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Micro-Combined Heat & Power Generation Part 1 | Micro-cogeneration Technology Gian Maria Rossi Sebastiano Managing Director email@example.com TOTEM ENERGY A SUBSIDIARY OF ASJA GROUP With a strong expertise in centralized energy generation Asja Group decided years ago to move into the business of decentralized energy generation with a strong awareness it will play an renewable energy since 1995 165 MW installed power essential role in the years ahead. Through the daugther company TOTEM ENERGY, Asja Group has become a specialist in Onsite Energy Generation products and particularly in Micro Combined Heat and Power generation. Its flagship product is the TOTEM micro CHP. 2 Our energy environment is changing rapidly as Governments globally strive to make cost-efficient use of resources while enabling the emergence of a low carbon economy. Innovative policy is crucial to enabling the emergence of those technologies that will deliver this outcome. Micro Combined Heat and Power (𝜇𝜇CHP), a cost-effective and flexible low carbon solution that generates heat and electricity on-site, can support the transformation of the energy system and the achievement of relevant policy objectives, including environmental ones. Widespread 𝜇𝜇CHP deployment can transfer a significant part of electricity generation at local level, creating significant benefits for the energy system and for consumers. Supporting widespread uptake to achieve energy policy objectives Ecuity Consulting LLP – March 2013 3 domestic level Fuel Cells Solid Oxide (SOFC) 20000 €/kWe Stirling 10000 – 16000 €/kWe Motor-bike engines 3500 - 5000 €/kWe 𝜇𝜇CHP CURRENT TECHNOLOGIES gyms, small hotels, cottages €/KWe Automotive engines 1500 - 3000 €/kWe hotels, swimming pools, industrial facilities Automotive engines 1000 – 2500 €/kWe Micro turbines 3000 – 4000 €/kWe Industrial engines 2500 – 3000 €/kWe 0-6 kWe 10-20 kWe 25-50 kWe 4 𝜇𝜇CHP IN THE WORLD About 60.000 units overall 5 𝜇𝜇CHP BASED ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES CUSTOMER MICRO-COMBINED HEAT&POWER Exhaust gas Aftertreatment (Catalytic converter) < 50 kW Natural gas LPG Power generator Engine Heat exchangers 6 𝜇𝜇CHP ENERGY SAVINGS 𝜇𝜇CHP brings savings as the primary energy used is less than that required for the separate production of heat and power Energy to produce 100 units electrical power demand losses 313 units 𝜇𝜇CHP 𝜇𝜇CHP 10 units 203 units 100 units losses Heat demand 203 units Conventional Methods 23 units 203 units Power demand 100 units 100 units 122 units Boiler 226 units Power Station 222 units losses 313 units of fuel input 303 units of delivered energy 30% saving 448 units of fuel input 303 units of delivered energy 7 𝜇𝜇CHP AND BIOMETHANE Engine-based 𝜇𝜇CHP are flexible in terms of fuel type utilisation. Therefore, renewable gases like biomethane should be considered as the eventual fuel of preference for 𝜇𝜇CHP. Renewable gas fuelled 𝜇𝜇CHP would allow the technology to become part of the portfolio of renewable solutions to attain full decarbonisation of power and heating. Europe forecast Source: Ecuity Consulting LLP 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 8 TOTEM THE BEGINNING (1981) «...Now a small co-generation unit, developed and marketed by Fiat in Europe and called TOTAL Energy Module, or TOTEM, is available in the U.S. Through Brooklyn Union Gas Co. In New York City...» 9 40+ YEARS OF HISTORY 1977 Research and Development Center of Fiat designs the TOTEM, first microcogenerator in 2015 Asja Group has developed TOTEM 2.0. 2018 TOTEM 2.0 is sold in Europe, North America and will be soon also in China. the world. 10 TOTEM MICROCOGENERATOR HEAT, POWER, EFFICIENCY TOTEM microcogenerator Innovative, 100% Italian, the evolution of the first microcogenerator in the world designed by Fiat Research and Development Center in 1977. TOTEM can be considered as a «boiler» that produces power in addition to the heat without harming the environment. Efficiency 107% TOTEM has an efficiency of 97% that increases up to 107% when it operates in condensing mode1. 1 heat recovery due to the condensation of water vapor in the exhaust gases 11 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY How does it work The TOTEM brain is its Operating System that, thanks to the application of IoT technology, allows to manage every single unit remotely and also to enable cluster operation. The TOTEM heart is a natural gas engine of FIAT 500 coupled with the alternator for power production. Thanks to an efficient system utilizing a heat exchanger, the engine exhaust heat is totally recovered and provided to the customer. 12 TOTEM, WHY IT IS CONVENIENT Savings Allows savings up to 20% on the primary energy use1 and financial savings up to 40% on the previous energy bills. Incentives Entitled to 65% of Ecobonus and White Certificates2. Low consumption Extremely low consumption allows the client to repay it in 2 years or even less. 1compared 2applies to the equivalent weighted average consumption in Italy for the production of power and heat to an Italian market 13 TOTEM FEATURES @ 50HZ Fiat Chrysler Automobiles engines and MODEL TOTEM 10 TOTEM 20 TOTEM 25 kW 10 20 25 Rated thermal power kW 21,6 (25,2*) 41,9 (48,5*) 50,2 (57,6*) Electrical efficiency % 29,6 31,2 32,5 Total efficiency % 93,6 (104,3*) 96,5 (106,8*) 97,8 (107,4*) Rated electric power Engine methane, biomethane, LPG Fuel consumption (CH4) Nm3/h Emissions (NOx)@ 5%O2 mg/Nm3 ≤ 10 Emissions (CO) @ 5% O2 mg/Nm3 ≤ 10 3,31 6,28 methane, biomethane and LPG Reliable with high level of efficiency over time 2 - 4 years due to savings on energy bills (heat and Magneti Marelli Fuel Multi fuel Short payback Fiat Fire 1400 cc Engine Control Unit Magneti Marelli technologies 7,54 power) Indoor / outdoor installation inside and outside Operation single and cascade operation; 50 or 60 Hz 14 TOTEM FEATURES @ 60HZ Model TOTEM 25 Modulation Rated Electrical Power kW 25 Rated Thermal Power BTU kW 170,600 (195,200*) 50 (57.2*) Net electrical efficiency (LHV) % 31.2% heat. Electricity generated matches customer’s Total efficiency (LHV) % 94.2 % (103.3%*) demand without exceeding the required need Inlet water temperature °F / °C 158 / 70 From 7.5 - 25 kW of electricity and 15 - 57 kW of Black-out start Engine FCA Fire 1400 cc Engine Control Unit Magneti Marelli Working while grid failure or power outage. In black- Fuel Natural Gas Black-out start capability Yes out start mode TOTEM can be fueled either with Input power rate (LHV) natural gas or propane BTU (kW) 270,760 (79.3) Th/hr 2.71 BTU (kW) 300,214 (87.9) Th/hr 3.00 Through the 3+1 wires inverter it can supply three Gas pressure requirement W.C. 8 single phase sub grid at once Emission settings (NOx)@ 5% O2 lb/MWhr < 0.10 Emission settings (CO)@ 5% O2 lb/MWhr Input power rate (HHV) * Referred Single phase ready < 0.10 to the input water temperature 95 F (35 °C) 15 THE BEST RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY PRODUCED AND EMISSIONS The TOTEM is the most efficient microcogenerator with the lowest emissions into the atmosphere thanks to the NOx Emissions stoichiometric control of the carburation and to an Average of the boilers installed nationwide1 Limits for boilers in the Region of efficient catalyst. 230 mg/Nm3 Lombardia2 178 mg/Nm3 NOx emissions (nitrogen oxides) of TOTEM are: boilers in the region of Lombardia, that are the Boilers Class 5 (lowest emissions) stringent at national level ≤ 61 mg/Nm3 TOTEM3 ≤ 7 mg/Nm3 25 times lower than the set limits established for 9 times lower than the boilers with the lowest emissions (class 5) NOx is one of the most dangerous atmospheric pollutants for human health because they are the precursors to form other harmful substances (mainly PM). data from the ISPRA report 262/2017 limits in Lombardia region for “Rehabilitation zones” 3 quota attributed to the thermal energy; total emissions: ≤ 10 mg/Nm3 1 2 16 AIR POLLUTION THE MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR IS HEATING Heating Harmful emissions Solution is responsible for more cause almost 80,000 if the entire residential heat than half of the primary deaths per year in Italy. demand was produced by harmful emissions into the (16,4% of the total) TOTEMs, every year it is atmosphere 13 times more Polluting emissions by sector Data by ISPRA vs victims of asbestos disease 30.000 less 25 times more deaths due to air pollution vs road accidents victims 33% trasport 57 times more 52% Heating vs work-related victims 7% industry 2% losses 3% agriculture 2% electricity expected… 7.500 ton less of fine dust into the atmosphere TOTEM is the most efficient and environmentally friendly solution to produce heat without harming the environment. 17 TOTEM MICROCOGENERATOR AN ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY NOx emissions*: 25 times lower than the set limits established for boilers in the region of Lombardia (among the most stingent in Italy) 9 times lower than the boilers with the lowest emissions Microcogenerators can replace boilers in all cases where there is demand for electricity and heat (residential, tourist accommodations, wellness centers, healthcare, schools, public buildings, small/medium industry, Distribution,….). If you cover the residential heat requirement (with exception of the single-family building) with TOTEM microcogenerators, in Italy, according to the Althesys study, 30,000 premature deaths per year due to atmospheric pollution would be avoided. * NOx is one of the most dangerous atmospheric pollutants for human health because they are the precursors to form other harmful substances (mainly PM). 18 TOTEM FULL-THERMAL Heat & cool at the best efficiency TOTEM Full-Thermal heats and cools taking benefit of the natural gas low cost as well as the heat pumps high efficiency. As a result, this system is extremely advantageous from the economic point of view compared to the use of «stand alone» electric heat pump. 19 INTEGRATION OF THE 𝜇𝜇CHP WITH THE HEAT PUMP The change in the Building Regulations by the end of the decade that will require any replacement of heating system to achieve a carbon reduction improvement vs. condensing boilers has the potential to establish a vibrant low carbon heating market. Such change would generate a level playing field for low carbon heating products, including 𝜇𝜇CHP . The power generated by the 𝜇𝜇CHP can be used by a Heat Pump to produce additional heat or to operate as a chiller. The combination of 𝜇𝜇CHP + Heat Pump can serve as a simple means of readily upgrading the existing stock of residential gas boilers and can integrate with legacy high-temperature heating systems (e.g. radiators, pumps) The global efficiency of the 𝜇𝜇CHP + Heat Pump systems can be as high as 160%: 100 energy units of natural gas become 160 units of heat to the end user 20 TOTEM DISTRICT TOTEM clusters distributed over the territory make energy platform efficient, flexible and with low emissions. District heating & cooling To meet local users’ thermal needs (heating and cooling) by creating forms of «smart» district heating at the urban district level. Digitized smart grid To meet local power requirements by increasing the flexibility of renewable energy plants and optimizing the operation of the power grid through the access to the Dispatching Services Market(MSD). Thanks to the intelligent TOTEM Operation System that makes energy platforms flexible and helps to control it quickly. 21 • 𝜇𝜇CHP DISTRICT POWER & HEATING Aside from an ideal like-for-like heating replacement in individual properties, 𝜇𝜇CHP is well placed to operate in a modular fashion in a shared environment, benefiting from economies of scale. 𝜇𝜇CHP is an ideal solution for social housing or for a block of flats and community heating schemes. • The modular deployment of 𝜇𝜇CHP may become the predominant commercialisation means as the decarbonisation targets become more stringent. • Distributed 𝜇𝜇CHP clusters can jointly make a low emission District Power and Heating. • In fact, 𝜇𝜇CHP can meet with flexibility the distributed customer demand of heat & power with emissions 9 times lower than the boilers with Heat Power the lowest emissions and 20% less CO2 over centralized electricity generation. 22 𝜇𝜇CHP SMART GRID INTEGRATION With the deployment of smart meters and the smart grid coupled with improvements in energy storage, 𝜇𝜇CHP flexibility would generate innovative possibilities to incorporate the demand side more actively in power system operation (prosumers) with considerable benefits. 23 TOWARDS ENERGY 4D TOTEM combined with renewable sources (heat pump and PV) 24 𝜇𝜇CHP BENEFITS FOR THE USER Economic benefits savings on energy bills Enabler for District Power and Heating Increased security in electrical supply (𝜇𝜇CHP can also work in "island" mode in the event of blackouts) Operation in "Peak-shaving" to cope with high power demand for limited time periods Increased "Power quality" to ensure constant voltage and frequency to safeguard production processes 25 𝜇𝜇CHP BENEFITS FOR THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND FOR THE COUNTRY Widespread 𝜇𝜇CHP uptake could complement significant investment in centralised generation, or indeed transfer a considerable proportion of electricity generation from big centralised power stations to the local level About 7% of all generated electricity is lost when it is transported to consumers as a result of transmission and distribution losses. 𝜇𝜇CHP penetration would allow the efficient generation of electricity by alleviating losses of electricity In an environment that favours a more important role for local energy generation, 𝜇𝜇CHP is the most controllable distributed energy technology. The power output of 𝜇𝜇CHP can allow enhanced viability in local power generation as a result of its flexibility and natural fit with key renewable solutions and domestic electricity demand 26 𝜇𝜇CHP BENEFITS FOR THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND FOR THE COUNTRY Benefits for the balance of payments and decreased dependence on import of fossil fuels Reduced CO2 and NOx emissions (reduced dead and health costs) Decreased occurrence of overload conditions in the transmission lines, with increased resilience of the electric grid Reduced transmission and distribution losses Encouragement of new energy providers liberalization of the energy sector 27 Micro-Combined Heat & Power Generation Part 2 | Applications and Markets Gian Maria Rossi Sebastiano Managiing Director firstname.lastname@example.org APPLICATIONS TOTEM users Wellness centers swimming pools, thermal baths, spa Tourist accommodations hotel, resort Healthcare hospitals, polyclinics, nursing homes Residential condominiums Public schools, public buildings Agricultural sector dairies, sausage factories Distribution supermarkets, outlet Small/medium industry production sites Energy districts micro grids for district heating and power generation Utilities 29 APPLICATIONS IN ITALY Industry 9% Hotel 33% Residential 6% Swimming Pool 30% Healthcare 22% 30 𝜇𝜇CHP POWER DEMAND COVERAGE EXAMPLE: SWIMMING POOL 30.000 Consumo energia… Power Demand Generated Power Energia elettrica… 25.000 20.000 15.000 10.000 To achieve the maximum economical benefit 𝜇𝜇CHP covers the baseload (maximum operation hours) 5.000 0 gen feb mar apr mag giu lug ago set ott nov dic 31 BUSINESS CASE SWIMMING POOL | ECONOMIC BENEFITS Cost without TOTEM Heat (methane) Power Total (A) 15.684 € 43.442 € 59.126 € Cost with TOTEM (1 x 25 kW) Methane and TOTEM operation Power Total (B) 27.253 € 14.560 € 41.813 € Incentives to use TOTEM Tax deduction (C) Annual gross savings (A-B+C) Cumulative gross savings in 15 years 4.290 € 21.603 € 324.045 € Cost for TOTEM (with installation) 64.800 € Cumulative net savings in 15 years 259.245 € Payback (years) * 3,0 With reference to energy prices applicable to Italy. TOTEM unots w/o black start feature. 32 BUSINESS CASE HOTEL | ECONOMIC BENEFITS Cost without TOTEM Heat (methane) Power Total (A) 66.524 € 88.800 € 155.324 € Cost with TOTEM (2 x 20 kW) Methane and TOTEM operation Power Total (B) 87.251 € 39.220 € 126.471 € Incentives to use TOTEM Tax deduction (C) Montlhly Performance 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Annual gross savings (A-B+C) Cumulative gross savings in 15 years 5.963 € 34.816 € 522.240 € Cost for TOTEM (with installation) 91.740 € Cumulative net savings in 15 years 430.500 € Payback (years) Energy [MWh] Power [kW] * 2,6 With reference to energy prices applicable to Italy. TOTEM unots w/o black start feature. 33 TOTEM ENERGY WORLDWIDE Headquarters and production Italy Main Distribution, Marketing and Production UK Slovenia USA & Canada Ireland China Distribution Distribution Belgium Distribution Distribution Germany Netherlands Czech Republic Luxembourg Distribution Distribution Distribution Distribution Distribution Business Development Brazil Business Development Russia Business Development 34 MARKETS GERMANY Drivers CHP supportive policy development last 15 years From 2012 - 2015 in the range from 10 - 50 kWel 6.937 units were installed (192 MW el) BAFA incentives (major CHP incentive in the country; incentive amounts up to €4.375/unit) KWKG incentives (€ 0,04/kWh for self consumption in addition to TOTEM generation savings or € 0,08/kWh for selling electricity back to the grid) CHP awareness and acceptance by end users are the highest in GE among other EU countries Opportunities In 2016 the last amendment has been launched to CHP law to make conditions more favorable to self consumption Need to replace mCHP units installed 10 - 15 years ago 35 MARKETS UNITED KINGDOM Drivers Increasing power prices UK has set a long-term carbon emissions reduction goal of 80% by 2050 favoring the use of high-efficiency technologies such as CHP. Building regulations 2010 (legal binding requirements); micro CHP is one of the technologies that is allowed by LZC (Low and Zero Carbon Energy Source) to meet building regulations London is setting more stringiest air quality standards: all plant to meet a NOx emission limit of <50 mg Nm3 at 5% O2 (dry gas) [TOTEM meets it; EC Power – no] Opportunities Up to 10 million new homes will be needed by 2050 Existing stock needs boiler replacement; micro CHP is ease of retrofitting 36 MARKETS CZECH REPUBLIC Drivers Nuclear and Coal are still dominant in supply European Commission has approved support scheme for CHP in CZ for the period from 01.2016-12.2020 Green Bonuses are officially in place and active (Payback 4 – 7 years) EU Investment bank is investing in improvement of district heating of Czech Republic Long heating season Opportunities Government wants to stop using coal – need to replace with non-coal technology Existing stock needs boiler replacement; micro CHP is ease of retrofitting : opportunities in Building and housing sector Subsidies for energy efficient projects (building renovation) 37 TOTEM BALKANS Drivers • Efficient urban planning - migration to urban areas are increasing, need to improve energy efficiency and security in new building and retrofits. • Decrease energy import - promoting energy efficiency gives possibility to meet energy needs without expensive import. • Reducing - GHG gases and other environmental and social impact. • More and more adopting incentives to support RES and energy efficiency (ex. Bosnia and Herzegovina, the guaranteed prices for the purchase of electrical energy from facilities using RES and CHP). Opportunities • Excising opportunities for large CHP and biofuel • Micro CHP without incentives bring to 7-8 years payback • Additional study needed and possible pilot projects 38 TOTEM CANADA (60 Hz) Drivers Rising energy cost (not in Ontario but in other states, ex. In Alberta electricity has doubled during the last year) Long heating season (up to 10 months) Advanced CHP technology is more accessible for properties 7% of electricity is produced using cogeneration Recurrent grid outages Need to reduce grid demand and improve infrastructure cost and time effective Shown are the best locations for Micro CHP based on payback, policies, net metering rules, discounted natural gas prices, length of heating season, emissions regulations and an experienced dealer network. Opportunities Real estate investment companies Residential/commercial applications/multifamily houses 39 MARKETS CHINA Drivers Away from coal – Eco-friendly equipment is welcomed in China Chinese government is taken serious actions to pollution issues Local players are entering the market but they bring an equipment with higher emissions (≈ 70 mg/NOx) Subsidies in Shanghai (Payback 3 – 4 years) Long heating season Opportunities Lots of opportunities in the Hotel industry Existing partner that has current clients’ database Pilot projects are launching in China 40 MARKETS AFRICA Drivers Growing economy, LNG and LPG network and reserves Existing projects of RES and energy efficiency Support country’s economic growth (power and heat supply for textile, food, chemical and commercial plants) Urgent need for energy supply Limited access to electricity Avoiding distribution losses which represents 10-12% Creating reliable electricity supply Opportunities Residential buildings, hospitals and schools Small commercial industries Most attractive states: Morocco, Jordan, Egypt and South Africa 41 Thank you for your attention Gian Maria Rossi Sebastiano Managiing Director email@example.com 3.000 m2 of technology and innovation designed according to the maximum efficiency All activities, from research and development of new models to the production are in line with the most stringent principles of sustainability and respect for the environment. TOTEM Energy production plant visit
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