Ronald Kostoff

Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human ... - SMARTech

Unethical Research; Electromagnetic Fields; Wireless Radiation; ... Appendix 2 – Manual Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Effects Database.

THE LARGEST UNETHICAL MEDICAL EXPERIMENT IN HUMAN HISTORY

Appendix 2 – Manual Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Effects Database A2-A. Category Themes Table A2-1 – Manual Taxonomy A2-B. Category Record Titles Appendix 3 – Factor Analysis of Adverse EMF Effects Database A3-A. Factor Themes Table A3-1 - Factor Analysis Taxonomy A3-B. Factor Record Titles

Largest Unethical Medical Experiment 2020
Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History

Copyright 2020

RN Kostoff

THE LARGEST UNETHICAL MEDICAL EXPERIMENT IN HUMAN HISTORY Ronald N. Kostoff, Ph.D.
Research Affiliate, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology

KEYWORDS
Unethical Research; Electromagnetic Fields; Wireless Radiation; Radiofrequency Radiation; RF; Non-Ionizing Radiation; Mobile Networking Technology; 5G; Adverse Health Effects

ABSTRACT
This monograph describes the largest unethical medical experiment in human history: the implementation and operation of non-ionizing non-visible EMF radiation (hereafter called wireless radiation) infrastructure for communications, surveillance, weaponry, and other applications. It is unethical because it violates the key ethical medical experiment requirement for "informed consent" by the overwhelming majority of the participants.
The monograph provides background on unethical medical research/experimentation, and frames the implementation of wireless radiation within that context. The monograph then identifies a wide spectrum of adverse effects of wireless radiation as reported in the premier biomedical literature for over seven decades. Even though many of these reported adverse effects are extremely severe, the true extent of their severity has been grossly underestimated.
Most of the reported laboratory experiments that produced these effects are not reflective of the real-life environment in which wireless radiation operates. Many experiments do not include pulsing and modulation of the carrier signal, and most do not account for synergistic effects of other toxic stimuli acting in concert with the wireless radiation. These two additions greatly exacerbate the severity of the adverse effects from wireless radiation, and their neglect in current (and past) experimentation results in substantial under-estimation of the breadth and severity of adverse effects to be expected in a real-life situation. This lack of credible safety testing, combined with depriving the public of the opportunity to provide informed consent, contextualizes the wireless radiation infrastructure operation as an unethical medical experiment.
Addition of the nascent fifth generation of mobile networking technology (5G) globally to the existing mobile technology network will contribute further to the largest unethical medical experiment in human history!
This monograph consists of four chapters and eight appendices. Chapter 1 focuses on unethical research, showing how wireless radiation infrastructure implementation fits into the
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framework of unethical medical experimentation, and providing many examples of other types of unethical medical experimentation.
Chapter 2 is the main technical chapter, focusing on adverse health effects of wireless radiation. It describes:
· adverse effects from past research, and what additional adverse effects can be expected when 5G is implemented fully
· lack of full consensus among key stakeholders on adverse effects from wireless radiation, and the role played by conflicts-of-interest in this lack of consensus
· the main reason that this unethical medical experiment was allowed to take place:
The Federal government that promotes accelerated implementation of wireless radiation technology also 1) sponsors research examining the technology's potential adverse effects and 2) regulates the technology's potentially adverse impacts on the public. This unethical promotion-sponsorship-regulation conflict-of-interest lays the groundwork for unethical medical experimentation!
Chapter 3 contains the references for the main text, and Chapter 4 contains the eight appendices.
Appendix 1 presents more details about unethical medical experiments, including examples and many references for further study.
Appendix 2 contains a manual taxonomy of a representative adverse EMF effects database; Appendix 3 contains a factor analysis taxonomy of the same database; and, Appendix 4 contains a text clustering taxonomy of the same database. All three taxonomies contain links between the categories in the summary tables and the titles of papers associated with each category.
Appendix 5 shows the potential contribution of wireless radiation to the opioid crisis and potential contribution of wireless radiation to exacerbation of the coronavirus pandemic.
Appendix 6 shows the link between funding source and research outcomes, and presents many references on the topic of funding source-driven bias.
Appendix 7 describes the under-recognized adverse effects of wireless radiation related to medical implants (pacemakers, defibrillators, cochlear implants, dental implants, bone pins, etc) and metal appendages (metal jewelry, etc), and potential micro/nano-implant analogues.
Appendix 8 shows adverse effects of wireless radiation on automotive vehicle occupants (and bystanders), and the under-advertised on-board and external sources of this radiation.

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CITATION TO MONOGRAPH
Kostoff RN. The largest unethical medical experiment in human history. 2020. PDF. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/62452

COPYRIGHT AND CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2020 by Ronald N. Kostoff Printed in the United States of America; First Printing, 2020

CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE
This work can be copied and redistributed in any medium or format provided that credit is given to the original author. For more details on the CC BY license, see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License<http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/>.

DISCLAIMERS The views in this monograph are solely those of the author, and do not represent the views of the Georgia Institute of Technology.
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PREFACE
Humanity is racing along two parallel paths to self-destruction: 1) accelerating irreversible climate change, and 2) rapidly increasing exposure to health and life-threatening mixtures of toxic stimuli. The most ubiquitous constituent of these toxic mixtures is wireless radiation, which is proceeding to blanket humanity and its ecological life support chain.
A small fraction of the population has given informed consent to wireless radiation exposure, gambling (like users of cigarettes, cocaine, fentanyl) that they can escape the severe adverse consequences of exposure. Another small fraction of the population has not given informed consent, but receives harmful second-hand exposure because of the broad-scale transmission of wireless radiation from terrestrial and satellite sources. The vast majority of the population has given Mis-informed Consent to this exposure. This mis-information is supplied by the telecommunications industry, its lobbyists, its government partners, its political enablers, its marketing arm (the mainstream media), and even some academic enablers.
While research over the past seventy+ years has shown hard evidence of severe adverse effects from wireless radiation, the full extent of the damage from existing wireless radiation infrastructure is not known, much less the damage expected from 4G/5G infrastructure being implemented rapidly today. Attempting to identify the full extent of these adverse effects is the global medical experiment being conducted today. The fact that this experiment is being conducted with mis-informed consent makes it an unethical medical experiment. Because of the magnitude of this experiment, it is the largest unethical medical experiment in human history!
Chapter 1 of this monograph presents the case for wireless radiation infrastructure implementation without credible safety testing being not only an unethical medical experiment, but the largest in human history. It presents wireless radiation infrastructure implementation in the context of other recent examples of unethical medical experiments, and shows how these others pale in comparison to the projected suffering and lethality from wireless radiation exposure based on even the incomplete biomedical data gathered to date.
Chapter 2 is the main technical chapter in this monograph. It covers a broad scope of adverse health and life-supporting ecological effects from wireless radiation, mainly at communications frequencies. Some of these adverse effects are not well-known to the general public, but they are important nevertheless. While the majority of the chapter is technical, its initial section provides the context for evaluating the biomedical literature results. In particular, it emphasizes the conflicts-of-interest operable in all aspects of the wireless radiation biomedical research process, ranging from the initial health-effects research sponsorship to the final research results dissemination in the premier technical literature and other forums. As Chapter 2 shows, we have known about the adverse health and ecological effects of wireless radiation exposure for seventy+ years, but decision-makers of all stripes have nevertheless chosen to impose this health and life-threatening toxic stimulus on an unsuspecting global populace.

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Additionally, there are eight appendices. The copious material contained in the appendices supports the statements made in the main text (Chapters 1 and 2). Three subappendices, while grounded in hard evidence, are somewhat more hypothetical than the rest. They include 1) linkages between wireless radiation exposure and exacerbation of the opioid crisis and the coronavirus pandemic, and 2) potentially enhanced heating and temperature increases to thermally-damaging levels from short RF pulses and tissue-imbedded nanoparticles. My purpose in presenting these three more hypothetical sub-appendices is to stimulate more discussion, and especially more research, on the nature and validity of these linkages.
Finally, it is my hope that this monograph receives the widest distribution, especially among those who have 1) been the targets of this decades-long mis-information campaign and 2) given their consent to wireless radiation exposure based upon mis-information. It is this segment of the public whose informed actions could reverse the increasing implementation of wireless radiation infrastructure, and prevent the infliction of even more damage, since the other stakeholders involved in the promotion of wireless radiation infrastructure have shown little desire to protect the public against the known and projected ravages of wireless radiation.

Ronald N. Kostoff, Gainesville, VA, 15 February 2020 5

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TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE KEYWORDS ABSTRACT CITATION TO MONOGRAPH COPYRIGHT CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE DISCLAIMERS PREFACE TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Chapter 1 ­ Unethical Research 1A. Monograph Overview 1B. Unethical Research 1B1. Broad Definition 1B2. Informed Consent 1B3. Examples of Unethical Medical Experimentation Chapter 2 ­ Adverse Impacts of Wireless Radiation 2A. Overview 2A1. The Context of Wireless Radiation Health and Safety Research 2B. Wireless Radiation/Electromagnetic Spectrum 2C. Modern Non-Ionizing EMF Radiation Exposures 2D. Demonstrated Biological and Health Effects from Prior Generations of Wireless Networking Technology 2D1. Limitations of Previous Wireless Radiation Health Effects Studies 2D2. Adverse Health Effects Identified in Major Review Studies 2D3. Adverse Health Effects from Open Literature Analysis 2D4. Adverse Wireless Radiation Health Effects from Former USSR Literature Analysis 2E. Potential Adverse Health Effects Expected from 5G Mobile Networking Technology
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2F. Why is there not Full Consensus on Adverse Effects from Wireless Radiation? 2F1. Reasons for Lack of Full Consensus 2F2. The Role of Conflicts-of-Interest in Lack of Full Consensus 2F3. Interpreting Wireless Radiation Health Study Findings 2G. Conclusions Chapter 3 - References Chapter 4 ­ Appendices Appendix 1 ­ Unethical Medical Experiments A1-A. Overview Appendix 1A ­ Unethical Medical Experiments - Examples Appendix 1B ­ Ethics of Medical Experiments ­ References Appendix 2 ­ Manual Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Effects Database A2-A. Category Themes Table A2-1 ­ Manual Taxonomy A2-B. Category Record Titles Appendix 3 ­ Factor Analysis of Adverse EMF Effects Database A3-A. Factor Themes Table A3-1 - Factor Analysis Taxonomy A3-B. Factor Record Titles Appendix 4 ­ Hierarchical Text Clustering Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Effects Database A4-A. Cluster Themes Table A4-1 - CLUTO-Based Text Clustering Taxonomy ­ Top Levels Table A4-2 - CLUTO-Based Text Clustering Taxonomy - Bottom Levels A4-B. Cluster Record Titles Appendix 5 - Wireless Radiation Impact on the Opioid Crisis and Coronavirus Pandemic Appendix 6 ­ Funding Source Bias on Research Outcomes Appendix 7 ­ Adverse Effects of Wireless Radiation Related to Implants and Appendages A7-A. Overview

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A7-B. Specific Impacts from Passive Implants A7-B1. Overview A7-B2. Impacts from Passive Metallic Medical Implants A7-B3. Impacts from Passive Macro/Nano Implant Analogues Table A7-1 ­ Implant Taxonomy Appendix 8 ­ Adverse Effects of Automotive-Based Wireless Radiation A8-A. Overview A8-B. Specific Automotive Wireless Radiation Sources Table A8-1 ­ Appendix 8 References AUTHOR BIO

RN Kostoff

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
ES-1. Overview
We are in the midst of the largest unethical medical experiment in human history. This experiment is the implementation and operation of a global wireless network for communications, surveillance, and other purposes. It is a medical experiment because we do not know the full extent of the adverse health effects that will result from this wireless network implementation and operation. It is an unethical medical experiment because it violates the key ethical medical experiment requirement of `informed consent' from the participants.
Even though the adverse health effects of wireless radiation reported over the past seventy+ years span the range of severity from discomfort to lethality, we do not know the full extent of adverse health effects from this technology because:
Most laboratory experiments aimed at identifying wireless radiation health effects bear no relation to real-life exposures, and are performed under the most benign conditions of
· single stressors (wireless radiation only) · no pulsing and modulation of the carrier signal · no synergistic effects of other toxic stimuli acting in concert with the wireless radiation
These experimental deficiencies are compounded by
· lack of access to the global classified literature on adverse health effects from wireless radiation
· lack of knowledge of proprietary basic and advanced studies on adverse health effects from wireless radiation.
The adverse wireless radiation health effects that have been identified already from the incomplete literature openly available are massive in scope and magnitude. They support the conclusion that wireless radiation as already implemented is extremely dangerous to human health. It acts as both a promoter/accelerator and initiator of adverse health effects. Addition of the missing elements described above and more wireless radiation infrastructure will exacerbate further the adverse effects from wireless radiation on
· human health directly through contribution to chronic disease and · human health indirectly through degradation of the food chain ecosystem.

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ES-2. Adverse Impacts of Wireless Radiation on the Most Vulnerable Members of Society
In the spirit of the `unethical' medical experiments described in this monograph,
it is the poor and dispossessed who will suffer the most from wireless radiation exposure. This is because wireless radiation plays a dual role of initiator and promoter/accelerator
of serious disease. In its promoter/accelerator role, it can accelerate the progression of existing serious diseases such as cancer, and/or, through synergy, can produce serious adverse health effects when combined with other toxic stimuli that neither constituent of the combination could produce in isolation.
Many toxic stimuli, such as harsh chemicals, biotoxins, ionizing radiation sources, vibrating machinery, prolonged sitting doing repetitive tasks, high air pollution, etc, are used/experienced by the poorest members of society in their occupations, and many toxic stimuli, such as air pollutants, toxic wastes, etc, are very prevalent in their residential environments. Thus, people who spray pesticides in farm labor or household applications, people who do cleaning with harsh chemicals, people who dispose of hazardous materials, basically, people who do the dirty work in our society and live in dirty environments, are already leading candidates for higher risk of serious diseases. Adding a wireless radiation promoter/accelerator to their residential and occupational environments will radically increase their chances for developing serious diseases. Closing the `digital divide' for them will translate to increased suffering and reduced longevity!

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ES-3. Role of Conflicts-of-Interest in the Sponsorship, Conduct, and Dissemination of Wireless Radiation Research
The results shown in the literature cannot be separated from the context in which this research has been sponsored, conducted, and disseminated!
In the USA (and in most, if not all, countries), the two major sponsors of wireless radiation health and safety research are the Federal government and the wireless radiation industry, in that order. Both of these organizations have a strong intrinsic conflict-of-interest with respect to wireless radiation.
The Federal government is a strong promoter of wireless radiation infrastructure development and rapid expansion, most recently supporting accelerated implementation of 5G infrastructure.
The Federal government that promotes accelerated implementation of wireless radiation technology also 1) sponsors research examining the technology's potential adverse effects and 2) regulates the technology's potentially adverse impacts on the public. The fact that these development, regulation, and safety functions may be assigned to different Executive Agencies within the Federal government is irrelevant from an independence perspective. The separate Executive Agencies in the Federal government are like the tentacles of an Octopus; they operate synchronously under one central command.
The wireless promoters' main objectives of developing and implementing the technology rapidly are enabled by suppressing knowledge (to the public) of potential adverse effects from the technology's operation. These fundamental conflicts impact the objectivity of the health and safety R&D sponsors and performers. Any Federal research sponsor of wireless radiation technology safety would be highly conflicted between 1) a desire to satisfy Executive and Legislative objectives of accelerating expansion of wireless radiation technology and implementation and 2) sponsoring objective research focused on identifying and reporting adverse effects of wireless radiation expected under real-life conditions. Likewise, any sponsored research performer addressing wireless radiation technology safety would be highly conflicted between 1) reporting the actual adverse effects expected under real-life conditions and 2) the desire to satisfy wireless radiation promotional objectives of the research sponsors in order to maintain long-range funding.

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ES-4. Adverse Health Effects from Wireless Radiation Exposure. In aggregate, for the high frequency (radiofrequency-RF) part of the spectrum, expert
reviews show that RF radiation below the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) exposure guidelines can result in:
-carcinogenicity (brain tumors/glioma, breast cancer, acoustic neuromas, leukemia, parotid gland tumors),
-genotoxicity (DNA damage, DNA repair inhibition, chromatin structure), -mutagenicity, teratogenicity, -neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer's Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), -neurobehavioral problems, autism, -reproductive problems, pregnancy outcomes, -oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, blood-brain barrier disruption, -pineal gland/melatonin production, sleep disturbance, headache, -irritability, fatigue, concentration difficulties, depression, dizziness, tinnitus, -burning and flushed skin, digestive disturbance, tremor, cardiac irregularities, and can -adversely impact the neural, circulatory, immune, endocrine, and skeletal systems. The effects range from myriad feelings of discomfort to life-threatening diseases. From this perspective, RF exposure is a highly pervasive cause of disease!

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ES-5. Adverse Impacts of Wireless Radiation on the Food Chain
The struggle for survival of human life on Earth is dependent on the logistical food supply chain. At the foundation of this supply chain (before the farmers become involved in harvesting its bounty) are the insects, seeds, flora, trees, etc, that enable the bountiful growth of the myriad potential foods. If the integrity of this foundational logistical supply chain is threatened in any way, then both the animals and plant products we consume become unavailable.
There is a substantial literature on the adverse impacts of wireless radiation on this foundational logistical supply chain. These adverse effects are from the pre-5G wireless radiation exposures, and would include enhanced coupling from the higher frequency harmonics of the RF signal. Many of these supply chain elements (e.g., insects, seeds, larvae, etc) are very small, and we could expect enhanced resonance/energy coupling with the shorter-wavelength 5G radiation when implemented. This indirect impact of wireless radiation may turn out to be at least as (if not more) important as the direct impact of wireless radiation on human survival!
From a broader perspective, most of the laboratory experiment component of the wireless radiation adverse effects literature can be viewed as related to the foundational food supply chain. Much of this research is focused on mice, rats, insects, small birds, small fish, etc. These species tend to be prey of larger animals/fowl/fish, and eventually make their way to the human food table. Any environmental factor that affects the health of these species adversely will eventually impact the humans who are at the end of that chain. In reality, we have accumulated a massive literature describing the adverse impacts of wireless radiation on myriad contributing components to our food supply, and the results do not bode well for our future ability to feed the growing world's population!

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ES-6. Adverse Impacts of Wireless Radiation on Medical and Non-Medical Implants
There were two major types of medical implants covered by the database articles showing adverse effects: active implants that produced electrical signals mainly for controlling heart irregularities (e.g., pacemakers, defibrillators) and hearing deficiencies (e.g., cochlear implants), and passive metallic implants for structural support (e.g., dental implants, bone pins, plates, etc). Additionally, there are articles addressing adverse effects from wireless radiation in the vicinity of metallic appendages (e.g., metallic eyeglasses, metallic jewelry, etc).
The external EMF (electromagnetic fields) from microwaves (and other sources) could 1) impact the electrical operation of the active medical implants adversely, 2) increase the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) values of tissue in the vicinity of the passive implants substantially because of resonance effects, and 3) increase the flow and acidity of saliva in the vicinity of dental structures. While the EMF effects on the cochlear implants could adversely affect auditory capability, EMF effects on the heart-related implants could potentially be lifethreatening. The increased SAR values around the passive metal implants could result in increased tissue temperatures, and could adversely impact integration and longevity of the passive metallic implants.
In the mouth, the combination of 1) increased tissue temperatures in proximity to the implant or other orthodontic structures and 2) increased flow rate and acidity of saliva could lead to 3) increased leaching of heavy metals (a known contributor to serious diseases). This also raises the question: what other adverse health effects from the exposure of both the active and passive implants to increasing levels of wireless radiation have not been identified or addressed?
There is a third class of structures whose interaction physics with RF are related to those of the passive implants. These are termed implant analogues, and include myriad exogenous particles (mainly nanoparticles) that penetrate, and imbed in, the skin. The resultant nanoparticle-imbedded tissues have the potential for increased energy absorption from the incoming RF signal, thereby resulting in potentially increased thermal damage over and above the thermal damage resulting from the pulsed high-peak-to-average power of the RF signal. Additionally, more research needs to be done to ascertain the magnitudes of these thermal transients and associated stresses, in order to estimate the levels of enhanced potential damage from RF radiation.

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ES-7. Studies in the USSR on Wireless Radiation Health Effects
Much research examining potential adverse effects from wireless radiation, especially in the athermal parameter range, was performed in the USSR as far back as seventy+ years ago. Their results confirm the wide scope of adverse effects reported in recent years and summarized in the present monograph. Unfortunately, their results appear to have had little effect in influencing wireless radiation safety standards in the USA and many other countries.
ES-8. Adverse Effects Expected from Addition of 5G to Existing Communications Networks
The potential 5G adverse health effects derive from the intrinsic nature of the radiation, and how this radiation interacts with tissue and other target structures. 4G networking technology was associated mainly with carrier frequencies in the range of ~1-2.5 GHz (cell phones, WiFi). The wavelength of 1 GHz radiation is 30 cm, and the penetration depth in human tissue is a few centimeters. The highest performance 5G networking technology (millimeter wave) is mainly associated with carrier frequencies at least an order of magnitude above the 4G frequencies, although, as stated in Chapter 2, "ELFs (0­3000Hz) are always present in all telecommunication EMFs in the form of pulsing and modulation". Penetration depths for the high-performance carrier frequency component of 5G radiation (aka high-band) will be on the order of a few millimeters.
For much of the early implementation of 5G, and perhaps later, 5G will be integrated with 4G. Some vendors will start out/have started out with `low-band' 5G (~600-900 MHz); some will start out with `mid-band' 5G (~2.5 GHz-4.2 GHz); and some will start out with `high band' 5G (~24-47 GHz). All these modes are associated with potentially severe adverse health effects, and none have been tested for safety in any credible manner.
At the millimeter carrier wavelengths characteristic of high-band high-performance 5G, one can expect resonance phenomena with small-scale human structures, as well as resonances with insects/insect components, seeds, etc.
The common `wisdom' being presented in the literature and the broader media is that, if there are adverse impacts resulting from millimeter-wave 5G, the main impacts will be focused on near-surface phenomena, such as skin cancer, cataracts, and other skin conditions, because of shallow RF penetration depths. However, there is evidence that biological responses to millimeter-wave irradiation can be initiated within the skin, and the subsequent systemic signaling in the skin can result in physiological effects on the nervous system, heart, and immune system. There is additional evidence that adverse effects from millimeter-wave radiation can occur in organs and tissue well below the skin surface. This should not be surprising, since there are myriad signaling conduits connecting the skin to deeper structures in the body.

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ES-9. Lack of Full Consensus on Wireless Radiation Adverse Effects
Not all studies of wireless radiation have shown adverse effects on health. There are many possibilities to explain this.
1) There could be `windows' in parameter space where adverse effects occur, and the studies/experiments were conducted outside these `windows'. Operation outside these windows could show · no effects or · hormetic effects or · therapeutic effects.
The single stressor studies that constitute most of wireless radiation laboratory health research, and indeed constitute most of the laboratory medical research literature, essentially yield very narrow windows. Adverse effects are identified over very limited parameter ranges, and adverse effects shown by many combinations of stressors are not revealed when these stressors are tested in isolation over the same parametric ranges.
One could conclude that, whether by design or accident, the real-world impact of single stressor studies is to conceal, rather than reveal, many of the more serious adverse health effects of wireless radiation.

The stressor variables to be used for health studies should not be limited to single stressors in isolation, but should include to the extent possible combinations of toxic stimuli stressors, since these combinations reflect more accurately real-life exposures.

2)

Research quality could be poor, and adverse effects were overlooked.

3)

Or, the research team could have had a preconceived agenda

where finding no adverse effects from wireless radiation was the main objective of the research!

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ES-10. Potential Links of Wireless Radiation to Enhancement of Opioid Crisis
The previous findings reported in this Executive Summary are based on hard evidence and have been validated in numerous studies. The present section is based on hard evidence as well, but the link of wireless radiation to the opioid crisis is not as far along in the validation process. It should be viewed as a hypothesis at this point, and serve as a basis for discussion and further research.
It has been shown many times that one impact of wireless radiation (at myriad frequencies) is release of endogenous opioids. This release of endogenous opioids can enable analgesic effects by itself, or can enhance the analgesic effects of exogenous analgesics. This has been demonstrated at pulsed millimeter-wave frequencies, WiFi frequencies, mobile phone frequencies, radiofrequencies, and extremely low frequencies. Additionally, as has been demonstrated by the results of the current monograph, wireless radiation at all the above frequencies has resulted in serious mid-term and especially long-term adverse health effects.
Therefore, wireless radiation exposure, especially at cell phone, WiFi, and millimeterwave pulsed and modulated frequencies, generates 1) analgesic and pleasurable short-term effects and 2) serious adverse mid- and long-term effects. There would be some exceptions for the short-term, such as electrohypersensitivity (EHS) sufferers, who are immediately affected adversely and strongly by wireless radiation exposure.
For most people, the enhanced analgesic short-term effects of the wireless radiation would in effect mask the long-term damage from this radiation.
As time proceeds, the increasing discomfort from the adverse mid-and long-term effects of wireless radiation requires increasingly stronger analgesics to suppress, and the increasing use of exogenous analgesics becomes necessary. This potentially enhanced use of exogenous analgesics could lead to opioid and/or other analgesic addictions.

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ES-11. Potential Links of Wireless Radiation to Current Coronavirus Pandemic
The previous findings reported in this Executive Summary are based on hard evidence and have been validated in numerous studies. The present section is based on hard evidence as well, but the link of wireless radiation to the coronavirus pandemic is not as far along in the validation process. It should be viewed as a hypothesis at this point, and serve as a basis for discussion and further research.
There are on the order of 300,000 viruses, many/most of which have zoonotic potential. To develop vaccines for all of these viruses (before an epidemic or pandemic strikes) is unreasonable (based on present technology) because of the sheer numbers involved. To develop vaccines for any specific virus during an epidemic or pandemic (which was the mainstream approach taken for the coronavirus during the SARS pandemic of 2002-2003) is completely unrealistic, because of the lead times required for vaccine development, efficacy testing, credible mid-and long-term safety testing, and implementation.
Those who succumbed during the SARS pandemic had 1) myriad co-morbidities and 2) weakened immune systems unable to neutralize the SARS coronavirus. Having a strong immune system that allowed a smooth transition from innate immune system operation to adaptive immune system operation was the one intrinsic defense that worked! The SARS experience showed that the best and most realistic approach for defense against any potential viral attack is reversing immune-degrading lifestyles well before any pandemic or epidemic outbreaks. In that case, the immune system would be sufficiently strong to be able to handle viral exposure on its own without the emergence of serious symptoms, as was the case with those exposed to the SARS coronavirus (with coronavirus antibodies in their serum) who exhibited no (or minimal) symptoms.
This gets to the link between wireless radiation exposure and the latest coronavirus pandemic. To the degree that non-ionizing radiation exposure, superimposed on the myriad toxic stimuli to which many people are exposed by choice or imposition, degrades the operation of the innate and adaptive immune systems, it would increase the likelihood that the immune system could not counteract the exposure to the coronavirus (or any virus) as nature intended. Thus, it would contribute to the exacerbation of adverse effects from coronavirus exposure. The bottom line is that exposures to essentially ALL the exogenous immune-damaging toxic stimuli (including, but not limited to, wireless radiation) need to be removed before resistance to viral exposures of any type can be improved substantially.

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ES-12. Adverse Effects of Wireless Radiation in Automotive Sector
The modern automobile is a powerful source of wireless radiation at myriad frequencies, and is subject to external wireless radiation at myriad frequencies as well. The trend has not been to reduce these sources, but rather to add equipment both to the vehicle and to the external environment that will substantially increase the wireless radiation flux associated with the vehicle. The numbers and types of sources are not well-known, even among those experts and laymen concerned about adverse effects from wireless radiation.
An interesting diagram (and narrative) showing radars and other wireless sensors in modern cars can be found at the following link: (http://www.radiationdangers.com/automotiveradiation/automotive-radiation/). I would recommend the reader study that diagram in detail, to better appreciate how ubiquitous are these sources of wireless radiation. Not all the wireless radiation enters the cabin, since some/much is outward-directed, but some/much of it will enter the cabins of other cars on the road.
However, that diagram tells only part of the story. Assume there is a car pool commuting to work from the suburbs of a major city. It is not uncommon (in today's world) for a one-way trip to take from one-two hours, or more. Even in a regular car, or mid-size SUV, there might be four or so passengers. They may be using cell phones, WiFi, or both, thereby adding to the radiation from the automotive-based sensors/transmitters.
There will be cell towers lining the sides of a major highway, thereby increasing the radiation to the occupants substantially. Depending on conditions, there may be substantial air pollution to which the occupants are exposed. Additionally, the prolonged sitting is very dangerous, and is a contributing factor to many serious diseases. If the vehicle is new, there may be substantial out-gassing of toxic chemicals from the interior materials. Combined exposure to the wireless radiation, air pollution and other toxic substances, coupled with prolonged sitting and continual impacts from the car's motions, produces a synergistic effect that substantially exacerbates adverse impacts from any of the constituent components.

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Chapter 1 ­ Unethical Research
1A. Monograph Overview
We are in the midst of the largest unethical medical experiment in human history. This experiment is the implementation and operation of a global wireless network for communications, surveillance, and other purposes. It is a medical experiment because we do not know the full extent of the adverse health effects that will result from this wireless network implementation and operation. It is an unethical medical experiment because it violates the key ethical medical experiment requirement of `informed consent' from the participants.
The current chapter provides 1) some background on the requirements for ethical medical research/experimentation and 2) examples of how those requirements have been violated in the past century. It places wireless radiation implementation and operation in the context of these other examples of unethical medical experiments.
Chapter 2 presents a detailed description of some of the adverse health effects of wireless radiation as reported in the unclassified open literature. Even though the adverse health effects of wireless radiation reported over the past seventy+ years span the range of severity from discomfort to lethality, we do not know the full extent of adverse health effects from this technology because:
Most laboratory experiments aimed at identifying wireless radiation health effects bear no relation to real-life exposures, and are performed under the most benign conditions of
· single stressors (wireless radiation only) · no pulsing and modulation of the carrier signal · no synergistic effects of other toxic stimuli acting in concert with the wireless radiation
These experimental deficiencies are compounded by
· lack of access to the global classified literature on adverse health effects from wireless radiation
· lack of knowledge of proprietary basic and advanced studies on adverse health effects from wireless radiation.
As Chapter 2 shows, the adverse wireless radiation health effects that have been identified already from the incomplete literature openly available are massive in scope and magnitude. They support the conclusion that wireless radiation as already implemented is extremely dangerous to human health. It acts as both a promoter/accelerator and initiator of adverse health effects. Addition of the missing elements described above and more wireless radiation infrastructure will exacerbate further the adverse effects from wireless radiation on
· human health directly through contribution to chronic disease and · human health indirectly through degradation of the food chain ecosystem.
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Chapter 3 contains the references for the main text.
Chapter 4 contains eight Appendices:
· Appendix 1 contains examples of unethical medical experiments conducted in the last century, mainly (not entirely) in the USA or under USA auspices;
· Appendix 2 contains a manual taxonomy of the adverse health and biomedical effects component of a representative wireless radiation literature, and is derived in part from the taxonomies in Appendices 3 and 4;
· Appendix 3 contains a taxonomy based on factor analysis of the same representative wireless radiation literature;
· Appendix 4 contains a taxonomy based on text clustering of the same representative wireless radiation literature;
· Appendix 5 shows potential links between wireless radiation exposure and 1) expansion of the opioid crisis and 2) exacerbation of coronavirus pandemic;
· Appendix 6 lists references showing effects of industry funding on research outcomes for myriad (mainly biomedical) research disciplines;
· Appendix 7 overviews the oft-neglected topics of wireless radiation adverse effects on regions containing medical implants (e.g., pacemakers, defibrillators, cochlear implants, dental implants, bone pins, plates, etc) and appendages (e.g., metal eyeglasses, earrings, metal jewelry, etc), as well as other micro/nano exogenous implant analogues;
· Appendix 8 describes adverse effects of automotive-based wireless radiation.

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1B. Unethical Research
1B1. Broad Definition
There are myriad definitions for 'unethical' research (e.g., http://icahn.mssm.edu/aboutus/services-and-resources/faculty-resources/handbooks-and-policies/faculty-handbook/researchenvironment/research-integrity; https://oprs.usc.edu/training/booklets/; https://history.nih.gov/about/timelines_laws_human.html).
These definitions of 'unethical' research encompass a broad spectrum of actions. Much reporting of 'unethical' medical research in myriad media tends to focus on one aspect only: biomedical experiments performed on subjects who did not give 'informed consent'. The classic example reflects the experiments performed on concentration camp inmates by the Nazi-regime doctors during WWII, and the lesser-known experiments performed by their Japanese counterparts during WWII. These experiments were certainly horrific, but not unique. The test subjects in these experiments were neither informed about the nature and consequences of these experiments, nor did they give consent.
1B2. Informed Consent
A comprehensive discussion of the importance of `informed consent' in medical experimentation was presented in a journal Special Issue [Goodwin, 2016]. An excellent overview and rationale for informed consent in human experiments is shown in the following box (obtained from a booklet titled Informed Consent in Human Subjects Research), prepared by the Office for Protection of Research Subjects, University of Southern California (https://oprs.usc.edu/training/booklets/).
Informed Consent is a voluntary agreement to participate in research. It is not merely a form that is signed but is a process, in which the subject has an understanding of the research and its risks. Informed consent is essential before enrolling a participant and ongoing once enrolled. Informed Consent must be obtained for all types of human subjects' research including; diagnostic, therapeutic, interventional, social and behavioral studies, and for research conducted domestically or abroad. Obtaining consent involves informing the subject about his or her rights, the purpose of the study, the procedures to be undergone, and the potential risks and benefits of participation. Subjects in the study must participate willingly. Vulnerable populations (i.e. prisoners, children, pregnant women, etc.) must receive extra protections. The legal rights of subjects may not be waived and subjects may not be asked to release or appear to release the investigator, the sponsor, the institution or its agents from liability for negligence.

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There are three important concepts in this definition: research, informed, and consent.
Research What is a research experiment? According to myriad Web sources, an experiment is a set
of actions undertaken to
· make a discovery or · test a hypothesis or · demonstrate a known fact.
The first two of these can be classified as research experiments, and the third is a demonstration experiment. A further breakdown would be informative. There are proactive experiments, where established rules and procedures (the scientific approach) are used to plan, conduct, and report the experiment. There are reactive experiments, where the experiment is secondary to higher priority actions, and consequently is conducted and reported under more constrained conditions. The proactive experiments can be viewed generally as explicit or `a priori', and the reactive experiments can be viewed generally as implicit or `a posteriori'.
Where does wireless technology implementation and operation fit in this research experiment categorization? Wireless technology implementation has two major characteristics: development and operation of a technology to achieve targeted technical goals (explicit), and conduct of an experiment that may result in serious adverse health impacts (implicit). Of interest in the current document is the experiment (implicit) component.
Identification of wireless radiation health effects will result from both proactive and reactive experiments. The proactive experiments are (mainly) the thousands of laboratory-based studies (performed to estimate wireless radiation health impacts) that have been reported in the biomedical literature. The reactive experiments are (mainly) those studies that have been done after the previous generations of mobile networking technologies have been implemented (usually epidemiology), and those studies that will be done after 5G is implemented.
Thus, 5G implementation can be viewed mainly as an implicit reactive research experiment with respect to identifying myriad adverse health effects on the exposed population. It will also have a demonstration component, confirming thousands of pre-5G research studies that have shown adverse health effects from wireless radiation in 5G and non-5G frequency ranges. Because these studies tend to under-estimate real-life effects of wireless radiation, the full scope of adverse health effects from 5G operation under real-life conditions are currently unknown. Ascertainment of these adverse health effects will require `a posteriori' reactive research experiments after 5G implementation, under today's 5G implementation scenario. A major concern, especially in the current environment of accelerating 5G implementation, is that serious longer-term latent health effects will be discovered only after 5G has been fully implemented.

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Informed There is much information available in the open literature detailing the adverse health
effects of wireless radiation. These adverse effects reflect the role of wireless radiation both as a promotor/accelerator and/or initiator of myriad biomedical abnormalities and serious diseases. However, the vast public is not informed (or is misinformed) of these adverse health effects by the:
· developers of wireless radiation systems, · vendors of these systems, · mainstream media · government regulators of these systems, and · Federal, State, and Local politicians who pass laws that accelerate implementation of
these systems.
These stakeholders 1) do not inform the public of the demonstrated adverse effects of wireless radiation and, in many cases, 2) misinform the public that wireless radiation is safe from a health perspective.
Consent Many segments of the public do provide consent to be exposed to wireless radiation,
because of its perceived benefits to them. A small amount of this consent may be informed, and the providers of this consent may be gambling that they can escape the adverse health effects. Most of the consent is probably not informed, since most people will not do the independent research required to gather in the relevant information on adverse health effects, but will rely on the government's and mainstream media's misleading assurances that wireless radiation is safe.
However, other segments of the public do not provide consent to be exposed to wireless radiation from these implemented technologies. Unlike other forms of toxic stimuli (e.g., cigarettes, cocaine, alcohol, etc), where exposures may be individual or very local, wireless radiation exposure is very large in extent. With the advent of the latest generation of wireless radiation (5G), there may be 1) small cell towers erected outside of every few houses, with the consequent radiation blanketing the environment, and 2) thousands of satellites blanketing the Earth's surface with wireless radiation. There are Federal laws that essentially prevent opposition to construction and operation of these small cell towers, and prevent opposition to the launching and operation of these satellites. Forcing exposure to this harmful wireless radiation on members of the public who do not provide consent is the cornerstone of wireless radiation implementation and operation being labeled unethical medical experimentation.
Its context differs from some other technologies with serious adverse effects, such as automotive technology and cigarette smoking. For the most part, users of these other technologies have been informed about potential serious consequences, and non-users are impacted minimally (at least today). Those users are able to make a more informed choice.
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1B3. Examples of Unethical Medical Experimentation
Many books and articles have been written concerning horrific medical experiments (that were performed in the USA over the past century) without obtaining `informed consent' from the test subjects. These books describe a wide spectrum of experiments. Individual readers could have different opinions on whether any of the individual experiments reported are more or less 'unethical' than those in the Nazi concentration camps, or whether they are 'unethical' at all. Appendix 1 contains references to books and journal articles that describe some of these experiments (mainly, but not entirely, conducted in the USA or under USA auspices), based on Medline searches and Web sources. Like most research of this type, the conduct of the experiments and the experimental results are not advertised widely. I was not aware of most of these experiments prior to conducting the analysis on under-reporting of adverse events in my 2015 eBook "Pervasive Causes of Disease" [Kostoff, 2015].
The experiments reported in Appendix 1 cover the full spectrum of toxic stimuli, including biological, chemical, and nuclear. These are the three types of toxic stimuli that constitute the core of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Interestingly, with all of the USA's concern about potential WMD attacks from Russia, China, Iran, and North Korea, we have completely overlooked the ongoing and exponentially increasing WMD attack on the Homeland that has been occurring for at least two decades: 24/7 spewing of harmful wireless radiation in almost every corner of the USA, with far more to come if 5G is implemented!
The copious references identified in Appendix 1 are not the result of an exhaustive search; they were obtained after a very brief survey. There are undoubtedly many other examples (of 'unethical' medical experiments) published already that were missed by the survey. Given the odious nature of these experiments, there are probably far more experiments whose disclosure has not yet seen the light of day. As shown in the tobacco and asbestos examples in section 9C of Kostoff [2015], most of this information comes to light either from 1) whistleblowers or 2) 'discovery' resulting from lawsuits. In addition, some investigators may stumble across evidence of this type of 'unethical' research while doing relatively unrelated types of investigations.
Documentation of many types of 'unethical' medical experiments may:
· not have been done, or · have been done and destroyed, or · have been done but distorted to protect the miscreants.
This is why retrospective analysis of this type of 'research', which in many cases relies heavily on the printed word as 'proof', may be highly under-reflective of the full spectrum of what was actually done in these experiments (e.g., Stephen Kinzer's description of the records destroyed by the Head of the CIA's MK-Ultra program https://www.c-span.org/video/?464648-1/poisonerchief).

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While there are many stages of the medical research process that could be subjected to 'unethical' practices (e.g., those outlined in Chapter 9 of Kostoff [2015], including selection of the most important research problems for funding, conducting the research, disseminating the results of the research, etc), conducting the medical research experiments 'unethically' has received the most attention by far. The references in Appendix 1, and additional books and journal and magazine articles on unethical medical research experiments, are testimony to this imbalance.
Books and articles only tell part of the larger story. A more representative reporting on the damage from any type of 'unethical' medical research would reflect the pain, suffering, and premature mortality resulting from the medical research experimentation. A simple estimate of the experiment's damage could be obtained by integrating the number of people affected by the 'unethical' medical experimentation and the degree of damage experienced by each person. This could be viewed as a `weighted' impact of the adverse effects of the unethical medical experimentation.
In the most widely reported examples of 'unethical' medical research (the medical experiments performed in the Nazi concentration camps during WWII), perhaps a few thousand prisoners were involved; it is difficult to find accurate information for actual numbers of prisoners involved. Further, it is difficult to separate out the 1) many thousands of German citizens subjected to forced sterilization procedures starting in 1933 and 2) many deliberately exterminated in the concentration camps, from 3) those who suffered from the medical experiments in the camps and died as a result of the experiments alone.
In the references in Appendix 1
· some of the `unethical' medical experiments described involved under a hundred test subjects,
· many of the 'unethical' medical experiments described tended to involve on the order of hundreds of test subjects (who did not provide 'informed consent'), and
· in some rarer cases, perhaps thousands of test subjects were involved.
Many of these experiments, in parallel with the spirit of the Nazi concentration camp experiments, involved people confined in large institutions who were (usually) not told the full story of the nature of the experiments, or, if they were told, either did not 1) understand it or 2) give 'informed consent'. These people were confined in prisons, the military service, mental institutions, children's institutions, etc.
How do the above odious procedures in these references differ conceptually from the recent trend toward government effectively promoting/mandating implementation of wireless radiation infrastructure whose safety has not been demonstrated, but (a fraction of) whose adverse health effects have been widely demonstrated?

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Based on what has been reported in the experiments referenced in Appendix 1 (which could in fact be the tip of a much larger unreported iceberg), perhaps on the order of 10,00030,000 people may have been subjected to `unethical' medical experiments in the past century (excluding those who unwittingly participated in clinical trials that were "off-shored" to (typically) developing countries with knowingly less stringent test subject protections [Kostoff, 2015, section 9D3]). A few thousand of these test subjects would have died prematurely, and most would have suffered unnecessarily. These, of course, are horrific numbers. Unfortunately, they pale in comparison to what can be expected if wireless radiation infrastructure is expanded domestically and globally to satisfy the requirements of 5G. The following box shows one estimate of potential adverse effects from wireless radiation.
One of the many adverse health effects of wireless radiation is cancer of the brain, especially gliomas. What approximate increases in glioma incidence can be expected from widespread expansion of wireless radiation?
There are different estimates of glioma incidence and trends in glioma incidence. For an approximate estimate, Rasmussen et al [2017] estimates the glioma incidence in the Danish population at about 7/100,000, a figure in line with other national and global estimates. Additionally, Phillips et al [2018] presents evidence of a 100% increase in Glioblastoma Multiforme from 1995-2015, a major component of glioma. Some of this increase may have been due to wireless radiation exposure, since that time period was associated with a major expansion of cell phone and other wireless device use. For approximate estimation purposes, assume the wireless-free glioma incidence to be about 5/100,000.
Hardell et al [2011] showed, in a case-controlled study, that glioma incidence doubled for those who starting using cell phones as adults (>20 years old), were `heavy' users (>30 minutes per day), and used cell phones for more than ten years. Hardell also showed glioma incidence quadrupled for those who started using cell phones younger than twenty years old, were heavy users, and used cell phones for more than ten years.
If we apply Hardell's conservative doubling estimate to all potential users, then we can expect an increased glioma incidence per year of about 5/100,000. By the time 5G is rolled out, the global population will be at least eight billion. If we assume ¾ of the global population will be cell phone users and/or exposed to cell towers and other sources of wireless radiation, then about six billion people would be the pool for potential glioma victims from wireless radiation. Multiplying 5/100,000 by 6,000,000,000 yields 300,000 new cases of glioma/year.

In one year, the deaths from glioma alone attributed to wireless radiation will swamp all the deaths from all the horrific unethical medical experiments of the twentieth century referenced in Appendix 1!
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This number was obtained using the most conservative estimates of Hardell and the incidence data, and it didn't take into account the increase in glioma incidence that would be expected as latency times increase. For smoking, the average latency period between initiation of smoking and lung cancer is between twenty and thirty years, depending on which database was examined. The fact that glioma incidence shows measurable increases after only a tenyear latency period should be most disturbing, and does not bode well for glioma incidences after a twenty, thirty, or forty-year latency!
Again, glioma is but one of the large numbers of adverse health effects potentially resulting from exposure to wireless radiation. Integrating over all the adverse health effects potentially resulting from the wireless radiation experiment would yield numbers of experiment-based premature deaths and enhanced suffering unparalleled in human history!

Given the magnitude of 5G projected global implementation, the numbers of people that will be exposed to this radiation, the numbers of people expected to suffer myriad adverse effects from this technology, and the lack of credible `informed consent' from the vast majority of these people, we are well justified in calling global implementation of mobile networking technology The Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History!
Finally, in the spirit of the `unethical' medical experiments referenced in Appendix 1,
it is the poor and dispossessed who will suffer the most from wireless radiation exposure.
This is because wireless radiation plays a dual role of initiator and promoter/accelerator of serious disease, as will be shown in the next chapter. In its promoter/accelerator role, it can accelerate the progression of existing serious diseases such as cancer, and/or, through synergy, can produce serious adverse health effects when combined with other toxic stimuli that neither constituent of the combination could produce in isolation.
Many toxic stimuli, such as harsh chemicals, biotoxins, ionizing radiation sources, vibrating machinery, prolonged sitting doing repetitive tasks, high air pollution, etc, are used/experienced by the poorest members of society in their occupations, and many toxic stimuli, such as air pollutants, toxic wastes, etc, are very prevalent in their residential environments. Thus, people who spray pesticides in farm labor or household applications, people who do cleaning with harsh chemicals, people who dispose of hazardous materials, basically, people who do the dirty work in our society and live in dirty environments, are already leading candidates for higher risk of serious diseases. Adding a wireless radiation promoter/accelerator to their residential and occupational environments will radically increase their chances for developing serious diseases. Closing the `digital divide' for them will translate to increased suffering and reduced longevity!

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Chapter 2 ­ Adverse Impacts of Wireless Radiation
2A. Overview
Wireless communications have been expanding globally at an exponential rate. The latest imbedded version of mobile networking technology is called 4G (fourth generation), and the next generation (5G) is in the early implementation stage. Neither 4G nor 5G have been tested for safety in any credible real-life scenarios. The current chapter assesses the medical and biological studies that have been performed and then published in the biomedical literature, and shows why they are deficient relative to identifying adverse health and safety effects.
However, even in the absence of the missing real-life components (which tend to exacerbate the adverse effects of the wireless radiation shown in the biomedical literature), the published literature shows there is much valid reason for concern about potential adverse health effects from both 4G and 5G technology. The studies reported in the literature should be viewed as extremely conservative, underestimating the adverse impacts substantially.
2A1. The Context of Wireless Radiation Health and Safety Research
Before addressing the technical and biological details of wireless radiation health and safety research shown in the published literature, the context in which this literature has been generated will be discussed.
The results shown in the literature cannot be separated from the context in which this research has been sponsored, conducted, and disseminated!
In the USA (and in most, if not all, countries), the two major sponsors of wireless radiation health and safety research are the Federal government and the wireless radiation industry, in that order. Both of these organizations have a strong intrinsic conflict-of-interest with respect to wireless radiation.
2A1a. Intrinsic Federal government wireless radiation conflict-of-interest
The Federal government is a strong promoter of wireless radiation infrastructure development and rapid expansion, most recently supporting accelerated implementation of 5G infrastructure. Every
· Congressional evaluation of 5G I have heard (or read), · Congressperson's statement on 5G I have heard (or read), · Presidential proclamation on 5G I have heard (or read), and · FCC proclamation on 5G I have heard (or read),
has unabashedly supported the most accelerated implementation of 5G infrastructure.

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The Federal government that promotes accelerated implementation of wireless radiation technology also 1) sponsors research examining the technology's potential adverse effects and 2) regulates the technology's potentially adverse impacts on the public. The fact that these development, regulation, and safety functions may be assigned to different Executive Agencies within the Federal government is irrelevant from an independence perspective. The separate Executive Agencies in the Federal government are like the tentacles of an Octopus; they operate synchronously under one central command.
The wireless promoters' main objectives of developing and implementing the technology rapidly are enabled by suppressing knowledge (to the public) of potential adverse effects from the technology's operation. These fundamental conflicts impact the objectivity of the health and safety R&D sponsors and performers. Any Federal research sponsor of wireless radiation technology safety would be highly conflicted between 1) a desire to satisfy Executive and Legislative objectives of accelerating expansion of wireless radiation technology and implementation and 2) sponsoring objective research focused on identifying and reporting adverse effects of wireless radiation expected under real-life conditions. Likewise, any sponsored research performer addressing wireless radiation technology safety would be highly conflicted between 1) reporting the actual adverse effects expected under real-life conditions and 2) the desire to satisfy wireless radiation promotional objectives of the research sponsors in order to maintain long-range funding.

2A1b. Intrinsic wireless radiation industry conflict-of-interest
The wireless radiation industry is obviously a strong promoter of accelerated development and implementation of wireless radiation devices and infrastructure, and is a sponsor of wireless radiation and safety research. Trillions of dollars in revenues are potentially at stake in successful promotion and adoption of wireless radiation infrastructure and technology! The industry's conflicts with respect to promotion and safety research are similar to those of the Federal government listed above.
The wireless industry's role in suppressing information about the adverse impacts of wireless radiation was described eloquently in a 2018 Nation article (https://www.thenation.com/article/how-big-wireless-made-us-think-that-cell-phones-are-safe-aspecial-investigation/). As this exposé shows, studies on health effects were commissioned by the wireless radiation industry in the 1990s under the management of Dr. George Carlo. The adverse effects shown were downgraded and suppressed, in the spirit of similar suppression by the tobacco and fossil energy industries, as stated in the Nation article:

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"Carlo's story underscores the need for caution, however, particularly since it evokes eerie parallels with two of the most notorious cases of corporate deception on record: the campaigns by the tobacco and fossil-fuel industries to obscure the dangers of smoking and climate change, respectively. Just as tobacco executives were privately told by their own scientists (in the 1960s) that smoking was deadly, and fossil-fuel executives were privately told by their own scientists (in the 1980s) that burning oil, gas, and coal would cause a "catastrophic" temperature rise, so Carlo's testimony reveals that wireless executives were privately told by their own scientists (in the 1990s) that cell phones could cause cancer and genetic damage.....Like their tobacco and fossil-fuel brethren, wireless executives have chosen not to publicize what their own scientists have said about the risks of their products. On the contrary, the industry--in America, Europe, and Asia--has spent untold millions of dollars in the past 25 years proclaiming that science is on its side, that the critics are quacks, and that consumers have nothing to fear. This, even as the industry has worked behind the scenes--again like its Big Tobacco counterpart--to deliberately addict its customers. Just as cigarette companies added nicotine to hook smokers, so have wireless companies designed cell phones to deliver a jolt of dopamine with each swipe of the screen."

While the wireless radiation industry doesn't play a formal role in regulating the safety aspects of wireless radiation, it plays a strong de facto role. In addition to its lobbying efforts to minimize regulations on wireless radiation exposure levels, it plays a revolving-door role with respect to regulation.
The previous FCC Chairman had been President of the National Cable & Telecommunications Association (NCTA) and CEO of the Cellular Telecommunications & Internet Association (CTIA) before assuming his FCC Chairmanship. In recognition of his work in promoting the wireless industry, he was inducted into the Wireless Hall of Fame in 2003 and in 2009 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Wheeler). The present FCC Chairman served as Associate General Counsel at Verizon Communications Inc., where he handled competition matters, regulatory issues, and counseling of business units on broadband initiatives (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajit_Pai#cite_note-Bio-2). As is the case with so many other Federal regulatory agencies [Kostoff, 2015-Chapter 9; 2016], the FCC is essentially an agency captured by industry [Alster, 2015]!
So, in the two most recent Administrations, under two supposedly very different Presidents, the FCC Chairmen had been, in different ways, lobbyists for the wireless radiation technology industry. Both were (and are) extremely ardent promoters of the most rapid acceleration of implementation of 5G infrastructure and associated devices and technologies.

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2A1c. Relation of wireless radiation health and safety research to sponsors' and performers' conflicts-of-interest
The incentives for sponsors of wireless radiation health and safety research to fund studies that will help promote accelerated expansion of wireless radiation devices and infrastructure are many and the disincentives are essentially non-existent. Likewise, incentives for performers of wireless radiation health and safety research to conduct studies that will help promote accelerated expansion of wireless radiation devices and infrastructure are many and the disincentives are few. Because of this unfortunate reality,
EVERY wireless radiation health and safety study/experiment whose results support the wireless radiation promotion objectives of the organization(s) that sponsor these studies must receive the highest level of scrutiny.

There is not a credibility symmetry between studies whose results 1) support the promotional objectives of their sponsors or 2) do not support the promotional objectives of their sponsors. For studies/experiments of equally high research/scientific quality, those studies that do not support the promotional objectives of their sponsors should be assigned relatively higher credibility priority than those that do support the promotional objectives of their sponsors. This should not be interpreted as a lack of absolute credibility for studies that support the promotional objectives of their sponsors. Many may very well be credible, as discussed further in section 2F.
However, research findings opposing the promotional objectives of the sponsors may result in termination of further funding for the project, and adverse career and financial consequences for the performer(s). Conversely, research findings supporting the promotional objectives of the sponsors will most likely lead to continued and enhanced funding for the project, and very positive career and financial impacts for the performer(s). Therefore, high quality research studies whose results could impose serious career and financial risks for their performers should rank higher in the credibility chain.
These conflicts-of-interest of researchers who accept funding from wireless radiation promoters extend well beyond the papers and studies they publish. This category of wireless radiation researchers tends to populate the Advisory Committees that help set the exposure safety studies imposed by government regulatory agencies. Hardell has done a comprehensive evaluation of some of the more influential Advisory Committees [Hardell, 2017], especially ICNIRP and WHO, and has shown clearly the inter-locking linkages among these proxies of the wireless radiation promoters.

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Operationally, the wireless radiation regulatory commissions, their advisory committees, their health and safety research sponsors, and some of the researchers sponsored by the wireless radiation promoters, along with the mainstream media, serve as the de facto marketing arm of the wireless radiation promoters, in their attempts to mislead the public into believing wireless radiation under present day exposure limits is safe!

2A1d. Relation of wireless radiation health and safety research to publishers' conflicts-ofinterest
Some journal publishers of articles concerning health and safety effects of wireless radiation have similar conflicts of interest. Many journals are not independent from government or industry sponsorship, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly. This conflict-of-interest is addressed further in section 2F. These journals control the review process by which articles are selected for publication, and it is extremely easy for a journal to select articles for publication that will align strongly with the promotional interests of the organizations or people that contribute to their revenue stream. These direct or indirect journal sponsors include:
· Promotional organizations that contribute directly to the journals; · Promotional organizations that contribute directly to professional societies that sponsor
many of the `leading' journals; · Individuals who receive funding from industrial or governmental organizations
promoting wireless radiation technology and who o contribute directly to the journals and/or o contribute to professional societies that sponsor many of the `leading' journals
Anyone who has read thousands of wireless radiation journal article abstracts on health and safety would have little problem in identifying those journals that rarely publish results opposing the promotional objectives of government and industry (see Slesin [2006] for allegations of possible bias in one journal's publication patterns of microwave-induced genotoxic results). Equally, they would have little problem in identifying those authors or author institutions that even more rarely publish results opposing the promotional objectives of government and industry. If we take into account the credibility asymmetry between studies whose results 1) support the promotional objectives of their sponsors or 2) do not support the promotional objectives of their sponsors, then a much different picture of the wireless radiation health and safety research literature emerges. Many of the so-called conflicting results disappear when credibility weightings are applied, and the true serious adverse effects resulting from this harmful technology are shown in detail. The reader should keep this credibility asymmetry in mind when evaluating the myriad adverse health effects shown in sections 2D and 2E.

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2B. Wireless Radiation/Electromagnetic Spectrum
This section overviews the electromagnetic spectrum, and delineates the parts of the spectrum on which this monograph will focus. The electromagnetic spectrum encompasses the entire span of electromagnetic radiation. The spectrum includes: ionizing radiation (gamma rays, x-rays, and the extreme ultraviolet, with wavelengths below ~10-7 m and frequencies above ~3x1015 Hz); non-ionizing visible radiation (wavelengths from ~4x10-7 m to ~7x10-7 m and frequencies between ~4.2x1014 Hz and ~7.7x1014 Hz); non-ionizing non-visible radiation (short wavelength radio waves and microwaves, with wavelengths between ~10-3 m and ~105 m and frequencies between ~3x1011 to ~3x103 Hz; long wavelengths, ranging between ~105 m and ~108 m and frequencies ranging between 3x103 and 3 Hz).
The low frequencies (3 Hz­300 KHz) are used for electrical power line transmission (60 Hz in the U.S.) as well as maritime and submarine navigation and communications. Medium frequencies (300 KHz­900 MHz) are used for AM/FM/TV broadcasts in North America. Lower microwave frequencies (900 MHz­5 GHz) are used for telecommunications such as microwave devices/communications, radio astronomy, mobile/cell phones, and wireless LANs. Higher microwave frequencies (5 GHz­ 300GHz) are used for radar and proposed for microwave WiFi, and will be used for `high-band' 5G communications. Terahertz frequencies (300 GHz­3000 GHz) are used increasingly for imaging to supplement X-rays in some medical and security scanning applications [Kostoff and Lau, 2017; Kostoff, 2019a; Kostoff et al, 2020].
In the study of non-ionizing EMF radiation health effects reported in this monograph, the frequency spectrum ranging from 3 Hz to 300 GHz is covered, with particular emphasis on the high frequency communications component ranging from ~1 GHz to ~300 GHz. A previous review found that pulsed electromagnetic fields applied for relatively short periods of time could sometimes be used for therapeutic purposes, whereas chronic exposure to electromagnetic fields in the power frequency range (~60 Hz) and microwave frequency range (~1 GHz-tens GHz) tended to result in detrimental health effects [Kostoff and Lau, 2013, 2017]. Because of present concerns about the rapid expansion of new communications systems without adequate safety testing, more emphasis will be placed on the communications frequencies in this monograph.
2C. Modern Non-Ionizing EMF Radiation Exposures
In ancient times, sunlight and its lunar reflections provided the bulk of the visible spectrum for human beings (with fire a distant second and lightning a more distant third). Now, many varieties of artificial light (incandescent, fluorescent, and light emitting diode) have replaced the sun as the main supplier of visible radiation during waking hours. Additionally, EMF radiation from other parts of the non-ionizing spectrum has become ubiquitous in daily life, such as from wireless computing and telecommunications. In the last two or three decades, the explosive growth in the cellular telephone industry has placed many residences in metropolitan areas within less than a mile of a cell tower. Future implementation of the next generation of mobile networking technology, 5G, will increase the cell tower geographical densities by an
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order of magnitude. Health concerns have been raised about non-ionizing EMF radiation from (1) mobile communication devices, (2) occupational exposure, (3) residential exposure, (4) wireless networks in homes, businesses, and schools, and (5) other non-ionizing EMF radiation sources such as `smart meters' and `Internet of Things'.
2D. Demonstrated Biological and Health Effects from Prior Generations of Wireless Networking Technology
2D1. Limitations of Previous Wireless Radiation Health Effects Studies
There have been two major types of studies performed to ascertain biological and health effects of non-ionizing radiation: laboratory and epidemiology. The laboratory tests provide the best scientific understanding of the effects of wireless radiation, but do not reflect the real-life operating environment in which wireless radiation is embedded. There are three main reasons that laboratory tests do not reflect real-life exposure conditions for human beings.
First, the laboratory tests have been performed mainly on animals, especially rats and mice. Because of physiological differences, there have been continual concerns about extrapolating small animal results to human beings. Additionally, while inhaled or ingested substances can be scaled from small animals to human beings relatively straight-forwardly, radiation may be more problematical. For non-ionizing radiation, penetration depth is a function of frequency, tissue, and other parameters, and radiation of a given wavelength could penetrate much deeper into the (small) animal's interior than similar wavelength radiation in humans. Different organs and tissues would be affected, with different power densities.
Second, the typical incoming EMF signal for many/most laboratory tests performed in the past consisted of the single carrier wave frequency; the lower frequency superimposed signal containing the information was not always included. This omission may be important. As Panagopoulos states: "It is important to note that except for the RF/microwave carrier frequency, Extremely Low Frequencies ­ ELFs (0­3000Hz) are always present in all telecommunication EMFs in the form of pulsing and modulation. There is significant evidence indicating that the effects of telecommunication EMFs on living organisms are mainly due to the included ELFs.... While 50% of the studies employing simulated exposures do not find any effects, studies employing real-life exposures from commercially available devices display an almost 100% consistency in showing adverse effects". [Panogopoulos, 2019]. These effects may be exacerbated further with 5G: "with every new generation of telecommunication devices.....the amount of information transmitted each moment.....is increased, resulting in higher variability and complexity of the signals with the living cells/ organisms even more unable to adapt [Panogopoulos, 2019]"

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Third, these laboratory tests typically involved one stressor (wireless radiation) and were performed under pristine conditions. This contradicts real-life exposures, where humans are exposed to multiple toxic stimuli, in parallel or over time. In perhaps five percent of the wireless radiation studies reported in the literature, a second stressor (mainly biological or chemical toxic stimuli) was added, to ascertain whether additive, synergistic, potentiative, or antagonistic effects were generated by the combination [Kostoff and Lau, 2013, 2017; Juutilainin et al, 2008; Juutilainin et al, 2006].
Combination experiments are extremely important because, when other toxic stimuli are considered in combination with non-ionizing EMF radiation, the synergies tend to enhance the adverse effects of each stimulus in isolation. In other words, combined exposure to 1) toxic stimuli and 2) non-ionizing EMF radiation translates into much lower levels of tolerance for each toxic stimulus in the combination relative to its exposure levels that produce adverse effects in isolation. So, the regulatory exposure limits for non-ionizing EMF radiation when examined in combination with other potentially toxic stimuli should be far lower for safety purposes than those derived from non-ionizing EMF radiation exposures in isolation [Kostoff et al, 2020].
Thus, almost all of the laboratory tests that have been performed are flawed with respect to demonstrating the full adverse impact of the wireless radiation. Either 1) non-inclusion of signal information or 2) using single stressors only 3) tends to underestimate the seriousness of the adverse effects from non-ionizing radiation. Excluding both of these phenomena from experiments, as was done in the vast majority of cases, tends to amplify this underestimation substantially. Therefore, the results (of adverse effects from wireless radiation exposure) reported in the biomedical literature should be viewed as 1) extremely conservative and 2) the very low `floor' of the seriousness of the adverse effects, not the `ceiling'.
The epidemiology studies typically involved human beings who had been subjected to myriad known and unknown stressors prior to (and during) the study. The wireless radiation exposure levels from e.g. the cell tower studies reported in Kostoff and Lau [2017] associated with increased cancer incidence tended to be orders of magnitude lower than e.g. those exposure levels generated in the recent highly-funded NTP studies [Melnick, 2019] and other laboratory studies associated with increased cancer incidence. The inclusion of real-world effects in the cell tower studies most likely accounted for the orders of magnitude wireless radiation exposure level decreases that were associated with the initiation of increased cancer incidence.
Thus, the laboratory tests were conducted under very controlled conditions not reflective of the real-world, while the epidemiology studies were performed in the presence of many stressors, known and unknown, reflective of the real-world. The exposure levels of the epidemiology studies were, for the most part, uncontrolled.

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2D2. Adverse Health Effects Identified in Major Review Studies
Many thousands of papers have been published over the past sixty+ years showing adverse effects from wireless radiation applied in isolation or as part of a combination with other toxic stimuli. Extensive reviews of these wireless radiation biological and health effects have been published, including [Belpomme et al, 2018; Desai et al, 2009; Di Ciaula, 2018; Doyon and Johansson, 2017; Havas, 2017; Kaplan et al, 2016; Kostoff and Lau, 2013, 2017; Kostoff et al, 2020; Lerchl et al, 2015; Levitt and Lai, 2010; Miller et al, 2019; Pall, 2016, 2018; Panagopoulos, 2019; Panagopoulos et al, 2015; Russell, 2018; Sage and Burgio, 2018; Van Rongen et al, 2009; Yakymenko et al, 2016; Bioinitiative, 2019].
In aggregate, for the high frequency (radiofrequency-RF) part of the spectrum, these reviews show that RF radiation below the FCC guidelines can result in:
-carcinogenicity (brain tumors/glioma, breast cancer, acoustic neuromas, leukemia, parotid gland tumors),
-genotoxicity (DNA damage, DNA repair inhibition, chromatin structure),
-mutagenicity, teratogenicity,
-neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer's Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis),
-neurobehavioral problems, autism,
-reproductive problems, pregnancy outcomes,
-oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, blood-brain barrier disruption,
-pineal gland/melatonin production, sleep disturbance, headache,
-irritability, fatigue, concentration difficulties, depression, dizziness, tinnitus,
-burning and flushed skin, digestive disturbance, tremor, cardiac irregularities, and can
-adversely impact the neural, circulatory, immune, endocrine, and skeletal systems.
The effects range from myriad feelings of discomfort to life-threatening diseases. From this perspective, RF exposure is a highly pervasive cause of disease!

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2D3. Adverse Health Effects from Open Literature Analysis
2D3a. Overview
To corroborate the findings from the major review studies of the previous section, an analysis of a representative sample of the wireless radiation adverse health effects literature was performed. A relatively simple query was used to retrieve records related to adverse health effects from wireless radiation. Some filtering was done to remove records that did not identify adverse health effects, but because of extensive use of titles (and sometimes abstracts) that discuss methodologies rather than results, some/many records were retrieved that did not demonstrate adverse health effects.
In all, 5311 records with abstracts were retrieved from Medline (Pubmed), and these records were categorized by three different methods: manual taxonomy; factor analysis taxonomy; text clustering taxonomy. The three methods and their results will be briefly summarized here, and the more detailed results, including category record titles, will be presented in Appendices 2-4.
2D3b. Manual taxonomy results
Based on the factor analysis (section 2D3c) and text clustering (2D3d) results, as well as reading thousands of abstracts from the full database, a manual taxonomy of adverse health effects from wireless radiation was constructed. Appendix 2 presents this taxonomy (Table A21), and the titles of the records that were assigned to each category in the taxonomy. The record titles give a better appreciation for the contents of each category than the brief category heading.
This manual taxonomy is the most relevant (of the three taxonomies presented) to the main objective of identifying and categorizing specific adverse health effects from wireless technology, since it was not dependent on any algorithm to determine adverse effects categories and received a higher level of title filtering than the other two. Table A2-1 (reproduced in the following) presents the categories in the taxonomy, and a strong condensation of the key phrases 1) used to define the category and 2) link to the record titles shown in Appendix 2. A more detailed manual taxonomy, with orders-of-magnitude more phrases, is shown in Appendix 2.
The adverse effects identified in the manual taxonomy cover those summarized in the comprehensive review analyses described previously, and go well beyond. While all the categories shown are problematical and harmful, the most researched categories with perhaps the most serious adverse effects are cancer/tumors, neurodegenerative diseases, reproduction problems, and genotoxicity. Thus, even confining these results to the non-classified open literature, many of which are based on single stressor experiments that tend to downplay greatly real-life adverse effects, there is more than enough hard evidence that wireless radiation 1) can be extremely harmful in real-life environments, and 2) needs to be subjected to orders-ofmagnitude harsher exposure limitations than is the case today. In Appendix 2, the categories in Table A2-1 are hyperlinked to their respective record title sections.
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Table A2-1 ­ Manual Taxonomy

CATEGORY
Cancer/Tumors
Neurodegenerative

KEY PHRASES cancer, leukemia, glioma, lymphoma, melanoma, Hodgkin's disease, tumor, acoustic neuroma, meningioma
memory, central nervous system, learning, neurodegenerative, Alzheimer's disease, cognition, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, cognitive impairment, seizures, autism

Reproduction Genotoxicity Cardiovascular Immunity Biomarkers
Sensory Disorders

pregnancy, reproductive, sperm, embryos, testicular, fertility, embryo, testosterone, infertility DNA damage, genotoxic, micronuclei, mutagenic, strand breaks, chromatin, mutation, chromosome aberrations, Cardiac, cardiovascular, pacemaker, implanted, Cardiovascular disease, arrhythmia, arterial blood pressure, ventricular fibrillation lymphocytes, immune system, immunity, leukocytes, antibodies, neutrophils, autoimmune, macrophage, apoptosis, oxidative stress, Malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidation, inflammation, oxidation, ornithine decarboxylase, barrier permeability, atrophy, C-reactive protein, oxidative damages auditory, acoustic, hypersensitivity, electromagnetic hypersensitivity, cataract, tinnitus, dermatitis, cataractogenic, pain sensitivity, pain threshold

Discomfort Symptoms Congenital Abnormalities Circadian Rhythym and Melatonin Chronic Conditions

depression, anxiety, headache, dizziness, depressed, vertigo, nausea, low back pain malformations, teratogenic, congenital malformations, cleft palate,
melatonin, sleep, circadian, insomnia, pineal function
metabolism, glucose, endocrine, cholesterol, Diabetes, calcium homeostasis, obesity

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2D3b1. Adverse effects of wireless radiation on food chain
The above taxonomy (and its associated records) focuses on the direct linkage between wireless radiation exposure and biomarkers, symptoms, and diseases. As such, these effects can be viewed as direct effects. Equally important, but usually overlooked in any discussions of adverse effects of wireless radiation, are the indirect effects, especially those on the ecological infrastructure that supports human life.
An analogy to war and conflict may be instructive. When one examines the great wars and battles of human history, especially those that persisted for more than very short periods, the critical role of logistics in determining the outcome becomes obvious. Many wars/battles have been won or lost by the adequacy and timeliness of logistical supplies and support.
The struggle for survival of human life on Earth is similarly dependent on the logistical food supply chain. At the foundation of this supply chain (before the farmers become involved in harvesting its bounty) are the insects, seeds, flora, trees, etc, that enable the bountiful growth of the myriad potential foods. If the integrity of this foundational logistical supply chain is threatened in any way, then both the animals and plant products we consume become unavailable.
There is a substantial literature on the adverse impacts of wireless radiation on this foundational logistical supply chain. These adverse effects are from the pre-5G exposures, and would include enhanced coupling from the higher frequency harmonics. Many of these supply chain elements (e.g., insects, seeds, larvae, etc) are very small, and we could expect enhanced resonance/energy coupling from the shorter-wavelength 5G radiation when implemented. This indirect impact of wireless radiation may turn out to be at least as important (if not more important) as the direct impact of wireless radiation on human survival! At the end of Chapter 3 are a few references showing the harmful effects of wireless radiation on the foundational food supply chain. They are the tip of the iceberg of a much larger literature on adverse effects of wireless radiation on the foundational food supply chain.
From a broader perspective, most of the laboratory experiment component of the wireless radiation adverse effects literature can be viewed as related to the foundational food supply chain. Much of this research is focused on mice, rats, insects, small birds, small fish, etc. These species tend to be prey of larger animals/fowl/fish, and eventually make their way to the human food table. Any environmental factor that affects the health of these species adversely will eventually impacts the humans who are at the end of that chain. In reality, we have accumulated a massive literature describing the adverse impacts of wireless radiation on myriad contributing components to our food supply, and the results do not bode well for our future ability to feed the existing world's population, much less the growing world's population!

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2D3b2. Implants and Appendages
The adverse impacts of wireless radiation on myriad medical implants don't get much discussion in the literature, especially passive implants (defined below), and especially with regard to radiofrequency radiation. A number of articles in the database addressed non-organic implants, which are foreign bodies inserted into humans and animals for medical purposes. Nonorganic implants addressed in the present database are typically not rejected by the immune system like organic foreign substances (although some adjuvants such as metal could induce autoimmune responses [Loyo et al, 2013]). Non-rejection does not mean they are safe, especially from exposure to wireless radiation.
There were two major types of implants covered by the database articles showing adverse effects: active implants that produced electrical signals mainly for controlling heart irregularities (e.g., pacemakers, defibrillators) and hearing deficiencies (e.g., cochlear implants), and passive metallic implants for structural support (e.g., dental implants, bone pins, plates, etc). Additionally, there are articles addressing adverse effects from wireless radiation in the vicinity of metallic appendages (e.g., metallic eyeglasses, metallic jewelry, etc).
The external EMF from microwaves (and other sources) could 1) impact the electrical operation of the active implants adversely, 2) increase the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) values of tissue in the vicinity of the passive implants substantially because of resonance effects, and 3) increase the flow and acidity of saliva in the vicinity of dental structures. While the EMF effects on the cochlear implants could adversely affect auditory capability, EMF effects on the heart-related implants could potentially be life-threatening. The increased SAR values around the passive metal implants could result in increased tissue temperatures, and could adversely impact integration and longevity of the passive metallic implants.
In the mouth, the combination of 1) increased tissue temperatures in proximity to the implant or other orthodontic structures and 2) increased flow rate and acidity of saliva could lead to 3) increased leaching of heavy metals. Exposure to heavy metals is a major contributor to myriad chronic diseases [Kostoff, 2015]. The question then becomes: what other adverse health effects from the exposure of both the active and passive implants to increasing levels of wireless radiation have not been identified or addressed?
Appendix 7 addresses this issue of wireless radiation adverse effects related to medical implants and appendages in more detail, and additionally addresses potential wireless radiation adverse effects on tissues imbedded (deliberately or inadvertently) with exogenous-based nanoparticles that effectively act as micro/nano-implants. These nanoparticle-imbedded tissues may have the potential for enhanced energy absorption from the incoming RF signal, and may exhibit potentially harmful thermal transients (over and above the potential thermal transients resulting from the pulsed high peak-to-average power of the RF signal) that would be camouflaged under the wide averaging time periods in the FCC Guidelines.

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2D3c. Factor analysis taxonomy results
The 5,311 records in the retrieved and partially filtered adverse health effects database were imported into the VP software [VP, 2019], and a factor analysis was performed. Thousands of MeSH Headings extracted by the VP software were inspected visually, and those directly applicable to adverse health effects were selected. The software then used these selected MeSH Headings to generate a factor matrix, which identified the main adverse health effects themes of the database. Appendix 3 presents this taxonomy (Table A3-1), and the titles of the records that were assigned to each category in the taxonomy. The titles give a better appreciation for the contents of each category than the brief category heading.
Table A3-1 (reproduced from Appendix 3) follows. It presents the factors/categories in the taxonomy, and the key MeSH Headings used to define the factor/category and link to the record titles shown in Appendix 3. In Appendix 3, the factors in Table A3-1 are hyperlinked to their respective record titles.

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Table A3-1 - Factor Analysis Taxonomy

FACTOR THEME 1 Electromagnetic hypersensitivity and inflammation 2 Coronary artery disease

MESH HEADINGS
C-Reactive Protein, Liver Diseases, Thyroid Diseases, Inflammation, Tonsillitis, Hypersensitivity
Plaque, Atherosclerotic, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Carotid Artery Diseases, Inflammation, Hypertension

3A Congenital abnormalities

Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Calcification, Physiologic, Congenital Abnormalities

3B

Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary

Mammary tumors Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma

4 Male infertility

Sperm Count, Spermatozoa, Sperm Motility, Semen, Testis, Infertility, Male, Spermatogenesis, Testosterone, Fertility

5 Brain neoplasms

Meningioma, Glioma, Meningeal Neoplasms, Neuroma, Acoustic, Brain Neoplasms, Glioblastoma, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Neuroma, Cranial Nerve Neoplasms, Parotid Neoplasms, Central Nervous System Neoplasms

6

Burning Mouth Syndrome, Taste Disorders, Skin Diseases, Mouth

Sensory disorders Diseases, Dizziness, Vision Disorders, Hypersensitivity, Delayed,

Fatigue

7

Carcinoma, Lobular, Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast, Breast Neoplasms,

Breast neoplasms Male, Adenoma

8 Oxidative stress

Oxidative Stress, Malondialdehyde, Glutathione Peroxidase, Lipid Peroxidation, Reactive Oxygen Species, Apoptosis, DNA Damage, Nitric Oxide, Protein Carbonylation

9

Parkinson Disease, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Alzheimer Disease,

Neurodegenerative Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Motor Neuron Disease, Occupational

diseases

Diseases, Dementia, Brain Diseases, Dementia, Vascular

10 Cerebrovascular disorders

Cerebrovascular Disorders, Dementia, Migraine Disorders, Tinnitus, Headache, Sleep Wake Disorders, Carotid Artery Diseases, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia, Vascular

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11 Congenital abnormalities and glandular-based tumors

Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Calcification, Physiologic, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma

12 Skin neoplasms

Carcinoma, Basal Cell, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Skin Neoplasms, Cocarcinogenesis, Neoplasms, Experimental, Neoplasms, RadiationInduced, Colonic Neoplasms

13 Leukemia

Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive, Leukemia, Myeloid, Leukemia, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Leukemia, Radiation-Induced, Acute Disease, Liver Neoplasms, Experimental, Central Nervous System Neoplasms

14 Precancerous conditions

Atrophy, Precancerous Conditions, Hyperplasia, Hypersensitivity, Delayed, Thymus Gland, Capillary Permeability, Lymphoma

15

Melatonin, Circadian Rhythm, Pineal Gland

Circadian Rhythm

16 Eye diseases

Eye Diseases, Cataract, Vision Disorders, Sensation Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Lens, Crystalline, Corneal Diseases, Edema, Hematologic Diseases

17 Electromagnetic interference in implanted electronic devices

Tachycardia, Ventricular, Ventricular Fibrillation, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Arrhythmias, Cardiac

18

Liver Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Neoplasm Recurrence,

Liver Neoplasms Local, Lymphatic Metastasis

19 Symptoms of discomfort

Headache, Dizziness, Fatigue, Depression, Anxiety, Tremor, Sleep Wake Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Stress, Psychological, Anxiety Disorders, Nervous System Diseases

20 Neoplasms

Lung Neoplasms, Ovarian Neoplasms, Pituitary Neoplasms, Lymphoma, Prostatic Neoplasms, Colonic Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Breast Neoplasms, Hematologic Neoplasms, Neoplasms, Liver Neoplasms, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Nervous System Neoplasms

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2D3d. Text clustering taxonomy results

The 5,311 records in the retrieved and partially filtered adverse health effects database were imported into the CLUTO software [CLUTO, 2019], and a text clustering was performed. Forty-eight lowest level clusters were selected, based on theme resolution desired (average ~100 records per lowest level category). Appendix 4 presents this taxonomy (Table A4-1, Table A42), and the titles of the records that were assigned to each lowest-level category in the taxonomy. The titles give a better appreciation for the contents of each category than the brief category theme shown.

Table A4-1 (reproduced from the Appendix) presents the high-level clusters in the taxonomy, and the cluster themes. In Appendix 4, the fourth-level clusters in Table A4-2 (repeated from the fourth level shown in Table A4-1) are hyperlinked to their respective record titles.

Table A4-1 - CLUTO-Based Text Clustering Taxonomy ­ Top Levels

SECOND LEVEL FOURTH LEVEL

Cluster 92 (2561) ­ Cluster 78 (912) - Adverse impacts of wireless radiation, especially on

Adverse effects of cataracts, cells, and cognitive functions

wireless radiation at cellular level, including radiation absorption at different frequencies

Cluster 79 (428) - Microwave radiation absorption at different frequencies Cluster 82 (529) - Adverse effects of mobile phone radiation, especially oxidative stress Cluster 84 (692) - Genotoxic effects of radiofrequency radiation

Cluster 93 (2750) ­ Adverse health effects of EMF on humans, especially cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, and on implanted electronic devices

Cluster 81 (673) - Adverse impacts of power-line EMF Cluster 85 (540) - Adverse impacts of low-frequency EMF, emphasizing cancer and neurodegenerative diseases Cluster 83 (668) ­ Adverse effects of mobile phone use, especially brain tumors, and brain and neural function
Cluster 89 (869) - Human health risks from electromagnetic radiation, including adverse effects on implanted electronic devices, and possible protections

Note: Numbers in parentheses reflect numbers of records in cluster

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2D3e. Wireless radiation adverse health effects in closed literatures
It should be re-emphasized at this point that almost all of the wireless radiation findings reported above reflect what is published in the open literature. That tends to emphasize basic research, and tends to be produced by academia, with its strong incentives for publication.
There's a much larger world of effort centered around wireless radiation technology and engineering development (for surveillance, communications, and weaponry) performed in organizations that have 1) few incentives to publish and 2) many prohibitions against publication due to classification and/or proprietary issues. Publication of adverse effects of these wireless systems could have severe financial consequences for all the stakeholders involved, and could result in potential military operational constraints as well.
The Federal government and industry who sponsor and many times conduct these advanced wireless radiation technology studies and demonstrations have 1) strong incentives to classify and proprietarize any results detrimental to their promotional activities and 2) no incentives to release results showing serious adverse health effects from wireless radiation to the public!
Consider the example shown in section 2D4 concerning the Zalyubovskaya [1977] reference, derived from Kostoff [2019a]. It shows some 1970s Soviet studies on EMF effects, including millimeter-wave effects, that were classified for 35 years until declassification in 2012. If relatively benign studies like those were classified for 35 years, one can only imagine the more serious studies that remain classified until this day. Or, Soviet studies that were not presented in an open forum because of their sensitivity. Or, USA studies that were performed decades ago (or recently), and remain classified to this day.
Also, consider the following example, which came to light relatively recently.
On 30 October 2019, an article was published suggesting the presence of cancer clusters among military pilots [https://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/nationalsecurity/article236413708.html]. This may be the tip of the iceberg, since there are latency periods preceding the emergence of these cancers. It is unclear how well the health conditions of these pilots are tracked once they leave the service (according to the article), or, more specifically, how well the public is informed as to how well the health conditions of these pilots are tracked once they leave the service, and, if they are tracked, what the results of this tracking are. If there is tracking, who is funding the tracking, and what is its objectivity?
Severe recruiting consequences would result if it were shown that these serious diseases are in fact associated with exposures to on-board avionics and other stressors unique to the aircraft environment (EMF in combinations with other unique stressors [chemicals, psychological stress, high and low-G forces, etc] that performance aircraft crews face). It would be valuable to get EMF exposure data (using an independent assessment) under myriad flight conditions for many different military aircraft, with all the onboard avionics in full operation.

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A similar article generated by the same organization addressing RF exposures of military pilots [https://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/nationalsecurity/article237797304.html] complements the information contained in the above example, as shown in the following:
The largest Grumman measurement reported in the article translates to 300 million microwatts/square meter! This is thirty times today's FCC general public exposure limit, which itself is three-four orders-of-magnitude above levels shown by the cell tower studies to increase cancer incidence substantially. In parallel, the pilots are also being exposed to myriad other toxic stimuli, including EMF of other frequencies, cosmic radiation, perhaps fuel odors, etc, increasing the possibility of adverse effect synergies.
These may be the tip of the iceberg of RF exposure measurements done in the aircraft cabin, and there is no evidence that these were the highest occurring exposures. These types of exposure measurements rarely, if ever, see the light of day in the open literature, and are not advertised (for obvious purposes) by government-industry.
Additionally, while the gold coating mentioned may have kept a substantial amount of external RF from entering the cabin, it also would have delayed RF (that was internally generated or entered the cabin through non-gold coated non-metallic avenues) from leaving the cockpit, mirroring a hohlraum effect.

This cockpit problem reflects a disturbing trend. The military services became networkcentric decades ago. They are almost completely dependent on wireless communications and wireless detection/surveillance for all their operations. If they were to allow their labs and contractors to report the possible damage from the levels of exposures happening in the field and at their facilities, potentially resulting in much lower wireless radiation exposure limits, they would be forced to eliminate many decades of so-called advances in their weaponry and operations. It could also impact their recruitment efforts adversely. No different in kind from their civilian counterparts, although the military may be operating at higher exposure levels because of their ultra-high-performance requirements.
So, while the adverse health effects of wireless radiation listed above in the monograph are very serious in their own right, they may be just the tip of the iceberg of the totality of adverse health effects that have actually been demonstrated if the non-published or classified studies had been taken into account.

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2D4. Adverse Wireless Radiation Health Effects from Former USSR Literature Analysis
2D4a. Overview
The Former Soviet Union/USSR was a major player in biomedical research on health effects of non-ionizing radiation (both adverse and therapeutic) since at least the 1950s, and perhaps well before. Some/much of the work was published in the Soviet open literature, and available in Russian. Some/much of it was translated by USA intelligence agencies, and later declassified. Some may still be classified. The major difference between the USA and Soviet research on adverse effects of wireless radiation appears to be emphasis on thermal (USA) vs athermal (Soviet) effects. This difference is reflected in the different wireless radiation exposure limits imposed by each government.
2D4b. Glaser and Dodge review of East European radiofrequency literature
Glaser and Dodge addressed this issue within a comprehensive review of East European radiofrequency and microwave radiation literature [Glaser and Dodge, 1976], as follows:
THERMAL VS ATHERMAL EFFECTS ­ USA-USSR
"The most significant difference between East and West relative to biological mechanisms of effects of microwaves concerns the question of thermogenic versus nonthermogenic (or athermal) effects.....The traditional Soviet and East European view from the earliest publications of bio-studies has been that microwave and radio frequency fields can functionally, and even morphologically in some cases, alter the organism at field flux or power densities below those which cause measureable heating in tissues or biological substrates. Thus, reversible changes in behavior, physiological function, and microstructures are frequently reported at power densities of microwatts per square centimeter (muW/cm2), well below the Western world's "safe" exposure level of 10 milliwatts per square centimeter (10 mW/cm2).....In contrast, the prevailing Western view, particularly in the United States, is that the effects of microwave and radio frequency fields are attributable only to the heating mechanism of those fields which are generally encountered at power densities in excess of 10 mW/cm2.....
The disparity between Eastern and Western views in this respect finds its most eloquent expression in daily occupational exposure standards for microwaves. In the Soviet Union and some East European countries, the standard for an occupational exposure day is 0.01 mW/cm2.....In the United States and some Western European countries, the value for continuous exposure is 10 mW/cm2.
Prior to 1953, it was believed that 100 mW/cm2 was the lowest level at which significant biological damage would occur.....Thus, 10 mW/cm2 is approximately one tenth the level calculated to cause significant heating in human tissues, and agrees with physiologic and metabolIc calculations . Intermediate standards between these values are practiced by some European countries......"

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This conclusion, presented 43 years ago in print, is particularly disheartening. Despite all the evidence of adverse athermal effects of wireless radiation that was generated prior to 1976 (especially in the USSR, but in the USA as well), and the voluminous evidence (of adverse athermal effects of wireless radiation) that has been reported from global research since 1976, the USA government (along with many others) has refused to recognize the credibility of these athermal wireless radiation effects in the setting of regulatory exposure standards.
2D4c. Glaser review of global radiofrequency literature circa 1972
What was the state of the open literature on adverse health effects of wireless radiation in the 1970s, including what was known about Soviet and East European research? One partial answer can be gleaned from a very comprehensive review of the global radiofrequency and microwave biomedical effects literature published as a DTIC report in 1972 [Glaser, 1972]. The abstract of this report states in part:
"More than 2300 references on the biological responses to radio frequency and microwave radiation, published up to April 1972, are included in this bibliography of the world literature. Particular attention has been paid to the effects on man on non-ionizing radiation at these frequencies. The citations are arranged alphabetically by author, and contain as much information as possible so as to assure effective retrieval of the original documents. Soviet and East European literature is included in detail. An outline of the effects which have been attributed to radio frequency and microwave radiation is included as Chapter 1."

The effects mentioned in the last sentence have been converted to a more readable form by Dr. Magda Havas on her outstanding Web site (describing decades of global research on wireless radiation health effects) [Havas, 2019]. As stated on her Web site, Dr. Havas has obtained hard copies of Dr. Glaser's references from Dr. Glaser, and is in the process of scanning them and making them available to a wider audience. Dr. Havas' summary of the effects mentioned in the last sentence of the box above is repeated in the following table:

CATEGORY
A. Heating of Organs* [Applications: Diathermy, Electrosurgery, Electrocoagulation, Electrodesiccation, Electrotomy]

ADVERSE EFFECTS This includes heating of the whole body or part of the body like the skin, bone and bone marrow, lens of the eye with cataracts and damage to the cornea; genitalia causing tubular degeneration of testicles; brains and sinuses; metal implants causing burns near hip pins etc. These effects are reversible except for damage to the eye.

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B. Changes in Physiologic Function
C. Central Nervous System Effects
D. Autonomic Nervous System Effects E. Peripheral Nervous System Effects F. Psychological Disorders
G. Behavioral Changes in Animals Studies H. Blood Disorders

This includes contraction of striated muscles; altered diameter of blood vessels (increased vascular elasticity), dilation; changes in oxidative processes in tissues and organs; liver enlargement; altered sensitivity to drugs; decreased spermatogenesis leading to decreased fertility and to sterility; altered sex ratio of births in favor of girls; altered menstrual activity; altered fetal development; decreased lactation in nursing mothers; reduction in diuresis resulting in sodium excretion via urine output; altered renal function; changes in conditioned reflexes; decreased electrical resistance of skin; changes in the structure of skin receptors; altered rate of blood flow; altered biocurrents in cerebral cortex in animals; changes in the rate of clearance of tagged ions from tissues; reversible structural changes in the cerebral cortex and diencephalon; changes in electrocardiographs; altered sensitivity to light, sound, and olfactory stimuli; functional and pathological changes in the eyes; myocardial necrosis; hemorrhage in lungs, liver, gut and brain and generalized degeneration of body tissue at fatal levels of radiation; loss of anatomical parts; death; dehydration; altered rate of tissue calcification. This includes headaches; insomnia; restlessness (daytime and during sleep); changes in brain wave activity (EEG); cranial nerve disorders; pyramidal tract lesions; disorders of conditioned reflexes; vagomimetic and sympathomimetic action of the heart; seizure and convulsions. Altered heart rhythm; fatigue, structural alterations in synapses of the vagus nerve; stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system leading to Bradycardia and inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system. Effects on locomotor nerves.
Symptoms include neurasthenia (general bad feeling); depression; impotence; anxiety; lack of concentration; hypochondria; dizziness; hallucinations; sleepiness or insomnia; irritability; decreased appetite; loss of memory; scalp sensations; fatigue; chest pain, tremors. Effects include changes in reflexive, operant, avoidance and discrimination behaviors
Effects include changes in blood and bone marrow; increased phagocytic and bactericidal functions; increased rate of hemolysis (shorter lifespan of cells); increased blood sedimentation rate;

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I. Vascular Disorders J. Enzyme and Other Biochemical Changes (in vitro)
K. Metabolic Disorders
L. Gastro-Intestinal Disorders M. Endocrine Gland Changes
N. Histological Changes O. Genetic and Chromosomal Changes
P. Pearl Chain Effect
Q. Miscellaneous Effects

decreased erythrocytes; increased blood glucose concentrations; altered blood histamine content; changes in lipids and cholesterol; changes in Gamma Globulin and total protein concentration; changes in number of eosinophils; decrease in albumin/globulin ratio; altered hemopoiesis (rate of blood corpuscles formation); leukopenia (increased number of white blood cells and leukocytosis; reticulocytosis (increase in immature red blood cells). This includes thrombosis and hypertension.
Changes in the activity of cholinesterase (also in vivo); phosphatase; transaminase; amylase, carboxydismutase; denaturation of proteins; inactivation of fungi, viruses, and bacteria; killed tissue cultures; alterated rate of cell division; increased concentration of RNA in lymphocytes and decreased concentration of RNA in brain, liver and spleen; changes in pyruvic acid, lactic acid and creatinine excretions; changes in concentration of glycogen in liver (hyperglycemia); altered concentrationsof 17-ketosteroids in urine. Effects include glycosuria (sugar in urne); increase in urinary phenols; altered processing of metabolic enzymes; altered carbohydrate metabolism. Effects include anorexia; epigastric pan; constipation; altered secretion of stomach digestive juices. Effects include altered functioning of pituitary gland, thyroid gland (hyper-thyroidism and enlarged thyroid, increased uptake of radioactive iodine), and adrenal cortex; decreased corticosteroids in blood; decreased glucocorticoidal activity; hypogonadism (with decreased production of testosterone). Changes in tubular epithelium of testicles and gross changes.
Effects include chromosomal aberrations (shortening, pseudochiasm, diploid structures, amitotic divisions, bridging, "stickiness"; irregularities in chromosomal envelope); mutations; mongolism; somatic alterations (not involving nucleus or chromosomes); neoplastic diseases (tumors). This refers to intracellular orientation of subcellular particles and orientation of cellular and other (non-biologic particles, i.e. mini magnetics) affecting orientation of animals, birds, and fish in electromagnetic fields. These include sparking between dental fillings; metallic taste in mouth; changes in optical activity of colloidal solutions; treatment for

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syphilis, poliomyelitis, skin diseases; loss and brittleness of hair; sensations of buzzing, vibrations, pulsations, and tickling about head and ears; copious perspiration, salivation, and protrusion of tongue; changes in the operation of implanted cardiac pacemakers; changes in circadian rhythms.

Thus, much was known about the adverse health effects of both thermal and athermal high-frequency wireless radiation even in the early 1970s (Glaser's review did not address lower frequency radiation effects, although we now know these lower frequency effects could be equally damaging as those from high frequency), but this long-standing knowledge has not translated into adequate protections for the public from wireless radiation, both in the USA and the rest of the world.
2D4d. Joint Publications Research Service translations of East European research
Another avenue of insight into Soviet and East European research in the 1970s era was provided by the Joint Publications Research Service (JPRS). A description of this organization follows [https://guides.library.harvard.edu/jprs]:
The United States Joint Publications Research Service is a government agency which translates foreign language books, newspapers, journals, unclassified foreign documents and research reports. Approximately 80% of the documents translated are serial publications. JPRS is the largest single producer of English language translations in the world. More than 80,000 reports have been issued since 1957, and currently JPRS produces over 300,000 pages of translations per year.
In its early years JPRS concentrated heavily on scientific and technical material from communist countries. Gradually coverage has broadened to include more nonscientific materials.
2D4d1. Maritime occupational radiofrequency exposures in USSR
One of the Soviet technical books translated by the JPRS is listed on Dr. Havas' Web site [https://magdahavas.com/pick-of-the-week-15-russian-translations-on-biological-effects-of-magneticfields-and-radio-frequency-radiation/]. This book [Kulikovskaya, 1970] is important because it shows the levels of wireless radiation to which Soviets in some occupations were exposed fifty years ago, numbers that many wireless radiation proponent countries do not readily advertise. Whether these exposures are greater or less today is unclear; powers may be higher, but shielding may be better.
In the introductory section of Chapter IV (Biological Effect of Radio Waves ­ p.70), the following statement is made:

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"Foreign researchers are giving basic attention to the effect of electromagnetic radio waves beginning with the thermal effect, that is, heating the animate organism by the field energy.
The research performed in our country, in contrast to foreign research, is based on a complex of dynamic studies of the reactions of the organism to the effect of low irradiation intensities, and, especially, in the superhighfrequency range, recognition of the cumulative biological effect in the case of chronic explosure to low power flux densities."
This quoted statement confirms the statement of Glaser and Dodge in section 2D4b above. Since the bulk of the references in Kulikovskaya's book are from the 1950s and 1960s, one can surmise that a decision was made by the Western powers (especially the USA, who led the Western powers at that time) seventy years ago to downplay the adverse effects of athermal wireless radiation, and promote the false concept that only the thermal effects of wireless radiation are responsible for biomedical damage. The decision-makers from the Western powers recognized seventy years ago that wide-ranging wireless communications and surveillance were not possible if biologically protective exposure limits were promulgated. Through countless Administrations and Legislatures since the days of President Eisenhower, all USA (and most foreign) decision-makers have presented a consistent and unified front promoting increased exposure to wireless radiation at the expense of the health of the nation's citizens!
The following table shows examples (from Kulikovskaya [1970]) of maximum levels of exposure to wireless radiation for Soviet citizens working in the marine environment. The maximum electric field exposure levels exceed the Soviet regulatory limits at that time (which were up to an order-of-magnitude lower than the USA regulatory limits) by up to two orders-ofmagnitude!
To place these numbers in perspective, the Building Biologists' recommendations for safe long-term exposure limits in these frequency ranges is less than one volt per meter (https://mdsafetech.org/conversion-and-exposure-limits-emr-emf/). Thus, the reported exposures exceed safe levels by two-three orders of magnitude.
The research was performed at the Laboratory of Physical Factors of the State Scientific Research Insitute of Labor Hygiene and Professional Diseases. The exposure levels reported are what the Soviet government was willing to release to the public. Whether they were the most severe exposures experienced by members of the civilian and military fleets remains unknown. In terms of personnel recruitment for these jobs, it was/is not in the government's (Soviet or otherwise, including USA) best interests to release to the public exposure levels that would show these jobs to be highly dangerous to health. The book attempts to make the point that most exposures experienced by maritime personnel are much lower than the maximum, probably to assuage the public. The results are disturbing nevertheless, and should be viewed as the `floor' of exposures to be expected relative to measurements made by an 1) independent objective group 2) on location during operations 3) without having given advanced notice!

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REGION

FREQ MAX EXP

RANGE EXPOS LIMIT

MHz V/m V/m

Electromagnetic Fields Near Tube Generators for High-

.06-.8 1,000+ 20

Frequency Heating of Metals (P.23)

Electromagnetic Waves Near Tube Generators for High- 10-30 500+ 20

Frequency Heating of Dielectrics (P.26)

Electromagnetic Fields in the Radio Rooms of Ships (P. 29) .3-23

Passenger Ships (P. 32)

.4-.8 2,000 20

Ships of the Tanker Fleet (P. 36)

.4-.8 2,000 20

Dry Cargo Ships (P. 37)

.4-.8 1,600 20

Ships of the Auxiliary Fleet (P. 40)

.4-.8

420

20

Electromagnetic Fields of Radio Communications Antennas on .3-3

880

20

the Decks and Superstructures of Ships (P. 44)

"In conclusion, it can be stated that the highest intensity of an electric field up to hundreds and

sometimes thousands and more volts per meter occurs near the antenna drops and metal masses

on the top bridges and decks during operation of a medium wave radio. Here, the magnetic

component of the field can reach ten and even fifteen amps/meter." P. 52)

Superhigh Frequency Electromagnetic Fields of Radar

3,000-

Antennas on the Decks of Ships (P. 52)

15,000

"Studies of the conditions of irradiation of the deck crew with superhigh-frequency fields

performed on ships for various purposes show that when the radar antennas are installed on

co1umns 1.2-2.5 meters above the deck of the top bridge, the power flux density can be hundreds

and sometimes thousands of microwatts per square centimeter." (P. 54)

Some Adverse Health Effects of Marine Radio Operators (P. 80)
"The conditions of labor of marine radio operators are least favorable..... a relatively large number of people with various diseases appear among radio operators. Thus, out of 215 radio operators, 50 had chronic diseases (23.2 percent).....The primary disruption of the state of health of ship radio operators is damage to the organs of sight.....Among the diseases of the cardiovascular system occurring in ship radio operators, hypertonic disease. myocardial distrophy and disruption of the blood circulation in the brain play the leading role. All radio operators suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system are young (from 30 to 35 years old) with five to 10 years of service. Among the diseases of the nervous system encountered in them, functional disorders of the central nervous system, vegetative neurosis, and neurasthenic syndrome are noted.....Thus, it is possible to consider it established that the largest number of people with health impairments occur among ship radio operators as compared to other marine professions."
2D4d2. Biomedical effects of millimeter-wave exposures in some USSR research
Additionally, consider the following USSR reference [Zalyubovskaya, 1977] translated by the JPRS and published as a classified document in 1977.

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SYSTEMIC ADVERSE EFFECTS FROM MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIATION This is one of many translations of articles produced in the Former Soviet Union on wireless radiation (also, see reviews of Soviet research on this topic by McRee [1979, 1980], Glazer and Dodge [1976], Kositsky et al [2001]). On p. 57 of the pdf link, the article by Zalyubovskaya addresses biological effects of millimeter radiowaves. Zalyubovskaya ran experiments using power fluxes of 10,000,000 microwatts/square meter (the FCC guideline limit for the general public today), and frequencies on the order of 60 GHz. Not only was skin impacted adversely, but also heart, liver, kidney, spleen tissue as well, and blood and bone marrow properties. These results reinforce the conclusion of Russell (see section 2E) that systemic results may occur from millimeter-wave radiation. And, to re-emphasize, for Zalyubovskaya's experiments, the incoming signal was unmodulated carrier frequency only, and the experiment was single stressor only. Thus, the expected real-world results (when human beings are impacted, the signals are pulsed and modulated, and there is exposure to many toxic stimuli) would be far more serious and would be initiated at lower (perhaps much lower) power fluxes.
The Zalyubovskaya paper was published in 1977. What national security concerns caused it (and the other papers in the linked pdf reference) to be classified in the first place, and then kept classified for 35 years until declassification in 2012? What other papers on this topic with similar findings were published in the USSR (and the USA) at that time, or even earlier, and how many such papers never saw the light of day in the USSR (and the USA) at that time? It appears that we have known about the potentially damaging effects of millimeter-wave radiation on the skin (and other major systems in the body) for well over forty years, yet the discourse today only revolves around the possibility of modest potential effects on the skin and perhaps cataracts from millimeter-wave radiation.
2D4d3. Health effects from millimeter-wave exposures in Russian and Ukrainian literature
The review by Kositsky referenced in section 2D4d2 [Kositsky et al, 2001] appears to be based on 1) open literature publication of 2) wireless radiation biological effects 3) by Russian and Ukrainian researchers, covering the publication time period of 1968-2000. It appears to be quite comprehensive, and addresses both wireless radiation 1) adverse health effects and 2) therapeutics. It covers millimeter-wave frequencies almost exclusively. Some important takeaways from the Kositsky review are shown in the following box.

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BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS FROM MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIATION
"there is a large probability of harmful effects from incidental generalized exposure, as confirmed in experiments on animals"
"Since living organisms have evolved under conditions of low natural background EHF EMR, they lack a ready-made mechanism of evolutionary adaptation to heightened levels of radiation resulting from technogenic factors"
"The results of clinical research showed that prolonged contact with EMF in the SHF band can lead to development of diseases, the clinical profile of which is determined above all by changes in the functional condition of the nervous and cardiovascular systems"
"Under EFD of 60 µW/cm2, disturbance of female cycles; reduction in fertility, number and weight of offspring; increase in postnatal deaths of the rat pups by a factor of 2.5; and dystrophic changes in the reproductive organs of the animals were noted"
"The results obtained give evidence that a single exposure to low-intensity EHF EMR without modulation, and with modulation at low frequencies of 5-10 Hz, induce opposite effects in red bone marrow (RBM). In the former case, we have pronounced stimulation of proliferative processes in the RBM, which are reversible. In the latter case--progressive depression of the process of blood production, right down to the formation of hypo- and aplastic conditions in the RBM on the sixth day of observation."
"biological effects of millimeter waves (BEF MMW):...They do not depend on the intensity of EMR, starting from the threshold to noticeable heating of tissue.....Irreversible BEF occur only during prolonged or cyclical exposure.....During amplitude or frequency modulation of MMW, bioeffects are maintained or strengthened as the power of exposure is significantly reduced.....The body "remembers" the effect of EMR for a relatively long time......In some cases, EMR influences sensitivity to other factors (chemicals, ionizing radiation, etc.), and the effects may persist through time."
"In epidemiological studies of the population of Ukraine, a connection was established between leukemia in children and cancer in adults, and exposure to EMF at industrial frequencies."
"Specific injuries under radiowave exposure are development of cataracts, instability in leukocyte make-up of peripheral blood, and vegeto-vascular disorder"
"the likelihood of cancer was three times greater under SHF exposure"
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"It can be proposed that the current increase in electromagnetic pollution of the environment exceeds human adaptational capacities"
"The danger of mobile telephones consists of the fact that in addition to direct effects on the brain, the whole body is irradiated via the biologically active points of the concha of the ear"
"Observed higher resonance frequencies of a living cell coincide with frequencies of radiation of communications satellites. The power densities and duration of irradiation created by these satellites will significantly exceed.....the energetic doses inducing changes in living cells...... there will be a likelihood of changes (including negative changes) in the genetic apparatus of living cells during prolonged exposure to low-energy electromagnetic radiation from communications satellites"
"Combination with other deleterious factors: ionizing radiation, toxic substances, geomagnetic anomalies and stress significantly increase the effects of HF EMR."
"Occurrence of a narcotic-type dependency (by stimulating production of endorphins) is possible under regular irradiation with HF EMR."
"in animals irradiated with EMF, the nature of the infectious process changes--the course of the infectious process is aggravated"
"Absorption of EMF in biologically active points is many times more effective than in other parts of the skin, and this energy influences the internal organs and the body as a whole through the system of Chinese meridians."
In summary, these excerpts show that
· adverse effects can be initiated with very low doses of EMR, · millimeter-wave radiation can impact regions below the skin, and · adverse effects may be exacerbated when the EMR is combined with other toxic
stimuli.
Given Kositsky's statement in section 2D4 about the potential of a narcotic-type dependency from exposure to EMR through stimulating production of endorphins, could EMR be effectively serving as one of the gateway `drugs' to the increased opioid use we observe today? Appendix 5 addresses the potential impact of wireless radiation exposure on the opioid crisis, and shows that wireless radiation could indeed be a contributing factor to the overuse of opioids we are seeing today!
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Particularly troubling are Kositsky's statements about the potential adverse effects of communications satellites. He bases his conclusions on the matching of communications satellites' frequencies with living cell resonances, as follows:
"Observed higher resonance frequencies of a living cell coincide with frequencies of radiation of communications satellites. The power densities and duration of irradiation created by these satellites will significantly exceed (by ten or more orders of magnitude--such irradiation is possible over the course of a whole lifetime) the energetic doses inducing changes in living cells."
From some perspectives, the concept is counter-intuitive. Hormetic behavior of toxic substances and vaccines tends to be observed at extremely low doses of toxic stimuli. The average power fluxes from communications satellites are extremely low at the Earth's surface, and one would not expect adverse effects based on these low numbers. In the NTP experiments that many people cite as the wireless radiation experimental Gold Standard [Melnick, 2019], serious adverse effects were not observed until the power fluxes approached the FCC limit.
While his statements may seem counter-intuitive to some people, that does not mean they are incorrect. The issue needs to be resolved, sooner rather than later. At this time, 5G satellites are in fact being launched, and there are projections that tens of thousands of these satellites will eventually be launched to complete the global terrestrial and space 5G network. Launching of this number of satellites without the demonstrated evidence of safety would add to the unethical and harmful nature of the mobile networking experiment already observed.
2D4d4. "Confirmation" of Soviet microwave effects studies forty years later
The Soviet studies on adverse health effects from athermal radiofrequency exposures performed 40++ years ago showed clearly the dangers to human health from this toxic stimulus. Even though there was voluminous non-Soviet research showing a wide spectrum of adverse health effects from radiofrequency during that 40++ year period, some researchers undertook studies under `similar' conditions to purportedly `confirm' or validate the results from the Soviet studies [e.g., de Gannes et al, 2009; Repacholi et al, 2011; Grigoriev et al, 2010; Grigoriev, 2011]. This would require "validation" of health and safety research findings that were generated forty years ago in a completely different sponsorship and motivational context than has existed in the past decade. As one would expect, given the history of wireless radiation health and safety research, the results were mixed.
What type of independence and objectivity would one expect from `confirmation' research sponsored by the promoters of 2G, 3G, 4G and now 5G mobile networking technology? Trillions of dollars in revenues are at stake in maintaining the fiction of wireless radiation safety under current exposure limit regulations. While the results could be correct, they should be interpreted with this context in mind.

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2E. Potential Adverse Health Effects Expected from 5G Mobile Networking Technology
The potential 5G adverse health effects derive from the intrinsic nature of the radiation, and how this radiation interacts with tissue and other target structures. 4G networking technology was associated mainly with carrier frequencies in the range of ~1-2.5 GHz (cell phones, WiFi). The wavelength of 1 GHz radiation is 30 cm, and the penetration depth in human tissue is a few centimeters. The highest performance 5G networking technology is mainly associated with carrier frequencies at least an order of magnitude above the 4G frequencies, although, as stated previously, "ELFs (0­3000Hz) are always present in all telecommunication EMFs in the form of pulsing and modulation". Penetration depths for the high-performance carrier frequency component of 5G radiation will be on the order of a few millimeters.
For much of the early implementation of 5G, and perhaps later, 5G will be integrated with 4G. Some vendors will start out/have started out with `low-band' 5G (~600-900 MHz); some will start out with `mid-band' 5G (~2.5 GHz-4.2 GHz); and some will start out with `high band' 5G (~24-47 GHz). All these modes are associated with potentially severe adverse health effects, and none have been tested for safety in any credible manner.
At the millimeter carrier wavelengths characteristic of high-band high performance 5G, one can expect resonance phenomena with small-scale human structures [Betzalel, 2018; Appendix 7B-3], as well as resonances with insects/insect components [Thielens et al, 2018].
The common `wisdom' being presented in the literature and the broader media is that, if there are adverse impacts resulting from millimeter-wave 5G, the main impacts will be focused on near-surface phenomena, such as skin cancer, cataracts, and other skin conditions, because of shallow RF penetration depths. However, there is evidence that biological responses to millimeter-wave irradiation can be initiated within the skin, and the subsequent systemic signaling in the skin can result in physiological effects on the nervous system, heart, and immune system [Russell, 2018]. There is additional evidence that adverse effects from millimeter-wave radiation can occur in organs and tissue well below the skin surface (e.g., consider the example shown in section 2D4d2 in the box titled SYSTEMIC ADVERSE EFFECTS FROM MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIATION, or the example shown in section 2D4d3 in the box titled BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS FROM MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIATION) This should not be surprising, since there are myriad signaling conduits connecting the skin to deeper structures in the body.

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2F. Why is there not Full Consensus on Adverse Effects from Wireless Radiation?
2F1. Reasons for Lack of Full Consensus
Not all studies of wireless radiation have shown adverse effects. There are many possibilities to explain this [Kostoff et al, 2020].
1) There could be `windows' in parameter space where adverse effects occur, and the studies/experiments were conducted outside these `windows'. Operation outside these windows could show i) no effects or ii) hormetic effects or iii) therapeutic effects.
For example, assume information content of the signal is a strong contributor to adverse health effects [Panagopoulus, 2019]. Experiments that involve only the carrier frequencies may be outside the `window' where adverse health effects occur, and no adverse effects would be identified. Alternatively, in this specific example, the carrier signal and the information signal could be viewed as a combination of potentially toxic stimuli, where the adverse effects of each component are enabled because of the synergistic effects of the combination. If only one of the members of the combination were studied, again, adverse effects would not be identified.
As another example, an adverse health impact on one strain of rodent was shown for a combination of 50 Hz EMF and DMBA, while no adverse health impact was shown on another rodent strain for the same toxic stimuli combination [Fedrowitz et al, 2004]. From a higher-order combination perspective, if genetics are viewed conceptually as potentially equivalent to a toxic stimulus for combination purposes, then a synergistic three-constituent combination of 50 Hz EMF, DMBA, and genetics was required to elicit adverse health impacts in the above experiment. If these results can be extrapolated across species, then human beings could exhibit different responses to the same electromagnetic stimuli based on their genetic predispositions.
This particular experiment may be one of the most important conducted in wireless radiation toxicology. It shows that adverse effects from wireless radiation could depend on species/strain selection for the test subjects. This raises the question: which species or strain is most representative of human populations with respect to mirroring the adverse effects of wireless radiation. Is it rats; if so, is it Sprague-Dawley rats; if so, which strain of SpragueDawley rats? Or, are myriad strains of rats required to simulate effects on human populations with different genetic and other makeups? If not rats, is it dogs; if so, which species/strains of dogs. For setting regulatory exposure limits, should laboratory tests be conducted on a wide variety of species and strains, to determine which are the most representative of human responses to wireless radiation? Would the optimal species differ for different types of wireless radiation (e.g., high-frequency/low-frequency; high-power/low-power; pulsed/continuous, etc) and/or different types of other toxic stimuli?

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The single stressor studies that constitute most of wireless radiation laboratory health research, and indeed constitute most of the laboratory medical research literature, essentially yield very narrow windows. Adverse effects are shown over very limited parameter ranges. As the above examples show, as well as the examples in Kostoff and Lau [2017] and Kostoff et al [2018], adverse effects shown by many combinations of stressors are not revealed when these stressors are tested in isolation over the same parametric ranges.
One could conclude that, whether by design or accident, the real-world impact of single stressor studies is to conceal, rather than reveal, many of the more serious adverse health effects of wireless radiation.

The stressor variables to be used for health studies should not be limited to single stressors in isolation, but should include to the extent possible combinations of toxic stimuli stressors, since these combinations reflect more accurately real-life exposures.

2)

Research quality could be poor, and adverse effects were overlooked.

3)

Or, the research team could have had a preconceived agenda

where finding no adverse effects from wireless radiation was the main objective of the research.

2F2. The Role of Conflicts-of-Interest in Lack of Full Consensus
At this point, the reader would be well-advised to re-read section 2A1 on conflicts-ofinterest relative to wireless radiation health and safety studies.
These conflicts pollute the well of knowledge relevant to health and safety, and are the largest contributor to mis-informing the public about the serious adverse health and safety impacts from wireless radiation.
For example, studies have shown that industry-funded research of wireless radiation adverse health effects is far more likely to show no effects than funding from non-industry sources [Huss et al, 2007; Slesin, 2006; Carpenter, 2019]. Studies in disciplines other than wireless radiation have shown that, for products of high military, commercial, and political sensitivity, `researchers'/organizations are hired to publish articles that conflict with the credible science (aka `product defense' companies (https://www.fastcompany.com/1139299/manufacturingdoubt-product-defense), `hired guns', etc), and therefore create doubt as to whether the product of interest is harmful [Michaels, 2008, 2020; Oreskes and Conway, 2011; Ong and Glantz, 2000; McGarity and Wagner, 2008; Walker, 2017].
Section 3.2.2 in a 2016 article on under-reporting of adverse effects of myriad substances in the biomedical literature [Kostoff, 2016] shows clearly the collusion of the USA government
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and industry (and academia in some cases) in concealing harm of toxic substances (whose continued use is of importance to one or both organizations). These examples, and many others in the large USA government-industry candidate pool from which they were selected, show that
government-industry collusion to suppress adverse effects from technologies is endemic across technologies; it is not an aberration, but may be closer to the norm for technologies that are sensitive commercially, militarily, and politically.

A comprehensive article in The New Yorker magazine (https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/02/10/a-valuable-reputation?verso=true) details the travails that Prof. Tyrone Hays had to endure from industry in his quest to show that the herbicide Atrazine contributes to severe adverse effects. While the European Union banned the use of Atrazine almost two decades ago, the EPA has allowed its use to continue in the USA.
Finally, Appendix 6 lists study references showing effects of industry funding on research outcomes for myriad research disciplines (mainly within biomedical). What these references don't show (for the most part) is how industry convinced the regulators to incorporate the results of these studies in setting the lax regulations we see in practice today [e.g., Kostoff, 2018a]. Given that the sponsor and performer incentives of those studies are no different from the sponsor-performer incentives of wireless radiation health effects studies, there is little reason for expecting less concealment of adverse effects in the wireless radiation studies. Given the magnitude of revenues at stake for wireless radiation technology implementation, there is much reason for expecting more concealment and/or neutralization of adverse effects in the wireless radiation studies!
2F3. Interpreting Wireless Radiation Health Study Findings
Wireless radiation can play two roles as a contributor to adverse health effects: initiator and/or promoter/accelerator. The initiator role is reflected by single stressor studies (EMF alone) that show adverse health effects. The promoter/accelerator role is reflected by 1) combination studies that show no adverse effects from any of the constituents when tested in isolation, but show adverse effects (synergies) when tested in combination or 2) accelerating emergence of serious diseases. There can also be initiator and promoter/accelerator roles shown by combination studies, where each constituent tested in isolation shows a modest adverse effect, but the combination shows a much larger (i.e., synergistic) effect [Kostoff and Lau, 2013, 2017; Kostoff et al, 2018; Kostoff, 2018b].
So, if a study shows an adverse health effect from wireless radiation, and if it passes the criteria for high quality research, then that specific adverse effect for the parameter range shown could be accepted as credible. If a study shows no adverse health effects from wireless radiation in a single stressor experiment, the study MAY reflect no initiator role in the parameter window selected, if the study is deemed to be of high research quality. However, such an experiment
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offers little insight as to the promoter/accelerator role of the wireless radiation in the parameter range selected. The same would hold true for no adverse effects shown in combination experiments; there is no reason to believe that, even if wireless radiation serves as a promoter/accelerator for some combinations, it would therefore serve as a promoter/accelerator for all combinations.
In summary, the adverse effects of wireless radiation that result from credible highquality studies published in the biomedical literature form the `floor' for total adverse impacts of this wireless radiation. Given the insights of synergies from toxic stimuli combination studies evidenced in [Kostoff and Lau, 2013, 2017, Kostoff et al, 2018b, Juutiliin, 2006, 2008], many more adverse impacts from wireless radiation can be expected if the parameter range of single stressor studies is expanded and the numbers of combination studies are greatly expanded.
Further, there is little doubt that the biological effects of wireless radiation studies that have been classified (by the organization promoting the expansion of this technology, the Federal government, for alleged `national security' purposes) show substantially more harmful effects from this technology in real-life situations.
Even the Gold Standard for research credibility ­ independent replication of research results ­ is questionable in politically, commercially, and militarily sensitive areas like wireless radiation safety. Suppose there are two research groups (funded by the same government agency) who both arrive at the same conclusion that just coincidentally coincides with what the government sponsor wanted. Would this be considered independent? Or, these two research groups received funding from different agencies of the same government. Would that be considered independent? Or, these two research groups received funding from two different governments that both had the same accelerated development objectives for the technology of interest. Review articles tend to treat these types of cases as independent, and don't make the distinction as long as the validation doesn't arise from within the performer group/organization.
Given the broad support exhibited today by the USA Federal government, military, and industry for the rapid implementation of 5G (and, indeed, the governments of most, if not all, the major developed countries globally), all these organizations must present a united front in declaring 5G (and previous generations of mobile networking technology) to be safe. If one government lab, or one highly-funded performer, were to perform a credible real-life simulation of wireless radiation effects and show the potential damage that might result, then the
government's and industry's current fast-track effort to implement 5G before the full extent of the damage becomes known would be derailed.
It is unrealistic that any government would allow this to happen!

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Even reporting of conflict-of-interest in wireless radiation research papers or evaluation panels leaves much to be desired. Currently, potential research performer conflicts of interest are identified by listing of funding sources in the published papers, or other formal documented evidence of conflicts of interest. However, there are many potential conflicts of interest that may not be as formal, but could be at least as influential as the formal conflicts in determining the outcome of the research or proposal. To ascertain these other less formal conflicts of interest would require vetting:
1) any elements of the researchers'/evaluators' investment portfolio that would profit from operation and expansion of the mobile telecommunications network, including impacts on related industries;
2) any elements of their present business endeavors that would profit from operation and expansion of this network, including impacts on related industries;
3) any elements of present or future pensions that would profit from operation and expansion of this network, including impacts on related industries;
4) any proposals or future employment offers in the pipeline or being considered that would profit from operation and expansion of this network, including impacts on related industries;
5) any other conflicts of interest by which they could profit from operation and expansion of the mobile telecommunications network, including impacts on related industries.
2G. Conclusions
Wireless radiation offers the promise of improved 1) remote sensing, 2) communications and data transfer, and 3) connectivity. Unfortunately, there is a large body of data from laboratory and epidemiological studies showing that previous generations of wireless networking technology have significant adverse health impacts. Much of this data was obtained under conditions not reflective of the real-world. When real-world considerations are added, such as 1) including the information content of signals along with the carrier frequencies, and 2) including other toxic stimuli in combination with the wireless radiation, the adverse effects are increased substantially. Superimposing 5G mobile networking technology on an imbedded toxic wireless radiation environment (4G, 3G, etc) will exacerbate the myriad adverse health effects already shown to exist. Far more research and testing of potential 5G health effects is required before further rollout can be justified. Without this additional testing and demonstrated safety of potential 5G health effects, we will be even further along in The Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History!

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ADVERSE EFFECTS OF WIRELESS RADIATION ON FOUNDATIONAL FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN
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Vilic M, Gajger IT, Tucak P, Stambuk A, Srut M, Klobucar G, et al. Effects of shortterm exposure to mobile phone radiofrequency (900 MHz) on the oxidative response and genotoxicity in honey bee larvae. Journal of Apicultural Research. 2017;56(4):430-8.
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Chapter 4 ­ Appendices
Appendix 1 ­ Unethical Medical Experiments
A1-A. Overview
The biomedical literature reflects much good research. However, the world today is also awash in unethical medical experiments. There are two major types. The first type is classical unethical medical experiments, where test subjects are explicitly/proactively selected for experiments on biological effects of drugs or potentially harmful substances, and participate in these experiments without having given `informed consent'. The second type may be far more prevalent. Here, potentially harmful substances are introduced into commercial, military, or other government practice without adequate demonstration of safety. Then, test subjects are implicitly/reactively selected `a posteriori' to participate in these de facto experiments, again without having given informed consent. These latter studies are usually epidemiological studies.
In parallel with the burgeoning conduct of unethical medical experiments is production of a literature that addresses the ethics of, and in many cases bemoans the prevalence and conduct of, these myriad unethical medical experiments. The experiments and the accompanying ethics literature form a symbiosis, where the literature feeds off the experiments, and the experiments spawn an additional literature. It is not clear how much, if any, impact the ethics literature has had/does have/will have on the conduct of the unethical medical experiments, especially those unethical medical experiments of the second type defined above.
Appendix 1A provides a few examples of mainly classical unethical medical experiments, and Appendix 1B provides a few references that reflect the medical experiment ethics literature.

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Appendix 1A ­ Unethical Medical Experiments - Examples
This Sub-Appendix provides examples of unethical medical experiments, conducted mainly 1) over the last 100 years and 2) within the USA or under its auspices. The list is not exhaustive, since an abbreviated search approach was used, covering both Medline and the Web. Some of the more useful Web sources of information are shown in the following table:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_subject_research; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_torture; https://abuse.wikia.org/wiki/Unethical_human_experimentation_in_the_United_States; https://www.amazon.com/s?k=human+experimentation&i=stripbooks&page=2&gclid=Cj0KCQiA89zv BRDoARIsAOIePbBy8acwX6tfMZcGkZyi_UTov1I7_PxcFYDAgDWiAgHVc7anOyx57sIaAgtNEALw_wcB& hvadid=241915884190&hvdev=c&hvlocphy=9007578&hvnetw=g&hvpos=2o1&hvqmt=b&hvrand=12 61052967636955269&hvtargid=kwd1053626641&hydadcr=22561_10346245&qid=1576539483&ref=sr_pg_2; https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_industryweapons173.htm.

It should be noted that information of this type is not easy to obtain. The research performers and their sponsors are not motivated to reveal such odious experiments to any oversight organizations, and therefore tend to conceal these experiments to the largest extent possible. There are three main routes by which this information eventually gets to the public: whistle-blowers; discovery in legal lawsuits; inadvertent access by researchers examining other topics. While we don't know the extent of these types of experiments that have not been reported, it is probably a good assumption that there are huge numbers.
Following are some of the books and journal/magazine articles that describe these experiments. It is by no means a complete list, and the interested reader would be well-advised to read the articles with the Web links provided in the box.

Examples of Unethical Medical Experiments
Albarelli H.P, Kaye JS. The Hidden Tragedy of the CIA's Experiments on Children. 11 August 2010. Truthout.
Annas, George J.; Grodin, Michael A. The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation. 1995. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510106-5.
Anon. History of the Human Subjects Protection System. Institutional Review Board Guidebook. Office for Human Research Protections. 1993. Archived from the original on 201302-18. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
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Anon. Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Thyroid Screening Related to I-131 Exposure, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Exposure of the American People to I-131 from the Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests, ed. (1999). Exposure of the American people to Iodine131 from Nevada nuclear-bomb tests: review of the National Cancer Institute report and public health implications. National Academies Press. pp. 113­114. ISBN 9780309061759.
Anon. Report on Search for Human Radiation Experiment Records. (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. 1997.
Anon. American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on U.S. Citizens. 1986. United States. Congress. House. of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power, published by U.S. Government Printing Office.
Anon. How the U.S. government exposed thousands of Americans to lethal bacteria to test biological warfare. 13 July 2005. Democracynow.org.
Anon. Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Thyroid Screening Related to I-131 Exposure, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Exposure of the American People to I-131 from the Nevada Atomic Bomb Tests, ed. (1999). Exposure of the American people to Iodine131 from Nevada nuclear-bomb tests: review of the National Cancer Institute report and public health implications. National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-06175-9.
Anon. Jeder Mensch hat einen Name: Legal and ethical dimensions of human experiments under National Socialism. Psychiatrie (Stuttgart, Germany). 2010;7(4):255-60.
Anon. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1978-09-30), The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research (PDF), United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Anon. Project MKUltra, the Central Intelligence Agency's Program of Research into Behavioral Modification. 1977. Joint Hearing before the Select Committee on Intelligence and the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-Fifth Congress, First Session. (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office.
Ansell, BM, F. Antonini, L.E. Glynn: Cantharides blisters in children with rheumatic fever. Clinical Science, November 1953, 12 (4): 367-373.
Barker HM. Bravo for the Marshallese: Regaining Control in a Post-Nuclear, Post-Colonial World. 2004. Wadsworth, ISBN 0-534-61326-8
Barlett DL, Steele JB. Deadly Medicine. January 2011. Vanity Fair.

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Baumeister, Alan A. The Tulane Electrical Brain Stimulation Program. A historical Case Study in Medical Ethics. 2000. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences. 9 (3): 262­278. doi:10.1076/jhin.9.3.262.1787. PMID 11232368.
Baydala LT, Jill M. Starkes (2014). "Health research involving First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and their communities". Paediatrics & Child Health. 19 (2): 99­102. doi:10.1093/pch/19.2.99. PMC 3941676. PMID 24596485.
Beecher, H. K. Ethics and Clinical Research. 1966. New England Journal of Medicine. 274 (24): 1354­1360. doi:10.1056/NEJM196606162742405. PMC 2566401. PMID 5327352.
Berenbaum, Michael. The world must know: the history of the Holocaust as told in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 1993. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-09134-0.
Berger RL, M.D. (1990). Nazi Science -- The Dachau Hypothermia Experiments. The New England Journal of Medicine. 322 (20): 1435­1440. doi:10.1056/NEJM199005173222006. PMID 2184357.
Black WC. The etiology of acute infectious gingivostomatitis (Vincent's stomatitis). 1942. The Journal of Pediatrics. 20 (2): 145­60. doi:10.1016/S0022-3476(42)80125-0.
Black, Edwin. War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race. 2004. United States: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56858-258-7. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
Blue E. The Strange Career of Leo Stanley: Remaking Manhood and Medicine at San Quentin State Penitentiary, 1913­1951. (2009). Pacific Historical Review. 78 (2): 210­241. doi:10.1525/phr.2009.78.2.210. JSTOR 10.1525/phr.2009.78.2.210.
Blum W. Rogue state: a guide to the world's only superpower. 2006. Zed Books. pp. 147­149. ISBN 9781842778272.
Bogod, David. The Nazi Hypothermia Experiments: Forbidden Data? 2004. Anaesthesia. 59 (12): 1155­1156. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.04034.x. PMID 15549970.
Brody, Baruch A. The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective. 1998. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-509007-9.
Bryson, Christopher. "4". The fluoride deception. 2004. Seven Stories Press. ISBN 9781583225264.
Caton H. The ethics of human embryo experimentation. The Linacre quarterly. 1987;54(4):2442.
Cavaliere G. Disciplining Bioethics: The Debate Over Human Embryo Research : A (Grumpy)Review of J. Benjamin Hurlbut, 2017, Experiments in Democracy: Human Embryo

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Research and the Politics of Bioethics, Columbia University Press (New York, 978-0-23117954-6, 376 pp.). Journal of bioethical inquiry. 2018.
Chaudhary SK, Chaudhary K. Unethical experimental studies on humans. Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 1994;92(7):241-2.
Cherbonnier A. Nasal Radium Irradiation of Children Has Health Fallout. 1 October 1997. Baltimore Chronicle and Sentinel.
Christopher et al. Biological warfare. A historical perspective. 1997. Journal of the American Medical Association. 6 August 1997;278(5):412-7.
Cina, Stephen J.; Perper, Joshua A. When Doctors Kill. 2010. Springer. ISBN 978-1-4419-13685.
Cockburn, Alexander; Jeffrey St. Clair. Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. 1998. New York: Verso. ISBN 978-1-85984-258-4.
Cole LA. Clouds of Secrecy: The Army's germ warfare tests over populated areas. 1999. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Cole, Leonard A. The Eleventh Plague: The Politics of Biological and Chemical Warfare. 1996. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-8050-7214-3.
Conahan F. Human Experimentation: An overview of cold war experimentation programs. 1994. United States General Accounting Office.
Cooter R. In the Name of the Child. 1992. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-41223-7.
Cuerda-Galindo E, Sierra-Valenti X, Gonzalez-Lopez E, Lopez-Munoz F. Syphilis and human experimentation from the first appearance of the disease to World War II: a historical perspective and reflections on ethics. Actas dermo-sifiliograficas. 2014;105(8):762-7.
Cuerda-Galindo E, Sierra-Valenti X, Gonzalez-Lopez E, Lopez-Munoz F. Syphilis and human experimentation from World War II to the present: a historical perspective and reflections on ethics. Actas dermo-sifiliograficas. 2014;105(9):847-53.
Dahl M. Selection and destruction-treatment of "unworthy-to-live" children in the Third Reich and the role of child and adolescent psychiatry. 2001. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 50:170-91.
Deutsch E. Ethical and legal problems of medical experiments on humans. Comparative consideration of American "human experimentation" and German medical research. Monographien aus dem Gesamtgebiete der Psychiatrie. 1978;19:53-60.
Dober, Gregory. Cheaper than Chimpanzees: Expanding the Use of Prisoners in Medical Experiments. 2008. Prison Legal News, Vol. 19 No. 3.

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Dracobly A. Ethics and experimentation on human subjects in mid-nineteenth-century France: the story of the 1859 syphilis experiments. Bulletin of the history of medicine. 2003;77(2):33266.
Eckart WU. Man, Medicine, and the State: The human body as an object of government sponsored medical research in the 20th century. 2006. Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN 978-3-51508794-0.
Elliott C. The Deadly Corruption of Clinical Trials. 2010. Mother Jones.
Estabrooks, G.H. Hypnosis comes of age. Science Digest, 44-50, April 1971
Farahany NA, Greely HT, Hyman S, Koch C, Grady C, Paca SP, et al. The ethics of experimenting with human brain tissue. Nature. 2018;556(7702):429-32.
Farber SA. Nasal Radium Irradiation: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, Bad Ethics. 1996. Testimony to U.S. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs (ACHRE hearings). ISBN 9780788148699.
Fletcher J, Sowle CR, Levine M, Radford EP, Jr., Vaughan JH, Jr., Hess EV, et al. Human experiments--some questions of ethics. Postgraduate medicine. 1968;43(3):80-5.
Frankel, Mark S. The Development of Policy Guidelines Governing Human Experimentation in the United States. 1975. Ethics in Science and Medicine. 2.
Freeman K. The Unfought Chemical War. 1991. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists: 30-39.
Friedlander, Henry. The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution'. 1997. University of North Carolina Press.
Friedman JS ed. (2005). The Secret Histories: Hidden Truths that Challenged the Past and Changed the World. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-42517-3.
Gardella, JE. The cost-effectiveness of killing: an overview of Nazi euthanasia. 1999. Medical Sentinel. 4: 132­5.
Ghoshal N, Wilkinson PO. Flowers for Algernon: The ethics of human experimentation on the intellectually disabled. Psychiatria Danubina. 2017;29(Suppl 3):194-5.
Gillmor, D. I Swear by Apollo: Dr. Ewen Cameron and the CIA-Brainwashing Experiments. 1987. Montreal: Eden Press.
Goldzieher JW, Moses LE, Averkin E, Scheel C, Taber BZ. "A placebo-controlled double-blind crossover investigation of the side effects attributed to oral contraceptives". 1971. Fertil Steril. 22 (9): 609­23. doi:10.1016/s0015-0282(16)38469-2. PMID 4105854.
Goliszek A. In the Name of Science: A History of Secret Programs, Medical Research, and Human Experimentation. 2003. St. Martin's Press.

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Gordon D. The Verdict: No harm, no foul. 1996. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 52 (1).
Gray, Fred D. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Montgomery: New South Books, 1998.
Griffiths J, Bryson C. Fluoride, Teeth, and the Atomic Bomb. September 1997. Waste Not, Issue #414.
Grodin, Michael A. & Glantz, Leonard H., ed. Children as research subjects: science, ethics, and law. 1994. Oxford University Press US. ISBN 9780195071030.
Gustafsson, BE; Quensel, CE; Lanke, LS; Lundqvist, C; Grahnen, H; Bonow, BE; Krasse, B. The Vipeholm dental caries study; the effect of different levels of carbohydrate intake on caries activity in 436 individuals observed for five years. 1954. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. 11 (3­4): 232­64. doi:10.3109/00016355308993925. PMID 13196991.
Halpern, Sydney A. Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research. 2006. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-31452-5.
Hammer Breslow, Lauren. The Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act of 2002: The Rise of the Voluntary Incentive Structure and Congressional Refusal to Require Pediatric Testing. 2003. Harvard Journal of Legislation, Vol. 40. 133-93.
Harkness, J.; Lederer, S.; Wikler, D. (2001). "Laying ethical foundations for clinical research". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 79 (4): 365­366. PMC 2566394. PMID 11357216.
Hilleman MR. Vaccines, human experimentation, and ethics in evolutionary perspective. Developments in biological standardization. 1998;95:13-7.
Hilts PJ, Stolberg SG. Ethics lapses at Duke halt dozens of human experiments. The New York times on the Web. 1999:A26.
Hilts PJ. Study or human experiment? Face-lift project stirs ethical concerns. The New York times on the Web. 1998:25-6.
Hornblum, Allen M. (1998). Acres of Skin: Human experiments at Holmesburg Prison, a story of abuse and exploitation in the name of medical science. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-91990-6.
Hornblum, Allen M. (2007). Sentenced to Science: One Black Man's Story of Imprisonment in America. The Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-03336-5.
Hornblum, Allen M.; Newman, Judith Lynn; Dober, Gregory J. (2013). Against Their Will: The Secret History of Medical Experimentation on Children in Cold War America. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-34171-5.
Howard-Jones N. Human experimentation in historical and ethical perspectives. Social science & medicine (1982). 1982;16(15):1429-48.

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Howell T, Sack RL. The ethics of human experimentation in psychiatry: toward a more informed consensus. Psychiatry. 1981;44(2):113-32.
Huchthausen JP. A Legacy of Secrecy and Atrocities: Government Experiments on Humans and Animals. 2012. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Hunt L. Secret Agenda: The United States Government, Nazi Scientists, and Project Paperclip, 1945 to 1990. 1991. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Iacopino V, Allen SA, Keller AS. Ethics. Bad science used to support torture and human experimentation. Science (New York, NY). 2011;331(6013):34-5.
Jody D, Lieberman JA, Geisler S, Szymanski S, Alvir JM (1990). Behavioral response to methylphenidate and treatment outcome in first episode schizophrenia. Psychopharmacol Bull. 26 (2): 224­30. PMID 2236460.
Jones JH. Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment. 1993 Free Press.
Jonsen AR. The Birth of Bioethics. 1998. Oxford University Press.
Kaiser J. Toxicology. Academy panel mulls ethics of human pesticide experiments. Science (New York, NY). 2003;299(5605):327-9.
Kalechofsky R. Human Experimentations: Before the Nazi era and after. http://www.micahbooks.com/readingroom/humanexperimentation.
Kaler, Amy (1998). "A threat to the nation and a threat to the men: the banning of Depo-Provera in Zimbabwe, 1981". Journal of Southern African Studies. 24 (2): 347. doi:10.1080/03057079808708580.
Katz RV, Kegeles SS, Kressin NR, et al. (November 2006). "The Tuskegee Legacy Project: willingness of Minorities to Participate in Biomedical Research". J Health Care Poor Underserved. 17 (4): 698­715. doi:10.1353/hpu.2006.0126. PMC 1780164. PMID 17242525.
Kaye, Jonathan. "Retin-A's Wrinkled Past", Pennsylvania History Review, Spring 1997.
Kerpel-Fronius S. Influence of the Nuremberg physicians' trials--beginning a new era in the ethical judging of human experiments. Orvosi hetilap. 2008;149(5):195-201.
Kopp, V. (1999). "Henry Knowles Beecher and the development of informed consent in anesthesia research". Anesthesiology. 90 (6): 1756­1765. doi:10.1097/00000542-19990600000034. PMID 10360876.
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LaFleur WR, Gernot Böhme, Susumu Shimazono, eds. Dark Medicine: Rationalizing Unethical Medical Research. 2008. Indiana University Press.
Langer E. Human Experimentation: Cancer Studies at Sloan-Kettering Stir Public Debate on Medical Ethics. Science (New York, NY). 1964;143(3606):551-3.
Layman EJ. Human experimentation: historical perspective of breaches of ethics in US health care. The health care manager. 2009;28(4):354-74.
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Lederer SE. Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War. 1997. The Henry E. Sigerist Series in the History of Medicine. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
Lee, M. A., Shlain, B. (1985). Acid Dreams, the Complete Social History of LSD: the CIA, the Sixties, and Beyond. Grove Press.
Lefor AT. Scientific misconduct and unethical human experimentation: historic parallels and moral implications. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif). 2005;21(7-8):878-82.
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Lieberman JA, Alvir J, Geisler S, Ramos-Lorenzi J, Woerner M, Novacenko H, Cooper T, Kane JM (1994). "Methylphenidate response, psychopathology and tardive dyskinesia as predictors of relapse in schizophrenia". Neuropsychopharmacology. 11 (2): 107­18. doi:10.1038/npp.1994.40. PMID 7840862.
Lieberman JA, Kane JM, Gadaleta D, Brenner R, Lesser MS, Kinon B (1984). "Methylphenidate challenge as a predictor of relapse in schizophrenia". Am J Psychiatry. 141 (5): 633­8. doi:10.1176/ajp.141.5.633. PMID 6143506.
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Loue, Sana (2000). Textbook of research ethics: theory and practice. Springer. ISBN 978-0-30646448-5.
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Health. Oxford University Press. 19 (2): 64. doi:10.1093/pch/19.2.64. PMC 3941673. PMID 24596474.
Maio G. Medical ethics as health policy. On the French discussion of human experimentation after 1945. Medizinhistorisches Journal. 2001;36(1):35-80.
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Moss, William; Eckhardt, Roger (1995). "The Human Plutonium Injection Experiments" (PDF). Los Alamos Science. Radiation Protection and the Human Radiation Experiments (23): 177­223. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
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Ross CA. The C.I.A. Doctors: Human Rights Violations by American Psychiatrists. 2006. Manitou Communications.
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Stein R. U.S. apologizes for newly revealed syphilis experiments done in Guatemala. 2010. The Washington Post.
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Villa L. Ethics and deontology of experimentation on humans. Minerva medica. 1966;57(89):3733-9.
Visser HKA. Experimental malaria in human volunteers: ethical aspects. The Netherlands journal of medicine. 2005;63(2):41-2.
Voino-Iasenetskii MV. Animal experiments, human biopsies and medical ethics. Klinicheskaia meditsina. 1978;56(4):140-4.
Walters L. Ethical issues in experimentation on the human fetus. The Journal of religious ethics. 1974;2(1):33-54.

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Washington HA. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. 2008. Anchor.
Wasserman H. Killing Our Own: The disaster of America's experience with atomic radiation. Delacorte Press, 1992, ISBN 978-0-440-04567-0
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Weindling, Paul (Spring 2001). The Origins of Informed Consent - Nuremberg Code, Bulletin of the History of Medicine.
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Weyers W. (2003). The abuse of man: an illustrated history of dubious medical experimentation. Ardor Scribendi. ISBN 9781893357211.
Wheelis, Mark; Rózsa, Lajos; Dando, Malcolm (2006). Deadly cultures: biological weapons since 1945. Harvard University Press. pp. 27­28. ISBN 978-0-674-01699-6.
Whitaker, Robert. Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill. 2003. Basic Books. ISBN 9780465020140.
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Wiater AH. Experiments with germinating human life. Medical ethical problems of test-tube babies. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946). 1982;107(43):1647-50.
Wikler D. The central ethical problem in human experimentation and three solutions. Clinical research. 1978;26(6):380-3.
Wilshire HG; Jane E. Nielson; Richard W. Hazlett (2008). The American West at Risk: Science, Myths, and Politics of Land Abuse and Recovery. Oxford University Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-019-514205-1.
Xu Y, Zhu Z, Wang L. The survey of clinical human experimentation research in ethical review of postgraduates students. Journal international de bioethique = International journal of bioethics. 2012;23(2):131-9, 81.
Young L. What happened to Jim? Experiments on Canada's indigenous populations. 2016.Global News.

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Appendix 1B ­ Ethics of Medical Experiments ­ References
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Bergkamp L. Research ethics committees and the regulation of medical experimentation with human beings in The Netherlands. Medicine and law. 1988;7(1):65-72.
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Bernstein JE. Ethical considerations in human experimentation. The Journal of clinical pharmacology and new drugs. 1975;15(8-9):579-90.
Brennan MJ, Rakatansky H. Ethics of human experimentation. Annals of internal medicine. 1966;65(6):1342-3.
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Research and the Politics of Bioethics, Columbia University Press (New York, 978-0-23117954-6, 376 pp.). Journal of bioethical inquiry. 2018.
Chaudhary SK, Chaudhary K. Unethical experimental studies on humans. Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 1994;92(7):241-2.
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Cuerda-Galindo E, Sierra-Valenti X, Gonzalez-Lopez E, Lopez-Munoz F. Syphilis and human experimentation from the first appearance of the disease to World War II: a historical perspective and reflections on ethics. Actas dermo-sifiliograficas. 2014;105(8):762-7.
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Deutsch E. Ethical and legal problems of medical experiments on humans. Comparative consideration of American "human experimentation" and German medical research. Monographien aus dem Gesamtgebiete der Psychiatrie. 1978;19:53-60.
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Edgar H, Rothman DJ. The institutional review board and beyond: future challenges to the ethics of human experimentation. The Milbank quarterly. 1995;73(4):489-506.
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Enoch M-A, Johnson K, George DT, Schumann G, Moss HB, Kranzler HR, et al. Ethical considerations for administering alcohol or alcohol cues to treatment-seeking alcoholics in a research setting: can the benefits to society outweigh the risks to the individual? A commentary in the context of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism -Recommended Council Guidelines on Ethyl Alcohol Administration in Human Experimentation (2005). Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research. 2009;33(9):1508-12.
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Farahany NA, Greely HT, Hyman S, Koch C, Grady C, Paca SP, et al. The ethics of experimenting with human brain tissue. Nature. 2018;556(7702):429-32.
Fletcher G. On ethics in human experimentation. Anesthesiology. 1970;32(5):471-2.
Fletcher J, Sowle CR, Levine M, Radford EP, Jr., Vaughan JH, Jr., Hess EV, et al. Human experiments--some questions of ethics. Postgraduate medicine. 1968;43(3):80-5.

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Frenkel DA. Human experimentation: codes of ethics. Legal medical quarterly. 1977;1(1):7-14.
Freund PA. Ethical problems in human experimentation. The New England journal of medicine. 1965;273(13):687-92.
Friedman RJ. Scientific and ethical considerations in human clinical experimentation. Southern medical journal. 1992;85(9):917-22.
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Ghoshal N, Wilkinson PO. Flowers for Algernon: The ethics of human experimentation on the intellectually disabled. Psychiatria Danubina. 2017;29(Suppl 3):194-5.
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Graham JB. Human experimentation: the ethical dilemma. North Carolina medical journal. 1984;45(6):405-9.
Gutteridge F. Human experimentation and medical ethics. International guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects. WHO chronicle. 1981;35(6):212-5.
Gutteridge F. Human experimentation and medical ethics. The Australian nurses' journal Royal Australian Nursing Federation. 1982;11(10):23-5.
Gutteridge F. International nursing: human experimentation and medical ethics. The Australian nurses' journal Royal Australian Nursing Federation. 1982;11(10):23-5.
Harper L, Herbst KW, Kalfa N. Ethical issues in research: Human and animal experimentation. Journal of pediatric urology. 2018;14(3):286.
Harper L, Herbst KW, Kalfa N. Ethical issues in research: Human and animal experimentation. Journal of pediatric urology. 2018;14(3):287-8.
Hazelgrove J. The old faith and the new science: the Nuremberg Code and human experimentation ethics in Britain, 1946-73. Social history of medicine : the journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine. 2002;15(1):109-35.
Heimann P, Isaksson D, Strom G. Medical ethics and human experiments. Social-Medicinsk tidskrift. 1963;40:143-52.
Hilleman MR. Vaccines, human experimentation, and ethics in evolutionary perspective. Developments in biological standardization. 1998;95:13-7.
Hilts PJ, Stolberg SG. Ethics lapses at Duke halt dozens of human experiments. The New York times on the Web. 1999:A26.

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Hilts PJ. Study or human experiment? Face-lift project stirs ethical concerns. The New York times on the Web. 1998:25-6.
Horner J, Minifie FD. Research ethics I: Responsible conduct of research (RCR)--historical and contemporary issues pertaining to human and animal experimentation. Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR. 2011;54(1):S303-29.
Horowitz HS. Ethical considerations ih human experimentation. Journal of dental research. 1977;56:C154-9.
Horowitz HS. Ethical considerations in human experimentation. Journal of dental research. 1977;56 Spec No:C154-9.
Howard-Jones N. Human experimentation in historical and ethical perspectives. Social science & medicine (1982). 1982;16(15):1429-48.
Howell T, Sack RL. The ethics of human experimentation in psychiatry: toward a more informed consensus. Psychiatry. 1981;44(2):113-32.
Hrynkiewicz L. THE ETHICS OF HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION. The New England journal of medicine. 1964;270:1014-5.
Human experimentation and medical ethics. Nature. 1973;242(5394):152-3.
Human experimentation. Code of ethics of the World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki, 1964. Acta diabetologica latina. 1972;9(1):I-IV.
Human Experimentation: Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki). Canadian Medical Association journal. 1964;91(11):619.
Iacopino V, Allen SA, Keller AS. Ethics. Bad science used to support torture and human experimentation. Science (New York, NY). 2011;331(6013):34-5.
Ingelfinger FJ. Ethics of human experimentation defined by a national commission. The New England journal of medicine. 1977;296(1):44-5.
International ethical guides for human experimentation. Gaceta medica de Mexico. 1981;117(10):387-9.
Jacobson SF. Ethical issues in experimentation with human subjects. Nursing forum. 1973;12(1):58-71.
Jeder Mensch hat einen Name: Legal and Ethical Dimensions of Human Experiments under National Socialism. Psychiatrie (Stuttgart, Germany). 2010;7(4):255-60.
Kaiser J. Toxicology. Academy panel mulls ethics of human pesticide experiments. Science (New York, NY). 2003;299(5605):327-9.
Kazar G. Ethical implications of human experimentation. Orvosi hetilap. 1989;130(37):2015-6.

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Kerpel-Fronius S. Influence of the Nuremberg physicians' trials--beginning a new era in the ethical judging of human experiments. Orvosi hetilap. 2008;149(5):195-201.
Khoo OT. Ethics of transplantation and human experimentation. Singapore medical journal. 1974;15(3):161-73.
Knepper JD. Use of human subjects in experimentation: a review of legal and ethical issues. Journal of the American Medical Record Association. 1982;53(4):62-7 contd.
Knock FE. ETHICAL PROBLEMS OF HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1965;13:515-9.
Knoepffler N, Dettweiler U. Human experimentation. Legal regulation and ethical justification in Germany. Revista de derecho y genoma humano = Law and the human genome review. 2002(17):57-74.
Krauthammer C. The ethics of human experimentation. New republic (New York, NY). 1981;185(23):16-9.
Krystal JH. Commentary: first, do no harm. Then, do some good: ethics and human experimental psychopharmacology. The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences. 2002;39(2):89-91.
Langer E. Human Experimentation: Cancer Studies at Sloan-Kettering Stir Public Debate on Medical Ethics. Science (New York, NY). 1964;143(3606):551-3.
Layman EJ. Human experimentation: historical perspective of breaches of ethics in US health care. The health care manager. 2009;28(4):354-74.
Leake CD. After-dinner address: ethical theories and human experimentation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1970;169(2):388-96.
Lefor AT. Scientific misconduct and unethical human experimentation: historic parallels and moral implications. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif). 2005;21(7-8):878-82.
Letter: Ethics of human experimentation. The New England journal of medicine. 1975;292(6):320-1.
Levine RJ. Symposium--ethics of human experimentation. Clinical research. 1973;21(4):774-6.
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Luy J. Ethical and legal aspects of animal experiments on non-human primates. DTW Deutsche tierarztliche Wochenschrift. 2007;114(3):81-5.
Maio G. Medical ethics as health policy. On the French discussion of human experimentation after 1945. Medizinhistorisches Journal. 2001;36(1):35-80.
Marshall E. Human experimentation. Bioethics panel urges broader oversight. Science (New York, NY). 2001;292(5521):1466-7.

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Marziale MHP, Mendes IAC. The publication of studies involving human experimentation in nursing journals: ethical issues. Revista latino-americana de enfermagem. 2002;10(2):125-9.
Mathewson HS. ETHICS OF HUMAN EXPERIMENTATION. Applied therapeutics. 1964;6:605-6.
McAlister WH. Human experimentation: regulations and ethics. AJR American journal of roentgenology. 1978;130(6):1200-1.
McCaughey D. The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation, by Paul M. McNeill. Bioethics. 1995;9(5):437-43.
Meira AR. Human experimentation: ethics and law. Revista paulista de medicina. 1991;109(3):131-3.
Metzger WG, Ehni HJ, Kremsner PG, Mordmuller BG. Experimental infections in humanshistorical and ethical reflections. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH. 2019;24(12):1384-90.
Morad Y, Levy Y, Eldad A. Human experimentation in the Israel Defence Forces--between the hammer of necessity and the anvil of ethics. Harefuah. 2000;138(9):765-7.
Nahum LH. Ethical problems in human experimentation. 1. In relation to law. Connecticut medicine. 1966;30(2):98-101.
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Nyerges G. Ethical implications of scientific human experiments. Orvosi hetilap. 1985;126(24):1451-8.
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Perez Miravete A. Bioethics and medical ethics in human experimentation. Salud publica de Mexico. 1983;25(4):423-31.

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Perez-Miravete A. Ethical principles in experimental research with human beings. Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana Pan American Sanitary Bureau. 1981;91(6):546-50.
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Rothman DJ. Ethics and human experimentation. Henry Beecher revisited. The New England journal of medicine. 1987;317(19):1195-9.
Sardenberg T, Muller SS, Pereira HR, de Oliveira RA, Hossne WS. Analysis of ethical aspects on human experimentation included in the instructions for the authors in 139 Brazilian scientific journals. Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992). 1999;45(4):295-302.
Saso L, Silvestrini B. Ethical issues of human experimentation with special reference to informed consent. Minerva medica. 2000;91(10):255-65.
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Tanner DE. Narrative, ethics, and human experimentation in Richard Selzer's "Alexis St. Martin": the miraculous wound re-examined. HEC forum : an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues. 2000;12(2):149-60.
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Tognoni G. The challenged but indispensable role of ethical committees for human clinical experimentation. Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. 2015;71:420-2.
Tomossy GF. Ethical regulation or regulating ethics? The need for both internal and external governance of human experimentation. Monash bioethics review. 2002;21(4):S59-65.
Tremayne-Lloyd T, Srebrolow G. Research ethics approval for human and animal experimentation: consequences of failing to obtain approval--including legal and professional liability. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. 2007;51(1):56-60.
Veatch RM, Sollitto S. Human experimentation--the ethical questions persist. The Hastings Center report. 1973;3(3):1-3.
Villa L. Ethics and deontology of experimentation on humans. Minerva medica. 1966;57(89):3733-9.
Visser HKA. Experimental malaria in human volunteers: ethical aspects. The Netherlands journal of medicine. 2005;63(2):41-2.
Voino-Iasenetskii MV. Animal experiments, human biopsies and medical ethics. Klinicheskaia meditsina. 1978;56(4):140-4.
Vollmann J, Winau R. The Prussian regulation of 1900: early ethical standards for human experimentation in Germany. Irb. 1996;18(4):9-11.
Walters L. Ethical issues in experimentation on the human fetus. The Journal of religious ethics. 1974;2(1):33-54.
Wecht CH. Human experimentation and clinical investigation--legal and ethical considerations. Legal medicine annual. 1977;1976:299-313.
Weindling P, von Villiez A, Loewenau A, Farron N. The victims of unethical human experiments and coerced research under National Socialism. Endeavour. 2016;40(1):1-6.
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White RJ. Human experimentation. Is it ethical? The Ohio State medical journal. 1985;81(6):387-9, 92.

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Wiater AH. Experiments with germinating human life. Medical ethical problems of test-tube babies. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946). 1982;107(43):1647-50.
Wikler D. The central ethical problem in human experimentation and three solutions. Clinical research. 1978;26(6):380-3.
Xu Y, Zhu Z, Wang L. The survey of clinical human experimentation research in ethical review of postgraduates students. Journal international de bioethique = International journal of bioethics. 2012;23(2):131-9, 81.

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Appendix 2 ­ Manual Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Health Effects Database
A2-A. Category Themes
A query to retrieve Medline records showing adverse health effects of wireless radiation was generated. The query was entered into the Medline search engine, and ~15,000 records were retrieved. Filtering was applied to the retrieval to remove records not associated with adverse health effects of wireless radiation, and 5311 records remained. Thousands of the highest frequency title and abstract phrases were read, the categories from the factor analysis and text clustering approaches of Appendices 3 and 4 were evaluated, and a manual taxonomy of main categories in the database was generated. The ~10,000 highest frequency abstract phrases were visually inspected, and assigned to the appropriate categories in the taxonomy.
The following table (A2-1) shows the categories in the taxonomy, and the phrases associated with each category. For each category, the records associated with the phrases identified were highlighted, and the titles of those records were extracted. Following the table, each category and representative record titles are shown in order to display the breadth of coverage of the category.
In the process of selecting the record titles to represent the category's theme, a second level of filtering was done (visual inspection). Strong emphasis was placed on 1) records associated with microwave frequencies; 2) exposures not exceeding FCC and ICNIRP-based limits; 3) records that clearly showed adverse effects. This meant that large numbers of records showing adverse health effects from especially i) power/ELF frequencies and ii) high microwave power exposures that had both thermal and athermal effects were not shown.
In the latter case (high microwave power exposures), where thermal effects exist, the assumption is usually made that any adverse effects shown are due to thermal effects. This may or may not be correct. Adverse effects could be due to thermal effects, they could be due to higher radiation intensity athermal effects, or they could be due to some (potentially synergistic) combination of thermal and athermal effects. In the record selection process, I used the conservative approach of not selecting records where the radiation flux was associated with increased temperatures.

The categories are not orthogonal; there is some overlap, especially among categories that cover different levels of detail (e.g., cancer-genotoxicity, reproduction-biomarkers, etc). Therefore, some representative record titles may appear in more than one category.
The major adverse effects are listed in the first column (Category), and the phrases associated with the theme are listed in the second column (Key Phrases). These adverse effects are self-explanatory. Each category in the taxonomy is hyper-linked to its respective record titles. To obtain the full record, insert title into Pubmed, or similar Medline search engine.

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CATEGORY
Cancer/Tumors

Table A2-1 ­ Manual Taxonomy
KEY PHRASES cancer, leukemia, cancers, carcinogenic, breast cancer, malignant, leukaemia, cancer risk, glioma, brain cancer, carcinogenesis, brain tumours, lymphoma, carcinogen, childhood cancer, childhood leukaemia, carcinoma, brain tumor, cancer incidence, carcinogenicity, lymphoblastic, acute lymphoblastic, melanoma, gliomas, neoplasms, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, breast cancer risk, carcinogens, lymphoblastic leukemia, neoplastic, glioblastoma, leukemia risk, malignancy, leukemias, malignancies, neuroblastoma, cancer risks, lung cancer, childhood cancers, lymphomas, astrocytoma, malignant brain, Acute leukemia, mammary gland, brain cancers, glioma risk, Malignant melanoma, malignant neoplasms, neoplasia, hyperplasia, myeloid leukemia, carcinomas, neuroblastoma cells, testicular cancer, leukaemias, neoplasm, mammary cancer, myeloma, nervous system cancers, adenocarcinoma, cocarcinogenic, colorectal, glioblastoma multiforme, Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, seminoma, breast carcinoma, colon cancer, glioma meningioma, larynx, neoplastic transformation, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, tumor, tumors, tumours, brain tumors, tumour, neuroma, acoustic neuroma, meningioma, brain tumour, tumor risk, tumor growth, tumor incidence, mammary tumors, tumor promotion, intracranial tumors, tumor promoter, gland tumors, meningiomas, tumorigenesis, tumour risk, benign tumors, nervous system tumors, neuromas, acoustic neuromas, breast tumors, gland tumours, parotid gland tumors, tumor-promoting

Neurodegenerative

memory, cognitive, central nervous system, learning, neurodegenerative, Alzheimer's, learning and memory, Alzheimer's disease, cognition, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, cognitive function, cognitive functions, neurobehavioral, dementia, spatial learning, acetylcholine, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, Glial fibrillary, motor activity, multiple sclerosis, cognitive impairment, spatial learning and memory, neurodegenerative disease, neuronal damage, Alzheimer disease, cognitive effects, seizure, seizures, autism, cognitive functioning, cognitive processing, memory function, memory impairment, memory loss, neurological diseases, neuronal excitability, cognitive dysfunction, memory deficit, memory functions, neurocognitive, neuronal degeneration, spatial working memory

Reproduction

pregnancy, reproductive, pregnant, sperm, embryos, testicular, fertility, embryo, testis, embryonic, fetuses, testosterone, motility, infertility, reproduction, testes, semen, spermatozoa,

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Genotoxicity Cardiovascular

spermatogenesis, reproductive system, sperm motility, male fertility, sperm count, embryogenesis, abortion, male reproductive, spermatogenic, embryonic development, mating, male infertility, birth defects, serum testosterone, adverse reproductive, miscarriage, reproductive organs, semen parameters, sperm concentration, sperm parameters, testicular function, testosterone level, epididymis, male reproductive system, spermatogenic cells, spermatogonia, fertilized eggs, ovaries, reproductive capacity, reproductive outcomes, sperm cells, sperm morphology, fertile, pregnancies, reproductive function, testicular tissue, rat testes, rat testis, reproductive functions, reproductive systems, sperm DNA, spermatogonial, testis tissue, embryogeny, reproductive health, sperm cell, miscarriages, offsprings, oocyte, oogenesis, preterm birth, seminal vesicles, Sperm head, spermatids, sperms, testicles, fetal loss, genital, gonads, reproductive hormones, semen analysis DNA damage, genotoxic, micronuclei, chromosomal, micronucleus, chromosome, genotoxicity, genotoxic effects, mutagenic, strand breaks, chromatin, mutation, DNA strand, Chromatid, mutations, chromosome aberrations, chromosomes, DNA fragmentation, double-strand, chromosomal aberrations, DNA repair, DNA strand breaks, micronucleus (MN), genetic damage, micronuclei (MN), Sister Chromatid, genome, blood leukocytes, double-strand breaks, oxidative DNA, chromosomal damage, DNA synthesis, mutant, cellular stress, chromosome aberration, oxidative DNA damage, Purkinje cells, DNA breaks, cell cycle arrest, clastogenic, genotoxic potential, keratinocytes, micronucleated, single strand, cell division, chromatid exchange, Chromatid Exchanges, genetic material, micronucleus test, Mutagenesis, cell cycle progression, cellular DNA, Cytochrome c, double strand, genetic effects, genomic instability, micronucleus frequency, DNA single-strand, DNAdamaging, Mutagen, mutagenicity, single strand breaks, chromatin condensation, chromosomal aberration, double-strand breaks (DSBs), strand breakage, cell cycle distribution, cell DNA, genetically, strand DNA Cardiac, cardiovascular, pacemaker, pacemakers, implanted, blood pressure, implantable, vascular, heart rate variability, myocardial, heart rate variability (HRV), implants, cardiac pacemakers, implantation, defibrillators, implant, cardioverter, myocardium, cardiovascular system, implantable cardioverter, Cardiovascular disease, defibrillator, fibrillation, arrhythmia, arterial blood pressure, autonomic nervous system, cardioverter defibrillators, implanted pacemakers, cardiac pacemaker, hypertension, arrhythmias, cardioverter-defibrillators, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, pacemaker function, heart disease, implanted cardiac, tachycardia, cardiac devices, circulatory system, microcirculation, blood vessels,
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Immunity Biomarkers
Sensory Disorders

cardiomyocytes, cardiovascular effects, vascular permeability, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, ventricular fibrillation, arterial pressure, Atrial fibrillation, cardiac output, cardiovascular function, Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), implantable devices, arrhythmic, carotid artery, pacemaker dysfunction, pacemaker malfunction lymphocytes, immune, lymphocyte, immune system, immunity, blood lymphocytes, leukocytes, antibodies, immune response, human lymphocytes, antibody, peripheral blood lymphocytes, immunological, leukocyte, neutrophils, lymphocytic, immune functions, immunoreactivity, autoimmune, immunization, monocytes, neutrophil, antigens, macrophage, immune parameters, immune responses, immunocompetent, natural killer cells, spleen lymphocytes, immunologic, immunoreactive, micronucleated cells, monoclonal antibodies, spleen cells, splenocytes, T lymphocytes, antibody production, antibody-forming, monoclonal antibody apoptosis, oxidative stress, Malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, apoptotic, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidation, permeability, catalase, MDA, ROS, ROS), reactive oxygen species (ROS), Malondialdehyde (MDA), SOD), cell death, glutathione peroxidase, inflammatory, erythrocytes, oxidative damage, SOD, caspase-3, free radical, nitric oxide, free radicals, biomarkers, bcl-2, catalase (CAT), inflammation, corticosterone, edema, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), cytokine, cytokines, alkaline phosphatase, cell apoptosis, protein kinase, ATP, glutathione (GSH), oxidation, TNF-alpha, Bax, Ca2+, estrogen, ornithine decarboxylase, red blood cells, intracellular calcium, cell damage, apoptotic cell, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, cerebral blood flow, glutamate, hydrogen peroxide, IL-1beta, Purkinje, serotonin, apoptotic cell death, barrier permeability, carbonyl, hormone levels, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), acetylcholinesterase, calcium ion, Calcium ions, endothelial cells, GABA, MDA levels, ODC, xanthine oxidase, creatinine, intracellular ROS, cholinesterase, lipid peroxidation levels, pro-inflammatory, protein kinase C, adrenocorticotropic hormone, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, caspase 3, caspase-9, catalase activity, glutathione levels, NF-kappaB, atrophy, nitric oxide synthase, cAMP, acid phosphatase, adenosine deaminase, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), blood cell count, blood platelets, Ca++, adrenaline, C-reactive protein, oxidative damages, Reactive Oxygen Species), vascular endothelial growth factor auditory, acoustic, ear, hypersensitivity, EHS), EHS, electromagnetic hypersensitivity, otoacoustic, vestibular, hypersensitive, cataract, cochlea, auditory system, inner ear, lens epithelial, corneal, tinnitus, vision, lenses, otoacoustic emissions, hearing loss, otoacoustic emission, epidermis, rabbit lens,

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dermatitis, auditory stimuli, cataractogenic, Auditory brainstem response (ABR), auditory evoked, electrohypersensitive, electrosensitivity, vestibular system, cochlear implants, dermatological, hearing function, hearing thresholds, pain sensitivity, pain threshold, skin complaints

Discomfort Symptoms

depression, anxiety, headache, headaches, dizziness, depressed, depressive, vertigo, cataracts, behavioral effects, nausea, headache dizziness, low back pain, behavioural effects,

Congenital Abnormalities

malformations, teratogenic, congenital, congenital malformations, teratogenicity, malformation, teratogens, teratologic, cleft palate, congenital anomalies, malformed, teratological

Circadian Rhythym and Melatonin

melatonin, sleep, circadian, melatonin production, sleep disturbances, insomnia, melatonin levels, melatonin secretion, sleep disorders, sleep EEG, poor sleep, pineal function

Chronic Conditions

metabolism, metabolic, glucose, endocrine, cholesterol, Diabetes, calcium homeostasis, glucose levels, homeostatic, metabolic activity, metabolic heat production, Diabetes Mellitus, diabetic, glucose metabolism, obesity

All the records shown in this Appendix, and their relevant citing papers, were analyzed

further for most frequent keywords relating to serious symptoms/disease. In order of frequency,

they are: oxidative stress; Apoptosis; DNA damage; melatonin; Reactive oxygen species;

glioma; Testis; cancer; liver; Malondialdehyde; Brain cancer; testosterone; Anxiety; Depression;

Lipid peroxidation; ROS; Chromosomal aberrations; Learning and memory; oxidative damage;

sperm; testes; Infertility; spermatogenesis; Breast cancer; Cell cycle; Genotoxicity; Kidney;

Leukemia; Male infertility; micronuclei; Pregnancy; Sleep; sperm motility; acoustic neuroma;

carcinogenesis; carcinogenicity; Cognitive function; fertility; Heart rate variability;

Micronucleus; Reproduction; Spatial memory; Stress; Alzheimer's disease; astrocytoma;

Autophagy; Cognition; Cytotoxicity; free radicals.

These match well with the prior results shown for this strongly filtered database.

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A2-B. Category Record Titles
CANCER/TUMORS
Keywords ­ cancer, leukemia, cancers, carcinogenic, breast cancer, malignant, leukaemia, cancer risk, glioma, brain cancer, carcinogenesis, brain tumours, lymphoma, carcinogen, childhood cancer, childhood leukaemia, carcinoma, brain tumor, cancer incidence, carcinogenicity, lymphoblastic, acute lymphoblastic, melanoma, gliomas, neoplasms, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, breast cancer risk, carcinogens, lymphoblastic leukemia, neoplastic, glioblastoma, leukemia risk, malignancy, leukemias, malignancies, neuroblastoma, cancer risks, lung cancer, childhood cancers, lymphomas, astrocytoma, malignant brain, Acute leukemia, mammary gland, brain cancers, glioma risk, Malignant melanoma, malignant neoplasms, neoplasia, hyperplasia, myeloid leukemia, carcinomas, neuroblastoma cells, testicular cancer, leukaemias, neoplasm, mammary cancer, myeloma, nervous system cancers, adenocarcinoma, cocarcinogenic, colorectal, glioblastoma multiforme, Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, seminoma, breast carcinoma, colon cancer, glioma meningioma, larynx, neoplastic transformation, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, tumor, tumors, tumours, brain tumors, tumour, neuroma, acoustic neuroma, meningioma, brain tumour, tumor risk, tumor growth, tumor incidence, mammary tumors, tumor promotion, intracranial tumors, tumor promoter, gland tumors, meningiomas, tumorigenesis, tumour risk, benign tumors, nervous system tumors, neuromas, acoustic neuromas, breast tumors, gland tumours, parotid gland tumors, tumorpromoting
Titles
2.45-Gz wireless devices induce oxidative stress and proliferation through cytosolic Ca(2)(+) influx in human leukemia cancer cells.
A case-case study of mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk in Japan.
A cluster of male breast cancer in office workers.
A cross-sectional case control study on genetic damage in individuals residing in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station.
A new electromagnetic exposure metric: high frequency voltage transients associated with increased cancer incidence in teachers in a California school.
A population-based case-control study of radiofrequency exposure in relation to childhood neoplasm.
Acceleration of the development of benzopyrene-induced skin cancer in mice by microwave radiation.
Adult and childhood leukemia near a high-power radio station in Rome, Italy.
Association between exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers in Quebec, Canada, and France.

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Association between number of cell phone contracts and brain tumor incidence in nineteen U.S. States.
Association between radiation from mobile phones and tumour risk in adults].
Association between vestibular schwannomas and mobile phone use. Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards.
Brain cancer and occupational exposure to magnetic fields among men: results from a Canadian population-based case-control study.
Cancer in radar technicians exposed to radiofrequency/microwave radiation: sentinel episodes.
Cancer incidence and mortality and proximity to TV towers.
Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. I. Sutton Coldfield transmitter. Cancer incidence vs. FM radio transmitter density.
Cancer morbidity in subjects occupationally exposed to high frequency (radiofrequency and microwave) electromagnetic radiation.
Cancer versus FM radio polarization types.
Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use.
Case-control study on the use of cellular and cordless phones and the risk for malignant brain tumours. Causes of death among Belgian professional military radar operators: a 37-year retrospective cohort study. Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cell phone use and acoustic neuroma: the need for standardized questionnaires and access to industry data.
Cell phone use and risk of thyroid cancer: a population-based case-control study in Connecticut.
Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Cellular and cordless telephone use and the association with brain tumors in different age groups.
Cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for brain tumours.
Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation.
Cellular phone use and risk of benign and malignant parotid gland tumors--a nationwide casecontrol study.

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Cellular telephones and their relay stations: a health risk?].
Commentary on the utility of the National Toxicology Program study on cell phone radiofrequency radiation data for assessing human health risks despite unfounded criticisms aimed at minimizing the findings of adverse health effects.
Connection between Cell Phone use, p53 Gene Expression in Different Zones of Glioblastoma Multiforme and Survival Prognoses.
Current Understanding of the Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields.
Danger of cellular telephones and their relay stations].
Decreased survival for childhood leukemia in proximity to television towers.
Decreased survival of glioma patients with astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme) associated with long-term use of mobile and cordless phones.
Delayed biological effect of electromagnetic fields action].
Determining health policy for sensible mobile phone use--current world status].
Dirty electricity, chronic stress, neurotransmitters and disease.
Does cell phone use increase the chances of parotid gland tumor development? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Ecological study on residences in the vicinity of AM radio broadcasting towers and cancer death: preliminary observations in Korea.
Effect of cell-phone radiofrequency on angiogenesis and cell invasion in human head and neck cancer cells.
Effect of Exposure to 900 MHz GSM Mobile Phone Radiofrequency Radiation on Estrogen Receptor Methylation Status in Colon Cells of Male Sprague Dawley Rats.
Effect of Mobile Phone-Induced Electromagnetic Field on Brain Hemodynamics and Human Stem Cell Functioning: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk and Early Diagnostic Value of Electronphotonic Imaging.
Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary.
Effects of the microwave radiation from the cellular phones on humans and animals].
Electromagnetic field exposure and male breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 18 studies.
Electromagnetic field exposures and childhood cancers in New Zealand.
Electromagnetic field induced biological effects in humans.
Electromagnetic fields and cancer: the cost of doing nothing.

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Enzymatic alterations in developing rat brain cells exposed to a low-intensity 16.5 GHz microwave radiation.
Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects.
Epidemiological evidence for a health risk from mobile phone base stations.
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in male Wistar rats following microwave exposure.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation.
Evaluation of the cytogenotoxic damage in immature and mature rats exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Evaluation of the genotoxicity of cell phone radiofrequency radiation in male and female rats and mice following subchronic exposure.
Evidence for microwave carcinogenesis in vitro.
Exposure to low-intensive superhigh frequency electromagnetic field as a factor of carcinogenesis in experimental animals.
Follow-up of radio and telegraph operators with exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of breast cancer.
Further aspects on cellular and cordless telephones and brain tumours.
Genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields.
Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Incidence of cancer in the vicinity of Korean AM radio transmitters.
Incidence of Seminoma Cancer in Staffs that Worked in Electromagnetic Waves Station; Three Cases Report.
Increased incidence of cancer in a cohort of office workers exposed to strong magnetic fields.
Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies.
Indication of cocarcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model.
Inferring the 1985-2014 impact of mobile phone use on selected brain cancer subtypes using Bayesian structural time series and synthetic controls.

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Investigation of increased incidence in childhood leukemia near radio towers in Hawaii: preliminary observations.
Leukemia mortality and incidence of infantile leukemia near the Vatican Radio Station of Rome].
Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems.
Long-term use of cellular phones and brain tumours: increased risk associated with use for > or =10 years.
Melanoma incidence and frequency modulation (FM) broadcasting.
Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Meta-analysis of association between mobile phone use and glioma risk.
Meta-analysis of long-term mobile phone use and the association with brain tumours.
Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells More Strongly Than in Differentiated Cells: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk.
Mitochondrial DNA damage and oxidative damage in HL-60 cells exposed to 900MHz radiofrequency fields.
Mobile phone radiation causes brain tumors and should be classified as a probable human carcinogen (2A) (review).
Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study.
Mobile phone use and glioma risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Mobile phone use and location of glioma: a case-case analysis.
Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors and salivary gland tumors - A meta-analysis.
Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes.
Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis.
Mobile phone use and the risk for malignant brain tumors: a case-control study on deceased cases and controls.
Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma.
Mobile Phone Use and the Risk of Parotid Gland Tumors: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.
Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies - how do they arise?

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Mobile phones and head tumours: it is time to read and highlight data in a proper way].
Mobile phones, cordless phones and the risk for brain tumours.
Mobile phones: time to rethink and limit usage.
Mobile telephones and cancer--a review of epidemiological evidence.
Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin.
Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain.
Neoplastic transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells following exposure to 120-Hz modulated 2.45GHz microwaves and phorbol ester tumor promoter.
Neuroblastoma and paternal occupation. A case-control analysis.
New Zealand adolescents' cellphone and cordless phone user-habits: are they at increased risk of brain tumours already? A cross-sectional study.
Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects.
Occupational exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic fields and brain tumor risk in the INTEROCC study: An individualized assessment approach.
Occupational exposures and brain cancer mortality: a preliminary study of east Texas residents.
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative and mutagenic effects of low intensity GSM 1800 MHz microwave radiation.
Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Parental occupational exposures to electromagnetic fields and radiation and the incidence of neuroblastoma in offspring.
Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 20072009 and use of mobile and cordless phones.
Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects.
Pooled analysis of Swedish case-control studies during 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 on meningioma risk associated with the use of mobile and cordless phones.

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Power-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors: a case-control study in Japan.
Probabilistic Multiple-Bias Modeling Applied to the Canadian Data From the Interphone Study of Mobile Phone Use and Risk of Glioma, Meningioma, Acoustic Neuroma, and Parotid Gland Tumors.
Proteomic analysis of continuous 900-MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure in testicular tissue: a rat model of human cell phone exposure.
Radio frequency radiation-related cancer: assessing causation in the occupational/military setting.
Radio-frequency radiation exposure from AM radio transmitters and childhood leukemia and brain cancer.
Radiofrequency-induced carcinogenesis: cellular calcium homeostasis changes as a triggering factor.
Real versus Simulated Mobile Phone Exposures in Experimental Studies.
Real-world cell phone radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposures.
Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8GHz GSM base station environmental emission.
Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries.
Risks of carcinogenesis from electromagnetic radiation of mobile telephony devices.
Risks to Health and Well-Being From Radio-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Cell Phones and Other Wireless Devices.
Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action.
Selenium reduces mobile phone (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Setting prudent public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures.
Simulation of the incidence of malignant brain tumors in birth cohorts that started using mobile phones when they first became popular in Japan.
Synergism between sinusoidal-50Hz magnetic field and formaldehyde in triggering carcinogenic effects in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

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Terahertz radiation increases genomic instability in human lymphocytes.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the rat brain: an experimental study.
The electromagnetic fields of cellular phones and the health of children and of teenagers (the situation requiring to take an urgent measure)]. The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study.
The possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of uveal melanoma.
The probability of developing brain tumours among users of cellular telephones (scientific information to the decision of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announced on May 31, 2011)].
Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective.
Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?
Use of cellular or cordless telephones and the risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Use of cellular telephones and brain tumour risk in urban and rural areas.
Use of electric bedding devices and risk of breast cancer in African-American women.
Use of electric blankets and association with prevalence of endometrial cancer.
Use of mobile and cordless phones and survival of patients with glioma. Using the Hill viewpoints from 1965 for evaluating strengths of evidence of the risk for brain tumors associated with use of mobile and cordless phones.
Wi-Fi technology--an uncontrolled global experiment on the health of mankind.
Wireless Phone Use and Risk of Adult Glioma: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis.
X-rays, microwaves and vinyl chloride monomer: their clastogenic and aneugenic activity, using the micronucleus assay on human lymphocytes.

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NEURODEGENERATIVE
Keywords ­ memory, cognitive, central nervous system, learning, neurodegenerative, Alzheimer's, learning and memory, Alzheimer's disease, cognition, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, cognitive function, cognitive functions, neurobehavioral, dementia, spatial learning, acetylcholine, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, Glial fibrillary, motor activity, multiple sclerosis, cognitive impairment, spatial learning and memory, neurodegenerative disease, neuronal damage, Alzheimer disease, cognitive effects, seizure, seizures, autism, cognitive functioning, cognitive processing, memory function, memory impairment, memory loss, neurological diseases, neuronal excitability, cognitive dysfunction, memory deficit, memory functions, neurocognitive, neuronal degeneration, spatial working memory
Titles
2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Learning and Spatial Memory via Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress Induced p53-Dependent/Independent Hippocampal Apoptosis: Molecular Basis and Underlying Mechanism.
A case-control study on the risk factors of Alzheimer's disease in military elderly men].
A cross-sectional case control study on genetic damage in individuals residing in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station.
A meta-analysis for neurobehavioural effects due to electromagnetic field exposure emitted by GSM mobile phones.
A possible association between fetal/neonatal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation and the increased incidence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Activity and expression of acetylcholinesterase in PC12 cells exposed to intermittent 1.8 GHz 217-GSM mobile phone signal.
Acute exposure to GSM 900-MHz electromagnetic fields induces glial reactivity and biochemical modifications in the rat brain.
Acute exposure to pulsed 2450-MHz microwaves affects water-maze performance of rats.
Adverse effects of excessive mobile phone use.
Alteration of adaptive behaviors of progeny after maternal mobile phone exposure.
Alterations of cognitive function and 5-HT system in rats after long term microwave exposure.
Altered cortical excitability in subjectively electrosensitive patients: results of a pilot study.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Occupational Exposures: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses.
Assessment of auditory evoked potential in long-term mobile phone users.
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Behavioral Abnormality along with NMDAR-related CREB Suppression in Rat Hippocampus after Shortwave Exposure.
Behavioral evaluation of microwave irradiation.
Biochemical modifications and neuronal damage in brain of young and adult rats after long-term exposure to mobile phone radiations.
Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards.
Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.
Calcium-binding proteins and GFAP immunoreactivity alterations in murine hippocampus after 1 month of exposure to 835 MHz radiofrequency at SAR values of 1.6 and 4.0 W/kg.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cognitive and neurobiological alterations in electromagnetic hypersensitive patients: results of a case-control study.
Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation.
Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation.
Controversies on electromagnetic field exposure and the nervous systems of children.
Could myelin damage from radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure help explain the functional impairment electrohypersensitivity? A review of the evidence.
Cumulated biological effects of microwaves and their reflection in behavior, work capacity, growth of body mass and state of brain neurons].
Dataset on significant role of Candesartan on cognitive functions in rats having memory impairment induced by electromagnetic waves.
Effect of electromagnetic fields emitted by cellular phones on the latency of evoked electrodermal activity.
Effect of electromagnetic radiation on discharge activity of neurons in the hippocampus CA1 in rats].
Effect of low level microwave radiation exposure on cognitive function and oxidative stress in rats.
Effect of Low Level Subchronic Microwave Radiation on Rat Brain.
Effect of Low-Intensity Microwave Radiation on Monoamine Neurotransmitters and Their Key Regulating Enzymes in Rat Brain.

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Effect of Short-term 900 MHz low level electromagnetic radiation exposure on blood serotonin and glutamate levels.
Effect of whole-body exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic field on the brain electrogeny in neurodefective and healthy mice.
Effects of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on microRNA expression in brain tissue.
Effects of 2G and 3G mobile phones on performance and electrophysiology in adolescents, young adults and older adults.
Effects of 7 Hz-modulated 450 MHz electromagnetic radiation on human performance in visual memory tasks.
Effects of cell phone radiation on lipid peroxidation, glutathione and nitric oxide levels in mouse brain during epileptic seizure.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from handsets of cellular telephone on neurobehavioral function].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on spatial memory and synapses in rat hippocampal CA1.
Effects of exposure to 2100MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats.
Effects of fetal microwave radiation exposure on offspring behavior in mice.
Effects of millimeter wave irradiation with different frequency and power density on their offsprings in mice].
Effects of mobile phone radiation (900 MHz radiofrequency) on structure and functions of rat brain.
Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary.
Effects of nano-selenium on cognition performance of mice exposed in 1800 MHz radiofrequency fields].
Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes - a pilot study on pulsed field interference with cognitive regeneration.
Effects of radiofrequency exposure emitted from a GSM mobile phone on proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of neural stem cells.
Effects of radiofrequency exposure on the GABAergic system in the rat cerebellum: clues from semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry.
Electromagnetic field and brain development.

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Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood Development.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: biological effects of dirty electricity with emphasis on diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity--an increasing challenge to the medical profession.
Electromagnetic radiation (Wi-Fi) and epilepsy induce calcium entry and apoptosis through activation of TRPV1 channel in hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Electromagnetic radiation 2450 MHz exposure causes cognition deficit with mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in rats.
Electromagnetic radiation of non-thermal intensity and short exposition as a sub-threshold irritant for the central nervous system].
Electrophysiological Assessment of the Impact of Mobile Phone Radiation on Cognition in Persons With Epilepsy.
Elevated risk of Alzheimer's disease among workers with likely electromagnetic field exposure.
Epidemiological evidence for a health risk from mobile phone base stations.
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Exposure to GSM 900-MHz mobile radiation impaired inhibitory avoidance memory consolidation in rat: Involvements of opioidergic and nitrergic systems.
Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic waves alters acetylcholinesterase gene expression, exploratory and motor coordination-linked behaviour in male rats.
Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800-1900 mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice.
From the Cover: 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress Mechanism-Induced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling.
Fundamentally new electromagnetic pollution and the lack of adequate regulatory framework-on the risk assessment (analysis of modern domestic and foreign data)].
GFAP expression in the rat brain following sub-chronic exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field signal.
Glial markers and emotional memory in rats following acute cerebral radiofrequency exposures.

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Glucose administration attenuates spatial memory deficits induced by chronic low-power-density microwave exposure.
GSM 900 MHz radiation inhibits ants' association between food sites and encountered cues.
GSM radiation triggers seizures and increases cerebral c-Fos positivity in rats pretreated with subconvulsive doses of picrotoxin.
Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran.
Hippocampal lipidome and transcriptome profile alterations triggered by acute exposure of mice to GSM 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation: An exploratory study.
Influence of microwave radiation on synaptic structure and function of hippocampus in Wistar rats].
Influence of pre- and postnatal exposure of rats to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation on neurobehavioral function.
Interaction of microwaves and a temporally incoherent magnetic field on spatial learning in the rat.
Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I/Incidence according to distance and sex].
Long term exposure to cell phone frequencies (900 and 1800 MHz) induces apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress and TRPV1 channel activation in the hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Long term impairment of cognitive functions and alterations of NMDAR subunits after continuous microwave exposure.
Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child cognition at age 5years in 3 birth cohorts.
Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring.
Maternal mobile phone exposure alters intrinsic electrophysiological properties of CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat offspring.
Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.
Microwave irradiation affects radial-arm maze performance in the rat.
Microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, cognitive impairment and inflammation in brain of Fischer rats.
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Mobile phone electromagnetic radiation affects Amyloid Precursor Protein and alpha-synuclein metabolism in SH-SY5Y cells.
Mobile phone use for 5 minutes can cause significant memory impairment in humans.
Motor activity of rabbits in conditions of chronic low-intensity pulse microwave irradiation].
Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.
Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Neuroprotective effects of melatonin and omega-3 on hippocampal cells prenatally exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Nonthermal effects of lifelong high-frequency electromagnetic field exposure on social memory performance in rats.
Observations of changes in neurobehavioral functions in workers exposed to high-frequency radiation].
Occupational Exposures and Neurodegenerative Diseases-A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses.
Pernicious effects of long-term, continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field throughout adolescence on hippocampus morphology, biochemistry and pyramidal neuron numbers in 60day-old Sprague Dawley male rats.
Physiological changes in rats after exposure to low levels of microwaves.
Possible cause for altered spatial cognition of prepubescent rats exposed to chronic radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Protective Role of NMDAR for Microwave-Induced Synaptic Plasticity Injuries in Primary Hippocampal Neurons.
Psychophysiological indicators for children using mobile phones. Communication 2. Results of four-year monitoring].
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced behavioral changes and their possible basis.
Reduction of phosphorylated synapsin I (ser-553) leads to spatial memory impairment by attenuating GABA release after microwave exposure in Wistar rats.
Relationship between cognition function and hippocampus structure after long-term microwave exposure.
Relationship between millimeter wave irradiation in pregnant mice and c-Fos protein expression in hippocampus and learning and memory functions in their offsprings].
RKIP Regulates Neural Cell Apoptosis Induced by Exposure to Microwave Radiation Partly Through the MEK/ERK/CREB Pathway.

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Setting prudent public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures.
Short-term memory in mice is affected by mobile phone radiation.
Spatial memory and learning performance and its relationship to protein synthesis of Swiss albino mice exposed to 10 GHz microwaves.
Spatial memory performance of Wistar rats exposed to mobile phone.
Ten gigahertz microwave radiation impairs spatial memory, enzymes activity, and histopathology of developing mice brain.
The chronic effect of pulsed 1800 MHz electromagnetic radiation on amino acid neurotransmitters in three different areas of juvenile and young adult rat brain.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the mobile phone range on the behaviour of the rat.
The effect of pulsed electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone on the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in four different areas of rat brain.
The electromagnetic fields of cellular phones and the health of children and of teenagers (the situation requiring to take an urgent measure)].
The implications of non-linear biological oscillations on human electrophysiology for electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS).
The Screening of Genes Sensitive to Long-Term, Low-Level Microwave Exposure and Bioinformatic Analysis of Potential Correlations to Learning and Memory.
Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective.
Transient and cumulative memory impairments induced by GSM 1.8 GHz cell phone signal in a mouse model.
Upregulation of HIF-1alpha via activation of ERK and PI3K pathway mediated protective response to microwave-induced mitochondrial injury in neuron-like cells.
Variations in electroencephalography with mobile phone usage in medical students.
Vitamin C protects rat cerebellum and encephalon from oxidative stress following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
What is the impact of electromagnetic waves on epileptic seizures?

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REPRODUCTION
Keywords ­ pregnancy, reproductive, pregnant, sperm, embryos, testicular, fertility, embryo, testis, embryonic, fetuses, testosterone, motility, infertility, reproduction, testes, semen, spermatozoa, spermatogenesis, reproductive system, sperm motility, male fertility, sperm count, embryogenesis, abortion, male reproductive, spermatogenic, embryonic development, mating, male infertility, birth defects, serum testosterone, adverse reproductive, miscarriage, reproductive organs, semen parameters, sperm concentration, sperm parameters, testicular function, testosterone level, epididymis, male reproductive system, spermatogenic cells, spermatogonia, fertilized eggs, ovaries, reproductive capacity, reproductive outcomes, sperm cells, sperm morphology, fertile, pregnancies, reproductive function, testicular tissue, rat testes, rat testis, reproductive functions, reproductive systems, sperm DNA, spermatogonial, testis tissue, embryogeny, reproductive health, sperm cell, miscarriages, offsprings, oocyte, oogenesis, preterm birth, seminal vesicles, Sperm head, spermatids, sperms, testicles, fetal loss, genital, gonads, reproductive hormones, semen analysis
Titles
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
1950MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells.
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
2.45 GHz microwave radiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress mediated testicular apoptosis: Involvement of a p53 dependent bax-caspase-3 mediated pathway.
2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress.
900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.
Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis.
Alternating magnetic field damages the reproductive function of murine testes].
Are men talking their reproductive health away?
Are microwaves a co-teratogen? Experimental model concept and its verification].
Association between mobile phone use and semen quality: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
Association of excessive mobile phone use during pregnancy with birth weight: an adjunct study in Kumamoto of Japan Environment and Children's Study.

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Autoimmune processes after long-term low-level exposure to electromagnetic fields (the results of an experiment). Part 5. Impact of the blood serum from rats exposed to low-level electromagnetic fields on pregnancy, foetus and offspring development of intact female rats].
Bioeffects of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance from the antenna.
Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards.
Biological effects of continuous exposure of embryos and young chickens to electromagnetic fields emitted by video display units.
Biological effects of mobile phone electromagnetic field on chick embryo (risk assessment using the mortality rate)].
Biophysical evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic field effects on male reproductive pattern.
Biosomatic effects of the electromagnetic fields on view of the physiotherapy personnel health.
Cancer in radar technicians exposed to radiofrequency/microwave radiation: sentinel episodes.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cell phone usage and erectile function.
Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats].
Chronic prenatal exposure to the 900 megahertz electromagnetic field induces pyramidal cell loss in the hippocampus of newborn rats.
Chronotoxicity of 1800 MHz microwave radiation on sex hormones and spermatogenesis in male mice].
Commentary on the utility of the National Toxicology Program study on cell phone radiofrequency radiation data for assessing human health risks despite unfounded criticisms aimed at minimizing the findings of adverse health effects.
Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent exposure to GSM-900MHz mobile phone radiation: Detection of apoptotic cell-death features.
Comparison of native and microwave irradiated DNA.
Cranial and postcranial skeletal variations induced in mouse embryos by mobile phone radiation.
Cytokines produced by microwave-radiated Sertoli cells interfere with spermatogenesis in rat testis.
Derangement of chick embryo retinal differentiation caused by radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Disruption of the ovarian follicle reservoir of prepubertal rats following prenatal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field.
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Does prolonged radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi devices induce DNA damage in various tissues of rats?
Dose related shifts in the developmental progress of chick embryos exposed to mobile phone induced electromagnetic fields.
Early and Delayed Effects of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on the Reproductive Function and Functional Status of the Offspring of Experimental Animals].
Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice.
Effect of 935-MHz phone-simulating electromagnetic radiation on endometrial glandular cells during mouse embryo implantation.
Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study.
Effect of early pregnancy electromagnetic field exposure on embryo growth ceasing].
Effect of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on male rat reproductive system in a simulated scenario.
Effect of Electromagnetic Waves from Mobile Phones on Spermatogenesis in the Era of 4GLTE.
Effect of exposure to radio frequency radiation emitted by cell phone on the developing dorsal root ganglion of chick embryo: a light microscopic study.
Effect of Guilingji Capsule on the fertility, liver functions, and serum LDH of male SD rats exposed by 900 mhz cell phone].
Effect of long-term exposure of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on testes functions.
Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis.
Effect of low-intensity extremely high frequency radiation on reproductive function in wistar rats.
Effect of Mobile Phone Radiation on Cardiovascular Development of Chick Embryo.
Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Effect of Modified Wuzi Yanzong Pill () on Tip60-Mediated Apoptosis in Testis of Male Rats after Microwave Radiation.
Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted from 2G and 3G Cell Phone on Developing Liver of Chick Embryo - A Comparative Study.
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive health.

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Effect of rosmarinic acid on sertoli cells apoptosis and serum antioxidant levels in rats after exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Effects of 1800-MHz radiofrequency fields on circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin and testosterone in male rats.
Effects of cell phone use on semen parameters: Results from the MARHCS cohort study in Chongqing, China.
Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats.
Effects of continuous low-level exposure to radiofrequency radiation on intrauterine development in rats.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular phone on human sperm motility: an in vitro study.
Effects of electromagnetic waves emitted from 3G+wi-fi modems on human semen analysis.
Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on testicular function and structure in adult rabbit.
Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency irradiation during the oogenesis and spermiogenesis of Xenopus laevis.
Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency on distortion product otoacoustic emissions in pregnant adult rabbits.
Effects of millimeter wave irradiation with different frequency and power density on their offsprings in mice].
Effects of mobile phone radiation on serum testosterone in Wistar albino rats.
Effects of prenatal 900 MHz electromagnetic field exposures on the histology of rat kidney.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on mammalian spermatogenesis].
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.
Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature.
Electromagnetic fields enhance chemically-induced hyperploidy in mammalian oocytes.
Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.
Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects.

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EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility.
Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field for 1 hour a day over 30 days does change the histopathology and biochemistry of the rat testis.
Exposure to cell phone induce oxidative stress in mice preantral follicles during in vitro cultivation: An experimental study.
Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation of public risk prevention instruments threatens the quality of spermatozoids.
Fetal and neonatal responses following maternal exposure to mobile phones.
Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800-1900 mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice.
Growing concern over the safety of using mobile phones and male fertility.
GSM 900 MHz microwave radiation affects embryo development of Japanese quails.
GSM-like radiofrequency exposure induces apoptosis via caspase-dependent pathway in infant rabbits.
Hazardous health effects of microwaves and radio waves].
Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Influence of microwave exposure on fertility of male rats.
Inhibition by Egb761 of the effect of cellphone radiation on the male reproductive system.
Interference of vitamin E on the brain tissue damage by electromagnetic radiation of cell phone in pregnant and fetal rats].
Lethal and teratogenic effects of long-term low-intensity radio frequency radiation at 428 MHz on developing chick embryo.

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Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality.
Long-term exposure to 4G smartphone radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation diminished male reproductive potential by directly disrupting Spock3-MMP2-BTB axis in the testes of adult rats.
Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring.
Long-term exposure to low intensity microwave radiation affects male reproductivity].
Long-term microwave radiation affects male reproduction in rats].
Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child behavioral problems in five birth cohorts.
Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child cognition at age 5years in 3 birth cohorts.
Maternal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field provokes neuronal loss and pathological changes in cerebellum of 32-day-old female rat offspring.
Maternal occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and the risk of brain cancer in the offspring.
Maternal occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields during pregnancy and childhood leukemia.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats.
Microwave radiation (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress: Whole-body exposure effect on histopathology of Wistar rats.
Microwave radiation enhances teratogenic effect of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity.
Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin.
Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro.
Mobile phone usage and male infertility in Wistar rats.
Morinda officialis how extract improves microwave-induced reproductive impairment in male rats].

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Neuroprotective effects of melatonin and omega-3 on hippocampal cells prenatally exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in relation to male breast cancer and testicular cancer: a Swedish case-control study.
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative and mutagenic effects of low intensity GSM 1800 MHz microwave radiation.
Oxidative changes and apoptosis induced by 1800-MHz electromagnetic radiation in NIH/3T3 cells.
Oxidative effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field and radio frequency radiation on testes tissues of diabetic and healthy rats.
Oxidative stress-mediated alterations on sperm parameters in male Wistar rats exposed to 3G mobile phone radiation.
Pathological effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat kidney.
Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system.
Postnatal development and behavior effects of in-utero exposure of rats to radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional WiFi devices.
Prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phone use and behavioral problems in children.
Probing the Origins of 1,800 MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Induced Damage in Mouse Immortalized Germ Cells and Spermatozoa in vitro.
Protective effect of Liuweidihuang Pills against cellphone electromagnetic radiation-induced histomorphological abnormality, oxidative injury, and cell apoptosis in rat testes].
Protective effects of luteolin on rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Protective Effects of Zinc on 2.45 GHz Electromagnetic Radiation-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in HEK293 Cells.
Pulsed magnetic field from video display terminals enhances teratogenic effects of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro and thus may affect male fertility.
Radar radiation damages sperm quality].
Radiations and male fertility.

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Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from cell phone causes defective testicular function in male Wistar rats.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice.
Relationship between millimeter wave irradiation in pregnant mice and c-Fos protein expression in hippocampus and learning and memory functions in their offsprings].
Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced oxidative stress in the HEK293 cells.
Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and mobile phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-induced risks on oxidative stress and elements in kidney and testis of rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.

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GENOTOXICITY
Keywords ­ DNA damage, genotoxic, micronuclei, chromosomal, micronucleus, chromosome, genotoxicity, genotoxic effects, mutagenic, strand breaks, chromatin, mutation, DNA strand, Chromatid, mutations, chromosome aberrations, chromosomes, DNA fragmentation, doublestrand, chromosomal aberrations, DNA repair, DNA strand breaks, micronucleus (MN), genetic damage, micronuclei (MN), Sister Chromatid, genome, blood leukocytes, double-strand breaks, oxidative DNA, chromosomal damage, DNA synthesis, mutant, cellular stress, chromosome aberration, oxidative DNA damage, Purkinje cells, DNA breaks, cell cycle arrest, clastogenic, genotoxic potential, keratinocytes, micronucleated, single strand, cell division, chromatid exchange, Chromatid Exchanges, genetic material, micronucleus test, Mutagenesis, cell cycle progression, cellular DNA, Cytochrome c, double strand, genetic effects, genomic instability, micronucleus frequency, DNA single-strand, DNA-damaging, Mutagen, mutagenicity, single strand breaks, chromatin condensation, chromosomal aberration, double-strand breaks (DSBs), strand breakage, cell cycle distribution, cell DNA, genetically, strand DNA
Titles
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
1950MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells.
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
2.45 GHz radiofrequency fields alter gene expression in cultured human cells.
60 Hz magnetic field exposure induces DNA crosslinks in rat brain cells.
8-Oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine as a biomarker of DNA damage by mobile phone radiation.
8-oxoG DNA glycosylase-1 inhibition sensitizes Neuro-2a cells to oxidative DNA base damage induced by 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic field affect chromatin conformation and 53BP1 foci in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.
954 MHz microwaves enhance the mutagenic properties of mitomycin C.
A cross-sectional case control study on genetic damage in individuals residing in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station.
A non-thermal effect of millimeter wave radiation on the puffing of giant chromosomes.
Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells.

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Assessment of cytogenetic damage and oxidative stress in personnel occupationally exposed to the pulsed microwave radiation of marine radar equipment.
Assessment of DNA sensitivity in peripheral blood leukocytes after occupational exposure to microwave radiation: the alkaline comet assay and chromatid breakage assay.
Assessment of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation by the micronucleus test in bovine peripheral erythrocytes.
Biochemical and histological studies on adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on rat's brain.
Biochemical modifications and neuronal damage in brain of young and adult rats after long-term exposure to mobile phone radiations.
Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards.
Biophysical evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic field effects on male reproductive pattern.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Chromosomal damage in human diploid fibroblasts by intermittent exposure to extremely lowfrequency electromagnetic fields.
Chromosome damage and micronucleus formation in human blood lymphocytes exposed in vitro to radiofrequency radiation at a cellular telephone frequency (847.74 MHz, CDMA).
Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation.
Combinative exposure effect of radio frequency signals from CDMA mobile phones and aphidicolin on DNA integrity.
Combined exposure of ELF magnetic fields and x-rays increased mutant yields compared with xrays alone in pTN89 plasmids.
Commentary on the utility of the National Toxicology Program study on cell phone radiofrequency radiation data for assessing human health risks despite unfounded criticisms aimed at minimizing the findings of adverse health effects.
Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent exposure to GSM-900MHz mobile phone radiation: Detection of apoptotic cell-death features.
Comparison of chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes from people occupationally exposed to ionizing and radiofrequency radiation.
Connection between Cell Phone use, p53 Gene Expression in Different Zones of Glioblastoma Multiforme and Survival Prognoses.
Cytogenetic changes induced by low-intensity microwaves in the species Triticum aestivum].

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Cytogenetic consequences of microwave irradiation on mammalian cells incubated in vitro.
Cytogenetic damage in human lymphocytes following GMSK phase modulated microwave exposure.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM 1800 MHz) on immature and mature rats.
DNA Damage of Lymphocytes in Volunteers after 4 hours Use of Mobile Phone.
Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice.
Effect of 3G cell phone exposure with computer controlled 2-D stepper motor on non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway in rat brain.
Effect of 900-, 1800-, and 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on DNA and oxidative stress in brain.
Effect of 950 MHz UHF electromagnetic radiation on biomarkers of oxidative damage, metabolism of UFA and antioxidants in the livers of young rats of different ages.
Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro].
Effect of early pregnancy electromagnetic field exposure on embryo growth ceasing].
Effect of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on male rat reproductive system in a simulated scenario.
Effect of electromagnetic radiation of millimetric wave band on genome of somatic cells].
Effect of exposure to radio frequency radiation emitted by cell phone on the developing dorsal root ganglion of chick embryo: a light microscopic study.
Effect of GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms on Genetic Damage in Humans Populations Exposed to Radiation From Mobile Towers.
Effect of Low Level Subchronic Microwave Radiation on Rat Brain.
Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis.
Effect of low-intensity microwave radiation on proliferation of cultured epithelial cells of rabbit lens].
Effect of Mobile Phone Radiation on Cardiovascular Development of Chick Embryo.
Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted from 2G and 3G Cell Phone on Developing Liver of Chick Embryo - A Comparative Study.
Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation on Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells.

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Effect of whole-body exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic field on the brain electrogeny in neurodefective and healthy mice.
Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on DNA damage in Chinese hamster lung cells].
Effects of low-intensity extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation on chromatin structure of lymphoid cells in vivo and in vitro].
Effects of microwave radiation on thymocytes in mice at different power densities].
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.
Effects of the Effect of Ultra High Frequency Mobile Phone Radiation on Human Health.
Electromagnetic fields and health: DNA-based dosimetry.
Electromagnetic fields at a mobile phone frequency (900 MHz) trigger the onset of general stress response along with DNA modifications in Eisenia fetida earthworms.
Electromagnetic fields enhance chemically-induced hyperploidy in mammalian oocytes.
Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells.
Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.
Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects.
Erythropoietic changes in rats after 2.45 GJz nonthermal irradiation.
Evaluation of basal DNA damage and oxidative stress in Wistar rat leukocytes after exposure to microwave radiation.
Evaluation of genotoxic and/or co-genotoxic effects in cells exposed in vitro to extremely-low frequency electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of selected biochemical parameters in the saliva of young males using mobile phones.
Evaluation of the cytogenotoxic damage in immature and mature rats exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Evaluation of the genotoxicity of cell phone radiofrequency radiation in male and female rats and mice following subchronic exposure.
Exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to electromagnetic fields associated with cellular phones leads to chromosomal instability.
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Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation induces oxidative DNA base damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line.
Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips.
Exposure to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.
Exposure to low-intensive superhigh frequency electromagnetic field as a factor of carcinogenesis in experimental animals.
Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile phones induced DNA damage in human ear canal hair follicle cells.
Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation of public risk prevention instruments threatens the quality of spermatozoids.
Fifty-gigahertz microwave exposure effect of radiations on rat brain.
GSM-like radiofrequency exposure induces apoptosis via caspase-dependent pathway in infant rabbits.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Impact of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation on DNA integrity in the male germline.
Increased levels of numerical chromosome aberrations after in vitro exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields for 72 hours.
Increased ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured cells exposed to low energy modulated microwave fields and phorbol ester tumor promoters.
Influence of 1.8 GHz microwave on DNA damage induced by 4 chemical mutagens].
Influence of electromagnetic fields on reproductive system of male rats.
Interference of vitamin E on the brain tissue damage by electromagnetic radiation of cell phone in pregnant and fetal rats].
Long-term microwave radiation affects male reproduction in rats].
Low intensity microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, inflammatory response and DNA damage in rat brain.
Maternal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field provokes neuronal loss and pathological changes in cerebellum of 32-day-old female rat offspring.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.

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Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells More Strongly Than in Differentiated Cells: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk.
Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin.
Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro.
Mobile phones, heat shock proteins and cancer.
Mutagenic and morphologic impacts of 1.8GHz radiofrequency radiation on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hPBLs) and possible protective role of pre-treatment with Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761).
Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain.
Neural cell apoptosis induced by microwave exposure through mitochondria-dependent caspase3 pathway.
Oxidative and mutagenic effects of low intensity GSM 1800 MHz microwave radiation.
Oxidative changes and apoptosis induced by 1800-MHz electromagnetic radiation in NIH/3T3 cells.
Probing the Origins of 1,800 MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Induced Damage in Mouse Immortalized Germ Cells and Spermatozoa in vitro.
Protective effects of Genistein on human renal tubular epithelial cells damage of microwave radiation].
Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro and thus may affect male fertility.
Purkinje cell number decreases in the adult female rat cerebellum following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Quantitative patterns in the cytogenetic action of microwaves].
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice.
Radioprotective effects of honeybee venom (Apis mellifera) against 915-MHz microwave radiation-induced DNA damage in wistar rat lymphocytes: in vitro study.

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RAPD Profiling, DNA Fragmentation, and Histomorphometric Examination in Brains of Wistar Rats Exposed to Indoor 2.5 Ghz Wi-Fi Devices Radiation.
Reactive oxygen species levels and DNA fragmentation on astrocytes in primary culture after acute exposure to low intensity microwave electromagnetic field.
Risks to Health and Well-Being From Radio-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Cell Phones and Other Wireless Devices.
RKIP Regulates Neural Cell Apoptosis Induced by Exposure to Microwave Radiation Partly Through the MEK/ERK/CREB Pathway.
Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action.
Significance of micronuclei in buccal smears of mobile phone users: A comparative study.
Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Single strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells exposed to microwave radiation.
Single-strand DNA breaks in human hair root cells exposed to mobile phone radiation.
Status quo of the researches on the biological effect of electromagnetic radiation on the testis and epididymal sperm].
Study of low-intensity 2450-MHz microwave exposure enhancing the genotoxic effects of mitomycin C using micronucleus test and comet assay in vitro.
Studying the synergistic damage effects induced by 1.8 GHz radiofrequency field radiation (RFR) with four chemical mutagens on human lymphocyte DNA using comet assay in vitro.
Terahertz radiation increases genomic instability in human lymphocytes.
The effect of mobile phone on the number of Purkinje cells: a stereological study.
The effect of radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in female and male infant rabbits.
The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation.
The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function.
The effects of radiofrequency fields on cell proliferation are non-thermal.
The genomic effects of cell phone exposure on the reproductive system.
The genotoxic effect of radiofrequency waves on mouse brain.
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The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on hepatic oxidative DNA and lipid damage in nonpregnant, pregnant, and newly born rabbits.
The influence of direct mobile phone radiation on sperm quality.
The link between radiofrequencies emitted from wireless technologies and oxidative stress.
The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field.
Tinnitus and cell phones: the role of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation.
Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health.
X-rays, microwaves and vinyl chloride monomer: their clastogenic and aneugenic activity, using the micronucleus assay on human lymphocytes.

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CARDIOVASCULAR
Keywords ­ Cardiac, cardiovascular, pacemaker, pacemakers, implanted, blood pressure, implantable, vascular, heart rate variability, myocardial, heart rate variability (HRV), implants, cardiac pacemakers, implantation, defibrillators, implant, cardioverter, myocardium, cardiovascular system, implantable cardioverter, Cardiovascular disease, defibrillator, fibrillation, arrhythmia, arterial blood pressure, autonomic nervous system, cardioverter defibrillators, implanted pacemakers, cardiac pacemaker, hypertension, arrhythmias, cardioverter-defibrillators, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, implantable cardioverterdefibrillators, pacemaker function, heart disease, implanted cardiac, tachycardia, cardiac devices, circulatory system, microcirculation, blood vessels, cardiomyocytes, cardiovascular effects, vascular permeability, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, ventricular fibrillation, arterial pressure, Atrial fibrillation, cardiac output, cardiovascular function, Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), implantable devices, arrhythmic, carotid artery, pacemaker dysfunction, pacemaker malfunction
Titles
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
5-HT contents change in peripheral blood of workers exposed to microwave and high frequency radiation].
Activation of VEGF/Flk-1-ERK Pathway Induced Blood-Brain Barrier Injury After Microwave Exposure.
AduoLa Fuzhenglin down-regulates microwave-induced expression of beta1-adrenergic receptor and muscarinic type 2 acetylcholine receptor in myocardial cells of rats.
An update on mobile phones interference with medical devices.
Analysis of ECG on the staffs exposed to microwave in the radio calling signal station].
Biochemical and histological studies on adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on rat's brain.
Biological effects and health risks of electromagnetic fields at levels classified by INCRIP ans admissible among occupationally exposed workers: a study of the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz].
Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards.
Biosomatic effects of the electromagnetic fields on view of the physiotherapy personnel health.
Cardiac devices and electromagnetic interference revisited: new radiofrequency technologies and implications for dermatologic surgery.
Cardiovascular risk in operators under radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.

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Cell Phone Radiation Effect on Bone-to-Implant Osseointegration: A Preliminary Histologic Evaluation in Rabbits.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cellular Phone Irradiation of the Head Affects Heart Rate Variability Depending on Inspiration/Expiration Ratio.
Danger of cellular telephones and their relay stations].
Dataset on significant role of Candesartan on cognitive functions in rats having memory impairment induced by electromagnetic waves.
Dirty electricity, chronic stress, neurotransmitters and disease.
Disturbances in the function of cardiac pacemaker caused by short wave and microwave diathermies and pulsed high frequency current.
ECG changes in factory workers exposed to 27.2 MHz radiofrequency radiation.
Effect of mobile phone electromagnetic emission on characteristics of cerebral blood circulation and neurohumoral regulations in humans].
Effect of Mobile Phone Radiation on Cardiovascular Development of Chick Embryo.
Effect of qindan fuzheng capsule on ultrastructure of microwave radiation injured cardiomyocytes and hepatocytes in rats].
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.
Electromagnetic compatibility study of the in-vitro interaction of wireless phones with cardiac pacemakers.
Electromagnetic energy radiated from mobile phone alters electrocardiographic records of patients with ischemic heart disease.
Electromagnetic field induced biological effects in humans.
Electromagnetic fields produced by incubators influence heart rate variability in newborns.
Electromagnetic fields promote severe and unique vascular calcification in an animal model of ectopic calcification.
Electromagnetic interference of communication devices on ECG machines.
Electromagnetic interference of implantable cardiac devices from a shoulder massage machine.
Electromagnetic interference of implantable unipolar cardiac pacemakers by an induction oven.
Electronic article surveillance systems and interactions with implantable cardiac devices: risk of adverse interactions in public and commercial spaces.

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Electrosmog and autoimmune disease.
Epidemiological risk assessment of pathology development in occupational exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of occupational risk caused by exposure to electromagnetic rays].
Evaluation of selected functional circulation parameters of workers from various occupational groups exposed to electromagnetic fields of high frequency. III. 24-h monitoring of arterial blood pressure (ABP)].
Evaluation of selected parameters of circulatory system function in various occupational groups exposed to high frequency electromagnetic fields. II. Electrocardiographic changes].
Evaluation of the safety of users of active implantable medical devices (AIMD) in the working environment in terms of exposure to electromagnetic fields - Practical approach to the requirements of European Directive 2013/35/EU.
Fetal and neonatal responses following maternal exposure to mobile phones.
Health Council Report 'Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (300 Hz-300 GHz). The Health Council of the Netherlands].
Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in radio and TV broadcasting stations workers.
Heart rate variability affected by radiofrequency electromagnetic field in adolescent students.
Hospital pager systems may cause interference with pacemaker telemetry.
Implanted medical devices in workers exposed to radio-frequency radiation.
In vitro and in vivo study of electromagnetic compatibility of cellular phones and pacemakers].
Influence of digital and analogue cellular telephones on implanted pacemakers.
Inter-beat intervals of cardiac-cell aggregates during exposure to 2.45 GHz CW, pulsed, and square-wave-modulated microwaves.
Interference of vitamin E on the brain tissue damage by electromagnetic radiation of cell phone in pregnant and fetal rats].
Leukemia mortality and incidence of infantile leukemia near the Vatican Radio Station of Rome].
Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems.
Mobile phone interference with medical equipment and its clinical relevance: a systematic review.
Occupational exposure to non-ionizing radiation and an association with heart disease: an exploratory study.
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Replication of heart rate variability provocation study with 2.4-GHz cordless phone confirms original findings.
Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8GHz GSM base station environmental emission.
Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action.
Selective interference with pacemaker activity by electrical dental devices.
Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review].
The effect of cell phones on pacemaker function].
The effects of the duration of mobile phone use on heart rate variability parameters in healthy subjects.
The health problems of computer operators].
The influence of the call with a mobile phone on heart rate variability parameters in healthy volunteers.
Use of mobile phones in ICU--why not ban?
A Journal Course: update for nurse anesthetists. Arrhythmia management devices and electromagnetic interference.

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IMMUNITY
Keywords ­ lymphocytes, immune, lymphocyte, immune system, immunity, blood lymphocytes, leukocytes, antibodies, immune response, human lymphocytes, antibody, peripheral blood lymphocytes, immunological, leukocyte, neutrophils, lymphocytic, immune functions, immunoreactivity, autoimmune, immunization, monocytes, neutrophil, antigens, macrophage, immune parameters, immune responses, immunocompetent, natural killer cells, spleen lymphocytes, immunologic, immunoreactive, micronucleated cells, monoclonal antibodies, spleen cells, splenocytes, T lymphocytes, antibody production, antibody-forming, monoclonal antibody
Titles
954 MHz microwaves enhance the mutagenic properties of mitomycin C.
Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats].
Electromagnetic fields may act via calcineurin inhibition to suppress immunity, thereby increasing risk for opportunistic infection: Conceivable mechanisms of action.
Exposure to 1.8 GHz electromagnetic fields affects morphology, DNA-related Raman spectra and mitochondrial functions in human lympho-monocytes.
Exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces caspase 3 activation in proliferating human lymphocytes.
Exposure to radiation from single or combined radio frequencies provokes macrophage dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 cell line.
Gene expression changes in the skin of rats induced by prolonged 35 GHz millimeter-wave exposure.
Immune responses of a wall lizard to whole-body exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Immunobiological effect of bitemporal exposure of rabbits to microwaves].
Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Immunosuppressive effect of the decimeter-band electromagnetic field].
Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations.
Increased levels of numerical chromosome aberrations after in vitro exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields for 72 hours.
Individual responsiveness to induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes after exposure in vitro to 1800-MHz microwave radiation.
Influence of 1.8 GHz microwave on DNA damage induced by 4 chemical mutagens].
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Morphological changes in the thyroid and adrenals under the bitemporal action of a UHF electrical field and decimeter waves (experimental research)].
Mutagenic and morphologic impacts of 1.8GHz radiofrequency radiation on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (hPBLs) and possible protective role of pre-treatment with Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761).
Radiofrequency radiation and the immune system. Part 3. In vitro effects on human immunoglobin and on murine T- and B-lymphocytes.
Radiofrequency-induced carcinogenesis: cellular calcium homeostasis changes as a triggering factor.
Radioprotective effects of honeybee venom (Apis mellifera) against 915-MHz microwave radiation-induced DNA damage in wistar rat lymphocytes: in vitro study.
Reaction of the immune system to low-level RF/MW exposures.
Study of low-intensity 2450-MHz microwave exposure enhancing the genotoxic effects of mitomycin C using micronucleus test and comet assay in vitro.
Studying the synergistic damage effects induced by 1.8 GHz radiofrequency field radiation (RFR) with four chemical mutagens on human lymphocyte DNA using comet assay in vitro.
Terahertz radiation increases genomic instability in human lymphocytes.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation with extremely high frequency and low intensity on cytotoxic activity of human natural killer cells].
The effects of 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on nasal mucosa and mucociliary clearance in rats.
The immune response of women with prolonged exposure to electromagnetic fields produced by radiotelevision broadcasting stations.
Effect of electromagnetic radiation on T-lymphocyte subpopulations and immunoglobulin level in human blood serum after occupational exposure].
Effect of electromagnetic waves from mobile phone on immune status of male rats: possible protective role of vitamin D.
Effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity on parameters of humoral immunity in healthy mice].
Effect of low intensity and very high frequency electromagnetic radiation on occupationally exposed personnel].
Effect of low-intensity microwave of on mitomycin C-induced genotoxicity in vitro].
Effect of microwave radiation on cellular immunity indices in conditions of chronic exposure].

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Effect of wide-band modulated electromagnetic fields on the workers of high-frequency telephone exchanges].
Effects of 2000 muW/cm2; electromagnetic radiation on expression of immunoreactive protein and mRNA of NMDA receptor 2A subunit in rats hippocampus].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on health and immune function of operators].
Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on DNA damage in Chinese hamster lung cells].

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BIOMARKERS
Keywords ­ apoptosis, oxidative stress, Malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, apoptotic, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidation, permeability, catalase, MDA, ROS, ROS), reactive oxygen species (ROS), Malondialdehyde (MDA), SOD), cell death, glutathione peroxidase, inflammatory, erythrocytes, oxidative damage, SOD, caspase-3, free radical, nitric oxide, free radicals, biomarkers, bcl-2, catalase (CAT), inflammation, corticosterone, edema, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), cytokine, cytokines, alkaline phosphatase, cell apoptosis, protein kinase, ATP, glutathione (GSH), oxidation, TNF-alpha, Bax, Ca2+, estrogen, ornithine decarboxylase, red blood cells, intracellular calcium, cell damage, apoptotic cell, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, cerebral blood flow, glutamate, hydrogen peroxide, IL-1beta, Purkinje, serotonin, apoptotic cell death, barrier permeability, carbonyl, hormone levels, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), acetylcholinesterase, calcium ion, Calcium ions, endothelial cells, GABA, MDA levels, ODC, xanthine oxidase, creatinine, intracellular ROS, cholinesterase, lipid peroxidation levels, pro-inflammatory, protein kinase C, adrenocorticotropic hormone, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, caspase 3, caspase-9, catalase activity, glutathione levels, NF-kappaB, atrophy, nitric oxide synthase, cAMP, acid phosphatase, adenosine deaminase, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), blood cell count, blood platelets, Ca++, adrenaline, C-reactive protein, oxidative damages, Reactive Oxygen Species), vascular endothelial growth factor
Titles
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
1950MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells.
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Learning and Spatial Memory via Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress Induced p53-Dependent/Independent Hippocampal Apoptosis: Molecular Basis and Underlying Mechanism.
2.45 GHz microwave radiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress mediated testicular apoptosis: Involvement of a p53 dependent bax-caspase-3 mediated pathway.
2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress.
8-oxoG DNA glycosylase-1 inhibition sensitizes Neuro-2a cells to oxidative DNA base damage induced by 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.

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900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C. 900-MHz microwave radiation enhances gamma-ray adverse effects on SHG44 cells. 900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain. 915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic field affect chromatin conformation and 53BP1 foci in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons. Activation of VEGF/Flk-1-ERK Pathway Induced Blood-Brain Barrier Injury After Microwave Exposure. Acute ocular injuries caused by 60-Ghz millimeter-wave exposure.
Alterations of cognitive function and 5-HT system in rats after long term microwave exposure. Alternating magnetic field damages the reproductive function of murine testes]. Apoptosis is induced by radiofrequency fields through the caspase-independent mitochondrial pathway in cortical neurons. Biochemical and histological studies on adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on rat's brain. Biochemical and pathological changes in the male rat kidney and bladder following exposure to continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field on postnatal days 22-59<sup/>. Biochemical changes in rat brain exposed to low intensity 9.9 GHz microwave radiation. Biochemical modifications and neuronal damage in brain of young and adult rats after long-term exposure to mobile phone radiations. Bioeffects induced by exposure to microwaves are mitigated by superposition of ELF noise. Bioeffects of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance from the antenna. Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards. Biological effects of continuous exposure of embryos and young chickens to electromagnetic fields emitted by video display units. Biological oxidation in cells exposed to microwaves in the millimeter range]. Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. Calreticulin attenuated microwave radiation-induced human microvascular endothelial cell injury through promoting actin acetylation and polymerization. Cell phone electromagnetic field radiations affect rhizogenesis through impairment of biochemical processes. Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats].
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Changes in mitochondrial functioning with electromagnetic radiation of ultra high frequency as revealed by electron paramagnetic resonance methods.
Changes in serum alkaline phosphatase activity during in vitro exposure to amplitude-modulated electromagnetic field of ultrahigh frequency (2375 MHz) in guinea pigs].
Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent exposure to GSM-900MHz mobile phone radiation: Detection of apoptotic cell-death features.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM 1800 MHz) on immature and mature rats.
DNA Damage of Lymphocytes in Volunteers after 4 hours Use of Mobile Phone.
Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice.
Effect of 3G cell phone exposure with computer controlled 2-D stepper motor on non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway in rat brain.
Effect of 835 MHz radiofrequency radiation exposure on calcium binding proteins in the hippocampus of the mouse brain.
Effect of 900 MHz Electromagnetic Radiation on the Induction of ROS in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells.
Effect of 900 MHz radio frequency radiation on beta amyloid protein, protein carbonyl, and malondialdehyde in the brain.
Effect of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on oxidative stress in rat brain and serum.
Effect of 900-, 1800-, and 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on DNA and oxidative stress in brain.
Effect of 900Mhz electromagnetic fields on energy metabolism in postnatal rat cerebral cortical neurons].
Effect of 910-MHz electromagnetic field on rat bone marrow.
Effect of American Ginseng Capsule on the liver oxidative injury and the Nrf2 protein expression in rats exposed by electromagnetic radiation of frequency of cell phone].
Effect of cell phone use on salivary total protein, enzymes and oxidative stress markers in young adults: a pilot study.
Effect of Exposure to 900 MHz GSM Mobile Phone Radiofrequency Radiation on Estrogen Receptor Methylation Status in Colon Cells of Male Sprague Dawley Rats.
Effect of Guilingji Capsule on the fertility, liver functions, and serum LDH of male SD rats exposed by 900 mhz cell phone].

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Effect of low level microwave radiation exposure on cognitive function and oxidative stress in rats.
Effect of Low-Intensity Microwave Radiation on Monoamine Neurotransmitters and Their Key Regulating Enzymes in Rat Brain.
Effect of mobile phone electromagnetic emission on characteristics of cerebral blood circulation and neurohumoral regulations in humans].
Effect of Mobile Phone-Induced Electromagnetic Field on Brain Hemodynamics and Human Stem Cell Functioning: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk and Early Diagnostic Value of Electronphotonic Imaging.
Effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure on in vitro models of neurodegenerative disease.
Effect of Short-term 900 MHz low level electromagnetic radiation exposure on blood serotonin and glutamate levels.
Effects of 1800 MHz GSM-like exposure on the gonadal function and hematological parameters of male mice].
Effects of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on microRNA expression in brain tissue.
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave exposures on the peroxidation status in Wistar rats.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic fields exposure throughout middle/late adolescence on the kidney morphology and biochemistry of the female rat.
Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes.
Effects of cell phone radiation on lipid peroxidation, glutathione and nitric oxide levels in mouse brain during epileptic seizure.
Electromagnetic fields (1.8 GHz) increase the permeability to sucrose of the blood-brain barrier in vitro.
Electromagnetic fields (UHF) increase voltage sensitivity of membrane ion channels; possible indication of cell phone effect on living cells.
Electromagnetic fields at a mobile phone frequency (900 MHz) trigger the onset of general stress response along with DNA modifications in Eisenia fetida earthworms.
Electromagnetic fields may act via calcineurin inhibition to suppress immunity, thereby increasing risk for opportunistic infection: Conceivable mechanisms of action.

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Electromagnetic fields, such as those from mobile phones, alter regional cerebral blood flow and sleep and waking EEG.
Electromagnetic pulse exposure induces overexpression of beta amyloid protein in rats.
Electromagnetic radiation (Wi-Fi) and epilepsy induce calcium entry and apoptosis through activation of TRPV1 channel in hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Electromagnetic radiation 2450 MHz exposure causes cognition deficit with mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in rats.
Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.
Electromagnetic-pulse-induced activation of p38 MAPK pathway and disruption of blood-retinal barrier.
Enhanced cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of gadolinium following ELF-EMF irradiation in human lymphocytes.
Enhancement of X-ray Induced Apoptosis by Mobile Phone-Like Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields in Mouse Spermatocyte-Derived Cells.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation induces oxidative DNA base damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line.
Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA in primary cultured neurons.
Exposure to 1950-MHz TD-SCDMA electromagnetic fields affects the apoptosis of astrocytes via caspase-3-dependent pathway.
Exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces caspase 3 activation in proliferating human lymphocytes.
Exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field for 1 hour a day over 30 days does change the histopathology and biochemistry of the rat testis.
Exposure to cell phone induce oxidative stress in mice preantral follicles during in vitro cultivation: An experimental study.
Exposure to cell phone radiation up-regulates apoptosis genes in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes.
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Exposure to ELF-pulse modulated X band microwaves increases in vitro human astrocytoma cell proliferation.
Exposure to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.
Exposure to GSM 900-MHz mobile radiation impaired inhibitory avoidance memory consolidation in rat: Involvements of opioidergic and nitrergic systems.
Exposure to pulse-modulated radio frequency electromagnetic fields affects regional cerebral blood flow.
Exposure to radiation from single or combined radio frequencies provokes macrophage dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 cell line.
Exposure to radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress in duckweed Lemna minor L.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure enhances inflammatory response and inhibits effect of antioxidant in RAW 264.7 cells.
From the Cover: 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress Mechanism-Induced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling.
GSM 900 MHz microwave radiation affects embryo development of Japanese quails.
GSM-like radiofrequency exposure induces apoptosis via caspase-dependent pathway in infant rabbits.
Histological and histochemical study of the protective role of rosemary extract against harmful effect of cell phone electromagnetic radiation on the parotid glands.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Impact of electromagnetic radiation emitted by monitors on changes in the cellular membrane structure and protective antioxidant effect of vitamin A - In vitro study.
In vivo exposure of rats to a weak alternating magnetic field increases ornithine decarboxylase activity in the mammary gland by a similar extent as the carcinogen DMBA.
Increased ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured cells exposed to low energy modulated microwave fields and phorbol ester tumor promoters.
Interference of vitamin E on the brain tissue damage by electromagnetic radiation of cell phone in pregnant and fetal rats].
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV): potentiation of lethality in mice by microwave radiation.

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Lipid peroxide damage in retinal ganglion cells induced by microwave].
Long term and excessive use of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation alter microRNA expression in brain.
Long term exposure to cell phone frequencies (900 and 1800 MHz) induces apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress and TRPV1 channel activation in the hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Long-term exposure of 2450MHz electromagnetic radiation induces stress and anxiety like behavior in rats.
Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring.
Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems.
Low intensity microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, inflammatory response and DNA damage in rat brain.
Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells.
Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat.
Maternal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field provokes neuronal loss and pathological changes in cerebellum of 32-day-old female rat offspring.
Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring.
Microwave exposure impairs synaptic plasticity in the rat hippocampus and PC12 cells through over-activation of the NMDA receptor signaling pathway.
Microwave radiation (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress: Whole-body exposure effect on histopathology of Wistar rats.
Microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, cognitive impairment and inflammation in brain of Fischer rats.
Microwave radiation induces injury to GC-2spd cells].
Microwave-induced Apoptosis and Cytotoxicity of NK Cells through ERK1/2 Signaling.
Mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity.
Mobile phone affects cerebral blood flow in humans.

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Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro.
Mobile phone radiation-induced free radical damage in the liver is inhibited by the antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine and epigallocatechin-gallate.
Neural cell apoptosis induced by microwave exposure through mitochondria-dependent caspase3 pathway.
Neurodegenerative changes and apoptosis induced by intrauterine and extrauterine exposure of radiofrequency radiation.
Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects.
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative stress-mediated alterations on sperm parameters in male Wistar rats exposed to 3G mobile phone radiation.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.
p25/CDK5 is partially involved in neuronal injury induced by radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure.
Pathological study of testicular injury induced by high power microwave radiation in rats].
Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz.
Pernicious effects of long-term, continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field throughout adolescence on hippocampus morphology, biochemistry and pyramidal neuron numbers in 60day-old Sprague Dawley male rats.
Protective effect of Liuweidihuang Pills against cellphone electromagnetic radiation-induced histomorphological abnormality, oxidative injury, and cell apoptosis in rat testes].
Protective effects of beta-glucan against oxidative injury induced by 2.45-GHz electromagnetic radiation in the skin tissue of rats.
Protective effects of Genistein on human renal tubular epithelial cells damage of microwave radiation].
Protective effects of luteolin on rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Pulse modulated 900 MHz radiation induces hypothyroidism and apoptosis in thyroid cells: a light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemical study.

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Pulsed electromagnetic fields accelerate apoptotic rate in osteoclasts.
Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro and thus may affect male fertility.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from cell phone causes defective testicular function in male Wistar rats.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice.
Radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) causes impaired insulin secretion and increased oxidative stress in rat pancreatic islets.
Radiofrequency-induced carcinogenesis: cellular calcium homeostasis changes as a triggering factor.
Reactive oxygen species formation and apoptosis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cell induced by 900 MHz mobile phone radiation.
Reactive oxygen species levels and DNA fragmentation on astrocytes in primary culture after acute exposure to low intensity microwave electromagnetic field.
Reduction of phosphorylated synapsin I (ser-553) leads to spatial memory impairment by attenuating GABA release after microwave exposure in Wistar rats.
Role of Mitochondria in the Oxidative Stress Induced by Electromagnetic Fields: Focus on Reproductive Systems.
Selenium reduces mobile phone (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced oxidative stress in the HEK293 cells.
Ten gigahertz microwave radiation impairs spatial memory, enzymes activity, and histopathology of developing mice brain.
Testicular apoptosis and histopathological changes induced by a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field.
The antioxidant effect of Green Tea Mega EGCG against electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress in the hippocampus and striatum of rats.
Ultrastructural change of rabbit lens epithelial cells induced by low power level microwave radiation].
Vitamin C protects rat cerebellum and encephalon from oxidative stress following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
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Zinc supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced lipid peroxidation in the rat brain.

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SENSORY DISORDERS
Keywords ­ auditory, acoustic, ear, hypersensitivity, EHS, electromagnetic hypersensitivity, otoacoustic, vestibular, hypersensitive, cataract, cochlea, auditory system, inner ear, lens epithelial, corneal, tinnitus, vision, lenses, otoacoustic emissions, hearing loss, otoacoustic emission, epidermis, rabbit lens, dermatitis, auditory stimuli, cataractogenic, Auditory brainstem response (ABR), auditory evoked, electrohypersensitive, electrosensitivity, vestibular system, cochlear implants, dermatological, hearing function, hearing thresholds, pain sensitivity, pain threshold, skin complaints
Titles
A quantitative study on early changes in rabbit lens capsule epithelium induced by low power density microwave radiation].
A study on the effect of prolonged mobile phone use on pure tone audiometry thresholds of medical students of Sikkim.
Acceleration of the development of benzopyrene-induced skin cancer in mice by microwave radiation.
Alteration of glycine receptor immunoreactivity in the auditory brainstem of mice following three months of exposure to radiofrequency radiation at SAR 4.0 W/kg.
Assessment of intermittent UMTS electromagnetic field effects on blood circulation in the human auditory region using a near-infrared system.
Association between vestibular schwannomas and mobile phone use.
Audiologic disturbances in long-term mobile phone users.
Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields].
Cell phone use and acoustic neuroma: the need for standardized questionnaires and access to industry data.
Changes in gap junctional intercellular communication in rabbits lens epithelial cells induced by low power density microwave radiation.
Cognitive and neurobiological alterations in electromagnetic hypersensitive patients: results of a case-control study.
Contribution of physical factors to the complex anthropogenic load in an industrial town].
Decrease in the intensity of the cellular immune response and nonspecific inflammation upon exposure to extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation].
DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells].

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EEG Changes Due to Experimentally Induced 3G Mobile Phone Radiation. Effect Of Electromagnetic Waves Emitted From Mobile Phone On Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potential In Adult Males. Effect of low-intensity microwave radiation on proliferation of cultured epithelial cells of rabbit lens]. Effect of superposed electromagnetic noise on DNA damage of lens epithelial cells induced by microwave radiation. Effect of wide-band modulated electromagnetic fields on the workers of high-frequency telephone exchanges].
Effects of 2.45-GHz microwaves on primate corneal endothelium. Effects of different dose microwave radiation on protein components of cultured rabbit lens]. Effects of exposure to 2100MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats. Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency on distortion product otoacoustic emissions in pregnant adult rabbits. Effects of intensive and moderate cellular phone use on hearing function. Effects of low level electromagnetic field exposure at 2.45 GHz on rat cornea. Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective. Effects of mobile phones on oxidant/antioxidant balance in cornea and lens of rats. Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes - a pilot study on pulsed field interference with cognitive regeneration. Electromagnetic field induced biological effects in humans. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity--an increasing challenge to the medical profession. Experimental studies on the influence of millimeter radiation on light transmission through the lens]. Increased sensitivity of the non-human primate eye to microwave radiation following ophthalmic drug pretreatment. Intraoperative observation of changes in cochlear nerve action potentials during exposure to electromagnetic fields generated by mobile phones. Is human saliva an indicator of the adverse health effects of using mobile phones? Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells. Mobile phone induced sensorineural hearing loss.
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Mobile phone related-hazards and subjective hearing and vision symptoms in the Saudi population. Non-thermal electromagnetic radiation damage to lens epithelium. Occupational safety: effects of workplace radiofrequencies on hearing function. Reliable disease biomarkers characterizing and identifying electrohypersensitivity and multiple chemical sensitivity as two etiopathogenic aspects of a unique pathological disorder. Replication of heart rate variability provocation study with 2.4-GHz cordless phone confirms original findings. Single-strand DNA breaks in human hair root cells exposed to mobile phone radiation. Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones. Some ocular symptoms experienced by users of mobile phones. The acute auditory effects of exposure for 60 minutes to mobile`s electromagnetic field. The effect of radiofrequency radiation generated by a Global System for Mobile Communications source on cochlear development in a rat model. The effect of very low dose pulsed magnetic waves on cochlea. The effects of pulsed low-level EM fields on memory processes]. The electromagnetic fields of cellular phones and the health of children and of teenagers (the situation requiring to take an urgent measure)]. Tinnitus and cell phones: the role of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation. Tinnitus and mobile phone use. Ultrastructural change of rabbit lens epithelial cells induced by low power level microwave radiation].

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DISCOMFORT SYMPTOMS
Keywords ­ depression, anxiety, headache, headaches, dizziness, depressed, depressive, vertigo, cataracts, behavioral effects, nausea, headache dizziness, low back pain, behavioural effects
Titles
A study on the biological effects of exposure mobile-phone frequency EMF].
A survey study on some neurological symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
Adverse effects of excessive mobile phone use.
Anxiogenic effect of chronic exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic field in adult rats.
Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.
Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression.
Clinical features of headache associated with mobile phone use: a cross-sectional study in university students.
Effect of electromagnetic radiations from mobile phone base stations on general health and salivary function.
Effect of high-frequency EMF on public health and its neuro-chemical investigations].
Effect of low intensity and very high frequency electromagnetic radiation on occupationally exposed personnel].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from cellular telephone handsets on symptoms of neurasthenia].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on health and immune function of operators].
Effects of GSM-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Some Physiological and Biochemical Parameters in Rats.
Effects of low intensity radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on electrical activity in rat hippocampal slices.
Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective.
Effects of mobile phone radiation (900 MHz radiofrequency) on structure and functions of rat brain.
Exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic field radiation, ringtone and vibration affects anxietylike behaviour and oxidative stress biomarkers in albino wistar rats.

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Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic waves alters acetylcholinesterase gene expression, exploratory and motor coordination-linked behaviour in male rats.
Long-term exposure of 2450MHz electromagnetic radiation induces stress and anxiety like behavior in rats.
Magnetic fields of transmission lines and depression.
Microwave radiation and chlordiazepoxide: synergistic effects on fixed-interval behavior.
Microwave sickness: a reappraisal.
Mobile phone use and health symptoms in children.
Mobile Phone Use and The Risk of Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Crosssectional Studies.
Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir.
Motor activity of rabbits in conditions of chronic low-intensity pulse microwave irradiation].
MRI magnetic field stimulates rotational sensors of the brain.
Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Postnatal development and behavior effects of in-utero exposure of rats to radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional WiFi devices.
Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use.
Prevalence of headache among handheld cellular telephone users in Singapore: a community study.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced behavioral changes and their possible basis.
Scientific evidence contradicts findings and assumptions of Canadian Safety Panel 6: microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action.
Self-reported symptoms associated with exposure to electromagnetic fields: a questionnaire study.
Self-reporting of symptom development from exposure to radiofrequency fields of wireless smart meters in victoria, australia: a case series.
Subjective complaints of people living near mobile phone base stations in Poland.
Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations.

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CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES Keywords ­ malformations, teratogenic, congenital, congenital malformations, teratogenicity, teratogens, teratologic, cleft palate, congenital anomalies, malformed, teratological
Titles
Are microwaves a co-teratogen? Experimental model concept and its verification].
Effect of early pregnancy electromagnetic field exposure on embryo growth ceasing].
Effects of continuous low-level exposure to radiofrequency radiation on intrauterine development in rats. Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency irradiation during the oogenesis and spermiogenesis of Xenopus laevis. Effects of MR exposure at 1.5 T on early embryonic development of the chick.
First cell cycles of sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus are dramatically impaired by exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field.
Lethal and teratogenic effects of long-term low-intensity radio frequency radiation at 428 MHz on developing chick embryo.
Microwave radiation enhances teratogenic effect of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Morinda officialis how extract improves microwave-induced reproductive impairment in male rats]. MRI effects on craniofacial size and crown-rump length in C57BL/6J mice in 1.5T fields.
Pathological study of testicular injury induced by high power microwave radiation in rats].
Pulsed magnetic field from video display terminals enhances teratogenic effects of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Reproductive hazards among workers at high voltage substations.
Studies of the teratogenic potential of exposure of rats to 6000-MHz microwave radiation. I. Morphologic analysis at term. Studies of the teratogenic potential of exposure of rats to 6000-MHz microwave radiation. II. Postnatal psychophysiologic evaluations.
Teratogenic effects of sinusoidal extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on morphology of 24 hr chick embryos.
Teratogenic, biochemical, and histological studies with mice prenatally exposed to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.
VDT pulse magnetic field enhances teratogenic effect of ara-c in mice.
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CIRCADIAN RHYTHYM AND MELATONIN Keywords ­ melatonin, sleep, circadian, melatonin production, sleep disturbances, insomnia, melatonin levels, melatonin secretion, sleep disorders, sleep EEG, poor sleep, pineal function
Titles
900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain.
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.
Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia and Depression among Japanese Adolescents. Association between overuse of mobile phones on quality of sleep and general health among occupational health and safety students. Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.
Bedtime mobile phone use and sleep in adults.
Biological effects of continuous exposure of embryos and young chickens to electromagnetic fields emitted by video display units.
Breast cancer and electric power.
Cellular phones: are they detrimental? Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression.
Chronotoxicity of 1800 MHz microwave radiation on sex hormones and spermatogenesis in male mice].
Circadian rhythmicity of antioxidant markers in rats exposed to 1.8 GHz radiofrequency fields.
Direct suppressive effects of weak magnetic fields (50 Hz and 16 2/3 Hz) on melatonin synthesis in the pineal gland of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus).
Do magnetic fields cause increased risk of childhood leukemia via melatonin disruption? Effect of electromagnetic radiations from mobile phone base stations on general health and salivary function.
Effect of low intensity and very high frequency electromagnetic radiation on occupationally exposed personnel].
Effects of 1800-MHz radiofrequency fields on circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin and testosterone in male rats.
Effects of electromagnetic fields exposure on plasma hormonal and inflammatory pathway biomarkers in male workers of a power plant.
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Effects of melatonin on Wi-Fi-induced oxidative stress in lens of rats.
Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary.
Effects of prenatal 900 MHz electromagnetic field exposures on the histology of rat kidney.
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested casecontrol study.
Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran.
Individual differences in the effects of mobile phone exposure on human sleep: rethinking the problem.
Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I/Incidence according to distance and sex].
Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
Melatonin modulates 900 Mhz microwave-induced lipid peroxidation changes in rat brain.
Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Melatonin reduces oxidative stress induced by chronic exposure of microwave radiation from mobile phones in rat brain.
Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.
Mitochondrial DNA damage and oxidative damage in HL-60 cells exposed to 900MHz radiofrequency fields.
Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin.
Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir.
Mobile phones: time to rethink and limit usage.
Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin.

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Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Neuroprotective effects of melatonin and omega-3 on hippocampal cells prenatally exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Non-thermal biomarkers of exposure to radiofrequency/microwave radiation.
Non-thermal continuous and modulated electromagnetic radiation fields effects on sleep EEG of rats.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.

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CHRONIC CONDITIONS
Keywords - metabolism, metabolic, glucose, endocrine, cholesterol, Diabetes, calcium homeostasis, glucose levels, homeostatic, metabolic activity, metabolic heat production, Diabetes Mellitus, diabetic, glucose metabolism, obesity
Titles
Assessment of biological changes of continuous whole-body exposure to static magnetic field and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in mice.
Association of exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic field radiation (RF-EMFR) generated by mobile phone base stations with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Biological accounts emerging from some kinds of electromagnetic waves in the environment.
Calreticulin attenuated microwave radiation-induced human microvascular endothelial cell injury through promoting actin acetylation and polymerization.
Cardiovascular risk in operators under radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Cell oxidation-reduction imbalance after modulated radiofrequency radiation.
Changes in mitochondrial functioning with electromagnetic radiation of ultra high frequency as revealed by electron paramagnetic resonance methods.
Common behaviors alterations after extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure in rat animal model.
Dirty electricity, chronic stress, neurotransmitters and disease.
Disordered redox metabolism of brain cells in rats exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation or UHF electromagnetic radiation.
Disturbances of glucose tolerance in workers exposed to electromagnetic radiation].
Dynamics of metabolic parameters in rats during repeated exposure to modulated low-intensity UHF radiation.
Effect of a 20 kHz sawtooth magnetic field exposure on the estrous cycle in mice.
Effect of coherent extremely high-frequency and low-intensity electromagnetic radiation on the activity of membrane systems in Escherichia coli].
Effect of discontinuous short-wave electromagnetic field irradiation on the state of the endocrine glands].
Effect of Exposure to 900 MHz GSM Mobile Phone Radiofrequency Radiation on Estrogen Receptor Methylation Status in Colon Cells of Male Sprague Dawley Rats.

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Effects of continuous low-level exposure to radiofrequency radiation on intrauterine development in rats.
Effects of continuous-wave, pulsed, and sinusoidal-amplitude-modulated microwaves on brain energy metabolism.
Effects of electromagnetic fields on the immune systems of occupationally exposed humans and mice.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation exposure on bone mineral density, thyroid, and oxidative stress index in electrical workers.
Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field radiation (EMFR) generated by activated mobile phones on fasting blood glucose.
Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field and its combination with lead on the antioxidant system in mouse].
Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective.
Effects of RF-EMF Exposure from GSM Mobile Phones on Proliferation Rate of Human Adipose-derived Stem Cells: An In-vitro Study.
Endocrine mechanism of placental circulatory disturbances induced by microwave in pregnant rats].
Evidence that dirty electricity is causing the worldwide epidemics of obesity and diabetes.
Exposure to GSM 900 MHz electromagnetic fields affects cerebral cytochrome c oxidase activity.
Functional activity and metabolism of blood neutrophils exposed to low-intensity microwaves].
Glucose administration attenuates spatial memory deficits induced by chronic low-power-density microwave exposure.
GSM mobile phone radiation suppresses brain glucose metabolism.
High-frequency electromagnetic field exposure on reproductive and endocrine functions of female workers].
Hippocampal lipidome and transcriptome profile alterations triggered by acute exposure of mice to GSM 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation: An exploratory study.
Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems.
Metabolic changes in cells under electromagnetic radiation of mobile communication systems].
Occupations with exposure to electromagnetic fields: a possible risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.

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Pulse modulated 900 MHz radiation induces hypothyroidism and apoptosis in thyroid cells: a light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemical study.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) causes impaired insulin secretion and increased oxidative stress in rat pancreatic islets.
Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?
Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health.

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A2-C. Citing Papers
Essentially all the papers referenced in A2-B show adverse effects. The papers that cite these adverse effects papers (and some associated papers) were retrieved, and were filtered by visual inspection. The references to these citing papers that also show adverse effects from wireless radiation are presented in the following. The combination of relevant papers in A2-B and their citing papers in A2-C constitutes a representative sample of the wireless radiation adverse effects literature.
The actual literature is far larger. The query used to retrieve relevant papers for A2-B was quite simple, and mainly the citing papers component of the citation network (citing papers, cited papers, related records, etc) was used to expand the relevant papers.

CITING PAPERS
Abdi S, Dorranian D, Naderi GA, Razavi AE. Changes in physico-chemical characteristics of human low density lipoprotein nano-particles by electromagnetic field exposure. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia. 2016;61(1):185-97.
Abedalqader F, Alhuarrat MA, Ibrahim G, Taha F, Al Tamimi A, Shukur M, et al. The correlation between smart device usage & sleep quality among UAE residents. Sleep Medicine. 2019;63:18-23.
Aberumand M, Mansouri E, Pourmotahari F, Mirlohi M, Abdoli Z. Biochemical and Histological Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation on Enzymes and Tissues of Mice. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2016;7(5):1962-71.
Abu-Elsaoud PAM, Qari SH. Influence of Microwave Irradiations on Germination, Seedling Growth and Electrolyte Leakage of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Catrina-the International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2017;16(1):11-24.
Acharya R, Kumar D, Mathur G. Study of Electromagnetic Radiation Effects on Human Body and Reduction Techniques. In: Janyani V, Tiwari M, Singh G, Minzioni P, editors. Optical and Wireless Technologies, Owt 2017. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. 4722018. p. 497505.
Adebayo EA, Adeeyo AO, Ogundiran MA, Olabisi O. Bio-physical effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) on blood parameters, spermatozoa, liver, kidney and heart of albino rats. Journal of King Saud University Science. 2019;31(4):813-21.
Agrawal Y, Gupta V. To treat the patient and not the telemetry: Electric toothbrush causing hospital admission. International Journal of Cardiology. 2016;221:112-3.
Ahamed VIT, Karthick NG, Joseph PK. Effect of mobile phone radiation on heart rate variability. Computers in Biology and Medicine. 2008;38(6):709-12.

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Ahmadi SS, Khaki AA, Alihemmati A, Rajabzadeh A, Giasi GS. The Effects of 50 Hz Electromagnetic Fields Induction of Apoptosis in Rat Follicles. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2017;4(2):64-8.
Akbal A, Kiran Y, Sahin A, Turgut-Balik D, Balik HH. Effects of Electromagnetic Waves Emitted by Mobile Phones on Germination, Root Growth, and Root Tip Cell Mitotic Division of Lens culinaris Medik. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2012;21(1):23-9.
Akefe IO, Yusuf IL, Adegoke VA. C-glycosyl flavonoid orientin alleviates learning and memory impairment by radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation in mice via improving antioxidant defence mechanism. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2019;9(12):518-23.
Al Taweel YA, Kamel AE, Abd El Ghany AAM, Nageeb RS, Bolbol SA, Elsayed MIR. Prevalence of risk factors including cell phone use among patients with brain tumors. Egyptian Journal of Neurology Psychiatry and Neurosurgery. 2016;53(2):111-8.
Al-Bayyari N. The effect of cell phone usage on semen quality and fertility among Jordanian males. Middle East Fertility Society Journal. 2017;22(3):178-82.
Al-Damegh MA. Rat testicular impairment induced by electromagnetic radiation from a conventional cellular telephone and the protective effects of the antioxidants vitamins C and E. Clinics. 2012;67(7):785-92.
Al-Quzwini OF, Al-Taee HA, Al-Shaikh SF. Male fertility and its association with occupational and mobile phone towers hazards: An analytic study. Middle East Fertility Society Journal. 2016;21(4):236-40.
Al-Serori H, Ferk F, Kundi M, Bileck A, Gerner C, Misik M, et al. Mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields induce transient DNA damage and nucleotide excision repair in serumdeprived human glioblastoma cells. Plos One. 2018;13(4).
Al-Serori H, Kundi M, Ferk F, Misik M, Nersesyan A, Murbach M, et al. Evaluation of the potential of mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields (UMTS) to produce micronuclei in human glioblastoma cell lines. Toxicology in Vitro. 2017;40:264-71.
Alchalabi ASH. Gene expression of certain heat shock proteins and antioxidant enzymes in microwave exposed rats. Gene Reports. 2019;16.
Alexiou GA, Sioka C. Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors. Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine. 2015;14.
Ali AH, Salman MD, Saleh R, Fayadh EN, abd Al-Hameed S, Falah H, et al. The Effect of the Electronic Devices on Children. International Workshop in Physics Applications. Journal of Physics Conference Series. 11782019.
Aliyari H, Hosseinian SH, Menhaj MB, Sahraei H. Analysis of the Effects of High-Voltage Transmission Line on Human Stress and Attention Through Electroencephalography (EEG). Iranian Journal of Science and Technology-Transactions of Electrical Engineering. 2019;43:2118.
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Aliyari H, Hosseinian SH, Sahraei H, Menhaj MB. Effect of proximity to high-voltage fields: results of the neural network model and experimental model with macaques. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2019;16(8):4315-26.
Alkis ME, Akdag MZ, Dasdag S, Yegin K, Akpolat V. Single-strand DNA breaks and oxidative changes in rat testes exposed to radiofrequency radiation emitted from cellular phones. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 2019;33(1):1733-40.
Altun G, Deniz OG, Yurt KK, Davis D, Kaplan S. Effects of mobile phone exposure on metabolomics in the male and female reproductive systems. Environmental Research. 2018;167:700-7.
An K, Wang QL, Zhang Y, Guo DM, Cui X. The preventative effects of zinc and vitamin E supplementation on cellular phone radiation-induced oxidative stress in brain tissues of rats and their fetuses. Trace Elements and Electrolytes. 2015;32(3):119-25.
Asgari A, Shoja E, Barzegar S. The Effect of Electromagnetic Waves and Workplace Lighting on Job Stress in Employees of Power Distribution Company. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. 2019;13(3):889-92.
Asl JF, Larijani B, Zakerkish M, Rahim F, Shirbandi K, Akbari R. The possible global hazard of cell phone radiation on thyroid cells and hormones: a systematic review of evidences. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2019;26(18):18017-31.
Aslan A, Ikinci A, Bas O, Sonmez OF, Kaya H, Odaci E. Long-term exposure to a continuous 900 MHz electromagnetic field disrupts cerebellar morphology in young adult male rats. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2017;92(5):324-30.
Aslankoc R, Gumral N, Saygin M, Senol N, Asci H, Cankara FN, et al. The impact of electric fields on testis physiopathology, sperm parameters and DNA integrityThe role of resveratrol. Andrologia. 2018;50(4).
Auger N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Marcoux S, Kosatsky T. Residential exposure to electromagnetic fields during pregnancy and risk of child cancer: A longitudinal cohort study. Environmental Research. 2019;176.
Azimipour F, Zavareh S, Lashkarbolouki T. The Effect of Radiation Emitted by Cell Phone on The Gelatinolytic Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and-9 of Mouse Pre-Antral Follicles during In Vitro Culture. Cell Journal. 2020;22(1):1-8.
Azimzadeh M, Jelodar G. Alteration of testicular regulatory and functional molecules following long-time exposure to 900 MHz RFW emitted from BTS. Andrologia. 2019;51(9).
Azimzadeh M, Jelodar GA, Namazi F, Soleimani F. Exposure to radiofrequency wave (RFW) generated by a base transceiver stations (BTS) antenna model affects learning and memory in female more than male rats. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2018;16(4):487-91.

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Azizi SMY, Sarghein SH, Majd A, Peyvandi M. The effects of the electromagnetic fields on the biochemical components, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant systems of tea Camellia sinensis L. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants. 2019;25(6):1445-56.
Bahar L, Eralp A, Rumevleklioglu Y, Erturk SE, Yuncu M. THE EFFECT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SKIN ULTRASTRUCTURAL AND IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION WITH p63. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. 2018;27(3):1764-71.
Baiden P, Tadeo SK, Peters KE. The association between excessive screen-time behaviors and insufficient sleep among adolescents: Findings from the 2017 youth risk behavior surveillance system. Psychiatry Research. 2019;281.
Balik MS, Tumkaya L, Sehitoglu I, Kalkan Y, Yilmaz A, Balik G, et al. Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field on prenatal locomotor development in rats. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2019;12(3):2364-73.
Balmori A. Anthropogenic radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as an emerging threat to wildlife orientation. Science of the Total Environment. 2015;518:58-60.
Balmori A. Radiotelemetry and wildlife: Highlighting a gap in the knowledge on radiofrequency radiation effects. Science of the Total Environment. 2016;543:662-9.
Bamdad K, Adel Z, Esmaeili M. Complications of nonionizing radiofrequency on divided attention. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. 2019;120(6):10572-5.
Bamikole AO, Olukayode OA, Obajuluwa T, Pius O, Ibidun OO, Adewale FO, et al. Exposure to a 2.5 GHz Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Field Alters Hematological Profiles, Biochemical Parameters, and Induces Oxidative Stress in Male Albino Rats. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences. 2019;32(11):860-3.
Bandara P. Mobile phone use and the brain cancer incidence rate in Australia. Cancer Epidemiology. 2016;44:110-1.
Bandara P, Carpenter DO. Causes of cancer: Perceptions vs. the scientific evidence. European Journal of Cancer. 2020;124:214-6.
Bandara P, Weller S. Cardiovascular disease: Time to identify emerging environmental risk factors. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. 2017;24(17):1819-23.
Banerjee S, Singh NN, Sreedhar G, Mukherjee S. Analysis of the Genotoxic Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation using Buccal Micronucleus Assay: A Comparative Evaluation. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016;10(3):ZC82-ZC5.
Barcal J, Stopka P, Krizova J, Vrba J, Vozeh F. High-frequency electromagnetic radiation and the production of free radicals in four mouse organs. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva. 2014;56(1-2):9-14.

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Barthelemy A, Mouchard A, Villegier AS, Ieee. Glial markers and emotional memory in rats following cerebral radiofrequency exposures2016.
Bartos P, Netusil R, Slaby P, Dolezel D, Ritz T, Vacha M. Weak radiofrequency fields affect the insect circadian clock. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2019;16(158).
Bas O, Sonmez OF, Aslan A, Ikinci A, Hanci H, Yildirim M, et al. Pyramidal Cell Loss in the Cornu Ammonis of 32-day-old Female Rats Following Exposure to a 900 Megahertz Electromagnetic Field During Prenatal Days 13-21. Neuroquantology. 2013;11(4):591-9.
Bayat M, Hemati S, Soleimani-Estyar R, Shahin-Jafari A. Effect of long-term exposure of mice to 900 MHz GSM radiation on experimental cutaneous candidiasis. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2017;24(4):907-14.
Bedir R, Tumkaya L, Mercantepe T, Yilmaz A. Pathological Findings Observed in the Kidneys of Postnatal Male Rats Exposed to the 2100 MHz Electromagnetic Field. Archives of Medical Research. 2018;49(7):432-40.
Bektas H, Bektas MS, Dasdag S. Effects of mobile phone exposure on biochemical parameters of cord blood: A preliminary study. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2018;37(4):184-91.
Bellieni CV, Nardi V, Buonocore G, Di Fabio S, Pinto I, Verrotti A. Electromagnetic fields in neonatal incubators: the reasons for an alert. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. 2019;32(4):695-9.
Belyaev I, Dean A, Eger H, Hubmann G, Jandrisovits R, Johansson O, et al. EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2015 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses. Reviews on Environmental Health. 2015;30(4):337-71.
Bhatia S, Vashisth S, Salhan A. Cellular Radiations Effect on Human Health. In: Satapathy SC, Das S, editors. Proceedings of First International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems: Vol 1. Smart Innovation Systems and Technologies. 502016. p. 213-9.
Bhattacharya D, Gangopadhyay S, Bhakta MS. MOBILE PHONE RADIATION EXPOSURE INDUCED DAMAGES-TECHNOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN SEARCHING REMEDIES. Everymans Science. 2018;52(6):386-90.
Biagi PF, Boffola S, Stefanelli R, Schiavulli L, Ligonzo T, Casamassima G, et al. Morphometrical and Morphological Alterations of Human Leukocytes Exposed to 1.8 GHz Electromagnetic Radiations: In Vitro Protective Effects Induced by Polyphenols. Endocrine Metabolic & Immune Disorders-Drug Targets. 2016;16(3):189-96.
Blackman CF. Comment on "Milham & Stetzer (2016) Tumor-specific frequencies and ocular melanoma." Electromag Biol Med http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15368378.2016.1234390. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017;36(2):167-8.
Borovkova M, Serebriakova M, Fedorov V, Sedykh E, Vaks V, Lichutin A, et al. Investigation of terahertz radiation influence on rat glial cells. Biomedical Optics Express. 2017;8(1):273-80.
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Bortkiewicz A. MOBILE PHONE USE AND RISK FOR INTRACRANIAL TUMORS AND SALIVARY GLAND TUMORSA META-ANALYSIS (vol 30, pg 27, 2017). International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2017;30(4):685-.
Bouch NF, McConway K. Melatonin Levels and Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields in Humans and Rats: New Insights From a Bayesian Logistic Regression. Bioelectromagnetics. 2019;40(8):539-52.
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Celik O, Kahya MC, Naziroglu M. Oxidative stress of brain and liver is increased by Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz) exposure of rats during pregnancy and the development of newborns. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2016;75:134-9.
Celiker M, Ozgur A, Tumkaya L, Terzi S, Yilmaz M, Kalkan Y, et al. Effects of exposure to 2100 MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2017;83(6):691-6.
Cermak AMM, Pavicic I, Trosic I. Oxidative stress response in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to shortterm 1800MHz radiofrequency radiation. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part aToxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering. 2018;53(2):132-8.
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Cetkin M, Kizilkan N, Demirel C, Bozdag Z, Erkilic S, Erbagci H. Quantitative changes in testicular structure and function in rat exposed to mobile phone radiation. Andrologia. 2017;49(10).
Chandel S, Kaur S, Issa M, Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK. Appraisal of immediate and late effects of mobile phone radiations at 2100 MHz on mitotic activity and DNA integrity in root meristems of Allium cepa. Protoplasma. 2019;256(5):1399-407.
Chandel S, Kaur S, Issa M, Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK. Exposure to mobile phone radiations at 2350MHz incites cyto- and genotoxic effects in root meristems of Allium cepa. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. 2019;17(1):97-104.
Chen GX, t Mannetje AM, Douwes J, van den Berg L, Pearce N, Kromhout H, et al. Occupation and motor neuron disease: a New Zealand case-control study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2019;76(5):309-16.
Chen H, Qu ZQ, Liu WH. Effects of Simulated Mobile Phone Electromagnetic Radiation on Fertilization and Embryo Development. Fetal and Pediatric Pathology. 2017;36(2):123-9.
Cheung T, Lee RLT, Tse ACY, Do CW, So BCL, Szeto GPY, et al. Psychometric Properties and Demographic Correlates of the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version Among Chinese Children and Adolescents in Hong Kong. Cyberpsychology Behavior and Social Networking. 2019;22(11):714-23.
Chiaramello E, Bonato M, Fiocchi S, Tognola G, Parazzini M, Ravazzani P, et al. Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Exposure Assessment in Indoor Environments: A Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(6).
Choi JH, Li Y, Kim SH, Jin R, Kim YH, Choi W, et al. The influences of smartphone use on the status of the tear film and ocular surface. Plos One. 2018;13(10).
Chueshova NV, Vismont FL. LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION OF THE MOBILE PHONE FREQUENCY ON THE MORPHOFUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF RATS AND MALES AND THEIR OFFSPRING. Doklady Natsionalnoi Akademii Nauk Belarusi. 2019;63(2):198-206.
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Consales C, Panatta M, Butera A, Filomeni G, Merla C, Carri MT, et al. 50-Hz magnetic field impairs the expression of iron-related genes in the in vitro SOD1(G93A) model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2018;95(3):368-77.
Coraddu M, Cottone E, Levis A, Lombardo A, Marinelli F, Zucchetti M. A NEW TREND ON ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS (EMF) RISK ASSESSMENT. International Journal of Ecosystems and Ecology Science-Ijees. 2016;6(2):177-84.

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Cornacchione M, Pellegrini M, Fassina L, Mognaschi ME, Di Siena S, Gimmelli R, et al. betaAdrenergic response is counteracted by extremely-low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields in beating cardiomyocytes. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. 2016;98:146-58.
Crabtree DPE, Herrera BJ, Kang S. The response of human bacteria to static magnetic field and radiofrequency electromagnetic field. Journal of Microbiology. 2017;55(10):809-15.
Czerwinski M, Januszkiewicz L, Vian A, Lazaro A. The influence of bioactive mobile telephony radiation at the level of a plant community - Possible mechanisms and indicators of the effects. Ecological Indicators. 2020;108.
Dadalti MTD, da Cunha A, de Araujo MC, de Moraes LGB, Risso PD. Electromagnetic interference of endodontic equipments with cardiovascular implantable electronic device. Journal of Dentistry. 2016;46:68-72.
Darbandi M, Darbandi S, Agarwal A, Henkle R, Sadeghi MR. The Effects of Exposure to Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Male Fertility. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 2018;24(4):24-9.
Das A, Kundu S, Acm. To protect ecological system from electromagnetic radiation of Mobile communication2019. 469-73 p.
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Del Re B, Bersani F, Giorgi G. Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the transcription of repetitive DNA elements in human cells. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(4):262-70.
Ding SS, Sun P, Tian H, Huo YW, Wang LR, Han Y, et al. Association between daily exposure to electromagnetic radiation from 4G smartphone and 2.45-GHz wi-fi and oxidative damage to semen of males attending a genetics clinic: a primary study. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2018;11(3):2821-30.
Ding SS, Sun P, Zhang Z, Liu X, Tian H, Huo YW, et al. Moderate Dose of Trolox Preventing the Deleterious Effects of Wi-Fi Radiation on Spermatozoa In vitro through Reduction of Oxidative Stress Damage. Chinese Medical Journal. 2018;131(4):402-12.
Ding XF, Wu Y, Qu WR, Fan M, Zhao YQ. Quinacrine pretreatment reduces microwaveinduced neuronal damage by stabilizing the cell membrane. Neural Regeneration Research. 2018;13(3):449-55.

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Ding Z, Li JT, Li F, Mephryar MM, Wu SC, Zhang C, et al. The Protection of Vitamin C and Vitamin E from Oxidation Caused by 1800MHz Electromagnetic Radiation. Takahashi M, editor2016. 785-94 p.
Ding Z, Li JT, Li F, Mephryar MM, Wu SC, Zhang C, et al. Vitamin C and Vitamin E Protected B95-8 and Balb/c-3T3 Cells from Apoptosis Induced by Intermittent 50Hz ELF-EMF Radiation. Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2017;46(1):23-34.
Djindjic B, Dzopalic T, Dunjic M, Krstic D, Radovanovic Z, Milenkovic J, et al. Effects of silica-rich water on systemic and peritoneal inflammation in rats exposed to chronic low-level (900-MHz) microwave radiation. General Physiology and Biophysics. 2019;38(1):83-90.
Djordjevic N, Paunovic MG, Peulic AS. Anxiety-like behavioural effects of extremely lowfrequency electromagnetic field in rats. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2017;24(27):21693-9.
Dogan MS, Yavas MC, Gunay A, Yavuz I, Deveci E, Akkus Z, et al. The protective effect of melatonin and Ganoderma lucidum against the negative effects of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields on pulp structure in rat teeth. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 2017;31(5):979-88.
Dogana MS, Yavas MC, Gunay A. The protective effect of melatonin and Ganoderma lucidum against the negative effects of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields on pulp structure in rat teeth (vol 31, pg 979, 2017). Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 2017;31(5):X-X.
Driessen S, Dechent D, Graefrath D, Petri AK, Bodewein L, Emonds T, et al. Letter to the Editor concerning the paper "A novel database of bio-effects from non-ionizing radiation". Reviews on Environmental Health. 2018;33(4):449-50.
Driessen S, Napp A, Schmiedchen K, Kraus T, Stunder D. Electromagnetic interference in cardiac electronic implants caused by novel electrical appliances emitting electromagnetic fields in the intermediate frequency range: a systematic review. Europace. 2019;21(2):219-29.
Durdik M, Kosik P, Markova E, Somsedikova A, Gajdosechova B, Nikitina E, et al. Microwaves from mobile phone induce reactive oxygen species but not DNA damage, preleukemic fusion genes and apoptosis in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Scientific Reports. 2019;9.
Eitivipart AC, Viriyarojanakul S, Redhead L. Musculoskeletal disorder and pain associated with smartphone use: A systematic review of biomechanical evidence. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. 2018;38(2):77-90.
Eker ED, Arslan B, Yildirim M, Akar A, Aras N. The effect of exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation on epidermal growth factor, caspase-3, Hsp27 and p38MAPK gene expressions in the rat eye. Bratislava Medical Journal-Bratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2018;119(9):588-92.

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El Khoueiry C, Moretti D, Renom R, Camera F, Orlacchio R, Garenne A, et al. Decreased spontaneous electrical activity in neuronal networks exposed to radiofrequency 1,800 MHz signals. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2018;120(6):2719-29.
El-Maleky NF, Ebrahim RH. Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field from mobile phone on serum hepcidin and iron status in male albino rats. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(1):66-73.
Erdal ME, Yilmaz SG, Gurgul S, Uzun C, Derici D, Erdal N. miRNA expression profile is altered differentially in the rat brain compared to blood after experimental exposure to 50 Hz and 1 mT electromagnetic field. Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology. 2018;132:35-42.
Erdemli C, Omeroglu S, Sirav B, Colbay M, Seyhan N, Ozkan S, et al. Effects of 2100 MHz radio frequency radiation on ductus epididymis tissue in rats. Bratislava Medical JournalBratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2017;118(12):759-64.
Esmailzadeh S, Delavar MA, Aleyassin A, Gholamian SA, Ahmadi A. Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields of High Voltage Overhead Power Lines and Female Infertility. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2019;10(1):11-6.
Eyvazi M, Tayefi H, Abedelahi A, Salimnejad R, Majdi A. Effect of Vitamin E and Sodium Selenite on the Expression of Bax and Bcl2 Genes and Renal Histopathology in the Electromagnetic Field-Exposed Mice. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2019;6(4):523-8.
Fadiloglu E, Tapisiz OL, Unsal M, Fadiloglu S, Celik B, Mollamahmutoglu L. Non-Ionizing Radiation Created by Mobile Phone Progresses Endometrial Hyperplasia: An Experimental Rat Study. Archives of Medical Research. 2019;50(2):36-43.
Fakhri Y, Khoei HH, Sistanian F, Moloudizargari M, Adel M, Keramati H, et al. Effects of Electromagnetic Wave from Mobile Phones on Human Sperm Motility and Viability: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences. 2016;5(6):172-82.
Falcioni L, Bua L, Tibaldi E, Lauriola M, De Angelis L, Gnudi F, et al. Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 GHz GSM base station environmental emission. Environmental Research. 2018;165:496-503.
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Feng BH, Dai AH, Chen LJ, Qiu LP, Fu YT, Sun WJ. NADPH oxidase-produced superoxide mediated a 50-Hz magnetic field-induced epidermal growth factor receptor clustering. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2016;92(10):596-602.

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Fenga C. Occupational exposure and risk of breast cancer. Biomedical Reports. 2016;4(3):28292.
Fernandez PR, Ng KH, Kaur S. Risk Communication Strategies for Possible Health Risks From Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (RF-EMF) Emission by Telecommunication Structures. Health Physics. 2019;116(6):835-9.
Franchini V, De Sanctis S, Marinaccio J, De Amicis A, Coluzzi E, Di Cristofaro S, et al. Study of the effects of 0.15 terahertz radiation on genome integrity of adult fibroblasts. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. 2018;59(6):476-87.
Gaafar RM, El-Shanshoury A, Eldakak MR, Elhiti M. Biochemical, Molecular and Mutagenic Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Vicia faba L. Seedlings. Egyptian Journal of Botany. 2018;58(3):381-96.
Gao QH, Cai Q, Fan YN. Beneficial effect of catechin and epicatechin on cognitive impairment and oxidative stress induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field. Journal of Food Biochemistry. 2017;41(6).
Garcia-Corona JL, Mazon-Suastegui JM, Acosta-Salmon H, Diaz-Castro SC, Amezquita-Arce MP, Rodriguez-Jaramillo C. Super-low-frequency electromagnetic radiation affects early development of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Aquaculture Research. 2019;50(9):2729-34.
Gevrek F. Histopathological, immunohistochemical, and stereological analysis of the effect of Ginkgo biloba (Egb761) on the hippocampus of rats exposed to long-term cellphone radiation. Histology and Histopathology. 2018;33(5):463-73.
Gok DK, Akpinar D, Hidisoglu E, Ozen S, Agar A, Yargicoglu P. The developmental effects of extremely low frequency electric fields on visual and somatosensory evoked potentials in adult rats. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2016;35(1):65-74.
Gokcek Sarac C, Er H. Effects of Different Duration Time of Exposure to 2100 MHz Electromagnetic Radiation on Behaviour and Hippocampal Levels of Protein Kinases on Rats. Journal of Neurological Sciences-Turkish. 2017;34(4):322-31.
Gokcek-Sarac C, Er H, Manas CK, Gok DK, Ozen S, Derin N. Effects of acute and chronic exposure to both 900 MHz and 2100 MHz electromagnetic radiation on glutamate receptor signaling pathway. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2017;93(9):980-9.
Gokcek-Sarac C, Ozen S, Derin N, Ieee. Effects of 2G Mobile Phone Exposure on Both Behavioural Performance and Levels of Enzyme from NMDA-dependent Pathway2017. 1739-42 p.
Golbach LA, Portelli LA, Savelkoul HFJ, Terwel SR, Kuster N, de Vries RBM, et al. Calcium homeostasis and low-frequency magnetic and electric field exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of in vitro studies. Environment International. 2016;92-93:695-706.

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Gomez RS, Siqueira EC, Souza FTA, Ferreira EF, Souza RP, Friedman E, et al. Cell phone use is associated with an inflammatory cytokine profile of parotid gland saliva. Cancer Research. 2016;76.
Goraghani MS, Ahmadi-Zeidabadi M, Bakhshaei S, Shabani M, Ravandi SG, Rezaei-Zarchi S, et al. Behavioral consequences of simultaneous postnatal exposure to MK-801 and static magnetic field in male Wistar rats. Neuroscience Letters. 2019;701:77-83.
Gremiaux A, Girard S, Guerin V, Lothier J, Baluska F, Davies E, et al. Low-amplitude, highfrequency electromagnetic field exposure causes delayed and reduced growth in Rosa hybrida. Journal of Plant Physiology. 2016;190:44-53.
Gulati S, Yadav A, Kumar N, Priya K, Aggarwal NK, Gupta R. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antioxidant enzyme system in human population exposed to radiation from mobile towers. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. 2018;440(1-2):1-9.
Gumral N, Saygin M, Asci H, Uguz AC, Celik O, Doguc DK, et al. The effects of electromagnetic radiation (2450 MHz wireless devices) on the heart and blood tissue: role of melatonin. Bratislava Medical Journal-Bratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2016;117(11):665-71.
Gunnarsson LG, Bodin L. Occupational Exposures and Neurodegenerative DiseasesA Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(3).
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Gupta SK, Patel SK, Tomard MS, Singh SK, Mesharam MK, Krishnamurthy S. Long-term exposure of 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation induces stress and anxiety like behavior in rats. Neurochemistry International. 2019;128:1-13.
Gurbuz N, Sirav B, Seyhan N. Genotoxic Studies Performed After Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure. Gazi Medical Journal. 2018;29(2):87-93.
Guzey YZ, Onal AG. Effects of chronic exposure to 2G/3G cell phone radiation on in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 2018;52(4):523-6.
Halgamuge MN. Review: Weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phone radiation on plants. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017;36(2):213-35.
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Hanci H, Kerimoglu G, Mercantepe T, Odaci E. Changes in testicular morphology and oxidative stress biomarkers in 60-day-old Sprague Dawley rats following exposure to continuous 900MHz electromagnetic field for 1 h a day throughout adolescence. Reproductive Toxicology. 2018;81:71-8.
Hanci H, Odaci E, Kaya H, Aliyazicioglu Y, Turan I, Demir S, et al. The effect of prenatal exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-old-day rat testicle. Reproductive Toxicology. 2013;42:203-9.
Hao YH, Li WC, Wang H, Zhang J, Yu C, Tan SZ, et al. Autophagy mediates the degradation of synaptic vesicles: A potential mechanism of synaptic plasticity injury induced by microwave exposure in rats. Physiology & Behavior. 2018;188:119-27.
Hao YH, Zhang J, Wang H, Wang HY, Dong J, Xu XP, et al. HIF-1 alpha regulates COXIV subunits, a potential mechanism of self-protective response to microwave induced mitochondrial damages in neurons. Scientific Reports. 2018;8.
Hao YH, Zhao L, Peng RY. Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Autophagy and its Regulation. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences. 2018;31(1):57-65.
Hao ZJ, Jin LY, Li Y, Akram HR, Saeed MF, Ma J, et al. Alexithymia and mobile phone addiction in Chinese undergraduate students: The roles of mobile phone use patterns. Computers in Human Behavior. 2019;97:51-9.
Hardell L. World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health - a hard nut to crack (Review). International Journal of Oncology. 2017;51(2):405-13.
Hardell L, Carlberg M. Increasing Rates of Brain Tumours in the Swedish National Inpatient Register and the Causes of Death Register. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015;12(4):3793-813.
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Hardell L, Carlberg M. Comments on the US National Toxicology Program technical reports on toxicology and carcinogenesis study in rats exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 900 MHz and in mice exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 1,900 MHz. International Journal of Oncology. 2019;54(1):111-27.
Hardell L, Carlberg M, Hedendahl LK. Radiofrequency radiation from nearby base stations gives high levels in an apartment in Stockholm, Sweden: A case report. Oncology Letters. 2018;15(5):7871-83.
Hardell L, Koppel T, Carlberg M, Ahonen M, Hedendahl L. Radiofrequency radiation at Stockholm Central Railway Station in Sweden and some medical aspects on public exposure to RF fields. International Journal of Oncology. 2016;49(4):1315-24.

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Haripriya S, Samuel SE, Megha M. Correlation between Smartphone Addiction, Sleep Quality and Physical Activity among Young Adults. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2019;13(10).
Hassanshahi A, Shafeie SA, Fatemi I, Hassanshahi E, Allahtavakoli M, Shabani M, et al. The effect of Wi-Fi electromagnetic waves in unimodal and multimodal object recognition tasks in male rats. Neurological Sciences. 2017;38(6):1069-76.
He GL, Luo Z, Shen TT, Li P, Yang J, Luo X, et al. Inhibition of STAT3-and MAPK-dependent PGE(2) synthesis ameliorates phagocytosis of fibrillar beta-amyloid peptide (1-42) via EP2 receptor in EMF-stimulated N9 microglial cells. Journal of Neuroinflammation. 2016;13.
Heidari-Vala H, Shani S. Electromagnetic Fields and Fertility Hazards: Incoherent Pieces of a Story. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2015;2(2):35-6.
Heredia-Rojas JA, Beltcheva M, Rodriguez-De la Fuente AO, Heredia-Rodriguez O, Metcheva R, Rodriguez-Flores LE, et al. Evidence of Genotoxicity Induced by 60 Hz Magnetic Fields on Mice Bone Marrow as Assessed by In Vivo Micronucleus Test. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 2017:69-75.
Heredia-Rojas JA, Rodriguez-De la Fuente AO, Gomez-Flores R, Heredia-Rodriguez O, Rodriguez-Flores LE, Beltcheva M, et al. In Vivo Cytotoxicity Induced by 60 Hz Electromagnetic Fields under a High-Voltage Substation Environment. Sustainability. 2018;10(8).
Hidisoglu E, Gok DK, Er H, Akpinar D, Uysal F, Akkoyunlu G, et al. 2100-MHz electromagnetic fields have different effects on visual evoked potentials and oxidant/antioxidant status depending on exposure duration. Brain Research. 2016;1635:1-11.
Him A, Deniz NB, Onger ME. The effect of caffeine on neuron number of rats exposed to 900MHz electromagnetic field. Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences. 2018;42(3):198204.
Hinrikus H, Bachmann M, Karai D, Lass J. Mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect on nervous system. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017;36(2):202-12.
Hinrikus H, Bachmann M, Lass J. Mechanism of Low-level Microwave Radiation Effect on Brain: Frequency Limits. In: Eskola H, Vaisanen O, Viik J, Hyttinen J, editors. Embec & Nbc 2017. IFMBE Proceedings. 652018. p. 647-50.
Hinrikus H, Bachmann M, Lass J. Understanding physical mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2018;94(10):877-82.
Hirata A, Funahashi D, Kodera S. Setting exposure guidelines and product safety standards for radio-frequency exposure at frequencies above 6GHz: brief review. Annals of Telecommunications. 2019;74(1-2):17-24.

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Hiscock HG, Mouritsen H, Manolopoulos DE, Hore PJ. Disruption of Magnetic Compass Orientation in Migratory Birds by Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Biophysical Journal. 2017;113(7):1475-84.
Hosseinabadi MB, Khanjani N. The Effect of Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on the Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Role of Oxidative Stress. Bioelectromagnetics. 2019;40(5):354-60.
Hosseinabadi MB, Khanjani N, Ebrahimi MH, Haji B, Abdolahfard M. The effect of chronic exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on sleep quality, stress, depression and anxiety. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(1):96-101.
Hosseinabadi MB, Khanjani N, Mirzaii M, Norouzi P, Atashi A. DNA damage from long-term occupational exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields among power plant workers. Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 2019;846.
Hosseinabadi MB, Khanjani N, Samaei SE, Nazarkhani F. Effect of long-term occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on proinflammatory cytokine and hematological parameters. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2019;95(11):1573-80.
Houston BJ, Nixon B, McEwan KE, Martin JH, King BV, Aitken RJ, et al. Whole-body exposures to radiofrequency-electromagnetic energy can cause DNA damage in mouse spermatozoa via an oxidative mechanism. Scientific Reports. 2019;9.
Hu XY, Liu CX. Bursting and Synchronization of Coupled Neurons under Electromagnetic Radiation. Complexity. 2019;2019.
Huss A, Peters S, Vermeulen R. Occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of ALS: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Bioelectromagnetics. 2018;39(2):156-63.
Ikinci A, Mercantepe T, Unal D, Erol HS, Sahin A, Aslan A, et al. Morphological and antioxidant impairments in the spinal cord of male offspring rats following exposure to a continuous 900 MHz electromagnetic field during early and mid-adolescence. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2016;75:99-104.
Irigaray P, Caccamo D, Belpomme D. Oxidative stress in electrohypersensitivity self-reporting patients: Results of a prospective in vivo investigation with comprehensive molecular analysis. International Journal of Molecular Medicine. 2018;42(4):1885-98.
Isabona J, Srivastava VM, Ieee. Cellular Mobile Phone - A Technical Assessment on Electromagnetic Radiation Intensity on Human Safety2017. 271-4 p.
Ismaiil LA, Joumaa WH, Moustafa ME. The impact of exposure of diabetic rats to 900 MHz electromagnetic radiation emitted from mobile phone antenna on hepatic oxidative stress. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(4):287-96.

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Jadia S, Qureshi S, Jain L, Shringirishi M. Adverse Effect of Mobile Phone on Hearing in Healthy Individuals: A Clinical Study. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. 2019;71(SUPPL 2):1169-73.
Jadidi M, Bokharaeian M, Esmaili MH, Hasanzadeh H, Ghorbani R. Cell Phone EMF Affects Rat Pulmonary Tc-MIBI Uptake and Oxidative Stress. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology Transaction a-Science. 2019;43(A4):1491-7.
Jaffar FHF, Osman K, Ismail NH, Chin KY, Ibrahim SF. Adverse Effects of Wi-Fi Radiation on Male Reproductive System: A Systematic Review. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. 2019;248(3):169-79.
Jain S, Baratchi S, Pirogova E, Ieee. Low Power Microwaves Induce Changes in Gating Function of Trpv4 Ion Channel Proteins. 2017 Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Fall. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium2017. p. 1268-72.
Jamaludin N, Razak SSA, Jaffar FHF, Osman K, Ibrahim SF. The Effect of Smartphone's Radiation Frequency and Exposure Duration on NADPH Oxidase 5 (NOX5) Level in Sperm Parameters. Sains Malaysiana. 2017;46(9):1597-602.
Jang YW, Gil KC, Lee JS, Kang W, Park SY, Hwang KW. T-Cell Differentiation to T Helper 9 Phenotype is Elevated by Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Via Induction of IL-2 Signaling. Bioelectromagnetics. 2019;40(8):588-601.
Jelodar G, Akbari A, Parvaeei P, Nazifi S. Vitamin E protects rat testis, eye and erythrocyte from live stress during exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2018;16(2):217-24.
Jiang DP, Li JH, Zhang J, Xu SL, Kuang F, Lang HY, et al. Long-term electromagnetic pulse exposure induces Abeta deposition and cognitive dysfunction through oxidative stress and overexpression of APP and BACE1. Brain Research. 2016;1642:10-9.
Johansson O, Redmayne M. Exacerbation of demyelinating syndrome after exposure to wireless modem with public hotspot. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2016;35(4):393-7.
Jooyan N, Goliaei B, Bigdeli B, Faraji-Dana R, Zamani A, Entezami M, et al. Direct and indirect effects of exposure to 900 MHz GSM radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on CHO cell line: Evidence of bystander effect by non-ionizing radiation. Environmental Research. 2019;174:17687.
Kaboudi M, Sharma M, Ziapour A, Dehghan F, Abbasi P. Pathology of Cyberspace: A Study of the Detrimental Effects of Mobile Phones on Students' Psychological Well-being. International Journal of Pediatrics-Mashhad. 2019;7(9):10077-85.
Kalanjati VP, Purwantari KE, Prasetiowati L. Aluminium foil dampened the adverse effect of 2100MHz mobile phone-induced radiation on the blood parameters and myocardium in rats. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2019;26(12):11686-9.

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Kamali K, Taravati A, Sayyadi S, Gharib FZ, Maftoon H. Evidence of oxidative stress after continuous exposure to Wi-Fi radiation in rat model. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018;25(35):35396-403.
Karimi N, Bayat M, Haghani M, Saadi HF, Ghazipour GR. 2.45 GHz microwave radiation impairs learning, memory, and hippocampal synaptic plasticity in the rat. Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2018;34(12):873-83.
Karpowicz J, de Miguel-Bilbao S, Ramos V, Falcone F, Gryz K, Leszko W, et al. The evaluation of Stationary and Mobile Components of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Exposure in the Public Accessible Environment. 2017 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility - Emc Europe. IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility2017.
Karpowicz J, de Miguel-Bilbao S, Zradzinski P, Gryz K, Falcone F, Ramos V, et al. Comparative Study of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Exposure in the Public Shopping Centers. 2018 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility. IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility2018. p. 972-5.
Karpowicz J, Zradzinski P, Kieliszek J, Gryz K, Sobiech J, Leszko W. An In Situ and In Silico Evaluation of Biophysical Effects of 27 MHz Electromagnetic Whole Body Humans Exposure Expressed by the Limb Current. Biomed Research International. 2017.
KeleS AI, Nyengaard JR, Odaci E. Changes in pyramidal and granular neuron numbers in the rat hippocampus 7 days after exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field during early and mid-adolescence. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2019;101.
Keles AI, Yildirim M, Gedikli O, Colakoglu S, Kaya H, Bas O, et al. The effects of a continuous 1-h a day 900-MHz electromagnetic field applied throughout early and mid-adolescence on hippocampus morphology and learning behavior in late adolescent male rats. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2018;94:46-53.
Kelly R. On the health effects of radiofrequency radiation. New Zealand Medical Journal. 2019;132(1506):96-7.
Kerimoglu G, Aslan A, Bas O, Colakoglu S, Odaci E. Adverse effects in lumbar spinal cord morphology and tissue biochemistry in Sprague Dawley male rats following exposure to a continuous 1-h a day 900-MHz electromagnetic field throughout adolescence. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2016;78:125-30.
Kerimoglu G, Guney C, Ersoz S, Odaci E. A histopathological and biochemical evaluation of oxidative injury in the sciatic nerves of male rats exposed to a continuous 900-megahertz electromagnetic field throughout all periods of adolescence. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2018;91:1-7.
Kerimoglu G, Mercantepe T, Erol HS, Turgut A, Kaya H, Colakoglu S, et al. Effects of longterm exposure to 900 megahertz electromagnetic field on heart morphology and biochemistry of male adolescent rats. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2016;91(7):445-54.
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Kerimoglu G, Odaci E. Oxidative Damage and Histopathological Changes in the Adult Male Sprague Dawley Rat Liver Following Exposure to a Continuous 900-MHz Electromagnetic Field Throughout the Entire Adolescent Period. Analytical and Quantitative Cytopathology and Histopathology. 2017;39(3):134-40.
Kesari KK, Jamal QMS, Sharma A, Chauhan P, Dhasmana A, Siddiqui MH, et al. LPO and ROS Production in Rat Brain Exposed to Microwaves: Computational Elucidation of Melatonin in Repair System. In: Kesari KK, editor. Perspectives in Environmental Toxicology. Environmental Science and Engineering2017. p. 31-46.
Khaki A. Protective Effect of Ocimum basilicum on Brain Cells Exposed to Oxidative Damage by Electromagnetic Field in Rat: Ultrastructural Study by Transmission Electron Microscopy. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2016;3(1):1-7.
Khaki AA, Khaki A, Ahmadi SS. The effect of Non-ionizing electromagnetic field with a frequency of 50 Hz in Rat ovary: A transmission electron microscopy study. International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine. 2016;14(2):125-32.
Khaki-Khatibi F, Nourazarian A, Ahmadi F, Farhoudi M, Savadi-Oskouei D, Pourostadi M, et al. Relationship between the use of electronic devices and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis. Cognitive Neurodynamics. 2019;13(3):287-92.
Khalil AM. Relative Biophysical Effects on Rat's Bone as a Result of High Energy Photons and Electromagnetic Fields Exposures. Arab Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Applications. 2019;52(4):21-7.
Khan MD, Ali S, Azizullah A, Zhu SJ. Use of various biomarkers to explore the effects of GSM and GSM-like radiations on flowering plants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018;25(25):24611-28.
Khattab NF, Marei ES. The role of ferulic acid in the amelioration of kidney changes of rats exposed to electromagnetic radiation. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2019;17(1):75-85.
Kheiry EV, Haddad F. Protecting Effect of Vitamin E against Chromosomal Damage Induced by an Extremely Low-frequency Electromagnetic Field in Murine Bone Marrow Erythrocytes. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International. 2019;28(1).
Kiafar E, Nasrabadi HT, Abedelahi A, Shoorei H, Seghinsara AM. Protective Effects of Vitamin E and Selenium on Liver Tissue Damages Induced by Electromagnetic Field: An Ultrastructural Study. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2018;5(4):338-44.
Kim HS, Lee YH, Choi HD, Lee AK, Jeon SB, Pack JK, et al. Effect of Exposure to a Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Field on Body Temperature in Anesthetized and NonAnesthetized Rats. Bioelectromagnetics. 2020;41(2):104-12.

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Kim JH, Huh YH, Kim HR. Trafficking of synaptic vesicles is changed at the hypothalamus by exposure to an 835 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field. General Physiology and Biophysics. 2019;38(5):379-88.
Kim JH, Kim HJ, Yu DH, Kweon HS, Huh YH, Kim HR. Changes in numbers and size of synaptic vesicles of cortical neurons induced by exposure to 835 MHz radiofrequencyelectromagnetic field. Plos One. 2017;12(10).
Kim JH, Lee CH, Kim HG, Kim HR. Decreased dopamine in striatum and difficult locomotor recovery from MPTP insult after exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. Scientific Reports. 2019;9.
Kim JH, Lee JK, Kim HG, Kim KB, Kim HR. Possible Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Field Exposure on Central Nerve System. Biomolecules & Therapeutics. 2019;27(3):265-75.
Kim JH, Sohn UD, Kim HG, Kim HR. Exposure to 835 MHz RF-EMF decreases the expression of calcium channels, inhibits apoptosis, but induces autophagy in the mouse hippocampus. Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology. 2018;22(3):277-89.
Kim JH, Yu DH, Huh YH, Lee EH, Kim HG, Kim HR. Long-term exposure to 835 MHz RFEMF induces hyperactivity, autophagy and demyelination in the cortical neurons of mice. Scientific Reports. 2017;7.
Kim JH, Yu DH, Kim HR. Activation of autophagy at cerebral cortex and apoptosis at brainstem are differential responses to 835 MHz RF-EMF exposure. Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology. 2017;21(2):179-88.
Kim JY, Kim HJ, Kim N, Kwon JH, Park MJ. Effects of radiofrequency field exposure on glutamate-induced oxidative stress in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2017;93(2):249-56.
Kim J, Hwang YJ, Yu HG, Park SK. Reply to the Letter to the Editor, "Association between Exposure to Smartphones and Ocular Health in Adolescents". Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2016;23(6):419-.
Kim J, Hwang Y, Kang S, Kim M, Kim TS, Seo J, et al. Association between Exposure to Smartphones and Ocular Health in Adolescents. Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2016;23(4):269-76.
Kim KH, Kabir E, Jahan SA. The use of cell phone and insight into its potential human health impacts. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2016;188(4).
Kiran D, Tok OE, Sehirli AO, Gokce AM, Ercan F. The morphological and biochemical investigation of electromagnetic wave effects on urinary bladder in prenatal rats. Marmara Medical Journal. 2017;30(3):146-54.
Kishore GK, Venkateshu KV, Sridevi NS. Effect of 1800-2100 MHz Electromagnetic Radiation on Learning-Memory and Hippocampal Morphology in Swiss Albino Mice. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2019;13(2).
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Kitaoka K, Kawata S, Yoshida T, Kadoriku F, Kitamura M. Exposure to an Extremely-LowFrequency Magnetic Field Stimulates Adrenal Steroidogenesis via Inhibition of Phosphodiesterase Activity in a Mouse Adrenal Cell Line. Plos One. 2016;11(4).
Klochkova OI, Pogorelova IV, Startseva MS, Shabanov GA, Rybchenko AA. High-frequency electromagnetic radiation and the production of free radicals in four mouse organs. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva. 2018;60(1):9-17.
Klonowski W. Non-Thermal Effects of Electromagnetic Fields in Biology and Medicine. In: Eskola H, Vaisanen O, Viik J, Hyttinen J, editors. Embec & Nbc 2017. IFMBE Proceedings. 652018. p. 880-3.
Koc A, Unal D, Cimentepe E, Bayrak O, Karatas OF, Yildirim ME, et al. The effects of antioxidants on testicular apoptosis and oxidative stress produced by cell phones. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013;43(1):131-7.
Kocyigit UM, Taslimi P, Gurses F, Soylu S, Dastan SD, Gulcin I. The effects of wireless electromagnetic fields on the activities of carbonic anhydrase and acetylcholinesterase enzymes in various tissues of rats. Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology. 2018;32(3).
Koeman T, Slottje P, Schouten LJ, Peters S, Huss A, Veldink JH, et al. Occupational exposure and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a prospective cohort. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2017;74(8):578-85.
Koh WJ, Moochhala SM, Ieee. Non Ionizing EMF Hazard in the 21th Century2018. 518-22 p.
Kokate PA, Mishra AK, Lokhande SK, Bodhe GL. Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field (ELF-EMF) and childhood leukemia (CL) near transmission lines: a review. Advanced Electromagnetics. 2016;5(1):30-40.
Kopani M, Filova B, Sevcik P, Kosnac D, Misek J, Polak S, et al. Iron deposition in rabbit cerebellum after exposure to generated and mobile GSM electromagnetic fields. Bratislava Medical Journal-Bratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2017;118(10):575-9.
Koppel T, Ahonen M, Carlberg M, Hedendahl LK, Hardell L. Radiofrequency radiation from nearby mobile phone base stations-a case comparison of one low and one high exposure apartment. Oncology Letters. 2019;18(5):5383-91.
Kostoff RN, Goumenou M, Tsatsakis A. The role of toxic stimuli combinations in determining safe exposure limits. Toxicology Reports. 2018;5:1169-72.
Kouchaki E, Motaghedifard M, Banafshe HR. Effect of mobile phone radiation on pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure threshold in mice. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2016;19(7):800-3.
Koyu A, Gumral N, Saygin M, Gokcimen A, Ozgocmen M, Kilinc F, et al. Effect of Electromagnetic Field (Wi-Fi) on the Pancreas: Role of Selenium and L-Carnitine. Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine. 2015;6:496-500.

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Koziorowska A, Koziol K, Hajduga E, Romerowicz-Misielak M. Electromagnetic field as an environmental factor affecting MCF-7 cell line in vitro. Przeglad Elektrotechniczny. 2019;95(5):5-8.
Koziorowska A, Romerowicz-Misielak M, Gierczak N, Gniady S, Koziorowski M. Electromagnetic Field of Extremely Low Frequency (60Hz and 120Hz) Effects the Cell Cycle Progression and the Metabolic Activity of the Anterior Pituitary Gland Cells in vitro. Karadzinov L, Cvetkovski G, Latkoski P, editors2017. 537-41 p.
Koziorowska A, Waszkiewicz EM, Romerowicz-Misielak M, Zglejc-Waszak K, Franczak A. Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (EMF) generates alterations in the synthesis and secretion of oestradiol-17 beta (E-2) in uterine tissues: An in vitro study. Theriogenology. 2018;110:86-95.
Kucuk Z, Erkayiran U, Caydere M, Kayaalp D, Karcaaltincaba D. The role of melatonin in preventing ovarian tissue damage in rats exposed to magnetic fields. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018;48(5):1073-9.
Kulaber A, Kerimoglu G, Ersoz S, Colakoglu S, Odaci E. Alterations of thymic morphology and antioxidant biomarkers in 60-day-old male rats following exposure to a continuous 900 MHz electromagnetic field during adolescence. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2017;92(5):331-7.
Kumar A, Kaur S, Chandel S, Singh HP, Batish DR, Kohli RK. Comparative cyto- and genotoxicity of 900 MHz and 1800 MHz electromagnetic field radiations in root meristems of Allium cepa. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2020;188.
Kumar A, Singh HP, Batish DR, Kaur S, Kohli RK. EMF radiations (1800 MHz)-inhibited early seedling growth of maize (Zea mays) involves alterations in starch and sucrose metabolism. Protoplasma. 2016;253(4):1043-9.
Kumar G, Gupta N, Sinha NK. MOBILE PHONE USERS AND ITS EFFECT OF HEARING IN TERMS OF DISTORTION PRODUCT OTOACOUSTIC EMISSION (DPOAE). Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences-Jemds. 2018;7(52):5520-3.
Kumar R, Deshmukh PS, Sharma S, Banerjee B. Activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress in rat brain following low-intensity microwave exposure. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2019;26(9):9314-21.
Kumar SS. Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in Honey Bees Caused by EMF Radiation. Bioinformation. 2018;14(9):521-4.
Kumari P, Manjula SD, Gautham K. In Vitro Study Of Effect Of Radiation Emitted By Mobile Phone On Osmotic Fragility And Other Blood Parameters. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2016;7(4):1283-92.
Kundu A, Gupta B, Mallick AI, Pal SK, Ieee. Effects of Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation on Capsicum annuum Seed Germination and Subsequent Sapling Growth - A Time Study2016.

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Kuybulu AE, Oktem F, Ciris IM, Sutcu R, Ormeci AR, Comlekci S, et al. Effects of long-term pre- and post-natal exposure to 2.45 GHz wireless devices on developing male rat kidney. Renal Failure. 2016;38(4):571-80.
Kuzay D, Ozer C, Goktas T, Sirav B, Senturk F, Kaplanoglu GT, et al. Effects of 2100 MHz radio frequency radiation on the viscosity of blood and oxidative stress parameters in hypertensive and normal rats. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2018;16(4):431-42.
Lagoumintzis G, Andrikopoulos A, Adamopoulos A, Seimenis I, Koutsojannis C. Microwave diathermy induces mitogen-activated protein kinases and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in cultured human monocytes. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(3):218-29.
Lasalvia M, Perna G, Capozzi V. DNA-Related Modifications in a Mixture of Human LymphoMonocyte Exposed to Radiofrequency Fields and Detected by Raman Microspectroscopy Analysis. Applied Sciences-Basel. 2019;9(18).
Lasalvia M, Scrima R, Perna G, Piccoli C, Capitanio N, Biagi PF, et al. Exposure to 1.8 GHz electromagnetic fields affects morphology, DNA-related Raman spectra and mitochondrial functions in human lymphomonocytes (vol 13, e0192894, 2018). Plos One. 2018;13(6).
Lastella M, Rigney G, Browne M, Sargent C. Electronic device use in bed reduces sleep duration and quality in adults. Sleep and Biological Rhythms.
Lazaro A, Chroni A, Tscheulin T, Devalez J, Matsoukas C, Petanidou T. Electromagnetic radiation of mobile telecommunication antennas affects the abundance and composition of wild pollinators. Journal of Insect Conservation. 2016;20(2):315-24.
Leach V, Weller S, Redmayne M. A novel database of bio-effects from non-ionizing radiation. Reviews on Environmental Health. 2018;33(3):273-80.
Leach V, Weller S, Redmayne M. Authors' Reply to Driessen's Letter to the Editor on "A novel database of bio-effects from non-ionizing radiation". Reviews on Environmental Health. 2019;34(1):101-3.
Lee JY, Hwang JY. Analysis of Gene Expression in Mice Testes Exposed to 1.765 GHz Microwave in Utero. Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2017;62(5-6):324-8.
Lewis RC, Minguez-Alarcon L, Meeker JD, Williams PL, Mezei G, Ford JB, et al. Response to correspondence by Mortazavi et al. re: "Self-reported mobile phone use and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic". Reproductive Toxicology. 2017;71:165-.
Lewis RC, Minguez-Alarcon L, Meeker JD, Williams PL, Mezei G, Ford JB, et al. Self-reported mobile phone use and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic. Reproductive Toxicology. 2017;67:42-7.
Li DL, Yang R, Wan YH, Tao FB, Fang J, Zhang SC. Interaction of Health Literacy and Problematic Mobile Phone Use and Their Impact on Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(13).

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Li FM, Chang J, Lv YG, Xu DG, Chen JH, Sun XW. Impact of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on brain neurotransmitters in mice during growth and development period. Biomedical Research-India. 2017;28(14):6220-4.
Li HL, Lin L, Li L, Zhou L, Hao S, Zhang Y, et al. Eotaxin-1 and MCP-1 serve as circulating indicators in response to power frequency electromagnetic field exposure in mice. Molecular Medicine Reports. 2018;18(3):2832-40.
Li JJ, Liu SB, Liu WM, Yu YG, Wu Y. Suppression of firing activities in neuron and neurons of network induced by electromagnetic radiation. Nonlinear Dynamics. 2016;83(1-2):801-10.
Lian HY, Lin KW, Yang CJ, Cai P. Generation and propagation of yeast prion URE3 are elevated under electromagnetic field. Cell Stress & Chaperones. 2018;23(4):581-94.
Lin JY, Magiati I, Chiong SHR, Singhal S, Riard N, Ng IHX, et al. The Relationship Among Screen Use, Sleep, and Emotional/Behavioral Difficulties in Preschool Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2019;40(7):519-29.
Lippi G, Danese E, Brocco G, Benati M, Salvagno GL, Montagnana M, et al. Thirty-minutes' exposure to smartphone call triggers neutrophil activation in vitro. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. 2016;54(9):1497-501.
Lippi G, Danese E, Brocco G, Gelati M, Salvagno GL, Montagnana M. Acute effects of 30 minutes of exposure to a smartphone call on in vitro platelet function. Blood Transfusion. 2017;15(3):249-53.
Liu JH, Liu CX, Wu T, Liu BP, Jia CX, Liu XC. Prolonged mobile phone use is associated with depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019;259:128-34.
Lopez OM, Valbuena AJ, Unturbe CM. Significant Cellular Viability Dependence on Time Exposition at ELF-EMF and RF-EMF In Vitro Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019;16(12).
Lopez-Furelos A, Leiro-Vidal JM, Salas-Sanchez AA, Ares-Pena FJ, Lopez-Martin ME. Evidence of cellular stress and caspase-3 resulting from a combined two-frequency signal in the cerebrum and cerebellum of sprague-dawley rats. Oncotarget. 2016;7(40):64674-89.
Lou JH, Zhang ZZ, Guan M, Gao L, Ma LJ, Li ZL, et al. Altered default-mode network functional connectivity in college students with mobile phone addiction. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2019;12(2):1877-87.
Lu L, Hu SH, Zhang XY, Wang SM, Xu XP, Gao YB, et al. Methanol extract of Kang-fu-ling attenuates high power microwave-induced oxidative stress in PC12 cells via the Nrf2/ARE pathway. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. 2017;10(9):13380-8.
Lu L, Xu DD, Liu HZ, Zhang L, Ng CH, Ungvari GS, et al. Mobile phone addiction in Tibetan and Han Chinese adolescents. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2019;55(3):438-44.

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Luna J, Leleu JP, Preux PM, Corcia P, Couratier P, Marin B, et al. Residential exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields emitted by Global System for Mobile (GSM) antennas and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis incidence: A geo-epidemiological population-based study. Environmental Research. 2019;176.
Luo XP, Chen M, Duan YQ, Duan WY, Zhang HH, He YQ, et al. Chemoprotective action of lotus seedpod procyanidins on oxidative stress in mice induced by extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2016;82:640-8.
Lupi D, Tremolada P, Colombo M, Giacchini R, Benocci R, Parenti P, et al. Effects of Pesticides and Electromagnetic Fields on Honeybees: A Field Study Using Biomarkers. International Journal of Environmental Research.
Mahaki H, Tanzadehpanah H, Jabarivasal N, Sardanian K, Zamani A. A review on the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) on cytokines of innate and adaptive immunity. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2019;38(1):84-95.
Mahmoudi G, Nikzad S, Mehrpouyan M, Moslehi M, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M, Dashty A. Effects of mobile phone prolonged radiation on kidney cells; an in-vitro study. Journal of Renal Injury Prevention. 2018;7(3):175-9.
Mahmoudi R, Mortazavi SMJ, Safari S, Nikseresht M, Mozdarani H, Jafari M, et al. Effects of microwave electromagnetic radiations emitted from common Wi-Fi routers on rats' sperm count and motility. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2015;13(4):363-8.
Maliszewska J, Marciniak P, Kletkiewicz H, Wyszkowska J, Nowakowska A, Rogalska J. Electromagnetic field exposure (50 Hz) impairs response to noxious heat in American cockroach. Journal of Comparative Physiology a-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology. 2018;204(6):605-11.
Mandl P, Pezzei P, Leitgeb E. Selected Health and Law Issues regarding Mobile Communications with Respect to 5G. Plank T, editor2018.
Mansouri E, Keshtkar A, Khaki AA, Khaki A. Antioxidant Effects of Allium cepa and Cinnamon on Sex Hormones and Serum Antioxidant Capacity in Female Rats Exposed to Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields. International Journal of Womens Health and Reproduction Sciences. 2016;4(3):141-5.
Manta AK, Papadopoulou D, Polyzos AP, Fragopoulou AF, Skouroliakou AS, Thanos D, et al. Mobile-phone radiation-induced perturbation of gene-expression profiling, redox equilibrium and sporadic-apoptosis control in the ovary of Drosophila melanogaster. Fly. 2017;11(2):75-95.
Marino AA, Kim PY, Frilot C. Trigeminal neurons detect cellphone radiation: Thermal or nonthermal is not the question. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017;36(2):123-31.
Meena R, Kumari K, Kumar J, Rajamani P, Verma HN, Kesari KK. Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2014;33(2):81-91.
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Meo SA, Almahmoud M, Alsultan Q, Alotaibi N, Alnajashi I, Hajjar WM. Mobile Phone Base Station Tower Settings Adjacent to School Buildings: Impact on Students' Cognitive Health. American Journal of Mens Health. 2018;13(1).
Merla C, Liberti M, Consales C, Denzi A, Apollonio F, Marino C, et al. Evidences of plasma membrane-mediated ROS generation upon ELF exposure in neuroblastoma cells supported by a computational multiscale approach. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes. 2019;1861(8):1446-57.
Mialon HM, Nesson ET. THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN MOBILE PHONES AND THE RISK OF BRAIN CANCER MORTALITY: A 25-YEAR CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS. Contemporary Economic Policy.
Mildaziene V, Aleknaviciute V, Zukiene R, Pauzaite G, Nauciene Z, Filatova I, et al. Treatment of Common Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Seeds with Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Field and Cold Plasma Induces Changes in Seed Phytohormone Balance, Seedling Development and Leaf Protein Expression. Scientific Reports. 2019;9.
Milham S, Stetzer D. Tumor-specific frequencies and ocular melanoma. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017;36(2):149-53.
Milham S, Stetzer D. The electronics in fluorescent bulbs and light emitting diodes (LED), rather than ultraviolet radiation, cause increased malignant melanoma incidence in indoor office workers and tanning bed users. Medical Hypotheses. 2018;116:33-9.
Milisa M, Dikic D, Mandic T, Grozic D, Colic I, Ostojic A. Response of aquatic protists to electric field exposure. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2017;93(8):818-30.
Miller AB, Morgan LL, Udasin I, Davis DL. Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102). Environmental Research. 2018;167:673-83.
Misek J, Jakus J, Jakusova V, Veternik M, Kohan M, Barabas J, et al. Effect of generated radiofrequency electromagnetic field to heart rate variability in students2017.
Mishra SK, Chowdhary R, Kumari S, Rao SB. Effect of Cell Phone Radiations on Orofacial Structures: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2017;11(5).
Mitra R, Pattanayak S. MOBILE PHONE AND TOWER RADIATION: A CHALLENGE TO ALL LIVING ENTITIES. Exploratory Animal and Medical Research. 2018;8(1):5-10.
Moradpour R, Shokri M, Abedian S, Amiri FT. The protective effect of melatonin on liver damage induced by mobile phone radiation in mice model. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2020;18(1):133-41.
Moraes AP, Silva EJ, Lamas CC, Portugal PH, Neves AA. Influence of electronic apex locators and a gutta-percha heating device on implanted cardiac devices: an in vivo study. International Endodontic Journal. 2016;49(6):526-32.

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Morris RD, Morgan LL, Davis D. Children Absorb Higher Doses of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation From Mobile Phones Than Adults. Ieee Access. 2015;3:2379-87.
Mortazavi G, Mortazavi SMJ. Increased mercury release from dental amalgam restorations after exposure to electromagnetic fields as a potential hazard for hypersensitive people and pregnant women. Reviews on Environmental Health. 2015;30(4):287-92.
Mortazavi SAR, Mortazavi SMJ. Women with hereditary breast cancer predispositions should avoid using their smartphones, tablets, and laptops at night. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2018;21(2):112-5.
Mortazavi SAR, Mortazavi SMJ, Paknahad M. The role of electromagnetic fields in neurological disorders. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2016;77:78-9.
Mortazavi SMJ. Comments on analysis of mobile phone use among young patients with brain tumors in Japan. Bioelectromagnetics. 2017;38(8):653-4.
Mortazavi SMJ. Cell phones, cancer, and other problems. Physics Teacher. 2018;56(3):131-.
Mortazavi SMJ. Commentary: Geographic Variations in the Incidence of Glioblastoma and Prognostic Factors Predictive of Overall Survival in US Adults from 2004-2013. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 2018;10.
Mortazavi SMJ, Balas VE, Zamani A, Mortazavi SAR, Haghani M, Jaberi O, et al. The Importance of Quantification of Data in Studies on the Health Effects of Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Mobile Base Stations. In: Balas VE, Jain LC, Balas MM, editors. Soft Computing Applications, Sofa 2016, Vol 1. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 6332018. p. 316-26.
Mortazavi SMJ, Mortazavi G, Paknahad M. Dental metal-induced innate reactivity in keratinocytes. Toxicology in Vitro. 2016;33:180-1.
Mortazavi SMJ, Mortazavi SAR, Paknahad M. Association between Exposure to Smartphones and Ocular Health in Adolescents. Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2016;23(6):418-.
Mortazavi SMJ, Mortazavi SAR, Paknahad M. Evaluation of the potential of mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields (UMTS) to produce micronuclei in human glioblastoma cell lines. Toxicology in Vitro. 2017;44:414-5.
Mortazavi SMJ, Mortazavi SAR, Paknahad M. Effects of exposure to 2100 MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2018;84(1):131-.
Mortazavi SMJ, Paknahad M, Mortazavi G. Effect of Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation On Amalgam, Composite and Zirconomer Based Restorations. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2015;9(11):ZL01-ZL2.
Mortazavi S, Mortazavi SAR, Paknahad M. Self-reported mobile phone use and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic. Reproductive Toxicology. 2017;71:164-.
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Movahedi MM, Javid-Sharifi B, Golpaygani AT, Mortazavi SAR, Mortazavi SMJ. Short-term exposure to mobile jammer radiofrequency radiation adversely affects the human hearing. Biomedical Research-India. 2017;28(4):1557-9.
Mugunthan N, Shanmugasamy K, Anbalagan J, Rajanarayanan S, Meenachi S. Effects of Long Term Exposure of 900-1800 MHz Radiation Emitted from 2G Mobile Phone on Mice Hippocampus-A Histomorphometric Study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016;10(8):AF1-AF6.
Napp A, Kolb C, Lennerz C, Bauer W, Schulz-Menger J, Kraus T, et al. Electromagnetic interference of active cardiac rhythm implants in the daily routine and occupational environment. Statement of the German Cardiac Society (DGK) and the German Society for Occupational and Environmental Medicine (DGAUM). Kardiologe. 2019;13(4):216-35.
Narayanan SN, Lukose ST, Arun G, Mohapatra N, Pamala J, Concessao PL, et al. Modulatory effect of 900 MHz radiation on biochemical and reproductive parameters in rats. Bratislava Medical Journal-Bratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2018;119(9):581-7.
Narayanan SN, Mohapatra N, John P, Nalini K, Kumar RS, Nayak SB, et al. Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation exposure effects on amygdala morphology, place preference behavior and brain caspase-3 activity in rats. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 2018;58:2209.
Nasser S, Amer NM, Ghobashi MM, Morcos G, Hafez SF, Shaheen W, et al. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) Study and Antioxidant Status Among Mobile Phone Users. Bioscience Research. 2018;15(4):3645-51.
Navarro EA, Gomez-Perretta C, Montes F. Low intensity magnetic field influences short-term memory: A study in a group of healthy students. Bioelectromagnetics. 2016;37(1):37-48.
Nicolle-Mir L. Mobile phone use during pregnancy and behavioural problems in children. Environnement Risques & Sante. 2017;16(5):451-2.
Nirwane A, Sridhar V, Majumdar A. Neurobehavioural Changes and Brain Oxidative Stress Induced by Acute Exposure to GSM900 Mobile Phone Radiations in Zebrafish (Danio rerio). Toxicological Research. 2016;32(2):123-32.
Occelli F, Lameth J, Adenis V, Huetz C, Leveque P, Jay TM, et al. A Single Exposure to GSM1800 MHz Signals in the Course of an Acute Neuroinflammatory Reaction can Alter Neuronal Responses and Microglial Morphology in the Rat Primary Auditory Cortex. Neuroscience. 2018;385:11-24.
Odaci E, Hanci H, Yulug E, Turedi S, Aliyazicioglu Y, Kay H, et al. Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on 60-day-old rat testis and epididymal sperm quality. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2016;91(1):9-19.

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Odemer R, Odemer F. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMF) on honey bee queen development and mating success. Science of the Total Environment. 2019;661:55362.
Ohayon MM, Stolc V, Freund FT, Milesi C, Sullivan SS. The potential for impact of man-made super low and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on sleep. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 2019;47:28-38.
Okatan DO, Kaya H, Aliyazicioglu Y, Demir S, Colakoglu S, Odaci E. Continuous 900megahertz electromagnetic field applied in middle and late-adolescence causes qualitative and quantitative changes in the ovarian morphology, tissue and blood biochemistry of the rat. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2018;94(2):186-98.
Okatan D, Kulaber A, Kerimoglu G, Odaci E. Altered morphology and biochemistry of the female rat liver following 900 megahertz electromagnetic field exposure during mid to late adolescence. Biotechnic & Histochemistry. 2019;94(6):420-8.
Okechukwu CE. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure on neurophysiology. Advances in Human Biology. 2020;10(1):6-10.
Othman H, Ammari M, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H. Effects of prenatal exposure to WIFI signal (2.45 GHz) on postnatal development and behavior in rat: Influence of maternal restraint. Behavioural Brain Research. 2017;326:291-302.
Othman H, Ammari M, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H. Effects of repeated restraint stress and WiFi signal exposure on behavior and oxidative stress in rats. Metabolic Brain Disease. 2017;32(5):1459-69.
Othman N, Samsuri NA, Rahim MKA, Elias NA, Ieee. SAR in the Presence of Conductive Medical Implant At 0.9, 1.8 and 2.4 GHz Due to Close Proximity Antenna. 2016 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation. Proceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation2016.
Paik SH, Park CH, Kim JY, Chun JW, Choi JS, Kim DJ. Prolonged Bedtime Smartphone Use is Associated With Altered Resting-State Functional Connectivity of the Insula in Adult Smartphone Users. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2019;10.
Pakhomov A, Bojarinova J, Cherbunin R, Chetverikova R, Grigoryev PS, Kavokin K, et al. Very weak oscillating magnetic field disrupts the magnetic compass of songbird migrants. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2017;14(133).
Paknahad M, Mortazavi SMJ, Shahidi S, Mortazavi G, Haghani M. Effect of radiofrequency radiation from Wi-Fi devices on mercury release from amalgam restorations. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. 2016;14.
Panagopoulos DJ. Chromosome damage in human cells induced by UMTS mobile telephony radiation. General Physiology and Biophysics. 2019;38(5):445-54.

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Panagopoulos DJ. Comparing DNA damage induced by mobile telephony and other types of man-made electromagnetic fields. Mutation Research-Reviews in Mutation Research. 2019;781:53-62.
Panagopoulos DJ, Cammaerts MC, Favre D, Balmori A. Comments on environmental impact of radiofrequency fields from mobile phone base stations. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 2016;46(9):885-903.
Panagopoulos DJ, Chrousos GP. Shielding methods and products against man-made Electromagnetic Fields: Protection versus risk. Science of the Total Environment. 2019;667:25562.
Panara K, Masterson JM, Savio LF, Ramasamy R. Adverse Effects of Common Sports and Recreational Activities on Male Reproduction. European Urology Focus. 2019;5(6):1146-51.
Paras DS, Gajanin BR, Manojlovic LM, Ruzic NZ. INFLUENCE OF HIGH FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS PRODUCED BY ANTENNAS FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE PANCREAS IN RATS: HISTOLOGICAL AND UNBIASED STEREOLOGICAL ANALYSIS. Acta VeterinariaBeograd. 2018;68(4):484-501.
Parasuraman S, Sam AT, Yee SWK, Chuon BLC, Ren LY. Smartphone usage and increased risk of mobile phone addiction: A concurrent study. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation. 2017;7(3):125-31.
Parasuraman S, Xin EY, Zou LN. Health hazards with electromagnetic radiation. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation. 2018;8(4):157-63.
Parsanezhad ME, Mortazavi SMJ, Doohandeh T, Jahromi BN, Mozdarani H, Zarei A, et al. Exposure to radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone jammers adversely affects the quality of human sperm. International Journal of Radiation Research. 2017;15(1):63-70.
Pastrav A, Dolea P, Puschita E, Codau C, Palade T, Palade I. Exposure to UHF Electromagnetic Radiation in Urban Areas. In: Vlad S, Roman NM, editors. 6th International Conference on Advancements of Medicine and Health Care through Technology, Meditech 2018. IFMBE Proceedings. 712019. p. 97-101.
Pattnaik S, Dhaliwal BS, Pattnaik SS. Impact analysis of mobile phone electromagnetic radiations on human electroencephalogram. Sadhana-Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences. 2019;44(6).
Paulraj R, Behari J, Ieee. Low level microwave radiation: Enzymatic, morphological and DNA alteration in rat2019.
Pawlak K, Nieckarz Z, Sechman A, Wojtysiak D, Bojarski B, Tombarkiewicz B. Effect of a 1800 MHz electromagnetic field emitted during embryogenesis on chick development and hatchability. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia. 2018;47(3):222-30.

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Pei YH, Gao H, Li L, An X, Tian QY. Effect of cell phone radiation on neutrophil of mice. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2019;95(8):1178-84.
Peighambarzadeh SZ, Tavana M. Effects of electromagnetic field radiation on biochemical parameters in swiss albino mice. Banats Journal of Biotechnology. 2017;8(16):48-53.
Philip P, Bhandary SK, Aroor R, Bhat V, Pratap D. The effect of mobile phone usage on hearing in adult population. Indian Journal of Otology. 2017;23(1):1-6.
Philips A, Henshaw DL, Lamburn G, O'Carroll MJ. Authors' Comment on (Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence in England 1995-2015 Suggests an Adverse Environmental or Lifestyle Factor). Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2018.
Philips A, Henshaw DL, Lamburn G, O'Carroll MJ. Brain Tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme Incidence in England 1995-2015 Suggests an Adverse Environmental or Lifestyle Factor. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2018.
Piccinetti CC, De Leo A, Cosoli G, Scalise L, Randazzo B, Cerri G, et al. Measurement of the 100 MHz EMF radiation in vivo effects on zebrafish D. rerio embryonic development: A multidisciplinary study. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2018;154:268-79.
Pockett S. Public health and the radio frequency radiation emitted by cellphone technology, smart meters and WiFi. New Zealand Medical Journal. 2018;131(1487):97-107.
Pockett S. Conflicts of Interest and Misleading Statements in Official Reports about the Health Consequences of Radiofrequency Radiation and Some New Measurements of Exposure Levels. Magnetochemistry. 2019;5(2).
Postaci I, Coskun O, Senol N, Aslankoc R, Comlekci S. The physiopathological effects of quercetin on oxidative stress in radiation of 4.5 g mobile phone exposed liver tissue of rat. Bratislava Medical Journal-Bratislavske Lekarske Listy. 2018;119(8):481-9.
Pourfazeli B, AzamianJazi A, Faramarzi M, Mortazavi MJ. Effect of aerobic training on rate of total antioxidant capacity In ratsexposed to Wi-Fi radiation. International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. 2017;8(3):2468-73.
Qin FJ, Cao HL, Yuan HX, Guo WG, Pei HL, Cao Y, et al. 1800 MHz radiofrequency fields inhibits testosterone production via CaMKI/ROR alpha pathway. Reproductive Toxicology. 2018;81:229-36.
Qin FJ, Shen T, Cao HL, Qian JC, Zou D, Ye MK, et al. CeO(2)NPs relieve radiofrequency radiation, improve testosterone synthesis, and clock gene expression in Leydig cells by enhancing antioxidation. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2019;14:4601-11.
Qureshi ST, Memon SA, Abassi AR, Sial MA, Bughio FA. Radiofrequency radiations induced genotoxic and carcinogenic effects on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) root tip cells. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2017;24(4):883-91.

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Rachmawati D, Buskermolen JK, Scheper RJ, Gibbs S, von Blomberg BME, van Hoogstraten IMW. Dental metal-induced innate reactivity in keratinocytes. Toxicology in Vitro. 2015;30(1):325-30.
Racuciu M, Iftode C, Miclaus S. ATHERMAL MICROWAVE RADIATION AFFECTS THE GENETIC OF VEGETAL EMBRYOS. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal. 2016;15(12):2561-8.
Racuciu M, Iftode C, Miclaus S. ULTRAHIGH FREQUENCY-LOW POWER ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD IMPACT ON PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF TWO TYPES OF CEREALS. Romanian Reports in Physics. 2017;69(4).
Racuciu M, Iftode C, Miclaus S. Influence of 1 GHz radiation at low specific absorption rate of energy deposition on plant mitotic division process. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2018;15(6):1233-42.
Radwan M, Jurewicz J, Merecz-Kot D, Sobala W, Radwan P, Bochenek M, et al. Sperm DNA damage-the effect of stress and everyday life factors. International Journal of Impotence Research. 2016;28(4):148-54.
Rajabzadeh A. Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Hippocampus. Archives of Neuroscience. 2019;6.
Razavi SM, Seghinsara AM, Abedelahi A, Salimnejad R, Tayefi H. Effect of Vitamin E and Selenium on Oxidative Stress and Tissue Damages Induced by Electromagnetic Fields in Immature Mice Ovarian. Crescent Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences. 2017;4(3):120-5.
Razavinasab M, Moazzami K, Shabani M. Maternal mobile phone exposure alters intrinsic electrophysiological properties of CAI pyramidal neurons in rat offspring. Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2016;32(6):968-79.
Reddy MVB. Biochemical Alterations as Markers of Mobile Phone Radiation in Mice. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2017;8(2):1808-15.
Rezaei-Tavirani M, Hasanzadeh H, Seyyedi S, Ghoujeghi F, Semnani V, Zali H. Proteomic Analysis of Extremely Low-Frequency ElectroMagnetic Field (ELF-EMF) With Different Intensities in Rats Hippocampus. Archives of Neuroscience. 2018;5(1).
Rezaie-Tavirani M, Hasanzadeh H, Seyyedi S, Zali H. Proteomic Analysis of the Effect of Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (ELF-EMF) With Different Intensities in SHSY5Y Neuroblastoma Cell Line. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2017;8(2):79-83.
Ribatti V, Santini L, Forleo GB, Della Rocca D, Panattoni G, Scali M, et al. Electromagnetic interference in the era of cardiac implantable electronic devices compatible with magnetic resonance. Giornale Italiano Di Cardiologia. 2017;18(4):295-304.
Ribeiro-Oliveira JP. Electromagnetism and plant development: a new unknown in a known world. Theoretical and Experimental Plant Physiology. 2019;31(4):423-7.

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Rifat F, Sisodia R. MODULATION OF 10 GHZ MICROWAVES INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN DIFFERENT ORGANS OF SWISS ALBINO MICE BY PRUNUS DOMESTICA FRUIT EXTRACT. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2017;8(1):136-44.
Romanenko S, Begley R, Harvey AR, Hool L, Wallace VP. The interaction between electromagnetic fields at megahertz, gigahertz and terahertz frequencies with cells, tissues and organisms: risks and potential. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2017;14(137).
Rostami A, Shahani M, Zarrindast MR, Semnanian S, Roudsari MR, Tavirani MR, et al. Effects of 3 Hz and 60 Hz Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Anxiety-Like Behaviors, Memory Retention of Passive Avoidance and Electrophysiological Properties of Male Rats. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2016;7(2):120-5.
Russell CL. 5 G wireless telecommunications expansion: Public health and environmental implications. Environmental Research. 2018;165:484-95.
Saadia Z, Farrukh R. Mobile Phone and its Effect on Foetal Cardiotocography Pattern. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2018;12(3):QC05-QC8.
Sabban IF, Pangesti G, Saragih HT. Effects of Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves from 3G Mobile Phones on Oxidative Stress in Fetal Rats. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 2018;38(4):384-8.
Sage C, Carpenter D, Hardell L. Comments on SCENIHR: Opinion on potential health effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields, Bioelectromagnetics 36:480-484 (2015). Bioelectromagnetics. 2016;37(3):190-2.
Saghezchi SA, Azad N, Heidari R, Jajarmi V, Abdi S, Abaszadeh HA, et al. The Effect of Prenatal Exposure to 2.4 GHz Radio Frequency on the Histology and Expression of the osteocalcin and RUNX2 Gene of the Forelimb in an NMRI Mouse. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2019;10(4):283-9.
Sagioglou NE, Manta AK, Giannarakis IK, Skouroliakou AS, Margaritis LH. Apoptotic cell death during Drosophila oogenesis is differentially increased by electromagnetic radiation depending on modulation, intensity and duration of exposure. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2016;35(1):40-53.
Sahin A, Aslan A, Bas O, Ikinci A, Ozyilmaz C, Sonmez OF, et al. Deleterious impacts of a 900MHz electromagnetic field on hippocampal pyramidal neurons of 8-week-old Sprague Dawley male rats. Brain Research. 2015;1624:232-8.
Sahmelikoglu AG, Karakas S, Tellioglu AM, Acer N, Bilgen M. Radioprotection in Prenatal Care Using a Nonwoven Fabric with Electromagnetic Shielding Property. Erciyes Medical Journal. 2019;41(4):444-9.
Said-Salman IH, Jebaii FA, Hyusef H, Moustafa ME. Global gene expression analysis of Escherichia coli K-12 DH5 alpha after exposure to 2.4 GHz wireless fidelity radiation. Scientific Reports. 2019;9.
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Salas-Sanchez AA, Lopez-Furelos A, Rodriguez-Gonzalez JA, Ares-Pena FJ, Lopez-Martin ME. Validation of Potential Effects on Human Health of in Vivo Experimental Models Studied in Rats Exposed to Sub-Thermal Radiofrequency. Possible Health Risks Due to the Interaction of Electromagnetic Pollution and Environmental Particles. Ieee Access. 2019;7:79186-98.
Saliev T, Begimbetova D, Masoud AR, Matkarimov B. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields: Two sides of a coin. Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology. 2019;141:25-36.
Sallam AE, Hassan SA, Hassaneen E, Ali EM. Environmental stress of mobile phone EM radiation on locomotor activity and melatonin circadian rhythms of rats. Biological Rhythm Research. 2016;47(4):597-607.
Samuel A, Asokan S, Priya G. The effect of electromagnetic radiation interference from smartphones on electronic apex locator function. Endo-Endodontic Practice Today. 2018;12(1):51-5.
Sangun O, Dundar B, Comlekci S, Buyukgebiz A. The Effects of Electromagnetic Field on the Endocrine System in Children and Adolescents. Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews Per. 2015;13(2):531-45.
Sato Y, Kojimahara N, Yamaguchi N. Response to the comments on "Analysis of Mobile Phone Use Among Young Patients with Brain Tumors in Japan". Bioelectromagnetics. 2017;38(8):655.
Saygin M, Asci H, Ozmen O, Cankara FN, Dincoglu D, Ilhan I. Impact of 2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation on the Testicular Inflammatory Pathway Biomarkers in Young Rats: The Role of Gallic Acid. Environmental Toxicology. 2016;31(12):1771-84.
Saygin M, Caliskan S, Ozguner MF, Gumral N, Comlekci S, Karahan N. Impact of L-carnitine and Selenium Treatment on Testicular Apoptosis in Rats Exposed to 2.45 GHz Microwave Energy. West Indian Medical Journal. 2015;64(2):55-61.
Saygin M, Ozmen O, Erol O, Ellidag HY, Ilhan I, Aslankoc R. The impact of electromagnetic radiation (2.45 GHz, Wi-Fi) on the female reproductive system: The role of vitamin C. Toxicology and Industrial Health. 2018;34(9):620-30.
Schauer I, Al-Ali BM. Combined effects of varicocele and cell phones on semen and hormonal parameters. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. 2018;130(9-10):335-40.
Seftel AD. Re: Adverse Effects of Common Sports and Recreational Activities on Male Reproduction Editorial Comment. Journal of Urology. 2019;201(1):13-.
Sehitoglu I, Tumkaya L, Kalkan Y, Bedir R, Cure MC, Zorba OU, et al. BIOCHEMICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL EFFECTS ON THE RAT TESTIS AFTER EXPOSURE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD DURING FETAL PERIOD. Archivos Espanoles De Urologia. 2015;68(6):562-8.

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Seif F, Bayatiani MR, Ansarihadipour H, Habibi G, Sadelaji S. Protective properties of Myrtus communis extract against oxidative effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on rat plasma and hemoglobin. International Journal of Radiation Biology. 2019;95(2):215-24.
Senavirathna M, Asaeda T. Microwaves affect Myriophyllum aquaticum plants differently depending on the wave polarization. Biologia Plantarum. 2017;61(2):378-84.
Senavirathna M, Asaeda T. Microwave radiation alters burn injury-evoked electric potential in Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant Signaling & Behavior. 2018;13(6).
Sepehrimanesh M, Kazemipour N, Saeb M, Nazifi S. Analysis of rat testicular proteome following 30-day exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field radiation. Electrophoresis. 2014;35(23):3331-8.
Seymen CM, Ilgaz C, Erdogan D, Elmas C, Yar Saglam AS, Elmazoglu Z, et al. Melatonin Modulates NMDA-Receptor 2B/Calpain-1/Caspase-12 Pathways in Rat Brain After Long Time Exposure to GSM Radiation. Turkish Neurosurgery. 2019;29(6):887-900.
Shahabi S, Taji IH, Hoseinnezhaddarzi M, Mousavi F, Shirchi S, Nazari A, et al. Exposure to cell phone radiofrequency changes corticotrophin hormone levels and histology of the brain and adrenal glands in male Wistar rat. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2018;21(12):126974.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D. Base Transceiver Station Antennae Exposure and Human Health. International Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2017;8.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Hashemi-Beni B, Moradi A, Aliakbari M, Shahbazi-Gahrouei S. Exposure to Global System for Mobile Communication 900 MHz Cellular Phone Radiofrequency Alters Growth, Proliferation and Morphology of Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 Cells and Mesenchymal Stem Cells. International Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2018;9.
Shahin NN, El-Nabarawy NA, Gouda AS, Megarbane B. The protective role of spermine against male reproductive aberrations induced by exposure to electromagnetic field - An experimental investigation in the rat. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 2019;370:117-30.
Shahin S, Banerjee S, Swarup V, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress MechanismInduced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling. Toxicological Sciences. 2018;161(2):34974.
Shahin S, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. Mobile phone (1800 MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity. Reproductive Toxicology. 2017;73:41-60.
Shahin S, Singh SP, Chaturvedi CM. 1800MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus. Journal of Cellular Physiology. 2018;233(9):7253-67.

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Sharaf NE, El-Sawy MS, Ahmed HH, Metwally FM, Hegazy NM, El-Mishad AM. Biogeometrical shapes: a new option for protection against neurodegenerative insult of Wi-Fi radiation. Bioscience Research. 2018;15(3):2481-8.
Sharma A, Kesari KK, Saxena VK, Sisodia R. The influence of prenatal 10 GHz microwave radiation exposure on a developing mice brain. General Physiology and Biophysics. 2017;36(1):41-51.
Sharma A, Kesari KK, Verma HN, Sisodia R. Neurophysiological and Behavioral Dysfunctions After Electromagnetic Field Exposure: A Dose Response Relationship. In: Kesari KK, editor. Perspectives in Environmental Toxicology. Environmental Science and Engineering2017. p. 130.
Sharma A, Sharma S, Shrivastava S, Singhal PK, Shukla S. Mobile phone induced cognitive and neurochemical consequences. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2019;102.
Sharma S, Parihar L. Investigation of Electromagnetic Radiations on Diosgenin Compound of Fenugreek. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2016;7(6):121-7.
Shepherd S, Lima MAP, Oliveira EE, Sharkh SM, Jackson CW, Newland PL. Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields impair the Cognitive and Motor Abilities of Honey Bees. Scientific Reports. 2018;8.
Simaiova V, Almasiova V, Holovska K, Kiskova T, Horvathova F, Sevcikova Z, et al. The effect of 2.45 GHz non-ionizing radiation on the structure and ultrastructure of the testis in juvenile rats. Histology and Histopathology. 2019;34(4):391-403.
Singh NP. The comet assay: Reflections on its development, evolution and applications. Mutation Research-Reviews in Mutation Research. 2016;767:23-30.
Siqueira EC, de Souza FTA, Ferreira E, Souza RP, Macedo SC, Friedman E, et al. Cell phone use is associated with an inflammatory cytokine profile of parotid gland saliva. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine. 2016;45(9):682-6.
Sirav B, Seyhan N. Effects of GSM modulated radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation on permeability of blood-brain barrier in male & female rats. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. 2016;75:123-7.
Sistani S, Fatemi I, Shafeie SA, Kaeidi A, Azin M, Shamsizadeh A. The effect of Wi-Fi electromagnetic waves on neuronal response properties in rat barrel cortex. Somatosensory and Motor Research. 2019;36(4):292-7.
Sobiech J, Kieliszek J, Puta R, Bartczak D, Stankiewicz W. OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE POLISH ARMED FORCES. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health. 2017;30(4):565-77.

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Soffritti M, Giuliani I. The carcinogenic potential of non-ionizing radiations: The cases of S-50 Hz MF and 1.8 GHz GSM radiofrequency radiation. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. 2019;125:58-69.
Sohn S, Rees P, Wildridge B, Kalk NJ, Carter B. Prevalence of problematic smartphone usage and associated mental health outcomes amongst children and young people: a systematic review, meta-analysis and GRADE of the evidence. Bmc Psychiatry. 2019;19(1).
Solek P, Majchrowicz L, Bloniarz D, Krotoszynska E, Koziorowski M. Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro dand thus may affect male fertility. Toxicology. 2017;382:84-92.
Solek P, Majchrowicz L, Koziorowski M. Aloe arborescens juice prevents EMF-induced oxidative stress and thus protects from pathophysiology in the male reproductive system in vitro. Environmental Research. 2018;166:141-9.
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Appendix 3 ­ Factor Analysis of Adverse EMF Effects Database
A3-A. Factor Themes
A query to retrieve Medline records showing adverse health effects of wireless radiation was generated. The query was entered into the Medline search engine, and ~15,000 records were retrieved. Filtering was applied to the retrieval to remove records not associated with adverse health effects of wireless radiation, and 5311 records remained. These records did not receive the further filtering as the database in Appendix 2.
Thousands of the highest frequency MeSH terms were read, and those strongly related to adverse health effects of wireless radiation were selected. A factor analysis was performed using these terms, and a 21-factor taxonomy was generated.
The following table (A3-1) shows the categories/factors in the taxonomy, and the highest weighted (most influential in determining the factor theme) MeSH Headings associated with each category/factor. For each category, the records associated with the highest weighted MeSH Headings identified were highlighted, and the titles of those records were extracted. Following the table, each category and associated record titles are shown in order to display the breadth of coverage of the category. The categories in Table A3-1 are hyperlinked to their respective titles. Because of the limitations on record filtering, most of the records show adverse health effects, but not all do. Some of the records go beyond the FCC exposure limits, and some address frequencies much lower than microwave. There is some overlap among factors, since some MeSH Headings may be influential in determining the themes of multiple factors.
Major themes from the table include cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer, brain cancer, leukemia, tumors, precancerous conditions, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, electronic implant dysfunction, cerebrovascular disorders, inflammation, oxidative stress, male infertility, electrohypersensitivity, sleep, congenital abnormalities, sensory disorders, symptoms of discomfort, eye diseases.

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Table A3-1 - Factor Analysis Taxonomy

FACTOR THEME 1 Electromagnetic hypersensitivity and inflammation 2 Coronary artery disease

MESH HEADINGS
C-Reactive Protein, Liver Diseases, Thyroid Diseases, Inflammation, Tonsillitis, Hypersensitivity
Plaque, Atherosclerotic, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Carotid Artery Diseases, Inflammation, Hypertension

3A Congenital abnormalities

Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Calcification, Physiologic, Congenital Abnormalities

3B

Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary

Mammary tumors Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma

4 Male infertility

Sperm Count, Spermatozoa, Sperm Motility, Semen, Testis, Infertility, Male, Spermatogenesis, Testosterone, Fertility

5 Brain neoplasms

Meningioma, Glioma, Meningeal Neoplasms, Neuroma, Acoustic, Brain Neoplasms, Glioblastoma, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Neuroma, Cranial Nerve Neoplasms, Parotid Neoplasms, Central Nervous System Neoplasms

6

Burning Mouth Syndrome, Taste Disorders, Skin Diseases, Mouth

Sensory disorders Diseases, Dizziness, Vision Disorders, Hypersensitivity, Delayed,

Fatigue

7

Carcinoma, Lobular, Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast, Breast Neoplasms,

Breast neoplasms Male, Adenoma

8 Oxidative stress

Oxidative Stress, Malondialdehyde, Glutathione Peroxidase, Lipid Peroxidation, Reactive Oxygen Species, Apoptosis, DNA Damage, Nitric Oxide, Protein Carbonylation

9

Parkinson Disease, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Alzheimer Disease,

Neurodegenerative Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Motor Neuron Disease, Occupational

diseases

Diseases, Dementia, Brain Diseases, Dementia, Vascular

10 Cerebrovascular disorders

Cerebrovascular Disorders, Dementia, Migraine Disorders, Tinnitus, Headache, Sleep Wake Disorders, Carotid Artery Diseases, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia, Vascular

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11 Congenital abnormalities and glandular-based tumors

Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Calcification, Physiologic, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma

12 Skin neoplasms

Carcinoma, Basal Cell, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Skin Neoplasms, Cocarcinogenesis, Neoplasms, Experimental, Neoplasms, RadiationInduced, Colonic Neoplasms

13 Leukemia

Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive, Leukemia, Myeloid, Leukemia, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Leukemia, Radiation-Induced, Acute Disease, Liver Neoplasms, Experimental, Central Nervous System Neoplasms

14 Precancerous conditions

Atrophy, Precancerous Conditions, Hyperplasia, Hypersensitivity, Delayed, Thymus Gland, Capillary Permeability, Lymphoma

15

Melatonin, Circadian Rhythm, Pineal Gland

Circadian Rhythm

16 Eye diseases

Eye Diseases, Cataract, Vision Disorders, Sensation Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Lens, Crystalline, Corneal Diseases, Edema, Hematologic Diseases

17 Electromagnetic interference in implanted electronic devices

Tachycardia, Ventricular, Ventricular Fibrillation, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Arrhythmias, Cardiac

18

Liver Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Neoplasm Recurrence,

Liver Neoplasms Local, Lymphatic Metastasis

19 Symptoms of discomfort

Headache, Dizziness, Fatigue, Depression, Anxiety, Tremor, Sleep Wake Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Stress, Psychological, Anxiety Disorders, Nervous System Diseases

20 Neoplasms

Lung Neoplasms, Ovarian Neoplasms, Pituitary Neoplasms, Lymphoma, Prostatic Neoplasms, Colonic Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Breast Neoplasms, Hematologic Neoplasms, Neoplasms, Liver Neoplasms, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Nervous System Neoplasms

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A3-B. Factor Record Titles
FACTOR 1
Theme ­ Electromagnetic hypersensitivity and inflammation
Key MeSH Headings - C-Reactive Protein, Liver Diseases, Thyroid Diseases, Inflammation, Tonsillitis, Hypersensitivity
Titles
915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic field affect chromatin conformation and 53BP1 foci in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.
A cognitive-behavioral treatment of patients suffering from "electric hypersensitivity". Subjective effects and reactions in a double-blind provocation study.
A systematic review of treatments for electromagnetic hypersensitivity.
Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis.
Analysis of the effect of a 60 Hz AC field on histamine release by rat peritoneal mast cells.
Are thyroid dysfunctions related to stress or microwave exposure (900 MHz)?
Bilateral symmetry of local inflammatory activation in human carotid atherosclerotic plaques.
Biological effects of low-level environmental agents.
Blood laboratory findings in patients suffering from self-perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS).
Changes in antioxidant capacity of blood due to mutual action of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) and opioid drug (tramadol) in animal model of persistent inflammatory state.
Changes in the chromatin structure of lymphoid cells under the influence of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation against the background of inflammatory process].
Clinical significance of tonsillar provocation test in diagnosis of tonsillar focal infection--by indirect irradiation of ultra-micro waves].
Controversies around electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. The construction of "low noise" public problems].
Decrease in the intensity of the cellular immune response and nonspecific inflammation upon exposure to extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation].
Dependence of anti-inflammatory effects of high peak-power pulsed electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency on exposure parameters].

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Description of persons with symptoms presumed to be caused by electricity or visual display units--oral aspects.
Development and evaluation of the electromagnetic hypersensitivity questionnaire.
Earthing: health implications of reconnecting the human body to the Earth's surface electrons.
Effect of high frequency electromagnetic wave stimulation on muscle injury in a rat model.
Effect of mobile phone use on salivary concentrations of protein, amylase, lipase, immunoglobulin A, lysozyme, lactoferrin, peroxidase and C-reactive protein of the parotid gland.
Effect of quinacrine on inflammatory reaction of blood system induced by microwave irradiation].
Effect of the pulsed electromagnetic field on the release of inflammatory mediators from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in rats.
Effects of low-intensity ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic radiation on inflammatory processes.
Effects of personalised exposure on self-rated electromagnetic hypersensitivity and sensibility A double-blind randomised controlled trial.
Effects of RF fields emitted from smart phones on cardio-respiratory parameters: a preliminary provocation study.
Electrical hypersensitivity in humans--fact or fiction?
Electrohypersensitivity: a functional impairment due to an inaccessible environment.
Electromagnetic fields (EMF): do they play a role in children's environmental health (CEH)?
Electromagnetic fields and health outcomes.
Electromagnetic fields hypersensitivity].
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and subjective health complaints associated with electromagnetic fields of mobile phone communication--a literature review published between 2000 and 2004.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity--an increasing challenge to the medical profession.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: biological effects of dirty electricity with emphasis on diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: fact or fiction?
Epidemiology and etiology of gliomas.

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Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure enhances inflammatory response and inhibits effect of antioxidant in RAW 264.7 cells.
Features of anti-inflammatory effects of modulated extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
Functional brain MRI in patients complaining of electrohypersensitivity after long term exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Heavy metal exposure in patients suffering from electromagnetic hypersensitivity.
Hsp70 is an independent stress marker among frequent users of mobile phones.
Hypersensitivity symptoms associated with exposure to cellular telephones: no causal link.
Hypersensitivity syndrome].
Hypersensitivity to electricity: working definition and additional characterization of the syndrome.
Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (formerly 'electromagnetic hypersensitivity'): An updated systematic review of provocation studies.
Increased mercury release from dental amalgam restorations after exposure to electromagnetic fields as a potential hazard for hypersensitive people and pregnant women.
Induction of macrophage migration inhibitory factor precedes the onset of acute tonsillitis.
Microwaves from GSM mobile telephones affect 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX foci in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.
Mobile-phone-based home exercise training program decreases systemic inflammation in COPD: a pilot study.
Physiological variables and subjective symptoms by 60 Hz magnetic field in EHS and non-EHS persons.
Prevalence of self-reported hypersensitivity to electric or magnetic fields in a population-based questionnaire survey.
Provocation of electric hypersensitivity under everyday conditions.
Provocation study of persons with perceived electrical hypersensitivity and controls using magnetic field exposure and recording of electrophysiological characteristics.
Provocation with stress and electricity of patients with "sensitivity to electricity".
Reliable disease biomarkers characterizing and identifying electrohypersensitivity and multiple chemical sensitivity as two etiopathogenic aspects of a unique pathological disorder.
Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model.
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Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
The amelioration of phagocytic ability in microglial cells by curcumin through the inhibition of EMF-induced pro-inflammatory responses.
The effect of melatonin on the liver of rats exposed to microwave radiation.
The implications of non-linear biological oscillations on human electrophysiology for electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS).
The microwave syndrome or electro-hypersensitivity: historical background.
The role of fatty acids in anti-inflammatory effects of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
The role of microwave radiometry in carotid artery disease. Diagnostic and clinical prospective.
Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective.
Thermal Response of In Vivo Human Skin to Fractional Radiofrequency Microneedle Device.
Use of terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies for the correction of thyroid functional state during stress].
Wireless communication fields and non-specific symptoms of ill health: a literature review.
Women growing older with environmental sensitivities: A grounded theory model of meeting one's needs.

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FACTOR 2
Theme ­ Coronary artery disease
Key MeSH Headings - Plaque, Atherosclerotic, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Carotid Artery Diseases, Inflammation, Hypertension
Titles
A study on the biological effects of exposure mobile-phone frequency EMF].
A survey on diabetes mellitus in the staff of electric power system in Baotou city].
Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis.
Analysis of the effect of a 60 Hz AC field on histamine release by rat peritoneal mast cells.
Bilateral symmetry of local inflammatory activation in human carotid atherosclerotic plaques.
Blood laboratory findings in patients suffering from self-perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS).
Cardiovascular risk in operators under radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Changes in antioxidant capacity of blood due to mutual action of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) and opioid drug (tramadol) in animal model of persistent inflammatory state.
Changes in the chromatin structure of lymphoid cells under the influence of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation against the background of inflammatory process].
Decrease in the intensity of the cellular immune response and nonspecific inflammation upon exposure to extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation].
Dependence of anti-inflammatory effects of high peak-power pulsed electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency on exposure parameters].
Development of hypertension after long-term exposure to static magnetic fields among workers from a magnetic resonance imaging device manufacturing facility.
Earthing: health implications of reconnecting the human body to the Earth's surface electrons.
Effect of electromagnetic irradiation of the millimetric range on hemodynamics in patients with arterial hypertension].
Effect of high frequency electromagnetic wave stimulation on muscle injury in a rat model.
Effect of quinacrine on inflammatory reaction of blood system induced by microwave irradiation].

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Effect of the pulsed electromagnetic field on the release of inflammatory mediators from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in rats.
Effects of low-intensity ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic radiation on inflammatory processes.
Electromagnetic effects on people.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: biological effects of dirty electricity with emphasis on diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
Epidemiological risk assessment of pathology development in occupational exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of occupational risk caused by exposure to electromagnetic rays].
Evidence that dirty electricity is causing the worldwide epidemics of obesity and diabetes.
Exacerbation of hypertension and disturbances of the geomagnetic field].
Exposure to radio-frequency radiation from an aircraft radar unit.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure enhances inflammatory response and inhibits effect of antioxidant in RAW 264.7 cells.
Features of anti-inflammatory effects of modulated extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
Health care utilisation and attitudes towards health care in subjects reporting environmental annoyance from electricity and chemicals.
Mobile-phone-based home exercise training program decreases systemic inflammation in COPD: a pilot study.
Psychological symptoms and intermittent hypertension following acute microwave exposure.
Radiofrequency Scanning for Retained Surgical Items Can Cause Electromagnetic Interference and Pacing Inhibition if an Asynchronous Pacing Mode Is Not Applied.
Reliable disease biomarkers characterizing and identifying electrohypersensitivity and multiple chemical sensitivity as two etiopathogenic aspects of a unique pathological disorder.
Role of ultrasonic dopplerography in monitoring the effectiveness of treatment of patients who have sustained a stroke with decimeter-range electromagnetic waves].
Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model.
Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
The amelioration of phagocytic ability in microglial cells by curcumin through the inhibition of EMF-induced pro-inflammatory responses.
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The heliogeophysical aspects of circumpolar health. The role of fatty acids in anti-inflammatory effects of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation. The role of microwave radiometry in carotid artery disease. Diagnostic and clinical prospective. Thermal Response of In Vivo Human Skin to Fractional Radiofrequency Microneedle Device.

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FACTOR 3A Theme ­ Congenital abnormalities
Key MeSH Headings - Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Calcification, Physiologic, Congenital Abnormalities
Titles
A confirmation study of Russian and Ukrainian data on effects of 2450 MHz microwave exposure on immunological processes and teratology in rats.
Adverse human reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic fields: a brief summary of the epidemiologic literature.
Age diseases depending on geomagnetic field activity inside the womb period]. Alternative functional relationships between ELF field exposure and possible health effects: report on an expert workshop.
An evaluation of the mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic potential of microwaves.
An international project to confirm Soviet-era results on immunological and teratological effects of RF field exposure in Wistar rats and comments on Grigoriev et al. [2010].
Anesthesia as an effective agent against the production of congenital anomalies in mouse fetuses exposed to electromagnetic radiation.
Are microwaves a co-teratogen? Experimental model concept and its verification]. Case-control study on maternal residential proximity to high voltage power lines and congenital anomalies in France.
Chick embryo development can be irreversibly altered by early exposure to weak extremely-lowfrequency magnetic fields.
Clinical teratology.
Congenital anomalies in the offspring of rats after exposure of the testis to an electrostatic field.
Contribution of physical factors to the complex anthropogenic load in an industrial town]. Development of chicken embryos in a pulsed magnetic field.
Development of preincubated chicken eggs following exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields with 1.33-7.32 mT flux densities.
Developmental changes in Drosophila melanogaster following exposure to alternating electromagnetic fields.
Developmental toxicity interactions of salicylic acid and radiofrequency radiation or 2methoxyethanol in rats.
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Effects of 2.45 GHz CW microwave radiation on embryofetal development in mice.
Effects of gestational exposure to 1.95-GHz W-CDMA signals for IMT-2000 cellular phones: Lack of embryotoxicity and teratogenicity in rats.
Effects of noise and electromagnetic fields on reproductive outcomes.
Electromagnetic poles and reproduction].
EMF and health.
Epidemiological studies of work with video display terminals and adverse pregnancy outcomes (1984-1992).
Evaluation of the developmental toxicity of 60 Hz magnetic fields and harmonic frequencies in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: health effects and research needs.
Joint actions of environmental nonionizing electromagnetic fields and chemical pollution in cancer promotion.
Maternal exposure to magnetic fields from high-voltage power lines and the risk of birth defects.
Maternal proximity to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and risk of birth defects.
Mouse early embryos obtained by natural breeding or in vitro fertilization display a differential sensitivity to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects induced by radiofrequency electromagnetic field of mobile phone].
Neural and behavioral teratological evaluation of rats exposed to ultra-wideband electromagnetic fields.
Paternal work in the power industry: effects on children at delivery.
Possible effects of electric blankets and heated waterbeds on fetal development.
Prospective study of pregnancy outcomes after parental cell phone exposure: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.
Pulsed magnetic field from video display terminals enhances teratogenic effects of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health.
Reproductive and teratologic effects of electromagnetic fields.
Risk of birth defects by parental occupational exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields: a population based study.

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Search for teratogenic risks with the aid of malformation registries.
Some effects of exposure of the Japanese quail embryo to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.
Teratogenic effects of sinusoidal extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on morphology of 24 hr chick embryos.
Teratology, survival, and reversal learning after fetal irradiation of mice by 2450-MHz microwave energy.
The effects of ionizing radiation, microwaves, and ultrasound on the developing embryo: clinical interpretations and applications of the data.
The influence of electromagnetic radiation generated by a mobile phone on the skeletal system of rats.
VDT pulse magnetic field enhances teratogenic effect of ara-c in mice].
Video display terminal use during pregnancy and reproductive outcome--a meta-analysis.
Video display terminals: risk of electromagnetic radiation.

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FACTOR 3B
Theme ­ Mammary tumors
Key MeSH Headings - Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma
Titles
A histopathological study on alterations in DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats with 50 Hz, 100 muT magnetic field exposure.
Acceleration of mammary tumorigenesis by exposure of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-treated female rats in a 50-Hz, 100-microT magnetic field: replication study.
Bioelectromagnetic field effects on cancer cells and mice tumors.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats.
Chronic, low-level (1.0 W/kg) exposure of mice prone to mammary cancer to 2450 MHz microwaves.
Do cocarcinogenic effects of ELF electromagnetic fields require repeated long-term interaction with carcinogens? Characteristics of positive studies using the DMBA breast cancer model in rats.
Effect of 13 week magnetic field exposures on DMBA-initiated mammary gland carcinomas in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of 26 week magnetic field exposures in a DMBA initiation-promotion mammary gland model in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of a 9 mT pulsed magnetic field on C3H/Bi female mice with mammary carcinoma. A comparison between the 12 Hz and the 460 Hz frequencies.
Effects of 50- or 60-hertz, 100 microT magnetic field exposure in the DMBA mammary cancer model in Sprague-Dawley rats: possible explanations for different results from two laboratories.
Effects of 900 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on DMBA-induced mammary tumors in rats.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on DMBA-induced mammary gland tumors in female SpragueDawley rats.
Effects of magnetic fields on mammary tumor development induced by 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene in rats.

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Effects of mobile-phone microwave on dimethylbenz (a) anthracene induced mammary carcinoma development in rats].
Effects of weak alternating magnetic fields on nocturnal melatonin production and mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Evaluation of the potential carcinogenicity of 60 Hz linear sinusoidal continuous-wave magnetic fields in Fischer F344 rats.
Low-frequency electromagnetic radiation enhances the induction of rat mammary tumors by nitrosomethyl urea.
Magnetic fields and mammary cancer in rodents: a critical review and evaluation of published literature.
Male breast tumors in railway engine drivers: investigation of 5 cases].
Microwave absorption by normal and tumor cells.
Modifying effect of light and electromagnetic field on development of mammary tumors induced by N-nitrosomethyl urea in female rats].
Non dietetic environmental risk factors in prostate cancer].
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in relation to male breast cancer and testicular cancer: a Swedish case-control study.
On the role of the interactions of ions with external magnetic fields in physiologic processes and their importance in chronobiology.
Repeated exposure of C3H/HeJ mice to ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulses: lack of effects on mammary tumors.
Significant differences in the effects of magnetic field exposure on 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary carcinogenesis in two substrains of SpragueDawley rats.
Study on potential effects of "902-MHz GSM-type Wireless Communication Signals" on DMBA-induced mammary tumours in Sprague-Dawley rats.
The effect of low-frequency electromagnetic fields on the development of experimental mammary tumors].
Transferrin receptors and natural killer cell lysis. A study using Colo 205 cells exposed to 60 Hz electromagnetic fields.

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FACTOR 4 Theme ­ Male infertility
Key MeSH Headings - Sperm Count, Spermatozoa, Sperm Motility, Semen, Testis, Infertility, Male, Spermatogenesis, Testosterone, Fertility
Titles
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
1950MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells.
2.45 GHz microwave radiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress mediated testicular apoptosis: Involvement of a p53 dependent bax-caspase-3 mediated pathway. 2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress.
900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.
Abnormal physical architecture of the lipophilic domains of human sperm membrane in oligospermia: a logical cause for low fertility profiles.
Action of UHF microwaves on the germ and somatic cells of mammals]. Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis. Acute, whole-body microwave exposure and testicular function of rats.
Adolescent in-school cellphone habits: a census of rules, survey of their effectiveness, and fertility implications.
Alternating magnetic field damages the reproductive function of murine testes].
An evaluation of the effects of long-term cell phone use on the testes via light and electron microscope analysis.
An ultrastructural analysis of the testes in mice subjected to long-term exposure to a 17-kHz electrical field]. Analysis of Gene Expression in Mice Testes Exposed to 1.765 GHz Microwave in Utero.
Are men talking their reproductive health away?
Association between mobile phone use and semen quality: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
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Biologic effects of prolonged exposure to ELF electromagnetic fields in rats: II. 50 Hz magnetic fields. Biological and morphological effects on the reproductive organ of rats after exposure to electromagnetic field. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields: Two sides of a coin. Biophysical evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic field effects on male reproductive pattern. Cell phones and male infertility: a review of recent innovations in technology and consequences. Cell phones and male infertility: dissecting the relationship.
Cell phones: modern man's nemesis? Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats]. Challenging cell phone impact on reproduction: a review. Changes of rat testicular germ cell apoptosis after high power microwave radiation]. Chronotoxicity of 1800 MHz microwave radiation on sex hormones and spermatogenesis in male mice]. Combined effects of traffic and electromagnetic fields on the immune system of fertile atopic women. Combined effects of varicocele and cell phones on semen and hormonal parameters. Comparative effectiveness of different tests to determine the mutagenicity of certain factors in mammals. II. Frequency of anomalous sperm head in mice exposed to different factors]. Comparison of native and microwave irradiated DNA. Congenital anomalies in the offspring of rats after exposure of the testis to an electrostatic field. Cytogenetic effects of microwave irradiation on male germ cells of the mouse. Cytokines produced by microwave-radiated Sertoli cells interfere with spermatogenesis in rat testis. DNA damage, cell kinetics and ODC activities studied in CBA mice exposed to electromagnetic fields generated by transmission lines. Does exposure to computers affect the routine parameters of semen quality? Does prolonged radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi devices induce DNA damage in various tissues of rats? Does static electric field from ultra-high voltage direct-current transmission lines affect male reproductive capacity? Evidence from a laboratory study on male mice.
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Dominant lethal studies in male mice after exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation.
Dominant lethal studies in male mice after exposure to a 50 Hz magnetic field.
Dominant lethal studies in male mice after exposure to a 50-Hz electric field.
Dosimetry for a study of effects of 2.45-GHz microwaves on mouse testis.
Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice.
Effect of 2450 MHz microwaves on the fertility of Swiss female mice].
Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study.
Effect of discontinuous short-wave electromagnetic field irradiation on the state of the endocrine glands].
Effect of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on male rat reproductive system in a simulated scenario.
Effect of Electromagnetic Waves from Mobile Phones on Spermatogenesis in the Era of 4GLTE.
Effect of Guilingji Capsule on the fertility, liver functions, and serum LDH of male SD rats exposed by 900 mhz cell phone].
Effect of long-term exposure of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on testes functions.
Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis.
Effect of low-intensity extremely high frequency radiation on reproductive function in wistar rats.
Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Effect of Modified Wuzi Yanzong Pill () on Tip60-Mediated Apoptosis in Testis of Male Rats after Microwave Radiation.
Effect of rosmarinic acid on sertoli cells apoptosis and serum antioxidant levels in rats after exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Effect of whole-body 1800MHz GSM-like microwave exposure on testicular steroidogenesis and histology in mice.
Effects of 1800-MHz radiofrequency fields on circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin and testosterone in male rats.
Effects of 2.45 GHz CW microwave radiation on embryofetal development in mice.
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation and heat on mouse spermatogenic epithelium.

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Effects of 2.45 GHz microwaves on meiotic chromosomes of male CBA/CAY mice.
Effects of 60 Hz electromagnetic field exposure on testicular germ cell apoptosis in mice.
Effects of a unique electromagnetic field system on the fertility of rats.
Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats.
Effects of electromagnetic fields exposure on plasma hormonal and inflammatory pathway biomarkers in male workers of a power plant.
Effects of electromagnetic fields on fecundity in the chicken.
Effects of electromagnetic fields on the reproductive success of American kestrels.
Effects of electromagnetic pulses on apoptosis and TGF-beta3 expression of mouse testis tissue].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular phone on human sperm motility: an in vitro study.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on morphology and TGF-beta3 expression in mouse testicular tissue.
Effects of electromagnetic waves emitted from 3G+wi-fi modems on human semen analysis.
Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on sexual behavior in adult male rabbit: an observational study.
Effects of exposure to a mobile phone on testicular function and structure in adult rabbit.
Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field (1.8/0.9 GHz) on testicular function and structure in growing rats.
Effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) exposure on B6C3F1 mice.
Effects of GSM-like radiofrequency irradiation during the oogenesis and spermiogenesis of Xenopus laevis.
Effects of high power microwave on the expressions of Bcl-2 and C-myc proteins in the rat testis].
Effects of microwaves (950 MHZ mobile phone) on morphometric and apoptotic changes of rabbit epididymis.
Effects of mobile phone radiation on serum testosterone in Wistar albino rats.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS) on reproduction and development of mice: a multi-generation study.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on mammalian spermatogenesis].

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Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.
Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature.
Effects of whole-body 50-Hz magnetic field exposure on mouse Leydig cells.
Effects on rat testis of 1.95-GHz W-CDMA for IMT-2000 cellular phones.
Electric power, pineal function, and the risk of breast cancer.
Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.
Environmental risk factors in the history of male patients of an infertility clinic.
Evaluation of changes in electrophysiological and hormonal parameters in rabbits resulting from short-term low-intensity ultra-high-frequency irradiation].
Evaluation of testicular degeneration induced by low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility.
Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS.
Examination of electric field effects on tissues by using back propagation neural network.
Exercise testing in the evaluation of human responses to powerline frequency fields.
Experimental research on the biological action of the pulse-modulated microwave radiation created by shipboard radar stations].
Exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field for 1 hour a day over 30 days does change the histopathology and biochemistry of the rat testis.
Exposure to magnetic fields and the risk of poor sperm quality.
Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation of public risk prevention instruments threatens the quality of spermatozoids.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure affects fertilization outcome in swine animal model.
Extremely low-frequency magnetic fields can impair spermatogenesis recovery after reversible testicular damage induced by heat.
Flow cytometric analysis of the effects of 50 Hz magnetic fields on mouse spermatogenesis].

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Germ cell degeneration in normal and microwave-irradiated rats: potential sperm production rates at different developmental steps in spermatogenesis.
Growing concern over the safety of using mobile phones and male fertility.
Habits of cell phone usage and sperm quality - does it warrant attention?
Health problems among workers of iron welding machines: an effect of electromagnetic fields.
Histological and cytological examination of rat reproductive tissue after short-time intermittent radiofrequency exposure.
How does long term exposure to base stations and mobile phones affect human hormone profiles?
Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Hygienic standardization of electromagnetic radiation from two-channel meteorological radar stations].
Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Impact of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the testicular inflammatory pathway biomarkers in young rats: The role of gallic acid.
Impact of cell phone radiation on male reproduction].
Impact of cell phone use on men's semen parameters.
Impact of microwave at X-band in the aetiology of male infertility.
Impact of mobile phone radiation on the quality and DNA methylation of human sperm in vitro].
Impact of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation on DNA integrity in the male germline.
In vitro effect of pulsed 900 MHz GSM radiation on mitochondrial membrane potential and motility of human spermatozoa.
In vitro effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves on bovine spermatozoa motility.
In vitro fertilization of mouse ova by spermatozoa exposed isothermally to radio-frequency radiation.
Influence of a 50 hz extra low frequency electromagnetic field on spermatozoa motility and fertilization rates in rabbits.

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Influence of electromagnetic fields emitted by GSM-900 cellular telephones on the circadian patterns of gonadal, adrenal and pituitary hormones in men.
Influence of electromagnetic fields on reproductive system of male rats.
Influence of in vitro microwave radiation on the fertilizing capacity of turkey sperm. Influence of microwave exposure on fertility of male rats.
Influence of radiofrequency-electromagnetic waves from 3rd-generation cellular phones on fertilization and embryo development in mice.
Inhibition by Egb761 of the effect of cellphone radiation on the male reproductive system.
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Interaction of microwave radiation with turkey sperm. Is there a relationship between cell phone use and semen quality?
Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality.
Long-term exposure of male and female mice to 50 Hz magnetic field: effects on fertility.
Long-term exposure to low intensity microwave radiation affects male reproductivity].
Long-term microwave radiation affects male reproduction in rats]. Low frequency electromagnetic waves increase human sperm motility - A pilot study revealing the potent effect of 43 kHz radiation.
Mechanisms of biological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: an overview.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
Metabolic and ultrastructural adaptation mechanisms during the primary prophylactic action of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under normal and radiation conditions].
Microwave emissions from police radar. Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats.
Microwave radiation decreases the expressions of occludin and JAM-1 in rats].
Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro. Mobile phone usage and male infertility in Wistar rats.

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Morinda officialis how extract improves microwave-induced reproductive impairment in male rats].
Multigeneration reproductive toxicity assessment of 60-Hz magnetic fields using a continuous breeding protocol in rats.
Occupational exposures obtained by questionnaire in clinical practice and their association with semen quality.
Occupational hazards for the male reproductive system.
Occupational influences on male fertility and sexuality. I.
Oxidative effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field and radio frequency radiation on testes tissues of diabetic and healthy rats.
Oxidative stress-mediated alterations on sperm parameters in male Wistar rats exposed to 3G mobile phone radiation.
PARAMETERS OF SPERMATOGENESIS IN MEN EXPOSED TO DIFFICULT ENVIRONMENTS].
Pathological study of testicular injury induced by high power microwave radiation in rats].
Poly ADP ribosylation as a possible mechanism of microwave--biointeraction.
Prospective study of pregnancy outcomes after parental cell phone exposure: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.
Protective effect of Liuweidihuang Pills against cellphone electromagnetic radiation-induced histomorphological abnormality, oxidative injury, and cell apoptosis in rat testes].
Protective effects of luteolin on rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Proteomic analysis of continuous 900-MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure in testicular tissue: a rat model of human cell phone exposure.
Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro and thus may affect male fertility.
Quantitative changes in testicular structure and function in rat exposed to mobile phone radiation.
Radar radiation damages sperm quality].
Radiations and male fertility.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields; male infertility and sex ratio of offspring.

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Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from cell phone causes defective testicular function in male Wistar rats.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice.
Rat fertility and embryo fetal development: influence of exposure to the Wi-Fi signal.
Reaction of Reproductive System and Epididymal Spermatozoa .of Rats to Electromagnetic Radiation from Mobile Phone (1745 MHz) of Various Duration].
Recent reports of Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced radiation on oxidative stress and reproductive signaling pathways in females and males.
Reproduction in male Japanese quail exposed to microwave radiation during embryogeny.
Reproductive hazards among workers at high voltage substations.
Response of Caenorhabditis elegans to wireless devices radiation exposure.
Response of the seminiferous epithelium of the mouse exposed to low dose high energy (HZE) and electromagnetic radiation.
Scientometric study of the effects of exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic fields on fertility: A contribution to understanding the reasons of partial failure.
Self-reported mobile phone use and semen parameters among men from a fertility clinic.
Semen analysis of military personnel associated with military duty assignments.
Sperm count and sperm abnormality in male mice after exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation.
State of the reproductive systemin in male rats of 1st generation obtained from irradiated parents and exposed to electromagnetic radiation (897 MHz) during embryogenesis and postnatal development].
Status quo of the researches on the biological effect of electromagnetic radiation on the testis and epididymal sperm].
Structural and ultrastructural study of rat testes influenced by electromagnetic radiation.
Studies of the induction of dominant lethals and translocations in male mice after chronic exposure to microwave radiation.
Studies of the teratogenic potential of exposure of rats to 6000-MHz microwave radiation. II. Postnatal psychophysiologic evaluations.
Study of bioeffects of ship-borne microwave navigation radar in chronic experiments].
Testicular apoptosis and histopathological changes induced by a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field.

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Testicular development evaluation in rats exposed to 60 Hz and 1 mT electromagnetic field. Testicular function of rats following exposure to microwave radiation. Tests of mutagenesis and reproduction in male rats exposed to 2,450-MHz (CW) microwaves. The biological effects of radiofrequency radiation: a critical review and recommendations. The combined action of drinking mineral water and low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under the immobilization stress conditions (an experimental study)]. The effect of acute far field exposure at 2.45 GHz on the mouse testis. The effect of alternating electric field of industrial frequency on testicles of white mice]. The effect of low-intensity prolonged impulse electromagnetic irradiation in the UHF range on the testes and the appendages of the testis in rats]. The effect of male occupational exposure in infertile couples in Norway. The effect of prenatal exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-old-day rat testicle. The effect of pulsed 900-MHz GSM mobile phone radiation on the acrosome reaction, head morphometry and zona binding of human spermatozoa. The effects of an electromagnetic field on the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubules of the rat: A light and transmission electron microscope study. The effects of electromagnetic waves emitted by the cell phones on the testicular tissue. The effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure on the pH of the adult male semen and the motoricity parameters of spermatozoa in vitro]. The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation. The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function. The effects of simultaneous combined exposure to CDMA and WCDMA electromagnetic fields on rat testicular function. The genomic effects of cell phone exposure on the reproductive system. The influence of electromagnetic radiation of industrial frequency on Daphnia magna (Straus)]. The influence of ultrasound and constant magnetic field on gametes, zygotes, and embryos of the sea urchin]. The interaction of changes in the genitalia in the pathogenesis of sterility in men]. The mobile phone decreases fructose but not citrate in rabbit semen: a longitudinal study. The semen quality of the mobile phone users.
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The specific features of the development of metabolic and regenerative processes under the action of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation in radiation exposure conditions (an experimental study)].
The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field.
The use of FDTD in establishing in vitro experimentation conditions representative of lifelike cell phone radiation on the spermatozoa.
Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats.
Whole-body microwave exposure emitted by cellular phones and testicular function of rats.
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and mobile phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-induced risks on oxidative stress and elements in kidney and testis of rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.

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FACTOR 5
Theme ­ Brain neoplasms
Key MeSH Headings - Meningioma, Glioma, Meningeal Neoplasms, Neuroma, Acoustic, Brain Neoplasms, Glioblastoma, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Neuroma, Cranial Nerve Neoplasms, Parotid Neoplasms, Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Titles
50-Hz electromagnetic environment and the incidence of childhood tumors in Stockholm County.
A Bayesian approach to hazard identification. The case of electromagnetic fields and cancer.
A case-case study of mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk in Japan.
A cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumor in a squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).
A literature review of medical side effects from radio-frequency energy in the human environment: involving cancer, tumors, and problems of the central nervous system.
A pooled analysis of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors.
A population-based case-control study of radiofrequency exposure in relation to childhood neoplasm.
A review of in vitro studies: low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
A three-dimensional point process model for the spatial distribution of disease occurrence in relation to an exposure source.
Acoustic neuroma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study.
Adult glioma in relation to residential power frequency electromagnetic field exposures in the San Francisco Bay area.
Adult mortality from leukemia, brain cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and magnetic fields from power lines: a case-control study in Brazil.
Alternative functional relationships between ELF field exposure and possible health effects: report on an expert workshop.
An epidemiological review of mobile telephones and cancer.
An international prospective cohort study of mobile phone users and health (Cosmos): design considerations and enrolment.
Analyses of temporal and spatial patterns of glioblastoma multiforme and other brain cancer subtypes in relation to mobile phones using synthetic counterfactuals.

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Analysis of ear side of mobile phone use in the general population of Japan. Analysis of gene expression in two human-derived cell lines exposed in vitro to a 1.9 GHz pulsemodulated radiofrequency field. Analysis of mobile phone use among young patients with brain tumors in Japan. Anthropogenic Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Elicit Neuropathic Pain in an Amputation Model. Application criteria of the precautionary principle]. Assessing the potential carcinogenic activity of magnetic fields using animal models. Assessment of cellular telephone and other radio frequency exposure for epidemiologic research. Association between number of cell phone contracts and brain tumor incidence in nineteen U.S. States. Association between radiation from mobile phones and tumour risk in adults]. Association between vestibular schwannomas and mobile phone use. Association of childhood cancer with residential traffic density. Berkson error adjustment and other exposure surrogates in occupational case-control studies, with application to the Canadian INTEROCC study. Bioeffects of electromagnetic fields--safety limits of each frequency band, especially less than radio one]. Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards. Biological effects of amplitude-modulated radiofrequency radiation. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation. Biological effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields: in vivo studies. Biological effects on human health due to radiofrequency/microwave exposure: a synopsis of cohort studies. Biological indicators in response to radiofrequency/microwave exposure. Biological interactions and potential health effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields from power lines and other common sources. Biological responses to electromagnetic fields. Biomarkers of induced electromagnetic field and cancer. Biophysical estimation of the environmental importance of electromagnetic fields. Biophysical mechanisms of electromagnetic fields interaction and health effects].
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Brain cancer and occupational exposure to magnetic fields among men: results from a Canadian population-based case-control study.
Brain cancer incidence trends in relation to cellular telephone use in the United States.
Brain cancer risk and electromagnetic fields (EMFs): assessing the geomagnetic component. Brain tumor risk in children in relation to use of electric blankets and water bed heaters. Results from the United States West Coast Childhood Brain Tumor Study.
Brain tumor risk in offspring of men occupationally exposed to electric and magnetic fields.
Calcium protects differentiating neuroblastoma cells during 50 Hz electromagnetic radiation.
Cancer in radar technicians exposed to radiofrequency/microwave radiation: sentinel episodes.
Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes. Cancer incidence and magnetic field exposure in industries using resistance welding in Sweden.
Cancer incidence and mortality and proximity to TV towers.
Cancer incidence vs. FM radio transmitter density.
Cancer morbidity in subjects occupationally exposed to high frequency (radiofrequency and microwave) electromagnetic radiation.
Cancer risks related to low-level RF/MW exposures, including cell phones. Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art].
Carcinogenicity study of 217 Hz pulsed 900 MHz electromagnetic fields in Pim1 transgenic mice.
Carcinogenicity study of GSM and DCS wireless communication signals in B6C3F1 mice.
Carcinogenicity test of 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields in rats. Case-control study of childhood cancer and exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields.
Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use.
Case-control study on occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields and glioma risk.
Case-Control Study on Occupational Exposure to Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields and the Association with Meningioma.
Case-control study on the use of cellular and cordless phones and the risk for malignant brain tumours.

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Case-control study on uveal melanoma (RIFA): rational and design. Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems. Cell phone use and acoustic neuroma: the need for standardized questionnaires and access to industry data. Cell phone use and risk of thyroid cancer: a population-based case-control study in Connecticut. Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data. Cell phones and cancer: what is the evidence for a connection? Cell phones and children: follow the precautionary road. Cell Phones and Risk of brain and acoustic nerve tumours: the French INTERPHONE casecontrol study]. Cell phones: health risks and prevention]. Cellular and cordless telephone use and the association with brain tumors in different age groups. Cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for brain tumours. Cellular phone use and brain tumor: a meta-analysis. Cellular phone use and risk of benign and malignant parotid gland tumors--a nationwide casecontrol study. Cellular phones and risk of brain tumors. Cellular phones and their hazards: the current evidence. Cellular phones, cordless phones, and the risks of glioma and meningioma (Interphone Study Group, Germany). Cellular telephone use and risk of intratemporal facial nerve tumor. Cellular telephone use and time trends for brain, head and neck tumours. Cellular telephones and risk for brain tumors: a population-based, incident case-control study. Cellular-telephone use and brain tumors. Changes in brain glioma incidence and laterality correlates with use of mobile phones--a nationwide population based study in Israel. Childhood brain tumors and residential electromagnetic fields (EMF). Childhood brain tumour risk and its association with wireless phones: a commentary. Childhood brain tumours and use of mobile phones: comparison of a case-control study with incidence data.

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Childhood cancer and magnetic fields from high-voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study.
Childhood cancer and residential proximity to power lines. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators.
Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code.
Childhood cancer in relation to distance from high voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study.
Childhood cancer in relation to indicators of magnetic fields from ground current sources.
Childhood cancer occurrence in relation to power line configurations: a study of potential selection bias in case-control studies.
Childhood leukaemia and distance from power lines in California: a population-based casecontrol study.
Children's health and RF EMF exposure. Views from a risk assessment and risk communication perspective.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats.
Chronic, low-level (1.0 W/kg) exposure of mice prone to mammary cancer to 2450 MHz microwaves.
Cochlear implants in the etiopathogenesis of glioblastoma--an interesting observation or independent finding?
Cohort and nested case-control studies of hematopoietic cancers and brain cancer among electric utility workers.
Comparative analyses of the studies of magnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers: studies from France, Canada, and the United States.
Comparative health risk assessment of electromagnetic fields.
Computer screens and brain cancer.
Concern that "EMF" magnetic fields from power lines cause cancer.
Correlation between cellular phone use and epithelial parotid gland malignancies.
Current state of our knowledge on brain tumor epidemiology.
Cytotoxicity of temozolomide on human glioblastoma cells is enhanced by the concomitant exposure to an extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field (100Hz, 100G).
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Danger of cellular telephones and their relay stations].
Decreased survival of glioma patients with astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme) associated with long-term use of mobile and cordless phones.
Do people understand IARC's 2B categorization of RF fields from cell phones?
Does cell phone use increase the chances of parotid gland tumor development? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Ecological study on residences in the vicinity of AM radio broadcasting towers and cancer death: preliminary observations in Korea.
Effect of magnetic field exposure on anchorage-independent growth of a promoter-sensitive mouse epidermal cell line (JB6).
Effect of Mobile Phone-Induced Electromagnetic Field on Brain Hemodynamics and Human Stem Cell Functioning: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk and Early Diagnostic Value of Electronphotonic Imaging.
Effect of radiofrequency radiation exposure on mouse skin tumorigenesis initiated by 7,12dimethybenz[alpha]anthracene.
Effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation and phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13acetate on dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer in mice.
Effects of 2450 MHz electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on methylcholanthreneinduced transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells.
Effects of 900 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on DMBA-induced mammary tumors in rats.
Effects of a 2450 MHz high-frequency electromagnetic field with a wide range of SARs on the induction of heat-shock proteins in A172 cells.
Effects of electromagnetic fields on health].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation of mobile phones on the central nervous system.
Effects of exposure to a 1950 MHz radio frequency field on expression of Hsp70 and Hsp27 in human glioma cells.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on DMBA-induced mammary gland tumors in female SpragueDawley rats.
Effects of low level microwave radiation on carcinogenesis in Swiss Albino mice.
Effects of mobile phone radiation on UV-induced skin tumourigenesis in ornithine decarboxylase transgenic and non-transgenic mice.
Electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a review.

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Electric blanket or mattress cover use and breast cancer incidence in women 50-79 years of age. Electric Blanket Use and Risk of Thyroid Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort. Electrical field exposure and human health. Risk assessment and problems relative to bureaucratic procedures and to the role of instituitional organizations in control and prevention]. Electromagnetic field exposures and childhood cancers in New Zealand. Electromagnetic fields and brain tumours: a commentary. Electromagnetic fields and cancer risks. Electromagnetic fields and cancer: the cost of doing nothing. Electromagnetic fields and cells. Electromagnetic fields and female breast cancer. Electromagnetic fields and health effects--epidemiologic studies of cancer, diseases of the central nervous system and arrhythmia-related heart disease. Electromagnetic fields and public health. Electromagnetic fields from high-voltage installations and cancer in childhood]. Electromagnetic fields of mobile telephone systems--thresholds, effects and risks for cochlear implant patients and healthy people]. Electromagnetic fields--effects on health]. Electromagnetic fields: a cancer promoter? Electromagnetic radiations and cancer. Cause and prevention. Electromagnetic-field exposure and cancer. Electrosmog as a health risk factor: sources of artificial electromagnetic fields, evaluation of health risk, prevention methods]. EMF and health. Environmental risk factors for brain tumors. Environmental risk factors for sporadic acoustic neuroma (Interphone Study Group, Germany). Epidemiologic evidence on mobile phones and tumor risk: a review. Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects. Epidemiologic study of residential proximity to transmission lines and childhood cancer in California: description of design, epidemiologic methods and study population.

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Epidemiological appraisal of studies of residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and adult cancers. Epidemiological studies of human exposures to radiofrequency radiation. A critical review. Epidemiological studies of radio frequency exposures and human cancer. Epidemiological study of power lines and childhood cancer in the UK: further analyses. Epidemiology and etiology of gliomas. Epidemiology of brain tumors. Epidemiology of health effects of radiofrequency exposure. Epidemiology of Intracranial Gliomas. Estimates of Environmental Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields and Risk of Lymphoma Subtypes. Estimating associations of mobile phone use and brain tumours taking into account laterality: a comparison and theoretical evaluation of applied methods. Estimating exposure in studies of residential magnetic fields and cancer: importance of shortterm variability, time interval between diagnosis and measurement, and distance to power line. Evaluation of carcinogenic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF). Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation. Evaluation of potential confounders in planning a study of occupational magnetic field exposure and female breast cancer. Evaluation of residential exposure to intermediate frequency magnetic fields. Evaluation of the effects of electric and magnetic fields in humans]. Evaluation of the potential carcinogenicity of 60 Hz linear sinusoidal continuous-wave magnetic fields in Fischer F344 rats. Evaluation of the potential of mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields (UMTS) to produce micronuclei in human glioblastoma cell lines. Experimental data on radiofrequency]. Exposure to 2.45 GHz electromagnetic fields induces hsp70 at a high SAR of more than 20 W/kg but not at 5W/kg in human glioma MO54 cells. Exposure to 50-Hz electric field and incidence of leukemia, brain tumors, and other cancers among French electric utility workers. Exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields and proliferation of human astrocytoma cells in vitro.
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Exposure to low electromagnetic fields and the carcinogenesis process].
Exposure to power frequency electric fields and the risk of childhood cancer in the UK.
Exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of childhood cancer. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators.
Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) and brain cancer in adults and children: review and comment.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and cancer: the epidemiologic evidence.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields exposure and female breast cancer risk: a metaanalysis based on 24,338 cases and 60,628 controls.
Fifty Hertz electromagnetic field exposure stimulates secretion of beta-amyloid peptide in cultured human neuroglioma.
Follow-up of radio and telegraph operators with exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of breast cancer.
Further aspects on cellular and cordless telephones and brain tumours.
Future needs of occupational epidemiology of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: review and recommendations.
Genetic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects of radiofrequency fields.
GSM and DCS wireless communication signals: combined chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study in the Wistar rat.
Has the incidence of brain cancer risen in Australia since the introduction of mobile phones 29 years ago?
Health effects of electromagnetic fields].
Health effects of microwave exposures: a review of the recent (1995-1998) literature.
Health risks from the use of mobile phones.
Health risks of electric and magnetic fields caused by high-voltage systems in Finland.
Health risks of electromagnetic fields. Part I: Evaluation and assessment of electric and magnetic fields.
Health risks of exposure to non-ionizing radiation--myths or science-based evidence.
Health risks of mobile phones].

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Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields.
High-voltage overhead power lines in epidemiology: patterns of time variations in current load and magnetic fields.
How dangerous are mobile phones, transmission masts, and electricity pylons?
Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Immunotropic effects of electromagnetic fields in the range of radio- and microwave frequencies].
Impact of random and systematic recall errors and selection bias in case--control studies on mobile phone use and brain tumors in adolescents (CEFALO study).
Improved classification of evidence for EMF health risks.
In vitro and in vivo studies of the "VITA" device].
Incidence of breast cancer in a Norwegian cohort of women with potential workplace exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields.
Incidence of cancer in the vicinity of Korean AM radio transmitters.
Incidence of leukaemia and brain tumours in some "electrical occupations".
Incorporation of epidemiological findings into radiation protection standards.
Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies.
Indication of cocarcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model.
Inferring the 1985-2014 impact of mobile phone use on selected brain cancer subtypes using Bayesian structural time series and synthetic controls.
Influence of low frequency electromagnetic fields on the nervous system].
Interactions between occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and chemicals for brain tumour risk in the INTEROCC study.
Interactive effect of chemical substances and occupational electromagnetic field exposure on the risk of gliomas and meningiomas in Swedish men.
Invited commentary: electromagnetic fields and cancer in railway workers.
Leukaemia, brain tumours and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: cohort study of Swiss railway employees.
Leukemia, brain tumors, and exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in Swiss railway employees.

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Location of gliomas in relation to mobile telephone use: a case-case and case-specular analysis.
Long-term and frequent cellular phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma.
Long-term mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk.
Long-term mobile phone use and brain tumor risk.
Long-term mobile phone use and the risk of vestibular schwannoma: a Danish nationwide cohort study.
Long-term use of cellular phones and brain tumours: increased risk associated with use for > or =10 years.
Long-term use of mobile phone and its association with glioma: a systematic review and metaanalysis].
Long-term, low-level microwave irradiation of rats.
Los Angeles study of residential magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors.
Lost in laterality: interpreting ''preferred side of the head during mobile phone use and risk of brain tumour'' associations.
Low frequency electromagnetic fields in the working environment--exposure and health effects. Elevated risk of cancer, reproductive hazards or other unwanted health effects?].
Low-frequency electromagnetic radiation enhances the induction of rat mammary tumors by nitrosomethyl urea.
Low-level exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: health effects and research needs.
Lymphoma development of simultaneously combined exposure to two radiofrequency signals in AKR/J mice.
Magnetic field exposure in relation to leukemia and brain cancer mortality among electric utility workers.
Magnetic fields and brain tumour risks in UK electricity supply workers.
Magnetic fields and breast cancer in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines.
Magnetic fields and childhood cancer--a pooled analysis of two Scandinavian studies.
Magnetic fields and childhood cancer: an epidemiological investigation of the effects of highvoltage underground cables.
Magnetic fields of high voltage power lines and risk of cancer in Finnish adults: nationwide cohort study.
Magnetic fields, leukemia, and central nervous system tumors in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines.

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Malignant melanoma of the skin - not a sunshine story! Maternal occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and the risk of brain cancer in the offspring. Medical aspects of radiofrequency radiation overexposure. Medical exposure to ionising radiation and the risk of brain tumours: Interphone study group, Germany. Melanoma incidence and frequency modulation (FM) broadcasting. Melatonin suppression by static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: relationship to the reported increased incidence of cancer. Meningioma and mobile phone use--a collaborative case-control study in five North European countries. Meningioma patients diagnosed 2007-2009 and the association with use of mobile and cordless phones: a case-control study. Meta-analysis of association between mobile phone use and glioma risk. Meta-analysis of long-term mobile phone use and the association with brain tumours. Meta-analysis of mobile phone use and intracranial tumors. Methods used to calculate exposures in two epidemiological studies of power lines in the UK. Mobile phone base stations and early childhood cancers: case-control study. Mobile phone radiation and the risk of cancer; a review. Mobile phone radiation causes brain tumors and should be classified as a probable human carcinogen (2A) (review). Mobile Phone Radiation: Physiological & Pathophysiologcal Considerations. Mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields induce transient DNA damage and nucleotide excision repair in serum-deprived human glioblastoma cells. Mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk in Japan. Mobile phone use and brain tumors in children and adolescents: a multicenter case-control study. Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study. Mobile phone use and glioma risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Mobile phone use and glioma risk: comparison of epidemiological study results with incidence trends in the United States.

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Mobile phone use and incidence of brain tumour histological types, grading or anatomical location: a population-based ecological study. Mobile phone use and incidence of glioma in the Nordic countries 1979-2008: consistency check. Mobile phone use and location of glioma: a case-case analysis. Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors and salivary gland tumors - A meta-analysis. Mobile phone use and risk for intracranial tumors. Mobile phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma: results of the Interphone case-control study in five North European countries. Mobile phone use and risk of brain neoplasms and other cancers: prospective study. Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes. Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in 5 North European countries. Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in adults: case-control study. Mobile phone use and risk of intracranial tumors: a consistency analysis. Mobile phone use and risk of parotid gland tumor. Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis. Mobile phone use and the risk for malignant brain tumors: a case-control study on deceased cases and controls. Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma. Mobile Phone Use and the Risk of Parotid Gland Tumors: A Retrospective Case-Control Study. Mobile phone use and the risk of skin cancer: a nationwide cohort study in Denmark. Mobile phone use, exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic field, and brain tumour: a casecontrol study. Mobile phones and brain tumours: a review of epidemiological research. Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies - how do they arise? Mobile phones and head tumours: it is time to read and highlight data in a proper way]. Mobile phones, brain tumors, and the interphone study: where are we now? Mobile phones, cordless phones and rates of brain tumors in different age groups in the Swedish National Inpatient Register and the Swedish Cancer Register during 1998-2015.
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Mobile phones, cordless phones and the risk for brain tumours. Mobile phones, mobile phone base stations and cancer: a review. Mobile phones: influence on auditory and vestibular systems. Mortality from brain cancer and leukaemia among electrical workers. Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields. Mortality indices for hemoblastoses in Rivno Province before and after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]. Motivation and significance of IARC classification for mobile phone]. Need for a European approach to the effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on cancer. ELF-EMF European Feasibility Study Group. New Zealand adolescents' cellphone and cordless phone user-habits: are they at increased risk of brain tumours already? A cross-sectional study. Non dietetic environmental risk factors in prostate cancer]. Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation and cancer--is there a relationship? Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation: a study of carcinogenic and cancer treatment potential. Non-thermal bioeffects of static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields]. Nonionizing electromagnetic fields and cancer: a review. Normal doses of visible light can cause mutations in skin]. Occupational and residential exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of brain tumors in adults: a case-control study in Gironde, France. Occupational and residential magnetic field exposure and leukemia and central nervous system tumors. Occupational electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a meta-analysis. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and its health effects in electric energy workers]. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and sex-differential risk of uveal melanoma. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and the occurrence of brain tumors. An analysis of possible associations. Occupational exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic fields and brain tumor risk in the INTEROCC study: An individualized assessment approach.

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Occupational exposure to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation and electromagnetic fields in relation to the risk of thyroid cancer in Sweden.
Occupational exposure to low frequency magnetic fields and the risk of low grade and high grade glioma.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields and brain tumours in central Sweden.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields and the risk of brain tumors.
Occupational exposure to non-ionizing radiation and an association with heart disease: an exploratory study.
Occupational exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Occupational exposure to radio frequency/microwave radiation and the risk of brain tumors: Interphone Study Group, Germany.
Occupational exposures and brain cancer mortality: a preliminary study of east Texas residents.
Occupational magnetic field exposure and the risk of acoustic neuroma.
Occupational risk factors for cancer of the central nervous system: a case-control study on death certificates from 24 U.S. states.
Overview of epidemiologic research on electric and magnetic fields and cancer.
p53 immunoreactivity in cutaneous PUVA tumors is similar to that in other non-melanoma skin neoplasms.
Panel exploring pro and con arguments as to whether EMFs cause childhood brain cancer.
Parental occupational exposure to magnetic fields and childhood cancer (Sweden).
Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system.
Physical basis of adverse and therapeutic effects of low intensity microwave radiation.
Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 20072009 and use of mobile and cordless phones.
Pooled analysis of case-control studies on malignant brain tumours and the use of mobile and cordless phones including living and deceased subjects.
Pooled analysis of Swedish case-control studies during 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 on meningioma risk associated with the use of mobile and cordless phones.

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Possible cocarcinogenic effects of ELF electromagnetic fields may require repeated long-term interaction with known carcinogenic factors.
Possible effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on in vivo C6 brain tumors in Wistar rats.
Possible health hazards from exposure to power-frequency electric and magnetic fields--a COMAR Technical Information Statement.
Power-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors: a case-control study in Japan.
Primary brain cancer in adults and the use of common household appliances: a case-control study.
Probabilistic Multiple-Bias Modeling Applied to the Canadian Data From the Interphone Study of Mobile Phone Use and Risk of Glioma, Meningioma, Acoustic Neuroma, and Parotid Gland Tumors.
Public health and the radio frequency radiation emitted by cellphone technology, smart meters and WiFi.
Quantifying the impact of selection bias caused by nonparticipation in a case-control study of mobile phone use.
Radiation exposure, socioeconomic status, and brain tumor risk in the US Air Force: a nested case-control study.
Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature].
Radio frequency electromagnetic fields: cancer, mutagenesis, and genotoxicity.
Radio-frequency radiation exposure from AM radio transmitters and childhood leukemia and brain cancer.
Radiofrequency and microwave radiation in the microelectronics industry.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields emitted from base stations of DECT cordless phones and the risk of glioma and meningioma (Interphone Study Group, Germany).
Radiofrequency exposure and mammalian cell toxicity, genotoxicity, and transformation.
Radiofrequency exposure and mortality from cancer of the brain and lymphatic/hematopoietic systems.
Radiofrequency field exposure and cancer: what do the laboratory studies suggest?
Radiofrequency-induced carcinogenesis: cellular calcium homeostasis changes as a triggering factor.
Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences.
Reanalysis of risks of childhood leukaemia with distance from overhead power lines in the UK.
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Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health: 2001-2003.
Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health: 2004-2007.
Recent data from the literature on the biological and pathologic effects of electromagnetic radiation, radio waves and stray currents].
Refinements in magnetic field exposure assignment for a case-cohort study of electrical utility workers.
Repeated exposure of C3H/HeJ mice to ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulses: lack of effects on mammary tumors.
Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8GHz GSM base station environmental emission.
Residential electric consumption and childhood cancer in Canada (1971-1986)
Residential exposure to 60-Hertz magnetic fields and adult cancers in Taiwan.
Residential magnetic field exposure and childhood brain cancer: a meta-analysis.
Residential mobility of populations near UK power lines and implications for childhood leukaemia.
Review of four publications on the Danish cohort study on mobile phone subscribers and risk of brain tumors.
Review of possible modulation-dependent biological effects of radiofrequency fields.
Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health.
Review on health effects related to mobile phones. Part II: results and conclusions.
Risk for leukaemia and brain and breast cancer among Danish utility workers: a second followup.
Risk of brain tumors from wireless phone use.
Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries.
Risk of cancer among Danish electricity workers. A cohort study].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to power magnetic fields--epidemiologic investigations].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to radio- and microwave fields-epidemiologic investigations].

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Selection bias due to differential participation in a case-control study of mobile phone use and brain tumors.
Selection bias from differential residential mobility as an explanation for associations of wire codes with childhood cancer.
Self-reported electrical appliance use and risk of adult brain tumors.
Setting prudent public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures.
Should the threshold limit value for power frequency (60 Hz) magnetic fields be changed? Perceptions among scientists and other risk experts.
Significant differences in the effects of magnetic field exposure on 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary carcinogenesis in two substrains of SpragueDawley rats.
Simulation of the incidence of malignant brain tumors in birth cohorts that started using mobile phones when they first became popular in Japan.
Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats chronically exposed to 836 MHz modulated microwaves.
Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats exposed to frequency-modulated microwave fields.
Studies of childhood brain tumors using immunohistochemistry and microwave technology: methodological considerations.
Studying the effects of mobile phone use on the auditory system and the central nervous system: a review of the literature and future directions.
Survival and cancer in laboratory mammals exposed to radiofrequency energy.
Survival of glioma patients in relation to mobile phone use in Denmark, Finland and Sweden.
Symptomatic complex partial status epilepticus manifesting as utilization behavior of a mobile phone.
Systematic review of wireless phone use and brain cancer and other head tumors.
The anatomical distribution of cerebral gliomas in mobile phone users.
The controversy about a possible relationship between mobile phone use and cancer.
The controversy about a possible relationship between mobile phone use and cancer.
The design, construction and calibration of a carefully controlled source for exposure of mammalian cells to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
The effect of 60-Hz magnetic fields on co-promotion of chemically induced skin tumors on SENCAR mice: a discussion of three studies.
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The effect of chronic exposure to 835.62 MHz FDMA or 847.74 MHz CDMA radiofrequency radiation on the incidence of spontaneous tumors in rats.
The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks.
The effects of 860 MHz radiofrequency radiation on the induction or promotion of brain tumors and other neoplasms in rats.
The effects of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound.
The effects of ionizing radiation, microwaves, and ultrasound on the developing embryo: clinical interpretations and applications of the data.
The effects of pulsed 860 MHz radiofrequency radiation on the promotion of neurogenic tumors in rats.
The epidemiology of electric and magnetic field exposures in the power frequency range and reproductive outcomes.
The estimation of 3D SAR distributions in the human head from mobile phone compliance testing data for epidemiological studies.
The IARC carcinogenicity evaluation of radio-frequency electromagnetic field: with special reference to epidemiology of mobile phone use and brain tumor risk].
The incidence rate and mortality of malignant brain tumors after 10 years of intensive cell phone use in Taiwan.
The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study.
The possible role of contact current in cancer risk associated with residential magnetic fields.
The possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of uveal melanoma.
The potential carcinogenic hazards of electromagnetic radiation: a review.
The precautionary principle and electric and magnetic fields.
The probability of developing brain tumours among users of cellular telephones (scientific information to the decision of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announced on May 31, 2011)].
The problem of hygienic standardization of commercial electric and magnetic fields in Russia and other countries].
The question of health effects from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
The role of chemical and physical factors in cancer development].
The sensitivity of children to electromagnetic fields.
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Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective. Time trend in incidence of malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system in relation to mobile phone use among young people in Japan. Time trends (1998-2007) in brain cancer incidence rates in relation to mobile phone use in England. Trends in incidence of primary brain cancer in New Zealand, 1995 to 2010. Uncertainty in the relation between exposure to magnetic fields and brain cancer due to assessment and assignment of exposure and analytical methods in dose-response modeling. Use of cellular and cordless telephones and risk of testicular cancer. Use of cellular telephones and brain tumour risk in urban and rural areas. Use of cellular telephones and risk of cancer. A Danish cohort study]. Use of cellular telephones and the risk for brain tumours: A case-control study. Use of mobile and cordless phones and survival of patients with glioma. Use of mobile phones and cancer risk. Use of mobile phones and risk of brain tumours: update of Danish cohort study. Use of mobile phones in Norway and risk of intracranial tumours. Use of wireless phones and the risk of salivary gland tumours: a case-control study. Using the Hill viewpoints from 1965 for evaluating strengths of evidence of the risk for brain tumors associated with use of mobile and cordless phones. Validation of self-reported start year of mobile phone use in a Swedish case-control study on radiofrequency fields and acoustic neuroma risk. Variation in cancer risk estimates for exposure to powerline frequency electromagnetic fields: a meta-analysis comparing EMF measurement methods. Vestibular schwannoma and cell-phones. Results, limits and perspectives of clinical studies. Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer. Wireless Phone Use and Risk of Adult Glioma: Evidence from a Meta-Analysis. World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health - a hard nut to crack (Review).

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FACTOR 6 Theme ­ Sensory disorders
Key MeSH Headings - Burning Mouth Syndrome, Taste Disorders, Skin Diseases, Mouth Diseases, Dizziness, Vision Disorders, Hypersensitivity, Delayed, Fatigue
Titles
A method for in vivo detection of abnormal subepidermal tissues based on dielectric properties.
A survey study on some neurological symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones. Adverse cutaneous effects of ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation.
Association between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields assessed by dosimetry and acute symptoms in children and adolescents: a population based cross-sectional study.
Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.
Bedtime mobile phone use and sleep in adults.
Can exposure to a terrestrial trunked radio (TETRA)-like signal cause symptoms? A randomised double-blind provocation study.
Cardiac devices and electromagnetic interference revisited: new radiofrequency technologies and implications for dermatologic surgery. Description of persons with symptoms presumed to be caused by electricity or visual display units--oral aspects.
Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced suppression of the immune system.
Effect of stress and intesity of mobile phone using on the health and subjective symptoms in GSM workers].
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and subjective health complaints associated with electromagnetic fields of mobile phone communication--a literature review published between 2000 and 2004.
Environmental illness: fatigue and cholinesterase activity in patients reporting hypersensitivity to electricity.
Health response of two communities to military antennae in Cyprus. Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic fields].
Human exposure to 4.0-Tesla magnetic fields in a whole-body scanner.
Immune function and host defense in rodents exposed to 60-Hz magnetic fields.
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Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field]. Interference with cardiac pacemakers by cellular telephones. Microwave sickness: a reappraisal. Mobile communication: radiobiology problems and evaluation of danger]. Mobile phone use and subjective symptoms. Comparison of symptoms experienced by users of analogue and digital mobile phones. Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir. Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Non-specific physical symptoms and electromagnetic field exposure in the general population: can we get more specific? A systematic review. Odontologic survey of referred patients with symptoms allegedly caused by electricity or visual display units. Provocation with stress and electricity of patients with "sensitivity to electricity". Psychologic aspects of patients with symptoms presumed to be caused by electricity or visual display units. Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones. Some ocular symptoms experienced by users of mobile phones. Specific patterns of weak (1 microTesla) transcerebral complex magnetic fields differentially affect depression, fatigue, and confusion in normal volunteers. Study of human neurovegetative and hematologic effects of environmental low-frequency (50Hz) electromagnetic fields produced by transformers. Subjective symptoms related to mobile phone use--a pilot study]. Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base stations: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors]. Symptoms of ill health ascribed to electromagnetic field exposure--a questionnaire survey. Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. The effects of cell phone use on peripheral vision. The effects of multivitamin supplementation on mood and general well-being in healthy young adults. A laboratory and at-home mobile phone assessment. The risk of subjective symptoms in mobile phone users in Poland--an epidemiological study.
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Video display terminals: risk of electromagnetic radiation.

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FACTOR 7
Theme ­ Breast neoplasms
Key MeSH Headings - Carcinoma, Lobular, Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast, Breast Neoplasms, Male, Adenoma
Titles
A cluster of male breast cancer in office workers.
A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies of electric and magnetic fields and breast cancer in women and men.
Breast cancer, occupation, and exposure to electromagnetic fields among Swedish men.
Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art].
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats.
Effect of 13 week magnetic field exposures on DMBA-initiated mammary gland carcinomas in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
Electromagnetic field exposure and male breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 18 studies.
Epidemiology and aetiological factors of male breast cancer: a ten years retrospective study in eastern Turkey.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Magnetic fields and breast cancer in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines.
Magnetic fields and mammary cancer in rodents: a critical review and evaluation of published literature.
Male breast tumors in railway engine drivers: investigation of 5 cases].
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in relation to male breast cancer and testicular cancer: a Swedish case-control study.
Risk for leukaemia and brain and breast cancer among Danish utility workers: a second followup.
The relationship between electromagnetic field and light exposures to melatonin and breast cancer risk: a review of the relevant literature.

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FACTOR 8
Theme ­ Oxidative stress
Key MeSH Headings - Oxidative Stress, Malondialdehyde, Glutathione Peroxidase, Lipid Peroxidation, Reactive Oxygen Species, Apoptosis, DNA Damage, Nitric Oxide, Protein Carbonylation
Titles
14.6 mT ELF magnetic field exposure yields no DNA breaks in model system Salmonella, but provides evidence of heat stress protection.
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
1950MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells.
2.1 GHz electromagnetic field does not change contractility and intracellular Ca2+ transients but decreases beta-adrenergic responsiveness through nitric oxide signaling in rat ventricular myocytes.
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Learning and Spatial Memory via Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress Induced p53-Dependent/Independent Hippocampal Apoptosis: Molecular Basis and Underlying Mechanism.
2.45 GHz microwave radiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress mediated testicular apoptosis: Involvement of a p53 dependent bax-caspase-3 mediated pathway.
2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress.
2.45-Gz wireless devices induce oxidative stress and proliferation through cytosolic Ca(2)(+) influx in human leukemia cancer cells.
50 Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields enhance protein carbonyl groups content in cancer cells: effects on proteasomal systems.
50-Hertz electromagnetic fields induce gammaH2AX foci formation in mouse preimplantation embryos in vitro.
8-Oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine as a biomarker of DNA damage by mobile phone radiation.
8-oxoG DNA glycosylase-1 inhibition sensitizes Neuro-2a cells to oxidative DNA base damage induced by 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.

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900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.
900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C.
900-MHz microwave radiation enhances gamma-ray adverse effects on SHG44 cells.
900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain.
915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic field affect chromatin conformation and 53BP1 foci in human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.
A 700 MHz 1H-NMR study reveals apoptosis-like behavior in human K562 erythroleukemic cells exposed to a 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field.
A comparative analysis of the biological action of microwaves and laser radiation].
A critical review of the genotoxic potential of electric and magnetic fields.
A cross-sectional case control study on genetic damage in individuals residing in the vicinity of a mobile phone base station.
A cross-sectional study on oxidative stress in workers exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields.
A histopathological and biochemical evaluation of oxidative injury in the sciatic nerves of male rats exposed to a continuous 900-megahertz electromagnetic field throughout all periods of adolescence.
Acute exposure to 930 MHz CW electromagnetic radiation in vitro affects reactive oxygen species level in rat lymphocytes treated by iron ions.
Acute exposure to a 60 Hz magnetic field increases DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Adaptive response in mice exposed to 900 MHZ radiofrequency fields: bleomycin-induced DNA and oxidative damage/repair.
Adaptive response in mice exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency fields: primary DNA damage.
Adaptive response in mouse bone-marrow stromal cells exposed to 900-MHz radiofrequency fields: Gamma-radiation-induced DNA strand breaks and repair.
Adverse and beneficial effects in Chinese hamster lung fibroblast cells following radiofrequency exposure.
Age diseases depending on geomagnetic field activity inside the womb period].
Age-related effects on induction of DNA strand breaks by intermittent exposure to electromagnetic fields.
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An evaluation of genotoxicity in human neuronal-type cells subjected to oxidative stress under an extremely low frequency pulsed magnetic field.
An in vitro study of the effects of exposure to a GSM signal in two human cell lines: monocytic U937 and neuroblastoma SK-N-SH.
Analysis of proto-oncogene and heat-shock protein gene expression in human derived cell-lines exposed in vitro to an intermittent 1.9 GHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency field.
Antioxidants alleviate electric field-induced effects on lung tissue based on assays of heme oxygenase-1, protein carbonyl content, malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, and hydroxyproline.
Anxiety-like behavioural effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field in rats.
Apoptosis in haemopoietic progenitor cells exposed to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields.
Apoptosis induced by microwave radiation in pancreatic cancer JF305 cells.
Apoptosis induced by ultraviolet radiation is enhanced by amplitude modulated radiofrequency radiation in mutant yeast cells.
Apoptosis is induced by radiofrequency fields through the caspase-independent mitochondrial pathway in cortical neurons.
Apoptosis of Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cells Induced by Microwave via p53 and Proapoptotic Proteins In vivo.
Apoptotic cell death during Drosophila oogenesis is differentially increased by electromagnetic radiation depending on modulation, intensity and duration of exposure.
Assessment of biological changes of continuous whole body exposure to static magnetic field and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in mice.
Assessment of cytogenetic damage and oxidative stress in personnel occupationally exposed to the pulsed microwave radiation of marine radar equipment.
Assessment of DNA sensitivity in peripheral blood leukocytes after occupational exposure to microwave radiation: the alkaline comet assay and chromatid breakage assay.
Assessment of genetic damage in peripheral blood of human volunteers exposed (whole-body) to a 200 muT, 60 Hz magnetic field.
Assessment of genotoxicity and genomic instability in rat primary astrocytes exposed to 872 MHz radiofrequency radiation and chemicals.
Assessment of nuclear abnormalities in exfoliated cells from the oral epithelium of mobile phone users.
Assessment of oxidant/antioxidant status in saliva of cell phone users.
Association of microwaves and ionizing radiation: potentiation of teratogenic effects in the rat.

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Autoimmune processes after long-term low-level exposure to electromagnetic fields (the results of an experiment). Part 4. Manifestation of oxidative intracellular stress-reaction after long-term non-thermal EMF exposure of rats].
Biochemical and histological studies on adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on rat's brain.
Biochemical and pathological changes in the male rat kidney and bladder following exposure to continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field on postnatal days 22-59<sup/>.
Biochemical modifications and neuronal damage in brain of young and adult rats after long-term exposure to mobile phone radiations.
Bioeffects of microwave--a brief review.
Bioelectromagnetic field effects on cancer cells and mice tumors.
Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields: Two sides of a coin.
Biological responses of mobile phone frequency exposure.
Biological stress responses to radio frequency electromagnetic radiation: are mobile phones really so (heat) shocking?
Biophysical evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic field effects on male reproductive pattern.
Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields].
Calreticulin protects rat microvascular endothelial cells against microwave radiation-induced injury by attenuating endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Cell oxidation-reduction imbalance after modulated radiofrequency radiation.
Cell phone electromagnetic field radiations affect rhizogenesis through impairment of biochemical processes.
Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cell phones and cancer: what is the evidence for a connection?
Cell type-specific genotoxic effects of intermittent extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats].
Cellular effects of electromagnetic fields.
Changes in antioxidant capacity of blood due to mutual action of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) and opioid drug (tramadol) in animal model of persistent inflammatory state.

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Changes of apoptosis, mitochondrion membrane potential and Ca2+ of hypothalamic neurons induced by high power microwave].
Changes of rat testicular germ cell apoptosis after high power microwave radiation].
Chromosomal damage in human diploid fibroblasts by intermittent exposure to extremely lowfrequency electromagnetic fields.
Chronic exposure to 50Hz magnetic fields causes a significant weakening of antioxidant defence systems in aged rat brain.
Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation.
Combinative exposure effect of radio frequency signals from CDMA mobile phones and aphidicolin on DNA integrity.
Combined effects of 872 MHz radiofrequency radiation and ferrous chloride on reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
Combined exposure of ELF magnetic fields and x-rays increased mutant yields compared with xrays alone in pTN89 plasmids.
Comments on "Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes" by Schwarz et al. (Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2008: doi: 10.1007/s00420-008-0305-5).
Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human Mono Mac 6 cells to radiofrequency radiation.
Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent exposure to GSM-900MHz mobile phone radiation: Detection of apoptotic cell-death features.
Comparison of cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of plutonium-239 alpha particles and mobile phone GSM 900 radiation in the Allium cepa test.
Correction of microcirculatory disturbances with terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies in albino rats under conditions of acute stress.
Corrective effects of electromagnetic radiation in a millimeter wavelength range on the parameters of oxidative stress after standard anti-helicobacterial therapy in patients with ulcer disease].
Critical comments on DNA breakage by mobile-phone electromagnetic fields [Diem et al., Mutat. Res. 583 (2005) 178-183].
Cytogenetic effects of 18.0 and 16.5 GHz microwave radiation on human lymphocytes in vitro.
Cytogenetic effects of 935.2-MHz (GSM) microwaves alone and in combination with mitomycin C.

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Cytogenetic studies in human blood lymphocytes exposed in vitro to 2.45 GHz or 8.2 GHz radiofrequency radiation.
Cytogenetic studies in human cells exposed in vitro to GSM-900 MHz radiofrequency radiation using R-banded karyotyping.
Cytokines produced by microwave-radiated Sertoli cells interfere with spermatogenesis in rat testis.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic effect in RTG-2 cell line exposed to selected biocides used in the disinfection of cooling towers.
Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM 1800 MHz) on immature and mature rats.
Decreased DNA repair rates and protection from heat induced apoptosis mediated by electromagnetic field exposure.
Dependence of microwave effect on the secondary structure of DNA on molecular weight of polynucleotide].
Developmental effects of perinatal exposure to extremely weak 7 Hz magnetic fields and nitric oxide modulation in the Wistar albino rat.
Different methods for evaluating the effects of microwave radiation exposure on the nervous system.
Disordered redox metabolism of brain cells in rats exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation or UHF electromagnetic radiation.
DNA and chromosomal damage in response to intermittent extremely low-frequency magnetic fields.
DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells].
DNA damage in rat brain cells after in vivo exposure to 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation and various methods of euthanasia.
DNA damage induced in brain cells of CBA mice exposed to magnetic fields.
DNA damage, cell kinetics and ODC activities studied in CBA mice exposed to electromagnetic fields generated by transmission lines.
Do extremely low frequency magnetic fields enhance the effects of environmental carcinogens? A meta-analysis of experimental studies.
Do naturally occurring magnetic nanoparticles in the human body mediate increased risk of childhood leukaemia with EMF exposure?

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Does MW Radiation Affect Gene Expression, Apoptotic Level, and Cell Cycle Progression of Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells?
Does prolonged radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi devices induce DNA damage in various tissues of rats?
Drosophila oogenesis as a bio-marker responding to EMF sources.
Effect of 0.2 T static magnetic field on human neurons: remodeling and inhibition of signal transduction without genome instability.
Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice.
Effect of 3G cell phone exposure with computer controlled 2-D stepper motor on non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway in rat brain.
Effect of 7 mT static magnetic field and iron ions on rat lymphocytes: apoptosis, necrosis and free radical processes.
Effect of 900 MHz radio frequency radiation on beta amyloid protein, protein carbonyl, and malondialdehyde in the brain.
Effect of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on oxidative stress in rat brain and serum.
Effect of 900-, 1800-, and 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on DNA and oxidative stress in brain.
Effect of 950 MHz UHF electromagnetic radiation on biomarkers of oxidative damage, metabolism of UFA and antioxidants in the livers of young rats of different ages.
Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro].
Effect of American Ginseng Capsule on the liver oxidative injury and the Nrf2 protein expression in rats exposed by electromagnetic radiation of frequency of cell phone].
Effect of coexposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields and an aneugen on human lymphocytes, determined by the cytokinesis block micronucleus assay.
Effect of continuous irradiation with terahertz electromagnetic waves of the NO frequency range on behavioral reactions of male albino rats under stress conditions.
Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) and the level of malonyldialdehyde (MDA)--in vitro study].
Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1)--in vitro researches].
Effect of electromagnetic microwave radiation on the growth of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma.

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Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats.
Effect of exposure to the edge signal on oxidative stress in brain cell models.
Effect of extremely low frequency magnetic field on antioxidant activity in plasma and red blood cells in spot welders.
Effect of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on antioxidant activity in the human keratinocyte cell line NCTC 2544.
Effect of GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms on Genetic Damage in Humans Populations Exposed to Radiation From Mobile Towers.
Effect of handportable mobiletelephone microwave radiation on rat central neuron apoptosis].
Effect of intermittent and continuous exposure to electromagnetic fields on cultured hippocampal cells.
Effect of long-term power frequency electromagnetic field exposure on proliferation and apoptosis of SRA01/04 cells].
Effect of low level microwave radiation exposure on cognitive function and oxidative stress in rats.
Effect of Low Level Subchronic Microwave Radiation on Rat Brain.
Effect of microwave radiation on primary cultured Sertoli cells].
Effect of mobile phone exposure on apoptotic glial cells and status of oxidative stress in rat brain.
Effect of Mobile Phone Radiation on Cardiovascular Development of Chick Embryo.
Effect of mobile phones on micronucleus frequency in human exfoliated oral mucosal cells.
Effect of Modified Wuzi Yanzong Pill () on Tip60-Mediated Apoptosis in Testis of Male Rats after Microwave Radiation.
Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field with different frequencies on the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of human ovarian cancer cells].
Effect of Radiofrequency Radiation on Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells.
Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive health.
Effect of rosmarinic acid on sertoli cells apoptosis and serum antioxidant levels in rats after exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Effect of selenium pre-treatment on plasma antioxidant vitamins A (retinol) and E (alphatocopherol) in static magnetic field-exposed rats.

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Effect of static magnetic field on development toxicity of rat embryonic midbrain neurons cells].
Effect of superposed electromagnetic noise on DNA damage of lens epithelial cells induced by microwave radiation.
Effects of 10-GHz microwaves on hematological parameters in Swiss albino mice and their modulation by Prunus avium.
Effects of 1800 MHz RF-EMF exposure on DNA damage and cellular functions in primary cultured neurogenic cells.
Effects of 2,450 MHz microwave on DNA damage induced by three chemical mutagens in vitro].
Effects of 2.45 GHz electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on bacterial and HPRT gene mutations.
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave exposures on the peroxidation status in Wistar rats.
Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on the histology, apoptosis, and expression of c-Fos and beta-catenin on the livers of preincubated white Leghorn chicken embryos.
Effects of 50-Hz magnetic field exposure on hormone secretion and apoptosis-related gene expression in human first trimester villous trophoblasts in vitro.
Effects of 60 Hz electromagnetic field exposure on testicular germ cell apoptosis in mice.
Effects of 60-Hz fields, estradiol and xenoestrogens on human breast cancer cells.
Effects of 837 and 1950 MHz radiofrequency radiation exposure alone or combined on oxidative stress in MCF10A cells.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic fields exposure throughout middle/late adolescence on the kidney morphology and biochemistry of the female rat.
Effects of acute electromagnetic field exposure and movement restraint on antioxidant system in liver, heart, kidney and plasma of Wistar rats: a preliminary report.
Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes.
Effects of aluminum and extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation on oxidative stress and memory in brain of mice.
Effects of broad band electromagnetic fields on HSP70 expression and ischemia-reperfusion in rat hearts.

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Effects of cell phone radiation on lipid peroxidation, glutathione and nitric oxide levels in mouse brain during epileptic seizure.
Effects of centimeter waves on the immune system of mice in endotoxic shock].
Effects of chronic exposure to 950 MHz ultra-high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on reactive oxygen species metabolism in the right and left cerebral cortex of young rats of different ages.
Effects of co-exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and benzene or benzene metabolites determined in vitro by the alkaline comet assay.
Effects of dietary green tea polyphenol supplementation on the health of workers exposed to high-voltage power lines.
Effects of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the oxidant and antioxidant status of rats.
Effects of electromagnetic pulses on apoptosis and TGF-beta3 expression of mouse testis tissue].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on morphology and TGF-beta3 expression in mouse testicular tissue.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation on RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway in rats hippocampus].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation produced by 3G mobile phones on rat brains: magnetic resonance spectroscopy, biochemical, and histopathological evaluation.
Effects of exposure to 2100MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats.
Effects of exposure to 50 Hz electric field at different strengths on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in the brain tissue of guinea pigs.
Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field and its combination with lead on the antioxidant system in mouse].
Effects of extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields on morphological and biochemical properties of human breast carcinoma cells (T47D).
Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on DNA damage in Chinese hamster lung cells].
Effects of high power microwave on the expressions of Bcl-2 and C-myc proteins in the rat testis].

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Effects of in vitro exposure to power frequency magnetic fields on UV-induced DNA damage of rat lymphocytes.
Effects of long-term 50Hz power-line frequency electromagnetic field on cell behavior in Balb/c 3T3 cells.
Effects of Long-Term Exposure to 60 GHz Millimeter-Wavelength Radiation on the Genotoxicity and Heat Shock Protein (Hsp) Expression of Cells Derived from Human Eye.
Effects of Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field on Oxidative Stress in Selected Structures of the Central Nervous System.
Effects of low-intensity ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic radiation on inflammatory processes.
Effects of melatonin on Wi-Fi-induced oxidative stress in lens of rats.
Effects of microwave radiation on lipid peroxidation and the content of neurotransmitters in mice].
Effects of microwave radiation on thymocytes in mice at different power densities].
Effects of microwaves (950 MHZ mobile phone) on morphometric and apoptotic changes of rabbit epididymis.
Effects of mobile phone exposure on metabolomics in the male and female reproductive systems.
Effects of mobile phone radiation (900 MHz radiofrequency) on structure and functions of rat brain.
Effects of mobile phone use on brain tissue from the rat and a possible protective role of vitamin C - a preliminary study.
Effects of mobile phones on oxidant/antioxidant balance in cornea and lens of rats.
Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure of Wi-Fi on development of teeth and changes in teeth element concentration in rats. [corrected].
Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to GSM-like radiofrequency on blood chemistry and oxidative stress in infant rabbits, an experimental study.
Effects of prenatal exposure to WIFI signal (2.45GHz) on postnatal development and behavior in rat: Influence of maternal restraint.
Effects of pulsed 2.856 GHz microwave exposure on BM-MSCs isolated from C57BL/6 mice.
Effects of pulsed electric fields on DNA of human lymphocytes.
Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cartilage apoptosis signalling pathways in ovariectomised rats.

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Effects of pulsed magnetic field treatment of soybean seeds on calli growth, cell damage, and biochemical changes under salt stress.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.
Effects of sinusoidal electromagnetic fields on histopathology and structures of brains of preincubated white Leghorn chicken embryos.
Effects of static magnetic field and cadmium on oxidative stress and DNA damage in rat cortex brain and hippocampus.
Effects of the ELF-MFs on the development of spleens of preincubated chicken embryos.
Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature.
Effects of third generation mobile phone-emitted electromagnetic radiation on oxidative stress parameters in eye tissue and blood of rats.
Effects on protein kinase C and gene expression in a human mast cell line, HMC-1, following microwave exposure.
Electric and/or magnetic field effects on DNA structure and function in cultured human cells.
Electromagnetic fields and health: DNA-based dosimetry.
Electromagnetic fields at a mobile phone frequency (900 MHz) trigger the onset of general stress response along with DNA modifications in Eisenia fetida earthworms.
Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multichaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells.
Electromagnetic fields may act directly on DNA.
Electromagnetic fields may act via calcineurin inhibition to suppress immunity, thereby increasing risk for opportunistic infection: Conceivable mechanisms of action.
Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells.
Electromagnetic pulse activated brain microglia via the p38 MAPK pathway.
Electromagnetic pulse exposure induces overexpression of beta amyloid protein in rats.
Electromagnetic radiation (Wi-Fi) and epilepsy induce calcium entry and apoptosis through activation of TRPV1 channel in hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Electromagnetic radiation 2450 MHz exposure causes cognition deficit with mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in rats.
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Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.
Electromagnetic wave emitting products and "Kikoh" potentiate human leukocyte functions.
Electromagnetic wave irradiation promotes osteoblastic cell proliferation and up-regulates growth factors via activation of the ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK pathways.
Enhanced cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of gadolinium following ELF-EMF irradiation in human lymphocytes.
Epinephrine, DNA integrity and oxidative stress in workers exposed to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) at 132 kV substations.
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Evaluating the combinative effects on human lymphocyte DNA damage induced by ultraviolet ray C plus 1.8 GHz microwaves using comet assay in vitro.
Evaluation of basal DNA damage and oxidative stress in Wistar rat leukocytes after exposure to microwave radiation.
Evaluation of DNA damage in spinal cord and mutagenic effect of a Phalpha1beta recombinant toxin with analgesic properties from the Phoneutria nigriventer spider.
Evaluation of genotoxic and/or co-genotoxic effects in cells exposed in vitro to extremely-low frequency electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human fibroblasts after intermittent exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields: a confirmatory study.
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human leukocytes after in vitro exposure to 1950 MHz UMTS radiofrequency field.
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human peripheral blood leukocytes following an acute in vitro exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency fields.
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in male Wistar rats following microwave exposure.
Evaluation of hormonal change, biochemical parameters, and histopathological status of uterus in rats exposed to 50-Hz electromagnetic field.
Evaluation of HSP70 expression and DNA damage in cells of a human trophoblast cell line exposed to 1.8 GHz amplitude-modulated radiofrequency fields.
Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation.
Evaluation of selected biochemical parameters in the saliva of young males using mobile phones.

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Evaluation of the cytogenotoxic damage in immature and mature rats exposed to 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Evaluation of the effects of mobile phones on the neural tube development of chick embryos.
Evaluation of the potential of mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields (UMTS) to produce micronuclei in human glioblastoma cell lines.
Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Examination of electric field effects on tissues by using back propagation neural network.
Exposure of magnetic bacteria to simulated mobile phone-type RF radiation has no impact on mortality.
Exposure of mammalian cells to 60-Hz magnetic or electric fields: analysis for DNA singlestrand breaks.
Exposure of rat brain to 915 MHz GSM microwaves induces changes in gene expression but not double stranded DNA breaks or effects on chromatin conformation.
Exposure to 1.8 GHz electromagnetic fields affects morphology, DNA-related Raman spectra and mitochondrial functions in human lympho-monocytes.
Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation induces oxidative DNA base damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line.
Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA in primary cultured neurons.
Exposure to 1950-MHz TD-SCDMA electromagnetic fields affects the apoptosis of astrocytes via caspase-3-dependent pathway.
Exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field induces an unbalance between pro-apoptotic and pro-survival signals in T-lymphoblastoid leukemia CCRF-CEM cells.
Exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces caspase 3 activation in proliferating human lymphocytes.
Exposure to acute electromagnetic radiation of mobile phone exposure range alters transiently skin homeostasis of a model of pigmented reconstructed epidermis.
Exposure to cell phone radiation up-regulates apoptosis genes in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes.
Exposure to GSM 900-MHz mobile radiation impaired inhibitory avoidance memory consolidation in rat: Involvements of opioidergic and nitrergic systems.

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Exposure to mobile phone (900-1800 MHz) during pregnancy: tissue oxidative stress after childbirth.
Exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic field radiation, ringtone and vibration affects anxietylike behaviour and oxidative stress biomarkers in albino wistar rats.
Exposure to non-ionizing electromagnetic fields emitted from mobile phones induced DNA damage in human ear canal hair follicle cells.
Exposure to radiation from single or combined radio frequencies provokes macrophage dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 cell line.
Exposure to radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress in duckweed Lemna minor L.
Exposure to static magnetic field of pregnant rats induces hepatic GSH elevation but not oxidative DNA damage in liver and kidney.
Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and apoptosis: a review.
Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields enhance chemically induced formation of apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites in A172 cells.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field reduces oxidative stress during the rehabilitation of post-acute stroke patients.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation enhanced energy metabolism and induced oxidative stress in Caenorhabditis elegans].
Extremely low frequency magnetic field induces hyperalgesia in mice modulated by nitric oxide synthesis.
Extremely low-frequency magnetic fields modulate nitric oxide signaling in rat brain.
From the Cover: 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress Mechanism-Induced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling.
Gene expression and reproductive abilities of male Drosophila melanogaster subjected to ELFEMF exposure.
Gene expression changes in the skin of rats induced by prolonged 35 GHz millimeter-wave exposure.
Genetic damage in human cells exposed to non-ionizing radiofrequency fields: a meta-analysis of the data from 88 publications (1990-2011).
Genetic damage in humans exposed to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Genetic damage in mammalian somatic cells exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: a meta-analysis of data from 87 publications (1990-2007).

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Genetic damage in mammalian somatic cells exposed to radiofrequency radiation: a metaanalysis of data from 63 publications (1990-2005).
Genetic damage in subjects exposed to radiofrequency radiation.
Genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields.
Genotoxic Effects in Human Fibroblasts Exposed to Microwave Radiation.
Genotoxicity evaluation of electromagnetic fields generated by 835-MHz mobile phone frequency band.
Genotoxicity of radiofrequency signals. I. Investigation of DNA damage and micronuclei induction in cultured human blood cells.
Ginkgo biloba prevents mobile phone-induced oxidative stress in rat brain.
GSM base station electromagnetic radiation and oxidative stress in rats.
GSM-like radiofrequency exposure induces apoptosis via caspase-dependent pathway in infant rabbits.
Hematological and toxicogenomic effects of ferromagnetic screening of natural electromagnetic fields.
Histological and histochemical study of the protective role of rosemary extract against harmful effect of cell phone electromagnetic radiation on the parotid glands.
Human fibroblasts and 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation: evaluation of DNA damage after exposure and co-exposure to 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5h)-furanone (MX).
Human health consequences of environmentally-modulated gene expression: potential roles of ELF-EMF induced epigenetic versus mutagenic mechanisms of disease.
Human mesenchymal stem cells are sensitive to abnormal gravity and exhibit classic apoptotic features.
Human skin cell stress response to GSM-900 mobile phone signals. In vitro study on isolated primary cells and reconstructed epidermis.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
Immunomodulating action of low intensity millimeter waves on primed neutrophils.
Impact of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the testicular inflammatory pathway biomarkers in young rats: The role of gallic acid.
Impact of cell phone radiation on male reproduction].
Impact of electromagnetic radiation emitted by monitors on changes in the cellular membrane structure and protective antioxidant effect of vitamin A - In vitro study.
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Impact of microwave at X-band in the aetiology of male infertility.
Impact of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation on DNA integrity in the male germline.
Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations.
Impacts of exposure to 900 MHz mobile phone radiation on liver function in rats.
Importance of DNA fragmentation in apoptosis with regard to TUNEL specificity.
In vitro free radical scavenging activities and effect of synthetic oligosaccharides on antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in aged mice.
In vitro non-thermal oxidative stress response after 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation.
Increased apoptosis, changes in intracellular Ca2+, and functional alterations in lymphocytes and macrophages after in vitro exposure to static magnetic field.
Induction of adaptive response in mice exposed to 900MHz radiofrequency fields: application of micronucleus assay.
Induction of apoptotic cell death in human leukemic cell line, HL-60, by extremely low frequency electric magnetic fields: analysis of the possible mechanisms in vitro.
Induction of DNA strand breaks by intermittent exposure to extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields in human diploid fibroblasts.
Influence of 1.8 GHz microwave on DNA damage induced by 4 chemical mutagens].
Influence of 1.8 GHz microwave on DNA damage induced by ultraviolet C ray].
Influence of 1.8-GHz (GSM) radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on DNA damage and repair induced by X-rays in human leukocytes in vitro.
Influence of 900 MHz frequency electromagnetic radiation on some blood indices].
Influence of a static magnetic field (250 mT) on the antioxidant response and DNA integrity in THP1 cells.
Influence of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) on lipid peroxidation in brain, blood, liver and kidney in rats.
Influence of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field on antioxidative melatonin properties in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma culture.
Influence of high-frequency electromagnetic fields on different modes of cell death and gene expression.
Influence of low magnetic field on lipid peroxidation].
Influence of microwave exposure on fertility of male rats.

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Influence of microwaves on different types of receptors and the role of peroxidation of lipids on receptor-protein shedding.
Inhibition by Egb761 of the effect of cellphone radiation on the male reproductive system.
Inhibitory effect of microwave radiation on proliferation of human pancreatic cancer JF305 cells and its mechanism].
Intermittent extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields cause DNA damage in a dosedependent way.
Investigation of co-genotoxic effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in vivo.
Investigation of potential genotoxic effects of low frequency electromagnetic fields on Escherichia coli.
Investigation of the effects of 2.1 GHz microwave radiation on mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim), apoptotic activity and cell viability in human breast fibroblast cells.
Investigation of the effects of distance from sources on apoptosis, oxidative stress and cytosolic calcium accumulation via TRPV1 channels induced by mobile phones and Wi-Fi in breast cancer cells.
Is human saliva an indicator of the adverse health effects of using mobile phones?
Lasting hepatotoxic effects of prenatal mobile phone exposure.
Lipid peroxide damage in retinal ganglion cells induced by microwave].
Liver antioxidant stores protect the brain from electromagnetic radiation (900 and 1800 MHz)induced oxidative stress in rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.
Local vasodilator response to mobile phones.
Long term exposure to cell phone frequencies (900 and 1800 MHz) induces apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress and TRPV1 channel activation in the hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring.
Loss of transforming activity of plasmid DNA (pBR322) in E. coli caused by singlet molecular oxygen.
Low intensity and frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields selectively impair breast cancer cell viability.
Low intensity microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, inflammatory response and DNA damage in rat brain.

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Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells.
Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Exposure Enhances Extracellular Trap Formation by Human Neutrophils through the NADPH Pathway.
Low-intensity electromagnetic fields induce human cryptochrome to modulate intracellular reactive oxygen species.
Magnetic-field-induced DNA strand breaks in brain cells of the rat.
Measurement of DNA damage after acute exposure to pulsed-wave 2450 MHz microwaves in rat brain cells by two alkaline comet assay methods.
Measurement of DNA damage after exposure to 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation.
Measurement of DNA damage after exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the cellular phone communication frequency band (835.62 and 847.74 MHz).
Measurement of DNA damage and apoptosis in Molt-4 cells after in vitro exposure to radiofrequency radiation.
Measurement of the 100MHz EMF radiation in vivo effects on zebrafish D. rerio embryonic development: A multidisciplinary study.
Measurements of alkali-labile DNA damage and protein-DNA crosslinks after 2450 MHz microwave and low-dose gamma irradiation in vitro.
Mechanism of short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequencies.
Mechanisms of electromagnetic radiation damaging male reproduction].
Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
Melatonin modulates 900 Mhz microwave-induced lipid peroxidation changes in rat brain.
Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Melatonin reduces oxidative stress induced by chronic exposure of microwave radiation from mobile phones in rat brain.
Metabolic changes in cells under electromagnetic radiation of mobile communication systems].
Microwave absorption by magnetite: a possible mechanism for coupling nonthermal levels of radiation to biological systems.
Microwave effects on plasmid DNA.

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Microwave electromagnetic field regulates gene expression in T-lymphoblastoid leukemia CCRF-CEM cell line exposed to 900 MHz.
Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats.
Microwave exposure of neuronal cells in vitro: Study of apoptosis.
Microwave induces apoptosis in A549 human lung carcinoma cell line.
Microwave radiation (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress: Whole-body exposure effect on histopathology of Wistar rats.
Microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, cognitive impairment and inflammation in brain of Fischer rats.
Microwave radiation induces injury to GC-2spd cells].
Microwave-induced Apoptosis and Cytotoxicity of NK Cells through ERK1/2 Signaling.
Mitochondrial DNA damage and oxidative damage in HL-60 cells exposed to 900MHz radiofrequency fields.
Mitochondrial hyperpolarization and cytochrome-c release in microwave-exposed MCF-7 cells.
Mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity.
Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin.
Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro.
Mobile phone radiation-induced free radical damage in the liver is inhibited by the antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine and epigallocatechin-gallate.
Mobile phone signal exposure triggers a hormesis-like effect in Atm(+/+) and Atm(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts.
Mobile phone specific electromagnetic fields induce transient DNA damage and nucleotide excision repair in serum-deprived human glioblastoma cells.
Mobile phone usage and male infertility in Wistar rats.
Mobile phones, heat shock proteins and cancer.
Mobile-phone radiation-induced perturbation of gene-expression profiling, redox equilibrium and sporadic-apoptosis control in the ovary of Drosophila melanogaster.
Modulation of cell death in the rat thymus. Light and electron microscopic investigations.

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Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin.
Morphological and antioxidant impairments in the spinal cord of male offspring rats following exposure to a continuous 900MHz electromagnetic field during early and mid-adolescence.
Mutagenic response of 2.45 GHz radiation exposure on rat brain.
Neural cell apoptosis induced by microwave exposure through mitochondria-dependent caspase3 pathway.
Neurodegenerative changes and apoptosis induced by intrauterine and extrauterine exposure of radiofrequency radiation.
Neuroprotective effects of lotus seedpod procyanidins on extremely low frequency electromagnetic field-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultured hippocampal neurons.
Non-thermal bioeffects of static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields].
Non-thermal cellular effects of lowpower microwave radiation on the lens and lens epithelial cells.
Non-thermal DNA breakage by mobile-phone radiation (1800 MHz) in human fibroblasts and in transformed GFSH-R17 rat granulosa cells in vitro.
Non-thermal effects of 2.45 GHz microwaves on spindle assembly, mitotic cells and viability of Chinese hamster V-79 cells.
Non-thermal effects of continuous 2.45 GHz microwaves on Fas-induced apoptosis in human Jurkat T-cell line.
Normal doses of visible light can cause mutations in skin].
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative and mutagenic effects of low intensity GSM 1800 MHz microwave radiation.
Oxidative changes and apoptosis induced by 1800-MHz electromagnetic radiation in NIH/3T3 cells.
Oxidative DNA damage in rats exposed to extremely low frequency electro magnetic fields.
Oxidative effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field and radio frequency radiation on testes tissues of diabetic and healthy rats.
Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative stress and prevention of the adaptive response to chronic iron overload in the brain of young adult rats exposed to a 150 kilohertz electromagnetic field.

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Oxidative stress effects on the central nervous system of rats after acute exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields.
Oxidative stress-mediated alterations on sperm parameters in male Wistar rats exposed to 3G mobile phone radiation.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.
p25/CDK5 is partially involved in neuronal injury induced by radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure.
PARAMETERS OF SPERMATOGENESIS IN MEN EXPOSED TO DIFFICULT ENVIRONMENTS].
Pathological effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat kidney.
Pathological Findings Observed in the Kidneys of Postnatal Male Rats Exposed to the 2100 MHz Electromagnetic Field.
Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system.
Pernicious effects of long-term, continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field throughout adolescence on hippocampus morphology, biochemistry and pyramidal neuron numbers in 60day-old Sprague Dawley male rats.
Post-continuous whole body exposure of rabbits to 650 MHz electromagnetic fields: effects on liver, spleen, and brain.
Postnatal development and behavior effects of in-utero exposure of rats to radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional WiFi devices.
Preliminary evaluation of nanoscale biogenic magnetite-based ferromagnetic transduction mechanisms for mobile phone bioeffects.
Prevalence of nuclear cataract in Swiss veal calves and its possible association with mobile telephone antenna base stations.
Pro- and antioxidant effect of electromagnetic fields of extremely high frequency (460 MHz) on brain tissues in experiment].
Proliferation and apoptosis in a neuroblastoma cell line exposed to 900 MHz modulated radiofrequency field.
Propagation of electromagnetic radiation in mitochondria?
Protective effect of Liuweidihuang Pills against cellphone electromagnetic radiation-induced histomorphological abnormality, oxidative injury, and cell apoptosis in rat testes].

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Protective effect of melatonin and vitamin E against prooxidative action of iron ions and static magnetic field].
Protective effects of beta-glucan against oxidative injury induced by 2.45-GHz electromagnetic radiation in the skin tissue of rats.
Protective effects of Genistein on human renal tubular epithelial cells damage of microwave radiation].
Protective effects of luteolin on rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Protein oxidation under extremely low frequency electric field in guinea pigs. Effect of N-acetylL-cysteine treatment.
Pulse modulated 900 MHz radiation induces hypothyroidism and apoptosis in thyroid cells: a light, electron microscopy and immunohistochemical study.
Pulse-modulated Electromagnetic Radiation of Extremely High Frequencies Protects Cellular DNA against Damaging Effect of Physico-Chemical Factors in vitro].
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation Promotes Anti-cell Proliferative Activity in Doxorubicin-treated Mouse Osteosarcoma Cells.
Pulsed electromagnetic fields accelerate apoptotic rate in osteoclasts.
Pulsed or continuous electromagnetic field induce p53/p21-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in mouse spermatogenic cells in vitro and thus may affect male fertility.
Purkinje cell number decreases in the adult female rat cerebellum following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Quality Matters: Systematic Analysis of Endpoints Related to "Cellular Life" in Vitro Data of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Field Exposure.
Radiation protection and possible mechanisms for low intensity microwave].
Radiations and male fertility.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
Radiofrequency (microwave) radiation exposure of mammalian cells during UV-induced DNA repair synthesis.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation exposure effects on amygdala morphology, place preference behavior and brain caspase-3 activity in rats.

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Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from cell phone causes defective testicular function in male Wistar rats.
Radiofrequency exposure and mammalian cell toxicity, genotoxicity, and transformation.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz) induces Egr-1 gene expression and affects cell-cycle control in human neuroblastoma cells.
Radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in testicular germ cells in swiss albino mice.
Radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) causes impaired insulin secretion and increased oxidative stress in rat pancreatic islets.
Radioprotective effects of honeybee venom (Apis mellifera) against 915-MHz microwave radiation-induced DNA damage in wistar rat lymphocytes: in vitro study.
RAPD Profiling, DNA Fragmentation, and Histomorphometric Examination in Brains of Wistar Rats Exposed to Indoor 2.5 Ghz Wi-Fi Devices Radiation.
Reactive oxygen species elevation and recovery in Drosophila bodies and ovaries following short-term and long-term exposure to DECT base EMF.
Reactive oxygen species formation and apoptosis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cell induced by 900 MHz mobile phone radiation.
Reactive oxygen species levels and DNA fragmentation on astrocytes in primary culture after acute exposure to low intensity microwave electromagnetic field.
Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health.
Recent advances in the effects of microwave radiation on brains.
Recent reports of Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced radiation on oxidative stress and reproductive signaling pathways in females and males.
Relationship between activation of microglia and Jaks phosphorylation induced by microwave irradiation].
Response of Caenorhabditis elegans to wireless devices radiation exposure.
Resveratrol may reverse the effects of long-term occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields on workers of a power plant.
RKIP Regulates Neural Cell Apoptosis Induced by Exposure to Microwave Radiation Partly Through the MEK/ERK/CREB Pathway.
Role of melatonin on electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress and Ca2+ signaling molecular pathways in breast cancer.

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Role of Mitochondria in the Oxidative Stress Induced by Electromagnetic Fields: Focus on Reproductive Systems.
Role of radical pairs and feedback in weak radio frequency field effects on biological systems.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism for studying the carcinogenicity of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields and radiation].
Searching for the perfect wave: the effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on cells.
Selenium reduces mobile phone (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced oxidative stress in the HEK293 cells.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates static magnetic field-induced disorders in antioxidant status in rat tissues.
Sensitivity of spiral ganglion neurons to damage caused by mobile phone electromagnetic radiation will increase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro model.
Short-term exposure to 50 Hz ELF-EMF alters the cisplatin-induced oxidative response in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma cells.
Single strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells exposed to microwave radiation.
Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Static magnetic field affects oxidative stress in mouse cochlea.
Studies on the injury effects of hippocampus induced by high power microwave radiation in rat].
Study of low-intensity 2450-MHz microwave exposure enhancing the genotoxic effects of mitomycin C using micronucleus test and comet assay in vitro.
Study of p53 expression and post-transcriptional modifications after GSM-900 radiofrequency exposure of human amniotic cells.
Studying the protein expression in human B lymphoblastoid cells exposed to 1.8-GHz (GSM) radiofrequency radiation (RFR) with protein microarray.
Synergism between electricity and ionizing radiation.
Ten gigahertz microwave radiation impairs spatial memory, enzymes activity, and histopathology of developing mice brain.
Teratogenic effect of broad-band electromagnetic field on neonatal mice (Mus musculus).
Testicular apoptosis and histopathological changes induced by a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field.

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The 2100MHz radiofrequency radiation of a 3G-mobile phone and the DNA oxidative damage in brain.
The activity of prooxidant-antioxidant system in loach embryos under the action of microwave radiation].
The amelioration of phagocytic ability in microglial cells by curcumin through the inhibition of EMF-induced pro-inflammatory responses.
The antioxidant effect of Green Tea Mega EGCG against electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress in the hippocampus and striatum of rats.
The apoptotic effect and the plausible mechanism of microwave radiation on rat myocardial cells.
The cardiac injury effect of microwave radiation on rabbit and its mechanism].
The effect of 50 hz magnetic field of different shape on oxygen metabolism in blood platelets: in vitro studies.
The effect of decimeter waves on the metabolism of the myocardium and its hormonal regulation in rabbits with experimental ischemia].
The effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the formation of DNA lesions.
The effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the formation of DNA single strand breaks in human cells.
The effect of electromagnetic field on reactive oxygen species production in human neutrophils in vitro.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the rat brain: an experimental study.
The effect of electromagnetic waves of very high frequency of molecular spectra of radiation and absorption of nitric oxide on the functional activity of platelets].
The effect of exposure of rats during prenatal period to radiation spreading from mobile phones on renal development.
The effect of melatonin on the liver of rats exposed to microwave radiation.
The effect of microwave irradiation on the peroxide modification of low density lipoproteins in human blood serum].
The effect of microwave radiation on the levels of MDA and the activity of SOD of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells].
The effect of microwaves on lipid peroxidation and on lipid and mineral metabolism in warmblooded animals (experimental research)].

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The effect of prenatal exposure to 1800 MHz electromagnetic field on calcineurin and bone development in rats.
The effect of prenatal exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-old-day rat testicle.
The effect of radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in female and male infant rabbits.
The effect of radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in non-pregnant and pregnant rabbits and their newborns.
The effects of electromagnetic fields from power lines on avian reproductive biology and physiology: a review.
The effects of electromagnetic radiation (2450 MHz wireless devices) on the heart and blood tissue: role of melatonin.
The effects of exposure to electromagnetic field on rat myocardium.
The effects of long-term exposure to a 2450 MHz electromagnetic field on growth and pubertal development in female Wistar rats.
The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation.
The effects of mobile phones on apoptosis in cerebral tissue: an experimental study on rats.
The effects of N-acetylcysteine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on liver tissue protein oxidation and antioxidant enzyme levels after the exposure to radiofrequency radiation.
The effects of prenatal exposure to a 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat heart.
The effects of prenatal long-duration exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-dayold newborn male rat liver.
The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function.
The effects of simultaneous combined exposure to CDMA and WCDMA electromagnetic fields on rat testicular function.
The genotoxic effect of radiofrequency waves on mouse brain.
The impact of electromagnetic radiation (2.45 GHz, Wi-Fi) on the female reproductive system: The role of vitamin C.
The impact of electromagnetic radiation of different parameters on platelet oxygen metabolism in vitro studies.
The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on blood chemistry and oxidative stress in nonpregnant and pregnant rabbits.

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The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on hepatic oxidative DNA and lipid damage in nonpregnant, pregnant, and newly born rabbits.
The influence of microwave radiation from cellular phone on fetal rat brain.
The injury effects of microwave exposure on visual performance and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in rats].
The link between radiofrequencies emitted from wireless technologies and oxidative stress.
The pathogenesis of central nervous system functional disordersafter exposure to microwave radiation].
The physiopathological effects of quercetin on oxidative stress in radiation of 4.5 g mobile phone exposed liver tissue of rat.
The preventive effect of lotus seedpod procyanidins on cognitive impairment and oxidative damage induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure.
The prophylactic effect of vitamin C on oxidative stress indexes in rat eyes following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
The protective effect of autophagy on mouse spermatocyte derived cells exposure to 1800MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
The protective effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on oxidative stress in rat liver exposed to the 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
The protective effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on electric fieldinduced hepatic oxidative stress.
The repair of gamma-ray-induced chromosomal damage in human lymphocytes after exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields.
The role of chemical and physical factors in cancer development].
The role of electromagnetic fields in neurological disorders.
The role of heat shock proteins HSP90 in the response of immune cells to centimeter microwaves].
The role of zinc supplementation in the inhibition of tissue damage caused by exposure to electromagnetic field in rat lung and liver tissues.
The study of retinal ganglion cell apoptosis induced by different intensities of microwave irradiation.
The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field.
The use of millimeter wavelength electromagnetic waves in cardiology.

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Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats.
Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective.
Ultra-wideband pulses increase nitric oxide production by RAW 264.7 macrophages incubated in nitrate.
Upregulation of HIF-1alpha via activation of ERK and PI3K pathway mediated protective response to microwave-induced mitochondrial injury in neuron-like cells.
Use of terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies for the correction of thyroid functional state during stress].
Vitamin C protects rat cerebellum and encephalon from oxidative stress following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and mobile phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-induced risks on oxidative stress and elements in kidney and testis of rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.
Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health.
Zinc protective effects on pig retinal pigment epithelial cell damage of lipid peroxide induced by 2450 MHz microwave].
Zinc supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced lipid peroxidation in the rat brain.

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FACTOR 9
Theme ­ Neurodegenerative diseases
Key MeSH Headings - Parkinson Disease, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Alzheimer Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Motor Neuron Disease, Occupational Diseases, Dementia, Brain Diseases, Dementia, Vascular
Titles
5-HT contents change in peripheral blood of workers exposed to microwave and high frequency radiation].
60 Hertz magnetic field exposure assessment for an investigation of leukemia in telephone lineworkers.
A case-control study on the risk factors of Alzheimer's disease in military elderly men].
A cluster of male breast cancer in office workers.
A cognitive-behavioral treatment of patients suffering from "electric hypersensitivity". Subjective effects and reactions in a double-blind provocation study.
A literature review: the cardiovascular effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields.
A methodological approach to studying the values of 50-Hz electromagnetic fields that influence the workers of power enterprises].
A mortality study of electrical utility workers in Quebec.
A population-based cohort study of occupational exposure to magnetic fields and cardiovascular disease mortality.
A study on the biological effects of exposure mobile-phone frequency EMF].
Absenteeism and mortality of workers exposed to electromagnetic fields in the French Electricity Company.
Acute effects of ELF electromagnetic fields: a field study of linesmen working with 400 kV power lines.
Acute effects of pulsed microwaves and 3-nitropropionic acid on neuronal ultrastructure in the rat caudate-putamen.
Acute leukaemia in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Acute leukemia in electrical workers: a New Zealand case-control study.
Adult mortality from leukemia, brain cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and magnetic fields from power lines: a case-control study in Brazil.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and extremely-low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields: a study in the SOD-1 transgenic mouse model.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and environmental factors.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and exposure to metals and other occupational/environmental hazardous materials: state of the art].
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Occupational Exposures: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses.
An apparently incongruous exposure-response relationship resulting from the use of job description to assess magnetic field exposure.
Annals of conflicting results: looking back on electromagnetic field research.
Are occupational, hobby, or lifestyle exposures associated with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukaemia?
Are thyroid dysfunctions related to stress or microwave exposure (900 MHz)?
Assessment of cellular telephone and other radio frequency exposure for epidemiologic research.
Assessment of magnetic field exposures for a mortality study at a uranium enrichment plant.
ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO RADIO FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS].
Association between exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers in Quebec, Canada, and France.
Association between extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields occupations and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a meta-analysis.
Association between occupational exposure to power frequency electromagnetic fields and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a review.
Berkson error adjustment and other exposure surrogates in occupational case-control studies, with application to the Canadian INTEROCC study.
Biologic effects and health consequences of low and high (radio) frequency electromagnetic fields.
Biological effects on human health due to radiofrequency/microwave exposure: a synopsis of cohort studies.
Biological indicators in response to radiofrequency/microwave exposure.
Biophysical mechanisms of electromagnetic fields interaction and health effects].

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Brain cancer and occupational exposure to magnetic fields among men: results from a Canadian population-based case-control study. Breast cancer and electromagnetic fields--a review. Can exposure to a terrestrial trunked radio (TETRA)-like signal cause symptoms? A randomised double-blind provocation study. Cancer in the electric power industry. Cancer incidence among Norwegian airline pilots. Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes.
Cancer incidence and magnetic field exposure in industries using resistance welding in Sweden. Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art]. Cardiovascular diseases and the work environment. A critical review of the epidemiologic literature on nonchemical factors. Causes of death among Belgian professional military radar operators: a 37-year retrospective cohort study. Chromosome studies of personnel exposed to electromagnetic radiation at radar centers]. Clinical monitoring in areas of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields]. Clinical variants of the disease caused by exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields]. Cohort and nested case-control studies of hematopoietic cancers and brain cancer among electric utility workers. Computer screens and brain cancer. Contemporary state of hygienic regulation of electromagnetic fields and prospective harmonizing with foreign standards]. Criterial parameter of hygienic regulation for exposure to rarely repeated ultrashort electromagnetic impulses]. Current problems of nonionizing radiation. Dementia and occupational exposure to magnetic fields. Depression in high voltage power line workers. Description of persons with symptoms presumed to be caused by electricity or visual display units--oral aspects. Development and evaluation of a tool for retrospective exposure assessment of selected endocrine disrupting chemicals and EMF in the car manufacturing industry.
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Difficulties of expert testimony in microwave disease].
Ecological and hygienic studies of electromagnetic irradiation of navigation safety system in Eastern area of the Finnish Gulf].
Effect of electromagnetic radiation on T-lymphocyte subpopulations and immunoglobulin level in human blood serum after occupational exposure].
Effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure on in vitro models of neurodegenerative disease.
Effect of ultra high frequency electromagnetic waves and lead on the workers' health; phytotherapy of the disorders].
Effect of wide-band modulated electromagnetic fields on the workers of high-frequency telephone exchanges].
Effects of 60 Hz electromagnetic field exposure on APP695 transcription levels in differentiating human neuroblastoma cells.
Effects of exposure to microwaves: problems and perspectives.
Effects of exposure to very high frequency radiofrequency radiation on six antenna engineers in two separate incidents.
Electric and magnetic fields and health outcomes--an overview.
Electric and magnetic fields at power frequencies.
Electrical occupations and neurodegenerative disease: analysis of U.S. mortality data.
Electromagnetic field exposure and cancer: a review of epidemiologic evidence.
Electromagnetic interference of GSM mobile phones with the implantable deep brain stimulator, ITREL-III.
Electromagnetic pulse exposure induces overexpression of beta amyloid protein in rats.
Elevated risk of Alzheimer's disease among workers with likely electromagnetic field exposure.
EMF and health.
Environmental risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a population-based case-control study in Languedoc-Roussillon, France.
Epidemiologic studies of electric and magnetic fields and cancer: a case study of distortions by the media.
Epidemiologic studies of the effect of microwaves (neurophysiologic, hematologic and ophthalmologic aspects)].

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Epidemiological risk assessment of pathology development in occupational exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of occupational risk caused by exposure to electromagnetic rays].
Evaluation of various psychologic parameters in a group of workers occupationally exposed to radiofrequency].
Evaluation of vital activity of workers with obliterating diseases of lower extremities servicing electric transmission lines].
Exposure from occupational versus other sources.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of central nervous system diseases among employees at Danish electric companies].
Exposure to extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation: cardiovascular effects in humans.
Exposure to low-frequency electromagnetic fields--a health hazard?
Exposure to magnetic fields among electrical workers in relation to leukemia risk in Los Angeles County.
Exposure to VHF and UHF electromagnetic fields among workers employed in radio and TV broadcast centers. I. Assessment of exposure].
Exposure, health complaints and cognitive performance among employees of an MRI scanners manufacturing department.
Fifty Hertz electromagnetic field exposure stimulates secretion of beta-amyloid peptide in cultured human neuroglioma.
Follow-up of radio and telegraph operators with exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of breast cancer.
Future needs of occupational epidemiology of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: review and recommendations.
Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Reproductive-Age Female Operators of Plastic Welding Machines in Fuzhou, China.
Health effects of electromagnetic fields].
Health effects relevant to the setting of EMF exposure limits.
Health of workers exposed to electric fields.
Health problems among operators of plastic welding machines and exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.

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Health state and performance of operators in electric discharge facilities--sources of electromagnetic impulses].
HEALTH STATUS OF ELECTROTECHNICAL PERSONNEL EXPOSED TO THE COMBINED IMPACT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS OF 50 HZ AND CHEMICALS].
Health status of railway workers using magnetic powder flaw detectors]. Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic fields].
Hygienic assessment of working conditions and functional resistance in electric power station workers].
HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF WORKING CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYEES OF BROADCASTING CENTER].
Hygienic evaluation of work conditions for shielded compartments staff].
Hygienic optimization of the use of chemical protective means on railway transport]. Idiopathic environmental intolerance: 2 disabling entities to recognize].
Impact of electromagnetic fields on a computer user].
Incidence of breast cancer in a Norwegian cohort of women with potential workplace exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields.
Incidence of cancer among workers in Norwegian hydroelectric power companies.
Incidence of cancer in Norwegian workers potentially exposed to electromagnetic fields. Incidence of cancer in persons with occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields in Denmark.
Incidence of leukaemia and brain tumours in some "electrical occupations".
Increased incidence of cancer in a cohort of office workers exposed to strong magnetic fields.
Influence of power frequency electric and magnetic fields on human health. Interactions between occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and chemicals for brain tumour risk in the INTEROCC study. Interactive effect of chemical substances and occupational electromagnetic field exposure on the risk of gliomas and meningiomas in Swedish men.
Leukaemia, brain tumours and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: cohort study of Swiss railway employees.
Leukemia and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields: review of epidemiologic surveys.
Leukemia following occupational exposure to 60-Hz electric and magnetic fields among Ontario electric utility workers.

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Leukemia in electric utility workers: the evaluation of alternative indices of exposure to 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields.
Leukemia in telephone linemen.
Long term and excessive use of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation alter microRNA expression in brain. Low frequency electromagnetic fields in the working environment--exposure and health effects. Elevated risk of cancer, reproductive hazards or other unwanted health effects?]. Low-back pain among electric power supply workers and their attitude toward its prevention and the treatment.
Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers.
Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative diseases--recent epidemiological studies.
Magnetic field exposure in relation to leukemia and brain cancer mortality among electric utility workers.
Magnetic field exposure related to cancer subtypes. Magnetic field on the deranged accommodation of visual detector terminal operators].
Magnetic fields and brain tumour risks in UK electricity supply workers.
Magnetic fields and leukaemia risks in UK electricity supply workers.
Magnetic fields exposure from high-voltage power lines and risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in two Italian populations. Male breast tumors in railway engine drivers: investigation of 5 cases].
Microwave antigen retrieval of beta-amyloid precursor protein immunoreactivity.
Microwave sickness: a reappraisal.
Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study.
Modern concepts and methodology of means, methods of protection, and safety measures for servicemen affected by nonionizing radiation]. Mortality among workers in the geothermal power plants at Larderello, Italy.
Mortality from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, other chronic disorders, and electric shocks among utility workers.
Mortality from brain cancer and leukaemia among electrical workers.
Mortality from neurodegenerative disease and exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields: 31 years of observations on Swiss railway employees.

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Mortality of personnel operating electric power objects with 500 kV voltage].
Myeloid leukemias and myelodysplastic syndromes: chemical exposure, histologic subtype and cytogenetics in a case-control study.
Neurodegenerative disease and magnetic field exposure in UK electricity supply workers. Neurodegenerative diseases in welders and other workers exposed to high levels of magnetic fields.
Neurodegenerative diseases, suicide and depressive symptoms in relation to EMF.
Neurological effects of microwave exposure related to mobile communication.
Neurological effects of radiofrequency radiation.
News in occupational cancers]. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among electric utility workers in Ontario: the evaluation of alternate indices of exposure to 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields.
Non-ionizing radiation exposure causing ill-health and alopecia areata.
Novelties in hygienic evaluation of electromagnetic conditions on computerized workplaces].
Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany. Occupational assessment of computer placement in school areas].
Occupational electromagnetic field exposures associated with sleep quality: a cross-sectional study.
Occupational exposure and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in a prospective cohort.
Occupational exposure of healthcare and research staff to static magnetic stray fields from 1.5-7 Tesla MRI scanners is associated with reporting of transient symptoms.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic field and breast cancer risk in a large, populationbased, case-control study in the United States.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and Alzheimer disease. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and its health effects in electric energy workers].
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and sex-differential risk of uveal melanoma.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and the occurrence of brain tumors. An analysis of possible associations.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency (with particular regard to power plants) and the health status of workers, based on a literature review].

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Occupational exposure to extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields and Alzheimer disease: a meta-analysis.
Occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and risk of Alzheimer disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation and electromagnetic fields in relation to the risk of thyroid cancer in Sweden.
Occupational exposure to low frequency magnetic fields and dementia: a case-control study.
Occupational exposure to low frequency magnetic fields and the risk of low grade and high grade glioma.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases.
Occupational exposure to non-ionizing radiation and an association with heart disease: an exploratory study.
Occupational exposure to physical agents: the new Italian database for risk assessment and control.
Occupational exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Occupational exposures and brain cancer mortality: a preliminary study of east Texas residents.
Occupational Exposures and Neurodegenerative Diseases-A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses.
Occupational exposures and the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Occupational exposures obtained by questionnaire in clinical practice and their association with semen quality.
Occupational exposures to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and postmenopausal breast cancer.
Occupational factors of anxiety and depressive disorders in the French National Electricity and Gas Company. The Anxiety-Depression Group.
Occupational hazards for the male reproductive system.
Occupational health evaluation of electromagnetic fields in electric trains and subway technologic areas].
Occupational magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease.
Occupational magnetic field exposure and site-specific cancer incidence: a Swedish cohort study.
Occupational risk and its prophylaxis for female workers engaged in radio-electronic instrument industry].

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Occupational risk factors for acute leukaemia: a case-control study. Occupational risk factors for cancer of the central nervous system: a case-control study on death certificates from 24 U.S. states. Occupational risk factors in Alzheimer's disease: a review assessing the quality of published epidemiological studies. Occupational risks in grocery stores]. Occupations with exposure to electromagnetic fields: a possible risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Ocular medical surveillance on microwave and laser workers.
On prevention of a combined impact of electromagnetic radiation and climatic/weather factors on worker's organism]. On prevention of electromagnetic rays effects in workers exposed to extreme climate conditions]. On the microwave exposure. Optimization of methods for measurement and assessment of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields in physiotherapy (SW diathermy)]. Overview of epidemiologic research on electric and magnetic fields and cancer. Perspectives on health effects of electric and magnetic fields. Physical factors and stress]. Physicians appeals on the dangers of mobile communication--what is the evidence? Assessment of public health data. Prevalence of depression among electrical workers. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and related occupational causative factors among electricity linemen: A narrative review. Problem of studying influence of electric and magnetic fields on human health. Results and prospects].
Provocation of the electromagnetic distress syndrome. Radiofrequency (RF) sickness in the Lilienfeld Study: an effect of modulated microwaves? Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields; male infertility and sex ratio of offspring. Radiofrequency fields, transthyretin, and Alzheimer's disease. Relationship between amyloid beta protein and melatonin metabolite in a study of electric utility workers.
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Relationships between occupational history and serum concentrations of organochlorine compounds in exocrine pancreatic cancer.
Remote effects of occupational and non-occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of power-line frequency. Epidemiological studies].
Reports on electromagnetic field strength measurements issued for occupational health and safety needs in the opinion of radio communication station users].
Residence near power lines and mortality from neurodegenerative diseases: longitudinal study of the Swiss population.
Residential and occupational exposures to 50-Hz magnetic fields and breast cancer in women: a population-based study.
Residential distance to high-voltage power lines and risk of neurodegenerative diseases: a Danish population-based case-control study.
Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health.
Risk agents related to work and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: An occupational medicine focus.
Risk factors for Alzheimer disease: a population-based case-control study in Istanbul, Turkey.
Risk factors, health risks, and risk management for aircraft personnel and frequent flyers.
Risk for leukaemia and brain and breast cancer among Danish utility workers: a second followup.
Risk of severe cardiac arrhythmia in male utility workers: a nationwide danish cohort study.
Searching for the perfect wave: the effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on cells.
Setting prudent public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures.
Socioeconomic status, social mobility and cancer occurrence during working life: a case-control study among French electricity and gas workers.
State of peripheral blood of technical personnel exposed to constant magnetic fields].
Symptoms of the musculoskeletal system and exposure to magnetic fields in an aluminium plant.
Systematic analysis of the state of man exposed to radio wave irradiation for a long time].
The effect of various occupational exposures to microwave radiation on the concentrations of immunoglobulins and T lymphocyte subsets].
The evaluation of the consequences of electromagnetic irradiation of hands in operators of highfrequency welding devices].
The evaluation of the exposure of seamstresses to electromagnetic fields, emitted by sewing machines].

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The health problems of computer operators].
The possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of uveal melanoma.
The potential hazard for the development of leukemia from exposure to electromagnetic radiation (a review of the literature)].
The psychosocial work environment and skin symptoms among visual display terminal workers: a case referent study.
The strategy of targetted health surveillance. II. Genetically determined susceptibility to chemical substances and other issues related to health surveillance.
Trends in nonionizing electomagnetic radiation bioeffects research and related occupational health aspects.
Various psychological parameters in subjects occupationally exposed to radiofrequencies].
Work environment and cardiovascular diseases. A short review of the literature.
Work related etiology of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): a meta-analysis.

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FACTOR 10
Theme - Cerebrovascular disorders
Key MeSH Headings - Cerebrovascular Disorders, Dementia, Migraine Disorders, Tinnitus, Headache, Sleep Wake Disorders, Carotid Artery Diseases, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia, Vascular
Titles
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.
A case-control study on the risk factors of Alzheimer's disease in military elderly men].
A literature review of medical side effects from radio-frequency energy in the human environment: involving cancer, tumors, and problems of the central nervous system.
A study on the biological effects of exposure mobile-phone frequency EMF].
A survey study on some neurological symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
Association between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields assessed by dosimetry and acute symptoms in children and adolescents: a population based cross-sectional study.
Association between overuse of mobile phones on quality of sleep and general health among occupational health and safety students.
Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.
Association of tinnitus and electromagnetic hypersensitivity: hints for a shared pathophysiology?
Cell phones: modern man's nemesis?
Clinical features of headache associated with mobile phone use: a cross-sectional study in university students.
Cohort study on the effects of everyday life radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure on non-specific symptoms and tinnitus.
Dementia and occupational exposure to magnetic fields.
Do mobile phone base stations affect sleep of residents? Results from an experimental doubleblind sham-controlled field study.
Effect of stress and intesity of mobile phone using on the health and subjective symptoms in GSM workers].
Effects of 60 Hz electromagnetic field exposure on APP695 transcription levels in differentiating human neuroblastoma cells.

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Effects of Millimeter-Wave Electromagnetic Radiation on the Experimental Model of Migraine.
Effects of Sleep Quality on the Association between Problematic Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health Symptoms in Chinese College Students.
Electrical occupations and neurodegenerative disease: analysis of U.S. mortality data. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and subjective health complaints associated with electromagnetic fields of mobile phone communication--a literature review published between 2000 and 2004. Electromagnetic pulse exposure induces overexpression of beta amyloid protein in rats.
Elevated risk of Alzheimer's disease among workers with likely electromagnetic field exposure.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of central nervous system diseases among employees at Danish electric companies].
Fifty Hertz electromagnetic field exposure stimulates secretion of beta-amyloid peptide in cultured human neuroglioma.
Headache and sferics. Health of workers exposed to electric fields.
Individual variation in temporal relationships between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and non-specific physical symptoms: A new approach in studying 'electrosensitivity'.
Investigation of sleep disorders in the vicinity of high frequency transmitters].
Long term and excessive use of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation alter microRNA expression in brain.
Long-term and frequent cellular phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma. Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers.
Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative diseases--recent epidemiological studies.
Microwave antigen retrieval of beta-amyloid precursor protein immunoreactivity.
Microwave sickness: a reappraisal. Mobile communication: radiobiology problems and evaluation of danger].
Mobile phone headache: a double blind, sham-controlled provocation study.
Mobile phone use and health symptoms in children.
Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study.

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Mobile phone use and subjective symptoms. Comparison of symptoms experienced by users of analogue and digital mobile phones.
Mobile Phone Use and The Risk of Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Crosssectional Studies.
Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir.
Natural very-low-frequency sferics and headache.
Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Neurodegenerative diseases in welders and other workers exposed to high levels of magnetic fields.
Neurodegenerative diseases, suicide and depressive symptoms in relation to EMF.
Neurological changes induced by a mobile phone.
Non-specific physical symptoms and electromagnetic field exposure in the general population: can we get more specific? A systematic review.
Occupational electromagnetic field exposures associated with sleep quality: a cross-sectional study.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and Alzheimer disease.
Occupational exposure to extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields and Alzheimer disease: a meta-analysis.
Occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and risk of Alzheimer disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Occupational exposure to low frequency magnetic fields and dementia: a case-control study.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases.
Occupational Exposures and Neurodegenerative Diseases-A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analyses.
Occupational magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease.
Occupational risk factors in Alzheimer's disease: a review assessing the quality of published epidemiological studies.
Occupations with exposure to electromagnetic fields: a possible risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.
Physicians appeals on the dangers of mobile communication--what is the evidence? Assessment of public health data.

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Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use.
Prevalence of headache among handheld cellular telephone users in Singapore: a community study.
Psychological symptoms and intermittent hypertension following acute microwave exposure.
Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature].
Radiofrequency fields, transthyretin, and Alzheimer's disease.
Relationship between amyloid beta protein and melatonin metabolite in a study of electric utility workers.
Residence near power lines and mortality from neurodegenerative diseases: longitudinal study of the Swiss population.
Residential distance to high-voltage power lines and risk of neurodegenerative diseases: a Danish population-based case-control study.
Risk factors for Alzheimer disease: a population-based case-control study in Istanbul, Turkey.
Role of ultrasonic dopplerography in monitoring the effectiveness of treatment of patients who have sustained a stroke with decimeter-range electromagnetic waves].
Subjective symptoms related to mobile phone use--a pilot study].
Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations.
Survey of mobile phone use and their chronic effects on the hearing of a student population.
Symptom prevalence and worry about high voltage transmission lines.
Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base stations: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors].
Symptoms of ill health ascribed to electromagnetic field exposure--a questionnaire survey.
Symptoms reported by mobile cellular telephone users].
The association between use of mobile phones after lights out and sleep disturbances among Japanese adolescents: a nationwide cross-sectional survey.
The effects of 884 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on headache and other symptoms: an experimental provocation study.
The prevalence of symptoms attributed to electromagnetic field exposure: a cross-sectional representative survey in Switzerland.
The relationship between adolescents' well-being and their wireless phone use: a cross-sectional study.

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The risk of subjective symptoms in mobile phone users in Poland--an epidemiological study. The role of microwave radiometry in carotid artery disease. Diagnostic and clinical prospective. Time-dependent hematological changes in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields. Tinnitus and cell phones: the role of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation. Tinnitus and mobile phone use.

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FACTOR 11
Theme - Congenital abnormalities and glandular-based tumors
Key MeSH Headings - Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Fibroadenoma, Adenoma, Calcification, Physiologic, Mammary Neoplasms, Animal, Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental, Adenocarcinoma
Titles
A histopathological study on alterations in DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats with 50 Hz, 100 muT magnetic field exposure.
Acceleration of mammary tumorigenesis by exposure of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-treated female rats in a 50-Hz, 100-microT magnetic field: replication study.
Are microwaves a co-teratogen? Experimental model concept and its verification].
Bioelectromagnetic field effects on cancer cells and mice tumors.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats.
Chronic, low-level (1.0 W/kg) exposure of mice prone to mammary cancer to 2450 MHz microwaves.
Do cocarcinogenic effects of ELF electromagnetic fields require repeated long-term interaction with carcinogens? Characteristics of positive studies using the DMBA breast cancer model in rats.
Effect of 13 week magnetic field exposures on DMBA-initiated mammary gland carcinomas in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of 26 week magnetic field exposures in a DMBA initiation-promotion mammary gland model in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of a 9 mT pulsed magnetic field on C3H/Bi female mice with mammary carcinoma. A comparison between the 12 Hz and the 460 Hz frequencies.
Effects of 50- or 60-hertz, 100 microT magnetic field exposure in the DMBA mammary cancer model in Sprague-Dawley rats: possible explanations for different results from two laboratories.
Effects of 900 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on DMBA-induced mammary tumors in rats.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on DMBA-induced mammary gland tumors in female SpragueDawley rats.

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Effects of magnetic fields on mammary tumor development induced by 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene in rats.
Effects of mobile-phone microwave on dimethylbenz (a) anthracene induced mammary carcinoma development in rats].
Effects of weak alternating magnetic fields on nocturnal melatonin production and mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Evaluation of the potential carcinogenicity of 60 Hz linear sinusoidal continuous-wave magnetic fields in Fischer F344 rats.
Low-frequency electromagnetic radiation enhances the induction of rat mammary tumors by nitrosomethyl urea.
Magnetic fields and mammary cancer in rodents: a critical review and evaluation of published literature.
Male breast tumors in railway engine drivers: investigation of 5 cases].
Microwave absorption by normal and tumor cells.
Modifying effect of light and electromagnetic field on development of mammary tumors induced by N-nitrosomethyl urea in female rats].
Non dietetic environmental risk factors in prostate cancer].
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in relation to male breast cancer and testicular cancer: a Swedish case-control study.
On the role of the interactions of ions with external magnetic fields in physiologic processes and their importance in chronobiology.
Pulsed magnetic field from video display terminals enhances teratogenic effects of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Repeated exposure of C3H/HeJ mice to ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulses: lack of effects on mammary tumors.
Search for teratogenic risks with the aid of malformation registries.
Significant differences in the effects of magnetic field exposure on 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary carcinogenesis in two substrains of SpragueDawley rats.
Study on potential effects of "902-MHz GSM-type Wireless Communication Signals" on DMBA-induced mammary tumours in Sprague-Dawley rats.

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The effect of low-frequency electromagnetic fields on the development of experimental mammary tumors].
The influence of electromagnetic radiation generated by a mobile phone on the skeletal system of rats.
Transferrin receptors and natural killer cell lysis. A study using Colo 205 cells exposed to 60 Hz electromagnetic fields.
VDT pulse magnetic field enhances teratogenic effect of ara-c in mice].

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FACTOR 12 Theme ­ Skin neoplasms
Key MeSH Headings - Carcinoma, Basal Cell, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Skin Neoplasms, Cocarcinogenesis, Neoplasms, Experimental, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Colonic Neoplasms
Titles
50-Hz electromagnetic environment and the incidence of childhood tumors in Stockholm County.
A case-case study of mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk in Japan.
A histopathological study on alterations in DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats with 50 Hz, 100 muT magnetic field exposure. A literature review of medical side effects from radio-frequency energy in the human environment: involving cancer, tumors, and problems of the central nervous system.
A pooled analysis of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors.
A population-based case-control study of radiofrequency exposure in relation to childhood neoplasm.
A review of in vitro studies: low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
A study on skin tumour formation in mice with 50 Hz magnetic field exposure. A three-dimensional point process model for the spatial distribution of disease occurrence in relation to an exposure source.
Acceleration of the development of benzopyrene-induced skin cancer in mice by microwave radiation.
Acoustic neuroma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study.
Adverse cutaneous effects of ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation.
Alternative functional relationships between ELF field exposure and possible health effects: report on an expert workshop.
An epidemiological review of mobile telephones and cancer. Animal carcinogenicity studies on radiofrequency fields related to mobile phones and base stations.
Application criteria of the precautionary principle].
Assessing the potential carcinogenic activity of magnetic fields using animal models.
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Assessment of cellular telephone and other radio frequency exposure for epidemiologic research. Association between radiation from mobile phones and tumour risk in adults]. Bcl-2 and p53 immunoprofile in Kaposi's sarcoma. Bioeffects of electromagnetic fields--safety limits of each frequency band, especially less than radio one]. Biological effects from electromagnetic field exposure and public exposure standards. Biological effects of amplitude-modulated radiofrequency radiation. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation. Biological effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields: in vivo studies. Biological effects on human health due to radiofrequency/microwave exposure: a synopsis of cohort studies. Biological indicators in response to radiofrequency/microwave exposure. Biological interactions and potential health effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields from power lines and other common sources. Biological responses to electromagnetic fields. Biomarkers of induced electromagnetic field and cancer. Biophysical estimation of the environmental importance of electromagnetic fields. Biophysical mechanisms of electromagnetic fields interaction and health effects]. Brain tumor risk in offspring of men occupationally exposed to electric and magnetic fields. Cancer in radar technicians exposed to radiofrequency/microwave radiation: sentinel episodes. Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes. Cancer incidence and magnetic field exposure in industries using resistance welding in Sweden. Cancer incidence in California flight attendants (United States). Cancer incidence vs. FM radio transmitter density. Cancer morbidity in subjects occupationally exposed to high frequency (radiofrequency and microwave) electromagnetic radiation. Cancer promotion in a mouse-skin model by a 60-Hz magnetic field: I. Experimental design and exposure system. Cancer promotion in a mouse-skin model by a 60-Hz magnetic field: II. Tumor development and immune response.
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Cancer risks related to low-level RF/MW exposures, including cell phones.
Cancer versus FM radio polarization types.
Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art]. Carcinogenicity study of 217 Hz pulsed 900 MHz electromagnetic fields in Pim1 transgenic mice.
Carcinogenicity study of GSM and DCS wireless communication signals in B6C3F1 mice.
Carcinogenicity test in B6C3F1 mice after parental and prenatal exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields.
Carcinogenicity test of 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields in rats.
Case-control study on uveal melanoma (RIFA): rational and design. Cell phone radiation exposure on brain and associated biological systems.
Cell phones and cancer: what is the evidence for a connection?
Cellular and cordless telephone use and the association with brain tumors in different age groups.
Childhood cancer and magnetic fields from high-voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study. Childhood cancer in relation to distance from high voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study. Childhood cancer in relation to indicators of magnetic fields from ground current sources.
Childhood cancer occurrence in relation to power line configurations: a study of potential selection bias in case-control studies.
Children's health and RF EMF exposure. Views from a risk assessment and risk communication perspective.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats. Chronic, low-level (1.0 W/kg) exposure of mice prone to mammary cancer to 2450 MHz microwaves. Comparative health risk assessment of electromagnetic fields.
Concern that "EMF" magnetic fields from power lines cause cancer. Danger of cellular telephones and their relay stations].

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Delayed biological effect of electromagnetic fields action].
Do cocarcinogenic effects of ELF electromagnetic fields require repeated long-term interaction with carcinogens? Characteristics of positive studies using the DMBA breast cancer model in rats.
Do people understand IARC's 2B categorization of RF fields from cell phones?
Ecological study on residences in the vicinity of AM radio broadcasting towers and cancer death: preliminary observations in Korea.
Effect of 13 week magnetic field exposures on DMBA-initiated mammary gland carcinomas in female Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of 26 week magnetic field exposures in a DMBA initiation-promotion mammary gland model in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Effect of magnetic field exposure on anchorage-independent growth of a promoter-sensitive mouse epidermal cell line (JB6).
Effect of radiofrequency radiation exposure on mouse skin tumorigenesis initiated by 7,12dimethybenz[alpha]anthracene.
Effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation and phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13acetate on dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer in mice.
Effects of 2450 MHz electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on methylcholanthreneinduced transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells.
Effects of 900 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on DMBA-induced mammary tumors in rats.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on DMBA-induced mammary gland tumors in female SpragueDawley rats.
Effects of low level microwave radiation on carcinogenesis in Swiss Albino mice.
Effects of mobile phone radiation on UV-induced skin tumourigenesis in ornithine decarboxylase transgenic and non-transgenic mice.
Electric blanket or mattress cover use and breast cancer incidence in women 50-79 years of age.
Electric Blanket Use and Risk of Thyroid Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort.
Electrical field exposure and human health. Risk assessment and problems relative to bureaucratic procedures and to the role of instituitional organizations in control and prevention].
Electromagnetic fields and cancer risks.
Electromagnetic fields and cancer: the cost of doing nothing.

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Electromagnetic fields and cells. Electromagnetic fields and female breast cancer. Electromagnetic fields and health effects--epidemiologic studies of cancer, diseases of the central nervous system and arrhythmia-related heart disease. Electromagnetic fields and public health. Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multichaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells. Electromagnetic fields of mobile telephone systems--thresholds, effects and risks for cochlear implant patients and healthy people]. Electromagnetic fields--effects on health]. Electromagnetic fields: a cancer promoter? Electromagnetic radiations and cancer. Cause and prevention. Electromagnetic-field exposure and cancer. EMF and current cancer concepts. EMF and health. Epidemiologic evidence on mobile phones and tumor risk: a review. Epidemiological studies of human exposures to radiofrequency radiation. A critical review. Epidemiological studies of radio frequency exposures and human cancer. Epidemiological study of power lines and childhood cancer in the UK: further analyses. Estimates of Environmental Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields and Risk of Lymphoma Subtypes. Estimating exposure in studies of residential magnetic fields and cancer: importance of shortterm variability, time interval between diagnosis and measurement, and distance to power line. Evaluation of carcinogenic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF). Evaluation of potential confounders in planning a study of occupational magnetic field exposure and female breast cancer. Evaluation of residential exposure to intermediate frequency magnetic fields. Evaluation of the effects of electric and magnetic fields in humans]. Evaluation of the potential carcinogenicity of 60 Hz linear sinusoidal continuous-wave magnetic fields in Fischer F344 rats.

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Evaluation of the potential in vitro antiproliferative effects of millimeter waves at some therapeutic frequencies on RPMI 7932 human skin malignant melanoma cells.
Evidence for microwave carcinogenesis in vitro.
Experimental data on radiofrequency].
Exposure to low electromagnetic fields and the carcinogenesis process].
Exposure to low-intensive superhigh frequency electromagnetic field as a factor of carcinogenesis in experimental animals.
Exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of childhood cancer. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators.
Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) and brain cancer in adults and children: review and comment.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields exposure and female breast cancer risk: a metaanalysis based on 24,338 cases and 60,628 controls.
Follow-up of radio and telegraph operators with exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of breast cancer.
Further aspects on cellular and cordless telephones and brain tumours.
Future needs of occupational epidemiology of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: review and recommendations.
Genetic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects of radiofrequency fields.
GSM and DCS wireless communication signals: combined chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity study in the Wistar rat.
Health effects of microwave exposures: a review of the recent (1995-1998) literature.
Health risks from the use of mobile phones.
Health risks of electric and magnetic fields caused by high-voltage systems in Finland.
Health risks of electromagnetic fields. Part I: Evaluation and assessment of electric and magnetic fields.
Health risks of exposure to non-ionizing radiation--myths or science-based evidence.
Health risks of mobile phones].
Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields.

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High-voltage overhead power lines in epidemiology: patterns of time variations in current load and magnetic fields.
How dangerous are mobile phones, transmission masts, and electricity pylons?
Human disease resulting from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Immunotropic effects of electromagnetic fields in the range of radio- and microwave frequencies].
Improved classification of evidence for EMF health risks.
In vivo exposure of rats to a weak alternating magnetic field increases ornithine decarboxylase activity in the mammary gland by a similar extent as the carcinogen DMBA.
Incidence of breast cancer in a Norwegian cohort of women with potential workplace exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields.
Incorporation of epidemiological findings into radiation protection standards.
Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies.
Indication of cocarcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model.
Influence of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field on antioxidative melatonin properties in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma culture.
Invited commentary: electromagnetic fields and cancer in railway workers.
Joint actions of environmental nonionizing electromagnetic fields and chemical pollution in cancer promotion.
Leukemia, brain tumors, and exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in Swiss railway employees.
Long-term use of cellular phones and brain tumours: increased risk associated with use for > or =10 years.
Long-term, low-level microwave irradiation of rats.
Lost in laterality: interpreting ''preferred side of the head during mobile phone use and risk of brain tumour'' associations.
Low frequency electromagnetic fields in the working environment--exposure and health effects. Elevated risk of cancer, reproductive hazards or other unwanted health effects?].
Low-frequency electromagnetic radiation enhances the induction of rat mammary tumors by nitrosomethyl urea.
Low-level exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: health effects and research needs.

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Magnetic fields and breast cancer in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines. Magnetic fields and childhood cancer--a pooled analysis of two Scandinavian studies. Magnetic fields and childhood cancer: an epidemiological investigation of the effects of highvoltage underground cables. Magnetic fields of high voltage power lines and risk of cancer in Finnish adults: nationwide cohort study. Malignant melanoma of the skin - not a sunshine story! Medical aspects of radiofrequency radiation overexposure. Medical exposure to ionising radiation and the risk of brain tumours: Interphone study group, Germany. Melanoma incidence and frequency modulation (FM) broadcasting. Melatonin suppression by static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: relationship to the reported increased incidence of cancer. Meta-analysis of long-term mobile phone use and the association with brain tumours. Methods used to calculate exposures in two epidemiological studies of power lines in the UK. Microwave absorption by normal and tumor cells. Mobile phone base stations and early childhood cancers: case-control study. Mobile phone radiation and the risk of cancer; a review. Mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk in Japan. Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study. Mobile phone use and risk of parotid gland tumor. Mobile phone use and the risk of skin cancer: a nationwide cohort study in Denmark. Mobile phone use, exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic field, and brain tumour: a casecontrol study. Mobile phones and brain tumours: a review of epidemiological research. Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies - how do they arise? Mobile phones, cordless phones and the risk for brain tumours. Mobile phones, mobile phone base stations and cancer: a review. Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.

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Mortality indices for hemoblastoses in Rivno Province before and after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station].
Motivation and significance of IARC classification for mobile phone].
Need for a European approach to the effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on cancer. ELF-EMF European Feasibility Study Group.
Non dietetic environmental risk factors in prostate cancer].
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation and cancer--is there a relationship?
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation: a study of carcinogenic and cancer treatment potential.
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations, emitted by a cellular phone, modify cutaneous blood flow.
Non-thermal bioeffects of static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields].
Nonionizing electromagnetic fields and cancer: a review.
Normal doses of visible light can cause mutations in skin].
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and sex-differential risk of uveal melanoma.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and the occurrence of brain tumors. An analysis of possible associations.
Occupational exposure to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation and electromagnetic fields in relation to the risk of thyroid cancer in Sweden.
Occupational exposure to non-ionizing radiation and an association with heart disease: an exploratory study.
Occupational exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Overview of epidemiologic research on electric and magnetic fields and cancer.
p53 immunoreactivity in cutaneous PUVA tumors is similar to that in other non-melanoma skin neoplasms.
Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system.
Physical basis of adverse and therapeutic effects of low intensity microwave radiation.
Possible cocarcinogenic effects of ELF electromagnetic fields may require repeated long-term interaction with known carcinogenic factors.

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Possible health hazards from exposure to power-frequency electric and magnetic fields--a COMAR Technical Information Statement.
Primary brain cancer in adults and the use of common household appliances: a case-control study.
Public health and the radio frequency radiation emitted by cellphone technology, smart meters and WiFi.
Radiation exposure, socioeconomic status, and brain tumor risk in the US Air Force: a nested case-control study.
Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature].
Radio frequency electromagnetic fields: cancer, mutagenesis, and genotoxicity.
Radio-frequency radiation exposure from AM radio transmitters and childhood leukemia and brain cancer.
Radiofrequency and microwave radiation in the microelectronics industry.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields emitted from base stations of DECT cordless phones and the risk of glioma and meningioma (Interphone Study Group, Germany).
Radiofrequency exposure and mammalian cell toxicity, genotoxicity, and transformation.
Radiofrequency field exposure and cancer: what do the laboratory studies suggest?
Radiofrequency-induced carcinogenesis: cellular calcium homeostasis changes as a triggering factor.
Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences.
Reanalysis of risks of childhood leukaemia with distance from overhead power lines in the UK.
Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health: 2001-2003.
Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health: 2004-2007.
Recent data from the literature on the biological and pathologic effects of electromagnetic radiation, radio waves and stray currents].
Recent experimental data on Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic field carcinogenic risk: open questions.
Repeated exposure of C3H/HeJ mice to ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulses: lack of effects on mammary tumors.
Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8GHz GSM base station environmental emission.

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Residential and occupational exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields and malignant melanoma: a population based study.
Residential mobility of populations near UK power lines and implications for childhood leukaemia.
Review of possible modulation-dependent biological effects of radiofrequency fields.
Risk of brain tumors from wireless phone use.
Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries.
Risk of cancer among Danish electricity workers. A cohort study].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to radio- and microwave fields-epidemiologic investigations].
Selection bias from differential residential mobility as an explanation for associations of wire codes with childhood cancer.
Self-reported electrical appliance use and risk of adult brain tumors.
Short-term exposure to 50 Hz ELF-EMF alters the cisplatin-induced oxidative response in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma cells.
Should the threshold limit value for power frequency (60 Hz) magnetic fields be changed? Perceptions among scientists and other risk experts.
Significant differences in the effects of magnetic field exposure on 7,12dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary carcinogenesis in two substrains of SpragueDawley rats.
Socioeconomic status, social mobility and cancer occurrence during working life: a case-control study among French electricity and gas workers.
Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats chronically exposed to 836 MHz modulated microwaves.
Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats exposed to frequency-modulated microwave fields.
Studying the effects of mobile phone use on the auditory system and the central nervous system: a review of the literature and future directions.
Survival and cancer in laboratory mammals exposed to radiofrequency energy.
Systematic review of wireless phone use and brain cancer and other head tumors.
Testing electromagnetic fields for potential carcinogenic activity: a critical review of animal models.

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The design, construction and calibration of a carefully controlled source for exposure of mammalian cells to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
The effect of 60-Hz magnetic fields on co-promotion of chemically induced skin tumors on SENCAR mice: a discussion of three studies.
The effect of chronic exposure to 835.62 MHz FDMA or 847.74 MHz CDMA radiofrequency radiation on the incidence of spontaneous tumors in rats.
The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks.
The effects of 860 MHz radiofrequency radiation on the induction or promotion of brain tumors and other neoplasms in rats.
The effects of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound.
The effects of ionizing radiation, microwaves, and ultrasound on the developing embryo: clinical interpretations and applications of the data.
The effects of pulsed 860 MHz radiofrequency radiation on the promotion of neurogenic tumors in rats.
The epidemiology of electric and magnetic field exposures in the power frequency range and reproductive outcomes.
The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure From Mobile Phones: Analyses From the INTERPHONE Study.
The possible role of contact current in cancer risk associated with residential magnetic fields.
The possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of uveal melanoma.
The potential carcinogenic hazards of electromagnetic radiation: a review.
The precautionary principle and electric and magnetic fields.
The probability of developing brain tumours among users of cellular telephones (scientific information to the decision of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) announced on May 31, 2011)].
The problem of hygienic standardization of commercial electric and magnetic fields in Russia and other countries].
The question of health effects from exposure to electromagnetic fields.
The role of chemical and physical factors in cancer development].
The sensitivity of children to electromagnetic fields.
Time trend in incidence of malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system in relation to mobile phone use among young people in Japan.
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Use of cellular and cordless telephones and risk of testicular cancer. Use of cellular telephones and brain tumour risk in urban and rural areas. Use of cellular telephones and risk of cancer. A Danish cohort study]. Use of cellular telephones and the risk for brain tumours: A case-control study. Use of mobile phones and cancer risk. Use of wireless phones and the risk of salivary gland tumours: a case-control study. Variable E-cadherin expression in a MNU-induced colon tumor model in rats which exposed with 50 Hz frequency sinusoidal magnetic field. Variation in cancer risk estimates for exposure to powerline frequency electromagnetic fields: a meta-analysis comparing EMF measurement methods. Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer. World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health - a hard nut to crack (Review).

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FACTOR 13
Theme - Leukemia
Key MeSH Headings - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive, Leukemia, Myeloid, Leukemia, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Leukemia, Radiation-Induced, Acute Disease, Liver Neoplasms, Experimental, Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Titles
60 Hertz magnetic field exposure assessment for an investigation of leukemia in telephone lineworkers.
A Bayesian approach to hazard identification. The case of electromagnetic fields and cancer.
A case-control pilot study of traffic exposures and early childhood leukemia using a geographic information system.
A case-control study of childhood leukemia in southern Ontario, Canada, and exposure to magnetic fields in residences.
A case-control study of risk of leukaemia in relation to mobile phone use.
A literature review of medical side effects from radio-frequency energy in the human environment: involving cancer, tumors, and problems of the central nervous system.
A pooled analysis of magnetic fields and childhood leukaemia.
A pooled analysis of magnetic fields, wire codes, and childhood leukemia. Childhood LeukemiaEMF Study Group.
A population-based case-control study of radiofrequency exposure in relation to childhood neoplasm.
A precautionary public health protection strategy for the possible risk of childhood leukaemia from exposure to power frequency magnetic fields.
Acute childhood leukemias and exposure to magnetic fields generated by high voltage overhead power lines - a risk factor in Iran.
Acute effects of pulsed microwaves and 3-nitropropionic acid on neuronal ultrastructure in the rat caudate-putamen.
Acute leukaemia in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Acute leukemia in electrical workers: a New Zealand case-control study.
Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia and residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields.
Acute ocular injuries caused by 60-Ghz millimeter-wave exposure.

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Adult and childhood leukemia near a high-power radio station in Rome, Italy.
Adult mortality from leukemia, brain cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and magnetic fields from power lines: a case-control study in Brazil.
Aetiology of childhood leukemia.
Aluminum, calcium ion and radiofrequency synergism in acceleration of lymphomagenesis.
An evaluation of exposure metrics in an epidemiologic study on radio and television broadcast transmitters and the risk of childhood leukemia.
An examination of underlying physical principles. The interaction of power-line electromagnetic fields with the human body.
Animal carcinogenicity studies on radiofrequency fields related to mobile phones and base stations.
Are occupational, hobby, or lifestyle exposures associated with Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukaemia?
Are the stray 60-Hz electromagnetic fields associated with the distribution and use of electric power a significant cause of cancer?
Assessment of cellular telephone and other radio frequency exposure for epidemiologic research.
Assessment of selection bias in the Canadian case-control study of residential magnetic field exposure and childhood leukemia.
Association of childhood cancer with residential traffic density.
Biological effects of environmental electromagnetic fields: molecular mechanisms.
Biophysical mechanisms of electromagnetic fields interaction and health effects].
Can disturbances in the atmospheric electric field created by powerline corona ions disrupt melatonin production in the pineal gland?
Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes.
Cancer incidence and magnetic field exposure in industries using resistance welding in Sweden.
Cancer incidence and mortality and proximity to TV towers.
Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. I. Sutton Coldfield transmitter.
Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. II. All high power transmitters.
Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art].

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Carcinogenicity test of 50 Hz sinusoidal magnetic fields in rats.
Case-control study of childhood cancer and exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields.
Case-only study of interactions between DNA repair genes (hMLH1, APEX1, MGMT, XRCC1 and XPD) and low-frequency electromagnetic fields in childhood acute leukemia.
Cell Phones and Risk of brain and acoustic nerve tumours: the French INTERPHONE casecontrol study].
Characterization of Children's Exposure to Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields by Stochastic Modeling.
Childhood cancer and exposure to corona ions from power lines: an epidemiological test.
Childhood cancer and magnetic fields from high-voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study.
Childhood cancer and residential proximity to power lines. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators.
Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code.
Childhood cancer in relation to indicators of magnetic fields from ground current sources.
Childhood incidence of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and exposure to broadcast radiation in Sydney--a second look.
Childhood leukaemia and distance from power lines in California: a population-based casecontrol study.
Childhood leukaemia close to high-voltage power lines--the Geocap study, 2002-2007.
Childhood leukaemia in a residential area with a high-voltage power line: approach according to the Dutch Community Health Services' guideline 'Cancer Clusters'].
Childhood leukemia and electromagnetic fields: results of a population-based case-control study in Germany.
Childhood leukemia and magnetic fields in infant incubators.
Childhood leukemia and magnetic fields in Japan: a case-control study of childhood leukemia and residential power-frequency magnetic fields in Japan.
Childhood leukemia and personal monitoring of residential exposures to electric and magnetic fields in Ontario, Canada.
Childhood leukemia, electric and magnetic fields, and temporal trends.
Childhood leukemia: electric and magnetic fields as possible risk factors.

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Children's exposure to magnetic fields produced by U.S. television sets used for viewing programs and playing video games.
Children's health and RF EMF exposure. Views from a risk assessment and risk communication perspective.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in F344/N rats.
Cohort and nested case-control studies of hematopoietic cancers and brain cancer among electric utility workers.
Combined risk estimates for two German population-based case-control studies on residential magnetic fields and childhood acute leukemia.
Comparative analyses of the studies of magnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers: studies from France, Canada, and the United States.
Comparative health risk assessment of electromagnetic fields.
Contact voltage measured in residences: implications to the association between magnetic fields and childhood leukemia.
Decreased survival for childhood leukemia in proximity to television towers.
Description of a new computer wire coding method and its application to evaluate potential control selection bias in the Savitz et al. childhood cancer study.
Designs and analyses for exploring the relationship of magnetic fields to childhood leukaemia: a pilot project for the Danish National Birth Cohort.
Determinants of power-frequency magnetic fields in residences located away from overhead power lines.
Developing policy in the face of scientific uncertainty: interpreting 0.3 microT or 0.4 microT cutpoints from EMF epidemiologic studies.
Distance from residence to power line and risk of childhood leukemia: a population-based casecontrol study in Denmark.
Distance to high-voltage power lines and risk of childhood leukemia--an analysis of confounding by and interaction with other potential risk factors.
Do magnetic fields cause increased risk of childhood leukemia via melatonin disruption?
Do naturally occurring magnetic nanoparticles in the human body mediate increased risk of childhood leukaemia with EMF exposure?

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Do power frequency magnetic fields cause leukemia in children? Do studies of wire code and childhood leukemia point towards or away from magnetic fields as the causal agent? Effect of pulsed magnetic fields on leukemia-prone AKR mice. No-effect on mortality through five generations. Effects of centimeter waves on the immune system of mice in endotoxic shock]. Effects of electromagnetic fields on health]. Effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) exposure on B6C3F1 mice. Effects of mobile phone type signals on calcium levels within human leukaemic T-cells (Jurkat cells). Electric and magnetic fields (EMF): what do we know about the health effects? Electric and magnetic fields and health outcomes--an overview. Electric and magnetic fields at power frequencies. Electrical field exposure and human health. Risk assessment and problems relative to bureaucratic procedures and to the role of instituitional organizations in control and prevention]. Electrical power lines and childhood leukemia: a study from Greece. Electromagnetic field exposures and childhood cancers in New Zealand. Electromagnetic field exposures and childhood leukaemia in New Zealand. Electromagnetic fields (EMF): do they play a role in children's environmental health (CEH)? Electromagnetic fields and cancer risks. Electromagnetic fields from high-voltage installations and cancer in childhood]. Electromagnetic fields--effects on health]. Electromagnetic pollution (electrosmog)--potential hazards of our electromagnetic future]. Electrosmog as a health risk factor: sources of artificial electromagnetic fields, evaluation of health risk, prevention methods]. EMF and health. EMFs: cutting through the controversy. Environmental factors and childhood acute leukemias and lymphomas. Epidemiologic evidence relevant to radar (microwave) effects.

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Epidemiologic study of residential proximity to transmission lines and childhood cancer in California: description of design, epidemiologic methods and study population.
Epidemiological appraisal of studies of residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and adult cancers.
Epidemiological study of power lines and childhood cancer in the UK: further analyses.
Epidemiology of health effects of radiofrequency exposure.
Estimates of Environmental Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields and Risk of Lymphoma Subtypes.
Estimating exposure in studies of residential magnetic fields and cancer: importance of shortterm variability, time interval between diagnosis and measurement, and distance to power line.
Estimation of population attributable fractions from fitted incidence ratios and exposure survey data, with an application to electromagnetic fields and childhood leukemia.
Ethical values in the regulation of the exposure to electromagnetic fields].
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Experimental estimation of thermogenic levels of acute microwave exposure for different animal species].
Exposure of high resolution fetuses in advanced pregnant woman models at different stages of pregnancy to uniform magnetic fields at the frequency of 50 Hz.
Exposure to 50-Hz electric field and incidence of leukemia, brain tumors, and other cancers among French electric utility workers.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of leukemia.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and the risk of leukemia.
Exposure to low frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields increases interleukin-1 and interleukin6 production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
Exposure to low-frequency electromagnetic fields--a health hazard?
Exposure to magnetic fields among electrical workers in relation to leukemia risk in Los Angeles County.
Exposure to magnetic fields and survival after diagnosis of childhood leukemia: a German cohort study.
Exposure to power frequency electric fields and the risk of childhood cancer in the UK.
Exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of childhood cancer. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators.
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Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study. Exposure to residential electric and magnetic fields and risk of childhood leukemia. Extra low frequency electric and magnetic fields in the bedplace of children diagnosed with leukaemia: a case-control study. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and cancer: the epidemiologic evidence. Factors that explain the power line configuration wiring code-childhood leukemia association: what would they look like? Geomagnetic field variation in early ontogenesis as a risk factor for oncopathology].
Health effects of electromagnetic fields]. Health effects of low-level electromagnetic fields: phantom or not-so-phantom risk? Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields. High incidence of acute leukemia in the proximity of some industrial facilities in El Bierzo, northwestern Spain. Hypothesis: the risk of childhood leukemia is related to combinations of power-frequency and static magnetic fields. In vitro microwave effects on human neutrophil precursor cells (CFU-C). Incidence of cancer in the vicinity of Korean AM radio transmitters. Incidence of leukaemia and brain tumours in some "electrical occupations". Incorporation of epidemiological findings into radiation protection standards. Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies. Increased ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured cells exposed to low energy modulated microwave fields and phorbol ester tumor promoters. Increased risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by prenatal and postnatal exposure to high voltage power lines: a case control study in Isfahan, Iran. Induction of macrophage migration inhibitory factor precedes the onset of acute tonsillitis. Infantile leukemia and exposure to 50/60 Hz magnetic fields: review of epidemiologic evidence in 2000]. Influence of 60-Hertz magnetic fields on leukemia. Investigation of increased incidence in childhood leukemia near radio towers in Hawaii: preliminary observations.
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Investigation of the sources of residential power frequency magnetic field exposure in the UK Childhood Cancer Study.
Knowledge and perceptions of the health effects of environmental hazards in the general population in Italy.
Leukaemia and residence near electricity transmission equipment: a case-control study.
Leukaemia, brain tumours and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: cohort study of Swiss railway employees.
Leukemia and lymphoma incidence in rodents exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields.
Leukemia and occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields: review of epidemiologic surveys.
Leukemia following occupational exposure to 60-Hz electric and magnetic fields among Ontario electric utility workers.
Leukemia in electric utility workers: the evaluation of alternative indices of exposure to 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields.
Leukemia in telephone linemen.
Leukemia mortality and incidence of infantile leukemia near the Vatican Radio Station of Rome].
Leukemia risk and occupational electric field exposure in Los Angeles County, California.
Leukemia, brain tumors, and exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in Swiss railway employees.
Living near overhead high voltage transmission power lines as a risk factor for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case-control study.
Lymphoma development in mice chronically exposed to UMTS-modulated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Lymphoma development of simultaneously combined exposure to two radiofrequency signals in AKR/J mice.
Lymphoma induced in mice chronically exposed to very strong low-frequency electromagnetic field.
Magnetic field exposure in relation to leukemia and brain cancer mortality among electric utility workers.
Magnetic fields and acute leukemia in children with Down syndrome.
Magnetic fields and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children: a systematic review of casecontrol studies.
Magnetic fields and childhood cancer--a pooled analysis of two Scandinavian studies.
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Magnetic fields and leukaemia risks in UK electricity supply workers.
Magnetic fields and leukemia--risk for adults living close to power lines.
Magnetic fields, leukemia, and central nervous system tumors in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines.
Maternal occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields before, during, and after pregnancy in relation to risks of childhood cancers: findings from the Oxford Survey of Childhood Cancers, 1953-1981 deaths.
Meta-analysis and its application in epidemiology].
Mortality among workers in the geothermal power plants at Larderello, Italy.
Mortality from brain cancer and leukaemia among electrical workers.
Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Mortality indices for hemoblastoses in Rivno Province before and after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station].
Mortality of people residing near electric power supply line with voltage of 500 kV].
Mortality of persons resident in the vicinity of electricity transmission facilities.
Myelogenous leukemia and electric blanket use.
Myeloid leukemias and myelodysplastic syndromes: chemical exposure, histologic subtype and cytogenetics in a case-control study.
Nighttime exposure to electromagnetic fields and childhood leukemia: an extended pooled analysis.
Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany.
Occupational and residential exposure to electric and magnetic field and its relationship on acute myeloid leukemia in adults - A Meta-analysis].
Occupational and residential magnetic field exposure and leukemia and central nervous system tumors.
Occupational electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a meta-analysis.
Occupational electric and magnetic field exposure and leukemia. A meta-analysis.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and acute leukaemia: analysis of a case-control study.
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and its health effects in electric energy workers].

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Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency (with particular regard to power plants) and the health status of workers, based on a literature review]. Occupational magnetic field exposure and myocardial infarction incidence. Occupational risk factors for acute leukaemia: a case-control study. Occupational risk factors for cancer of the central nervous system: a case-control study on death certificates from 24 U.S. states. Overhead electricity power lines and childhood leukemia: a registry-based, case-control study. Parental occupational exposure to magnetic fields and childhood cancer (Sweden). Pharmacological correction of the acute effects of microwave irradiation in an experiment].
Pooled analysis of recent studies on magnetic fields and childhood leukaemia. Potential motion related bias in the worn dosimeter measurements of two childhood leukemia studies. Power lines and the geomagnetic field. Power-frequency electric and magnetic fields and risk of childhood leukemia in Canada. Probing lymphoma infiltration in spleen of AKR/J mice chronically exposed to electromagnetic fields for risk assessment--toward noninvasive modeling. Proximity to overhead power lines and childhood leukaemia: an international pooled analysis. Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature]. Radio-frequency radiation exposure from AM radio transmitters and childhood leukemia and brain cancer. Radiofrequency exposure and mortality from cancer of the brain and lymphatic/hematopoietic systems. Reanalysis of risks of childhood leukaemia with distance from overhead power lines in the UK. Recent data from the literature on the biological and pathologic effects of electromagnetic radiation, radio waves and stray currents]. Refinements in magnetic field exposure assignment for a case-cohort study of electrical utility workers. Remote effects of occupational and non-occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of power-line frequency. Epidemiological studies]. Residence close to high-tension electric power lines and its association with leukemia in children]. Residential electric consumption and childhood cancer in Canada (1971-1986)
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Residential EMF exposure and childhood leukemia: meta-analysis and population attributable risk. Residential exposure to 60-Hertz magnetic fields and adult cancers in Taiwan. Residential exposure to electromagnetic fields and childhood leukaemia: a meta-analysis. Residential exposure to magnetic fields and risk of canine lymphoma. Residential magnetic fields and childhood leukemia: a meta-analysis. Residential magnetic fields as a risk factor for childhood acute leukaemia: results from a German population-based case-control study. Residential magnetic fields predicted from wiring configurations: I. Exposure model.
Residential magnetic fields predicted from wiring configurations: II. Relationships To childhood leukemia. Residential magnetic fields, contact voltage and their relationship: the effects of distribution unbalance and residential proximity to a transmission line. Residential mobility and childhood leukemia. Residential mobility of populations near UK power lines and implications for childhood leukaemia. Residential proximity to electricity transmission and distribution equipment and risk of childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, and childhood nervous system tumors: systematic review, evaluation, and meta-analysis. Residential wire codes: reproducibility and relation with measured magnetic fields. Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health. Risk factors for leukemia in Thailand. Risk for leukaemia and brain and breast cancer among Danish utility workers: a second followup. Risk of childhood leukemia and environmental exposure to ELF electromagnetic fields]. Risk of childhood leukemia in areas passed by high power lines. Risk of leukemia in children living near high-voltage transmission lines. Risk of major lymphoma subtypes and use of mobile phones]. Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to power magnetic fields--epidemiologic investigations]. Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to radio- and microwave fields-epidemiologic investigations].
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Risks of leukaemia among residents close to high voltage transmission electric lines.
Selection bias and its implications for case-control studies: a case study of magnetic field exposure and childhood leukaemia.
Setting prudent public health policy for electromagnetic field exposures.
Should the threshold limit value for power frequency (60 Hz) magnetic fields be changed? Perceptions among scientists and other risk experts.
Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats chronically exposed to 836 MHz modulated microwaves.
Study of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields in infant incubators.
Suggestion of concomitant changes of electric power consumption and childhood leukemia in Greece.
Synthesis of the epidemiological evidence concerning childhood leukemia in relation to exposure to 50 Hz. electric and magnetic fields].
Teratogenic effect of broad-band electromagnetic field on neonatal mice (Mus musculus).
The Bernal Lecture 2004 Are low-frequency electromagnetic fields a health hazard?
The determinants of Canadian children's personal exposures to magnetic fields.
The effect of chronic exposure to 835.62 MHz FDMA or 847.74 MHz CDMA radiofrequency radiation on the incidence of spontaneous tumors in rats.
The effects of low-energy 60-Hz environmental electromagnetic fields upon the growth-related enzyme ornithine decarboxylase.
The epidemiology of exposure to electromagnetic fields: an overview of the recent literature.
The possible role of contact current in cancer risk associated with residential magnetic fields.
The potential hazard for the development of leukemia from exposure to electromagnetic radiation (a review of the literature)].
The potential impact of bias in studies of residential exposure to magnetic fields and childhood leukemia.
The precautionary principle and electric and magnetic fields.
The sensitivity of children to electromagnetic fields.
Time trend in incidence of malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system in relation to mobile phone use among young people in Japan.
Variation in cancer risk estimates for exposure to powerline frequency electromagnetic fields: a meta-analysis comparing EMF measurement methods.

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Viral contacts confound studies of childhood leukemia and high-voltage transmission lines. Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer.

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FACTOR 14
Theme ­ Precancerous conditions
Key MeSH Headings - Atrophy, Precancerous Conditions, Hyperplasia, Hypersensitivity, Delayed, Thymus Gland, Capillary Permeability, Lymphoma
Titles
A histopathological study on alterations in DMBA-induced mammary carcinogenesis in rats with 50 Hz, 100 muT magnetic field exposure.
A study on skin tumour formation in mice with 50 Hz magnetic field exposure.
Aluminum, calcium ion and radiofrequency synergism in acceleration of lymphomagenesis.
Animal carcinogenicity studies on radiofrequency fields related to mobile phones and base stations.
Calreticulin protects rat microvascular endothelial cells against microwave radiation-induced injury by attenuating endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Case-control study of childhood cancer and exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields.
Cerebrovascular permeability to 86Rb in the rat after exposure to pulsed microwaves.
Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code.
Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice.
Cohort and nested case-control studies of hematopoietic cancers and brain cancer among electric utility workers.
Dependence of microwave effect on the secondary structure of DNA on molecular weight of polynucleotide].
Detrimental effect of electromagnetic pulse exposure on permeability of in vitro blood-brainbarrier model.
Differential response of the permeability of the rat liver canalicular membrane to sucrose and mannitol following in vivo acute single and multiple exposures to microwave radiation (2.45 GHz) and radiant-energy thermal stress.
Effect of electromagnetic pulse exposure on brain micro vascular permeability in rats.
Effect of electromagnetic radiation of millimetric wave band on genome of somatic cells].
Effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity on parameters of humoral immunity in healthy mice].

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Effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation and ultra-violet radiation on aggregation of thymocytes and erythrocytes].
Effect of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in rat.
Effect of global system for mobile communication (gsm)-like radiofrequency fields on vascular permeability in mouse brain.
Effect of long-term mobile communication microwave exposure on vascular permeability in mouse brain.
Effect of microwaves on the expression by thymocytes of various surface membrane markers].
Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced suppression of the immune system.
Effect of pulsed magnetic fields on leukemia-prone AKR mice. No-effect on mortality through five generations.
Effects of electromagnetic pulse on blood-brain barrier permeability and tight junction proteins in rats].
Effects of extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the immune system and systemic regulation of homeostasis].
Effects of GSM-modulated 900 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on the hematopoietic potential of mouse bone marrow cells.
Effects of low level microwave radiation on carcinogenesis in Swiss Albino mice.
Effects of low-intensity extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation on chromatin structure of lymphoid cells in vivo and in vitro].
Effects of microwave radiation on thymocytes in mice at different power densities].
Electromagnetic fields from high-voltage installations and cancer in childhood].
Environmental factors and childhood acute leukemias and lymphomas.
Estimates of Environmental Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields and Risk of Lymphoma Subtypes.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Geomagnetic field variation in early ontogenesis as a risk factor for oncopathology].
Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields.
Immune function and host defense in rodents exposed to 60-Hz magnetic fields.

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Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies.
Increased sensitivity of the non-human primate eye to microwave radiation following ophthalmic drug pretreatment.
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV): potentiation of lethality in mice by microwave radiation.
Leukemia and lymphoma incidence in rodents exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields.
Lymphoma development in mice chronically exposed to UMTS-modulated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Lymphoma development of simultaneously combined exposure to two radiofrequency signals in AKR/J mice.
Lymphoma induced in mice chronically exposed to very strong low-frequency electromagnetic field.
Magnetic fields and childhood cancer--a pooled analysis of two Scandinavian studies.
Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Metabolic and ultrastructural adaptation mechanisms during the primary prophylactic action of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under normal and radiation conditions].
Microwave alteration of the blood-brain barrier system of rats.
Microwave irradiation of rats at 2.45 GHz activates pinocytotic-like uptake of tracer by capillary endothelial cells of cerebral cortex.
Modulation of cell death in the rat thymus. Light and electron microscopic investigations.
Modulation of natural killer cell function after exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields: confirmation of the effect in mature B6C3F1 mice.
Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Mortality indices for hemoblastoses in Rivno Province before and after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station].
Nonlinear determinism in the immune system. In vivo influence of electromagnetic fields on different functions of murine lymphocyte subpopulations.
Nonlinear dynamical law governs magnetic field induced changes in lymphoid phenotype.

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Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany.
Odontologic survey of referred patients with symptoms allegedly caused by electricity or visual display units.
Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz.
Prenatal exposure to radiofrequencies: effects of WiFi signals on thymocyte development and peripheral T cell compartment in an animal model.
Probing lymphoma infiltration in spleen of AKR/J mice chronically exposed to electromagnetic fields for risk assessment--toward noninvasive modeling.
Radiofrequency exposure and mammalian cell toxicity, genotoxicity, and transformation.
Radiofrequency exposure and mortality from cancer of the brain and lymphatic/hematopoietic systems.
Residential electric consumption and childhood cancer in Canada (1971-1986)
Residential exposure to magnetic fields and risk of canine lymphoma.
Residential proximity to electricity transmission and distribution equipment and risk of childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, and childhood nervous system tumors: systematic review, evaluation, and meta-analysis.
Retinal damage experimentally induced by microwave radiation at 55 mW/cm2.
Reversible microwave effects on the blood-brain barrier.
Risk of major lymphoma subtypes and use of mobile phones].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to power magnetic fields--epidemiologic investigations].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to radio- and microwave fields-epidemiologic investigations].
Teratogenic effect of broad-band electromagnetic field on neonatal mice (Mus musculus).
The effect of chronic exposure to 835.62 MHz FDMA or 847.74 MHz CDMA radiofrequency radiation on the incidence of spontaneous tumors in rats.
The effect of ultrahigh-frequency radiation on adaptation thresholds and the damages to blood system cells].
The effect on rat thymocytes of the simultaneous in vivo exposure to 50-Hz electric and magnetic field and to continuous light.
The effects of low-energy 60-Hz environmental electromagnetic fields upon the growth-related enzyme ornithine decarboxylase.
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The efficiency and direction of thymus changes after whole-body exposure of mice to the weak electromagnetic field are determined by the initial status of the thymus].
The functional state of thymus cells following microwave exposure of endocrine glands.
The immunological and hormonal effects of combined exposure to a bitemporal ultrahighfrequency electrical field and to decimeter waves at different sites].
The immunological mechanism of the modulation of IgE antibody formation during microwave irradiation of the thymus].
The role of fatty acids in anti-inflammatory effects of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.

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FACTOR 15 Theme - Circadian Rhythm Key MeSH Headings - Melatonin, Circadian Rhythm, Pineal Gland
Titles
900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain. A 0.5 G, 60 Hz magnetic field suppresses melatonin production in pinealocytes. A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep. Acceleration of mammary tumorigenesis by exposure of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-treated female rats in a 50-Hz, 100-microT magnetic field: replication study. Acute exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields with harmonics and transient components: lack of effects on nighttime hormonal secretion in men. Age-dependent association of exposure to television screen with children's urinary melatonin excretion? Anatomical localization of human detection of weak electromagnetic radiation: experiments with dowsers. Anxiogenic effect of chronic exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic field in adult rats. Biological effects of continuous exposure of embryos and young chickens to electromagnetic fields emitted by video display units. Biological effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields: in vivo studies. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation]. Biological effects produced by the influence of low frequency electromagnetic fields on hormone secretion]. Biological influences of electromagnetic fields]. Biologically based epidemiological studies of electric power and cancer. Breast cancer and electric power.
Can disturbances in the atmospheric electric field created by powerline corona ions disrupt melatonin production in the pineal gland? Cardiac autonomic control mechanisms in power-frequency magnetic fields: a multistudy analysis. Cardiovascular diseases and the work environment. A critical review of the epidemiologic literature on nonchemical factors.

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Chronic exposure to 2.9 mT, 40 Hz magnetic field reduces melatonin concentrations in humans.
Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression.
Chronic exposure to ELF magnetic fields during night sleep with electric sheet: effects on diurnal melatonin rhythms in men.
Chronotoxicity of 1800 MHz microwave radiation on sex hormones and spermatogenesis in male mice].
Circadian locomotor activity of Musca flies: recording method and effects of 10 Hz square-wave electric fields.
Circadian rhythmicity of antioxidant markers in rats exposed to 1.8 GHz radiofrequency fields.
Designing EMF experiments: what is required to characterize "exposure"?
Direct suppressive effects of weak magnetic fields (50 Hz and 16 2/3 Hz) on melatonin synthesis in the pineal gland of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus).
Do magnetic fields cause increased risk of childhood leukemia via melatonin disruption?
Does evening exposure to mobile phone radiation affect subsequent melatonin production?
Earthing: health implications of reconnecting the human body to the Earth's surface electrons.
Effect of occupational EMF exposure from radar at two different frequency bands on plasma melatonin and serotonin levels.
Effects of 1800-MHz radiofrequency fields on circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin and testosterone in male rats.
Effects of 60-Hz magnetic field exposure on nocturnal 6-sulfatoxymelatonin, estrogens, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone in healthy reproductive-age women: results of a crossover trial.
Effects of electric and magnetic fields from high-power lines on female urinary excretion of 6sulfatoxymelatonin.
Effects of electric and magnetic fields on nocturnal melatonin concentrations in dairy cows.
Effects of electromagnetic fields exposure on plasma hormonal and inflammatory pathway biomarkers in male workers of a power plant.
Effects of electromagnetic fields on photophasic circulating melatonin levels in American kestrels.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from 3G mobile phone on heart rate, blood pressure and ECG parameters in rats.
Effects of exposure to 16.7 Hz magnetic fields on urinary 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate excretion of Swiss railway workers.
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Effects of melatonin on Wi-Fi-induced oxidative stress in lens of rats.
Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields at nonthermal SAR values on melatonin and body weight of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus).
Effects of mobile phone radiation on UV-induced skin tumourigenesis in ornithine decarboxylase transgenic and non-transgenic mice.
Effects of static electromagnetic fields on chick embryo pineal gland development.
Effects of weak alternating magnetic fields on nocturnal melatonin production and mammary carcinogenesis in rats.
Electric blanket or mattress cover use and breast cancer incidence in women 50-79 years of age.
Electric power, pineal function, and the risk of breast cancer.
Endocrine functions in young men exposed for one night to a 50-Hz magnetic field. A circadian study of pituitary, thyroid and adrenocortical hormones.
Evaluation in humans of the effects of radiocellular telephones on the circadian patterns of melatonin secretion, a chronobiological rhythm marker.
Evaluation of the nocturnal levels of urinary biogenic amines in men exposed overnight to 50-Hz magnetic field.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Exacerbation of hypertension and disturbances of the geomagnetic field].
Examination of the melatonin hypothesis in women exposed at night to EMF or bright light.
Exposure to 1800 MHz radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA in primary cultured neurons.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested casecontrol study.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) and brain cancer in adults and children: review and comment.
Geomagnetic activity and human melatonin metabolite excretion.
Geomagnetic disturbances are associated with reduced nocturnal excretion of a melatonin metabolite in humans.
Human melatonin during continuous magnetic field exposure.
Immune markers and ornithine decarboxylase activity among electric utility workers.
Impact of microwave at X-band in the aetiology of male infertility.

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Incidence of micronuclei in human peripheral blood lymphocytes exposed to modulated and unmodulated 2450 MHz radiofrequency fields.
Increases in geomagnetic activity are associated with increases in thyroxine levels in a single patient: implications for melatonin levels.
Influence of electromagnetic fields emitted by GSM-900 cellular telephones on the circadian patterns of gonadal, adrenal and pituitary hormones in men.
Influence of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field on antioxidative melatonin properties in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma culture.
Influence of light and electromagnetic radiation of Sun on circadian rhythms of the total antioxidant capacity of human saliva in the North].
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: health effects and research needs.
Is melatonin the hormonal missing link between magnetic field effects and human diseases?
Is newborn melatonin production influenced by magnetic fields produced by incubators?
Is problematic mobile phone use explained by chronotype and personality?
Magnetic fields and pineal function in humans: evaluation of nocturnal acute exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields on serum melatonin and urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin circadian rhythms.
Magnetic storm effect on the circulation of rabbits.
Melatonin and a spin-trap compound block radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Melatonin and magnetic fields.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
Melatonin metabolite levels in workers exposed to 60-Hz magnetic fields: work in substations and with 3-phase conductors.
Melatonin modulates 900 Mhz microwave-induced lipid peroxidation changes in rat brain.
Melatonin protects rat cerebellar granule cells against electromagnetic field-induced increases in Na(+) currents through intracellular Ca(2+) release.

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Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Melatonin reduces oxidative stress induced by chronic exposure of microwave radiation from mobile phones in rat brain.
Melatonin suppression by static and extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: relationship to the reported increased incidence of cancer.
Mobile phone radiation induces mode-dependent DNA damage in a mouse spermatocyte-derived cell line: a protective role of melatonin.
Mobile phones and health: a literature overview.
Modifying effect of light and electromagnetic field on development of mammary tumors induced by N-nitrosomethyl urea in female rats].
Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin.
Morphometric and structural study of the pineal gland of the Wistar rat subjected to the pulse action of a 52 Gauss, (50 Hz) magnetic field. Evolutive analysis over 21 days.
Multi-night exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields: effects on melatonin and its enzymatic metabolite.
Neuroprotective effects of melatonin and omega-3 on hippocampal cells prenatally exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Nighttime exposure to electromagnetic fields and childhood leukemia: an extended pooled analysis.
Nocturnal 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate excretion in female workers exposed to magnetic fields.
Nocturnal excretion of a urinary melatonin metabolite among electric utility workers.
Nocturnal exposure to intermittent 60 Hz magnetic fields alters human cardiac rhythm.
Non-thermal biomarkers of exposure to radiofrequency/microwave radiation.
Nonionizing electromagnetic fields and cancer: a review.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.
Pathophysiology of microwave radiation: effect on rat brain.
Prevention of mobile phone induced skin tissue changes by melatonin in rat: an experimental study.
Protective effect of melatonin and vitamin E against prooxidative action of iron ions and static magnetic field].
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Rapid-onset/offset, variably scheduled 60 Hz electric and magnetic field exposure reduces nocturnal serum melatonin concentration in nonhuman primates.
Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences.
Reduced excretion of a melatonin metabolite in workers exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields.
Relationship between amyloid beta protein and melatonin metabolite in a study of electric utility workers.
Residential magnetic fields and the risk of breast cancer.
Risk factors, health risks, and risk management for aircraft personnel and frequent flyers.
Role of melatonin on electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress and Ca2+ signaling molecular pathways in breast cancer.
Serum-thyroxine levels in microwave-exposed rats.
Shift work, light at night, and breast cancer on Long Island, New York.
Temporal trends and misclassification in residential 60 Hz magnetic field measurements.
The effect of melatonin on body mass and behaviour of rats during an exposure to microwave radiation from mobile phone.
The effect of melatonin on the liver of rats exposed to microwave radiation.
The Effects of Electromagnetic Field on the Endocrine System in Children and Adolescents.
The effects of electromagnetic radiation (2450 MHz wireless devices) on the heart and blood tissue: role of melatonin.
The effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on melatonin and cortisol, two marker rhythms of the circadian system.
The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation.
The excretion of 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate in healthy young men exposed to electromagnetic fields emitted by cellular phone -- an experimental study.
The impact of electromagnetic field at a frequency of 50 Hz and a magnetic induction of 2.5 mT on viability of pineal cells in vitro.
The influence of long-term exposure of mice to randomly varied power frequency magnetic fields on their nocturnal melatonin secretion patterns.
The melatonin hypothesis: electric power and breast cancer.
The relationship between electromagnetic field and light exposures to melatonin and breast cancer risk: a review of the relevant literature.

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The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field.
Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats.
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.).
Urinary 6-sulphatoxymelatonin excretion is increased in rats after 24 hours of exposure to vertical 50 Hz, 100 microT magnetic field.
Variations of melatonin and stress hormones under extended shifts and radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.

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FACTOR 16
Theme - Eye diseases
Key MeSH Headings - Eye Diseases, Cataract, Vision Disorders, Sensation Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Lens, Crystalline, Corneal Diseases, Edema, Hematologic Diseases
Titles
A quantitative study on early changes in rabbit lens capsule epithelium induced by low power density microwave radiation].
Acute microwave irradiation and cataract formation in rabbits and monkeys. Acute ocular lesions after exposure to electromagnetic radiation of ultrahigh frequency (an experimental study)]. Age-Related Modulations of AQP4 and Caveolin-1 in the Hippocampus Predispose the Toxic Effect of Phoneutria nigriventer Spider Venom.
Ascorbic acid changes in cultured rabbit lenses after microwave irradiation.
Biologic effects and hygienic regulation of electromagnetic fields caused by mobile communication devices].
Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields].
Cataracts induced by microwave and ionizing radiation. Changes in gap junctional intercellular communication in rabbits lens epithelial cells induced by low power density microwave radiation.
Combined microwave energy and fixative agent for cataract induction in pig eyes.
Comments on Frey's "Data analysis reveals significant microwave-induced eye damage in humans".
Data analysis reveals significant microwave-induced eye damage in humans.
Dependence of anti-inflammatory effects of high peak-power pulsed electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency on exposure parameters]. DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells]. Dosimetric study of microwave cataractogenesis.
Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro].
Effect of high-power density microwave irradiation on the soluble proteins of the rabbit lens.
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Effect of long-term power frequency electromagnetic field exposure on proliferation and apoptosis of SRA01/04 cells].
Effect of low-intensity microwave radiation on proliferation of cultured epithelial cells of rabbit lens].
Effect of superposed electromagnetic noise on DNA damage of lens epithelial cells induced by microwave radiation.
Effects of different dose microwave radiation on protein components of cultured rabbit lens]. Effects of exposure to microwaves: problems and perspectives.
Effects of Long-Term Exposure to 60 GHz Millimeter-Wavelength Radiation on the Genotoxicity and Heat Shock Protein (Hsp) Expression of Cells Derived from Human Eye.
Effects of melatonin on Wi-Fi-induced oxidative stress in lens of rats.
Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective. Effects of microwave radiation on the lens epithelium in the rabbit eye.
Effects of mobile phones and radar radiofrequencies on the eye].
Effects of mobile phones on oxidant/antioxidant balance in cornea and lens of rats.
Effects of repeated microwave irradiations to the albino rabbit eye.
Electrical properties of lens material at microwave frequencies. Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells.
Epidemiologic studies of the effect of microwaves (neurophysiologic, hematologic and ophthalmologic aspects)].
Epidemiological studies of human exposures to radiofrequency radiation. A critical review.
Evaluation of lens transparency in persons exposed to electromagnetic radiation of 27--30 MHz frequency].
Evaluation of possible microwave-induced lens changes in the United States Air Force. Experimental studies on the influence of millimeter radiation on light transmission through the lens].
Features of anti-inflammatory effects of modulated extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
Glutathione concentration and peptidase activity in the lens after exposure to microwaves. Hazards of radio frequency magnetic field and their prevention and control].

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Health problems among workers of iron welding machines: an effect of electromagnetic fields. In vitro studies of microwave-induced cataract. II. Comparison of damage observed for continuous wave and pulsed microwaves. In vitro studies of microwave-induced cataract: reciprocity between exposure duration and dose rate for pulsed microwaves. Increased occurrence of nuclear cataract in the calf after erection of a mobile phone base station]. Inducing cataract in postmortem pig eyes for cataract surgery training purposes. Localized effects of microwave radiation on the intact eye lens in culture conditions. Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells. Low power microwave radiation inhibits the proliferation of rabbit lens epithelial cells by upregulating P27Kip1 expression. Low-intensity microwave blockes cell cycle and regulate cell cycle related gene expression in rabbit lens epithelial cells]. Microwave cataract and litigation: a case study. Microwave cyclodestruction: evaluation on human eyes. Microwave lens effects in humans. II. Results of five-year survey. Microwave radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations in corneal epithelium of Chinese hamsters. Microwaves and the visual analyzer]. Millimeter wave absorption in the nonhuman primate eye at 35 GHz and 94 GHz. Mobile Phone Radiation: Physiological & Pathophysiologcal Considerations. Neurotic disturbances, depression and anxiety disorders in the population living in the vicinity of overhead high-voltage transmission line 400 kV. Epidemiological pilot study]. Non-thermal cellular effects of lowpower microwave radiation on the lens and lens epithelial cells. Observation of microwave-induced eye lens surface motion in vitro. Ocular effects of radiofrequency energy. Odontologic survey of referred patients with symptoms allegedly caused by electricity or visual display units. On the microwave exposure.

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Phantom vibration and phantom ringing among mobile phone users: A systematic review of literature.
Post-mortem histologic evaluation of microwave lesions after epicardial pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation.
Prevalence of nuclear cataract in Swiss veal calves and its possible association with mobile telephone antenna base stations.
Proteomic analysis of human lens epithelial cells exposed to microwaves. Radiofrequency and microwave radiation in the microelectronics industry.
Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
Some ocular symptoms experienced by users of mobile phones.
State of peripheral blood of technical personnel exposed to constant magnetic fields]. The effect of extremely low frequency magnetic field on the conjunctiva and goblet cells.
The effects of cell phone use on peripheral vision.
The effects of ionizing radiation, microwaves, and ultrasound on the developing embryo: clinical interpretations and applications of the data.
The ocular effects of microwaves on hypothermic rabbits: a study of microwave cataractogenic mechanisms.
Thermal cataract formation in rabbits. Thresholds for lenticular damage in the rabbit eye due to single exposure to CW microwave radiation: an analysis of the experimental information at a frequency of 2.45 GHz.
Ultrastructural change of rabbit lens epithelial cells induced by low power level microwave radiation].
Ultrastructural changes in the rabbit lens induced by microwave radiation.
Video display terminals: risk of electromagnetic radiation.

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FACTOR 17
Theme - Electromagnetic interference in implanted electronic devices
Key MeSH Headings - Tachycardia, Ventricular, Ventricular Fibrillation, Death, Sudden, Cardiac, Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Titles
AANA Journal Course: update for nurse anesthetists. Arrhythmia management devices and electromagnetic interference.
Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000.
Are patients with cardiac implants protected against electromagnetic interference in daily life and occupational environment?
Avoidance behaviors in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
Cardiac autonomic control mechanisms in power-frequency magnetic fields: a multistudy analysis.
Deaths associated with implantable cardioverter defibrillator failure and deactivation reported in the United States Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database.
Detection of refrigerator-associated 60 Hz alternating current as ventricular fibrillation by an implantable defibrillator.
Disturbances in the function of cardiac pacemaker caused by short wave and microwave diathermies and pulsed high frequency current.
Do airport metal detectors interfere with implantable pacemakers or cardioverter-defibrillators?
Do media players cause interference with pacemakers?
Do mobile telephones have adverse effects on the functions of implantable cardioverter defibrillators?].
ECG changes caused by the effect of static magnetic fields of nuclear magnetic resonance tomography using magnets with a field power of 0.5 to 4.0 Telsa].
Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on electrocardiograms of guinea pigs.
Electromagnetic fields and health effects--epidemiologic studies of cancer, diseases of the central nervous system and arrhythmia-related heart disease.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and arrhythmic events in ICD patients undergoing gastrointestinal procedures.
Electromagnetic interference in cardiac rhythm management devices.
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Electromagnetic interference in implantable cardioverter defibrillators: present but rare. Electromagnetic interference of cardiac rhythmic monitoring devices to radio frequency identification: analytical analysis and mitigation methodology. Electromagnetic interference with cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators from low-frequency electromagnetic fields in vivo. Electromagnetic interference with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators at power frequency: an in vivo study. Fine structural alterations in radiofrequency energy-induced lesions in dog hearts: possible basis for reduced arrhythmic complications. Implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cellular telephones: is there any interference? Implanted devices and electromagnetic interference: case presentations and review. Induction ovens and electromagnetic interference: what is the risk for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators? Induction ovens and electromagnetic interference: what is the risk for patients with implanted pacemakers? Influence of 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields on the human heart. Influence of digital and analogue cellular telephones on implanted pacemakers. Interference of electrical dental equipment with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Interference with cardiac pacemakers by cellular telephones. Interference with cardiac pacing. Is there any risk interaction between electromagnetic field generated by mobile phones and artificial pacemakers]. Magnetic field exposure and arrythmic risk: evaluation in railway drivers. Magnetism and cardiac arrhythmias. Microwave effects on isolated chick embryo hearts. Modifications in ventricular fibrillation and capture capacity induced by a linear radiofrequency lesion. Risk of severe cardiac arrhythmia in male utility workers: a nationwide danish cohort study. Selective interference with pacemaker activity by electrical dental devices. Studies on microwaves in medicine and biology: from snails to humans. The effect of power frequency high intensity electric fields on implanted cardiac pacemakers.
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Ventricular fibrillation induced by radiofrequency energy delivery for premature ventricular contractions arising from the right ventricular outflow tract: is implantablecardioverterdefibrillator indicated?

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FACTOR 18
Theme ­ Liver Neoplasms
Key MeSH Headings - Liver Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Lymphatic Metastasis
Titles
40 GHz RF biosensor based on microwave coplanar waveguide transmission line for cancer cells (HepG2) dielectric characterization.
A case of hepatocellular carcinoma rupturing after angiography.
A case of recurring hepatocellular carcinoma with a solitary Virchow's lymph node metastasis.
A case report of primary hepatic carcinoid with lymph node metastasis--treatment of hepatic arterial infusion to post-reoperative liver and radiation to metastasis of para-aortic lymph nodes].
Construction and clinical significance of a predictive system for prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) exposure on B6C3F1 mice.
Geomagnetic field variation in early ontogenesis as a risk factor for oncopathology].
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Lymphoma development of simultaneously combined exposure to two radiofrequency signals in AKR/J mice.
Mobile phone radiation alters proliferation of hepatocarcinoma cells.
MoS2 nanosheets encapsulated in sodium alginate microcapsules as microwave embolization agents for large orthotopic transplantation tumor therapy.
Multimodal treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Non-resection approaches for colorectal liver metastases.
Rat liver foci study on coexposure with 50 Hz magnetic fields and known carcinogens.

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FACTOR 19
Theme ­ Symptoms of discomfort
Key MeSH Headings - Headache, Dizziness, Fatigue, Depression, Anxiety, Tremor, Sleep Wake Disorders, Neurotic Disorders, Stress, Psychological, Anxiety Disorders, Nervous System Diseases
Titles
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.
A literature review of medical side effects from radio-frequency energy in the human environment: involving cancer, tumors, and problems of the central nervous system.
A study on the biological effects of exposure mobile-phone frequency EMF].
A survey study on some neurological symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.
Altered cortical excitability in subjectively electrosensitive patients: results of a pilot study.
An analysis of the impact of cell phone use on depressive symptoms among Japanese elders.
Anxiety-like behavioural effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field in rats.
Anxiogenic effect of chronic exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic field in adult rats.
Are media reports able to cause somatic symptoms attributed to WiFi radiation? An experimental test of the negative expectation hypothesis.
Association between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and Insomnia and Depression among Japanese Adolescents.
Association between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields assessed by dosimetry and acute symptoms in children and adolescents: a population based cross-sectional study.
Association between mobile phone use and depressed mood in Japanese adolescents: a crosssectional study.
Association between overuse of mobile phones on quality of sleep and general health among occupational health and safety students.
Association between problematic cellular phone use and suicide: the moderating effect of family function and depression.
Association of low job control with a decrease in memory (CD4+ CD45RO+) T lymphocytes in Japanese middle-aged male workers in an electric power plant.
Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.

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Association of tinnitus and electromagnetic hypersensitivity: hints for a shared pathophysiology?
Associations between problematic mobile phone use and psychological parameters in young adults.
Avoidance behaviors in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
Bedtime mobile phone use and sleep in adults.
Behavior and memory evaluation of Wistar rats exposed to 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Can exposure to a terrestrial trunked radio (TETRA)-like signal cause symptoms? A randomised double-blind provocation study.
Cancer incidence and magnetic field exposure in industries using resistance welding in Sweden.
Cell phones: modern man's nemesis?
Cellular phones for reducing battlefield stress: rationale and a preliminary research.
Cerebral radiofrequency exposures during adolescence: Impact on astrocytes and brain functions in healthy and pathologic rat models.
Chronic exposure to an extremely low-frequency magnetic field induces depression-like behavior and corticosterone secretion without enhancement of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis in mice.
Chronic exposure to ELF fields may induce depression.
Clinical features of headache associated with mobile phone use: a cross-sectional study in university students.
Cohort study on the effects of everyday life radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure on non-specific symptoms and tinnitus.
Contribution of physical factors to the complex anthropogenic load in an industrial town].
Coping and self-image in patients with visual display terminal-related skin symptoms and perceived hypersensitivity to electricity.
Correction of microcirculatory disturbances with terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies in albino rats under conditions of acute stress.
Delayed biological effect of electromagnetic fields action].
Depression in high voltage power line workers.
Determinants and stability over time of perception of health risks related to mobile phone base stations.
Development of a problematic mobile phone use scale for Turkish adolescents.

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Do mobile phone base stations affect sleep of residents? Results from an experimental doubleblind sham-controlled field study.
Does short-term exposure to mobile phone base station signals increase symptoms in individuals who report sensitivity to electromagnetic fields? A double-blind randomized provocation study.
Effect of hypokinetic stress and low intensity electromagnetic field of extremely high frequency on changes of cytokine concentration in rat blood].
Effect of short-term 50 Hz electromagnetic field exposure on the behavior of rats.
Effect of stress and intesity of mobile phone using on the health and subjective symptoms in GSM workers].
Effective methods of protection from technogenic electromagnetic irradiation and informationwave diagnostic means].
Effects of acute exposure to ultrahigh radiofrequency radiation on three antenna engineers.
Effects of chronic exposure of power frequency magnetic field on neurobehavior in rats].
Effects of electromagnetic fields from mobile phones on depression and anxiety after titanium mesh cranioplasty among patients with traumatic brain injury.
Effects of exposure to microwaves: problems and perspectives.
Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (100muT) on behaviors in rats.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on the experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) rat model of multiple sclerosis.
Effects of GSM-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Some Physiological and Biochemical Parameters in Rats.
Effects of information and 50 Hz magnetic fields on cognitive performance and reported symptoms.
Effects of mobile phone radiation (900 MHz radiofrequency) on structure and functions of rat brain.
Effects of Sleep Quality on the Association between Problematic Mobile Phone Use and Mental Health Symptoms in Chinese College Students.
Electromagnetic field effect or simply stress? Effects of UMTS exposure on hippocampal longterm plasticity in the context of procedure related hormone release.
Electromagnetic fields and health outcomes.
Electromagnetic fields at a mobile phone frequency (900 MHz) trigger the onset of general stress response along with DNA modifications in Eisenia fetida earthworms.
Electromagnetic fields hypersensitivity].
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Electromagnetic fields: damage to health due to the nocebo effect].
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) and subjective health complaints associated with electromagnetic fields of mobile phone communication--a literature review published between 2000 and 2004.
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: evidence for a novel neurological syndrome.
Endocrine mechanism of placental circulatory disturbances induced by microwave in pregnant rats].
Enhancement of allergic skin wheal responses in patients with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome by playing video games or by a frequently ringing mobile phone.
Environmental illness: fatigue and cholinesterase activity in patients reporting hypersensitivity to electricity.
Enzymatic activity of some tissues and blood serum from animals and humans exposed to microwaves and hypothesis on the possible role of free radical processes in the nonlinear effects and modification of emotional behavior of animals].
Epidemiologic studies of the effect of microwaves (neurophysiologic, hematologic and ophthalmologic aspects)].
Epidemiological risk assessment of pathology development in occupational exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields].
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested casecontrol study.
Exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic field radiation, ringtone and vibration affects anxietylike behaviour and oxidative stress biomarkers in albino wistar rats.
Exposure to radio-frequency radiation from an aircraft radar unit.
Expression of the immediate early gene, c-fos, in mouse brain after acute global system for mobile communication microwave exposure.
Follow up study on the immune response to low frequency electromagnetic fields in men and women working in a museum.
Frequent cellular phone use modifies hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response to a cellular phone call after mental stress in healthy children and adolescents: A pilot study.
Functional changes in human peripheral neutrophils in workers with different exposure to noxious agents.

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Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Reproductive-Age Female Operators of Plastic Welding Machines in Fuzhou, China.
Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran.
Health of workers exposed to electric fields. Health response of two communities to military antennae in Cyprus.
Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic fields].
Hypersensitivity to electricity: working definition and additional characterization of the syndrome.
Individual subject sensitivity to extremely low frequency magnetic field.
Individual variation in temporal relationships between exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and non-specific physical symptoms: A new approach in studying 'electrosensitivity'.
Influence of electromagnetic fields on the emotional behaviour of rats]. Influence of microwave exposure on chlordiazepoxide effects in the mouse staircase test.
Interference with cardiac pacemakers by cellular telephones.
Investigation of sleep disorders in the vicinity of high frequency transmitters].
Is There a Connection Between Electrosensitivity and Electrosensibility? A Replication Study. Life styles, anxiety, expertise: the perception of risk from electromagnetic fields.
Low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in fibromyalgia: a randomized, doubleblind, sham-controlled clinical study.
Low-level microwave irradiation and central cholinergic systems.
Magnetic fields of transmission lines and depression.
Magnetic fields of video display terminals and spontaneous abortion. MEMO--a mobile phone depression prevention intervention for adolescents: development process and postprogram findings on acceptability from a randomized controlled trial.
Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.
Microwave sickness: a reappraisal.
Mobile communication and health of population: estimation of danger, social and ethical problems].

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Mobile communication: radiobiology problems and evaluation of danger].
Mobile phone base stations and adverse health effects: phase 1 of a population-based, crosssectional study in Germany.
Mobile phone base stations and adverse health effects: phase 2 of a cross-sectional study with measured radio frequency electromagnetic fields.
Mobile phone headache: a double blind, sham-controlled provocation study.
Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study.
Mobile phone use and subjective symptoms. Comparison of symptoms experienced by users of analogue and digital mobile phones.
Mobile Phone Use and The Risk of Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Crosssectional Studies.
Mobile phone use, school electromagnetic field levels and related symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among 2150 high school students in Izmir.
Motor activity of rabbits in conditions of chronic low-intensity pulse microwave irradiation].
Natural very-low-frequency sferics and headache.
Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations.
Neurodegenerative diseases, suicide and depressive symptoms in relation to EMF.
Neurological changes induced by a mobile phone.
Neurophysiological effects of flickering light in patients with perceived electrical hypersensitivity.
Neurotic disturbances, depression and anxiety disorders in the population living in the vicinity of overhead high-voltage transmission line 400 kV. Epidemiological pilot study].
Non-contact determination of parasympathetic activation induced by a full stomach using microwave radar.
Non-specific physical symptoms and electromagnetic field exposure in the general population: can we get more specific? A systematic review.
Occupational electromagnetic field exposures associated with sleep quality: a cross-sectional study.
Occupational factors of anxiety and depressive disorders in the French National Electricity and Gas Company. The Anxiety-Depression Group.
Odontologic survey of referred patients with symptoms allegedly caused by electricity or visual display units.
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Phantom vibration and phantom ringing among mobile phone users: A systematic review of literature.
Physical factors and stress].
Physicians appeals on the dangers of mobile communication--what is the evidence? Assessment of public health data.
Polluted places or polluted minds? An experimental sham-exposure study on background psychological factors of symptom formation in 'Idiophatic Environmental Intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields'.
Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use.
Prevalence of annoyance attributed to electrical equipment and smells in a Swedish population, and relationship with subjective health and daily functioning.
Prevalence of depression among electrical workers.
Prevalence of headache among handheld cellular telephone users in Singapore: a community study.
Provocation with stress and electricity of patients with "sensitivity to electricity".
Psychologic aspects of patients with symptoms presumed to be caused by electricity or visual display units.
Psychological factors associated with self-reported sensitivity to mobile phones.
Psychological symptoms and intermittent hypertension following acute microwave exposure.
Quantitative analysis of lesion parameters in radiofrequency trigeminal rhizotomy.
Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature].
Recent data from the literature on the biological and pathologic effects of electromagnetic radiation, radio waves and stray currents].
Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health.
Risk factors, health risks, and risk management for aircraft personnel and frequent flyers.
Self-reported depression and anxiety symptoms and usage of computers and mobile phones among working-age Finns.
Self-reporting of symptom development from exposure to radiofrequency fields of wireless smart meters in victoria, australia: a case series.
Specific patterns of weak (1 microTesla) transcerebral complex magnetic fields differentially affect depression, fatigue, and confusion in normal volunteers.
Speculations on the influence of electromagnetism on genomic and associated structures.

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Stress-related endocrinological and psychopathological effects of short- and long-term 50Hz electromagnetic field exposure in rats.
Study of human neurovegetative and hematologic effects of environmental low-frequency (50Hz) electromagnetic fields produced by transformers.
Subjective symptoms related to mobile phone use--a pilot study].
Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations.
Sympathetic Resonance Technology: scientific foundation and summary of biologic and clinical studies.
Symptom prevalence and worry about high voltage transmission lines.
Symptoms experienced by people in vicinity of base stations: II/ Incidences of age, duration of exposure, location of subjects in relation to the antennas and other electromagnetic factors].
Symptoms of ill health ascribed to electromagnetic field exposure--a questionnaire survey.
Symptoms of problematic cellular phone use, functional impairment and its association with depression among adolescents in Southern Taiwan.
Symptoms reported by mobile cellular telephone users].
Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivity.
The association between use of mobile phones after lights out and sleep disturbances among Japanese adolescents: a nationwide cross-sectional survey.
The effect of chronic exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on sleep quality, stress, depression and anxiety.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the mobile phone range on the behaviour of the rat.
The effects of 884 MHz GSM wireless communication signals on headache and other symptoms: an experimental provocation study.
The effects of multivitamin supplementation on mood and general well-being in healthy young adults. A laboratory and at-home mobile phone assessment.
The immune response of women with prolonged exposure to electromagnetic fields produced by radiotelevision broadcasting stations.
The influence of occupational environment and professional factors on the risk of cardiovascular disease].
The prevalence of symptoms attributed to electromagnetic field exposure: a cross-sectional representative survey in Switzerland.

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The relationship between adolescents' well-being and their wireless phone use: a cross-sectional study.
The risk of subjective symptoms in mobile phone users in Poland--an epidemiological study.
The role of anxiety in the perception of technological hazards - a cross-sectional study on cell phones and masts.
The role of electromagnetic fields in neurological disorders.
Time-dependent hematological changes in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Use of terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies for the correction of thyroid functional state during stress].
Work environment and cardiovascular diseases. A short review of the literature.

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FACTOR 20
Theme - Neoplasms
Key MeSH Headings - Lung Neoplasms, Ovarian Neoplasms, Pituitary Neoplasms, Lymphoma, Prostatic Neoplasms, Colonic Neoplasms, Carcinoma, Breast Neoplasms, Hematologic Neoplasms, Neoplasms, Liver Neoplasms, Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Nervous System Neoplasms
Titles
2-GHz band CW and W-CDMA modulated radiofrequency fields have no significant effect on cell proliferation and gene expression profile in human cells.
40 GHz RF biosensor based on microwave coplanar waveguide transmission line for cancer cells (HepG2) dielectric characterization.
50 Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields enhance protein carbonyl groups content in cancer cells: effects on proteasomal systems.
50-Hz electromagnetic environment and the incidence of childhood tumors in Stockholm County.
A case of hepatocellular carcinoma rupturing after angiography.
A case of recurring hepatocellular carcinoma with a solitary Virchow's lymph node metastasis.
A case report of primary hepatic carcinoid with lymph node metastasis--treatment of hepatic arterial infusion to post-reoperative liver and radiation to metastasis of para-aortic lymph nodes].
A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues obtained from cancer surgeries.
A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies of electric and magnetic fields and breast cancer in women and men.
A microwave radiometric method for the study of the semiconductor properties of living tissue: its potential application to tumour location.
A mortality study of electrical utility workers in Quebec.
A new electromagnetic exposure metric: high frequency voltage transients associated with increased cancer incidence in teachers in a California school.
A review of cancer induction by extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields. Is there a plausible mechanism?
A review of epidemiological studies on the relationship of residential electromagnetic exposure to cancer].
A unified approach to the analysis of case-distribution (case-only) studies.
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Activation of Signaling Cascades by Weak Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields.
Adult cancers near high-voltage overhead power lines.
Age diseases depending on geomagnetic field activity inside the womb period]. Alternate indices of electric and magnetic field exposures among Ontario electrical utility workers.
Aluminum, calcium ion and radiofrequency synergism in acceleration of lymphomagenesis.
An alternate hypothesis for the association between electrical wiring configurations and cancer.
An apparently incongruous exposure-response relationship resulting from the use of job description to assess magnetic field exposure.
An epidemiological study of cancer morbidity and mortality among the population living in areas close to thermal and atomic electric power stations]. An evaluation of the existing evidence on the carcinogenic potential of extremely low frequency magnetic fields.
An evaluation of the mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic potential of microwaves.
Animal carcinogenicity studies on radiofrequency fields related to mobile phones and base stations.
Annals of conflicting results: looking back on electromagnetic field research.
Are mobile phones harmful? Are the stray 60-Hz electromagnetic fields associated with the distribution and use of electric power a significant cause of cancer?
Assessment of occupational exposure patterns by frequency-domain analysis of time series data.
Association between exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers in Quebec, Canada, and France.
Association of childhood cancer with residential traffic density.
Bioelectromagnetic field effects on cancer cells and mice tumors. Biologic effects and health consequences of low and high (radio) frequency electromagnetic fields.
Biological and health effects on electric and magnetic fields at extremely low frequencies].
Biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave radiation: a review.
Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and recently updated safety guidelines for strong static magnetic fields.

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Biological effects of electromagnetic fields]. Biological effects of low frequency electromagnetic fields. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields: Two sides of a coin. Biological effects of power-frequency fields as they relate to carcinogenesis. Biological influences of electromagnetic fields]. Biological mechanisms and health effects of emf in view of requirements of reports on the impact of various installations on the environment]. Biologically based epidemiological studies of electric power and cancer. Biophysical cancer transformation pathway. Breast cancer and electric power. Breast cancer and electromagnetic fields--a review. Cancer cluster among young Indian adults living near power transmission lines in Bom Jesus do Tocantins, Para, brazil. Cancer from exposure to 50/60 Hz electric and magnetic fields--a major scientific debate. Cancer in Korean war navy technicians: mortality survey after 40 years. Cancer in the electric power industry. Cancer incidence among Norwegian airline pilots. Cancer incidence among welders: possible effects of exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation (ELF) and to welding fumes. Cancer incidence and mortality and proximity to TV towers. Cancer incidence in California flight attendants (United States). Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. I. Sutton Coldfield transmitter. Cancer incidence near radio and television transmitters in Great Britain. II. All high power transmitters. Cancer mortality among electricity utility workers in a the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil]. Cancer mortality and residence near electricity transmission equipment: a retrospective cohort study. Carcinogenesis and initiation of cell cycling by charge-induced membrane clusters may be due to mitogen receptors and Na+/H+ antiports. Carcinogenic risk of extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields: state of the art].
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Case-control study of childhood cancer and exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields. Cell phones and tumor: still in no man's land. Cell phones: modern man's nemesis? Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation. Cellular phones and public health]. Chicken embryo fibroblasts exposed to weak, time-varying magnetic fields share cell proliferation, adenosine deaminase activity, and membrane characteristics of transformed cells. Childhood cancer and magnetic fields from high-voltage power lines in England and Wales: a case-control study.
Childhood cancer and residential proximity to power lines. UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators. Childhood cancer in relation to a modified residential wire code. Chronic toxicity/oncogenicity evaluation of 60 Hz (power frequency) magnetic fields in B6C3F1 mice. Cohort and nested case-control studies of hematopoietic cancers and brain cancer among electric utility workers. Combined biological effect of electromagnetic fields and chemical substances (toxic)]. Construction and clinical significance of a predictive system for prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Current Understanding of the Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. Delayed biological effect of electromagnetic fields action]. Description of a new computer wire coding method and its application to evaluate potential control selection bias in the Savitz et al. childhood cancer study. Determining health policy for sensible mobile phone use--current world status]. Developing policy in the face of scientific uncertainty: interpreting 0.3 microT or 0.4 microT cutpoints from EMF epidemiologic studies. Dielectric Properties for Differentiating Normal and Malignant Thyroid Tissues. Dielectric properties for non-invasive detection of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues using microwave theories. Dirty electricity": what, where, and should we care? Do extremely low frequency magnetic fields enhance the effects of environmental carcinogens? A meta-analysis of experimental studies.
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Does our electricity distribution system pose a serious risk to public health? Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on chemically induced differentiation of friend erythroleukemia cells. Effect of lesion morphology on microwave signature in 2-D ultra-wideband breast imaging. Effect of magnetic field exposure on anchorage-independent growth of a promoter-sensitive mouse epidermal cell line (JB6). Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced NF-kappaB. Effect of pulsed electromagnetic field with different frequencies on the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of human ovarian cancer cells]. Effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation and phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13acetate on dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer in mice. Effects of 2450 MHz electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on methylcholanthreneinduced transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells. Effects of 60-Hz fields, estradiol and xenoestrogens on human breast cancer cells. Effects of ELF magnetic fields on protein expression profile of human breast cancer cell MCF7. Effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) exposure on B6C3F1 mice. Effects of extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields on morphological and biochemical properties of human breast carcinoma cells (T47D). Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary. Electric and magnetic fields (EMF): what do we know about the health effects? Electric and magnetic fields and health outcomes--an overview. Electric blanket or mattress cover use and breast cancer incidence in women 50-79 years of age. Electric blanket use and breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study. Electric blanket use and breast cancer on Long Island. Electric blanket use and breast cancer risk among younger women. Electric power, pineal function, and the risk of breast cancer. Electromagnetic field exposure and cancer: a review of epidemiologic evidence. Electromagnetic field exposures and childhood cancers in New Zealand. Electromagnetic fields and breast cancer on Long Island: a case-control study. Electromagnetic fields and cancer in children residing near Norwegian high-voltage power lines.
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Electromagnetic fields and cancer risks. Electromagnetic fields and female breast cancer. Electromagnetic fields and health outcomes. Electromagnetic fields and male breast cancer. Electromagnetic fields and people's health]. Electromagnetic fields from high-voltage installations and cancer in childhood]. Electromagnetic fields, polychlorinated biphenyls, and prostate cancer mortality in electric utility workers. Electromagnetic fields: is there any probability of the risk of cancer?]. Electromagnetic fields: low dose exposure, current update. Electromagnetic residential fields and childhood cancers: state of epidemiological research]. ELF magnetic fields in a city environment. EMF and current cancer concepts. EMF-cancer link: the ferritin hypothesis. Enhancement of efficacy of neoadjuvant polychemotherapy in combined treatment of lung cancer]. Environment and cancer risk]. Environmental exposure to electromagnetic fields and the risk of cancer]. Environmental factors and breast cancer. Environmental factors and childhood acute leukemias and lymphomas. Environmental risk factors and female breast cancer. Epidemiologic studies of electric and magnetic fields and cancer: a case study of distortions by the media. Epidemiologic studies of electric and magnetic fields and cancer: strategies for extending knowledge. Epidemiologic study of residential proximity to transmission lines and childhood cancer in California: description of design, epidemiologic methods and study population. Epidemiological appraisal of studies of residential exposure to power frequency magnetic fields and adult cancers. Epidemiological risk assessment of mobile phones and cancer: where can we improve?

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Estimates of Environmental Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields and Risk of Lymphoma Subtypes.
EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses.
Evaluation of health risks caused by radio frequency accelerated carcinogenesis: the importance of processes driven by the calcium ion signal.
Evaluation of potential confounders in planning a study of occupational magnetic field exposure and female breast cancer.
Evidence for microwave carcinogenesis in vitro.
Examination of the melatonin hypothesis in women exposed at night to EMF or bright light.
Exposure assessment for power frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and its application to epidemiologic studies.
Exposure from occupational versus other sources.
Exposure to 50-Hz electric field and incidence of leukemia, brain tumors, and other cancers among French electric utility workers.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields and the risk of leukemia.
Exposure to electromagnetic fields from use of electric blankets and other in-home electrical appliances and breast cancer risk.
Exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and the risk of malignant diseases-an evaluation of epidemiological and experimental findings.
Exposure to low-frequency electromagnetic fields--a health hazard?
Exposure to power frequency electric fields and the risk of childhood cancer in the UK.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) and brain cancer in adults and children: review and comment.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and cancer: the epidemiologic evidence.
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields exposure and female breast cancer risk: a metaanalysis based on 24,338 cases and 60,628 controls.
Fields and currents in the organs of the human body when exposed to power lines and VLF transmitters.
Follow-up of radio and telegraph operators with exposure to electromagnetic fields and risk of breast cancer.
Genetic damage in human cells exposed to non-ionizing radiofrequency fields: a meta-analysis of the data from 88 publications (1990-2011).
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Genetic damage in mammalian somatic cells exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: a meta-analysis of data from 87 publications (1990-2007).
Genetic damage in mammalian somatic cells exposed to radiofrequency radiation: a metaanalysis of data from 63 publications (1990-2005).
Genotoxicity of radiofrequency radiation. DNA/Genetox Expert Panel.
Geomagnetic field variation in early ontogenesis as a risk factor for oncopathology].
Health disorders caused by radiation].
Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields.
How to approach complex mixtures: lessons from the epidemiology of electromagnetic fields.
Human cancer from environmental pollutants: the epidemiological evidence.
Human health consequences of environmentally-modulated gene expression: potential roles of ELF-EMF induced epigenetic versus mutagenic mechanisms of disease.
Hypothesis on a casual link between EMF and an evolutionary class of cancer and spontaneous abortion.
Incidence of breast cancer in a Norwegian cohort of women with potential workplace exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields.
Incidence of cancer among workers in Norwegian hydroelectric power companies.
Incidence of cancer in Norwegian workers potentially exposed to electromagnetic fields.
Incidence of cancer in persons with occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields in Denmark.
Increased incidence of cancer in a cohort of office workers exposed to strong magnetic fields.
Increased mortality in amateur radio operators due to lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies.
Induction of neoplastic transformation in C3H/10T1/2 cells by 2.45-GHz microwaves and phorbol ester.
Induction of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells by ELF electromagnetic fields.
Influence of power frequency electric and magnetic fields on human health.
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Interaction of static and extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields with living systems: health effects and research needs.

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Joint actions of environmental nonionizing electromagnetic fields and chemical pollution in cancer promotion.
Knowledge and perceptions of the health effects of environmental hazards in the general population in Italy.
Leukemia and lymphoma incidence in rodents exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields.
Limitations of interview-based risk assessment of RF exposure from appliances.
Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems.
Low intensity and frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields selectively impair breast cancer cell viability.
Low-frequency magnetic fields and cancer. What you should know and what to tell your patients.
Lymphoma development in mice chronically exposed to UMTS-modulated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Lymphoma development of simultaneously combined exposure to two radiofrequency signals in AKR/J mice.
Lymphoma induced in mice chronically exposed to very strong low-frequency electromagnetic field.
Magnetic field exposure related to cancer subtypes.
Magnetic fields and breast cancer in Swedish adults residing near high-voltage power lines.
Magnetic fields and cancer in children residing near Swedish high-voltage power lines.
Magnetic fields and childhood cancer--a pooled analysis of two Scandinavian studies.
Magnetic fields and mammary cancer in rodents: a critical review and evaluation of published literature.
Magnetic fields of high voltage power lines and risk of cancer in Finnish adults: nationwide cohort study.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest. Where we stand.
Maternal occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields before, during, and after pregnancy in relation to risks of childhood cancers: findings from the Oxford Survey of Childhood Cancers, 1953-1981 deaths.
Measurement of DNA damage and apoptosis in Molt-4 cells after in vitro exposure to radiofrequency radiation.
Melatonin and magnetic fields.
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Meta-analysis of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields and cancer risk: a pooled analysis of epidemiologic studies. Micronucleus induction in Syrian hamster embryo cells following exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields, benzo(a)pyrene, and TPA in vitro. Microwave absorption by normal and tumor cells. Microwave antigen retrieval blocks endogenous peroxidase activity in immunohistochemistry. Microwave induces apoptosis in A549 human lung carcinoma cell line. Mobile phone radiation alters proliferation of hepatocarcinoma cells. Mobile phone use and risk of brain neoplasms and other cancers: prospective study. Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis. Mobile phones, heat shock proteins and cancer. Mobile telecommunications and health: report of an investigation into an alleged cancer cluster in Sandwell, West Midlands. Mobile telephones and cancer--a review of epidemiological evidence. Modeling of noninvasive microwave characterization of breast tumors. Modification of the 1979 "Denver wire code" for different wire or plumbing types. Morbidity experience in populations residentially exposed to 50 hz magnetic fields: methodology and preliminary findings of a cohort study. Mortality among workers in the geothermal power plants at Larderello, Italy. Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Mortality in workers exposed to electromagnetic fields. Mortality indices for hemoblastoses in Rivno Province before and after the accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station]. Mortality of persons resident in the vicinity of electricity transmission facilities. Mortality of plastic-ware workers exposed to radiofrequencies. MoS2 nanosheets encapsulated in sodium alginate microcapsules as microwave embolization agents for large orthotopic transplantation tumor therapy. Multi-physics modeling to study the influence of tissue compression and cold stress on enhancing breast tumor detection using microwave radiometry. Multimodal treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
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Mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects induced by radiofrequency electromagnetic field of mobile phone]. Neoplastic transformation in C3H 10T(1/2) cells after exposure to 835.62 MHz FDMA and 847.74 MHz CDMA radiations. Neoplastic transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells following exposure to 120-Hz modulated 2.45GHz microwaves and phorbol ester tumor promoter. News in occupational cancers]. Non dietetic environmental risk factors in prostate cancer]. Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation: a study of carcinogenic and cancer treatment potential.
Non-resection approaches for colorectal liver metastases. Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany. Occupational and residential magnetic field exposure and breast cancer in females. Occupational exposure to electromagnetic field and breast cancer risk in a large, populationbased, case-control study in the United States. Occupational exposures associated with male breast cancer. Occupational exposures to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and postmenopausal breast cancer. Occupational magnetic field exposure and site-specific cancer incidence: a Swedish cohort study. Occupational magnetic fields and female breast cancer: a case-control study using Swedish population registers and new exposure data. Occupational risk factors for lung cancer in the French electricity and gas industry: a casecontrol survey nested in a cohort of active employees. Parental occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields and childhood cancer: a German case-control study. Parental occupational exposure to magnetic fields and childhood cancer (Sweden). Paternal occupational exposure to electro-magnetic fields as a risk factor for cancer in children and young adults: a case-control study from the North of England. Paternal work in the power industry: effects on children at delivery. Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system. Perspectives on health effects of electric and magnetic fields. Pituitary tumor risk in relation to mobile phone use: A case-control study.
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Population-based case-control study of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields and breast cancer. Power frequency electromagnetic fields and health. Where's the evidence? Preliminary study of cause-specific mortality of a population exposed to 50 Hz magnetic fields, in a district of Rome municipality]. Probing lymphoma infiltration in spleen of AKR/J mice chronically exposed to electromagnetic fields for risk assessment--toward noninvasive modeling. Prostate cancer in relation to the use of electric blanket or heated water bed. Radiation from mobile phone and the health].
Radio and microwave frequency radiation and health--an analysis of the literature]. Radio frequency radiation-related cancer: assessing causation in the occupational/military setting. Radiofrequency exposure and mammalian cell toxicity, genotoxicity, and transformation. Radiofrequency exposure and mortality from cancer of the brain and lymphatic/hematopoietic systems. Rat liver foci study on coexposure with 50 Hz magnetic fields and known carcinogens. Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences. Recent advances in research on radiofrequency fields and health. Recent data from the literature on the biological and pathologic effects of electromagnetic radiation, radio waves and stray currents]. Relationship between exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Remote effects of occupational and non-occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields of power-line frequency. Epidemiological studies]. Residence near high voltage facilities and risk of cancer in children. Residential and occupational exposure to 50 Hz magnetic fields and hematological cancers in Norway. Residential and occupational exposures to 50-Hz magnetic fields and breast cancer in women: a population-based study. Residential electric consumption and childhood cancer in Canada (1971-1986) Residential exposure to 60-Hertz magnetic fields and adult cancers in Taiwan. Residential exposure to magnetic fields and risk of canine lymphoma.
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Residential exposure to magnetic fields generated by 110-400 kV power lines in Finland.
Residential magnetic field exposure and breast cancer risk: a nested case-control study from a multiethnic cohort in Los Angeles County, California.
Residential magnetic fields and the risk of breast cancer.
Residential proximity to electricity transmission and distribution equipment and risk of childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, and childhood nervous system tumors: systematic review, evaluation, and meta-analysis.
Residential proximity to high-voltage power lines and risk of childhood hematological malignancies.
Results of lifespan exposure to continuous and intermittent extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELFEMF) administered alone to Sprague Dawley rats.
Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health.
Risk for leukaemia and brain and breast cancer among Danish utility workers: a second followup.
Risk of cancer among Danish electricity workers. A cohort study].
Risk of cancer among Danish utility workers--a nationwide cohort study.
Risk of cancer in Finnish children living close to power lines.
Risk of hematological malignancies associated with magnetic fields exposure from power lines: a case-control study in two municipalities of northern Italy.
Risk of major lymphoma subtypes and use of mobile phones].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to power magnetic fields--epidemiologic investigations].
Risk of neoplastic diseases in conditions of exposure to radio- and microwave fields-epidemiologic investigations].
Risk of pituitary tumors in cellular phone users: a case-control study.
Risk of premenopausal breast cancer and use of electric blankets.
Risk perception of the general public of cell phone towers and cancer: trend and associated factors, 2005-2010].
Risks of carcinogenesis from electromagnetic radiation of mobile telephony devices.
Rodent cell transformation and immediate early gene expression following 60-Hz magnetic field exposure.

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Role of melatonin on electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress and Ca2+ signaling molecular pathways in breast cancer.
Role of radical pairs and feedback in weak radio frequency field effects on biological systems.
Scaling Relationship of In Vivo Muscle Contraction Strength of Rabbits Exposed to HighFrequency Nanosecond Pulse Bursts.
Searching for the perfect wave: the effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on cells.
Selenium reduces mobile phone (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Shift work, light at night, and breast cancer on Long Island, New York.
Socioeconomic status, social mobility and cancer occurrence during working life: a case-control study among French electricity and gas workers.
Some characteristics of the glutathione cycle revealed by ionising and non-ionising electromagnetic radiation.
Speculations on the influence of electromagnetism on genomic and associated structures.
Studies on microwaves in medicine and biology: from snails to humans.
Studying the protein expression in human B lymphoblastoid cells exposed to 1.8-GHz (GSM) radiofrequency radiation (RFR) with protein microarray.
Teratogenic effect of broad-band electromagnetic field on neonatal mice (Mus musculus).
Testing electromagnetic fields for potential carcinogenic activity: a critical review of animal models.
The effects of 860 MHz radiofrequency radiation on the induction or promotion of brain tumors and other neoplasms in rats.
The effects of ionizing radiation, microwaves, and ultrasound on the developing embryo: clinical interpretations and applications of the data.
The effects of low-energy 60-Hz environmental electromagnetic fields upon the growth-related enzyme ornithine decarboxylase.
The effects of recall errors and of selection bias in epidemiologic studies of mobile phone use and cancer risk.
The electromagnetic spectrum: current and future applications in oncology.
The enhanced lethality of cells in suspension during simultaneous exposure to pulsed electrical and shock-wave acoustic fields].
The epidemiology of exposure to electromagnetic fields: an overview of the recent literature.

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The INTERPHONE study: design, epidemiological methods, and description of the study population. The measured electrical properties of normal and malignant human tissues from 50 to 900 MHz. The melatonin hypothesis: electric power and breast cancer. The relationship between electromagnetic field and light exposures to melatonin and breast cancer risk: a review of the relevant literature. The relative merits of contemporary measurements and historical calculated fields in the Swedish childhood cancer study. The residential case-specular method to study wire codes, magnetic fields, and disease. The role of chemical and physical factors in cancer development]. The role of household electromagnetic fields in the development of mammary tumors in women: clinical case-record observations. The use of cell phone and insight into its potential human health impacts. Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications? Transmission electron microscopy study of the effects produced by wide-band low-power millimeter waves on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in culture. Use of cellular telephones and risk of cancer. A Danish cohort study]. Use of electric bedding devices and risk of breast cancer in African-American women. Use of electric blankets and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Validation of self-reported cellular phone use. Variable E-cadherin expression in a MNU-induced colon tumor model in rats which exposed with 50 Hz frequency sinusoidal magnetic field.

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Appendix 4 ­ Hierarchical Text Clustering Taxonomy of Adverse EMF Effects Database
A4-A. Cluster Themes
A query to retrieve Medline records showing adverse health effects of wireless radiation was generated. The query was entered into the Medline search engine, and ~15,000 records were retrieved. Filtering was applied to the retrieval to remove records not associated with adverse health effects of wireless radiation, and 5311 records remained. Further filtering was not done, and more records showing no adverse effects, examining ELF frequencies, and exceeding the FCC exposure limits, were included compared to the filtered database in Appendix 2. The partially filtered records were imported into the CLUTO software, and a 48-cluster hierarchical text clustering of titles/abstracts was performed.
The following tables (A4-1, A4-2) show the categories in the taxonomy. The first table shows hierarchical Levels 2 and 4, and the second table shows Level 4 and its associated leaf (lowest level) clusters. For each cluster in both tables, the number of associated records is shown in parentheses, followed by the cluster theme. Following the tables, each leaf cluster is shown, including numbers of records, theme, and associated record titles. The Level 4 clusters in the second table are hyperlinked to their positions in the list of titles. Because of the filtering process limitations, most, but not all, records are associated with adverse effects of wireless radiation. To access the full record, insert the titles of interest into Pubmed or other Medline search engine.
Main adverse effects identified at the cluster theme level include cancer, brain tumors, mammary cancer, childhood cancer, childhood leukemia, breast cancer, acoustic neuromas, neurodegenerative diseases, cognitive function, neural function, oxidative stress, genotoxic, DNA damage, chromosome damage, gene expression alterations, implanted electronic device malfunction, sleep, melatonin secretion, embryos, cataracts, hearing, electrohypersensitivity.

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Table A4-1 - CLUTO-Based Text Clustering Taxonomy ­ Top Levels

SECOND LEVEL Cluster 92 (2561) ­ Adverse effects of wireless radiation at cellular level, including radiation absorption at different frequencies
Cluster 93 (2750) ­ Adverse health effects of EMF on humans, especially cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, and on implanted electronic devices

FOURTH LEVEL Cluster 78 (912) ­ Adverse impacts of wireless radiation, especially on cataracts, cells, and cognitive functions Cluster 79 (428) ­ Microwave radiation absorption at different frequencies Cluster 82 (529) ­ Adverse effects of mobile phone radiation, especially oxidative stress Cluster 84 (692) ­ Genotoxic effects of radiofrequency radiation
Cluster 81 (673) ­ Adverse impacts of power-line EMF Cluster 85 (540) ­ Adverse impacts of low-frequency EMF, emphasizing cancer and neurodegenerative diseases Cluster 83 (668) ­ Adverse effects of mobile phone use, especially brain tumors, and brain and neural function
Cluster 89 (869) ­ Human health risks from electromagnetic radiation, including adverse effects on implanted electronic devices, and possible protections

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Table A4-2. CLUTO-Based Text Clustering Taxonomy - Bottom Levels

FOURTH LEVEL Cluster 78 (912) ­ Adverse impacts of wireless radiation, especially on cataracts, cells, and cognitive functions
Cluster 79 (428) ­ Microwave radiation absorption at different frequencies
Cluster 82 (529) ­ Adverse effects of mobile phone radiation, especially oxidative stress
Cluster 84 (692) ­ Genotoxic effects of radiofrequency radiation
Cluster 81 (673) ­ Adverse impacts of power-line EMF

LEAF (LOWEST) LEVEL Cluster 46 (331) ­ Adverse effects of microwave radiation, mainly on rats Cluster 3 (39) ­ Adverse impact of wireless radiation on eye lens Cluster 35 (107) ­ Adverse impacts of microwave radiation on cells and cognitive functions Cluster 39 (211) ­ Adverse effects from microwave radiation Cluster 29 (94) ­ Adverse effects of microwave radiation, especially pulsed microwave Cluster 31 (130) ­ Adverse effects of microwave exposures on rats, especially at WiFi frequencies Cluster 10 (75) ­ Dielectric properties of tissue at different microwave frequencies Cluster 23 (88) ­ Specific absorption rate in human body models Cluster 21 (63) ­ Adverse effects of millimeter-wave exposures on biological systems Cluster 44 (95) ­ Adverse effects of microwave resonances in biological systems Cluster 47 (107) ­ Adverse biological effects of decimeter waves Cluster 22 (127) ­ Effects of radiofrequency radiation, especially from mobile phones, on rats Cluster 26 (129) - Oxidative stress effects from mobile phone radiofrequency radiation Cluster 37 (140) ­ Effect of radiofrequency exposure, especially prenatal exposure, on rats Cluster 38 (133) ­ Effect of radiofrequency radiation on rat brain Cluster 20 (126) ­ DNA damage after microwave radiation Cluster 28 (100) ­ Chromosome damage in lymphocytes exposed to radiofrequency radiation Cluster 45 (179) ­ Adverse effects of low-frequency EMF on cells Cluster 24 (111) ­ Gene expression alterations following radiofrequency exposure Cluster 11 (51) ­ Adverse impacts of radiofrequency fields on sleep Cluster 41 (125) ­ Adverse effects of radiofrequency fields on cells Cluster 9 (43) ­ Adverse effects of ELF magnetic field exposures Cluster 17 (55) ­ Adverse impacts of EMF on mammary cancer development Cluster 6 (67) ­ Adverse health effects of magnetic fields associated with magnetic resonance imaging Cluster 32 (139) ­ Health risks of power-line electromagnetic fields on humans Cluster 34 (188) ­ Adverse effects of low-frequency electromagnetic fields on humans

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Cluster 85 (540) ­ Adverse impacts of low-frequency EMF, emphasizing cancer and neurodegenerative diseases
Cluster 83 (668) ­ Adverse effects of mobile phone use, especially brain tumors, and brain and neural function
Cluster 89 (869) ­ Human health risks from electromagnetic radiation, including adverse effects on implanted electronic devices, and possible protections

Cluster 40 (116) ­ Adverse effects of low-frequency magnetic fields on rodents Cluster 2 (27) ­ Effects of electromagnetic fields on chicken embryos Cluster 12 (38) ­ Impact of static and low-frequency magnetic fields on melatonin secretion Cluster 4 (97) ­ Exposure to power lines and risk of childhood cancer Cluster 15 (131) ­ Residential magnetic fields and childhood leukemia Cluster 13 (113) ­ Electromagnetic fields and cancer, especially breast cancer Cluster 18 (62) ­ Mortality studies of electrical utility workers, focusing on electromagnetic field exposures Cluster 27 (137) ­ Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields, emphasizing neurodegenerative disease and cancer Cluster 30 (321) ­ Adverse health symptoms from mobile phone use Cluster 1 (36) ­ Effects of mobile phones on brain and neural function Cluster 25 (68) ­ Effects of cell phone radiation on cognitive function and hearing Cluster 14 (93) ­ Myriad adverse health effects from cellphones Cluster 7 (44) ­ Risks from cell phone use, especially brain tumors Cluster 8 (106) ­ Risk of brain tumors/acoustic neuromas from mobile phone use Cluster 0 (63) ­ Electromagnetic interference with cardiac pacemakers Cluster 16 (103) ­ Electromagnetic interference on implanted cardiac devices Cluster 5 (120) ­ Health risks from mobile phone base stations Cluster 19 (84) ­ Electromagnetic hypersensitivity Cluster 43 (202) ­ Health risks from low-frequency electromagnetic fields Cluster 33 (91) ­ Health risks to workers in different occupations Cluster 36 (84) ­ Precautionary measures to reduce potential EMF health risks Cluster 42 (122) - Regulatory protections against electromagnetic fields

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Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History A4-B. Cluster Record Titles

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Fourth Level Cluster 78 (912) Theme - Adverse impacts of wireless radiation, especially on cataracts, cells, and cognitive functions
--Leaf Cluster 46 (331) Theme - Adverse effects of microwave radiation, mainly on rats Titles Recent advances in the effects of microwave radiation on brains. Microwave radiation absorption: behavioral effects. Behavioral thermoregulation with microwave radiation of albino rats. [Effect of microwave irradiation on biological systems]. [Microwave radiation sources requiring periodic or sporadic hygienic control]. Microwave radiation (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress: Whole-body exposure effect on histopathology of Wistar rats. Low intensity microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, inflammatory response and DNA damage in rat brain. Mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect on nervous system. Apoptosis of Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cells Induced by Microwave via p53 and Proapoptotic Proteins In vivo. Studies on the interaction of microwave radiation with cholinesterase. A system for studying effects of microwaves on cells in culture. Enzymatic alterations in developing rat brain cells exposed to a low-intensity 16.5 GHz microwave radiation. Bioeffects of microwave--a brief review. Behavioral effects of chlorpromazine and diazepam combined with low-level microwaves. Microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, cognitive impairment and inflammation in brain of Fischer rats. Interaction of microwave radiation with turkey sperm. Effect of Low Level Subchronic Microwave Radiation on Rat Brain.
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Acceleration of the development of benzopyrene-induced skin cancer in mice by microwave radiation. Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the fertility pattern in male mice. Alterations in activity at auditory nuclei of the rat induced by exposure to microwave radiation: autoradiographic evidence using [14C]2-deoxy-D-glucose. [Effect of microwave radiation on the rat hematopoietic system]. The effect of exposure of acetylcholinesterase to 2,450-MHz microwave radiation. [The impact of electromagnetic radiation at microwave frequency (9.8 HhZ)on the embryonic and postembryonic development of the tick Hyalomma asiaticum (Acarina, Ixodidae)]. [Structural and metabolic analysis of the reaction of the central nervous system to the combined action of microwave and ionizing radiations]. [Mechanism of the effect of nonionizing radiation on animals at the level of sensory systems]. Effects of microwaves on membranes of hematopoietic cells in their structural and functional organization. Microwave radiation and chlordiazepoxide: synergistic effects on fixed-interval behavior. Behavioral effects of microwaves. [Long-term exposure to low intensity microwave radiation affects male reproductivity]. [Effect of microwave radiation on cellular immunity indices in conditions of chronic exposure]. [Long-term microwave radiation affects male reproduction in rats]. Results of our 15-year study into the biological effects of microwave exposure. Effect of whole-body 1800MHz GSM-like microwave exposure on testicular steroidogenesis and histology in mice. Genotoxic Effects in Human Fibroblasts Exposed to Microwave Radiation. [The effect of microwave radiation on the levels of MDA and the activity of SOD of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells]. The effects of low-level radiofrequency and microwave radiation on brain tissue and animal behaviour. Physiological changes in rats after exposure to low levels of microwaves. The influence of prenatal 10 GHz microwave radiation exposure on a developing mice brain. [The phenomenon of adaptive immunity in exposure to nonionizing microwave radiation]. Non-thermal effects of 500MHz - 900MHz microwave radiation on enzyme kinetics.
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Activation of TLR signalling regulates microwave radiation-mediated impairment of spermatogenesis in rat testis. Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on permeability of unilamellar liposomes to 5(6)carboxyfluorescein. Evidence of non-thermal leakage. Spatial memory and learning performance and its relationship to protein synthesis of Swiss albino mice exposed to 10 GHz microwaves. [Effects of the microwave radiation from the cellular phones on humans and animals]. Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation. Microwave hearing: evidence for thermoacoustic auditory stimulation by pulsed microwaves. Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation and heat on mouse spermatogenic epithelium. Studies of the induction of dominant lethals and translocations in male mice after chronic exposure to microwave radiation. Effect of Low-Intensity Microwave Radiation on Monoamine Neurotransmitters and Their Key Regulating Enzymes in Rat Brain. Fluorescence depolarization studies of red cell membrane fluidity. The effect of exposure to 1.0GHz microwave radiation. [Effects of microwave radiation on the content of five elements in mice bone tissue]. Research on the neurological effects of nonionizing radiation at the University of Washington. Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation. Radiofrequency and microwave radiation in the microelectronics industry. Reduced exposure to microwave radiation by rats: frequency specific effects. [Reaction of the brain receptor system to the effect of low intensity microwaves]. Ten gigahertz microwave radiation impairs spatial memory, enzymes activity, and histopathology of developing mice brain. Cytogenetic effects of 18.0 and 16.5 GHz microwave radiation on human lymphocytes in vitro. Influence of microwave exposure on fertility of male rats. Health aspects of radio and microwave radiation. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV): potentiation of lethality in mice by microwave radiation. Microwave exposure induces Hsp70 and confers protection against hypoxia in chick embryos. Potentially hazardous microwave radiation source--a review.
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Behavioral effects of microwave reinforcement schedules and variations in microwave intensity on albino rats.
[Metabolic changes in cells under electromagnetic radiation of mobile communication systems].
Effect of microwave radiation on inactivation of Clostridium sporogenes (PA 3679) spores.
A circular dichroism study of human erythrocyte ghost proteins during exposure to 2450 MHz microwave radiation.
[Evaluation of bone density in rats after hydrocortisone and microwave radiation].
[Chronotoxicity of 1800 MHz microwave radiation on sex hormones and spermatogenesis in male mice].
Radiation hazard assessment of pulsed microwave radars.
Results of a United States and Soviet Union joint project on nervous system effects of microwave radiation.
Non-thermal microwave effects on protein dynamics? An X-ray diffraction study on tetragonal lysozyme crystals.
Effect of microwave radiation on permeability of liposomes. Evidence against non-thermal leakage.
Assessment of cytogenetic damage and oxidative stress in personnel occupationally exposed to the pulsed microwave radiation of marine radar equipment.
[Modification of the effects of microwave irradiation on biochemical processes by using foreign protein].
Some behavioral effects of short-term exposure of rats to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation.
[5-HT contents change in peripheral blood of workers exposed to microwave and high frequency radiation].
Microwave radiation effects on the thermally driven oxidase of erythrocytes.
Effects of microwave radiation (340 and 900 MHz) on different structural levels of erythrocyte membranes.
Environmental radiation hazards.
[Radiation protection and possible mechanisms for low intensity microwave].
Effects of low level microwave radiation on carcinogenesis in Swiss Albino mice.
Effects of pulsed 2.856 GHz microwave exposure on BM-MSCs isolated from C57BL/6 mice.
[Effect of pulse electromagnetic radiation on erythrocyte ghosts].

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[Experimental modeling of autoimmune reactions as affected by nonionizing microwave radiation].
Biologic effects of microwave exposure. II. Studies on the mechanisms controlling susceptibility to microwave-induced increases in complement receptor-positive spleen cells.
Hearing of microwave pulses by humans and animals: effects, mechanism, and thresholds.
Individual responsiveness to induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes after exposure in vitro to 1800-MHz microwave radiation.
Immunologic and hematopoietic alterations by 2,450-MHz electromagnetic radiation.
Exposure of cultured astroglial and microglial brain cells to 900 MHz microwave radiation.
Influence of microwave exposure on chlordiazepoxide effects in the mouse staircase test.
Activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress in rat brain following low-intensity microwave exposure.
Non-thermal effects of microwaves on proteins: thermophilic enzymes as model system.
[Morinda officialis how extract improves microwave-induced reproductive impairment in male rats].
Reception of microwaves by the brain.
Interaction of radiofrequency and microwave radiation with living systems. A review of mechanisms.
Effect on the immune system of mice exposed chronically to 50 Hz amplitude-modulated 2.45 GHz microwaves.
Selective changes in locomotor activity in mice due to low-intensity microwaves amplitude modulated in the EEG spectral domain.
Physical basis of adverse and therapeutic effects of low intensity microwave radiation.
Resonance effect of microwaves on the genome conformational state of E. coli cells.
Induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to microwave radiation.
Biological effects of electromagnetic fields--mechanisms for the effects of pulsed microwave radiation on protein conformation.
The influence of microwave radiation on transdermal delivery systems.
Parametric mechanism of excitation of the electroencephalographic rhythms by modulated microwave radiation.
[Cytogenetic changes induced by low-intensity microwaves in the species Triticum aestivum].

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High-frequency electromagnetic radiation injury to the upper extremity: local and systemic effects.
Effect of chronic microwave radiation on T cell-mediated immunity in the rabbit.
Prenatal microwave exposure and behavior.
[The state of receptor-dependent signal pathways in the agranulocytes from the peripheral blood of the reconvalescent patients following community-acquired pneumonia under the influence of microwave radiation].
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwaves on meiotic chromosomes of male CBA/CAY mice.
Inhibitory Effects of Microwave Radiation on LPS-Induced NFkappaB Expression in THP-1 Monocytes.
The relation of dose rate of microwave radiation to the time of death and total absorbed dose in the mouse.
Differential damage in bacterial cells by microwave radiation on the basis of cell wall structure.
Effect of 7, 14 and 21 Hz modulated 450 MHz microwave radiation on human electroencephalographic rhythms.
Immunotropic influence of 900 MHz microwave GSM signal on human blood immune cells activated in vitro.
[Are microwaves a co-teratogen? Experimental model concept and its verification].
Studies on microwaves in medicine and biology: from snails to humans.
Changes in human EEG caused by low level modulated microwave stimulation.
Electromagnetic radiations and cancer. Cause and prevention.
Microwave elution of red cell antibodies.
Influence of low intensity 2,450 MHz microwave radiation upon the growth of various microorganisms and their sensitivity towards chemical inactivation.
Low power microwave interaction with phospholipase C and D signal transduction pathways in myogenic cells.
[Antagonistic effect of microwave on hematopoietic damage of mice induced by gamma-ray irradiation].
Acid resistance and verocytotoxin productivity of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 exposed to microwave.
The relationship between colony-forming ability, chromosome aberrations and incidence of micronuclei in V79 Chinese hamster cells exposed to microwave radiation.

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Effects of differently polarized microwave radiation on the microscopic structure of the nuclei in human fibroblasts. The correlation between the frequency of micronuclei and specific chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes exposed to microwave radiation in vitro. A search for nonthermal effects of 434 MHz microwave radiation on whole human blood. Review of the specific effects of microwave radiation on bacterial cells. Microwave dissociation of antigen-antibody complexes: a new elution technique to permit phenotyping of antibody-coated red cells. [Nature of the changes in the morphofunctional and cytochemical indices of blood leukocytes as affected by low-intensity microwaves]. Effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation and phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13acetate on dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer in mice. Effects of X-band microwave exposure on rabbit erythrocytes. Transgenic nematodes as biomonitors of microwave-induced stress. The effects of microwave radiation on avian dominance behavior. Dominant lethal studies in male mice after exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation. [Action of UHF microwaves on the germ and somatic cells of mammals]. Sperm count and sperm abnormality in male mice after exposure to 2.45 GHz microwave radiation. Effect of microwaves (2450-MHz) on the immune system in mice: studies of nucleic acid and protein synthesis. The influence of differently polarised microwave radiation on chromatin in human cells. Effects of 10-GHz microwaves on hematological parameters in Swiss albino mice and their modulation by Prunus avium. Effects of fetal microwave radiation exposure on offspring behavior in mice. Ibuprofen effects on behavioral thermoregulation with microwave radiation in albino rats. Microwave and man: the direct and indirect hazards, and the precautions. Biomarkers in volunteers exposed to mobile phone radiation. Effects of 900-MHz microwave radiation on gamma-ray-induced damage to mouse hematopoietic system. Detection of probable effects of microwave exposure of blood parameters of RBC, PCV and Hb in rat.
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Effects of microwaves on the colony-forming capacity of haemopoietic stem cells in mice.
2.45-GHz microwave irradiation adversely affects reproductive function in male mouse, Mus musculus by inducing oxidative and nitrosative stress.
Adaptation of human brain bioelectrical activity to low-level microwave.
Biochemical changes in rat brain exposed to low intensity 9.9 GHz microwave radiation.
Effect of microwave radiation on the permeability of carbonic anhydrase loaded unilamellar liposomes.
Effects on the nervous system by exposure to electromagnetic fields: experimental and clinical studies.
Microwave effect on diffusion: a possible mechanism for non-thermal effect.
Teratology, survival, and reversal learning after fetal irradiation of mice by 2450-MHz microwave energy.
[Changes in drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics under the influence of microwaves of different ranges].
Increase in the frequency of Fc receptor (FcR) bearing cells in the mouse spleen following a single exposure of mice to 2450 MHz microwaves.
Modification of membrane fluidity in melanin-containing cells by low-level microwave radiation.
Effects of low level microwave radiation on the digestive transit of the rat.
Microwave-stimulated drug release from liposomes.
[Changes in immunobiological reactivity under the combined action of microwave, infrasonic and gamma irradiation].
Behavioral and cognitive effects of microwave exposure.
The effect of microwave radiation on the cell genome.
Neurological effects of microwave exposure related to mobile communication.
Microwave effects on plasmid DNA.
Differential response of the permeability of the rat liver canalicular membrane to sucrose and mannitol following in vivo acute single and multiple exposures to microwave radiation (2.45 GHz) and radiant-energy thermal stress.
Effects of microwave radiation and strychnine on cerebral biopotentials in narcotized rats.
[Some biochemical indexes in white rabbit's blood affected by acute high intensity microwave].

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Long-term exposure to microwave radiation provokes cancer growth: evidences from radars and mobile communication systems. Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis. Fluorescence depolarization studies of the phase transition in multilamellar phospholipid vesicles exposed to 1.0-GHz microwave radiation. Effect of low frequency modulated microwave exposure on human EEG: individual sensitivity. A negative test for mutagenic action of microwave radiation in Drosophila melanogaster. [Non-thermal microwave effect on nerve fiber function]. Influence of microwaves on different types of receptors and the role of peroxidation of lipids on receptor-protein shedding. [Effect of nonionizing microwave radiation on autoimmune reactions and antigenic structure of serum proteins]. Effects of 9.4 GHz microwave exposure on meiosis in mice. [Two-step exposure of biological objects to infrared laser and microwave radiation]. Influence of in vitro microwave radiation on the fertilizing capacity of turkey sperm. Measure of enzymatic activity coincident with 2450 MHz microwave exposure. Effect of microwave radiation on redissolving precipitated matter in fluorouracil injection. [Germ reduction by microwaves--microwave specific effects]. Effects of microwave (2.45 GHz) irradiation on some biological characters of Salmonella typhimurium. The relation of sex, age, and weight of mice to microwave radiation sensitivity. The origins of U.S. safety standards for microwave radiation. Pathophysiology of microwave radiation: effect on rat brain. Influence of CW microwave radiation on in vitro release of enzymes from retinol- treated hepatic lysosomes. Cytological effects of microwave radiation in Chinese hamster cells in vitro. Ouabain inhibition of kidney ATPase is altered by 9.14 GHz radiation. Cytogenetic investigations on microwaves emitted by a 455.7 MHz car phone. [The reaction of the tick Hyalomma asiaticum (Acarina, Ixodidae) to 1- to 4-GHz microwaves]. Microwave effects on the central nervous system--a study of radar mechanics.

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[The characteristics of the reactions of excitable tissue to combined exposure to microwaves and low-intensity ultrasound].
[Cumulated biological effects of microwaves and their reflection in behavior, work capacity, growth of body mass and state of brain neurons].
[Quantitative patterns in the cytogenetic action of microwaves]. [The action of microwave radiation on potassium ion transport and oxygen consumption in the perfused rat liver]. The effects of low level microwaves on the fluidity of photoreceptor cell membrane.
Insensitivity of cardiovascular function to low power cm-/mm-microwaves.
[Ultracytochemical changes in the brain and liver in exposure to low-intensity nonionizing microwave radiation].
Microwave effect on camphor binding to rat olfactory epithelium. In vitro effects of microwave radiation on rat liver mitochondria.
Induction of neoplastic transformation in C3H/10T1/2 cells by 2.45-GHz microwaves and phorbol ester.
Evidence for microwave carcinogenesis in vitro.
Microwave radiation injury.
Effect of microwave radiation on human EEG at two different levels of exposure. Effects of noinionizing radiation on the central nervous system, behavior, and blood: a progress report.
Brain enzyme histochemistry following stabilization by microwave irradiation.
Poly ADP ribosylation as a possible mechanism of microwave--biointeraction.
Investigation of an acute microwave-oven hand injury.
Rat lymphocytes in cell culture exposed to 2450 MHz (CW) microwave radiation. Effect of electromagnetic microwave radiation on the growth of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma.
Effects of 36.6 GHz and static magnetic field on degree of endoreduplication in Drosophila melanogaster polytene chromosomes.
Extremely low-level microwaves attenuate immune imbalance induced by inhalation exposure to low-level toluene in mice.
[The effect of microwaves on the neuronal activity of the hyperstriatum in chick embryos at the critical developmental period].

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Psychological symptoms and intermittent hypertension following acute microwave exposure.
Very new waves in very old meridians: quantum medical physics of the living.
[The effect of various occupational exposures to microwave radiation on the concentrations of immunoglobulins and T lymphocyte subsets].
Microwave effect upon chlorpromazine-inhibited kidney ATPase.
Evidence for genetic control of microwave-induced augmentation of complement receptorbearing B lymphocytes.
[The combined action of microwave radiation and hydrogen peroxide on the viability and ultrastructure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells].
A demonstration of athermal effects of continuous microwave irradiation on the growth and antibiotic sensitivity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1.
Influence of low power cm-/mm-microwaves on cardiovascular function.
Local cerebral blood flow after microwave exposure.
The properties of bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers and as receptors of microwave radiation. II. Bird feathers as dielectric receptors of microwave radiation.
Different methods for evaluating the effects of microwave radiation exposure on the nervous system.
Microwave cell death: Immunohistochemical and enzyme histochemical evaluation.
Study of nonionizing microwave radiation effects upon the central nervous system and behavior reactions.
[Cellular effects of microwaves of thermal intensity].
Microwave induced stimulation of 32Pi incorporation into phosphoinositides of rat brain synaptosomes.
Laser doppler flowmetry as a method for evaluating the microwave radiation effect on cutaneous microcirculation.
Microwave effects on acetylcholine-induced channels in cultured chick myotubes.
[The participation of thyroid hormones in modifying the mutagenic effect of microwaves].
Investigation of the effects of continuous-wave, pulse- and amplitude-modulated microwaves on single excitable cells of Chara corallina.
Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression.
[Effect of centimeter microwaves on the antibody production in mice].

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[Effect of electromagnetic SHF-radiation on the morphofunctional status of early mouse embryos]. The effect of acute far field exposure at 2.45 GHz on the mouse testis. [Pharmacological correction of the acute effects of microwave irradiation in an experiment]. Effects of exposure to microwaves: problems and perspectives. Semen analysis of military personnel associated with military duty assignments. Setting exposure limits for radiofrequency radiation and microwaves in China. Effect of exposure to operant-controlled microwaves on certain blood and immunological parameters in the young chick. In vitro cytogenetic effects of 2450 MHz waves on human peripheral blood lymphocytes. [Microwaves and blood-brain barrier]. Microwave radiation: an epidemiologic assessment. [The dynamics of the immunobiological effects in transcerebral microwave exposures]. Microwave absorption by normal and tumor cells. Microwaves induce an increase in the frequency of complement receptor-bearing lymphoid spleen cells in mice. Microwave radiation-induced calcium ion efflux from human neuroblastoma cells in culture. Studies on possible genetic effects of microwaves in procaryotic and eucaryotic cells. Middle-ear structures contribute little to auditory perception of microwaves. [Effect of long wave pre-illumination on the kinetic characteristics of microwave photoconductivity signals in Chlorella cells and the Emerson effect]. Non-thermal effects of 2.45 GHz microwaves on spindle assembly, mitotic cells and viability of Chinese hamster V-79 cells. Microwave diathermy: the invisible healer. [Biological effects of microwave radiation of low nonthermal intensity (regarding the maximal admissible values)]. [Effect of electromagnetic radiation of radio frequency (340 and 800 MHz) on liposomes from dimyristoyl lecithin]. [A comparative analysis of the biological action of microwaves and laser radiation]. [Studies on the microwave leakage of the interphone]. Effect of microwave radiation on the stability of frozen cefoxitin sodium solution in plastic bags.
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[The role of TLR4 receptor in the stress response of lymphocytes].
Febrile convulsions induced by microwaves and the alteration in behavior of albino mouse OF1.
[Immunobiological effect of bitemporal exposure of rabbits to microwaves].
Thermal effects of 2450 MHz microwave exposure near a titanium alloy plate implanted in rabbit limbs.
[The role of protein kinase SAPK/JNK in cell responses to low-intensity nonionizing radiation].
[Activity of cytochromes P-450p and P-450h in liver microsomes and blood corticosteroid levels in experimental animals under the action of physical factors].
The effect of high intensity microwave exposure on enucleation of murine erythroid cells in vitro.
Microwave-evoked brainstem potentials in cats.
Tight junctional changes upon microwave and x-ray irradiation.
The analysis of animal bioelectric brain activity influenced by microwaves or by the introduction of strychnine.
[The characteristics of the effect of centimeter-range microwaves on drug pharmacokinetics in the body of experimental animals].
[Effect of centimeter microwaves and the combined magnetic field on the tumor necrosis factor production in cells of mice with experimental tumors].
[Enzymatic activity of some tissues and blood serum from animals and humans exposed to microwaves and hypothesis on the possible role of free radical processes in the nonlinear effects and modification of emotional behavior of animals].
Non-thermal effects in the microwave induced unfolding of proteins observed by chaperone binding.
[Study of bioeffects of ship-borne microwave navigation radar in chronic experiments].
[Combined effect of microwaves and gamma-rays on the imprinting of chickens, irradiated in early embryogenesis].
Effects of nonionizing radiation on birds.
[The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum].
[The combined action of microwave irradiation and hypoxia on the biogenic amine content of the blood in guinea pigs in anaphylactic shock].
Possible humoral mechanism of 2450-MHz microwave-induced increase in complement receptor positive cells.

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[Synaptic transmission in the frog spinal cord exposed to intensive microwave radiation]. Microwave-enhanced folding and denaturation of globular proteins. [Hematologic changes in workers exposed to radio wave radiation]. [The reaction of glia in visual centers during the whole body effect of combined microwaves and x-rays]. Elimination of microwave effects on the vitality of nerves after blockage of active transport. Low frequency amplitude modulated microwave fields change calcium efflux rates from synaptosomes. Study of effects of low level microwave field by method of face masking. Association of microwaves and ionizing radiation: potentiation of teratogenic effects in the rat. [The use of microwave for immunohistochemical technology in forensic pathology]. [The effect of microwaves on the bioelectric brain activity]. MoS2 nanosheets encapsulated in sodium alginate microcapsules as microwave embolization agents for large orthotopic transplantation tumor therapy. Microwave drying of microorganisms: I. Influence of the microwave energy and of the sample thickness on the drying of yeast. Effect of non-ionising radiation on body weight and growth of the gastro-intestinal tract in broilers. [The role of the thyroid hormones in regulating chromosomal resistance to microwave exposure]. [Analysis of ECG on the staffs exposed to microwave in the radio calling signal station]. Cochlear microphonics generated by microwave pulses. Holographic assessment of a hypothesized microwave hearing mechanism. Enhancement of allergic skin wheal responses by microwave radiation from mobile phones in patients with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome. Microwave antigen retrieval blocks endogenous peroxidase activity in immunohistochemistry. [Increase in the immunogenicity of cancer cells exposed to microwaves]. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) effects on behavioral thermoregulation with microwave radiation. [The effect of microwaves on lipid peroxidation and on lipid and mineral metabolism in warmblooded animals (experimental research)]. Effects of microwave radiation on house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae (Astigmata: Pyroglyphidae).
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The effect of non ionising electromagnetic radiation on RAAF personnel during World War II.
[Action of millimeter-range electromagnetic radiation on the Ca pump of sarcoplasmic reticulum].
After-effect induced by microwave radiation in human electroencephalographic signal: a feasibility study.
Superconductivity--a possible mechanism for non-thermal biological effects of microwaves.
Microwaving for double indirect immunofluorescence with primary antibodies from the same species and for staining of mouse tissues with mouse monoclonal antibodies.
[Accelerated decalcification using microwaves].
Influence of chopper and mixer speeds and microwave power level during the high-shear granulation process on the final granule characteristics.
[Effects of prolonged low-intensity radiofrequency radiation in cm-range on the development of subcutaneously grafted Ehrlich's adenocarcinoma].
The effects of irradiation intensity on the microwave-enhanced advanced oxidation process.
The role of coherence time in the effect of microwaves on ornithine decarboxylase activity.
[Effect of microwaves over Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella spp. inoculated into frozen minced meat].
Microwave decalcification of human temporal bones.
An EM radiation safety controller.
Electrosmog and autoimmune disease.
Capability of Thai Mission grass (Pennisetum polystachyon) as a new weedy lignocellulosic feedstock for production of monomeric sugar.
A novel autonomic activation measurement method for stress monitoring: non-contact measurement of heart rate variability using a compact microwave radar.
Late heat damage in normal swine rectum: a comparison of thermosensitivity of rectum and oesophagus.
[Effect of UHF and ionizing radiation on the Na-K-ATPase activity of Ehrlich ascitic carcinoma cells].
Acute multiple mononeuropathy after accidental exposure to oven microwaves.
Microwave enhanced ion exchange of cationic and anionic clays.
[New mechanisms of biological effects of electromagnetic fields].

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Non-contact determination of parasympathetic activation induced by a full stomach using microwave radar. Immunohistochemistry and microwave decalcification of human temporal bones. Monitoring of lung edema by microwave reflectometry during lung ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo. Joint effects of microwave and chromium trioxide on root tip cells of Vicia faba. An alternative approach to the treatment of mammary duct fistulas: a combination of microwave and ultrasound. [Body's reaction to weakened geomagnetic field (the effect of magnetic deprivation)]. Influence of radar radiation on breeding biology of tits (Parus sp.). [Effect of short-term exposure to ash from electric power plants on histochemical reactions of succinate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase in the lungs of experimental animals]. --Leaf Cluster 3 (39) Theme - Adverse impact of wireless radiation on eye lens Titles [Effect of low-intensity microwave radiation on proliferation of cultured epithelial cells of rabbit lens]. Localized effects of microwave radiation on the intact eye lens in culture conditions. [Effects of different dose microwave radiation on protein components of cultured rabbit lens]. Non-thermal electromagnetic radiation damage to lens epithelium. Non-thermal cellular effects of lowpower microwave radiation on the lens and lens epithelial cells. [A quantitative study on early changes in rabbit lens capsule epithelium induced by low power density microwave radiation]. [Ultrastructural change of rabbit lens epithelial cells induced by low power level microwave radiation]. Cataracts induced by microwave and ionizing radiation. Ultrastructural changes in the rabbit lens induced by microwave radiation. Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells. Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective.

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[Experimental studies on the influence of millimeter radiation on light transmission through the lens].
Glutathione concentration and peptidase activity in the lens after exposure to microwaves.
Low power microwave radiation inhibits the proliferation of rabbit lens epithelial cells by upregulating P27Kip1 expression. Microwave lens effects in humans. II. Results of five-year survey.
Changes in gap junctional intercellular communication in rabbits lens epithelial cells induced by low power density microwave radiation.
Combined microwave energy and fixative agent for cataract induction in pig eyes.
[Evaluation of lens transparency in persons exposed to electromagnetic radiation of 27--30 MHz frequency].
[Low-intensity microwave blockes cell cycle and regulate cell cycle related gene expression in rabbit lens epithelial cells].
Thermal cataract formation in rabbits. Effects of microwave radiation on the lens epithelium in the rabbit eye.
On the microwave exposure.
Observation of microwave-induced eye lens surface motion in vitro.
Data analysis reveals significant microwave-induced eye damage in humans. Microwave irradiation and soft contact lens parameters.
Inducing cataract in postmortem pig eyes for cataract surgery training purposes.
Dosimetric study of microwave cataractogenesis.
Evaluation of possible microwave-induced lens changes in the United States Air Force. [Acute ocular lesions after exposure to electromagnetic radiation of ultrahigh frequency (an experimental study)]. Microwave radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations in corneal epithelium of Chinese hamsters.
The ocular effects of microwaves on hypothermic rabbits: a study of microwave cataractogenic mechanisms.
Microwave cataract and litigation: a case study.
[Biologic effects and hygienic regulation of electromagnetic fields caused by mobile communication devices].

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Comments on Frey's "Data analysis reveals significant microwave-induced eye damage in humans". Microwave-induced retinal destruction with sparing of sclera and choriocapillaris. [The effect of chronic irradiation with intermittent unmodulated microwaves on the functional status of the rabbit]. [Hazardous health effects of microwaves and radio waves]. Microwave cyclodestruction: evaluation on human eyes. Effects of radiofrequency radiation on rabbit kidney: a morphological and immunological study. --Leaf Cluster 35 (107)
Theme - Adverse impacts of microwave radiation on cells and cognitive functions Titles [A aquaporin 4 expression and effects in rat hippocampus after microwave radiation]. Impairment of long-term potentiation induction is essential for the disruption of spatial memory after microwave exposure. [Changes of apoptosis, mitochondrion membrane potential and Ca2+ of hypothalamic neurons induced by high power microwave]. Upregulation of HIF-1alpha via activation of ERK and PI3K pathway mediated protective response to microwave-induced mitochondrial injury in neuron-like cells. [Microwave radiation induces injury to GC-2spd cells]. The relationship between NMDA receptors and microwave-induced learning and memory impairment: a long-term observation on Wistar rats. Apoptosis induced by microwave radiation in pancreatic cancer JF305 cells. [The cardiac injury effect of microwave radiation on rabbit and its mechanism]. [The injury effects of microwave exposure on visual performance and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in rats]. [Inhibitory effect of microwave radiation on proliferation of human pancreatic cancer JF305 cells and its mechanism]. Study on dose-dependent, frequency-dependent, and accumulative effects of 1.5 GHz and 2.856 GHz microwave on cognitive functions in Wistar rats. Microwave induces apoptosis in A549 human lung carcinoma cell line. Acute effects of pulsed microwaves and 3-nitropropionic acid on neuronal ultrastructure in the rat caudate-putamen.
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[Influence of microwave radiation on synaptic structure and function of hippocampus in Wistar rats].
Microwave-induced Apoptosis and Cytotoxicity of NK Cells through ERK1/2 Signaling.
Identification of a Novel Rat NR2B Subunit Gene Promoter Region Variant and Its Association with Microwave-Induced Neuron Impairment.
Microwave exposure impairs synaptic plasticity in the rat hippocampus and PC12 cells through over-activation of the NMDA receptor signaling pathway.
iTRAQ quantitatively proteomic analysis of the hippocampus in a rat model of accumulative microwave-induced cognitive impairment.
The apoptotic effect and the plausible mechanism of microwave radiation on rat myocardial cells.
Neural cell apoptosis induced by microwave exposure through mitochondria-dependent caspase3 pathway.
The effect of 2450 MHz microwave radiation on the ultrastructure of snail neurons.
Relationship between cognition function and hippocampus structure after long-term microwave exposure.
2.45 GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Learning and Spatial Memory via Oxidative/Nitrosative Stress Induced p53-Dependent/Independent Hippocampal Apoptosis: Molecular Basis and Underlying Mechanism.
Real-time Microwave Exposure Induces Calcium Efflux in Primary Hippocampal Neurons and Primary Cardiomyocytes.
AduoLa Fuzhenglin down-regulates microwave-induced expression of beta1-adrenergic receptor and muscarinic type 2 acetylcholine receptor in myocardial cells of rats.
Alterations of cognitive function and 5-HT system in rats after long term microwave exposure.
Extracellular calcium and microwave enhancement of membrane conductance in snail neurons.
[Effect of handportable mobiletelephone microwave radiation on rat central neuron apoptosis].
[Effect of electromagnetic radiation in a decimeter wave-length range on the calcium current of molluscan neurons].
[Effects of microwave radiation on thymocytes in mice at different power densities].
Long term impairment of cognitive functions and alterations of NMDAR subunits after continuous microwave exposure.
Reduction of phosphorylated synapsin I (ser-553) leads to spatial memory impairment by attenuating GABA release after microwave exposure in Wistar rats.

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Retinal damage experimentally induced by microwave radiation at 55 mW/cm2.
[Microwave radiation decreases the expressions of occludin and JAM-1 in rats].
[Changes of the expression of beta1-adrenergic receptor and M2-muscarinic acetylcholine receptor in rat hearts after high power microwave radiation].
[Effect of qindan fuzheng capsule on ultrastructure of microwave radiation injured cardiomyocytes and hepatocytes in rats].
From the Cover: 2.45-GHz Microwave Radiation Impairs Hippocampal Learning and Spatial Memory: Involvement of Local Stress Mechanism-Induced Suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB Signaling.
[Influence of microwave radiation on synapsin I expression in PC12 cells and its mechanism].
[Effect of vitamin E on morphological variation of retinal ganglion cells after microwave radiation].
[Effect of microwave radiation on primary cultured Sertoli cells].
Chronic exposure to GSM 1800-MHz microwaves reduces excitatory synaptic activity in cultured hippocampal neurons.
Microwave radiation leading to shrinkage of dendritic spines in hippocampal neurons mediated by SNK-SPAR pathway.
Activation of VEGF/Flk-1-ERK Pathway Induced Blood-Brain Barrier Injury After Microwave Exposure.
The study of retinal ganglion cell apoptosis induced by different intensities of microwave irradiation.
The effects of high-power microwaves on the ultrastructure of Bacillus subtilis.
The effect of microwave radiation on passive membrane properties of snail neurons.
[Effect of 900MHz electromagnetic fields on energy metabolism of cerebral cortical neurons in postnatal rat].
Effects of GSM 1800 MHz on dendritic development of cultured hippocampal neurons.
Low intensity microwave radiation effects on the ultrastructure of Chang liver cells.
[Effect of 900Mhz electromagnetic fields on energy metabolism in postnatal rat cerebral cortical neurons].
Real-time Assessment of Cytosolic, Mitochondrial, and Nuclear Calcium Levels Change in Rat Pheochromocytoma Cells during Pulsed Microwave Exposure Using a Genetically Encoded Calcium Indicator.

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Protective Role of NMDAR for Microwave-Induced Synaptic Plasticity Injuries in Primary Hippocampal Neurons.
Abnormality of synaptic vesicular associated proteins in cerebral cortex and hippocampus after microwave exposure.
RKIP Regulates Neural Cell Apoptosis Induced by Exposure to Microwave Radiation Partly Through the MEK/ERK/CREB Pathway.
[The protective effects of Aduola Fuzhenglin on the heart injury induced by microwave exposure in rats].
Differentiation of murine erythroleukemic cells during exposure to microwave radiation.
Cytokines produced by microwave-radiated Sertoli cells interfere with spermatogenesis in rat testis.
[Effect of 900 MHz electromagnetic fields on the expression of GABA receptor of cerebral cortical neurons in postnatal rats].
[Effects of high power microwave exposure on cholinergic neurotrophic factors protein in rabbit retina].
[Neuroeffects of prolonged exposure to microwaves: systemic, neuronal and electron microscope study].
Microwave enhancement of membrane conductance: calmodulin hypothesis.
[Influence of electromagnetic radiation on raf kinase inhibitor protein and its related proteins of hippocampus].
2.45 GHz microwave radiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress mediated testicular apoptosis: Involvement of a p53 dependent bax-caspase-3 mediated pathway.
Microwave effects on input resistance and action potential firing of snail neurons.
MicroRNAs: Novel Mechanism Involved in the Pathogenesis of Microwave Exposure on Rats' Hippocampus.
The Screening of Genes Sensitive to Long-Term, Low-Level Microwave Exposure and Bioinformatic Analysis of Potential Correlations to Learning and Memory.
[Pathological study of testicular injury induced by high power microwave radiation in rats].
Noise-modulated-microwave-induced response in snail neurons.
[Early ultrastructural reactions in various parts of the visual analyzer in guinea pigs after thermogenic microwave irradiation].
[Changes of rat testicular germ cell apoptosis after high power microwave radiation].
The transmission of reflexes in the spinal cord of cats during direct irradiation with microwaves.
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[Lipid peroxide damage in retinal ganglion cells induced by microwave].
Calreticulin attenuated microwave radiation-induced human microvascular endothelial cell injury through promoting actin acetylation and polymerization.
[Reaction of the ultrastructure of the rat spinal ganglion to exposure to a pulsed electromagnetic field].
Specific electromagnetic effects of microwave radiation on Escherichia coli.
Microwave enhancement of membrane conductance: effects of EDTA, caffeine and tetracaine.
[Effect of Qidan Granule on PMC Derived Peptide Content and Structure of Hippocampal CA1 Region in Microwave Radiated Rats].
[The microarray study on the stress gene transcription profile in human retina pigment epithelial cells exposed to microwave radiation].
[The electroporation effects of high power pulse microwave and electromagnetic pulse irradiation on the membranes of cardiomyocyte cells and the mechanism therein involved].
Non-thermal effects of continuous 2.45 GHz microwaves on Fas-induced apoptosis in human Jurkat T-cell line.
[Zinc protective effects on pig retinal pigment epithelial cell damage of lipid peroxide induced by 2450 MHz microwave].
Pathological changes in the sinoatrial node tissues of rats caused by pulsed microwave exposure.
[High power microwave radiation damages blood-testis barrier in rats].
[Experimental analysis of biological effects of microwaves: their systemic, ultrastructural and neuronal mechanisms].
[Relationship between activation of microglia and Jaks phosphorylation induced by microwave irradiation].
Ultrastructural changes following treatment with a microwave pulse in the oocyst of Eimeria magna Perard, 1925.
The functional state of thymus cells following microwave exposure of endocrine glands.
Non-thermal effects of electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency on the refolding of an intracellular protein: myoglobin.
[Effect of microwaves on the expression by thymocytes of various surface membrane markers].
[Dynamics of morphological changes in the spinal cord following exposure to non-ionizing microwave radiation].
Immunoreactivity of normal rabbit serum with epinephrine (E) cells of the rat adrenal medulla after microwave antigen retrieval.
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[Changes in response of neurons in visual area of cerebral cortex of rabbits to flashes of light under the influence of low-intensity physical factors of non-ionizing nature].
Ultrastructural studies of alterations induced by microwaves in Toxocara canis eggs: prophylactic interest.
Morphological changes in the liver after microwave destruction.
Studies of childhood brain tumors using immunohistochemistry and microwave technology: methodological considerations.
Cell attachment and viability on micro-arc-oxidation (MAO) microwave/hydrothermal treated titanium surface.
The role of the NF-kappaB, SAPK/JNK, and TLR4 signalling pathways in the responses of RAW 264.7 cells to extremely low-intensity microwaves.
Calreticulin stabilizes F-actin by acetylating actin and protects microvascular endothelial cells against microwave radiation.
Dual effects of microwaves on single Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels in cultured kidney cells Vero.
Microwave antigen retrieval of beta-amyloid precursor protein immunoreactivity.
Nerve agent exposure elicits site-specific changes in protein phosphorylation in mouse brain.
Cyclic AMP-dependent signaling system is a primary metabolic target for non-thermal effect of microwaves on heart muscle hydration.
[Microwaves and the visual analyzer].
Evaluation of immunohistochemical staining of human duodenal endocrine cells after microwave antigen retrieval.
[Quantitative histologic changes of the glioneuronal complex in the central and intermediate parts of the visual analyzer exposed to microwaves of thermogenic intensity].
Study of interlaboratory reliability and reproducibility of estrogen and progesterone receptor assays in Europe. Documentation of poor reliability and identification of insufficient microwave antigen retrieval time as a major contributory element of unreliable assays.
Structural changes in abdominal aorta and vena cava inferior after experimental microwave destruction.
--Leaf Cluster 39 (211)
Theme - Adverse effects from microwave radiation
Titles

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[Effect of quinacrine on inflammatory reaction of blood system induced by microwave irradiation].
Cumulative effect in microwave irradiation.
[Protective effects of Genistein on human renal tubular epithelial cells damage of microwave radiation].
[Effects of occupational microwave irradiation on heat shock protein 70 expressions in rat hippocampus].
Effects of radiation on frozen lactate dehydrogenase.
Effect of microwave energy on the metabolism of Enterobacteriaceae.
[Analysis of pulsed bioelectric activity of rabbit cerebral cortex in response to low-intensity microwave radiation].
[Pro- and antioxidant effect of electromagnetic fields of extremely high frequency (460 MHz) on brain tissues in experiment].
[Pulse flows of neuronal populations of the cerebral cortex exposed to low intensity microwaves].
[Recovery responses in the bodies of rats following irradiation with microwaves (2400 MHz)].
Microwave irradiation induces neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 cells via the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.
Application of high-powered microwave irradiation for acetylcholine analysis in mouse brain.
Effect of microwave irradiation on brain tissue structure and catecholamine distribution.
[Effect of microwave irradiation on neurocyte mitochondrial ultrastructure and mtTFA mRNA expression in rats cerebral cortex and hippocampus].
[Development of the Chlamydomonas actinochloris culture after microwave irradiation].
Reduced weight in mice offspring after in utero exposure to 2450-MHz (CW) microwaves.
[Changes in body weight of rats during irradiation with microwaves of nonthermal intensity].
[Dependence of changes in summary bioelectric activity of the brain on low-intensity microwave irradiation from density of flow energy].
Microwave facilitation of domperidone antagonism of apomorphine-induced stereotypic climbing in mice.
[Experimental data on reaction of neurons of the brain to low-intensity package-pulsing microwave irradiation].

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Growth and development of mice offspring after irradiation in utero with 2,450-MHz microwaves. [Traumatic ulcer following microwave irradiation and local anesthesia]. Behavioral evaluation of microwave irradiation. [Survival and physical development of progeny of Swiss mice after 2450 Mhz microwave irradiation during pregnancy]. [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of mice with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation]. Effect of microwave irradiation on monoamine metabolism in dissected rat brain. Effects of microwave irradiation on rat hepatic tissue evaluated by enzyme histochemistry for acid phosphatase. The effects of microwave radiation from mobile telephones on humans and animals. Increase of brain ammonia after microwave irradiation and its mechanism. [Behavioral effects of the combined chronic action of 9375 and 1765 MHz microwaves]. [Effect of the agents of general anesthesia on mice after microwave irradiation]. [Effects of microwave irradiation and electrostatic field on the survival, growth and reproduction of Moina mongolica Daday]. Incidence of low-level microwave irradiation on intestinal myoelectrical activity in the rat. Multinucleated giant cell appearance after whole body microwave irradiation of rats. [The pathogenesis of central nervous system functional disordersafter exposure to microwave radiation]. Comparison of native and microwave irradiated DNA. Effect of high-power density microwave irradiation on the soluble proteins of the rabbit lens. Microwave radiation (2450-MHz) potentiates the lethal effect of endotoxin in mice. Pulse activity of populations of cortical neurons under microwave exposures of different intensity. Changes in the blood count of growing rats irradiated with a microwave pulse field. [Effect of continuous low-intensity microwave irradiation on the behavior of albino rats]. Microwave irradiation and cross-linking of collagen. [Combined effect of microwave and ionizing radiation]. Reproduction of Japanese quail after microwave irradiation (2.45 GHz CW) during embryogeny.

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Psychoactive-drug response is affected by acute low-level microwave irradiation.
Microwaves and cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave irradiation on tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells.
Radio and microwave radiation and experimental atherosclerosis.
Biosynthesis of acetylcholine in different brain regions in vivo following alternative methods of sacrifice by microwave irradiation.
Microwaves and cellular immunity. II. Immunostimulating effects of microwaves and naturally occurring antioxidant nutrients.
Effects of microwave irradiation on blood flow in the dog hindlimb.
Tissue structure of rat brain after microwave irradiation using maximum magnetic field component.
[Experimental study of the effects of acute uneven microwave irradiation].
Microwave accelerated transglycosylation of rutin by cyclodextrin glucanotransferase from Bacillus sp. SK13.002.
The effect of 2.45 GHz microwave irradiation on human peripheral lymphocytes.
[Motor activity of rabbits in conditions of chronic low-intensity pulse microwave irradiation].
Autoradiographic analysis of protein synthesis and measurements of nuclear volume in WISH cell cultures irradiated with 3 GHz electromagnetic radiation.
Leukocyte numbers during the humoral and cell-mediated immune response of Japanese quail after microwave irradiation in ovo.
The respiratory response to microwaves.
Aversion/attraction of blue jays to microwave irradiation.
Low-level microwave irradiation attenuates naloxone-induced withdrawal syndrome in morphine-dependent rats.
Response of Aspergillus nidulans and Physarum polycephalum to microwave irradiation.
[Combined action of gamma and UHF radiation on conditioned reflex behavior of rats].
Ethanol-induced hypothermia and ethanol consumption in the rat are affected by low-level microwave irradiation.
Inhibitory action of microwave radiation on gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity in liver of rats treated with hydrocortisone.
Effect of low-level microwave irradiation on the duodenal electrical activity of the unanesthetized rat.

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Behavioral sensitivity to microwave irradiation.
In vitro microwave effects on human neutrophil precursor cells (CFU-C).
The effect of microwave irradiation on vasopressin in plasma and hypothalamoneurohypophyseal system. Karyometric observations of WISH cell cultures irradiated with 3 GHz microwaves.
[Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
[Spontaneous electrical activity of the rat cerebral cortex during microwave irradiation].
[The immune and hormonal effects of the local action of microwaves of different intensities]. [Effects of microwave irradiation on ATPase activity and voltage dependent ion channel of rat hippocampus cell membrane]. Assessment of immune function development in mice irradiated in utero with 2450-MHz microwaves.
[Response of neurons of the sensomotor region of the cerebral cortex to low-intensity pulsed ultra-high frequency irradiation].
Effects of modulated microwave and X-ray irradiation on the activity and distribution of Ca(2+)ATPase in small intestine epithelial cells.
[Cross-correlation analysis of the interconnection in neuronal pulses in living sections of the neocortex under the effect of microwave irradiation].
[Total bioelectric activity of various structures of the brain in low-intensity microwave irradiation].
Effects of microwave irradiation on some membrane-related processes in bacteria. Effects of modulated and continuous microwave irradiation on the morphology and cell surface negative charge of 3T3 fibroblasts.
Microwave facilitation of methylatropine antagonism of central cholinomimetic drug effects.
[Effects of microwave acute irradiation on biomechanic properties of rabbit tissues].
Search for millimeter microwave effects on enzyme or protein functions. [The effect of microwave irradiation on the status of the thyroid gland].
Study of the use of the microwave magnetic field for the rapid inactivation of brain enzymes.
Serum enzymes in hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation during embryogeny.
[Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro].

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[An effect of delayed behavioral activation during a single exposure to microwaves].
[The status of the higher nervous activity in animals exposed to microwaves in conditions simulating the intermittent work of radiolocators].
[Effect of microwave irradiation on expression of heat shock proteins family in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons].
Cytogenetic consequences of microwave irradiation on mammalian cells incubated in vitro.
[Pulse flows of populations of cortical neurons under microwave radiation: the number of burst activity].
Photic cuing of escape by rats from an intense microwave field.
Effect of microwaves on the activity of murine macrophages in vitro.
Determination of a thermal equivalent of millimeter microwaves in living cells.
Ascorbic acid changes in cultured rabbit lenses after microwave irradiation.
The response of the 22A strain of scrapie agent to microwave irradiation compared with boiling.
[Tactical behavior of rats when choosing among negative stimuli: pain or exposure to an electromagnetic field].
[Pulse flows of populations of cortical neurons under low-intensity pulsed microwave: interspike intervals].
[Pulse flows of cortical neuron populations exposed to microwaves: interspike intervals].
[Changes in the activity and conditioned-reflex behavior of white rats during and after chronic microwave irradiation].
Analysis of the effects of microwave energy on enzymatic activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH).
Changes of amino acid gradients in brain tissues induced by microwave irradiation and other means.
Plasma and red cell volumes of microwave irradiated mice tissues.
A comparison between microwave irradiation and decapitation: basal levels of dynorphin and enkephalin and the effect of chronic morphine treatment on dynorphin peptides.
Microwaves (2,450 MHz) suppress murine natural killer cell activity.
[Effect of impulse-intermittent ultrahigh frequency irradiation on synthesis of nucleic acids in tumor cells].
The effect of microwave irradiation on the vitality of various dermatophytes.

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Focused microwave irradiation of the brain preserves in vivo protein phosphorylation: comparison with other methods of sacrifice and analysis of multiple phosphoproteins.
Brain regional levels of adenosine and adenosine nucleotides in rats killed by high-energy focused microwave irradiation.
The effect of 2450 MHz microwave radiation on histamine secretion by rat peritoneal mast cells.
Microwave-induced hearing: some preliminary theoretical observations.
[Effect of microwave radiation on regional blood flow and tissue oxygenation in the brain].
The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the hematopoietic stem cells of mice.
Reversible irritative effect of acute 2.45GHz microwave exposure on rabbit eyes--a preliminary evaluation.
Acute microwave irradiation and cataract formation in rabbits and monkeys.
Chronic non-thermal exposure of modulated 2450 MHz microwave radiation alters thyroid hormones and behavior of male rats.
Microwave-mediated enzymatic modifications of DNA.
Excellent acceleration of the Diels-Alder reaction by microwave irradiation for the synthesis of new fluorine-substituted ligands of NMDA receptor.
[Effect of 2450 MHz microwaves on the fertility of Swiss female mice].
[Myelokaryocyte mitotic activity during microwave irradiation (2375 MHz)].
Anesthesia as an effective agent against the production of congenital anomalies in mouse fetuses exposed to electromagnetic radiation.
[Stimulation of production of tumor necrosis factor by murine macrophages when exposed in vio and in vitro to weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range].
[Evaluation of changes in electrophysiological and hormonal parameters in rabbits resulting from short-term low-intensity ultra-high-frequency irradiation].
[The effect of millimeter-range electromagnetic and of ionizing radiation on the body and thymocytes of mice and rats].
Effect of microwave irradiation on the blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae).
Leukocyte numbers in hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation in ovo.
The effect of repeated microwave irradiation on the frequency of sex-linked recessive lethal mutations in Drosophila melanogaster.
[The epididymal adipose tissue of mice after nanosecond pulse-periodic microwave irradiation].

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A method for dissection of discrete regions of rat brain following microwave irradiation.
Effect of microwave irradiation (2450 MHz) on murine cytotoxic lymphocyte and natural killer (NK) cells.
Dynamics of Metabolic Parameters in Rats during Repeated Exposure to Modulated LowIntensity UHF Radiation.
[The effect of superhigh-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the course of Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer].
Effect of microwave electromagnetic field on skeletal muscle fibre activity.
[Effects of microwaves on the cellular immune response of Swiss mice].
[The effect of ultrahigh-frequency electromagnetic radiation on learning and memory processes].
Does microwave irradiation have other than thermal effects on glutaraldehyde crosslinking of collagen?
The tissue content of cyclic AMP in rats after microwave irradiation in vivo.
[Effects of microwave irradiation on NMDA receptor subunits mRNA expressions in rat hippocampus].
Plasma corticosterone in hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation in ovo.
[Electron microscopic analysis of the effect of modulated microwave radiation on isolated rat olfactory mucosa].
Animal study on electromagnetic field biological potency.
[The effect of low-intensity prolonged impulse electromagnetic irradiation in the UHF range on the testes and the appendages of the testis in rats].
Germ cell degeneration in normal and microwave-irradiated rats: potential sperm production rates at different developmental steps in spermatogenesis.
[Experimental research on the biological action of the pulse-modulated microwave radiation created by shipboard radar stations].
Cell-density dependent effects of low-dose ionizing radiation on E. coli cells.
[Effects of electromagnetic irradiation on glucocorticoid in serum and its receptor expression in rat hippocampus].
[The effect of microwave irradiation on the peroxide modification of low density lipoproteins in human blood serum].
[Stimulation of murine natural killer cells by weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range].

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Use of 300-msec microwave irradiation for enzyme inactivation: a study of effects of sodium pentobarbital on acetylcholine concentration in mouse brain regions.
[Studies on the screening high yield acid protease producing strain L336 by combining microwave irradiation with chemical inducing].
[Effect of super-high electromagnetic radiation and hormones on the osmotic resistance of mouse erythrocytes].
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave exposures on the peroxidation status in Wistar rats.
[Effect of electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range on the production of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-3 in immunized mice].
Radiation-induced lung toxicity in mice irradiated in a strong magnetic field.
Nonthermal effect of microwave irradiation in nonaqueous enzymatic esterification.
[Role of the thyroid gland in developing the genetic effects of microwaves of nonthermal intensity].
Regional levels of cyclic AMP in rat brain: pitfalls of microwave inactivation.
[Effect of electromagnetic radiation on discharge activity of neurons in the hippocampus CA1 in rats].
Effects of repeated microwave irradiations to the albino rabbit eye.
Inactivation of kallikrein and kininases and stabilization of whole rat brain kinin levels following focused microwave irradiation.
Fragmentation of genomic DNA using microwave irradiation.
[Modifying effect of low-intensive electromagnetic radiation on the irradiated cells].
Intraoperative peritoneal washing cytology with the rapid immunoperoxidase method using microwave irradiation.
[Effect of SHF-radiation on spontaneous impulse activity of cerebral cortex slices in vitro].
[The effect of millimeter-band radiation of nonthermal intensity on sensitivity of Staphylococcus to various antibiotics].
[Infrared spectra of erythrocyte shadows in the region of the amide I and amide II bands following microwave irradiation].
[The immunological mechanism of the modulation of IgE antibody formation during microwave irradiation of the thymus].
Microwave irradiation influences on the state of human cell nuclei.
Acetylcholine: oscillation of levels in mouse brain following electroshock.

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[The inhibiting action of superhigh-frequency millimeter waves on adenovirus (author's transl)].
Slow potentials and spike unit activity of the cerebral cortex of rabbits exposed to microwaves.
[The immunostimulating properties of erythrocytes subjected to the action of ultraviolet irradiation and electromagnetic radiation during vibration exposure].
GSM 900 MHz microwave radiation affects embryo development of Japanese quails.
[Immunomodulating effect of electromagnetic waves on production of tumor necrosis factor in mice with various rates of neoplasm growth].
[Clinical significance of tonsillar provocation test in diagnosis of tonsillar focal infection--by indirect irradiation of ultra-micro waves].
[The immunomodulating action of microwaves in the induction of an immune response to Vi antigen].
[A comparison of conditioned avoidance reflex in rabbits formed under the influence of permanent magnetic fields, ultra-high-frequency irradiation, light and sound].
Physiological measurements during radio-frequency irradiation.
Microwave-induced formation of oligomeric amyloid aggregates.
[Biological oxidation in cells exposed to microwaves in the millimeter range].
Brain amino acid concentrations in rats killed by decapitation and microwave irradiation.
[The effect of electromagnetic waves of very high frequency of molecular spectra of radiation and absorption of nitric oxide on the functional activity of platelets].
Exposure to low-intensive superhigh frequency electromagnetic field as a factor of carcinogenesis in experimental animals.
[Effects of centimeter waves on the immune system of mice in endotoxic shock].
Effect of continuous irradiation with terahertz electromagnetic waves of the NO frequency range on behavioral reactions of male albino rats under stress conditions.
[The effect of electromagnetic radiation with extremely high frequency and low intensity on cytotoxic activity of human natural killer cells].
Exocytosis sensitivity to growth hormone-releasing hormone in subsets of GH cells in rats under different corticosterone conditions. Ultrastructural study using microwave irradiation for fixation and immunocytochemistry.
[Effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity on parameters of humoral immunity in healthy mice].
[The electrical activity of symmetrical areas of the rat cerebral cortex during the use of a lowintensity UHF field].
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[Effect of local SHF-irradiation of the rat foot on impulse activity in the tibial nerve].
[Effect of radiofrequency of electromagnetic radiation on yeast sensitivity to fungicide antibiotics].
Effects of acute and chronic ethanol administration on thromboxane and prostacyclin levels and release in rat brain cortex.
[Effect of microwave on the dentin of root canal wall].
[Constant direct action of the magnetic field on the brain fabric].
[Functional activity and metabolism of blood neutrophils exposed to low-intensity microwaves].
[Effect of weak electromagnetic radiation on regeneration of the pharynx in Dugesia tigrina planaria].
[Effects of hypogeomagnetic fields on the structural-functional activity of rat cerebral cortex].
[Effect of microwaves of nonthermal intensity on the number of aberrant hepatocytes in rats].
[Stimulation of the defenses of trypanosomic mice by a combination of magnetic field and electromagnetic wave radiation].
Visual abnormalities associated with high-energy microwave exposure.
[Changes in the proteinase-inhibitor system of rats with hyperlipoproteinemia during transcerebral exposures to a 100-Hz-frequency pulse current and to an ultrahigh-frequency field].
Hypothalamic cholinergic and noradrenergic neurons in hyperglycemia induced by 2deoxyglucose.
[A mathematical modelling study of the respiratory system during exposure to a low-intensity UHF field].
[Heterogeneity of neurocytes of different brain regions to repeated superhigh-frequency irradiation].
Effects of electro-acupuncture and physical exercise on regional concentrations of neuropeptides in rat brain.
Continuous microwave enhances the healing process of septic and aseptic wounds in rabbits.
[Effect of weak electromagnetic radiation on larva development and metamorphosis of grain beetle Tenebrio molitor].
[Effects of low-intensity EHF-radiation on peripheral sections of the nervous system].
[The influence of electromagnetic field on active avoidance reaction, biogenic amines and amino acids in brain of rats in spite of backround of food-stuff addition seratonus].

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Visualization of in vivo metabolic flows reveals accelerated utilization of glucose and lactate in penumbra of ischemic heart. --Leaf Cluster 29 (94) Theme - Adverse effects of microwave radiation, especially pulsed microwave Titles Physiological effects of 2.8 GHz radio-frequency radiation: a comparison of pulsed and continuous-wave radiation. Abnormal cardiovascular responses induced by localized high power microwave exposure. Thermoregulatory responses of rats exposed to 9.3-GHz radiofrequency radiation. Microwave alteration of the blood-brain barrier system of rats. Blood-brain barrier permeation in the rat during exposure to low-power 1.7-GHz microwave radiation. Low-level microwave irradiations affect central cholinergic activity in the rat. Cerebrovascular permeability to 86Rb in the rat after exposure to pulsed microwaves. Effects of pulsed microwave radiation on the contractile rate of isolated frog hearts. High-peak-power microwave pulses: effects on heart rate and blood pressure in unanesthetized rats. Microwave-induced lethal heat stress: effects of phentolamine, prazosin and metoprolol. Low-level microwave irradiation and central cholinergic activity: a dose-response study. Cardiorespiratory changes during microwave-induced lethal heat stress and beta-adrenergic blockade. Tolazoline decreases survival time during microwave-induced lethal heat stress in anesthetized rats. Studies on blood-brain barrier permeability after microwave-radiation. Low-level microwave irradiation and central cholinergic systems. Heart rate changes due to 5.6-GHz radiofrequency radiation: relation to average power density. Effects of 2.8-GHz microwaves on restrained and ketamine-anesthetized rats. Effect of 2450 MHz microwave energy on the blood-brain barrier to hydrophilic molecules. C. Effect on the permeability to [14C]sucrose. Increased sensitivity of the non-human primate eye to microwave radiation following ophthalmic drug pretreatment.
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Circulating antibody response of mice exposed to 9-GHz pulsed microwave radiation.
Immediate post-exposure effects of high-peak-power microwave pulses on operant behavior of Wistar rats.
Permeability of the blood-brain barrier to mannitol in the rat following 2450 MHz microwave irradiation.
Effects of esmolol on 35 GHz microwave-induced lethal heat stress.
Studies on microwave and blood-brain barrier interaction.
Effects of 2.45-GHz microwaves on primate corneal endothelium.
Corticotropin-releasing factor antagonist blocks microwave-induced decreases in high-affinity choline uptake in the rat brain.
Cardiovascular and thermal effects of microwave irradiation at 1 and/or 10 GHz in anesthetized rats.
Effect of 2450 MHz microwave energy on the blood-brain barrier to hydrophilic molecules. B. Effect on the permeability to HRP.
Microwave influence on the isolated heart function: II. Combined effect of radiation and some drugs.
Acute low-level microwave exposure and central cholinergic activity: studies on irradiation parameters.
Microwave irradiation of rats at 2.45 GHz activates pinocytotic-like uptake of tracer by capillary endothelial cells of cerebral cortex.
Microwave influence on the isolated heart function: I. Effect of modulation.
Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz.
Rhesus monkey behavior during exposure to high-peak-power 5.62-GHz microwave pulses.
The insensitivity of frog heart rate to pulse modulated microwave energy.
Effects of low-level microwave irradiation on hippocampal and frontal cortical choline uptake are classically conditionable.
[Comparative estimation of the effects of continuous and intermittent cyclical microwave radiation on the behavior of rats in the extraordinary situation].
In vitro studies of microwave-induced cataract: reciprocity between exposure duration and dose rate for pulsed microwaves.
Effect of 2450 MHz microwave energy on the blood-brain barrier to hydrophilic molecules. A. Effect on the permeability to sodium fluorescein.
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Absorption of microwave radiation by the anesthetized rat: electromagnetic and thermal hotspots in body and tail.
Opioid receptor subtypes that mediate a microwave-induced decrease in central cholinergic activity in the rat.
Cardiovascular changes in unanesthetized and ketamine-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to 2.8-GHz radiofrequency radiation.
Auditory unit responses to single-pulse and twin-pulse microwave stimuli.
Naltrexone pretreatment blocks microwave-induced changes in central cholinergic receptors.
Microwave effects on isolated chick embryo hearts.
Comparative effects of extremely high power microwave pulses and a brief CW irradiation on pacemaker function in isolated frog heart slices.
Temporal bisection in rats: the effects of high-peak-power pulsed microwave irradiation.
[Effects of 2375 MHz pulse-modulated microwave radiation on ATPase activity of the rat muscle actomyosin].
Influence of microwaves on the beating rate of isolated rat hearts.
Microwave radiation and heart-beat rate of rabbits.
Effects of continuous-wave, pulsed, and sinusoidal-amplitude-modulated microwaves on brain energy metabolism.
In vitro studies of microwave-induced cataract. II. Comparison of damage observed for continuous wave and pulsed microwaves.
Antibody responses of mice exposed to low-power microwaves under combined, pulse-andamplitude modulation.
[Proposed exposure levels of pulse-modulated electromagnetic fields].
Characteristics of microwave evoked body movements in mice.
The effect of pulsed microwaves on passive electrical properties and interspike intervals of snail neurons.
[Effect of low-intensity pulse-modulated microwave on human blood aspartate aminotransferase activity].
Effect of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in rat.
Slow and rapid responses to CW and pulsed microwave radiation by individual Aplysia pacemakers.

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Effects of continuous and pulsed 2450-MHz radiation on spontaneous lymphoblastoid transformation of human lymphocytes in vitro. Effects of high power microwave pulses on synaptic transmission and long term potentiation in hippocampus. Bursting responses of Lymnea neurons to microwave radiation. Influence of acute microwave radiation on cardiac function in normal and myocardial ischemic cats. NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity after high peak power pulsed microwave (8.2 GHz) exposure of normal human monocytes.
Measurement of blood-brain barrier permeation in rats during exposure to 2450-MHz microwaves. Single vs. repeated microwave exposure: effects on benzodiazepine receptors in the brain of the rat. In vitro study of microwave effects on calcium efflux in rat brain tissue. Thermoregulatory responses of rats exposed to 9.3-GHz microwaves: a comparison of E and H orientation. Modification of acoustic startle by microwave pulses in the rat: a preliminary report. Effects of high peak power microwaves on the retina of the rhesus monkey. Alteration of circulating antibody response of mice exposed to 9-GHz pulsed microwaves. Effect of 9.6-GHz pulsed microwaves on the orb web spinning ability of the cross spider (Araneus diadematus). Environmental-health aspects of pulse-modulated microwaves. [The effect of pulsed cyclical microware radiation on the conditioned behavior of rats]. [Effects of electromagnetic radiation of various modes on heart activity (in experiments)]. Modification of acoustic and tactile startle by single microwave pulses. Effect of short electromagnetic pulses on brain acetylcholine content and spontaneous motor activity of mice. Microwave auditory effect- a comparison of some possible transduction mechanisms. Increased susceptibility to radiofrequency radiation due to pharmacological agents. Microwave irradiation affects radial-arm maze performance in the rat. [Changes in serum alkaline phosphatase activity during in vitro exposure to amplitudemodulated electromagnetic field of ultrahigh frequency (2375 MHz) in guinea pigs].
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Reversible microwave effects on the blood-brain barrier.
Effect of microwave radiation on the beating rate of isolated frog hearts.
Amino acid concentrations in hypothalamic and caudate nuclei during microwave-induced thermal stress: analysis by microdialysis.
Character of the effect of microwave on conduction velocity of frog ventricular muscle.
Inter-beat intervals of cardiac-cell aggregates during exposure to 2.45 GHz CW, pulsed, and square-wave-modulated microwaves.
[The efficiency and direction of thymus changes after whole-body exposure of mice to the weak electromagnetic field are determined by the initial status of the thymus].
Alterations in alpha-adrenergic and muscarinic cholinergic receptor binding in rat brain following nonionizing radiation.
[Dependence of microwave effect on the secondary structure of DNA on molecular weight of polynucleotide].
Effects of weak amplitude-modulated microwave fields on calcium efflux from awake cat cerebral cortex.
In vivo exposure of rats to GSM-modulated microwaves: flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte subpopulations and of mitogen stimulation.
[Microwave method of determining cerebral blood flow].
[Effects of unmodulated electromagnetic radiation of decimetric diapason on the morphogenesis of Drosophila].
Pulsed magnetic field induced "analgesia" in the land snail, Cepaea nemoralis, and the effects of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptor agonists/antagonists.
--Leaf Cluster 31 (130)
Theme - Adverse effects of microwave exposures on rats, especially at WiFi frequencies
Titles
Behavioral effects of chronic exposure to 0.5 mW/cm2 of 2,450-MHz microwaves.
Effects of 2.45 GHz CW microwave radiation on embryofetal development in mice.
Decreased body weight in fetal rats after irradiation with 2450-MHz (CW) microwaves.
Observations of rat fetuses after irradiation with 2450-MHz (CW) microwaves.
Teratogenic, biochemical, and histological studies with mice prenatally exposed to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.

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Intermittent exposure of rats to 2450 MHz microwaves at 2.5 mW cm2: behavioral and physiological effects. Behavioral and physiological effects of chronic 2,450-MHz microwave irradiation of the rat at 0.5 mW/cm2. Effect of nonionizing radiation on the Purkinje cells of the rat cerebellum. Physiological and behavioral effects of prolonged exposure to 915 MHz microwaves. Physiological and behavioral effects of chronic exposure to 2450-MHz microwaves. Behavioral thermoregulation in the squirrel monkey: adaptation processes during prolonged microwave exposure. Microwave radiation (2450 MHz) alters the endotoxin-induced hypothermic response of rats. Cardiovascular, hematologic, and biochemical effects of acute ventral exposure of conscious rats to 2450-MHz (CW) microwave radiation. Tests of mutagenesis and reproduction in male rats exposed to 2,450-MHz (CW) microwaves. Observations of Syrian hamster fetuses after exposure to 2450-MHz microwaves. Nonthermal effects of mobile-phone frequency microwaves on uteroplacental functions in pregnant rats. Serum-thyroxine levels in microwave-exposed rats. Blood-forming system in rats after whole-body microwave exposure; reference to the lymphocytes. The in vivo effects of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation of rabbit serum components and sleeping times. Hematologic and immunologic effects of pulsed microwaves in mice. Microwave-induced increase of water and conductivity in submaxillary salivary gland of rats. Effects of whole body microwave exposure on the rat brain contents of biogenic amines. Effects of microwave exposure in utero on embryonal, fetal and postnatal development of mice. Effect of continuous-wave and amplitude-modulated 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the liver and brain aminoacyl-transfer RNA synthetases of in utero exposed mice. Influence of 2.45-GHz CW microwave radiation on spontaneously beating rat atria. Alteration of life span of mice chronically exposed to 2.45 GHz CW microwaves. Studies on the hematologic effects of long-term, low-dose microwave exposure. [Development of murine embryos and fetuses after irradiation with 2450 MHz microwaves].
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Thermoregulatory adjustments in squirrel monkeys exposed to microwaves at high power densities.
[Effects of microwave radiation on lipid peroxidation and the content of neurotransmitters in mice].
An evaluation of the teratogenic potential of protracted exposure of pregnant rats to 2450-MHz microwave radiation: I. Morphologic analysis at term.
[Effects of microwave radiation on conditioned behavior of rats].
Increased serum enzyme activity in microwave-exposed rats.
Long-term, low-level microwave irradiation of rats.
Microwaves modify thermoregulatory behavior in squirrel monkey.
Testicular function of rats following exposure to microwave radiation.
Uteroplacental circulatory disturbance mediated by prostaglandin f2alpha in rats exposed to microwaves. hiro-n@po.incl.ne.jp.
Effects of microwaves on three different strains of rats.
The effect of melatonin on body mass and behaviour of rats during an exposure to microwave radiation from mobile phone.
Thermoregulatory, metabolic, and cardiovascular response of rats to microwaves.
Modification of the repeated acquisition of response sequences in rats by low-level microwave exposure.
Preliminary investigations of the effects of low-level microwave radiation on spontaneous motor activity in rats.
Delineating acute neuroendocrine responses in microwave-exposed rats.
Acute exposure to pulsed 2450-MHz microwaves affects water-maze performance of rats.
Quantitative changes in potassium, sodium, and calcium in the submaxillary salivary gland and blood serum of rats exposed to 2880-MHz microwave radiation.
Effects of hypophysectomy and dexamethasone on rat adrenal response to microwaves.
Simultaneous response of brain electrical activity (EEG) and cerebral circulation (REG) to microwave exposure in rats.
[Effects of whole-body microwave exposure on the plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and thyroid hormones in rats].
An evaluation of the teratogenic potential of protracted exposure of pregnant rats to 2450-MHz microwave radiation. II. Postnatal psychophysiologic analysis.

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Effects of 2.45-GHz microwave radiation on embryonic quail hearts. Chronic exposure of rabbits to 0.5 and 5 mW/cm2 2450-MHz CW microwave radiation. Effect of 2,450 MHz microwave radiation on the development of the rat brain. In utero exposure to microwave radiation and rat brain development. Thermoregulatory responses of the immature rat following repeated postnatal exposures to 2,450-MHz microwaves. Studies of the teratogenic potential of exposure of rats to 6000-MHz microwave radiation. I. Morphologic analysis at term. Effects of acute low-level microwaves on pentobarbital-induced hypothermia depend on exposure orientation. Adjustments in metabolic heat production by squirrel monkeys exposed to microwaves. Effect of 2450 MHz microwave radiation on hematopoiesis of pregnant mice. Natural killer cell activity reduced by microwave exposure during pregnancy is mediated by opioid systems. Interaction of microwaves and a temporally incoherent magnetic field on spatial learning in the rat. Effects of exposure to microwaves on cellular immunity and placental steroids in pregnant rats. Acute, whole-body microwave exposure and testicular function of rats. Reproduction in male Japanese quail exposed to microwave radiation during embryogeny. Repeated exposure to low-level extremely low frequency-modulated microwaves affects baseline and scopolamine-modified electroencephalograms in freely moving rats. Microwaves: effect on thermoregulatory behavior in rats. Effects of microwaves on the adrenal cortex. [Effects of whole-body microwave exposure on the plasma corticosterone, glucose, uric acid and allantoin levels in rats]. Effects of microwave exposure on the hamster immune system. IV. Spleen cell IgM hemolytic plaque formation. Microwave irradiation and instrumental behavior in rats: unitized irradiation and behavioral evaluation facility. Cytogenetic effects of microwave irradiation on male germ cells of the mouse. Effect of microwave irradiation (2.45 GHz, CW) on egg weight loss, egg hatchability, and hatchling growth of the Coturnix quail.
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Microwave effects on energy metabolism of rat brain.
[Experimental estimation of thermogenic levels of acute microwave exposure for different animal species].
Lethality in mice and rats exposed to 2450 MHz circularly polarized microwaves as a function of exposure duration and environmental factors.
Heat-dissipation rate of mice after microwave irradiation.
Studies of the teratogenic potential of exposure of rats to 6000-MHz microwave radiation. II. Postnatal psychophysiologic evaluations.
Effects of 2450 MHz microwave radiation during the gestational period on the postnatal hematology of rats.
Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the development of Japanese quail cerebellum.
Repeated exposure to low-level extremely low frequency-modulated microwaves affects cortexhypothalamus interplay in freely moving rats: EEG study.
Comparative effects of pulsed and continuous-wave 2.8-GHz microwaves on temporally defined behavior.
[Endocrine mechanism of placental circulatory disturbances induced by microwave in pregnant rats].
Response of Japanese quail to hemorrhagic stress after exposure to microwave radiation during embryogeny.
Exposure of fertile chicken eggs to microwave radiation (2.45 GHz, CW) during incubation: technique and evaluation.
B16 melanoma development in black mice exposed to low-level microwave radiation.
Complement receptor positive spleen cells in microwave (2450-MHz)-irradiated mice.
Prolonged microwave irradiation of rats: effects on concurrent operant behavior.
Effects of microwave exposure on the hamster immune system. II. Peritoneal macrophage function.
Space efficient system for small animal, whole body microwave exposure at 1.6 GHz.
[Animal death after exposure to ultra-high frequency waves in the dependence of power flux density and specific absorption rate].
Effects of microwave exposure on the hamster immune system. I. Natural killer cell activity.
Influence of pre- and postnatal exposure of rats to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation on neurobehavioral function.

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Morphological changes in cerebellum of neonatal rats exposed to 2.45 GHz microwaves.
Effect of nonionizing radiation on the Purkinje cells of the uvula in squirrel monkey cerebellum.
Pulse modulated and continuous wave microwave radiation yield equivalent changes in operant behavior of rodents.
Effects of postnatal microwave exposure on thyrotropin level in the adult male rat.
The effects of single and repeated exposure to 2.45 GHz radiofrequency fields on c-Fos protein expression in the paraventricular nucleus of rat hypothalamus.
Miniature anechoic chamber for chronic exposure of small animals to plane-wave microwave fields.
Microwaves induce peripheral vasodilation squirrel monkeys.
Some effects of exposure of the Japanese quail embryo to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.
Protein kinase C activity in developing rat brain cells exposed to 2.45 GHz radiation.
Longevity and food consumption of microwave-treated (2.45 GHz CW) honeybees in the laboratory.
Age-dependent effect of long-term microwave radiation on postnatal neurogenesis in rats: morphological and behavioral study.
Radial arm maze performance of rats following repeated low level microwave radiation exposure.
Microwave radiation enhances teratogenic effect of cytosine arabinoside in mice.
Effects of microwaves (900 MHz) on the cochlear receptor: exposure systems and preliminary results.
Effects of GSM-900 microwaves on the experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) rat model of multiple sclerosis.
Transbilayer movement of 24Na in sonicated phosphatidylcholine vesicles exposed to frequencymodulated microwave radiation.
Antipruritic effect of millimeter waves in mice: evidence for opioid involvement.
Effects on energy absorption of orientation and size of animals exposed to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.
Biological studies with continuous-wave radiofrequency (28 MHz) radiation.
Flight, orientation, and homing abilities of honeybees following exposure to 2.45-GHz CW microwaves.

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Age-related changes in the noradrenergic pattern and receptor responses of the rat cardiovascular system after repeated microwave exposure.
Failure of rats to escape from a potentially lethal microwave field.
Humoral and cell-mediated immune function in adult Japanese Quail following exposure to 2.45GHz microwave radiation during embryogeny.
[Which neurophysiologic effects at low level 2.45 GHz RF exposure?].
[Effects of 2450 MHz microwave on long-term potentiation of hippocampus and lipofuscin contents in rat brain].
The effect of microwave radiation on the primary IgM response to sheep red blood cells in mice.
[Effects of electromagnetic field of thermal intensity on the hypophysis-thyroid unit of the neuroendocrine system].
[Action of a UHF field on GABA-ergic and acetylcholinergic systems in synaptic transmission].
Noradrenergic innervation and receptor responses of cardiovascular tissues from young and aged rats after acute microwave exposure.
Effects of weak microwave fields amplitude modulated at ELF on EEG of symmetric brain areas in rats.
Erythropoietic dynamic equilibrium in rats maintained after microwave irradiation.
Glucose administration attenuates spatial memory deficits induced by chronic low-power-density microwave exposure.
Behavioral Abnormality along with NMDAR-related CREB Suppression in Rat Hippocampus after Shortwave Exposure.
Effects of microwave exposure on the hamster immune system. III. Macrophage resistance to vesicular stomatitis virus infection.
Retrograde amnesia: effects of handling and microwave radiation.
[Effect of high frequency electromagnetic fields on the processes of transamination in the liver and small intestine tissues of rats].
Influence of postnatal exposition to microwaves on brain and hypothalamo-pituitary monoamines in the adult male rat.
Electric power induction through an isolated intestinal pouch.
[Effect of microwaves on the spike activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells in the cat].
Fourth Level Cluster 79 (428) Theme - Microwave radiation absorption at different frequencies

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--Leaf Cluster 10 (75) Theme - Dielectric properties of tissue at different microwave frequencies Titles The UHF and microwave dielectric properties of normal and tumour tissues: variation in dielectric properties with tissue water content. Changes in the dielectric properties of rat tissue as a function of age at microwave frequencies. Dielectric properties of muscle and liver from 500 MHz-40 GHz. Dielectric properties of tissues; variation with age and their relevance in exposure of children to electromagnetic fields; state of knowledge. A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal, benign and malignant breast tissues obtained from cancer surgeries. A quick accurate method for measuring the microwave dielectric properties of small tissue samples. A method for in vivo detection of abnormal subepidermal tissues based on dielectric properties. Microwave method for determing dielectric parameters of living biological objects I. Microwave dielectric studies on proteins, tissues, and heterogeneous suspensions. Dielectric properties of porcine brain tissue in the transition from life to death at frequencies from 800 to 1900 MHz. A large-scale study of the ultrawideband microwave dielectric properties of normal breast tissue obtained from reduction surgeries. Dielectric property measurement of ocular tissues up to 110 GHz using 1 mm coaxial sensor. Radio-frequency and microwave dielectric properties of insects. Dielectric properties of Co-gamma-irradiated and microwave-heated rat tumour and skin measured in vivo between 0.2 and 2.4 GHz. Microwave dielectric relaxation in muscle. A second look. Dielectric properties of animal tissues in vivo at radio and microwave frequencies: comparison between species. Dielectric properties of rat embryo and foetus as a function of gestation. Dielectric properties of porcine cerebrospinal tissues at microwave frequencies: in vivo, in vitro and systematic variation with age.
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Dielectric properties of insect tissues. Development of anatomically realistic numerical breast phantoms with accurate dielectric properties for modeling microwave interactions with the human breast. Dielectric properties at microwave frequencies studied in partially filled cylindrical TE011 cavities. Dielectric properties of human brain tissue measured less than 10 h postmortem at frequencies from 800 to 2450 MHz. [Dielectric properties of human sweat fluid in the microwave range]. Dielectric behavior of DNA solution at radio and microwave frequencies (at 20 degrees C).
A heterogeneous breast phantom for microwave breast imaging. Dielectric properties of supersaturated alpha-D-glucose aqueous solutions at 2450 MHz. Variation of the dielectric properties of tissues with age: the effect on the values of SAR in children when exposed to walkie-talkie devices. Microwave dielectric properties of tissue. Some comments on the rotational mobility of tissue water. Monitoring water content of rat lung tissue in vivo using microwave reflectometry. Microwave dielectric properties and thermochemical characteristics of the mixtures of walnut shell and manganese ore. Microwave-induced thermal imaging of tissue dielectric properties. Dielectrical model of cellular structures in radio frequency and microwave spectrum. Electrically interacting versus noninteracting cells. Average dielectric property analysis of complex breast tissue with microwave transmission measurements. Modeling of the dielectric properties of trabecular bone samples at microwave frequency. Dielectric properties for non-invasive detection of normal, benign, and malignant breast tissues using microwave theories.
Microwave dielectric measurements (0.8-70 GHz) on Artemia cysts at variable water content. An evaluation of the mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic potential of microwaves. Microwave dielectric analysis of human stratum corneum in vivo. Dielectric properties of human ovary follicular fluid at 9.2 GHz. A macroscopic model of lungs and a material simulating their properties at radio and microwave frequencies.
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Microwave dielectric measurements and tissue characteristics of the human brain: potential in localizing intracranial tissues.
Theoretical evaluation of dielectric absorption of microwave energy at the scale of nucleic acids.
40 GHz RF biosensor based on microwave coplanar waveguide transmission line for cancer cells (HepG2) dielectric characterization.
Modeling of noninvasive microwave characterization of breast tumors.
Cole-Cole parameters for the dielectric properties of porcine tissues as a function of age at microwave frequencies.
The dielectric properties of normal and tumour mouse tissue between 50 MHz and 10 GHz.
Dielectric Properties for Differentiating Normal and Malignant Thyroid Tissues.
The dielectric properties of the cerebellum, cerebrum and brain stem of mouse brain at radiowave and microwave frequencies.
Effect of ultraviolet light on the dielectric behavior of bone at microwave frequencies.
Microwave dielectric measurements of erythrocyte suspensions.
Electrical properties of lens material at microwave frequencies.
A semi-automatic method for developing an anthropomorphic numerical model of dielectric anatomy by MRI.
Microwave absorption in aqueous solutions of DNA.
The measured electrical properties of normal and malignant human tissues from 50 to 900 MHz.
Numerical assessment of the reduction of specific absorption rate by adding high dielectric materials for fetus MRI at 3 T.
Non-invasive and continuous monitoring of the sol-gel phase transition of supramolecular gels using a fast (open-ended coaxial) microwave sensor.
Carbon-coated CoFe-CoFe2O4 composite particles with high and dual-band electromagnetic wave absorbing properties.
A microwave radiometric method for the study of the semiconductor properties of living tissue: its potential application to tumour location.
Theoretical evaluation of the distributed power dissipation in biological cells exposed to electric fields.
[Mechanism of microwave radiation absorption by biological membranes].
A generalized model for the interaction of microwave radiation with bound water in biological material.

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Understanding physical mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect.
Analytical approximations in multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by aligned dielectric spheroids.
A novel discrete particle swarm optimization algorithm for estimating dielectric constants of tissue.
Multi-physics modeling to study the influence of tissue compression and cold stress on enhancing breast tumor detection using microwave radiometry.
Microwave facilities for welding thermoplastic composites and preliminary results.
Biological effects of low-level environmental agents.
Multifunctional composites: optimizing microstructures for simultaneous transport of heat and electricity.
The properties of bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers and as receptors of microwave radiation. I. Bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers.
Brain banks and non nervous tissues.
Characterization of three iron ferredoxins by microwave power saturation.
[Possible mechanisms of aftereffects of GSM electromagnetic radiation on air-dry seeds].
Microwave grafted, composite and coprocessed materials: drug delivery applications.
Production of a Novel Mineral-based Sun Lotion for Protecting the Skin from Biohazards of Electromagnetic Radiation in the UV Region.
Microwave drying remediation of petroleum-contaminated drill cuttings.
--Leaf Cluster 23 (88)
Theme - Specific absorption rate in human body models
Titles
Body effects on SAR distributions for microwave exposures in a realistic model of the human head.
Analysis of SAR distribution in human head of antenna used in wireless power transform based on magnetic resonance.
FDTD chiral brain tissue model for specific absorption rate determination under radiation from mobile phones at 900 and 1800 MHz.
FDTD calculations of specific energy absorption rate in a seated voxel model of the human body from 10 MHz to 3 GHz.

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Development of a rat head exposure system for simulating human exposure to RF fields from handheld wireless telephones.
Radio frequency electromagnetic exposure: tutorial review on experimental dosimetry.
SAR calculations in an anatomically realistic model of the head for mobile communication transceivers at 900 MHz and 1.8 GHz.
Specific absorption rate (SAR) in models of the human head exposed to hand-held UHF portable radios.
Initial analysis of SAR from a cell phone inside a vehicle by numerical computation.
Dosimetry associated with exposure to non-ionizing radiation: very low frequency to microwaves.
SAR versus S(inc): What is the appropriate RF exposure metric in the range 1-10 GHz? Part I: Using planar body models.
Whole-body and local dosimetry in rats exposed to 2.45-GHz microwave radiation.
Specific absorption rate in rats exposed to 2,450-MHz microwaves under seven exposure conditions.
Electromagnetic fields: human safety issues.
Microwave radiation absorption in the rat: frequency-dependent SAR distribution in body and tail.
Observing-responses of rats exposed to 1.28- and 5.62-GHz microwaves.
Multibody effects on microwave power absorption by multilayered cylindrical models of man.
Numerical compliance testing of human exposure to electromagnetic radiation from smartwatches.
A simulation for effects of RF electromagnetic radiation from a mobile handset on eyes model using the finite-difference time-domain method.
Outdoor measurement of SAR in a full-sized human model exposed to 29.9 MHz in the near field.
Effects of frequency, irradiation geometry and polarisation on computation of SAR in human brain.
SAR in a child voxel phantom from exposure to wireless computer networks (Wi-Fi).
Preliminary studies: far-field microwave dosimetric measurements of a full-scale model of man.
Numerical simulation of pressure waves in the cochlea induced by a microwave pulse.
The effects of RF absorbers on exposure levels at 100 MHz.

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Comparison of numerical and experimental methods for determination of SAR and radiation patterns of handheld wireless telephones.
Dominant factors influencing whole-body average SAR due to far-field exposure in whole-body resonance frequency and GHz regions.
Numerical evaluation of human exposure to WiMax patch antenna in tablet or laptop. Far-field microwave dosimetry in a rhesus monkey model.
A method for safety testing of radiofrequency/microwave-emitting devices using MRI.
Local exposure system for rats head using a figure-8 loop antenna in 1500-MHz band.
Analytic SAR computation in a multilayer elliptic cylinder for bioelectromagnetic applications.
Computation of high-resolution SAR distributions in a head due to a radiating dipole antenna representing a hand-held mobile phone. Thermal mapping on male genital and skin tissues of laptop thermal sources and electromagnetic interaction.
Acute dosimetry and estimation of threshold-inducing behavioral signs of thermal stress in rabbits at 2.45-GHz microwave exposure.
Comparison of Thermal Response for RF Exposure in Human and Rat Models.
Systems for exposing mice to 2,450-MHz electromagnetic fields.
A suggested limit for population exposure to radiofrequency radiation. SAR distribution in a bio-medium in close proximity with dual segment cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna.
A comparative study of the PIFA and printed monopole antenna EM absorption.
Compact shielded exposure system for the simultaneous long-term UHF irradiation of forty small mammals. II. Dosimetry.
Thermal effects of radiation from cellular telephones.
SAR in rats exposed in 2,450-MHz circularly polarized waveguides. A formula for human average whole-body SARwb under diffuse fields exposure in the GHz region.
Scaling the physiological effects of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation: consequences of body size.
Radiofrequency dosimetry in subjects implanted with metallic straight wires: a numerical study. Further studies of human whole-body radiofrequency absorption rates.

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Estimation of whole-body SAR from electromagnetic fields using personal exposure meters.
Numerical modelling of thermal effects in rats due to high-field magnetic resonance imaging (0.5-1 GHZ).
Dosimetry for a study of effects of 2.45-GHz microwaves on mouse testis.
SAR exposure from UHF RFID reader in adult, child, pregnant woman, and fetus anatomical models.
Head and neck resonance in a rhesus monkey--a comparison with results from a human model.
On the averaging area for incident power density for human exposure limits at frequencies over 6 GHz.
Dosimetric study on eye's exposure to wide band radio frequency electromagnetic fields: variability by the ocular axial length.
Absorption of microwave energy by muscle models and by birds of differing mass and geometry.
Influence of electromagnetic polarization on the whole-body averaged SAR in children for plane-wave exposures.
Thermal effects of MR imaging: worst-case studies on sheep.
Comparison of dose dependences for bioeffects of continuous-wave and high-peak power microwave emissions using gel-suspended cell cultures.
An attempt at quantitative specification of SAR distribution homogeneity.
A new method of SAR determination in animals exposed to microwave/radiofrequency radiation (MW/RFR).
Metabolic and vasomotor responses of rhesus monkeys exposed to 225-MHz radiofrequency energy.
Exposure assessment of one-year-old child to 3G tablet in uplink mode and to 3G femtocell in downlink mode using polynomial chaos decomposition.
Harmful effects of 41 and 202 MHz radiations on some body parts and tissues.
Whole-body new-born and young rats' exposure assessment in a reverberating chamber operating at 2.4 GHz.
A 3-D hp finite/infinite element method to calculate power deposition in the human head.
Ocular effects of radiofrequency energy.
The development of biomedical approaches and concepts in radiofrequency radiation protection.
Absorbed energy distribution from radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation in a mammalian cell model: effect of membrane-bound water.

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Statistical analysis of whole-body absorption depending on anatomical human characteristics at a frequency of 2.1 GHz.
Computational human model VHP-FEMALE derived from datasets of the national library of medicine.
Modeling the detectability of vesicoureteral reflux using microwave radiometry. Radio-wave exposure of the human head: analytical study based on a versatile eccentric spheres model including a brain core and a pair of eyeballs. Millimeter-wave absorption by cutaneous blood vessels: a computational study.
Simple method to measure power density entering a plane biological sample at millimeter wavelengths.
Exposure of Insects to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields from 2 to 120 GHz.
[Use of dose parameters of UHF irradiation in the interpretation of lethal effects in laboratory animals].
Noninvasive measurement of current in the human body for electromagnetic dosimetry. Exposure to non-ionizing radiation provokes changes in rat thyroid morphology and expression of HSP-90.
Induced EM fields inside human bodies irradiated by EM waves of up to 500 MHz.
A dual vial waveguide exposure facility for examining microwave effects in vitro.
[Estimation of the restricted area related to the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields in the vicinity of microwave relay antenna systems].
FDTD simulation of electromagnetic wave scattering from retina cells. Effect of metal-framed spectacles on microwave radiation hazards to the eye of humans.
Effect of insertion depth on helical antenna performance in a muscle-equivalent phantom.
A survey of the urban radiofrequency (RF) environment.
[The evaluation of the consequences of electromagnetic irradiation of hands in operators of highfrequency welding devices]. Dosimetry considerations in far field microwave exposure of mammalian cells.
[Changes of neurocytes in CNS under general exposure to UHF field with local protection applied].
--Leaf Cluster 21 (63) Theme - Adverse effects of millimeter-wave exposures on biological systems

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Titles
[Effects of millimeter wave irradiation with different frequency and power density on their offsprings in mice].
[Relationship between millimeter wave irradiation in pregnant mice and c-Fos protein expression in hippocampus and learning and memory functions in their offsprings].
Gene expression changes in the skin of rats induced by prolonged 35 GHz millimeter-wave exposure.
[Effect of low intensity of electromagnetic radiation in the centimeter and millimeter range on proliferative and cytotoxic activity of murine spleen lymphocytes].
[Effects of millimeter wave on gene expression in human keratinocytes].
Current state and implications of research on biological effects of millimeter waves: a review of the literature.
Acute ocular injuries caused by 60-Ghz millimeter-wave exposure.
A non-thermal effect of millimeter wave radiation on the puffing of giant chromosomes.
Effects of millimeter waves on ionic currents of Lymnaea neurons.
Evaluation of the potential in vitro antiproliferative effects of millimeter waves at some therapeutic frequencies on RPMI 7932 human skin malignant melanoma cells.
[Acoustic detection of absorption of millimeter-band electromagnetic waves in biological objects].
Reception of low-intensity millimeter-wave electromagnetic radiation by the electroreceptors in skates.
Effect of cyclophosphamide and 61.22 GHz millimeter waves on T-cell, B-cell, and macrophage functions.
Frequency and irradiation time-dependant antiproliferative effect of low-power millimeter waves on RPMI 7932 human melanoma cell line.
Hypothalamic effects of millimeter wave irradiation depend on location of exposed acupuncture zones in unanesthetized rabbits.
Some basic properties of biological tissues for potential biomedical applications of millimeter waves.
[The electrical activity of the hypothalamus in exposure to millimeter-wave radiation at biologically active points].
Electromagnetic millimeter wave induced hypoalgesia: frequency dependence and involvement of endogenous opioids.

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Comparison of blood pressure and thermal responses in rats exposed to millimeter wave energy or environmental heat.
Modulation of neuronal activity and plasma membrane properties with low-power millimeter waves in organotypic cortical slices.
Thermal modeling of millimeter wave damage to the primate cornea at 35 GHz and 94 GHz.
Thermal response of tissues to millimeter waves: implications for setting exposure guidelines.
[Activity of natural killer cells of the spleen of mice exposed to low-intensity of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation].
Study of narrow band millimeter-wave potential interactions with endoplasmic reticulum stress sensor genes.
Effect of millimeter waves on natural killer cell activation.
Transmission electron microscopy study of the effects produced by wide-band low-power millimeter waves on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in culture.
Morphological changes in skin nerves caused by electromagnetic radiation of the millimeter range.
The use of millimeter wavelength electromagnetic waves in cardiology.
Millimeter wave exposure reverses TPA suppression of gap junction intercellular communication in HaCaT human keratinocytes.
Millimeter wave induced reversible externalization of phosphatidylserine molecules in cells exposed in vitro.
[The simulation of the cooperative effect of development in a culture of early mouse embryos after irradiation with electromagnetic waves in the millimeter range].
Effects of Millimeter-Wave Electromagnetic Radiation on the Experimental Model of Migraine.
Effect of 99 GHz continuous millimeter wave electro-magnetic radiation on E. coli viability and metabolic activity.
Effect of low-intensity millimeter wave electromagnetic radiation on regeneration of the sciatic nerve in rats.
Millimeter waves thermally alter the firing rate of the Lymnaea pacemaker neuron.
Numerical model of heat transfer in the rabbit eye exposed to 60-GHz millimeter wave radiation.
[Power density analysis on millimeter waves irradiated into cell monolayers in culture dishes].
Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced suppression of the immune system.
Immunomodulating action of low intensity millimeter waves on primed neutrophils.

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Suppression of pain sensation caused by millimeter waves: a double-blinded, cross-over, prospective human volunteer study. [The effect of continuous millimeter low-intensity radiation on the Na+ ion transport in the frog skin]. [Effects of millimeter wave on gap junctional intercellular communication in human keratinocytes]. [The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the millimeter-wave range on the immune status of peptic ulcer patients]. Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced suppression of T cell functions.
Millimeter-wave effects on electric activity of crayfish stretch receptors. Reflection and penetration depth of millimeter waves in murine skin. Search for frequency-specific effects of millimeter-wave radiation on isolated nerve function. Millimeter wave-induced modulation of calcium dynamics in an engineered skin co-culture model: role of secreted ATP on calcium spiking. Millimeter wave absorption in the nonhuman primate eye at 35 GHz and 94 GHz. [Effect of extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the function of skin sensory endings]. Induced movements of giant vesicles by millimeter wave radiation. Sustained 35-GHz radiofrequency irradiation induces circulatory failure. [The effects of electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency and low intensity on the growth rate of bacteria Escherichia coli and the role of medium pH]. [Effect of coherent extremely high-frequency and low-intensity electromagnetic radiation on the activity of membrane systems in Escherichia coli]. Effect of millimeter waves on cyclophosphamide induced NF-kappaB. [Resonance effect of coherent millimeter-band electromagnetic waves on living organisms]. Large Metasurface Aperture for Millimeter Wave Computational Imaging at the Human-Scale. [The effect of millimeter-range electromagnetic radiation on the evoked potentials from the vestibular cortical area of the cerebral hemispheres (an experimental study)]. Long-lasting (fatiguing) activity of isolated muscle fibres influenced by microwave electromagnetic field. The mechanisms of athermal microwave biological effects. [Experimental study on possibility of corneal injury by electromagnetic wave].
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Multi-center feasibility study of microwave radiometry thermometry for non-invasive differential diagnosis of arterial disease in diabetic patients with suspected critical limb ischemia. Tagging frogs with passive integrated transponders causes disruption of the cutaneous bacterial community and proliferation of opportunistic fungi. --Leaf Cluster 44 (95) Theme ­ Adverse effects of microwave resonances in biological systems Titles Thermal Response of Human Skin to Microwave Energy: A Critical Review. Tissue models for RF exposure evaluation at frequencies above 6 GHz. Thermal models for microwave hazards and their role in standards development. A thermal model for human thresholds of microwave-evoked warmth sensations. Modeling thermal responses in human subjects following extended exposure to radiofrequency energy. Physiological interaction processes and radio-frequency energy absorption. Human exposure at two radio frequencies (450 and 2450 MHz): similarities and differences in physiological response. Vibrational resonances in biological systems at microwave frequencies. Thermoregulatory physiologic responses in the human body exposed to microwave radiation. [Dosimetric aspects in studying the biological action of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation]. High-resolution simulations of the thermophysiological effects of human exposure to 100 MHz RF energy. Thermal Modeling for the Next Generation of Radiofrequency Exposure Limits: Commentary. Microwave-induced pressure waves in a model of muscle tissue. Radiofrequency energy on cortical bone and soft tissue: a pilot study. [Role of polarization and resonance in assessing the biological effects of electromagnetic radiation]. Microwave challenges to the thermoregulatory system. Physiologic regulation in electromagnetic fields. Thermal Response of In Vivo Human Skin to Fractional Radiofrequency Microneedle Device. Impact of monopolar radiofrequency energy on subchondral bone viability.

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A comparative study of human sensory thresholds: 2450-MHz microwaves vs far-infrared radiation. Energy deposition processes in biological tissue: nonthermal biohazards seem unlikely in the ultra-high frequency range. Generalized model of the microwave auditory effect. Thermophysiological responses of human volunteers during controlled whole-body radio frequency exposure at 450 MHz. Mechanical and biochemical effect of monopolar radiofrequency energy on human articular cartilage: an in vitro study.
The influence of radiofrequency/microwave energy absorption on physiological regulation. Considerations for human exposure standards for fast-rise-time high-peak-power electromagnetic pulses. [Mechanisms of biophysical effects of microwaves]. Effects of electromagnetic radiation on the Q of quartz resonators. Energy issues in microwave food processing: A review of developments and the enabling potentials of solid-state power delivery. Biophysical limits on athermal effects of RF and microwave radiation. Auditory response to pulsed radiofrequency energy. Thresholds for lenticular damage in the rabbit eye due to single exposure to CW microwave radiation: an analysis of the experimental information at a frequency of 2.45 GHz. A Closer Look at the Thresholds of Thermal Damage: Workshop Report by an ICNIRP Task Group. Theory of the anomalous resonant absorption of DNA at microwave frequencies. Intrinsic and roughness-induced absorption of electromagnetic radiation incident on optical surfaces. Ultrawide-band electromagnetic pulses induced hypotension in rats.
Ultrawide-band electromagnetic pulses induced hypotension in rats. 2D plasmon excitation and nonthermal effects of microwaves on biological membranes. Thresholds of microwave-evoked warmth sensations in human skin. The effect of radiofrequency energy on the ultrastructure of joint capsular collagen. [Resonance interactions of surface charged lipid vesicles with the microwave electromagnetic field].
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Synchronization in a mechanical resonator array coupled quadratically to a common electromagnetic field mode.
Ovicidal levels of 2.45 GHz electromagnetic energy for the southern corn rootworm.
On the possibility of nonthermal biological effects of pulsed electromagnetic radiation.
Fine structural alterations in radiofrequency energy-induced lesions in dog hearts: possible basis for reduced arrhythmic complications.
Microwave and RF hazard standard considerations.
A model of the electric field of the brain at EEG and microwave frequencies.
[The peculiarities of the microwave in the frequency range of 51-52 GHz spectrum effects on E. coli cells].
[Electromagnetic radiation in the radiofrequency range: radiation safety].
Ultrashort microwave signals: a didactic discussion.
A cooperative model for Ca(++) efflux windowing from cell membranes exposed to electromagnetic radiation.
Electromagnetic-field exposure and cancer.
Monte Carlo simulations of electromagnetic wave scattering from a random rough surface with three-dimensional penetrable buried object: mine detection application using the steepest-descent fast multipole method.
Microwave absorption by magnetite: a possible mechanism for coupling nonthermal levels of radiation to biological systems.
Nonlinear changes in brain electrical activity due to cell phone radiation.
Thermoregulatory responses of febrile monkeys during microwave exposure.
[Experiment with the local effect of superhigh-frequency electromagnetic energy on biologically active points].
Monte Carlo simulations for scattering of electromagnetic waves from perfectly conductive random rough surfaces.
[Electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation (microwaves): principles and criteria of standardization, threshold dose levels].
Development of a hybrid microwave-optical tissue oxygenation probe to measure thermal response in the deep tissue.
[Dependence of anti-inflammatory effects of high peak-power pulsed electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency on exposure parameters].

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Electrical discontinuity of tissue substitute models at 27.12 MHz.
Analysis of strain-induced EPR-line shapes and anisotropic spin-lattice relaxation in a [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin.
The human skin as a sub-THz receiver - Does 5G pose a danger to it or not?
Effects of microwave radiation on living tissues.
Monitoring variations of biological impedances using microwave Doppler radar.
Scaling Relationship of In Vivo Muscle Contraction Strength of Rabbits Exposed to HighFrequency Nanosecond Pulse Bursts.
Biophysical injury mechanisms in electrical shock trauma.
Dynamic nuclear polarisation of biological matter.
Microwave imaging using the finite-element method and a sensitivity analysis approach.
[An evaluation of absorbed doses of high energy electromagnetic radiation in radiotherapy of laryngeal cancer].
[The effects of pulsed low-level EM fields on memory processes].
Ultrawideband radiation and pentylenetetrazol-induced convulsions in rats.
Multi-Center Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety Profile of High Energy Fractionated Radiofrequency With Insulated Microneedles to Multiple Levels of the Dermis.
Propagation of an electromagnetic wave in an absorbing anisotropic medium and infrared transmission of liquid crystals: comparison with experiments.
Microwave medical imaging based on sparsity and an iterative method with adaptive thresholding.
Microwave-field-driven acoustic modes in DNA.
Long-term study of 435 MHz radio-frequency radiation on blood-borne end points in cannulated rats. Part I: Engineering considerations.
Comment I on "Generation of focused, nonspherically decaying pulses of electromagnetic radiation"
Moisture Monitoring in Fluid-Bed Granulation by Multi-Resonance Microwave Sensor: Applicability on Crystal-Water Containing Donepezil Granules.
[Immunotropic effects of electromagnetic fields in the range of radio- and microwave frequencies].
Multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by an array of parallel gyrotropic rods.

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Human leukocyte functions and the U.S. safety standard for exposure to radio-frequency radiation.
[Biological and ecological aspects of the effects combined electromagnetic rays on farm animals].
A model of cell electromagnetic susceptibility associated with the membrane electric field.
An algorithm to derive the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by photosynthetic elements of the canopy (FAPAR(ps)) from eddy covariance flux tower data.
Transfer of light-induced electron-spin polarization from the intermediary acceptor to the prereduced primary acceptor in the reaction center of photosynthetic bacteria.
A signal-to-noise standard for pulsed EPR.
[Effect of decimeter polarized electromagnetic radiation on germinating capacity of seeds].
Multifrequency electron paramagnetic resonance study on deproteinized human bone.
Measurement of heart rate variability and stress evaluation by using microwave reflectometric vital signal sensing.
Frequency selective solutions for an efficient non-ionising radiation protection in the radiofrequency and microwave ranges.
How might spatial nonuniformity of dose in a homogeneous biological system affect its total response?
EM-field effect upon properties of NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase with model substrates.
Comment II on "Generation of focused, nonspherically decaying pulses of electromagnetic radiation"
--Leaf Cluster 47 (107)
Theme - Adverse biological effects of decimeter waves
Titles
[Energy and plastic metabolism of the heart muscle in rabbits undergoing thyroid irradiation with decimeter waves].
[The action of decimeter waves and merkazolil on myocardial metabolism in the rabbit and its hormonal regulation].
[The immunological and hormonal effects of combined exposure to a bitemporal ultrahighfrequency electrical field and to decimeter waves at different sites].
[Effect of electromagnetic radiation of the decimetric wave range on myocardium cell membranes].

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[Role of ultrasonic dopplerography in monitoring the effectiveness of treatment of patients who have sustained a stroke with decimeter-range electromagnetic waves].
[Dynamic ultrastructural shifts in the cardiomyocytes during the irradiation of the cardiac area with decimeter electromagnetic waves].
[Myocardial energy metabolism in decimeter-wave exposures].
Modulation of a compressional electromagnetic wave in a magnetized electron-positron quantum plasma.
Interference of electromagnetic waves in dynamic metabolism.
Electromagnetic wave scattering from a rough interface above a chiral medium: generalized field transforms.
[Ultrastructure of the cerebral cortex in the rat after the effect of electromagnetic impulse].
Information transfer by electromagnetic waves in cortex layers.
Levy noise improves the electrical activity in a neuron under electromagnetic radiation.
Response of Electrical Activity in an Improved Neuron Model under Electromagnetic Radiation and Noise.
Possible microwave mechanisms of the mammalian nervous system.
[The effect of decimeter waves on the metabolism of the myocardium and its hormonal regulation in rabbits with experimental ischemia].
[Ultrastructure of cells of the lateral field of the hypothalamus of the cat after exposure to electromagnetic radiation].
[Morphological changes in the thyroid and adrenals under the bitemporal action of a UHF electrical field and decimeter waves (experimental research)].
Some neurotropic effects of low-intensity electromagnetic waves in rats with different typological characteristics of higher nervous activity.
[Systematic analysis of the state of man exposed to radio wave irradiation for a long time].
Poly(dimethylsilylene)diacetylene-Guided ZIF-Based Heterostructures for Full Ku-Band Electromagnetic Wave Absorption.
[The brain function of animals exposed to the action of centimeter electromagnetic waves].
Modulation of coherence of vectorial electromagnetic waves in the Young interferometer.
[Effect of electromagnetic waves with 59-63 GHz frequency on myocardial infarct patients in the subacute stage].
Reflection and transmission of electromagnetic waves at a temporal boundary.

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Effect of low-intensity millimeter-range electromagnetic irradiation on the recovery of function in lesioned sciatic nerves in rats.
[Changes in physico-chemical parameters of homeopathic remedies ferrum metallicum CH6 and ferrum metallicum CH30 after exposure to high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity].
Multi-functional coding metasurface for dual-band independent electromagnetic wave control.
[Changes in intracellular regeneration and the indices of endocrine function and cardiac microcirculation in exposure to decimeter waves].
Multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by an aggregate of uniaxial anisotropic spheres.
Low power radio-frequency and microwave effects on human electroencephalogram and behavior.
Electrophysiological effects of non-invasive Radio Electric Asymmetric Conveyor (REAC) on thalamocortical neural activities and perturbed experimental conditions.
[Electromagnetic radiation of non-thermal intensity and short exposition as a sub-threshold irritant for the central nervous system].
[The effects of influence of electromagnetic irradiation of millimeter wavelength on background impulse activity of supraoptic nucleus' neurons of rats' hypothalamus].
Current problems of nonionizing radiation.
MOF-Derived Porous Co/C Nanocomposites with Excellent Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Properties.
Hierarchical neuronal modeling of cognitive functions: from synaptic transmission to the Tower of London.
Electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of amorphous carbon nanotubes.
[Electromagnetic radiation damage to the retina (author's transl)].
Prediction and measurement of the electromagnetic environment of high-power medium-wave and short-wave broadcast antennas in far field.
Hierarchical neuronal modeling of cognitive functions: from synaptic transmission to the Tower of London.
Out of time: a possible link between mirror neurons, autism and electromagnetic radiation.
About the biological effects of high and extremely high frequency electromagnetic fields.
Exact description of free electromagnetic wave fields in terms of rays.
[Health disorders caused by radiation].

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Nanometer-scale surface modification of epoxy with carbon black and electromagnetic waves.
The histologic effects of pulsed and continuous radiofrequency lesions at 42 degrees C to rat dorsal root ganglion and sciatic nerve.
[Effect of low intensity and ultra high frequency electromagnetic irradiation on memory functions].
[The enhanced lethality of cells in suspension during simultaneous exposure to pulsed electrical and shock-wave acoustic fields].
Food collection and response to pheromones in an ant species exposed to electromagnetic radiation.
Morphology-Control Synthesis of a Core-Shell Structured NiCu Alloy with Tunable Electromagnetic-Wave Absorption Capabilities.
[Degranulation of skin mast cells caused by high frequency electromagnetic irradiation of low intensity].
[The general patterns in the development of the ultrastructural reactions under the action of electromagnetic radiations].
Controlling Energy Radiations of Electromagnetic Waves via Frequency Coding Metamaterials.
Intensity statistics and the finesse of electromagnetic radiation in random structures.
Effects of the action of microwave-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the spike activity of neurons in the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus in rats.
[Immunosuppressive effect of the decimeter-band electromagnetic field].
A Route to Chaotic Behavior of Single Neuron Exposed to External Electromagnetic Radiation.
[Radiosensitivity of morphoenzymological structural elements of the jejunum mucous membrane in chronodynamics of the impact of electromagnetic fields impulses].
Radiofrequency neurolysis in a clinical model. Neuropathological correlation.
[Experimental research on the electromagnetic radiation immunity of a kind of portable monitor].
Possible physical substrates for the interaction of electromagnetic fields with biologic membranes.
Modifications in ventricular fibrillation and capture capacity induced by a linear radiofrequency lesion.
Evaluation of the maximum permissible level of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation at mobile connection frequency (1 GHz) by changes in motor activity of Spirostomum Ambiguum.

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Post-mortem histologic evaluation of microwave lesions after epicardial pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation.
Modulation of surface electromagnetic waves.
[Adaptive changes in the body upon exposure to electromagnetic radiation].
[Effect of impulse extrabroad-band electromagnetic radiation on electroencephalogram and sleep in laboratory animals].
[Influence of ultra-high electromagnetic irradiation on the electrophoretic mobility of erythrocytes].
Nanocomposite synthesis by absorption of nanoparticles into macroporous hydrogels. Building a chemomechanical actuator driven by electromagnetic radiation.
Spontaneous bodily rotations and direction of locomotion at different times after radio frequency lesions at sites in and near the substantia nigra.
Effect of lesion morphology on microwave signature in 2-D ultra-wideband breast imaging.
[The evaluation of the body response of experimental animals to exposure to the magnetic component of electromagnetic radiation for setting a hygiene standard].
Quantitative analysis of lesion parameters in radiofrequency trigeminal rhizotomy.
Features of electromagnetic radiation time-and-frequency fluctuation intensity distributions from human brain structures.
[The effects of space flight factors on the central nervous system. Structural-functional aspects of radio-modifying action].
[Dissipative functions of processes of electromagnetic radiation interaction with biological objects].
[Specific and non-specific electromagnetic irradiation effects on biological objects].
[Changes in gastric electric activity and serum catecholamine level under the influence of electromagnetic microwaves (experimental studies)].
[Features of control of electromagnetic radiation emitted by personal computers].
[Phenomenology and genesis of changes in the total bioelectrical activity of the brain in response to electromagnetic radiation].
Nano sulfur particles decorated bi-lamella composites for superior electromagnetic wave absorption.
Meridian is a three-dimensional network from bio-electromagnetic radiation interference: an interference hypothesis of meridian.

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Modulational instability of electromagnetic waves in birefringent fibers with periodic and random dispersion.
[Effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic radiation and ultra-violet radiation on aggregation of thymocytes and erythrocytes].
Numerical study of electromagnetic waves interacting with negative index materials.
[The structural dynamics of the afferent flow in the action on the receptor field of a low-intensity stimulant].
General description of electromagnetic radiation processes based on instantaneous charge acceleration in "endpoints".
[Behavior of the human skin under the influence of electromagnetic radiation in the visible and near infrared region (author's transl)].
Physical modalities other than stretch in spastic hypertonia.
[Ultrastructure of skeletal muscle tissue of microwave damaged chick embryos].
Response to pulsed and continuous radiofrequency lesioning of the dorsal root ganglion and segmental nerves in patients with chronic lumbar radicular pain.
The biological effectiveness of solar electromagnetic radiation in space.
[Myocardial damage after high tension electricity injury in rabbits].
Bacterial transformation using micro-shock waves.
[Effect of electromagnetic irradiation of the millimetric range on hemodynamics in patients with arterial hypertension].
The biological effects of solar activity.
Mode of action of Phoneutria nigriventer spider venom at the isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragm of the rat.
GSM 900 MHz radiation inhibits ants' association between food sites and encountered cues.
Extending human perception of electromagnetic radiation to the UV region through biologically inspired photochromic fuzzy logic (BIPFUL) systems.
[Ecological and hygienic studies of electromagnetic irradiation of navigation safety system in Eastern area of the Finnish Gulf].
Failure of chronic exposure to nonthermal FM radio waves to mutate Drosophila.
[Normal doses of visible light can cause mutations in skin].
Effect of cyclooxygenase blockade on blood flow through well-developed coronary collateral vessels.

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Long-wavelength red light emission from TV and photosensitive siezures.
The aversive effect of electromagnetic radiation on foraging bats: a possible means of discouraging bats from approaching wind turbines.
Bilateral symmetry of local inflammatory activation in human carotid atherosclerotic plaques.
Fourth Level Cluster 82 (529) Theme - Adverse effects of mobile phone radiation, especially oxidative stress

--Leaf Cluster 22 (127)
Theme - Effects of radiofrequency radiation, especially from mobile phones, on rats
Titles
Effects of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the oxidant and antioxidant status of rats.
Nanometer-scale elongation rate fluctuations in the Myriophyllum aquaticum (Parrot feather) stem were altered by radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
Nanometer-scale elongation rate fluctuations in the Myriophyllum aquaticum (Parrot feather) stem were altered by radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the mobile phone range on the behaviour of the rat.
Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats.
The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function.
Effects of folic acid on rat kidney exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic radiation.
[Experimental justification of possible mechanisms of action of low intensity electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on animals' behavior].
Modulation of mammalian immunity by electromagnetic radiation.
Recent reports of Wi-Fi and mobile phone-induced radiation on oxidative stress and reproductive signaling pathways in females and males.
The radioprotective effects of Moringa oleifera against mobile phone electromagnetic radiationinduced infertility in rats.
Protective Effects of Zinc on 2.45 GHz Electromagnetic Radiation-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in HEK293 Cells.
Long-term exposure to 4G smartphone radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation diminished male reproductive potential by directly disrupting Spock3-MMP2-BTB axis in the testes of adult rats.
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The effect of pulsed electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone on the levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in four different areas of rat brain.
Long-term exposure of 2450MHz electromagnetic radiation induces stress and anxiety like behavior in rats.
The impact of electromagnetic radiation (2.45 GHz, Wi-Fi) on the female reproductive system: The role of vitamin C.
Electromagnetic radiation influence on nonlinear charge and energy transport in biosystems.
900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C.
Probing the Origins of 1,800 MHz Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation Induced Damage in Mouse Immortalized Germ Cells and Spermatozoa in vitro.
Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature.
Neurobiological effects of microwave exposure: a review focused on morphological findings in experimental animals.
Impact of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the testicular inflammatory pathway biomarkers in young rats: The role of gallic acid.
Liver antioxidant stores protect the brain from electromagnetic radiation (900 and 1800 MHz)induced oxidative stress in rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on epidermal Merkel cells.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits.
Electromagnetic radiation 2450 MHz exposure causes cognition deficit with mitochondrial dysfunction and activation of intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in rats.
Protective effects of beta-glucan against oxidative injury induced by 2.45-GHz electromagnetic radiation in the skin tissue of rats.
[Possible modification of radiation injury using radio frequency electromagnetic radiation].
[Role of phospholipase A2 and epoxygenase in inhibition of respiration burst in neutrophils by low intensity radiation of extremely high frequency].
Effects of acute and chronic exposure to both 900 MHz and 2100 MHz electromagnetic radiation on glutamate receptor signaling pathway.
Behavior and memory evaluation of Wistar rats exposed to 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.

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[Biological effects of electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequencies combined with physiologically active compounds].
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation and cancer--is there a relationship?
Benefits and hazards of electromagnetic waves, telecommunication, physical and biomedical: a review.
[Suppression of nonspecific resistance of the body under the effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity].
The impact of exposure of diabetic rats to 900 MHz electromagnetic radiation emitted from mobile phone antenna on hepatic oxidative stress.
Analysis of emotionality and locomotion in radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation exposed rats.
[Effects of extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the immune system and systemic regulation of homeostasis].
Challenging cell phone impact on reproduction: a review.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation-induced behavioral changes and their possible basis.
Selenium reduces mobile phone (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, and apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
[Electromagnetic radiations from computer video terminals and their effect on health].
Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro.
[FEATURES OF MODIFYING EFFECT OF LOW-INTENSITY ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION OF NATURAL AND TECHNOGENIC ORIGIN ON VIABILITY AND FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF NEUTROPHILIC GRANULOCYTES].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular phone on human sperm motility: an in vitro study.
[Intracellular regeneration of adrenocorticocytes in response to the prophylactic application of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under the conditions of radiation (an experimental study)].
Electromagnetic radiation--parameters for risk assessment.
Effect of 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on novel object associative recognition memory in mice.
[Epidemiologic studies of the effect of microwaves (neurophysiologic, hematologic and ophthalmologic aspects)].

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[The activity of prooxidant-antioxidant system in loach embryos under the action of microwave radiation].
The effects of electromagnetic radiation (2450 MHz wireless devices) on the heart and blood tissue: role of melatonin.
Immune responses of a wall lizard to whole-body exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Features of anti-inflammatory effects of modulated extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagnetic waves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters in male rats.
Overproduction of free radical species in embryonal cells exposed to low intensity radiofrequency radiation.
Possible cause for altered spatial cognition of prepubescent rats exposed to chronic radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
Polarization: A Key Difference between Man-made and Natural Electromagnetic Fields, in regard to Biological Activity.
Exposure to acute electromagnetic radiation of mobile phone exposure range alters transiently skin homeostasis of a model of pigmented reconstructed epidermis.
Structural and ultrastructural study of rat liver influenced by electromagnetic radiation.
[Effects of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency on the animal body within the framework of total low-dose x-ray irradiation].
[Metabolic and ultrastructural adaptation mechanisms during the primary prophylactic action of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under normal and radiation conditions].
Exposure of tumor-bearing mice to extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation modifies the composition of fatty acids in thymocytes and tumor tissue.
The antioxidant effect of Green Tea Mega EGCG against electromagnetic radiation-induced oxidative stress in the hippocampus and striatum of rats.
The chronic effect of pulsed 1800 MHz electromagnetic radiation on amino acid neurotransmitters in three different areas of juvenile and young adult rat brain.
[Decrease in the intensity of the cellular immune response and nonspecific inflammation upon exposure to extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation].
Electromagnetic radiation at 900 MHz induces sperm apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 signaling pathways in rats.

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Model analysis of nonlinear modification of neutrophil calcium homeostasis under the influence of modulated electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequencies.
Hippocampal lipidome and transcriptome profile alterations triggered by acute exposure of mice to GSM 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation: An exploratory study.
[The specific features of the development of metabolic and regenerative processes under the action of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation in radiation exposure conditions (an experimental study)].
Impact of electromagnetic radiation emitted by monitors on changes in the cellular membrane structure and protective antioxidant effect of vitamin A - In vitro study.
Mobile Phone Radiation: Physiological & Pathophysiologcal Considerations.
Fatty Acid Content and Tumor Growth Changes in Mice After Exposure to Extremely HighFrequency Electromagnetic Radiation and Consumption of N-3 Fatty Acids.
Disordered redox metabolism of brain cells in rats exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation or UHF electromagnetic radiation.
[Modulated extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity activates or inhibits respiratory burst in neutrophils depending on modulation frequency].
The role of fatty acids in anti-inflammatory effects of low-intensity extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation.
[Effect of low intensity pulse-modulated electromagnetic radiation on activity of alkaline phosphatase in blood serum].
The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the rat brain: an experimental study.
[Protective action of electromagnetic radiation (40.68 MHz) on Saccharomyces cerevisiae UCM Y-517].
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation exposure effects on amygdala morphology, place preference behavior and brain caspase-3 activity in rats.
[Influence of electromagnetic fields on the emotional behaviour of rats].
Testicular apoptosis and histopathological changes induced by a 2.45 GHz electromagnetic field.
[The application of low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under immobilization stress conditions (an experimental study)].
Extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation enhances neutrophil response to particulate agonists.
Inhibition by Egb761 of the effect of cellphone radiation on the male reproductive system.

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Variations in amino acid neurotransmitters in some brain areas of adult and young male albino rats due to exposure to mobile phone radiation.
[Effect of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation on physiological features of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain UCM Y-517].
Variations of melatonin and stress hormones under extended shifts and radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.
[Effect of radiofrequency range electromagnetic radiation on chemoreceptor structure].
Effects of intensive cell phone (Philips Genic 900) use on the rat kidney tissue.
Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure of Wi-Fi on development of teeth and changes in teeth element concentration in rats. [corrected].
Changes in mitochondrial functioning with electromagnetic radiation of ultra high frequency as revealed by electron paramagnetic resonance methods.
Effect of electromagnetic waves on human reproduction.
Effects of short-duration electromagnetic radiation on early postnatal neurogenesis in rats: Fos and NADPH-d histochemical studies.
[The effect of electromagnetic radiation on the monoamine oxidase A activity in the rat brain].
[Changes in the immune status under the influence of high-frequency electromagnetic radiation].
The effect of low frequency electromagnetic radiation on the morphology of dental and periodontal tissues (experimental investigation).
Structural and ultrastructural study of rat testes influenced by electromagnetic radiation.
[The combined action of drinking mineral water and low-intensity electromagnetic radiation under the immobilization stress conditions (an experimental study)].
Effects of low-intensity ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic radiation on inflammatory processes.
[Effect of Low-Intensity 900 MHz Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Rat Brain Enzyme Activities Linked to Energy Metabolism].
Adverse cutaneous effects of ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation.
[The influence of electromagnetic radiation of industrial frequency on Daphnia magna (Straus)].
Effects of electromagnetic radiation from 3G mobile phone on heart rate, blood pressure and ECG parameters in rats.
[Mechanism of radiobiological effects of low intensity nonionizing electromagnetic radiation].

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Transdermal patches loaded with L-cysteine HCL as a strategy for protection from mobile phone emitting electromagnetic radiation hazards.
Effect of delta-rhythm-modulated extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation on rats.
[Effect of hypokinetic stress and low intensity electromagnetic field of extremely high frequency on changes of cytokine concentration in rat blood].
Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations, emitted by a cellular phone, modify cutaneous blood flow.
Low frequency electromagnetic waves increase human sperm motility - A pilot study revealing the potent effect of 43 kHz radiation.
Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation.
[Status quo of the researches on the biological effect of electromagnetic radiation on the testis and epididymal sperm].
[Effect of low intensity electromagnetic waves from cell phones on human health].
[Impact of cell phone radiation on male reproduction].
Mobile phones electromagnetic radiation and NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase as a mitochondrial marker in asthenozoospermia.
Electromagnetic radiation emitted from video computer terminals.
[Effect of low intensity and very high frequency electromagnetic radiation on occupationally exposed personnel].
[Effects of electromagnetic radiation in metropolis environment on teenagers' electrocardiogram and blood cells].
Influence of electromagnetic radiation produced by mobile phone on some biophysical blood properties in rats.
[Influence of light and electromagnetic radiation of Sun on circadian rhythms of the total antioxidant capacity of human saliva in the North].
[Radar radiation damages sperm quality].
[Influence of electromagnetic radiation on toxicity of Vipera lebetina obtusa venom].
[On prevention of a combined impact of electromagnetic radiation and climatic/weather factors on worker's organism].
Propagation of electromagnetic radiation in mitochondria?
The effect of low level radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on the excretion rates of stress hormones in operators during 24-hour shifts.

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[Physical factors and stress].
[Effect of weak electromagnetic radiation on learning in the grain beetle Tenebrio monitor].
[Disturbances of glucose tolerance in workers exposed to electromagnetic radiation].
--Leaf Cluster 26 (129)
Theme - Oxidative stress effects from mobile phone radiofrequency radiation
Titles
Ginkgo biloba prevents mobile phone-induced oxidative stress in rat brain.
Mobile phone radiation-induced free radical damage in the liver is inhibited by the antioxidants N-acetyl cysteine and epigallocatechin-gallate.
The link between radiofrequencies emitted from wireless technologies and oxidative stress.
The protective effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on electric fieldinduced hepatic oxidative stress.
Modulation of wireless (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative toxicity in laryngotracheal mucosa of rat by melatonin.
Effect of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on oxidative stress in rat brain and serum.
The protective effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on oxidative stress in rat liver exposed to the 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Exposure to radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress in duckweed Lemna minor L.
The prophylactic effect of vitamin C on oxidative stress indexes in rat eyes following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
Vitamin C protects rat cerebellum and encephalon from oxidative stress following exposure to radiofrequency wave generated by a BTS antenna model.
Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation Use on Oxidant/Antioxidant Status and DNA Turn-over Enzyme Activities in Erythrocytes and Heart, Kidney, Liver, and Ovary Tissues From Rats: Possible Protective Role of Vitamin C.
Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring.
Oxidative stress and prevention of the adaptive response to chronic iron overload in the brain of young adult rats exposed to a 150 kilohertz electromagnetic field.
Effect of 900-, 1800-, and 2100-MHz radiofrequency radiation on DNA and oxidative stress in brain.

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Melatonin reduces oxidative stress induced by chronic exposure of microwave radiation from mobile phones in rat brain.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced oxidative stress in the HEK293 cells.
Therapeutic approaches of melatonin in microwave radiations-induced oxidative stress-mediated toxicity on male fertility pattern of Wistar rats.
Effects of mobile phones on oxidant/antioxidant balance in cornea and lens of rats.
Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes.
Exposure to static magnetic field of pregnant rats induces hepatic GSH elevation but not oxidative DNA damage in liver and kidney.
Effects of 837 and 1950 MHz radiofrequency radiation exposure alone or combined on oxidative stress in MCF10A cells.
Oxidative stress effects on the central nervous system of rats after acute exposure to ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields.
A cross-sectional study on oxidative stress in workers exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields.
Effects of melatonin on Wi-Fi-induced oxidative stress in lens of rats.
The effect of melatonin on the liver of rats exposed to microwave radiation.
Oxidative stress-mediated alterations on sperm parameters in male Wistar rats exposed to 3G mobile phone radiation.
Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)- and mobile phone (900 and 1800 MHz)-induced risks on oxidative stress and elements in kidney and testis of rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring.
Effects of Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Field on Oxidative Stress in Selected Structures of the Central Nervous System.
Effect of low level microwave radiation exposure on cognitive function and oxidative stress in rats.
900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues.
Exposure to mobile phone (900-1800 MHz) during pregnancy: tissue oxidative stress after childbirth.
The Effects of Melatonin on Oxidative Stress Parameters and DNA Fragmentation in Testicular Tissue of Rats Exposed to Microwave Radiation.

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Exposure to cell phone induce oxidative stress in mice preantral follicles during in vitro cultivation: An experimental study.
[Effect of American Ginseng Capsule on the liver oxidative injury and the Nrf2 protein expression in rats exposed by electromagnetic radiation of frequency of cell phone].
Effects of acute electromagnetic field exposure and movement restraint on antioxidant system in liver, heart, kidney and plasma of Wistar rats: a preliminary report.
Effect of mobile phone exposure on apoptotic glial cells and status of oxidative stress in rat brain.
Effects of third generation mobile phone-emitted electromagnetic radiation on oxidative stress parameters in eye tissue and blood of rats.
Pathological Findings Observed in the Kidneys of Postnatal Male Rats Exposed to the 2100 MHz Electromagnetic Field.
Effects of exposure to 50 Hz electric field at different strengths on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in the brain tissue of guinea pigs.
Melatonin modulates 900 Mhz microwave-induced lipid peroxidation changes in rat brain.
Biochemical modifications and neuronal damage in brain of young and adult rats after long-term exposure to mobile phone radiations.
The preventive effect of lotus seedpod procyanidins on cognitive impairment and oxidative damage induced by extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure.
900-MHz microwave radiation promotes oxidation in rat brain.
Influence of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field on antioxidative melatonin properties in AT478 murine squamous cell carcinoma culture.
2.45 GHz microwave irradiation-induced oxidative stress affects implantation or pregnancy in mice, Mus musculus.
In vitro free radical scavenging activities and effect of synthetic oligosaccharides on antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in aged mice.
The physiopathological effects of quercetin on oxidative stress in radiation of 4.5 g mobile phone exposed liver tissue of rat.
Assessment of oxidant/antioxidant status in saliva of cell phone users.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.
Chronic exposure to 50Hz magnetic fields causes a significant weakening of antioxidant defence systems in aged rat brain.

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Effects of static magnetic field and cadmium on oxidative stress and DNA damage in rat cortex brain and hippocampus.
Melatonin protects rat thymus against oxidative stress caused by exposure to microwaves and modulates proliferation/apoptosis of thymocytes.
Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation.
The effects of N-acetylcysteine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on liver tissue protein oxidation and antioxidant enzyme levels after the exposure to radiofrequency radiation.
Oxidative stress-mediated skin damage in an experimental mobile phone model can be prevented by melatonin.
Long term exposure to cell phone frequencies (900 and 1800 MHz) induces apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress and TRPV1 channel activation in the hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Impacts of exposure to 900 MHz mobile phone radiation on liver function in rats.
Static magnetic field affects oxidative stress in mouse cochlea.
Effects of cell phone radiation on lipid peroxidation, glutathione and nitric oxide levels in mouse brain during epileptic seizure.
The effect of electromagnetic radiation emitted by display screens on cell oxygen metabolism in vitro studies.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation produced by 3G mobile phones on rat brains: magnetic resonance spectroscopy, biochemical, and histopathological evaluation.
Role of Mitochondria in the Oxidative Stress Induced by Electromagnetic Fields: Focus on Reproductive Systems.
Effect of selenium pre-treatment on plasma antioxidant vitamins A (retinol) and E (alphatocopherol) in static magnetic field-exposed rats.
Effect of cell phone use on salivary total protein, enzymes and oxidative stress markers in young adults: a pilot study.
Radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) causes impaired insulin secretion and increased oxidative stress in rat pancreatic islets.
[Corrective effects of electromagnetic radiation in a millimeter wavelength range on the parameters of oxidative stress after standard anti-helicobacterial therapy in patients with ulcer disease].
Oxidative effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field and radio frequency radiation on testes tissues of diabetic and healthy rats.

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Investigation of the effects of distance from sources on apoptosis, oxidative stress and cytosolic calcium accumulation via TRPV1 channels induced by mobile phones and Wi-Fi in breast cancer cells.
Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation from cell phone causes defective testicular function in male Wistar rats.
Effect of 950 MHz UHF electromagnetic radiation on biomarkers of oxidative damage, metabolism of UFA and antioxidants in the livers of young rats of different ages.
The influence of microwave radiation from cellular phone on fetal rat brain.
Effects of chronic exposure to 950 MHz ultra-high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on reactive oxygen species metabolism in the right and left cerebral cortex of young rats of different ages.
Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic wave exposure from cellular phones on the reproductive pattern in male Wistar rats.
Radiations and male fertility.
Electromagnetic radiation (Wi-Fi) and epilepsy induce calcium entry and apoptosis through activation of TRPV1 channel in hippocampus and dorsal root ganglion of rats.
Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.
[Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) and the level of malonyldialdehyde (MDA)--in vitro study].
[Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field and its combination with lead on the antioxidant system in mouse].
Mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity.
[Interference of vitamin E on the brain tissue damage by electromagnetic radiation of cell phone in pregnant and fetal rats].
Evaluation of genotoxic effects in male Wistar rats following microwave exposure.
1800 MHz mobile phone irradiation induced oxidative and nitrosative stress leads to p53 dependent Bax mediated testicular apoptosis in mice, Mus musculus.
The 2100MHz radiofrequency radiation of a 3G-mobile phone and the DNA oxidative damage in brain.
[On the mechanism of cytogenetic effect of electromagnetic radiation: a role of oxidation homeostasis].

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Neuroprotective effects of dietary supplement Kang-fu-ling against high-power microwave through antioxidant action.
Effect of extremely low frequency magnetic field on antioxidant activity in plasma and red blood cells in spot welders.
Antioxidants alleviate electric field-induced effects on lung tissue based on assays of heme oxygenase-1, protein carbonyl content, malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, and hydroxyproline.
Cell phone electromagnetic field radiations affect rhizogenesis through impairment of biochemical processes.
GSM base station electromagnetic radiation and oxidative stress in rats.
The Effects of Cell Phone Waves (900 MHz-GSM Band) on Sperm Parameters and Total Antioxidant Capacity in Rats.
Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field reduces oxidative stress during the rehabilitation of post-acute stroke patients.
Evaluation of selected biochemical parameters in the saliva of young males using mobile phones.
Protein oxidation under extremely low frequency electric field in guinea pigs. Effect of N-acetylL-cysteine treatment.
Selenium supplementation ameliorates static magnetic field-induced disorders in antioxidant status in rat tissues.
In vitro effects of 50 Hz magnetic fields on oxidatively damaged rabbit red blood cells.
[Protective effect of Liuweidihuang Pills against cellphone electromagnetic radiation-induced histomorphological abnormality, oxidative injury, and cell apoptosis in rat testes].
The impact of electromagnetic radiation of different parameters on platelet oxygen metabolism in vitro studies.
Melatonin attenuates radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz)-induced oxidative stress, DNA damage and cell cycle arrest in germ cells of male Swiss albino mice.
The effect of 50 hz magnetic field of different shape on oxygen metabolism in blood platelets: in vitro studies.
[Protective effect of melatonin and vitamin E against prooxidative action of iron ions and static magnetic field].
The role of zinc supplementation in the inhibition of tissue damage caused by exposure to electromagnetic field in rat lung and liver tissues.
The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on hepatic oxidative DNA and lipid damage in nonpregnant, pregnant, and newly born rabbits.

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Effect of rosmarinic acid on sertoli cells apoptosis and serum antioxidant levels in rats after exposure to electromagnetic fields.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation exposure on bone mineral density, thyroid, and oxidative stress index in electrical workers.
[Electromagnetic radiation of the terahertz range at the nitric oxide frequency in correction and prophylaxis of functional activity disorders in thrombocytes of white rats under long-term stress].
Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health.
The influence of 1800 MHz GSM-like signals on blood chemistry and oxidative stress in nonpregnant and pregnant rabbits.
[Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1)--in vitro researches].
[Effects of nano-selenium on cognition performance of mice exposed in 1800 MHz radiofrequency fields].
Mobile phone usage and male infertility in Wistar rats.
Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields.
[Use of terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies for the correction of thyroid functional state during stress].
Correction of microcirculatory disturbances with terahertz electromagnetic radiation at nitric oxide frequencies in albino rats under conditions of acute stress.
The effect of Wi-Fi electromagnetic waves on neuronal response properties in rat barrel cortex.
Electromagnetic wave emitting products and "Kikoh" potentiate human leukocyte functions.
[Influence of 900 MHz frequency electromagnetic radiation on some blood indices].
Effects of electromagnetic waves emitted from 3G+wi-fi modems on human semen analysis.
Reactive oxygen species elevation and recovery in Drosophila bodies and ovaries following short-term and long-term exposure to DECT base EMF.
[PARAMETERS OF SPERMATOGENESIS IN MEN EXPOSED TO DIFFICULT ENVIRONMENTS].
Metal, EMF, and brain energy metabolism.
[Changes in the functional state of rat liver and kidney mitochondria under the effect of electromagnetic fields].
[Effect of low-intensity 900 MHz frequency electromagnetic radiation on rat liver and blood serum enzyme activities].
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Ultra-wideband pulses increase nitric oxide production by RAW 264.7 macrophages incubated in nitrate.
[Some regularities of morphological changes in liver tissue exposed to electricity].
Microwave effects on immobilized peroxidase chemiluminescence.
Sympathetic Resonance Technology: scientific foundation and summary of biologic and clinical studies.
Examination of electric field effects on tissues by using back propagation neural network.
A novel method to estimate changes in stress-induced salivary alpha-amylase using heart rate variability and respiratory rate, as measured in a non-contact manner using a single radar attached to the back of a chair.
Effects of new Phoneutria spider toxins on glutamate release and [Ca2+]i in rat cortical synaptosomes.
--Leaf Cluster 37 (140)
Theme - Effect of radiofrequency exposure, especially prenatal exposure, on rats
Titles
Maternal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field provokes neuronal loss and pathological changes in cerebellum of 32-day-old female rat offspring.
The effects of prenatal exposure to a 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat heart.
The effects of exposure to electromagnetic field on rat myocardium.
900 MHz electromagnetic field exposure affects qualitative and quantitative features of hippocampal pyramidal cells in the adult female rat.
The effect of prenatal exposure to 1800 MHz electromagnetic field on calcineurin and bone development in rats.
Exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field for 1 hour a day over 30 days does change the histopathology and biochemistry of the rat testis.
Effects of a unique electromagnetic field system on the fertility of rats.
Protective effects of luteolin on rat testis following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Evaluation of testicular degeneration induced by low-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Maternal mobile phone exposure alters intrinsic electrophysiological properties of CA1 pyramidal neurons in rat offspring.

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RN Kostoff

Electromagnetic fields promote severe and unique vascular calcification in an animal model of ectopic calcification.
Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field (1.8/0.9 GHz) on testicular function and structure in growing rats.
The effects of prenatal long-duration exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-dayold newborn male rat liver.
Common behaviors alterations after extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure in rat animal model.
Pathological effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-day-old male rat kidney.
Deleterious impacts of a 900-MHz electromagnetic field on hippocampal pyramidal neurons of 8-week-old Sprague Dawley male rats.
Pernicious effects of long-term, continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field throughout adolescence on hippocampus morphology, biochemistry and pyramidal neuron numbers in 60day-old Sprague Dawley male rats.
The effect of exposure of rats during prenatal period to radiation spreading from mobile phones on renal development.
Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (100muT) on behaviors in rats.
Biological and morphological effects on the reproductive organ of rats after exposure to electromagnetic field.
An evaluation of the effects of long-term cell phone use on the testes via light and electron microscope analysis.
Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic fields exposure throughout middle/late adolescence on the kidney morphology and biochemistry of the female rat.
Effects of electromagnetic field (1.8/0.9 GHz) exposure on growth plate in growing rats.
Effects of low-intensity electromagnetic fields on behavioral activity of rats.
Anxiety-like behavioural effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field in rats.
Biochemical and pathological changes in the male rat kidney and bladder following exposure to continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field on postnatal days 22-59.
The effects of an electromagnetic field on the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubules of the rat: A light and transmission electron microscope study.
The effect of prenatal exposure to 900-MHz electromagnetic field on the 21-old-day rat testicle.
Testicular development evaluation in rats exposed to 60 Hz and 1 mT electromagnetic field.

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RN Kostoff

Effect of electromagnetic irradiation produced by 3G mobile phone on male rat reproductive system in a simulated scenario.
Lasting hepatotoxic effects of prenatal mobile phone exposure.
Nonthermal effects of lifelong high-frequency electromagnetic field exposure on social memory performance in rats.
Effects of prenatal 900 MHz electromagnetic field exposures on the histology of rat kidney.
Neuroprotective effects of melatonin and omega-3 on hippocampal cells prenatally exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields.
Microwave exposure affecting reproductive system in male rats.
Morphological and antioxidant impairments in the spinal cord of male offspring rats following exposure to a continuous 900MHz electromagnetic field during early and mid-adolescence.
Whole-body microwave exposure emitted by cellular phones and testicular function of rats.
Purkinje cell number decreases in the adult female rat cerebellum following exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic field.
Effect of electromagnetic waves from mobile phone on immune status of male rats: possible protective role of vitamin D.
Changes in antioxidant capacity of blood due to mutual action of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) and opioid drug (tramadol) in animal model of persistent inflammatory state.
Evaluation of hormonal change, biochemical parameters, and histopathological status of uterus in rats exposed to 50-Hz electromagnetic field.
Stress-related endocrinological and psychopathological effects of short- and long-term 50Hz electromagnetic field exposure in rats.
Impact of microwave at X-band in the aetiology of male infertility.
The effect on rat thymocytes of the simultaneous in vivo exposure to 50-Hz electric and magnetic field and to continuous light.
Effects on rat testis of 1.95-GHz W-CDMA for IMT-2000 cellular phones.
Disruption of the ovarian follicle reservoir of prepubertal rats following prenatal exposure to a continuous 900-MHz electromagnetic field.
Influence of electromagnetic field (1800 MHz) on lipid peroxidation in brain, blood, liver and kidney in rats.
[Effect of Guilingji Capsule on the fertility, liver functions, and serum LDH of male SD rats exposed by 900 mhz cell phone].

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RN Kostoff

Zinc supplementation ameliorates electromagnetic field-induced lipid peroxidation in the rat brain.
A histopathological and biochemical evaluation of oxidative injury in the sciatic nerves of male rats exposed to a continuous 900-megahertz electromagnetic field throughout all periods of adolescence.
Effects of short-term exposure to powerline-frequency electromagnetic field on the electrical activity of the heart.
Altered operant behavior of adult rats after perinatal exposure to a 60-Hz electromagnetic field.
[Autoimmune processes after long-term low-level exposure to electromagnetic fields (the results of an experiment). Part 5. Impact of the blood serum from rats exposed to low-level electromagnetic fields on pregnancy, foetus and offspring development of intact female rats].
The effects of long-term exposure to a 2450 MHz electromagnetic field on growth and pubertal development in female Wistar rats.
Effects of mobile phone radiation on serum testosterone in Wistar albino rats.
Effects of exposure to 2100MHz GSM-like radiofrequency electromagnetic field on auditory system of rats.
Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring.
[Female genital toxicities of high-frequency electromagnetic field on rats].
Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field from mobile phone on serum hepcidin and iron status in male albino rats.
[State of the reproductive systemin in male rats of 1st generation obtained from irradiated parents and exposed to electromagnetic radiation (897 MHz) during embryogenesis and postnatal development].
The effects of microwave emitted by cellular phones on ovarian follicles in rats.
Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field on the dentate gyrus of rats: a stereological and histopathological study.
Effect of Modified Wuzi Yanzong Pill () on Tip60-Mediated Apoptosis in Testis of Male Rats after Microwave Radiation.
Influence of electromagnetic fields on reproductive system of male rats.
Effect of 910-MHz electromagnetic field on rat bone marrow.
Effects of electromagnetic radiation exposure on stress-related behaviors and stress hormones in male wistar rats.

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RN Kostoff

Chronic prenatal exposure to the 900 megahertz electromagnetic field induces pyramidal cell loss in the hippocampus of newborn rats.
Effect of short duration electromagnetic field exposures on rat mass.
Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation.
[The delayed effects of modulated and non-modulated electromagnetic field on epileptiformic activity in rats].
Effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field on brain histopathology of Caspian Sea Cyprinus carpio.
Effects of chronic exposure to electromagnetic waves on the auditory system.
Influence of a 60 Hz, 3 microT, electromagnetic field on the somatic maturation of wistar rat offspring fed a regional basic diet during pregnancy.
The effect of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on skin and thyroid amine- and peptide-containing cells in rats: an immunohistochemical and morphometrical study.
Effects of the electromagnetic field, 60 Hz, 3 microT, on the hormonal and metabolic regulation of undernourished pregnant rats.
[Early and Delayed Effects of Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on the Reproductive Function and Functional Status of the Offspring of Experimental Animals].
The effects of electromagnetic waves emitted by the cell phones on the testicular tissue.
2.1 GHz electromagnetic field does not change contractility and intracellular Ca2+ transients but decreases beta-adrenergic responsiveness through nitric oxide signaling in rat ventricular myocytes.
The influence of electromagnetic radiation generated by a mobile phone on the skeletal system of rats.
Inhibitory effects of low doses of melatonin on induction of preneoplastic liver lesions in a medium-term liver bioassay in F344 rats: relation to the influence of electromagnetic near field exposure.
Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats.
[The physiological mechanisms of the regulation of zoosocial behavior in rats exposed to lowfrequency electromagnetic fields].
The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field.
Postnatal development and behavior effects of in-utero exposure of rats to radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional WiFi devices.
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RN Kostoff

Effects of prenatal exposure to WIFI signal (2.45GHz) on postnatal development and behavior in rat: Influence of maternal restraint.
Effect of Electromagnetic Waves from Mobile Phones on Spermatogenesis in the Era of 4GLTE.
Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic waves alters acetylcholinesterase gene expression, exploratory and motor coordination-linked behaviour in male rats.
Post-continuous whole body exposure of rabbits to 650 MHz electromagnetic fields: effects on liver, spleen, and brain.
Effect of low-intensity extremely high frequency radiation on reproductive function in wistar rats.
[The neurotropic effects of low-intensity electromagnetic waves in rats with different typological characteristics of higher nervous activity].
[The progeny of male rats subjected to chronic exposure to a permanent magnetic field].
The influence of electric field exposure on bone growth and fracture repair in rats.
Effects of pulsed and sinusoidal electromagnetic fields on MMP-2, MMP-9, collagen type IV and E-cadherin expression levels in the rat kidney: an immunohistochemical study.
[Study on effects of bioelectric parameters of rats in electromagnetic radiation of HV transmission line].
Effect of chronic exposure to cellular telephone electromagnetic fields on hearing in rats.
[Bioeffects of chronic exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields of low intensity (standardization strategy)].
[cts of prenatal exposure of 850-1900MHz mobile phone on the expression of PCNA and DCX in dentate gyrus of offspring rats].
Short-Term Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields Generated by Mobile Phone Jammers Decreases the Fasting Blood Sugar in Adult Male Rats.
Learning ability of young rats is unaffected by repeated exposure to a static electromagnetic field in early life.
Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field radiation (EMFR) generated by activated mobile phones on fasting blood glucose.
Histological characteristics of cutaneous and thyroid mast cell populations in male rats exposed to power-frequency electromagnetic fields.
Neural and behavioral teratological evaluation of rats exposed to ultra-wideband electromagnetic fields.

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RN Kostoff

Effect of 50-Hz electromagnetic field on the retention of toxic radionuclides in rat tissues.
Influence of electromagnetic fields on bone mass and growth in developing rats: a morphometric, densitometric, and histomorphometric study.
[Cellphone electromagnetic radiation damages the testicular ultrastructure of male rats].
Effect of the pulsed electromagnetic field on the release of inflammatory mediators from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in rats.
Prevention of mobile phone induced skin tissue changes by melatonin in rat: an experimental study.
[The effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure on the pH of the adult male semen and the motoricity parameters of spermatozoa in vitro].
Congenital anomalies in the offspring of rats after exposure of the testis to an electrostatic field.
Effect of a 1800 MHz electromagnetic field emitted during embryogenesis on chick development and hatchability.
[Systemic effects of the interaction of an organism and microwaves].
Prenatal exposure to non-ionizing radiation: effects of WiFi signals on pregnancy outcome, peripheral B-cell compartment and antibody production.
[Morphological structure of rat epiphysis exposed to electromagnetic radiation from communication devices].
The effects of microwave frequency electromagnetic fields on the development of Drosophila melanogaster.
Effects of low level electromagnetic field exposure at 2.45 GHz on rat cornea.
[Reaction of Reproductive System and Epididymal Spermatozoa .of Rats to Electromagnetic Radiation from Mobile Phone (1745 MHz) of Various Duration].
Excretion and tissue distribution of selenium following treatment of male F344 rats with benzylselenocyanate or sodium selenite.
[Immunomorphologic changes in the testes upon exposure to a microwave electromagnetic field].
Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on electrocardiograms of guinea pigs.
Effect of whole-body exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic field on the brain electrogeny in neurodefective and healthy mice.
Effect of Electromagnetic Wave on Bone Healing in Fixed and Unfixed Conditions.

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RN Kostoff

Some immunological responses of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerling to acute extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (50 Hz).
Effects of 60 Hz electromagnetic fields on early growth in three plant species and a replication of previous results.
Influence of 400, 900, and 1900 MHz electromagnetic fields on Lemna minor growth and peroxidase activity.
[Effect of fluctuating electromagnetic fields on the processes of growth and blastomogenesis].
Effects of broad band electromagnetic fields on HSP70 expression and ischemia-reperfusion in rat hearts.
[The effect of electromagnetic radiation in the millimeter range on the development of disorders in the liver induced by ether anesthesia (experimental research)].
Cell Phone Radiation Effect on Bone-to-Implant Osseointegration: A Preliminary Histologic Evaluation in Rabbits.
The Effects of Electromagnetic Fields Generated from 1800 MHz Cell Phones on Erythrocyte Rheological Parameters and Zinc Level in Rats.
[The biological activity of a decameter-range electromagnetic field with a frequency of 24 MHz].
[Effect of discontinuous short-wave electromagnetic field irradiation on the state of the endocrine glands].
Effects of microwaves (950 MHZ mobile phone) on morphometric and apoptotic changes of rabbit epididymis.
Effect of high frequency electromagnetic wave stimulation on muscle injury in a rat model.
[Respondence to electricity in the muscles of rat's jaw].
Hematological and toxicogenomic effects of ferromagnetic screening of natural electromagnetic fields.
The effects of 910-MHz electromagnetic field on rat cranial arachnoid and dura mater collagen. The axial periodicity of collagen fibrils.
Effect of electromagnetic radiation modulated by biostructures on the course of alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus in rats.
[The interaction of changes in the genitalia in the pathogenesis of sterility in men].
[Evaluation of magnesium, zinc, copper and calcium levels in workers exposed to organic solvents, hydrogen cyanide and harmful physical factors].
Induction of macrophage migration inhibitory factor precedes the onset of acute tonsillitis.
--Leaf Cluster 38 (133)
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Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History

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RN Kostoff

Theme - Effect of radiofrequency radiation on rat brain
Titles
Effects of early-onset radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure (GSM 900 MHz) on behavior and memory in rats.
Mobile phone radiation and the developing brain: behavioral and morphological effects in juvenile rats.
GFAP expression in the rat brain following sub-chronic exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic field signal.
Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.
Effect of a chronic GSM 900 MHz exposure on glia in the rat brain.
Effect of mobile telephony on blood-brain barrier permeability in the fetal mouse brain.
Biochemical and histological studies on adverse effects of mobile phone radiation on rat's brain.
Blood-brain barrier and electromagnetic fields: effects of scopolamine methylbromide on working memory after whole-body exposure to 2.45 GHz microwaves in rats.
Effects of GSM modulated radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation on permeability of bloodbrain barrier in male & female rats.
Effect of 900 MHz radio frequency radiation on beta amyloid protein, protein carbonyl, and malondialdehyde in the brain.
Histopathological examinations of rat brains after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation.
Effects of GSM and UMTS mobile telephony signals on neuron degeneration and blood-brain barrier permeation in the rat brain.
Cognitive impairment in rats after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation.
Genotoxic potential of 1.6 GHz wireless communication signal: in vivo two-year bioassay.
One-year, simultaneous combined exposure of CDMA and WCDMA radiofrequency electromagnetic fields to rats.
A confirmation study of Russian and Ukrainian data on effects of 2450 MHz microwave exposure on immunological processes and teratology in rats.
Long term and excessive use of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation alter microRNA expression in brain.
Radio frequency radiation effects on protein kinase C activity in rats' brain.

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Largest Unethical Medical Experiment in Human History

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RN Kostoff

Confirmation studies of Soviet research on immunological effects of microwaves: Russian immunology results.
Long-term effects of 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from mobile phone on testicular tissue and epididymal semen quality.
Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.
Biological and morphological effects on the brain after exposure of rats to a 1439 MHz TDMA field.
Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8GHz GSM base station environment