Stp55 88m14 Sm Tg_ TM 551

User Manual: TM 551

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STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
Soldier's Manual and Trainer's Guide
88M, Motor Transport Operator
Skill Levels 1, 2, 3, and 4
OCTOBER 2004
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
This publication is available at
Army Knowledge Online
www.us.army.mil
*STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release, distribution is unlim ited.
*This publication supersedes STP 55-88M12-SM, 23 Decem ber 1993 and STP 55-88M34-SM-TG,
23 December 1993
i
SOLDIER TRAINING PUBLICATION HEADQUARTERS
No. 55-88M14-SM-TG DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
W ashington, D.C., 6 October 2004m
SOLDIER'S MANUAL AND TRAINER'S GUIDE
MOS 88M
Soldier's Manual and Trainer's Guide
88M, Motor Transport Operator,
Skill Levels 1, 2, 3, and 4
CONTENTS
PAGE
Preface.......................................................................................................................................................v
Chapter 1. Introduction ...........................................................................................................................1-1
1-1. General .......................................................................................................................... 1-1
1-2. Army Training System ................................................................................................... 1-1
1-3. Soldiers Responsibilities............................................................................................... 1-2
1-4. NCO Self-Development and the Soldiers Manual........................................................ 1-3
1-5. Training Support ............................................................................................................ 1-3
1-6. Task Summaries ............................................................................................................ 1-3
Chapter 2. Trainer's Guide......................................................................................................................2-1
2-1. General .......................................................................................................................... 2-1
2-2. Subject Area Codes ....................................................................................................... 2-2
2-3. Duty Position Training Requirements ............................................................................ 2-3
2-4. Critical Tasks List........................................................................................................... 2-5
Chapter 3. MOS/Skill Level Tasks..........................................................................................................3-1
Skill Level 1
Subject Area 1: Accident Forms
551-721-1388 Complete DD Form 518 and SF 91 ......................................................................... 3-1
Subject Area 3: Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
551-721-1352 Perform Preventive Maintenance Checks ............................................................... 3-3
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
ii
PAGE
Subject Area 4: Motor Vehicle Operations
551-721-1314 Perform Coupling Operations .................................................................................. 3-7
551-721-1359 Operate Vehicle in a Convoy ................................................................................. 3-11
551-721-1364 Operate Vehicle With Standard or Automatic/Semiautomatic Transmission........ 3-13
551-721-1367 Back Vehicle With Semitrailer................................................................................ 3-16
551-721-1384 Perform as Wheeled Vehicle Ground Guide Day or Night .................................... 3-18
551-721-1500 Operate Palletized Load System ........................................................................... 3-29
551-721-1600 Operate the Movement Tracking System (MTS) ................................................... 3-31
551-721-1650 Operate the Driver's Vision Enhancer (DVE)......................................................... 3-46
Subject Area 5: Transport Cargo and Personnel
551-721-1386 Load and Unload Passengers for Transport in a Truck ......................................... 3-51
551-721-1411 Perform Tiedown Procedures ................................................................................ 3-53
551-721-1501 Perform Load/Unload Operations With Truck Palletized Load System (PLS)
in Automatic Mode................................................................................................ 3-62
551-721-1503 Transfer Flatrack Onto/From Palletized Load System (PLS) Trailer Using the
Load Handling System (LHS) ............................................................................... 3-64
551-721-1504 Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations in Manual Mode ..................................... 3-67
551-721-1505 Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations Using Container Handling Unit
(CHU).................................................................................................................... 3-72
551-721-1507 Conduct Container Roll-In/Roll-Out Platform (CROP) Load/Unload
Operations ............................................................................................................ 3-74
Subject Area 6: Adverse Terrain Operations
551-721-1360 Operate Cargo Vehicle on Secondary Roads/Trails/Cross-country ...................... 3-75
551-721-1368 Operate Vehicle With Semitrailer on Secondary Roads/Trails/Cross-country....... 3-77
Subject Area 7: Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
551-721-1361 Operate Vehicle Under Adverse Conditions .......................................................... 3-79
551-721-1363 Operate Vehicle With or Without Trailer/Semitrailer Under Blackout
Conditions............................................................................................................. 3-84
551-721-1410 Read Strip Maps .................................................................................................... 3-86
Skill Level 2
Subject Area 2: Dispatcher Duties
551-721-2371 Perform Dispatcher Duties ..................................................................................... 3-89
Subject Area 3: Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
551-721-2393 Remove and Replace a Tire on a Wheeled Vehicle and Trailer............................ 3-93
Subject Area 4: Motor Vehicle Operations
551-721-2300 Operate the M1070/M1000 Semitrailer Combination With Disabled Bogie........... 3-97
551-721-2301 Operate the Gas Particulate Filter Unit (GPFU) on the M1070 Tractor................. 3-98
551-721-2302 Operate the APU on the M1000 Semitrailer .......................................................... 3-99
551-721-2303 Adjust the Gooseneck on the M1000 Semitrailer ................................................ 3-101
551-721-2304 Adjust the Platform Height on the M1000 Semitrailer.......................................... 3-102
551-721-2305 Operate the Loading Ramps on the M1000 Semitrailer ...................................... 3-103
551-721-2306 Manually Steer the M1000 Semitrailer................................................................. 3-104
551-721-2355 Prepare Vehicle for Inclement Weather Operation .............................................. 3-105
551-721-2385 Perform Coupling Operations With a Pintle-Connected Trailer ........................... 3-107
551-721-2407 Operate Vehicle-Mounted Crane ......................................................................... 3-116
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
iii
PAGE
Subject Area 5: Transport Cargo and Personnel
551-721-2100 Conduct Refueling Operations Using Tactical Refueling Vehicles ...................... 3-118
551-721-2374 Assist in Loading/Unloading a Tracked/Wheeled Vehicle Onto/From
Semitrailer........................................................................................................... 3-128
551-721-2376 Assist in Loading/Unloading a Tracked/Wheeled Vehicle Onto/From a Heavy
Equipment Transporter (HET) ............................................................................ 3-132
551-721-2379 Transport Classified/Sensitive Cargo................................................................... 3-134
551-721-2381 Assist in Ammunition Loading/Unloading Operations on a Transporter .............. 3-136
551-721-2383 Transport Dangerous Cargo on a Transporter .................................................... 3-139
Subject Area 6: Adverse Terrain Operations
551-721-2389 Self-Recover a Wheeled Vehicle ......................................................................... 3-144
Subject Area 7: Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
551-721-2357 Prepare Vehicle for Tactical Operations .............................................................. 3-150
551-721-2408 Implement Defensive Procedures When Under Attack/Ambush in a Truck
Convoy................................................................................................................ 3-152
551-721-2410 Operate Vehicle in a Contaminated Area ............................................................ 3-154
551-721-2415 Operate Night Vision Devices .............................................................................. 3-156
Skill Level 3
Subject Area 8: Duties of the Squad Leader/Section Sergeant
551-721-3335 Supervise Driver Training Program...................................................................... 3-164
551-721-3338 Supervise Personnel Performing Vehicle Recovery ............................................ 3-171
551-721-3340 Supervise Operation of Vehicle-mounted Crane ................................................. 3-174
551-721-3341 Supervise Personnel Loading/Unloading Equipment/Cargo Onto/From
Vehicle and Semitrailer....................................................................................... 3-177
551-721-3347 Supervise Preparation of Vehicle for Movement or Shipment............................. 3-184
551-721-3353 Review Vehicle Accident Reports ........................................................................ 3-188
Subject Area 9: Motor Pool Operations
551-721-3334 Supervise Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services .................................. 3-190
Subject Area 10: Convoy Operations
551-721-3336 Enforce Driver Safety Rules and Techniques...................................................... 3-193
551-721-3348 Perform Duties as Serial/March Unit Commander............................................... 3-196
551-721-3355 Instruct the Use of Maps in Motor Transport Operations..................................... 3-199
551-721-3600 Operate the Movement Tracking System (MTS) Control Station ........................ 3-209
Subject Area 11: Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) Operation
551-721-3337 Drive A Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) on Improved Roads ..................... 3-232
551-721-3345 Load Able/Disabled Tracked/Wheeled Vehicles Onto a Heavy Equipment
Transporter (HET) .............................................................................................. 3-234
551-721-3346 Unload Able/Disabled Tracked/Wheeled Vehicles Off a Heavy Equipment
Transporter (HET) .............................................................................................. 3-244
Skill Level 4
Subject Area 12: Motor Pool Management
551-721-4320 Manage Driver Training Program......................................................................... 3-246
551-721-4322 Manage Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services ..................................... 3-252
551-721-4323 Manage Motor Pool Operations ........................................................................... 3-257
551-721-4325 Establish Motor Transport Safety Program.......................................................... 3-259
551-721-4328 Prepare Unit Load Plans...................................................................................... 3-263
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
iv
PAGE
Subject Area 13: Convoy Planning and Operation
551-721-4326 Perform Duties as Convoy Commander .............................................................. 3-265
551-721-4327 Conduct Reconnaissance of Convoy Route ........................................................ 3-272
Subject Area 14: Tactical Base of Operation
551-721-4329 Plan Truck Company Base of Operation Area..................................................... 3-274
551-721-4331 Prepare Truck Battalion Operation Order (OPORD) ........................................... 3-277
551-721-4332 Prepare a Fragmentary Order for a Truck Platoon .............................................. 3-279
551-721-4333 Coordinate Engineer Requirements to Support a Truck Battalion
OPLAN/OPORD ................................................................................................. 3-281
551-721-4335 Prepare Map Overlay........................................................................................... 3-282
Skill Level 9
Subject Area 5: Transport Cargo and Personnel
551-721-1380 Transport General Cargo in Trailer/Semitrailer.................................................... 3-284
Appendix A. Sample Hands-on Evaluation..........................................................................................A-1
Appendix B. Field Expedient Squad Book...........................................................................................B-1
Glossary ......................................................................................................................................Glossary-1
References ..............................................................................................................................References-1
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
v
PREFACE
This soldier training publication (STP) is intended for soldiers holding MOS 88M, Skill Levels 1, 2, 3, and
4; and their supervisors, trainers, and commanders. It contains an MOS training plan that provides
information needed to plan, conduct, and evaluate unit training, one for the most important jobs of military
leaders. It includes standardized training objectives in the form of task summaries that can be used to
train and evaluate soldiers on critical tasks supporting unit missions during wartime.
Soldiers holding MOS 88M should have access to this publication. Trainers and first-line supervisors
should actively plan for soldier access, making it available in work areas, unit learning centers, and unit
libraries. However, it is not intended for an individual copy to be provided to each MOS holder. The TSP
is obtainable on-line from the Reimer Digital Library (RDL) at http://www.adtdl.army.mil/atdls.htm.
Tasks in this manual apply to active Army and reserve component soldiers.
The proponent of this publication is HQ TRADOC. Submit comments and recommendations on DA Form
2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to: Department of the Army,
Training Directorate, Transportation Training Division, ATTN: ATCL-AT, 401 First Street, Suite 214, Fort
Lee, VA 23801-1511.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
1-1
CHAPTER 1
Introduction
1-1. General. This manual identifies the individual military occupational specialty (MOS), training
requirement for soldiers in MOS 88M. Commanders, trainers, and soldiers should use it to plan,
conduct, and evaluate individual training in units. This manual is the primary MOS reference to
support the self-development and training for every soldier within this MOS. Use this manual with the
soldiers manuals (SMs) of common tasks (soldier training publications [STP] 21-1-SMCT and 21-24-
SMCT), Army training and evaluation programs (ARTEPs) mission training plans (MTPs), and FM 7-
0, Chapter 2, Battle-Focused Training, to establish effective training plans and programs which
integrate soldier, leader, and collective tasks.
1-2. Army Training System.
a. Battle-Focused Training. Commanders train their units to be combat ready. Training is their
number one priority. Commanders achieve this using tough, realistic, and challenging training. At every
echelon, commanders must train their unit to the Army standard. Battle focus enables the commander to
train units for success on the battlefield. Using the Army Training Management Cycle, the commander
continuously plans, executes, and assesses the state of training in the unit. This cycle provides the
framework for commanders to develop their unit s METL, establish training priorities, and allocate
resources. Commanders and leaders at all echelons use the Principles of Training to develop and
execute effective training. As commanders train their units on METL tasks, senior commanders reinforce
training by approving and protecting training priorities and providing resources. The following are the ten
principles of training:
1 Commanders are responsible for training.
2 NCOs train individuals, crews, and small teams.
3 Train as a combined arms and joint team.
4 Train for proficiency.
Realistic conditions.
Performance-oriented.
5 Train to standard using appropriate doctrine.
6 Train to adapt.
7 Train to maintain and sustain.
8 Train using multi-echelon techniques.
9 Train to sustain proficiency.
10 Train and develop leaders.
b. Commanders are Responsible for Training. Commanders are responsible for the training
and performance of their soldiers and units. They are the primary training managers and trainers for their
organization, are actively engaged in the training process, and adhere to the principles shown in Figure 2-
1. To accomplish their training responsibility, commanders must--
Be present at training to maximum extent possible.
Base training on mission requirements.
Train to applicable Army standards.
Assess current levels of proficiency.
Provide the required resources.
Develop and execute training plans that result in proficient individuals, leaders, and units.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
1-2
Commanders delegate authority to NCOs in the support channel as the primary trainers of individuals,
crews, and small teams. Commanders hold NCOs responsible for conducting standards based,
performance-oriented, battle focused training and provide feedback on individual, crew, and team
proficiency.
c. NCOs Train Individuals, Crews, and Small Teams. NCOs continue the soldierization
process of newly assigned enlisted soldiers, and begin their professional development. NCOs are
responsible for conducting standards based, performance-oriented, battle focused training. They identify
specific individual, crew, and small team tasks that support the unit s collective mission essential tasks;
plan, prepare, rehearse, and execute training; and evaluate training and conduct after action reviews to
provide feedback to the commander on individual, crew, and small team proficiency. Senior NCOs coach
junior NCOs to master a wide range of individual tasks.
d. Train as a Combined Arms and Joint Team. The Army provides a Joint Force Commander
(JFC) with trained and ready forces that expand the command s range of military options in full spectrum
operations. Army commanders tailor and train forces to react quickly to any crisis. Army forces provide a
JFC the capability to--
Seize areas previously denied by the enemy.
Dominate land operations.
Provide support to civil authorities.
Army forces seldom operate unilaterally. Joint interdependence from the individual, crew, and small team
to the operational level requires training to develop experienced, adaptive leaders, soldiers, and
organizations prepared to operate with joint, and multinational forces and to provide interagency unity of
effort. The fundamental basis for the organization and operation of Army forces is combined arms.
Combined arms is the integrated application of several arms to achieve an effect on the enemy that is
greater than if each arm was used against the enemy separately or in sequence. Integration involves
arrangement of battlefield actions in time, space, and purpose to produce maximum relative effects of
combat power at a decisive place and time. Through force tailored organizations, commanders and their
staffs integrate and synchronize the Battlefield Operating Systems (BOS) to achieve combined arms
effects and accomplish the mission. Today's Army doctrine requires teamwork at all echelons. Well-
trained Army combined arms teams can readily perform in joint, multinational, and interagency
environments. When committed to battle, each unit must be prepared to execute operations without
additional training or lengthy adjustment periods. Leaders must regularly practice task organization of
habitually associated combat arms, combat support, and combat service support capabilities. Teams can
only achieve combined arms proficiency and cohesiveness when they train together. Similarly, peacetime
relationships must mirror wartime task organization to the greatest extent possible. Commanders are
responsible for training all warfighting systems. The full integration of the combined arms team is attained
through the task organization approach to training management. Task organizing is a temporary grouping
of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission. This approach acknowledges that the maneuver
commander integrates and synchronizes the BOS. In short, the maneuver commander, assisted by
higher echelon leaders, forges the combined arms team.
1-3. Soldiers Responsibilities. Each soldier is responsible for performing individual tasks that the first-
line supervisor identifies based on the units mission-essential task list (METL). The soldier must perform
the task to the standards listed in the STP. If a soldier has a question about how to do a task or which
tasks in this manual he must perform, it is the soldiers responsibility to ask the first-line supervisor for
clarification. The first-line supervisor knows how to perform each task or can direct the soldier to the
appropriate training materials.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
1-3
1-4. NCO Self-Development and the Soldier's Manual. Self-development is one of the key
components of the leader development process. It is a planned progressive and sequential program
followed by leaders to enhance and sustain their military competencies. It consists of individual study,
research, professional reading, practice and self-assessment. Under the self-development concept, the
noncommissioned officer (NCO), as an Army professional, has the responsibility to remain current in all
phases of the MOS. The STP is the primary source for the NCO to use in maintaining MOS proficiency.
Numerous additional sources available to the NCO for self-development are:
The Army Training and Doctrinal Digital Library (http://155.217.58.58/).
The Army Correspondence Course Program (ACCP)
(http://www.atsc.army.mil/accp/aipdnew.asp).
The US Army Homepage under Enlisted Career Management
(http://www.army.mil/careers/enlisted.htm). This site contains many links to NCO academies
and colleges and universities.
Unit learning centers are valuable resources for planning out self-development programs. They can help
access enlisted career maps, training support products and extension training materials.
1-5. Training Support. This manual includes the following appendices and information, which provide
additional support information:
Appendix A, DA Form 5164-R (Hands-on Evaluation). The leader book referred to in FM
7-0, Battle-Focused Training (Appendix B) is used to record task performance and gives the
leader total flexibility on the method of recording training. The trainer may use DA Forms
5164-R (Hands-On Evaluation) and 5165-R (Field Expedient Squad Book) as part of the
leader book. The forms are optional and locally producible. STP 21-24-SMCT, Appendix C
contains a copy of the forms and instructions for their use. Digital versions are available at:
http://www.usapa.army.mil/USAPA_PUB_formnum_f.asp
Appendix B, DA Form 5165-R (Field Expedient Squad Book). The NCO trainer can use
this form to set up the leader book described in FM 7-0. The use of this form may help
preclude writing the soldier tasks associated with the units METL and can become a part of
the leader book. This form is also available in digital format at:
http://www.usapa.army.mil/USAPA_PUB_formnum_f.asp.
Glossary. The glossary, which follows the appendices, is a single comprehensive list of
acronyms, abbreviations, definitions, and letter symbols.
References. This section contains two lists of references, required and related, which
support training of all tasks in this STP. Required references are listed in the conditions
statement and are required for the soldier to do the task. Related references are materials
that provide more detailed information and a more thorough explanation of task performance.
1-6. Task Summaries. Task summaries outline the wartime performance requirements of each critical
task in the soldiers manual (SM). They provide the soldier and the trainer with the information necessary
to prepare, conduct, and evaluate critical task training. As a minimum, task summaries include
information you must know and the skills that you must perform to standard for each task. The format for
the task summaries included in this STP is as follows:
Task Title. Describes the required action with one action verb-object qualifier.
Task Number. Provides a unique, permanent identification number.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
1-4
Conditions. Describes the field conditions under which the task will be performed. The
condition expands on the information in the task title by identifying when, where, and why the
soldier performs the task as well as what materials, personnel, and equipment the soldier
must have to perform the task.
Standards. Establishes criteria for how well a task must be performed. The standard
specifies how well, completely, or accurately a process must be performed or product
produced.
Training and Evaluation Guide. Contains two sections:
a. Task performance steps that provide details required performing the task.
b. Performance Evaluation Guide that contains
(1) Evaluation Preparation. Provides special setup procedures and instruction for
evaluating task performance (if required).
(2) Performance Measures with NO-GO criteria.
(3) Evaluation Guidance. Indicates requirements for receiving a GO and otherspecial
guidance (if required).
(4) References. This section identifies references that provide more detailed and
thorough explanations of task performance requirements than that given in the task summary
description. Identifies required and related references.
(5) Integrated Safety statement and environmental considerations. Provides special
safety requirements and environmental considerations identified during task analysis.
NOTE: Safety and environmental factors and considerations are included in the task steps as identified
during task analysis.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-1
CHAPTER 2
Trainer's Guide
2-1. General. The MOS Training Plan identifies the essential components of a unit training plan for
individual training. Units have different training needs and requirements based on differences in
environment, location, equipment, dispersion, and similar factors. Therefore, the MOS Training Plan
should be used as a guide for conducting unit training and not a rigid standard. The MOS Training Plan
consists of two parts. Each part is designed to assist the commander in preparing a unit training plan
which satisfies integration, cross training, training up, and sustainment training requirements for soldiers
in this MOS.
Part One of the MOS Training Plan shows the relationship of an MOS skill level between duty position
and critical tasks. These critical tasks are grouped by task commonality into subject areas.
Section I lists subject area numbers and titles used throughout the MOS Training Plan. These subject
areas are used to define the training requirements for each duty position within an MOS.
Section II identifies the total training requirement for each duty position within an MOS and provides a
recommendation for cross training and train-up/merger training.
Duty Position Column. This column lists the duty positions of the MOS, by skill level, which have
different training requirements.
Subject Area Column. This column lists, by numerical key (see Section I), the subject areas a soldier
must be proficient in to perform in that duty position.
Cross Train Column. This column lists the recommended duty position for which soldiers should be
cross trained.
Train-up/Merger Column. This column lists the corresponding duty position for the next higher skill
level or MOSC the soldier will merge into on promotion.
Part Two lists, by general subject areas, the critical tasks to be trained in an MOS and the type of training
required (resident, integration, or sustainment).
Subject Area Column. This column lists the subject area number and title in the same order as
Section I, Part One of the MOS Training Plan.
Task Number Column. This column lists the task numbers for all tasks included in the subject area.
Title Column. This column lists the task title for each task in the subject area.
Training Location Column. This column identifies the training location where the task is first trained
to soldier training publications standards. If the task is first trained to standard in the unit, the word
Unit will be in this column. If the task is first trained to standard in the training base, it will identify, by
brevity code (ANCOC, BNCOC, and so on), the resident course where the task was taught. Figure 2-1
contains a list of training locations and their corresponding brevity codes.
BNCOC Basic NCO Course
UNIT Trained in the Unit
ANCOC Advanced NCO Course
AIT Advanced Individual Training
AIT/UNIT Advanced Individual Tng (AA only)/Unit (RC only)
Figure 2-1. Training Locations
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-2
Sustainment Training Frequency Column. This column indicates the recommended frequency at
which the tasks should be trained to ensure soldiers maintain task proficiency. Figure 2-2 identifies
the frequency codes used in this column.
BA - Biannually
AN - Annually
SA - Semiannually
QT - Quarterly
MO - Monthly
BW - Biweekly
WK - Weekly
Figure 2-2. Sustainment Training Frequency Codes
Sustainment Training Skill Level Column. This column lists the skill levels of the MOS for which
soldiers must receive sustainment training to ensure they maintain proficiency to soldiers manual
standards.
2-2. Subject Area Codes.
Skill Level 1
1 Accident Forms
3 Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
4 Motor Vehicle Operations
5 Transport Cargo and Personnel
6 Adverse Terrain Operations
7 Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
Skill Level 2
2 Dispatcher Duties
3 Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
4 Motor Vehicle Operations
5 Transport Cargo and Personnel
6 Adverse Terrain Operations
7 Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
Skill Level 3
8 Duties of the Squad Leader/Section Sergeant
9 Motor Pool Operations
10 Convoy Operations
11 Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) Operation
Skill Level 4
12 Motor Pool Management
13 Convoy Planning and Operation
14 Tactical Base of Operation
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-3
2-3. Duty Position Training Requirements.
SKILL
LEVEL DUTY POSITION SUBJECT AREAS CROSS TRAIN TRAIN-UP/MERGER
1/2 Vehicle Driver 1,3,4,5,6,7 Vehicle Driver Sqd Ldr/Sec Sergeant
HET Vehicle Driver 1,3,4,5,6,7,8,11 Senior Vehicle
Driver
Sqd Ldr/Sec Sergeant
Heavy Vehicle Driver
(vehicles of more than 5-
ton cargo capacity
includes all truck tractors
with or without trailer)
1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Senior Vehicle
Driver
Sqd Ldr/Sec Sergeant
Chauffeur (Bn or
Squadron Command
Section)
1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Dispatcher Chauffeur (COL or
BG)
Chauffeur (Driver for
COL or BG)
1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Dispatcher Chauffeur
(MG or LG)
Courier 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Vehicle Driver Dispatcher
Assistant Heavy Vehicle
Driver
1,3,4,5,6,7,8,11 Chauffeur Heavy Vehicle Driver
Senior Vehicle Driver 1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Heavy Vehicle
Driver
Sqd Ldr/Sec Sergeant
Dispatcher 2 Chauffeur Driver
3HET Vehicle Driver 1,3,4,5,6,7,11 Sqd
Leader/Section
Sergeant
PSG/Truckmaster
Chauffeur (Driver for MG
or LG)
1,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Sqd
Leader/Section
Sergeant
PSG/Truckmaster
Chauffeur (Gen or
General of the Army)
Squad Leader/Section
Sergeant
8,9,10 Heavy Vehicle
Driver
PSG/Truckmaster
Driver Test Sergeant 1,3,4,5,6,7,9,11 Sqd
Leader/Section
Sergeant
PSG/Truckmaster
Truckmaster (USAREC
Recruiting Bn)
9 Heavy Vehicle
Driver
PSG/Truckmaster
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-4
SKILL
LEVEL DUTY POSITION SUBJECT
AREAS CROSS TRAIN TRAIN-
UP/MERGER
4Chauffeur (Driver of Gen
or General of the Army)
1,3,4,5,6,7 Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
9,12,13,14 Platoon Sergeant Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
Detachment Sergeant 9,10,11,13,14 Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
Platoon Sergeant 9,10,11,13,14 Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
Fleet Management NCO 9,10,11,13,14 Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
Senior Courier 1,3,4,5,6,7 Truckmaster/Operations
Sergeant
Senior
Transportation
Supervisor
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-5
2-4. Critical Tasks List.
MOS TRAINING PLAN
88M14
CRITICAL TASKS
Task Number Title Training
Location Sust
Tng
Freq
Sust
Tng SL
Skill Level 1
Subject Area 1. Accident Forms
551-721-1388 Complete DD Form 518 and SF 91 AIT BM
Subject Area 3. Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
551-721-1352 Perform Preventive Maintenance Checks
Subject Area 4. Motor Vehicle Operations
551-721-1314 Perform Coupling Operations
551-721-1359 Operate Vehicle in a Convoy
551-721-1364 Operate Vehicle With Standard or
Automatic/Semiautomatic Transmission
AIT DA
551-721-1367 Back Vehicle With Semitrailer
551-721-1384 Perform as Wheeled Vehicle Ground Guide Day or Night AIT BM 1
551-721-1500 Operate Palletized Load System AIT BM
551-721-1600 Operate the Movement Tracking System (MTS)
551-721-1650 Operate the Driver's Vision Enhancer (DVE)
Subject Area 5. Transport Cargo and Personnel
551-721-1386 Load and Unload Passengers for Transport in a Truck AIT AN
551-721-1411 Perform Tiedown Procedures
551-721-1501 Perform Load/Unload Operations With Truck Palletized
Load System (PLS) in Automatic Mode
551-721-1503 Transfer Flatrack Onto/From Palletized Load System
(PLS) Trailer Using the Load Handling System (LHS)
551-721-1504 Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations in Manual Mode
551-721-1505 Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations Using Container
Handling Unit (CHU)
AIT AN 1-2
551-721-1507 Conduct Container Roll-In/Roll-Out Platform (CROP)
Load/Unload Operations
Subject Area 6. Adverse Terrain Operations
551-721-1360 Operate Cargo Vehicle on Secondary
Roads/Trails/Cross-country
551-721-1368 Operate Vehicle With Semitrailer on Secondary
Roads/Trails/Cross-country
AIT BM 1
Subject Area 7. Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
551-721-1361 Operate Vehicle under Adverse Conditions AIT BM
551-721-1363 Operate Vehicle With or Without Trailer/Semitrailer Under
Blackout Conditions
551-721-1410 Read Strip Maps AIT BM
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-6
Skill Level 2
Subject Area 2. Dispatcher Duties
551-721-2371 Perform Dispatcher Duties UNIT SA
Subject Area 3. Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
551-721-2393 Remove and Replace a Tire on a Wheeled Vehicle and
Trailer
UNIT SA
Subject Area 4. Motor Vehicle Operations
551-721-2300 Operate the M1070/M1000 Semitrailer Combination With
Disabled Bogie
UNIT SA
551-721-2301 Operate the Gas Particulate Filter Unit (GPFU) on the
M1070 Tractor
551-721-2302 Operate the APU on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2303 Adjust the Gooseneck on the M1000 Semitrailer UNIT SA
551-721-2304 Adjust the Platform Height on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2305 Operate the Loading Ramps on the M1000 Semitrailer UNIT SA
551-721-2306 Manually Steer the M1000 Semitrailer UNIT SA
551-721-2355 Prepare Vehicle for Inclement Weather Operation UNIT SA
551-721-2385 Perform Coupling Operations With a Pintle-Connected
Trailer
551-721-2407 Operate Vehicle-Mounted Crane
Subject Area 5. Transport Cargo and Personnel
551-721-2100 Conduct Refueling Operations Using Tactical Refueling
Vehicles
AIT/UNIT QT
551-721-2374 Assist in Loading/Unloading a Tracked/Wheeled Vehicle
Onto/From Semitrailer
UNIT SA
551-721-2376 Assist in Loading/Unloading a Tracked/Wheeled Vehicle
Onto/From a Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET)
UNIT SA
551-721-2379 Transport Classified/Sensitive Cargo UNIT AN
551-721-2381 Assist in Ammunition Loading/Unloading Operations on a
Transporter
551-721-2383 Transport Dangerous Cargo on a Transporter
Subject Area 6. Adverse Terrain Operations
551-721-2389 Self-Recover a Wheeled Vehicle UNIT SA
Subject Area 7. Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
551-721-2357 Prepare Vehicle for Tactical Operations UNIT SA
551-721-2408 Implement Defensive Procedures When Under
Attack/Ambush in a Truck Convoy
551-721-2410 Operate Vehicle in a Contaminated Area UNIT QT
551-721-2415 Operate Night Vision Devices UNIT QT
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
2-7
Skill Level 3
Subject Area 8. Duties of the Squad Leader/Section Sergeant
551-721-3335 Supervise Driver Training Program UNIT AN 3-4
551-721-3338 Supervise Personnel Performing Vehicle Recovery BNCOC AN 3-4
551-721-3340 Supervise Operation of Vehicle-mounted Crane BNCOC BM
551-721-3341 Supervise Personnel Loading/Unloading Equipment/
Cargo Onto/From Vehicle and Semitrailer
UNIT AN 3-4
551-721-3347 Supervise Preparation of Vehicle for Movement or
Shipment
BNCOC AN 3-4
551-721-3353 Review Vehicle Accident Reports BNCOC AN 30
Subject Area 9. Motor Pool Operations
551-721-3334 Supervise Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services BNCOC AN 3-4
Subject Area 10. Convoy Operations
551-721-3336 Enforce Driver Safety Rules and Techniques BNCOC AN 3-4
551-721-3348 Perform Duties as Serial/March Unit Commander BNCOC AN 3-4
551-721-3355 Instruct the Use of Maps in Motor Transport Operations BNCOC AN 3-4
551-721-3600 Operate the Movement Tracking System (MTS) Control
Station
Subject Area 11. Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) Operation
551-721-3337 Drive A Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) on Improved
Roads
UNIT SA 3-4
551-721-3345 Load Able/Disabled Tracked/Wheeled Vehicles Onto a
Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET)
UNIT SA 3-4
551-721-3346 Unload Able/Disabled Tracked/Wheeled Vehicles Off a
Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET)
UNIT SA 3-4
Skill Level 4
Subject Area 12. Motor Pool Management
551-721-4320 Manage Driver Training Program ANCOC AN 4
551-721-4322 Manage Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services ANCOC AN 4
551-721-4323 Manage Motor Pool Operations ANCOC AN 4
551-721-4325 Establish Motor Transport Safety Program ANCOC AN 4
551-721-4328 Prepare Unit Load Plans ANCOC AN 4
Subject Area 13. Convoy Planning and Operation
551-721-4326 Perform Duties as Convoy Commander ANCOC SA 4
551-721-4327 Conduct Reconnaissance of Convoy Route ANCOC SA 4
Subject Area 14. Tactical Base of Operation
551-721-4329 Plan Truck Company Base of Operation Area ANCOC SA 4
551-721-4331 Prepare Truck Battalion Operation Order (OPORD) ANCOC SA 4
551-721-4332 Prepare a Fragmentary Order for a Truck Platoon ANCOC SA 4
551-721-4333 Coordinate Engineer Requirements to Support a Truck
Battalion OPLAN/OPORD
ANCOC SA 4
551-721-4335 Prepare Map Overlay ANCOC SA 4
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-1
CHAPTER 3
MOS/Skill Level Tasks
Skill Level 1
Subject Area 1: Accident Forms
Complete DD Form 518 and SF 91
551-721-1388
Conditions: Given an accident situation sheet, DD Form 518 (Accident-Identification Card), SF 91 (Motor
Vehicle Accident Report), and a pen or pencil.
Standards: You have successfully completed the DD Form 518 and SF 91 by following the situation
provided.
Performance Steps
1. Enter the following information on DD Form 518.
a. Date of accident.
b. Make and type of vehicle.
c. Registration number of vehicle.
d. Your name.
e. Your social security number (SSN) (optional).
f. Your rank.
g. Name of organization to which assigned.
2. Give DD Form 518 to any other person involved in the accident.
3. Place a DD Form 518 in or on the involved parked vehicle, notify local authorities, and stand by the
scene of the accident until the authorities arrive if the accident involves a parked car and the person
concerned is not present.
4. Enter the following information on SF 91.
a. Name of department or agency.
b. Name and location of organization to which assigned.
c. Operator identification in section 1.
d. Accident time and location in section 2.
e. Federal vehicle number in section 3.
f. Other vehicle involved in section 4.
g. Other property damage in section 5.
h. Person injured in section 6.
i. Occupants in your vehicle in section 7.
j. Occupants in other vehicle in section 8.
k. Witnesses and police in section 9.
l. Accident conditions in section 10.
m. Events after accident in section 11.
n. Other vehicle or property involved in section 12.
o. Diagram of what happened in section 13.
p. Operator's statement of accident and use of safety equipment in section 14.
q. Operator's signature.
r. Date signed.
5. Turn in report to the commanding officer or noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC).
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-2
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a DD Form 518, SF 91, identifying information about the
accident, and a pen.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to complete all sections of the DD Form 518 and SF 91 legibly and
accurately using the information given. Tell the soldier to sign and date the SF 91 and turn it in to the
commanding officer or NCOIC. Tell the soldier that the SSN is optional.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Entered information on DD Form 518. —— ——
2. Gave DD Form 518 to any person involved in the accident. —— ——
3. Placed DD Form 518 in or on the involved parked vehicle, notified local
authorities, and stood by the scene of the accident until the authorities arrived if
the accident involved a parked car and the person concerned was not present.
—— ——
4. Entered information on SF 91. —— ——
5. Turned in report to the commanding officer or noncommissioned officer in charge
(NCOIC).
—— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
DD FORM 518 FM 21-305
SF 91
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-3
Subject Area 3: Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
Perform Preventive Maintenance Checks
551-721-1352
Conditions: Given a clean tactical wheeled vehicle, trailer or other equipment requiring preventive
maintenance, basic issue items (BII), either DA Form 2404 (Equipment Inspection and Maintenance
Worksheet) or DA Form 5988-E (Equipment Inspection Maintenance Worksheet), rags and lubricants as
necessary, level ground to work, spare parts as available, -10, -12, and -14 series TM for the vehicle,
trailer or equipment, either DD Form 1970 (Motor Equipment Utilization Record) or DA Form 5987-E
(Motor Equipment Dispatch), hearing protection as necessary, and guidance on disposition of completed
maintenance worksheets.
Standards: You have determined how to read and interpret the applicable TM. You have removed all
watches, rings, and other jewelry for safety reasons. You have inspected the vehicle, trailer, or equipment
according to the preventive maintenance checks and services (PMCS) tables of the appropriate TM while
wearing hearing protection as necessary. You have adhered to all WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, and notes
concerning the items you have checked. You have distinguished between before, during, and after
operation maintenance checks. Regarding faults you have detected, you have corrected all detected
faults, when possible, within your level of maintenance. You have recorded all uncorrectable faults on
either DA Form 2404 or DA Form 5988-E completely, accurately, and legibly. You have properly
troubleshot faults as necessary according to the TM. Once all maintenance checks were completed, you
turned in the form to unit maintenance or your direct supervisor according to the unit standing operating
procedure (SOP). When vehicle or equipment required dispatch, made all operator entries on either DD
Form 1970 or DA Form 5987-E legibly, correctly, and accurately. All checks were completed without
injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare for inspection.
a. Enter the name of the unit to which the vehicle belongs in block 1 of DA Form 2404.
b. Enter the noun abbreviation and the model of the equipment in block 2 of DA Form 2404 (for
example, Truck, Cargo, 5-Ton, 6x6, M923).
c. Enter the registration number or serial number in block 3 of DA Form 2404.
d. Enter the type of inspection service to be done in block 6 of DA Form 2404.
e. Enter number and date of the appropriate TM used in block 7 of DA Form 2404.
Note: When using the Unit Level Logistics System (ULLS) DA Form 5988-E, the Admin number,
Equipment Model, Equipment Noun, Equipment National Stock Number (NSN), Equipment Serial
Number, Registration Number, type Inspection, and publication numbers (with changes) will be retrieved
from the equipment data file. No entries from the operator/crew chief are needed in these areas.
Note: The operator/crew chief must ensure that data contained in these areas are correct prior to pulling
PMCS. If any fields are not current, notify the ULLS operator so he can update the data field through the
ULLS Menu process.
2. Perform before-operation inspection as listed in appropriate vehicle operator's manual (-10 series
TM) if deficiencies are noted (when using DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E).
a. Isolate the malfunction by applying step-by-step troubleshooting procedures.
b. Correct all deficiencies (faults) within the operator's level of maintenance.
c. Record all vehicle deficiencies correctly by replacing parts in column d of DA Form 2404/under
corrective action of DA Form 5988-E.
d. Record all uncorrectable deficiencies in column c of DA Form 2404/under fault description of
DA Form 5988-E.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-4
Performance Steps
e. When a deficiency or shortcoming is found using DA Form 5988-E, the operator or supervisor
signs and enters the rank. Complete blocks 4, 5, 8a, and columns a and b of DA Form 2404 as
follows:
(1) Enter the meter reading as of the date in block 5 in miles, kilometers, and hours as
applicable in block 4.
(2) Enter the current calendar date in block 5.
(3) Enter the signature and rank in block 8a.
(4) Write in the PMCS item number (from the operator/crew PMCS checklist in the
appropriate TM) in column a, that applies to the fault listed in column c. If the PMCS has
no item number, list the page, paragraph, or sequence number. Circle the fault, if the fault
is listed in the "Equipment is not ready/available" column of the PMCS.
(5) If the PMCS has no ready/available column, circle the TM item number, page, or
paragraph number of any faults that make the equipment non-mission capable (NMC).
(6) Enter the condition status symbol for all incorrect faults in column b.
f. If no deficiencies are noted, enter the date in column c of DA Form 2404.
3. Perform during-operation inspection as listed in the appropriate vehicle operator's manual (-10
series TM).
a. If no deficiencies are noted, make no entries on DA Form 2404.
b. If deficiencies are noted, follow steps 2a(1) through 2a(5) (in the -10 series TM).
4. Perform after operation-inspection as listed in the appropriate vehicle operator's manual (-10 series
TM.
a. If no deficiencies are noted, put initials in column e of DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E put your
initials in the initial column.
b. If deficiencies are noted follow steps 2a(1) through 2a(5) (in the -10 series TM).
5. Turn in DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E to the maintenance supervisor.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Inspect the vehicle to identify the deficiencies that would effect the
operational status of the vehicle. The operator must record uncorrectable faults on DA Form 2404 or DA
Form 5988-E. Ensure that faults are within the operator's level of maintenance, which must be corrected.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to perform before-, during-, and after-operation maintenance checks and fill
out DA Form 2404 completely, correctly, and legibly as required. Correct all deficiencies within operator
level of maintenance and record all other deficiencies that cannot be immediately corrected by adjustment
or replacement of parts.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared for inspection. —— ——
a. Enter the name of the unit to which the vehicle belongs in block 1 of DA
Form 2404.
b. Enter the noun abbreviation and the model of the equipment in block 2 of DA
Form 2404 (example Truck, Cargo, 5-Ton, 6 X 6, M923).
c. Enter the registration number or serial number in block 3 of DA Form 2404.
d. Enter the type of inspection service to be done in block 6 of DA Form 2404.
e. Enter the number and date of the appropriate TM used in block 7 of DA
Form 2404.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-5
Performance Measures GO NO GO
2. Performed before-operation inspection as listed in appropriate vehicle operator's
manual (-10 series TM) if deficiencies are noted (when using DA Form 2404/DA
Form 5988-E).
—— ——
a. Isolate the malfunction by applying the step by-step troubleshooting
procedures as listed in the operator's manual.
b. Correct all deficiencies (faults) within the operator's level of maintenance.
c. Record, in column c of DA Form 2404, all vehicle deficiencies corrected by
replacing parts.
d. Record all uncorrectable deficiencies in column c of DA Form 2404.
e. Complete blocks 4, 5, 8a, and columns a and b of DA Form 2404 as follows:
(1) Enter the meter reading as of the date in block 5 in miles, kilometers,
and hours as applicable in block 4.
(2) Enter the current calendar date in block 5.
(3) Enter your signature and rank in block 8a.
(4) Write in the PMCS item number (from the operator/crew PMCS
checklist in the appropriate TM) in column a that applies to the fault
listed in column d.
Note: If the PMCS has no item number, list the page, paragraph, or sequence number.
Circle the fault, if the fault is listed in the "Equipment is not ready/available" column of
the PMCS. If the PMCS has no ready/available column, circle the TM item number,
page, or paragraph number of any fault that makes the equipment non-mission
capable (NMC).
(5) Enter the condition status symbol for all uncorrected faults in column b.
f. Enter the date in column c of DA Form 2404 if no deficiencies are noted.
3. Performed during-operation inspection as listed in the appropriate vehicle
operator's manual (-10 series TM).
—— ——
4. Performed after operation-inspection as listed in the appropriate vehicle
operator's manual (-10 series TM).
—— ——
a. Put your initials in column e of DA Form 2404 if no deficiencies are noted.
b. Follow steps 2e (1) through 2e (5) if deficiencies are noted.
5. Turned in DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E to the maintenance supervisor. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
DA FORM 2404 DA PAM 738-750
DA FORM 5987-E
DA FORM 5988-E
DD FORM 1970
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-270-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-273-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-283-10
TM 9-2320-289-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-6
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-7
Subject Area 4: Motor Vehicle Operations
Perform Coupling Operations
551-721-1314
Conditions: Given a tractor and semitrailer (uncoupled) with before-operation maintenance performed
and all coupling components lubricated as required, an area large enough to accommodate the operation,
chock blocks, and hearing protection, ground guides (where available) and work gloves.
Standards: You have coupled and uncoupled the semitrailer to/from the tractor without injury to
personnel or damage to vehicle or semitrailer.
Performance Steps
1. Couple semitrailer.
WARNING: Use ground guide when backing up to parked semitrailer. Failure to do this may result in
injury to personnel, or damage to equipment.
a. Prepare coupling devices.
(1) Check coupling devices on the tractor and semitrailer for good condition and working
order.
(2) Set the coupling jaws by swinging the locking plunger safety latch right or left to free the
locking plunger lever.
(3) Move the locking plunger lever toward the front of the truck until it stays in the forward
position. Coupling jaws are now unlocked.
b. Position the tractor.
CAUTION: Ensure that centerline of tractor and centerline of semitrailer are aligned during coupling
operation.
(1) Ensure that the coupling jaws line up with the semitrailer kingpin.
(2) Follow all applicable procedures from the TM for the tractor you are using. TM must be
current and possess all changes.
c. Make wedge adjustments to fifth wheel (if appropriate).
(1) Position wedges fully below the walking beam for highway operations and back and away
from the walking beam for cross-country operations. Do the following to position wedges:
(a) Remove the two caps from each wedge.
(b) Remove the wedges and reverse the position.
(c) Using the same holes, reinstall and tighten the cap screws.
d. Emplace chock blocks.
(1) Level Ground. Place one chock block in front of the wheel and behind the opposing wheel
on the same axle.
(2) Uphill. Place both chock blocks behind the rear axle of the semitrailer.
(3) Downhill. Place chock blocks in front of forward-most axle on semitrailer.
e. Line up tractor with semitrailer.
(1) Start the tractor (See TM for applicable vehicle used).
(2) Sound horn (if tactically permitted).
(3) Using ground guides if available, align centerline of tractor with centerline of semitrailer.
(4) Back the tractor up slowly and maneuver so that the kingpin of the semitrailer is in line
with coupling jaws of the tractor's fifth wheel.
(5) Stop the tractor in front of the semitrailer so that approach ramps are slightly under the
front edge of the semitrailer.
(6) Place transmission shift lever in neutral.
(7) Apply parking brakes.
f. Adjust height of semitrailer to match tractor's fifth wheel height. Use crank handle on the
semitrailer to raise or lower the landing legs so the semitrailer's lower front edge is slightly
lower than the tractor's fifth wheel.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-8
Performance Steps
g. Make tractor-to-semitrailer brake air line connections.
(1) Remove dummy couplings from the air connections on the semitrailer.
(2) Connect air lines hoses from the tractor to the semitrailer.
(3) Attach the emergency hose on the tractor (color code red) to the service coupling on the
semitrailer.
CAUTION: Ensure the service air hose from the tractor is connected to the service coupling, the
emergency air hose and to the emergency coupling on the semitrailer.
WARNING: Airbrake shutoff must be open at all times during the normal operation the tractor and the
semitrailer. Semitrailer brakes must be functional. Failure to do this may cause injury or death to
personnel.
(4) Position shutoff valves.
(a) For the lever shutoff valve, place levers in the down position. Place levers in the up
position to close the shutoff valves.
(b) For the handle shutoff valves, place the handle in the vertical (up) position. Place the
handles in the horizontal (down) position to close the shutoff valve.
h. Check security of tractor-to-semitrailer coupling.
(1) Pull down on trailer air brake control lever to engage the semitrailer brakes.
(2) Release the parking brake lever and place the transmission selector lever in reverse and
resume backing up.
(3) Stop the vehicle when the coupling jaws close around the semitrailer kingpin.
(4) Place the transmission selector lever in neutral and apply the parking brake lever.
(5) Visually check to make sure the jaws have completely closed.
(6) With the trailer airbrake control handle engaged, release the parking brake lever, place
the transmission selector lever in first or low gear range and slightly depress the
accelerator pedal. The tractor will not move forward if the fifth wheel is properly
connected to the semitrailer.
CAUTION: Stop the vehicle immediately if the tractor moves forward and repeat steps h(1) through h(6)
above.
i. Connect the electrical cable to the electric receptacle on the semitrailer.
j. Check the semitrailer lights.
(1) Turn the light switch to service drive.
(2) Operate turn signal switch and direct the ground guides to check for the proper operation
of the semitrailer signal lights.
(3) Depress the brake pedal and direct the ground guides to check for the proper operation of
the semitrailer stoplights.
k. Prepare semitrailer for movement.
(1) Turn the crank to raise the landing gear on the semitrailer. Be sure the crank handle is
stowed securely.
(2) Stow the landing gear pads in the racks, remove and stow the chock blocks.
(3) Check to operation of the semitrailer brakes using the brake hand control in the cab.
2. Uncouple semitrailer.
a. Remove chock blocks from stowage brackets.
b. Chock the semitrailer wheels.
(1) When parking uphill, place chock blocks behind the rear wheels on both sides of the
semitrailer.
(2) When parking downhill, place chock blocks in front of the rear wheels on both sides of the
semitrailer.
(3) When parking on level ground, place a chock block firmly in front of a wheel on one side
of the axle and firmly behind one wheel on the other side.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-9
Performance Steps
c. Remove float pads from stowage brackets and place under landing support legs.
d. Lower the landing support legs.
e. Disconnect the intervehicular cable from the semitrailer light receptacle and secure it to the
tractor.
f. Close air supply valves to the air brake lines on the tractor.
g. Disconnect the air brake lines from the air line couplings on the semitrailer and secure them to
the tractor hose stowage brackets.
h. Fit the dummy couplings on the semitrailer air line couplings.
i. Pull the plunger handle forward to open the fifth wheel coupling jaws and release wheel
disengages from the tractor.
j. Move the tractor forward until fifth wheel disengages from the semitrailer.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a tractor and semitrailer that are not coupled and an
area large enough to safely couple the semitrailer.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to couple the semitrailer to the tractor without injuring personnel or damaging
the tractor, semitrailer, or surrounding area.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Coupled semitrailer. —— ——
a. Prepared coupling devices.
b. Positioned tractor.
c. Made wedge adjustments (as necessary).
d. Emplaced chock blocks.
e. Lined up tractor with semitrailer.
f. Adjusted height of semitrailer to tractor's fifth wheel height.
g. Made tractor-to-semitrailer brake line connections.
h. Checked security of tractor to semitrailer.
i. Connected electrical intervehicular cable from tractor to semitrailer.
j. Checked semitrailer lights.
k. Prepared semitrailer for movement.
2. Uncoupled semitrailer. —— ——
a. Removed chock blocks from stowage brackets.
b. Chocked semitrailer wheels.
c. Removed float pads from stowage brackets and placed under landing
support legs.
d. Lowered the landing support legs.
e. Disconnected intervehicular cable from semitrailer light receptacle and
secured to tractor.
f. Close air supply valves.
g. Disconnect air brake lines.
h. Opened fifth wheel coupling jaws.
i. Moved tractor forward until fifth wheel disengaged from semitrailer.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-10
References
Required Related
FM 21-305 TC 21-305-11
TM 9-2320-260-10 TC 21-305-6
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-283-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
TM 9-2330-359-14&P
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-11
Operate Vehicle in a Convoy
551-721-1359
Conditions: Given a briefing by the convoy commander, a vehicle with before-operation maintenance
performed, hearing protection (as needed). Task must be performed under the march unit commander's
supervision.
Standards: You have operated the vehicle according to specific instructions from the convoy or march
unit commander. You have correctly maintained established convoy interval and speed. You have
correctly reacted to and relayed all hand signals and followed all highway warning and regulatory signs
according to FM 21-305. You have performed all requirements without injury to personnel or damage to
equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Start the engine upon receiving the signal or the order from the march unit commander.
a. Refer to the vehicle TM for starting procedures.
b. Fasten seat belt for operator and all passengers (if equipped).
c. Wear hearing protection while operating vehicle.
2. Set the vehicle in motion upon receiving signal or order to move out. Refer to vehicle TM for proper
procedures.
3. Operate the vehicle at the prescribed speed and within the proper interval between vehicles. Follow
guidance from convoy or serial/march unit commander.
4. Acknowledge hand signals by adjusting speed, interval, and position accordingly.
5. Relay hand signals received from the march unit commander to other drivers.
6. Park the vehicle, during halts, as directed.
7. Perform during-operation preventive maintenance checks.
8. Check vehicle load, during halts, for security (if loaded).
9. Shutdown engine (unless told otherwise by supervisor or serial/march unit commander).
a. Refer to vehicle TM for proper shutdown procedures.
b. Chock vehicle wheels as necessary.
10. Resume vehicle convoy operations (steps 1 through 6). Follow signals or orders from serial/march
unit commander.
11. Shutdown engine at destination (repeat step 9). Refer to vehicle TM for proper procedures.
12. Perform after-operation preventive maintenance checks.
a. Refer to vehicle TM for proper procedures.
b. Follow additional guidance from supervisor or serial/march unit commander.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Set up the convoy with six vehicles at the starting point. Select a route
for the convoy, which will not interfere with the regular traffic. Use a Noncommissioned Officer (NCO)
trained in convoy procedures to act as the convoy commander. Have the convoy commander brief the
soldier on convoy operations.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to follow the instructions given in the convoy commander's briefing.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-12
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the engine upon receiving the signal or the order from the march unit
commander.
—— ——
2. Set the vehicle in motion. —— ——
3. Operated the vehicle at prescribed speed and within the proper interval between
vehicles.
—— ——
4. Acknowledged hand signals by adjusting speed, interval, and position. —— ——
5. Relayed hand signals received from the march unit commander. —— ——
6. Parked vehicle, during halts, as directed. —— ——
7. Performed during-operation preventive maintenance checks. —— ——
8. Checked vehicle load, during halts, for security. —— ——
9. Shutdown engine (unless told to otherwise by supervisor or march unit
commander.
—— ——
10. Resumed vehicle convoy operations (repeated step 1 through 6). —— ——
11. Shutdown vehicle at destination (repeated step 9). —— ——
12. Performed after-operation preventive maintenance checks. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
FM 4-01.30
FM 55-15
FM 55-30
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-283-10
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
TM 9-2330-357-14&P
TM 9-2330-385-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-13
Operate Vehicle With Standard or Automatic/Semiautomatic Transmission
551-721-1364
Conditions: Given a tactical wheeled vehicle with a standard or automatic/semiautomatic transmission,
with before-operation maintenance performed, BII, dispatch, -10 series TM, accident forms, and guidance
on route to operate.
Standards: You have safely operated your vehicle by following all starting and operating procedures in
the referenced TM. You have shifted gears (manual transmission) and maintained control of the vehicle
during all movement (forward and backward). All driving maneuvers were completed without injury to
personnel or damage to vehicle.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare for vehicle operation.
a. Adjust the seats (as needed).
b. Adjust driving mirrors (as needed).
c. Fasten seat belt.
d. Ensure the parking brake is applied.
e. On vehicles with winch, ensure that power takeoff is disengaged.
f. Insert hearing protection prior to starting vehicle.
g. Start vehicle engine (refer to applicable vehicle TM for proper starting procedures).
h. Observe all instruments and warning lights and buzzers for proper operation.
i. Allow engine to warm up and brake system air tank warning buzzer to go off (as applicable).
2. Set the vehicle in motion.
a. Turn on lights as required.
b. Refer to TM for proper procedures for placing your vehicle into motion.
c. Check for approaching traffic.
d. Signal to indicate your direction of movement (if tactically permitted).
e. Release parking brake.
3. Shift the gears (as applicable). Bring vehicle to desired speed by shifting, as necessary through the
gear pattern (manual transmission) or selecting different gear ranges (automatic transmission).
4. Turn the vehicle.
a. Prepare to turn (full turn).
(1) Signal a right or left turn (when permitted).
(2) Observe responses of other vehicle to your signals.
(3) Reduce speed to make the turn safely. Keep in mind terrain and load (if applicable) when
determining your speed through the turn.
b. Start the turn. Rotate the top of the steering wheel in the direction of turn and adjust as
desired.
5. Stop the vehicle (nonemergency).
a. Remove foot from accelerator.
b. Apply engine retarder if equipped and as needed.
c. Apply service brakes as needed to bring vehicle to complete and safe stop.
6. Back the vehicle.
a. With vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
b. Place transmission in neutral (N).
c. Pose ground guides if available.
d. Check behind vehicle to ensure there are no obstructions or personnel.
e. Sound horn (if tactically permitted).
f. Place transmission in reverse (R).
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-14
Performance Steps
g. Release parking brake.
h. If ground guide is posted, observe and adhere to signals to move vehicle into position.
i. If no ground guide is present, check all views through rear view mirrors and slowly steer the
vehicle backward into position. If necessary, repeat steps 6 a through g above to complete the
rearward movement.
j. Stop the vehicle.
7. Park the vehicle.
a. Place the transmission selector lever in neutral (N).
b. Set the parking brake.
c. Shutdown the engine (refer to TM).
d. Drain reservoir as needed.
e. Emplace chocks blocks as needed.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier with a vehicle and a route to follow.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to drive the vehicle safely, shifting through all gear. Tell him to drive the
vehicle to preselected points and final destination and return to departure point.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared for vehicle operation. —— ——
a. Adjusted driver's seat (as needed).
b. Adjusted mirrors (as needed).
c. Fastened seat belt.
d. Ensured parking brake was set.
e. Ensured PTO was disengaged.
f. Started the vehicle.
g. Observed all instruments, warning lights and warning buzzers.
h. Allowed engine to warm up.
2. Set the vehicle in motion. —— ——
a. Turned on the lights (as needed).
b. Placed vehicle in motion using procedures referenced from the -10 series
TM.
c. Checked for traffic.
d. Signaled intention to move.
e. Released parking brake.
3. Shifted the gears. —— ——
a. Properly shifted gears or selected proper gear range.
b. Released and depressed accelerator as needed while maintaining control of
vehicle.
c. Shifted as needed to control movement of vehicle.
4. Turned the vehicle. —— ——
a. Prepared to turn by:
(1) Signaling.
(2) Observing responses of other vehicles.
(3) Reduced speed as needed to make turn.
b. Began the turn.
c. Completed the turn.
d. Maneuvered through road curves.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-15
Performance Measures GO NO GO
5. Stopped the vehicle (nonemergency). —— ——
a. Removed foot from accelerator.
b. Applied engine retarder as needed to slow vehicle.
c. Applied service brakes to bring vehicle to complete and safe stop.
6. Backed the vehicle. —— ——
a. Posted ground guides.
b. Sounded the horn.
c. Placed the transmission in reverse.
d. Released the parking brake.
e. Steered vehicle into position.
f. Stopped vehicle.
7. Parked the vehicle. —— ——
a. Placed transmission in neutral.
b. Set the parking brake.
c. Shutdown the vehicle.
d. Drained brake air reservoir as needed or applicable.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-16
Back Vehicle With Semitrailer
551-721-1367
Conditions: Given a tractor coupled to a semitrailer with before-operation preventive maintenance
performed, hearing protection (as needed), and area to maneuver.
Standards: You have safely backed your tractor with semitrailer combination into designated position.
You have maintained full control during movement without injury to personnel or damage to surroundings
or equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare to operate the vehicle.
a. Adjust the rear-view mirrors to obtain a clear view to both sides of the vehicle.
b. Adjust driver's seat as needed.
c. Fasten seat belt.
d. Start the tractor (refer to TM for proper starting procedures).
e. Check the vehicle instruments for proper readings (refer to TM).
f. Ensure that vehicle air system low air pressure warning buzzer has stopped (as applicable).
2. Set the vehicle in motion.
a. Check gauges to make sure the vehicle is ready for operation.
b. Place transmission in reverse.
c. Release the parking brake.
d. Depress the accelerator.
3. Back the semitrailer to the left.
a. Turn the tractor's steering wheel to the right until the trailer is headed in the desired direction.
b. Turn the tractor's steering wheel to the left to put the tractor in the line of travel as semitrailer.
4. Back the semitrailer to the right.
a. Turn the tractor's steering wheel to left until the trailer is headed in the desired direction.
b. Turn the tractor's steering wheel to the right to put the tractor in line of travel as semitrailer.
5. Back semitrailer without turning (straight-line).
a. Observe and react to visual hand signals of the ground guides (if available).
b. Use vehicle mirrors to aid in making steering adjustments.
c. Stop at designated point.
6. Park the semitrailer.
a. Align the tractor with the semitrailer.
b. Back the semitrailer into the desired position, using ground guides.
c. Apply the parking brake.
d. Shut off the engine.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a tractor and semitrailer, and an area that has been
marked for the driver to back the tractor and semitrailer into.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to safely back the tractor with semitrailer to a predetermined spot, without
damaging the tractor and semitrailer or physical surroundings and without injuring personnel.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-17
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared to operate the tractor. —— ——
2. Set the vehicle in motion. —— ——
3. Backed the semitrailer to the left. —— ——
4. Backed the semitrailer to the right. —— ——
5. Backed the semitrailer without turning (straight-line). —— ——
6. Parked the semitrailer. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-18
Perform as Wheeled Vehicle Ground Guide Day or Night
551-721-1384
Conditions: During daylight and darkness, given a flashlight, assistant ground guide(s), vehicle with
driver, an area to maneuver, and hearing protection as needed.
Standards: You have positioned yourself and successfully portrayed each visual hand signals that
correctly represents the intended vehicle movement. You have influenced vehicular movement in
indicating visual signals of attention, mount, starting the engine, move forward, slow down, right or left
turn, move in reverse, open up, close up, increase speed, halt of stop, stop engine, and dismount. You
safely employed the visual hand signals for nighttime using a flashlight. There were no injuries to
personnel, or damage to vehicle or surroundings.
Performance Steps
1. Make preparations to ground guide a wheeled vehicle.
a. Ensure that a 360-degree walk around of the vehicle is done to ensure there are no
obstructions that will inhibit the vehicle's movement (applies to crew member, guide, or the
driver).
b. Coordinate with driver to ensure the following:
(1) That only one person gives hand signals to the driver (if using more than one ground
guide).
(2) For the driver to immediately stop vehicle if the driver looses sight of the ground guide or
flashlight (at night).
(3) If hand signals are not understood, the vehicle must stop and signals clarified.
(4) To follow the flashlight movements (at night) until the light goes out.
c. Determine best line-of-sight location for ground guiding (see Figures 3-1, 3-2, and 3-3).
d. Does not position as ground guide directly in front of or behind vehicle.
e. Ensure driver knows exact position of all ground guides before movement.
f. Ensure the driver knows to sound horn (if tactically permitted) before backing.
g. Use a blue-screened flashlight to guide vehicle at night.
h. Ensure that vehicle does NOT open either vehicle door while backing vehicle.
2. Reconnoiter the area the vehicle will be traveling through.
a. Ensure area of travel is large enough to accommodate size of vehicle.
b. Ensure path of travel is free of obstacles that would impede movement of both ground guide
and vehicle such as:
(1) Deep gullies.
(2) Fallen trees.
(3) Submerged areas (unless known to support vehicle travel).
(4) Overhead obstructions.
(5) Steep downgrades or upgrades.
(6) Restricted areas.
c. Inform driver if any obstacles that must be negotiated or any operational precautions (use 4-
wheel drive, or low range) to take before movement.
3. Employ visual hand signals to guide vehicle movement (see Figures 3-4 through 3-23).
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a vehicle and driver, BII, and designated route during
both day and night.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to ground guide the vehicle into a designated area during day and night.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-19
Figure 3-1. One Guide
Figure 3-2. Two Guides
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-20
Figure 3-3. Three Guides
Figure 3-4. Come Ahead
Figure 3-5. Slow Down
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-21
Figure 3-6. Stop or Halt
Figure 3-7. Move in Reverse
Figure 3-8. Left Turn
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-22
Figure 3-9. Right Turn
Figure 3-10. Turn Off Engine
Figure 3-11. Increase Speed
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-23
Figure 3-12. Start Engines
Figure 3-13. As You Were
Figure 3-14. Assemble
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-24
Figure 3-15. Dismount
Figure 3-16. Mount Day Time
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-25
Figure 3-17. Mount Night Time
Figure 3-18. Attention
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-26
Figure 3-19. Ready
Figure 3-20. Extend
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-27
Figure 3-21. Close Up
Figure 3-22. Close Up and Stop
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-28
Figure 3-23. By the Flank
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Made preparations to ground guide a wheeled vehicle. —— ——
2. Reconnoitered the area the vehicle will be traveling through. —— ——
3. Employed visual hand signals to guide vehicle movement. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
FM 21-60
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-29
Operate Palletized Load System
551-721-1500
Conditions: Given a mission-ready, dispatched PLS/HEMTT LHS truck with before-operation inspections
performed, designated route to operate, hearing protection, TM, and all BII.
Standards: You have prepared the vehicle for operation by making all necessary driver adjustments;
performed all starting procedures; and operated the vehicle within its capabilities and limitations over
normal terrain, steep grades, and off-road. You have complied with all local traffic regulations and have
caused no injury to personnel or damage to vehicle during operation.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare vehicle for movement.
a. Change vehicle weight indicator as needed.
b. Install or stow foot rest.
c. Adjust driver seat.
d. Operate seat belt.
2. Operate vehicle on-road.
a. Drive. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19a, steps (1) through (29), pages 2-182 to 2-
188. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
b. Reverse. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19b, steps (1) to (19), pages 2-189 to 2-
193. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
c. Slippery conditions On road and Off road. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19c, steps
(1) to (5), pages 2-193 to 2-195. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
d. Comply with all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding the procedures in
item 2a, b, and c above.
3. Operate vehicle off-road.
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-20, steps a through s, pages 2-196 to 2-201. Refer to
subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
b. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM for this procedure.
4. Operate vehicle on steep grades.
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-21a, pages 2-202 to 2-206 for driving up moderate to
steep grades. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as needed in the TM.
b. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-21b, page 2-207 to drive down steep grades. Refer to
subsequent paragraphs as needed in the TM.
c. Adhere so all applicable WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM for this procedure.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier with a mission-ready PLS/HEMTT-LHS truck with
before-operation maintenance performed. Have a prescribed course to operate the vehicle that will allow
safe operation in maneuvering the vehicle through steep grades and on and off road.
Brief Soldier: You are required to operate the PLS/HEMTT-LHS truck over normal terrain as well as up
steep grades, down steep grades, and off-road. All preparation for operation and operation of vehicle
through the various terrain must be performed while adhering to all WARNING and CAUTION statements
and completing all required steps in the vehicle's TM. Failure to comply with the vehicle's TM with regard
to operational steps and safety will result in a NO-GO for this task. You are required to possess a valid
operator's permit or be accompanied by a licensed operator for this vehicle if you are operating in other
than a "controlled driving range."
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-30
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared vehicle for movement. —— ——
a. Changed vehicle weight indicator as need.
b. Installed or stow foot rest.
c. Installed or stow foot rest.
d. Operated seat belt.
2. Operated vehicle on-road. —— ——
a. Drive. Referred to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19a, steps (1) through
(29), pages 2-182 to 2-188. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the
TM.
b. Reverse. Referred to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19b, steps (1) to (19),
pages 2-189 to 2-193. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
c. Slippery conditions On road and Off road. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-19c, steps (1) to (5), pages 2-193 to 2-195. Refer to
subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
d. Comply with all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding
the procedures in item 2a, b, and c above.
3. Operated vehicle off-road. —— ——
a. Referred to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-20, steps a through s, pages 2-
196 to 2-201. Refer to subsequent paragraphs as noted in the TM.
b. Adhered to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM for this
procedure.
4. Operated vehicle on steep grades. —— ——
a. Referred to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-21a, pages 2-202 to 2-206 for
driving up moderate to steep grades. Referred to subsequent paragraphs as
needed in the TM.
b. Referred to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-21b, page 2-207 to drive down
steep grades. Referred to subsequent paragraphs as needed in the TM.
c. Adhered to all applicable WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM for
this procedure.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-364-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-31
Operate the Movement Tracking System (MTS)
551-721-1600
Conditions: Given a MTS Mobile Unit (V2), mounted into a tactical wheeled vehicle.
Standards: You have successfully applied power to system, completed the PLGR configuration and
system diagnostics, read, sent, and received messages, and properly shutdown the MTS mobile unit and
PLGR without injury to personnel or damage to equipment or vehicle.
Performance Steps
1. Identify MTS mobile unit (V2) components.
a. Make a visual check of the transit case (see Figure 3-24). Ensure all components are
accounted for by checking the equipment list (see Figure 3-25).
(1) V2 Transceiver (Satellite Modem) MT-2010.
(2) Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver (PLGR).
(3) Ruggedized Computer.
(4) Universal Power Adapter.
(5) Data cable.
(6) Power cable.
(7) PLGR Adapter.
Figure 3-24. V2 Transit Case Contents
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-32
Figure 3-25. Equipment List
Performance Steps
b. Ensure all cable connections are made properly and system is ready for power on (see
Figure 3-26).
(1) V2 Transceiver (Satellite Modem) MT-2010.
(a) Attach the transceiver (Term-001) to the A-Kit mounting bracket on the roof of the
vehicle.
(b) Attach the lanyard to the transceiver (Term-001).
(c) Connect the A-Kit power/data cable [A-2] to the transceiver. The power/data cable is
part of the A-Kit. It starts at the Control Box [A-1] and terminates with a connector
that attaches to the transceiver. When the transceiver is not mounted on the vehicle,
the power/data cable connector should be stowed on the A-Kit mounting bracket to
protect the cable connector.
(2) Ruggedized computer installation to the A-Kit.
(a) Attach the ruggedized computer (V2-01) to the A-Kit mounting bracket located inside
vehicle.
(b) Connect the data cable (V2-02) to J4 (COM2) that is on the bottom side of the
computer to the RS-422 port on the A-Kit's control box (A-1).
(c) Using the computer power cable (V2-03), connect port J1 on the computer to the
power port on the A-Kit's control box (A-1).
(3) V2 PLGR Installation (see Figure 3-27).
(a) Connect the military connector on the PLGR adapter cable (V2-06) to the ruggedized
computer's (V2-01) serial port (portJ3).
(b) Connect the 9-pin male connector on the PLGR adapter cable (V2-06) to the 9-pin
female connector on the PLGR cable.
(c) Connect the 15-pin female connector of the PLGR cable to the top port of the PLGR.
All ports on the PLGR can be found on the back of the device.
2. Conduct V2 configuration power on procedures.
a. Observe power indicator lights on A-Kit control box.
(1) The GREEN LED light indicates that the unit is running on auxiliary power (not vehicle)
and that terminal is fully charged.
(2) The RED LED light indicates that the A-Kit battery is running out or auxiliary power (not
vehicle). If the system is on, shutting down the ruggedized computer is recommended.
b. Turn on Control Box. Flip the power switch to ON. If connected properly, the LED lights on the
transceiver (MT-2010) will illuminate.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-33
Figure 3-26. Installation of H2 Hardware
Figure 3-27. V2 PLGR Connection
Performance Steps
c. Turn on the ruggedized computer.
(1) Press the power switch on the laptop computer. Wait for the computer to load/initialize
software.
(2) Read over security window and click OK if you agree to the terms (see Figure 3-28).
(3) When prompted, press CTRL-ALT-DEL to login.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-34
Figure 3-28. Security Warning
Performance Steps
(4) Enter username and password, and then click OK. The Windows desktop should contain
MTS Messenger and TracerLink icons.
(5) Start the MTS Messenger software to see if the cables to the computer are correctly
attached.
d. Power and configure the AN/PSN PLGR.
(1) Press the ON button.
(2) Press the menu button.
(3) Press the right arrow until SETUP is flashing.
(4) Press the up arrow until you see SETUP MODE.
(5) Press the right arrow until FIX is flashing.
(6) Press the up arrow until CONT appears.
(7) Press the right arrow until you see and up and down arrow to the left of the letter P in the
lower right of the screen.
(8) Press the up arrow until the Timer function appears in the lower part of the screen.
(9) Press the right arrow until the time value is flashing.
(10) Press the up arrow until OFF appears.
(11) Press POS.
3. Start MTS Messenger (see Figure 3-29).
a. To start MTS Messenger double-click the MTS Messenger icon located on the desktop. Users
will be prompted to select the COM port.
b. V2 users select COM 3 (J4). If you receive the following error message stating: "No response
from Terminal-Check cables", go to Section 8, Troubleshooting in the MTS User's Manual.
c. V2 users select COM 1 (J3). After successfully starting MTS Messenger, the standard display
screen also known as the command reference will appear.
d. Ensure all status blocks are displayed at bottom of screen.
e. Wait for network registration. The bumper number and transceiver ID will appear in status block
4 at the bottom when network registration completes.
f. Refer to the MTS User's Manual, version 1.9.1, Section 8, Troubleshooting when directed or as
needed.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-35
Figure 3-29. MTS Messenger Main Window
Performance Steps
4. Read messages (see Figures 3-30 and 3-31).
a. Access the read messages pull down menu by either clicking with the mouse or using the
function keys (F1 and F6).
b. Select read messages - read current or press F1 to read messages.
c. In the message received list, click the message number you wish to read (will default to the
most recent message received). The text of the message will appear in the message text field.
Click the reply button to return a message to the sender, or "done" to go back to the main
window. Use up and down arrow keys to move between messages (see Figure 3-32).
Note: If you have not received any messages, (for example, right after you started MTS Messenger) you
selected read messages - read current via the pull down menu.
Figure 3-30. Read Current Messages
Figure 3-31. Read Messages Error Message
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-36
Figure 3-32. Review Sent Messages
Performance Steps
5. Send messages.
a. To an individual unit.
(1) Select the send messages pull down menu or use the F2, F3 and F4 function keys on the
keyboard (see Figure 3-33).
(2) Send message to control station (CS) select send message - to CS or press F2 (see
Figure 3-34).
(3) Send a message to a mobile unit select send message - to mobile or press F3 Send
message to a Control Station).
(4) Choose recipient for your message by choosing a unit from select unit list. Before you
type a message, check the unit status field. This field will let you know if the intended
recipient is on line of off line. The unit location field will indicate the position of unit.
(5) Type the message into the message text field.
(6) Press send once the message is complete. Press cancel button to return to the main
window without sending. Press recall button to load the last sent message into the
message box. Press clear to clear.
(7) Go to read messages - review sent messages to see if the recipient received the
message.
Figure 3-33. Send Messages
Figure 3-34. Send Message to Control Station
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-37
Performance Steps
b. Send a message to all members of a control group (see Figure 3-35).
(1) Select send messages - to group, or press F4, to send a message to all members of the
control group, except the sender. Mobile units will only see one control group, while
control stations might be members of several control groups.
(2) Enter the text in the message text field and press the send button. Pressing recall button
will load the message box with the text from the last message sent. To close the window
without sending a message, press the cancel button. To erase any text in the message
text field press the clear button.
(3) After sending message, go to read messages - review sent messages to see if any group
members received the message.
Figure 3-35. Send Message to Control Group
6. Start TracerLink program.
a. Double-click on the TracerLink icon located on the desktop to start the TracerLink application.
TracerLink connects to the MTS Messenger program over a TCP/IP socket to receive position
data.
Note: In order for TracerLink to function, MTS Messenger must be running.
b. Identify the following program controls and indicators.
(1) Symbols (see Figure 3-36).
(a) Mobile Unit. Round symbols represent mobile units. A square lug on top of the
symbol indicates the unit is turned on and transmitting. No lug on top indicates the
unit is turned off.
(b) Control Station. Square symbols represent control stations. A square lug on top of
the symbol indicates the unit is turned on and transmitting. No lug on top indicates
the unit is turned off.
Note: A square lug at the bottom of a symbol indicated the vehicle is reporting valid GPS. If a unit is
powered on, but it not reporting valid GPS, then the location of the icon on the screen reflects the last
known position of the vehicle, and may not reflect the current position of the vehicle.
(2) Right Click Pop Up Menu. Simply right click with the mouse on the Map Viewer (see
Figure 3-37).
(3) Zoom the map. To zoom, right click on the map to show the pop up menu. Select Zoom
In or Zoom Out. Click on the map at the point you wish to become the center of the map.
The map will zoom with the point clicked becoming the new center of the map.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-38
Figure 3-36. MTS Mobile Unit and Control Station Symbols
Figure 3-37. Right Click Popup Menu
Performance Steps
(4) Change Center. Right click the mouse over the map to pop up the menu, select Change
Center. Click on the map and the map will move with the point clicked becoming the new
center of the map.
(5) Pan a Map (Move). Right click the mouse over the map to pop up the menu, select Move.
The cursor becomes a hand. Click on the map and hold down the left mouse button, then
drag the map to the desired position. When you release the mouse, the map will redraw
in the new position.
(6) Measure distance on a map. Right click on the map and then select Measure. Click and
drag the cursor from point A to point B on the map. Before releasing the button, look at
the scale display at the bottom of the map window. It displays the distance in kilometers,
nautical miles, or statute miles. Once you release the mouse, the distance measurement
will disappear (see Figure 3-38).
(7) Reset Map to Initial View. Right click on the map and select Reset.
(8) Units Changing Units of Measure. Right click on the map and select Unit. Select whether
you want the map in Kilometers, Nautical Miles or Statute Miles.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-39
Figure 3-38. Map of Measure Distance Function
Performance Steps
c. Navigate through the Server Vehicle Kit Control Window. Use the Server Vehicle Kit Control
Window (see Figure 3-39) to trace a vehicle's route, hide a vehicle or display a vehicle that was
previously hidden, or hide/display a vehicle's name and last position report time.
(1) Display the Server Kit Control Window.
(a) Method one. Right click the mouse and choose Select Vehicle on the pop up menu.
This will change your cursor into a hand with a pointed finger. Left click on the map
(with the hand) wither over a vehicle's icon or over a bare spot. If you clicked over a
vehicle's icon, the vehicle kit window will display the clicked vehicle(s) in the pane. If
you clicked over a bare spot the window will be empty.
(b) Method two. Slowly slide the cursor off the screen to the right side of the map.
When you approach the edge of the map the Kit Bar will appear (see Figure 3-40).
(2) Display information in the Server Kit Control Window.
(a) The Assignments Tab. Click on the Assignment Tab to display vehicle information in
a hierarchical fleet view (see Figure 3-41).
(b) The Selection Tab. Click on the Selection Tab to display vehicle information listed by
vehicle (see Figure 3-42).
(c) Enable Autotrack function (see Figure 3-43).
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose the Select Vehicle option from the pop up window.
3) Click on the vehicle you wish to track. The Server Vehicle Kit Control window will
open with the Selection tab containing a list of vehicles.
4) Right click on the vehicle you wish to track, select State - Track.
Note: If the vehicle you are tracking is off the map, use the Assignments tab instead of the Selection tab
to make the change.
(d) Enable Trace function (see Figure 3-44).
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose the Select Vehicle option from the pop up menu.
3) Click on the vehicle you wish to trace. The Server Vehicle Kit Control window will
open with the Selection tab containing a list of vehicles.
4) Right click on the vehicle you wish to trace, and then select Display - Trace.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-40
Figure 3-39. Server Vehicle Kit Control Window
Figure 3-40. Kit Bar
Figure 3-41. The Assignments Tab
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-41
Figure 3-42. The Selection Tab
Figure 3-43. Autotrack
Figure 3-44. Tracing a Vehicle
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-42
Performance Steps
(e) Hiding/Show and individual vehicle's name (see Figure 3-45).
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose Select Vehicle.
3) Click on the vehicle you wish to name (un-name). The Server Vehicle Kit Control
window will pop up listing the vehicles.
4) To turn the name on, right click on the name in the Server Vehicle Kit Control
window and select Display - Name.
(f) Hide/Show entire control groups (see Figure 3-46).
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose Select Vehicle.
3) Click on the map so that the Server Vehicle Kit Control window pops up.
4) Select Assignments tab. The various control groups will be listed with expandable
plus boxes next to each one.
5) Right click on a Control Group (such as 001, 002, 003, and so forth), and select All
Vehicles - Hide. If a control group is already hidden, to show it, simply select All
Vehicles Show (see Figure 3-47).
(g) Display/Hide Report Time Labels for an Individual Vehicle.
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose Select Vehicle.
3) Click on the map with the mouse so that the Server Vehicle Kit Control window
pops up.
4) Select the Assignments tab.
5) Right click on a vehicle, and select Display - Time. If the time was not previously
displayed, it will be. If the time was previously displayed, it will be turned off.
(h) Display/Hide Report Time Labels for an Entire Control Group.
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose Select Vehicle.
3) Click on the mouse so that the Server Vehicle Kit Control window pops up.
4) Select the Assignments tab.
5) Right click on the fleet name, and select All Vehicle -Time - Display or All Vehicles
- Time Hide (see Figure 3-48).
(i) Center the map on a vehicle (see Figure 3-49).
1) Right click on the map to get the pop up menu.
2) Choose select vehicle.
3) Click on the map with the mouse so that the Server Vehicle Kit Control window
pops up.
4) Select the Assignments tab.
5) Open the control group, right click on the vehicle you wish to find, and select
Center on Vehicle.
7. Perform power off procedures.
CAUTION: Improper shut down of system may result in data loss.
a. Close all applications (MTS Messenger, TracerLink Vehicle Server, TracerLink Map Viewer).
b. Click the Start button in bottom left corner of the screen.
c. Select the Shut down option.
d. Select Shut down and then click OK.
e. When "It is now safe to turn off the computer" appears on the screen, press the Power ON/OFF
button on the Control Box.
f. On the PLGR, press OFF and wait for the timer, or press the OFF button two times to power
down immediately.
CAUTION: Failure to turn off the Power ON/OFF button on the Control Box will allow the terminal to
continue operation and drain the emergency battery.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-43
Figure 3-45. Display Vehicles Name
Figure 3-46. Hide and Show Group of Vehicles
Figure 3-47. Hiding and Showing a Position
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-44
Figure 3-48. Hiding and Showing Position Report for Fleet of Vehicles
Figure 3-49. Centering the Map on a Vehicle
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Ensure that MTS mobile unit is installed in the vehicle to be used.
Provide information to the student for use in communication purposes.
Brief Soldier: You are required to ensure that all connections involved in the proper installation of the
mobile unit have been made and the unit is securely mounted. You will then be required to perform a
power on procedure followed by starting and operating the software for the system and finally, you will
perform the power off procedures. All procedures must be performed in sequence, if applicable. All
procedures and communication with other elements will be performed without injury to personnel or
damage to equipment.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Identified MTS mobile unit (V2) components. —— ——
2. Conducted V2 configuration power on procedures. —— ——
3. Started MTS Messenger. —— ——
4. Read messages. —— ——
5. Sent messages. —— ——
6. Started TracerLink program. —— ——
7. Performed power off procedures. —— ——
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-45
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
MTS USERS MANUAL
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-46
Operate the Driver's Vision Enhancer (DVE)
551-721-1650
Conditions: This task should be done during the hours of darkness or limited visibility. Soldier must be a
licensed operator for the vehicle used. Given a tactical wheeled vehicle equipped with the driver's vision
enhancer already mounted and connected, route to maneuver, and conditions of limited visibility or
darkness.
Standards: Placed the DVE into operation then safely operated the vehicle through a pre-designated
route with limited visibility while relying on the use of the driver's vision enhancer to negotiate terrain. All
maneuvers were completed without personal injury or damage to equipment or surroundings.
Performance Steps
1. Start the vehicle. Refer to the applicable vehicle TM for proper starting procedures.
2. Perform initial setup procedures.
Note: Before powering up the unit, ensure that the following control positions are as indicated in the
following steps.
WARNING: Before operating the vehicle, ensure that the DVE azimuth and elevation controls are in the
locked positions. This will ensure that the DVE is looking straight ahead when operating the vehicle.
Manually verify forward and lock position prior to operating the vehicle.
WARNING: Helmets must always be worn when driving with the DVE installed. The DVE display should
be removed from its mount when not in use for extended driving operations to minimize the risk of head
strike injuries.
a. Rotate Sensor Assembly azimuth and elevation to straight ahead and level 00 detent positions.
b. Set DVE POWER switch to OFF (down position).
c. Set VIDEO switch to SENSOR (up position).
d. Set POLARITY switch to WHT-HOT (up position).
e. With DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control turned fully ccw, rotate knob approximately ¼ turn cw.
f. Set SENSOR LEVEL and SENSOR GAIN controls to full ccw (AUTO) detent position.
3. Place DVE into operation.
a. Set POWER to ON position (up). Allow 5 minutes for system electronics to stabilize for
maximum image clarity.
b. Leave the VIDEO switch in the SENSOR (up position) for sensing input from the Sensor
Assembly to the display. For external input to display, set switch to EXT (down position) (see
Figure 3-50).
c. Adjust the seat height and/or Display module to place the display at eye level.
Note: If the display becomes degraded while driving the vehicle, such as the presence of dead pixels
and/or video noise that prevents the driver from performing his mission, then immediately bring the
vehicle to a safe stop to avoid a collision. If the problem cannot be fixed, report the situation to higher
level of maintenance.
d. Adjust the DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control until the scene brightness is suitable for operator
viewing.
e. Select either the AUTO LEVEL or the MANUAL LEVEL position.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-47
Figure 3-50. Driver Screen Display
Performance Steps
f. Adjust the SENSOR GAIN control to automatic or manual position. The AUTO GAIN mode
should normally be used while driving the vehicle.
WARNING: The AUTO LEVEL and AUTO GAIN modes do not react instantly to rapidly changing
scenery (shade to sun, sun to shade). The AUTO LEVEL and AUTO GAIN modes require one or two
seconds to compensate. The automatic gain and level features will adjust faster than manual
adjustments. If necessary, slow vehicle.
WARNING: There are two short periods each day called crossover periods or diurnal cycle when most
natural objects are about the same temperature. This is when they have cooled down at night and as
they are heating up in the early morning. Since objects are near the same temperature, there is not much
temperature difference for the DVE to use, degrading the image display quality. This is also what
happens when a heavy rain makes all natural objects close to the same temperature.
g. Set scene POLARITY switch to either WHT-HOT (up position) or BLK-HOT (down position).
h. Set azimuth position by rotating Pan/Tilt Mechanism (PTM) (see Figure 3-51
) to desired setting.
Lock azimuth-locking mechanism.
i. Set elevation position to desired position. Lock elevation-locking mechanism.
4. Maneuver vehicle while relying on DVE for terrain negotiation.
a. Operate the vehicle while monitoring the DVE screen.
b. Adjust vehicle speed as necessary while DVE is making auto adjustments to conditions.
c. Exercise increased caution when operating vehicle, using DVE for navigation.
5. Shutdown DVE.
a. Press FORWARD POSITION switch.
b. Visually verify sensor is in the straight ahead and level position.
c. Set SENSOR LEVEL and GAIN controls to full ccw (AUTO) detent position.
d. With the DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control turned fully ccw, rotate the knob approximately ¼
turn cw.
e. Set POLARITY switch to WHT-HOT (up) position.
f. Set VIDEO switch to SENSOR (up) position.
g. Set POWER switch to OFF position (down).
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-48
Figure 3-51. Pan and Tilt Mechanism
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a DVE-equipped vehicle in operational condition
and ready for operation.
Brief Soldier: You are required to prepare the vehicle for operation. You are also required to prepare the
DVE system for operation. Once both vehicle and system are operational, you are to operate the vehicle
while relying on the DVE for navigation over a designated route during periods of severe limited visibility
or at nighttime. You are to complete this task without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the vehicle. —— ——
Note: The words "NO VIDEO" will appear within a black rectangle at the top-center of
the display only if the VIDEO switch is in the EXT position or the display circuitry has
no video input. The display circuitry senses the presence of video. If the video is
absent during operation, the words "..NO VIDEO.." are indicated. If the video returns,
the words are removed, but the no video indicator bar is cleared from the display by
recycling the power switch (power off and on).
2. Performed initial setup procedures. —— ——
WARNING: Before operating the vehicle, ensure that the DVE azimuth and elevation
controls are in the locked positions. This will ensure that the DVE is looking straight
ahead when operating the vehicle. Manually verify forward and lock position prior to
operating the vehicle.
WARNING: Helmets must always be worn when driving with the DVE installed. The
DVE display should be removed from its mount when not in use for extended driving
operations to minimize the risk of head strike injuries.
a. Rotate Sensor Assembly azimuth and elevation to straight ahead and level
00 detent positions.
b. Set DVE POWER switch to OFF (down position).
c. Set VIDEO switch to SENSOR (up position).
d. Set POLARITY switch to WHT-HOT (up position).
e. With DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control turned fully ccw, rotate knob
approximately ¼ turn cw.
f. Set SENSOR LEVEL and SENSOR GAIN controls to full ccw (AUTO) detent
position.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-49
Performance Measures GO NO GO
3. Placed DVE into operation. —— ——
a. Set POWER to ON position (up).
Allow 5 minutes for system electronics to stabilize for maximum image
clarity.
b. Leave the VIDEO switch in the SENSOR (up position) for sensing input from
the Sensor Assembly to the display. For external input to display, set switch
to EXT (down position).
c. Adjust the seat height and/or Display module to place the display at eye
level.
WARNING: If the display becomes degraded while driving the vehicle, such as the
presence of dead pixels and/or video noise that prevents the driver from performing his
mission, then immediately bring the vehicle to a safe stop to avoid a collision. If the
problem cannot be fixed, report the situation to higher level of maintenance.
d. Adjust the DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control until the scene brightness is
suitable for operator viewing.
e. Select either the AUTO LEVEL or the MANUAL LEVEL position.
f. Adjust the SENSOR GAIN control to automatic or manual position. The
AUTO GAIN mode should normally be used while driving the vehicle.
WARNING: The AUTO LEVEL and AUTO GAIN modes do not react instantly to
rapidly changing scenery (shade to sun, sun to shade). The AUTO LEVEL and AUTO
GAIN modes require one or two seconds to compensate. The automatic gain and
level features will adjust faster than manual adjustments. If necessary, slow vehicle.
WARNING: There are two short periods each day called crossover periods or diurnal
cycle when most natural objects are about the same temperature. This is when they
have cooled down at night and as they are heating up in the early morning. Since
objects are near the same temperature, there is not much temperature difference for
the DVE to use, degrading the image display quality. This is also what happens when
a heavy rain makes all natural objects close to the same temperature.
g. Set scene POLARITY switch to either WHT-HOT (up position) or BLK-HOT
(down position).
h. Set azimuth position by rotating Pan/Tilt Mechanism (PTM) to desired
setting. Lock azimuth-locking mechanism.
i. Set elevation position to desired position. Lock elevation-locking
mechanism.
4. Maneuvered vehicle while relying on DVE for terrain negotiation. —— ——
a. Operate the vehicle while monitoring the DVE screen.
Adjust vehicle speed as necessary while DVE is making auto adjustments to
conditions.
5. Shutdown DVE. —— ——
a. Press FORWARD POSITION switch.
b. Visually verify sensor is in the straight ahead and level position.
c. Set SENSOR LEVEL and GAIN controls to full ccw (AUTO) detent position.
d. With the DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS control turned fully ccw, rotate the knob
approximately ¼ turn cw.
e. Set POLARITY switch to WHT-HOT (up) position.
f. Set VIDEO switch to SENSOR (up) position.
g. Set POWER switch to OFF position (down).
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-50
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 11-5855-311-12&P-2
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-51
Subject Area 5: Transport Cargo and Personnel
Load and Unload Passengers for Transport in a Truck
551-721-1386
Conditions: Given a tactical wheeled cargo vehicle equipped with troop seating, troop safety strap,
hearing protection, and passengers.
Standards: You have successfully prepared vehicle for loading, provided all passengers with the
appropriate safety briefing and rules governing transport by tactical wheeled vehicle, supervised and
assisted the loading, seating and unloading of all passengers without injury to personnel or damage to
vehicle.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare vehicle to receive passengers.
a. For standard transmissions, places gear selector in FIRST gear.
b. For automatic transmissions, places gear selector in PARK or NEUTRAL.
c. Apply parking or hand brake.
d. Shutdown engine, if running.
e. Chock vehicle wheel(s) if applicable or if not on level ground.
f. Troop seating is down and secured into position.
g. Troop safety strap is released and vehicle tailgate is lowered.
h. If under inclement weather, ensures that all canvas and bows are installed and secured
properly with end-curtain opened.
i. Ensure that cargo compartment is adequately ventilated.
2. Brief passengers on safety requirements.
a. All passengers must wear hearing protection.
b. All passengers must keep all parts of their bodies inside the vehicle at all times.
c. All passengers must remain seated while vehicle is in motion.
d. All passengers must secure their equipment and any loose items.
e. All passengers must mount and dismount from the tailgate only.
f. All passengers will not throw anything from the vehicle.
g. If equipped, all passengers must fasten seat belts.
h. In the event of and accident, all uninjured passengers must assist in moving the injured to
safety and summon medical attention.
i. Only the vehicle operator will install or remove the personnel safety strap and raise or lower the
tailgate.
j. No smoking for all occupants of a military vehicle.
k. Demonstrates safe method of mounting and dismounting vehicle cargo area.
3. Assist in loading passengers.
a. Ensure all passengers are seated properly.
b. Does not exceed passenger-seating capacity of vehicle.
4. Secure vehicle for movement.
a. Secures troop safety strap.
b. Raises and secures vehicle tailgate.
c. Secures canvas end-curtain.
d. Recovers and stows chock blocks if used.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-52
Performance Steps
5. Prepare vehicle for unloading of passengers.
a. If vehicle was moved, adhere to items 1a through 1d above.
b. Releases canvas end-curtain if used.
c. Releases troop safety strap.
d. Lowers vehicle tailgate.
e. Provides assistance as needed to unload passengers.
6. Assist in unloading passengers from vehicle.
a. Ensures passengers adhere to proper method of dismounting vehicle.
b. Ensures passengers use designated steps and hand holds on the vehicle.
7. Secure vehicle for movement.
a. Secure troop safety strap.
b. Raise and secure vehicle tailgate.
c. Secure canvas end-curtain.
d. Recover and stow chock blocks if used.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a cargo truck, passengers to be transported, and BII.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to transport passengers in a truck and arrive at destination without injuring
passengers or damaging equipment. Tell the soldier to observe all safety procedures and local traffic laws
and the make sure the vehicle's passenger capacity is not exceeded.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared vehicle to receive passengers. —— ——
2. Briefed passengers on safety requirements. —— ——
3. Assisted in loading passengers. —— ——
4. Secured vehicle for movement. —— ——
5. Prepared vehicle for unloading passengers. —— ——
6. Assisted in unloading passengers from vehicle. —— ——
7. Secured vehicle for movement. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
AR 385-55
FM 21-305
FM 55-30
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-53
Perform Tiedown Procedures
551-721-1411
Conditions: Given either a 5-ton cargo vehicle loaded with general cargo, a tractor-semitrailer
combination loaded with a vehicle payload, or a HEMTT cargo vehicle loaded with ammunition, and all
necessary basic issue items, tools, and tiedown materials capable of securing the load to the vehicle.
The vehicle or vehicle combination has been properly parked for loading/unloading operations and
chocked to prevent movement. The load has been placed onto the vehicle but has not been secured. All
necessary pre-use inspections have been performed on vehicle and/or trailer/semitrailer.
Standards: You have ensured proper placement of the load on the vehicle, inspected the tiedown
materials to be used and secured the load by properly blocking and bracing (if needed) and using the
proper tiedown configuration. The load has been inspected by supervisor or other proper authority and
deemed secure and ready for movement.
Performance Steps
1. Ensure load is properly positioned for tiedown.
a. Check configuration of general cargo load.
(1) Ensure that cargo is placed on vehicle with the heaviest items on the bottom and spread
evenly across the vehicle both longitudinally and laterally (see Figures 3-52a and 3-52b).
(2) Ensure items are not stacked too high to allow for the lowest center-of-gravity.
(3) If the load extends more than 4 feet beyond the end of the bed, ensures that a red flag
(measuring not less than 12 x 12 inch square) is attached to the load. During nighttime,
uses a red light (if tactical situation permits).
(4) Check vehicle data plate and TM to ensure that vehicle weight and cube limitations have
not been exceeded.
b. Check configuration of ammunition (on HEMTT and PLS flatrack).
(1) Ensure that cargo is placed on vehicle/flatrack with the heaviest items on the bottom and
spread evenly across the vehicle both longitudinally and laterally (see Figures 3-52c and
3-52d).
(2) Ensure items are not stacked too high to allow for the lowest center-of-gravity.
(3) Ensure that load does not extend past vehicle cargo area perimeters and that cargo truck
tailgate is raised and locked in place.
(4) Check vehicle data plate and TM to ensure that vehicle weight and cube limitations have
not been exceeded.
c. Check configuration of vehicle payload.
(1) Ensure that payload vehicle center-of-gravity is located over the desired point on the
semitrailer. Center-of-gravity marking should be legible on both sides of payload vehicle.
(2) Ensure that all shackles are on the vehicle.
CAUTION: Do not use bumperettes, axles, towing pintles, or towing hooks as points of attachment for
chains.
(3) Remove or band canvas and bows to prevent wind damage (as applicable).
(4) Protect windshield of payload vehicle if needed.
(5) Ensure that fuel tank of payload vehicle is no more than three-quarters full.
(6) Reduce payload vehicle to lowest height configuration consistent with the operational
requirement and unit SOP.
(7) Secure any materials or equipment loaded in the beds of cargo vehicles by banding,
chains or cargo straps.
(8) Remove all sensitive or pilferable items that cannot be secured.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-54
Figure 3-52a. Load Balancing
Figure 3-52b. Load Balancing (continued)
Figure 3-52c. Load Balancing (continued)
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-55
Figure 3-52d. Load Balancing (continued)
Performance Steps
2. Inspect tiedown materials.
a. Chains and load binders (used for Vehicle Payload) (see Figure 3-53). Inspect chains including
the hooks, at least once a month; inspect those that are used for heavy and continuous loading
more frequently. Give particular attention to the small radius fillets at the neck of the hooks for
any deviation from the original inner arc. Examine each link and hook for small dents and
cracks, sharp nicks and cuts, worn surfaces and distortions. Replace any of those that show
any of these weaknesses. If several links are stretched or distorted, do not use the chain; it
probably was overloaded or hooked improperly, which weakened the entire chain; inspect load
binders for structural cracks in the metal; inspect chain and hooks using same criteria sited
above; if ratchet type, ensure mechanism works freely without binding; inspect lever pivot
mechanism for excessive signs of wear or stress on pin. Do not use if any portion of the load
binders possesses any of the above signs of wear or misuse.
b. Web tiedown straps (used for general cargo and ammunition tiedown). Before each use,
straps should be inspected for burns, tears, punctures, cuts, caustic damage, oil or grease
contamination, and fraying or broken stitches. Inspect metal parts for improper operation,
corrosion, cracks, or distortion. If any of these conditions exist, the tiedown should be
replaced. They should not be used for any mode of transport if they have been damaged. No
strength testing of straps will be made.
c. Blocking and Bracing Materials (as needed, depending on platform and load). Ensure that if
needed, the materials are of a size and configuration to support the tiedown of the load. Use
4X4 materials if available. All lumber used for blocking must be free of knots and strong
enough to provide a rigid and stable support for the load en route.
3. Secure general cargo to bed of 5-ton cargo truck using web tiedown straps.
Note: Not all loads will require blocking and bracing. Blocking and bracing is used for applications
involving a partially loaded vehicle to prevent from shifting.
a. Block and brace load as needed (see Figure 3-54).
b. Attach and secure all necessary web tiedown straps.
(1) Ensure all strap hooks are completely engaged and safety latches are completely closed
around tiedown anchor point.
(2) Ensure that strap is tensioned to form at least 1-1/2 turns on the takeup spool. This is
accomplished after web-to-web contact has been made on the takeup spool (see
Figure 3-55a). To prevent movement of cargo, each tiedown must be tightened until
about equal tension is applied throughout the tiedown arrangement.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-56
Performance Steps
(3) After tensioning is completed, the takeup spool-locking latch must be checked to ensure
that it is fully seated at both ends of the spool in the matching locking notches (see
Figure 3-55b). The scuff sleeve may have to be removed to allow tightening of tiedowns.
Secure loose ends of straps by suitable means.
(4) Reinforce sharp edges of cargo with suitable materials to prevent both crushing edges of
the load when strap is tensioned and to prevent slicing into strap webbing.
Figure 3-53. Chain and Load Binder
Figure 3-54. Blocking and Bracing Sample
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-57
Figure 3-55a. Web-to-Web Contact
Figure 3-55b. Locking Latches
Performance Steps
c. Lash the load and canvas to the truck (see Figure 3-56).
Note: Load lashing is done to protect the load and prevent casual observation for sensitive items.
(1) Fasten the end of one rope to one of the front lash hooks or rings (A1).
(2) Pass the rope diagonally across the top of the load through or under the second rope
support on the opposite side (A2).
(3) Pass the rope diagonally back across the top of the load through or under the third rope
support (A3). Pull the rope tight.
(4) Continue this process until you reach the rear of the vehicle. Secure the rope.
(5) With the second rope, repeat the entire process, starting at the front lash hook or ring
(B1).
4. Secure ammunition to cargo bed of HEMTT (M977/M985) using web straps.
WARNING: Be sure side panels are completely lowered. Side panels can slide off hinge pin when
vehicle is parked on grade. Falling side panel can cause serious personal injury.
a. Block and brace the load as needed.
b. Lower cargo side panels to gain access to cargo tiedown anchors as needed.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-58
Figure 3-56. Load Lashing
Performance Steps
c. Attach all web strap tiedown to load.
(1) Ensure all strap hooks are completely engaged and safety latches are completely closed
around tiedown anchor point.
(2) Ensure that strap is tensioned to form at least 1-1/2 turns on the takeup spool. This is
accomplished after web-to-web contact has been made on the takeup spool. To prevent
movement of cargo, each tiedown must be tightened until about equal tension is applied
throughout the tiedown arrangement.
(3) After tensioning is completed, the takeup spool-locking latch must be checked to ensure
that it is fully seated at both ends of the spool in the matching locking notches. The scuff
sleeve may have to be removed to allow tightening of tiedowns. Secure loose ends of
straps by suitable means.
(4) Reinforce sharp edges of cargo with suitable materials to prevent both crushing edges of
the load when strap is tensioned and to prevent slicing into strap webbing.
d. Lash the load and canvas to the truck.
(1) Fasten the end of one rope to one of the front lash hooks or rings (A1).
(2) Pass the rope diagonally across the top of the load through or under the second rope
support on the opposite side (A2).
(3) Pass the rope diagonally back across the top of the load through or under the third rope
support (A3). Pull the rope tight.
(4) Continue this process until you reach the rear of the vehicle. Secure the rope.
(5) With the second rope, repeat the entire process, starting at the front lash hook or ring
(B1).
5. Secure ammunition to PLS flatrack using web straps (see Figure 3-57).
Note: The M1077 and M1 flatracks are applicable to this step. Web straps are used to secure boxes,
pallets, and off shaped cargo.
Note: All items, no matter how small, should be secured in place.
a. Refer to flatrack data plate for particular characteristics regarding the flatrack you are using.
b. Use small tiedown rings for cargo no heavier than 10,000 pounds.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-59
Performance Steps
c. Use large tiedown rings for cargo no heavier than 25,000 pounds.
d. Check for proper center of gravity (CG) mark on flatrack and use as basis for load positioning.
CG markings on the M1077 and M1 are different.
(1) CG for the M1077 is 106 inches from front edge of flatrack.
(2) CG for the M1 is 116 inches from front edge of flatrack.
e. Attach all web strap tiedown to load.
(1) Ensure all strap hooks are completely engaged and safety latches are completely closed
around tiedown anchor point.
(2) Ensure that strap is tensioned to form at least 1-1/2 turns on the takeup spool. This is
accomplished after web-to-web contact has been made on the takeup spool. To prevent
movement of cargo, each tiedown must be tightened until about equal tension is applied
throughout the tiedown arrangement.
(3) After tensioning is completed, the takeup spool-locking latch must be checked to ensure
that it is fully seated at both ends of the spool in the matching locking notches. The scuff
sleeve may have to be removed to allow tightening of tiedowns. Secure loose ends of
straps by suitable means.
(4) Reinforce sharp edges of cargo with suitable materials to prevent both crushing edges of
the load when strap is tensioned and to prevent slicing into strap webbing.
WARNING: Extremely hazardous handling behavior can occur if payloads near the gross load rating are
loaded such that their CG falls rearward of the longitudinal center of the flatrack.
Note: Cargo such as boxes, pallets and odd shaped cargo should be loaded as far forward and as low as
possible on the flatrack.
Figure 3-57. Tiedown on Flatrack
6. Secure payload vehicle to semitrailer using load binders and chains (general procedures applicable
to M872 semitrailers, see Figure 3-58).
a. Emplace chock blocks as necessary.
b. Adhere to all safety issues concerning chains and load binders.
(1) Failure to use load binder properly may result in serious injury or even death.
(2) Do not operate load binder while standing on the load.
(3) Move handle with caution. It may whip - keep body clear.
(4) Keep yourself out of the path of the moving handle.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-60
Performance Steps
(5) You must be familiar with state and federal regulations regarding size and number of
chain systems required for securing loads on trucks.
(6) Always consider the safety of nearby workers as well as yourself when using load binder.
(7) While under tension, load binder must not bear against an object.
WARNING: Use caution when moving around load on semitrailer. A fall from the semitrailer could cause
serious injury.
WARNING: Never use a cheater pipe or handle extender to release handle. Use a steel bar and pry
under the handle and stay out of the path of handle as it moves upward.
Figure 3-58. Vehicle Payload on M872 Semitrailer
c. Attach chains and load binders to front and rear of vehicle.
Note: It is not possible to illustrate all possible configurations in this step of tying down a vehicle on the
M872 semitrailer. The vehicle included is the M998 HMMWV, 1 ¼ ton vehicle. Similar vehicles may be
used as substitute.
d. The following restrictions apply to this procedure (NTE = Not To Exceed).
(1) Vehicle payload NTE 12,000 lbs. Use 3/8-inch chain. One chain required for each corner
of vehicle.
(2) Vehicle payload NTE 17,000 lbs. Use 3/8-inch chain. One chain for left and right front
corners of payload vehicle. Two chains required for left and right of rear corners of
vehicle.
(3) Vehicle payload NTE 19,000 lbs. Use 7/16-inch chain. One chain for each front corner of
vehicle payload. Two chains required for left and right rear corners of vehicle payload.
(4) Vehicle payload NTE 27,000 lbs. Use 7/16-inch chain. One chain for left and right front
corners of payload vehicle. Two chains required for left and right rear corners of vehicle
payload.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-61
Performance Steps
(5) Vehicle payload NTE 48,000 lbs. Use ¾-inch chains. One chain for left and right front
corners of payload vehicle. Two chains required for left and right rear corners of vehicle
payload.
(6) Vehicle payload NTE 67,000 lbs. Use ¾-inch chains. One chain for left and right front
corners of payload vehicle. Two chains required for left and right rear corners of vehicle
payload.
CAUTION: All chains are attached to the cargo tiedown rings. DO NOT use the outside stake pockets of
the semitrailer for vehicle payloads.
Note: Additional chains are required on the rear of the vehicle, because forces seen when braking are
higher than when accelerating.
e. Use only tiedown provisions on the vehicle to attach chains (refer to 1c2 above).
f. Attach load binder hooks to chains so that open part of hook throat faces upward whenever
possible. Secure load binder handle by wiring to chain.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a loaded 5-ton cargo truck, M977/M985 Cargo
HEMTT, and a loaded M915/M872 semitrailer combination, web strap tiedown materials, tiedown chains
and load binders, work gloves, and blocking and bracing materials as needed.
Brief Soldier: You are required to ensure that the load has been positioned on each vehicle according to
its capabilities and limitations and is situated so as to not cause undue wear on the vehicle by being
improperly loaded. You are required to inspect all tiedown materials and use only items that pass
inspection. You are also required to install the appropriate number of tiedown devices that will
adequately secure each load to the vehicle or semitrailer. Your supervisor, upon completion, will evaluate
your efforts.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Ensured load was properly positioned for tiedown. —— ——
2. Inspected tiedown materials. —— ——
3. Secured general cargo to bed of 5-ton cargo truck using web tiedown straps. —— ——
4. Secured ammunition to cargo bed of HEMTT (M977/M985) using web straps. —— ——
5. Secured ammunition to PLS flatrack using web straps. —— ——
6. Secured payload vehicle to semitrailer using load binders and chains. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305 TC 21-305-1
FM 5-125 TC 21-305-10
FM 55-30 TC 21-305-3
MTMCTEA 96-55-20 TC 21-305-4
TM 9-2320-260-10 TC 21-305-8
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-62
Perform Load/Unload Operations With Truck Palletized Load System (PLS) in Automatic Mode
551-721-1501
Conditions: Given an M1074/M1075 PLS Truck Tractor with before-operation performed, BII, flatrack
(loaded or unloaded), and hearing protection.
Standards: You have performed load/unloading operations using the truck tractor PLS in automatic
mode, without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Position PLS tractor for loading operation.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. LHS
reaches a height of 17 feet two inches (5.22m) with ISO container. Serious injury or death could result
from contact with electrical power lines.
a. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination before picking up or
off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath road wheels could cause serious injury or
death to personnel.
b. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and flatrack
or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
CAUTION: Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch, or damage to equipment
may result.
2. Load flatrack onto tractor.
CAUTION: Do not use Reverse (R) to back up truck while hook arm is attached to flatrack or damage to
LHS will occur.
WARNING: When loading or unloading flatracks on uneven ground (side slope or downgrades up to 10
degrees), it may be necessary to apply truck service brakes to prevent truck roll away or severe injury or
death could result.
CAUTION: If LHS overload lamp illuminates but loading operation continues, operator is cautioned that
LHS is nearing maximum capacity. In this situation operator should determine if payload is evenly
distributed on flatrack or if flatrack load exceeds 16.5 tons (14,983 kg). If any of these conditions exist,
operator must redistribute or reduce the payload or damage to equipment may occur.
a. Load must be evenly distributed on the pallet. Uneven load distribution may cause LHS
Overload indicator to give false signals and cause LHS to operate incorrectly. Damage to
equipment may result.
b. If LHS overload lamp illuminates and normal operation has stopped, return load to original
position and redistribute or reduce payload weight or equipment damage may occur.
c. Ensure that parking brake is not applied before starting load sequence or damage to equipment
may occur.
WARNING: Ensure that flatrack runners contact LHS rear rollers correctly. Failure to contact flatrack
runners correctly could result in serious injury to personnel and damage to equipment. Overload warning
light may illuminate when lifting flatrack from unusual conditions.
CAUTION: Reduce engine speed to idle before flatrack main rails contact rear rollers or damage to
flatrack may result. Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch, or damage to
equipment may result. Hydraulic selector switch must be in OFF position before driving or hydraulic
system could overheat.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-63
Performance Steps
3. Off-load flatrack from tractor.
CAUTION: Engine idle speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch, or damage to
equipment may result.
CAUTION: Ensure parking brake is not applies during unload sequence or damage to equipment may
result.
WARNING: When loading or unloading flatracks on uneven ground (side slope or down grades up to 10
degrees), it may be necessary to apply truck service brakes to prevent truck roll away or severe injury or
death could result.
a. Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. LHS
reaches a height of 17 feet, two inches (5.22 m) with ISO container. Serious injury or death
could result from contact with electrical power lines.
b. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination before picking-up or
off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath road wheels could cause serious injury or
death to personnel.
c. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and flatrack
or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
CAUTION: Check ground conditions where flatrack will be placed can support the flatrack weight or
damage to flatrack or LHS may result.
d. Ensure rail transport locking pins are disengaged before unloading flatrack. Rail transport
locking pins are used for rail transport only. Failure to comply may result in damage to
equipment. Loading and unloading times are controlled by engine speed. Engine speed can
be increased to approximately 1500 rpm to reduce loading and unloading times.
CAUTION: Once the truck's rear suspension has been relieved of a flatrack load, do not continue in
UNLOAD position as possibility or jacking up rear end with hook arm may occur and damage to
equipment may result. If flatrack is extremely light or empty, it may be necessary to place transmission
range selector to Drive (D) to allow truck to move our from under flatrack.
CAUTION: Never drive with NO TRANS light illuminated.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Place a PLS Truck with flatrack (loaded or unloaded) on level ground
with room to maneuver the vehicle as needed for the operation. Include all vehicle BII, hearing
protection, and provide guidance to the soldier.
Brief Soldier: You are required to load and then off-load the flatrack (loaded or unloaded) onto/from the
PLS truck in the automatic mode. You are to follow all steps identified in the reference -10 series TM. All
steps are to be performed without injury to personnel or damage to equipment. You are to start the
operation with the flatrack on the ground.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Positioned PLS tractor for loading operation. —— ——
2. Loaded flatrack onto tractor. —— ——
3. Off-loaded flatrack from tractor. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-364-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-64
Transfer Flatrack Onto/From Palletized Load System (PLS) Trailer Using the Load Handling
System (LHS)
551-721-1503
Conditions: Given a PLS Truck Tractor with flatrack, PLS trailer both with before-operation PMCS
performed, hearing protection, and an area to maneuver vehicle with trailer.
Standards: You have successfully transferred flatrack from truck to trailer then back to truck without
injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Position truck and trailer for loading/unloading operation.
WARNING: Prior to and during load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and flatrack
or serious injury or death could result. Trailer wheels must be chocked during transfer operations or
serious injury or death could result.
CAUTION: Ensure that trailer drawbar is down against the ground during transfer operation or damage to
equipment may result.
a. Ensure air lines and cables are properly stowed to prevent damage to equipment (TM 9-2330-
385-14).
b. Both the trailer bumper points must be under the truck bumper stop flange and at least one of
the bumper points must contact the bumper stop. The trailer bumper point not contacting the
truck bumper stop cannot exceed 0.5 inches (12.7 mm) or flatrack will miss main rail guides
and equipment damage may result.
WARNING: When operating PLS truck with PLS trailer, the heaviest loaded flatrack must always be
placed on the truck, otherwise adverse handling and/or braking may result, causing injury or death to
personnel.
2. Load flatrack onto PLS trailer (automatic mode).
CAUTION: Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch or damage to equipment
may result.
Note: Do not move truck forward more than three inches (76.2 mm) to prevent flatrack from pulling away
from stops.
WARNING: Never drive with NO TRANS light illumination. An illuminated light means LHS is not fully
stowed. The load could break loose causing serious injury or death to personnel.
CAUTION: Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch or damage to equipment
may result.
Note: Hook arm does not need to be fully stowed if more transfer operations are going to be made.
a. Hydraulic selector switch must be in OFF position before driving or hydraulic system can
overheat causing damage to equipment.
b. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-26f (11) through (32), pages 2-220 to 2-224.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-65
Performance Steps
3. Unload flatrack from trailer (automatic mode).
CAUTION: Load must be evenly distributed on flatrack pallet. Uneven load distribution may cause LHS
overload indicator to give false signals and cause LHS to operate incorrectly. Damage to equipment may
result.
a. There must be sufficient pressure in trailer air system to retract locks or damage to flatrack can
occur while attempting to load flatrack or trailer. If not, use truck to charge trailer air system
using trailer air charging hose. If air system cannot retract flatrack, use manual flatrack lock
retract procedures.
b. Ensure that trailer drawbar is down against the ground during transfer operation or damage to
equipment may result.
c. Ensure air lines and cables are properly stowed to prevent damage to equipment (TM 9-2330-
385-14).
d. Ensure both flatrack locks are fully retracted or damage to equipment may result.
4. Load flatrack onto trailer (manual mode).
WARNING: Trailer wheels must be chocked during transfer operations.
CAUTION: Ensure that trailer drawbar is down against the ground during transfer operations or damage
to equipment may result.
a. Ensure air lines and cables are properly stowed to prevent damage to equipment.
b. Both of the trailer bumper points must be under the truck bumper stop flange and at least one
of the bumper points must contact the bumper stop. The trailer bumper point not contacting the
truck bumper stop cannot exceed 0.5 inches (12.7 mm) or flatrack will miss main rail guides
and equipment damage may result.
c. Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch or damage to equipment
may result.
5. Unload flatrack from PLS trailer (manual mode).
CAUTION: There must be sufficient pressure in trailer air system to retract locks or damage to flatrack
can occur while attempting to load flatrack or trailer. If not, use truck to charge trailer air system using
trailer air charging hose. If air system cannot retract flatrack, use manual flatrack lock retract procedures.
a. Ensure that air lines and cables are properly stowed to prevent damage to equipment.
b. Ensure that trailer drawbar is down against the ground during transfer operations or damage to
equipment may result.
c. Ensure both flatrack locks are fully retracted or damage.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. If
LHS reaches a height of CAUTION, there must be sufficient pressure in trailer air system to retract locks
or damage to flatrack can occur while attempting to load flatrack or trailer. If not, use truck to charge
trailer air system using trailer air charging hose. If air system cannot retract flatrack, use manual flatrack
lock retract procedures.
d. Ensure that air lines and cables are properly stowed to prevent damage to equipment.
e. Ensure that trailer drawbar is down against the ground during transfer operations or damage to
equipment may result.
f. Ensure both flatrack locks are fully retracted or damage.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. LHS
reaches a height of 17 feet, two inches (5.22 m) with ISO container. Serious injury or death could result
from contact with electrical power lines.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-66
Performance Steps
g. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and flatrack
or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
h. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination before picking-up or
off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath road wheels could cause serious injury or
death to personnel.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Position a PLS truck tractor with flatrack and PLS trailer on level, hard
ground for operation. Provide hearing protection and guidance on what the soldier is required to do.
Brief Soldier: You are required to load then unload the PLS flatrack to and from the PLS trailer both in the
automatic and manual modes.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Positioned truck and trailer for loading/unloading operation. —— ——
2. Loaded flatrack onto PLS trailer (automatic mode). —— ——
3. Unloaded flatrack from trailer (automatic mode). —— ——
4. Loaded flatrack onto trailer (manual mode). —— ——
5. Unloaded flatrack from PLS trailer (manual mode). —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-364-10 TC 21-305-10
TM 9-2330-385-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-67
Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations in Manual Mode
551-721-1504
Conditions: Given a Truck Tractor PLS with flatrack with before-operation performed, hearing protection,
and solid level ground to maneuver.
Standards: You have successfully loaded and unloaded the flatrack onto/from the PLS truck without
injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Position PLS truck for loading/unloading operations.
CAUTION: To avoid equipment damage, ensure that hook arm cylinders do not complete full extension
while operating at engine speeds above idle.
CAUTION: Manual mode is used mainly in event of a failure of control electrical system. Greater care
must be exercised during operation of MANUAL mode for correct cycle of events to occur or damage to
equipment may result.
a. Change truck weight indicator to reflect load weight to be uploaded.
b. Adjust driver seat and controls as necessary.
c. Ensure vehicle fuel level is sufficient for mission. Refuel as needed.
d. Operate lights according to tactical situation.
e. Start vehicle. Normal starting procedures (see TM 9-2320-364-10 for details if necessary).
f. Check vehicle gauges, and warning buzzers for proper indication.
g. Operate service brakes and hand brakes as necessary.
(1) Ensure brake air pressure gauge reads 100 psi for proper operation of brake system.
(2) Operate trailer brakes as necessary.
h. Select proper gear range using transmission range selector.
i. Position vehicle for uploading operations.
(1) If available, always use a ground guide (1 or more) to maneuver vehicle into position.
(2) Chock vehicle wheels.
(3) Set parking brake as required.
(4) Prepare Load handling system for uploading.
2. Load flatrack onto PLS truck.
a. Set the transmission range selector to Reverse (R) and back truck up to the flatrack. Stop
approximately 5 feet (1.5 meters) from hook-bar. Check for overhead obstructions and firmness
of ground.
b. Apply the service brake pedal and set transmission range selector to Neutral (N).
CAUTION: To avoid equipment damage, ensure that hook arm cylinders do not complete full extension
while operating at engine speeds above idle.
CAUTION: Manual mode is used mainly in event of a failure of control electrical system. Greater care
must be exercised during operation of MANUAL mode for correct cycle of events to occur or damage to
equipment may result.
c. Turn the hydraulic selector switch to MAN H.A.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. LHS
reaches a height of 17 feet, 2 inches (5.22 meters) with ISO container. Serious injury or death could
result from contact with electrical power lines. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme
sideways inclination before picking-up or off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath road
wheels could cause serious injury or death to personnel.
WARNING: Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and
flatrack or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-68
Performance Steps
d. Move joystick to UNLOAD and hold until hook arm cylinders are fully extended.
e. Release joystick.
CAUTION: Engine speed must be at idle before using hydraulic selector switch, or damage to equipment
may result. To avoid equipment damage, ensure that mainframe cylinders do not complete full extension
while operating at engine speeds above idle. Manual mode is used mainly in event of a failure of control
electrical system. Greater care must be exercised during operation of MANUAL mode for correct cycle of
events to occur or damage to equipment may result. If LHS had previously been used in Manual Mode
and not completely stowed in Auto Mode, the hook arm cylinders must be completely extended or the
LHS must be completely stowed using Auto Mode before the flatrack can be loaded. Failure to comply
may result in damage to the truck and flatrack.
f. Turn hydraulic selector switch to MAN M.F.
g. Move joystick to UNLOAD and hold until lift-hook has moved below level of flatrack hook-bar.
h. Apply service brake pedal and set transmission range selector to Reverse (R) and back truck
up to flatrack, aligning truck and flatrack as straight as possible with lift-hook to the middle of
hook-bar.
i. Stop truck when lift-hook touches flatrack.
j. Leave truck in reverse gear with engine at idle.
Note: Ensure parking brake is not applied during unload sequence or damage to equipment may result.
Do not use Reverse (R) to back up truck while hook arm is attached to flatrack or damage to LHS will
occur.
k. Move joystick to LOAD to engage lift-hook and hook-bar.
l. If lift-hook fails to engage hook-bar:
(1) Release joystick.
(2) Set transmission range selector to Drive (D), release service brake pedal and move truck
forward just clear of flatrack.
(3) Move joystick to UNLOAD until lift-hook is below level of hook-bar.
(4) Repeat steps j through k.
Note: When loading or unloading flatracks on uneven ground (side slope or downgrades up to 10
degrees) it may be necessary to apply truck service brakes to prevent truck roll away, or severe injury or
death could result. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS
and flatrack or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
m. Set transmission range selector to Neutral and release service brake pedal.
Note: If LHS overload lamp illuminates but loading operation continues, operator is cautioned that LHS is
nearing maximum capacity. In this situation operator should determine if payload is evenly distributed on
flatrack or if flatrack load exceeds 16.5 tons (14,969 kg). If any of these conditions exist, operator must
redistribute or reduce payload or damage to equipment may result. Ensure that parking brake is not
applied before starting load sequence or damage to equipment may result.
n. Move joystick to LOAD, allowing truck to be pulled under flatrack.
CAUTION: Ensure that flatrack runners contact LHS rear rollers correctly. Failure to contact flatrack
runners correctly could result in serious injury or death to personnel and damage to equipment
o. Before flatrack contacts rear rollers, reduce engine speed and apply service brake pedal.
p. Release the joystick. Set hydraulic selector switch to MAN H.A.
q. Move the joystick to LOAD until flatrack is approximately 2 feet (0.61 m) off the ground.
Release joystick.
r. Set the hydraulic selector switch to MAN M.F. operations.
s. After flatrack contacts rear rollers, increase engine speed to approximately 1500 rpm until main
frame cylinders have nearly completed full retraction.
t. Reduce engine speed to idle and continue loading until main frame cylinders are fully retracted.
u. Release the joystick.
v. Turn the hydraulic selector switch to MAN H.A.
w. Move the joystick to LOAD position and increase engine speed until flatrack is nearly loaded,
then reduce speed to idle.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-69
Performance Steps
x. Continue to load until LHS and flatrack is in transit position. LHS NO TRANS light will
extinguish.
y. Release joystick.
z. Apply parking brakes.
aa. Inspect that load locks have engaged and flatrack is fully down on truck. Turn the hydraulic
selector switch to MAN TRANS.
Note: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting LHS operation. LHS
reaches a height of 17 feet, two inches (5.22 m) with ISO container. Serious injury or death could result
from contact with electrical power lines.
Note: Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination before picking-up or off-
loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath road wheels could cause serious injury or death to
personnel.
Note: Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear of LHS and flatrack or
serious injury or death could result to personnel.
3. Offload flatrack from PLS truck.
a. Check for sufficient operating room at front and rear of truck. Check overhead clearance and
ground conditions.
b. Apply the service brake pedal and set transmission range selector to Neutral (N).
c. Turn the hydraulic selector switch to MAN H.A.
d. Move the joystick to UNLOAD until hook arm cylinders have fully extended. Maintain engine
speed at idle for approximately the first 18 inches (46 cm) and last 6 inches (15 cm) of
movement.
e. Release the joystick.
f. Turn the hydraulic selector switch to MAN M.F.
g. Move the joystick to UNLOAD.
h. When back edge of flatrack touches ground, release service brake pedal allowing truck to be
pushed straight from under flatrack.
i. Continue off-loading until front of flatrack is within 8 inches (203.2 cm) of ground, decrease
engine speed to idle and apply service brake pedal.
j. Continue off-loading until flatrack is on ground and rear suspension is unloaded.
k. Release joystick.
l. Set transmission range selector to Drive (D) and release service brake pedal.
m. Move the joystick to LOAD momentarily and then to UNLOAD to let lift-hook disengage from
hook-bar. Repeat Step until lift-hook disengages.
n. Move the truck forward approximately 5 feet (1.5 meters).
o. Stop the truck and set the transmission range selector to Neutral (N).
p. Move the joystick to LOAD and hold in this position until mainframe cylinders are fully retracted.
q. Turn the hydraulic selector switch to MAN H.A.
r. Hold the joystick in LOAD position until the hook arm cylinders are fully retracted.
s. Release joystick.
4. Shutdown engine.
a. Park the truck.
(1) Lift foot off of the throttle control. Let transmission automatic downshift slow truck.
(2) Push down on the service brake pedal until truck comes to complete stop.
(3) Pull out the PARKING BRAKE control.
(4) Press transmission range selector button to Neutral (N).
(5) Align the front tires in straight-ahead position.
(6) Chock wheels.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-70
Performance Steps
b. Shutdown engine.
(1) Push down and hold throttle control until tachometer reads 800 to 1000 rpm.
(2) Run engine at 800 to 1000 rpm for three to five minutes.
(3) Lift foot off throttle control.
(4) Turn engine OFF/ON/START switch to OFF.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier with a PLS truck with PLS flatrack with before-
operation PMCS completed, BII, hearing protection, and solid level ground to maneuver.
Brief Soldier: The soldier is required to load and then unload a flatrack onto/from the PLS truck using the
manual mode. All required steps are to be performed in accordance with the PLS TM without injury to
personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Positioned PLS truck for loading/unloading operations. —— ——
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19, pages 2-161 and 2-162 for
applicable steps in this procedure.
WARNING: Do not park truck on steep grades. Serious injury to personnel could
result.
b. Rapid operation repeatedly of service brakes will consume compressed air
supply and cause automatic spring brake application. Failure to follow
proper service brake operating procedures may cause serious injury or
death to personnel.
CAUTION: Before shutting down engine, increase tachometer to 800-1000 rpm at no-
load for three to five minutes to allow turbocharger to slow down and cool off.
Turbocharger may be damaged if not allowed to cool off.
2. Loaded flatrack onto PLS truck. —— ——
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-26d(3) to (25), 2-204 to 2-211 for
applicable steps for this procedure.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting
LHS operation. LHS reaches a height of 17 feet, two inches (5.22 m) with ISO
container. Serious injury or death could result from contact with electrical power lines.
b. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination
before picking-up or off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath
road wheels could cause serious injury or death to personnel.
c. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear
of LHS and flatrack or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
d. Overload warning light will come on when hook arm cylinders are fully
extended and joystick is activated.
e. Loading and unloading times are controlled by engine speed. Engine speed
can be increased to 1500 rpm to reduce loading and unloading times.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-71
Performance Measures GO NO GO
3. Offloaded flatrack from PLS truck. —— ——
CAUTION: Manual mode is used mainly in event of a failure of control electrical
system. Greater care must be exercised during operation or MANUAL mode for
correct cycle of events to occur or damage to equipment may result.
WARNING: Check for overhead power lines or other obstructions before attempting
LHS operation. LHS reaches a height of 17 feet, two inches (5.22 m) with ISO
container. Serious injury or death could result from contact with electrical power lines.
a. Check ground conditions for firmness and extreme sideways inclination
before picking-up or off-loading a flatrack. Any ground instability beneath
road wheels could cause serious injury or death to personnel.
b. Prior to and during any load or unload cycle, all personnel should stay clear
of LHS and flatrack or serious injury or death could result to personnel.
CAUTION: Reduce speed to idle in last 12 inches (30 cm) of travel to prevent damage
to cylinder.
c. To avoid equipment damage, ensure that hook arm cylinders do not
complete full extension while operating at engine speed above idle.
d. Ensure transport locking pins are disengaged before unloading flatrack. Rail
transport locking pins are used for rail transport only. Failure to comply may
result in damage to equipment.
4. Shutdown engine. —— ——
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-19, pages 2-161 and 2-162 for
applicable steps in this procedure.
WARNING: Do not park truck on steep grades. Serious injury to personnel could
result.
b. Rapid operation repeatedly of service brakes will consume compressed air
supply and cause automatic spring brake application. Failure to follow
proper service brake operating procedures may cause serious injury or
death to personnel.
CAUTION: Before shutting down engine, increase tachometer to 800-1000 rpm at no-
load for three to five minutes to allow turbocharger to slow down and cool off.
Turbocharger may be damaged if not allowed to cool off.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-364-10 TC 21-305-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-72
Conduct Loading/Unloading Operations Using Container Handling Unit (CHU)
551-721-1505
Conditions: Given a PLS tractor equipped with the CHU, a container to be loaded (either of a 82, 72, 51,
or 48 inch tall), hearing protection, vehicle TM (-10 series), and assistance from others as needed.
Standards: You have safely and successfully loaded and unloaded a container using the Container
Handling Unit (CHU) without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare PLS truck for container mode.
Note: This task is abbreviated and all steps and performance measures required are referred to in the
applicable reference publication. Due to the considerable length of this operation, all actions to be
performed and evaluated are to be taken directly from the reference publication sited in each step. This
allows for more technical content. All WARNING and CAUTION statements list in the TM MUST be
adhered to.
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-32 for all performance steps for this task.
b. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements listed in the reference publication while
performing this operation.
2. Load container onto a PLS truck using the CHU.
a. For container 82 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-33a
pages 2-405 to 2-503.
b. For container 72 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-34a
pages 2-444 to 2-470.
c. For container 51 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-35a
pages 2-487 to 2-513.
d. For container 48 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-36a
pages 2-532 to 2-555.
e. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM applicable to this procedure.
3. Unload a container (82, 72, 51, or 48 inches tall) from a PLS truck using the CHU.
a. For container 82 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-33b
pages 2-430 to 2-430 to 2-443.
b. For container 72 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-34b
pages 2-470 to 2-486.
c. For container 51 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-35b
pages 2-514 to 2-531.
d. For container 48 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraph 2-36b
pages 2-556 to 2-569.
e. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM applicable to this procedure.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a PLS or HEMTT-LHS truck tractor, CHU, ISO
container, hearing protection, work gloves, and assistance from ground guides. Ensure vehicle and
container are positioned on solid level ground.
Brief Soldier: You are required to perform all operational steps involved in the loading and unloading of
an ISO container on your vehicle. You are required to properly install the container handling unit, prepare
and position the vehicle for loading and unloading operations. You are required to perform this operation
without injuring anyone or causing damage to any of the equipment. A ground guide will assist you as
needed but will not interfere with your operation or provide any technical assistance. Any unsafe act is
cause for NO-GO.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-73
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared PLS truck for container mode. —— ——
a. Refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10, paragraphs 2-32 and 2-381
through 2-404.
b. Adhere to all Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM applicable
to this step.
2. Loaded container onto a PLS truck using the CHU. —— ——
a. For container 82 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-33a, pages 2-405 to 2-503.
b. For container 72 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-34a, pages 2-444 to 2-470.
c. For container 51 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-35a, pages 2-487 to 2-513.
d. For container 48 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-36a, pages 2-532 to 2-555.
e. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM applicable to this
procedure.
3. Unloaded a container (82, 72, 51, or 48 inches tall) from a PLS truck using the
CHU.
—— ——
a. For container 82 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-33b, pages 2-430 to 2-430 to 2-443.
b. For container 72 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-34b, pages 2-470 to 2-486.
c. For container 51 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-35b, pages 2-514 to 2-531.
d. For container 48 inches tall, refer to and comply with TM 9-2320-364-10,
paragraph 2-36b, pages 2-556 to 2-569.
e. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM applicable to this
procedure.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-364-10 TC 21-305-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-74
Conduct Container Roll-In/Roll-Out Platform (CROP) Load/Unload Operations
551-721-1507
Conditions: Given a mission-ready PLS/HEMTT-LHS truck and a CROP with before operational
inspection performed and area to perform operation, and hearing protection and ground guide.
Special Conditions: Operator should have a valid driver's license or be accompanied by a licensed driver
or perform operation in a controlled driving range under direct supervision of a licensed driver/instructor.
During insertion procedure, at least one ground guide is required.
Standards: You have operated the PLS/HEMTT-LHS truck in loading/unloading operations involving the
Container Roll-on/Roll-off Platform (CROP). All functions of the operations were performed without injury
to personnel or damage to vehicle or equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Load ISO container.
a. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this procedure.
b. Refer to TM 9-3990-260-14&P, paragraph 2-16a, steps (1) through (23), pages 2-31 to 2-38 for
applicable procedures in loading ISO container. Refer to subsequent paragraphs if directed, as
needed in the TM.
2. Unload ISO container.
a. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this procedure.
b. Refer to TM 9-3990-260-14&P, paragraph 2-16b, steps (1) through (11), pages 2-39 to 2-41 for
applicable procedures in unloading ISO container. Refer to subsequent paragraphs if directed,
as needed in the TM.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier with a PLS or HEMTT-LHS truck, CROP, ISO
container, ground guide, BII from vehicle, and area for operation.
Brief Soldier: You are required to conduct loading and unloading operations involving a single or stack
(maximum 6) CROP. You are to use the PLS or HEMTT-LHS vehicle to perform this operation. You are
to observe and follow the hand and arm signals of your ground guide to prevent an unsafe situation from
developing. You are to insert the CROP(s) into the ISO container, secure the load, and close the doors.
Afterwards, you are to remove the CROP(s) from the ISO container and position, as designated by the
supervisor. You are to complete this operation without injury to personnel or damage to any equipment.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Loaded ISO container. —— ——
2. Unloaded ISO container. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-3990-260-14&P FM 21-305
TC 21-305-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-75
Subject Area 6: Adverse Terrain Operations
Operate Cargo Vehicle on Secondary Roads/Trails/Cross-country
551-721-1360
Conditions: Given a cargo vehicle with before-operation preventive maintenance checks performed,
hearing protection, and designated route over secondary roads/trails or cross-country.
Standards: You must safely operate a vehicle through various terrain conditions without injury to
personnel or damage to equipment and without getting stuck.
Performance Steps
1. Start engine.
2. Operate vehicle through shallow ditches.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Place transmission shift lever into first gear.
d. Steer vehicle toward the ditch so that one wheel on an axle will leave the ditch as the other
wheel on the same axle enters it.
3. Operate vehicle through deep ditches.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check terrain for obstructions.
c. Cut away both sides of ditch, if necessary.
d. Place transfer shift lever into all-wheel drive (if applicable).
e. Place vehicle into lowest forward gear and four-wheel drive (if applicable).
f. Approach the ditch at an angle.
g. Accelerate the vehicle enough to keep it rolling as it goes up the other side.
4. Operate vehicle through gullies and ravines.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Place transmission shift lever into first gear.
d. Ease the front wheel over at a right angle to the edge of the ravine.
e. Steer a straight course so that both front wheels strike the bottom at the same time.
f. Accelerate enough so the vehicle can climb up the opposite bank.
5. Operate vehicle through wooded area.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Remove the tarp and bows, as required.
d. Place transmission shift lever into first gear.
e. Maneuver around obstructions.
6. Operate vehicle through rocky terrain.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Drive slowly, choosing route while advancing.
d. Remove stones between dual tires as often as required.
7. Operate vehicle through streams (fording).
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Check the stream for depth and firm support.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-76
Performance Steps
d. Place transfer shift lever into low range/all-wheel drive.
e. Place the transmission shift lever into first gear.
f. Drive through water, without shifting unless absolutely necessary.
g. Dry the brakes.
(1) Select a dry, level stretch of terrain.
(2) Apply the brakes a few times with a light steady pressure to obtain normal braking.
8. Operate vehicle through swamps and mud.
a. Stop the vehicle.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Engage low-range/all-wheel drive.
d. Place transmission shift lever into first gear.
e. Drive through the area maintaining a steady speed.
9. Shut down engine and perform after-operation PMCS.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier a vehicle with cross-country capability. Brief Soldier:
Tell the soldier to operate the vehicle through varying terrains without injuring personnel or damaging
equipment and without getting stuck.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the engine. —— ——
2. Operated vehicle through shallow ditches. —— ——
3. Operated vehicle through deep ditches. —— ——
4. Operated vehicle through gullies and ravines. —— ——
5. Operated vehicle through wooded area. —— ——
6. Operated vehicle through rocky terrain. —— ——
7. Operated vehicle through streams (fording). —— ——
8. Operated vehicle through swamps and mud. —— ——
9. Shut down engine and performed after-operation PMCS. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-77
Operate Vehicle With Semitrailer on Secondary Roads/Trails/Cross-country
551-721-1368
Conditions: Given a tractor with semitrailer with before-operation maintenance performed, hearing
protection, as needed, and area to maneuver.
Standards: You have safely operated a tractor with semitrailer through varying terrain conditions, which
include but are not limited ditches, gullies and ravines, wooded areas, rocky terrain, streams, and
swamps and mud without injuring personnel, damaging the tractor or semitrailer, physical surroundings
and without getting mired.
Performance Steps
1. Drive tractor with semitrailer through shallow and deep ditches.
a. Shallow ditches.
(1) Stop the tractor.
(2) Check the terrain for obstructions.
(3) Place the transmission shift lever into first gear.
(4) Steer the tractor toward the ditch so that one wheel on the axle will leave the ditch as the
other wheel on the same axle enters it.
b. Deep ditches.
(1) Stop the tractor.
(2) Check the terrain for obstructions.
(3) Cut away sides of the ditch, if necessary.
(4) Place the transfer shift lever into all-wheel drive (if applicable).
(5) Place the tractor into its lowest forward gear and four-wheel drive (if applicable).
(6) Approach the ditch at an angle.
(7) Accelerate the tractor enough to keep it rolling as it goes up the other side.
2. Drive tractor with semitrailer through gullies and ravines.
a. Stop the tractor.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Place the transmission shift lever into 1st gear.
d. Ease the front wheel over the edge and into the ravine.
e. Steer a straight course so that both front wheels strike the bottom at the same time.
f. Accelerate enough so that the tractor can climb up the opposite bank.
3. Drive tractor with semitrailer through wooded area.
a. Stop the tractor.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Remove the tarp and bows, as necessary.
d. Place the transmission shift lever in first gear.
e. Maneuver around obstructions.
4. Drive tractor with semitrailer through rocky terrain.
a. Stop the tractor.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Drive slowly choosing route while advancing.
d. Remove stones from between dual tires as required.
5. Drive tractor with semitrailer through streams (fording).
a. Stop the tractor.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Check the stream for depth and firm support.
d. Place the transfer shift lever into low range/all-wheel drive.
e. Place the transmission shift lever into first gear.
f. Drive through water, not shifting unless absolutely necessary.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-78
Performance Steps
6. Dry the brakes.
a. Select a dry level stretch of terrain.
b. Apply the brakes a few times to obtain normal braking.
c. Drive a slow speed maintaining a light steady pressure on the brake pedal to cause a slight
drag.
7. Drive tractor with semitrailer through swamps and mud.
a. Stop the tractor.
b. Check the terrain for obstructions.
c. Engage low range/all-wheel drive.
d. Place the transmission shift lever into first gear.
e. Drive through the area maintaining a steady speed.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the soldier with a tractor and semitrailer and an area with side
roads and unimproved roads.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to safely drive the tractor with semitrailer on side roads and unimproved
roads without damaging the tractor and semitrailer or physical surroundings and without getting stuck.
Driving maneuvers must be performed without injuring personnel.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Drove tractor with semitrailer through shallow and deep ditches. —— ——
2. Drove tractor with semitrailer through gullies and ravines. —— ——
3. Drove tractor with semitrailer through wooded area. —— ——
4. Drove tractor with semitrailer through rocky terrain. —— ——
5. Drove tractor with semitrailer through streams (fording). —— ——
6. Dried the brakes. —— ——
7. Drove tractor with semitrailer through swamps and mud. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
FM 55-30
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-79
Subject Area 7: Motor Vehicle Tactical Operations
Operate Vehicle Under Adverse Conditions
551-721-1361
Conditions: Given a vehicle with before-operation maintenance performed and an area with snow-
covered and icy surfaces.
Standards: You must start the vehicle engine using cold weather starting procedures according to
appropriate TM. You must safely operate the vehicle following traffic regulations and rules of the road.
You must have full control of the vehicle at all times. All driving maneuvers must be made without
damaging the vehicle or physical surroundings and without injuring personnel.
Performance Steps
1. Operate vehicle in rain.
CAUTION: Road surfaces are especially slick just after a rain or drizzle begins. Loosed grease and oil
mix with raindrops, quickly covering the surface with a slippery film.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of weather or terrain (as necessary). Watch for
indicator lamp showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
(1) Recognizes that the M1078/1083 and M939 series vehicle CTIS starts automatically when
engine is started and adjusts pressure to highway mode.
(2) Start CTIS on M1074/1075 PLS trucks by:
(a) Pressing and holding start button on the controller for approximately 1 second to
activate.
(b) Observe green lights on controller to check system operation.
b. Accelerate moderately.
c. Reduce speed as necessary for conditions.
d. Moderately apply the brakes when slowing down.
e. Make no quick turns.
f. Allow at least twice the normal following distance.
g. Do not pump the brakes (ABS only).
h. Hold the brake pedal down and let the ABS system work.
i. During emergencies, steer and brake at the same time (ABS only).
j. Release enough pressure on the brakes to get the vehicle rolling again to regain steering (front
ABS only).
k. Recover from skid by:
(1) Staying off the brakes.
(2) Turning quickly. Turn the steering wheel in the direction you want the vehicle to go. This
lines the front of the vehicle up with the back.
(3) Countersteer-turn back the other way. As soon as the vehicle begins to straighten out,
turn the wheel back the other way so that the vehicle will not turn too far.
(4) Continue to correct you steering left and right until your recover from the skid.
(5) Turn back to straight ahead.
2. Operate vehicle in sand.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain, watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Select a gear or range that will start you with a minimum of, or no clutch slippage (manual
transmission) and wheel spinning.
c. Accelerate slowly.
d. Maintain a steady and even rate of movement.
e. Avoid unnecessary shifting of gears (manual transmission).
f. Anticipate difficult spots and bypass if possible.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-80
Performance Steps
g. Approach a dune from the windward side slope at a 90-degree angle.
h. Follow the track of preceding vehicle or break a new path depending on conditions.
i. Make wide turns.
j. Let your vehicle roll to a halt is practicable.
k. Attempt to stop on a downhill slope.
3. Operate vehicle in muddy or swampy terrain.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Select gear or range that will allow steady progress through the area.
c. Carefully maintain steady throttle until you reach solid ground.
4. Operate vehicle through streams.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Follow the applicable steps provided in the vehicle TM for fording streams.
c. Check the bottom to see how firm a support can be expected.
d. Keep the cab door open when crossing frozen streams.
e. After reaching dry land, test brakes at a reduced speed by:
(1) Lightly applying and releasing brakes until normal braking is restored (Non ABS only).
(2) Apply light steady pressure on brakes until normal braking is restored (ABS only).
5. Operate vehicle in snow.
a. Start the vehicle using cold weather starting procedures referenced in the applicable vehicle
TM.
b. Turn on vehicle cab heater and adjust to defrost position to clear windows while engine is
warming up.
c. Remove ice and snow from windows.
d. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
e. Place vehicle into motion by following general operating procedures in the applicable vehicle
TM under "operation under unusual conditions."
f. Begin movement in second or third gear (manual transmission) rather than first of low. Engage
clutch gradually to prevent wheel spin.
g. For automatic-transmission-vehicles use D2 range and gradually apply throttle.
h. Avoid quick acceleration.
i. Drive at reduced speed for better control and safer stops.
j. Display turn signals earlier than usual (if tactical situation permits).
k. Maintain at least double the normal following distance from the vehicle ahead.
l. Pump brakes to give early warning to those following of your intention to stop (Non ABS).
m. Apply steady brake pressure earlier when stopping for warn others of your intentions (ABS
only).
n. Descend moderate grades in the gear normally used to climb the same grade.
6. Operate vehicle on rocky terrain.
Note: If may be necessary to post a ground guide in front of vehicle to assist in navigating extremely
rocky terrain.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Follow any applicable steps in the applicable TM under "operation under unusual conditions."
c. Do not straddle large boulders.
d. Move very slowly when driving over rocky terrain.
e. Upon leaving rocky areas, check for large rocks wedged between dual tires. Remove any large
rocks before continuing movement.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-81
Performance Steps
7. Operate vehicle across ditches.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Follow any steps in the vehicle TM for operation in this type of terrain. Check under "operation
under unusual conditions."
c. Cross shallow ditches by shifting low gear or range and proceed slowly.
d. Enter the ditch obliquely so that on wheel leaves the ditch as the other wheel on the same axle
enters it.
e. Accelerate the motor enough to keep rolling as you go up the other side.
f. Cut away tops of the bank on both sides if necessary before attempting to cross.
8. Operate vehicle through gullies and ravines.
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator showing correct mode
selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed restrictions.
b. Follow applicable steps in the vehicle TM for operation in this type of terrain. Check under
"operation under unusual conditions."
c. Look over terrain to determine the safest route to take.
d. Put your vehicle in low gear or low range.
e. Approach the ravine at a right angle to the edge.
f. Ease the front wheels into gully so that they touch bottom at the same time.
g. Bring engine up to normal operating speed as your wheels touch the opposite bank.
h. Accelerate enough to climb as your front wheels touch the opposite bank.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a vehicle capable of cross-country travel, and an area
that will subject vehicle and driver to gullies, ravines, ditches, snow/ice, rain, and sand.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to drive the vehicle to preselected points and final destination and return to
departure point, without damaging the vehicle or physical surroundings, and without injuring personnel.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Operated vehicle in rain. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, select mode for this type of terrain; watch for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhere to speed
restrictions.
(1) Recognized that the M1078/1083 and M939 series vehicle CTIS started
automatically when engine was started and adjusted pressure to
highway mode.
(2) Started CTIS on M1074/1075 PLS trucks by:
(a) Pressing and holding start button on the controller for
approximately 1 second to activate.
(b) Observed green lights on controller to check system operation.
b. Accelerated moderately.
c. Reduced speed as necessary for conditions.
d. Moderately applied the brakes.
e. Made no quick turns.
f. Allowed twice normal stopping distance.
g. Did not pump the brakes (ABS only).
h. Held the brake pedal down and let the ABS work.
i. During emergencies, steered and braked simultaneously (ABS only).
j. Released pressure on brakes.
k. Recovered from skid.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-82
Performance Measures GO NO GO
2. Operated vehicle in sand. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, selected mode for this type of terrain; watched for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhered to speed
restrictions.
b. Selected a gear range.
c. Accelerated slowly.
d. Maintained a steady and even rate of movement.
e. Avoided unnecessary shifting of gears (manual transmission).
f. Anticipated difficult spots and bypassed when possible.
g. Approach any dune from the windward side slope at a 9-degree angle.
h. Followed the track of preceding vehicle(s).
i. Made wide turns.
j. Let the vehicle roll to a stop when possible.
k. Attempted to stop on downhill slope.
3. Operated vehicle in muddy or swampy terrain. —— ——
4. Operated vehicle through streams. —— ——
5. Operated vehicle in snow. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, selected mode for this type of terrain; watched for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhered to speed
restrictions.
b. Turn on the vehicle cab heater and adjust to defrost position to clear
windows while engine is warming up.
c. Remove ice and snow from windows.
d. Selected proper mode on CTIS panel.
e. Placed vehicle in motion.
f. Began movement in proper gear or gear range.
g. Selected proper range and gradually applied throttle.
h. Avoided quick acceleration.
i. Drove at reduced speed.
j. Displayed turn signals earlier that usual.
k. Pumped brakes to give signals to give early warning to those following of
intention to stop (Non ABS).
l. Applied steady brake pressure (ABS only).
m. Descended moderate grades in the gear normally used to climb the same
grade.
6. Operated vehicle on rocky terrain. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, selected mode for this type of terrain; watched for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhered to speed
restrictions.
b. Followed applicable step in tech manual for this operation.
c. Did not straddle boulders.
d. Moved very slowly over rocky terrain.
e. Checked for, and removed, any rocks between dual wheels.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-83
Performance Measures GO NO GO
7. Operated vehicle across ditches. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, selected mode for this type of terrain; watched for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhered to speed
restrictions.
b. Followed steps in TM for this operation.
c. Crossed shallow ditches using low gear or range and proceeded slowly.
d. Entered the ditch obliquely.
e. Accelerated motor enough to get through area.
f. Cut away tops of bank as needed.
8. Operated vehicle through gullies and ravines. —— ——
a. If CTIS equipped, selected mode for this type of terrain; watched for indicator
showing correct mode selection on CTIS panel and adhered to speed
restrictions.
b. Followed applicable steps in TM.
c. Looked over terrain to determine safe route through.
d. Placed vehicle in low gear or gear range.
e. Approached ravine at right angle.
f. Eased front wheels into gully so that they touched bottom at the same time.
g. Brought engine up to normal operating speed through area.
h. Accelerated enough to climb as front wheels touch opposite bank.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305 TM 9-2320-279-10-2
FM 55-30
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-364-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-84
Operate Vehicle With or Without Trailer/Semitrailer Under Blackout Conditions
551-721-1363
Conditions: Given a vehicle, with or without trailer/semitrailer with before-operation maintenance
performed, hearing protection, and a lead vehicle.
Standards: You have operated the vehicle under blackout conditions at night using only blackout
operating lights as directed and maintained proper vehicle distance without injury to personnel or damage
to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Ensure the proper operation of all blackout lights and markers.
a. Check blackout marker lights on both front and rear of vehicle.
b. Check blackout drive lights.
c. Check blackout stop light.
d. Ensure all lenses are free of dirt, mud, or paint.
2. Position windshield, for visibility, as directed.
3. Operate vehicle at a low speed (5 to 10 MPH/8 to 16 KMPH) or as directed during blackout
operations.
4. Maintain a proper interval (60 to 180 feet) from the vehicle ahead. If you are following the correct
distance, each pair of blackout lights appears as one red light.
WARNING: When operating in an assembly area, use dismounted ground guides for safety. Follow
nighttime hand and arm signals (guide using flashlight) as necessary.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a trailer/semitrailer that has operational blackout drive
and marker lights and a predetermined route.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to drive the vehicle under blackout conditions without injuring personnel or
damaging the vehicle, trailer/semitrailer, or property. If applicable, tell the soldier to lower the windshield.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Ensured the proper operation of all blackout lights and markers. —— ——
2. Positioned windshield, for visibility, as directed. —— ——
3. Operated vehicle at a low speed (5 to 10 MPH/8 to 16 KMPH). —— ——
4. Maintained a proper interval (60 to 180 feet) from the vehicle ahead. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-85
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
TM 9-2320-211-10
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-283-10
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-86
Read Strip Maps
551-721-1410
Conditions: Given a prepared strip map, protractor, route instructions, and mission information.
Standards: You have read and interpreted the strip map by identifying all plotted critical information
including, start point, check/critical points, release point, and primary and alternate route designations
applicable to your mission.
Performance Steps
1. Identify strip map symbols (see Figure 3-59).
a. Primary road(s) (see item 1).
b. Secondary road(s) (see item 2).
c. Other surfaced road(s) (see item 3).
d. Dirt road(s) (see item 4).
e. Trail(s) (see item 5).
f. Impassable section of road(s) (see item 6).
g. Main supply road(s) (see item 7).
h. Single-track railroad, broad gauge (see item 8).
i. Single-track railroad, narrow gauge (see item 9).
j. Double-track railroad, standard gauge (see item 10).
k. Crossings (see Figure 3-60).
l. Bridges (see Figure 3-61).
(1) Highway.
(2) Railroad.
Figure 3-59. Strip Map Symbols
Figure 3-60. Crossings
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-87
Figure 3-61. Bridges
Performance Steps
2. Identify mission information.
a.
Start Point (SP). This is the point established as the beginning of the convoy's timeline tracking.
May be the start of the convoy from origin or a point along the designated route in which
convoy elements are to merge for the mission.
b. Release Point (RP). This point is designated as "release of convoy responsibility of all or part
of the convoy elements." May or may not be convoy destination.
c. Check/critical point (CP). This is a point along the convoy route that may serve as a
navigational aid, point of possible enemy ambush (critical point) or designated as a halt point.
This designation may apply to points along route identifying narrow roadways, or other
conditions that warrant special concern by convoy vehicle drivers.
d. Mileage between routes. Distance (Kilometers/Miles) between check/critical points along the
convoy route, a navigational aid.
e. Routes and route numbers. Usually normal road or highway numbers that are used to
delineate the route plotted for convoy travel.
f. Major cities and towns. Usually indicated on route to ensure awareness, navigation checking
or, if a specific location within the city or town is shown, may be a checkpoint along the convoy
route.
g. Rest and service areas (halt areas). Usually designated as one of the checkpoints or may be
an additional point along the route due to availability of space to accommodate vehicles.
h. Primary and alternate routes. Both should be indicated on map and strip map. Usually colored
differently or have a specific name assigned.
i. Unit designations (as applicable). Indicates a unit(s) that are located along route or could be
one of the destinations for convoy.
j. Legend information. Definitive information regarding the strip map in regards to the mission or
unit.
Note: If there are any additional unit-specific symbols or information applicable to the mission, it should
be identified on the strip map and defined in the legend.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Give the soldier a vehicle with before-operation maintenance performed,
a protective mask with protective hood and protective clothing, and a simulated contaminated area in
which to drive through.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to drive the vehicle through the contaminated area and decontaminate
equipment using the M-11 decontamination apparatus.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-88
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Identified strip map symbols (see Figure 3-59). —— ——
a. Primary road(s) (see item 1).
b. Secondary road(s) (see item 2).
c. Other surfaced road(s) (see item 3).
d. Dirt road(s) (see item 4).
e. Trail(s) (see item 5).
f. Impassable section of road(s) (see item 6).
g. Main supply road(s) (see item 7).
h. Single-track railroad, broad gauge (see item 8).
i. Single-track railroad, narrow gauge (see item 9).
j. Double-track railroad, standard gauge (see item 10).
k. Crossings (see Figure 3-60).
l. Bridges (see Figure 3-61).
(1) Highway.
(2) Railroad.
2. Identified mission information. —— ——
a. Start Point (SP).
b. Release Point (RP).
c. Check/critical point (CP).
d. Mileage between routes.
e. Routes and route numbers.
f. Major cities and towns.
g. Rest and service areas (halt areas).
h. Primary and alternate routes.
i. Unit designations (as applicable).
j. Legend information.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 101-5-1
FM 21-305
FM 21-31
FM 3-25.26
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-89
Skill Level 2
Subject Area 2: Dispatcher Duties
Perform Dispatcher Duties
551-721-2371
Conditions: Under the supervision of the truckmaster, given a request for a vehicle or equipment to be
dispatched, DA Form 2401 (Organization Control Record for Equipment) or DA Form 5982-E (Dispatch
Control Log), DD Form 1970 or DA Form 5987-E, pencil, ULLS workstation (if unit is so equipped), a list
of drivers and their qualifications, vehicle status board, and a copy of unit SOP.
Standards: You have accurately and legibly made dispatcher entries on DA Form 2401, DD Form 1970
or DA Form 5982-E (ULLS), confirmed driver qualifications and endorsements, selected driver(s) and
vehicle(s) for mission based on guidance from platoon sergeants. Upon completion of mission, you have
logged all mileage, load, and time data for vehicles, drivers, and load moved as required locally. You
have notified maintenance of any discrepancy of vehicle status and reported discrepancies on vehicle trip
reports to truckmaster.
Performance Steps
1. Process transportation requests.
a. Acquire vehicle(s) and driver(s) availability information from platoon sergeant(s) to be used for
mission. Complete initial dispatcher entries on forms.
b. Compile all appropriate forms in the equipment record folder. The following forms are required
at a minimum.
(1) DD Form 1970, Complete dispatcher entries.
(2) DD Form 518.
(3) SF 91.
(4) DA Form 5987-E (ULLS), Complete dispatcher entries.
(5) DA Form 5823 (Equipment Identification Card). This form goes on outside of record folder.
Dispatcher must verify vehicle status information before dispatch of vehicle.
2. Manually dispatch unit vehicle(s) for regular dispatch (units without ULLS).
a. For dispatch out:
(1) Verify driver's license and qualifications of driver with vehicle and load selected for
dispatch.
(2) Make dispatcher entries on DD Form 1970.
(a) Date form is started.
(b) Serial number.
(c) Bumper number.
(d) Organization.
(e) Miles or Kilometers.
(f) Hours (as applicable).
(g) Dispatcher signature.
(h) Print "report to" name.
(i) Noun nomenclature of vehicle.
(j) Print name of operator(s).
(3) Ensure operator makes the following entries on DD Form 1970.
(a) Signature.
(b) Time.
(c) Miles and hours.
(4) Logs vehicle out on DA Form 2401.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-90
Performance Steps
b. Upon return of vehicle from dispatch (dispatch in), the dispatcher verifies the following entries
on DD Form 1970.
(1) Miles and hours.
(2) Time in and total time.
(3) "Release by" signature.
(4) Fuel and oil, if required locally.
c. Collect dispatch equipment record folder from operator.
d. Log vehicle in from dispatch on DA Form 2401.
e. Annotate type cargo and tons moved, as applicable.
f. Report change in vehicle status to maintenance personnel as applicable.
g. Report discrepancies in trip records to truckmaster.
h. File trip records in accordance with local directives.
3. Dispatch unit vehicle(s) for regular dispatch (units supported by ULLS).
a. For dispatch out (departing on dispatch).
(1) Verify that operator is registered through ULLS as a licensed, qualified operator. If not
registered in ULLS, check operator OF 346 (U.S. Government Motor Vehicle Operator's
Identification Card).
(2) Issue dispatch equipment record folder to operator. Folder should contain:
(a) DA Form 5988-E, Equipment Maintenance and Inspection Worksheet (automated).
(b) DA Form 5987-E, Dispatch printout.
(c) DD Form 518 and SF 91, Vehicle Accident forms.
(3) Ensure operator makes required entries and signs dispatch printout.
(4) Dispatcher and operator check for services due.
(5) Dispatcher verifies through operator that before-operational maintenance checks have
been completed and vehicle is ready for dispatch.
b. For dispatch in (Return from dispatch):
(1) Collect dispatch equipment record folder from operator.
(2) Verify the following entries on DA Form 5982-E within ULLS with the following information.
(a) Fuel and oil added.
(b) Date and time of return.
(c) "Released by" signature.
(d) Miles and hours.
c. Check remarks section of dispatch for operator entries requiring maintenance support. Report
information to maintenance section.
d. Log vehicle in from dispatch through ULLS on DA Form 5982-E.
e. Report discrepancies in trip records to truckmaster.
f. Annotate type cargo and tons moved, as applicable.
g. File trip records in accordance with local directives.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a facility equipped with dispatching logs,
vehicle(s) to track for dispatching purposes, mission information requiring dispatch of vehicles.
Brief Soldier: You are to assume duties as dispatcher. You are to perform all tracking duties, and
dispatch vehicles as required for mission support. You are to log necessary vehicle and driver
information relevant to accounting for vehicle traffic.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-91
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Processed transportation requests. —— ——
a. Selected vehicle(s) and driver(s) to be used for mission. Complete initial
dispatcher entries on forms.
b. Compiled all appropriate forms in the equipment record folder. The following
forms are required at a minimum.
(1) DD Form 1970, Completed dispatcher entries.
(2) DD Form 518.
(3) SF 91.
(4) DA Form 5987-E (ULLS), Completed dispatcher entries.
(5) DA Form 5823. This form goes on outside of record folder. Dispatcher
must verify vehicle status information before dispatch of vehicle.
2. Manually dispatched unit vehicle(s) for regular dispatch (units without ULLS). —— ——
a. For dispatch out:
(1) Verified driver license and qualifications with vehicle selected for
dispatch.
(2) Made dispatcher entries on DD Form 1970.
(a) Date form is started.
(b) Serial number.
(c) Bumper number.
(d) Organization.
(e) Miles or Kilometers.
(f) Hours (as applicable).
(g) Dispatcher signature.
(h) Print "report to" name.
(i) Noun nomenclature of vehicle.
(j) Print name of operator(s).
(3) Ensured operator makes the following entries on DD Form 1970.
(a) Signature.
(b) Time.
(c) Miles and hours.
(4) Logged vehicle out on DA Form 2401.
b. Upon return of vehicle from dispatch (dispatch in), the dispatcher verified the
following entries on DD Form 1970.
(1) Miles and hours.
(2) Time in and total time.
(3) "Release by" signature.
(4) Fuel and oil, if required locally.
c. Collected dispatch equipment record folder from operator.
d. Logged vehicle in from dispatch on DA Form 2401.
e. Annotated type cargo and tons moved, as applicable.
f. Reported change in vehicle status to maintenance personnel as applicable.
g. Reported discrepancies in trip records to truckmaster.
h. File trip records in accordance with local directives.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-92
Performance Measures GO NO GO
3. Dispatched unit vehicle(s) for regular dispatch (units supported by ULLS). —— ——
a. For dispatch out (Departing on dispatch).
(1) Verified that operator is registered through ULLS as a licensed,
qualified operator. If not registered in ULLS, check operator OF 346.
(2) Issued dispatch equipment record folder to operator. Folder should
contain:
(a) DA Form 5988-E, Equipment Maintenance and Inspection
Worksheet (automated).
(b) DA Form 5987-E, Dispatch printout.
(c) DD Form 518 and SF 91, Vehicle Accident forms.
(3) Ensured operator makes required entries and signs dispatch printout.
(4) Dispatcher and operator checked for services due.
(5) Dispatcher verified through operator that before-operational
maintenance checks have been completed and vehicle is ready for
dispatch.
b. For dispatch in (return from dispatch).
(1) Collected dispatch equipment record folder from operator.
(2) Verified the following entries on DA Form 5982-E within ULLS with the
following information.
(a) Fuel and oil added.
(b) Date and time of return.
(c) "Released by" signature.
(d) Miles and hours.
c. Checked remarks section of dispatch for operator entries requiring
maintenance support. Report information to maintenance section.
d. Logged vehicle in from dispatch through ULLS on DA Form 5982-E.
e. Reported discrepancies in trip records to truckmaster.
f. Annotated type cargo and tons moved, as applicable.
g. Filed trip records in accordance with local directives.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
DA FORM 2401
DA FORM 5823
DA FORM 5982-E
DA PAM 738-750
DD FORM 1970
FM 21-305
FM 55-30
OF 346
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-93
Subject Area 3: Motor Vehicle Operator Maintenance
Remove and Replace a Tire on a Wheeled Vehicle and Trailer
551-721-2393
Conditions: Given a vehicle and trailer with a tire to replace, applicable BII, tools, and assistance as
needed.
Special Conditions: This task requires two personnel for vehicles 2 ½-ton and larger.
Standards: You have successfully removed the disabled/unserviceable wheel/tire assembly and
replaced it with serviceable spare without injuring personnel or damaging equipment. All required form
annotations were made as well as chain-of-command notification.
Performance Steps
1. Make preparations for tire/wheel assembly replacement.
a. Position vehicle or trailer on as level ground as possible.
b. Chock wheels opposite from flat to prevent inadvertent movement.
c. Remove spare tire from stowage location.
d. Gather all necessary tools to complete the tire-change.
e. Ensure spare tire is inflated to correct pressure.
f. If vehicle is equipped with CTIS system, ensure all components are removed and replaced
according to the vehicle TM. Steps may vary between front and rear tires.
Note: DO NOT use the CTIS system to attempt to maintain air pressure in flat tire.
2. Remove tire/wheel assembly from vehicle or trailer.
a. If CTIS equipped, remove system lines and fittings as directed in the applicable TM.
b. Using a lifting device, slightly raise vehicle or trailer till weight is off the tire but tire still contacts
the ground.
c. Using lug wrench, slightly loosen lug nuts in a crisscross pattern.
d. Raise vehicle or trailer high enough to remove and replace wheel/tire assembly. Use hydraulic
jack (BII) or other suitable lifting device. If using hydraulic jack, ensure base of jack is
supported by thick wood or other materials so that jack will not sink into the ground under
vehicle weight.
e. Block/support vehicle before handling tire using jack stands or any suitable item that will
support vehicle weight.
f. Finish loosening lug nuts and remove wheel/tire assembly.
g. Lay disabled wheel/tire assembly out of the way in such a manner that will prevent it from
falling and injuring personnel or damaging other equipment.
h. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this procedure.
3. Replace tire/wheel assembly.
a. With assistance, lift spare tire into position onto hub.
b. Secure all lug nuts hand tight.
c. Fully tighten lug nuts in a crisscross pattern. If necessary, lower vehicle until tire touches the
ground to prevent tire from turning.
d. Lower the vehicle or trailer to the ground.
e. Recheck tightness of all lug nuts.
f. If CTIS equipped, ensure all lines and fittings are re-connected. Ensure there are no leaks.
g. If CTIS equipped, notify organizational maintenance as soon as possible to ensure all CTIS
lines and fittings are reinstalled properly and tested.
h. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this procedure.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-94
Performance Steps
4. Stow disabled tire/wheel assembly.
a. Using assistance, move tire/wheel into position to be lifted.
b. Attach davit/lifting device to the rim of the wheel and lift into position on the vehicle or trailer.
c. If lifting device is not available as in the case with some trailers, ensure assistance is obtained
before attempting to lift tire/wheel into stowage location.
d. Secure with mounting brackets/hardware.
e. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this procedure.
5. Recover from tire/wheel change procedure.
a. Secured all tools and materials used to perform tire/wheel change.
b. Annotate of DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E that spare tire/wheel is unserviceable and to be
repaired as soon as possible to regain full "mission capable" status.
Note: Some CTIS equipped vehicles are considered "Not Fully Mission Capable" if one or more tires are
missing or unserviceable. Ensure chain of command is notified and tire is repaired or replaced to regain
"Full Mission Capability."
c. As soon as possible, take vehicle to organizational maintenance to torque hub lug nuts and
have the CTIS system checked (if applicable).
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a vehicle and trailer in need of a tire
replacement. Provide all necessary tools and assistance needed. This will include BII for both vehicle
and trailer. If the vehicle used is 2.5 tons or larger, assistance will be needed.
Brief Soldier: You are to change a tire on a tactical wheeled vehicle and trailer. You have the necessary
tools and assistance from another soldier to perform this operation. Your performance must result in a
vehicle that is safe to operate and operational. All steps will be performed without injury to personnel,
adherence to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM and without damage to vehicle or trailer.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Made preparations for tire/wheel assembly replacement. —— ——
a. Position vehicle or trailer on as level ground as possible.
b. Chock wheels opposite from flat to prevent inadvertent movement.
c. Remove spare tire from stowage location.
d. Gather all necessary tools to complete the tire-change.
e. Ensure spare tire is inflated to correct pressure.
f. If vehicle is equipped with CTIS system, ensure all components are removed
and replaced according to the vehicle TM. Steps may vary between front
and rear tires.
g. Adhered to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM.
2. Removed tire/wheel assembly from vehicle or trailer. —— ——
a. Using a lifting device, slightly raise vehicle or trailer till weight is off the tire
but tire still contacts the ground.
b. Using lug wrench, slightly loosened lug nuts in a crisscross pattern.
c. Raised vehicle or trailer high enough to remove and replace wheel/tire
assembly. Used hydraulic jack (BII) or other suitable lifting device. If
hydraulic jack was used, ensured base of jack was supported by thick wood
or other materials so that jack would not sink into the ground under vehicle
weight.
d. Blocked/supported vehicle before handling tire using jack stands or any
suitable item that will support vehicle weight.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-95
Performance Measures GO NO GO
e. Finished loosening lug nuts and removed wheel/tire assembly.
f. Finished loosening lug nuts and removed wheel/tire assembly.
g. Lay disabled wheel/tire assembly out of the way in such a manner that will
prevent it from falling and injuring personnel or damaging other equipment.
h. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this
procedure.
3. Replaced tire/wheel assembly. —— ——
a. With assistance, lifted spare tire into position onto hub.
b. Secured all lug nuts hand tight.
c. Fully tightened lug nuts in a crisscross pattern. If necessary, lowered vehicle
until tire touched the ground to prevent tire from turning.
d. Lowered the vehicle or trailer to the ground.
e. Rechecked tightness of all lug nuts.
f. If CTIS equipped, ensured all lines and fittings were re-connected. Ensured
there were no leaks.
g. If CTIS equipped, notified organizational maintenance as soon as possible to
ensure all CTIS lines and fittings were reinstalled properly and tested.
h. Adhere to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this
procedure.
4. Stowed disabled tire/wheel assembly. —— ——
a. Using assistance, moved tire/wheel into position to be lifted.
b. Attached davit/lifting device to the rim of the wheel and lift into position on
the vehicle or trailer.
c. If lifting device is not available as in the case with some trailers, ensured
assistance is obtained before attempting to lift tire/wheel into stowage
location.
d. Secured with mounting brackets/hardware.
e. Adhered to all WARNING and CAUTION statements in the TM regarding this
procedure.
5. Recovered from tire/wheel change procedure. —— ——
a. Secured all tools and materials used to perform tire/wheel change.
b. Annotated of DA Form 2404/DA Form 5988-E that spare tire/wheel is
unserviceable and to be repaired as soon as possible to regain full "mission
capable" status.
c. As soon as possible, take vehicle to organizational maintenance to torque
hub lug nuts and have the CTIS system checked (if applicable).
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 21-305
TM 9-2320-260-10
TM 9-2320-272-10
TM 9-2320-273-10
TM 9-2320-279-10-1
TM 9-2320-279-10-2
TM 9-2320-280-10
TM 9-2320-283-10
TM 9-2320-364-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-96
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-365-10
TM 9-2320-366-10-1
TM 9-2320-366-10-2
TM 9-2330-359-14&P
TM 9-2330-381-14
TM 9-2330-386-14&P
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-97
Subject Area 4: Motor Vehicle Operations
Operate the M1070/M1000 Semitrailer Combination With Disabled Bogie
551-721-2300
Conditions: Given an M1000 HET Semitrailer with simulated or actual disabled bogie and the mission to
use the semitrailer for transport, semitrailer BII to include the axle isolation chain assembly, necessary
tools to cage the brakes of the effected bogie, assistance from other crewmen as necessary, and a level
area to park the semitrailer to perform operation.
Standards: You have properly caged the brakes of the disabled bogie, lowered the platform, and
prepared the disabled bogie to allow semitrailer movement without damaging equipment or injuring
personnel.
Performance Steps
1. Perform all steps required to cage the brakes of the affected bogie.
CAUTION: The tractor/semitrailer combination loaded or unloaded, is limited to operating with only one
disabled bogie. The following procedure specifically identifies how to prepare the semitrailer for
transport. If this procedure is not strictly followed, severe damage to equipment may result.
a. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-33, pages 2-213 to 2-216.
b. Adhere to all listed WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM for this operation.
2. Lower semitrailer platform until suspension (bogie) is completely compressed. Refer to TM 9-2330-
381-14, paragraph 2-19, pages 2-56 to 2-58.
3. Prepare disabled bogie to allow semitrailer movement.
a. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-34n, pages 2-216 to 2-221.
b. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTIONS in the TM for this operation.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a HETS that has a disabled bogie, level ground
to operate.
Brief Soldier: You are to configure the HET combination in such a manner as to allow you to operate the
system with a disabled bogie on the semitrailer. You are to make any adjustments according to the TM
without damaging the equipment or injuring personnel.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Performed all steps required to cage the brakes of the affected bogie. —— ——
2. Lowered semitrailer platform until suspension (bogie) is completely compressed. —— ——
3. Prepared disabled bogie to allow semitrailer movement. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-360-10 TC 21-305-9
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-98
Operate the Gas Particulate Filter Unit (GPFU) on the M1070 Tractor
551-721-2301
Conditions: Given a M1070 HET Tractor with functioning GPFU, full protective MOPP gear to include
either the M25A1 or M42 Protective Masks.
Standards: Operated the Gas Particulate Filter Unit on the M1070 Tractor after assuming MOPP level 4
posture in such a manner as to allow mission continuance without injuring personnel or damaging any
equipment or surroundings.
Performance Steps
1. Assume a MOPP level 4 status.
a. Refer to FM 3-11.4.
b. Refer to TM 3-4240-280-10 for wear of the M24 protective mask.
c. Refer to TM 3-4240-300-10-2 for the M42 protective mask.
2. Perform all operational steps to operate the GPFU.
a. Refer to TM 9-2320-360-10, paragraph 2-20c to perform steps (1) through (7), and pages 2-
173 to 2-175.
b. Adhere to all WARNINGS and notes in the vehicle TM for this operation.
3. Remove the gas particulate filter hose.
a. Upon receiving the all clear signal, or when required to exit the vehicle, perform unmasking
procedures.
b. Refer to TM 9-2320-360-10, chapter 2-20d, to perform steps (1) through (5).
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Position and provide for the soldier a HET Truck, M1070, individual
protective mask, and the requirement to operate the GPFU.
Brief soldier: You are required to operate the GPFU on the HET Tractor. You will be in MOPP level 4 for
this action.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Assumed a MOPP level 4 status. —— ——
2. Performed all operational steps to operate the GPFU. —— ——
3. Removed the gas particulate filter hose. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-11.4
TM 3-4240-280-10
TM 3-4240-300-10-2
TM 9-2320-360-10
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-99
Operate the APU on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2302
Conditions: Given a HET semitrailer with functioning APU, semitrailer BII, and level ground to operate.
Standards: You have properly performed all required startup procedures for the APU without injury to
personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Start the APU (normal conditions). Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-16a, pages 2-46 to 2-
50 for applicable procedures.
CAUTION: The hydraulic tank oil valve must be open prior to starting the APU or serious damage to the
hydraulic pump may result.
WARNING: Hearing protection is required within 10 feet (3m) of the APU when the APU is running or
injury to personnel may result.
CAUTION: Oil pressure light must go out within 15 seconds. If oil pressure light stays lit, shut down the
APU immediately or damage to equipment may result.
CAUTION: If the APU fails to start within 15 seconds, release the switch from the START position to
prevent overheating of the starter motor. Allow the starter motor to cool 1 to 2 minutes before trying
again. If the APU fails to start after four tries, notify unit maintenance.
CAUTION: Do not rotate START switch to the START position while the starter motor is still turning from
the previous try.
CAUTION: After starting the APU, rotate switch to OFF position or damage to equipment may result.
CAUTION: Do not subject the APU to any load until it has warmed up properly or premature failure may
occur and life of the engine may be shortened.
2. Start the APU (cold weather starting). Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-17, pages 2-51 and
2-52 for cold weather starting.
Note: The following procedures apply when ambient temperatures range from 40oF to -25oF (4oC to
31oC). When the temperature is below -25oF (-31oC), refer to Arctic APU Starting in paragraph 2-31 of
the semitrailer TM.
3. Shutdown the APU. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-16b, and pages 2-50 for proper
shutdown procedures.
4. Shutdown APU for extended storage (short and long term). Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph
2-16b (3), (4), (5) for extended storage procedures.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a HET Truck Tractor, a HET Semitrailer with
functional APU, and parked on level ground.
Brief Soldier: You are required to perform all steps necessary to operate the APU on the M1000
Semitrailer. You will have assistance as necessary.
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-100
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the APU (normal conditions). —— ——
2. Started the APU (cold weather starting). —— ——
3. Shutdown the APU. —— ——
4. Shutdown the APU for extended storage. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-101
Adjust the Gooseneck on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2303
Conditions: Given an M1000 semitrailer with BII and functional APU, hearing protection, and work
gloves.
Standards: You have successfully made adjustments to gooseneck by raising or lowering as necessary.
All operational steps were performed without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Start the APU.
a. Uncouple the semitrailer from the tractor if coupled.
b. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-18a, for applicable steps.
2. Operate gooseneck control valves as necessary to raise or lower gooseneck (refer to TM 9-2330-
381-14, paragraph 2-18b, for applicable steps).
WARNING: Wear hearing protection while APU is running. Ensure that tractor is UNCOUPLED from
semitrailer before beginning operation. Adhere to all WARNINGS and CAUTION statements in the TM.
Prior to adjusting gooseneck height, ensure that both gooseneck isolation and suspension shut-off valve
handles have been pulled outward to the ADJUST position or injury to personnel from unexpected
movement or damage to equipment may result.
3. Shutdown APU (refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-16b, 2-50 and 2-51).
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier an M1000 semitrailer, uncoupled from the M1070
HET tractor.
Brief Soldier: You are required to make adjustments to the gooseneck of the M1000 semitrailer. The
semitrailer should not be coupled to the tractor and the landing support legs should be lowered to support
the semitrailer before starting operation.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the APU. —— ——
a. Uncoupled the semitrailer from the tractor if coupled (refer to TM 9-2320-
360-10).
b. Referred to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-18a, for applicable steps.
2. Operated gooseneck control valves as necessary to raise or lower gooseneck
(refer to TM 9-2330-281-14, paragraph 2-18b, for applicable steps).
—— ——
3. Shutdown APU. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-102
Adjust the Platform Height on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2304
Conditions: Given an M1000 semitrailer with BII and operational APU, hearing protection, and work
gloves.
Special Conditions: If semitrailer is loaded, the semitrailer must be coupled to tractor to perform height
adjustments. See semitrailer TM for details.
Standards: You have successfully made the required adjustments to the platform height of the
semitrailer without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Start the APU.
a. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-16a, pages 2-46 to 2-51.
b. Run APU at full throttle.
2. Prepare semitrailer for platform height adjustments. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-19b,c,
d, and e.
Note: The brakes on the semitrailer should be released when making platform adjustments. If the
parking brakes are not released, platform adjustments will be much slower and harder to accomplish.
3. Raise platform height. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-19f.
4. Lower platform height. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-19g, page 2-56.
5. Make other platform height adjustments as necessary. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-
19h(l) to (8) and i to m, page 2-57.
6. Shutdown the APU. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-16b, and page 2-50.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide for the soldier a Heavy Equipment Transporter and a Heavy
Equipment Transport Semitrailer (HETS) positioned on level ground.
Brief Soldier: Inform the soldier that adjustments to the platform height are necessary and determination
must be made as to what steps are necessary to do so.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the APU. —— ——
2. Prepared semitrailer for platform height adjustments. —— ——
3. Raised platform height. —— ——
4. Lowered platform height. —— ——
5. Made other platform height adjustments as necessary. —— ——
6. Shutdown the APU. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-103
Operate the Loading Ramps on the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2305
Conditions: Given an M1000 semitrailer with BII, hearing protection, work gloves, and assistance as
needed from other crew members.
Special Conditions: Position semitrailer on level ground when possible.
Standards: You have successfully operated the loading ramps on the M1000 semitrailer without injury to
personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Adjust loading ramps. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-20a and pages 2-58, 2-59, and 2-
60 for applicable steps.
2. Lower ramps. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-20b, pages 2-61 and 2-62 for applicable
steps.
3. Raise ramps. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-20c for applicable steps.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Emplace a Heavy Equipment Transport Semitrailer (HETS) onto level
ground. Provide an assistant.
Brief Soldier: Inform the soldier to lower and raise the loading ramps on the M1000 semitrailer without
injury to anyone or damage to the semitrailer. This is to be a two-person operation under your guidance.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Adjusted loading ramps. —— ——
2. Lowered ramps. —— ——
3. Raised ramps. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-104
Manually Steer the M1000 Semitrailer
551-721-2306
Conditions: Given an M1000 semitrailer with BII and operational APU, hearing protection, work gloves,
and assistance as needed.
Special Condition: All operations involving the M1070 and M1000 require two persons.
Standards: You have successfully performed a manual steering operation using the M1000 semitrailer
without injury to personnel or damage to equipment.
Performance Steps
1. Start the APU. Refer to TM9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-21a, page 2-65.
2. Prepare semitrailer for manual steering operation. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-21b, c,
d, e, and f, page 2-66 for applicable steps.
3. Steer bogie(s) manually in desired direction. Reference TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-21g, h,
and i, page 2-66 for applicable steps.
4. Prepare semitrailer for travel. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-21j(1) through (4), page 2-
66 and 2-67 for applicable steps.
5. Shutdown the APU. Refer to TM 9-2330-381-14, paragraph 2-21j(5), page 2-67 for applicable
steps.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Emplace a M1000 semitrailer on level ground.
Brief Soldier: You are required to manually steer the semitrailer by adhering to all steps and WARNING
and CAUTION statements in the TM. You may proceed as directed to move semitrailer.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Started the APU. —— ——
2. Prepared semitrailer for manual steering operation. —— ——
3. Steered bogie(s) manually in desired direction. —— ——
4. Prepared semitrailer for travel. —— ——
5. Shutdown the APU. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If any performance measure is failed, tell the soldier what
was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TM 9-2320-360-10
TM 9-2330-381-14
STP 55-88M14-SM-TG
3-105
Prepare Vehicle for Inclement Weather Operation
551-721-2355
Conditions: Given a wheeled tactical vehicle with before-operation maintenance performed, BII, AAL,
vehicle TM (-10 series), designated weather conditions to prepare for, inclement weather clothing, and
hearing protection.
Standards: You have prepared the vehicle for inclement weather operation without injury to personnel or
damage to vehicle.
Performance Steps
1. Perform before-operation PMCS on the vehicle according to the operators vehicle TM.
a. Refer to applicable vehicle TM, chapter 2 for all steps in this procedure.
b. Ensure that all WARNING and CAUTION statements are adhered to in the TM applicable to
this procedure in chapter 2.
c. Adhere to cold-weather starting procedures when required in the vehicle TM.
2. Make vehicle preparations for inclement weather.
a. Remove all ice, snow, and fog from windows.
b. Ensure all tools assigned to the vehicle are mounted properly.
c. Check the tire pressure. Increase the tire pressure 10 percent for severe cold weather.
d. Mount snow chains if necessary.
e. Shield the lower half of the radiator in extreme cold weather.
f. Distribute loads evenly/reduce the load.
g. Warm up engine to operating temperature.
3. Protect vehicle load in inclement weather.
a. Install canvas and