STP 21 24 SMCT27June03 Soldier's Manual Of Common Tasks Skill Level 2, 3, 4

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STP21-24-SMCT
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMY
CommonTasks
SkillLevel2,3,and4
Soldier’sManualof
DISTRIBUTIONRESTRICTION:Approvedforpublicrelease;
distributionisunlimited.
AUGUST2003
This publication is available at Army
Knowledge OnLine (www.us.army.mil) and
the General Dennis J. Reimer Training and
Doctrine Digital Library at
(www.adtdl.army.mil)
*STP 21-24-SMCT
Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; dis tribution is
unlimited.
*This manual supersedes STP 21-24-SMCT, 1 October 1992.
i
Soldier Training Publication Headquarters
No. 21-24-SMCT Department of the Army
Washington, DC, 31 August 2003
SOLDIER'S MANUAL OF
COMMON TASKS
Skill Levels 2, 3, and 4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PREFACE.............................................................................................................. vi
Chapter 1. Introduction................................................................................. 1-1
Chapter 2. Training Guide ............................................................................ 2-1
Chapter 3 Skill Levels 2, 3, and 4 Tasks.................................................. 3-1
Skill Level 2
Subject Area 1: Individual Conduct and Laws of War
181-101-2023 Enforce the Uniform Code of Military Justice
(UCMJ)............................................................................... 3-1
181-105-2001 Enforce the Law of War and the Geneva and
Hague Conventions.......................................................... 3-7
181-105-2002 Conduct Combat Operations According to the
Law of War ......................................................................3-11
224-176-2426 Enforce Compliance with Media Ground Rules.........3-13
331-202-1050 Enforce Compliance with the Code of Conduct .......3-15
805C-PAD-2503 Enforce Compliance with the Army's Equal
Opportunity and Sexual Harassment Policies ...........3-17
Subject Area 2: First Aid
081-831-0101 Request Medical Evacuation........................................3-21
081-831-1054 Evacuate Casualties ......................................................3-27
081-831-9000 Implement Preventive Medicine Measures (PMM) ...3-31
ii
Subject Area 3: Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
031-503-1023 Protect Yourself from Nuclear, Biological, and
Chemical Injury/Contamination When Changing
Mission-Oriented Protective Posture Gear............... 3-38
031-503-2001 Identify Chemical Agents Using M256-Series
Chemical Agent Detector Kit....................................3-43
031-503-2023 Measure Radiation Dose Rate and Total Dose........ 3-47
031-503-3002 Conduct Unmasking Procedures.............................. 3-50
031-503-3004 Supervise the Crossing of a Contaminated Area ..... 3-52
031-503-3005 Submit an NBC 1 Report.......................................... 3-55
031-503-3008 Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture ...... 3-57
031-503-3010 Supervise the Employment of Nuclear, Biological,
and Chemical Markers ............................................. 3-59
031-503-4002 Supervise Unit Preparation for a Nuclear,
Biological, and Chemical Attack...............................3-62
031-506-1053 Report Nuclear, Biological and Chemical
Information Using NBC 4 Report.............................. 3-65
031-506-2061 Conduct a Mask Fit Test .......................................... 3-67
Subject Area 4: Survive (Combat Techniques)
061-283-6003 Adjust Indirect Fire ................................................... 3-70
071-326-0608 Use Visual Signaling Techniques............................. 3-79
071-326-5704 Supervise Construction of a Fighting Position........ 3-101
071-326-5705 Establish an Observation Post ............................... 3-103
Subject Area 5: Navigate
071-329-1019 Use a Map Overlay ................................................ 3-106
Subject Area 20: Casualty Reporting and Handling
805C-PAD-2060 Report Casualties................................................... 3-114
Subject Area 21: Defense Measures
071-430-0002 Conduct a Defense by a Squad .............................3-118
Subject Area 22: Unit Operations
071-326-5502 Issue a Fragmentary Order .................................... 3-123
071-326-5503 Issue a Warning Order........................................... 3-125
551-88N-0002 Prepare for Unit Move............................................3-127
Subject Area 23: Security and Control
301-371-1200 Process Captured Materiel..................................... 3-131
Subject Area 25: Equipment Checks
091-CLT-4029 Supervise Preventive Maintenance Checks and
Services ................................................................. 3-135
101-92Y-0003 Enforce Compliance with Supply Discipline
Procedures.............................................................3-137
iii
101-92Y-0004 Enforce Property Accountability Policies................ 3-140
101-92Y-0005 Enforce Compliance with Property Accountability
Policies .................................................................. 3-152
101-92Y-0006 Inspect Equipment for Accountability, Cleanliness,
and Serviceability................................................... 3-170
Subject Area 27: Risk Management
850-001-2000 Employ Accident Prevention Measures and Risk
Management Process ............................................ 3-171
Subject Area 28: Administration/Management
805C-PAD-2044 Recommend Individual for Award .......................... 3-172
805C-PAD-2145 Counsel a Soldier on the Contents of a
Noncommissioned Officer Evaluation Report and
NCOER Checklist .................................................. 3-175
805C-PAD-2146 Prepare the Rater's Portion of a
Noncommissioned Officer Evaluation Report......... 3-177
805C-PAD-2402 Provide Input on Personnel Actions Affecting
Subordinates.......................................................... 3-181
805C-PAD-2407 Recommend Disciplinary Action for a Soldier ........ 3-184
805C-PAD-2461 Maintain Accountability of Personnel (Status
Report)................................................................... 3-186
805C-PAD-2472 Prepare a Duty Roster ........................................... 3-188
Skill Level 3
Subject Area 1: Individual Conduct and Laws of War
805C-PAD-3238 Enforce the Equal Opportunity Program ................ 3-190
Subject Area 4: Survive (Combat Techniques)
052-192-4053 Supervise Minefield Breaching Operations ............ 3-195
071-410-0012 Conduct Occupation of an Assembly Area ............ 3-197
071-420-0021 Conduct a Movement to Contact by a Platoon....... 3-200
071-430-0028 Consolidate a Unit.................................................. 3-202
071-430-0029 Reorganize a Unit .................................................. 3-204
Subject Area 5: Navigate
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation Overlay ............................... 3-206
Subject Area 19: Crowd Control
191-378-4302 Form Squad-Size Riot Control Formations ............ 3-224
Subject Area 21: Defense Measures
052-195-3066 Direct Construction of Nonexplosive Obstacles ..... 3-232
071-410-0019 Control Organic Fires............................................. 3-247
441-091-3000 Supervise the Implementation of Air Defense
Measures ............................................................... 3-252
iv
Subject Area 22: Unit Operations
071-326-3013 Conduct a Tactical Road March............................. 3-256
071-326-5805 Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Mission............ 3-260
071-332-5021 Prepare a Situation Map ........................................3-263
071-720-0015 Conduct an Area Reconnaissance by a Platoon.... 3-264
101-92Y-0002 Plan Tactical Re-Supply Operations ...................... 3-269
301-371-1150 Identify Intelligence and Electronic Warfare (IEW)
Assets .................................................................... 3-281
551-88M-0001 Lead a Convoy Serial/March Unit........................... 3-286
551-88N-0003 Plan Unit Move....................................................... 3-289
Subject Area 23: Security and Control
191-379-4407 Plan Convoy Security Operations .......................... 3-291
301-371-1052 Protect Classified Information and Material............ 3-297
805C-PAD-3594 Store Classified Information and Materials.............3-305
Subject Area 24: Enemy Personnel
191-379-4450 Supervise Handling of Enemy Personnel and
Equipment at Squad Level ..................................... 3-307
Subject Area 27: Risk Management
850-001-3001 Control Mission Safety Hazard............................... 3-311
Subject Area 28: Administration/Management
805C-PAD-3147 Prepare the Senior Rater's Portion of a
Noncommissioned Officer Evaluation Report
(NCOER)................................................................ 3-312
Skill Level 4
Subject Area 2: First Aid
081-831-1047 Supervise the Implementation of Preventive
Medicine Policies ................................................... 3-315
081-831-1055 Ensure Unit Combat Lifesaver Requirements Are
Met......................................................................... 3-326
Subject Area 4: Survive (Combat Techniques)
071-326-5775 Coordinate with an Adjacent Platoon ..................... 3-335
101-CLT-0198 Supervise Tactical Feeding Operation ................... 3-338
Subject Area 19: Crowd Control
191-379-5400 Form the Platoon into a Riot Control Formation..... 3-341
Subject Area 21: Defense Measures
071-430-0006 Conduct a Defense by a Platoon............................ 3-359
Subject Area 22: Unit Operations
091-CLT-3009 Supervise Maintenance Operations ....................... 3-363
101-92Y-0001 Supervise Supply Activities .................................... 3-365
v
151-357-0001 Supervise CSS Functions During Platoon
Operations ............................................................. 3-370
151-357-0002 Coordinate Combat Service Support (CSS)
Operations ............................................................. 3-373
159-200-2020 Integrate Threat Capabilities into Mission
Planning................................................................. 3-376
181-101-4001 Conduct a Search/Seizure ..................................... 3-378
551-721-4326 Perform Duties as Convoy Commander ................ 3-384
Subject Area 23: Security and Control
191-379-4408 Plan Security for a Command Post (CP) ............... 3-384
Subject Area 26: Crime Prevention
191-379-4425 Implement the Unit's Crime Prevention Program ... 3-394
Subject Area 27: Risk Management
850-001-4001 Integrate Risk Management into Mission Plans ..... 3-396
Subject Area 28: Administration/Management
805C-PAD-4359 Manage Soldier's Deployment Requirements ........ 3-397
805C-PAD-4550 Prepare a Standing Operating Procedure (SOP)... 3-401
805C-PAD-4597 Integrate Newly Assigned Soldiers ........................ 3-403
Appendix A Proponent or Agency Codes...................................A-1
Appendix B Guide to Forms ........................................................B-1
Glossary....................................................................................Glossary-1
References............................................................................References-1
vi
PREFACE
This manual is one of a series of soldier training publications that support
individual training. Commanders, trainers, and soldiers will use this manual
and STP 21-1-SMCT, Soldier's Manual of Common Tasks, Skill Level 1, to
plan, conduct, sustain, and evaluate individual training of common tasks in
units.
This manual contains a common task training plan for skill levels (SL) 1
through 4 and task summaries for SL 2 through SL 4 critical common tasks
that support unit wartime missions. This manual is the only authorized
source for these common tasks. Task summaries in this manual supersede
any common tasks appearing in MOS-specific soldier's manuals.
Training support information, such as reference materials, is also included.
Trainers and first-line supervisors should ensure SL 2 through SL 4 soldiers
have access to this publication in their work areas, unit learning centers, and
unit libraries.
This manual applies to both active and Reserve Component soldiers.
Unless this manual states otherwise, masculine pronouns do not refer
exclusively to men.
The proponent of this publication is the Commander, United States Army
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), with the Commander, United
States Army Training Support Center (ATSC) designated as the principle
publishing, printing and distribution agency. Proponents for the specific
tasks are the Army schools and agencies as identified by the school code,
listed at appendix A, consisting of the first three digits of the task
identification number. All comments, suggestions and recommended
changes to this publication should be submitted as follows: Record any
comments or questions regarding the task summaries contained in this
manual on a DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and
Blank Forms) and send it to the respective task proponent with inform ation
copies forwarded to: Commander, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine
Command, ATTN: ATTG-I, Fort Monroe, VA 23651-5000, and Commander,
U.S. Army Training Support Center, ATTN: ATIC-ITSC-CM, Fort Eustis, VA
23604-5166.
REPRODUCIBLE FORMS
Following the very favorable acceptance of previous skill level 1 SMCTs
"pocket-size" format, the August 2003 revisions (STP 21-1-SMCT and STP
21-24-SMCT) are printed in 5-by-7-inch format. This size precludes
incorporating full-size, reproducible forms in these manuals . Instead, these
manuals include a Guide to Forms (appendix B). In the online versions of the
new manuals, appendix B contains electronic links to the downloadable,
vii
reproducible forms. Where online access is not available, the soldier's unit
must obtain hard copies of these forms
SPECIAL NOTE FROM THE STAFF
CONCERNING THE REVISED SMCT
Experienced trainers will notice that, in addition to numerous new tasks in
the revised SMCT, there are many tasks for which the skill level has been
lowered from that in the past. This reflects results from the recent survey of
approximately 19,000 enlisted soldiers, their commanders, and senior
leaders, to determine who was actually performing certain tasks , and the
amount of learning that was actually filtering down in the “one room
schoolhouse” of the working Army. When it was established that a
significant percentage of soldiers were performing those tasks at skill levels
that were above their own, it was decided to lower the task designation,
giving trainers and the Armythe full advantage of accelerated learning at
every level. This SMCT, if anything, reflects back to its users a faithfulness
to this spirit of Army training from whom it derived, an allegiance and
gratitude to the profession and legacy of every United States Army soldier.
Thank you.
United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
United States Army Training Support Center
1-1
Chapter 1
Introduction
1-1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
This manual contains the critical common tasks for skill levels 2, 3, and 4.
Mastering the performance of these tasks will help the individual soldier fight
better and survive on the battlefield, and perform across the full spectrum of
operations. Each soldier must be able to perform all critical common tasks
for his or her own skill level and below. The individual soldier shares
responsibility with the trainer to sustain the skills and knowledge required to
perform all critical common tasks.
a. Individual Soldiers. To ensure you can perform each task, have
another soldier or your supervisor periodically evaluate your performance
using the task summaries. If you have questions about how to perform a
task or which task to perform, ask your first-line supervisor. The first-line
supervisor knows how to perform each task and can direct you to the
appropriate training materials. You should also check the Reimer Digital
Library for new training materials. It is your responsibility to use these
materials to maintain your proficiency.
b. Trainers. If you are a supervisor and trainer and have soldiers
working for you, you must train them to do the tasks for their skill level and
below. Commanders and trainers should use the Soldier’s Manual of
Common Tasks (SMCT), military occupational specialty (MOS) specific
soldier’s training publications (STPs), and mission training plans (MTPs) to
establish effective training plans and programs which integrate individual
and collective tasks.
1-2. SMCT AND SUPPORT OF BATTLE-FOCUSED TRAINING
a. Overview. The SMCTs document the common tasks by skill level
on which all soldiers must be trained and evaluated. These documents
assist leaders in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the soldiers in
their unit and provide a means for evaluating the effectiveness of the units
individual training program. Evaluation results also tell leaders where to
concentrate training to improve unit readiness and help soldiers develop
professionally.
b. Leader's Assessment. The leader’s assessment focuses on
specific unit mission requirements. It gives commanders a way to evaluate
soldier performance on individual tasks that directly support their unit
mission. These tasks may be common tasks as well as MOS-specific tasks.
Leader’s assessments should be conducted year round. Unit commanders
should make leader’s comments an integral part of their unit training so
hands -on evaluation is systematically performed at the unit level.
1-2
(1) Tasks selected for leader’s assessments include, but are not
limited to, individual tasks that
(a) Support the units mission essential task list (METL).
(b) Support other non-METL unit tasks as shown in the MTP.
(c) Are identified by higher headquarters for inclusion in
planned individual training.
(d) Were rated as substandard on previous training feedback,
such as the common task test (CTT) or annual general inspections.
(e) Are relevant to the soldier’s MOS but not required in his
current duty assignment.
(2) Leaders may conduct their assessment
(a) Before, during, or after individual skills training.
(b) As part of MTP training.
(c) On the job.
(d) At specially prepared test sites or in a battlefield scenario.
(e) During training or job breaks.
(f) After hours in the barracks.
(g) During special squad or individual competitive events.
(3) The leader’s assessment evaluates the combat effectiveness of
soldiers and the unit. Commanders can use this evaluation to correct training
deficiencies and plan unit training. Commanders can also use the results for
personnel actions (such as preparing enlisted evaluation reports, making
recommendations for promotions , and other personnel management
decisions).
c. Common Task Test (CTT). The CTT is a hands -on test to evaluate
proficiency on critical combat and survival tasks. A new CTT is fielded each
year, based on STP 21-1-SMCT and STP 21-24-SMCT. Refer to AR 350-1
for details on test administration and scoring. Units may administer the CTT
any time during the test period. CTT evaluations should be integrated with
training exercises to conserve resources and improve realism. For example,
units could test soldiers on CTT tasks during
MTP evaluations and other collective training activities.
Weapons qualification.
Gas chamber training.
Stations in a soldier battlefield course or military stakes
competition.
The CTT is a routine part of the training schedule; it is a m ajor event on the
unit calendar. Like the leader’s assessment, CTT results are objective
measures for the commander to use to evaluate unit readiness and the
1-3
effectiveness of the training program. Leaders also consider CTT results
when preparing enlisted evaluation reports and recommending soldiers for
promotion.
1-3. SMCT FEATURES
a. Common Task Training Plan. The common task training plan
(chapter 2) lists, by skill level, the critical common tasks for which all soldiers
are responsible. It indicates where each task is first taught to standard and
how often training on the task is required to sustain proficiency. Leaders
should use this information to develop a comprehensive unit training plan.
b. Task Summary. Each task summary documents the performance
requirements of a critical common task. The summaries provide the soldier
and the trainer with the information necessary to evaluate the critical tasks.
The task summaries use the following format:
Task Title. The task title identifies the action to be performed.
Task Number. A ten-digit number identifies each task. The first
three digits of the number represent the proponent code for that task. (A list
of the proponent codes is given in appendix A.) Include the entire ten-digit
task number, along with the task title, in any correspondence relating to the
task.
Conditions. The task conditions identify all the equipment, tools,
materials, references, job aids, and supporting personnel the soldier needs
to perform the task. This section identifies environmental conditions that can
alter task performance (such as visibility, temperature, or wind). This section
also identifies specific cues or events (such as a chemical attack or
identification of an unexploded ordnance hazard) that trigger task
performance.
Standard. A task standard specifies the requirements for task
performance by indicating how well, completely, or accurately a product
must be produced, a process must be performed, or both. Standards are
described in terms of accuracy, tolerances, completeness, format, clarity,
number of errors, quantity, sequence, or speed of performance.
Training and Evaluation Guide. This section has two parts. The
first part, Performance Steps, lists the individual steps the soldier must
complete to perform the task. The second part is the Performance
Evaluation Guide. This provides guidance on how to evaluate a soldier’s
performance of the task. It is composed of three subsections. The Evaluation
Preparation subsection identifies special setup procedures and, if required,
instructions for evaluating the task performance. Sometimes the conditions
and standard must be modified so the task can be evaluated in a situation
that does not exactly duplicate actual field performance. This subsection
may also include instructions the evaluator should give to the soldier before
the performance test. The Performance Measures subsection identifies the
1-4
criteria for acceptable task performance. The soldier is rated (GO/NO GO)
on each specific action or specific product produced. As indicated in the
Evaluation Guidance subsection, the soldier must score a GO on all (or each
specified) performance measure to receive a GO on the task.
References. This section identifies references that provide more
detailed and thorough explanations of task performance requirements than
that given in the task summary description. This section identifies resources
the soldier can use to improve or maintain performance.
Additionally, task summaries can include safety statements, environmental
considerations, and notes. Safety statements (danger, warning, caution)
alert users to the possibility of immediate death, personal injury, or damage
to equipment. Notes provide additional information to support task
performance.
c. Training Support. This manual includes the following that provide
additional training support information.
Appendix A (Proponent School and Agency Codes )lists the
task proponents and agency codes (first three digits of the task number) with
addresses for submitting comments concerning specific tasks in this manual.
Appendix B (Guide to Forms)explains the use of various
SMCT training and evaluation forms and, in the online version, provides links
to the forms.
Glossarylists abbreviations and acronyms and their
definitions.
References lists all reference materials cited in the task
summaries by type, identification number, title, and date.
1-4. CONDUCTING COMMON TASK TRAINING AND EVALUATION
a. Role of the Commander. As a commander, you must ensure that
your training plan prepares the unit for the full spectrum of operations. The
plan should enable your soldiers to develop and sustain proficiency on the
MOS-specific and common tasks for their skill level. Use critical common
task summaries to evaluate your soldiers' proficiency on those tasks critical
to your unit mission. An effective training program converts unproductive
time into effective training time. This will upgrade the skills of individual
soldiers and promote the development of junior leaders. To develop an
effective unit training program we reiterate, from the STP 21-1-SMCT, the
following seven-step approach
Step 1. Set the objectives for training.
Step 2. Plan the resources (personnel, time, funds, facilities, devices,
training aids).
Step 3. Train the trainers.
Step 4. Provide the resources.
1-5
Step 5. Manage risks, environmental and safety considerations.
Step 6. Conduct the training.
Step 7. Evaluate the results.
b. Role of the Trainer. Although training is everyone’s business, you,
the NCO, are the key to training the individual soldiers assigned to your unit.
You should be the first to recognize which tasks each soldier can or cannot
perform. You must ensure each soldier takes steps to master these tasks.
This manual will assist you, the trainer, in doing what trainers do besttrain.
To train effectively, you must perform the following functions.
(1) Plan the training. You can usually integrate or conduct training
for specific common tasks concurrently with other training or during slack
periods. Use the Common Task Training Plan in chapter 2 to identify the
critical common tasks for which each soldier is responsible.
(2) Prepare yourself. Get training guidance from your chain of
command on when to train, what to train, and what resources are available.
Know the training objectives for each task and ensure you can perform the
task. Gather the necessary training references for each task, as listed in the
task summary.
(3) Obtain the resources. Gather the required resources and
prepare the training site according to the conditions statement and the
evaluation preparation section of the task summary. Ensure equipment
needed to complete the task is operational. Coordinate the use of training
aids and devices.
(4) Train the soldiers. Show the soldiers how to do the task to
standard and explain each step. Give each soldier at least one chance to
perform the task.
(5) Evaluate the soldiers. Evaluate how well the soldiers perform.
You may conduct the evaluation during individual training or while evaluating
individual performance during the conduct of unit collective tasks. Use the
Common Task Training Plan to determine how often to check soldiers to
ensure they maintain proficiency.
(6) Record the results. Record the GO/NO GO results in the
leader book. You may use DA Form 5165-R; see the Guide to Forms
(appendix B) at the end of this publication. Do not make written entries
directly on the evaluation guides in the SMCT.
(7) Retrain and reevaluate. Work with soldiers until they can
perform the task to specific soldier’s manual standard.
Good training increases the professionalism of each soldier and helps
to develop an efficient unit. You are a vital link in the conduct of good
training.
2-1
Chapter 2
Training Guide
2-1. COMMON TASK TRAINING PLAN
The Common Task Training Plan provides information to help the trainer
plan, prepare, train, evaluate, and monitor individual training in units. It lists,
by general subject area and skill level, the critical common tasks soldiers
must perform, the initial training location, and a suggested frequency of
training. The training location column uses brevity codes to indicate where
the task is first taught to standards. If the task is taught in the unit the word
“UNIT” appears in this column. “SD” indicates tasks trained via self-
development media. If it is taught in the training base, the brevity code
(BCT, OSUT, AIT) of the resident course appears. Brevity codes and
resident courses are listed below.
ANCOC Advanced NCO Course
BNCOC Basic NCO Course
PLDC Primary Leadership Development Course
BCT Basic Combat Training
OSUT One Station Unit Training
AIT Advanced Individual Training
UNIT Trained in/by the Unit
SD Self-Development Training
The sustainment training column lists how often (frequency) soldiers should
train on the task to ensure they maintain their proficiency. This information
is not a requirement, but rather a guide the commander can use to develop a
comprehensive unit training plan. The commander, with the unit trainers, is
in the best position to determine on which tasks and how often soldiers need
training to maintain unit readiness.
Frequency Codes
AN Annually
SA Semi-Annually
QT Quarterly
2-2
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Skill Level 1
Subject Area 1. Individual Conduct and Laws of War
181-101-1013 Comply with the Uniform
Code of Military Justice
(UCMJ)
BCT/OSUT AN
181-105-1001 Comply with the Law of
War and the Geneva and
Hague Conventions
BCT/OSUT AN
224-176-1425 Interact with News Media BCT/OSUT AN
331-202-1049 Comply with the
Requirements of the Code
of Conduct
BCT/OSUT AN
805C-PAD-1245 Support Unit and Family
Readiness Through the
Army Family Team
Building (AFTB) Program
BCT/OSUT AN
805C-PAD-1391 Co mply with the Army's
Equal Opportunity and
Sexual Harassment
Policies
BCT/OSUT AN
Subject Area 2. First Aid
081-831-1000 Evaluate a Casualty BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1003 Perform First Aid to Clear
an Object Stuck in the
Throat of a Conscious
Casualty
BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1005 Perform First Aid to
Prevent or Control Shock BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1007 Perform First Aid for Burns BCT/OSUT AN
2-3
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
081-831-1008 Perform First Aid for Heat
Injuries UNIT AN
081-831-1025 Perform First Aid for an
Open Abdominal Wound UNIT AN
081-831-1026 Perform First Aid for an
Open Chest Wound UNIT AN
081-831-1032 Perform First Aid for
Bleeding of an Extremity BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1033 Perform First Aid for an
Open Head Wound BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1034 Perform First Aid for a
Suspected Fracture BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1042 Perform Mouth-to-Mouth
Resuscitation BCT/OSUT SA
081-831-1044 Perform First Aid for Nerve
Agent Injury BCT/OSUT QT
081-831-1045 Perform First Aid for Cold
Injuries UNIT AN
081-831-1046 Transport a Casualty BCT/OSUT AN
081-831-1053 Practice Individual
Preventive Medicine
Countermeasures
BCT/OSUT SA
Subject Area 3. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC)
031-503-1013 Decontaminate Yourself
and Individual Equipment
Using Chemical
Decontaminating Kits
BCT/OSUT AN
2-4
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
031-503-1015 Protect Yourself from NBC
Injury/Contamination with
Mission-Oriented
Protective Posture (MOPP)
Gear
BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1017 Respond to Depleted
Uranium BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1018 React to Nuclear
Hazard/Attack BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1019 React to Chemical or
Biological Hazard/Attack BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1035 Protect Yourself from
Chemical/Biological
Contamination Using Your
Assigned Protective Mask
BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1036 Maintain Your Assigned
Protective Mask BCT/OSUT AN
031-503-1037 Detect Chemical Agents
Using M8 or M9 Detector
Paper
BCT/OSUT AN
Subject Area 4. Survive (Combat Techniques)
052-192-1042 Perform Self-Extraction
From a Mined Area AIT QT
052-192-1242 Locate Mine and Booby
Trap Indicators by Visual
Means
AIT AN
071-326-0502 Move Under Direct Fire BCT/OSUT SA
071-326-0503 Move Over, Through, or
Around Obstacles (Except
Minefields)
BCT/OSUT SA
2-5
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
071-326-0510 React to Indirect Fire While
Dismounted BCT/OSUT SA
071-326-0511 React to Flares BCT/OSUT SA
071-326-0513 Select Temporary Fighting
Positions BCT/OSUT SA
071-326-3002 React to Indirect Fire While
Mounted UNIT AN
071-326-5703 Construct Individual
Fighting Positions BCT/OSUT SA
071-331-0815 Practice Noise, Light, and
Litter Discipline BCT/OSUT SA
071-331-1004 Perform Duty as a Guard BCT/OSUT AN
071-410-0002 React to Direct Fire While
Mounted UNIT AN
071-710-0006 Plan Use of Night Vision
Devices UNIT SA
093-401-5040 React to Unexploded
Ordnance Hazards UNIT SA
551-88M -0005 Operate a Vehicle in a
Convoy UNIT SA
Subject Area 5. Navigate
071-329-1006 Navigate from One Point
on the Ground to Another
Point While Dismounted
BCT/OSUT SA
071-329-1030 Navigate from One Point
on the Ground to Another
Point While Mounted
UNIT SA
2-6
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 6. Communicate
113-571-1022 Perform Voice
Communications BCT/OSUT SA
113-600-2001 Communicate Via a
Tactical Telephone BCT/OSUT AN
113-637-2001 Communicate Via a
Tactical Radio in a Secure
Net
BCT/OSUT AN
Subject Area 7. See
071-331-0804 Perform Surveillance
Without the Aid of
Electronic Devices
UNIT SA
071-730-0014 Identify Combat Vehicles UNIT SA
Subject Area 8. Hand Grenades and Land Mines
071-325-4401 Perform Safety Checks on
Hand Grenades BCT/OSUT SA
071-325-4407 Employ Hand Grenades BCT/OSUT SA
071-325-4425 Employ an M18A1
Claymore Mine BCT/OSUT QT
Subject Area 9. M16-Series Rifle
071-008-0007 Engage Targets with an
M16-Series Rifle Using an
AN/PAS-13 Series
Thermal Weapon Sight
BCT/OSUT AN
071-311-2025 Maintain an M16-Series
Rifle BCT/OSUT SA
071-311-2027 Load an M16-Series Rifle BCT/OSUT SA
2-7
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
071-311-2028 Unload an M16-Series
Rifle BCT/OSUT SA
071-315-2308 Engage Targets with an
M16-Series Rifle Using a
Night Vision Sight
AN/PVS-4
BCT/OSUT QT
Subject Area 10. M240B Machine Gun
071-000-0005 Prepare a Range Card for
a Machine Gun UNIT SA
071-025-0001 Maintain an M240B
Machine Gun AIT QT
071-025-0003 Load an M240B Machine
Gun AIT QT
071-025-0004 Unload an M240B Machine
Gun AIT QT
071-025-0007 Engage Targets with an
M240B Machine Gun AIT QT
Subject Area 11. M249 Machine Gun
071-010-0006 Engage Targets with an
M249 Machine Gun BCT/OSUT AN
071-312-4025 Maintain an M249 Machine
Gun BCT/OSUT QT
071-312-4027 Load an M249 Machine
Gun BCT/OSUT AN
071-312-4028 Unload an M249 Machine
Gun BCT/OSUT AN
Subject Area 12. M60 Machine Gun
071-312-3025 Maintain an M60 Machine
Gun UNIT SA
2-8
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
071-312-3027 Load an M60 Machine Gun UNIT SA
071-312-3028 Unload an M60 Machine
Gun UNIT SA
071-312-3031 Engage Targets with an
M60 Machine Gun UNIT SA
Subject Area 13. MK19 Machine Gun
071-030-0001 Maintain an MK19 Machine
Gun UNIT AN
071-030-0004 Engage Targets with an
MK19 Machine Gun UNIT AN
071-030-0005 Load an MK19 Machine
Gun UNIT AN
071-030-0006 Unload an MK19 Machine
Gun UNIT AN
071-030-0007 Perform a Function Check
on an MK19 Machine Gun UNIT AN
Subject Area 14. Caliber .50 M2 Machine Gun
071-022-0001 Maintain a Caliber .50 M2
Machine Gun UNIT QT
071-022-0003 Load a Caliber .50 M2
Machine Gun UNIT QT
071-022-0004 Unload a Caliber .50 M2
Machine Gun UNIT QT
071-313-3454 Engage Targets with a
Caliber .50 M2 Machine
Gun
UNIT QT
2-9
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 15. M136 Launcher
071-054-0001 Prepare an M136
Launcher for Firing BCT/OSUT AN
071-054-0002 Restore an M136 Launcher
to Carrying Configuration BCT/OSUT AN
Subject Area 16. M203 Grenade Launcher
071-311-2125 Maintain an M203 Grenade
Launcher BCT/OSUT QT
071-311-2127 Load an M203 Grenade
Launcher BCT/OSUT QT
071-311-2128 Unload an M203 Grenade
Launcher BCT/OSUT QT
071-311-2129 Correct Malfunctions of an
M203 Grenade Launcher BCT/OSUT QT
071-311-2130 Engage Targets with an
M203 Grenade Launcher BCT/OSUT QT
Subject Area 17. M4 Carbine
071-100-0003 Engage Targets with an
M4 or M4A1 Carbine UNIT AN
071-100-0004 Maintain an M4 or M4A1
Carbine UNIT AN
Subject Area 18. 9-mm Pistol
071-004-0001 Maintain an M9 Pistol UNIT AN
071-004-0003 Load an M9 Pistol UNIT AN
071-004-0004 Unload an M9 Pistol UNIT AN
071-004-0006 Engage Targets with an
M9 Pistol UNIT AN
2-10
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 19. Crowd Control
191-376-4121 Use a Riot Baton BCT/OSUT QT
191-376-4122 Position Yourself in Riot
Control Formations BCT/OSUT QT
Subject Area 20. Casualty Reporting and Handling
101-515-1997 Inter Isolated Remains
(After Receiving
Authorization)
BCT/OSUT SA
101-515-1998 Evacuate Isolated
Remains BCT/OSUT SA
101-515-1999 Recover Isolated Remains BCT/OSUT SA
Subject Area 21. Defense Measures
052-191-1361 Camouflage Yourself and
Your Individual Equipment BCT/OSUT QT
052-191-1362 Camouflage Equipment UNIT SA
191-376-4114 Control Entry to and Exit
from a Restricted Area BCT/OSUT SA
301-371-1000 Report Intelligence
Information BCT/OSUT AN
301-371-1050 Implement Operations
Security (OPSEC)
Measures
UNIT AN
2-11
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Skill Level 2
Subject Area 1. Individual Conduct and Laws of War
181-101-2023 Enforce the Uniform
Code of Military Justice
(UCMJ)
PLDC AN
181-105-2001 Enforce the Law of War
and the Geneva and
Hague Conventions
UNIT AN
181-105-2002 Conduct Combat
Operations According to
the Law of War
UNIT AN
224-176-2426 Enforce Compliance
with Media Ground
Rules
UNIT SA
331-202-1050 Enforce Compliance
with the Code of
Conduct
UNIT AN
805C-PAD-2503
Enforce Compliance
with the Army's Equal
Opportunity and Sexual
Harassment Policies
PLDC QT
Subject Area 2. First Aid
081-831-0101 Request Medical
Evacuation PLDC AN
081-831-1054 Evacuate Casualties PLDC SA
081-831-9000 Implement Preventive
Medicine Measures
(PMM)
PLDC SA
2-12
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 3. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC)
031-503-1023 Protect Yourself From
Nuclear, Biological, and
Chemical (NBC)
Injury/Contamination
When Changing
Mission-Oriented
Protective Posture
(MOPP) Gear
UNIT SA
031-503-2001 Identify Chemical
Agents Using M256-
Series Chemical Agent
Detector Kit
UNIT SA
031-503-2023 Measure Radiation
Dose Rate and Total
Dose
UNIT SA
031-503-3002 Conduct Unmasking
Procedures UNIT SA
031-503-3004 Supervise the Crossing
of a Contaminated Area UNIT SA
031-503-3005 Submit an NBC 1
Report UNIT SA
031-503-3008 Implement Mission-
Oriented Protective
Posture (MOPP)
UNIT SA
031-503-3010 Supervise the
Employment of Nuclear,
Biological, and
Chemical (NBC)
Markers
UNIT AN
2-13
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
031-503-4002 Supervise Unit
Preparation for a
Nuclear, Biological, and
Chemical (NBC) Attack
UNIT AN
031-506-1053 Report NBC Information
Using NBC 4 Report UNIT SA
031-506-2061 Conduct a Mask Fit
Test UNIT QT
Subject Area 4. Survive (Combat Techniques)
061-283-6003 Adjust Indirect Fire UNIT QT
071-326-0608 Use Visual Signaling
Techniques PLDC SA
071-326-5704 Supervise Construction
of a Fighting Position PLDC AN
071-326-5705 Establish an
Observation Post PLDC AN
Subject Area 5. Navigate
071-329-1019 Use a Map Overlay UNIT QT
Subject Area 20. Casualty Reporting and Handling
805C-PAD-2060
Report Casualties UNIT SA
Subject Area 21. Defense Measures
071-430-0002 Conduct a Defense by a
Squad PLDC SA
2-14
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 22. Unit Operations
071-326-5502 Issue a Fragmentary
Order PLDC QT
071-326-5503 Issue a Warning Order PLDC QT
551-88N-0002 Prepare for Unit Move UNIT QT
Subject Area 23. Security and Control
301-371-1200 Process Captured
Materiel UNIT AN
Subject Area 25. Equipment Checks
091-CLT-4029 Supervise Preventive
Maintenance Checks
and Services (PMCS)
PLDC QT
101-92Y-0003 Enforce Compliance
with Supply Discipline
Procedures
PLDC SA
101-92Y-0004 Enforce Property
Accountability Policies PLDC SA
101-92Y-0005 Enforce Compliance
with Property
Accountability Policies
PLDC SA
101-92Y-0006 Inspect Equipment for
Accountability,
Cleanliness, and
Serviceability
UNIT QT
2-15
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Subject Area 27. Risk Management
850-001-2000 Employ Accident
Prevention Measures
and Risk Management
Process
PLDC QT
Subject Area 28. Administration/Management
805C-PAD-2044
Recommend Individual
for Award PLDC QT
805C-PAD-2145
Counsel a Soldier on
the Contents of a
Noncommissioned
Officer Evaluation
Report and NCOER
Checklist
PLDC QT
805C-PAD-2146
Prepare the Rater's
Portion of a
Noncommissioned
Officer Evaluation
Report (NCOER)
PLDC AN
805C-PAD-2402
Provide Input on
Personnel Actions
Affecting Subordinates
PLDC QT
805C-PAD-2407
Recommend
Disciplinary Action for a
Soldier
PLDC AN
805C-PAD-2461
Maintain Accountability
of Personnel (Status
Report)
UNIT SA
805C-PAD-2472
Prepare a Duty Roster UNIT AN
2-16
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Skill Level 3
Subject Area 1. Individual Conduct and Laws of War
805C-PAD-3238
Enforce the Equal
Opportunity Program BNCOC QT
Subject Area 4. Survive (Combat Techniques)
052-192-4053 Supervise Minefield
Breaching Operations UNIT SA
071-410-0012 Conduct Occupation of
an Assembly Area BNCOC SA
071-420-0021 Conduct a Movement to
Contact by a Platoon BNCOC SA
071-430-0028 Consolidate a Unit BNCOC SA
071-430-0029 Reorganize a Unit BNCOC SA
Subject Area 5. Navigate
071-332-5000 Prepare an Operation
Overlay BNCOC QT
Subject Area 19. Crowd Control
191-378-4302 Form Squad-Size Riot
Control Formations UNIT AN
Subject Area 21. Defense Measures
052-195-3066 Direct Construction of
Nonexplosive Obstacles UNIT AN
071-410-0019 Control Organic Fires UNIT SA
2-17
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
441-091-3000 Supervise the
Implementation of Air
Defense Measures
UNIT AN
Subject Area 22. Unit Operations
071-326-3013 Conduct a Tactical
Road March BNCOC QT
071-326-5805 Conduct a Route
Reconnaissance
Mission
UNIT QT
071-332-5021 Prepare a Situation
Map UNIT QT
071-720-0015 Conduct an Area
Reconnaissance by a
Platoon
UNIT QT
101-92Y-0002 Plan Tactical Resupply
Operations BNCOC SA
301-371-1150 Identify Intelligence and
Electronic Warfare
(IEW) Assets
BNCOC AN
551-88M-0001 Lead a Convoy
Serial/March Unit UNIT SA
551-88N-0003 Plan Unit Move UNIT SA
Subject Area 23. Security and Control
191-379-4407 Plan Convoy Security
Operations UNIT QT
2-18
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
301-371-1052 Protect Classified
Information and
Material
UNIT AN
805C-PAD-3594
Store Classified
Information and
Materials
UNIT AN
Subject Area 24. Enemy Personnel
191-379-4450 Supervise Handling of
Enemy Personnel and
Equipment at Squad
Level
UNIT AN
Subject Area 27. Risk Management
850-001-3001 Control Mission Safety
Hazard UNIT QT
Subject Area 28. Administration/Management
805C-PAD-3147
Prepare the Senior
Rater's Portion of a
Noncommissioned
Officer Evaluation
Report (NCOER)
UNIT AN
2-19
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
Skill Level 4
Subject Area 2. First Aid
081-831-1047 Supervise the
Implementation of
Preventive Medicine
Policies
UNIT AN
081-831-1055 Ensure Unit Combat
Lifesaver Requirements
Are Met
UNIT SA
Subject Area 4. Survive (Combat Techniques)
071-326-5775 Coordinate with an
Adjacent Platoon ANCOC QT
101-CLT-0198 Supervise Tactical
Feeding Operation UNIT QT
Subject Area 19. Crowd Control
191-379-5400 Form the Platoon into a
Riot Control Formation UNIT SA
Subject Area 21. Defense Measures
071-430-0006 Conduct a Defense by a
Platoon ANCOC QT
Subject Area 22. Unit Operations
091-CLT-3009 Supervise Maintenance
Operations ANCOC QT
101-92Y-0001 Supervise Supply
Activities UNIT QT
2-20
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
151-357-0001 Supervise CSS
Functions During
Platoon Operations
ANCOC AN
151-357-0002 Coordinate Combat
Service Support (CSS)
Operations
ANCOC AN
159-200-2020 Integrate Threat
Capabilities into Mission
Planning
ANCOC QT
181-101-4001 Conduct a
Search/Seizure ANCOC SA
551-721-4326 Perform Duties as
Convoy Commander UNIT SA
Subject Area 23. Security and Control
191-379-4408 Plan Security for a
Command Post (CP) UNIT SA
Subject Area 26. Crime Prevention
191-379-4425 Implement the Unit's
Crime Prevention
Program
UNIT AN
Subject Area 27. Risk Management
850-001-4001 Integrate Risk
Management into
Mission Plans
ANCOC QT
Subject Area 28. Administration/Management
805C-PAD-4359
Manage Soldier's
Deployment
Requirements
UNIT SA
2-21
Common Task Training Plan
Task Number Title
Training
Location
Sustainment
Training
Frequency
805C-PAD-4550
Prepare a Standing
Operating Procedure
(SOP)
ANCOC SA
805C-PAD-4597
Integrate Newly
Assigned Soldiers UNIT QT
2-2. SUBJECT AREA CODES .
Below is a list of subject areas contained in this STP. Table 2-1
shows the relationship of subject areas between this STP and STP
21-1-SMCT.
Skill Level 2
1 Individual Conduct and Laws of War
2 First Aid
3 Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC)
4 Survive (Combat Techniques)
5 Navigate
20 Casualty Reporting and Handling
21 Defense Measures
22 Unit Operations
23 Security and Control
25 Equipment Checks
27 Risk Management
28 Administration/Management
Skill Level 3
1 Individual Conduct and Laws of War
4 Survive (Combat Techniques)
5 Navigate
19 Crowd Control
21 Defense Measures
2-22
22 Unit Operations
23 Security and Control
24 Enemy Personnel
27 Risk Management
28 Administration/Management
Skill Level 4
2 First Aid
4 Survive (Combat Techniques)
19 Crowd Control
21 Defense Measures
22 Unit Operations
23 Security and Control
26 Crime Prevention
27 Risk Management
28 Administration/Management
2-23
Table 2-1. Subject Areas in the Soldiers Manuals of Common Tasks
Note. Columns at right indicate subject areas included in each manual, by skill level.
STP 21-1-SMCT STP 21-24-SMCT
Subject Area SL 1 SL 2 SL 3 SL 4
1
Individual Conduct and Laws
of War µ µ µ
2
First Aid µ µ µ
3
Nuclear, Biological, and
Chemical (NBC) µ µ
4
Survive (Combat Techniques) µ µ µ µ
5
Navigate µ µ µ
6
Communicate µ
7
See µ
8
Hand Grenades and Land
Mines µ
9
M16-Series Rifle µ
10
M240B Machine Gun µ
11
M249 Machine Gun µ
12
M60 Machine Gun µ
13
MK19 Machine Gun µ
14
Caliber .50 M2 Machine Gun µ
15
M136 Launcher µ
16
M203 Grenade Launcher µ
17
M4 Carbine µ
18
9-mm Pistol µ
19
Crowd Control µ µ µ
20
Casualty Reporting and
Handling µ µ
21
Defense Measures µ µ µ µ
22
Unit Operations µ µ µ
23
Security and Control µ µ µ
24
Enemy Personnel µ
25
Equipment Checks µ
26
Crime Prevention µ
27
Risk Management µ µ µ
28
Administration/Management µ µ µ
Skill Level 2 181-101-2023 3-1
Skill Level 2
Chapter 3
Skill Levels 2, 3, and 4 Tasks
Skill Level 2
SUBJECT AREA 1: INDIVIDUAL CONDUCT AND LAWS OF WAR
181-101-2023
Enforce the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ)
Conditions: You are a noncommissioned officer (NCO) in a leadership
pos ition in the U.S. Army. You are responsible for understanding that
disciplinary action against a soldier for misconduct is a command
responsibility. You are responsible for understanding the military justice
system, including the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and
disciplinary options available to a commander. You are responsible for
identifying potential violations of the UCMJ and expeditiously reporting them
to the appropriate authorities for investigation and processing.
Standards: Understood that disciplinary action against a soldier for
misconduct was a command responsibility. Understood the military justice
system, including the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and the
disciplinary options available to a commander. Identified potential violations
of the UCMJ and expeditiously reported them to the appropriate authorities
for investigation and processing.
Performance Steps
1. Describe how disciplinary action against a soldier is a command
responsibility.
2. Identify who has authority to take disciplinary action against a soldier for
misconduct.
3. Describe a soldier's responsibility to identify potential or actual violations
of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and expeditiously report
these violations to the appropriate authorities for investigation and
processing.
4. Describe a commander's responsibility to conduct a preliminary
investigation into misconduct allegedly committed by a soldier under his
command.
a. Describe the basis and procedures of a commander's inquiry.
b. Describe the basis and procedures of an AR 15-6 investigation.
3-2 181-101-2023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
c. Describe the requirement for the military police or Criminal
Investigation Division (CID) to conduct a criminal investigation.
5. List the disciplinary options available to the commander.
a. Describe how a commander can take no action at all or close a case.
b. Describe how a commander can use administrative or nonpunitive
measures.
(1) List administrative or nonpunitive disciplinary measures available
to a commander.
(2) Describe why a commander would wish to use nonpunitive or
administrative disciplinary measures rather than impose nonjudicial
punishment or proceed to court-martial.
(3) Describe how an NCO leader may be involved in the imposition
of nonpunitive or administrative disciplinary measures (such as counseling
or corrective training) to a subordinate soldier.
c. Describe how a commander can use nonjudicial punishment.
(1) Define nonjudicial punishment.
(2) List the different types of nonjudicial punishment.
(3) Describe nonjudicial punishment procedures.
(4) Describe a soldier's legal rights during nonjudicial punishment
procedures.
(5) List the maximum punishment available under nonjudicial
punishment.
(6) Describe a soldier's appellate rights under nonjudicial
punishment.
d. Describe how a commander can use judicial punishment.
(1) Define judicial punishment.
(2) List the different types of court-martial in the military justice
system.
(3) Describe judicial or court-martial procedures.
(4) Describe a soldier's legal rights during judicial or court-martial
punishment.
(5) List the maximum punishment available under judicial or court-
martial punishment.
(6) Describe a soldier's appellate rights under judicial or court-
martial punishment.
Skill Level 2 181-101-2023 3-3
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
6. List factors a commander should consider when determining what
disciplinary option to pursue.
a. Describe whether a commander should consider the character and
military service of the accused.
b. Describe whether a commander should consider the nature and
circumstances of the offense and the extent of the harm caused.
c. Describe whether a commander should consider the needs of the
Service and the probable effect of his or her decision on the command and
the military community.
d. Describe whether a commander should consider the disposition of
similar offenses in the past and the general disciplinary trends within the
command.
e. Describe whether a commander should consider the appropriateness
of the authorized punishment to the particular accused and offense.
f. Describe whether a commander should determine whether he has
jurisdiction over the accused and the offense.
g. Describe whether a commander should consider the availability and
admissibility of evidence against the accused.
h. Describe whether a commander should consider the cooperation of
the accused in the apprehension or conviction of others.
i. Describe whether a commander should consider the possible
improper motives of the accuser.
j. Describe whether a commander should consider that the victim or
others are reluctant to testify.
7. Describe the permissibility of a commander discussing and gaining input
from an NCO leader regarding which disciplinary option to pursue against a
subordinate soldier within the unit.
8. Describe the authority of an NCO to issue a lawful order to a subordinate
soldier.
a. Describe the duty of a subordinate soldier to follow this order.
b. Describe the potential adverse ramifications for a soldier violating
this order.
c. Describe the elements and maximum punishment available under
Article 91, UCMJ.
3-4 181-101-2023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task at the end of military justice training.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that he will be evaluated on his ability to
understand that disciplinary action against a soldier for misconduct is a
command responsibility. Tell the soldier that he will also be evaluated on his
ability to understand the military justice system, including the UCMJ; the
disciplinary options available to a commander; and the ability to identify
potential violations of the UCMJ and expeditiously report them to the
appropriate authorities for investigation and processing.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Described how disciplinary action against a soldier
is a command responsibility. —— ——
2. Identified who has authority to take disciplinary
action against a soldier for misconduct. —— ——
3. Described a soldier's responsibility to identify
potential or actual violations of the UCMJ and
expeditiously report these violations to the appropriate
authorities for investigation and processing.
—— ——
4. Described a commander's responsibility to conduct
a preliminary investigation into misconduct allegedly
committed by a soldier under his or her command.
—— ——
a. Described the basis and procedures of a
commander's inquiry.
b. Described the basis and procedures of an AR
15-6 investigation.
c. Described the requirement for the military police
or CID to conduct a criminal investigation.
5. Listed disciplinary options available to the
commander. —— ——
a. Described how a commander can take no action
at all or close a case.
b. Described how a commander can use
administrative or nonpunitive measures.
(1) Listed administrative or nonpunitive
disciplinary measures available to a commander.
(2) Described why a commander would wish to
use nonpunitive or administrative disciplinary measures
rather than impose nonjudicial punishment or proceed
to court-martial.
Skill Level 2 181-101-2023 3-5
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
(3) Described how an NCO leader may be
involved in the imposition of nonpunitive or
administrative disciplinary measures, such as
counseling or corrective training, to a subordinate
soldier.
c. Described how a commander can use
nonjudicial punishment.
(1) Defined nonjudicial punishment.
(2) Listed the different types of nonjudicial
punishment.
(3) Described nonjudicial punishment
procedures.
(4) Described a soldier's legal rights during
nonjudicial punishment procedures.
(5) Listed the maximum punishment available
under nonjudicial punishment.
(6) Described a soldier's appellate rights under
nonjudicial punishment.
d. Described how a commander can use judicial
punishment.
(1) Defined judicial punishment.
(2) Listed the different types of court-martial in
the military justice system.
(3) Described judicial or court-martial
procedures.
(4) Described a soldier's legal rights during
judicial or court-martial punishment.
(5) Listed the maximum punishment available
under judicial or court-martial punishment.
(6) Described a soldier's appellate rights under
judicial or court-martial punishment.
6. Listed factors a commander should consider when
determining what disciplinary option to pursue. —— ——
a. Described whether a commander should
consider the character and military service of the
accused.
3-6 181-101-2023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
b. Described whether a commander should
consider the nature and circumstances of the offense
and the extent of the harm caused.
c. Described whether a commander should
consider the needs of the Service and the probable
effect of his or her decision on the command and the
military community.
d. Described whether a commander should
consider the disposition of similar offenses in the past
and the general disciplinary trends within the command.
e. Described whether a commander should
consider the appropriateness of the authorized
punishment to the particular accused and offense.
f. Described whether a commander should
determine whether he has jurisdiction over the accused
and the offense.
g. Described whether a commander should
consider the availability and admissibility of evidence
against the accused.
h. Described whether a commander should
consider the cooperation of the accused in the
apprehension or conviction of others.
i. Described whether a commander should
consider the possible improper motives of the accuser.
j. Described whether a commander should
consider that the victim or others are reluctant to testify.
7. Described the permissibility of a commander
discussing and gaining input from an NCO leader
regarding which disciplinary option to pursue against a
subordinate soldier within the unit.
—— ——
8. Described the authority of an NCO to issue a lawful
order to a subordinate soldier. —— ——
a. Described the duty of a subordinate soldier to
follow this order.
b. Described the potential adverse ramifications for
a soldier violating this order.
c. Described the elements and maximum
punishments available under Article 91, UCMJ.
Skill Level 2 181-105-2001 3-7
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do
it correctly.
181-105-2001
Enforce the Law of War and the Geneva and Hague Conventions
Conditions: You are a soldier in the U.S. Army. As a soldier, you are
responsible for identifying, understanding, and complying with the provisions
of the Law of War, including the Geneva and Hague conventions. You are
also responsible for identifying and notifying the appropriate authorities of
any suspected or known violations of the Law of War. The appropriate
authorities, including your chain of command, must enforce the provisions of
the Law of War, including the Geneva and Hague conventions.
Standards: Identified, understood, and complied with the Law of War.
Identified problems or situations that violated the policies and took
appropriate action, including notifying appropriate authorities, so expedient
action could be taken to correct the problem or situation.
Performance Steps
1. Identify the key violations of the Law of War.
a. Define what is a Law of War violation.
b. Identify the two general types of war crimes.
c. Define what constitutes a grave breach and give examples .
d. Describe what obligations exist if there is a grave breach.
e. Define what constitutes an other than grave breach or a simple
breach and give examples .
f. Describe what obligations exist if there is a simple breach.
2. Describe the responsibilities of U.S. soldiers to obey the Law of War.
a. Describe how U.S. soldiers are bound to obey all the rules of the
Customary Law of War and the Hague and Geneva Conventions .
b. Describe how U.S. soldiers may be court-martialed for violating
these rules.
c. Describe how U.S. soldiers may also be prosecuted for committing
a war crime.
3. Describe the responsibilities of the commander in regard to violations
of the Law of War.
3-8 181-105-2001 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
a. Describe how the legal responsibility for the commission of a war
crime can be placed on the commander as well as the subordinate who
actually commits the war crime.
b. Describe the circumstances under which a commander may be
prosecuted for the commission of a war crime.
4. Describe a criminal order and a soldier's responsibility toward a
criminal order.
a. Describe the applicability of a soldier asserting the defense of
"obeying a superior order" for the commission of a war crime.
b. Describe whether a subordinate soldier, who actually commits a
war crime, is excused from prosecution if the commander is charged with
the commission of the war crime.
c. Describe the responsibility of a soldier to disobey any order that
requires the soldier to commit criminal acts in violation of the Law of War.
d. Describe the responsibility of a soldier to obey the rules of
engagement and the potential consequences for violating the rules of
engagement.
e. Describe the responsibility of the soldier to ask a superior for
clarification of an order presumed to be criminal or illegal.
5. Identify the key requirements in processing violations of the Law of
War.
a. Describe what actions are required when a Law of War violation is
suspected.
b. Describe what your combatant commander-in-chief's (CINC)
guidance is.
c. Describe the requirement to report suspected violations of the Law
of War.
d. Describe the obligations of the investigative team.
(1) Describe who appoints the investigating officer(s).
(2) Describe the qualifications of the investigating officer(s).
(3) Describe the importance of timely collection of
inform ation/evidence.
(4) Describe the Initial Report format.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task at the end of Law of War training.
Skill Level 2 181-105-2001 3-9
Skill Level 2
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that he will be evaluated on his ability to
identify, understand, and comply with the Law of War, including the Geneva
and Hague conventions. Tell the soldier that he will also be evaluated on his
ability to identify problems or situations that violate the Law of War and take
appropriate action, including notifying appropriate authorities of actual or
suspected violations, so expedient action may be taken to correct the
problem or situation.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Identified the key violations of the Law of War. —— ——
a. Defined a Law of War violation.
b. Identified the two general types of war crimes.
c. Defined what constitutes a grave breach and
gave examples .
d. Described what obligations exist if there is a
grave breach.
e. Defined what constitutes an other than grave
breach or a simple breach, and gave examples .
f. Described what obligations exist if there is a
simple breach.
2. Described the responsibilities of U.S. soldiers to
obey the Law of War. —— ——
a. Described how U.S. soldiers are bound to obey
all the rules of the Customary Law of War and the
Hague and Geneva Conventions.
b. Described how U.S. soldiers may be court-
martialed for violating these rules.
c. Described how U.S. soldiers may also be
pros ecuted for committing a war crime.
3. Described the responsibilities of the commander in
regard to violations of the Law of War. —— ——
a. Described how the legal responsibility for the
commission of a war crime can be placed on the
commander as well as the subordinate who actually
commits the war crime.
b. Described the circumstances under which a
commander may be prosecuted for the commission of a
war crime.
3-10 181-105-2001 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
4. Described a criminal order and a soldier's
responsibility toward a criminal order. —— ——
a. Described the applicability of a soldier asserting
the defense of "obeying a superior order" for the
commission of a war crime.
b. Described whether a subordinate soldier, who
actually commits a war crime, is excused from
prosecution if the commander is charged with the
commission of the war crime.
c. Described the responsibility of a soldier to
disobey any order that requires the soldier to commit
criminal acts in violation of the Law of War.
d. Described the responsibility of a soldier to obey
the rules of engagement and the potential
consequences for violating the rules of engagement.
e. Described the responsibility of the soldier to ask
a superior for clarification of an order presumed to be
criminal or illegal.
5. Identified the key requirements in processing
violations of the Law of War. —— ——
a. Described what actions are required when a
Law of War violation is suspected.
b. Described what your combatant commander-in-
chief's (CINC) guidance is.
c. Described the requirement to report suspected
violations of the Law of War.
d. Described the obligations of the investigative
team.
(1) Described who appoints the investigating
officer(s).
(2) Described the qualifications for the
investigating officer(s).
(3) Described the importance of timely collection
of information/evidence.
(4) Described the initial report format.
Skill Level 2 181-105-2002 3-11
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do
it correctly.
181-105-2002
Conduct Combat Operations According to the Law of War
Conditions: You are a soldier in a deployed unit who has a mission that
requires you and your subordinates to be actively involved in operations
governed by the Law of War.
Standards: Conducted operations in accordance with the Law of War and
employed actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.
Performance Steps
1. Identify the key elements of the Hague and Geneva conventions that
pertain to combat operations.
a. Unlawful and lawful targets.
b. Noncombatants.
c. Lawful use of force.
d. Protected propertyproperty dedicated to the humanities;
structures and items of cultural or historical significance; and schools,
orphanages, and other places dedicated to the use and benefit of
children.
e. Protected medical transports and facilities.
f. Proper use of medical service symbols, a flag of truce, national
emblems, and/or insignia or uniforms of an opposing force.
g. Define perfidy and treachery.
h. Proportionate use of force.
i. Weapons and actions that cause unnecessary suffering and harm.
j. Duties of the captor to prisoners of war, retained persons, and
detainees.
k. Duties of combatants toward civilians and civilian property.
l. Rights, responsibilities, and discipline of prisoners of war.
m.War crimes constituting grave breaches.
n. State obligations when evidence of a war crime exists.
o. Requirements to report Law of War violations.
2. Employ actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.
a. Protect
3-12 181-105-2002 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(1) Noncombatants/civilians.
(2) Property.
(3) Prisoners of war, retained persons, and detainees.
(4) Medical transports and facilities.
b. Prevent engagement of unlawful targets.
(1) Protective emblems.
(2) Noncombatants and protected property.
(3) Indiscriminate fire.
(4) Rules of engagement.
c. List actions to prevent excessive use of force.
d. List actions to prevent unauthorized use of medical service
symbols, flags of truce, national emblems, and enemy uniform/insignia.
e. List actions to prevent unnecessary destruction or seizure of
property.
f. List actions to prevent unnecessary suffering and harm.
g. List actions to enforce the rights and responsibilities of prisoners of
war.
h. Describe the obligations of a military commander with respect to
prevention, suppression, and prosecution of war crimes.
i. Describe the concept of command responsibility in relation to war
crimes.
j. List methods for reporting violations of the Law of War.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task at the end of Law of War training.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that he will be evaluated on his ability to
conduct combat operations in accordance with the Law of War and employ
actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Employed actions that prevented Law of War
violations and war crimes to protect —— ——
a. Noncombatants and civilians.
b. Property.
c. Prisoners of war and detainees.
d. Protected medical transports and facilities.
Skill Level 2 224-176-2426 3-13
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
2. Employed actions that prevented Law of War
violations and war crimes: —— ——
a. Engagement of unlawful targets.
b. Excessive use of force.
c. Unauthorized use of medical services symbol,
flag of truce, national emblems, and enemy insignias
and uniforms.
d. Unnecessary suffering and harm .
3. Employed actions that enforce the rights and
responsibilities of prisoners of war. —— ——
4. Listed the duties of the captor to prisoners of war,
retained persons, and detainees. —— ——
5. Listed the duties of combatants toward civilians and
civilian property. —— ——
6. Listed the rights and responsibilities of prisoners of
war. —— ——
7. Listed war crimes that constitute grave breaches. —— ——
8. Listed the State obligations that occur when
evidence of a war crime exists. —— ——
9. Listed the requirement to report Law of War
violations. —— ——
10. Listed the specific rules of engagement. —— ——
11. Listed the commander's primary responsibilities. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do
it correctly.
224-176-2426
Enforce Compliance with Media Ground Rules
Conditions: Given a copy of your command/installation's media ground
rules in a field, MOUT, or garrison environment, enforce compliance with the
rules.
Standards: Identified the steps for enforcing media ground rules.
3-14 224-176-2426 Skill Leve l 2
Skill Level 2
CAUTION
Media ground rules may change between various command levels within garrison,
field, and deployment environments.
Performance Steps
Note: Ground rules recognize the importance of media coverage of military
operations and are not intended to prevent release of derogatory, embarrassing, or
negative information. However, during operations, specific information on friendly
troop movements, tactical deployments, and dispositions could jeopardize operational
security and endanger lives.
Note: Commanders and public affairs practitioners will establish basic ground rules
ensuring the free flow of information while safeguarding classified materials or
operational plans.
1. Obtain area-specific ground rules from the local public affairs office or
representative.
2. Define media ground rules . Media representatives are required to
contact public affairs prior to conducting any media-related activities.
3. Determine if the media representative is aware of area ground rules, if
not explain violations.
4. Be professional.
5. Inform the chain of command and public affairs representative if ground
rules are violated.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Provide soldier with a copy of the media ground rules. Obtain ground
rules from the local PAO, chain of command or refer to FM 46-1. Have one
soldier play the part of a media representative.
Brief soldier: Tell the soldier media representatives are in the area and want
to interview soldiers for a print or broadcast story. Evaluate the soldier on his
ability to enforce media ground rules.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Ensured soldier knew where to obtain a copy of
media ground rules. —— ——
2. Ensured soldier could define media ground rules. —— ——
3. Briefed media representative of violations to
established ground rules. —— ——
4. Reported ground rule violations to chain of
command or public affairs representative. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if 70 percent or more of the
performance measures are passed and NO GO if less than 70 percent of the
performance measures are passed. If the soldier scores NO GO on a
Skill Level 2 331-202-1050 3-15
Skill Level 2
performance measure, show or tell him what was wrong and how to perform
the measure correctly.
References
Required Related
AR 360-1 FM 46-1
331-202-1050
Enforce Compliance with the Code of Conduct
Conditions: As the senior military person in a unit where you and members
of your unit are placed in a survival/evasion/resistance/ escape situation. All
members of your unit have completed Code of Conduct training during the
pre-deployment training phase.
Standards: Demonstrated knowledge of the six articles of the Code of
Conduct by establishing and sustaining a chain of command, good
discipline, and a means of communications. Provided positive moral, ethical
leadership and direction on how to survive, evade, resist, and escape in
accordance with the guidelines established in the Code of Conduct.
Performance Steps
1. Demonstrated knowledge of Article I: I am an American fighting in the
forces that guard my country and our way of life. I am prepared to give my
life in their defense.
a. Explanation. The Code applies to all service members at all times,
whether in active combat, in captivity, or in peacetime as a result of
hostage situations and terrorist activities. Members of the Armed Forces
have a duty to support U.S. interest and oppose U.S. enemies regardless
of the circumstances.
(1) Medical personnel and chaplains are given special "retained
status" by the 1949 Geneva Convention including the GPW. The GPW
requires that medical personnel and chaplains be allowed to perform their
professional duties while captured. However, the captors control the
degree to which these duties can be performed. But, even while
performing limited professional duties, medical personnel and chaplains
are held accountable for all their actions.
(2) Recent experience has shown that captors have disregarded
the GPW. All confined personnel have been subjected to the same
coercive PW management practices. Therefore, all soldiers should be
aware of the behavior standards of the Code and should receive training
in its application.
(3) Past experience of captured Americans reveals that honorable
survival of captivity requires that a member possess a high degree of
3-16 331-202-1050 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
dedication and motivation. Maintaining this qualities requires -
2. Demonstrated knowledge of Article II: I will never surrender of my own
free will. If in command, I will never surrender the members of my
command while they still have the means to resist.
3. Demonstrated knowledge of Article III: If I am captured, I will continue
to resist by all means available. I will make every effort to escape and aid
others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the
enemy.
4. Demonstrated knowledge of Article IV: If I become a prisoner of war, I
will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no information or take
part in any action that might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I
will take command. If not, I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed
over me and will back them up in every way.
5. Demonstrated knowledge of Article V: When questioned, should I
become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service
number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the
utmost of my ability. I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to
my country and its allies or harmful to their cause.
6. Demonstrated knowledge of Article VI: I will never forget that I am an
American fighting for freedom, responsible for my actions, and dedicated
to the principles that made my country free. I will trust in my God and in
the United States of America.
Evaluation Preparation: Service member will participate in class
discussions and respond to instructor's questions about the six articles of the
Code of Conduct as articulated in FM 3-05.71, chapters 2 and 13. Soldiers
must be able to write or orally recite the six articles of the Code of Conduct.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
Demonstrated knowledge of the six articles of the Code
of Conduct by reciting or writing them. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
AR 350-30 DODD 1300.7
FM 3-05.71
Skill Level 2 805C-PAD-2503 3-17
Skill Level 2
805C-PAD-2503
Enforce Compliance with the Army's Equal Opportunity and Sexual
Harassment Policies
Conditions: You are a small-unit/section leader responsible for the
supervision of personnel. Personnel include both male and female, and
represent different races, colors, religions, and national origins. You have
access to AR 600-20, FM 22-100, and the unit and Army Equal Opportunity
and Sexual Harassment Policies.
Standards: Demonstrated personal behavior and leadership consistent with
the Army's Equal Opportunity (EO) and Prevention of Sexual Harassment
(POSH) policies. Enforced compliance with the Army's EO, POSH, and the
Army's extremist activities policies.
Performance Steps
1. Act in accordance with the Army's EO and sexual harassment
policies.
a. Demonstrate Army Values associated with EO.
(1) Display unquestionable loyalty.
(2) Follow your higher duty to the Army and the nation.
(3) Treat people as they should be treated.
(4) Live up to all the Army Values.
b. Conform to the Army's EO and sexual harassment policies by
avoiding
(1) Making racial or sexual comments and/or gestures.
(2) Making national origin or religious comments/jokes/slurs.
(3) Displaying racist or sexually offensive visual materials.
(4) Making unsolicited and unwelcome sexual contact with fellow
soldiers.
(5) Stereotyping fellow soldiers or making assumptions about their
cultural background, race, religion, or beliefs.
(6) Using profanity or sexually oriented language.
(7) Discounting the religious beliefs of fellow soldiers.
(8) Belonging to extremist organizations or participating in
extremist activities.
c. Demonstrate leadership consistent with EO and sexual
harassment policies.
(1) Treat subordinates with dignity and respect.
(2) Treat subordinates fairly and equally.
3-18 805C-PAD-2503 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(3) Recognize and respect subordinates' individual needs,
aspirations and capabilities.
(4) Avoid discriminating against subordinates based on race,
color, national origin, gender, or religion.
(5) Avoid using language that demeans, excludes, or offends
subordinates.
2. Maintain your unit free from unlawful discrimination and sexual
harassment.
a. Ensure subordinates understand Army and unit EO and sexual
harassment policies and procedures.
(1) Ensure subordinates understand required standards of
behavior.
(2) Counsel subordinates on the legal and administrative
repercussions of EO/sexual harassment violations.
(3) Ensure subordinates understand recommended techniques for
dealing with sexual harassment.
(4) Ensure subordinates understand the EO and sexual
harassment complaint process.
(5) Ensure subordinates understand the Army policy on extremist
activities and organizations.
b. Make on-the-spot corrections of subordinates whose behaviors are
contrary to Army EO and sexual harassment policies.
(1) Correct soldiers using racist or sexually harassing nonverbal
gestures.
(2) Correct soldiers using racist or sexually harassing verbal
comments.
(3) Correct soldiers displaying racist or sexually harassing visual
materials.
(4) Avoid allowing intimidation, harassment, or reprisal against
soldiers for making complaints.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: This task can be tested in an administrative or field environment.
Give the soldier a scenario that provides sufficient information to evaluate
their knowledge of the Army's EO and sexual harassment polices, prohibited
acts, and actions that should be taken if a violation occurred.
Brief Soldier: Inform soldier that they will be tested on their knowledge of the
Army's EO and sexual harassment polices, prohibited acts, and actions that
should be taken if a violation occurs.
Skill Level 2 805C-PAD-2503 3-19
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Acted in accordance with the Army's EO and sexual
harassment policies. —— ——
a. Demonstrated Army Values associated with EO.
(1) Displayed unquestionable loyalty.
(2) Followed your higher duty to the Army and
the nation.
(3) Treated people as they should be treated.
(4) Lived up to all the Army Values.
b. Conformed to the Army's EO and sexual
harassment policies.
(1) Avoided making racial or sexual comments
and/or gestures.
(2) Avoided making national origin or religious
comments/jokes/slurs.
(3) Avoided displaying racist or sexually
offensive visual materials.
(4) Avoided making unsolicited and unwelcome
sexual contact with fellow soldiers.
(5) Avoided stereotyping fellow soldiers or
making assumptions about their cultural background,
race, religion, or beliefs.
(6) Avoided using profanity or sexually oriented
language.
(7) Avoided discounting the religious beliefs of
fellow soldiers.
(8) Avoided belonging to extremist
organizations or participating in extremist activities.
c. Demonstrated leadership consistent with EO
and sexual harassment policies.
(1) Treated subordinates with dignity and
respect.
(2) Treated subordinates fairly and equally.
(3) Recognized and respected subordinates'
individual needs, aspirations, and capabilities.
(4) Avoided discriminating against subordinates
based on race, color, national origin, gender, or religion.
3-20 805C-PAD-2503 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
(5) Avoided using language that demeaned,
excluded, or offended subordinates.
2. Maintained your unit free from unlawful
discrimination and sexual harassment. —— ——
a. Ensured subordinates understood Army and unit
EO/sexual harassment policies and procedures.
(1) Ensured subordinates understood required
standards of behavior.
(2) Counseled subordinates on the legal and
administrative repercussions of EO/sexual harassment
violations.
(3) Ensured subordinates understood
recommended techniques for dealing with sexual
harassment.
(4) Ensured subordinates understood the EO
and sexual harassment complaint process.
(5) Ensured subordinates understood the Army
policy on extremist activities and organizations.
b. Made on-the-spot corrections of subordinates
whose behaviors were contrary to Army EO and sexual
harassment policies.
(1) Corrected soldiers using racist or sexually
harassing nonverbal gestures.
(2) Corrected soldiers using racist or sexually
harassing verbal comments.
(3) Corrected soldiers displaying racist or
sexually harassing visual materials.
(4) Avoided allowing intimidation, harassment,
or reprisal against soldiers for making complaints.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO for each performance
measure accomplished. Score the soldier NO GO for each performance
measure not accomplished. Soldier must receive a GO on all performance
measures to receive a GO for the task. If the soldier receives a NO GO,
show him the performance measures he missed.
References
Required Related
AR 600-13
Skill Level 2 081-831-0101 3-21
Skill Level 2
References
Required Related
AR 600-20
DA Pam 350-20
DODD 7050.6
FM 22-100
MCM 2002
TC 26-6
SUBJECT AREA 2: FIRST AID
081-831-0101
Request Medical Evacuation
Conditions: You have a casualty requiring medical evacuation (MEDEVAC)
and a patient pickup site. Necessary equipment and materials: operational
communications equipment, MEDEVAC request format, a standard scale
military map, a grid coordinate scale, and unit signal operation instructions
(SOI).
Standards: Transmitted a MEDEVAC request, providing all necessary
information within 25 seconds. Transmitted, as a minimum, line numbers 1
through 5 during the initial contact with the evacuation unit. Transmitted
lines 6 through 9 while the aircraft or vehicle was en route, if not included
during initial contact.
Performance Steps
1. Collect all applicable information needed for the MEDEVAC request.
a. Determine the grid coordinates for the pickup site.
b. Obtain radio frequency, call sign, and suffix.
c. Obtain the number of patients and precedence.
d. Determine the type of special equipment required.
e. Determine the number and type (litter or ambulatory) of patients.
f. Determine the security of the pickup site.
g. Determine how the pickup site will be marked.
h. Determine patient nationality and status.
i. Obtain pickup site nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)
contam ination information normally obtained from the senior person or
medic.
Note. NBC line 9 information is only included when contamination exists.
3-22 081-831-0101 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
2. Record the gathered MEDEVAC information using the authorized
brevity codes. (See table 081-831-0101-1.)
Note. Unless the MEDEVAC information is transmitted over secure communication
systems it must be encrypted except as noted in step 3b(1).
a. Location of pickup site (line 1). (See STP 21-1-SMCT, Task 071-
329-1006.)
b. Radio frequency, call sign, and suffix (line 2). (See STP 21-1-
SMCT, Task 113-637-2001.)
c. Numbers of patients by precedence (line 3).
d. Special equipment required (line 4).
e. Number of patients by type (line 5).
f. Security of pickup site (line 6).
g. Method of marking pickup site (line 7).
h. Patient nationality and status (line 8).
i. NBC contamination (line 9).
3. Transmit the MEDEVAC request.
a. Contact the unit that controls the evacuation assets.
(1) Make proper contact with the intended receiver.
(2) Use effective call sign and frequency assignments from the SOI.
(3) Give the following in the clear "I HAVE A MEDEVAC
REQUEST"; wait one to three seconds for response. If no response,
repeat the statement.
b. Transmit the MEDEVAC information in the proper sequence.
(1) State all line item numbers in clear text. The call sign and suffix
(if needed) in line 2 may be transmitted in the clear.
Note. Line numbers 1 through 5 must always be transmitted during the initial
contact with the evacuation unit. Lines 6 through 9 may be transmitted while the
aircraft or vehicle is en route.
(2) Follow the procedure provided in the explanation column of the
MEDEVAC request format to transmit other required information.
(3) Pronounce letters and numbers in accordance with appropriate
radiotelephone procedures.
(4) Take no longer than 25 seconds to transmit.
(5) End the transmission by stating "OVER."
(6) Keep the radio on and listen for additional instructions or contact
from the evacuation unit.
Skill Le vel 2 081-831-0101 3-23
Skill Level 2
Table 081-831-0101-1. MEDEVAC Authorized Brevity Codes
Line Item Explanation
Where/
How
Obtained
Who
Normally
Provides Reason
1 Location of
Pickup Site Encrypt the grid
coordinates of the
pickup site. When
using the DRYAD
Numeral Cipher,
the same SET
line will be used to
encrypt the grid
zone letters and
the coordinates.
To preclude
misunderstanding,
a statement is
made that grid
zone letters are
included in the
message (unless
unit SOP specifies
its use at all
times).
From Map Unit
Leader(s) Required so
evacuation vehicle
knows where to pick
up patient. Also, so the
unit coordinating the
evacuation mission
can plan the route for
the evacuation vehicle
(if the evacuation
vehicle must pick up
from more than one
location).
2 Radio
Frequency,
Call Sign,
and Suffix
Encrypt the
frequency of the
radio at the pickup
site, not a relay
frequency. The call
sign (and suffix if
used) of person to
be contacted at
the pickup site
may be
transmitted in the
clear.
From SOI RTO Required so
evacuation vehicle can
contact reques ting unit
while en route (obtain
additional information
or change in situation
or directions).
3-24 081-831-0101 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Table 081-831-0101-1. MEDEVAC Authorized Brevity Codes
Line Item Explanation
Where/
How
Obtained
Who
Normally
Provides Reason
3 Number of
Patients by
Precedence
Report only
applicable
information and
encrypt the brevity
codes.
A urgent.
B Urgent-
Surgical.
C Priority.
D Routine.
E Convenience.
If two or more
categories must be
reported in the
same request,
insert the word
BREAK between
each category.
From
Evaluation
of
Patient(s)
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required by unit
controlling the
evacuation vehicles to
assist in prioritizing
missions
4 Special
Equipment
Required
Encrypt the
applicable brevity
codes.
A None.
B Hoist.
C Extraction
equipment.
D Ventilator.
From
Evaluation
of Patient/
Situation
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required so
equipment can be
placed on board
evacuation vehicle
prior to the start of
mission.
5 Number of
Patients by
Type
Report only
applicable
information and
encrypt the brevity
code. If requesting
MEDEVAC for
both types, insert
the word BREAK
between the litter
entry and
ambulatory entry.
L+# of Patient
Litter
A+# of Patient
Ambulatory
(sitting)
From
Evaluation
of
Patient(s)
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required so
appropriate number of
evacuation vehicles
may be dispatched to
pickup site. They
should be configured
to carry patients
requiring evacuation.
Skill Level 2 081-831-0101 3-25
Skill Level 2
Table 081-831-0101-1. MEDEVAC Authorized Brevity Codes
Line Item Explanation
Where/
How
Obtained
Who
Normally
Provides Reason
6 Security of
Pickup Site
(Wartime)
N No enemy
troops in area.
P Possible
enemy troops in
area (approach
with caution).
E Enemy troops
in area (approach
with caution).
X Enemy troops
in area (armed
escort required).
From
Evaluation
of Situation
Unit
Leader Required to assist the
evacuation crew in
assessing the situation
and determining if
assistance is required.
More definitive
guidance can be
furnished the
ev acuation vehicle
while it is en route
(specific location or
enemy to assist an
aircraft in planning its
approach).
6 Number and
Type of
Wound,
Injury, or
Illness
(Peacetime)
Specific
information
regarding patient
wounds by type
(gunshot or
shrapnel). Report
serious bleeding,
along with patient
blood type, if
known.
From
Evaluation
of Patient
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required to assist
evacuation personnel
in determining
treatment and special
equipment needed.
7 Method of
Marking
Pickup Site
Encrypt the brevity
codes.
A Panels.
B Pyrotechnic
signal.
C Smoke signal.
D None.
E Other.
Based on
Situation
and
Availability
of Materials
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required to assist the
evacuation crew in
identifying the specific
location of the pickup.
Note that the color of
the panels or smoke
should not be
transmitted until the
evacuation vehicle
contacts the unit (just
prior to its arrival). For
security, the crew
should identify the
color and the unit
should verify it.
3-26 081-831-0101 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Table 081-831-0101-1. MEDEVAC Authorized Brevity Codes
Line Item Explanation
Where/
How
Obtained
Who
Normally
Provides Reason
8 Patient
Nationality
and Status
The number of
patients in each
category need not
be transmitted.
Encrypt only the
applicable brevity
codes.
A = U.S. military.
B U.S. civilian.
C Non-U.S.
military.
D Non-U.S.
civilian.
E EPW
From
Evaluation
of Patient
Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required to assist in
planning for
destination facilities
and need for guards.
Unit requesting
support should ensure
there is an English-
speaking
representative at the
pickup site.
9 NBC Con-
tamination
(Wartime)
Include this line
only when
applicable. Encrypt
the applicable
brevity codes.
N Nuclear.
B = Biological.
C Chemical.
From
Situation Medic or
Senior
Person
Present
Required to assist in
planning for the mis-
sion. (Determine which
evacuation vehicle will
accomplish the
mission and when it
will be accomplished.)
9 Terrain
Description
(Peacetime)
Include details of
terrain features in
and around pro-
posed landing site.
If possible,
describe
relationship of site
to prominent
terrain feature
(lake, mountain,
tower).
From Area
Survey Personnel
at site Required to allow
evacuation personnel
to assess
route/avenue of ap-
proach into area. Of
particular importance if
hoist operation is
required.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a training exercise involving a MEDEVAC
aircraft or vehicle, or simulate it by creating a scenario and providing the
information as the soldier requests it. You or an assistant will act as the
radio contact at the evacuation unit during "transmission" of the request.
Give a copy of the MEDEVAC request format to the soldier.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to prepare and transmit a MEDEVAC request.
State that the communications net is secure.
Skill Level 2 081-831-1054 3-27
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Collected all information needed for the MEDEVAC
request line items 1 through 9. —— ——
2. Recorded the information using authorized brevity
codes. —— ——
3. Transmitted the MEDEVAC request within 25
seconds. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier scores NO GO, show what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 8-10-6
081-831-1054
Evacuate Casualties
Conditions: You are a soldier deployed to a unit in a forward area. There
are casualties that must be evacuated to receive medical aid. The
casualties have had self-aid or buddy-aid applied. A military vehicle (ground
vehicle or rotary-wing aircraft) is available. You may have a litter and straps
(or materials to improvise them) to secure the casualty and other soldiers
available to assist in the evacuation.
Standards: Transported the casualties to medical aid or a pickup site using
an appropriate carry or, if other soldiers are available, by litter. The litter was
loaded onto a military vehicle (ground vehicle or rotary-wing aircraft) without
dropping or causing further injury to the casualty.
Performance Steps
1. Request medical evacuation. (See Task 081-831-0101.)
a. Make contact.
b. Determine whether casualties must be moved or will be picked up
at current location. If they must be moved, continue with step 2. If they
will not be moved, continue to monitor communications and go to step 5.
2. Transport a casualty using the one and two man carries. (See STP
21-1-SMCT, Task 081-831-1046.)
Note. Perform these procedures when medical and combat lifesaver personnel
are not available. As soon as medical personnel are av ailable, assist them, as
necessary, in treating and evacuating the casualties.
3-28 081-831-1054 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
3. Move a casualty, if necessary, using a four-man litter squad.
Note. If military vehicles and litter materials are not available, continue with step 4.
Note. Four-man litter squad bearers should be designated with a number from 1 to
4. The litter bearer designated as #1 is the leader of the squad.
a. Prepare the litter.
(1) Open a standard litter.
(2) Lock the spreader bars at each end of the litter with your foot.
b. Prepare the casualty.
(1) Place the casualty onto the litter using the modified two-man
arms carry or the modified two-man fore-and-aft carry.
(2) Secure the casualty to the litter with litter straps.
c. Lift the litter.
(1) Position one squad member at each litter handle with the litter
squad leader at the casualty's right shoulder.
Note. The leader should be at the right shoulder to monitor the casualty's
condition.
(2) On the preparatory command, "PREPARE TO LIFT, the four
bearers kneel beside and grasp the litter handles.
(3) On the command, "LIFT, all bearers rise together.
(4) On the command, "FOUR MAN CARRY, MOVE ,” all bearers
walk forward in unison.
(a) If the casualty does not have a fractured leg, carry the
casualty feet first on level ground and head first when going up hill.
(b) If the casualty has a fractured leg, carry the casualty head
first, except when going up hill.
(5) To change direction of movement, such as from feet first to
head first, begin in a litter-post carry position. The front and back bearers
release the litter and the middle bearers rotate the litter and themselves.
4. Load casualties onto a military vehicle.
a. Ground ambulance.
Note. Ground ambulances have medical specialists to take care of the casualties
during evacuation. Follow any special instructions for loading, securing, or
unloading casualties.
(1) Make sure each litter casualty is secured to his or her litter.
(Use litter straps when available.)
(2) Load the most serious casualty last.
Skill Level 2 081-831-1054 3-29
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(3) Load the casualty head first (head in the direction of travel)
rather than feet first.
(4) Make sure each litter is secured to the vehicle.
b. Air ambulance.
Note. Air ambulances have medical specialists to take care of the casualties
during evacuation. Follow any special instructions for loading, securing, or
unloading casualties.
(1) Remain 50 yards from the helicopter until the litter squad is
signaled to approach the aircraft.
(2) Approach the aircraft in full view of the aircraft crew,
maintaining visual confirmation that the crew is aware of the approach of
the litter party. Ensure that the aircrew can continue to visually distinguish
friendly from enemy personnel at all times. Maintain a low silhouette
when approaching the aircraft.
(3) Approach UH-60/UH-1 aircraft from the sides. Do not
approach from the front or rear. If you must move to the opposite side of
the aircraft, approach from the side to the skin of the aircraft. Then, hug
the skin of the aircraft, and move around the front of the aircraft to the
other side.
(4) Load the most seriously injured casualty last.
(5) Load the casualty who will occupy the upper birth first, then
load the next litter casualty immediately under the first casualty.
Note. This is done to keep the casualty from accidentally falling on another
casualty if his litter is dropped before it is secured.
(6) When casualties are placed lengthwise, position them with
their heads toward the direction of travel.
(7) Make sure each litter casualty is secured to his or her litter.
(8) Make sure each litter is secured to the aircraft.
c. Ground military vehicles.
Note. Nonmedical military vehicles may be used to evacuate casualties when no
medical evacuation vehicles are available. If medical personnel are present,
follow their instructions for loading, securing, and unloading casualties.
(1) When loading casualties into the vehicle, load the most
seriously injured casualty last.
(2) When a casualty is placed lengthwise, load the casualty with
his or her head pointing forward, toward the direction of travel.
(3) Ensure each litter casualty is secured to the litter. (Use litter
straps, if available.)
3-30 081-831-1054 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(4) Secure each litter to the vehicle as it is loaded into place.
Make sure each litter is secured.
(5) Watch the casualties closely for life-threatening conditions and
provide first aid, as necessary. (See STP 21-1-SMCT, Task 081-831-
1000.)
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a training exercise involving a MEDEVAC
aircraft or vehicle, or simulate it by creating a scenario, and provide the
equipment needed for the evaluation.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldiers the scenario to include the end result desired.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Requested medical evacuation (not measured).
(See Task 081-831-0101.) —— ——
2. Transported a casualty using one- and two-man
carries, if necessary (not measured). (See STP 21-1-
SMCT, Task 081-831-1046.)
—— ——
3. Moved a casualty using a four-man litter squad, if
necessary. —— ——
a. Prepared the litter.
b. Prepared the casualty.
c. Lifted the litter.
4. Loaded casualties onto a military vehicle. —— ——
a. Ground ambulance.
b. Air ambulance.
c. Ground military vehicles.
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all the performance
measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any of the performance
measures are failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show what was done
wrong and how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
STP 21-1-SMCT FM 4-25.11
FM 8-10-6
Skill Level 2 081-831-9000 3-31
Skill Level 2
081-831-9000
Implement Preventive Medicine Measures
Conditions: You are a unit leader. Your unit is deployed to the field. You
have the equipment authorized by your table of organization and equipment
(TOE), field sanitation equipment and supplies, and a field sanitation team
(FST) for every unit subject to deployment in a field environment.
Note. Company aidmen (91W), organic or attached to deployed units, normally fulfill
the requirement for the FST.
Standards: Briefed personnel on the three reasons soldiers are vulnerable
to disease. Trained personnel on the seven major components of the
medical threat to field forces. Trained soldiers on the seven individual
preventive medicine measures necessary to prevent disease and nonbattle
injuries. Taught the Army's tobacco use policies. Ensured selected unit
personnel received field sanitation team training on the team's eight areas of
responsibility.
Performance Steps
Note. Once FST personnel are selected and trained, they can be delegated the
responsibility for training other members of the unit.
1. Brief personnel on the three reasons a soldier is vulnerable to
disease.
a. Harshness of the environment such as deserts, jungles, and the
Arctic.
b. Reduced natural defenses due to exposure and fatigue. Examples
are
(1) Climatic changes.
(2) Sleep deprivation.
(3) Irregular meals.
c. Breakdowns in basic sanitation, such as the lack of clean water
and proper waste disposal.
2. Train personnel on the seven major components of the medical threat
to field forces.
a. Heat. Types of heat injuries.
(1) Heat cramps.
(2) Heat exhaustion.
(3) Heatstroke a medical emergency.
b. Cold. Types of cold injuries.
(1) Chilblain.
3-32 081-831-9000 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(2) Immersion foot.
(3) Trench foot.
(4) Frostbite.
(5) General hypothermia.
c. Arthropods (biting insects).
(1) Diseases transmitted directly by arthropods.
(a) Mosquitoes malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, and
encephalitis.
(b) Some ticks, as well as mosquitoes encephalitis.
(c) Sand flies sand fly fever.
(d) Body liceepidemic typhus.
(e) Hard ticks Lyme disease.
(2) Diseases transmitted by insects associated with rodents.
(a) Fleas plague and endemic typhus.
(b) Mitesscrub typhus.
d. Diarrhea. Diarrheal disease is contracted from contaminated food
and water.
(1) Waterborne diarrheal disease.
(a) Typhoid fever.
(b) Cholera.
(c) Traveler's diarrhea.
(d) Hepatitis A.
(2) Food-borne diarrheal diseases.
(a) Traveler's diarrhea.
(b) Cholera.
(c) Salmonellosis.
(d) Hepatitis.
e. Non-NBC chemical hazards.
(1) Examples of non-NBC chemical hazards.
(a) Carbon monoxide.
(b) Hydrogen chloride.
(c) Bore/gun gases.
(d) Solvents, greases, insecticides, and oils.
Skill Level 2 081-831-9000 3-33
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(2) Harmful effects of non-NBC chemical hazards.
(a) Skin irritation.
(b) Asphyxiation (choke, suffocate).
(c) Central nervous system depression.
(d) Death.
f. Noise hazards.
(1) Examples of noise hazards.
(a) Weapons.
(b) Aircraft.
(c) Most Army vehicles and generators.
(2) Harmful effects of hazardous noise exposures.
(a) Temporary loss of hearinglasts minutes to hours.
(b) Permanent loss of hearing.
(c) Blast over pressure effects.
g. Other medical threats to field forces.
(1) Skin diseasecommon in extremely dry or humid climates.
(2) Altitude sicknesslocations above 9,000 feet.
(3) Harm ful animals poisonous reptiles, arthropods, and
mollusks and coelenterates (such as jellyfishes and corals).
(4) Tobacco use.
(5) Poor medical threat intelligence.
3. Train personnel on the seven individual preventive medicine
measures (PMM) necessary to prevent disease and nonbattle injury
(DNBI).
Note. Once personnel have received the training on PMM, leaders should check
periodically for application of PMM as appropriate for their situation.
a. Prevent heat injuries.
(1) Drink plenty of water.
(2) Observe work and/or rest cycles.
(3) Eat all meals to replace salt.
(4) Recognize the risk of mission-oriented protective posture
(MOPP) for body armor and armored vehicles.
(5) Modify your uniform.
b. Prevent cold injuries.
3-34 081-831-9000 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(1) Drink plenty of water and warm nonalcoholic fluids.
(2) Do NOT sleep in a vehicle with the engine running or in an
enclosed area where an open fire is burning.
(3) Wear your uniform properly.
(a) Wear clothing as the commander directs.
(b) Keep clothing clean and dry. (Avoid fuel spills.)
(c) Avoid overheating by removing excess clothing when
possible.
(d) Wear clothing in loose layers. (Avoid tight-fitting clothing.)
(4) Avoid loss of body heat.
(a) Keep moving when possible. (Exercise big muscles, toes,
feet, fingers, and hands.)
(b) Avoid standing directly on cold, wet ground.
(c) Avoid smoking. (Smoking decreases blood flow to the
skin.)
(d) Eat all meals to maintain energy.
(5) Protect feet and hands by wearing gloves or mittens, changing
socks frequently, and avoiding skin contact with snow, fuel, or bare metal.
(6) Use the buddy system to spot frostbite on exposed skin.
c. Protect against biting insects.
(1) Use insect repellent according to label directions and
precautions .
(2) Wear your uniform as the commander directs.
(3) Keep your uniform clean.
(4) Follow medical advice; take antimalarial pills when directed
and use insect powder, cream, and/or shampoo when prescribed by
medical personnel.
(5) Protect yourself at night.
(a) Use a bed net when sleeping.
(b) Use aerosol insecticide inside bed net.
d. Protect against diarrhea.
(1) Follow water sanitation guidelines.
(a) Fill canteen with treated water, when possible.
(b) Treat water (when treated water is not available) with
iodine tablets, chlorine ampules, or boil water for 5 to 10 minutes (if iodine
or chlorine is not available). (Boiling water for only 15 seconds will help.)
Skill Level 2 081-831-9000 3-35
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(2) Follow food sanitation guidelines.
(a) Use approved food sources.
(b) Wash your mess kit carefully, in a mess kit laundry and
with treated water.
(c) Wash hands after using the latrine and before touching
food or food contact surfaces.
(d) Bury waste or otherwise properly dispose of waste to
prevent spread of germs by flies.
e. Prevent injuries from non-NBC chemical hazards.
(1) Prevent carbon monoxide poisoning by
(a) Running engines outside.
(b) Using natural ventilation or tailpipe extension systems to
dispose of exhaust fumes.
(c) Never using engine exhaust for heat.
(2) Prevent hydrogen chloride (and other propellant exhaust)
injuries by
(a) Positioning yourself upwind of rocket systems.
(b) Holding your breath (after the blast) until the cloud
passes.
(3) Prevent injuries from bore/gun gases (from conventional
weapons).
(a) Use on-board ventilation systems.
(b) Keep the bore evacuator well maintained on large weapon
systems.
(4) Prevent injuries from solvents, greases, and oils (liquid
chem icals).
(a) Minimize worker exposure by substituting less harmful
chemicals for toxic chemicals.
(b) Use personal protective equipment and practice good
personal hygiene.
(c) Comply with replacement and medical surveillance
phys ical examinations to detect early signs of occupational disease.
f. Prevent noise hazard injuries.
(1) Use protective devices (earplugs, ear canal caps, or earmuffs).
(2) Use vehicle headgear such as helicopter crew helmets and
armored vehicle crew helmets.
3-36 081-831-9000 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(3) Keep hearing protection devices clean to avoid ear infections.
(4) Avoid noise and/or limit the time in noise hazardous areas.
g. Prevent other DNBI (individual PMM).
(1) Protect against skin disease.
(a) Protect skin from elements.
(b) Use sunscreen, if necessary.
(c) Keep skin as clean as possible.
(2) Protect against altitude sickness.
(a) Acclimatize to new elevations.
(b) Increase aerobic exercise prior to exposure.
(c) Follow medical advice.
(3) Avoid harmful animals.
(a) Avoid habitats of harmful animals.
(b) Do NOT attempt to capture or make pets of harmful
animals.
(4) Refrain from tobacco use.
4. Explain the Army's tobacco use policies.
a. Effects of tobacco use.
b. Mission readiness.
c. Army policies.
(1) Army's Healthy #1 People 2000 Goal: reduce military smokers
to 20 percent.
(2) Army's Healthy #2 People 2000 Goal: reduce smokeless
tobacco use to 4 percent for the 12-to-24 year age group.
(3) Regulatory requirements under AR 600-63.
5. Ensure training of personnel as members of a field sanitation team
(FST) is provided if appropriate.
Note. Training of FST members enables unit commanders to provide for limited
control of insects, proper disinfection of water, and safe food supplies. Training of
personnel as FST members will be provided by supporting medical resources.
a. FST members, when no organic medical personnel are available.
(1) Two soldiers are selected to receive FST training.
(2) One soldier must be an NCO.
(3) Neither will have less than six months of unit time remaining.
Skill Level 2 081-831-9000 3-37
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(4) These soldiers should receive training from PM personnel in
accordance with AR 40-5.
Note. All unit leaders are expected to perform FST tasks.
b. FST tasks and/or responsibilities. The unit FST performs the
following tasks in the unit area:
(1) Checks unit water supplies.
(2) Inspects unit water containers and unit water trailers.
(3) Inspects unit field food operations for application of PMM to
prevent contamination.
(4) Conducts limited control of insects.
(5) Inspects unit waste disposal for compliance with accepted
PMM.
(6) Conducts limited control of rodents.
(7) Provides training for individual PMM training in the unit.
(8) Advises unit leaders on construction and maintenance of field
waste disposal and personal hygiene devices.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate each soldier individually during a field training exercise
(FTX) or normal training session. Use the location, weather conditions, and
duration of the FTX as the scenario to base your evaluation questions
around. If the evaluation is conducted during normal training sessions,
create a scenario as the basis for your evaluation questions.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will be evaluated on his ability to answer
preventive medicine measure questions pertaining to the training scenario
provided.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Identified the three reasons soldiers are vulnerable
to disease. —— ——
2. Identified the seven major components of the
medical threat to field forces. —— ——
3. Identified preventive medicine m easures used in the
prevention of various diseases and nonbattle injuries. —— ——
4. Identified the Army's tobacco use policies. —— ——
5. Identified requirements for FST manning and
training. —— ——
3-38 031-503-1023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier scores NO GO, show what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.
References
Required Related
AR 40-5
AR 600-63
FM 4-25.12
FM 21-10
SUBJECT AREA 3: NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL (NBC)
031-503-1023
Protect Yourself from Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
Injury/Contamination When Changing Mission-Oriented Protective
Posture Gear
Conditions: You are in MOPP 4 with load-bearing equipment (LBE). Your
MOPP gear is contaminated. Your buddy is in MOPP 4 with LBE, and he is
available to assist you with MOPP gear exchange. You have an
uncontaminated set of chemical MOPP gear for yourself and your buddy and
a personal decontaminating kit. For chemical and biological (CB)
decontamination, you have one personal decontamination kit per person;
one 50-pound drum of super tropical bleach (STB) dry mix; and a piece of
plastic, a poncho, or sim ilar material. For radiological decontamination, you
have 5 gallons of water (if water is not available for radiological
decontamination, brush, wipe, or shake off contamination); three pails (3-
gallon capacity); one can of government issue (GI) soap or liquid detergent;
two sponges; paper towels; and a piece of plastic, a poncho, or similar
material.
Standards: Decontaminated individual gear and equipment without
spreading contamination onto skin or undergarments. Set uncontaminated
gear aside on an uncontaminated surface. Changed overgarments,
overboots, and gloves without spreading contamination to the
uncontaminated set of MOPP gear. Changed MOPP gear without yourself or
your buddy becoming a casualty.
Performance Steps
Note. Both soldiers perform steps 1 and 2 at the same time.
Skill Level 2 031-503-1023 3-39
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
Note. If the environment is only CB contaminated, omit steps 2 and 4. If the
environment is only radiologically contaminated, omit steps 1 and 3. If the
environment is radiologically and CB contaminated, perform all steps.
1. Decontaminate your individual gear for CB contamination without
assistance.
Note. If at any time during the technique you suspect you have spread
contamination onto your skin or undergarments, decontaminate immediately with
the personal decontaminating kit available; then proceed with the MOPP gear
exchange.
a. Remove your chemical protective helmet cover, and discard it.
b. Cover your gear with STB dry mix.
c. Brush or rub STB dry mix into the material, and shake off any
excess STB.
d. Set your gear aside on an uncontaminated surface (plastic,
poncho, or similar material).
2. Decontaminate your individual gear for radiological contamination,
without assistance.
a. Brush, wipe, or shake off dust or radiological contamination from
your individual gear.
b. Wash the equipment with warm, soapy water if available.
c. Set the equipment aside to dry on an uncontaminated surface
(plastic, poncho, or similar material).
Note. Do not reverse roles until steps 3 through 8 are completed.
3. Decontaminate your hood and mask for CB contamination.
a. Buddy # 1
(1) Loosens Buddy # 2's drawcord.
(2) Removes Buddy # 2's under-arm straps from under his arms.
(3) Moves Buddy # 2's straps over his shoulders.
(4) Reattaches Buddy # 2's straps to the VelcroR and hook-and-
pile patches on the bottom of his hood.
b. Buddy # 1 decontaminates Buddy # 2's hood and exposed parts of
his mask using the M291 decontamination kit.
(1) Buddy # 1 wipes Buddy # 2's mask eye lens outserts first.
(2) Buddy # 1 wipes Buddy # 2's entire mask from the top of the
hood down.
c. Buddy # 1 repeats steps 3b(1) and (2) on his own hood and mask
using the M291 decontamination kit.
3-40 031-503-1023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
d. Buddy # 1 decontaminates his own gloves with the personal
decontaminating kit after Buddy # 2's mask is decontaminated.
4. Decontaminate your hood and mask for radiological contamination.
a. Buddy # 1 dips a sponge in hot, soapy water and wipes Buddy #
2's mask and hood (and the canister and hose of the M42-, M43-, or M40-
series protective masks).
b. Buddy # 1 rinses Buddy # 2's hood and mask with a sponge
dipped in clean water.
c. Buddy # 1 dries Buddy # 2's hood and mask with paper towels or a
rag.
d. Buddy # 1 wipes down his gloves.
Note. Cool, soapy water is not as effective for removing contamination, but it can
be used if you scrub longer. If no water is available, the personal decontaminating
kit may be used for CB decontamination.
5. Roll your hood.
Note. Leave the zipper closed.
a. Buddy # 1 lifts Buddy # 2's hood straight up off his shoulders by
grasping the straps.
b. Buddy # 1 pulls Buddy # 2's hood over his head until most of the
back of his head is exposed (the hood should not be completely over
Buddy # 2's face).
c. Buddy # 2 places his hand over the voice transmitter, if necessary,
to prevent the mask seal from being broken.
d. Buddy # 1 rolls Buddy # 2's hood tightly, starting at the chin and
working around the mask without pulling it completely off the back of his
head.
Note. Do not reverse roles. Go to the next step. Only Buddy # 2 will have his hood
decontaminated and rolled at this time.
6. Remove your jacket.
a. Buddy # 1
(1) Unties Buddy # 2's cord.
(2) Unfastens Buddy # 2's snaps on the front of his jacket.
(3) Unzips Buddy # 2's jacket.
(4) Unsnaps Buddy # 2's snaps in the back of his jacket from his
overgarment trousers.
b. Buddy # 2 makes a fist as each sleeve is pulled off to prevent his
gloves from coming off.
Skill Level 2 031-503-1023 3-41
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
c. Buddy # 1 pulls Buddy # 2's jacket off, one arm at a time, turning
the jacket inside out.
d. Buddy # 1 places Buddy # 2's jacket on the ground nearby with the
black side up.
Note. Buddy # 2 will use the jacket later as an uncontaminated surface to stand on
while redressing.
7. Remove your trousers.
a. Buddy # 1 opens Buddy # 2's trouser cuffs, waist snap, zipper and,
if necessary, waist tabs.
b. Buddy # 1 grasps Buddy # 2's trouser leg by the cuff.
c. Buddy # 2 pulls his legs from the trousers, one leg at a time.
8. Remove your overboots.
a. Buddy # 2 stands next to his jacket.
b. Buddy # 1 unties or cuts Buddy # 2's overboot strings.
c. Buddy # 1 pulls Buddy # 2's overboots off, one at a time.
d. Buddy # 2 steps onto his jacket as his overboots are removed.
9. Remove your rubber gloves. Buddy # 1 helps Buddy # 2 remove his
rubber gloves so he does not touch the outside of the rubber gloves with
his bare hands.
10. Put on an uncontaminated overgarment.
a. Buddy # 1 opens the package containing a new overgarment,
without touching it.
b. Buddy # 2 removes the overgarment, one piece at a time, without
touching the outside of the package.
(1) Buddy # 2 puts on the new trousers, leaving the cuffs open.
(2) Buddy # 2 puts on the jacket.
11. Put on the overboots.
a. Buddy # 1 opens the package containing the new overboots
without touching them.
b. Buddy # 2 removes the overboots without touching the outside of
the package.
c. Buddy # 2 puts the overboots on.
12. Put on the gloves.
a. Buddy # 1 opens the package containing the new chemical
protective gloves without touching them.
3-42 031-503-1023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
b. Buddy # 2 removes the chemical protective gloves without
touching the outside of the package.
c. Buddy # 2 puts the gloves on.
13. Secure the hood.
a. Buddy # 1 decontaminates his chemical protective gloves with the
personal decontaminating kit.
b. Buddy # 1 repositions Buddy # 2's hood as follows:
Note. Buddy # 1's gloves must be decontaminated before proceeding with this
step.
(1) Buddy # 1 unrolls Buddy # 2's hood.
(2) Buddy # 1 reattaches Buddy # 2's straps.
c. Buddy # 2 checks all the zippers and ties on his hood and
overgarment to ensure they are closed.
14. Repeat steps 3 through 13. Buddy # 1 and Buddy # 2 reverse the
roles.
15. Secure the gear.
a. Buddy # 1 and Buddy # 2 place the new chemical protective cover
on their helmet.
b. Buddy # 1 and Buddy # 2 put their individual gear back on.
c. Buddy # 1 checks the fit of Buddy # 2's gear.
d. Buddy # 2 checks the fit of Buddy # 1's gear.
16. Move to the assembly area.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or a normal training session.
Soldiers must be in MOPP 4. Use the M291 decontamination kit.
Brief Soldier: Identify pairs, designating Buddy # 1 and Buddy # 2. Provide
each soldier with one of the following three scenarios: the soldier has been
exposed to CB contamination (the soldier can omit steps 2 and 4); the
soldier has been exposed to radiological contamination (the soldier can omit
steps 1 and 3); or the soldier has been exposed to radiological and chemical
and/or biological contamination (the soldier must perform all steps).
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Decontaminated individual gear for CB
contamination, without assistance. —— ——
2. Decontaminated individual gear for radiological
contamination, without assistance. —— ——
Skill Level 2 031-503-2001 3-43
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
3. Decontaminated hood and mask for CB
contam ination. —— ——
4. Decontaminated hood and mask for radiological
contamination. —— ——
5. Rolled hood. —— ——
6. Removed jacket. —— ——
7. Removed trousers. —— ——
8. Removed overboots. —— ——
9. Removed rubber gloves. —— ——
10. Put on an uncontaminated overgarment. —— ——
11. Put on overboots. —— ——
12. Put on gloves. —— ——
13. Secured hood. —— ——
14. Repeated steps 3 through 13. Buddy # 1 and
Buddy # 2 reversed roles. —— ——
15. Secured gear. —— ——
16. Moved to assembly area. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-5
031-503-2001
Identify Chemical Agents Using M256-Series Chemical Agent Detector
Kit
Conditions: Given a tactical environment or a simulated chemically (nerve
and blister) contaminated area and M256-series chemical agent detector kit,
3-44 031-503-2001 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
protective mask, mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) gear or
chem ical protective ensemble, watch, TM 3-6665-307-10, and FM 3-5.
Standards: Identified chemical agents using an M256-series chemical agent
detector kit without becoming a casualty.
Performance Steps
1. Perform before-operation preventive maintenance checks and
services (PMCS) according to TM 3-6665-307-10.
2. Prepare the kit for use.
a. Read all the instruction cards in the kit.
b. Remove one sampler detector from the kit, and read the
instructions printed on the bag.
WARNING
Do not expose the sampler detector to heavy rain or other forms of
water. Test results could be tainted.
Do not touch the sampler detector test spots. Dirt and oil from your
gloves will cause test results to be tainted.
c. Remove the sampler detector from the bag (save the bag and use
the instructions printed on the outside). Discard the sampler detector if
there are broken or missing ampules, missing spots, or crushed reagent
channels, or if the blood agent test spot is pink.
3. Test for toxic-agent vapors.
a. Swing out the heater and remove and save the two heater pads
(used for breaking glass ampules). Swing the heater back in. Keep the
protective strips over the spots.
b. Remove the pull tab (marked 1) to expose the lewisite detecting
tablet. Bend the tab (marked 2) over the lewisite detecting tablet, and rub
the upper half of the tab until a mark is visible.
WARNING
Before breaking the glass ampules (except heater ampules), place
one heater pad on each side of the sampler detector, covering the
ampule to be broken. The pads will prevent pieces of glass from
cutting your gloves and hands.
c. Hold the sampler detector with the test spots and the arrow
pointing up. Crush the four center ampules (marked 3).
d. Turn the sampler detector so the arrow points down. Use the
heater pads to squeeze the ampules, forcing liquid through the formed
channels into the test spots.
Skill Level 2 031-503-2001 3-45
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
e. Hold the sampler detector with the arrow pointed down and your
thumb on the protective strip over the middle test spot.
(1) Swing the heater away from the blister test spot.
(2) Activate the first heater ampule (marked 4) by crushing one
green ampule, swing the heater back over the test spot, and leave it in
place for 2 minutes. Hold the sampler detector to one side to avoid the
vapor. Do not use the heater pads to crush green ampules.
WARNING
Do not use the heater pads to crush the green ampules.
(3) Swing the heater and the protective strip away from the test
spots.
WARNING
Do not hold the sampler detector in direct sunlight while exposing the
test spots, because test results could be tainted.
f. Expose the test spots to air (shield them from direct sunlight) for
10 minutes. Lay the sampler detector down or hold it by the hinged
protective strip.
g. Crush the second green ampule (marked 4) after 10 minutes and
immediately swing the heater over the blister test spot Swing the heater
away from the test spot after 1 minute.
WARNING
Do not use the heater pads to crush the green ampules.
h. Hold the sampler detector with the arrow pointing down and the
test spots exposed. Use the heater pads to crush the remaining ampules
(marked 5). Wet the test spots by squeezing the ampules and forcing
liquid onto them.
i. Bend the tab (marked 2) over the lewisite detecting tablet, and rub
the bottom half of tab until a mark is visible.
j. Turn the sampler detector upside down, and compare the colors of
the test spots (including the lewisite tab) with those shown on the sampler
detector.
(1) Compare the blood agent (round) test spot after about 10
minutes exposure time.
(a) Yellow or orange sometimes occur when no agent is
present.
3-46 031-503-2001 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(b) Pink or blue must be present to indicate blood agents.
Any combination of colors or a rainbow effect that includes pink or blue
should be considered as a positive blood agent test.
(2) Compare the lewisite test after about 10 minutes exposure
time. Look very closely; at low concentrations, the color change may be
very slight.
Note. Blister agents (H and CX) develop color immediately after all ampules are
broken.
(3) Wait 3 minutes for the nerve-agent test.
NOTE. Disregard any small blue or blue-green areas under the plastic rim of the
nerve agent spot.
(a) M256: If a peach color develops, a positive nerve test is
indicated.
(b) M256A1: If no color develops, a positive nerve test is
indicated.
4. Report the results to your supervisor.
5. Dispose of the materials by one of the following methods:
a. Dispose of expended or unserviceable materials according to
Federal, state, and local laws; military regulations and publications; host
nation laws (if more restrictive than U.S. laws); and the local standing
operating procedures (SOP). As a minimum, place used decontaminating
materials in a sealed plastic bag and label it with the contents.
b. Dispose of contaminated hazardous waste materials according to
FM 3-5.
6. Perform after-operation PMCS according to TM 3-6665-307-10.
a. Ensure M8 detector paper is present.
b. Ensure there are at least four sample-detectors in the kit.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or a tactical training session.
The contaminated area should be set up with nerve and blister simulated
agents. Use M256 training aid kits for training and evaluation purposes.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will be evaluated on his ability to perform
operator checks of the chemical agent detector kit, to put the kit into
operation using the correct sequence while in MOPP 4, and to identify
agent(s) within the limitations of the kit.
Skill Level 2 031-503-2023 3-47
Skill Level 2
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Performed before-operation PMCS according to TM
3-6665-307-10. —— ——
2. Prepared the kit for use. —— ——
3. Tested for toxic-agent vapors. —— ——
4. Reported the results to the supervisor. —— ——
5. Disposed of expended or unserviceable kits. —— ——
6. Disposed of hazardous waste materials. —— ——
7. Performed after-operation PMCS. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails, show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-5
TM 3-6665-307-10
031-503-2023
Measure Radiation Dose Rate and Total Dose
Conditions: Given a tactical situation where nuclear contamination has
occurred and radiation monitoring has been directed in your unit area. You
are provided with an individual team or squad; radiation, detection,
indication, and computation (RADIAC) detection equipment (dosimeters
must be of the same type); a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)
marking set; a watch; (a vehicle or an aircraft, depending on mission
requirements); communications equipment; DA Form 2404, Equipment
Inspection and Maintenance Worksheet, 1971-R, Radiological Data Sheet-
Monitoring or Point Technique, and DA Form 1971-6-R, Chemical/Biological
Sample Documentation; and with applicable technical manuals (TMs),
technical bulletins (TBs), and standing operating procedures (SOPs). Given
the supervisor's guidance on continuous or periodic monitoring, the use of
direct or indirect technique, intervals between readings (for monitoring dose
rates only), and communication and reporting procedures.
Standards: Performed operator preventive maintenance checks and
services (PMCS) on equipment used. Reported and recorded accurate
3-48 031-503-2023 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
readings (+ 5 centigray [cGy]) to supervisor. Complied with the commander's
operation exposure guidance and turn-back dose rate without overexposing
personnel.
Note. There is no degradation to standards if this task is performed in MOPP 4.
Performance Steps
1. Perform PMCS on the RADIAC equipment.
a. Use TM 11-6665-232-12 for PMCS on the IM174 series RADIAC
meter.
b. Use TM 11-6665-251-10 for PMCS on the AN/VDR-2 RADIAC set.
c. Use TM 11-6665-365-12&P for PMCS on the AN/UDR-13 RADIAC
set.
d. Use TM 11-6665-214-10 for PMCS on the IM93 dosimeter.
e. Use TB Signal (Sig) 226-8 for PMCS the PP1578 RADIAC
charger.
f. Use TM 11-6665-236-12 for PMCS on the AN/PDR-75 with DT-
236 dosimeter.
2. Measure the radiation dose rate.
a. Use TM 11-6665-232-12 for operation of the IM174-series
RADIAC meter.
b. Use TM 11-6665-251-10 for operation of the AN/VDR-2 RADIAC
meter.
c. Use TM 11-6665-365-12&P for operation of the AN/UDR-13
RADIAC meter.
d. Record the data on DA Form 1971-R.
e. Report the data to the supervisor.
Note. The data will be placed into an NBC 4 nuclear report by your supervisor or
the unit NBC control party.
f. Conduct continuous or periodic monitoring (guidance received
from supervisor).
g. Use the direct or indirect technique (guidance received from
supervisor).
h. Take readings at proper intervals (guidance received from
supervisor).
3. Measure the total dose of radiation.
a. Use TM 11-6665-251-10 to measure the total dose with the
AN/VDR-2 RADIAC set.
b. Use TM 11-6665-214-10 to measure the total dose with the IM93
dosimeter.
Skill Level 2 031-503-2023 3-49
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
Note. The DT-236 is worn on the wrist like a wristwatch, and measures cumulative
doses of gamma and neutron radiation. It augments the IM93. The company
AN/PDR-75 operator reads the DT-236. The company NBC control party records
and processes this data.
c. Use TM 11-6665-365-12&P to measure the total dose using the
AN/UDR-13 RADIAC set.
4. Record the data on DA Form 1971-R (except for DT-236).
5. Report the data to supervisor (except for DT-236).
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or a tactical training session.
The AN/TDQ-T1 large-area RADIAC training set can be used to produce
readings for RADIAC meters and RADIAC sets.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the test will consist of performing PMCS,
preparing the equipment for use, monitoring a designated area, recording
the total dose/dose rate, and reporting the results to the supervisor. The
actual completion of DA Form 2404 and DA Form 1971-R is not degraded if
this task is performed in MOPP 4.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Performed PMCS on the RADIAC equipment. —— ——
2. Measured the radiation dose rate. —— ——
3. Measured the total dose of radiation. —— ——
4. Recorded the data on the appropriate form. —— ——
5. Reported the data to the supervisor. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
DA Form 1971-6-R
DA Form 1971-R
DA Form 2404
TB Sig 226-8
TM 11-6665-214-10
TM 11-6665-232-12
3-50 031-503-3002 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
References
Required Related
TM 11-6665-236-12
TM 11-6665-251-10
TM 11-6665-365-12&P
031-503-3002
Conduct Unmasking Procedures
Conditions: Given a tactical situation and a group of soldiers in mission-
oriented protective posture (MOPP) 4, an M256A1 chemical agent detector
kit or an M256A1 trainer kit, a chemical agent monitor (CAM), M8/M9
detector paper, an area where chemical agents have been used, and one of
the following situations:
1. An M256A1 chemical agent detector kit is available.
2. An M256A1 is not available.
Standards: Conducted unmasking procedures without incurring casualties.
Performance Steps
Note. Before conducting unmasking procedures, make every effort to confirm the
absence of chemical contamination. A CAM, an M256 chemical agent detector kit,
and M8/M9 detector paper should be used along with a visual check of the area.
Note. The senior person present selects one or two soldiers to unmask after
permission is received from higher headquarters.
1. Conduct unmasking procedures using an M256A1 detector kit.
a. Conduct unmasking procedures in the shade.
b. Use an M256A1 detector kit to test for chemical agents. Use M8
detector paper to check for possible liquid contamination. Continue
unmasking procedures only if both tests are negative.
c. Direct the selected soldiers to unmask for 5 minutes and don, seal,
and clear their masks.
d. Observe the soldiers for 10 minutes for chemical agent symptoms.
e. Direct all soldiers to unmask if no symptoms appear.
f. Check the soldiers for delayed symptoms. Have first aid treatment
available.
g. Complete steps 1a through 1f in sequence.
2. Conduct unmasking procedures without using an M256A1 detector kit.
a. Conduct unmasking procedures in the shade.
Skill Level 2 031-503-3002 3-51
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
b. Use M8 detector paper to check for possible liquid contamination.
Continue unmasking procedures only if the test is negative.
c. Direct the selected soldiers to take a deep breath, break the seals
of their masks (keeping their eyes open) for 15 seconds, and seal and
clear their masks.
d. Observe the soldiers for 10 minutes for chemical agent symptoms.
e. Direct the soldiers to break the seals of their masks if no
sym ptoms appear, take two or three breaths, and seal and clear their
masks.
f. Observe the soldiers for 10 minutes for symptoms.
g. If no symptoms appear, direct the soldiers to unmask for 5 minutes
and don, seal, and clear their masks.
h. Observe the soldiers for 10 minutes for symptoms.
i. If no symptoms appear, direct all soldiers to unmask.
j. Check the soldiers for delayed symptoms. Have first aid treatment
available.
k. Complete steps 2a through 2j in sequence.
3. Report the absence of contamination in your area and the successful
completion of unmasking procedures to higher headquarters .
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or during a tactical training
session. The M256A1 trainer kit will be used for training and evaluation
purposes.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will be evaluated on his ability to conduct
unmasking procedures with and without the use of a chemical agent detector
kit. The soldiers taking part in the process will act only as directed by the
soldier conducting the unmasking exercise and will not be evaluated on their
performance.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Conducted unmasking procedures in sequence
using an M256A1 detector kit. —— ——
2. Conducted unmasking procedures in sequence
without using an M256A1 detector kit. —— ——
3. Reported the absence of contamination in the area
and the completion of unmasking procedures to higher
headquarters .
—— ——
3-52 031-503-3004 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-4
TM 3-6665-307-10
031-503-3004
Supervise the Crossing of a Contaminated Area
Conditions: You receive orders to cross a nuclear, biological, or chemical
contaminated area. Given a unit with mission-oriented protection posture
(MOPP) gear; organic decontamination equipment (such as M13
decontaminating apparatus portable (DAP) and individual decontaminating
kits), chem ical (such as M256 chemical agent detector kit, M8 chemical
agent detector paper, and M9 chemical detector tape) and radiological (such
as IM174-series radiation, detection, indication, and computation [RADIAC]
meter, AN/UDR-13 and AN/VDR-2 RADIAC sets, and IM93 dosimeter)
detection and/or warning devices; shielding material (such as sandbags);
and a defined NBC contaminated area.
Standards: Supervised a unit crossing or passing through a nuclear,
biological, or chemical contaminated area without producing additional
casualties or spreading contamination.
Performance Steps
1. Supervise a unit crossing a nuclear contaminated area.
a. Before crossing
(1) Provide shielding for personnel. Use vehicles if possible. Place
sandbags on the floor and sides of all vehicles (within reason for nonarmored
vehicles).
(2) Tell vehicle operators to close all doors, windows, hatches, and
vents on their vehicles.
(3) Have soldiers cover all exposed skin by rolling down their sleeves
and buttoning their collars. Ensure that they wear handkerchiefs or similar
cloths over their noses and mouths to keep from breathing radioactive dirt or
dust.
(4) Select the shortest possible route that would cause the least
contamination and permit the fastest travel based on mission, enemy, terrain,
troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC).
Skill Level 2 031-503-3004 3-53
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(5) Ensure that IM93 dosimeters are available and charged to zero.
(6) Ensure that AN/UDR-13 and AN/VDR-2 RADIAC sets are
available and operational.
(7) Delay entry into the area as long as possible within the limits of
the mission.
b. During crossing
(1) Perform continuous monitoring.
(2) Have the monitors watch the dose rate on the AN/UDR-13 or
AN/VDR-2 RADIAC set. Instruct them to keep you informed. Ensure that the
commander's turn-back dose rate is not exceeded without approval.
(3) Have all personnel with dosimeters check them often to ensure
that the commander's turn-back dose is not exceeded without approval.
(4) Move through the area as quickly as possible. Do not forget safety
or security.
(5) Ensure that vehicles are far enough apart during movement to
minimize dust. Consider the tactical situation, the command, and the control
when spacing the vehicles.
c. After crossing
(1) Have personnel check themselves and their equipment for
contamination. Have everyone brush the dust from his or her clothing.
(2) Determine if decontamination is required.
2. Supervise a unit crossing a chemical contaminated area.
a. Before crossing
(1) Select the shortest possible route that would cause the least
contamination and allow the fastest travel based on METT-TC.
(2) Tell vehicle operators to close all doors, windows, hatches, and
vents on their vehicles.
(3) Assume MOPP 4.
(4) Have soldiers attach M9 detector paper to their clothing and
equipment.
b. During crossing
(1) Ensure that vehicles are far enough apart during movement to
minimize dust. Consider the tactical situation, the command, and the control
when spacing vehicles.
(2) Move through the area as quickly as possible. Do not forget safety
or security. Continuously monitor personnel for chemical agent symptoms,
and give first aid as required.
3-54 031-503-3004 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(3) Ensure that soldiers avoid touching anything in the area if
possible.
(4) Monitor personnel closely for symptoms of heat stress, and
minimize excessive heat buildup.
c. After crossing
(1) Continue to monitor soldiers for chemical agent symptoms, and
give first aid as required.
(2) Have soldiers use detector paper to check themselves and their
equipment for contamination.
(3) Have soldiers use their decontaminating kits to decontaminate
any contaminated skin or personal equipment. Seek medical aid as required.
(4) Have vehicle operators use available decontaminating equipment
to decontaminate their vehicles, if required.
3. Supervise a unit crossing a biological contaminated area.
a. Before crossing
(1) Select the shortest possible route that would cause the least
contamination and allow the fastest travel based on METT-TC.
(2) Tell vehicle operators to close all doors, windows, hatches, and
vents on their vehicles.
(3) Assume the appropriate MOPP level, as required.
b. During crossing
(1) Move through the area as quickly as possible. Do NOT forget
safety or security.
(2) Ensure that personnel do NOT touch anything in the area that can
be avoided.
(3) Ensure that vehicles are far enough apart during movement to
minimize dust. Consider the tactical situation, the command, and the control
when spacing vehicles.
c. After crossing
(1) Decontaminate personnel and equipment by washing them
thoroughly with hot, soapy water, if time and mission permit.
(2) Do as many of the steps as possible for the types of
contamination present in the area.
(3) Seek medical aid if required.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a field exercise or a normal training session.
The contaminated area may have been marked with the appropriate
Skill Level 2 031-503-3005 3-55
Skill Level 2
markers, or a diagram may have been prepared showing the boundary of
the contaminated area, the soldier's present location, and the desired
direction of travel. Gather the necessary equipment and personnel to
conduct the movement. Obtain, for training purposes, fictitious commander's
operational exposure guidance (OEG) on the turn-back dose and the turn-
back dose rate.
Note. Before conducting this task, ensure that soldiers have been trained on the
following tasks: 031-503-2020, 031-503-2001, 031-503-2013, 031-503-1037, 031-503-
1013, and 031-503-2023.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to supervise the movement of a unit through a
nuclear, biologically, or chemically contaminated area by performing the
appropriate measures before, during, and after the movement through the
area. Give the soldier an illustration, showing the boundary of the
contaminated area, the soldier's present location, and desired direction of
travel through the contaminated area.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Supervised a unit crossing a nuclear contaminated
area. —— ——
2. Supervised a unit crossing a chemically
contaminated area. —— ——
3. Supervised a unit crossing a biologically
contaminated area. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-3
FM 3-4
FM 3-5
031-503-3005
Submit an NBC 1 Report
Conditions: A nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) attack has just
occurred in your area. You are given a watch, a map, a compass, a
protractor, a pencil, paper, and the NBC report format guide (Graphic
Training Aid [GTA] 03-06-008) or DA Form 1971-7-R, NBC-1 Observers
Initial/Follow-Up Report.
3-56 031-503-3005 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Standards: Submitted the NBC 1 report with the required information.
Completed and submitted a spot report (SPOTREP) to give an immediate
attack notification.
Performance Steps
1. React to an NBC attack or hazard.
a. React to a nuclear attack or hazard.
b. React to a chemical or biological attack or hazard.
Note. The purpose of the SPOTREP is to give immediate notification of the NBC
attack.
2. Submit a SPOTREP immediately (use the size, activity, location, unit,
time, and equipment [SALUTE] format if possible) for attack notification.
3. Submit an NBC 1 (observer’s) report after gathering the available
data.
a. Complete the required information as outlined in GTA 03-06-008,
FM 3-3 (chemical or biological), or FM 3-3-1 (nuclear) to include
(1) Line B: Location of observer (use grid coordinates or place
name).
(2) Line D: Date-time group (DTG) of the attack (specify local or
Zulu time).
(3) Line H: Type and height of burst (nuclear) or type of agent and
persistency (chemical or biological).
(4) Line C: Direction of attack in mils or degrees from the
observer; or
Line F: Location of attack, grid coordinates, or place name.
b. Select the proper communication precedence.
Note. Flash reports should NOT be delayed for lack of information.
(1) Use flash precedence if this is the first attack of its type (the
first nuclear attack, the first biological attack, or the first chemical attack).
(Flash precedence is used to report the first use of NBC weapons against
U.S. troops.)
Note. A flash precedence is used to report the first use of NBC weapons against
U.S. troops.
(2) Use immediate precedence for all other attacks.
Note. Line L (nuclear) is measured 5 minutes after the attack, and Line M
(nuclear) is measured 10 minutes after the attack. Submit the NBC 1 nuclear
report after Line L or Line M is measured. The M256-series chemical agent
detector kit takes 16 minutes to produce reliable results. Submit the NBC 1 Report
after this test is done.
Skill Level 2 031-503-3008 3-57
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
c. Submit the NBC 1 report to the correct places.
Note. Units selected by the division level NBC center (NBCC) as designated
observers (applies only to nuclear bursts) also submit the NBC 1 report directly to
the division level NBCC. All units submit the NBC 1 report to their higher
headquarters.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Gather the items provided in the conditions statement. Develop a
situation containing observer data. (This information may be written.) A
different situation should be developed for each type of report.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the test will consist of submitting
SPOTREPs and preparing and submitting NBC 1 reports. Give the
necessary items to the soldier, including the data you developed. Tell the
individual to give a warning and prepare reports of an NBC event.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Reacted to an NBC attack or hazard. —— ——
2. Submitted a SPOTREP immediately for attack
notification. —— ——
3. Submitted an NBC 1 report after gathering available
data and completing the required information for the
report according to GTA 03-06-008.
—— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-3 DA Form 1971-2-R
FM 3-3-1 DA Form 1971-7-R
GTA 03-06-008
031-503-3008
Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture
Conditions: You are in a nuclear, biological, or chemical environment or are
warned of a threat of a NBC hazard. Given two or more soldiers with MOPP
gear, M8 and M9 detector paper, an M291 or M295 decontaminating kit,
three nerve agent antidote autoinjectors, and a requirement to assume the
appropriate MOPP level and check soldiers sleeping in MOPP 4.
3-58 031-503-3008 Skill Leve l 2
Skill Level 2
Standards: Implemented MOPP and directed soldiers to assume the
appropriate MOPP level based on MOPP guidance from the commander.
Identified all deficiencies and took appropriate corrective action for soldiers
sleeping in MOPP 4.
Performance Steps
1. Direct soldiers to put on MOPP gear and equipment for MOPP 1
through MOPP 4. (See STP 21-1-SMCT, Task 031-503-1015.)
a. Ensure the soldiers assume MOPP 1.
b. Ensure the soldiers assume MOPP 2.
c. Ensure the soldiers assume MOPP 3.
d. Ensure the soldiers assume MOPP 4.
2. Check yourself and soldiers for proper wear of protective clothing.
a. Ensure all soldiers are wearing the appropriate clothing and
equipment for the directed MOPP level.
b. Ensure protective masks are worn and sealed at MOPP 3 and
MOPP 4.
c. Ensure protective clothing is worn properly.
3. Check each sleeping soldier.
a. Observe soldier to ensure he is breathing.
(1) Try to awaken him, if he does not appear to be breathing,
(2) If the soldier cannot be awakened, perform task 081-831-1000,
STP 21-1 SMCT.
b. Check soldier's mask for indicators of a broken seal.
(1) Awaken the soldier and have him reseal his mask, if the seal
appears to be broken.
(2) Direct another soldier to observe him for nerve agent
poisoning.
(3) Perform task 081-831-1044, STP 21-1-SMCT, if symptoms are
observed.
c. Check soldier's protective clothing for problems.
(1) Fasten or adjust the protective clothing of the sleeping soldier
if his skin is not exposed and no symptoms are observed.
(2) Awaken soldier and have him decontaminate using the M291,
if his skin is exposed and appears to be contaminated with liquid. Have
soldier adjust his protective clothing or conduct MOPP gear exchange, as
appropriate.
(3) Perform task 081-831-1044, STP 21-1 SMCT, if skin is
exposed and nerve agent symptoms are observed.
Skill Level 2 031-503-3010 3-59
Skill Level 2
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Evaluate this task during a normal training session. Gather all
necessary MOPP gear, and ensure that it is in good condition. Be prepared
to direct a series of specific MOPP levels for the evaluated soldier to
implement with the troops provided (such as MOPP 0 through 4
sequentially). Have the soldier explain the deficiencies he should look for
and the corrective actions he should take for a soldier sleeping in MOPP 4.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the test will consist of identifying all
deficiencies and taking appropriate corrective actions for a soldier sleeping
in MOPP 4 and directing soldiers to assume the appropriate MOPP level
based on the MOPP guidance from the commander.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Directed soldiers to put on MOPP gear and
equipment to assume MOPP 1 through 4. —— ——
2. Checked self and soldiers for proper wear of
protective clothing. —— ——
3. Checked the sleeping soldier. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 4-25.11
FM 3-4
TM 3-4240-279-10
TM 10-8415-209-10
031-503-3010
Supervise the Employment of Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
Markers
Conditions: You are in a tactical environment where NBC weapons have
been used. The contamination has been located and identified in an area.
You and your unit are at the appropriate mission-oriented protective posture
(MOPP) level. You have NBC markers and a grease pencil or an NBC
contamination marking set.
Standards: Supervised the employment of NBC markers. Ensured that the
appropriate marker was selected, the required information was recorded on
3-60 031-503-3010 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
the marker, and the marker was properly emplaced. There is no change in
standards if this task is performed in MOPP 4.
Performance Steps
1. Supervise the employment of NBC markers for nuclear contamination.
a. Ensure that markers are placed at the location where a dose rate
of one centigray per hour (cGy/hr) or more was measured.
b. Ensure that all information is printed on the front side of the marker
so the word "ATOM" is facing toward you in an upright position.
Information should include
(1) The dose rate in cGy/hr.
(2) The date and time (local or Zulu, state which) of the
detonation. (If the date and time are not known, print "UNKNOWN.")
(3) The date and time (local or Zulu, state which) of the reading.
c. Ensure that markers are positioned so they can be easily seen and
the recorded information faces away from the area of contamination.
(1) Ensure that markers are attached to objects, such as trees or
poles, so they will be easily visible from all probable routes through the
contaminated area.
(2) Ensure that each marker is placed so the next one can be
seen from the one previously emplaced.
2. Supervise the employment of NBC markers for biological
contamination.
a. Ensure that all information is printed on the front side of the marker
so the word "BIO" is facing toward you in an upright position. Information
should include
(1) The type of agent detected. If unknown, print the word
"UNKNOWN."
(2) The date and time (local or Zulu, state which) of detonation
(place beneath the date of detection).
b. Ensure that markers are positioned so they can be easily seen and
the recorded information faces away from the area of contamination.
(1) Ensure that markers are attached to objects (such as trees or
poles) so they will be easily visible from all probable routes through the
contaminated area.
(2) Ensure that each marker is placed so the next one can be
seen from the one previously emplaced.
3. Supervise the employment of NBC markers for chemical
contamination.
Skill Level 2 031-503-3010 3-61
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
a. Ensure that all information is printed on the front side of the marker
so the word "GAS" is facing toward you in an upright position. Information
should include
(1) The type of agent detected. If unknown, print the word
"UNKNOWN."
(2) The date and time (local or Zulu, state which) of detonation
(place beneath the type of agent detected).
b. Ensure that markers are positioned so they can be easily seen and
the recorded information faces away from the area of contamination.
(1) Ensure that markers are attached to objects, such as trees or
poles, so they will be easily visible from all probable routes through the
contaminated area.
(2) Ensure that each marker is placed so the next one can be
seen from the one previously emplaced.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Use simulated agents to produce a contaminated environment for
chemical and biological (CB) agents. When requiring a marker for nuclear
contamination, tell the soldier the amount of radiation present.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the test will consist of ensuring that NBC
markers are properly emplaced and all information is printed on the markers.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Supervised the employment of NBC markers for
nuclear contamination. —— ——
2. Supervised the employment of NBC markers for
biological contamination. —— ——
3. Supervised the employment of NBC markers for
chemical contamination. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails , show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-3
TM 3-9905-001-10
3-62 031-503-4002 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
031-503-4002
Supervise Unit Preparation for a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
Attack
Conditions: You are given commander's guidance, a radio, pioneer tools
(ax, shovel, mattock), chemical alarms, chemical agent detector kits,
covering materials (plastic sheets, ponchos, or tarpaulins), and soldiers who
have their mission-oriented protective posture (MOPP) gear.
Standards: Supervised unit preparation for a NBC attack. Prepared and
protected materiel from becoming damaged, contam inated, or inoperable
and unit personnel from becoming casualties. Standards are not degraded if
performed in MOPP 4; however, because of the amount of physical work
that must be done in this task, serious performance degradation may result if
soldiers are in MOPP gear.
Performance Steps
1. Supervise unit preparation for a nuclear attack.
a. Individual protection.
(1) Ensure that personnel are sheltered in well-constructed
fighting positions with overhead cover, bunkers, and/or armored vehicles.
(2) Ensure that personnel cover all exposed skin (roll sleeves
down, button collars). A handkerchief or similar cloth may be worn over
the nose and mouth to prevent inhalation of contaminated dust.
b. Position.
(1) Ensure that the terrain is used effectively to minimize the
effects of an attack.
(2) Ensure that the type of available shelter selected (covered
foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored
vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.
c. Materiel.
(1) Ensure that supplies, equipment, and vehicles are dispersed
and/or dug in as much as possible. Ensure that explosives, ammunition,
and flammables (fuel and oil) have been dispersed and/or dug in. Cover
them if possible.
(2) Ensure that existing cover provides protection and natural
shielding for vehicles, supplies, and equipment from a nuclear explosion.
Ensure that vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are opposite
the prevailing wind direction. Ensure that air conditioners are turned off
and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or
ponchos).
Skill Level 2 031-503-4002 3-63
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(3) Ensure that flammable debris is kept to a minimum. Ensure
that small objects are secured to minimize the danger of casualties and
damage from flying debris.
(4) Ensure that all food and water are tightly sealed in containers
and secured under available cover.
(5) Ensure that all electronic equipment and radios are turned off,
if not required for use.
(6) Ensure that power cables, antennas, and unused electronic
equipment are disconnected and removed from power mounts.
(7) Ensure that communications and electronics equipment are
placed inside bunkers or armored vehicles to enhance protection against
an electromagnetic pulse (EMP).
d. Unit. Ensure that NBC equipment operators prepare the
equipment for use.
2. Supervise unit preparation for a biological attack.
a. Individual protection.
(1) Coordinate with medical personnel for needed immunizations.
(2) Ensure soldiers practice good hygiene and field sanitation
procedures.
(3) Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition (well rested,
well fed, and healthy).
(4) Ensure soldiers button clothing and cover exposed skin or
wear the appropriate MOPP level.
(5) Ensure soldiers check protective masks and individual
equipment for serviceability.
(6) Coordinate with supply personnel for needed parts and
equipment.
b. Position.
(1) Ensure the terrain is used effectively to minimize the effects of
an attack.
(2) Ensure the type of available shelter selected (covered
foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored
vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.
c. Materiel.
(1) Ensure all food and water are tightly sealed in containers and
secured under available cover.
3-64 031-503-4002 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(2) Ensure unused supplies and equipment are covered to avoid
surface contamination from an aerial spray attack.
(3) Ensure vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are
opposite the prevailing wind direction. Ensure air conditioners are turned
off and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or
ponchos).
3. Supervise unit preparation for a chemical attack.
a. Individual protection.
(1) Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition (well rested,
well fed, and healthy).
(2) Ensure soldiers check protective equipment for serviceability
and coordinate with supply personnel for replacement parts and
equipment.
(3) Ensure the appropriate MOPP level is assumed.
(4) Ensure individuals seek available overhead cover or use
ponchos, plastic sheets, tarpaulins, and so forth to cover their positions.
(5) Ensure antidotes and decontaminating kits are serviceable and
readily available.
b. Position.
(1) Ensure the terrain is used effectively to minimize the effects of
an attack.
(2) Ensure the type of available shelter selected (covered
foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored
vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.
c. Materiel.
(1) Ensure all equipment, supplies, and vehicles are dispersed as
much as possible. Ensure that these items are covered with nonporous
materials (plastic sheets or ponchos). As a last resort, use dense foliage.
(2) Ensure vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are
opposite the prevailing wind direction. Ensure that air conditioners are
turned off and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic
sheets or ponchos).
(3) Ensure unpackaged food is in sealed containers. Ensure
soldiers open food only when they are ready to eat it, keep water in
sealed containers, and cover items if possible.
d. Unit. Ensure operators of NBC equipment prepare the equipment
for use.
Evaluation Preparation:
Skill Level 2 031-506-1053 3-65
Skill Level 2
Setup: To evaluate this task, choose a site that allows the dispersing and/or
digging in of vehicles, supplies, and equipment. You may decide to quiz the
soldier on performance measures that are difficult to evaluate otherwise,
such as individual preparation for a biological attack.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will be evaluated on his ability to supervise
unit preparations for an NBC attack.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Supervised unit preparation for a nuclear attack. —— ——
2. Supervised unit preparation for a biological attack. —— ——
3. Supervised unit preparation for a chemical attack. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
FM 3-4
031-506-1053
Report Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Information Using NBC 4
Report
Conditions: You are in a nuclear, biological, or chemical contaminated
tactical environment. Given a watch, a map, a compass, a protractor, a
pencil, paper and the NBC report format guide (GTA 03-06-008 or DA Form
1971-10-R, NBC 4-Radiation Dose Rate Measurements/Chemical/Biological
Areas of Contamination).
Standards: Reported NBC information using the NBC report. Completed
NBC 4 reports with all heading information and mandatory line items (Q, R,
and S for nuclear or H, Q, and S for chemical or biological). Included all
other appropriate data, and ensured that each report was in the correct
format. Disseminated completed NBC 4 reports to the proper authority.
Performance Steps
Note. Go to step 1 if it is a nuclear report. Go to step 2 if it is a chemical and
biological (CB) report. Treat depleted uranium (DU) the same as a nuclear hazard.
1. Prepare an NBC 4 nuclear report.
Note. The mandatory information in an NBC 4 nuclear report is the location of the
reading (line Q), the dose rate (line R), and the date-time group (DTG) of the
3-66 031-506-1053 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
reading (line S).
a. Report the heading information for the NBC 4 nuclear report.
(1) FROM: Enter your unit identification.
(2) TO: Enter the unit identification you are calling.
(3) PRECEDENCE: Use "IMMEDIATE."
(4) CLASSIFICATION: Usually sent unclassified.
(5) DATE-TIME: Use eight digits (DDHHMMtwo digits for the
day, four digits to represent military time) plus "Zulu" or "LOCAL."
(6) TYPE OF REPORT: Enter "NUCLEAR."
(7) CATEGORY OF REPORT: Enter "INITIAL" if this is the first
report on this attack you will submit; otherwise, enter "FOLLOW-UP."
b. Turn DA Form 1971-10-R to the reverse side.
(1) Line A: Enter the strike serial number.
(2) Line Q: Enter grid coordinates of the location of the reading
(grid coordinates or place name, state actual or estimated).
(3) Line R: Enter the dose rate in centigray per hour (cGy/hr).
(4) Line S: Enter the DTG of the reading.
Note. The NBC 4 report can contain more than one reading. Repeat lines Q, R,
and S, if necessary.
c. Go to step 4.
2. Prepare an NBC 4 CB report.
Note. The mandatory information in an NBC 4 CB report is the type of agent (line
H), the location of the reading (line Q), and the DTG of the reading (line S).
a. Report the heading information for the NBC 4 CB report.
(1) FROM: Enter your unit identification.
(2) TO: Enter the unit identification you are calling.
(3) PRECEDENCE: Use "IMMEDIATE."
(4) CLASSIFICATION: Usually sent unclassified.
(5) DATE-TIME: Use eight digits (DDHHMMtwo digits for the
day, four digits to represent military time) plus "Zulu" or "LOCAL."
(6) TYPE OF REPORT: Enter "CHEMICAL" or "BIOLOGICAL."
(7) CATEGORY OF REPORT: Enter "INITIAL" if this is the first
report on this attack you will submit; otherwise, enter "FOLLOW-UP."
b. Use Section I on DA Form 1971-10-R.
(1) Line A: Enter the strike serial number.
Skill Level 2 031-506-2061 3-67
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
(2) Line H: Enter the type of agent.
(3) Line Q: Enter grid coordinates of the location of the reading
(grid coordinates or place name, state actual or estimated).
(4) Line S: Enter the DTG of the reading.
Note. The NBC 4 report can contain more than one reading. Repeat lines Q, R,
and S if necessary.
c. Go to step 4.
3. Submit the completed NBC 4 report using any means possible.
Evaluation Preparation:
Setup: Gather the items provided in the conditions statement. Develop a
situation containing observer data. The information may be written and
given to the soldier. Develop a different situation for each type of report.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that the test will consist of preparing and
submitting NBC 4 reports. Give him the necessary items, including the data
you developed. Tell the individual to prepare and submit NBC 4 reports.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared an NBC 4 nuclear report. —— ——
2. Prepared an NBC 4 CB report. —— ——
3. Submitted the completed NBC report. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
DA Form 1971-10-R FM 3-3
GTA 03-06-008 FM 3-3-1
031-506-2061
Conduct a Mask Fit Test
Conditions: Given an M41 Protection Assessment Test System (PATS);
M17-, M40-, M42- and M45- series protective masks; PATS operator
manual; TC 3-41; and any of the following situations:
1. You are directed by the commander to conduct a mask fit test.
3-68 031-506-2061 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
2. You have a soldier(s) who requires an initial issue, an annual verification,
or a replacement mask issue.
3. This task will NOT be performed in MOPP 4.
Standards: Conducted a mask fit test. Performed all the steps in sequence
to verify the fit of a protective mask to an individual's face.
Performance Steps
1. Prepare the mask for the fit test (M40-, M42-, and M45-series).
a. Attach the drink tube sampling adapter to the drink tube quick-
disconnect coupling.
b. Have the soldier sit down for the fit test.
c. Have the soldier don the mask.
d. Instruct the soldier to blow as hard as possible several times into
the internal drink tube mouthpiece to remove any trapped fluids or foreign
matter. Ensure that the drink tube is clear so foreign matter will not be
drawn into the protection assessment test instrument (PATI) and the PATI
will be able to draw air from inside the mask.
Note. THIS IS A CRITICAL STEP.
e. Have the soldier adjust the face piece and tighten the head
harness. Ensure that the face piece is properly fitted.
2. Prepare the mask for the fit test (M17-series).
a. Attach the drink tube sampling adapter to the drink tube quick-
disconnect coupling.
b. Attach the drink valve retaining lever to hold the drink valve open.
c. Have the soldier sit down for the fit test.
d. Have the soldier don the mask.
e. Instruct the soldier to blow as hard as possible several times into
the internal drink tube mouthpiece to remove any trapped fluids or foreign
matter. Ensure that the drink tube is clear so foreign matter will not be
drawn into the PATI and the PATI will be able to draw air from inside the
mask.
Note. THIS IS A CRITICAL STEP.
f. Have the soldier remove the mask. Insert the sample tube
extension into the internal drinking tube mouthpiece.
g. Remove the drink valve retaining lever from the drink valve lever.
Skill Level 2 031-506-2061 3-69
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
WARNING
Have the soldier close his eyes while putting the mask on to prevent
the sample extension tube from touching and possibly injuring his
eyes.
h. Instruct the soldier to don the mask. Ensure that the sample
extension tube is properly positioned.
i. Adjust the face piece, and tighten the head harness. Ensure that
the face piece is properly fitted.
j. Attach the drink valve retaining lever so the drink valve is held in
the open position for the duration of the fit test.
3. Conduct a mask fit test (M17-, M40-, M42-, and M45-series). (See the
PATS operator's manual.)
Note. It is important that smoking not be permitted in the immediate area where
the fit test is being conducted. The soldier should not smoke for at least 30 minutes
before the test. To achieve proper results, the soldier should not talk during the
test.
a. Remove the high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter from the
twin tube assembly.
b. Attach the twin sample tube (marked "SAMPLE") to the sample
port on the end of the drink tube sampling adapter.
c. Monitor the reading on the display with the PATI in the count mode
and have the soldier remain still until an acceptable reading of 3.0
particles/cubic centimeters or lower is obtained.
d. Press the FIT TEST key on the keypad after obtaining an
acceptable seal to bring the instrument into the standby fit test mode.
Note. Before continuing to the next step, brief the soldier on how to perform the
exercises outlined in the operator's manual. The soldier should be instructed to
breathe normally during all exercises except the deep breathing exercise.
e. Verify the number of exercises is set to S by pressing the
NUMBER OF EXERCISES key.
f. Press the START/STOP TEST key to begin the fit test. Instruct
the soldier to perform the first exercise.
g. Have the soldier remove his mask after the test is complete, and
PASS is indicated.
h. Remove all testing attachments from the soldier's mask.
i. Repeat the test if FAIL is indicated. (Repeat steps 3f and 3g.)
Evaluation Preparation:
3-70 061-283-6003 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Setup: Ensure that the items required in the conditions section are available
to the soldier. A soldier with a mask must be available.
Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to conduct the mask fit test based on the type
of protective mask issued.
Note. Performance measures will vary depending on type of mask being fitted (M17-,
M40-, M42-, or M45-series.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared the mask for the fit test (M40-, M42-, and
M45-series). —— ——
2. Prepared the mask for the fit test (M17-series). —— ——
3. Conducted a mask fit test (M17-, M40-, M42-, and
M45-series). —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures
are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.
If the soldier fails any performance measure show him how to do it correctly.
References
Required Related
TC 3-41 TM 3-4240-279-10
TM 3-4240-279-20&P
SUBJECT AREA 4: SURVIVE (COMBAT TECHNIQUES)
061-283-6003
Adjust Indirect Fire
Conditions: Given a pair of binoculars, a radio, a compass, pencils, a
coordinate scale, a map of the target area, a target to engage within the
area, and grid location of friendly troops.
Standards: Determined the target location to within 250 meters of its actual
location. The initial call for fire was made within 3 minutes after the target
was identified. Adjustments were sent within 45 seconds after each round
impacted. Observer entered the fire-for-effect phase using no more than six
rounds (initial round plus five for adjustment). Fire for effect was within 50
meters of the target using successive bracketing procedures (or creeping fire
if danger close).
Performance Steps
1. Locate the target within 250 meters of the actual target location.
Skill Level 2 061-283-6003 3-71
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
a. Locate the target by grid coordinates .
b. Determine the direction from your position to the target.
c. Formulate a call for fire. Include the elements of the call for fire in
sequence.
(1) Observer identification (your call sign).
(2) Warning order (adjust fire).
(3) Location of target.
(4) Description of the target (for example "INFANTRY PLATOON IN
THE OPEN").
(5) Method of engagement (may be omitted if area fire is desired).
(a) If the target is within 600 meters of friendly troops, announce
"DANGER CLOSE" to the fire direction center (FDC) in the initial call for fire,
in the method of engagement phase.
(b) Use creeping procedures to adjust danger close fire. Range
corrections should NOT exceed 100 meters.
(c) Initial target location is reported on the enemy side of the
target.
(6) Method of fire control.
Note. The request for a fire mission would be similar to figure 061-283-6003-1.
Figure 061-283-6003-1. Initial Fire Request
3-72 061-283-6003 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
2. Transmit the call for fire to the FDC within three minutes of target
identification.
a. Conduct three transmissions.
(1) Send observer identification and warning order. Example:
A4Z57, THIS IS G3H71, ADJUST FIRE, OVER.
(2) Send target location. Example: GRID NG180513, OVER.
(Give the six-digit grid of the target, with the grid zone identifier, to within
250 meters of the actual target location.)
(3) Send target description, method of engagement, method of fire
and control. Example: INFANTRY IN THE OPEN, ICM IN EFFECT,
OVER.
b. Give the direction to the target within 100 mils (M2 compass) or five
degrees (lensatic compass) or give an accurate cardinal direction (no
compass available) of the actual target location. This should be sent before
the first correction, or with the first correction.
3. Adjust rounds to within 50 meters of the target, within 45 seconds of the
impact of each adjusting round.
a. Spot each round when it impacts as right or left, over or short of your
target.
b. Determine corrections for deviation left or right of the target.
Note. Measure deviation. Measure the horizontal angle in mils, using the reticle
pattern in the binoculars or hand measurement of angular deviation. Estimate the
range to the target and divide by 1,000. This is the observer-target (OT) factor. If the
OT distance is 1,000 meters or greater, the OT factor is expressed to the nearest
whole number. If the OT distance is less than 1,000 meters, the OT factor is
expressed to the nearest 1/10th. For example, 800 = 0.8. Multiplying the OT factor by
the deviation measured in mils produces deviation corrections in meters.
c. When the first range spotting is observed, make a range correction
that would result in a range spotting in the opposite direction. For example, if
the first round is short, add enough to get an over on the next round. This is
called successive bracketing (figure 061-283-6003-2). Figure 061-283-
6003-3 shows the impact of the initial round. The target is 2100 meters
away. Since the round is beyond the target, you must drop. You estimate
that the round is 250 meters beyond the target. Therefore, you must drop
400 meters to start successive bracketing procedures. The round impacted
50 mils left of the target. With an OT factor of 2, the round impacted 100
meters left. Your correction to the FDC is "RIGHT 100DROP 400
OVER.”
Skill Level 2 061-283-6003 3-73
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
WARNING
DO NOT BRACKET when DANGER CLOSE, it could result in friendly
casualties, use the creeping fire procedure (all corrections are 100
meters or less).
Figure 061-283-6003-2. Successive Bracketing
3-74 061-283-6003 Skill Level 2
Skill Level 2
Performance Steps
Figure 061-283-6003-3. Impact of Initial Round
d. Continue splitting the range bracket until a 100-meter bracket is split
or range correct spotting is observed, maintaining deviation on line. (Figure
061-283-6003-4 and