The United States Government Manual

User Manual:

Open the PDF directly: View PDF PDF.
Page Count: 976

DownloadThe United States Government Manual
Open PDF In BrowserView PDF
The United States Government Manual

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Resources
Declaration of Independence
Constitution
Organizational Chart of the U.S.
Government
History of Agency Organizational
Changes
Boards, Commissions, and
Committees

The United States Government Manual

Other International Organizations
Selected Bilateral Organizations
Agency Acronyms / Initialisms
Links to External Web Sites
Contact Information / News
Archives of USGM Editions

The United States Government Manual was published initially as a
loose-leaf notebook, its pages held in place by three metal rings. For
over eight decades, this New Deal-era publication has been the
"official handbook" of the Federal Government. A regularly updated
special edition of the Federal Register, it includes leadership tables
and describes agency activities and programs of the executive,
judicial, and legislative branches of Government, as well as activities
and programs of quasi-official agencies and international
organizations in which the United States participates as a member.
The 2018 Government Manual also has Sources of Information
sections covering a host of topics and containing links to online
resources. Here are examples to illustrate the wide range of topics
covered in these sections: aircraft and ships, America the Beautiful
passes, answers to FAQs, artists, auctions, bank regulators, blogs,
bullying, bus travel safety, career and business opportunities,
chemical exposure, Chief of Staff's reading list, climate and
sustainability, cooperative practices and cooperative principles, credit
cards, credit unions, datasets and statistics, debt collection,
democracy, disease, earthquakes and landslides, Electoral College,
endangered species and wildlife, flood insurance, Founding Fathers,
Freedom of Information Act and Open Government, gardening and
organic agriculture, glossaries, Green Card and naturalization, green
jobs, historic Federal courthouses, history and timelines,
homelessness and homeless veterans, Landsat, landscaping, law
enforcement, learning American English, lessons of the Holocaust,
LGBT youth, maps, Marine Corps bands and tattoo policy, Medals of
Honor, minimum wage, museums, news and announcements, organ

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1[11/14/2018 12:39:12 PM]

The United States Government Manual

donation and transplantation, organizational charts, over 9 billion
records, payday loans, plain language, planets, publications, public
debt, recreation, renewable energy, savings bonds and Treasury bills,
search tools, seigniorage, sexual assault, shipwrecks and ship
disposal, site maps and A–Z indices, snarge, social media, student
loans, suicide prevention, tobacco-free living, travel warnings and
wait times, trees on Capitol Grounds, underage drinking, volcanic
activity, water conservation and resources, whistleblower disclosures,
wild horses and burros, women in the labor force, and more.
Browse by Category
Legislative Branch
Branch
Legislative
Congress
Architect of the Capitol
Congressional Budget Office
Government Accountability Office
Government Publishing Office
1 2

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Page 1 of 2, items 1 to 5 of 7.

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1[11/14/2018 12:39:12 PM]

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

Declaration of Independence
Action of Second Continental Congress, July 4, 1776

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the
political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of
the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God
entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the
causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self‐evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed
by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the
pursuit of Happiness.‐‐That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men,
deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, ‐‐That whenever any Form of
Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to
abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and
organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and
Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be
changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under
absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to
provide new Guards for their future security.‐‐Such has been the patient sufferance of these
Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of
Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries
and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these
States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public
good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance,
unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so

suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people,
unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a
right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant
from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into
compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness
his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected;
whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People
at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the
dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose
obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to
encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of
Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for
establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the
amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass
our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our
legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution,
and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended
Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they
should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing
therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once
an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these
Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering
fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to
legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging
War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the
lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the
works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty &
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of
a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms
against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to
fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the
inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare,
is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms:
Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character
is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from
time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us.
We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have
appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our
common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our
connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of
consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our
Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress,
Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do,
in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and
declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States;
that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection
between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as
Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract
Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States
may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection
of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred
Honor.

The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:
Column 1
Georgia:
Button Gwinnett
Lyman Hall
George Walton
Column 2
North Carolina:
William Hooper
Joseph Hewes
John Penn
South Carolina:
Edward Rutledge
Thomas Heyward, Jr.
Thomas Lynch, Jr.
Arthur Middleton
Column 3
Massachusetts:
John Hancock
Maryland:
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia:
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton
Column 4
Pennsylvania:
Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
Benjamin Franklin
John Morton
George Clymer
James Smith
George Taylor
James Wilson
George Ross

Delaware:
Caesar Rodney
George Read
Thomas McKean
Column 5
New York:
William Floyd
Philip Livingston
Francis Lewis
Lewis Morris
New Jersey:
Richard Stockton
John Witherspoon
Francis Hopkinson
John Hart
Abraham Clark
Column 6
New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett
William Whipple
Massachusetts:
Samuel Adams
John Adams
Robert Treat Paine
Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island:
Stephen Hopkins
William Ellery
Connecticut:
Roger Sherman
Samuel Huntington
William Williams
Oliver Wolcott
New Hampshire:
Matthew Thornton

For more information on the Declaration of Independence and the Charters of Freedom, see
http://archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration.html

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

Constitution of the United States
Article I Article II Article III Article IV Article V Article VI Article VII Amendments 1‐10 Amendments 11‐27
Note: The following text is a transcription of the Constitution in its original form. Items that are
hyperlinked/underlined have since been amended or superseded.

Preamble
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish
justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the
general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do
ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Article I
Section 1.
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States,
which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section 2.
The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year
by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the
qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state
legislature.
No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty
five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when
elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which
may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be
determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to
service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other

Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first
meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten
years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall
not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one
Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire
shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence
Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight,
Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and
Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority
thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall
have the sole power of impeachment.

Section 3.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each
state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one
vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they
shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the
first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at
the expiration of the fourth year, and the third class at the expiration of the sixth year,
so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by
resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive
thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature,
which shall then fill such vacancies.
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and
been nine years a citizen of the United States and who shall not, when elected, be an
inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have
no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the
absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the
United States.
The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that
purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States
is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the
concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office,
and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the
United States: but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to
indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

Section 4.
The times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives,
shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any
time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on
the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 5.
Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own
members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller
number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance
of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may
provide.
Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for
disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member.
Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the
same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and
nays of the members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of one fifth of
those present, be entered on the journal.

Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other,
adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two
Houses shall be sitting.

Section 6.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be
ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all
cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during
their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning
from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be
questioned in any other place.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be
appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have
been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time:
and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either
House during his continuance in office.

Section 7.
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the
Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills.
Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall,
before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he
approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that House in
which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal,
and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two thirds of that House shall
agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House,
by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House,
it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined
by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be
entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by
the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by
their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.
Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of
Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be

presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect,
shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds
of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations
prescribed in the case of a bill.

Section 8.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to
pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United
States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United
States;
To borrow money on the credit of the United States;
To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the
Indian tribes;
To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of
bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of
weights and measures;
To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the
United States;
To establish post offices and post roads;
To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to
authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;
To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;
To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses
against the law of nations;
To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning
captures on land and water;
To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a
longer term than two years;

To provide and maintain a navy;
To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;
To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress
insurrections and repel invasions;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such
part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the
states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the
militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such District (not
exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance
of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise
like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in
which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and
other needful buildings;‐‐And
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the
foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of
the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Section 9.
The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall
think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one
thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases
of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
No bill of attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or
enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state.

No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of
one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be
obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another.
No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made
by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public
money shall be published from time to time.
No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any
office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of
any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or
foreign state.

Section 10.
No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque
and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a
tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing
the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.
No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or duties on
imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's
inspection laws: and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on
imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.
No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or
ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state,
or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent
danger as will not admit of delay.

Article II
Section 1.
The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He
shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President,
chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows:
Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number
of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the

State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or person
holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an
elector.
The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of
whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And
they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each;
which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government
of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the
Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the
certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest
number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole
number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority,
and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall
immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a
majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner
choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States,
the representation from each state having one vote; A quorum for this purpose shall
consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the
states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the
person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President.
But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose
from them by ballot the Vice President.
The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which
they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.
No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of
the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall
any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five
years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States.
In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or
inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on
the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death,
resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer
shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be
removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall
neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been
elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the
United States, or any of them.
Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or
affirmation:‐‐"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of
President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and
defend the Constitution of the United States."

Section 2.
The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States,
and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United
States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the
executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the
United States, except in cases of impeachment.
He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make
treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other
public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the
United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which
shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such
inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in
the heads of departments.
The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess
of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next
session.

Section 3.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union,
and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and
expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them,
and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment,
he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive

ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States.

Section 4.
The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed
from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high
crimes and misdemeanors.

Article III
Section 1.
The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in
such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good
behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which
shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Section 2.
The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this
Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made,
under their authority;‐‐to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and
consuls;‐‐to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;‐‐to controversies to which
the United States shall be a party;‐‐to controversies between two or more states;‐‐
between a state and citizens of another state;‐‐between citizens of different states;‐‐
between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and
between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in
which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the
other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both
as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress
shall make.
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial
shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when
not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress
may by law have directed.

Section 3.
Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in
adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of
treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on
confession in open court.
The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder
of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the
person attainted.

Article IV
Section 1.
Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial
proceedings of every other state. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the
manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect
thereof.

Section 2.
The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in
the several states.
A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from
justice, and be found in another state, shall on demand of the executive authority of the
state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction
of the crime.
No person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into
another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such
service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or
labor may be due.

Section 3.
New states may be admitted by the Congress into this union; but no new states shall be
formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be formed by
the junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the
legislatures of the states concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations
respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in
this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or
of any particular state.

Section 4.
The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of
government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the
legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against
domestic violence.

Article V
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall
propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of
two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments,
which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this
Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or
by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification
may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made
prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the
first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without
its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.

Article VI
All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this
Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under
the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance
thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall
be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary
notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several
state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of
the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution;

but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust
under the United States.

Article VII
The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the
establishment of this Constitution between the states so ratifying the same.

Signers
Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the states present the seventeenth
day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven
and of the independence of the United States of America the twelfth.
In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,
G. Washington‐Presidt. and deputy from Virginia
New Hampshire: John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman
Massachusetts: Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King
Connecticut: Wm: Saml. Johnson, Roger Sherman
New York: Alexander Hamilton
New Jersey: Wil: Livingston, David Brearly, Wm. Paterson, Jona: Dayton
Pennsylvania: B. Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt. Morris, Geo. Clymer, Thos. FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll,
James Wilson, Gouv Morris
Delaware: Geo: Read, Gunning Bedford jun, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jaco: Broom
Maryland: James McHenry, Dan of St Thos. Jenifer, Danl Carroll
Virginia: John Blair‐‐, James Madison Jr.
North Carolina: Wm. Blount, Richd. Dobbs Spaight, Hu Williamson
South Carolina: J. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler
Georgia: William Few, Abr Baldwin

Amendments
Note: The first ten Amendments were ratified December 15, 1791, and form what is known as the Bill of
Rights.

Amendment 1
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of
the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of
grievances.

Amendment 2
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the
people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment 3
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the
owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment 4
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects,
against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall
issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly
describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment 5
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on
a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval
forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall
any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb;
nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be
deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private
property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment 6
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial,
by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been
committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be
informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the
witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor,
and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Amendment 7
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the
common law.

Amendment 8
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
punishments inflicted.

Amendment 9
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or
disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment 10
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it
to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Amendment 11
(Ratified February 7, 1795)
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in
law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of
another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.

Amendment 12
(Ratified July 27, 1804)
The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and
Vice‐President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with
themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in
distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice‐President, and they shall make distinct lists
of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice‐President, and
of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit
sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of
the Senate;‐‐The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House
of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;‐‐the
person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such
number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have
such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three
on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose
immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be
taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this
purpose shall consist of a member or members from two‐thirds of the states, and a
majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of
Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve
upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice‐President shall
act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the
President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice‐President, shall be
the Vice‐President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors
appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the
list, the Senate shall choose the Vice‐President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist
of two‐thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number

shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of
President shall be eligible to that of Vice‐President of the United States.

Amendment 13
(Ratified December 6, 1865)

Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place
subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 14
(Ratified July 9, 1868)

Section 1.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction
thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state
shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or
property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the
equal protection of the laws.

Section 2.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their
respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding
Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors
for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the
executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof, is
denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being twenty‐one years of age, and
citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in
rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the

proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of
male citizens twenty‐one years of age in such state.

Section 3.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and
Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any
state, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of
the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial
officer of any state, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged
in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies
thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two‐thirds of each House, remove such
disability.

Section 4.
The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts
incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection
or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any state shall
assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against
the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such
debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5.
The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of
this article.

Amendment 15
(Ratified February 3, 1870)

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of
servitude.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 16
(Ratified February 3, 1913)
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever
source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to
any census or enumeration.

Amendment 17
(Ratified April 8, 1913)
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state,
elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The
electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most
numerous branch of the state legislatures.
When vacancies happen in the representation of any state in the Senate, the executive
authority of such state shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, that
the legislature of any state may empower the executive thereof to make temporary
appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any
Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

Amendment 18
(Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed December 5, 1933 by Amendment 21)

Section 1.
After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or
transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the
exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction
thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

Section 2.
The Congress and the several states shall have concurrent power to enforce this article
by appropriate legislation.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to
the Constitution by the legislatures of the several states, as provided in the Constitution,
within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the
Congress.

Amendment 19
(Ratified August 18, 1920)
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
United States or by any state on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 20
(Ratified January 23, 1933)

Section 1.
The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of
January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of
January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been
ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at
noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 3.
If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect
shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not
have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President
elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until
a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case
wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified,
declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall

be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President
shall have qualified.

Section 4.
The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from
whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of
choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the
persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of
choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5.
Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of
this article.

Section 6.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to
the Constitution by the legislatures of three‐fourths of the several states within seven
years from the date of its submission.

Amendment 21
(Ratified December 5, 1933)

Section 1.
The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby
repealed.

Section 2.
The transportation or importation into any state, territory, or possession of the United
States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof,
is hereby prohibited.

Section 3.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to
the Constitution by conventions in the several states, as provided in the Constitution,
within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the
Congress.

Amendment 22
(Ratified February 27, 1951)

Section 1.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person
who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a
term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of
the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the
office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not
prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President,
during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of
President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Section 2.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to
the Constitution by the legislatures of three‐fourths of the several states within seven
years from the date of its submission to the states by the Congress.

Amendment 23
(Ratified March 29, 1961)

Section 1.
The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in
such manner as the Congress may direct:
A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of
Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it
were a state, but in no event more than the least populous state; they shall be in
addition to those appointed by the states, but they shall be considered, for the purposes
of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a state; and
they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article
of amendment.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 24
(Ratified January 23, 1964)

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for
President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator
or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or
any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 25
(Ratified February 10, 1967)

Section 1.
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the
Vice President shall become President.

Section 2.
Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall
nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of
both Houses of Congress.

Section 3.
Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the
Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to
discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written
declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice
President as Acting President.

Section 4.
Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the
executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit
to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of

Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the
powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers
and duties of the office as Acting President.
Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate
and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability
exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and
a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other
body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro
tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written
declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office.
Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty‐eight hours for that
purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty‐one days after receipt of the
latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty‐one days after
Congress is required to assemble, determines by two‐thirds vote of both Houses that
the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice
President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the
President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

Amendment 26
(Ratified July 1, 1971)

Section 1.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are 18 years of age or older, to vote, shall
not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of age.

Section 2.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 27
(Ratified May 7, 1992)
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives,
shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
For more information on the Constitution and the Charters of Freedom, see
http://archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
History of Agency Organizational Changes
Federal Agencies Terminated, Transferred, or Changed in Name Subsequent to March 4, 1933
NOTE: Italicized terms indicate obsolete agencies, organizations, and programs. Refer to the name of the obsolete
entity in this index for more explanation. Some dates prior to March 4, 1933 are included to provide additional
information. Entries are indexed using the most significant term in their titles, or when there is more than one
significant term, the entry uses the first significant term. Thus, Bureau of the Budget is found at Budget, Bureau of
the, and Annual Assay Commission is found at Assay Commission, Annual.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y
A
Accounting Office, General
Established by act of June 10, 1921 (42 Stat. 20). Renamed Government Accountability Office by act of
July 7, 2004 (118 Stat. 814).
ACTION
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1971 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 1, 1971. Reorganized by act of Oct.
1, 1973 (87 Stat. 405). Functions relating to SCORE and ACT programs transferred to Small Business
Administration by EO 11871 of July 18, 1975 (40 FR 30915). Functions exercised by the Director of ACTION
prior to Mar. 31, 1995, transferred to the Corporation for National and Community Service (107 Stat. 888
and Proclamation 6662 of Apr. 4, 1994 (57 FR 16507)).
Acts of Congress See State, Department of
Administrative Conference of the United States
Established by act of Aug. 30, 1964 (78 Stat. 615). Terminated by act of Nov. 19, 1995 (109 Stat. 480).
Reauthorized in 2004, 2008, and 2009 by acts of Oct. 30, 2004 (118 Stat. 2255), July 30, 2008 (122 Stat.
2914), and March 11, 2009 (123 Stat. 656). Reestablished by Congress on Mar. 3, 2010 upon confirmation
of chairman.
Advanced Research Projects Agency See Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Advisory Board. See other part of title
Advisory Committee. See other part of title
Advisory Council. See other part of title
Aeronautical Board
Organized in 1916 by agreement of War and Navy Secretaries. Placed under supervision of President by
military order of July 5, 1939. Dissolved by Secretary of Defense letter of July 27, 1948, and functions
transferred to Munitions Board and Research and Development Board. Military order of July 5, 1939,
revoked by military order of Oct. 18, 1948.

Aeronautics, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Navy by act of July 12, 1921 (42 Stat. 140). Abolished by act of Aug.
18, 1959 (73 Stat. 395) and functions transferred to Bureau of Naval Weapons.
Aeronautics, National Advisory Committee for
Established by act of Mar. 3, 1915 (38 Stat. 930). Terminated by act of July 29, 1958 (72 Stat. 432), and
functions transferred to National Aeronautics and Space Administration, established by same act.
Aeronautics Administration, Civil See Aeronautics Authority, Civil
Aeronautics Authority, Civil
Established under act of June 23, 1938 (52 Stat. 973). Renamed Civil Aeronautics Board and Administrator
transferred to the Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan Nos. III and IV of 1940, effective June 30,
1940. Office of Administrator designated Civil Aeronautics Administration by Department Order 52 of Aug.
29, 1940. Administration transferred to Federal Aviation Agency by act of Aug. 23, 1958 (72 Stat. 810).
Functions of Board under act of Aug. 23, 1958 (72 Stat. 775), transferred to National Transportation Safety
Board by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931). Functions of Board terminated or transferred— effective in
part Dec. 31, 1981; in part Jan. 1, 1983; and in part Jan. 1, 1985—by act of Aug. 23, 1958 (92 Stat. 1744).
Most remaining functions transferred to Secretary of Transportation, remainder to U.S. Postal Service.
Termination of Board finalized by act of Oct. 4, 1984 (98 Stat. 1703).
Aeronautics Board, Civil See Aeronautics Authority, Civil
Aeronautics Branch
Established in the Department of Commerce to carry out provisions of act of May 20, 1926 (44 Stat. 568).
Renamed Bureau of Air Commerce by Secretary’s administrative order of July 1, 1934. Personnel and
property transferred to Civil Aeronautics Authority by EO 7959 of Aug. 22, 1938.
Aeronautics and Space Council, National
Established by act of July 29, 1958 (72 Stat. 427). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1973, effective June
30, 1973.
Aging, Administration on
Established by Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on Oct. 1, 1965, to carry out provisions of act
of July 14, 1965 (79 Stat. 218). Reassigned to Social and Rehabilitation Service by Department
reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967. Transferred to Office of Assistant Secretary for Human Development by
Secretary’s order of June 15, 1973. Transferred to the Office of the Secretary of Health and Human
Services by Secretary’s reorganization notice dated Apr. 15, 1991. Transferred to the Administration for
Community Living by Department’s notice of April 18, 2012 (77 FR 23250).
Aging, Federal Council on
Established by Presidential memorandum of Apr. 2, 1956. Reconstituted at Federal level by Presidential
letter of Mar. 7, 1959, to Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Abolished by EO 11022 of May 15,
1962, which established President’s Council on Aging.
Aging, Office of
Established by Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare June 2, 1955, as Special Staff on Aging.
Terminated Sept. 30, 1965, and functions assumed by Administration on Aging.
Aging, President’s Council on
Established by EO 11022 of May 14, 1962. Terminated by EO 11022, which was revoked by EO 12379 of
Aug. 17, 1982.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Established by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 31). Consolidated into Agricultural Conservation and
Adjustment Administration as Agricultural Adjustment Agency, Department of Agriculture, by EO 9069 of

Feb. 23, 1942. Grouped with other agencies to form Food Production Administration by EO 9280 of Dec. 5,
1942. Transferred to War Food Administration by EO 9322 of Mar. 26, 1943. Administration terminated by
EO 9577 of June 29, 1945, and functions transferred to Secretary of Agriculture. Transfer made
permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946. Functions of Agricultural Adjustment
Agency consolidated with Production and Marketing Administration by Secretary’s Memorandum 1118 of
Aug. 18, 1945.
Agricultural Adjustment Agency See Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Agricultural Advisory Commission, National
Established by EO 10472 of July 20, 1953. Terminated Feb. 4, 1965, on resignation of members.
Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, Bureau of See Agricultural Engineering, Bureau of
Agricultural Conservation and Adjustment Administration
Established by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, consolidating Agricultural Adjustment Agency, Sugar Agency,
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, and Soil Conservation Service. Consolidated into Food Production
Administration by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942.
Agricultural Conservation Program Service
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Jan. 21, 1953, from part of Production and Marketing
Administration. Merged with Commodity Stabilization Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1446, supp. 2,
of Apr. 19, 1961.
Agricultural Developmental Service, International
Established by Secretary of Agriculture memorandum of July 12, 1963. Functions and delegations of
authority transferred to Foreign Agricultural Service by Secretary’s memorandum of Mar. 28, 1969.
Functions transferred by Secretary to Foreign Economic Development Service Nov. 8, 1969.
Agricultural Economics, Bureau of
Established by act of May 11, 1931 (42 Stat. 532). Functions transferred to other units of the Department
of Agriculture, including Consumer and Marketing Service and Agricultural Research Service, under
Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Agricultural Engineering, Bureau of
Established by act of Feb. 23, 1931 (46 Stat. 1266). Merged with Bureau of Chemistry and Soils by
Secretarial order of Oct. 16, 1938, to form Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering.
Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, Bureau of
Bureau of Chemistry and Bureau of Soils, created in 1901, combined into Bureau of Chemistry and Soils by
act of Jan. 18, 1927 (44 Stat. 976). Soils units transferred to other agencies of the Department of
Agriculture and remaining units of Bureau of Chemistry and Soils and Bureau of Agricultural Engineering
consolidated with Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering by Secretary’s order of Oct. 16, 1938.
In February 1943 agricultural engineering research made part of Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and
Agricultural Engineering, and organization for continuing agricultural chemistry research relating to crop
utilization named Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, in accordance with Research
Administration Memorandum 5 issued pursuant to EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, and in conformity with
Secretary’s Memorandums 960 and 986. Functions transferred to Agricultural Research Service under
Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Agricultural Library, National
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1496 of Mar. 23, 1962. Consolidated into Science
and Education Administration by Secretary’s order of Jan. 24, 1978. Reestablished as National Agricultural
Library by Secretary’s order of June 16, 1981. Became part of Agricultural Research Service in 1994 under
Department of Agriculture reorganization.

Agricultural Marketing Administration
Established by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, consolidating Surplus Marketing Administration, Agricultural
Marketing Service, and Commodity Exchange Administration. Division of Consumers’ Counsel transferred
to Administration by Secretary’s memorandum of Feb. 28, 1942. Consolidated into Food Distribution
Administration in the Department of Agriculture by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942.
Agricultural Marketing Service
Established by the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to act of June 30, 1939 (53 Stat. 939). Merged into
Agricultural Marketing Administration by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942. Renamed Consumer and Marketing
Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1567, supp. 1, of Feb. 8, 1965. Reestablished as Agricultural
Marketing Service by the Secretary of Agriculture on Apr. 2, 1972, under authority of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of
1953 (67 Stat. 633).
Agricultural Relations, Office of Foreign See Agricultural Service, Foreign
Agricultural Research Administration
Established by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942. Superseded by Agricultural Research Service.
Agricultural Research Service
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953. Consolidated into
Science and Education Administration by Secretary’s order of Jan. 24, 1978. Reestablished as Agricultural
Research Service by Secretarial order of June 16, 1981.
Agricultural Service, Foreign
Established by act of June 5, 1930 (46 Stat. 497). Economic research and agricultural attache´ activities
administered by Foreign Agricultural Service Division, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, until June 29,
1939. Transferred by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, from the Department of Agriculture
to the Department of State. Economic research functions of Division transferred to Office of Foreign
Agricultural Relations June 30, 1939. Functions of Office transferred to Foreign Agricultural Service Mar.
10, 1953. Agricultural attache´s placed in the Department of Agriculture by act of Aug. 28, 1954 (68 Stat.
908).
Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Established June 5, 1961, by the Secretary of Agriculture under authority of revised statutes (5
U.S.C. 301) and Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.). Abolished and functions assumed by the Farm
Service Agency by Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994 (59 FR 60297, 60299).
Agricultural Statistics Division
Transferred to Bureau of Agricultural Economics by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942.
Agriculture, Division of See Farm Products, Division of
Air Commerce, Bureau of See Aeronautics Branch
Air Coordinating Committee
Established Mar. 27, 1945, by interdepartmental memorandum; formally established by EO 9781 of Sept.
19, 1946. Terminated by EO 10883 of Aug. 11, 1960, and functions transferred for liquidation to Federal
Aviation Agency.
Air Force, National Commission on the Structure of the
Established by act of January 2, 2013 (126 Stat. 1703). Terminated 90 days after submission of final report
to President on May 1, 2014.
Air Force Management Engineering Agency
Established in 1975 in Air Force as separate operating unit. Made subordinate unit of Air Force Military

Personnel Center (formerly Air Force Manpower and Personnel Center) in 1978. Reestablished as separate
operating unit of Air Force, effective Mar. 1, 1985, by Secretarial order.
Air Force Manpower and Personnel Center
Certain functions transferred on activation of Air Force Management Engineering Agency, which was
made separate operating unit from Air Force Manpower and Personnel Center (later Air Force Military
Personnel Center) in April 1985 by general order of Chief of Staff.
Air Force Medical Service Center
Renamed Air Force Office of Medical Support by Program Action Directive 85–1 of Mar. 6, 1985, approved
by Air Force Vice Chief of Staff.
Air Mail, Bureau of
Established in Interstate Commerce Commission to carry out provisions of act of June 12, 1934 (48 Stat.
933). Personnel and property transferred to Civil Aeronautics Authority by EO 7959 of Aug. 22, 1938.
Air Patrol, Civil
Established in Civilian Defense Office by Administrative Order 9 of Dec. 8, 1941. Transferred to
Department of War as auxiliary of Army Air Forces by EO 9339 of Apr. 29, 1943. Transferred to the
Department of the Air Force by Secretary of Defense order of May 21, 1948. Established as civilian
auxiliary of U.S. Air Force by act of May 26, 1948 (62 Stat. 274).
Air Safety Board
Established by act of June 23, 1938 (52 Stat. 973). Functions transferred to Civil Aeronautics Board by
Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Airways Modernization Board
Established by act of Aug. 14, 1957 (71 Stat. 349). Transferred to Federal Aviation Agency by EO 10786 of
Nov. 1, 1958.
Alaska, Board of Road Commissioners for
Established in Department of War by act of Jan. 27, 1905 (33 Stat. 616). Functions transferred to the
Department of Interior by act of June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 446), and delegated to Alaska Road Commission.
Functions transferred to the Department of Commerce by act of June 29, 1956 (70 Stat. 377), and
terminated by act of June 25, 1959 (73 Stat. 145).
Alaska, Federal Field Committee for Development Planning in
Established by EO 11182 of Oct. 2, 1964. Abolished by EO 11608 of July 19, 1971.
Alaska, Federal Reconstruction and Development Planning Commission for
Established by EO 11150 of Apr. 2, 1964. Abolished by EO 11182 of Oct. 2, 1964, which established
President’s Review Committee for Development Planning in Alaska and Federal Field Committee for
Development Planning in Alaska.
Alaska, President’s Review Committee for Development Planning in
Established by EO 11182 of Oct. 2, 1964. Superseded by Federal Advisory Council on Regional Economic
Development established by EO 11386 of Dec. 28, 1967. EO 11386 revoked by EO 12553 f Feb. 25, 1986.
Alaska Communication System
Operational responsibility vested in Secretary of the Army by act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stat. 206).
Transferred to Secretary of the Air Force by Secretary of Defense reorganization order of May 24, 1962.
Alaska Engineering Commission See Alaska Railroad

Alaska Game Commission
Established by act of Jan. 13, 1925 (43 Stat. 740). Expired Dec. 31, 1959, pursuant to act of July 7, 1958 (72
Stat. 339).
Alaska International Rail and Highway Commission
Established by act of Aug. 1, 1956 (70 Stat. 888). Terminated June 30, 1961, under terms of act.
Alaska Natural Gas Transportation System, Office of Federal Inspector of Construction for the
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1979 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 1, 1979. Abolished by act of Oct. 24,
1992 (106 Stat. 3128) and functions and authority vested in the Inspector transferred to the Secretary of
Energy. Functions vested in the Secretary of Energy transferred to the Federal Coordinator, Office of the
Federal Coordinator for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects by act of Oct. 13, 2004 (118 Stat.
1261).
Alaska Power Administration
Established by the Secretary of the Interior in 1967. Transferred to the Department of Energy by act of
Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578).
Alaska Railroad
Built pursuant to act of Mar. 12, 1914 (38 Stat. 305), which created Alaska Engineering Commission.
Placed under the Secretary of the Interior by EO 2129 of Jan. 26, 1915, and renamed Alaska Railroad by
EO 3861 of June 8, 1923. Authority to regulate tariffs granted to Interstate Commerce Commission by EO
11107 of Apr. 25, 1963. Authority to operate Railroad transferred to the Secretary of Transportation by
act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 941), effective Apr. 1, 1967. Railroad purchased by State of Alaska, effective
Jan. 5, 1985.
Alaska Road Commission See Alaska, Board of Road Commissioners for
Alcohol, Bureau of Industrial
Established by act of May 27, 1930 (46 Stat. 427). Consolidated into Bureau of Internal Revenue by EO
6166 of June 10, 1933. Consolidation deferred until May 11, 1934, by EO 6639 of Mar. 10, 1934. Order
also transferred to Internal Revenue Commissioner certain functions imposed on Attorney General by act
of May 27, 1930, with relation to enforcement of criminal laws concerning intoxicating liquors remaining
in effect after repeal of 18th amendment; personnel of, and appropriations for, Bureau of Industrial
Alcohol; and necessary personnel and appropriations of Bureau of Prohibition, Department of Justice.
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration
Established by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare by act of May 21, 1972 (88 Stat. 134).
Redesignated as an agency of the Public Health Service from the National Institute of Mental Health Sept.
25, 1973, by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Functions transferred to the Department of
Health and Human Services by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 695). Established as an agency of the Public
Health Service by act of Oct. 27, 1986 (100 Stat. 3207– 106). Renamed Substance Abuse and Mental
Health Services Administration by act of July 10, 1992 (106 Stat. 325).
Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute on
Established within the National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
by act of Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1848). Removed from within the National Institute of Mental Health and
made an entity within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration by act of May 14, 1974
(88 Stat. 1356). Functions transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services by act of Oct. 17,
1979 (93 Stat. 695). (See also act of Oct. 27, 1986; 100 Stat. 3207–106.) Abolished by act of July 10, 1992
(106 Stat. 331). Reestablished by act of July 10, 1992 (106 Stat. 359).
Alcohol Administration, Federal See Alcohol Control Administration, Federal

Alcohol Control Administration, Federal
Established by EO 6474 of Dec. 4, 1933. Abolished Sept. 24, 1935, on induction into office of
Administrator, Federal Alcohol Administration, as provided in act of Aug. 29, 1935 (49 Stat. 977).
Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, and functions consolidated with activities
of Internal Revenue Service.
Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Bureau of
Established within Treasury Department by Treasury Order No. 221, eff. July 1, 1972. Transferred to
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives in Justice Department by act of Nov. 25, 2002,
except some authorities, functions, personnel, and assets relating to administration and enforcement of
certain provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and title 27 of the U.S. Code (116 Stat. 2275).
Alexander Hamilton Bicentennial Commission
Established by act of Aug. 20, 1954 (68 Stat. 746). Terminated Apr. 30, 1958.
Alien Property Custodian
Appointed by President Oct. 22, 1917, under authority of act of Oct. 6, 1917 (40 Stat. 415). Office
transferred to Alien Property Division, Department of Justice, by EO 6694 of May 1, 1934. Powers vested
in President by act delegated to Attorney General by EO 8136 of May 15, 1939. Authority vested in
Attorney General by EO’s 6694 and 8136 transferred by EO 9142 of Apr. 21, 1942, to Office of Alien
Property Custodian, Office for Emergency Management, as provided for by EO 9095 of Mar. 11, 1942.
American Forces Information Service
Established by Secretary of Defense Directive 5122.10 of March 13, 1989. Dissolved by Secretary’s
Directive 5105.74 of Dec. 18, 2007 and functions transferred to Defense Media Activity effective Oct. 1,
2008.
American Republics, Office for Coordination of Commercial and Cultural Relations between the
Established by Council of National Defense order approved by President Aug. 16, 1940. Succeeded by
Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, Office for Emergency Management, established by EO
8840 of July 30, 1941. Renamed Office of Inter-American Affairs by EO 9532 of Mar. 23, 1945. Information
functions transferred to the Department of State by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945. Terminated by EO 9710 of
Apr. 10, 1946, and functions transferred to the Department of State, functioning as Institute of InterAmerican Affairs. Transferred to Foreign Operations Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 7, effective Aug. 1,
1953.
American Revolution Bicentennial Administration See American Revolution Bicentennial Commission
American Revolution Bicentennial Commission
Established by act of July 4, 1966 (80 Stat. 259). American Revolution Bicentennial Administration
established by act of Dec. 11, 1973 (87 Stat. 697), to replace Commission. Administration terminated June
30, 1977, pursuant to terms of act. Certain continuing functions transferred to the Secretary of the
Interior by EO 12001 of June 29, 1977.
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum
Renamed Anacostia Museum by Smithsonian Institution announcement of Apr. 3, 1987.
Animal Industry, Bureau of
Established in the Department of Agriculture by act of May 29, 1884 (23 Stat. 31). Functions transferred to
Agricultural Research Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Apprenticeship, Federal Committee on
Previously known as Federal Committee on Apprentice Training, established by EO 6750–C of June 27,
1934. Functioned as part of Division of Labor Standards, Department of Labor, pursuant to act of Aug. 16,
1937 (50 Stat. 664). Transferred to Office of Administrator, Federal Security Agency, by EO 9139 of Apr.
18, 1942. Transferred to Bureau of Training, War Manpower Commission, by EO 9247 of Sept. 17, 1942.

Returned to the Department of Labor by EO 9617 of Sept. 19, 1945.
Archive of Folksong
Renamed Archive of Folk Culture by administrative order of Deputy Librarian of Congress, effective Sept.
21, 1981.
Archives Council, National
Established by act of June 19, 1934 (48 Stat. 1122). Transferred to General Services Administration by act
of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 378). Terminated on establishment of Federal Records Council by act of Sept. 5,
1950 (64 Stat. 583).
Archives Establishment, National
Office of Archivist of the U.S. and National Archives created by act of June 19, 1934 (48 Stat. 1122).
Transferred to General Services Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 381), and incorporated as
National Archives and Records Service by order of General Services Administrator, together with functions
of Division of the Federal Register, National Archives Council, National Historical Publications Commission,
National Archives Trust Fund Board, Trustees of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, and Administrative
Committee of the Federal Register. Transferred from General Services Administration to National Archives
and Records Administration by act of Oct. 19, 1984 (98 Stat. 2283), along with certain functions of
Administrator of General Services transferred to Archivist of the United States, effective Apr. 1, 1985.
Archives and Records Service, National See Archives Establishment, National
Archives Trust Fund Board, National See Archives Establishment, National
Area Redevelopment Administration
Established May 8, 1961, by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to act of May 1, 1961 (75 Stat. 47) and
Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950. Terminated Aug. 31, 1965, by act of June 30, 1965 (79
Stat. 195). Functions transferred to Economic Development Administration in the Department of
Commerce by Department Order 4–A, effective Sept. 1, 1965.
Arlington Memorial Amphitheater Commission
Established by act of Mar. 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1440). Abolished by act of Sept. 2, 1960 (74 Stat. 739), and
functions transferred to the Secretary of Defense.
Arlington Memorial Bridge Commission
Established by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 885; D.C. Code (1951 ed.) 8–158). Abolished by EO 6166 of
June 10, 1933, and functions transferred to Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations.
Armed Forces, U.S. Court of Appeals for the See Military Appeals, United States Court of
Armed Forces, Industrial College of the
Established by Department of War memorandum of April 11, 1946. Renamed Dwight D. Eisenhower
School for National Security and Resource Strategy by act of Dec. 31, 2011 (125 Stat. 1701).
Armed Forces Medical Library
Founded in 1836 as Library of the Surgeon General’s Office, U.S. Army. Later known as Army Medical
Library, then Armed Forces Medical Library in 1952. Personnel and property transferred to National
Library of Medicine established in Public Health Service by act of Aug. 3, 1956 (70 Stat. 960).
Armed Forces Museum Advisory Board, National
Established by act of Aug. 30, 1961 (75 Stat. 414). Functions discontinued due to lack of funding.
Armed Forces Staff College
Renamed Joint Forces Staff College by act of Oct. 30, 2000 (144 Stat. 165A–230).

Armed Services Renegotiation Board
Established by Secretary of Defense directive of July 19, 1948. Abolished by Secretary’s letter of Jan. 18,
1952, and functions transferred to Renegotiation Board.
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, U.S.
Established by act of Sept. 26, 1961 (75 Stat. 631). Abolished by act of Oct. 21, 1998 (112 Stat. 2681– 767)
and functions transferred to the Secretary of State.
Army Communications Command, U.S.
Renamed U.S. Army Information Systems Command by Department General Order No. 26 of July 25,
1984.
Army Industrial College
Established in Department of War by General Order No. 7 of February 25, 1924. Renamed The Industrial
College of the Armed Forces by Department of War memorandum of April 11, 1946.
Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command, U.S.
Renamed U.S. Army Materiel Command by Department General Order No. 28 of Aug. 15, 1984.
Army and Navy, Joint Board
Placed under direction of President by military order of July 5, 1939. Abolished Sept. 1, 1947, by joint
letter of Aug. 20, 1947, to President from Secretaries of War and Navy.
Army and Navy Staff College
Established Apr. 23, 1943, and operated under Joint Chiefs of Staff. Redesignated the National War
College, effective July 1, 1946.
Army Specialist Corps
Established in Department of War by EO 9078 of Feb. 26, 1942. Abolished by the Secretary of War Oct. 31,
1942, and functions merged into central Officer Procurement Service.
Arts, National Collection of Fine
Established within Smithsonian Institution by act of Mar. 24, 1937 (50 Stat. 51). Renamed National
Museum of American Art in Smithsonian Institution by act of Oct. 13, 1980 (94 Stat. 1884).
Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of See Arthritis, Metabolism, and
Digestive Diseases, National Institute of
Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases, National Institute of
Renamed National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases by Secretary’s order
of June 15, 1981, pursuant to act of Dec. 19, 1980 (94 Stat. 3184). Renamed National Institute of Diabetes
and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin
Diseases by act of Nov. 20, 1985 (99 Stat. 820).
Arts, Advisory Committee on the
Established under authority of act of Sept. 20, 1961 (75 Stat. 527). Terminated July 1973 by act of Oct. 6,
1972. Formally abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, effective Apr. 1, 1978.
Arts, National Council on the
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of Sept. 3, 1964 (78 Stat. 905). Transferred to
National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities by act of Sept. 29, 1965 (79 Stat. 845).
Assay Commission, Annual
Established initially by act of Apr. 2, 1792 (1 Stat. 250) and by act of Feb. 12, 1873 (Revised Statute sec.
3647; 17 Stat. 432). Terminated and functions transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury by act of Mar.
14, 1980 (94 Stat. 98).

Assistance, Bureau of Public
Renamed Bureau of Family Services by order of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, effective
Jan. 1, 1962. Functions redelegated to Social and Rehabilitation Service by Secretary’s reorganization of
Aug. 15, 1967.
Assistance Coordinating Committee, Adjustment
Established by act of Jan. 3, 1975 (88 Stat. 2040). Inactive since 1981.
Assistance Payments Administration Established by
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967. Transferred by Secretary’s
reorganization of Mar. 8, 1977 (42 FR 13262), from Social and Rehabilitation Service to Social Security
Administration.
Athletics, Interagency Committee on International
Established by EO 11117 of Aug. 13, 1963. Terminated by EO 11515 of Mar. 13, 1970.
Atlantic-Pacific Interoceanic Canal Study Commission
Established by act of Sept. 22, 1964 (78 Stat. 990). Terminated Dec. 1, 1970, pursuant to terms of act.
Atomic Energy Commission
Established by act of Aug. 1, 1946 (60 Stat. 755). Abolished by act of Oct. 11, 1974 (88 Stat. 1237) and
functions transferred to Energy Research and Development Administration and Nuclear Regulatory
Commission.
Aviation, Interdepartmental Committee on Civil International
Established by Presidential letter of June 20, 1935. Terminated on organization of Civil Aeronautics
Authority.
Aviation Agency, Federal
Established by act of Aug. 23, 1958 (72 Stat. 731). Transferred to Secretary of Transportation by act of Oct.
15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931). Agency reestablished as Federal Aviation Administration by act of Jan 12, 1983 (96
Stat. 2416).
Aviation Commission, Federal
Established by act of June 12, 1934 (48 Stat. 938). Terminated Feb. 1, 1935 under provisions of act.
Aviation Consumer Protection, Advisory Committee for
Established by act of Feb. 14, 2012 (126 Stat. 88). Terminated Sept. 30, 2015 under provisions of act.

B

TOP OF PAGE

Beltsville Research Center
Established to operate with other agencies of the Department of Agriculture under Agricultural Research
Administration. Consolidated into Agricultural Research Administration, the Department of Agriculture, by
EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942.
Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs, Office of
Renamed Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for
Limited English Proficient Students by act of Jan. 8, 2002 (115 Stat. 2089).
Biobased Products and Bioenergy, Advisory Committee on
Established by EO 13134 of June 3, 1999. Abolished by EO 13423 of Jan. 24, 2007.

Biobased Products and Bioenergy, Interagency Council on
Established by EO 13134 of June 3, 1999. Abolished by EO 13423 of Jan. 24, 2007.
Biobased Products and Bioenergy Coordination Office, National
Established by EO 13134 of June 3, 1999. Abolished by EO 13423 of Jan. 24, 2007.
Biological Service, National
Established in the Department of the Interior in 1995 by Secretarial order. Transferred to U.S. Geological
Survey as new Biological Resources Division by Secretarial Order No. 3202, Sept. 30, 1996.
Biological Survey, Bureau of
Established by Secretary’s order July 1, 1885, as part of Division of Entomology, Department of
Agriculture. Made separate bureau by act of Apr. 23, 1904 (33 Stat. 276). Transferred to the Department
of the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Consolidated with Bureau of Fisheries
into Fish and Wildlife Service by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Biological Survey, National
Established in the Department of the Interior by Secretarial Order 3173 of Sept. 29, 1993. Renamed
National Biological Service by Secretarial order in 1995.
Blind, Inc., American Printing House for the
Established in 1858 as privately owned institution in Louisville, KY. Functions of the Secretary of the
Treasury, except that relating to perpetual trust funds, transferred to Federal Security Agency by Reorg.
Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions performed by Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare transferred to the Department of Education.
Blind-made Products, Committee on Purchases of
Established by act of June 25, 1938 (52 Stat. 1196). Renamed Committee for Purchase of Products and
Services of the Blind and Other Severely Handicapped by act of June 23, 1971 (85 Stat. 77). Renamed
Committee for Purchase from the Blind and Other Severely Handicapped by act of July 25, 1974 (88 Stat.
392). Renamed Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled by act of Oct.
29, 1992 (106 Stat. 4486).
Blind and Other Severely Handicapped, Committee for Purchase of Products and Services of the See Blind-made
Products, Committee on Purchases of
Board. See other part of title
Bond and Spirits Division
Established as Taxes and Penalties Unit, as announced by Assistant to Attorney General in departmental
circular of May 25, 1934, pursuant to EO 6639 of May 10, 1934. Abolished by administrative order of
October 1942, and functions transferred to Tax, Claims, and Criminal Divisions, Department of Justice.
Bonneville Power Administration
Established by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to act of Aug. 20, 1937 (50 Stat. 731). Transferred to
the Department of Energy by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578).
Boston National Historic Sites Commission
Established by joint resolution of June 16, 1955 (69 Stat. 137). Terminated June 16, 1960, by act of Feb.
19, 1957 (71 Stat. 4).
Brazil-U.S. Defense Commission, Joint
Established in May 1942 by agreement between the U.S. and Brazil. Terminated in September 1977 at
direction of Brazilian Government.

Broadcast Bureau
Merged with Cable Television Bureau to form Mass Media Bureau by Federal Communications
Commission order, effective Nov. 30, 1982.
Broadcast Intelligence Service, Foreign See Broadcast Monitoring Service, Foreign
Broadcast Monitoring Service, Foreign
Established in Federal Communications Commission by Presidential directive of Feb. 26, 1941. Renamed
Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service by FCC order of July 28, 1942. Transferred to Department of War by
Secretarial order of Dec. 30, 1945. Act of May 3, 1945 (59 Stat. 110), provided for liquidation 60 days after
Japanese armistice. Transferred to Central Intelligence Group Aug. 5, 1946, and renamed Foreign
Broadcast Information Service.
Budget, Bureau of the
Established by act of June 10, 1921 (42 Stat. 20), in the Department of the Treasury under immediate
direction of President. Transferred to Executive Office of the President by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939,
effective July 1, 1939. Reorganized by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, effective July 1, 1970, and renamed
Office of Management and Budget.
Buildings Administration, Public
Established as part of Federal Works Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Abolished
by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380), and functions transferred to General Services Administration.
Buildings Branch, Public
Organized in Procurement Division, established in the Department of the Treasury by EO 6166 of June 10,
1933. Consolidated with Branch of Buildings Management, National Park Service, to form Public Buildings
Administration, Federal Works Agency, under Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Buildings Commission, Public
Established by act of July 1, 1916 (39 Stat. 328). Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, and functions
transferred to Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Department of the Interior. Functions
transferred to Public Buildings Administration, Federal Works Agency, under Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939,
effective July 1, 1939.
Buildings Management, Branch of
Functions of National Park Service (except those relating to monuments and memorials) consolidated
with Public Buildings Branch, Procurement Division, Department of the Treasury, to form Public Buildings
Administration, Federal Works Agency, in accordance with Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Buildings and Public Parks of the National Capital, Office of Public
Established by act of Feb. 26, 1925 (43 Stat. 983), by consolidation of Office of Public Buildings and
Grounds under Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, and Office of Superintendent of State, War, and Navy
Department Buildings. Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, and functions transferred to Office of
National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Department of the Interior.
Bureau. See other part of title
Business, Cabinet Committee on Small
Established by Presidential letter of May 31, 1956. Dissolved January 1961.
Business Administration, Domestic and International See Business and Defense Services Administration
Business and Defense Services Administration
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Oct. 1, 1953, and operated under Department Organization

Order 40–1. Abolished by Department Organization Order 40–1A of Sept. 15, 1970, and functions
transferred to Bureau of Domestic Commerce. Functions transferred to Domestic and International
Business Administration, effective Nov. 17, 1972. Administration terminated by Secretary’s order of Dec.
4, 1977, and functions assumed by Industry and Trade Administration.
Business Economics, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Jan. 17, 1946. Renamed Office of Economic Analysis Dec. 1,
1953. Transferred to the Administration of Social and Economic Statistics along with Bureau of the Census
and renamed Bureau of Economic Analysis on Jan. 1, 1972.
Business Operations, Bureau of International
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Aug. 8, 1961, by Departmental Orders 173 and 174. Abolished
by Departmental Order 182 of Feb. 1, 1963, which established Bureau of International Commerce.
Functions transferred to Domestic and International Business Administration, effective Nov. 17, 1972.

C

TOP OF PAGE

Cable Television Bureau
Merged with Broadcast Bureau by Federal Communications Commission order to form Mass Media
Bureau, effective Nov. 30, 1982.
California Debris Commission
Established by act of Mar. 1, 1893 (27 Stat. 507). Abolished by act of Nov. 17, 1986 (100 Stat. 4229), and
functions transferred to the Secretary of the Interior.
Canal Zone Government
Established by act of Aug. 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 561). Abolished by act of Sept. 27, 1979 (93 Stat. 454).
Capital Housing Authority, National
Established by act of June 12, 1934 (48 Stat. 930). Made agency of District of Columbia government by act
of Dec. 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 779), effective July 1, 1974.
Capital Park Commission, National
Established by act of June 6, 1924 (43 Stat. 463). National Capital Park and Planning Commission named
successor by act of Apr. 30, 1926 (44 Stat. 374). Functions transferred to National Capital Planning
Commission by act of July 19, 1952 (66 Stat. 781).
Capital Park and Planning Commission, National See Capital Park Commission, National
Capital Regional Planning Council, National
Established by act of July 19, 1952 (66 Stat. 785). Terminated by Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1966, effective Sept.
8, 1966.
Capital Transportation Agency, National
Established by act of July 14, 1960 (74 Stat 537). Authorized to establish rapid rail transit system by act of
Sept. 8, 1965 (79 Stat. 663). Functions transferred to Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority by
EO 11373 of Sept. 20, 1967.
Career Executive Board
Established by EO 10758 of Mar. 4, 1958. Terminated July 1, 1959, and EO 10758 revoked by EO 10859 of
Feb. 5, 1960.
Caribbean Organization
Act of June 30, 1961 (75 Stat. 194), provided for acceptance by President of Agreement for the

Establishment of the Caribbean Organization, signed at Washington, June 21, 1960. Article III of
Agreement provided for termination of Caribbean Commission, authorized by Agreement signed Oct. 30,
1946, on first meeting of Caribbean Council, governing body of Organization. Terminated, effective Dec.
31, 1965, by resolution adopted by Council.
Cemeteries and Memorials in Europe, National
Supervision transferred from Department of War to American Battle Monuments Commission by EO 6614
of Feb. 26, 1934, which transfer was deferred to May 21, 1934, by EO 6690 of Apr. 25, 1934.
Cemeteries and Parks, National
Department of War functions regarding National Cemeteries and Parks located in continental U.S.
transferred to Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Department of the Interior, by EO
6166 of June 10, 1933.
Cemetery System, National
Established in the Veterans’ Administration by act of June 18, 1973 (87 Stat. 75). Redesignated as the
National Cemetery Administration by act of Nov. 11, 1998 (112 Stat. 3337).
Censorship, Office of
Established by EO 8985 of Dec. 19, 1941. Terminated by EO 9631 of Sept. 28, 1945.
Censorship Policy Board
Established by EO 8985 of Dec. 19, 1941. Terminated by EO 9631 of Sept. 28, 1945.
Census, Bureau of the See Census Office
Census Office
Established temporarily within the Department of the Interior in accordance with act of Mar. 3, 1899.
Established as a permanent office by act of Mar. 6, 1902. Transferred from the Department of the Interior
to Department of Commerce and Labor by act of Feb. 14, 1903. Remained in the Department of
Commerce under provisions of Reorganization Plan No. 5 of May 24, 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Center. See other part of title
Central. See other part of title
Chemistry and Soils, Bureau of See Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, Bureau of
Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies
Established in 1965 in Annapolis, MD, as part of Smithsonian Institution by Secretarial order. Merged with
Radiation Biology Laboratory by Secretarial Order July 1, 1983, to form Smithsonian Environmental
Research Center.
Chief Information Officers Council
Established by EO 13011 of July 16, 1996. Abolished by EO 13403 of May 12, 2006.
Chief People Officer, Office of the
Renamed Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer by administrative order 5440.597 of June 16, 2006.
Chief Strategic Officer, Office of the
Established by the Commissioner of Social Security Dec. 20, 2002. Abolished by Commissioner’s
memorandum of Jan. 14, 2008, and functions transferred to the Office of the Deputy Commissioner for
Budget, Finance, and Management.
Child Development, Office of See Children’s Bureau

Children’s Bureau
Established by act of Apr. 9, 1912 (37 Stat. 79). Placed in the Department of Labor by act of Mar. 4, 1913
(37 Stat. 737). Transferred, with exception of child labor functions, to Social Security Administration,
Federal Security Agency, by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946. Continued under
Administration when Agency functions assumed by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Reassigned to Welfare Administration by Department reorganization of Jan. 28, 1963. Reassigned to Social
and Rehabilitation Service by Department reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967. Reassigned to Office of Child
Development by Department reorganization order of Sept. 17, 1969.
Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of
Established by act of Oct. 17, 1962 (76 Stat. 1072). Renamed Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of
Child Health and Human Development by act of Dec. 21, 2007 (121 Stat. 1826).
China, U.S. Court for
Established by act of June 30, 1906 (34 Stat. 814). Transferred to the Department of Justice by EO 6166 of
June 10, 1933, effective Mar. 2, 1934. Act of June 30, 1906, repealed effective Sept. 1, 1948 (62 Stat. 992).
Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Commission
Established by act of Aug. 7, 1984 (98 Stat. 1257). Terminated pursuant to terms of act.
Civil defense. See Defense
Civil Rights, Commission on
Established by act of Sept. 9, 1957 (71 Stat. 634). Terminated in 1983 and reestablished by act of Nov. 30,
1983 (97 Stat. 1301). Renamed United States Commission on Civil Rights by act of Nov. 2, 1994 (108 Stat.
4683).
Civil Service Commission, U.S.
Established by act of Jan. 16, 1883 (22 Stat. 403). Redesignated as Merit Systems Protection Board and
functions transferred to Board and Office of Personnel Management by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1978,
effective Jan. 1, 1979.
Civil War Centennial Commission
Established by act of Sept. 7, 1957 (71 Stat. 626). Terminated May 1, 1966, pursuant to terms of act.
Civilian Conservation Corps
Established by act of June 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 319). Made part of Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan
No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Liquidation provided for by act of July 2, 1942 (56 Stat. 569), not later
than June 30, 1943.
Civilian Health and Medical Program of the United States, Office of
Established as field activity in the Department of Defense in 1974. Functions consolidated into the
TRICARE Management Activity in November 1997 by Defense Reform Initiative.
Civilian Production Administration
Established by EO 9638 of Oct. 4, 1945. Consolidated with other agencies to form Office of Temporary
Controls, Office for Emergency Management, by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946.
Civilian Service Awards Board, Distinguished
Established by EO 10717 of June 27, 1957. Terminated by EO 12014 of Oct. 19, 1977, and functions
transferred to U.S. Civil Service Commission.
Claims, U.S. Court of
Established Feb. 25, 1855 (10 Stat. 612). Abolished by act of Apr. 2, 1982 (96 Stat. 26) and trial jurisdiction
transferred to U.S. Claims Court and appellate functions merged with those of U.S. Court of Customs and

Patent Appeals to form U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. U.S. Claims Court renamed U.S.
Court of Federal Claims by act of Oct. 29, 1992 (106 Stat. 4516).
Claims Commission of the United States, International
Established in the Department of State by act of Mar. 10, 1950 (64 Stat. 12). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No.
1 of 1954, effective July 1, 1954, and functions transferred to Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of
the United States.
Claims Settlement Commission of the United States, Foreign
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1954, effective July 1, 1954. Transferred to the Department of Justice
by act of Mar. 14, 1980 (94 Stat. 96).
Clark Sesquicentennial Commission, George Rogers
Established by Public Resolution 51 (45 Stat. 723). Expenditures ordered administered by the Department
of the Interior by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933.
Classification Review Committee, Interagency
Established by EO 11652 of Mar. 8, 1972. Abolished by EO 12065 of June 28, 1978.
Clemency Board, Presidential
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 11803 of Sept. 16, 1974. Final recommendations
submitted to President Sept. 15, 1975, and Board terminated by EO 11878 of Sept. 10, 1975.
Coal Commission, National Bituminous
Established under authority of act of Aug. 30, 1935 (49 Stat. 992). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939,
effective July 1, 1939, and functions transferred to Bituminous Coal Division, Department of the Interior.
Coal Consumers’ Counsel, Office of the Bituminous
Established by act of Apr. 11, 1941 (55 Stat. 134), renewing provisions of act of Apr. 23, 1937 (50 Stat. 72)
for 2 years to continue functions of Consumers’ Counsel Division, Department of the Interior. Functions
continued by acts of Apr. 24, 1943 (57 Stat. 68), and May 21, 1943 (57 Stat. 82). Terminated Aug. 24,
1943.
Coal Division, Bituminous
Established July 1, 1939, by Secretary of the Interior Order 1394 of June 16, 1939, as amended by Order
1399, of July 5, 1939, pursuant to act of Apr. 3, 1939 (53 Stat. 562) and Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939,
effective July 1, 1939. Administered functions vested in National Bituminous Coal Commission by act of
Apr. 23, 1937 (50 Stat. 72). Act extended to Aug. 24, 1943, on which date it expired.
Coal Labor Board, Bituminous
Established by act of July 12, 1921 (42 Stat. 140). Abolished as result of U.S. Supreme Court decision, May
18, 1936, in case of Carter v. Carter Coal Company et al.
Coal Mine Safety Board of Review, Federal
Established by act of July 16, 1952 (66 Stat. 697). Inactive after Mar. 30, 1970, pursuant to act of Dec. 30,
1969 (83 Stat. 803).
Coal Mines Administration
Established by the Secretary of the Interior July 1, 1943. Abolished by Secretary’s Order 1977 of Aug. 16,
1944, as amended by Order 1982 of Aug. 31, 1944, and functions assumed by Solid Fuels Administration
for War. Administration reestablished in the Department of the Interior by EO 9728 of May 21, 1946.
Terminated June 30, 1947, by act of Mar. 27, 1942 (56 Stat. 176).
Coal Research, Office of
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of July 7, 1960 (74 Stat. 336). Functions transferred to
Energy Research and Development Administration by act of Oct. 11, 1974 (88 Stat. 1237).

Coalition Provisional Authority, Inspector General of the
Established by act of Nov. 6, 2003 (117 Stat. 1234). Renamed Special Inspector General for Iraq
Reconstruction by act of Oct. 28, 2004 (118 Stat. 2078.)
Coalition Provisional Authority, Office of the Inspector General of the
Established by act of Nov. 6, 2003 (117 Stat. 1234). Renamed Office of the Special Inspector General for
Iraq Reconstruction by act of Oct. 28, 2004 (118 Stat. 2078).
Coast and Geodetic Survey See Coast Survey
Coast Guard, U.S.
Established by act of Jan. 28, 1915 (38 Stat. 800) as a military service and branch of the U.S. Armed Forces
at all times and as a service in Treasury Department, except when operating as a service in the Navy.
Transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of the Navy by EO 8929 of Nov. 1,
1941. Returned to the Department of the Treasury by EO 9666 of Dec. 28, 1945. Transferred to the
Department of Transportation by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931). Transferred to Homeland Security
Department by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2249) with related authorities and functions of the
Secretary of Transportation.
Coast Survey
Established by act of Feb. 10, 1807 (2 Stat. 413). Redesignated as Coast and Geodetic Survey by act of June
20, 1878 (20 Stat. 206). Transferred to Environmental Science Services Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 2
of 1965, effective July 13, 1965.
Codification Board
Established by act of June 19, 1937 (50 Stat. 304). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1,
1939, and functions transferred to Division of the Federal Register.
Coinage, Joint Commission on the
Established by act of July 23, 1965 (79 Stat. 258). Expired Jan. 4, 1975, pursuant to act of Oct. 6, 1972 (88
Stat. 776).
Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind
Established by act of Feb. 16, 1857 (11 Stat. 161). Renamed Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the
Deaf and Dumb by act of Feb. 23, 1865 (13 Stat. 436). Renamed Columbia Institution for the Deaf by act of
Mar. 4, 1911 (36 Stat. 1422). Renamed Gallaudet College by act of June 18, 1954 (68 Stat. 265). Functions
of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare transferred to the Department of Education by act
of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 695). Renamed Gallaudet University by act of Aug. 4, 1986 (100 Stat. 781).
Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, and Chief of Naval Operations
Duties of two positions prescribed by EO 8984 of Dec. 18, 1941. Combined under one officer by EO 9096
of Mar. 12, 1942.
Commerce, Bureau of Domestic See Business and Defense Services Administration
Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Oct. 12, 1953, by Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1950, effective May 24,
1950. Abolished by department order of Aug. 7, 1961, and functions vested in Bureau of International
Programs and Bureau of International Business Operations.
Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Established by act of Aug. 23, 1912 (37 Stat. 407). Functions reassigned to other offices of the Department
of Commerce due to internal reorganizations.
Commerce, Bureau of International See Business Operations, Bureau of International

Commerce Service, Foreign
Established in Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce, by act of Mar. 3,
1927 (44 Stat. 1394). Transferred to the Department of State as part of Foreign Service by Reorg. Plan No.
II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Commercial Company, U.S.
Established Mar. 27, 1942, as subsidiary of Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Transferred to Office of
Economic Warfare by EO 9361 of July 15, 1943. Office consolidated into Foreign Economic Administration
by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943. Functions returned to Corporation by EO 9630 of Sept. 27, 1945, until June
30, 1948.
Commercial Policy, Executive Committee on
Established by Presidential letter of Nov. 11, 1933, to Secretary of State. Abolished by EO 9461 of Aug. 7,
1944.
Commercial Standards Division
Transferred with Division of Simplified Trade Practice from National Bureau of Standards to the Secretary
of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946, to permit reassignment to Office of
Domestic Commerce. Functions transferred to National Bureau of Standards by the Department of
Commerce Order 90, June 7, 1963, pursuant to Reorg. Plan No. 5 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Commission. See other part of title
Committee. See also other part of title
Committee Management Secretariat
Established in the Office of Management and Budget Jan. 5, 1973, by act of Oct. 6, 1972 (86 Stat. 772).
Functions transferred to General Services Administrator by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Apr. 1,
1978. Reassigned to the National Archives and Records Service by GSA order of Feb. 22, 1979. Transferred
in Archives to Office of the Federal Register by GSA order of Oct. 14, 1980. Transferred to Office of the
Archivist of the United States by GSA order of Sept. 24, 1982. Reassigned to Office of Program Initiatives,
GSA, by GSA order of May 18, 1984. Transferred to Office of Management Services, GSA, by GSA order of
Apr. 7, 1986.
Commodities Corporation, Federal Surplus See Relief Corporation, Federal Surplus
Commodity Credit Corporation
Organized by EO 6340 of Oct. 16, 1933, and managed in close affiliation with Reconstruction Finance
Corporation. Transferred to the Department of Agriculture by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939.
Commodity Exchange Administration See Grain Futures Administration
Commodity Exchange Authority See Grain Futures Administration
Commodity Exchange Commission
Established by act of Sept. 21, 1922 (42 Stat. 998). Functions transferred to Commodity Futures Trading
Commission by act of Oct. 23, 1974 (88 Stat. 1414).
Commodity Stabilization Service
Established in the Department of Agriculture Nov. 2, 1953, by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4.
Renamed Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1458 of June
14, 1961, effective June 5, 1961.
Communication Agency, International See Information Agency, U.S.

Communications Program, Joint Tactical
Combined with Joint Interoperability of the Tactical Command and Control Systems Programs to form
Joint Tactical Command, Control, and Communications Agency in July 1984, pursuant to DOD Directive
5154.28.
Community Development Corporation
Established in the Department of Housing and Urban Development by act of Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1791).
Renamed New Community Development Corporation by act of Aug. 22, 1974 (88 Stat. 725). Abolished
Nov. 30, 1983, by act of Nov. 30, 1983 (97 Stat. 1238), and functions transferred to Assistant Secretary for
Community Planning and Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Community Development Corporation, New See Community Development Corporation
Community Facilities, Bureau of
Established in 1945 by Federal Works Administrator. Transferred by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380), to
General Services Administration, functioning as Community Facilities Service. Certain functions transferred
to various agencies, including the Department of the Interior, Housing and Home Finance Agency, and
Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plans Nos. 15, 16, and 17 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Community Facilities Administration
Established in Housing and Home Finance Agency by Administrator’s Organizational Order 1 of Dec. 23,
1954. Terminated by act of Sept. 9, 1965 (79 Stat. 667), and functions transferred to the Department of
Housing and Urban Development.
Community Organization, Committee on
Established in Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services Sept. 10, 1941. Functions transferred to
Federal Security Agency by EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943.
Community Relations Service
Established in the Department of Commerce by act of July 2, 1964 (78 Stat. 241). Transferred to the
Department of Justice by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1966, effective Apr. 22, 1966.
Community Service, Commission on National and
Established by act of Nov. 16, 1990 (104 Stat. 3168). Abolished by act of Sept. 21, 1993, and functions
vested in the Board of Directors or the Executive Director prior to Oct. 1, 1993, transferred to the
Corporation for National and Community Service (107 Stat. 873, 888).
Community Services Administration
Established by act of Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2291) as successor to Office of Economic Opportunity.
Abolished as independent agency through repeal of act of Aug. 20, 1964 (except titles VIII and X of such
act) by act of Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 519).
Community Services Administration
Functions concerning Legal Services Program transferred to Legal Services Corporation by act of July 25,
1974 (88 Stat. 389). Renamed Public Services Administration by Health, Education, and Welfare
departmental notice of Nov. 3, 1976. Transferred to Office of Human Development by Secretary’s
reorganization of Mar. 8, 1977 (42 FR 13262).
Community War Services
Established in Office of the Administrator under EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943, and Federal Security Agency
order. Terminated Dec. 31, 1946, by act of July 26, 1946 (60 Stat. 695).
Conciliation Service, U.S.
Established by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 738). Functions transferred to Federal Mediation and
Conciliation Service, established by act of June 23, 1947 (61 Stat. 153).

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Renamed Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe by EO 13029, Dec. 3, 1996 (61 FR 64591).
Consolidated Farm Service Agency
Established by act of Oct. 13, 1994 (108 Stat. 3214). Renamed Farm Service Agency (61 FR 1109), effective
Jan. 16, 1996.
Constitution, Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States
Established by act of Sept. 29, 1983, as amended (97 Stat. 722). Terminated by act of Dec. 3, 1991 (105
Stat. 1232).
Constitution, transfer of functions See Statutes at Large and other matters
Construction, Collective Bargaining Committee in
Established by EO 11849 of Apr. 1, 1975. Inactive since Jan. 7, 1976. Formally abolished by EO 12110 of
Dec. 28, 1978.
Construction, Equipment and Repairs, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Navy by act of Aug. 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579). Abolished by act of July 5,
1862 (12 Stat. 510), and functions distributed among Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting, Bureau of
Construction and Repair, and Bureau of Steam Engineering.
Construction Branch
Established in the Department of the Treasury in 1853 and designated Bureau of Construction under
control of Office of Supervising Architect by Sept. 30, 1855. Office incorporated into Public Buildings
Branch, Procurement Division, by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Transferred to Federal Works Agency by
Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, when Public Buildings Branch of Procurement Division,
Bureau of Buildings Management, National Park Service, Department of the Interior—so far as latter
concerned with operation of public buildings for other departments or agencies—and U.S. Housing
Corporation consolidated with Public Buildings Administration, Federal Works Agency.
Construction Industry Stabilization Committee
Established by EO 11588 of Mar. 29, 1971. Abolished by EO 11788 of June 18, 1974.
Construction and Repair, Bureau of
Established by act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), replacing Bureau of Construction, Equipment and Repairs.
Abolished by act of June 20, 1940 (54 Stat. 492), and functions transferred to Bureau of Ships.
Consumer Advisory Council
Established by EO 11136 of Jan. 3, 1964. Office of Consumer Affairs established in Executive Office of the
President by EO 11583 of Feb. 24, 1971, and Council reestablished in Office.
Consumer Affairs, Office of
Established by EO 11583 of Feb. 24, 1971. Transferred to the Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare by EO 11702 of Jan. 25, 1973.
Consumer Affairs Staff, National Business Council for
Established in the Department of Commerce by departmental organization order of Dec. 16, 1971.
Terminated by departmental order of Dec. 6, 1973, due to lack of funding.
Consumer agencies
Consumer agencies of National Emergency Council and National Recovery Administration reorganized and
functions transferred, together with those of Consumers’ Advisory Board, NRA, and Cabinet Committee on
Price Policy, to Consumers’ Division, NRA, by EO 7120 of July 30, 1935. Division transferred to the
Department of Labor by EO 7252 of Dec. 21, 1935. Transferred to Division of Consumers’ Counsel,

Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Department of Agriculture, by Secretary of Labor letter of Aug.
30, 1938, to the Secretary of Agriculture. Continued as Consumer Standards Project until June 30, 1941.
Research on consumer standards continued by Consumer Standards Section, Consumers’ Counsel Division,
transferred to Agricultural Marketing Administration by administrative order of Feb. 28, 1942. Other
project activities discontinued.
Consumer Cooperative Bank, National
Established by act of Aug. 20, 1978 (92 Stat. 499). Removed from mixed-ownership, Government
corporation status by acts of Sept. 13, 1982 (96 Stat. 1062) and Jan. 12, 1983 (96 Stat. 2478).
Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight, Office of
Established by Health and Human Services Secretary’s notice of April 19, 2010 (75 FR 20364). Abolished by
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid's notice of Jan. 26, 2011 (76 FR 4703).
Consumer Interests, President’s Committee on
Established by EO 11136 of Jan. 3, 1964. Abolished by EO 11583 of Feb. 24, 1971.
Consumer and Marketing Service
Established by the Secretary of Agriculture Feb. 2, 1965. Renamed Agricultural Marketing Service Apr. 2,
1972, by Secretary’s order and certain functions transferred to Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service.
Consumers’ Counsel
Established in National Bituminous Coal Commission by act of Aug. 30, 1935 (49 Stat. 993). Office
abolished by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and functions transferred to Office of
Solicitor, Department of the Interior, to function as Consumers’ Counsel Division under direction of the
Secretary of the Interior. Functions transferred to Office of the Bituminous Coal Consumers’ Counsel June
1941 by act of Apr. 11, 1941 (55 Stat. 134).
Consumers’ Counsel Division See Consumers’ Counsel
Consumers’ Counsel, Division of
Established by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 31). Transferred by order of the Secretary of Agriculture from
Agricultural Adjustment Administration to supervision of Director of Marketing, effective Feb. 1, 1940.
Transferred to Agricultural Marketing Administration by administrative order of Feb. 28, 1942.
Consumers’ Problems, Adviser on See Consumer agencies
Contract Committee Government See Contract Compliance, Committee on Government
Contract Compliance, Committee on Government
Established by EO 10308 of Dec. 3, 1951. Abolished by EO 10479 of Aug. 13, 1953, which established
successor Government Contract Committee. Abolished by EO 10925 of Mar. 6, 1961, and records and
property transferred to President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
Contract Settlement, Office of
Established by act of July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 651). Transferred to Office of War Mobilization and
Reconversion by act of Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 785). Terminated by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, and Reorg.
Plan No. 1 of 1947, effective July 1, 1947, and functions transferred to the Department of the Treasury.
Functions transferred to General Services Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380).
Contract Settlement Advisory Board
Established by act of July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 651). Transferred to the Department of the Treasury by EO
9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, and by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1947, effective July 1, 1947. Transferred to General
Services Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380) and established as Contract Review Board.

Renamed Board of Contract Appeals in 1961 by Administrator’s order. Board established as independent
entity within General Services Administration Feb. 27, 1979, pursuant to act of Nov. 1, 1978 (92 Stat.
2383).
Contract Settlement Appeal Board, Office of
Established by act of July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 651). Transferred to the Department of the Treasury by EO
9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, and by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1947, effective July 1, 1947. Functions transferred to
General Services Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380). Abolished by act of July 14, 1952
(66 Stat. 627).
Contract Termination Board, Joint
Established Nov. 12, 1943, by Director of War Mobilization. Functions assumed by Office of Contract
Settlement.
Contracts Division, Public
Established in the Department of Labor to administer act of June 30, 1936 (49 Stat. 2036). Consolidated
with Wage and Hour Division by Secretarial order of Aug. 21, 1942. Absorbed by Wage and Hour Division
by Secretarial order of May 1971.
Cooperation Administration, International
Established by Department of State Delegation of Authority 85 of June 30, 1955, pursuant to EO 10610 of
May 9, 1955. Abolished by act of Sept. 4, 1961 (75 Stat. 446), and functions redelegated to Agency for
International Development pursuant to Presidential letter of Sept. 30, 1961, and EO 10973 of Nov. 3,
1961.
Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
Established by act of Oct. 13, 1994 (108 Stat. 3178). Reorganized into the National Institute of Food and
Agriculture by Secretary's Memorandum 1062-001 of Sept. 17, 2009.
Cooperative State Research Service
Established in the Department of Agriculture. Incorporated into Cooperative State, Research, Education,
and Extension Service under Department of Agriculture reorganization in 1995.
Coordinating Council for Comparative Effectiveness Research, Federal
Established by act of Feb. 17, 2009 (123 Stat 187). Terminated by act of Mar. 23, 2010 (124 Stat. 747).
Coordinating Service, Federal
Office of Chief Coordinator created by Executive order promulgated in Bureau of the Budget Circular 15,
July 27, 1921, and duties enlarged by other Bureau circulars. Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933.
Contract form, Federal traffic, and surplus property functions transferred to Procurement Division by
order of the Secretary of the Treasury, approved by President Oct. 9, 1933, issued pursuant to EO’s 6166
of June 10, 1933, and 6224 of July 27, 1933.
Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panels
Established by act of Dec. 17, 1993 (107 Stat. 2304). Replaced by Copyright Royalty Judges under act of
Nov. 30, 2004 (118 Stat. 2351).
Copyright Royalty Tribunal
Established as an independent entity within the legislative branch by act of Oct. 19, 1976 (90 Stat. 2594).
Abolished by act of Dec. 17, 1993 (107 Stat. 2304), and functions transferred to copyright arbitration
royalty panels.
Copyrighted Works, National Commission on New Technological Uses of
Established by act of Dec. 31, 1974 (88 Stat. 1873). Terminated Sept. 29, 1978, pursuant to terms of act.

Corporate Payments Abroad, Task Force on Questionable
Established by Presidential memorandum of Mar. 31, 1976. Terminated Dec. 31, 1976, pursuant to terms
of memorandum.
Corporation, Federal Facilities
Established in the Department of the Treasury by EO 10539 of June 22, 1954. Placed under supervision of
Director appointed by General Services Administrator by EO 10720 of July 11, 1957. Dissolved by act of
Aug. 30, 1961 (75 Stat. 418), and functions transferred to Administrator of General Services.
Corregidor-Bataan Memorial Commission
Established by act of Aug. 5, 1953 (67 Stat. 366). Terminated May 6, 1967, by act of Dec. 23, 1963 (77 Stat.
477).
Cost Accounting Standards Board
Established by act of Aug. 15, 1970 (84 Stat. 796). Terminated Sept. 30, 1980, due to lack of funding.
Reestablished by act of Nov. 17, 1988 (102 Stat. 4059).
Cost of Living Council
Established by EO 11615 of Aug. 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11788 of June 18, 1974.
Cotton Stabilization Corporation
Organized June 1930 under laws of Delaware by Federal Farm Board pursuant to act of June 15, 1929 (46
Stat. 11). Certificate of dissolution filed with Corporation Commission of Delaware Dec. 27, 1934.
Cotton Textile Industry, Board of Inquiry for the
Established by EO 6840 of Sept. 5, 1934. Abolished by EO 6858 of Sept. 26, 1934.
Council. See other part of title
Counterespionage Section
Transferred from the Criminal Division to the National Security Division by act of Mar. 9, 2006 (120 Stat.
249).
Counterintelligence, Office of
Established within the Department of Energy by Public Law 106–65 of Oct. 5, 1999 (113 Stat. 955).
Merged with Office of Intelligence to form Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence by memorandum
of March 9, 2006 of the Secretary of Energy.
Counterterrorism Section
Transferred from the Criminal Division to the National Security Division by act of Mar. 9, 2006 (120 Stat.
249).
Courts
Under act of Aug. 7, 1939 (53 Stat. 1223), and revised June 25, 1948 (62 Stat. 913), to provide for
administration of U.S. courts, administrative jurisdiction over all continental and territorial courts
transferred to Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, including U.S. courts of appeals and district courts,
District Court for the Territory of Alaska, U.S. District Court for the District of the Canal Zone, District Court
of Guam, District Court of the Virgin Islands, Court of Claims, Court of Customs and Patent Appeals, and
Customs Courts.
Credit Unions, Bureau of Federal See Credit Union System, Federal
Credit Union System, Federal
Established by act of June 26, 1934 (48 Stat. 1216), to be administered by Farm Credit Administration.
Transferred to Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation by EO 9148 of Apr. 27, 1942, and Reorg. Plan No. 1
of 1947, effective July 1, 1947. Functions transferred to Bureau of Federal Credit Unions, Federal Security

Agency, established by act of June 29, 1948 (62 Stat. 1091). Functions transferred to the Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, effective Apr. 11, 1953. Functions
transferred to National Credit Union Administration by act of Mar. 10, 1970 (84 Stat. 49).
Crime, National Council on Organized
Established by EO 11534 of June 4, 1970. Terminated by EO 12110 of Dec. 28, 1978.
Critical Materials Council, National
Established within Executive Office of the President by act of July 31, 1984 (98 Stat. 1250). Office
abolished in September 1993 due to lack of funding and functions transferred to the Office of Science and
Technology Policy.
Crop Insurance Corporation, Federal
Established by act of Feb. 16, 1938. Consolidated with the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation
Service and Farmers’ Home Administration in 1995 to form the Farm Service Agency pursuant to act of
Oct. 13, 1994 (108 Stat. 3178).
Crop Production Loan Office
Authorized by Presidential letters of July 26, 1918, and July 26, 1919, to the Secretary of Agriculture.
Further authorized by act of Mar. 3, 1921 (41 Stat. 1347). Transferred to Farm Credit Administration by EO
6084 of Mar. 27, 1933.
Cultural Center, National
Established in Smithsonian Institution by act of Sept. 2, 1958 (72 Stat. 1698). Renamed John F. Kennedy
Center for the Performing Arts by act of Jan. 23, 1964 (78 Stat. 4).
Customs, Bureau of
Established under sec. 1 of act of Mar. 3, 1927 (19 U.S.C. 2071) in Treasury Department. Functions relating
to award of numbers to undocumented vessels, vested in Collectors of Customs, transferred to
Commandant of Coast Guard by EO 9083 of Feb. 27, 1942. Transfer made permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 3
of 1946, effective July 16, 1946. Redesignated U.S. Customs Service by the Department of the Treasury
Order 165–23 of Apr. 4, 1973. Functions transferred to and agency established within Homeland Security
Department by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2178).
Customs Court, U.S.
Formerly established as Board of General Appraisers by act of June 10, 1890 (26 Stat. 136). Renamed U.S.
Customs Court by act of May 26, 1926 (44 Stat. 669). Renamed U.S. Court of International Trade by act of
Oct. 10, 1980 (94 Stat. 1727).
Customs and Patent Appeals, U.S. Court of
Established by act of Mar. 2, 1929 (45 Stat. 1475). Abolished by act of Apr. 2, 1982 (96 Stat. 28) and
functions merged with appellate functions of U.S. Court of Claims to form U.S. Court of Appeals for the
Federal Circuit.

D

TOP OF PAGE

Dairy Industry, Bureau of
Bureau of Dairying established in the Department of Agriculture by act of May 29, 1924 (43 Stat. 243).
Bureau of Dairy Industry designation first appeared in act of May 11, 1926 (44 Stat. 499). Functions
transferred to Agricultural Research Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling, The National Commission on the
Established by EO 13543 of May 21, 2010. Terminated March 11, 2011 pursuant to terms of order.

Defense, Advisory Commission to the Council of National See Defense, Council of National
Defense, Council of National
Established by act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 649). Advisory Commission—composed of Advisers on
Industrial Production, Industrial Materials, Employment, Farm Products, Price Stabilization,
Transportation, and Consumer Protection—established by Council pursuant to act and approved by
President May 29, 1940. Commission decentralized by merging divisions with newly created national
defense units. Agencies evolved from Commission, except Office of Agricultural War Relations and Office
of Price Administration, made units of Office for Emergency Management. Council inactive.
Defense, Office of Civilian
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8757 of May 20, 1941. Terminated by EO 9562 of
June 4, 1945.
Defense Administration, Federal Civil
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 10186 of Dec. 1, 1950; subsequently established
as independent agency by act of Jan. 12, 1951 (64 Stat. 1245). Functions transferred to Office of Defense
and Civilian Mobilization by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1958, effective July 1, 1958.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Established as a separate agency of the Department of Defense by DOD Directive 5105.41 dated July 25,
1978. Renamed Advanced Research Projects Agency by order of the Secretary of Defense dated July 13,
1993. Reestablished by act of Feb. 10, 1996 (110 Stat. 406).
Defense Advisory Council, Civil
Established by act of Jan. 12, 1951 (64 Stat. 1245). Transferred to Office of Defense and Civilian
Mobilization by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1958, effective July 1, 1958.
Defense Aid Reports, Division of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8751 of May 2, 1941. Abolished by EO 8926 of
Oct. 28, 1941, which created Office of Lend-Lease Administration.
Defense Air Transportation Administration
Established Nov. 12, 1951, by Department of Commerce Order 137. Abolished by Amendment 3 of Sept.
13, 1962, to Department Order 128 (revised) and functions transferred to Office of the Under Secretary of
Commerce for Transportation.
Defense Atomic Support Agency
Renamed Defense Nuclear Agency by General Order No. 1 of July 1, 1971.
Defense Audiovisual Agency
Established by DOD Directive 5040.1 of June 12, 1979. Abolished by Secretary’s memorandum of Apr. 19,
1985, and functions assigned to the military departments.
Defense Audit Service
Established by DOD Directive of Oct. 14, 1976. Abolished by Deputy Secretary’s memorandum of Nov. 2,
1982, and functions transferred to Office of the Inspector General.
Defense Civil Preparedness Agency
Functions transferred from the Department of Defense to the Federal Emergency Management Agency by
EO 12148 of July 20, 1979.
Defense and Civilian Mobilization Board
Established by EO 10773 of July 1, 1938. Redesignated Civil and Defense Mobilization Board by act of Aug.

26, 1958 (72 Stat. 861). Abolished by Office of Emergency Preparedness Circular 1200.1 of Oct. 31, 1962.
Defense Communications Agency
Established by direction of the Secretary of Defense on May 12, 1960. Renamed Defense Information
Systems Agency by DOD Directive 5105.19 dated June 25, 1991.
Defense Communications Board
Established by EO 8546 of Sept. 24, 1940. Renamed Board of War Communications by EO 9183 of June 15,
1942. Abolished by EO 9831 of Feb. 24, 1947, and property transferred to Federal Communications
Commission.
Defense Coordinating Board, Civil
Established by EO 10611 of May 11, 1955. EO 10611 revoked by EO 10773 of July 1, 1958.
Defense Electric Power Administration
Established by Order 2605 of Dec. 4, 1950 of the Secretary of the Interior. Abolished June 30, 1953, by
Secretary’s Order 2721 of May 7, 1953. Reestablished by Departmental Manual Release No. 253 of Aug. 6,
1959. Terminated by Departmental Manual Release No. 1050 of Jan. 10, 1977.
Defense Fisheries Administration
Established by Order 2605 of Dec. 4, 1950 of the Secretary of the Interior. Abolished June 30, 1953, by
Secretary’s Order 2722 of May 13, 1953.
Defense Health and Welfare Services, Office of
Established by EO 8890 of Sept. 3, 1941. Terminated by EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943, and functions
transferred to Federal Security Agency.
Defense Homes Corporation
Incorporated pursuant to President’s letter to the Secretary of the Treasury of Oct. 18, 1940. Transferred
to Federal Public Housing Authority by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942.
Defense Housing Coordinator
Office established July 21, 1940, by Advisory Commission to Council of National Defense. Functions
transferred to Division of Defense Housing Coordination, Office for Emergency Management, by EO 8632
of Jan. 11, 1941.
Defense Housing Division, Mutual Ownership
Established by Administrator of Federal Works Agency under provisions of act of June 28, 1941 (55 Stat.
361). Functions transferred to Federal Public Housing Authority, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of
Feb. 24, 1942.
Defense Intelligence College
Established by DOD Directive 3305.1 of January 28, 1983. Renamed Joint Military Intelligence College by
DOD Directive 3305.1 of January 14, 1998. See also Defense Intelligence School.
Defense Intelligence School
Established by DOD Directive 5105.25 of November 2, 1962. Renamed Defense Intelligence College by
DOD Directive 3305.1 of January 28, 1983.
Defense Investigative Service
Established by the Secretary of Defense Jan. 1, 1972. Renamed Defense Security Service in November
1997 by Defense Reform Initiative.

Defense Manpower Administration
Established by the Secretary of Labor by General Order 48, pursuant to EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950, and
Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950. General Order 48 revoked by General Order 63 of Aug.
25, 1953, which established Office of Manpower Administration in Department.
Defense Mapping Agency
Established as a the Department of Defense agency in 1972. Functions transferred to the National
Imagery and Mapping Agency by act of Sept. 23, 1996 (110 Stat. 2677).
Defense Materials Procurement Agency
Established by EO 10281 of Aug. 28, 1951. Abolished by EO 10480 of Aug. 14, 1953, and functions
transferred to General Services Administration.
Defense Materials Service See Emergency Procurement Service
Defense Materiel Readiness Board
Established by act of Jan. 28, 2008 (122 Stat. 260). Abolished by act of Jan. 2, 2013 (126 Stat. 2362).
Defense Mediation Board, National
Established by EO 8716 of Mar. 19, 1941. Terminated on creation of National War Labor Board, Office for
Emergency Management by EO 9017 of Jan. 12, 1942. Transferred to the Department of Labor by EO 9617
of Sept. 19, 1945. Board terminated by EO 9672 of Dec. 31, 1945, which established National Wage
Stabilization Board in the Department of Labor. Terminated by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, and functions
transferred to the Secretary of Labor and the Department of the Treasury, effective Feb. 24, 1947.
Defense Medical Programs Activity
Functions consolidated into the TRICARE Management Activity in November 1997 by Defense Reform
Initiative.
Defense Minerals Administration
Established by Order 2605 of Dec. 4, 1950 of the Secretary of the Interior. Functions assigned to Defense
Materials Procurement Agency. Functions of exploration for critical and strategic minerals redelegated to
the Secretary of the Interior and administered by Defense Minerals Exploration Administration by
Secretary’s Order 2726 of June 30, 1953. Termination of program announced by Secretary June 6, 1958.
Certain activities continued in Office of Minerals Exploration, Department of the Interior.
Defense Minerals Exploration Administration See Defense Minerals Administration
Defense Mobilization, Office of
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 10193 of Dec. 16, 1950. Superseded by Office of
Defense Mobilization established by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1953, effective June 12, 1953, which assumed
functions of former Office, National Security Resources Board, and critical materials stockpiling functions
of Army, Navy, Air Force, and Interior Secretaries and of Army and Navy Munitions Board. Consolidated
with Federal Civil Defense Administration into Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization by Reorg. Plan
No. 1 of 1958, effective July 1, 1958, and offices of Director and Deputy Director terminated.
Defense Mobilization Board
Established by EO 10200 of Jan. 3, 1951, and restated in EO 10480 of Aug. 14, 1953. Terminated by EO
10773 of July 1, 1958.
Defense Nuclear Agency
Established in 1971. Renamed Defense Special Weapons Agency by DOD Directive 5105.31 of June 14,
1995.

Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence, Office of
Established by act of Oct. 5, 1999 (113 Stat. 960). Abolished by act of Oct. 17, 2006 (120 Stat. 2507) and
functions transferred to the Secretary of Energy.
Defense Plant Corporation
Established by act of June 25, 1940 (54 Stat. 572). Transferred from Federal Loan Agency to the
Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency pursuant to act
of Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Dissolved by act of June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), and functions transferred to
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Defense Plants Administration, Small
Established by act of July 31, 1951 (65 Stat. 131). Terminated July 31, 1953, by act of June 30, 1953 (67
Stat. 131). Functions relating to liquidation transferred to Small Business Administration by EO 10504 of
Dec. 1, 1953.
Defense Production Administration
Established by EO 10200 of Jan. 3, 1951. Terminated by EO 10433 of Feb. 4, 1953, and functions
transferred to Office of Defense Mobilization.
Defense Property Disposal Service
Renamed Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service by Defense Logistics Agency General Order 10–85,
effective July 1, 1985.
Defense Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Office
Established by DOD Directive 5110.10, July 16, 1993. Renamed Defense Prisoner of War/Missing
Personnel Office by Secretary of Defense memorandum of May 30, 1996.
Defense Public Works Division
Established in Public Works Administration. Transferred to Office of Federal Works Administrator by
administrative order of July 16, 1941. Abolished by administrative order of Mar. 6, 1942, and functions
transferred to Office of Chief Engineer, Federal Works Agency.
Defense Purchases, Office for the Coordination of National
Established by order of Council of National Defense, approved June 27, 1940. Order revoked Jan. 7, 1941,
and records transferred to Executive Office of the President.
Defense Research Committee, National
Established June 27, 1940, by order of Council of National Defense. Abolished by order of Council June 28,
1941, and reestablished in Office of Scientific Research and Development by EO 8807 of June 28, 1941.
Office terminated by EO 9913 of Dec. 26, 1947, and property and records transferred to National Military
Establishment.
Defense Resources Committee
Established by Administrative Order 1496 of June 15, 1940. Replaced by War Resources Council by
Administrative Order 1636 of Jan. 14, 1942. Inactive.
Defense Security Assistance Agency
Established on Sept. 1, 1971. Renamed the Defense Security Cooperation Agency by DOD Directive
5105.38.
Defense Solid Fuels Administration
Established by Order 2605 of Dec. 4, 1950 of the Secretary of the Interior. Abolished June 29, 1954, by
Secretary’s Order 2764.
Defense Special Weapons Agency
Established by General Order No. 1 of July 1, 1971. Functions transferred to the Defense Threat Reduction

Agency by DOD Directive 5105.62 of Sept. 30, 1998.
Defense Stockpile Manager, National
Established by act of Nov. 14, 1986 (100 Stat. 4067). Functions transferred from the Administrator of
General Services to the Secretary of Defense by EO 12626 of Feb. 25, 1988.
Defense Supplies Corporation
Established under act of June 25, 1940 (54 Stat. 572). Transferred from Federal Loan Agency to the
Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of Feb.
24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Dissolved by act of June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), and functions transferred to
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Defense Supply Agency
Renamed Defense Logistics Agency by DOD Directive 5105.22 of Jan. 22, 1977.
Defense Supply Management Agency
Established in the Department of Defense by act of July 1, 1952 (66 Stat. 318). Abolished by Reorg. Plan
No. 6 of 1953, effective June 30, 1953, and functions transferred to the Secretary of Defense.
Defense Technology Security Administration
Established on May 10, 1985. Functions transferred to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency by DOD
Directive 5105.62 of Sept. 30, 1998.
Defense Transport Administration
Established Oct. 4, 1950, by order of Commissioner of Interstate Commerce Commission in charge of
Bureau of Service, pursuant to EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950. Terminated by DTA Commissioner’s order,
effective July 1, 1955, and functions transferred to Bureau of Safety and Service, Interstate Commerce
Commission.
Defense Transportation, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8989 of Dec. 18, 1941. Terminated by EO 10065
of July 6, 1949.
Deficit Reduction, Joint Select Committee on
Established by act of Aug. 2, 2011 (125 Stat. 259). Terminated January 31, 2012, pursuant to the act (125
Stat. 263).
Director. See other part of title
Disarmament Administration, U.S.
Established in the Department of State. Functions transferred to U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament
Agency by act of Sept. 26, 1961 (75 Stat. 638).
Disarmament Problems, President’s Special Committee on
Established by President Aug. 5, 1955. Dissolved in February 1958.
Disaster Assistance Administration, Federal
Functions transferred from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to the Federal
Emergency Management Agency by EO 12148 of July 20, 1979.
Disaster Loan Corporation
Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939. Transferred to the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal
Loan Agency by act of Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Dissolved by act of June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), and
functions transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

Disease Control, Center for
Established within the Public Health Service by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on July 1,
1973. Renamed Centers for Disease Control by Health and Human Services Secretary’s notice of Oct. 1,
1980 (45 FR 67772). Renamed Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by act of Oct. 27, 1992 (106
Stat. 3504).
Displaced Persons Commission
Established by act of June 25, 1948 (62 Stat. 1009). Terminated Aug. 31, 1952, pursuant to terms of act.
Dispute Resolution, Office of
Transferred to the Office of Legal Policy by the Attorney General on August 24, 2011.
District of Columbia
Established by acts of July 16, 1790 (1 Stat. 130), and Mar. 3, 1791. Corporations of Washington and
Georgetown and levy court of Washington County abolished in favor of territorial form of government in
1871. Permanent commission government established July 1, 1878. District Government created as
municipal corporation by act of June 11, 1878 (20 Stat. 102). Treated as branch of U.S. Government by
various statutory enactments of Congress. District Government altered by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1967,
effective Nov. 3, 1967. Charter for local government in District of Columbia provided by act of Dec. 24,
1973 (87 Stat. 774).
District of Columbia, Highway Commission of the
Established by act of Mar. 2, 1893 (27 Stat 532). National Capital Park and Planning Commission named
successor by act of Apr. 30, 1926 (44 Stat. 374). Functions transferred to National Capital Planning
Commission by act of July 19, 1952 (66 Stat. 781).
District of Columbia, Reform-School of the
Established by act of May 3, 1876 (19 Stat. 49). Renamed National Training School for Boys by act of May
27, 1908 (35 Stat. 380). Transferred to the Department of Justice by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective
July 1, 1939, to be administered by Director of Bureau of Prisons.
District of Columbia Auditorium Commission
Established by act of July 1, 1955 (69 Stat. 243). Final report submitted to Congress Jan. 31, 1957,
pursuant to act of Apr. 27, 1956 (70 Stat. 115).
District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency
Established by act of Aug. 2, 1946 (60 Stat. 790). Agency established as instrumentality of District
Government by act of Dec. 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 774), effective July 1, 1974.
District of Columbia-Virginia Boundary Commission
Established by act of Mar. 21, 1934 (48 Stat. 453). Terminated Dec. 1, 1935, to which date it had been
extended by Public Resolution 9 (49 Stat. 67).
Division. See other part of title
Domestic Council
Established in Executive Office of the President by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, effective July 1, 1970.
Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Mar. 26, 1978, and functions transferred to President
and staff designated as Domestic Policy Staff. Pursuant to EO 12045 of Mar. 27, 1978, Staff assisted
President in performance of transferred functions. Renamed Office of Policy Development in 1981.
Abolished in February 1992 by President’s reorganizational statement, effective May 1992.
Domestic Policy Staff See Domestic Council
Dominican Customs Receivership

Transferred from Division of Territories and Island Possessions, Department of the Interior, to the
Department of State by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Drug Abuse, National Institute on
Established within the National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
by act of Mar. 21, 1972 (86 Stat. 85). Removed from within the National Institute of Mental Health and
made an entity within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration by act of May 14, 1974
(88 Stat. 136). Functions transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services by act of Oct. 17,
1979 (93 Stat. 695). (See also act of Oct. 27, 1986; 100 Stat. 3207–106.) Abolished by act of July 10, 1992
(106 Stat. 331). Reestablished by act of July 10, 1992 (106 Stat. 361).
Drug Abuse, President’s Advisory Commission on Narcotic and
Established by EO 11076 of Jan. 15, 1963. Terminated November 1963 under terms of order.
Drug Abuse Control, Bureau of
Established in Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, to carry out
functions of act of July 15, 1965 (79 Stat. 226). Functions transferred to Bureau of Narcotics and
Dangerous Drugs, Department of Justice, by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1968, effective Apr. 8, 1968. Abolished
by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1973, effective July 1, 1973, and functions transferred to Drug Enforcement
Administration.
Drug Abuse Law Enforcement, Office of
Established by EO 11641 of Jan. 28, 1972. Terminated by EO 11727 of July 6, 1973, and functions
transferred to Drug Enforcement Administration.
Drug Abuse Policy, Office of
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of Mar. 19, 1976 (90 Stat. 242). Abolished by Reorg.
Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Mar. 26, 1978, and functions transferred to President.
Drug-Free Schools, Office of Safe
Abolished by the Secretary of Education on Sept. 25, 2011. Programs transferred to Office of Safe and
Healthy Students within the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education.
Drug Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation, Cabinet Committee on
Established Apr. 27, 1976, by Presidential announcement. Terminated by Presidential memorandum of
Mar. 14, 1977.
Drug Intelligence Center, National
Abolished on May 2, 2012. Functions performed by National Drug Intelligence Center ordered transferred
to such division in the Department of Justice as deemed desirable by Attorney General.
Drug Law Enforcement, Cabinet Committee for
Established Apr. 27, 1976, pursuant to Presidential message to Congress of Apr. 27, 1976. Abolished by
Presidential memorandum of Mar. 14, 1977.
Drug Law Enforcement, Cabinet Committee for
Established Apr. 27, 1976, pursuant to Presidential message to Congress of Apr. 27, 1976. Abolished by
Presidential memorandum of Mar. 14, 1977.
Drugs, Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous See Drug Abuse Control, Bureau of
Drugs and Biologics, National Center for
Renamed Center for Drugs and Biologics by Food and Drug Administration notice of Mar. 9, 1984 (49 FR
10166). Reestablished as Center for Drug Evaluation and Research and Center for Biologics Evaluation and
Research by Secretary’s notice of Oct. 6, 1987 (52 FR 38275).

Drunk Driving, Presidential Commission on
Established by EO 12358 of Apr. 14, 1982. Terminated Dec. 31, 1983, by EO 12415 of Apr. 5, 1983.
Dryden Research Center, Hugh L.
Formerly separate field installation of National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Made component
of Ames Research Center by NASA Management Instruction 1107.5A of Sept. 3, 1981.

E

TOP OF PAGE

Economic Administration, Foreign
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943. Functions of Office of
Lend-Lease Administration, Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations, Office of Economic
Warfare (together with U.S. Commercial Company, Rubber Development Corporation, Petroleum Reserves
Corporation, and Export-Import Bank of Washington and functions transferred thereto by EO 9361 of July
15, 1943), and foreign economic operations of Office of Foreign Economic Coordination transferred to
Administration. Foreign procurement activities of War Food Administration and Commodity Credit
Corporation transferred by EO 9385 of Oct. 6, 1943. Terminated by EO 9630 of Sept. 27, 1945, and
functions redistributed to the Departments of State, Commerce, and Agriculture and the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation.
Economic Analysis, Office of See Business Economics, Office of
Economic Cooperation Administration
Established by act of Apr. 3, 1948 (62 Stat. 138). Abolished by act of Oct. 10, 1951 (65 Stat. 373), and
functions transferred to Mutual Security Agency pursuant to EO 10300 of Nov. 1, 1951.
Economic Coordination, Office of Foreign See Board of Economic Operations
Economic Defense Board
Established by EO 8839 of July 30, 1941. Renamed Board of Economic Warfare by EO 8982 of Dec. 17,
1941. Board terminated by EO 9361 of July 15, 1943, and Office of Economic Warfare established in Office
for Emergency Management. Office of Economic Warfare consolidated with Foreign Economic
Administration by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943.
Economic Development, Office of Regional
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Jan. 6, 1966, pursuant to act of Aug. 26, 1965 (79 Stat. 552).
Abolished by Department Order 5A, Dec. 22, 1966, and functions vested in Economic Development
Administration.
Economic Development Service, Foreign
Established by order of the Secretary of Agriculture Nov. 8, 1969. Abolished by order of Secretary Feb. 6,
1972, and functions transferred to Economic Research Service.
Economic Growth and Stability, Advisory Board on
Established by Presidential letter to Congress of June 1, 1953. Superseded by National Advisory Board on
Economic Policy by Presidential direction Mar. 12, 1961. Cabinet Committee on Economic Growth
established by President Aug. 21, 1962, to succeed Board.
Economic Management Support Center
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1836 of Jan. 9, 1974. Consolidated with other
Department units into Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1927,
effective Dec. 23, 1977.
Economic Operations, Board of

Established by Department of State order of Oct. 7, 1941. Abolished by departmental order of June 24,
1943, and functions transferred to Office of Foreign Economic Coordination established by same order.
Office abolished by departmental order of Nov. 6, 1943, pursuant to EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943.
Economic Opportunity, Office of
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of Aug. 20, 1964 (78 Stat. 508). All OEO programs
except three transferred by administrative action to the Departments of Health, Education, and Welfare,
Labor, and Housing and Urban Development July 6, 1973. Community Action, Economic Development,
and Legal Services Programs transferred to Community Services Administration by act of Jan. 4, 1975 (88
Stat. 2310).
Economic Policy, Council on
Established by Presidential memorandum of Feb. 2, 1973. Functions absorbed by Economic Policy Board
Sept. 30, 1974.
Economic Policy, Council on Foreign
Established Dec. 22, 1954, by Presidential letter of Dec. 11, 1954. Abolished by President Mar. 12, 1961,
and functions transferred to Secretary of State.
Economic Policy, Council on International
Established in Executive Office of the President by Presidential memorandum of January 1971.
Reestablished by act of Aug. 29, 1972 (86 Stat. 646). Terminated Sept. 30, 1977, on expiration of statutory
authority.
Economic Policy, National Advisory Board on See Economic Growth and Stability, Advisory Board on
Economic Policy Board, President’s
Established by EO 11808 of Sept. 30, 1974. Terminated by EO 11975 of Mar. 7, 1977.
Economic Recovery Advisory Board, President’s
Established by EO 13501 of February 6, 2009. Terminated February 12, 2011 pursuant to terms of order.
Economic Research Service
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1446, supp. 1, of Apr. 3, 1961. Consolidated with
other Department of Agriculture units into Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service by Secretary’s
Memorandum 1927, effective Dec. 23, 1977. Redesignated as Economic Research Service by Secretarial
order of Oct. 1, 1981.
Economic Security, Advisory Council on
Established by EO 6757 of June 29, 1934. Terminated on approval of act of Aug. 14, 1935 (49 Stat. 620)
Aug. 14, 1935.
Economic Security, Committee on
Established by EO 6757 of June 29, 1934. Terminated as formal agency in April 1936, as provided in act,
but continued informally for some time thereafter.
Economic Stabilization, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9250 of Oct. 3, 1942. Terminated by EO 9620 of
Sept. 20, 1945, and functions transferred to Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion. Reestablished in
Office for Emergency Management by EO 9699 of Feb. 21, 1946. Transferred by EO 9762 of July 25, 1946,
to Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion. Consolidated with other agencies to form Office of
Temporary Controls by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946.
Economic Stabilization Agency
Established by EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950, and EO 10276 of July 31, 1951. Terminated, except for
liquidation purposes, by EO 10434 of Feb. 6, 1953. Liquidation completed Oct. 31, 1953, pursuant to EO

10480 of Aug. 14, 1953.
Economic Stabilization Board
Established by EO 9250 of Oct. 3, 1942. Transferred to Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion by EO
9620 of Sept. 20, 1945. Returned to Office of Economic Stabilization on reestablishment by EO 9699 of
Feb. 21, 1946. Board returned to Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion by EO 9762 of July 25,
1946. Functions terminated by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946.
Economic Warfare, Board of See Economic Defense Board
Economic Warfare, Office of See Economic Defense Board
Economics, Bureau of Industrial
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Jan. 2, 1980, in conjunction with Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1979,
effective Oct. 1, 1980, and operated under Department Organization Order 35–5B. Abolished at bureau
level by Secretarial order, effective Jan. 22, 1984 (49 FR 4538). Industry-related functions realigned and
transferred from Under Secretary for Economic Affairs to Under Secretary for International Trade. Under
Secretary for Economic Affairs retained units to support domestic macroeconomic policy functions.
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
Renamed Economics and Statistics Service by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 2025 of Sept. 17,
1980. Redesignated as Economic Research Service and Statistical Reporting Service by Secretarial order of
Oct. 1, 1981.
Economy Board, Joint
Placed under direction of President by military order of July 5, 1939. Abolished Sept. 1, 1947, by joint
letter of Aug. 20, 1947, from Secretaries of War and Navy to President.
Education, Federal Board for Vocational
Established by act of Feb. 23, 1917 (39 Stat. 929). Functions transferred to the Department of the Interior
by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Functions assigned to Commissioner of Education Oct. 10, 1933. Office of
Education transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan
No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Board abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.
Education, National Institute of
Established by act of June 23, 1972 (86 Stat. 327). Transferred to Office of Educational Research and
Improvement, Department of Education, by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 678), effective May 4, 1980.
Education, Office of
Established as independent agency by act of Mar. 2, 1867 (14 Stat. 434). Transferred to the Department of
the Interior by act of July 20, 1868 (15 Stat. 106). Transferred to Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan
No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions of Federal Security Administrator administered by Office of
Education relating to student loans and defense-related education transferred to War Manpower
Commission by EO 9247 of Sept. 17, 1942.
Education, Office of Bilingual
Abolished by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 675), and functions transferred to Office of Bilingual Education
and Minority Languages Affairs, Department of Education.
Education Beyond the High School, President’s Committee on
Established by act of July 26, 1956 (70 Stat. 676). Terminated Dec. 31, 1957. Certain activities continued
by Bureau of Higher Education, Office of Education.

Education Division

Established in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare by act of June 23, 1972 (86 Stat. 327).
Functions transferred to the Department of Education by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 677).
Education Goals Panel, National
Terminated by Congressional mandate, March 15, 2002.
Education Statistics, National Center for
Established in the Office of the Assistant Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services, by act of
Aug. 21, 1974 (88 Stat. 556). Transferred to the Office of Educational Research and Improvement,
Department of Education, by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 678), effective May 4, 1980. Renamed Center
for Education Statistics by act of Oct. 17, 1986 (100 Stat. 1579). Renamed National Center for Education
Statistics by act of Apr. 28, 1988 (102 Stat. 331).
Educational and Cultural Affairs, Bureau of
Established by Secretary of State in 1960. Terminated by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, effective July 1, 1978,
and functions transferred to International Communication Agency, effective Apr. 1, 1978.
Educational and Cultural Affairs, Interagency Council on International
Established Jan. 20, 1964, by Foreign Affairs Manual Circular, under authority of act of Sept. 21, 1961 (75
Stat. 527). Terminated Oct. 1973 following creation of Subcommittee on International Exchanges by
National Security Council directive.
Educational Exchange, U.S. Advisory Commission on
Established by act of Jan. 27, 1948 (62 Stat. 10). Abolished by act of Sept. 21, 1961 (75 Stat. 538), and
superseded by U.S. Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs.
Efficiency, Bureau of
Organized under act of Feb. 28, 1916 (39 Stat. 15). Abolished by act of Mar. 3, 1933 (47 Stat. 1519), and
records transferred to Bureau of the Budget.
Elderly, Committee on Mental Health and Illness of the
Established by act of July 29, 1975 (89 Stat. 347). Terminated Sept. 30, 1977.
Electoral votes for President and Vice President, transfer of functions See State, Department of
Electric Home and Farm Authority
Incorporated Aug. 1, 1935, under laws of District of Columbia. Designated as U.S. agency by EO 7139 of
Aug. 12, 1935. Continued by act of June 10, 1941 (55 Stat. 248). Grouped with other agencies in Federal
Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan. No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions transferred to the Department
of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Terminated by EO 9256 of Oct. 13, 1942.
Electric Home and Farm Authority, Inc.
Organized Jan. 17, 1934, under laws of State of Delaware by EO 6514 of Dec. 19, 1933. Dissolved Aug. 1,
1935, and succeeded by Electric Home and Farm Authority.
Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Office of
Established by Secretary of Energy announcement of June 9, 2005. Position of director elevated to
Assistant Secretary of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability by Secretary’s memorandum EXEC-2007010607 of Oct. 24, 2007.
Electricity Transmission and Distribution, Office of
Renamed Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability by the Secretary of Energy’s memo of Feb. 15,
2005.

Emergency Administration of Public Works, Federal

Established by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 200). Operation continued by subsequent legislation,
including act of June 21, 1938 (52 Stat. 816). Consolidated with Federal Works Agency as Public Works
Administration by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions transferred to Office of
Federal Works Administrator by EO 9357 of June 30, 1943.
Emergency Conservation Work
Established by EO 6101 of Apr. 5, 1933. Succeeded by Civilian Conservation Corps.
Emergency Council, National
Established by EO 6433–A of Nov. 17, 1933. Consolidated with Executive Council by EO 6889–A of Oct. 29,
1934. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and functions (except those relating
to Radio Division and Film Service) transferred to Executive Office of the President.
Emergency Council, Office of Economic Adviser to National
Established by EO 6240 of Aug. 3, 1933, in connection with Executive Council, which later consolidated
with National Emergency Council. Records and property used in preparation of statistical and economic
summaries transferred to Central Statistical Board by EO 7003 of Apr. 8, 1935.
Emergency Management, Office for
Established in Executive Office of the President by administrative order of May 25, 1940, in accordance
with EO 8248 of Sept. 8, 1939. Inactive.
Emergency Management Agency, Federal
Established in EO 12127 of Mar. 31, 1979. Functions transferred to Department of Homeland Security by
act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2213). Established as a distinct entity with the Department of Homeland
Security by act of Oct. 4, 2006 (120 Stat. 1400).
Emergency Mobilization Preparedness Board
Established Dec. 17, 1981, by the President. Abolished by Presidential directive of Sept. 16, 1985.
Emergency Planning, Office of
Established as successor to Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization by act of Sept. 22, 1961 (75 Stat. 630).
Renamed Office of Emergency Preparedness by act of Oct. 21, 1968 (82 Stat. 1194). Terminated by Reorg.
Plan No. 2 of 1973, effective July 1, 1973, and functions transferred to the Departments of the Treasury
and Housing and Urban Development and the General Services Administration.
Emergency Preparedness, Office of See Emergency Planning, Office of
Emergency Procurement Service
Established Sept. 1, 1950, by Administrator of General Services. Renamed Defense Materials Service Sept.
7, 1956. Functions transferred to Property Management and Disposal Service July 29, 1966. Service
abolished July 1, 1973, and functions transferred to Federal Supply Service, Public Buildings Service, and
Federal Property Resources Service.
Emergency Relief Administration, Federal
Established by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 55). Expired June 30, 1938, having been liquidated by Works
Progress Administrator pursuant to act of May 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 352).
Employee-Management Relations Program, President’s Committee on the Implementation of the Federal
Established by EO 10988 of Jan. 17, 1962. Terminated upon submission of report to President June 21,
1963.
Employees’ Compensation, Bureau of
Transferred from Federal Security Agency to the Department of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 19 of 1950,
effective May 24, 1950. Functions absorbed by Employment Standards Administration Mar. 13, 1972.

Employees’ Compensation Appeals Board
Transferred from Federal Security Agency to the Department of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 19 of 1950,
effective May 24, 1950.
Employees’ Compensation Commission, U.S.
Established by act of Sept. 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 742). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946, effective July 16,
1946, and functions transferred to Federal Security Administrator.
Employment Board, Fair
Established by U.S. Civil Service Commission pursuant to EO 9980 of July 26, 1948. Abolished by EO 10590
of Jan. 18, 1955.
Employment of People With Disabilities, President’s Committee on
Created by EO 12640 of May 10, 1988. Duties subsumed by the Office of Disability Employment within the
Department of Labor as directed by Public Law 106–554 of Dec. 21, 2000.
Employment of the Physically Handicapped, President’s Committee on
Established by EO 10640 of Oct. 10, 1955, continuing Committee established by act of July 11, 1949 (63
Stat. 409). Superseded by President’s Committee on Employment of the Handicapped established by EO
10994 of Feb. 14, 1962.
Employment Policy, President’s Committee on Government
Established by EO 10590 of Jan. 18, 1955. Abolished by EO 10925 of Mar. 6, 1961, and functions
transferred to President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
Employment Practice, Committee on Fair
Established in Office of Production Management by EO 8802 of June 25, 1941. Transferred to War
Manpower Commission by Presidential letter effective July 30, 1942. Committee terminated on
establishment of Committee on Fair Employment Practice, Office for Emergency Management, by EO 9346
of May 27, 1943. Terminated June 30, 1946, by act of July 17, 1945 (59 Stat. 743).
Employment Security, Bureau of
Transferred from Federal Security Agency to the Department of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949,
effective Aug. 20, 1949. Abolished by order of Mar. 14, 1969 of the Secretary of Labor, and functions
transferred to Manpower Administration.
Employment Service, U.S.
Established in the Department of Labor in 1918 by departmental order. Abolished by act of June 6, 1933
(48 Stat. 113), and created as bureau with same name. Functions consolidated with unemployment
compensation functions of Social Security Board, Bureau of Employment Security, and transferred to
Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Service transferred to Bureau
of Placement, War Manpower Commission, by EO 9247 of Sept. 17, 1942. Returned to the Department of
Labor by EO 9617 of Sept. 19, 1945. Transferred to Federal Security Agency by act of June 16, 1948 (62
Stat. 443), to function as part of Bureau of Employment Security, Social Security Administration. Bureau,
including U.S. Employment Service, transferred to the Department of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949,
effective Aug. 20, 1949. Abolished by reorganization of Manpower Administration, effective Mar. 17,
1969, and functions assigned to U.S. Training and Employment Service.
Employment Stabilization Board, Federal
Established by act of Feb. 10, 1931 (46 Stat. 1085). Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Abolition
deferred by EO 6623 of Mar. 1, 1934, until functions of Board transferred to Federal Employment
Stabilization Office, established in the Department of Commerce by same order. Office abolished by
Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and functions transferred from the Department of
Commerce to National Resources Planning Board, Executive Office of the President.
Employment Stabilization Office, Federal. See Employment Stabilization Board, Federal

Employment and Training, Office of Comprehensive
Established in the Department of Labor. Terminated due to expiration of authority for appropriations
after fiscal year 1982. Replaced by Office of Employment and Training Programs.
Employment and Training Programs, Office of
Renamed Office of Job Training Programs by Employment and Training Administration reorganization in
the Department of Labor, effective June 1984.
Endangered Species Scientific Authority
Established by EO 11911 of Apr. 13, 1976. Terminated by act of Dec. 28, 1979 (93 Stat. 1228), and
functions transferred to the Secretary of the Interior.
Energy Administration, Federal
Established by act of May 7, 1974 (88 Stat. 96). Assigned additional responsibilities by acts of June 22,
1974 (88 Stat. 246), Dec. 22, 1975 (89 Stat. 871), and Aug. 14, 1976 (90 Stat. 1125). Terminated by act of
Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 577), and functions transferred to the Department of Energy.
Energy Advisory Support Office, Secretary of
Abolished by secretarial decision of Feb. 6, 2006.
Energy Assurance, Office of
Abolished pursuant to Conference Report No. 108-729 on H.R. 4818, Consolidated Appropriations Act.
Functions merged with Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability.
Energy Conservation, Office of
Established by Interior Secretarial Order 2953 May 7, 1973. Functions transferred to Federal Energy
Administration by act of May 7, 1974 (88 Stat. 100).
Energy Data and Analysis, Office of
Established by Interior Secretarial Order 2953 of May 7, 1973. Functions transferred to Federal Energy
Administration by act of May 7, 1974 (88 Stat. 100).
Energy Policy Office
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 11726 of June 29, 1973. Abolished by EO 11775 of
Mar. 26, 1974.
Energy Programs, Office of
Established by Department of Commerce Organization Order 25– 7A, effective Sept. 24, 1975. Terminated
by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 581), and functions transferred to the Department of Energy.
Energy Research and Development Administration
Established by act of Oct. 11, 1974 (88 Stat. 1234). Assigned responsibilities by acts of Sept. 3, 1974 (88
Stat. 1069, 1079), Oct. 26, 1974 (88 Stat. 1431), and Dec. 31, 1974 (88 Stat. 1887). Terminated by act of
Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 577), and functions transferred to the Department of Energy.
Energy Resources Council
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of Oct. 11, 1974 (88 Stat. 1233). Establishing
authority repealed by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 608), and Council terminated.
Energy Supplies and Resources Policy, Presidential Advisory Committee on
Established July 30, 1954, by President. Abolished Mar. 12, 1961, by President and functions transferred
to the Secretary of the Interior.
Enforcement Commission, National

Established by General Order 18 of Economic Stabilization Administrator, effective July 30, 1952.
Functions transferred to Director, Office of Defense Mobilization, and Attorney General by EO 10494 of
Oct. 14, 1953.
Engineering, Bureau of See Steam Engineering, Bureau of
Entomology, Bureau of See Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Bureau of
Bureau of Entomology and Bureau of Plant Quarantine created by acts of Apr. 23, 1904 (33 Stat. 276), and
July 7, 1932 (47 Stat. 640), respectively. Consolidated with disease control and eradication functions of
Bureau of Plant Industry into Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine by act of Mar. 23, 1934 (48 Stat.
467). Functions transferred to Agricultural Research Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of
Nov. 2, 1953.
Environment, Cabinet Committee on the See Environmental Quality Council
Environmental Financing Authority
Established by act of Oct. 18, 1972 (86 Stat. 899). Expired June 30, 1975, pursuant to terms of act.
Environmental Quality Council
Established by EO 11472 of May 29, 1969. Renamed Cabinet Committee on the Environment by EO 11514
of Mar. 5, 1970. EO 11514 terminated by EO 11541 of July 1, 1970.
Environment, Safety, and Health, Office of
Established by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 570). Abolished by Secretary of Energy memorandum 2006007929 of Aug. 30, 2006, and functions transferred to Office of Health, Safety, and Security.
Environmental Science Services Administration
Established in the Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1965, effective July 13, 1965, by
consolidating Weather Bureau and Coast and Geodetic Survey. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970,
effective Oct. 3, 1970, and functions transferred to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Equal Employment Opportunity, President’s Committee on
Established by EO 10925 of Mar. 6, 1961. Abolished by EO 11246 of Sept. 24, 1965, and functions
transferred to the Department of Labor and U.S. Civil Service Commission.
Equal Opportunity, President’s Council on
Established by EO 11197 of Feb. 5, 1965. Abolished by EO 11247 of Sept. 24, 1965, and functions
transferred to the Department of Justice.
Equipment, Bureau of
Established as Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting by act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), replacing Bureau
of Construction, Equipment and Repairs. Designated as Bureau of Equipment in annual appropriation acts
commencing with fiscal year 1892 (26 Stat. 192) after cognizance over enlisted personnel matters
transferred, effective July 1, 1889, to Bureau of Navigation. Functions distributed among bureaus and
offices in the Department of the Navy by act of June 24, 1910 (61 Stat. 613). Abolished by act of June 30,
1914 (38 Stat. 408).
Ethics, Office of Government
Established in the Office of Personnel Management by act of Oct. 26, 1978 (92 Stat. 1862). Became a
separate executive agency status by act of Nov. 3, 1988 (102 Stat. 3031).
European Migration, Intergovernmental Committee for
Renamed Intergovernmental Committee for Migration by Resolution 624, passed by Intergovernmental
Committee for European Migration Council, effective Nov. 11, 1980.

Evacuation, Joint Committee on See Health and Welfare Aspects of Evacuation of Civilians, Joint Committee on
Exchange Service, International
Established in 1849 in Smithsonian Institution. Renamed Office of Publications Exchange by Secretary’s
internal directive of Jan. 11, 1985.
Executive Branch of the Government, Commission on Organization of the
Established by act of July 7, 1947 (61 Stat. 246). Terminated June 12, 1949, pursuant to terms of act.
Second Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government established by act of July
10, 1953 (67 Stat. 142). Terminated June 30, 1955, pursuant to terms of act.
Executive Council
Established by EO 6202–A of July 11, 1933. Consolidated with National Emergency Council by EO 6889–A
of Oct. 29, 1934.
Executive Exchange, President’s Commission on See Personnel Interchange, President’s Commission on
Executive orders See State, Department of
Executive Organization, President’s Advisory Council on
Established by President on Apr. 5, 1969. Terminated May 7, 1971.
Executive Protective Service See Secret Service Division
Executives, Active Corps of
Established in ACTION by act of Oct. 1, 1973 (87 Stat. 404). Transferred to Small Business Administration
by EO 11871 of July 18, 1975.
Export Administration, Bureau of
Established as a separate agency within the Department of Commerce on Oct. 1, 1987 (50 USC app. 2401
et seq.). Renamed Bureau of Industry and Security by Department of Commerce internal organization
order of Apr. 18, 2002 (67 FR 20630).
Export Control, Administrator of
Functions delegated to Administrator by Proc. 2413 of July 2, 1940, transferred to Office of Export Control,
Economic Defense Board, by EO 8900 of Sept. 15, 1941. Renamed Board of Economic Warfare by EO 8982
of Dec. 17, 1941. Board terminated by EO 9361 of July 15, 1943.
Export Control, Office of See Export Control, Administrator of
Export-Import Bank of the United States
Bank’s charter expired on June 30, 2015. Reauthorized by act of Dec. 4, 2015 (129 Stat. 1768).
Export-Import Bank of Washington
Organization of District of Columbia banking corporation directed by EO 6581 of Feb. 2, 1934. Certificate
of incorporation filed Feb. 12, 1934. Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg.
Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb.
24, 1942. Functions transferred to Office of Economic Warfare by EO 9361 of July 15, 1943. Established as
permanent independent agency by act of July 31, 1945 (59 Stat. 526). Renamed Export-Import Bank of the
U.S. by act of Mar. 13, 1968 (82 Stat. 47).
Export-Import Bank of Washington, DC, Second
Authorized by EO 6638 of Mar. 9, 1934. Abolished by EO 7365 of May 7, 1936, and records transferred to
Export-Import Bank of Washington, effective June 30, 1936.

Export Marketing Service
Established by the Secretary of Agriculture Mar. 28, 1969. Merged with Foreign Agricultural Service by
Secretary’s memorandum of Dec. 7, 1973, effective Feb. 3, 1974.
Exports and Requirements, Division of
Established in Office of Foreign Economic Coordination by the Department of State order of Feb. 1, 1943.
Abolished by departmental order of Nov. 6, 1943, pursuant to EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943.
Extension Service
Established by act of May 14, 1914 (38 Stat. 372). Consolidated into Science and Education Administration
by Secretary’s order of Jan. 24, 1978. Reestablished as Extension Service by Secretarial order of June 16,
1981. Became part of Cooperative State, Research, Education, and Extension Service under Department of
Agriculture’s reorganization in 1995.

F

TOP OF PAGE

Facts and Figures, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8922 of Oct. 24, 1941. Consolidated with Office of
War Information in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942.
Family Security Committee
Established in Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services Feb. 12, 1941, by administrative order.
Terminated Dec. 17, 1942.
Family Services, Bureau of See Assistance, Bureau of Public
Family Support Administration
Established on Apr. 4, 1986, in the Department of Health and Human Services under authority of section 6
of Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953, effective Apr. 11, 1953 (see also 51 FR 11641). Merged into
Administration for Children and Families by Secretary’s reorganization notice dated Apr. 15, 1991.
Farm Board, Federal
Established by act of June 15, 1929 (46 Stat. 11). Renamed Farm Credit Administration and certain
functions abolished by EO 6084 of Mar. 27, 1933. Administration placed under the Department of
Agriculture by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Made independent agency in the executive
branch of the Government, to be housed in the Department of Agriculture, by act of Aug. 6, 1953 (67 Stat.
390). Removed from the Department of Agriculture by act of Dec. 10, 1971 (85 Stat. 617).
Farm Credit Administration See Farm Board, Federal
Farm Loan Board, Federal
Established in the Department of the Treasury to administer act of July 17, 1916 (39 Stat. 360). Offices of
appointed members of Board, except member designated as Farm Loan Commissioner, abolished by EO
6084 of Mar. 27, 1933, and Board functions transferred to Farm Loan Commissioner, subject to
jurisdiction and control of Farm Credit Administration. Title changed to Land Bank Commissioner by act of
June 16, 1933. Abolished by act of Aug. 6, 1953 (67 Stat. 393).
Farm Loan Bureau, Federal
Established in the Department of the Treasury under supervision of Federal Farm Loan Board and charged
with execution of act of July 17, 1916 (39 Stat. 360). Transferred to Farm Credit Administration by EO 6084
of Mar. 27, 1933.
Farm Loan Commissioner See Farm Loan Board, Federal

Farm Mortgage Corporation, Federal
Established by act of Jan. 31, 1934 (48 Stat. 344). Transferred to the Department of Agriculture by Reorg.
Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, to operate under supervision of Farm Credit Administration.
Abolished by act of Oct. 4, 1961 (75 Stat. 773).
Farm Products, Division of (Also known as Division of Agriculture)
Established by Advisory Commission to Council of National Defense pursuant to act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39
Stat. 649). Office of Agricultural Defense Relations (later known as Office for Agricultural War Relations)
established in the Department of Agriculture by Presidential letter of May 5, 1941, which transferred to
the Secretary of Agriculture functions previously assigned to Division of Agriculture. Functions concerned
with food production transferred to Food Production Administration and functions concerned with food
distribution transferred to Food Distribution Administration by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942.
Farm Security Administration See Resettlement Administration
Farm Service Agency
Established by Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994, under authority of the act of Oct.
13, 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6901), and assumed certain functions of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation
Service, the Farmers’ Home Administration, and the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation. Renamed
Consolidated Farm Service Agency by Acting Administrator on Dec. 19, 1994.
Farmer Cooperative Service
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Dec. 4, 1953. Consolidated with
other Department of Agriculture units into Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service by Secretary’s
Memorandum 1927, effective Dec. 23, 1977.
Farmers’ Home Administration. See Resettlement Administration
Federal. See also other part of title
Federal Advisory Council
Established in Federal Security Agency by act of June 6, 1933 (48 Stat. 116). Transferred to the
Department of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949, effective Aug. 20, 1949.
Federal Detention Trustee, Office of the
Transferred to the United States Marshals Service by the Attorney General on November 26, 2012.
Federal Register, Administrative Committee of the See Archives Establishment, National
Federal Register, Division of the
Established by act of July 26, 1935 (49 Stat. 500). Transferred to General Services Administration as part of
National Archives and Records Service by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 381). Renamed Office of the
Federal Register by order of General Services Administrator, Feb. 6, 1959. Transferred to National
Archives and Records Administration by act of Oct. 19, 1984 (98 Stat. 2283).
Federal Register, Office of the See Federal Register, Division of the
Federal Reserve Board
Renamed Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and Governor and Vice Governor designated
as Chairman and Vice Chairman, respectively, of Board by act of Aug. 23, 1935 (49 Stat. 704).
Federal Tax Reform, President’s Advisory Panel on
Established by EO 13369 of Jan. 7, 2005. Abolished by EO 13446 of Sept. 28, 2007.
Field Services, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Feb. 1, 1963, by Department Organization Order 40–3.

Terminated by Department Organization Order 40–1A of Sept. 15, 1970, and functions transferred to
Bureau of Domestic Commerce.
Filipino Rehabilitation Commission
Established by act of June 29, 1944 (58 Stat. 626). Inactive pursuant to terms of act.
Film Service, U.S.
Established by National Emergency Council in September 1938. Transferred to Office of Education, Federal
Security Agency, by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Terminated June 30, 1940.
Films, Coordinator of Government
Director of Office of Government Reports designated Coordinator of Government Films by Presidential
letter of Dec. 18, 1941. Functions transferred to Office of War Information by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942.
Financial Capability, President's Advisory Council on
Established by EO 13530 of January 29, 2010. Terminated on January 29, 2013 by sec. 3 of EO 13591 of
November 11, 2011.
Financial Operations, Bureau of Government
Renamed Financial Management Service by Order 145–21 of the Secretary of the Treasury, effective Oct.
10, 1984.
Fire Administration, U.S. See Fire Prevention and Control Administration, National
Fire Council, Federal
Established by EO 7397 of June 20, 1936. Transferred July 1, 1939, to Federal Works Agency by EO 8194 of
July 6, 1939, with functions under direction of Federal Works Administrator. Transferred with Federal
Works Agency to General Services Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380). Transferred to
the Department of Commerce by EO 11654 of Mar. 13, 1972.
Fire Prevention and Control, National Academy for
Established in the Department of Commerce by act of Oct. 29, 1974 (88 Stat. 1537). Transferred to
Federal Emergency Management Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1978, effective Apr. 1, 1979.
Fire Prevention and Control Administration, National
Renamed U.S. Fire Administration by act of Oct. 5, 1978 (92 Stat. 932). Transferred to Federal
Emergency Management Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1978, effective Apr. 1, 1979.
Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, National Commission on
Established by EO 13531 of Feb. 18, 2010. Terminated 30 days after submission of final report to
President on January 31, 2011.
Fish Commission, U.S.
Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries established as head of U.S. Fish Commission by joint resolution of Feb.
9, 1871 (16 Stat. 594). Commission established as Bureau of Fisheries in Department of Commerce and
Labor by act of Feb. 14, 1903 (32 Stat. 827). Department of Labor created by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat.
736), and Bureau remained in the Department of Commerce. Transferred to the Department of the
Interior by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Consolidated with Bureau of Biological Survey
into Fish and Wildlife Service by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Fish and Wildlife Service
Established by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, consolidating Bureau of Fisheries and
Bureau of Biological Survey. Succeeded by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Fisheries, Bureau of See Fish Commission, U.S.

Fisheries, Bureau of Commercial
Organized in 1959 under U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Department of the Interior. Abolished by
Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, effective Oct. 3, 1970, and functions transferred to National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration.
Fishery Coordination, Office of
Established in the Department of the Interior by EO 9204 of July 21, 1942. Terminated by EO 9649 of Oct.
29, 1945.
Flood Indemnity Administration, Federal
Established in Housing and Home Finance Agency by Administrator’s Organizational Order 1, effective
Sept. 28, 1956, redesignated as Administrator’s Organizational Order 2 on Dec. 7, 1956, pursuant to act of
Aug. 7, 1956 (70 Stat. 1078). Abolished by Administrator’s Organizational Order 3, effective July 1, 1957,
due to lack of funding.
Flood Protection Structure Accreditation Task Force
Established by act of July 6, 2012 (126 Stat. 942). Terminated upon submission of final report no later than
July 6, 2013.
Food, Cost of Living Council Committee on
Established by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973. Abolished by EO 11788 of June 18, 1974.
Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration
Established by act of Jan. 18, 1927 (44 Stat. 1002). Renamed Food and Drug Administration by act of May
27, 1930 (46 Stat. 422). Transferred from the Department of Agriculture to Federal Security Agency by
Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Transferred to Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, effective Apr. 11, 1953.
Food Distribution Administration
Established in the Department of Agriculture by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942, consolidating Agricultural
Marketing Administration, Sugar Agency, distribution functions of Office for Agricultural War Relations,
regulatory work of Bureau of Animal Industry, and food units of War Production Board. Consolidated with
other agencies by EO 9322 of Mar. 26, 1943, to form Administration of Food Production and Distribution.
Food and Drug Administration See Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration
Food Industry Advisory Committee
Established by EO 11627 of Oct. 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11781 of May 1, 1974.
Food and Nutrition Service
Established Aug. 8, 1969, by Secretary of Agriculture under authority of 5 U.S.C. 301 and Reorg. Plan No. 2
of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.). Abolished by Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994. Functions
assumed by Food and Consumer Service.
Food Production Administration
Established in the Department of Agriculture by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942, which consolidated Agricultural
Adjustment Agency, Farm Credit Administration, Farm Security Administration, Federal Crop Insurance
Corporation, Soil Conservation Service, and food production activities of War Production Board, Office of
Agricultural War Relations, and Division of Farm Management and Costs, Bureau of Agricultural
Economics. Consolidated with other agencies by EO 9322 of Mar. 26, 1943, to form Administration of Food
Production and Distribution.
Food Production and Distribution, Administration of
Established by consolidation of Food Production Administration, Food Distribution Administration,
Commodity Credit Corporation, and Extension Service, Department of Agriculture, by EO 9322 of Mar. 26,
1943, under direction of Administrator, directly responsible to President. Renamed War Food

Administration by EO 9334 of Apr. 19, 1943. Terminated by EO 9577 of June 29, 1945, and functions
transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture. Transfer made permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946,
effective July 16, 1946.
Food Safety and Quality Service
Renamed Food Safety and Inspection Service by Agriculture Secretary’s memorandum of June 19, 1981.
Foods, Bureau of
Renamed Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition by Food and Drug Administration notice of Mar. 9,
1984 (49 FR 10166).
Foreign. See also other part of title
Foreign Aid, Advisory Committee on Voluntary
Established by President May 14, 1946. Transferred from the Department of State to the Director of the
Mutual Security Agency, and later to Director of the Foreign Operations Administration, by Presidential
letter of June 1, 1953.
Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, President’s
Established by EO 12863 of Sept. 13, 1993. Abolished by EO 13462 of Feb. 29, 2008.
Foreign Operations Administration
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1953, effective Aug. 1, 1953, and functions transferred from Office of
Director of Mutual Security, Mutual Security Agency, Technical Cooperation Administration, Institute of
Inter-American Affairs. Abolished by EO 10610 of May 9, 1955, and functions and offices transferred to
the Departments of State and Defense.
Foreign Scholarships, Board of
Renamed J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board by act of Feb. 16, 1990 (104 Stat. 49).
Forest Reservation Commission, National
Established by act of Mar. 1, 1911 (36 Stat. 962). Terminated by act of Oct. 22, 1976 (90 Stat. 2961), and
functions transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture.
Forests, Director of
Established by Administrative Order 1283 of May 18, 1938. Made part of Office of Land Utilization,
Department of the Interior, by Administrative Order 1466 of Apr. 15, 1940.
Freedmen’s Hospital
Established by act of Mar. 3, 1871 (16 Stat. 506; T. 32 of D.C. Code). Transferred from the Department of
the Interior to Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Fuel Yards
Established by act of July 1, 1918 (40 Stat. 672). Transferred from Bureau of Mines, Department of
Commerce, to Procurement Division, Department of the Treasury, by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, effective
Mar. 2, 1934.
Fuels Coordinator for War, Office of Solid See Fuels Administration for War, Solid
Fuels Corporation, U.S. Synthetic
Established by act of June 30, 1980 (94 Stat. 636). Terminated Apr. 18, 1986, by act of Dec. 19, 1985 (99
Stat. 1249), and functions transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury.

Fund-Raising Within the Federal Service, President’s Committee on
Established by EO 10728 of Sept. 6, 1957. Abolished by EO 10927 of Mar. 18, 1961, and functions

transferred to U.S. Civil Service Commission.

G

TOP OF PAGE

Gallaudet College See Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind
General Programs, Office of
Renamed Office of Public Programs by the Chairman, National Endowment for the Humanities, in January
1991.
Geographic Board, U.S.
Established by EO 27–A of Sept. 4, 1890. Abolished by EO 6680 of Apr. 17, 1935, and duties transferred to
U.S. Board on Geographical Names, Department of the Interior, effective June 17, 1934. Board abolished
by act of July 25, 1947 (61 Stat. 457), and duties assumed by Board on Geographic Names.
Geographical Names, U.S. Board on See Geographic Board, U.S.
Geography, Office of
Function of standardizing foreign place names placed in the Department of the Interior conjointly with the
Board on Geographic Names by act of July 25, 1947 (61 Stat. 456). Functions transferred to the
Department of Defense by memorandum of understanding by the Departments of the Interior and
Defense and the Bureau of the Budget Mar. 9, 1968.
Geological Survey
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of Mar. 3, 1879 (20 Stat. 394). Renamed United States
Geological Survey by acts of Nov. 13, 1991 (105 Stat. 1000) and May 18, 1992 (106 Stat. 172).
Germany, Mixed Claims Commission, U.S. and
Established by agreement of Aug. 10, 1922, between U.S. and Germany. Duties extended by agreement of
Dec. 31, 1928. Time limit for filing claims expired June 30, 1928. All claims disposed of by Oct. 30, 1939.
Terminated June 30, 1941.
Global Communications, Office of
Established within the White House Office by EO 13283 of Jan. 21, 2003. Abolished by EO 13385 of Sept.
29, 2005
Global Health Affairs, Office of
Renamed Office o f Global Affairs by Secretary of Health and Human Services notice of June 22, 2011 (76
FR 36539).
Goethals Memorial Commission
Established by act of Aug. 4, 1935 (49 Stat. 743). Placed under jurisdiction of Department of War by EO
8191 of July 5, 1939.
Government. See other part of title
Grain Futures Administration
Established in the Department of Agriculture under provisions of act of Sept. 21, 1922 (42 Stat. 998).
Superseded by Commodity Exchange Administration by order of Secretary, effective July 1, 1936.
Consolidated with other agencies into Commodity Exchange Branch, Agricultural Marketing
Administration, by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942. Functions transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture by EO
9577 of June 29, 1945. Transfer made permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.
Functions transferred to Commodity Exchange Authority by Secretary’s Memorandum 1185 of Jan. 21,
1947. Functions transferred to Commodity Futures Trading Commission by act of Oct. 23, 1974 (88 Stat.

1414).
Grain Inspection Service, Federal
Established in the Department of Agriculture by act of Oct. 21, 1976 (90 Stat. 2868). Abolished by
Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994, and program authority and functions transferred
to the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration.
Grain Stabilization Corporation
Organized as Delaware corporation to operate in connection with Federal Farm Board pursuant to act of
June 15, 1929 (46 Stat. 11). Terminated by filing of certificate of dissolution with Corporation Commission
of State of Delaware Dec. 14, 1935.
Grant Administration, Office of
Transferred from the Office of the General Council to the Deputy Director, U.S. Trade and Development
Agency by administrative order of Apr. 25, 2007.
Grants and Program Systems, Office of
Abolished and functions transferred to Cooperative State Research Service, Department of Agriculture, by
Secretarial Memorandum 1020–26 of July 1, 1986.
Grazing Service
Consolidated with General Land Office into Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior, by
Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.
Great Lakes Basin Commission
Established by EO 11345 of Apr. 20, 1967. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Great Lakes Pilotage Administration
Established in the Department of Commerce to administer act of June 30, 1960 (74 Stat. 259).
Administration of act transferred to the Secretary of Transportation by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931).
Greening the Government through Waste Prevention and Recycling, Steering Committee
Established by EO 13101 of Sept. 14, 1998. Abolished by EO 13423 of Jan. 24, 2007.
Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council Task Force
Established by EO 13554 of Oct. 5, 2010. Terminated by EO 13626 of Sept. 10, 2012.

H

TOP OF PAGE

Handicapped, National Center on Education Media and Materials for the
Established by agreement between the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and Ohio State
University, pursuant to acts of Aug. 20, 1969 (83 Stat. 102) and Apr. 13, 1970 (84 Stat. 187). Authorization
deleted by act of Nov. 29, 1975 (89 Stat. 795), and the Secretary was authorized to enter into agreements
with non-Federal organizations to establish and operate centers for handicapped.
Handicapped, National Council on the
Established in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare by act of Nov. 6, 1978 (92 Stat. 2977).
Transferred to the Department of Education by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 677). Reorganized as
independent agency by act of Feb. 22, 1984 (98 Stat. 26).
Handicapped Employees, Interagency Committee on
Alternately renamed Interagency Committee on Employment of People with Disabilities by EO 12704 of
Feb. 26, 1990.

Handicapped Individuals, White House Conference on
Established by act of Dec. 7, 1974 (88 Stat. 1617). Terminated Dec. 30, 1977, pursuant to terms of act.
Handicapped Research, National Institute of
Renamed National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research by act of Oct. 21, 1986 (100 Stat.
1820).
Health, Cost of Living Council Committee on
Established by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973. Abolished by EO 11788 of June 18, 1974.
Health, Education, and Welfare, Department of
Established by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective Apr. 11, 1953. Renamed
Department of Health and Human Services by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 695).
Health, Welfare, and Related Defense Activities, Office of the Coordinator of
Federal Security Administrator designated as Coordinator of health, welfare, and related fields of activity
affecting national defense, including aspects of education under Federal Security Agency, by Council of
National Defense, with approval of President, Nov. 28, 1940. Office of Coordinator superseded by Office
of Defense Health and Welfare Services, established in Office for Emergency Services by EO 8890 of Sept.
3, 1941.
Health Care Technology, National Council on
Established by act of July 1, 1944, as amended (92 Stat. 3447). Renamed Council on Health Care
Technology by act of Oct. 30, 1984 (98 Stat. 2820). Name lowercased by act of Oct. 7, 1985 (99 Stat. 493).
Terminated by act of Dec. 19, 1989 (103 Stat. 2205).
Health Facilities, Financing, Compliance, and Conversion, Bureau of
Renamed Bureau of Health Facilities by Department of Health and Human Services Secretarial order of
Mar. 12, 1980 (45 FR 17207).
Health Industry Advisory Committee
Established by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973. Abolished by EO 11781 of May 1, 1974.
Health Manpower, Bureau of
Renamed Bureau of Health Professions by Department of Health and Human Services Secretarial order of
Mar. 12, 1980 (45 FR 17207).
Health and Medical Committee
Established by Council of National Defense order of Sept. 19, 1940. Transferred to Federal Security Agency
by Council order approved by President Nov. 28, 1940. Reestablished in Office of Defense Health and
Welfare Services, Office for Emergency Management, by EO 8890 of Sept. 3, 1941. Committee transferred
to Federal Security Agency by EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943.
Health Reform, White House Office of
Established by EO 13507 of April 8, 2009. Revoked by EO 13569 of April 5, 2011.
Health Resources Administration
Established in Public Health Service. Abolished by Department of Health and Human Services Secretarial
reorganization of Aug. 20, 1982 (47 FR 38409), and functions transferred to Health Resources and Services
Administration.
Health Service, Public
Originated by act of July 16, 1798 (1 Stat. 605). Transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the
Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.

Health Services Administration
Established in Public Health Service. Abolished by Department of Health and Human Services Secretarial
reorganization of Aug. 20, 1982 (47 FR 38409), and functions transferred to Health Resources and Services
Administration.
Health Services Industry, Committee on the
Established by EO 11627 of Oct. 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973.
Health Services and Mental Health Administration
Established in Public Health Service Apr. 1, 1968. Abolished by Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare reorganization order and functions transferred to Centers for Disease Control, Health Resources
Administration, and Health Services Administration, effective July 1, 1973.
Health Services Research, National Center for
Established by act of July 23, 1974 (88 Stat. 363). Transferred from Health Resources Administration to
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health by Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
reorganization, effective Dec. 2, 1977. Renamed National Center for Health Services Research and Health
Care Technology Assessment by Secretary’s order, pursuant to act of Oct. 30, 1984 (98 Stat. 2817).
Terminated by act of Dec. 19, 1989 (103 Stat. 2205).
Health Statistics, National Center for
Established by act of July 23, 1974 (88 Stat. 363). Transferred from Health Resources Administration to
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
reorganization, effective Dec. 2, 1977. Transferred to Centers for Disease Control by Secretary’s notice of
Apr. 2, 1987 (52 FR 13318).
Health and Welfare Activities, Interdepartmental Committee to Coordinate
Appointed by President Aug. 15, 1935, and reestablished by EO 7481 of Oct. 27, 1936. Terminated in
1939.
Health and Welfare Aspects of Evacuation of Civilians, Joint Committee on
Established August 1941 as joint committee of Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services and Office of
Civilian Defense. Reorganized in June 1942 and renamed Joint Committee on Evacuation. Office of Defense
Health and Welfare Services abolished by EO 9388 of Apr. 29, 1943, and functions transferred to Federal
Security Agency. Committee terminated.
Heart and Lung Institute, National
Renamed National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute by act of Apr. 22, 1976 (90 Stat. 402).
Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service
Established by the Secretary of the Interior Jan. 25, 1978. Abolished by Secretarial Order 3060 of Feb. 19,
1981, and functions transferred to National Park Service.
Hemispheric Defense Studies, Center for
Established by Department of Defense Directive 3200.12 of Sept. 3, 1997. Abolished by act of Oct. 17,
2006 (120 Stat. 2353).
Highway Safety Agency, National
Established in the Department of Commerce by act of Sept. 9, 1966 (80 Stat. 731). Functions transferred
to the Department of Transportation by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931). Functions transferred to
National Highway Safety Bureau by EO 11357 of June 6, 1967. Bureau renamed National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration by act of Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1739).
Highway Safety Bureau, National See Highway Safety Agency, National
Home Economics, Bureau of Human Nutrition and See Home Economics, Office of

Home Economics, Office of
Renamed Bureau of Home Economics by Secretary’s Memorandum 436, effective July 1, 1923, pursuant to
act of Feb. 26, 1923 (42 Stat. 1289). Redesignated Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics
February 1943 in accordance with Research Administration Memorandum 5 issued pursuant to EO 9069
of Feb. 23, 1942, and in conformity with Secretary’s Memorandums 960 and 986. Functions transferred to
Agricultural Research Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Home Loan Bank Administration, Federal See Home Loan Bank Board, Federal
Home Loan Bank Board See Home Loan Bank Board, Federal
Home Loan Bank Board, Federal
Established by acts of July 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 725), June 13, 1933 (48 Stat. 128), and June 27, 1934 (48 Stat.
1246). Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective
July 1, 1939. Functions transferred to Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, National Housing Agency,
by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 3, effective July 27, 1947, and functions
transferred to Home Loan Bank Board, Housing and Home Finance Agency. Renamed Federal Home Loan
Bank Board and made independent agency by act of Aug. 11, 1955 (69 Stat. 640). Abolished by act of Aug.
9, 1989 (103 Stat. 354, 415), and functions transferred to Office of Thrift Supervision, Resolution Trust
Corporation, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and Federal Housing Finance Board. (See also Thrift
Supervision, Office of).
Home Loan Bank System, Federal
Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939. Functions transferred to Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, National Housing Agency, by EO
9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Transferred to Housing and Home Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947,
effective July 27, 1947.
Home Mortgage Credit Extension Committee, National Voluntary
Established by act of Aug. 2, 1954 (68 Stat 638). Terminated Oct. 1, 1965, pursuant to terms of act.
Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
Established by act of June 13, 1933 (48 Stat. 128), under supervision of Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939. Transferred to Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of
Feb. 24, 1942. Board of Directors abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947, and
functions transferred, for liquidation of assets, to Home Loan Bank Board, Housing and Home Finance
Agency. Terminated by order of Secretary of the Home Loan Bank Board, effective Feb. 3, 1954, pursuant
to act of June 30, 1953 (67 Stat. 121).
Homesteads, Division of Subsistence
Established by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 205). Secretary of the Interior authorized to administer
section 208 of act by EO 6209 of July 21, 1933. Federal Subsistence Homesteads Corporation created by
Secretary’s order of Dec. 2, 1933, and organization incorporated under laws of Delaware. Transferred to
Resettlement Administration by EO 7041 of May 15, 1935.
Homesteads Corporation, Federal Subsistence See Homesteads, Division of Subsistence
Hospitalization, Board of Federal
Organized Nov. 1, 1921. Designated as advisory agency to Bureau of the Budget May 7, 1943. Terminated
June 30, 1948, by Director’s letter of May 28, 1948.
Housing, President’s Committee on Equal Opportunity in
Established by EO 11063 of Nov. 20, 1962. Inactive as of June 30, 1968.
Housing Administration, Federal

Established by act of June 27, 1934 (48 Stat. 1246). Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan
Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions transferred to Federal Housing
Administration, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Transferred to Housing and Home
Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3, effective July 27, 1947. Functions transferred to the Department of
Housing and Urban Development by act of Sept. 9, 1965 (79 Stat. 667).
Housing Administration, Public
Established as constituent agency of Housing and Home Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947,
effective July 27, 1947. Functions transferred to the Department of Housing and Urban Development by
act of Sept. 9, 1965 (79 Stat. 667).
Housing Agency, National
Established by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942, to consolidate housing functions relating to Federal Home Loan
Bank Board, Federal Home Loan Bank System, Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, Home
Owners’ Loan Corporation, U.S. Housing Corporation, Federal Housing Administration, U.S. Housing
Authority, Defense Homes Corporation, Division of Defense Housing Coordination, Central Housing
Committee, Farm Security Administration with respect to nonfarm housing, Public Buildings
Administration, Division of Defense Housing, Mutual Ownership Defense Housing Division, Office of
Administrator of Federal Works Agency, and the Departments of War and the Navy with respect to
housing located off military installations. Agency dissolved on creation of Housing and Home Finance
Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947.
Housing Authority, Federal Public
Established by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Public housing functions of Federal Works Agency, the
Departments of War and the Navy (except housing located on military installations), and Farm Security
Administration (nonfarm housing) transferred to Authority, and Defense Homes Corporation administered
by the Commissioner of the Authority’. Functions transferred to Public Housing Administration, Housing
and Home Finance Agency, by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947.
Housing Authority, U.S.
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of Sept. 1, 1937 (50 Stat. 888). Transferred to Federal
Works Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to Federal Public Housing
Authority, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Office of Administrator abolished by
Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947, and functions transferred to Public Housing
Administration, Housing and Home Finance Agency.
Housing Corporation, U.S.
Incorporated July 10, 1918, under laws of New York. Transferred from the Department of Labor to the
Department of the Treasury by EO 7641 of June 22, 1937. Transferred from the Department of the
Treasury to the Public Buildings Administration, Federal Works Agency, by EO 8186 of June 29, 1939.
Functions transferred for liquidation to Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, National Housing
Agency, by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Terminated Sept. 8, 1952, by the Secretary of the Home Loan Bank
Board.
Housing Council, National
Established in Housing and Home Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947.
Terminated by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1965, effective July 27, 1965, and functions transferred to President.
Housing Division
Established in Public Works Administration by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 195). Functions transferred to
U.S. Housing Authority by EO 7732 of Oct. 27, 1937.
Housing Enterprise Oversight, Office of Federal
Office and positions of Director and Deputy Director established within the Department of Housing and
Urban Development by the act of October 28, 1992 (106 Stat. 3944). Abolished by the act of July 30, 2008
(122 Stat. 2794), and functions, personnel, and property transferred to Federal Housing Finance Agency.

Housing Expediter, Office of the
Established in Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion by Presidential letter of Dec. 12, 1945, to
Housing Expediter. Functions of Housing Expediter defined by EO 9686 of Jan. 26, 1946. Housing Expediter
confirmed in position of National Housing Administrator Feb. 6, 1946. Office of the Housing Expediter
established by act of May 22, 1946 (60 Stat. 208). Functions of Office and National Housing Administrator
segregated by EO 9820 of Jan. 11, 1947. Housing functions of Civilian Production Administration
transferred to Office by EO 9836 of Mar. 22, 1947, effective Apr. 1, 1947. Rent control functions of Office
of Temporary Controls transferred to Office by EO 9841 of Apr. 23, 1947. Office terminated by EO 10276
of July 31, 1951, and functions transferred to Economic Stabilization Agency.
Housing Finance Board, Federal
Established by the act of August 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 354, 415), and certain functions transferred from
Federal Home Loan Bank Board. Abolished by the act of July 30, 2008 (122 Stat. 2797), and functions,
personnel, and property transferred to Federal Housing Finance Agency.
Housing and Home Finance Agency
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947. Terminated by act of Sept. 9, 1965 (79
Stat. 667), and functions transferred to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Howard University
Established by act of Mar. 2, 1867 (14 Stat. 438). Functions of the Department of the Interior transferred
to Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Functions of the
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare transferred to the Department of Education by act of Oct.
17, 1979 (93 Stat. 678).
Human Development, Office of
Established in Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Renamed Office of Human Development
Services and component units transferred to or reorganized under new administrations in Office by
Secretary’s reorganization order of July 26, 1977. Merged into the Administration for Children and
Families by Secretary of Health and Human Services reorganization notice dated Apr. 15, 1991.
Human Development Services, Office of See Human Development, Office of
Human Embryo Stem Cell Registry
Approved by Presidential announcement of Aug. 9, 2001 and established through National Institute of
Health’s Departmental Notice NOT-OD-01-058 of Aug. 27, 2001. Renamed Human Pluripotent Stem Cell
Registry by EO 13435 of June 20, 2007.
Hydrographic Office
Jurisdiction transferred from Bureau of Navigation to Chief of Naval Operations by EO 9126 of Apr. 8,
1942, and by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946. Renamed U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office
by act of July 10, 1962 (76 Stat. 154).

I

TOP OF PAGE

Imagery and Mapping Agency, National
Established by act of Sept. 23, 1996 (110 Stat. 2677). Renamed National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency by
act of Nov. 24, 2003 (117 Stat. 1568).
Imagery Office, Central
Established as a Department of Defense agency on May 6, 1992. Functions transferred to National
Imagery and Mapping Agency by act of Sept. 23, 1996 (110 Stat. 2677).

Immigration, Bureau of
Established as branch of the Department of the Treasury by act of Mar. 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1085).
Transferred to Department of Commerce and Labor by act of Feb. 14, 1903 (34 Stat. 596). Made Bureau of
Immigration and Naturalization by act of June 29, 1906 (37 Stat. 736). Made separate division after the
Department of Labor created by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736). Consolidated into Immigration and
Naturalization Service, Department of Labor, by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Transferred to the Department
of Justice by Reorg. Plan No. V of 1940, effective June 14, 1940. Abolished by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116
Stat. 2205) and functions transferred to Homeland Security Department.
Immigration, Commissioners of
Offices of commissioners of immigration of the several ports created by act of Aug. 18, 1894 (28 Stat.
391). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, and functions transferred to
Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, Department of Labor.
Immigration and Naturalization, Bureau of See Immigration, Bureau of
Immigration and Naturalization, District Commissioner of
Created by act of Aug. 18, 1894 (28 Stat. 391). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30,
1940. Functions administered by the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, Department of
Justice, through district immigration and naturalization directors.
Immigration and Naturalization Service See Immigration, Bureau of
Import Programs, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Feb. 14, 1971. Functions transferred to Domestic and
International Business Administration, effective Nov. 17, 1972.
Indian Claims Commission
Established by act of Aug. 13, 1946 (60 Stat. 1049). Terminated by act of Oct. 8, 1976 (90 Stat. 1990), and
pending cases transferred to U.S. Court of Claims Sept. 30, 1978.
Indian Commissioners, Board of
Established by section 2039, Revised Statutes. Abolished by EO 6145 of May 25, 1933.
Indian Education Programs, Office of
Established within the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior, by act of June 23, 1972 (86
Stat. 343). Renamed Bureau of Indian Education by Departmental Manual Release No. 3721 of Aug. 29,
2006.
Indian Medical Facilities
Functions transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare, to be administered by the Surgeon General of Public Health Service, by act of Aug. 5, 1954 (68
Stat. 674).
Indian Opportunity, National Council on
Established by EO 11399 of Mar. 6, 1968. Terminated Nov. 26, 1974, by act of Nov. 26, 1969 (83 Stat.
220).
Indian Policy Review Commission, American
Established by act of Jan. 2, 1975 (88 Stat. 1910). Terminated June 30, 1977, pursuant to terms of act.
Industrial Analysis, Committee of
Established by EO 7323 of Mar. 21, 1936. Terminated Feb. 17, 1937.

Industrial Cooperation, Coordinator for
Established by EO 7193 of Sept. 26, 1935. Continued by EO 7324 of Mar. 30, 1936. Terminated June 30,
1937.
Industrial Emergency Committee
Established by EO 6770 of June 30, 1934. Consolidated with National Emergency Council by EO 6889–A of
Oct. 29, 1934.
Industrial Pollution Control Council Staff, National
Established by Department of Commerce Organization Order 35–3 of June 17, 1970. Staff abolished by
departmental organization order of Sept. 10, 1973. Council inactive.
Industrial Recovery Board, National
Established by EO 6859 of Sept. 27, 1934. Terminated by EO 7075 of June 15, 1935.
Industrial Recovery Board, Special
Established by EO 6173 of June 16, 1933. Functions absorbed by National Emergency Council under terms
of EO 6513 of Dec. 18, 1933.
Industrial Relations, Office of
Activated in the Department of the Navy Sept. 14, 1945. Superseded June 22, 1966, by creation of Office
of Civilian Manpower Management.
Industry and Trade Administration See Business and Defense Services Administration
Information, Committee for Reciprocity
Established by EO 6750 of June 27, 1934; reestablished by EO 10004 of Oct. 5, 1948, which revoked EO
6750. Superseded by EO 10082 of Oct. 5, 1949; abolished by EO 11075 of Jan. 15, 1963, which revoked EO
10082.
Information, Coordinator of
Established by Presidential order of July 11, 1941. Functions exclusive of foreign information activities
transferred by military order of June 13, 1942, to jurisdiction of Joint Chiefs of Staff, War Department, as
Office of Strategic Services. Foreign information functions transferred to Office of War Information by EO
9182 of June 13, 1942.
Information, Division of
Established pursuant to Presidential letter of Feb. 28, 1941, to Liaison Officer, Office of Emergency
Management. Abolished by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942. Functions relating to public information on war
effort transferred and consolidated with Office of War Information, and publication services relating to
specific agencies of OEM transferred to those agencies.
Information, Office of Coordinator of
Transferred, exclusive of foreign information activities, to Office of War Information by EO 9182 of June
13, 1942. Designated Office of Strategic Services and transferred to jurisdiction of Joint Chiefs of Staff by
military order of June 13, 1942. Terminated by EO 9621 of Sept. 20, 1945, and functions distributed to the
Departments of State and War.
Information Administration, International
Transferred from the Department of State to the U.S. Information Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 8 of 1953,
effective Aug. 1, 1953.
Information Agency, U.S.
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 8 of 1953, effective Aug. 1, 1953. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977,
effective Apr. 1, 1978; replaced by and functions transferred to International Communication Agency.
Redesignated U.S. Information Agency by act of Aug. 24, 1982 (96 Stat. 291). Abolished by act of Oct. 21,

1998 (112 Stat. 2681–761), and functions transferred to the Department of State, effective Oct. 1, 1999.
Information and Public Affairs, Office of
Merged with Office of Intergovernmental Affairs to form Office of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs by
Order 1–85 of June 5, 1985 of the Secretary of Labor.
Information Resources Management, Office of See Telecommunications Service, Automated Data
Information Resources Management Service
Established in the General Services Administration. Renamed Information Technology Service in 1995.
Information Security Committee, Interagency
Established by EO 12065 of June 28, 1978. Abolished by EO 12356 of Apr. 2, 1982.
Information Security Oversight Office
Established in General Services Administration by EO 12065 of June 28, 1978. EO 12065 revoked by EO
12356 of Apr. 2, 1982, which provided for continuation of Office.
Information Service, Government See Information Service, U.S.
Information Service, Interim International
Established in the Department of State by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945. Abolished Dec. 31, 1945, pursuant to
terms of order.
Information Service, U.S.
Established in March 1934 as division of National Emergency Council. Transferred to Office of Government
Reports by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Consolidated, along with other functions of
Office, into Division of Public Inquiries, Bureau of Special Services, Office of War Information, by EO 9182
of June 13, 1942. Bureau of Special Services renamed Government Information Service and transferred to
Bureau of the Budget by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945. Service transferred to Office of Government Reports by
EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946.
Information Systems Council
Established by EO 13356 of Aug. 27, 2004. Abolished by EO 13388 of Oct. 25, 2005 (70 FR 62025).
Information Technology Service
Established in General Services Administration. Abolished by General Services Administrative Order No.
5440.492, Aug. 21, 1996, and functions transferred to Federal Telecommunications Service.
Insane, Government Hospital for the
Established by act of Mar. 3, 1855 (10 Stat. 682). Renamed Saint Elizabeth’s Hospital by act of July 1, 1916
(39 Stat. 309). Transferred from the Department of the Interior to Federal Security Agency by Reorg. Plan
No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Transferred to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare by
Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, effective Apr. 11, 1953. Functions redelegated to National Institute of Mental
Health by Secretary’s reorganization order of Aug. 9, 1967. Property and administration transferred to
District of Columbia Government by act of Nov. 8, 1984 (98 Stat. 3369).
Installations, Director of
Established in the Department of Defense by act of July 14, 1952 (66 Stat. 625). Abolished by Reorg. Plan
No. 6 of 1953, effective June 30, 1953, and functions transferred to the Secretary of Defense.
Insular Affairs, Bureau of
Transferred from Department of War to Division of Territories and Island Possessions, the Department of
the Interior, by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.

Insurance Administrator, Federal
Established by act of Aug. 1, 1968 (82 Stat. 567). Functions transferred to Federal Emergency
Management Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1978, effective Apr. 1, 1979.
Integrity and Efficiency, President’s Council on
Established by EO 12301 of Mar. 26, 1981 (46 FR 19211). Abolished and reestablished by EO 12625 of Jan
27, 1988 (53 FR 2812). Abolished and reestablished by EO 12805 of May 11, 1992 (57 FR 20627).
Intelligence, Office of
Established within the Department of Energy by Public Law 106–65 of Oct. 5, 1999 (113 Stat. 955).
Merged with Office of Counterintelligence to form Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence by
memorandum of March 9, 2006 of the Secretary of Energy.
Intelligence Activities, President’s Board of Consultants on Foreign
Established by EO 10656 of Feb. 6, 1956. EO 10656 revoked by EO 10938 of May 4, 1961, and Board
terminated. Functions transferred to President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.
Intelligence Advisory Board, President’s Foreign
Established by EO 11460 of Mar. 20, 1969. Abolished by EO 11984 of May 4, 1977. Reestablished by EO
12331 of Oct. 20, 1981.
Intelligence Authority, National
Established by Presidential directive of Jan. 22, 1946. Terminated on creation of Central Intelligence
Agency under National Security Council by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 497).
Intelligence Group, Central
Terminated on creation of Central Intelligence Agency by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 497).
Intelligence Policy and Review, Office of
Transferred from the Criminal Division to the National Security Division by act of Mar. 9, 2006 (120 Stat.
249).
Inter-American Affairs, Institute of See American Republics, Office for Coordination of Commercial and Cultural
Relations between the

Inter-American Affairs, Office of See American Republics, Office for Coordination of Commercial and Cultural
Relations between the
Inter-American Affairs, Office of the Coordinator of See American Republics, Office for Coordination of
Commercial and Cultural Relations between the
Interagency. See other part of title
Interdepartmental. See also other part of title
Interdepartmental Advisory Council
Established January 1941 to advise Coordinator of Health, Welfare, and Related Defense Activities.
Terminated on creation of Office of Defense Health and Welfare Service Sept. 3, 1941.
Interest and Dividends, Committee on
Established by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973. Abolished by EO 11781 of May 1, 1974.
Intergovernmental Affairs, Office of
Merged with Office of Information and Public Affairs to form Office of Public and Intergovernmental
Affairs by Order 1–85 of June 5, 1985 of the Secretary of Labor. Renamed Office of Intergovernmental and

External Affairs by Secretary of Health and Human Services notice of July 19, 2011 (76 FR 42710).
Intergovernmental and Interagency Affairs, Office of
Abolished by decision of March 21, 2005 of the Secretary of Education under authority of section 413 of
the Department of Education Organization Act.
Intergovernmental and Public Liaison, Office of
Transferred to the Office of Legislative Affairs by the Attorney General on August 24, 2011.
Intergovernmental Relations, Advisory Commission on
Established by act of Sept. 24, 1959 (73 Stat. 703). Terminated pursuant to act of Nov. 19, 1995 (109 Stat.
480). Continued in existence by act of Oct. 19, 1996 (110 Stat. 4004).
Intergovernmental Relations, Commission on
Established by act of July 10, 1953 (67 Stat. 145). Final report submitted to Congress by June 30, 1955,
pursuant to act of Feb. 7, 1955 (69 Stat. 7).
Intergovernmental Relations, Office of
Established by EO 11455 of Feb. 14, 1969. Functions transferred to Domestic Council by EO 11690 of Dec.
14, 1972.
Interim Compliance Panel
Established by Dec. 30, 1969 (83 Stat. 774). Terminated June 30, 1976, pursuant to terms of act.
Internal Revenue Service
Functions relating to alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and explosives transferred to Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,
and Firearms by Department of Treasury order of July 1, 1972.
Internal Security Division
Established July 9, 1945, by transfer of functions from Criminal Division. Abolished Mar. 22, 1973, and
functions transferred to Criminal Division, Department of Justice.
International See also other part of title
International Activities, Office of
Renamed Office of Service and Protocol by Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution internal directive of
Jan. 11, 1985.
International Development, Agency for
Transferred from the Department of State to U.S. International Development Cooperation Agency by
Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1979, effective Oct. 1, 1979. Continued as agency within IDCA by IDCA Delegation of
Authority No. 1 of Oct. 1, 1979. By act of Oct. 21, 1998 (112 Stat. 2681–790), became independent
agency.
International Development Cooperation Agency, U.S.
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1979, effective Oct. 1, 1979. Abolished by act of Oct. 21, 1998 (112
Stat. 2681–790) and functions transferred to the Department of State, U.S. Agency for International
Development, and Overseas Private Investment Corporation.
Interstate Commerce Commission
Created by act of Feb. 4, 1887 (24 Stat. 379). Certain functions as cited in act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat.
931) transferred to the Secretary of Commerce. Functions relating to railroad and pipeline safety
transferred to Federal Railroad Administrator and motor carrier safety to Federal Highway Administrator
by act. Abolished by act of Dec. 29, 1995 (109 Stat. 932) and many functions transferred to the newly
created Surface Transportation Board within the Department of Transportation.

Investigation, Bureau of
Established by act of May 22, 1908 (35 Stat. 235). Functions consolidated with investigative functions of
Bureau of Prohibition, Division of Investigation, Department of Justice, by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933,
effective Mar. 2, 1934.
Investigation, Division of
Designated as Federal Bureau of Investigation in the Department of Justice by act of Mar. 22, 1935 (49
Stat. 77).
Investigation and Research, Board of
Established by act of Sept. 18, 1940 (54 Stat. 952). Extended to Sept. 18, 1944, by Proc. 2559 of June 26,
1942.
Investigations, Division of
Established by administrative order of Apr. 27, 1933. Abolished Jan. 17, 1942, by administrative order and
functions transferred to Branch of Field Examination, General Land Office, Department of the Interior.
Investments, Office of Foreign Direct
Established in the Department of Commerce Jan. 2, 1968, by Departmental Organization Order 25–3 to
carry out provisions of EO 11387 of Jan. 1, 1968. Controls on foreign investments terminated Jan. 29,
1974.
Iraq Reconstruction, Office of the Inspector General for
Established by act of Nov. 6, 2003 (117 Stat. 1234). Abolished by act of Oct. 17, 2006 (120 Stat. 2397).
Iraq Transition Assistance Office
Established by EO 13431 of May 8, 2007 (72 FR 26709). Personnel and administration transferred to Iraq
Strategic Partnership Office by EO 13541 of May 7, 2010 (75 FR 26879).

J

TOP OF PAGE

Jamestown-Williamsburg-Yorktown National Celebration Commission
Established by act of Aug. 13, 1953 (67 Stat. 576). Terminated upon submission of final report to Congress
Mar. 1, 1958.
Job Corps, Office of
Transferred from the Employment and Training Administration to the Office of the Secretary, U.S.
Department of Labor by act of Dec. 30, 2005 (119 Stat. 2842). Transferred from the Office of the
Secretary, U.S. Department of Labor to the Employment and Training Administration by act of Dec. 16,
2009 (123 Stat. 3238).
Joint. See also other part of title
Joint Resolutions of Congress See State, Department of
Judicial Procedure, Commission on International Rules of
Established by act of Sept. 2, 1958 (72 Stat. 1743). Terminated Dec. 31, 1966, by act of Aug. 30, 1964 (78
Stat. 700).
Justice Assistance, Research, and Statistics, Office of
Established in the Department of Justice by act of Dec. 27, 1979 (93 Stat. 1201). Abolished by act of Oct.
12, 1984 (98 Stat. 2091).

K

TOP OF PAGE

Kennedy, Commission To Report Upon the Assassination of President John F.
Established by EO 11130 of Nov. 29, 1963. Report submitted Sept. 24, 1964, and Commission discharged
by Presidential letter of same date.

L

TOP OF PAGE

Labor, President’s Committee on Migratory
Appointed by Presidential letter of Aug. 26, 1954. Formally established by EO 10894 of Nov. 15, 1960.
Terminated Jan. 6, 1964, by the Secretary of Labor in letter to members, with approval of President.
Labor and Commerce, Department of
Established by act of Feb. 14, 1903 (32 Stat. 825). Reorganized into separate Departments of Labor and
Commerce by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736).
Labor Department, Solicitor for
Transferred from the Department of Justice to the Department of Labor by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933.
Labor-Management Advisory Committee
Established by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973. Abolished by EO 11788 of June 18, 1974.
Labor-Management Policy, President’s Advisory Committee on
Established by EO 10918 of Feb. 16, 1961. Abolished by EO 11710 of Apr. 4, 1973.
Labor-Management Relations Services, Office of
Established by Order 3–84 of May 3, 1984 of the Secretary of Labor. Renamed Bureau of LaborManagement Relations and Cooperative Programs by Secretarial Order 7–84 of Sept. 20, 1984 (49 FR
38374).
Labor-Management Services Administration
Office of Pension and Welfare Benefit Programs transferred from Administration and constituted as
separate unit by Order 1–84 of Jan. 20, 1984 of the Secretary of Labor (49 FR 4269). Remaining labormanagement relations functions reassigned by Secretarial Order 3–84 of May 3, 1984.
Labor Organization, International
Established in 1919 by Treaty of Versailles with U.S. joining in 1934. U.S. membership terminated Nov. 1,
1977, at President’s direction. The U.S. rejoined the organization in February 1980.
Labor Relations Council, Federal
Established by EO 11491 of Oct. 29, 1969. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1978, effective Jan. 1, 1979,
and functions transferred to Federal Labor Relations Authority.
Labor Standards, Apprenticeship Section, Division of
Transferred to Federal Security Agency by EO 9139 of Apr. 18, 1942, functioning as Apprentice Training
Service. Transferred to War Manpower Commission by EO 9247 of Sept. 17, 1942, functioning in Bureau of
Training. Returned to the Department of Labor by EO 9617 of Sept. 19, 1945.
Labor Standards, Bureau of
Established by Labor departmental order in 1934. Functions absorbed by Occupational Safety and Health
Administration in May 1971.
Land Bank Commissioner See Farm Loan Board, Federal

Land Law Review Commission, Public
Established by act of Sept. 19, 1964 (78 Stat. 982). Terminated Dec. 31, 1970, pursuant to terms of act.
Land Office, General
Consolidated with Grazing Service into Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior, by
Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.
Land Office, Office of Recorder of the General
Created in the Department of the Interior by act of July 4, 1836 (5 Stat. 111). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No.
III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, and functions transferred to General Land Office.
Land Policy Section
Established in 1934 as part of Program Planning Division, Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
Personnel taken over by Resettlement Administration in 1935.
Land Problems, Committee on National
Established by EO 6693 of Apr. 28, 1934. Abolished by EO 6777 of June 30, 1934.
Land Program, Director of
Basis of program found in act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 200). Special Board of Public Works established by
EO 6174 of June 16, 1933. Land Program established by Board by resolution passed Dec. 28, 1933, and
amended July 18, 1934. Federal Emergency Relief Administration designated to administer program Feb.
28, 1934. Land Program transferred to Resettlement Administration by EO 7028 of Apr. 30, 1935.
Functions of Administration transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture by EO 7530 of Dec. 31, 1936. Land
conservation and land-utilization programs administered by Administration transferred to Bureau of
Agricultural Economics by Secretary’s Memorandum 733. Administration of land programs placed under
Soil Conservation Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 785 of Oct. 6, 1938.
Land Use Coordination, Office of
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 725 of July 12, 1937. Abolished Jan. 1, 1944, by
General Departmental Circular 21 and functions administered by Land Use Coordinator.
Land Use and Water Planning, Office of
Established in the Department of the Interior by Secretarial Order No. 2953 of May 7, 1973. Abolished by
Secretarial Order No. 2988 of Mar. 11, 1976.
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
Established by act of June 19, 1968 (82 Stat. 197). Operations closed out by the Department of Justice due
to lack of appropriations and remaining functions transferred to Office of Justice Assistance, Research, and
Statistics.
Law Enforcement Training Center, Federal See Law Enforcement Training Center, Consolidated Federal
Law Enforcement Training Center, Consolidated Federal
Established by Treasury Order No. 217, Mar. 2, 1970. Renamed Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
by Amendment No. 1 to Treasury Order No. 217 on Aug. 14, 1975. Transferred to Department of
Homeland Security by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2178).
Legislative Affairs, Office of
Renamed Office of Intergovernmental and Legislative Affairs Feb. 24, 1984, by Attorney General’s Order
1054–84 (49 FR 10177).
Lend-Lease Administration, Office of
Established by EO 8926 of Oct. 28, 1941, to replace Division of Defense Aid Reports. Consolidated with
Foreign Economic Administration by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943.

Lewis and Clark Trail Commission
Established by act of Oct. 6, 1964 (78 Stat. 1005). Terminated October 1969 by terms of act.
Libraries and Information Science, National Commission on
Established by act of July 20, 1970 (84 Stat. 440). As per close out activities, the Commission was
abolished by act of Dec. 26, 2007 (121 Stat. 2204), and functions transferred to the Institute of Museum
and Library Services pursuant to instructions set forth in House Report 110–231 and Senate Report 110–
107.
Library of Congress Police
Established by act of Aug. 4, 1950 (64 Stat. 411). Personnel transferred to United States Capitol Police by
acts of Dec. 26, 2007 (121 Stat. 2228) and Jan. 7, 2008 (121 Stat. 2546).
Lighthouses, Bureau of
Established in the Department of Commerce by act of Aug. 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 53). Consolidated with U.S.
Coast Guard by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Lincoln Sesquicentennial Commission
Established by joint resolution of Sept. 2, 1957 (71 Stat. 587). Terminated Mar. 1, 1960, pursuant to terms
of joint resolution.
Liquidation, Director of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9674 of Jan. 4, 1946. Terminated by EO 9744 of
June 27, 1946.
Liquidation Advisory Committee
Established by EO 9674 of Jan. 4, 1946. Terminated by EO 9744 of June 27, 1946.
Literacy, National Institute for
Established by act of July 25, 1991 (105 Stat. 333). Abolished by act of Dec. 16, 2009 (123 Stat. 3267).
Loan Agency, Federal
Established by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, by consolidating Reconstruction Finance
Corporation— including subordinate units of RFC Mortgage Company, Disaster Loan Corporation, Federal
National Mortgage Association, Defense Plant Corporation, Defense Homes Corporation, Defense Supplies
Corporation, Rubber Reserve Company, Metals Reserve Company, and War Insurance Corporation (later
known as War Damage Corporation)—with Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Home Owners’ Loan
Corporation, Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, Federal Housing Administration, Electric
Home and Farm Authority, and Export-Import Bank of Washington. Federal Home Loan Bank Board,
Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, Home Owners’ Loan Corporation, Federal Housing
Administration, and Defense Homes Corporation transferred to National Housing Agency by EO 9070 of
Feb. 24, 1942. Reconstruction Finance Corporation and its units (except Defense Homes Corporation),
Electric Home and Farm Authority, and Export-Import Bank of Washington transferred to the Department
of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. RFC and units returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of Feb.
24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Agency abolished by act of June 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 202), and all property and records
transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Loan Fund, Development
Established in International Cooperation Administration by act of Aug. 14, 1957 (71 Stat. 355). Created as
independent corporate agency by act of June 30, 1958 (72 Stat. 261). Abolished by act of Sept. 4, 1961 (75
Stat. 445), and functions redelegated to Agency for International Development.
Loan Policy Board
Established by act of July 18, 1958 (72 Stat. 385). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1965, effective July 27,
1965, and functions transferred to Small Business Administration.

Longshoremen’s Labor Board, National
Established in the Department of Labor by EO 6748 of June 26, 1934. Terminated by Proc. 2120 of Mar.
11, 1935.
Low-Emission Vehicle Certification Board
Established by act of Dec. 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 1701). Terminated by act of Mar. 14, 1980 (94 Stat. 98).
Lowell Historic Canal District Commission
Established by act of Jan. 4, 1975 (88 Stat. 2330). Expired January 1977 pursuant to terms of act.
Loyalty Review Board
Established Nov. 10, 1947, by U.S. Civil Service Commission, pursuant to EO 9835 of Mar. 21, 1947.
Abolished by EO 10450 of Apr. 27, 1953.

M

TOP OF PAGE

Management, Budget and Evaluation, Office of
Established within the Department of Energy pursuant to the Conference Report No. 107–258 on H.R.
2311, Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 2002. Abolished by memorandum of July 28,
2005 of the Secretary of Energy, and various functions transferred within the Department of Energy to the
Office of Management, Office of Chief Financial Officer, and Office of Human Capital Management.
Management Improvement, Advisory Committee on
Established by EO 10072 of July 29, 1949. Abolished by EO 10917 of Feb. 10, 1961, and functions
transferred to Bureau of the Budget.
Management Improvement, President’s Advisory Council on
Established by EO 11509 of Feb. 11, 1970. Inactive as of June 30, 1973.
Manpower, President’s Committee on
Established by EO 11152 of Apr. 15, 1964. Terminated by EO 11515 of Mar. 13, 1970.
Manpower Administration
Renamed Employment and Training Administration by Order 14–75 of Nov. 12, 1975 of the Secretary of
Labor.
Manpower Management, Office of Civilian
Renamed Office of Civilian Personnel by Notice 5430 of Oct. 1, 1976 of the Secretary of the Navy.
Marine Affairs, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Interior Apr. 30, 1970, to replace Office of Marine Resources, created
by Secretary Oct. 22, 1968. Abolished by Secretary Dec. 4, 1970.
Marine Corps Memorial Commission, U.S.
Established by act of Aug. 24, 1947 (61 Stat. 724). Terminated by act of Mar. 14, 1980 (94 Stat. 98).
Marine Debris Coordinating Committee
Renamed Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee by act of Dec. 22, 2006 (120 Stat. 3337).
Marine Inspection and Navigation, Bureau of See Navigation and Steamboat Inspection, Bureau of
Marine Resources and Engineering Development, National Council on
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of June 17, 1966 (80 Stat. 203). Terminated Apr. 30,
1971, due to lack of funding.

Maritime Administration
Established in the Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Transferred to the Department of Transportation by act of Aug. 6, 1981 (95 Stat. 151).
Maritime Advisory Committee
Established by EO 11156 of June 17, 1964. Terminated by EO 11427 of Sept. 4, 1968.
Maritime Board, Federal See Maritime Commission, U.S.
Maritime Commission, U.S.
Established by act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 1985), as successor agency to U.S. Shipping Board and U.S.
Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation. Training functions transferred to Commandant of Coast
Guard by EO 9083 of Feb. 27, 1942. Functions further transferred to War Shipping Administration by EO
9198 of July 11, 1942. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 21 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950, which established
Federal Maritime Board and Maritime Administration as successor agencies. Board abolished, regulatory
functions transferred to Federal Maritime Commission, and functions relating to subsidization of
merchant marine transferred to the Secretary of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, effective Aug.
12, 1961.
Maritime Labor Board
Authorized by act of June 23, 1938 (52 Stat. 968). Mediatory duties abolished by act of June 23, 1941 (55
Stat. 259); title expired June 22, 1942.
Marketing Administration, Surplus
Established by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, consolidating functions vested in
Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation and Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements,
Agricultural Adjustment Administration. Consolidated with other agencies into Agricultural Marketing
Administration by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942.
Marketing and Marketing Agreements, Division of
Established in the Department of Agriculture by act of June 3, 1937 (50 Stat. 246). Consolidated with
Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation into Surplus Marketing Administration by Reorg. Plan No. III of
1940, effective June 30, 1940.
Mediation, U.S. Board of
Established by act of May 20, 1926 (44 Stat. 577). Abolished by act of June 21, 1934 (48 Stat. 1193), and
superseded by National Mediation Board, July 21, 1934.
Medical Information Systems Program Office, Tri-Service
Renamed Defense Medical Systems Support Center by memorandum of the Assistant Secretary of
Defense (Health Affairs) May 3, 1985.
Medical Services Administration
Established by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967.
Transferred from Social and Rehabilitation Service to Health Care Financing Administration by Secretary’s
reorganization of Mar. 8, 1977 (42 FR 13262).
Medicine and Surgery, Department of
Established in the Veterans Administration by act of Sept. 2, 1958 (72 Stat. 1243). Renamed Veterans
Health Services and Research Administration in the Department of Veterans Affairs by act of Oct. 25, 1988
(102 Stat. 2640). Renamed Veterans Health Administration by act of May 7, 1991 (105 Stat. 187).
Memorial Commission, National
Established by Public Resolution 107 of Mar. 4, 1929 (45 Stat. 1699). Terminated by EO 6166 of June 10,
1933, and functions transferred to Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Department of

the Interior.
Mental Health, National Institute of
Established by act of July 3, 1946 (60 Stat. 425). Made entity within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental
Health Administration by act of May 14, 1974 (88 Stat. 135). Functions transferred to the Department of
Health and Human Services by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 695). (See also act of Oct. 27, 1986; 100 Stat.
3207–106.) Abolished by act of July 10, 1992 (106 Stat. 331). Reestablished by act of July 10, 1992 (106
Stat. 364).
Metals Reserve Company
Established June 28, 1940, by act of Jan. 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5). Transferred from Federal Loan Agency to
the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of
Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Dissolved by act of June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), and functions transferred to
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Metric Board, U.S.
Established by act of Dec. 23, 1975 (89 Stat. 1007). Terminated Oct. 1, 1982, due to lack of funding.
Mexican-American Affairs, Interagency Committee on
Established by Presidential memorandum of June 9, 1967. Renamed Cabinet Committee on Opportunities
for Spanish-Speaking People by act of Dec. 30, 1969 (83 Stat. 838). Terminated Dec. 30, 1974, pursuant to
terms of act.
Mexican Claims Commission, American
Established by act of Dec. 18, 1942 (56 Stat. 1058). Terminated Apr. 4, 1947, by act of Apr. 3, 1945 (59
Stat. 59).
Mexican Claims Commission, Special
Established by act of Apr. 10, 1935 (49 Stat. 149). Terminated by EO 7909 of June 15, 1938.
Mexico Commission for Border Development and Friendship, U.S.
Established through exchange of notes of Nov. 30 and Dec. 3, 1966, between U.S. and Mexico. Terminated
Nov. 5, 1969.
Micronesian Claims Commission
Established by act of July 1, 1971 (85 Stat. 92). Terminated Aug. 3, 1976, pursuant to terms of act.
Migration, Intergovernmental Committee for European
Renamed Intergovernmental Committee for Migration by Resolution 624, passed by Intergovernmental
Committee for European Migration Council, effective Nov. 11, 1980.
Migration, International Committee for
Created in 1951. Renamed International Organization for Migration pursuant to article 29, paragraph 2, of
the ICM constitution, effective Nov. 14, 1989.
Migratory Bird Conservation Commission
Chairmanship transferred from the Secretary of Agriculture to the Secretary of the Interior by Reorg. Plan
No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Military Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel, Response Systems to
Established by act of Jan. 2, 2013 (126 Stat. 1758). Terminated on Jan. 1, 2015 under provisions of act.
Military Air Transport Service aviation
Renamed Military Airlift Command in U.S. Air Force by HQ MATS/ MAC Special Order G–164 of Jan. 1,
1966.

Military Airlift Command
Inactivate June 1, 1992.
Military Appeals, United States Court of
Established under Article I of the Constitution of the United States pursuant to act of May 5, 1950, as
amended. Renamed United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces by act of Oct. 5, 1994 (108 Stat.
2831).
Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission
Established by act of Jan. 2, 2013 (126 Stat. 1788). Terminated on Dec. 2, 2015 pursuant to sec.
1095(a)(6), by act of Dec. 26, 2013 (127 Stat. 880).
Military Establishment, National
Established as executive department of the Government by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 495). Designated
Department of Defense by act of Aug. 10, 1949 (63 Stat. 579).
Military Intelligence College, Joint
Established by DoD Directive 3305.1 of January 14, 1998. Renamed National Defense Intelligence College
by DOD Instruction 3305.01 of Dec. 22, 2006. See also Defense Intelligence College.
Military Purchases, Interdepartmental Committee for Coordination of Foreign and Domestic
Informal liaison committee created on Presidential notification of Dec. 6, 1939, to the Secretaries of the
Treasury and War and the Acting Secretary of the Navy. Committee dissolved in accordance with
Presidential letter to the Secretary of the Treasury Apr. 14, 1941, following approval of act of Mar. 11,
1941 (55 Stat. 31).
Military Renegotiation Policy and Review Board
Established by directive of the Secretary of Defense July 19, 1948. Abolished by Secretary’s letter of Jan.
18, 1952, which transferred functions to Renegotiation Board.
Military Sea Transportation Service
Renamed Military Sealift Command in U.S. Navy by COMSC notice of Aug. 1, 1970.
Militia Bureau
Established in 1908 as Division of Militia Affairs, Office of the Secretary of War. Superseded in 1933 by
National Guard Bureau.
Mine Health and Safety Academy, National
Transferred from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Labor by act of July 25, 1979 (93
Stat. 111).
Minerals Exploration, Office of
Established by act of Aug. 21, 1958 (72 Stat. 700). Functions transferred to Geological Survey by Order
2886 of Feb. 26, 1965 of the Secretary of the Interior.
Minerals Management Service
Established on Jan. 19, 1982 by Secretarial order. Renamed as the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management,
Regulation and Enforcement on June 18, 2010 by Secretarial order 3302. Reorganized into the Bureau of
Ocean Energy Management and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement by Secretarial
order 3299 of May 19, 2010.
Minerals Mobilization, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to act of Sept. 8, 1950 (64 Stat. 798) and EO 10574 of
Nov. 5, 1954, and by order of Office of Defense Mobilization. Succeeded by Office of Minerals and Solid
Fuels Nov. 2, 1962. Office of Minerals Policy Development combined with Office of Research and

Development in the Department of the Interior May 21, 1976, under authority of Reorg. Plan No. 3 of
1950, to form Office of Minerals Policy and Research Analysis. Abolished Sept. 30, 1981, by Secretarial
Order 3070 and functions transferred to Bureau of Mines.
Minerals Policy and Research Analysis, Office of See Minerals Mobilization, Office of
Minerals and Solid Fuels, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Interior Oct. 26, 1962. Abolished and functions assigned to Deputy
Assistant Secretary—Minerals and Energy Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary—Mineral Resources,
effective Oct. 22, 1971.
Mines, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of May 16, 1910 (36 Stat. 369). Transferred to the
Department of Commerce by EO 4239 of June 4, 1925. Transferred to the Department of the Interior by
EO 6611 of Feb. 22, 1934. Renamed United States Bureau of Mines by act of May 18, 1992 (106 Stat. 172).
Terminated pursuant to act of Jan. 26, 1996 (110 Stat. 32). Certain functions transferred to Secretary of
Energy by act of Apr. 26, 1996 (110 Stat. 1321–167).
Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration
Established by Order 2953 of May 7, 1973 of the Secretary of the Interior. Terminated by departmental
directive Mar. 9, 1978, and functions transferred to Mine Safety and Health Administration, Department
of Labor, established by act of Nov. 9, 1977 (91 Stat. 1319).
Minority Business Enterprise, Office of
Renamed Minority Business Development Agency by Commerce Secretarial Order DOO–254A of Nov. 1,
1979.
Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Center on
Established by act of act of Nov. 22, 2000 (114 Stat. 2501). Renamed National Institute on Minority Health
and Health Disparities by act of Mar. 23, 2010 (124 Stat. 973).
Mint, Bureau of the
Renamed U.S. Mint by Treasury Secretarial order of Jan. 9, 1984 (49 FR 5020).
Missile Sites Labor Commission
Established by EO 10946 of May 26, 1961. Abolished by EO 11374 of Oct. 11, 1967, and functions
transferred to Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.
Missouri Basin Survey Commission
Established by EO 10318 of Jan. 3, 1952. Final report of Commission submitted to President Jan. 12, 1953,
pursuant to EO 10329 of Feb. 25, 1952.
Missouri River Basin Commission
Established by EO 11658 of Mar. 22, 1972. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Mobilization, Office of Civil and Defense See Mobilization, Office of Defense and Civilian
Mobilization, Office of Defense and Civilian
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1958, effective July 1, 1958. Redesignated as Office of Civil and
Defense Mobilization by act of Aug. 26, 1958 (72 Stat. 861), consolidating functions of Office of Defense
Mobilization and Federal Civil Defense Administration. Civil defense functions transferred to the Secretary
of Defense by EO 10952 of July 20, 1961, and remaining organization redesignated Office of Emergency
Planning by act of Sept. 22, 1961 (75 Stat. 630).
Mobilization Policy, National Advisory Board on
Established by EO 10224 of Mar. 15, 1951. EO 10224 revoked by EO 10773 of July 1, 1958.

Monetary and Financial Problems, National Advisory Council on International
Established by act of July 31, 1945 (59 Stat. 512). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1965, effective July 27,
1965, and functions transferred to President. Functions assumed by National Advisory Council on
International Monetary and Financial Policies, established by EO 11269 of Feb. 14, 1966.
Monument Commission, National
Established by act of Aug. 31, 1954 (68 Stat. 1029). Final report submitted in 1957, and audit of business
completed September 1964.
Monuments in War Areas, American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic
Established by President June 23, 1943; announced by Secretary of State Aug. 20, 1943. Activities
assumed by the Department of State Aug. 16, 1946.
Morris K. Udall Foundation
Established by act of Mar. 19, 1992 (106 Stat 79). Renamed Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall
Foundation by act of Nov. 3, 2009 (123 Stat. 2977).
Mortgage Association, Federal National
Chartered Feb. 10, 1938, by act of June 27, 1934 (48 Stat. 1246). Grouped with other agencies to form
Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to the Department of
Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat.
5). Transferred to Housing and Home Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 22 of 1950, effective July 10,
1950. Rechartered by act of Aug. 2, 1954 (68 Stat. 590) and made constituent agency of Housing and
Home Finance Agency. Transferred with functions of Housing and Home Finance Agency to the
Department of Housing and Urban Development by act of Sept. 9, 1965 (79 Stat. 667). Made
Government-sponsored, private corporation by act of Aug. 1, 1968 (82 Stat. 536).
Motor Carrier Claims Commission
Established by act of July 2, 1948 (62 Stat. 1222). Terminated Dec. 31, 1952, by acts of July 11, 1951 (65
Stat. 116), and Mar. 14, 1952 (66 Stat. 25).
Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission
Established by act of Feb. 25, 1929 (45 Stat. 1300). Expenditures ordered administered by the Department
of the Interior by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Transferred to National Park Service, Department of the
Interior, by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Mounted Horse Unit
Transferred from the United States Capitol Police to the United States Park Police by Public Law 109–55 of
Aug. 2, 2005 (119 Stat. 572).
Munitions Board
Established in the Department of Defense by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 499). Abolished by Reorg. Plan
No. 6 of 1953, effective June 30, 1953, and functions vested in the Secretary of Defense.
Munitions Board, Joint Army and Navy
Organized in 1922. Placed under direction of President by military order of July 5, 1939. Reconstituted
Aug. 18, 1945, by order approved by President. Terminated on establishment of Munitions Board by act of
July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 505).
Museum of American Art, National
Renamed Smithsonian American Art Museum by Act of October 27, 2000 (114 Stat. 1463).
Museum of History and Technology, National
Renamed National Museum of American History in Smithsonian Institution by act of Oct. 13, 1980 (94
Stat. 1884).

Museum Services, Institute of
Established by act of June 23, 1972 (86 Stat. 327). Transferred to Office of Educational Research and
Improvement, Department of Education, by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 678), effective May 4, 1980.
Transferred to National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities by act of Dec. 23, 1981 (95 Stat.
1414). Functions transferred to the Institute of Museum and Library Services by act of Sept. 30, 1996 (110
Stat. 3009– 307).

N

TOP OF PAGE

Narcotics, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Treasury by act of June 14, 1930 (46 Stat. 585). Abolished by Reorg.
Plan No. 1 of 1968, effective Apr. 8, 1968, and functions transferred to Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous
Drugs, Department of Justice.
Narcotics, President’s Council on CounterRenamed President’s Drug Policy Council by EO 13023, Nov. 6, 1996 (61 FR 57767).
Narcotics Control, Cabinet Committee on International
Established by Presidential memorandum of Aug. 17, 1971. Terminated by Presidential memorandum of
Mar. 14, 1977.
National. See other part of title
Naval Material, Office of
Established by act of Mar. 5, 1948 (62 Stat. 68). Abolished by the Department of Defense reorg. order of
Mar. 9, 1966, and functions transferred to the Secretary of the Navy (31 FR 7188).
Naval Material Command See Naval Material Support Establishment
Naval Material Support Establishment
Established by Department of the Navy General Order 5 of July 1, 1963 (28 FR 7037). Replaced by Naval
Material Command pursuant to General Order 5 of Apr. 29, 1966 (31 FR 7188). Functions realigned to
form Office of Naval Acquisition Support, and termination of Command effective May 6, 1985.
Naval Observatory
Jurisdiction transferred from Bureau of Navigation to Chief of Naval Operations by EO 9126 of Apr. 8,
1942, and by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.
Naval Oceanography Command
Renamed Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command in 1995.
Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Navy, as required by law (70A Stat. 457). Jurisdiction transferred to the
Department of Energy by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 581).
Naval Reserve
Established by act of Mar. 3, 1915 (38 Stat. 940). Redesignated Navy Reserve by Public Law 109–163 of
Jan. 6, 2006 (119 Stat. 3233).
Naval Weapons, Bureau of
Established by act of Aug. 18, 1959 (73 Stat. 395), to replace Bureau of Ordnance and Aeronautics.
Abolished by Department of Defense reorg. order of Mar. 9, 1966, and functions transferred to the
Secretary of the Navy (31 FR 7188), effective May 1, 1966.

Navigation, Bureau of
Created by act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat. 118), as special service under the Department of the Treasury.
Transferred to the Department of Commerce and Labor by act of Feb. 4, 1903 (32 Stat. 825). Consolidated
with Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection by act of June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 415). Renamed
Bureau of Naval Personnel by act of May 13, 1942 (56 Stat. 276).
Navigation and Steamboat Inspection, Bureau of
Renamed Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation by act of May 27, 1936 (49 Stat. 1380). Functions
transferred to Bureau of Customs, Department of the Treasury, and U.S. Coast Guard by EO 9083 of Feb.
28, 1942. Transfer made permanent and Bureau abolished by Reorg. Plan. No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16,
1946.
Navy, Department of
Defense housing functions transferred to Federal Public Housing Authority, National Housing Agency, by
EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942.
Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Dental Division of
Renamed Dental Corps of the Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery by act of Oct. 17, 2006 (120 Stat.
2234).
Navy Commissioners, Board of
Established by act of Feb. 7, 1815 (3 Stat. 202). Abolished by act of Aug. 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579).
Neighborhoods, National Commission on
Established by act of Apr. 30, 1977 (91 Stat. 56). Terminated May 4, 1979, pursuant to terms of act.
Neighborhoods, Voluntary Associations and Consumer Protection, Office of
Abolished and certain functions transferred to Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing—Federal
Housing Commissioner and Office of the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development.
Primary enabling legislation, act of Oct. 31, 1978 (92 Stat. 2119), repealed by act of Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat.
398). Abolishment of Office and transfer of functions carried out by Housing and Urban Development
Secretarial order.
New England River Basins Commission
Established by EO 11371 of Sept. 6, 1967. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Nicaro Project
Responsibility for management of Nicaro nickel producing facilities in Oriente Province, Cuba, transferred
from Office of Special Assistant to the Administrator (Nicaro Project) to Defense Materials Service by
General Services Administrator, effective July 7, 1959. Facilities expropriated by Cuban Government and
nationalized Oct. 26, 1960.
Noble Training Center
Transferred from Public Health Service to the Center for Domestic Preparedness, Department of
Homeland Security by act of Oct. 4, 2006 (120 Stat. 1433).
Northern Mariana Islands Commission on Federal Laws
Created by joint resolution of Mar. 24, 1976 (90 Stat. 263). Terminated upon submission of final report in August
1985.
Nuclear Security Enterprise, Congressional Advisory Panel on the Governance of the
Established by act of Jan. 2, 2013 (126 Stat. 2208). Terminated on Sept. 30, 2014 pursuant to sec. 3142, by
act of Dec. 26, 2013 (127 Stat. 1069).
Nursing Research, National Center for
Renamed National Institute of Nursing Research by act of June 10, 1993 (107 Stat. 178).

Nutrition Division
Functions transferred from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to the Department of
Agriculture by EO 9310 of Mar. 3, 1943.

O

TOP OF PAGE

Ocean Mining Administration
Established by Interior Secretarial Order 2971 of Feb. 24, 1975. Abolished by Department Manual Release
2273 of June 13, 1980.
Oceanography, Interagency Committee on
Established by Federal Council for Science and Technology pursuant to EO 10807 of Mar. 13, 1959.
Absorbed by National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development pursuant to Vice
Presidential letter of July 21, 1967.
Office See also other part of title
Office Space, President’s Advisory Commission on Presidential
Established by act of Aug. 3, 1956 (70 Stat. 979). Terminated June 30, 1957, by act of Jan. 25, 1957 (71
Stat. 4).
Official Register
Function of preparing Official Register vested in Director of the Census by act of Mar. 3, 1925 (43 Stat.
1105). Function transferred to U.S. Civil Service Commission by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Yearly
compilation and publication required by act of Aug. 28, 1935 (49 Stat. 956). Act repealed by act of July 12,
1960 (74 Stat. 427), and last Register published in 1959.
Ohio River Basin Commission
Established by EO 11578 of Jan. 13, 1971. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Oil and Gas, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Interior May 6, 1946, in response to Presidential letter of May 3, 1946.
Transferred to Federal Energy Administration by act of May 7, 1974 (88 Stat. 100).
Oil Import Administration
Established in the Department of the Interior by Proc. 3279 of Mar. 10, 1959. Merged into Office of Oil
and Gas Oct. 22, 1971.
Oil Import Appeals Board
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Mar. 13, 1959, and made part of Office of Hearings and
Appeals Dec. 23, 1971.
On-Site Inspection Agency
Established on Jan. 26, 1988. Functions transferred to the Defense Threat Reduction Agency by DOD
Directive 5105.62 of Sept. 30, 1998.
Operations Advisory Group
Established by EO 11905 of Feb. 18, 1976. Abolished by Presidential Directive No. 2 of Jan. 20, 1977.
Operations Coordinating Board
Established by EO 10483 of Sept. 2, 1953, which was superseded by EO 10700 of Feb. 25, 1957. EO 10700
revoked by EO 10920 of Feb. 18, 1961, and Board terminated.
Ordnance, Bureau of See Ordnance and Hydrography, Bureau of

Ordnance and Hydrography, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Navy by act of Aug. 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579). Replaced under act of July
5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510), by Bureau of Ordnance and Bureau of Navigation. Abolished by act of Aug. 18, 1959
(73 Stat. 395), and functions transferred to Bureau of Naval Weapons.
Organization, President’s Advisory Committee on Government
Established by EO 10432 of Jan. 24, 1953. Abolished by EO 10917 of Feb. 10, 1961, and functions
transferred to Bureau of the Budget for termination.
Organizations Staff, International
Functions merged with Foreign Agricultural Service by memorandum of Dec. 7, 1973 of , effective Feb. 3,
1974.
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Transferred as separate agency to U.S. International Development Cooperation Agency by Reorg. Plan No.
2 of 1979, effective Oct. 1, 1979. Became an independent agency following the abolition of IDCA by act of
Oct. 21, 1998 (112 Stat. 2681–790).
Oversight Board (for the Resolution Trust Corporation)
Established by act of Aug. 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 363). Renamed Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board by
act of Dec. 12, 1991 (105 Stat. 1767). Abolished by act of July 29, 1998 (112 Stat. 908). Authority and
duties transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury.

P

TOP OF PAGE

Pacific Northwest River Basins Commission
Established by EO 11331 of Mar. 6, 1967. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Packers and Stockyards Administration
Established by Memorandum 1613, supp. 1, of May 8, 1967 of the Secretary of Agriculture. Certain
functions consolidated into Agricultural Marketing Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1927 of Jan. 15,
1978. Remaining functions incorporated into the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration
by Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994.
Panama Canal
Operation of piers at Atlantic and Pacific terminals transferred to Panama Railroad Company by EO 7021
of Apr. 19, 1935. Panama Canal reestablished as Canal Zone Government by act of Sept. 26, 1950 (64 Stat.
1038).
Panama Canal Commission
Established by act of Oct. 1, 1979, as amended (22 U.S.C. 3611). U.S. responsibility terminated by
stipulation of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, which transferred responsibility for the Panama Canal to
the Republic of Panama, effective Dec. 31, 1999. Commission terminated by act of Sept. 30, 2004 (118
Stat. 1140).
Panama Canal Company
Established by act of June 29, 1948 (62 Stat. 1076). Abolished and superseded by Panama Canal
Commission (93 Stat. 454).
Panama Railroad Company
Incorporated Apr. 7, 1849, by New York State Legislature. Operated under private control until 1881,
when original French Canal Company acquired most of its stock. Company and its successor, New Panama
Canal Company, operated railroad as common carrier and also as adjunct in attempts to construct canal.

In 1904 their shares of stock in Panama Railroad Company passed to ownership of U.S. as part of assets of
New Panama Canal Company purchased under act of June 28, 1902 (34 Stat. 481). Remaining shares
purchased from private owners in 1905. Panama Railroad Company reincorporated by act of June 29,
1948 (62 Stat. 1075) pursuant to requirements of act of Dec. 6, 1945 (59 Stat. 597). Reestablished as
Panama Canal Company by act of Sept. 26, 1950 (64 Stat. 1038). The Secretary of the Army was directed
to discontinue commercial operations of Company by Presidential letter of Mar. 29, 1961.
Paperwork, Commission on Federal
Established by act of Dec. 27, 1974 (88 Stat. 1789). Terminated January 1978 pursuant to terms of act.
Park Service, National
Functions in District of Columbia relating to space assignment, site selection for public buildings, and
determination of priority in construction transferred to Public Buildings Administration, Federal Works
Agency, under Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Park Trust Fund Board, National
Established by act of July 10, 1935 (49 Stat. 477). Terminated by act of Dec. 18, 1967 (81 Stat. 656), and
functions transferred to National Park Foundation.
Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Office of National
Established in the Department of the Interior by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Renamed National Park
Service by act of Mar. 2, 1934 (48 Stat. 362).
Parole, Board of
Established by act of June 25, 1948 (62 Stat. 854). Abolished by act of Mar. 15, 1976 (90 Stat. 219), and
functions transferred to U.S. Parole Commission.
Patent Office
Provisions of first patent act administered by the Department of State, with authority for granting patents
vested in board comprising Secretaries of State and War and Attorney General. Board abolished, authority
transferred to Secretary of State, and registration system established by act of Feb. 21, 1793 (1 Stat. 318).
Office made bureau in the Department of State in October 1802, headed by Superintendent of Patents.
Office reorganized in 1836 by act of June 4, 1836 (5 Stat. 117) under Commissioner of Patents. Office
transferred to the Department of the Interior in 1849. Office transferred to the Department of Commerce
by EO 4175 of Mar. 17, 1925.
Patents Board, Government
Established by EO 10096 of Jan. 23, 1950. Abolished by EO 10930 of Mar. 24, 1961, and functions
transferred to the Secretary of Commerce.
Pay Board
Established by EO 11627 of Oct. 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973.
Payment Limitations, Commission on Application of
Established by act of May 13, 2002 (116 Stat. 216). Abolished by acts of May 22, 2008 (122 Stat. 1025) and
June 18, 2008 (122 Stat. 1753).
Peace Corps
Established in the Department of State by EO 10924 of Mar. 1, 1961, and continued by act of Sept. 22,
1961 (75 Stat. 612), and EO 11041 of Aug. 6, 1962. Functions transferred to ACTION by Reorg. Plan No. 1
of 1971, effective July 1, 1971. Made independent agency in executive branch by act of Dec. 29, 1981 (95
Stat. 1540).
Pennsylvania Avenue, Temporary Commission on
Established by EO 11210 of Mar. 25, 1956. Inactive as of Nov. 15, 1969, due to lack of funding.

Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation
Established by act of Oct. 27, 1972 (86 Stat. 1266). Terminated pursuant to act of Jan. 26, 1996 (110 Stat.
32) and act of Apr. 26, 1996 (110 Stat. 1321– 198). Functions transferred to General Services
Administration, National Capital Planning Commission, and National Park Service (61 FR 11308), effective
Apr. 1, 1996.
Pension and Welfare Benefit Programs, Office of See Labor-Management Services Administration
Pensions, Commissioner of
Provided for by act of Mar. 2, 1833 (4 Stat. 668). Continued by act of Mar. 3, 1835 (4 Stat. 779), and other
acts as Office of the Commissioner of Pensions. Transferred to the Department of the Interior as bureau by
act of Mar. 3, 1849 (9 Stat. 395). Consolidated with other bureaus and agencies into Veterans
Administration by EO 5398 of July 21, 1930.
Pensions, Office of the Commissioner of See Pensions, Commissioner of
Perry’s Victory Memorial Commission
Created by act of Mar. 3, 1919 (40 Stat. 1322). Administration of Memorial transferred to National Park
Service by act of June 2, 1936 (49 Stat. 1393). Commission terminated by terms of act and membership
reconstituted as advisory board to the Secretary of Interior.
Personal Property, Office of See Supply Service, Federal
Personnel, National Roster of Scientific and Specialized
Established by National Resources Planning Board pursuant to Presidential letter of June 18, 1940, to the
Secretary of the Treasury. After Aug. 15, 1940, administered jointly by Board and U.S. Civil Service
Commission. Transferred to War Manpower Commission by EO 9139 of Apr. 18, 1942. Transferred to the
Department of Labor by EO 9617 of Sept. 19, 1945. Transferred with Bureau of Employment Security to
Federal Security Agency by act of June 16, 1948 (62 Stat. 443). Transferred to the Department of Labor by
Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949, effective Aug. 20, 1949, and became inactive. Roster functions transferred to
National Science Foundation by act of May 10, 1950 (64 Stat. 154). Reactivated in 1950 as National
Scientific Register by Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, through National Security Resources
Board grant of funds, and continued by National Science Foundation funds until December 1952, when
Register integrated into Foundation’s National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel project in
Division of Scientific Personnel and Education.
Personnel Administration, Council of
Established by EO 7916 of June 24, 1938, effective Feb. 1, 1939. Made unit in U.S. Civil Service Commission
by EO 8467 of July 1, 1940. Renamed Federal Personnel Council by EO 9830 of Feb. 24, 1947. Abolished by
act of July 31, 1953 (67 Stat. 300), and personnel and records transferred to Office of Executive Director,
U.S. Civil Service Commission.
Personnel Council, Federal See Personnel Administration, Council of
Personnel Interchange, President’s Commission on
Established by EO 11451 of Jan. 19, 1969. Continued by EO 12136 of May 15, 1979, and renamed
President’s Commission on Executive Exchange. Continued by EO 12493 of Dec. 5, 1984. Abolished by EO
12760 of May 2, 1991.
Personnel Management, Liaison Office for
Established by EO 8248 of Sept. 8, 1939. Abolished by EO 10452 of May 1, 1953, and functions transferred
to U.S. Civil Service Commission.
Petroleum Administration for Defense
Established under act of Sept. 8, 1950 (64 Stat. 798) by Order 2591 of Oct. 3, 1950 of the Secretary of the
Interior, pursuant to EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950. Continued by Secretary’s Order 2614 of Jan. 25, 1951,

pursuant to EO 10200 of Jan. 3, 1951, and PAD Delegation 1 of Jan. 24, 1951. Abolished by Secretary’s
Order 2755 of Apr. 23, 1954.
Petroleum Administration for War See Petroleum Coordinator for War, Office of
Petroleum Administrative Board
Established Sept. 11, 1933, by the Secretary of the Interior. Terminated Mar. 31, 1936, by EO 7076 of June
15, 1935. The Secretary of the Interior was authorized to execute functions vested in President by act of
Feb. 22, 1935 (49 Stat. 30) by EO 7756 of Dec. 1, 1937. Secretary also authorized to establish Petroleum
Conservation Division to assist in administering act. Records of Petroleum Administrative Board and
Petroleum Labor Policy Board housed with Petroleum Conservation Division, Office of Oil and Gas, acting
as custodian for the Secretary of the Interior.
Petroleum Coordinator for War, Office of
Secretary of the Interior designated Petroleum Coordinator for National Defense pursuant to Presidential
letter of May 28, 1941, and approved Petroleum Coordinator for War pursuant to Presidential letter of
Apr. 20, 1942. Office abolished by EO 9276 of Dec. 2, 1942, and functions transferred to Petroleum
Administration for War, established by same EO. Administration terminated by EO 9718 of May 3, 1946.
Petroleum Labor Policy Board
Established by the Secretary of the Interior, as Administrator of Code of Fair Competition for Petroleum
Industry, on recommendation of Planning and Coordination Committee Oct. 10, 1933. Reorganized by
Secretary Dec. 19, 1933, and reorganization confirmed by order of Mar. 8, 1935. Terminated Mar. 31,
1936, when Petroleum Administrative Board abolished by EO 7076 of June 15, 1935.
Petroleum Reserves Corporation
Established June 30, 1943, by Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Transferred to Office of Economic
Warfare by EO 9360 of July 15, 1943. Office consolidated into Foreign Economic Administration by EO
9380 of Sept. 25, 1943. Functions transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation by EO 9630 of Sept.
27, 1945. RFC’s charter amended Nov. 9, 1945, to change name to War Assets Corporation. Corporation
designated by Surplus Property Administrator as disposal agency for all types of property for which
Reconstruction Finance Corporation formerly disposal agency. Domestic surplus property functions of
Corporation transferred to War Assets Administration by EO 9689 of Jan. 31, 1946. Reconstruction Finance
Corporation Board of Directors ordered by President to dissolve War Assets Corporation as soon after
Mar. 25, 1946, as practicable.
Philippine Alien Property Administration
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9789 of Oct. 14, 1946. Abolished by EO 10254 of
June 15, 1951, and functions transferred to the Department of Justice.
Philippine War Damage Commission
Established by act of Apr. 30, 1946 (60 Stat. 128). Terminated Mar. 31, 1951, by act of Sept. 6, 1950 (64
Stat. 712).
Photographic Interpretation Center, National
Functions transferred to the National Imagery and Mapping Agency by act of Sept. 23, 1996 (110 Stat.
2677).
Physical Fitness, Committee on
Established in Office of Federal Security Administrator by EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943. Terminated June 30,
1945.
Physical Fitness, President’s Council on See Youth Fitness, President’s Council on
Physician Payment Review Commission
Established by act of Apr. 7, 1986 (100 Stat. 190). Terminated by act of Aug. 5, 1997 (111 Stat. 354).

Assets, staff, and continuing responsibility for reports transferred to the Medicare Payment Advisory
Commission.
Planning Board, National
Established by Administrator of Public Works July 30, 1933. Terminated by EO 6777 of June 30, 1934.
Plant Industry, Bureau of
Established by act of Mar. 2, 1902 (31 Stat. 922). Soil fertility and soil microbiology work of Bureau of
Chemistry and Soils transferred to Bureau by act of May 17, 1935. Soil chemistry and physics and soil
survey work of Bureau of Chemistry and Soils transferred to Bureau by Secretary’s Memorandum 784 of
Oct. 6, 1938. In February 1943 engineering research of Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering
transferred to Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering by Research Administration
Memorandum 5 issued pursuant to EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, and in conformity with Secretary’s
Memorandums 960 and 986. Functions transferred to Agricultural Research Service by Secretary’s
Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering, Bureau of See Plant Industry, Bureau of
Plant Quarantine, Bureau of See Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Bureau of
Policy Development, Office of See Domestic Council
Post Office, Department of See Postal Service
Postal Rate Commission
Renamed Postal Regulatory Commission by act of Dec. 20, 2006 (120 Stat. 3241).
Postal Savings System
Established by act of June 25, 1910 (36 Stat. 814). System closed by act of Mar. 28, 1966 (80 Stat. 92).
Postal Service
Created July 26, 1775, by Continental Congress. Temporarily established by Congress by act of Sept. 22,
1789 (1 Stat. 70), and continued by subsequent acts. Department of Post Office made executive
department under act of June 8, 1872 (17 Stat. 283). Offices of First, Second, Third, and Fourth Assistant
Postmasters General abolished and Deputy Postmaster General and four Assistant Postmasters General
established by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1949, effective Aug. 20, 1949. Reorganized as U.S. Postal Service in
executive branch by act of Aug. 12, 1970 (84 Stat. 719), effective July 1, 1971.
Power Commission, Federal
Established by act of June 10, 1920 (41 Stat. 1063). Terminated by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578), and
functions transferred to the Department of Energy.
Preparedness, Office of
Renamed Federal Preparedness Agency by General Services Administrator’s order of June 26, 1975.
Preparedness Agency, Federal
Functions transferred from General Services Administration to Federal Emergency Management Agency
by EO 12148 of July 20, 1979.
Presidential. See other part of title
Press Intelligence, Division of
Established in August 1933. Made division of National Emergency Council July 10, 1935. Continued in
Office of Government Reports by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to Office of
War Information by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942, functioning in Bureau of Special Services. Office abolished
by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945, and Bureau transferred to Bureau of the Budget. Upon reestablishment of

Office of Government Reports, by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, Division of Press Intelligence made unit of
Office.
Price Administration, Office of
Established by EO 8734 of Apr. 11, 1941, combining Price Division and Consumer Division of National
Defense Advisory Commission. Renamed Office of Price Administration by EO 8875 of Aug. 28, 1941, which
transferred Civilian Allocation Division to Office of Production Management. Consolidated with other
agencies into Office of Temporary Controls by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, except Financial Reporting
Division, transferred to Federal Trade Commission.
Price Commission
Established by EO 11627 of Oct. 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973.
Price Decontrol Board
Established by act of July 25, 1946 (60 Stat. 669). Effective period of act of Jan. 30, 1942 (56 Stat. 23),
extended to June 30, 1947, by joint resolution of June 25, 1946 (60 Stat. 664).
Price Stability for Economic Growth, Cabinet Committee on
Established by Presidential letter of Jan. 28, 1959. Abolished by Presidential direction Mar. 12, 1961.
Price Stabilization, Office of
Established by General Order 2 of Economic Stabilization Administrator Jan. 24, 1951. Director of Price
Stabilization provided for in EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950. Terminated Apr. 30, 1953, by EO 10434 of Feb. 6,
1953, and provisions of acts of June 30, 1952 (66 Stat. 296) and June 30, 1953 (67 Stat. 131).
Prices and Costs, Committee on Government Activities Affecting
Established by EO 10802 of Jan. 23, 1959. Abolished by EO 10928 of Mar. 23, 1961.
Printing Office, Government
Established by act of June, 23, 1860. Renamed Government Publishing Office by act of Dec. 16, 2014 (128
Stat. 2537).
Priorities Board
Established by order of Council of National Defense, approved Oct. 18, 1940, and by EO 8572 of Oct. 21,
1940. EO 8572 revoked by EO 8629 of Jan. 7, 1941.
Prison Industries, Inc., Federal
Established by EO 6917 of Dec. 11, 1934. Transferred to the Department of Justice by Reorg. Plan No. II of
1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Prison Industries Reorganization Administration
Functioned from Sept. 26, 1935, to Sept. 30, 1940, under authority of act of Apr. 8, 1935 (49 Stat. 115),
and of EO’s 7194 of Sept. 26, 1935, 7202 of Sept. 28, 1935, and 7649 of June 29, 1937. Terminated due to
lack of funding.
Private Sector Programs, Office of
Functions transferred to the Office of Citizen Exchanges within the Bureau of Educational and Cultural
Affairs, USIA, by act of Feb. 16, 1990 (104 Stat. 56).
Processing tax
Agricultural Adjustment Administration’s function of collecting taxes declared unconstitutional by U.S.
Supreme Court Jan. 6, 1936. Functions under acts of June 28, 1934 (48 Stat. 1275), Apr. 21, 1934 (48 Stat.
598), and Aug. 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 750) discontinued by repeal of these laws by act of Feb. 10, 1936 (49
Stat. 1106).
Processing Tax Board of Review

Established in the Department of the Treasury by act of June 22, (49 Stat. 1652). Abolished by act of Oct.
21, 1942 (56 Stat. 967).
Proclamations See State, Department of
Procurement, Commission on Government
Established by act of Nov. 26, 1969 (83 Stat. 269). Terminated Apr. 30, 1973, due to expiration of
statutory authority.
Procurement and Assignment Service
Established by President Oct. 30, 1941. Transferred from Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services to
War Manpower Commission by EO 9139 of Apr. 18, 1942. Transferred to Federal Security Agency by EO
9617 of Sept. 19, 1945, which terminated Commission.
Procurement Division
Established in the Department of the Treasury by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Renamed Bureau of Federal
Supply by Department of the Treasury Order 73 of Nov. 19, 1946, effective Jan. 1, 1947. Transferred to
General Services Administration as Federal Supply Service by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380).
Procurement Policy, Office of Federal
Established within Office of Management and Budget by act of Aug. 30, 1974 (88 Stat. 97). Abolished due
to lack of funding and functions transferred to Office of Management and Budget by act of Oct 28, 1993
(107 Stat. 1236).
Product Standards Policy, Office of
Formerly separate operating unit under Assistant Secretary for Productivity, Technology, and Innovation,
Department of Commerce. Transferred to National Bureau of
Production Areas, Committee for Congested
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 9327 of Apr. 7, 1943. Terminated Dec. 31, 1944, by
act of June 28, 1944 (58 Stat. 535).
Production Authority, National
Established in the Department of Commerce Sept. 11, 1950, by EO’s 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950, 10193 of Dec.
16, 1950, and 10200 of Jan. 3, 1951. Abolished by order of Oct. 1, 1953 of the Secretary of Commerce, and
functions merged into Business and Defense Services Administration.
Production Management, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8629 of Jan. 7, 1941. Abolished by EO 9040 of Jan.
24, 1942, and personnel and property transferred to War Production Board.
Production and Marketing Administration
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1118 of Aug. 18, 1945. Functions transferred under
Department reorganization by Secretary’s Memorandum 1320, supp. 4, of Nov. 2, 1953.
Productivity Council, National
Established by EO 12089 of Oct. 23, 1978. EO 12089 revoked by EO 12379 of Aug. 17, 1982.
Programs, Bureau of International
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Aug. 8, 1961, by Departmental Orders 173 and 174. Abolished
by Departmental Order 182 of Feb. 1, 1963, which established Bureau of International Commerce.
Functions transferred to Domestic and International Business Administration, effective Nov. 17, 1972.
Programs, Office of Public
Established in the National Archives and Records Administration. Reorganized by Archivist under Notice
96–260, Sept. 23, 1996, effective Jan. 6, 1997. Functions restructured and transferred to Office of Records
Services—Washington, DC.

Prohibition, Bureau of
Established by act of May 27, 1930 (46 Stat. 427). Investigative functions consolidated with functions of
Bureau of Investigation into Division of Investigation, Department of Justice. by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933,
which set as effective date Mar. 2, 1934, or such later date as fixed by President. All other functions
performed by Bureau of Prohibition ordered transferred to such division in the Department of Justice as
deemed desirable by Attorney General.
Property, Office of Surplus
Established in Procurement Division, Department of the Treasury, by EO 9425 of Feb. 19, 1944, and act of
Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 765), under general direction of Surplus Property Board established by same
legislation. Transferred to the Department of Commerce by EO 9541 of Apr. 19, 1945. Terminated by EO
9643 of Oct. 19, 1945, and activities and personnel transferred to Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Property Administration, Surplus See War Property Administration, Surplus
Property Board, Surplus See War Property Administration, Surplus
Property Council, Federal
Established by EO 11724 of June 25, 1973, and reconstituted by EO 11954 of Jan. 7, 1977. Terminated by
EO 12030 of Dec. 15, 1977.
Property Management and Disposal Service See Emergency Procurement Service
Property Office, Surplus
Established in Division of Territories and Island Possessions, Department of the Interior, under Regulation
1 of Surplus Property Board, Apr. 2, 1945. Transferred to War Assets Administration by EO 9828 of Feb.
21, 1947.
Property Review Board
Established by EO 12348 of Feb. 25, 1982. EO 12348 revoked by EO 12512 of Apr. 29, 1985.
Protective Service, Federal
Functions established in the Federal Works Agency by act of June 1, 1948 (62 Stat. 281). Functions
transferred to General Services Administrator by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380). Established as an
agency within General Services Administration by GSA Administrator on Jan. 11, 1971 (ADM. 5440.46).
Transferred to Homeland Security Department by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2178).
Prospective Payment Assessment Commission
Established by act of Apr. 20, 1983 (97 Stat. 159). Terminated by act of Aug. 5, 1997 (111 Stat. 354).
Assets, staff, and continuing responsibility for reports transferred to the Medicare Payment Advisory
Commission.
Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of
Established by acts of Aug. 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579), and July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510). Designated Bureau of
Supplies and Accounts by act of July 19, 1892 (27 Stat. 243). Abolished by Department of Defense reorg.
order of Mar. 9, 1966, and functions transferred to the Secretary of the Navy (31 FR 7188).
Public See other part of title
Publications Commission, National Historical
Established by act of Oct. 22, 1968 (82 Stat. 1293). Renamed National Historical Publications and Records
Commission by act of Dec. 22, 1974 (88 Stat. 1734).
Puerto Rican Hurricane Relief Commission
Established by act of Dec. 21, 1928 (45 Stat. 1067). No loans made after June 30, 1934, and Commission
abolished June 3, 1935, by Public Resolution 22 (49 Stat. 320). Functions transferred to Division of

Territories and Island Possessions, Department of the Interior. After June 30, 1946, collection work
performed in Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration. Following termination of Administration,
remaining collection functions transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture by act of July 11, 1956 (70 Stat.
525).
Puerto Rico, U.S.-Puerto Rico Commission on the Status of
Established by act of Feb. 20, 1964 (78 Stat. 17). Terminated by terms of act.
Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration
Established in the Department of the Interior by EO 7057 of May 28, 1935. Terminated Feb. 15, 1955, by
act of Aug. 15, 1953 (67 Stat. 584).

R

TOP OF PAGE

Radiation Biology Laboratory See Radiation and Organisms, Division of
Radiation Council, Federal
Established by EO 10831 of Aug. 14, 1959, and act of Sept. 23, 1959 (73 Stat. 688). Abolished by Reorg.
Plan No. 3 of 1970, effective Dec. 2, 1970, and functions transferred to Environmental Protection Agency.
Radiation and Organisms, Division of
Established by Secretarial order of May 1, 1929, as part of Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Renamed Radiation Biology Laboratory by Secretarial order of Feb. 16, 1965. Merged with Chesapeake
Center for Environmental Studies by Secretarial order of July 1, 1983, to form Smithsonian Environmental
Research Center.
Radio Commission, Federal
Established by act of Feb. 23, 1927 (44 Stat. 1162). Abolished by act of June 19, 1934 (48 Stat. 1102), and
functions transferred to Federal Communications Commission.
Radio Division
Established by National Emergency Council July 1, 1938. Transferred to Office of Education, Federal
Security Agency, by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Terminated June 30, 1940, by terms
of act of June 30, 1939 (53 Stat. 927).
Radio Propagation Laboratory, Central
Transferred from National Bureau of Standards to Environmental Science Services Administration by the
Department of Commerce Order 2–A, effective July 13, 1965.
Radiological Health, National Center for Devices and
Renamed Center for Devices and Radiological Health by Food and Drug Administration notice of Mar. 9,
1984 (49 FR 10166).
Rail Public Counsel, Office of
Established by act of Feb. 5, 1976 (90 Stat. 51). Terminated Dec. 1, 1979, due to lack of funding.
Railroad Administration, U.S. See Railroads, Director General of
Railroad and Airline Wage Board
Established by Economic Stabilization Administrator’s General Order 7 of Sept. 27, 1951, pursuant to act
of Sept. 8, 1950 (64 Stat. 816). Terminated Apr. 30, 1953, by EO 10434 of Feb. 6, 1953, and acts of June
30, 1952 (66 Stat. 296), and June 30, 1953 (67 Stat. 131).

Railroads, Director General of
Established under authority of act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 645). Organization of U.S. Railroad
Administration announced Feb. 9, 1918. Office abolished by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1,
1939, and functions transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury.
Railway Association, U.S.
Established by act of Jan. 2, 1974 (87 Stat. 985). Terminated Apr. 1, 1987, by act of Oct. 21, 1986 (100 Stat.
1906).
Railway Labor Panel, National
Established by EO 9172 of May 22, 1942. EO 9172 revoked by EO 9883 of Aug. 11, 1947.
Reagan Centennial Commission, Ronald
Established by act of June 2, 2009 (123 Stat. 1767). Terminated May 31, 2011, by act of May 12, 2011 (125
Stat. 215).
Real Estate Board, Federal
Established by EO 8034 of Jan. 14, 1939. Abolished by EO 10287 of Sept. 6, 1951.
Reclamation, Bureau of See Reclamation Service
Reclamation Service
Established July 1902 in Geological Survey by the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to act of June 17,
1902 (32 Stat. 388). Separated from Survey in 1907 and renamed Bureau of Reclamation June 1923.
Power marketing functions transferred to the Department of Energy by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578).
Bureau renamed Water and Power Resources Service by Secretarial Order 3042 of Nov. 6, 1979. Renamed
Bureau of Reclamation by Secretarial Order 3064 of May 18, 1981.
Reconciliation Service
Established by Director of Selective Service pursuant to EO 11804 of Sept. 16, 1974. Program terminated
Apr. 2, 1980.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Established Feb. 2, 1932, by act of Jan. 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5). Grouped with other agencies to form Federal
Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to the Department of
Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat.
5). Agency abolished by act of June 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 202), and functions assumed by Corporation.
Functions relating to financing houses or site improvements, authorized by act of Aug. 10, 1948 (61 Stat.
1275), transferred to Housing and Home Finance Agency by Reorg. Plan No. 23 of 1950, effective July 10,
1950. Corporation Board of Directors, established by act of Jan. 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5), abolished by Reorg.
Plan No. 1 of 1951, effective May 1, 1951, and functions transferred to Administrator and Loan Policy
Board established by same plan, effective Apr. 30, 1951. Act of July 30, 1953 (67 Stat. 230), provided for
RFC succession until June 30, 1954, and for termination of its lending powers Sept. 28, 1953. Certain
functions assigned to appropriate agencies for liquidation by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1954, effective July 1,
1954. Corporation abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1957, effective June 30, 1957, and functions
transferred to Housing and Home Finance Agency, General Services Administration, Small Business
Administration, and the Department of the Treasury.
Records Administration, Office of
Established in the National Archives and Records Administration. Reorganized by Archivist under Notice
96–260, Sept. 23, 1996, effective Jan. 6, 1997. Functions restructured and transferred to Office of Records
Services—Washington, DC.
Records Centers, Office of Federal
Established in the National Archives and Records Administration. Reorganized by Archivist under Notice
96–260, Sept. 23, 1996, effective Jan. 6, 1997. Functions restructured and transferred to Office of

Regional Records Services.
Records and Information Management, Office of
Functions transferred from National Archives and Records Service to Automated Data and
Telecommunications Service by General Services Administrator’s decision, effective Jan. 10, 1982,
regionally and Apr. 1, 1982, in Washington, DC.
Recovery Administration, Advisory Council, National
Established by EO 7075 of June 15, 1935. Transferred to the Department of Commerce by EO 7252 of Dec.
21, 1935, and functions ordered terminated not later than Apr. 1, 1936, by same order. Committee of
Industrial Analysis created by EO 7323 of Mar. 21, 1936, to complete work of Council.
Recovery Administration, National
Established by President pursuant to act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 194). Provisions of title I of act
repealed by Public Resolution 26 of June 14, 1935 (49 Stat. 375), and extension of Administration in
skeletonized form authorized until Apr. 1, 1936. Office of Administrator, National Recovery
Administration, created by EO 7075 of June 15, 1935. Administration terminated by EO 7252 of Dec. 21,
1935, which transferred Division of Review, Division of Business Corporation, and Advisory Council to the
Department of Commerce for termination of functions by Apr. 1, 1936. Consumers’ Division transferred to
the Department of Labor by same order.
Recovery Review Board, National
Established by EO 6632 of Mar. 7, 1934. Abolished by EO 6771 of June 30, 1934.
Recreation, Bureau of Outdoor
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of May 28, 1963 (77 Stat. 49). Terminated by
Secretary’s order of Jan. 25, 1978, and functions assumed by Heritage Conservation and Recreation
Service.
Recreation and Natural Beauty, Citizens’ Advisory Committee on
Established by EO 11278 of May 4, 1966. Terminated by EO 11472 of May 29, 1969.
Recreation and Natural Beauty, President’s Council on
Established by EO 11278 of May 4, 1966. Terminated by EO 11472 of May 29, 1969.
Recreation Resources Review Commission, Outdoor
Established by act of June 28, 1958 (72 Stat. 238). Final report submitted to President January 1962 and
terminated Sept. 1, 1962.
Regional Action Planning Commissions
Authorized by act of Aug. 26, 1965 (79 Stat. 552). Federal role abolished through repeal by act of Aug. 13,
1981 (95 Stat. 766). At time of repeal, eight commissions—Coastal Plains, Four Corners, New England, Old
West Ozarks, Pacific Northwest, Southwest Border, Southwest Border Region, and Upper Great Lakes—
affected.
Regional Archives, Office of Special and
Established in the National Archives and Records Administration. Reorganized by Archivist under Notice
96–260, Sept. 23, 1996, effective Jan. 6, 1997. Functions restructured and transferred between Office of
Records Services—Washington, DC and Office of Regional Records Services.
Regional Councils, Federal
Established by EO 12314 of July 22, 1981. Abolished by EO 12407 of Feb. 22, 1983.
Regional Operations, Executive Director of
Established in Food and Drug Administration by order of May 20, 1971 of the Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare. Merged into Office of Regulatory Affairs by order of Nov. 5, 1984 of the Secretary

of Health and Human Services.
Regulations and Rulings, Office of
Established in the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Abolished by act of Oct. 13, 2006 (120 Stat. 1924)
and functions transferred to the Office of International Trade.
Regulatory Council, U.S.
Disbanded by Vice Presidential memorandum of Mar. 25, 1981. Certain functions continued in Regulatory
Information Service Center.
Regulatory Relief, Presidential Task Force on
Establishment announced in President’s remarks Jan. 22, 1981. Disbanded and functions transferred to
Office of Management and Budget in August 1983.
Rehabilitation Services Administration
Functions transferred from Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to Office of Special Education
and Rehabilitative Services, Department of Education, by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 678), effective May
4, 1980.
Relief Corporation, Federal Surplus
Organized under powers granted to President by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 195). Charter granted by
State of Delaware Oct. 4, 1933, and amended Nov. 18, 1935, changing name to Federal Surplus
Commodities Corporation and naming the Secretary of Agriculture, Administrator of Agricultural
Adjustment Administration, and Governor of Farm Credit Administration as Board of Directors. Continued
as agency under the Secretary of Agriculture by acts of June 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 323) and Feb. 16, 1938 (52
Stat. 38). Consolidated with Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements into Surplus Marketing
Administration by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Merged into Agricultural Marketing
Administration by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942.
Relief and Rehabilitation Operations, Office of Foreign
Established in the Department of State as announced by White House Nov. 21, 1942. Consolidated with
Foreign Economic Administration by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943.
Renegotiation Board
Established by act of Mar. 23, 1951 (65 Stat. 7). Terminated Mar. 31, 1979, by act of Oct. 10, 1978 (92
Stat. 1043).
Rent Advisory Board
Established by EO 11632 of Nov. 22, 1971. Abolished by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973.
Rent Stabilization, Office of
Established by General Order 9 of Economic Stabilization Administrator July 31, 1951, pursuant to act of
June 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 193), and EO’ s 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950, and 10276 of July 31, 1951. Abolished by
EO 10475 of July 31, 1953, and functions transferred to Office of Defense Mobilization. Office of Research
and Development combined with Office of Minerals Policy Development in the Department of the Interior
May 21, 1976, under authority of Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950, to form Office of
Minerals Policy and Research Analysis. Abolished Sept. 30, 1981, by Secretarial Order 3070 and functions
transferred to Bureau of Mines.
Reports, Office of Government
Established July 1, 1939, to perform functions of National Emergency Council abolished by Reorg. Plan No.
II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Established as administrative unit of Executive Office of the President by
EO 8248 of Sept. 8, 1939. Consolidated with Office of War Information, Office for Emergency
Management, by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942. Reestablished in Executive Office of the President by EO 9809
of Dec. 12, 1946, which transferred to it functions of Media Programming Division and Motion Picture
Division, Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, and functions transferred from Bureau of Special

Services, Office of War Information, to Bureau of the Budget by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945. Subsequent to
enactment of act of July 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 588), functions of Office restricted to advertising and motion
picture liaison and operation of library. Terminated June 30, 1948.
Research, Office of University
Transferred from Office of Program Management and Administration, Research and Special Programs
Administration, to Office of Economics, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy and International
Affairs, under authority of the Department of Transportation appropriation request for FY 1985, effective
Oct. 1, 1984.
Research and Development Board
Established in the Department of Defense by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 499). Abolished by Reorg. Plan
No. 6 of 1953, effective June 30, 1953, and functions vested in the Secretary of Defense.
Research and Development Board, Joint
Established June 6, 1946, by charter of Secretaries of War and Navy. Terminated on creation of Research
and Development Board by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 506).
Research and Intelligence Service, Interim
Established in the Department of State by EO 9621 of Sept. 20, 1945. Abolished Dec. 31, 1945, pursuant to
terms of order.
Research and Special Programs Administration
Established by act of Oct. 24, 1992 (106 Stat. 3310). Abolished and certain duties and powers transferred
to both the Pipeline Hazardous Materials Safety Administration and the Administrator of the Research
and Innovative Technology Administration, Department of Transportation, by act of Nov. 30, 2004 (118
Stat. 2424–2426).
Research Resources, Division of
Established in National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services. Renamed National
Center for Research Resources by Secretarial notice of Feb. 23, 1990 (55 FR 6455) and act of June 10, 1993
(107 Stat. 178).
Research Service, Cooperative State
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1462, supp. 1, of Aug. 31, 1961. Consolidated into
Science and Education Administration by Secretary’s order of Jan. 24, 1978. Reestablished as Cooperative
State Research Service by Secretarial order of June 16, 1981.
Research and Service Division, Cooperative
Functions transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture in Farmer Cooperative Service by act of Aug. 6, 1953
(67 Stat. 390).
Resettlement Administration
Established by EO 7027 of Apr. 30, 1935. Functions transferred to the Department of Agriculture by EO
7530 of Dec. 31, 1936. Renamed Farm Security Administration by Secretary’s Memorandum 732 of Sept.
1, 1937. Abolished by act of Aug. 14, 1946 (60 Stat. 1062) and functions incorporated into the Farmers’
Home Administration, effective Jan. 1, 1947. Farmers’ Home Administration abolished, effective Dec. 27,
1994, under authority of Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994 (59 FR 66441). Functions
assumed by the Consolidated Farm Service Agency and the Rural Housing and Community Development
Service.
Resolution Trust Corporation
Established by act of Aug. 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 369). Board of Directors of the Corporation abolished by act
of Dec. 12, 1991 (105 Stat. 1769). Corporation functions terminated pursuant to act of Dec. 17, 1993 (107
Stat. 2369).

Resources Board and Advisory Committee, National
Established by EO 6777 of June 30, 1934. Abolished by EO 7065 of June 7, 1935, and functions transferred
to National Resources Committee.
Resources Committee, National
Established by EO 7065 of June 7, 1935. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and
functions transferred to National Resources Planning Board in Executive Office of the President. Board
terminated by act of June 26, 1943 (57 Stat. 169).
Resources Planning Board, National See Resources Committee, National
Retired Executives, Service Corps of
Established in ACTION by act of Oct. 1, 1973 (87 Stat. 404). Transferred to Small Business Administration
by EO 11871 of July 18, 1975.
Retraining and Reemployment Administration
Established by EO 9427 of Feb. 24, 1944, and act of Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 788). Transferred from Office of
War Mobilization and Reconversion to the Department of Labor by EO 9617 of Sept. 19, 1945. Terminated
pursuant to terms of act.
Revenue Sharing, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Treasury to administer programs authorized by acts of Oct. 20, 1972
(86 Stat. 919), and July 22, 1976 (90 Stat. 999). Transferred from the Office of the Secretary to Assistant
Secretary (Domestic Finance) by Department of the Treasury Order 242, rev. 1, of May 17, 1976.
Review, Division of
Established in National Recovery Administration by EO 7075 of June 15, 1935. Transferred to the
Department of Commerce by EO 7252 of Dec. 21, 1935, and functions terminated Apr. 1, 1936.
Committee of Industrial Analysis created by EO 7323 of Mar. 21, 1936, to complete work of Division.
RFC Mortgage Company
Organized under laws of Maryland Mar. 14, 1935, pursuant to act of Jan. 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5). Grouped
with other agencies to form Federal Loan Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939.
Transferred to the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan
Agency by act of Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Assets and liabilities transferred to Reconstruction Finance
Corporation by act of June 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 207).
River Basins, Neches, Trinity, Brazos, Colorado, Guadalupe, San Antonio, Nueces, and San Jacinto, and
Intervening Areas, U.S. Study Commission on
Established by act of Aug. 28, 1958 (72 Stat. 1058). Terminated June 30, 1962.
River Basins, Savannah, Altamaha, Saint Mary’s, Apalachicola-Chattahoochee, and Perdido-Escambia, and
Intervening Areas, U.S. Study Commission on
Established by act of Aug. 28, 1958 (72 Stat. 1090). Terminated Dec. 23, 1962.
Road Inquiry, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Agriculture under authority of act of Aug. 8, 1894 (28 Stat. 264). Federal
aid for highways to be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture through Office of Public Roads and
Rural Engineering authorized by act of July 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 355), known as Bureau of Public Roads after
July 1918. Transferred to Federal Works Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and
renamed Public Roads Administration. Transferred to General Services Administration as Bureau of Public
Roads by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380). Transferred to the Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan
No. 7 of 1949, effective Aug. 20, 1949. Transferred to the Secretary of Transportation by act of Oct. 15,
1966 (80 Stat. 931), and functions assigned to Federal Highway Administration.
Roads, Bureau of Public See Road Inquiry, Office of

Roads Administration, Public See Road Inquiry, Office of
Roads and Rural Engineering, Office of Public See Road Inquiry, Office of
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway Commission
Established by act of Mar. 14, 1913 (37 Stat. 885). Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, and functions
transferred to Office of National Parks, Buildings, and Reservations, Department of the Interior.
Roosevelt Centennial Commission, Theodore
Established by joint resolution of July 28, 1955 (69 Stat. 383). Terminated Oct. 27, 1959, pursuant to terms
of act.
Roosevelt Library, Franklin D.
Functions assigned to National Park Service by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1946, effective July 16, 1946,
transferred to General Services Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1963, effective July 27, 1963.
Roosevelt Library, Trustees of the Franklin D.
Established by joint resolution of July 18, 1939 (53 Stat. 1063). Transferred to General Services
Administration by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 381). Abolished by act of Mar. 5, 1958 (72 Stat. 34), and
Library operated by National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration.
Roosevelt Memorial Commission, Franklin Delano
Established by joint resolution of Aug. 11, 1955 (69 Stat. 694). Terminated by act of Nov. 14, 1997 (111
Stat. 1601).
Rubber Development Corporation
Establishment announced Feb. 20, 1943, by the Secretary of Commerce. Organized under laws of
Delaware as subsidiary of Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Assumed all activities of Rubber Reserve
Company relating to development of foreign rubber sources and procurement of rubber therefrom.
Functions transferred to Office of Economic Warfare by EO 9361 of July 15, 1943. Office consolidated into
Foreign Economic Administration by EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943. Office returned to Reconstruction Finance
Corporation by EO 9630 of Sept. 27, 1945. Certificate of incorporation expired June 30, 1947.
Rubber Producing Facilities Disposal Commission
Established by act of Aug. 7, 1953 (67 Stat. 408). Functions transferred to Federal Facilities Corporation by
EO 10678 of Sept. 20, 1956.
Rubber Reserve Company
Established June 28, 1940, under act of Jan. 22, 1932 (47 Stat. 5). Transferred from Federal Loan Agency
to the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of
Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Dissolved by act of June 30, 1945 (59 Stat. 310), and functions transferred to
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Rural Areas Development, Office of
Established by Secretary of Agriculture memorandum in 1961 (revised Sept. 21, 1962). Renamed Rural
Community Development Service by Secretary’s Memorandum 1570 of Feb. 24, 1965.
Rural Business and Cooperative Development Service
Established within the Department of Agriculture by Secretary’s Memorandum 1020–34 dated Dec. 31,
1991. Renamed Rural Business-Cooperative Service (61 FR 2899), effective Jan. 30, 1996.
Rural Community Development Service
Established by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1570 of Feb. 25, 1965, to supersede Office of Rural
Areas Development. Abolished Feb. 2, 1970, by Secretary’s Memorandum 1670 of Jan. 30, 1970, and
functions transferred to other agencies in the Department of Agriculture.

Rural Development Administration
Established within the Department of Agriculture by Secretary’s Memorandum 1020–34 dated Dec. 31,
1991. Abolished Dec. 27, 1994 (59 FR 66441) under authority of Secretary’s Memorandum 1010–1 dated
Oct. 20, 1994. Functions assumed by the Rural Business and Cooperative Development Service.
Rural Development Committee See Rural Development Program, Committee for
Rural Development Policy, Office of
Established initially as Office of Rural Development Policy Management and Coordination, Farmers Home
Administration, by Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum 1020–3 of Oct. 26, 1981. Abolished in 1986 due
to lack of funding.
Rural Development Program, Committee for
Established by EO 10847 of Oct. 12, 1959. Abolished by EO 11122 of Oct. 16, 1963, which established
Rural Development Committee. Committee superseded by EO 11307 of Sept. 30, 1966, and functions
assumed by the Secretary of Agriculture.
Rural Development Service
Established by Agriculture Secretarial order in 1973. Functions transferred to Office of Rural Development
Coordination and Planning, Farmers Home Administration, by Secretarial order in 1978.
Rural Electrification Administration
Established by EO 7037 of May 11, 1935. Functions transferred by EO 7458 of Sept. 26, 1936, to Rural
Electrification Administration established by act of May 20, 1936 (49 Stat. 1363). Transferred to the
Department of Agriculture by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Abolished by Secretary’s
Memorandum 1010–1 dated Oct. 20, 1994, and functions assumed by Rural Utilities Service.
Rural Housing and Community Development Service
Established by act of Oct. 13, 1994 (108 Stat. 3219). Renamed Rural Housing Service (61 FR 2899),
effective Jan. 30, 1996.
Rural Rehabilitation Division
Established April 1934 by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 55). Functions transferred to Resettlement
Administration by Federal Emergency Relief Administrator’s order of June 19, 1935.

S

TOP OF PAGE

Saint Elizabeth’s Hospital See Insane, Government Hospital for the
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
Established by act of May 13, 1954 (68 Stat. 92). Secretary of Commerce given direction of general policies
of Corporation by EO 10771 of June 20, 1958. Transferred to the Department of Transportation by act of
Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931).
Salary Stabilization, Office of See Salary Stabilization Board
Salary Stabilization Board
Established May 10, 1951, by Economic Stabilization Administrator’s General Order 8. Stabilization
program administered by Office of Salary Stabilization. Terminated Apr. 30, 1953, by EO 10434 of Feb. 6,
1953, and acts of June 30, 1952 (66 Stat. 296), and June 30, 1953 (67 Stat. 131).
Sales Manager, Office of the General

Established by the Secretary of Agriculture Feb. 29, 1976. Consolidated with Foreign Agricultural Service
by Secretary’s Memorandum 2001 of Nov. 29, 1979.
Savings Bonds, Interdepartmental Committee for the Voluntary Payroll Savings Plan for the Purchase of U.S.
Established by EO 11532 of June 2, 1970. Superseded by EO 11981 of Mar. 29, 1977, which established
Interagency Committee for the Purchase of U.S. Savings Bonds.
Savings and Loan Advisory Council, Federal
Established by act of Oct. 6, 1972 (86 Stat. 770). Continued by act of Dec. 26, 1974 (88 Stat. 1739).
Terminated by act of Aug. 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 422).
Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, Federal
Established by act of June 27, 1934 (48 Stat. 1246). Grouped with other agencies to form Federal Loan
Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to Federal Home Loan Bank
Administration, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942. Board of Trustees abolished by
Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1947, effective July 27, 1947, and functions transferred to Home Loan Bank Board.
Abolished by act of Aug. 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 354).
Savings Bonds Division, United States
Established by Departmental Order 62 of Dec. 26, 1945, as successor to the War and Finance Division,
War Savings Staff, and Defense Savings Staff. Functions transferred to Bureau of Public Debt by
Departmental Order 101–05 of May 11, 1994, and Division renamed Savings Bond Marketing Office.
Science, Engineering, and Technology, Federal Coordinating Council for
Established by act of May 11, 1976 (90 Stat. 471). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Feb.
26, 1978, and functions transferred to President. Functions redelegated to Director of the Office of
Science and Technology Policy and Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology,
established by EO 12039 of Feb. 24, 1978.
Science, Engineering, and Technology Panel, Intergovernmental
Established by act of May 11, 1976 (90 Stat. 465). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Feb.
26, 1978, and functions transferred to President. Functions redelegated to Director of Office of Science
and Technology Policy by EO 12039 of Feb. 24, 1978, which established Intergovernmental Science,
Engineering, and Technology Advisory Panel.
Science Advisory Committee, President’s
Established by President Apr. 20, 1951, and reconstituted Nov. 22, 1957. Terminated with Office of
Science and Technology, effective July 1, 1973.
Science Exhibit-Century 21 Exposition, U.S.
Established Jan. 20, 1960, by Department of Commerce Order 167. Abolished by revocation of order on
June 5, 1963.
Science and Technology, Federal Council for See Scientific Research and Development, Interdepartmental
Committee on
Science and Technology, Office of
Established by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1962, effective June 8, 1962. Office abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of
1973, effective June 30, 1973, and functions transferred to National Science Foundation.
Science and Technology, President’s Committee on
Established by act of May 11, 1976 (90 Stat. 468). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Feb.
26, 1978, and functions transferred to President.
Scientific and Policy Advisory Committee
Established by act of Sept. 26, 1961 (75 Stat. 631). Terminated Apr. 30, 1996 under terms of act.

Scientific Research and Development, Interdepartmental Committee on
Established by EO 9912 of Dec. 24, 1947. EO 9912 revoked by EO 10807 of Mar. 13, 1959, which
established Federal Council for Science and Technology. Abolished by act of May 11, 1976 (90 Stat. 472).
Scientific Research and Development, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8807 of June 28, 1941. Terminated by EO 9913 of
Dec. 26, 1947, and property transferred to National Military Establishment for liquidation.
Scientists and Engineers, National Committee for the Development of
Established by President Apr. 3, 1956. Renamed President’s Committee on Scientists and Engineers May 7,
1957. Final report submitted Dec. 17, 1958, and expired Dec. 31, 1958.
Scientists and Engineers, President’s Committee on See Scientists and Engineers, National Committee for the
Development of
Screw Thread Commission, National
Established by act of July 18, 1918 (40 Stat. 912). Terminated by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, and records
transferred to the Department of Commerce, effective Mar. 2, 1934. Informal Interdepartmental Screw
Thread Committee established on Sept. 14, 1939, consisting of representatives of the Departments of
War, the Navy, and Commerce.
Sea Grant Review Panel, National
Established by act of Oct. 8, 1976 (90 Stat. 1967). Renamed National Sea Grant Advisory Board by act of
Oct. 13, 2008 (122 Stat. 4207.
Secret Service, United States See Secret Service Division
Secret Service Division
Established July 5, 1865, as a Bureau under Treasury Department. Acknowledged as distinct agency within
Treasury Department in 1883. White House Police Force created on October 1, 1922, and placed under
supervision of Secret Service Division in 1930. White House Police Force renamed Executive Protective
Service by act of June 30, 1970 (84 Stat. 358). Executive Protective Service renamed U.S. Secret Service
Uniformed Division by act of Nov. 15, 1977 (91 Stat. 1371). Treasury Police Force merged into Secret
Service on Oct. 5, 1986. U.S. Secret Service transferred to Homeland Security Department by act of Nov.
25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2224).
Security and Safety Performance Assurance, Office of
Established by Secretary of Energy memorandum of December 2, 2003. Abolished by Secretary’s
Memorandum 2006-007929 of Aug. 30, 2006 and functions transferred to the Office of Health, Safety and
Security.
Security, Commission on Government
Established by act of Aug. 9, 1955 (69 Stat. 595). Terminated Sept. 22, 1957, pursuant to terms of act.
Security, Office of the Director for Mutual See Security Agency, Mutual
Security Agency, Federal
Established by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, grouping under one administration Office
of Education, Public Health Service, Social Security Board, U.S. Employment Service, Civilian Conservation
Corps, and National Youth Administration. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1953, effective Apr. 11, 1953,
and functions and units transferred to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Security Agency, Mutual
Established and continued by acts of Oct. 10, 1951 (65 Stat. 373) and June 20, 1952 (66 Stat. 141). Agency
and Office of Director for Mutual Security abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1953, effective Aug. 1, 1953,
and functions transferred to Foreign Operations Administration, established by same plan.

Security and Individual Rights, President’s Commission on Internal
Established by EO 10207 of Jan. 23, 1951. Terminated by EO 10305 of Nov. 14, 1951.
Security Resources Board, National
Established by act of July 26, 1947 (61 Stat. 499). Transferred to Executive Office of the President by
Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1949, effective Aug. 20, 1949. Functions of Board transferred to Chairman and Board
made advisory to him by Reorg. Plan No. 25 of 1950, effective July 10, 1950. Functions delegated by
Executive order transferred to Office of Defense Mobilization by EO 10438 of Mar. 13, 1953. Board
abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1953, effective June 12, 1953, and remaining functions transferred to
Office of Defense Mobilization.
Security Training Commission, National
Established by act of June 19, 1951 (65 Stat. 75). Expired June 30, 1957, pursuant to Presidential letter of
Mar. 25, 1957.
Seed Loan Office
Authorized by Presidential letters of July 26, 1918, and July 26, 1919, to the Secretary of Agriculture.
Further authorized by act of Mar. 3, 1921 (41 Stat. 1347). Office transferred to Farm Credit Administration
by EO 6084 of Mar. 27, 1933.
Selective Service Appeal Board, National
Established by EO 9988 of Aug. 20, 1948. Inactive as of Apr. 11, 1975.
Selective Service Records, Office of See Selective Service System
Selective Service System
Established by act of Sept. 16, 1940 (54 Stat. 885). Placed under jurisdiction of War Manpower
Commission by EO 9279 of Dec. 5, 1942, and designated Bureau of Selective Service. Designated Selective
Service System, separate agency, by EO 9410 of Dec. 23, 1943. Transferred for liquidation to Office of
Selective Service Records established by act of Mar. 31, 1947 (61 Stat. 31). Transferred to Selective Service
System by act of June 24, 1948 (62 Stat. 604).
Self-Help Development and Technical Development, Office of
Established in National Consumer Cooperative Bank by act of Aug. 20, 1978 (92 Stat. 499). Abolished by
act of Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 437), and assets transferred to Consumer Cooperative Development
Corporation, Department of Commerce, Dec. 30, 1982.
Services, Bureau of Special See Office of War Information
Services, Division of Central Administrative
Established by Liaison Officer for Emergency Management pursuant to Presidential letter of Feb. 28, 1941.
Terminated by EO 9471 of Aug. 25, 1944, and functions discontinued or transferred to constituent
agencies of Office for Emergency Management and other agencies.
Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee
Originally organized by National Defense Advisory Commission in 1940. Established August 1942 by War
Production Board. Transferred to the Department of Labor from Civilian Production Administration,
successor agency to Board, by EO 9656 of Nov. 15, 1945. Terminated June 30, 1947.
Shipping Board, U.S.
Established by act of Sept. 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 729). Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, and functions,
including those with respect to U.S. Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation, transferred to U.S.
Shipping Board Bureau, Department of Commerce, effective Mar. 2, 1934. Separation of employees
deferred until Sept. 30, 1933, by EO 6245 of Aug. 9, 1933. Functions assumed by U.S. Maritime
Commission Oct. 26, 1936, pursuant to act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 1985).

Shipping Board Bureau, U.S. See Shipping Board, U.S.
Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation, U.S.
Established Apr. 16, 1917, under authority of act of Sept. 7, 1916 (39 Stat. 729). Renamed U.S. Shipping
Board Merchant Fleet Corporation by act of Feb. 11, 1927 (44 Stat. 1083). Terminated Oct. 26, 1936,
under provisions of act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 1985), and functions transferred to U.S. Maritime
Commission.
Shipping Board Merchant Fleet Corporation, U.S. See Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation, U.S.
Ships, Bureau of
Established by act of June 20, 1940 (54 Stat. 493), to replace Bureau of Engineering and Bureau of
Construction and Repair. Abolished by Department of Defense reorg. order of Mar. 9, 1966, and functions
transferred to the Secretary of the Navy (31 FR 7188).
Simpson Historical Research Center, Albert F.
Renamed Headquarters USAF Historical Research Center by special order of Dec. 16, 1983 of the Secretary
of Defense.
Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of
Established within certain Defense Departments by act of Oct. 24, 1978 (92 Stat. 1770). Renamed Office
of Small Business Programs by Public Law 109–163 of Jan. 6, 2006 (119 Stat. 3399).
Smithsonian Symposia and Seminars, Office of
Renamed Office of Interdisciplinary Studies by Smithsonian Institution announcement of Mar. 16, 1987.
Social Development Institute, Inter-American
Established by act of Dec. 30, 1969 (83 Stat. 821). Renamed Inter-American Foundation by act of Feb. 7,
1972 (86 Stat. 34).
Social Protection, Committee on
Established in Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services by administrative order June 14, 1941.
Functions transferred to Federal Security Agency by EO 9338 of Apr. 29, 1943.
Social and Rehabilitation Service
Established by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967. Abolished
by Secretary’s reorganization of Mar. 8, 1977 (42 FR 13262), and constituent units—Medical Services
Administration, Assistance Payments Administration, Office of Child Support Enforcement, and Public
Services Administration—transferred.
Social Security Administration See Social Security Board
Social Security Board
Established by act of Aug. 14, 1935 (49 Stat. 620). Incorporated into Federal Security Agency by Reorg.
Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Social Security Board abolished and Social Security
Administration established by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 16, 1946, and
functions of the Board transferred to Federal Security Administrator. Social Security Administration
transferred from the Federal Security Agency by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.),
effective Apr. 11, 1953, to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Social Security
Administration became an independent agency in the executive branch by act of Aug. 15, 1994 (108 Stat.
1464), effective Mar. 31, 1995.
Soil Conservation Service See Soil Erosion Service

Soil Erosion Service
Established in the Department of the Interior following allotment made Aug. 25, 1933. Transferred to the
Department of Agriculture by Secretary of Interior administrative order of Mar. 25, 1935. Made Soil
Conservation Service by order of the Secretary of Agriculture, Apr. 27, 1935, pursuant to provisions of act
of Apr. 27, 1935 (49 Stat. 163). Certain functions of Soil Conservation Service under jurisdiction of the
Department of the Interior transferred from the Department of Agriculture to the Department of the
Interior by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Soil Conservation Service abolished by act
of Oct. 13, 1994 (108 Stat. 3225) and functions assumed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Soils, Bureau of See Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, Bureau of and Plant Industry, Bureau of
Solicitor General, Office of Assistant
Established in the Department of Justice by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 307). Terminated by Reorg. Plan
No. 2 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Southeastern Power Administration
Established by the Secretary of the Interior in 1943 to carry out functions under act of Dec. 22, 1944 (58
Stat. 890). Transferred to the Department of Energy by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578).
Southwestern Power Administration
Established by the Secretary of the Interior in 1943 to carry out functions under act of Dec. 22, 1944 (58
Stat. 890). Transferred to the Department of Energy by act of Aug. 4, 1977 (91 Stat. 578).
Space Access and Technology, Office of
Established in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abolished by Administrator’s order of
Feb. 24, 1997.
Space Communications, Office of
Established in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abolished by Administrator’s order of
Feb. 24, 1997.
Space Payload Technology Organization, Joint Operationally Responsive
Established by act of Jan. 6, 2006 (119 Stat. 3408). Abolished by acts of Oct. 17, 2006 (120 Stat. 2358) and
Dec. 20, 2006 (120 Stat. 3286).
Space Science, Office of See Space and Terrestrial Applications, Office of
Space Science Board
Renamed Space Studies Board by authority of the National Research Council, National Academy of
Sciences, effective May 8, 1989.
Space Station, Office of
Established in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abolished in 1990 and remaining
functions transferred to the Office of Space Flight.
Space Technology Laboratories, National
Renamed John C. Stennis Space Center by EO 12641 of May 20, 1988.
Space and Terrestrial Applications, Office of
Combined with Office of Space Science to form Office of Space Science and Applications by National
Aeronautics and Space Administrator’s announcement of Sept. 29, 1981.
Space Tracking and Data Systems, Office of
Renamed Office of Space Operations by National Aeronautics and Space Administrator’s announcement
of Jan. 9, 1987.

Space Transportation Operations, Office of
Combined with Office of Space Transportation Systems to form Office of Space Transportation Systems,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, effective July 1982.
Space Transportation Systems, Office of See Space Transportation Operations, Office of
Spanish-Speaking People, Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for See Mexican-American Affairs, Interagency
Committee on
Special. See other part of title
Specifications Board, Federal
Established by Bureau of the Budget Circular 42 of Oct. 10, 1921. Transferred from Federal Coordinating
Service to Procurement Division by order of Oct. 9, 1933 of the Secretary of the Treasury. Board
superseded by Federal Specifications Executive Committee, set up by Director of Procurement under
Circular Letter 106 of July 16, 1935.
Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Interior by act of Aug. 8, 1956 (70 Stat. 1119). Bureau replaced by
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service pursuant to act of Apr. 22, 1974 (88 Stat. 92).
Standards, National Bureau of See Weights and Measures, Office of Standard
State, Department of
Duty of Secretary of State of procuring copies of all statutes of the States, as provided for in act of Sept.
28, 1789 (R.S. 206), abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 20 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950. Functions of
numbering, editing, and distributing proclamations and Executive orders transferred from the
Department of State to the Division of the Federal Register, National Archives, by EO 7298 of Feb. 18,
1936. Duty of Secretary of State of publishing Executive proclamations and treaties in newspapers in
District of Columbia, provided for in act of July 31, 1876 (19 Stat. 105), abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 20 of
1950, effective May 24, 1950. Functions concerning publication of U.S. Statutes at Large, acts and joint
resolutions in pamphlet form known as slip laws, and amendments to the Constitution; electoral votes for
President and Vice President; and Territorial papers transferred from the Department of State to the
Administrator of the General Services Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 20 of 1950. (See also Archives
Establishment, National)
State and Local Cooperation, Division of
Established by Advisory Commission to Council of National Defense Aug. 5, 1940. Transferred to Office of
Civilian Defense.
State and Local Government Cooperation, Committee on
Established by EO 11627 of Oct 15, 1971. Abolished by EO 11695 of Jan. 11, 1973.
State Technical Services, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Nov. 19, 1965, pursuant to act of Sept. 14, 1965 (79 Stat. 697).
Abolished by Secretary, effective June 30, 1970.
Statistical Board, Central
Organized Aug. 9, 1933, by EO 6225 of July 27, 1933. Transferred to Bureau of the Budget by Reorg. Plan
No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Expired July 25, 1940, and functions taken over by Division of
Statistical Standards, Bureau of the Budget.
Statistical Committee, Central
Established by act of July 25, 1935 (49 Stat. 498). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939, and functions transferred to Bureau of the Budget.

Statistical Policy Coordination Committee
Established by EO 12013 of Oct. 7, 1977. Abolished by EO 12318 of Aug. 21, 1981.
Statistical Reporting Service
Established by Memorandum 1446, supp. 1, part 3, of 1961 of the Secretary of Agriculture. Consolidated
with other departmental units into Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service by Secretary’s
Memorandum 1927, effective Dec. 23, 1977. Redesignated as Statistical Reporting Service by Secretary’s
order of Oct. 1, 1981. Renamed National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Statistics Administration, Social and Economic
Established Jan. 1, 1972, by the Secretary of Commerce. Terminated by Department of Commerce
Organization Order 10–2, effective Aug. 4, 1975 (40 FR 42765). Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau
of the Census restored as primary operating units of the Department of Commerce by Organization
Orders 35–1A and 2A, effective Aug. 4, 1975.
Statutes at Large See State, Department of
Statutes of the States See State, Department of
Steam Engineering, Bureau of
Established in the Department of the Navy by act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510). Redesignated as Bureau of
Engineering by act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 828). Abolished by act of June 20, 1940 (54 Stat. 492), and
functions transferred to Bureau of Ships.
Steamboat Inspection Service
President authorized to appoint Service by act of June 28, 1838 (5 Stat. 252). Secretary of Treasury
authorized to establish boards of local inspectors at enumerated ports throughout the U.S. by act of Feb.
28, 1871 (16 Stat. 440). Authority to appoint boards of local inspectors delegated to Secretary of
Commerce and Labor by act of Mar. 4, 1905 (33 Stat. 1026). Consolidated with Bureau of Navigation and
Steamboat Inspection by act of June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 415).
Stock Catalog Board, Federal Standard
Originated by act of Mar. 2, 1929 (45 Stat. 1461). Transferred from Federal Coordinating Service to
Procurement Division by order of Oct. 9, 1933 of the Secretary of the Treasury.
Strategic Defense Initiative Organization
Established in 1986 as a separate agency of the Department of Defense. Renamed Ballistic Missile
Defense Organization by Deputy Secretary’s memorandum in May 1993.
Strategic Posture of the United States, Commission on the Implementation of the New
Established by act of Jan. 6, 2006 (119 Stat. 3431). Terminated by act of Jan. 28, 2009 (122 Stat. 328)
Strategic Services, Office of See Information, Office of Coordinator of
Strategic Trade, Office of
Established in the U.S. Customs and Border Protection pursuant to Customs Service Reorganization plan,
effective Sept. 30, 1995. Abolished by act of Oct. 13, 2006 (120 Stat. 1924) and functions transferred to
the Office of International Trade.
Subversive Activities Control Board
Established by act of Sept. 23, 1950 (64 Stat. 987). Terminated June 30, 1973, due to lack of funding.
Sugar Division
Created by act of May 12, 1933 (48 Stat. 31), authorized by act of Sept. 1, 1937 (50 Stat. 903). Taken from
Agricultural Adjustment Administration and made independent division of the Department of Agriculture
by Secretary’s Memorandum 783, effective Oct. 16, 1938. Placed under Agricultural Conservation and

Adjustment Administration by EO 9069 of Feb. 23, 1942, functioning as Sugar Agency. Functions
transferred to Food Distribution Administration by EO 9280 of Dec. 5, 1942.
Sugar Rationing Administration
Established by Memorandum 1190 of Mar. 31, 1947, of the Secretary of Agriculture under authority of act
of Mar. 31, 1947 (61 Stat. 35). Terminated Mar. 31, 1948, on expiration of authority.
Supplies and Accounts, Bureau of See Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of
Supplies and Shortages, National Commission on
Established by act of Sept. 30, 1974 (88 Stat. 1168). Terminated Mar. 31, 1977, pursuant to terms of act.
Supply, Bureau of Federal See Procurement Division
Supply, Office of
Renamed Office of Procurement and Property by Smithsonian Institution announcement of Nov. 4, 1986.
Supply Committee, General
Established by act of June 17, 1910 (36 Stat. 531). Abolished by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933, effective Mar.
2, 1934, and functions transferred to Procurement Division, the Department of the Treasury.
Supply Priorities and Allocations Board
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 8875 of Aug. 28, 1941. Abolished by EO 9024 of
Jan. 16, 1942, and functions transferred to War Production Board.
Supply Service, Federal
Renamed Office of Personal Property by General Services Administration (GSA) order, effective Sept. 28,
1982; later renamed Office of Federal Supply and Services by GSA order of Jan. 22, 1983; then
redesignated Federal Supply Service. Merged with Federal Technology Service to form Federal Acquisition
Service by GSA Order No. 5440.591 of Sept. 9, 2005. See also act of Oct. 6, 2006 (120 Stat. 1735).
Surveys and Maps, Federal Board of See Surveys and Maps of the Federal Government, Board of
Surveys and Maps of the Federal Government, Board of
Established by EO 3206 of Dec. 30, 1919. Renamed Federal Board of Surveys and Maps by EO 7262 of Jan.
4, 1936. Abolished by EO 9094 of Mar. 10, 1942, and functions transferred to Director, Bureau of the
Budget.
Space System Development, Office of
Established in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Renamed Office of Space Access and
Technology in 1995.

T

TOP OF PAGE

Tariff Commission, U.S.
Established by act of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 795). Renamed U.S. International Trade Commission by act of
Jan. 3, 1975 (88 Stat. 2009).
Tax Appeals, Board of
Established as an independent agency within the executive branch by act of June 2, 1924 (43 Stat. 336).
Continued by acts of Feb. 26, 1926 (44 Stat. 105) and Feb. 10, 1939 (53 Stat. 158). Renamed Tax Court of
the United States by act of Aug. 16, 1954 (68A Stat. 879). Renamed United States Tax Court by act of Dec.
30, 1969 (83 Stat. 730).

Technical Advisory Board for First Responder Interoperability
Established by act of Feb. 22, 2012 (126 Stat. 208). Terminated on July 6, 2012 by operation of law.
Technical Cooperation Administration
Transferred from the Department of State to Mutual Security Agency by EO 10458 of June 1, 1953.
Transferred to Foreign Operations Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1953, effective Aug. 1, 1953.
Technical Services, Office of
Designated unit of Office of the Secretary of Commerce by Department Order 179, July 23, 1962.
Functions transferred to National Bureau of Standards by Order 90 of Jan. 30, 1964.
Technology Administration
Established by act of Oct. 24, 1988 (102 Stat. 2593). Abolished by act of Aug. 9, 2007 (121 Stat. 587) and
functions absorbed by National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce.
Technology Assessment, Office of
Created by act of Oct. 13, 1972 (86 Stat. 797). Office inactive as of Sept. 30, 1995.
Technology, Automation, and Economic Progress, National Commission on
Established by act of Aug. 19, 1964 (78 Stat. 463). Terminated January 1966 pursuant to terms of act.
Technology Service, Federal
Merged with Federal Supply Service to form Federal Acquisition Service by General Services
Administration Order No. 5440.591 of Sept. 9, 2005. See also act of Oct. 6, 2006 (120 Stat. 1735).
Telecommunications Adviser to the President
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 10297 of Oct. 9, 1951. EO 10297 revoked by EO
10460 of June 16, 1953, and functions transferred to Director of Office of Defense Mobilization.
Telecommunications Management, Director of
Established in Office of Emergency Planning by EO 10995 of Feb. 16, 1962. Assignment of radio
frequencies delegated to Government agencies and foreign diplomatic establishments by EO 11084 of
Feb. 16, 1963. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1970, effective Apr. 20, 1970.
Telecommunications Policy, Office of
Established in Executive Office of the President by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1970, effective Apr. 20, 1970.
Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1977, effective Mar. 26, 1978, and certain functions transferred to
President with all other functions transferred to the Department of Commerce.
Telecommunications Service, Automated Data
Renamed Office of Information Resources Management by General Services Administration order of Aug.
17, 1982. Later renamed Information Resources Management Service.
Temporary Controls, Office of
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9809 of Dec. 12, 1946, consolidating Office of
War Mobilization and Reconversion, Office of Economic Stabilization, Office of Price Administration, and
Civilian Production Administration. Functions with respect to Veterans’ Emergency Housing Program
transferred to Housing Expediter by EO 9836 of Mar. 22, 1947. Functions with respect to distribution and
price of sugar products transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture by act of Mar. 31, 1947 (61 Stat. 36).
Office terminated by EO 9841 of Apr. 23, 1947, and remaining functions redistributed.
Temporary Emergency Court of Appeals
Established by act of Dec. 22, 1971 (85 Stat. 749). Abolished by act of Oct. 29, 1992, effective Apr. 30,
1993 (106 Stat. 4507). Court’s jurisdiction and pending cases transferred to the United States Court of
Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Territorial Affairs, Office of
Established by Interior Secretarial Order 2951 of Feb. 6, 1973. Abolished by Departmental Manual Release
2270 of June 6, 1980, and functions transferred to Office of Assistant Secretary for Territorial and
International Affairs.
Territorial papers See State, Department of
Territories, Office of
Established by the Secretary of the Interior July 28, 1950. Functions reassigned to Deputy Assistant
Secretary for Territorial Affairs in Office of the Assistant Secretary—Public Land Management, Department
of the Interior, by Secretarial Order 2942, effective July 1, 1971.
Terrorism, Cabinet Committee To Combat
Established by Presidential memorandum of Sept. 25, 1972. Terminated by National Security Council
memorandum of Sept. 16, 1977.
Terrorist Threat Integration Center
Established on May 1, 2003, pursuant to Presidential initiative. Transferred to the National
Counterterrorism Center by act of Dec. 17, 2004 (118 Stat. 3697).
Textile National Industrial Relations Board
Established by administrative order of June 28, 1934. Abolished by EO 6858 of Sept. 26, 1934, which
created Textile Labor Relations Board in connection with the Department of Labor. Board terminated July
1, 1937, and functions absorbed by U.S. Conciliation Service, Department of Labor.
Textile National Industrial Relations Board, Cotton
Established by original Code of Fair Competition for the Cotton Textile Industry, as amended July 10, 1934.
Abolished by EO 6858 of Sept. 26, 1934.
Textile Work Assignment Board, Cotton
Amendments to Code of Fair Competition for Cotton Textile Industry approved by EO 6876 of Oct. 16,
1934, and Cotton Textile Work Assignment Board appointed by Textile Labor Relations Board. Board
expired June 15, 1935.
Textile Work Assignment Board, Silk
Appointed by Textile Labor Relations Board following President’s approval of amendments to Code of Fair
Competition for Silk Textile Industry by EO 6875 of Oct. 16, 1934. Terminated June 15, 1935.
Textile Work Assignment Board, Wool
Established by EO 6877 of Oct. 16, 1934. Terminated June 15, 1935.
Textiles, Office of
Established by the Secretary of Commerce Feb. 14, 1971. Functions transferred to Domestic and
International Business Administration, effective Nov. 17, 1972.
Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board. See Oversight Board (of the Resolution Trust Corporation).
Thrift Supervision, Office of
Established by act of August 9, 1989 (103 Stat. 352). Abolished by act of July 21. 2010, (124 Stat. 1522),
and functions transferred to Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation, Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
.
Trade, Special Adviser to the President on Foreign
Established by EO 6651 of Mar. 23, 1934. Terminated on expiration of National Recovery Administration.
Trade Administration, International See Business and Defense Services Administration

Trade Agreements, Interdepartmental Committee on
Established by Secretary of State in 1934 and reestablished by EO 9832 of Feb. 25, 1947. Abolished by EO
11075 of Jan. 15, 1963.
Trade and Development Program
Established by act of Sept. 4, 1961, as amended (88 Stat. 1804). Designated separate entity within the U.S.
International Development Cooperation Agency by act of Sept. 4, 1961, as amended (102 Stat. 1329).
Renamed Trade and Development Agency by act of Oct. 28, 1992 (106 Stat. 3657).
Trade Expansion Act Advisory Committee
Established by EO 11075 of Jan. 15, 1963. Abolished by EO 11846 of Mar. 27, 1975, and records
transferred to Trade Policy Committee established by same EO.
Trade Negotiations, Office of the Special Representative for
Renamed Office of the U.S. Trade Representative by EO 12188 of Jan. 4, 1980.
Trade Policy Committee
Established by EO 10741 of Nov. 25, 1957. Abolished by EO 11075 of Jan. 15, 1963.
Traffic Safety, President’s Committee for
Established by Presidential letter of Apr. 14, 1954. Continued by EO 10858 of Jan. 13, 1960. Abolished by
EO 11382 of Nov. 28, 1967.
Traffic Safety Agency, National
Established in the Department of Commerce by act of Sept. 9, 1966 (80 Stat. 718). Activity transferred to
the Department of Transportation by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 931). Responsibility placed in National
Highway Safety Bureau by EO 11357 of June 6, 1967.
Training and Employment Service, U.S.
Established in Manpower Administration, Department of Labor, Mar. 17, 1969. Abolished by Secretary’s
letter of Dec. 6, 1971, and functions assigned to Office of Employment Development Programs and U.S.
Employment Service.
Training School for Boys, National See District of Columbia, Reform-School of the
Transportation, Federal Coordinator of
Established by act of June 16, 1933 (48 Stat. 211). Expired June 16, 1936, under provisions of Public
Resolution 27 (49 Stat. 376).
Transportation, Office of
Established in the Department of Agriculture by Secretary’s Memorandum 1966 dated Dec. 12, 1978.
Abolished by Secretary’s Memorandum 1030–25 dated Dec. 28, 1990.
Transportation and Communications Service
Established by General Services Administrator Oct. 19, 1961. Abolished by Administrator’s order, effective
July 15, 1972. Motor equipment, transportation, and public utilities responsibilities assigned to Federal
Supply Service; telecommunications function assigned to Automated Data Telecommunications Service.
Transportation and Public Utilities Service
Abolished by General Services Administration order of Aug. 17, 1982. Functions transferred to various
GSA organizations.
Transportation Safety Board, National
Established in the Department of Transportation by act of Oct. 15, 1966 (80 Stat. 935). Abolished by act of

Jan. 3, 1975 (88 Stat. 2156), which established independent National Transportation Safety Board.
Transportation Security Administration
Established by act of Nov. 19, 2001 (115 Stat. 597). Functions transferred from Department of
Transportation to Department of Homeland Security by act of Nov. 25, 2002 (116 Stat. 2178).
Transportation Statistics, Bureau of
Established by act of Dec. 18, 1991 (105 Stat. 2172). Transferred to Research and Innovative Technology
Administration, Transportation Department, by act of Nov. 30, 2004 (118 Stat. 2424).
Travel Service, U.S.
Replaced by U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration, Department of Commerce, pursuant to act of Oct.
16, 1981 (95 Stat. 1014).
Travel and Tourism Administration, U.S.
Established by act of Oct. 16, 1981 (95 Stat. 1014). Abolished by act of Oct. 11, 1996 (110 Stat. 3407).
Travel and Tourism Advisory Board
Established by act of Oct. 16, 1981 (95 Stat. 1017). Abolished by act of Oct. 11, 1996 (110 Stat. 3407).
Treasury, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the— Electronics and Information Technology
Established by Secretary’s Order 114–1 of Mar. 14, 1983. Abolished by Secretary’s Order 114–3 of May 17,
1985, and functions transferred to Office of the Assistant Secretary for Management. Certain provisions
effective Aug. 31, 1985 (50 FR 23573).
Treasury, Solicitor of the
Position established when certain functions of Solicitor of the Treasury transferred to the Department of
Justice by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Solicitor of the Treasury transferred from the Department of Justice
to the Department of the Treasury by same order. Office of Solicitor of the Treasury abolished by act of
May 10, 1934 (48 Stat. 758), and functions transferred to General Counsel, the Department of the
Treasury.
Treasury Police Force See Secret Service Division
Treasury Secretary, Assistant
Office abolished by Reorg. Plan No. III of 1940, effective June 30, 1940, and functions transferred to Fiscal
Assistant Secretary, Department of the Treasury.
Treasury Under Secretary for Enforcement, Office of
Established by act of Oct. 28, 1993 (107 Stat. 1234). Office abolished by act of Dec. 8, 2004 (118 Stat.
3245), and functions transferred to the Office of the Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Crimes,
Department of the Treasury.
Treaties See State, Department of
Typhus Commission, U.S. of America
Established in Department of War by EO 9285 of Dec. 24, 1942. Abolished June 30, 1946, by EO 9680 of
Jan. 17, 1946.

U

TOP OF PAGE

U.S. See other part of title
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, School of Medicine of the

Renamed F. Edward He´bert School of Medicine by act of Sept. 24, 1983 (97 Stat. 704).
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
U.S. membership in UNESCO authorized by act of July 30, 1946 (60 Stat. 712). Announcement of U.S.
intention to withdraw made Dec. 28, 1983, in accordance with UNESCO constitution. Official U.S.
withdrawal effective Dec. 31, 1984, by Secretary of State’s letter of Dec. 19, 1984. The U.S. maintained
status as an observer mission in UNESCO from 1984-2003, and rejoined the organization in October 2003.
Upper Mississippi River Basin Commission
Established by EO 11659 of Mar. 22, 1972. Terminated by EO 12319 of Sept. 9, 1981.
Urban Affairs, Council for
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 11452 of Jan. 23, 1969. Terminated by EO 11541 of
July 1, 1970.
Urban Mass Transportation Administration
Functions regarding urban mass transportation established in the Department of Housing and Urban
Development by act of July 9, 1964 (78 Stat. 302). Most functions transferred to the Department of
Transportation by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1968, effective June 30, 1968 (82 Stat. 1369), and joint
responsibility assigned to the Departments of Transportation and Housing and Urban Development for
functions relating to research, technical studies, and training. Transportation and Housing and Urban
Development Under Secretaries agreed in November 1969 that the Department of Transportation should
be focal point for urban mass transportation grant administration; at which time functions transferred to
the Department of Transportation. Renamed Federal Transit Administration by act of Dec. 18, 1991 (105
Stat. 2088).
Urban Renewal Administration
Established in Housing and Home Finance Agency by Administrator’s Organizational Order 1 of Dec. 23,
1954. Functions transferred to the Department of Housing and Urban Development by act of Sept. 9, 1965
(78 Stat. 667), and Administration terminated.
Utilization and Disposal Service
Established July 1, 1961, by Administrator of General Services and assigned functions of Federal Supply
Service and Public Buildings Service. Functions transferred to Property Management and Disposal Service
July 29, 1966.

V

TOP OF PAGE

Veterans Administration
Legal work in defense of suits against the U.S. arising under act of June 7, 1924 (43 Stat. 607), transferred
to the Department of Justice by EO 6166 of June 10, 1933. Transfer deferred to Sept. 10, 1933, by EO
6222 of July 27, 1933. Established as an independent agency under the President by Executive Order 5398
of July 21, 1930, in accordance with the act of July 3, 1930 (46 Stat. 1016) and the act of Sept. 2, 1958 (72
Stat. 1114). Made an executive department in the executive branch and redesignated the Department of
Veterans Affairs by act of Oct. 25, 1988 (102 Stat. 2635).
Veterans Appeals, U.S. Court of
Established by act of Nov. 18, 1988 (102 Stat. 4113). Renamed U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
by act of Nov. 11, 1998 (112 Stat. 3341).
Veterans Education Appeals Board See Veterans Tuition Appeals Board

Veterans Employment and Training, Advisory Committee on
Renamed Advisory Committee on Veterans Employment, Training, and Employer Outreach by act of June
15, 2006 (120 Stat. 403).
Veterans Employment Service
Renamed Veterans’ Employment and Training Service by Order 4–83 of Mar. 24, 1983 of the Secretary of
Labor (48 FR 14092).
Veterans Health Administration See Medicine and Surgery, Department of
Veterans Health Services and Research Administration See Medicine and Surgery, Department of
Veterans Placement Service Board
Established by act of June 22, 1944 (58 Stat. 293). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949, effective Aug.
20, 1949, and functions transferred to the Secretary of Labor.
Veterans Tuition Appeals Board
Established by act of Aug. 24, 1949 (63 Stat. 654). Functions assumed by Veterans Education Appeals
Board established by act of July 13, 1950 (64 Stat. 336). Board terminated by act of Aug. 28, 1957 (71 Stat.
474).
Veterinary Medicine, Bureau of
Established in Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Renamed
Center for Veterinary Medicine by FDA notice of Mar. 9, 1984 (49 FR 10166).
Virgin Islands
Public works programs under act of Dec. 20, 1944 (58 Stat. 827), transferred from General Services
Administrator to the Secretary of the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. 15 of 1950, effective May 24, 1950.
Virgin Islands Company
Established in 1934. Reincorporated as Government corporation by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 350).
Program terminated June 30, 1965, and Corporation dissolved July 1, 1966.
Virgin Islands Corporation See Virgin Islands Company
Visitor Facilities Advisory Commission, National
Established by act of Mar. 12, 1968 (82 Stat. 45). Expired Jan. 5, 1975, pursuant to act of Oct. 6, 1972 (86
Stat. 776).
Vocational and Adult Education, Office of
Established by act of Oct. 17, 1979 (93 Stat. 674). Renamed Office of Career, Technical, and Adult
Education by act of Jan. 17, 2014 (128 Stat. 399).
Vocational Rehabilitation, Office of
Established to administer provisions of act of July 6, 1943 (57 Stat. 374). Other duties delegated by acts of
Aug. 3, 1954 (68 Stat. 652), Nov. 8, 1965 (79 Stat. 1282), July 12, 1960 (74 Stat. 364), and July 10, 1954 (68
Stat. 454). Redesignated Vocational Rehabilitation Administration Jan. 28, 1963. Made component of
newly created Social and Rehabilitation Service as Rehabilitation Services Administration by Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967.
Vocational Rehabilitation Administration See Vocational Rehabilitation, Office of
Voluntary Citizen Participation, State Office of
Renamed State Office of Volunteerism in ACTION by notice of Apr. 18, 1986 (51 FR 13265), effective May
18, 1986.

Volunteer Service, International, Secretariat for
Established in 1962 by International Conference on Middle Level Manpower called by President.
Terminated Mar. 31, 1976, due to insufficient funding.
Volunteers in Service to America
Established by act of Nov. 8, 1966 (80 Stat. 1472). Service administered by Office of Economic Opportunity
and functions transferred to ACTION by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1971, effective July 1, 1971.

W

TOP OF PAGE

Wage Adjustment Board
Established May 29, 1942, by the Secretary of Labor at Presidential direction of May 14, 1942, to
accomplish purpose of act of Mar. 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494), as amended by acts of Aug. 30, 1935 (49 Stat.
1011), and Jan. 30, 1942 (56 Stat. 23). Disbanded on termination of National Wage Stabilization Board.
Wage and Price Stability, Council on
Established in Executive Office of the President by act of Aug. 24, 1974 (88 Stat. 750). Abolished by EO
12288 of Jan. 29, 1981. Funding ceased beyond June 5, 1981, by act of June 5, 1981 (95 Stat. 74), and
authorization for appropriations repealed by act of Aug. 13, 1981 (95 Stat. 432).
Wage and Price Stability Program See Wage and Price Stability, Council on
Wage Stabilization Board
Established by EO 10161 of Sept. 9, 1950. Reconstituted by EO 10377 of July 25, 1952. Terminated Apr.
30, 1953, by EO 10434 of Feb. 6, 1953, and acts of June 30, 1952 (66 Stat. 296), and June 30, 1953 (67
Stat. 131).
Wage Stabilization Board, National See Defense Mediation Board, National
Wallops Flight Center, Wallops Island, VA
Formerly separate field installation of National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Made component
of Goddard Space Flight Center by NASA Management Instruction 1107.10A of Sept. 3, 1981.
War, Solid Fuels Administration for
Established in the Department of the Interior by EO 9332 of Apr. 19, 1943. Absorbed Office of Solid Fuels
Coordinator for War (originally established as Office of Solid Fuels Coordinator for National Defense)
pursuant to Presidential letter of Nov. 5, 1941; later changed by Presidential letter of May 25, 1942.
Terminated by EO 9847 of May 6, 1947.
War Assets Administration
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9689 of Jan. 31, 1946. Functions transferred to
Surplus Property Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1947, effective July 1, 1947, and agency renamed
War Assets Administration. Abolished by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 738), and functions transferred for
liquidation to General Services Administration.
War Assets Corporation See Petroleum Reserves Corporation
War Claims Commission
Established by act of July 3, 1948 (62 Stat. 1240). Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1954, effective July 1,
1954, and functions transferred to Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the U.S.
War Commodities Division
Established in Office of Foreign Economic Coordination by Department of State Order of Aug. 27, 1943.
Office abolished by departmental order of Nov. 6, 1943, pursuant to EO 9380 of Sept. 25, 1943, which

established Foreign Economic Administration in Office for Emergency Management.
War Communications, Board of See Defense Communications Board
War Contracts Price Adjustment Board
Established by act of Feb. 25, 1944 (58 Stat. 85). Abolished by act of Mar. 23, 1951 (65 Stat. 7), and
functions transferred to Renegotiation Board, established by same act, and General Services
Administrator.
War Damage Corporation See War Insurance Corporation
War, Department of
Established by act of Aug. 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49), succeeding similar department established prior to
adoption of the Constitution. Three military departments—Army; Navy, including naval aviation and U.S.
Marine Corps; and Air Force—reorganized under National Military Establishment by act of July 26, 1947
(61 Stat. 495).
War Finance Corporation
Established by act of Apr. 5, 1918 (40 Stat. 506). Functions and obligations transferred by Reorg. Plan No.
II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, to the Secretary of the Treasury for liquidation not later than Dec. 31,
1939.
War Food Administration See Food Production and Distribution, Administration of
War Information, Office of
Established in Office of Emergency Management by EO 9182 of June 13, 1942, consolidating Office of
Facts and Figures; Office of Government Reports; Division of Information, Office for Emergency
Management; and Foreign Information Service—Outpost, Publications, and Pictorial Branches,
Coordinator of Information. Abolished by EO 9608 of Aug. 31, 1945. Bureau of Special Services and
functions with respect to review of publications of Federal agencies transferred to Bureau of the Budget.
Foreign information activities transferred to the Department of State.
War Insurance Corporation
Established Dec. 13, 1941, by act of June 10, 1941 (55 Stat. 249). Charter filed Mar. 31, 1942. Renamed
War Damage Corporation by act of Mar. 27, 1942 (56 Stat. 175). Transferred from Federal Loan Agency to
the Department of Commerce by EO 9071 of Feb. 24, 1942. Returned to Federal Loan Agency by act of
Feb. 24, 1945 (59 Stat. 5). Agency abolished by act of June 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 202), and functions assumed
by Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Powers of War Damage Corporation, except for purposes of
liquidation, terminated as of Jan. 22, 1947.
War Labor Board, National See Defense Mediation Board, National
War Manpower Commission
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9139 of Apr. 18, 1942. Terminated by EO 9617 of
Sept. 19, 1945, and functions, except Procurement and Assignment Service, transferred to the
Department of Labor.
War Mobilization, Office of
Established by EO 9347 of May 27, 1943. Transferred to Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion by
EO 9488 of Oct. 3, 1944.
War Mobilization and Reconversion, Office of
Established by act of Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 785). Consolidated with other agencies by EO 9809 of Dec. 12,
1946, to form Office of Temporary Controls. Media Programming Division and Motion Picture Division
transferred to Office of Government Reports, reestablished by same order. Certain other functions
transferred to President and the Secretary of Commerce.

War Mobilization and Reconversion Advisory Board, Office of
Established by act of Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 788). Transferred to Office of Temporary Controls by EO 9809
of Dec. 12, 1946.
War Plants Corporation, Smaller
Established by act of June 11, 1942 (56 Stat. 351). Functions transferred by EO 9665 of Dec. 27, 1945, to
Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Department of Commerce. Abolished by act of June 30, 1947
(61 Stat. 202), and functions transferred for liquidation to General Services Administration by Reorg. Plan
No. 1 of 1957, effective July 1, 1957.
War and Post War Adjustment Policies, Advisory Unit on
Established in Office of War Mobilization by Presidential direction Nov. 6, 1943. Report submitted Feb. 15,
1944, and Unit Director and Assistant Director submitted letter to Director of War Mobilization ending
their work May 12, 1944.
War Production Board
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9024 of Jan. 16, 1942. Board terminated and
successor agency, Civilian Production Administration, established by EO 9638 of Oct. 4, 1945.
War Property Administration, Surplus
Established in Office of War Mobilization by EO 9425 of Feb. 19, 1944. Terminated on establishment of
Surplus Property Board by act of Oct. 3, 1944 (58 Stat. 768). Surplus Property Administration established in
Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion by act of Sept. 18, 1945 (59 Stat. 533), and Board abolished.
Domestic functions of Administration merged into War Assets Corporation, Reconstruction Finance
Corporation, by EO 9689 of Jan. 31, 1946. Foreign functions transferred to the Department of State by
same order. Transfers made permanent by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1947, effective July 1, 1947.
War Refugee Board
Established in Executive Office of the President by EO 9417 of Jan. 22, 1944. Terminated by EO 9614 of
Sept. 14, 1945.
War Relations, Agricultural, Office for See Farm Products, Division of
War Relief Agencies, President’s Committee on
Established by Presidential letter of Mar. 13, 1941. President’s War Relief Control Board established by EO
9205 of July 25, 1942, to succeed Committee. Board terminated by EO 9723 of May 14, 1946, and
functions transferred to the Department of State.
War Relief Control Board, President’s See President’s Committee on War Relief Agencies
War Relocation Authority
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9102 of Mar. 18, 1942. Transferred to the
Department of the Interior by EO 9423 of Feb. 16, 1944. Terminated by EO 9742 of June 25, 1946.
War Resources Board
Established in August 1939 as advisory committee to work with Joint Army and Navy Munitions Board.
Terminated by President Nov. 24, 1939.
War Resources Council See Defense Resources Committee
War Shipping Administration
Established in Office for Emergency Management by EO 9054 Feb. 7, 1942. Terminated by act of July 8,
1946 (60 Stat. 501), and functions transferred to U.S. Maritime Commission, effective Sept. 1, 1946.
Water, Office of Saline

Established to perform functions vested in the Secretary of the Interior by act of July 29, 1971 (85 Stat.
159). Merged with Office of Water Resources Research to form Office of Water Research and Technology
by Secretary’s Order 2966 of July 26, 1974.
Water Commission, National
Established by act of Sept. 26, 1968 (82 Stat. 868). Terminated Sept. 25, 1973, pursuant to terms of act.
Water Policy, Office of
Established by Department of the Interior Manual Release 2374 of Dec. 29, 1981, under authority of
Assistant Secretary. Abolished by Secretarial Order No. 3096 of Oct. 19, 1983, and functions transferred to
Geological Survey and Office of Policy Analysis.
Water Pollution Control Administration, Federal
Established under the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare by act of Oct. 2, 1965 (79 Stat. 903).
Transferred to the Department of the Interior by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1966, effective May 10, 1966.
Renamed Federal Water Quality Administration by act of Apr. 3, 1970. Abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 3 of
1970, effective Dec. 2, 1970, and functions transferred to Environmental Protection Agency.
Water and Power Resources Service
Renamed Bureau of Reclamation May 18, 1981, by Interior Secretarial Order 3064.
Water Quality Administration, Federal See Water Pollution Control Administration, Federal Water
Research and Technology, Office of
Established by Interior Secretarial Order 2966 of July 26, 1974. Abolished by Secretarial order of Aug. 25,
1982, and functions transferred to Bureau of Reclamation, Geological Survey, and Office of Water Policy.
Water Resources Council
Established by act of July 22, 1965 (89 Stat 575). Inactive as of Oct. 1, 1982.
Water Resources Research, Office of
Established to perform functions vested in the Secretary of the Interior by act of July 17, 1964 (78 Stat.
329). Merged with Office of Saline Water to form Office of Water Research and Technology by Secretary’s
Order 2966 of July 26, 1974.
Watergate Special Prosecution Force
Established by Attorney General order, effective May 25, 1973. Terminated by Attorney General order,
effective June 20, 1977.
Waterways Corporation, Inland
Incorporated under act of June 3, 1924 (43 Stat. 360). Transferred from the Department of War to the
Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Corporation sold to Federal
Waterways Corporation under contract of July 24, 1953. Renamed Federal Barge Lines, Inc. Liquidated by
act of July 19, 1963 (77 Stat. 81).
Weather Bureau
Established in the Department of Agriculture by act of Oct. 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 653). Transferred to the
Department of Commerce by Reorg. Plan No. IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Functions transferred to
Environmental Science Services Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1965, effective July 13, 1965.
Weather Control, Advisory Committee on
Established by act of Aug. 13, 1953 (67 Stat. 559). Act of Aug. 28, 1957 (71 Stat. 426), provided for
termination by Dec. 31, 1957.
Weed and Seed, Executive Office of
Abolished by Public Law 109–162 of Jan. 5, 2006 (119 Stat. 3107). Functions transferred to Office of Weed

and Seed Strategies, Office of Justice Programs, within the Department of Justice.
Weights and Measures, Office of Standard
Renamed National Bureau of Standards by act of Mar. 3, 1901 (31 Stat. 1449). Bureau transferred from
the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Commerce and Labor by act of Feb. 14, 1903 (32
Stat. 825). Bureau established within the Department of Commerce by act of Mar. 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736).
Renamed National Institute of Standards and Technology by act of Aug. 23, 1988 (102 Stat. 1827).
Welfare Administration
Established by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare reorganization of Jan. 28, 1963.
Components consisted of Bureau of Family Services, Children’s Bureau, Office of Juvenile Delinquency and
Youth Development, and Cuban Refugee Staff. These functions reassigned to Social and Rehabilitation
Service by Department reorganization of Aug. 15, 1967.
White House Police Force See Secret Service Division
Wilson Memorial Commission, Woodrow
Established by act of Oct. 4, 1961 (75 Stat. 783). Terminated on submittal of final report to President and
Congress Sept. 29, 1966.
Women, Interdepartmental Committee on the Status of
Established by EO 11126 of Nov. 1, 1963. Terminated by EO 12050 of Apr. 4, 1978.
Women, President’s Commission on the Status of
Established by EO 10980 of Dec. 14, 1961. Submitted final report to President Oct. 11, 1963.
Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps
Established by act of May 14, 1942 (56 Stat. 278). Repealed in part and superseded by act of July 1, 1943
(57 Stat. 371), which established Women’s Army Corps. Corps abolished by the Secretary of Defense Apr.
24, 1978, pursuant to provisions of 10 U.S.C. 125A.
Women’s Business Enterprise Division
Renamed Office of Women’s Business Enterprise by Small Business Administrator’s reorganization,
effective Aug. 19, 1981. Renamed Office of Women’s Business Ownership Aug. 19, 1982.
Women’s Reserve
Established in U.S. Coast Guard by act of Nov. 23, 1942 (56 Stat. 1020).
Women’s Year, 1975, National Commission on the Observance of International
Established by EO 11832 of Jan. 9, 1975. Continued by act of Dec. 23, 1975 (89 Stat. 1003). Terminated
Mar. 31, 1978, pursuant to terms of act.
Wood Utilization, National Committee on
Established by Presidential direction in 1925. Abolished by EO 6179–B of June 16, 1933.
Work Projects Administration See Works Progress Administration
Work-Training Programs, Bureau of
Abolished by reorganization of Manpower Administration and functions assigned to U.S. Training and
Employment Service, effective Mar. 17, 1969.
Working Group on Streamlining Paperwork for Executive Nominations
Established by act of Aug. 10, 2012 (126 Stat. 1292). Terminated July 7, 2013, pursuant to terms of act.
Working Life, Productivity and Quality of, National Center for

Established by act of Nov. 28, 1975 (89 Stat. 935). Authorized appropriations expired Sept. 30, 1978, and
functions assumed by National Productivity Council.
Works, Advisory Committee on Federal Public
Established by President Oct. 5, 1955. Abolished by President Mar. 12, 1961, and functions assigned to
Bureau of the Budget.
Works Administration, Federal Civil
Established by EO 6420–B of Nov. 9, 1933. Function of employment expired March 1934. Function of
settling claims continued under Works Progress Administration.
Works Administration, Public See Emergency Administration of Public Works, Federal
Works Agency, Federal
Established by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Functions relating to defense housing
transferred to Federal Public Housing Authority, National Housing Agency, by EO 9070 of Feb. 24, 1942.
Abolished by act of June 30, 1949 (63 Stat. 380), and functions transferred to General Services
Administration.
Works Emergency Housing Corporation, Public
Established by EO 6470 of Nov. 29, 1933. Incorporated under laws of State of Delaware. Abolished and
liquidated as of Aug. 14, 1935, by filing of certificate of surrender of corporate rights.
Works Emergency Leasing Corporation, Public
Incorporated Jan. 3, 1934, under laws of Delaware by direction of Administrator of Public Works.
Terminated with filed certificate of dissolution with secretary of state of Delaware Jan. 2, 1935.
Works Progress Administration
Established by EO 7034 of May 6, 1935, and continued by subsequent yearly emergency relief
appropriation acts. Renamed Work Projects Administration by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1,
1939, which provided for consolidation of Works Progress Administration into Federal Works Agency.
Transferred by President to Federal Works Administrator Dec. 4, 1942.
Works, Special Board of Public See Land Program, Director of

Y

TOP OF PAGE

Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Established by acts of Aug. 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579), and July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510). Abolished by
Department of Defense reorg. order of Mar. 9, 1966, and functions transferred to the Secretary of the
Navy (31 FR 7188).
Youth Administration, National
Established in Works Progress Administration by EO 7086 of June 26, 1935. Transferred to Federal Security
Agency by Reorg. Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939. Transferred to Bureau of Training, War
Manpower Commission, by EO 9247 of Sept. 17, 1942. Terminated by act of July 12, 1943 (57 Stat. 539).
Youth Crime, President’s Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and
Established by EO 10940 of May 11, 1961. Terminated by EO 11529 of Apr. 24, 1970.
Youth Fitness, President’s Council on
Established by EO 10673 of July 16, 1956. Renamed President’s Council on Physical Fitness by EO 11074 of
Jan. 8, 1963. Renamed President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports by EO 11398 of Mar. 4, 1968.
Abolished and reestablished by EO 13265 of June 6, 2002. Renamed President's Council on Fitness, Sports,

and Nutrition by EO 13545 of June 22, 2010.
Youth Opportunity, President’s Council on
Established by EO 11330 of Mar. 5, 1967. Inactive as of June 30, 1971; EO 11330 revoked by EO 12379 of
Aug. 17, 1982.
Youth Programs, Office of
Established in the Department of the Interior by Secretarial Order No. 2985 of Jan. 7, 1965. Functions
moved to Office of Historically Black College and University Programs and Job Corps, Office of the
Secretary, by Departmental Manual Release 2788 of Mar. 22, 1988.

(Last Revised: December 31, 2015)

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
Boards, Commissions, and Committees
Below is a list of Federal boards, commissions, councils, etc., not listed elsewhere in the
Manual, which were established by congressional or Presidential action, whose
functions are not strictly limited to the internal operations of a parent department or
agency and which are authorized to publish documents in the Federal Register. While
the editors have attempted to compile a complete and accurate listing, suggestions for
improving coverage of this guide are welcome. Please address your comments to the
Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration,
Washington, DC 20408. Phone, 202-741-6040. E-mail, fedreg.info@nara.gov. Internet,
www.ofr.gov.
Federal advisory committees, as defined by the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as
amended (5 U.S.C. app.), have not been included here. Information on Federal advisory
committees may be obtained from the Committee Management Secretariat, General
Services Administration, General Services Building (MC), Room G-230, Washington, DC
20405. Phone, 202-273-3556. Internet, www.gsa.gov/committeemanagement.
Administrative Committee of the Federal Register
Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601
Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001. Phone, 202-741-6000. E-mail,
fedreg.info@nara.gov. Internet, www.ofr.gov.
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
401 F. Street NW., Suite 308, Washington, DC 20001-2637. Phone, 202-517-0200. Email, achp@achp.gov. Internet, www.achp.gov.
American Battle Monuments Commission
2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Court House Plaza 2, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201. Phone,
703-696-6900. E-mail, info@abmc.gov. Internet, www.abmc.gov.
Appalachian Regional Commission
1666 Connecticut Avenue NW., Suite 700, Washington, DC 20009-1068. Phone, 202884-7700. E-mail, info@arc.gov. Internet, www.arc.gov.

Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board1
1331 F Street NW., Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20004-1111. Phone, 202-272-0080, toll
free, 800-872-2253 or TTY, 202-272-0082, toll free, 800-993-2822. Fax, 202-272-0081. Email, info@access-board.gov. Internet, www.access-board.gov.
Arctic Research Commission
4350 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 510, Arlington, VA 22203. Phone, 703-525-0111. Fax,
703-525-0114. E-mail, info@arctic.gov. Internet, www.arctic.gov.
Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Interagency Coordinating Committee
1 AMS Circle, Bethesda, MD 20892-3675. Phone, 301-495-4484. Fax, 301-480-2814. Email, NIAMSInfo@mail.nih.gov. Internet, www.niams.nih.gov.
Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program
Phone, 319-688-4335. Internet, www.act.org/goldwater.
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
2175 K Street NW., Suite 400, Washington, DC 20037-1809. Phone, 202-261-7600. Fax,
202-261-7650. Internet, www.csb.gov.
Citizens' Stamp Advisory Committee
United States Postal Service c/o Stamp Development, 475 L’Enfant Plaza SW., Room
3300, Washington, DC 20260-3501. Internet, http://about.usps.com/who-we-are/csac.
U.S. Commission of Fine Arts
National Building Museum, 401 F Street NW., Suite 312, Washington, DC 20001-2728.
Phone, 202-504-2200. Fax, 202-504-2195. E-mail, cfastaff@cfa.gov. Internet,
www.cfa.gov.

1

Also known as the Access Board.

Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
Department of the Treasury, 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20220.
Phone, 202-622-1860. E-mail, CFIUS@treasury.gov. Internet,
http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/international/Pages/Committee-on-Foreign-Investmentin-US.aspx

Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
Office of Textiles and Apparel, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230.
Phone, 202-482-5078. Fax, 202-482-2331. E-mail, OTEXA@trade.gov. Internet,
otexa.ita.doc.gov/cita.htm.
Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled
1401 S. Clark Street, Suite 10800, Arlington, VA 22202-3259. Phone, 703-603-7740. Fax,
703-608-0655. E-mail, info@abilityone.gov. Internet, www.abilityone.gov.
Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 810 7th
Street NW., Washington, DC 20531. Phone, 202-616-7567. Fax, 202-307-2819. E-mail,
ddunston@aeioonline.com. Internet, www.juvenilecouncil.gov.
Delaware River Basin Commission
25 State Police Drive, P.O. Box 7360, West Trenton, NJ 08628-0360. Phone, 609-8839500. Fax, 609-883-9522. E-mail, clarke.rupert@drbc.state.nj.us. Internet,
www.nj.gov/drbc.
Endangered Species Program
5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041. Phone, 703-358-2171. Internet,
www.fws.gov/endangered.
Export Administration Operating Committee
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, 14th Street and Constitution
Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-4811. Internet,
www.bis.doc.gov/index.htm.

Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
3501 Fairfax Drive, D8073a, Arlington, VA 22226. Phone, 703-516-5590. Internet,
www.ffiec.gov.
Federal Financing Bank
Department of the Treasury, 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20220.
Phone, 202-622-2470. Fax, 202-622-0707. E-mail, ffb@do.treas.gov. Internet,
www.treasury.gov/ffb.
Federal Interagency Committee on Education
Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20202. Phone,
202-401-3673. Internet, ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/com.html.
Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer
Washington, DC Liaison Office. Phone, 240-444-1383. E-mail,
gkjones.ctr@federallabs.org. Internet, www.federallabs.org.
Federal Library and Information Center Committee
Library of Congress, 101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-4935. Phone,
202-707-4800. Internet, www.loc.gov/flicc/.
Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation
712 Jackson Place NW., Washington, DC 20006. Phone, 202-395-4831. Fax, 202-3956995. E-mail, office@truman.gov. Internet, www.truman.gov.
Indian Arts and Crafts Board
U.S. Department of the Interior, Room MS 2528-MIB, 1849 C Street NW., Washington,
DC 20240. Phone, 202-208-3773. E-mail, iacb@ios.doi.gov. Internet, www.iacb.doi.gov.
J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board
Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, 2200 C Street NW.,
Washington, DC 20522-0500. Phone, 202-203-7010. E-mail, fulbright@state.gov.
Internet, fulbright.state.gov.

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation
1613 Duke Street Alexandria, VA 22314. Phone, 571-858-4200. Internet,
www.jamesmadison.com.
Japan-US Conference on Cultural and Educational Interchange (CULCON)
1201 15th Street NW., Suite 330, Washington, DC 20005. Phone, 202-653-9800. Fax,
202-653-9802. E-mail, culcon@jusfc.gov. Internet, culcon.jusfc.gov.
Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries
Internal Revenue Service, SE: RPO, REFM, 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW, Park 4, Floor
4, Washington, DC 20224. Fax, 703-414-2225. E-mail, nhqjbea@irs.gov. Internet,
www.irs.gov/taxpros/actuaries/index.html.
Marine Mammal Commission
4340 East-West Highway, Suite 700, Bethesda, MD 20814. Phone, 301-504-0087. Fax,
301-504-0099. E-mail, mmc@mmc.gov. Internet, www.mmc.gov.
Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
425 Eye St., N.W. Suite 701 Washington, DC 20001. Phone, 202220-3700. Fax, 202-220-3759. Internet, www.medpac.gov.
Migratory Bird Conservation Commission
Secretary, Migration Bird Conservation Commission, Mail Code: ARLSQ-622, 4401 North
Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA 22203-1610. Phone, 703-358-1713. Fax, 703-358-2223.
Email, realty@fws.gov. Internet, www.fws.gov/refuges/realty/mbcc.html.
Mississippi River Commission
Mississippi River Commission, 1400 Walnut Street, Vicksburg, MS 39180-0080. Phone,
601-634-5757. E-mail, cemvd-pa@usace.army.mil. Internet, www.mvd.usace.army.mil/
Morris K. and Stewart L. Udall Foundation
130 South Scott Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85701-1922. Phone, 520-901-8500. Fax, 520-6705530. Internet, www.udall.gov.

National Council on Disability
1331 F Street NW., Suite 850, Washington, DC 20004. Phone, 202-272-2004. TTY, 202272-2074. Fax, 202-272-2022. E-mail, ncd@ncd.gov. Internet, www.ncd.gov.
National Indian Gaming Commission
90 K Street NE., Suite 200, Washington, DC 20002. Phone, 202-632-7003. Fax, 202-6327066. E-mail, contactus@nigc.gov. Internet, www.nigc.gov.
National Park Foundation
1201 Eye Street NW., Suite 550B, Washington, DC 20005. Phone, 202-354-6460. Fax,
202-371-2066. E-mail, ask-npf@nationalparks.org. Internet, www.nationalparks.org.
Northwest Power and Conservation Council
851 SW. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100, Portland, OR 97204. Phone, 503-222-5161 or 800452-5161. Fax, 503-820-2370. E-mail, info@nwcouncil.org. Internet,
www.nwcouncil.org.
Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation
201 East Birch Avenue, Flagstaff, AZ 86001. Phone, 928-779-2721. TTY, 800-877-8339.
Fax, 928-774-1977. E-mail, webmaster@onhir.gov. Internet, http://onhir.gov
Permanent Committee for the Oliver Wendell Holmes Devise
Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, 101 Independence Avenue SE., #102,
Washington, DC 20540. Phone, 202-707-5383.
President's Intelligence Advisory Board
New Executive Office Building, Room 5020, Washington, DC 20502. Phone, 202-4562352. Fax, 202-395-3403. Internet, www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/piab.
Presidio Trust
103 Montgomery Street, P.O. Box 29052, San Francisco, CA 94129-0052. Phone, 415561-5300. TTY, 415-561-5301. Fax, 415-561-5315. E-mail, presidio@presidiotrust.gov.
Internet, www.presidio.gov.

Social Security Advisory Board
400 Virginia Avenue SW., Suite 625, Washington, DC 20024. Phone, 202-475-7700. Fax,
202-475-7715. E-mail, ssab@ssab.gov. Internet, www.ssab.gov.
Susquehanna River Basin Commission
4423 North Front Street, Harrisburg, PA 17110. Phone, 717-238-0423. Fax, 717-2382436. E-mail, srbc@srbc.net. Internet, www.srbc.net.
Trade Policy Staff Committee
Office of the United States Trade Representative, 600 17th Street NW.,Washington, DC
20508. Phone, 202-395-3475. Fax, 202-395-4549. Internet, www.ustr.gov.
United States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board
2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300, Arlington, VA 22201. Phone, 703-235-4473. Fax,
703-235-4495. Internet, www.nwtrb.gov.
Veterans Day National Committee
Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue NW., Mail Code 002C,
Washington, DC 20420. Phone, 202-461-5386. E-mail, vetsday@va.gov. Internet,
www1.va.gov/opa/vetsday.
White House Commission on Presidential Scholars
Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20202-8173.
Phone, 202-401-0961. Fax, 202-260-7464. E-mail, presidential.scholars@ed.gov.
Internet, www.ed.gov/programs/psp/index.html.

(Last Revised: December 22, 2015)

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
Other International Organizations
Below is a list of other international organizations that do not have separate entries
elsewhere in the Manual. The United States participates in these organizations in accordance
with the provisions of treaties, other international agreements, congressional legislation, or
executive arrangements. In some cases, no financial contribution is involved.
Various commissions, councils, or committees subsidiary to the organizations listed here are
not named separately on this list. These include the international bodies for drugs and crime,
which are subsidiary to the United Nations.
This listing is provided for reference purposes and should not be considered exhaustive. For
more information on international organizations and United States participation in them,
contact the State Department's Bureau of International Organization Affairs. Phone, 202-6479600. Internet, http://go.usa.gov/UjzR.
I. Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and Related Organizations
Food and Agricultural Organization
International Atomic Energy Agency
International Civil Aviation Organization
International Fund for Agriculture Development
International Labor Organization
International Maritime Organization
International Telecommunication Union
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Universal Postal Union
World Health Organization
World Intellectual Property Organization
World Meteorological Organization
II. Peacekeeping and Political Missions Administered by the United Nations Department of
Peacekeeping Operations
Africa
African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID)
United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA)

United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)
United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)
United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)
United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI)
United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
(MONUSCO)
United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African
Republic (MINUSCA)
Americas
United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
Middle East
United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)
Europe
United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK)
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)
III. Inter-American Organizations
Border Environment Cooperation Commission Caribbean Postal Union
Inter-American Center of Tax Administrators
Inter-American Children’s Institute
Inter-American Commission of Human Rights
Inter-American Commission of Women
Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism
Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction
Inter-American Council for Integral Development
Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture
Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research
Inter-American Investment Corporation
Inter-American Telecommunications Commission
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
Pan American Health Organization

Pan American Institute of Geography and History
Postal Union of the Americas, Spain and Portugal
IV. Regional Organizations
Antarctic Treaty System
Arctic Council
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia Pacific Energy Research Center
Colombo Plan for Cooperative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific
Commission for Environmental Cooperation
Commission for Labor Cooperation
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
NATO Parliamentary Assembly
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization
North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission
North Pacific Coast Guard Forum
North Pacific Marine Science Organization
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization
Secretariat of the Pacific Community
South Pacific Regional Environment Program
Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission
V. Other International Organizations
Bioversity International
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
Community of Democracies
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
COSPAS-SARSAT (Search and Rescue Satellite System)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Global Environment Facility
Hague Conference on Private International Law)
Human Frontier Science Program
International Ocean Discovery Program
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
International Bureau for the Permanent Court of Arbitration
International Bureau of Weights and Measures
International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
International Center for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural
Property

International Coffee Organization
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
International Cotton Advisory Committee
International Council for the Exploration of the Seas
International Court of Justice
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
International Customs Tariffs Bureau
International Development Law Organization
International Energy Agency
International Energy Forum
International Fertilizer Development Center
International Grains Council
International Hydrographic Organization
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
International Institute for the Unification of Private Law
International Mobile Satellite Organization
International Organization of Legal Metrology
International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions
United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women
International Science and Technology Center
International Seed Testing Association
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
International Tropical Timber Organization
International Union of Credit and Investment Insurers (Berne Union)
International Whaling Commission
Iran-United States Claims Tribunal
Multinational Force and Observers
Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty
Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe
Science and Technology Center in Ukraine
Standards and Trade Development Facility
Wassenaar Arrangement
World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure
World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies
World Customs Organization
World Heritage Fund
World Organization for Animal Health
World Trade Organization (WTO)

VI. Special Voluntary Programs
Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
International Council for Science
International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
International Food Policy Research Institute
International Fund for Agricultural Development
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization
Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
United Nations Capital Development Fund
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
United Nations Democracy Fund
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
United Nations Development Program
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
United Nations Environment Program
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Programs
United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN HABITAT)
United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)
United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights
United Nations Voluntary Fund for the Victims of Torture
United Nations World Food Program
World Agroforestry Center

(Last Revised: December 22, 2015)

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
Selected Bilateral Organizations
Below is a list of bilateral organizations in which the United States participates with its two
neighbors, Mexico and Canada. This listing is for reference purposes only and should not be
considered exhaustive.
Border Environment Cooperation Commission
United States Section: P.O. Box 221648, El Paso, TX 79913. Phone, 877-277-1703. Fax, 915975-8280. E-mail, becc@cocef.org. Internet, www.becc.org.
Mexican Section: Bulevar Tomas Fernadez 8069, Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, 32470. Phone,
011-52-656-688-4600. Fax, 011-52-656-625-6180. Internet, www.cocef.org.
Great Lakes Fishery Commission
2100 Commonwealth Boulevard, Suite 100, Ann Arbor, MI 48105. Telephone,
734-662-3209. Fax, 734-741-2010. Email, info@glfc.org. Internet, www.glfc.org.
International Boundary Commission, United States and Canada
United States Section: 2000 L Street NW., Suite 615, Washington, DC 20036. Phone, 202736-9102. Fax, 202-632-2008. E-mail, hipsleyk@ibcusca.org. Internet,
www.internationalboundarycommission.org.
Canadian Section: 575-615 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E9 Canada. Phone, (613) 9444515. Fax, (613) 992-1122. E-mail, ibc-cfi@nrcan.gc.ca. Internet,
www.internationalboundarycommission.org.
International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico
United States Section: Suite C-100, 4171 North Mesa Street, El Paso, TX 79902. Phone, 800262-8857. Internet, www.ibwc.state.gov.
Mexican Section: Avenue Universidad 2180, Zona Chamizal, C.P. 32310, Ciudad Juarez,
Chihuahua, 32310. Phone, 011-52-656-639-7951 or 011-52-656-613-7311. Fax, 011-52-656613-9943. E-mail, cilamex@cila.gob.mx. Internet, www.sre.gob.mx/cila.

International Joint Commission—United States and Canada
United States Section: 2000 L Street NW., Suite 615, Washington, DC 20440. Phone, 202736-9009. Fax, 202-632-2007. E-mail: commission@washington.ijc.org. Internet,
www.ijc.org.
Canadian Section: 234 Laurier Avenue West, 22d Floor, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6K6. Phone,
613-995-2984. Fax, 613-993-5583. E-mail: commission@ottawa.ijc.org. Internet,
www.ijc.org.
Great Lakes Regional Office: 100 Ouellette Avenue, 8th Floor, Windsor, Ontario N9A 6T3.
Phone, 519-257-6700. Fax, 519-257-6740. E-mail: commission@windsor.ijc.org. Internet,
www.ijc.org.
International Pacific Halibut Commission
2320 W. Commodore Way, Suite 300, Seattle, WA 98199-1287. Phone, 206-634-1838. Fax,
206-632-2983. Internet, www.iphc.int.
Joint Mexican-United States Defense Commission
United States Section: Room 2E773, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20318. Phone, 703-6958164.
Mexican Section: 6th Floor, 1911 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Mexican Embassy, Washington,
DC 20006. Phone, 202-728-1748.
Permanent Joint Board on Defense—United States and Canada
United States Section: Room 2E773, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20318. Phone, 703-6958164.
Canadian Section: Director of Western Hemisphere, 101 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1A
0K2. Phone, 613-992-4423.

(Last Revised: December 22, 2015)

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL

Commonly Used Agency Acronyms
ABMC
ACF
ACFR
ADF
AFRH
AHRQ
AMS
AMTRAK
AOA
APHIS
APPAL
ARCTIC
ARS
ARTS
ATBCB
ATF
ATSDR
BBG
BEA
BGSEEF
BIA
BIS
BLM
BLS
BOP
BOR
BPA
BPD
CBO
CCC
CCJJDP
CDC
CDFI
CEQ

AMERICAN BATTLE MONUMENTS COMMISSION
ADMINISTRATION OF CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME
AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER CORPORATION
ADMINISTRATION ON AGING
ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE
APPALACHIAN STATES LOW LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE COMMISSION
ARCTIC RESEARCH COMMISSION
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE
NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES
ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD
ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND EXPLOSIVES BUREAU
AGENCY FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY
BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS
BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
BARRY M. GOLDWATER SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION
FOUNDATION
BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
FEDERAL PRISONS BUREAU
BUREAU OF RECLAMATION
BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION
BUREAU OF PUBLIC DEBT
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION
COORDINATING COUNCIL ON JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY
PREVENTION
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND
COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

CFTC
CFPB
CIA
CITA
CMS
CNCS
COE
COFA
COLC
COPS
CORP
CPPBSD
CPSC
CRB
CRC
CSB
CSEO
CSOSA
CSREES
DARPA
DARS
DC
DCAA
DEA
DEPO
DFAS
DHS
DIA
DISA
DLA
DNFSB
DOC
DOD
DOE
DOI
DOJ
DOL
DOS
DOT
DRBC

COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION
CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS
CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES
CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
CORPS OF ENGINEERS
COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS
COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES
CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR
SEVERELY DISABLED
CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION
COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION
CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD
CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT OFFICE
COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
COOPERATIVE STATE RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE
DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY
DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM
DENALI COMMISSION
DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY
DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
DISABILITY EMPLOYMENT POLICY OFFICE
DEFENSE FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SERVICES
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
DEFENSE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AGENCY
DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY
DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION

DSCA
DSS
DTRA
EAB
EAC
EBSA
ECAB
ECSA
ED
EDA
EEOC
EERE
EIA
EIB
EOA
EOIR
EOP
EPA
ERS
ESA
ETA
FAA
FAR
FAS
FASAB
FBI
FCA
FCC
FCIC
FCSIC
FDA
FDIC
FEC
FEMA
FERC
FFIEC
FHEO
FHFA
FHFB
FHWA
FINCEN
FINCIC

DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY
DEFENSE SECURITY SERVICE
DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY
BUREAU OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION
EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION APPEALS BOARD
ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION
ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY OFFICE
ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION
EXPORT IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
ENERGY OFFICE, AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT
EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE
EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE
FEDERAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY BOARD
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION
FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION
FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION
FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION
FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS EXAMINATION COUNCIL
FAIR HOUSING AND EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY
FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD
FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION
FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK
FINANCIAL CRISIS INQUIRY COMMISSION

FISCAL
FLETC
FLRA
FMC
FMCS
FMCSA
FNS
FPPO
FR
FRA
FRS
FRTIB
FS
FSA
FSIS
FTA
FTC
FTZB
FWS
GAO
GEO
GIPSA
GPO
GSA
HHS
HHSIG
HOPE
HPAC
HRSA
HST
HUD
IAF
ICEB
IHS
IIO
IRS
ISOO
ITA
ITC
JBEA
LMSO

FISCAL SERVICE
FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING CENTER
FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY
FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION
FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE
FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION
FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE
FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY OFFICE
OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER
FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD
FOREST SERVICE
FARM SERVICE AGENCY
FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE
FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION
FOREIGN TRADE ZONES BOARD
FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE
GOVERNMENT ETHICS OFFICE
GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
DEPARTMENT
BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE HOPE FOR HOMEOWNERS PROGRAM
HISTORIC PRESERVATION, ADVISORY COUNCIL
HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
HARRY S. TRUMAN SCHOLARSHIP FOUNDATION
DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
INTER AMERICAN FOUNDATION
IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT BUREAU
INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE
INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT OFFICE
INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE
INFORMATION SECURITY OVERSIGHT OFFICE
INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION
INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION
JOINT BOARD FOR ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES
LABOR MANAGEMENT STANDARDS OFFICE

LOC
LSC
MARAD
MBDA
MCC
MDA
MISS
MKU
MMC
MMS
MSHA
MSHFRC
MSPB
NARA
NASA
NASS
NCA
NCD
NCLIS
NCPPCC
NCS
NCUA
NEC
NEIGHBOR
NHTSA
NIFA
NIGC
NIH
NIL
NIST
NLRB
NMB
NNSA
NOAA
NPREC
NPS
NRC
NRCS
NSA
NSF
NTIA

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION
MARITIME ADMINISTRATION
MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION
MISSILE DEFENSE AGENCY
MISSISSIPPI RIVER COMMISSION
MORRIS K. UDALL SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCELLENCE IN NATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY FOUNDATION
MARINE MAMMALCOMMISSION
MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE
MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION
MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD
NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS SERVICE
NATIONAL CEMETERY ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL
NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM
NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL ECONOMIC COUNCIL
NEIGHBORHOOD REINVESTMENT CORPORATION
NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY
NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD
NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD
NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION COMMISSION
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY/CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION

NTSB
NWTRB
OCC
ODNI
OEPNU
OFAC
OFCCP
OFHEO
OFPP
OJJDP
OJP
OMB
ONDCP
ONHIR
OPIC
OPM
OPPM
OSC
OSHA
OSHRC
OSM
OSTP
OTS
PACIFIC
PBGC
PC
PHMSA
PHS
PRC
PRES
PT
PTO
RATB
RBS
RHS
RISC
RITA
RMA
RRB
RTB

ADMINISTRATION
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD
NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD
COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY
OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
OFFICE OF ENERGY POLICY AND NEW USES
OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL
OFFICE OF FEDERAL CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS
FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT OFFICE
OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY
JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION OFFICE
JUSTICE PROGRAMS OFFICE
OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY
OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION
OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
OFFICE OF PROCUREMENT AND POLICY MANAGEMENT
OFFICE OF SPECIAL COUNSEL
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION
OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY
OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION
PACIFIC NORTHWEST ELECTRIC POWER AND CONSERVATION PLANNING
COUNCIL
PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION
PEACE CORPS
PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION
PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE
POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION
PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS
PRESIDIO TRUST
PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE
RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD
RURAL BUSINESS COOPERATIVE SERVICE
RURAL HOUSING SERVICE
REGULATORY INFORMATION SERVICE CENTER
RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION
RISK MANAGEMENT AGENCY
RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD
RURAL TELEPHONE BANK

RUS
SAMHSA
SBA
SEC
SIGIR
SJI
SLSDC
SRBC
SSA
SSS
STB
SWPA
TA
TREAS
TSA
TTB
TVA
URMCC
USA
USAF
USAID
USBC
USCBP
USCC
USCERT
USCG
USCIS
USDA
USEIB
USGS
USHMM
USIP
USJC
USMINT
USN
USPC
USPS
USSC
USSS
USTR
USUHS
VA

RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE
SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION
STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE
SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION
SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM
SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD
SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION
TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU
TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
UTAH RECLAMATION MITIGATION AND CONSERVATION COMMISSION
ARMY DEPARTMENT
AIR FORCE DEPARTMENT
UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION BUREAU
U.S. CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION
UNITED STATES COMPUTER EMERGENCY READINESS TEAM
COAST GUARD
U.S. CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION SERVICES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
EXPORT IMPORT BANK
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
UNITED STATES HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM
UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES
UNITED STATES MINT
NAVY DEPARTMENT
PAROLE COMMISSION
POSTAL SERVICE
UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION
SECRET SERVICE
OFFICE OF UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS

VCNP
VETS
WAPA
WCPO
WHD

VALLES CALDERA TRUST
VETERANS EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING SERVICE
WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION
WORKERS COMPENSATION PROGRAMS OFFICE
WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION
(Last Revised: September 16, 2015)

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
LINKS TO EXTERNAL RESOURCES

Defense Technical Information Center

Dictionary of Military Terms and Acronyms

Government Publishing Office

Agencies in the Code of Federal Regulations

GovSpeak

Government Acronyms and Abbreviations

Louisiana State University Library

Federal Agency Directory

USA.gov

A-Z Index of State and Federal Websites

REVISED ON 10 FEB 2017

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL
Contact Information and News
Welcome to the Office of the Federal Register's Government Manual Web site, home of
The United States Government Manual (USGM). The USGM contains agency leadership
tables, descriptions of agency activities and programs, and sources of information.
The Office of the Federal Register (OFR) and Government Publishing Office collaborate
to produce a digital edition of the USGM. Printed editions of the USGM stopped after
2013. Today, the USGM is an annually updated, online publication.
For USGM-related questions, contact the OFR's Daily Issue unit. Phone, 202-741-6050.
Email, govman@gpo.gov.
________________________________________________________________________
7 AUG 2017
The production of the USGM is no longer tied to an annual cycle of updating agency
information. Henceforth, the USGM’s content will be updated on a year-round basis.
________________________________________________________________________
2 AUG 2017
Agency entries have been updated for the 2017 edition.
The editors of the Daily Issue unit continue a long-term overhaul of the USGM. Changes
are being introduced piecemeal, some here and a few there, giving the USGM’s content
and style an unevenness. As these editors generally improve and bring uniformity to the
publication, feedback from the public—comments, constructive criticism, ideas, and
suggestions—is valued and thoughtfully considered. Email, govman@gpo.gov. Phone,
202-741-6050.
________________________________________________________________________
10 FEB 2017
In response to a suggestion received from a representative of the news media, USGM
editors added the "Archives of USGM Editions" to the list of resources available on the
home page.
________________________________________________________________________
REVISED: 7 AUG 2017

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Legislative Branch
Congress
The Senate
The House of Representatives
Architect of the Capitol
Congressional Budget Office
Government Accountability Office
Government Publishing Office
Library of Congress
Congressional Research Service
United States Botanic Garden
Judicial Branch
The Supreme Court of the United States
Lower Courts
United States Courts of Appeals
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
United States District Courts
Territorial Courts
United States Court of International Trade
Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation
Special Courts
United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
United States Court of Federal Claims
United States Tax Court

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Administrative Office of the United States Courts
Federal Judicial Center
United States Sentencing Commission
Executive Branch: The President
The President
The Vice President
The Executive Office of the President
White House Office
Office of the Vice President
Council of Economic Advisers
Council on Environmental Quality
National Security Council
Office of Administration
Office of Management and Budget
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Office of Policy Development
Domestic Policy Council
National Economic Council
Office of Science and Technology Policy
Office of the United States Trade Representative
Executive Branch: Departments
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Bureau of Industry and Security
Economic Development Administration
Economics and Statistics Administration
International Trade Administration
Minority Business Development Agency
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Technical Information Service

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

United States Patent and Trademark Office
Department of Defense
Department of the Air Force
Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
United States Marine Corps
United States Naval Academy
Defense Agencies
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Defense Commissary Agency
Defense Contract Audit Agency
Defense Contract Management Agency
Defense Finance and Accounting Service
Defense Information Systems Agency
Defense Intelligence Agency
Defense Legal Services Agency
Defense Logistics Agency
Defense Security Cooperation Agency
Defense Security Service
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Missile Defense Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Security Agency / Central Security Service
Pentagon Force Protection Agency
Joint Service Schools
Defense Acquisition University
National Intelligence University
National Defense University
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Department of Education
Federally Aided Corporations
American Printing House for the Blind
Gallaudet University
Howard University
National Technical Institute for the Deaf / Rochester Institute of

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Technology
Department of Energy
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Children and Families
Administration for Community Living
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Food and Drug Administration
Health Resources and Services Administration
Indian Health Service
National Institutes of Health
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Department of Justice
Bureaus
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
Bureau of Prisons
Drug Enforcement Administration
Federal Bureau of Investigation
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)–Washington
Office of Justice Programs
United States Marshals Service
Offices / Boards
Executive Office for Immigration Review
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
Office on Violence Against Women
United States Parole Commission
Department of Labor

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Bureau of International Labor Affairs
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Employee Benefits Security Administration
Employment and Training Administration
Mine Safety and Health Administration
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Veterans' Employment and Training Service
Wage and Hour Division
Women's Bureau
Department of State
Department of Transportation
Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Highway Administration
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Federal Railroad Administration
Federal Transit Administration
Maritime Administration
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of the Interior
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Education
Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement
National Park Service
Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement
United States Fish and Wildlife Service
United States Geological Survey
Department of the Treasury
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Internal Revenue Service
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
United States Mint
Executive Branch: Independent Agencies and Government Corporations
Administrative Conference of the United States
Broadcasting Board of Governors
Central Intelligence Agency
Commodity Futures Trading Commission
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Corporation for National and Community Service
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board
Environmental Protection Agency
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Export-Import Bank of the United States
Farm Credit Administration
Federal Communications Commission
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Federal Election Commission
Federal Housing Finance Agency
Federal Labor Relations Authority
Federal Maritime Commission
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission
Federal Reserve System
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
Federal Trade Commission

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

General Services Administration
Inter-American Foundation
Merit Systems Protection Board
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Archives and Records Administration
National Capital Planning Commission
National Credit Union Administration
National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities
National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Humanities
Institute of Museum and Library Services
National Labor Relations Board
National Mediation Board
National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK)
National Science Foundation
National Transportation Safety Board
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
Office of Government Ethics
Office of Personnel Management
Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Peace Corps
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
Postal Regulatory Commission
Railroad Retirement Board
Securities and Exchange Commission
Selective Service System
Small Business Administration

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Social Security Administration
Surface Transportation Board
Tennessee Valley Authority
Trade and Development Agency
United States African Development Foundation
United States Agency for International Development
United States Commission on Civil Rights
United States International Trade Commission
United States Office of Special Counsel
United States Postal Service
Quasi-Official Agencies
Legal Services Corporation
Smithsonian Institution
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
National Gallery of Art
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
State Justice Institute
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
United States Institute of Peace
International Organizations
African Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Inter-American Defense Board
Inter-American Development Bank
Inter-American Investment Corporation
International Monetary Fund
International Organization for Migration
Organization of American States

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

United Nations
World Bank Group
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
International Development Association
International Finance Corporation
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/GMEntireStructure.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:34 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

About Us

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

About Us:
The Office of the Federal Register (OFR), National Archives and Records Administration
(NARA), and the U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) publish The United States
Government Manual. The U.S. Government Manual website is jointly administered by
the OFR–GPO partnership. Go to the OFR.gov website for more information and links to
our publications and services.

About the U.S. Government Manual
The United States Government Manual is the official handbook of the Federal
Government. This current edition of the Government Manual provides comprehensive
information on the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It also includes
information on quasi-official agencies, international organizations with U.S. membership,
and Federal boards, commissions, and committees.
A typical agency descriptions includes:
A list of officials heading major operating units
A summary of the agency's mission and role in the Federal Government
A brief history of the agency, including its legislative or executive authority
A description of agency programs and activities
A set of Web sites, street addresses, and phone numbers for services, benefits, and
other public information
This website offers three ways to find information on Government agencies and
organizations.
1. Enter a term in the keyword search box at the top left of the home page.
2. Browse by category using the drop-down menu in the middle of the home page.
3. Use "The Government of the United States" site map at the top right of the home
page for an overview of the Government.

Editorial and Update Process
The current Government Manual database relies on information submitted to the OFR by
Federal agencies and organizations, as required under 1 CFR part 20. OFR editors
review and edit the submissions to produce organized and concise descriptions of
Federal agency programs and activities. Agency liaison officers are consulted to verify
the currency of the Government Manual's content at least once a year. The OFR
exercises final editorial control over all editions of the Government Manual. To keep
pace with changes in Government programs and leadership, OFR editors may amend
the current edition throughout the year, using information verified by them or by the
liaison officers.   

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/AboutUs.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:42 PM]

About Us

Official Edition and Legal Status
The United States Government Manual is a special edition of the Federal Register,
issued under the authority of the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register (See
1 CFR part 9.). In addition to the current edition, previous editions of the Government
Manual are accessible on the govinfo website, and some previous editions are available
in hardcopy from the GPO Bookstore.
Federal Register publications and services are provided to the public under the Federal
Register Act (44 U.S.C. Ch. 15), the GPO Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act
of 1993 (44 U.S.C. 4101), and related public information laws of the United States.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/AboutUs.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:42 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Privacy

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Privacy
Software Privacy

The U.S. Government Manual Privacy Policy
The United States Government Manual website is an authorized service of the Office of the
Federal Register (OFR), National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), and the
U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO). NARA and GPO collect no personal information
about visitors to this website. We follow OMB recommendations and best practices for
protecting Internet privacy. We do not enable cookies to monitor usage or to gather users’
personal information. The only information collected is the visitor's domain and internet
protocol address, the type of browser and operating system used to access the site, the files
visited and the time spent in each file, and the time and date of the visit. We use this
information for statistical purposes, and to improve public access to this service.

Unauthorized Use and Security
This website is an official United States Government System. It is intended for use by the
public to view and retrieve Government Manual files and related information. For site
security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this
Government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to
identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause
damage. Anyone using this system expressly consents to such monitoring and is advised
that if such monitoring reveals evidence of possible abuse or criminal activity, such
evidence may be provided to appropriate law enforcement officials. Unauthorized
attempts to upload or change information on this server are strictly prohibited and may
be punishable by law, including the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the
National Information Infrastructure Protection Act of 1996.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Privacy.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:50 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Accessibility

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Accessibility
We believe that the U.S. Government Manual website is compliant with Section 508 and
W3C accessibility design guidelines. This site uses text-based files and Adobe Portable
Document Format (PDF) files, which are text-accessible through the use of Adobe PDF
Tools. See more about Adobe Acrobat Reader and PDF Files below. The OFR and GPO
are committed to assisting people with disabilities in any feasible manner, including voice
description and other equivalent facilitation, in accordance with the electronic and
information technology standards of 36 CFR part 1194.
If you are a person with a disability and you encounter barriers to accessibility on this
website, please contact Customer Service staff of the Federal Register for assistance at
202-741-6000, 8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m. EST, Monday through Friday (except Federal
holidays). In addition, if you encounter barriers to accessibility on this site or any of our
other govinfo web pages, you may also direct questions, comments, and/or
recommendations to the Contact Center, 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. EST, Monday through
Friday (except Federal holidays).
More information about Section 508 can be found on: http://www.section508.gov.
Adobe Acrobat Reader and PDF Files PDF files require the free Acrobat Reader. Adobe
also provides free tools for the visually impaired:
http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/index.html
Download Adobe Reader Now

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Accessibility.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:54 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Freedom of Information Act

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Freedom of Information Act
The Freedom of Information Act, or FOIA (5 U.S.C. 552, as amended), generally
provides any person with the statutory right, enforceable in court, to obtain access to
Government information in executive branch agency records. This right to access is
limited when information is protected from disclosure by one of FOIA's nine statutory
exemptions.
Federal Register publications, including The United States Government Manual, daily
Federal Register, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Federal Register/CFR
indexes, and the Public Laws are not subject to the request for records provisions of the
FOIA. Under the FOIA, our publications are made available to the public through
numerous sources, including this website, GPO's govinfo website, the GPO book sales
program, and most of the 1,300 Government depository libraries located throughout the
Nation.
For more information, see the National Archives and Records Administration Freedom of
Information Act Reference Guide. This Guide provides instructions for obtaining
information from us using the Freedom of Information Act, both operational and historical
records.
Learn more about our FOIA Regulations (36 CFR 1250).
Read the text of the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552)
See our Privacy Program Resources.
Read NARA’s Annual FOIA Reports.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Freedom.aspx[11/14/2018 12:39:57 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

No FEAR Act

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

No FEAR Act
Equal Employment Opportunity
Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) is the right of all persons to work and advance on
the basis of merit, ability, and potential. Federal fair employment laws prohibit
discrimination and require the Government to provide equal employment opportunity
without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disabling condition, or
reprisal.
EEO Complaint Data Posted Pursuant to the No Fear Act
The National Archives posts summary statistical Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
complaint data as required by the Notification Federal Employee Administration and
Retaliation Act of 2002 (The No Fear Act). The NO FEAR Act requires Federal Agencies
to post cumulative year-to-date summary statistical EEO complaint data on a quarterly
basis during each Fiscal Year (FY) as follows: January 31; April 30; July 31; and October
31. View the most recent data at: http://www.archives.gov/eeo/policy/complaintactivity.html.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/FEAR.aspx[11/14/2018 12:40:00 PM]

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a

SEARCH

keyword or phrase to find your match.

Congress
The Senate
The House of Representatives

CONGRESS
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION
http://www.congress.gov
The Congress of the United States was created by Article I, section 1, of the Constitution, adopted
by the Constitutional Convention on September 17, 1787, providing that “All legislative Powers
herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate
and House of Representatives."
The first Congress under the Constitution met on March 4, 1789, in the Federal Hall in New York
City. The membership then consisted of 20 Senators and 59 Representatives.*
* New York ratified the Constitution on July 26, 1788, but did not elect its Senators until July 15
and 16, 1789. North Carolina did not ratify the Constitution until November 21, 1789; Rhode
Island ratified it on May 29, 1790.
Congressional Record
Proceedings of Congress are published in the Congressional Record, which is issued each day
when Congress is in session. Publication of the Record began March 4, 1873. It was the first
record of debate officially reported, printed, and published directly by the Federal Government.
The Daily Digest of the Congressional Record, printed in the back of each issue of the Record,
summarizes the proceedings of that day in each House and each of their committees and
subcommittees, respectively. The Digest also presents the legislative program for each day and,
at the end of the week, gives the program for the following week. Its publication was begun March
17, 1947.
Sessions
Section 4 of Article I of the Constitution makes it mandatory that "The Congress shall assemble at
least once in every Year. . . ." Under this provision, also, the date for convening Congress was
designated originally as the first Monday in December, "unless they shall by Law appoint a
different Day." Eighteen acts were passed, up to 1820, providing for the meeting of Congress on
other days of the year. From 1820 to 1934, however, Congress met regularly on the first Monday
in December. In 1934 the 20th amendment changed the convening of Congress to January 3,
unless Congress "shall by law appoint a different day." In addition, the President, according to
Article II, section 3, of the Constitution "may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses,
or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of
Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper. . . ."
Powers of Congress
Article I, section 8, of the Constitution defines the powers of Congress. Included are the powers to
assess and collect taxes—called the chief power; to regulate commerce, both interstate and
foreign; to coin money; to establish post offices and post roads; to establish courts inferior to the
Supreme Court; to declare war; and to raise and maintain an army and navy. Congress is further
empowered "To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress
Insurrections and repel Invasions;" and "To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper
for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof."
Amendments to the Constitution
Another power vested in the Congress is the right to propose amendments to the Constitution,
whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary. Should two-thirds of the State
legislatures demand changes in the Constitution, it is the duty of Congress to call a constitutional
convention. Proposed amendments shall be valid as part of the Constitution when ratified by the
legislatures or by conventions of three-fourths of the States, as one or the other mode of
ratification may be proposed by Congress.
Prohibitions Upon Congress
Section 9 of Article I of the Constitution also imposes prohibitions upon Congress. "The Privilege
of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or
Invasion the public Safety may require it." A bill of attainder or an ex post facto law cannot be
passed. No export duty can be imposed. Ports of one State cannot be given preference over
those of another State. "No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of
Appropriations made by Law. . . ." No title of nobility may be granted.
Rights of Members
According to section 6 of Article I, Members of Congress are granted certain privileges. In no
case, except in treason, felony, and breach of the peace, can Members be arrested while
attending sessions of Congress "and in going to and returning from the same. . . ." Furthermore,
the Members cannot be questioned in any other place for remarks made in Congress. Each
House may expel a Member of its body by a two-thirds vote.
Enactment of Laws
In order to become law, all bills and joint resolutions, except those proposing a constitutional
amendment, must pass both the House of Representatives and the Senate and either be signed
by the President or be passed over the President's veto by a two-thirds vote of both Houses of
Congress. Section 7 of Article I states: "If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten
Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in
like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in
which Case it shall not be a Law." When a bill or joint resolution is introduced in the House, the
usual procedure for its enactment into law is as follows: assignment to House committee having
jurisdiction; if favorably considered, it is reported to the House either in its original form or with
recommended amendments; if the bill or resolution is passed by the House, it is messaged to the
Senate and referred to the committee having jurisdiction; in the Senate committee the bill, if
favorably considered, may be reported in the form as received from the House, or with
recommended amendments; the approved bill or resolution is reported to the Senate, and if
passed by that body, is returned to the House; if one body does not accept the amendments to a
bill by the other body, a conference committee comprised of Members of both bodies is usually
appointed to effect a compromise; when the bill or joint resolution is finally approved by both
Houses, it is signed by the Speaker (or Speaker pro tempore) and the Vice President (or
President pro tempore or acting President pro tempore) and is presented to the President; and
once the President's signature is affixed, the measure becomes a law. If the President vetoes the
bill, it cannot become a law unless it is re-passed by a two-thirds vote of both Houses.

THE SENATE
The Capitol, Washington, DC 20510
202-224-3121
http://www.senate.gov
CONSTITUTIONALLY MANDATED OFFICERS
President of the Senate / Vice President of the
United States

Michael R. Pence

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

President pro tempore

Orrin G. Hatch

POLITICAL PARTY LEADERS
Majority Leader

A. Mitchell McConnell

Minority Leader

Charles E. Schumer

OFFICERS / OFFICIALS
Chaplain

Barry C. Black

Parliamentarian

Elizabeth C. MacDonough

Secretary for the Majority

Laura C. Dove

Secretary for the Minority

Gary B. Myrick

Secretary of the Senate

Julie E. Adams

Sergeant at Arms

Frank J. Larkin

Organizational Chart
Overview
The Senate comprises 100 Members, 2 from each State. Senators are elected to serve for
a term of 6 years. There are three classes of Senators, and a new class is elected every 2
years. Senators were originally chosen by the State legislatures. The 17th amendment,
which became part of the Constitution in 1913, made their election a function of the people.
A Senator must be a resident of the State that he or she represents. A Senator also must
be at least 30 years of age and have been a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years.
Officers
The Vice President of the United States is the Presiding Officer of the Senate. In the Vice
President's absence, the duties are taken over by a President pro tempore, elected by that
body, or someone designated by the President pro tempore.
The positions of Senate Majority and Minority Leader have been in existence only since
the early years of the 20th century. Leaders are elected at the beginning of each new
Congress by a majority vote of the Senators in their political party. In cooperation with their
party organizations, Leaders are responsible for the design and achievement of a
legislative program. This involves managing the flow of legislation, expediting
noncontroversial measures, and keeping Members informed regarding proposed action on
pending business. Each Leader serves as an ex officio member of his party's policymaking
and organizational bodies and is aided by an assistant floor leader (whip) and a party
secretary.
The Secretary of the Senate, elected by vote of the Senate, performs the duties of the
Presiding Officer of the Senate in the absence of the Vice President and pending the
election of a President pro tempore. The Secretary is the custodian of the seal of the
Senate, draws requisitions on the Secretary of the Treasury for moneys appropriated for
the compensation of Senators, officers, and employees, and for the contingent expenses
of the Senate, and is empowered to administer oaths to any officer of the Senate and to
any witness produced before it. The Secretary's executive duties include certification of
extracts from the Journal of the Senate; the attestation of bills and joint, concurrent, and
Senate resolutions; in impeachment trials, issuance, under the authority of the Presiding
Officer, of all orders, mandates, writs, and precepts authorized by the Senate; and
certification to the President of the United States of the advice and consent of the Senate
to ratification of treaties and the names of persons confirmed or rejected upon the
nomination of the President.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

The Sergeant at Arms, elected by vote of the Senate, serves as the executive, chief law
enforcement, and protocol officer and is the principal administrative manager for most
support services in the Senate. As executive officer, the Sergeant at Arms has custody of
the Senate gavel; enforces Senate rules and regulations as they pertain to the Senate
Chamber, the Senate wing of the Capitol, and the Senate office buildings; and subject to
the Presiding Officer, maintains order on the Senate floor, Chamber, and galleries. As chief
law enforcement officer of the Senate, the Sergeant at Arms is authorized to maintain
security in the Capitol and all Senate buildings, as well as to protect Senators; to arrest
and detain any person violating Senate rules; and to locate absentee Senators for a
quorum. The Sergeant at Arms serves as a member of the Capitol Police Board and as its
chairman each odd year. As protocol officer, the Sergeant at Arms escorts the President
and other heads of state or official guests of the Senate who are attending official functions
in the Capitol; makes arrangements for funerals of Senators who die in office; and assists
in planning the inauguration of the President and organizing the swearing-in and
orientation programs for newly elected Senators.
Committees
The work of preparing and considering legislation is done largely by committees of both
Houses of Congress. There are 16 standing committees in the Senate. The standing
committees of the Senate are shown in the list below. In addition, there are two select
committees in each House and various congressional commissions and joint committees
composed of Members of both Houses. Each House may also appoint special investigating
committees. The membership of the standing committees of each House is chosen by a
vote of the entire body; members of other committees are appointed under the provisions
of the measure establishing them.
Each bill and resolution is usually referred to the appropriate committee, which may report
a bill out in its original form, favorably or unfavorably, recommend amendments, report
original measures, or allow the proposed legislation to die in committee without action.
http://www.senate.gov/general/common/generic/about_committees.htm
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE SENATE

Committee

Chair

Web Site

C. Patrick Roberts

http://www.agriculture.senate.gov

Appropriations

W. Thad Cochran

http://www.appropriations.senate.gov

Armed Services

John S. McCain

Agriculture, Nutrition, and
Forestry

Banking, Housing, and Urban
Affairs
Budget
Commerce, Science, and
Transportation

http://www.armedservices.senate.gov

Michael D. Crapo

http://www.banking.senate.gov

Michael B. Enzi

http://www.budget.senate.gov

John R. Thune

http://www.commerce.senate.gov

Energy and Natural Resources Lisa A. Murkowski

https://www.energy.senate.gov

Environment and Public Works John A. Barrasso

https://www.epw.senate.gov

Finance

Orrin G. Hatch

https://www.finance.senate.gov

Foreign Relations

Robert P. Corker, Jr.

http://www.foreign.senate.gov

A. Lamar Alexander, Jr.

http://www.help.senate.gov

Ronald H. Johnson

https://www.hsgac.senate.gov

Judiciary

Charles E. Grassley

https://www.judiciary.senate.gov

Rules and Administration

Richard C. Shelby

http://www.rules.senate.gov/public

James E. Risch

http://www.sbc.senate.gov

Health, Education, Labor, and
Pensions
Homeland Security and
Governmental Affairs

Small Business and
Entrepreneurship

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Veterans' Affairs

John H. Isakson

https://www.veterans.senate.gov

THE ABOVE LIST OF COMMITTEE CHAIRS WAS UPDATED 12–2017

| https://www.senate.gov/committees/committees_home.htm
Special Powers
Under the Constitution, the Senate is granted certain powers not accorded to the House of
Representatives. The Senate approves or disapproves certain Presidential appointments
by majority vote, and treaties must be concurred in by a two-thirds vote.
List of U.S. Senators
EXPIRATION OF TERM—

STATE

PARTY AFFILIATION

CONTACT INFORMATION

Alabama
Richard C.

2023—

Shelby

Republican

G. Douglas
Jones

http://www.shelby.senate.gov

2021—Democrat https://www.senate.gov/senators/115thCongress/Jones_Doug.htm

Alaska
Lisa A. Murkowski

2023—Republican

https://www.murkowski.senate.gov

Daniel S. Sullivan

2021—Republican

http://www.sullivan.senate.gov

Arizona
Jeffry L. Flake

2019—Republican

http://www.flake.senate.gov

John S. McCain

2023—Republican

http://www.mccain.senate.gov

John N. Boozman

2023—Republican

https://www.boozman.senate.gov

Thomas B. Cotton

2021—Republican

https://www.cotton.senate.gov

Dianne Feinstein

2019—Democrat

http://www.feinstein.senate.gov

Kamala D. Harris

2023—Democrat

https://www.harris.senate.gov

Michael F. Bennet

2023—Democrat

https://www.bennet.senate.gov

Cory S. Gardner

2021—Republican

https://www.gardner.senate.gov

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut
Richard Blumenthal

2023—Democrat

https://www.blumenthal.senate.gov

Christopher S. Murphy

2019—Democrat

https://www.murphy.senate.gov

Delaware
Thomas R. Carper

2019—Democrat

https://www.carper.senate.gov

Christopher A. Coons

2021—Democrat

https://www.coons.senate.gov

C. William Nelson

2019—Democrat

https://www.billnelson.senate.gov

Marco A. Rubio

2023—Republican

http://www.rubio.senate.gov

Florida

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Georgia
John H. Isakson

2023—Republican

https://www.isakson.senate.gov

David A. Perdue, Jr.

2021—Republican

http://www.perdue.senate.gov

Mazie K. Hirono

2019—Democrat

https://www.hirono.senate.gov

Brian E. Schatz

2023—Democrat

http://www.schatz.senate.gov

Michael D. Crapo

2023—Republican

http://www.crapo.senate.gov

James E. Risch

2021—Republican

http://www.risch.senate.gov

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois
L. Tammy Duckworth

2023—Democrat

https://www.duckworth.senate.gov

Richard J. Durbin

2021—Democrat

http://www.durbin.senate.gov

Indiana
Joseph S. Donnelly

2019—Democrat

http://www.donnelly.senate.gov

Todd C. Young

2023—Republican

https://www.young.senate.gov

Joni K. Ernst

2021—Republican

http://www.ernst.senate.gov

Charles E. Grassley

2023—Republican

http://www.grassley.senate.gov

Gerald W. Moran

2023—Republican

http://www.moran.senate.gov

C. Patrick Roberts

2021—Republican

http://www.roberts.senate.gov

A. Mitchell McConnell

2021—Republican

http://www.mcconnell.senate.gov

Randal H. Paul

2023—Republican

https://www.paul.senate.gov

William Cassidy

2021—Republican

http://www.cassidy.senate.gov

John N. Kennedy

2023—Republican

https://www.kennedy.senate.gov

Susan M. Collins

2021—Republican

https://www.collins.senate.gov

Angus S. King, Jr.

2019—Independent

http://www.king.senate.gov

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland
Benjamin L. Cardin

2019—Democrat

https://www.cardin.senate.gov

Christopher Van Hollen, Jr.

2023—Democrat

https://www.vanhollen.senate.gov

Massachusetts
Edward J. Markey

2021—Democrat

http://www.markey.senate.gov

Elizabeth A. Warren

2019—Democrat

https://www.warren.senate.gov

Michigan

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Gary C. Peters

2021—Democrat

https://www.peters.senate.gov

Deborah A. Stabenow

2019—Democrat

http://www.stabenow.senate.gov

Minnesota
Tina F. Smith

2021—
Democrat

Amy J.

2019—

Klobuchar

Democrat

https://www.senate.gov/senators/115thCongress/Smith_Tina.htm
https://www.klobuchar.senate.gov

Mississippi
W. Thad Cochran

2021—Republican

http://www.cochran.senate.gov

Roger F. Wicker

2019—Republican

https://www.wicker.senate.gov

Roy D. Blunt

2023—Republican

http://www.blunt.senate.gov

Claire McCaskill

2019—Democrat

https://www.mccaskill.senate.gov

Steven D. Daines

2021—Republican

https://www.daines.senate.gov

Jonathan Tester

2019—Democrat

http://www.tester.senate.gov

Debra S. Fischer

2019—Republican

http://www.fischer.senate.gov

Benjamin E. Sasse

2021—Republican

http://www.sasse.senate.gov

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada
Catherine Cortez Masto

2023—Democrat

https://www.cortezmasto.senate.gov

Dean A. Heller

2019—Republican

http://www.heller.senate.gov

New Hampshire
Margaret Wood Hassan

2023—Democrat

https://www.hassan.senate.gov

Jeanne Shaheen

2021—Democrat

https://www.shaheen.senate.gov

New Jersey
Cory A. Booker

2021—Democrat

http://www.booker.senate.gov

Robert Menendez

2019—Democrat

https://www.menendez.senate.gov

New Mexico
Martin Heinrich

2019—Democrat

http://www.heinrich.senate.gov

Thomas S. Udall

2021—Democrat

http://www.tomudall.senate.gov

Kirsten E. Gillibrand

2019—Democrat

https://www.gillibrand.senate.gov

Charles E. Schumer

2023—Democrat

https://www.schumer.senate.gov

Richard Burr

2023—Republican

http://www.burr.senate.gov

Thomas R. Tillis

2021—Republican

https://www.tillis.senate.gov

New York

North Carolina

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

North Dakota
Heidi Heitkamp

2019—Democrat

http://www.heitkamp.senate.gov

John H. Hoeven III

2023—Republican

https://www.hoeven.senate.gov

Sherrod C. Brown

2019—Democrat

https://www.brown.senate.gov

Robert J. Portman

2023—Republican

http://www.portman.senate.gov

James M. Inhofe

2021—Republican

http://www.inhofe.senate.gov

James Lankford

2023—Republican

https://www.lankford.senate.gov

Jeffrey A. Merkley

2021—Democrat

https://www.merkley.senate.gov

Ronald L. Wyden

2023—Democrat

https://www.wyden.senate.gov

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

2019—Democrat

https://www.casey.senate.gov

Patrick J. Toomey

2023—Republican

http://www.toomey.senate.gov

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island
John F. Reed

2021—Democrat

https://www.reed.senate.gov

Sheldon Whitehouse

2019—Democrat

https://www.whitehouse.senate.gov

South Carolina
Lindsey O. Graham

2021—Republican

https://www.lgraham.senate.gov

Timothy E. Scott

2023—Republican

https://www.scott.senate.gov

M. Michael Rounds

2021—Republican

https://www.rounds.senate.gov

John R. Thune

2023—Republican

https://www.thune.senate.gov

South Dakota

Tennessee
A. Lamar Alexander, Jr.

2021—Republican

https://www.alexander.senate.gov

Robert P. Corker, Jr.

2019—Republican

https://www.corker.senate.gov

Texas
John Cornyn III

2021—Republican

https://www.cornyn.senate.gov

R. Edward Cruz

2019—Republican

https://www.cruz.senate.gov

Orrin G. Hatch

2019—Republican

http://www.hatch.senate.gov

Michael S. Lee

2023—Republican

https://www.lee.senate.gov

Patrick J. Leahy

2023—Democrat

https://www.leahy.senate.gov

Bernard Sanders

2019—Independent

https://www.sanders.senate.gov

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Timothy M. Kaine

2019—Democrat

http://www.kaine.senate.gov

Mark R. Warner

2021—Democrat

http://www.warner.senate.gov

Maria Cantwell

2019—Democrat

https://www.cantwell.senate.gov

Patricia L. Murray

2023—Democrat

http://www.murray.senate.gov

Shelley Moore Capito

2021—Republican

https://www.capito.senate.gov

Joseph Manchin III

2019—Democrat

http://www.manchin.senate.gov

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin
Tammy S. Baldwin

2019—Democrat

https://www.baldwin.senate.gov

Ronald H. Johnson

2023—Republican

https://www.ronjohnson.senate.gov

Wyoming
John A. Barrasso

2019—Republican

https://www.barrasso.senate.gov

Michael B. Enzi

2021—Republican

http://www.enzi.senate.gov

THE ABOVE LIST OF 100 SENATORS WAS
UPDATED 01–2018.
Republicans are 51; Democrats are 47;
Independents are 2; and there are no vacancies.
Information on Senate.gov may be more accurate and current.

| https://www.senate.gov

Sources of Information
Art
The Senate's collections of ephemera, decorative art, graphic art, paintings, and sculpture
can be viewed online.
http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/art/one_item_and_teasers/Explore_Senate_Art.htm
Campaign Finance
The Federal Election Commission maintains a campaign finance database that contains
information on candidates, including senatorial candidates, who file reports with the
Commission. Users of the online "Candidate and Committee Viewer" can sort data and
download them. The data presentations consist of biennial summaries, report summaries,
and report images and downloads.
http://www.fec.gov/finance/disclosure/candcmte_info.shtml?tabIndex=1
Campaign Web Sites
The Library of Congress maintains a database of "Archived Web Sites" that includes
thousands of official campaign Web sites. Former senatorial candidates' Web sites are part
of this collection.
https://www.loc.gov/websites
Career Opportunities
Information on fellowships, internships, and job openings is available online.
http://www.senate.gov/visiting/employment.htm

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Committees
Information on Senate committees is available online.
http://www.senate.gov/committees/committees_home.htm
Congressional Record
Starting with the year 1995, the official record of the proceedings and debates of the U.S.
Congress is available on Congress.gov.
https://www.congress.gov/congressional-record
Starting with the year 1994, the official record of the proceedings and debates of the U.S.
Congress is available on the Government Publishing Office's govinfo website.
https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/crec
Contact a Senator
Phone numbers, postal addresses, and online forms are available for contacting a Senator.
http://www.senate.gov/senators/contact
An online list of States also provides web forms for contacting a Senator via email.
http://www.senate.gov/senators/states.htm
Directory
The online "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–Present," allows
visitors to search for Members of Congress—past and present—by first or last name,
political affiliation, position, State, or year or Congress.
http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp
Glossary
A Senate glossary is available online.
http://www.senate.gov/reference/glossary.htm
History
The Senate Historical Office has told the history of the Senate, from the First Federal
Congress of 1789 through the early 21st century; explained its traditions; described the
individuals who served in its Chamber, and examined the major issues that confronted
these national leaders.
http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/history/a_three_section_with_teasers/Explore_Senate_History.htm
Legislation / Records
Research guides and resources are available online.
http://www.senate.gov/legislative/legislative_home.htm
Member Profiles
The "Members of the U.S. Congress" database contains profiles for Senators who have
held office since 1973 or were still serving in the 93d Congress. Users of the database can
filter profiles by chamber, Congress, political affiliation, and State or U.S. Territory. A
Member profile includes the following: dates of service, State represented, party affiliation,
and a picture when available, as well as a link to the Member's entry in the "Biographical
Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–Present" and a link to remarks made in the
"Congressional Record." A profile also includes the list of legislation that the Member
sponsored and cosponsored.
https://www.congress.gov/members
Membership / Party Divisions

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

The Office of the Clerk's "Congressional Profile" Web page keeps a tally of the number of
Democrats, Independents, Republicans, and vacant seats in both the Senate and the
House of Representatives.
http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/cong.aspx
Publications
The Congressional Directory, the Senate Manual, and telephone directory for the U.S.
Senate are available from the Government Publishing Office's bookstore. Phone, 202-5120132.
https://www.gpo.gov/about/bookstore.htm | Email: mainbks@gpo.gov
Websites
More information on legislation and the U.S. Senate is available on Congress.gov.
https://www.congress.gov
More information also is available on the Government Publishing Office's govinfo website.
https://www.govinfo.gov
http://www.senate.gov/general/contacting.htm
For further information, contact the Secretary of the Senate, The Capitol, Washington, DC
20510. Phone, 202-224-2115.

THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
The Capitol, Washington, DC 20515
202-225-3121
http://www.house.gov
CONSTITUTIONALLY MANDATED OFFICER
Speaker of the House

Paul D. Ryan

POLITICAL PARTY LEADERS
Majority Leader

Kevin O. McCarthy

Minority Leader

Nancy P. Pelosi

OFFICERS / OFFICIALS
Chaplain

Patrick J. Conroy

Chief Administrative Officer

Philip G. Kiko

Clerk

Karen L. Haas

Parliamentarian

Thomas J. Wickham, Jr.

Sergeant at Arms

Paul D. Irving

Organizational Chart
Overview
The House of Representatives comprises 435 Representatives. The number representing
each State is determined by population, but every State is entitled to at least one
Representative. Members are elected by the people for 2-year terms, all terms running for
the same period. Representatives must be residents of the State from which they are

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

chosen. In addition, a Representative must be at least 25 years of age and must have
been a citizen for at least 7 years.
A Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico (elected for a 4-year term) and Delegates from
American Samoa, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the
Virgin Islands complete the composition of the Congress of the United States. Delegates
are elected for a term of 2 years. The Resident Commissioner and Delegates may take
part in the floor discussions, but have no vote in the full House. They do, however, vote in
the committees to which they are assigned.
Officers
The Presiding Officer of the House of Representatives, the Speaker, is elected by the
House. The Speaker may designate any Member of the House to act in the Speaker's
absence.
The House leadership is structured essentially the same as the Senate, with the Members
in the political parties responsible for the election of their respective leader and whips.
The elected officers of the House of Representatives include the Clerk, the Sergeant at
Arms, the Chief Administrative Officer, and the Chaplain.
The Clerk is custodian of the seal of the House and administers the primary legislative
activities of the House. These duties include accepting the credentials of the Memberselect and calling the Members to order at the commencement of the first session of each
Congress; keeping the Journal; taking all votes and certifying the passage of bills; and
processing all legislation. Through various departments, the Clerk is also responsible for
floor and committee reporting services; legislative information and reference services; the
administration of House reports pursuant to House rules and certain legislation including
the Ethics in Government Act and the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995; and the distribution
of House documents. The Clerk is also charged with supervision of the offices vacated by
Members due to death, resignation, or expulsion.
The Sergeant at Arms maintains the order of the House under the direction of the Speaker
and is the keeper of the Mace. As a member of the U.S. Capitol Police Board, the
Sergeant at Arms is the chief law enforcement officer for the House and serves as Board
Chairman each even year. The ceremonial and protocol duties parallel those of the Senate
Sergeant at Arms and include arranging the inauguration of the President of the United
States, Joint Sessions of Congress, visits to the House of heads of state, and funerals of
Members of Congress. The Sergeant at Arms enforces the rules relating to the privileges
of the Hall of the House, including admission to the galleries, oversees garage and parking
security of the House, and distributes all House staff identification cards.
Committees
The work of preparing and considering legislation is done largely by committees of both
Houses of Congress. There are 19 standing committees in the House of Representatives.
The standing committees of the House of Representatives are shown in the list below. In
addition, there are two select committees in the House and various congressional
commissions and joint committees composed of Members of both Houses. Each House
may also appoint special investigating committees. The membership of the standing
committees of each House is chosen by a vote of the entire body; members of other
committees are appointed under the provisions of the measure establishing them.
Each bill and resolution is usually referred to the appropriate committee, which may report
a bill out in its original form, favorably or unfavorably, recommend amendments, report
original measures, or allow the proposed legislation to die in committee without action.
STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Committee

Chair

Web Site

Agriculture

K. Michael Conaway

http://agriculture.house.gov

Appropriations

Rodney P. Frelinghuysen

http://appropriations.house.gov

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Armed Services

W. McClellan Thornberry

https://armedservices.house.gov

Budget

Diane L. Black

http://budget.house.gov

Education and the Workforce

Virginia A. Foxx

http://edworkforce.house.gov

Energy and Commerce

Gregory P. Walden

https://energycommerce.house.gov

Ethics

Susan W. Brooks

http://ethics.house.gov

Financial Services

T. Jeb Hensarling

http://financialservices.house.gov

Foreign Affairs

Edward R. Royce

https://foreignaffairs.house.gov

Homeland Security

Michael T. McCaul

https://homeland.house.gov

House Administration

Gregory L. Harper

https://cha.house.gov

House Administration (Franking
Office)

Rodney L. Davis

https://cha.house.gov/frankingcommission

Judiciary

Robert W. Goodlatte

https://judiciary.house.gov

Natural Resources

Robert W. Bishop

http://naturalresources.house.gov

Harold W. Gowdy III

https://oversight.house.gov

Peter A. Sessions

https://rules.house.gov

Oversight and Government
Reform
Rules
Rules (Minority)
Science, Space, and

Louise M. Slaughter (Ranking
Member)

http://democrats.rules.house.gov

Lamar S. Smith

https://science.house.gov

Steven J. Chabot

http://smallbusiness.house.gov

William F. Shuster

http://transportation.house.gov

Veterans' Affairs

D. Phillip Roe

https://veterans.house.gov

Ways and Means

Kevin P. Brady

https://waysandmeans.house.gov

Technology
Small Business
Transportation and
Infrastructure

THE ABOVE LIST OF COMMITTEE CHAIRS WAS UPDATED 12–2017

| https://www.house.gov/committees
Special Powers
The House of Representatives is granted the power of originating all bills for the raising of
revenue. Both Houses of Congress act in impeachment proceedings, which, according to
the Constitution, may be instituted against the President, Vice President, and all civil
officers of the United States. The House of Representatives has the sole power of
impeachment, and the Senate has the sole power to try impeachments.
List of U.S. Representatives
STATE / DISTRICT

DISTRICT—PARTY
AFFILIATION

CONTACT INFORMATION

Alabama
Bradley R. Byrne

01—Republican

https://byrne.house.gov

Martha Roby

02—Republican

http://roby.house.gov

Michael D. Rogers

03—Republican

https://mikerogers.house.gov

Robert B. Aderholt

04—Republican

https://aderholt.house.gov

Morris J. Brooks, Jr.

05—Republican

https://brooks.house.gov

Gary J. Palmer

06—Republican

https://palmer.house.gov

Terrycina A. Sewell

07—Democrat

https://sewell.house.gov

At Large—Republican

http://donyoung.house.gov

Alaska
Donald E. Young

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

American Samoa
Amata Coleman Radewagen—

At Large—Republican

https://radewagen.house.gov

Thomas C. O'Halleran

01—Democrat

https://ohalleran.house.gov

Martha McSally

02—Republican

https://mcsally.house.gov

Raúl M. Grijalva

03—Democrat

https://grijalva.house.gov

Paul A. Gosar

04—Republican

http://gosar.house.gov

Andrew S. Biggs

05—Republican

https://biggs.house.gov

David Schweikert

06—Republican

https://schweikert.house.gov

Ruben M. Gallego

07—Democrat

https://rubengallego.house.gov

(vacancy)

08—

NA

Kyrsten Sinema

09—Democrat

https://sinema.house.gov

Eric A. Crawford

01—Republican

https://crawford.house.gov

J. French Hill

02—Republican

https://hill.house.gov

Stephen A. Womack

03—Republican

https://womack.house.gov

Bruce E. Westerman

04—Republican

https://westerman.house.gov

Douglas L. LaMalfa

01—Republican

http://lamalfa.house.gov

Jared W. Huffman

02—Democrat

https://huffman.house.gov

John R. Garamendi

03—Democrat

https://garamendi.house.gov

Thomas M. McClintock

04—Republican

https://mcclintock.house.gov

Michael C. Thompson

05—Democrat

https://mikethompson.house.gov

Doris O. Matsui

06—Democrat

https://matsui.house.gov

Amerish B. Bera

07—Democrat

https://bera.house.gov

Paul J. Cook

08—Republican

https://cook.house.gov

Gerald M. McNerney

09—Democrat

https://mcnerney.house.gov

Jeffrey J. Denham

10—Republican

https://denham.house.gov

Mark J. DeSaulnier

11—Democrat

https://desaulnier.house.gov

Nancy P. Pelosi

12—Democrat

https://pelosi.house.gov

Barbara J. Lee

13—Democrat

https://lee.house.gov

K. Jacqueline Speier

14—Democrat

https://speier.house.gov

Eric M. Swalwell

15—Democrat

https://swalwell.house.gov

James M. Costa

16—Democrat

https://costa.house.gov

Ro Khanna

17—Democrat

https://khanna.house.gov

Anna G. Eshoo

18—Democrat

https://eshoo.house.gov

Zoe Lofgren

19—Democrat

https://lofgren.house.gov

James V. Panetta

20—Democrat

https://panetta.house.gov

David G. Valadao

21—Republican

https://valadao.house.gov

Devin G. Nunes

22—Republican

https://nunes.house.gov

Kevin O. McCarthy

23—Republican

https://kevinmccarthy.house.gov

Salud O. Carbajal

24—Democrat

https://carbajal.house.gov

Stephen T. Knight

25—Republican

https://knight.house.gov

Julia A. Brownley

26—Democrat

https://juliabrownley.house.gov

Judy M. Chu

27—Democrat

https://chu.house.gov

Adam B. Schiff

28—Democrat

https://schiff.house.gov

Delegate

Arizona

Arkansas

California

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Antonio Cárdenas

29—Democrat

https://cardenas.house.gov

Bradley J. Sherman

30—Democrat

https://sherman.house.gov

Peter R. Aguilar

31—Democrat

https://aguilar.house.gov

Grace F. Napolitano

32—Democrat

https://napolitano.house.gov

Ted W. Lieu

33—Democrat

https://lieu.house.gov

Jimmy Gomez

34—Democrat

https://gomez.house.gov

Norma J. Torres

35—Democrat

https://torres.house.gov

Raul Ruiz

36—Democrat

https://ruiz.house.gov

Karen R. Bass

37—Democrat

https://bass.house.gov

Linda T. Sánchez

38—Democrat

https://lindasanchez.house.gov

Edward R. Royce

39—Republican

http://royce.house.gov

Lucille Roybal-Allard

40—Democrat

https://roybal-allard.house.gov

Mark A. Takano

41—Democrat

https://takano.house.gov

Kenneth S. Calvert

42—Republican

http://calvert.house.gov

Maxine M. Waters

43—Democrat

https://waters.house.gov

Nanette Diaz Barragán

44—Democrat

https://barragan.house.gov

Marian K. Walters

45—Republican

https://walters.house.gov

J. Luis Correa

46—Democrat

https://correa.house.gov

Alan S. Lowenthal

47—Democrat

http://lowenthal.house.gov

Dana T. Rohrabacher

48—Republican

https://rohrabacher.house.gov

Darrell E. Issa

49—Republican

https://issa.house.gov

Duncan D. Hunter

50—Republican

https://hunter.house.gov

Juan C. Vargas

51—Democrat

http://vargas.house.gov

Scott H. Peters

52—Democrat

http://scottpeters.house.gov

Susan A. Davis

53—Democrat

https://susandavis.house.gov

Diana L. DeGette

01—Democrat

http://degette.house.gov

Jared S. Polis

02—Democrat

http://polis.house.gov

Scott R. Tipton

03—Republican

http://tipton.house.gov

Kenneth R. Buck

04—Republican

https://buck.house.gov

Douglas L. Lamborn

05—Republican

http://lamborn.house.gov

Michael H. Coffman

06—Republican

http://coffman.house.gov

Edwin G. Perlmutter

07—Democrat

https://perlmutter.house.gov

John B. Larson

01—Democrat

https://larson.house.gov

Joseph Courtney

02—Democrat

https://courtney.house.gov

Rosa L. DeLauro

03—Democrat

https://delauro.house.gov

James A. Himes

04—Democrat

https://himes.house.gov

Elizabeth H. Esty

05—Democrat

https://esty.house.gov

At Large—Democrat

https://bluntrochester.house.gov

At Large—Democrat

https://norton.house.gov

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware
Lisa Blunt Rochester

District of Columbia
Eleanor Holmes Norton—
Delegate

Florida

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Matthew L. Gaetz II

01—Republican

https://gaetz.house.gov

Neal P. Dunn

02—Republican

https://dunn.house.gov

Theodore S. Yoho

03—Republican

http://yoho.house.gov

John H. Rutherford

04—Republican

https://rutherford.house.gov

Alfred J. Lawson, Jr.

05—Democrat

https://lawson.house.gov

Ronald D. DeSantis

06—Republican

https://desantis.house.gov

Stephanie N. Murphy

07—Democrat

https://stephaniemurphy.house.gov

William J. Posey

08—Republican

http://posey.house.gov

Darren M. Soto

09—Democrat

https://soto.house.gov

Valdez Butler Demings

10—Democrat

https://demings.house.gov

Daniel A. Webster

11—Republican

http://webster.house.gov

Gus M. Bilirakis

12—Republican

https://bilirakis.house.gov

Charlie J. Crist, Jr.

13—Democrat

https://crist.house.gov

Katherine A. Castor

14—Democrat

http://castor.house.gov

Dennis A. Ross

15—Republican

http://dennisross.house.gov

Vernon G. Buchanan

16—Republican

https://buchanan.house.gov

Thomas J. Rooney

17—Republican

https://rooney.house.gov

Brian J. Mast

18—Republican

https://mast.house.gov

L. Francis Rooney III

19—Republican

https://francisrooney.house.gov

Alcee L. Hastings

20—Democrat

http://alceehastings.house.gov

Lois J. Frankel

21—Democrat

http://frankel.house.gov

Theodore E. Deutch

22—Democrat

http://teddeutch.house.gov

Deborah Wasserman Schultz

23—Democrat

https://wassermanschultz.house.gov

Frederica S. Wilson

24—Democrat

https://wilson.house.gov

Mario R. Díaz-Balart

25—Republican

http://mariodiazbalart.house.gov

Carlos L. Curbelo

26—Republican

http://curbelo.house.gov

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen

27—Republican

http://ros-lehtinen.house.gov

Georgia
Earl L. Carter

01—Republican

http://buddycarter.house.gov

Sanford D. Bishop, Jr.

02—Democrat

http://bishop.house.gov

A. Drew Ferguson IV

03—Republican

https://ferguson.house.gov

Henry C. Johnson, Jr.

04—Democrat

https://hankjohnson.house.gov

John R. Lewis

05—Democrat

https://johnlewis.house.gov

Karen C. Handel

06—Republican

https://handel.house.gov

W. Robert Woodall

07—Republican

https://woodall.house.gov

J. Austin Scott

08—Republican

https://austinscott.house.gov

Douglas A. Collins

09—Republican

https://dougcollins.house.gov

Jody B. Hice

10—Republican

https://hice.house.gov

Barry D. Loudermilk

11—Republican

http://loudermilk.house.gov

Richard W. Allen

12—Republican

http://allen.house.gov

David A. Scott

13—Democrat

http://davidscott.house.gov

J. Thomas Graves, Jr.

14—Republican

http://tomgraves.house.gov

At Large—Democrat

https://bordallo.house.gov

01—Democrat

https://hanabusa.house.gov

Guam
Madeleine Z. Bordallo—
Delegate

Hawaii
Colleen W. Hanabusa

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Tulsi Gabbard

02—Democrat

https://gabbard.house.gov

Raúl R. Labrador

01—Republican

https://labrador.house.gov

Michael K. Simpson

02—Republican

http://simpson.house.gov

Bobby L. Rush

01—Democrat

http://rush.house.gov

Robin L. Kelly

02—Democrat

https://robinkelly.house.gov

Daniel W. Lipinski

03—Democrat

https://lipinski.house.gov

Luis V. Gutiérrez

04—Democrat

https://gutierrez.house.gov

Michael B. Quigley

05—Democrat

https://quigley.house.gov

Peter J. Roskam

06—Republican

https://roskam.house.gov

Danny K. Davis

07—Democrat

https://davis.house.gov

S. Raja Krishnamoorthi

08—Democrat

https://krishnamoorthi.house.gov

Janice D. Schakowsky

09—Democrat

https://schakowsky.house.gov

Bradley S. Schneider

10—Democrat

https://schneider.house.gov

William G. Foster

11—Democrat

http://foster.house.gov

Michael J. Bost

12—Republican

https://bost.house.gov

Rodney L. Davis

13—Republican

http://rodneydavis.house.gov

Randall M. Hultgren

14—Republican

http://hultgren.house.gov

John M. Shimkus

15—Republican

https://shimkus.house.gov

Adam D. Kinzinger

16—Republican

http://kinzinger.house.gov

Cheryl C. Bustos

17—Democrat

https://bustos.house.gov

Darin M. LaHood

18—Republican

https://lahood.house.gov

Peter J. Visclosky

01—Democrat

https://visclosky.house.gov

Jacqueline S. Walorski

02—Republican

http://walorski.house.gov

James E. Banks

03—Republican

https://banks.house.gov

Theodore E. Rokita

04—Republican

http://rokita.house.gov

Susan W. Brooks

05—Republican

http://susanwbrooks.house.gov

A. Lucas Messer

06—Republican

https://messer.house.gov

André D. Carson

07—Democrat

http://carson.house.gov

Larry D. Bucshon

08—Republican

https://bucshon.house.gov

Joseph A. Hollingsworth III

09—Republican

https://hollingsworth.house.gov

Rodney L. Blum

01—Republican

https://blum.house.gov

David W. Loebsack

02—Democrat

http://loebsack.house.gov

David E. Young

03—Republican

https://davidyoung.house.gov

Steven A. King

04—Republican

https://steveking.house.gov

Roger W. Marshall

01—Republican

https://marshall.house.gov

Lynn M. Jenkins

02—Republican

https://lynnjenkins.house.gov

Kevin W. Yoder

03—Republican

http://yoder.house.gov

Ronald G. Estes

04—Republican

https://estes.house.gov

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

James R. Comer

01—Republican

https://comer.house.gov

S. Brett Guthrie

02—Republican

https://guthrie.house.gov

John A. Yarmuth

03—Democrat

https://yarmuth.house.gov

Thomas H. Massie

04—Republican

https://massie.house.gov

Harold D. Rogers

05—Republican

https://halrogers.house.gov

Garland H. Barr IV

06—Republican

https://barr.house.gov

Stephen J. Scalise

01—Republican

http://scalise.house.gov

Cedric L. Richmond

02—Democrat

https://richmond.house.gov

G. Clay Higgins

03—Republican

https://clayhiggins.house.gov

J. Michael Johnson

04—Republican

https://mikejohnson.house.gov

Ralph L. Abraham

05—Republican

https://abraham.house.gov

Garret N. Graves

06—Republican

https://garretgraves.house.gov

Chellie M. Pingree

01—Democrat

https://pingree.house.gov

Bruce L. Poliquin

02—Republican

https://poliquin.house.gov

Andrew P. Harris

01—Republican

http://harris.house.gov

C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger

02—Democrat

http://ruppersberger.house.gov

John P. Sarbanes

03—Democrat

https://sarbanes.house.gov

Anthony G. Brown

04—Democrat

https://anthonybrown.house.gov

Steny H. Hoyer

05—Democrat

https://hoyer.house.gov

John K. Delaney

06—Democrat

http://delaney.house.gov

Elijah E. Cummings

07—Democrat

https://cummings.house.gov

Jamin B. Raskin

08—Democrat

https://raskin.house.gov

Richard E. Neal

01—Democrat

https://neal.house.gov

James P. McGovern

02—Democrat

http://mcgovern.house.gov

Nicola S. Tsongas

03—Democrat

https://tsongas.house.gov

Joseph P. Kennedy III

04—Democrat

https://kennedy.house.gov

Katherine M. Clark

05—Democrat

https://katherineclark.house.gov

Seth W. Moulton

06—Democrat

http://moulton.house.gov

Michael E. Capuano

07—Democrat

http://capuano.house.gov

Stephen F. Lynch

08—Democrat

http://lynch.house.gov

William R. Keating

09—Democrat

https://keating.house.gov

John W. Bergman

01—Republican

https://bergman.house.gov

William P. Huizenga

02—Republican

http://huizenga.house.gov

Justin A. Amash

03—Republican

http://amash.house.gov

John R. Moolenaar

04—Republican

https://moolenaar.house.gov

Daniel T. Kildee

05—Democrat

http://dankildee.house.gov

Frederick S. Upton

06—Republican

http://upton.house.gov

Timothy L. Walberg

07—Republican

http://walberg.house.gov

Michael D. Bishop

08—Republican

https://mikebishop.house.gov

Sander M. Levin

09—Democrat

http://levin.house.gov

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Paul Mitchell III

10—Republican

https://mitchell.house.gov

David A. Trott

11—Republican

https://trott.house.gov

Deborah A. Dingell

12—Democrat

https://debbiedingell.house.gov

(vacancy)

13—

NA

Brenda L. Lawrence

14—Democrat

https://lawrence.house.gov

Timothy J. Walz

01—Democrat

https://walz.house.gov

Jason M. Lewis

02—Republican

https://jasonlewis.house.gov

Erik P. Paulsen

03—Republican

https://paulsen.house.gov

Betty L. McCollum

04—Democrat

http://mccollum.house.gov

Keith M. Ellison

05—Democrat

https://ellison.house.gov

Thomas E. Emmer, Jr.

06—Republican

https://emmer.house.gov

Collin C. Peterson

07—Democrat

http://collinpeterson.house.gov

Richard M. Nolan

08—Democrat

http://nolan.house.gov

01—Republican

https://trentkelly.house.gov

Minnesota

Mississippi
J. Trent Kelly
Bennie G. Thompson

02—Democrat

https://benniethompson.house.gov

Gregory L. Harper

03—Republican

http://harper.house.gov

Steven M. Palazzo

04—Republican

http://palazzo.house.gov

Missouri
W. Lacy Clay, Jr.

01—Democrat

https://lacyclay.house.gov

Ann L. Wagner

02—Republican

http://wagner.house.gov

W. Blaine Luetkemeyer

03—Republican

http://luetkemeyer.house.gov

Vicky J. Hartzler

04—Republican

https://hartzler.house.gov

Emanuel Cleaver II

05—Democrat

http://cleaver.house.gov

Samuel B. Graves, Jr.

06—Republican

https://graves.house.gov

William H. Long

07—Republican

https://long.house.gov

Jason T. Smith

08—Republican

https://jasonsmith.house.gov

At Large—Republican

https://gianforte.house.gov

Jeffrey L. Fortenberry

01—Republican

https://fortenberry.house.gov

Donald J. Bacon

02—Republican

https://bacon.house.gov

Adrian M. Smith

03—Republican

http://adriansmith.house.gov

A. Costandina Titus

01—Democrat

https://titus.house.gov

Mark E. Amodei

02—Republican

https://amodei.house.gov

Jacklyn S. Rosen

03—Democrat

https://rosen.house.gov

Ruben J. Kihuen

04—Democrat

https://kihuen.house.gov

Carol Shea-Porter

01—Democrat

https://shea-porter.house.gov

Ann McLane Kuster

02—Democrat

http://kuster.house.gov

Montana
Gregory R. Gianforte

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

New Jersey
Donald W. Norcross

01—Democrat

https://norcross.house.gov

Frank A. LoBiondo

02—Republican

http://lobiondo.house.gov

Thomas C. MacArthur

03—Republican

https://macarthur.house.gov

Christopher H. Smith

04—Republican

http://chrissmith.house.gov

Joshua S. Gottheimer

05—Democrat

https://gottheimer.house.gov

Frank J. Pallone, Jr.

06—Democrat

https://pallone.house.gov

Leonard J. Lance

07—Republican

http://lance.house.gov

Albio B. Sires

08—Democrat

https://sires.house.gov

William J. Pascrell, Jr.

09—Democrat

http://pascrell.house.gov

Donald M. Payne, Jr.

10—Democrat

http://payne.house.gov

Rodney P. Frelinghuysen

11—Republican

https://frelinghuysen.house.gov

Bonnie Watson Coleman

12—Democrat

https://watsoncoleman.house.gov

Michelle Lujan Grisham

01—Democrat

https://lujangrisham.house.gov

Stevan E. Pearce

02—Republican

http://pearce.house.gov

Ben R. Luján

03—Democrat

https://lujan.house.gov

Lee M. Zeldin

01—Republican

https://zeldin.house.gov

Peter T. King

02—Republican

http://peteking.house.gov

Thomas R. Suozzi

03—Democrat

https://suozzi.house.gov

Kathleen M. Rice

04—Democrat

http://kathleenrice.house.gov

Gregory W. Meeks

05—Democrat

http://meeks.house.gov

Grace Meng

06—Democrat

http://meng.house.gov

Nydia M. Velázquez

07—Democrat

https://velazquez.house.gov

Hakeem S. Jeffries

08—Democrat

http://jeffries.house.gov

Yvette D. Clarke

09—Democrat

https://clarke.house.gov

Jerrold L. Nadler

10—Democrat

http://nadler.house.gov

Daniel M. Donovan, Jr.

11—Republican

https://donovan.house.gov

Carolyn B. Maloney

12—Democrat

http://maloney.house.gov

Adriano D. Espaillat

13—Democrat

https://espaillat.house.gov

Joseph Crowley

14—Democrat

http://crowley.house.gov

José E. Serrano

15—Democrat

https://serrano.house.gov

Eliot L. Engel

16—Democrat

https://engel.house.gov

Nita M. Lowey

17—Democrat

https://lowey.house.gov

Sean P. Maloney

18—Democrat

http://seanmaloney.house.gov

John J. Faso

19—Republican

https://faso.house.gov

Paul D. Tonko

20—Democrat

https://tonko.house.gov

Elise M. Stefanik

21—Republican

https://stefanik.house.gov

Claudia Tenney

22—Republican

https://tenney.house.gov

Thomas W. Reed II

23—Republican

https://reed.house.gov

John M. Katko

24—Republican

https://katko.house.gov

Louise McIntosh Slaughter

25—Democrat

https://louise.house.gov

Brian M. Higgins

26—Democrat

http://higgins.house.gov

Christopher C. Collins

27—Republican

https://chriscollins.house.gov

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

George K. Butterfield

01—Democrat

http://butterfield.house.gov

George E.B. Holding

02—Republican

http://holding.house.gov

Walter B. Jones, Jr.

03—Republican

http://jones.house.gov

David E. Price

04—Democrat

https://price.house.gov

Virginia A. Foxx

05—Republican

http://foxx.house.gov

B. Mark Walker

06—Republican

https://walker.house.gov

David C. Rouzer

07—Republican

https://rouzer.house.gov

Richard L. Hudson, Jr.

08—Republican

https://hudson.house.gov

Robert M. Pittenger

09—Republican

https://pittenger.house.gov

Patrick T. McHenry

10—Republican

http://mchenry.house.gov

Mark R. Meadows

11—Republican

https://meadows.house.gov

Alma S. Adams

12—Democrat

http://adams.house.gov

Theodore P. Budd

13—Republican

https://budd.house.gov

At Large—Republican

http://cramer.house.gov

At Large—Independent

http://sablan.house.gov

Steven J. Chabot

01—Republican

http://chabot.house.gov

Brad R. Wenstrup

02—Republican

http://wenstrup.house.gov

Joyce B. Beatty

03—Democrat

http://beatty.house.gov

James D. Jordan

04—Republican

http://jordan.house.gov

Robert E. Latta

05—Republican

http://latta.house.gov

William L. Johnson

06—Republican

http://billjohnson.house.gov

Robert B. Gibbs

07—Republican

https://gibbs.house.gov

Warren E. Davidson

08—Republican

https://davidson.house.gov

Marcia C. Kaptur

09—Democrat

https://kaptur.house.gov

Michael R. Turner

10—Republican

https://turner.house.gov

Marcia L. Fudge

11—Democrat

https://fudge.house.gov

Patrick J. Tiberi

12—Republican

http://tiberi.house.gov

Timothy J. Ryan

13—Democrat

http://timryan.house.gov

David P. Joyce

14—Republican

https://joyce.house.gov

Steven E. Stivers

15—Republican

http://stivers.house.gov

James B. Renacci

16—Republican

https://renacci.house.gov

James F. Bridenstine

01—Republican

http://bridenstine.house.gov

Markwayne Mullin

02—Republican

http://mullin.house.gov

Frank D. Lucas

03—Republican

http://lucas.house.gov

Thomas J. Cole

04—Republican

https://cole.house.gov

Steven D. Russell

05—Republican

https://russell.house.gov

Suzanne M. Bonamici

01—Democrat

http://bonamici.house.gov

Gregory P. Walden

02—Republican

https://walden.house.gov

Earl Blumenauer

03—Democrat

https://blumenauer.house.gov

North Dakota
Kevin J. Cramer

Northern Mariana Islands
Gregorio Kilili Camacho Sablan
—Delegate

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Peter A. DeFazio

04—Democrat

http://defazio.house.gov

W. Kurt Schrader

05—Democrat

http://schrader.house.gov

Robert A. Brady

01—Democrat

http://brady.house.gov

Dwight Evans

02—Democrat

https://evans.house.gov

George J. Kelly, Jr.

03—Republican

http://kelly.house.gov

Scott G. Perry

04—Republican

http://perry.house.gov

Glenn W. Thompson

05—Republican

http://thompson.house.gov

Ryan A. Costello

06—Republican

https://costello.house.gov

Patrick L. Meehan

07—Republican

https://meehan.house.gov

Brian K. Fitzpatrick

08—Republican

https://fitzpatrick.house.gov

William F. Shuster

09—Republican

https://shuster.house.gov

Thomas A. Marino

10—Republican

https://marino.house.gov

Louis J. Barletta

11—Republican

http://barletta.house.gov

Keith J. Rothfus

12—Republican

https://rothfus.house.gov

Brendan F. Boyle

13—Democrat

https://boyle.house.gov

Michael F. Doyle

14—Democrat

http://doyle.house.gov

Charles W. Dent

15—Republican

https://dent.house.gov

Lloyd K. Smucker

16—Republican

https://smucker.house.gov

Matthew A. Cartwright

17—Democrat

http://cartwright.house.gov

(vacancy)

18—

NA

At Large—Republican

https://gonzalez-colon.house.gov

David N. Cicilline

01—Democrat

http://cicilline.house.gov

James R. Langevin

02—Democrat

http://langevin.house.gov

Marshall C. Sanford, Jr.

01—Republican

https://sanford.house.gov

Addison G. Wilson

02—Republican

http://joewilson.house.gov

Jeffrey D. Duncan

03—Republican

http://jeffduncan.house.gov

Harold W. Gowdy III

04—Republican

https://gowdy.house.gov

Ralph W. Norman, Jr.

05—Republican

https://norman.house.gov

James E. Clyburn

06—Democrat

http://clyburn.house.gov

H. Thompson Rice, Jr.

07—Republican

http://rice.house.gov

At Large—Republican

https://noem.house.gov

D. Phillip Roe

01—Republican

http://roe.house.gov

John J. Duncan, Jr.

02—Republican

http://duncan.house.gov

Charles J. Fleischmann

03—Republican

http://fleischmann.house.gov

Scott E. DesJarlais

04—Republican

https://desjarlais.house.gov

James H.S. Cooper

05—Democrat

http://cooper.house.gov

Diane L. Black

06—Republican

http://black.house.gov

Pennsylvania

Puerto Rico
Jenniffer A. González-Colón—
Resident Commissioner

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota
Kristi L. Noem

Tennessee

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Marsha W. Blackburn

07—Republican

http://blackburn.house.gov

David F. Kustoff

08—Republican

https://kustoff.house.gov

Stephen I. Cohen

09—Democrat

https://cohen.house.gov

Louis B. Gohmert, Jr.

01—Republican

https://gohmert.house.gov

L. Theodore Poe

02—Republican

https://poe.house.gov

Samuel R. Johnson

03—Republican

http://samjohnson.house.gov

John L. Ratcliffe

04—Republican

https://ratcliffe.house.gov

T. Jeb Hensarling

05—Republican

http://hensarling.house.gov

Joseph L. Barton

06—Republican

https://joebarton.house.gov

John A. Culberson

07—Republican

http://culberson.house.gov

Kevin P. Brady

08—Republican

http://kevinbrady.house.gov

Alexander N. Green

09—Democrat

http://algreen.house.gov

Michael T. McCaul

10—Republican

http://mccaul.house.gov

K. Michael Conaway

11—Republican

http://conaway.house.gov

Kay M. Granger

12—Republican

http://kaygranger.house.gov

W. McClellan Thornberry

13—Republican

http://thornberry.house.gov

Randy K. Weber, Sr.

14—Republican

http://weber.house.gov

Vicente Gonzalez

15—Democrat

https://gonzalez.house.gov

Robert F. O'Rourke

16—Democrat

http://orourke.house.gov

William H. Flores

17—Republican

http://flores.house.gov

Sheila Jackson Lee

18—Democrat

http://jacksonlee.house.gov

Jodey Cook Arrington

19—Republican

https://arrington.house.gov

Joaquin Castro

20—Democrat

https://castro.house.gov

Lamar S. Smith

21—Republican

http://lamarsmith.house.gov

Peter G. Olson

22—Republican

https://olson.house.gov

William B. Hurd

23—Republican

https://hurd.house.gov

Kenny E. Marchant

24—Republican

https://marchant.house.gov

J. Roger Williams

25—Republican

http://williams.house.gov

Michael C. Burgess

26—Republican

http://burgess.house.gov

R. Blake Farenthold

27—Republican

http://farenthold.house.gov

Enrique R. Cuellar

28—Democrat

http://cuellar.house.gov

R. Eugene Green

29—Democrat

https://green.house.gov

Eddie Bernice Johnson

30—Democrat

http://ebjohnson.house.gov

John R. Carter

31—Republican

https://carter.house.gov

Peter A. Sessions

32—Republican

https://sessions.house.gov

Marc A. Veasey

33—Democrat

http://veasey.house.gov

Filemón B. Vela, Jr.

34—Democrat

https://vela.house.gov

Lloyd A. Doggett II

35—Democrat

https://doggett.house.gov

Brian Babin

36—Republican

http://babin.house.gov

Robert W. Bishop

01—Republican

http://robbishop.house.gov

Christopher D. Stewart

02—Republican

http://stewart.house.gov

John R. Curtis

03—Republican

https://curtis.house.gov

Ludmya B. Love

04—Republican

https://love.house.gov

At Large—Democrat

https://welch.house.gov

Texas

Utah

Vermont
Peter F. Welch

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Virgin Islands
Stacey E. Plaskett—Delegate

At Large—Democrat

https://plaskett.house.gov

Robert J. Wittman

01—Republican

http://wittman.house.gov

Scott W. Taylor

02—Republican

https://taylor.house.gov

Robert C. Scott

03—Democrat

http://bobbyscott.house.gov

A. Donald McEachin

04—Democrat

https://mceachin.house.gov

Thomas A. Garrett, Jr.

05—Republican

https://tomgarrett.house.gov

Robert W. Goodlatte

06—Republican

https://goodlatte.house.gov

David A. Brat

07—Republican

http://brat.house.gov

Donald S. Beyer, Jr.

08—Democrat

http://beyer.house.gov

H. Morgan Griffith

09—Republican

http://morgangriffith.house.gov

Barbara J. Comstock

10—Republican

https://comstock.house.gov

Gerald E. Connolly

11—Democrat

https://connolly.house.gov

Suzan K. DelBene

01—Democrat

https://delbene.house.gov

Richard R. Larsen

02—Democrat

http://larsen.house.gov

Jaime L. Herrera Beutler

03—Republican

http://herrerabeutler.house.gov

Daniel M. Newhouse

04—Republican

https://newhouse.house.gov

Cathy A. McMorris Rodgers

05—Republican

http://mcmorris.house.gov

Derek C. Kilmer

06—Democrat

https://kilmer.house.gov

Pramila Jayapal

07—Democrat

https://jayapal.house.gov

David G. Reichert

08—Republican

http://reichert.house.gov

D. Adam Smith

09—Democrat

https://adamsmith.house.gov

Dennis L. Heck

10—Democrat

http://dennyheck.house.gov

David B. McKinley

01—Republican

https://mckinley.house.gov

Alexander X. Mooney

02—Republican

https://mooney.house.gov

Evan H. Jenkins

03—Republican

https://evanjenkins.house.gov

Paul D. Ryan

01—Republican

http://paulryan.house.gov

Mark Pocan

02—Democrat

http://pocan.house.gov

Ronald J. Kind

03—Democrat

https://kind.house.gov

Gwendolynne S. Moore

04—Democrat

https://gwenmoore.house.gov

F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr.

05—Republican

http://sensenbrenner.house.gov

Glenn S. Grothman

06—Republican

http://grothman.house.gov

Sean P. Duffy

07—Republican

https://duffy.house.gov

Michael J. Gallagher

08—Republican

https://gallagher.house.gov

At Large—Republican

https://cheney.house.gov

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming
Elizabeth L. Cheney

THE ABOVE LIST OF 435 REPRESENTATIVES
WAS UPDATED 12–2017.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

The Resident Commissioner and Delegates are
not counted as Members.
Republicans are 239; Democrats are 193; and
there are 3 vacancies.
Information on House.gov may be more accurate and current.

| https://www.house.gov

Sources of Information
Art Competition
Each spring, the Congressional Institute sponsors a nationwide high school visual art
competition to recognize and encourage artistic talent. Students submit their entries to their
Representative’s office, and panels of district artists select the winning artwork, which is
displayed at the U.S. Capitol for 1 year.
http://www.house.gov/content/educate/art_competition
Campaign Finance
The Federal Election Commission maintains a campaign finance database that contains
information on candidates, including congressional candidates, who file reports with the
Commission. Users of the online "Candidate and Committee Viewer" can sort data and
download them. The data presentations consist of biennial summaries, report summaries,
and report images and downloads.
http://www.fec.gov/finance/disclosure/candcmte_info.shtml?tabIndex=1
Campaign Web Sites
The Library of Congress maintains a database of "Archived Web Sites" that includes
thousands of official campaign Web sites. Former congressional candidates' Web sites are
part of this collection.
https://www.loc.gov/websites
Career Opportunities
The House Vacancy Announcement and Placement Service assists House Members,
committees, and leadership by posting job vacancies and maintaining a resume bank. The
Service provides confidential referral of resumes when House offices request them.
Information on submitting a resume is available online.
http://www.house.gov/content/jobs/members_and_committees.php
To apply for positions with House organizations, read the individual vacancy
announcements and follow the instructions.
http://www.house.gov/content/jobs/vacancies.php
Committees
Information on House committees is available on House.gov.
http://www.house.gov/committees
Additional information is available on the Office of the Clerk's Web site.
http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/index.aspx
Congressional Record
Starting with the year 1995, the official record of the proceedings and debates of the U.S.
Congress is available on Congress.gov.
https://www.congress.gov/congressional-record
Starting with the year 1994, the official record of the proceedings and debates of the U.S.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Congress is available on the Government Publishing Office's govinfo website.
https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/crec
Directories
The Web site House.gov has a directory that contains the committee assignment,
congressional district, name, phone number, political affiliation, and room number of each
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives, as well as the Uniform Resources Locator
(URL) the leads to his or her Web site.
http://www.house.gov/representatives
The online "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–Present," allows
visitors to search for Members of Congress—past and present—by first or last name,
political affiliation, position, State, or year or Congress.
http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp
Present and former Members of Congress have control numbers associated with their
records in the "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress." Member IDs or
"BioGuide IDs" serve as metadata within Congress.gov and legislative documents that the
Government Publishing Office publishes.
https://www.congress.gov/help/field-values/member-bioguide-ids
Find a Representative
A Zip code-based search tool is available on House.gov for locating a representative.
http://www.house.gov/representatives/find
Educational Resources
The Office of the Clerk's Web site features educational and entertaining information on the
legislative branch of the Government for students of all ages. Its Kids in the House Web
site explains the role of the House of Representatives, describes the legislative process,
and covers House history.
http://kids.clerk.house.gov
Adults seeking to learn about commissions, committees, House history, House leadership,
Representatives, rules, or a Representative's schedule may benefit from "The House
Explained" section on House.gov.
http://www.house.gov/content/learn
Glossary
The Office of the Clerk's Web site features a short glossary for children.
http://kids.clerk.house.gov/young-learners/glossary.html
House.gov features a glossary of terms related to congressional records.
http://history.house.gov/Records-and-Research/FAQs/Congressional-Glossary/
House.gov features a glossary of records management terms.
http://history.house.gov/Records-and-Research/FAQs/Records-Glossary/
The "Statement of Disbursements" is a quarterly public report of all receipts and
expenditures for U.S. House of Representatives committees, leadership, Members, and
officers and offices. To help the general public read this report, House.gov maintains an
online glossary.
http://disbursements.house.gov/glossary.shtml
History
The House of Representative's "History, Art and Archives" Web site features resources

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

and a trove of information, including online collections, exhibitions, publications, and
records.
http://history.house.gov
Member Profiles
The "Members of the U.S. Congress" database contains profiles for Representatives who
have held office since 1973 or were still serving in the 93d Congress. Users of the
database can filter profiles by chamber, Congress, political affiliation, and State or U.S.
Territory. A Member profile includes the following: dates of service, district number and
State, party affiliation, and a picture when available, as well as a link to the Member's entry
in the "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–Present" and a link to
remarks made in the "Congressional Record." A profile also includes the list of legislation
that the Member sponsored and cosponsored.
https://www.congress.gov/members
Membership / Party Divisions
The Office of the Clerk's "Congressional Profile" Web page keeps a tally of the number of
Democrats, Independents, Republicans, and vacant seats in both the House of
Representatives and the Senate.
http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/cong.aspx
Publications
The Congressional Directory, Rules and Manual of the House of Representatives, and
telephone directory for the House of Representatives are available from the Government
Publishing Office's bookstore. Phone, 202-512-0132.
https://www.gpo.gov/about/bookstore.htm | Email: mainbks@gpo.gov
Schedule
The House's schedule and related resources are available in the "Legislative Activity"
section on House.gov.
http://www.house.gov/legislative
Site Map
House.gov features a site map that allows visitors to look for a specific topic or to browse
content that aligns with their interests.
http://www.house.gov/content/site_tools/sitemap.php
Websites
More information on legislation and the U.S. House of Representatives is available on
Congress.gov.
https://www.congress.gov
More information also is available on House.gov.
http://www.house.gov
More information also is available on the Government Publishing Office's govinfo website.
https://www.govinfo.gov
http://clerk.house.gov
For further information, contact the Clerk, The Capitol, Washington, DC 20515. Phone, 202225-7000.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=wBnZD1ihyZI=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:04 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Architect of the Capitol

ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL
U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, DC 20515
202-228-1793
http://www.aoc.gov
ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL
Deputy Architect of the Capitol / Chief
Operating Officer

Stephen T. Ayers
Christine A. Merdon

Assistant Architect of the Capitol

Michael G. Turnbull

Chief Administrative Officer

Amy Johnson

Chief Financial Officer

Thomas Carroll

General Counsel

Jason Baltimore

Inspector General

Christopher Failla

Chief Executive Officer for Visitor Services,
U.S. Capitol Visitor Center
Director, Communications and Congressional
Relations
Director, Planning and Project Management
Director, Safety, Fire and Environmental
Programs

Beth Plemmons

Mary Anne Bittner
Peter W. Mueller
Patricia Williams

Director, Security Programs

Kenneth A. Eads

Director, Utilities and Power Plant Operations

Christopher Potter

Executive Director, U.S. Botanic Garden

Susan K. Pell, Acting

Facility Manager, Supreme Court Building and
Grounds

Joseph A. Campbell

Superintendent, Capitol Building

Mark Reed

Superintendent, Capitol Grounds

Theodore R. Bechtol, Jr.

Superintendent, House Office Buildings

William M. Weidemeyer

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=smyiV6hGyHg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:09 PM]

Superintendent, Library Buildings and Grounds Larry D. Brown
Superintendent, Senate Office Buildings

Takis Tzamaras

https://www.aoc.gov/organizational-directory
The above list of key personnel was updated 09–2017.

The Architect of the Capitol maintains the U.S. Capitol and the buildings and grounds
of the Capitol campus.
Permanent authority for the care and maintenance of the U.S. Capitol was
established by the act of August 15, 1876 (40 U.S.C. 162, 163). The title Architect of
the Capitol (AOC) is the official title of both the agency and the person.
Historically, the President appointed the Architect of the Capitol for an indefinite term.
Legislation enacted in 1989, however, provides that the President, with the advice
and consent of the Senate, appoints the Architect for a 10-year term from a list of
three candidates whom a congressional commission recommends. Upon confirmation
by the Senate, the Architect becomes an official of the legislative branch as an officer
of Congress. The Architect is eligible for reappointment at the end of his or her 10year term. While overseeing the agency, the Architect also serves as the Acting
Director of the U.S. Botanic Garden.
https://www.aoc.gov/governance
The Architect of the Capitol serves the Congress and Supreme Court in its capacity
as the builder and steward of the landmark buildings and grounds of Capitol Hill. AOC
staff preserves and maintains the art, historic buildings, monuments, and inspirational
gardens on the Capitol campus. The AOC team, comprising more than 2,000
employees and providing around-the-clock service, creates a safe environment and
inspiring experiences for those who visit and work on Capitol Hill.
The AOC traces its beginnings to the laying of the Capitol cornerstone in 1793. The
agency oversees the operations and care of more than 17.4 million square feet of
facilities, 580 acres of grounds, and thousands of works of art. The Capitol campus
accommodates 30,000 daily occupants and hosts more than 3 million visitors
annually.
https://www.aoc.gov/who-we-are

Sources of Information
Architecture
A trove of information on columns, materials, styles, and more is available on the
AOC website.
https://www.aoc.gov/architecture
Art
The AOC website includes pages on AOC art stories, artists, art by State, decorative
arts, paintings and murals, and sculptures, as well as on African Americans, Native
Americans, and women in art.
https://www.aoc.gov/art
Blog
AOC experts write on the architecture, art, and work on the Capitol Hill.
http://www.aoc.gov/blog

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=smyiV6hGyHg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:09 PM]

Business Opportunities
Information for contractors and small businesses—delivery instructions, procedures,
procurement opportunities, and programs—is accessible online.
https://www.aoc.gov/procurement
Career Opportunities
The AOC relies heavily on architects, carpenters, electricians, engineers, gardeners,
masons, mechanics, painters and plasterers, plumbers, and sheet metal workers to
maintain the U.S. Capitol and the buildings and grounds of the surrounding campus.
https://www.aoc.gov/careers
In 2016, The AOC ranked 11th among 27 midsize Government agencies in the Best
Places To Work Agency Rankings.
http://bestplacestowork.org/BPTW/rankings/detail/AC00
Events
The AOC website contains pages of events associated with the U.S. Capitol and
Botanic Garden. Events include Christmas tree displays, concerts, lying in state,
Presidential Inaugurations, and State of the Union addresses.
https://www.aoc.gov/capitol-campus-events
Facts
Capitol Hill facts are posted on the AOC website.
https://www.aoc.gov/facts/capitol-hill
Gallery
A multimedia gallery is available online.
https://www.aoc.gov/multimedia-gallery
Grounds
Frederick L. Olmsted planned the late 19th-century expansion and landscaping of the
Capitol Grounds. Olmsted, who also designed Central Park in New York City, was
regarded as the most talented American landscape architect of his day. The "About
the Grounds" web page features an informative 4-minute video on his plan for the
U.S. Capitol.
https://www.aoc.gov/capitol-grounds/about-grounds
History
President George Washington appointed commissioners to provide buildings and
accommodations for Congress. The commissioners hired the French artist and
engineer Major Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a Revolutionary War veteran, to lay out the
new city. They also staged a competition for the design of the Capitol. Dr. William
Thornton's entry won the competition. To learn more about the first "architect of the
capitol" and the Architects that followed, visit the AOC's history web pages.
https://www.aoc.gov/about-aoc/history-architect
Map
A map of Capitol Hill is available online.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=smyiV6hGyHg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:09 PM]

https://www.aoc.gov/us-capitol-map
News
The AOC posts news and notices on its website.
https://www.aoc.gov/news
Organizational Directory
An organizational directory is available online.
https://www.aoc.gov/organizational-directory
Oversight
The Office of the Inspector General from the AOC posts reports and data on
Oversight.gov, a text-searchable repository of reports that Federal Inspectors General
publish. The Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency operates
and maintains the website to increase public access to independent and authoritative
information on the Federal Government.
https://oversight.gov
Planning a Visit
Information on accessibility services, activities, tours, visiting hours, and where to
shop and eat is available online.
http://www.aoc.gov/plan-your-visit
Projects
The AOC never lacks things to preserve or restore. Visit the "Projects" web page to
learn about ongoing work.
https://www.aoc.gov/projects
Publications
The AOC publishes a variety of publications that are accessible online.
https://www.aoc.gov/publications
Site Map
The website map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
https://www.aoc.gov/sitemap
Social Media
The AOC tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.
https://twitter.com/uscapitol
The AOC has a Facebook account.
https://www.facebook.com/ArchitectoftheCapitol
The AOC posts videos on its YouTube channel.
https://www.youtube.com/user/AOCgov
Trees
Approximately 890 trees surround the Capitol Building on Capitol Square, and more

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=smyiV6hGyHg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:09 PM]

than 4,300 trees grow throughout the 274-acre Capitol Grounds. A tree map is
available on the "Trees on Capitol Grounds" web page.
https://www.aoc.gov/trees
http://www.aoc.gov/contact-form
For further information, contact the Office of the Architect of the Capitol, U.S. Capitol
Building, Washington, DC 20515. Phone, 202-228-1793.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=smyiV6hGyHg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:09 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Congressional Budget Office

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
Second and D Streets SW., Washington, DC 20515
202-226-2600
http://www.cbo.gov
DIRECTOR

Keith Hall

Deputy Director

Mark P. Hadley

OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR
Associate Director, Communications

Deborah Kilroe

Associate Director, Economic Analysis

Wendy Edelberg

Associate Director, Economic Analysis

Jeffrey Kling

Associate Director, Legislative Affairs

Leigh Angres

General Counsel

T.J. McGrath

Senior Advisor

Robert A. Sunshine

OTHER DIVISIONS
Assistant Director, Budget Analysis

Theresa A. Gullo

Assistant Director, Financial Analysis

Sebastien Gay

Assistant Director, Health, Retirement, and
Long-Term Analysis

David Weaver

Assistant Director, Macroeconomic Analysis

Jeffrey F. Werling

Assistant Director, Microeconomic Studies

Joseph Kile

Assistant Director, National Security

David E. Mosher

Assistant Director, Tax Analysis

John McClelland

Chief Administrative Officer, Management,
Business, and Information Services

Joseph E. Evans, Jr.

The Congressional Budget Office produces independent analyses of budgetary and
economic issues to support the congressional budget process.
Organizational Chart
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) was established by the Congressional
Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 601), which also created a procedure by which the
Congress considers and acts on the annual Federal budget. This process enables the
Congress to have an overview of the Federal budget and to make overall decisions
on spending and taxation levels and on the deficit or surplus these levels generate.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=i22iNfihYm4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:15 PM]

https://www.cbo.gov/about/founding

Activities
The CBO assists the congressional budget committees with drafting and enforcing
the annual budget resolution, which serves as a blueprint for total levels of
Government spending and revenues in a fiscal year. Once completed, the budget
resolution guides the action of other congressional committees in drafting subsequent
spending and revenue legislation within their jurisdiction.
To support this process, the CBO makes budgetary and economic projections,
analyzes the proposals set forth in the President's budget request, and details
alternative spending and revenue options for lawmakers to consider. The CBO also
provides cost estimates of bills approved by congressional committees and tracks the
progress of spending and revenue legislation in a scorekeeping system. CBO cost
estimates and scorekeeping help the budget committees determine whether the
budgetary effects of individual proposals are consistent with the most recent spending
and revenue targets.
Upon congressional request, the CBO also produces reports analyzing specific policy
and program issues that are significant for the budget. In keeping with the Office's
nonpartisan role, its analyses do not include policy recommendations, and they
routinely disclose their underlying assumptions and methods. This open and
nonpartisan stance has been instrumental in preserving the credibility of the Office's
analyses.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/products/RecurringReports
Analysis of the President's Budget
The CBO estimates the budgetary impact of the proposals in the President's budget
using its own economic forecast and assumptions. The CBO's independent
reestimate allows Congress to compare the administration's spending and revenue
proposals with the CBO's baseline projections and other proposals using a consistent
set of economic and technical assumptions.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/products#2
Baseline Budget Projections and Economic Forecasts
Each year, the CBO issues reports on the budget and economic outlook that cover
the 10-year period used in the congressional budget process. Those reports present
and explain the CBO's baseline budget projections and economic forecast, which are
generally based on current law regarding Federal spending and revenues. The
reports also describe the differences between the current projections and previous
ones, compare the CBO's economic forecast with those of other forecasters, and
show the budgetary impact of some alternative policy assumptions.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/products#1
Budgetary and Economic Policy Issues
The CBO also analyzes specific program and policy issues that affect the Federal
budget and the economy. Generally, requests for these analyses come from the chair
or ranking minority member of a committee or subcommittee or from the leadership of
either party in the House or Senate.
https://www.cbo.gov/topics/reports-policy-options
Cost Estimates for Bills
The CBO provides cost estimates of every bill to show how it would affect spending or
revenues over the next 5 or 10 years, depending on the type of spending involved.
The CBO also provides informal estimates at the committee level and other stages in

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=i22iNfihYm4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:15 PM]

the legislative process.
https://www.cbo.gov/cost-estimates
Federal Mandates
As required by the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, the CBO analyzes the
costs that proposed legislation would impose on State, local, and tribal governments
and on the private sector. The CBO produces mandate statements with its cost
estimates for each committee-approved bill.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/products#7
Scorekeeping
The CBO provides the budget and appropriations committees with frequent
tabulations of congressional action affecting spending and revenues. Those
scorekeeping reports provide information on whether legislative actions are consistent
with the spending and revenue levels set by the budget resolution.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/products#9

Sources of Information
Blog
The CBO Web site features a blog.
https://www.cbo.gov/blog
Business Opportunities
Information to help vendors is available online.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/business-opportunities | Email: acquisitions@cbo.gov
Cost Estimates
The CBO Web site features an online tool for searching cost estimates.
https://www.cbo.gov/cost-estimates
Career Opportunities
A career at the CBO offers opportunities to analyze public policies and their
budgetary and economic effects, to work with policy analysis experts, to support the
Congress, and to provide nonpartisan and objective analysis.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/careers | Email: careers@cbo.gov
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The CBO posts answers to the most common questions that people ask.
https://www.cbo.gov/faqs
Glossary
The glossary is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). It defines terms
that are commonly used in CBO reports. Many of the entries conform to those
published in "A Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process" (Government
Accountability Office, 2005).
https://www.cbo.gov/publication/42904
Information Products
CBO informational, nonpartisan products include baseline projections for selected
programs, budget and economic data, and major recurring reports.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=i22iNfihYm4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:15 PM]

https://www.cbo.gov/about/products
Internships
Interns attend seminars, participate in an educational program, and contribute to the
agency's output of analysis.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/careers/internships | Email: careers@cbo.gov
Press Center
The CBO posts news and upcoming events online, as well as SlideShare
presentations and YouTube videos. It also disseminates information via an RSS feed
and by tweeting on Twitter.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/press-center
Site Map
The CBO site map allows Internet visitors to look for keywords or to browse content
that aligns with their interests.
https://www.cbo.gov/sitemap
Topics
The CBO Web sites allows visitors to browse topics of analysis or to search for them
with an online search tool. Topic categories include agriculture, budget, climate and
environment, economy, education, energy and natural resources, health care,
housing, immigration, income distribution, poverty and income security, social
security, taxes, and more.
https://www.cbo.gov/topics
Visiting Scholars
The CBO welcomes applications from analysts and scholars in all fields; however, it
has a special interest in collaborating with experts in macroeconomics and financial,
health, and public economics.
https://www.cbo.gov/about/careers/visitingscholars | Email: careers@cbo.gov
https://www.cbo.gov/about/contact
For further information, contact the Management, Business, and Information Services
Division, Congressional Budget Office, Second and D Streets SW., Washington, DC
20515. Phone, 202-226-2600. Fax, 202-226-2714.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=i22iNfihYm4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:15 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Government Accountability Office

GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE
441 G Street NW., Washington, DC 20548
202-512-3000
http://www.gao.gov
KEY PERSONNEL TABLES
COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED
STATES

Gene L. Dodaro

http://www.gao.gov/cghome/gdbiog.html
Chief Operating Officer

Katherine A. Siggerud

Chief Quality Officer

Timothy P. Bowling

MANAGING DIRECTORS
Audit Policy and Quality Assurance

Anu Mittal

Audit Policy and Quality Assurance

Benjamin F. Nelson

Continuous Process Improvement

Thomas Williams

MANAGING DIRECTORS OF MISSION
TEAMS
Applied Research and Methods

Nancy Kingsbury

Contracting and National Security Acquisitions

Michele Mackin

Defense Capabilities and Management

Cathleen A. Berrick

Education, Workforce, and Income Security

Barbara D. Bovbjerg

Financial Management and Assurance

J. Lawrence Malenich

Financial Markets and Community Investment

Lawrance Evans, Jr.

Forensic Audits and Investigative Service

Johana R. Ayers

Health Care

A. Nicole Clowers

Homeland Security and Justice

George A. Scott

Information Technology

Valerie Melvin

International Affairs and Trade

Charles M. Johnson, Jr.

Natural Resources and Environment

Mark E. Gaffigan

Physical Infrastructure

Daniel Bertoni

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

Strategic Issues

Chief Administrative Officer / Chief Financial
Officer

J. Christopher Mihm

Karl J. Maschino

Deputy Chief Administrative Officer

Paul R. Johnson

Chief Human Capital Officer

William White

Chief Information Officer

Howard Williams, Jr.

Deputy Chief Financial Officer / Controller

William L. Anderson

MANAGING DIRECTORS
Field Operations

Linda M. Calbom

Infrastructure Operations

Terrell G. Dorn

Professional Development Program

Teresa Rivera Russell

Learning Center

Gustavo Crosetto

MANAGING DIRECTORS OF STAFF
OFFICES
Congressional Relations

Orice Williams Brown

Opportunity and Inclusiveness

Reginald E. Jones

Public Affairs

Charles Young

Strategic Planning and External Liaison

James-Christian Blockwood

General Counsel

Thomas H. Armstrong

Deputy General Counsel / Ethics Counselor

Edda Emmanuelli Perez

http://www.gao.gov/about/workforce/ogc.html
Inspector General

Adam Trzeciak

http://www.gao.gov/about/workforce/igbio.html
The key personnel tables above were updated 3–2018.

The Government Accountability Office helps the Congress fulfill its constitutional
responsibilities and heightens the Federal Government's accountability and
performance.
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency
that works for the Congress. The agency is known as the "congressional watchdog"
because it investigates how the Federal Government spends taxpayer dollars. The
Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 (31 U.S.C. 702) established the General
Accounting Office. Eighty three years later, it was renamed the Government
Accountability Office pursuant to the GAO Capital Reform Act of 2004 (31 U.S.C. 702
note).

Activities
The GAO gathers information that the Congress uses to determine how effective
executive branch agencies are at carrying out their missions. Its efforts routinely

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

center on answering basic questions: Are Government programs meeting their
objectives? Are they providing services of value to the public? Ultimately, the GAO
ensures that the Government is accountable to the American people.
To help Senators and Representatives make informed policy decisions, the GAO
provides them with accurate, balanced, and timely information. The Office supports
congressional oversight by evaluating Government policies and programs; auditing
agency operations to ensure effective, efficient, and appropriate spending of Federal
funds; investigating allegations of illegal and improper activities; and issuing legal
decisions and opinions.
With virtually the entire Federal Government subject to its review, the GAO issues a
steady stream of products, including hundreds of reports and testimonies by GAO
officials each year. Its reports, which are often called "blue books," meet short-term,
immediate needs for information on a wide range of Government operations. These
reports help Members of Congress better understand emerging, long-term issues
whose effects are far-reaching. Saving billions of American tax dollars, the GAO's
work supports a wide variety of improvements in Government operations and
legislative actions.
http://www.gao.gov/about

Sources of Information
At a Glance
The "GAO at a Glance" web page offers a profile of the agency, including information
on the scope and nature of its activities.
http://www.gao.gov/about/gglance.html
Bid Protests
Bidders or other interested parties may protest Federal Government procurement
contracts. The GAO provides an inexpensive and expeditious forum for the resolution
of these protests. Two search tools are available on the "Bid Protests" web page. One
allows users to search and access all published bid protest decisions; the other
allows users to search the bid protest docket to find status information on cases filed
within the past 12 months.
http://www.gao.gov/legal/bid-protests/search | Email: ProtestFinder@gao.gov
Blog
The GAO's website features "WatchBlog: Following the Federal Dollar." To receive
electronic notifications of new posts, sign up by entering an email address in the
appropriate text box on the "WatchBlog" web page.
https://blog.gao.gov
Career Opportunities
The GAO relies on attorneys, communications analysts, criminal investigators,
economists, financial auditors, information technology analysts, and other
professionals to carry out its mission.
http://www.gao.gov/careers/index.html
The GAO offers an intern program for students. Appointments for intern positions are
10–16 weeks in length and normally held during summer months. A student must be
enrolled on at least a half-time basis, as determined by his or her college or
university. A GAO student intern receives an appointment on a nonpermanent basis;
however, after completing 400 hours of service and meeting degree requirements, he

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

or she may be eligible for a permanent position. Internships are open to
undergraduate and graduate students.
http://www.gao.gov/careers/student.html
The GAO is an outstanding agency at which to work in the Federal Government.
Among 25 midsize agencies, it placed second in the Partnership for Public Service's
2017 Best Places To Work rankings.
http://bestplacestowork.org/BPTW/rankings/detail/GA00
FraudNet
FraudNet helps people report suspicion of abuse, fraud, waste, or mismanagement of
Federal funds to the appropriate authorities. It refers allegations to Federal, State,
and local law enforcement, and to Offices of Inspector General, when appropriate; it
supports congressional investigation and audit requests; it provides audit and
investigative leads to GAO staff; and it offers support to government at all levels for
establishing and operating hotlines. Phone, 800-424-5454. Fax, 202-512-3086.
http://www.gao.gov/fraudnet | Email: fraudnet@gao.gov
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
The GAO is not subject to the FOIA; however, its disclosure policy adheres to the
spirit of the act while remaining consistent with its duties and functions as an agency
whose primary responsibility is to the Congress. Fax, 202-512-5806.
http://www.gao.gov/about/freedom_of_information_act | Email:
RecordsRequest@gao.gov
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The GAO posts answers to general questions about its legal decisions.
http://www.gao.gov/legal/more/about
Good Governance
The Center for Audit Excellence promotes good governance and builds the capacity
of domestic and international accountability organizations. It provides high-quality
training, technical assistance, and related products and services.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/centerforauditexcellence/overview
History
After the signing of the armistice agreement of November 11, 1918, the hostilities of
the First World War ended. Although the United States had entered the war as a
combatant late, in the spring of 1917, it transported millions of troops and their
equipment to the western front to support the Allies. Wartime spending had inflated
the national debt, and Congress needed reliable information and enhanced
expenditure control. In 1921, to manage better the Nation's affairs, Congress passed
the Budget and Accounting Act. To learn more about this piece of legislation and the
role that a new agency was playing in Federal financial management, visit the "The
History of GAO" web pages..
http://www.gao.gov/about/history
Key Issues
The "Key Issues" web pages contain information on GAO's work on a range of
national issues, and they highlight the agency's most relevant reports.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

http://www.gao.gov/key_issues/overview#t=0
Organizational Chart
The GAO's organizational chart is available on its website.
http://www.gao.gov/about/workforce/orgchart.html
Podcast Gallery
Recorded, hosted, and produced by GAO staff, the "Watchdog Report" features
interviews with agency officials on significant issues and new reports.
http://www.gao.gov/multimedia/podcast
Products
The best known GAO products—correspondence, legal decisions and opinions,
reports, and testimonies—are available to the press and the public.
http://www.gao.gov/about/products
Publications
Most GAO products and publications are available online, free of charge. Charges for
printed copies cover the printing, shipping, and handling costs. Phone, 202-512-6000
or 866-801-7077. TDD, 202-512-2537.
http://www.gao.gov/ordering.htm
The GAO's website allows visitors to browse reports and testimonies by date and
topic and by agency alphabetically or hierarchically.
http://www.gao.gov/browse/date/week
The "Principles of Federal Appropriations Law," also known as the "Red Book," is a
multivolume treatise on Federal fiscal law. It provides text discussions with references
to specific legal authorities to illustrate legal principles, their applications, and
exceptions. These references include GAO decisions and judicial decisions, opinions,
statutory provisions, and other relevant sources.
http://www.gao.gov/legal/red-book/overview
Recommendations Database
The recommendations database contains report recommendations that still need to
be addressed. GAO's recommendations help congressional and agency leaders
prepare for appropriations and oversight activities, as well as improve Government
operations. Recommendations remain open until designated as "closed-implemented"
or "closed-not implemented." The public can explore open recommendations online
by browsing or searching.
http://www.gao.gov/recommendations
Resources
The GAO website features resources that auditors and others promoting
accountability may find useful.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/auditors/overview
The GAO website features resources that Members of Congress and and their staff
may find useful.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/congress/overview

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

The GAO website features resources that Federal agency managers may find useful.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/federal_managers/overview
The GAO website features resources that journalists may find useful.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/journalists/overview
The GAO website features resources—search tips for locating GAO products on its
website, information on using the data and images contained in them, suggestions for
additional informational sources—that researchers may find useful.
http://www.gao.gov/resources/researchers/overview
Social Media
The GAO has a Facebook account.
https://www.facebook.com/usgao
The GAO tweets announcements, news, and other noteworthy items on Twitter.
https://twitter.com/usgao
The GAO posts videos on its YouTube channel.
https://www.youtube.com/user/usgao
The GAO posts informational graphics and photographs on Flickr.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/usgao
Site Map
The website map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
http://www.gao.gov/sitemap.html
Telephone Directory
The "Organizational Telephone Directory" (December 2017), a resource that the
agency updates often, contains GAO personnel contact information. It is available
online in Portable Document Format (PDF).
http://www.gao.gov/about.gao/phonebook/orgphonebook.pdf
Updates
A subscription form is available on the GAO's website to sign up for email updates on
the latest reports. Daily or monthly electronic updates are options, too, as well as
notifications about correspondence, reports, and testimony that fall within a specific
topic area.
http://www.gao.gov/subscribe/index.php
Video Gallery
The GAO website features a video collection that is diverse and extensive,
educational and informative.
http://www.gao.gov/multimedia/video/#video_id=679942
Widgets
Snippets of HTML code for embedding small news widgets that refresh automatically
are available on the GAO website. Pasting the code into the desired location on a

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

website makes the most recent reports and testimonies and legal decisions from
GAO locally accessible.
http://www.gao.gov/widgets_reports_and_legal.html
http://www.gao.gov/about/contact.html | Email: contact@gao.gov
For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs, Government Accountability
Office, 441 G Street NW., Washington, DC 20548. Phone, 202-512-4800.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=VRBVgs0MYHU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:24 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Government Publishing Office

GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
732 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC 20401
202-512-1800
http://www.gpo.gov
DIRECTOR

(vacancy)

Deputy Director

Herbert H. Jackson, Jr., Acting

Equal Employment Opportunity Managing
Director

Mark A. Paras

Chief Administrative Officer

Herbert H. Jackson, Jr.

Chief Financial Officer

Steven T. Shedd

Chief of Staff

Richard G. Davis, Acting

General Counsel

Kerry L. Miller, Acting

Superintendent of Documents

Laurie Hall

CHIEF OFFICERS
Acquisition

Lorna E. Baptiste-Jones

Human Capital

Dan M. Mielke

Information

Wesam Musa

Public Relations

Gary Somerset

Security

LaMont R. Vernon

Technology

Richard G. Davis

MANAGING DIRECTORS
Customer Services

Sandra K. MacAfee

Labor Relations

Melissa Hatfield

Library Services and Content Management

Laurie Hall

Official Journals of Government

Lyle L. Green

Plant Operations

John W. Crawford

Security and Intelligent Documents

Stephen G. LeBlanc

https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/leadership

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=djWcs00tD1E=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:27 PM]

Inspector General

Melinda M. Miguel

https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/inspector-general/overview-and-hotline
The above list of key personnel was updated 10–2018.

The Government Publishing Office produces, procures, and disseminates printed and
electronic publications of the Congress, executive departments, and Federal agencies
and establishments.
The Government Publishing Office (GPO) was created on June 23, 1860, by
Congressional Joint Resolution 25. The Office opened for business on March 4, 1861.
Its duties are defined in title 44 of the U.S. Code. The President appoints the Director,
who is then confirmed by the Senate.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/history

Activities
Headquartered in Washington, DC, with a total employment of approximately 1,700,
the Office is responsible for the production and distribution of information products
and services for the three branches of the Federal Government. It is the Federal
Government's primary centralized resource for producing, procuring, cataloging,
indexing, authenticating, disseminating, and preserving the official information
products of the U.S. Government in digital and tangible forms.
While many of the informational products, such as the "Congressional Record" and
"Federal Register," are produced at the main GPO plant, most of the Government's
printing is done in partnership with America's printing industry. The Office procures 75
percent of all printing orders through private sector vendors across the country,
competitively buying products and services from thousands of businesses in all 50
States. The contracts cover the entire spectrum of printing and publishing services
and are suitable for companies of all sizes.
The agency disseminates Federal information products through a sales program, a
nationwide distribution network of Federal depository libraries, the Federal Digital
System (FDsys), and the free U.S. Government information service known as govinfo,
which is replacing FDsys. The public can already access hundreds of thousands of
Federal Government document titles by visiting the govinfo website.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/mission-vision-and-goals

Sources of Information
Annual Reports / Budget Submissions
An annual report archives and budget submission archives are available on the
"Congressional Relations" web page.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/congressional-relations
Ben's Guide
An educational website for children and young adults, Ben's Guide has learning
adventures for the apprentice level (ages 4–8), journeyperson level (ages 9–13), and
master level (ages 14 and older).
https://bensguide.gpo.gov
Blog
"Government Book Talk" offers reviews of new and popular publications, talking about

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=djWcs00tD1E=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:27 PM]

forthcoming and out-of-print books. The blog spotlights the variety of Government
publications that are available and the scope of their influence.
https://govbooktalk.gpo.gov
Bookstore
Printed copies of many documents, ranging from Supreme Court opinions to reports
from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, may be purchased. To order in person, visit the
GPO Main Bookstore at 710 North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC (corner of
North Capitol Street NW. and G Street), 8 a.m.–4 p.m. To order online, use the link
below. To order by phone or inquire about an order, call 866-512-1800 or 202-5121800 (Washington, DC–metropolitan area), 8 a.m.–5:30 p.m., eastern standard time.
All orders require prepayment by an American Express, Discover/NOVUS,
MasterCard, or VISA credit card; check or money order; or Superintendent of
Documents (SOD) deposit account, which customers who purchase Government
products on a recurring basis can open with the GPO. Fax, 202-512-2104.
https://bookstore.gpo.gov | Email: contactcenter@gpo.gov
Business Opportunities
GPO procurement services teams post open term contract and one-time bid
solicitations online.
https://www.gpo.gov/how-to-work-with-us/vendors/contract-opportunities
Small purchase solicitations are posted on the "Quick Quote" website.
https://contractorconnection.gpo.gov/OpenJobs.aspx
Career Opportunities
The GPO provides other Government agencies with services for the printing,
publishing, distribution, and storage of digital content. To deliver these services
successfully, it relies on creative, energetic, and talented professionals representing
diverse trades and administrative fields.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/careers/how-to-apply
Catalog of U.S. Government Publications (CGP)
The CGP is a searchable Federal publications catalog that contains descriptive
information on recent and historical publications, as well as links to some complete
documents. Users may search the catalog by agency, keywords, subject, and title.
https://catalog.gpo.gov/F?RN=785806650
Congressional Relations
The Office of Congressional Relations responds to congressional inquiries and
requests. Phone, 202-512-1991. Fax, 202-512-1293.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/congressional-relations
Federal Depository Libraries
A Federal depository library directory is available online.
https://catalog.gpo.gov/fdlpdir/FDLPdir.jsp
Federal Lawmaking
An outline of the Federal lawmaking process—starting with the introduction of a bill by
a Member of the Congress, continuing through its passage by both Chambers, and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=djWcs00tD1E=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:27 PM]

culminating in the President's approval—is available online in Portable Document
Format (PDF).
https://www.gpo.gov/docs/default-source/media-kit-files/how-a-bill-becomes-a-Law.pdf
Govinfo
Free public access to the full text of official publications from the three branches of
the Federal Government is available at govinfo. The website also serves as a
standards-compliant preservation repository, offers advanced search engine
capabilities, and functions as a content management system to control digital content
throughout its lifecycle.
https://www.govinfo.gov
History
The GPO opened for business several weeks before Confederate artillery opened fire
on a Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Within 18 months of the first salvo, the GPO
had readied one of the most significant documents in American history for President
Abraham Lincoln's signature. To learn more about the 1862 war order that acted as a
precursor to the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, watch the video "Lincoln and
His Printers: GPO in the Civil War."
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/history
A GPO timeline and short history of making electronic Government information
accessible to the public is available online.
https://www.govinfo.gov/about/history
Media Kit
The GPO media kit contains links to access resources and to download information
that may be useful for reporters and Federal agency customers. It also has a list of
links providing easy access to the agency's social media sites. For additional
information, contact the Public Relations team. Phone, 202-512-1957.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/news-media/media-kit
News / Press Releases
The GPO posts the latest news and maintains a news archive, from 1997 to the
present, on its website. Phone, 202-512-1957. Fax, 202-512-1998.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/news-media/news-and-press-releases
Offices / Distribution Centers
Contact information for nationwide offices and the Laurel, MD, and Pueblo, CO,
distribution centers is available on the GPO website.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/our-agency/office-locations
Organizational Chart
The GPO posts its organizational chart in Portable Document Format (PDF) for
viewing and downloading.
https://www.gpo.gov/docs/default-source/media-kit-files/gpo_organization_05_18.pdf
Oversight
The Office of the Inspector General from the GPO posts reports and data on
Oversight.gov, a text-searchable repository of reports that Federal Inspectors General

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=djWcs00tD1E=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:27 PM]

publish. The Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency operates
and maintains the website to increase public access to independent and authoritative
information on the Federal Government.
https://oversight.gov
Social Media
The GPO maintains a presence on six social media sites: Facebook, Twitter,
YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, and Pinterest. Links to these sites are listed together
in one location on the "Media Kit" web page.
https://www.gpo.gov/who-we-are/news-media/media-kit
Style Manual
An official guide to the form and style of Federal Government publishing is available
online.
https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2016/pdf/GPOSTYLEMANUAL-2016.pdf
https://www.gpo.gov/contact.htm | Email: ContactCenter@gpo.gov
For further information, contact Public Relations, Government Publishing Office, 732
North Capitol Street NW., Washington, DC 20401. Phone, 202-512-1957. Fax, 202-5121998.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=djWcs00tD1E=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:27 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Library of Congress
Congressional Research Service

SEARCH

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540
202-707-5000
http://www.loc.gov
LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS

Carla D. Hayden

Deputy Librarian for Institutional Advancement

Robert R. Newlen

Chief of Staff

Elizabeth C. Morrison

Chief Operating Officer

Edward R. Jablonski

General Counsel

Elizabeth Pugh

Inspector General

Kurt W. Hyde

Chief Communications Officer

Roswell M. Encina

Director of Human Resources Services

Rachel Bouman

Director of Congressional Research Service

Mary B. Mazanec

Associate Librarian for Library Services

J. Mark Sweeney

Director of National International Outreach

Jane McAuliffe

Law Librarian of Congress

Jane F. Sánchez

Acting Register of Copyrights

Karyn A. Temple Claggett

Library of Congress Trust Fund Board
CHAIR (Librarian of Congress)

Carla D. Hayden

(Fiscal Assistant Secretary of the Treasury)

David A. Lebryk

(Chair, Joint Committee on the Library)

Gregg Harper

( Vice Chair, Joint Committee on the Library)

Richard Shelby

Member

Kathleen L. Casey

Member

J. Richard Fredericks

Member

Thomas Girardi

Member

Christopher G. Long

Member

Sheila Marcelo

Member

George Marcus

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

Member

John Miller

Member

(vacancy)

Member

(vacancy)

Member

(vacancy)

The Library of Congress is the national library of the United States, offering diverse
materials for research, including the world's most extensive collections in areas such
as American history, music, and law.
Organizational Chart
The Library of Congress was established by Act of April 24, 1800 (2 Stat. 56),
appropriating $5,000 "for the purchase of such books as may be necessary for the
use of Congress . . . ." The Library's scope of responsibility has been widened by
subsequent legislation (2 U.S.C. 131-168d). The Librarian, appointed by the
President with the advice and consent of the Senate, directs the Library.
The Library's first responsibility is service to Congress. Its Congressional Research
Service provides Congress with legislative research and analysis that is authoritative,
confidential, objective, and timely during all stages of the legislative process. The
Library's Congress.gov Web site serves as a source of legislative information for both
Congress and the general public.
https://www.congress.gov
As the Library has developed, its range of service has expanded to include the entire
governmental establishment and the public at large. The Library serves as a national
library for the United States, and its online presence makes it a global resource.
https://www.loc.gov/about

Activities
Collections
The Library's extensive collections are universal in scope. They include books,
serials, and pamphlets on every subject and in more than 470 languages, and
research materials in many formats, including maps, photographs, manuscripts,
motion pictures, and sound recordings. Among them are the most comprehensive
collections of books outside Asia and the former Soviet Union; the largest collection of
published aeronautical literature; and the most extensive collection of books in the
Western Hemisphere.
The manuscript collections relate to various aspects of American history and
civilization and include the personal papers of most of the Presidents from George
Washington to Calvin Coolidge. The music collections contain volumes and pieces—
manuscript and published—from classic works to the newest popular compositions.
Other materials available for research include maps and views; photographic records;
recordings, prints, drawings, and posters; government documents, newspapers, and
periodicals; and motion pictures, microforms, audio and video tapes, and digital and
online materials.
https://www.loc.gov/discover
Reference Resources
Admission to the various research facilities of the Library is free. The Library's reading
rooms are open to persons age 16 and older. Readers must register by presenting
valid photo identification with a current address. For some collections, there are
additional requirements. While priority is given to inquiries about special materials or
to unique resources, the Library provides helpful responses to all inquirers. Online
reference service is also available through the “Ask a Librarian" Web page.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

http://www.loc.gov/rr
Copyrights
With the enactment of the second general revision of the U.S. copyright law by Act of
July 8, 1870 (16 Stat. 212–217), all activities relating to copyright, including deposit
and registration, were centralized in the Library of Congress. The Copyright Act of
1976 (90 Stat. 2541) brought all forms of copyrightable authorship, both published
and unpublished, under a single statutory system which gives authors protection upon
creation of their works. Exclusive rights granted to authors under the statute include
the right to reproduce and prepare derivative works, distribute copies or
phonorecords, perform and display the work publicly, and in the case of sound
recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.
Works eligible for copyright include literary works (books and periodicals), musical
works, dramatic works, pantomimes and choreographic works, pictorial, graphic, and
sculptural works, motion pictures, sound recordings, vessel hull designs, mask works,
and architectural works.
The Copyright Office serves as a National registry for creative works, registering more
than 500,000 claims annually. It is also a major source of acquisitions for the Library's
collections. Most paper information is also accessible on its Web site.
http://www.copyright.gov
Extension of Service
The Library offers duplication services; the sale of sound recordings, cataloging data
and tools; the exchange of duplicates with other institutions; development of
classification schemes; preparation of bibliographic lists for Government and
research; maintenance and publication of cooperative publications; and publication of
catalogs, bibliographic guides, and lists, and texts of original manuscripts and rare
books. It has items for circulation in traveling exhibitions; books in Braille, as well as
“talking books on the Internet, and books on tape. The Library distributes electronic
materials and provides research and analytical services for a fee. The Library also
manages the following programs: centralized and cooperative cataloging; catalogingin-publication for unpublished books; interlibrary loan system; and the U.S.
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) Center.
Furthermore, the Library provides for the following: the preparation of bibliographical
lists responsive to the needs of Government and research; the maintenance and the
publication of cooperative publications; the publication of catalogs, bibliographical
guides, and lists, and of texts of original manuscripts and rare books in the Library of
Congress; the circulation in traveling exhibitions of items from the Library's
collections; the provision of books in Braille, electronic access to Braille books on the
Internet, "talking books," and books on tape for the blind and the physically
handicapped through more than 100 cooperating libraries throughout the Nation; the
distribution of its electronic materials via the Internet; and the provision of research
and analytical services on a fee-for-service basis to agencies in the executive and
judicial branches.
https://www.loc.gov/services
American Folklife Center
The American Folklife Center was established in the Library of Congress by Act of
January 2, 1976 (20 U.S.C. 2102 et seq.). It supports, preserves, and presents
American folklife by receiving and maintaining folklife collections, scholarly research,
field projects, performances, exhibitions, festivals, workshops, publications, and
audiovisual presentations. The Center administers the Veterans History Project,
which records and preserves the first-person accounts of war veterans. It collaborates

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

with the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American History and
Culture to maintain the Civil Rights History Project and its resulting collection of
interviews with leaders and participants in the Civil Rights movement. The Center
also maintains and administers the American Folklife Center Archive, which is an
extensive multi-format collection of ethnographic materials from this country and
around the world, and serves as the national repository for folk-related field
recordings, manuscripts, and other unpublished materials. The Archive also contains
the collections of StoryCorps, a program to record and collect oral histories from
people from all walks of life.
The Center's reading room contains over 4,000 books and periodicals; a sizable
collection of magazines, newsletters, unpublished theses, and dissertations; field
notes; and many textual and some musical transcriptions and recordings. Information
on the Center's blog, social media, publications, and collections is available online.
https://www.loc.gov/folklife
For further information, call 202-707-5510.

Center for the Book
The Center was established in the Library of Congress by an Act of October 13, 1977
(2 U.S.C. 171 et seq.), to stimulate public interest in books, reading, and libraries, and
to encourage the study of books and print culture. The Center promotes and explores
the vital role of books, reading, and libraries, nationally and internationally. As a
partnership between the Government and the private sector, the Center for the Book
depends on tax-deductible contributions from individuals and corporations to support
its programs.
The Center's activities are directed toward the general public and scholars. The
overall program includes reading promotion projects with television and radio
networks, symposia, lectures, exhibitions, special events, and publications. More than
80 national education and civic organizations participate in the Center's annual
reading promotion campaign.
The Center provides leadership for 52 affiliated State—including the District of
Columbia and the Virgin Islands—centers for the book and nonprofit readingpromotion partners. It oversees the Library’s read.gov Web site, administers the
Library's Young Readers Center and its Poetry and Literature Center, and plays a key
role in the Library’s annual National Book Festival. The Center also administers the
position of Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry, as well as, in collaboration with the
Children's Book Council, the position of the National Ambassador for Young People's
Literature.
http://www.read.gov/cfb
| Email: cfbook@loc.gov
For further information, contact the Center for the Book. Phone, 202-707-5221. Fax,
202-707-0269.

National Film Preservation Board
The National Film Preservation Board, established by the National Film Preservation
Act of 1988 (102 Stat. 1785) and reauthorized by the National Film Preservation Act
of 2005 (2 U.S.C. 179l note), serves as a public advisory group to the Librarian of
Congress. The Board works to ensure the survival, conservation, and increased
public availability of America's film heritage, including advising the Librarian on the
annual selection of films to the National Film Registry and counseling the Librarian on
development and implementation of the national film preservation plan.
https://www.loc.gov/programs/national-film-preservation-board/about-this-program

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

For further information, call 202-707-5912.

National Sound Recording Preservation Board
The National Recording Preservation Board, established by the National Recording
Preservation Act of 2000 (2 U.S.C. 1701 note) reviews nominated sound recordings
for inclusion in the National Recording Registry and advises the Librarian on the
inclusion of such recordings in the Registry to preserve sound recordings that are
culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. The Board comprises three major
components: a National Recording Preservation Advisory Board, which brings
together experts in the field; a National Recording Registry; and a fundraising
foundation, all of which are conducted under the auspices of the Library of Congress.
The Board implements a national plan for the long-term preservation and accessibility
of the Nation's audio heritage. The national recording preservation program sets
standards for future private and public preservation efforts in conjunction with the
Library's National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, VA.
https://www.loc.gov/programs/national-recording-preservation-board/about-this-program
For further information, call 202-707-5856.

Preservation
The Library provides technical information related to the preservation of library and
archival material. The Library’s Preservation Directorate includes three preservation
science laboratories, a Center for the Library’s Analytical Science Samples, and a
Collections Recovery Room. Information on publications and various preservation
and conservation topics is available online.
http://www.loc.gov/rr/askalib/ask-preserv.html
For further information, call 202-707-1840.

Sources of Information
Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Braille and talking books and magazines, including music materials, are distributed
through more than 100 regional and subregional libraries to residents of the United
States and its territories who are blind or have a physical disability. Eligible Americans
living abroad are also able to participate. Users may also register for the Braille and
Audio Reading Download (BARD) online service, enabling them to use the BARD
mobile app to read on smart devices. Information is available from the National
Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress, 1291
Taylor Street NW., Washington, DC 20542-4960. Phone, 202-707-5100 or 1-888NLS-READ (1-888-657-7323).
http://www.loc.gov/ThatAllMayRead | Email: nls@loc.gov
Business Opportunities
To learn about business opportunities, visit the "Doing Business With the Library"
Web page.
http://www.loc.gov/about/doing-business-with-the-library
Cataloging Distribution Services
Cataloging and bibliographic information in the form of microfiche catalogs, book
catalogs, magnetic tapes, CD-ROM cataloging tools, bibliographies, and other
technical publications is distributed to libraries and other institutions. Information
about ordering materials is available from the Cataloging Distribution Service, Library
of Congress, Washington, DC 20541-4910. Phone, 202-707-6100. TDD, 202-707-

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

0012. Fax, 202-707-1334. Email, cdsinfo@mail.loc.gov. Card numbers for new
publications and Electronic Preassigned Control Numbers for publishers are available
from the Cataloging in Publication Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC
20541-4910. Phone, 202-707-6345.

Copyright Services
Information about the copyright law (title 17 of the U.S. Code), the method of securing
copyright, and copyright registration procedures may be obtained by writing to the
Copyright Office, Library of Congress, 101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington,
DC 20559-6000. Phone, 202-707-3000. Registration application forms may be
ordered by calling the forms hotline at 202-707-9100. Copyright records may be
researched and reported by the Copyright Office for a fee; for an estimate, call 202707-6850. Members of the public may use the copyright card catalog in the Copyright
Office without charge. The database of Copyright Office records cataloged from
January 1, 1978, to the present is available online at http://cocatalog.loc.gov/. The
Copyright Information Office is located in Room LM-401, James Madison Memorial
Building, 101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20559-6000. It is open to
the public Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., except for Federal holidays.
http://www.loc.gov/copyright
Employment
The Library offers many opportunities for those seeking employment, fellowships or
internships, or volunteer positions. Job vacancy announcements and application
information are posted online and also available from the Employment Office, Room
LM-107, 101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540. Phone, 202-7074315.
http://www.loc.gov/hr/employment
Duplication Services
Copies of manuscripts, prints, photographs, maps, and book material not subject to
copyright and other restrictions are available for a fee. Order forms for photo
reproduction and price schedules are available from Duplication Services, Library of
Congress, 101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-4570. Phone,
202-707-5640.
http://www.loc.gov/duplicationservices
Exhibitions
Throughout the year, the Library offers free exhibitions featuring items from its
collections. Library exhibitions may be viewed Monday through Saturday, 8:30 a.m. to
4:30 p.m., in the Thomas Jefferson Building. For more information, call 202-707-4604.
To view current and past exhibitions online, use the link below.
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits
Federal Agency Research Services
Federal agencies can procure research and analytical products on foreign and
domestic topics using the collections of the Library of Congress through the Federal
Research Division. Science, technology, humanities, and social science research are
conducted by staff specialists exclusively on behalf of Federal agencies on a fee-forservice basis. Research requests should be directed to the Federal Research
Division, Marketing Office, Library of Congress, Washington, DC 20540-4840. Phone,
202-707-9133. Fax, 202-707-3920.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd
Publications
Library of Congress publications are available online. The Library of Congress
Magazine (LCM) is published 6 times a year and may be viewed online at
http://www.loc.gov/lcm/. The calendar of public events is also available online at
www.loc.gov/loc/events and is available by mail to persons within 100 miles of
Washington, DC. To be added to the calendar mailing list, send a request to Office
Systems Services, Mail and Distribution Management Section, Library of Congress,
101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-9441 or send an email to
pao@loc.gov.
http://www.loc.gov/visit/shopping
Reference and Bibliographic Services
Guidance is offered to readers in identifying and using the material in the Library's
collections, and reference service is provided to those with inquiries who have
exhausted local, State, and regional resources. Persons requiring services that
cannot be performed by the Library staff can be supplied with names of private
researchers who work on a fee-for-service basis. Requests for information should be
directed to the Reference Referral Service, Library of Congress, 101 Independence
Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-4720. Phone, 202-707-5522. Fax, 202-7071389. Questions may also be submitted online at the "Ask a Librarian" Web site.
http://www.loc.gov/rr/askalib
Research and Reference Services in Science and Technology
Requests for reference services should be directed to the Science, Technology, and
Business Division, Library of Congress, Science Reference Section, 101
Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-4750. Phone, 202-707-5639.
http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech
Tours
Guided tours of the Library are available on weekdays, 10:30 a.m.–3:30 p.m., and on
Saturdays at 10:30 and 11:30 a.m. and at 1:30 and 2:30 p.m. For more information on
scheduling a tour for a group of 10 or more, contact the Visitor Services Office.
Phone, 202-707-0919.
https://www.loc.gov/visit/tours
http://www.loc.gov | Email: pao@loc.gov
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, Library of Congress, 101
Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540-8610. Phone, 202-707-2905. Fax,
202-707-2905. Fax, 202-707-9199.

CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
101 Independence Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20540
202-707-5000
Director, Congressional Research Service

Mary B. Mazanec

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) provides comprehensive research
and analysis on all legislative and oversight issues of interest to Congress. The

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

CRS assists Congress by responding to specific questions and by preparing
reports on legislative topics in anticipation of questions and emerging issues.
The CRS works with Members, committees, and congressional staff to identify
and clarify policy problems and assess the implications of proposed policy
alternatives. CRS experts play a role in every stage of the legislative process.
http://www.loc.gov/crsinfo/about

Sources of Information
Employment
Current vacancies and entry-level opportunities are posted online, as well as
information on internship programs.
http://www.loc.gov/crsinfo/opportunities
http://www.loc.gov/crsinfo/contact
For further information, call 202-707-5700.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=YcoVbyegC6w=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:39 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

United States Botanic Garden

UNITED STATES BOTANIC GARDEN
Office of Executive Director, 245 First Street SW., Washington, DC 20024
202-226-8333
http://www.usbg.gov
Conservatory, 100 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20001
Production Facility, 4700 Shepherd Parkway SW., Washington, DC 20032
202-226-4780
ACTING DIRECTOR
Stephen T. Ayers

https://www.aoc.gov/architect-of-the-capitol/stephen-t-ayers-faia-ccm-leed-ap-architectcapitol
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Susan K. Pell, Acting

https://www.usbg.gov/staff/susan-pell-phd
The above list of key personnel was updated 09–2017.

The United States Botanic Garden informs visitors of the importance and value of
plants to humankind and to Earth's ecosystems.
The U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) has a long history that reaches back to the
Founding Fathers. In October of 1796, President George Washington suggested that
"a Botanic Garden would be a good appendage" to a Federal university. Twenty-four
years later, President James Madison helped establish a botanic garden in the U.S.
Capital under the auspices of the Columbian Institute, a society dedicated to
promoting the arts and sciences. This early botanic collection served as the
cornerstone of what would become the Nation's future botanic garden.
Congress also supported establishing a national botanic garden. By an act of August
26, 1842, it made provision for the safekeeping and arrangement of dried and living
specimens that Lieutenant Charles Wilkes's expedition had collected while exploring
the Pacific Rim. Congress placed the enlarged collection under the stewardship of its

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=6xqxT43ctWM=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:46 PM]

Joint Committee on the Library.
When the old Patent Office was expanded in 1849, a new location for the plants and
greenhouse had to be found. Congress again intervened and, by an act of May 15,
1850, funded the construction of a new greenhouse and the collection's relocation.
The Joint Committee on the Library, with assistance from the Commissioner of Public
Buildings, managed the project. A new national botanic garden opened on the
National Mall, at the west end of the Capitol Grounds, later that year.
By 1856—the collection had been named officially the United States Botanic Garden,
Congress was providing an annual appropriation for its upkeep, and the Joint
Committee on the Library had assumed responsibility for both its direction and
maintenance. To satisfy the McMillan Commission's plan for a large, open mall, the
USBG was moved in 1933, one block south, to its present site. The Joint Committee
on the Library maintains oversight of the USBG through the Architect of the Capitol,
who holds the title of Acting Director.
https://www.usbg.gov/brief-history-us-botanic-garden
Activities
The USBG highlights botanical diversity worldwide, as well as the aesthetic, cultural,
ecological, economic, and therapeutic significance of plants. The agency promotes
appreciation of plants and stimulates interest in botany through artistic plant displays,
education programs, exhibits, and curation of a large plant collection. It supports
conservation by serving as a repository for endangered plant species. It also
encourages the exchange of ideas and disseminates mission-relevant information to
national and international visitors and policymakers.
https://www.usbg.gov/about-us
Three USBG sites are open year-round to the public: the Conservatory, the National
Garden, and Bartholdi Park. The production facility is periodically open for public
programs and tours.
https://www.usbg.gov/hours-and-location-0

Sources of Information
America's Agricultural Experience
Based on a meeting that the U.S. Botanic Garden helped to organize of the Nation's
leading agricultural and botanical educators, "Agriculture and the Future of Food: The
Role of Botanic Gardens" presents a series of educational narratives that promote the
reconnection of people and plants through the American agricultural experience. The
document is available on the USBG Web site in Portable Document Format (PDF).
https://www.usbg.gov/sites/default/files/attachments/agriculture_and_the_future_of_food__the_role_of_botanic_gardens.pdf
Calendar of Events
The USBG offers children and family programs, lectures, special tours, and
workshops, as well as free theater, concerts, cooking demonstrations, and more. An
events calendar is posted on the "Programs and Events" page, and a Portable
Document Format (PDF) version is available for downloading.
https://www.usbg.gov/programs-and-events
Career Opportunities
Information on career and volunteer opportunities is available online.
https://www.usbg.gov/opportunities-us-botanic-garden

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=6xqxT43ctWM=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:46 PM]

Exhibits
The USBG creates exhibits that not only delight and educate visitors, but that inspire
them to become more active and better stewards of the plants supporting life on
Earth. It posts Information on current and upcoming exhibits online.
https://www.usbg.gov/exhibits
Factsheets
Gardening factsheets are available on the USBG's Web site.
https://www.usbg.gov/gardening-fact-sheets-0
Kids
The USBG is a child-friendly living plant museum.
https://www.usbg.gov/kids-are-welcome-us-botanic-garden
Land Development and Management
An interdisciplinary partnership led by the USBG, American Society of Landscape
Architects, and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, the Sustainable Sites
Initiative™ improves land development and management practices with a voluntary
rating system for sustainable land design, construction, and maintenance practices.
Architects, designers, developers, engineers, landscape architects, policymakers, and
others use SITES to align land development and management with sustainable
design. SITES supports the creation of ecologically resilient communities, and it
benefits property owners, local and regional communities and their economies, as
well as the environment. Certification covers development projects on land where
buildings are absent or present.
http://www.sustainablesites.org
Landscaping
A collaboration between the USBG and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center,
Landscape For Life™ promotes an approach to landscaping that respects nature.
Irrespective of location—downtown, suburbia, or the farm—every landscape or
garden can protect and even restore the environment, without sacrificing visual
appeal. The Landscape for Life Web site contains a trove of information—getting
started, materials, human health, plants, soil, and water—for transforming an
environmentally ambivalent landscape into a healthy, sustainable one.
http://landscapeforlife.org
Living Collections Database
An online tool is available to search the USBG's living collections database.
https://www.usbg.gov/search-collection
Native Plant Recommendations
The USBG posts lists of selected plants to grow in the garden. The lists are available
in Portable Document Format (PDF) for downloading.
https://www.usbg.gov/national-garden-native-plant-recommendations
Plant Hotline
Questions about a garden plant? Call the Plant Hotline. Phone, 202-226-4785.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=6xqxT43ctWM=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:46 PM]

Pollinators
Learn about the role birds and bees, as well as other creatures like bats, beetles,
butterflies, flies, moths, and even wasps, play in the life cycle of plants.
https://www.usbg.gov/pollinator-information
Production Facility
The production facility opens periodically for public programs and tours. An annual
open house allows visitors to meet the gardeners, ask questions, and explore the
facility.
https://www.usbg.gov/us-botanic-garden-production-facility
Rare and Endangered Plants
USBG experts bank seeds of rare plants, introduce rare plants to the horticultural
trade, maintain live specimens, and study wild plants at risk of endangerment or
extinction. The Web site features a gallery of plants with vulnerable, threatened, and
endangered threat levels.
https://www.usbg.gov/gardens/rare-and-endangered-plants-gallery
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
https://www.usbg.gov/sitemap
Social Media
The USBG has a Facebook account.
https://www.facebook.com/usbotanicgarden
https://www.usbg.gov/contact-us-botanic-garden | Email: usbg@aoc.gov
For further information concerning the United States Botanic Garden, contact the
Public Program Division, 245 First Street SW., Washington, DC 20515. Phone, 202-2258333.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=6xqxT43ctWM=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:46 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

The Supreme Court of the United States

THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
United States Supreme Court Building, One First Street NE., Washington, DC 20543
202-479-3000
http://www.supremecourt.gov
MEMBERS
CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES

John G. Roberts, Jr.

Associate Justice

Clarence Thomas

Associate Justice

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Associate Justice

Stephen G. Breyer

Associate Justice

Samuel A. Alito, Jr.

Associate Justice

Sonia Sotomayor

Associate Justice

Elena Kagan

Associate Justice

Neil M. Gorsuch

Associate Justice

Brett M. Kavanaugh

The above list of Justices was updated 10–2018.

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/biographies.aspx
OFFICERS
COUNSELOR TO THE CHIEF JUSTICE

Jeffrey P. Minear

Clerk

Scott S. Harris

Court Counsel

Ethan V. Torrey

Curator

Catherine E. Fitts

Director of Information Technology

Robert J. Hawkins

Librarian

Linda S. Maslow

Marshal

Pamela Talkin

Public Information Officer

Kathleen L. Arberg

Reporter of Decisions

Christine L. Fallon

The above list of officers was updated 10–2018.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=gUdL/Fb57lg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:50 PM]

Article III, section 1, of the Constitution of the United States provides that "[t]he
judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in
such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish."
The Supreme Court of the United States was created in accordance with this
provision and by authority of the Judiciary Act of September 24, 1789 (1 Stat. 73). It
was organized on February 2, 1790. Article III, section 2, of the Constitution defines
the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court comprises the Chief Justice of the United States and such
number of Associate Justices as may be fixed by Congress, which is currently fixed at
eight (28 U.S.C. 1). The President nominates the Justices with the advice and
consent of the Senate. Article III, section 1, of the Constitution further provides that "
[t]he Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during
good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a
Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office."
In the performance of its functions, the Court is assisted by nine court officers: the
Clerk, the Counselor to the Chief Justice, the Court Counsel, the Curator, the Director
of Information Technology, the Librarian, the Marshal, the Public Information Officer,
and the Reporter of Decisions.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/about.aspx
Appellate Jurisdiction
Various statutes, derived from the authority that the Constitution has given to
Congress, confer appellate jurisdiction upon the Supreme Court. The basic statute
effective at this time in conferring and controlling jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
may be found in 28 U.S.C. 1251, 1253, 1254, 1257-1259, and various special
statutes. Congress has no authority to change the original jurisdiction of this Court.
Court Term
The term of the Court begins on the first Monday in October and lasts until the first
Monday in October of the next year. Over the course of a term, approximately 10,000
petitions are filed for cases to be briefed before the Court. Moreover, each year,
about 1,200 applications that can be acted upon by a single Justice while serving in
the capacity of a Circuit Justice are filed.
http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/procedures.aspx
Rulemaking
From time to time, Congress has conferred upon the Supreme Court power to
prescribe rules of procedure to be followed by the lower courts of the United States.

Sources of Information
Art Collections
The Supreme Court has been acquiring artwork since the 1830s. Today, it continues
to add to its three collections of decorative art, fine art, and graphic art. These
collections include antique furniture, busts, engravings, historic furnishings,
lithographs, miniatures, photographs, and portraits.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/historicCollections.aspx
Audio Recordings of Oral Arguments
Recordings of oral arguments become publicly accessible at the end of each
argument week. A listener has the option to download the audio files or to hear the
arguments on the Supreme Court’s website. Recordings are listed by case name,
docket number, and the date of oral argument.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=gUdL/Fb57lg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:50 PM]

https://www.supremecourt.gov/oral_arguments/argument_audio/2018
Calendars / Lists
Supreme Court calendars and argument calendars, as well as day call and hearing
lists, are posted in Portable Document Format (PDF) for viewing and downloading.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/oral_arguments/calendarsandlists.aspx
Career Opportunities
The Supreme Court posts vacancy announcements online. It also has programs for
docents, fellows, and interns.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/jobs/jobs.aspx
Chief and Associate Justices
A Chief Justices list and Associate Justices list are available on the "Justices 1789 to
Present" web page. The lists include all of the Justices who have served on the
Supreme Court.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members_text.aspx
A timeline of Chief and Associate Justices is also available.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members.aspx
Constitutional Interpretation
See the cornerstone address of Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes: "The Republic
Endures and This Is the Symbol of Its Faith."
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/constitutional.aspx
Docket Search
The online docket database contains information on the status of cases filed since the
beginning of the 2001 Term.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/docket/docket.aspx
The engrossed dockets from 1791 to 1995 have been scanned by the National
Archives from its microfilm collection and are available in its catalog.
https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1524561
Exhibitions
The Office of the Curator creates exhibitions to highlight the work and history of the
Nation's highest court, the lives of individual Justices, and the architecture of the
Supreme Court building. Exhibitions are self-guided and located on the ground floor
of the building.
http://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/exhibition.aspx
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The Supreme Court posts answers to FAQs online.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/faq.aspx
The Public Information Office has answered questions that reporters often ask in its
"Reporter’s Guide to Applications Pending Before The Supreme Court of the United
States."

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=gUdL/Fb57lg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:50 PM]

https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/reportersguide.pdf | Email:
pio@supremecourt.gov
Gift Shop
The Supreme Court Historical Society Gift Shop is accessible online and located on
the ground floor of the Supreme Court building. Merchandise ranges from books,
folders, statues, and woven throws to jewelry, learning games, scarves, ties, and
writing instruments. The shop is open Monday–Friday, from 9 a.m. to 4:25 p.m.,
excluding Federal Holidays. Phone, 888-539-4438.
http://supremecourtgifts.org/ | Email: giftshop@supremecourthistory.org
History
The Supreme Court Historical Society, a private nonprofit organization, collects and
preserves the history of the Supreme Court. Incorporated in the District of Columbia
in 1974, its founder Chief Justice Warren E. Burger served as the first honorary
chairman. The Society is headquartered in the Opperman House in Washington, DC,
where it maintains The Goldman Library. The books housed therein comprise one of
the finest collections of Court histories, Justices' writings, and judicial biographies.
The library also has materials relating to U.S. attorneys general, solicitors, and
Presidents.
http://supremecourthistory.org/index.html
Indigent Petitioners
The “Guide for Filing In Forma Pauperis Cases" assists litigants who may lack the
financial resources to pay the filing fee or to submit booklet-format documents under
Court Rule 33.1.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/guideforIFPcases2017.pdf
Links
The Supreme Court's website has links to other Internet sources of information on the
Federal Government, the Judiciary, and the Supreme Court.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/links/links.aspx
Minutes of the Court
The "Journal of the Supreme Court" contains the official minutes. It reflects the
disposition of each case, identifies the court whose judgment is under review, lists the
cases argued that day and the attorneys who presented oral argument, contains
miscellaneous announcements by the Chief Justice from the bench, and names the
attorneys who have been admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/orders/journal.aspx
Press Releases
Press releases are posted online.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/press/pressreleases.aspx
Search Tips
Use the search tips to refine a search and find more specific results on the Supreme
Court's website.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/search_help.aspx

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=gUdL/Fb57lg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:50 PM]

Site Map
The site map allows visitors to look for specific information or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/sitemap.aspx
Slip Opinions
Slip opinions are posted within minutes after the Justices issue their opinions. They
remain posted until the opinions for the entire term are published in the bound
volumes of the "United States Reports." A slip opinion comprises the majority or
principal opinion, concurring or dissenting opinions, and a prefatory syllabus
summarizing the decision.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/slipopinion/18
Speeches
Speeches of current and former Supreme Court Justices are available online.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/publicinfo/speeches/speeches.aspx
Visiting the Court
The Supreme Court building is open to the public Monday–Friday, from 9:00 a.m. to
4:30 p.m, excluding Federal holidays.
http://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/visiting.aspx
Maps and brochures are available online. The visitors' guide and map are available in
translation: Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/visiting/mapsandbrochures.aspx
http://www.supremecourt.gov/contact/contactus.aspx | Email: pio@supremecourt.gov
For further information concerning the Supreme Court, contact the Public Information
Office, United States Supreme Court Building, One First Street NE., Washington, DC
20543. Phone, 202-479-3211.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=gUdL/Fb57lg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:50 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Lower Courts
United States Courts of Appeals
United States Court of Appeals for the
Federal Circuit
United States District Courts
Territorial Courts
United States Court of International Trade
Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation

SEARCH

LOWER COURTS
Article III of the Constitution declares, in section 1, that the judicial power of the
United States shall be invested in one Supreme Court and in "such inferior Courts as
the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." The Supreme Court has
held that these constitutional courts ". . . share in the exercise of the judicial power
defined in that section, can be invested with no other jurisdiction, and have judges
who hold office during good behavior, with no power in Congress to provide
otherwise."

UNITED STATES COURTS OF APPEALS
The courts of appeals are intermediate appellate courts created by act of
March 3, 1891 (28 U.S.C. ch. 3), to relieve the Supreme Court of considering
all appeals in cases originally decided by the Federal trial courts. They are
empowered to review all final decisions and certain interlocutory decisions (18
U.S.C. 3731; 28 U.S.C. 1291, 1292) of district courts. They also are
empowered to review and enforce orders of many Federal administrative
bodies. The decisions of the courts of appeals are final except as they are
subject to review on writ of certiorari by the Supreme Court.
The United States is divided geographically into 12 judicial circuits, including
the District of Columbia. Each circuit has a court of appeals (28 U.S.C. 41,
1294). Each of the 50 States is assigned to one of the circuits. The territories
and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are assigned variously to the first, third,
and ninth circuits. There is also a Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit,
which has nationwide jurisdiction defined by subject matter. At present each
court of appeals has from 6 to 28 permanent circuit judgeships (179 in all),
depending upon the amount of judicial work in the circuit. Circuit judges hold
their offices during good behavior as provided by Article III, section 1, of the
Constitution. The judge senior in commission who is under 70 years of age (65
at inception of term), has been in office at least 1 year, and has not previously
been chief judge, serves as the chief judge of the circuit for a 7-year term. One
of the Justices of the Supreme Court is assigned as circuit justice for each of
the 13 judicial circuits. Each court of appeals normally hears cases in panels
consisting of three judges but may sit en banc with all judges present.
The judges of each circuit (except the Federal Circuit) by vote determine the
size of the judicial council for the circuit, which consists of the chief judge and
an equal number of circuit and district judges. The council considers the state
of Federal judicial business in the circuit and may "make all necessary and
appropriate orders for [its] effective and expeditious administration . . ." (28

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=384h6UoqM8c=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:53 PM]

U.S.C. 332).
The chief judge of each circuit may summon periodically a judicial conference
of all judges of the circuit, including members of the bar, to discuss the
business of the Federal courts of the circuit (28 U.S.C. 333). The chief judge of
each circuit and a district judge elected from each of the 12 geographical
circuits, together with the chief judge of the Court of International Trade, serve
as members of the Judicial Conference of the United States, over which the
Chief Justice of the United States presides. This is the governing body for the
administration of the Federal judicial system as a whole (28 U.S.C. 331).
To obtain a complete list of judges, court officials, and official stations of the
United States Courts of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, as well as information
on opinions and cases before the court, consult the Judicial Circuit Web sites
listed below.

Circuit

URL

District of Columbia Circuit

http://www.cadc.uscourts.gov

First Circuit

http://www.ca1.uscourts.gov

Second Circuit

http://www.ca2.uscourts.gov

Third Circuit

http://www.ca3.uscourts.gov

Fourth Circuit

http://www.ca4.uscourts.gov

Fifth Circuit

http://www.ca5.uscourts.gov

Sixth Circuit

http://www.ca6.uscourts.gov

Seventh Circuit

http://www.ca7.uscourts.gov

Eighth Circuit

http://www.ca8.uscourts.gov

Ninth Circuit

http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov

Tenth Circuit

http://www.ca10.uscourts.gov

Eleventh Circuit

http://www.ca11.uscourts.gov

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE
FEDERAL CIRCUIT
This court was established under Article III of the Constitution pursuant to the
Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982 (28 U.S.C. 41, 44, 48), as successor
to the former United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the
United States Court of Claims. The jurisdiction of the court is nationwide (as
provided by 28 U.S.C. 1295) and includes appeals from the district courts in
patent cases; appeals from the district courts in contract, and certain other civil
actions in which the United States is a defendant; and appeals from final
decisions of the U.S. Court of International Trade, the U.S. Court of Federal
Claims, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims. The jurisdiction of
the court also includes the review of administrative rulings by the Patent and
Trademark Office, U.S. International Trade Commission, Secretary of
Commerce, agency boards of contract appeals, and the Merit Systems
Protection Board, as well as rulemaking of the Department of Veterans Affairs;
review of decisions of the U.S. Senate Committee on Ethics concerning
discrimination claims of Senate employees; and review of a final order of an
entity to be designated by the President concerning discrimination claims of
Presidential appointees.
The court consists of 12 circuit judges. It sits in panels of three or more on

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=384h6UoqM8c=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:53 PM]

each case and may also hear or rehear a case en banc. The court sits
principally in Washington, DC, and may hold court wherever any court of
appeals sits (28 U.S.C. 48).
http://www.cafc.uscourts.gov

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS
The Nation's district courts are the trial courts of general Federal jurisdiction.
These courts resolve disputes by determining the facts and applying legal
principles to decide which party is right. Each State has at least one district
court, and large States have as many as four. There are 89 district courts in
the 50 States, plus one in the District of Columbia and another in the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Three other U.S. Territories also have courts
that hear Federal cases: Guam and the Northern Mariana and Virgin Islands.
At present, each district court has from 2 to 28 Federal district judgeships,
depending upon the amount of judicial work within its territory. Only one judge
is usually required to hear and decide a case in a district court, but in some
limited cases it is required that three judges be called together to comprise the
court (28 U.S.C. 2284). The judge senior in commission who is under 70 years
of age (65 at inception of term), has been in office for at least 1 year, and has
not previously been chief judge, serves as chief judge for a 7-year term. There
are 645 permanent district judgeships in the 50 States and 15 in the District of
Columbia. There are seven district judgeships in Puerto Rico. District judges
hold their offices during good behavior as provided by Article III, section 1, of
the Constitution. However, Congress may temporary judgeships for a court
with the provision that when a future vacancy occurs in that district, such
vacancy shall not be filled. Each district court has one or more United States
magistrate judges and bankruptcy judges, a clerk, a United States attorney, a
United States marshal, probation officers, court reporters, and their staffs. The
jurisdiction of the district courts is set forth in title 28, chapter 85, of the United
States Code and at 18 U.S.C. 3231.
Cases from the district courts are reviewable on appeal by the applicable court
of appeals.
http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/court-role-and-structure

TERRITORIAL COURTS
Pursuant to its authority to govern the Territories (Art. IV, sec. 3, clause 2, of
the Constitution), Congress has established district courts in the territories of
Guam and the Virgin Islands. The District Court of the Canal Zone was
abolished on April 1, 1982, pursuant to the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22
U.S.C. 3601 note). Congress has also established a district court in the
Northern Mariana Islands, which is administered by the United States under a
trusteeship agreement with the United Nations. These Territorial courts have
jurisdiction not only over the subjects described in the judicial article of the
Constitution, but also over many local matters that, within the States, are
decided in State courts. The District Court of Puerto Rico, by contrast, is
established under Article III, is classified like other "district courts," and is
called a "court of the United States" (28 U.S.C. 451). There is one judge each
in Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, and two in the Virgin Islands. The
judges in these courts are appointed for terms of 10 years.
http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/court-role-and-structure

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=384h6UoqM8c=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:53 PM]

For further information concerning the lower courts, contact the Administrative
Office of the United States Courts, Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary
Building, One Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC 20544. Phone, 202-5022600.

UNITED STATES COURT OF INTERNATIONAL
TRADE
This court was originally established as the Board of United States General
Appraisers by act of June 10, 1890, which conferred upon it jurisdiction
theretofore held by the district and circuit courts in actions arising under the
tariff acts (19 U.S.C. ch. 4). The act of May 28, 1926 (19 U.S.C. 405a), created
the United States Customs Court to supersede the Board; by acts of August 7,
1939, and June 25, 1948 (28 U.S.C. 1582, 1583), the court was integrated into
the United States court structure, organization, and procedure. The act of July
14, 1956 (28 U.S.C. 251), established the court as a court of record of the
United States under Article III of the Constitution. The Customs Court Act of
1980 (28 U.S.C. 251) constituted the court as the United States Court of
International Trade.
The Court of International Trade has jurisdiction over any civil action against
the United States arising from Federal laws governing import transactions.
This includes classification and valuation cases, as well as authority to review
certain agency determinations under the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19
U.S.C. 2501) involving antidumping and countervailing duty matters. In
addition, it has exclusive jurisdiction of civil actions to review determinations as
to the eligibility of workers, firms, and communities for adjustment assistance
under the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2101). Civil actions commenced by the
United States to recover customs duties, to recover on a customs bond, or for
certain civil penalties alleging fraud or negligence are also within the exclusive
jurisdiction of the court.
The court is composed of a chief judge and eight judges, not more than five of
whom may belong to any one political party. Any of its judges may be
temporarily designated and assigned by the Chief Justice of the United States
to sit as a court of appeals or district court judge in any circuit or district. The
court has a clerk and deputy clerks, a librarian, court reporters, and other
supporting personnel. Cases before the court may be tried before a jury. Under
the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982 (28 U.S.C. 1295), appeals are
taken to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and ultimately
review may be sought in appropriate cases in the Supreme Court of the United
States.
The principal offices are located in New York, NY, but the court is empowered
to hear and determine cases arising at any port or place within the jurisdiction
of the United States.
http://www.cit.uscourts.gov
For further information, contact the Clerk, United States Court of International
Trade, One Federal Plaza, New York, NY 10278-0001. Phone, 212-264-2814.

JUDICIAL PANEL ON MULTIDISTRICT LITIGATION
The Panel, created by act of April 29, 1968 (28 U.S.C. 1407), and consisting of
seven Federal judges designated by the Chief Justice from the courts of
appeals and district courts, is authorized to temporarily transfer to a single
district, for coordinated or consolidated pretrial proceedings, civil actions

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=384h6UoqM8c=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:53 PM]

pending in different districts that involve one or more common questions of
fact.
http://www.jpml.uscourts.gov
For further information, contact the Clerk, Judicial Panel on Multidistrict
Litigation, Room G–255, Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, One
Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC 20002-8041. Phone, 202-502-2800.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=384h6UoqM8c=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:40:53 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Special Courts
United States Court of Appeals for the
Armed Forces
United States Court of Appeals for
Veterans Claims
United States Court of Federal Claims
United States Tax Court

SEARCH

SPECIAL COURTS
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE
ARMED FORCES
450 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20442-0001
202-761-1448
202-761-4672
http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov
This court was established under Article I of the Constitution of the United
States pursuant to act of May 5, 1950, as amended (10 U.S.C. 867). Subject
only to certiorari review by the Supreme Court of the United States in a limited
number of cases, the court serves as the final appellate tribunal to review
court-martial convictions of all the Armed Forces. It is exclusively an appellate
criminal court, consisting of five civilian judges who are appointed for 15-year
terms by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.
The court is called upon to exercise jurisdiction to review the record in all
cases extending to death; certified to the court by a Judge Advocate General
of one of the Armed Forces; or petitioned by accused who have received a
sentence of confinement for 1 year or more and/or a punitive discharge.
The court also exercises authority under the All Writs Act (28 U.S.C. 1651(a)).
In addition, the judges of the court are required by law to work jointly with the
senior uniformed lawyer from each of the Armed Forces and two members of
the public appointed by the Secretary of Defense to make an annual
comprehensive survey, to report annually to the Congress on the operation
and progress of the military justice system under the Uniform Code of Military
Justice, and to recommend improvements wherever necessary.

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
Job openings and available clerkships are posted online.
http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/newcaaf/employment.htm
http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/newcaaf/contact.htm
For further information, contact the Clerk, United States Court of Appeals for
the Armed Forces, 450 E Street NW., Washington, DC 20442-0001. Phone, 202761-1448. Fax, 202-761-4672.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=XKTluGOOQZw=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:30 PM]

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
VETERANS CLAIMS
Suite 900, 625 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20004-2950
202-501-5970
202-501-5848
http://www.uscourts.cavc.gov
The United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims, a court of record
under Article I of the Constitution, was established on November 18, 1988 (38
U.S.C. 7251) and given exclusive jurisdiction to review decisions of the Board
of Veterans' Appeals. Appeals concern veteran disability benefits, dependent
educational assistance, survivor benefits, and pension benefits claims. In
addition to its review authority, the Court has contempt authority, as well as the
authority to compel action by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the authority to
grant a petition for extraordinary relief under the All Writs Act (28 U.S.C. 1651),
and the authority to make attorney fee determinations under the Equal Access
to Justice Act (28 U.S.C. 2412). Decisions of the Court of Appeals for Veterans
Claims are subject to review by the United States Court of Appeals for the
Federal Circuit on questions of law and on writ of certiorari by the United
States Supreme Court.
The Court consists of nine judges whom the President appoints with the advice
and consent of the Senate for 15-year terms. One of the judges serves as
chief judge.
The Chief Judge generally conducts a judicial conference every 2 years. The
primary purpose of the conference, which involves the active participation of
members of the legal community, attorneys, and practitioners admitted to
practice before the Court, is to consider the business of the Court and to
recommend means of improving the administration of justice within the Court's
jurisdiction.
The Court is located in Washington, DC, but it is a court of national jurisdiction
and may sit at any location within the United States.
Opinions issued by the Court, case information, and a current list of judges
and officials of the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims are
available online.

Sources of Information
Employment
Job opportunities are posted online.
http://www.uscourts.cavc.gov/employment.php
http://www.uscourts.cavc.gov/contact.php
For further information, contact the Clerk, United States Court of Appeals for
Veterans Claims, Suite 900, 625 Indiana Avenue NW., Washington, DC 200042950. Phone, 202-501-5970. Fax, 202-501-5848

UNITED STATES COURT OF FEDERAL CLAIMS
717 Madison Place NW., Washington, DC 20439
202-357-6400
http://www.uscfc.uscourts.gov

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=XKTluGOOQZw=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:30 PM]

The United States Court of Federal Claims has jurisdiction over claims seeking
money judgments against the United States. A claim must be founded upon
the Constitution, an act of Congress, an Executive order, a contract with the
United States, or Federal regulations. Judges are appointed by the President
for 15-year terms, subject to Senate confirmation. Appeals are to the U.S.
Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
Information on job opportunities and internships is available online.
http://www.uscfc.uscourts.gov/job-opportunitiesemployment
http://www.uscfc.uscourts.gov/court-directory
For further information, contact the Clerk's Office, United States Court of
Federal Claims, 717 Madison Place NW., Washington, DC 20439. Phone, 202357-6400.

UNITED STATES TAX COURT
400 Second Street NW., Washington, DC 20217-0002
202-521-0700
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov
The United States Tax Court is a court of record under Article I of the
Constitution of the United States (26 U.S.C. 7441). The court was created as
the United States Board of Tax Appeals by the Revenue Act of 1924 (43 Stat.
336). The name was changed to the Tax Court of the United States by the
Revenue Act of 1942 (56 Stat. 957). The Tax Reform Act of 1969 (83 Stat.
730) established the court under Article I and then changed its name to the
United States Tax Court.
The court comprises 19 judges who are appointed by the President to 15-year
terms and subject to Senate confirmation. The court also has varying numbers
of both senior judges (who may be recalled by the chief judge to perform
further judicial duties) and special trial judges (who are appointed by the chief
judge and may hear and decide a variety of cases). The court's jurisdiction is
set forth in various sections of title 26 of the U.S. Code.
The offices of the court and its judges are in Washington, DC. However, the
court has national jurisdiction and schedules trial sessions in more than 70
cities in the United States. Each trial session is conducted by one judge, senior
judge, or special trial judge. Court proceedings are open to the public and are
conducted in accordance with the court's rules of practice and procedure and
the rules of evidence applicable in trials without a jury in the U.S. District Court
for the District of Columbia. A fee of $60 is charged for the filing of a petition.
Practice before the court is limited to practitioners admitted under the court's
rules of practice and procedure.
Decisions entered by the court, other than decisions in small tax cases, may
be appealed to the regional courts of appeals and, thereafter, upon the
granting of a writ of certiorari, to the Supreme Court of the United States. At
the option of petitioners, simplified procedures may be used in small tax cases.
Small tax cases are final and not subject to review by any court.
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/about.htm

Sources of Information
https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=XKTluGOOQZw=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:30 PM]

Career Opportunities
Vacancy announcements and information on the court's law clerk program are
available online.
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/employment.htm
Forms
Applications, certificates, notices, and other forms can be completed online
and then printed.
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/forms.htm
Taxpayer Information
An online guide provides information—not legal advice—that may be helpful
for those representing themselves before the Tax Court. It answers frequent
questions that taxpayers ask and explains the process of filing a petition to
begin a Tax Court case and things that occur before, during, and after trial. It
also features a glossary.
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/taxpayer_info_intro.htm | Email: info@ustaxcourt.gov
http://www.ustaxcourt.gov/phone.htm
For further information, contact the Office of the Clerk of the Court, United
States Tax Court, 400 Second Street NW., Washington, DC 20217-0002. Phone,
202-521-0700.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/...ency.aspx?EntityId=XKTluGOOQZw=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:30 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Administrative Office of the United States
Courts

SEARCH

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES
COURTS
One Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC 20544
202-502-2600
http://www.uscourts.gov
DIRECTOR

James C. Duff

Deputy Director

Lee Ann Bennett

ASSOCIATE DIRECTORS
Department of Administrative Services

James R. Baugher

Department of Program Services

Laura C. Minor

Department of Technology Services

Joseph R. Peters, Jr.

General Counsel

Sheryl L. Walter

Judicial Conference Secretariat Officer

Katherine H. Simon

Legislative Affairs Officer

Cordia A. Strom

Public Affairs Officer

David A. Sellers

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts supports and serves the
nonjudicial, administrative business of the United States Courts.
Organizational Chart
The Administrative Office of the United States Courts was created by act of August 7,
1939 (28 U.S.C. 601). It was established on November 6, 1939. The Chief Justice of
the United States, after consultation with the Judicial Conference, appoints the
Director and Deputy Director of the Administrative Office.
Administering the Courts
The Director is the administrative officer of the courts of the United States—except of
the Supreme Court. Under the guidance of the Judicial Conference of the United
States, the Director supervises all administrative matters relating to the offices of
clerks and other clerical and administrative personnel of the courts; examines the
state of the dockets of the courts, secures information as to the courts' need of
assistance, and prepares statistical data and reports each quarter and transmits them
to the chief judges of the circuits; submits an activities report of the Administrative
Office and the courts' state of business to the annual meeting of the Judicial
Conference of the United States; fixes the compensation of court employees whose
compensation is not otherwise fixed by law; regulates and pays annuities to widows
and surviving dependent children of judges; disburses moneys appropriated for the

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=nbKrEPzeztc=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:48 PM]

maintenance and operation of the courts; examines accounts of court officers;
regulates travel of judicial personnel; provides accommodations and supplies for the
courts and their clerical and administrative personnel; establishes and maintains
programs for the certification and utilization of court interpreters and the provision of
special interpretation services in the courts; and performs such other duties as may
be assigned by the Supreme Court or the Judicial Conference of the United States.
The Director also prepares and submits the budget of the courts, which the Office of
Management and Budget transmits to Congress without change.
http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/judicial-administration
Probation Officers
The Administrative Office exercises general supervision of the accounts and practices
of the Federal probation offices, which are subject to primary control by the respective
district courts that they serve. The Administrative Office publishes, in cooperation with
the Department of Justice's Bureau of Prisons, the "Federal Probation Journal." This
online, quarterly publication presents current thought, research, and practice in
corrections, community supervision, and criminal justice.
In accordance with the Pretrial Services Act of 1982 (18 U.S.C. 3152), the Director
establishes pretrial services in the district courts. The offices of these district courts
report information on pretrial release of persons charged with Federal offenses and
supervise such persons who are released to their custody.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/probation-and-pretrial-services
Bankruptcy
According to the Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act of 1984 (28
U.S.C. 151), the bankruptcy judges for each judicial district constitute a unit of the
district court known as the bankruptcy court. The courts of appeals appoint
bankruptcy judges in such numbers as authorized by Congress. These judges serve
for a term of 14 years as judicial officers of the district courts.
This act placed jurisdiction in the district courts over all cases under title 11, United
States Code, and all proceedings arising in or related to cases under that title (28
U.S.C. 1334). The district court may refer such cases and proceedings to its
bankruptcy judges (as authorized by 28 U.S.C. 157).
The Director of the Administrative Office recommends to the Judicial Conference the
duty stations of bankruptcy judges and the places they hold court, surveys the need
for additional bankruptcy judgeships to be recommended to Congress, and
determines the staff needs of bankruptcy judges and the clerks of the bankruptcy
courts.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy
Federal Magistrate Judges
The Director of the Administrative Office exercises general supervision over
administrative matters in offices of U.S. magistrate judges, compiles and evaluates
statistical data relating to such offices, and submits reports thereon to the Judicial
Conference. The Director reports annually to Congress on the business that has
come before U.S. magistrate judges and also prepares legal and administrative
manuals for the magistrate judges. In compliance with the act, the Administrative
Office conducts surveys of the conditions in the judicial districts to make
recommendations as to the number, location, and salaries of magistrate judges. The
Judicial Conference then determines their number, location, and salaries, subject to
the availability of appropriated funds.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=nbKrEPzeztc=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:48 PM]

Federal Defenders
The Criminal Justice Act (18 U.S.C. 3006A) establishes the procedure for the
appointment of private panel attorneys in Federal criminal cases for individuals who
are unable to afford adequate representation, under plans adopted by each district
court. The act also permits the establishment of Federal public defender or Federal
community defender organizations by the district courts in districts where at least 200
persons annually require the appointment of counsel. Two adjacent districts may be
combined to reach this total.
Each defender organization submits to the Director of the Administrative Office an
annual report of its activities along with a proposed budget or, in the case of
community defender organizations, a proposed grant for the coming year. The
Director is responsible for the submission of the proposed budgets and grants to the
Judicial Conference for approval. The Director also makes payments to the defender
organizations out of appropriations in accordance with the approved budgets and
grants, as well as compensating private counsel appointed to defend criminal cases
in the United States courts.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/defender-services

Sources of Information
Budget, Accounting, and Procurement
Phone, 202-502-2000.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/business-opportunities
Court Services
Phone, 202-502-1500.

Defender Services
Phone, 202-502-3030.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/defender-services
Educational Resources
Learning resources for students are available online.
http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources
Electronic Filing
Attorneys and others may submit files online using the Federal courts' Case
Management and Electronic Case Files system.
http://www.uscourts.gov/courtrecords/electronic-filing-cmecf
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Answers to FAQs on the Federal Judiciary are available online.
http://www.uscourts.gov/frequently-asked-questions-faqs
General Counsel
Phone, 202-502-1100.

Glossary
A glossary of legal terms is available online.
http://www.uscourts.gov/glossary

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=nbKrEPzeztc=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:48 PM]

Human Resources
Phone, 202-502-3100.

Judicial Conference Executive Secretariat
Phone, 202-502-2400.
http://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/governance-judicial-conference/aboutjudicial-conference
Judicial Services
Phone, 202-502-1800.

Judiciary Reporting and Analysis
Phone, 202-502-1440.

Legislative Affairs
Phone, 202-502-1700.

Probation and Pretrial Services
Phone, 202-502-1600.
http://www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/probation-and-pretrial-services
Public Affairs
Phone, 202-502-2600.

Publications
The Federal judiciary and Administrative Office produce publications for the
Congress, the public, and others to educate and inform about the work of the courts.
http://www.uscourts.gov/statistics-reports/publications
Statistical Data
Statistical data on the business of the Federal Judiciary are available online.
http://www.uscourts.gov/statistics-reports/caseload-statistics-data-tables
http://www.uscourts.gov/contact-us
For further information, contact the Administrative Office of the United States Courts,
Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, One Columbus Circle NE., Washington,
DC 20544. Phone, 202-502-2600.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=nbKrEPzeztc=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:48 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

Federal Judicial Center

FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER
Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building, One Columbus Circle NE.,
Washington, DC 20002-8003
202-502-4000
http://www.fjc.gov
DIRECTOR

Jeremy D. Fogel

Deputy Director

John S. Cooke

Director, Editorial and Information Services
Office

John S. Cooke

Director, Education Division

Dana K. Chipman

Director, Federal Judicial History Office

Clara Altman

Director, Information Technology Office

Esther DeVries

Director, International Judicial Relations Office

Mira Gur-Arie

Director, Office of Administration

Nancy Payne

Director, Research Division

James B. Eaglin

The Federal Judicial Center is the judicial branch's agency for policy research and
continuing education.
The Federal Judicial Center was created by act of December 20, 1967 (28 U.S.C.
620), to further the development and adoption of improved judicial administration in
the courts of the United States.
The Center's basic policies and activities are determined by its Board, which is
composed of the Chief Justice of the United States, who is permanent Chair of the
Board by statute, and two judges of the U.S. courts of appeals, three judges of the
U.S. district courts, one bankruptcy judge, and one magistrate judge, all of whom are
elected for 4-year terms by the Judicial Conference of the United States. The Director
of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts is also a permanent member
of the Board.
The organization of the Center reflects its primary statutory mandates. The Education
Division plans education and produces training—including curriculum packages for indistrict training, in-person programs, publications, video programs, and web-based
programs and resources—for judges and court staff. The Research Division
examines and evaluates current and alternative Federal court practices and policies.
Its research assists Judicial Conference committees in developing policy
recommendations. The research also contributes substantially to the Center's
educational programs. The Federal Judicial History Office helps courts and others

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=lXrsXUrhnFQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:51 PM]

study and preserve Federal judicial history. The International Judicial Relations Office
provides information to judicial and legal officials from foreign countries and informs
Federal judicial personnel of developments in international law and other court
systems that may affect their work. Two units of the Director's Office—the Information
Technology Office and the Editorial and Information Services Office—support the
agency's mission through editorial and design assistance, organization and
dissemination of Center resources, and technology.

Sources of Information
Annual Reports
Annual Reports, from 1969 to the present, are available to download as Portable
Document Format (PDF) files.
https://www.fjc.gov/content/annual-reports
Educational Materials
Materials that the Center produces as part of its educational programs for judges and
court employees are accessible online.
https://www.fjc.gov/education
Career Opportunities
The Center posts job openings online. Contact the Human Resources Office for more
information. Phone, 202-502-4165.
https://www.fjc.gov/about/job-vacancies
History
Questions about the history of the Federal judiciary? Submit them to the experts at
the Federal Judicial History Office. Phone, 202-502-4180. Fax, 202-502-4077.
https://www.fjc.gov/history | Email: history@fjc.gov
Nearly 600 images of historic Federal courthouses and other buildings that have
served as the meeting places of Federal courts are available online.
https://www.fjc.gov/history/courthouses
Publications
Single copies of most Federal Judicial Center publications that are printed in hard
copy are available free of charge. Phone, 202-502-4153. Fax, 202-502-4077.
https://www.fjc.gov/publications
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
https://www.fjc.gov/sitemap
Teaching Resources
Teaching and civic outreach resources are available online.
https://www.fjc.gov/education/civic-education-about-courts
Visiting Foreign Judicial Fellows
Foreign judges, court officials, and scholars may apply for the opportunity to conduct
research at the Center on topics concerning the administration of justice in the United

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=lXrsXUrhnFQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:51 PM]

States.
https://www.fjc.gov/content/visiting-foreign-judicial-fellows-program
http://www.fjc.gov/public/home.nsf
For further information, contact the Federal Judicial Center, Thurgood Marshall Federal
Judiciary Building, One Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC 20002-8003. Phone, 202502-4000.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=lXrsXUrhnFQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:51 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

United States Sentencing Commission

UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION
Suite 2-500, One Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC 20002-8002
202-502-4500
http://www.ussc.gov
CHAIR

William H. Pryor, Jr., Acting

Vice Chair

(vacancy)

Vice Chair

(vacancy)

Vice Chair

(vacancy)

Commissioner

Charles R. Breyer

Commissioner

Rachel E. Barkow

Commissioner

Danny C. Reeves

Commissioner

Wiiliam H. Pryor, Jr.

Commissioner (ex officio)

Jonathan Wroblewski

Commissioner (ex officio)

J. Patricia Wilson Smoot

Staff Director

Kenneth P. Cohen

Director, Office of Administration and Planning

Susan M. Brazel

Director, Office of Education and Sentencing
Practice

Raquel Wilson

Director, Office of Legislative and Public Affairs Christine M. Leonard
Director, Office of Research and Data

Glenn R. Schmitt

General Counsel

Kathleen C. Grilli

The United States Sentencing Commission develops sentencing guidelines and
policies for the Federal court system.
Organizational Chart
The United States Sentencing Commission was established as an independent
agency in the judicial branch of the Federal Government by the Sentencing Reform
Act of 1984 (28 U.S.C. 991 et seq. and 18 U.S.C. 3551 et seq.). The Commission
establishes sentencing guidelines and policies for the Federal courts, advising them
of the appropriate form and severity of punishment for offenders convicted of Federal
crimes.
The Commission comprises seven voting members and two nonvoting members. The

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=xJn3mOk1EXQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:54 PM]

President appoints the voting members with the advice and consent of the Senate for
6-year terms. The President also appoints one of the voting members as the Chair
and designates three others as Vice Chairs.
The Commission evaluates the effects of the sentencing guidelines on the criminal
justice system, advises Congress on the modification or enactment of statutes
pertaining to criminal law and sentencing matters, establishes a research and
development program on sentencing issues, and performs other related duties.
In executing its duties, the Commission promulgates and distributes to Federal courts
and to the U.S. probation system guidelines for determining sentences to be imposed
in criminal cases, general policy statements regarding the application of guidelines,
and policy statements on the appropriate use of probation and supervised release
revocation provisions. These sentencing guidelines and policy statements are
intended to support the principles of just punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and
rehabilitation; provide fairness in meeting the purposes of sentencing; avoid
unwarranted disparity; and reflect advancement in the knowledge of human behavior
as it relates to the criminal justice process.
The Commission also provides training, conducts research on sentencing-related
issues, and serves as an information resource for Congress, criminal justice
practitioners, and the public.
http://www.ussc.gov/about

Sources of Information
Education
The Commission offers courses that fulfill continuing legal education requirements in
several jurisdictions.
http://www.ussc.gov/education/training-resources/continuing-legal-education
Career Opportunities
The Commission posts job announcements on its Web site.
http://www.ussc.gov/employment
Guidelines Manual
The current "USSC Guidelines Manual" is available in Portable Document Format on
the Commission's Web site. An electronic archive of the yearly manual starts with the
year 1987.
http://www.ussc.gov/guidelines/2015-guidelines-manual/archive
Helpline
Attorneys, judges, and probation officers who have questions may call the
Commission's helpline for assistance. The helpline also handles data requests. Its
hours of operations are 8:30 a.m.–5 p.m., eastern standard time, Monday–Friday,
excluding Federal holidays. Phone, 202-502-4545.

News
Press releases are available on the Commission's Web site.
http://www.ussc.gov/about/news/press-releases
The Commission also posts amicus curiae briefs, reports, speeches, statements, and
testimonies online.
http://www.ussc.gov/about/news/testimony-speeches/speeches-and-submissions

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=xJn3mOk1EXQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:54 PM]

Publications
A topical index of publications is available online.
http://www.ussc.gov/research/topical-index-publications
Reports
The Commission posts reports to the Congress on its Web site.
http://www.ussc.gov/research/reports-congress
Annual overviews of Federal criminal cases are available online.
http://www.ussc.gov/topic/year-review
The Office of Research and Data publishes periodic reports on Federal sentencing
practices. The reports include information on the types of crimes committed,
offenders who commit those crimes, the punishments imposed, and the manner in
which the sentencing guidelines were applied.
http://www.ussc.gov/topic/data-reports
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
http://www.ussc.gov/sitemap
Updates
An online subscription form is available to sign up for regular email updates from the
USSC.
http://www.ussc.gov/sign-regular-updates
http://www.ussc.gov | Email: pubaffairs@ussc.gov
For further information, contact the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs, U.S.
Sentencing Commission, Suite 2–500, One Columbus Circle NE., Washington, DC
20002-8002. Phone, 202-502-4500.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=xJn3mOk1EXQ=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:54 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

The President

THE PRESIDENT
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Donald J. Trump

Article II, section 1, of the Constitution provides that "[t]he executive Power shall be
vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during
the Term of four Years, . . . together with the Vice President, chosen for the same
Term . . . ." In addition to the powers set forth in the Constitution, the statutes have
conferred upon the President specific authority and responsibility covering a wide
range of matters (United States Code Index).
The President is the administrative head of the executive branch of the Government,
which includes numerous agencies, both temporary and permanent, as well as the 15
executive departments.
The Cabinet
The Cabinet, a creation of custom and tradition dating back to George Washington's
administration, functions at the pleasure of the President. Its purpose is to advise the
President upon any subject, relating to the duties of the respective offices, on which
he requests information (pursuant to Article II, section 2, of the Constitution).
The Cabinet is composed of the Vice President and the heads of the 15 executive
departments--the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy,
Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development,
Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, and the
Attorney General. Additionally, in the Obama administration, Cabinet-level rank has
been accorded to the Chief of Staff to the President; the Administrator, Environmental
Protection Agency; the Chair, Council of Economic Advisers; the Director, Office of
Management and Budget; the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations;
and the U.S. Trade Representative.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=cQcWzO1Ue2M=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:41:58 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

SEARCH

The Vice President

THE VICE PRESIDENT
THE VICE PRESIDENT

Michael R. Pence

Article II, section 1, of the Constitution provides that the President "shall hold his
Office during the Term of four Years, . . . together with the Vice President . . . .'' In
addition to his role as President of the Senate, the Vice President is empowered to
succeed to the Presidency, pursuant to Article II and the 20th and 25th amendments
to the Constitution.
The executive functions of the Vice President include participation in Cabinet
meetings and, by statute, membership on the National Security Council and the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=uB3vvRbJNMM=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:01 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

The Executive Office of the President
White House Office
Office of the Vice President
Council of Economic Advisers
Council on Environmental Quality
National Security Council
Office of Administration
Office of Management and Budget
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Office of Policy Development
Domestic Policy Council
National Economic Council
Office of Science and Technology Policy
Office of the United States Trade
Representative

SEARCH

THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
Under authority of the Reorganization Act of 1939 (5 U.S.C. 133-133r, 133t note),
various agencies were transferred to the Executive Office of the President by the
President's Reorganization Plans I and II of 1939 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 1,
1939. Executive Order 8248 of September 8, 1939, established the divisions of the
Executive Office and defined their functions. Subsequently, Presidents have used
Executive orders, reorganization plans, and legislative initiatives to reorganize the
Executive Office to make its composition compatible with the goals of their
administrations.

WHITE HOUSE OFFICE
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20500
202-456-1414
http://www.whitehouse.gov
ASSISTANTS TO THE PRESIDENT
CHIEF OF STAFF

Gen. John F. Kelly, USMC (retired)

Chief of Staff to the First Lady

Lindsay Reynolds

Counsel to the President

Donald F. McGahn II

Deputy Chief of Staff for Implementation

Rick Dearborn

Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations

Joe Hagin

Deputy National Security Adviser

Maj. Gen. Ricky Waddell, USA (retired)

Director of the White House Military Office

(vacancy)

Director of Communications

Hope C. Hicks

Director of Presidential Personnel

John DeStefano

Director of Scheduling and Advance

(vacancy)

National Security Adviser

Lt. General H.R. McMasters, USA

Press Secretary

Sarah H. Sanders

Assistant to the President for Homeland
Security and Counterterrorism
Counselor to the President

Thomas Bossert

Kellyanne Conway

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

SENIOR ADVISORS
Assistant to the President for Climate,
Conservation and Energy Policy

Brian C. Deese

Assistant to the President for
Intergovernmental Affairs and Public

Valerie B. Jarrett

Engagement
Assistant to the President for Strategy and
Communications

Shailagh Murray

The above list of key personnel was updated 10–2017.

The White House Office serves the President in the performance of the many
detailed activities incident to his immediate office.
The President's staff facilitates and maintains communication with the
Congress, the heads of executive agencies, the press and other information
media, and the general public. The various Assistants to the President aid the
President in such matters as he may direct.

OFFICE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT
Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20501
202-456-7549
https://https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/vice-president-biden
CHIEF OF STAFF TO THE VICE
PRESIDENT

Nick Ayers

Chief of Staff to Karen Pence

Kristan King Nevins

Special Assistant to the Vice President

Zach Bauer

Counsel / Assistant to the Vice President

Mark Paoletta

Deputy Chief of Staff to Karen Pence /
Special Assistant to the President

Anthony Bernal

DIRECTORS
Administration / Deputy Assistant to the
Vice President
Advance / Deputy Assistant to the Vice
President
Communications
Public Engagement and Intergovernmental
Affairs / Special Assistant to the President
Legislative Affairs / Assistant to the Vice
President
Scheduling / Deputy Assistant to the Vice
President
Speechwriting / Special Assistant to the
President

Mike Boisvenue
Robert Peede
Jared Agen
Andeliz Castillo
Jonathan Hilar
Megan Patenaude
Stephen Ford

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

National Security Advisor

Andrea Thompson

The Office of the Vice President serves the Vice President in the performance
of the many activities incident to his immediate office.

COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS
Seventeenth and Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20502
202-456-4779
http://www.whitehouse.gov/cea
CHAIRMAN

Kevin A. Hassett

Member

Tomas J. Philipson

Member

Richard V. Burkhauser

The Council of Economic Advisers analyzes and appraises the national
economy to make policy recommendations to the President.
The Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) was established in the Executive
Office of the President by the Employment Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1023). It
now functions under that statute and Reorganization Plan No. 9 of 1953 (5
U.S.C. app.), effective August 1, 1953.
The Chair and the two members govern the Council. The President appoints
the Chair, whom the Senate must confirm, and the two members.
The Council analyzes the national economy and its various segments; advises
the President on economic developments; appraises the economic programs
and policies of the Federal Government; recommends policies for economic
growth and stability to the President; assists in the preparation of the
President's economic reports to the Congress; and prepares the Annual
Report of the Council of Economic Advisers.

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
To learn about career opportunities, visit the "Jobs and Internships" Web page.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/jobs
History
Photographs and brief professional bios of former Council Chairs, beginning
with Edwin G. Nourse, who served as the Chair from 1946 to 1949, are
available online.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/about/former-chairs
Brief professional bios of former Council members, beginning with John D.
Clark, who served as a member from 1946 to 1950 and then as the Vice Chair,
are available online.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/about/Former-Members
Publications
Reports and briefs are available in Portable Document Format (PDF) on the

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Council's Web site.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/factsheets-reports
A monthly publication prepared by the Council for the Joint Economic
Committee, "Economic Indicators" provides Congress and the public with
information on business activity; credit, money, and prices; Federal finance;
gross domestic product; employment, income, and production; international
statistics; and security markets.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/economic-indicators
A yearly report written by the Council's Chair, the "Economic Report of the
President" presents the administration's domestic and international economic
policies. The report surveys the Nation's economic progress with text and data
appendices. The full report and individual chapters are accessible in Portable
Document Format (PDF) for download on the Council's Web site. Statistical
tables are also available for download in Portable Document and Excel
formats.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/economic-report-of-thePresident
Speeches / Testimony
The Council posts Op-Ed pieces, prepared testimonies for congressional
hearings, and speeches on its Web site.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea/speeches-testimony
http://www.whitehouse.gov/cea
For further information, contact the Council of Economic Advisers, Seventeenth
and Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20502. Phone, 202-456-4779.

COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
722 Jackson Place NW., Washington, DC 20503
202-395-5750
202-456-6224
202-456-2710
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq
CHAIR

(vacancy)

Chief of Staff

Christopher Adamo

ASSOCIATE DIRECTORS
Climate Preparedness

Jainey Bavishi

Communications

Noreen Nielson

Conservation and Wildlife

Timothy Male

Energy and Climate Change

Richard Duke

Lands and Water Ecosystems

Michael Degnan

Legislative Affairs

Stephenne Harding

NEPA Oversight

Edward Boling

Ocean and Coastal Policy

Whitley Saumweber

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Deputy Associate Director, Public
Engagement and Communications

Mark Antoniewicz

General Counsel

Brenda Mallory

Managing Director

Christina Goldfuss

The Council on Environmental Quality formulates and recommends national
policies and initiatives for improving the environment.
The Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) was established within the
Executive Office of the President by the National Environmental Policy Act of
1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The Environmental Quality
Improvement Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4371 et seq.) established the Office of
Environmental Quality (OEQ) to provide professional and administrative
support for the Council. The CEQ and OEQ are referred to, collectively, as the
Council on Environmental Quality. The CEQ Chair, whom the President
appoints and the Senate confirms, serves as Director of the OEQ.
The Council develops policies that bring together the Nation's economic,
social, and environmental priorities to improve Federal decisionmaking. As
required by NEPA, the CEQ also evaluates, coordinates, and mediates
Federal activities. It advises and assists the President on both national and
international environmental policy matters. It oversees Federal agency and
departmental implementation of NEPA.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/initiatives

Sources of Information
Blog
The CEQ Web site features a blog.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/blog
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Requests may be submitted by email (without an attachment) or fax or sent by
postal mail to the Freedom of Information Officer, Council on Environmental
Quality, 722 Jackson Place NW., Washington, DC 20503. Fax, 202-456-0753.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/foia | Email:
efoia@ceq.eop.gov
Internships
Most interns work a semester-based schedule (May–August, September–
December, or January–April). A position may be customized, however, to
accommodate applicant availability and project needs. Application deadlines
are February 1 for the summer, June 13 for the fall, and October 1 for the
spring.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/internships | Email:
internships@ceq.eop.gov
Open Government
The CEQ supports the Open Government initiative by promoting the principles
of collaboration, participation, and transparency.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/open
Participation

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

The CEQ maintains a social media presence on Twitter and Facebook. An
online subscription form is available to sign up for email updates from the CEQ
and opportunities to get involved.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/stay-connected
Press Releases
The CEQ posts announcements, factsheets, memoranda, statements, and
other newsworthy items on its Web site.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq/press_releases
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ceq
For further information, contact the Information Office, Council on
Environmental Quality, 722 Jackson Place NW., Washington, DC 20503. Phone,
202-395-5750. Fax, 202-456-2710.

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20504
202-456-1414
http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc
MEMBERS
THE PRESIDENT

Donald J. Trump

The Vice President

Michael R. Pence

Secretary of State

Rex Tillerson

Secretary of Defense

Gen. James Mattis, USMC (retired)

STATUTORY ADVISERS
Director of National Intelligence

Dan Coats

Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., USMC

STANDING PARTICIPANTS
Secretary of the Treasury

Steven Mnuchin

Chief of Staff to the President

Gen. John Kelly, USMC (retired)

Counsel to the President

Donald F. McGahn, II

National Security Adviser

Lt. Gen. H.R. McMasters, USA (retired)

Director of the National Economic Council

Gary D. Cohn

OFFICIALS
National Security Adviser

Lt. Gen. H.R. McMasters, USA (retired)

Deputy National Security Adviser

Maj. Gen. Ricky Waddell, USA (retired)

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of
1947, as amended (50 U.S.C. 402). The Council was placed in the Executive

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Office of the President by Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1949 (5 U.S.C. app.).
The President chairs the National Security Council. Its statutory members, in
addition to the President, are the Vice President and the Secretaries of State
and Defense. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military
adviser to the Council, and the Director of National Intelligence serves as its
intelligence adviser. The Secretary of the Treasury, the U.S. Representative to
the United Nations, the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs,
the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy, and the Chief of Staff to the
President are invited to all meetings of the Council. The Attorney General and
the Director of National Drug Control Policy are invited to attend meetings
pertaining to their jurisdictions, and other officials are invited, as appropriate.
The Council advises and assists the President in integrating all aspects of
national security policy as it affects the United States—domestic, foreign,
military, intelligence, and economic—in conjunction with the National
Economic Council.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc
For further information, contact the National Security Council, Eisenhower
Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20504. Phone, 202-456-1414.

OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION
Eisenhower Executive Office Building, 1650 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW.,
Washington, DC 20503
202-456-2861
http://www.whitehouse.gov/oa
DIRECTOR / DEPUTY ASSISTANT TO
THE PRESIDENT

(vacancy)

Chief Administrative Officer

(vacancy)

Chief Financial Officer

Faisal Amin

Chief Logistics Officer

Stephen E. Pearson, Acting

General Counsel

Hugh L. Brady

The Office of Administration was formally established within the Executive
Office of the President by Executive Order 12028 of December 12, 1977.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/oa/history
The Office is exclusively dedicated to assisting the President in providing
uniform administrative support services to all units within the Executive Office
of the President. The services provided include facilities, information,
personnel, technology, and financial management; digital solutions, library,
and research services; security; legislative liaisons; and general office
operations such as mail, messenger, printing, procurement, and supply
services.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/oa

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
The Office of Administration relies on professionals who come from diverse
backgrounds and posses a rare blend of education, experience, and skill. The

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Office announces job vacancies on USAJobs.gov.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/oa/jobs
Photo Gallery
The Office of Administration contributes to the architectural and historic
preservation of the properties associated with the Executive Office of the
President. Images of current and past preservation projects are available
online.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/oa/preservation/projects
http://www.whitehouse.gov/oa
For further information, contact the Office of the Director, Office of
Administration, Washington, DC 20503. Phone, 202-456-2861.

OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET
New Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503
202-395-3080
http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb
DIRECTOR

Mick Mulvaney

Deputy Director

Thomas M. Reilly, Acting

Controller, Office of Federal Financial
Management

(vacancy)

Deputy Director, Management

Dustin S. Brown, Acting

Executive Associate Director

(vacancy)

General Counsel

(vacancy)

Intellectual Property Enforcement
Coordinator

(vacancy)

ADMINISTRATORS
Office of Federal Procurement Policy

(vacancy)

Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs Dominic J. Mancini, Acting

DIRECTORS
ASSISTANT DIRECTORS
Budget

Kelly A. Kinneen, Acting

Legislative Reference

Matthew J. Vaeth

Management and Operations

Sarah W. Spooner

ASSOCIATE DIRECTORS
Communications

John S. Czwartacki

Economic Policy

(vacancy)

Education, Income Maintenance and Labor John W. Gray
General Government Programs

Kathleen L. Kraninger

Health

Joseph L. Grogan

Information Technology and E–

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Government

(vacancy)

Legislative Affairs

Jonathan A. Slemrod

National Security Programs

Robert B. Blair

Natural Resource Programs

James P. Herz

Performance Management

(vacancy)

The Office of Management and Budget evaluates, formulates, and coordinates
management procedures and program objectives within and among Federal
departments and agencies. It also controls the administration of the Federal
budget, while routinely providing the President with recommendations
regarding budget proposals and relevant legislative enactments.
Organizational Chart
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), formerly the Bureau of the
Budget, was established in the Executive Office of the President pursuant to
Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1939 (5 U.S.C. app.).
The Office's primary functions are diverse and many: to assist the President in
developing and maintaining effective government by reviewing the
organizational structure and management procedures of the executive branch
to ensure that the intended results are achieved; to assist in developing
efficient coordinating mechanisms to implement Government activities and to
expand interagency cooperation; to assist the President in preparing the
budget and in formulating the Government's fiscal program; to supervise and
control the administration of the budget; to assist the President by clearing and
coordinating departmental advice on proposed legislation and by making
recommendations effecting Presidential action on legislative enactments, in
accordance with past practice; to assist in developing regulatory reform
proposals and programs for paperwork reduction, especially reporting burdens
of the public; to assist in considering, clearing, and, where necessary,
preparing proposed Executive orders and proclamations; to plan and develop
information systems that provide the President with program performance
data; to plan, conduct, and promote evaluation efforts that assist the President
in assessing program objectives, performance, and efficiency; to keep the
President informed of the progress of activities by Government agencies with
respect to work proposed, initiated, and completed, together with the relative
timing of work between the several agencies of the Government, all to the end
that the work programs of the several agencies of the executive branch of the
Government may be coordinated and that the moneys appropriated by the
Congress may be expended in the most economical manner, barring
overlapping and duplication of effort; and to improve the efficiency and
effectiveness of the procurement processes by providing overall direction of
procurement policies, regulations, procedures, and forms.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/organization_mission

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
The "Join OMB" Web page has links to learn more about career and detail
opportunities, student internships, and applying for OMB positions. Questions
may be addressed to the Human Resources Division, Office of Administration,
Washington, DC 20500. Phone, 202-395-1088.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/recruitment_default

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Information on how to submit a FOIA request is available online. The OMB's
FOIA Request Service Center also provides assistance. Phone, 202-395-3642.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/foia_default#reading | Email:
OMBFOIA@omb.eop.gov
Publications
A copy of the "Budget of the United States Government" may be downloaded
from the OMB Web site or purchased from the Government Publishing Office
bookstore. Phone, 202-512-0132.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/Overview
https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/budget-economy | Email: mainbks@gpo.gov
https://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/contact
For further information, contact the Office of Management and Budget, New
Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503. Phone, 202-395-3080.

OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY
Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC 20503
202-395-6700
202-395-6708
http://www.ondcp.gov
DIRECTOR

Richard J. Baum, Acting

Chief of Staff

Lawrence L. Muir, Acting

Deputy Director, Office of Policy, Research
and Budget
General Counsel

(vacancy)
Lawrence L. Muir

ASSOCIATE DIRECTORS
Office of Intelligence

Gerard K. Burns

Office of Intergovernmental Public Liaison

(vacancy)

Office of Legislative Affairs

(vacancy)

Office of Management and Administration

Michele C. Marx

Office of Public Affairs

(vacancy)

Office of Research / Data Analysis

(vacancy)

The Office of National Drug Control Policy helps the President establish his
National Drug Control Strategy objectives, priorities, and policies and makes
budget, program, and policy recommendations affecting National Drug Control
Program agencies.
The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) was established by the
National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.), effective
January 29, 1989, reauthorized through the Office of National Drug Control
Policy Reauthorization Act of 1988 (21 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), and again
reauthorized through the Office of National Drug Control Policy
Reauthorization Act of 2006 (21 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

The President appoints the Director of National Drug Control Policy with the
advice and consent of the Senate.
The Director establishes policies, objectives, priorities, and performance
measurements for the National Drug Control Program. Each year, the Director
promulgates the President's National Drug Control Strategy, other related drug
control strategies, supporting reports, and a program budget that the President
submits to Congress. The Director advises the President on necessary
changes in the organization, management, budgeting, and personnel
allocation of Federal agencies that monitor drug activities. The Director also
notifies Federal agencies if their policies do not comply with their
responsibilities under the National Drug Control Strategy. The ONDCP also
has direct programmatic responsibility for the Drug-Free Communities Support
and the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas programs.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/office-descriptions

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
Contact the Personnel Section, Office of National Drug Control Policy. Phone,
202-395-6695. Information on student opportunities is available on the
"Working at ONDCP" Web page.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/working-at-ondcp
Publications
To receive publications on drugs and crime control policies, to access specific
drug-related data, to access customized bibliographic searches, and to learn
more about data availability and other resources, visit the ONDCP Web site.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/news-releases
http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp
For further information, contact the Office of National Drug Control Policy,
Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC 20503. Phone, 202-395-6700.
Fax, 202-395-6708.

OFFICE OF POLICY DEVELOPMENT
The Office of Policy Development comprises the Domestic Policy and the
National Economic Councils, which advise and assist the President in the
formulation, coordination, and implementation of domestic and economic
policy. The Office of Policy Development also supports other policy
development and implementation activities as directed by the President.

DOMESTIC POLICY COUNCIL
Room 469, Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Washington, DC
20502
202-456-5594
https://https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/dpc
DOMESTIC POLICY COUNCIL
DIRECTOR / DOMESTIC POLICY
ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT

Andrew P. Bremberg

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

The above list of key personnel was updated 10–2018.

The Domestic Policy Council was established August 16, 1993, by
Executive Order 12859. The Council oversees development and
implementation of the President's domestic policy agenda and ensures
coordination and communication among the heads of relevant Federal
offices and agencies.

NATIONAL ECONOMIC COUNCIL
Room 235, Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Washington, DC
20502
202-456-2800
https://https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nec
NATIONAL ECONOMIC COUNCIL
DIRECTOR / ASSISTANT TO THE
PRESIDENT FOR ECONOMIC

Lawrence A. Kudlow

POLICY

The above list of key personnel was updated 10–2018.

The National Economic Council was created January 25, 1993, by
Executive Order 12835, to coordinate the economic policymaking
process and advise the President on economic policy. The Council also
ensures that economic policy decisions and programs remain
consistent with the President's stated goals and monitors the
implementation of the President's economic goals.

OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY
Eisenhower Executive Office Building, 1650 Pennsylvania Avenue NW.,
Washington, DC 20502
202-456-4444
202-456-6021
http://www.ostp.gov
DIRECTOR

John P. Holdren

Chief of Staff

Cristin Dorgelo

Assistant Director, Federal Research and
Development
Assistant Director, Legislative Affairs

Kei Koizumi
Donna Pignatelli

Communications Director / Senior Policy

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Analyst

Kristin Lee

Deputy Chief of Staff / Assistant Director

Ted M. Wackler

General Counsel

Rachael Leonard

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGY
OFFICER
Chief Technology Officer

Megan Smith

Deputy Chief Technology Officer

Alexander Macgillivray

Deputy Chief Technology Officer

Corinna Zarek

Deputy Chief Technology Officer

Edward W. Felten

Deputy Chief Technology Officer, Data
Policy / Chief Data Scientist

Dhanuray Patil

ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY DIVISION
Associate Director
Assistant Director, Clean Energy and
Transportation
Assistant Director, Climate Adaptation and
Ecosystems
Assistant Director, Climate Resilience and
Information
Assistant Director, Climate Resilience and
Land Use

(vacancy)
Austin Brown
Laura Petes
Amy Luers
Rich Pouyat

Assistant Director, Climate Science

Donald Wuebbles

Assistant Director, Earth Observations

David Hermreck

Assistant Director, Environmental Health

Bruce Rodan

Assistant Director, Natural Disaster
Resilience

Jacqueline Meszaros

Assistant Director, Polar Sciences

Martin Jeffries

Assistant Director, Space Weather

William Murtagh

Principal Assistant Director, Environment
and Energy

Tamara Dickinson

NATIONAL SECURITY AND
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIVISION
Associate Director
Assistant Director, Biosecurity and
Emerging Technologies

(vacancy)
Gerald Epstein

Assistant Director, Cybersecurity

Timothy Polk

Assistant Director, Cybersecurity Strategy

Gregory Shannon

Assistant Director, Defense Programs

Chris Fall

Assistant Director, Global Security

Matthew J. Heavner

Assistant Director, Special Programs

Mark LeBlanc

Principal Assistant Director, National
Security and International Affairs

Steve Fetter

SCIENCE DIVISION

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Associate Director

Jo Emily Handelsman

Assistant Director, Bioethics and Privacy

Melissa Goldstein

Assistant Director, Broadening
Participation
Assistant Director, Education and Learning
Science
Assistant Director, Education and Physical
Sciences

Wanda Ward
Danielle Carnival
Meredith Drosback

Assistant Director, Research Infrastructure Altaf Carim
Assistant Director, Scientific Data and
Information

Jerry Sheehan

TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
DIVISION
Associate Director

(vacancy)

Assistant Director, Behavioral Science

Maya Shankar

Assistant Director, Biological Innovation

Robbie Barbero

Assistant Director, Civil and Commercial
Space
Assistant Director, Education and
Telecommunications Innovation

Benjamin Roberts
Aadil Ginwala

Assistant Director, Entrepreneurship

Douglas Rand

Assistant Director, Innovation for Growth

Jennifer Erickson

Assistant Director, Learning and Innovation Kumar Garg
Assistant Director, Nanotechnology and
Advanced Materials
Assistant Director, Open Innovation
Deputy Director for Technology and
Innovation

Lloyd Whitman
Christofer Nelson
Thomas Kalil

BUDGET AND ADMINISTRATION
Operations Manager and Security Officer

Stacy Murphy

COUNCILS
PRESIDENT'S COUNCIL OF ADVISORS
ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Executive Director

Ashley Predith

NATIONAL SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL
Executive Director
Director, National Nanotechnology
Coordination Office

Afua Bruce
Michael Meador

Director, Networking and Information
Technology Research and Development

Bryan Biegel

National Coordination Office
Director, U.S. Global Change Research

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Program National Coordination Office
Director, U.S. Group on Earth Observation
Program

Michael Kuperberg
Timothy Stryker

The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) was established within
the Executive Office of the President by the National Science and Technology
Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6611).
The Office supports the President by serving as a source of engineering,
scientific, and technological analysis and judgment on plans, policies, and
programs of the Federal Government. OSTP experts advise the President on
scientific and technological matters that affect areas of national concern like
the economy, environment, foreign relations, health, and national security;
evaluate the effectiveness, quality, and scale of the Federal effort in science
and technology; advise and assist the President, the Office of Management
and Budget, and Federal agencies throughout the Federal budget
development process; and help the President with leading and coordinating
the Federal Government's research and development programs.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/about

Sources of Information
Blog
The OSTP's Web site features a blog.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/blog
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Instructions for submitting a FOIA request are available online.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/library/foia
Internships
Internships offer a unique opportunity to work with senior White House officials
and science and technology policy analysts in the OSTP's topic-based
divisions or on the OSTP legal team. Applicants may apply for one of three
terms: Fall, Spring, or Summer. Each term lasts no more than 90 days; interns
receive no remuneration; and students may be eligible to receive academic
credit.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/about/student
Library
The OSTP's resource library is an expanding collection of agency materials
that includes compliance guidelines, documents, presentations, reports,
speeches, and testimonies. An archival section contains materials from past
administrations.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/library
Press Room
White House factsheets and science and technology-related remarks,
statements, weekly addresses, and other Presidential items are available on
the OSTP's Web site.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/pressroom

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/contactus
For further information, contact the Office of Science and Technology Policy,
Eisenhower Executive Office Building, 1650 Pennsylvania Avenue NW.,
Washington, DC 20502. Phone, 202-456-4444. Fax, 202-456-6021.

OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE
REPRESENTATIVE
600 Seventeenth Street NW., Washington, DC 20508
202-395-3230
http://www.ustr.gov
UNITED STATES TRADE
REPRESENTATIVE
Deputy U.S. Trade Representative–
Geneva
Deputy U.S. Trade Representative–
Washington
Deputy U.S. Trade Representative–
Washington

Robert E. Lighthizer
(vacancy)
(vacancy)
(vacancy)

Chief Agricultural Negotiator

(vacancy)

Chief of Staff

Jamieson L. Greer

Director, Interagency Center on Trade
Implementation, Monitoring and

(vacancy)

Enforcement
General Counsel

Stephen Vaughn

ASSISTANT U.S. TRADE REPRESENTATIVES
Administration

Fed Ames

African Affairs

(vacancy)

Agricultural Affairs

Sharon Bomer Lauritsen

South and Central Asian Affairs

Mark Linscott

China Affairs

Terrence J. McCartin, Acting

Congressional Affairs

Christopher Jackson

Environment and Natural Resources

Jennifer Prescott

Europe and Middle East Affairs

L. Daniel Mullaney

Innovation and Intellectual Property

(vacancy)

Intergovernmental Affairs and Public
Engagement
Japan, Korea, and Asia Pacific Economic
Cooperation (APEC) Affairs

(vacancy)
Michael Beeman

Labor

Lewis Karesh

Monitoring and Enforcement

Juan Millan

Private Sector Engagement

(vacancy)

Public and Media Affairs

(vacancy)

Services and Investment

Daniel Bahar

Small Business, Market Access and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Industrial Competitiveness

James Sanford

Southeast Asia and Pacific Affairs

Barbara Weisel

Textiles

William Jackson

Trade Policy and Economic Affairs

Edward Gresser

Western Hemisphere

John Melle

World Trade Organization (WTO) and
Multilateral Affairs

Dawn Shackleford

The United States Trade Representative formulates trade policy for and directs
all trade negotiations of the United States.
Organizational Chart
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative was created as the Office of the
Special Representative for Trade Negotiations by Executive Order 11075 of
January 15, 1963. The Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2171) established the
Office as an agency of the Executive Office of the President charged with
administering the trade agreements program.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/history
The Office sets and administers overall trade policy. The U.S. Trade
Representative heads the Office and serves as the President's principal
adviser, negotiator, and spokesperson on international trade and investment
issues. The Representative acts as the chief representative of the United
States in all General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade activities; in Organization
for Economic Cooperation and Development discussions, meetings, and
negotiations that deal primarily with commodity issues and trade; in U.N.
Conference on Trade and Development negotiations and other multilateral
institution negotiations that deal primarily with commodity issues and trade; in
other bilateral and multilateral negotiations that deal primarily with commodities
or trade, including East-West trade; in negotiations under sections 704 and
734 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1671c and 1673c); and in negotiations
on direct investment incentives and disincentives and on bilateral investment
issues concerning barriers to investment.
The Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 codified these
authorities and added additional authority, including the implementation of
section 301 actions that enforce U.S. rights under international trade
agreements.
The U.S. Trade Representative serves as a Cabinet-level official with the rank
of Ambassador and reports directly to the President. The Chief Agricultural
Negotiator and three Deputy U.S. Trade Representatives also hold the rank of
Ambassador—two of the deputies are located in Washington, DC, and the
other serves in Geneva, Switzerland.
The U.S. Trade Representative is also an ex officio member on the boards of
directors of the Export-Import Bank and the Overseas Private Investment
Corporation. The Representative also serves on the National Advisory Council
on International Monetary and Financial Policy.
https://ustr.gov/about-us

Sources of Information
Blog
"Tradewinds" is the official blog of the U.S. Trade Representative.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

https://ustr.gov/tradewinds
Factsheets
The U.S. Trade Representative releases factsheets on trade issues.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/fact-sheets
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Requests must be made in writing: Freedom of Information Officer, Office of
the U.S. Trade Representative, 1724 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20508.
Security procedures can slow down mail receipt and processing. Sending a
request by email or fax avoids security-related delays. To facilitate finding the
desired information, a record description must contain key details—author,
date, recipient, subject matter, title or name. The Office of the U.S. Trade
Representative operates a FOIA requestor service center. Phone, 202-3953419. Fax, 202-395-9458.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/reading-room/freedom-information-act-foia | Email:
FOIA@ustr.eop.gov
The electronic reading room contains information that is made available on a
routine basis to the public. It also features documents that are frequently
requested under the FOIA. This collection of online documents continues to
grow as records in which the public expresses an interest are added.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/reading-room/freedom-information-act-foia/electronicreading-room
History
In 1963, President John F. Kennedy created a new Office of the Special Trade
Representative in the Executive Office of the President and designated two
new Deputies, one in the Nation's capital and the other in Geneva,
Switzerland. The rest of the story is available on the Web site of the Office of
the U.S. Trade Representative.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/history
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative posted "Facts About Trade" to
commemorate its 50th anniversary.
https://ustr.gov/50/facts
Key Issues
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative focuses it's trade policy on 14
issue areas: agriculture, economy and trade, enforcement, environment,
government procurement, industry and manufacturing, intellectual property,
labor, preference programs, services and investment, small business, textiles
and apparel, trade and development, and trade organizations.
https://ustr.gov/issue-areas
Map
The United States has trade relations with more than 75 countries worldwide.
https://ustr.gov/countries-regions
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
The Web site of the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative features facts on

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

the NAFTA.
https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/north-american-freetrade-agreement-nafta
Open Government
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative supports the Open Government
initiative by promoting the principles of collaboration, participation, and
transparency.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/open/around/eop/ustr
Press Releases
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative posts press releases on its Web
site.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases
Reports / Publications
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative posts reports and publications on
its Web site.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/reports-and-publications
Social Media
The U.S. Trade Representative tweets announcements and other newsworthy
items on Twitter.
https://twitter.com/USTradeRep
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative has a Facebook account.
https://www.facebook.com/USTradeRep
Speeches / Transcripts
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative posts transcriptions of public
remarks made by its senior staff.
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/speeches
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T–TIP)
The Web site of the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative features a T–TIP
issue-by-issue information center.
https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/transatlantic-trade-andinvestment-partnership-t-tip/t-tip
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)
The Office of the U.S Trade Representative has answered frequently asked
questions regarding the TPP on its Web site.
https://ustr.gov/tpp/#facts
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office
For further information, contact the Office of Public and Media Affairs, Office of
the U.S. Trade Representative, 600 Seventeenth Street NW., Washington, DC
20508. Phone, 202-395-3230.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=p0fnvDxExmY=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:42:05 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the

SEARCH

Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Department of Agriculture

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250
202-720-2791
http://www.usda.gov
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

George E. Perdue III

Deputy Secretary

Michael L. Young, Acting

https://www.usda.gov/our-agency/about-usda/our-secretary
Agency Heads
FARM AND FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL
SERVICES
Deputy Under Secretary

Jason Hafemeister, Acting

Administrator, Foreign Agricultural Service

Holly Higgins, Acting

Administrator, Farm Service Agency

Chris Beyerhelm, Acting

Administrator, Risk Management Agency

Heather Manzano, Acting

FOOD, NUTRITION AND CONSUMER
SERVICES
Deputy Under Secretary

Yvette Jackson, Acting

Administrator, Food and Nutrition Service

Jessica Shahin, Acting

Director, Center for Nutrition Policy and
Promotion

Jackie Haven, Acting

FOOD SAFETY
Deputy Under Secretary for Food Safety
Administrator, Food Safety and Inspection
Service

Alfred V. Almanza, Acting
Alfred V. Almanza

MARKETING AND REGULATORY PROGRAMS
Deputy Under Secretary

Kevin Shea, Acting

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service

Bruce Summers, Acting

Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service
Administrator, Grain Inspection, Packers and
Stockyards Administration

(vacancy)
Randall Jones, Acting

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
Deputy Under Secretary

Daniel Jiron, Acting

Chief, Forest Service

Thomas Tidwell

Chief, Natural Resources Conservation Service

Leonard Jordan

RESEARCH, EDUCATION AND ECONOMICS
Under Secretary

Ann Bartuska, Acting

Administrator, Agricultural Research Service

Chavonda Jacobs-Young

Administrator, Economic Research Service

Mary Bohman

Administrator, National Agricultural Statistics
Service

Hubert Hamer, Jr.

Director, National Institute of Food and Agriculture Sonny Ramaswamy
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Deputy Under Secretary
Administrator, Rural Business-Cooperative
Service

Roger Glendenning, Acting
Chadwick O. Parker, Acting

Administrator, Rural Housing Service

Richard A. Davis, Acting

Administrator, Rural Utilities Service

Chris McLean, Acting

Office Heads
Assistant Secretary for Administration

Malcom Shorter, Acting, Acting

Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights

(vacancy)

Chief Economist

Robert Johansson

Chief Financial Officer

Lynn M. Moaney, Acting

Chief Information Officer

Jonathan Alboum

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Congressional
Relations
Deputy Assistant Secretary for External and
Intergovernmental Affairs

Abbey Fretz, Acting
Doug Crandall, Acting

Director, Advocacy and Outreach

Carolyn Parker

Director, Budget and Program Analysis

Michael L. Young

Director, Communications

Timothy M. Murtaugh

Director, National Appeals Division

Steven C. Silverman

General Counsel

Stephen A. Vaden, Acting

Inspector General

Phyllis K. Fong

https://www.usda.gov/oig
The above list of key personnel was updated 06–2017.

[For the Department of Agriculture statement of organization, see the Code of Federal
Regulations, Title 7, Part 2]

The Department of Agriculture develops agricultural markets, fights hunger and
malnutrition, conserves natural resources, and ensures food quality standards.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

The Department of Agriculture (USDA) was created by an act of Congress on May 15,
1862 (7 U.S.C. 2201). In carrying out its work in the program mission areas, the USDA
relies on the support of departmental administration staff, as well as on the Offices of
Communications, Congressional Relations, the Chief Economist, the Chief Financial
Officer, the Chief Information Officer, the General Counsel, and the Inspector General.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA150

FARM AND FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICES
This mission area centers on helping America's farmers and ranchers deal with the
unpredictable nature of weather and markets. These services deliver commodity,
conservation, credit, disaster, and emergency assistance programs to strengthen and
stabilize the agricultural economy.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Farm Service Agency (FSA)
The Farm Service Agency administers farm commodity, disaster, and conservation
programs for farmers and ranchers. It also makes and guarantees farm emergency,
ownership, and operating loans through a network of State and county offices.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/index
Commodity Credit Corporation
The Commodity Credit Corporation, an agency and instrumentality of the United States
within the USDA, is under the supervision of the Secretary of Agriculture. The Corporation
does not have any employees, but relies on various Federal agencies, principally those in
the USDA, to conduct its operations. It carries out a wide array of functions as authorized
by the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act and as specifically authorized by the
Congress in numerous statutes. Corporation funds are used to offer marketing assistance
loans to producers of certain commodities, fund conservation programs to protect or
enhance natural resources, support the export of agricultural commodities, provide
humanitarian assistance abroad, and further economic progress in developing countries.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/about-fsa/structure-and-organization/commodity-creditcorporation/index
Commodity Operations
FSA facilitates the purchase, storage, transportation, and disposition of U.S.-origin
commodities acquired as a result of commodity loan forfeiture or through procurement for
humanitarian food aid programs. FSA administers the United States Warehouse Act,
which authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to license warehouse operators who store
agricultural products. The FSA also enters into agreements with warehouse operators to
store commodities owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation or pledged by farmers as
security for Commodity Credit Corporation marketing assistance loans.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/about-fsa/structure-and-organization/commodity-operations/index
Conservation Programs
FSA's conservation programs include the Conservation Reserve Program, which is the
Federal Government's largest environmental improvement program on private lands. It
safeguards millions of acres of topsoil from erosion, improves air quality, increases wildlife
habitat, and reduces water runoff and sedimentation. In return for planting a protective
cover of grass or trees on environmentally sensitive land, participants receive an annual
rental payment. Cost-share payments are available to help establish conservation
practices such as the planting of native grass, trees, windbreaks, or plants that improve
water quality and give shelter and food to wildlife.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=copr&topic=landing
Farm Commodity Programs
FSA manages farm safety net programs for America’s farmers and ranchers. Its

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Commodity Credit Corporation stabilizes, supports, and protects farm income and prices;
helps maintain balanced and adequate supplies of agricultural commodities; and aids in
their orderly distribution.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/about-fsa/structure-and-organization/commodity-creditcorporation/index
Farm Loan Programs
FSA makes and guarantees loans to family farmers and ranchers to purchase farmland
and finance agricultural production. These programs offer credit on reasonable rates and
terms to farmers—those who have suffered financial setbacks from natural disasters,
those with limited resources for establishing and maintaining profitable farming operations,
and beginners.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/farm-loan-programs/index
Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program
The Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program gives financial assistance to producers
of noninsurable crops when yields are low, inventory is lost, or natural disasters prevent
planting.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/disaster-assistance-program/noninsuredcrop-disaster-assistance/index
Other Emergency Assistance
In counties that are declared disaster areas, low-interest loans for eligible farmers help
cover physical and production losses. Eligible producers can be compensated for crop
losses, livestock feed losses, tree damage, and for the cost of rehabilitating certain
farmlands damaged by natural disaster.
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/disaster-assistance-program/index
For further information, contact the Office of External Affairs, Farm Service Agency,
Department of Agriculture, Stop 0506, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC
20250. Phone, 202-720-7807. Or, contact the Information Division, Foreign Agricultural
Service, Department of Agriculture, Stop 1004, 1400 Independence Avenue SW.,
Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-7115. Fax, 202-720-1727.

Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)
The Foreign Agricultural Service improves foreign market access for U.S. products, builds
new markets, improves the competitive position of U.S. agriculture in the global
marketplace, and provides food aid and technical assistance to foreign countries.
FAS has the primary responsibility for USDA's activities in the areas of international
marketing, trade agreements and negotiations, and the collection and analysis of
international statistics and market information. It also administers the USDA's export credit
guarantee and food aid programs. FAS helps increase income and food availability in
developing nations by mobilizing expertise for agriculturally led economic growth.
FAS also enhances U.S. agricultural competitiveness through a global network of
agricultural economists, marketing experts, negotiators, and other specialists. FAS
agricultural counselors, attaches, trade officers, and locally employed staff are stationed in
over 93 countries to support U.S. agricultural interests and cover 171 countries.
In addition to agricultural affairs offices in U.S. embassies, trade offices operate in a
number of key foreign markets. They function as service centers for U.S. exporters and
foreign buyers seeking market information.
Reports prepared by FAS overseas offices cover changes in policies and other
developments that could affect U.S. agricultural exports. FAS staff in U.S. embassies
worldwide assess U.S. export marketing opportunities and respond to the daily
informational needs of those who develop, initiate, monitor, and evaluate U.S. food and
agricultural policies and programs.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

The Service also maintains a worldwide agricultural reporting system based on information
from U.S. agricultural traders, remote sensing systems, and other sources. Analysts in
Washington, DC, prepare production forecasts, assess export marketing opportunities,
and track changes in policies affecting U.S. agricultural exports and imports.
FAS programs help U.S. exporters develop and maintain markets for hundreds of food and
agricultural products, from bulk commodities to brand-name items. Formal market
promotion activities are carried out chiefly in cooperation with agricultural trade
associations, State-regional trade groups, small businesses, and cooperatives that plan,
manage, and contribute human and financial resources to these efforts. The Service also
advises exporters on locating buyers and provides assistance through a variety of other
methods, including supporting U.S. participation in trade shows and single-industry
exhibitions each year.
http://www.fas.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Division, Foreign Agricultural Service,
Stop 1004, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC
20250-1004. Phone, 202-720-7115. Fax, 202-720-1727.

Risk Management Agency (RMA)
The Risk Management Agency, on behalf of the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
(FCIC), oversees and administers the Federal crop insurance program under the Federal
Crop Insurance Act.
Federal crop insurance is offered to qualifying producers through 16 private sector crop
insurance companies. Under the Standard Reinsurance Agreement (SRA), RMA provides
reinsurance, pays premium subsidies, reimburses insurers for administrative and operating
expenses, and oversees the financial integrity and operational performance of the delivery
system. RMA bears much of the noncommercial insurance risk under the SRA, allowing
insurers to retain commercial insurance risks or reinsure those risks in the private market.
In 2016, the Federal crop insurance program provided producers with more than $100
billion in protection. Twenty-five insurance plans are available, covering over 550 varieties
of crops, 37 reinsured privately developed products, and 18 RMA-developed pilot
programs in various stages of operation.
RMA also works closely with the private sector to find innovative ways to expand
coverage. The expansion affects risk protection for specialty crops, livestock and forage,
and rangeland and pasture. Thus, RMA is able to reduce the need for ad hoc disaster
assistance, while providing coverage for production declines that result from adverse
weather in many areas.
Additional information is available on the RMA Web site, which features agency news,
State profiles, publications, and announcements on current issues. It also has summaries
of insurance sales, pilot programs, downloadable crop policies, and agency-sponsored
events. Online tools, calculators, and applications are also part of the Web site.
http://www.rma.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Office of the Administrator, Risk Management Agency,
Department of Agriculture, Stop 0801, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC
20250. Phone, 202-690-2803.

FOOD, NUTRITION AND CONSUMER SERVICES
The mission area of the food, nutrition, and consumer services centers on harnessing the
Nation's agricultural abundance to reduce hunger and improve health in the United States.
Its agencies administer Federal domestic nutrition assistance programs and the Center for
Nutrition Policy and Promotion, which links scientific research to the nutrition needs of
consumers through science-based dietary guidance, nutrition policy coordination, and
nutrition education.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP)
The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion improves the health and well-being of
Americans by developing and promoting dietary guidance that links the latest evidencebased scientific research to consumers' nutrition needs. Initiatives range from setting
Federal dietary guidance to consumer-based nutrition education (MyPlate), to cutting-edge
personalized electronic tools (SuperTracker), to “report cards" on the status of the
American diet.
https://www.choosemyplate.gov
https://www.supertracker.usda.gov
http://www.cnpp.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Office of Public Information, Center for Nutrition Policy
and Promotion, Suite 200, 1120 20th Street NW., Washington, DC 20036-3406. Phone, 202418-2312.

Food and Nutrition Service (FNS)
The Food and Nutrition Service administers the USDA domestic nutrition assistance
programs, serving one in four Americans in the course of a year. The FNS works in
partnership with States and local agencies to increase food security and reduce hunger by
providing children and low-income people with access to food, a healthy diet, and nutrition
education.
http://www.fns.usda.gov
FNS administers the following nutrition assistance programs:
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) gives nutrition assistance to
millions of eligible low-income individuals and families, and it provides economic benefits
to communities. SNAP is the largest program in the domestic hunger safety net. FNS also
works with State partners and the retail community to improve program administration and
ensure program integrity.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
provides Federal grants to States for supplemental foods, health care referrals, and
nutrition education for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and nonbreastfeeding
postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age 5 who are found to be at
nutritional risk. WIC and the Seniors' Farmers' Market Nutrition Programs provide WIC
participants and senior citizens with increased access to fresh produce through coupons to
purchase fresh fruits and vegetables from authorized farmers.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/women-infants-and-children-wic
The Farmers' Market Nutrition Program is linked to WIC, which provides supplemental
foods, health care referrals, and nutrition education at no cost to low-income pregnant,
breastfeeding, and nonbreastfeeding post partum women, and to infants and children who
are up to 5 years of age and found to be at nutritional risk.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/fmnp/wic-farmers-market-nutrition-program-fmnp
The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program awards grants to States, U.S. Territories,
and federally recognized Indian tribal governments for coupons that low-income seniors
can use to purchase eligible foods at farmers' markets, roadside stands, and communitysupported agriculture programs.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/sfmnp/senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
The Commodity Supplemental Food Program improves the health of low-income pregnant
and breastfeeding women, nonbreastfeeding mothers up to 1 year postpartum, infants,
and children up to age 6. The program supplements their diets with nutritious USDA
commodity foods. It also provides food and administrative funds to States to supplement
the diets of these groups.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/csfp/commodity-supplemental-food-program-csfp

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

School districts and independent schools that choose to take part in the National School
Lunch Program receive cash subsidies and donated commodities from the USDA. In
return, they must serve lunches that meet Federal requirements and must offer free or
reduced-price lunches to eligible children. School food authorities can also be reimbursed
for snacks served to children through age 18 in afterschool educational or enrichment
programs.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/nslp/national-school-lunch-program-nslp
The School Breakfast Program operates like the National School Lunch Program. School
districts and independent schools that choose to take part in the breakfast program receive
cash subsidies from the USDA for each meal they serve. In return, they must serve
breakfasts that meet Federal requirements and must offer free or reduced-price breakfasts
to eligible children.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/sbp/school-breakfast-program-sbp
The Special Milk Program provides milk to schoolchildren and children in childcare
institutions who do not participate in other Federal meal service programs. The program
reimburses schools for the milk that they serve. Schools in the National School Lunch or
School Breakfast Programs may participate so that milk is available to prekindergarten and
kindergarten children who may not have access to school meal programs.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/smp/special-milk-program
The Child and Adult Care Food Program helps child and adult care institutions and family
or group day care homes provide nutritious foods to promote the health and wellness of
young children, older adults, and chronically impaired disabled persons.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/cacfp/child-and-adult-care-food-program
The Summer Food Service Program ensures that low-income children receive nutritious
meals when they are not attending school.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/sfsp/summer-food-service-program-sfsp
The Emergency Food Assistance Program helps low-income and elderly Americans
access free emergency food and nutrition assistance. The program provides food and
administrative funds to States to supplement the diets of these groups.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/tefap/emergency-food-assistance-program-tefap
The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations helps low-income households—
including the elderly living on Indian reservations—and Native American families residing
in designated areas in Oklahoma and near reservations elsewhere to access USDA foods.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/fdpir/food-distribution-program-indian-reservations-fdpir
The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program helps make fruits and vegetables available to
students free of charge, during the schoolday, in participating elementary schools. The
program is a tool for reducing childhood obesity: It exposes schoolchildren to fresh
produce that they otherwise might not have the opportunity to sample.
http://www.fns.usda.gov/ffvp/fresh-fruit-and-vegetable-program
For further information, contact the Public Information Officer, Food and Nutrition Service,
Department of Agriculture, 3101 Park Center Drive, Alexandria, VA 22302. Phone, 703-3052286.

FOOD SAFETY
This mission area centers on the labeling and packaging, safety, and wholesomeness of
the Nation's commercial supply of egg, poultry, and meat. It also contributes significantly to
the President's Council on Food Safety and has helped coordinate a nationwide food
safety strategic plan.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
The Food Safety and Inspection Service was established by the Secretary of Agriculture
on June 17, 1981, pursuant to authority contained in 5 U.S.C. 301 and Reorganization

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Plan No. 2 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.). FSIS monitors the Nation's commercial supply of meat,
poultry, and processed egg products.
http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/home
Meat, Poultry, and Processed Egg Products Inspection
FSIS is the public health regulatory agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture that
ensures commercial meat, poultry, and processed egg products are safe, wholesome,
accurately labeled, and properly packaged. FSIS enforces the Federal Meat Inspection Act
(FMIA), the Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA), and the Egg Products Inspection Act
(EPIA), which require Federal inspection and regulation of meat, poultry, and processed
egg products prepared for distribution in commerce for use as human food. FSIS is also
responsible for administering the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act, which requires that
livestock are handled and slaughtered humanely at the FSIS-inspected establishment.
FSIS administers FMIA, PPIA, and EPIA by developing and implementing data-driven
regulations, including inspection, testing, and enforcement activities for the products under
FSIS’s jurisdiction. In addition to mandatory inspection of meat, poultry, and processed
egg products, FSIS tests samples of these products for microbial and chemical residues to
monitor trends for enforcement purposes and to understand, predict, and prevent
contamination. FSIS also ensures that only meat, poultry, and processed egg products
that meet U.S. requirements are imported into the United States, and it certifies meat,
poultry, and processed egg products for export.
FSIS also monitors meat, poultry, and processed egg products throughout storage,
distribution, and retail channels, and it ensures regulatory compliance to protect the public,
including detention of products, voluntary product recalls, court-ordered seizures of
products, administrative suspension and withdrawal of inspection, and referral of violations
for criminal and civil prosecution. To protect against intentional contamination, the Agency
conducts food defense activities, as well.
FSIS maintains a toll-free Meat and Poultry Hotline (phone, 888-674-6854; TTY, 800-2567072) and chat feature to answer questions in English and Spanish about the safe
handling of meat, poultry, and egg products. The Hotline's hours are weekdays, from 10
a.m. to 4 p.m., EST, year round. An extensive selection of food safety messages in
English and Spanish is available at the same number at all hours of the day. Questions
can also be submitted anytime to MPHotline.fsis@usda.gov.
"Ask Karen," an online virtual representative, provides answers to consumer questions on
preventing foodborne illness, safe food handling and storage, and safe preparation of
meat, poultry, and egg products
(http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/informational/askkaren).
http://www.fsis.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Assistant Administrator, Office of Public Affairs and
Consumer Education, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW.,
Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-3884.

MARKETING AND REGULATORY PROGRAMS
The scope of the marketing and regulatory mission area includes marketing and regulatory
programs other than those concerned with food safety.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)
The Agricultural Marketing Service was established by the Secretary of Agriculture on April
2, 1972, under the authority of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.) and
other authorities. The Service facilitates the fair and efficient marketing of U.S. agricultural
products. It supports agriculture through a variety of programs: cotton and tobacco; dairy;
fruit and vegetable; livestock, poultry, and seed; organic products; transportation and
marketing, and science and technology. The Service's activities support American

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

agriculture in the global marketplace and help ensure the availability of wholesome food.
http://www.ams.usda.gov
Audit and Accreditation Services
AMS audit and accreditation programs give producers and suppliers of agricultural
products the opportunity to assure customers of their ability to provide consistent quality
products and services. The AMS verifies their documented programs through independent,
third-party audits. AMS audit and accreditation programs are voluntary and paid through
hourly user-fees.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/auditing
Commodity Purchasing
The AMS purchases a variety of domestically produced and processed commodity food
products through a competitive process involving approved vendors. The purchasing
supports American agriculture by providing an outlet for surplus products and encouraging
domestic consumption of domestic foods. The wholesome, high quality products,
collectively called USDA Foods, are delivered to schools, food banks, and households
across the country and constitute a vital component of the Nation's food safety net.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/selling-food
Farmers Markets / Direct-to-Consumer Marketing
The AMS regularly collects data and analyzes farmers market operations and other directto-consumer marketing outlets—Community Supported Agriculture, food hubs, on-farm
markets—to help market managers, planners, and researchers better understand the
effect of these outlets on food access and local economic development, and to help the
public find sources of fresh, local food.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/local-regional
Grades / Standards
USDA grade shields, official seals, and labels are symbols of the quality and integrity of
American agricultural products. Large-volume buyers such as grocery stores, military
institutions, restaurants, and foreign governments benfit from the quality grades and
standards because they serve as as a common "language" that simplifies business
transactions.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/standards
Grant Programs
The AMS administers a series of grant programs that make over $100 million available to
support a variety of agricultural activities, including the specialty crop industry and local
and regional food system expansion. These grant programs improve domestic and
international opportunities for growers and producers and help support rural America.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/grants
Laboratory Testing and Approval Services
The AMS oversees the National Science Laboratories (NSL), a fee-for-service lab network.
NSL scientists and technicians conduct chemical, microbiological, and biomolecular
analyses on food and agricultural commodities. The network provides testing services for
AMS commodity programs, other USDA agencies, Federal and State agencies, research
institutions, private sector food and agricultural industries, and the U.S. military. The AMS
also approves or accredits labs to perform testing services in support of domestic and
international trade. At the request of industry, other Federal agencies, or foreign
governments, it develops and administers laboratory approval programs to verify that the
analysis of food and agricultural products meet country or customer-specified
requirements.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/lab-testing

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Marketing Agreements and Orders
Marketing agreements and orders are initiated by industry to stabilize markets for dairy
products, fruits, vegetables, and specialty crops. An agreement is binding only for handlers
who sign the agreement. Marketing orders are a binding regulation for the entire industry
in the specified geographical area, once the producers and the Secretary of Agriculture
have approved it.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/moa
Market News
Market News issues thousands of reports each year, providing the agricultural industry
with important wholesale, retail, and shipping data. The reports give farmers, producers,
and other agricultural businesses the information they need to evaluate market conditions,
identify trends, make purchasing decisions, monitor price patterns, evaluate transportation
equipment needs, and accurately assess movement.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news
National Organic Program
The National Organic Program is a regulatory program housed within the AMS. It develops
national standards for organically-produced agricultural products. The "USDA ORGANIC"
seal means that a product met consistent and uniform standards. USDA organic
regulations do not address food safety or nutrition. Organic production integrates cultural,
biological, and mechanical practices to increase cycling of resources, biodiversity, and
ecological balance.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/about-ams/programs-offices/national-organic-program
Pesticide Data Program
The Pesticide Data Program (PDP) monitors pesticide residue nationwide. It produces the
most comprehensive pesticide residue database in the Nation. The PDP administers the
sampling, testing, and reporting of pesticide residues on agricultural commodities in the
U.S. food supply—with an emphasis on those commodities regularly consumed by infants
and children. The AMS implements the program in cooperation with State agriculture
departments and other Federal agencies. The Environmental Protection Agency relies on
PDP data to assess dietary exposure, and Food and Drug Administration and other
government experts use them for making informed decisions.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/datasets/pdp
Plant Variety Protection Program
The Plant Variety Protection Office protects the intellectual property of breeders of new
seed and tuber varieties. Implementing the Plant Variety Protection Act, the Office
examines new applications and grants certificates that protect varieties for 20 or 25 years.
Certificate owners have exclusive rights to market and sell their varieties, manage the use
of their varieties by other breeders, and benefit from legal protection of their work.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/plant-variety-protection
Regulatory Programs
The AMS administers several regulatory programs designed to protect producers,
handlers, and consumers of agricultural commodities from financial loss or personal injury
resulting from careless, deceptive, or fraudulent marketing practices. These regulatory
programs encourage fair trading practices in the marketing of fruits and vegetables, and
they require accuracy in seed labeling and in advertising. The AMS also enforces the
Country of Origin Labeling law, which requires retailers—full-line grocery stores,
supermarkets, club warehouse stores—to notify their customers with information regarding
the source of certain foods.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations
Research and Promotion Programs

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

The AMS monitors certain industry-sponsored research, promotion, and information
programs authorized by Federal laws. These programs give farmers and processors a
means to finance and operate various research, promotion, and information activities for
agricultural products.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/research-promotion
Quality Grading / Inspections
Nearly 600 grade standards have been established for some 230 agricultural commodities
to help buyers and sellers trade on agreed-upon quality levels. Standards are developed
with assistance from individuals outside the Department, particularly from those involved
with the industries directly affected. The AMS also participates in developing international
commodity standards to facilitate trade. Grading and classing services are provided to
certify the grade and quality of products. These grading services are provided to buyers
and sellers of live cattle, swine, sheep, meat, poultry, eggs, rabbits, fruits, vegetables, tree
nuts, peanuts, dairy products, tobacco, and other miscellaneous food products. Classing
services are provided to buyers and sellers of cotton and cotton products. These services
are mainly voluntary and are provided upon request and for a fee. The AMS is also
responsible for testing seed.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/grading
Transportation Research and Analysis
The Transportation Services Division (TSD) of the AMS serves as the definitive source for
economic analysis of agricultural transportation. TSD experts support domestic and
international agribusinesses by giving technical assistance and releasing reports and
offering analysis. They track developments in truck, rail, barge, and ocean transportation
and provide information on and analysis of these modes of moving food from farm to table,
from port to market.
http://www.ams.usda.gov/services/transportation-analysis
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Staff, Agricultural Marketing Service,
Department of Agriculture, Room 3933, South Agriculture Building, Stop 0273, 1400
Independence Ave, SW., Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-8998.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
[For the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service statement of organization, see the
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Part 371]
The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service was originally established in 1972 and
reestablished by the Secretary of Agriculture on March 14, 1977, pursuant to authority
contained in 5 U.S.C. 301 and Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 (5 U.S.C. app.). The
APHIS was established to conduct regulatory and control programs to protect and improve
animal and plant health for the benefit of agriculture and the environment. In cooperation
with State governments, industry stakeholders, and other Federal agencies, the APHIS
works to prevent the entry and establishment of foreign animal and plant pests and
diseases. It also regulates certain genetically engineered organisms and supports healthy
international agricultural trade and exports of U.S. agricultural products. The agency also
works to ensure the humane treatment of certain animals and carries out research and
operational activities to mitigate damage caused by birds, rodents, and other wildlife.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/home
Animal Care
Animal Care upholds and enforces the Animal Welfare Act and the Horse Protection Act.
The Animal Welfare Act requires that federally established standards of care and
treatment be provided for certain warmblooded animals bred for commercial sale, used in
research, transported commercially, or publicly exhibited. The Horse Protection Act seeks
to end soring by preventing sored horses from participating in auctions, exhibitions, sales,
and shows. The Center for Animal Welfare collaborates with other animal welfare entities

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

to help the USDA build partnerships domestically and internationally, improve regulatory
practices, and develop outreach, training, and educational resources. Animal Care's
emergency response component provides national leadership on the safety and well-being
of pets during disasters—supporting animal safety during emergencies is a significant
factor in ensuring the well-being of pet owners.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare
Biotechnology Regulatory Services
To protect plant health, Biotechnology Regulatory Services implements APHIS regulations
affecting the importation, movement, and field release of genetically engineered plants and
certain other genetically engineered organisms that may pose a risk to plant health. The
APHIS coordinates these responsibilities along with the other designated Federal agencies
as part of the Federal coordinated framework for the regulation of biotechnology.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/biotechnology
International Services
APHIS protects the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources. Its
International Services supports this mission in an international environment. The Services
collaborate with foreign partners to control pests and diseases, facilitate safe agricultural
trade, ensure effective and efficient management of internationally-based programs, and
invest in international capacity-building with foreign counterparts to build technical and
regulatory skills that prevent diseases and pests from spreading.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/internationalservices
Plant Protection and Quarantine
APHIS oversees Plant Protection and Quarantine. The program protects U.S. agriculture
and natural resources against the entry, establishment, and spread of economically and
environmentally significant pests. It also facilitates the safe trade of agricultural products.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth
Veterinary Services
Veterinary Services supports APHIS' efforts to protect and improve the health, quality, and
marketability of the Nation's animals, animal products, and veterinary biologics. The
Service is organized strategically into four sections: surveillance, preparedness, and
response; national import export services; science, technology, and analysis; and program
support services.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth
Wildlife Services
Wildlife Services provides Federal leadership and expertise for resolving conflicts between
wildlife and people to allow coexistence. It conducts program delivery, research, and other
activities through regional and State offices, the National Wildlife Research Center and
field stations, as well as through national programs. Contact the APHIS customer service
call center for more information. Phone, 844-820-2234.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/wildlifedamage
For further information, contact Legislative and Public Affairs, Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW.,
Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-799-7030.

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA)
The Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration was established in 1994 to
facilitate the marketing of livestock, poultry, meat, cereals, oilseeds, and related
agricultural products, and to promote fair and competitive trading practices for the overall
benefit of consumers and American agriculture. The Packers and Stockyards Program
protects fair trade practices, financial integrity, and competitive markets for livestock, meat,
and poultry. The Federal Grain Inspection Service facilitates the marketing of U.S. grains,

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

oilseeds, and related agricultural products through its grain inspection and weighing
system. The Service also maintains the integrity of the grain marketing system by
developing unbiased grading standards and methods for assessing grain quality.
http://www.gipsa.usda.gov
Inspection
The United States Grain Standards Act requires most U.S. export grain to be inspected. At
export port locations, GIPSA or State agencies that have been delegated authority by the
Administrator carry out inspections. For domestic grain marketed at inland locations, the
Administrator designates private and State agencies to provide official inspection services
upon request. Both export and domestic services are provided on a fee-for-service basis.
http://www.gipsa.usda.gov/fgis/inspectionservices.aspx
Methods Development
GIPSA’s methods development activities include applied research or tests to produce new
or improved techniques for measuring grain quality. Examples include knowledge gained
through the study of how to establish real-time grain inspection, develop reference
methods in order to maintain consistency and standardization in the grain inspection
system, as well as the comparison of different techniques for evaluation of end-use quality
in wheat.
Packers and Stockyards Activities
GIPSA prohibits deceptive, discriminatory, and unfair practices by market agencies,
dealers, stockyards, packers, swine contractors, and live poultry dealers in the livestock,
meat packing, and poultry industries. According to the provisions of the Packers and
Stockyards Act, it fosters fair competition and ensures payment protection for growers and
farmers through regulatory activities: investigating alleged violations of the act, auditing
regulated entities, verifying the accuracy of scales, and monitoring industry trends to
protect consumers and members of the livestock, meat, and poultry industries. The
Administration also has certain responsibilities derived from the Truth-in-Lending and the
Fair Credit Reporting Acts. GIPSA carries out the Secretary's responsibilities under section
1324 of the Food Security Act of 1985 pertaining to State-established central filing systems
to prenotify buyers, commission merchants, and selling agents of security interests against
farm products. GIPSA administers the section of the act commonly referred to as the
"Clear Title" provision and certifies qualifying State systems.
http://www.gipsa.usda.gov/psp/psp.aspx
Standardization
Official inspections of grains, oilseeds, and other agricultural and processed commodities
are based on established official U.S. standards. The inspections also rely on sound,
proven, and standardized procedures, techniques, and equipment. The official standards
and accompanying procedures, techniques, and equipment produce consistent test results
and services, from elevator to elevator and State to State.
http://www.gipsa.usda.gov/fgis/standardprocedures.aspx
Weighing
GIPSA or State agencies that have been delegated authority the Administrator officially
weigh U.S. export grain at port locations. For domestic grain marketed at inland locations,
GIPSA or designated private or State agencies provide the weighing services. Weighing
services are provided on a fee-for-service basis.
http://www.gipsa.usda.gov/fgis/weighingservices.aspx
For further information, contact the Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards
Administration, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington,
DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-0219.

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

This mission area centers on stewardship of 75 percent of the Nation's total land area. The
USDA's operating philosophy in this mission area places a premium on collaboration with
diverse partners and on the health and sustainability of ecosystems to maximize
stewardship of the Nation's natural resources. This approach ensures that the necessary
requirements for maintaining healthy and sustainable systems are in balance with people's
priorities and the products and services that they desire.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Forest Service (FS)
[For the Forest Service statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 36, Part 200.1]
In 1876, Congress created the Office of Special Agent in the Department of Agriculture to
assess the condition of the forests in the United States. The Forest Service was created
decades later by the Transfer Act of February 1, 1905 (16 U.S.C. 472), which transferred
the Federal forest reserves and the responsibility for their management to the USDA from
the Department of the Interior. The mission of the Forest Service is to achieve quality land
management under the sustainable, multiple-use management concept to meet the
diverse needs of people. The Service advocates a conservation ethic in promoting the
health, productivity, diversity, and beauty of forests and associated lands; listens to people
and responds to their diverse needs in making decisions; protects and manages the
National Forests and Grasslands to best demonstrate the sustainable, multiple-use
management concept; provides technical and financial assistance to State, tribal, and
private forest landowners, encouraging them to become better stewards and quality land
managers; helps cities and communities improve their natural environment by planting
trees and caring for their forests; provides international technical assistance and scientific
exchanges to sustain and enhance global resources and to encourage quality land
management; assists States and communities in using the forests wisely to promote rural
economic development and a quality rural environment; develops and disseminates
scientific and technical knowledge that helps protect, manage, and improve use of forests
and rangelands; and offers employment, training, and educational opportunities to the
unemployed, underemployed, disadvantaged, elderly, and youth.
http://www.fs.fed.us
Forest Research
The Service performs basic and applied research to develop the scientific information and
technology needed to protect, manage, use, and sustain the natural resources of the
Nation's forests and rangelands, including those on private and tribal lands. Its forest
research strategy focuses on three major program components: understanding the
structure and functions of forest and range ecosystems; understanding how people
perceive and value the protection, management, and use of natural resources; and
determining which protection, management, and utilization practices are most suitable for
sustainable production and use of natural resources worldwide.
http://www.fs.fed.us/research/research-topics
National Forest System
Using the principles of multiple-use and sustained yield, the Service manages 154
National Forests, 20 National Grasslands, 1 tall grass prairie, and 8 national monuments
on approximately 193 million acres of land in 44 States, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto
Rico. The Nation's need for wood and paper products must be balanced against the other
vital, renewable resources or benefits that the National Forests and Grasslands provide:
recreation and natural beauty, wildlife habitat, livestock forage, and water supplies. As a
guiding principle, the Service tries to achieve greatest good for the greatest number in the
long run.
These lands are managed to promote resiliency against catastrophic wildfire, epidemics of
disease and insect pests, erosion, and other threats. Burned areas receive emergency

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

seeding treatment to prevent massive erosion and stream siltation. Roads and trails are
built where needed to give the public access to outdoor recreation areas and provide
scenic drives and hikes. Picnic, camping, skiing, water sport and other recreational areas
feature facilities for public convenience and enjoyment. Vegetative management methods
protect the land and streams, ensure rapid renewal of the forest, provide food and cover
for wildlife and fish, and mitigate human impact on scenic and recreation assets. Local
communities benefit from activities on National Forest lands. These lands also provide
needed oil, gas, and minerals. Millions of livestock and game animals benefit from
improved rangelands. The National Forests serve as a refuge for many species of
endangered birds, animals, and fish. Some 34.6 million acres are set aside as wilderness
and 175,000 acres as primitive areas where timber will not be harvested.
http://www.fs.fed.us/managing-land/national-forests-grasslands
State and Private Forestry
The State and Private Forestry organization of the Forest Service reaches across the
boundaries of National Forests to States, tribes, communities, and nonindustrial private
landowners. The organization is the Federal leader in giving technical and financial
assistance to landowners and resource managers to help sustain the Nation’s forests and
protect communities and the environment from wildland fires. National priorities for State
and private forestry promote four core actions: conserving and managing working forest
landscapes for multiple values and uses, protecting forests from threats, enhancing public
benefits from trees and forests, and increasing organizational effectiveness. The State and
Private Forestry organization supports sustainable stewardship of non-Federal forest land
nationwide, including 423 million acres of private forest land, 69 million acres of State
forest land, 18 million acres of tribal forests, and over 130 million acres of urban and
community forests. The organization offers leadership in wildland fire management,
operations, methods development, risk mapping, forest products utilization, and advanced
survey and monitoring, as well as geospatial technologies.
http://www.fs.fed.us/spf
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
[For the Natural Resources Conservation Service statement of organization, see the Code
of Federal Regulations, Title 7, Parts 600 and 601]
The Natural Resources Conservation Service, formerly known as the Soil Conservation
Service, helps America's farmers, ranchers, and other private landowners develop and
implement voluntary efforts to conserve and protect the Nation's natural resources.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/site/national/home
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program
The Agricultural Conservation Easement Program helps conserve agricultural lands and
wetlands by offering financial and technical assistance. Under the program's Agricultural
Land Easements component, NRCS supports Indian tribes, State and local governments,
and nongovernmental organizations in their efforts to protect working agricultural lands
and to limit agricultural land use for nonagricultural purposes. Under the program's
Wetlands Reserve Easements component, NRCS supports efforts to restore, protect, and
enhance enrolled wetlands.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/easements/acep
Agricultural Management Assistance
Agricultural Management Assistance, by giving financial and technical assistance to
agricultural producers, encourages them to incorporate conversation practices into their
farming operations to improve water management and quality, to reduce erosion, and to
mitigate risk through production diversification. The assistance supports producers' in their
efforts to plant trees for windbreaks, construct irrigation structures, use integrated pest
management, and transition to organic farming. NRCS administers the program's

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

conservation components, while AMS and RMA handle the others.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/financial/ama
Conservation Stewardship Program
The Conservation Stewardship Program helps agricultural producers maintain and
improve their existing conservation systems and adopt additional conservation practices
that address resource concerns of high priority. Participants earn program payments for
conservation performance: Payments are directly proportional to performance. The
program offers two types of payments through 5-year contracts: annual payments for
adopting new conservation practices and maintaining current ones, and supplemental
payments for initiating a resource-conserving crop rotation. Producers may be able to
renew a contract if they met the obligations of the initial contract and agree to achieve
additional conservation goals.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/financial/csp
Conservation Technical Assistance
Conservation Technical Assistance makes conservation technology and the delivery
system needed to achieve the benefits of a healthy and productive landscape available to
land users. The program reduces the loss of soil from erosion; offers solutions for
agricultural waste management, air quality, soil, and water conservation and quality
problems; mitigates potential water, sedimentation, or drought damage; improves fish and
wildlife habitat; assists others in facilitating changes in land use for natural resource
protection and sustainability; and increases the long term sustainability of all lands—
cropland, forestland, grazing lands, coastal lands, and developing or developed lands.
Technical Assistance supports clients in their efforts to address concerns and problems
and explore opportunities related to the use of natural resources. NRCS staff and the
employees of other agencies or entities under the technical supervision of NRCS provide
the assistance.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/technical/cta
Emergency Watershed Protection Program
The Emergency Watershed Protection Program safeguards lives and property in jeopardy
due to sudden watershed impairment caused by natural disasters. Emergency assistance
includes quickly establishing a protective plant cover on denuded land and stream banks,
opening dangerously restricted channels, and repairing diversions and levees. To be
eligible for assistance under this program, an emergency area does not need to be
declared a national disaster area. NRCS may bear up to 75 percent of the construction
cost of emergency measures. The remaining cost must come from local sources. Funding
is subject to Congressional approval.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/landscape/ewpp
Environmental Quality Incentives Program
The Environmental Quality Incentives Program assists agricultural producers by offering
contracts up to a maximum term of 10 years in length. These contracts provide financial
assistance for planning and implementing conservation practices that address natural
resource concerns and for improving air, animal, plant, soil, water, and related resources
on agricultural land and nonindustrial private forestland. Sixty percent of the available
funds are for conservation activities related to livestock production. The program also
helps producers meet Federal, State, tribal and local environmental regulations.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/financial/eqip
Healthy Forests Reserve Program
The Healthy Forests Reserve Program helps landowners restore, enhance, and protect
forestland resources on private lands through easements, 30-year contracts, and 10-year
cost-share agreements. The program supports the efforts of landowners to promote the
recovery of endangered or threatened species, increase plant and animal biodiversity, and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

improve carbon sequestration.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/easements/forests
National Cooperative Soil Survey
The National Cooperative Soil Survey, a nationwide partnership of Federal, State,
regional, and local agencies and private entities and institutions, works cooperatively to
investigate, inventory, document, classify, interpret, disseminate, and publish soil
information. It informs the public about the uses and capabilities of local soils. The
published survey for a county or other designated area includes maps and interpretations
that are essential for farm planning, other private land use decisions, and governmental
policy development and resource planning.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/soils/survey/partnership/ncss
Plant Materials Program
The Plant Materials Program selects conservation plants and develops innovative planting
technology for addressing natural resource challenges and maintaining healthy and
productive farms and ranches. It focuses on using plants as a natural solution for
conservation issues and reestablishing ecosystem function; collects, selects, and releases
grasses, legumes, wildflowers, trees and shrubs, working with commercial, private, public,
and tribal partners and land managers to apply new plant-based conservation methods;
provides plant materials and new applied technologies for national initiatives; offers plant
solutions to fight invasive species, heal lands damaged by natural disasters, reduce
drought effects, promote air and water quality, and produce alternative energy; and assists
Native American tribes with producing and protecting culturally significant plants.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/plantmaterials/about
Regional Conservation Partnership Program
The Regional Conservation Partnership Program promotes coordination between NRCS
and its partners for the delivery of conservation assistance to producers and landowners.
NRCS assists producers through partnership agreements and program contracts or
easement agreements. The program combines the authorities of four previous programs:
the Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative, the Agricultural Water Enhancement,
the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, and the Great Lakes Basin Programs.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/farmbill/rcpp
Small Watershed Program
The Small Watershed Program relies on local government sponsors to help participants
solve natural resource and related economic problems on a watershed basis. Projects
include efforts to protect watersheds, prevent floods, control erosion and sedimentation,
improve water supply and quality, enhance fish and wildlife habitat, create and restore
wetlands, and support public recreation in watersheds of 250,000 or fewer acres. The
program offers both financial and technical assistance. Through the Small Watershed
Program, NRCS maps flood hazard areas, solves local flooding problems, evaluates
potential greenbelts along streams, develops guidelines for erosion control and runoff
management, helps farmers control erosion in high priority watersheds, and improves the
water quality of ground water and water bodies.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/nd/programs/?cid=nrcs141p2_001682
Snow Survey and Water Supply Forecasts
The Snow Survey is conducted by NRCS to make information on future water supplies
available to residents of Alaska and Western States. At more than 1,800 mountain sites,
NRCS personnel collect and analyze data on snowpack depth and its water equivalent to
estimate annual water availability, spring runoff, and summer streamflows. Federal and
State agencies, organizations, and individuals rely on these forecasts for agricultural
production, fish and wildlife management, municipal and industrial water supply, urban

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

development, flood control, recreation power generation, and water quality management.
The National Weather Service includes the forecasts in their river forecasting function.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/water/snowsurvey
Watershed Surveys and Planning
The Watershed Surveys and Planning program supports Federal, State, and local
agencies and tribal governments in their efforts to protect watersheds from damage
caused by erosion, floodwater, and sediment and to conserve and develop water and land
resources. The program addresses a number of resource concerns: agricultural drought
problems, municipal and industrial water needs, rural development, upstream flood
damages, water quality and conservation, wetland and water storage capacity, and water
needs for fish, wildlife, and forest-based industries.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/programs/landscape/wsp

RESEARCH, EDUCATION AND ECONOMICS
This mission area centers on creating, applying, and transferring knowledge and
technology to make available affordable food and fiber, ensure food safety and nutrition,
and support rural development and people's natural resource needs. The creation,
application, and transfer of this knowledge and technology are achieved by conducting
integrated national and international research and by providing information, education, and
statistical programs and services.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
The Agricultural Research Service conducts research on agricultural problems of high
national priority. It provides information access and dissemination to ensure high-quality,
safe food and other agricultural products; to assess the nutritional needs of Americans; to
sustain a competitive agricultural economy; to enhance the natural resource base and the
environment; and to promote economic opportunities for rural citizens, communities, and
society as a whole.
Research activities are carried out at 96 domestic locations, including Puerto Rico and the
U.S. Virgin Islands, and five overseas locations. ARS conducts much of this research in
cooperation with partners in State universities and experiment stations, other Federal
agencies, and private organizations. National Programs, headquartered in Beltsville, MD,
plans and coordinates the research programs, and five area offices carry out the day-today management of the respective programs for specific field locations.
The National Agricultural Library, the primary resource in the United States for information
on food, agriculture, and natural resources, serves as an electronic gateway to a widening
array of scientific literature, printed text, and agricultural images. The library supports the
USDA and a broad customer base of policymakers, agricultural specialists, research
scientists, and the general public. It works with other agricultural libraries and institutions to
advance open and democratic access specifically to the Nation's agricultural knowledge
and to agricultural information in general.
http://www.nal.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Agricultural Research Service, Department of
Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-3656.
Fax, 202-720-5427.

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)
The National Institute of Food and Agriculture invests in and advances agricultural
education, extension, and research to address societal challenges. The Institute works
with academic institutions, land-grant universities, and other science organizations
nationwide. With its partners and customers, NIFA promotes a global system of research,
extension, and higher education in the food and agricultural sciences and related
environmental and human sciences for the good of people, communities, and the Nation.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

The Institute collaborates with scientists, policymakers, experts, and educators in
organizations worldwide to find innovative solutions to pressing local and global problems.
Scientific discovery and application advance the competitiveness of American agriculture,
strengthen the U.S. economy, make the Nation's food supply safer, improve the nutrition
and well-being of American citizens, sustain natural resources and the environment, and
build energy independence. Partnering with other Federal science agencies, NIFA also
makes important contributions to science policy decisionmaking.
http://nifa.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Communications Staff, The National Institute of Food
and Agriculture , Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington,
DC 20250-2207. Phone, 202-720-4651. Fax, 202-690-0289.

Economic Research Service (ERS)
The Service informs and strengthens public and private decisionmaking on economic and
policy issues affecting agriculture, food, rural development, and the environment. ERS also
serves as a primary source of economic information and research in the USDA.
Using a variety of means, ERS disseminates economic information and research results. It
produces agency-published research reports, economic briefs, data products, and market
analysis and outlook reports. "Amber Waves," its award-winning online magazine features
articles on the economics of food, farming, natural resources, and rural America
(www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves). The ERS Web site allows access to all agency
products, and it connects users directly with ERS analysts. The agency delivers oral
briefings, written staff analyses, and congressionally mandated studies to executive and
legislative branch policymakers and program administrators. Its experts also write articles
for professional journals and present papers at academic conferences and meetings.
http://www.ers.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Information Services Division, Economic Research
Service, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC
20250. Phone, 202-694-5100. Fax, 202-245-4781.

National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
The National Agricultural Statistics Service prepares estimates and reports on production,
supply, price, chemical use, and other items necessary for the orderly operation of the
U.S. agricultural economy.
NAAS reports include statistics on field crops, fruits and vegetables, dairy, cattle, hogs,
sheep, poultry, aquaculture, and related commodities or processed products. Estimates
concern farm numbers, farm production expenditures, agricultural chemical use, prices
received by farmers for products sold, prices paid for commodities and services, indexes
of prices received and paid, parity prices, farm employment, and farm wage rates.
NASS prepares these estimates through a complex system of sample surveys of
producers, processors, buyers, and others associated with agriculture. Information is
gathered by mail, electronic data reporting, telephone, and personal interviews.
The Service conducts the Census of Agriculture, which is taken every 5 years and
provides comprehensive data on the agricultural economy down to the county level. It also
conducts follow-on studies on aquaculture, irrigation, horticultural energy, and organic
agriculture.
NASS performs reimbursable survey work and statistical consulting services for other
Federal and State agencies. It also helps other countries develop agricultural data systems
by offering technical assistance.
http://www.nass.usda.gov
For further information, contact the Customer Service Center, National Agricultural
Statistics Service, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington,
DC 20250-2000. Phone, 202-720-3878.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

RURAL DEVELOPMENT
The rural development mission area centers on increasing the economic opportunities of
rural Americans and improving their quality of life. To achieve these goals, the USDA
creates and fosters cooperative relationships among Government, industry, and
communities. As a capital investment bank, the USDA provides financing for rural housing
and community facilities, business and cooperative development, telephone and highspeed Internet access, and electric, water, and sewer infrastructure. Approximately 3,400
employees in 47 State offices and 477 field offices administer rural development loan and
grant programs at the local level.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_MISSION_AREAS
Advanced Biofuel Repayment Program
The program provides payments to producers to support and expand production of
advanced biofuels refined from sources other than corn kernel starch.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/advanced-biofuel-payment-program
Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical, and Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance
Program
This program assists in the development, construction, and retrofitting of new and
emerging technologies for developing advanced biofuels, renewable chemicals, and
biobased product manufacturing by giving loan guarantees.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/biorefinery-renewable-chemical-and-biobasedproduct-manufacturing-assistance
Business and Industry Guaranteed Loan Program
This program creates jobs and stimulates the rural economy by financially backing rural
businesses. It bolsters the existing private credit structure through the guaranteeing of
loans for rural businesses, allowing private lenders to increase the credit that they extend.
Borrowers use loan proceeds for working capital, machinery and equipment, buildings, real
estate, and certain types of debt refinancing. A borrower may be a cooperative
organization, corporation, partnership, nonprofit corporation, Native American tribe,
federally recognized tribal group, public body, or individual.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/business-industry-loan-guarantees
Cooperative Programs
USDA Cooperative Programs is the Nation's major source for information on cooperatives.
Its library of more than 150 co-op publications—many of which are available in hardcopy,
as well as online—range from co-op primers, such as "Co-ops 101," to reports on technical
topics, such as "Tax Law for Cooperatives," to reports focusing on co-op economic theory,
such as "The Nature of the Cooperative." These publications may be accessed on the
"Publications for Cooperatives" Web page.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/all-programs/cooperative-programs
Delta Health Care Services Grant Program
This program provides financial assistance to meet ongoing health needs in the Delta
Region through cooperation among health care professionals, institutions of higher
education, research institutions, and others in the Delta Region.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/delta-health-care-services-grants
Intermediary Relending Program
This program provides capital to rural areas through low-interest and direct loans made to
nonprofit corporations, public agencies, Native American groups, and certain corporations
(intermediaries). These intermediaries establish revolving loan funds so they can relend
the money to businesses in economically and socially disadvantaged rural communities.
The process creates a source of capital that promotes job growth and economic

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

development.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/intermediary-relending-program
Repowering Assistance Program
This program funds up to 50 percent of the total eligible costs for biorefineries to install
renewable biomass systems for heating and power or to produce new energy from
renewable biomass.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/repowering-assistance-program
Rural Business Development Grant Program
This program provides grants for rural projects that promote small and emerging business
development, business incubators, employment, and related adult education programs. It
also provides grants for sustainable economic development in rural communities with
exceptional needs. Recipients use the grants to fund community- and technology-based
economic development projects, feasibility studies, leadership and entrepreneur training,
rural business incubators, and long-term business strategic planning. Eligible
organizations include Native American tribes, nonprofit corporations, and rural public
entities.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/rural-business-development-grants
Rural Business-Cooperative Service
To meet business credit needs in underserved rural areas, USDA's Rural BusinessCooperative Service provides loan guarantees, direct loans, and grants to rural
businesses, cooperatives, farmers, and ranchers, often in partnership with private sector
lenders. The following is a list and description of USDA's Rural Development business and
cooperative programs.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/about-rd/agencies/rural-business-cooperative-service
Rural Cooperative Development Grant Program
This program improves rural economic conditions by assisting individuals and businesses
in the startup, expansion or operational improvement of rural cooperatives and other
mutually-owned businesses through Cooperative Development Centers.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/rural-cooperative-development-grant-program
Rural Economic Development (RED) Loan and Grant Program
The RED Loan and Grant programs provide funding to rural projects through local utility
organizations. Under the loan program, USDA gives zero-interest loans that local utilities
pass through to local businesses for projects that create and retain employment in rural
areas. Under the grant program, USDA gives grant funds to local utility organizations that
use them to establish revolving loan funds.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/rural-economic-development-loan-grant-program
Rural Energy for America Program
Grant recipients assist rural small businesses and agricultural producers by conducting
and promoting energy audits and assisting in the development of renewable energy.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/rural-energy-america-program-energy-auditrenewable-energy-development-assistance
Rural Housing Programs
USDA Rural Development improves the quality of life in rural America. Its Rural Housing
Service offers loans, grants, and loan guarantees to support essential services such as
housing, economic development, health care, first-responder equipment and personnel,
and water, electric and communications infrastructure. It also helps rural residents buy or
rent safe and affordable housing, and make home repairs to improve safety and to create
healthier living environments.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

http://www.rd.usda.gov/about-rd/agencies/rural-housing-service
Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program
This program makes loans and gives grants to Microenterprise Development
Organizations. These organizations then provide microloans for microenterprise startups
and growth through a rural microloan revolving fund. They also offer training and technical
assistance to microloan borrowers and microentrepreneurs.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/rural-microentrepreneur-assistance-program
Rural Utilities Programs
USDA Rural Development strengthens rural economies and makes life better for
Americans living in rural areas. Its Rural Utilities Service administers programs that
provide infrastructure or infrastructure improvements to nonurban communities. These
programs include water and waste treatment and electric power and telecommunications
services. Utilities programs connect residents to the global community and its economy by
increasing access to broadband and 21st-century telecommunications services, funding
sustainable renewable energy development and conservation, financing reliable and
affordable electric systems, working to integrate electric smart grid technologies, and
developing reliable and affordable rural water and wastewater systems.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/about-rd/agencies/rural-utilities-service
Socially-Disadvantaged Groups Grant Program
This program gives technical assistance to small socially-disadvantaged agricultural
producers in rural areas.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/socially-disadvantaged-groups-grant
Value-Added Producer Grant Program
This program helps agricultural producers engage in value-added activities related to the
processing and marketing of bio-based, value-added products. The program is designed to
generate new products, create and expand marketing opportunities, and increase
producer income.
http://www.rd.usda.gov/programs-services/value-added-producer-grants
For further information, contact the Rural Development Legislative and Public Affairs Staff,
Department of Agriculture, Stop 0705, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC
20250-0320. Phone, 202-690-0498.

Sources of Information
Ask the Expert
This tool helps Web site visitors locate the answers to their USDA-related questions.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=ASK_EXPERT2
A–Z Index
The USDA Web site has a topical index that is arranged in alphabetical order.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=AZ_INDEX
Blog
The USDA Web site features a blog that includes contributions on conservation, energy,
food and nutrition, forestry, knowing your farmer and your food, rural development, and
other topics.
http://blogs.usda.gov
Business Opportunities
Marketing to the USDA can be a daunting task. To assist businessmen and women who
seek to sell their products and services to the agency, the USDA has collected all of the

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

necessary information and packaged it in one place—in the "Doing Business with USDA
Kit" (2005 edition).
http://www.dm.usda.gov/procurement/business/index.htm
The USDA awards over 50 percent of eligible contracting dollars to small businesses
nationwide. Information on contracting or subcontracting opportunities, attending small
business outreach events, or how to do business with the USDA is available on the "Office
of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization" Web site. Phone, 202-720-7117.
http://www.dm.usda.gov/smallbus/index.php
Career Opportunities
For information on vacant positions within the USDA and opportunities for students, recent
graduates, and veterans, visit the "Careers and Jobs" Web page.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=CAREERS
In 2016, the USDA ranked 9th among 18 large agencies in the Partnership for Public
Service's Best Places To Work Agency Rankings.
http://bestplacestowork.org/BPTW/rankings/detail/AG00
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Departmental Management oversees the USDA's FOIA program. Twenty-one USDA FOIA
officers at the mission area and agency levels work to increase Government transparency
through proactive disclosures and the use of technology.
http://www.dm.usda.gov/foia
Agency reading rooms are updated frequently and contain commonly requested records.
Information seekers should visit the relevant reading rooms before submitting a FOIA
request.
http://www.dm.usda.gov/foia/agencyfoia.htm
The FOIA public access link (PAL) is a web portal that allows information seekers to create
and submit a FOIA request and to check its status. Registration, which requires creating a
user name and password, is the first step for using PAL.
https://efoia-pal.usda.gov/palMain.aspx
Glossary
The USDA maintains a glossary of agency acronyms.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=glossary#top
Newsroom
Announcements, factsheets, reports, and statements are accessible online.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=NEWSROOM
Open Government
The USDA supports the Open Government initiative by promoting the principles of
collaboration, participation, and transparency.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=USDA_OPEN
Organic Agriculture
The USDA is committed to increasing organic agriculture. It operates many programs that
serve the growing organic sector. The USDA Organic Seal, which has been in use nearly
15 years, is a leading global standard. Visit the "Organic Agriculture" Web pages to learn

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

more.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=organic-agriculture
Instructions for becoming a certified organic operation are available online.
https://www.ams.usda.gov/services/organic-certification/faq-becoming-certified
To receive "USDA Organic Insider" updates via email, use the online subscription form.
https://visitor.r20.constantcontact.com/manage/optin/ea?
v=001tanuLSmJHqsq1D840Z7eyw%3D%3D
Organizational Chart
The USDA's organizational chart is available in Portable Document Format (PDF) for
viewing and downloading.
https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/usda-organization-chart.pdf
Plain Language
In support of the Plain Writing Act of 2010, USDA editors and writers strive to provide the
public with information that is clear, understandable, and useful in forms, instructions,
letters, notices, and publications. If a USDA document or content on the Department's
Web site is unclear or difficult to understand, contact the USDA via email.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=PLAIN_WRITING | Email:
plainlanguage@osec.usda.gov
Program Discrimination
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights investigates and resolves complaints
of discrimination in programs operated or assisted by the USDA. Information on what to
include in a letter of complaint is available online. For information on the discrimination
complaint process, contact the information research service in the Office of the Assistant
Secretary. Phone, 202-260-1026 or 866-632-9992. Federal Relay Service, 800-877-8339
(English) or 800-845-6136 (Spanish).
https://www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer | Email: CRINFO@ascr.usda.gov
Reports
Agency reports, data, and forecasts and outlooks are accessible online.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=AGENCY_REPORTS
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse for topics that
align with their interests.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navtype=FT&navid=SITE_MAP
Snarge
Birds and other animals occasionally collide with airborne aircraft and planes moving on
the ground. These collisions are called wildlife strikes, and snarge is the remaining residue
after impact. To learn about efforts to reduce wildlife strikes, visit the Animal and Plant
Health Inspection Service's (APHIS) wildlife strike Web page.
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/wildlifedamage/programs/SA_Airport/CT_Wildlife_strike
Watch the USDA's video to see how bird parts and snarge are collected, reported,
shipped, and identified.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OhJXexmmTg&list=PLF1BE3AC34367E99E

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Social Media
The USDA tweets announcements, events, and other newsworthy items on Twitter.
https://twitter.com/usda
Speakers
Contact the nearest USDA office or county extension agent. In the District of Columbia,
contact the Office of Communications, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1400
Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-4623.
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=OC_MEDIA_COMMS
Whistleblower Hotline
To file a complaint of alleged improprieties—employee misconduct, conflicts of interest,
criminal activity, mismanagement or wasteful use of funds, workplace violence—visit the
"OIG Hotline" Web page and use the "Submit a Complaint" feature. Or, contact a regional
office or the Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box
23399, Washington, DC 20026. Phone, 800-424-9121 or 202-690-1622. TDD, 202-6901202. Fax, 202-690-2474.
http://www.usda.gov/oig/hotline.htm
http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=CONTACT_US
For further information concerning the Department of Agriculture, contact the Office of
Communications, Department of Agriculture, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Washington,
DC 20250. Phone, 202-720-4623.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=OG2ACJNnHe4=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:00 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Department of Commerce
Bureau of Industry and Security
Economic Development Administration
Economics and Statistics Administration
International Trade Administration
Minority Business Development Agency
National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration
National Telecommunications and
Information Administration
National Institute of Standards and
Technology
National Technical Information Service
United States Patent and Trademark Office

SEARCH

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230
202-482-2000
http://www.doc.gov
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE

Wilbur Ross

Deputy Secretary

Bruce H. Andrews

Assistant Secretary, Administration / Chief
Financial Officer
Assistant Secretary, Legislative and
Intergovernmental Affairs

Lisa Casias
Mike Platt

Chief Information Officer

Steve Cooper

Director, Office of Business Liaison

Theodore Johnston

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic
Planning

John Ratliff

Director, Office of Public Affairs

Marni Goldberg

Director, Office of the Executive Secretariat

James Slattery

Director, Office of White House Liaison

Lauren Leonard

General Counsel

Peter Davidson

Inspector General

Peggy Gustafson

The Department of Commerce promotes the Nation's domestic and international
trade, economic growth, and technological advancement by fostering free enterprise
worldwide, supporting fair trade, compiling social and economic statistics, protecting
Earth's physical resources, granting patents and registering trademarks, and assisting
small and minority-owned businesses.
Organizational Chart
The Department of Commerce was designated as such by act of March 4, 1913 (15
U.S.C. 1501). The act reorganized the Department of Commerce and Labor, created
by act of February 14, 1903 (15 U.S.C. 1501), by transferring labor activities into a
new, separate Department of Labor.

Office of the Secretary

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

Secretary
The Secretary is responsible for the administration of all functions and authorities
assigned to the Department of Commerce and for advising the President on Federal
policy and programs affecting the industrial and commercial segments of the national
economy. The Secretary is served by the offices of Deputy Secretary, Inspector
General, General Counsel, and the Assistant Secretaries of Administration,
Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs, and Public Affairs. Other offices whose
public purposes are widely administered are detailed below.
https://www.commerce.gov/office-secretary
Business Liaison
The Office of Business Liaison directs the business community to the offices and
policy experts who can best respond to their needs by promoting proactive,
responsive, and effective outreach programs and relationships with the business
community. It also informs the Secretary and Department officials of the critical issues
facing the business community, informs the business community of Department and
administration initiatives and priorities, as well as information regarding Department
resources, policies, and programs, and provides general assistance to the business
community.
https://www.commerce.gov/os/office-business-liaison
For further information, call 202-482-1360.

Sources of Information
Business Opportunities
Contact the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. Phone, 202-4821472.
http://www.osec.doc.gov/osdbu
Data
Age and sex and citizenship data are available online and from the Personal Census
Search Unit, Bureau of the Census, National Processing Center, P.O. Box 1545,
Jeffersonville, IN 47131. Phone, 812-218-3046.
https://www.census.gov/population/age
https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/library/keywords/citizenship.html?
cssp=SERP
Economic Development Information
The Economic Development Administration maintains a clearinghouse for economic
development information on its Web site.
http://www.eda.gov
Career Opportunities
For information on internships and career opportunities throughout the Department,
visit the "Career Opportunities and Internships" Web page.
https://www.commerce.gov/page/career-opportunities-and-internships
Environment
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration conducts research and
gathers data on the atmosphere, oceans, space, and Sun, and it applies this
knowledge to science and public service: warning of dangerous weather, charting

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

seas and skies, guiding the use and protection of ocean and coastal resources, and
improving stewardship of the environment. For more information, contact the Office of
Communications, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Room 6013,
Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230. Phone,
202-482-6090. Fax, 202-482-3154.
http://www.noaa.gov
Inspector General Hotline
The Office of Inspector General promotes economy, efficiency, and effectiveness and
prevents and detects fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement in departmental
programs and operations. To file a complaint, contact the Hotline, Inspector General,
Complaint Intake Unit, Mail Stop 7886, 1401 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington,
DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-2495 or 800-424-5197. TTD, 202-482-5923 or 856-8606950. Fax, 855-569-9235.
http://www.oig.doc.gov | Email: hotline@oig.doc.gov
Publications
The Department's "Find Data" Web page features recent releases of key economic
indicators and the "Commerce Data Hub," which allows the general public to access
an abundance of data. The titles of selected publications are noted in the appropriate
sections below dealing with the operating units responsible for their issuance. These
publications and others are announced in the weekly "Business Service Checklist":
Contact the Government Publishing Office's Superintendent of Documents. Phone,
202-512-1800.
https://www.commerce.gov/economicindicators
https://www.commerce.gov/os/office-public-affairs | Email: publicaffairs@doc.gov
For further information concerning the Department of Commerce, contact the Office of
Public Affairs, Department of Commerce, Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue
NW., Room 5040, Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-3263.

BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-482-2721
http://www.bis.doc.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, INDUSTRY AND
SECURITY
Deputy Under Secretary, Industry and
Security

Eric L. Hirschhorn
Daniel O. Hill

Assistant Secretary, Export Administration

Kevin J. Wolf

Assistant Secretary, Export Enforcement

David W. Mills

[For the Bureau of Industry and Security statement of organization, see the
Federal Registers of June 7, 1988, 53 FR 20881, and April 26, 2002, 67 FR 20630]

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) advances U.S. national security,
foreign policy, and economic objectives by ensuring an effective export control
and treaty compliance system and promoting continued U.S. strategic
technology leadership. BIS activities include regulating the export of sensitive

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

goods and technologies in an effective and efficient manner; enforcing export
control, antiboycott, and public safety laws; cooperating with and assisting
other countries on export control and strategic trade issues; assisting U.S.
industry to comply with international arms control agreements; monitoring the
viability of the U.S. defense industrial base; evaluating the effects on national
security of foreign investments in U.S. companies; and supporting continued
U.S. technology leadership in industries that are essential to national security.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/about-bis
Export Administration
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Export Administration is responsible
for export licenses, treaty compliance, treaty obligations relating to weapons of
mass destruction, and the defense industrial and technology base. The Office
regulates the export of dual-use items requiring licenses for national security,
nonproliferation, foreign policy, and short supply; ensures that approval or
denial of license applications is consistent with economic and security
concerns; promotes an understanding of export control regulations within the
business community; represents the Department in interagency and
international forums relating to export controls, particularly in multilateral
regimes; monitors the availability of industrial resources of national defense;
analyzes the impact of export controls on strategic industries; and assesses
the security consequences of certain foreign investments.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/regulations/export-administration-regulations-ear
Export Enforcement
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement enforces dualuse export controls. This enables exporters to take advantage of legal export
opportunities while ensuring that illegal exports will be detected and either
prevented or investigated and sanctioned. The Office also ensures prompt,
aggressive action against restrictive trade practices; and conducts cooperative
enforcement activities on an international basis. Export Enforcement also
enforces U.S. antiboycott laws and regulations by advising U.S. exporters on
potential prohibited requests contained in foreign contracts; investigating
violations such as the furnishing of boycott-related information, refusing to deal
with blacklisted businesses; and pursuing criminal and administrative
sanctions for violations.
Contact information for the nine export enforcement field offices is available on
the "Investigations" Web page.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/enforcement/oee/investigations
Management and Policy Coordination
The Management and Policy Coordination (MPC) unit establishes and
evaluates the Bureau's overall policy agenda, priorities, goals, unit objectives,
and key metrics. MPC performs oversight of program operations and
expenditures; executes or supervises the President's Management Agenda;
and adjudicates appeals of licensing and enforcement decisions as part of an
extended legal process involving administrative law judges and the Office of
General Counsel. MPC provides guidance and coordination for the Bureau's
participation in the Export Control and Related Border Security Assistance
Program, which provides technical assistance to strengthen the export and
transit control systems of nations that are identified as potential locations for
the exporting of weapons of mass destruction, missile delivery systems, or the
commodities, technologies, and equipment that can be used to design and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

build them.

Sources of Information
Business Information
U.S. business information—export news, updates to Export Administration
Regulations, export license and enforcement information, compliance and
training information, Bureau program information, e-FOIA information, export
seminar event schedules, and Denied Persons List information—is available
on the Bureau's Web site.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/about-bis/newsroom
Employment
BIS career opportunities are posted on USAJobs, a free web-based job board
that serves as the Federal Government's official source of Federal job listings
and employment opportunity information.
https://my.usajobs.gov
Enforcement
For enforcement-related questions, contact the partnership-in-security hotline.
Phone, 800-424-2980.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/component/rsform/form/14-reporting-violationsform?task=forms.edit
Outreach / Education
The Outreach and Educational Services Division has offices in Washington,
DC (phone, 202-482-4811); Irvine, CA (phone, 949-660-0144); and San Jose,
CA (phone, 408-998-8806).
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/program-offices
Publications
Publications available on the Bureau's Web site include the BIS's Annual
Report to Congress, the guidance on the Commerce Department’s Reexport
Controls, and the Exporter User Manual and Licensing FAQ.
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/about-bis/newsroom/publications
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/about-bis/newsroom
Rules
Subscribers to the Export Administration Regulations can stay informed of the
latest rules. Subscriptions typically cost $199 per year. Phone, 301-208-0700
(ext. 112).
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/regulations/order-a-hard-copy-of-the-ear | Email:
pubs@ocr-inc.com
http://www.bis.doc.gov/index.php/about-bis/contact-bis
For further information, contact the Bureau of Industry and Security, Office of
Public Affairs, Room 3895, Fourteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.,
Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-2721.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

202-482-5081
http://www.eda.gov
ASSISTANT SECRETARY, ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
Deputy Assistant Secretary, Economic
Development

Jay Williams
Matthew Erskine

The Economic Development Administration (EDA) was created in 1965 under
the Public Works and Economic Development Act (42 U.S.C. 3121) as part of
an effort to target Federal resources to economically distressed areas and to
help develop local economies in the United States. It was mandated to assist
rural and urban communities that were outside the mainstream economy and
that lagged in economic development, industrial growth, and personal income.
EDA provides grants to States, regions, and communities nationwide to
generate wealth and minimize poverty by promoting an attractive business
environment for private capital investment and higher skill, higher wage jobs
through capacity building, planning, infrastructure, research grants, and
strategic initiatives. Through its grant program, EDA uses public sector
resources to cultivate an environment where the private sector risks capital
and job opportunities are created.
https://www.eda.gov/about

Sources of Information
Employment
For information on career opportunities, visit the "EDA Job Opportunities" Web
page.
http://www.eda.gov/careers
Newsroom
The online newsroom features blog posts, press releases, an archive of
newsletters, and the latest media.
https://www.eda.gov/news
Regional Offices
Contact information for the Administration's six regional offices—Atlanta,
Austin, Chicago, Denver, Philadelphia, Seattle—is available on the "Contact"
Web page.
http://www.eda.gov/contact
https://www.eda.gov
For further information, contact the Economic Development Administration,
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-5081. Fax,
202-273-4781.

ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS ADMINISTRATION
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-482-3727
http://www.esa.doc.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, ECONOMIC

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

AFFAIRS

Justin Antonipillai

Deputy Under Secretary, Economic Affairs

Kenneth A. Arnold

Chief Economist

Ellen Hughes-Cromwick

Director, Bureau of Economic Analysis

Brian C. Moyer

Director, Bureau of the Census

John H. Thompson

The Economics and Statistics Administration (ESA), headed by the Under
Secretary for Economic Affairs, has three principal components: the Office of
the Chief Economist, the Bureau of the Census, and the Bureau of Economic
Analysis. ESA develops policy options, analyzes economic developments,
manages economic data systems, and produces a major share of U.S.
economic and demographic statistics, including the national economic
indicators. The Under Secretary is the chief economic adviser to the Secretary
and provides leadership and executive management for the Office of the Chief
Economist and the Bureaus of Economic Analysis and of the Census.
http://www.esa.gov/content/about-economics-statistics-administration

Bureau of Economic Analysis
[For the Bureau of Economic Analysis statement of organization, see the
Federal Register of Dec. 29, 1980, 45 FR 85496]
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) provides the most accurate, relevant,
and timely economic accounts data in an objective and cost-effective manner.
BEA's economic statistics offer a comprehensive picture of the U.S. economy.
BEA prepares national, regional, industry, and international accounts that
present essential information on such issues in the world economy.
BEA's national economic statistics provide a comprehensive look at U.S.
production, consumption, investment, exports and imports, and income and
saving. The international transactions accounts provide information on trade in
goods and services (including the balance of payments and trade), investment
income, and government and private finances. In addition, the accounts
measure the value of U.S. international assets and liabilities and direct
investment by multinational companies.
The regional accounts provide data on total and per capita personal income by
region, State, metropolitan area, and county, and on gross State product. The
industry economic account provides a detailed view of the interrelationships
between U.S. producers and users and the contribution to production across
industries.
http://www.bea.gov
| Email: customerservice@bea.gov
For further information, contact the Public Information Office, Bureau of
Economic Analysis, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Phone,
202-606-9900. Fax, 202-606-5310.

Bureau of the Census
[For the Bureau of the Census statement of organization, see the Federal
Register of Sept. 16, 1975, 40 FR 42765]
The Bureau of the Census was established as a permanent office by act of
March 6, 1902 (32 Stat. 51). The major functions of the Census Bureau are
authorized by the Constitution, which provides that a census of population
shall be taken every 10 years, and by laws codified as title 13 of the United

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

States Code. The law also provides that the information collected by the
Census Bureau from individual persons, households, or establishments be
kept strictly confidential and be used only for statistical purposes.
The Census Bureau is responsible for the decennial censuses of population
and housing; the quinquennial censuses of State and local governments,
manufacturers, mineral industries, distributive trades, construction industries,
and transportation; current surveys that provide information on many of the
subjects covered in the censuses at monthly, quarterly, annual, or other
intervals; compilation of current statistics on U.S. foreign trade, including data
on imports, exports, and shipping; special censuses at the request and
expense of State and local government units; publication of estimates and
projections of the population; publication of current data on population and
housing characteristics; and current reports on manufacturing, retail and
wholesale trade, services, construction, imports and exports, State and local
government finances and employment, and other subjects.
The Census Bureau makes available statistical results of its censuses,
surveys, and other programs to the public through the Internet, mobile
applications, and other media. The Bureau also prepares special tabulations
sponsored and paid for by data users. It also produces statistical compendia,
catalogs, guides, and directories that are useful in locating information on
specific subjects. Upon request, the Bureau makes searches of decennial
census records and furnishes certificates to individuals for use as evidence of
age, relationship, or place of birth. A fee is charged for searches.
http://www.census.gov
| Email: PIO@census.gov
For further information, contact the Public Information Office, Bureau of the
Census, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20233. Phone, 301-7633030. Fax, 301-763-3762.

Office of the Chief Economist
The economists and analysts of the Office of the Chief Economist analyze
domestic and international economic developments and produce in-depth
reports, factsheets, briefings, and social media postings. These tools cover
policy issues and current economic events, as well as economic and
demographic trends. Department of Commerce and White House
policymakers, American businessmen, State and local governments, and news
organizations worldwide rely on these tools.
http://www.esa.gov/content/chief-economist

Sources of Information
Data
Monthly and quarterly economic indicators are posted online. To receive the
most current economic indicators by email, subscribe using the online form.
http://www.esa.gov/content/indicators
https://service.govdelivery.com/accounts/USESAEI/subscriber/new
Employment
For information on employment opportunities at the Bureaus of Economic
Analysis or the Census, visit the "Working at BEA" or "Census Careers" Web
page.
http://www.bea.gov/jobs/index.htm

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

http://www.census.gov/about/census-careers.html
Publications
The BEA posts research papers, its customer guide, and the monthly journal
"Survey of Current Business" under the "Publications" section on its Web site.
The Census Bureau's most recently released publications are part of its online
library.
http://www.bea.gov/scb/index.htm
https://www.census.gov/library/publications.html
Regional Offices
Contact information for the Census Bureau's six regional offices—Atlanta,
Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia—is available on its
"Regional Offices" Web page.
http://www.census.gov/regions
http://www.esa.gov | Email: ESAwebmaster@doc.gov
For further information, contact the Economics and Statistics Administration,
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-6607.

INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-482-3917
http://www.trade.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, INTERNATIONAL
TRADE
Deputy Under Secretary, International
Trade
Assistant Secretary, Enforcement and
Compliance

Kenneth E. Hyatt, Acting
Thomas McGinty, Acting

Paul Piquado

Assistant Secretary, Global Markets /
Director General of the U.S. and Foreign

Arun M. Kumar

Commercial Service
Assistant Secretary, Industry and Analysis

Marcus D. Jadotte

[For the International Trade Administration statement of organization, see the
Federal Register of Jan. 25, 1980, 45 FR 6148]

The International Trade Administration (ITA) was established on January 2,
1980, by the Secretary of Commerce to promote world trade and to strengthen
the international trade and investment position of the United States.
The International Trade Administration (ITA) was established on January 2,
1980, by the Secretary of Commerce to promote world trade and to strengthen
the international trade and investment position of the United States. The Under
Secretary for International Trade heads the ITA, coordinating all issues
concerning trade promotion, international commercial policy, market access,
and trade law enforcement. The Administration is responsible for U.S.
Government nonagricultural trade operations, and it supports the U.S. Trade
Representative's efforts to negotiate trade policy.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

http://www.trade.gov/about.asp
Enforcement / Compliance
The Office of Enforcement and Compliance defends American industry against
injurious and unfair trade practices by administering U.S. antidumping and
countervailing duty trade laws. The Office also ensures the proper
administration of foreign trade zones and advises the Secretary on
establishment of new ones; oversees the administration of the Department's
textiles program; and administers programs governing watch assemblies and
other statutory import programs.
http://www.trade.gov/enforcement
Global Markets
The Global Markets unit assists and advocates for U.S. businesses in
international markets. Relying on a network of trade promotion and policy
professionals located in over 70 countries and 100 U.S. locations, the unit
promotes U.S. exports, especially those of small and medium-sized
enterprises; advances and protects U.S. commercial interests overseas; and
attracts investment from abroad into the United States.
http://www.trade.gov/markets
Industry / Analysis
The Manufacturing and Services unit advises on domestic and international
trade and investment policies affecting the competitiveness of U.S. industry. It
also researches and analyzes manufacturing and services. Based on this
analysis and interaction with U.S. industry, the unit Secretary develops
strategies, policies, and programs to strengthen U.S. industry competitiveness
domestically and globally. The unit manages an integrated program that
includes industry and economic analysis, trade policy development and
multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade agreements for manufactured goods
and services; administers trade arrangements with foreign governments in
product and service areas; and develops and provides business information
and assistance to the United States on its rights and opportunities under
multilateral and other agreements.
http://www.trade.gov/industry

Sources of Information
Data
Trade data and export and import statistics are available online.
http://www.trade.gov/data.asp
Employment
For information on career opportunities, visit the "Jobs" Web page.
http://www.trade.gov/jobs
Publications
The ITA has an online bookstore.
http://www.trade.gov/publications
http://www.trade.gov/contact.asp
For further information, contact the International Trade Administration,
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-3917.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-482-2332
http://www.mbda.gov
NATIONAL DIRECTOR

Alejandra Y. Castillo

National Deputy Director

Albert K. Shen

[For the Minority Business Development Agency statement of organization, see
the Federal Register of Mar. 17, 1972, 37 FR 5650, as amended]

The Minority Business Development Agency was established by Executive
order in 1969. The Agency develops and coordinates a national program for
minority business enterprise.
The Agency was created to help minority businesses achieve effective and
equitable participation in the American free enterprise system and overcome
social and economic disadvantages that limited past participation. The Agency
provides policies and leadership supporting a partnership of business,
industry, and government with the Nation's minority businesses.
Business development services are provided to the minority business
community through three vehicles: the minority business opportunity
committees, which disseminate information on business opportunities; the
minority business development centers, which provide management and
technical assistance and other business development services; and electronic
commerce, which includes a Web site that shows how to start a business and
use the service to find contract opportunities.
The Agency promotes and coordinates the efforts of other Federal agencies in
assisting or providing market opportunities for minority business. It coordinates
opportunities for minority firms in the private sector. Through such public and
private cooperative activities, the Agency promotes the participation of
Federal, State, and local governments, and business and industry in directing
resources for the development of strong minority businesses.
http://www.mbda.gov/main/who-mbda/about-minority-business-developmentagency

Sources of Information
Internships
Information on student eligibility and how to apply is available online.
http://www.mbda.gov/main/intern-program
Library
An online research library serves as a repository for factsheets, reports,
statistical data, and other publications.
http://www.mbda.gov/pressroom/research-library
Newsletter
A free, monthly newsletter is accessible online.
http://www.mbda.gov/newsletter

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

Speakers
For information on scheduling a speaker for an organized event, visit the
"Speaker Request Form" Web page.
http://www.mbda.gov/main/mbda-speaker-request-form
http://www.mbda.gov/contact
For further information, contact the Office of the National Director, Minority
Business Development Agency, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC
20230. Phone, 202-482-2332.

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC
ADMINISTRATION
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-482-2985
http://www.noaa.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, OCEANS AND
ATMOSPHERE / ADMINISTRATOR
Assistant Secretary, Conservation and
Management / Deputy Administrator

Timothy Gallaudet

Christine Blackburn, Acting

Assistant Secretary, Environmental
Observation and Prediction / Deputy

Manson K. Brown

Administrator
Chief Scientist

Craig McLean

[For the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration statement of
organization, see the Federal Register of Feb. 13, 1978, 43 FR 6128]

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was formed on
October 3, 1970, by Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970 (5 U.S.C. app.).
NOAA's mission centers on environmental assessment, prediction, and
stewardship. It monitors and assesses the state of the environment to make
accurate and timely forecasts to protect life, property, and natural resources; to
promote the Nation's economic health; and to enhance its environmental
security. The agency protects America's ocean, coastal, and living marine
resources while promoting sustainable economic development.
http://www.noaa.gov/our-mission-and-vision
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
The National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service operates
the Nation's civilian geostationary and polar-orbiting environmental satellites. It
also manages the largest collection of atmospheric, climatic, geophysical, and
oceanographic data in the world. The Service develops and provides, through
various media, environmental data for forecasts, national security, and weather
warnings to protect life and property. These data are also used for energy
distribution, global food supplies development, natural resources management,
and rescuing downed pilots and mariners in distress.
http://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/about_nesdis.html
For further information, contact the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and
Information Service, 1335 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-3283.
Phone, 301-713-3578. Fax, 301-713-1249.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

National Marine Fisheries Service
The National Marine Fisheries Service supports the management,
conservation, and sustainable development of domestic and international living
marine resources and the protection and restoration of ecosystems. The
Service helps assess the stock of the Nation's multi-billion-dollar marine
fisheries, protect marine mammals and threatened species, conserve habitats,
assist trade and industry, and conduct fishery enforcement activities.
http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov
For further information, contact the National Marine Fisheries Service, 1315
East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Phone, 301-713-2239. Fax, 301713-1940.

National Ocean Service
The National Ocean Service helps balance the Nation's use of coastal
resources through research, management, and policy. The Service monitors
the health of U.S. coasts by examining how human use and natural events
affect coastal ecosystems. Coastal communities rely on the Service for
information on natural hazards so they can reduce or eliminate destructive
effects of coastal hazards. The Service assesses the damage caused by
hazardous material spills and tries to restore or replace the affected coastal
resources. The Service also protects beaches, water quality, wetlands, and
wildlife. It provides a wide range of navigational products and data that help
vessels move safely through U.S. waters, and it supplies the basic information
for establishing the latitude, longitude, and elevation framework necessary for
the Nation's mapping, navigation, positioning, and surveying activities.
http://www.nos.noaa.gov
For further information, contact the National Ocean Service, Room 13231, SSMC
4, 1305 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Phone, 301-713-3074. Fax,
301-713-4307.

National Weather Service
The National Weather Service (NWS) provides weather, water, and climate
warnings and forecasts and data for the United States, its territories, and
adjacent waters and ocean areas. Government agencies, the private sector,
the general public, and the global community rely on NWS data and products
to protect life and property. Working with partners in Government, academic
and research institutions, and private industry, the Service responds to the
needs of the American public through its products and services. NWS data and
information support aviation, maritime activities, and other sectors of the
economy, as well as wildfire suppression. The Service also helps national
security efforts with long- and short-range forecasts, air quality and cloud
dispersion forecasts, and broadcasts of warnings and critical information over
the 800-station NOAA Weather Radio network.
http://www.weather.gov
For further information, contact the National Weather Service–Executive Affairs,
1325 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910-3283. Phone, 301-713-0675.
Fax, 301-713-0049.

Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
The Office of Marine and Aviation Operations manages the aviation safety, the
small boat, and the NOAA diving programs. It also operates a fleet of
specialized ships and aircraft that collect data and carry out research to
support NOAA's mission, the Global Earth Observation System, and the
Integrated Ocean Observing System—including flying "hurricane hunter"

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

aircraft into the most turbulent storms to collect data critical for research.
http://www.omao.noaa.gov/about.html
For further information, contact Office of Marine and Aviation Operations, Suite
500, 8403 Colesville Rd., Silver Spring, MD 20910. Phone, 301-713-7600. Fax,
301-713-1541.

Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
The Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research conducts research on air
quality and composition, climate variability and change, weather, and coastal,
marine, and Great Lakes ecosystems. The Office uses its own laboratories
and offices to run research programs in atmospheric, coastal, marine, and
space sciences, as well as relying on networks of university-based programs
across the country.
http://www.oar.noaa.gov
For further information, contact the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric
Research, Room 11458, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910.
Phone, 301-713-2458. Fax, 301-713-0163.

Sources of Information
Employment
For information on career and volunteer opportunities, contracting and
partnering, and grants, visit the "Working with NOAA" Web page.
http://www.noaa.gov/opportunities.html
Facilities
Information on NOAA facilities, programs, and activities nationwide is available
on the "NOAA in Your State and Territory" Web page.
http://www.legislative.noaa.gov/NIYS/index.html
News
News and features—explainers, stories, and videos—are available online.
http://www.noaa.gov/news-features
Weather
The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards network broadcasts continuous
weather information nationwide from the nearest National Weather Service
office. The network broadcasts official Weather Service forecasts, warnings,
watches, and other hazard information around the clock every day.
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr
http://www.noaa.gov/media.html
For further information, contact the Office of Communications and External
Affairs, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of
Commerce, Washington, DC 20230. Phone, 202-482-6090. Fax, 202-482-3154.

NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND
INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION
Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230
202-428-1840
http://www.ntia.doc.gov
ASSISTANT SECRETARY,

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION Lawrence E. Strickling
/ ADMINISTRATOR
Deputy Assistant Secretary,
Communications and Information

Angela Simpson

[For the National Telecommunications and Information Administration
statement of organization, see the Federal Register of June 5, 1978, 43 FR
24348]

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) was
established in 1978 by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1977 (5 U.S.C. app.) and
Executive Order 12046 of March 27, 1978 (3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 158), by
combining the Office of Telecommunications Policy of the Executive Office of
the President and the Office of Telecommunications of the Department of
Commerce to form a new agency reporting to the Secretary of Commerce.
NTIA operates under the authority of the National Telecommunications and
Information Administration Organization Act (47 U.S.C. 901).
NTIA serves as the principal executive branch adviser to the President on
telecommunications and information policy; develops and presents U.S. plans
and policies at international communications conferences and related
meetings; prescribes policies for and manages Federal use of the radio
frequency spectrum; serves as the principal Federal telecommunications
research and engineering laboratory—NTIA's Institute for Telecommunication
Sciences; promotes broadband deployment and adoption through
BroadbandUSA (www2.ntia.doc.gov); and assists the First Responder Network
Authority (www.firstnet.gov) develop and operate a nationwide broadband
network dedicated to public safety.
https://www.ntia.doc.gov/about

Sources of Information
Employment
To see current NTIA career opportunities on USAJobs, click on the link below,
scroll down, and select "NTIA Jobs."
https://www.ntia.doc.gov/about
Publications
Since 1954, NTIA and its predecessors have published several hundred
technical reports and memoranda, special publications, contractor reports, and
other information products. For more information, call the Office of Spectrum
Management in Washington, DC, at 202-482-1850. Or, contact the
publications officer at the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences–
Department of Commerce, 325 Broadway, MC ITS.D, Boulder, CO 80305.
Phone, 303-497-3572.
https://www.ntia.doc.gov/publications
Speakers
A speaker request form is available online.
https://www.ntia.doc.gov/webform/speaker-request
Telecommunications Research
For information on telecommunications research and engineering services,
visit the "Institute for Telecommunication Sciences" Web page. Phone, 303-

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

497-3571.
http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov | Email: info@its.bldrdoc.gov
https://www.ntia.doc.gov/contact
For further information, contact the National Telecommunications and
Information Administration, Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230.
Phone, 202-482-1551.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND
TECHNOLOGY
100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD 20899
301-975-2000
http://www.nist.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, STANDARDS AND
TECHNOLOGY / DIRECTOR

Willie E. May

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) operates under the
authority of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C.
271), which amends the Organic Act of March 3, 1901 (ch. 872), which created
the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in 1901. In 1988, the Congress
renamed NBS as NIST and expanded its activities and responsibilities.
http://www.nist.gov/timeline.cfm
NIST is a nonregulatory Federal agency within the Department of Commerce.
To carry out its mission, NIST relies on research laboratories, user facilities,
innovative manufacturing programs, and its participation in collaborative
institutes and centers. NIST research laboratories conduct world-class
research to advance the Nation's technological infrastructure and help U.S.
companies improve products and services. The Baldrige Performance
Excellence Program (www.nist.gov/baldrige) also helps them and other
organizations increase operational performance and quality. NIST user
facilities include the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology
(www.nist.gov/cnst) and NIST Center for Neutron Research
(www.ncnr.nist.gov).
http://www.nist.gov/programs-projects.cfm

Sources of Information
Employment
For information on career opportunities, visit the "Careers at NIST" Web page.
http://www.nist.gov/ohrm/careers.cfm
Publications
The "Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and
Technology" and other publications are available online.
http://www.nist.gov/nvl/nist_publications.cfm
http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/contact.cfm | Email: inquiries@nist.gov
For further information, contact the National Institute of Standards and
Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Mail Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070.
Phone, 301-975-6478. Fax, 301-926-1630.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

NATIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE
5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA 22312
703-605-6050
888-584-8332
http://www.ntis.gov
DIRECTOR

Avi Bender

The National Technical Information Service (NTIS) is the largest central
resource for business-related, engineering, Government-funded, scientific, and
technical information available. For more than 60 years, the Service has
assured businesses, Government, universities, and the public timely access to
approximately 3 million publications covering over 350 subject areas. The
Service supports the Department of Commerce's mission by providing access
to information that stimulates innovation and discovery. The Service receives
no appropriations and recovers its costs through fees charged for products and
services.
The NTIS promotes economic growth, progress, and science and information.
On behalf of the Secretary of Commerce, the Service operates a permanent
clearinghouse of scientific and technical information and makes it readily
available to industry, business, and the general public—codified as chapter 23
of Title 15 of the United States Code (15 U.S.C. 1151-1157). The Service
collects scientific and technical information; catalogs, abstracts, indexes, and
permanently archives the information; disseminates information through
electronic and other media; and provides information processing services to
other Federal agencies.
NTIS also provides information management services to other Federal
agencies to help them interact with and better serve the information needs of
their own constituents. It develops, plans, evaluates, and implements business
strategies for information management and dissemination services and
Internet-based service business opportunities for Federal agencies; uses new
and existing technologies to ensure optimal access to Government online
information services; and manages service projects using in-house capabilities
and through joint public-private partnerships. NTIS provides eTraining and
Knowledge Management, Web services and cloud computing, distribution and
fulfillment, digitization and scanning services for Federal Government
agencies.
http://www.ntis.gov/about

Sources of Information
Employment
Approximately 150 NTIS employees work in Northern Virginia. The Service
hires professionals with skills in administration, information technology, and
program management.
https://www.usajobs.gov
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
The Office of Director handles Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests.
The FOIA contact reviews, coordinates, and responds to requests within 20
days under the requirements of the Freedom of Information Act.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

http://www.ntis.gov/about/FOIA
Products
For general information or to place a telephone order, call the Customer
Contact Center, 8 a.m.–6 p.m., eastern standard time. Phone, 800-553-6847.
TDD, 703-487-4639. Fax, 703-605-6900.
http://www.ntis.gov/products | Email: info@ntis.gov
Services
To learn more about NTIS information services for Federal agencies, call the
Office of Federal Services at 703-605-6800.
http://www.ntis.gov/services | Email: obdinfo@ntis.gov
http://www.ntis.gov/about/contact
For further information, contact the National Technical Information Service,
5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA 22312. Phone, 703-605-6000 or 800-5536847.

UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK
OFFICE
600 Dulany Street, Alexandria, VA 22314
571-272-8700
http://www.uspto.gov
UNDER SECRETARY, INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY / DIRECTOR
Deputy Under Secretary, Intellectual
Property / Deputy Director

Michelle K. Lee
Russell D. Slifer

[For the Patent and Trademark Office statement of organization, see the Federal
Register of Apr. 14, 1975, 40 FR 16707]

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) was established by
the act of July 19, 1952 (35 U.S.C. 1) "to promote the progress of science and
useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive
right to their respective writings and discoveries" (U.S. Constitution Art. I, sec.
8). The commerce clause provides the constitutional basis for the registration
of trademarks.
USPTO examines and issues patents. There are three major patent
categories: utility patents, design patents, and plant patents. USPTO also
issues statutory invention registrations and processes international patent
applications.
Through the registration of trademarks, USPTO assists businessmen and
women in protecting their investments, promoting goods and services, and
safeguarding consumers against confusion and deception in the marketplace.
A trademark includes any distinctive word, name, symbol, device, or any
combination thereof adopted and used or intended to be used by a
manufacturer or merchant to identify his or her goods or services and
distinguish them from those manufactured or sold by others. Trademarks are
examined by the Office for compliance with various statutory requirements to
prevent unfair competition and consumer deception.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

In addition to the examination of patent and trademark applications, issuance
of patents, and registration of trademarks, USPTO advises and assists
government agencies and officials in matters involving all domestic and global
aspects of intellectual property. USPTO also promotes an understanding of
intellectual property protection.
USPTO provides public access to patent, trademark, and related scientific and
technical information. Patents and trademarks may be reviewed and searched
online or at designated Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries. There are
80 Patent and Trademark Depository Libraries located within the United States
and Puerto Rico. Additionally, USPTO's Scientific and Technical Information
Center in Alexandria, VA, houses over 120,000 volumes of scientific and
technical books in various languages; 90,000 bound volumes of periodicals
devoted to science and technology; the official journals of 77 foreign patent
organizations; and over 40 million foreign patents on paper, microfilm,
microfiche, and CD–ROM.
http://www.uspto.gov/about-us

Sources of Information
Data
Monthly summaries for patents data and quarterly summaries for trademark
data are available online.
http://www.uspto.gov/learning-and-resources/statistics
Employment
Information on employment opportunities is available on the "Careers" Web
page.
http://careers.uspto.gov
Patents
Information on getting started and applying for and maintaining a patent is
available online.
http://www.uspto.gov/patent
Publications
The "Official Gazette" journal, "Inventors Eye" newsletter, and other
publications are accessible online.
http://www.uspto.gov/learning-and-resources/official-gazette
http://www.uspto.gov/learning-and-resources/newsletter-archives
http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/news-updates
Speakers
A speaker request form is available online.
http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/organizational-offices/office-chief-communicationsofficer/speaker-request-form
Trademarks
Information on getting started and applying for and maintaining a trademark is
available online.
http://www.uspto.gov/trademark

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/organizational-offices/office-chief-communicationsofficer
For further information, contact the Office of the Chief Communications Officer,
United States Patent and Trademark Office, 600 Dulany Street, Alexandria, VA
22314. Phone, 571-272-8400.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=vnIUziVHXVU=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:07 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Department of Defense
Department of the Air Force
Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
United States Marine Corps
United States Naval Academy
Defense Agencies
Defense Advanced Research Projects
Agency
Defense Commissary Agency
Defense Contract Audit Agency
Defense Contract Management Agency
Defense Finance and Accounting Service
Defense Information Systems Agency
Defense Intelligence Agency
Defense Legal Services Agency
Defense Logistics Agency
Defense Security Cooperation Agency
Defense Security Service
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Missile Defense Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Security Agency / Central Security
Service
Pentagon Force Protection Agency
Joint Service Schools
Defense Acquisition University
National Intelligence University
National Defense University
Uniformed Services University of the
Health Sciences

SEARCH

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
Office of the Secretary, The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-1155
703-545-6700
http://www.defense.gov
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE

James M. Mattis

Deputy Secretary of Defense

Patrick M. Shanahan

Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and
Logistics

James MacStravic, Acting

Under Secretary of Defense Comptroller / Chief Financial Officer

David L. Norquist

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence

Kari Bingen, Acting

Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness

Anthony M. Kurta, Acting

Under Secretary of Defense for Policy

Robert Karem, Acting

Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense Comptroller / DOD
Chief Financial Officer
Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition,
Technology and Logistics
Principal Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence

John Zangardi, Acting
(vacancy)
Todd Lowery, Acting

Principal Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (vacancy)
Principal Under Secretary of Defense for Policy

Theresa Whelan, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition

Dyke Weatherington, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security
Affairs
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Global
Security

David Helvy, Acting
David Smith, Acting
Kenneth Rapuano

Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs

Robert Karem

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Legislative Affairs

Pete Giambastiani, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Materiel
Readiness
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and
Biological Defense Programs
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Operational Energy Plans and
Programs

Kristin French, Acting
Stephanie Barna, Acting
Tom Hopkins, Acting
Thomas E. Morehouse, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness

Elizabeth Van Winkle, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering

Mary Miller, Acting

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/LowIntensity Conflict

Caryn Hollis, Acting

Chief Information Officer

John A. Zangardi, Acting

Chief Operating Officer

Steven L. Schleien

Director, Administration and Management

Michael L. Rhodes

Director, Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation

Scott Comes, Acting

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Director, Operational Test and Evaluation

David Duma, Acting

General Counsel

Paul S. Koffsky, Acting

Inspector General

Glenn A. Fine, Acting

Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs

Dana W. White

Deputy Chief Management Officer

David Tillotson III, Acting

JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF
CHAIR

Gen. Joseph F. Dunford, Jr., USMC

Vice Chair

Gen. Paul J. Selva, USAF

Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chair

CSM John W. Troxwell, USMC

Chief of Naval Operations

Adm. John Richardson, USN

Chief of Staff, Air Force

Gen. David L. Goldfein, USAF

Chief of Staff, Army

Gen. Mark A. Milley, USA

Chief of the National Guard Bureau

Gen. Joseph L. Lengyel, USAF

Commandant of the Marine Corps

Gen. Robert B. Neller, USMC

[For the Department of Defense statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 32, Chapter I,
Subchapter R]

The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war and protect national security. Under the
President, the Secretary of Defense directs and exercises authority and control over the separately organized Departments
of the Air Force, the Army, and the Navy; over the Joint Chiefs of Staff; over the combatant commands; and over defense
agencies and field activities.
Organizational Chart
The National Security Act Amendments of 1949 redesignated the National Military Establishment as the Department of
Defense (DOD) and established it as an executive department (10 U.S.C. 111) headed by the Secretary of Defense.
Structure
The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; the military departments and the
military services within those departments; the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff; the combatant
commands; the defense agencies; DOD field activities; and such other offices, agencies, activities, and commands as may
be established or designated by law or by the President or the Secretary of Defense.
Each military department is separately organized under its own Secretary and functions under the authority, direction, and
control of the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of each military department is responsible to the Secretary of Defense
for the operation and efficiency of his department. Orders to the military departments are issued through the Secretaries of
these departments or their designees, by the Secretary of Defense, or under authority specifically delegated in writing by
the Secretary of Defense or provided by law.
The commanders of the combatant commands are responsible to the President and the Secretary of Defense for
accomplishing the military missions assigned to them and exercising command authority over forces assigned to them. The
operational chain of command runs from the President to the Secretary of Defense, to the commanders of the combatant
commands. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff functions within the chain of command by transmitting the orders of
the President or the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the combatant commands.

Office of the Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Defense
The Secretary of Defense is the principal defense policy adviser to the President and is responsible for the formulation of
general defense policy and policy related to DOD and for the execution of approved policy. Under the direction of the
President, the Secretary exercises authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense.
http://www.defense.gov/osd
Acquisition, Technology and Logistics
The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the
Secretary of Defense for all matters relating to the DOD Acquisition System; research and development; modeling and
simulation; systems engineering; advanced technology; developmental test and evaluation; production; systems
integration; logistics; installation management; military construction; procurement; environment, safety, and occupational
health management; utilities and energy management; business management modernization; document services; and
nuclear, chemical, and biological defense programs.
http://www.acq.osd.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Intelligence
The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the Secretary and Deputy
Secretary of Defense for intelligence, intelligence-related matters, counterintelligence, and security. The Under Secretary of
Defense for Intelligence supervises all intelligence and intelligence-related affairs of DOD.
Networks and Information Integration
The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration is the principal staff assistant and adviser to
the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense for achieving and maintaining information superiority in support of DOD
missions, while exploiting or denying an adversary's ability to do the same. The Assistant Secretary of Defense for
Networks and Information Integration also serves as the Chief Information Officer.
http://dodcio.defense.gov
Personnel and Readiness
The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the Secretary of
Defense for policy matters relating to the structure and readiness of the total force. Functional areas include readiness;
civilian and military personnel policies, programs, and systems; civilian and military equal opportunity programs; health
policies, programs, and activities; Reserve component programs, policies, and activities; family policy, dependents'
education, and personnel support programs; mobilization planning and requirements; language capabilities and programs;
and the Federal Voting Assistance Program. The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness also serves as
the Chief Human Capital Officer.
http://prhome.defense.gov
Policy
The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the Secretary of Defense for policy
matters relating to overall international security policy and political-military affairs and represents the Department at the
National Security Council and other external agencies involved with national security policy. The Under Secretary's areas of
activity include homeland defense; NATO affairs; foreign military sales; arms limitation agreements; international trade and
technology security; regional security affairs; special operations and low-intensity conflict; stability operations; integration of
departmental plans and policies with overall national security objectives; drug control policy, requirements, priorities,
systems, resources, and programs; and issuance of policy guidance affecting departmental programs.
http://policy.defense.gov
Special Staff
A special staff assists the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense. This special staff of assistants includes the
Assistant Secretaries of Defense for Legislative Affairs and for Public Affairs; the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller),
who also functions as the Chief Financial Officer; the General Counsel; the Inspector General; the Assistant to the
Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Oversight; the Directors of Administration and Management, of Operational Test and
Evaluation, of Business Transformation, of Net Assessment, of Program Analysis and Evaluation; and other officers whom
the Secretary of Defense determines are necessary to help carry out his or her duties and responsibilities.
http://www.defense.gov/About-DoD/Leaders

Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Joint Chiefs of Staff consist of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval
Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff is the principal military adviser to the President, the National Security Council, and the Secretary of Defense. The
other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are military advisers who may provide additional information upon request from
the President, the National Security Council, or the Secretary of Defense. They may also submit their advice when it does
not agree with that of the Chairman. Subject to the authority of the President and the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is responsible for assisting the President and the Secretary of Defense in providing strategic
direction and planning for the Armed Forces; making recommendations for the assignment of responsibilities within the
Armed Forces; comparing the capabilities of American and allied Armed Forces with those of potential adversaries;
preparing and reviewing contingency plans that conform to policy guidance; preparing joint logistic and mobility plans; and
recommending assignment of logistic and mobility responsibilities.
The Chairman, while so serving, holds the grade of general or admiral and outranks all other officers of the Armed Forces.
The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs performs duties assigned by the Chairman, with the approval of the Secretary of
Defense. The Vice Chairman acts as Chairman when there is a vacancy in the office of the Chairman or in the absence or
disability of the Chairman. The Vice Chairman, while so serving, holds the grade of general or admiral and outranks all
other officers of the Armed Forces except the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
http://www.jcs.mil
Joint Staff
The Joint Staff, under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, assists the Chairman and the other members of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff in carrying out their responsibilities.
The Joint Staff is headed by a Director who is selected by the Chairman in consultation with the other members of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff and with the approval of the Secretary of Defense. Officers assigned to serve on the Joint Staff are selected
by the Chairman in approximately equal numbers from the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

http://www.jcs.mil/About.aspx

Combatant Commands
The combatant commands are military commands with broad continuing missions maintaining the security and defense of
the United States against attack; supporting and advancing the national policies and interests of the United States and
discharging U.S. military responsibilities in their assigned areas; and preparing plans, conducting operations, and
coordinating activities of the forces assigned to them in accordance with the directives of higher authority. The operational
chain of command runs from the President to the Secretary of Defense, to the commanders of the combatant commands.
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff serves as the spokesman for the commanders of the combatant commands,
especially on the administrative requirements of their commands.
http://www.defense.gov/Sites/Unified-Combatant-Commands

Field Activities
Counterintelligence Field Activity
The DOD Counterintelligence Field Activity was established in 2002 to build a Defense counterintelligence (CI) system that
is informed by national goals and objectives and supports the protection of DOD personnel and critical assets from foreign
intelligence services, foreign terrorists, and other clandestine or covert threats. The desired end is a transformed Defense
CI system that integrates and synchronizes the counterintelligence activities of the military departments, defense agencies,
Joint Staff, and combatant commands.
Defense Health Agency
The Defense Health Agency (DHA) manages the activities of the Military Health System. It is also the market manager for
the National Capital Region enhanced Multi-Service Market, which includes Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
and Fort Belvoir Community Hospital.
http://www.dha.mil
Defense Media Activity
Defense Media Activity (DMA) gathers Defense news and information from all departmental levels and reports that news
and information to DOD audiences worldwide through American Forces Network online, radio, television, and through
publications. DMA reports news on individual airmen, marines, sailors, soldiers, and DOD civilian employees to the
American public through the Hometown News Service. DMA provides World Wide Web infrastructure and services for DOD
organizations. It collects, processes, and stores DOD imagery products created by the Department and makes them
available to the American public. It trains the Department's public affairs and visual information military and civilian
professionals. DMA also operates Stars and Stripes, a news and information organization, free of Government editorial
control and censorship, for military audiences overseas.
http://www.dma.mil
Defense Prisoner of War / Missing in Action Accounting Agency
The Defense POW / MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) provides centralized management of prisoner of war and missing
personnel affairs within the DOD. DPAA's primary responsibilities include leadership for and policy oversight over all efforts
to account for Americans still missing from past conflicts and the recovery of and accounting for those who may become
isolated in hostile territory in future conflicts. DPAA also provides administrative and logistical support to the U.S.-Russia
Joint Commission on POW / MIAs, conducts research and analysis to help resolve cases of those unaccounted for,
examines DOD documents for possible public disclosure, and maintains viable channels of communications on POW / MIA
matters between the DOD and Congress, the families of the missing, and the American public.
http://www.dpaa.mil
Defense Technical Information Center
The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is a field activity in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for
Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. It operates under the authority, direction, and control of the Director of Defense
Research and Engineering. DTIC provides defense scientific and technical information, offers controlled access to defense
information, and designs and hosts more than 100 DOD Web sites. DTIC's collections include technical reports, summaries
of research in progress, independent research and development material, defense technology transfer agreements, and
DOD planning documents.
http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/about/about.html
Defense Technology Security Administration
The Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA) is the central DOD point of contact for development and
implementation of technology security policies governing defense articles and services and dual-use commodities. DTSA
administers the development and implementation of DOD technology security policies on international transfers of defenserelated goods, services, and technologies. It does so to ensure that critical U.S. military technological advantages are
preserved, transfers that could prove detrimental to U.S. security interests are controlled and limited, weapons of mass
destruction and their means of delivery do not proliferate, diversion of defense-related goods to terrorists is prevented,
legitimate defense cooperation with foreign friends and allies is supported, and the health of the defense industrial base is
assured.
http://www.dtsa.mil/SitePages/default.aspx
Education Activity

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

The Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA) was established in 1992. It consists of two subordinate
organizational entities: the Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DODDS) and the Department of Defense
Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools (DDESS). DODEA formulates, develops, and implements
policies, technical guidance, and standards for the effective management of Defense dependents education activities and
programs. It also plans, directs, coordinates, and manages the education programs for eligible dependents of U.S. military
and civilian personnel stationed overseas and stateside; evaluates the programmatic and operational policies and
procedures for DODDS and DDESS; and provides education activity representation at meetings and deliberations of
educational panels and advisory groups.
http://www.dodea.edu/Americas
Human Resources Field Activity
The Department of Defense Human Resources Activity (DODHRA) enhances the operational effectiveness and efficiency
of a host of dynamic and diverse programs supporting the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and
Readiness. The Field Activity supports policy development, performs cutting-edge research and expert analysis, supports
readiness and reengineering efforts, manages the largest automated personnel data repositories in the world, prepares
tomorrow's leaders through robust developmental programs, supports recruiting and retaining the best and brightest, and
delivers both benefits and critical services to warfighters and their families.
http://www.dhra.mil/website/index.shtml
Office of Economic Adjustment
The Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) assists communities that are adversely affected by base closures, expansions,
or realignments and Defense contract or program cancellations. OEA provides technical and financial assistance to those
communities and coordinates other Federal agencies' involvement through the Defense Economic Adjustment Program.
http://www.oea.gov
Test Resource Management
The Test Resource Management Center (TRMC) is a DOD Field Activity under the authority, direction, and control of the
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. The Center develops policy, plans for, and assesses
the adequacy of the major range and test facility base to provide adequate testing in support of development, acquisition,
fielding, and sustainment of defense systems. TRMC develops and maintains the test and evaluation resources strategic
plan, reviews the proposed DOD test and evaluation budgets, and certifies the adequacy of the proposed budgets and
whether they provide balanced support of the strategic plan. TRMC manages the Central Test and Evaluation Investment
Program, the Test and Evaluation Science and Technology Program, and the Joint Mission Environment Test Capability
Program.
http://www.acq.osd.mil/dte-trmc
Washington Headquarters Services
Washington Headquarters Services (WHS), established as a DOD Field Activity on October 1, 1977, is under the authority
and control of the Deputy Chief Management Officer. WHS provides a range of administrative and operational services to
the Office of the Secretary of Defense, specified DOD components, the general public, and for Federal Government
activities. WHS services include contracting and procurement; data systems and information technology support; Defense
facilities, directives and records, and financial management; enterprise information technology infrastructure, human
resource, legal, library, and personnel security services; evaluation and planning functions; Pentagon renovation and
construction; and support for advisory boards and commissions.
http://www.whs.mil

Sources of Information
Budget Data
The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) sponsors a Web site that features congressional budget data pertaining
to the DOD. The DTIC posts data from each budget report once it is filed and made available on the Library of Congress'
Web site. The data are accessible in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Excel spreadsheet format.
http://www.dtic.mil/congressional_budget
Business Opportunities
Information on and resources for acquisition, business, contracting, and subcontracting opportunities are available on the
DOD's Web site.
http://www.defense.gov/Resources/Contract-Resources
The Office of Small Business Programs supports the participation of small businesses in the acquisition of goods and
services for the DOD.
http://www.acq.osd.mil/osbp
Career Opportunities
The DOD employs over 718,000 civilian personnel. For additional information on applying for DOD job opportunities,
contact Washington Headquarters Services–Human Resources Servicing Team. Phone, 614-692-0252.
https://dod.usajobs.gov

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Dictionary
The Defense Technical Information Center's Web site features the "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms,"
which is commonly called the "DOD Dictionary." The dictionary facilitates communication and mutual understanding within
the DOD, with external Federal agencies, and between the United States and its international partners by standardizing
military and associated terminology.
http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/dod_dictionary
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Approved by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966, the statute generally provides that any person has the right to request
access to Federal agency information or records. Upon receiving a written request, the Federal agency holding the desired
document or record must disclose it. Some records, however, are shielded from disclosure by one of the FOIA's nine
exemptions or three exclusions.
http://open.defense.gov/Transparency/FOIA.aspx
History
A short history of the Pentagon, from construction to completion, is available on the Pentagon Tours Office's Web site.
https://pentagontours.osd.mil/Tours/construction.jsp
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Joint Chiefs of Staff maintain a Web site.
http://www.jcs.mil
News
The DOD posts news releases on its Web site.
http://www.defense.gov/News/News-Releases
Plain Language
The DOD aims to write documents in readable English by adhering to Federal plain language guidelines.
http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/plainlanguage.html
Popular Resources
A page of popular DOD resources is available on the DOD Web site.
http://www.defense.gov/Resources
Social Media
The DOD tweets announcements and other newsworthy items on Twitter.
https://twitter.com/DeptofDefense
The DOD has a Facebook account.
https://www.facebook.com/DeptofDefense
The DOD posts videos on its YouTube channel.
https://www.youtube.com/user/DODvClips/featured
Site Index
The Web site index allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their interests.
http://www.defense.gov/Site-Index
Speakers
Civilian and military officials from the DOD are available to speak to public and private sector groups interested in defenserelated topics, including the global war on terrorism. Requests for speakers should be addressed to the Director for
Community Relations and Public Liaison, 1400 Defense Pentagon, Room 2C546, Washington, DC 20310-1400.

Today in the DOD
The "Today in the Department of Defense" Web page features contracts, news and casualty releases, photos, press
advisories, speeches, and transcripts on a daily basis.
http://www.defense.gov/Today-in-DoD
Tours
For information on guided tours of the Pentagon, contact the Pentagon Tours Office. Phone, 703-697-1776.
http://pentagontours.osd.mil | Email: osd.pentagon.pa.mbx.pentagon-tours-schedule@mail.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Web Sites
A list of DOD Web site links is available online.
http://www.defense.gov/Military-Services/DoD-Websites
An A–Z list of DOD Web site links is available online.
http://www.defense.gov/Military-Services/A-Z-List
http://www.defense.gov/Contact
For further information concerning the Department of Defense, contact the Director, Directorate for Public Inquiry and
Analysis, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, 1400 Defense Pentagon, Washington, DC 203011400. Phone, 703- 697-9312.

DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE
1690 Air Force Pentagon, Washington, DC 20330-1670
703-697-6061
http://www.af.mil
AIR FORCE SECRETARIAT
SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE

Dr. Heather A. Wilson

Under Secretary of the Air Force

Lisa S. Disbrow

Administrative Assistant

Patricia J. Zarodkiewicz

Auditor General

Daniel F. McMillin

General Counsel

Joseph M. McDade, Jr.

Information Dominance and Chief Information Officer (A6)

Lt. Gen. William J. Bender

Inspector General

Lt. Gen. Anthony J. Rock

Legislative Liaison

Maj. Gen. Steven L. Basham

Assistant Secretary, Acquisition

Darlene Costello

Assistant Secretary, Financial Management and Comptroller

Doug Bennett

Assistant Secretary, Installations, Environment, and Energy

Richard K. Hartley

Assistant Secretary, Manpower and Reserve Affairs

Daniel R. Sitterly

Deputy Under Secretary for Management

Marilyn M. Thomas

Deputy Under Secretary, International Affairs

Heidi H. Grant

Deputy Under Secretary, Space

Winston Beauchamp

Director, Air Force Small Business Programs

Mark S. Teskey

Director, Public Affairs

Brig. Gen. Edward W. Thomas, Jr.

AIR STAFF
Chief of Staff

Gen. David L. Goldfein

Vice Chief of Staff

Gen. Stephen W. Wilson

Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force

CMSAF Kaleth O. Wright

Assistant Vice Chief of Staff

Lt. Gen. Stayce D. Harris

Judge Advocate General

Lt. Gen. Christopher F. Burne

Surgeon General

Lt. Gen. Mark A. Ediger

Chief of Air Force Reserve

Lt. Gen. Maryanne Miller

Chief of Chaplains

Maj. Gen. Dondi Constin

Chief of Safety

Maj. Gen. Andrew Mueller

Chief of Staff, Strategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration
(A10)
Chief Scientist
Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Surveillance and

Lt. Gen. Jack Weinstein
Greg L. Zacharias

Lt. Gen. VeraLinn Jamieson

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Reconnaissance (A2)
Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics, Engineering and Force
Protection (A4)
Deputy Chief of Staff, Manpower, Personnel and Services (A1)

Lt. Gen. John B. Cooper
Lt. Gen. Gina Grosso

Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Plans and Requirements (A3) Lt. Gen. Mark C. Nowland
Deputy Chief of Staff, Strategic Plans and Programs (A5/8)

Lt. Gen. Jerry D. Harris, Jr.

Director, Air Force Sexual Assault Prevention and Response

Maj. Gen. James C. Johnson

Director, Air National Guard

Lt. Gen. L. Scott Rice

Director, History and Museums Policies and Programs

Walter A. Grudzinskas

Director, Studies and Analyses, Assessments (A9)

Kevin E. Williams

Director, Test and Evaluation

Devin Cate

MAJOR COMMANDS
Air Combat Command

Gen. James M. Holmes

Air Education and Training Command

Lt. Gen. Darryl L. Roberson

Air Force Global Strike Command

Gen. Robin Rand

Air Force Materiel Command

Gen. Ellen M. Pawlikowski

Air Force Reserve Command

Lt. Gen. Maryanne Miller

Air Force Space Command

Gen. John W. Raymond

Air Force Special Operations Command

Lt. Gen. Marshall B. Webb

Air Mobility Command

Gen. Carlton D. Everhart II

Pacific Air Forces

Gen. Terrence J. O'Shaughnessy

U.S. Air Forces in Europe

Gen. Tod D. Wolters

The Department of the Air Force defends the United States by providing air, space, and cyberspace capabilities.
Organizational Chart
The Department of the Air Force (USAF) was established as part of the National Military Establishment by the
National Security Act of 1947 (61 Stat. 502) and came into being on September 18, 1947. The National Security Act
Amendments of 1949 redesignated the National Military Establishment as the Department of Defense, established it
as an executive department, and made the Department of the Air Force a military department within the Department
of Defense (63 Stat. 578). The Department of the Air Force is separately organized under the Secretary of the Air
Force. It operates under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense (10 U.S.C. 8010). The
Department comprises the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Air Staff, and field organizations.
Secretary
The Secretary and Secretariat Staff oversee matters of organization, training, logistical support, maintenance,
welfare of personnel, administrative, recruiting, research and development, and other activities that the President or
Secretary of Defense prescribes.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/AirForceSeniorLeaders/SECAF.aspx
Air Staff
The Air Staff assists the Secretary, the Under Secretary, the Assistant Secretaries, and the Chief of Staff in carrying
out their responsibilities.
Field Organizations
The major commands, field operating agencies, and direct reporting units constitute the field organizations of the Air
Force. They are organized primarily on a functional basis in the United States and on a geographic basis overseas.
These commands are responsible for accomplishing certain phases of the Air Force's worldwide activities. They also
organize, administer, equip, and train subordinate elements to accomplish assigned missions.

MAJOR COMMANDS: CONTINENTAL U.S. COMMANDS
Air Combat Command
The Air Combat Command operates CONUS-based, combat-coded fighter and attack aircraft. It organizes, trains,
equips, and maintains combat-ready forces for rapid deployment and employment while ensuring strategic air
defense forces are ready to meet the challenges of peacetime air sovereignty and wartime air defense.
http://www.acc.af.mil
Air Education and Training Command
The Air Education and Training Command recruits, assesses, commissions, educates, and trains Air Force enlisted
and officer personnel. It provides basic military training, initial and advanced technical training, flying training, and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

professional military and post-secondary education. The Command also conducts Air Force security assistance,
joint, medical service, and readiness training.
http://www.aetc.af.mil
Air Force Global Strike Command
The Air Force Global Strike Command is responsible for the Nation's three intercontinental ballistic missile wings;
the Air Force's bomber force, including the B–1, B–2, and B–52 wings; the Long Range Strike Bomber program; and
operational and maintenance support to organizations within the nuclear enterprise.
http://www.afgsc.af.mil
Air Force Materiel Command
The Air Force Materiel Command delivers expeditionary capabilities through research, development, test,
evaluation, acquisition, modernization, and sustainment of aerospace weapon systems throughout their life cycles.
Those weapon systems include Air Force fighter, bomber, cargo, and attack fleets and armament. They also include
net-centric command and control assets; intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance assets; and combat support
information systems. The command oversees basic research and development that support air, space, and
cyberspace capabilities. The command relies on an integrated, efficient life cycle management approach to ensure
the best possible support to warfighters.
http://www.afmc.af.mil
Air Force Reserve Command
The Air Force Reserve Command provides the Air Force with approximately 14 percent of the total force and
approximately 4 percent of the manpower budget. Reservists support air, space, and cyberspace superiority;
command and control; global integrated intelligence surveillance reconnaissance; global precision attack; nuclear
deterrence operations; special operations; rapid global mobility; and personnel recovery. They also perform aircraft
flight testing, space operations, and aerial port operations, as well as communications, civil engineer, military
training, mobility support, security forces, services, and transportation missions.
http://www.afrc.af.mil
Air Force Space Command
The Air Force Space Command provides space and cyberspace capabilities such as missile warning, space control,
spacelift, satellite operations, and designated cyberspace activities.
http://www.afspc.af.mil
Air Force Special Operations Command
The Air Force Special Operations Command provides the air component of U.S. Special Operations Command. The
command deploys specialized air power and delivers special operations combat power wherever and whenever
needed. It provides agile combat support, combat search and rescue, information warfare, precision aerospace fires,
psychological operations, and specialized aerospace mobility and refueling to unified commands.
http://www.afsoc.af.mil
Air Mobility Command
The Air Mobility Command provides airlift, air refueling, special air missions, and aeromedical evacuation for U.S.
forces. It also airlifts forces to theater commands to support wartime tasking.
http://www.amc.af.mil

MAJOR COMMANDS: OVERSEAS COMMANDS
Pacific Air Forces
The Pacific Air Forces deliver rapid and precise air, space, and cyberspace capabilities to protect the United States,
its territories, and its allies and partners; provide integrated air and missile warning and defense; promote
interoperability throughout the Pacific area of responsibility; maintain strategic access and freedom of movement
across all domains; and posture to respond across the full spectrum of military contingencies to restore regional
security.
http://www.pacaf.af.mil
U.S. Air Forces in Europe
The U.S. Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) execute the Air Force, European Command, and Africa Command missions
with forward-based air power and infrastructure to conduct and enable theater and global operations. The USAFE
direct air operations in a theater that spans three continents, covers more than 19 million square miles, contains 104
independent states, produces more than a quarter of the world's gross domestic product, and comprises more than
a quarter of Earth's population.
http://www.usafe.af.mil

FIELD OPERATING AGENCIES
Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation
The Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation provides seamless integration of cross-functional live, virtual, and
constructive operational training environments that allow war fighters to maximize performance and optimize

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

decisionmaking. The agency works with combatant commands, major commands, the Air Force Reserve Command,
the Air National Guard, the Air Force headquarters, direct reporting units, and field operating agencies to provide the
necessary development and implementation standards for common access and interoperability within the live,
virtual, and constructive domains for efficient and secure global operations.
http://www.afams.af.mil
Air Force Audit Agency
The Air Force Audit Agency provides all levels of Air Force management with independent, objective, and quality
audit services by reviewing and promoting operational economy, effectiveness, and efficiency; evaluating programs
and activities to achieve intended results; and assessing and improving financial reporting.
http://www.afaa.af.mil
Air Force Cost Analysis Agency
The Air Force Cost Analysis Agency performs nonadvocate cost analyses for major space, aircraft, and information
system programs. The agency supports the departmentwide cost analysis program by developing and maintaining
cost-estimating tools, techniques, and infrastructure. It provides guidance, analytical support, quantitative risk
analyses, and special studies to improve long-range planning, force structure, analysis of alternatives, and lifecycle
cost analyses.
Air Force Flight Standards Agency
The Air Force Flight Standards Agency performs worldwide inspection of airfields, navigation systems, and
instrument approaches. It provides flight standards to develop Air Force instrument requirements and certifies
procedures and directives for cockpit display and navigation systems. It also provides air traffic control and airlift
procedures and evaluates air traffic control systems and airspace management procedures.
Air Force Historical Research Agency
The Air Force Historical Research Agency serves as a repository for Air Force historical records and maintains
research facilities for scholars and the general public.
http://www.afhra.af.mil/index.asp
Air Force Inspection Agency
The Air Force Inspection Agency provides independent inspection, evaluation, oversight, training and analysis to
improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Air Force.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/224/Article/104564/air-force-inspection-agency.aspx
Air Force Legal Operations Agency
The Air Force Legal Operations Agency includes all senior defense, senior trial, appellate defense, and Government
counsel in the Air Force, as well as all Air Force civil litigators who defend the Air Force against civil lawsuits that
claim damages and seek other remedies in contracts, environmental, labor, and tort litigation.
Air Force Manpower Analysis Agency
The Air Force Manpower Analysis Agency provides analysis and develops tools for helping Air Force and
Department of Defense senior leaders make decisions affecting total force manpower requirements. The agency
supports the Under Secretary of the Air Force for Management's efforts to improve processes and carries out
departmentwide transformation initiatives. It also oversees human capital planning and training to develop and
sustain manpower-specific capabilities at adequate levels.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/224/Article/104598/air-force-manpower-agency.aspx
Air Force Medical Operations Agency
The Air Force Medical Operations Agency assists the Air Force Surgeon General in developing plans, programs,
and policies for aerospace medicine, bioenvironmental engineering, clinical investigations, family advocacy, health
promotion, military public health, quality assurance, radioactive material management, and the medical service.
http://www.airforcemedicine.af.mil/afmoa
Air Force Medical Support Agency
The Air Force Medical Support Agency provides consultative support and policy development for the Air Force
Surgeon General in medical force management. It also supports ground and air expeditionary medical capabilities
used in global, homeland security, and force health protection, as well as all aspects of medical and dental services,
aerospace medicine operations, and medical support functions.
Air Force Mortuary Affairs Operations
The Air Force Mortuary Affairs Operations, a field operating agency of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Manpower,
Personnel and Services, works to support the entire Department of Defense and other Federal entities ensuring
dignity, honor and respect to the fallen, and care, service, and support to their families.
http://www.mortuary.af.mil
Air Force Office of Special Investigations
The Air Force Office of Special Investigations identifies, exploits, and neutralizes criminal, terrorist, and intelligence

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

threats to the U.S. Air Force, Department of Defense, and U.S. Government. Its primary responsibilities are criminal
investigations and counterintelligence services. It also protects critical technologies and information, detects and
mitigates threats, provides global specialized services, conducts major criminal investigations, and offensively
engages foreign adversaries and threats.
http://www.osi.af.mil
Air Force Operations Group
The Air Force Operations Group collects, processes, analyzes, and communicates information, enabling situational
awareness of USAF operations worldwide. This awareness facilitates timely, responsive, and effective
decisionmaking by senior USAF leaders and combatant commanders.
Air Force Personnel Center
The Air Force Personnel Center ensures that commanders around the world have enough skilled Air Force
personnel to carry out the mission. The center also runs programs affecting the entire life cycle of military and
civilian Air Force personnel from accession through retirement.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/224/Article/104554/air-force-personnel-center.aspx
Air Force Program Executive Offices
The Air Force Program Executive Offices (PEOs) oversee the execution of a program throughout its entire lifecycle.
While the PEOs are not part of USAF headquarters, they report on acquisition and program-specific issues directly
to the Air Force Service Acquisition Executive and the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition. Air Force
PEOs are currently responsible for diverse programs in a range of areas: aircraft, command and control and combat
support systems, Joint Strike Fighter, and weapons.
http://ww3.safaq.hq.af.mil/organizations/index.asp
Air Force Public Affairs Agency
The Air Force Public Affairs Agency manages the Air Force media center. The center collects, archives, and
distributes Air Force imagery; manages licensing and branding of Air Force trademarks; provides policy guidance
and oversight for the Air Force's Web site and social media programs; operates the Air Force's official social media
program; composes original musical arrangements for Air Force regional bands; and develops training curricula and
requirements for the Air Force's nearly 6,000 public affairs practitioners.
http://www.publicaffairs.af.mil
Air Force Review Boards Agency
The Air Force Review Boards Agency manages various military and civilian appellate processes for the Secretary of
the Air Force.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets/Display/tabid/224/Article/104511/air-force-review-boards-agency.aspx
Air Force Safety Center
The Air Force Safety Center promotes safety to reduce the number and severity of mishaps. It also supports combat
readiness by developing, implementing, executing, and evaluating Air Force aviation, ground, weapons, nuclear
surety, space, and system programs.
http://www.safety.af.mil
Air National Guard Readiness Center
The Air National Guard Readiness Center performs the operational and technical tasks associated with manning,
equipping, and training Air National Guard units to meet required readiness levels.
http://www.angrc.ang.af.mil
National Air and Space Intelligence Center
The National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) assesses foreign air and space threats. It creates
integrated, predictive intelligence in the domains of air, space, and cyberspace to support military operations, force
modernization, and policymaking. NASIC analyzes data on foreign aerospace forces and weapons systems to
determine performance characteristics, capabilities, vulnerabilities, and intentions. These assessments are used to
shape national security and defense policies. NASIC personnel also play a role in weapons treaty negotiations and
verification.
http://www.nasic.af.mil

DIRECT REPORTING UNITS
Air Force District of Washington
The Air Force District of Washington supports Headquarters Air Force and other Air Force units in the National
Capital Region.
http://www.afdw.af.mil
Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center
The Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center plans and conducts test and evaluation procedures to
determine operational effectiveness and suitability of new or modified USAF systems and their capacity to meet

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

mission needs.
http://www.afotec.af.mil
U.S. Air Force Academy
The U.S. Air Force Academy provides academic and military instruction and experience to prepare future USAF
career officers. The Academy offers Bachelor of Science degrees in 31 academic majors, and upon completion,
graduates receive commissions as second lieutenants.
http://www.usafa.af.mil

Sources of Information
Employment
Members of the Air Force civilian service work side by side with active duty airmen. They are a diverse group of
professionals: contract specialists, engineers, human resources specialists, intelligence experts, mechanics,
scientists, teachers, and more.
https://afciviliancareers.com/content/home-air-force-civilian-service
Factsheets
Factsheets contain current information and statistics on Air Force careers, organizations, inventory, and equipment
—including aircraft and weapons.
http://www.af.mil/AboutUs/FactSheets.aspx | Email: DMAPublicAffairs@mail.mil
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
The Freedom of Information and Privacy Act Office manages the policy and procedural guidance for the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA), Privacy Act (PA) and Quality of Information (QIP) programs in accordance with applicable
laws.
http://www.foia.af.mil/Welcome.aspx
Links to FOIA requester service centers are available online. The service centers are grouped, by base and by
command, in two lists.
http://www.foia.af.mil/Offices
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The Air Force provides answers to FAQs on its web-site.
http://www.af.mil/Questions.aspx
History
For over a century, the Air Force has relied on the bravery and skill of American airmen to protect the United States
in the air, space, and cyberspace. An overview of that history is available online.
https://www.airforce.com/mission/history
Inspector General (IG)
The IG receives and investigates complaints of abuse, fraud, and waste involving Air Force personnel or programs.
http://www.af.mil/InspectorGeneralComplaints.aspx | Email: usaf.ighotline@mail.mil
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR)
The Air Force's web-site features a section dedicated to ISR activities and news.
http://www.af.mil/ISR.aspx
Joining the Air Force
To learn about its mission, how to join, and about educational, training, and career opportunities that enlistment
offers, visit the Air Force's recruitment Web site.
https://www.airforce.com/how-to-join
Medal of Honor
Members of the Air Force and its predecessor organizations have earned Medals of Honor. The medal is awarded
for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty.
http://www.af.mil/MedalofHonor.aspx
News
The Air Force posts announcements, art, commentaries, news items, and photos on its Web site. Air Force TV and
radio news are also accessible online.
http://www.af.mil/News.aspx | Email: DMAPublicAffairs@mail.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

"Air Force Magazine" is posted online. Beginning in January 2013, full issues are available. Beginning in November
2015, HTML5 versions are available .
http://www.airforcemag.com/MagazineArchive/Pages/default.aspx
Reading List
The Air Force Chief of Staff's annual reading list (2016) is available on the Department's Web site. An archives of
the reading list, starting with the year 2007, is also available online.
http://static.dma.mil/usaf/csafreadinglist/01_books.html
Sexual Assault
The "Sexual Assault Prevention and Response" (SAPR) Web page has information, policies, and reports on sexual
assault, as well as links leading to additional resources within the Department of Defense (DOD) community and to
external resources.
http://www.af.mil/SAPR.aspx
The "SAPR" Web page also provides access to the Safe Helpline—an anonymous, confidential, and free crisis
support service for DOD community members who have been affected by sexual assault. Phone, 877-995-5247.
https://www.safehelpline.org/about-dod-safe-helpline

Social Media
The Air Force has a blog and maintains a social media presence on Facebook, Flickr, Instagram, Twitter, and
YouTube. The Web site provides shortcuts to the different platforms as well as social media resources.
http://www.af.mil/AFSites/SocialMediaSites.aspx
Strategic Documents
The site contains various “CSAF Focus Area", and other strategic documents in Portable Document Format (PDF).
http://www.af.mil/Airpower4America.aspx
Suicide Prevention
The "Suicide Prevention" Web page promotes resources like the ACE (Ask, Care, and Escort) Card and provides
access, by phone or confidential online chat, to the Military Crisis Line. Phone, 800-273-8255.
http://www.af.mil/SuicidePrevention.aspx
Web sites
A directory of all registered Air Force Web sites is available online.
http://www.af.mil/ContactUs.aspx
For further information concerning the Department of the Air Force, contact the Office of the Director of Public
Affairs, Department of the Air Force, 1690 Air Force Pentagon, Washington, DC 20330-1670. Phone, 703-697-6061.
http://www.af.mil/ContactUs.aspx
For further information concerning the Department of the Air Force, contact the Office of the Director of Public Affairs,
Department of the Air Force, 1690 Air Force Pentagon, Washington, DC 20330-1670. Phone, 703-697-6061.

EDITORIAL NOTE
The Department of the Army did not meet the publication deadline for submitting updated information of its activities,
functions, and sources of information as required by the automatic disclosure provisions of the Freedom of
Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552(a)(1)(A))

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20310
703-695-6518
http://www.army.mil
EXECUTIVE OFFICE
SECRETARY OF THE ARMY

Robert Speer, Acting

Under Secretary of the Army

Karl F. Schneider, Acting

Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army

Gerald B. O'Keefe

Auditor General

Anne L. Richards

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Deputy Under Secretary of the Army

Thomas E. Hawley

Director, Small Business Programs

Tommy L. Marks

Executive Director, Army National Military Cemeteries

Patrick K. Hallinan

General Counsel

(vacancy)

Inspector General

Lt. Gen. David E. Quantock

Assistant Secretary of the Army, Acquisition, Logistics and
Technology
Assistant Secretary of the Army, Civil Works
Assistant Secretary of the Army, Financial Management /
Comptroller
Assistant Secretary of the Army, Installations, Energy and
Environment

Steffanie Easter
Jo-Ellen Darcy
Robert M. Speer
Katherine G. Hammack

Assistant Secretary of the Army, Manpower and Reserve Affairs Debra S. Wada
Chief Information Officer (G–6)

Maj. Gen. Bruce T. Crawford

Chief of Legislative Liaison

Maj. Gen. Laura E. Richardson

Chief of Public Affairs

Brig. Gen. Omar J. Jones IV

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF STAFF
Chief of Staff of the Army

Gen. Mark A. Milley

Vice Chief of Staff of the Army

Gen. Daniel B. Allyn

Director of the Army Staff

Lt. Gen. Gary H. Cheek

Vice Director of the Army Staff

Steven J. Redmann

ARMY STAFF
Sergeant Major of the Army

SMA Daniel A. Dailey

Chief of the National Guard Bureau

Gen. Joseph Lengyel

Assistant Chief of Staff, Installation Management

Lt. Gen. Gwen Bingham

Chief of Army Reserve

Lt. Gen. Charles D. Luckey

Chief of Chaplains

Maj. Gen. Paul K. Hurley

Chief of Engineers

Lt. Gen. Todd T. Semonite

Director, Army National Guard

Lt. Gen. Timothy J. Kadavy

Judge Advocate General

Lt. Gen. Flora D. Darpino

Provost Marshal General

Maj. Gen. Mark S. Inch

Surgeon General

Lt. Gen. Nadja Y. West

DEPUTY CHIEFS OF STAFF
Financial Management (G–8)

Lt. Gen. John M. Murray

Intelligence (G–2)

Lt. Gen. Robert P. Ashley, Jr.

Logistics (G–4)

Lt. Gen. Gustave F. Perna

Operations (G–3/5/7)

Lt. Gen. Joseph Anderson

Personnel (G–1)

Lt. Gen. James C. McConville

COMMANDS
COMMANDING GENERALS
U.S. Army Forces Command

Gen. Robert B. Abrams

U.S. Army Materiel Command

Gen. Gustave F. Perna

U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command

Gen. David G. Perkins

ARMY SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

COMMANDING GENERALS
U.S. Army Africa / Southern European Task Force

Maj. Gen. Joseph P. Harrington

U.S. Army Central

Lt. Gen. Michael X. Garrett

U.S. Army Europe

Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges

U.S. Army North

Lt. Gen. Jeffrey S. Buchanan

U.S. Army Pacific

Gen. Robert B. Brown

U.S. Army South

Maj. Gen. Clarence K.K. Chinn

U.S. Army Military Surface Deployment and Distribution
Command
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army
Strategic Command
U.S. Army Special Operations Command

Maj. Gen. Susan A. Davidson
Lt. Gen. David L. Mann
Lt. Gen. Kenneth E. Tovo

DIRECT REPORTING UNITS
Commandant, U.S. Army War College

Maj. Gen. William E. Rapp

Commander, Second Army

Lt. Gen. Edward C. Cardon

Commander, U.S. Army Accessions Support Brigade

Col. Janet R. Holliday

Director, U.S. Army Acquisition Support Center

Craig A. Spisak

Executive Director, Arlington National Cemetery

Patrick K. Hallinan

Superintendent, U.S. Military Academy

Lt. Gen. Robert L. Caslen, Jr.

COMMANDING GENERALS
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Lt. Gen. Todd T. Semonite

U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command

Maj. Gen. Mark S. Inch

U.S. Army Installation Management Command

Lt. Gen. Kenneth R. Dahl

U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command

Maj. Gen. Christopher S. Ballard

U.S. Army Medical Command

Lt. Gen. Nadja Y. West

U.S. Army Military District of Washington

Maj. Gen. Bradley A. Becker

U.S. Army Reserve Command

Lt. Gen. Charles D. Luckey

U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command

Maj. Gen. Daniel L. Karbler

The Department of the Army equips, organizes, and trains active duty and reserve forces to maintain peace and
security and to defend the Nation; administers programs to mitigate erosion and flooding, to develop water
resources, to improve waterway navigation, and to protect the environment; and provides military and natural
disaster relief assistance to Federal, State, and local government agencies.
Organizational Chart
The Continental Congress established the American Continental Army, now called the United States Army, on June
14, 1775, more than a year before the Declaration of Independence. The Department of War was established as an
executive department at the seat of Government by act approved August 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49). The Secretary of War
was established as its head. The National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401) created the National Military
Establishment, and the Department of War was designated the Department of the Army. The title of its Secretary
became Secretary of the Army (5 U.S.C. 171). The National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 578)
provided that the Department of the Army be a military department within the Department of Defense.

Secretary
The Secretary of the Army is the senior official of the Department of the Army. Subject to the direction, authority, and
control of the President as Commander in Chief and of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army is
responsible for and has the authority to conduct all affairs of the Department of the Army, including its organization,
administration, operation, efficiency, and such other activities as may be prescribed by the President or the
Secretary of Defense as authorized by law.
https://www.army.mil/leaders/sa
For further information, call 703-695-2422.

Army Staff
The Army Staff is the Secretary of the Army's military staff. It makes preparations for deploying the Army, including
recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping, training, mobilizing, and demobilizing it, to support the Secretary or the
Chief of Staff in his or her executive capacity; investigates and reports on the efficiency of the Army and its
preparation for military operations; acts as the agent of the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff in
coordinating the action of all organizations of the Department of the Army; and performs other nonstatutory duties
that the Secretary of the Army may prescribe.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

PROGRAM AREAS
Civil Functions
Civil functions of the Department of the Army include the administration of Arlington and the U.S. Soldiers' and
Airmen's Home National Cemeteries and the Civil Works Program—the Nation's principal Federal water resources
development activity involving dams, reservoirs, levees, harbors, waterways, locks, and other engineering
structures.
http://www.army.mil/asacw
History
This area includes advisory and coordination service provided to the Army Secretariat and staff on all historical
matters: the formulation and execution of the Army historical program, the maintenance of the organizational history
of Army units, the preparation and publication of histories that the Army requires, and historical properties.
http://www.history.army.mil
| Email: usarmy.mcnair.cmh.mbx.answers@mail.mil
Installations
This area consists of policies, procedures, and resources for the management of installations to ensure the
availability of efficient and affordable base services and infrastructure in support of military missions. It includes the
identification and validation of resource requirements, the review of facilities requirements and stationing, and
program and budget development and justification. Other activities include support for base operations; base
realignment and closure; competitive sourcing; energy security and sustainability; environmental programs; housing;
military construction; morale, recreation, and welfare; and real property maintenance and repair.
https://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/imcom
Intelligence
This area includes management of Army intelligence with responsibility for policy formulation, planning,
programming, budgeting, evaluation, and oversight of intelligence activities. The Army Staff is responsible for
monitoring relevant foreign intelligence developments and foreign disclosure; imagery, signals, human, open-source,
measurement, and signatures intelligence; counterintelligence; threat models and simulations; and security
countermeasures.
https://www.army.mil/inscom/?from=org
Medical
This area includes management of health services for the Army and as directed for other services, agencies, and
organizations; health standards for Army personnel; health professional education and training; career management
authority over commissioned and warrant officer personnel of the Army Medical Department; medical research,
materiel development, testing, and evaluation; policies concerning health aspects of Army environmental programs
and prevention of disease; and planning, programming, and budgeting for Armywide health services.
https://www.army.mil/armymedicine/?from=org
Military Operations and Plans
This includes Army forces strategy formation; mid-range, long-range, and regional strategy application; arms control,
negotiation, and disarmament; national security affairs; joint service matters; net assessment; politico-military affairs;
force mobilization, demobilization, and planning; programming structuring, development, analysis, requirements, and
management; operational readiness; overall roles and missions; collective security; individual and unit training;
psychological operations; information operations; unconventional warfare; counterterrorism; operations security;
signal security; special plans; equipment development and approval; nuclear and chemical matters; civil affairs;
military support of civil defense; civil disturbance; domestic actions; command and control; automation and
communications programs and activities; management of the program for law enforcement, correction, and crime
prevention for military members of the Army; special operations forces; foreign language and distance learning; and
physical security.
Reserve Components
This area includes management of individual and unit readiness and mobilization for Reserve Components, which
consist of the Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve.
https://www.army.mil/reserve/?from=org
Religious
This area includes departmentwide management of religious and moral leadership and chaplain support activities;
religious ministrations, religious education, pastoral care, and counseling for Army military personnel; liaison with
ecclesiastical agencies; chapel construction requirements and design approval; and career management of
clergymen serving in the Chaplains Corps.
http://www.army.mil/chaplaincorps

ARMY COMMANDS
U.S. Army Forces Command
Headquartered at Fort Bragg, NC, U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) prepares conventional forces to

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

provide a sustained flow of trained and ready land power to combatant commanders in defense of the Nation at
home and abroad.
https://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/forscom/?from=org
For further information, contact the FORSCOM Public Affairs Office. Phone, 910-570-7200.

U.S. Army Materiel Command
U.S. Army Materiel Command (AMC) is the Army's premier provider of materiel readiness—technology, acquisition
support, materiel development, logistics power projection, and sustainment—to the total force across the spectrum
of joint military operations. Headquartered at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, AMC's missions include the development
of weapon systems, advanced research on future technologies, and maintenance and distribution of spare parts and
equipment. AMC works closely with program executive offices, industry, academia, and other Military Services and
Government agencies to develop, test, and acquire equipment that soldiers and units need to accomplish their
missions.
https://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/amc/?from=org
For further information, contact the AMC Public Affairs Office. Phone, 256-450-7978.

U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command
Headquartered in Fort Eustis, VA, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) develops, educates, and
trains soldiers, civilians, and leaders; supports unit training; and designs, builds, and integrates a versatile mix of
capabilities, formations, and equipment to strengthen the U.S. Army as a force of decisive action.
https://www.army.mil/tradoc/?from=org
For further information, contact the TRADOC Public Affairs Office. Phone, 757-501-5876.

ARMY SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS
U.S. Army Africa / Southern European Task Force
U.S. Army Africa (USARAF) / Southern European Task Force (SETAF) is the Army service component command for
U.S. Africa Command. It supports U.S. Africa Command operations, employs Army forces as partners, builds
sustainable capacity, and supports the joint force to disrupt transnational threats and promote regional security in
Africa.
http://www.usaraf.army.mil
For further information, contact the USARAF / SETAF Public Affairs Office. Phone, 011-39-0444-71-8341 or 8342.

U.S. Army Central
U.S. Army Central (ARCENT) shapes the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility in 20 countries through
forward land power presence and security cooperation engagements that ensure access, build partner capacity, and
develop relationships. ARCENT also provides flexible options and strategic depth to the U.S. combatant commander
and sets the conditions for improved regional security and stability.
http://www.arcent.army.mil
| Email: usarmy.shaw.usarcent.mbx.public-affairs@mail.mil
For further information, contact the USARCENT Public Affairs Office. Phone, 803-885-8266.

U.S. Army Europe
U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) provides the principal land component for U.S. European Command throughout a
51-country area. As the U.S. Army’s largest forward-deployed expeditionary force, USAREUR supports NATO and
U.S. bilateral, multinational, and unilateral objectives. It supports U.S. Army forces in the European Command area;
receives and assists in the reception, staging, and onward movement and integration of U.S. forces; establishes,
operates, and expands operational lines of communication; ensures regional security, access, and stability through
presence and security cooperation; and supports U.S. combatant commanders and joint and combined
commanders.
http://www.eur.army.mil
For further information, contact the USAREUR Public Affairs Office. Phone, 011-49-611-143-537-0005 or 0006.

U.S. Army North
U.S. Army North (USARNORTH) supports U.S. Northern Command, the unified command responsible for defending
the U.S. homeland and coordinating defense support of civil authorities. USARNORTH helps maintain readiness to
support homeland defense, civil support operations, and theater security cooperation activities.
http://www.arnorth.army.mil
| Email: usarmy.jbsa.arnorth.list.pao-owner@mail.mil
For further information, contact the USARNORTH Public Affairs Office. Phone, 210-221-0015.

U.S. Army South
U.S. Army South (ARSOUTH) is the Army service component command of U.S. Southern Command. ARSOUTH
conducts security cooperation and responds to contingencies as part of a whole-of-government approach in

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

conjunction with partner national armies in the U.S. Southern Command area of responsibility, which encompasses
31 countries and 15 areas of special sovereignty in Central and South America and the Caribbean. These activities
counter transnational threats and strengthen regional security in defense of the homeland. ARSOUTH maintains a
deployable headquarters at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, where it conducts strategic and operational planning.
http://www.arsouth.army.mil
| Email: usarmy.jbsa.arsouth.mbx.pao@mail.mil
For further information, contact the ARSOUTH Public Affairs Office. Phone, 210-295-6739.

U.S. Army Pacific
U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC) prepares the force for unified land operations, responds to threats, sustains and
protects the force, and builds military relationships that develop partner defense capacity to contribute to the stability
and security of the U.S. Pacific Command area of responsibility. USARPAC commands soldiers in an area spanning
from the Northwest Coast and Alaska to the Asia-Pacific region, including Japan. Since September 11, 2001,
USARPAC soldiers have played a vital role in homeland defense for Alaska and Hawaii, Guam, and Japan, as well
as in supporting operations with our allies elsewhere in the region.
https://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/usarpac/?from=org
For further information, contact USARPAC Public Affairs. Phone, 808-438-9761.

U.S. Army Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command
U.S. Army Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) delivers world-class, origin-todestination distribution. It is the Army service component command of the U.S. Transportation Command and a
subordinate command to the Army Materiel Command. This relationship links the Transportation Command's joint
deployment and distribution enterprise with the Army Materiel Command's materiel enterprise. The SDDC also
partners with the commercial transportation industry as the coordinating link between Department of Defense
surface transportation requirements and the capability industry provides.
http://www.sddc.army.mil
For further information, contact the SDDC Public Affairs Office. Phone, 618-220-6284.

U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command / Army Strategic Command
U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command (SMDC / ARSTRAT) conducts space and missile defense
operations and provides planning, integration, control, and coordination of Army forces and capabilities in support of
U.S. Strategic Command missions. SMDC / ARSTRAT also supports space, high-altitude, and global missile
defense modernization efforts; serves as the Army operational integrator for global missile defense; and conducts
mission-related research and development to support the Army's statutory responsibilities.
http://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/smdc
For further information, contact the SMDC Public Affairs Office. Phone, 256-955-3887.

U.S. Army Special Operations Command
U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) administers, deploys, educates, equips, funds, mans,
mobilizes, organizes, sustains, and trains Army special operations forces to carry out missions worldwide, as
directed. These special and diverse military operations support regional combatant commanders, American
ambassadors, and other agencies.
https://www.army.mil/usasoc/?from=org
http://www.soc.mil
| Email: pao@soc.mil
For further information, contact the USASOC Public Affairs Office. Phone, 910-432-6005.

Sources of Information
Business Opportunities
For information on contract procurement policies and procedures, contact the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the
Army, Procurement. Phone, 703-695-2488.
http://www.micc.army.mil/contracting-offices.asp
Assistance for small businesses and minority educational institutions to increase participation in the Army
contracting program is available through the Office of Small Business Programs. Phone, 703-697-2868. Fax, 703693-3898.
http://www.micc.army.mil/small-business.asp
Cemeteries
Arlington National Cemetery is one of the two national military cemeteries that the Army maintains. This cemetery is
the final resting place for more than 400,000 active duty servicemembers, veterans, and their families. For more
information, visit its Web site or contact the cemetery. Phone, 877-907-8585.
http://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

The U.S. Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home National Cemetery is one of the two national military cemeteries that the
Army maintains. This cemetery is the final resting place for more than 14,000 veterans, including those that fought in
the Civil War. For more information, visit its Web site or contact the Superintendent. Phone, 877-907-8585.
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/national_cemeteries/district_of_columbia/us_soldiers_and_airmens_home_national_cemetery.html
Environment
Information is available from the U.S. Army Environmental Command.
https://aec.army.mil
Information is also available from the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Environment, Safety
and Occupational Health.
http://www.asaie.army.mil/Public/ESOH
The Army Environmental Policy Institute posts publications on its Web site. "Army Water Security Strategy" (DEC
2011), the results of the first comprehensive study of Army water security management, is available in Portable
Document Format (PDF). "Quantifying the Army Supply Chain Water Bootprint" (DEC 2011), an initial step to
quantify the amount of water used by suppliers to produce the goods and services that the Army procures through
the supply chain, is also available in PDF.
http://www.aepi.army.mil
Employment
More than 330,000 Army civilians work in a wide range of diverse professions. These professionals are not active
duty military, but serve as an integral part of the Army team to support the defense of the Nation.
http://armycivilianservice.com
Films
Address loan requests for Army-produced films to the Visual Information Support Centers of Army installations.
Unclassified Army productions are available for sale from the National Audiovisual Center, National Technical
Information Service, 5301 Shawnee Road, Alexandria, VA 22312. Phone, 800-553-6847.
http://www.ntis.gov/Index.aspx | Email: orders@ntis.gov
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Contact the appropriate information management officer associated with the Army installation or activity managing
the desired information. Information is also available on the Records Management and Declassification Agency's
Web site.
https://www.rmda.army.mil
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The Army posts answers to FAQs on its Web site.
https://www.army.mil/faq
Gold Star Survivors
All Gold Star family members have made a sacrifice to the Nation. The Army recognizes that no one gives more for
the Nation than a family member of the fallen. Gold Star Mother’s and Family’s Day is the last Sunday of September,
and Gold Star Spouses Day is April 5.
https://www.army.mil/goldstar
History
"Army History" magazine, the professional bulletin of Army history, is available online in Portable Document Format
(PDF).
http://www.history.army.mil/news/2016/160900a_armyHistoryMag.html
A directory of Army museums is available on the Center of Military History's Web site.
http://www.history.army.mil/museums/directory.html
The Office of Historic Properties and Partnerships raises awareness of and explores and tests creative uses for the
Army's historic buildings. Its staff also promotes partnerships between the Army and nonprofit organizations, public
or private, to preserve, renovate, and restore.
http://www.asaie.army.mil/Public/IH/OHP/ohp.htm
Joining the Army
Information on Army life, assignments, benefits, pay, and enlisting or joining in other capacities is available online.
Phone, 888-550-2769.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

http://www.goarmy.com
National Guard
The National Guard responds to domestic emergencies, counterdrug efforts, overseas combat missions,
reconstruction missions, and more. The President or a State governor can call on the Guard in a moment’s notice.
Guard soldiers hold civilian jobs or attend college while maintaining their military training on a part-time basis, and
their primary area of operation is their home state.
https://www.nationalguard.com
Public Affairs / Community Relations
For official Army and community relations information, contact the Office of the Chief of Public Affairs. Phone, 703695-0616. Automated assistance is available after normal work hours. Phone, 201-590-6575.
http://www.army.mil/info/institution/publicAffairs
Publications
To request a publication, contact either the proponent listed on the title page of the document or the information
management officer of the Army activity that publishes the desired publication. If the requester does not know which
Army activity published the document, contact the Publishing Division, Army Publishing Directorate. Phone, 703693-1557.
http://www.army.mil/media/publications
Official texts published by Headquarters, Department of the Army, are available from the National Technical
Information Service. Phone, 888-584-8332.
http://www.ntis.gov
Ranks
Descriptions of officer, warrant officer, and enlisted ranks are available on the Army Web site.
https://www.army.mil/symbols/armyranks.html
Reading List
The U.S. Army Chief of Staff's professional reading list comprises three categories—Armies at war: battles and
campaigns; the Army profession; and strategy and the strategic environment—and is accessible online.
http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/105/105-1-1/index.html
Research
The Research, Development and Engineering Command is the Army's technology leader and largest technology
developer. Its Web site features news on and resources related to long-range research and development plans for
materiel requirements and objectives. Phone, 443-395-4006 (Public Affairs) or 3922 (Media Relations).
http://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/rdecom
Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)
Available at over 1,100 colleges and universities nationwide, the ROTC offers merit-based scholarships that can
cover the full cost of tuition and open educational opportunities.
http://www.goarmy.com/rotc.html
Site Index
The Army's Web site features an A–Z index.
https://www.army.mil/info/a-z
Specialized Careers
Information on how to become an Army chaplain, the chaplain candidate program, and chaplain corps careers and
jobs is available online and from the U.S. Army Recruiting Command. Phone, 877-437-6572.
http://www.goarmy.com/chaplain
Health care professionals serving as officers in the Army's medical department benefit from a wide range of
opportunities and financial incentives.
http://www.goarmy.com/amedd.html
Members of the Army Judge Advocate General's corps often represent soldiers during courts-martial; however, they
also engage in a wider range of legal activities that include civil litigation, international law, labor law, and tort claims.
For more information, contact the Army Judge Advocate Recruiting Office. Phone, 866-276-9524.
http://www.goarmy.com/jag

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

The Army relies on talented musicians to assist with military ceremonies, boost morale, and provide entertainment.
http://www.goarmy.com/band.html
Speakers
The Public Affairs Office nearest the event can help provide local Army speakers. The Office of the Chief of Public
Affairs can assist with scheduling a general officer to address Army matters at public forums. To request a general
officer speaker, writer to the Office of the Chief of Public Affairs, ATTN: Community Relations, Division (Speaker
Request), 1500 Army Pentagon, Washington, DC 20310-1500. A lead time of at least 60–90 days is required.
Phone, 703-614-1107.
http://www.army.mil/comrel/assetrequests
U. S. Military Academy
West Point has been educating, training, and inspiring U.S. Army leaders for more than 200 years. The academy
offers a 47-month leader-development program of academic rigor, military discipline, and physical challenges with
adherence to a code of honor.
http://www.usma.edu | Email: admissions-info@usma.edu
http://www.army.mil/info/institution/publicAffairs
For further information concerning the Department of the Army, contact U.S. Army Public Affairs, Community
Relations Division, Office of the Chief of Public Affairs, 1500 Army Pentagon, Washington, DC 20310-1500.

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20350
703-697-7391
http://www.navy.mil
SECRETARY OF THE NAVY

Sean J. Stackley, Acting

Under Secretary of the Navy

Thomas P. Dee, Acting

ASSISTANT SECRETARIES
Energy, Installations and Environment

Steven R. Iselin, Acting

Financial Management / Comptroller

Joseph B. Marshall Jr., Acting

Manpower and Reserve Affairs

Robert L. Woods, Acting

Research, Development and Acquisition

Allison F. Stiller

Auditor General

Donjette L. Gilmore, Acting

Chief Information Officer

Robert Foster

Chief of Information

Rear Adm. Dawn Cutler, Acting

Chief of Legislative Affairs

Rear Adm. Craig S. Faller

Chief of Naval Research

Rear Adm. David J. Hahn

Director, Naval Criminal Investigative Service

Andrew L. Traver

General Counsel

Anne M. Brennan, Acting

Judge Advocate General

Vice Adm. James W. Crawford III

Naval Inspector General

Vice Adm. Herman Shelanski

Deputy Under Secretary of the Navy (Management)

Scott W. Lutterloh

Director, Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office

Jill Vines Loftus

Chief of Naval Operations

Admiral John M. Richardson

Vice Chief of Naval Operations

Admiral Bill Moran

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy

Steven S. Giordano

NAVAL OPERATIONS
Chief of Naval Operations

Adm. John M. Richardson

Vice Chief of Naval Operations

Adm. William F. Moran

DEPUTY CHIEFS OF NAVAL OPERATIONS
Fleet Readiness and Logistics

Vice Adm. Dixon Smith

Information Dominance

Vice Adm. Jan Tighe

Integration of Capabilities and Resources

Vice Adm. William Lescher

Manpower, Personnel, Training Education

Vice Adm. Robert P. Burke

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Operations, Plans and Strategy

Vice Adm. John C. Aquilino

DIRECTORS
Naval Intelligence

Vice Adm. Jan Tighe

Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program

Adm. James F. Caldwell

Navy Staff

Vice Adm. James G. Foggo

Test and Evaluation and Technology Requirements / Chief of
Naval Research

Rear Adm. David J. Hahn

Chief of Chaplains of the Navy

Rear Adm. Margaret G. Kibben

Chief of Naval Reserve

Vice Adm. Luke McCollum

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy

Steven Giordano

Oceanographer of the Navy / Navigator of the Navy

Rear Adm. Timothy C. Gallaudet

Surgeon General of the Navy

Vice Adm. C. Forrest Faison III

SHORE ESTABLISHMENT
Chief of Naval Operations

Adm. John M. Richardson

COMMANDERS
Naval Air Systems Command

Vice Adm. Paul Grosklags

Naval Education and Training Command

Rear Adm. Michael S. White

Naval Facilities Engineering Command

Rear Adm. Kate L. Gregory

Naval Legal Service Command

Rear Adm. John G. Hannink

Naval Meteorology and Oceanography

Rear Adm. Timothy C. Galludet

Naval Network Warfare Command

Capt. John W. Chandler

Naval Sea Systems Command

Vice Adm. Thomas Moore

Naval Supply Systems Command

Rear Adm. Jonathan A. Yuen

Naval Warfare Development Command

Rear Adm. Bret C. Batchelder

Navy Installations Command

Vice Adm. Dixon Smith

Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command

Rear Adm. David H. Lewis

Chief, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery

Vice Adm. C. Forrest Faison III

Chief, Naval Personnel

Vice Adm. Robert P. Burke

Director, National Maritime Intelligence-Integration Office /
Commander, Office of Naval Intelligence

Rear Adm. Elizabeth L. Train

Director, Strategic Systems Program

Rear Adm. Terry J. Benedict

Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy

Vice Adm. Walter E. Carter, Jr.

OPERATING FORCES
COMMANDERS
U.S. Fleet Forces Command

Adm. Philip S. Davidson

Pacific Fleet

Adm. Scott H. Swift

Military Sealift Command

Rear Adm. Dee L. Mewbourne

Naval Forces Central Command

Vice Adm. Kevin M. Donegan

Naval Forces Europe

Adm. Michelle J. Howard

Naval Reserve Forces Command

Rear Adm. Thomas W. Luscher

Naval Special Warfare Command

Rear Adm. Timothy Szymanski

Operational Test and Evaluation Force

Rear Adm. Jeffrey R. Penfield

[For the Department of the Navy statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 32, Part 700]

The Department of the Navy protects the United States and its interests by the prosecution of war at sea, including
the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases with the assistance of its Marine Corps component; supports the
forces of all military departments of the United States; and safeguards freedom of the seas.
Organizational Chart

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

The United States Navy was founded on October 13, 1775, when Congress enacted the first legislation creating the
Continental Navy of the American Revolution. The Department of the Navy and the Office of Secretary of the Navy
were established by act of April 30, 1798 (10 U.S.C. 5011, 5031). For 9 years prior to that date, by act of August 7,
1789 (1 Stat. 49), the Secretary of War oversaw the conduct of naval affairs.
The National Security Act Amendments of 1949 provided that the Department of the Navy be a military department
within the Department of Defense (63 Stat. 578).
The President appoints the Secretary of the Navy as the head of the Department of the Navy. The Secretary is
responsible to the Secretary of Defense for the operation and efficiency of the Navy (10 U.S.C. 5031). The
Department of the Navy includes the U.S. Coast Guard when it is operating as a Service in the Navy.
Secretary
The Secretary of the Navy is the head of the Department of the Navy, responsible for the policies and control of the
Department of the Navy, including its organization, administration, functioning, and efficiency. The members of the
Secretary's executive administration assist in the discharge of the responsibilities of the Secretary of the Navy.
http://www.navy.mil/secnav
Legal
The Office of the Judge Advocate General provides all legal advice and related services throughout the Department
of the Navy, except for the advice and services provided by the General Counsel. It also provides legal and policy
advice to the Secretary of the Navy on military justice, ethics, administrative law, claims, environmental law,
operational and international law and treaty interpretation, and litigation involving these issues. The Judge Advocate
General provides technical supervision for the Naval Justice School at Newport, RI.
http://www.navy.mil/local/jag/index.asp
For further information, contact the Office of the Judge Advocate General, Department of the Navy, Washington Navy
Yard, Suite 3000, 1322 Patterson Avenue SE., Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5066. Phone, 202-685-5190.

Criminal Investigations
The Naval Criminal Investigative Service investigates and neutralizes criminal, terrorist, and foreign intelligence
threats to the United States Navy and Marine Corps. To carry out its mission, the Service relies on the
professionalism and law enforcement expertise of administrative support personnel, forensic specialists, intelligence
analysts, investigators, military personnel, security specialists, special agents, and technical investigative specialists.
http://www.ncis.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, 27130 Telegraph Road, Quantico, VA 22134.
Phone, 877-579-3648.

Research
The Office of Naval Research initiates, coordinates, plans, and promotes naval research, including the coordination
of research and development conducted by other agencies and offices in the Department of the Navy. The Office
researches, develops, and delivers decisive naval capabilities by investing in a balanced portfolio of promising
scientific research, innovative technology, and talent. It also manages and controls activities within the Department
concerning copyrights, inventions, manufacturing technology, patents, royalty payments, small businesses, and
trademarks.
http://www.onr.navy.mil
| Email: onrpublicaffairs@navy.mil
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, Office of Naval Research, One Liberty Center, 875 North
Randolph Street, Arlington, VA 22203-1995. Phone, 703-696-5031.

Operating Forces
Operating forces carry out operations that enable the Navy to meet its responsibility to uphold and advance the
national policies and interests of the United States. These forces include the several fleets; seagoing, fleet marine,
and other assigned Marine Corps forces; the Military Sealift Command; Naval Reserve forces; and other forces and
activities that the President or the Secretary of the Navy may assign. The Chief of Naval Operations administers and
commands the operating forces of the Navy.
The Atlantic Fleet is composed of ships, submarines, and aircraft that operate throughout the Atlantic Ocean and
Mediterranean Sea.
The Naval Forces Europe includes forces assigned by the Chief of Naval Operations or made available from either
the Pacific or Atlantic Fleet to operate in the European theater.
The Pacific Fleet is composed of ships, submarines, and aircraft operating throughout the Pacific and Indian
Oceans.
The Military Sealift Command provides ocean transportation for personnel and cargo of all components of the
Department of Defense and, as authorized, for other Federal agencies; operates and maintains underway
replenishment ships and other vessels providing mobile logistic support to elements of the combatant fleets; and
operates ships in support of scientific projects and other programs for Federal agencies.
Other major commands of the operating forces of the Navy are the Naval Forces Central Command, Operational

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Test and Evaluation Force, Naval Special Warfare Command, and Naval Reserve Force.
http://www.navy.mil/navydata/organization/orgopfor.asp

Activities
Air Systems
The Naval Air Systems Command provides full life-cycle support of naval aviation aircraft, weapons, and systems
operated by Sailors and Marines. This support includes research, design, development, and systems engineering;
acquisition; test and evaluation; training facilities and equipment; repair and modification; and in-service engineering
and logistics support. The Command comprises eight "competencies" or communities of practice: program
management, contracts, research and engineering, test and evaluation, logistics and industrial operations, corporate
operations, comptroller, and counsel. The Command also supports the affiliated naval aviation program executive
officer and the assigned program managers, who are responsible for meeting the cost, schedule, and performance
requirements of their assigned programs. It is the principal provider for the Naval Aviation Enterprise, while
contributing to every warfare enterprise in the interest of national security.
http://www.navair.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Commander, Naval Air Systems Command, 47123 Buse Road, Building 2272,
Suite 540, Patuxent River, MD 20670-1547. Phone, 301-757-7825.

Coast Guard
The Commandant of the Coast Guard reports to the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations when
the Coast Guard is operating as a service in the Navy and represents the Coast Guard before the Joint Chiefs of
Staff. During such service, Coast Guard operations are integrated and uniform with Department of the Navy
operations to the maximum extent possible. The Commandant of the Coast Guard organizes, trains, prepares, and
maintains the readiness of the Coast Guard for the performance of national defense missions as directed. The
Commandant also maintains a security capability; enforces Federal laws and regulations on and under the high
seas and waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; and develops, establishes, maintains, and operates
aids to maritime navigation, as well as ice-breaking and rescue facilities, with due regard to the requirements of
national defense.
http://www.uscg.mil
Computers and Telecommunications
Naval Network Warfare Command operates the Navy's networks to achieve effective command and control through
optimal alignment, common architecture, mature processes, and functions and standard terminology. The command
enhances the Navy's network security posture and improves IT services through standardized enterprise-level
management, network information assurance compliance, enterprise management, and root cause and trend
analysis. Naval Network Warfare Command also delivers enhanced space products to operating forces by
leveraging Department of Defense, national, commercial, and international space capabilities. The command serves
as the Navy's commercial satellite operations manager; it executes tactical-level command and control of Navy
networks and leverages Joint Space capabilities for Navy and Joint Operations.
http://www.public.navy.mil/fcc-c10f/nnwc/Pages/default.aspx
For further information, contact Public Affairs, Naval Network Warfare Command, 112 Lake View Parkway, Suffolk, VA
23435. Phone, 757-203-0205.

Education and Training
The Naval Education and Training Command provides shore-based education and training for Navy, certain Marine
Corps, and other personnel; develops specifically designated education and training afloat programs for the fleet;
provides voluntary and dependents education; and participates with research and development activities in the
development and implementation of the most effective teaching and training systems and devices for optimal
education and training.
http://www.navy.mil/local/cnet/
| Email: pnsc.netc.pao@navy.mil
For further information, contact the NETC Office of Public Affairs, 250 Dallas Street, Pensacola, FL 32508-5220. Phone,
850-452-4858.

Facilities
The Naval Facilities Engineering Command provides material and technical support to the Navy and Marine Corps
for shore facilities, real property and utilities, fixed ocean systems and structures, transportation and construction
equipment, energy, environmental and natural resources management, and support of the naval construction forces.
http://www.navy.mil/local/navfachq
For further information, contact the Commander, Naval Facilities Engineering Command and Chief of Civil Engineers,
Washington Navy Yard, 1322 Patterson Avenue SE., Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20374-5065. Phone, 202-685-1423.

Intelligence
The Office of Naval Intelligence ensures the fulfillment of the intelligence requirements and responsibilities of the
Department of the Navy.
http://www.oni.navy.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

| Email: pao@nmic.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs, Office of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy, 4251
Suitland Road, Washington, DC 20395-5720. Phone, 301-669-5670.

Manpower
The Bureau of Naval Personnel directs the procurement, distribution, administration, and career motivation of the
military personnel of the regular and reserve components of the U.S. Navy to meet the quantitative and qualitative
manpower requirements determined by the Chief of Naval Operations.
http://www.navy.mil/cnp/index.asp
For further information, contact the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Department of the Navy, Federal Office Building 2,
Washington, DC 20370-5000. Phone, 703-614-2000.

Medicine
The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery directs the medical and dental services for Navy and Marine Corps personnel
and their dependents; administers the implementation of contingency support plans and programs to effect medical
and dental readiness capability; provides medical and dental services to the fleet, fleet marine force, and shore
activities of the Navy; and ensures cooperation with civil authorities in matters of public health disasters and other
emergencies.
http://www.med.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Department of the Navy, 2300 E Street NW.,
Washington, DC 20373-5300. Phone, 202-762-3211.

Oceanography
The Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command and the Naval Observatory are responsible for the science,
technology, and engineering operations that are essential to explore the ocean and the atmosphere and to provide
astronomical data and time for naval and related national objectives. To that end, the naval oceanographic program
studies astrometry, hydrography, meteorology, oceanography, and precise time.
http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO
For further information, contact the Commander, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command, 1100 Balch
Boulevard, Stennis Space Center, MS 39529-5005. Phone, 228-688-4384. Internet, http://www.navmetoccom.navy.mil.
Or, contact the Oceanographer of the Navy, U.S. Naval Observatory, 3450 Massachusetts Avenue NW., Washington,
DC 20392-1800. Phone, 202-762-1026.

Sea Systems
The Naval Sea Systems Command provides material support to the Navy and Marine Corps and to the Departments
of Defense and Transportation for ships, submarines, and other sea platforms, shipboard combat systems and
components, other surface and undersea warfare and weapons systems, and ordnance expendables not specifically
assigned to other system commands.
http://www.navsea.navy.mil
| Email: nssc_public_affairs@navy.mil
For further information, contact the Office of Public Affairs, Naval Sea Systems Command, 1333 Isaac Hull Avenue
SE., Washington Navy Yard, DC 20376-1010. Phone, 202-781-4123.

Space and Naval Warfare
The Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command develops, delivers, and sustains advanced cyber capabilities for
naval warfighters. It helps provide the hardware and software needed to executive Navy missions. With nearly
10,000 active military and civilian professionals worldwide, the Command is at the forefront of research, engineering,
and acquisition relevant for keeping U.S. military forces connected around the globe.
http://www.spawar.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Commander, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, 4301 Pacific Highway,
San Diego, CA 92110-3127. Phone, 619-524-3428.

Strategic Systems
The Office of Strategic Systems Programs provides development, production, and material support to the Navy for
fleet ballistic missile and strategic weapons systems, security, training of personnel, and the installation and
direction of necessary supporting facilities.
http://www.ssp.navy.mil
For further information, contact the Director, Strategic Systems Programs, Department of the Navy, Nebraska Avenue
Complex, 287 Somers Court NW., Suite 10041, Washington, DC 20393-5446. Phone, 202-764-1608.

Supply Systems
The Naval Supply Systems Command provides supply management policies and methods and administers related
support service systems for the Navy and Marine Corps.
http://www.navy.mil/local/navsup
| Email: navsuphqQuestions@navy.mil
For further information, contact the Commander, Naval Supply Systems Command, 5450 Carlisle Pike, P.O. Box 2050,
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055-0791. Phone, 717-605-3565.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Warfare Development
The Navy Warfare Development Command plans and coordinates experiments employing emerging operational
concepts; represents the Department of the Navy in joint and other service laboratories and facilities and tactical
development commands; and publishes and disseminates naval doctrine.
http://www.navy.mil/local/nwdc
For further information, contact the Commander, Navy Warfare Development Command, 686 Cushing Road, Sims Hall,
Newport, RI 02841. Phone, 401-841-2833.

Sources of Information
Business Opportunities
"Open for Business," a short video that gives an overview of the Navy's buying activities and small business
programs, is available online. For more information, contact the Office of Small Business Programs. Phone, 202685-6485.
http://www.secnav.navy.mil/smallbusiness/Pages/video-openforbusiness.aspx | Email: osbp.info@navy.mil
Civilian Employment
The possibilities of a civilian career at the Department of the Navy are many and diverse. They include a full range
of occupations: from aircraft mechanic to pipefitter, from electrician to engineer, from zoologist to physician, and
more. The Navy offers hundreds of different occupations nationwide and around the world.
http://www.secnav.navy.mil/donhr/Pages/Default.aspx | Email: donhrfaq@navy.mil
Environment
For information on Navy and Marine Corps environmental protection and natural resources management programs,
contact the Deputy Assistant Secretary–Environment, 1000 Navy Pentagon, Room 4A674, Washington, DC 203501000. Phone, 703-614-5493.
http://www.secnav.navy.mil/eie/Pages/Environment.aspx
The "U.S. Navy Climate Change Roadmap" (April 2010) is available in Portable Document Format (PDF) online.
http://www.navy.mil/navydata/documents/CCR.pdf
The Navy has posted its environmental goals and descriptions of its strategies to achieve them.
http://greenfleet.dodlive.mil/environment
Glossary
The origins of Navy terminology section explains nautical terminology that has become a part of everyday English.
http://www.navy.mil/navydata/traditions/html/navyterm.html
Joining the Navy
Unparalleled opportunities, challenges, and experiences motivate bright and skilled people to join. America's Navy
offers careers and jobs that match many backgrounds and interests. Hundreds of distinct roles in dozens of
professional fields are part of what the Navy has to offer.
http://www.navy.com/joining.html
Naval Oceanography Portal
The U.S. Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command provides information from the ocean depths to the
distant reaches of space to meet the needs of civilian and the military and scientific communities.
http://www.usno.navy.mil
The U.S. Naval Observatory offers a wide range of astronomical data and products, and it serves as the official
source of time for the Department of Defense and as the official source of a standard of time for the entire United
States.
http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO
"The Sky This Week" is a weekly set of pictures and descriptions of the planets, sky, and stars.
http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO/tours-events/sky-this-week/the-sky-this-week
News
The Navy posts recent headline news stories on its Web site.
http://www.navy.mil/listStories.asp?x=2
An online subscription form is available to sign up for updates from the Navy news service.
https://service.govdelivery.com/accounts/USNAVYDMA/subscriber/new

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

"All Hands" magazine is an electronic publication for sailors by sailors. It features articles, imagery, information, and
videos that are relevant to sailors and their families.
http://www.navy.mil/ah_online
Research Programs
Research programs of the Office of Naval Research cover a broad spectrum of scientific fields. The research is
primarily for the needs of the Navy and Marine Corps, but some of these programs conduct research that has
relevance for the general public. For information on specific research programs, contact the Office of Naval
Research–Public Affairs, One Liberty Center 875 N. Randolph Street, Arlington, VA 22203-1995. Phone, 703-6965031.
http://www.onr.navy.mil
Ships
The Navy operates and relies on many types of ships to carry out its mission. Descriptions of these different ships—
aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships, cruisers, destroyers, littoral combat ships, and submarines—are available
online.
http://www.navy.mil/navydata/our_ships.asp
Site Index
An A–Z information index is available on the Navy's Web site.
http://www.navy.mil/navydata/infoIndex.asp?id=A
http://www.navy.mil/submit/contacts.asp
For further information concerning the Navy, contact the Office of Information, Department of the Navy, 1200 Navy
Pentagon, Washington, DC 20350-1200. For press inquiries, phone 703-697-7391 or 703-697-5342.

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
Commandant of the Marine Corps, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 3000 Pentagon, Washington, DC
20380-1775
703-614-2500
http://www.marines.mil
COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS

Gen. Robert B. Neller

Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps

Gen. Glenn M. Walters

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps

Sgt. Maj. Ronald L. Green

The Continental Congress established the United States Marine Corps by resolution on November 10, 1775.
Marine Corps composition and functions are detailed in 10 U.S.C. 5063.
The Marine Corps, which is part of the Department of the Navy, is the smallest of the Nation's combat forces.
It also is the only service that the Congress has tasked specifically to be able to fight in the air, on land, and
at sea. Although Marines fight in each of these dimensions, they are primarily a maritime force linked with the
Navy, moving from the sea to fight on land.
The Marine Corps conducts entry-level training for its enlisted marines at two bases: Marine Corps Recruit
Depot, Parris Island, SC; and Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, CA. Officer candidates are evaluated
at Officer Candidate School, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, VA. Marines train to
be first on the scene to respond to attacks on the United States or its interests and to acts of political violence
against Americans abroad, to provide disaster relief and humanitarian assistance, and to evacuate
Americans from foreign countries.

Sources of Information
DSTRESS Line
The DSTRESS Line offers an around-the-clock anonymous phone, live chat, and referral service. The call
center is staffed with veteran Marines, Fleet Marine Force Navy Corpsmen who were previously attached to
the Marine Corps, Marine spouses and other family members, and licensed behavioral health counselors
trained in Marine Corps culture. DSTRESS Line is designed to help callers improve overall fitness and to
develop the necessary skills for coping with the challenges of life in the Marine Corps. Phone, 877-476-7734.
http://www.usmc-mccs.org/index.cfm/services/support/dstress-line | Email: dstressline@usmc.mil
Electronic Publications
Authentic and current digital versions of publications issued by Headquarters Marine Corps staff agencies,
major commands, and other Department of Defense and Federal agencies are available online.
http://www.marines.mil/News/Publications

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
Procedures for requesting records that the U.S. Marine Corps controls are available online. Phone, 703-6144008.
http://www.hqmc.marines.mil/Agencies/USMC-FOIA | Email: hqmcfoia@usmc.mil
Marine Corps Bands
Marine Corps bands perform at ceremonies, concerts, festivals, parades, professional sporting events, and
other public events. Marine Corps bands perform six types of ensembles: brass/woodwind quintet, bugler,
ceremonial band, concert band, jazz combo, and jazz/show band. Phone, 504-697-8184.
http://www.marines.mil/Community-Relations/Asset-Requests/Band | Email: smb.mfr.pao.comrel@usmc.mil
News
The Marine Corps posts press releases on its Web site.
http://www.marines.mil/News/Press-Releases
Marines TV is accessible via the Marine Corps Web site.
http://www.marines.mil/News/Marines-TV
Reading List
The Commandant's professional reading list is available online.
http://guides.grc.usmcu.edu/content.php?pid=408059&sid=3340387 | Email: Reading@usmc.mil
Sexual Assault
The Marine Corps' Sexual Assault Prevention and Response program lowers the incidence of sexual assault
through preventative strategies and provides care to victims of the crime.
http://www.usmc-mccs.org/index.cfm/services/support/sexual-assault-prevention
The Safe Helpline provides anonymous and confidential support for sexual assault survivors in the military.
Phone, 877-995-5247.
https://safehelpline.org
Silent Drill Platoon
The Marine Corps Silent Drill Platoon is a 24-Marine rifle platoon that performs a precision drill exhibition.
This disciplined platoon exemplifies the professionalism associated with the U.S. Marine Corps. It first
performed in the Sunset Parades of 1948 and received such a favorable response that it became a regular
part of the parades at Marine Barracks, Washington, DC. Performance requests for the Silent Drill Platoon
should be made 30–90 days prior to the event. Phone, 504-697-8184.
http://www.marines.mil/Community-Relations/Asset-Requests/Silent-Drill-Platoon | Email:
smb.mfr.pao.comrel@usmc.mil
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that aligns with their
interests.
http://www.marines.mil/Home/SiteMap.aspx
Social Media
The Marine Corps maintains a social media presence and supports online communities where people can go
to share and collect information and stories.
http://www.marines.mil/News/Social-Media
Speakers
The Marine Corps supports speaking engagements for community events nationwide, ranging from smalltown civic organizations to big-city national conventions. The Marine Corps In the Community program helps
business executives, educators, members of civic organizations, conference organizers, and others make
contact with a Marine Corps public speaker. Phone, 504-697-8184.
http://www.marines.mil/Community-Relations/Asset-Requests/Speakers | Email: smb.mfr.pao.comrel@usmc.mil
Tattoo Regulations
The Marine Corps tattoo policy seeks to balance personal taste with the high standards of professional
military appearance and heritage. The Marine Corps Bulletin 1020 (June 2016) explains the current tattoo
policy, which replaces previous guidance on the subject.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

http://www.marines.mil/Tattoos.aspx
Unit Directory
A complete list of Marine Corps units with links to their respective web pages is available online.
http://www.marines.mil/Units.aspx
http://www.marines.mil/Contact-Us
For further information regarding the Marine Corps, contact the Director of Public Affairs, Headquarters, U.S.
Marine Corps, 2 Navy Annex–Pentagon 5D773, Washington, DC 20380-1775. Phone, 703-614-1492.

UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY
Annapolis, MD 21402-5018
410-293-1500
http://www.usna.edu
SUPERINTENDENT

Vice Adm. Walter E. Carter, Jr., USN

Commandant of Midshipmen

Col. Stephen E. Liszewski, USMC

The U.S. Naval Academy is the undergraduate college of the Naval Service. Through its comprehensive 4year program, which stresses excellence in academics, physical education, professional training, conduct,
and honor, the Academy prepares young men and women morally, mentally, and physically to be
professional officers in the Navy and Marine Corps. All graduates receive a Bachelor of Science degree in 1
of 19 majors.
https://www.usna.edu/About/index.php

Sources of Information
Armel-Leftwich Visitor Center
From March to December, the visitor center is open daily, 9 a.m.–5 p.m. During January and February, the
visitor center is open on weekdays, 9 a.m.–4 p.m. The gift shop, however, is open on the weekends, 9 a.m.–5
p.m.
http://www.usnabsd.com/for-visitors | Email: tourinfo@usna.edu
A–Z Index
The Naval Academy's Web site has an alphabetical index to help visitors search for information or browse
topics of interest.
https://www.usna.edu/TOC/index.php
Career Opportunities
Six sources of employment are associated with the Naval Academy and its supporting organizations.
https://www.usna.edu/Employment
Naval Academy Preparatory School
The Naval Academy Preparatory School prepares midshipman candidates for success at the U.S. Naval
Academy. The 10-month course of instruction, August–May, centers on preparation in Chemistry, English
Composition, Information Technology, Mathematics, and Physics. Phone, 401-841-6966 (administration).
Phone, 401-841-2947 (academics).
https://www.usna.edu/NAPS
Naval Academy Store
All Profits support the brigade of midshipmen.
http://navyonline.com
Nimitz Library
An online tool is available to search the library's collection of articles, books, ebooks, and journals. Phone,
410-293-6945.
https://www.usna.edu/Library | Email: askref@usna.edu
https://www.usna.edu/Contact
For further information concerning the U.S. Naval Academy, contact the Superintendent, U.S. Naval Academy,
121 Blake Road, Annapolis, MD 21402-5018.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

DEFENSE AGENCIES
The Defense Agencies' personnel tables were updated 09–2017.

DEFENSE ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY
675 North Randolph Street, Arlington, VA 22203-2114
703-526-6630
http://www.darpa.mil
DIRECTOR

Steven H. Walker, Acting

Deputy Director

Stefanie Tompkins, Acting

https://www.darpa.mil/about-us/people
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is a separately organized agency within the Department
of Defense and is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition,
Technology and Logistics). The Agency serves as the central research and development organization of the
Department of Defense with a primary responsibility to maintain U.S. technological superiority over potential
adversaries. It pursues imaginative and innovative research and development projects, and conducts
demonstration projects that represent technology appropriate for joint programs, programs in support of
deployed forces, or selected programs of the military departments. To this end, the Agency arranges,
manages, and directs the performance of work connected with assigned advanced projects by the military
departments, other Government agencies, individuals, private business entities, and educational or research
institutions, as appropriate.
http://www.darpa.mil
For further information, contact the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, 675 North Randolph Street,
Arlington, VA 22203-2114. Phone, 703-526-6630.

DEFENSE COMMISSARY AGENCY
1300 E Avenue, Fort Lee, VA 23801-1800
804-734-8720
http://www.commissaries.com
DIRECTOR / CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

Michael J. Dowling, Acting

Deputy Director / Chief Operating Officer

Michael J. Dowling

https://www.commissaries.com/our-agency/deca-organization
The Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA) was established in 1990 and is under the authority, direction, and
control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness and the operational supervision of
the Defense Commissary Agency Board of Directors.
DeCA provides an efficient and effective worldwide system of commissaries that sell quality groceries and
household supplies at low prices to members of the Armed Services community. This benefit satisfies
customer demand for quality products and delivers exceptional savings while enhancing the military
community's quality of life. DeCA works closely with its employees, customers, and civilian business partners
to satisfy its customers and to promote the commissary benefit. The benefit fosters recruitment, retention,
and readiness of skilled and trained personnel.

Sources of Information
Employment information is available at www.commissaries.com or by calling the following telephone
numbers: employment (703-603-1600); small business activities (804-734-8000, extension 4-8015/4-8529);
contracting for resale items (804-734-8000, extension 4-8884/4-8885); and contracting for operations support
and equipment (804-734-8000, extension 4-8391/4-8830).
http://www.commissaries.com
For further information, contact the Defense Commissary Agency, 1300 E Avenue, Fort Lee, VA 23801-1800.
Phone, 804-734-8720

DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY
8725 John J. Kingman Road, Suite 2135, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6219
703-767-3265
http://www.dcaa.mil | Email: dcaaweb@dcaa.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

DIRECTOR

Anita F. Bales

Deputy Director

Kenneth J. Saccoccia

The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) was established in 1965 and is under the authority, direction,
and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer. DCAA performs all
necessary contract audit functions for DOD and provides accounting and financial advisory services to all
Defense components responsible for procurement and contract administration. These services are provided
in connection with the negotiation, administration, and settlement of contracts and subcontracts to ensure
taxpayer dollars are spent on fair and reasonable contract prices. They include evaluating the acceptability of
costs claimed or proposed by contractors and reviewing the efficiency and economy of contractor operations.
Other Government agencies may request the DCAA's services under appropriate arrangements.
DCAA manages its operations through five regional offices responsible for approximately 104 field audit
offices throughout the United States and overseas. Each region is responsible for the contract auditing
function in its assigned area. Point of contact information for DCAA regional offices is available at
www.dcaa.mil.
http://www.dcaa.mil | Email: dcaaweb@dcaa.mil
For further information, contact the Executive Officer, Defense Contract Audit Agency, 8725 John J. Kingman
Road, Suite 2135, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6219. Phone, 703-767-3265.

DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AGENCY
3901 A Avenue, Fort Lee, VA 23801
804-734-0814
http://www.dcma.mil
DIRECTOR

Vice Adm. David H. Lewis, USN

Deputy Director

(vacancy)

http://www.dcma.mil/About-Us
The Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) was established by the Deputy Secretary of Defense in
2000 and is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition,
Technology, and Logistics). DCMA is responsible for DOD contract management in support of the military
departments, other DOD components, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, other designated
Federal and State agencies, foreign governments, and international organizations, as appropriate.
http://www.dcma.mil
For further information, contact the Office of General Counsel, Defense Contract Management Agency, 3901 A
Avenue, Fort Lee, VA 23801. Phone, 804-734-0814.

DEFENSE FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SERVICE
4800 Mark Center Drive, Suite 08J25-01, Alexandria, VA 22350-3000
571-372-7883
http://www.dfas.mil
DIRECTOR

Teresa A. McKay

Principal Deputy Director

Audrey Y. Davis

https://www.dfas.mil/pressroom/dfasleadership.html#
The Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) was established in 1991 under the authority, direction,
and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer to strengthen and reduce
costs of financial management and operations within DOD. DFAS is responsible for all payments to
servicemembers, employees, vendors, and contractors. It provides business intelligence and finance and
accounting information to DOD decisionmakers. DFAS is also responsible for preparing annual financial
statements and the consolidation, standardization, and modernization of finance and accounting
requirements, functions, processes, operations, and systems for DOD.
http://www.dfas.mil
For further information, contact Defense Finance and Accounting Service Corporate Communications, 4800
Mark Center Drive, Suite 08J25-01, Alexandria, VA 22350-3000. Phone, 571-372-7883.

DEFENSE INFORMATION SYSTEMS AGENCY
P.O. Box 549, Command Building, Fort Meade, MD 20755
301-225-6000
http://www.disa.mil | Email: dia-pao@dia.mil

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

DIRECTOR

Lt. Gen. Alan R. Lynn, USAF

Vice Director

Rear Adm. Nancy A. Norton, USN

http://www.disa.mil/About/Our-Leaders
The Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA), established originally as the Defense Communications
Agency in 1960, is under the authority, direction, and control of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Networks
and Information Integration). DISA is a combat support agency responsible for planning, engineering,
acquiring, fielding, operating, and supporting global net-centric solutions to serve the needs of the President,
Vice President, Secretary of Defense, and other DOD components.
http://www.disa.mil | Email: dia-pao@dia.mil
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, Defense Information Systems Agency, P.O. Box 549,
Command Building, Fort Meade, MD 20755. Phone, 301-225-6000.

DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
200 MacDill Boulevard, Washington DC 20340-5100
202-231-0800
http://www.dia.mil | Email: dia-pao@dia.mil
DIRECTOR

Lt. Gen. Vincent R. Stewart, USMC

Deputy Director

Melissa A. Drisko

http://www.dia.mil/About/Leadership
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) was established in 1961 and is under the authority, direction, and
control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence. DIA provides timely, objective, and cogent military
intelligence to warfighters, force planners, as well as defense and national security policymakers. DIA obtains
and reports information through its field sites worldwide and the Defense Attache System; provides timely
intelligence analysis; directs Defense Human Intelligence programs; operates the Joint Intelligence Task
Force for Combating Terrorism and the Joint Military Intelligence College; coordinates and facilitates
Measurement and Signature Intelligence activities; manages and plans collections from specialized technical
sources; manages secure DOD intelligence networks; and coordinates required intelligence support for the
Secretary of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Combatant Commanders, and Joint Task Forces.
http://www.dia.mil | Email: dia-pao@dia.mil
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, Defense Intelligence Agency, 200 MacDill Boulevard,
Washington DC 20340-5100. Phone, 202-231-0800.

DEFENSE LEGAL SERVICES AGENCY
The Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-1600
703-695-3341
http://www.dod.mil/dodgc
DIRECTOR / GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

William S. Castle, Acting

http://ogc.osd.mil/gc_bio.html
Principal Deputy General Counsel of the Department of
Defense

William S. Castle

http://ogc.osd.mil/dgc_bio.html
The Defense Legal Services Agency (DLSA) was established in 1981 and is under the authority, direction,
and control of the General Counsel of the Department of Defense, who also serves as its Director. DLSA
provides legal advice and services for specified DOD components and adjudication of personnel security
cases for DOD and other assigned Federal agencies and departments. It also provides technical support and
assistance for development of the Department's legislative program; coordinates positions on legislation and
Presidential Executive orders; provides a centralized legislative and congressional document reference and
distribution point for the Department; maintains the Department's historical legislative files; and administers
programs governing standards of conduct and alternative dispute resolution.
http://www.dod.mil/dodgc
For further information, contact the Administrative Office, Defense Legal Services Agency, Room 3A734,
Washington, DC 20301-1600. Phone, 703-697-8343.

DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

8725 John J. Kingman Road, Suite 2533, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6221
703-767-5264
http://www.dla.mil
DIRECTOR

Lt. Gen. Darrell K. Williams, USA

Vice Director

Edward J. Case

http://www.dla.mil/Leaders.aspx
The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. DLA supports both the logistics requirements of the
military services and their acquisition of weapons and other materiel. It provides logistics support and
technical services to all branches of the military and to a number of Federal agencies. DLA supply centers
consolidate the requirements of the military services and procure the supplies in sufficient quantities to meet
their projected needs. DLA manages supplies in eight commodity areas: fuel, food, clothing, construction
material, electronic supplies, general supplies, industrial supplies, and medical supplies. Information on
DLA’s field activities and regional commands is available at www.dla.mil/ataglance.aspx.

Sources of Information
Career Opportunities
For the Washington, DC, metropolitan area, all inquiries and applications concerning job recruitment
programs should be addressed to Human Resources, Customer Support Office, 3990 East Broad Street,
Building 11, Section 3, Columbus, OH, 43213-0919. Phone, 877-352-4762.
http://www.dla.mil/Careers.aspx
Environmental Program
For information on the environmental program, contact the Staff Director, Environmental and Safety, Defense
Logistics Agency, Attn: DSS-E, 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6221. Phone, 703-7676278.

Procurement / Small Business Activities
For information on procurement and small business activities, contact the Director, Small and Disadvantaged
Business Utilization, Defense Logistics Agency, Attn: DB, 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA
22060-6221. Phone, 703-767-0192.
http://www.dla.mil/DoingBusinessWithDLA.aspx
Surplus Sales Program
Questions concerning this program should be addressed to DOD Surplus Sales, International Sales Office,
74 Washington Avenue North, Battle Creek, MI 49017-3092. Phone, 877-352-2255.
http://dispositionservices.dla.mil/sales/Pages/default.aspx
http://www.dla.mil
For further information, contact the Defense Logistics Agency, 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA
22060-6221. Phone, 703-767-5264.

DEFENSE SECURITY COOPERATION AGENCY
201 Twelfth Street South, Suite 203, Arlington, VA 22202-5408
703-604-6605
http://www.dsca.mil | Email: info@dsca.mil
DIRECTOR

Lt. Gen. Charles Hooper, USA

Deputy Director

Gregory M. Kausner

http://www.dsca.mil/about-us/leadership
The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) was established in 1971 and is under the authority,
direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense (Policy). DSCA provides traditional security
assistance functions such as military assistance, international military education and training, and foreign
military sales. DSCA also has program management responsibilities for humanitarian assistance, demining,
and other DOD programs.
http://www.dsca.mil | Email: info@dsca.mil
For further information, contact the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 201 Twelfth Street South, Suite 203,
Arlington, VA 22202-5408. Phone, 703-604-6605.

DEFENSE SECURITY SERVICE

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

27130 Telegraph Road, Quantico, VA 22134
703-617-2352
http://www.dss.mil
DIRECTOR

Daniel E. Payne

http://www.dss.mil/about_dss/director.html
Deputy Director

James J. Kren

http://www.dss.mil/about_dss/Deputy_Director.html
The Defense Security Service (DSS) is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of
Defense for Intelligence. DSS ensures the safeguarding of classified information used by contractors on
behalf of the DOD and 22 other executive branch agencies under the National Industrial Security Program. It
oversees the protection of conventional arms, munitions, and explosives in the custody of DOD contractors;
evaluates the protection of selected private sector critical assets and infrastructures (physical and cyberbased systems) and recommends measures needed to maintain operations identified as vital to DOD. DSS
makes clearance determinations for industry and provides support services for DOD Central Adjudicative
Facilities. It provides security education, training, and proactive awareness programs for military, civilian, and
cleared industry to enhance their proficiency and awareness of DOD security policies and procedures. DSS
also has a counterintelligence office to integrate counterintelligence principles into security countermeasures
missions and to support the national counterintelligence strategy. Information on DSS operating locations and
centers is available at www.dss.mil/isp/dss_oper_loc.html.
http://www.dss.mil
For further information, contact the Defense Security Service, Office of Public Affairs, 27130 Telegraph Road,
Quantico, VA 22134. Phone, 703-617-2352.

DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY
8725 John J. Kingman Road, MS 6201, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6201
703-767-7594
http://www.dtra.mil
DIRECTOR

Vayl S. Oxford

Deputy Director

Rear Adm. Scott Jerabek, USN

http://www.dtra.mil/About/Our-Leadership
The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) was established in 1998 and is under the authority, direction,
and control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. DTRA's mission is
to reduce the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction (WMD). DTRA covers the full range of WMD
threats (chemical, biological, nuclear, radiological, and high explosive), bridges the gap between the
warfighters and the technical community, sustains the nuclear deterrent, and provides both offensive and
defensive technology and operational concepts to warfighters. DTRA reduces the threat of WMD by
implementing arms control treaties and executing the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. It uses combat
support, technology development, and chemical-biological defense to deter the use and reduce the impact of
such weapons. DTRA also prepares for future threats by developing the technology and concepts needed to
counter new WMD threats and adversaries.
http://www.dtra.mil
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, 8725 John J.
Kingman Road, MS 6201, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5916. Phone, 703-767-7594. Email, dtra.publicaffairs@dtra.mil.

MISSILE DEFENSE AGENCY
5700 Eighteenth Street, Bldg 245, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5573
703-695-6420
Email: mda.info@mda.mil
DIRECTOR

Lt. Gen. Samuel A. Greaves, USAF

https://www.mda.mil/about/leadership.html
Deputy Director

Rear Adm. Jon A. Hill , USN

http://www.navy.mil/navydata/bios/navybio.asp?bioID=786
[For the Missile Defense Agency statement of organization, see the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 32, Part
388]

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

The Missile Defense Agency's (MDA) mission is to establish and deploy a layered ballistic missile defense
system to intercept missiles in all phases of their flight and against all ranges of threats. This capability will
provide a defense of the United States, deployed forces, and allies. MDA is under the authority, direction, and
control of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. MDA manages and
directs DOD's ballistic missile defense acquisition programs and enables the Services to field elements of the
overall system as soon as practicable. MDA develops and tests technologies and, if necessary, uses
prototype and test assets to provide early capability. Additionally, MDA improves the effectiveness of
deployed capabilities by implementing new technologies as they become available or when the threat
warrants an accelerated capability.
https://www.mda.mil | Email: mda.info@mda.mil
For further information, contact the Human Resources Directorate, Missile Defense Agency, 5700 Eighteenth
Street, Bldg 245, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5573. Phone, 703-695-6420. Email, mda.info@mda.mil.

NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
7500 Geoint Drive, MS N73-OCCAE, Springfield, Virginia 22150
571-557-7300
http://www.nga.mil
DIRECTOR

Robert Cardillo

Deputy Director

Justin Poole

https://www.nga.mil/About/Leadership/Pages/default.aspx
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency,
was established in 1996 and is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense
for Intelligence. NGA is a DOD combat support agency and a member of the national intelligence community.
NGA's mission is to provide timely, relevant, and accurate geospatial intelligence in support of our national
security. Geospatial intelligence means the use and analysis of imagery to describe, assess, and visually
depict physical features and geographically referenced activities on the Earth. Headquartered in Bethesda,
MD, NGA has major facilities in the Washington, DC, Northern Virginia, and St. Louis, MO, areas with NGA
support teams worldwide.
http://www.nga.mil | Email: publicaffairs@nga.mil
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency,. 7500 Geoint
Drive, MS N73-OCCAE, Springfield, Virginia 22150. Phone, 571-557-7300.

NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY / CENTRAL SECURITY SERVICE
Fort Meade, MD 20755-6248
301-688-6524
301-688-6198
http://www.nsa.gov
DIRECTOR

Adm. Michael S. Rogers, USN

Deputy Director

George C. Barnes

https://www.nsa.gov/about/leadership
The National Security Agency (NSA) was established in 1952 and the Central Security Service (CSS) was
established in 1972. NSA/CSS is under the authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of
Defense for Intelligence. As the Nation's cryptologic organization, NSA/CSS employs the Nation's premier
codemakers and codebreakers. It ensures an informed, alert, and secure environment for U.S. warfighters
and policymakers. The cryptologic resources of NSA/CSS unite to provide U.S. policymakers with intelligence
information derived from America's adversaries while protecting U.S. Government signals and information
systems from exploitation by those same adversaries.
http://www.nsa.gov | Email: nsapao@nsa.gov
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Office, National Security Agency/Central Security Service,
Fort Meade, MD 20755-6248. Phone, 301-688-6524. Fax, 301-688-6198.

PENTAGON FORCE PROTECTION AGENCY
9000 Defense Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301
703-697-1001
http://www.pfpa.mil
DIRECTOR

Jonathan H. Cofer

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

http://www.pfpa.mil/director.html
Deputy Director

Daniel P. Walsh, Acting

http://www.pfpa.mil/dpy_director.html
The Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA) was established in May 2002 in response to the events of
September 11, 2001, and subsequent terrorist threats facing the DOD workforce and facilities in the National
Capital Region (NCR). PFPA is under the authority, direction, and control of the Director, Administration and
Management, in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. PFPA provides force protection, security, and law
enforcement for the people, facilities, infrastructure, and other resources at the Pentagon and for DOD
activities and facilities within the NCR that are not under the jurisdiction of a military department. Consistent
with the national strategy on combating terrorism, PFPA addresses threats, including chemical, biological,
and radiological agents, through a strategy of prevention, preparedness, detection, and response to ensure
that the DOD workforce and facilities in the NCR are secure and protected.
http://www.pfpa.mil
For further information, contact the Pentagon Force Protection Agency, 9000 Defense Pentagon, Washington,
DC 20301. Phone, 703-697-1001.

JOINT SERVICE SCHOOLS
DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIVERSITY
9820 Belvoir Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5565
703-805-2764
http://www.dau.mil
PRESIDENT

James P. Woosley

https://www.dau.mil/about
The Defense Acquisition University (DAU), established pursuant to the Defense Acquisition Workforce
Improvement Act of 1990 (10 U.S.C. 1701 note), serves as the DOD center for acquisition,
technology, and logistics training; performance support; continuous learning; and knowledge sharing.
DAU is a unified structure with five regional campuses and the Defense Systems Management
College-School of Program Managers, which provides executive and international acquisition training.
DAU’s mission is to provide the training, career management, and services that enable the acquisition,
technology, and logistics community to make smart business decisions and deliver timely and
affordable capabilities to warfighters.
http://www.dau.mil
For further information, contact the Director, Operations Support Group, Defense Acquisition
University, 9820 Belvoir Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5565. Phone, 800-845-7606.

NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE UNIVERSITY
Defense Intelligence Analysis Center, Washington, DC 20340-5100
202-231-5466
http://www.ni-u.edu
PRESIDENT

J. Scott Cameron

http://ni-u.edu/wp/about-niu/leadership-2/office-of-the-president
The National Intelligence University, formerly the Joint Military Intelligence College, was established in
1962. The College is a joint service interagency educational institution serving the intelligence
community and operates under the authority of the Director, Defense Intelligence Agency. Its mission
is to educate military and civilian intelligence professionals, conduct and disseminate relevant
intelligence research, and perform academic outreach regarding intelligence matters. The College is
authorized by Congress to award the bachelor of science in intelligence, master of science and
technology intelligence, and master of science of strategic intelligence. Courses are offered to full-time
students in a traditional daytime format and for part-time students in the evening, on Saturday, and in
an executive format (one weekend per month and a 2-week intensive summer period).
http://www.ni-u.edu
For further information, contact the Admissions Office, National Intelligence University, 200 MacDill
Blvd (MCA-2), Washington, DC 20340-5100. Phone, 202-231-5466 or 202-231-3319.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY
300 Fifth Avenue, Building 62, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5066
202-685-2649
http://www.ndu.edu
College of International Security Affairs: 260 Fifth Avenue, Building 64, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5066
202-685-3870
http://cisa.ndu.edu
Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy: 408 Fourth Avenue,
Building 59, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5062
202-685-4333
http://es.ndu.edu/Home.aspx
Information Resources Management College: 300 Fifth Avenue, Building 62, Fort McNair, DC 203195066
202-685-6300
http://icollege.ndu.edu
Joint Forces Staff College: 7800 Hampton Boulevard, Norfolk, VA 23511-1702
757-443-6124
http://jfsc.ndu.edu
National War College: 300 D Street SW., Building 61, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5078
202-685-3674
202-685-6461
http://nwc.ndu.edu
PRESIDENT

Maj. Gen. Frederick M. Padilla, USMC

http://www.ndu.edu/About/Leadership/Article-View/Article/572672/major-general-frederick-m-padilla-usmc
Senior Vice President

Donald Yamamoto

http://www.ndu.edu/About/Leadership/Article-View/Article/572661/ambassador-donald-yamamoto
Commandant, Dwight D. Eisenhower School for
National Security and Resource Strategy

Brig. Gen. John Jansen, USMC

Commandant, Joint Forces Staff College

Rear Adm. Jeffrey Ruth, USN

Commandant, National War College

Brig. Gen. Chad T. Manske, USAF

Chancellor, College of International Security Affairs

Col. Michael S. Bell, USA (retired)

Chancellor, Information Resources Management
College

Rear Adm. Janice Hamby, USN (retired)

http://www.ndu.edu/About/Leadership

National Defense University
The mission of the National Defense University is to prepare military and civilian leaders from the
United States and other countries to evaluate national and international security challenges through
multidisciplinary educational and research programs, professional exchanges, and outreach.
The National Defense University was established in 1976 and comprises the following colleges and
programs: the Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy, National
War College, Joint Forces Staff College, Information Resources Management College, College of
International Security Affairs, Institute for National Strategic Studies, Center for the Study of Weapons
of Mass Destruction, Center for Technology and National Security Policy, International Student
Management Office, Joint Reserve Affairs Center, CAPSTONE, Security of Defense Corporate
Fellows Program, NATO Education Center, Institute for National Security Ethics and Leadership,
Center for Joint Strategic Logistics Excellence, Center for Applied Strategic Leaders, and Center for
Complex Operations.
http://www.ndu.edu
For further information, contact the Human Resources Directorate, National Defense University, 300
Fifth Avenue, Building 62, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5066. Phone, 202-685-2169.

College of International Security Affairs
The College of International Security Affairs (CISA) is one of NDU’s five colleges. CISA educates
students from across the international, interagency, and interservice communities. CISA’s primary

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

areas of concentration include counterterrorism, conflict management of stability of operations,
homeland security, and defense and international security studies. CISA is also home to NDU’s
International Counterterrorism Fellowship Program.
http://cisa.ndu.edu
For further information, contact the Office of Academic Affairs, College of International Security Affairs,
260 Fifth Avenue, Building 64, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5066. Phone, 202-685-7774.

Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy
The Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy provides graduate
level education to senior members of the U.S. Armed Forces, Government civilians, foreign nationals,
and professionals from the private industrial sector. The School prepares students to contribute to
national security strategy and policy, emphasizing the evaluation, marshaling, and managing of
national resources. Students who fulfill the degree requirements receive a Master of Science degree in
national resource strategy.
http://es.ndu.edu/Home.aspx
For further information, contact the Director of Operations, Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National
Security and Resource Strategy, 408 Fourth Avenue, Building 59, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5062. Phone,
202-685-4333.

Information Resources Management College
The Information Resources Management College provides graduate-level courses in information
resources management. The College prepares leaders to direct the information component of national
power by leveraging information and information technology for strategic advantage. The College's
primary areas of concentration include policy, strategic planning, leadership/management, process
improvement, capital planning and investment, performance- and results-based management,
technology assessment, architecture, information assurance and security, acquisition, domestic
preparedness, transformation, e-Government, and information operations.
http://icollege.ndu.edu
For further information, contact the Office of Student Services, Information Resources Management
College, 300 Fifth Avenue, Building 62, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5066. Phone, 202-685-6300.

Joint Forces Staff College
The Joint Forces Staff College (JFSC) is an intermediate- and senior-level joint college in the
professional military education system dedicated to the study of the principles, perspectives, and
techniques of joint operational-level planning and warfare. The mission of JFSC is to educate national
security professionals in the planning and execution of joint, multinational, and interagency operations
in order to instill a primary commitment to joint, multinational, and interagency teamwork, attitudes,
and perspectives. The College accomplishes this mission through four schools: the Joint Advanced
Warfighters School, the Joint and Combined Warfighting School, the Joint Continuing and Distance
Education School, and the Joint Command, Control, and Information Operations School.
http://jfsc.ndu.edu
For further information, contact the Public Affairs Officer, Joint Forces Staff College, 7800 Hampton
Boulevard, Norfolk, VA 23511-1702. Phone, 757-443-6212. Fax, 757-443-6210.

National War College
The National War College provides education in national security policy to selected military officers
and career civil service employees of Federal departments and agencies concerned with national
security. It is the only senior service college with the primary mission of offering a course of study that
emphasizes national security policy formulation and the planning and implementation of national
strategy. Its 10-month academic program is an issue-centered study in U.S. national security. The
elective program is designed to permit each student to tailor his or her academic experience to meet
individual professional development needs.
http://nwc.ndu.edu
For further information, contact the Office of Administration, National War College, 300 D Street SW.,
Building 61, Fort McNair, DC 20319-5078. Phone, 202-685-3674.

UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH
SCIENCES
4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799
301-295-3190
http://www.usuhs.mil
PRESIDENT

Maj. Gen. Richard W. Thomas, USA (retired)

https://www.usuhs.edu/pres/leadership

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

Authorized by act of September 21, 1972 (10 U.S.C. 2112), the Uniformed Services University of the
Health Sciences was established to educate career-oriented medical officers for the Military
Departments and the Public Health Service. The University currently incorporates the F. Edward
Hebert School of Medicine (including graduate and continuing education programs) and the Graduate
School of Nursing.
Students are selected by procedures recommended by the Board of Regents and prescribed by the
Secretary of Defense. The actual selection is carried out by a faculty committee on admissions and is
based upon motivation and dedication to a career in the uniformed services and an overall appraisal of
the personal and intellectual characteristics of the candidates without regard to sex, race, religion, or
national origin. Applicants must be U.S. citizens.
Medical school matriculants will be commissioned officers in one of the uniformed services. They must
meet the physical and personal qualifications for such a commission and must give evidence of a
strong commitment to serving as a uniformed medical officer. The graduating medical student is
required to serve a period of obligation of not less than 7 years, excluding graduate medical education.
Students of the Graduate School of Nursing must be commissioned officers of the Army, Navy, Air
Force, or Public Health Service prior to application. Graduate nursing students must serve a
commitment determined by their respective service.
http://www.usuhs.mil
For further information, contact the President, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,
4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799. Phone, 301-295-3013.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us

Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=tv4LVSeIL00=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:43:50 PM]

No FEAR Act

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Department of Education
Federally Aided Corporations
American Printing House for the Blind
Gallaudet University
Howard University
National Technical Institute for the Deaf /
Rochester Institute of Technology

SEARCH

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20202
202-401-2000
TTY, 800-437-0833
http://www.ed.gov
SECRETARY OF EDUCATION

Betsy DeVos

Deputy Secretary

Mitchell Zais

Under Secretary

(Vacancy)

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
Assistant Deputy Secretary and Director, Office
of English Language Acquisition
Assistant Deputy Secretary, Office of
Innovation and Improvement
Assistant Secretary, Office for Civil Rights
Assistant Secretary, Office of Communication
and Outreach
Assistant Secretary, Office of Elementary and
Secondary Education
Assistant Secretary, Office of Legislation and
Congressional Affairs
Assistant Secretary, Office of Planning,
Evaluation and Policy Development
Assistant Secretary, Office of Special
Education and Rehabilitative Services

Jose Viana
Jim Blew, Acting
Kenneth Marcus
(Vacancy)
Frank Brogan
Peter Oppenheim
Jim Blew
Johnny Collett

Chief of Staff

Joshua Venable

Director, International Affairs Office

Maureen A. McLaughlin

Director, Institute of Education Sciences

Mark Schneider

Inspector General

Kathleen S. Tighe

OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY SECRETARY
Assistant Secretary, Office of Management

Denise Carter, Acting

Chief Financial Officer

Douglas Webster

Chief Information Officer

Jason K. Gray

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

Director, Office of Educational Technology

(Vacancy)

General Counsel

Carlos Muniz

OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY
Assistant Secretary, Office of Career,
Technical, and Adult Education
Assistant Secretary, Office of Postsecondary
Education

Scott Stump
(Vacancy)

Chief Operating Officer for Federal Student Aid James Manning, Acting
Director, Center for Faith-Based and
Neighborhood Partnerships
Executive Director, White House Initiative on
American Indian and Alaska Native Education
Executive Director, White House Initiative on
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
Executive Director, White House Initiative on
Educational Excellence for African Americans
Executive Director, White House Initiative on
Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans
Executive Director, White House Initiative on
Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Andrea Ramirez
(Vacancy)
Holly Ham
(Vacancy)
Aimee Viana
Johnathan Holifield

The Department of Education ensures equal access to education; promotes
educational excellence; and administers, coordinates, and makes policy for most
Federal assistance to education with the aim of raising levels of student achievement
and readiness for the global future.
Organizational Chart
The Department of Education was created by the Department of Education
Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3411) and is administered under the supervision and
direction of the Secretary of Education.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/landing.jhtml?src=ln
Secretary
The Secretary of Education advises the President on education plans, policies, and
programs of the Federal Government and serves as the chief executive officer of the
Department, supervising all Department activities, providing support to States and
localities, and focusing resources to ensure equal access to educational excellence
throughout the Nation.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/os/index.html?src=oc

Activities
Career, Technical, and Adult Education
The Office of Career, Technical, and Adult Education (OCTAE) administers grant,
contract, and technical assistance programs for vocational-technical education and
for adult education and literacy. It promotes programs that enable adults to acquire
the basic literacy skills necessary to function in today's society. The Office also helps
students acquire challenging academic and technical skills and prepare for high-skill,
high-wage, and high-demand occupations in the 21st-century global economy.
OCTAE provides national leadership and works to strengthen the role of community
colleges in expanding access to postsecondary education for youth and adults in
advancing workforce development.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ovae/index.html
Education Sciences
The Institute of Education Sciences was formally established by the Education
Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9501 note). The Institute includes national
education centers focused on research, special education, statistics, and evaluation
and is the mechanism through which the Department supports the research activities
needed to improve education policy and practice.
https://ies.ed.gov
Elementary and Secondary Education
The Office of Elementary and Secondary Education directs, coordinates, and
formulates policy relating to early childhood, elementary, and secondary education.
Included are grants and contracts to State educational agencies and local school
districts, postsecondary schools, and nonprofit organizations for disadvantaged,
migrant, and Indian children; enhancement of State student achievement assessment
systems; improvement of reading instruction; economic impact aid; technology; safe
and healthy schools; and after-school learning programs. The Office also focuses on
improving K–12 education, providing children with language and cognitive
development, early reading, and other readiness skills, and improving the quality of
teachers and other instructional staff.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oese/index.html
English Language Acquisition
The Office of English Language Acquisition helps children who are limited in their
English, including immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency, develop
high levels of academic attainment in English, and meet the same challenging State
academic content and student academic achievement standards that all children are
expected to meet.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oela/index.html
Federal Student Aid
Federal Student Aid partners with postsecondary schools and financial institutions to
deliver programs and services that help students finance their education beyond high
school. This includes administering postsecondary student financial assistance
programs authorized under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended.
https://studentaid.ed.gov
Innovation and Improvement
The Office of Innovation and Improvement (OII) oversees competitive grant programs
that support innovations in the educational system and disseminates the lessons
learned from these innovative practices. OII administers, coordinates, and
recommends programs and policy for improving the quality of activities designed to
support and test innovations throughout the K–12 system in areas such as parental
choice, teacher quality, use of technology in education, and arts in education. OII
encourages the establishment of charter schools through planning, start-up funding,
and approaches to credit enhancement for charter school facilities. OII also serves as
the Department's liaison and resource to the nonpublic education community.
http://innovation.ed.gov
Postsecondary Education
The Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE) formulates Federal postsecondary
education policy and administers programs that address critical national needs in
support of the mission to increase access to quality postsecondary education. OPE

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

develops policy for Federal student financial programs and support programs that
reach out to low-income, first-generation college students and communities. OPE also
supports programs that strengthen the capacity of colleges and universities serving a
high percentage of disadvantaged students and improve teacher quality. OPE
recognizes accrediting agencies that monitor academic quality, promote innovation in
higher education, and expand American educational resources for international
studies and services.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ope/index.html
Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) provides
leadership and resources to help ensure that people with disabilities have equal
opportunities to learn, work, and live as fully integrated and contributing members of
society. OSERS has three components: The Office of Special Education Programs
administers the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act legislation, which helps
States meet the early intervention and educational needs of infants, toddlers,
children, and youth with disabilities. The Rehabilitation Services Administration
supports State vocational rehabilitation, independent living, and assistive technology
programs that provide people with disabilities the services, technology, and job
training and placement assistance they need to gain meaningful employment and
lead independent lives. The National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation
Research supports research and development programs that improve the ability of
individuals with disabilities to work and live in a barrier-free, inclusive society. OSERS
also supports Gallaudet University, the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, the
American Printing House for the Blind, and the Helen Keller National Center.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osers/index.html

Sources of Information
Blog
"Homeroom" is the official blog of the Department of Education.
http://blog.ed.gov
Business Opportunities
Contact the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization. Phone, 202-2456301.
http://www.ed.gov/fund/contract-opportunities.html
College Scorecard
The Department of Education's Web site features a tool to help college bound
students find colleges and universities based upon their location, size, and the
programs and degrees that they offer.
https://collegescorecard.ed.gov
Data / Statistics
Information on school accreditation and data on the academic achievement of U.S.
students are available on the "Data and Research" Web page. The National Center
for Education Statistics collects and analyzes data related to education. Phone, 202403-5551.
http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/landing.jhtml?src=pn
http://nces.ed.gov

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

Career Opportunities
For information on employment and the college recruitment program, contact Human
Capital and Client Services. Phone, 202-401-0553.
http://www.ed.gov/jobs
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
The FOIA generally provides that any person has the right to request access to
Federal agency records or information; all agencies of the Government are required
to disclose records upon receiving a written request for them; nine exemptions to the
FOIA protect certain records from disclosure; and three special protection provisions
or record exclusions authorize Federal law enforcement agencies, under exceptional
circumstances, to exclude records from FIOA requirements. The Federal FOIA does
not provide access to records held by State or local government agencies, or by
private businesses or individuals.
http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/leg/foia/foiatoc.html?src=ft
Before submitting a request, browse the electronic FOIA Library and search the
Department of Education's Web site. The desired records and information may be
immediately available online and not require a FOIA request to access them.
http://www2.ed.gov/policy/gen/leg/foia/readingroom.html
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
The Department of Education provides answers to FAQs on its Web site.
https://answers.ed.gov/ics/support/default.asp?
deptID=28025&_referrer=http://www.ed.gov/&src=ft
Glossaries
The Department of Education's Web site features a glossary of reading terms.
https://lincs.ed.gov/research/Glossary.html
The Department of Education's Web site features a glossary of terms related to
Federal student aid.
https://studentaid.ed.gov/sa/glossary
The Department of Education's Web site features a glossary of terms related to
education research.
http://www.ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Glossary
The Department of Education's Web site features a glossary of terms related to
education statistical standards.
http://nces.ed.gov/statprog/2002/glossary.asp
Language Assistance
Education resources for Spanish speakers are available on the Department's Web
site.
http://www2.ed.gov/espanol/bienvenidos/es/index.html?src=ft
Free language assistance services—Chinese, Korean, Spanish, Vietnamese,
Tagalog—are available to the public. Phone, 800-872-5327.
http://www.ed.gov/notices/english-la | Email: Ed.Language.Assistance@ed.gov

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

News
The Department of Education posts media advisories, press releases, and speeches
on its Web site.
http://www.ed.gov/news
Press releases in Spanish are also available on the Department's Web site.
http://www2.ed.gov/espanol/news/pressreleases/index.html
Open Government
The Department of Education supports the Open Government initiative by promoting
the principles of collaboration, participation, and transparency.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/open.html | Email: opengov@ed.gov
Plain Language
Department of Education writers and editors are committed to using Federal plain
language guidelines. Publishing clear, useful information on programs and services is
a priority and an ongoing effort. To comment on the clarity of a written product or to
offer a suggestion for improvement, please communicate via email.
http://www.ed.gov/plain-language | Email: plainwriting@ed.gov
Regional Offices
Each regional office serves as a center for the dissemination of information and
provides technical assistance to State and local educational agencies and other
institutions and individuals interested in Federal educational activities. Offices are
located in Boston, MA; New York, NY; Philadelphia, PA; Atlanta, GA; Chicago, IL;
Cleveland, OH; Dallas, TX; Kansas City, MO; Denver, CO; San Francisco, CA; and
Seattle, WA.
http://www2.ed.gov/about/contacts/gen/regions.html
Site Map
The Web site map allows visitors to look for specific topics or to browse content that
aligns with their interests.
http://www2.ed.gov/help/site/map/sitemap.jsp
Student Loans
Information on student loans is available online.
http://www2.ed.gov/fund/grants-college.html?src=pn
http://www2.ed.gov/about/contacts/gen/index.html
For further information, contact the Information Resources Center, Department of
Education, Room 5E248 (FB–6), 400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20202.
Phone, 800-872-5327.

FEDERALLY AIDED CORPORATIONS
AMERICAN PRINTING HOUSE FOR THE
BLIND
P.O. Box 6085, Louisville, KY 40206

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

502-895-2405
http://www.aph.org
PRESIDENT

Craig Meador

Chair of the Board

Jane Hardy

Founded in 1858 as a nonprofit organization, the American Printing
House for the Blind (APH) received its Federal charter in 1879 when
Congress passed the Act to Promote Education of the Blind. This Act
designates APH as the official supplier of educational materials adapted
for students who are legally blind and who are enrolled in formal
educational programs below the college level. Materials produced and
distributed by APH include textbooks in Braille and large type,
educational tools such as Braille typewriters and computer software and
hardware, teaching aides such as tests and performance measures,
and other special supplies. The materials are distributed through
allotments to the States to programs serving individuals who are blind.
http://www.aph.org/about

Sources of Information
Business Opportunities
Requests for proposals are posted online.
http://www.aph.org/rfp
Employment
The APH is the world's largest manufacturer of products for people who
are blind and visually impaired. It is a drug-free workplace: New hires
must pass a drug screening test and background check.
http://www.aph.org/careers
http://www.aph.org/contact
For further information, contact the American Printing House for the
Blind, P.O. Box 6085, Louisville, KY 40206. Phone, 502-895-2405.

GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY
800 Florida Avenue NE., Washington, DC 20002
202-651-5000
http://www.gallaudet.edu
PRESIDENT

T. Alan Hurwitz

Chair, Board of Trustees

Heather Harker

Gallaudet University received its Federal charter in 1864 and is
currently authorized by the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986, as
amended. Gallaudet is a private, nonprofit educational institution
providing elementary, secondary, undergraduate, and continuing
education programs for persons who are deaf. The University offers a
traditional liberal arts curriculum for students who are deaf and
graduate programs in fields related to deafness for students who are
deaf and students who are hearing. Gallaudet also conducts a wide
variety of basic and applied deafness research and provides public

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

service programs for persons who are deaf and for professionals who
work with persons who are deaf.
Gallaudet University is accredited by a number of organizations, among
which are the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary
Schools, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education,
and the Conference of Educational Administrators of Schools and
Programs for the Deaf.
http://www2.gallaudet.edu/attend-gallaudet/about-gallaudet
Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center
Gallaudet's Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center operates
elementary and secondary education programs on the main campus of
the University. These programs are authorized by the Education of the
Deaf Act of 1986 (20 U.S.C. 4304, as amended) for the primary
purpose of developing, evaluating, and disseminating model curricula,
instructional strategies, and materials in order to serve individuals who
are deaf or hard of hearing. The Education of the Deaf Act requires the
programs to include students preparing for postsecondary opportunities
other than college and students with a broad spectrum of needs, such
as students who are academically challenged, come from non-Englishspeaking homes, have secondary disabilities, are members of minority
groups, or are from rural areas.
http://www.gallaudet.edu/clerc-center.html
Model Secondary School for the Deaf
The school was established by act of October 15, 1966, which was
superseded by the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986. The school
provides day and residential facilities for secondary-age students from
across the United States from grades 9 to 12, inclusively.
http://www.gallaudet.edu/mssd.html
Kendall Demonstration Elementary School
The school became the Nation's first demonstration elementary school
for the deaf by the act of December 24, 1970 (20 U.S.C. 695), which
was also later superseded by the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986.
The school is a day program for students from the Washington, DC,
metropolitan area from the age of onset of deafness to age 15,
inclusively, but not beyond the eighth grade or its equivalent.
http://www.gallaudet.edu/kdes.html

Sources of Information
Campus Tour
A virtual tour of the University's campus is available online.
http://www.gallaudet.edu/visitors-center/virtual-tour.html
Employment
Serving deaf and hard of hearing students from many different
backgrounds, Gallaudet University seeks to develop a workforce that
reflects its diversity. The University is an equal employment opportunity
and affirmative action employer, and it encourages members of
traditionally underrepresented groups, persons with disabilities,
veterans, and women to apply for vacancies.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

http://www.gallaudet.edu/hrs/employment-opportunities.html
http://www.gallaudet.edu/about-gallaudet/contact-us.html
For further information, contact the Public Relations Office, Gallaudet
University, 800 Florida Avenue NE., Washington, DC 20002. Phone, 202651-5505.

HOWARD UNIVERSITY
2400 Sixth Street NW., Washington, DC 20059
202-806-6100
http://www.howard.edu
PRESIDENT

Wayne A.I. Frederick

Howard University was established by Congress by the act of March 2,
1867 (14 Stat. 438). It offers instruction in 12 schools and colleges, as
follows: the colleges of arts and sciences; dentistry; engineering,
architecture, and computer sciences; medicine; pharmacy, nursing, and
allied health sciences; the graduate school; the schools of business;
communications; divinity; education; law; and social work. In addition,
Howard University has research institutes, centers, and special
programs in the following areas: cancer, child development,
computational science and engineering, international affairs, sickle cell
disease, and the national human genome project.
https://www2.howard.edu/about/howard-glance

Sources of Information
Employment
Information is available on the "Career Opportunities" Web page.
https://www2.howard.edu/about/careers
Libraries
The Howard University Libraries are accessible online.
http://library.howard.edu/library
https://www2.howard.edu/contact
For further information, contact the Office of University
Communications, Howard University, 2400 Sixth Street NW.,
Washington, DC 20059. Phone, 202-806-0970.

NATIONAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE FOR THE
DEAF / ROCHESTER INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY
52 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623
585-475-6317
http://www.ntid.rit.edu
PRESIDENT, ROCHESTER
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

William W. Destler

President, National Technical Institute
for the Deaf / Vice President, Rochester Gerard J. Buckley

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

Institute of Technology

The National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) was established by
act of June 8, 1965 (20 U.S.C. 681) to promote the employment of
persons who are deaf by providing technical and professional
education. The National Technical Institute for the Deaf Act was
superseded by the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 U.S.C. 4431,
as amended). The U.S. Department of Education contracts with the
Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) for the operation of a residential
facility for postsecondary technical training and education for individuals
who are deaf. The purpose of the special relationship with the host
institution is to give NTID's faculty and students access to more
facilities, institutional services, and career preparation options than
could be provided otherwise by a national technical institute for the deaf
operating independently.
NTID offers a variety of technical programs at the certificate, diploma,
and associate degree levels. Degree programs include majors in
business, engineering, science, and visual communications. In addition,
NTID students may participate in approximately 200 educational
programs available through RIT.
NTID also conducts applied research in occupational- and employmentrelated aspects of deafness, communication assessment,
demographics of NTID's target population, and learning processes in
postsecondary education. In addition, NTID conducts training
workshops and seminars related to deafness. These workshops and
seminars are offered nationwide to professionals who employ, work
with, teach, or serve persons who are deaf.
http://www.ntid.rit.edu/about

Sources of Information
Campus Tour
A virtual tour of the college's campus is available online.
http://www.ntid.rit.edu/virtual-tour
http://www.ntid.rit.edu/contact
For further information, contact the Rochester Institute of Technology,
National Technical Institute for the Deaf, Department of Recruitment and
Admissions, Lyndon Baines Johnson Building, 52 Lomb Memorial Drive,
Rochester, NY 14623-5604. Phone, 716-475-6700.

Home

The Government of the United States

About Us

Contact Us
Privacy

Accessibility

Freedom of Information Act

No FEAR Act

Developed by: Government Printing Office | Digital Media Services (DMS)

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=8ghEuYRf8O8=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:45:46 PM]

Getting Started
To begin searching within the
Government Manual simply type in a
keyword or phrase to find your match.

Department of Energy
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

SEARCH

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20585
202-586-5000
http://www.energy.gov
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
SECRETARY OF ENERGY

Richard Perry

Deputy Secretary / Chief Operating Officer

Vacant

Associate Deputy Secretary

Vacant

Chief of Staff

Brian McCormack

Inspector General

April Stephenson, Acting

Administrator, U.S. Energy Information
Administration
Assistant Secretary, Congressional and
Intergovernmental Affairs

Howard Gruenspecht, Acting
Shari Davenport, Acting

Assistant Secretary, International Affairs

Andrea Lockwood, Acting

Chief Financial Officer

Alison Doone, Acting

Director, Advanced Research Projects
Agency–Energy

Eric Rohlfing, Acting

Director, Energy Policy and System Analysis

Carol Battershell, Acting

Director, Enterprise Assessment

Glenn S. Podonsky

Director, Intelligence and Counterintelligence

Steven Black

Director, Public Affairs

Robert Haus

Director, Small and Disadvantaged Business
Utilization

Christy Jackiewicz, Acting

Executive Director, Loan Programs Office

John Sneed

General Counsel

John Lucas, Designated by POTUS

Ombudsman

Rita Franklin

OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR
MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

Assistant Secretary, Environmental
Management

Susan Cange, Acting

Under Secretary

Matthew Moury, Acting

Deputy Under Secretary

Vacant

Associate Under Secretary, Environment,
Health, Safety and Security

Andrew Lawrence, Acting

Chief Human Capital Officer

Tonya Mackey, Acting

Chief Information Officer

Stephen Everett

Director, Economic Impact and Diversity

Andre Sayles, Acting

Director, Hearing and Appeals

Poli Marmolejos

Director, Legacy Management

Carmelo Melendez

Director, Management

Ingrid Kolb

Director, Project Management Oversight and
Assessment

Paul Bosco

OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR
SCIENCE AND ENERGY

Under Secretary

Patricia A. Hoffman, Designated by POTUS

Deputy Under Secretary

Vacant

Assistant Secretary, Electricity Delivery and
Energy Reliability
Assistant Secretary, Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy

Patricia A. Hoffman, Acting
Daniel Simmons, Acting

Assistant Secretary, Fossil Energy

Douglas Hollett, Acting

Assistant Secretary, Nuclear Energy

Edward McGinnis, Acting

Director, Indian Energy Policy and Programs

William Bradford

Director, Science

Steve Binkley, Acting

Director, Technology Transitions

Rochelle Blaustein, Acting

OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY FOR
NUCLEAR SECURITY / NATIONAL
NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION
Under Secretary, Nuclear Security /
Administrator, National Nuclear Security

Lt. General Frank G. Klotz, USAF (retired)

Administration
Principal Deputy Administrator, National
Nuclear Security
Deputy Under Secretary, Counterterrorism and
Counterproliferation
Deputy Administrator, Defense Nuclear

William White, Designated by POTUS

Jay Tilden

David Huizenga, Acting

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

Nonproliferation
Deputy Administrator, Defense Programs

Philip Calbos, Acting

Deputy Administrator, Naval Reactors

Adm. James F. Caldwell, Jr., USN

Associate Administrator, Emergency
Operations
Associate Administrator, Defense Nuclear
Security
Associate Administrator Safety, Infrastructure
and Operations
Associate Administrator, Counterterrorism and
Counterproliferation

Eric Smith, Acting
Jeffrey Johnson
James McConnell
Jay Tilden

The Department of Energy addresses the Nation's energy, environmental, and
nuclear challenges, using transformative science and technology to ensure national
security and prosperity.
Organizational Chart
The Department of Energy (DOE) was established by the Department of Energy
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131), effective October 1, 1977, pursuant to Executive
Order 12009 of September 13, 1977. The act consolidated the major Federal energy
functions into one Cabinet-level department.
http://www.energy.gov/management/office-management/operationalmanagement/history/brief-history-department-energy
Secretary
The Secretary decides major energy policy and planning issues; acts as the principal
spokesperson for the Department; and ensures effective communication and working
relationships with the public and with Federal, State, local, and tribal governments.
The Secretary also serves as the President's principal adviser on energy policies,
plans, and programs.
http://www.energy.gov/leadership
Enterprise Assessments
The Office of Enterprise Assessments functions as an autonomous organization that
assesses nuclear and industrial safety performance, cyber and physical security
performance, and other critical functions as directed by the Secretary and his or her
leadership team. The Office implements congressionally-mandated enforcement
functions, manages the National Training Center, serves as an important check-andbalance that meets the DOE's self-regulating responsibilities.
http://www.energy.gov/ea/about-us
For further information, contact the Office of Resources, Communications and
Congressional Affairs. Phone, 301-903-3272.

Environment, Health, Safety, and Security
The Office of the Associate Under Secretary for Environment, Health, Safety and
Security increases the effectiveness and efficiency of DOE primary mission-support
organizations and initiates enterprisewide responses to common, widespread
challenges. The Office serves as the central organization responsible for health,
safety, environment, and security and for coordinating and integrating these vital
programs. It develops policy and assists with technical matters, provides safety
analysis, and oversees corporate safety and security programs.

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

http://www.energy.gov/ehss/about-us
For further information, contact the Office of Resources Management. Phone, 301-9035139.

Intelligence and Counterintelligence
The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence safeguards national security
information and technologies that comprise intellectual property of incalculable value.
The Office has the ability to leverage the Department's scientific and technological
expertise to assist policymakers, as well as national security missions in cyber,
energy, and homeland security, and in defense and intelligence.
http://www.energy.gov/office-intelligence-and-counterintelligence
For further information, contact the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence.
Phone, 202-586-2610.

Operations, Field, and Site Offices
The Administration of Government-owned, contractor-operated facility contracts is the
principal responsibility of the operations, field, and site offices. Contractors who
operate Government-owned facilities do most of the DOE's energy and physical
research and development, environmental restoration, and waste management.
Department operations offices act as a formal link between Department headquarters
and the field laboratories and other operating facilities. They manage programs and
projects that the lead headquarters program offices assign. The appropriate assistant
secretary, office director, or program officer provides daily, specific program direction
for the operations offices. He or she also provides management guidance and
coordination for and oversight of them and the field and site offices.
http://www.energy.gov/offices
Project Management Oversight and Assessments
The Office of Project Management Oversight and Assessments is the Department of
Energy’s central management organization providing leadership and assistance in
developing and implementing departmentwide policies, procedures, programs, and
management systems pertaining to project management, and independently
monitors, assesses, and reports on project execution performance.
http://www.energy.gov/projectmanagement/about_us

ENERGY PROGRAMS
Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy
The Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy (ARPA–E) advances highpotential, high-impact energy technologies before they attract private-sector
investment. ARPA-E awardees pursue new ways of generating, storing, and using
energy. The Agency focuses on transformational energy projects that can be
advanced with a small investment over a defined period of time. A streamlined
awards process allows quick action to stimulate cutting-edge energy research.
http://arpa-e.energy.gov/?q=arpa-e-site-page/about
For further information, contact the Office of the Director. Phone, 202-287-1004.

Efficiency and Renewable Energy
The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy leads the Department's efforts
to develop and deliver market-driven solutions for sustainable transportation,
renewable electricity generation, and energy-saving homes, buildings, and
manufacturing. It supports research and development and technology transfer
activities to improve energy efficiency in the transportation, building, industrial, and

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

utility sectors. The Office also administers programs providing financial assistance for
State energy planning, weatherizing homes owned by the poor and disadvantaged,
implementing State and local energy conservation initiatives, and promoting energy
efficient construction and renovation of Federal facilities.
http://www.energy.gov/eere/office-energy-efficiency-renewable-energy
For further information, contact the Director of Information and Business Management
Systems. Phone, 202-586-7241.

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability comprises five divisions:
Advanced Grid Integration, Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis,
Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration, National Electricity Delivery, and
Power Systems Engineering Research and Development. It promotes electric grid
modernization and energy infrastructure resiliency and leads the Department's efforts
to ensure a resilient, reliable, and flexible electricity system.
http://www.energy.gov/oe/about-office-electricity-delivery-and-energy-reliability
For further information, contact the Office of the Director. Phone, 202-586-1411.

Energy Information
The Energy Information Administration collects, processes, and disseminates data on
energy consumption, demand, distribution, production, resource reserves, and
technology. It also helps government and nongovernment energy users understand
trends by offering analyses of the data.
http://www.eia.gov/about
For further information, contact the Director, National Energy Information Center.
Phone, 202-586-6537.

Fossil Energy
The Office of Fossil Energy is responsible for Federal research, development, and
demonstration efforts on advanced carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies,
as well as the development of technological solutions for the prudent and sustainable
development of our unconventional oil and gas domestic resources. It also manages
the nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve,
both key emergency response tools available to the President to protect Americans
from energy supply disruptions.
http://www.energy.gov/fe/about
For further information, contact the Office of Communications. Phone, 202-586-6803.

Indian Energy Policy and Programs
The Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs coordinates, directs, fosters, and
implements energy planning, education, management, and programs to assist Tribes
with energy development, capacity building, energy infrastructure, energy costs, and
electrification of Indian lands and homes. The Office works within the Department,
across Government agencies, and with tribes and organizations to promote Indian
energy policies and initiatives.
https://www.energy.gov/indianenergy/about-us-0
For further information, contact the Director. Phone, 202-586-1272.

Loan Programs Office
The Loan Programs Office accelerates the domestic commercial deployment of
innovative and advanced clean energy technologies at a scale that contributes
significantly to achieving national clean energy objectives: enhanced American global

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

economic competitiveness, job creation, reduced dependency on foreign oil, and an
improved environmental legacy. It fulfills this mission by guaranteeing loans to eligible
clean energy projects and by providing direct loans to eligible manufacturers of
advanced technology vehicles and components.
http://www.energy.gov/lpo/about-us-home
| Email: lgprogram@hq.doe.gov
For further information, contact Loan Programs Office. Phone, 202-586-8335.

Nuclear Energy
The Office of Nuclear Energy advances nuclear power as a resource capable of
meeting the Nation's energy, environmental, and national security needs. It relies on
research, development, and demonstration to resolve barriers of cost, proliferation
resistance, safety, security, and technology. Four research objectives guide the
Office's efforts: developing technologies and other solutions to improve the reliability,
maintain the safety, and extend the life of current reactors; making new reactors more
affordable so that nuclear energy can play a bigger role in meeting energy security
and climate change goals; developing sustainable fuel cycles; and understanding and
minimizing the risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism.
http://www.energy.gov/ne/about-us
For further information, contact the Director, Corporate Communications and External
Affairs. Phone, 301-903-1636.

Science
The Office of Science delivers scientific discoveries and tools to transform our
understanding of nature and to advance national security, including the Nation's
economic and energy security. The Office is the lead Federal agency supporting
fundamental scientific research for energy and the Nation's largest supporter of basic
research in the physical sciences. It supports scientific research and the
development, construction, and operation of open-access, state-of-the-art facilities for
researchers. For example, it supports research in all 50 States and the District of
Columbia—at DOE laboratories and more than 300 universities and institutions of
higher learning nationwide.
http://science.energy.gov/about
For further information, contact the Director of Human Resources. Phone, 202-5865430

Technology Transitions
The Office of Technology Transitions oversees and advances the DOE's mission by
expanding the commercial impact of its portfolio of research, development,
demonstration, and deployment activities in the short, medium, and long term. The
Office develops the Department's policy and vision for expanding the commercial
results of its research investments, and it streamlines information and access to
DOE's national labs and sites to foster partnerships that will move innovations from
the labs into the marketplace.
http://www.energy.gov/technologytransitions/about-us

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PROGRAMS
Environmental Management
The Office of Environmental Management completes the safe cleanup of the
environmental legacy after decades of nuclear weapons development and
Government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Office adheres to a mission
philosophy based on reducing risk and reducing environmental liability. Current

https://www.usgovernmentmanual.gov/Agency.aspx?EntityId=VhQd5NF2+Kg=&ParentEId=+klubNxgV0o=&EType=jY3M4CTKVHY=[11/14/2018 12:46:07 PM]

activities include fulfilling commitments to lower risk and complete cleanup across all
sites; constructing and operating facilities treating radioactive liquid tank waste in a
safe, stable form; securing and storing nuclear material in a safe, stable manner in
secure locations; transporting and disposing transuranic and low-level wastes in a
safe, cost-effective way; decontaminating and decommissioning facilities without
further value; remediating soil and ground water containing radioactive and
hazardous contaminants; and planning a facility to manage and store mercury.
http://www.energy.gov/em/mission
For further information, contact the Director of Communication/External Affairs.
Phone, 202-287-5591.

Legacy Management
The Office of Legacy Management manages DOE post-closure responsibilities and
ensures the future protection of human health and the environment. The O