Ulysses Ulyses James Joyce

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James Joyce
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Stately, plump Buck Mulligan came from the stairhead,
bearing a bowl of lather on which a mirror and a razor lay
crossed. A yellow dressinggown, ungirdled, was sustained
gently behind him on the mild morning air. He held the
bowl aloft and intoned:
Introibo ad altare Dei.
Halted, he peered down the dark winding stairs and
called out coarsely:
—Come up, Kinch! Come up, you fearful jesuit!
Solemnly he came forward and mounted the round
gunrest. He faced about and blessed gravely thrice the
tower, the surrounding land and the awaking mountains.
Then, catching sight of Stephen Dedalus, he bent towards
him and made rapid crosses in the air, gurgling in his
throat and shaking his head. Stephen Dedalus, displeased
and sleepy, leaned his arms on the top of the staircase and
looked coldly at the shaking gurgling face that blessed him,
equine in its length, and at the light untonsured hair,
grained and hued like pale oak.
Buck Mulligan peeped an instant under the mirror and
then covered the bowl smartly.
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—Back to barracks! he said sternly.
He added in a preacher’s tone:
—For this, O dearly beloved, is the genuine Christine:
body and soul and blood and ouns. Slow music, please.
Shut your eyes, gents. One moment. A little trouble about
those white corpuscles. Silence, all.
He peered sideways up and gave a long slow whistle of
call, then paused awhile in rapt attention, his even white
teeth glistening here and there with gold points.
Chrysostomos. Two strong shrill whistles answered
through the calm.
—Thanks, old chap, he cried briskly. That will do
nicely. Switch off the current, will you?
He skipped off the gunrest and looked gravely at his
watcher, gathering about his legs the loose folds of his
gown. The plump shadowed face and sullen oval jowl
recalled a prelate, patron of arts in the middle ages. A
pleasant smile broke quietly over his lips.
—The mockery of it! he said gaily. Your absurd name,
an ancient Greek!
He pointed his finger in friendly jest and went over to
the parapet, laughing to himself. Stephen Dedalus stepped
up, followed him wearily halfway and sat down on the
edge of the gunrest, watching him still as he propped his
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mirror on the parapet, dipped the brush in the bowl and
lathered cheeks and neck.
Buck Mulligan’s gay voice went on.
—My name is absurd too: Malachi Mulligan, two
dactyls. But it has a Hellenic ring, hasn’t it? Tripping and
sunny like the buck himself. We must go to Athens. Will
you come if I can get the aunt to fork out twenty quid?
He laid the brush aside and, laughing with delight,
—Will he come? The jejune jesuit!
Ceasing, he began to shave with care.
—Tell me, Mulligan, Stephen said quietly.
—Yes, my love?
—How long is Haines going to stay in this tower?
Buck Mulligan showed a shaven cheek over his right
—God, isn’t he dreadful? he said frankly. A ponderous
Saxon. He thinks you’re not a gentleman. God, these
bloody English! Bursting with money and indigestion.
Because he comes from Oxford. You know, Dedalus, you
have the real Oxford manner. He can’t make you out. O,
my name for you is the best: Kinch, the knife-blade.
He shaved warily over his chin.
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—He was raving all night about a black panther,
Stephen said. Where is his guncase?
—A woful lunatic! Mulligan said. Were you in a funk?
—I was, Stephen said with energy and growing fear.
Out here in the dark with a man I don’t know raving and
moaning to himself about shooting a black panther. You
saved men from drowning. I’m not a hero, however. If he
stays on here I am off.
Buck Mulligan frowned at the lather on his razorblade.
He hopped down from his perch and began to search his
trouser pockets hastily.
—Scutter! he cried thickly.
He came over to the gunrest and, thrusting a hand into
Stephen’s upper pocket, said:
—Lend us a loan of your noserag to wipe my razor.
Stephen suffered him to pull out and hold up on show
by its corner a dirty crumpled handkerchief. Buck
Mulligan wiped the razorblade neatly. Then, gazing over
the handkerchief, he said:
—The bard’s noserag! A new art colour for our Irish
poets: snotgreen. You can almost taste it, can’t you?
He mounted to the parapet again and gazed out over
Dublin bay, his fair oakpale hair stirring slightly.
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—God! he said quietly. Isn’t the sea what Algy calls it: a
great sweet mother? The snotgreen sea. The
scrotumtightening sea. Epi oinopa ponton. Ah, Dedalus, the
Greeks! I must teach you. You must read them in the
original. Thalatta! Thalatta! She is our great sweet mother.
Come and look.
Stephen stood up and went over to the parapet.
Leaning on it he looked down on the water and on the
mailboat clearing the harbourmouth of Kingstown.
—Our mighty mother! Buck Mulligan said.
He turned abruptly his grey searching eyes from the sea
to Stephen’s face.
—The aunt thinks you killed your mother, he said.
That’s why she won’t let me have anything to do with
—Someone killed her, Stephen said gloomily.
—You could have knelt down, damn it, Kinch, when
your dying mother asked you, Buck Mulligan said. I’m
hyperborean as much as you. But to think of your mother
begging you with her last breath to kneel down and pray
for her. And you refused. There is something sinister in
you ...
He broke off and lathered again lightly his farther
cheek. A tolerant smile curled his lips.
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—But a lovely mummer! he murmured to himself.
Kinch, the loveliest mummer of them all!
He shaved evenly and with care, in silence, seriously.
Stephen, an elbow rested on the jagged granite, leaned
his palm against his brow and gazed at the fraying edge of
his shiny black coat-sleeve. Pain, that was not yet the pain
of love, fretted his heart. Silently, in a dream she had come
to him after her death, her wasted body within its loose
brown graveclothes giving off an odour of wax and
rosewood, her breath, that had bent upon him, mute,
reproachful, a faint odour of wetted ashes. Across the
threadbare cuffedge he saw the sea hailed as a great sweet
mother by the wellfed voice beside him. The ring of bay
and skyline held a dull green mass of liquid. A bowl of
white china had stood beside her deathbed holding the
green sluggish bile which she had torn up from her rotting
liver by fits of loud groaning vomiting.
Buck Mulligan wiped again his razorblade.
—Ah, poor dogsbody! he said in a kind voice. I must
give you a shirt and a few noserags. How are the
secondhand breeks?
—They fit well enough, Stephen answered.
Buck Mulligan attacked the hollow beneath his
8 of 1305
—The mockery of it, he said contentedly. Secondleg
they should be. God knows what poxy bowsy left them
off. I have a lovely pair with a hair stripe, grey. You’ll
look spiffing in them. I’m not joking, Kinch. You look
damn well when you’re dressed.
—Thanks, Stephen said. I can’t wear them if they are
—He can’t wear them, Buck Mulligan told his face in
the mirror. Etiquette is etiquette. He kills his mother but
he can’t wear grey trousers.
He folded his razor neatly and with stroking palps of
fingers felt the smooth skin.
Stephen turned his gaze from the sea and to the plump
face with its smokeblue mobile eyes.
—That fellow I was with in the Ship last night, said
Buck Mulligan, says you have g.p.i. He’s up in Dottyville
with Connolly Norman. General paralysis of the insane!
He swept the mirror a half circle in the air to flash the
tidings abroad in sunlight now radiant on the sea. His
curling shaven lips laughed and the edges of his white
glittering teeth. Laughter seized all his strong wellknit
—Look at yourself, he said, you dreadful bard!
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Stephen bent forward and peered at the mirror held out
to him, cleft by a crooked crack. Hair on end. As he and
others see me. Who chose this face for me? This dogsbody
to rid of vermin. It asks me too.
—I pinched it out of the skivvy’s room, Buck Mulligan
said. It does her all right. The aunt always keeps
plainlooking servants for Malachi. Lead him not into
temptation. And her name is Ursula.
Laughing again, he brought the mirror away from
Stephen’s peering eyes.
—The rage of Caliban at not seeing his face in a
mirror, he said. If Wilde were only alive to see you!
Drawing back and pointing, Stephen said with
—It is a symbol of Irish art. The cracked looking-glass
of a servant.
Buck Mulligan suddenly linked his arm in Stephen’s
and walked with him round the tower, his razor and
mirror clacking in the pocket where he had thrust them.
—It’s not fair to tease you like that, Kinch, is it? he said
kindly. God knows you have more spirit than any of
Parried again. He fears the lancet of my art as I fear that
of his. The cold steelpen.
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—Cracked lookingglass of a servant! Tell that to the
oxy chap downstairs and touch him for a guinea. He’s
stinking with money and thinks you’re not a gentleman.
His old fellow made his tin by selling jalap to Zulus or
some bloody swindle or other. God, Kinch, if you and I
could only work together we might do something for the
island. Hellenise it.
Cranly’s arm. His arm.
—And to think of your having to beg from these
swine. I’m the only one that knows what you are. Why
don’t you trust me more? What have you up your nose
against me? Is it Haines? If he makes any noise here I’ll
bring down Seymour and we’ll give him a ragging worse
than they gave Clive Kempthorpe.
Young shouts of moneyed voices in Clive
Kempthorpe’s rooms. Palefaces: they hold their ribs with
laughter, one clasping another. O, I shall expire! Break the
news to her gently, Aubrey! I shall die! With slit ribbons
of his shirt whipping the air he hops and hobbles round
the table, with trousers down at heels, chased by Ades of
Magdalen with the tailor’s shears. A scared calf’s face
gilded with marmalade. I don’t want to be debagged!
Don’t you play the giddy ox with me!
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Shouts from the open window startling evening in the
quadrangle. A deaf gardener, aproned, masked with
Matthew Arnold’s face, pushes his mower on the sombre
lawn watching narrowly the dancing motes of grasshalms.
To ourselves ... new paganism ... omphalos.
—Let him stay, Stephen said. There’s nothing wrong
with him except at night.
—Then what is it? Buck Mulligan asked impatiently.
Cough it up. I’m quite frank with you. What have you
against me now?
They halted, looking towards the blunt cape of Bray
Head that lay on the water like the snout of a sleeping
whale. Stephen freed his arm quietly.
—Do you wish me to tell you? he asked.
—Yes, what is it? Buck Mulligan answered. I don’t
remember anything.
He looked in Stephen’s face as he spoke. A light wind
passed his brow, fanning softly his fair uncombed hair and
stirring silver points of anxiety in his eyes.
Stephen, depressed by his own voice, said:
—Do you remember the first day I went to your house
after my mother’s death?
Buck Mulligan frowned quickly and said:
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—What? Where? I can’t remember anything. I
remember only ideas and sensations. Why? What
happened in the name of God?
—You were making tea, Stephen said, and went across
the landing to get more hot water. Your mother and some
visitor came out of the drawingroom. She asked you who
was in your room.
—Yes? Buck Mulligan said. What did I say? I forget.
—You said, Stephen answered, O, it’s only Dedalus
whose mother is beastly dead.
A flush which made him seem younger and more
engaging rose to Buck Mulligan’s cheek.
—Did I say that? he asked. Well? What harm is that?
He shook his constraint from him nervously.
—And what is death, he asked, your mother’s or yours
or my own? You saw only your mother die. I see them
pop off every day in the Mater and Richmond and cut up
into tripes in the dissectingroom. It’s a beastly thing and
nothing else. It simply doesn’t matter. You wouldn’t kneel
down to pray for your mother on her deathbed when she
asked you. Why? Because you have the cursed jesuit strain
in you, only it’s injected the wrong way. To me it’s all a
mockery and beastly. Her cerebral lobes are not
functioning. She calls the doctor sir Peter Teazle and picks
13 of 1305
buttercups off the quilt. Humour her till it’s over. You
crossed her last wish in death and yet you sulk with me
because I don’t whinge like some hired mute from
Lalouette’s. Absurd! I suppose I did say it. I didn’t mean to
offend the memory of your mother.
He had spoken himself into boldness. Stephen,
shielding the gaping wounds which the words had left in
his heart, said very coldly:
—I am not thinking of the offence to my mother.
—Of what then? Buck Mulligan asked.
—Of the offence to me, Stephen answered.
Buck Mulligan swung round on his heel.
—O, an impossible person! he exclaimed.
He walked off quickly round the parapet. Stephen
stood at his post, gazing over the calm sea towards the
headland. Sea and headland now grew dim. Pulses were
beating in his eyes, veiling their sight, and he felt the fever
of his cheeks.
A voice within the tower called loudly:
—Are you up there, Mulligan?
—I’m coming, Buck Mulligan answered.
He turned towards Stephen and said:
14 of 1305
—Look at the sea. What does it care about offences?
Chuck Loyola, Kinch, and come on down. The Sassenach
wants his morning rashers.
His head halted again for a moment at the top of the
staircase, level with the roof:
—Don’t mope over it all day, he said. I’m
inconsequent. Give up the moody brooding.
His head vanished but the drone of his descending
voice boomed out of the stairhead:
And no more turn aside and brood
Upon love’s bitter mystery
For Fergus rules the brazen cars.
Woodshadows floated silently by through the morning
peace from the stairhead seaward where he gazed. Inshore
and farther out the mirror of water whitened, spurned by
lightshod hurrying feet. White breast of the dim sea. The
twining stresses, two by two. A hand plucking the
harpstrings, merging their twining chords. Wavewhite
wedded words shimmering on the dim tide.
A cloud began to cover the sun slowly, wholly,
shadowing the bay in deeper green. It lay beneath him, a
bowl of bitter waters. Fergus’ song: I sang it alone in the
house, holding down the long dark chords. Her door was
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open: she wanted to hear my music. Silent with awe and
pity I went to her bedside. She was crying in her wretched
bed. For those words, Stephen: love’s bitter mystery.
Where now?
Her secrets: old featherfans, tasselled dancecards,
powdered with musk, a gaud of amber beads in her locked
drawer. A birdcage hung in the sunny window of her
house when she was a girl. She heard old Royce sing in
the pantomime of Turko the Terrible and laughed with
others when he sang:
I am the boy
That can enjoy
Phantasmal mirth, folded away: muskperfumed.
And no more turn aside and brood.
Folded away in the memory of nature with her toys.
Memories beset his brooding brain. Her glass of water
from the kitchen tap when she had approached the
sacrament. A cored apple, filled with brown sugar, roasting
for her at the hob on a dark autumn evening. Her shapely
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fingernails reddened by the blood of squashed lice from
the children’s shirts.
In a dream, silently, she had come to him, her wasted
body within its loose graveclothes giving off an odour of
wax and rosewood, her breath, bent over him with mute
secret words, a faint odour of wetted ashes.
Her glazing eyes, staring out of death, to shake and
bend my soul. On me alone. The ghostcandle to light her
agony. Ghostly light on the tortured face. Her hoarse loud
breath rattling in horror, while all prayed on their knees.
Her eyes on me to strike me down. Liliata rutilantium te
confessorum turma circumdet: iubilantium te virginum chorus
Ghoul! Chewer of corpses!
No, mother! Let me be and let me live.
—Kinch ahoy!
Buck Mulligan’s voice sang from within the tower. It
came nearer up the staircase, calling again. Stephen, still
trembling at his soul’s cry, heard warm running sunlight
and in the air behind him friendly words.
—Dedalus, come down, like a good mosey. Breakfast is
ready. Haines is apologising for waking us last night. It’s all
—I’m coming, Stephen said, turning.
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—Do, for Jesus’ sake, Buck Mulligan said. For my sake
and for all our sakes.
His head disappeared and reappeared.
—I told him your symbol of Irish art. He says it’s very
clever. Touch him for a quid, will you? A guinea, I mean.
—I get paid this morning, Stephen said.
—The school kip? Buck Mulligan said. How much?
Four quid? Lend us one.
—If you want it, Stephen said.
—Four shining sovereigns, Buck Mulligan cried with
delight. We’ll have a glorious drunk to astonish the druidy
druids. Four omnipotent sovereigns.
He flung up his hands and tramped down the stone
stairs, singing out of tune with a Cockney accent:
O, won’t we have a merry time,
Drinking whisky, beer and wine!
On coronation,
Coronation day!
O, won’t we have a merry time
On coronation day!
Warm sunshine merrying over the sea. The nickel
shavingbowl shone, forgotten, on the parapet. Why should
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I bring it down? Or leave it there all day, forgotten
He went over to it, held it in his hands awhile, feeling
its coolness, smelling the clammy slaver of the lather in
which the brush was stuck. So I carried the boat of incense
then at Clongowes. I am another now and yet the same. A
servant too. A server of a servant.
In the gloomy domed livingroom of the tower Buck
Mulligan’s gowned form moved briskly to and fro about
the hearth, hiding and revealing its yellow glow. Two
shafts of soft daylight fell across the flagged floor from the
high barbacans: and at the meeting of their rays a cloud of
coalsmoke and fumes of fried grease floated, turning.
—We’ll be choked, Buck Mulligan said. Haines, open
that door, will you?
Stephen laid the shavingbowl on the locker. A tall
figure rose from the hammock where it had been sitting,
went to the doorway and pulled open the inner doors.
—Have you the key? a voice asked.
—Dedalus has it, Buck Mulligan said. Janey Mack, I’m
He howled, without looking up from the fire:
—It’s in the lock, Stephen said, coming forward.
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The key scraped round harshly twice and, when the
heavy door had been set ajar, welcome light and bright air
entered. Haines stood at the doorway, looking out.
Stephen haled his upended valise to the table and sat down
to wait. Buck Mulligan tossed the fry on to the dish beside
him. Then he carried the dish and a large teapot over to
the table, set them down heavily and sighed with relief.
—I’m melting, he said, as the candle remarked when ...
But, hush! Not a word more on that subject! Kinch, wake
up! Bread, butter, honey. Haines, come in. The grub is
ready. Bless us, O Lord, and these thy gifts. Where’s the
sugar? O, jay, there’s no milk.
Stephen fetched the loaf and the pot of honey and the
buttercooler from the locker. Buck Mulligan sat down in a
sudden pet.
—What sort of a kip is this? he said. I told her to come
after eight.
—We can drink it black, Stephen said thirstily. There’s
a lemon in the locker.
—O, damn you and your Paris fads! Buck Mulligan
said. I want Sandycove milk.
Haines came in from the doorway and said quietly:
—That woman is coming up with the milk.
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—The blessings of God on you! Buck Mulligan cried,
jumping up from his chair. Sit down. Pour out the tea
there. The sugar is in the bag. Here, I can’t go fumbling at
the damned eggs.
He hacked through the fry on the dish and slapped it
out on three plates, saying:
In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti.
Haines sat down to pour out the tea.
—I’m giving you two lumps each, he said. But, I say,
Mulligan, you do make strong tea, don’t you?
Buck Mulligan, hewing thick slices from the loaf, said
in an old woman’s wheedling voice:
—When I makes tea I makes tea, as old mother Grogan
said. And when I makes water I makes water.
—By Jove, it is tea, Haines said.
Buck Mulligan went on hewing and wheedling:
So I do, Mrs Cahill, says she. Begob, ma’am, says Mrs
Cahill, God send you don’t make them in the one pot.
He lunged towards his messmates in turn a thick slice
of bread, impaled on his knife.
—That’s folk, he said very earnestly, for your book,
Haines. Five lines of text and ten pages of notes about the
folk and the fishgods of Dundrum. Printed by the weird
sisters in the year of the big wind.
21 of 1305
He turned to Stephen and asked in a fine puzzled
voice, lifting his brows:
—Can you recall, brother, is mother Grogan’s tea and
water pot spoken of in the Mabinogion or is it in the
—I doubt it, said Stephen gravely.
—Do you now? Buck Mulligan said in the same tone.
Your reasons, pray?
—I fancy, Stephen said as he ate, it did not exist in or
out of the Mabinogion. Mother Grogan was, one
imagines, a kinswoman of Mary Ann.
Buck Mulligan’s face smiled with delight.
—Charming! he said in a finical sweet voice, showing
his white teeth and blinking his eyes pleasantly. Do you
think she was? Quite charming!
Then, suddenly overclouding all his features, he
growled in a hoarsened rasping voice as he hewed again
vigorously at the loaf:
—For old Mary Ann
She doesn’t care a damn.
But, hising up her petticoats ...
He crammed his mouth with fry and munched and
22 of 1305
The doorway was darkened by an entering form.
—The milk, sir!
—Come in, ma’am, Mulligan said. Kinch, get the jug.
An old woman came forward and stood by Stephen’s
—That’s a lovely morning, sir, she said. Glory be to
—To whom? Mulligan said, glancing at her. Ah, to be
Stephen reached back and took the milkjug from the
—The islanders, Mulligan said to Haines casually, speak
frequently of the collector of prepuces.
—How much, sir? asked the old woman.
—A quart, Stephen said.
He watched her pour into the measure and thence into
the jug rich white milk, not hers. Old shrunken paps. She
poured again a measureful and a tilly. Old and secret she
had entered from a morning world, maybe a messenger.
She praised the goodness of the milk, pouring it out.
Crouching by a patient cow at daybreak in the lush field, a
witch on her toadstool, her wrinkled fingers quick at the
squirting dugs. They lowed about her whom they knew,
dewsilky cattle. Silk of the kine and poor old woman,
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names given her in old times. A wandering crone, lowly
form of an immortal serving her conqueror and her gay
betrayer, their common cuckquean, a messenger from the
secret morning. To serve or to upbraid, whether he could
not tell: but scorned to beg her favour.
—It is indeed, ma’am, Buck Mulligan said, pouring
milk into their cups.
—Taste it, sir, she said.
He drank at her bidding.
—If we could live on good food like that, he said to
her somewhat loudly, we wouldn’t have the country full
of rotten teeth and rotten guts. Living in a bogswamp,
eating cheap food and the streets paved with dust,
horsedung and consumptives’ spits.
—Are you a medical student, sir? the old woman asked.
—I am, ma’am, Buck Mulligan answered.
—Look at that now, she said.
Stephen listened in scornful silence. She bows her old
head to a voice that speaks to her loudly, her bonesetter,
her medicineman: me she slights. To the voice that will
shrive and oil for the grave all there is of her but her
woman’s unclean loins, of man’s flesh made not in God’s
likeness, the serpent’s prey. And to the loud voice that
now bids her be silent with wondering unsteady eyes.
24 of 1305
—Do you understand what he says? Stephen asked her.
—Is it French you are talking, sir? the old woman said
to Haines.
Haines spoke to her again a longer speech, confidently.
—Irish, Buck Mulligan said. Is there Gaelic on you?
—I thought it was Irish, she said, by the sound of it.
Are you from the west, sir?
—I am an Englishman, Haines answered.
—He’s English, Buck Mulligan said, and he thinks we
ought to speak Irish in Ireland.
—Sure we ought to, the old woman said, and I’m
ashamed I don’t speak the language myself. I’m told it’s a
grand language by them that knows.
—Grand is no name for it, said Buck Mulligan.
Wonderful entirely. Fill us out some more tea, Kinch.
Would you like a cup, ma’am?
—No, thank you, sir, the old woman said, slipping the
ring of the milkcan on her forearm and about to go.
Haines said to her:
—Have you your bill? We had better pay her,
Mulligan, hadn’t we?
Stephen filled again the three cups.
—Bill, sir? she said, halting. Well, it’s seven mornings a
pint at twopence is seven twos is a shilling and twopence
25 of 1305
over and these three mornings a quart at fourpence is three
quarts is a shilling. That’s a shilling and one and two is two
and two, sir.
Buck Mulligan sighed and, having filled his mouth with
a crust thickly buttered on both sides, stretched forth his
legs and began to search his trouser pockets.
—Pay up and look pleasant, Haines said to him,
Stephen filled a third cup, a spoonful of tea colouring
faintly the thick rich milk. Buck Mulligan brought up a
florin, twisted it round in his fingers and cried:
—A miracle!
He passed it along the table towards the old woman,
—Ask nothing more of me, sweet. All I can give you I
Stephen laid the coin in her uneager hand.
—We’ll owe twopence, he said.
—Time enough, sir, she said, taking the coin. Time
enough. Good morning, sir.
She curtseyed and went out, followed by Buck
Mulligan’s tender chant:
26 of 1305
—Heart of my heart, were it more,
More would be laid at your feet.
He turned to Stephen and said:
—Seriously, Dedalus. I’m stony. Hurry out to your
school kip and bring us back some money. Today the
bards must drink and junket. Ireland expects that every
man this day will do his duty.
—That reminds me, Haines said, rising, that I have to
visit your national library today.
—Our swim first, Buck Mulligan said.
He turned to Stephen and asked blandly:
—Is this the day for your monthly wash, Kinch?
Then he said to Haines:
—The unclean bard makes a point of washing once a
—All Ireland is washed by the gulfstream, Stephen said
as he let honey trickle over a slice of the loaf.
Haines from the corner where he was knotting easily a
scarf about the loose collar of his tennis shirt spoke:
—I intend to make a collection of your sayings if you
will let me.
Speaking to me. They wash and tub and scrub.
Agenbite of inwit. Conscience. Yet here’s a spot.
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—That one about the cracked lookingglass of a servant
being the symbol of Irish art is deuced good.
Buck Mulligan kicked Stephen’s foot under the table
and said with warmth of tone:
—Wait till you hear him on Hamlet, Haines.
—Well, I mean it, Haines said, still speaking to
Stephen. I was just thinking of it when that poor old
creature came in.
—Would I make any money by it? Stephen asked.
Haines laughed and, as he took his soft grey hat from
the holdfast of the hammock, said:
—I don’t know, I’m sure.
He strolled out to the doorway. Buck Mulligan bent
across to Stephen and said with coarse vigour:
—You put your hoof in it now. What did you say that
—Well? Stephen said. The problem is to get money.
From whom? From the milkwoman or from him. It’s a
toss up, I think.
—I blow him out about you, Buck Mulligan said, and
then you come along with your lousy leer and your
gloomy jesuit jibes.
—I see little hope, Stephen said, from her or from him.
28 of 1305
Buck Mulligan sighed tragically and laid his hand on
Stephen’s arm.
—From me, Kinch, he said.
In a suddenly changed tone he added:
—To tell you the God’s truth I think you’re right.
Damn all else they are good for. Why don’t you play them
as I do? To hell with them all. Let us get out of the kip.
He stood up, gravely ungirdled and disrobed himself of
his gown, saying resignedly:
—Mulligan is stripped of his garments.
He emptied his pockets on to the table.
—There’s your snotrag, he said.
And putting on his stiff collar and rebellious tie he
spoke to them, chiding them, and to his dangling
watchchain. His hands plunged and rummaged in his
trunk while he called for a clean handkerchief. God, we’ll
simply have to dress the character. I want puce gloves and
green boots. Contradiction. Do I contradict myself? Very
well then, I contradict myself. Mercurial Malachi. A limp
black missile flew out of his talking hands.
—And there’s your Latin quarter hat, he said.
Stephen picked it up and put it on. Haines called to
them from the doorway:
—Are you coming, you fellows?
29 of 1305
—I’m ready, Buck Mulligan answered, going towards
the door. Come out, Kinch. You have eaten all we left, I
suppose. Resigned he passed out with grave words and
gait, saying, wellnigh with sorrow:
—And going forth he met Butterly.
Stephen, taking his ashplant from its leaningplace,
followed them out and, as they went down the ladder,
pulled to the slow iron door and locked it. He put the
huge key in his inner pocket.
At the foot of the ladder Buck Mulligan asked:
—Did you bring the key?
—I have it, Stephen said, preceding them.
He walked on. Behind him he heard Buck Mulligan
club with his heavy bathtowel the leader shoots of ferns or
—Down, sir! How dare you, sir!
Haines asked:
—Do you pay rent for this tower?
—Twelve quid, Buck Mulligan said.
—To the secretary of state for war, Stephen added over
his shoulder.
They halted while Haines surveyed the tower and said
at last:
30 of 1305
—Rather bleak in wintertime, I should say. Martello
you call it?
—Billy Pitt had them built, Buck Mulligan said, when
the French were on the sea. But ours is the omphalos.
—What is your idea of Hamlet? Haines asked Stephen.
—No, no, Buck Mulligan shouted in pain. I’m not
equal to Thomas Aquinas and the fiftyfive reasons he has
made out to prop it up. Wait till I have a few pints in me
He turned to Stephen, saying, as he pulled down neatly
the peaks of his primrose waistcoat:
—You couldn’t manage it under three pints, Kinch,
could you?
—It has waited so long, Stephen said listlessly, it can
wait longer.
—You pique my curiosity, Haines said amiably. Is it
some paradox?
—Pooh! Buck Mulligan said. We have grown out of
Wilde and paradoxes. It’s quite simple. He proves by
algebra that Hamlet’s grandson is Shakespeare’s grandfather
and that he himself is the ghost of his own father.
—What? Haines said, beginning to point at Stephen.
He himself?
31 of 1305
Buck Mulligan slung his towel stolewise round his neck
and, bending in loose laughter, said to Stephen’s ear:
—O, shade of Kinch the elder! Japhet in search of a
—We’re always tired in the morning, Stephen said to
Haines. And it is rather long to tell.
Buck Mulligan, walking forward again, raised his hands.
—The sacred pint alone can unbind the tongue of
Dedalus, he said.
—I mean to say, Haines explained to Stephen as they
followed, this tower and these cliffs here remind me
somehow of Elsinore. That beetles o’er his base into the sea,
isn’t it?
Buck Mulligan turned suddenly. for an instant towards
Stephen but did not speak. In the bright silent instant
Stephen saw his own image in cheap dusty mourning
between their gay attires.
—It’s a wonderful tale, Haines said, bringing them to
halt again.
Eyes, pale as the sea the wind had freshened, paler, firm
and prudent. The seas’ ruler, he gazed southward over the
bay, empty save for the smokeplume of the mailboat vague
on the bright skyline and a sail tacking by the Muglins.
32 of 1305
—I read a theological interpretation of it somewhere,
he said bemused. The Father and the Son idea. The Son
striving to be atoned with the Father.
Buck Mulligan at once put on a blithe broadly smiling
face. He looked at them, his wellshaped mouth open
happily, his eyes, from which he had suddenly withdrawn
all shrewd sense, blinking with mad gaiety. He moved a
doll’s head to and fro, the brims of his Panama hat
quivering, and began to chant in a quiet happy foolish
—I’m the queerest young fellow that ever you
My mother’s a jew, my father’s a bird.
With Joseph the joiner I cannot agree.
So here’s to disciples and Calvary.
He held up a forefinger of warning.
—If anyone thinks that I amn’t divine
He’ll get no free drinks when I’m making the
But have to drink water and wish it were plain
That i make when the wine becomes water
33 of 1305
He tugged swiftly at Stephen’s ashplant in farewell and,
running forward to a brow of the cliff, fluttered his hands
at his sides like fins or wings of one about to rise in the air,
and chanted:
—Goodbye, now, goodbye! Write down all I
And tell Tom, Dick and Harry I rose from the
What’s bred in the bone cannot fail me to fly
And Olivet’s breezy ... Goodbye, now,
He capered before them down towards the fortyfoot
hole, fluttering his winglike hands, leaping nimbly,
Mercury’s hat quivering in the fresh wind that bore back
to them his brief birdsweet cries.
Haines, who had been laughing guardedly, walked on
beside Stephen and said:
—We oughtn’t to laugh, I suppose. He’s rather
blasphemous. I’m not a believer myself, that is to say. Still
his gaiety takes the harm out of it somehow, doesn’t it?
What did he call it? Joseph the Joiner?
—The ballad of joking Jesus, Stephen answered.
—O, Haines said, you have heard it before?
34 of 1305
—Three times a day, after meals, Stephen said drily.
—You’re not a believer, are you? Haines asked. I
mean, a believer in the narrow sense of the word.
Creation from nothing and miracles and a personal God.
—There’s only one sense of the word, it seems to me,
Stephen said.
Haines stopped to take out a smooth silver case in
which twinkled a green stone. He sprang it open with his
thumb and offered it.
—Thank you, Stephen said, taking a cigarette.
Haines helped himself and snapped the case to. He put
it back in his sidepocket and took from his
waistcoatpocket a nickel tinderbox, sprang it open too,
and, having lit his cigarette, held the flaming spunk
towards Stephen in the shell of his hands.
—Yes, of course, he said, as they went on again. Either
you believe or you don’t, isn’t it? Personally I couldn’t
stomach that idea of a personal God. You don’t stand for
that, I suppose?
—You behold in me, Stephen said with grim
displeasure, a horrible example of free thought.
He walked on, waiting to be spoken to, trailing his
ashplant by his side. Its ferrule followed lightly on the
path, squealing at his heels. My familiar, after me, calling,
35 of 1305
Steeeeeeeeeeeephen! A wavering line along the path.
They will walk on it tonight, coming here in the dark. He
wants that key. It is mine. I paid the rent. Now I eat his
salt bread. Give him the key too. All. He will ask for it.
That was in his eyes.
—After all, Haines began ...
Stephen turned and saw that the cold gaze which had
measured him was not all unkind.
—After all, I should think you are able to free yourself.
You are your own master, it seems to me.
—I am a servant of two masters, Stephen said, an
English and an Italian.
—Italian? Haines said.
A crazy queen, old and jealous. Kneel down before me.
—And a third, Stephen said, there is who wants me for
odd jobs.
—Italian? Haines said again. What do you mean?
—The imperial British state, Stephen answered, his
colour rising, and the holy Roman catholic and apostolic
Haines detached from his underlip some fibres of
tobacco before he spoke.
—I can quite understand that, he said calmly. An
Irishman must think like that, I daresay. We feel in
36 of 1305
England that we have treated you rather unfairly. It seems
history is to blame.
The proud potent titles clanged over Stephen’s
memory the triumph of their brazen bells: et unam sanctam
catholicam et apostolicam ecclesiam: the slow growth and
change of rite and dogma like his own rare thoughts, a
chemistry of stars. Symbol of the apostles in the mass for
pope Marcellus, the voices blended, singing alone loud in
affirmation: and behind their chant the vigilant angel of
the church militant disarmed and menaced her heresiarchs.
A horde of heresies fleeing with mitres awry: Photius and
the brood of mockers of whom Mulligan was one, and
Arius, warring his life long upon the consubstantiality of
the Son with the Father, and Valentine, spurning Christ’s
terrene body, and the subtle African heresiarch Sabellius
who held that the Father was Himself His own Son.
Words Mulligan had spoken a moment since in mockery
to the stranger. Idle mockery. The void awaits surely all
them that weave the wind: a menace, a disarming and a
worsting from those embattled angels of the church,
Michael’s host, who defend her ever in the hour of
conflict with their lances and their shields.
Hear, hear! Prolonged applause. Zut! Nom de Dieu!
37 of 1305
—Of course I’m a Britisher, Haines’s voice said, and I
feel as one. I don’t want to see my country fall into the
hands of German jews either. That’s our national problem,
I’m afraid, just now.
Two men stood at the verge of the cliff, watching:
businessman, boatman.
—She’s making for Bullock harbour.
The boatman nodded towards the north of the bay
with some disdain.
—There’s five fathoms out there, he said. It’ll be swept
up that way when the tide comes in about one. It’s nine
days today.
The man that was drowned. A sail veering about the
blank bay waiting for a swollen bundle to bob up, roll
over to the sun a puffy face, saltwhite. Here I am.
They followed the winding path down to the creek.
Buck Mulligan stood on a stone, in shirtsleeves, his
unclipped tie rippling over his shoulder. A young man
clinging to a spur of rock near him, moved slowly
frogwise his green legs in the deep jelly of the water.
—Is the brother with you, Malachi?
—Down in Westmeath. With the Bannons.
—Still there? I got a card from Bannon. Says he found
a sweet young thing down there. Photo girl he calls her.
38 of 1305
—Snapshot, eh? Brief exposure.
Buck Mulligan sat down to unlace his boots. An elderly
man shot up near the spur of rock a blowing red face. He
scrambled up by the stones, water glistening on his pate
and on its garland of grey hair, water rilling over his chest
and paunch and spilling jets out of his black sagging
Buck Mulligan made way for him to scramble past and,
glancing at Haines and Stephen, crossed himself piously
with his thumbnail at brow and lips and breastbone.
—Seymour’s back in town, the young man said,
grasping again his spur of rock. Chucked medicine and
going in for the army.
—Ah, go to God! Buck Mulligan said.
—Going over next week to stew. You know that red
Carlisle girl, Lily?
—Spooning with him last night on the pier. The father
is rotto with money.
—Is she up the pole?
—Better ask Seymour that.
—Seymour a bleeding officer! Buck Mulligan said.
He nodded to himself as he drew off his trousers and
stood up, saying tritely:
39 of 1305
—Redheaded women buck like goats.
He broke off in alarm, feeling his side under his
flapping shirt.
—My twelfth rib is gone, he cried. I’m the
Uebermensch. Toothless Kinch and I, the supermen.
He struggled out of his shirt and flung it behind him to
where his clothes lay.
—Are you going in here, Malachi?
—Yes. Make room in the bed.
The young man shoved himself backward through the
water and reached the middle of the creek in two long
clean strokes. Haines sat down on a stone, smoking.
—Are you not coming in? Buck Mulligan asked.
—Later on, Haines said. Not on my breakfast.
Stephen turned away.
—I’m going, Mulligan, he said.
—Give us that key, Kinch, Buck Mulligan said, to keep
my chemise flat.
Stephen handed him the key. Buck Mulligan laid it
across his heaped clothes.
—And twopence, he said, for a pint. Throw it there.
Stephen threw two pennies on the soft heap. Dressing,
undressing. Buck Mulligan erect, with joined hands before
him, said solemnly:
40 of 1305
—He who stealeth from the poor lendeth to the Lord.
Thus spake Zarathustra.
His plump body plunged.
—We’ll see you again, Haines said, turning as Stephen
walked up the path and smiling at wild Irish.
Horn of a bull, hoof of a horse, smile of a Saxon.
—The Ship, Buck Mulligan cried. Half twelve.
—Good, Stephen said.
He walked along the upwardcurving path.
Liliata rutilantium.
Turma circumdet.
Iubilantium te virginum.
The priest’s grey nimbus in a niche where he dressed
discreetly. I will not sleep here tonight. Home also I
cannot go.
A voice, sweettoned and sustained, called to him from
the sea. Turning the curve he waved his hand. It called
again. A sleek brown head, a seal’s, far out on the water,
* * * * *
41 of 1305
—You, Cochrane, what city sent for him?
—Tarentum, sir.
—Very good. Well?
—There was a battle, sir.
—Very good. Where?
The boy’s blank face asked the blank window.
Fabled by the daughters of memory. And yet it was in
some way if not as memory fabled it. A phrase, then, of
impatience, thud of Blake’s wings of excess. I hear the
ruin of all space, shattered glass and toppling masonry, and
time one livid final flame. What’s left us then?
—I forget the place, sir. 279 B. C.
—Asculum, Stephen said, glancing at the name and
date in the gorescarred book.
—Yes, sir. And he said: Another victory like that and we
are done for.
That phrase the world had remembered. A dull ease of
the mind. From a hill above a corpsestrewn plain a general
speaking to his officers, leaned upon his spear. Any general
to any officers. They lend ear.
—You, Armstrong, Stephen said. What was the end of
—End of Pyrrhus, sir?
—I know, sir. Ask me, sir, Comyn said.
42 of 1305
—Wait. You, Armstrong. Do you know anything
about Pyrrhus?
A bag of figrolls lay snugly in Armstrong’s satchel. He
curled them between his palms at whiles and swallowed
them softly. Crumbs adhered to the tissue of his lips. A
sweetened boy’s breath. Welloff people, proud that their
eldest son was in the navy. Vico road, Dalkey.
—Pyrrhus, sir? Pyrrhus, a pier.
All laughed. Mirthless high malicious laughter.
Armstrong looked round at his classmates, silly glee in
profile. In a moment they will laugh more loudly, aware
of my lack of rule and of the fees their papas pay.
—Tell me now, Stephen said, poking the boy’s
shoulder with the book, what is a pier.
—A pier, sir, Armstrong said. A thing out in the water.
A kind of a bridge. Kingstown pier, sir.
Some laughed again: mirthless but with meaning. Two
in the back bench whispered. Yes. They knew: had never
learned nor ever been innocent. All. With envy he
watched their faces: Edith, Ethel, Gerty, Lily. Their likes:
their breaths, too, sweetened with tea and jam, their
bracelets tittering in the struggle.
—Kingstown pier, Stephen said. Yes, a disappointed
43 of 1305
The words troubled their gaze.
—How, sir? Comyn asked. A bridge is across a river.
For Haines’s chapbook. No-one here to hear. Tonight
deftly amid wild drink and talk, to pierce the polished mail
of his mind. What then? A jester at the court of his master,
indulged and disesteemed, winning a clement master’s
praise. Why had they chosen all that part? Not wholly for
the smooth caress. For them too history was a tale like any
other too often heard, their land a pawnshop.
Had Pyrrhus not fallen by a beldam’s hand in Argos or
Julius Caesar not been knifed to death. They are not to be
thought away. Time has branded them and fettered they
are lodged in the room of the infinite possibilities they
have ousted. But can those have been possible seeing that
they never were? Or was that only possible which came to
pass? Weave, weaver of the wind.
—Tell us a story, sir.
—O, do, sir. A ghoststory.
—Where do you begin in this? Stephen asked, opening
another book.
--Weep no more, Comyn said.
—Go on then, Talbot.
—And the story, sir?
—After, Stephen said. Go on, Talbot.
44 of 1305
A swarthy boy opened a book and propped it nimbly
under the breastwork of his satchel. He recited jerks of
verse with odd glances at the text:
—Weep no more, woful shepherds, weep no
For Lycidas, your sorrow, is not dead,
Sunk though he be beneath the watery floor ...
It must be a movement then, an actuality of the
possible as possible. Aristotle’s phrase formed itself within
the gabbled verses and floated out into the studious silence
of the library of Saint Genevieve where he had read,
sheltered from the sin of Paris, night by night. By his
elbow a delicate Siamese conned a handbook of strategy.
Fed and feeding brains about me: under glowlamps,
impaled, with faintly beating feelers: and in my mind’s
darkness a sloth of the underworld, reluctant, shy of
brightness, shifting her dragon scaly folds. Thought is the
thought of thought. Tranquil brightness. The soul is in a
manner all that is: the soul is the form of forms.
Tranquility sudden, vast, candescent: form of forms.
Talbot repeated:
45 of 1305
—Through the dear might of Him that walked
the waves,
Through the dear might ...
—Turn over, Stephen said quietly. I don’t see
—What, sir? Talbot asked simply, bending forward.
His hand turned the page over. He leaned back and
went on again, having just remembered. Of him that
walked the waves. Here also over these craven hearts his
shadow lies and on the scoffer’s heart and lips and on
mine. It lies upon their eager faces who offered him a coin
of the tribute. To Caesar what is Caesar’s, to God what is
God’s. A long look from dark eyes, a riddling sentence to
be woven and woven on the church’s looms. Ay.
Riddle me, riddle me, randy ro.
My father gave me seeds to sow.
Talbot slid his closed book into his satchel.
—Have I heard all? Stephen asked.
—Yes, sir. Hockey at ten, sir.
—Half day, sir. Thursday.
—Who can answer a riddle? Stephen asked.
46 of 1305
They bundled their books away, pencils clacking, pages
rustling. Crowding together they strapped and buckled
their satchels, all gabbling gaily:
—A riddle, sir? Ask me, sir.
—O, ask me, sir.
—A hard one, sir.
—This is the riddle, Stephen said:
The cock crew,
The sky was blue:
The bells in heaven
Were striking eleven.
‘Tis time for this poor soul
To go to heaven.
What is that?
—What, sir?
—Again, sir. We didn’t hear.
Their eyes grew bigger as the lines were repeated. After
a silence Cochrane said:
—What is it, sir? We give it up.
Stephen, his throat itching, answered:
—The fox burying his grandmother under a hollybush.
He stood up and gave a shout of nervous laughter to
which their cries echoed dismay.
47 of 1305
A stick struck the door and a voice in the corridor
They broke asunder, sidling out of their benches,
leaping them. Quickly they were gone and from the
lumberroom came the rattle of sticks and clamour of their
boots and tongues.
Sargent who alone had lingered came forward slowly,
showing an open copybook. His thick hair and scraggy
neck gave witness of unreadiness and through his misty
glasses weak eyes looked up pleading. On his cheek, dull
and bloodless, a soft stain of ink lay, dateshaped, recent
and damp as a snail’s bed.
He held out his copybook. The word Sums was written
on the headline. Beneath were sloping figures and at the
foot a crooked signature with blind loops and a blot. Cyril
Sargent: his name and seal.
—Mr Deasy told me to write them out all again, he
said, and show them to you, sir.
Stephen touched the edges of the book. Futility.
—Do you understand how to do them now? he asked.
—Numbers eleven to fifteen, Sargent answered. Mr
Deasy said I was to copy them off the board, sir.
—Can you do them. yourself? Stephen asked.
48 of 1305
—No, sir.
Ugly and futile: lean neck and thick hair and a stain of
ink, a snail’s bed. Yet someone had loved him, borne him
in her arms and in her heart. But for her the race of the
world would have trampled him underfoot, a squashed
boneless snail. She had loved his weak watery blood
drained from her own. Was that then real? The only true
thing in life? His mother’s prostrate body the fiery
Columbanus in holy zeal bestrode. She was no more: the
trembling skeleton of a twig burnt in the fire, an odour of
rosewood and wetted ashes. She had saved him from being
trampled underfoot and had gone, scarcely having been. A
poor soul gone to heaven: and on a heath beneath
winking stars a fox, red reek of rapine in his fur, with
merciless bright eyes scraped in the earth, listened, scraped
up the earth, listened, scraped and scraped.
Sitting at his side Stephen solved out the problem. He
proves by algebra that Shakespeare’s ghost is Hamlet’s
grandfather. Sargent peered askance through his slanted
glasses. Hockeysticks rattled in the lumberroom: the
hollow knock of a ball and calls from the field.
Across the page the symbols moved in grave morrice,
in the mummery of their letters, wearing quaint caps of
squares and cubes. Give hands, traverse, bow to partner:
49 of 1305
so: imps of fancy of the Moors. Gone too from the world,
Averroes and Moses Maimonides, dark men in mien and
movement, flashing in their mocking mirrors the obscure
soul of the world, a darkness shining in brightness which
brightness could not comprehend.
—Do you understand now? Can you work the second
for yourself?
—Yes, sir.
In long shaky strokes Sargent copied the data. Waiting
always for a word of help his hand moved faithfully the
unsteady symbols, a faint hue of shame flickering behind
his dull skin. Amor matris: subjective and objective
genitive. With her weak blood and wheysour milk she had
fed him and hid from sight of others his swaddling bands.
Like him was I, these sloping shoulders, this
gracelessness. My childhood bends beside me. Too far for
me to lay a hand there once or lightly. Mine is far and his
secret as our eyes. Secrets, silent, stony sit in the dark
palaces of both our hearts: secrets weary of their tyranny:
tyrants, willing to be dethroned.
The sum was done.
—It is very simple, Stephen said as he stood up.
—Yes, sir. Thanks, Sargent answered.
50 of 1305
He dried the page with a sheet of thin blottingpaper
and carried his copybook back to his bench.
—You had better get your stick and go out to the
others, Stephen said as he followed towards the door the
boy’s graceless form.
—Yes, sir.
In the corridor his name was heard, called from the
—Run on, Stephen said. Mr Deasy is calling you.
He stood in the porch and watched the laggard hurry
towards the scrappy field where sharp voices were in strife.
They were sorted in teams and Mr Deasy came away
stepping over wisps of grass with gaitered feet. When he
had reached the schoolhouse voices again contending
called to him. He turned his angry white moustache.
—What is it now? he cried continually without
—Cochrane and Halliday are on the same side, sir,
Stephen said.
—Will you wait in my study for a moment, Mr Deasy
said, till I restore order here.
And as he stepped fussily back across the field his old
man’s voice cried sternly:
51 of 1305
—What is the matter? What is it now?
Their sharp voices cried about him on all sides: their
many forms closed round him, the garish sunshine
bleaching the honey of his illdyed head.
Stale smoky air hung in the study with the smell of
drab abraded leather of its chairs. As on the first day he
bargained with me here. As it was in the beginning, is
now. On the sideboard the tray of Stuart coins, base
treasure of a bog: and ever shall be. And snug in their
spooncase of purple plush, faded, the twelve apostles
having preached to all the gentiles: world without end.
A hasty step over the stone porch and in the corridor.
Blowing out his rare moustache Mr Deasy halted at the
—First, our little financial settlement, he said.
He brought out of his coat a pocketbook bound by a
leather thong. It slapped open and he took from it two
notes, one of joined halves, and laid them carefully on the
—Two, he said, strapping and stowing his pocketbook
And now his strongroom for the gold. Stephen’s
embarrassed hand moved over the shells heaped in the
cold stone mortar: whelks and money cowries and leopard
52 of 1305
shells: and this, whorled as an emir’s turban, and this, the
scallop of saint James. An old pilgrim’s hoard, dead
treasure, hollow shells.
A sovereign fell, bright and new, on the soft pile of the
—Three, Mr Deasy said, turning his little savingsbox
about in his hand. These are handy things to have. See.
This is for sovereigns. This is for shillings. Sixpences,
halfcrowns. And here crowns. See.
He shot from it two crowns and two shillings.
—Three twelve, he said. I think you’ll find that’s right.
—Thank you, sir, Stephen said, gathering the money
together with shy haste and putting it all in a pocket of his
—No thanks at all, Mr Deasy said. You have earned it.
Stephen’s hand, free again, went back to the hollow
shells. Symbols too of beauty and of power. A lump in my
pocket: symbols soiled by greed and misery.
—Don’t carry it like that, Mr Deasy said. You’ll pull it
out somewhere and lose it. You just buy one of these
machines. You’ll find them very handy.
Answer something.
—Mine would be often empty, Stephen said.
53 of 1305
The same room and hour, the same wisdom: and I the
same. Three times now. Three nooses round me here.
Well? I can break them in this instant if I will.
—Because you don’t save, Mr Deasy said, pointing his
finger. You don’t know yet what money is. Money is
power. When you have lived as long as I have. I know, I
know. If youth but knew. But what does Shakespeare say?
Put but money in thy purse.
—Iago, Stephen murmured.
He lifted his gaze from the idle shells to the old man’s
—He knew what money was, Mr Deasy said. He made
money. A poet, yes, but an Englishman too. Do you
know what is the pride of the English? Do you know
what is the proudest word you will ever hear from an
Englishman’s mouth?
The seas’ ruler. His seacold eyes looked on the empty
bay: it seems history is to blame: on me and on my words,
—That on his empire, Stephen said, the sun never sets.
—Ba! Mr Deasy cried. That’s not English. A French
Celt said that. He tapped his savingsbox against his
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—I will tell you, he said solemnly, what is his proudest
boast. I paid my way.
Good man, good man.
—I paid my way. I never borrowed a shilling in my life. Can
you feel that? I owe nothing. Can you?
Mulligan, nine pounds, three pairs of socks, one pair
brogues, ties. Curran, ten guineas. McCann, one guinea.
Fred Ryan, two shillings. Temple, two lunches. Russell,
one guinea, Cousins, ten shillings, Bob Reynolds, half a
guinea, Koehler, three guineas, Mrs MacKernan, five
weeks’ board. The lump I have is useless.
—For the moment, no, Stephen answered.
Mr Deasy laughed with rich delight, putting back his
—I knew you couldn’t, he said joyously. But one day
you must feel it. We are a generous people but we must
also be just.
—I fear those big words, Stephen said, which make us
so unhappy.
Mr Deasy stared sternly for some moments over the
mantelpiece at the shapely bulk of a man in tartan filibegs:
Albert Edward, prince of Wales.
—You think me an old fogey and an old tory, his
thoughtful voice said. I saw three generations since
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O’Connell’s time. I remember the famine in ‘46. Do you
know that the orange lodges agitated for repeal of the
union twenty years before O’Connell did or before the
prelates of your communion denounced him as a
demagogue? You fenians forget some things.
Glorious, pious and immortal memory. The lodge of
Diamond in Armagh the splendid behung with corpses of
papishes. Hoarse, masked and armed, the planters’
covenant. The black north and true blue bible. Croppies
lie down.
Stephen sketched a brief gesture.
—I have rebel blood in me too, Mr Deasy said. On the
spindle side. But I am descended from sir John Blackwood
who voted for the union. We are all Irish, all kings’ sons.
—Alas, Stephen said.
Per vias rectas, Mr Deasy said firmly, was his motto.
He voted for it and put on his topboots to ride to Dublin
from the Ards of Down to do so.
Lal the ral the ra
The rocky road to Dublin.
A gruff squire on horseback with shiny topboots. Soft
day, sir John! Soft day, your honour! ... Day! ... Day! ...
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Two topboots jog dangling on to Dublin. Lal the ral the
ra. Lal the ral the raddy.
—That reminds me, Mr Deasy said. You can do me a
favour, Mr Dedalus, with some of your literary friends. I
have a letter here for the press. Sit down a moment. I have
just to copy the end.
He went to the desk near the window, pulled in his
chair twice and read off some words from the sheet on the
drum of his typewriter.
—Sit down. Excuse me, he said over his shoulder, the
dictates of common sense. Just a moment.
He peered from under his shaggy brows at the
manuscript by his elbow and, muttering, began to prod
the stiff buttons of the keyboard slowly, sometimes
blowing as he screwed up the drum to erase an error.
Stephen seated himself noiselessly before the princely
presence. Framed around the walls images of vanished
horses stood in homage, their meek heads poised in air:
lord Hastings’ Repulse, the duke of Westminster’s
Shotover, the duke of Beaufort’s Ceylon, prix de Paris,
1866. Elfin riders sat them, watchful of a sign. He saw
their speeds, backing king’s colours, and shouted with the
shouts of vanished crowds.
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—Full stop, Mr Deasy bade his keys. But prompt
ventilation of this allimportant question ...
Where Cranly led me to get rich quick, hunting his
winners among the mudsplashed brakes, amid the bawls of
bookies on their pitches and reek of the canteen, over the
motley slush. Fair Rebel! Fair Rebel! Even money the
favourite: ten to one the field. Dicers and thimbleriggers
we hurried by after the hoofs, the vying caps and jackets
and past the meatfaced woman, a butcher’s dame, nuzzling
thirstily her clove of orange.
Shouts rang shrill from the boys’ playfield and a
whirring whistle.
Again: a goal. I am among them, among their battling
bodies in a medley, the joust of life. You mean that
knockkneed mother’s darling who seems to be slightly
crawsick? Jousts. Time shocked rebounds, shock by shock.
Jousts, slush and uproar of battles, the frozen deathspew of
the slain, a shout of spearspikes baited with men’s bloodied
—Now then, Mr Deasy said, rising.
He came to the table, pinning together his sheets.
Stephen stood up.
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—I have put the matter into a nutshell, Mr Deasy said.
It’s about the foot and mouth disease. Just look through it.
There can be no two opinions on the matter.
May I trespass on your valuable space. That doctrine of
laissez faire which so often in our history. Our cattle trade.
The way of all our old industries. Liverpool ring which
jockeyed the Galway harbour scheme. European
conflagration. Grain supplies through the narrow waters of
the channel. The pluterperfect imperturbability of the
department of agriculture. Pardoned a classical allusion.
Cassandra. By a woman who was no better than she
should be. To come to the point at issue.
—I don’t mince words, do I? Mr Deasy asked as
Stephen read on.
Foot and mouth disease. Known as Koch’s preparation.
Serum and virus. Percentage of salted horses. Rinderpest.
Emperor’s horses at Murzsteg, lower Austria. Veterinary
surgeons. Mr Henry Blackwood Price. Courteous offer a
fair trial. Dictates of common sense. Allimportant
question. In every sense of the word take the bull by the
horns. Thanking you for the hospitality of your columns.
—I want that to be printed and read, Mr Deasy said.
You will see at the next outbreak they will put an
embargo on Irish cattle. And it can be cured. It is cured.
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My cousin, Blackwood Price, writes to me it is regularly
treated and cured in Austria by cattledoctors there. They
offer to come over here. I am trying to work up influence
with the department. Now I’m going to try publicity. I
am surrounded by difficulties, by ... intrigues by ...
backstairs influence by ...
He raised his forefinger and beat the air oldly before his
voice spoke.
—Mark my words, Mr Dedalus, he said. England is in
the hands of the jews. In all the highest places: her finance,
her press. And they are the signs of a nation’s decay.
Wherever they gather they eat up the nation’s vital
strength. I have seen it coming these years. As sure as we
are standing here the jew merchants are already at their
work of destruction. Old England is dying.
He stepped swiftly off, his eyes coming to blue life as
they passed a broad sunbeam. He faced about and back
—Dying, he said again, if not dead by now.
The harlot’s cry from street to street
Shall weave old England’s windingsheet.
His eyes open wide in vision stared sternly across the
sunbeam in which he halted.
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—A merchant, Stephen said, is one who buys cheap
and sells dear, jew or gentile, is he not?
—They sinned against the light, Mr Deasy said gravely.
And you can see the darkness in their eyes. And that is
why they are wanderers on the earth to this day.
On the steps of the Paris stock exchange the
goldskinned men quoting prices on their gemmed fingers.
Gabble of geese. They swarmed loud, uncouth about the
temple, their heads thickplotting under maladroit silk hats.
Not theirs: these clothes, this speech, these gestures. Their
full slow eyes belied the words, the gestures eager and
unoffending, but knew the rancours massed about them
and knew their zeal was vain. Vain patience to heap and
hoard. Time surely would scatter all. A hoard heaped by
the roadside: plundered and passing on. Their eyes knew
their years of wandering and, patient, knew the dishonours
of their flesh.
—Who has not? Stephen said.
—What do you mean? Mr Deasy asked.
He came forward a pace and stood by the table. His
underjaw fell sideways open uncertainly. Is this old
wisdom? He waits to hear from me.
—History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I
am trying to awake.
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From the playfield the boys raised a shout. A whirring
whistle: goal. What if that nightmare gave you a back
—The ways of the Creator are not our ways, Mr Deasy
said. All human history moves towards one great goal, the
manifestation of God.
Stephen jerked his thumb towards the window, saying:
—That is God.
Hooray! Ay! Whrrwhee!
—What? Mr Deasy asked.
—A shout in the street, Stephen answered, shrugging
his shoulders.
Mr Deasy looked down and held for awhile the wings
of his nose tweaked between his fingers. Looking up again
he set them free.
—I am happier than you are, he said. We have
committed many errors and many sins. A woman brought
sin into the world. For a woman who was no better than
she should be, Helen, the runaway wife of Menelaus, ten
years the Greeks made war on Troy. A faithless wife first
brought the strangers to our shore here, MacMurrough’s
wife and her leman, O’Rourke, prince of Breffni. A
woman too brought Parnell low. Many errors, many
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failures but not the one sin. I am a struggler now at the
end of my days. But I will fight for the right till the end.
For Ulster will fight
And Ulster will be right.
Stephen raised the sheets in his hand.
—Well, sir, he began ...
—I foresee, Mr Deasy said, that you will not remain
here very long at this work. You were not born to be a
teacher, I think. Perhaps I am wrong.
—A learner rather, Stephen said.
And here what will you learn more?
Mr Deasy shook his head.
—Who knows? he said. To learn one must be humble.
But life is the great teacher.
Stephen rustled the sheets again.
—As regards these, he began.
—Yes, Mr Deasy said. You have two copies there. If
you can have them published at once.
Telegraph. Irish Homestead.
—I will try, Stephen said, and let you know tomorrow.
I know two editors slightly.
—That will do, Mr Deasy said briskly. I wrote last
night to Mr Field, M.P. There is a meeting of the
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cattletraders’ association today at the City Arms hotel. I
asked him to lay my letter before the meeting. You see if
you can get it into your two papers. What are they?
—The Evening Telegraph ...
—That will do, Mr Deasy said. There is no time to
lose. Now I have to answer that letter from my cousin.
—Good morning, sir, Stephen said, putting the sheets
in his pocket. Thank you.
—Not at all, Mr Deasy said as he searched the papers
on his desk. I like to break a lance with you, old as I am.
—Good morning, sir, Stephen said again, bowing to
his bent back.
He went out by the open porch and down the gravel
path under the trees, hearing the cries of voices and crack
of sticks from the playfield. The lions couchant on the
pillars as he passed out through the gate: toothless terrors.
Still I will help him in his fight. Mulligan will dub me a
new name: the bullockbefriending bard.
—Mr Dedalus!
Running after me. No more letters, I hope.
—Just one moment.
—Yes, sir, Stephen said, turning back at the gate.
Mr Deasy halted, breathing hard and swallowing his
64 of 1305
—I just wanted to say, he said. Ireland, they say, has the
honour of being the only country which never persecuted
the jews. Do you know that? No. And do you know
He frowned sternly on the bright air.
—Why, sir? Stephen asked, beginning to smile.
—Because she never let them in, Mr Deasy said
A coughball of laughter leaped from his throat dragging
after it a rattling chain of phlegm. He turned back quickly,
coughing, laughing, his lifted arms waving to the air.
—She never let them in, he cried again through his
laughter as he stamped on gaitered feet over the gravel of
the path. That’s why.
On his wise shoulders through the checkerwork of
leaves the sun flung spangles, dancing coins.
* * * * *
Ineluctable modality of the visible: at least that if no
more, thought through my eyes. Signatures of all things I
am here to read, seaspawn and seawrack, the nearing tide,
that rusty boot. Snotgreen, bluesilver, rust: coloured signs.
Limits of the diaphane. But he adds: in bodies. Then he
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was aware of them bodies before of them coloured. How?
By knocking his sconce against them, sure. Go easy. Bald
he was and a millionaire, maestro di color che sanno. Limit of
the diaphane in. Why in? Diaphane, adiaphane. If you can
put your five fingers through it it is a gate, if not a door.
Shut your eyes and see.
Stephen closed his eyes to hear his boots crush
crackling wrack and shells. You are walking through it
howsomever. I am, a stride at a time. A very short space of
time through very short times of space. Five, six: the
nacheinander. Exactly: and that is the ineluctable modality
of the audible. Open your eyes. No. Jesus! If I fell over a
cliff that beetles o’er his base, fell through the nebeneinander
ineluctably! I am getting on nicely in the dark. My ash
sword hangs at my side. Tap with it: they do. My two feet
in his boots are at the ends of his legs, nebeneinander.
Sounds solid: made by the mallet of Los Demiurgos. Am I
walking into eternity along Sandymount strand? Crush,
crack, crick, crick. Wild sea money. Dominie Deasy kens
them a’.
Won’t you come to Sandymount,
Madeline the mare?
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Rhythm begins, you see. I hear. Acatalectic tetrameter
of iambs marching. No, agallop: deline the mare.
Open your eyes now. I will. One moment. Has all
vanished since? If I open and am for ever in the black
adiaphane. Basta! I will see if I can see.
See now. There all the time without you: and ever
shall be, world without end.
They came down the steps from Leahy’s terrace
prudently, Frauenzimmer: and down the shelving shore
flabbily, their splayed feet sinking in the silted sand. Like
me, like Algy, coming down to our mighty mother.
Number one swung lourdily her midwife’s bag, the other’s
gamp poked in the beach. From the liberties, out for the
day. Mrs Florence MacCabe, relict of the late Patk
MacCabe, deeply lamented, of Bride Street. One of her
sisterhood lugged me squealing into life. Creation from
nothing. What has she in the bag? A misbirth with a
trailing navelcord, hushed in ruddy wool. The cords of all
link back, strandentwining cable of all flesh. That is why
mystic monks. Will you be as gods? Gaze in your
omphalos. Hello! Kinch here. Put me on to Edenville.
Aleph, alpha: nought, nought, one.
Spouse and helpmate of Adam Kadmon: Heva, naked
Eve. She had no navel. Gaze. Belly without blemish,
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bulging big, a buckler of taut vellum, no, whiteheaped
corn, orient and immortal, standing from everlasting to
everlasting. Womb of sin.
Wombed in sin darkness I was too, made not begotten.
By them, the man with my voice and my eyes and a
ghostwoman with ashes on her breath. They clasped and
sundered, did the coupler’s will. From before the ages He
willed me and now may not will me away or ever. A lex
eterna stays about Him. Is that then the divine substance
wherein Father and Son are consubstantial? Where is poor
dear Arius to try conclusions? Warring his life long upon
the contransmagnificandjewbangtantiality. Illstarred
heresiarch’ In a Greek watercloset he breathed his last:
euthanasia. With beaded mitre and with crozier, stalled
upon his throne, widower of a widowed see, with
upstiffed omophorion, with clotted hinderparts.
Airs romped round him, nipping and eager airs. They
are coming, waves. The whitemaned seahorses, champing,
brightwindbridled, the steeds of Mananaan.
I mustn’t forget his letter for the press. And after? The
Ship, half twelve. By the way go easy with that money
like a good young imbecile.
Yes, I must.
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His pace slackened. Here. Am I going to aunt Sara’s or
not? My consubstantial father’s voice. Did you see
anything of your artist brother Stephen lately? No? Sure
he’s not down in Strasburg terrace with his aunt
Sally? Couldn’t he fly a bit higher than that, eh? And
and and and tell us, Stephen, how is uncle Si? O, weeping
God, the things I married into! De boys up in de hayloft.
The drunken little costdrawer and his brother, the cornet
player. Highly respectable gondoliers! And skeweyed
Walter sirring his father, no less! Sir. Yes, sir. No, sir. Jesus
wept: and no wonder, by Christ!
I pull the wheezy bell of their shuttered cottage: and
wait. They take me for a dun, peer out from a coign of
—It’s Stephen, sir.
—Let him in. Let Stephen in.
A bolt drawn back and Walter welcomes me.
—We thought you were someone else.
In his broad bed nuncle Richie, pillowed and
blanketed, extends over the hillock of his knees a sturdy
forearm. Cleanchested. He has washed the upper moiety.
—Morrow, nephew.
He lays aside the lapboard whereon he drafts his bills of
costs for the eyes of master Goff and master Shapland
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Tandy, filing consents and common searches and a writ of
Duces Tecum. A bogoak frame over his bald head: Wilde’s
Requiescat. The drone of his misleading whistle brings
Walter back.
—Yes, sir?
—Malt for Richie and Stephen, tell mother. Where is
—Bathing Crissie, sir.
Papa’s little bedpal. Lump of love.
—No, uncle Richie ...
—Call me Richie. Damn your lithia water. It lowers.
—Uncle Richie, really ...
—Sit down or by the law Harry I’ll knock you down.
Walter squints vainly for a chair.
—He has nothing to sit down on, sir.
—He has nowhere to put it, you mug. Bring in our
chippendale chair. Would you like a bite of something?
None of your damned lawdeedaw airs here. The rich of a
rasher fried with a herring? Sure? So much the better. We
have nothing in the house but backache pills.
He drones bars of Ferrando’s aria di sortita. The grandest
number, Stephen, in the whole opera. Listen.
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His tuneful whistle sounds again, finely shaded, with
rushes of the air, his fists bigdrumming on his padded
This wind is sweeter.
Houses of decay, mine, his and all. You told the
Clongowes gentry you had an uncle a judge and an uncle
a general in the army. Come out of them, Stephen.
Beauty is not there. Nor in the stagnant bay of Marsh’s
library where you read the fading prophecies of Joachim
Abbas. For whom? The hundredheaded rabble of the
cathedral close. A hater of his kind ran from them to the
wood of madness, his mane foaming in the moon, his
eyeballs stars. Houyhnhnm, horsenostrilled. The oval
equine faces, Temple, Buck Mulligan, Foxy Campbell,
Lanternjaws. Abbas father,— furious dean, what offence
laid fire to their brains? Paff! Descende, calve, ut ne amplius
decalveris. A garland of grey hair on his comminated head
see him me clambering down to the footpace (descende!),
clutching a monstrance, basiliskeyed. Get down, baldpoll!
A choir gives back menace and echo, assisting about the
altar’s horns, the snorted Latin of jackpriests moving burly
in their albs, tonsured and oiled and gelded, fat with the
fat of kidneys of wheat.
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And at the same instant perhaps a priest round the
corner is elevating it. Dringdring! And two streets off
another locking it into a pyx. Dringadring! And in a
ladychapel another taking housel all to his own cheek.
Dringdring! Down, up, forward, back. Dan Occam
thought of that, invincible doctor. A misty English
morning the imp hypostasis tickled his brain. Bringing his
host down and kneeling he heard twine with his second
bell the first bell in the transept (he is lifting his) and,
rising, heard (now I am lifting) their two bells (he is
kneeling) twang in diphthong.
Cousin Stephen, you will never be a saint. Isle of saints.
You were awfully holy, weren’t you? You prayed to the
Blessed Virgin that you might not have a red nose. You
prayed to the devil in Serpentine avenue that the fubsy
widow in front might lift her clothes still more from the
wet street. O si, certo! Sell your soul for that, do, dyed rags
pinned round a squaw. More tell me, more still!! On the
top of the Howth tram alone crying to the rain: Naked
women! naked women! What about that, eh?
What about what? What else were they invented for?
Reading two pages apiece of seven books every night,
eh? I was young. You bowed to yourself in the mirror,
stepping forward to applause earnestly, striking face.
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Hurray for the Goddamned idiot! Hray! No-one saw: tell
no-one. Books you were going to write with letters for
titles. Have you read his F? O yes, but I prefer Q. Yes, but
W is wonderful. O yes, W. Remember your epiphanies
written on green oval leaves, deeply deep, copies to be
sent if you died to all the great libraries of the world,
including Alexandria? Someone was to read them there
after a few thousand years, a mahamanvantara. Pico della
Mirandola like. Ay, very like a whale. When one reads
these strange pages of one long gone one feels that one is
at one with one who once ...
The grainy sand had gone from under his feet. His
boots trod again a damp crackling mast, razorshells,
squeaking pebbles, that on the unnumbered pebbles beats,
wood sieved by the shipworm, lost Armada.
Unwholesome sandflats waited to suck his treading soles,
breathing upward sewage breath, a pocket of seaweed
smouldered in seafire under a midden of man’s ashes. He
coasted them, walking warily. A porterbottle stood up,
stogged to its waist, in the cakey sand dough. A sentinel:
isle of dreadful thirst. Broken hoops on the shore; at the
land a maze of dark cunning nets; farther away
chalkscrawled backdoors and on the higher beach a
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dryingline with two crucified shirts. Ringsend: wigwams
of brown steersmen and master mariners. Human shells.
He halted. I have passed the way to aunt Sara’s. Am I
not going there? Seems not. No-one about. He turned
northeast and crossed the firmer sand towards the
—Qui vous a mis dans cette fichue position?
—c’est le pigeon, Joseph.
Patrice, home on furlough, lapped warm milk with me
in the bar MacMahon. Son of the wild goose, Kevin Egan
of Paris. My father’s a bird, he lapped the sweet lait chaud
with pink young tongue, plump bunny’s face. Lap, lapin.
He hopes to win in the gros lots. About the nature of
women he read in Michelet. But he must send me La Vie
de Jesus by M. Leo Taxil. Lent it to his friend.
—C’est tordant, vous savez. Moi, je suis socialiste. Je ne
crois pas en l’existence de Dieu. Faut pas le dire a mon p-re.
—Il croit?
—Mon pere, oui.
Schluss. He laps.
My Latin quarter hat. God, we simply must dress the
character. I want puce gloves. You were a student,
weren’t you? Of what in the other devil’s name?
Paysayenn. P. C. N., you know: physiques, chimiques et
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naturelles. Aha. Eating your groatsworth of mou en civet,
fleshpots of Egypt, elbowed by belching cabmen. Just say
in the most natural tone: when I was in Paris; boul’ Mich’, I
used to. Yes, used to carry punched tickets to prove an
alibi if they arrested you for murder somewhere. Justice.
On the night of the seventeenth of February 1904 the
prisoner was seen by two witnesses. Other fellow did it:
other me. Hat, tie, overcoat, nose. Lui, c’est moi. You
seem to have enjoyed yourself.
Proudly walking. Whom were you trying to walk like?
Forget: a dispossessed. With mother’s money order, eight
shillings, the banging door of the post office slammed in
your face by the usher. Hunger toothache. Encore deux
minutes. Look clock. Must get. Ferme. Hired dog! Shoot
him to bloody bits with a bang shotgun, bits man spattered
walls all brass buttons. Bits all khrrrrklak in place clack
back. Not hurt? O, that’s all right. Shake hands. See what
I meant, see? O, that’s all right. Shake a shake. O, that’s all
only all right.
You were going to do wonders, what? Missionary to
Europe after fiery Columbanus. Fiacre and Scotus on their
creepystools in heaven spilt from their pintpots,
loudlatinlaughing: Euge! Euge! Pretending to speak broken
English as you dragged your valise, porter threepence,
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across the slimy pier at Newhaven. Comment? Rich booty
you brought back; Le Tutu, five tattered numbers of
Pantalon Blanc et Culotte Rouge; a blue French telegram,
curiosity to show:
—Mother dying come home father.
The aunt thinks you killed your mother. That’s why
she won’t.
Then here’s a health to Mulligan’s aunt
And I’ll tell you the reason why.
She always kept things decent in
The Hannigan famileye.
His feet marched in sudden proud rhythm over the
sand furrows, along by the boulders of the south wall. He
stared at them proudly, piled stone mammoth skulls. Gold
light on sea, on sand, on boulders. The sun is there, the
slender trees, the lemon houses.
Paris rawly waking, crude sunlight on her lemon
streets. Moist pith of farls of bread, the froggreen
wormwood, her matin incense, court the air. Belluomo
rises from the bed of his wife’s lover’s wife, the kerchiefed
housewife is astir, a saucer of acetic acid in her hand. In
Rodot’s Yvonne and Madeleine newmake their tumbled
beauties, shattering with gold teeth chaussons of pastry,
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their mouths yellowed with the pus of flan breton. Faces of
Paris men go by, their wellpleased pleasers, curled
Noon slumbers. Kevin Egan rolls gunpowder cigarettes
through fingers smeared with printer’s ink, sipping his
green fairy as Patrice his white. About us gobblers fork
spiced beans down their gullets. Un demi setier! A jet of
coffee steam from the burnished caldron. She serves me at
his beck. Il est irlandais. Hollandais? Non fromage. Deux
irlandais, nous, Irlande, vous savez ah, oui! She thought you
wanted a cheese hollandais. Your postprandial, do you
know that word? Postprandial. There was a fellow I knew
once in Barcelona, queer fellow, used to call it his
postprandial. Well: slainte! Around the slabbed tables the
tangle of wined breaths and grumbling gorges. His breath
hangs over our saucestained plates, the green fairy’s fang
thrusting between his lips. Of Ireland, the Dalcassians, of
hopes, conspiracies, of Arthur Griffith now, A E,
pimander, good shepherd of men. To yoke me as his
yokefellow, our crimes our common cause. You’re your
father’s son. I know the voice. His fustian shirt,
sanguineflowered, trembles its Spanish tassels at his secrets.
M. Drumont, famous journalist, Drumont, know what he
called queen Victoria? Old hag with the yellow teeth.
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Vieille ogresse with the dents jaunes. Maud Gonne, beautiful
woman, La Patrie, M. Millevoye, Felix Faure, know how
he died? Licentious men. The froeken, bonne a tout faire,
who rubs male nakedness in the bath at Upsala. Moi faire,
she said, Tous les messieurs. Not this Monsieur, I said. Most
licentious custom. Bath a most private thing. I wouldn’t
let my brother, not even my own brother, most lascivious
thing. Green eyes, I see you. Fang, I feel. Lascivious
The blue fuse burns deadly between hands and burns
clear. Loose tobaccoshreds catch fire: a flame and acrid
smoke light our corner. Raw facebones under his peep of
day boy’s hat. How the head centre got away, authentic
version. Got up as a young bride, man, veil,
orangeblossoms, drove out the road to Malahide. Did,
faith. Of lost leaders, the betrayed, wild escapes. Disguises,
clutched at, gone, not here.
Spurned lover. I was a strapping young gossoon at that
time, I tell you. I’ll show you my likeness one day. I was,
faith. Lover, for her love he prowled with colonel Richard
Burke, tanist of his sept, under the walls of Clerkenwell
and, crouching, saw a flame of vengeance hurl them
upward in the fog. Shattered glass and toppling masonry.
In gay Paree he hides, Egan of Paris, unsought by any save
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by me. Making his day’s stations, the dingy printingcase,
his three taverns, the Montmartre lair he sleeps short night
in, rue de la Goutte-d’Or, damascened with flyblown faces
of the gone. Loveless, landless, wifeless. She is quite nicey
comfy without her outcast man, madame in rue Git-le-
Coeur, canary and two buck lodgers. Peachy cheeks, a
zebra skirt, frisky as a young thing’s. Spurned and
undespairing. Tell Pat you saw me, won’t you? I wanted
to get poor Pat a job one time. Mon fils, soldier of France.
I taught him to sing The boys of Kilkenny are stout roaring
blades. Know that old lay? I taught Patrice that. Old
Kilkenny: saint Canice, Strongbow’s castle on the Nore.
Goes like this. O, O. He takes me, Napper Tandy, by the
Weak wasting hand on mine. They have forgotten
Kevin Egan, not he them. Remembering thee, O Sion.
He had come nearer the edge of the sea and wet sand
slapped his boots. The new air greeted him, harping in
wild nerves, wind of wild air of seeds of brightness. Here,
I am not walking out to the Kish lightship, am I? He stood
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suddenly, his feet beginning to sink slowly in the quaking
soil. Turn back.
Turning, he scanned the shore south, his feet sinking
again slowly in new sockets. The cold domed room of the
tower waits. Through the barbacans the shafts of light are
moving ever, slowly ever as my feet are sinking, creeping
duskward over the dial floor. Blue dusk, nightfall, deep
blue night. In the darkness of the dome they wait, their
pushedback chairs, my obelisk valise, around a board of
abandoned platters. Who to clear it? He has the key. I will
not sleep there when this night comes. A shut door of a
silent tower, entombing their—blind bodies, the
panthersahib and his pointer. Call: no answer. He lifted his
feet up from the suck and turned back by the mole of
boulders. Take all, keep all. My soul walks with me, form
of forms. So in the moon’s midwatches I pace the path
above the rocks, in sable silvered, hearing Elsinore’s
tempting flood.
The flood is following me. I can watch it flow past
from here. Get back then by the Poolbeg road to the
strand there. He climbed over the sedge and eely oarweeds
and sat on a stool of rock, resting his ashplant in a grike.
A bloated carcass of a dog lay lolled on bladderwrack.
Before him the gunwale of a boat, sunk in sand. Un coche
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ensablé Louis Veuillot called Gautier’s prose. These heavy
sands are language tide and wind have silted here. And
these, the stoneheaps of dead builders, a warren of weasel
rats. Hide gold there. Try it. You have some. Sands and
stones. Heavy of the past. Sir Lout’s toys. Mind you don’t
get one bang on the ear. I’m the bloody well gigant rolls
all them bloody well boulders, bones for my
steppingstones. Feefawfum. I zmellz de bloodz odz an
A point, live dog, grew into sight running across the
sweep of sand. Lord, is he going to attack me? Respect his
liberty. You will not be master of others or their slave. I
have my stick. Sit tight. From farther away, walking
shoreward across from the crested tide, figures, two. The
two maries. They have tucked it safe mong the bulrushes.
Peekaboo. I see you. No, the dog. He is running back to
them. Who?
Galleys of the Lochlanns ran here to beach, in quest of
prey, their bloodbeaked prows riding low on a molten
pewter surf. Dane vikings, torcs of tomahawks aglitter on
their breasts when Malachi wore the collar of gold. A
school of turlehide whales stranded in hot noon, spouting,
hobbling in the shallows. Then from the starving
cagework city a horde of jerkined dwarfs, my people, with
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flayers’ knives, running, scaling, hacking in green blubbery
whalemeat. Famine, plague and slaughters. Their blood is
in me, their lusts my waves. I moved among them on the
frozen Liffey, that I, a changeling, among the spluttering
resin fires. I spoke to no-one: none to me.
The dog’s bark ran towards him, stopped, ran back.
Dog of my enemy. I just simply stood pale, silent, bayed
about. Terribilia meditans. A primrose doublet, fortune’s
knave, smiled on my fear. For that are you pining, the
bark of their applause? Pretenders: live their lives. The
Bruce’s brother, Thomas Fitzgerald, silken knight, Perkin
Warbeck, York’s false scion, in breeches of silk of
whiterose ivory, wonder of a day, and Lambert Simnel,
with a tail of nans and sutlers, a scullion crowned. All
kings’ sons. Paradise of pretenders then and now. He saved
men from drowning and you shake at a cur’s yelping. But
the courtiers who mocked Guido in Or san Michele were
in their own house. House of ... We don’t want any of
your medieval abstrusiosities. Would you do what he did?
A boat would be near, a lifebuoy. Natürlich, put there for
you. Would you or would you not? The man that was
drowned nine days ago off Maiden’s rock. They are
waiting for him now. The truth, spit it out. I would want
to. I would try. I am not a strong swimmer. Water cold
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soft. When I put my face into it in the basin at
Clongowes. Can’t see! Who’s behind me? Out quickly,
quickly! Do you see the tide flowing quickly in on all
sides, sheeting the lows of sand quickly,
shellcocoacoloured? If I had land under my feet. I want his
life still to be his, mine to be mine. A drowning man. His
human eyes scream to me out of horror of his death. I ...
With him together down ... I could not save her. Waters:
bitter death: lost.
A woman and a man. I see her skirties. Pinned up, I
Their dog ambled about a bank of dwindling sand,
trotting, sniffing on all sides. Looking for something lost in
a past life. Suddenly he made off like a bounding hare, ears
flung back, chasing the shadow of a lowskimming gull.
The man’s shrieked whistle struck his limp ears. He
turned, bounded back, came nearer, trotted on twinkling
shanks. On a field tenney a buck, trippant, proper,
unattired. At the lacefringe of the tide he halted with stiff
forehoofs, seawardpointed ears. His snout lifted barked at
the wavenoise, herds of seamorse. They serpented towards
his feet, curling, unfurling many crests, every ninth,
breaking, plashing, from far, from farther out, waves and
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Cocklepickers. They waded a little way in the water
and, stooping, soused their bags and, lifting them again,
waded out. The dog yelped running to them, reared up
and pawed them, dropping on all fours, again reared up at
them with mute bearish fawning. Unheeded he kept by
them as they came towards the drier sand, a rag of wolf’s
tongue redpanting from his jaws. His speckled body
ambled ahead of them and then loped off at a calf’s gallop.
The carcass lay on his path. He stopped, sniffed, stalked
round it, brother, nosing closer, went round it, sniffling
rapidly like a dog all over the dead dog’s bedraggled fell.
Dogskull, dogsniff, eyes on the ground, moves to one
great goal. Ah, poor dogsbody! Here lies poor dogsbody’s
—Tatters! Out of that, you mongrel!
The cry brought him skulking back to his master and a
blunt bootless kick sent him unscathed across a spit of
sand, crouched in flight. He slunk back in a curve.
Doesn’t see me. Along by the edge of the mole he
lolloped, dawdled, smelt a rock. and from under a cocked
hindleg pissed against it. He trotted forward and, lifting
again his hindleg, pissed quick short at an unsmelt rock.
The simple pleasures of the poor. His hindpaws then
scattered the sand: then his forepaws dabbled and delved.
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Something he buried there, his grandmother. He rooted in
the sand, dabbling, delving and stopped to listen to the air,
scraped up the sand again with a fury of his claws, soon
ceasing, a pard, a panther, got in spousebreach, vulturing
the dead.
After he woke me last night same dream or was it?
Wait. Open hallway. Street of harlots. Remember.
Haroun al Raschid. I am almosting it. That man led me,
spoke. I was not afraid. The melon he had he held against
my face. Smiled: creamfruit smell. That was the rule, said.
In. Come. Red carpet spread. You will see who.
Shouldering their bags they trudged, the red Egyptians.
His blued feet out of turnedup trousers slapped the
clammy sand, a dull brick muffler strangling his unshaven
neck. With woman steps she followed: the ruffian and his
strolling mort. Spoils slung at her back. Loose sand and
shellgrit crusted her bare feet. About her windraw face
hair trailed. Behind her lord, his helpmate, bing awast to
Romeville. When night hides her body’s flaws calling
under her brown shawl from an archway where dogs have
mired. Her fancyman is treating two Royal Dublins in
O’Loughlin’s of Blackpitts. Buss her, wap in rogues’ rum
lingo, for, O, my dimber wapping dell! A shefiend’s
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whiteness under her rancid rags. Fumbally’s lane that
night: the tanyard smells.
White thy fambles, red thy gan
And thy quarrons dainty is.
Couch a hogshead with me then.
In the darkmans clip and kiss.
Morose delectation Aquinas tunbelly calls this, frate
porcospino. Unfallen Adam rode and not rutted. Call away
let him: thy quarrons dainty is. Language no whit worse
than his. Monkwords, marybeads jabber on their girdles:
roguewords, tough nuggets patter in their pockets.
Passing now.
A side eye at my Hamlet hat. If I were suddenly naked
here as I sit? I am not. Across the sands of all the world,
followed by the sun’s flaming sword, to the west, trekking
to evening lands. She trudges, schlepps, trains, drags,
trascines her load. A tide westering, moondrawn, in her
wake. Tides, myriadislanded, within her, blood not mine,
oinopa ponton, a winedark sea. Behold the handmaid of the
moon. In sleep the wet sign calls her hour, bids her rise.
Bridebed, childbed, bed of death, ghostcandled. Omnis caro
ad te veniet. He comes, pale vampire, through storm his
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eyes, his bat sails bloodying the sea, mouth to her mouth’s
Here. Put a pin in that chap, will you? My tablets.
Mouth to her kiss.
No. Must be two of em. Glue em well. Mouth to her
mouth’s kiss.
His lips lipped and mouthed fleshless lips of air: mouth
to her moomb. Oomb, allwombing tomb. His mouth
moulded issuing breath, unspeeched: ooeeehah: roar of
cataractic planets, globed, blazing, roaring
wayawayawayawayaway. Paper. The banknotes, blast
them. Old Deasy’s letter. Here. Thanking you for the
hospitality tear the blank end off. Turning his back to the
sun he bent over far to a table of rock and scribbled words.
That’s twice I forgot to take slips from the library counter.
His shadow lay over the rocks as he bent, ending. Why
not endless till the farthest star? Darkly they are there
behind this light, darkness shining in the brightness, delta
of Cassiopeia, worlds. Me sits there with his augur’s rod of
ash, in borrowed sandals, by day beside a livid sea,
unbeheld, in violet night walking beneath a reign of
uncouth stars. I throw this ended shadow from me,
manshape ineluctable, call it back. Endless, would it be
mine, form of my form? Who watches me here? Who
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ever anywhere will read these written words? Signs on a
white field. Somewhere to someone in your flutiest voice.
The good bishop of Cloyne took the veil of the temple
out of his shovel hat: veil of space with coloured emblems
hatched on its field. Hold hard. Coloured on a flat: yes,
that’s right. Flat I see, then think distance, near, far, flat I
see, east, back. Ah, see now! Falls back suddenly, frozen in
stereoscope. Click does the trick. You find my words
dark. Darkness is in our souls do you not think? Flutier.
Our souls, shamewounded by our sins, cling to us yet
more, a woman to her lover clinging, the more the more.
She trusts me, her hand gentle, the longlashed eyes.
Now where the blue hell am I bringing her beyond the
veil? Into the ineluctable modality of the ineluctable
visuality. She, she, she. What she? The virgin at Hodges
Figgis’ window on Monday looking in for one of the
alphabet books you were going to write. Keen glance you
gave her. Wrist through the braided jesse of her sunshade.
She lives in Leeson park with a grief and kickshaws, a lady
of letters. Talk that to someone else, Stevie: a pickmeup.
Bet she wears those curse of God stays suspenders and
yellow stockings, darned with lumpy wool. Talk about
apple dumplings, piuttosto. Where are your wits?
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Touch me. Soft eyes. Soft soft soft hand. I am lonely
here. O, touch me soon, now. What is that word known
to all men? I am quiet here alone. Sad too. Touch, touch
He lay back at full stretch over the sharp rocks,
cramming the scribbled note and pencil into a pock his
hat. His hat down on his eyes. That is Kevin Egan’s
movement I made, nodding for his nap, sabbath sleep. Et
vidit Deus. Et erant valde bona. Alo! Bonjour. Welcome as
the flowers in May. Under its leaf he watched through
peacocktwittering lashes the southing sun. I am caught in
this burning scene. Pan’s hour, the faunal noon. Among
gumheavy serpentplants, milkoozing fruits, where on the
tawny waters leaves lie wide. Pain is far.
And no more turn aside and brood.
His gaze brooded on his broadtoed boots, a buck’s
castoffs, nebeneinander. He counted the creases of rucked
leather wherein another’s foot had nested warm. The foot
that beat the ground in tripudium, foot I dislove. But you
were delighted when Esther Osvalt’s shoe went on you:
girl I knew in Paris. Tiens, quel petit pied! Staunch friend, a
brother soul: Wilde’s love that dare not speak its name.
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His arm: Cranly’s arm. He now will leave me. And the
blame? As I am. As I am. All or not at all.
In long lassoes from the Cock lake the water flowed
full, covering greengoldenly lagoons of sand, rising,
flowing. My ashplant will float away. I shall wait. No, they
will pass on, passing, chafing against the low rocks,
swirling, passing. Better get this job over quick. Listen: a
fourworded wavespeech: seesoo, hrss, rsseeiss, ooos.
Vehement breath of waters amid seasnakes, rearing horses,
rocks. In cups of rocks it slops: flop, slop, slap: bounded in
barrels. And, spent, its speech ceases. It flows purling,
widely flowing, floating foampool, flower unfurling.
Under the upswelling tide he saw the writhing weeds
lift languidly and sway reluctant arms, hising up their
petticoats, in whispering water swaying and upturning coy
silver fronds. Day by day: night by night: lifted, flooded
and let fall. Lord, they are weary; and, whispered to, they
sigh. Saint Ambrose heard it, sigh of leaves and waves,
waiting, awaiting the fullness of their times, diebus ac
noctibus iniurias patiens ingemiscit. To no end gathered;
vainly then released, forthflowing, wending back: loom of
the moon. Weary too in sight of lovers, lascivious men, a
naked woman shining in her courts, she draws a toil of
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Five fathoms out there. Full fathom five thy father lies.
At one, he said. Found drowned. High water at Dublin
bar. Driving before it a loose drift of rubble, fanshoals of
fishes, silly shells. A corpse rising saltwhite from the
undertow, bobbing a pace a pace a porpoise landward.
There he is. Hook it quick. Pull. Sunk though he be
beneath the watery floor. We have him. Easy now.
Bag of corpsegas sopping in foul brine. A quiver of
minnows, fat of a spongy titbit, flash through the slits of
his buttoned trouserfly. God becomes man becomes fish
becomes barnacle goose becomes featherbed mountain.
Dead breaths I living breathe, tread dead dust, devour a
urinous offal from all dead. Hauled stark over the gunwale
he breathes upward the stench of his green grave, his
leprous nosehole snoring to the sun.
A seachange this, brown eyes saltblue. Seadeath, mildest
of all deaths known to man. Old Father Ocean. Prix de
paris: beware of imitations. Just you give it a fair trial. We
enjoyed ourselves immensely.
Come. I thirst. Clouding over. No black clouds
anywhere, are there? Thunderstorm. Allbright he falls,
proud lightning of the intellect, Lucifer, dico, qui nescit
occasum. No. My cockle hat and staff and hismy sandal
shoon. Where? To evening lands. Evening will find itself.
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He took the hilt of his ashplant, lunging with it softly,
dallying still. Yes, evening will find itself in me, without
me. All days make their end. By the way next when is it
Tuesday will be the longest day. Of all the glad new year,
mother, the rum tum tiddledy tum. Lawn Tennyson,
gentleman poet. Già. For the old hag with the yellow
teeth. And Monsieur Drumont, gentleman journalist. Già.
My teeth are very bad. Why, I wonder. Feel. That one is
going too. Shells. Ought I go to a dentist, I wonder, with
that money? That one. This. Toothless Kinch, the
superman. Why is that, I wonder, or does it mean
something perhaps?
My handkerchief. He threw it. I remember. Did I not
take it up?
His hand groped vainly in his pockets. No, I didn’t.
Better buy one.
He laid the dry snot picked from his nostril on a ledge
of rock, carefully. For the rest let look who will.
Behind. Perhaps there is someone.
He turned his face over a shoulder, rere regardant.
Moving through the air high spars of a threemaster, her
sails brailed up on the crosstrees, homing, upstream,
silently moving, a silent ship.
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Mr Leopold Bloom ate with relish the inner organs of
beasts and fowls. He liked thick giblet soup, nutty gizzards,
a stuffed roast heart, liverslices fried with crustcrumbs,
fried hencods’ roes. Most of all he liked grilled mutton
kidneys which gave to his palate a fine tang of faintly
scented urine.
Kidneys were in his mind as he moved about the
kitchen softly, righting her breakfast things on the humpy
tray. Gelid light and air were in the kitchen but out of
doors gentle summer morning everywhere. Made him feel
a bit peckish.
The coals were reddening.
Another slice of bread and butter: three, four: right.
She didn’t like her plate full. Right. He turned from the
tray, lifted the kettle off the hob and set it sideways on the
fire. It sat there, dull and squat, its spout stuck out. Cup of
tea soon. Good. Mouth dry. The cat walked stiffly round a
leg of the table with tail on high.
—O, there you are, Mr Bloom said, turning from the
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The cat mewed in answer and stalked again stiffly
round a leg of the table, mewing. Just how she stalks over
my writingtable. Prr. Scratch my head. Prr.
Mr Bloom watched curiously, kindly the lithe black
form. Clean to see: the gloss of her sleek hide, the white
button under the butt of her tail, the green flashing eyes.
He bent down to her, his hands on his knees.
—Milk for the pussens, he said.
—Mrkgnao! the cat cried.
They call them stupid. They understand what we say
better than we understand them. She understands all she
wants to. Vindictive too. Cruel. Her nature. Curious mice
never squeal. Seem to like it. Wonder what I look like to
her. Height of a tower? No, she can jump me.
—Afraid of the chickens she is, he said mockingly.
Afraid of the chookchooks. I never saw such a stupid
pussens as the pussens.
Cruel. Her nature. Curious mice never squeal. Seem to
like it.
—Mrkrgnao! the cat said loudly.
She blinked up out of her avid shameclosing eyes,
mewing plaintively and long, showing him her milkwhite
teeth. He watched the dark eyeslits narrowing with greed
till her eyes were green stones. Then he went to the
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dresser, took the jug Hanlon’s milkman had just filled for
him, poured warmbubbled milk on a saucer and set it
slowly on the floor.
—Gurrhr! she cried, running to lap.
He watched the bristles shining wirily in the weak light
as she tipped three times and licked lightly. Wonder is it
true if you clip them they can’t mouse after. Why? They
shine in the dark, perhaps, the tips. Or kind of feelers in
the dark, perhaps.
He listened to her licking lap. Ham and eggs, no. No
good eggs with this drouth. Want pure fresh water.
Thursday: not a good day either for a mutton kidney at
Buckley’s. Fried with butter, a shake of pepper. Better a
pork kidney at Dlugacz’s. While the kettle is boiling. She
lapped slower, then licking the saucer clean. Why are their
tongues so rough? To lap better, all porous holes. Nothing
she can eat? He glanced round him. No.
On quietly creaky boots he went up the staircase to the
hall, paused by the bedroom door. She might like
something tasty. Thin bread and butter she likes in the
morning. Still perhaps: once in a way.
He said softly in the bare hall:
—I’m going round the corner. Be back in a minute.
And when he had heard his voice say it he added:
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—You don’t want anything for breakfast?
A sleepy soft grunt answered:
No. She didn’t want anything. He heard then a warm
heavy sigh, softer, as she turned over and the loose brass
quoits of the bedstead jingled. Must get those settled
really. Pity. All the way from Gibraltar. Forgotten any
little Spanish she knew. Wonder what her father gave for
it. Old style. Ah yes! of course. Bought it at the governor’s
auction. Got a short knock. Hard as nails at a bargain, old
Tweedy. Yes, sir. At Plevna that was. I rose from the
ranks, sir, and I’m proud of it. Still he had brains enough
to make that corner in stamps. Now that was farseeing.
His hand took his hat from the peg over his initialled
heavy overcoat and his lost property office secondhand
waterproof. Stamps: stickyback pictures. Daresay lots of
officers are in the swim too. Course they do. The sweated
legend in the crown of his hat told him mutely: Plasto’s
high grade ha. He peeped quickly inside the leather
headband. White slip of paper. Quite safe.
On the doorstep he felt in his hip pocket for the
latchkey. Not there. In the trousers I left off. Must get it.
Potato I have. Creaky wardrobe. No use disturbing her.
She turned over sleepily that time. He pulled the halldoor
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to after him very quietly, more, till the footleaf dropped
gently over the threshold, a limp lid. Looked shut. All
right till I come back anyhow.
He crossed to the bright side, avoiding the loose
cellarflap of number seventyfive. The sun was nearing the
steeple of George’s church. Be a warm day I fancy.
Specially in these black clothes feel it more. Black
conducts, reflects, (refracts is it?), the heat. But I couldn’t
go in that light suit. Make a picnic of it. His eyelids sank
quietly often as he walked in happy warmth. Boland’s
breadvan delivering with trays our daily but she prefers
yesterday’s loaves turnovers crisp crowns hot. Makes you
feel young. Somewhere in the east: early morning: set off
at dawn. Travel round in front of the sun, steal a day’s
march on him. Keep it up for ever never grow a day older
technically. Walk along a strand, strange land, come to a
city gate, sentry there, old ranker too, old Tweedy’s big
moustaches, leaning on a long kind of a spear. Wander
through awned streets. Turbaned faces going by. Dark
caves of carpet shops, big man, Turko the terrible, seated
crosslegged, smoking a coiled pipe. Cries of sellers in the
streets. Drink water scented with fennel, sherbet. Dander
along all day. Might meet a robber or two. Well, meet
him. Getting on to sundown. The shadows of the
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mosques among the pillars: priest with a scroll rolled up. A
shiver of the trees, signal, the evening wind. I pass on.
Fading gold sky. A mother watches me from her doorway.
She calls her children home in their dark language. High
wall: beyond strings twanged. Night sky, moon, violet,
colour of Molly’s new garters. Strings. Listen. A girl
playing one of those instruments what do you call them:
dulcimers. I pass.
Probably not a bit like it really. Kind of stuff you read:
in the track of the sun. Sunburst on the titlepage. He
smiled, pleasing himself. What Arthur Griffith said about
the headpiece over the Freeman leader: a homerule sun
rising up in the northwest from the laneway behind the
bank of Ireland. He prolonged his pleased smile. Ikey
touch that: homerule sun rising up in the north-west.
He approached Larry O’Rourke’s. From the cellar
grating floated up the flabby gush of porter. Through the
open doorway the bar squirted out whiffs of ginger,
teadust, biscuitmush. Good house, however: just the end
of the city traffic. For instance M’Auley’s down there: n.
g. as position. Of course if they ran a tramline along the
North Circular from the cattlemarket to the quays value
would go up like a shot.
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Baldhead over the blind. Cute old codger. No use
canvassing him for an ad. Still he knows his own business
best. There he is, sure enough, my bold Larry, leaning
against the sugarbin in his shirtsleeves watching the
aproned curate swab up with mop and bucket. Simon
Dedalus takes him off to a tee with his eyes screwed up.
Do you know what I’m going to tell you? What’s that, Mr
O’Rourke? Do you know what? The Russians, they’d
only be an eight o’clock breakfast for the Japanese.
Stop and say a word: about the funeral perhaps. Sad
thing about poor Dignam, Mr O’Rourke.
Turning into Dorset street he said freshly in greeting
through the doorway:
—Good day, Mr O’Rourke.
—Good day to you.
—Lovely weather, sir.
—’Tis all that.
Where do they get the money? Coming up redheaded
curates from the county Leitrim, rinsing empties and old
man in the cellar. Then, lo and behold, they blossom out
as Adam Findlaters or Dan Tallons. Then thin of the
competition. General thirst. Good puzzle would be cross
Dublin without passing a pub. Save it they can’t. Off the
drunks perhaps. Put down three and carry five. What is
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that, a bob here and there, dribs and drabs. On the
wholesale orders perhaps. Doing a double shuffle with the
town travellers. Square it you with the boss and we’ll split
the job, see?
How much would that tot to off the porter in the
month? Say ten barrels of stuff. Say he got ten per cent off.
O more. Fifteen. He passed Saint Joseph’s National
school. Brats’ clamour. Windows open. Fresh air helps
memory. Or a lilt. Ahbeesee defeegee kelomen opeecue
rustyouvee doubleyou. Boys are they? Yes. Inishturk.
Inishark. Inishboffin. At their joggerfry. Mine. Slieve
He halted before Dlugacz’s window, staring at the
hanks of sausages, polonies, black and white. Fifteen
multiplied by. The figures whitened in his mind,
unsolved: displeased, he let them fade. The shiny links,
packed with forcemeat, fed his gaze and he breathed in
tranquilly the lukewarm breath of cooked spicy pigs’
A kidney oozed bloodgouts on the willowpatterned
dish: the last. He stood by the nextdoor girl at the counter.
Would she buy it too, calling the items from a slip in her
hand? Chapped: washingsoda. And a pound and a half of
Denny’s sausages. His eyes rested on her vigorous hips.
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Woods his name is. Wonder what he does. Wife is oldish.
New blood. No followers allowed. Strong pair of arms.
Whacking a carpet on the clothesline. She does whack it,
by George. The way her crooked skirt swings at each
The ferreteyed porkbutcher folded the sausages he had
snipped off with blotchy fingers, sausagepink. Sound meat
there: like a stallfed heifer.
He took a page up from the pile of cut sheets: the
model farm at Kinnereth on the lakeshore of Tiberias. Can
become ideal winter sanatorium. Moses Montefiore. I
thought he was. Farmhouse, wall round it, blurred cattle
cropping. He held the page from him: interesting: read it
nearer, the title, the blurred cropping cattle, the page
rustling. A young white heifer. Those mornings in the
cattlemarket, the beasts lowing in their pens, branded
sheep, flop and fall of dung, the breeders in hobnailed
boots trudging through the litter, slapping a palm on a
ripemeated hindquarter, there’s a prime one, unpeeled
switches in their hands. He held the page aslant patiently,
bending his senses and his will, his soft subject gaze at rest.
The crooked skirt swinging, whack by whack by whack.
The porkbutcher snapped two sheets from the pile,
wrapped up her prime sausages and made a red grimace.
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—Now, my miss, he said.
She tendered a coin, smiling boldly, holding her thick
wrist out.
—Thank you, my miss. And one shilling threepence
change. For you, please?
Mr Bloom pointed quickly. To catch up and walk
behind her if she went slowly, behind her moving hams.
Pleasant to see first thing in the morning. Hurry up, damn
it. Make hay while the sun shines. She stood outside the
shop in sunlight and sauntered lazily to the right. He
sighed down his nose: they never understand.
Sodachapped hands. Crusted toenails too. Brown scapulars
in tatters, defending her both ways. The sting of disregard
glowed to weak pleasure within his breast. For another: a
constable off duty cuddling her in Eccles lane. They like
them sizeable. Prime sausage. O please, Mr Policeman,
I’m lost in the wood.
—Threepence, please.
His hand accepted the moist tender gland and slid it
into a sidepocket. Then it fetched up three coins from his
trousers’ pocket and laid them on the rubber prickles.
They lay, were read quickly and quickly slid, disc by disc,
into the till.
—Thank you, sir. Another time.
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A speck of eager fire from foxeyes thanked him. He
withdrew his gaze after an instant. No: better not: another
—Good morning, he said, moving away.
—Good morning, sir.
No sign. Gone. What matter?
He walked back along Dorset street, reading gravely.
Agendath Netaim: planters’ company. To purchase waste
sandy tracts from Turkish government and plant with
eucalyptus trees. Excellent for shade, fuel and
construction. Orangegroves and immense melonfields
north of Jaffa. You pay eighty marks and they plant a
dunam of land for you with olives, oranges, almonds or
citrons. Olives cheaper: oranges need artificial irrigation.
Every year you get a sending of the crop. Your name
entered for life as owner in the book of the union. Can
pay ten down and the balance in yearly instalments.
Bleibtreustrasse 34, Berlin, W. 15.
Nothing doing. Still an idea behind it.
He looked at the cattle, blurred in silver heat.
Silverpowdered olivetrees. Quiet long days: pruning,
ripening. Olives are packed in jars, eh? I have a few left
from Andrews. Molly spitting them out. Knows the taste
of them now. Oranges in tissue paper packed in crates.
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Citrons too. Wonder is poor Citron still in Saint Kevin’s
parade. And Mastiansky with the old cither. Pleasant
evenings we had then. Molly in Citron’s basketchair. Nice
to hold, cool waxen fruit, hold in the hand, lift it to the
nostrils and smell the perfume. Like that, heavy, sweet,
wild perfume. Always the same, year after year. They
fetched high prices too, Moisel told me. Arbutus place:
Pleasants street: pleasant old times. Must be without a
flaw, he said. Coming all that way: Spain, Gibraltar,
Mediterranean, the Levant. Crates lined up on the
quayside at Jaffa, chap ticking them off in a book, navvies
handling them barefoot in soiled dungarees. There’s
whatdoyoucallhim out of. How do you? Doesn’t see.
Chap you know just to salute bit of a bore. His back is like
that Norwegian captain’s. Wonder if I’ll meet him today.
Watering cart. To provoke the rain. On earth as it is in
A cloud began to cover the sun slowly, wholly. Grey.
No, not like that. A barren land, bare waste. Vulcanic
lake, the dead sea: no fish, weedless, sunk deep in the
earth. No wind could lift those waves, grey metal,
poisonous foggy waters. Brimstone they called it raining
down: the cities of the plain: Sodom, Gomorrah, Edom.
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All dead names. A dead sea in a dead land, grey and old.
Old now. It bore the oldest, the first race. A bent hag
crossed from Cassidy’s, clutching a naggin bottle by the
neck. The oldest people. Wandered far away over all the
earth, captivity to captivity, multiplying, dying, being born
everywhere. It lay there now. Now it could bear no more.
Dead: an old woman’s: the grey sunken cunt of the world.
Grey horror seared his flesh. Folding the page into his
pocket he turned into Eccles street, hurrying homeward.
Cold oils slid along his veins, chilling his blood: age
crusting him with a salt cloak. Well, I am here now. Yes, I
am here now. Morning mouth bad images. Got up wrong
side of the bed. Must begin again those Sandow’s
exercises. On the hands down. Blotchy brown brick
houses. Number eighty still unlet. Why is that? Valuation
is only twenty-eight. Towers, Battersby, North,
MacArthur: parlour windows plastered with bills. Plasters
on a sore eye. To smell the gentle smoke of tea, fume of
the pan, sizzling butter. Be near her ample bedwarmed
flesh. Yes, yes.
Quick warm sunlight came running from Berkeley
road, swiftly, in slim sandals, along the brightening
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footpath. Runs, she runs to meet me, a girl with gold hair
on the wind.
Two letters and a card lay on the hallfloor. He stooped
and gathered them. Mrs Marion Bloom. His quickened
heart slowed at once. Bold hand. Mrs Marion.
Entering the bedroom he halfclosed his eyes and
walked through warm yellow twilight towards her tousled
—Who are the letters for?
He looked at them. Mullingar. Milly.
—A letter for me from Milly, he said carefully, and a
card to you. And a letter for you.
He laid her card and letter on the twill bedspread near
the curve of her knees.
—Do you want the blind up?
Letting the blind up by gentle tugs halfway his
backward eye saw her glance at the letter and tuck it
under her pillow.
—That do? he asked, turning.
She was reading the card, propped on her elbow.
—She got the things, she said.
He waited till she had laid the card aside and curled
herself back slowly with a snug sigh.
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—Hurry up with that tea, she said. I’m parched.
—The kettle is boiling, he said.
But he delayed to clear the chair: her striped petticoat,
tossed soiled linen: and lifted all in an armful on to the
foot of the bed.
As he went down the kitchen stairs she called:
—Scald the teapot.
On the boil sure enough: a plume of steam from the
spout. He scalded and rinsed out the teapot and put in
four full spoons of tea, tilting the kettle then to let the
water flow in. Having set it to draw he took off the kettle,
crushed the pan flat on the live coals and watched the
lump of butter slide and melt. While he unwrapped the
kidney the cat mewed hungrily against him. Give her too
much meat she won’t mouse. Say they won’t eat pork.
Kosher. Here. He let the bloodsmeared paper fall to her
and dropped the kidney amid the sizzling butter sauce.
Pepper. He sprinkled it through his fingers ringwise from
the chipped eggcup.
Then he slit open his letter, glancing down the page
and over. Thanks: new tam: Mr Coghlan: lough Owel
picnic: young student: Blazes Boylan’s seaside girls.
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The tea was drawn. He filled his own moustachecup,
sham crown
Derby, smiling. Silly Milly’s birthday gift. Only five she
was then. No, wait: four. I gave her the amberoid
necklace she broke. Putting pieces of folded brown paper
in the letterbox for her. He smiled, pouring.
O, Milly Bloom, you are my darling.
You are my lookingglass from night to morning.
I’d rather have you without a farthing
Than Katey Keogh with her ass and garden.
Poor old professor Goodwin. Dreadful old case. Still he
was a courteous old chap. Oldfashioned way he used to
bow Molly off the platform. And the little mirror in his
silk hat. The night Milly brought it into the parlour. O,
look what I found in professor Goodwin’s hat! All we
laughed. Sex breaking out even then. Pert little piece she
He prodded a fork into the kidney and slapped it over:
then fitted the teapot on the tray. Its hump bumped as he
took it up. Everything on it? Bread and butter, four, sugar,
spoon, her cream. Yes. He carried it upstairs, his thumb
hooked in the teapot handle.
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Nudging the door open with his knee he carried the
tray in and set it on the chair by the bedhead.
—What a time you were! she said.
She set the brasses jingling as she raised herself briskly,
an elbow on the pillow. He looked calmly down on her
bulk and between her large soft bubs, sloping within her
nightdress like a shegoat’s udder. The warmth of her
couched body rose on the air, mingling with the fragrance
of the tea she poured.
A strip of torn envelope peeped from under the
dimpled pillow. In the act of going he stayed to straighten
the bedspread.
—Who was the letter from? he asked.
Bold hand. Marion.
—O, Boylan, she said. He’s bringing the programme.
—What are you singing?
La ci darem with J. C. Doyle, she said, and Love’s Old
Sweet Song.
Her full lips, drinking, smiled. Rather stale smell that
incense leaves next day. Like foul flowerwater.
—Would you like the window open a little?
She doubled a slice of bread into her mouth, asking:
—What time is the funeral?
—Eleven, I think, he answered. I didn’t see the paper.
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Following the pointing of her finger he took up a leg
of her soiled drawers from the bed. No? Then, a twisted
grey garter looped round a stocking: rumpled, shiny sole.
—No: that book.
Other stocking. Her petticoat.
—It must have fell down, she said.
He felt here and there. Voglio e non vorrei. Wonder if
she pronounces that right: voglio. Not in the bed. Must
have slid down. He stooped and lifted the valance. The
book, fallen, sprawled against the bulge of the
orangekeyed chamberpot.
—Show here, she said. I put a mark in it. There’s a
word I wanted to ask you.
She swallowed a draught of tea from her cup held by
nothandle and, having wiped her fingertips smartly on the
blanket, began to search the text with the hairpin till she
reached the word.
—Met him what? he asked.
—Here, she said. What does that mean?
He leaned downward and read near her polished
—Yes. Who’s he when he’s at home?
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—Metempsychosis, he said, frowning. It’s Greek: from
the Greek. That means the transmigration of souls.
—O, rocks! she said. Tell us in plain words.
He smiled, glancing askance at her mocking eyes. The
same young eyes. The first night after the charades.
Dolphin’s Barn. He turned over the smudged pages. Ruby:
the Pride of the Ring. Hello. Illustration. Fierce Italian with
carriagewhip. Must be Ruby pride of the on the floor
naked. Sheet kindly lent. The monster Maffei desisted and
flung his victim from him with an oath. Cruelty behind it all.
Doped animals. Trapeze at Hengler’s. Had to look the
other way. Mob gaping. Break your neck and we’ll break
our sides. Families of them. Bone them young so they
metamspychosis. That we live after death. Our souls. That
a man’s soul after he dies. Dignam’s soul ...
—Did you finish it? he asked.
—Yes, she said. There’s nothing smutty in it. Is she in
love with the first fellow all the time?
—Never read it. Do you want another?
—Yes. Get another of Paul de Kock’s. Nice name he
She poured more tea into her cup, watching it flow
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Must get that Capel street library book renewed or
they’ll write to Kearney, my guarantor. Reincarnation:
that’s the word.
—Some people believe, he said, that we go on living in
another body after death, that we lived before. They call it
reincarnation. That we all lived before on the earth
thousands of years ago or some other planet. They say we
have forgotten it. Some say they remember their past lives.
The sluggish cream wound curdling spirals through her
tea. Bette remind her of the word: metempsychosis. An
example would be better. An example?
The Bath of the Nymph over the bed. Given away with
the Easter number of Photo Bits: Splendid masterpiece in
art colours. Tea before you put milk in. Not unlike her
with her hair down: slimmer. Three and six I gave for the
frame. She said it would look nice over the bed. Naked
nymphs: Greece: and for instance all the people that lived
He turned the pages back.
—Metempsychosis, he said, is what the ancient Greeks
called it. They used to believe you could be changed into
an animal or a tree, for instance. What they called nymphs,
for example.
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Her spoon ceased to stir up the sugar. She gazed
straight before her, inhaling through her arched nostrils.
—There’s a smell of burn, she said. Did you leave
anything on the fire?
—The kidney! he cried suddenly.
He fitted the book roughly into his inner pocket and,
stubbing his toes against the broken commode, hurried
out towards the smell, stepping hastily down the stairs
with a flurried stork’s legs. Pungent smoke shot up in an
angry jet from a side of the pan. By prodding a prong of
the fork under the kidney he detached it and turned it
turtle on its back. Only a little burnt. He tossed it off the
pan on to a plate and let the scanty brown gravy trickle
over it.
Cup of tea now. He sat down, cut and buttered a slice
of the loaf. He shore away the burnt flesh and flung it to
the cat. Then he put a forkful into his mouth, chewing
with discernment the toothsome pliant meat. Done to a
turn. A mouthful of tea. Then he cut away dies of bread,
sopped one in the gravy and put it in his mouth. What
was that about some young student and a picnic? He
creased out the letter at his side, reading it slowly as he
chewed, sopping another die of bread in the gravy and
raising it to his mouth.
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Dearest Papli
Thanks ever so much for the lovely birthday present. It
suits me splendid. Everyone says I am quite the belle in
my new tam. I got mummy’s Iovely box of creams and am
writing. They are lovely. I am getting on swimming in the
photo business now. Mr Coghlan took one of me and
Mrs. Will send when developed. We did great biz
yesterday. Fair day and all the beef to the heels were in.
We are going to lough Owel on Monday with a few
friends to make a scrap picnic. Give my love to mummy
and to yourself a big kiss and thanks. I hear them at the
piano downstairs. There is to be a concert in the Greville
Arms on Saturday. There is a young student comes here
some evenings named Bannon his cousins or something
are big swells and he sings Boylan’s (I was on the pop of
writing Blazes Boylan’s) song about those seaside girls. Tell
him silly Milly sends my best respects. I must now close
with fondest love
Your fond daughter, MILLY.
P. S. Excuse bad writing am in hurry. Byby. M.
Fifteen yesterday. Curious, fifteenth of the month too.
Her first birthday away from home. Separation.
Remember the summer morning she was born, running to
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knock up Mrs Thornton in Denzille street. Jolly old
woman. Lot of babies she must have helped into the
world. She knew from the first poor little Rudy wouldn’t
live. Well, God is good, sir. She knew at once. He would
be eleven now if he had lived.
His vacant face stared pityingly at the postscript. Excuse
bad writing. Hurry. Piano downstairs. Coming out of her
shell. Row with her in the XL Cafe about the bracelet.
Wouldn’t eat her cakes or speak or look. Saucebox. He
sopped other dies of bread in the gravy and ate piece after
piece of kidney. Twelve and six a week. Not much. Still,
she might do worse. Music hall stage. Young student. He
drank a draught of cooler tea to wash down his meal.
Then he read the letter again: twice.
O, well: she knows how to mind herself. But if not?
No, nothing has happened. Of course it might. Wait in
any case till it does. A wild piece of goods. Her slim legs
running up the staircase. Destiny. Ripening now.
Vain: very.
He smiled with troubled affection at the kitchen
window. Day I caught her in the street pinching her
cheeks to make them red. Anemic a little. Was given milk
too long. On the ERIN’S KING that day round the Kish.
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Damned old tub pitching about. Not a bit funky. Her pale
blue scarf loose in the wind with her hair.
All dimpled cheeks and curls,
Your head it simply swirls.
Seaside girls. Torn envelope. Hands stuck in his
trousers’ pockets, jarvey off for the day, singing. Friend of
the family. Swurls, he says. Pier with lamps, summer
evening, band,
Those girls, those girls,
Those lovely seaside girls.
Milly too. Young kisses: the first. Far away now past.
Mrs Marion. Reading, lying back now, counting the
strands of her hair, smiling, braiding.
A soft qualm, regret, flowed down his backbone,
increasing. Will happen, yes. Prevent. Useless: can’t move.
Girl’s sweet light lips. Will happen too. He felt the
flowing qualm spread over him. Useless to move now.
Lips kissed, kissing, kissed. Full gluey woman’s lips.
Better where she is down there: away. Occupy her.
Wanted a dog to pass the time. Might take a trip down
there. August bank holiday, only two and six return. Six
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weeks off, however. Might work a press pass. Or through
The cat, having cleaned all her fur, returned to the
meatstained paper, nosed at it and stalked to the door. She
looked back at him, mewing. Wants to go out. Wait
before a door sometime it will open. Let her wait. Has the
fidgets. Electric. Thunder in the air. Was washing at her
ear with her back to the fire too.
He felt heavy, full: then a gentle loosening of his
bowels. He stood up, undoing the waistband of his
trousers. The cat mewed to him.
—Miaow! he said in answer. Wait till I’m ready.
Heaviness: hot day coming. Too much trouble to fag
up the stairs to the landing.
A paper. He liked to read at stool. Hope no ape comes
knocking just as I’m.
In the tabledrawer he found an old number of Titbits.
He folded it under his armpit, went to the door and
opened it. The cat went up in soft bounds. Ah, wanted to
go upstairs, curl up in a ball on the bed.
Listening, he heard her voice:
—Come, come, pussy. Come.
He went out through the backdoor into the garden:
stood to listen towards the next garden. No sound.
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Perhaps hanging clothes out to dry. The maid was in the
garden. Fine morning.
He bent down to regard a lean file of spearmint
growing by the wall. Make a summerhouse here. Scarlet
runners. Virginia creepers. Want to manure the whole
place over, scabby soil. A coat of liver of sulphur. All soil
like that without dung. Household slops. Loam, what is
this that is? The hens in the next garden: their droppings
are very good top dressing. Best of all though are the
cattle, especially when they are fed on those oilcakes.
Mulch of dung. Best thing to clean ladies’ kid gloves.
Dirty cleans. Ashes too. Reclaim the whole place. Grow
peas in that corner there. Lettuce. Always have fresh
greens then. Still gardens have their drawbacks. That bee
or bluebottle here Whitmonday.
He walked on. Where is my hat, by the way? Must
have put it back on the peg. Or hanging up on the floor.
Funny I don’t remember that. Hallstand too full. Four
umbrellas, her raincloak. Picking up the letters. Drago’s
shopbell ringing. Queer I was just thinking that moment.
Brown brillantined hair over his collar. Just had a wash
and brushup. Wonder have I time for a bath this morning.
Tara street. Chap in the paybox there got away James
Stephens, they say. O’Brien.
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Deep voice that fellow Dlugacz has. Agendath what is
it? Now, my miss. Enthusiast.
He kicked open the crazy door of the jakes. Better be
careful not to get these trousers dirty for the funeral. He
went in, bowing his head under the low lintel. Leaving
the door ajar, amid the stench of mouldy limewash and
stale cobwebs he undid his braces. Before sitting down he
peered through a chink up at the nextdoor windows. The
king was in his countinghouse. Nobody.
Asquat on the cuckstool he folded out his paper,
turning its pages over on his bared knees. Something new
and easy. No great hurry. Keep it a bit. Our prize titbit:
Matcham’s Masterstroke. Written by Mr Philip Beaufoy,
Playgoers’ Club, London. Payment at the rate of one
guinea a column has been made to the writer. Three and a
half. Three pounds three. Three pounds, thirteen and six.
Quietly he read, restraining himself, the first column
and, yielding but resisting, began the second. Midway, his
last resistance yielding, he allowed his bowels to ease
themselves quietly as he read, reading still patiently that
slight constipation of yesterday quite gone. Hope it’s not
too big bring on piles again. No, just right. So. Ah!
Costive. One tabloid of cascara sagrada. Life might be so.
It did not move or touch him but it was something quick
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and neat. Print anything now. Silly season. He read on,
seated calm above his own rising smell. Neat certainly.
Matcham often thinks of the masterstroke by which he won the
laughing witch who now. Begins and ends morally. Hand in
hand. Smart. He glanced back through what he had read
and, while feeling his water flow quietly, he envied kindly
Mr Beaufoy who had written it and received payment of
three pounds, thirteen and six.
Might manage a sketch. By Mr and Mrs L. M. Bloom.
Invent a story for some proverb. Which? Time I used to
try jotting down on my cuff what she said dressing. Dislike
dressing together. Nicked myself shaving. Biting her
nether lip, hooking the placket of her skirt. Timing her.
9.l5. Did Roberts pay you yet? 9.20. What had Gretta
Conroy on? 9.23. What possessed me to buy this comb?
9.24. I’m swelled after that cabbage. A speck of dust on
the patent leather of her boot.
Rubbing smartly in turn each welt against her
stockinged calf. Morning after the bazaar dance when
May’s band played Ponchielli’s dance of the hours. Explain
that: morning hours, noon, then evening coming on, then
night hours. Washing her teeth. That was the first night.
Her head dancing. Her fansticks clicking. Is that Boylan
well off? He has money. Why? I noticed he had a good
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rich smell off his breath dancing. No use humming then.
Allude to it. Strange kind of music that last night. The
mirror was in shadow. She rubbed her handglass briskly on
her woollen vest against her full wagging bub. Peering
into it. Lines in her eyes. It wouldn’t pan out somehow.
Evening hours, girls in grey gauze. Night hours then:
black with daggers and eyemasks. Poetical idea: pink, then
golden, then grey, then black. Still, true to life also. Day:
then the night.
He tore away half the prize story sharply and wiped
himself with it. Then he girded up his trousers, braced and
buttoned himself. He pulled back the jerky shaky door of
the jakes and came forth from the gloom into the air.
In the bright light, lightened and cooled in limb, he
eyed carefully his black trousers: the ends, the knees, the
houghs of the knees. What time is the funeral? Better find
out in the paper.
A creak and a dark whirr in the air high up. The bells
of George’s church. They tolled the hour: loud dark iron.
Heigho! Heigho!
Heigho! Heigho!
Heigho! Heigho!
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Quarter to. There again: the overtone following
through the air, third.
Poor Dignam!
* * * * *
By lorries along sir John Rogerson’s quay Mr Bloom
walked soberly, past Windmill lane, Leask’s the linseed
crusher, the postal telegraph office. Could have given that
address too. And past the sailors’ home. He turned from
the morning noises of the quayside and walked through
Lime street. By Brady’s cottages a boy for the skins lolled,
his bucket of offal linked, smoking a chewed fagbutt. A
smaller girl with scars of eczema on her forehead eyed
him, listlessly holding her battered caskhoop. Tell him if
he smokes he won’t grow. O let him! His life isn’t such a
bed of roses. Waiting outside pubs to bring da home.
Come home to ma, da. Slack hour: won’t be many there.
He crossed Townsend street, passed the frowning face of
Bethel. El, yes: house of: Aleph, Beth. And past Nichols’
the undertaker. At eleven it is. Time enough. Daresay
Corny Kelleher bagged the job for O’Neill’s. Singing with
his eyes shut. Corny. Met her once in the park. In the
dark. What a lark. Police tout. Her name and address she
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then told with my tooraloom tooraloom tay. O, surely he
bagged it. Bury him cheap in a whatyoumaycall. With my
tooraloom, tooraloom, tooraloom, tooraloom.
In Westland row he halted before the window of the
Belfast and Oriental Tea Company and read the legends of
leadpapered packets: choice blend, finest quality, family
tea. Rather warm. Tea. Must get some from Tom Kernan.
Couldn’t ask him at a funeral, though. While his eyes still
read blandly he took off his hat quietly inhaling his hairoil
and sent his right hand with slow grace over his brow and
hair. Very warm morning. Under their dropped lids his
eyes found the tiny bow of the leather headband inside his
high grade ha. Just there. His right hand came down into
the bowl of his hat. His fingers found quickly a card
behind the headband and transferred it to his waistcoat
So warm. His right hand once more more slowly went
over his brow and hair. Then he put on his hat again,
relieved: and read again: choice blend, made of the finest
Ceylon brands. The far east. Lovely spot it must be: the
garden of the world, big lazy leaves to float about on,
cactuses, flowery meads, snaky lianas they call them.
Wonder is it like that. Those Cinghalese lobbing about in
the sun in dolce far niente, not doing a hand’s turn all day.
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Sleep six months out of twelve. Too hot to quarrel.
Influence of the climate. Lethargy. Flowers of idleness.
The air feeds most. Azotes. Hothouse in Botanic gardens.
Sensitive plants. Waterlilies. Petals too tired to. Sleeping
sickness in the air. Walk on roseleaves. Imagine trying to
eat tripe and cowheel. Where was the chap I saw in that
picture somewhere? Ah yes, in the dead sea floating on his
back, reading a book with a parasol open. Couldn’t sink if
you tried: so thick with salt. Because the weight of the
water, no, the weight of the body in the water is equal to
the weight of the what? Or is it the volume is equal to the
weight? It’s a law something like that. Vance in High
school cracking his fingerjoints, teaching. The college
curriculum. Cracking curriculum. What is weight really
when you say the weight? Thirtytwo feet per second per
second. Law of falling bodies: per second per second.
They all fall to the ground. The earth. It’s the force of
gravity of the earth is the weight.
He turned away and sauntered across the road. How
did she walk with her sausages? Like that something. As he
walked he took the folded Freeman from his sidepocket,
unfolded it, rolled it lengthwise in a baton and tapped it at
each sauntering step against his trouserleg. Careless air: just
drop in to see. Per second per second. Per second for
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every second it means. From the curbstone he darted a
keen glance through the door of the postoffice. Too late
box. Post here. No-one. In.
He handed the card through the brass grill.
—Are there any letters for me? he asked.
While the postmistress searched a pigeonhole he gazed
at the recruiting poster with soldiers of all arms on parade:
and held the tip of his baton against his nostrils, smelling
freshprinted rag paper. No answer probably. Went too far
last time.
The postmistress handed him back through the grill his
card with a letter. He thanked her and glanced rapidly at
the typed envelope.
Henry Flower Esq,
c/o P. O. Westland Row,
Answered anyhow. He slipped card and letter into his
sidepocket, reviewing again the soldiers on parade.
Where’s old Tweedy’s regiment? Castoff soldier. There:
bearskin cap and hackle plume. No, he’s a grenadier.
Pointed cuffs. There he is: royal Dublin fusiliers.
Redcoats. Too showy. That must be why the women go
after them. Uniform. Easier to enlist and drill. Maud
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Gonne’s letter about taking them off O’Connell street at
night: disgrace to our Irish capital. Griffith’s paper is on
the same tack now: an army rotten with venereal disease:
overseas or halfseasover empire. Half baked they look:
hypnotised like. Eyes front. Mark time. Table: able. Bed:
ed. The King’s own. Never see him dressed up as a
fireman or a bobby. A mason, yes.
He strolled out of the postoffice and turned to the
right. Talk: as if that would mend matters. His hand went
into his pocket and a forefinger felt its way under the flap
of the envelope, ripping it open in jerks. Women will pay
a lot of heed, I don’t think. His fingers drew forth the
letter the letter and crumpled the envelope in his pocket.
Something pinned on: photo perhaps. Hair? No.
M’Coy. Get rid of him quickly. Take me out of my
way. Hate company when you.
—Hello, Bloom. Where are you off to?
—Hello, M’Coy. Nowhere in particular.
—How’s the body?
—Fine. How are you?
—Just keeping alive, M’Coy said.
His eyes on the black tie and clothes he asked with low
—Is there any ... no trouble I hope? I see you’re ...
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—O, no, Mr Bloom said. Poor Dignam, you know.
The funeral is today.
—To be sure, poor fellow. So it is. What time?
A photo it isn’t. A badge maybe.
—E ... eleven, Mr Bloom answered.
—I must try to get out there, M’Coy said. Eleven, is it?
I only heard it last night. Who was telling me? Holohan.
You know Hoppy?
—I know.
Mr Bloom gazed across the road at the outsider drawn
up before the door of the Grosvenor. The porter hoisted
the valise up on the well. She stood still, waiting, while
the man, husband, brother, like her, searched his pockets
for change. Stylish kind of coat with that roll collar, warm
for a day like this, looks like blanketcloth. Careless stand of
her with her hands in those patch pockets. Like that
haughty creature at the polo match. Women all for caste
till you touch the spot. Handsome is and handsome does.
Reserved about to yield. The honourable Mrs and Brutus
is an honourable man. Possess her once take the starch out
of her.
—I was with Bob Doran, he’s on one of his periodical
bends, and what do you call him Bantam Lyons. Just
down there in Conway’s we were.
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Doran Lyons in Conway’s. She raised a gloved hand to
her hair. In came Hoppy. Having a wet. Drawing back his
head and gazing far from beneath his vailed eyelids he saw
the bright fawn skin shine in the glare, the braided drums.
Clearly I can see today. Moisture about gives long sight
perhaps. Talking of one thing or another. Lady’s hand.
Which side will she get up?
—And he said: Sad thing about our poor friend Paddy!
What Paddy? I said. Poor little Paddy Dignam, he said.
Off to the country: Broadstone probably. High brown
boots with laces dangling. Wellturned foot. What is he
foostering over that change for? Sees me looking. Eye out
for other fellow always. Good fallback. Two strings to her
Why? I said. What’s wrong with him? I said.
Proud: rich: silk stockings.
—Yes, Mr Bloom said.
He moved a little to the side of M’Coy’s talking head.
Getting up in a minute.
What’s wrong with him? He said. He’s dead, he said.
And, faith, he filled up. Is it Paddy Dignam? I said. I
couldn’t believe it when I heard it. I was with him no
later than Friday last or Thursday was it in the Arch. Yes,
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he said. He’s gone. He died on Monday, poor fellow. Watch!
Watch! Silk flash rich stockings white. Watch!
A heavy tramcar honking its gong slewed between.
Lost it. Curse your noisy pugnose. Feels locked out of
it. Paradise and the peri. Always happening like that. The
very moment. Girl in Eustace street hallway Monday was
it settling her garter. Her friend covering the display of.
esprit de corps. Well, what are you gaping at?
—Yes, yes, Mr Bloom said after a dull sigh. Another
—One of the best, M’Coy said.
The tram passed. They drove off towards the Loop
Line bridge, her rich gloved hand on the steel grip.
Flicker, flicker: the laceflare of her hat in the sun: flicker,
—Wife well, I suppose? M’Coy’s changed voice said.
—O, yes, Mr Bloom said. Tiptop, thanks.
He unrolled the newspaper baton idly and read idly:
What is home without
Plumtree’s Potted Meat?
With it an abode of bliss.
—My missus has just got an engagement. At least it’s
not settled yet.
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Valise tack again. By the way no harm. I’m off that,
Mr Bloom turned his largelidded eyes with unhasty
—My wife too, he said. She’s going to sing at a
swagger affair in the Ulster Hall, Belfast, on the twenty-
—That so? M’Coy said. Glad to hear that, old man.
Who’s getting it up?
Mrs Marion Bloom. Not up yet. Queen was in her
bedroom eating bread and. No book. Blackened court
cards laid along her thigh by sevens. Dark lady and fair
man. Letter. Cat furry black ball. Torn strip of envelope.
Comes lo-ove’s old ...
—It’s a kind of a tour, don’t you see, Mr Bloom said
thoughtfully. Sweeeet song. There’s a committee formed.
Part shares and part profits.
M’Coy nodded, picking at his moustache stubble.
—O, well, he said. That’s good news.
He moved to go.
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—Well, glad to see you looking fit, he said. Meet you
knocking around.
—Yes, Mr Bloom said.
—Tell you what, M’Coy said. You might put down
my name at the funeral, will you? I’d like to go but I
mightn’t be able, you see. There’s a drowning case at
Sandycove may turn up and then the coroner and myself
would have to go down if the body is found. You just
shove in my name if I’m not there, will you?
—I’ll do that, Mr Bloom said, moving to get off.
That’ll be all right.
—Right, M’Coy said brightly. Thanks, old man. I’d go
if I possibly could. Well, tolloll. Just C. P. M’Coy will do.
—That will be done, Mr Bloom answered firmly.
Didn’t catch me napping that wheeze. The quick
touch. Soft mark. I’d like my job. Valise I have a particular
fancy for. Leather. Capped corners, rivetted edges, double
action lever lock. Bob Cowley lent him his for the
Wicklow regatta concert last year and never heard tidings
of it from that good day to this.
Mr Bloom, strolling towards Brunswick street, smiled.
My missus has just got an. Reedy freckled soprano.
Cheeseparing nose. Nice enough in its way: for a little
ballad. No guts in it. You and me, don’t you know: in the
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same boat. Softsoaping. Give you the needle that would.
Can’t he hear the difference? Think he’s that way inclined
a bit. Against my grain somehow. Thought that Belfast
would fetch him. I hope that smallpox up there doesn’t
get worse. Suppose she wouldn’t let herself be vaccinated
again. Your wife and my wife.
Wonder is he pimping after me?
Mr Bloom stood at the corner, his eyes wandering over
the multicoloured hoardings. Cantrell and Cochrane’s
Ginger Ale (Aromatic). Clery’s Summer Sale. No, he’s
going on straight. Hello. Leah tonight. Mrs Bandmann
Palmer. Like to see her again in that. Hamlet she played
last night. Male impersonator. Perhaps he was a woman.
Why Ophelia committed suicide. Poor papa! How he
used to talk of Kate Bateman in that. Outside the Adelphi
in London waited all the afternoon to get in. Year before I
was born that was: sixtyfive. And Ristori in Vienna. What
is this the right name is? By Mosenthal it is. Rachel, is it?
No. The scene he was always talking about where the old
blind Abraham recognises the voice and puts his fingers on
his face.
Nathan’s voice! His son’s voice! I hear the voice of
Nathan who left his father to die of grief and misery in my
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arms, who left the house of his father and left the God of
his father.
Every word is so deep, Leopold.
Poor papa! Poor man! I’m glad I didn’t go into the
room to look at his face. That day! O, dear! O, dear! Ffoo!
Well, perhaps it was best for him.
Mr Bloom went round the corner and passed the
drooping nags of the hazard. No use thinking of it any
more. Nosebag time. Wish I hadn’t met that M’Coy
He came nearer and heard a crunching of gilded oats,
the gently champing teeth. Their full buck eyes regarded
him as he went by, amid the sweet oaten reek of horsepiss.
Their Eldorado. Poor jugginses! Damn all they know or
care about anything with their long noses stuck in
nosebags. Too full for words. Still they get their feed all
right and their doss. Gelded too: a stump of black
guttapercha wagging limp between their haunches. Might
be happy all the same that way. Good poor brutes they
look. Still their neigh can be very irritating.
He drew the letter from his pocket and folded it into
the newspaper he carried. Might just walk into her here.
The lane is safer.
133 of 1305
He passed the cabman’s shelter. Curious the life of
drifting cabbies. All weathers, all places, time or setdown,
no will of their own. Voglio e non. Like to give them an
odd cigarette. Sociable. Shout a few flying syllables as they
pass. He hummed:
La ci darem la mano
La la lala la la.
He turned into Cumberland street and, going on some
paces, halted in the lee of the station wall. No-one.
Meade’s timberyard. Piled balks. Ruins and tenements.
With careful tread he passed over a hopscotch court with
its forgotten pickeystone. Not a sinner. Near the
timberyard a squatted child at marbles, alone, shooting the
taw with a cunnythumb. A wise tabby, a blinking sphinx,
watched from her warm sill. Pity to disturb them.
Mohammed cut a piece out of his mantle not to wake her.
Open it. And once I played marbles when I went to that
old dame’s school. She liked mignonette. Mrs Ellis’s. And
Mr? He opened the letter within the newspaper.
A flower. I think it’s a. A yellow flower with flattened
petals. Not annoyed then? What does she say?
Dear Henry
134 of 1305
I got your last letter to me and thank you very much
for it. I am sorry you did not like my last letter. Why did
you enclose the stamps? I am awfully angry with you. I do
wish I could punish you for that. I called you naughty boy
because I do not like that other world. Please tell me what
is the real meaning of that word? Are you not happy in
your home you poor little naughty boy? I do wish I could
do something for you. Please tell me what you think of
poor me. I often think of the beautiful name you have.
Dear Henry, when will we meet? I think of you so often
you have no idea. I have never felt myself so much drawn
to a man as you. I feel so bad about. Please write me a
long letter and tell me more. Remember if you do not I
will punish you. So now you know what I will do to you,
you naughty boy, if you do not wrote. O how I long to
meet you. Henry dear, do not deny my request before my
patience are exhausted. Then I will tell you all. Goodbye
now, naughty darling, I have such a bad headache. today.
and write by return to your longing
P. S. Do tell me what kind of perfume does your wife
use. I want to know.
135 of 1305
He tore the flower gravely from its pinhold smelt its
almost no smell and placed it in his heart pocket. Language
of flowers. They like it because no-one can hear. Or a
poison bouquet to strike him down. Then walking slowly
forward he read the letter again, murmuring here and
there a word. Angry tulips with you darling manflower
punish your cactus if you don’t please poor forgetmenot
how I long violets to dear roses when we soon anemone
meet all naughty nightstalk wife Martha’s perfume. Having
read it all he took it from the newspaper and put it back in
his sidepocket.
Weak joy opened his lips. Changed since the first letter.
Wonder did she wrote it herself. Doing the indignant: a
girl of good family like me, respectable character. Could
meet one Sunday after the rosary. Thank you: not having
any. Usual love scrimmage. Then running round corners.
Bad as a row with Molly. Cigar has a cooling effect.
Narcotic. Go further next time. Naughty boy: punish:
afraid of words, of course. Brutal, why not? Try it
anyhow. A bit at a time.
Fingering still the letter in his pocket he drew the pin
out of it. Common pin, eh? He threw it on the road. Out
of her clothes somewhere: pinned together. Queer the
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number of pins they always have. No roses without
Flat Dublin voices bawled in his head. Those two sluts
that night in the Coombe, linked together in the rain.
O, Mary lost the pin of her drawers.
She didn’t know what to do
To keep it up
To keep it up.
It? Them. Such a bad headache. Has her roses
probably. Or sitting all day typing. Eyefocus bad for
stomach nerves. What perfume does your wife use. Now
could you make out a thing like that?
To keep it up.
Martha, Mary. I saw that picture somewhere I forget
now old master or faked for money. He is sitting in their
house, talking. Mysterious. Also the two sluts in the
Coombe would listen.
To keep it up.
Nice kind of evening feeling. No more wandering
about. Just loll there: quiet dusk: let everything rip.
Forget. Tell about places you have been, strange customs.
The other one, jar on her head, was getting the supper:
fruit, olives, lovely cool water out of a well, stonecold like
the hole in the wall at Ashtown. Must carry a paper goblet
137 of 1305
next time I go to the trottingmatches. She listens with big
dark soft eyes. Tell her: more and more: all. Then a sigh:
silence. Long long long rest.
Going under the railway arch he took out the
envelope, tore it swiftly in shreds and scattered them
towards the road. The shreds fluttered away, sank in the
dank air: a white flutter, then all sank.
Henry Flower. You could tear up a cheque for a
hundred pounds in the same way. Simple bit of paper.
Lord Iveagh once cashed a sevenfigure cheque for a
million in the bank of Ireland. Shows you the money to
be made out of porter. Still the other brother lord
Ardilaun has to change his shirt four times a day, they say.
Skin breeds lice or vermin. A million pounds, wait a
moment. Twopence a pint, fourpence a quart, eightpence
a gallon of porter, no, one and fourpence a gallon of
porter. One and four into twenty: fifteen about. Yes,
exactly. Fifteen millions of barrels of porter.
What am I saying barrels? Gallons. About a million
barrels all the same.
An incoming train clanked heavily above his head,
coach after coach. Barrels bumped in his head: dull porter
slopped and churned inside. The bungholes sprang open
and a huge dull flood leaked out, flowing together,
138 of 1305
winding through mudflats all over the level land, a lazy
pooling swirl of liquor bearing along wideleaved flowers
of its froth.
He had reached the open backdoor of All Hallows.
Stepping into the porch he doffed his hat, took the card
from his pocket and tucked it again behind the leather
headband. Damn it. I might have tried to work M’Coy for
a pass to Mullingar.
Same notice on the door. Sermon by the very reverend
John Conmee S.J. on saint Peter Claver S.J. and the
African Mission. Prayers for the conversion of Gladstone
they had too when he was almost unconscious. The
protestants are the same. Convert Dr William J. Walsh
D.D. to the true religion. Save China’s millions. Wonder
how they explain it to the heathen Chinee. Prefer an
ounce of opium. Celestials. Rank heresy for them.
Buddha their god lying on his side in the museum. Taking
it easy with hand under his cheek. Josssticks burning. Not
like Ecce Homo. Crown of thorns and cross. Clever idea
Saint Patrick the shamrock. Chopsticks? Conmee: Martin
Cunningham knows him: distinguishedlooking. Sorry I
didn’t work him about getting Molly into the choir
instead of that Father Farley who looked a fool but wasn’t.
They’re taught that. He’s not going out in bluey specs
139 of 1305
with the sweat rolling off him to baptise blacks, is he? The
glasses would take their fancy, flashing. Like to see them
sitting round in a ring with blub lips, entranced, listening.
Still life. Lap it up like milk, I suppose.
The cold smell of sacred stone called him. He trod the
worn steps, pushed the swingdoor and entered softly by
the rere.
Something going on: some sodality. Pity so empty.
Nice discreet place to be next some girl. Who is my
neighbour? Jammed by the hour to slow music. That
woman at midnight mass. Seventh heaven. Women knelt
in the benches with crimson halters round their necks,
heads bowed. A batch knelt at the altarrails. The priest
went along by them, murmuring, holding the thing in his
hands. He stopped at each, took out a communion, shook
a drop or two (are they in water?) off it and put it neatly
into her mouth. Her hat and head sank. Then the next
one. Her hat sank at once. Then the next one: a small old
woman. The priest bent down to put it into her mouth,
murmuring all the time. Latin. The next one. Shut your
eyes and open your mouth. What? Corpus: body. Corpse.
Good idea the Latin. Stupefies them first. Hospice for the
dying. They don’t seem to chew it: only swallow it down.
140 of 1305
Rum idea: eating bits of a corpse. Why the cannibals
cotton to it.
He stood aside watching their blind masks pass down
the aisle, one by one, and seek their places. He approached
a bench and seated himself in its corner, nursing his hat
and newspaper. These pots we have to wear. We ought to
have hats modelled on our heads. They were about him
here and there, with heads still bowed in their crimson
halters, waiting for it to melt in their stomachs. Something
like those mazzoth: it’s that sort of bread: unleavened
shewbread. Look at them. Now I bet it makes them feel
happy. Lollipop. It does. Yes, bread of angels it’s called.
There’s a big idea behind it, kind of kingdom of God is
within you feel. First communicants. Hokypoky penny a
lump. Then feel all like one family party, same in the
theatre, all in the same swim. They do. I’m sure of that.
Not so lonely. In our confraternity. Then come out a bit
spreeish. Let off steam. Thing is if you really believe in it.
Lourdes cure, waters of oblivion, and the Knock
apparition, statues bleeding. Old fellow asleep near that
confessionbox. Hence those snores. Blind faith. Safe in the
arms of kingdom come. Lulls all pain. Wake this time next
141 of 1305
He saw the priest stow the communion cup away, well
in, and kneel an instant before it, showing a large grey
bootsole from under the lace affair he had on. Suppose he
lost the pin of his. He wouldn’t know what to do to. Bald
spot behind. Letters on his back: I.N.R.I? No: I.H.S.
Molly told me one time I asked her. I have sinned: or no:
I have suffered, it is. And the other one? Iron nails ran in.
Meet one Sunday after the rosary. Do not deny my
request. Turn up with a veil and black bag. Dusk and the
light behind her. She might be here with a ribbon round
her neck and do the other thing all the same on the sly.
Their character. That fellow that turned queen’s evidence
on the invincibles he used to receive the, Carey was his
name, the communion every morning. This very church.
Peter Carey, yes. No, Peter Claver I am thinking of.
Denis Carey. And just imagine that. Wife and six children
at home. And plotting that murder all the time. Those
crawthumpers, now that’s a good name for them, there’s
always something shiftylooking about them. They’re not
straight men of business either. O, no, she’s not here: the
flower: no, no. By the way, did I tear up that envelope?
Yes: under the bridge.
The priest was rinsing out the chalice: then he tossed
off the dregs smartly. Wine. Makes it more aristocratic
142 of 1305
than for example if he drank what they are used to
Guinness’s porter or some temperance beverage
Wheatley’s Dublin hop bitters or Cantrell and Cochrane’s
ginger ale (aromatic). Doesn’t give them any of it: shew
wine: only the other. Cold comfort. Pious fraud but quite
right: otherwise they’d have one old booser worse than
another coming along, cadging for a drink. Queer the
whole atmosphere of the. Quite right. Perfectly right that
Mr Bloom looked back towards the choir. Not going
to be any music. Pity. Who has the organ here I wonder?
Old Glynn he knew how to make that instrument talk,
the vibrato: fifty pounds a year they say he had in Gardiner
street. Molly was in fine voice that day, the Stabat Mater of
Rossini. Father Bernard Vaughan’s sermon first. Christ or
Pilate? Christ, but don’t keep us all night over it. Music
they wanted. Footdrill stopped. Could hear a pin drop. I
told her to pitch her voice against that corner. I could feel
the thrill in the air, the full, the people looking up:
Quis est homo.
Some of that old sacred music splendid. Mercadante:
seven last words. Mozart’s twelfth mass: Gloria in that.
Those old popes keen on music, on art and statues and
pictures of all kinds. Palestrina for example too. They had
143 of 1305
a gay old time while it lasted. Healthy too, chanting,
regular hours, then brew liqueurs. Benedictine. Green
Chartreuse. Still, having eunuchs in their choir that was
coming it a bit thick. What kind of voice is it? Must be
curious to hear after their own strong basses.
Connoisseurs. Suppose they wouldn’t feel anything after.
Kind of a placid. No worry. Fall into flesh, don’t they?
Gluttons, tall, long legs. Who knows? Eunuch. One way
out of it.
He saw the priest bend down and kiss the altar and
then face about and bless all the people. All crossed
themselves and stood up. Mr Bloom glanced about him
and then stood up, looking over the risen hats. Stand up at
the gospel of course. Then all settled down on their knees
again and he sat back quietly in his bench. The priest came
down from the altar, holding the thing out from him, and
he and the massboy answered each other in Latin. Then
the priest knelt down and began to read off a card:
—O God, our refuge and our strength ...
Mr Bloom put his face forward to catch the words.
English. Throw them the bone. I remember slightly. How
long since your last mass? Glorious and immaculate virgin.
Joseph, her spouse. Peter and Paul. More interesting if you
understood what it was all about. Wonderful organisation
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certainly, goes like clockwork. Confession. Everyone
wants to. Then I will tell you all. Penance. Punish me,
please. Great weapon in their hands. More than doctor or
solicitor. Woman dying to. And I schschschschschsch. And
did you chachachachacha? And why did you? Look down
at her ring to find an excuse. Whispering gallery walls
have ears. Husband learn to his surprise. God’s little joke.
Then out she comes. Repentance skindeep. Lovely shame.
Pray at an altar. Hail Mary and Holy Mary. Flowers,
incense, candles melting. Hide her blushes. Salvation army
blatant imitation. Reformed prostitute will address the
meeting. How I found the Lord. Squareheaded chaps
those must be in Rome: they work the whole show. And
don’t they rake in the money too? Bequests also: to the
P.P. for the time being in his absolute discretion. Masses
for the repose of my soul to be said publicly with open
doors. Monasteries and convents. The priest in that
Fermanagh will case in the witnessbox. No browbeating
him. He had his answer pat for everything. Liberty and
exaltation of our holy mother the church. The doctors of
the church: they mapped out the whole theology of it.
The priest prayed:
—Blessed Michael, archangel, defend us in the hour of
conflict. Be our safeguard against the wickedness and
145 of 1305
snares of the devil (may God restrain him, we humbly
pray!): and do thou, O prince of the heavenly host, by the
power of God thrust Satan down to hell and with him
those other wicked spirits who wander through the world
for the ruin of souls.
The priest and the massboy stood up and walked off.
All over. The women remained behind: thanksgiving.
Better be shoving along. Brother Buzz. Come around
with the plate perhaps. Pay your Easter duty.
He stood up. Hello. Were those two buttons of my
waistcoat open all the time? Women enjoy it. Never tell
you. But we. Excuse, miss, there’s a (whh!) just a (whh!)
fluff. Or their skirt behind, placket unhooked. Glimpses of
the moon. Annoyed if you don’t. Why didn’t you tell me
before. Still like you better untidy. Good job it wasn’t
farther south. He passed, discreetly buttoning, down the
aisle and out through the main door into the light. He
stood a moment unseeing by the cold black marble bowl
while before him and behind two worshippers dipped
furtive hands in the low tide of holy water. Trams: a car of
Prescott’s dyeworks: a widow in her weeds. Notice
because I’m in mourning myself. He covered himself.
How goes the time? Quarter past. Time enough yet.
Better get that lotion made up. Where is this? Ah yes, the
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last time. Sweny’s in Lincoln place. Chemists rarely move.
Their green and gold beaconjars too heavy to stir.
Hamilton Long’s, founded in the year of the flood.
Huguenot churchyard near there. Visit some day.
He walked southward along Westland row. But the
recipe is in the other trousers. O, and I forgot that
latchkey too. Bore this funeral affair. O well, poor fellow,
it’s not his fault. When was it I got it made up last? Wait. I
changed a sovereign I remember. First of the month it
must have been or the second. O, he can look it up in the
prescriptions book.
The chemist turned back page after page. Sandy
shrivelled smell he seems to have. Shrunken skull. And
old. Quest for the philosopher’s stone. The alchemists.
Drugs age you after mental excitement. Lethargy then.
Why? Reaction. A lifetime in a night. Gradually changes
your character. Living all the day among herbs, ointments,
disinfectants. All his alabaster lilypots. Mortar and pestle.
Aq. Dist. Fol. Laur. Te Virid. Smell almost cure you like
the dentist’s doorbell. Doctor Whack. He ought to physic
himself a bit. Electuary or emulsion. The first fellow that
picked an herb to cure himself had a bit of pluck. Simples.
Want to be careful. Enough stuff here to chloroform you.
Test: turns blue litmus paper red. Chloroform. Overdose
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of laudanum. Sleeping draughts. Lovephiltres. Paragoric
poppysyrup bad for cough. Clogs the pores or the phlegm.
Poisons the only cures. Remedy where you least expect it.
Clever of nature.
—About a fortnight ago, sir?
—Yes, Mr Bloom said.
He waited by the counter, inhaling slowly the keen
reek of drugs, the dusty dry smell of sponges and loofahs.
Lot of time taken up telling your aches and pains.
—Sweet almond oil and tincture of benzoin, Mr
Bloom said, and then orangeflower water ...
It certainly did make her skin so delicate white like
—And white wax also, he said.
Brings out the darkness of her eyes. Looking at me, the
sheet up to her eyes, Spanish, smelling herself, when I was
fixing the links in my cuffs. Those homely recipes are
often the best: strawberries for the teeth: nettles and
rainwater: oatmeal they say steeped in buttermilk.
Skinfood. One of the old queen’s sons, duke of Albany
was it? had only one skin. Leopold, yes. Three we have.
Warts, bunions and pimples to make it worse. But you
want a perfume too. What perfume does your? Peau
d’Espagne. That orangeflower water is so fresh. Nice smell
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these soaps have. Pure curd soap. Time to get a bath
round the corner. Hammam. Turkish. Massage. Dirt gets
rolled up in your navel. Nicer if a nice girl did it. Also I
think I. Yes I. Do it in the bath. Curious longing I. Water
to water. Combine business with pleasure. Pity no time
for massage. Feel fresh then all the day. Funeral be rather
—Yes, sir, the chemist said. That was two and nine.
Have you brought a bottle?
—No, Mr Bloom said. Make it up, please. I’ll call later
in the day and I’ll take one of these soaps. How much are
—Fourpence, sir.
Mr Bloom raised a cake to his nostrils. Sweet lemony
—I’ll take this one, he said. That makes three and a
—Yes, sir, the chemist said. You can pay all together,
sir, when you come back.
—Good, Mr Bloom said.
He strolled out of the shop, the newspaper baton under
his armpit, the coolwrappered soap in his left hand.
At his armpit Bantam Lyons’ voice and hand said:
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—Hello, Bloom. What’s the best news? Is that today’s?
Show us a minute.
Shaved off his moustache again, by Jove! Long cold
upper lip. To look younger. He does look balmy.
Younger than I am.
Bantam Lyons’s yellow blacknailed fingers unrolled the
baton. Wants a wash too. Take off the rough dirt. Good
morning, have you used Pears’ soap? Dandruff on his
shoulders. Scalp wants oiling.
—I want to see about that French horse that’s running
today, Bantam Lyons said. Where the bugger is it?
He rustled the pleated pages, jerking his chin on his
high collar. Barber’s itch. Tight collar he’ll lose his hair.
Better leave him the paper and get shut of him.
—You can keep it, Mr Bloom said.
—Ascot. Gold cup. Wait, Bantam Lyons muttered.
Half a mo. Maximum the second.
—I was just going to throw it away, Mr Bloom said.
Bantam Lyons raised his eyes suddenly and leered
—What’s that? his sharp voice said.
—I say you can keep it, Mr Bloom answered. I was
going to throw it away that moment.
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Bantam Lyons doubted an instant, leering: then thrust
the outspread sheets back on Mr Bloom’s arms.
—I’ll risk it, he said. Here, thanks.
He sped off towards Conway’s corner. God speed scut.
Mr Bloom folded the sheets again to a neat square and
lodged the soap in it, smiling. Silly lips of that chap.
Betting. Regular hotbed of it lately. Messenger boys
stealing to put on sixpence. Raffle for large tender turkey.
Your Christmas dinner for threepence. Jack Fleming
embezzling to gamble then smuggled off to America.
Keeps a hotel now. They never come back. Fleshpots of
He walked cheerfully towards the mosque of the baths.
Remind you of a mosque, redbaked bricks, the minarets.
College sports today I see. He eyed the horseshoe poster
over the gate of college park: cyclist doubled up like a cod
in a pot. Damn bad ad. Now if they had made it round
like a wheel. Then the spokes: sports, sports, sports: and
the hub big: college. Something to catch the eye.
There’s Hornblower standing at the porter’s lodge.
Keep him on hands: might take a turn in there on the
nod. How do you do, Mr Hornblower? How do you do,
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Heavenly weather really. If life was always like that.
Cricket weather. Sit around under sunshades. Over after
over. Out. They can’t play it here. Duck for six wickets.
Still Captain Culler broke a window in the Kildare street
club with a slog to square leg. Donnybrook fair more in
their line. And the skulls we were acracking when
M’Carthy took the floor. Heatwave. Won’t last. Always
passing, the stream of life, which in the stream of life we
trace is dearer than them all.
Enjoy a bath now: clean trough of water, cool enamel,
the gentle tepid stream. This is my body.
He foresaw his pale body reclined in it at full, naked, in
a womb of warmth, oiled by scented melting soap, softly
laved. He saw his trunk and limbs riprippled over and
sustained, buoyed lightly upward, lemonyellow: his navel,
bud of flesh: and saw the dark tangled curls of his bush
floating, floating hair of the stream around the limp father
of thousands, a languid floating flower.
* * * * *
Martin Cunningham, first, poked his silkhatted head
into the creaking carriage and, entering deftly, seated
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himself. Mr Power stepped in after him, curving his height
with care.
—Come on, Simon.
—After you, Mr Bloom said.
Mr Dedalus covered himself quickly and got in, saying:
Yes, yes.
—Are we all here now? Martin Cunningham asked.
Come along, Bloom.
Mr Bloom entered and sat in the vacant place. He
pulled the door to after him and slammed it twice till it
shut tight. He passed an arm through the armstrap and
looked seriously from the open carriagewindow at the
lowered blinds of the avenue. One dragged aside: an old
woman peeping. Nose whiteflattened against the pane.
Thanking her stars she was passed over. Extraordinary the
interest they take in a corpse. Glad to see us go we give
them such trouble coming. Job seems to suit them.
Huggermugger in corners. Slop about in slipperslappers for
fear he’d wake. Then getting it ready. Laying it out. Molly
and Mrs Fleming making the bed. Pull it more to your
side. Our windingsheet. Never know who will touch you
dead. Wash and shampoo. I believe they clip the nails and
the hair. Keep a bit in an envelope. Grows all the same
after. Unclean job.
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All waited. Nothing was said. Stowing in the wreaths
probably. I am sitting on something hard. Ah, that soap: in
my hip pocket. Better shift it out of that. Wait for an
All waited. Then wheels were heard from in front,
turning: then nearer: then horses’ hoofs. A jolt. Their
carriage began to move, creaking and swaying. Other
hoofs and creaking wheels started behind. The blinds of
the avenue passed and number nine with its craped
knocker, door ajar. At walking pace.
They waited still, their knees jogging, till they had
turned and were passing along the tramtracks. Tritonville
road. Quicker. The wheels rattled rolling over the cobbled
causeway and the crazy glasses shook rattling in the
—What way is he taking us? Mr Power asked through
both windows.
—Irishtown, Martin Cunningham said. Ringsend.
Brunswick street.
Mr Dedalus nodded, looking out.
—That’s a fine old custom, he said. I am glad to see it
has not died out.
All watched awhile through their windows caps and
hats lifted by passers. Respect. The carriage swerved from
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the tramtrack to the smoother road past Watery lane. Mr
Bloom at gaze saw a lithe young man, clad in mourning, a
wide hat.
—There’s a friend of yours gone by, Dedalus, he said.
—Who is that?
—Your son and heir.
—Where is he? Mr Dedalus said, stretching over across.
The carriage, passing the open drains and mounds of
rippedup roadway before the tenement houses, lurched
round the corner and, swerving back to the tramtrack,
rolled on noisily with chattering wheels. Mr Dedalus fell
back, saying:
—Was that Mulligan cad with him? His fidus Achates!
—No, Mr Bloom said. He was alone.
—Down with his aunt Sally, I suppose, Mr Dedalus
said, the Goulding faction, the drunken little costdrawer
and Crissie, papa’s little lump of dung, the wise child that
knows her own father.
Mr Bloom smiled joylessly on Ringsend road. Wallace
Bros: the bottleworks: Dodder bridge.
Richie Goulding and the legal bag. Goulding, Collis
and Ward he calls the firm. His jokes are getting a bit
damp. Great card he was. Waltzing in Stamer street with
Ignatius Gallaher on a Sunday morning, the landlady’s two
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hats pinned on his head. Out on the rampage all night.
Beginning to tell on him now: that backache of his, I fear.
Wife ironing his back. Thinks he’ll cure it with pills. All
breadcrumbs they are. About six hundred per cent profit.
—He’s in with a lowdown crowd, Mr Dedalus snarled.
That Mulligan is a contaminated bloody doubledyed
ruffian by all accounts. His name stinks all over Dublin.
But with the help of God and His blessed mother I’ll
make it my business to write a letter one of those days to
his mother or his aunt or whatever she is that will open
her eye as wide as a gate. I’ll tickle his catastrophe, believe
you me.
He cried above the clatter of the wheels:
—I won’t have her bastard of a nephew ruin my son. A
counterjumper’s son. Selling tapes in my cousin, Peter
Paul M’Swiney’s. Not likely.
He ceased. Mr Bloom glanced from his angry
moustache to Mr Power’s mild face and Martin
Cunningham’s eyes and beard, gravely shaking. Noisy
selfwilled man. Full of his son. He is right. Something to
hand on. If little Rudy had lived. See him grow up. Hear
his voice in the house. Walking beside Molly in an Eton
suit. My son. Me in his eyes. Strange feeling it would be.
From me. Just a chance. Must have been that morning in
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Raymond terrace she was at the window watching the
two dogs at it by the wall of the cease to do evil. And the
sergeant grinning up. She had that cream gown on with
the rip she never stitched. Give us a touch, Poldy. God,
I’m dying for it. How life begins.
Got big then. Had to refuse the Greystones concert.
My son inside her. I could have helped him on in life. I
could. Make him independent. Learn German too.
—Are we late? Mr Power asked.
—Ten minutes, Martin Cunningham said, looking at
his watch.
Molly. Milly. Same thing watered down. Her tomboy
oaths. O jumping Jupiter! Ye gods and little fishes! Still,
she’s a dear girl. Soon be a woman. Mullingar. Dearest
Papli. Young student. Yes, yes: a woman too. Life, life.
The carriage heeled over and back, their four trunks
—Corny might have given us a more commodious
yoke, Mr Power said.
—He might, Mr Dedalus said, if he hadn’t that squint
troubling him. Do you follow me?
He closed his left eye. Martin Cunningham began to
brush away crustcrumbs from under his thighs.
—What is this, he said, in the name of God? Crumbs?
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—Someone seems to have been making a picnic party
here lately, Mr Power said.
All raised their thighs and eyed with disfavour the
mildewed buttonless leather of the seats. Mr Dedalus,
twisting his nose, frowned downward and said:
—Unless I’m greatly mistaken. What do you think,
—It struck me too, Martin Cunningham said.
Mr Bloom set his thigh down. Glad I took that bath.
Feel my feet quite clean. But I wish Mrs Fleming had
darned these socks better.
Mr Dedalus sighed resignedly.
—After all, he said, it’s the most natural thing in the
—Did Tom Kernan turn up? Martin Cunningham
asked, twirling the peak of his beard gently.
—Yes, Mr Bloom answered. He’s behind with Ned
Lambert and Hynes.
—And Corny Kelleher himself? Mr Power asked.
—At the cemetery, Martin Cunningham said.
—I met M’Coy this morning, Mr Bloom said. He said
he’d try to come.
The carriage halted short.
—What’s wrong?
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—We’re stopped.
—Where are we?
Mr Bloom put his head out of the window.
—The grand canal, he said.
Gasworks. Whooping cough they say it cures. Good
job Milly never got it. Poor children! Doubles them up
black and blue in convulsions. Shame really. Got off
lightly with illnesses compared. Only measles. Flaxseed
tea. Scarlatina, influenza epidemics. Canvassing for death.
Don’t miss this chance. Dogs’ home over there. Poor old
Athos! Be good to Athos, Leopold, is my last wish. Thy
will be done. We obey them in the grave. A dying scrawl.
He took it to heart, pined away. Quiet brute. Old men’s
dogs usually are.
A raindrop spat on his hat. He drew back and saw an
instant of shower spray dots over the grey flags. Apart.
Curious. Like through a colander. I thought it would. My
boots were creaking I remember now.
—The weather is changing, he said quietly.
—A pity it did not keep up fine, Martin Cunningham
—Wanted for the country, Mr Power said. There’s the
sun again coming out.
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Mr Dedalus, peering through his glasses towards the
veiled sun, hurled a mute curse at the sky.
—It’s as uncertain as a child’s bottom, he said.
—We’re off again.
The carriage turned again its stiff wheels and their
trunks swayed gently. Martin Cunningham twirled more
quickly the peak of his beard.
—Tom Kernan was immense last night, he said. And
Paddy Leonard taking him off to his face.
—O, draw him out, Martin, Mr Power said eagerly.
Wait till you hear him, Simon, on Ben Dollard’s singing
of The Croppy Boy.
—Immense, Martin Cunningham said pompously. His
singing of that simple ballad, Martin, is the most trenchant
rendering I ever heard in the whole course of my experience.
—Trenchant, Mr Power said laughing. He’s dead nuts
on that. And the retrospective arrangement.
—Did you read Dan Dawson’s speech? Martin
Cunningham asked.
—I did not then, Mr Dedalus said. Where is it?
—In the paper this morning.
Mr Bloom took the paper from his inside pocket. That
book I must change for her.
—No, no, Mr Dedalus said quickly. Later on please.
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Mr Bloom’s glance travelled down the edge of the
paper, scanning the deaths: Callan, Coleman, Dignam,
Fawcett, Lowry, Naumann, Peake, what Peake is that? is it
the chap was in Crosbie and Alleyne’s? no, Sexton,
Urbright. Inked characters fast fading on the frayed
breaking paper. Thanks to the Little Flower. Sadly missed.
To the inexpressible grief of his. Aged 88 after a long and
tedious illness. Month’s mind: Quinlan. On whose soul
Sweet Jesus have mercy.
It is now a month since dear Henry fled
To his home up above in the sky
While his family weeps and mourns his loss
Hoping some day to meet him on high.
I tore up the envelope? Yes. Where did I put her letter
after I read it in the bath? He patted his waistcoatpocket.
There all right. Dear Henry fled. Before my patience are
National school. Meade’s yard. The hazard. Only two
there now. Nodding. Full as a tick. Too much bone in
their skulls. The other trotting round with a fare. An hour
ago I was passing there. The jarvies raised their hats.
A pointsman’s back straightened itself upright suddenly
against a tramway standard by Mr Bloom’s window.
Couldn’t they invent something automatic so that the
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wheel itself much handier? Well but that fellow would
lose his job then? Well but then another fellow would get
a job making the new invention?
Antient concert rooms. Nothing on there. A man in a
buff suit with a crape armlet. Not much grief there.
Quarter mourning. People in law perhaps.
They went past the bleak pulpit of saint Mark’s, under
the railway bridge, past the Queen’s theatre: in silence.
Hoardings: Eugene Stratton, Mrs Bandmann Palmer.
Could I go to see LEAH tonight, I wonder. I said I. Or
the Lily of Killarney? Elster Grimes Opera Company. Big
powerful change. Wet bright bills for next week. Fun on
the Bristol. Martin Cunningham could work a pass for the
Gaiety. Have to stand a drink or two. As broad as it’s long.
He’s coming in the afternoon. Her songs.
Plasto’s. Sir Philip Crampton’s memorial fountain bust.
Who was he?
—How do you do? Martin Cunningham said, raising
his palm to his brow in salute.
—He doesn’t see us, Mr Power said. Yes, he does.
How do you do?
—Who? Mr Dedalus asked.
—Blazes Boylan, Mr Power said. There he is airing his
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Just that moment I was thinking.
Mr Dedalus bent across to salute. From the door of the
Red Bank the white disc of a straw hat flashed reply:
spruce figure: passed.
Mr Bloom reviewed the nails of his left hand, then
those of his right hand. The nails, yes. Is there anything
more in him that they she sees? Fascination. Worst man in
Dublin. That keeps him alive. They sometimes feel what a
person is. Instinct. But a type like that. My nails. I am just
looking at them: well pared. And after: thinking alone.
Body getting a bit softy. I would notice that: from
remembering. What causes that? I suppose the skin can’t
contract quickly enough when the flesh falls off. But the
shape is there. The shape is there still. Shoulders. Hips.
Plump. Night of the dance dressing. Shift stuck between
the cheeks behind.
He clasped his hands between his knees and, satisfied,
sent his vacant glance over their faces.
Mr Power asked:
—How is the concert tour getting on, Bloom?
—O, very well, Mr Bloom said. I hear great accounts
of it. It’s a good idea, you see ...
—Are you going yourself?
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—Well no, Mr Bloom said. In point of fact I have to
go down to the county Clare on some private business.
You see the idea is to tour the chief towns. What you lose
on one you can make up on the other.
—Quite so, Martin Cunningham said. Mary Anderson
is up there now.
Have you good artists?
—Louis Werner is touring her, Mr Bloom said. O yes,
we’ll have all topnobbers. J. C. Doyle and John
MacCormack I hope and. The best, in fact.
—And Madame, Mr Power said smiling. Last but not
Mr Bloom unclasped his hands in a gesture of soft
politeness and clasped them. Smith O’Brien. Someone has
laid a bunch of flowers there. Woman. Must be his
deathday. For many happy returns. The carriage wheeling
by Farrell’s statue united noiselessly their unresisting knees.
Oot: a dullgarbed old man from the curbstone tendered
his wares, his mouth opening: oot.
—Four bootlaces for a penny.
Wonder why he was struck off the rolls. Had his office
in Hume street. Same house as Molly’s namesake,
Tweedy, crown solicitor for Waterford. Has that silk hat
ever since. Relics of old decency. Mourning too. Terrible
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comedown, poor wretch! Kicked about like snuff at a
wake. O’Callaghan on his last legs.
And Madame. Twenty past eleven. Up. Mrs Fleming is
in to clean. Doing her hair, humming. voglio e non vorrei.
No. vorrei e non. Looking at the tips of her hairs to see if
they are split. Mi trema un poco il. Beautiful on that tre her
voice is: weeping tone. A thrush. A throstle. There is a
word throstle that expresses that.
His eyes passed lightly over Mr Power’s goodlooking
face. Greyish over the ears. Madame: smiling. I smiled
back. A smile goes a long way. Only politeness perhaps.
Nice fellow. Who knows is that true about the woman he
keeps? Not pleasant for the wife. Yet they say, who was it
told me, there is no carnal. You would imagine that
would get played out pretty quick. Yes, it was Crofton
met him one evening bringing her a pound of rumpsteak.
What is this she was? Barmaid in Jury’s. Or the Moira, was
They passed under the hugecloaked Liberator’s form.
Martin Cunningham nudged Mr Power.
—Of the tribe of Reuben, he said.
A tall blackbearded figure, bent on a stick, stumping
round the corner of Elvery’s Elephant house, showed
them a curved hand open on his spine.
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—In all his pristine beauty, Mr Power said.
Mr Dedalus looked after the stumping figure and said
—The devil break the hasp of your back!
Mr Power, collapsing in laughter, shaded his face from
the window as the carriage passed Gray’s statue.
—We have all been there, Martin Cunningham said
His eyes met Mr Bloom’s eyes. He caressed his beard,
—Well, nearly all of us.
Mr Bloom began to speak with sudden eagerness to his
companions’ faces.
—That’s an awfully good one that’s going the rounds
about Reuben J and the son.
—About the boatman? Mr Power asked.
—Yes. Isn’t it awfully good?
—What is that? Mr Dedalus asked. I didn’t hear it.
—There was a girl in the case, Mr Bloom began, and
he determined to send him to the Isle of Man out of
harm’s way but when they were both ...
—What? Mr Dedalus asked. That confirmed bloody
hobbledehoy is it?
166 of 1305
—Yes, Mr Bloom said. They were both on the way to
the boat and he tried to drown ...
—Drown Barabbas! Mr Dedalus cried. I wish to Christ
he did!
Mr Power sent a long laugh down his shaded nostrils.
—No, Mr Bloom said, the son himself ...
Martin Cunningham thwarted his speech rudely:
—Reuben and the son were piking it down the quay
next the river on their way to the Isle of Man boat and the
young chiseller suddenly got loose and over the wall with
him into the Liffey.
—For God’s sake! Mr Dedalus exclaimed in fright. Is
he dead?
—Dead! Martin Cunningham cried. Not he! A
boatman got a pole and fished him out by the slack of the
breeches and he was landed up to the father on the quay
more dead than alive. Half the town was there.
—Yes, Mr Bloom said. But the funny part is ...
—And Reuben J, Martin Cunningham said, gave the
boatman a florin for saving his son’s life.
A stifled sigh came from under Mr Power’s hand.
—O, he did, Martin Cunningham affirmed. Like a
hero. A silver florin.
—Isn’t it awfully good? Mr Bloom said eagerly.
167 of 1305
—One and eightpence too much, Mr Dedalus said
Mr Power’s choked laugh burst quietly in the carriage.
Nelson’s pillar.
—Eight plums a penny! Eight for a penny!
—We had better look a little serious, Martin
Cunningham said.
Mr Dedalus sighed.
—Ah then indeed, he said, poor little Paddy wouldn’t
grudge us a laugh. Many a good one he told himself.
—The Lord forgive me! Mr Power said, wiping his wet
eyes with his fingers. Poor Paddy! I little thought a week
ago when I saw him last and he was in his usual health that
I’d be driving after him like this. He’s gone from us.
—As decent a little man as ever wore a hat, Mr
Dedalus said. He went very suddenly.
—Breakdown, Martin Cunningham said. Heart.
He tapped his chest sadly.
Blazing face: redhot. Too much John Barleycorn. Cure
for a red nose. Drink like the devil till it turns adelite. A
lot of money he spent colouring it.
Mr Power gazed at the passing houses with rueful
—He had a sudden death, poor fellow, he said.
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—The best death, Mr Bloom said.
Their wide open eyes looked at him.
—No suffering, he said. A moment and all is over. Like
dying in sleep.
No-one spoke.
Dead side of the street this. Dull business by day, land
agents, temperance hotel, Falconer’s railway guide, civil
service college, Gill’s, catholic club, the industrious blind.
Why? Some reason. Sun or wind. At night too.
Chummies and slaveys. Under the patronage of the late
Father Mathew. Foundation stone for Parnell. Breakdown.
White horses with white frontlet plumes came round
the Rotunda corner, galloping. A tiny coffin flashed by. In
a hurry to bury. A mourning coach. Unmarried. Black for
the married. Piebald for bachelors. Dun for a nun.
—Sad, Martin Cunningham said. A child.
A dwarf’s face, mauve and wrinkled like little Rudy’s
was. Dwarf’s body, weak as putty, in a whitelined deal
box. Burial friendly society pays. Penny a week for a sod
of turf. Our. Little. Beggar. Baby. Meant nothing. Mistake
of nature. If it’s healthy it’s from the mother. If not from
the man. Better luck next time.
—Poor little thing, Mr Dedalus said. It’s well out of it.
169 of 1305
The carriage climbed more slowly the hill of Rutland
square. Rattle his bones. Over the stones. Only a pauper.
Nobody owns.
—In the midst of life, Martin Cunningham said.
—But the worst of all, Mr Power said, is the man who
takes his own life.
Martin Cunningham drew out his watch briskly,
coughed and put it back.
—The greatest disgrace to have in the family, Mr
Power added.
—Temporary insanity, of course, Martin Cunningham
said decisively. We must take a charitable view of it.
—They say a man who does it is a coward, Mr Dedalus
—It is not for us to judge, Martin Cunningham said.
Mr Bloom, about to speak, closed his lips again. Martin
Cunningham’s large eyes. Looking away now.
Sympathetic human man he is. Intelligent. Like
Shakespeare’s face. Always a good word to say. They have
no mercy on that here or infanticide. Refuse christian
burial. They used to drive a stake of wood through his
heart in the grave. As if it wasn’t broken already. Yet
sometimes they repent too late. Found in the riverbed
clutching rushes. He looked at me. And that awful
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drunkard of a wife of his. Setting up house for her time
after time and then pawning the furniture on him every
Saturday almost. Leading him the life of the damned.
Wear the heart out of a stone, that. Monday morning.
Start afresh. Shoulder to the wheel. Lord, she must have
looked a sight that night Dedalus told me he was in there.
Drunk about the place and capering with Martin’s
And they call me the jewel of Asia,
Of Asia,
The Geisha.
He looked away from me. He knows. Rattle his bones.
That afternoon of the inquest. The redlabelled bottle
on the table. The room in the hotel with hunting pictures.
Stuffy it was. Sunlight through the slats of the Venetian
blind. The coroner’s sunlit ears, big and hairy. Boots
giving evidence. Thought he was asleep first. Then saw
like yellow streaks on his face. Had slipped down to the
foot of the bed. Verdict: overdose. Death by
misadventure. The letter. For my son Leopold.
No more pain. Wake no more. Nobody owns.
The carriage rattled swiftly along Blessington street.
Over the stones.
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—We are going the pace, I think, Martin Cunningham
—God grant he doesn’t upset us on the road, Mr
Power said.
—I hope not, Martin Cunningham said. That will be a
great race tomorrow in Germany. The Gordon Bennett.
—Yes, by Jove, Mr Dedalus said. That will be worth
seeing, faith.
As they turned into Berkeley street a streetorgan near
the Basin sent over and after them a rollicking rattling
song of the halls. Has anybody here seen Kelly? Kay ee
double ell wy. Dead March from Saul. He’s as bad as old
Antonio. He left me on my ownio. Pirouette! The Mater
Misericordiae. Eccles street. My house down there. Big
place. Ward for incurables there. Very encouraging. Our
Lady’s Hospice for the dying. Deadhouse handy
underneath. Where old Mrs Riordan died. They look
terrible the women. Her feeding cup and rubbing her
mouth with the spoon. Then the screen round her bed for
her to die. Nice young student that was dressed that bite
the bee gave me. He’s gone over to the lying-in hospital
they told me. From one extreme to the other. The
carriage galloped round a corner: stopped.
—What’s wrong now?
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A divided drove of branded cattle passed the windows,
lowing, slouching by on padded hoofs, whisking their tails
slowly on their clotted bony croups. Outside them and
through them ran raddled sheep bleating their fear.
—Emigrants, Mr Power said.
—Huuuh! the drover’s voice cried, his switch sounding
on their flanks.
Huuuh! out of that!
Thursday, of course. Tomorrow is killing day.
Springers. Cuffe sold them about twentyseven quid each.
For Liverpool probably. Roastbeef for old England. They
buy up all the juicy ones. And then the fifth quarter lost:
all that raw stuff, hide, hair, horns. Comes to a big thing in
a year. Dead meat trade. Byproducts of the
slaughterhouses for tanneries, soap, margarine. Wonder if
that dodge works now getting dicky meat off the train at
The carriage moved on through the drove.
—I can’t make out why the corporation doesn’t run a
tramline from the parkgate to the quays, Mr Bloom said.
All those animals could be taken in trucks down to the
—Instead of blocking up the thoroughfare, Martin
Cunningham said. Quite right. They ought to.
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—Yes, Mr Bloom said, and another thing I often
thought, is to have municipal funeral trams like they have
in Milan, you know. Run the line out to the cemetery
gates and have special trams, hearse and carriage and all.
Don’t you see what I mean?
—O, that be damned for a story, Mr Dedalus said.
Pullman car and saloon diningroom.
—A poor lookout for Corny, Mr Power added.
—Why? Mr Bloom asked, turning to Mr Dedalus.
Wouldn’t it be more decent than galloping two abreast?
—Well, there’s something in that, Mr Dedalus granted.
—And, Martin Cunningham said, we wouldn’t have
scenes like that when the hearse capsized round Dunphy’s
and upset the coffin on to the road.
—That was terrible, Mr Power’s shocked face said, and
the corpse fell about the road. Terrible!
—First round Dunphy’s, Mr Dedalus said, nodding.
Gordon Bennett cup.
—Praises be to God! Martin Cunningham said piously.
Bom! Upset. A coffin bumped out on to the road.
Burst open. Paddy Dignam shot out and rolling over stiff
in the dust in a brown habit too large for him. Red face:
grey now. Mouth fallen open. Asking what’s up now.
Quite right to close it. Looks horrid open. Then the
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insides decompose quickly. Much better to close up all the
orifices. Yes, also. With wax. The sphincter loose. Seal up
—Dunphy’s, Mr Power announced as the carriage
turned right.
Dunphy’s corner. Mourning coaches drawn up,
drowning their grief. A pause by the wayside. Tiptop
position for a pub. Expect we’ll pull up here on the way
back to drink his health. Pass round the consolation. Elixir
of life.
But suppose now it did happen. Would he bleed if a
nail say cut him in the knocking about? He would and he
wouldn’t, I suppose. Depends on where. The circulation
stops. Still some might ooze out of an artery. It would be
better to bury them in red: a dark red.
In silence they drove along Phibsborough road. An
empty hearse trotted by, coming from the cemetery: looks
Crossguns bridge: the royal canal.
Water rushed roaring through the sluices. A man stood
on his dropping barge, between clamps of turf. On the
towpath by the lock a slacktethered horse. Aboard of the
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Their eyes watched him. On the slow weedy waterway
he had floated on his raft coastward over Ireland drawn by
a haulage rope past beds of reeds, over slime, mudchoked
bottles, carrion dogs. Athlone, Mullingar, Moyvalley, I
could make a walking tour to see Milly by the canal. Or
cycle down. Hire some old crock, safety. Wren had one
the other day at the auction but a lady’s. Developing
waterways. James M’Cann’s hobby to row me o’er the
ferry. Cheaper transit. By easy stages. Houseboats.
Camping out. Also hearses. To heaven by water. Perhaps I
will without writing. Come as a surprise, Leixlip,
Clonsilla. Dropping down lock by lock to Dublin. With
turf from the midland bogs. Salute. He lifted his brown
straw hat, saluting Paddy Dignam.
They drove on past Brian Boroimhe house. Near it
—I wonder how is our friend Fogarty getting on, Mr
Power said.
—Better ask Tom Kernan, Mr Dedalus said.
—How is that? Martin Cunningham said. Left him
weeping, I suppose?
—Though lost to sight, Mr Dedalus said, to memory
The carriage steered left for Finglas road.
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The stonecutter’s yard on the right. Last lap. Crowded
on the spit of land silent shapes appeared, white,
sorrowful, holding out calm hands, knelt in grief, pointing.
Fragments of shapes, hewn. In white silence: appealing.
The best obtainable. Thos. H. Dennany, monumental
builder and sculptor.
On the curbstone before Jimmy Geary, the sexton’s, an
old tramp sat, grumbling, emptying the dirt and stones out
of his huge dustbrown yawning boot. After life’s journey.
Gloomy gardens then went by: one by one: gloomy
Mr Power pointed.
—That is where Childs was murdered, he said. The last
—So it is, Mr Dedalus said. A gruesome case. Seymour
Bushe got him off. Murdered his brother. Or so they said.
—The crown had no evidence, Mr Power said.
—Only circumstantial, Martin Cunningham added.
That’s the maxim of the law. Better for ninetynine guilty
to escape than for one innocent person to be wrongfully
They looked. Murderer’s ground. It passed darkly.
Shuttered, tenantless, unweeded garden. Whole place
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gone to hell. Wrongfully condemned. Murder. The
murderer’s image in the eye of the murdered. They love
reading about it. Man’s head found in a garden. Her
clothing consisted of. How she met her death. Recent
outrage. The weapon used. Murderer is still at large.
Clues. A shoelace. The body to be exhumed. Murder will
Cramped in this carriage. She mightn’t like me to come
that way without letting her know. Must be careful about
women. Catch them once with their pants down. Never
forgive you after. Fifteen.
The high railings of Prospect rippled past their gaze.
Dark poplars, rare white forms. Forms more frequent,
white shapes thronged amid the trees, white forms and
fragments streaming by mutely, sustaining vain gestures on
the air.
The felly harshed against the curbstone: stopped.
Martin Cunningham put out his arm and, wrenching back
the handle, shoved the door open with his knee. He
stepped out. Mr Power and Mr Dedalus followed.
Change that soap now. Mr Bloom’s hand unbuttoned
his hip pocket swiftly and transferred the paperstuck soap
to his inner handkerchief pocket. He stepped out of the
carriage, replacing the newspaper his other hand still held.
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Paltry funeral: coach and three carriages. It’s all the
same. Pallbearers, gold reins, requiem mass, firing a volley.
Pomp of death. Beyond the hind carriage a hawker stood
by his barrow of cakes and fruit. Simnel cakes those are,
stuck together: cakes for the dead. Dogbiscuits. Who ate
them? Mourners coming out.
He followed his companions. Mr Kernan and Ned
Lambert followed, Hynes walking after them. Corny
Kelleher stood by the opened hearse and took out the two
wreaths. He handed one to the boy.
Where is that child’s funeral disappeared to?
A team of horses passed from Finglas with toiling
plodding tread, dragging through the funereal silence a
creaking waggon on which lay a granite block. The
waggoner marching at their head saluted.
Coffin now. Got here before us, dead as he is. Horse
looking round at it with his plume skeowways. Dull eye:
collar tight on his neck, pressing on a bloodvessel or
something. Do they know what they cart out here every
day? Must be twenty or thirty funerals every day. Then
Mount Jerome for the protestants. Funerals all over the
world everywhere every minute. Shovelling them under
by the cartload doublequick. Thousands every hour. Too
many in the world.
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Mourners came out through the gates: woman and a
girl. Leanjawed harpy, hard woman at a bargain, her
bonnet awry. Girl’s face stained with dirt and tears,
holding the woman’s arm, looking up at her for a sign to
cry. Fish’s face, bloodless and livid.
The mutes shouldered the coffin and bore it in through
the gates. So much dead weight. Felt heavier myself
stepping out of that bath. First the stiff: then the friends of
the stiff. Corny Kelleher and the boy followed with their
wreaths. Who is that beside them? Ah, the brother-in-law.
All walked after.
Martin Cunningham whispered:
—I was in mortal agony with you talking of suicide
before Bloom.
—What? Mr Power whispered. How so?
—His father poisoned himself, Martin Cunningham
whispered. Had the Queen’s hotel in Ennis. You heard
him say he was going to Clare. Anniversary.
—O God! Mr Power whispered. First I heard of it.
Poisoned himself?
He glanced behind him to where a face with dark
thinking eyes followed towards the cardinal’s mausoleum.
—Was he insured? Mr Bloom asked.
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—I believe so, Mr Kernan answered. But the policy
was heavily mortgaged. Martin is trying to get the
youngster into Artane.
—How many children did he leave?
—Five. Ned Lambert says he’ll try to get one of the
girls into Todd’s.
—A sad case, Mr Bloom said gently. Five young
—A great blow to the poor wife, Mr Kernan added.
—Indeed yes, Mr Bloom agreed.
Has the laugh at him now.
He looked down at the boots he had blacked and
polished. She had outlived him. Lost her husband. More
dead for her than for me. One must outlive the other.
Wise men say. There are more women than men in the
world. Condole with her. Your terrible loss. I hope you’ll
soon follow him. For Hindu widows only. She would
marry another. Him? No. Yet who knows after.
Widowhood not the thing since the old queen died.
Drawn on a guncarriage. Victoria and Albert. Frogmore
memorial mourning. But in the end she put a few violets
in her bonnet. Vain in her heart of hearts. All for a
shadow. Consort not even a king. Her son was the
substance. Something new to hope for not like the past
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she wanted back, waiting. It never comes. One must go
first: alone, under the ground: and lie no more in her
warm bed.
—How are you, Simon? Ned Lambert said softly,
clasping hands. Haven’t seen you for a month of Sundays.
—Never better. How are all in Cork’s own town?
—I was down there for the Cork park races on Easter
Monday, Ned Lambert said. Same old six and eightpence.
Stopped with Dick Tivy.
—And how is Dick, the solid man?
—Nothing between himself and heaven, Ned Lambert
—By the holy Paul! Mr Dedalus said in subdued
wonder. Dick Tivy bald?
—Martin is going to get up a whip for the youngsters,
Ned Lambert said, pointing ahead. A few bob a skull. Just
to keep them going till the insurance is cleared up.
—Yes, yes, Mr Dedalus said dubiously. Is that the
eldest boy in front?
—Yes, Ned Lambert said, with the wife’s brother. John
Henry Menton is behind. He put down his name for a
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—I’ll engage he did, Mr Dedalus said. I often told poor
Paddy he ought to mind that job. John Henry is not the
worst in the world.
—How did he lose it? Ned Lambert asked. Liquor,
—Many a good man’s fault, Mr Dedalus said with a
They halted about the door of the mortuary chapel. Mr
Bloom stood behind the boy with the wreath looking
down at his sleekcombed hair and at the slender furrowed
neck inside his brandnew collar. Poor boy! Was he there
when the father? Both unconscious. Lighten up at the last
moment and recognise for the last time. All he might have
done. I owe three shillings to O’Grady. Would he
understand? The mutes bore the coffin into the chapel.
Which end is his head?
After a moment he followed the others in, blinking in
the screened light. The coffin lay on its bier before the
chancel, four tall yellow candles at its corners. Always in
front of us. Corny Kelleher, laying a wreath at each fore
corner, beckoned to the boy to kneel. The mourners knelt
here and there in prayingdesks. Mr Bloom stood behind
near the font and, when all had knelt, dropped carefully
his unfolded newspaper from his pocket and knelt his right
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knee upon it. He fitted his black hat gently on his left
knee and, holding its brim, bent over piously.
A server bearing a brass bucket with something in it
came out through a door. The whitesmocked priest came
after him, tidying his stole with one hand, balancing with
the other a little book against his toad’s belly. Who’ll read
the book? I, said the rook.
They halted by the bier and the priest began to read
out of his book with a fluent croak.
Father Coffey. I knew his name was like a coffin.
Domine-namine. Bully about the muzzle he looks. Bosses
the show. Muscular christian. Woe betide anyone that
looks crooked at him: priest. Thou art Peter. Burst
sideways like a sheep in clover Dedalus says he will. With
a belly on him like a poisoned pup. Most amusing
expressions that man finds. Hhhn: burst sideways.
—Non intres in judicium cum servo tuo, Domine.
Makes them feel more important to be prayed over in
Latin. Requiem mass. Crape weepers. Blackedged
notepaper. Your name on the altarlist. Chilly place this.
Want to feed well, sitting in there all the morning in the
gloom kicking his heels waiting for the next please. Eyes
of a toad too. What swells him up that way? Molly gets
swelled after cabbage. Air of the place maybe. Looks full
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up of bad gas. Must be an infernal lot of bad gas round the
place. Butchers, for instance: they get like raw beefsteaks.
Who was telling me? Mervyn Browne. Down in the
vaults of saint Werburgh’s lovely old organ hundred and
fifty they have to bore a hole in the coffins sometimes to
let out the bad gas and burn it. Out it rushes: blue. One
whiff of that and you’re a goner.
My kneecap is hurting me. Ow. That’s better.
The priest took a stick with a knob at the end of it out
of the boy’s bucket and shook it over the coffin. Then he
walked to the other end and shook it again. Then he came
back and put it back in the bucket. As you were before
you rested. It’s all written down: he has to do it.
—Et ne nos inducas in tentationem.
The server piped the answers in the treble. I often
thought it would be better to have boy servants. Up to
fifteen or so. After that, of course ...
Holy water that was, I expect. Shaking sleep out of it.
He must be fed up with that job, shaking that thing over
all the corpses they trot up. What harm if he could see
what he was shaking it over. Every mortal day a fresh
batch: middleaged men, old women, children, women
dead in childbirth, men with beards, baldheaded
businessmen, consumptive girls with little sparrows’
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breasts. All the year round he prayed the same thing over
them all and shook water on top of them: sleep. On
Dignam now.
—In paradisum.
Said he was going to paradise or is in paradise. Says that
over everybody. Tiresome kind of a job. But he has to say
The priest closed his book and went off, followed by
the server. Corny Kelleher opened the sidedoors and the
gravediggers came in, hoisted the coffin again, carried it
out and shoved it on their cart. Corny Kelleher gave one
wreath to the boy and one to the brother-in-law. All
followed them out of the sidedoors into the mild grey air.
Mr Bloom came last folding his paper again into his
pocket. He gazed gravely at the ground till the coffincart
wheeled off to the left. The metal wheels ground the
gravel with a sharp grating cry and the pack of blunt boots
followed the trundled barrow along a lane of sepulchres.
The ree the ra the ree the ra the roo. Lord, I mustn’t
lilt here.
—The O’Connell circle, Mr Dedalus said about him.
Mr Power’s soft eyes went up to the apex of the lofty
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—He’s at rest, he said, in the middle of his people, old
Dan O’. But his heart is buried in Rome. How many
broken hearts are buried here, Simon!
—Her grave is over there, Jack, Mr Dedalus said. I’ll
soon be stretched beside her. Let Him take me whenever
He likes.
Breaking down, he began to weep to himself quietly,
stumbling a little in his walk. Mr Power took his arm.
—She’s better where she is, he said kindly.
—I suppose so, Mr Dedalus said with a weak gasp. I
suppose she is in heaven if there is a heaven.
Corny Kelleher stepped aside from his rank and
allowed the mourners to plod by.
—Sad occasions, Mr Kernan began politely.
Mr Bloom closed his eyes and sadly twice bowed his
—The others are putting on their hats, Mr Kernan said.
I suppose we can do so too. We are the last. This
cemetery is a treacherous place.
They covered their heads.
—The reverend gentleman read the service too
quickly, don’t you think? Mr Kernan said with reproof.
Mr Bloom nodded gravely looking in the quick
bloodshot eyes. Secret eyes, secretsearching. Mason, I
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think: not sure. Beside him again. We are the last. In the
same boat. Hope he’ll say something else.
Mr Kernan added:
—The service of the Irish church used in Mount
Jerome is simpler, more impressive I must say.
Mr Bloom gave prudent assent. The language of course
was another thing.
Mr Kernan said with solemnity:
I am the resurrection and the life. That touches a man’s
inmost heart.
—It does, Mr Bloom said.
Your heart perhaps but what price the fellow in the six
feet by two with his toes to the daisies? No touching that.
Seat of the affections. Broken heart. A pump after all,
pumping thousands of gallons of blood every day. One
fine day it gets bunged up: and there you are. Lots of them
lying around here: lungs, hearts, livers. Old rusty pumps:
damn the thing else. The resurrection and the life. Once
you are dead you are dead. That last day idea. Knocking
them all up out of their graves. Come forth, Lazarus! And
he came fifth and lost the job. Get up! Last day! Then
every fellow mousing around for his liver and his lights
and the rest of his traps. Find damn all of himself that
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morning. Pennyweight of powder in a skull. Twelve
grammes one pennyweight. Troy measure.
Corny Kelleher fell into step at their side.
—Everything went off A1, he said. What?
He looked on them from his drawling eye. Policeman’s
shoulders. With your tooraloom tooraloom.
—As it should be, Mr Kernan said.
—What? Eh? Corny Kelleher said.
Mr Kernan assured him.
—Who is that chap behind with Tom Kernan? John
Henry Menton asked. I know his face.
Ned Lambert glanced back.
—Bloom, he said, Madame Marion Tweedy that was,
is, I mean, the soprano. She’s his wife.
—O, to be sure, John Henry Menton said. I haven’t
seen her for some time. he was a finelooking woman. I
danced with her, wait, fifteen seventeen golden years ago,
at Mat Dillon’s in Roundtown. And a good armful she
He looked behind through the others.
—What is he? he asked. What does he do? Wasn’t he
in the stationery line? I fell foul of him one evening, I
remember, at bowls.
Ned Lambert smiled.
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—Yes, he was, he said, in Wisdom Hely’s. A traveller
for blottingpaper.
—In God’s name, John Henry Menton said, what did
she marry a coon like that for? She had plenty of game in
her then.
—Has still, Ned Lambert said. He does some canvassing
for ads.
John Henry Menton’s large eyes stared ahead.
The barrow turned into a side lane. A portly man,
ambushed among the grasses, raised his hat in homage.
The gravediggers touched their caps.
—John O’Connell, Mr Power said pleased. He never
forgets a friend.
Mr O’Connell shook all their hands in silence. Mr
Dedalus said:
—I am come to pay you another visit.
—My dear Simon, the caretaker answered in a low
voice. I don’t want your custom at all.
Saluting Ned Lambert and John Henry Menton he
walked on at Martin Cunningham’s side puzzling two
long keys at his back.
—Did you hear that one, he asked them, about
Mulcahy from the Coombe?
—I did not, Martin Cunningham said.
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They bent their silk hats in concert and Hynes inclined
his ear. The caretaker hung his thumbs in the loops of his
gold watchchain and spoke in a discreet tone to their
vacant smiles.
—They tell the story, he said, that two drunks came
out here one foggy evening to look for the grave of a
friend of theirs. They asked for Mulcahy from the
Coombe and were told where he was buried. After
traipsing about in the fog they found the grave sure
enough. One of the drunks spelt out the name: Terence
Mulcahy. The other drunk was blinking up at a statue of
Our Saviour the widow had got put up.
The caretaker blinked up at one of the sepulchres they
passed. He resumed:
—And, after blinking up at the sacred figure, Not a
bloody bit like the man, says he. That’s not Mulcahy, says he,
whoever done it.
Rewarded by smiles he fell back and spoke with Corny
Kelleher, accepting the dockets given him, turning them
over and scanning them as he walked.
—That’s all done with a purpose, Martin Cunningham
explained to Hynes.
—I know, Hynes said. I know that.
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—To cheer a fellow up, Martin Cunningham said. It’s
pure goodheartedness: damn the thing else.
Mr Bloom admired the caretaker’s prosperous bulk. All
want to be on good terms with him. Decent fellow, John
O’Connell, real good sort. Keys: like Keyes’s ad: no fear of
anyone getting out. No passout checks. Habeas corpus. I
must see about that ad after the funeral. Did I write
Ballsbridge on the envelope I took to cover when she
disturbed me writing to Martha? Hope it’s not chucked in
the dead letter office. Be the better of a shave. Grey
sprouting beard. That’s the first sign when the hairs come
out grey. And temper getting cross. Silver threads among
the grey. Fancy being his wife. Wonder he had the
gumption to propose to any girl. Come out and live in the
graveyard. Dangle that before her. It might thrill her first.
Courting death ... Shades of night hovering here with all
the dead stretched about. The shadows of the tombs when
churchyards yawn and Daniel O’Connell must be a
descendant I suppose who is this used to say he was a
queer breedy man great catholic all the same like a big
giant in the dark. Will o’ the wisp. Gas of graves. Want to
keep her mind off it to conceive at all. Women especially
are so touchy. Tell her a ghost story in bed to make her
sleep. Have you ever seen a ghost? Well, I have. It was a
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pitchdark night. The clock was on the stroke of twelve.
Still they’d kiss all right if properly keyed up. Whores in
Turkish graveyards. Learn anything if taken young. You
might pick up a young widow here. Men like that. Love
among the tombstones. Romeo. Spice of pleasure. In the
midst of death we are in life. Both ends meet. Tantalising
for the poor dead. Smell of grilled beefsteaks to the
starving. Gnawing their vitals. Desire to grig people.
Molly wanting to do it at the window. Eight children he
has anyway.
He has seen a fair share go under in his time, lying
around him field after field. Holy fields. More room if
they buried them standing. Sitting or kneeling you
couldn’t. Standing? His head might come up some day
above ground in a landslip with his hand pointing. All
honeycombed the ground must be: oblong cells. And very
neat he keeps it too: trim grass and edgings. His garden
Major Gamble calls Mount Jerome. Well, so it is. Ought
to be flowers of sleep. Chinese cemeteries with giant
poppies growing produce the best opium Mastiansky told
me. The Botanic Gardens are just over there. It’s the
blood sinking in the earth gives new life. Same idea those
jews they said killed the christian boy. Every man his
price. Well preserved fat corpse, gentleman, epicure,
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invaluable for fruit garden. A bargain. By carcass of
William Wilkinson, auditor and accountant, lately
deceased, three pounds thirteen and six. With thanks.
I daresay the soil would be quite fat with
corpsemanure, bones, flesh, nails. Charnelhouses.
Dreadful. Turning green and pink decomposing. Rot
quick in damp earth. The lean old ones tougher. Then a
kind of a tallowy kind of a cheesy. Then begin to get
black, black treacle oozing out of them. Then dried up.
Deathmoths. Of course the cells or whatever they are go
on living. Changing about. Live for ever practically.
Nothing to feed on feed on themselves.
But they must breed a devil of a lot of maggots. Soil
must be simply swirling with them. Your head it simply
swurls. Those pretty little seaside gurls. He looks cheerful
enough over it. Gives him a sense of power seeing all the
others go under first. Wonder how he looks at life.
Cracking his jokes too: warms the cockles of his heart.
The one about the bulletin. Spurgeon went to heaven 4
a.m. this morning. 11 p.m. (closing time). Not arrived yet.
Peter. The dead themselves the men anyhow would like
to hear an odd joke or the women to know what’s in
fashion. A juicy pear or ladies’ punch, hot, strong and
sweet. Keep out the damp. You must laugh sometimes so
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better do it that way. Gravediggers in Hamlet. Shows the
profound knowledge of the human heart. Daren’t joke
about the dead for two years at least. De mortuis nil nisi
prius. Go out of mourning first. Hard to imagine his
funeral. Seems a sort of a joke. Read your own obituary
notice they say you live longer. Gives you second wind.
New lease of life.
—How many have-you for tomorrow? the caretaker
—Two, Corny Kelleher said. Half ten and eleven.
The caretaker put the papers in his pocket. The barrow
had ceased to trundle. The mourners split and moved to
each side of the hole, stepping with care round the graves.
The gravediggers bore the coffin and set its nose on the
brink, looping the bands round it.
Burying him. We come to bury Caesar. His ides of
March or June. He doesn’t know who is here nor care.
Now who is that lankylooking galoot over there in the
macintosh? Now who is he I’d like to know? Now I’d
give a trifle to know who he is. Always someone turns up
you never dreamt of. A fellow could live on his lonesome
all his life. Yes, he could. Still he’d have to get someone to
sod him after he died though he could dig his own grave.
We all do. Only man buries. No, ants too. First thing
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strikes anybody. Bury the dead. Say Robinson Crusoe was
true to life. Well then Friday buried him. Every Friday
buries a Thursday if you come to look at it.
O, poor Robinson Crusoe!
How could you possibly do so?
Poor Dignam! His last lie on the earth in his box.
When you think of them all it does seem a waste of wood.
All gnawed through. They could invent a handsome bier
with a kind of panel sliding, let it down that way. Ay but
they might object to be buried out of another fellow’s.
They’re so particular. Lay me in my native earth. Bit of
clay from the holy land. Only a mother and deadborn
child ever buried in the one coffin. I see what it means. I
see. To protect him as long as possible even in the earth.
The Irishman’s house is his coffin. Embalming in
catacombs, mummies the same idea.
Mr Bloom stood far back, his hat in his hand, counting
the bared heads. Twelve. I’m thirteen. No. The chap in
the macintosh is thirteen. Death’s number. Where the
deuce did he pop out of? He wasn’t in the chapel, that I’ll
swear. Silly superstition that about thirteen.
Nice soft tweed Ned Lambert has in that suit. Tinge of
purple. I had one like that when we lived in Lombard
street west. Dressy fellow he was once. Used to change
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three suits in the day. Must get that grey suit of mine
turned by Mesias. Hello. It’s dyed. His wife I forgot he’s
not married or his landlady ought to have picked out those
threads for him.
The coffin dived out of sight, eased down by the men
straddled on the gravetrestles. They struggled up and out:
and all uncovered. Twenty.
If we were all suddenly somebody else.
Far away a donkey brayed. Rain. No such ass. Never
see a dead one, they say. Shame of death. They hide. Also
poor papa went away.
Gentle sweet air blew round the bared heads in a
whisper. Whisper. The boy by the gravehead held his
wreath with both hands staring quietly in the black open
space. Mr Bloom moved behind the portly kindly
caretaker. Wellcut frockcoat. Weighing them up perhaps
to see which will go next. Well, it is a long rest. Feel no
more. It’s the moment you feel. Must be damned
unpleasant. Can’t believe it at first. Mistake must be:
someone else. Try the house opposite. Wait, I wanted to.
I haven’t yet. Then darkened deathchamber. Light they
want. Whispering around you. Would you like to see a
priest? Then rambling and wandering. Delirium all you
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hid all your life. The death struggle. His sleep is not
natural. Press his lower eyelid. Watching is his nose
pointed is his jaw sinking are the soles of his feet yellow.
Pull the pillow away and finish it off on the floor since
he’s doomed. Devil in that picture of sinner’s death
showing him a woman. Dying to embrace her in his shirt.
Last act of Lucia. Shall i nevermore behold thee? Bam! He
expires. Gone at last. People talk about you a bit: forget
you. Don’t forget to pray for him. Remember him in
your prayers. Even Parnell. Ivy day dying out. Then they
follow: dropping into a hole, one after the other.
We are praying now for the repose of his soul. Hoping
you’re well and not in hell. Nice change of air. Out of the
fryingpan of life into the fire of purgatory.
Does he ever think of the hole waiting for himself?
They say you do when you shiver in the sun. Someone
walking over it. Callboy’s warning. Near you. Mine over
there towards Finglas, the plot I bought. Mamma, poor
mamma, and little Rudy.
The gravediggers took up their spades and flung heavy
clods of clay in on the coffin. Mr Bloom turned away his
face. And if he was alive all the time? Whew! By jingo,
that would be awful! No, no: he is dead, of course. Of
course he is dead. Monday he died. They ought to have
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some law to pierce the heart and make sure or an electric
clock or a telephone in the coffin and some kind of a
canvas airhole. Flag of distress. Three days. Rather long to
keep them in summer. Just as well to get shut of them as
soon as you are sure there’s no.
The clay fell softer. Begin to be forgotten. Out of sight,
out of mind.
The caretaker moved away a few paces and put on his
hat. Had enough of it. The mourners took heart of grace,
one by one, covering themselves without show. Mr
Bloom put on his hat and saw the portly figure make its
way deftly through the maze of graves. Quietly, sure of his
ground, he traversed the dismal fields.
Hynes jotting down something in his notebook. Ah,
the names. But he knows them all. No: coming to me.
—I am just taking the names, Hynes said below his
breath. What is your christian name? I’m not sure.
—L, Mr Bloom said. Leopold. And you might put
down M’Coy’s name too. He asked me to.
—Charley, Hynes said writing. I know. He was on the
Freeman once.
So he was before he got the job in the morgue under
Louis Byrne. Good idea a postmortem for doctors. Find
out what they imagine they know. He died of a Tuesday.
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Got the run. Levanted with the cash of a few ads. Charley,
you’re my darling. That was why he asked me to. O well,
does no harm. I saw to that, M’Coy. Thanks, old chap:
much obliged. Leave him under an obligation: costs
—And tell us, Hynes said, do you know that fellow in
the, fellow was over there in the ...
He looked around.
—Macintosh. Yes, I saw him, Mr Bloom said. Where is
he now?
—M’Intosh, Hynes said scribbling. I don’t know who
he is. Is that his name?
He moved away, looking about him.
—No, Mr Bloom began, turning and stopping. I say,
Didn’t hear. What? Where has he disappeared to? Not
a sign. Well of all the. Has anybody here seen? Kay ee
double ell. Become invisible. Good Lord, what became of
A seventh gravedigger came beside Mr Bloom to take
up an idle spade.
—O, excuse me!
He stepped aside nimbly.
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Clay, brown, damp, began to be seen in the hole. It
rose. Nearly over. A mound of damp clods rose more,
rose, and the gravediggers rested their spades. All
uncovered again for a few instants. The boy propped his
wreath against a corner: the brother-in-law his on a lump.
The gravediggers put on their caps and carried their earthy
spades towards the barrow. Then knocked the blades
lightly on the turf: clean. One bent to pluck from the haft
a long tuft of grass. One, leaving his mates, walked slowly
on with shouldered weapon, its blade blueglancing.
Silently at the gravehead another coiled the coffinband.
His navelcord. The brother-in-law, turning away, placed
something in his free hand. Thanks in silence. Sorry, sir:
trouble. Headshake. I know that. For yourselves just.
The mourners moved away slowly without aim, by
devious paths, staying at whiles to read a name on a tomb.
—Let us go round by the chief’s grave, Hynes said. We
have time.
—Let us, Mr Power said.
They turned to the right, following their slow
thoughts. With awe Mr Power’s blank voice spoke:
—Some say he is not in that grave at all. That the
coffin was filled with stones. That one day he will come
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Hynes shook his head.
—Parnell will never come again, he said. He’s there, all
that was mortal of him. Peace to his ashes.
Mr Bloom walked unheeded along his grove by
saddened angels, crosses, broken pillars, family vaults, stone
hopes praying with upcast eyes, old Ireland’s hearts and
hands. More sensible to spend the money on some charity
for the living. Pray for the repose of the soul of. Does
anybody really? Plant him and have done with him. Like
down a coalshoot. Then lump them together to save time.
All souls’ day. Twentyseventh I’ll be at his grave. Ten
shillings for the gardener. He keeps it free of weeds. Old
man himself. Bent down double with his shears clipping.
Near death’s door. Who passed away. Who departed this
life. As if they did it of their own accord. Got the shove,
all of them. Who kicked the bucket. More interesting if
they told you what they were. So and So, wheelwright. I
travelled for cork lino. I paid five shillings in the pound.
Or a woman’s with her saucepan. I cooked good Irish
stew. Eulogy in a country churchyard it ought to be that
poem of whose is it Wordsworth or Thomas Campbell.
Entered into rest the protestants put it. Old Dr Murren’s.
The great physician called him home. Well it’s God’s acre
for them. Nice country residence. Newly plastered and
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painted. Ideal spot to have a quiet smoke and read the
Church Times. Marriage ads they never try to beautify.
Rusty wreaths hung on knobs, garlands of bronzefoil.
Better value that for the money. Still, the flowers are more
poetical. The other gets rather tiresome, never withering.
Expresses nothing. Immortelles.
A bird sat tamely perched on a poplar branch. Like
stuffed. Like the wedding present alderman Hooper gave
us. Hoo! Not a budge out of him. Knows there are no
catapults to let fly at him. Dead animal even sadder. Silly-
Milly burying the little dead bird in the kitchen matchbox,
a daisychain and bits of broken chainies on the grave.
The Sacred Heart that is: showing it. Heart on his
sleeve. Ought to be sideways and red it should be painted
like a real heart. Ireland was dedicated to it or whatever
that. Seems anything but pleased. Why this infliction?
Would birds come then and peck like the boy with the
basket of fruit but he said no because they ought to have
been afraid of the boy. Apollo that was.
How many! All these here once walked round Dublin.
Faithful departed. As you are now so once were we.
Besides how could you remember everybody? Eyes,
walk, voice. Well, the voice, yes: gramophone. Have a
gramophone in every grave or keep it in the house. After
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dinner on a Sunday. Put on poor old greatgrandfather.
Kraahraark! Hellohellohello amawfullyglad kraark
awfullygladaseeagain hellohello amawf krpthsth. Remind
you of the voice like the photograph reminds you of the
face. Otherwise you couldn’t remember the face after
fifteen years, say. For instance who? For instance some
fellow that died when I was in Wisdom Hely’s.
Rtststr! A rattle of pebbles. Wait. Stop!
He looked down intently into a stone crypt. Some
animal. Wait. There he goes.
An obese grey rat toddled along the side of the crypt,
moving the pebbles. An old stager: greatgrandfather: he
knows the ropes. The grey alive crushed itself in under the
plinth, wriggled itself in under it. Good hidingplace for
Who lives there? Are laid the remains of Robert
Emery. Robert Emmet was buried here by torchlight,
wasn’t he? Making his rounds.
Tail gone now.
One of those chaps would make short work of a fellow.
Pick the bones clean no matter who it was. Ordinary meat
for them. A corpse is meat gone bad. Well and what’s
cheese? Corpse of milk. I read in that Voyages in China that
the Chinese say a white man smells like a corpse.
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Cremation better. Priests dead against it. Devilling for the
other firm. Wholesale burners and Dutch oven dealers.
Time of the plague. Quicklime feverpits to eat them.
Lethal chamber. Ashes to ashes. Or bury at sea. Where is
that Parsee tower of silence? Eaten by birds. Earth, fire,
water. Drowning they say is the pleasantest. See your
whole life in a flash. But being brought back to life no.
Can’t bury in the air however. Out of a flying machine.
Wonder does the news go about whenever a fresh one is
let down. Underground communication. We learned that
from them. Wouldn’t be surprised. Regular square feed
for them. Flies come before he’s well dead. Got wind of
Dignam. They wouldn’t care about the smell of it.
Saltwhite crumbling mush of corpse: smell, taste like raw
white turnips.
The gates glimmered in front: still open. Back to the
world again. Enough of this place. Brings you a bit nearer
every time. Last time I was here was Mrs Sinico’s funeral.
Poor papa too. The love that kills. And even scraping up
the earth at night with a lantern like that case I read of to
get at fresh buried females or even putrefied with running
gravesores. Give you the creeps after a bit. I will appear to
you after death. You will see my ghost after death. My
ghost will haunt you after death. There is another world
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after death named hell. I do not like that other world she
wrote. No more do I. Plenty to see and hear and feel yet.
Feel live warm beings near you. Let them sleep in their
maggoty beds. They are not going to get me this innings.
Warm beds: warm fullblooded life.
Martin Cunningham emerged from a sidepath, talking
Solicitor, I think. I know his face. Menton, John
Henry, solicitor, commissioner for oaths and affidavits.
Dignam used to be in his office. Mat Dillon’s long ago.
Jolly Mat. Convivial evenings. Cold fowl, cigars, the
Tantalus glasses. Heart of gold really. Yes, Menton. Got
his rag out that evening on the bowlinggreen because I
sailed inside him. Pure fluke of mine: the bias. Why he
took such a rooted dislike to me. Hate at first sight. Molly
and Floey Dillon linked under the lilactree, laughing.
Fellow always like that, mortified if women are by.
Got a dinge in the side of his hat. Carriage probably.
—Excuse me, sir, Mr Bloom said beside them.
They stopped.
—Your hat is a little crushed, Mr Bloom said pointing.
John Henry Menton stared at him for an instant
without moving.
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—There, Martin Cunningham helped, pointing also.
John Henry Menton took off his hat, bulged out the dinge
and smoothed the nap with care on his coatsleeve. He
clapped the hat on his head again.
—It’s all right now, Martin Cunningham said.
John Henry Menton jerked his head down in
—Thank you, he said shortly.
They walked on towards the gates. Mr Bloom,
chapfallen, drew behind a few paces so as not to overhear.
Martin laying down the law. Martin could wind a
sappyhead like that round his little finger, without his
seeing it.
Oyster eyes. Never mind. Be sorry after perhaps when
it dawns on him. Get the pull over him that way.
Thank you. How grand we are this morning!
* * * * *
Before Nelson’s pillar trams slowed, shunted, changed
trolley, started for Blackrock, Kingstown and Dalkey,
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Clonskea, Rathgar and Terenure, Palmerston Park and
upper Rathmines, Sandymount Green, Rathmines,
Ringsend and Sandymount Tower, Harold’s Cross. The
hoarse Dublin United Tramway Company’s timekeeper
bawled them off:
—Rathgar and Terenure!
—Come on, Sandymount Green!
Right and left parallel clanging ringing a doubledecker
and a singledeck moved from their railheads, swerved to
the down line, glided parallel.
—Start, Palmerston Park!
Under the porch of the general post office shoeblacks
called and polished. Parked in North Prince’s street His
Majesty’s vermilion mailcars, bearing on their sides the
royal initials, E. R., received loudly flung sacks of letters,
postcards, lettercards, parcels, insured and paid, for local,
provincial, British and overseas delivery.
Grossbooted draymen rolled barrels dullthudding out of
Prince’s stores and bumped them up on the brewery float.
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On the brewery float bumped dullthudding barrels rolled
by grossbooted draymen out of Prince’s stores.
—There it is, Red Murray said. Alexander Keyes.
—Just cut it out, will you? Mr Bloom said, and I’ll take
it round to the Telegraph office.
The door of Ruttledge’s office creaked again. Davy
Stephens, minute in a large capecoat, a small felt hat
crowning his ringlets, passed out with a roll of papers
under his cape, a king’s courier.
Red Murray’s long shears sliced out the advertisement
from the newspaper in four clean strokes. Scissors and
—I’ll go through the printingworks, Mr Bloom said,
taking the cut square.
—Of course, if he wants a par, Red Murray said
earnestly, a pen behind his ear, we can do him one.
—Right, Mr Bloom said with a nod. I’ll rub that in.
Red Murray touched Mr Bloom’s arm with the shears
and whispered:
209 of 1305
Mr Bloom turned and saw the liveried porter raise his
lettered cap as a stately figure entered between the
newsboards of the Weekly Freeman and National Press and
the Freeman’s Journal and National Press. Dullthudding
Guinness’s barrels. It passed statelily up the staircase,
steered by an umbrella, a solemn beardframed face. The
broadcloth back ascended each step: back. All his brains
are in the nape of his neck, Simon Dedalus says. Welts of
flesh behind on him. Fat folds of neck, fat, neck, fat, neck.
—Don’t you think his face is like Our Saviour? Red
Murray whispered.
The door of Ruttledge’s office whispered: ee: cree.
They always build one door opposite another for the wind
to. Way in. Way out.
Our Saviour: beardframed oval face: talking in the
dusk. Mary, Martha. Steered by an umbrella sword to the
footlights: Mario the tenor.
—Or like Mario, Mr Bloom said.
—Yes, Red Murray agreed. But Mario was said to be
the picture of Our Saviour.
Jesusmario with rougy cheeks, doublet and spindle legs.
Hand on his heart. In Martha.
Co-ome thou lost one,
Co-ome thou dear one!
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—His grace phoned down twice this morning, Red
Murray said gravely.
They watched the knees, legs, boots vanish. Neck.
A telegram boy stepped in nimbly, threw an envelope
on the counter and stepped off posthaste with a word:
Mr Bloom said slowly:
—Well, he is one of our saviours also.
A meek smile accompanied him as he lifted the
counterflap, as he passed in through a sidedoor and along
the warm dark stairs and passage, along the now
reverberating boards. But will he save the circulation?
Thumping. Thumping.
He pushed in the glass swingdoor and entered, stepping
over strewn packing paper. Through a lane of clanking
drums he made his way towards Nannetti’s reading closet.
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Hynes here too: account of the funeral probably.
Thumping. Thump. This morning the remains of the late
Mr Patrick Dignam. Machines. Smash a man to atoms if
they got him caught. Rule the world today. His
machineries are pegging away too. Like these, got out of
hand: fermenting. Working away, tearing away. And that
old grey rat tearing to get in.
Mr Bloom halted behind the foreman’s spare body,
admiring a glossy crown.
Strange he never saw his real country. Ireland my
country. Member for College green. He boomed that
workaday worker tack for all it was worth. It’s the ads and
side features sell a weekly, not the stale news in the official
gazette. Queen Anne is dead. Published by authority in
the year one thousand and. Demesne situate in the
townland of Rosenallis, barony of Tinnahinch. To all
whom it may concern schedule pursuant to statute
showing return of number of mules and jennets exported
from Ballina. Nature notes. Cartoons. Phil Blake’s weekly
Pat and Bull story. Uncle Toby’s page for tiny tots.
Country bumpkin’s queries. Dear Mr Editor, what is a
212 of 1305
good cure for flatulence? I’d like that part. Learn a lot
teaching others. The personal note. M. A. P. Mainly all
pictures. Shapely bathers on golden strand. World’s biggest
balloon. Double marriage of sisters celebrated. Two
bridegrooms laughing heartily at each other. Cuprani too,
printer. More Irish than the Irish.
The machines clanked in threefour time. Thump,
thump, thump. Now if he got paralysed there and no-one
knew how to stop them they’d clank on and on the same,
print it over and over and up and back. Monkeydoodle
the whole thing. Want a cool head.
—Well, get it into the evening edition, councillor,
Hynes said.
Soon be calling him my lord mayor. Long John is
backing him, they say.
The foreman, without answering, scribbled press on a
corner of the sheet and made a sign to a typesetter. He
handed the sheet silently over the dirty glass screen.
—Right: thanks, Hynes said moving off.
Mr Bloom stood in his way.
—If you want to draw the cashier is just going to
lunch, he said, pointing backward with his thumb.
—Did you? Hynes asked.
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—Mm, Mr Bloom said. Look sharp and you’ll catch
—Thanks, old man, Hynes said. I’ll tap him too.
He hurried on eagerly towards the Freeman’s Journal.
Three bob I lent him in Meagher’s. Three weeks.
Third hint.
Mr Bloom laid his cutting on Mr Nannetti’s desk.
—Excuse me, councillor, he said. This ad, you see.
Keyes, you remember?
Mr Nannetti considered the cutting awhile and
—He wants it in for July, Mr Bloom said.
The foreman moved his pencil towards it.
—But wait, Mr Bloom said. He wants it changed.
Keyes, you see. He wants two keys at the top.
Hell of a racket they make. He doesn’t hear it. Nannan.
Iron nerves. Maybe he understands what I.
The foreman turned round to hear patiently and, lifting
an elbow, began to scratch slowly in the armpit of his
alpaca jacket.
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—Like that, Mr Bloom said, crossing his forefingers at
the top.
Let him take that in first.
Mr Bloom, glancing sideways up from the cross he had
made, saw the foreman’s sallow face, think he has a touch
of jaundice, and beyond the obedient reels feeding in huge
webs of paper. Clank it. Clank it. Miles of it unreeled.
What becomes of it after? O, wrap up meat, parcels:
various uses, thousand and one things.
Slipping his words deftly into the pauses of the clanking
he drew swiftly on the scarred woodwork.
—Like that, see. Two crossed keys here. A circle. Then
here the name. Alexander Keyes, tea, wine and spirit
merchant. So on.
Better not teach him his own business.
—You know yourself, councillor, just what he wants.
Then round the top in leaded: the house of keys. You see?
Do you think that’s a good idea?
The foreman moved his scratching hand to his lower
ribs and scratched there quietly.
215 of 1305
—The idea, Mr Bloom said, is the house of keys. You
know, councillor, the Manx parliament. Innuendo of
home rule. Tourists, you know, from the isle of Man.
Catches the eye, you see. Can you do that?
I could ask him perhaps about how to pronounce that
voglio. But then if he didn’t know only make it awkward
for him. Better not.
—We can do that, the foreman said. Have you the
—I can get it, Mr Bloom said. It was in a Kilkenny
paper. He has a house there too. I’ll just run out and ask
him. Well, you can do that and just a little par calling
attention. You know the usual. Highclass licensed
premises. Longfelt want. So on.
The foreman thought for an instant.
—We can do that, he said. Let him give us a three
months’ renewal.
A typesetter brought him a limp galleypage. He began
to check it silently. Mr Bloom stood by, hearing the loud
throbs of cranks, watching the silent typesetters at their
216 of 1305
Want to be sure of his spelling. Proof fever. Martin
Cunningham forgot to give us his spellingbee conundrum
this morning. It is amusing to view the unpar one ar
alleled embarra two ars is it? double ess ment of a harassed
pedlar while gauging au the symmetry with a y of a peeled
pear under a cemetery wall. Silly, isn’t it? Cemetery put in
of course on account of the symmetry.
I should have said when he clapped on his topper.
Thank you. I ought to have said something about an old
hat or something. No. I could have said. Looks as good as
new now. See his phiz then.
Sllt. The nethermost deck of the first machine jogged
forward its flyboard with sllt the first batch of quirefolded
papers. Sllt. Almost human the way it sllt to call attention.
Doing its level best to speak. That door too sllt creaking,
asking to be shut. Everything speaks in its own way. Sllt.
The foreman handed back the galleypage suddenly,
—Wait. Where’s the archbishop’s letter? It’s to be
repeated in the Telegraph. Where’s what’s his name?
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He looked about him round his loud unanswering
—Monks, sir? a voice asked from the castingbox.
—Ay. Where’s Monks?
Mr Bloom took up his cutting. Time to get out.
—Then I’ll get the design, Mr Nannetti, he said, and
you’ll give it a good place I know.
—Yes, sir.
Three months’ renewal. Want to get some wind off my
chest first. Try it anyhow. Rub in August: good idea:
horseshow month. Ballsbridge. Tourists over for the show.
He walked on through the caseroom passing an old
man, bowed, spectacled, aproned. Old Monks, the
dayfather. Queer lot of stuff he must have put through his
hands in his time: obituary notices, pubs’ ads, speeches,
divorce suits, found drowned. Nearing the end of his
tether now. Sober serious man with a bit in the
savingsbank I’d say. Wife a good cook and washer.
218 of 1305
Daughter working the machine in the parlour. Plain Jane,
no damn nonsense.
He stayed in his walk to watch a typesetter neatly
distributing type. Reads it backwards first. Quickly he
does it. Must require some practice that. mangiD kcirtaP.
Poor papa with his hagadah book, reading backwards with
his finger to me. Pessach. Next year in Jerusalem. Dear, O
dear! All that long business about that brought us out of
the land of Egypt and into the house of bondage Alleluia.
Shema Israel Adonai Elohenu. No, that’s the other. Then the
twelve brothers, Jacob’s sons. And then the lamb and the
cat and the dog and the stick and the water and the
butcher. And then the angel of death kills the butcher and
he kills the ox and the dog kills the cat. Sounds a bit silly
till you come to look into it well. Justice it means but it’s
everybody eating everyone else. That’s what life is after all.
How quickly he does that job. Practice makes perfect.
Seems to see with his fingers.
Mr Bloom passed on out of the clanking noises through
the gallery on to the landing. Now am I going to tram it
out all the way and then catch him out perhaps. Better
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phone him up first. Number? Yes. Same as Citron’s house.
Twentyeight. Twentyeight double four.
He went down the house staircase. Who the deuce
scrawled all over those walls with matches? Looks as if
they did it for a bet. Heavy greasy smell there always is in
those works. Lukewarm glue in Thom’s next door when I
was there.
He took out his handkerchief to dab his nose.
Citronlemon? Ah, the soap I put there. Lose it out of that
pocket. Putting back his handkerchief he took out the
soap and stowed it away, buttoned, into the hip pocket of
his trousers.
What perfume does your wife use? I could go home
still: tram: something I forgot. Just to see: before: dressing.
No. Here. No.
A sudden screech of laughter came from the Evening
Telegraph office. Know who that is. What’s up? Pop in a
minute to phone. Ned Lambert it is.
He entered softly.
220 of 1305
—The ghost walks, professor MacHugh murmured
softly, biscuitfully to the dusty windowpane.
Mr Dedalus, staring from the empty fireplace at Ned
Lambert’s quizzing face, asked of it sourly:
—Agonising Christ, wouldn’t it give you a heartburn
on your arse?
Ned Lambert, seated on the table, read on:
Or again, note the meanderings of some purling rill as it
babbles on its way, tho’ quarrelling with the stony obstacles, to
the tumbling waters of Neptune’s blue domain, ‘mid mossy
banks, fanned by gentlest zephyrs, played on by the glorious
sunlight or ‘neath the shadows cast o’er its pensive bosom by the
overarching leafage of the giants of the forest. What about that,
Simon? he asked over the fringe of his newspaper. How’s
that for high?
—Changing his drink, Mr Dedalus said.
Ned Lambert, laughing, struck the newspaper on his
knees, repeating:
The pensive bosom and the overarsing leafage. O boys! O
—And Xenophon looked upon Marathon, Mr Dedalus
said, looking again on the fireplace and to the window,
and Marathon looked on the sea.
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—That will do, professor MacHugh cried from the
window. I don’t want to hear any more of the stuff.
He ate off the crescent of water biscuit he had been
nibbling and, hungered, made ready to nibble the biscuit
in his other hand.
High falutin stuff. Bladderbags. Ned Lambert is taking a
day off I see. Rather upsets a man’s day, a funeral does. He
has influence they say. Old Chatterton, the vicechancellor,
is his granduncle or his greatgranduncle. Close on ninety
they say. Subleader for his death written this long time
perhaps. Living to spite them. Might go first himself.
Johnny, make room for your uncle. The right honourable
Hedges Eyre Chatterton. Daresay he writes him an odd
shaky cheque or two on gale days. Windfall when he kicks
out. Alleluia.
—Just another spasm, Ned Lambert said.
—What is it? Mr Bloom asked.
—A recently discovered fragment of Cicero, professor
MacHugh answered with pomp of tone. Our lovely land.
—Whose land? Mr Bloom said simply.
222 of 1305
—Most pertinent question, the professor said between
his chews. With an accent on the whose.
—Dan Dawson’s land Mr Dedalus said.
—Is it his speech last night? Mr Bloom asked.
Ned Lambert nodded.
—But listen to this, he said.
The doorknob hit Mr Bloom in the small of the back
as the door was pushed in.
—Excuse me, J. J. O’Molloy said, entering.
Mr Bloom moved nimbly aside.
—I beg yours, he said.
—Good day, Jack.
—Come in. Come in.
—Good day.
—How are you, Dedalus?
—Well. And yourself?
J. J. O’Molloy shook his head.
Cleverest fellow at the junior bar he used to be.
Decline, poor chap. That hectic flush spells finis for a man.
Touch and go with him. What’s in the wind, I wonder.
Money worry.
223 of 1305
Or again if we but climb the serried mountain peaks.
—You’re looking extra.
—Is the editor to be seen? J. J. O’Molloy asked,
looking towards the inner door.
—Very much so, professor MacHugh said. To be seen
and heard. He’s in his sanctum with Lenehan.
J. J. O’Molloy strolled to the sloping desk and began to
turn back the pink pages of the file.
Practice dwindling. A mighthavebeen. Losing heart.
Gambling. Debts of honour. Reaping the whirlwind.
Used to get good retainers from D. and T. Fitzgerald.
Their wigs to show the grey matter. Brains on their sleeve
like the statue in Glasnevin. Believe he does some literary
work for the Express with Gabriel Conroy. Wellread
fellow. Myles Crawford began on the Independent. Funny
the way those newspaper men veer about when they get
wind of a new opening. Weathercocks. Hot and cold in
the same breath. Wouldn’t know which to believe. One
story good till you hear the next. Go for one another
baldheaded in the papers and then all blows over. Hail
fellow well met the next moment.
—Ah, listen to this for God’ sake, Ned Lambert
pleaded. Or again if we but climb the serried mountain peaks ...
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—Bombast! the professor broke in testily. Enough of
the inflated windbag!
Peaks, Ned Lambert went on, towering high on high, to
bathe our souls, as it were ...
—Bathe his lips, Mr Dedalus said. Blessed and eternal
God! Yes? Is he taking anything for it?
—As ‘twere, in the peerless panorama of Ireland’s portfolio,
unmatched, despite their wellpraised prototypes in other vaunted
prize regions, for very beauty, of bosky grove and undulating
plain and luscious pastureland of vernal green, steeped in the
transcendent translucent glow of our mild mysterious Irish twilight
—The moon, professor MacHugh said. He forgot
—That mantles the vista far and wide and wait till the
glowing orb of the moon shine forth to irradiate her silver
effulgence ...
—O! Mr Dedalus cried, giving vent to a hopeless
groan. Shite and onions! That’ll do, Ned. Life is too short.
225 of 1305
He took off his silk hat and, blowing out impatiently
his bushy moustache, welshcombed his hair with raking
Ned Lambert tossed the newspaper aside, chuckling
with delight. An instant after a hoarse bark of laughter
burst over professor MacHugh’s unshaven blackspectacled
—Doughy Daw! he cried.
All very fine to jeer at it now in cold print but it goes
down like hot cake that stuff. He was in the bakery line
too, wasn’t he? Why they call him Doughy Daw.
Feathered his nest well anyhow. Daughter engaged to that
chap in the inland revenue office with the motor. Hooked
that nicely. Entertainments. Open house. Big blowout.
Wetherup always said that. Get a grip of them by the
The inner door was opened violently and a scarlet
beaked face, crested by a comb of feathery hair, thrust
itself in. The bold blue eyes stared about them and the
harsh voice asked:
—What is it?
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—And here comes the sham squire himself! professor
MacHugh said grandly.
—Getonouthat, you bloody old pedagogue! the editor
said in recognition.
—Come, Ned, Mr Dedalus said, putting on his hat. I
must get a drink after that.
—Drink! the editor cried. No drinks served before
—Quite right too, Mr Dedalus said, going out. Come
on, Ned.
Ned Lambert sidled down from the table. The editor’s
blue eyes roved towards Mr Bloom’s face, shadowed by a
—Will you join us, Myles? Ned Lambert asked.
—North Cork militia! the editor cried, striding to the
mantelpiece. We won every time! North Cork and
Spanish officers!
—Where was that, Myles? Ned Lambert asked with a
reflective glance at his toecaps.
—In Ohio! the editor shouted.
—So it was, begad, Ned Lambert agreed.
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Passing out he whispered to J. J. O’Molloy:
—Incipient jigs. Sad case.
—Ohio! the editor crowed in high treble from his
uplifted scarlet face. My Ohio!
—A perfect cretic! the professor said. Long, short and
He took a reel of dental floss from his waistcoat pocket
and, breaking off a piece, twanged it smartly between two
and two of his resonant unwashed teeth.
—Bingbang, bangbang.
Mr Bloom, seeing the coast clear, made for the inner
—Just a moment, Mr Crawford, he said. I just want to
phone about an ad.
He went in.
—What about that leader this evening? professor
MacHugh asked, coming to the editor and laying a firm
hand on his shoulder.
—That’ll be all right, Myles Crawford said more
calmly. Never you fret. Hello, Jack. That’s all right.
228 of 1305
—Good day, Myles, J. J. O’Molloy said, letting the
pages he held slip limply back on the file. Is that Canada
swindle case on today?
The telephone whirred inside.
—Twentyeight ... No, twenty ... Double four ... Yes.
Lenehan came out of the inner office with SPORT’S
—Who wants a dead cert for the Gold cup? he asked.
Sceptre with O. Madden up.
He tossed the tissues on to the table.
Screams of newsboys barefoot in the hall rushed near
and the door was flung open.
—Hush, Lenehan said. I hear feetstoops.
Professor MacHugh strode across the room and seized
the cringing urchin by the collar as the others scampered
out of the hall and down the steps. The tissues rustled up
in the draught, floated softly in the air blue scrawls and
under the table came to earth.
—It wasn’t me, sir. It was the big fellow shoved me,
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—Throw him out and shut the door, the editor said.
There’s a hurricane blowing.
Lenehan began to paw the tissues up from the floor,
grunting as he stooped twice.
—Waiting for the racing special, sir, the newsboy said.
It was Pat Farrell shoved me, sir.
He pointed to two faces peering in round the
—Him, sir.
—Out of this with you, professor MacHugh said
He hustled the boy out and banged the door to.
J. J. O’Molloy turned the files crackingly over,
murmuring, seeking:
—Continued on page six, column four.
—Yes, Evening Telegraph here, Mr Bloom phoned from
the inner office. Is the boss ...? Yes, Telegraph ... To
where? Aha! Which auction rooms ?... Aha! I see ...
Right. I’ll catch him.
230 of 1305
The bell whirred again as he rang off. He came in
quickly and bumped against Lenehan who was struggling
up with the second tissue.
Pardon, monsieur, Lenehan said, clutching him for an
instant and making a grimace.
—My fault, Mr Bloom said, suffering his grip. Are you
hurt? I’m in a hurry.
—Knee, Lenehan said.
He made a comic face and whined, rubbing his knee:
—The accumulation of the anno Domini.
—Sorry, Mr Bloom said.
He went to the door and, holding it ajar, paused. J. J.
O’Molloy slapped the heavy pages over. The noise of two
shrill voices, a mouthorgan, echoed in the bare hallway
from the newsboys squatted on the doorsteps:
—We are the boys of Wexford
Who fought with heart and hand.
—I’m just running round to Bachelor’s walk, Mr
Bloom said, about this ad of Keyes’s. Want to fix it up.
They tell me he’s round there in Dillon’s.
231 of 1305
He looked indecisively for a moment at their faces. The
editor who, leaning against the mantelshelf, had propped
his head on his hand, suddenly stretched forth an arm
—Begone! he said. The world is before you.
—Back in no time, Mr Bloom said, hurrying out.
J. J. O’Molloy took the tissues from Lenehan’s hand
and read them, blowing them apart gently, without
—He’ll get that advertisement, the professor said,
staring through his blackrimmed spectacles over the
crossblind. Look at the young scamps after him.
—Show. Where? Lenehan cried, running to the
Both smiled over the crossblind at the file of capering
newsboys in Mr Bloom’s wake, the last zigzagging white
on the breeze a mocking kite, a tail of white bowknots.
—Look at the young guttersnipe behind him hue and
cry, Lenehan said, and you’ll kick. O, my rib risible!
Taking off his flat spaugs and the walk. Small nines. Steal
upon larks.
232 of 1305
He began to mazurka in swift caricature across the floor
on sliding feet past the fireplace to J. J. O’Molloy who
placed the tissues in his receiving hands.
—What’s that? Myles Crawford said with a start.
Where are the other two gone?
—Who? the professor said, turning. They’re gone
round to the Oval for a drink. Paddy Hooper is there with
Jack Hall. Came over last night.
—Come on then, Myles Crawford said. Where’s my
He walked jerkily into the office behind, parting the
vent of his jacket, jingling his keys in his back pocket.
They jingled then in the air and against the wood as he
locked his desk drawer.
—He’s pretty well on, professor MacHugh said in a
low voice.
—Seems to be, J. J. O’Molloy said, taking out a
cigarettecase in murmuring meditation, but it is not always
as it seems. Who has the most matches?
He offered a cigarette to the professor and took one
himself. Lenehan promptly struck a match for them and lit
233 of 1305
their cigarettes in turn. J. J. O’Molloy opened his case
again and offered it.
Thanky vous, Lenehan said, helping himself.
The editor came from the inner office, a straw hat awry
on his brow. He declaimed in song, pointing sternly at
professor MacHugh:
—’Twas rank and fame that tempted thee,
‘Twas empire charmed thy heart.
The professor grinned, locking his long lips.
—Eh? You bloody old Roman empire? Myles
Crawford said.
He took a cigarette from the open case. Lenehan,
lighting it for him with quick grace, said:
—Silence for my brandnew riddle!
Imperium romanum, J. J. O’Molloy said gently. It
sounds nobler than British or Brixton. The word reminds
one somehow of fat in the fire.
Myles Crawford blew his first puff violently towards
the ceiling.
—That’s it, he said. We are the fat. You and I are the
fat in the fire. We haven’t got the chance of a snowball in
234 of 1305
—Wait a moment, professor MacHugh said, raising
two quiet claws. We mustn’t be led away by words, by
sounds of words. We think of Rome, imperial, imperious,
He extended elocutionary arms from frayed stained
shirtcuffs, pausing:
—What was their civilisation? Vast, I allow: but vile.
Cloacae: sewers. The Jews in the wilderness and on the
mountaintop said: It is meet to be here. Let us build an altar to
Jehovah. The Roman, like the Englishman who follows in
his footsteps, brought to every new shore on which he set
his foot (on our shore he never set it) only his cloacal
obsession. He gazed about him in his toga and he said: It is
meet to be here. Let us construct a watercloset.
—Which they accordingly did do, Lenehan said. Our
old ancient ancestors, as we read in the first chapter of
Guinness’s, were partial to the running stream.
—They were nature’s gentlemen, J. J. O’Molloy
murmured. But we have also Roman law.
—And Pontius Pilate is its prophet, professor MacHugh
—Do you know that story about chief baron Palles? J.
J. O’Molloy asked. It was at the royal university dinner.
Everything was going swimmingly ...
235 of 1305
—First my riddle, Lenehan said. Are you ready?
Mr O’Madden Burke, tall in copious grey of Donegal
tweed, came in from the hallway. Stephen Dedalus,
behind him, uncovered as he entered.
Entrez, mes enfants! Lenehan cried.
—I escort a suppliant, Mr O’Madden Burke said
melodiously. Youth led by Experience visits Notoriety.
—How do you do? the editor said, holding out a hand.
Come in. Your governor is just gone.
? ? ?
Lenehan said to all:
—Silence! What opera resembles a railwayline? Reflect,
ponder, excogitate, reply.
Stephen handed over the typed sheets, pointing to the
title and signature.
—Who? the editor asked.
Bit torn off.
—Mr Garrett Deasy, Stephen said.
—That old pelters, the editor said. Who tore it? Was
he short taken?
On swift sail flaming
From storm and south
236 of 1305
He comes, pale vampire,
Mouth to my mouth.
—Good day, Stephen, the professor said, coming to
peer over their shoulders. Foot and mouth? Are you
turned ...?
Bullockbefriending bard.
—Good day, sir, Stephen answered blushing. The letter
is not mine. Mr Garrett Deasy asked me to ...
—O, I know him, Myles Crawford said, and I knew
his wife too. The bloodiest old tartar God ever made. By
Jesus, she had the foot and mouth disease and no mistake!
The night she threw the soup in the waiter’s face in the
Star and Garter. Oho!
A woman brought sin into the world. For Helen, the
runaway wife of Menelaus, ten years the Greeks.
O’Rourke, prince of Breffni.
—Is he a widower? Stephen asked.
—Ay, a grass one, Myles Crawford said, his eye
running down the typescript. Emperor’s horses. Habsburg.
An Irishman saved his life on the ramparts of Vienna.
Don’t you forget! Maximilian Karl O’Donnell, graf von
237 of 1305
Tirconnell in Ireland. Sent his heir over to make the king
an Austrian fieldmarshal now. Going to be trouble there
one day. Wild geese. O yes, every time. Don’t you forget
—The moot point is did he forget it, J. J. O’Molloy
said quietly, turning a horseshoe paperweight. Saving
princes is a thank you job.
Professor MacHugh turned on him.
—And if not? he said.
—I’ll tell you how it was, Myles Crawford began. A
Hungarian it was one day ...
—We were always loyal to lost causes, the professor
said. Success for us is the death of the intellect and of the
imagination. We were never loyal to the successful. We
serve them. I teach the blatant Latin language. I speak the
tongue of a race the acme of whose mentality is the
maxim: time is money. Material domination. Dominus!
Lord! Where is the spirituality? Lord Jesus? Lord Salisbury?
A sofa in a westend club. But the Greek!
238 of 1305
A smile of light brightened his darkrimmed eyes,
lengthened his long lips.
—The Greek! he said again. Kyrios! Shining word! The
vowels the Semite and the Saxon know not. Kyrie! The
radiance of the intellect. I ought to profess Greek, the
language of the mind. Kyrie eleison! The closetmaker and
the cloacamaker will never be lords of our spirit. We are
liege subjects of the catholic chivalry of Europe that
foundered at Trafalgar and of the empire of the spirit, not
an imperium, that went under with the Athenian fleets at
Aegospotami. Yes, yes. They went under. Pyrrhus, misled
by an oracle, made a last attempt to retrieve the fortunes of
Greece. Loyal to a lost cause.
He strode away from them towards the window.
—They went forth to battle, Mr O’Madden Burke said
greyly, but they always fell.
—Boohoo! Lenehan wept with a little noise. Owing to
a brick received in the latter half of the matinée. Poor,
poor, poor Pyrrhus!
He whispered then near Stephen’s ear:
239 of 1305
There’s a ponderous pundit MacHugh
Who wears goggles of ebony hue.
As he mostly sees double
To wear them why trouble?
I can’t see the Joe Miller. Can you?
In mourning for Sallust, Mulligan says. Whose mother
is beastly dead.
Myles Crawford crammed the sheets into a sidepocket.
—That’ll be all right, he said. I’ll read the rest after.
That’ll be all right.
Lenehan extended his hands in protest.
—But my riddle! he said. What opera is like a
—Opera? Mr O’Madden Burke’s sphinx face reriddled.
Lenehan announced gladly:
The Rose of Castile. See the wheeze? Rows of cast
steel. Gee!
He poked Mr O’Madden Burke mildly in the spleen.
Mr O’Madden Burke fell back with grace on his umbrella,
feigning a gasp.
—Help! he sighed. I feel a strong weakness.
Lenehan, rising to tiptoe, fanned his face rapidly with
the rustling tissues.
240 of 1305
The professor, returning by way of the files, swept his
hand across Stephen’s and Mr O’Madden Burke’s loose
—Paris, past and present, he said. You look like
—Like fellows who had blown up the Bastile, J. J.
O’Molloy said in quiet mockery. Or was it you shot the
lord lieutenant of Finland between you? You look as
though you had done the deed. General Bobrikoff.
—We were only thinking about it, Stephen said.
—All the talents, Myles Crawford said. Law, the classics
—The turf, Lenehan put in.
—Literature, the press.
—If Bloom were here, the professor said. The gentle
art of advertisement.
—And Madam Bloom, Mr O’Madden Burke added.
The vocal muse. Dublin’s prime favourite.
Lenehan gave a loud cough.
—Ahem! he said very softly. O, for a fresh of breath
air! I caught a cold in the park. The gate was open.
241 of 1305
The editor laid a nervous hand on Stephen’s shoulder.
—I want you to write something for me, he said.
Something with a bite in it. You can do it. I see it in your
face. In the lexicon of youth ...
See it in your face. See it in your eye. Lazy idle little
—Foot and mouth disease! the editor cried in scornful
invective. Great nationalist meeting in Borris-in-Ossory.
All balls! Bulldosing the public! Give them something with
a bite in it. Put us all into it, damn its soul. Father, Son
and Holy Ghost and Jakes M’Carthy.
—We can all supply mental pabulum, Mr O’Madden
Burke said.
Stephen raised his eyes to the bold unheeding stare.
—He wants you for the pressgang, J. J. O’Molloy said.
—You can do it, Myles Crawford repeated, clenching
his hand in emphasis. Wait a minute. We’ll paralyse
Europe as Ignatius Gallaher used to say when he was on
the shaughraun, doing billiardmarking in the Clarence.
242 of 1305
Gallaher, that was a pressman for you. That was a pen.
You know how he made his mark? I’ll tell you. That was
the smartest piece of journalism ever known. That was in
eightyone, sixth of May, time of the invincibles, murder in
the Phoenix park, before you were born, I suppose. I’ll
show you.
He pushed past them to the files.
—Look at here, he said turning. The New York World
cabled for a special. Remember that time?
Professor MacHugh nodded.
New York World, the editor said, excitedly pushing
back his straw hat. Where it took place. Tim Kelly, or
Kavanagh I mean. Joe Brady and the rest of them. Where
Skin-the-Goat drove the car. Whole route, see?
—Skin-the-Goat, Mr O’Madden Burke said. Fitzharris.
He has that cabman’s shelter, they say, down there at Butt
bridge. Holohan told me. You know Holohan?
—Hop and carry one, is it? Myles Crawford said.
—And poor Gumley is down there too, so he told me,
minding stones for the corporation. A night watchman.
Stephen turned in surprise.
—Gumley? he said. You don’t say so? A friend of my
father’s, is it?
243 of 1305
—Never mind Gumley, Myles Crawford cried angrily.
Let Gumley mind the stones, see they don’t run away.
Look at here. What did Ignatius Gallaher do? I’ll tell you.
Inspiration of genius. Cabled right away. Have you Weekly
Freeman of 17 March? Right. Have you got that?
He flung back pages of the files and stuck his finger on
a point.
—Take page four, advertisement for Bransome’s coffee,
let us say. Have you got that? Right.
The telephone whirred.
—I’ll answer it, the professor said, going.
—B is parkgate. Good.
His finger leaped and struck point after point, vibrating.
—T is viceregal lodge. C is where murder took place.
K is Knockmaroon gate.
The loose flesh of his neck shook like a cock’s wattles.
An illstarched dicky jutted up and with a rude gesture he
thrust it back into his waistcoat.
—Hello? Evening Telegraph here ... Hello?... Who’s
there? ... Yes ... Yes ... Yes.
244 of 1305
—F to P is the route Skin-the-Goat drove the car for
an alibi, Inchicore, Roundtown, Windy Arbour,
Palmerston Park, Ranelagh. F.A.B.P. Got that? X is
Davy’s publichouse in upper Leeson street.
The professor came to the inner door.
—Bloom is at the telephone, he said.
—Tell him go to hell, the editor said promptly. X is
Davy’s publichouse, see?
—Clever, Lenehan said. Very.
—Gave it to them on a hot plate, Myles Crawford said,
the whole bloody history.
Nightmare from which you will never awake.
—I saw it, the editor said proudly. I was present. Dick
Adams, the besthearted bloody Corkman the Lord ever
put the breath of life in, and myself.
Lenehan bowed to a shape of air, announcing:
—Madam, I’m Adam. And Able was I ere I saw Elba.
—History! Myles Crawford cried. The Old Woman of
Prince’s street was there first. There was weeping and
gnashing of teeth over that. Out of an advertisement.
Gregor Grey made the design for it. That gave him the leg
245 of 1305
up. Then Paddy Hooper worked Tay Pay who took him
on to the Star. Now he’s got in with Blumenfeld. That’s
press. That’s talent. Pyatt! He was all their daddies!
—The father of scare journalism, Lenehan confirmed,
and the brother-in-law of Chris Callinan.
—Hello? ... Are you there? ... Yes, he’s here still.
Come across yourself.
—Where do you find a pressman like that now, eh? the
editor cried. He flung the pages down.
—Clamn dever, Lenehan said to Mr O’Madden Burke.
—Very smart, Mr O’Madden Burke said.
Professor MacHugh came from the inner office.
—Talking about the invincibles, he said, did you see
that some hawkers were up before the recorder
—O yes, J. J. O’Molloy said eagerly. Lady Dudley was
walking home through the park to see all the trees that
were blown down by that cyclone last year and thought
she’d buy a view of Dublin. And it turned out to be a
commemoration postcard of Joe Brady or Number One or
Skin-the-Goat. Right outside the viceregal lodge,
—They’re only in the hook and eye department, Myles
Crawford said. Psha! Press and the bar! Where have you a
man now at the bar like those fellows, like Whiteside, like
246 of 1305
Isaac Butt, like silvertongued O’Hagan. Eh? Ah, bloody
nonsense. Psha! Only in the halfpenny place.
His mouth continued to twitch unspeaking in nervous
curls of disdain.
Would anyone wish that mouth for her kiss? How do
you know? Why did you write it then?
Mouth, south. Is the mouth south someway? Or the
south a mouth? Must be some. South, pout, out, shout,
drouth. Rhymes: two men dressed the same, looking the
same, two by two.
… … … … … … … … la tua pace
… … … … … … che parlar ti piace
…. mentreché il vento, come fa, si tace.
He saw them three by three, approaching girls, in
green, in rose, in russet, entwining, per l’aer perso, in
mauve, in purple, quella pacifica oriafiamma, gold of
oriflamme, di rimirar fe piu ardenti. But I old men, penitent,
leadenfooted, underdarkneath the night: mouth south:
tomb womb.
—Speak up for yourself, Mr O’Madden Burke said.
247 of 1305
J. J. O’Molloy, smiling palely, took up the gage.
—My dear Myles, he said, flinging his cigarette aside,
you put a false construction on my words. I hold no brief,
as at present advised, for the third profession qua
profession but your Cork legs are running away with you.
Why not bring in Henry Grattan and Flood and
Demosthenes and Edmund Burke? Ignatius Gallaher we all
know and his Chapelizod boss, Harmsworth of the
farthing press, and his American cousin of the Bowery
guttersheet not to mention Paddy Kelly’s Budget, Pue’s
Occurrences and our watchful friend The Skibbereen Eagle.
Why bring in a master of forensic eloquence like
Whiteside? Sufficient for the day is the newspaper thereof.
—Grattan and Flood wrote for this very paper, the
editor cried in his face. Irish volunteers. Where are you
now? Established 1763. Dr Lucas. Who have you now like
John Philpot Curran? Psha!
—Well, J. J. O’Molloy said, Bushe K.C., for example.
248 of 1305
—Bushe? the editor said. Well, yes: Bushe, yes. He has
a strain of it in his blood. Kendal Bushe or I mean
Seymour Bushe.
—He would have been on the bench long ago, the
professor said, only for ... But no matter.
J. J. O’Molloy turned to Stephen and said quietly and
—One of the most polished periods I think I ever
listened to in my life fell from the lips of Seymour Bushe.
It was in that case of fratricide, the Childs murder case.
Bushe defended him.
And in the porches of mine ear did pour.
By the way how did he find that out? He died in his
sleep. Or the other story, beast with two backs?
—What was that? the professor asked.
—He spoke on the law of evidence, J. J. O’Molloy
said, of Roman justice as contrasted with the earlier
Mosaic code, the lex talionis. And he cited the Moses of
Michelangelo in the vatican.
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—A few wellchosen words, Lenehan prefaced. Silence!
Pause. J. J. O’Molloy took out his cigarettecase.
False lull. Something quite ordinary.
Messenger took out his matchbox thoughtfully and lit
his cigar.
I have often thought since on looking back over that
strange time that it was that small act, trivial in itself, that
striking of that match, that determined the whole
aftercourse of both our lives.
J. J. O’Molloy resumed, moulding his words:
—He said of it: that stony effigy in frozen music, horned
and terrible, of the human form divine, that eternal symbol of
wisdom and of prophecy which, if aught that the imagination or
the hand of sculptor has wrought in marble of soultransfigured and
of soultransfiguring deserves to live, deserves to live.
His slim hand with a wave graced echo and fall.
—Fine! Myles Crawford said at once.
—The divine afflatus, Mr O’Madden Burke said.
—You like it? J. J. O’Molloy asked Stephen.
Stephen, his blood wooed by grace of language and
gesture, blushed. He took a cigarette from the case. J. J.
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O’Molloy offered his case to Myles Crawford. Lenehan lit
their cigarettes as before and took his trophy, saying:
—Muchibus thankibus.
—Professor Magennis was speaking to me about you, J.
J. O’Molloy said to Stephen. What do you think really of
that hermetic crowd, the opal hush poets: A. E. the
mastermystic? That Blavatsky woman started it. She was a
nice old bag of tricks. A. E. has been telling some yankee
interviewer that you came to him in the small hours of the
morning to ask him about planes of consciousness.
Magennis thinks you must have been pulling A. E.’s leg.
He is a man of the very highest morale, Magennis.
Speaking about me. What did he say? What did he say?
What did he say about me? Don’t ask.
—No, thanks, professor MacHugh said, waving the
cigarettecase aside. Wait a moment. Let me say one thing.
The finest display of oratory I ever heard was a speech
made by John F Taylor at the college historical society. Mr
Justice Fitzgibbon, the present lord justice of appeal, had
spoken and the paper under debate was an essay (new for
those days), advocating the revival of the Irish tongue.
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He turned towards Myles Crawford and said:
—You know Gerald Fitzgibbon. Then you can
imagine the style of his discourse.
—He is sitting with Tim Healy, J. J. O’Molloy said,
rumour has it, on the Trinity college estates commission.
—He is sitting with a sweet thing, Myles Crawford
said, in a child’s frock. Go on. Well?
—It was the speech, mark you, the professor said, of a
finished orator, full of courteous haughtiness and pouring
in chastened diction I will not say the vials of his wrath
but pouring the proud man’s contumely upon the new
movement. It was then a new movement. We were weak,
therefore worthless.
He closed his long thin lips an instant but, eager to be
on, raised an outspanned hand to his spectacles and, with
trembling thumb and ringfinger touching lightly the black
rims, steadied them to a new focus.
In ferial tone he addressed J. J. O’Molloy:
—Taylor had come there, you must know, from a
sickbed. That he had prepared his speech I do not believe
for there was not even one shorthandwriter in the hall.
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His dark lean face had a growth of shaggy beard round it.
He wore a loose white silk neckcloth and altogether he
looked (though he was not) a dying man.
His gaze turned at once but slowly from J. J.
O’Molloy’s towards Stephen’s face and then bent at once
to the ground, seeking. His unglazed linen collar appeared
behind his bent head, soiled by his withering hair. Still
seeking, he said:
—When Fitzgibbon’s speech had ended John F Taylor
rose to reply. Briefly, as well as I can bring them to mind,
his words were these.
He raised his head firmly. His eyes bethought
themselves once more. Witless shellfish swam in the gross
lenses to and fro, seeking outlet.
He began:
—Mr Chairman, ladies and gentlemen: Great was my
admiration in listening to the remarks addressed to the youth of
Ireland a moment since by my learned friend. It seemed to me
that I had been transported into a country far away from this
country, into an age remote from this age, that I stood in ancient
Egypt and that I was listening to the speech of some highpriest of
that land addressed to the youthful Moses.
His listeners held their cigarettes poised to hear, their
smokes ascending in frail stalks that flowered with his
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speech. And let our crooked smokes. Noble words coming.
Look out. Could you try your hand at it yourself?
—And it seemed to me that I heard the voice of that Egyptian
highpriest raised in a tone of like haughtiness and like pride. I
heard his words and their meaning was revealed to me.
It was revealed to me that those things are good which
yet are corrupted which neither if they were supremely
good nor unless they were good could be corrupted. Ah,
curse you! That’s saint Augustine.
—Why will you jews not accept our culture, our religion and
our language? You are a tribe of nomad herdsmen: we are a
mighty people. You have no cities nor no wealth: our cities are
hives of humanity and our galleys, trireme and quadrireme, laden
with all manner merchandise furrow the waters of the known
globe. You have but emerged from primitive conditions: we have a
literature, a priesthood, an agelong history and a polity.
Child, man, effigy.
By the Nilebank the babemaries kneel, cradle of
bulrushes: a man supple in combat: stonehorned,
stonebearded, heart of stone.
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—You pray to a local and obscure idol: our temples, majestic
and mysterious, are the abodes of Isis and Osiris, of Horus and
Ammon Ra. Yours serfdom, awe and humbleness: ours thunder
and the seas. Israel is weak and few are her children: Egypt is an
host and terrible are her arms. Vagrants and daylabourers are you
called: the world trembles at our name.
A dumb belch of hunger cleft his speech. He lifted his
voice above it boldly:
—But, ladies and gentlemen, had the youthful Moses listened
to and accepted that view of life, had he bowed his head and
bowed his will and bowed his spirit before that arrogant
admonition he would never have brought the chosen people out of
their house of bondage, nor followed the pillar of the cloud by
day. He would never have spoken with the Eternal amid
lightnings on Sinai’s mountaintop nor ever have come down with
the light of inspiration shining in his countenance and bearing in
his arms the tables of the law, graven in the language of the
He ceased and looked at them, enjoying a silence.
J. J. O’Molloy said not without regret:
—And yet he died without having entered the land of
255 of 1305
—A sudden—at—the—moment—though—from—
lingering—illness— often—previously—expectorated—
demise, Lenehan added. And with a great future behind
The troop of bare feet was heard rushing along the
hallway and pattering up the staircase.
—That is oratory, the professor said uncontradicted.
Gone with the wind. Hosts at Mullaghmast and Tara of
the kings. Miles of ears of porches. The tribune’s words,
howled and scattered to the four winds. A people
sheltered within his voice. Dead noise. Akasic records of
all that ever anywhere wherever was. Love and laud him:
me no more.
I have money.
—Gentlemen, Stephen said. As the next motion on the
agenda paper may I suggest that the house do now
—You take my breath away. It is not perchance a
French compliment? Mr O’Madden Burke asked. ‘Tis the
hour, methinks, when the winejug, metaphorically
speaking, is most grateful in Ye ancient hostelry.
—That it be and hereby is resolutely resolved. All that
are in favour say ay, Lenehan announced. The contrary
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no. I declare it carried. To which particular boosing shed?
... My casting vote is: Mooney’s!
He led the way, admonishing:
—We will sternly refuse to partake of strong waters,
will we not? Yes, we will not. By no manner of means.
Mr O’Madden Burke, following close, said with an
ally’s lunge of his umbrella:
—Lay on, Macduff!
—Chip of the old block! the editor cried, clapping
Stephen on the shoulder. Let us go. Where are those
blasted keys?
He fumbled in his pocket pulling out the crushed
—Foot and mouth. I know. That’ll be all right. That’ll
go in. Where are they? That’s all right.
He thrust the sheets back and went into the inner
J. J. O’Molloy, about to follow him in, said quietly to
—I hope you will live to see it published. Myles, one
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He went into the inner office, closing the door behind
—Come along, Stephen, the professor said. That is
fine, isn’t it? It has the prophetic vision. Fuit Ilium! The
sack of windy Troy. Kingdoms of this world. The masters
of the Mediterranean are fellaheen today.
The first newsboy came pattering down the stairs at
their heels and rushed out into the street, yelling:
—Racing special!
Dublin. I have much, much to learn.
They turned to the left along Abbey street.
—I have a vision too, Stephen said.
—Yes? the professor said, skipping to get into step.
Crawford will follow.
Another newsboy shot past them, yelling as he ran:
—Racing special!
—Two Dublin vestals, Stephen said, elderly and pious,
have lived fifty and fiftythree years in Fumbally’s lane.
—Where is that? the professor asked.
—Off Blackpitts, Stephen said.
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Damp night reeking of hungry dough. Against the wall.
Face glistering tallow under her fustian shawl. Frantic
hearts. Akasic records. Quicker, darlint!
On now. Dare it. Let there be life.
—They want to see the views of Dublin from the top
of Nelson’s pillar. They save up three and tenpence in a
red tin letterbox moneybox. They shake out the
threepenny bits and sixpences and coax out the pennies
with the blade of a knife. Two and three in silver and one
and seven in coppers. They put on their bonnets and best
clothes and take their umbrellas for fear it may come on to
—Wise virgins, professor MacHugh said.
—They buy one and fourpenceworth of brawn and
four slices of panloaf at the north city diningrooms in
Marlborough street from Miss Kate Collins, proprietress ...
They purchase four and twenty ripe plums from a girl at
the foot of Nelson’s pillar to take off the thirst of the
brawn. They give two threepenny bits to the gentleman at
the turnstile and begin to waddle slowly up the winding
staircase, grunting, encouraging each other, afraid of the
259 of 1305
dark, panting, one asking the other have you the brawn,
praising God and the Blessed Virgin, threatening to come
down, peeping at the airslits. Glory be to God. They had
no idea it was that high.
Their names are Anne Kearns and Florence MacCabe.
Anne Kearns has the lumbago for which she rubs on
Lourdes water, given her by a lady who got a bottleful
from a passionist father. Florence MacCabe takes a
crubeen and a bottle of double X for supper every
—Antithesis, the professor said nodding twice. Vestal
virgins. I can see them. What’s keeping our friend?
He turned.
A bevy of scampering newsboys rushed down the steps,
scattering in all directions, yelling, their white papers
fluttering. Hard after them Myles Crawford appeared on
the steps, his hat aureoling his scarlet face, talking with J. J.
—Come along, the professor cried, waving his arm.
He set off again to walk by Stephen’s side.
—Yes, he said. I see them.
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Mr Bloom, breathless, caught in a whirl of wild
newsboys near the offices of the Irish Catholic and Dublin
Penny Journal, called:
—Mr Crawford! A moment!
Telegraph! Racing special!
—What is it? Myles Crawford said, falling back a pace.
A newsboy cried in Mr Bloom’s face:
—Terrible tragedy in Rathmines! A child bit by a
—Just this ad, Mr Bloom said, pushing through
towards the steps, puffing, and taking the cutting from his
pocket. I spoke with Mr Keyes just now. He’ll give a
renewal for two months, he says. After he’ll see. But he
wants a par to call attention in the Telegraph too, the
Saturday pink. And he wants it copied if it’s not too late I
told councillor Nannetti from the Kilkenny People. I can
have access to it in the national library. House of keys,
don’t you see? His name is Keyes. It’s a play on the name.
But he practically promised he’d give the renewal. But he
wants just a little puff. What will I tell him, Mr Crawford?
261 of 1305
—Will you tell him he can kiss my arse? Myles
Crawford said throwing out his arm for emphasis. Tell
him that straight from the stable.
A bit nervy. Look out for squalls. All off for a drink.
Arm in arm. Lenehan’s yachting cap on the cadge beyond.
Usual blarney. Wonder is that young Dedalus the moving
spirit. Has a good pair of boots on him today. Last time I
saw him he had his heels on view. Been walking in muck
somewhere. Careless chap. What was he doing in
—Well, Mr Bloom said, his eyes returning, if I can get
the design I suppose it’s worth a short par. He’d give the
ad, I think. I’ll tell him ...
—He can kiss my royal Irish arse, Myles Crawford
cried loudly over his shoulder. Any time he likes, tell him.
While Mr Bloom stood weighing the point and about
to smile he strode on jerkily.
Nulla bona, Jack, he said, raising his hand to his chin.
I’m up to here. I’ve been through the hoop myself. I was
262 of 1305
looking for a fellow to back a bill for me no later than last
week. Sorry, Jack. You must take the will for the deed.
With a heart and a half if I could raise the wind anyhow.
J. J. O’Molloy pulled a long face and walked on
silently. They caught up on the others and walked abreast.
—When they have eaten the brawn and the bread and
wiped their twenty fingers in the paper the bread was
wrapped in they go nearer to the railings.
—Something for you, the professor explained to Myles
Crawford. Two old Dublin women on the top of Nelson’s
—That’s new, Myles Crawford said. That’s copy. Out
for the waxies Dargle. Two old trickies, what?
—But they are afraid the pillar will fall, Stephen went
on. They see the roofs and argue about where the
different churches are: Rathmines’ blue dome, Adam and
Eve’s, saint Laurence O’Toole’s. But it makes them giddy
to look so they pull up their skirts ...
263 of 1305
—Easy all, Myles Crawford said. No poetic licence.
We’re in the archdiocese here.
—And settle down on their striped petticoats, peering
up at the statue of the onehandled adulterer.
—Onehandled adulterer! the professor cried. I like that.
I see the idea. I see what you mean.
—It gives them a crick in their necks, Stephen said, and
they are too tired to look up or down or to speak. They
put the bag of plums between them and eat the plums out
of it, one after another, wiping off with their
handkerchiefs the plumjuice that dribbles out of their
mouths and spitting the plumstones slowly out between
the railings.
He gave a sudden loud young laugh as a close. Lenehan
and Mr O’Madden Burke, hearing, turned, beckoned and
led on across towards Mooney’s.
—Finished? Myles Crawford said. So long as they do
no worse.
264 of 1305
—You remind me of Antisthenes, the professor said, a
disciple of Gorgias, the sophist. It is said of him that none
could tell if he were bitterer against others or against
himself. He was the son of a noble and a bondwoman.
And he wrote a book in which he took away the palm of
beauty from Argive Helen and handed it to poor
Poor Penelope. Penelope Rich.
They made ready to cross O’Connell street.
At various points along the eight lines tramcars with
motionless trolleys stood in their tracks, bound for or from
Rathmines, Rathfarnham, Blackrock, Kingstown and
Dalkey, Sandymount Green, Ringsend and Sandymount
Tower, Donnybrook, Palmerston Park and Upper
Rathmines, all still, becalmed in short circuit. Hackney
cars, cabs, delivery waggons, mailvans, private broughams,
265 of 1305
aerated mineral water floats with rattling crates of bottles,
rattled, rolled, horsedrawn, rapidly.
—But what do you call it? Myles Crawford asked.
Where did they get the plums?
—Call it, wait, the professor said, opening his long lips
wide to reflect. Call it, let me see. Call it: deus nobis haec
otia fecit.
—No, Stephen said. I call it A Pisgah Sight of Palestine or
the Parable of The Plums.
—I see, the professor said.
He laughed richly.
—I see, he said again with new pleasure. Moses and the
promised land. We gave him that idea, he added to J. J.
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J. J. O’Molloy sent a weary sidelong glance towards the
statue and held his peace.
—I see, the professor said.
He halted on sir John Gray’s pavement island and
peered aloft at Nelson through the meshes of his wry
—Onehandled adulterer, he said smiling grimly. That
tickles me, I must say.
—Tickled the old ones too, Myles Crawford said, if the
God Almighty’s truth was known.
* * * * *
Pineapple rock, lemon platt, butter scotch. A
sugarsticky girl shovelling scoopfuls of creams for a
christian brother. Some school treat. Bad for their
267 of 1305
tummies. Lozenge and comfit manufacturer to His Majesty
the King. God. Save. Our. Sitting on his throne sucking
red jujubes white.
A sombre Y.M.C.A. young man, watchful among the
warm sweet fumes of Graham Lemon’s, placed a
throwaway in a hand of Mr Bloom.
Heart to heart talks.
Bloo ... Me? No.
Blood of the Lamb.
His slow feet walked him riverward, reading. Are you
saved? All are washed in the blood of the lamb. God wants
blood victim. Birth, hymen, martyr, war, foundation of a
building, sacrifice, kidney burntoffering, druids’ altars.
Elijah is coming. Dr John Alexander Dowie restorer of the
church in Zion is coming.
Is coming! Is coming!! Is coming!!!
All heartily welcome.
Paying game. Torry and Alexander last year. Polygamy.
His wife will put the stopper on that. Where was that ad
some Birmingham firm the luminous crucifix. Our
Saviour. Wake up in the dead of night and see him on the
wall, hanging. Pepper’s ghost idea. Iron nails ran in.
Phosphorus it must be done with. If you leave a bit of
codfish for instance. I could see the bluey silver over it.
268 of 1305
Night I went down to the pantry in the kitchen. Don’t
like all the smells in it waiting to rush out. What was it she
wanted? The Malaga raisins. Thinking of Spain. Before
Rudy was born. The phosphorescence, that bluey greeny.
Very good for the brain.
From Butler’s monument house corner he glanced
along Bachelor’s walk. Dedalus’ daughter there still outside
Dillon’s auctionrooms. Must be selling off some old
furniture. Knew her eyes at once from the father. Lobbing
about waiting for him. Home always breaks up when the
mother goes. Fifteen children he had. Birth every year
almost. That’s in their theology or the priest won’t give
the poor woman the confession, the absolution. Increase
and multiply. Did you ever hear such an idea? Eat you out
of house and home. No families themselves to feed. Living
on the fat of the land. Their butteries and larders. I’d like
to see them do the black fast Yom Kippur. Crossbuns.
One meal and a collation for fear he’d collapse on the
altar. A housekeeper of one of those fellows if you could
pick it out of her. Never pick it out of her. Like getting
l.s.d. out of him. Does himself well. No guests. All for
number one. Watching his water. Bring your own bread
and butter. His reverence: mum’s the word.
269 of 1305
Good Lord, that poor child’s dress is in flitters.
Underfed she looks too. Potatoes and marge, marge and
potatoes. It’s after they feel it. Proof of the pudding.
Undermines the constitution.
As he set foot on O’Connell bridge a puffball of smoke
plumed up from the parapet. Brewery barge with export
stout. England. Sea air sours it, I heard. Be interesting
some day get a pass through Hancock to see the brewery.
Regular world in itself. Vats of porter wonderful. Rats get
in too. Drink themselves bloated as big as a collie floating.
Dead drunk on the porter. Drink till they puke again like
christians. Imagine drinking that! Rats: vats. Well, of
course, if we knew all the things.
Looking down he saw flapping strongly, wheeling
between the gaunt quaywalls, gulls. Rough weather
outside. If I threw myself down? Reuben J’s son must
have swallowed a good bellyful of that sewage. One and
eightpence too much. Hhhhm. It’s the droll way he comes
out with the things. Knows how to tell a story too.
They wheeled lower. Looking for grub. Wait.
He threw down among them a crumpled paper ball.
Elijah thirtytwo feet per sec is com. Not a bit. The ball
bobbed unheeded on the wake of swells, floated under by
the bridgepiers. Not such damn fools. Also the day I threw
270 of 1305
that stale cake out of the Erin’s King picked it up in the
wake fifty yards astern. Live by their wits. They wheeled,
The hungry famished gull
Flaps o’er the waters dull.
That is how poets write, the similar sounds. But then
Shakespeare has no rhymes: blank verse. The flow of the
language it is. The thoughts. Solemn.
Hamlet, I am thy father’s spirit
Doomed for a certain time to walk the earth.
—Two apples a penny! Two for a penny!
His gaze passed over the glazed apples serried on her
stand. Australians they must be this time of year. Shiny
peels: polishes them up with a rag or a handkerchief.
Wait. Those poor birds.
He halted again and bought from the old applewoman
two Banbury cakes for a penny and broke the brittle paste
and threw its fragments down into the Liffey. See that?
The gulls swooped silently, two, then all from their
heights, pouncing on prey. Gone. Every morsel.
Aware of their greed and cunning he shook the
powdery crumb from his hands. They never expected that.
Manna. Live on fish, fishy flesh they have, all seabirds,
gulls, seagoose. Swans from Anna Liffey swim down here
271 of 1305
sometimes to preen themselves. No accounting for tastes.
Wonder what kind is swanmeat. Robinson Crusoe had to
live on them.
They wheeled flapping weakly. I’m not going to throw
any more. Penny quite enough. Lot of thanks I get. Not
even a caw. They spread foot and mouth disease too. If
you cram a turkey say on chestnutmeal it tastes like that.
Eat pig like pig. But then why is it that saltwater fish are
not salty? How is that?
His eyes sought answer from the river and saw a
rowboat rock at anchor on the treacly swells lazily its
plastered board.
Kino’s 11/- Trousers
Good idea that. Wonder if he pays rent to the
corporation. How can you own water really? It’s always
flowing in a stream, never the same, which in the stream
of life we trace. Because life is a stream. All kinds of places
are good for ads. That quack doctor for the clap used to be
stuck up in all the greenhouses. Never see it now. Strictly
confidential. Dr Hy Franks. Didn’t cost him a red like
Maginni the dancing master self advertisement. Got
fellows to stick them up or stick them up himself for that
matter on the q. t. running in to loosen a button.
272 of 1305
Flybynight. Just the place too. POST NO BILLS. POST
110 PILLS. Some chap with a dose burning him.
If he ...?
No ... No.
No, no. I don’t believe it. He wouldn’t surely?
No, no.
Mr Bloom moved forward, raising his troubled eyes.
Think no more about that. After one. Timeball on the
ballastoffice is down. Dunsink time. Fascinating little book
that is of sir Robert Ball’s. Parallax. I never exactly
understood. There’s a priest. Could ask him. Par it’s
Greek: parallel, parallax. Met him pike hoses she called it
till I told her about the transmigration. O rocks!
Mr Bloom smiled O rocks at two windows of the
ballastoffice. She’s right after all. Only big words for
ordinary things on account of the sound. She’s not exactly
witty. Can be rude too. Blurt out what I was thinking.
Still, I don’t know. She used to say Ben Dollard had a base
barreltone voice. He has legs like barrels and you’d think
he was singing into a barrel. Now, isn’t that wit. They
used to call him big Ben. Not half as witty as calling him
base barreltone. Appetite like an albatross. Get outside of a
273 of 1305
baron of beef. Powerful man he was at stowing away
number one Bass. Barrel of Bass. See? It all works out.
A procession of whitesmocked sandwichmen marched
slowly towards him along the gutter, scarlet sashes across
their boards. Bargains. Like that priest they are this
morning: we have sinned: we have suffered. He read the
scarlet letters on their five tall white hats: H. E. L. Y. S.
Wisdom Hely’s. Y lagging behind drew a chunk of bread
from under his foreboard, crammed it into his mouth and
munched as he walked. Our staple food. Three bob a day,
walking along the gutters, street after street. Just keep skin
and bone together, bread and skilly. They are not Boyl:
no, M Glade’s men. Doesn’t bring in any business either. I
suggested to him about a transparent showcart with two
smart girls sitting inside writing letters, copybooks,
envelopes, blottingpaper. I bet that would have caught on.
Smart girls writing something catch the eye at once.
Everyone dying to know what she’s writing. Get twenty
of them round you if you stare at nothing. Have a finger
in the pie. Women too. Curiosity. Pillar of salt. Wouldn’t
have it of course because he didn’t think of it himself first.
Or the inkbottle I suggested with a false stain of black
celluloid. His ideas for ads like Plumtree’s potted under
the obituaries, cold meat department. You can’t lick ‘em.
274 of 1305
What? Our envelopes. Hello, Jones, where are you going?
Can’t stop, Robinson, I am hastening to purchase the only
reliable inkeraser Kansell, sold by Hely’s Ltd, 85 Dame
street. Well out of that ruck I am. Devil of a job it was
collecting accounts of those convents. Tranquilla convent.
That was a nice nun there, really sweet face. Wimple
suited her small head. Sister? Sister? I am sure she was
crossed in love by her eyes. Very hard to bargain with that
sort of a woman. I disturbed her at her devotions that
morning. But glad to communicate with the outside
world. Our great day, she said. Feast of Our Lady of
Mount Carmel. Sweet name too: caramel. She knew I, I
think she knew by the way she. If she had married she
would have changed. I suppose they really were short of
money. Fried everything in the best butter all the same.
No lard for them. My heart’s broke eating dripping. They
like buttering themselves in and out. Molly tasting it, her
veil up. Sister? Pat Claffey, the pawnbroker’s daughter. It
was a nun they say invented barbed wire.
He crossed Westmoreland street when apostrophe S
had plodded by. Rover cycleshop. Those races are on
today. How long ago is that? Year Phil Gilligan died. We
were in Lombard street west. Wait: was in Thom’s. Got
the job in Wisdom Hely’s year we married. Six years. Ten
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years ago: ninetyfour he died yes that’s right the big fire at
Arnott’s. Val Dillon was lord mayor. The Glencree dinner.
Alderman Robert O’Reilly emptying the port into his
soup before the flag fell. Bobbob lapping it for the inner
alderman. Couldn’t hear what the band played. For what
we have already received may the Lord make us. Milly
was a kiddy then. Molly had that elephantgrey dress with
the braided frogs. Mantailored with selfcovered buttons.
She didn’t like it because I sprained my ankle first day she
wore choir picnic at the Sugarloaf. As if that. Old
Goodwin’s tall hat done up with some sticky stuff. Flies’
picnic too. Never put a dress on her back like it. Fitted
her like a glove, shoulders and hips. Just beginning to
plump it out well. Rabbitpie we had that day. People
looking after her.
Happy. Happier then. Snug little room that was with
the red wallpaper. Dockrell’s, one and ninepence a dozen.
Milly’s tubbing night. American soap I bought:
elderflower. Cosy smell of her bathwater. Funny she
looked soaped all over. Shapely too. Now photography.
Poor papa’s daguerreotype atelier he told me of.
Hereditary taste.
He walked along the curbstone.
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Stream of life. What was the name of that
priestylooking chap was always squinting in when he
passed? Weak eyes, woman. Stopped in Citron’s saint
Kevin’s parade. Pen something. Pendennis? My memory is
getting. Pen ...? Of course it’s years ago. Noise of the
trams probably. Well, if he couldn’t remember the
dayfather’s name that he sees every day.
Bartell d’Arcy was the tenor, just coming out then.
Seeing her home after practice. Conceited fellow with his
waxedup moustache. Gave her that song Winds that blow
from the south.
Windy night that was I went to fetch her there was that
lodge meeting on about those lottery tickets after
Goodwin’s concert in the supperroom or oakroom of the
Mansion house. He and I behind. Sheet of her music blew
out of my hand against the High school railings. Lucky it
didn’t. Thing like that spoils the effect of a night for her.
Professor Goodwin linking her in front. Shaky on his pins,
poor old sot. His farewell concerts. Positively last
appearance on any stage. May be for months and may be
for never. Remember her laughing at the wind, her
blizzard collar up. Corner of Harcourt road remember that
gust. Brrfoo! Blew up all her skirts and her boa nearly
smothered old Goodwin. She did get flushed in the wind.
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Remember when we got home raking up the fire and
frying up those pieces of lap of mutton for her supper with
the Chutney sauce she liked. And the mulled rum. Could
see her in the bedroom from the hearth unclamping the
busk of her stays: white.
Swish and soft flop her stays made on the bed. Always
warm from her. Always liked to let her self out. Sitting
there after till near two taking out her hairpins. Milly
tucked up in beddyhouse. Happy. Happy. That was the
night ...
—O, Mr Bloom, how do you do?
—O, how do you do, Mrs Breen?
—No use complaining. How is Molly those times?
Haven’t seen her for ages.
—In the pink, Mr Bloom said gaily. Milly has a
position down in Mullingar, you know.
—Go away! Isn’t that grand for her?
—Yes. In a photographer’s there. Getting on like a
house on fire. How are all your charges?
—All on the baker’s list, Mrs Breen said.
How many has she? No other in sight.
—You’re in black, I see. You have no ...
—No, Mr Bloom said. I have just come from a funeral.
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Going to crop up all day, I foresee. Who’s dead, when
and what did he die of? Turn up like a bad penny.
—O, dear me, Mrs Breen said. I hope it wasn’t any
near relation.
May as well get her sympathy.
—Dignam, Mr Bloom said. An old friend of mine. He
died quite suddenly, poor fellow. Heart trouble, I believe.
Funeral was this morning.
Your funeral’s tomorrow
While you’re coming through the rye.
Diddlediddle dumdum
Diddlediddle ...
—Sad to lose the old friends, Mrs Breen’s womaneyes
said melancholily.
Now that’s quite enough about that. Just: quietly:
—And your lord and master?
Mrs Breen turned up her two large eyes. Hasn’t lost
them anyhow.
—O, don’t be talking! she said. He’s a caution to
rattlesnakes. He’s in there now with his lawbooks finding
out the law of libel. He has me heartscalded. Wait till I
show you.
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Hot mockturtle vapour and steam of newbaked
jampuffs rolypoly poured out from Harrison’s. The heavy
noonreek tickled the top of Mr Bloom’s gullet. Want to
make good pastry, butter, best flour, Demerara sugar, or
they’d taste it with the hot tea. Or is it from her? A
barefoot arab stood over the grating, breathing in the
fumes. Deaden the gnaw of hunger that way. Pleasure or
pain is it? Penny dinner. Knife and fork chained to the
Opening her handbag, chipped leather. Hatpin: ought
to have a guard on those things. Stick it in a chap’s eye in
the tram. Rummaging. Open. Money. Please take one.
Devils if they lose sixpence. Raise Cain. Husband barging.
Where’s the ten shillings I gave you on Monday? Are you
feeding your little brother’s family? Soiled handkerchief:
medicinebottle. Pastille that was fell. What is she? ...
—There must be a new moon out, she said. He’s
always bad then. Do you know what he did last night?
Her hand ceased to rummage. Her eyes fixed
themselves on him, wide in alarm, yet smiling.
—What? Mr Bloom asked.
Let her speak. Look straight in her eyes. I believe you.
Trust me.
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—Woke me up in the night, she said. Dream he had, a
—Said the ace of spades was walking up the stairs.
—The ace of spades! Mr Bloom said.
She took a folded postcard from her handbag.
—Read that, she said. He got it this morning.
—What is it? Mr Bloom asked, taking the card. U.P.?
—U.P.: up, she said. Someone taking a rise out of him.
It’s a great shame for them whoever he is.
—Indeed it is, Mr Bloom said.
She took back the card, sighing.
—And now he’s going round to Mr Menton’s office.
He’s going to take an action for ten thousand pounds, he
She folded the card into her untidy bag and snapped
the catch.
Same blue serge dress she had two years ago, the nap
bleaching. Seen its best days. Wispish hair over her ears.
And that dowdy toque: three old grapes to take the harm
out of it. Shabby genteel. She used to be a tasty dresser.
Lines round her mouth. Only a year or so older than
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See the eye that woman gave her, passing. Cruel. The
unfair sex.
He looked still at her, holding back behind his look his
discontent. Pungent mockturtle oxtail mulligatawny. I’m
hungry too. Flakes of pastry on the gusset of her dress:
daub of sugary flour stuck to her cheek. Rhubarb tart with
liberal fillings, rich fruit interior. Josie Powell that was. In
Luke Doyle’s long ago. Dolphin’s Barn, the charades.
U.P.: up.
Change the subject.
—Do you ever see anything of Mrs Beaufoy? Mr
Bloom asked.
—Mina Purefoy? she said.
Philip Beaufoy I was thinking. Playgoers’ Club.
Matcham often thinks of the masterstroke. Did I pull the
chain? Yes. The last act.
—I just called to ask on the way in is she over it. She’s
in the lying-in hospital in Holles street. Dr Horne got her
in. She’s three days bad now.
—O, Mr Bloom said. I’m sorry to hear that.
—Yes, Mrs Breen said. And a houseful of kids at home.
It’s a very stiff birth, the nurse told me.
—-O, Mr Bloom said.
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His heavy pitying gaze absorbed her news. His tongue
clacked in compassion. Dth! Dth!
—I’m sorry to hear that, he said. Poor thing! Three
days! That’s terrible for her.
Mrs Breen nodded.
—She was taken bad on the Tuesday ...
Mr Bloom touched her funnybone gently, warning her:
—Mind! Let this man pass.
A bony form strode along the curbstone from the river
staring with a rapt gaze into the sunlight through a
heavystringed glass. Tight as a skullpiece a tiny hat gripped
his head. From his arm a folded dustcoat, a stick and an
umbrella dangled to his stride.
—Watch him, Mr Bloom said. He always walks outside
the lampposts. Watch!
—Who is he if it’s a fair question? Mrs Breen asked. Is
he dotty?
—His name is Cashel Boyle O’Connor Fitzmaurice
Tisdall Farrell, Mr Bloom said smiling. Watch!
—He has enough of them, she said. Denis will be like
that one of these days.
She broke off suddenly.
—There he is, she said. I must go after him. Goodbye.
Remember me to Molly, won’t you?
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—I will, Mr Bloom said.
He watched her dodge through passers towards the
shopfronts. Denis Breen in skimpy frockcoat and blue
canvas shoes shuffled out of Harrison’s hugging two heavy
tomes to his ribs. Blown in from the bay. Like old times.
He suffered her to overtake him without surprise and
thrust his dull grey beard towards her, his loose jaw
wagging as he spoke earnestly.
Meshuggah. Off his chump.
Mr Bloom walked on again easily, seeing ahead of him
in sunlight the tight skullpiece, the dangling
stickumbrelladustcoat. Going the two days. Watch him!
Out he goes again. One way of getting on in the world.
And that other old mosey lunatic in those duds. Hard time
she must have with him.
U.P.: up. I’ll take my oath that’s Alf Bergan or Richie
Goulding. Wrote it for a lark in the Scotch house I bet
anything. Round to Menton’s office. His oyster eyes
staring at the postcard. Be a feast for the gods.
He passed the Irish Times. There might be other
answers Iying there. Like to answer them all. Good system
for criminals. Code. At their lunch now. Clerk with the
glasses there doesn’t know me. O, leave them there to
simmer. Enough bother wading through fortyfour of
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them. Wanted, smart lady typist to aid gentleman in
literary work. I called you naughty darling because I do
not like that other world. Please tell me what is the
meaning. Please tell me what perfume does your wife. Tell
me who made the world. The way they spring those
questions on you. And the other one Lizzie Twigg. My
literary efforts have had the good fortune to meet with the
approval of the eminent poet A. E. (Mr Geo. Russell). No
time to do her hair drinking sloppy tea with a book of
Best paper by long chalks for a small ad. Got the
provinces now. Cook and general, exc. cuisine,
housemaid kept. Wanted live man for spirit counter.
Resp. girl (R.C.) wishes to hear of post in fruit or pork
shop. James Carlisle made that. Six and a half per cent
dividend. Made a big deal on Coates’s shares. Ca’ canny.
Cunning old Scotch hunks. All the toady news. Our
gracious and popular vicereine. Bought the Irish Field now.
Lady Mountcashel has quite recovered after her
confinement and rode out with the Ward Union
staghounds at the enlargement yesterday at Rathoath.
Uneatable fox. Pothunters too. Fear injects juices make it
tender enough for them. Riding astride. Sit her horse like
a man. Weightcarrying huntress. No sidesaddle or pillion
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for her, not for Joe. First to the meet and in at the death.
Strong as a brood mare some of those horsey women.
Swagger around livery stables. Toss off a glass of brandy
neat while you’d say knife. That one at the Grosvenor this
morning. Up with her on the car: wishswish. Stonewall or
fivebarred gate put her mount to it. Think that pugnosed
driver did it out of spite. Who is this she was like? O yes!
Mrs Miriam Dandrade that sold me her old wraps and
black underclothes in the Shelbourne hotel. Divorced
Spanish American. Didn’t take a feather out of her my
handling them. As if I was her clotheshorse. Saw her in
the viceregal party when Stubbs the park ranger got me in
with Whelan of the Express. Scavenging what the quality
left. High tea. Mayonnaise I poured on the plums thinking
it was custard. Her ears ought to have tingled for a few
weeks after. Want to be a bull for her. Born courtesan. No
nursery work for her, thanks.
Poor Mrs Purefoy! Methodist husband. Method in his
madness. Saffron bun and milk and soda lunch in the
educational dairy. Y. M. C. A. Eating with a stopwatch,
thirtytwo chews to the minute. And still his muttonchop
whiskers grew. Supposed to be well connected.
Theodore’s cousin in Dublin Castle. One tony relative in
every family. Hardy annuals he presents her with. Saw him
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out at the Three Jolly Topers marching along bareheaded
and his eldest boy carrying one in a marketnet. The
squallers. Poor thing! Then having to give the breast year
after year all hours of the night. Selfish those t.t’s are. Dog
in the manger. Only one lump of sugar in my tea, if you
He stood at Fleet street crossing. Luncheon interval. A
sixpenny at Rowe’s? Must look up that ad in the national
library. An eightpenny in the Burton. Better. On my way.
He walked on past Bolton’s Westmoreland house. Tea.
Tea. Tea. I forgot to tap Tom Kernan.
Sss. Dth, dth, dth! Three days imagine groaning on a
bed with a vinegared handkerchief round her forehead,
her belly swollen out. Phew! Dreadful simply! Child’s
head too big: forceps. Doubled up inside her trying to butt
its way out blindly, groping for the way out. Kill me that
would. Lucky Molly got over hers lightly. They ought to
invent something to stop that. Life with hard labour.
Twilight sleep idea: queen Victoria was given that. Nine
she had. A good layer. Old woman that lived in a shoe she
had so many children. Suppose he was consumptive. Time
someone thought about it instead of gassing about the
what was it the pensive bosom of the silver effulgence.
Flapdoodle to feed fools on. They could easily have big
287 of 1305
establishments whole thing quite painless out of all the
taxes give every child born five quid at compound interest
up to twentyone five per cent is a hundred shillings and
five tiresome pounds multiply by twenty decimal system
encourage people to put by money save hundred and ten
and a bit twentyone years want to work it out on paper
come to a tidy sum more than you think.
Not stillborn of course. They are not even registered.
Trouble for nothing.
Funny sight two of them together, their bellies out.
Molly and Mrs Moisel. Mothers’ meeting. Phthisis retires
for the time being, then returns. How flat they look all of
a sudden after. Peaceful eyes. Weight off their mind. Old
Mrs Thornton was a jolly old soul. All my babies, she said.
The spoon of pap in her mouth before she fed them. O,
that’s nyumnyum. Got her hand crushed by old Tom
Wall’s son. His first bow to the public. Head like a prize
pumpkin. Snuffy Dr Murren. People knocking them up at
all hours. For God’ sake, doctor. Wife in her throes. Then
keep them waiting months for their fee. To attendance on
your wife. No gratitude in people. Humane doctors, most
of them.
Before the huge high door of the Irish house of
parliament a flock of pigeons flew. Their little frolic after
288 of 1305
meals. Who will we do it on? I pick the fellow in black.
Here goes. Here’s good luck. Must be thrilling from the
air. Apjohn, myself and Owen Goldberg up in the trees
near Goose green playing the monkeys. Mackerel they
called me.
A squad of constables debouched from College street,
marching in Indian file. Goosestep. Foodheated faces,
sweating helmets, patting their truncheons. After their feed
with a good load of fat soup under their belts. Policeman’s
lot is oft a happy one. They split up in groups and
scattered, saluting, towards their beats. Let out to graze.
Best moment to attack one in pudding time. A punch in
his dinner. A squad of others, marching irregularly,
rounded Trinity railings making for the station. Bound for
their troughs. Prepare to receive cavalry. Prepare to
receive soup.
He crossed under Tommy Moore’s roguish finger.
They did right to put him up over a urinal: meeting of the
waters. Ought to be places for women. Running into
cakeshops. Settle my hat straight. There is not in this wide
world a vallee. Great song of Julia Morkan’s. Kept her voice
up to the very last. Pupil of Michael Balfe’s, wasn’t she?
He gazed after the last broad tunic. Nasty customers to
tackle. Jack Power could a tale unfold: father a G man. If a
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fellow gave them trouble being lagged they let him have it
hot and heavy in the bridewell. Can’t blame them after all
with the job they have especially the young hornies. That
horsepoliceman the day Joe Chamberlain was given his
degree in Trinity he got a run for his money. My word he
did! His horse’s hoofs clattering after us down Abbey
street. Lucky I had the presence of mind to dive into
Manning’s or I was souped. He did come a wallop, by
George. Must have cracked his skull on the cobblestones. I
oughtn’t to have got myself swept along with those
medicals. And the Trinity jibs in their mortarboards.
Looking for trouble. Still I got to know that young Dixon
who dressed that sting for me in the Mater and now he’s
in Holles street where Mrs Purefoy. Wheels within
wheels. Police whistle in my ears still. All skedaddled.
Why he fixed on me. Give me in charge. Right here it
—Up the Boers!
—Three cheers for De Wet!
—We’ll hang Joe Chamberlain on a sourapple tree.
Silly billies: mob of young cubs yelling their guts out.
Vinegar hill. The Butter exchange band. Few years’ time
half of them magistrates and civil servants. War comes on:
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into the army helterskelter: same fellows used to. Whether
on the scaffold high.
Never know who you’re talking to. Corny Kelleher he
has Harvey Duff in his eye. Like that Peter or Denis or
James Carey that blew the gaff on the invincibles. Member
of the corporation too. Egging raw youths on to get in the
know all the time drawing secret service pay from the
castle. Drop him like a hot potato. Why those plainclothes
men are always courting slaveys. Easily twig a man used to
uniform. Squarepushing up against a backdoor. Maul her a
bit. Then the next thing on the menu. And who is the
gentleman does be visiting there? Was the young master
saying anything? Peeping Tom through the keyhole.
Decoy duck. Hotblooded young student fooling round
her fat arms ironing.
—Are those yours, Mary?
—I don’t wear such things ... Stop or I’ll tell the missus
on you. Out half the night.
—There are great times coming, Mary. Wait till you
—Ah, gelong with your great times coming.
Barmaids too. Tobaccoshopgirls.
James Stephens’ idea was the best. He knew them.
Circles of ten so that a fellow couldn’t round on more
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than his own ring. Sinn Fein. Back out you get the knife.
Hidden hand. Stay in. The firing squad. Turnkey’s
daughter got him out of Richmond, off from Lusk.
Putting up in the Buckingham Palace hotel under their
very noses. Garibaldi.
You must have a certain fascination: Parnell. Arthur
Griffith is a squareheaded fellow but he has no go in him
for the mob. Or gas about our lovely land. Gammon and
spinach. Dublin Bakery Company’s tearoom. Debating
societies. That republicanism is the best form of
government. That the language question should take
precedence of the economic question. Have your
daughters inveigling them to your house. Stuff them up
with meat and drink. Michaelmas goose. Here’s a good
lump of thyme seasoning under the apron for you. Have
another quart of goosegrease before it gets too cold.
Halffed enthusiasts. Penny roll and a walk with the band.
No grace for the carver. The thought that the other chap
pays best sauce in the world. Make themselves thoroughly
at home. Show us over those apricots, meaning peaches.
The not far distant day. Homerule sun rising up in the
His smile faded as he walked, a heavy cloud hiding the
sun slowly, shadowing Trinity’s surly front. Trams passed
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one another, ingoing, outgoing, clanging. Useless words.
Things go on same, day after day: squads of police
marching out, back: trams in, out. Those two loonies
mooching about. Dignam carted off. Mina Purefoy
swollen belly on a bed groaning to have a child tugged out
of her. One born every second somewhere. Other dying
every second. Since I fed the birds five minutes. Three
hundred kicked the bucket. Other three hundred born,
washing the blood off, all are washed in the blood of the
lamb, bawling maaaaaa.
Cityful passing away, other cityful coming, passing
away too: other coming on, passing on. Houses, lines of
houses, streets, miles of pavements, piledup bricks, stones.
Changing hands. This owner, that. Landlord never dies
they say. Other steps into his shoes when he gets his
notice to quit. They buy the place up with gold and still
they have all the gold. Swindle in it somewhere. Piled up
in cities, worn away age after age. Pyramids in sand. Built
on bread and onions. Slaves Chinese wall. Babylon. Big
stones left. Round towers. Rest rubble, sprawling suburbs,
jerrybuilt. Kerwan’s mushroom houses built of breeze.
Shelter, for the night.
No-one is anything.
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This is the very worst hour of the day. Vitality. Dull,
gloomy: hate this hour. Feel as if I had been eaten and
Provost’s house. The reverend Dr Salmon: tinned
salmon. Well tinned in there. Like a mortuary chapel.
Wouldn’t live in it if they paid me. Hope they have liver
and bacon today. Nature abhors a vacuum.
The sun freed itself slowly and lit glints of light among
the silverware opposite in Walter Sexton’s window by
which John Howard Parnell passed, unseeing.
There he is: the brother. Image of him. Haunting face.
Now that’s a coincidence. Course hundreds of times you
think of a person and don’t meet him. Like a man walking
in his sleep. No-one knows him. Must be a corporation
meeting today. They say he never put on the city
marshal’s uniform since he got the job. Charley Kavanagh
used to come out on his high horse, cocked hat, puffed,
powdered and shaved. Look at the woebegone walk of
him. Eaten a bad egg. Poached eyes on ghost. I have a
pain. Great man’s brother: his brother’s brother. He’d look
nice on the city charger. Drop into the D.B.C. probably
for his coffee, play chess there. His brother used men as
pawns. Let them all go to pot. Afraid to pass a remark on
him. Freeze them up with that eye of his. That’s the
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fascination: the name. All a bit touched. Mad Fanny and
his other sister Mrs Dickinson driving about with scarlet
harness. Bolt upright lik surgeon M’Ardle. Still David
Sheehy beat him for south Meath. Apply for the Chiltern
Hundreds and retire into public life. The patriot’s banquet.
Eating orangepeels in the park. Simon Dedalus said when
they put him in parliament that Parnell would come back
from the grave and lead him out of the house of commons
by the arm.
—Of the twoheaded octopus, one of whose heads is
the head upon which the ends of the world have forgotten
to come while the other speaks with a Scotch accent. The
tentacles ...
They passed from behind Mr Bloom along the
curbstone. Beard and bicycle. Young woman.
And there he is too. Now that’s really a coincidence:
second time. Coming events cast their shadows before.
With the approval of the eminent poet, Mr Geo. Russell.
That might be Lizzie Twigg with him. A. E.: what does
that mean? Initials perhaps. Albert Edward, Arthur
Edmund, Alphonsus Eb Ed El Esquire. What was he
saying? The ends of the world with a Scotch accent.
Tentacles: octopus. Something occult: symbolism.
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Holding forth. She’s taking it all in. Not saying a word.
To aid gentleman in literary work.
His eyes followed the high figure in homespun, beard
and bicycle, a listening woman at his side. Coming from
the vegetarian. Only weggebobbles and fruit. Don’t eat a
beefsteak. If you do the eyes of that cow will pursue you
through all eternity. They say it’s healthier.
Windandwatery though. Tried it. Keep you on the run all
day. Bad as a bloater. Dreams all night. Why do they call
that thing they gave me nutsteak? Nutarians. Fruitarians.
To give you the idea you are eating rumpsteak. Absurd.
Salty too. They cook in soda. Keep you sitting by the tap
all night.
Her stockings are loose over her ankles. I detest that: so
tasteless. Those literary etherial people they are all.
Dreamy, cloudy, symbolistic. Esthetes they are. I wouldn’t
be surprised if it was that kind of food you see produces
the like waves of the brain the poetical. For example one
of those policemen sweating Irish stew into their shirts
you couldn’t squeeze a line of poetry out of him. Don’t
know what poetry is even. Must be in a certain mood.
The dreamy cloudy gull
Waves o’er the waters dull.
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He crossed at Nassau street corner and stood before the
window of Yeates and Son, pricing the fieldglasses. Or
will I drop into old Harris’s and have a chat with young
Sinclair? Wellmannered fellow. Probably at his lunch.
Must get those old glasses of mine set right. Goerz lenses
six guineas. Germans making their way everywhere. Sell
on easy terms to capture trade. Undercutting. Might
chance on a pair in the railway lost property office.
Astonishing the things people leave behind them in trains
and cloakrooms. What do they be thinking about?
Women too. Incredible. Last year travelling to Ennis had
to pick up that farmer’s daughter’s ba and hand it to her at
Limerick junction. Unclaimed money too. There’s a little
watch up there on the roof of the bank to test those glasses
His lids came down on the lower rims of his irides.
Can’t see it. If you imagine it’s there you can almost see it.
Can’t see it.
He faced about and, standing between the awnings,
held out his right hand at arm’s length towards the sun.
Wanted to try that often. Yes: completely. The tip of his
little finger blotted out the sun’s disk. Must be the focus
where the rays cross. If I had black glasses. Interesting.
There was a lot of talk about those sunspots when we
were in Lombard street west. Looking up from the back
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