S18 535 3 M26

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Province of Alberta

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000
Chapter M-26
Current as of January 1, 2018

Office Consolidation
© Published by Alberta Queen’s Printer
Alberta Queen’s Printer
Suite 700, Park Plaza
10611 - 98 Avenue
Edmonton, AB T5K 2P7
Phone: 780-427-4952
Fax: 780-452-0668
E-mail: qp@gov.ab.ca
Shop on-line at www.qp.alberta.ca

Copyright and Permission Statement
Alberta Queen's Printer holds copyright on behalf of the Government of Alberta
in right of Her Majesty the Queen for all Government of Alberta legislation.
Alberta Queen's Printer permits any person to reproduce Alberta’s statutes and
regulations without seeking permission and without charge, provided due
diligence is exercised to ensure the accuracy of the materials produced, and
Crown copyright is acknowledged in the following format:
© Alberta Queen's Printer, 20__.*
*The year of first publication of the legal materials is to be completed.
Note
All persons making use of this consolidation are reminded that it has no
legislative sanction, that amendments have been embodied for convenience of
reference only. The official Statutes and Regulations should be consulted for all
purposes of interpreting and applying the law.
Amendments Not in Force
This consolidation incorporates only those amendments in force on the
consolidation date shown on the cover. It does not include the following
amendments:
2015 c8 s61 (2017 c13 s3 - effective June 7, 2017) adds ss627.1 to 627.3.
2016 c24 s6 amends s3, s15 amends s153, s18 repeals and substitutes s232(2),
s19.1 amends s243(1), s70 amends s485, s71 amends s486, s72 amends s487, s73
adds s487.2, s76(a)(ii) amends s491, s78(a) amends s493, s79(a) amends s494(1),
s84(a), (b), (c) and (e) amends s527.1, s87 amends s574(1), s97 amends s631,
s98(a) and (b) (2017 c13 s2 - effective June 7, 2017) amends s632, s131(a)(i)
amends s694, s134 (2017 c13 s2 - effective June 7, 2017) adds Part 17.2,
ss708.26 to 708.52.
2017 c13 s1(60)(b), (c) and (d) amends s648.
2012 cE-0.3 s279 (2015 c8 s80 - effective March 1, 2016) amends s1(1)(m)(iv),
repeals and substitutes s55(1)(b), amends ss250(2)(b), 284(1), 303(g), 326(1)(a),
362(1), 369(2.1), 392(4), 596(1)(b), 616(bb).
2014 c10 s59 amends s423(1)(c).
2016 c24 s7 repeals and substitutes s14(1)(d), s8 repeals heading preceding s47.1
and s47.1, s12 repeals s73, s13 adds Division 9 heading and ss75.1 to 75.5, s19
amends s241(d), s20 amends s250, s89 amends s602.09, s91(d) amends s616,
s100(b) amends s640(4), s106 amends s650(1), s110 amends s655(1)(b), s123(a)
amends s680, s129 amends s687(3), s131(a)(iii) amends s694.
2017 c13 s1(4) repeals Division 5 of Part 3, s1(39) repeals and substitutes
Division 4 of Part 10 ss380.1 to 380.5, s1(40) amends ss410(e), s1(41) amends

s437(c), s1(55) amends ss616, s1(61) amends s666, s1(62) amends s667, s1(63)
amends s670(1), s1(64) adds ss670.1 and 670.2.
2017 c21 s28 amends ss365(1), 640, 642, 687(3).
Regulations
The following is a list of the regulations made under the Municipal Government
Act that are filed as Alberta Regulations under the Regulations Act.
Alta. Reg.

Amendments

Municipal Government Act

Aeronautics Act Agreements (City of
Medicine Hat and Cypress County) .........33/2014 ........... 10/2016
Airport Vicinity Protection Areas
Calgary International ................................177/2009 ......... 192/2010, 71/2014,
186/2017
Edmonton International ............................55/2006 ........... 86/2016, 185/2017
Alberta Central East Water Corporation ........137/2013 ......... 45/2014
Alberta Social Housing Corporation
Exemption ................................................258/2017
APEX Plus Investment
see MuniSERP Investment
Aquatera Utilities Inc. ....................................205/2013 ......... 45/2014
Aqueduct Utilities Corporation ......................92/2012 ........... 45/2014
Business Improvement Area ..........................93/2016
Calgary Metropolitan Region Board ..............190/2017
Canmore Undermining Exemption
from Liability ...........................................113/97 ............. 221/2004
Canmore Undermining Review ......................114/97 ............. 132/97, 206/2001,
221/2004, 176/2006,
54/2011, 170/2012
Capital Region Board Financial
Matters Modification ................................223/2014
Central Waste Management Commission
Disestablishment ......................................77/2017
Chestermere Utilities Incorporated ................163/2013 ......... 45/2014
City of Calgary Debt Service
Limit Exception........................................165/2011 ......... 184/2016
City of Calgary Rivers District
Community Revitalization Levy ..............232/2006 ......... 181/2016
City of Edmonton Belvedere Community
Revitalization Levy ..................................57/2010
City of Edmonton Capital City Downtown
Community Revitalization Levy ..............141/2013
City of Edmonton the Quarters Downtown
Community Revitalization Levy ..............173/2010
Cochrane Community Revitalization
Levy .........................................................204/2012

Code of Conduct for Elected Officials ...........200/2017
Community Aggregate Payment Levy ...........263/2005 ......... 187/2010, 175/2015,
196/2017
Community Organization Property
Tax Exemption .........................................281/98 ............. 283/2003, 182/2008,
4/2010, 77/2010,
204/2011, 9/2015,
257/2017
Control of Corporations .................................284/2003 ......... 114/2013
Council and Council Committee
Meetings (Ministerial) ..............................197/2017
Crown Land Area Designation .......................239/2003 ......... 29/2013, 204/2017
Crowsnest Pass ...............................................197/2002 ......... 147/2012, 131/2017,
199/2017
Debt Limit ......................................................255/2000 ......... 25/2005, 100/2006,
253/2009, 5/2010,
13/2013, 171/2015
Determination of Population ..........................63/2001 ........... 17/2006, 71/2006,
189/2010, 10/2013,
198/2017
Edmonton Metropolitan Region Board ..........189/2017
Financial Information Return .........................158/2000 ......... 71/2004, 35/2007,
68/2008, 170/2009,
112/2014
Intermunicipal Collaboration
Framework ...............................................191/2017
NOTE: AR 191/2017 comes into force
on Apr 1, 2018

Investment ......................................................66/2000 ........... 123/2005, 210/2006,
22/2010, 88/2010,
190/2010, 104/2012,
75/2015
Major Cities Investment .................................249/2000 ......... 190/2010, 75/2015,
173/2015
Matters Relating to Assessment and
Taxation ...................................................220/2004 ......... 307/2006, 245/2008,
257/2009, 330/2009,
184/2012, 130/2017
Matters Relating to Assessment and
Taxation, 2018 .........................................203/2017
Matters Relating to Assessment
Complaints ...............................................310/2009 ......... 215/2012, 130/2017
Matters Relating to Assessment
Complaints, 2018 .....................................201/2017
Matters Relating to Assessment
Sub-classes ...............................................202/2017
Muni Funds Investment ..................................22/2010 ........... 104/2012, 174/2015

Municipal Corporate Planning .......................192/2017
Municipal Gas Systems
Core Market .............................................93/2001 ........... 354/2003, 254/2007,
129/2008, 127/2013,
183/2017
MuniSERP Investment ...................................210/2006 ......... 104/2012, 97/2017
NEW water Ltd. .............................................159/2012 ......... 45/2014
Newell Regional Services Corporation ..........153/2012 ......... 45/2014
Off-site Levies................................................187/2017
Peace Regional Waste Management
Company ..................................................41/2011 ........... 45/2014
Planning Exemption .......................................223/2000 ......... 206/2001, 251/2001,
217/2002, 234/2002,
354/2003, 365/2003,
23/2005, 299/2006,
300/2006, 236/2007,
140/2008, 176/2009,
50/2011, 34/2014,
95/2015, 184/2017
Public Participation Policy .............................193/2017
Qualifications of Assessor ..............................233/2005 ......... 307/2006, 63/2012,
96/2016
Regional Services / Commissions
Alberta Capital Region Wastewater
Commission .......................................129/85 ............. 366/85, 30/2000,
220/2000, 19/2002,
189/2006
Aqua 7 Regional Water Commission .......224/2003 ......... 137/2011
Aspen Regional Water Services
Commission .......................................176/2007
Athabasca Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................259/98 ............. 233/2006, 13/2017
Barrhead Regional Water Commission ....135/2011
Beaver Emergency Services
Commission .......................................58/2010
Beaver Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................75/92 ............... 183/2013
Beaver River Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................51/2003 ........... 130/2008
Big Country Waste Management
Services Commission .........................142/86 ............. 110/2007
Bow Valley Regional Transit
Services Commission .........................59/2011
Bow Valley Waste Management
Commission .......................................15/98

Capital Region Assessment Services
Commission .......................................77/96 ............... 177/97, 104/98,
260/98, 268/99,
171/2000, 239/2005,
48/2006, 234/2006,
25/2007, 177/2007,
2/2008, 312/2009,
93/2010, 26/2011,
223/2011, 27/2012,
102/2014
Capital Region Northeast Water
Services Commission .........................290/84 ............. 16/2001
Capital Region Parkland Water
Services Commission .........................291/84 ............. 86/85
Capital Region Southwest Water
Services Commission .........................292/84 ............. 143/2009, 213/2011,
141/2016
Central Alberta Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................211/2000
Central Peace Fire and Rescue
Commission .......................................113/2016
Central Peace Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................64/2001 ........... 72/2002
Cold Lake Regional Utility
Services Commission .........................265/86 ............. 44/97, 333/2003
Darwell Lagoon Commission ...................59/2007
Elk Point/St. Paul Regional
Water Commission .............................52/2012
Evergreen Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................31/2000 ........... 212/2000
Foothills Regional Emergency
Services Commission .........................268/97 ............. 32/99, 6/2007,
237/2009, 7/2016
Foothills Regional Services
Commission .......................................161/89 ............. 28/92, 82/2001
Greenview Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................78/2001
Henry Kroeger Regional Water
Services Commission .........................30/88 ............... 234/98, 8/2016
Highway 3 Regional Water Services
Commission .......................................313/2009
Highway 14 Regional Water
Services Commission .........................154/90 ............. 183/2000, 89/2002,
66/2012
Highway 28/63 Regional Water
Services Commission .........................136/2011
Highway 43 East Waste
Commission .......................................32/94 ............... 154/94, 140/99,
179/2003, 6/2012

Highway 12/21 Regional Water
Services Commission .........................195/2006 ......... 165/2007, 203/2007,
161/2013
John S. Batiuk Regional Water
Commission .......................................293/84 ............. 54/90, 3/2008,
160/2013
Lacombe Regional Waste Services
Commission .......................................105/2013
Lakeland Regional Waste Management
Services Commission
Disestablishment ................................15/2009
Lamont County Regional Solid
Waste Commission
see St. Michael Regional Solid
Waste Commission
Lesser Slave Lake Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................16/98
Lethbridge Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................138/89
Lethbridge Regional Water Services
Commission .......................................173/2001
Long Lake Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................98/91
Mackenzie Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................264/2003
Magrath and District Regional Water
Services Commission .........................171/2012 ......... 162/2013
Mountain View Regional Emergency
Services Commission
Disestablishment ................................70/2011
Mountain View Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................43/2001
Mountain View Regional Water Services
Commission .......................................245/92
North 43 Lagoon Commission .................181/2003 ......... 7/2007
North Forty Mile Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................284/88 ............. 9/2016
North Peace Regional Landfill
Commission .......................................174/2001
North Red Deer Regional Wastewater
Services Commission .........................166/2008
North Red Deer River Water Services
Commission .......................................105/2004
Northeast Pigeon Lake Regional
Services Commission .........................162/89
Oldman River Regional Services
Commission .......................................303/2003 ......... 63/2014
Pincher Creek Emergency Services
Commission .......................................230/2014

Regional Services Commission
Debt Limit ..........................................76/2000 ........... 119/2005, 90/2010,
75/2015
Ridge Water Services Commission ..........175/2009 ......... 90/2012
Roseridge Waste Management
Services Commission .........................17/2001
Shirley McClellan Regional Water
Services Commission .........................212/2007 ......... 14/2017
Slave Lake Airport Services
Commission .......................................267/98 ............. 84/2002
Smoky River Regional Waste
Management Commission ..................24/2003
Smoky River Regional Water
Management Commission ..................151/2003
South Forty Waste Services
Commission .......................................175/98
South Red Deer Regional
Wastewater Commission ....................52/2008
St. Michael Regional Solid
Waste Commission.............................232/99 ............. 177/2014
Sylvan Lake Regional Wastewater
Commission .......................................53/2008
Sylvan Lake Regional Water
Commission .......................................54/2008
Thorhild Regional Waste Management
Services Commission
Disestablishment ................................22/2013
Trivillage Regional Sewage
Services Commission .........................70/90
Trivillage Regional Sewage Services
Commission Municipal Utilities
Acquisition .........................................368/92
Twin Valley Regional Water
Services Commission .........................175/2011
Two Hills Regional Waste Management
Commission .......................................49/2000 ........... 91/2012
Vauxhall and District Regional Water
Services Commission .........................301/2009
Vermilion River Regional Waste
Management Services
Commission .......................................63/2005
Vulcan District Waste Commission .........106/2004
West Inter Lake District Regional Water
Services Commission .........................156/2008 ......... 234/2008
Westend Regional Sewage Services
Commission .......................................277/94
Westlock Regional Waste Management
Commission .......................................40/2000
Westlock Regional Water Services
Commission .......................................167/2008 ......... 15/2017

Willow Creek Regional Waste Management
Services Commission .........................274/93
Sheep River Regional Utility
Corporation ..............................................16/2016
Subdivision and Development
Appeal Board ...........................................195/2017
NOTE: AR 195/2017 comes into force on
April 1, 2018

Subdivision and Development .......................43/2002 ........... 105/2005, 196/2006,
126/2007, 254/2007,
68/2008, 144/2009,
193/2010, 51/2011,
31/2012, 160/2012,
170/2012, 89/2013,
119/2014, 188/2017
Subdivision and Development Forms ............44/2002 ........... Rep. 194/2017
Subdivision and Development Forms
Repeal ......................................................194/2017
SuperNet Assessment ..................................... 91/2016
Supplementary Accounting Principles
and Standards ...........................................313/2000 ......... 62/2004, 171/2009,
108/2013, 111/2014
Well Drilling Equipment Tax Rate ................218/2014
Wheatland Regional Corporation ...................39/2017
Wood Buffalo Utilities Corporation ...............94/2016

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT
Chapter M-26
Table of Contents
1
2
2.1

Interpretation
Application of Act
Indian reserves

Part 1
Purposes, Powers and Capacity of Municipalities
3
4
5
6

Municipal purposes
Corporation
Powers, duties and functions
Natural person powers

Part 2
Bylaws
Division 1
General Jurisdiction
7
8
9
10
11

General jurisdiction to pass bylaws
Powers under bylaws
Guides to interpreting power to pass bylaws
Bylaw passing powers in other enactments
Relationship to natural person powers
Division 2
Scope of Bylaws

12
13

Geographic area of bylaws
Relationship to Provincial law

1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Part 3
Special Municipal Powers and Limits
on Municipal Powers
Division 1
Expropriation
14
15

Expropriation powers
Expropriating part of a parcel
Division 2
Roads

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
27.1
27.2
27.3
27.4
27.5
27.6

Title to roads
Disposal of estate or interest in roads
Control of roads
Rocky Mountains Forest Reserve
Specialized municipalities
Land abutting roads
Road closure
Compensation
Closure of unnecessary road
Temporary road closure
Temporary roads and rights of way
Leases
Forestry roads
Forestry road agreement
Fees charged to other users
Failure to maintain road
Unauthorized commercial or industrial use
Existing agreements
Division 3
Public Utilities
General

28
28.1
29
30
31
32

Definitions
Interpretation
Composition of system or works
Long-term supply agreements to public utilities
Regulation of gas supply obtained from direct sellers
Other authorizations and approvals
Municipal Public Utilities

33
33.1

Prohibiting other public utilities
Exception
2

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

Duty to supply utility service
Parcels adjacent to roads and easements
Right of entry - main lines
Service connections - owner
Service connections - municipality
Restoration and costs
Buildings
Discontinue providing public utility
Liability for public utilities charges
Appeal
Dispute with other municipalities
Non-municipal Public Utilities

45
45.1
46
46.1
47
47.1

Granting rights to provide utility service
Exception
Prohibiting other non-municipal public utilities
Exception
Renewals
EPCOR Water Services Inc.
Division 5
Business Improvement Areas

50
51
52
53

Purpose
Board
Civil liability of board members
Regulations
Division 6
Miscellaneous Powers

54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62

Providing services in other areas
Sharing taxes and grants
Civic holidays
Census
Road names
Hamlets
Water bodies
Granting rights over property
Acquiring land for roads
Division 7
Revision and Consolidation of Bylaws

62.1
63

Definitions
Revising bylaws
3

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

65
66
67
69

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Requirements relating to revised bylaws
Effects of revised bylaws
References to repealed bylaws
Consolidation of bylaws
Division 8
Limits on Municipal Powers

70
71
72
73
74
75

Disposal of land
Mines and minerals
Acquisition of land outside municipal boundaries
Control of profit corporations
Firearms
Forest and Prairie Protection Act

Part 4
Formation, Fundamental Changes and Dissolution
Division 1
General Criteria
76

Principles, standards and criteria
Division 2
Formation

77
78
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
89.1
90

Types of municipality that may be formed
Municipal district
Village
Town
City
Specialized municipality
Modification of requirements
Initiating formation
Factors to be considered
Public input
Formation order
Contents of order
Summer village
Official administrator
Division 3
Change of Status

91
91.1
92
93

Meaning of change of status
Summer village
Application of formation rules
Initiation of change of status
4

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

94
95
96
97
97.2

Public input
Consideration of principles
Change of status order
Contents of order
Effect of change of status
Division 4
Change of Name

98
99

Change of name order
Effect of change of name
Division 5
Amalgamation

100
101
102
103
104
105
106
106.1
107
108
109
110
111
112

Application
Restriction on amalgamation
Initiation of amalgamation proceedings
Initiation by municipal authority
Direct negotiations
Report on negotiations
Disposition of report
Regulations
Initiation by Minister
Notice by Minister
Consideration of principles
Amalgamation order
Contents of order
Official administrator
Division 6
Annexation

112.1
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124

Mediation
Application
Restriction on annexation
Annexations of same land
Initiation of annexation
Direct negotiations
Report on negotiations
Disposition of report
General agreement on proposed annexation
No general agreement on proposed annexation
Notice of hearing and costs
Board’s report
Contents of report
5

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

125
126
127
127.1
128
128.1

Annexation order
Annexation order without report
Contents of order
Public utilities
Annexation refused
Regulations
Division 7
Dissolution

129
130
130.1
130.2
130.3
133
134
134.1

Application
Viability review
Completion of viability review
Vote
Dismissal
Dissolution order
Tax
Transitional
Division 8
General Provisions

135
136
137
138
139
140
141

Effect of certain orders
Power to effectuate transfer of land and other property
Transitional and other matters
Retroactivity of orders
Orders published
Regulations Act
Location of boundaries

Part 4.1
City Charters
141.1
141.2
141.3
141.4
141.5
141.6
141.7
141.8
141.9

Interpretation
Purpose of Part
Establishment of charter
Proposed charter must be published on website
Elements of charter
Charter prevails
Retroactive operation of charter
No effect on status of charter city
Existing rights and obligations not affected

6

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Part 5
Councils, Councillors and Council Committees
Division 1
Councils and Council Committees
142
143
144
144.1
145
146

Councils as governing bodies
Number of councillors for municipalities
Bylaw changing number of councillors
Bylaws respecting maternity and parental
leave for councillors
Bylaws - council and council committees
Composition of council committees
Division 1.1
Codes of Conduct

146.1

Bylaws — codes of conduct
Division 2
Elections, Appointments and Ward System

147
148
149
150
151
152

Election of councillors
Division of municipality into wards
Passing bylaw
Election or appointment of chief elected official
Passing bylaw
Deputy and acting chief elected officials
Division 3
Duties, Titles and Oaths of Councillors

153
153.1
154
155
156

General duties of councillors
Duty of chief administrative officer
General duties of chief elected official
Titles of chief elected official and other councillors
Taking of oath
Division 4
Term of Office

157
158
159

Local Authorities Election Act
Extension of term
Appointed chief elected officials
Division 5
Vacancies and Quorum

160
161

Positions unfilled at general election
Resignation
7

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

162
163
164
165
166
167
168

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Vacancy in position of councillor
Chief elected official (elected) vacancy
Chief elected official (appointed) vacancy
Election day
Minister orders by-election
Quorum
No quorum
Division 6
Pecuniary Interest of Councillors

169
170
171
172
173

Definitions
Pecuniary interest
Bylaw requiring statement of disclosure
Disclosure of pecuniary interest
Effect of pecuniary interest on agreements
Division 7
Disqualification of Councillors

174

Reasons for disqualification
Division 8
Enforcement of Disqualification

175
176
177
178
179

Resignation on disqualification
Decision on disqualification application
Inadvertence or genuine error
Appeal
Reimbursement of costs and expenses
Division 9
Council Proceedings
Requirements for Valid Action

180
181

Methods in which council may act
Requirements for valid bylaw or resolution
Voting

182
183
184
185
185.1
186

Restriction to one vote per person
Requirement to vote and abstentions
Abstention from voting on matter discussed at public hearing
Recording of votes
Secret ballot
Tied vote

8

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Passing a Bylaw
187
188
189
190
191

Bylaw readings
Rescission of previous bylaw readings
Passing of bylaw
Coming into force
Amendment and repeal
Meetings

192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200

Organizational meetings
Regular council meetings
Special council meetings
Council committee meetings
Method of giving notice
Public presence at meetings
Right of public to be present
Meeting through electronic communications
Power to require taking of oath

Part 6
Municipal Organization and Administration
201
201.1
202
203
204
205
205.1
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
212.1
213
214
215

Council’s principal role in municipal organization
Orientation training
Exercise of certain powers and duties
Delegation by council
Municipal office
Establishment of chief administrative officer
Performance evaluation
Appointment, suspension and revocation
Chief administrative officer’s responsibilities
Performance of major administrative duties
Delegation by chief administrative officer
Designated officers
Revocation
Delegation by designated officer
Fidelity bond
Signing or authorization of municipal documents
Destruction of records
Prohibition of certain agreements with employees

Part 7
Public Participation
216.1

Public participation policy
9

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

217

What information must a municipality provide
Petitions

219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
226.1
226.2

Rules for petitions
CAO duties
Petition sufficiency requirements
Who can petition
Number of petitioners
Other requirements for a petition
Counting petitioners
Report on sufficiency of petition
Bylaws modifying petition requirements
Protection of personal information in petitions
Meetings with the Public

227
228
229

Advertising
Improper conduct
Petition for meeting
Public Hearings

230

When to hold public hearing
Petitions for Vote of the Electors Advertised Bylaws and Resolutions

231

Petition for vote on advertised bylaws and resolutions
Petitions for Vote of the Electors New Bylaws

232
233
234
235

Petition for bylaw
Council’s duty on receiving certain petition
Petitions respecting public vote bylaws
Result of a vote on a question
Vote of the Electors - General Provisions

236
237
238
239
240

Electors to vote on a question
Local Authorities Election Act
Delaying votes
One year moratorium on similar subject-matter
Amendments or repeal of bylaws or resolutions
voted on by electors

10

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Part 8
Financial Administration
241

Definitions
Budgets

242
243
244
245
246
247
248
248.1
249

Adoption of operating budget
Contents of operating budget
Financial shortfall
Adoption of capital budget
Contents of capital budget
Tax bylaws
Expenditure of money
Annual budget
Civil liability of councillors
Investments

250

Authorized investments
Borrowing

251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263

Borrowing bylaw
Debt limit
Use of borrowed money
Capital property
Exemption from borrowing conditions
Operating expenditures
Capital property - short-term borrowing
Capital property - long-term borrowing
Capital property - interim financing
Special works
Refinancing
Services or activities that are funded by agreement
Local improvements
Loans and Guarantees

264
265
266
268
268.1

Purpose of loans and guarantees
Loan bylaws
Guarantee bylaw
Debt limit
Financial records and receipts
General Matters

269

Financial year
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270
271
272
273
274
275
275.1

Municipal accounts
Regulations
Seal and signatures
Validity of borrowings, loans and guarantees
Application of money borrowed
Civil liability of councillors
Expense allowance
Annual Financial Statements and Auditor’s Report

276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283

Annual financial statements
Financial information return
Returns and reports to Minister
Financial statements for controlled corporations
Auditors
Auditor’s reports
Auditor appointed by Minister
Access to information by auditors
Financial Plans and Capital Plans

283.1

Required plans

Part 9
Assessment of Property
284
284.1
284.2

Interpretation provisions for Parts 9 to 12
Provincial assessor
Municipal assessor
Division 1
Preparation of Assessments

285
289
290
290.1
290.2
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298

Preparing annual assessments
Assessments for property other than
designated industrial property
Land to be assessed as a parcel
Assessment of condominium unit
Assessment of strata space
Rules for assessing improvements
Assessments for designated industrial property
Duties of assessors
Right to enter on and inspect property
Duty to provide information
Court authorized inspection and enforcement
Assigning assessment classes to property
Non-assessable property
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299
299.1
299.2
300
300.1
301
301.1

Access to municipal assessment record
Access to provincial assessment record
Municipal access to provincial assessment record
Access to summary of municipal assessment
Access to summary of provincial assessment
Right to release assessment information
Relationship to Freedom of Information and Protection
of Privacy Act
Division 2
Assessment Roll

302
303
303.1
304
305
305.1
306
307

Preparation of roll
Contents of roll
Contents of provincial assessment roll
Recording assessed persons
Correction of roll
Report to Minister
Severability of roll
Inspection of roll
Division 3
Assessment Notices

308
308.1
309
310
311
312

Assessment notices
Notice of assessment date
Contents of assessment notice
Sending assessment notices
Publication of notice
Correction of notice
Division 4
Preparation of Supplementary Assessments

313
314
314.1
315
316
316.1

Bylaw
Supplementary assessment
Supplementary assessment re designated
industrial property
Supplementary assessment roll
Supplementary assessment notices
Contents of supplementary assessment notice
Division 5
Equalized Assessments

317
317.1

Definition
Supplementary assessments
13

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318
319
320
321

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Preparation of equalized assessments
Duty to provide information
Sending equalized assessments to municipalities
Appeal of equalized assessment
Division 6
General Powers of the Minister Relating to Assessments and
Equalized Assessments

322
322.1
323
324
325

Regulations
Validation of Minister’s Guidelines
Minister’s power to prepare assessments
Minister’s power to quash assessments
Minister’s power to alter an equalized assessment

Part 10
Taxation
Division 1
General Provisions
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
333.1
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348

Definitions
Tax roll
Duty to provide information
Contents of tax roll
Correction of roll
Person liable to pay taxes
Taxes imposed on January 1
Tax notices
Tax agreements
Contents of tax notice
Sending tax notices
Certification of date of sending tax notice
Deemed receipt of tax notice
Correction of tax notice
Incentives
Instalments
Deemed receipt of tax payment
Receipt for payment of taxes
Application of tax payment
Penalty for non-payment in current year
Penalty for non-payment in other years
Penalties
Cancellation, reduction, refund or deferral of taxes
Tax becomes debt to municipality
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

349
350
351
352

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Fire insurance proceeds
Tax certificates
Non-taxable property
Limitation on time for starting proceedings
Division 2
Property Tax

353
354
355
356
357
357.1
358.1
359
359.1
359.2
359.3
359.4
360
361
362
362.1
363
364
364.1
365
366
367
368
369
370

Property tax bylaw
Tax rates
Calculating tax rates
Calculating amount of tax
Special provision of property tax bylaw
Tax rate for residential property
Maximum tax ratio
Requisitions
Alberta School Foundation Fund requisitions
School board requisitions
Designated industrial property assessment requisitions
Cancellation, reduction, refund or deferral of taxes
Tax agreement
Exemptions based on use of property
Exemptions for Government, churches and other bodies
Electric energy generation systems exemptions
Exempt property that can be made taxable
Exemptions granted by bylaw
Brownfield tax incentives
Licensed premises
Grants in place of taxes
Property that is partly exempt and partly taxable
Changes in taxable status of property
Supplementary property tax bylaw
Regulations
Division 3
Business Tax

371
372
373
374
374.1
375
376
377

Business tax bylaw
Taxable business
Person liable to pay business tax
Contents of business tax bylaw
Assessment not required
Exempt businesses
Exemption when tax is payable under Division 2
Business tax rate bylaw
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

378
379
380

Calculating amount of tax
Supplementary business tax bylaw
Grants in place of taxes
Division 4
Business Improvement Area Tax

381

Regulations
Division 4.1
Community Revitalization Levy

381.1
381.2
381.3
381.4
381.5

Definitions
Community revitalization levy bylaw
Person liable to pay levy
Incremental assessed value not subject to equalized
assessment or requisition
Regulations
Division 5
Special Tax

382
383
384
385
386
387

Special tax bylaw
Taxable property
Contents of special tax bylaw
Condition
Use of revenue
Person liable to pay special tax
Division 6
Well Drilling Equipment Tax

388
389
390

Well drilling equipment tax bylaw
Person liable to pay the tax
Calculation of the tax
Division 7
Local Improvement Tax

391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399

Definition
Petitioning rules
Proposal of local improvement
Local improvement plan
Contents of plan
Procedure after plan is prepared
Local improvement tax bylaw
Contents of bylaw
Start-up of a local improvement
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400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409

Person liable to pay local improvement tax
Paying off a local improvement tax
Variation of local improvement tax bylaw
Variation of local improvement tax rate
Unusual parcels
Municipality’s share of the cost
Land required for local improvement
Exemption from local improvement tax
Sewers
Private connection to a local improvement
Division 7.1
Community Aggregate Payment Levy

409.1
409.2
409.3

Community aggregate payment levy bylaw
Person liable to pay levy
Regulations
Division 8
Recovery of Taxes Related to Land

410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
425.1
426
427
428
428.1
428.2
429
429.1

Definitions
Methods of recovering taxes in arrears
Tax arrears list
Tax recovery notification
Removal of improvements
Right to pay tax arrears
Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears
Warning of sale
Offer of parcel for sale
Reserve bid and conditions of sale
Right to possession
Advertisement of public auction
Adjournment of auction
Right to a clear title
Transfer of parcel to municipality
Right to dispose of parcel
Minister’s authority to transfer parcel
Revival of title on payment of arrears
Separate account for sale proceeds
Distribution of surplus sale proceeds
Payment of undistributed money to municipality
Transfer to municipality after 15 years
Prohibited bidding and buying
Right to place tax arrears on new parcels of land
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430
431
432
433
434
434.1
435
436

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Minerals
Acquisition of minerals
Right of way
When parcel becomes part of another municipality
Non-liability for condition of land
Action for condition of land prohibited
Continuation of proceedings
Deemed compliance with Act
Division 8.1
Recovery of Taxes Related to
Designated Manufactured Homes

436.01
436.02
436.03
436.04
436.05
436.06
436.07
436.08
436.09
436.1
436.11
436.12
436.13
436.14
436.15
436.16
436.17
436.18
436.19
436.2
436.21
436.22
436.23
436.24

Definitions
Methods of recovering taxes in arrears
Tax arrears list
Costs of recovery
Removal of designated manufactured home or improvements
Right to pay tax arrears
Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears
Warning of sale
Offer of designated manufactured home for sale
Reserve bid and conditions for sale
Right to possession
Advertisement of public auction
Adjournment of auction
Unencumbered ownership
Right to sell or dispose of designated manufactured home
Payment of tax arrears
Separate account for sale proceeds
Distribution of surplus sale proceeds
Payment of undistributed money to municipality
Transfer to municipality after 10 years
Prohibited bidding and buying
Manufactured home moved to another municipality
Regulations
Reporting requirements
Division 9
Recovery of Taxes Not Related to Land

437
438
439
440

Definitions
Methods of recovering taxes in arrears
Right to issue distress warrant
Seizure of goods
18

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Goods affected by distress warrant
Date for issuing distress warrant
Right to pay tax arrears
Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears
Sale of property
Date of public auction
Exception to sale at auction
Transfer to municipality
Separate account for sale proceeds
Distribution of surplus sale proceeds
Seizure of designated manufactured home
Regulations

Part 11
Assessment Review Boards
Division 1
Establishment and Function of Assessment Review Boards
453
454
454.1
454.11
454.2
454.21
454.3
455
456
457
458
459
460
460.1
461
462
463
464
464.1
465
466

Interpretation
Assessment review boards to be established
Appointment of members to local assessment review board
Panels of local assessment review board
Appointment of members to composite assessment review board
Panels of composite assessment review board
Qualifications of members
Joint establishment of assessment review boards
Clerk
Replacement of panel members
Quorum
Decision
Complaints
Jurisdiction of assessment review boards
Address to which a complaint is sent
Notice of assessment review board hearing
Absence from hearing
Proceedings before assessment review board
Hearings open to public
Notice to attend or produce
Protection of witnesses
Division 2
Decisions of Assessment Review Boards

467

Decisions of assessment review board
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

467.1
468
468.1
468.2
469
470
471

Appeal to composite assessment review board
Assessment review board decisions
Costs of proceedings
Effect of order relating to costs
Notice of decision
Judicial review
Technical irregularities
Division 4
General Matters

476.1
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
484.1

Referral of unfair assessment to Minister
Required changes to rolls
Right to continue proceedings
Obligation to pay taxes
Prohibition
Fees
Admissible evidence at hearing
Decision admissible by judicial review
Immunity
Regulations

Part 12
Municipal Government Board
485

Definitions
Division 1
Establishment and Jurisdiction of the
Municipal Government Board

486
487
487.1
488
488.01
488.1
489
490

Appointment of Board members
Panels of the Board
Qualifications of members
Jurisdiction of the Board
ALSA regional plans
Limit on Board’s jurisdiction
Quorum
Decision
Division 2
Hearings Before the Board

491
492
493
494

Form of complaint
Complaints about designated industrial property
Duty of administrator on receiving statement
Notice of hearing before the Board
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495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
507
508

Absence from hearing
Proceedings before the Board
Notice to attend or produce
Protection of witnesses
Decisions of the Board
Board decisions
Costs of proceedings
Effect of decision relating to costs
Extension of time
Rehearing
Notice of decision
Technical irregularities
Intervention by municipality
Division 3
Judicial Review of Board Decisions

508.1

Judicial Review of Board Decisions
Division 4
Inquiries by the Board

514
515

Referrals to the Board
Report
Division 5
General Matters

516
517
518
519
520
521
523
524
525
525.1
526
527
527.1

Referral of unfair assessment to Minister
Required changes to rolls
Right to continue proceedings
Obligation to pay taxes
Prohibition
Power of Board re contempt
Rules re procedures
Powers of the Board
Admissible evidence at hearing
Hearings open to public
Decision admissible on judicial review
Immunity
Regulations

21

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Part 13
Liability of Municipalities, Enforcement of Municipal
Law and Other Legal Matters
Division 1
Liability of Municipalities
527.2
528
529
530
531
532
533
534

Acting in accordance with statutory authority
Non-negligence actions
Exercise of discretion
Inspections and maintenance
Snow on roads
Repair of roads, public places and public works
Things on or adjacent to roads
Public works affecting land
Division 2
Liability of Councillors and Others

535
535.1
535.2

Protection of councillors and municipal officers
Protection of sporting commissions
Protection of fire service organizations
Division 3
Challenging Bylaws and Resolutions

536
537
538
539
540

Application to the Court of Queen’s Bench
Procedure
Validity relating to public participation
Reasonableness
Effect of councillor being disqualified
Division 4
Enforcement of Municipal Law

541
542
543
544
545
546
546.1
547
548
549
550
551

Definitions
Municipal inspections and enforcement
Court authorized inspections and enforcement
Inspecting meters
Order to remedy contraventions
Order to remedy dangers and unsightly property
Caveat
Review by council
Appeal to Court of Queen’s Bench
Municipality remedying contraventions
Municipality remedying dangers and unsightly property
Emergencies
22

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

552
553
553.1
553.2
554
554.1
555
556

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Recovery of amounts owing by civil action
Adding amounts owing to tax roll
Adding amounts owing to property tax roll
Adding amounts owing to business tax roll
Injunction
Municipality’s costs in actions
Bylaw enforcement officers
Powers and duties of bylaw enforcement officers
Division 5
Offences and Penalties

557
558
559
560
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569

General offences
Offences applicable to officials
Unauthorized use of heraldic emblems
Documents used to enforce bylaws
Obstructing construction of public work or utilities
Stop-cock
Operating a business without a licence
Prosecutions
Penalty
Order for compliance
Fines and penalties
Civil liability not affected

Part 14
General Ministerial Powers
570
570.01
570.1
571
572
573
574
575
575.1
575.2
576
577
578
579
579.1
580

Intermunicipal disagreements
Measures to ensure compliance with ALSA regional plans
Information
Inspection
Inquiry
Bank accounts
Directions and dismissal
Official administrator as supervisor
Reports of official administrators
Enforcement where municipality under supervision
Remuneration for official administrator
Providing Minister with copies and information
Delegation
Fees
Minister’s decisions
Regulations

23

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Part 15
Improvement Districts
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
588.1
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602

Formation order
Contents of order
Changes to improvement districts
Orders published
Regulations Act
Application of other enactments
General power of Minister
Council
Expense allowance
Delegation by Minister
Hamlets
Employees
Roads
Estimate of expenditures
Machinery and equipment and designated industrial property
Trust account for revenue
Expenditures
Public accounts
Settlement of accounts
Investments
Borrowing
Acquisition of land
Agreements for services

Part 15.1
Regional Services Commissions
602.01

Interpretation
Division 1
Establishment and Operation

602.02
602.021
602.03
602.04
602.05
602.06
602.07
602.08
602.09

Establishing commissions
Compliance with ALSA regional plans
Corporation
Board of directors
Directors representing Province
Delegation
Bylaws
Meetings
Control of profit corporations

24

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Division 2
Powers
602.1
602.11
602.12
602.125
602.13
602.14
602.15
602.16

Natural person powers
Service area
Traffic Safety Act
Acquisition of land in adjoining province or territory
Expropriation
Public utility disputes
Other disputes
Order
Division 3
Financial Matters

602.17
602.18
602.19
602.2
602.21
602.22
602.23
602.24
602.25
602.26
602.27
602.28
602.29
602.3
602.31
602.32
602.33
602.34

Payments to board
Financial year
Operating budget
Contents of operating budget
Deficiency
Capital budget
Contents of capital budget
Expenditure of money
Civil liability of directors
Authorized investments
Use of borrowed money
Borrowing
Debt limit regulations
Civil liability of directors
Loans and guarantees
Financial information return
Audited financial statements
Distribution of returns and statements
Division 4
Minister’s Powers

602.35
602.36
602.37
602.371
602.372
602.38
602.381
602.39

Inspection
Directions and dismissal
Official administrator as supervisor
Reports of official administrators
Enforcement where regional services commission under
supervision
Remuneration for official administrator
Providing Minister with copies and information
Application of provisions outside this Part
25

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

602.4

Disestablishing a commission
Division 5
Transitional

602.5

Transitional regulations

Part 16
Miscellaneous
603
603.1
604
605
606
606.1
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
615
615.1
615.2

Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations
Validation of regulations
Ministerial regulations
Altering dates and time periods
Requirements for advertising
Advertisement bylaw
Service of documents
Sending documents
Adverse possession of land
Lost or unclaimed property
Unclaimed utility deposits
Certified copies
Calgary Charter
Crowsnest Pass
Municipal emergency exemption
Agreements under Aeronautics Act (Canada)

Part 17
Planning and Development
616
617
618
618.1
618.2

Definitions
Purpose of this Part
Non-application of this Part
Exemption
Bylaws binding
Division 1
Other Authorizations, Compensation

619
620
621

NRCB, ERCB, AEUB or AUC authorizations
Conditions prevail
Compensation
Division 2
Land Use Policies

622

Land use policies

26

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Division 3
Planning Authorities
623
624
625
626
627,628
628.1
629
630
630.1
630.2

Subdivision authority
Development authority
Intermunicipal service agency
Municipal planning commission
Appeal board established
Immunity
Appeal board evidence
Signature evidence
Fees
Compliance with ALSA regional plans
Division 4
Statutory Plans
Intermunicipal Development Plans

631
631.1

Intermunicipal development plan
Order for intermunicipal development plan
Municipal Development Plans

632

Municipal development plan
Area Structure Plans

633

Area structure plan
Area Redevelopment Plans

634
635

Area redevelopment plans
Plan contents
General Provisions

636
637
638
638.1
638.2

Statutory plan preparation
Effect of plans
Plans consistent
Conflict with ALSA regional plans
Listing and publishing of policies
Division 5
Land Use

639
639.1
640
640.1

Land use bylaw
Protection of agricultural operations
Land use bylaw
Alternative time periods for applications
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641
642
643
644
645
646

Designation of direct control districts
Permitted and discretionary uses
Non-conforming use and non-conforming buildings
Acquisition of land designated for public use
Stop order
Enforcement of stop order
Division 6
Development Levies and Conditions

647
648
648.01
648.1
649
650
651
651.1
651.2

Redevelopment levies
Off-site levy
Intermunicipal off-site levy
Appeal of off-site levy
Levy bylaws
Condition of issuing development permit
Agreements re oversize improvements
Restrictive covenant
Encroachment agreements
Division 7
Subdivision of Land

652
653
653.1
654
655
656
657
658
659
660

Subdivision approval required
Application for subdivision approval
Subdivision applications
Approval of application
Conditions of subdivision approval
Decision
Subdivision registration
Cancellation of plan of subdivision
Collection of taxes
Cancellation registered
Division 8
Reserve Land, Land for Roads and Utilities

661
661.1
662
663
664
664.1
664.2
665
666

Land dedication
Land for conservation reserve
Roads, utilities, etc.
Reserves not required
Environmental reserve
Agreement respecting environmental reserve
Conservation reserve
Designation of municipal land
Municipal and school reserves
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667
668
669
670

Money in place of municipal, school reserve
Additional municipal and school reserve
Deferment of municipal and school reserves
Allocation of municipal and school reserve
Division 9
Use and Disposal of Reserve Land

671
672
673
674
674.1
674.2
675
676
677

Use of reserve land, money
Transfer of school and other reserves to municipality
Transfer to school authority
Disposal of municipal and school reserve
Disposal of conservation reserve
Removal of designation as conservation reserve
Removal of designation as municipal reserve
Changes to environmental reserve’s use or boundaries
Road, etc., over reserve land
Division 10
Subdivision and Development Appeals
Subdivision Appeals

678
679
680
681
682

Appeals
Notice of hearing
Hearing and decision
Failure to make decision
Endorsement of subdivision plan
Development Permits

683
683.1

Permit
Development applications
Development Appeals

684
685
686
687

Permit deemed refused
Grounds for appeal
Appeals
Hearing and decision
Court of Appeal

688
689

Law, jurisdiction appeals
Decision on appeal

29

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Division 11
Intermunicipal Disputes
690
691

Intermunicipal disputes
Board hearing
Division 12
Bylaws, Regulations

692
693
693.1
694

Planning bylaws
Airport vicinity regulations
Development in floodways
Regulations
Division 13
Transitional

697

Zoning caveat

Part 17.1
Growth Management Boards
708.01
708.011

Interpretation
Purpose
Division 1
Establishment and Operation of Growth
Management Boards

708.02
708.03
708.04
708.041
708.05
708.06
708.07
708.08
708.09

Establishing growth management board
Corporation
Appointment of representative
Meetings of growth management board
Powers and duties of growth management board
Compliance with ALSA regional plans
Delegation
Bylaws
Annual report of growth management board
Division 2
Approval and Effective Date of Growth Plan

708.1
708.11

Approval of growth plan
Effective date of growth plan
Division 3
Effect of Growth Plan

708.12
708.13

Actions must conform with growth plan
Plan prevails
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708.14
708.15

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Conformity with growth plan
Conflict with ALSA regional plans
Division 4
General Matters

708.16
708.17
708.18
708.19
708.2
708.21
708.22
708.23
708.24
708.25

Effect of regulation on existing statutory plans
Information must be provided
Matters before the Municipal Government Board
Limitation of actions
No remedy
Proceedings barred
No expropriation or injurious affection
Appeal or dispute resolution mechanism
Ministerial orders
Transitional

Part 18
Transitional Provisions
710

Transitional regulations
Preamble

WHEREAS Alberta’s municipalities, governed by democratically
elected officials, are established by the Province, and are
empowered to provide responsible and accountable local
governance in order to create and sustain safe and viable
communities;
WHEREAS Alberta’s municipalities play an important role in
Alberta’s economic, environmental and social prosperity today and
in the future;
WHEREAS the Government of Alberta recognizes the importance
of working together with Alberta’s municipalities in a spirit of
partnership to co-operatively and collaboratively advance the
interests of Albertans generally; and
WHEREAS the Government of Alberta recognizes that Alberta’s
municipalities have varying interests and capacity levels that
require flexible approaches to support local, intermunicipal and
regional needs;
THEREFORE HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and
consent of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, enacts as follows:
Interpretation

1(1) In this Act,
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(a) “ALSA regional plan” means a regional plan as defined in
the Alberta Land Stewardship Act;
(a.1) “business” means
(i) a commercial, merchandising or industrial activity or
undertaking,
(ii) a profession, trade, occupation, calling or
employment, or
(iii) an activity providing goods or services,
whether or not for profit and however organized or
formed, including a co-operative or association of
persons;
(b) “by-election” means an election to fill a vacancy on a
council other than at a general election;
(c) “chief administrative officer” means a person appointed to
a position under section 205;
(d) “chief elected official” means the person elected or
appointed as chief elected official under section 150;
(e) “council” means
(i) the council of a city, town, village, summer village,
municipal district or specialized municipality,
(ii) repealed 1995 c24 s2,
(iii) the council of a town under the Parks Towns Act, or
(iv) the council of a municipality incorporated by a
special Act;
(f) “council committee” means a committee, board or other
body established by a council under this Act but does not
include an assessment review board established under
section 454 or a subdivision and development appeal
board established under section 627;
(g) “councillor” includes the chief elected official;
(h) “designated officer” means a person appointed to a
position established under section 210(1);
(i) “elector” means a person who is eligible to vote in the
election for a councillor under the Local Authorities
Election Act;
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(j) “enactment” means
(i) an Act of the Legislature of Alberta and a regulation
made under an Act of the Legislature of Alberta, and
(ii) an Act of the Parliament of Canada and a statutory
instrument made under an Act of the Parliament of
Canada,
but does not include a bylaw made by a council;
(k) “general election” means an election held to fill vacancies
on council caused by the passage of time, and includes a
first election;
(k.1) “growth management board” means a growth
management board established under Part 17.1;
(k.2) “Indian band” means a band within the meaning of the
Indian Act (Canada);
(k.3) “Indian reserve” means a reserve within the meaning of
the Indian Act (Canada);
(l) “Land Compensation Board” means the Land
Compensation Board established under the Expropriation
Act;
(m) “local authority” means
(i) a municipal authority,
(ii) a regional health authority under the Regional Health
Authorities Act,
(iii) a regional services commission, and
(iv) the board of trustees of a district or division as
defined in the School Act;
(n) “market value” means the amount that a property, as
defined in section 284(1)(r), might be expected to realize
if it is sold on the open market by a willing seller to a
willing buyer;
(o) “Minister” means the Minister determined under section
16 of the Government Organization Act as the Minister
responsible for this Act;
(p) “municipal authority” means a municipality, improvement
district and special area and, if the context requires, in the
case of an improvement district and special area,
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Chapter M-26

(i) the geographical area of the improvement district or
special area, or
(ii) the Minister, where the improvement district or
special area is authorized or required to act;
(q) “Municipal Government Board” means the Municipal
Government Board established under Part 12, and
includes any panel of the Board;
(r) “municipal purposes” means the purposes set out in
section 3;
(s) “municipality” means
(i) a city, town, village, summer village, municipal
district or specialized municipality,
(ii) repealed 1995 c24 s2,
(iii) a town under the Parks Towns Act, or
(iv) a municipality formed by special Act,
or, if the context requires, the geographical area within the
boundaries of a municipality described in subclauses (i) to
(iv);
(t) “natural person powers” means the capacity, rights,
powers and privileges of a natural person;
(u) “owner” means
(i) in respect of unpatented land, the Crown,
(ii) in respect of other land, the person who is registered
under the Land Titles Act as the owner of the fee
simple estate in the land, and
(iii) in respect of any property other than land, the person
in lawful possession of it;
(v) “parcel of land” means
(i) where there has been a subdivision, any lot or block
shown on a plan of subdivision that has been
registered in a land titles office;
(ii) where a building affixed to the land that would
without special mention be transferred by a transfer
of land has been erected on 2 or more lots or blocks
shown on a plan of subdivision that has been
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Chapter M-26

registered in a land titles office, all those lots or
blocks;
(iii) a quarter section of land according to the system of
surveys under the Surveys Act or any other area of
land described on a certificate of title;
(w) “pecuniary interest” means pecuniary interest within the
meaning of Part 5, Division 6;
(x) “population” means population as defined and determined
in accordance with the regulations;
(y) “public utility” means a system or works used to provide
one or more of the following for public consumption,
benefit, convenience or use:
(i) water or steam;
(ii) sewage disposal;
(iii) public transportation operated by or on behalf of the
municipality;
(iv) irrigation;
(v) drainage;
(vi) fuel;
(vii) electric power;
(viii) heat;
(ix) waste management;
(x) residential and commercial street lighting,
and includes the thing that is provided for public
consumption, benefit, convenience or use;
(y.1) “regional services commission” means a regional services
commission under Part 15.1;
(z) “road” means land
(i) shown as a road on a plan of survey that has been
filed or registered in a land titles office, or
(ii) used as a public road,

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Chapter M-26

and includes a bridge forming part of a public road and
any structure incidental to a public road;
(z.1) “summer village residence” means a parcel of land having
at least one building the whole or any part of which was
designed or intended for, or is used as, a residence by one
person or as a shared residence by 2 or more persons,
whether on a permanent, seasonal or occasional basis;
(aa) “tax” means
(i) a property tax,
(ii) a business tax,
(iii) a business improvement area tax,
(iii.1) a community revitalization levy,
(iv) a special tax,
(v) a well drilling equipment tax,
(vi) a local improvement tax, and
(vii) a community aggregate payment levy;
(bb) “taxpayer” means a person liable to pay a tax;
(cc) “whole council” means
(i) all of the councillors that comprise the council under
section 143,
(ii) if there is a vacancy on council and the council is not
required to hold a by-election under section 162 or
163, the remaining councillors, or
(iii) if there is a vacancy on council and the Minister
orders that the remaining councillors constitute a
quorum under section 160 or 168, the remaining
councillors.
(1.1) The Minister may make regulations defining “meeting” for
the purposes of one or more provisions of this Act and the
regulations.
(1.2) In this Act, a reference to a body of water is to be interpreted
as a reference to
(a) a permanent and naturally occurring water body, or
36

Section 2

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(b) a naturally occurring river, stream, watercourse or lake.
(2) For the purposes of this Act, a municipality or group of
municipalities controls a corporation if
(a) the municipality or group of municipalities hold, other
than by way of security only, securities of the corporation
to which are attached more than 50% of the votes that
may be cast to elect directors of the corporation and, if
exercised, are sufficient to elect a majority of the directors
of the corporation, or
(b) all or a majority of its members or directors are appointed
by the municipality or group of municipalities.
(2.1) For the purposes of the definition of “summer village
residence” in subsection (1)(z.1), “building” includes a
manufactured home, mobile home, modular home or travel trailer
but does not include a tent.
(3) For the purposes of this Act, a meeting or part of a meeting is
considered to be closed to the public if
(a) any members of the public are not permitted to attend the
entire meeting or part of the meeting,
(b) the council, committee or other body holding the meeting
instructs any member of the public to leave the meeting or
part of the meeting, other than for improper conduct, or
(c) the council, committee or other body holding the meeting
holds any discussions separate from the public during the
meeting or part of the meeting.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s1;2005 c14 s2;2013 c17 s2;
2015 c8 s2;2016 c24 s4;2017 c13 s1(2);2017 c22 s38

Application of Act

2(1) This Act applies to all municipalities and improvement
districts.
(2) If there is an inconsistency between this Act and
(a) repealed 1995 c24 s3,
(b) the Parks Towns Act, or
(c) a special Act forming a municipality,
the other Act prevails.
1994 cM-26.1 s2;1995 c24 s3

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Section 2.1

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Indian reserves

2.1 No municipality, improvement district or special area
constituted under the Special Areas Act includes land set apart as
an Indian reserve.
2016 c24 s5;2017 c13 s2(2)

Part 1
Purposes, Powers and Capacity
of Municipalities
Municipal purposes

3 The purposes of a municipality are
(a) to provide good government,
(a.1) to foster the well-being of the environment,
(b) to provide services, facilities or other things that, in the
opinion of council, are necessary or desirable for all or a
part of the municipality, and
(c) to develop and maintain safe and viable communities.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s3;2017 c13 s1(3)

Corporation

4 A municipality is a corporation.
1994 cM-26.1 s4

Powers, duties and functions

5 A municipality
(a) has the powers given to it by this and other enactments,
(b) has the duties that are imposed on it by this and other
enactments and those that the municipality imposes on
itself as a matter of policy, and
(c) has the functions that are described in this and other
enactments.
1994 cM-26.1 s5

Natural person powers

6 A municipality has natural person powers, except to the extent
that they are limited by this or any other enactment.
1994 cM-26.1 s6

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Section 7

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Part 2
Bylaws
Division 1
General Jurisdiction
General jurisdiction to pass bylaws

7 A council may pass bylaws for municipal purposes respecting
the following matters:
(a) the safety, health and welfare of people and the protection
of people and property;
(b) people, activities and things in, on or near a public place
or place that is open to the public;
(c) nuisances, including unsightly property;
(d) transport and transportation systems;
(e) businesses, business activities and persons engaged in
business;
(f) services provided by or on behalf of the municipality;
(g) public utilities;
(h) wild and domestic animals and activities in relation to
them;
(i) the enforcement of bylaws made under this or any other
enactment, including any or all of the following:
(i) the creation of offences;
(ii) for each offence, imposing a fine not exceeding
$10 000 or imprisonment for not more than one year,
or both;
(iii) providing for the imposition of a penalty for an
offence that is in addition to a fine or imprisonment
so long as the penalty relates to a fee, cost, rate, toll
or charge that is associated with the conduct that
gives rise to the offence;
(iv) providing that a specified penalty prescribed under
section 44 of the Provincial Offences Procedure Act
is reduced by a specified amount if the penalty is
paid within a specified time;

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Section 8

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(v) providing for imprisonment for not more than one
year for non-payment of a fine or penalty;
(vi) providing that a person who contravenes a bylaw
may pay an amount established by bylaw and if the
amount is paid, the person will not be prosecuted for
the contravention;
(vii) providing for inspections to determine if bylaws are
being complied with;
(viii) remedying contraventions of bylaws.
1994 cM-26.1 s7

Powers under bylaws

8 Without restricting section 7, a council may in a bylaw passed
under this Division
(a) regulate or prohibit;
(b) deal with any development, activity, industry, business or
thing in different ways, divide each of them into classes
and deal with each class in different ways;
(c) provide for a system of licences, permits or approvals,
including any or all of the following:
(i) establishing fees for licences, permits and approvals,
including fees for licences, permits and approvals
that may be in the nature of a reasonable tax for the
activity authorized or for the purpose of raising
revenue;
(ii) establishing fees for licences, permits and approvals
that are higher for persons or businesses who do not
reside or maintain a place of business in the
municipality;
(iii) prohibiting any development, activity, industry,
business or thing until a licence, permit or approval
has been granted;
(iv) providing that terms and conditions may be imposed
on any licence, permit or approval, the nature of the
terms and conditions and who may impose them;
(v) setting out the conditions that must be met before a
licence, permit or approval is granted or renewed, the
nature of the conditions and who may impose them;

40

Section 9

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(vi) providing for the duration of licences, permits and
approvals and their suspension or cancellation for
failure to comply with a term or condition or the
bylaw or for any other reason specified in the bylaw;
(c.1) establish and specify the fees, rates, fares, tariffs or
charges that may be charged for the hire of taxis or
limousines;
(d) provide for an appeal, the body that is to decide the appeal
and related matters.
1994 cM-26.1 s8;1998 c24 s2

Guides to interpreting power to pass bylaws

9 The power to pass bylaws under this Division is stated in
general terms to
(a) give broad authority to councils and to respect their right
to govern municipalities in whatever way the councils
consider appropriate, within the jurisdiction given to them
under this or any other enactment, and
(b) enhance the ability of councils to respond to present and
future issues in their municipalities.
1994 cM-26.1 s9

Bylaw passing powers in other enactments

10(1) In this section, “specific bylaw passing power” means a
municipality’s power or duty to pass a bylaw that is set out in an
enactment other than this Division, but does not include a
municipality’s natural person powers.
(2) If a bylaw could be passed under this Division and under a
specific bylaw passing power, the bylaw passed under this Division
is subject to any conditions contained in the specific bylaw passing
power.
(3) If there is an inconsistency between a bylaw passed under this
Division and one passed under a specific bylaw passing power, the
bylaw passed under this Division is of no effect to the extent that it
is inconsistent with the specific bylaw passing power.
1994 cM-26.1 s10

Relationship to natural person powers

11(1) Despite section 180(2), a municipality may do something
under its natural person powers even if the thing could be done
under a bylaw passed under this Division.
(2) Section 7(i) does not apply to a bylaw passed under a
municipality’s natural person powers.
1994 cM-26.1 s11

41

Section 12

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Division 2
Scope of Bylaws
Geographic area of bylaws

12 A bylaw of a municipality applies only inside its boundaries
unless
(a) one municipality agrees with another municipality that a
bylaw passed by one municipality has effect inside the
boundaries of the other municipality and the council of
each municipality passes a bylaw approving the
agreement, or
(b) this or any other enactment says that the bylaw applies
outside the boundaries of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s12

Relationship to Provincial law

13 If there is a conflict or inconsistency between a bylaw and this
or another enactment, the bylaw is of no effect to the extent of the
conflict or inconsistency.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s13;2015 c8 s3

Part 3
Special Municipal Powers and Limits
on Municipal Powers
Division 1
Expropriation
Expropriation powers

14(1) In this section, “organization” means any of the following
organizations in which the municipality is a member or has
acquired shares:
(a) a society under the Societies Act;
(b) an association registered under Part 9 of the Companies
Act;
(c) a corporation under the Business Corporations Act that is
a charity or operates for non-profit purposes;
(d) a corporation that operates for the purpose of making a
profit and that is controlled by one or more municipalities,
if the control is in accordance with the regulations under
section 73.
(2) If a council wants to acquire an estate or interest in land, inside
or outside the municipality
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Section 15

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(a) for a purpose authorized by an enactment,
(b) to carry out an area redevelopment plan under Part 17,
whether undertaken by the municipality alone or in
conjunction with another person,
(c) to improve land owned by the municipality,
(d) for the purpose of selling the land as building sites,
(e) to enable an organization to carry out a development as
defined in Part 17 or a redevelopment, or
(f) for any other municipal purpose,
it may acquire the estate or interest in the land by expropriation
under the Expropriation Act.
(3) No council may expropriate an estate or interest in mines or
minerals.
(4) The expropriation of an estate or interest in land that is outside
the municipality is subject to section 72.
(5) When the council is of the opinion that the municipality can
obtain a more reasonable price or other advantage by acquiring the
whole or a larger portion of any parcel of land of which a part may
be expropriated by the municipality, the municipality may
expropriate the whole or the larger portion of the parcel.
1994 cM-26.1 s14;1995 c24 s4

Expropriating part of a parcel

15(1) If a municipality’s notice of intention to expropriate
proposes to expropriate a portion of a parcel of land, the owner of
the parcel may apply to the Land Compensation Board to direct the
municipality to expropriate the whole of the parcel.
(2) The Land Compensation Board may direct the municipality to
expropriate the whole of the parcel of land if, in the opinion of the
Board, the expropriation of a part of the parcel is unfair to the
owner of the parcel.
1994 cM-26.1 s15

Division 2
Roads
Title to roads

16(1) The title to all roads in a municipality, other than a city, is
vested in the Crown in right of Alberta.

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) The title to all roads in a city is vested in the city unless
another Act or agreement provides otherwise.
(3) Nothing in this section gives a city title to mines and minerals.
1994 cM-26.1 s16

Disposal of estate or interest in roads

17(1) Subject to any other Act or agreement, the council of a city
has the power and is deemed always to have had the power to
dispose of an interest in a road in the city so long as the disposition
does not amount to a sale or lease or require a road closure under
section 22.
(2) No interest disposed of under subsection (1) may be registered
in a land titles office.
1994 cM-26.1 s17

Control of roads

18(1) Subject to this or any other Act, a municipality has the
direction, control and management of all roads within the
municipality.
(2) Subject to this or any other Act, a municipal district also has
the direction, control and management of roads and road diversions
surveyed for the purpose of opening a road allowance as a
diversion from the road allowance on the south or west boundary of
the district although the roads or road diversions are outside the
boundaries of the municipal district.
(3) Nothing in this section gives a municipality the direction,
control and management of mines and minerals.
1994 cM-26.1 s18

Rocky Mountains Forest Reserve

19 In The Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Clearwater
County, the Minister of Transportation has the direction, control
and management of roads within the Rocky Mountains Forest
Reserve constituted under the Forest Reserves Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s19;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

Specialized municipalities

20(1) The Minister of Transportation has the direction, control and
management of roads within a specialized municipality that has
been formed in whole or in part from an improvement district.
(2) Despite subsection (1), the Minister of Transportation and the
council of the specialized municipality may enter into an agreement
providing that all or part of the direction, control and management
of roads within the specialized municipality may be exercised by
the specialized municipality.
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Section 21

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(3) If there is an agreement under subsection (2), the Minister of
Transportation may require that a specialized municipality pay for
the cost of fulfilling the Minister’s responsibilities with respect to
roads within the specialized municipality, and the specialized
municipality must pay the amount of the requisition as soon as
practicable after the requisition is made.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s20;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

Land abutting roads

21 If a municipality acquires land abutting a road intending that
the land will become part of the road and, before the land is
incorporated into the road, the municipality grants to an adjoining
land owner a licence or permit to occupy the land, the land subject
to the licence or permit is deemed to be part of the road.
1994 cM-26.1 s21;1996 c30 s2

Road closure

22(1) No road in a municipality that is subject to the direction,
control and management of the municipality may be closed except
by bylaw.
(2) A bylaw closing a road must be advertised.
(3) A bylaw closing a road made by the council of a municipality
that is not a city has no effect unless it is approved by the Minister
of Transportation before the bylaw receives second reading.
(4) Before passing a bylaw closing a road, a person who claims to
be affected prejudicially by the bylaw or that person’s agent must
be given an opportunity to be heard by the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s22;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

Compensation

23(1) Any person who occupies, owns or has an interest in land
that sustains damages through the closing of a road by bylaw must
be compensated for the damages.
(2) If the municipality is not able to agree with the claimant on the
amount of compensation, the compensation must be determined by
the Land Compensation Board.
(3) This section does not apply in respect of the removal of
(a) a roadway of a street or part of a street that provides a
physical means of access to or from a controlled street, or
(b) a direct physical means of access between a controlled
street and land adjacent to the controlled street
under section 28 of the Highways Development and Protection Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s23;2004 cH-8.5 s69

45

Section 24

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Closure of unnecessary road

24 Despite section 22, the council of a municipal district may by
resolution, with the approval of the Minister of Transportation,
close the whole or any part of a road described in a surveyed road
plan that the council determines is no longer required for use by the
travelling public owing to the existence of an alternate route.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s24;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

Temporary road closure

25 Despite section 22, a council by resolution or a designated
officer if authorized by resolution of the council may temporarily
close the whole or a part of a road at any time that a construction or
maintenance project on or adjacent to the road may create a hazard.
1994 cM-26.1 s25

Temporary roads and rights of way

26(1) In this section, “private land” means land that is not owned
by the Crown in right of Alberta or of Canada or their agents.
(2) A council may by bylaw open a temporary road or a temporary
right of way on private land.
(3) A temporary road or right of way established under this section
may be kept open for not more than 2 years.
(4) The owner and occupant of land over which the temporary
road or right of way passes are entitled to compensation from the
municipality for the use of the temporary road or right of way and
for loss or damage caused by the temporary road or right of way.
(5) If there is no agreement on compensation, the compensation
must be decided by the Land Compensation Board.
(6) Section 22 does not apply to a temporary road or right of way
established under this section.
1994 cM-26.1 s26

Leases

27(1) This section applies to a portion of a road that is within a
municipality and that is deemed to be closed because a Crown lease
has been granted for the portion of the road.
(2) Subject to the rights of any lessee of any Crown lease referred
to in subsection (1), the council of the municipality may by bylaw,
reopen the whole or part of the portion of the road that was closed.
(3) If the whole or a part of a road is reopened, the council must
send a copy of the bylaw to the Minister of Transportation.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s27;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

46

Section 27.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Forestry roads

27.1(1) In this section and sections 27.2 to 27.5,
(a) “agreement holder” means the person who has entered
into an agreement with a municipality under section 27.2;
(b) “former forestry road” means a road within a municipality
that was designated as a forestry road under section 6 of
the Highways Development and Protection Act or under
section 14 of the Public Highways Development Act, but
does not include a forestry road that has subsequently
been designated as a provincial highway under the
Highways Development and Protection Act or designated
as a primary highway under the Public Highways
Development Act.
(2) No person may use a former forestry road for commercial or
industrial purposes unless the person is authorized to use the road
for a commercial or industrial purpose under an agreement referred
to in section 27.2.
(3) Nothing in this section prevents a person from using a former
forestry road for a purpose other than a commercial or industrial
purpose.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s27.1;2004 cH-8.5 s69

Forestry road agreement

27.2 A municipality may enter into an agreement with a person
with respect to a former forestry road that
(a) authorizes the person to use the road for commercial and
industrial purposes,
(b) authorizes the person
(i) to allow others to use the road for commercial or
industrial purposes, and
(ii) to charge those others a fee for that use,
(c) requires the person to maintain the road according to
specifications or standards referred to in the agreement
and to be responsible for capital improvements to the
road, and
(d) deals with any other matter concerning the road that the
parties consider appropriate.
1998 c24 s3

47

Section 27.3

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Fees charged to other users

27.3(1) An agreement holder may not charge a person who uses a
former forestry road for a commercial or industrial purpose an
amount that exceeds a reasonable fee based on the increased
maintenance and administrative costs of the agreement holder as a
result of the person’s use of the road.
(2) If there is a dispute concerning the amount of the reasonable
fee, the matter must be referred to the Minister, and the Minister or
a person selected by the Minister must determine the amount of the
fee.
(3) The decision of the Minister or the person selected by the
Minister is final and binding.
1998 c24 s3

Failure to maintain road

27.4(1) If the agreement holder does not maintain the former
forestry road in accordance with the agreement and the
municipality incurs costs in maintaining the road, the costs incurred
by the municipality are an amount owing by the agreement holder
to the municipality.
(2) Repealed 1999 c11 s3.
1998 c24 s3;1999 c11 s3

Unauthorized commercial or industrial use

27.5(1) A person who contravenes section 27.1(2) is liable to pay
to the agreement holder, for each day that the contravention occurs,
5% of the agreement holder’s cost of maintaining and adding
capital improvements to the former forestry road in the calendar
year preceding the contravention.
(2) The agreement holder may collect the amount the agreement
holder is owed under subsection (1) by civil action for debt.
1998 c24 s3

Existing agreements

27.6 Where an order designating a road as a forestry road under
section 6 of the Highways Development and Protection Act or
section 14 of the Public Highways Development Act is repealed,
any existing agreements made by the Minister of Transportation in
respect of the road are deemed to be agreements made by the
municipality in which the road exists.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s27.6;2004 cH-8.5 s69

48

Section 28

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Division 3
Public Utilities
General
Definitions

28 In this Division,
(a) “customer” has the meaning given to it in the Electric
Utilities Act;
(a.1) “easement” means an easement, interest or right held by a
municipality for the purpose of locating the system or
works of a municipal public utility;
(b) “municipal public utility” means the system or works of a
public utility operated by or on behalf of a municipality or
a subsidiary of a municipality within the meaning of
section 1(3) of the Electric Utilities Act other than under
an agreement referred to in section 45;
(c) “municipal utility service” means a utility service
provided by a municipal public utility;
(d) “non-municipal public utility” means the system or works
of a public utility operated by or on behalf of a person
under an agreement referred to in section 45;
(d.1) “retailer” has the meaning given to it in the Electric
Utilities Act;
(e) “service connection” means the part of the system or
works of a public utility that runs from the main lines of
the public utility to a building or other place on a parcel of
land for the purpose of providing the utility service to the
parcel and includes those parts of the system or works
described in section 29;
(f) “utility service” means the thing that is provided by the
system or works of a public utility.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s28;2003 cE-5.1 s165

Interpretation

28.1(1) In this section,
(a) “municipal tariff matter” means any matter relating to a
transmission tariff, a distribution tariff or a regulated rate
tariff of a municipality or of a subsidiary of a municipality
that is subject to the jurisdiction of the Alberta Utilities
Commission under the Electric Utilities Act;

49

Section 29

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) “transmission tariff”, “distribution tariff”, “regulated rate
tariff” and “subsidiary” have the same meaning as they
have in the Electric Utilities Act.
(2) In the event of an inconsistency between the Electric Utilities
Act and this Act in respect of a municipal tariff matter, the Electric
Utilities Act prevails.
2003 cE-5.1 s165; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Composition of system or works

29 When the system or works of a public utility involve pipes,
wires or other things that connect to a building, the system or
works include
(a) the pipes, wires or things
(i) running up to the building,
(ii) located on or within the exterior walls of the
building, and
(iii) running from the exterior walls to couplings,
stop-cocks, meters and other apparatus placed inside
the building by the municipality or person providing
the public utility,
and
(b) those couplings, stop-cocks, meters and other apparatus.
1994 cM-26.1 s29

Long-term supply agreements to public utilities

30(1) If a council proposes to make an agreement to supply water,
steam or fuel to a public utility for a period that, with rights of
renewal, could exceed 5 years, the agreement must be approved by
the Alberta Utilities Commission before it is made.
(2) If a council or a municipal public utility proposes to make an
agreement regarding the supply of electric power for a period that,
with rights of renewal, could exceed 5 years, the agreement must
be approved by the Alberta Utilities Commission before it is made.
(3) The approval of the Alberta Utilities Commission is not
required under subsection (2) if the proposed agreement relates to
or arises from the supply of electric power under
(a) a power purchase arrangement,
(b) a generation asset held or sold by the Balancing Pool, or
(c) a direct sales agreement.
50

Section 31

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) In subsection (3), “power purchase arrangement”, “generation
asset”, “direct sales agreement” and “Balancing Pool” have the
same meaning as they have in the Electric Utilities Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s30;2003 cE-5.1 s165; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Regulation of gas supply obtained from direct sellers

31(1) In this section,
(a) “consumer” means a consumer of gas who takes delivery
of the gas at its place of consumption by means of an
urban gas system operated by a distributor;
(b) “direct seller” means a person, other than a distributor,
who sells gas to a consumer or to another person who
purchases the gas as an agent of the consumer for the
purposes of this section;
(c) “distributor” means
(i) an urban municipality that operates an urban gas
system, or
(ii) a rural gas co-operative association as defined in the
Gas Distribution Act, that operates an urban gas
system under an agreement referred to in section 45;
(d) “urban gas system” means the system or works of a public
utility for the distribution of gas to consumers within an
urban municipality;
(e) “urban municipality” means a city, town, village or
summer village.
(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) establishing classes of consumers for the purposes of this
section;
(b) respecting the conditions to which the rights of consumers
under subsection (3) are subject;
(c) governing, with respect to any matters provided for in the
regulations, the rights and obligations of
(i) distributors,
(ii) direct sellers,
(iii) consumers, and
(iv) agents of consumers for purposes related to this
section.
51

Section 32

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) Subject to the regulations, a consumer has the right to obtain a
supply of gas from a direct seller for delivery to the consumer by
means of an urban gas system operated by a distributor, subject to
the rates, charges or tolls and on the terms and conditions
established by the distributor with respect to the transportation of
the gas.
(4) The Alberta Utilities Commission, on the application of a
consumer or direct seller aggrieved by an unreasonable refusal of
the distributor to provide service for the transportation of gas to the
consumer by means of the distributor’s urban gas system or by any
unreasonable term or condition under which the transportation
service is or is sought to be provided by the distributor, may make
an order
(a) directing the distributor to provide the transportation
service in accordance with the provisions of the order,
(b) amending, replacing or voiding the term or condition, or
(c) settling the term or condition.
(5) Section 45 does not apply to the sale of gas by a direct seller to
a consumer or to another person who purchases the gas as an agent
of the consumer for the purposes of this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s31; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Other authorizations and approvals

32 Nothing in this Division exempts a municipality or other
person operating a public utility from obtaining necessary
approvals or other authorizations under an enactment or bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s32

Municipal Public Utilities
Prohibiting other public utilities

33 When a municipality provides a municipal utility service, the
council may by bylaw prohibit any person other than the
municipality from providing the same or a similar type of utility
service in all or part of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s33

Exception

33.1 A bylaw under section 33 shall not prohibit a retailer from
providing to customers in all or any part of the municipality the
functions or services that retailers are permitted to provide under
the Electric Utilities Act or the regulations under that Act.
2003 cE-5.1 s165

52

Section 34

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Duty to supply utility service

34(1) If the system or works of a municipal public utility that
provide a municipal utility service are adjacent to a parcel of land,
the municipality must, when it is able to do so and subject to any
terms, costs or charges established by council, provide the
municipal utility service to the parcel on the request of the owner
of the parcel.
(2) If the system or works of a municipal public utility that provide
a municipal utility service are adjacent to a parcel of land, the
municipality may, when it is able to do so and subject to any terms,
costs or charges established by council, provide the municipal
utility service to the parcel on the request of the occupant of the
parcel who is not the owner.
1994 cM-26.1 s34

Parcels adjacent to roads and easements

35(1) This section applies when the main lines of the system or
works of a municipal public utility are located above, on or
underneath a road or easement and the municipality provides the
municipal utility service to a parcel of land adjacent to the road or
easement.
(2) The municipality is responsible for the construction,
maintenance and repair of the portion of the service connection
from the main lines of the system or works to the boundary of the
road or easement.
(3) Despite subsection (2), the council may as a term of supplying
the municipal utility service to the parcel of land make the owner
responsible for the costs of the construction, maintenance and
repair of the portion of the service connection from the main lines
of the system or works to the boundary of the road or easement.
(4) If the owner is responsible for the costs of the construction,
maintenance or repair referred to in subsection (3), those costs are
an amount owing to the municipality by the owner.
1994 cM-26.1 s35

Right of entry - main lines

36(1) This section applies to
(a) the main lines of the system or works of a municipal
public utility located above, on or underneath a road or
easement, and
(b) the portion of a service connection referred to in section
35(2).

53

Section 37

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) A municipality may enter on any land for the purpose of
constructing, repairing or maintaining the system or works
described in subsection (1).
(3) After the municipality has constructed, repaired or maintained
the system or works, the municipality must, at its expense, restore
any land that has been entered on under subsection (2) as soon as
practicable.
(4) If the municipality does not restore the land as soon as
practicable and the owner of the land restores it, the municipality is
liable to the owner for the restoration costs.
1994 cM-26.1 s36

Service connections - owner

37(1) The owner of a parcel of land is responsible for the
construction, maintenance and repair of a service connection of a
municipal public utility located above, on or underneath the parcel.
(2) If the municipality is not satisfied with the construction,
maintenance or repair of the service connection, the municipality
may require the owner of the parcel of land to do something in
accordance with its instructions with respect to the construction,
maintenance or repair of the system or works by a specified time.
(3) If the thing has not been done to the satisfaction of the
municipality within the specified time or in an emergency, the
municipality may enter on any land or building to construct,
maintain or repair the service connection.
1994 cM-26.1 s37

Service connections - municipality

38(1) Despite section 37, the council may as a term of providing a
municipal utility service to a parcel of land give the municipality
the authority to construct, maintain and repair a service connection
located above, on or underneath the parcel.
(2) A municipality that has the authority to construct, maintain or
repair a service connection under subsection (1) may enter on any
land or building for that purpose.
1994 cM-26.1 s38

Restoration and costs

39(1) After the municipality has constructed, maintained or
repaired the service connection located above, on or underneath a
parcel of land under section 37 or 38, the municipality must restore
any land entered on as soon as practicable.
(2) The municipality’s costs relating to the construction,
maintenance or repair under section 37 or 38 and restoration costs
54

Section 40

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

under this section are an amount owing to the municipality by the
owner of the parcel.
1994 cM-26.1 s39

Buildings

40(1) When a municipal utility service is provided to a building
that has more than one apartment, office or other unit, the system
or works of the municipal public utility may be installed over the
different apartments, offices or other units.
(2) The system or works must be attached to the outside of the
building unless consent is given to install them inside.
1994 cM-26.1 s40

Discontinue providing public utility

41 In accordance with its bylaws, a municipality may, for any
lawful reason,
(a) discontinue providing a municipal utility service after
giving reasonable notice of its intention to do so, and
(b) remove the system or works of the municipal public utility
used to provide the utility service.
1994 cM-26.1 s41

Liability for public utilities charges

42(1) The charges for a municipal utility service provided to a
parcel of land are an amount owing to the municipality by the
owner of the parcel.
(2) If the municipality agrees to provide a municipal utility service
to a parcel of land on the request of an occupant of the parcel who
is not the owner, the charges for the municipal utility service
provided to the parcel are an amount owing to the municipality by
the occupant and not the owner.
1994 cM-26.1 s42

Appeal

43(1) A person who uses, receives or pays for a municipal utility
service may appeal a service charge, rate or toll made in respect of
it to the Alberta Utilities Commission, but may not challenge the
public utility rate structure itself.
(2) If the Alberta Utilities Commission is satisfied that the
person’s service charge, rate or toll
(a) does not conform to the public utility rate structure
established by the municipality,
(b) has been improperly imposed, or

55

Section 44

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) is discriminatory,
the Commission may order the charge, rate or toll to be wholly or
partly varied, adjusted or disallowed.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s43; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Dispute with other municipalities

44(1) If
(a) a municipality is supplying a utility service to a person
outside the municipality, and
(b) there is a dispute between the municipality supplying the
utility service and any other municipality in connection
with the rates, tolls or charges,
the dispute may be submitted to the Alberta Utilities Commission.
(2) The Commission may make an order on any terms and
conditions that it considers proper.
(3) This section applies whether or not a public utility is subject to
the control and orders of the Alberta Utilities Commission pursuant
to section 111 of the Public Utilities Act or section 4 of the Gas
Utilities Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s44; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Non-municipal Public Utilities
Granting rights to provide utility service

45(1) A council may, by agreement, grant a right, exclusive or
otherwise, to a person to provide a utility service in all or part of
the municipality, for not more than 20 years.
(2) The agreement may grant a right, exclusive or otherwise, to use
the municipality’s property, including property under the direction,
control and management of the municipality, for the construction,
operation and extension of a public utility in the municipality for
not more than 20 years.
(3) Before the agreement is made, amended or renewed, the
agreement, amendment or renewal must
(a) be advertised, and
(b) be approved by the Alberta Utilities Commission.
(4) Subsection (3)(b) does not apply to an agreement to provide a
utility service between a council and a regional services
commission.

56

Section 45.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(5) Subsection (3) does not apply to an agreement to provide a
utility service between a council and a subsidiary of the
municipality within the meaning of section 1(3) of the Electric
Utilities Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s45;2003 cE-5.1 s165; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Exception

45.1 An agreement made under section 45 shall not grant an
exclusive right to provide to customers in all or any part of the
municipality the functions or services that retailers are permitted to
provide under the Electric Utilities Act or the regulations under that
Act.
2003 cE-5.1 s165

Prohibiting other non-municipal public utilities

46 When a person provides a utility service in a municipality
under an agreement referred to in section 45, the council may by
bylaw prohibit any other person from providing the same or a
similar utility service in all or part of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s46

Exception

46.1 A bylaw under section 46 shall not prohibit a retailer from
providing to customers in all or any part of the municipality the
functions or services that retailers are permitted to provide under
the Electric Utilities Act or the regulations under that Act.
2003 cE-5.1 s165

Renewals

47(1) An agreement referred to in section 45 that is not renewed
continues in effect until either party, with the approval of the
Alberta Utilities Commission, terminates it on 6 months’ notice.
(2) If notice to terminate has been given under subsection (1), the
municipality has the right to purchase the rights, systems and works
of the public utility.
(3) If the municipality wishes to purchase the rights, systems and
works and no agreement on the purchase can be reached, either
party may refer the matter to the Alberta Utilities Commission.
(4) After the matter is referred to the Alberta Utilities
Commission, the Commission must by order fix the terms and price
of the purchase and the order is binding on the parties.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s47; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Utility Services Provided by Municipal Subsidiaries
EPCOR Water Services Inc.

47.1(1) Sections 43 to 47 apply in respect of a utility service
provided by EPCOR Water Services Inc.
57

Section 50

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(2) Part 2 of the Public Utilities Act does not apply in respect of a
public utility that
(a) is owned or operated by EPCOR Water Services Inc., and
(b) provides a utility service within the boundaries of the City
of Edmonton.
(3) If there is a dispute between a regional services commission
and EPCOR Water Services Inc. with respect to
(a) rates, tolls or charges for a service that is a public utility,
(b) compensation for the acquisition by the commission of
facilities used to provide a service that is a public utility,
or
(c) the commission’s use of any road, square, bridge, subway
or watercourse to provide a service that is a public utility,
any party involved in the dispute may submit it to the Alberta
Utilities Commission, and the Alberta Utilities Commission may
issue an order on any terms and conditions that the Alberta Utilities
Commission considers appropriate.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s47.1; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Division 4 Repealed 2008 cE-6.6 s55.
Division 5
Business Improvement Areas
Purpose

50 A council may by bylaw establish a business improvement
area for one or more of the following purposes:
(a) improving, beautifying and maintaining property in the
business improvement area;
(b) developing, improving and maintaining public parking;
(c) promoting the business improvement area as a business or
shopping area.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s50;2015 c8 s5

Board

51(1) A business improvement area is governed by a board
consisting of members appointed by council under the business
improvement area bylaw.

58

Section 52

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(2) The board is a corporation.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s51;2015 c8 s6

Civil liability of board members

52(1) In this section, “approved budget” means a budget of the
board of a business improvement area that has been approved by
council.
(2) A member of a board of a business improvement area that
makes an expenditure that is not included in an approved budget is
liable to the municipality for the expenditure.
(3) If more than one member is liable to the municipality under
this section in respect of a particular expenditure, the members are
jointly and severally liable to the municipality for the expenditure.
(4) The liability may be enforced by action by
(a) the municipality, or
(b) a person who is liable to pay the business improvement
area tax imposed in the business improvement area.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s52;2015 c8 s6

Regulations

53 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the establishment of a business improvement
area;
(b) setting out what must be included in a business
improvement area bylaw;
(c) respecting the appointment, term and renewal of members
of the board of a business improvement area;
(d) respecting the powers and duties of the board and the
board’s annual budget;
(e) respecting the disestablishment of a business
improvement area and the dissolution of a board;
(f) that operate despite Part 8, authorizing a municipality to
lend money to a board and to borrow money on behalf of
a board;
(g) establishing restrictions on the municipality providing
money to the board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s53;2015 c8 s7

59

Section 54

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Division 6
Miscellaneous Powers
Providing services in other areas

54(1) A municipality may provide outside its municipal
boundaries any service or thing that it provides within its municipal
boundaries
(a) in another municipality, but only with the agreement of
the other municipality, and
(b) in any other location within or adjoining Alberta, but only
with the agreement of the authority whose jurisdiction
includes the provision of the service or thing at that
location.
(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1)(b), a
municipality may enter into an agreement respecting services with
an Indian band or a Metis settlement.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s54;2016 c24 s9;2017 c13 s2(3)

Sharing taxes and grants

55(1) A municipality may enter into an agreement with
(a) another municipality, or
(b) a collecting board as defined in section 179 of the School
Act,
to share grants paid under section 366 or taxes.
(2) The agreement must include a means to settle disputes arising
from the agreement.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s55;2016 c24 s10

Civic holidays

56(1) A council may declare up to 2 days in a year as civic
holidays.
(2) The minimum length of a civic holiday is a half day.
1994 cM-26.1 s56

Census

57 A council may conduct a census.
1994 cM-26.1 s57

Road names

58(1) A municipality may name roads or areas within its
boundaries and may assign a number or other means of
identification to buildings or parcels of land.
60

Section 59

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) A municipality may require an owner or occupant of a building
or a parcel of land to display the identification in a certain manner.
1994 cM-26.1 s58

Hamlets

59(1) The council of a municipal district or specialized
municipality may designate an unincorporated community
described in subsection (2) that is within its boundaries to be a
hamlet.
(2) An unincorporated community may be designated a hamlet if
the community
(a) consists of 5 or more buildings used as dwellings, a
majority of which are on parcels of land smaller than 1850
square metres,
(b) has a generally accepted boundary and name, and
(c) contains parcels of land that are used for non-residential
purposes.
(3) The designation of a hamlet must specify the hamlet’s name
and boundaries.
1994 cM-26.1 s59;1995 c24 s8

Water bodies

60(1) Subject to any other enactment, a municipality has the
direction, control and management of the bodies of water within
the municipality, including the air space above and the ground
below.
(2) Nothing in this section gives a municipality the direction,
control and management of mines and minerals.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s60;2016 c24 s11

Granting rights over property

61(1) A municipality may grant rights, exclusive or otherwise,
with respect to its property, including property under the direction,
control and management of the municipality.
(2) A municipality may charge fees, tolls and charges for the use
of its property, including property under the direction, control and
management of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s61

Acquiring land for roads

62(1) In this section, “owner” includes
(a) in the case of land that is being acquired under an
agreement for sale, the owner of the fee simple estate in
61

Section 62.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

the land and the purchaser under the agreement for sale
who has registered the interest against the certificate of
title for the land;
(b) in the case of land that is subject to a lease for which a
certificate of title has been issued, the owner of the fee
simple estate in the land and the lessee under that lease.
(2) When a municipality makes an agreement with the owner of
land to acquire the land for the purpose of a road, culvert, ditch or
drain, title to the land is vested in the city, or in the case of any
other municipality, the Crown in right of Alberta, by filing with the
Registrar of Land Titles
(a) plans of survey showing the land to be acquired, and
(b) a certificate of a designated officer stating that
(i) an agreement has been reached with the owner of the
land to be acquired and the price to be paid,
(ii) all persons registered on certificates of title that have
an interest in land that is within 40 metres of the
boundary of the land to be acquired as shown on the
plans of survey have been notified by registered mail,
and
(iii) the person signing the certificate is a designated
officer.
(3) When the title to land vests under subsection (2), it is not
necessary to register a transfer for that land.
(4) A municipality is not entitled to mines and minerals in any land
vested in it pursuant to this section and the title to any mines or
minerals is not affected by the filing of any plan of survey pursuant
to this section.
1994 cM-26.1 s62

Division 7
Revision and Consolidation of Bylaws
Definitions

62.1 In this Division, “revised bylaw” means a bylaw that has
been revised under section 63.
2017 c13 s1(5)

Revising bylaws

63(1) A council of a municipality may, by bylaw, revise any of its
bylaws or any one or more provisions of them in accordance with
this section.
62

Section 63

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) A bylaw under this section may
(a) omit and provide for the repeal of a bylaw or a provision
of a bylaw that is inoperative, obsolete, expired, spent or
otherwise ineffective;
(b) omit, without providing for its repeal, a bylaw or a
provision of a bylaw that is of a transitional nature or that
refers only to a particular place, person or thing or that has
no general application throughout the municipality;
(c) combine 2 or more bylaws into one bylaw, divide a bylaw
into 2 or more bylaws, move provisions from one bylaw
to another and create a bylaw from provisions of one or
more other bylaws;
(d) alter the citation and title of a bylaw and the numbering
and arrangement of its provisions, and add, change or
omit a note, heading, title, marginal note, diagram or
example to a bylaw;
(e) omit the preamble and long title of a bylaw;
(f) omit forms or other material contained in a bylaw that can
more conveniently be contained in a resolution, and add
authority for the forms or other material to be prescribed
by resolution;
(g) make changes, without materially affecting the bylaw in
principle or substance,
(i) to correct clerical, technical, grammatical or
typographical errors in a bylaw,
(ii) to bring out more clearly what is considered to be the
meaning of a bylaw, or
(iii) to improve the expression of the law.
(3) The title of a revised bylaw must include the words “revised
bylaw”.
(4) A bylaw under this section must not be given first reading until
after the chief administrative officer has certified in writing that the
proposed revisions were prepared in accordance with this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s63;2017 c13 s1(5)

64 Repealed 2017 c13 s1(6).

63

Section 65

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Requirements relating to revised bylaws

65 A bylaw made in accordance with section 63 and the resulting
revised bylaw are deemed to have been made in accordance with
all the other requirements of this Act respecting the passing and
approval of those bylaws, including any requirements for
advertising and public hearings.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s65;2017 c13 s1(7)

Effects of revised bylaws

66(1) The provisions of a revised bylaw that replace provisions of
a previous bylaw, when they have the same effect, operate
retrospectively as well as prospectively and are deemed to come
into force on the days on which the corresponding previous bylaws
came into force.
(2) If the provisions of the revised bylaws do not have the same
effect,
(a) the provisions of the revised bylaws prevail with respect
to all transactions, matters and things occurring on or after
the day the revised bylaws come into force, and
(b) the provisions of the previous bylaws prevail with respect
to all earlier transactions, matters and things.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s66;2017 c13 s1(8)

References to repealed bylaws

67 A reference in a bylaw, enactment or document to a bylaw that
has been revised under section 63 or to a provision of a bylaw that
has been revised under section 63 is, in respect of any transaction,
matter or thing occurring after the revised bylaw or provision, as
the case may be, comes into force, to be considered as a reference
to the revised bylaw or provision.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s67;2017 c13 s1(9)

68 Repealed 2017 c13 s1(10).
Consolidation of bylaws

69(1) A council may by bylaw authorize a designated officer to
consolidate one or more of the bylaws of the municipality.
(2) In consolidating a bylaw, the designated officer must
(a) incorporate all amendments to it into one bylaw, and
(b) omit any provision that has been repealed or that has
expired.
(3) A printed document purporting
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(a) to be a copy of a bylaw consolidated under this section,
and
(b) to be printed under the authority of a designated officer,
is proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the original
bylaw, of all bylaws amending it, and of the fact of the passage of
the original and all amending bylaws.
1994 cM-26.1 s69

Division 8
Limits on Municipal Powers
Disposal of land

70(1) If a municipality proposes to transfer or grant an estate or
interest in
(a) land for less than its market value, or
(b) a public park or recreation or exhibition grounds,
the proposal must be advertised.
(2) The proposal does not have to be advertised if the estate or
interest is
(a) to be used for the purposes of supplying a public utility,
(b) transferred or granted under Division 8 of Part 10 before
the period of redemption under that Division, or
(c) to be used by a non-profit organization as defined in
section 241(f).
1994 cM-26.1 s70;1995 c24 s9

Mines and minerals

71 No municipality may acquire an estate or interest in mines or
minerals without the approval of the Lieutenant Governor in
Council.
1994 cM-26.1 s71;1996 c30 s3

Acquisition of land outside municipal boundaries

72(1) A municipality may acquire an estate or interest in land
outside its boundaries only if
(a) the council of the municipal authority in whose
boundaries the land is located consents in writing to the
acquisition or, in the case of a municipal authority that is
an improvement district or special area, the Minister
consents in writing to the acquisition,

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(a.1) in the case of land located in a province or territory
adjoining Alberta, the local government within whose
boundaries the land is located consents in writing to the
acquisition, and
(b) after the written consent is given, the council that wishes
to acquire the estate or interest in the land authorizes the
acquisition.
(2) This section does not apply when a municipality acquires
(a) an option on land outside its boundaries, but it does apply
when the municipality exercises the option, or
(b) an estate or interest in mines and minerals.
1994 cM-26.1 s72;1996 c30 s4;1999 c11 s5

Control of profit corporations

73(1) In this section, “corporation” means a corporation that
operates for the purpose of making a profit.
(2) No municipality may, by itself or with other municipalities,
control a corporation except in accordance with the regulations.
(3) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting information that must be provided to the
Minister before a municipality or group of municipalities
controls a corporation;
(b) providing that certain corporations may not be controlled
by a municipality or group of municipalities unless the
Minister’s approval is obtained;
(c) respecting terms and conditions that apply when a
municipality or group of municipalities controls a
corporation;
(d) specifying or describing by reference the provisions of
this or any other enactment that do not apply, or apply
with modifications, to a corporation controlled by a
municipality;
(e) specifying or describing by reference any provisions that
are to be added to or that are to replace the provisions of
this or any other enactment in respect of a corporation
controlled by a municipality.
(4) The regulations may apply to one corporation or one approval
or may be general.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s73;2015 c8 s8

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Firearms

74 A bylaw of a municipal district prohibiting in all or a part of
the municipal district the shooting or use of a firearm or other
device that propels a projectile does not come into force until the
bylaw has been approved by the Minister responsible for the
Wildlife Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s74;1995 c24 s10

Forest and Prairie Protection Act

75(1) In this section, “forest protection area” means a forest
protection area designated under the Forest and Prairie Protection
Act.
(2) The council of a municipal district may not pass a bylaw
respecting fires that applies to the part of the municipal district in a
forest protection area.
(3) Despite subsection (2), the council may pass a bylaw
respecting fires, other than forest or running fires, that applies to
the part of a hamlet that is within a forest protection area.
(4) Repealed 2016 c22 s26.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s75;2016 c22 s26

Part 4
Formation, Fundamental Changes
and Dissolution
Division 1
General Criteria
Principles, standards and criteria

76(1) The Minister may establish and publish principles, standards
and criteria that are to be taken into account in considering the
formation, change of status or dissolution of municipalities and the
amalgamation of or annexation of land from municipal authorities.
(2) The Regulations Act does not apply to the principles, standards
and criteria.
1994 cM-26.1 s76

Division 2
Formation
Types of municipality that may be formed

77 The following types of municipality may be formed under this
Part:
(a) municipal district;

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(b) repealed 1995 c24 s11;
(c) village;
(d) town;
(e) city;
(f) specialized municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s77;1995 c24 s11

Municipal district

78 A municipal district may be formed for an area in which
(a) a majority of the buildings used as dwellings are on
parcels of land with an area of at least 1850 square metres,
and
(b) there is a population of 1000 or more.
1994 cM-26.1 s78

79 Repealed 1995 c24 s12.
Village

80 A village may be formed for an area in which
(a) a majority of the buildings are on parcels of land smaller
than 1850 square metres, and
(b) there is a population of 300 or more.
1994 cM-26.1 s80

Town

81 A town may be formed for an area in which
(a) a majority of the buildings are on parcels of land smaller
than 1850 square metres, and
(b) there is a population of 1000 or more.
1994 cM-26.1 s81

City

82 A city may be formed for an area in which
(a) a majority of the buildings are on parcels of land smaller
than 1850 square metres, and
(b) there is a population of 10 000 or more.
1994 cM-26.1 s82

Specialized municipality

83 A specialized municipality may be formed for an area
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(a) in which the Minister is satisfied that a type of
municipality referred to in section 77(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e)
does not meet the needs of the residents of the proposed
municipality,
(b) to provide for a form of local government that, in the
opinion of the Minister, will provide for the orderly
development of the municipality to a type of municipality
referred to in section 77(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), or to
another form of specialized municipality, or
(c) in which the Minister is satisfied for any other reason that
it is appropriate in the circumstances to form a specialized
municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s83

Modification of requirements

84 The Minister may by order, in a particular case, make minor
modifications to the requirements in sections 78 to 83 if the
Minister considers there is justifiable reason for doing so.
1994 cM-26.1 s84

Initiating formation

85(1) A municipality may be formed on the Minister’s initiative or
if
(a) the Minister receives a request to form the municipality
from a council of a municipality or an improvement
district, or
(b) the Minister receives a sufficient petition requesting the
formation of the municipality from electors within the
boundaries of the proposed municipality numbering at
least 30% of the population within the boundaries of the
proposed municipality.
(2) A request or petition referred to in subsection (1) must specify
the boundaries of the proposed municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s85;1995 c24 s13

Factors to be considered

86 Before a municipality is formed, the Minister must consider
(a) the principles, standards and criteria on formation
established under section 76,
(b) the viability, including the financial viability, of
(i) the proposed municipality operating as a separate
entity, and

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(ii) any remaining municipality continuing to operate as
a separate entity,
and
(c) any agreements on common boundaries.
1994 cM-26.1 s86

Public input

87(1) Before a municipality is formed, the Minister
(a) must invite comments on the proposed municipality from
all local authorities that the Minister considers would be
affected by the formation of the proposed municipality
and from any other person the Minister considers
necessary,
(b) must invite comments on the proposed municipality from
the public,
(c) may conduct one or more meetings of the public to
discuss the probable effects of the formation, and
(d) may hold a vote of those people who would be electors of
the proposed municipality.
(2) If the Minister holds a vote, the vote must be conducted in
accordance with the Local Authorities Election Act as modified by
directions given by the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s87

Formation order

88 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation
of the Minister, may by order form a municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s88

Contents of order

89(1) A formation order must
(a) describe the boundaries of the municipality formed by the
order,
(b) give the municipality the status of municipal district,
village, town, city or specialized municipality, and
(c) give the municipality an official name.
(2) If a municipal district is formed, the order
(a) must state the number of councillors that is to comprise its
council,
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(b) must establish wards for it and describe their boundaries,
(c) may specify or describe by reference, the provisions of
this or other enactments that do not apply to the municipal
district, or that apply with or without modification, and
(d) may specify or describe by reference, any provisions that
are to be added to or replace the provisions of this or other
enactments.
(3) If a specialized municipality is formed, the order must state the
number of councillors that is to comprise its council and apply
either section 150(1) or (2) to the municipality and may
(a) establish wards for it and describe their boundaries;
(b) specify or describe by reference, the provisions of this or
other enactments that do not apply to the specialized
municipality, or that apply with or without modification;
(c) specify or describe by reference, any provisions that are to
be added to or replace the provisions of this or other
enactments;
(d) prescribe matters or conditions that govern the functions,
powers and duties of the specialized municipality;
(e) if a specialized municipality is formed all or partly from
an improvement district, provide that Part 15 continues to
apply to the specialized municipality as if it were an
improvement district.
(4) If the order provides that Part 15 continues to apply to a
specialized municipality under subsection (3)(e), the Minister may
at any time in respect of the specialized municipality
(a) exercise any of the powers that the Minister has in respect
of an improvement district under Part 15 or any other
enactment, including the power to delegate;
(b) limit the power, authority or jurisdiction of the specialized
municipality;
(c) prescribe how or the conditions under which the
specialized municipality may exercise any power or
authority;
(d) require the specialized municipality to exercise or perform
a power, right or duty of a municipality;

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(e) authorize the council to pass some or all of the bylaws that
the council of a municipal district may pass, subject to any
conditions the Minister imposes.
(5) If a municipality is formed from an improvement district, the
order may dissolve the improvement district.
1994 cM-26.1 s89;1995 c24 s14

Summer village

89.1 The fact that a summer village may not be formed under this
Act does not affect any existing summer village, and this Act
continues to apply to summer villages.
1995 c24 s15

Official administrator

90 When a municipality is formed and there is no council, the
Minister may appoint an official administrator who has all the
powers and duties of a council of the municipality until the first
council of the municipality is sworn into office.
1994 cM-26.1 s90

Division 3
Change of Status
Meaning of change of status

91 A reference to changing the status of a municipality in this
Part means changing a municipal district, summer village, village,
town, city or specialized municipality to another type of
municipality within that group.
1994 cM-26.1 s91

Summer village

91.1 The status of a municipality may not be changed to the
status of a summer village.
1995 c24 s16

Application of formation rules

92 The requirements in sections 78 to 83 respecting the formation
of municipalities apply to changing the status of municipalities.
1994 cM-26.1 s92

Initiation of change of status

93 The status of a municipality may be changed if
(a) the Minister receives a request from the municipality’s
council,
(b) the Minister receives a sufficient petition from the
majority of the electors in the municipality requesting the
change in status, or
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(c) the Minister is satisfied that the municipality no longer
meets the requirements in sections 78 to 82 or, in the case
of a specialized municipality, that the reasons for its
original formation as a specialized municipality no longer
exist.
1994 cM-26.1 s93

Public input

94 Before the status of a municipality is changed, the Minister
(a) must notify the council of the municipality of the
proposed change,
(b) may invite comments on the proposed change of status
from all local authorities that the Minister considers
would be affected by the change and from any other
person the Minister considers necessary,
(c) may invite comments on the proposed change of status
from the public, and
(d) may conduct one or more meetings of the public to
discuss the probable effects of the change of status.
1994 cM-26.1 s94

Consideration of principles

95 Before the status of a municipality is changed, the Minister
must consider the principles, standards and criteria on change of
status established under section 76.
1994 cM-26.1 s95

Change of status order

96 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation
of the Minister, may by order change the status of a municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s96

Contents of order

97(1) An order changing the status of a municipality to a
municipal district must include the provisions referred to in section
89(2).
(2) An order changing the status of a municipality to a specialized
municipality must state the number of councillors that is to
comprise its council and apply either section 150(1) or (2) to the
municipality and may deal with any of the other matters referred to
in section 89(3) and (4).
1994 cM-26.1 s97

97.1 Repealed 1999 c26 s14.

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Effect of change of status

97.2(1) When the status of a municipality is changed,
(a) each councillor of the old municipality continues as a
councillor of the new municipality until a successor is
sworn into office;
(b) each officer and employee of the old municipality
continues as an officer or employee of the new
municipality with the same rights and duties until the
council of the new municipality otherwise directs;
(c) all bylaws and resolutions of the old municipality that the
new municipality has the authority to pass are continued
as the bylaws and resolutions of the new municipality;
(d) all taxes due to the old municipality are deemed to be
arrears of taxes due to the new municipality and may be
collected and dealt with by the new municipality as if it
had imposed the taxes;
(e) all rights of action and actions by or against the old
municipality may be continued or maintained by or
against the new municipality;
(f) all property vested in the old municipality becomes vested
in the new municipality and may be dealt with by the new
municipality in its own name subject to any trusts or other
conditions applicable to the property;
(g) all other assets, liabilities, rights, duties, functions and
obligations of the old municipality become vested in the
new municipality, and the new municipality may deal
with them in its own name.
(2) Subsection (1) is subject to the order changing the status of the
municipality.
1995 c24 s17

Division 4
Change of Name
Change of name order

98 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the request of a
municipality’s council and on the recommendation of the Minister,
may change the name of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s98

Effect of change of name

99(1) The change of a municipality’s name does not affect any
obligation, right, action or property of the municipality.
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(2) The use of the old name of the municipality in any
proceedings, agreements, notices or documents after the name has
been changed does not affect the validity of those proceedings,
agreements, notices or documents.
1994 cM-26.1 s99

Division 5
Amalgamation
Application

100 This Division does not apply to the amalgamation of
(a) an improvement district with another improvement
district, or
(b) a special area with another special area.
1994 cM-26.1 s100

Restriction on amalgamation

101(1) Subject to subsection (2), no order amalgamating
municipal authorities may be made that would result in an area of
land that is
(a) not included in any municipal authority, or
(b) part of the amalgamated municipal authority, but is not
contiguous with other land in the amalgamated municipal
authority.
(2) An order may amalgamate 2 or more summer villages whose
boundaries are not contiguous but border on or include all or part
of the same body of water.
(3) Despite section 77, an order may amalgamate 2 or more
summer villages if it gives the amalgamated municipal authority
the status of a summer village.
(4) Where an order gives an amalgamated municipal authority the
status of a summer village as required by subsection (3), the status
of the summer village may be changed in accordance with Division
3.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s101;2015 c8 s9

Initiation of amalgamation proceedings

102 The procedure for the amalgamation of 2 or more municipal
authorities may be initiated
(a) by a municipal authority,
(b) by 2 or more municipal authorities in accordance with the
regulations made under section 106.1, or
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(c) by the Minister under section 107.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s102;2015 c8 s10

Initiation by municipal authority

103(1) A municipal authority initiates an amalgamation by giving
written notice of the proposed amalgamation to
(a) the one or more municipal authorities with which it
proposes to amalgamate,
(b) the Minister, and
(c) all local authorities having jurisdiction to operate or
provide services in the initiating municipal authority or in
any of the municipal authorities with which it proposes to
amalgamate.
(2) If an amalgamation proposed by an initiating municipal
authority would result in an area of land that is within the perimeter
of the boundary of the amalgamated municipal authority, but is not
part of the amalgamated municipal authority, the initiating
municipal authority must give notice of its intention to annex that
land when it gives notice of the proposed amalgamation.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply if the area of land within the
perimeter of the boundary of the proposed amalgamated municipal
authority is the area of an existing municipal authority.
(4) The notice for an amalgamation must
(a) include the names of all the municipal authorities that are
to be amalgamated and the reasons for the proposed
amalgamation, and
(b) include proposals for consulting with all local authorities
referred to in subsection (1)(c) and the public about the
proposed amalgamation.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s103;2017 c13 s1(11)

Direct negotiations

104(1) The municipal authorities with which the initiating
municipal authority proposes to amalgamate must, on receipt of the
notice under section 103, meet with the initiating municipal
authority to discuss the proposals included in the notice and
negotiate the proposals in good faith.
(2) The initiating municipal authority must keep the Minister
informed of the progress of the negotiations.
1994 cM-26.1 s104

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Report on negotiations

105(1) On conclusion of the negotiations, the initiating municipal
authority must prepare a report that describes the results of the
negotiations and that includes
(a) a list of the relevant matters, including those referred to in
sections 89(1), (2), (3) and (4) and 111, that are agreed on
and a list of any of those matters on which there is no
agreement between the municipal authorities,
(b) a description of the public consultation processes involved
in the negotiations, and
(c) a summary of the views expressed during the public
consultation processes.
(2) The report must
(a) include a certificate by the initiating municipal authority
stating that the report accurately reflects the results of the
negotiations, and
(b) be approved by resolution of the council of the initiating
municipal authority and by resolution of the councils of
the other municipal authorities that agree to the
amalgamation.
(3) A municipal authority whose council does not pass a resolution
approving the report may include in the report its reasons for not
approving.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s105;2015 c8 s11

Disposition of report

106(1) On completion of the report on the direct negotiations, the
initiating municipal authority must submit the report to the Minister
and send a copy of it to the municipal authorities with which it
proposes to amalgamate and any other local authority the initiating
municipal authority considers would be affected.
(2) If the initiating municipal authority indicates in the report that
it wishes to proceed with the amalgamation, the report becomes the
initiating municipal authority’s application for the amalgamation.
1994 cM-26.1 s106

Regulations

106.1(1) The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of
enabling municipalities to jointly initiate an amalgamation,
including, without limitation, regulations
(a) specifying or describing by reference one or more
provisions of this Division that do not apply, or that apply
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with modifications, to the joint initiation of
amalgamations;
(b) specifying or setting out provisions that apply in addition
to, or instead of, the provisions of this Division in respect
of the joint initiation of amalgamations;
(c) respecting procedures for the joint initiation of
amalgamations.
(2) Regulations under this section may be made to apply generally
or specifically.
2015 c8 s12

Initiation by Minister

107 The Minister may initiate an amalgamation of 2 or more
municipal authorities if the Minister believes that the operation of
the municipal authority to be formed by the amalgamation will be
more effective or efficient than the municipal authorities to be
amalgamated.
1994 cM-26.1 s107

Notice by Minister

108 When the Minister initiates an amalgamation, the Minister
(a) must give written notice of it to the municipal authorities
proposed to be amalgamated and any local authority that
the Minister considers would be affected by the proposed
amalgamation,
(b) may invite comments on the proposed amalgamation from
all local authorities that the Minister considers would be
affected by the amalgamation and from any other person
the Minister considers necessary,
(c) may invite comments on the proposed amalgamation from
the public, and
(d) may conduct one or more meetings of the public to
discuss the probable effects of the proposed
amalgamation.
1994 cM-26.1 s108

Consideration of principles

109 Before municipal authorities are amalgamated, the Minister
must consider the principles, standards and criteria on
amalgamation established under section 76.
1994 cM-26.1 s109

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Amalgamation order

110 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation
of the Minister, may by order amalgamate municipal authorities to
form a new municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s110

Contents of order

111 An order to amalgamate municipal authorities may
(a) dissolve one or more of the councils of the municipal
authorities that are amalgamated,
(b) provide for an interim council,
(c) require a municipal authority to pay compensation to
another municipal authority set out in the order or by
means determined in the order, including arbitration under
the Arbitration Act, and
(d) deal with any of the matters referred to in section 89.
1994 cM-26.1 s111

Official administrator

112 When a municipality is formed by amalgamation and there is
no council, the Minister may appoint an official administrator who
has all the powers and duties of a council of the municipality until
the first council of the municipality is sworn into office.
1994 cM-26.1 s112

Division 6
Annexation
Mediation

112.1 In this Division, “mediation” in respect of an annexation
means a process involving a neutral person as mediator who assists
the initiating municipal authority and the one or more municipal
authorities from which the land is to be annexed, and any other
person brought in with the agreement of those municipal
authorities, to reach their own mutually acceptable settlement of
the matter by structuring negotiations, facilitating communication
and identifying the issues and interests of the participants.
1999 c11 s6

Application

113 This Division does not apply to the annexation of land
(a) from an improvement district to another improvement
district, or
(b) from a special area to another special area.
1994 cM-26.1 s113

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Restriction on annexation

114 No order that annexes land to a municipal authority may be
made if the land to be annexed is not contiguous with the
boundaries of the municipal authority.
1994 cM-26.1 s114

Annexations of same land

115(1) A municipal authority may not initiate or proceed with
more than one proposed annexation at any one time concerning the
same land.
(2) A municipal authority may not initiate or proceed with a
proposed annexation when the municipal authority is proceeding
with an amalgamation, unless the annexation is of the type referred
to in section 103(2).
1994 cM-26.1 s115

Initiation of annexation

116(1) A municipal authority initiates the annexation of land by
giving written notice of the proposed annexation to
(a) the one or more municipal authorities from which the land
is to be annexed,
(a.1) the Minister,
(b) the Municipal Government Board, and
(c) all local authorities having jurisdiction to operate or
provide services in the initiating municipal authority or in
any of the municipal authorities from which the land is to
be annexed.
(2) The notice for an annexation must
(a) describe the land proposed to be annexed,
(b) set out the reasons for the proposed annexation, and
(c) include proposals for
(i) consulting with the public about the proposed
annexation, and
(ii) meeting with the owners of the land to be annexed,
and keeping them informed about the progress of the
negotiations.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s116;2017 c13 s1(12)

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Direct negotiations

117(1) The municipal authorities from which the land is to be
annexed must, on receipt of the notice under section 116, meet with
the initiating municipal authority to discuss the proposals included
in the notice and negotiate the proposals in good faith.
(2) If there are matters on which there is no agreement, the
initiating municipal authority and the one or more municipal
authorities from which the land is to be annexed must, during the
negotiations, attempt to use mediation to resolve those matters.
1994 cM-26.1 s117;1999 c11 s7

Report on negotiations

118(1) On conclusion of the negotiations, the initiating municipal
authority must prepare a report that describes the results of the
negotiations and that includes
(a) a list of the matters agreed on and those on which there is
no agreement between the municipal authorities,
(a.1) if there were matters on which there was no agreement, a
description of the attempts to use mediation and, if
mediation did not occur, the reasons for this,
(b) a description of the public consultation processes involved
in the negotiations, and
(c) a summary of the views expressed during the public
consultation processes.
(2) The report must be signed by the initiating municipal authority
and by the municipal authorities from which the land is to be
annexed that are prepared to sign and must include a certificate by
the initiating municipal authority stating that the report accurately
reflects the results of the negotiations.
(3) A municipal authority that does not sign the report may include
in the report its reasons for not signing.
1994 cM-26.1 s118;1999 c11 s8

Disposition of report

119(1) The initiating municipal authority must submit the
completed report to the Municipal Government Board and send a
copy of it to the municipal authorities from which the land is to be
annexed and any other local authority the initiating municipal
authority considers would be affected.
(2) If the initiating municipal authority indicates in the report that
it wishes to proceed with the annexation, the report becomes the
initiating municipal authority’s application for the annexation.
1994 cM-26.1 s119

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General agreement on proposed annexation

120(1) If the initiating municipal authority wishes the annexation
to proceed and the Municipal Government Board is satisfied that
the affected municipal authorities and the public are generally in
agreement with the annexation, the Board must notify the Minister
and all the local authorities that it considers would be affected by
the annexation, and anyone else the Board considers should be
notified, that
(a) there appears to be general agreement with the proposed
annexation, and
(b) unless objections to the annexation are filed with the
Board by a specified date, the Board will make its
recommendation to the Minister without holding a public
hearing.
(2) If no objections are filed with the Board by the specified date,
the Board must
(a) consider the principles, standards and criteria on
annexation established under section 76, and
(b) prepare a written report with its recommendations and
send it to the Minister.
(3) If objections are filed with the Board by the specified date, the
Board
(a) may investigate, analyze and make findings of fact about
the annexation, including the probable effect on local
authorities and on the residents of an area, and
(b) must conduct one or more hearings in respect of the
annexation and allow any affected person to appear before
the Board at a hearing.
1994 cM-26.1 s120

No general agreement on proposed annexation

121 If the initiating municipal authority wishes the annexation to
proceed and the Municipal Government Board is not satisfied that
the affected municipal authorities or the public are in general
agreement with the annexation, the Board
(a) must notify the Minister and all the local authorities that it
considers would be affected by the annexation, and
anyone else the Board considers should be notified, that
there is not general agreement with the proposed
annexation,

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(b) may investigate, analyze and make findings of fact about
the annexation, including the probable effect on local
authorities and on the residents of an area, and
(c) must conduct one or more hearings in respect of the
annexation and allow any affected person to appear before
the Board at a hearing.
1994 cM-26.1 s121

Notice of hearing and costs

122(1) The Municipal Government Board must publish a notice of
a hearing under section 120(3) or 121 at least once a week for 2
consecutive weeks in a newspaper or other publication circulating
in the affected area, the 2nd notice being not less than 6 days
before the hearing.
(2) The Municipal Government Board may determine the costs of
and incidental to a hearing and decide by whom and to whom the
costs are to be paid.
(3) Section 502 applies to a decision of the Board relating to costs
under this section.
1994 cM-26.1 s122

Board’s report

123 After one or more hearings under section 120(3) or 121 have
been held and after considering the reports and representations
made to it and the principles, standards and criteria on annexation
established under section 76, the Board must prepare a written
report of its findings and recommendations and send it to the
Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s123

Contents of report

124(1) A report by the Municipal Government Board to the
Minister under this Division must set out
(a) a recommendation on whether land should be annexed to
the initiating municipal authority or other municipal
authority;
(b) if it is recommending annexation, a description of the
land, whether there should be revenue sharing and any
terms, conditions and other things the Board considers
necessary or desirable to implement the annexation.
(2) If the Board does not recommend that land be annexed in its
report, the Board must provide the report to all local authorities that
it considers would be affected by the annexation.
1994 cM-26.1 s124

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Annexation order

125 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, after considering the
report of the Board, may by order annex land from a municipal
authority to another municipal authority.
1994 cM-26.1 s125;1996 c30 s5

Annexation order without report

126 Despite sections 116 to 125, the Lieutenant Governor in
Council, on the recommendation of the Minister, may by order
annex land to a municipal authority.
1994 cM-26.1 s126;1996 c30 s6

Contents of order

127(1) An order to annex land to a municipal authority may
(a) require a municipal authority to pay compensation to
another municipal authority in an amount set out in the
order or to be determined by means specified in the order,
including arbitration under the Arbitration Act,
(b) dissolve a municipal authority as a result of the
annexation, and
(c) deal with any of the matters referred to in section 89.
(2) Where under section 664.2 a municipality has paid
compensation to a landowner for conservation reserve that is
subsequently annexed by order to another municipality, the order
must require the municipality to which the land is annexed to pay
compensation to the other municipality in the same amount that
was paid to the landowner.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s127;2016 c24 s13.1;2017 c13 s2(4)

Public utilities

127.1(1) In this section, “utility agreement” means an agreement
approved by the Alberta Utilities Commission in which a
municipality grants a right to a person to provide a public utility in
all or part of the municipality.
(2) An annexation of land does not affect any right under a utility
agreement to provide a public utility on the annexed land unless the
annexation order provides otherwise.
(3) This section does not apply to a right to provide a natural gas
service if the right is subject to section 23 of the Gas Distribution
Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s127.1; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Annexation refused

128 If an application for an annexation of land is refused, the
Minister must notify the initiating municipal authority of the
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refusal and the initiating municipal authority may not make another
annexation application concerning the same land for a period of
one year after it receives notice of the refusal.
1994 cM-26.1 s128

Regulations

128.1 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting procedures to be followed under this Division;
(b) defining terms used in this Division but not defined in this
Act.
2015 c8 s13

Division 7
Dissolution
Application

129 This Division does not apply to the dissolution of a
municipality as a result of an annexation.
1994 cM-26.1 s129

Viability review

130(1) The Minister must, before a municipality is dissolved,
(a) undertake a viability review, and
(b) after completing the viability review, hold a vote of the
electors of the municipality on the proposed dissolution.
(2) The Minister may undertake a viability review in respect of a
municipality if
(a) the Minister receives a request for a viability review from
the council of the municipality,
(b) the Minister receives a sufficient petition requesting a
viability review from electors of the municipality
numbering at least 30% of the municipality’s population
or, in the case of a summer village, a sufficient petition
requesting the review from a number of the electors of the
summer village equal to at least 50% of the number of
summer village residences in the summer village, or
(c) the Minister believes a viability review is warranted.
(3) A viability review must be conducted in a manner determined
by the Minister.
(4) If the Minister receives a request in accordance with subsection
(2)(a) or a sufficient petition in accordance with subsection (2)(b)
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and in the Minister’s opinion a process other than a viability review
is more appropriate, the Minister may require that that process be
undertaken instead of undertaking a viability review.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s130;2013 c9 s2;2016 c24 s14

Completion of viability review

130.1 After completing a viability review, the Minister may
(a) by order direct the council or the chief administrative
officer to take any actions, based on the results of the
viability review, that the Minister considers appropriate to
ensure the viability of the municipality, or
(b) hold a vote of the electors of the municipality on whether
the municipality should
(i) be dissolved, or
(ii) not be dissolved, but be required to take any actions,
based on the results of the viability review, that the
Minister considers appropriate to ensure the viability
of the municipality.
2013 c9 s2

Vote

130.2(1) A vote held under section 130.1(b) must be conducted in
accordance with the Local Authorities Election Act as modified by
directions given by the Minister.
(2) If the electors vote that the municipality should be dissolved,
the Minister must recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in
Council that the municipality be dissolved in accordance with
section 133.
(3) If the electors vote that the municipality should not be
dissolved, the Minister must by order direct the council or the chief
administrative officer to take the actions referred to in section
130.1(b)(ii).
2013 c9 s2

Dismissal

130.3 If an order of the Minister under section 130.1(a) or
130.2(3) is not carried out to the satisfaction of the Minister, the
Minister may dismiss the council or any member of it or the chief
administrative officer of the municipality, and section 574(3) to (6)
apply in respect of the dismissal.
2013 c9 s2

131 and 132 Repealed 2013 c9 s3.

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Dissolution order

133(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the
recommendation of the Minister, may by order dissolve a
municipality.
(2) A dissolution order
(a) must direct that all or part of the land in the dissolved
municipality becomes part of another municipal authority,
(b) may deal with any of the matters referred to in section 89,
and
(c) may appoint a liquidator and specify the liquidator’s
powers, duties and functions.
1994 cM-26.1 s133;1995 c24 s19

Tax

134 If the liabilities of the dissolved municipality exceed its
assets, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may authorize the
successor of the dissolved municipality to impose an additional tax
under Part 10 on property located in the area of the dissolved
municipality to pay for those excess liabilities.
1994 cM-26.1 s134;1998 c24 s5

Transitional

134.1(1) In this section, “amending Act” means the Municipal
Government Amendment Act, 2013.
(2) A dissolution study that was commenced, but not completed,
before the coming into force of the amending Act may, as
determined by the Minister, be continued
(a) as a dissolution study under and in conformity with this
Act as it read before the coming into force of the
amending Act, or
(b) as a viability review under and in conformity with this Act
as it reads after the coming into force of the amending
Act.
2013 c9 s4

Division 8
General Provisions
Effect of certain orders

135(1) When an order under this Part has the effect of including or
placing an area of land that was in one municipal authority, called
in this section the “old municipal authority”, in another municipal
authority, called in this section the “new municipal authority”, as a
result of an annexation or the formation, amalgamation or
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dissolution of a municipal authority, then, unless the order provides
otherwise,
(a) the new municipal authority becomes the successor of the
old municipal authority with respect to that area of land
and the old municipal authority ceases to have any
jurisdiction with respect to that area of land,
(a.1) all taxes due to the old municipal authority are deemed to
be arrears of taxes due to the new municipal authority and
may be collected and dealt with by the new municipal
authority as if it had imposed the taxes,
(a.2) all rights of action and actions by or against the old
municipal authority that relate to that area of land become
rights of action and actions by or against the new
municipal authority and cease to be rights of action and
actions by or against the old municipal authority,
(b) all the assets, liabilities, rights, duties, functions and
obligations of the old municipal authority that relate to
that area of land automatically pass to the new municipal
authority and cease to be those of the old municipal
authority,
(c) in the case of an amalgamation or an annexation, if at the
time of the notice under section 103 or 116 any land or
any portion of it is designated or required to be provided
as a public utility lot, environmental reserve, conservation
reserve, municipal reserve or municipal and school
reserve under Part 17 or a former Act as defined in Part
17, on the amalgamation or annexation taking effect the
ownership of the land becomes vested in the new
municipal authority in place of the old municipal
authority, and
(d) bylaws and resolutions of the old municipal authority that
apply specifically to the area of land continue to apply to
it until repealed or others are made in their place by the
new municipal authority.
(2) If the land referred to in subsection (1)(c) is sold or money
instead of land is received by the old municipal authority after a
notice of amalgamation under section 103 or a notice of annexation
under section 116 is received, the proceeds of the sale or the money
received must be paid to the new municipal authority.
(3) The new municipal authority may only use the proceeds of the
sale or the money received for purposes for which the old
municipal authority could have used it.

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(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may
(a) authorize the council of the new municipal authority to
impose an additional tax under Part 10 on the area of land
to meet obligations under a borrowing made by the old
municipal authority in respect of that area of land, or
(b) make any provision necessary to protect any rights that
any person has in relation to the area of land.
(4.1) The Minister may direct the transfer of assets and liabilities
from one municipal authority to another.
(5) This section does not abrogate or affect agreements described
in section 30 or 45.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s135;2017 c13 s1(13)

Power to effectuate transfer of land and other property

136 Where an order under this Division requires the ownership of
land or other property to be transferred to a municipal authority, the
Minister may do whatever is necessary to give effect to section
135(1) or a direction under section 135(4.1).
1994 cM-26.1 s136

Transitional and other matters

137(1) An order of formation, change of status, amalgamation,
annexation or dissolution may, in respect of any municipal
authority affected by the order, contain provisions dealing with the
following:
(a) assessment and taxation;
(b) property;
(c) employees;
(d) any matter required to properly effect or deal with the
formation, change of status, amalgamation, annexation or
dissolution, whether transitional or otherwise;
(e) the application, addition, change or substitution of this or
another enactment to give effect to the order.
(2) The provisions referred to in subsection (1) may deal with
rights, obligations, liabilities, assets and any other thing that the
Lieutenant Governor in Council considers is appropriate to be dealt
with in the order and may operate despite a collective agreement.
(3) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may amend or repeal a
provision referred to in subsection (1) that is contained in an order
of formation, change of status, amalgamation, annexation or
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dissolution without having to comply with the requirements for
passing the original order.
1994 cM-26.1 s137

Retroactivity of orders

138(1) An order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council under this
Part may provide
(a) for the retroactive application of the order or any of its
provisions, and
(b) that the order or any of its provisions come into force on
different dates.
(2) An order or any of its provisions may only be made retroactive
to a date in the year immediately before the calendar year in which
the order is made.
(3) Any error in any order made under this Part may be corrected
by subsequent order, and the correcting order may be made
effective as of the date of the original order or on some other later
date that is specified in the order.
1994 cM-26.1 s138

Orders published

139(1) An order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council or the
Minister made under this Part must be published in The Alberta
Gazette.
(2) Publication of an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council
or the Minister made under this Part is conclusive proof of the
fulfilment of any conditions precedent to the order.
1994 cM-26.1 s139

Regulations Act

140 The Regulations Act does not apply to an order of the
Lieutenant Governor in Council or the Minister made under this
Part.
1994 cM-26.1 s140

Location of boundaries

141(1) In this section,
(a) “survey” means a survey made under the Surveys Act or
the Canada Lands Surveys Act (Canada);
(b) “surveyed land” means land that has been surveyed under
the Surveys Act or the Canada Lands Surveys Act
(Canada).

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(2) Where the boundary of a municipality is described by reference
to the boundary of a township or section of surveyed land along
which a road allowance runs, the boundary is the side of the road
allowance on which monuments or posts are placed under a survey,
except in the case of correction lines or where the description
otherwise specifies.
(3) In the case of correction lines, the boundary is the south side of
the road allowance.
(4) Where a road is the boundary of a municipality and land is
acquired to widen the road, the land acquired automatically falls
within that boundary.
(5) A road allowance between an Indian reserve and a municipality
is in the municipality despite anything to the contrary in this
section.
(6) Where a boundary of a municipality is described by reference
to a river, the boundary is the right bank of the river facing
downstream unless the description otherwise specifies.
1994 cM-26.1 s141

Part 4.1
City Charters
Interpretation

141.1(1) In this Part,
(a) “charter”, except in sections 141.3 and 141.4, includes an
amendment to a charter;
(b) “charter city” means a city for which a charter is
established under section 141.3.
(2) In this Part, a reference to “this Act” includes a regulation
made under this Act.
2015 c8 s14

Purpose of Part

141.2 The purpose of this Part is to authorize the establishment of
charters to address the evolving needs, responsibilities and
capabilities of cities in a manner that best meets the needs of their
communities.
2015 c8 s14

Establishment of charter

141.3 On request by a city, the Lieutenant Governor in Council
may, by regulation, establish a charter for that city.
2015 c8 s14

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Proposed charter must be published on website

141.4 Before a charter is established or amended, the Minister
must ensure the proposed charter or amendment is published on the
Minister’s department’s website for at least 60 days.
2015 c8 s14

Elements of charter

141.5(1) Subject to this Part, a charter governs all matters related
to the administration and governance of the charter city, including,
without limitation, the powers, duties and functions of the charter
city and any other matter that the Lieutenant Governor in Council
considers desirable.
(2) In subsection (3), a reference to “this Act” does not include this
Part or Part 15.1 or 17.1.
(3) A charter may do one or more of the following:
(a) provide that a provision of this Act or any other enactment
does not apply to the charter city or applies to the charter
city with the modifications set out in the charter;
(b) specify or set out provisions that apply in respect of the
charter city in addition to, or instead of, a provision of this
Act or any other enactment;
(c) authorize the charter city to modify or replace, by bylaw,
a provision of this Act or any other enactment, with
respect to the charter city, to the extent set out in the
charter.
(4) Before giving second reading to a proposed bylaw referred to
in subsection (3)(c), the council of the charter city must hold a
public hearing with respect to the proposed bylaw in accordance
with section 230 after giving notice of it in accordance with section
606.
(5) A charter may include provisions respecting its interpretation.
(6) A charter may generally provide for any other matter necessary
for the purposes of giving effect to this Part.
(7) Except to the extent that a charter or a bylaw made pursuant to
subsection (3)(c) provides otherwise, this Act and any other
enactment apply to the charter city.
2015 c8 s14

Charter prevails

141.6 Except to the extent that this Part provides otherwise, if
there is a conflict or inconsistency between a charter or a bylaw
made pursuant to section 141.5(3)(c) and a provision of this Act or
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any other enactment, the charter or bylaw prevails to the extent of
the conflict or inconsistency.
2015 c8 s14

Retroactive operation of charter

141.7(1) A charter may provide
(a) for the retroactive application of the charter or any of its
provisions, and
(b) that the charter or any of its provisions come into force on
different dates.
(2) A charter or any of its provisions may be made retroactive to a
date no earlier than the beginning of the year immediately
preceding the calendar year in which it is made.
2015 c8 s14

No effect on status of charter city

141.8 Except to the extent that a charter provides otherwise, a
charter has no effect on the status of the charter city as a city under
this Act or any other enactment.
2015 c8 s14

Existing rights and obligations not affected

141.9(1) Except to the extent that a charter provides otherwise,
the rights and obligations of a city are not affected by the
establishment of a charter for that city.
(2) Except to the extent that a charter provides otherwise, the
rights of the Crown in right of Alberta are not affected by the
establishment of a charter.
2015 c8 s14

Part 5
Councils, Councillors and
Council Committees
Division 1
Councils and Council Committees
Councils as governing bodies

142(1) Each municipality is governed by a council.
(2) A council is a continuing body.
1994 cM-26.1 s142

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Number of councillors for municipalities

143(1) A council consists of the number of councillors provided
for under this section, one of whom is the chief elected official, but
in no case may a council consist of fewer than 3 councillors.
(2) The council of a city or town consists of 7 councillors unless
the council passes a bylaw specifying a higher or lower odd
number.
(3) The council of a village or summer village consists of 3
councillors unless the council passes a bylaw specifying a higher
odd number.
(4) The council of a municipal district or specialized municipality
consists of the number of councillors specified in the order forming
it unless the council passes a bylaw specifying a higher or lower
odd number.
(5) The council of any other type of municipality consists of the
number of councillors provided for it by or under the enactment
establishing it.
1994 cM-26.1 s143

Bylaw changing number of councillors

144(1) A bylaw passed under section 143 must be passed at least
180 days before the general election at which it is to take effect.
(2) If a bylaw is passed less than 180 days before the next general
election, it takes effect at the 2nd general election after the date on
which it is passed.
(3) A bylaw passed under section 143 must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s144

Bylaws respecting maternity and parental
leave for councillors

144.1(1) A council of a municipality may, by bylaw, having
regard to the need to balance councillors’ roles as parents with their
responsibilities as representatives of residents, establish whether
councillors are entitled to take leave prior to or after the birth or
adoption of their child.
(2) If a bylaw under subsection (1) entitles councillors to take
leave, the bylaw must contain provisions
(a) respecting the length of the leave and other terms and
conditions of the leave entitlement, and
(b) addressing how the municipality will continue to be
represented during periods of leave.
2017 c13 s1(14)

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Bylaws — council and council committees

145 A council may pass bylaws in relation to the following:
(a) the establishment and functions of council committees and
other bodies;
(b) procedures to be followed by council, council committees
and other bodies established by the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s145;2015 c8 s15

Composition of council committees

146 A council committee may consist
(a) entirely of councillors,
(b) of a combination of councillors and other persons, or
(c) subject to section 154(2), entirely of persons who are not
councillors.
1994 cM-26.1 s146

Division 1.1
Codes of Conduct
Bylaws — codes of conduct

146.1(1) A council must, by bylaw, establish a code of conduct
governing the conduct of councillors.
(2) A code of conduct under subsection (1) must apply to all
councillors equally.
(3) A council may, by bylaw, establish a code of conduct
governing the conduct of members of council committees and other
bodies established by the council who are not councillors.
(4) A councillor must not be disqualified or removed from office
for a breach of the code.
(5) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting matters that a code of conduct established
under subsection (1) must address;
(b) respecting the date by which councils must establish a
code of conduct under subsection (1);
(c) respecting sanctions to be imposed for a breach of a code
of conduct established under subsection (1);

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(d) respecting matters that a council must take into
consideration in establishing a code of conduct under
subsection (1) or (3), or both;
(e) respecting implementation of a code of conduct
established under subsection (1) or (3), or both;
(f) respecting any other matter the Minister considers
necessary or advisable to carry out the intent and purpose
of this Division.
2015 c8 s16

Division 2
Elections, Appointments
and Ward System
Election of councillors

147(1) Subject to Division 5, councillors other than a chief elected
official are to be elected in accordance with the Local Authorities
Election Act.
(2) The election is to be by a vote of the electors of the whole
municipality unless the municipality is divided into wards, in
which case section 148 applies.
1994 cM-26.1 s147

Division of municipality into wards

148(1) Unless otherwise provided for in a bylaw under this
section, when a municipality is divided into wards,
(a) only an elector who is resident in the ward may vote for a
councillor in that ward, and
(b) councillors are elected for each ward.
(2) A council may by bylaw
(a) divide the municipality into wards and establish their
boundaries,
(b) in the case of wards established for a municipal district or
a specialized municipality, change the number of wards
and their boundaries,
(c) give each ward established or changed a name or number,
or both,
(d) state the number of councillors to be elected for each ward
established or changed, and

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(e) in the case of any municipality, including a municipal
district or specialized municipality, eliminate the wards.
(3) A council may by bylaw provide for councillors that
(a) are in addition to the councillors elected for each ward,
(b) are elected by a vote of the electors of the whole
municipality, and
(c) are councillors for the whole municipality, not a ward.
(4) A council may by bylaw provide that all councillors
(a) are nominated by ward,
(b) are elected by a vote of the electors of the whole
municipality, and
(c) are councillors for the whole municipality, not a ward.
(5) A council may by bylaw provide that all councillors
(a) are nominated by ward,
(b) are elected by a vote of the electors of the whole
municipality, and
(c) are councillors for the ward in which they were
nominated.
1994 cM-26.1 s148

Passing bylaw

149(1) A bylaw under section 148 must be passed at least 180
days before the general election at which it is to take effect.
(2) If a bylaw is passed less than 180 days before the next general
election, it takes effect at the 2nd general election after the date on
which it is passed.
(3) A bylaw passed under section 148 must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s149

Election or appointment of chief elected official

150(1) The chief elected official of a city or town is to be elected
by a vote of the electors of the municipality unless the council
passes a bylaw
(a) requiring council to appoint the chief elected official from
among the councillors,
(b) specifying when the appointment is to start, and
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(c) specifying the term of the appointment.
(2) The chief elected official of a village, summer village or
municipal district is to be appointed by council from among the
councillors unless the council passes a bylaw providing that the
official is to be elected by a vote of the electors of the municipality.
(3) The chief elected official of a specialized municipality is to be
elected under subsection (1) or appointed under subsection (2) as
specified in the order that forms the specialized municipality.
(4) If a chief elected official is to be elected by a vote of the
electors of the municipality, the Local Authorities Election Act
applies to the election.
1994 cM-26.1 s150

Passing bylaw

151(1) A bylaw under section 150 must be passed at least 180
days before the general election at which it is to take effect.
(2) If a bylaw is passed less than 180 days before the next general
election, it takes effect at the 2nd general election after the date on
which it is passed.
(3) A bylaw passed under section 150 must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s151

Deputy and acting chief elected officials

152(1) A council must appoint one or more councillors as deputy
chief elected official so that
(a) only one councillor will hold that office at any one time,
and
(b) the office will be filled at all times.
(2) A deputy chief elected official must act as the chief elected
official
(a) when the chief elected official is unable to perform the
duties of the chief elected official, or
(b) if the office of chief elected official is vacant.
(3) A council may appoint a councillor as an acting chief elected
official to act as the chief elected official
(a) if both the chief elected official and the deputy chief
elected official are unable to perform the duties of the
chief elected official, or

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(b) if both the office of chief elected official and the office of
deputy chief elected official are vacant.
1994 cM-26.1 s152

Division 3
Duties, Titles and Oaths of Councillors
General duties of councillors

153 Councillors have the following duties:
(a) to consider the welfare and interests of the municipality as
a whole and to bring to council’s attention anything that
would promote the welfare or interests of the
municipality;
(b) to participate generally in developing and evaluating the
policies and programs of the municipality;
(c) to participate in council meetings and council committee
meetings and meetings of other bodies to which they are
appointed by the council;
(d) to obtain information about the operation or
administration of the municipality from the chief
administrative officer or a person designated by the chief
administrative officer;
(e) to keep in confidence matters discussed in private at a
council or council committee meeting until discussed at a
meeting held in public;
(e.1) to adhere to the code of conduct established by the council
under section 146.1(1);
(f) to perform any other duty or function imposed on
councillors by this or any other enactment or by the
council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s153;2015 c8 s17

Duty of chief administrative officer

153.1 Where the chief administrative officer or a person
designated by the chief administrative officer provides information
referred to in section 153(d) to a councillor, the information must
be provided to all other councillors as soon as is practicable.
2015 c8 s18

General duties of chief elected official

154(1) A chief elected official, in addition to performing the
duties of a councillor, must

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(a) preside when in attendance at a council meeting unless a
bylaw provides that another councillor or other person is
to preside, and
(b) perform any other duty imposed on a chief elected official
by this or any other enactment or bylaw.
(2) The chief elected official is a member of all council
committees and all bodies to which council has the right to appoint
members under this Act, unless the council provides otherwise.
(3) Despite subsection (2), the chief elected official may be a
member of a board, commission, subdivision authority or
development authority established under Part 17 only if the chief
elected official is appointed in the chief elected official’s personal
name.
1994 cM-26.1 s154;1995 c24 s21

Titles of chief elected official and other councillors

155 A councillor is to have the title “councillor” and a chief
elected official that of “chief elected official” unless the council
directs that another title appropriate to the office be used.
1994 cM-26.1 s155

Taking of oath

156 A councillor, a chief elected official and a deputy and acting
chief elected official may not carry out any power, duty or function
until that person has taken the official oath prescribed by the Oaths
of Office Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s156

Division 4
Term of Office
Local Authorities Election Act

157 The term of office of councillors is governed by the Local
Authorities Election Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s157

Extension of term

158(1) If the first election of a newly formed municipality,
whether formed under this or another enactment, is less than 18
months before the date set by the Local Authorities Election Act for
the next general election, the Minister may order that the next
general election not take place.
(2) If the Minister makes an order under subsection (1), the terms
of the offices are to continue until immediately before the
beginning of the organizational meeting following the next general
election.
1994 cM-26.1 s158

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Appointed chief elected officials

159(1) A chief elected official who is to be appointed under
section 150 must be appointed at each organizational meeting of
the council, unless otherwise provided by bylaw.
(2) The term of office of an appointed chief elected official starts
immediately on appointment and ends on the appointment of the
next chief elected official.
(3) The term of office of an appointed chief elected official may
not extend beyond the term of office of that person as councillor.
1994 cM-26.1 s159

Division 5
Vacancies and Quorum
Positions unfilled at general election

160(1) If at a general election persons are not elected to fill all the
offices on council, the Minister may
(a) fill the vacancies by appointing persons as councillors,
(b) if there is no quorum, order that the councillors who have
been elected constitute a quorum,
(c) if there is no quorum, order that the remaining councillors
constitute a quorum and appoint an official administrator
for the purposes of supervision under section 575, or
(d) appoint an official administrator who has all the powers
and duties of the council.
(2) Persons appointed under subsection (1)(a) hold office until the
vacancies are filled by a by-election.
(3) If council is unable to or does not within a reasonable time
hold a by-election to fill a vacancy referred to in subsection (1), the
Minister may by order direct that the chief administrative officer
conduct a by-election to fill the vacancy.
1994 cM-26.1 s160

Resignation

161(1) The resignation of a councillor must be in writing and
given to the chief administrative officer.
(2) A chief elected official appointed by council who resigns the
office of chief elected official remains on the council as a
councillor.

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(3) The resignation is effective on the date it is received by the
chief administrative officer even if a later date is set out in the
resignation.
(4) The chief administrative officer must report the resignation at
the first council meeting after receiving the resignation.
1994 cM-26.1 s161

Vacancy in position of councillor

162 A council must hold a by-election to fill a vacancy on council
unless
(a) the vacancy occurs in the 6 months before a general
election, or
(b) the council consists of 6 or more councillors and the
vacancy occurs
(i) in the 18 months before a general election and there
is only one vacancy, or
(ii) in the 12 months before a general election and the
number of councillors remaining is at least one more
than the majority of the number of councillors
comprising the council under section 143.
1994 cM-26.1 s162

Chief elected official (elected) vacancy

163 If the chief elected official is elected by a vote of the electors
of the whole municipality and the office becomes vacant, the
vacancy must be filled
(a) if on the date the vacancy occurs there are 12 months or
more before a general election, by a by-election, or
(b) if on the date the vacancy occurs there are less than 12
months before a general election, either by a by-election
or by council appointing at the next council meeting one
or more councillors as chief elected official so that
(i) only one councillor holds that office at any one time,
and
(ii) the office is filled all the time.
1994 cM-26.1 s163

Chief elected official (appointed) vacancy

164 If, under section 150, the chief elected official is appointed
by council from among the councillors and the office becomes
vacant, council must at the next council meeting appoint one or
more councillors as chief elected official so that
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(a) only one councillor holds that office at any one time, and
(b) the office is filled all the time.
1994 cM-26.1 s164

Election day

165 Unless a council sets an earlier date, election day for a
by-election under section 162 or 163 is 90 days after the vacancy
occurs.
1994 cM-26.1 s165

Minister orders by-election

166 If a vacancy must be filled by by-election under section 162
or 163 and a by-election is not held within 90 days after the
vacancy occurs, the Minister may by order
(a) set another date for the by-election;
(b) extend the time for filling that vacancy to the next general
election;
(c) reduce the quorum for council;
(d) direct the chief administrative officer to conduct the
by-election;
(e) take any other action the Minister considers necessary.
1994 cM-26.1 s166;1998 c24 s7

Quorum

167(1) Except as provided in this or another enactment, the
quorum of a council is
(a) the majority of all the councillors that comprise the
council under section 143, or
(b) if there is a vacancy on the council and the council is not
required to hold a by-election under section 162 or 163,
the majority of the remaining councillors that comprise
the council under section 143.
(2) For the purposes of quorum, a councillor is deemed to be
absent for a vote if, under this or any other enactment,
(a) the councillor is required to abstain from the vote, or
(b) the councillor is permitted to abstain from the vote and
does abstain.
1994 cM-26.1 s167

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No quorum

168(1) The Minister may make an order described in subsection
(2) in the following situations:
(a) vacancies on council through resignations or
disqualifications have reduced the number of councillors
to less than a quorum;
(b) the number of councillors able to attend a council meeting
is less than a quorum;
(c) councillors are required to abstain from voting on a matter
or are permitted to abstain from voting on a matter and
have decided to abstain and the number of remaining
councillors able to vote is less than a quorum.
(2) If subsection (1) applies, the Minister may
(a) order that the remaining councillors constitute a quorum,
(b) order that the remaining councillors constitute a quorum
and appoint an official administrator for the purposes of
supervision under section 575, or
(c) appoint an official administrator who has all the powers
and duties of the council.
(3) In a situation described in subsection (1)(c), the Minister may,
as an alternative to the options in subsection (2),
(a) order that all councillors may vote on the matter if
otherwise eligible, or
(b) direct the chief administrative officer to conduct a vote of
the electors on the matter with directions respecting the
date of the vote of the electors, the question to be voted on
by the electors and procedural matters.
(4) The council must comply with the result of the vote of the
electors held under subsection (3)(b).
(5) A councillor is not disqualified for having voted on a matter
(a) in accordance with the Minister’s order under subsection
(3)(a), or
(b) for the purpose of complying with the results of a vote
conducted under subsection (3)(b).
1994 cM-26.1 s168

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Division 6
Pecuniary Interest of Councillors
Definitions

169 In this Division,
(a) “corporation”, “director”, “distributing corporation”,
“officer”, “shareholder”, “voting rights” and “voting
shares” have the meanings given to them in the Business
Corporations Act;
(b) “councillor’s family” means the councillor’s spouse or
adult interdependent partner, the councillor’s children, the
parents of the councillor and the parents of the
councillor’s spouse or adult interdependent partner;
(c) “spouse” means the spouse of a married person but does
not include a spouse who is living separate and apart from
the person if the person and spouse have separated
pursuant to a written separation agreement or if their
support obligations and family property have been dealt
with by a court order.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s169;2002 cA-4.5 s60;2014 c8 s17

Pecuniary interest

170(1) Subject to subsection (3), a councillor has a pecuniary
interest in a matter if
(a) the matter could monetarily affect the councillor or an
employer of the councillor, or
(b) the councillor knows or should know that the matter could
monetarily affect the councillor’s family.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person is monetarily
affected by a matter if the matter monetarily affects
(a) the person directly,
(b) a corporation, other than a distributing corporation, in
which the person is a shareholder, director or officer,
(c) a distributing corporation in which the person beneficially
owns voting shares carrying at least 10% of the voting
rights attached to the voting shares of the corporation or
of which the person is a director or officer, or
(d) a partnership or firm of which the person is a member.
(3) A councillor does not have a pecuniary interest by reason only
of any interest
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(a) that the councillor, an employer of the councillor or a
member of the councillor’s family may have as an elector,
taxpayer or utility customer of the municipality,
(b) that the councillor or a member of the councillor’s family
may have by reason of being appointed by the council as a
director of a company incorporated for the purpose of
carrying on business for and on behalf of the municipality
or by reason of being appointed as the representative of
the council on another body,
(c) that the councillor or member of the councillor’s family
may have with respect to any allowance, honorarium,
remuneration or benefit to which the councillor or
member of the councillor’s family may be entitled by
being appointed by the council to a position described in
clause (b),
(d) that the councillor may have with respect to any
allowance, honorarium, remuneration or benefit to which
the councillor may be entitled by being a councillor,
(e) that the councillor or a member of the councillor’s family
may have by being employed by the Government of
Canada, the Government of Alberta or a federal or
provincial Crown corporation or agency, except with
respect to a matter directly affecting the department,
corporation or agency of which the councillor or family
member is an employee,
(f) that a member of the councillor’s family may have by
having an employer, other than the municipality, that is
monetarily affected by a decision of the municipality,
(g) that the councillor or a member of the councillor’s family
may have by being a member or director of a non-profit
organization as defined in section 241(f) or a service club,
(h) that the councillor or member of the councillor’s family
may have
(i) by being appointed as the volunteer chief or other
volunteer officer of a fire or ambulance service or
emergency measures organization or other volunteer
organization or service, or
(ii) by reason of remuneration received as a volunteer
member of any of those voluntary organizations or
services,

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(i) of the councillor, an employer of the councillor or a
member of the councillor’s family that is held in common
with the majority of electors of the municipality or, if the
matter affects only part of the municipality, with the
majority of electors in that part,
(j) that is so remote or insignificant that it cannot reasonably
be regarded as likely to influence the councillor, or
(k) that a councillor may have by discussing or voting on a
bylaw that applies to businesses or business activities
when the councillor, an employer of the councillor or a
member of the councillor’s family has an interest in a
business, unless the only business affected by the bylaw is
the business of the councillor, employer of the councillor
or the councillor’s family.
(4) Subsection (3)(g) and (h) do not apply to a councillor who is
an employee of an organization, club or service referred to in those
clauses.
1994 cM-26.1 s170;1995 c24 s22;1996 c30 s9

Bylaw requiring statement of disclosure

171 A council may by bylaw
(a) require that each councillor file with a designated officer a
statement of the name or names of
(i) the councillor’s family,
(ii) the employers of the councillor,
(iii) each corporation, other than a distributing
corporation, in which the councillor is a shareholder,
director or officer,
(iv) each distributing corporation in which the councillor
beneficially owns voting shares carrying at least 10%
of the voting rights attached to the voting shares of
the corporation or of which the councillor is a
director or officer, and
(v) each partnership or firm of which the councillor is a
member,
and
(b) require the designated officer to compile a list of all the
names reported on the statements filed with the officer
and give a copy of the list to the employees of the
municipality indicated in the bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s171;1996 c30 s10

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Disclosure of pecuniary interest

172(1) When a councillor has a pecuniary interest in a matter
before the council, a council committee or any other body to which
the councillor is appointed as a representative of the council, the
councillor must, if present,
(a) disclose the general nature of the pecuniary interest prior
to any discussion of the matter,
(b) abstain from voting on any question relating to the matter,
(c) subject to subsection (3), abstain from any discussion of
the matter, and
(d) subject to subsections (2) and (3), leave the room in which
the meeting is being held until discussion and voting on
the matter are concluded.
(2) If the matter with respect to which the councillor has a
pecuniary interest is the payment of an account for which funds
have previously been committed, it is not necessary for the
councillor to leave the room.
(3) If the matter with respect to which the councillor has a
pecuniary interest is a question on which, under this Act or another
enactment, the councillor as a taxpayer, an elector or an owner has
a right to be heard by the council,
(a) it is not necessary for the councillor to leave the room,
and
(b) the councillor may exercise a right to be heard in the same
manner as a person who is not a councillor.
(4) If a councillor is temporarily absent from a meeting when a
matter in which the councillor has a pecuniary interest arises, the
councillor must immediately on returning to the meeting, or as
soon as the councillor becomes aware that the matter has been
considered, disclose the general nature of the councillor’s interest
in the matter.
(5) The abstention of a councillor under subsection (1) and the
disclosure of a councillor’s interest under subsection (1) or (4)
must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting.
(6) If a councillor has disclosed a pecuniary interest at a council
committee meeting and council considers a report of the committee
in respect of which the councillor disclosed a pecuniary interest,
the councillor must disclose the pecuniary interest at the council
meeting and subsection (1) applies to the councillor.
1994 cM-26.1 s172

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Effect of pecuniary interest on agreements

173 No agreement with a municipality under which a councillor
of the municipality has a pecuniary interest is binding on the
municipality unless
(a) the agreement is for work in an emergency,
(b) the agreement is
(i) for the sale of goods, or
(ii) for the provision of services to the municipality or to
persons contracting with the municipality
at competitive prices by a dealer in those goods or
services that is incidental to or in the ordinary course of
the business,
(c) the proposed agreement is approved by council before the
agreement is signed by the municipality, or
(d) the agreement was entered into before the term of the
councillor started.
1994 cM-26.1 s173;1996 c30 s11

Division 7
Disqualification of Councillors
Reasons for disqualification

174(1) A councillor is disqualified from council if
(a) when the councillor was nominated, the councillor was
not eligible for nomination as a candidate under the Local
Authorities Election Act;
(b) the councillor ceases to be eligible for nomination as a
candidate under the Local Authorities Election Act;
(b.1) the councillor
(i) fails to file a disclosure statement as required under
section 147.4 of the Local Authorities Election Act
before the end of the late filing period provided
under section 147.7 of the Local Authorities Election
Act, and
(ii) has not been relieved from the obligation to file a
disclosure statement by a court order under section
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(c) the councillor becomes a judge of a court or a member of
the Senate or House of Commons of Canada or of the
Legislative Assembly of Alberta;
(d) the councillor is absent from all regular council meetings
held during any period of 8 consecutive weeks, starting
with the date that the first meeting is missed, unless
subsection (2) applies;
(e) the councillor is convicted
(i) of an offence punishable by imprisonment for 5 or
more years, or
(ii) of an offence under section 123, 124 or 125 of the
Criminal Code (Canada);
(f) the councillor does not vote on a matter at a council
meeting at which the councillor is present, unless the
councillor is required or is permitted to abstain from
voting under this or any other enactment;
(g) the councillor contravenes section 172;
(h) the councillor has a pecuniary interest in an agreement
that is not binding on the municipality under section 173;
(i) the councillor uses information obtained through being on
council to gain a pecuniary benefit in respect of any
matter;
(j) the councillor becomes an employee of the municipality;
(k) the councillor is liable to the municipality under section
249.
(2) A councillor is not disqualified by being absent from regular
council meetings under subsection (1)(d) if
(a) the absence is authorized by a resolution of council passed
at any time
(i) before the end of the last regular meeting of the
council in the 8-week period, or
(ii) if there is no other regular meeting of the council
during the 8-week period, before the end of the next
regular meeting of the council,
or

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(b) the absence is in accordance with a bylaw under section
144.1.
(3) For the purposes of this section, a councillor is not considered
to be absent from a council meeting if the councillor is absent on
council business at the direction of council.
(4) A councillor who is disqualified under this section is eligible to
be elected at the next general election in the municipality if the
person is eligible for nomination under the Local Authorities
Election Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s174;2009 c10 s3.1;2010 c9 s2;2017 c13 s1(15)

Division 8
Enforcement of Disqualification
Resignation on disqualification

175(1) A councillor that is disqualified must resign immediately.
(2) If a councillor does not resign immediately,
(a) the council may apply to a judge of the Court of Queen’s
Bench for
(i) an order determining whether the person was never
qualified to be or has ceased to be qualified to remain
a councillor, or
(ii) an order declaring the person to be disqualified from
council,
or
(b) an elector who
(i) files an affidavit showing reasonable grounds for
believing that a person never was or has ceased to be
qualified as a councillor, and
(ii) pays into court the sum of $500 as security for costs,
may apply to a judge of the Court of Queen’s Bench for
an order declaring the person to be disqualified from
council.
(3) An application under this section may only be made within 3
years from the date the disqualification is alleged to have occurred.
(4) An application under this section may be started or continued
whether or not an election has been held between the time the
disqualification is alleged to have occurred and the time the
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application is or was commenced and whether or not the person in
respect of whom the application is being brought
(a) resigns before or after the election,
(b) was re-elected in the election,
(c) was not re-elected or did not run in the election, or
(d) has completed a term of office.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s175;2009 c53 s119

Decision on disqualification application

176(1) After hearing an application under this Division and any
evidence, either oral or by affidavit, that is required, the judge may
(a) declare the person to be disqualified and a position on
council to be vacant,
(b) declare the person able to remain a councillor, or
(c) dismiss the application.
(2) If a judge declares a person disqualified because information
obtained through being on council was used to gain a pecuniary
benefit, the judge may order the person to pay to the municipality a
sum of damages determined by the Court.
1994 cM-26.1 s176

Inadvertence or genuine error

177 A judge who hears an application under this Division and
finds that the person is disqualified under section 174(1)(f), (h) or
(i) may still dismiss the application if the judge is of the opinion
that the disqualification arose inadvertently or by reason of a
genuine error in judgment.
1994 cM-26.1 s177

Appeal

178(1) The decision of a judge under this Division may be
appealed to the Court of Appeal.
(2) A person who is declared disqualified under this Division and
appeals that declaration remains disqualified until the appeal is
finally determined.
(3) If, on the final determination of the appeal, the disqualification
is set aside,
(a) the Court must reinstate the person as a councillor for any
unexpired portion of the term of office for which the
person was elected and require any person who has been
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elected to fill the balance of that term to vacate the office,
and
(b) the Court may order that any money paid to the
municipality under section 176(2) be repaid.
(4) If, on the final disposition of the appeal, the disqualification is
set aside but the term of office for which the person was elected has
expired, the person must not be reinstated but is eligible to be
elected at the next election in the municipality if otherwise
qualified.
1994 cM-26.1 s178

Reimbursement of costs and expenses

179 The council may reimburse the person in respect of whom an
application under this Division was made for any costs and
expenses that the council considers reasonable, other than costs that
have already been awarded to the person by the judge, if
(a) the application is dismissed, or
(b) an order is issued declaring the person able to remain a
councillor.
1994 cM-26.1 s179

Division 9
Council Proceedings
Requirements for Valid Action
Methods in which council may act

180(1) A council may act only by resolution or bylaw.
(2) Where a council or municipality is required or authorized
under this or any other enactment or bylaw to do something by
bylaw, it may only be done by bylaw.
(3) Where a council is required or authorized under this or any
other enactment or bylaw to do something by resolution or to do
something without specifying that it be done by bylaw or
resolution, it may be done by bylaw or resolution.
1994 cM-26.1 s180

Requirements for valid bylaw or resolution

181(1) A bylaw or resolution of council is not valid unless passed
at a council meeting held in public at which there is a quorum
present.
(2) A resolution of a council committee is not valid unless passed
at a meeting of that committee held in public at which there is a
quorum present.
1994 cM-26.1 s181

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Voting
Restriction to one vote per person

182 A councillor has one vote each time a vote is held at a
council meeting at which the councillor is present.
1994 cM-26.1 s182

Requirement to vote and abstentions

183(1) A councillor attending a council meeting must vote on a
matter put to a vote at the meeting unless the councillor is required
or permitted to abstain from voting under this or any other
enactment.
(2) The council must ensure that each abstention and the reasons
for the abstention are recorded in the minutes of the meeting.
1994 cM-26.1 s183

Abstention from voting on matter discussed at public hearing

184 When a public hearing on a proposed bylaw or resolution is
held, a councillor
(a) must abstain from voting on the bylaw or resolution if the
councillor was absent from all of the public hearing, and
(b) may abstain from voting on the bylaw or resolution if the
councillor was only absent from a part of the public
hearing.
1994 cM-26.1 s184

Recording of votes

185(1) Before a vote is taken by council, a councillor may request
that the vote be recorded.
(2) When a vote is recorded, the minutes must show the names of
the councillors present and whether each councillor voted for or
against the proposal or abstained.
1994 cM-26.1 s185

Secret ballot

185.1(1) Despite sections 185 and 197, at a meeting at which a
council
(a) establishes a council committee or other body under
section 145, or
(b) appoints a chief elected official under section 150,
a secret ballot must be held if requested by any councillor present
at the meeting.

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(2) A vote by secret ballot under subsection (1) must be confirmed
by a resolution of council.
1998 c24 s8

Tied vote

186 If there is an equal number of votes for and against a
resolution or bylaw, the resolution or bylaw is defeated.
1994 cM-26.1 s186

Passing a Bylaw
Bylaw readings

187(1) Every proposed bylaw must have 3 distinct and separate
readings.
(2) Each councillor present at the meeting at which first reading is
to take place must be given or have had the opportunity to review
the full text of the proposed bylaw before the bylaw receives first
reading.
(3) Each councillor present at the meeting at which third reading is
to take place must, before the proposed bylaw receives third
reading, be given or have had the opportunity to review the full text
of the proposed bylaw and of any amendments that were passed
after first reading.
(4) A proposed bylaw must not have more than 2 readings at a
council meeting unless the councillors present unanimously agree
to consider third reading.
(5) Only the title or identifying number has to be read at each
reading of the bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s187

Rescission of previous bylaw readings

188 The previous readings of a proposed bylaw are rescinded if
the proposed bylaw
(a) does not receive third reading within 2 years after first
reading, or
(b) is defeated on second or third reading.
1994 cM-26.1 s188

Passing of bylaw

189 A bylaw is passed when it receives third reading and it is
signed in accordance with section 213.
1994 cM-26.1 s189

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Coming into force

190(1) A bylaw comes into force at the beginning of the day that
it is passed unless otherwise provided in this or any other
enactment or in the bylaw.
(2) If this or any other enactment requires a bylaw to be approved,
the bylaw does not come into force until the approval is given.
(3) No bylaw may come into force on a day before it is passed
unless the enactment authorizing the passing of the bylaw
specifically allows for the bylaw to come into force on a day before
it is passed.
1994 cM-26.1 s190

Amendment and repeal

191(1) The power to pass a bylaw under this or any other
enactment includes a power to amend or repeal the bylaw.
(2) The amendment or repeal must be made in the same way as the
original bylaw and is subject to the same consents or conditions or
advertising requirements that apply to the passing of the original
bylaw, unless this or any other enactment provides otherwise.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a revision or repeal under
section 63.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s191;2017 c13 s1(16)

Meetings
Organizational meetings

192(1) Except in a summer village, a council must hold an
organizational meeting annually not later than 2 weeks after the 3rd
Monday in October.
(2) The council of a summer village must hold an organizational
meeting annually not later than August 31.
1994 cM-26.1 s192

Regular council meetings

193(1) A council may decide at a council meeting at which all the
councillors are present to hold regularly scheduled council
meetings on specified dates, times and places.
(2) Notice of regularly scheduled meetings need not be given.
(3) If council changes the date, time or place of a regularly
scheduled meeting, the municipality must give at least 24 hours’
notice of the change
(a) to any councillors not present at the meeting at which the
change was made, and
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(b) to the public.
1994 cM-26.1 s193

Special council meetings

194(1) The chief elected official
(a) may call a special council meeting whenever the official
considers it appropriate to do so, and
(b) must call a special council meeting if the official receives
a written request for the meeting, stating its purpose, from
a majority of the councillors.
(2) A special council meeting called under subsection (1)(b) must
be held within 14 days after the date that the chief elected official
receives the request or any shorter period provided for by bylaw.
(3) The chief elected official calls a special council meeting by
giving at least 24 hours’ notice in writing to each councillor and the
public stating the purpose of the meeting and the date, time and
place at which it is to be held.
(4) A special council meeting may be held with less than 24 hours’
notice to all councillors and without notice to the public if at least
2/3 of the whole council agrees to this in writing before the
beginning of the meeting.
(5) No matter other than that stated in the notice calling the special
council meeting may be transacted at the meeting unless the whole
council is present at the meeting and the council agrees to deal with
the matter in question.
1994 cM-26.1 s194

Council committee meetings

195 The municipality must give at least 24 hours’ notice of a
council committee meeting
(a) to the members of the council committee, and
(b) to the public.
1994 cM-26.1 s195

Method of giving notice

196(1) Notice of a council or council committee meeting is
deemed to have been given to a councillor or member of a council
committee if the notice is delivered to an adult person at the
councillor’s or member’s home or place of business.
(2) Notice of a council or council committee meeting to the public
is sufficient if the notice is given in a manner specified by council.
1994 cM-26.1 s196

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Public presence at meetings

197(1) Councils and council committees must conduct their
meetings in public unless subsection (2), (2.01) or (2.1) applies.
(2) Councils and council committees may close all or part of their
meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed is within one of
the exceptions to disclosure in Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom
of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
(2.01) Councils and council committees may close all or part of
their meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed is of a class
prescribed or otherwise described in the regulations under
subsection (7).
(2.1) A municipal planning commission, subdivision authority,
development authority or subdivision and development appeal
board established under Part 17 may deliberate and make its
decisions in meetings closed to the public.
(3) When a meeting is closed to the public, no resolution or bylaw
may be passed at the meeting, except a resolution to revert to a
meeting of a council or council committee held in public.
(4) Before closing all or any part of a meeting to the public, a
council or council committee must by resolution approve
(a) the part of the meeting that is to be closed, and
(b) the basis on which, under an exception to disclosure in
Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act or under the regulations under
subsection (7), the part of the meeting is to be closed.
(5) After the closed meeting discussions are completed, any
members of the public who are present outside the meeting room
must be notified that the rest of the meeting is now open to the
public, and a reasonable amount of time must be given for those
members of the public to return to the meeting before it continues.
(6) Where a council or council committee closes all or part of a
meeting to the public, the council or council committee may allow
one or more other persons to attend, as it considers appropriate, and
the minutes of the meeting must record the names of those persons
and the reasons for allowing them to attend.
(7) The Minister may make regulations prescribing or otherwise
describing classes of matters for the purposes of subsection (2.01).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s197;2015 c8 s19

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Right of public to be present

198 Everyone has a right to be present at council meetings and
council committee meetings conducted in public unless the person
chairing the meeting expels a person for improper conduct.
1994 cM-26.1 s198

Meeting through electronic communications

199(1) A council meeting or council committee meeting may be
conducted by means of electronic or other communication facilities
if
(a) notice is given to the public of the meeting, including the
way in which it is to be conducted,
(b) the facilities enable the public to watch or listen to the
meeting at a place specified in that notice and a
designated officer is in attendance at that place, and
(c) the facilities enable all the meeting’s participants to watch
or hear each other.
(2) Councillors participating in a meeting held by means of a
communication facility are deemed to be present at the meeting.
1994 cM-26.1 s199

Power to require taking of oath

200 A council or council committee may require a person
appearing before it or making any claim or submission to it to do so
under oath.
1994 cM-26.1 s200

Part 6
Municipal Organization
and Administration
Council’s principal role in municipal organization

201(1) A council is responsible for
(a) developing and evaluating the policies and programs of
the municipality;
(b) repealed 2015 c8 s20;
(c) carrying out the powers, duties and functions expressly
given to it under this or any other enactment.
(2) A council must not exercise a power or function or perform a
duty that is by this or another enactment or bylaw specifically
assigned to the chief administrative officer or a designated officer.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s201;2015 c8 s20

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Orientation training

201.1(1) A municipality must, in accordance with the regulations,
offer orientation training to each councillor, to be held within 90
days after the councillor takes the oath of office.
(2) The following topics must be addressed in orientation training
required under subsection (1):
(a) role of municipalities in Alberta;
(b) municipal organization and functions;
(c) key municipal plans, policies and projects;
(d) roles and responsibilities of council and councillors;
(e) the municipality’s code of conduct;
(f) roles and responsibilities of the chief administrative
officer and staff;
(g) budgeting and financial administration;
(h) public participation;
(i) any other topic prescribed by the regulations.
(3) The Minister may make regulations respecting orientation
training, including, without limitation, regulations
(a) respecting the delivery of orientation training;
(b) prescribing topics to be addressed in orientation training.
2016 c24 s16

Exercise of certain powers and duties

202(1) Where
(a) this or any other enactment or bylaw requires or
authorizes a municipality to do something, but does not
specify who in the municipality may do it, or
(b) the municipality wishes to exercise its natural person
powers,
the thing may be done or the natural person powers may be
exercised by council or by the chief administrative officer, unless
council specifies otherwise.
(2) Only a council may pass bylaws.
1994 cM-26.1 s202

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Delegation by council

203(1) A council may by bylaw delegate any of its powers, duties
or functions under this or any other enactment or a bylaw to a
council committee, the chief administrative officer or a designated
officer, unless this or any other enactment or bylaw provides
otherwise.
(2) A council may not delegate
(a) its power or duty to pass bylaws,
(b) its power to make, suspend or revoke the appointment of a
person to the position of chief administrative officer,
(c) its power to adopt budgets under Part 8,
(d) its power with respect to taxes under section 347, and
(e) a duty to decide appeals imposed on it by this or another
enactment or bylaw, whether generally or on a case by
case basis, unless the delegation is to a council committee
and authorized by bylaw.
(3) The council when delegating a matter to a council committee,
the chief administrative officer or a designated officer may
authorize the committee or officer to further delegate the matter.
1994 cM-26.1 s203

Municipal office

204 A council must name a place as its municipal office.
1994 cM-26.1 s204

Establishment of chief administrative officer

205(1) Every council must establish by bylaw a position of chief
administrative officer.
(2) Every council must appoint one or more persons to carry out
the powers, duties and functions of the position of chief
administrative officer.
(3) If more than one person is appointed, the council must by
bylaw determine how the powers, duties and functions of the
position of chief administrative officer are to be carried out.
(4) Council may give the position of chief administrative officer
any title the council considers appropriate.

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(5) Council must ensure that the chief administrative officer
appropriately performs the duties and functions and exercises the
powers assigned to the chief administrative officer by this or any
other enactment or by council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s205;2015 c8 s21

Performance evaluation

205.1 A council must provide the chief administrative officer
with an annual written performance evaluation of the results the
chief administrative officer has achieved with respect to fulfilling
the chief administrative officer’s responsibilities under section 207.
1998 c24 s9

Appointment, suspension and revocation

206(1) The appointment of a person to the position of chief
administrative officer may be made, suspended or revoked only if
the majority of the whole council vote to do so.
(2) The appointment of a person to the position of chief
administrative officer may not be revoked or suspended unless the
council notifies the officer, in accordance with subsection (3), that
it is proposing to revoke or suspend the appointment and provides
the officer with its reasons.
(3) The notification and reasons must be in writing and be served
personally on the officer or sent by regular mail to the last known
address of the officer.
(4) If requested by the officer, council must give the officer or the
officer’s representative a reasonable opportunity to be heard before
council.
(5) A chief administrative officer whose appointment is revoked
without cause is, subject to any written agreement between council
and the officer, entitled to reasonable notice or to compensation
instead of reasonable notice.
(6) A chief administrative officer whose appointment is revoked
with cause is, subject to any written agreement between council
and the officer, not entitled to reasonable notice or to compensation
instead of reasonable notice.
1994 cM-26.1 s206;1995 c24 s24

Chief administrative officer’s responsibilities

207 The chief administrative officer
(a) is the administrative head of the municipality;
(b) ensures that the policies and programs of the municipality
are implemented;

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(c) advises and informs the council on the operation and
affairs of the municipality;
(d) performs the duties and functions and exercises the
powers assigned to a chief administrative officer by this
and other enactments or assigned by council.
1994 cM-26.1 s207

Performance of major administrative duties

208(1) The chief administrative officer must ensure that
(a) minutes of each council meeting
(i) are recorded in the English language without note or
comment,
(ii) include the names of the councillors present at the
council meeting,
(iii) are given to council for adoption at a subsequent
council meeting, and
(iv) are recorded in the manner and to the extent required
under section 230(6) when a public hearing is held;
(b) all bylaws, minutes of council meetings and other records
and documents of the municipality are kept safe;
(c) the Minister is sent a list of all the councillors and any
other information the Minister requires within 5 days after
the term of the councillors begins;
(d) the council is advised in writing of its legislative
responsibilities under this Act.
(2) Subsection (1) applies to the chief administrative officer in
respect of council committees that are carrying out the powers,
duties and functions delegated to them by the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s208;2015 c8 s22

Delegation by chief administrative officer

209 A chief administrative officer may delegate any of the chief
administrative officer’s powers, duties or functions under this Act,
including the chief administrative officer’s duties referred to in
section 208(1), or under any other enactment or bylaw to a
designated officer or an employee of the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s209;2015 c8 s23

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Designated officers

210(1) A council may by bylaw establish one or more positions to
carry out the powers, duties and functions of a designated officer
under this or any other enactment or bylaw.
(2) Council may give a position established under subsection (1)
any title the council considers appropriate.
(3) The bylaw must include which of the powers, duties and
functions referred to in subsection (1) are to be exercised by each
position.
(4) Unless otherwise provided by bylaw, all designated officers are
subject to the supervision of and accountable to the chief
administrative officer.
(5) A chief administrative officer may exercise all of the powers,
duties and functions of a designated officer under this or any other
enactment or bylaw if
(a) no position of designated officer has been established by
council,
(b) the position of designated officer is vacant, or
(c) this or any other enactment or bylaw refers to a designated
officer and the power, duty, function or other thing
relating to the designated officer has not been assigned to
any designated officer by council.
1994 cM-26.1 s210

Revocation

211(1) A municipality may revoke with or without cause the
appointment of a person to the position of a designated officer.
(2) A designated officer whose appointment is revoked without
cause is, subject to any written agreement between the municipality
and the officer, entitled to reasonable notice or to compensation
instead of reasonable notice.
(3) A designated officer whose appointment is revoked with cause
is, subject to any written agreement between the municipality and
the officer, not entitled to reasonable notice or to compensation
instead of reasonable notice.
1994 cM-26.1 s211;1995 c24 s25

Delegation by designated officer

212 A designated officer may delegate any of the officer’s
powers, duties or functions under this or any other enactment or
bylaw to an employee of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s212

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Fidelity bond

212.1(1) Starting with the 1998 financial year, the council of each
municipality must annually obtain a fidelity bond, or equivalent
insurance, in an amount the council considers appropriate.
(2) The fidelity bond or equivalent insurance must cover
(a) the chief administrative officer of the municipality,
(b) the designated officers of the municipality, and
(c) other employees of the municipality
while carrying out duties relating to any money or security
belonging to or held by the municipality.
1997 c19 s3

Signing or authorization of municipal documents

213(1) Minutes of council meetings must be signed by
(a) the person presiding at the meeting, and
(b) a designated officer.
(2) When council has delegated a power, duty or function to a
council committee, the minutes of a council committee meeting
that deal with the power, duty or function must be signed by
(a) the person presiding at the meeting, and
(b) a designated officer.
(3) Bylaws must be signed by
(a) the chief elected official, and
(b) a designated officer.
(4) Agreements and cheques and other negotiable instruments
must be signed or authorized
(a) by the chief elected official or by another person
authorized by council to sign them, and
(b) by a designated officer,
or by a designated officer acting alone if so authorized by council.
(5) A signature may be printed, lithographed or otherwise
reproduced if so authorized by council.
1994 cM-26.1 s213

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Chapter M-26

Destruction of records

214(1) A council may authorize the destruction of the original
bylaws and minutes of council meetings if the originals have been
recorded on microfiche or on another system that will enable
copies of the originals to be made.
(2) A council may pass a bylaw respecting the destruction of other
records and documents of the municipality.
(3) A bylaw under subsection (2) must provide that if an
individual’s personal information will be used by the municipality
to make a decision that directly affects the individual, the
municipality must retain the personal information for at least one
year after using it so that the individual has a reasonable
opportunity to obtain access to it.
1994 cM-26.1 s214

Prohibition of certain agreements with employees

215(1) An agreement made on or after January 1, 1995 between a
municipality and an employee of a municipality in which the
municipality is to provide a service or commodity to the employee
is void.
(2) This section does not apply to an agreement
(a) in which the municipality provides a service or
commodity that the municipality supplies to the public
generally, or
(b) respecting the employee’s employment.
1994 cM-26.1 s215

Part 7
Public Participation
216 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s738.
Public participation policy

216.1(1) Every council of a municipality must establish a public
participation policy for the municipality.
(2) A council may amend its public participation policy from time
to time.
(3) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the contents of public participation policies;
(b) respecting the considerations to be taken into account by a
council in establishing its public participation policy;
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(c) setting a date by which every municipality must have its
first public participation policy in place;
(d) respecting requirements for a council to review its public
participation policy periodically and consider whether any
amendments should be made;
(e) respecting requirements to make publicly available a
public participation policy and any amendments made to
it.
(4) Nothing in a public participation policy established under this
section affects any right or obligation that a municipal authority or
any person has under any other provision of this Act.
(5) No resolution or bylaw of a council may be challenged on the
ground that it was made without complying with a public
participation policy established by a resolution of the council.
2015 c8 s24

What information must a municipality provide

217(1), (2) Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s738.
(3) Despite Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act, the chief administrative officer must
provide information on the salaries of councillors, the chief
administrative officer and designated officers of the municipality.
(4), (5) Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s738.
1994 cM-26.1 ss217,738

218 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s738.
Petitions
Rules for petitions

219 Sections 220 to 226 apply to all petitions to a council and the
Minister under this Act, any other enactment or bylaw except to the
extent that they are modified by this Act or any other enactment or,
in respect of petitions to a council, by a bylaw under section 226.1.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s219;2015 c8 s25

CAO duties

220 When the Minister receives a petition, the Minister must
designate a person to carry out the duties of a chief administrative
officer with respect to the petition.
1994 cM-26.1 s220

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Petition sufficiency requirements

221 A petition is sufficient if it meets the requirements of sections
222 to 226 or, where those requirements are modified by bylaw
under section 226.1, if it meets the requirements as modified.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s221;2015 c8 s26

Who can petition

222 Unless otherwise provided in this or any other enactment,
only electors of a municipality are eligible to be petitioners.
1994 cM-26.1 s222

Number of petitioners

223(1) A petition must be signed by the required number of
petitioners.
(2) If requirements for the minimum number of petitioners are not
set out under other provisions of this or any other enactment then,
to be sufficient, the petition must be signed,
(a) in the case of a municipality other than a summer village,
by electors of the municipality equal in number to at least
10% of the population, and
(b) in the case of a summer village, by a number of the
electors of the summer village equal to at least 20% of the
number of summer village residences in the summer
village.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s223;2016 c24 s17

Other requirements for a petition

224(1) A petition must consist of one or more pages, each of
which must contain an identical statement of the purpose of the
petition.
(2) The petition must include, for each petitioner,
(a) the printed surname and printed given names or initials of
the petitioner,
(b) the petitioner’s signature,
(c) the street address of the petitioner or the legal description
of the land on which the petitioner lives,
(c.1) the petitioner’s telephone number or e-mail address, if
any, and
(d) the date on which the petitioner signs the petition.
(3) Each signature must be witnessed by an adult person who must

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(a) sign opposite the signature of the petitioner, and
(b) take an affidavit that to the best of the person’s knowledge
the signatures witnessed are those of persons entitled to
sign the petition.
(3.1) The petition must have attached to it the affidavits referred to
in subsection (3).
(4) The petition must have attached to it a signed statement of a
person stating that
(a) the person is the representative of the petitioners, and
(b) the municipality may direct any inquiries about the
petition to the representative.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s224;2015 c8 s27;2017 c13 s1(17)

Counting petitioners

225(1) A petition must be filed with the chief administrative
officer and the chief administrative officer is responsible for
determining if the petition is sufficient.
(2) No name may be added to or removed from a petition after it
has been filed with the chief administrative officer.
(3) In counting the number of petitioners on a petition there must
be excluded the name of a person
(a) whose signature is not witnessed,
(a.1) whose signature is witnessed but for which no affidavit is
attached to the petition,
(b) whose signature appears on a page of the petition that
does not have the same purpose statement that is
contained on all the other pages of the petition,
(c) whose printed name is not included or is incorrect,
(d) whose street address or legal description of land is not
included or is incorrect,
(e) if the date when the person signed the petition is not
stated,
(f) when a petition is restricted to certain persons,
(i) who is not one of those persons, or
(ii) whose qualification as one of those persons is not, or
is incorrectly, described or set out,
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Chapter M-26

or
(g) who signed the petition more than 60 days before the date
on which the petition was filed with the chief
administrative officer, unless a bylaw under section
226.1(1)(e) provides otherwise.
(4) If 5000 or more petitioners are necessary to make a petition
sufficient, a chief administrative officer may use a random
statistical sampling method with a 95% confidence level to
determine the sufficiency of the petition, instead of counting and
checking each petitioner.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s225;2015 c8 s28;2017 c13 s1(18)

Report on sufficiency of petition

226(1) Within 45 days after the date on which a petition is filed,
the chief administrative officer must make a declaration to the
council or the Minister on whether the petition is sufficient or
insufficient.
(2) Repealed 1995 c24 s26.
(3) If a petition is not sufficient, the council or the Minister is not
required to take any notice of it.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s226;2015 c8 s29

Bylaws modifying petition requirements

226.1(1) Despite sections 219 to 226 and 233(2), a council of a
municipality may by bylaw do any or all of the following:
(a) reduce the percentage required under section 223(2)(a) or
(b), whichever is applicable, for petitions to the council;
(b) allow petitioners to remove their names from petitions to
the council by filing a statutory declaration with the chief
administrative officer no later than 14 days after the
petition is filed with the chief administrative officer;
(c) provide for petitions to the council to be signed
electronically and modify the requirements in sections
224(2) and (3) and 225(3) to the extent the council
considers necessary or appropriate for that purpose;
(d) provide for petitions to the council to be filed with the
chief administrative officer electronically;
(e) extend the time provided in section 233(2) for filing
petitions to the council with the chief administrative
officer.

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(2) A bylaw made or proposed to be made under subsection (1)(a)
cannot be the subject of a petition.
(3) A bylaw made under this section must not take effect earlier
than 90 days after it is passed.
2015 c8 s30

Protection of personal information in petitions

226.2(1) Despite any provision of this Act, the Freedom of
Information and Protection of Privacy Act or any other enactment,
personal information contained in a petition
(a) must not be disclosed to anyone except the chief
administrative officer and the chief administrative
officer’s delegates, if any, and
(b) must not be used for any purpose other than validating the
petition.
(2) Minimal disclosure that occurs inadvertently in the course of
collecting signatures to the petition is not a breach of subsection
(1).
(3) Every page of a petition must contain a statement that the
personal information contained in the petition
(a) will not be disclosed to anyone except the chief
administrative officer and the chief administrative
officer’s delegates, if any, and
(b) will not be used for any purpose other than validating the
petition.
2015 c8 s30

Meetings with the Public
Advertising

227 If council calls a meeting with the public, notice of it must be
advertised and everyone is entitled to attend it.
1994 cM-26.1 s227

Improper conduct

228 The person chairing a meeting with the public may expel a
person from the meeting for improper conduct.
1994 cM-26.1 s228

Petition for meeting

229 If a council receives a sufficient petition requesting that
council call a meeting with the public, the council must call a
meeting with the public to discuss the matters stated in the petition

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and the meeting must be held no later than 30 days after the chief
administrative officer declares the petition to be sufficient.
1994 cM-26.1 s229;1995 c24 s27

Public Hearings
When to hold public hearing

230(1) When this or another enactment requires council to hold a
public hearing on a proposed bylaw or resolution, the public
hearing must be held, unless another enactment specifies otherwise,
(a) before second reading of the bylaw, or
(b) before council votes on the resolution.
(2) When this or another enactment requires a public hearing to be
held on a proposed bylaw or resolution, council must
(a) give notice of the public hearing in accordance with
section 606, and
(b) conduct the public hearing during a regular or special
council meeting.
(3) A council may by bylaw establish procedures for public
hearings.
(4) In the public hearing, council
(a) must hear any person, group of persons, or person
representing them, who claims to be affected by the
proposed bylaw or resolution and who has complied with
the procedures outlined by the council, and
(b) may hear any other person who wishes to make
representations and whom the council agrees to hear.
(5) After considering the representations made to it about a
proposed bylaw or resolution at the public hearing and after
considering any other matter it considers appropriate, the council
may
(a) pass the bylaw or resolution,
(b) make any amendment to the bylaw or resolution it
considers necessary and proceed to pass it without further
advertisement or hearing, or
(c) defeat the bylaw or resolution.

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(6) The minutes of the council meeting during which the public
hearing is held must record the public hearing to the extent directed
by the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s230;2015 c8 s31

Petitions for Vote of the Electors Advertised Bylaws and Resolutions
Petition for vote on advertised bylaws and resolutions

231(1) Except for a bylaw under section 22 or a bylaw or
resolution under Part 17, after a proposed bylaw or resolution that
is required to be advertised under this or another enactment has
been advertised, the electors may submit a petition for a vote of the
electors to determine whether the proposed bylaw or resolution
should be passed.
(2) A separate petition must be filed with respect to each
advertised bylaw or resolution even if a council advertises 2 or
more bylaws or resolutions in a single advertisement.
(3) A petition under this section for a vote of the electors on a
proposed bylaw required to be advertised by Part 8 is not sufficient
unless it is filed with the chief administrative officer within 15 days
after the last date on which the proposed bylaw or resolution is
advertised.
(4) A petition under this section for a vote of the electors on a
proposed bylaw or resolution required to be advertised by another
Part of this Act or another enactment is not sufficient unless it is
filed with the chief administrative officer within 60 days after the
last date on which the proposed bylaw is advertised.
(5) If a sufficient petition is received under this section, the council
must either
(a) decide not to proceed with the proposed bylaw or
resolution, or
(b) decide to proceed with the proposed bylaw or resolution
and submit the bylaw or resolution to a vote of the
electors within 90 days after the chief administrative
officer declares the petition to be sufficient.
(6) If a vote of the electors approves the proposed bylaw or
resolution, the council must proceed to pass it.
(7) If a vote of the electors does not approve the proposed bylaw,
the council must not give the bylaw any further readings and any
previous readings are rescinded.

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(8) If a vote of the electors does not approve the proposed
resolution, the motion for the resolution is rescinded.
(9) If a sufficient petition is not received, the council may pass the
proposed bylaw or resolution.
1994 cM-26.1 s231;1995 c24 s28;1998 c24 s11

Petitions for Vote of the Electors New Bylaws
Petition for bylaw

232(1) Electors may petition for
(a) a new bylaw, or
(b) a bylaw to amend or repeal a bylaw or resolution
on any matter within the jurisdiction of the council under this or
another enactment.
(2) A petition requesting a new bylaw under Part 8, 9, 10 or 17 or
an amendment or repeal of a bylaw or resolution made under Part
8, 9, 10 or 17 has no effect.
1994 cM-26.1 s232;1995 c24 s29;1996 c30 s12

Council’s duty on receiving certain petition

233(1) Except to the extent provided for in section 234, this
section does not apply to a petition under section 232 requesting an
amendment or repeal of a bylaw that council was required to pass
as a result of a vote of the electors.
(2) A petition under section 232 requesting an amendment or
repeal of a bylaw or resolution is not sufficient unless it is filed
with the chief administrative officer within 60 days after the day on
which that bylaw or resolution was passed or, where a bylaw under
section 226.1(1)(e) extends that period, within the extended period.
(3) Within 30 days after the day on which the chief administrative
officer declares a petition submitted under section 232 to be
sufficient, the council must give first reading to a bylaw dealing
with the subject-matter of the petition and any other related matters
the council considers necessary.
(4) If the bylaw is not required to be advertised under this or
another enactment, the council must
(a) within 30 days after the bylaw receiving first reading pass
the bylaw, or
(b) fix a date that is within 90 days after the bylaw receives
first reading for a vote of the electors on the bylaw.
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(5) If the bylaw is required to be advertised under this or another
enactment, the council must
(a) ensure that the bylaw is advertised, or
(b) fix a date that is within 90 days after the bylaw receives
first reading for a vote of the electors on the bylaw.
(6) If the bylaw is advertised and a sufficient petition is not
received under section 231, the council must
(a) pass the bylaw within 30 days after the relevant time
period set out in section 231(3) or (4), or
(b) fix a date that is within 90 days after the relevant time
period set out in section 231(3) or (4) for a vote of the
electors on the bylaw.
(7) If the bylaw is advertised and a sufficient petition is received
under section 231, the council must either
(a) decide not to proceed with the proposed bylaw, or
(b) decide to proceed with the proposed bylaw and submit the
bylaw to a vote of the electors within 90 days after the
chief administrative officer declares the petition to be
sufficient.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s233;2015 c8 s32

Petitions respecting public vote bylaws

234(1) In this section, “public vote bylaw” means a bylaw that
council was required to pass as a result of a vote of the electors.
(2) A petition under section 232 requesting an amendment or
repeal of a public vote bylaw has no effect unless one year has
passed from the date that the public vote bylaw was passed.
(3) If a council receives a sufficient petition under section 232
requesting an amendment or repeal of a public vote bylaw and only
one to 3 years have passed from the date that the public vote bylaw
was passed, the council must, within 30 days after the day on
which the chief administrative officer declares the petition to be
sufficient,
(a) give first reading to a bylaw dealing with the
subject-matter of the petition and any other related matters
the council considers necessary, and
(b) fix a date that is within 90 days after the bylaw receives
first reading for a vote of the electors on the bylaw.

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(4) If council receives a sufficient petition under section 232
requesting an amendment or repeal of a public vote bylaw and
more than 3 years but less than 10 years have passed from the date
that the public vote bylaw was passed,
(a) the amendment or repeal must be treated as a bylaw that is
required to be advertised, and
(b) section 233(3), (5), (6) and (7) apply.
(5) If council receives a sufficient petition under section 232
requesting an amendment or repeal of a public vote bylaw and 10
or more years have passed from the date that the public vote bylaw
was passed, section 233(3) to (7) apply.
1994 cM-26.1 s234;1995 c24 s31

Result of a vote on a question

235(1) If a majority of electors voting on a bylaw under section
233 or 234 vote in favour of a proposed bylaw, the bylaw as
submitted to the vote must be passed by council within 30 days
after the date of the vote, without any alteration affecting its
substance.
(2) If a majority of electors voting oppose the proposed bylaw,
council must not give the bylaw any further readings and all
previous readings are rescinded.
1994 cM-26.1 s235

Vote of the Electors - General Provisions
Electors to vote on a question

236(1) A council may provide for the submission of a question to
be voted on by the electors on any matter over which the
municipality has jurisdiction.
(2) A vote of the electors under subsection (1) does not bind
council.
1994 cM-26.1 s236

Local Authorities Election Act

237 A vote of the electors under this Part must be conducted in
accordance with the Local Authorities Election Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s237

Delaying votes

238(1) If a petition for a vote of the electors is filed with the chief
administrative officer within 12 months before a general election
and a vote of electors is to be conducted because of the petition, the
council may direct that the vote be conducted at the general
election.

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(2) A vote under subsection (1) must be conducted on the date of
the general election whether or not a general election is conducted.
1994 cM-26.1 s238;1995 c24 s32

One year moratorium on similar subject-matter

239 If a vote of the electors is conducted on a bylaw or
resolution, the council may refuse to receive any further petition on
the same or a similar subject filed within one year after the date of
the vote.
1994 cM-26.1 s239

Amendments or repeal of bylaws or resolutions
voted on by electors

240(1) A bylaw or resolution that council was required to pass as
a result of a vote of the electors may be amended or repealed only
if
(a) a vote of the electors is held on the proposed amendment
or repeal and the majority of the electors voting vote in
favour of the proposed amendment or repeal,
(b) three years have passed from the date that the bylaw or
resolution was passed and the proposed amendment or
repeal is advertised, or
(c) ten years have passed from the date that the bylaw or
resolution was passed.
(2) A bylaw or resolution that council was required to pass as a
result of a vote of the electors may be amended if the amendment
does not affect the substance of the bylaw or resolution.
1994 cM-26.1 s240

Part 8
Financial Administration
Definitions

241 In this Part,
(a) “accounting standards” means the Canadian generally
accepted accounting principles for municipal
governments, which are the standards approved by the
Public Sector Accounting Board included in the CPA
Canada Public Sector Accounting Handbook published by
the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada, as
amended from time to time;
(a.01) “amortization” and “tangible capital assets” have the same
meaning as in the CPA Canada Public Sector Accounting
Handbook published by the Chartered Professional
Accountants of Canada, as amended from time to time;
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(a.02) “annual budget” means a combined operating budget and
capital budget for the calendar year determined on a basis
consistent with accounting standards and the requirements
of this Part;
(a.1) “borrowing” means the borrowing of money and includes
(i) borrowing to refinance, redeem or restructure
existing debt,
(ii) a lease of capital property with a fixed term beyond 5
years or a fixed term of 5 years or less but with a
right of renewal that would, if exercised, extend the
original term beyond 5 years, and
(iii) an agreement to purchase capital property that
creates an interest in the capital property to secure
payment of the capital property’s purchase price if
payment of the purchase price under the agreement
exceeds 5 years;
(b) “borrowing bylaw” means a bylaw referred to in section
251;
(c) “capital property” means property that
(i) is used in the production or supply of goods and
services or is used for a municipal purpose,
(ii) has a useful life extending beyond 12 months and is
intended to be used on a continuing basis, and
(iii) is not intended for sale in the ordinary course of
operations;
(d) “controlled corporation” means a corporation controlled
by a municipality;
(e) “debt limit” means the debt limit for a municipality
determined in accordance with the regulations under
section 271;
(f) “non-profit organization” means
(i) a society, credit union or co-operative established
under a law of Canada or Alberta,
(ii) a corporation that is prohibited from paying
dividends to its members and distributing the assets
to its members on a winding-up, or

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(iii) any other entity established under a law of Canada or
Alberta for a purpose other than to make a profit.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s241;2015 c8 s33

Budgets
Adoption of operating budget

242(1) Each council must adopt an operating budget for each
calendar year.
(2) A council may adopt an interim operating budget for part of a
calendar year.
(3) An interim operating budget for a part of a calendar year ceases
to have any effect when the operating budget for that calendar year
is adopted.
1994 cM-26.1 s242

Contents of operating budget

243(1) An operating budget must include the estimated amount of
each of the following expenditures and transfers:
(a) the amount needed to provide for the council’s policies
and programs;
(b) the amount needed to pay the debt obligations in respect
of borrowings made to acquire, construct, remove or
improve capital property;
(b.1) the amount of expenditures and transfers needed to meet
the municipality’s obligations as a member of a growth
management board;
(c) the amount needed to meet the requisitions or other
amounts that the municipality is required to pay under an
enactment;
(d) if necessary, the amount needed to provide for a
depreciation or depletion allowance, or both, for its
municipal public utilities as defined in section 28;
(e) the amount to be transferred to reserves;
(f) the amount to be transferred to the capital budget;
(g) the amount needed to recover any shortfall as required
under section 244.
(2) An operating budget must include the estimated amount of
each of the following sources of revenue and transfers:
(a) property tax;
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(b) business tax;
(c) business improvement area tax;
(c.1) community revitalization levy;
(d) special tax;
(e) well drilling equipment tax;
(f) local improvement tax;
(f.1) community aggregate payment levy;
(g) grants;
(h) transfers from the municipality’s accumulated surplus
funds or reserves;
(i) any other source.
(3) The estimated revenue and transfers under subsection (2) must
be at least sufficient to pay the estimated expenditures and transfers
under subsection (1).
(3.1) For the purposes of subsection (3), the estimated
expenditures referred to in that subsection do not include any
amortization of tangible capital assets unless the amortization is an
amount required to provide for amortization of the tangible capital
assets of a municipality’s municipal public utilities as defined in
section 28.
(4) The Minister may make regulations respecting budgets and that
define terms used in this section that are not defined in section 241.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s243;2005 c14 s3;2015 c8 s34;
2016 c24 s19.1;2017 c13 ss1(19), 2

Financial shortfall

244(1) If the accumulated surplus, net of equity in tangible capital
assets, is less than zero, the municipality must include a budgeted
expenditure in the next calendar year that is sufficient to recover
the shortfall.
(2) If a municipality has a shortfall referred to in subsection (1),
the municipality may, with the Minister’s approval, allocate the
expenditures to cover the shortfall over more than one calendar
year.
(3) If for any given year a municipality has a shortfall referred to
in subsection (1), the Minister may, if the Minister considers it
necessary to do so, establish that municipality’s annual budget for
the next calendar year, and that annual budget
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(a) is for all purposes the municipality’s annual budget for
that calendar year, and
(b) may not be amended or replaced by council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s244;2015 c8 s35

Adoption of capital budget

245 Each council must adopt a capital budget for each calendar
year.
1994 cM-26.1 s245

Contents of capital budget

246 A capital budget must include the estimated amount for the
following:
(a) the amount needed to acquire, construct, remove or
improve capital property;
(b) the anticipated sources and amounts of money to pay the
costs referred to in clause (a);
(c) the amount to be transferred from the operating budget.
1994 cM-26.1 s246

Tax bylaws

247 No municipality may pass a property tax bylaw or business
tax rate bylaw in respect of a year unless the operating and capital
budget for that year have been adopted by council or established by
the Minister under section 244.
1994 cM-26.1 s247

Expenditure of money

248(1) A municipality may only make an expenditure that is
(a) included in an operating budget, interim operating budget
or capital budget or otherwise authorized by the council,
(b) for an emergency, or
(c) legally required to be paid.
(2) Each council must establish procedures to authorize and verify
expenditures that are not included in a budget.
(3) If the Minister establishes a budget for a municipality under
section 244, the municipality may not make an expenditure that is
not included in the budget unless the expenditure is
(a) authorized by the Minister,
(b) for an emergency, or
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(c) legally required to be paid.
1994 cM-26.1 s248

Annual budget

248.1(1) A council may adopt an annual budget in a format that is
consistent with its financial statements.
(2) For the purposes of sections 247 and 248, the adoption of an
annual budget is equivalent to the adoption of an operating budget
under section 242 or the adoption of a capital budget under section
245.
2015 c8 s36

Civil liability of councillors

249(1) A councillor who
(a) makes an expenditure that is not authorized under section
248,
(b) votes to spend money that has been obtained under a
borrowing on something that is not within the purpose for
which the money was borrowed, or
(c) votes to spend money that has been obtained under a grant
on something that is not within the purpose for which the
grant was given
is liable to the municipality for the expenditure or amount spent.
(2) A councillor is not liable under subsection (1)(b) if spending
the money is allowed under section 253(2).
(3) If more than one councillor is liable to the municipality under
this section in respect of a particular expenditure or vote, the
councillors are jointly and severally liable to the municipality for
the expenditure or amount spent.
(4) The liability may be enforced by action by
(a) the municipality,
(b) an elector or taxpayer of the municipality, or
(c) a person who holds a security under a borrowing made by
the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s249

Investments
Authorized investments

250(1) In this section, “securities” includes bonds, debentures,
trust certificates, guaranteed investment certificates or receipts,
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certificates of deposit, deposit receipts, bills, notes and mortgages
of real estate or leaseholds and rights or interests in respect of a
security.
(2) A municipality may only invest its money in the following:
(a) securities issued or guaranteed by
(i) the Crown in right of Canada or an agent of the
Crown, or
(ii) the Crown in right of a province or territory or an
agent of a province or territory;
(b) securities of a municipality, school division, school
district, hospital district, health region under the Regional
Health Authorities Act or regional services commission in
Alberta;
(c) securities that are issued or guaranteed by a bank, treasury
branch, credit union or trust corporation;
(d) units in pooled funds of all or any of the investments
described in clauses (a) to (c);
(e) shares of a corporation incorporated or continued under
the Canada Business Corporations Act (Canada) or
incorporated, continued or registered under the Business
Corporations Act if the investment is approved by the
Minister.
(3) The approval of the Minister under subsection (2)(e) may
contain conditions and a municipality may not acquire shares of a
corporation under subsection (2)(e) if the acquisition would allow
the municipality to control the corporation.
(4) In addition to the investments referred to in subsection (2), the
Minister may by regulation allow one or more municipalities to
invest their money in other investments described in the regulation.
(5) Nothing in this section prevents a municipality from acquiring
a share or membership in a non-profit organization.
1994 cM-26.1 s250;1994 cR-9.07 s25(24)

Borrowing
Borrowing bylaw

251(1) A municipality may only make a borrowing if the
borrowing is authorized by a borrowing bylaw.
(2) A borrowing bylaw must set out
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(a) the amount of money to be borrowed and, in general
terms, the purpose for which the money is borrowed;
(b) the maximum rate of interest, the term and the terms of
repayment of the borrowing;
(c) the source or sources of money to be used to pay the
principal and interest owing under the borrowing.
(3) A borrowing bylaw must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s251

Debt limit

252 No municipality may make a borrowing if the borrowing will
cause the municipality to exceed its debt limit, unless the
borrowing is approved by the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s252

Use of borrowed money

253(1) Money obtained by a municipality under a borrowing must
be used for the purpose for which it is borrowed.
(2) Money obtained by a municipality under a borrowing for the
purpose of financing a capital property may be used for an
operating purpose if the amount spent is available when it is needed
for the capital property.
1994 cM-26.1 s253

Capital property

254 No municipality may acquire, remove or start the
construction or improvement of a capital property that is to be
financed in whole or in part through a borrowing unless the
borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing is passed.
1994 cM-26.1 s254

Exemption from borrowing conditions

255(1) The Minister may, in respect of a particular borrowing,
exempt a municipality from any requirement in sections 256 to
263.
(2) The Regulations Act does not apply to an exemption made
under this section.
1994 cM-26.1 s255

Operating expenditures

256(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of financing operating expenditures.
(2) The amount to be borrowed, together with the unpaid principal
of other borrowings made for the purpose of financing operating

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expenditures, must not exceed the amount the municipality
estimates will be raised in taxes in the year the borrowing is made.
(3) A borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing does not
have to be advertised if the term of the borrowing does not exceed
3 years.
1994 cM-26.1 s256

Capital property - short-term borrowing

257(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of financing a capital property when the term of the borrowing is 5
years or less.
(2) The expenditure for the capital property must be included in a
budget.
(3) Repealed 1998 c24 s13.
(4) A borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing does not
have to be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s257;1996 c30 s14;1998 c24 s13

Capital property - long-term borrowing

258(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of financing a capital property when the term of the borrowing
exceeds 5 years.
(2) This section does not apply to a borrowing referred to in
section 263.
(3) The expenditure for the capital property must be included in a
budget.
(4) The term of the borrowing must not exceed the probable
lifetime of the capital property.
(5) If
(a) a borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing has been
passed,
(b) the money to be borrowed is insufficient because the cost
of the capital property has increased, and
(c) the increased cost does not exceed 15% of the original
cost of the capital property,
the borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing of the increased
cost does not have to be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s258;1996 c30 s15

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Capital property - interim financing

259(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of temporarily financing a capital property for which a borrowing
bylaw has been passed under section 258.
(2) The term of the borrowing must not exceed 5 years.
(3) The amount borrowed must not exceed the
(a) amount of the expenditures in the budget for that and
previous calendar years to acquire, construct or improve
the capital property,
minus
(b) any money received for the capital property from any
other source, including previous borrowings under this
Part.
(4) A borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing referred to in
subsection (1) does not have to be advertised.
(5) Section 257 does not apply to a borrowing referred to in
subsection (1).
1994 cM-26.1 s259;1996 c30 s16

Special works

260 If the purpose of a borrowing is to finance the acquisition,
construction, removal or improvement of capital property ordered
under an enactment, the borrowing bylaw for that borrowing does
not have to be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s260

Refinancing

261 If the purpose of a proposed borrowing is to refinance,
redeem or restructure the unpaid principal of one or more existing
borrowings and the amount and term of the proposed borrowing do
not exceed the unpaid principal of the existing borrowings and the
longest remaining term of the existing borrowings, the borrowing
bylaw for the proposed borrowing does not have to be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s261

Services or activities that are funded by agreement

262(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of financing a service or activity that the municipality will provide
under an agreement
(a) between the municipality and another local authority or
the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada or an agent of
either Crown, and
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(b) that provides that the municipality is to receive payments
for providing the service or activity.
(2) The amount borrowed must not exceed the amount that will be
paid to the municipality under the agreement.
(3) The term of the borrowing must not continue beyond the date
on which the final payment under the agreement is received by the
municipality.
(4) A borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing does not
have to be advertised.
(5) Payments received by the municipality under the agreement
must be applied first to reducing the amount borrowed.
(6) Sections 256 to 259 do not apply to a borrowing referred to in
subsection (1).
1994 cM-26.1 s262

Local improvements

263(1) This section applies to a borrowing made for the purpose
of financing the cost of a local improvement to be funded in whole
or in part by a local improvement tax.
(2) The borrowing bylaw that authorizes the borrowing does not
have to be advertised if the amount to be financed by the local
improvement tax to pay for the local improvement is equal to or
greater than the amount that the municipality will contribute to pay
for the local improvement other than through the local
improvement tax.
(3) For the purpose of calculating the amount that the municipality
will contribute referred to in subsection (2), the amount does not
include any financial assistance the municipality receives for the
local improvement from a government, government agency,
corporation or individual.
1994 cM-26.1 s263

Loans and Guarantees
Purpose of loans and guarantees

264(1) A municipality may only lend money or guarantee the
repayment of a loan if
(a) the loan or guarantee is made under subsection (2) or (3),
(b) the loan is made to one of its controlled corporations, or
(c) the guarantee is made in respect of a loan between a
lender and one of its controlled corporations.
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(2) A municipality may
(a) lend money to a non-profit organization, or
(b) guarantee the repayment of a loan between a lender and a
non-profit organization
if the council considers that the money loaned or money obtained
under the loan that is guaranteed will be used for a purpose that
will benefit the municipality.
(3) A municipality that intends to purchase gas from and become a
shareholder of the designated seller within the meaning of section
30(1) of the Gas Distribution Act, SA 1994 cG-1.5 as it read on
June 30, 1998, may make a loan to the designated seller as part of
the capitalization of the designated seller by its shareholders.
1994 cM-26.1 s264;1998 c26 s13

Loan bylaws

265(1) A municipality may only lend money to a non-profit
organization, one of its controlled corporations or the designated
seller within the meaning of section 30(1) of the Gas Distribution
Act, SA 1994 cG-1.5 as it read on June 30, 1998, if the loan is
authorized by bylaw.
(2) The bylaw authorizing the loan must set out
(a) the amount of money to be loaned and, in general terms,
the purpose for which the money that is loaned is to be
used;
(b) the minimum rate of interest, the term and the terms of
repayment of the loan;
(c) the source or sources of the money to be loaned.
(3) The bylaw that authorizes the loan must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s265;1998 c26 s13

Guarantee bylaw

266(1) A municipality may only guarantee the repayment of a
loan between a lender and a non-profit organization or one of its
controlled corporations if the guarantee is authorized by bylaw.
(2) The bylaw authorizing the guarantee must set out
(a) the amount of money to be borrowed under the loan to be
guaranteed and, in general terms, the purpose for which
the money is borrowed;

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(b) the rate of interest under the loan or how the rate of
interest is calculated, the term and the terms of repayment
of the loan;
(c) the source or sources of the money to be used to pay the
principal and interest owing under the loan if the
municipality is required to do so under the guarantee.
(3) The bylaw that authorizes the guarantee must be advertised.
1994 cM-26.1 s266

267 Repealed 1998 c24 s14.
Debt limit

268 No municipality may lend money or guarantee the repayment
of a loan referred to in section 264 if making the loan or guarantee
will cause the municipality to exceed its debt limit, unless the loan
or guarantee is approved by the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s268

Financial records and receipts

268.1 A municipality must ensure that
(a) accurate records and accounts are kept of the
municipality’s financial affairs, including the things on
which a municipality’s debt limit is based and the things
included in the definition of debt for that municipality;
(b) the actual revenues and expenditures of the municipality
compared with the estimates in the operating or capital
budget approved by council are reported to council as
often as council directs;
(c) the revenues of the municipality are collected and
controlled and receipts issued in the manner directed by
council.
2015 c8 s37

General Matters
Financial year

269 The financial year of a municipality is the calendar year.
1994 cM-26.1 s269

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Municipal accounts

270(1) Only a designated officer or a person authorized by bylaw
may open or close the accounts that hold the money of a
municipality.
(2) A municipality must ensure that all money belonging to or held
by the municipality is deposited in a bank, credit union, loan
corporation, treasury branch or trust corporation designated by
council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s270;2015 c8 s38

Regulations

271(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the financial administration of specialized
municipalities;
(b) establishing limits and restrictions on a municipality’s
power to make grants;
(c) respecting how a debt limit for a municipality is
determined;
(d) defining debt for the purposes of determining if a
municipality has exceeded its debt limit and the definition
may include anything related to a municipality’s finances,
including things relating to the finances of a controlled
corporation;
(e) exempting a municipality from the requirement of this
Part respecting debt limits.
(2) The regulations may establish different methods of determining
debt limits and different definitions of debt for different
municipalities.
1994 cM-26.1 s271

Seal and signatures

272(1) After a legal instrument issued under a borrowing has been
signed and sealed by the municipality, the signatures and seal may
be reproduced and the reproduction has the same effect as if the
signatures or seal had been personally signed or affixed.
(2) A municipality must ensure that its corporate seal, if any, is
kept safe.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s272;2015 c8 s39

Validity of borrowings, loans and guarantees

273(1) A borrowing made by a municipality and a loan or
guarantee of a loan made by a municipality under section 264 and
any legal instrument issued under the borrowing, loan or guarantee
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is valid and binding on the municipality and is not open to question
in any court if the borrowing is authorized by a borrowing bylaw or
the loan or guarantee is authorized by bylaw.
(2) A borrowing bylaw or a bylaw authorizing a loan or guarantee
is, for the purposes of this section, a valid bylaw if
(a) no application has been made to the Court of Queen’s
Bench to have the bylaw declared invalid within 30 days
after the bylaw has been passed, or
(b) an application has been made to the Court of Queen’s
Bench to have the bylaw declared invalid within 30 days
after the bylaw has been passed and, on the final
disposition of the application and any appeal, the
application is dismissed.
1994 cM-26.1 s273

Application of money borrowed

274 A person lending money to a municipality under a borrowing
does not have to verify that the money is applied to the purpose for
which it is borrowed.
1994 cM-26.1 s274

Civil liability of councillors

275(1) When a municipality makes a borrowing, loan or
guarantees the repayment of a loan that causes the municipality to
exceed its debt limit, a councillor who voted for the bylaw
authorizing the borrowing, loan or guarantee is liable to the
municipality for the amount borrowed, loaned or guaranteed,
unless the borrowing, loan or guarantee has been approved by the
Minister.
(2) If subsection (1) applies to more than one councillor in respect
of a bylaw, the councillors are jointly and severally liable to the
municipality for the amount borrowed, loaned or guaranteed under
the bylaw.
(3) The liability may be enforced by action by
(a) the municipality,
(b) an elector or taxpayer of the municipality, or
(c) a person who holds a security under a borrowing made by
the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s275

Expense allowance

275.1(1) In this section, “remuneration” includes salaries,
indemnities, honorariums and allowances.
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(2) One third of the remuneration paid in 1999 and later years by a
municipality to a councillor is deemed to be an allowance for
expenses that are incidental to the discharge of the councillor’s
duties.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a councillor’s remuneration
paid in a year if there is in force during all or any part of that year a
bylaw or resolution of council establishing that a portion other than
1/3 of the councillor’s remuneration is an allowance for expenses
that are incidental to the discharge of the councillor’s duties.
1999 c32 s14

Annual Financial Statements
and Auditor’s Report
Annual financial statements

276(1) Each municipality must prepare annual financial
statements of the municipality for the immediately preceding year
in accordance with
(a) Canadian generally accepted accounting principles for
municipal governments, which are the standards approved
by the Public Sector Accounting Board included in the
CPA Canada Public Sector Accounting Handbook
published by the Chartered Professional Accountants of
Canada, as amended from time to time, and
(b) any modification of the principles or any supplementary
accounting standards or principles established by the
Minister by regulation.
(2) The municipality’s financial statements must include
(a) the municipality’s debt limit, and
(b) the amount of the municipality’s debt as defined in the
regulations under section 271.
(3) Each municipality must make its financial statements, or a
summary of them, and the auditor’s report of the financial
statements available to the public in the manner the council
considers appropriate by May 1 of the year following the year for
which the financial statements have been prepared.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s276;2014 cC-10.2 s181

Financial information return

277(1) Each municipality must prepare a financial information
return respecting the financial affairs of the municipality for the
immediately preceding calendar year.

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(2) The Minister may establish requirements respecting the
financial information return, including requirements respecting the
accounting principles and standards to be used in preparing the
return.
1994 cM-26.1 s277;1995 c24 s34

Returns and reports to Minister

278 Each municipality must submit
(a) its financial information return and the auditor’s report on
the financial information return, and
(b) its financial statements and the auditor’s report on the
financial statements
to the Minister by May 1 of the year following the year for which
the financial information return and statements have been prepared.
1994 cM-26.1 s278

Financial statements for controlled corporations

279 Each controlled corporation must prepare annual financial
statements in accordance with
(a) the requirements of the legislation under which the
corporation was formed, and
(b) if there are no requirements, Canadian generally accepted
accounting principles, which are the accounting standards
set out in the CPA Canada Handbook, as published by the
Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada from time
to time.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s279;2014 cC-10.2 s181

Auditors

280(1) Each council must appoint one or more auditors for the
municipality.
(2) Each council must appoint one or more auditors for each of its
controlled corporations if there is no statutory requirement for an
audit of the accounts of the controlled corporation.
(3) A council may not appoint a councillor, an employee of the
municipality or an employee of one of its controlled corporations
to be an auditor.
(4) The council of the City of Edmonton or of the City of Calgary
may, on the approval of the Minister, appoint by bylaw an
employee of the municipality to be the auditor for the municipality
if the person is a chartered professional accountant and reports
directly to the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s280;2014 cC-10.2 s181

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Auditor’s reports

281(1) The auditor for the municipality must report to the council
on the annual financial statements and financial information return
of the municipality.
(2) The reports on the annual financial statements and financial
information return must be in accordance with
(a) Canadian generally accepted accounting principles for
municipal governments, which are the standards approved
by the Public Sector Accounting Board included in the
CPA Canada Public Sector Accounting Handbook
published by the Chartered Professional Accountants of
Canada, as amended from time to time, and
(b) any modifications of the principles referred to in clause
(a) or any supplementary principles established by the
Minister by regulation.
(3) The auditor must separately report to the council any improper
or unauthorized transaction or non-compliance with this or another
enactment or a bylaw that is noted during the course of an audit.
(4) The council or the Minister may require any further
examination and report from the auditor.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s281;2014 cC-10.2 s181

Auditor appointed by Minister

282(1) The Minister may appoint one or more auditors to audit the
books and accounts of a municipality if the Minister considers the
audit to be needed or
(a) on the request of the council,
(b) on the request of not fewer than 1/3 of the councillors on
the council, or
(c) on receiving a sufficient petition from the electors of the
municipality requesting the appointment of an auditor.
(2) The municipality is liable to the Minister for the costs of the
audit as determined by the Minister.
(3) The auditor must submit the auditor’s report to the Minister
and to council.
1994 cM-26.1 s282

Access to information by auditors

283(1) An auditor appointed by the council or the Minister is at all
reasonable times and for any purpose related to an audit entitled to
access to
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(a) the records of the municipality, and
(b) data processing equipment owned or leased by the
municipality.
(2) A councillor, chief administrative officer, designated officer,
employee or agent of, or a consultant to, a municipality must give
the auditor any information, reports or explanations the auditor
considers necessary.
(3) An auditor who receives information from a person whose
right to disclose that information is restricted by law holds that
information under the same restrictions respecting disclosure that
govern the person from whom the information was obtained.
1994 cM-26.1 s283

Financial Plans and
Capital Plans
Required plans

283.1(1) In this section,
(a) “capital plan” means a plan referred to in subsection (3);
(b) “financial plan” means a plan referred to in subsection (2).
(2) Each municipality must prepare a written plan respecting its
anticipated financial operations over a period of at least the next 3
financial years.
(3) Each municipality must prepare a written plan respecting its
anticipated capital property additions over a period of at least the
next 5 financial years.
(4) The 3 financial years referred to in subsection (2) and the 5
financial years referred to in subsection (3) do not include the
financial year in which the financial plan or capital plan is
prepared.
(5) Council may elect to include more than 3 financial years in a
financial plan or more than 5 financial years in a capital plan.
(6) Council must annually review and update its financial plan and
capital plan.
(7) The Minister may make regulations respecting financial plans
and capital plans, including, without limitation, regulations
(a) respecting the form and contents of financial plans and
capital plans;

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(b) specifying the first financial year required to be reflected
in a financial plan;
(c) specifying the first financial year required to be reflected
in a capital plan.
2015 c8 s40

Part 9
Assessment of Property
Interpretation provisions for Parts 9 to 12

284(1) In this Part and Parts 10, 11 and 12,
(a) “assessed person” means a person who is named on an
assessment roll in accordance with section 304;
(b) “assessed property” means property in respect of which an
assessment has been prepared;
(c) “assessment” means a value of property determined in
accordance with this Part and the regulations;
(d) “assessor” means
(i) the provincial assessor, or
(ii) a municipal assessor,
and includes any person to whom those duties and
responsibilities are delegated by the person referred to in
subclause (i) or (ii);
(e) “council” includes
(i) a collecting board that is authorized under section
180 of the School Act to impose and collect taxes in a
district as defined in that Act, and
(ii) the Minister, in respect of an improvement district or
special area;
(f) “Crown” means the Crown in right of Alberta, and
includes a Provincial agency as defined in the Financial
Administration Act and an agent of the Crown in right of
Alberta;
(f.01) “designated industrial property” means
(i) facilities regulated by the Alberta Energy Regulator,
the Alberta Utilities Commission or the National
Energy Board,
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(ii) linear property,
(iii) property designated as a major plant by the
regulations,
(iv) land and improvements in respect of a parcel of land
where that parcel of land contains property described
in subclause (i) or (iii), and
(v) land and improvements in respect of land in which a
leasehold interest is held where the land is not
registered in a land titles office and contains property
described in subclause (i) or (iii);
(f.1) “designated manufactured home” means a manufactured
home, mobile home, modular home or travel trailer;
(g) repealed 2016 c24 s21;
(g.1) “extended area network” has the meaning given to it in
the regulations;
(h) “farm building” has the meaning given to it in the
regulations;
(i) “farming operations” has the meaning given to it in the
regulations;
(j) “improvement” means
(i) a structure,
(ii) any thing attached or secured to a structure, that
would be transferred without special mention by a
transfer or sale of the structure,
(iii) a designated manufactured home, and
(iv) machinery and equipment;
(k) “linear property” means
(i) electric power systems, which has the meaning given
to that term in the regulations,
(ii) street lighting systems, which has the meaning given
to that term in the regulations,
(iii) telecommunication systems, which has the meaning
given to that term in the regulations,

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(iv) pipelines, which has the meaning given to that term
in the regulations,
(v) railway property, which has the meaning given to
that term in the regulations, and
(vi) wells, which has the meaning given to that term in
the regulations;
(l) “machinery and equipment” has the meaning given to it in
the regulations;
(m) “manufactured home” means any structure, whether
ordinarily equipped with wheels or not, that is
manufactured to meet or exceed the Canadian Standards
Association standard CSA Z240 and that is used as a
residence or for any other purpose;
(n) “manufactured home community” means a parcel of land
that
(i) is designated in the land use bylaw of a municipality
as a manufactured home community, and
(ii) includes at least 3 designated manufactured home
sites that are rented or available for rent;
(n.1) “mobile home” means a structure that is designed to be
towed or carried from place to place and that is used as a
residence or for any other purpose, but that does not meet
Canadian Standards Association standard CSA Z240;
(n.2) “modular home” means a home that is constructed from a
number of pre-assembled units that are intended for
delivery to and assembly at a residential site;
(n.3) “municipal assessment roll” means the assessment roll
prepared by a municipality under section 302(1);
(n.4) “municipal assessor” means a designated officer
appointed under section 284.2 to carry out the functions,
duties and powers of a municipal assessor under this Act;
(o) “municipality” includes
(i) a district, as defined in the School Act, in which a
collecting board is authorized under section 180 of
that Act to impose and collect taxes or, where the
district is authorized or required to act, the collecting
board, and

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(ii) an improvement district and a special area or, where
the improvement district or special area is authorized
or required to act, the Minister;
(o.1) “operational” has the meaning given to it in the
regulations;
(p) “operator” has the meaning given to it in the regulations;
(q) “owner”, in respect of a designated manufactured home,
means the owner of the designated manufactured home
and not the person in lawful possession of it;
(r) “property” means
(i) a parcel of land,
(ii) an improvement, or
(iii) a parcel of land and the improvements to it;
(r.1) “provincial assessment roll” means the assessment roll
prepared by the provincial assessor under section 302(2);
(r.2) “provincial assessor” means the provincial assessor
designated under section 284.1;
(s), (t) repealed 2016 c24 s21;
(u) “structure” means a building or other thing erected or
placed in, on, over or under land, whether or not it is so
affixed to the land as to become transferred without
special mention by a transfer or sale of the land;
(u.1) “SuperNet” has the meaning given to it in the regulations;
(v), (w) repealed 2016 c24 s21;
(w.1) “travel trailer” means a trailer intended to provide
accommodation for vacation use and licensed and
equipped to travel on a road;
(x) “year” means a 12-month period beginning on January 1
and ending on the next December 31.
(2) In this Part and Parts 10, 11 and 12, a reference to a parcel of
land that is held under a lease, licence or permit from the Crown in
right of Alberta or Canada includes a part of the parcel.
(2.1) For the purposes of subsection (1)(f.01)(i), a facility
regulated by the Alberta Energy Regulator, the Alberta Utilities
Commission or the National Energy Board includes all components
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of the facility, including any machinery and equipment, buildings
and structures servicing or related to the facility and land on which
the facility is located.
(3) For the purposes of this Part and Parts 10, 11 and 12, any
document, including an assessment notice and a tax notice, that is
required to be sent to a person is deemed to be sent on the day the
document is mailed or otherwise delivered to that person.
(4) In this Part and Parts 11 and 12, “complaint deadline” means
60 days after the notice of assessment date set under section 308.1
or 324(2)(a.1).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s284; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17);2007 c42 s3;
2009 c29 s2;2015 c8 s41;2016 c24 ss21,140;2017 c13 s1(20)

Provincial assessor

284.1(1) The Minister must designate a person having the
qualifications set out in the regulations as the provincial assessor to
carry out the functions, duties and powers of the provincial assessor
under this Act.
(2) Subject to the regulations, the provincial assessor may delegate
to any person any power or duty conferred or imposed on the
provincial assessor by this Act.
(3) The provincial assessor is not liable for loss or damage caused
by anything said or done or omitted to be done in good faith in the
performance or intended performance of the provincial assessor’s
functions, duties or powers under this Act or any other enactment.
2016 c24 s22

Municipal assessor

284.2(1) A municipality must appoint a person having the
qualifications set out in the regulations to the position of designated
officer to carry out the functions, duties and powers of a municipal
assessor under this Act.
(2) Subject to the regulations, a municipal assessor may delegate
to any person any power or duty conferred or imposed on the
municipal assessor by this Act.
(3) A municipal assessor is not liable for loss or damage caused by
anything said or done or omitted to be done in good faith in the
performance or intended performance of the municipal assessor’s
functions, duties or powers under this Act or any other enactment.
2016 c24 s22

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Division 1
Preparation of Assessments
Preparing annual assessments

285 Each municipality must prepare annually an assessment for
each property in the municipality, except designated industrial
property and the property listed in section 298.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s285;2002 c19 s2;2016 c24 s135

286 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s286.
287 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s287.
288 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s288.
Assessments for property other than
designated industrial property

289(1) Assessments for all property in a municipality, other than
designated industrial property, must be prepared by the municipal
assessor.
(2) Each assessment must reflect
(a) the characteristics and physical condition of the property
on December 31 of the year prior to the year in which a
tax is imposed under Part 10 in respect of the property,
and
(b) the valuation and other standards set out in the regulations
for that property.
(2.1) If the provincial assessor and a municipal assessor assess the
same property, the municipality in which the property is situated
must rescind the municipal assessment and notify the assessed
person.
(3), (4) Repealed 2016 c24 s23.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s289;2009 c29 s3;2016 c24 s23

Land to be assessed as a parcel

290(1) If a parcel of land is located in more than one municipality,
the assessor must prepare an assessment for the part of the parcel
that is located in the municipality in which the assessor has the
authority to act, as if that part of the parcel is a separate parcel of
land.
(2) Any area of land forming part of a right of way for a railway,
irrigation works as defined in the Irrigation Districts Act or
drainage works as defined in the Drainage Districts Act but used
for purposes other than the operation of the railway, irrigation
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works or drainage works must be assessed as if it is a parcel of
land.
(3) Any area of land that is owned by the Crown in right of Alberta
or Canada and is the subject of a grazing lease or grazing permit
granted by either Crown must be assessed as if it is a parcel of land.
(4) Repealed 1995 c24 s37.
1994 cM-26.1 s290;1995 c24 s37;1999 cI-11.7 s214

Assessment of condominium unit

290.1(1) Each unit and the share in the common property that is
assigned to the unit must be assessed
(a) in the case of a bare land condominium, as if it is a parcel
of land, or
(b) in any other case, as if it is a parcel of land and the
improvements to it.
(2) In this section, “unit” and “share in the common property”
have the meanings given to them in the Condominium Property
Act.
1995 c24 s38

Assessment of strata space

290.2 Each strata space as defined in section 86 of the Land
Titles Act must be assessed as if it is a parcel of land and the
improvements to it.
1995 c24 s38

Rules for assessing improvements

291(1) Unless subsection (2) applies, an assessment must be
prepared for an improvement whether or not it is complete or
capable of being used for its intended purpose.
(2) No assessment is to be prepared
(a) for new linear property that is not operational on or before
October 31,
(b) for new improvements, other than designated industrial
property improvements, that are intended to be used for or
in connection with a manufacturing or processing
operation and that are not operational on or before
December 31,
(c) for new designated industrial property improvements,
other than linear property, that are intended to be used for
or in connection with a manufacturing or processing

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operation and that are not operational on or before
October 31,
(d) for new improvements, other than designated industrial
property improvements, that are intended to be used for
the storage of materials manufactured or processed by the
improvements referred to in clause (b), if the
improvements referred to in clause (b) are not operational
on or before December 31, or
(e) for new designated industrial property improvements,
other than linear property, that are intended to be used for
the storage of materials manufactured or processed by the
improvements referred to in clause (c), if the
improvements referred to in clause (c) are not operational
on or before October 31.
(3) to (5) Repealed 2016 c24 s24.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s291;2008 c24 s2;2016 c24 s24

Assessments for designated industrial property

292(1) Assessments for designated industrial property must be
prepared by the provincial assessor.
(2) Each assessment must reflect
(a) the valuation standard set out in the regulations for
designated industrial property, and
(b) the specifications and characteristics of the designated
industrial property as specified in the regulations.
(2.1) The specifications and characteristics of the designated
industrial property referred to in subsection (2)(b) must reflect
(a) the records of the Alberta Energy Regulator, the Alberta
Utilities Commission or the National Energy Board, as the
case may be, on October 31 of the year prior to the year in
which the tax is imposed under Part 10 in respect of the
designated industrial property, and
(b) any other source of information that the provincial
assessor considers relevant, as at October 31 of the year
prior to the year in which the tax is imposed under Part 10
in respect of the designated industrial property.
(2.2) Information received by the provincial assessor from the
Alberta Energy Regulator, the Alberta Utilities Commission or the
National Energy Board is deemed to be correct for the purposes of
preparing assessments.

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(3) to (5) Repealed 2016 c24 s25.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s292;2007 cA-37.2 s82(17);
2008 c37 s2;2012 cR-17.3 s95;2016 c24 s25

Duties of assessors

293(1) In preparing an assessment, an assessor must, in a fair and
equitable manner,
(a) apply the valuation and other standards set out in the
regulations, and
(b) follow the procedures set out in the regulations.
(2) If there are no procedures set out in the regulations for
preparing assessments, the assessor must take into consideration
assessments of similar property in the same municipality in which
the property that is being assessed is located.
(3) The municipal assessor must, in accordance with the
regulations, provide the Minister or the provincial assessor with
information that the Minister or the provincial assessor requires
about property in the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s293;2002 c19 s3;2009 c29 s4;
2016 c24 s26

Right to enter on and inspect property

294(1) After giving reasonable notice to the owner or occupier of
any property, an assessor may at any reasonable time, for the
purpose of carrying out the duties and responsibilities of the
assessor under Parts 9 to 12 and the regulations,
(a) enter on and inspect the property,
(b) request anything to be produced, and
(c) make copies of anything necessary to the inspection.
(2) When carrying out duties under subsection (1), an assessor
must produce identification on request.
(3) An assessor must, in accordance with the regulations, inform
the owner or occupier of any property of the purpose for which
information is being collected under this section and section 295.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s294;2002 c19 s4;2017 c13 s1(21)

Duty to provide information

295(1) A person must provide, on request by an assessor, any
information necessary for the assessor to carry out the duties and
responsibilities of an assessor under Parts 9 to 12 and the
regulations.

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Chapter M-26

(2) The Alberta Safety Codes Authority or an agency accredited
under the Safety Codes Act must release, on request by an assessor,
information or documents respecting a permit issued under the
Safety Codes Act.
(3) An assessor may request information or documents under
subsection (2) only in respect of a property within the municipality
for which the assessor is preparing an assessment.
(4) No person may make a complaint in the year following the
assessment year under section 460 or, in the case of designated
industrial property, under section 492(1) about an assessment if the
person has failed to provide any information requested under
subsection (1) within 60 days from the date of the request.
(5) Information collected under this section must be reported to the
Minister on the Minister’s request.
(6) Despite section 294(1) and subsection (1) of this section, where
an assessment of property is the subject of a complaint under Part
11 or 12 by the person assessed in respect of that property,
(a) the assessed person is not obligated to provide
information or produce anything to an assessor in respect
of that assessment, and
(b) the assessor has no authority under section 294(1)(c) to
make copies of anything the assessed person refuses to
provide or produce relating to that assessment
until after the complaint has been heard and decided by the
assessment review board or the Municipal Government Board, as
the case may be.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s295;2002 c19 s5;
2016 c24 s27;2017 c13 s2(6)

Court authorized inspection and enforcement

296(1) The provincial assessor or a municipality may apply to the
Court of Queen’s Bench for an order under subsection (2) if any
person
(a) refuses to allow or interferes with an entry or inspection
by an assessor, or
(b) refuses to produce anything requested by an assessor to
assist the assessor in preparing an assessment or
determining if property is to be assessed.
(2) The Court may make an order
(a) restraining a person from preventing or interfering with an
assessor’s entry or inspection, or
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) requiring a person to produce anything requested by an
assessor under section 294 or 295.
(3) A copy of the application and each affidavit in support must be
served at least 3 days before the day named in the application for
the hearing.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s296;2009 c53 s119;2016 c24 s28

Assigning assessment classes to property

297(1) When preparing an assessment of property, the assessor
must assign one or more of the following assessment classes to the
property:
(a) class 1 - residential;
(b) class 2 - non-residential;
(c) class 3 - farm land;
(d) class 4 - machinery and equipment.
(2) A council may by bylaw divide class 1 into sub-classes on any
basis it considers appropriate, and if the council does so, the
assessor may assign one or more sub-classes to property in class 1.
(2.1) A council may by bylaw divide class 2 into the sub-classes
prescribed by the regulations, and if the council does so, the
assessor must assign one or more of the prescribed sub-classes to a
property in class 2.
(3) If more than one assessment class or sub-class is assigned to a
property, the assessor must provide a breakdown of the assessment,
showing each assessment class or sub-class assigned and the
portion of the assessment attributable to each assessment class or
sub-class.
(4) In this section,
(a) “farm land” means land used for farming operations as
defined in the regulations;
(a.1) “machinery and equipment” does not include
(i) any thing that falls within the definition of linear
property as set out in section 284(1)(k), or
(ii) any component of a manufacturing or processing
facility that is used for the cogeneration of power;
(b) “non-residential”, in respect of property, means linear
property, components of manufacturing or processing
facilities that are used for the cogeneration of power or
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

other property on which industry, commerce or another
use takes place or is permitted to take place under a land
use bylaw passed by a council, but does not include farm
land or land that is used or intended to be used for
permanent living accommodation;
(c) “residential”, in respect of property, means property that
is not classed by the assessor as farm land, machinery and
equipment or non-residential.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s297;2002 c19 s6;
2016 c24 s29;2017 c13 s2(7)

Non-assessable property

298(1) No assessment is to be prepared for the following property:
(a) a facility, works or system for
(i) the collection, treatment, conveyance or disposal of
sanitary sewage, or
(ii) storm sewer drainage,
that is owned by the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada,
a municipality or a regional services commission;
(b) a facility, works or system for the storage, conveyance,
treatment, distribution or supply of water that is owned by
the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada, a municipality or
a regional services commission;
(b.1) a water supply and distribution system, including
metering facilities, that is owned or operated by an
individual or a corporation and used primarily to provide a
domestic water supply service;
(c) irrigation works as defined in the Irrigation Districts Act
and the land on which they are located when they are held
by an irrigation district, but not including any residence or
the land attributable to the residence;
(d) canals, dams, dikes, weirs, breakwaters, ditches, basins,
reservoirs, cribs and embankments;
(e) flood-gates, drains, tunnels, bridges, culverts, headworks,
flumes, penstocks and aqueducts
(i) located at a dam,
(ii) used in the operation of a dam, and
(iii) used for water conservation or flood control, but not
for the generation of electric power;
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Chapter M-26

(f) land on which any property listed in clause (d) or (e) is
located
(i) if the land is a dam site, and
(ii) whether or not the property located on the land is
used for water conservation, flood control or the
generation of electric power;
(g) a water conveyance system operated in connection with a
manufacturing or processing plant, including any facilities
designed and used to treat water to meet municipal
standards, but not including any improvement designed
and used for
(i) the further treatment of the water supply to meet
specific water standards for a manufacturing or
processing operation,
(ii) water reuse,
(iii) fire protection, or
(iv) the production or transmission of a natural resource;
(h) a sewage conveyance system operated in connection with
a manufacturing or processing plant, including any
facilities designed and used to treat and dispose of
domestic sewage, but not including any improvement
designed and used for the treatment of other effluent from
the manufacturing or processing plant;
(i) roads, but not including a road right of way that is held
under a lease, licence or permit from the Crown in right of
Alberta or Canada or from a municipality and that is used
for a purpose other than as a road;
(i.1) weigh scales, inspection stations and other improvements
necessary to maintain the roads referred to in clause (i)
and to keep those roads and users safe, but not including a
street lighting system owned by a corporation, a
municipality or a corporation controlled by a
municipality;
(j) property held by the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada
in a municipal district, improvement district, special area
or specialized municipality that
(i) is not used or actively occupied by the Crown, or
(ii) is not occupied under an interest or right granted by
the Crown,
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Chapter M-26

unless the property is located in a hamlet or in an urban
service area as defined in an order creating a specialized
municipality;
(k) any provincial park or recreation area, including any
campground, day use area or administration and
maintenance facility held by the Crown in right of Alberta
or operated under a facility operation contract or service
contract with the Crown in right of Alberta, but not
including the following:
(i) a residence and the land attributable to it;
(ii) property that is the subject of a disposition under the
Provincial Parks Act or the Public Lands Act;
(iii) a downhill ski hill, golf course, food concession,
store or restaurant, and the land attributable to it,
operated under a facility operation contract or a
service contract with the Crown in right of Alberta;
(k.1) any national park held by the Crown in right of Canada,
but not including a parcel of land, an improvement, or a
parcel of land and the improvements to it held under a
lease, licence or permit from the Crown in right of
Canada;
(l) property held by the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada
and forming part of an undertaking in respect of the
conservation, reclamation, rehabilitation or reforestation
of land, but not including any residence or the land
attributable to the residence;
(m) property used for or in connection with a forestry tower
that is not accessible by road;
(n) any interest under a timber disposition under the Forests
Act and the timber harvest or cut authorized by the
disposition;
(o) any interest under a permit or authorization for the grazing
of stock under the Forests Act or the Forest Reserves Act;
(p) wheel loaders, wheel trucks and haulers, crawler type
shovels, hoes and dozers;
(q) linear property used exclusively for farming operations;
(r) linear property forming part of a rural gas distribution
system and gas conveyance pipelines situated in a rural
municipality where that linear property is owned by a
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

municipality or a rural gas co-operative association
organized under the Rural Utilities Act, but not including
gas conveyance pipelines owned by rural gas co-operative
associations,
(i) from the regulating and metering station to an
industrial customer consuming more than 10 000
gigajoules of gas during any period that starts on
November 1 in one year and ends on October 31 in
the next year and that precedes the year in which the
assessment for those pipelines is to be used for the
purpose of imposing a tax under Part 10, or
(ii) that serve or deliver gas to
(A) a city, town, village, summer village or hamlet,
or
(B) an urban service area as defined in an order
creating a specialized municipality
that has a population of more than 500 people;
(r.1) linear property forming part of a rural gas distribution
system where that gas distribution system is subject to a
franchise area approval under the Gas Distribution Act;
(s) cairns and monuments;
(t) property in Indian reserves;
(u) property in Metis settlements;
(v) minerals;
(w) growing crops;
(x) the following improvements owned or leased by a
regional airports authority created under section 5(2) of
the Regional Airports Authorities Act:
(i) runways;
(ii) paving;
(iii) roads and sidewalks;
(iv) reservoirs;
(v) water and sewer lines;
(vi) fencing;
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(vii) conveyor belts, cranes, weigh scales, loading bridges
and machinery and equipment;
(viii) pole lines, transmission lines, light standards and
unenclosed communications towers;
(y) farm buildings, except to the extent prescribed in the
regulations;
(z) machinery and equipment, except to the extent prescribed
in the regulations;
(aa) designated manufactured homes held in storage and
forming part of the inventory of a manufacturer of or
dealer in designated manufactured homes;
(bb) travel trailers that are
(i) not connected to any utility services provided by a
public utility, and
(ii) not attached or connected to any structure;
(cc) linear property in the extended area network that is used
for SuperNet purposes.
(2) In subsection (1)(r)(i), “industrial customer” means a customer
that operates a factory, plant, works or industrial process related to
manufacturing and processing.
(3) Despite subsection (1)(cc), where linear property referred to in
that provision is used for business, the linear property is, subject to
the regulations, assessable to the extent the linear property is used
for business.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s298;2005 c14 s4;2015 c8 s42

Access to municipal assessment record

299(1) An assessed person may ask the municipality, in the
manner required by the municipality, to let the assessed person see
or receive information prescribed by the regulations that is in the
municipal assessor’s possession at the time of the request, showing
how the municipal assessor prepared the assessment of that
person’s property.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and the regulations, the municipality
must comply with a request under subsection (1).
(3) Where a complaint is filed under section 461 by the person
assessed in respect of property, a municipality is not obligated to
respond to a request by that person for information under this
section in respect of an assessment of that property until the
171

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

complaint has been heard and decided by an assessment review
board.
(4) Subsection (3) does not apply if the request for information is
in respect of an amended assessment and the amended assessment
notice was issued during the complaint period.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s299;2009 c29 s5;2016 c24 s30;2017 c13 s2(8)

Access to provincial assessment record

299.1(1) An assessed person may ask the provincial assessor, in
the manner required by the provincial assessor, to let the assessed
person see or receive information prescribed by the regulations in
the provincial assessor’s possession at the time of the request,
showing how the provincial assessor prepared the assessment of
that person’s designated industrial property.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and the regulations, the provincial
assessor must comply with a request under subsection (1).
(3) Where a complaint described in section 492(1) is filed under
section 491(1) by the person assessed in respect of designated
industrial property, the provincial assessor is not obligated to
respond to a request by that person for information under this
section in respect of an assessment of that designated industrial
property until the complaint has been heard and decided by the
Municipal Government Board.
(4) Subsection (3) does not apply if the request for information is
in respect of an amended assessment and the amended assessment
notice was issued during the complaint period.
2016 c24 s30;2017 c13 s2(8)

Municipal access to provincial assessment record

299.2(1) A municipality may ask the provincial assessor, in the
manner required by the provincial assessor, to let the municipality
see or receive information in the provincial assessor’s possession at
the time of the request, showing how the provincial assessor
prepared the assessment of designated industrial property in the
municipality.
(2) Subject to subsection (3) and the regulations, the provincial
assessor must comply with a request under subsection (1).
(3) Where a complaint described in section 492(1) is filed under
section 491(1) by a municipality in respect of designated industrial
property, the provincial assessor is not obligated to respond to a
request by that municipality for information under this section in
respect of an assessment of that designated industrial property until
the complaint has been heard and decided by the Municipal
Government Board.
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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(4) Subsection (3) does not apply if the request for information is
in respect of an amended assessment and the amended assessment
notice was issued during the complaint period.
(5) Information obtained by a municipality under this section must
be used only for assessment purposes and must not be disclosed
except at the hearing of a complaint before the Municipal
Government Board.
2016 c24 s30;2017 c13 s2(8)

Access to summary of municipal assessment

300(1) An assessed person may ask the municipality, in the
manner required by the municipality, to let the assessed person see
or receive a summary of the most recent assessment of any
assessed property in the municipality of which the assessed person
is not the owner.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a summary of the most
recent assessment must include the following information that is in
the municipal assessor’s possession or under the municipal
assessor’s control at the time of the request:
(a) a description of the parcel of land and any improvements,
to identify the type and use of the property;
(b) the size and measurements of the parcel of land;
(c) the age and size or measurement of any improvements;
(d) the key attributes of any improvements to the parcel of
land;
(e) the assessed value and any adjustments to the assessed
value of the parcel of land;
(f) any other information prescribed or otherwise described in
the regulations.
(3) The municipality must, in accordance with the regulations,
comply with a request under subsection (1) if it is satisfied that
necessary confidentiality will not be breached.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s300;2009 c29 s6;2016 c24 s31

Access to summary of provincial assessment

300.1(1) An assessed person may ask the provincial assessor, in
the manner required by the provincial assessor, to let the assessed
person see or receive a summary of the most recent assessment of
any assessed designated industrial property of which the assessed
person is not the owner or operator.

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a summary of the most
recent assessment must include the following information that is in
the provincial assessor’s possession or under the provincial
assessor’s control at the time of the request:
(a) a description of the designated industrial property;
(b) the assessed value associated with the designated
industrial property;
(c) any other information prescribed or otherwise described in
the regulations.
(3) The provincial assessor must, in accordance with the
regulations, comply with a request under subsection (1) if the
provincial assessor is satisfied that necessary confidentiality will
not be breached.
2016 c24 s31

Right to release assessment information

301(1) A municipality may provide information in its possession
about assessments if it is satisfied that necessary confidentiality
will not be breached.
(2) The provincial assessor may provide information that is in the
provincial assessor’s possession about assessments if the provincial
assessor is satisfied that necessary confidentiality will not be
breached.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s301;2016 c24 s32

Relationship to Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act

301.1 Sections 299 to 301 prevail despite the Freedom of
Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s738

Division 2
Assessment Roll
Preparation of roll

302(1) Each municipality must prepare annually, not later than
February 28, an assessment roll for assessed property in the
municipality other than designated industrial property.
(2) The provincial assessor must prepare annually, not later than
February 28, an assessment roll for assessed designated industrial
property.

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The provincial assessor must provide to each municipality a
copy of that portion of the provincial assessment roll that relates to
the designated industrial property situated in the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s302;2005 c14 s5;2016 c24 s33

Contents of roll

303 The assessment roll prepared by a municipality must show,
for each assessed property, the following:
(a) a description sufficient to identify the location of the
property;
(b) the name and mailing address of the assessed person;
(c) whether the property is a parcel of land, an improvement
or a parcel of land and the improvements to it;
(d) if the property is an improvement, a description showing
the type of improvement;
(e) the assessment;
(f) the assessment class or classes;
(f.1) repealed 2017 c13 s1(22);
(g) whether the property is assessable for public school
purposes or separate school purposes, if notice has been
given to the municipality under section 156 of the School
Act;
(g.1) repealed 2016 c24 s34;
(h) if the property is fully or partially exempt from taxation
under Part 10, a notation of that fact;
(h.1) if a deferral of the collection of tax under section 364.1 is
in effect for the property, a notation of that fact;
(i) any other information considered appropriate by the
municipality or required by the Minister, as the case may
be.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s303;2002 c19 s7; 2005 c14 s6;
2016 c24 s34;2017 c13 s1(22)

Contents of provincial assessment roll

303.1 The provincial assessment roll must show, for each
assessed designated industrial property, the following:
(a) a description of the type of designated industrial property;

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) a description sufficient to identify the location of the
designated industrial property;
(c) the name and mailing address of the assessed person;
(d) the assessment;
(e) the assessment class or classes;
(f) repealed 2017 c13 s2(9);
(g) whether the designated industrial property is assessable
for public school purposes or separate school purposes, if
notice has been given to the municipality under section
156 of the School Act;
(h) if the designated industrial property is exempt from
taxation under Part 10, a notation of that fact;
(i) any other information considered appropriate by the
provincial assessor.
2016 c24 s35;2017 c13 s2(9)

Recording assessed persons

304(1) The name of the person described in column 2 must be
recorded on the assessment roll as the assessed person in respect of
the assessed property described in column 1.
Column 1
Assessed
property

Column 2
Assessed
person

(a)

a parcel of land, unless
otherwise dealt with in
this subsection;

(a)

the owner of the parcel
of land;

(b)

a parcel of land and the
improvements to it,
unless otherwise dealt
with in this subsection;

(b)

the owner of the parcel
of land;

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Section 304

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Column 1
Assessed
property

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Column 2
Assessed
person

(c)

a parcel of land, an
(c)
improvement or a parcel
of land and the
improvements to it held
under a lease, licence or
permit from the Crown in
right of Alberta or
Canada or a municipality;

the holder of the lease,
licence or permit or, in
the case of a parcel of
land or a parcel of land
and the improvements to
it, the person who
occupies the land with
the consent of that
holder or, if the land that
was the subject of a
lease, licence or permit
has been sold under an
agreement for sale, the
purchaser under that
agreement;

(d)

(d)
a parcel of land forming
part of the station
grounds of, or of a right
of way for, a railway
other than railway
property, or a right of
way for, irrigation works
as defined in the
Irrigation Districts Act or
drainage works as
defined in the Drainage
Districts Act, that is held
under a lease, licence or
permit from the person
who operates the railway,
or from the irrigation
district or the board of
trustees of the drainage
district;

the holder of the lease,
licence or permit or the
person who occupies the
land with the consent of
that holder;

(d.1)

railway property;

the owner of the railway
property;

(d.1)

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Column 1
Assessed
property

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Column 2
Assessed
person

(e)

a parcel of land and the
(e)
improvements to it held
under a lease, licence or
permit from a regional
airports authority, where
the land and
improvements are used in
connection with the
operation of an airport;

the holder of the lease,
licence or permit or the
person who occupies the
land with the consent of
that holder;

(f)

a parcel of land, or a part
of a parcel of land, and
the improvements to it
held under a lease,
licence or permit from
the owner of the land
where the land and the
improvements are used
for

the holder of the lease,
licence or permit;

(i)

drilling, treating,
separating, refining
or processing of
natural gas, oil,
coal, salt, brine or
any combination,
product or
by-product of any
of them,

(ii)

pipeline pumping or
compressing, or

(iii) working,
excavating,
transporting or
storing any
minerals in or under
the land referred to
in the lease, licence
or permit or under
land in the vicinity
of that land.

178

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Column 1
Assessed
property

Column 2
Assessed
person

(g)

machinery and equipment (g)
used in the excavation or
transportation of coal or
oil sands as defined in the
Oil Sands Conservation
Act;

the owner of the
machinery and
equipment;

(h)

improvements to a parcel
of land listed in section
298 for which no
assessment is to be
prepared;

(h)

the person who owns or
has exclusive use of the
improvements;

(i)

linear property;

(i)

the operator of the linear
property;

(j)

(j)
a designated
manufactured home on a
site in a manufactured
home community and
any other improvements
located on the site and
owned or occupied by the
person occupying the
designated manufactured
home;

the owner of

(k)
a designated
manufactured home
located on a parcel of
land that is not owned by
the owner of the
designated manufactured
home together with any
other improvements
located on the site that
are owned or occupied
by the person occupying
the designated
manufactured home.

the owner of the
designated manufactured
home if the municipality
passes a bylaw to that
effect.

(k)

(i) the designated
manufactured
home,
or
(ii) the manufactured
home community
if the municipality
passes a bylaw to
that effect;

(2) When land is occupied under the authority of a right of entry
order as defined in the Surface Rights Act or an order made under
any other Act, it is, for the purposes of subsection (1), considered
to be occupied under a lease or licence from the owner of the land.
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) A person who purchases property or in any other manner
becomes liable to be shown on the assessment roll as an assessed
person
(a) must provide to the provincial assessor, in the case of
designated industrial property, or
(b) must provide to the municipality, in the case of property
other than designated industrial property,
written notice of a mailing address to which notices under this Part
and Part 10 may be sent.
(4) Despite subsection (1)(c), no individual who occupies housing
accommodation under a lease, licence or permit from a
management body under the Alberta Housing Act is to be recorded
as an assessed person if the sole purpose of the lease, licence or
permit is to provide housing accommodation for that individual.
(5) Repealed 2016 c24 s36.
(6) A bylaw passed under subsection (1)(j)(ii)
(a) must be advertised,
(b) has no effect until the beginning of the year commencing
at least 12 months after the bylaw is passed,
(c) must indicate the criteria used to designate the assessed
person, and
(d) may apply to one or more manufactured home
communities.
(7) When a bylaw is passed under subsection (1)(j)(ii), the owner
of the designated manufactured home is the assessed person for the
purpose of making a complaint under section 460(1) relating to the
designated manufactured home.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s304;2005 c14 s7;2008 c37 s3;
2016 c24 s36;2017 c13 s1(23)

Correction of roll

305(1) If it is discovered that there is an error, omission or
misdescription in any of the information shown on the assessment
roll,
(a) the assessor may correct the assessment roll for the
current year only, and
(b) on correcting the roll, an amended assessment notice must
be prepared and sent to the assessed person.
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(1.1) Where an assessor corrects the assessment roll in respect of
an assessment about which a complaint has been made, the assessor
must send to the assessment review board or the Municipal
Government Board, as the case may be, no later than the time
required by the regulations,
(a) a copy of the amended assessment notice, and
(b) a statement containing the following information:
(i) the reason for which the assessment roll was
corrected;
(ii) what correction was made;
(iii) how the correction affected the amount of the
assessment.
(1.2) Where the assessor sends a copy of an amended assessment
notice under subsection (1.1) before the date of the hearing in
respect of the complaint,
(a) the complaint is cancelled,
(b) the complainant’s complaint fees must be returned, and
(c) the complainant has a new right of complaint in respect of
the amended assessment notice.
(2) If it is discovered that no assessment has been prepared for a
property and the property is not listed in section 298, an assessment
for the current year only must be prepared and an assessment notice
must be prepared and sent to the assessed person.
(3) If exempt property becomes taxable or taxable property
becomes exempt under section 364.1 or 368, the assessment roll
must be corrected for the current year only and an amended
assessment notice must be prepared and sent to the assessed person.
(3.1) If the collection of tax on property is deferred under section
364.1 or a deferral under that section is cancelled, the assessment
roll must be corrected and an amended assessment notice must be
prepared and sent to the assessed person.
(4) The date of every entry made on the assessment roll under this
section or section 477 or 517 must be shown on the roll.
(5), (6) Repealed 2016 c24 s37.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s305;2002 c19 s8;2009 c29 s7;
2015 c8 s43;2016 c24 s37;2017 c13 s1(24)

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Report to Minister

305.1 If an assessment roll is corrected under section 305 or
changed under section 477 or 517, the municipality must, in the
form and within the time prescribed by the regulations, report the
correction or change, as the case may be, to the Minister.
2002 c19 s9

Severability of roll

306 The fact that any information shown on the assessment roll
contains an error, omission or misdescription does not invalidate
any other information on the roll or the roll itself.
1994 cM-26.1 s306

Inspection of roll

307 Any person may inspect the municipal assessment roll during
regular business hours on payment of the fee set by the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s307;2016 c24 s38

Division 3
Assessment Notices
Assessment notices

308(1) Each municipality must annually
(a) prepare assessment notices for all assessed property, other
than designated industrial property, shown on the
assessment roll referred to in section 302(1), and
(b) send the assessment notices to the assessed persons in
accordance with the regulations.
(2) The provincial assessor must annually
(a) prepare assessment notices for all assessed designated
industrial property shown on the provincial assessment
roll,
(b) send the assessment notices to the assessed persons in
accordance with the regulations, and
(c) send the municipality copies of the assessment notices.
(3) Repealed 2016 c24 s39.
(4) The assessment notice and the tax notice relating to the same
property may be sent together or may be combined on one notice.
(5) Repealed 2016 c24 s39.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s308;2005 c14 s8;2016 c24 s39

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Notice of assessment date

308.1(1) An assessor must annually set a notice of assessment
date, which must be no earlier than January 1 and no later than July
1.
(2) An assessor must set additional notice of assessment dates for
amended and supplementary assessment notices, but none of those
notice of assessment dates may be later than the date that tax
notices are required to be sent under Part 10.
2017 c13 s1(25)

Contents of assessment notice

309(1) An assessment notice or an amended assessment notice
must show the following:
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
assessment roll;
(b) the notice of assessment date;
(c) a statement that the assessed person may file a complaint
not later than the complaint deadline;
(d) information respecting filing a complaint in accordance
with the regulations.
(2) An assessment notice may be in respect of a number of
assessed properties if the same person is the assessed person for all
of them.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s309;2009 c29 s8; 2016 c24 s40;2017 c13 s2(10)

Sending assessment notices

310(1) Subject to subsections (1.1) and (3), assessment notices
must be sent no later than July 1 of each year.
(1.1) An amended assessment notice must be sent no later than the
date the tax notices are required to be sent under Part 10.
(2) If the mailing address of an assessed person is unknown,
(a) a copy of the assessment notice must be sent to the
mailing address of the assessed property, and
(b) if the mailing address of the property is also unknown, the
assessment notice must be retained by the municipality or
the provincial assessor, as the case may be, and is deemed
to have been sent to the assessed person.
(3) An assessment notice must be sent at least 7 days prior to the
notice of assessment date.

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(4) A designated officer must certify the date on which the
assessment notice is sent.
(5) The certification of the date referred to in subsection (4) is
evidence that the assessment notice has been sent.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s310;2009 c29 s9;
2016 c24 s41;2017 c13 s1(26)

Publication of notice

311(1) Each municipality must publish in one issue of a
newspaper having general circulation in the municipality, or in any
other manner considered appropriate by the municipality, a notice
that the assessment notices have been sent.
(2) All assessed persons are deemed as a result of the publication
referred to in subsection (1) to have received their assessment
notices.
(3) The provincial assessor must publish in The Alberta Gazette a
notice that the assessment notices in respect of designated
industrial property have been sent.
(4) All assessed persons are deemed as a result of the publication
referred to in subsection (3) to have received their assessment
notices in respect of designated industrial property.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s311;2005 c14 s9;2016 c24 s42

Correction of notice

312 If it is discovered that there is an error, omission or
misdescription in any of the information shown on an assessment
notice, an amended assessment notice may be prepared and sent to
the assessed person.
1994 cM-26.1 s312

Division 4
Preparation of Supplementary
Assessments
Bylaw

313(1) If a municipality wishes to require the preparation of
supplementary assessments for improvements, the council must
pass a supplementary assessment bylaw authorizing the
assessments to be prepared for the purpose of imposing a tax under
Part 10 in the same year.
(2) A bylaw under subsection (1) must refer
(a) to all improvements, or
(b) to all designated manufactured homes in the municipality.

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(3) A supplementary assessment bylaw or any amendment to it
applies to the year in which it is passed, only if it is passed before
May 1 of that year.
(4) A supplementary assessment bylaw must not authorize
assessments to be prepared for designated industrial property.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s313;2016 c24 s135

Supplementary assessment

314(1) The municipal assessor must prepare supplementary
assessments for machinery and equipment used in manufacturing
and processing if those improvements are operational in the year in
which they are to be taxed under Part 10.
(2) The municipal assessor must prepare supplementary
assessments for other improvements if
(a) they are completed in the year in which they are to be
taxed under Part 10,
(b) they are occupied during all or any part of the year in
which they are to be taxed under Part 10, or
(c) they are moved into the municipality during the year in
which they are to be taxed under Part 10 and they will not
be taxed in that year by another municipality.
(2.1) The municipal assessor may prepare a supplementary
assessment for a designated manufactured home that is moved into
the municipality during the year in which it is to be taxed under
Part 10 despite that the designated manufactured home will be
taxed in that year by another municipality.
(3) A supplementary assessment must reflect
(a) the value of an improvement that has not been previously
assessed, or
(b) the increase in the value of an improvement since it was
last assessed.
(4) Supplementary assessments must be prepared in the same
manner as assessments are prepared under Division 1, but must be
prorated to reflect only the number of months during which the
improvement is complete, occupied, located in the municipality or
in operation, including the whole of the first month in which the
improvement was completed, was occupied, was moved into the
municipality or began to operate.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s314;2016 c24 s43

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Chapter M-26

Supplementary assessment re
designated industrial property

314.1(1) Subject to the regulations, the provincial assessor must
prepare supplementary assessments for new designated industrial
property that becomes operational after October 31 of the year
prior to the year in which the designated industrial property is to be
taxed under Part 10.
(2) Supplementary assessments must reflect the valuation standard
set out in the regulations for designated industrial property.
(3) Subject to the regulations, supplementary assessments for
designated industrial property must be prorated to reflect only the
number of months, including the whole of the first month, during
which the property is operational.
(4) Despite subsections (1) to (3),
(a) a supplementary assessment must be prepared only for
designated industrial property that has not been previously
assessed, and only when it becomes operational;
(b) a supplementary assessment must not be prepared in
respect of designated industrial property that ceases to
operate during the tax year.
2016 c24 s44

Supplementary assessment roll

315(1) Before the end of the year in which supplementary
assessments are prepared, the municipality must prepare a
supplementary assessment roll.
(2) Before the end of the year in which supplementary assessments
are prepared, the provincial assessor must prepare a supplementary
assessment roll for designated industrial property.
(3) A supplementary assessment roll must show, for each assessed
improvement or designated industrial property, the following:
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
assessment roll;
(b) in the case of an improvement, the date that the
improvement
(i) was completed, occupied or moved into the
municipality, or
(ii) became operational.

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Chapter M-26

(4) Sections 304, 305, 306 and 307 apply in respect of a
supplementary assessment roll.
(5) The provincial assessor must provide a copy of the
supplementary assessment roll for designated industrial property to
the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s315;2016 c24 s45

Supplementary assessment notices

316(1) Before the end of the year in which supplementary
assessments are prepared other than for designated industrial
property, the municipality must
(a) prepare a supplementary assessment notice for every
assessed improvement shown on the supplementary
assessment roll referred to in section 315(1), and
(b) send the supplementary assessment notices to the assessed
persons.
(2) Before the end of the year in which supplementary assessments
for designated industrial property are prepared, the provincial
assessor must
(a) prepare supplementary assessment notices for all assessed
designated industrial property shown on the
supplementary assessment roll referred to in section
315(2),
(b) send the supplementary assessment notices to the assessed
persons in accordance with the regulations, and
(c) send the municipality copies of the supplementary
assessment notices.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s316;2009 c29 s10;2016 c24 s45

Contents of supplementary assessment notice

316.1(1) A supplementary assessment notice must show, for each
assessed improvement, the following:
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
supplementary assessment roll;
(b) the notice of assessment date;
(c) a statement that the assessed person may file a complaint
not later than the complaint deadline;
(d) information respecting filing a complaint in accordance
with the regulations.

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Chapter M-26

(2) Sections 308(2), 309(2), 310(1.1) and (3) and 312 apply in
respect of supplementary assessment notices.
2016 c24 s45;2017 c13 s2(11)

Division 5
Equalized Assessments
Definition

317 In this Division, “equalized assessment” means an
assessment that is prepared by the Minister in accordance with this
Division for an entire municipality and reflects
(a) assessments of property in the municipality that is taxable
under Part 10,
(b) repealed 2016 c24 s46,
(c) assessments of property in the municipality in respect of
which a grant may be paid by the Crown in right of
Canada under the Payments in Lieu of Taxes Act
(Canada),
(d) assessments of property in the municipality made taxable
or exempt as a result of a council passing a bylaw under
Part 10, except any property made taxable under section
363(1)(d), and
(e) assessments of property in the municipality that is the
subject of a tax agreement under section 333.1, 360 or
364.1,
from the year preceding the year in which the equalized assessment
is effective.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s317;2015 c8 s44;2016 c24 s46

Supplementary assessments

317.1 Despite section 317, supplementary assessments prepared
under a supplementary assessment bylaw under section 313 must
not be included in the equalized assessment for a municipality.
1995 c24 s44

Preparation of equalized assessments

318 The Minister must prepare annually, in accordance with the
regulations, an equalized assessment for each municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s318

Duty to provide information

319(1) Each municipality must provide to the Minister annually,
not later than the date required by regulations made under section
322(1) or guidelines made under section 322(2), a return containing
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

the information requested by the Minister in the form required by
the Minister.
(2) If a municipality does not provide the information requested by
the Minister, the Minister must prepare the equalized assessment
using whatever information is available about the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s319;2015 c8 s45

Sending equalized assessments to municipalities

320 The Minister must send to each municipality annually, not
later than November 1, a report of all the equalized assessments
prepared.
1994 cM-26.1 s320

Appeal of equalized assessment

321 A municipality may make a complaint regarding the amount
of an equalized assessment to the Municipal Government Board not
later than 30 days from the date the Minister sends the municipality
the report described in section 320.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s321;2002 c19 s12;2009 c29 s11;2015 c8 s46

Division 6
General Powers of the Minister
Relating to Assessments and
Equalized Assessments
Regulations

322(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting qualifications to be met by persons authorized
to carry out the duties and responsibilities of an assessor
under this Act;
(b) defining “electric power systems”, “facilities”, “farming
operations”, “farm building”, “machinery and
equipment”, “operator”, “pipelines”, “railway property”,
“street lighting systems”, “telecommunication systems”
and “wells”;
(b.01) respecting when property is to be considered operational
for the purposes of one or more provisions of this Part;
(b.1) defining “extended area network” and “SuperNet”;
(c) respecting the extent to which farm buildings and
machinery and equipment may be assessed under section
298;
(c.1) respecting the assessment of linear property referred to in
section 298(3), including, without limitation, respecting
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

information to be provided, and by whom it is to be
provided, for preparing the assessment;
(d) establishing valuation standards for property;
(d.1) respecting the delegation of the powers, duties and
functions of the provincial assessor under section 284.1 or
of a municipal assessor under section 284.2;
(d.2) designating major plants and other property as designated
industrial property;
(d.3) respecting designated industrial property, including,
without limitation, regulations respecting the
specifications and characteristics of designated industrial
property;
(e) respecting processes and procedures for preparing
assessments;
(e.1) respecting the manner in which an assessor must inform
an owner or occupier of any property of the purpose for
which information is being collected under sections 294
and 295;
(e.11) respecting the providing of information by the provincial
assessor to a municipality under section 299.2, including,
without limitation, regulations
(i) requiring the provincial assessor and the municipality
to enter into a confidentiality agreement with respect
to that information, and
(ii) respecting the terms and conditions of a
confidentiality agreement;
(e.2) respecting assessment rolls and assessment notices
including, without limitation, regulations
(i) respecting the information to be shown on an
assessment roll and on an assessment notice;
(ii) providing for the method of determining the assessed
person for the purposes of section 304(1);
(iii) respecting the sending of assessment notices;
(f) respecting the allowance of depreciation on machinery
and equipment;
(g) prescribing standards to be met by assessors in the
preparation of assessments;
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Chapter M-26

(g.01) prescribing sub-classes for the purposes of section
297(2.1);
(g.1) prescribing or otherwise describing information for the
purposes of sections 299(1), 299.1(1), 300(2)(f) and
300.1(2)(c);
(g.2) respecting procedures and time-lines to be followed by a
municipality in dealing with a request for information
under section 299 or a request for a summary of an
assessment under section 300;
(g.3) respecting the imposition of penalties or other sanctions
against a municipality for failing to comply with a request
for information under section 299 or a request for a
summary of an assessment under section 300;
(g.4) respecting the dates by which returns referred to in section
319(1) must be provided to the Minister;
(h) respecting equalized assessments;
(h.1) respecting the audit of any matters relating to
assessments;
(h.2) respecting the providing of information to an assessor
under section 295(1);
(h.3) respecting procedures and time-lines to be followed by a
provincial assessor in dealing with a request for
information under section 299.1 or 299.2 or a request for a
summary of an assessment under section 300.1;
(h.4) respecting supplementary assessments;
(h.5) defining any term or expression that is used but not
defined in this Part;
(i) respecting any other matter considered necessary to carry
out the intent of this Act.
(2) Where the Minister considers it advisable to do so, the Minister
may by order establish guidelines respecting any matter for which
the Minister may make a regulation under subsection (1).
(3) A guideline established under subsection (2) is a regulation for
the purposes of this Act, but is exempted from the application of
the Regulations Act.
(4) The Minister must

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Chapter M-26

(a) publish in The Alberta Gazette a notice of any guideline
established under subsection (2) and information about
where copies of the guideline may be obtained or are
available to the public;
(b) ensure that any guideline established under subsection (2)
is published in a form and manner that the Minister
considers appropriate.
(5) Subsection (4) applies only to guidelines established under
subsection (2) on or after July 1, 2007.
(6) In designating by regulation a major plant as designated
industrial property, the Minister may include as a major plant any
parcel of land, improvements or other property.
(7) The inclusion of property pursuant to subsection (6) is not
invalid even if the property is used for residential or agricultural
purposes, or is vacant.
(8) If an application is made to a court in respect of the validity of
a regulation designating a major plant as designated industrial
property,
(a) the application shall be limited to whether a specific
parcel of land, improvement or other property for which
the applicant is the assessed person is or is not all or a part
of a major plant;
(b) evidence of the inclusion of property pursuant to
subsection (6) or of property not designated as a major
plant pursuant to subsection (6) is not admissible to
demonstrate the invalidity of the regulation or any part of
it.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s322;2002 c19 s14;2005 c14 s10;
2007 c16 s2;2009 c29 s12;2015 c8 s47;
2016 c24 s47;2017 c13 ss1(27), 2(12)

Validation of Minister’s Guidelines

322.1(1) In this section,
(a) “Minister’s Guidelines” means
(i) the following guidelines referred to in the Matters
Relating to Assessment and Taxation Regulation
(AR 220/2004):
(A) Alberta Assessment Quality Minister’s
Guidelines;
(B) Alberta Farm Land Assessment Minister’s
Guidelines;
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(C) Alberta Linear Property Assessment Minister’s
Guidelines;
(D) Alberta Machinery and Equipment Assessment
Minister’s Guidelines;
(E) Alberta Railway Assessment Minister’s
Guidelines,
(ii) any previous versions of the guidelines named in
subclause (i) that are referred to in the previous
regulations, and
(iii) the 2005 Construction Cost Reporting Guide
established by the Minister and any previous versions
of the Construction Cost Reporting Guide established
by the Minister,
and includes any manuals, guides and handbooks referred
to or incorporated into any of the guidelines or guides
referred to in subclauses (i) to (iii);
(b) “previous regulations” means
(i) the Matters Relating to Assessment and Taxation
Regulation (AR 289/99), and
(ii) the Standards of Assessment Regulation
(AR 365/94).
(2) The Minister’s Guidelines are declared valid as of the dates on
which they were established, and no assessment prepared pursuant
to the Minister’s Guidelines shall be challenged on the basis of the
validity of the Minister’s Guidelines
(a) in any existing or future proceeding under this or any
other Act, or
(b) in any existing or future action, matter or proceeding
before a court.
(3) The Minister’s Guidelines are deemed to be guidelines
established under section 322(2).
2007 c16 s3

Minister’s power to prepare assessments

323 If it appears to the Minister that in any year a council will be
unable to carry out its obligation under section 285, the Minister
may cause any or all of the assessments in the municipality to be
prepared and the council is responsible for the costs.
1994 cM-26.1 s323

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Minister’s power to quash assessments

324(1) If, after an inspection under section 571 or an audit under
the regulations is completed, the Minister is of the opinion that an
assessment
(a) has not been prepared in accordance with the rules and
procedures set out in this Part and the regulations,
(b) is not fair and equitable, taking into consideration
assessments of similar property, or
(c) does not meet the standards required by the regulations,
the Minister may quash the assessment and direct that a new
assessment be prepared.
(2) On quashing an assessment, the Minister must provide
directions as to the manner and times in which
(a) the new assessment is to be prepared,
(a.1) a new notice of assessment date is to be established,
(b) the new assessment is to be placed on the assessment roll,
and
(c) amended assessment notices are to be sent to the assessed
persons.
(3) The Minister must specify the effective date of a new
assessment prepared under this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s324;2002 c19 s15;2017 c13 s1(28)

Minister’s power to alter an equalized assessment

325 Despite anything in this Act, the Minister may adjust an
equalized assessment at any time.

Part 10
Taxation
Division 1
General Provisions
Definitions

326(1) In this Part,
(a) “requisition” means
(i) repealed 1995 c24 s45,

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Chapter M-26

(ii) any part of the amount required to be paid into the
Alberta School Foundation Fund under section 174
of the School Act that is raised by imposing a rate
referred to in section 174 of the School Act,
(iii) any part of the requisition of school boards under
Part 6, Division 3 of the School Act,
(iv) repealed 2008 cE-6.6 s55,
(v) the amount required to be paid to a management
body under section 7 of the Alberta Housing Act, or
(vi) the amount required to recover the costs incurred for
matters related to
(A) the assessment of designated industrial property,
and
(B) any other matters related to the provincial
assessor’s operations;
(b) “student dormitory” means a housing unit
(i) that is used in connection with a purpose referred to
in section 362(1)(c), (d) or (e) or with a college
incorporated under a private Act of the Legislature,
and
(ii) the residents of which are students of a facility used
in connection with a purpose referred to in section
362(1)(c), (d) or (e) or with a college incorporated
under a private Act of the Legislature,
but does not include a single family residence and the land
attributable to that residence;
(c) “tax arrears” means taxes that remain unpaid after
December 31 of the year in which they are imposed.
(2) For purposes of Divisions 3 and 4, “business” does not include
a constituency office of a Member of the Legislative Assembly or
any other office used by one or more Members of the Legislative
Assembly to carry out their duties and functions as Members.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s326;2008 cE-6.6 s55;
2015 c8 s48;2016 c24 s48

Tax roll

327(1) Each municipality must prepare a tax roll annually.
(2) The tax roll may consist of one roll for all taxes imposed under
this Part or a separate roll for each tax imposed under this Part.
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Chapter M-26

(3) The tax roll for property tax may be a continuation of the
assessment roll prepared under Part 9 or may be separate from the
assessment roll.
(4) The fact that any information shown on the tax roll contains an
error, omission or misdescription does not invalidate any other
information on the roll or the roll itself.
1994 cM-26.1 s327

Duty to provide information

328 Taxpayers must provide, on request by the municipality, any
information necessary for the municipality to prepare its tax roll.
1994 cM-26.1 s328

Contents of tax roll

329 The tax roll must show, for each taxable property or business,
the following:
(a) a description sufficient to identify the location of the
property or business;
(b) the name and mailing address of the taxpayer;
(c) the assessment;
(d) the name, tax rate and amount of each tax imposed in
respect of the property or business;
(e) the total amount of all taxes imposed in respect of the
property or business;
(f) the amount of tax arrears, if any;
(g) if any property in the municipality is the subject of an
agreement between the taxpayer and the municipality
under section 347(1) relating to tax arrears, a notation of
that fact;
(g.1) if any property in the municipality is the subject of a
bylaw or agreement under section 364.1 to defer the
collection of tax, a notation of the amount deferred and
the taxation year or years to which the amount relates;
(h) any other information considered appropriate by the
municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s329;2016 c24 s49

Correction of roll

330(1) If it is discovered that there is an error, omission or
misdescription in any of the information shown on the tax roll, the
municipality may correct the tax roll for the current year only and
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

on correcting the roll, it must prepare and send an amended tax
notice to the taxpayer.
(2) If it is discovered that no tax has been imposed on a taxable
property or business, the municipality may impose the tax for the
current year only and prepare and send a tax notice to the taxpayer.
(3) If exempt property becomes taxable or taxable property
becomes exempt under section 368, the municipality must correct
the tax roll and on correcting the roll, it must send an amended tax
notice to the taxpayer.
(4) The date of every entry made on the tax roll under this section
must be shown on the roll.
1994 cM-26.1 s330

Person liable to pay taxes

331(1) Subject to the regulations, the person liable to pay a
property tax imposed under this Part is the person who
(a) at the time the assessment is prepared under Part 9, is the
assessed person, or
(b) subsequently becomes the assessed person.
(2) The person liable to pay any other tax imposed under this Part
is the person who
(a) at the time the tax is imposed, is liable in accordance with
this Part or a regulation made under this Part to pay the
tax, or
(b) subsequently becomes liable in accordance with this Part
or a regulation made under this Part to pay it.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s331;2005 c14 s11

Taxes imposed on January 1

332 Taxes imposed under this Part, other than a supplementary
property tax and a supplementary business tax, are deemed to have
been imposed on January 1.
1994 cM-26.1 s332

Tax notices

333(1) Each municipality must annually
(a) prepare tax notices for all taxable property and businesses
shown on the tax roll of the municipality, and
(b) send the tax notices to the taxpayers.

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(2) A tax notice may include a number of taxable properties and
taxable businesses if the same person is the taxpayer for all of
them.
(3) A tax notice may consist of one notice for all taxes imposed
under this Part, a separate notice for each tax or several notices
showing one or more taxes.
(4) The assessment notice and the tax notice relating to the same
property may be sent together or may be combined on one notice.
1994 cM-26.1 s333

Tax agreements

333.1(1) The council of a municipality may make a tax agreement
with an assessed person who occupies or manages
(a) the municipality’s property, including property under the
direction, control and management of
(i) the municipality, or
(ii) a non-profit organization that holds the property on
behalf of the municipality,
or
(b) property for the purpose of operating a professional sports
franchise.
(2) A tax agreement may provide that, instead of paying the taxes
imposed under this Part and any other fees or charges payable to
the municipality, the assessed person may make an annual payment
to the municipality calculated under the agreement.
(3) A tax agreement under this section must provide that the
municipality accepts payment of the amount calculated under the
agreement in place of the taxes and other fees or charges specified
in the agreement.
1998 c24 s24

Contents of tax notice

334(1) A tax notice must show the following:
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
tax roll;
(b) the date the tax notice is sent to the taxpayer;
(c) the amount of the requisitions, any one or more of which
may be shown separately or as part of a combined total;

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(d) except when the tax is a property tax, the date by which a
complaint must be made, which date must not be less than
30 days after the tax notice is sent to the taxpayer;
(e) the name and address of the designated officer with whom
a complaint must be filed;
(f) the dates on which penalties may be imposed if the taxes
are not paid;
(f.1) information on how to request a receipt for taxes paid;
(g) any other information considered appropriate by the
municipality.
(2) A tax notice may show
(a) one tax rate that combines all of the tax rates set by the
property tax bylaw, or
(b) each of the tax rates set by the property tax bylaw.
(3) Despite subsection (2), a tax notice must show, separately from
all other tax rates shown on the notice, the tax rates set by the
property tax bylaw to raise the revenue to pay the requisitions
referred to in section 326(1)(a)(ii) or (vi).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s334;2016 c24 s50;2017 c13 s1(29)

Sending tax notices

335(1) The tax notices must be sent before the end of the year in
which the taxes are imposed.
(2) If the mailing address of a taxpayer is unknown
(a) a copy of the tax notice must be sent to the mailing
address of the taxable property or business, and
(b) if the mailing address of the taxable property or business
is also unknown, the tax notice must be retained by the
municipality and is deemed to have been sent to the
taxpayer.
1994 cM-26.1 s335

Certification of date of sending tax notice

336(1) A designated officer must certify the date the tax notices
are sent under section 335.
(2) The certification of the date referred to in subsection (1) is
evidence that the tax notices have been sent and that the taxes have
been imposed.
1994 cM-26.1 s336

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Deemed receipt of tax notice

337 A tax notice is deemed to have been received 7 days after it
is sent.
1994 cM-26.1 s337

Correction of tax notice

338 If it is discovered that there is an error, omission or
misdescription in any of the information shown on a tax notice, the
municipality may prepare and send an amended tax notice to the
taxpayer.
1994 cM-26.1 s338

Incentives

339 A council may by bylaw provide incentives for payment of
taxes by the dates set out in the bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s339

Instalments

340(1) A council may by bylaw permit taxes to be paid by
instalments, at the option of the taxpayer.
(2) A person who wishes to pay taxes by instalments must make an
agreement with the council authorizing that method of payment.
(3) When an agreement under subsection (2) is made, the tax
notice, or a separate notice enclosed with the tax notice, must state
(a) the amount and due dates of the instalments to be paid in
the remainder of the year, and
(b) what happens if an instalment is not paid.
1994 cM-26.1 s340

Deemed receipt of tax payment

341 A tax payment that is sent by mail to a municipality is
deemed to have been received by the municipality on the date of
the postmark stamped on the envelope.
1994 cM-26.1 s341

Receipt for payment of taxes

342 When taxes are paid to a municipality and the assessed
person requests a receipt, the municipality must provide a receipt.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s342;2017 c13 s1(30)

Application of tax payment

343(1) A tax payment must be applied first to tax arrears.

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(2) If a person does not indicate to which taxable property or
business a tax payment is to be applied, a designated officer must
decide to which taxable property or business owned by the
taxpayer the payment is to be applied.
1994 cM-26.1 s343

Penalty for non-payment in current year

344(1) A council may by bylaw impose penalties in the year in
which a tax is imposed if the tax remains unpaid after the date
shown on the tax notice.
(2) A penalty under this section is imposed at the rate set out in the
bylaw.
(3) The penalty must not be imposed sooner than 30 days after the
tax notice is sent out.
1994 cM-26.1 s344

Penalty for non-payment in other years

345(1) A council may by bylaw impose penalties in any year
following the year in which a tax is imposed if the tax remains
unpaid after December 31 of the year in which it is imposed.
(2) A penalty under this section is imposed at the rate set out in the
bylaw.
(3) The penalty must not be imposed sooner than January 1 of the
year following the year in which the tax was imposed or any later
date specified in the bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s345

Penalties

346 A penalty imposed under section 344 or 345 is part of the tax
in respect of which it is imposed.
1994 cM-26.1 s346

Cancellation, reduction, refund or deferral of taxes

347(1) If a council considers it equitable to do so, it may,
generally or with respect to a particular taxable property or
business or a class of taxable property or business, do one or more
of the following, with or without conditions:
(a) cancel or reduce tax arrears;
(b) cancel or refund all or part of a tax;
(c) defer the collection of a tax.
(2) A council may phase in a tax increase or decrease resulting
from the preparation of any new assessment.
1994 cM-26.1 s347

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Tax becomes debt to municipality

348 Taxes due to a municipality
(a) are an amount owing to the municipality,
(b) are recoverable as a debt due to the municipality,
(c) take priority over the claims of every person except the
Crown, and
(d) are a special lien
(i) on land and any improvements to the land, if the tax
is a property tax, a community revitalization levy, a
special tax, a local improvement tax or a community
aggregate payment levy, or
(ii) on goods, if the tax is a business tax, a community
revitalization levy, a well drilling equipment tax, a
community aggregate payment levy or a property tax
imposed in respect of a designated manufactured
home in a manufactured home community.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s348;2005 c14 s12

Fire insurance proceeds

349(1) Taxes that have been imposed in respect of improvements
are a first charge on any money payable under a fire insurance
policy for loss or damage to those improvements.
(2) Taxes that have been imposed in respect of a business are a
first charge on any money payable under a fire insurance policy for
loss or damage to any personal property
(a) that is located on the premises occupied for the purposes
of the business, and
(b) that is used in connection with the business and belongs to
the taxpayer.
1994 cM-26.1 s349

Tax certificates

350 On request, a designated officer must issue a tax certificate
showing
(a) the amount of taxes imposed in the year in respect of the
property or business specified on the certificate and the
amount of taxes owing,

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(b) the total amount of tax arrears, if any, and
(c) the total amount of tax, if any, in respect of which
collection is deferred under this Part.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s350;2016 c24 s51

Non-taxable property

351(1) The following are exempt from taxation under this Part:
(a) property listed in section 298;
(b) any property or business in respect of which an exemption
from assessment or taxation, or both, was granted before
January 1, 1995
(i) by a private Act, or
(ii) by an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council
based on an order of the Local Authorities Board.
(2) A council may by bylaw cancel an exemption referred to in
subsection (1)(b), with respect to any property or business.
(3) A council proposing to pass a bylaw under subsection (2) must
notify the person or group that will be affected of the proposed
bylaw.
(4) A bylaw under subsection (2) has no effect until the expiration
of one year after it is passed.
(5) A copy of a bylaw under subsection (2) must be sent to the
Minister and if the bylaw amends a private Act the Minister must
send a copy to the clerk of the Legislative Assembly.
1994 cM-26.1 s351

Limitation on time for starting proceedings

352(1) An action, suit or other proceedings for the return by a
municipality of any money paid to the municipality, whether under
protest or otherwise, as a result of a claim by the municipality,
whether valid or invalid, for payment of taxes or tax arrears must
be started within 6 months after the payment of the money to the
municipality.
(2) If no action, suit or other proceeding is started within the
period referred to in subsection (1), the payment made to the
municipality is deemed to have been a voluntary payment.
1994 cM-26.1 s352

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Division 2
Property Tax
Property tax bylaw

353(1) Each council must pass a property tax bylaw annually.
(2) The property tax bylaw authorizes the council to impose a tax
in respect of property in the municipality to raise revenue to be
used toward the payment of
(a) the expenditures and transfers set out in the budget of the
municipality, and
(b) the requisitions.
(3) The tax must not be imposed in respect of property
(a) that is exempt under section 351, 361 or 362, or
(b) that is exempt under section 363 or 364, unless the bylaw
passed under that section makes the property taxable.
1994 cM-26.1 s353

Tax rates

354(1) The property tax bylaw must set and show separately all of
the tax rates that must be imposed under this Division to raise the
revenue required under section 353(2).
(2) A tax rate must be set for each assessment class or sub-class
referred to in section 297.
(3) The tax rate may be different for each assessment class or
sub-class referred to in section 297.
(3.1) Despite subsection (3), the tax rate for the class referred to in
section 297(1)(d) and the tax rate for the sub-classes referred to in
section 297(2.1) must be set in accordance with the regulations.
(4) The tax rates set by the property tax bylaw must not be
amended after the municipality sends the tax notices to the
taxpayers unless subsection (5) applies.
(5) If after sending out the tax notices the municipality discovers
an error or omission that relates to the tax rates set by the property
tax bylaw, the Minister may by order permit a municipality to
revise the property tax bylaw and send out a revised tax notice.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s354;2016 c24 s52

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Calculating tax rates

355 A tax rate is calculated by dividing the amount of revenue
required by the total assessment of all property on which that tax
rate is to be imposed.
1994 cM-26.1 s355;1995 c24 s47

Calculating amount of tax

356 The amount of tax to be imposed under this Division in
respect of a property is calculated by multiplying the assessment
for the property by the tax rate to be imposed on that property.
1994 cM-26.1 s356

Special provision of property tax bylaw

357(1) Despite anything in this Division, the property tax bylaw
may specify a minimum amount payable as property tax.
(1.1) Despite section 353, a council may pass a bylaw separate
from the property tax bylaw that provides for compulsory tax
instalment payments for designated manufactured homes.
(2) If the property tax bylaw specifies a minimum amount payable
as property tax, the tax notice must indicate the tax rates set by the
property tax bylaw that raise the revenue required to pay the
requisition referred to in section 326(1)(a)(ii).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s357;2016 c24 s53

Tax rate for residential property

357.1 The tax rate to be imposed by a municipality on residential
property or on any sub-class of residential property must be greater
than zero.
2016 c24 s54

358 Repealed 2016 c24 s55.
Maximum tax ratio

358.1(1) In this section,
(a) “non-conforming municipality” means a municipality that
has a tax ratio greater than 5:1 as calculated using the
property tax rates set out in its most recently enacted
property tax bylaw as at May 31, 2016;
(b) “non-residential” means non-residential as defined in
section 297(4);
(c) “tax ratio”, in respect of a municipality, means the ratio of
the highest non-residential tax rate set out in the
municipality’s property tax bylaw for a year to the lowest

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residential tax rate set out in the municipality’s property
tax bylaw for the same year.
(2) No municipality other than a non-conforming municipality
shall in any year have a tax ratio greater than 5:1.
(3) A non-conforming municipality shall not in any year have a tax
ratio that is greater than the tax ratio as calculated using the
property tax rates set out in its most recently enacted property tax
bylaw as at May 31, 2016.
(3.1) If in any year after 2016 a non-conforming municipality has a
tax ratio that is greater than 5:1, the non-conforming municipality
shall reduce its tax ratio for subsequent years in accordance with
the regulations.
(4) If in any year after 2016 a non-conforming municipality has a
tax ratio that is less than the tax ratio it had in the previous year but
greater than 5:1, the non-conforming municipality shall not in any
subsequent year have a tax ratio that is greater than that new tax
ratio.
(5) If in any year after 2016 a non-conforming municipality has a
tax ratio that is equal to or less than 5:1, the non-conforming
municipality shall not in any subsequent year have a tax ratio
greater than 5:1.
(6) Where an order to annex land to a municipality contains
provisions respecting the tax rate or rates that apply to the annexed
land, the tax rate or rates shall not be considered for the purposes of
determining the municipality’s tax ratio.
(7) For the purposes of this section,
(a) the tax set out in a municipality’s property tax bylaw to
raise revenue to be used toward the payment of
(i) the expenditures and transfers set out in the budget of
the municipality, and
(ii) the requisitions,
shall be considered to be separate tax rates, and
(b) the tax rate for the requisitions shall not be considered for
the purposes of determining the municipality’s tax ratio.
(8) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may, for the purposes of
subsection (3.1), make regulations establishing one or more ranges
of tax ratios that must be reduced to 5:1 within a specified period.
2016 c24 s56;2017 c13 s1(31)

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Requisitions

359(1) When a requisition applies to only part of a municipality,
the revenue needed to pay it must be raised by imposing a tax
under this Division in respect of property in that part of the
municipality.
(2) In calculating the tax rate required to raise sufficient revenue to
pay the requisitions, a municipality may include an allowance for
non-collection of taxes at a rate not exceeding the actual rate of
taxes uncollected from the previous year’s tax levy as determined
at the end of that year.
(3) If in any year the property tax imposed to pay the requisitions
results in too much or too little revenue being raised for that
purpose, the council must accordingly reduce or increase the
amount of revenue to be raised for that purpose in the next year.
1994 cM-26.1 s359;1995 c24 s49

Alberta School Foundation Fund requisitions

359.1(1) In this section, “Alberta School Foundation Fund
requisition” means a requisition referred to in section 326(1)(a)(ii).
(2) In 1995 and subsequent years, when an Alberta School
Foundation Fund requisition applies only to
(a) one of the assessment classes referred to in section 297,
(b) a combination of the assessment classes referred to in
section 297, or
(c) designated industrial property,
the revenue needed to pay it must be raised by imposing a tax
under this Division only in respect of property to which that one
assessment class has been assigned, property to which any
assessment class in that combination has been assigned or
designated industrial property, as the case may be.
(3) Despite subsection (2), if a council has passed bylaws under
sections 364(1.1) and 371, the council may apply an appropriate
amount received under the business tax to the payment of the
Alberta School Foundation Fund requisition on the non-residential
assessment class referred to in section 297 to offset the increase in
the tax rate applicable to that class that would otherwise result.
(4) The tax rate required to raise the revenue needed to pay the
Alberta School Foundation Fund requisition
(a) must be the same within the assessment class to which the
requisition applies if it applies to only one class,

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(b) must be the same for all assessment classes that are to be
combined if the requisition applies to a combination of
assessment classes, and
(c) must be the same for all designated industrial property.
(5), (6) Repealed by Revision.
(7) In calculating the tax rate required to raise sufficient revenue to
pay an Alberta School Foundation Fund requisition, a municipality
(a) must not include the allowances referred to in section
359(2),
(b) may impose a separate tax to raise the revenue to pay for
the allowances referred to in section 359(2), and
(c) may include the amounts referred to in section 359(3).
(8) Section 354 does not apply to tax rates required to raise
revenue needed to pay an Alberta School Foundation Fund
requisition.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s359.1;2016 c24 s135;2017 c13 s1(32)

School board requisitions

359.2(1) In this section, “school board requisition” means a
requisition referred to in section 326(1)(a)(iii).
(2) In 1995 and subsequent years, when a school board requisition
applies only to
(a) one of the assessment classes referred to in section 297,
(b) a combination of the assessment classes referred to in
section 297, or
(c) designated industrial property,
the revenue needed to pay it must be raised by imposing a tax
under this Division only in respect of property to which that one
assessment class has been assigned, property to which any
assessment class in that combination has been assigned or
designated industrial property, as the case may be.
(3) Despite subsection (2), if a council has passed bylaws under
sections 364(1.1) and 371, the council may apply an appropriate
amount received under the business tax to the payment of the
school board requisition on the non-residential assessment class
referred to in section 297 to offset the increase in the tax rate
applicable to that class that would otherwise result.

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(4) The tax rate required to raise the revenue needed to pay the
school board requisitions
(a) must be the same within the assessment class to which the
requisition applies if it applies to only one class,
(b) must be the same for all assessment classes that are to be
combined if the requisition applies to a combination of
assessment classes, and
(c) must be the same for all designated industrial property.
(5), (6) Repealed by Revision.
(7) In calculating the tax rate required to raise sufficient revenue to
pay a school board requisition, a municipality
(a) may include the allowances referred to in section 359(2),
and
(b) may include the amounts referred to in section 359(3).
(8) Section 354 does not apply to tax rates required to raise
revenue needed to pay school board requisitions.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s359.2;2016 c24 s135;2017 c13 s1(33)

Designated industrial property
assessment requisitions

359.3(1) In this section, “designated industrial property
requisition” means a requisition referred to in section 326(1)(a)(vi).
(2) The Minister must set the property tax rate for the designated
industrial property requisition.
(3) The property tax rate for the designated industrial property
requisition must be the same for all designated industrial property.
2016 c24 s57

Cancellation, reduction, refund or
deferral of taxes

359.4 If the Minister considers it equitable to do so, the Minister
may, generally or with respect to a particular municipality, cancel
or reduce the amount of a requisition payable under section
326(1)(a)(vi).
2016 c24 s57

Tax agreement

360(1) A council may make a tax agreement with an operator of a
public utility or of linear property who occupies the municipality’s
property, including property under the direction, control and
management of the municipality.
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(2) Instead of paying the tax imposed under this Division and any
other fees or charges payable to the municipality, the tax agreement
may provide for an annual payment to the municipality by the
operator calculated as provided in the agreement.
(3) A tax agreement must provide that the municipality accepts
payment of the amount calculated under the agreement in place of
the tax and other fees or charges specified in the agreement.
(4) If a tax agreement with the operator of a public utility that
supplies fuel provides for the calculation of the payment as a
percentage of the gross revenue of the public utility, that gross
revenue is the aggregate of
gr + (qu.ns x vpu)
where:
“gr”

is the gross revenue of the public utility for the
year;

“qu.ns” is the quantity of fuel in respect of which
transportation service was provided during the
year by means of the fuel distribution system of
the provider of the public utility;
“vpu”

is the deemed value per unit quantity of fuel
determined by the Alberta Utilities Commission
for that year for the fuel in respect of which
transportation service was so provided.

(4.1) If a tax agreement with the operator of a public utility that
transports electricity by way of a transmission system, an electric
distribution system, or both, provides for the calculation of the
payment as a percentage of the gross revenue of the public utility,
that gross revenue is
(a) gr, or
(b) gr + (qu.ns x vpu),
where:
“gr”

is the gross revenue received by the public
utility under its distribution tariff for the year;

“qu.ns” is the quantity of electricity in respect of which
system access service, electric distribution
service, or both, were provided during the year
by means of the transmission system, the
electric distribution system, or both, of the
provider of the public utility;
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“vpu”

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is the deemed value per unit quantity of
electricity determined by the Alberta Utilities
Commission for that year for the electricity in
respect of which system access service, electric
distribution service, or both, were so provided.

(4.2) In subsection (4.1), “electric distribution service”, “electric
distribution system”, “electricity”, “system access service” and
“transmission system” have the meanings given to them in the
Electric Utilities Act.
(5) An agreement under this section with an operator who is
subject to regulation by the Alberta Utilities Commission is of no
effect unless it is approved by the Alberta Utilities Commission.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s360; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Exemptions based on use of property

361 The following are exempt from taxation under this Division:
(a) repealed 1996 c30 s27;
(b) residences and farm buildings to the extent prescribed in
the regulations;
(c) environmental reserves, conservation reserves, municipal
reserves, school reserves, municipal and school reserves
and other undeveloped property reserved for public
utilities.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s361;2017 c13 s1(34)

Exemptions for Government, churches and other bodies

362(1) The following are exempt from taxation under this
Division:
(a) any interest held by the Crown in right of Alberta or
Canada in property other than property that is held by a
Provincial corporation as defined in the Financial
Administration Act;
(b) property held by a municipality, except the following:
(i) property from which the municipality earns revenue
and which is not operated as a public benefit;
(ii) property that is operated as a public benefit but that
has annual revenue that exceeds the annual operating
costs;
(iii) an electric power system;
(iv) a telecommunications system;
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(v) a natural gas or propane system located in a hamlet,
village, summer village, town or city or in a school
district that is authorized under the School Act to
impose taxes and has a population in excess of 500
people;
(c) property, other than a student dormitory, used in
connection with school purposes and held by
(i) the board of trustees of a school district, school
division or regional division,
(i.1) the Regional authority for a Francophone Education
Region established under the School Act,
(i.2) the operator of a charter school established under the
School Act, or
(ii) the operator of a private school registered under the
School Act;
(d) property, other than a student dormitory, used in
connection with educational purposes and held by any of
the following:
(i) the board of governors of a university, technical
institute or public college under the Post-secondary
Learning Act;
(ii) the governing body of an educational institution
affiliated with a university under the Post-secondary
Learning Act;
(iii) a students association or graduate students
association of a university under the Post-secondary
Learning Act;
(iv) a students association of a technical institute or
public college under the Post-secondary Learning
Act;
(v) the board of governors of the Banff Centre under the
Post-secondary Learning Act;
(e) property, other than a student dormitory, used in
connection with hospital purposes and held by a hospital
board that receives financial assistance from the Crown;
(f) property held by a regional services commission;
(g) repealed by RSA 2000;
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(g.1) property used in connection with health region purposes
and held by a health region under the Regional Health
Authorities Act that receives financial assistance from the
Crown under any Act;
(h) property used in connection with nursing home purposes
and held by a nursing home administered under the
Nursing Homes Act;
(i) repealed 1998 c24 s29;
(j) property used in connection with library purposes and
held by a library board established under the Libraries
Act;
(k) property held by a religious body and used chiefly for
divine service, public worship or religious education and
any parcel of land that is held by the religious body and
used only as a parking area in connection with those
purposes;
(l) property consisting of any of the following:
(i) a parcel of land, to a maximum of 10 hectares, that is
used as a cemetery as defined in the Cemeteries Act;
(ii) any additional land that has been conveyed by the
owner of the cemetery to individuals to be used as
burial sites;
(iii) any improvement on land described in subclause (i)
or (ii) that is used for burial purposes;
(m) property held by
(i) a foundation constituted under the Senior Citizens
Housing Act, RSA 1980 cS-13, before July 1, 1994,
or
(ii) a management body established under the Alberta
Housing Act,
and used to provide senior citizens with lodge
accommodation as defined in the Alberta Housing Act;
(n) property that is
(i) owned by a municipality and held by a non-profit
organization in an official capacity on behalf of the
municipality,

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(ii) held by a non-profit organization and used solely for
community games, sports, athletics or recreation for
the benefit of the general public,
(iii) used for a charitable or benevolent purpose that is for
the benefit of the general public, and owned by
(A) the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada, a
municipality or any other body that is exempt
from taxation under this Division and held by a
non-profit organization, or
(B) by a non-profit organization,
(iv) held by a non-profit organization and used to provide
senior citizens with lodge accommodation as defined
in the Alberta Housing Act, or
(v) held by and used in connection with a society as
defined in the Agricultural Societies Act or with a
community association as defined in the regulations,
and that meets the qualifications and conditions in the
regulations and any other property that is described and
that meets the qualifications and conditions in the
regulations;
(o) property
(i) owned by a municipality and used solely for the
operation of an airport by the municipality, or
(ii) held under a lease, licence or permit from a
municipality and used solely for the operation of an
airport by the lessee, licensee or permittee;
(p) a municipal seed cleaning plant constructed under an
agreement authorized by section 7 of the Agricultural
Service Board Act, to the extent of 2/3 of the assessment
prepared under Part 9 for the plant, but not including the
land attributable to the plant.
(2) Except for properties described in subsection (1)(n)(i), (ii) or
(iv), a council may by bylaw make any property that is exempt
from taxation under subsection (1)(n) subject to taxation under this
Division to any extent the council considers appropriate.
(3) A council proposing to pass a bylaw under subsection (2) must
notify, in writing, any person or group that will be affected of the
proposed bylaw.

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(4) A bylaw under subsection (2) has no effect until one year after
it is passed.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s362;2003 cP-19.5 s142;2017 c13 s1(35)

Electric energy generation systems exemptions

362.1 Despite sections 359.1(4) and 359.2(4), the Minister may
by order exempt, in respect of a taxation year, to any extent the
Minister considers appropriate, one or more electric power systems
used or intended for use in the generation or gathering of electricity
from taxation for the purpose of raising the revenue needed to pay
the requisitions referred to in section 326(1)(a)(ii) and (iii).
2017 c13 s1(36)

Exempt property that can be made taxable

363(1) The following are exempt from taxation under this
Division:
(a) property held by and used in connection with Ducks
Unlimited (Canada) under a lease, licence or permit from
the Crown in right of Alberta or Canada;
(b) property held by and used in connection with
(i) the Canadian Hostelling Association -- Northern
Alberta District,
(ii) the Southern Alberta Hostelling Association,
(iii) Hostelling International -- Canada -- Northern
Alberta, or
(iv) Hostelling International -- Canada -- Southern
Alberta,
unless the property is operated for profit or gain;
(c) property held by and used in connection with a branch or
local unit of the Royal Canadian Legion, the Army, Navy
and Air Force Veterans in Canada or other organization of
former members of any allied forces;
(d) student dormitories.
(2) A council may by bylaw make any property listed in
subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) subject to taxation under this Division
to any extent the council considers appropriate.
(3) A council may by bylaw make any property referred to in
subsection (1)(d) subject to taxation to any extent the council
considers appropriate other than for the purpose of raising revenue
needed to pay the requisitions referred to in section 326(1)(a).
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(4) A council proposing to pass a bylaw under subsection (2) must
notify, in writing, the person or group that will be affected of the
proposed bylaw.
(5) A bylaw under subsection (2) has no effect until the expiration
of one year after it is passed.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s363;2017 c13 s1(37)

Exemptions granted by bylaw

364(1) A council may by bylaw exempt from taxation under this
Division property held by a non-profit organization.
(1.1) A council may by bylaw exempt from taxation under this
Division machinery and equipment used for manufacturing or
processing.
(2) Property is exempt under this section to any extent the council
considers appropriate.
1994 cM-26.1 s364;1995 c24 s53

Brownfield tax incentives

364.1(1) In this section, “brownfield property” means property,
other than designated industrial property, that
(a) is a commercial or industrial property when a bylaw under
subsection (2) is made or an agreement under subsection
(11) is entered into in respect of the property, or was a
commercial or industrial property at any earlier time, and
(b) in the opinion of the council making the bylaw,
(i) is, or possibly is, contaminated,
(ii) is vacant, derelict or under-utilized, and
(iii) is suitable for development or redevelopment for the
general benefit of the municipality when a bylaw
under subsection (2) is made or an agreement under
subsection (11) is entered into in respect of the
property.
(2) A council may by bylaw, for the purpose of encouraging
development or redevelopment for the general benefit of the
municipality, provide for
(a) full or partial exemptions from taxation under this
Division for brownfield properties, or
(b) deferrals of the collection of tax under this Division on
brownfield properties.
(3) A bylaw under subsection (2)
216

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) must identify the brownfield properties in respect of
which an application may be made for a full or partial
exemption or for a deferral,
(b) may set criteria to be met for a brownfield property to
qualify for an exemption or deferral,
(c) must specify the taxation year or years for which the
identified brownfield properties may qualify for an
exemption or deferral, and
(d) must specify any conditions the breach of which cancels
an exemption or deferral and the taxation year or years to
which the condition applies.
(4) Before giving second reading to a bylaw proposed to be made
under subsection (2), a council must hold a public hearing with
respect to the proposed bylaw in accordance with section 230 after
giving notice of it in accordance with section 606.
(5) An owner of brownfield property identified in a bylaw under
subsection (2) may apply in the form and manner required by the
municipality for an exemption or deferral in respect of the property.
(6) If after reviewing the application a designated officer of the
municipality determines that the brownfield property meets the
requirements of the bylaw for a full or partial exemption or for a
deferral of the collection of tax under this Division, the designated
officer may issue a certificate granting the exemption or deferral.
(7) The certificate must set out
(a) the taxation years to which the exemption or deferral
applies, which must not include any tax year earlier than
the tax year in which the certificate is issued,
(b) in the case of a partial exemption, the extent of the
exemption, and
(c) all criteria, conditions and taxation years specified in the
bylaw in accordance with subsection (3).
(8) If at any time after an exemption or deferral is granted under a
bylaw under this section a designated officer of the municipality
determines that the property did not meet or has ceased to meet a
criterion referred to in subsection (3)(b) or that a condition referred
to in subsection (3)(d) has been breached, the designated officer
must cancel the exemption or deferral for the taxation year or years
in which the criterion was not met or to which the condition
applies.

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(9) Where a designated officer refuses to grant an exemption or
deferral, a written notice of the refusal must be sent to the applicant
stating the reasons for the refusal and the date by which any
complaint must be made, which date must be 60 days after the
written notice of refusal is sent.
(10) An exemption or deferral granted under a bylaw under this
section remains valid, subject to subsection (8) and the criteria and
conditions on which it was granted, regardless of whether the
bylaw is subsequently amended or repealed or otherwise ceases to
have effect.
(11) Despite subsections (2) to (10), a council may enter into an
agreement with the owner of a brownfield property
(a) exempting, either fully or partially, the brownfield
property from taxation under this Division, or
(b) deferring the collection of tax under this Division on the
brownfield property.
(12) The agreement must specify
(a) the taxation years to which the exemption or deferral
applies, which must not include any tax year earlier than
the one in which the agreement is entered into,
(b) the conditions on which the exemption or deferral is
granted, and
(c) the consequences, rights and remedies arising in the event
of any breach.
(13) Before voting on a resolution to enter into an agreement
referred to in subsection (11), a council must hold a public hearing
with respect to the proposed agreement in accordance with section
230 after giving notice of it in accordance with section 606.
2016 c24 s58

Licensed premises

365(1) Property that is licensed under the Gaming and Liquor Act
is not exempt from taxation under this Division, despite sections
351(1)(b) and 361 to 364.1 and any other Act.
(2) Despite subsection (1), property listed in section 362(1)(n) in
respect of which a licence that is specified in the regulations has
been issued is exempt from taxation under this Division.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s365;2016 c24 s59

218

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Grants in place of taxes

366(1) Each year a municipality may apply to the Crown for a
grant if there is property in the municipality that the Crown has an
interest in.
(2) The Crown may pay to the municipality a grant not exceeding
the amount that would be recoverable by the municipality if the
property that the Crown has an interest in were not exempt from
taxation under this Division.
(3) When calculating a grant under this section, the following must
not be considered as Crown property unless subsection (4) applies:
(a) property listed in section 298;
(b) museums and historical sites;
(c) public works reserves;
(d) property used in connection with academic, trade, forestry
or agricultural schools, colleges or universities, including
student dormitories;
(e) property used in connection with hospitals and institutions
for mentally disabled persons;
(f) property owned by an agent of the Crown in respect of
which another enactment provides for payment of a grant
in place of a property tax;
(g) property in respect of which the Crown is not the assessed
person.
(4) If any of the property listed in subsection (3) is a single family
residence, the property must be considered as Crown property
when calculating a grant under this section.
(5) The Crown may pay a grant under this section in respect of
property referred to in subsection (3)(g) if in the Crown’s opinion it
is appropriate to do so.
1994 cM-26.1 s366;1996 c30 s31

Property that is partly exempt and partly taxable

367 A property may contain one or more parts that are exempt
from taxation under this Division, but the taxes that are imposed
against the taxable part of the property under this Division are
recoverable against the entire property.
1994 cM-26.1 s367

219

Section 368

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Changes in taxable status of property

368(1) An exempt property or part of an exempt property becomes
taxable if
(a) the use of the property changes to one that does not
qualify for the exemption, or
(b) the occupant of the property changes to one who does not
qualify for the exemption.
(2) A taxable property or part of a taxable property becomes
exempt if
(a) the use of the property changes to one that qualifies for
the exemption, or
(b) the occupant of the property changes to one who qualifies
for the exemption.
(3) If the taxable status of property changes, a tax imposed in
respect of it must be prorated so that the tax is payable only for the
part of the year in which the property, or part of it, is not exempt.
(4) When a designated manufactured home is moved out of a
municipality,
(a) it becomes exempt from taxation by that municipality
when it is moved, and
(b) it becomes taxable by another municipality when it is
located in that other municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s368;1996 c30 s32;1998 c24 s31

Supplementary property tax bylaw

369(1) If in any year a council passes a bylaw authorizing
supplementary assessments to be prepared in respect of property,
the council must, in the same year, pass a bylaw authorizing it to
impose a supplementary tax in respect of that property.
(2) A council that passes a bylaw referred to in subsection (1) must
use the tax rates set by its property tax bylaw as the supplementary
tax rates to be imposed.
(2.01) A council may pass a bylaw authorizing it to impose a
supplementary tax for designated industrial property only if it
passes a bylaw authorizing it to impose a supplementary tax in
respect of all other property in the municipality.
(2.1) Despite subsection (2), the tax rates required to raise the
revenue to pay requisitions referred to in sections 192 and 194 of
the School Act must not be applied as supplementary tax rates.
220

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The municipality must prepare a supplementary property tax
roll, which may be a continuation of the supplementary property
assessment roll prepared under Part 9 or may be separate from that
roll.
(4) A supplementary property tax roll must show
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
property tax roll, and
(b) the date for determining the tax that may be imposed
under the supplementary property tax bylaw.
(5) Sections 327(4), 328, 330 and 331 apply in respect of a
supplementary property tax roll.
(6) The municipality must
(a) prepare supplementary property tax notices for all taxable
property shown on the supplementary property tax roll of
the municipality, and
(b) send the supplementary property tax notices to the persons
liable to pay the taxes.
(7) Sections 333(4), 334, 335, 336, 337 and 338 apply in respect of
supplementary property tax notices.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s369;2016 c24 s60

Regulations

370 The Minister may make regulations
(a) prescribing the extent to which residences and farm
buildings are exempt from taxation under this Division;
(b) respecting the calculation of a tax rate to be imposed on
linear property;
(b.1) respecting the setting of tax rates referred to in section
354(3.1);
(c) describing other property that is exempt from taxation
pursuant to section 362(1)(n), and respecting the
qualifications and conditions required for the purposes of
section 362(1)(n);
(c.1) respecting tax rolls and tax notices including, without
limitation, regulations
(i) respecting the information to be shown on a tax roll
and a tax notice;
221

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(ii) providing for the method of determining the person
liable to pay a property or other tax imposed under
this Part;
(iii) respecting the sending of tax notices;
(c.2) respecting designated industrial property assessment
requisitions and designated industrial property requisition
tax bylaws, including, without limitation, regulations
respecting the application of any provision of this Act,
with or without modification, to a designated industrial
property assessment requisition or a designated industrial
property requisition tax bylaw, or both;
(c.3) respecting tax exemptions and deferrals under section
364.1;
(d) specifying licences for the purposes of section 365(2);
(e) defining a community association for the purposes of this
Act;
(f) respecting the circumstances in which property is to be
considered to be used in connection with a purpose,
activity or other thing for the purposes of one or more
provisions of this Part;
(g) respecting the circumstances in which property is to be
considered to be held by a person or entity for the
purposes of one or more provisions of this Part.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s370;2005 c14 s13;
2016 c24 s61;2017 c13 s1(38)

Division 3
Business Tax
Business tax bylaw

371(1) Each council may pass a business tax bylaw.
(2) A business tax bylaw or any amendment to it applies to the
year in which it is passed, only if it is passed before May 1 of that
year.
1994 cM-26.1 s371

Taxable business

372(1) The business tax bylaw authorizes the council to impose a
tax in respect of all businesses operating in the municipality except
businesses that are exempt in accordance with that bylaw.

222

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) The tax must not be imposed in respect of a business that is
exempt under section 351, 375 or 376.
1994 cM-26.1 s372

Person liable to pay business tax

373(1) A tax imposed under this Division must be paid by the
person who operates the business.
(2) A person who purchases a business or in any other manner
becomes liable to be shown on the tax roll as a taxpayer must give
the municipality written notice of a mailing address to which
notices under this Division may be sent.
1994 cM-26.1 s373

Contents of business tax bylaw

374(1) The business tax bylaw must
(a) require assessments of businesses operating in the
municipality to be prepared and recorded on a business
assessment roll;
(b) specify one or more of the following methods of
assessment as the method or methods to be used to
prepare the assessments:
(i) assessment based on a percentage of the gross annual
rental value of the premises;
(i.1) assessment based on a percentage of the net annual
rental value of the premises;
(ii) assessment based on storage capacity of the premises
occupied for the purposes of the business;
(iii) assessment based on floor space, being the area of all
of the floors in a building and the area outside the
building that are occupied for the purposes of that
business;
(iv) assessment based on a percentage of the assessment
prepared under Part 9 for the premises occupied for
the purposes of the business;
(c) specify the basis on which a business tax may be imposed
by prescribing the following:
(i) for the assessment method referred to in clause (b)(i),
the percentage of the gross annual rental value;
(i.1) for the assessment method referred to in clause
(b)(i.1), the percentage of the net annual rental value;
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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(ii) for the assessment method referred to in clause
(b)(ii), the dollar rate per unit of storage capacity;
(iii) for the assessment method referred to in clause
(b)(iii), the dollar rate per unit of floor space;
(iv) for the assessment method referred to in clause
(b)(iv), the percentage of the assessment;
(d) establish a procedure for prorating and rebating business
taxes.
(2) A business tax bylaw may
(a) establish classes of business for the purpose of grouping
businesses,
(b) specify classes of business that are exempt from taxation
under this Division,
(c) require that taxes imposed under this Division be paid by
instalments, or
(d) include any other information considered appropriate by
the municipality.
(3) A business tax bylaw may provide that when a lessee who is
liable to pay the tax imposed under this Division in respect of any
leased premises sublets the whole or part of the premises, the
municipality may require the lessee or the sub-lessee to pay the tax
in respect of the whole or part of the premises.
1994 cM-26.1 s374;1999 c11 s19

Assessment not required

374.1 Despite section 374(1)(a), a municipality is not required to
prepare an assessment for any business in a class of business that is
exempt from taxation under the business tax bylaw.
1998 c24 s33

Exempt businesses

375 The following are exempt from taxation under this Division:
(a) a business operated by the Crown;
(b) an airport operated by a regional airports authority created
under section 5(2) of the Regional Airports Authorities
Act;
(c) property
(i) owned by a municipality and used solely for the
operation of an airport by the municipality, or
224

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(ii) held under a lease, licence or permit from a
municipality and used solely for the operation of an
airport by the lessee, licensee or permittee;
(d) a business operated by a non-profit organization on
property that is exempt from taxation under section
362(1)(n).
1994 cM-26.1 s375;1995 c24 s57;1998 c24 s34

Exemption when tax is payable under Division 2

376(1) When machinery and equipment or linear property is
located on premises occupied for the purposes of a business and a
property tax has been imposed in respect of the machinery and
equipment or linear property under Division 2 of this Part in any
year, the premises on which that property is located are exempt
from taxation under this Division in that year.
(2) If in any year the activities that result from the operation of the
machinery and equipment or linear property are not the chief
business carried on at the premises, the premises on which that
property is located are not exempt from taxation under this
Division in that year.
1994 cM-26.1 s376

Business tax rate bylaw

377(1) Each council that has passed a business tax bylaw must
pass a business tax rate bylaw annually.
(2) The business tax rate bylaw must set a business tax rate.
(3) If the business tax bylaw establishes classes of business, the
business tax rate bylaw must set a business tax rate for each class.
(4) The business tax rate may be different for each class of
business established by the business tax bylaw.
(5) The tax rates set by the business tax rate bylaw must not be
amended after the municipality sends the tax notices to the
taxpayers.
1994 cM-26.1 s377

Calculating amount of tax

378 The amount of tax to be imposed under this Division in
respect of a business is calculated by multiplying the assessment
for the business by the tax rate to be imposed on that business.
1994 cM-26.1 s378

Supplementary business tax bylaw

379(1) If in any year a council passes a bylaw authorizing
supplementary assessments to be prepared in respect of businesses,

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

the council must, in the same year, pass a bylaw authorizing it to
impose a supplementary tax in respect of those businesses.
(2) A council that passes a bylaw referred to in subsection (1) must
use the tax rates set by its business tax rate bylaw as the
supplementary tax rates to be imposed.
(3) The supplementary business tax must be imposed
(a) on each person who operates a business for a temporary
period and whose name is not entered on the business tax
roll,
(b) on each person who moves into new premises or opens
new premises or branches of an existing business,
although the person’s name is entered on the business tax
roll,
(c) on each person who begins operating a business and
whose name is not entered on the business tax roll, and
(d) on each person who increases the storage capacity or floor
space of the premises occupied for the purposes of a
business after the business tax roll has been prepared.
(4) The municipality must prepare a supplementary business tax
roll, which may be a continuation of the supplementary business
assessment roll or may be separate from that roll.
(5) A supplementary business tax roll must show
(a) the same information that is required to be shown on the
business tax roll, and
(b) the date for determining the tax that may be imposed
under the supplementary business tax bylaw.
(6) Sections 327(4), 328, 330 and 331 apply in respect of a
supplementary business tax roll.
(7) The municipality must
(a) prepare supplementary business tax notices for all taxable
businesses shown on the supplementary business tax roll
of the municipality, and
(b) send the supplementary business tax notices to the persons
liable to pay the taxes.
(8) Sections 333(4), 334, 335, 336, 337 and 338 apply in respect of
supplementary business tax notices.
1994 cM-26.1 s379

226

Section 380

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Grants in place of taxes

380(1) Each year a municipality may apply to the Crown for a
grant if there is a business in the municipality operated by the
Crown.
(2) The Crown may pay to the municipality a grant not exceeding
the amount that would be recoverable by the municipality if the
business operated by the Crown were not exempt from taxation
under this Division.
1994 cM-26.1 s380

Division 4
Business Improvement Area Tax
Regulations

381 The Minister may make regulations respecting a business
improvement area tax.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s381;2015 c8 s50

Division 4.1
Community Revitalization Levy
Definitions

381.1 In this Division,
(a) “incremental assessed value” means the increase in the
assessed value of property located in a community
revitalization levy area after the date the community
revitalization levy bylaw is approved by the Lieutenant
Governor in Council under section 381.2(3);
(b) “levy” means a community revitalization levy imposed
under section 381.2(2).
2005 c14 s14

Community revitalization levy bylaw

381.2(1) Each council may pass a community revitalization levy
bylaw.
(2) A community revitalization levy bylaw authorizes the council
to impose a levy in respect of the incremental assessed value of
property in a community revitalization levy area to raise revenue to
be used toward the payment of infrastructure and other costs
associated with the redevelopment of property in the community
revitalization levy area.
(3) A community revitalization levy bylaw has no effect unless it
is approved by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may approve a
community revitalization levy bylaw in whole or in part or with
variations and subject to conditions.
2005 c14 s14

Person liable to pay levy

381.3 A levy imposed under this Division must be paid by the
assessed persons of the property in the community revitalization
levy area.
2005 c14 s14

Incremental assessed value not subject to
equalized assessment or requisition

381.4(1) Subject to subsection (2), the incremental assessed value
of property in a community revitalization levy area shall not be
included for the purpose of calculating
(a) an equalized assessment under Part 9, or
(b) the amount of a requisition under Part 10.
(2) Subsection (1) applies in respect of property in a community
revitalization levy area only for 20 years from the year in which the
community revitalization levy bylaw is made or such shorter period
as determined by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.
2005 c14 s14

Regulations

381.5(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make
regulations
(a) establishing any area in Alberta as a community
revitalization levy area;
(b) respecting a levy including, without limitation, regulations
respecting the minimum and maximum levy that may be
imposed and the application of the levy;
(c) respecting the assessment of property, including
identifying or otherwise describing the assessed person in
respect of the property, in a community revitalization levy
area;
(d) respecting assessment rolls, assessment notices, tax rolls
and tax notices in respect of property in a community
revitalization levy area;
(e) respecting the application of any provision of this Act,
with or without modification, to a community
revitalization levy bylaw or a community revitalization
levy, or both;
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(f) respecting any other matter necessary or advisable to
carry out the intent and purpose of this Division.
(2) A regulation under subsection (1) may be specific to a
municipality or general in its application.
2005 c14 s14

Division 5
Special Tax
Special tax bylaw

382(1) Each council may pass a special tax bylaw to raise revenue
to pay for a specific service or purpose by imposing one or more of
the following special taxes:
(a) a waterworks tax;
(b) a sewer tax;
(c) a boulevard tax;
(d) a dust treatment tax;
(e) a paving tax;
(f) a tax to cover the cost of repair and maintenance of roads,
boulevards, sewer facilities and water facilities;
(g) repealed 2008 cE-6.6 s55;
(h) a tax to enable the municipality to provide incentives to
health professionals to reside and practice their
professions in the municipality;
(i) a fire protection area tax;
(j) a drainage ditch tax;
(k) a tax to provide a supply of water for the residents of a
hamlet;
(l) a recreational services tax.
(2) A special tax bylaw must be passed annually.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s382;2008 cE-6.6 s55

Taxable property

383(1) The special tax bylaw authorizes the council to impose the
tax in respect of property in any area of the municipality that will
benefit from the specific service or purpose stated in the bylaw.

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(2) The tax must not be imposed in respect of property that is
exempt under section 351.
1994 cM-26.1 s383

Contents of special tax bylaw

384 The special tax bylaw must
(a) state the specific service or purpose for which the bylaw is
passed,
(b) describe the area of the municipality that will benefit from
the service or purpose and in which the special tax is to be
imposed,
(c) state the estimated cost of the service or purpose, and
(d) state whether the tax rate is to be based on
(i) the assessment prepared in accordance with Part 9,
(ii) each parcel of land,
(iii) each unit of frontage, or
(iv) each unit of area,
and set the tax rate to be imposed in each case.
1994 cM-26.1 s384

Condition

385 A special tax bylaw must not be passed unless the estimated
cost of the specific service or purpose for which the tax is imposed
is included in the budget of the municipality as an estimated
expenditure.
1994 cM-26.1 s385

Use of revenue

386(1) The revenue raised by a special tax bylaw must be applied
to the specific service or purpose stated in the bylaw.
(2) If there is any excess revenue, the municipality must advertise
the use to which it proposes to put the excess revenue.
1994 cM-26.1 s386

Person liable to pay special tax

387 The person liable to pay the tax imposed in accordance with
a special tax bylaw is the owner of the property in respect of which
the tax is imposed.
1994 cM-26.1 s387;1999 c11 s20

230

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Division 6
Well Drilling Equipment Tax
Well drilling equipment tax bylaw

388(1) Each council may pass a well drilling equipment tax
bylaw.
(2) The well drilling equipment tax bylaw authorizes the council to
impose a tax in respect of equipment used to drill a well for which
a licence is required under the Oil and Gas Conservation Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s388

Person liable to pay the tax

389 A tax imposed under this Division must be paid by the
person who holds the licence required under the Oil and Gas
Conservation Act in respect of the well being drilled.
1994 cM-26.1 s389

Calculation of the tax

390(1) The Minister may make regulations prescribing the well
drilling equipment tax rate.
(2) A tax imposed under this Division must be calculated in
accordance with the tax rate prescribed under subsection (1).
1994 cM-26.1 s390

Division 7
Local Improvement Tax
Definition

391 In this Division, “local improvement” means a project
(a) that the council considers to be of greater benefit to an
area of the municipality than to the whole municipality,
and
(b) that is to be paid for in whole or in part by a tax imposed
under this Division.
1994 cM-26.1 s391

Petitioning rules

392(1) Sections 222 to 226 apply to petitions under this Division,
except as they are modified by this section.
(2) A petition is not a sufficient petition unless
(a) it is signed by 2/3 of the owners who would be liable to
pay the local improvement tax, and
(b) the owners who sign the petition represent at least 1/2 of
the value of the assessments prepared under Part 9 for the
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parcels of land in respect of which the tax will be
imposed.
(3) If a parcel of land is owned by more than one owner, the
owners are considered as one owner for the purpose of subsection
(2).
(4) If a municipality, school division, school district or health
region under the Regional Health Authorities Act is entitled to sign
a petition under this Division, it may give notice to the council
prior to or at the time the petition is presented to the council that its
name and the assessment prepared for its land under Part 9 are not
to be counted in determining the sufficiency of a petition under
subsection (2), and the council must comply with the notice.
(5) If a corporation, church, organization, estate or other entity is
entitled to sign a petition under this Division, the petition may be
signed on its behalf by a person who
(a) is at least 18 years old, and
(b) produces on request a certificate authorizing the person to
sign the petition.
1994 cM-26.1 s392;1994 cR-9.07 s25(24)

Proposal of local improvement

393(1) A council may on its own initiative propose a local
improvement.
(2) A group of owners in a municipality may petition the council
for a local improvement.
1994 cM-26.1 s393

Local improvement plan

394 If a local improvement is proposed, the municipality must
prepare a local improvement plan.
1994 cM-26.1 s394

Contents of plan

395(1) A local improvement plan must
(a) describe the proposed local improvement and its location,
(b) identify
(i) the parcels of land in respect of which the local
improvement tax will be imposed, and
(ii) the person who will be liable to pay the local
improvement tax,

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(c) state whether the tax rate is to be based on
(i) the assessment prepared in accordance with Part 9,
(ii) each parcel of land,
(iii) each unit of frontage, or
(iv) each unit of area,
(d) include the estimated cost of the local improvement,
(e) state the period over which the cost of the local
improvement will be spread,
(f) state the portion of the estimated cost of the local
improvement proposed to be paid
(i) by the municipality,
(ii) from revenue raised by the local improvement tax,
and
(iii) from other sources of revenue,
and
(g) include any other information the proponents of the local
improvement consider necessary.
(2) The estimated cost of a local improvement may include
(a) the actual cost of buying land necessary for the local
improvement,
(b) the capital cost of undertaking the local improvement,
(c) the cost of professional services needed for the local
improvement,
(d) the cost of repaying any existing debt on a facility that is
to be replaced or rehabilitated, and
(e) other expenses incidental to the undertaking of the local
improvement and to the raising of revenue to pay for it.
1994 cM-26.1 s395

Procedure after plan is prepared

396(1) When a local improvement plan has been prepared, the
municipality must send a notice to the persons who will be liable to
pay the local improvement tax.
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(2) A notice under subsection (1) must include a summary of the
information included in the local improvement plan.
(3) Subject to subsection (3.1), if a petition objecting to the local
improvement is filed with the chief administrative officer within 30
days from the notices’ being sent under subsection (1) and the chief
administrative officer declares the petition to be sufficient, the
council must not proceed with the local improvement.
(3.1) The council may, after the expiry of one year after the
petition is declared to be sufficient, re-notify in accordance with
subsections (1) and (2) the persons who would be liable to pay the
local improvement tax.
(4) If a sufficient petition objecting to the local improvement is not
filed with the chief administrative officer within 30 days from
sending the notices under subsection (1), the council may
undertake the local improvement and impose the local
improvement tax at any time in the 3 years following the sending
of the notices.
(5) When a council is authorized under subsection (4) to undertake
a local improvement and
(a) the project has not been started, or
(b) the project has been started but is not complete,
the council may impose the local improvement tax for one year,
after which the tax must not be imposed until the local
improvement has been completed or is operational.
1994 cM-26.1 s396;1995 c24 s58

Local improvement tax bylaw

397(1) A council must pass a local improvement tax bylaw in
respect of each local improvement.
(2) A local improvement tax bylaw authorizes the council to
impose a local improvement tax in respect of all land in a particular
area of the municipality to raise revenue to pay for the local
improvement that benefits that area of the municipality.
(2.1) Despite subsection (2), where the local improvement that is
the subject of a local improvement tax bylaw of a council of a
municipality is a road to benefit Crown land within an area of the
municipality, the local improvement tax bylaw does not authorize
the council to impose a local improvement tax to raise revenue to
pay for the local improvement unless, before it receives second
reading, the bylaw is approved by the Minister responsible for the
administration of the Crown land.

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(3) Despite section 351(1), no land is exempt from taxation under
this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s397;2015 c8 s51

Contents of bylaw

398(1) A local improvement tax bylaw must
(a) include all of the information required to be included in
the local improvement plan,
(b) provide for equal payments during each year in the period
over which the cost of the local improvement will be
spread,
(c) set a uniform tax rate to be imposed on
(i) the assessment prepared in accordance with Part 9,
(ii) each parcel of land,
(iii) each unit of frontage, or
(iv) each unit of area,
based on the cost of the local improvement less any
financial assistance provided to the municipality by the
Crown in right of Canada or Alberta, and
(d) include any other information the council considers
necessary.
(2) The local improvement tax bylaw may set the uniform tax rate
based on estimated average costs throughout the municipality for a
similar type of local improvement and that rate applies whether the
actual cost of the local improvement is greater or less than the
uniform tax rate.
1994 cM-26.1 s398

Start-up of a local improvement

399 The undertaking of a local improvement may be started, the
local improvement tax bylaw may be passed and debentures may
be issued before or after the actual cost of the local improvement
has been determined.
1994 cM-26.1 s399

Person liable to pay local improvement tax

400 The person liable to pay the tax imposed in accordance with
a local improvement tax bylaw is the owner of the parcel of land in
respect of which the tax is imposed.
1994 cM-26.1 s400

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Paying off a local improvement tax

401(1) The owner of a parcel of land in respect of which a local
improvement tax is imposed may pay the tax at any time.
(2) If the local improvement tax rate is subsequently reduced under
section 402 or 403, the council must refund to the owner the
appropriate portion of the tax paid.
1994 cM-26.1 s401

Variation of local improvement tax bylaw

402(1) If, after a local improvement tax has been imposed, there is
(a) a subdivision affecting a parcel of land, or
(b) a consolidation of 2 or more parcels of land,
in respect of which a local improvement tax is payable, the council,
with respect to future years, must revise the local improvement tax
bylaw so that each of the new parcels of land bears an appropriate
share of the local improvement tax.
(2) If, after a local improvement tax has been imposed,
(a) there is a change in a plan of subdivision affecting an area
that had not previously been subject to a local
improvement tax, and
(b) the council is of the opinion that as a result of the change
the new parcels of land receive a benefit from the local
improvement,
the council, with respect to future years, must revise the local
improvement tax bylaw so that each benefitting parcel of land
bears an appropriate share of the local improvement tax.
1994 cM-26.1 s402

Variation of local improvement tax rate

403(1) If, after a local improvement tax rate has been set, the
council
(a) receives financial assistance from the Crown in right of
Canada or Alberta or from other sources that is greater
than the amount estimated when the local improvement
tax rate was set, or
(b) refinances the debt created to pay for the local
improvement at an interest rate lower than the rate
estimated when the local improvement tax rate was set,

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the council, with respect to future years, may revise the rate so that
each benefitting parcel of land bears an appropriate share of the
actual cost of the local improvement.
(2) If, after a local improvement tax rate has been set, an alteration
is necessary following a complaint under Part 11 or an appeal
under Part 12 that is sufficient to reduce or increase the revenue
raised by the local improvement tax bylaw in any year by more
than 5%, the council, with respect to future years, may revise the
rate so that the local improvement tax bylaw will raise the revenue
originally anticipated for those years.
(3) If, after a local improvement tax rate has been set, it is
discovered that the actual cost of the local improvement is higher
than the estimated cost on which the local improvement tax rate is
based, the council may revise, once only over the life of the local
improvement, the rate with respect to future years so that the local
improvement tax bylaw will raise sufficient revenue to pay the
actual cost of the local improvement.
1994 cM-26.1 s403;1999 c11 s21

Unusual parcels

404 If some parcels of land in respect of which a local
improvement tax is to be imposed appear to call for a smaller or
larger proportionate share of the tax because they are corner lots or
are differently sized or shaped from other parcels, those parcels
may be assigned the number of units of measurement the council
considers appropriate to ensure that they will bear a fair portion of
the local improvement tax.
1994 cM-26.1 s404

Municipality’s share of the cost

405(1) A council may by bylaw require the municipality to pay
the cost of any part of a local improvement that the council
considers to be of benefit to the whole municipality.
(2) A bylaw under subsection (1) must be advertised if the cost to
be paid by the municipality exceeds 50% of the cost of the local
improvement less any financial assistance provided to the
municipality by the Crown in right of Canada or Alberta.
(3) If financial assistance is provided to the municipality by the
Crown in right of Canada or Alberta for a local improvement, the
council must apply the assistance to the cost of the local
improvement.
1994 cM-26.1 s405

Land required for local improvement

406(1) If a parcel of land is required before a local improvement
can be proceeded with, the council may agree with the owner of the
parcel that in consideration of
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(a) the dedication or gift to the municipality of the parcel of
land required, or
(b) a release of or reduction in the owner’s claim for
compensation for the parcel of land,
the remainder of the owner’s land is exempt from all or part of the
local improvement tax that would otherwise be imposed.
(2) The tax roll referred to in section 327 must be prepared in
accordance with an agreement under this section, despite anything
to the contrary in this Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s406

Exemption from local improvement tax

407(1) If a sanitary or storm sewer or a water main is constructed
along a road or constructed in addition to or as a replacement of an
existing facility
(a) along which it would not have been constructed except to
reach some other area of the municipality, or
(b) in order to provide capacity for future development and
the existing sanitary and storm sewers and water mains
are sufficient for the existing development in the area,
the council may exempt from taxation under the local improvement
tax bylaw, to the extent the council considers fair, the parcels of
land abutting the road or place.
(2) If a local improvement tax is imposed for a local improvement
that replaces a similar type of local improvement,
(a) the balance owing on the existing local improvement tax
must be added to the cost of the new local improvement,
or
(b) the council must exempt the parcels of land in respect of
which the existing local improvement tax is imposed from
the tax that would be imposed for the new local
improvement.
1994 cM-26.1 s407

Sewers

408(1) A municipality may construct a local improvement for
sewer if
(a) the council approves the construction,
(b) the construction is recommended by the Minister of
Health or the medical health officer, and
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(c) the council considers it to be in the public interest to do
so.
(2) The owners of the parcels of land that benefit from a local
improvement for sewer have no right to petition against its
construction.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s408;2013 c10 s37

Private connection to a local improvement

409(1) If a local improvement for sewer or water has been
constructed, the municipality may construct private connections
from the local improvement to the street line if the council
approves the construction.
(2) The cost of constructing a private connection must be imposed
against the parcel of land that benefits from it and the owner of the
parcel has no right to petition against its construction.
1994 cM-26.1 s409

Division 7.1
Community Aggregate Payment Levy
Community aggregate payment levy bylaw

409.1(1) Each council may pass a community aggregate payment
levy bylaw.
(2) A community aggregate payment levy bylaw authorizes the
council to impose a levy in respect of all sand and gravel
businesses operating in the municipality to raise revenue to be used
toward the payment of infrastructure and other costs in the
municipality.
2005 c14 s15

Person liable to pay levy

409.2 A levy imposed under this Division must be paid by the
persons who operate sand and gravel operations in the
municipality.
2005 c14 s15

Regulations

409.3(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting a levy referred to in section 409.1(2),
including, without limitation, regulations respecting the
maximum levy that may be imposed and the application
of the levy;
(b) respecting the application of any provision of this Act,
with or without modification, to a community aggregate
payment levy bylaw or a community aggregate payment
levy, or both;
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(c) respecting any other matter necessary or advisable to
carry out the intent and purpose of this Division.
(2) A regulation under subsection (1) may be specific to a
municipality or general in its application.
2005 c14 s15

Division 8
Recovery of Taxes Related to Land
Definitions

410 In this Division,
(a) “encumbrance” means an encumbrance as defined in the
Land Titles Act;
(b) “encumbrancee” means the owner of an encumbrance;
(b.1) “parcel of land” means a parcel of land and the
improvements on it;
(c) “Registrar” means the Registrar, as defined in the Land
Titles Act, of the appropriate Land Titles Office;
(c.1) “remedial costs” means all expenses incurred by the
Government of Alberta to perform work under an
environmental protection order or an enforcement order
issued under the Environmental Protection and
Enhancement Act;
(d) “reserve bid” means the minimum price at which a
municipality is willing to sell a parcel of land at a public
auction;
(e) “tax” means a property tax, a community revitalization
levy, a special tax, a local improvement tax or a
community aggregate payment levy;
(f) “tax recovery notification” means a notice, in writing, that
part or all of the taxes imposed in respect of a parcel of
land by a municipality are in arrears.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s410;2005 c14 s16

Methods of recovering taxes in arrears

411(1) A municipality may attempt to recover tax arrears in
respect of a parcel of land
(a) in accordance with this Division, and
(b) subject to subsection (2), in accordance with any other
Act or common law right.
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(2) A municipality may start an action under subsection (1)(b) at
any time before
(a) the parcel is sold at a public auction under section 418, or
(b) the parcel is disposed of in accordance with section 425,
whichever occurs first.
1994 cM-26.1 s411

Tax arrears list

412(1) A municipality must annually, not later than March 31,
(a) prepare a tax arrears list showing the parcels of land in the
municipality in respect of which there are tax arrears for
more than one year,
(b) send 2 copies of the tax arrears list to the Registrar,
(b.1) send a copy of the tax arrears list to the Minister
responsible for the Unclaimed Personal Property and
Vested Property Act, and
(c) post a copy of the tax arrears list in a place that is
accessible to the public during regular business hours.
(2) A tax arrears list must not include a parcel of land in respect of
which there is in existence a tax recovery notification from
previous years, unless that notification has been removed from the
certificate of title for that parcel.
(3) The municipality must notify the persons who are liable to pay
the tax arrears that a tax arrears list has been prepared and sent to
the Registrar.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s412;2007 cU-1.5 s73

Tax recovery notification

413(1) The Registrar must endorse on the certificate of title for
each parcel of land shown on the tax arrears list a tax recovery
notification.
(2) The Registrar must certify, on a copy of the tax arrears list, that
tax recovery notifications have been endorsed in accordance with
subsection (1) and return the certified copy of the tax arrears list to
the municipality with a statement of the costs payable to the Land
Titles Office by the municipality.
(3) The municipality is responsible for the payment of the costs
referred to in subsection (2) but may add the costs to the taxes
owing in respect of the parcels of land shown on the tax arrears list.

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(4) The Registrar must not remove a tax recovery notification from
a certificate of title until the municipality at whose request it was
endorsed on the certificate of title requests its removal.
1994 cM-26.1 s413

Removal of improvements

414 When a tax recovery notification has been endorsed on a
certificate of title for a parcel of land, the person who is liable to
pay the taxes must not remove from the parcel, unless the
municipality at whose request the notification was endorsed on the
certificate of title consents, any improvements for which that
person is also liable to pay the taxes.
1994 cM-26.1 s414

Right to pay tax arrears

415(1) After a tax recovery notification has been endorsed on the
certificate of title for a parcel of land, any person may pay the tax
arrears in respect of the parcel.
(2) On payment of the tax arrears under subsection (1), the
municipality must ask the Registrar to remove the tax recovery
notification.
(3) Subject to section 423(3), a person may exercise the right
under subsection (1) at any time before the municipality disposes
of the parcel in accordance with section 425.
1994 cM-26.1 s415

Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears

416(1) After a tax recovery notification has been endorsed on the
certificate of title for a parcel of land, the municipality may send a
notice to any person who holds the parcel under a lease from the
owner, requiring that person to pay the rent as it becomes due to
the municipality until the tax arrears have been paid.
(2) Not less than 14 days before a municipality sends a notice
under subsection (1), it must send a notice to the owner of the
parcel of land advising the owner of the municipality’s intention to
proceed under subsection (1).
(2.1) When a parcel of land shown on a tax arrears list is land
described in section 304(1)(c) in respect of another municipality, or
in section 304(1)(d) or (e), the municipality may send a notice to
any person who holds the parcel or a portion of it under a lease,
licence or permit from the assessed person to pay the rent, licence
fees or permit fees, as the case may be, to the municipality as they
become due until the tax arrears have been paid.
(2.2) Not less than 14 days before a municipality sends a notice
under subsection (2.1), it must send a notice to the assessed person
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advising the person of the municipality’s intention to proceed under
subsection (2.1).
(2.3) Where a parcel of land described in section 304(1)(c) is held
under a lease, licence or permit from the Crown in right of Alberta,
(a) the Crown must, on a quarterly basis, notify the
municipality in which the parcel is located of any changes
in the status of the lease, licence or permit, as the case
may be, and
(b) the municipality must send to the Crown that portion of
the tax arrears list showing the parcels of land described
in section 304(1)(c) that are held by the Crown.
(3) This section does not prevent the municipality from exercising
any other right it has to collect the tax arrears.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s416;2015 c8 s52

Warning of sale

417(1) Not later than the August 1 following receipt of a copy of
the tax arrears list, the Registrar must, in respect of each parcel of
land shown on the tax arrears list, send a notice to
(a) the owner of the parcel of land,
(b) any person who has an interest in the parcel that is
evidenced by a caveat registered by the Registrar, and
(c) each encumbrancee shown on the certificate of title for the
parcel.
(2) The notice must state
(a) that if the tax arrears in respect of the parcel of land are
not paid before March 31 in the next year, the
municipality will offer the parcel for sale at a public
auction, and
(b) that the municipality may become the owner of the parcel
after the public auction if the parcel is not sold at the
public auction.
(3) The notice must be sent to the address shown on the records of
the Land Titles Office for each person referred to in subsection (1).
1994 cM-26.1 s417;1995 c24 s61

Offer of parcel for sale

418(1) Each municipality must offer for sale at a public auction
any parcel of land shown on its tax arrears list if the tax arrears are
not paid.
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(2) Unless subsection (4) applies, the public auction must be held
in the period beginning on the date referred to in section 417(2)(a)
and ending on March 31 of the year immediately following that
date.
(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a parcel in respect of which
the municipality has started an action under section 411(2) to
recover the tax arrears before the date of the public auction.
(4) The municipality may enter into an agreement with the owner
of a parcel of land shown on its tax arrears list providing for the
payment of the tax arrears over a period not exceeding 3 years, and
in that event the parcel need not be offered for sale under
subsection (1) until
(a) the agreement has expired, or
(b) the owner of the parcel breaches the agreement,
whichever occurs first.
1994 cM-26.1 s418;1995 c24 s62;1996 c30 s35

Reserve bid and conditions of sale

419 The council must set
(a) for each parcel of land to be offered for sale at a public
auction, a reserve bid that is as close as reasonably
possible to the market value of the parcel, and
(b) any conditions that apply to the sale.
1994 cM-26.1 s419

Right to possession

420(1) From the date on which a parcel of land is offered for sale
at a public auction, the municipality is entitled to possession of the
parcel.
(2) For the purposes of obtaining possession of a parcel of land, a
designated officer may enter the parcel and take possession of it for
and in the name of the municipality and, if in so doing resistance is
encountered, the municipality may apply to the Court of Queen’s
Bench for an order for the possession of the parcel.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s420;2009 c53 s119

Advertisement of public auction

421(1) The municipality must advertise the public auction
(a) in one issue of The Alberta Gazette, not less than 40 days
and not more than 90 days before the date on which the
public auction is to be held, and

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(b) in one issue of a newspaper having general circulation in
the municipality, not less than 10 days and not more than
20 days before the date on which the public auction is to
be held.
(2) The advertisement must specify the date, time and location of
the public auction, the conditions of sale and a description of each
parcel of land to be offered for sale.
(3) The advertisement must state that the municipality may, after
the public auction, become the owner of any parcel of land not sold
at the public auction.
(4) Not less than 4 weeks before the date of the public auction, the
municipality must send a copy of the advertisement referred to in
subsection (1)(a) to
(a) the owner of each parcel of land to be offered for sale,
(b) each person who has an interest in any parcel to be offered
for sale that is evidenced by a caveat registered by the
Registrar, and
(c) each encumbrancee shown on the certificate of title for
each parcel to be offered for sale.
1994 cM-26.1 s421;1995 c24 s63

Adjournment of auction

422(1) The municipality may adjourn the holding of a public
auction to any date within 2 months after the advertised date.
(2) If a public auction is adjourned, the municipality must post a
notice in a place that is accessible to the public during regular
business hours, showing the new date on which the public auction
is to be held.
(3) If a public auction is cancelled as a result of the tax arrears
being paid, the municipality must post a notice in a place that is
accessible to the public during regular business hours stating that
the auction is cancelled.
1994 cM-26.1 s422

Right to a clear title

423(1) A person who purchases a parcel of land at a public
auction acquires the land free of all encumbrances, except
(a) encumbrances arising from claims of the Crown in right
of Canada,
(b) irrigation or drainage debentures,

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(c) caveats referred to in section 39(12) of the Condominium
Property Act,
(d) registered easements and instruments registered pursuant
to section 69 of the Land Titles Act,
(e) right of entry orders as defined in the Surface Rights Act
registered under the Land Titles Act,
(e.1) a caveat that, pursuant to section 3.1(6)(f)(iv) of the New
Home Buyer Protection Act, remains registered against
the certificate of title to the land,
(f) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 38 of the Rural
Utilities Act,
(g) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 20 of the Rural
Electrification Loan Act, and
(h) liens registered pursuant to section 21 of the Rural
Electrification Long-term Financing Act.
(2) A parcel of land is sold at a public auction when the person
who is acting as the auctioneer declares the parcel sold.
(3) There is no right under section 415 to pay the tax arrears in
respect of a parcel after it is declared sold.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s423;2015 c8 s53

Transfer of parcel to municipality

424(1) The municipality at whose request a tax recovery
notification was endorsed on the certificate of title for a parcel of
land may become the owner of the parcel after the public auction, if
the parcel is not sold at the public auction.
(2) If the municipality wishes to become the owner of the parcel of
land, it must request the Registrar to cancel the existing certificate
of title for the parcel of land and issue a certificate of title in the
name of the municipality.
(3) A municipality that becomes the owner of a parcel of land
pursuant to subsection (1) acquires the land free of all
encumbrances, except
(a) encumbrances arising from claims of the Crown in right
of Canada,
(b) irrigation or drainage debentures,
(c) registered easements and instruments registered pursuant
to section 69 of the Land Titles Act,
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) right of entry orders as defined in the Surface Rights Act
registered under the Land Titles Act,
(e) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 38 of the Rural
Utilities Act,
(f) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 20 of the Rural
Electrification Loan Act, and
(g) liens registered pursuant to section 21 of the Rural
Electrification Long-term Financing Act.
(4) A certificate of title issued to the municipality under this
section must be marked “Tax Forfeiture” by the Registrar.
1994 cM-26.1 s424;1995 c24 s64;1996 c30 s36;1998 c24 s38;
1999 c11 s23

Right to dispose of parcel

425(1) A municipality that becomes the owner of a parcel of land
pursuant to section 424 may dispose of the parcel
(a) by selling it at a price that is as close as reasonably
possible to the market value of the parcel, or
(b) by depositing in the account referred to in section
427(1)(a) an amount of money equal to the price at which
the municipality would be willing to sell the parcel under
clause (a).
(2) The municipality may grant a lease, licence or permit in respect
of the parcel.
(3) Repealed 1995 c24 s65.
(4) If a parcel of land is disposed of under subsection (1), the
municipality must request the Registrar to delete the words “Tax
Forfeiture” from the certificate of title issued in the name of the
municipality for the parcel.
1994 cM-26.1 s425;1995 c24 s65

Minister’s authority to transfer parcel

425.1(1) The Minister may administer, transfer to another
Minister, transfer to the municipality in which the land is situated
or, subject to section 425, dispose of any parcel of land acquired by
the Minister under this Part or a predecessor of this Part.
(2) The Minister may cancel the tax arrears on any land referred to
in subsection (1) and require the Registrar to remove the tax
recovery notification caveat respecting those tax arrears.
1995 c24 s66

247

Section 426

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

Revival of title on payment of arrears

426(1) If the tax arrears in respect of a parcel of land are paid after
the municipality becomes the owner of the parcel under section 424
but before the municipality disposes of the parcel under section
425(1), the municipality must notify the Registrar.
(2) The Registrar must cancel the certificate of title issued under
section 424(2) and revive the certificate of title that was cancelled
under section 424(2).
(3) A certificate of title revived by the Registrar is subject
(a) to the same notifications, charges and encumbrances to
which it would have been subject if it had not been
cancelled under section 424(2), and
(b) to any estate, interest or encumbrance created while the
parcel was registered in the name of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s426;1996 c30 s37

Separate account for sale proceeds

427(1) The money paid for a parcel of land at a public auction or
pursuant to section 425
(a) must be deposited by the municipality in an account that
is established solely for the purpose of depositing money
from the sale or disposition of land under this Division,
and
(b) must be paid out in accordance with this section and
section 428.
(2) The following must be paid first and in the following order:
(a) any remedial costs relating to the parcel;
(a.1) the tax arrears in respect of the parcel;
(b) any lawful expenses of the municipality in respect of the
parcel;
(c) any expenses owing to the Crown that have been charged
against the parcel of land under section 553;
(d) an administration fee of 5% of the amount paid for the
parcel, payable to the municipality.
(3) If there is any money remaining after payment of the tax
arrears and costs listed in subsection (2), the municipality must
notify the previous owner that there is money remaining.

248

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3.1) Subject to subsection (3.3), if the municipality is satisfied
that there are no debts that are secured by an encumbrance on the
certificate of title for the parcel of land, the municipality may pay
the money remaining to the previous owner.
(3.2) If the municipality is not satisfied that there are no debts that
are secured by an encumbrance on the certificate of title for the
parcel of land, the municipality must notify the previous owner that
an application may be made under section 428(1) to recover all or
part of the money.
(3.3) For the purposes of this Division, “previous owner” includes
the Crown in right of Alberta if the municipality has been notified
by the Minister responsible for the Unclaimed Personal Property
and Vested Property Act that the land has vested in the Crown, and
any money remaining after payment of the tax arrears and costs set
out in subsection (2) must be paid to the Minister responsible for
the Unclaimed Personal Property and Vested Property Act.
(4) Money paid to a municipality under a lease, licence or permit
granted under section 425(2) must be placed in the account referred
to in subsection (1) and distributed in accordance with this section
and section 428.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s427;2007 cU-1.5 s73

Distribution of surplus sale proceeds

428(1) A person may apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for an
order declaring that the person is entitled to a part of the money in
the account referred to in section 427(1).
(2) An application under this section must be made within 10 years
after
(a) the date of the public auction, if the parcel was sold at a
public auction, or
(b) the date of a sale under section 425, if the parcel was sold
at a sale under that section.
(3) The Court must decide if notice must be given to any person
other than the applicant and in that event the hearing must be
adjourned to allow notice to be given.
(4) In making an order, the Court must have regard to the priorities
in which sale proceeds are distributed in a foreclosure action.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s428;2009 c53 s119

Payment of undistributed money to municipality

428.1 If no application is made under section 428 within the
10-year period referred to in section 428(2), the municipality may,

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

for any purpose, use the money deposited in accordance with
section 427 that remains undistributed.
1995 c24 s68

Transfer to municipality after 15 years

428.2(1) Despite anything in this Division, where a parcel of land
has been offered for sale but not sold at a public auction and the
certificate of title for the parcel has been marked “Tax Forfeiture”
by the Registrar, the municipality may request the Registrar to
cancel the existing certificate of title for the parcel of land and
issue a certificate of title in the name of the municipality on the
expiry of 15 years following the date of the public auction.
(1.1) This section does not apply to land respecting which the
Minister responsible for the Unclaimed Personal Property and
Vested Property Act has notified the municipality that the land has
vested in the Crown.
(2) On the issuance of a certificate of title in the name of the
municipality, all responsibilities of the municipality under this
Division to the previous owner of the parcel of land cease.
(3) Where a certificate of title is issued to a municipality under
subsection (1) and there are remedial costs owing in respect of the
parcel of land, the municipality must deposit in the Environmental
Protection and Enhancement Fund established under the
Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act the lesser of
(a) the fair market value of the parcel of land, and
(b) the amount of the remedial costs.
(4) A municipality that becomes the owner of a parcel of land
pursuant to subsection (1) acquires the land free of all
encumbrances, except
(a) encumbrances arising from claims of the Crown in right
of Canada,
(b) irrigation or drainage debentures,
(c) registered easements and instruments registered pursuant
to section 69 of the Land Titles Act,
(d) right of entry orders as defined in the Surface Rights Act
registered under the Land Titles Act,
(e) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 38 of the Rural
Utilities Act,

250

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(f) a notice of lien filed pursuant to section 20 of the Rural
Electrification Loan Act, and
(g) liens registered pursuant to section 21 of the Rural
Electrification Long-term Financing Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s428.2;2007 cU-1.5 s73

Prohibited bidding and buying

429(1) When a municipality holds a public auction or another sale
under section 425, the auctioneer, the councillors, the chief
administrative officer and the designated officers and employees of
the municipality must not bid for or buy, or act as an agent in
buying, any parcel of land offered for sale, unless subsection (2)
applies.
(2) A municipality may direct a designated officer or employee of
the municipality to bid for or buy a parcel of land that the
municipality wishes to become the owner of.
1994 cM-26.1 s429

Right to place tax arrears on new parcels of land

429.1 When there are tax arrears in respect of a parcel of land
that is to be subdivided, the municipality may distribute the tax
arrears and any taxes that may be imposed in respect of the parcel
among the parcels of land that are created by the subdivision in a
manner the municipality considers appropriate.
1995 c24 s69

Minerals

430 If, as a result of proceedings under this Act or any other Act
providing for the forfeiture of land or minerals, or both, for arrears
of taxes, minerals are vested in the Minister or in a municipality
that later passed or passes to the control of the Minister, the
minerals are the property of the Crown and no person has any
claim to or interest in them, despite anything in this Act or the Act
under which the minerals were forfeited.
1994 cM-26.1 s430

Acquisition of minerals

431(1) In respect of any parcel of land or minerals
(a) acquired by a municipality before or after March 5, 1948,
pursuant to a tax recovery notification or caveat endorsed
on the certificate of title by the Registrar, and
(b) subsequently registered in the name of the municipality,
the municipality is deemed to have taken or to take title only to
those minerals that the municipality was authorized and
empowered to assess at the time of the issuance of the certificate of
title in the name of the municipality, and any corrections to the
251

Section 432

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

records of any Land Titles Office made before March 5, 1948 to
effect this purpose are hereby confirmed and validated.
(2) A municipality must not transfer, lease, mortgage or otherwise
dispose of or deal in any minerals or any interest in minerals
without first obtaining the written consent of the Minister, and any
disposition or dealing made without the consent of the Minister has
no effect.
(3) Any certificate of title issued in the name of a municipality
before or after March 5, 1948 to or including any minerals, other
than minerals that the municipality was authorized and empowered
to assess at the time of the acquisition, may be corrected under the
Land Titles Act to limit the certificate of title to the minerals the
municipality was authorized and empowered to acquire, and all
other necessary corrections may be made under the Land Titles Act
on other certificates of title.
(4) This section does not affect an interest in minerals acquired by
any person from a municipality before March 5, 1948.
1994 cM-26.1 s431

Right of way

432 After the date on which a municipality becomes the owner of
a parcel of land under section 424, if an application is made to a
municipality
(a) for a right of entry by an operator entitled to apply for a
right of entry order under the Surface Rights Act, or
(b) for a right of way for a railway, pipeline, transmission
line, pole line, conduit, irrigation or drainage ditch or
other similar purpose, by an applicant entitled to
expropriate for that purpose under any Act,
the municipality may grant the right of entry or right of way.
1994 cM-26.1 s432

When parcel becomes part of another municipality

433(1) If proceedings affecting a parcel of land have been started
under this Division and the parcel of land later becomes part of
another municipality, the proceedings must be continued by that
municipality as if the parcel had always been included in it, and
that municipality must pay to the municipality that started the
proceedings, to the extent that municipality receives sufficient
money to do so, the costs incurred by the original municipality in
connection with the parcel.
(2) When a parcel of land becomes part of another municipality,
the Registrar must, on receipt of an order of the Minister, issue a

252

Section 434

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

new certificate of title showing the parcel to be registered in the
name of that municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s433

Non-liability for condition of land

434 If the Minister becomes the owner of a parcel of land
pursuant to this Division, the Minister is not liable in respect of the
state and condition of the parcel or any improvements to it.
1994 cM-26.1 s434

Action for condition of land prohibited

434.1(1) No action for damages may be commenced against a
municipality with respect to the state and condition of a parcel of
land, or any improvements to it, shown on the tax arrears list of the
municipality unless
(a) after the date on which the municipality is entitled to
possession of the parcel under section 420, or
(b) after the date on which the municipality becomes the
owner of the parcel under section 424,
the municipality releases on that parcel a new or additional
substance into the environment that may cause, is causing or has
caused an adverse effect or the municipality aggravates the adverse
effect of the release of a substance into the environment on that
parcel.
(2) Subsection (1) does not relieve a municipality of liability
respecting a parcel of land, or any improvement to it, that was
owned by the municipality before the parcel was placed on the
municipality’s tax arrears list.
1996 c30 s40

Continuation of proceedings

435(1) With respect to Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat, all
proceedings taken or that were required to be taken under any
predecessor of this Act, as modified or varied by any special
provisions of the charters of the respective cities, must be
continued or taken, as the case may be, under this Division
wherever possible.
(2) The Minister may make regulations or orders for the purpose
of overcoming any procedural or other difficulty occasioned by the
differences between this Division and the charters of Edmonton,
Calgary and Medicine Hat.
1994 cM-26.1 s435

253

Section 436

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Deemed compliance with Act

436 Any municipality that acquired land under a predecessor of
this Act is deemed to have complied with the requirements of that
Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s436

Division 8.1
Recovery of Taxes Related to
Designated Manufactured Homes
Definitions

436.01 In this Division,
(a) “financing change statement” means a financing change
statement as defined in the Personal Property Security
Act;
(b) “financing statement” means a financing statement as
defined in the Personal Property Security Act;
(c) “register”, except where the context otherwise requires,
means to register by means of a financing statement in the
Registry in accordance with the Personal Property
Security Act and the regulations made under that Act;
(d) “Registry” means the Personal Property Registry;
(e) “reserve bid” means the minimum price at which a
municipality is willing to sell a designated manufactured
home at a public auction;
(f) “security interest” means a security interest as defined in
the Personal Property Security Act;
(g) “tax” means a property tax or a community revitalization
levy imposed in respect of property referred to in section
304(1)(j)(i) or (k);
(h) “tax arrears list” means a tax arrears list prepared by a
municipality under section 436.03(1)(a);
(i) “tax recovery lien” means a charge to secure the amount
of taxes owing to a municipality in respect of a designated
manufactured home.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s436.01;2005 c14 s17

Methods of recovering taxes in arrears

436.02(1) A municipality may attempt to recover tax arrears in
respect of a designated manufactured home
(a) in accordance with this Division, or
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) subject to subsection (2), in accordance with Division 9 or
with any other Act or common law right.
(2) A municipality may start an action under subsection (1)(b) at
any time before
(a)

the designated manufactured home is sold at a public
auction under section 436.09, or

(b) the designated manufactured home is disposed of in
accordance with section 436.15(a),
whichever occurs first.
1998 c24 s40

Tax arrears list

436.03(1) A municipality must annually, not later than March 31,
(a) prepare a tax arrears list that shows the designated
manufactured homes in the municipality in respect of
which there are tax arrears for more than one year, and
that may also show the designated manufactured homes in
the municipality in respect of which there are tax arrears
for less than one year,
(b) register a tax recovery lien against each designated
manufactured home shown on the tax arrears list, and
(c) post a copy of the tax arrears list in a place that is
accessible to the public during regular business hours.
(2) A municipality must not register a tax recovery lien against a
designated manufactured home in respect of which there exists a
tax recovery lien registered from previous years unless that lien has
first been discharged.
(3) If a subsequent tax recovery lien is registered in error, it is
deemed to be of no effect.
(4) The municipality must give written notice to the owner of each
designated manufactured home shown on the tax arrears list that a
tax recovery lien has been registered against the designated
manufactured home.
(5) The municipality must give written notice to the owner of each
manufactured home community containing one or more designated
manufactured homes shown on the tax arrears list that a tax
recovery lien has been registered against the designated
manufactured home or homes.
1998 c24 s40

255

Section 436.04

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Costs of recovery

436.04(1) A municipality is responsible for the payment of the
costs it incurs in carrying out the measures referred to in section
436.03, but it may add the costs to the tax roll in respect of the
designated manufactured home shown on the tax arrears list.
(2) No person shall register a financing change statement to
discharge the registration of a tax recovery lien against a
designated manufactured home without the authorization of the
municipality in whose favour the lien is registered.
(3) If a tax recovery lien is discharged in error, the municipality
may, within 30 days after the discharge and without any
administration fee charged by the Government of Alberta,
re-register the tax recovery lien, which has the same effect as if the
original tax recovery lien had not been discharged.
1998 c24 s40

Removal of designated manufactured home or improvements

436.05 When a tax recovery lien has been registered against a
designated manufactured home, no person shall remove from the
site the designated manufactured home or any other improvements
located on the site for which the owner of the designated
manufactured home is also liable to pay the taxes, unless the
municipality that registered the lien consents.
1998 c24 s40

Right to pay tax arrears

436.06(1) When a tax recovery lien has been registered against a
designated manufactured home, any person may pay the tax arrears
in respect of that designated manufactured home.
(2) On payment of the tax arrears under subsection (1), the
municipality must register a financing change statement to
discharge the registration of the tax recovery lien.
(3) A person may exercise the right under subsection (1) at any
time before
(a)

the designated manufactured home is sold at a public
auction under section 436.09, or

(b) the designated manufactured home is disposed of in
accordance with section 436.15(a).
1998 c24 s40

Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears

436.07(1) When a tax recovery lien has been registered against a
designated manufactured home, the municipality may send a
written notice to any person who rents or leases the designated
manufactured home from the owner of the designated
256

Section 436.08

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

manufactured home, requiring that person to pay the rent or lease
payments, as the case may be, to the municipality until the tax
arrears have been paid.
(2) Not less than 14 days before a municipality sends a notice
under subsection (1), it must send a notice to the owner of the
designated manufactured home advising the owner of the
municipality’s intention to proceed under subsection (1).
(3) The municipality must send a copy of the notice under
subsection (2) to the owner of the manufactured home community
where the designated manufactured home is located.
(4) This section does not prevent the municipality from exercising
any other right it has to collect the tax arrears.
1998 c24 s40

Warning of sale

436.08(1) Not later than August 1 following preparation of the tax
arrears list, the municipality must, in respect of each designated
manufactured home shown on the tax arrears list, send a written
notice to
(a) the owner of the designated manufactured home,
(b) the owner of the manufactured home community where
the designated manufactured home is located, and
(c) each person who has a security interest in or a lien, writ,
charge or other encumbrance against the designated
manufactured home as disclosed by a search of the
Registry using the serial number of the designated
manufactured home.
(2) The notice must state that if the tax arrears in respect of the
designated manufactured home are not paid before March 31 in the
next year, the municipality will offer the designated manufactured
home for sale at a public auction.
(3) The notice under subsection (1) must be sent to the address
shown on the records of the Registry for each person referred to in
subsection (1)(c).
1998 c24 s40;1999 c11 s25

Offer of designated manufactured home for sale

436.09(1) Each municipality must offer for sale at a public
auction any designated manufactured home shown on its tax arrears
list if the tax arrears are not paid.
(2) Unless subsection (4) applies, the public auction must be held
in the period beginning on the date referred to in section 436.08(2)
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

and ending on March 31 of the year immediately following that
date.
(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to a designated manufactured
home in respect of which the municipality has started an action
under section 436.02(2) to recover the tax arrears before the date of
the public auction.
(4) The municipality may enter into an agreement with the owner
of a designated manufactured home shown on its tax arrears list
providing for the payment of the tax arrears over a period not
exceeding 3 years, and in that event the designated manufactured
home need not be offered for sale under subsection (1) until
(a) the agreement has expired, or
(b) the owner of the designated manufactured home breaches
the agreement,
whichever occurs first.
1998 c24 s40

Reserve bid and conditions for sale

436.1 The council must set for each designated manufactured
home to be offered for sale at a public auction,
(a) a reserve bid that is as close as reasonably possible to the
market value of the designated manufactured home, and
(b) any conditions that apply to the sale.
1998 c24 s40

Right to possession

436.11(1) From the date on which a designated manufactured
home is offered for sale at a public auction, the municipality is
entitled to possession of the designated manufactured home.
(2) For the purpose of obtaining possession of a designated
manufactured home, a designated officer may enter the designated
manufactured home and take possession of it for and in the name of
the municipality, and if in so doing the designated officer
encounters resistance, the municipality may apply to the Court of
Queen’s Bench for an order for possession of the designated
manufactured home.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s436.11;2009 c53 s119

Advertisement of public auction

436.12(1) The municipality must advertise the public auction in at
least one issue of a newspaper having general circulation in the
municipality, not less than 10 days and not more than 30 days
before the date on which the public auction is to be held.
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Section 436.13

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) The advertisement must specify the date, time and location of
the public auction, the conditions of sale and a description of each
designated manufactured home to be offered for sale.
(3) Not less than 4 weeks before the date of the public auction, the
municipality must send a copy of the advertisement referred to in
subsection (1) to each person referred to in section 436.08(1).
1998 c24 s40

Adjournment of auction

436.13(1) The municipality may adjourn the holding of a public
auction to any date within 2 months after the advertised date.
(2) If a public auction is adjourned, the municipality must
(a) post a notice in a place that is accessible to the public
during regular business hours, showing the new date on
which the public auction is to be held, and
(b) send a copy of the notice to each person referred to in
section 436.08(1).
(3) If a public auction is cancelled as a result of the payment of the
tax arrears, the municipality must
(a) post a notice in a place that is accessible to the public
during regular business hours stating that the auction is
cancelled, and
(b) send a copy of the notice to each person referred to in
section 436.08(1).
1998 c24 s40

Unencumbered ownership

436.14(1) A person who purchases a designated manufactured
home at a public auction or pursuant to section 436.15(a) acquires
the designated manufactured home free of all security interests,
liens, writs, charges and other encumbrances, except encumbrances
arising from claims of the Crown in right of Canada, and all
obligations secured by the security interests, liens, writs, charges
and other encumbrances are, as regards the purchaser, deemed
performed.
(2) When a person purchases a designated manufactured home at a
public auction or pursuant to section 436.15(a), the municipality
must, in respect of any security interest in or lien, writ, charge or
other encumbrance against the designated manufactured home that
exists on the date of sale as disclosed by a search of the Registry
using the serial number of the designated manufactured home,
register a financing change statement

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Section 436.15

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) to amend the collateral description in the registration to
exclude the designated manufactured home, or
(b) if the designated manufactured home is the only collateral
described in the registration, to discharge the registration.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to a registration for which the
purchaser is named as a debtor in a registered financing statement.
(4) Subsection (2) operates despite section 68 of the Personal
Property Security Act.
(5) A designated manufactured home is sold at a public auction
when the person who is acting as the auctioneer declares the
designated manufactured home sold.
1998 c24 s40

Right to sell or dispose of designated manufactured home

436.15 If a designated manufactured home is not sold at a public
auction under section 436.09, the municipality may
(a) dispose of it
(i) by selling it at a price that is as close as reasonably
possible to the market value of the designated
manufactured home, or
(ii) by depositing in the account referred to in section
436.17(1)(a) an amount of money equal to the price
at which the municipality would be willing to sell the
designated manufactured home under subclause (i),
or
(b) grant a lease in respect of it.
1998 c24 s40

Payment of tax arrears

436.16(1) If the tax arrears in respect of a designated
manufactured home are paid before the municipality disposes of it
under section 436.15(a) or while the designated manufactured
home is being leased under section 436.15(b), the municipality
must return the designated manufactured home to its owner.
(2) Before returning the designated manufactured home to its
owner under subsection (1), the municipality must send a written
notice
(a) to each person referred to in section 436.08(1), and
(b) if the municipality has leased the designated manufactured
home under section 436.15(b), to the person leasing it.
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Section 436.17

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The notice must state that
(a) the designated manufactured home will be returned to the
owner after 30 days from the date of the notice, and
(b) despite any provision to the contrary in a lease agreement
in respect of the designated manufactured home, the lease
expires 30 days after the date of the notice.
(4) Subsection (3) applies despite anything contained in the
Residential Tenancies Act.
1998 c24 s40

Separate account for sale proceeds

436.17(1) The money paid for a designated manufactured home at
a public auction or pursuant to section 436.15(a)
(a) must be deposited by the municipality in an account that
is established solely for the purpose of depositing money
from the sale or disposition of designated manufactured
homes under this Division, and
(b) must be paid out in accordance with this section and
section 436.18.
(2) Money paid to a municipality as rent under a lease granted
under section 436.15(b) must be placed in the account referred to in
subsection (1) and distributed in accordance with this section and
section 436.18.
(3) The following must be paid first and in the following order:
(a) the tax arrears in respect of the designated manufactured
home;
(b) any lawful expenses of the municipality in respect of the
designated manufactured home;
(c) an administration fee of 5% of the amount deposited in
respect of the designated manufactured home pursuant to
subsection (1), payable to the municipality.
(4) If there is any money remaining after payment of the tax
arrears and costs listed in subsection (3), the municipality must
notify the previous owner of the designated manufactured home
that there is money remaining.
(5) If the municipality is satisfied after a search of the Registry
using the serial number of the designated manufactured home that
there are no security interests in or liens, writs, charges or other
encumbrances against the designated manufactured home, the
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Chapter M-26

municipality may pay the money remaining after the payments
under subsection (3) to the previous owner of the designated
manufactured home.
(6) If the municipality is not satisfied after a search of the Registry
using the serial number of the designated manufactured home that
there are no security interests in or liens, writs, charges or other
encumbrances against the designated manufactured home, the
municipality must notify the previous owner that an application
may be made under section 436.18 to recover all or part of the
money.
1998 c24 s40

Distribution of surplus sale proceeds

436.18(1) A person may apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for
an order declaring that the person is entitled to a part of the money
in the account referred to in section 436.17(1).
(2) An application under this section must be made within 5 years
after
(a) the date of the public auction, if the designated
manufactured home was sold at a public auction, or
(b) the date of a sale under section 436.15(a), if the
designated manufactured home was sold under that
section.
(3) The Court must decide if notice must be given to any person
other than the applicant and in that event the hearing must be
adjourned to allow notice to be given.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s436.18;2009 c53 s119

Payment of undistributed money to municipality

436.19 If no application is made under section 436.18 within the
5-year period referred to in section 436.18, the municipality may,
for any purpose, use the money deposited in accordance with
section 436.17 that remains undistributed.
1998 c24 s40

Transfer to municipality after 10 years

436.2(1) Despite anything in this Division, where a designated
manufactured home has been offered for sale but not sold at a
public auction and the municipality has not disposed of it under
section 436.15(a) within 10 years following the date of the public
auction,
(a) sections 436.16, 436.17 and 436.18 cease to apply with
respect to that designated manufactured home, and

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) the municipality becomes the owner of the designated
manufactured home free of all security interests, liens,
writs, charges and other encumbrances, except
encumbrances arising from claims of the Crown in right
of Canada, and all obligations secured by the security
interests, liens, writs, charges or encumbrances are, as
regards the municipality, deemed performed.
(2) When the municipality becomes the owner of a designated
manufactured home under subsection (1), the municipality may, in
respect of any security interest in or lien, writ, charge or other
encumbrance against the designated manufactured home as
disclosed by a search of the Registry using the serial number of the
designated manufactured home, register a financing change
statement
(a) to amend the collateral description in the registration to
exclude the designated manufactured home, or
(b) if the designated manufactured home is the only collateral
described in the registration, to discharge the registration.
(3) Subsection (2) operates despite section 68 of the Personal
Property Security Act.
1998 c24 s40

Prohibited bidding and buying

436.21(1) When a municipality holds a public auction under
section 436.09 or a sale under section 436.15(a), the auctioneer, the
councillors, the chief administrative officer and the designated
officers and employees of the municipality must not bid for or buy,
or act as an agent in buying, any designated manufactured home
offered for sale, unless subsection (2) applies.
(2) A municipality may direct a designated officer or employee of
the municipality to bid for or buy a designated manufactured home
of which the municipality wishes to become the owner.
1998 c24 s40

Manufactured home moved to another municipality

436.22 If, after tax recovery proceedings affecting a designated
manufactured home are started under this Division, the designated
manufactured home is moved to another municipality or its site
becomes part of another municipality,
(a) the proceedings must be continued by that other
municipality as if the designated manufactured home had
always been included in it, and
(b) the other municipality must pay to the municipality that
commenced the proceedings, to the extent that the other
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

municipality receives sufficient money to do so, the costs
incurred by the original municipality in connection with
the tax recovery proceedings.
1998 c24 s40

Regulations

436.23 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the rights and obligations of a municipality in
relation to its possession of a designated manufactured
home under this Division;
(b) respecting any other matter related to the recovery of
taxes under this Division that the Minister considers
necessary to carry out the intent of this Division.
1998 c24 s40

Reporting requirements

436.24(1) Unless a municipality passes a bylaw to the contrary,
the owner of a manufactured home community must provide
monthly reports to the chief administrative officer or a designated
officer of the municipality regarding
(a) the ownership of all designated manufactured homes in
the manufactured home community, including the serial
numbers of the designated manufactured homes, and
(b) the movement of all designated manufactured homes in
and out of the manufactured home community.
(2) Despite subsection (1), a municipality may pass a bylaw
requiring the owner of the manufactured home community to
provide the reports required under subsection (1) to the
municipality on the dates specified by the municipality, but not
more than once a month.
1998 c24 s40

Division 9
Recovery of Taxes Not Related to Land
Definitions

437 In this Division,
(a) “distress warrant” means a written instruction to seize
goods of the person named in the warrant;
(b) “period for payment” means
(i) if the person liable to pay the tax is a resident of the
municipality, the 14 days following the sending of
the tax notice by the municipality, or
264

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(ii) if the person liable to pay the tax is not a resident of
the municipality, the 30 days following the sending
of the tax notice by the municipality;
(c) “tax” means
(i) a business tax,
(ii) a well drilling equipment tax,
(ii.1) a community aggregate payment levy, or
(iii) a property tax or community revitalization levy
imposed in respect of property referred to in section
304(1)(c), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j)(i) or (k);
(d) “tax arrears” means taxes that remain unpaid after the
expiry of the period for payment.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s437;2005 c14 s18

Methods of recovering taxes in arrears

438(1) A municipality may attempt to recover tax arrears
(a) in accordance with this Division, and
(b) subject to subsection (2), in accordance with any other
Act or common law right.
(2) A municipality may start an action under subsection (1)(b) at
any time before the goods are sold at a public auction or the
municipality becomes the owner of the goods under section 448,
whichever occurs first.
1994 cM-26.1 s438

Right to issue distress warrant

439(1) A municipality wishing to recover tax arrears pursuant to
this Division may issue a distress warrant.
(2) Each municipality may, in writing, authorize a designated
officer or appoint a person to the position of designated officer to
prepare and issue distress warrants and seize goods pursuant to
distress warrants on behalf of the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s439

Seizure of goods

440(1) When a distress warrant has been issued, a civil
enforcement agency or a person referred to in section 439(2) must
place sufficient goods under seizure to satisfy the amount of the
claim shown in the warrant.

265

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Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(2) The person placing goods under seizure may ask the person
who owns or has possession of the seized goods to sign a bailee’s
undertaking agreeing to hold the seized goods for the municipality.
(3) If a person refuses to sign a bailee’s undertaking, the person
placing goods under seizure may remove the goods from the
premises.
(4) When a bailee’s undertaking has been signed under subsection
(2), the goods specified in it are deemed to have been seized.
(5) A seizure under this section continues until the municipality
(a) abandons the seizure by written notice, or
(b) sells the goods.
(6) The municipality is not liable for wrongful or illegal seizure or
for loss of or damage to goods held under a seizure under this
section if a bailee’s undertaking relating to the seized goods has
been signed pursuant to subsection (2).
1994 cM-26.1 s440;1994 cC-10.5 s146;1997 c19 s3

Goods affected by distress warrant

441(1) A person may seize the following goods pursuant to a
distress warrant:
(a) goods belonging to the person who is liable to pay the tax
arrears or in which that person has an interest;
(b) goods of a business that is liable to pay business tax
arrears, even if the goods have been sold to a purchaser of
the business;
(c) goods of a corporation that are in the hands of
(i) a receiver appointed for the benefit of creditors,
(ii) an authorized trustee in bankruptcy, or
(iii) a liquidator appointed under a winding-up order.
(2) If a person who is liable to pay tax arrears is in possession of
goods belonging to others for the purpose of storing the goods,
those goods must not be seized pursuant to the distress warrant.
1994 cM-26.1 s441

Date for issuing distress warrant

442(1) A distress warrant must not be issued until the period for
payment expires, unless subsection (2) applies.

266

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) If, before the period for payment expires, a municipality has
reason to believe that a person is about to move out of the
municipality goods that are to be seized under a distress warrant,
the municipality may apply to a justice of the peace for an order
authorizing the municipality to issue the distress warrant before the
period for payment expires.
1994 cM-26.1 s442

Right to pay tax arrears

443(1) After goods have been seized under a distress warrant, any
person may pay the tax arrears.
(2) On payment of the tax arrears under subsection (1), the
municipality must release the goods from seizure.
(3) A person may exercise the right under subsection (1) at any
time before the municipality sells the goods at a public auction or
becomes the owner of the goods under section 448.
1994 cM-26.1 s443

Right to collect rent to pay tax arrears

444(1) If a distress warrant has been issued to recover tax arrears
in respect of a business and the person who is liable to pay the
business tax arrears owns property that is leased to one or more
tenants, the municipality may send a notice to each tenant requiring
the tenant to pay the rent as it becomes due to the municipality until
the business tax arrears have been paid.
(2) Not less than 14 days before a municipality sends a notice
under subsection (1), it must send a notice to the owner of the
property advising the owner of the municipality’s intention to
proceed under subsection (1).
(3) This section does not prevent the municipality from exercising
any other right it has to collect the tax arrears.
1994 cM-26.1 s444

Sale of property

445(1) The municipality must offer for sale at a public auction
goods that have been seized under a distress warrant if the tax
arrears are not paid, unless the municipality starts an action under
section 438(2) to recover the tax arrears before the date of the
public auction.
(2) The municipality must advertise a public auction by posting a
notice in at least 3 public places in the municipality near the goods
to be sold not less than 10 days before the date of the auction.
(3) The advertisement must specify the date, time and location of
the public auction, the conditions of sale, a description of the goods
to be sold and the name of the person whose goods are to be sold.
267

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) The advertisement must state that the municipality will become
the owner of any goods not sold at the public auction, immediately
after the public auction.
1994 cM-26.1 s445

Date of public auction

446(1) The public auction must be held not more than 60 days
after the goods are seized under the distress warrant.
(2) The municipality may adjourn the holding of a public auction
but must post a notice in accordance with section 445(2) showing
the new date on which the public auction is to be held.
1994 cM-26.1 s446

Exception to sale at auction

447 Despite section 445(1), a municipality may have grain seized
under a distress warrant hauled to the nearest elevator or other
convenient place of storage and may dispose of the grain at the
current market price.
1994 cM-26.1 s447

Transfer to municipality

448 The municipality becomes the owner of any goods offered
for sale but not sold at a public auction, immediately after the
public auction and may dispose of the goods by selling them.
1994 cM-26.1 s448

Separate account for sale proceeds

449(1) The money paid for goods at a public auction or pursuant
to section 448
(a) must be deposited by the municipality in an account that
is established solely for the purpose of depositing money
from the sale of goods under this Division, and
(b) must be paid out in accordance with this section and
section 450.
(2) The following must be paid first and in the following order:
(a) the tax arrears;
(b) any lawful expenses of the municipality in respect of the
goods.
(3) If there is any money remaining after payment of the tax
arrears and expenses listed in subsection (2), the municipality must
notify the previous owner that there is money remaining and that an
application may be made under section 450 to recover all or part of
the money.
1994 cM-26.1 s449

268

Section 450

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Distribution of surplus sale proceeds

450(1) A person may apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for an
order declaring that the person is entitled to a part of the money in
the account referred to in section 449(1).
(2) An application under this section may be made within 5 years
after the date of the public auction.
(3) The Court must decide if notice must be given to any person
other than the applicant and in that event the hearing must be
adjourned to allow notice to be given.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s450;2009 c53 s119

Seizure of designated manufactured home

451 Part 10 of the Civil Enforcement Act does not apply to a
designated manufactured home in a manufactured home
community that has been seized under a distress warrant.
1994 cM-26.1 s451;1994 cC-10.5 s146;1998 c24 s41

Regulations

452 The Minister may make regulations respecting any other
matter related to the recovery of taxes under this Division that is
considered necessary to carry out the intent of this Division.
1994 cM-26.1 s452

Part 11
Assessment Review Boards
Division 1
Establishment and Function of
Assessment Review Boards
Interpretation

453(1) In this Part,
(a) “assessment notice” includes an amended assessment
notice and a supplementary assessment notice;
(b) “assessment roll” includes a supplementary assessment
roll;
(c) “chair” means the member of an assessment review board
designated as chair under section 454.1(2), 454.2(2) or
455(2);
(d) “clerk”, in respect of a local assessment review board or
composite assessment review board having jurisdiction in
one or more municipalities, means the designated officer
appointed as clerk under section 456;

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(e) “composite assessment review board” means a composite
assessment review board established by a council under
section 454(b) or jointly established by 2 or more councils
under section 455;
(f) “local assessment review board” means a local assessment
review board established by a council under section
454(a) or jointly established by 2 or more councils under
section 455;
(g) “provincial member” means a person appointed by the
Minister under section 454.21(2);
(h) “tax notice” includes a supplementary tax notice;
(i) “tax roll” includes a supplementary tax roll.
(2) In this Part, a reference to an assessment review board
(a) means a local assessment review board or a composite
assessment review board, as the case requires, and
(b) includes a panel of the board convened under section
454.11 or 454.21.
2016 c24 s62

Assessment review boards to be established

454 A council must by bylaw establish
(a) a local assessment review board to hear complaints
referred to in section 460.1(1), and
(b) a composite assessment review board to hear complaints
referred to in section 460.1(2).
2016 c24 s62

Appointment of members to local
assessment review board

454.1(1) A council must
(a) appoint at least 3 persons as members of the local
assessment review board,
(b) prescribe the term of office of each member appointed
under clause (a), and
(c) prescribe the remuneration and expenses, if any, payable
to each member appointed under clause (a).
(2) The council must designate one of the members appointed
under subsection (1) as the chair of the local assessment review
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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

board and must prescribe the chair’s term of office and the
remuneration and expenses, if any, payable to the chair.
(3) The chair may delegate to any other member appointed under
subsection (1) any of the powers, duties or functions of the chair.
2016 c24 s62

Panels of local assessment review board

454.11(1) Where a hearing is to be held in respect of a complaint
referred to in section 460.1(1), the chair of the local assessment
review board must convene a panel of 3 of its members to hear the
complaint.
(2) Despite subsection (1) but subject to subsection (2.1)(b) and
any conditions prescribed by the regulations under section
484.1(c), a panel of a local assessment review board may consist of
only one member appointed by the chair.
(3) Unless an order of the Minister authorizes otherwise, the chair
must not appoint
(a) more than one councillor to a 3-member panel, or
(b) a councillor as the only member of a one-member panel.
(4) Where a panel consists of 3 members, the panel members must
choose a presiding officer from among themselves.
(5) Where a panel has only one member, that member is the
presiding officer.
2016 c24 s62

Appointment of members to composite
assessment review board

454.2(1) A council must
(a) appoint at least 2 persons as members of the composite
assessment review board,
(b) prescribe the term of office of each member appointed
under clause (a), and
(c) prescribe the remuneration and expenses, if any, payable
to each member appointed under clause (a).
(2) The council must designate one of the members appointed
under subsection (1) as the chair of the composite assessment
review board and must prescribe the chair’s term of office and the
remuneration and expenses, if any, payable to the chair.

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Section 454.21

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The chair may delegate to another member appointed under
subsection (1) any of the powers, duties or functions of the chair.
2016 c24 s62

Panels of composite assessment review board

454.21(1) Where a hearing is to be held in respect of a complaint
referred to in section 460.1(2), the chair of the composite
assessment review board must convene a panel to hear the
complaint.
(2) The panel must consist of 2 members of the composite
assessment review board appointed by the chair and one provincial
member appointed by the Minister in accordance with the
regulations.
(3) Unless an order of the Minister authorizes otherwise, the chair
must not appoint more than one councillor to a panel.
(4) Despite subsection (2) but subject to any conditions prescribed
by the regulations under section 484.1(d), a panel of a composite
assessment review board may consist of only the provincial
member.
(5) The provincial member is the presiding officer of every panel
of a composite assessment review board.
2016 c24 s62

Qualifications of members

454.3 A member of an assessment review board may not
participate in a hearing of the board unless the member is qualified
as provided for in the regulations.
2016 c24 s62

Joint establishment of assessment review boards

455(1) Two or more councils may agree to jointly establish the
local assessment review board or the composite assessment review
board, or both, to have jurisdiction in their municipalities.
(2) Where an assessment review board is jointly established,
(a) the councils must jointly designate one of the board
members as chair and must jointly prescribe the chair’s
term of office and the remuneration and expenses, if any,
payable to the chair, and
(b) the chair may delegate any of the powers, duties or
functions of the chair to another board member but not to
the provincial member of a panel of the board.
2016 c24 s62

272

Section 456

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Clerk

456(1) The council of a municipality must appoint a designated
officer to act as the clerk of the assessment review boards having
jurisdiction in the municipality.
(2) Where an assessment review board is jointly established, the
councils must jointly appoint the clerk.
(3) The clerk must not be an assessor or a designated officer
having authority to grant or cancel tax exemptions or deferrals
under section 364.1.
(4) The council or councils appointing the clerk must prescribe the
clerk’s remuneration and duties.
2016 c24 s62

Replacement of panel members

457 In circumstances provided for by the regulations, the chair of
an assessment review board may replace a member of a panel.
2016 c24 s62

Quorum

458(1) Where a panel of a local assessment review board consists
of 3 members, a quorum is 2 members.
(2) Where a panel of a composite assessment review board
consists of 3 members, a quorum is 2 members, one of whom must
be the provincial member.
2016 c24 s62

Decision

459 A decision of a panel of an assessment review board is the
decision of the assessment review board.
2016 c24 s62

Complaints

460(1) A person wishing to make a complaint about any
assessment or tax must do so in accordance with this section.
(2) A complaint must be in the form prescribed in the regulations
and must be accompanied with the fee set by the council under
section 481(1), if any.
(3) A complaint may be made only by an assessed person or a
taxpayer.
(4) A complaint may relate to any assessed property or business.
(5) A complaint may be about any of the following matters, as
shown on an assessment or tax notice:

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Section 460

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) the description of a property or business;
(b) the name and mailing address of an assessed person or
taxpayer;
(c) an assessment;
(d) an assessment class;
(e) an assessment sub-class;
(f) the type of property;
(g) the type of improvement;
(h) school support;
(i) whether the property is assessable;
(j) whether the property or business is exempt from taxation
under Part 10;
(k) any extent to which the property is exempt from taxation
under a bylaw under section 364.1;
(l) whether the collection of tax on the property is deferred
under a bylaw under section 364.1.
(6) A complaint may be made about a designated officer’s refusal
to grant an exemption or deferral under a bylaw under section
364.1.
(7) Despite subsection (5)(j), there is no right to make a complaint
about an exemption or deferral given by agreement under section
364.1(11) unless the agreement expressly provides for that right.
(8) There is no right to make a complaint about any tax rate.
(9) A complaint under subsection (5) must
(a) indicate what information shown on an assessment notice
or tax notice is incorrect,
(b) explain in what respect that information is incorrect,
(c) indicate what the correct information is, and
(d) identify the requested assessed value, if the complaint
relates to an assessment.
(10) A complaint about a local improvement tax must be made
within one year after it is first imposed.
274

Section 460.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(11) Despite subsection (10), where a local improvement tax rate
has been revised under section 403(3), a complaint may be made
about the revised local improvement tax whether or not a complaint
was made about the tax within the year after it was first imposed.
(12) A complaint under subsection (11) must be made within one
year after the local improvement tax rate is revised.
(13) A complaint must include the mailing address of the
complainant except where, in the case of a complaint under
subsection (5), the correct mailing address of the complainant is
shown on the assessment notice or tax notice.
(14) An assessment review board has no jurisdiction to deal with a
complaint about designated industrial property or an amount
prepared by the Minister under Part 9 as the equalized assessment
for a municipality.
2016 c24 s62

Jurisdiction of assessment review boards

460.1(1) A local assessment review board has jurisdiction to hear
complaints about any matter referred to in section 460(5) that is
shown on
(a) an assessment notice for
(i) residential property with 3 or fewer dwelling units, or
(ii) farm land,
or
(b) a tax notice other than a property tax notice, business tax
notice or improvement tax notice.
(2) Subject to section 460(14), a composite assessment review
board has jurisdiction to hear complaints about
(a) any matter referred to in section 460(5) that is shown on
(i) an assessment notice for property other than property
described in subsection (1)(a), or
(ii) a business tax notice or an improvement tax notice,
or
(b) a designated officer’s decision to refuse to grant an
exemption or deferral under section 364.1.

275

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) In this section, a reference to “improvement tax” includes a
business improvement area tax in Part 10, Division 4 and a local
improvement tax in Part 10, Division 7.
2016 c24 s62;2017 c22 s37

Address to which a complaint is sent

461(1) A complaint must be filed with the assessment review
board at the address shown on the assessment or tax notice for the
property
(a) in the case of a complaint about a designated officer’s
decision to refuse to grant an exemption or deferral under
section 364.1, not later than the date stated on the written
notice of refusal under section 364.1(9), or
(b) in any other case, not later than the complaint deadline.
(1.1) A complaint filed after the complaint deadline is invalid.
(2) The applicable filing fee must be paid when a complaint is
filed.
(3) On receiving a complaint, the clerk must set a date, time and
location for a hearing before an assessment review board in
accordance with the regulations.
2016 c24 s62;2017 c13 s2(13)

Notice of assessment review board hearing

462(1) If a complaint is to be heard by a local assessment review
board, the clerk must
(a) within 30 days after receiving the complaint, provide the
municipality with a copy of the complaint, and
(b) within the time prescribed by the regulations, notify the
municipality, the complainant and any assessed person
other than the complainant who is directly affected by the
complaint of the date, time and location of the hearing.
(2) If a complaint is to be heard by a composite assessment review
board, the clerk must
(a) within 30 days after receiving the complaint, provide the
municipality with a copy of the complaint, and
(b) within the time prescribed by the regulations, notify the
Minister, the municipality, the complainant and any
assessed person other than the complainant who is directly
affected by the complaint of the date, time and location of
the hearing.
2016 c24 s62

276

Section 463

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Absence from hearing

463 If any person who is given notice of the hearing does not
attend, the assessment review board must proceed to deal with the
complaint if
(a) all persons required to be notified were given notice of the
hearing, and
(b) no request for a postponement or an adjournment was
received by the board or, if a request was received, no
postponement or adjournment was granted by the board.
2016 c24 s62

Proceedings before assessment review board

464(1) Assessment review boards are not bound by the rules of
evidence or any other law applicable to court proceedings and have
power to determine the admissibility, relevance and weight of any
evidence.
(2) Assessment review boards may require any person giving
evidence before them to do so under oath.
(3) Members of assessment review boards, including provincial
members of panels of composite assessment review boards, are
commissioners for oaths while acting in their official capacities.
2016 c24 s62

Hearings open to public

464.1(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), all hearings by an
assessment review board are open to the public.
(2) If an assessment review board considers it necessary to prevent
the disclosure of intimate personal, financial or commercial matters
or other matters because, in the circumstances, the need to protect
the confidentiality of those matters outweighs the desirability of an
open hearing, the assessment review board may conduct all or part
of the hearing in private.
(3) If all or any part of a hearing is to be held in private, no party
may attend the hearing unless the party files an undertaking stating
that the party will hold in confidence any evidence heard in private.
(4) Subject to subsection (5), all documents filed in respect of a
matter before an assessment review board must be placed on the
public record.
(5) An assessment review board may exclude a document from the
public record
(a) if the assessment review board is of the opinion that
disclosure of the document could reasonably be expected
277

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

to disclose intimate personal, financial or commercial
matters or other matters, and
(b) the assessment review board considers that a person’s
interest in confidentiality outweighs the public interest in
the disclosure of the document.
(6) Nothing in this section limits the operation of any statutory
provision that protects the confidentiality of information or
documents.
2016 c24 s62

Notice to attend or produce

465(1) If, in the opinion of an assessment review board hearing a
complaint,
(a) the attendance of a person, or
(b) the production of a document or thing,
is required for the purpose of the hearing, the board may, on
application, cause a notice to be served on a person requiring a
person to attend or to attend and produce the document or thing.
(2) An application under subsection (1) must be made in
accordance with the regulations made under section 484.1(n.1).
(3) If a person fails or refuses to comply with a notice served
under subsection (1), the assessment review board may apply to the
Court of Queen’s Bench and the Court may issue a warrant
requiring the attendance of the person or the attendance of the
person to produce a document or thing.
2016 c24 s62

Protection of witnesses

466 A witness may be examined under oath on anything relevant
to a matter that is before an assessment review board and is not
excused from answering any question on the ground that the
answer might tend to
(a) incriminate the witness,
(b) subject the witness to punishment under this or any other
Act, or
(c) establish liability of the witness
(i) to a civil proceeding at the instance of the Crown or
of any other person, or
(ii) to prosecution under any Act,
278

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

but if the answer so given tends to incriminate the witness, subject
the witness to punishment or establish liability of the witness, it
must not be used or received against the witness in any civil
proceedings or in any other proceedings under this or any other
Act, except in a prosecution for or proceedings in respect of perjury
or the giving of contradictory evidence.
2016 c24 s62

Division 2
Decisions of Assessment
Review Boards
Decisions of assessment review board

467(1) An assessment review board may, with respect to any
matter referred to in section 460(5), make a change to an
assessment roll or tax roll or decide that no change is required.
(2) An assessment review board must dismiss a complaint that was
not made within the proper time or that does not comply with
section 460(7).
(3) An assessment review board must not alter any assessment that
is fair and equitable, taking into consideration
(a) the valuation and other standards set out in the
regulations,
(b) the procedures set out in the regulations, and
(c) the assessments of similar property or businesses in the
same municipality.
(4) An assessment review board must not alter any assessment of
farm land, machinery and equipment or railway property that has
been prepared correctly in accordance with the regulations.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s467;2009 c29 s24

Appeal to composite assessment review board

467.1 A complaint about a designated officer’s decision to refuse
to grant an exemption or deferral under section 364.1 is an appeal
of the decision and a composite assessment review board may, after
hearing the complaint, confirm the designated officer’s decision or
replace it with the board’s decision.
2016 c24 s63

Assessment review board decisions

468(1) Subject to the regulations, an assessment review board
must, in writing, render a decision and provide reasons, including
any dissenting reasons,
(a) within 30 days from the last day of the hearing, or
279

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) before the end of the taxation year to which the complaint
that is the subject of the hearing applies,
whichever is earlier.
(2) Despite subsection (1), in the case of a complaint about a
supplementary assessment notice, an amended assessment notice or
any tax notice other than a property tax notice, an assessment
review board must render its decision in writing in accordance with
the regulations.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s468;2009 c29 s25

Costs of proceedings

468.1 A composite assessment review board may, or in the
circumstances set out in the regulations must, order that costs of
and incidental to any hearing before it be paid by one or more of
the parties in the amount specified in the regulations.
2009 c29 s26

Effect of order relating to costs

468.2 An order of the composite assessment review board under
section 468.1 may be registered in the Personal Property Registry
and at any land titles office and, on registration, has the same effect
as if it were a registered writ of enforcement issued after judgment
has been entered in an action by the Court of Queen’s Bench.
2009 c29 s26

Notice of decision

469 The clerk must, within 7 days after an assessment review
board renders a decision, send the board’s written decision and
reasons, including any dissenting reasons, to the persons notified of
the hearing under section 462(1)(b) or (2)(b), as the case may be.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s469;2009 c29 s27;2016 c24 s64

Judicial review

470(1) Where a decision of an assessment review board is the
subject of an application for judicial review, the application must
be filed with the Court of Queen’s Bench and served not more than
60 days after the date of the decision.
(2) Notice of an application for judicial review must be given to
(a) the assessment review board that made the decision,
(b) the complainant, other than an applicant for the judicial
review,
(c) an assessed person who is directly affected by the
decision, other than the complainant,

280

Section 471

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) a municipality, if the decision that is the subject of the
judicial review relates to property that is within the
boundaries of that municipality, and
(e) the Minister.
(3) If an applicant for judicial review of an assessment review
board decision makes a written request for materials to the
assessment review board for the purposes of the application, the
assessment review board must provide the materials requested
within 14 days from the date on which the written request is served.
(4) An assessment review board whose decision is the subject of
an application for judicial review must, within 30 days from the
date on which the board is served with the application, forward to
the clerk of the Court of Queen’s Bench the certified record of
proceedings prepared under Part 3 of the Alberta Rules of Court.
(5) Documents excluded from the public record of a hearing by an
assessment review board remain excluded from the public record
on judicial review unless otherwise ordered by the Court of
Queen’s Bench.
(6) No member of an assessment review board, including a
provincial member appointed to a panel of a composite assessment
review board, is liable for costs by reason of or in respect of a
judicial review under this Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s470;2009 c29 s28;
2014 c13 s35;2016 c24 s65

470.1 Repealed 2016 c24 s65.
Technical irregularities

471(1) If there has been substantial compliance with this Part, the
decision of an assessment review board is not invalid because of a
defect in form, a technical irregularity or informality.
(2) An assessment review board may correct any error or omission
in its decision.
1994 cM-26.1 s471;1996 c30 s44

472 to 476 Repealed 1995 c24 s73.

Division 4
General Matters
Referral of unfair assessment to Minister

476.1 An assessment review board may refer any assessment that
it considers unfair and inequitable to the Minister and the Minister
may deal with it under sections 324 and 571.
2009 c29 s29

281

Section 477

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Required changes to rolls

477 The municipality must make any changes to its assessment
roll or tax roll, or both, that are necessary to reflect the decision of
an assessment review board.
1994 cM-26.1 s477;1995 c24 s74

Right to continue proceedings

478 A person who becomes an assessed person or taxpayer in
respect of a property or business when a complaint about the
property or business is being dealt with under this Part may become
a party to any proceedings started by the previous assessed person
or taxpayer.
1994 cM-26.1 s478

Obligation to pay taxes

479 Making a complaint under this Part does not relieve any
person from the obligation to pay any taxes owing on any property
or business or any penalties imposed for late payment of taxes.
1994 cM-26.1 s479

Prohibition

480(1) A member of an assessment review board must not hear or
vote on any decision that relates to a matter in respect of which the
member has a pecuniary interest.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a member of an assessment
review board has a pecuniary interest in a matter to the same extent
that a councillor would have a pecuniary interest in the matter as
determined in accordance with section 170.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s480;2009 c29 s30

Fees

481(1) Subject to the regulations made pursuant to section
484.1(q), the council may set fees payable by persons wishing to
make complaints or to be involved as a party or intervenor in a
hearing before an assessment review board and for obtaining copies
of an assessment review board’s decisions and other documents.
(2) If the assessment review board makes a decision in favour of
the complainant, the fees paid by the complainant under subsection
(1) must be refunded.
(3) If
(a) the assessment review board makes a decision that is not
in favour of the complainant, and
(b) on judicial review, the Court of Queen’s Bench makes a
decision in favour of the complainant,

282

Section 482

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

the fees paid by the complainant under subsection (1) must be
refunded.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s481;2009 c29 s31;2016 c24 s66

Admissible evidence at hearing

482(1) A copy of
(a) an assessment roll or tax roll or part of it, or
(b) an assessment notice or tax notice,
that is certified by a designated officer as being a true copy of the
original roll, part of the roll or notice is proof, in the absence of
evidence to the contrary, of the existence and validity of the roll,
part of the roll or notice and is admissible in evidence without
proof of the appointment or signature of the designated officer.
(2) A statutory declaration signed by a designated officer is
admissible in evidence as proof, in the absence of evidence to the
contrary, that
(a) an assessment notice was sent at least 7 days prior to the
notice of assessment date, or
(b) a tax notice was sent on the date shown on the tax notice.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s482;2017 c13 s1(42)

Decision admissible on judicial review

483 A copy of a decision of an assessment review board that is
certified by the clerk as being a true copy of the original decision is
proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the decision
and is admissible in evidence without proof of the appointment or
signature of the clerk.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s483;2016 c24 s67

Immunity

484 The members of an assessment review board, including a
provincial member appointed to a panel of a composite assessment
review board, are not personally liable for anything done or omitted
to be done in good faith in the exercise or purported exercise of a
power, duty or function under this Part.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s484; 2016 c24 s68

Regulations

484.1 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the eligibility of persons to be provincial
members;
(b) respecting the appointment of provincial members to
panels of composite assessment review boards;
283

Section 484.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) prescribing the conditions under which a chair may
convene a panel of a local assessment review board
consisting of only one member;
(d) prescribing the conditions under which a chair may
convene a panel of a composite assessment review board
consisting of only a provincial member;
(e) respecting the training and qualifications of members of
assessment review boards and clerks;
(f) respecting the setting by the clerk of the date, time and
location of a hearing before an assessment review board;
(g) prescribing the period of time for purposes of section
462(1)(b) and (2)(b);
(h) respecting the procedures and functions of assessment
review boards;
(h.1) respecting the replacement of members of a panel of an
assessment review board;
(i) governing the disclosure of evidence in a hearing before
an assessment review board;
(i.1) governing hearings held in private before an assessment
review board;
(i.2) governing the excluding of documents from the public
record by an assessment review board;
(j) respecting the jurisdiction of assessment review boards;
(k) respecting the authority of assessment review boards to
hear complaints and the manner in which the boards are to
hear complaints;
(l) respecting costs that may or must be imposed by a
composite assessment review board in respect of a
hearing, including, without limitation, regulations
respecting
(i) the circumstances in which costs must be imposed,
and
(ii) the amount of costs;
(m) respecting the rendering of decisions by assessment
review boards;

284

Section 485

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(n) respecting the circumstances under which a person may
act as an agent for an assessed person or taxpayer at a
hearing before an assessment review board;
(n.1) respecting applications referred to in section 465(1);
(o) respecting any other matter relating to assessment review
boards;
(p) respecting applications for judicial review referred to in
section 470;
(q) setting amounts for any fees that a council may set
pursuant to section 481(1).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s484.1;2009 c29 s32;2016 c24 s69

Part 12
Municipal Government Board
Definitions

485 In this Part,
(a) “administrator” means the Deputy Minister;
(b) “Board” means the Municipal Government Board and
includes any panel of the Municipal Government Board.
1994 cM-26.1 s485

Division 1
Establishment and Jurisdiction of the
Municipal Government Board
Appointment of Board members

486(1) There is established a board to be known as the Municipal
Government Board consisting of the persons appointed by the
Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the
Minister.
(2) The members of the Board are to be paid
(a) remuneration at the rates set by the Lieutenant Governor
in Council, and
(b) reasonable travelling and living expenses while carrying
out duties as members of the Board away from home,
in accordance with any applicable regulations under the Alberta
Public Agencies Governance Act.
(3) The administrator is the chair of the Board.
285

Section 487

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) The administrator may delegate to any person any of the
powers, duties or functions of the administrator under this Part.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s486;2009 cA-31.5 s60

Panels of the Board

487(1) The administrator must select any 3 or more members of
the Board to sit as a panel of the Board unless subsection (1.1)
applies.
(1.1) Subject to the conditions prescribed by the regulations, the
administrator may select one member of the Board to sit as a panel
of the Board.
(2) The administrator may establish as many panels as the
administrator considers necessary.
(3) The administrator may appoint a presiding officer for a panel
but if the administrator does not do so, the members of a panel
must choose a presiding officer from among themselves.
1994 cM-26.1 s487;1996 c30 s46;1998 c24 s48

Qualifications of members

487.1 A member of a panel of the Board may not participate in a
hearing related to assessment matters unless the member is
qualified to do so in accordance with the regulations.
2009 c29 s33

Jurisdiction of the Board

488(1) The Board has jurisdiction
(a) to hear complaints about assessments for designated
industrial property,
(b) to hear any complaint relating to the amount set by the
Minister under Part 9 as the equalized assessment for a
municipality,
(c) repealed 2009 c29 s34,
(d) to decide disputes between a management body and a
municipality or between 2 or more management bodies,
referred to it by the Minister under the Alberta Housing
Act,
(e) to inquire into and make recommendations about any
matter referred to it by the Lieutenant Governor in
Council or the Minister,
(e.1) to perform any duties assigned to it by the Minister or the
Lieutenant Governor in Council,

286

Section 488.01

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(f) to deal with annexations in accordance with Part 4,
(g) to decide disputes involving regional services
commissions under section 602.15,
(h) to hear appeals pursuant to section 619,
(i) to hear appeals from subdivision decisions pursuant to
section 678(2)(a),
(j) to decide intermunicipal disputes pursuant to section 690,
and
(k) to hear appeals pursuant to section 648.1.
(2) The Board must hold a hearing under Division 2 of this Part in
respect of the matters set out in subsection (1)(a) and (b).
(3) Sections 495 to 498, 501 to 504 and 507 apply when the Board
holds a hearing to decide a dispute, or to hear an appeal, referred to
in subsection (1).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s488;2009 c29 s34;
2015 c8 s54;2016 c24 s74

ALSA regional plans

488.01 In carrying out its functions and in exercising its
jurisdiction under this Act and other enactments, the Board must
act in accordance with any applicable ALSA regional plan.
2009 cA-26.8 s83

Limit on Board’s jurisdiction

488.1(1) The Board has no jurisdiction under section 488(1) to
hear a complaint relating to an equalized assessment set by the
Minister under Part 9 if the reason for the complaint is
(a) that the equalized assessment fails to reflect a loss in
value where the loss in value has not been reflected in the
assessments referred to in section 317,
(b) that information provided to the Minister by a
municipality in accordance with section 319(1) does not
properly reflect the relationship between assessments and
the value of property in the municipality for the year
preceding the year in which the assessments were used for
the purpose of imposing a tax under Part 10, or
(c) that information relied on by the Minister pursuant to
section 319(2) is incorrect.

287

Section 489

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) The Board must not hear a complaint about any issue regarding
the validity of a regulation or guideline under this Act as it relates
to property.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s488.1;2009 c29 s35;2016 c24 s75

Quorum

489 A majority of the members of a panel of the Board
constitutes a quorum.
1994 cM-26.1 s489

Decision

490 A decision of a majority of the members of a panel of the
Board is the decision of the Board.
1994 cM-26.1 s490

Division 2
Hearings Before the Board
Form of complaint

491(1) A complaint about an assessment for designated industrial
property or relating to the amount of an equalized assessment that
is to be dealt with by a hearing before the Board must be in the
form prescribed by the regulations and must be filed with the
administrator within the following periods:
(a) for a complaint about an assessment for designated
industrial property, not later than the complaint deadline;
(b) for a complaint relating to the amount of an equalized
assessment, not later than 30 days from the date the
Minister sends the municipality the report described in
section 320.
(1.1) The form referred to in subsection (1) must be accompanied
with the fee, if any, set by regulation under section 527.1.
(2) The form referred to in subsection (1) must include
(a) the reason the matter is being referred to the Board,
(b) a brief explanation of the issues to be decided by the
Board, and
(c) an address to which any notice or decision of the Board is
to be sent.
(3) In addition to the information described in subsection (2), in
respect of a complaint about an assessment for designated
industrial property, the form referred to in subsection (1) must

288

Section 492

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) indicate what information on an assessment notice is
incorrect,
(b) explain in what respect that information is incorrect,
(c) indicate what the correct information is, and
(d) identify the requested assessed value, if the complaint
relates to an assessment.
(4) In addition to the information described in subsection (2), in
respect of a complaint about an amount of an equalized assessment,
the form referred to in subsection (1) must
(a) explain in what respect the amount is incorrect, and
(b) indicate what the correct amount should be.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s491;2009 c29 s36;
2016 c24 s76;2017 c13 s1(43)

Complaints about designated industrial property

492(1) A complaint about an assessment for designated industrial
property may be about any of the following matters, as shown on
the assessment notice:
(a) the description of any designated industrial property;
(b) the name and mailing address of an assessed person;
(c) an assessment;
(c.1) an assessment class;
(d) the type of improvement;
(e) school support;
(f) whether the designated industrial property is assessable;
(g) whether the designated industrial property is exempt from
taxation under Part 10.
(1.1) Any of the following may make a complaint about an
assessment for designated industrial property:
(a) an assessed person;
(b) a municipality, if the complaint relates to property that is
within the boundaries of that municipality.
(2) Repealed 1995 c24 s76.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s492;2016 c24 s77

289

Section 493

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Duty of administrator on receiving statement

493(1) On receiving a form referred to in section 491(1), the
administrator must set a date, time and location for a hearing before
the Board in accordance with the regulations.
(2) If the form relates to a complaint about an assessment for
designated industrial property, the chair must advise the provincial
assessor that the form has been received.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s493;2009 c29 s37;
2016 c24 s78;2017 c13 ss1(44),2(14)

Notice of hearing before the Board

494(1) If a matter is to be heard by the Board, the administrator
must
(a) within 30 days after receiving a form under section
491(1), provide the municipality with a copy of the form,
and
(b) within the time prescribed by the regulations, notify
(i) the municipality,
(ii) the person who sent the form to the chair,
(iii) the provincial assessor, and
(iv) any assessed person who is directly affected by the
matter
of the date, time and location of the hearing.
(2) Repealed 2009 c29 s38.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s494;2009 c29 s38;
2016 c24 s79;2017 c13 ss1(45),2(15)

Absence from hearing

495(1) If any person who is given notice of the hearing does not
attend, the Board must proceed to deal with the matter if
(a) all persons required to be notified were given notice of the
hearing, and
(b) no request for a postponement or an adjournment was
received by the Board or, if a request was received, no
postponement or adjournment was granted by the Board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s495;2009 c29 s39

Proceedings before the Board

496(1) The Board is not bound by the rules of evidence or any
other law applicable to court proceedings and has power to
determine the admissibility, relevance and weight of any evidence.
290

Section 497

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) The Board may require any person giving evidence before it to
do so under oath.
(3) Members of the Board are commissioners for oaths while
acting in their official capacities.
1994 cM-26.1 s496

Notice to attend or produce

497(1) When, in the opinion of the Board,
(a) the attendance of a person is required, or
(b) the production of a document or thing is required,
the Board may cause to be served on a person a notice to attend or
a notice to attend and produce a document or thing.
(2) If a person fails or refuses to comply with a notice served
under subsection (1), the Board may apply to the Court of Queen’s
Bench and the Court may issue a warrant requiring the attendance
of the person or the attendance of the person to produce a
document or thing.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s497;2009 c53 s119

Protection of witnesses

498 A witness may be examined under oath on anything relevant
to a matter that is before the Board and is not excused from
answering any question on the ground that the answer might tend to
(a) incriminate the witness,
(b) subject the witness to punishment under this or any other
Act, or
(c) establish liability of the witness
(i) to a civil proceeding at the instance of the Crown or
of any other person, or
(ii) to prosecution under any Act,
but if the answer so given tends to incriminate the witness, subject
the witness to punishment or establish liability of the witness, it
must not be used or received against the witness in any civil
proceedings or in any other proceedings under this or any other
Act, except in a prosecution for or proceedings in respect of perjury
or the giving of contradictory evidence.
1994 cM-26.1 s498

291

Section 499

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Decisions of the Board

499(1) On concluding a hearing, the Board may make any of the
following decisions:
(a) make a change with respect to any matter referred to in
section 492(1), if the hearing relates to a complaint about
an assessment for designated industrial property;
(b) make a change to any equalized assessment, if the hearing
relates to an equalized assessment;
(c) decide that no change to an equalized assessment or an
assessment roll is required;
(d) decide that a property is not designated industrial property
and direct the municipality to appoint an assessor to assess
the property.
(2) The Board must dismiss a complaint that was not made within
the proper time or that does not comply with section 491(1), (2) or
(3).
(3) The Board must not alter
(a) any assessment of designated industrial property that has
been prepared correctly in accordance with the
regulations, and
(b) any equalized assessment that is fair and equitable, taking
into consideration equalized assessments in similar
municipalities.
(4) The Board may, in its decision,
(a) include terms and conditions, and
(b) make the decision effective on a future date or for a
limited time.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s499;2009 c29 s40;2016 c24 s80

Board decisions

500(1) Subject to the regulations, if the hearing relates to a
complaint about an assessment for designated industrial property,
the Board must, in writing, render a decision and provide reasons,
including any dissenting reasons,
(a) within 30 days from the last day of the hearing, or
(b) before the end of the taxation year to which the
assessment that is the subject of the hearing applies,

292

Section 501

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

whichever is earlier.
(2) Subject to the regulations, if the hearing relates to a complaint
about the amount of an equalized assessment, the Board must, in
writing, render a decision and provide reasons, including any
dissenting reasons,
(a) within 30 days from the last day of the hearing, or
(b) within 150 days from the date the Minister sends the
municipality the report described in section 320,
whichever is earlier.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s500;2002 c19 s18;2009 c29 s41;
2016 c24 s135

Costs of proceedings

501 The Board may, or in the circumstances set out in the
regulations must, order that costs of and incidental to any hearing
before it be paid by one or more of the parties in the amount
specified in the regulations.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s501;2009 c29 s42

Effect of decision relating to costs

502 An order of the Board under section 501 may be registered in
the Personal Property Registry and at any land titles office and, on
registration, has the same effect as if it were a registered writ of
enforcement issued after judgment has been entered in an action by
the Court of Queen’s Bench.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s502;2009 c29 s43

Extension of time

503 When a decision of the Board requires something to be done
within a specified time, the Board may extend the time.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s502;2009 c29 s43

Rehearing

504 The Board may rehear any matter before making its decision,
and may review, rescind or vary any decision made by it.
1994 cM-26.1 s504

Notice of decision

505 The Board must, within 7 days after it renders a decision,
send its written decision and reasons, including any dissenting
reasons, to the persons notified of the hearing under section
494(1)(b).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s505;2009 c29 s44

506, 506.1 Repealed 2016 c24 s81.

293

Section 507

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Technical irregularities

507(1) If there has been substantial compliance with this Part, a
decision of the Board is not invalid because of a defect in form, a
technical irregularity or informality.
(2) The Board may correct any error or omission in its decision.
1994 cM-26.1 s507

Intervention by municipality

508(1) When the council of a municipality considers that the
interests of the public in the municipality or in a major part of the
municipality are sufficiently concerned, the council may authorize
the municipality to become a complainant or intervenor in a
hearing before the Board.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a council may take any
steps, incur any expense and take any proceedings necessary to
place the question in dispute before the Board for a decision.
1994 cM-26.1 s508

Division 3
Judicial Review of
Board Decisions
Judicial review of Board decision

508.1(1) Where a decision of the Board is the subject of an
application for judicial review, the application must be filed with
the Court of Queen’s Bench and served not more than 60 days after
the date of the decision.
(2) Notice of an application for judicial review of a decision
referred to in subsection (1) must be given to
(a) the Board,
(b) all parties to the hearing before the Board, including any
intervenors, other than an applicant for the judicial
review,
(c) any persons who are directly affected by the decision but
were not parties or intervenors in the hearing before the
Board, if the decision that is the subject of the judicial
review relates to an assessment for designated industrial
property,
(d) a municipality, if the decision that is the subject of the
judicial review relates to property that is within the
boundaries of that municipality, and
(e) the Minister.
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(3) If an applicant for judicial review of a Board decision makes a
written request for materials to the Board for the purposes of the
application, the Board must provide the materials requested within
14 days from the date on which the written request is served.
(4) Where a Board decision is the subject of an application for
judicial review, the Board must, within 30 days from the date on
which the Board is served with the application, forward to the clerk
of the Court of Queen’s Bench the certified record of proceedings
prepared under Part 3 of the Alberta Rules of Court.
(5) Documents excluded from the public record of a hearing by the
Board remain excluded from the public record on judicial review
unless otherwise ordered by the Court of Queen’s Bench.
(6) No member of the Board is liable for costs by reason of or in
respect of a judicial review under this Act.
2016 c24 s82

509 to 513 Repealed 1995 c24 s78.

Division 4
Inquiries by the Board
Referrals to the Board

514(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may refer any matter
to the Board for its recommendations.
(2) The Minister may by order refer any question or other matter to
the Board for its recommendations.
1994 cM-26.1 s514

Report

515(1) On concluding an inquiry, the Board must prepare a report
that includes its recommendations.
(2) The Board may make any recommendations it considers
appropriate.
(3) The report must be delivered to the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s515

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Division 5
General Matters
Referral of unfair assessment to Minister

516 The Board may refer any assessment that it considers unfair
and inequitable to the Minister and the Minister may deal with it
under sections 571 and 324.
1994 cM-26.1 s516

Required changes to rolls

517(1) The municipality must make any changes to its assessment
roll or tax roll, or both, that are necessary to reflect the decision of
the Board.
(2) The Minister must make any changes to the Minister’s
assessment roll for designated industrial property that are necessary
to reflect the decision of the Board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s517;2009 c29 s46;
2016 c24 s135

Right to continue proceedings

518 A person who becomes an assessed person or taxpayer in
respect of a property or business when a complaint or an appeal
about the property or business is being dealt with under this Part
may become a party to any proceedings started by the previous
assessed person or taxpayer.
1994 cM-26.1 s518

Obligation to pay taxes

519 Sending a form to the Board under section 491(1) does not
relieve any person from the obligation to pay any taxes owing on
the property or business or any penalties imposed for late payment
of taxes.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s519;2017 c13 s1(46)

Prohibition

520(1) A member of the Board must not hear or vote on any
decision or recommendation that relates to a matter in respect of
which the member has a pecuniary interest.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a member has a pecuniary
interest in a matter to the same extent that a councillor would have
a pecuniary interest in the matter as determined in accordance with
section 170.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s520;2009 c29 s47

Power of Board re contempt

521 A person who commits or does any act, matter or thing that
would, if done in or in respect of the Court of Queen’s Bench,
constitute a contempt of the Court is in contempt of the Board, and
on an application by the Board, the Court of Queen’s Bench may
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commit that person for contempt of the Board, and the Court has
the same power of committal in respect of contempt of the Board
as it has in respect of contempt of the Court.
1994 cM-26.1 s521

522 Repealed 2009 c29 s48.
Rules re procedures

523 The Board may make rules regulating its procedures.
1994 cM-26.1 s523

Powers of the Board

524(1) The Board may request copies of statements, reports,
documents or information of any kind from the designated officers
of any local authority.
(2) The Board may request, in writing, copies of any certificates or
certified copies of documents from the Registrars of Titles in the
different land registration districts, the Minister responsible for this
Act or the Minister of Transportation.
(3) The Board or any member of the Board may at any time search
the public records of the Land Titles Offices.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s524;2007 c16 s5;2013 c10 s21

Admissible evidence at hearing

525(1) A document purporting to have been issued by a
corporation or any officer, agent or employee of a corporation, or
by any other person for or on its behalf, may be considered by the
Board as proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, that the
document was issued by the corporation.
(2) A copy of
(a) an assessment roll or tax roll or part of it, or
(b) an assessment notice or tax notice,
that is certified by a designated officer as being a true copy of the
original roll, part of the roll or notice is proof, in the absence of
evidence to the contrary, of the existence and validity of the roll,
part of the roll or notice and is admissible in evidence without
proof of the appointment or signature of the designated officer.
(3) A statutory declaration signed by a designated officer is
admissible in evidence as proof, in the absence of evidence to the
contrary, that

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(a) an assessment notice was sent at least 7 days prior to the
notice of assessment date, or
(b) a tax notice was sent on the date shown on the tax notice.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s525;2017 c13 s1(47)

Hearings open to public

525.1(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), all hearings are open
to the public.
(2) If the Board considers it necessary to prevent the disclosure of
intimate personal, financial or commercial matters or other matters
because, in the circumstances, the need to protect the
confidentiality of those matters outweighs the desirability of an
open hearing, the Board may conduct all or part of the hearing in
private.
(3) If all or any part of a hearing is to be held in private, no party
may attend the hearing unless the party files an undertaking stating
that the party will hold in confidence any evidence heard in private.
(4) Subject to subsection (5), all documents filed in respect of a
matter before the Board must be placed on the public record.
(5) The Board may exclude a document from the public record
(a) if the Board is of the opinion that disclosure of the
document could reasonably be expected to disclose
intimate personal, financial or commercial matters or
other matters, and
(b) the Board considers that a person’s interest in
confidentiality outweighs the public interest in the
disclosure of the document.
(6) Nothing in this section limits the operation of any statutory
provision that protects the confidentiality of information or
documents.
2016 c24 s83

Decision admissible on judicial review

526 A copy of a decision of the Board that is certified by the
person who presided at the hearing as being a true copy of the
original decision is proof, in the absence of evidence to the
contrary, of the decision and is admissible in evidence without
proof of the appointment or signature of the person who signed the
certificate.
1994 cM-26.1 s526

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Immunity

527 The members of the Board are not personally liable for
anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the exercise or
purported exercise of a power, duty or function under this Part.
1994 cM-26.1 s527

Regulations

527.1 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the training and qualifications of members of
the Board and the administrator or the administrator’s
delegate;
(b) respecting the setting by the administrator of the date,
time and location for a hearing before the Board;
(c) prescribing the period of time for purposes of section
494(1)(b);
(d) respecting the conditions under which the administrator
may appoint one member of the Board to sit as a panel of
the Board;
(e) respecting the procedures and functions of the Board;
(f) governing the disclosure of evidence in a hearing before
the Board;
(g) respecting costs that may or must be imposed by the
Board in respect of a hearing, including, without
limitation, regulations respecting
(i) the circumstances in which costs must be imposed,
and
(ii) the amount of costs;
(h) respecting the circumstances under which a person may
act as an agent for an assessed person or taxpayer at a
hearing before the Board;
(i) respecting the rendering of decisions by the Board;
(j) respecting applications for judicial review referred to in
section 508.1;
(k) setting fees payable by complainants, or by parties,
interveners or others who appear at hearings before the
Board or at inquiries conducted by the Board, and for
obtaining copies of the Board’s decisions and other
documents.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s527.1;2009 c29 s49;2016 c24 s84

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Part 13
Liability of Municipalities,
Enforcement of Municipal Law and
Other Legal Matters
Division 1
Liability of Municipalities
Acting in accordance with statutory authority

527.2 Subject to this and any other enactment, a municipality is
not liable for damage caused by any thing done or not done by the
municipality in accordance with the authority of this or any other
enactment unless the cause of action is negligence or any other tort.
1999 c11 s29

Non-negligence actions

528 A municipality is not liable in an action based on nuisance, or
on any other tort that does not require a finding of intention or
negligence, if the damage arises, directly or indirectly, from roads
or from the operation or non-operation of
(a) a public utility, or
(b) a dike, ditch or dam.
1994 cM-26.1 s528

Exercise of discretion

529 A municipality that has the discretion to do something is not
liable for deciding not to do that thing in good faith or for not doing
that thing.
1994 cM-26.1 s529

Inspections and maintenance

530(1) A municipality is not liable for damage caused by
(a) a system of inspection, or the manner in which inspections
are to be performed, or the frequency, infrequency or
absence of inspections, and
(b) a system of maintenance, or the manner in which
maintenance is to be performed, or the frequency,
infrequency or absence of maintenance.
(2) Repealed 1995 c24 s80.
1994 cM-26.1 s530;1995 c24 s80

Snow on roads

531(1) A municipality is only liable for an injury to a person or
damage to property caused by snow, ice or slush on roads or

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sidewalks in the municipality if the municipality is grossly
negligent.
(2) A person who brings an action claiming gross negligence
described in subsection (1) must notify the municipality of the
event that gives rise to the action within 21 days after the
occurrence of the event.
(3) Failure to notify the municipality bars the action unless
(a) there is a reasonable excuse for the lack of notice, and the
municipality is not prejudiced by the lack of notice,
(b) death is the result of the event complained of, or
(c) the municipality waives in writing the requirement for
notice.
1994 cM-26.1 s531;1996 c30 s49

Repair of roads, public places and public works

532(1) Every road or other public place that is subject to the
direction, control and management of the municipality, including
all public works in, on or above the roads or public place put there
by the municipality or by any other person with the permission of
the municipality, must be kept in a reasonable state of repair by the
municipality, having regard to
(a) the character of the road, public place or public work, and
(b) the area of the municipality in which it is located.
(2) The municipality is liable for damage caused by the
municipality failing to perform its duty under subsection (1).
(3) This section does not apply to any road made or laid out by a
private person or any work made or done on a road or place by a
private person until the road or work is subject to the direction,
control and management of the municipality.
(4) A municipality is not liable under this section unless the
claimant has suffered by reason of the default of the municipality a
particular loss or damage beyond what is suffered by the claimant
in common with all other persons affected by the state of repair.
(5) A municipality is not liable under this section in respect of acts
done or omitted to be done by persons exercising powers or
authorities conferred on them by law, and over which the
municipality has no control, if the municipality is not a party to
those acts or omissions.

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(6) A municipality is liable under this section only if the
municipality knew or should have known of the state of repair.
(7) A municipality is not liable under this section if the
municipality proves that it took reasonable steps to prevent the
disrepair from arising.
(8) When a traffic control device has been defaced, removed or
destroyed by someone other than a designated officer or employee
or agent of the municipality, the municipality is liable under this
section only if the municipality
(a) had actual notice of the defacement, removal or
destruction, and
(b) failed to restore, repair or replace the traffic control device
in a reasonable period of time.
(9) A person who brings an action under this section must notify
the municipality of the event that gives rise to the action within 30
days after the occurrence of the event.
(10) Failure to notify the municipality bars the action unless
(a) there is a reasonable excuse for the lack of notice, and the
municipality is not prejudiced by the lack of notice,
(b) death is the result of the event complained of, or
(c) the municipality waives in writing the requirement for
notice.
1994 cM-26.1 s532

Things on or adjacent to roads

533 A municipality is not liable for damage caused
(a) by the presence, absence or type of any wall, fence,
guardrail, railing, curb, pavement markings, traffic control
device, illumination device or barrier adjacent to or in,
along or on a road, or
(b) by or on account of any construction, obstruction or
erection or any situation, arrangement or disposition of
any earth, rock, tree or other material or thing adjacent to
or in, along or on a road that is not on the travelled portion
of the road.
1994 cM-26.1 s533

Public works affecting land

534(1) In this section, “injurious affection” means, in respect of
land, the permanent reduction in the appraised value of land as a
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result of the existence, but not the construction, erection or use, of a
public work or structure for which the municipality would be liable
if the existence of the public work or structure were not under the
authority of an enactment.
(2) Within one year after the construction or erection of a public
work or structure is completed, as signified by the construction
completion certificate, the municipality must deliver or mail to
every owner of land that abuts land on which the public work or
structure is situated, and place in a newspaper circulating in the
municipality, a notice that
(a) identifies the public work or structure,
(b) gives the date of completion, and
(c) states that claims for compensation under this section
must be received within 60 days after the notice is
published in the newspaper.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), an owner of land that abuts land on
which a public work or structure is situated is entitled to
compensation from the municipality for injurious affection to the
owner’s land.
(4) An owner of land described in subsection (3) is entitled to
compensation under this section only if the owner files with the
municipality a claim within 60 days after notice of the completion
of the public work or structure is published in the newspaper.
(5) A claim must state the amount claimed and the particulars of
the claim to prove the claim.
(6) The value of any advantage to a claimant’s land derived from
the existence of the public work or structure must be set off against
the amount otherwise payable as compensation for injurious
affection.
(7) No compensation is payable for injurious affection caused by
(a) the existence of boulevards or dividers on a road for the
purpose of channelling traffic, or
(b) the restriction of traffic to one direction only on any road.
(8) No action or claim for injurious affection may be made except
under this section.
(9) If the claimant and the municipality are not able to agree on the
amount of compensation for injurious affection, the claimant and
the municipality may agree to have the amount determined by
binding arbitration under the Arbitration Act.
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(10) If the claimant and the municipality do not agree to have the
amount of compensation for injurious affection determined by
binding arbitration, the amount of compensation for injurious
affection must be determined by the Land Compensation Board.
(11) Subject to the regulations made under subsection (15), the
Land Compensation Board may follow the practices and
procedures used under the Expropriation Act.
(12) Except in exceptional circumstances, the Land Compensation
Board may not award legal costs on a solicitor-client basis in
respect of a proceeding under this section.
(13) An appeal lies to the Court of Appeal from any determination
or order of the Land Compensation Board under this section.
(14) Section 37 of the Expropriation Act applies to an appeal
under subsection (13).
(15) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the practice and procedure of a proceeding
before the Land Compensation Board under this section;
(b) subject to subsection (12), respecting costs that may be
awarded by the Land Compensation Board in respect of a
proceeding under this section.
(16) This section applies only in respect of public works and
structures for which a construction completion certificate is issued
after this section comes into force.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s534;2007 c16 s4

Division 2
Liability of Councillors and Others
Protection of councillors and municipal officers

535(1) In this section,
(a) “municipal officers” means
(i) the chief administrative officer and designated
officers, and
(ii) employees of the municipality;
(b) “volunteer worker” means a volunteer member of a fire or
ambulance service or emergency measures organization
established by a municipality, or any other volunteer
performing duties under the direction of a municipality.

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(2) Councillors, council committee members, municipal officers
and volunteer workers are not liable for loss or damage caused by
anything said or done or omitted to be done in good faith in the
performance or intended performance of their functions, duties or
powers under this Act or any other enactment.
(3) Subsection (2) is not a defence if the cause of action is
defamation.
(4) This section does not affect the legal liability of a municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s535;2002 c19 s19

Protection of sporting commissions

535.1(1) In this section, “commission” means a commission
established by bylaw for controlling and regulating any of the
following:
(a) boxing;
(b) wrestling;
(c) full contact karate;
(d) kickboxing;
(e) any other sport that holds contests where opponents strike
each other with a hand, foot, knee, elbow or other part of
the body.
(2) A commission and its members, officers, employees and any
volunteers and officials performing duties under the direction of
any of them are not liable for anything said or done or omitted to
be done in good faith in the performance or intended performance
of their functions, duties or powers under this Act or any other
enactment.
(3) Subsection (2) is not a defence if the cause of action is
defamation.
2002 c19 s19;2003 c43 s2

Protection of fire service organizations

535.2(1) In this section,
(a) “fire service organization” means
(i) a municipality that provides, through a department,
branch or other part of the municipality, fire services
for that municipality or on behalf of one or more
municipal authorities;

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(ii) a regional services commission that provides fire
services within its service area;
(iii) a special areas board or the Minister, in the case of a
special area or an improvement district, who
provides fire services for the special area or
improvement district or on behalf of one or more
municipal authorities;
(iv) a corporation or other entity, other than a municipal
authority or regional services commission, that
provides fire services in one or more municipal
authorities in accordance with an agreement with, or
at the request of, the municipal authority or
municipal authorities;
(b) “firefighter” means a member, including a volunteer, of a
fire service organization whose functions, duties or
powers are to carry out fire services, notwithstanding that
the member may carry out other functions, duties or
powers for the fire service organization;
(c) “fire services” means services related to the suppression
or prevention of fires, rescue and emergency services and
other activities of a firefighter.
(2) Fire service organizations, members of a regional services
commission and firefighters are not liable for loss or damage
caused by anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the
performance or intended performance of their functions, duties or
powers in providing or carrying out fire services.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in the case of an accident
involving a motor vehicle.
2009 c49 s2

Division 3
Challenging Bylaws and Resolutions
Application to the Court of Queen’s Bench

536(1) A person may apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for
(a) a declaration that a bylaw or resolution is invalid, or
(b) an order requiring a council to amend or repeal a bylaw as
a result of a vote by the electors on the amendment or
repeal.
(2) A judge may require an applicant to provide security for costs
in an amount and manner established by the judge.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s536;2009 c53 s119

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Procedure

537 A person who wishes to have a bylaw or resolution declared
invalid on the basis that
(a) the proceedings prior to the passing of the bylaw or
resolution, or
(b) the manner of passing the bylaw or resolution
does not comply with this or any other enactment must make an
application within 60 days after the bylaw or resolution is passed.
1994 cM-26.1 s537

Validity relating to public participation

538 Despite section 537, a person may apply at any time
(a) for a declaration that a bylaw is invalid if
(i) the bylaw is required to be put to a vote of electors
and the vote has not been conducted or if the bylaw
was not given the required approval in such a vote,
(ii) the bylaw is required to be advertised and it was not
advertised, or
(iii) a public hearing is required to be held in respect of
the bylaw and the public hearing was not held,
or
(b) for an order requiring a council to pass a bylaw as a result
of a vote by the electors.
1994 cM-26.1 s538

Reasonableness

539 No bylaw or resolution may be challenged on the ground that
it is unreasonable.
1994 cM-26.1 s539

Effect of councillor being disqualified

540 No bylaw, resolution or proceeding of a council and no
resolution or proceeding of a council committee may be challenged
on the ground that
(a) a person sitting or voting as a councillor
(i) is not qualified to be on council,
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(iii) after the election, ceased to be qualified, or became
disqualified,
(b) the election of one or more councillors is invalid,
(c) a councillor has resigned because of disqualification,
(d) a person has been declared disqualified from being a
councillor,
(e) a councillor did not take the oath of office,
(f) a person sitting or voting as a member of a council
committee
(i) is not qualified to be on the committee,
(ii) was not qualified when the person was appointed, or
(iii) after being appointed, ceased to be qualified, or
became disqualified,
or
(g) there was a defect in the appointment of a councillor or
other person to a council committee.
1994 cM-26.1 s540

Division 4
Enforcement of Municipal Law
Definitions

541 In this Division,
(a) “emergency” includes a situation in which there is
imminent danger to public safety or of serious harm to
property;
(b) “structure” means a structure as defined in section 284.
1994 cM-26.1 s541;1999 c11 s30

Municipal inspections and enforcement

542(1) If this or any other enactment or a bylaw authorizes or
requires anything to be inspected, remedied, enforced or done by a
municipality, a designated officer of the municipality may, after
giving reasonable notice to the owner or occupier of land or the
structure to be entered to carry out the inspection, remedy,
enforcement or action,
(a) enter on that land or structure at any reasonable time, and
carry out the inspection, enforcement or action authorized
or required by the enactment or bylaw,
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(b) request anything to be produced to assist in the inspection,
remedy, enforcement or action, and
(c) make copies of anything related to the inspection, remedy,
enforcement or action.
(1.1) A consent signed under section 653 is deemed to be a
reasonable notice for the purposes of subsection (1).
(2) The designated officer must display or produce on request
identification showing that the person is authorized to make the
entry.
(3) In an emergency or in extraordinary circumstances, the
designated officer need not give reasonable notice or enter at a
reasonable hour and may do the things in subsection (1)(a) and (c)
without the consent of the owner or occupant.
(4) Nothing in this section authorizes the municipality to remedy
the contravention of an enactment or bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s542;1995 c24 s81

Court authorized inspections and enforcement

543(1) If a person
(a) refuses to allow or interferes with the entry, inspection,
enforcement or action referred to in section 542, or
(b) refuses to produce anything to assist in the inspection,
remedy, enforcement or action referred to in section 542,
the municipality may apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for an
order under subsection (2).
(2) The Court may issue an order
(a) restraining a person from preventing or interfering with
the entry, inspection, enforcement or action, or
(b) requiring the production of anything to assist in the
inspection, remedy, enforcement or action.
(3) A copy of the application and a copy of each affidavit in
support must be served at least 3 days before the day named in the
application for the hearing.
(4) In an emergency or in extraordinary circumstances, the Court
may hear the application without notice to any person.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s543;2009 c53 s119

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Inspecting meters

544(1) If a designated officer of a municipality believes that a
meter that measures a public utility has been tampered with, the
designated officer may apply to a judge of the Provincial Court for
an order authorizing one or more employees of the municipality
(a) to enter on any land or structure in which the meter is
located, and
(b) to inspect and test the meter.
(2) The judge of the Provincial Court may issue the order on being
satisfied by evidence of the designated officer under oath that there
are reasonable grounds to believe the meter has been tampered
with.
(3) The judge of the Provincial Court may hear the application
without notice to any person.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s544;2008 c32 s21

Order to remedy contraventions

545(1) If a designated officer finds that a person is contravening
this or any other enactment that the municipality is authorized to
enforce or a bylaw, the designated officer may, by written order,
require the person responsible for the contravention to remedy it if
the circumstances so require.
(2) The order may
(a) direct a person to stop doing something, or to change the
way in which the person is doing it;
(b) direct a person to take any action or measures necessary to
remedy the contravention of the enactment or bylaw,
including the removal or demolition of a structure that has
been erected or placed in contravention of a bylaw, and, if
necessary, to prevent a re-occurrence of the contravention;
(c) state a time within which the person must comply with the
directions;
(d) state that if the person does not comply with the directions
within a specified time, the municipality will take the
action or measure at the expense of the person.
1994 cM-26.1 s545

Order to remedy dangers and unsightly property

546(0.1) In this section,

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(a) “detrimental to the surrounding area” includes causing the
decline of the market value of property in the surrounding
area;
(b) “unsightly condition”,
(i) in respect of a structure, includes a structure whose
exterior shows signs of significant physical
deterioration, and
(ii) in respect of land, includes land that shows signs of a
serious disregard for general maintenance or upkeep.
(1) If, in the opinion of a designated officer, a structure, excavation
or hole is dangerous to public safety or property, because of its
unsightly condition, is detrimental to the surrounding area, the
designated officer may by written order
(a) require the owner of the structure to
(i) eliminate the danger to public safety in the manner
specified, or
(ii) remove or demolish the structure and level the site;
(b) require the owner of the land that contains the excavation
or hole to
(i) eliminate the danger to public safety in the manner
specified, or
(ii) fill in the excavation or hole and level the site;
(c) require the owner of the property that is in an unsightly
condition to
(i) improve the appearance of the property in the
manner specified, or
(ii) if the property is a structure, remove or demolish the
structure and level the site.
(2) The order may
(a) state a time within which the person must comply with the
order;
(b) state that if the person does not comply with the order
within a specified time, the municipality will take the
action or measure at the expense of the person.
1994 cM-26.1 s546;1999 c11 s31

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Chapter M-26

Caveat

546.1(1) A municipality may register a caveat under the Land
Titles Act in respect of an order made under section 545 or 546
dealing with a dangerous structure, excavation or hole or unsightly
property against the certificate of title for the land that is the
subject of the order.
(2) If a municipality registers a caveat under subsection (1), the
municipality must discharge the caveat when the order has been
complied with or when the municipality has performed the actions
or measures referred to in the order.
1999 c11 s32

Review by council

547(1) A person who receives a written order under section 545 or
546 may by written notice request council to review the order
within
(a) 14 days after the date the order is received, in the case of
an order under section 545, and
(b) 7 days after the date the order is received, in the case of an
order under section 546,
or any longer period as specified by bylaw.
(2) After reviewing the order, the council may confirm, vary,
substitute or cancel the order.
1994 cM-26.1 s547;1999 c11 s33

Appeal to Court of Queen’s Bench

548(1) A person affected by the decision of a council under
section 547 may appeal to the Court of Queen’s Bench if
(a) the procedure required to be followed by this Act is not
followed, or
(b) the decision is patently unreasonable.
(1.1) The appeal must be made,
(a) in the case of an appeal of an order under section 545,
within 30 days after the date the decision under section
547 is served on the person affected by the decision, and
(b) in the case of an appeal of an order under section 546,
within 15 days after the date the decision under section
547 is served on the person affected by the decision.
(2) The application for the appeal must state the reasons for the
appeal.
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Chapter M-26

(3) The Court may
(a) confirm the decision, or
(b) declare the decision invalid and send the matter back to
the council with directions.
1994 cM-26.1 s548;1999 c11 s34

Municipality remedying contraventions

549(1) A municipality may take whatever action or measures are
necessary to remedy a contravention of this Act, an enactment that
the municipality is authorized to enforce or a bylaw or to prevent a
re-occurrence of the contravention if
(a) the municipality has given a written order under section
545,
(b) the order contains a statement referred to in section
545(2)(d),
(c) the person to whom the order is directed has not complied
with the order within the time specified in the order, and
(d) the appeal periods respecting the order have passed or, if
an appeal has been made, the appeal has been decided and
it allows the municipality to take the action or measures.
(2) If the order directed that premises be put and maintained in a
sanitary condition, the municipality may, under this section, close
the premises and use reasonable force to remove occupants.
(3) The expenses and costs of an action or measure taken by a
municipality under this section are an amount owing to the
municipality by the person who contravened the enactment or
bylaw.
1994 cM-26.1 s549

Municipality remedying dangers and unsightly property

550(1) A municipality may take whatever actions or measures are
necessary to eliminate the danger to public safety caused by a
structure, excavation or hole or to deal with the unsightly condition
of property if
(a) the municipality has given a written order under section
546,
(b) the order contains a statement referred to in section
546(2)(b),
(c) the person to whom the order is directed has not complied
with the order within the time specified in the order, and
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Chapter M-26

(d) the appeal periods respecting the order have passed or, if
an appeal has been made, the appeal has been decided and
it allows the municipality to take the action or measures.
(2) If a structure is being removed or demolished by a municipality
under this section, the municipality may use reasonable force to
remove occupants.
(3) The expenses and costs of an action or measure taken by a
municipality under this section are an amount owing to the
municipality by the person who was required to do something by
the order under section 546.
(4) If the municipality sells all or a part of a structure that has been
removed under this section, the proceeds of the sale must be used
to pay the expenses and costs of the removal and any excess
proceeds must be paid to the person entitled to them.
1994 cM-26.1 s550

Emergencies

551(1) Despite sections 549 and 550, in an emergency a
municipality may take whatever actions or measures are necessary
to eliminate the emergency.
(2) This section applies whether or not the emergency involves a
contravention of this Act, an enactment that the municipality is
authorized to enforce or a bylaw.
(3) A person who receives an oral or written order under this
section requiring the person to provide labour, services, equipment
or materials must comply with the order.
(4) Any person who provides labour, services, equipment or
materials under this section who did not cause the emergency is
entitled to reasonable remuneration from the municipality.
(5) The expenses and costs of the actions or measures, including
the remuneration referred to in subsection (4), are an amount owing
to the municipality by the person who caused the emergency.
1994 cM-26.1 s551

Recovery of amounts owing by civil action

552 Except as provided in this or any other enactment, an amount
owing to a municipality may be collected by civil action for debt in
a court of competent jurisdiction.
1994 cM-26.1 s552

Adding amounts owing to tax roll

553(1) A council may add the following amounts to the tax roll of
a parcel of land:

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(a) unpaid costs referred to in section 35(4) or 39(2) relating
to service connections of a municipal public utility that
are owing by the owner of the parcel;
(b) unpaid charges referred to in section 42 for a municipal
utility service provided to the parcel by a municipal public
utility that are owing by the owner of the parcel;
(c) unpaid expenses and costs referred to in section 549(3), if
the parcel’s owner contravened the enactment or bylaw
and the contravention occurred on all or a part of the
parcel;
(d), (e) repealed 1999 c11 s35;
(f) costs associated with tax recovery proceedings related to
the parcel;
(g) if the municipality has passed a bylaw making the owner
of a parcel liable for expenses and costs related to the
municipality extinguishing fires on the parcel, unpaid
costs and expenses for extinguishing fires on the parcel;
(g.1) if the municipality has passed a bylaw requiring the owner
or occupant of a parcel to keep the sidewalks adjacent to
the parcel clear of snow and ice, unpaid expenses and
costs incurred by the municipality for removing the snow
and ice in respect of the parcel;
(h) unpaid costs awarded by a composite assessment review
board under section 468.1 or the Municipal Government
Board under section 501, if the composite assessment
review board or the Municipal Government Board has
awarded costs against the owner of the parcel in favour of
the municipality and the matter before the composite
assessment review board or the Municipal Government
Board was related to the parcel;
(h.1) the expenses and costs of carrying out an order under
section 646;
(i) any other amount that may be added to the tax roll under
an enactment.
(2) Subject to section 659, when an amount is added to the tax roll
of a parcel of land under subsection (1), the amount
(a) is deemed for all purposes to be a tax imposed under
Division 2 of Part 10 from the date it was added to the tax
roll, and

315

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Chapter M-26

(b) forms a special lien against the parcel of land in favour of
the municipality from the date it was added to the tax roll.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s553;2009 c29 s50

Adding amounts owing to property tax roll

553.1(1) If a person described in any of the following clauses
owes money to a municipality in any of the circumstances
described in the following clauses, the municipality may add the
amount owing to the tax roll of any property for which the person
is the assessed person:
(a) a person who was a licensee under a licence of occupation
granted by the municipality and who, under the licence,
owes the municipality for the costs incurred by the
municipality in restoring the land used under the licence;
(b) an agreement holder referred to in section 27.4(1) who
owes money to the municipality under section 27.4(1);
(c) a person who owes money to the municipality under
section 550(3) or 551(5).
(2) Subject to section 659, when an amount is added to the tax roll
of property under subsection (1), the amount
(a) is deemed for all purposes to be a tax imposed under
Division 2 of Part 10 from the date it was added to the tax
roll, and
(b) forms a special lien against the property in favour of the
municipality from the date it was added to the tax roll.
1999 c11 s36

Adding amounts owing to business tax roll

553.2(1) In this section, “business tax roll” means the portion of a
municipality’s tax roll for taxable businesses.
(2) If a person described in any of the following clauses owes
money to a municipality in any of the circumstances described in
the following clauses, the municipality may add the amount owing
to the business tax roll against any business operated by the person:
(a) a person who was a licensee under a licence of occupation
granted by the municipality and who, under the licence,
owes the municipality for the costs incurred by the
municipality in restoring the land used under the licence;
(b) a person who owes money to the municipality under
section 550(3) or 551(5).

316

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Chapter M-26

(3) Subject to section 659, when an amount is added to the
business tax roll under subsection (2) against a business, the
amount is deemed for all purposes to be a tax imposed under
Division 3 of Part 10 from the date it was added to the tax roll.
1999 c11 s36

Injunction

554(1) When
(a) a structure is being constructed in contravention of an
enactment that a municipality is authorized to enforce or a
bylaw,
(b) a contravention of this Act, another enactment that a
municipality is authorized to enforce or a bylaw is of a
continuing nature, or
(c) any person is carrying on business or is doing any act,
matter or thing without having paid money required to be
paid by a bylaw,
in addition to any other remedy and penalty imposed by this or any
other enactment or a bylaw, the municipality may apply to the
Court of Queen’s Bench for an injunction or other order.
(2) The Court may grant or refuse the injunction or other order or
may make any other order that in its opinion the justice of the case
requires.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s554;2009 c53 s119

Municipality’s costs in actions

554.1(1) A municipality is entitled to collect lawful costs in all
actions and proceedings to which the municipality is a party.
(2) The costs of a municipality in an action or proceeding in which
the municipality is a party are not to be disallowed or reduced
because the municipality’s lawyer in the action or proceeding is an
employee of the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s554.1;2009 c53 s119

Bylaw enforcement officers

555(1) A person who is appointed as a bylaw enforcement officer
is, in the execution of enforcement duties, responsible for the
preservation and maintenance of the public peace.
(2) Bylaw enforcement officers must take the official oath
prescribed by the Oaths of Office Act before starting their duties.
1994 cM-26.1 s555

Powers and duties of bylaw enforcement officers

556 Every council must by bylaw
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Section 557

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) specify the powers and duties of bylaw enforcement
officers, and
(b) establish disciplinary procedures for misuse of power,
including penalties and an appeal process applicable to
misuse of power by bylaw enforcement officers.
1994 cM-26.1 s556

Division 5
Offences and Penalties
General offences

557 A person who contravenes or does not comply with
(a) a provision of this Division,
(a.1) a provision of Part 17 or the regulations under Part 17,
(a.2) a land use bylaw as defined in Part 17,
(a.3) an order under section 645,
(a.4) a development permit or subdivision approval or a
condition of a permit or approval under Part 17,
(a.5) a decision of a subdivision and development appeal board
or the Municipal Government Board under Part 17,
(a.6) section 436.24,
(b) a direction or order of the Minister,
(c) an order under section 545, 546, 551 or 567, or
(d) section 436.05,
or who obstructs or hinders any person in the exercise or
performance of the person’s powers under Part 17 or the
regulations under Part 17, is guilty of an offence.
1994 cM-26.1 s557;1995 c24 s84;1998 c24 s55;1999 c11 s37

Offences applicable to officials

558 No chief administrative officer or designated officer may
(a) fail to discharge the duties of office imposed by this or
any other enactment or bylaw,
(b) sign any statement, report or return required by this or any
other enactment or bylaw knowing that it contains a false
statement, or

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) fail to hand over to a successor in office, or to the persons
designated in writing by the council or the Minister, all
money, books, papers and other property of a
municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s558

Unauthorized use of heraldic emblems

559 No person may use the heraldic emblem of the municipality
or anything that is intended to resemble the heraldic emblem
without the permission of council.
1994 cM-26.1 s559

Documents used to enforce bylaws

560(1) No person may issue a form that a municipality uses to
enforce its bylaws unless the person has the authority to enforce
those bylaws.
(2) No person may use a form that resembles a form that a
municipality uses to enforce its bylaws with the intent of making
others think that the form was issued by the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s560

561 Repealed 1994 cM-26.1 s738.
Obstructing construction of public work or utilities

562 No person may interfere with the construction, maintenance,
operation or repair of a public work or public utility.
1994 cM-26.1 s562

Stop-cock

563 If a municipality has placed a stop-cock in a building as part
of a municipal public utility, no owner or occupant of the building
may use the stop-cock except to prevent damage to the building or
the system or works of the public utility or to prevent or stop the
flooding of the building.
1994 cM-26.1 s563

Operating a business without a licence

564 In a prosecution for contravention of a bylaw against
engaging in or operating a business without a licence, proof of one
transaction in the business or that the business has been advertised
is sufficient to establish that a person is engaged in or operates the
business.
1994 cM-26.1 s564

Prosecutions

565 A prosecution under this Act or a bylaw may be commenced
within 2 years after the date of the alleged offence, but not
afterwards.
1994 cM-26.1 s565

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Penalty

566(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who is found guilty of
an offence under this Act is liable to a fine of not more than
$10 000 or to imprisonment for not more than one year, or to both
fine and imprisonment.
(2) The minimum fine for a person who is found guilty of
contravening or not complying with an order under section 546 or
551 is $300.
1994 cM-26.1 s566

Order for compliance

567 If a person is found guilty of an offence under this Act or a
bylaw, the court may, in addition to any other penalty imposed,
order the person to comply with this Act or bylaw or a licence,
permit or other authorization issued under the bylaw, or a condition
of any of them.
1994 cM-26.1 s567

Fines and penalties

568 Fines and penalties imposed on a conviction for an offence
under this Act or a bylaw are an amount owing to the municipality
in which the offence occurred.
1994 cM-26.1 s568

Civil liability not affected

569 A person who is guilty of an offence under this Act may also
be liable in a civil proceeding.
1994 cM-26.1 s569

Part 14
General Ministerial Powers
Intermunicipal disagreements

570 If a disagreement between municipalities is referred to the
Minister by a council of a municipality or if the Minister is
satisfied that it is desirable for the Minister to become involved in a
disagreement between municipalities, the Minister may do one or
more of the following:
(a) conduct any investigation or inquiry that the Minister
considers to be appropriate;
(b) appoint a mediator to assist the municipalities in resolving
the disagreement;
(c) make a decision to settle the disagreement and order the
municipalities to implement the decision.
1994 cM-26.1 s570;1996 c30 s50

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Section 570.01

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Chapter M-26

Measures to ensure compliance with ALSA regional plans

570.01(1) If the Minister considers that a municipal authority,
regional services commission or growth management board has not
complied with an ALSA regional plan, the Minister may take any
necessary measures to ensure that the municipal authority, regional
services commission or growth management board, as the case may
be, complies with the ALSA regional plan.
(2) In subsection (1), all necessary measures includes, without
limitation, an order by the Minister
(a) suspending the authority of a council to make bylaws in
respect of any matter specified in the order;
(b) exercising bylaw-making authority in respect of all or any
of the matters for which bylaw-making authority is
suspended under clause (a);
(c) removing a suspension of bylaw-making authority, with
or without conditions;
(d) withholding money otherwise payable by the Government
to the municipal authority, regional services commission
or growth management board pending compliance with an
order of the Minister;
(e) repealing, amending and making policies and procedures
with respect to the municipal authority, regional services
commission or growth management board;
(f) suspending the authority of a development authority or
subdivision authority and providing for a person to act in
its place pending compliance with conditions specified in
the order;
(g) requiring or prohibiting any other action as necessary to
ensure an ALSA regional plan is complied with.
2009 cA-26.8 s83;2013 c17 s3

Information

570.1 The Minister may provide a municipality with any
information on the assessment of property the Minister may have
whether the property is located in the municipality or elsewhere.
1995 c24 s85

Inspection

571(1) The Minister may require any matter connected with the
management, administration or operation of any municipality or
any assessment prepared under Part 9 to be inspected
(a) on the Minister’s initiative,
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) on the request of the council of the municipality, or
(c) if the Minister receives a sufficient petition requesting the
inspection that is signed,
(i) in the case of a municipality other than a summer
village, by electors of the municipality equal in
number to at least 20% of the population, and
(ii) in the case of a summer village, by a number of
electors of the summer village equal to at least 30%
of the number of summer village residences in the
summer village.
(1.1) For the purposes of subsection (1), the management,
administration or operation of a municipality includes
(a) the affairs of the municipality,
(b) the conduct of a councillor or of an employee or agent of
the municipality, and
(c) the conduct of a person who has an agreement with the
municipality relating to the duties or obligations of the
municipality or the person under the agreement.
(2) The Minister may appoint one or more persons as inspectors
for the purpose of carrying out inspections under this section.
(3) An inspector
(a) may require the attendance of any officer of the
municipality or of any other person whose presence the
inspector considers necessary during the course of the
inspection, and
(b) has the same powers, privileges and immunities as a
commissioner under the Public Inquiries Act.
(4) When required to do so by an inspector, the chief
administrative officer of the municipality must produce for
examination and inspection all books and records of the
municipality.
(5) After the completion of the inspection, the inspector must
make a report to the Minister and, if the inspection was made at the
request of a council, to the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s571;2016 c24 s85

Inquiry

572(1) The Minister may, on the Minister’s initiative, order an
inquiry described in subsection (2).
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(2) An inquiry may be conducted into
(a) the affairs of the municipality,
(b) the conduct of a councillor, or an employee or agent of the
municipality, or
(c) the conduct of a person who has an agreement with the
municipality relating to the duties or obligations of the
municipality or a person under the agreement.
(3) The Minister may appoint one or more persons to conduct an
inquiry under this section.
(4) The person or persons appointed to conduct an inquiry are
entitled to the fees and expenses specified by the Minister and the
Minister may direct who is to pay for the inquiry.
(5) The person or persons appointed to conduct an inquiry have all
the powers and duties of a commissioner appointed under the
Public Inquiries Act.
(6) The person or persons appointed to conduct an inquiry must
report to the Minister and the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s572;2016 c24 s86

Bank accounts

573 A bank, an agency of a bank or any other financial institution
carrying on business in Alberta must, on request of the Minister,
furnish the Minister with a statement showing the balance or
condition of the accounts of any municipality having an account
with the bank, agency or institution, together with any particulars
of the accounts that may be required.
1994 cM-26.1 s573

Directions and dismissal

574(1) If, because of an inspection under section 571, a report of
an official administrator under section 575.1, an inquiry under
section 572 or an audit under section 282, the Minister considers
that a municipality is managed in an irregular, improper or
improvident manner, the Minister may by order direct the council,
the chief administrative officer or a designated officer of the
municipality to take any action that the Minister considers proper
in the circumstances.
(2) If an order of the Minister under subsection (1) is not carried
out to the satisfaction of the Minister and the Minister considers
that the municipality continues to be managed in an irregular,
improper or improvident manner or if an order of the Minister
under section 570(c) is not carried out to the satisfaction of the
Minister, and all reasonable efforts to resolve the situation have
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Section 574

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

been attempted and have been unsuccessful, the Minister may
make one or more of the following orders:
(a) an order suspending the authority of the council to make
bylaws in respect of any matter specified in the order;
(b) an order exercising bylaw-making authority in respect of
all or any of the matters for which bylaw-making
authority is suspended under clause (a);
(c) an order removing a suspension of bylaw-making
authority, with or without conditions;
(d) an order withholding money otherwise payable by the
Government to the municipal authority pending
compliance with an order of the Minister;
(e) an order repealing, amending and making policies and
procedures with respect to the municipal authority;
(f) an order suspending the authority of a development
authority or subdivision authority and providing for a
person to act in its place pending compliance with
conditions specified in the order;
(g) an order requiring or prohibiting any other action as
necessary to ensure an order is complied with;
(h) an order dismissing the council or any member of it or the
chief administrative officer.
(2.1) Before making an order under subsection (2), the Minister
must give the municipal authority notice of the intended order and
at least 14 days in which to respond.
(3) On the dismissal of the council or of any member of it, the
Minister may direct the election of a new council or of a member of
council to take the place of any member that has been dismissed.
(4) On the dismissal of the chief administrative officer, the
Minister may appoint another officer and specify the remuneration
that is payable to the officer by the municipality.
(5) The Minister may appoint an official administrator
(a) on the dismissal of a council, or
(b) on the dismissal of one or more councillors if the
remaining councillors do not constitute a quorum.

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(6) An official administrator appointed under subsection (5) has all
the powers and duties of the council.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s574;2017 c13 s1(48)

Official administrator as supervisor

575(1) The Minister may at any time appoint an official
administrator to supervise a municipality and its council.
(2) So long as the appointment of an official administrator under
this section continues,
(a) no bylaw or resolution that authorizes the municipality to
incur a liability or to dispose of its money or property has
any effect until the bylaw or resolution has been approved
in writing by the official administrator, and
(b) the official administrator may at any time within 30 days
after the passing of any bylaw or resolution disallow it,
and the bylaw or resolution so disallowed becomes and is
deemed to have always been void.
1994 cM-26.1 s575

Reports of official administrators

575.1 An official administrator appointed under this Part shall on
request of the Minister, and may at any other time, report to the
Minister on any matter respecting the municipality or its council or
administration or any intermunicipal matter.
2017 c13 s1(49)

Enforcement where municipality under supervision

575.2(1) If the Minister considers that a municipality has, while
under the supervision of an official administrator,
(a) incurred a liability or disposed of money or property
without the written approval of the official administrator
required by section 575(2)(a), or
(b) acted on a bylaw or resolution that has been disallowed by
the official administrator under section 575(2)(b),
the Minister may take any necessary measures to address the
situation, including, without limitation, making one or more orders
referred to in section 574(2)(a) to (h).
(2) Before making an order under subsection (1), the Minister
must give the municipal authority notice of the intended order and
at least 14 days in which to respond.
2017 c13 s1(49)

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Chapter M-26

Remuneration for official administrator

576 When an official administrator is appointed for a
municipality by the Minister under this Act, the remuneration and
expenses of the official administrator as set by the Minister must,
if required by the Minister, be paid by the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s576

Providing Minister with copies and information

577(1) The Minister may direct a municipality to provide a copy
of any document in the possession of the municipality to the
Minister within the time specified by the Minister.
(2) The Minister may direct a municipality to provide information
or statistics respecting the municipality to the Minister within the
time specified by the Minister.
(3) A municipality must comply with a direction of the Minister
under this section and provide the copy, information or statistics to
the Minister without charge.
(4) This section does not apply to documents that have been
prepared or information acquired by a municipality that is subject
to any type of legal privilege, including solicitor-client privilege.
1994 cM-26.1 s577

Delegation

578(1) The Minister may delegate in writing to any person any
power, duty or function of the Minister under this Act, including
any power, duty or function that involves the Minister forming an
opinion or belief.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any power or duty to make
regulations.
1994 cM-26.1 s578

Fees

579(1) The Minister may charge fees in connection with any
service, program or other thing done by or under the authority of
the Minister under this Act or the regulations.
(2) A person who receives a service, program or other thing done
by or under the authority of the Minister is liable to pay the fee
established under subsection (1) to the Government of Alberta and
the fee may be collected by civil action for debt in a court of
competent jurisdiction.
1994 cM-26.1 s579

Minister’s decisions

579.1(1) An applicant seeking injunctive relief from a court
against any order, decision or direction of the Minister under this
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Part must give the Minister at least 10 days’ notice of the
application.
(2) An order, decision or direction of the Minister under this Part
is not stayed by an application for judicial review but remains in
effect pending the court’s decision on the judicial review
application.
2017 c13 s1(50)

Regulations

580 The Minister may make regulations requiring a municipality
to publish in a specified manner any information respecting the
municipality that is specified in the regulations.
1994 cM-26.1 s580

Part 15
Improvement Districts
Formation order

581 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation
of the Minister, may by order form an improvement district.
1994 cM-26.1 s581

Contents of order

582 The formation order must
(a) describe the boundaries of the improvement district, and
(b) give the improvement district an official name.
1994 cM-26.1 s582

Changes to improvement districts

583(1) The Minister may by order
(a) amalgamate 2 or more improvement districts;
(b) divide an improvement district into 2 or more
improvement districts;
(c) annex land from an improvement district to another
improvement district;
(d) change the name of an improvement district;
(e) establish industrial improvement areas within
improvement districts;
(f) dissolve an improvement district.
(2) An order under this section may contain terms and conditions
and provisions dealing with transitional matters that the Minister
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considers to be appropriate that operate despite this or any other
enactment.
1994 cM-26.1 s583

Orders published

584 An order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council under
section 581 and the Minister under section 583 must be published
in The Alberta Gazette.
1994 cM-26.1 s584

Regulations Act

585 The Regulations Act does not apply to an order of the
Lieutenant Governor in Council under section 581 or to an order of
the Minister under this Part.
1994 cM-26.1 s585

Application of other enactments

586 The Minister may by order
(a) provide that provisions of this or any other enactment do
not apply to an improvement district,
(b) provide that provisions of this or any other enactment
apply to an improvement district with or without
modifications, and
(c) specify provisions that are to be added to or replace the
provisions of this or any other enactment in respect of an
improvement district.
1994 cM-26.1 s586

General power of Minister

587 The Minister may by order do anything in respect of an
improvement district that a council of a municipality may do under
this or another enactment.
1994 cM-26.1 s587

Council

588(1) The Minister may establish a council for an improvement
district.
(2) Unless subsection (3) applies, a council is composed of one or
more councillors appointed by the Minister.
(3) The Minister may by order
(a) direct that some or all of the councillors are to be elected,
(b) establish wards for the elected councillors, and

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(c) provide for any matter dealing with the transition from an
appointed council to a council with some or all elected
members.
(4) If the Minister orders that some or all of the councillors are to
be elected, the Local Authorities Election Act applies to the election
as modified by directions given by the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s588

Expense allowance

588.1(1) In this section, “remuneration” includes salaries,
indemnities, honorariums and allowances.
(2) One third of the remuneration paid in 1999 and later years from
the trust account established for an improvement district to an
elected councillor of the improvement district is deemed to be an
allowance for expenses that are incidental to the discharge of the
councillor’s duties.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to an elected councillor’s
remuneration paid in a year if there is in force during all or any part
of that year an order of the Minister establishing that a portion
other than 1/3 of the councillor’s remuneration is an allowance for
expenses that are incidental to the discharge of the councillor’s
duties.
1999 c32 s14

Delegation by Minister

589(1) The Minister may, in writing, delegate to any person or to
a council of an improvement district any of the powers, duties and
functions of the Minister under this or any other enactment relating
to an improvement district, including the powers, duties and
functions of being a trustee under section 595.
(2) The Minister may not delegate the power or duty to make a
regulation as defined in the Regulations Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s589

Hamlets

590(1) The Minister may designate an unincorporated community
that is within the boundaries of an improvement district to be a
hamlet.
(2) The designation of a hamlet must specify the hamlet’s name
and boundaries.
1994 cM-26.1 s590

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Employees

591 In accordance with the Public Service Act, there may be
appointed any person necessary for the administration of an
improvement district.
1994 cM-26.1 s591

Roads

592(1) The Minister of Transportation and the Minister
responsible for this Act may enter into an agreement providing that
all or part of the direction, control and management of roads within
an improvement district is transferred to the Minister responsible
for this Act.
(2) An agreement under subsection (1) may provide for the
payment of costs with respect to roads within the improvement
district.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s592;2013 c10 s21

Estimate of expenditures

593 Before January 1 in each year, every Minister charged with
the duty of expending any part of the taxes collected in an
improvement district must send to the Minister responsible for this
Act a statement, with reference to each improvement district, of the
estimated amount required to be expended by the expending
Minister in each improvement district during the current year.
1994 cM-26.1 s593

Machinery and equipment and designated industrial property

594(1) The definitions of “designated industrial property” and
“machinery and equipment” in Part 9 apply to this section.
(2) The Minister may by order impose, in addition to any other
taxes imposed under Part 10, an additional tax on machinery and
equipment and designated industrial property located in an
industrial improvement area.
(3) The provisions in Parts 9 to 12 relating to machinery and
equipment and designated industrial property apply to the
additional tax imposed under this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s594;2016 c24 s135

Trust account for revenue

595 The taxes and all other revenues collected on behalf of an
improvement district must be deposited in a treasury branch, bank
or other similar institution to be held in trust by the Minister.
1994 cM-26.1 s595

Expenditures

596(1) The taxes and all other revenues collected on behalf of an
improvement district may be expended under the direction of the
Minister
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(a) to meet the requirements of the improvement district,
(b) to pay requisitions made under the School Act, the
Hospitals Act and the Regional Health Authorities Act,
(c) to pay the estimated amounts referred to in section 593 or
an equally proportionate part of those amounts if the taxes
and revenues collected on behalf of the improvement
district are not sufficient to cover all of the improvement
district’s expenditures, or
(d) to pay to other municipalities any portion of the taxes
levied and collected that the Minister may by order
determine.
(2) The expenses incidental to the assessment and collection of
taxes on behalf of an improvement district and any other necessary
expenses in connection with the administration of affairs in an
improvement district are a first charge on the taxes and other
revenue collected on behalf of the district.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s596;2017 c13 s1(51)

Public accounts

597 The details of expenditures for an improvement district must
be published in the public accounts annually submitted to the
Legislative Assembly.
1994 cM-26.1 s597

Settlement of accounts

598 If the Minister considers it equitable, the Minister may settle
in whole or in part any amounts owing to the Crown or to the
Minister under this Act or any other Act relating to an
improvement district for rentals, fees or other charges, other than
taxes imposed under Part 10.
1994 cM-26.1 s598

Investments

599 With the consent of the President of Treasury Board and
Minister of Finance, the Minister may invest any taxes or revenue
collected on behalf of an improvement district in investments that
the President of Treasury Board and Minister of Finance is
authorized to invest in under section 43(1) of the Financial
Administration Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s599;2006 c23 s57;2013 c10 s21

Borrowing

600 The Minister may borrow on the security of the taxes and
other revenues of an improvement district any sums required to
meet the requirements of the district under this or any other
enactment.
1994 cM-26.1 s600

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Acquisition of land

601 The Minister may purchase, expropriate or otherwise acquire
land required for or in connection with the administration of an
improvement district or for the purposes of an agreement entered
into under section 602 and the Minister may encumber, lease or
otherwise dispose of the land as the circumstances require.
1994 cM-26.1 s601

Agreements for services

602 The Minister may enter into agreements with the
Government of Canada or its agencies or with any other public
body or person for the purpose of obtaining any service, benefit or
other advantages for the whole or part of an improvement district
or for its residents.
1994 cM-26.1 s602

Part 15.1
Regional Services Commissions
Interpretation

602.01(1) In this Part,
(a) “board” means the board of directors of a commission;
(b) “borrowing” means a borrowing within the meaning of
that term under section 241;
(c) “capital property” means capital property within the
meaning of that term under section 241;
(d) “commission” means a regional services commission;
(e) “member” means, in respect of a commission, a municipal
authority that is a member of the commission;
(f) “municipal authority” means a municipal authority as
defined in section 1(1)(p), and includes a Metis
settlement, an Indian reserve and an armed forces base;
(g) “public utility” means a public utility as defined in section
1(1)(y), excluding public transportation operated by or on
behalf of a municipality;
(h) “service” means, in respect of a commission, a service
that the regulations authorize the commission to provide;
(i) “transportation service” means a service to transport
people or goods by vehicle, including a vehicle that runs
on rails.

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(2) A reference to a bylaw or resolution in this Act outside this
Part does not include a bylaw or resolution passed by a
commission.
1995 c24 s86

Division 1
Establishment and Operation
Establishing commissions

602.02(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the
recommendation of the Minister, may establish regional services
commissions by regulation.
(2) The regulation establishing a commission must
(a) specify the commission’s name;
(b) identify the municipal authorities that are the members of
the commission;
(c) include provisions respecting the services that a
commission is authorized to provide.
(3) The regulation establishing a commission may
(a) regulate the disposal of assets by the commission, and
(b) deal with any matter respecting the establishment or
operation of the commission.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.02;2016 c24 s88

Compliance with ALSA regional plans

602.021 In carrying out its functions and in exercising its
jurisdiction under this Act and other enactments, a commission
must act in accordance with any applicable ALSA regional plan.
2009 cA-26.8 s83

Corporation

602.03 A commission is a corporation.
1995 c24 s86

Board of directors

602.04(1) A commission is governed by a board of directors.
(2) When a commission is established, the Minister must
(a) appoint the first board of directors of the commission and
fix their term of office, and
(b) designate one of the directors as the chair.

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(3) After the term of the directors appointed under subsection (2)
expires,
(a) the directors are to be appointed and the commission’s
chair designated in accordance with the commission’s
bylaws,
(b) only the council of a municipality may appoint a director
who represents a municipality, and
(c) a director who represents a municipality must be a
councillor of the municipality.
(4) A commission’s bylaws may provide for the appointment of
directors who are directors at large and who do not represent a
member of the commission.
(5) If a council or other person who is entitled to appoint a director
refuses to make the appointment or does not make the appointment
within a reasonable time, the Minister may make the appointment
on behalf of the council or other person.
(6) A commission must provide the Minister with the name of
each director and alternate director, if any, and its chair.
1995 c24 s86

Directors representing Province

602.05(1) If, in the Minister’s opinion, a service that a
commission is authorized to provide is a service that is provided by
the Government of Alberta or that may affect a service provided by
the Government of Alberta, the Minister may, despite the
commission’s bylaws, appoint up to 2 directors of the commission.
(2) A director appointed under this section has the powers, duties
and functions of a director appointed in accordance with the
commission’s bylaws.
1995 c24 s86

Delegation

602.06(1) Subject to subsection (2), a board may delegate any of
its or the commission’s powers, duties or functions under this or
any other enactment.
(2) A board may not delegate
(a) the power or duty to pass bylaws;
(b) the power to expropriate;
(c) the power to authorize a borrowing;
(d) the power to adopt budgets;
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(e) the power to approve financial statements.
1995 c24 s86

Bylaws

602.07(1) The board of a commission must pass bylaws
(a) respecting the appointment of its directors and the
designation of its chair;
(b) governing the fees to be charged by the commission for
services provided to its customers or to any class of its
customers.
(2) A bylaw passed under subsection (1)(a) does not come into
force until it has been approved by the Minister.
(3) The board of a commission may pass bylaws
(a) respecting the provision of the commission’s services;
(b) governing the administration of the commission.
(4) The bylaws of a commission are subject to the regulations.
(5) The Regulations Act does not apply to the bylaws of a
commission.
1995 c24 s86

Meetings

602.08(1) Boards and board committees must conduct their
meetings in public unless subsection (2) or (2.1) applies.
(2) Boards and board committees may close all or part of their
meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed is within one of
the exceptions to disclosure in Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom
of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
(2.1) Boards and board committees may close all or part of their
meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed is of a class
prescribed or otherwise described in the regulations under
subsection (7).
(3) When a meeting is closed to the public, no resolution or bylaw
may be passed at the meeting, except a resolution to revert to a
meeting held in public.
(4) Before closing all or any part of a meeting to the public, a
board or board committee must by resolution approve
(a) the part of the meeting that is to be closed, and

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(b) the basis on which, under an exception to disclosure in
Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act or under the regulations under
subsection (7), the part of the meeting is to be closed.
(5) After the closed meeting discussions are completed, any
members of the public who are present outside the meeting room
must be notified that the rest of the meeting is now open to the
public, and a reasonable amount of time must be given for those
members of the public to return to the meeting before it continues.
(6) Where a board or board committee closes all or part of a
meeting to the public, the board or committee may allow one or
more other persons to attend, as it considers appropriate, and the
minutes of the meeting must record the names of those persons and
the reasons for allowing them to attend.
(7) The Minister may make regulations prescribing or otherwise
describing classes of matters for the purposes of subsection (2.1).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.08;2015 c8 s55

Control of profit corporations

602.09 Section 73 does not apply to a commission.
1995 c24 s86

Division 2
Powers
Natural person powers

602.1 A commission has natural person powers, except to the
extent that they are limited by this or any other enactment.
1995 c24 s86

Service area

602.11 A commission may provide its services
(a) within the boundaries of its members, and
(b) outside the boundaries of its members with the approval
of the Minister and
(i) the municipal authority within whose boundaries the
services are to be provided, and
(ii) in the case of services to be provided in a part of a
province or territory adjoining Alberta, the authority
from that province or territory whose jurisdiction
includes the provision of the services in that part of
the province or territory.
1995 c24 s86;1999 c11 s39

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Traffic Safety Act

602.12 A commission that is authorized to provide transportation
services is subject to the Traffic Safety Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.12;RSA 2000 cT-6 s205

Acquisition of land in adjoining province or territory

602.125(1) A commission may acquire an estate or interest in
land in a province or territory adjoining Alberta only if the local
government within whose boundaries the land is located consents
in writing to the acquisition.
(2) This section does not apply when a commission acquires an
option on land in a province or territory adjoining Alberta, but it
does apply when the commission exercises the option.
1999 c11 s40

Expropriation

602.13(1) A commission may acquire by expropriation under the
Expropriation Act an interest or estate in land for the purpose of
providing a public utility or a transportation service.
(2) A commission may acquire by expropriation an estate or
interest under subsection (1) in land that is outside the boundaries
of its members only if the municipal authority in whose boundaries
the land is located consents in writing to the acquisition.
1995 c24 s86

Public utility disputes

602.14 If there is a dispute between a commission and another
commission or a commission and any municipal authority with
respect to
(a) rates, tolls or charges for a service that is a public utility,
(b) compensation for the acquisition by the commission of
facilities used to provide a service that is a public utility,
or
(c) the commission’s use of any road, square, bridge, subway
or watercourse to provide a service that is a public utility,
any party involved in the dispute may submit it to the Alberta
Utilities Commission and the Alberta Utilities Commission may
issue an order on any terms and conditions that the Alberta Utilities
Commission considers appropriate.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.14; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Other disputes

602.15(1) If

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(a) there is a dispute between a commission and another
commission or a commission and any municipal authority
and the matter in dispute is not under the jurisdiction of
the Alberta Utilities Commission or the Alberta
Transportation Safety Board or any other board or tribunal
created by an enactment, or
(b) there is a dispute between a commission and a municipal
authority, other than an improvement district or special
area, in respect of an expropriation that requires the
municipal authority’s consent under section 602.13(2),
any party involved in the dispute may submit it to the Municipal
Government Board.
(2) If a dispute is submitted to the Municipal Government Board,
each party involved in the dispute must submit a written statement
to the Board and to the other parties involved in the dispute that
sets out
(a) a summary of the facts and its position in the dispute, and
(b) an address to which any notice or decision of the Board is
to be sent.
(3) The Municipal Government Board must hold a hearing after
the written statements have been submitted or after a time period
established by the Board for submission of the statements has
expired, whichever occurs first.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.15;RSA 2000 cT-6 s205; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17)

Order

602.16(1) On concluding a hearing, the Municipal Government
Board may make any order it considers appropriate.
(2) The order may
(a) include terms and conditions, and
(b) be effective on a future date or for a limited time.
(3) The Board must send its order, and its reasons if requested, to
the parties involved in the dispute.
(4) An order of the Municipal Government Board under this
section is binding on the parties involved in the dispute.
1995 c24 s86

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Division 3
Financial Matters
Payments to board

602.17(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may pay to the
board of a commission an amount that will enable the board to
meet the authorized operating and capital expenditures that the
Lieutenant Governor in Council considers to be required for
development and operation of the services and facilities of the
commission.
(2) The sums under subsection (1) may be paid
(a) by grant,
(b) by advance or loan, or
(c) by the purchase of securities under a borrowing made by
the commission.
(3) Any sum advanced or loaned under this section is a debt due
by the commission to the Crown in right of Alberta and may be
collected by civil action for debt in a court of competent
jurisdiction.
(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may specify the terms of
repayment or retirement of advances or loans made under this
section.
1995 c24 s86

Financial year

602.18 The financial year of a commission is the calendar year.
1995 c24 s86

Operating budget

602.19 A commission must adopt an operating budget for each
calendar year.
1995 c24 s86

Contents of operating budget

602.2(1) An operating budget must include the estimated amount
of each of the following expenditures and transfers:
(a) the amount needed to enable the commission to provide
its services;
(b) the amount needed to pay the debt obligations in respect
of borrowings made to acquire, construct, remove or
improve capital property;

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(c) if necessary, the amount needed to provide for a
depreciation or depletion allowance, or both, for any
public utility it is authorized to provide;
(d) the amount to be transferred to reserves;
(e) the amount to be transferred to the capital budget;
(f) the amount needed to cover any deficiency as required
under section 602.21.
(2) An operating budget must include the estimated amount of
each of the following sources of revenue and transfers:
(a) fees for services provided;
(b) grants;
(c) transfers from the commission’s accumulated surplus
funds or reserves;
(d) any other source of revenue.
(3) The estimated revenue and transfers under subsection (2) must
be at least sufficient to pay the estimated expenditures and transfers
under subsection (1).
(4) The Minister may make regulations respecting budgets and that
define terms used in this section that are not defined in section
602.01.
1995 c24 s86

Deficiency

602.21(1) If the total revenues and transfers of a commission over
a 3-year period are less than the total expenditures and transfers of
the commission for the same period, the operating budget for the
commission for the year following the 3-year period must include
an expenditure to cover the deficiency.
(2) If a commission has a deficiency referred to in subsection (1),
the commission may, with the Minister’s approval, spread the
expenditures to cover the deficiency over more than one calendar
year.
(3) If the Minister considers it to be necessary, the Minister may
establish the budget for a commission that has a deficiency referred
to in subsection (1) for a calendar year, and the budget
(a) is for all purposes the commission’s budget for that
calendar year, and

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(b) may not be amended or replaced by the commission’s
board.
1995 c24 s86

Capital budget

602.22 A commission must adopt a capital budget for each
calendar year.
1995 c24 s86

Contents of capital budget

602.23 A capital budget must include the following:
(a) an estimate of the amount needed to acquire, construct,
remove or improve capital property;
(b) the anticipated sources and estimated amounts of money
to pay the costs referred to in clause (a);
(c) an estimate of the amount to be transferred from the
operating budget.
1995 c24 s86

Expenditure of money

602.24(1) A commission may make an expenditure only if it is
(a) included in an operating budget or capital budget or
otherwise authorized by its board,
(b) for an emergency, or
(c) legally required to be paid.
(2) Each board must establish procedures to authorize and verify
expenditures that are not included in a budget.
(3) If the Minister establishes a budget for a commission under
section 602.21, the commission may not make an expenditure that
is not included in the budget unless the expenditure is
(a) authorized by the Minister,
(b) for an emergency, or
(c) legally required to be paid.
1995 c24 s86

Civil liability of directors

602.25(1) A director who
(a) makes an expenditure that is not authorized under section
602.24,
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(b) votes to spend money that has been obtained under a
borrowing on something that is not within the purpose for
which the money was borrowed, or
(c) votes to spend money that has been obtained under a grant
on something that is not within the purpose for which the
grant was given
is liable to the commission for the expenditure or amount spent.
(2) A director is not liable under subsection (1)(b) if spending the
money is allowed under section 602.27(2).
(3) If more than one director is liable to the commission under this
section in respect of a particular expenditure or amount spent, the
directors are jointly and severally liable to the commission for the
expenditure or amount spent.
(4) The liability may be enforced by action by
(a) the commission,
(b) a member of the commission,
(c) a taxpayer of a member of the commission, or
(d) a person who holds a security under a borrowing made by
the commission.
1995 c24 s86

Authorized investments

602.26 A commission may invest its money only in the
investments referred to in section 250(2)(a) to (d).
1995 c24 s86

Use of borrowed money

602.27(1) Money obtained by a commission under a borrowing
must be used for the purpose for which it is borrowed.
(2) Money obtained by a commission under a borrowing for the
purpose of financing a capital property may be used for an
operating purpose if the amount spent is available when it is needed
for the capital property.
1995 c24 s86

Borrowing

602.28 No commission may make a borrowing if the borrowing
will cause the commission to exceed its debt limit, unless the
borrowing is approved by the Minister.
1995 c24 s86

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Debt limit regulations

602.29(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting how a debt limit for a commission is
determined;
(b) defining debt for the purposes of determining if a
commission has exceeded its debt limit, and the definition
may include anything related to a commission’s finances.
(2) The regulations may establish different methods of determining
debt limits and different definitions of debt for different
commissions.
1995 c24 s86

Civil liability of directors

602.3(1) When a commission makes a borrowing that causes the
commission to exceed its debt limit, a director who voted to
authorize the borrowing is liable to the commission for the amount
borrowed, unless the borrowing has been approved by the Minister.
(2) If subsection (1) applies to more than one director, the directors
are jointly and severally liable to the commission for the amount
borrowed.
(3) The liability may be enforced by action by
(a) the commission,
(b) a member of the commission,
(c) a taxpayer of a member of the commission, or
(d) a person who holds a security under a borrowing made by
the commission.
1995 c24 s86

Loans and guarantees

602.31 A commission may not lend money or guarantee the
repayment of a loan.
1995 c24 s86

Financial information return

602.32(1) Each commission must prepare a financial information
return respecting the financial affairs of the commission for the
immediately preceding calendar year.

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(2) The Minister may establish requirements respecting the
financial information return, including requirements respecting the
accounting principles and standards to be used in preparing the
return.
1995 c24 s86

Audited financial statements

602.33 Each commission must prepare audited annual financial
statements for the immediately preceding calendar year.
1995 c24 s86

Distribution of returns and statements

602.34 Each commission must submit its financial information
return and audited annual financial statements to the Minister and
each member of the commission by May 1 of the year following
the year for which the return and statements have been prepared.
1995 c24 s86

Division 4
Minister’s Powers
Inspection

602.35(1) The Minister may require any matter connected with
the management, administration or operation of any commission to
be inspected
(a) on the Minister’s initiative, or
(b) on the request of a member of the commission.
(2) The Minister may appoint one or more persons as inspectors
for the purposes of carrying out inspections under this section.
(3) An inspector
(a) may require the attendance of any director or officer of
the commission or of any other person whose presence the
inspector considers necessary during the course of the
inspection, and
(b) has the same powers, privileges and immunities as a
commissioner under the Public Inquiries Act.
(4) When required to do so by an inspector, the commission must
produce for examination and inspection all books and records of
the commission.

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(5) After the completion of the inspection, the inspector must
make a report to the Minister and, if the inspection was made at the
request of a member of the commission, to the member and the
commission.
1995 c24 s86

Directions and dismissal

602.36(1) If because of an inspection under section 602.35 or a
report of an official administrator under this Division the Minister
considers that a commission is managed in an irregular, improper
or improvident manner, the Minister may by order direct the board
of the commission to take any action that the Minister considers
proper in the circumstances.
(1.1) If an order of the Minister under this section is not carried out
to the satisfaction of the Minister and the Minister considers that
the commission continues to be managed in an irregular, improper
or improvident manner, and all reasonable efforts to resolve the
situation have been attempted and have been unsuccessful, the
Minister may make one or more of the following orders:
(a) an order suspending the authority of the board to make
bylaws in respect of any matter specified in the order;
(b) an order exercising bylaw-making authority in respect of
all or any of the matters for which bylaw-making
authority is suspended under clause (a);
(c) an order removing a suspension of bylaw-making
authority, with or without conditions;
(d) an order withholding money otherwise payable by the
Government to the commission pending compliance with
an order of the Minister;
(e) an order repealing, amending and making policies and
procedures with respect to the commission;
(f) an order requiring or prohibiting any other action as
necessary to ensure an order is complied with;
(g) an order dismissing the board or any director.
(1.2) Before making an order under subsection (1.1), the Minister
must give the commission notice of the intended order and at least
14 days in which to respond.
(2) If an order of the Minister under this section is not carried out
to the satisfaction of the Minister, the Minister may dismiss the
board or any director.

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(3) On the dismissal of the board or of any director, the Minister
may direct that a new board or director be appointed or may
appoint a new board or director.
(4) The Minister may appoint an official administrator
(a) on the dismissal of a board, or
(b) on the dismissal of one or more directors if the remaining
directors do not constitute a quorum.
(5) An official administrator appointed under subsection (4) has all
the powers and duties of the board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s602.36;2017 c13 s1(52)

Official administrator as supervisor

602.37(1) The Minister may at any time appoint an official
administrator to supervise a commission and its board.
(2) So long as the appointment of an official administrator under
this section continues,
(a) no bylaw or resolution that authorizes the commission to
incur a liability or to dispose of its money or property has
any effect until the bylaw or resolution has been approved
in writing by the official administrator, and
(b) the official administrator may at any time within 30 days
after the passing of any bylaw or resolution disallow it,
and the bylaw or resolution so disallowed becomes and is
deemed to have always been void.
1995 c24 s86

Reports of official administrators

602.371 An official administrator appointed under this Division
shall on request of the Minister, and may at any other time, report
to the Minister on any matter respecting
(a) the commission or its board or administration, or
(b) any matter respecting the provision of services by the
commission.
2017 c13 s1(53)

Enforcement where regional services
commission under supervision

602.372(1) If the Minister considers that a commission has, while
under the supervision of an official administrator,

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(a) incurred a liability or disposed of money or property
without the written approval of the official administrator
required by section 602.37(2)(a), or
(b) acted on a bylaw or resolution that has been disallowed by
the official administrator under section 602.37(2)(b),
the Minister may take any necessary measures to address the
situation, including, without limitation, making one or more orders
referred to in section 602.36(1.1)(a) to (g).
(2) Before making an order under subsection (1), the Minister
must give the commission notice of the intended order and at least
14 days in which to respond.
2017 c13 s1(53)

Remuneration for official administrator

602.38 When an official administrator is appointed for a
commission by the Minister under this Part, the remuneration and
expenses of the official administrator as set by the Minister must, if
required by the Minister, be paid by the commission.
1995 c24 s86

Providing Minister with copies and information

602.381(1) The Minister may direct a commission to provide
(a) a copy of any document in its possession, or
(b) any information or statistics respecting the commission,
to the Minister within the time specified by the Minister.
(2) A commission must comply with a direction of the Minister
under this section and provide the copy, information or statistics to
the Minister without charge.
(3) This section does not apply to documents prepared or
information acquired by a commission that is subject to any type of
legal privilege, including solicitor-client privilege.
1998 c24 s56

Application of provisions outside this Part

602.39 The Minister may by regulation make provisions of this
Act, other than provisions in this Part, applicable with or without
modification to one or more commissions.
1995 c24 s86

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Disestablishing a commission

602.4 The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the
recommendation of the Minister, may make regulations
disestablishing a commission and respecting its winding-up.
1995 c24 s86

Division 5
Transitional

602.41 to 602.49 Repealed by Revision.

Transitional regulations

602.5 The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the conversion to this Part of anything from the
Regional Municipal Services Act, SA 1981 cR-9.1;
(b) to deal with any difficulty or impossibility resulting from
this Part or the transition to this Part from the Regional
Municipal Services Act, SA 1981 cR-9.1.
1995 c24 s86

Part 16
Miscellaneous
Lieutenant Governor in Council regulations

603(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) for any matter that the Minister considers is not provided
for or is insufficiently provided for in this Act;
(b) restricting the power or duty of a council to pass bylaws.
(2) A regulation made under subsection (1) is repealed on the
earliest of
(a) the coming into force of an amendment that adds the
matter to this Act;
(b) the coming into force of a regulation that repeals the
regulation made under subsection (1);
(c) two years after the regulation comes into force.
(3) The repeal of a regulation under subsection (2)(b) or (c) does
not affect anything done, incurred or acquired under the authority
of the regulation before the repeal of the regulation.
1994 cM-26.1 s603

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Validation of regulations

603.1(1) Despite any decision of a court to the contrary made
before or after the coming into force of this section,
(a) a regulation made under section 603(1) before the coming
into force of this section, including a new regulation
described in clause (c), is validated and declared for all
purposes to have been validly made as of the date on
which the regulation was made,
(b) everything done under a regulation referred to in clause
(a) is validated and declared for all purposes to have been
validly done, and
(c) where a regulation made under section 603(1) before the
coming into force of this section (in this clause called the
“former regulation”) is repealed and another regulation
made under section 603(1) (in this clause called the “new
regulation”) was substituted for it, the new regulation
operates as a continuation of the former regulation except
to the extent that the provisions of the new regulation are
not in substance the same as those of the former
regulation.
(2) For greater certainty and without limiting the generality of
subsection (1)(b) and (c),
(a) the Minister’s approval of the Capital Region Growth
Plan under section 13(1) of the Capital Region Board
Regulation (AR 49/2008)
(i) is validated and declared for all purposes to have
been validly approved, and
(ii) continues to be valid as if it had been approved under
section 13(1) of the Capital Region Board
Regulation (AR 38/2012),
(b) the Minister’s establishment of the Transitional Regional
Evaluation Framework under section 20 of the Capital
Region Board Regulation (AR 49/2008) is validated and
declared for all purposes to have been validly established,
and
(c) the Minister’s establishment of the Regional Evaluation
Framework under section 21 of the Capital Region Board
Regulation (AR 17/2010)
(i) is validated and declared for all purposes to have
been validly established, and

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(ii) continues to be valid as if it had been established
under section 21 of the Capital Region Board
Regulation (AR 38/2012).
(3) Despite section 603(2), a regulation referred to in subsection
(1) of this section that is in force on the coming into force of this
section is repealed on the earliest of
(a) the coming into force of an amendment that adds the
matter to this Act;
(b) the coming into force of a regulation that repeals the
regulation;
(c) subject to subsection (3.1), June 30, 2017.
(3.1) For the purposes of the following regulations, subsection
(3)(c) shall be read as June 30, 2018:
(a) Alberta Central East Water Corporation Regulation
(AR 137/2013);
(b) Aquatera Utilities Inc. Regulation (AR 205/2013);
(c) Aqueduct Utilities Corporation Regulation (AR 92/2012);
(d) Chestermere Utilities Incorporated Regulation
(AR 163/2013);
(e) Extension of Linear Property Regulation (AR 207/2012);
(f) NEW water Ltd. Regulation (AR 159/2012);
(g) Newell Regional Services Corporation Regulation
(AR 153/2012);
(h) Peace Regional Waste Management Company Regulation
(AR 41/2011).
(4) Subsection (3) does not apply to the following regulations:
(a) Proceedings Before the Board Clarification Regulation
(AR 176/2011);
(b) Equalized Assessment Variance Regulation, 2012
(AR 195/2011);
(c) Capital Region Board Regulation (AR 38/2012);
(d) Municipal Emergency Exemption Regulation
(AR 142/2013).
2013 c17 s4;2017 c13 s1(54)

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Ministerial regulations

604 The Minister may make regulations
(a) defining population for the purposes of this Act;
(b) respecting the determination of the population of a
municipality or other geographic area and establishing
requirements for a municipality to conduct a census and
provide information concerning population to the
Minister;
(c) respecting the administration, operation and management
of specialized municipalities;
(d) prescribing forms for the purposes of this Act;
(e) respecting the content or form of anything required to be
done by a municipality under this Act.
1994 cM-26.1 s604

Altering dates and time periods

605(1) When this Act, the regulations or a bylaw specifies a
certain number of days or a day on or by which
(a) something is to be done, or
(b) certain proceedings are to be taken,
and the day that the thing is to be done or proceedings are to be
taken is a holiday, the thing or proceedings must be done or taken
on or by the next day that is not a holiday.
(2) When this Act or the regulations specify a certain number of
days or a day on or by which
(a) something is to be done, or
(b) proceedings are to be taken,
the Minister may by order specify another number of days or
another day for doing it or taking proceedings.
(3) An order under subsection (2) may be made at any time before
or after the day that the thing is to be done or proceedings are to be
taken and the time for doing any other thing that is determined in
relation to that day is subject to a like delay.
(4) Anything done or proceedings taken within the number of days
or by the day specified in an order under subsection (2) is as valid
as if it had been done or taken within the number of days or by the
day specified in this Act or the regulations.
1994 cM-26.1 s605

351

Section 606

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Requirements for advertising

606(1) The requirements of this section apply when this or another
enactment requires a bylaw, resolution, meeting, public hearing or
something else to be advertised by a municipality, unless this or
another enactment specifies otherwise.
(2) Notice of the bylaw, resolution, meeting, public hearing or
other thing must be
(a) published at least once a week for 2 consecutive weeks in
at least one newspaper or other publication circulating in
the area to which the proposed bylaw, resolution or other
thing relates, or in which the meeting or hearing is to be
held,
(b) mailed or delivered to every residence in the area to which
the proposed bylaw, resolution or other thing relates, or in
which the meeting or hearing is to be held, or
(c) given by a method provided for in a bylaw under section
606.1.
(3) A notice of a proposed bylaw must be advertised under
subsection (2) before second reading.
(4) A notice of a proposed resolution must be advertised under
subsection (2) before it is voted on by council.
(5) A notice of a meeting, public hearing or other thing must be
advertised under subsection (2) at least 5 days before the meeting,
public hearing or thing occurs.
(6) A notice must contain
(a) a statement of the general purpose of the proposed bylaw,
resolution, meeting, public hearing or other thing,
(b) the address where a copy of the proposed bylaw,
resolution or other thing, and any document relating to it
or to the meeting or public hearing may be inspected,
(c) in the case of a bylaw or resolution, an outline of the
procedure to be followed by anyone wishing to file a
petition in respect of it, and
(d) in the case of a meeting or public hearing, the date, time
and place where it will be held.
(7) A certificate of a designated officer certifying that something
has been advertised in accordance with this section is proof, in the

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Chapter M-26

absence of evidence to the contrary, of the matters set out in the
certificate.
(8) The certificate is admissible in evidence without proof of the
appointment or signature of the person who signed the certificate.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s606;2015 c8 s56;2017 c13 s3

Advertisement bylaw

606.1(1) A council may by bylaw provide for one or more
methods, which may include electronic means, for advertising
proposed bylaws, resolutions, meetings, public hearings and other
things referred to in section 606.
(2) Before making a bylaw under subsection (1), council must be
satisfied that the method the bylaw would provide for is likely to
bring proposed bylaws, resolutions, meetings, public hearings and
other things advertised by that method to the attention of
substantially all residents in the area to which the bylaw, resolution
or other thing relates or in which the meeting or hearing is to be
held.
(3) Council must conduct a public hearing before making a bylaw
under subsection (1).
(4) A notice of a bylaw proposed to be made under subsection (1)
must be advertised in a manner described in section 606(2)(a) or
(b) or by a method provided for in a bylaw made under this section.
(5) A notice of a bylaw proposed to be made under subsection (1)
must contain
(a) a statement of the general purpose of the proposed bylaw,
(b) the address or website where a copy of the proposed
bylaw may be examined, and
(c) an outline of the procedure to be followed by anyone
wishing to file a petition in respect of the proposed bylaw.
(6) A bylaw passed under this section must be made available for
public inspection.
2015 c8 s57;2017 c13 s3

Service of documents

607 The service of a document on a municipality is sufficient if
(a) the document is served personally on the chief
administrative officer or a person working for the
municipality in the office of the chief administrative
officer,

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Chapter M-26

(b) the document is sent by certified or registered mail to the
chief administrative officer at the municipality’s office
and the document is delivered to the municipality’s office,
or
(c) the document is sent to the municipality by electronic
means in accordance with a bylaw made by the
municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s607;2015 c8 s58

Sending documents

608(1) Where this Act or a regulation or bylaw made under this
Act requires a document to be sent to a person, the document may
be sent by electronic means if
(a) the recipient has consented to receive documents from the
sender by those electronic means and has provided an
e-mail address, website or other electronic address to the
sender for that purpose, and
(b) it is possible to make a copy of the document from the
electronic transmission.
(2) In the absence of evidence to the contrary, a document sent by
electronic means in accordance with subsection (1) is presumed to
have been received 7 days after it was sent unless the regulations
under subsection (4) provide otherwise.
(3) For greater certainty, a reference in this Act to a mailing
address is to be interpreted as including an electronic address
referred to in subsection (1)(a) if the requirements of subsection (1)
are met.
(4) The Minister may make regulations respecting the
circumstances in which the presumption in subsection (2) does not
apply.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s608;2016 c24 s90

Adverse possession of land

609 No person can acquire an estate or interest in land owned by
a municipality by adverse or unauthorized possession, occupation,
enjoyment or use of the land.
1994 cM-26.1 s609

Lost or unclaimed property

610(1) Lost or unclaimed property coming into the possession of a
municipality must be retained for at least 30 days from the date it
comes into possession of the municipality unless it is unsafe,
unsanitary or perishable, in which case it may be disposed of at any
time.
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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) If property is not claimed within 30 days, it becomes the
property of the municipality and the municipality may dispose of
the property by public auction or as the council directs.
(3) The purchaser of lost or unclaimed property is the absolute
owner of it.
(4) A prior owner of lost or unclaimed property is entitled to the
proceeds of the sale less all expenses incurred by the municipality
if the prior owner makes a claim to the municipality within 90 days
after the date of the sale.
(5) If the sale proceeds are not claimed within 90 days from the
date of sale, the rights of any prior owner to the sale proceeds are
extinguished and the sale proceeds belong to the municipality.
1994 cM-26.1 s610

Unclaimed utility deposits

611(1) If money is deposited with a municipality as a deposit for
the payment of an account for a service or product and remains
unclaimed for one year after the depositor’s account is
discontinued, the amount of the deposit may be transferred to the
general revenue of the municipality.
(2) The municipality is liable to repay the amount of the deposit to
the person lawfully entitled to it for a period of 7 years following
the discontinuance of the account.
1994 cM-26.1 s611

Certified copies

612(1) A copy of a bylaw, resolution or record of a municipality
certified by a designated officer as a true copy of the original is
proof, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, of the bylaw,
resolution or record.
(2) The certificate of the designated officer is admissible in
evidence without proof of the appointment or signature of the
person who signed the certificate.
(3) When a copy of a bylaw or resolution certified in accordance
with this section is filed with the clerk of a court, the court must
take judicial notice of it when an action is brought in the court.
1994 cM-26.1 s612

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Section 613

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Calgary Charter

613 The provisions of the Calgary Charter relating to the land,
buildings, plants and equipment of the water supply and
distribution system commonly known as the Glenmore Dam, and
the provisions of the Calgary Charter relating in particular to the
assessment and taxation of it by the Municipal District of
Springbank, continue to apply.
1994 cM-26.1 s613

614 Repealed 1994 cR-9.07 s25(24).
Crowsnest Pass

615(1) In this section, “Crowsnest Pass” means the Municipality
of Crowsnest Pass.
(2) The Minister may make regulations that apply to Crowsnest
Pass respecting the following matters:
(a) the eligibility of Crowsnest Pass to receive grants under
this or another enactment and the calculation of those
grants;
(b) the authority to pass bylaws respecting fires, agreements
for the prevention and control of fires and the application
of the Forest and Prairie Protection Act;
(c) a scheme to adjust property boundaries so that property
boundaries coincide with lines of occupation, including
(i) the application of Part 17,
(ii) road closures,
(iii) the duties of the Registrar of Land Titles,
(iv) the rights of property owners affected by the scheme,
and
(v) any other matter the Minister considers necessary to
implement the scheme.
1994 cM-26.1 s615;1995 c24 s87

Municipal emergency exemption

615.1(1) In this section,
(a) “disaster” means a disaster as defined in section 1(e) of
the Emergency Management Act;
(b) “emergency” means an emergency as defined in section
1(f) of the Emergency Management Act.
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Chapter M-26

(2) Where it appears to the Minister that a disaster or an
emergency exists in a municipal authority, the Minister may by
order, with respect to that municipal authority or an adjacent
municipal authority,
(a) modify one or more provisions of this Act as they apply to
the municipal authority,
(b) exempt the municipal authority from one or more
provisions of this Act or bylaws made pursuant to this
Act, or
(c) provide the municipal authority with specified authority in
addition to that set out in this Act.
(3) The Minister may, in an order made under subsection (2),
(a) impose terms, conditions and timelines on the
modification or exemption of a provision of this Act or a
bylaw or the exercise of additional authority, and
(b) specify a date on which the order or any provision of it
expires.
(4) The Regulations Act does not apply to an order made under
subsection (2).
2013 c21 s2

Agreements under Aeronautics Act (Canada)

615.2(1) A municipality may, if authorized by regulation, enter
into an agreement under section 5.81 of the Aeronautics Act
(Canada).
(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) authorizing a municipality to enter into an agreement
under section 5.81 of the Aeronautics Act (Canada);
(b) specifying the terms and conditions under which a
municipality may enter into the agreement.
(3) The Aeronautics Act Agreements (City of Medicine Hat and
Cypress County) Regulation (AR 33/2014) is deemed to have been
made under this section.
2015 c8 s60

Part 17
Planning and Development
Definitions

616 In this Part,
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Section 616

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Chapter M-26

(a) “agricultural operation” means an agricultural operation
as defined in the Agricultural Operation Practices Act;
(a.1) “building” includes anything constructed or placed on, in,
over or under land, but does not include a highway or road
or a bridge that forms part of a highway or road;
(a.11) “community recreation facilities” means indoor municipal
facilities used primarily by members of the public to
participate in recreational activities conducted at the
facilities;
(a.2) “community services reserve” means the land designated
as community services reserve under Division 9;
(a.3) “conservation reserve” means the land designated as
conservation reserve under Division 8;
(b) “development” means
(i) an excavation or stockpile and the creation of either
of them,
(ii) a building or an addition to or replacement or repair
of a building and the construction or placing of any
of them on, in, over or under land,
(iii) a change of use of land or a building or an act done
in relation to land or a building that results in or is
likely to result in a change in the use of the land or
building, or
(iv) a change in the intensity of use of land or a building
or an act done in relation to land or a building that
results in or is likely to result in a change in the
intensity of use of the land or building;
(c) “development authority” means a development authority
established pursuant to Division 3;
(d) “development permit” means a document that is issued
under a land use bylaw and authorizes a development;
(e) “environmental reserve” means the land designated as
environmental reserve under Division 8;
(f) “environmental reserve easement” means an easement
created under Division 8;
(g) “former Act” means the Planning Act, RSA 1980 cP-9,
The Planning Act, 1977, SA 1977 c89, The Planning Act,
RSA 1970 c276 or The Planning Act, SA 1963 c43;
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(h) “highway” means a provincial highway under the
Highways Development and Protection Act;
(i) “instrument” means a plan of subdivision and an
instrument as defined in the Land Titles Act;
(j) “intermunicipal service agency” means an intermunicipal
service agency established under Division 3;
(k) “land use bylaw” means a bylaw made under Division 5
and a bylaw made under section 27 of the Historical
Resources Act;
(l) “land use policies” means the policies referred to in
section 622;
(m) “lot” means
(i) a quarter section,
(ii) a river lot shown on an official plan, as defined in the
Surveys Act, that is filed or lodged in a land titles
office,
(iii) a settlement lot shown on an official plan, as defined
in the Surveys Act, that is filed or lodged in a land
titles office,
(iv) a part of a parcel of land described in a certificate of
title if the boundaries of the part are described in the
certificate of title other than by reference to a legal
subdivision, or
(v) a part of a parcel of land described in a certificate of
title if the boundaries of the part are described in a
certificate of title by reference to a plan of
subdivision;
(m.1) “mediation” means a process involving a neutral person as
a mediator who assists the parties to a matter that may be
appealed under this Part and any other person brought in
with the agreement of the parties to reach their own
mutually acceptable settlement of the matter by
structuring negotiations, facilitating communication and
identifying the issues and interests of the parties;
(n) “municipal planning commission” means a municipal
planning commission established under Division 3;
(o) “municipal reserve” means the land designated as
municipal reserve under Division 8;
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Chapter M-26

(p) “municipal and school reserve” means the land designated
as municipal and school reserve under Division 8;
(q) “non-conforming building” means a building
(i) that is lawfully constructed or lawfully under
construction at the date a land use bylaw affecting
the building or the land on which the building is
situated becomes effective, and
(ii) that on the date the land use bylaw becomes effective
does not, or when constructed will not, comply with
the land use bylaw;
(r) “non-conforming use” means a lawful specific use
(i) being made of land or a building or intended to be
made of a building lawfully under construction at the
date a land use bylaw affecting the land or building
becomes effective, and
(ii) that on the date the land use bylaw becomes effective
does not, or in the case of a building under
construction will not, comply with the land use
bylaw;
(r.1) “non-profit”, in respect of a day care, senior citizens or
special needs facility, means that the facility is owned or
operated by a corporation or other entity established under
a law of Canada or Alberta for a purpose other than to
make a profit;
(s) “parcel of land” means the aggregate of the one or more
areas of land described in a certificate of title or described
in a certificate of title by reference to a plan filed or
registered in a land titles office;
(t) “Planning Act” means the Planning Act, RSA 1980 cP-9;
(u) “plan of subdivision” means a plan of survey prepared in
accordance with the Land Titles Act for the purpose of
effecting a subdivision;
(v) “public utility” means a system or works used to provide
one or more of the following for public consumption,
benefit, convenience or use:
(i) water or steam;
(ii) sewage disposal;

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(iii) public transportation operated by or on behalf of the
municipality;
(iv) irrigation;
(v) drainage;
(vi) fuel;
(vii) electric power;
(viii) heat;
(ix) waste management;
(x) telecommunications;
and includes the thing that is provided for public
consumption, benefit, convenience or use;
(w) “public utility lot” means land required to be given under
Division 8 for public utilities;
(x) “redevelopment area” means an area of land that is the
subject of an area redevelopment plan;
(y) “Registrar” means Registrar as defined in the Land Titles
Act;
(z) “reserve land” means environmental reserve, conservation
reserve, municipal reserve, community services reserve,
school reserve or municipal and school reserve;
(aa) “road” means road as defined in section 1(1), but does not
include highway as defined in this Part;
(bb) “school board” means the board of trustees of a school
district, school division or regional division;
(cc) “school reserve” means the land designated as school
reserve under Division 8;
(dd) “statutory plan” means an intermunicipal development
plan, a municipal development plan, an area structure plan
and an area redevelopment plan adopted by a municipality
under Division 4;
(ee) “subdivision” means the division of a parcel of land by an
instrument and “subdivide” has a corresponding meaning;
(ff) “subdivision authority” means a subdivision authority
established under Division 3;
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(gg) “subdivision and development appeal board” means a
subdivision and development appeal board established
under Division 3;
(hh) “subdivision and development regulations” mean
regulations made by the Lieutenant Governor in Council
under section 694(1).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s616;RSA 2000 c21(Supp) s3;
2004 cH-8.5 s69;2008 c37 s4;2016 c24 s91

Purpose of this Part

617 The purpose of this Part and the regulations and bylaws
under this Part is to provide means whereby plans and related
matters may be prepared and adopted
(a) to achieve the orderly, economical and beneficial
development, use of land and patterns of human
settlement, and
(b) to maintain and improve the quality of the physical
environment within which patterns of human settlement
are situated in Alberta,
without infringing on the rights of individuals for any public
interest except to the extent that is necessary for the overall greater
public interest.
1995 c24 s95

Non-application of this Part

618(1) This Part and the regulations and bylaws under this Part do
not apply when a development or a subdivision is effected only for
the purpose of
(a) a highway or road,
(b) a well or battery within the meaning of the Oil and Gas
Conservation Act, or
(c) a pipeline or an installation or structure incidental to the
operation of a pipeline.
(2) This Part and the regulations and bylaws under this Part do not
apply to
(a) the geographic area of a Metis settlement, or
(b) a designated area of Crown land in a municipal district or
specialized municipality.
(3) The Minister responsible for the Public Lands Act may make
regulations designating one or more areas of Crown land under that
Minister’s administration for the purposes of subsection (2)(b).
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(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may, by regulation,
exempt an action, person or thing from the application of all of or
any provision of this Part or of the regulations or bylaws under this
Part.
(5) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may include terms and
conditions in a regulation under subsection (4).
1995 c24 s95;1996 c30 s53

Exemption

618.1 This Part and the regulations and bylaws under this Part
respecting development permits do not apply to a confined feeding
operation or manure storage facility within the meaning of the
Agricultural Operation Practices Act if the confined feeding
operation or manure storage facility is the subject of an approval,
registration or authorization under Part 2 of the Agricultural
Operation Practices Act.
2001 c16 s92

Bylaws binding

618.2 No bylaw is binding in respect of a matter governed by this
Part unless that bylaw is passed in accordance with this Part.
2016 c24 s92

Division 1
Other Authorizations, Compensation
NRCB, ERCB, AEUB or AUC authorizations

619(1) A licence, permit, approval or other authorization granted
by the NRCB, ERCB, AER, AEUB or AUC prevails, in
accordance with this section, over any statutory plan, land use
bylaw, subdivision decision or development decision by a
subdivision authority, development authority, subdivision and
development appeal board, or the Municipal Government Board or
any other authorization under this Part.
(2) When an application is received by a municipality for a
statutory plan amendment, land use bylaw amendment, subdivision
approval, development permit or other authorization under this Part
and the application is consistent with a licence, permit, approval or
other authorization granted by the NRCB, ERCB, AER, AEUB or
AUC, the municipality must approve the application to the extent
that it complies with the licence, permit, approval or other
authorization granted under subsection (1).
(3) An approval of a statutory plan amendment or land use bylaw
amendment under subsection (2)

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(a) must be granted within 90 days after the application or a
longer time agreed on by the applicant and the
municipality, and
(b) is not subject to the requirements of section 692 unless, in
the opinion of the municipality, the statutory plan
amendment or land use bylaw amendment relates to
matters not included in the licence, permit, approval or
other authorization granted by the NRCB, ERCB, AER,
AEUB or AUC.
(4) If a municipality that is considering an application under
subsection (2) holds a hearing, the hearing may not address matters
already decided by the NRCB, ERCB, AER, AEUB or AUC except
as necessary to determine whether an amendment to a statutory
plan or land use bylaw is required.
(5) If a municipality does not approve an application under
subsection (2) to amend a statutory plan or land use bylaw or the
municipality does not comply with subsection (3), the applicant
may appeal to the Municipal Government Board by filing with the
Board
(a) a notice of appeal, and
(b) a statutory declaration stating why mediation was
unsuccessful or why the applicant believes that the
municipality was unwilling to attempt to use mediation.
(6) The Municipal Government Board, on receiving a notice of
appeal and statutory declaration under subsection (5),
(a) must commence a hearing within 60 days after receiving
the notice of appeal and statutory declaration and give a
written decision within 30 days after concluding the
hearing, and
(b) is not required to notify or hear from any person other
than the applicant and the municipality against whom the
appeal is launched.
(7) The Municipal Government Board, in hearing an appeal under
subsection (6), may only hear matters relating to whether the
proposed statutory plan or land use bylaw amendment is consistent
with the licence, permit, approval or other authorization granted
under subsection (1).
(8) In an appeal under this section, the Municipal Government
Board may

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(a) order the municipality to amend the statutory plan or land
use bylaw in order to comply with a licence, permit,
approval or other authorization granted by the NRCB,
ERCB, AER, AEUB or AUC, or
(b) dismiss the appeal.
(9) Section 692 does not apply when the statutory plan or land use
bylaw is amended pursuant to a decision of the Municipal
Government Board under subsection (8)(a).
(10) A decision under subsection (8) is final but may be appealed
by the applicant or the municipality in accordance with section 688.
(11) In this section, “NRCB, ERCB, AER, AEUB or AUC” means
the Natural Resources Conservation Board, Energy Resources
Conservation Board, Alberta Energy Regulator, Alberta Energy
and Utilities Board or Alberta Utilities Commission.
(12) Despite any other provision of this section, every decision
referred to or made and every instrument issued under this section
must comply with any applicable ALSA regional plan.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s619;2007 cA-37.2 s82(14);
2009 cA-26.8 s83;2012 cR-17.3 s95

Conditions prevail

620 A condition of a licence, permit, approval or other
authorization granted pursuant to an enactment by the Lieutenant
Governor in Council, a Minister, a Provincial agency or
Crown-controlled organization as defined in the Financial
Administration Act or a delegated person as defined in Schedule 10
to the Government Organization Act prevails over any condition of
a development permit that conflicts with it.
1995 c24 s95

Compensation

621(1) Except as provided in this Part and in section 28 of the
Historical Resources Act, nothing in this Part or the regulations or
bylaws under this Part gives a person a right to compensation.
(2) Subsection (1) applies only to this Part and does not create,
extinguish or affect rights created, extinguished or affected by the
rest of this Act.
1995 c24 s95

Division 2
Land Use Policies
Land use policies

622(1) Every statutory plan, land use bylaw and action undertaken
pursuant to this Part by a municipality, municipal planning
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commission, subdivision authority, development authority or
subdivision and development appeal board or the Municipal
Government Board must be consistent with the land use policies
established under subsection (2) and any former land use policy.
(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the recommendation
of the Minister, may by regulation establish land use policies and
rescind former land use policies.
(3) If there is a conflict between a land use policy established
under subsection (2) and an ALSA regional plan, the ALSA
regional plan prevails.
(4) Former land use policies do not apply in any planning region
within the meaning of the Alberta Land Stewardship Act in respect
of which there is an ALSA regional plan.
(5) In this section, “former land use policy” means a land use
policy that was established under section 622 as it read before the
coming into force of this subsection and that has not been rescinded
under subsection (2).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s622;2009 cA-26.8 s83;2016 c24 s93

Division 3
Planning Authorities
Subdivision authority

623(1) A council must by bylaw provide for a subdivision
authority to exercise subdivision powers and duties on behalf of the
municipality.
(2) A subdivision authority may include one or more of the
following:
(a) any or all members of council;
(b) a designated officer;
(c) a municipal planning commission;
(d) any other person or organization.
1995 c24 s95

Development authority

624(1) Subject to section 641, a council must by bylaw provide
for a development authority to exercise development powers and
perform duties on behalf of the municipality.
(2) A development authority may include one or more of the
following:

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(a) a designated officer;
(b) a municipal planning commission;
(c) any other person or organization.
1995 c24 s95

Intermunicipal service agency

625 A council may by bylaw authorize the municipality to enter
into an agreement
(a) with a regional services commission, or
(b) with one or more municipalities to establish an
intermunicipal service agency
to which the municipality may delegate any of its subdivision
authority or development authority powers, duties or functions.
1995 c24 s95

Municipal planning commission

626(1) A council may by bylaw establish a municipal planning
commission and may by bylaw authorize the municipality to enter
into an agreement with one or more municipalities to establish an
intermunicipal planning commission.
(2) An intermunicipal planning commission is deemed to be a
municipal planning commission for the purposes of this Part.
(3) If an intermunicipal planning commission or a municipal
planning commission is established, the bylaw or agreement
establishing it must
(a) provide for the applicable matters described in section
145(b),
(b) prescribe the functions and duties of the commission,
including but not limited to subdivision and development
powers and duties, and
(c) in the case of an intermunicipal planning commission,
provide for its dissolution.
1995 c24 s95

Appeal board established

627(1) A council must by bylaw
(a) establish a subdivision and development appeal board, or
(b) authorize the municipality to enter into an agreement with
one or more municipalities to establish an intermunicipal
subdivision and development appeal board,
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or both.
(2) An intermunicipal subdivision and development appeal board
is a subdivision and development appeal board for the purposes of
this Part.
(3) Unless an order of the Minister authorizes otherwise, a panel of
a subdivision and development appeal board hearing an appeal
must not have more than one councillor as a member.
(4) The following persons may not be appointed as members of a
subdivision and development appeal board:
(a) an employee of the municipality;
(b) a person who carries out subdivision or development
powers, duties and functions on behalf of the
municipality;
(c) a member of a municipal planning commission.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s627;2016 c24 s94

Appeal board established

628(1) A bylaw or agreement under section 627 must
(a) provide for the applicable matters described in section
145(b), and
(b) prescribe the functions and duties of the subdivision and
development appeal board.
(2) A bylaw or agreement under section 627 may provide
(a) for the members of the subdivision and development
appeal board to meet in panels,
(b) for 2 or more panels to meet simultaneously,
(c) that the panels have any or all the powers, duties and
responsibilities of the subdivision and development appeal
board, and
(d) that a decision of a panel is a decision of the subdivision
and development appeal board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s628;2016 c24 s95

Immunity

628.1(1) The members of a subdivision and development appeal
board are not personally liable for anything done or omitted to be
done in good faith in the exercise or purported exercise of a power,
duty or function under this Part.
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(2) No member of a subdivision and development appeal board is
liable for costs by reason of or in respect of an application for
permission to appeal or an appeal under this Part.
2016 c24 s96

Appeal board evidence

629 A subdivision and development appeal board
(a) may, while carrying out its powers, duties and
responsibilities, accept any oral or written evidence that it
considers proper, whether admissible in a court of law or
not, and is not bound by the laws of evidence applicable
to judicial proceedings, and
(b) must make and keep a record of its proceedings, which
may be in the form of a summary of the evidence
presented at a hearing.
1995 c24 s95

Signature evidence

630(1) An order, decision, approval, notice or other thing made or
given by a subdivision authority, development authority or
subdivision and development appeal board may be signed on its
behalf by a designated officer.
(2) An order, decision, approval, notice or other thing purporting
to be signed by a designated officer pursuant to subsection (1) may
be admitted in evidence as proof
(a) of the order, decision, approval, notice or other thing, and
(b) that the designated officer signing it was authorized to do
so,
without proof of the signature or of the designation.
1995 c24 s95

Fees

630.1 A council may establish and charge fees for matters under
this Part.
1996 c30 s55

Compliance with ALSA regional plans

630.2 A subdivision authority, a development authority, an entity
to which authority is delegated under section 625, a municipal
planning commission and a subdivision and development appeal
board must each carry out its functions and exercise its jurisdiction
in accordance with any applicable ALSA regional plan.
2009 cA-26.8 s83

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Division 4
Statutory Plans
Intermunicipal Development Plans
Intermunicipal development plan

631(1) Two or more councils may, by each passing a bylaw in
accordance with this Part or in accordance with sections 12 and
692, adopt an intermunicipal development plan to include those
areas of land lying within the boundaries of the municipalities as
they consider necessary.
(2) An intermunicipal development plan
(a) may provide for
(i) the future land use within the area,
(ii) the manner of and the proposals for future
development in the area, and
(iii) any other matter relating to the physical, social or
economic development of the area that the councils
consider necessary,
and
(b) must include
(i) a procedure to be used to resolve or attempt to
resolve any conflict between the municipalities that
have adopted the plan,
(ii) a procedure to be used, by one or more
municipalities, to amend or repeal the plan, and
(iii) provisions relating to the administration of the plan.
1995 c24 s95

Order for intermunicipal development plan

631.1(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) requiring 2 or more municipal authorities to establish an
intermunicipal development plan in accordance with any
requirements contained in the regulations or in an ALSA
regional plan;
(b) respecting the matters to be included in an intermunicipal
plan;

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(c) respecting the time within which an intermunicipal plan
must be complete.
(2) If the municipal authorities to whom an ALSA regional plan
applies or to whom a regulation under subsection (1) applies do not
comply with the ALSA regional plan or the regulation, the Minister
may establish an intermunicipal development plan that is binding
on the municipal authorities.
2009 cA-26.8 s83

Municipal Development Plans
Municipal development plan

632(1) A council of a municipality with a population of 3500 or
more must by bylaw adopt a municipal development plan.
(2) A council of a municipality with a population of less than 3500
may adopt a municipal development plan.
(3) A municipal development plan
(a) must address
(i) the future land use within the municipality,
(ii) the manner of and the proposals for future
development in the municipality,
(iii) the co-ordination of land use, future growth patterns
and other infrastructure with adjacent municipalities
if there is no intermunicipal development plan with
respect to those matters in those municipalities,
(iv) the provision of the required transportation systems
either generally or specifically within the
municipality and in relation to adjacent
municipalities, and
(v) the provision of municipal services and facilities
either generally or specifically,
(b) may address
(i) proposals for the financing and programming of
municipal infrastructure,
(ii) the co-ordination of municipal programs relating to
the physical, social and economic development of the
municipality,
(iii) environmental matters within the municipality,
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(iv) the financial resources of the municipality,
(v) the economic development of the municipality, and
(vi) any other matter relating to the physical, social or
economic development of the municipality,
(c) may contain statements regarding the municipality’s
development constraints, including the results of any
development studies and impact analysis, and goals,
objectives, targets, planning policies and corporate
strategies,
(d) must contain policies compatible with the subdivision and
development regulations to provide guidance on the type
and location of land uses adjacent to sour gas facilities,
(e) must contain policies respecting the provision of
municipal, school or municipal and school reserves,
including but not limited to the need for, amount of and
allocation of those reserves and the identification of
school requirements in consultation with affected school
boards,
(f) must contain policies respecting the protection of
agricultural operations, and
(g) may contain policies respecting the provision of
conservation reserve in accordance with section
664.2(1)(a) to (d).
(4) A municipal development plan must be consistent with any
intermunicipal development plan in respect of land that is identified
in both the municipal development plan and the intermunicipal
development plan.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s632;RSA 2000 c21(Supp) s4;2008 c37 s11;
2015 c8 s62;2016 c24 s98;2017 c13 s2(16)

Area Structure Plans
Area structure plan

633(1) For the purpose of providing a framework for subsequent
subdivision and development of an area of land, a council may by
bylaw adopt an area structure plan.
(2) An area structure plan
(a) must describe
(i) the sequence of development proposed for the area,

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(ii) the land uses proposed for the area, either generally
or with respect to specific parts of the area,
(iii) the density of population proposed for the area either
generally or with respect to specific parts of the area,
and
(iv) the general location of major transportation routes
and public utilities,
and
(b) may contain any other matters, including matters relating
to reserves, as the council considers necessary.
(3) An area structure plan must be consistent with
(a) any intermunicipal development plan in respect of land
that is identified in both the area structure plan and the
intermunicipal development plan, and
(b) any municipal development plan.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s633;2015 c8 s63;2017 c13 s1(56)

Area Redevelopment Plans
Area redevelopment plans

634(1) A council may
(a) designate an area of the municipality as a redevelopment
area for the purpose of any or all of the following:
(i) preserving or improving land and buildings in the
area;
(ii) rehabilitating buildings in the area;
(iii) removing buildings from the area;
(iv) constructing or replacing buildings in the area;
(v) establishing, improving or relocating roads, public
utilities or other services in the area;
(vi) facilitating any other development in the area,
(b) adopt, by bylaw, an area redevelopment plan,
(c) in accordance with this section and Division 6, provide for
the imposition and collection of a levy to be known as a
“redevelopment levy”, and
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(d) authorize a designated officer, with or without conditions,
to perform any function with respect to the imposition and
collection of that redevelopment levy.
(2) An area redevelopment plan must be consistent with
(a) any intermunicipal development plan in respect of land
that is identified in both the area redevelopment plan and
the intermunicipal development plan, and
(b) any municipal development plan.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s634;2015 c8 s64

Plan contents

635 An area redevelopment plan
(a) must describe
(i) the objectives of the plan and how they are proposed
to be achieved,
(ii) the proposed land uses for the redevelopment area,
(iii) if a redevelopment levy is to be imposed, the reasons
for imposing it, and
(iv) any proposals for the acquisition of land for any
municipal use, school facilities, parks and recreation
facilities or any other purposes the council considers
necessary,
and
(b) may contain any other proposals that the council considers
necessary.
1995 c24 s95

General Provisions
Statutory plan preparation

636(1) While preparing a statutory plan a municipality must
(a) provide a means for any person who may be affected by it
to make suggestions and representations,
(b) notify the public of the plan preparation process and of the
means to make suggestions and representations referred to
in clause (a),
(c) notify the school boards with jurisdiction in the area to
which the plan preparation applies and provide
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opportunities to those authorities to make suggestions and
representations,
(d) in the case of a municipal development plan, notify
adjacent municipalities of the plan preparation and
provide opportunities to those municipalities to make
suggestions and representations,
(e) in the case of an area structure plan, where the land that is
the subject of the plan is adjacent to another municipality,
notify that municipality of the plan preparation and
provide opportunities to that municipality to make
suggestions and representations,
(f) in the case of an area structure plan, where the land that is
the subject of the plan is within 1.6 kilometres of a
provincial highway, notify the Minister responsible for the
Highways Development and Protection Act of the plan
preparation and provide opportunities for the Minister to
make suggestions and representations,
(g) in the case of a municipal development plan, notify
(i) the Indian band of any adjacent Indian reserve, or
(ii) any adjacent Metis settlement
of the plan preparation and provide opportunities to that
Indian band or Metis settlement to make suggestions and
representations, and
(h) in the case of an area structure plan, where the land that is
the subject of the plan is adjacent to an Indian reserve or
Metis settlement, notify the Indian band or Metis
settlement of the plan preparation and provide
opportunities for that Indian band or Metis settlement to
make suggestions and representations.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to amendments to statutory plans.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s636;2008 c37 s11;2017 c13 s1(57)

Effect of plans

637 The adoption by a council of a statutory plan does not require
the municipality to undertake any of the projects referred to in it.
1995 c24 s95

Plans consistent

638(1) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between
(a) an intermunicipal development plan, and

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(b) a municipal development plan, an area structure plan or an
area redevelopment plan
in respect of the development of the land to which the
intermunicipal development plan and the municipal development
plan, the area structure plan or the area redevelopment plan, as the
case may be, apply, the intermunicipal development plan prevails
to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.
(2) In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between
(a) a municipal development plan, and
(b) an area structure plan or an area redevelopment plan,
the municipal development plan prevails to the extent of the
conflict or inconsistency.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s638;2015 c8 s65

Conflict with ALSA regional plans

638.1 In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between
(a) a statutory plan or a land use bylaw, and
(b) an ALSA regional plan,
the ALSA regional plan prevails to the extent of the conflict or
inconsistency.
2009 cA-26.8 s83

Listing and publishing of policies

638.2(1) Every municipality must compile and keep updated a list
of any policies that may be considered in making decisions under
this Part
(a) that have been approved by council by resolution or
bylaw, or
(b) that have been made by a body or person to whom
powers, duties or functions are delegated under section
203 or 209,
and that do not form part of a bylaw made under this Part.
(2) The municipality must publish the following on the
municipality’s website:
(a) the list of the policies referred to in subsection (1);
(b) the policies described in subsection (1);

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(c) a summary of the policies described in subsection (1) and
of how they relate to each other and how they relate to
any statutory plans and bylaws passed in accordance with
this Part;
(d) any documents incorporated by reference in any bylaws
passed in accordance with this Part.
(3) A development authority, subdivision authority, subdivision
and development appeal board, the Municipal Government Board
or a court shall not have regard to any policy approved by a council
or by a person or body referred to in subsection (1)(b) unless the
policy is set out in the list prepared and maintained under
subsection (1) and published in accordance with subsection (2).
(4) This section applies on and after January 1, 2019.
2016 c24 s99

Division 5
Land Use
Land use bylaw

639 Every municipality must pass a land use bylaw.
1995 c24 s95

Protection of agricultural operations

639.1 In preparing a land use bylaw, a municipality must
consider the protection of agricultural operations unless an ALSA
regional plan requires agricultural operations to be protected or
requires agricultural land or land for agricultural purposes to be
protected, conserved or enhanced, in which case the municipality
must comply with the ALSA regional plan.
RSA 2000 c21(Supp) s5;2009 cA-26.8 s83

Land use bylaw

640(1) A land use bylaw may prohibit or regulate and control the
use and development of land and buildings in a municipality.
(2) A land use bylaw
(a) must divide the municipality into districts of the number
and area the council considers appropriate;
(b) must, unless the district is designated as a direct control
district pursuant to section 641, prescribe with respect to
each district,
(i) the one or more uses of land or buildings that are
permitted in the district, with or without conditions,
or
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(ii) the one or more uses of land or buildings that may be
permitted in the district at the discretion of the
development authority, with or without conditions,
or both;
(c) must establish a method of making decisions on
applications for development permits and issuing
development permits for any development, including
provision for
(i) the types of development permit that may be issued,
(ii) applying for a development permit,
(iii) processing an application for, or issuing, cancelling,
suspending or refusing to issue, a development
permit,
(iv) the conditions that are to be attached, or that the
development authority may attach, to a development
permit, either generally or with respect to a specific
type of permit,
(v) how long any type of development permit remains in
effect,
(vi) the discretion that the development authority may
exercise with respect to development permits, and
(vii) any other matters necessary to regulate and control
the issue of development permits that to the council
appear necessary;
(d) must provide for how and to whom notice of the issuance
of a development permit is to be given;
(e) must establish the number of dwelling units permitted on
a parcel of land.
(3) A land use bylaw may identify additional land as adjacent land
for the purposes of section 692.
(4) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), a land use
bylaw may provide for one or more of the following matters, either
generally or with respect to any district or part of a district
established pursuant to subsection (2)(a):
(a) subdivision design standards;
(b) the ground area, floor area, height, size and location of
buildings;
378

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) the amount of land to be provided around or between
buildings;
(d) the landscaping of land or buildings;
(e) the location, height and maintenance of fences and walls;
(f) the establishment and maintenance of
(i) off-street or other parking facilities, and
(ii) loading and unloading facilities,
and any other similar matters;
(g) the design, character and appearance of buildings;
(h) the location and amount of access to lots from roads and
ensuring that there is at least one means of access from
each lot to a road;
(i) the lighting of land, buildings or other things;
(j) the enlargement, alteration, repair, removal or relocation
of buildings;
(k) the excavation or filling in of land;
(l) the development of buildings
(i) on land subject to flooding or subsidence or that is
low lying, marshy or unstable,
(ii) on land adjacent to or within a specified distance of
the bed and shore of any body of water, or
(iii) subject to regulations made under section 693 or 694,
within a specified area around an airport;
(m) the construction, placement or use of billboards,
signboards or other advertising devices of any kind, and if
they are permitted at all, governing their height, size and
character;
(n) the removal, repair or renovation of billboards, signboards
or other advertising devices of any kind;
(o) the density of population in any district or part of it;
(p) the designation of a district as a direct control district in
accordance with section 641;

379

Section 640.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(q) the establishment of any related agreements, forms, fees
or procedural matters;
(r) issuing orders under section 645.
(5) A land use bylaw may provide that when an application for a
development permit or change in land use designation is refused
another application with respect to the same lot
(a) for a development permit for the same or a similar use, or
(b) for a change in land use designation
may not be made by the same or any other applicant until the time
stated in the land use bylaw has expired.
(6) A land use bylaw may authorize a development authority to
decide on an application for a development permit even though the
proposed development does not comply with the land use bylaw or
is a non-conforming building if, in the opinion of the development
authority,
(a) the proposed development would not
(i) unduly interfere with the amenities of the
neighbourhood, or
(ii) materially interfere with or affect the use, enjoyment
or value of neighbouring parcels of land,
and
(b) the proposed development conforms with the use
prescribed for that land or building in the land use bylaw.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s640;2016 c24 s100

Alternative time periods for applications

640.1 The council of a city or of a municipality with a population
of 15 000 or more may, in a land use bylaw,
(a) provide for an alternative period of time for the
development authority to review the completeness of a
development permit application under section 683.1(1),
(b) provide for an alternative period of time for a
development authority to make a decision on a
development permit application under section 684,
(c) provide for an alternative period of time for the
subdivision authority to review the completeness of an
application for subdivision approval under section 653.1,
and
380

Section 641

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) provide for an alternative period of time for the
subdivision authority to make a decision on an application
for subdivision under the subdivision and development
regulations.
2016 c24 s101

Designation of direct control districts

641(1) The council of a municipality that has adopted a municipal
development plan, if it wishes to exercise particular control over
the use and development of land or buildings within an area of the
municipality, may in its land use bylaw designate that area as a
direct control district.
(2) If a direct control district is designated in a land use bylaw, the
council may, subject to any applicable statutory plan, regulate and
control the use or development of land or buildings in the district in
any manner it considers necessary.
(3) In respect of a direct control district, the council may decide on
a development permit application or may delegate the decision to a
development authority with directions that it considers appropriate.
(4) Repealed 2015 c8 s66.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s641;2015 c8 s66

Permitted and discretionary uses

642(1) When a person applies for a development permit in respect
of a development provided for by a land use bylaw pursuant to
section 640(2)(b)(i), the development authority must, if the
application otherwise conforms to the land use bylaw and is
complete in accordance with section 683.1, issue a development
permit with or without conditions as provided for in the land use
bylaw.
(2) When a person applies for a development permit in respect of a
development that may, in the discretion of a development authority,
be permitted pursuant to section 640(2)(b)(ii), the development
authority may, if the application is complete in accordance with
section 683.1, issue a development permit with or without
conditions as provided for in the land use bylaw.
(3) A decision of a development authority on an application for a
development permit must be in writing, and a copy of the decision,
together with a written notice specifying the date on which the
decision was made and containing any other information required
by the regulations, must be given or sent to the applicant on the
same day the decision is made.

381

Section 643

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) If a development authority refuses an application for a
development permit, the decision must include the reasons for the
refusal.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s642;2016 cs24 s102;2017 c13 s1(58)

Non-conforming use and non-conforming buildings

643(1) If a development permit has been issued on or before the
day on which a land use bylaw or a land use amendment bylaw
comes into force in a municipality and the bylaw would make the
development in respect of which the permit was issued a
non-conforming use or non-conforming building, the development
permit continues in effect in spite of the coming into force of the
bylaw.
(2) A non-conforming use of land or a building may be continued
but if that use is discontinued for a period of 6 consecutive months
or more, any future use of the land or building must conform with
the land use bylaw then in effect.
(3) A non-conforming use of part of a building may be extended
throughout the building but the building, whether or not it is a
non-conforming building, may not be enlarged or added to and no
structural alterations may be made to it or in it.
(4) A non-conforming use of part of a lot may not be extended or
transferred in whole or in part to any other part of the lot and no
additional buildings may be constructed on the lot while the
non-conforming use continues.
(5) A non-conforming building may continue to be used but the
building may not be enlarged, added to, rebuilt or structurally
altered except
(a) to make it a conforming building,
(b) for routine maintenance of the building, if the
development authority considers it necessary, or
(c) in accordance with a land use bylaw that provides minor
variance powers to the development authority for the
purposes of this section.
(6) If a non-conforming building is damaged or destroyed to the
extent of more than 75% of the value of the building above its
foundation, the building may not be repaired or rebuilt except in
accordance with the land use bylaw.
(7) The land use or the use of a building is not affected by a
change of ownership or tenancy of the land or building.
1995 c24 s95

382

Section 644

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Acquisition of land designated for public use

644(1) If land is designated under a land use bylaw for use or
intended use as a municipal public building, school facility, park or
recreation facility and the municipality does not own the land, the
municipality must within 6 months from the date the land is
designated do one of the following:
(a) acquire the land or require the land to be provided as
reserve land;
(b) commence proceedings to acquire the land or to require
the land to be provided as reserve land and then acquire
that land within a reasonable time;
(c) amend the land use bylaw to designate the land for
another use or intended use.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the Crown in right of Canada,
the Crown in right of Alberta, an irrigation district, a board of a
drainage district or a local authority, within 6 months from the date
the land is designated under that subsection,
(a) acquires that land, or
(b) commences proceedings to acquire that land or requires
that land to be provided as reserve land and then acquires
it within a reasonable time.
(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to land designated by the
municipality as conservation reserve.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s644;2016 cs24 s103

Stop order

645(1) Despite section 545, if a development authority finds that a
development, land use or use of a building is not in accordance
with
(a) this Part or a land use bylaw or regulations under this Part,
or
(b) a development permit or subdivision approval,
the development authority may act under subsection (2).
(2) If subsection (1) applies, the development authority may, by
written notice, order the owner, the person in possession of the land
or building or the person responsible for the contravention, or any
or all of them, to
(a) stop the development or use of the land or building in
whole or in part as directed by the notice,
383

Section 646

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) demolish, remove or replace the development, or
(c) carry out any other actions required by the notice so that
the development or use of the land or building complies
with this Part, the land use bylaw or regulations under this
Part, a development permit or a subdivision approval,
within the time set out in the notice.
(2.1) A notice referred to in subsection (2) must specify the date
on which the order was made, must contain any other information
required by the regulations and must be given or sent to the person
or persons referred to in subsection (2) on the same day the
decision is made.
(3) A person who receives a notice referred to in subsection (2)
may appeal to the subdivision and development appeal board in
accordance with section 685.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s645;2017 c13 s1(59)

Enforcement of stop order

646(1) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order directed
to the person under section 645 or an order of a subdivision and
development appeal board under section 687, the municipality
may, in accordance with section 542, enter on the land or building
and take any action necessary to carry out the order.
(2) A municipality may register a caveat under the Land Titles Act
in respect of an order referred to in subsection (1) against the
certificate of title for the land that is the subject of the order.
(3) If a municipality registers a caveat under subsection (2), the
municipality must discharge the caveat when the order has been
complied with.
1995 c24 s95

Division 6
Development Levies and Conditions
Redevelopment levies

647(1) If a person applies for a development permit in respect of
development in a redevelopment area and the area redevelopment
plan contains proposals for residential, commercial or industrial
development, a redevelopment levy may be imposed on the
applicant in accordance with the bylaw adopting the area
redevelopment plan.
(2) A redevelopment levy imposed and collected must be used to
provide, in respect of the redevelopment area,

384

Section 648

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) land for a park or land for school buildings designed for
the instruction or accommodation of students, or
(b) land for new or expanded recreation facilities,
or both.
(3) On September 1, 1995 a redevelopment levy under the former
Act continues as a redevelopment levy under this Part.
(4) A redevelopment levy imposed and collected under this Part or
the former Act may be imposed and collected only once in respect
of a development.
(5) A redevelopment levy imposed pursuant to this Part may vary
between one class of development and another in a redevelopment
area.
(6) If a redevelopment levy is collected, the municipality must pay
that portion of the levy imposed to provide land for school
buildings designed for the instruction or accommodation of
students to the one or more school boards.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s647;2008 c37 s11

Off-site levy

648(1) For the purposes referred to in subsections (2) and (2.1), a
council may by bylaw
(a) provide for the imposition and payment of a levy, to be
known as an “off-site levy”, in respect of land that is to be
developed or subdivided, and
(b) authorize an agreement to be entered into in respect of the
payment of the levy.
(1.1) A bylaw may not impose an off-site levy on land owned by a
school board that is to be developed for a school building project
within the meaning of the School Act.
(2) An off-site levy may be used only to pay for all or part of the
capital cost of any or all of the following:
(a) new or expanded facilities for the storage, transmission,
treatment or supplying of water;
(b) new or expanded facilities for the treatment, movement or
disposal of sanitary sewage;
(c) new or expanded storm sewer drainage facilities;
(c.1) new or expanded roads required for or impacted by a
subdivision or development;
385

Section 648

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) land required for or in connection with any facilities
described in clauses (a) to (c.1).
(2.1) In addition to the capital cost of facilities described in
subsection (2), an off-site levy may be used to pay for all or part of
the capital cost for any of the following purposes, including the
cost of any related appurtenances and any land required for or in
connection with the purpose:
(a) new or expanded community recreation facilities;
(b) new or expanded fire hall facilities;
(c) new or expanded police station facilities;
(d) new or expanded libraries.
(2.2) Subject to an appeal under section 648.1, an off-site levy may
be imposed and collected for a purpose referred to in subsection
(2.1) only if no off-site levy has been previously imposed under
subsection (1) for the same purpose with respect to the land on
which the off-site levy is being imposed.
(3) On September 1, 1995 an off-site levy under the former Act
continues as an off-site levy under this Part.
(4) An off-site levy imposed under this section or the former Act
may be collected once for each purpose described in subsection (2)
or (2.1), in respect of land that is the subject of a development or
subdivision, if
(a) the purpose of the off-site levy is authorized in the bylaw
referred to in subsection (1), and
(b) the collection of the off-site levy for the purpose
authorized in the bylaw is specified in the agreement
referred to in subsection (1).
(4.1) Nothing in subsection (4) prohibits the collection of an offsite levy by instalments or otherwise over time.
(5) An off-site levy collected under this section, and any interest
earned from the investment of the levy,
(a) must be accounted for separately from other levies
collected under this section, and
(b) must be used only for the specific purpose described in
subsection (2)(a) to (c.1) or (2.1)(a) to (d) for which it is
collected or for the land required for or in connection with
that purpose.
386

Section 648

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(6) A bylaw under subsection (1) must be advertised in accordance
with section 606 unless
(a) the bylaw is passed before January 1, 2004, or
(b) the bylaw is passed on or after January 1, 2004 but at least
one reading was given to the proposed bylaw before that
date.
(7) Where after March 1, 1978 and before January 1, 2004 a fee or
other charge was imposed on a developer by a municipality
pursuant to a development agreement entered into by the developer
and the municipality for the purpose described in subsection
(2)(c.1), that fee or charge is deemed
(a) to have been imposed pursuant to a bylaw under this
section, and
(b) to have been validly imposed and collected
effective from the date the fee or charge was imposed.
(8) If, before the coming into force of this subsection, a fee or
other charge was imposed on a developer by a municipality
pursuant to a development agreement entered into by the developer
and the municipality for one or more purposes described in
subsection (2) or (2.1), that fee or charge is deemed
(a) to have been imposed pursuant to a bylaw under this
section, and
(b) to have been validly imposed and collected effective from
the date the fee or charge was imposed.
(9) If, before the coming into force of this subsection, a bylaw was
made that purported to impose a fee or other charge on a developer
for a purpose described in subsection (2) or (2.1),
(a) that bylaw is deemed to have been valid and enforceable
to the extent that it imposed a fee or charge for a purpose
described in subsection (2) or (2.1) before the coming into
force of this subsection, and
(b) any fee or charge imposed pursuant to the bylaw before
the coming into force of this subsection is deemed to have
been validly imposed and collected effective from the date
the fee or charge was imposed.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s648;2003 c43 s3;2015 c8 s67;
2016 c24 s104;2017 c13 ss1(60),2(17)

387

Section 648.01

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Intermunicipal off-site levy

648.01(1) For the purpose of section 648(1) and subject to the
requirements of section 12, 2 or more municipalities may provide
for an off-site levy to be imposed on an intermunicipal basis.
(2) Where 2 or more municipalities provide for an off-site levy to
be imposed on an intermunicipal basis, the municipalities shall
enter into such agreements as are necessary to attain the purposes
described in section 648(2) or (2.1) that are to be funded by an
off-site levy under section 648(1), by a framework made under Part
17.2 or by any other agreement.
(3) For greater clarity, where 2 or more municipalities provide for
an off-site levy to be imposed on an intermunicipal basis under
subsection (1) for the purposes described in section 648(2.1), the
benefitting area determined in accordance with the regulations may
comprise any combination of land in the participating
municipalities.
(4) If a bylaw providing for an off-site levy to be imposed on an
intermunicipal basis is appealed under section 648.1, the
corresponding bylaws of the other participating municipalities are
deemed to also be appealed.
2016 c24 s105

Appeal of off-site levy

648.1(1) Any person may, subject to and in accordance with the
regulations, appeal any of the provisions of an off-site levy bylaw
relating to an off-site levy for a purpose referred to in section
648(2.1) to the Municipal Government Board on any of the
following grounds:
(a) that the purpose for which the off-site levy is to be
imposed is unlikely to benefit future occupants of the land
who may be subject to the off-site levy to the extent
required by the regulations;
(b) that the principles and criteria referred to in regulations
made under section 694(4)(b) that must be applied by a
municipality when passing the off-site levy bylaw have
not been complied with;
(c) that the determination of the benefitting area was not
determined in accordance with regulations made under
section 694(4)(c);
(d) that the off-site levy or any portion of it is not for the
payment of the capital costs of the purposes set out in
section 648(2.1);

388

Section 649

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(e) that the calculation of the off-site levy is inconsistent with
regulations made under section 694(4) or is incorrect;
(f) that an off-site levy for the same purpose has already been
imposed and collected with respect to the proposed
development or subdivision.
(2) After hearing the appeal, the Municipal Government Board
may
(a) dismiss the appeal in whole or in part, or
(b) declare the off-site levy bylaw or a portion of the bylaw to
be invalid and provide that the bylaw may be repassed or
amended in a manner determined by the Board.
(3) Where an off-site levy bylaw amends the amount of an off-site
levy referred to in subsection (1), an appeal under this section may
only be brought with respect to that amendment.
2016 c24 s105;2017 c13 s2(18)

Levy bylaws

649 A bylaw that authorizes a redevelopment levy or an off-site
levy must set out the purpose of each levy and indicate how the
amount of the levy was determined.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s649;2015 c8 s68

Condition of issuing development permit

650(1) A council may in a land use bylaw require that, as a
condition of a development permit’s being issued, the applicant
enter into an agreement with the municipality to do any or all of the
following:
(a) to construct or pay for the construction of a road required
to give access to the development;
(b) to construct or pay for the construction of
(i) a pedestrian walkway system to serve the
development, or
(ii) pedestrian walkways to connect the pedestrian
walkway system serving the development with a
pedestrian walkway system that serves or is proposed
to serve an adjacent development,
or both;
(c) to install or pay for the installation of a public utility
described in section 616(v)(i) to (ix) that is necessary to
serve the development, whether or not the public utility is,
389

Section 651

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

or will be, located on the land that is the subject of the
development;
(d) to construct or pay for the construction of
(i) off-street or other parking facilities, and
(ii) loading and unloading facilities;
(e) to pay an off-site levy or redevelopment levy imposed by
bylaw;
(f) to give security to ensure that the terms of the agreement
under this section are carried out.
(2) A municipality may register a caveat under the Land Titles Act
in respect of an agreement under this section against the certificate
of title for the land that is the subject of the development.
(3) If a municipality registers a caveat under subsection (2), the
municipality must discharge the caveat when the agreement has
been complied with.
(4) Where, prior to the coming into force of this subsection, an
agreement referred to in subsection (1) required the applicant to
install a public utility or pay an amount for a public utility referred
to in subsection (1)(c), that requirement is deemed to have been
validly imposed, whether or not the public utility was located on
the land that was the subject of the development.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s650;2015 c8 s69

Agreements re oversize improvements

651(1) An agreement referred to in section 648, 650 or 655 may
require the applicant for a development permit or subdivision
approval
(a) to pay for all or a portion of the cost of an improvement
constructed or paid for in whole or in part by a
municipality at any time prior to the date of approval of
the development permit or subdivision approval
application, or
(b) to construct or pay for all or a portion of an improvement
with an excess capacity.
(2) An agreement referred to in subsection (1)(b) or (3) that
obliges an applicant for a development permit or subdivision
approval to construct or pay for an improvement with an excess
capacity may also provide for the reimbursement of the cost
incurred or payment made in respect of the excess capacity
together with interest calculated at the rate fixed pursuant to
390

Section 651.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

subsection (4) on the amount of the cost until the land that benefits
from the excess capacity is developed or subdivided.
(3) If a municipality has at any time, either before or after this
section comes into force, or before or after section 77.1 of the
Planning Act was deemed to come into force, entered into an
agreement providing for reimbursement of payments made or costs
incurred in respect of the excess capacity of an improvement by an
applicant for a development permit or subdivision approval, the
municipality must, when other land that benefits from the
improvement is developed or subdivided, enter into an agreement
with the applicant for a development permit or subdivision
approval for the other land, and that agreement may require the
applicant to pay an amount in respect of the improvement, as
determined by the municipality, which may be in excess of the cost
of the improvement required for the proposed development or
subdivision.
(4) An agreement made in accordance with subsection (1)(a) or (3)
may require that, in addition to paying for all or part of the cost of
an improvement, an applicant for a development permit or
subdivision approval must pay reasonable interest on the cost in an
amount to be fixed by the municipality.
(5) In this section,
(a) “excess capacity” means any capacity in excess of that
required for a proposed development or subdivision;
(b) “improvement” means
(i) a facility or land referred to in section 648(2), or
(ii) a road, pedestrian walkway, utility or facility referred
to in section 650(1) or 655(1)(b),
whether or not located on the land to be developed or
subdivided and whether or not constructed at the time of
development or subdivision approval.
1995 c24 s95

Restrictive covenant

651.1(1) In this section, “restrictive covenant” means a condition
or covenant under which land, or any specified portion of land, is
not to be built on, or is to be or not to be used in a particular
manner, or any other condition or covenant running with or capable
of being legally annexed to land.
(2) Despite the Land Titles Act or any other enactment, a
municipality may register a caveat under the Land Titles Act in
respect of any restrictive covenant granted by the registered owner
391

Section 651.2

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

of a parcel of land to the municipality for the benefit of land that is
under the direction, control and management of the municipality
whether or not the municipality has been issued a certificate of title
to that land.
(3) A caveat registered pursuant to subsection (2)
(a) shall be registered against the certificate of title to the
parcel of land
(i) that is subject to the restrictive covenant, and
(ii) that was issued to the person who granted the
restrictive covenant,
(b) has the same force and effect as if it had been a condition
or covenant registered under section 48 of the Land Titles
Act,
(c) may be discharged only by the municipality or an order of
a court, and
(d) does not lapse pursuant to the provisions of the Land
Titles Act governing the lapsing of caveats.
1999 c11 s43

Encroachment agreements

651.2(1) In this section, “encroachment agreement” means an
agreement under which a municipality permits the encroachment
onto a road that is under the direction, control and management of
the municipality of improvements made on land that is adjoining
that road.
(2) Despite the Land Titles Act or any other enactment, a
municipality may register a caveat under the Land Titles Act in
respect of any encroachment agreement entered into by the
municipality with the registered owner of a parcel of land that
adjoins a road that is under the direction, control and management
of the municipality.
(3) A caveat registered pursuant to subsection (2)
(a) shall be registered against the certificate of title to the
parcel of land
(i) that is adjoining the road, and
(ii) that was issued to the person who entered into the
encroachment agreement with the municipality,

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RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) has the same force and effect as if it had been an
encroachment agreement registered under section 72 of
the Land Titles Act,
(c) may be discharged only by the municipality or an order of
a court, and
(d) does not lapse pursuant to the provisions of the Land
Titles Act governing the lapsing of caveats.
1999 c11 s43

Division 7
Subdivision of Land
Subdivision approval required

652(1) A Registrar may not accept for registration an instrument
that has the effect or may have the effect of subdividing a parcel of
land unless the subdivision has been approved by a subdivision
authority.
(2) Despite subsection (1) and subject to subsection (4), a
Registrar may accept for registration without subdivision approval
an instrument that has the effect or may have the effect of
subdividing a parcel of land described in a certificate of title if
registration of the instrument results in the issuing of one or more
certificates of title and the parcel of land described in each
certificate of title so issued would consist only of any or all of the
following:
(a) a quarter section;
(b) a river lot shown on an official plan, as defined in the
Surveys Act, that is filed or lodged in a land titles office;
(c) a lake lot shown on an official plan, as defined in the
Surveys Act, that is filed or lodged in a land titles office;
(d) a settlement lot shown on an official plan, as defined in
the Surveys Act, that is filed or lodged in a land titles
office;
(e) a part of the parcel of land described in the existing title if
the boundaries of the part are shown and delineated on a
plan of subdivision;
(f) a parcel of land created pursuant to a bylaw passed by a
municipality under section 665.
(3) For the purpose of subsection (2), a parcel of land is deemed to
be a quarter section, river lot, lake lot or settlement lot if the parcel
of land would consist of a quarter section, river lot, lake lot or
393

Section 653

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

settlement lot except that land has been removed from the parcel of
land by a subdivision effected only for a purpose referred to in
section 618(1) or by a plan of subdivision or any other instrument
that effected a subdivision.
(4) Unless the subdivision of the parcel of land has been approved
by a subdivision authority, the Registrar may not accept for
registration an instrument that has the effect or may have the effect
of subdividing a parcel of land
(a) if the parcel of land is described in a plan of subdivision
that was registered in a land titles office before July 1,
1950, and
(b) if the parcel of land contains 2 or more lots one or more of
which is less than 8.0 hectares in area.
(5) A Registrar may not accept a caveat for registration that relates
to an instrument that has the effect or may have the effect of
subdividing a parcel of land unless
(a) subdivision approval is not required in respect of that
subdivision pursuant to subsection (2), or
(b) subdivision approval has been granted in respect of that
subdivision.
1995 c24 s95

Application for subdivision approval

653(1) A person may apply to a subdivision authority for
subdivision approval in accordance with the subdivision and
development regulations by submitting to the subdivision authority
a proposed plan of subdivision or other instrument that describes
the subdivision.
(2) If a subdivision application includes a form on which the
applicant for subdivision approval may or may not consent to the
municipality or its delegate carrying out an inspection, at a
reasonable time, of the land that is the subject of the application
and if the applicant signs a consent to the inspection, a notice of
inspection is not required to be given under section 542(1).
(2.1) On receipt of an application, the subdivision authority must,
in accordance with section 653.1, determine whether the
application is complete.
(3) On receipt of an acknowledgment under section 653.1(5) or (7)
that the application for subdivision approval is complete, or if the
application is deemed to be complete under section 653.1(4), the
subdivision authority must

394

Section 653

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) give a copy of the application to the Government
departments, persons and local authorities required by the
subdivision and development regulations, and
(b) give notice of the application to owners of the land that is
adjacent to the land that is the subject of the application.
(4) Repealed 2016 c24 s107.
(4.1) Despite subsection (3)(b), a subdivision authority is not
required to give notice to owners of adjacent lands if the land that
is the subject of the application is contained within an area
structure plan or a conceptual scheme and a public hearing has
been held with respect to that plan or scheme.
(4.2) A notice under subsection (3)(b) must be given by one of the
following methods and may be given by more than one of the
following methods:
(a) mailing the notice to each owner of land that is adjacent to
the land that is the subject of the application;
(b) posting the notice on the land that is the subject of the
application;
(c) publishing a notice in a newspaper that has general
circulation in the municipality that contains the land that
is the subject of the application.
(4.3) A notice under subsection (3)(b) must include
(a) the municipal address, if any, and the legal address of the
parcel of land, and
(b) a map showing the location of the parcel of land.
(4.4) For the purposes of this section,
(a) “adjacent land” means land that is contiguous to the parcel
of land that is being subdivided and includes
(i) land that would be contiguous if not for a highway,
road, river or stream, and
(ii) any other land identified in the land use bylaw as
adjacent land for the purpose of notification under
this section;
(b) “conceptual scheme” means a conceptual scheme adopted
by the municipality that

395

Section 653.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(i) relates a subdivision application to the future
subdivision and development of adjacent areas, and
(ii) has been referred to the persons to whom the
subdivision authority must send a copy of the
complete application for subdivision pursuant to the
subdivision and development regulations;
(c) “owner” means the person shown as the owner of land on
the assessment roll prepared under Part 9.
(5) A notice under subsection (3)(b) must describe the nature of
the application, the method of obtaining further information about
the application and the manner in which and time within which
written submissions may be made to the subdivision authority.
(6) A subdivision authority, when considering an application under
this section,
(a) must consider the written submissions of those persons
and local authorities to whom an application for
subdivision approval or notice of application was given in
accordance with this section but is not bound by the
submissions unless required by the subdivision and
development regulations, and
(b) is not required to hold a hearing.
(7) Repealed 1996 c30 s60.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s653;2016 c24 s107

Subdivision applications

653.1(1) A subdivision authority must, within 20 days after the
receipt of an application for subdivision approval under section
653(1), determine whether the application is complete.
(2) An application is complete if, in the opinion of the subdivision
authority, the application contains the documents and other
information necessary to review the application.
(3) The time period referred to in subsection (1) may be extended
by an agreement in writing between the applicant and the
subdivision authority or, if applicable, in accordance with the land
use bylaw made pursuant to section 640.1(c).
(4) If the subdivision authority does not make a determination
referred to in subsection (1) within the time required under
subsection (1) or (3), the application is deemed to be complete.
(5) If a subdivision authority determines that the application is
complete, the subdivision authority must issue to the applicant an
396

Section 654

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

acknowledgment in the form and manner provided for in the land
use bylaw that the application is complete.
(6) If the subdivision authority determines that the application is
incomplete, the subdivision authority must issue to the applicant a
notice in the form and manner provided for in the land use bylaw
that the application is incomplete and that any outstanding
documents and information referred to in the notice must be
submitted by a date set out in the notice or a later date agreed on
between the applicant and the subdivision authority in order for the
application to be considered complete.
(7) If the subdivision authority determines that the information and
documents submitted under subsection (6) are complete, the
subdivision authority must issue to the applicant an
acknowledgment in the form and manner provided for in the land
use bylaw that the application is complete.
(8) If the applicant fails to submit all the outstanding information
and documents on or before the date referred to in subsection (6),
the application is deemed to be refused.
(9) If an application is deemed to be refused under subsection (8),
the subdivision authority must issue to the applicant a notice in the
form and manner provided for in the land use bylaw that the
application has been refused and the reason for the refusal.
(10) Despite that the subdivision authority has issued an
acknowledgment under subsection (5) or (7), in the course of
reviewing the application, the subdivision authority may request
additional information or documentation from the applicant that the
subdivision authority considers necessary to review the application.
(11) A decision of a subdivision authority must state
(a) whether an appeal lies to a subdivision and development
appeal board or to the Municipal Government Board, and
(b) if an application for subdivision approval is refused, the
reasons for the refusal.
2016 c24 s108

Approval of application

654(1) A subdivision authority must not approve an application
for subdivision approval unless
(a) the land that is proposed to be subdivided is, in the
opinion of the subdivision authority, suitable for the
purpose for which the subdivision is intended,

397

Section 655

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) the proposed subdivision conforms to the provisions of
any growth plan under Part 17.1, any statutory plan and,
subject to subsection (2), any land use bylaw that affects
the land proposed to be subdivided,
(c) the proposed subdivision complies with this Part and Part
17.1 and the regulations under those Parts, and
(d) all outstanding property taxes on the land proposed to be
subdivided have been paid to the municipality where the
land is located or arrangements satisfactory to the
municipality have been made for their payment pursuant
to Part 10.
(1.1) A decision of a subdivision authority must state
(a) whether an appeal lies to a subdivision and development
appeal board or to the Municipal Government Board, and
(b) if an application for subdivision approval is refused, the
reasons for the refusal.
(1.2) If the subdivision authority is of the opinion that there may
be a conflict or inconsistency between statutory plans, section 638
applies in respect of the conflict or inconsistency.
(2) A subdivision authority may approve an application for
subdivision approval even though the proposed subdivision does
not comply with the land use bylaw if, in its opinion,
(a) the proposed subdivision would not
(i) unduly interfere with the amenities of the
neighbourhood, or
(ii) materially interfere with or affect the use, enjoyment
or value of neighbouring parcels of land,
and
(b) the proposed subdivision conforms with the use
prescribed for that land in the land use bylaw.
(3) A subdivision authority may approve or refuse an application
for subdivision approval.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s654;2016 c24 s109

Conditions of subdivision approval

655(1) A subdivision authority may impose the following
conditions or any other conditions permitted to be imposed by the
subdivision and development regulations on a subdivision approval
issued by it:
398

Section 655

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) any conditions to ensure that this Part and the statutory
plans and land use bylaws and the regulations under this
Part, and any applicable ALSA regional plan, affecting
the land proposed to be subdivided are complied with;
(b) a condition that the applicant enter into an agreement with
the municipality to do any or all of the following:
(i) to construct or pay for the construction of a road
required to give access to the subdivision;
(ii) to construct or pay for the construction of
(A) a pedestrian walkway system to serve the
subdivision, or
(B) pedestrian walkways to connect the pedestrian
walkway system serving the subdivision with a
pedestrian walkway system that serves or is
proposed to serve an adjacent subdivision,
or both;
(iii) to install or pay for the installation of a public utility
described in section 616(v)(i) to (ix) that is necessary
to serve the subdivision, whether or not the public
utility is, or will be, located on the land that is the
subject of the subdivision approval;
(iv) to construct or pay for the construction of
(A) off-street or other parking facilities, and
(B) loading and unloading facilities;
(v) to pay an off-site levy or redevelopment levy
imposed by bylaw;
(vi) to give security to ensure that the terms of the
agreement under this section are carried out.
(2) A municipality may register a caveat under the Land Titles Act
in respect of an agreement under subsection (1)(b) against the
certificate of title for the parcel of land that is the subject of the
subdivision.
(3) If a municipality registers a caveat under subsection (2), the
municipality must discharge the caveat when the agreement has
been complied with.
(4) Where a condition on a subdivision approval has, prior to the
coming into force of this subsection, required the applicant to
399

Section 656

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

install a public utility or pay an amount for a public utility referred
to in subsection (1)(b)(iii), that condition is deemed to have been
validly imposed, whether or not the public utility was located on
the land that was the subject of the subdivision approval.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s655;2009 cA-26.8 s83;2015 c8 s71

Decision

656(1) A decision of a subdivision authority must be given in
writing to the applicant and to the Government departments,
persons and local authorities to which the subdivision authority is
required by the subdivision and development regulations to give a
copy of the application.
(2) A decision of a subdivision authority must state
(a) whether an appeal lies to a subdivision and development
appeal board or to the Municipal Government Board, and
(b) if an application for subdivision approval is refused, the
reasons for the refusal.
(3) If an application for subdivision approval is refused, the
subdivision authority may refuse to accept for consideration, with
respect to the same land or part of the same land, a further
application for subdivision approval submitted to it within the
6-month period after the date of the subdivision authority’s
decision to refuse the application.
(4) Section 640(5) does not apply in the case of an application that
was deemed to be refused under section 653.1(8).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s656;2016 c24 s111

Subdivision registration

657(1) An applicant for subdivision approval must submit to the
subdivision authority the plan of subdivision or other instrument
that effects the subdivision within one year from the latest of the
following dates:
(a) the date on which the subdivision approval is given to the
application;
(b) if there is an appeal to the subdivision and development
appeal board or the Municipal Government Board, the
date of that board’s decision or the date on which the
appeal is discontinued;
(c) if there is an appeal to the Court of Appeal under section
688, the date on which the judgment of the Court is
entered or the date on which the appeal is discontinued.

400

Section 658

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) On being satisfied that a plan of subdivision or other
instrument complies with a subdivision approval and that any
conditions imposed have been met, the subdivision authority must
endorse the plan or other instrument in accordance with the
subdivision and development regulations.
(3) On being satisfied that a plan of subdivision or other
instrument complies with a subdivision approval but conditions to
which the approval is subject have not been met, a subdivision
authority may endorse the plan or other instrument in accordance
with the subdivision and development regulations if the subdivision
authority is satisfied that the conditions will be met.
(4) If the plan of subdivision or other instrument is not submitted
to the subdivision authority within the time prescribed by
subsection (1) or any longer period authorized by the council, the
subdivision approval is void.
(5) If the plan of subdivision or other instrument is not registered
in a land titles office within one year after the date on which it is
endorsed pursuant to this section or within the extended period
prescribed under subsection (6), the subdivision approval of the
plan or instrument and the endorsement are void and the plan or
instrument may not be accepted by a Registrar for registration.
(6) The council may extend
(a) the one-year period referred to in subsection (1), or
(b) the one-year period referred to in subsection (5),
whether or not the time period under those subsections has expired.
1995 c24 s95

Cancellation of plan of subdivision

658(1) On the application of one or more owners of a parcel of
land in a plan of subdivision, a council may by bylaw order the
plan cancelled, in whole or in part.
(2) A council may pass a bylaw under subsection (1) only with the
consent of
(a) the owners of the parcel of land in the plan of subdivision,
(b) every person shown on the certificate of title of the land in
the plan of subdivision as having an estate or interest in it,
and
(c) the Crown in right of Alberta, if the plan of subdivision
shows a highway or road or other right of way vested in
the Crown for which no certificate of title has been issued.
401

Section 659

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) A plan cancellation may not be effected only or primarily for
the purpose of disposing of reserves.
(3.1) If all of a plan is cancelled, deferred reserve caveats and
environmental reserve easements are also cancelled.
(4) If all reserve land has been cancelled from a plan of
subdivision, the resulting parcel of land, if it is subsequently
subdivided, is subject to Division 8.
(5) If a plan is cancelled in part, a deferred reserve caveat may be
placed against the consolidated certificate of title reflecting any
reserve land that was cancelled and that will be owing if the parcel
is subsequently subdivided.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s658;2016 c24 s112

Collection of taxes

659 When a plan of subdivision or part of it has been cancelled,
all taxes, assessments or rates in arrears or due on the separate lots
or blocks within the area of which the plan has been cancelled
become taxes, assessments or rates on or in respect of the area, and
all the remedies for the enforcement and collection of taxes,
assessments and rates formerly applicable for the recovery of the
taxes, assessments or rates on the separate lots or blocks apply as if
the taxes, assessments or rates had been levied against the whole
area of the cancelled plan.
1995 c24 s95

Cancellation registered

660 On receipt of a copy of a bylaw under section 658 and on
payment of the applicable fees, the Registrar must
(a) cancel the plan of subdivision in whole or in part in
accordance with the bylaw,
(b) cancel the certificate of title issued according to the
original plan and issue any new certificates of title
required by the bylaw, and
(c) make any other cancellations and registrations and do all
things necessary to give effect to the bylaw.
1995 c24 s95

Division 8
Reserve Land,
Land for Roads and Utilities
Land dedication

661 The owner of a parcel of land that is the subject of a
proposed subdivision must provide, without compensation,
402

Section 661.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) to the Crown in right of Alberta or a municipality, land for
roads and public utilities,
(a.1) subject to section 663, to the Crown in right of Alberta or
a municipality, land for environmental reserve, and
(b) subject to section 663, to the Crown in right of Alberta, a
municipality, one or more school boards or a municipality
and one or more school boards, land for municipal
reserve, school reserve, municipal and school reserve,
money in place of any or all of those reserves or a
combination of reserves and money,
as required by the subdivision authority pursuant to this Division.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s661;2008 c37 s11;2016 c24 s113

Land for conservation reserve

661.1 The owner of a parcel of land that is the subject of a
proposed subdivision must provide to a municipality land for
conservation reserve as required by the subdivision authority
pursuant to this Division.
2016 c24 s114

Roads, utilities, etc.

662(1) A subdivision authority may require the owner of a parcel
of land that is the subject of a proposed subdivision to provide part
of that parcel of land for the purpose of roads, public utilities or
both.
(2) The land to be provided under subsection (1) may not exceed
30% of the area of the parcel of land less the land taken as
environmental reserve or as an environmental reserve easement.
(3) If the owner has provided sufficient land for the purposes
referred to in subsection (1) but the land is less than the maximum
amount authorized by subsection (2), the subdivision authority may
not require the owner to provide any more land for those purposes.
1995 c24 s95

Reserves not required

663 A subdivision authority may not require the owner of a parcel
of land that is the subject of a proposed subdivision to provide
reserve land or money in place of reserve land if
(a) one lot is to be created from a quarter section of land,
(b) land is to be subdivided into lots of 16.0 hectares or more
and is to be used only for agricultural purposes,
(c) the land to be subdivided is 0.8 hectares or less, or

403

Section 664

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) reserve land, environmental reserve easement or money in
place of it was provided in respect of the land that is the
subject of the proposed subdivision under this Part or the
former Act.
1995 c24 s95;1996 c30 s62

Environmental reserve

664(1) Subject to section 663 and subsection (2), a subdivision
authority may require the owner of a parcel of land that is the
subject of a proposed subdivision to provide part of that parcel of
land as environmental reserve if it consists of
(a) a swamp, gully, ravine, coulee or natural drainage course,
(b) land that is subject to flooding or is, in the opinion of the
subdivision authority, unstable, or
(c) a strip of land, not less than 6 metres in width, abutting
the bed and shore of any body of water.
(1.1) A subdivision authority may require land to be provided as
environmental reserve only for one or more of the following
purposes:
(a) to preserve the natural features of land referred to in
subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) where, in the opinion of the
subdivision authority, those features should be preserved;
(b) to prevent pollution of the land or of the bed and shore of
an adjacent body of water;
(c) to ensure public access to and beside the bed and shore of
a body of water lying on or adjacent to the land;
(d) to prevent development of the land where, in the opinion
of the subdivision authority, the natural features of the
land would present a significant risk of personal injury or
property damage occurring during development or use of
the land.
(1.2) For the purposes of subsection (1.1)(b) and (c), “bed and
shore” means the natural bed and shore as determined under the
Surveys Act.
(2) If the owner of a parcel of land that is the subject of a proposed
subdivision and the municipality agree that any or all of the land
that is to be taken as environmental reserve is instead to be the
subject of an environmental reserve easement for the protection and
enhancement of the environment, an easement may be registered
against the land in favour of the municipality at a land titles office.

404

Section 664

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The environmental reserve easement
(a) must identify which part of the parcel of land the
easement applies to,
(b) must require that land that is subject to the easement
remain in a natural state as if it were owned by the
municipality, whether or not the municipality has an
interest in land that would be benefitted by the easement,
(c) runs with the land on any disposition of the land,
(d) constitutes an interest in land in the municipality, and
(e) may be enforced by the municipality.
(4) An environmental reserve easement does not lapse by reason
only of
(a) non-enforcement of it,
(b) the use of the land that is the subject of the easement for a
purpose that is inconsistent with the purposes of the
easement, or
(c) a change in the use of land that surrounds or is adjacent to
the land that is the subject of the easement.
(5) When an easement is presented for registration under
subsection (2), the Registrar must endorse a memorandum of the
environmental reserve easement on any certificate of title relating
to the land.
(6) Despite section 48(4) of the Land Titles Act, an easement
registered under subsection (2) may be removed only pursuant to
section 658(3.1).
(7) An environmental reserve easement is deemed to be a
condition or covenant for the purposes of section 48(4) and (6) of
the Land Titles Act.
(8) Subject to subsection (7), this section applies despite section 48
of the Land Titles Act.
(9) A caveat registered under this section prior to April 30, 1998 is
deemed to be an environmental reserve easement registered under
this section.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s664;2016 c24 s115

405

Section 664.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Agreement respecting environmental reserve

664.1(1) In this section, “subdivision approval application” means
an application under section 653 for approval to subdivide a parcel
of land referred to in subsection (2).
(2) A municipality and an owner of a parcel of land may, before a
subdivision approval application is made or after it is made but
before it is decided, enter into a written agreement
(a) providing that the owner will not be required to provide
any part of the parcel of land to the municipality as
environmental reserve as a condition of subdivision
approval, or
(b) providing that the owner will be required to provide part
of the parcel of land to the municipality as environmental
reserve as a condition of subdivision approval, and
specifying the boundaries of that part.
(3) Where the agreement provides that the owner will not be
required to provide any part of the parcel of land to the
municipality as environmental reserve, the subdivision authority
must not require the owner to provide any part of the parcel as
environmental reserve as a condition of approving a subdivision
approval application.
(4) Where the agreement specifies the boundaries of the part of the
parcel of land that the owner will be required to provide to the
municipality as environmental reserve, the subdivision authority
must not require the owner to provide any other part of the parcel
as environmental reserve as a condition of approving a subdivision
approval application.
(5) Subsections (3) and (4) do not apply on a subdivision approval
application where either party to the agreement demonstrates that a
material change affecting the parcel of land occurred after the
agreement was made.
2016 c24 s116

Conservation reserve

664.2(1) A subdivision authority may require the owner of a
parcel of land that is the subject of a proposed subdivision to
provide part of that parcel of land to the municipality as
conservation reserve if
(a) in the opinion of the subdivision authority, the land has
environmentally significant features,
(b) the land is not land that could be required to be provided
as environmental reserve,
406

Section 665

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) the purpose of taking the conservation reserve is to enable
the municipality to protect and conserve the land, and
(d) the taking of the land as conservation reserve is consistent
with the municipality’s municipal development plan and
area structure plan.
(2) Within 30 days after the Registrar issues a new certificate of
title under section 665(2) for a conservation reserve, the
municipality must pay compensation to the landowner in an
amount equal to the market value of the land at the time the
application for subdivision approval was received by the
subdivision authority.
(3) If the municipality and the landowner disagree on the market
value of the land, the matter must be determined by the Land
Compensation Board.
2016 c24 s116;2017 c13 s2(19)

Designation of municipal land

665(1) A council may by bylaw require that a parcel of land or a
part of a parcel of land that it owns or that it is in the process of
acquiring be designated as municipal reserve, school reserve,
municipal and school reserve, environmental reserve, conservation
reserve or public utility lot.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), on receipt of a copy of a bylaw under
this section and the applicable fees, the Registrar must do all things
necessary to give effect to the order, including cancelling the
existing certificate of title and issuing a new certificate of title for
each newly created parcel of land with the designation of
(a) municipal reserve, which must be identified by a number
suffixed by the letters “MR”,
(b) public utility lot, which must be identified by a number
suffixed by the letters “PUL”,
(c) environmental reserve, which must be identified by a
number suffixed by the letters “ER”,
(c.1) conservation reserve, which must be identified by a
number suffixed by the letters “CR”,
(d) school reserve, which must be identified by a number
suffixed by the letters “SR”,
(e) municipal and school reserve, which must be identified by
a number suffixed by the letters “MSR”, or
(f) a lot, which must be identified by a number.
407

Section 666

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) The certificate of title for a municipal reserve, school reserve,
municipal and school reserve, environmental reserve, conservation
reserve or public utility lot under this section must be free of all
encumbrances, as defined in the Land Titles Act.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s665;2016 c24 s117

Municipal and school reserves

666(1) Subject to section 663, a subdivision authority may require
the owner of a parcel of land that is the subject of a proposed
subdivision
(a) to provide part of that parcel of land as municipal reserve,
school reserve or municipal and school reserve,
(b) to provide money in place of municipal reserve, school
reserve or municipal and school reserve, or
(c) to provide any combination of land or money referred to
in clauses (a) and (b).
(2) The aggregate amount of land that may be required under
subsection (1) may not exceed the percentage set out in the
municipal development plan, which may not exceed 10% of the
parcel of land less all land required to be provided as conservation
reserve or environmental reserve or made subject to an
environmental reserve easement.
(3) The total amount of money that may be required to be provided
under subsection (1) may not exceed 10% of the appraised market
value, determined in accordance with section 667, of the parcel of
land less all land required to be provided as conservation reserve or
environmental reserve or made subject to an environmental reserve
easement.
(3.1) For greater certainty, for the purposes of calculating the 10%
under subsection (2) or (3), the parcel of land includes any land
required to be provided under section 662.
(4) When a combination of land and money is required to be
provided, the sum of
(a) the percentage of land required under subsection (2), and
(b) the percentage of the appraised market value of the land
required under subsection (3)
may not exceed 10% or a lesser percentage set out in the municipal
development plan.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s666;2016 c24 s118

408

Section 667

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Money in place of municipal, school reserve

667(1) If money is required to be provided in place of municipal
reserve, school reserve or municipal and school reserve, the
applicant must provide
(a) a market value appraisal of the existing parcel of land as
of a specified date occurring within the 35-day period
following the date on which the application for
subdivision approval is made
(i) as if the use proposed for the land that is the subject
of the proposed subdivision conforms with any use
prescribed in a statutory plan or land use bylaw for
that land, and
(ii) on the basis of what might be expected to be realized
if the land were in an unsubdivided state and sold in
the open market by a willing seller to a willing buyer
on the date on which the appraisal is made,
or
(b) if the applicant and the subdivision authority agree, a land
value based on a method other than that described in
clause (a).
(2) If money is required to be provided in place of municipal
reserve, school reserve or municipal and school reserve, the
subdivision authority must specify the amount of money required
to be provided at the same time that subdivision approval is given.
1995 c24 s95

Additional municipal and school reserve

668(1) In this section, “developable land” means that area of land
that is the subject of a proposed subdivision less the total of
(a) land required to be provided for roads and public utilities
under section 662, and
(b) land required to be provided as reserve land.
(2) Subject to section 663, when in the opinion of the subdivision
authority a proposed subdivision would result in a density of 30
dwelling units or more per hectare of developable land, the
subdivision authority may require municipal reserve, school
reserve or municipal and school reserve in addition to that required
to be provided under section 666.
(3) The additional land that may be required to be provided under
subsection (2) may not exceed the equivalent of 5% of the

409

Section 669

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

developable land or a lesser percentage as prescribed in the
subdivision and development regulations.
1995 c24 s95

Deferment of municipal and school reserves

669(1) Despite sections 661(b) and 666, instead of requiring
municipal reserve, school reserve or municipal and school reserve
or money in place of any of them, a subdivision authority may
direct that the requirement to provide all or part of those reserves
be deferred against
(a) the remainder of the parcel that is the subject of the
proposed subdivision approval, or
(b) other land of the person applying for subdivision approval
that is within the same municipality as that parcel of land,
or both.
(2) If a deferment is directed under subsection (1), the subdivision
authority must file a caveat in a land titles office against the title of
the land to which the direction relates.
(3) The direction for a deferment under subsection (1) must
(a) state the name of the applicant for subdivision approval,
(b) describe the land that is the subject of the application for
subdivision approval,
(c) describe the land to which the deferment relates,
(d) state the area of the land referred to in clause (b), and
(e) state whether the deferment is in respect of municipal
reserve, school reserve or municipal and school reserve.
(4) If an application for subdivision approval is made in respect of
land against the title of which is filed a deferred reserve caveat
under this section or a former Act, the subdivision authority may,
in addition to requiring municipal reserve, school reserve or
municipal and school reserve to be provided in accordance with
this Division or a former Act, require to be provided all or part of
the reserve land in respect of which a deferment was directed or
required under this section or a former Act.
(5) If deferred reserve is provided in accordance with subsection
(4), the caveat must be discharged or amended accordingly.
(6) If a deferred reserve caveat was registered in a land titles office
under a former Act in respect of land in respect of which under
section 663 no reserve land could be required to be provided, the
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Section 670

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

registered owner may apply to the Registrar to endorse the
certificate of title with a memorandum cancelling the registration of
the caveat.
(7) On being satisfied that subsection (6) applies to the deferred
reserve caveat, the Registrar must endorse a memorandum on the
certificate of title cancelling the registration of the caveat.
1995 c24 s95;1996 c30 s64

Allocation of municipal and school reserve

670(1) When reserve land is required to be provided, the
subdivision authority must specify the amount, type and location of
reserve land that is to be provided, regardless of whether money is
also required to be provided, and allocate the municipal reserve,
school reserve and municipal and school reserve between the
municipality and each school board concerned as joint owners or as
separate owners
(a) in accordance with an agreement made between the
municipality and the school boards, or
(b) in the absence of an agreement, in accordance with the
needs of each of them as those needs are determined by
the subdivision authority.
(2) When money is required to be provided in place of municipal
reserve, school reserve or municipal and school reserve, the
subdivision authority must allocate the money between the
municipality and each school board concerned either jointly or
separately
(a) in accordance with an agreement made between the
municipality and the school boards, or
(b) in the absence of an agreement, in accordance with the
needs of each of them as determined by the subdivision
authority.
(3) When a combination of land and money is required to be
provided, the subdivision authority must
(a) specify the amount, type and location of reserve land that
is to be provided, and
(b) allocate the municipal reserve, school reserve or
municipal and school reserve or money in place of any or
all of them between the municipality and each school
board concerned
in accordance with an agreement made between the municipality
and the school boards, or in the absence of an agreement, in
411

Section 671

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

accordance with the needs of the municipality and the school
boards as determined by the subdivision authority.
(4) A decision concerning the allocation of municipal reserve,
school reserve, municipal and school reserve or money in place of
any or all of them must be made before an application for
subdivision approval is granted.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s670;2008 c37 ss10,11

Division 9
Use and Disposal of Reserve Land
Use of reserve land, money

671(1) Subject to section 676(1), environmental reserve must be
left in its natural state or be used as a public park.
(2) Municipal reserve, school reserve or municipal and school
reserve may be used by a municipality or school board or by them
jointly only for any or all of the following purposes:
(a) a public park;
(b) a public recreation area;
(c) school board purposes;
(d) to separate areas of land that are used for different
purposes.
(2.1) Community services reserve may be used by a municipality
for any or all of the following purposes:
(a) a public library;
(b) a police station, a fire station or an ambulance services
facility, or a combination of them;
(c) a non-profit day care facility;
(d) a non-profit senior citizens facility;
(e) a non-profit special needs facility;
(f) a municipal facility providing service directly to the
public;
(g) affordable housing.
(3) Despite that land is designated as municipal reserve, school
reserve or municipal and school reserve, the municipality and one
or more school boards may enter into any agreement they consider
412

Section 672

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

necessary with respect to a use referred to in subsection (2) or for
any matter related to the use.
(4) Money provided in place of municipal reserve, school reserve
or municipal and school reserve and the interest earned on that
money
(a) must be accounted for separately, and
(b) may be used only for any or all of the purposes referred to
in subsection (2).
(5) For the purposes of subsection (2)(c), “school board purposes”
means those purposes as determined by the Minister of Education
under subsection (6).
(6) The Minister of Education may, by order, determine school
board purposes for the purposes of subsection (5).
(7) An order made under subsection (6) is exempt from the
application of the Regulations Act.
(8) The Minister of Education must publish in The Alberta Gazette
a notice of any order made under subsection (6) and information
about where copies of the order may be obtained or are available to
the public.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s671;2008 c37 ss5,10,11

Transfer of school and other reserves to municipality

672(1) If a school board holds an interest in a school reserve,
municipal and school reserve or municipal reserve under this Part
or the former Act and declares that the reserve is surplus to the
school board’s needs, the school board must transfer its interest in
the land to the municipality where the reserve is located, for the
consideration agreed on between them.
(2) On the registration in a land titles office of a transfer of land or
an interest in land under subsection (1), the Registrar must
designate the land as municipal reserve.
(3) Despite subsection (2), the council of a municipality may by
bylaw require the school building footprint of the school reserve,
municipal and school reserve or municipal reserve referred to in
subsection (1) to be designated as community services reserve, in
which case the Registrar, on receipt of a copy of the bylaw and a
survey plan on which the school building footprint is outlined, must
(a) issue a new certificate of title for the school building
footprint with the designation of community services
reserve, which must be identified by a number suffixed by
the letters “CSR”, and
413

Section 673

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(b) issue a new certificate of title for the remaining land with
the designation of municipal reserve, which must be
identified in accordance with section 665(2)(a).
(4) The certificate of title for a community services reserve or a
municipal reserve under this section must be free of all
encumbrances as defined in the Land Titles Act.
(5) In subsection (3), “school building footprint” means
(a) the portion of the reserve on which a school building and
accompanying parking lot is situated, or
(b) if no school building is situated on the reserve, the area of
land on which a school and accompanying parking lot
would be located if they had been built as determined by
the municipality.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s672;2008 c37 s6;2016 c24 s119

Transfer to school authority

673(1) A municipality may transfer municipal reserve or its
interest in municipal and school reserve to a school board.
(2) On the registration in a land titles office of a transfer of land or
an interest in land under subsection (1), the Registrar must
designate the land as school reserve.
(3) If a transfer of land or an interest in land is effected pursuant to
this section, the requirements of sections 674 and 675 do not apply
to the transfer.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s673;2008 c37 s10

Disposal of municipal and school reserve

674(1) Despite section 70, if
(a) a council wishes to sell, lease or otherwise dispose of
municipal reserve or community services reserve, or
(b) a council and a school board wish to sell, lease or
otherwise dispose of municipal and school reserve,
a public hearing must be held in accordance with section 230 and
must be advertised in accordance with section 606.
(2) In addition to the notice required under subsection (1), notices
containing the information required under section 606 must be
posted on or near the municipal reserve, community services
reserve or municipal and school reserve that is the subject of the
hearing.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s674;2008 c37 ss7,10

414

Section 674.1

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Disposal of conservation reserve

674.1(1) Subject to this section, a municipality must not sell, lease
or otherwise dispose of conservation reserve and must ensure that
the land remains in its natural state.
(2) A municipality may dispose of conservation reserve if all of
the features referred to in section 664.2(1)(a) are wholly or
substantially destroyed by fire, flood or another event beyond the
municipality’s control with the result that, in the opinion of
council, there is no remaining purpose in protecting or conserving
the land.
(3) Before a municipality disposes of conservation reserve under
subsection (2),
(a) a public hearing must be held in accordance with section
230 and must be advertised in accordance with section
606, and
(b) notices containing the information required under section
606 must be posted on or near the conservation reserve
that is the subject of the hearing.
(4) Despite subsections (2) and (3),
(a) if a municipality receives a notice under section 103 of a
proposed amalgamation, the municipality must not
dispose of conservation reserve lying within the
municipality until after the report under section 106 is
submitted to the Minister and the amalgamation
proceedings, if any, are complete, and
(b) if a municipality receives a notice under section 116 of a
proposed annexation of land, the municipality must not
dispose of conservation reserve lying within the proposed
annexation area until after the report under section 118 is
submitted to the Municipal Government Board and the
annexation proceedings, if any, are complete.
2016 c24 s120

Removal of designation as conservation reserve

674.2(1) A council may, after taking into consideration the
representations made at a public hearing under section 674.1(3),
direct a designated officer to notify the Registrar that the provisions
of this Division have been complied with and request the Registrar
to remove the designation of conservation reserve.
(2) If the Registrar is satisfied that this Part has been complied
with, the Registrar must remove the designation in accordance with
the request made under subsection (1).
415

Section 675

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(3) On removal of the designation, the municipality may sell, lease
or otherwise dispose of the land, but the proceeds from the sale,
lease or other disposition may be used only for the purpose of
enabling the municipality to protect and conserve land that, in the
opinion of council, has environmentally significant features or for a
matter connected to that purpose.
2016 c24 s120;2017 c13 s2(20)

Removal of designation as municipal reserve

675(1) A council in the case of municipal reserve or community
services reserve or a council and a school board in the case of
municipal and school reserve may, after taking into consideration
the representations made at a public hearing under section 674(1),
direct a designated officer to notify the Registrar that the provisions
of this Division have been complied with and request the Registrar
to remove the designation of municipal reserve, community
services reserve or municipal and school reserve.
(2) If the Registrar is satisfied that this Part has been complied
with, the Registrar must remove the designation in accordance with
the request made under subsection (1).
(3) On removal of the designation, the municipality or the
municipality and the school board may sell, lease or otherwise
dispose of the land, but the proceeds from the sale, lease or other
disposition may be used
(a) in the case of the sale, lease or other disposition of a
municipal reserve or a municipal and school reserve,
only for any or all of the purposes referred to in
section 671(2) or for any matter connected to those
purposes, and
(b) in the case of the sale, lease or other disposition of a
community services reserve, only for any or all of the
purposes referred to in section 671(2.1) or for any
matter connected to those purposes.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s675;2008 c37 ss8,10

Changes to environmental reserve’s use or boundaries

676(1) A council may by bylaw, after giving notice in accordance
with section 606 and holding a public hearing in accordance with
section 230,
(a) use an environmental reserve for a purpose not specified
in section 671(1),
(b) transfer an environmental reserve to the Crown or an
agent of the Crown for consideration, as agreed,

416

Section 677

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) lease or dispose of an environmental reserve other than by
a sale for a term of not more than 3 years, and
(d) change the boundaries of an environmental reserve or
environmental reserve easement in order to correct an
omission, error or other defect in the certificate of title, or
to rectify an encroachment problem or other concern.
(2) A council may include terms and conditions in a bylaw under
subsection (1).
(3) Any proceeds from a lease or other disposition under
subsection (1) may be used only to provide land for any or all of
the purposes referred to in section 671(2).
(4) On receipt of a bylaw under subsection (1)(b) or (d), the
Registrar must cancel the existing certificates of title or amend an
environmental reserve easement affected by the bylaw and issue
any new certificates of title required by the bylaw.
1995 c24 s95

Road, etc., over reserve land

677 Despite section 671, a municipality or a municipality and a
school board may authorize
(a) the construction, installation and maintenance, or any of
them, of a roadway, public utility, pipeline as defined in
the Oil and Gas Conservation Act or transmission line as
defined in the Hydro and Electric Energy Act on, in, over
or under reserve land, or
(b) the maintenance and protection of reserve land,
if the interests of the public will not be adversely affected.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s677;2008 c37 s10

Division 10
Subdivision and Development Appeals
Subdivision Appeals
Appeals

678(1) The decision of a subdivision authority on an application
for subdivision approval may be appealed
(a) by the applicant for the approval,
(b) by a Government department if the application is required
by the subdivision and development regulations to be
referred to that department,

417

Section 678

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(c) by the council of the municipality in which the land to be
subdivided is located if the council, a designated officer of
the municipality or the municipal planning commission of
the municipality is not the subdivision authority, or
(d) by a school board with respect to
(i) the allocation of municipal reserve and school
reserve or money in place of the reserve,
(ii) the location of school reserve allocated to it, or
(iii) the amount of school reserve or money in place of
the reserve.
(2) An appeal under subsection (1) may be commenced by filing a
notice of appeal within 14 days after receipt of the written decision
of the subdivision authority or deemed refusal by the subdivision
authority in accordance with section 681
(a) with the Municipal Government Board
(i) if the land that is the subject of the application is
within the Green Area as classified by the Minister
responsible for the Public Lands Act,
(ii) if the land that is the subject of the application
contains, is adjacent to or is within the prescribed
distance of a highway, a body of water, a sewage
treatment or waste management facility or a
historical site, or
(iii) in any other circumstances described in the
regulations under section 694(1)(h.2),
or
(b) in all other cases, with the subdivision and development
appeal board.
(2.1) Despite subsection (2)(a), if the land that is the subject-matter
of the appeal would have been in an area described in subsection
(2)(a) except that the affected Government department agreed, in
writing, to vary the distance under the subdivision and
development regulations, the notice of appeal must be filed with
the subdivision and development appeal board.
(3) For the purpose of subsection (2), the date of receipt of the
decision is deemed to be 7 days from the date the decision is
mailed.
(4) A notice of appeal under this section must contain
418

Section 679

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(a) the legal description and municipal location, if applicable,
of the land proposed to be subdivided, and
(b) the reasons for appeal, including the issues in the decision
or the conditions imposed in the approval that are the
subject of the appeal.
(5) If the applicant files a notice of appeal within 14 days after
receipt of the written decision or the deemed refusal with the wrong
board, that board must refer the appeal to the appropriate board and
the appropriate board must hear the appeal as if the notice of appeal
had been filed with it and it is deemed to have received the notice
of appeal from the applicant on the date it receives the notice of
appeal from the first board.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s678;2008 c37 s10;2016 c24 s121

Notice of hearing

679(1) The board hearing an appeal under section 678 must give
at least 5 days’ written notice of the hearing to
(a) the applicant for subdivision approval,
(b) the subdivision authority that made the decision,
(c) if land that is the subject of the application is adjacent to
the boundaries of another municipality, that municipality,
(d) any school board to whom the application was referred,
and
(e) repealed 1996 c30 s66,
(f) every Government department that was given a copy of
the application pursuant to the subdivision and
development regulations.
(2) The board hearing an appeal under section 678 must give at
least 5 days’ notice of the hearing in accordance with subsection
(3) to owners of land that is adjacent to land that is the subject of
the application.
(3) A notice under subsection (2) must be given in accordance
with section 653(4.2).
(3.1) Subsections (1)(c), (d) and (f) and (2) do not apply to an
appeal of the deemed refusal of an application under section
653.1(8).
(4) For the purposes of this section, “adjacent land” and “owner”
have the same meanings as in section 653.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s679;2008 c37 s10;2016 c24 s122

419

Section 680

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Hearing and decision

680(1) The board hearing an appeal under section 678 is not
required to hear from any person or entity other than
(a) a person or entity that was notified pursuant to section
679(1), and
(b) each owner of adjacent land to the land that is the subject
of the appeal,
or a person acting on any of those persons’ behalf.
(1.1) For the purposes of subsection (1), “adjacent land” and
“owner” have the same meanings as in section 653.
(2) In determining an appeal, the board hearing the appeal
(a) must act in accordance with any applicable ALSA
regional plan;
(a.1) must have regard to any statutory plan;
(b) must conform with the uses of land referred to in a land
use bylaw;
(c) must be consistent with the land use policies;
(d) must have regard to but is not bound by the subdivision
and development regulations;
(e) may confirm, revoke or vary the approval or decision or
any condition imposed by the subdivision authority or
make or substitute an approval, decision or condition of
its own;
(f) may, in addition to the other powers it has, exercise the
same power as a subdivision authority is permitted to
exercise pursuant to this Part or the regulations or bylaws
under this Part.
(2.1) In the case of an appeal of the deemed refusal of an
application under section 653.1(8), the board must determine
whether the documents and information that the applicant provided
met the requirements of section 653.1(2).
(2.2) Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to an appeal of the deemed
refusal of an application under section 653.1(8).
(3) A subdivision and development appeal board hearing an appeal
under section 678 must hold the hearing within 30 days after
receiving a notice of appeal and give a written decision together
420

Section 681

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

with the reasons for the decision within 15 days after concluding
the hearing.
(4) The Municipal Government Board hearing an appeal under
section 678 must hold the hearing within 60 days after receiving a
notice of appeal and give a written decision together with the
reasons for the decision within 15 days after concluding the
hearing.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s680;2009 cA-26.8 s83;2016 c24 s123

Failure to make decision

681(1) If a subdivision authority fails or refuses to make a
decision on an application for subdivision approval within the time
prescribed by the subdivision and development regulations, the
applicant may, within 14 days after the expiration of the time
prescribed,
(a) treat the application as refused and appeal it in accordance
with section 678, or
(b) enter into a written agreement with the subdivision
authority to extend the time prescribed in the subdivision
and development regulations.
(2) If an agreement to extend is entered into pursuant to subsection
(1)(b) and the subdivision authority fails or refuses to make a
decision within the time prescribed in the agreement, the applicant
may, within 14 days after the expiration of the extended period,
treat the application as refused and appeal it in accordance with
section 678.
(3) A subdivision authority may not deal with an application for
subdivision approval after the expiration of the period of time
prescribed in the subdivision and development regulations for
making the decision unless an agreement is entered into pursuant to
subsection (1)(b).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s681;2015 c8 s72

Endorsement of subdivision plan

682(1) When on an appeal the Municipal Government Board or
the subdivision and development appeal board approves an
application for subdivision approval, the applicant must submit the
plan of subdivision or other instrument to the subdivision authority
from whom the appeal was made for endorsement by it.
(2) If a subdivision authority fails or refuses to endorse a plan of
subdivision or other instrument submitted to it pursuant to
subsection (1), the member of the board that heard the appeal who
is authorized to endorse the instrument may do so.
1995 c24 s95

421

Section 683

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Development Permits
Permit

683 Except as otherwise provided in a land use bylaw, a person
may not commence any development unless the person has been
issued a development permit in respect of it pursuant to the land
use bylaw.
1995 c24 s95

Development applications

683.1(1) A development authority must, within 20 days after the
receipt of an application for a development permit, determine
whether the application is complete.
(2) An application is complete if, in the opinion of the
development authority, the application contains the documents and
other information necessary to review the application.
(3) The time period referred to in subsection (1) may be extended
by an agreement in writing between the applicant and the
development authority or, if applicable, in accordance with a land
use bylaw made pursuant to section 640.1(a).
(4) If the development authority does not make a determination
referred to in subsection (1) within the time required under
subsection (1) or (3), the application is deemed to be complete.
(5) If a development authority determines that the application is
complete, the development authority must issue to the applicant an
acknowledgment in the form and manner provided for in the land
use bylaw that the application is complete.
(6) If the development authority determines that the application is
incomplete, the development authority must issue to the applicant a
notice in the form and manner provided for in the land use bylaw
that the application is incomplete and that any outstanding
documents and information referred to in the notice must be
submitted by a date set out in the notice or a later date agreed on
between the applicant and the development authority in order for
the application to be considered complete.
(7) If the development authority determines that the information
and documents submitted under subsection (6) are complete, the
development authority must issue to the applicant an
acknowledgment in the form and manner provided for in the land
use bylaw that the application is complete.
(8) If the applicant fails to submit all the outstanding information
and documents on or before the date referred to in subsection (6),
the application is deemed to be refused.
422

Section 684

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(9) If an application is deemed to be refused under subsection (8),
the development authority must issue to the applicant a notice in
the form and manner provided for in the land use bylaw that the
application has been refused and the reason for the refusal.
(10) Despite that the development authority has issued an
acknowledgment under subsection (5) or (7), in the course of
reviewing the application, the development authority may request
additional information or documentation from the applicant that the
development authority considers necessary to review the
application.
(11) If the development authority refuses the application for a
development permit, the development authority must issue to the
applicant a notice in the form and manner provided for in the land
use bylaw that the application has been refused and the reasons for
the refusal.
2016 c24 s125

Development Appeals
Permit deemed refused

684(1) The development authority must make a decision on the
application for a development permit within 40 days after the
receipt by the applicant of an acknowledgment under section
683.1(5) or (7) or, if applicable, in accordance with a land use
bylaw made pursuant to section 640.1(b).
(2) A time period referred to in subsection (1) may be extended by
an agreement in writing between the applicant and the development
authority.
(3) If the development authority does not make a decision referred
to in subsection (1) within the time required under subsection (1) or
(2), the application is, at the option of the applicant, deemed to be
refused.
(4) Section 640(5) does not apply in the case of an application that
was deemed to be refused under section 653.1(8) or 683.1(8).
RSA 2000 cM-26 s684;2016 c24 s126

Grounds for appeal

685(1) If a development authority
(a) fails or refuses to issue a development permit to a person,
(b) issues a development permit subject to conditions, or
(c) issues an order under section 645,

423

Section 686

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

the person applying for the permit or affected by the order under
section 645 may appeal to the subdivision and development appeal
board.
(2) In addition to an applicant under subsection (1), any person
affected by an order, decision or development permit made or
issued by a development authority may appeal to the subdivision
and development appeal board.
(3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), no appeal lies in respect of the
issuance of a development permit for a permitted use unless the
provisions of the land use bylaw were relaxed, varied or
misinterpreted or the application for the development permit was
deemed to be refused under section 683.1(8).
(4) Despite subsections (1), (2) and (3), if a decision with respect
to a development permit application in respect of a direct control
district
(a) is made by a council, there is no appeal to the subdivision
and development appeal board, or
(b) is made by a development authority, the appeal is limited
to whether the development authority followed the
directions of council, and if the subdivision and
development appeal board finds that the development
authority did not follow the directions it may, in
accordance with the directions, substitute its decision for
the development authority’s decision.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s685;2015 c8 s73;2016 c24 s127

Appeals

686(1) A development appeal to a subdivision and development
appeal board is commenced by filing a notice of the appeal,
containing reasons, with the board
(a) in the case of an appeal made by a person referred to in
section 685(1)
(i) with respect to an application for a development
permit,
(A) within 21 days after the date on which the
decision is made under section 642, or
(B) if no decision is made with respect to the
application within the 40-day period, or within
any extension of that period under section 684,
within 21 days after the date the period or
extension expires,

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or
(ii) with respect to an order under section 645, within 21
days after the date on which the order is made,
or
(b) in the case of an appeal made by a person referred to in
section 685(2), within 21 days after the date on which the
notice of the issuance of the permit was given in
accordance with the land use bylaw.
(2) The subdivision and development appeal board must hold an
appeal hearing within 30 days after receipt of a notice of appeal.
(3) The subdivision and development appeal board must give at
least 5 days’ notice in writing of the hearing
(a) to the appellant,
(b) to the development authority whose order, decision or
development permit is the subject of the appeal, and
(c) to those owners required to be notified under the land use
bylaw and any other person that the subdivision and
development appeal board considers to be affected by the
appeal and should be notified.
(4) The subdivision and development appeal board must make
available for public inspection before the commencement of the
hearing all relevant documents and materials respecting the appeal,
including
(a) the application for the development permit, the decision
and the notice of appeal, or
(b) the order under section 645.
(4.1) Subsections (1)(b) and (3)(c) do not apply to an appeal of a
deemed refusal under section 683.1(8).
(5) In subsection (3), “owner” means the person shown as the
owner of land on the assessment roll prepared under Part 9.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s686;2016 c24 s128;2017 c13 s1(65)

Hearing and decision

687(1) At a hearing under section 686, the subdivision and
development appeal board must hear
(a) the appellant or any person acting on behalf of the
appellant,
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(b) the development authority from whose order, decision or
development permit the appeal is made, or a person acting
on behalf of the development authority,
(c) any other person who was given notice of the hearing and
who wishes to be heard, or a person acting on behalf of
that person, and
(d) any other person who claims to be affected by the order,
decision or permit and that the subdivision and
development appeal board agrees to hear, or a person
acting on behalf of that person.
(2) The subdivision and development appeal board must give its
decision in writing together with reasons for the decision within 15
days after concluding the hearing.
(3) In determining an appeal, the subdivision and development
appeal board
(a) must act in accordance with any applicable ALSA
regional plan;
(a.1) must comply with any applicable land use policies;
(a.2) subject to section 638, must comply with any applicable
statutory plans;
(a.3) subject to clause (d), must comply with any land use
bylaw in effect;
(b) must have regard to but is not bound by the subdivision
and development regulations;
(c) may confirm, revoke or vary the order, decision or
development permit or any condition attached to any of
them or make or substitute an order, decision or permit of
its own;
(d) may make an order or decision or issue or confirm the
issue of a development permit even though the proposed
development does not comply with the land use bylaw if,
in its opinion,
(i) the proposed development would not
(A) unduly interfere with the amenities of the
neighbourhood, or
(B) materially interfere with or affect the use,
enjoyment or value of neighbouring parcels of
land,
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and
(ii) the proposed development conforms with the use
prescribed for that land or building in the land use
bylaw.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s687;2009 cA-26.8 s83;2015 c8 s74

Court of Appeal
Law, jurisdiction appeals

688(1) An appeal lies to the Court of Appeal on a question of law
or jurisdiction with respect to
(a) a decision of the subdivision and development appeal
board, and
(b) a decision made by the Municipal Government Board
(i) under section 619 respecting whether a proposed
statutory plan or land use bylaw amendment is
consistent with a licence, permit, approval or other
authorization granted under that section,
(ii) under section 648.1 respecting the imposition of an
off-site levy or the amount of the levy,
(iii) under section 678(2)(a) respecting a decision of a
subdivision authority, or
(iv) under section 690 respecting an intermunicipal
dispute.
(2) An application for permission to appeal must be filed and
served within 30 days after the issue of the decision sought to be
appealed, and notice of the application for permission to appeal
must be given to
(a) the Municipal Government Board or the subdivision and
development appeal board, as the case may be, and
(b) any other persons that the judge directs.
(2.1) If an applicant makes a written request for materials to the
Municipal Government Board or the subdivision and development
appeal board, as the case may be, for the purposes of the
application for permission to appeal under subsection (2), the
Municipal Government Board or the subdivision and development
appeal board, as the case may be, must provide the materials
requested within 14 days from the date on which the written
request is served.

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(2.2) An applicant shall not request under subsection (2.1) the
transcript of the hearing, but the Court of Appeal may, on
application or on its own motion, if satisfied that the transcript is
necessary for the purpose of determining the application for
permission to appeal, direct that the Municipal Government Board
or the subdivision and development appeal board, as the case may
be, provide the transcript within the time provided by the Court.
(3) On hearing the application and the representations of those
persons who are, in the opinion of the judge, affected by the
application, the judge may grant permission to appeal if the judge
is of the opinion that the appeal involves a question of law of
sufficient importance to merit a further appeal and has a reasonable
chance of success.
(4) If a judge grants permission to appeal, the judge may
(a) direct which persons or other bodies must be named as
respondents to the appeal,
(b) specify the questions of law or the questions of
jurisdiction to be appealed, and
(c) make any order as to the costs of the application that the
judge considers appropriate.
(4.1) On permission to appeal being granted by a judge of the
Court of Appeal, the appeal must proceed in accordance with the
practice and procedure of the Court of Appeal.
(4.2) The notice of appeal must be given to the parties affected by
the appeal and to the Municipal Government Board or the
subdivision and development appeal board, as the case may be.
(4.3) Within 30 days from the date that the permission to appeal is
obtained, the Municipal Government Board or the subdivision and
development appeal board, as the case may be, must forward to the
Registrar of the Court of Appeal the transcript and record of the
hearing, its findings and reasons for the decision.
(5) If an appeal is from a decision of a subdivision and
development appeal board, the municipality must be given notice
of the application for permission to appeal and the board and the
municipality
(a) are respondents in the application and, if permission to
appeal is granted, in the appeal, and
(b) are entitled to be represented by counsel at the application
and, if permission to appeal is granted, at the appeal.

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(6) If a decision of the Municipal Government Board is appealed,
the Board
(a) is a respondent in the application and, if permission to
appeal is granted, in the appeal, and
(b) is entitled to be represented by counsel at the application
and, if permission to appeal is granted, at the appeal.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s688;2007 c3 s5;2014 c13 s35;2016 c24 s130

Decision on appeal

689(1) On the hearing of the appeal,
(a) no evidence other than the evidence that was submitted to
the Municipal Government Board or the subdivision and
development appeal board may be admitted, but the Court
may draw any inferences
(i) that are not inconsistent with the facts expressly
found by the Municipal Government Board or the
subdivision and development appeal board, and
(ii) that are necessary for determining the question of
law or the question of jurisdiction,
and
(b) the Court may confirm, vary, reverse or cancel the
decision.
(2) In the event that the Court cancels a decision, the Court must
refer the matter back to the Municipal Government Board or the
subdivision and development appeal board, and the relevant board
must rehear the matter and deal with it in accordance with the
opinion of or any direction given by the Court on the question of
law or the question of jurisdiction.
(3) No member of the Municipal Government Board or a
subdivision and development appeal board is liable to costs by
reason or in respect of an application for permission to appeal or an
appeal under this Act.
(4) If the Court finds that the only ground for appeal established is
a defect in form or technical irregularity and that no substantial
wrong or miscarriage of justice has occurred, the Court may deny
the appeal, confirm the decision of the Municipal Government
Board or a subdivision and development appeal board despite the
defect and order that the decision takes effect from the time and on
the terms that the Court considers proper.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s689;2014 c13 s35

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Chapter M-26

Division 11
Intermunicipal Disputes
Intermunicipal disputes

690(1) A municipality that
(a) is of the opinion that a statutory plan or amendment or a
land use bylaw or amendment adopted by an adjacent
municipality has or may have a detrimental effect on it,
(b) has given written notice of its concerns to the adjacent
municipality prior to second reading of the bylaw, and
(c) has, as soon as practicable after second reading of the
bylaw, attempted to use mediation to resolve the matter,
may appeal the matter to the Municipal Government Board.
(1.1) An appeal under subsection (1) is to be brought by
(a) filing a notice of appeal and statutory declaration
described in subsection (2) with the Municipal
Government Board, and
(b) giving a copy of the notice of appeal and statutory
declaration to the adjacent municipality
within 30 days after the passing of the bylaw to adopt or amend the
statutory plan or land use bylaw.
(2) When appealing a matter to the Municipal Government Board,
the municipality must state the reasons in the notice of appeal why
a provision of the statutory plan or amendment or land use bylaw
or amendment has a detrimental effect and provide a statutory
declaration stating
(a) the reasons why mediation was not possible,
(b) that mediation was undertaken and the reasons why it was
not successful, or
(c) that mediation is ongoing and that the appeal is being filed
to preserve the right of appeal.
(3) A municipality, on receipt of a notice of appeal and statutory
declaration under subsection (1.1)(b), must, within 30 days, submit
to the Municipal Government Board and the municipality that filed
the notice of appeal a statutory declaration stating
(a) the reasons why mediation was not possible,

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(b) that mediation was undertaken and the reasons why it was
not successful, or
(c) that mediation is ongoing and that if the mediation is not
successful a further response will be provided within 30
days of its completion.
(4) When a notice of appeal and statutory declaration are filed
under subsection (1.1)(a) with the Municipal Government Board,
the provision of the statutory plan or amendment or land use bylaw
or amendment that is the subject of the appeal is deemed to be of
no effect and not to form part of the statutory plan or land use
bylaw from the date the notice of appeal and statutory declaration
are filed with the Board under subsection (1.1)(a) until the date the
Board makes a decision under subsection (5).
(5) If the Municipal Government Board receives a notice of appeal
and statutory declaration under subsection (1.1)(a), it must, in
accordance with subsection (5.1), decide whether the provision of
the statutory plan or amendment or land use bylaw or amendment
is detrimental to the municipality that made the appeal and may
(a) dismiss the appeal if it decides that the provision is not
detrimental, or
(b) subject to any applicable ALSA regional plan, order the
adjacent municipality to amend or repeal the provision, if
it is of the opinion that the provision is detrimental.
(5.1) In determining under subsection (5) whether the provision of
the statutory plan or amendment or land use bylaw or amendment
is detrimental to the municipality that made the appeal, the
Municipal Government Board must disregard section 638.
(6) A provision with respect to which the Municipal Government
Board has made a decision under subsection (5) is,
(a) if the Board has decided that the provision is to be
amended, deemed to be of no effect and not to form part
of the statutory plan or land use bylaw from the date of
the decision until the date on which the plan or bylaw is
amended in accordance with the decision, and
(b) if the Board has decided that the provision is to be
repealed, deemed to be of no effect and not to form part of
the statutory plan or land use bylaw from and after the
date of the decision.
(6.1) Any decision made by the Municipal Government Board
under this section in respect of a statutory plan or amendment or a
land use bylaw or amendment adopted by a municipality must be
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Chapter M-26

consistent with any growth plan approved under Part 17.1
pertaining to that municipality.
(7) Section 692 does not apply when a statutory plan or a land use
bylaw is amended or repealed according to a decision of the Board
under this section.
(8) The Municipal Government Board’s decision under this section
is binding, subject to the rights of either municipality to appeal
under section 688.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s690;2009 cA-26.8 s83;
2013 c17 s5;2015 c8 s75

Board hearing

691(1) The Municipal Government Board, on receiving a notice of
appeal and statutory declaration under section 690(1)(a), must
(a) commence a hearing within 60 days after receiving the
notice of appeal or a later time to which all parties agree,
and
(b) give a written decision within 30 days after concluding the
hearing.
(2) The Municipal Government Board is not required to give
notice to or hear from any person other than the municipality
making the appeal, the municipality against whom the appeal is
launched and the owner of the land that is the subject of the appeal.
1995 c24 s95;1999 c11 s45

Division 12
Bylaws, Regulations
Planning bylaws

692(1) Before giving second reading to
(a) a proposed bylaw to adopt an intermunicipal development
plan,
(b) a proposed bylaw to adopt a municipal development plan,
(c) a proposed bylaw to adopt an area structure plan,
(d) a proposed bylaw to adopt an area redevelopment plan,
(e) a proposed land use bylaw, or
(f) a proposed bylaw amending a statutory plan or land use
bylaw referred to in clauses (a) to (e),

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Chapter M-26

a council must hold a public hearing with respect to the proposed
bylaw in accordance with section 230 after giving notice of it in
accordance with section 606.
(2) Despite subsection (1), if a proposed development relates to
more than one proposed bylaw referred to in subsection (1), the
council may hold a single public hearing.
(3) Despite subsection (1), in the case of a public hearing for a
proposed bylaw adopting or amending an intermunicipal
development plan,
(a) councils may hold a joint public hearing to which section
184 does not apply, and
(b) municipalities may act jointly to satisfy the advertising
requirements of section 606.
(4) In the case of an amendment to a land use bylaw to change the
district designation of a parcel of land, the municipality must, in
addition to the requirements of subsection (1),
(a) include in the notice described in section 606(2)
(i) the municipal address, if any, and the legal address of
the parcel of land, and
(ii) a map showing the location of the parcel of land,
(b) give written notice containing the information described
in clause (a) and in section 606(6) to the assessed owner
of that parcel of land at the name and address shown on
the assessment roll of the municipality, and
(c) give a written notice containing the information described
in clause (a) and in section 606(6) to each owner of
adjacent land at the name and address shown for each
owner on the assessment roll of the municipality.
(5) If the land referred to in subsection (4)(c) is in another
municipality, the written notice must be given to that municipality
and to each owner of adjacent land at the name and address shown
for each owner on the tax roll of that municipality.
(6) Despite subsection (1), a bylaw referred to in subsection (1)
may be amended without giving notice or holding a public hearing
if the amendment corrects clerical, technical, grammatical or
typographical errors and does not materially affect the bylaw in
principle or substance.

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Chapter M-26

(6.1) Subsection (1)(f) does not apply in respect of a proposed
bylaw amending a statutory plan or land use bylaw to specify the
purposes of a community services reserve.
(7) In this section,
(a) “adjacent land” means land that is contiguous to the parcel
of land that is being redesignated and includes
(i) land that would be contiguous if not for a highway,
road, river or stream, and
(ii) any other land identified in the land use bylaw as
adjacent land for the purpose of notifications under
this section;
(b) “owner” means the person shown as the owner of land on
the assessment roll prepared under Part 9.
(8) If an ALSA regional plan requires a council to pass a bylaw
referred to in this section, the council must
(a) consider whether, in view of the requirement in the ALSA
regional plan, consultation is necessary, desirable or
beneficial, and
(b) decide whether or not to proceed with consultation.
(9) If a council decides under subsection (8) that consultation is
neither necessary nor desirable or would not be beneficial,
subsections (1) to (7) do not apply to the council in respect of the
bylaw concerned.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s692;2008 c37 s9;2009 cA-26.8 s83

Airport vicinity regulations

693(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) establishing international airport vicinity protection areas
surrounding the Calgary International Airport and the
Edmonton International Airport;
(b) controlling, regulating or prohibiting any use and
development of land within an international airport
vicinity protection area.
(2) Unless the contrary is expressed in regulations made under
subsection (1), those regulations
(a) operate despite any statutory plan, land use bylaw or other
regulations under this Part, and

434

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Chapter M-26

(b) are binding on any subdivision authority, development
authority and subdivision and development appeal board
and the Municipal Government Board.
(3) If a municipality is affected by a regulation under subsection
(1), the municipality must amend the statutory plan relating to that
area and its land use bylaw to conform with the regulation.
(4) Section 692 does not apply to an amendment pursuant to
subsection (3).
1995 c24 s95

Development in floodways

693.1(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make
regulations
(a) controlling, regulating or prohibiting any use or
development of land that is located in a floodway within a
municipal authority, including, without limitation,
regulations specifying the types of developments that are
authorized in a floodway;
(b) exempting a municipal authority or class of municipal
authorities from the application of all or part of this
section or the regulations made under this subsection, or
both;
(c) modifying or suspending the application or operation of
any provision of this Act for the purposes of giving effect
to this section;
(d) defining, or respecting the meaning of, “floodway” for the
purposes of this section and the regulations made under
this subsection.
(2) Unless the contrary is expressed in regulations made under
subsection (1), those regulations
(a) operate despite any statutory plan, land use bylaw or other
regulations under this Part, and
(b) are binding on any subdivision authority, development
authority and subdivision and development appeal board
and the Municipal Government Board.
(3) If a municipal authority is affected by a regulation made under
subsection (1), the municipal authority must amend any relevant
statutory plan and its land use bylaw to conform with the
regulation.

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(4) Section 692 does not apply to an amendment pursuant to
subsection (3).
2013 c21 s2

Regulations

694(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) respecting applications for the subdivision and
development of land;
(b) respecting subdivision and development standards and
requirements;
(c) respecting the information to be contained in a
subdivision authority’s notice of a decision;
(c.1) respecting the information to be contained in a
development authority’s notice of a decision or order;
(d) respecting the additional municipal reserve, school reserve
or municipal and school reserve that a subdivision
authority may require to be provided under this Part;
(e) respecting the records to be kept by a subdivision
authority and a development authority;
(f) prescribing the conditions that a subdivision authority and
a development authority are permitted to impose when
granting subdivision or development approval in addition
to those conditions permitted to be imposed under this
Part;
(g) conferring or imposing, with or without conditions, any
power or duty under the regulations on the Minister, the
Municipal Government Board, a subdivision authority or
a development authority;
(h) prescribing distances for the purpose of section
678(2)(a)(ii);
(h.1) defining “historical site” for the purpose of section
678(2)(a)(ii);
(h.2) setting out circumstances for the purpose of section
678(2)(a)(iii);
(i) authorizing the Minister or the Minister’s delegate to
order, either generally or specifically, that all or part of
the regulations under this subsection do not apply to all or
part of Alberta.
(2) A regulation under subsection (1)
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(a) may be called a subdivision and development regulation,
(b) may apply generally or specifically in Alberta, and
(c) operates despite any other regulation or bylaw pursuant to
this Part.
(3) The Regulations Act does not apply to orders under subsection
(1)(i).
(4) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) respecting the calculation of an off-site levy in a bylaw for
a purpose referred to in section 648(2.1) and the
maximum amount that a municipality may establish or
impose and collect as a redevelopment levy or an off-site
levy, either generally or specifically;
(b) respecting the principles and criteria that must be applied
by a municipality when passing an off-site levy bylaw;
(c) respecting the determination of the benefitting area for a
purpose under section 648(2) or 648(2.1) and the extent of
the anticipated benefit to the future occupants of the land
on which the off-site levy is being imposed;
(d) respecting appeals to the Municipal Government Board
under section 648.1, including, without limitation,
(i) the filing of a notice of an appeal,
(ii) the time within which an appeal may be brought, and
(iii) the process and procedures of an appeal;
(e) respecting transportation infrastructure to connect, or to
improve the connection of, municipal roads to provincial
highways resulting from a subdivision or development;
(f) respecting intermunicipal off-site levies.
(5) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
directing a municipality, with or without conditions, to amend its
statutory plans and land use bylaw.
(5.1) If the Natural Resources Conservation Board, Energy
Resources Conservation Board, Alberta Energy Regulator or
Alberta Utilities Commission grants a licence, permit, approval or
other authorization that refers to environmental or physical
limitations with respect to the development of land, and regulations
are made under section 618(4) with respect to the development of
437

Section 694

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that land, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make
regulations
(a) requiring the developer to apply to the Registrar to
register a caveat against the land subject to the limitation
referred to in the licence, permit, approval or other
authorization, and
(b) respecting the contents of the caveat.
(5.2) When a caveat is presented for registration under subsection
(5.1), the Registrar must endorse a memorandum referring to the
licence, permit, approval or other authorization on any certificate of
title for land to which the limitations described in subsection (5.1)
apply.
(5.3) A caveat that is registered pursuant to a regulation under
subsection (5.1)(a) runs with the land.
(5.4) Sections 137 and 138 of the Land Titles Act do not apply to a
caveat referred to in subsections (5.1), (5.2), (5.3) and (5.5).
(5.5) Section 8 of the Canmore Undermining Review Regulation
(AR 114/97) is validated and is deemed to have been made under
this section.
(5.6) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
respecting the exemption of The Town of Canmore, its councillors,
officers and employees and volunteers performing duties under the
direction of The Town of Canmore or performing duties for
organizations established by The Town of Canmore from liability
with respect to the development of designated land, as defined in
the Canmore Undermining Review Regulation (AR 114/97), by
persons other than The Town of Canmore, its councillors, officers
and employees and volunteers performing duties under the
direction of The Town of Canmore or performing duties for
organizations established by The Town of Canmore.
(5.7) The Canmore Undermining Exemption from Liability
Regulation (AR 113/97) is validated, is not repealed in accordance
with section 603(2) and is deemed to have been made under this
section.
(6) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) by which municipalities may define land in the vicinity of
an airport for purposes of this section,
(b) prescribing how municipalities are to manage the use and
development of land in the vicinity of an airport, and

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Section 697

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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(c) respecting the control, use and development of land in the
vicinity of an airport.
(7) A regulation under subsection (6)
(a) may be called a general airport vicinity protection area
regulation, and
(b) may apply generally or specifically in Alberta.
RSA 2000 cM-26 s694;2003 c43 s4; 2007 cA-37.2 s82(17);
2012 cR-17.3 s95; 2016 c24 s131;2017 c13 ss1(66),2(21)

Division 13
Transitional
695 and 696 Repealed by Revision.
Zoning caveat

697(1) On September 1, 1995 a zoning caveat prepared and signed
by the Director of Town and Rural Planning or the Provincial
Planning Director and registered in a land titles office under a
former Act ceases to have effect.
(2) On and after September 1, 1995, the owner of a parcel of land
that is affected by a caveat referred to in subsection (1) may apply
to the Registrar to endorse the certificate of title with a
memorandum cancelling the registration of the zoning caveat.
(3) On receipt of an application under subsection (2) and on being
satisfied that the caveat is a zoning caveat, the Registrar must
cancel the registration of the caveat.
AR 49/2002 s6;2002 c30 s23

698 to 708 Repealed by Revision.

Part 17.1
Growth Management Boards
Interpretation

708.01(1) In this Part,
(a) “growth management board” means a growth
management board established by regulation under
section 708.02;

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(b) “growth plan” means an integrated growth management
plan, including any amendments to that plan, approved by
the Minister under section 708.1;
(c) “growth region” means all or part of the land lying within
the boundaries of the participating municipalities of a
growth management board that is designated by regulation
under section 708.02 as the growth region for that growth
management board;
(d) “municipal agreement” means an agreement entered into
by a participating municipality;
(e) “participating municipality” means a municipality that is
designated by regulation under section 708.02 as a
member of the growth management board;
(f) “representative” means a person appointed by a
participating municipality under section 708.04 to
represent the participating municipality on a growth
management board;
(g) “statutory plan” means
(i) a statutory plan as defined in section 616(dd), or
(ii) an amendment to a statutory plan referred to in
subclause (i).
(2) A reference in any other Part of this Act to a resolution or
bylaw does not include a resolution passed or bylaw made by a
growth management board.
2013 c17 s6

Purpose

708.011 The purposes of this Part are
(a) subject to clause (b), to enable 2 or more municipalities to
initiate, on a voluntary basis, the establishment of a
growth management board, and
(b) to establish growth management boards for the Edmonton
and Calgary regions
to provide for integrated and strategic planning for future growth in
municipalities.
2013 c17 s6;2016 c24 s132

440

Section 708.02

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Division 1
Establishment and Operation of
Growth Management Boards
Establishing growth management board

708.02(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council, on the
recommendation of the Minister on the request of 2 or more
municipalities, may establish a growth management board in
respect of those municipalities by regulation.
(1.1) Despite subsection (1), the Lieutenant Governor in Council
must by regulation establish a growth management board for both
the Edmonton region and the Calgary region and determine the
membership of each of those boards.
(1.2) For the purposes of subsection (1.1), the growth management
board established under the Capital Region Board Regulation
(AR 38/2012) is deemed to be a growth management board for the
Edmonton region.
(2) The regulation establishing a growth management board must
(a) specify the name of the growth management board,
(b) designate the municipalities that are members of the
growth management board,
(c) designate all or part of the land lying within the
boundaries of the participating municipalities as the
growth region for the growth management board,
(d) require the growth management board to prepare a growth
plan for the growth region,
(e) specify the objectives of the growth plan,
(f) specify the contents of the growth plan,
(g) specify the timelines for completing the growth plan,
(h) specify the form of the growth plan,
(i) specify the desired effect of the growth plan,
(j) specify regional services and the funding of those
services, and
(k) specify the process for establishing or amending the
growth plan.

441

Section 708.03

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

(3) The regulation establishing a growth management board may
deal with one or more of the following matters:
(a) the appointment of persons to represent the participating
municipalities;
(b) the appointment of the chair of the growth management
board, including, if necessary, the appointment of an
interim chair;
(c) the voting rights of the participating municipalities;
(d) the mandate of the growth management board;
(e) subject to this Part, the powers, duties and functions of
(i) the growth management board, and
(ii) the representatives on the growth management board;
(f) - (l) repealed 2016 c24 s133;
(m) the application of section 708.14 in respect of a
participating municipality;
(n) any other matter or thing that the Lieutenant Governor in
Council considers necessary or advisable to carry out the
purposes of this Part.
2013 c17 s6;2016 c24 s133

Corporation

708.03(1) A growth management board is a corporation
consisting of
(a) the participating municipalities, as represented by the
representatives, and
(b) the persons appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in
Council under subsection (2).
(2) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may appoint one or more
persons to a growth management board to represent the
Government of Alberta, but those persons do not have voting
rights.
2013 c17 s6

Appointment of representative

708.04 Each participating municipality must, in accordance with
the regulation establishing the growth management board of which
the participating municipality is a member, appoint a person to
represent the participating municipality on the growth management
board.
2013 c17 s6

442

Section 708.041

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

Meetings of growth management board

708.041(1) Growth management boards and their committees
must conduct their meetings in public unless subsection (2) or (3)
applies.
(2) Growth management boards and their committees may close
all or part of their meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed
is within one of the exceptions to disclosure in Division 2 of Part 1
of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
(3) Growth management boards and their committees may close
all or part of their meetings to the public if a matter to be discussed
is of a class prescribed or otherwise described in the regulations
under subsection (8).
(4) When a meeting is closed to the public, no resolution or bylaw
may be passed at the meeting, except a resolution to revert to a
meeting held in public.
(5) Before closing any part of a meeting to the public, a growth
management board or growth management board committee must
by resolution approve
(a) the part of the meeting that is to be closed, and
(b) the basis on which, under an exception to disclosure in
Division 2 of Part 1 of the Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act or under the regulations under
subsection (8), the part of the meeting is to be closed.
(6) After the closed meeting discussions are completed, any
members of the public who are present outside the meeting room
must be notified that the rest of the meeting is now open to the
public, and a reasonable amount of time must be given for those
members of the public to return to the meeting before it continues.
(7) Where a growth management board or growth management
board committee closes all or part of a meeting to the public, the
board or committee may allow one or more other persons to attend,
as it considers appropriate, and the minutes of the meeting must
record the names of those persons and the reasons for allowing
them to attend.
(8) The Minister may make regulations prescribing or otherwise
describing classes of matters for the purposes of subsection (3).
2015 c8 s76

Powers and duties of growth management board

708.05(1) Except as provided for in the regulations under
subsection (3), Divisions 3 and 4 of Part 15.1 and any regulations
made under those Divisions apply with any necessary
443

Section 708.06

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

modifications in respect of a growth management board as if it
were a regional services commission.
(2) Except as provided for in the regulations under subsection (3),
Divisions 3 and 4 of Part 15.1 and any regulations made under
those Divisions apply with any necessary modifications in respect
of the representatives on a growth management board as if those
representatives were directors of a regional services commission.
(3) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
modifying any provision of Division 3 or 4 of Part 15.1 for the
purpose of applying the provision to a growth management board
or to the representatives on a growth management board.
2013 c17 s6;2015 c8 s77

Compliance with ALSA regional plans

708.06 In carrying out its functions and in exercising its
jurisdiction under this Part and other enactments, a growth
management board must act in accordance with any applicable
ALSA regional plans.
2013 c17 s6

Delegation

708.07(1) Subject to subsection (2), a growth management board
may delegate any of its powers, duties or functions under this Part
or any other enactment to a committee, official or employee of the
growth management board.
(2) A growth management board may not delegate
(a) the power to make bylaws;
(b) the power to borrow money;
(c) the power to adopt budgets;
(d) the power to approve financial statements;
(e) the power to appoint an auditor;
(f) the power to recommend the approval of a growth plan.
2013 c17 s6

Bylaws

708.08(1) A growth management board may make bylaws
respecting its conduct and affairs, including, without limitation,
rules and procedures for dealing with matters before the growth
management board.

444

Section 708.09

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(2) Unless the Minister directs otherwise, a bylaw made under
subsection (1) does not come into force until it has been approved
by the Minister.
(3) The Regulations Act does not apply to a bylaw made under
subsection (1).
2013 c17 s6

Annual report of growth management board

708.09(1) A growth management board must, within 120 days
after the end of every financial year, submit to the Minister a report
summarizing its activities during the financial year.
(2) On receiving the report under subsection (1), the Minister must
lay a copy of it before the Legislative Assembly if it is then sitting
or, if it is not then sitting, within 15 days after the commencement
of the next sitting.
2013 c17 s6;2015 c8 s78

Division 2
Approval and Effective
Date of Growth Plan
Approval of growth plan

708.1(1) On receiving a proposed growth plan from a growth
management board, the Minister may by order approve the growth
plan or reject it.
(2) A growth plan is not a regulation within the meaning of the
Regulations Act.
2013 c17 s6

Effective date of growth plan

708.11 A growth plan takes effect on the date specified by the
Minister.
2013 c17 s6

Division 3
Effect of Growth Plan
Actions must conform with growth plan

708.12(1) Despite any other enactment, no participating
municipality shall take any of the following actions that conflict or
are inconsistent with a growth plan:
(a) undertake a public work, improvement, structure or other
thing;
(b) adopt a statutory plan;
(c) make a bylaw or pass a resolution;
445

Section 708.13

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(d) enter into a municipal agreement.
(2) If a growth management board finds that a participating
municipality has taken an action described in subsection (1)(a) that
conflicts or is inconsistent with a growth plan, the growth
management board may, by written notice to the participating
municipality, order the participating municipality to stop the action
within the time set out in the notice.
(3) If a participating municipality fails or refuses to comply with a
notice under subsection (2), the growth management board may
apply to the Court of Queen’s Bench for an injunction or other
order.
(4) The Court of Queen’s Bench may grant or refuse the injunction
or other order or may make any order that in the opinion of the
Court is just in the circumstances.
2013 c17 s6

Plan prevails

708.13 Despite any other enactment, but subject to section
708.14(5), a growth plan prevails in the event of a conflict or
inconsistency between the growth plan and a statutory plan, bylaw,
resolution or municipal agreement of a participating municipality.
2013 c17 s6

Conformity with growth plan

708.14(1) The council of a participating municipality must amend
every statutory plan and bylaw as necessary to conform with a
growth plan no later than the date specified by the growth
management board.
(2) If the council of a participating municipality fails to amend a
statutory plan or bylaw in accordance with subsection (1), the
statutory plan or bylaw is deemed to be invalid to the extent that it
conflicts or is inconsistent with a growth plan.
(3) The Minister may, in respect of a municipal agreement entered
into by a participating municipality that conflicts or is inconsistent
with a growth plan, require the council of the participating
municipality, to the extent possible under the terms of the
municipal agreement,
(a) to amend the municipal agreement so that it conforms to
the growth plan, or
(b) to terminate the municipal agreement.
(4) If the council of a participating municipality fails to amend or
terminate a municipal agreement when required to do so by the
Minister under subsection (3), the municipal agreement is deemed
446

Section 708.15

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

to be invalid to the extent that it conflicts or is inconsistent with the
growth plan.
(5) Except as otherwise provided in the regulation establishing the
growth management board of which the participating municipality
is a member, section 708.13 and this section apply to statutory
plans adopted, bylaws made, resolutions passed and municipal
agreements entered into before or after the coming into force of
that regulation.
2013 c17 s6

Conflict with ALSA regional plans

708.15 In the event of a conflict or inconsistency between a
growth plan and an ALSA regional plan, the ALSA regional plan
prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.
2013 c17 s6

Division 4
General Matters
Effect of regulation on existing statutory plans

708.16 For greater certainty, except as provided in this Part and
Part 17, all statutory plans of a participating municipality that are in
effect on the coming into force of the regulation establishing the
growth management board of which the participating municipality
is a member remain in full force and effect.
2013 c17 s6

Information must be provided

708.17(1) A participating municipality must, when required in
writing by the growth management board to do so, provide the
growth management board with information about the participating
municipality that the growth management board requires.
(2) A participating municipality that contravenes subsection (1) is
guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of not more than $10 000.
(3) This section does not apply to information acquired by a
participating municipality that is subject to any type of legal
privilege, including solicitor-client privilege.
2013 c17 s6

Matters before the Municipal Government Board

708.18(1) If
(a) a matter relating to land within a growth region is
appealed to the Municipal Government Board, or
(b) the Municipal Government Board is considering an
application for an annexation of land involving 2 or more
participating municipalities,
447

Section 708.19

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

the Minister may by order direct the Municipal Government Board
to defer its consideration of the matter or application.
(2) When the Minister makes an order under subsection (1), all
steps in the appeal or application, as the case may be, are stayed as
of the date of the order until the Minister gives notice to the
Municipal Government Board that the appeal or application may be
continued.
(3) This section applies to an appeal or application commenced
after the coming into force of the regulation establishing the growth
management board
(a) in respect of which the land referred to in subsection
(1)(a) is part of the growth region, or
(b) of which the participating municipalities referred to in
subsection (1)(b) are members.
2013 c17 s6

Limitation of actions

708.19 No cause of action arises as a result of
(a) the enactment of this Part,
(b) the making of a regulation, bylaw or order under this Part,
or
(c) anything done or omitted to be done in accordance with
this Part or a regulation, bylaw or order made under this
Part.
2013 c17 s6

No remedy

708.2 No costs, compensation or damages are owing or payable
to any person, and no remedy, including in contract, restitution or
trust, is available to any person in connection with anything
referred to in section 708.19.
2013 c17 s6

Proceedings barred

708.21 No proceedings, including any proceedings in contract,
restitution or trust, that are based on anything referred to in section
708.19, may be brought or maintained against any person.
2013 c17 s6

448

Section 708.22

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

No expropriation or injurious affection

708.22 Nothing done or omitted to be done in accordance with
this Part or a regulation, bylaw or order made under this Part
constitutes an expropriation or injurious affection for the purposes
of the Expropriation Act or otherwise.
2013 c17 s6

Appeal or dispute resolution mechanism

708.23(1) A growth management board must at its inception
establish by bylaw an appeal mechanism or dispute resolution
mechanism, or both, for the purposes of resolving disputes arising
from actions taken or decisions made by the growth management
board.
(2) Section 708.08(2) and (3) apply to a bylaw made under this
section as if the bylaw were made under that section.
2013 c17 s6

Ministerial orders

708.24(1) In addition to any other orders that the Minister may
make under this Part, the Minister may make any one or more of
the following orders:
(a) an order providing for transitional matters related to the
coming into force of this Part;
(b) an order respecting the requisition of operating and capital
costs of a growth management board;
(c) subject to the regulations, an order respecting the
management, duties and functions of a growth
management board;
(d) an order respecting the records to be kept by a growth
management board and the manner in which they are to be
kept and respecting which reports are to be submitted to
the Minister;
(e) an order providing for any other matter that the Minister
considers necessary for carrying out the purposes of this
Part.
(2) In addition to the orders the Minister may make under
subsection (1), the Minister may by order take any action that a
growth management board may or must take under this Part or a
regulation under this Part.
(3) If there is a conflict or inconsistency between an order made by
the Minister under subsection (2) and an action taken by a growth
management board, the Minister’s order prevails to the extent of
the conflict or inconsistency.
449

Section 708.25

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(4) The Regulations Act does not apply to an order made under
subsection (1)(c) or (d) or (2).
2013 c17 s6

Transitional

708.25(1) The Capital Region Board Regulation (AR 38/2012), in
addition to being declared valid under section 603.1, is deemed, on
the coming into force of this section, to have been made under this
Part.
(2) If there is a conflict or inconsistency between a provision of the
Capital Region Board Regulation (AR 38/2012) as it read on the
date of the coming into force of this section and a provision of this
Part, the Capital Region Board Regulation (AR 38/2012) prevails
to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.
(3) For greater certainty but without limiting the generality of
subsection (2), sections 708.011, 708.02(1) and 708.23 do not
apply to the Capital Region Board Regulation (AR 38/2012).
2013 c17 s6

Part 18
Transitional Provisions
709 Repealed by Revision.
Transitional regulations

710(1) The Minister may make regulations
(a) respecting the conversion to this Act of anything from the
former Acts or from any other Act repealed by this Act;
(b) to deal with any difficulty or impossibility resulting from
this Act or the transition to this Act from the former Acts
or from any other Act repealed by this Act.
(2) In this section, “former Acts” means
(a) the Assessment Appeal Board Act, RSA 1980 cA-46;
(b) the County Act, RSA 1980 cC-27;
(c) the Improvement Districts Act, RSA 1980 cI-1;
(d) the Municipal Government Act, RSA 1980 cM-26;
(e) the Municipal Taxation Act, RSA 1980 cM-31;

450

Section 710

MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACT

RSA 2000
Chapter M-26

(f) the Municipalities Assessment and Equalization Act, RSA
1980 cM-32.
1994 cM-26.1 s617;1995 c24 ss94,96

711 to 740 OBNR – RSA.

451

Municipal Government Act - Index

Aboriginal peoples. See Indian bands
and reserves
access
information
assessment, 299–301
auditors (See auditors and audits)
salaries, 217(3)
planning
development permit condition,
650(1)(a)
environmental reserve access to
water, 664(1)(c)(ii)
from a lot to road, 640(4)(h)
to a subdivision, 655(1)(b)(i)
accounting standards. See also
financial administration
definition of, 241(a)
accounts, municipal. See banks and
banking
acquisition of land
area redevelopment plans, 635(a)(iv)
conservation reserves, 644(3), 661.1
expropriation (See expropriation)
improvement districts, 601
land designated for public use under
land use bylaw, 644
minerals acquisition under tax
recovery, 431
outside Alberta by regional services
commission, 602.125
outside municipal boundaries, 72
for roads, 62
Act, inconsistencies and conflicts,
2(2), 10, 13
acting chief elected official
conditions, 152(3)
oath requirement, 156
administration and organization
advertisements (See advertisements)
assessors (See assessors)
banking (See banks and banking)
chief administrative officer (See
chief administrative officer
(CAO))
council powers, 202–203
council's responsibilities for, 201,
203, 205

1

designated officers (See designated
officers)
documents (See records and
documents)
employees (See employees)
fidelity bond, 212.1
inquiry, 572
inspections, 571
liability (See liability of councillors;
liability of municipalities;
liability of municipal officers)
office location, 204
official administrator (See official
administrator)
administrator. See chief
administrative officer (CAO);
official administrator
advertisements, 606–606.1
Alberta Gazette, publish in
assessment guidelines, 322(4)–(5)
assessment notices for designated
industrial property, 311(3)
improvement district changes, 584
order for school board purposes,
671(8)
orders for amalgamation,
annexation, change of status,
dissolution, or formation,
139
public auction, 421(1)(a)
bylaw on methods of advertising,
606.1
electronic means, 606.1(1)
notice of proposed bylaw,
606.1(4)–(5)
public hearing on proposed bylaw,
606.1(3)
public inspection of bylaw,
606.1(6)
certificate of designated officer,
606(7)–(8)
joint advertising, 692(3)(b)
planning and development policies
on municipal websites, 638.2
planning bylaws, requirements, 692
planning notices
disposal of municipal and school
reserve, 674
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

issuance of development permit,
640(2)(d)
notice of decision, 694(1)(c)
statutory plan preparation, 636
public hearings, 230(2)
requirements, 606
application, 606(1)
notice contents, 606(6)
published or delivered, 606(2)
time, 606(2)–(5)
AER. See Alberta Energy Regulator
(AER)
Aeronautics Act (Canada), 615.2
AEUB. See Alberta Energy and
Utilities Board (AEUB)
affordable housing
community services reserves for
facilities for, 671(2.1)(g) (See
also community services
reserve)
agents of municipality,
information for auditor, 283(2)
inspections, 571
aggregate payment levy. See
community aggregate payment
levy
agreements
definitions
agreement holder, forestry roads,
27.1(1)(a)
encroachment agreements,
651.2(1)
utility agreement, 127.1(1)
development agreement (See
development permit)
encroachment agreements, 651.2
growth management boards (See
growth management boards)
inspections, 571
intermunicipal agreements (See
intermunicipal authorities and
agreements)
oversize improvements (See oversize
improvement agreements)
tax (See tax agreements)

2

Agricultural Operation Practices Act
confined feeding operation or
manure storage facility,
exemption for, 618.1
airports
agreements under Aeronautics Act
(Canada), 615.2
airport vicinity protection areas and
regulations, 693, 694(6)–(7)
assessed person for property under
lease, licence or permit,
304(1)(e), 331
assessment and taxation
airports, 298(1)(x), 304(1)(h)
conveyor belts, 298(1)(x)(vii)
cranes, 298(1)(x)(vii)
fencing, 298(1)(x)(vi)
improvements, 298(1)(x),
304(1)(h)
lines, lights, towers,
298(1)(x)(viii)
loading bridges, 298(1)(x)(vii)
machinery and equipment,
298(1)(x)(vii)
paving, 298(1)(x)(ii)
reservoirs, 298(1)(x)(iv),
304(1)(h)
roads and sidewalks,
298(1)(x)(iii), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
runways, 298(1)(x)(i)
sewer lines, 298(1)(x)(v),
304(1)(h)
water lines, 298(1)(x)(v),
304(1)(h)
weigh scales, 298(1)(x)(vii)
Calgary and Edmonton International
Airports vicinity regulations,
693
land use bylaws for development by
airports, 640(4)(l)(iii)
Medicine Hat and Cypress County
regulations, 615.2(3)
offences and penalties, 557(a.1)
rent collections for tax arrears at
regional airports, 416(2.1)
taxation of municipal airports,
362(1)(o), 375(c)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

taxation of regional airports, 375(b)
Alberta Central East Water
Corporation Regulation,
603.1(3.1)
Alberta Energy and Utilities Board
(AEUB)
appeals to MGB on planning and
development, 488(1)(h),
619(5)–(10), 678(2)(a)
planning and development
applications, 619(1)–(4)
Alberta Energy Regulator (AER)
appeals to MGB on planning and
development applications,
619(5)–(11)
assessment
in definition of designated
industrial property,
284(1)(f.01), 284(2.1)
designated industrial property, 292
designated industrial property (See
designated industrial property)
land development environmental or
physical limitations,
regulations, 694(5.1)–(5.4)
planning and development
applications, 619(1)–(4),
619(11)
Alberta Gazette. See advertisements
Alberta Housing Act
assessed person and housing
accommodation, 304(4)
disputes between management body
and municipality to MGB,
488(1)(d)
requisition definition, 326(1)(a)(v)
Alberta Land Stewardship Act
(ALSA). See also ALSA regional
plan
in definition of ALSA regional plan,
1(a.1)
MGB decisions, 488.01
regional plans, compliance
development authority, 630.2
land use bylaws, 638.1
Ministerial powers, 570.01
planning authorities, 630.2
statutory plans, 638.1
3

Alberta School Foundation Fund
(ASFF), 359.1. See also schools,
school boards and school
authorities
assessment classes, 359.1(2)–(4)
business taxes, 359.1(3)
cancellation, reduction, refund or
deferral of taxes, 359.4
definition of requisition,
326(1)(a)(ii), 359.1(1)
designated industrial property, 359.1
tax rates, 359.1(4), 359.1(7)–(8)
Alberta Transportation Safety
Board, 602.15(1)
Alberta Utilities Commission (AUC)
agreement approvals, 45(3)–(4),
360(5)
agreements for long-term supplies to
utilities, 30(2)–(4)
appeal of service charge to
consumer, 43
assessment
definition of designated industrial
property, 284(1)(f.01)
in definition of designated
industrial property, 284(2.1)
designated industrial property, 292
designated industrial property (See
designated industrial property)
dispute resolution
municipal purchases of nonmunicipal public utilities, 47
regional services commission,
47.1(3), 602.14, 602.15(1)
service charges, 44
gas supply from direct seller, order
for, 31(4)
property tax agreement approval,
360(5)
public utilities, non-municipal,
45(3)(b)
regulations, 694(5.1)–(5.4)
alderman. See councillors
allowances, 275.1, 588.1
ALSA act. See Alberta Land
Stewardship Act (ALSA)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

ALSA regional plan
appeals to MGB of intermunicipal
disputes, 690(5.1)
compliance
development authority, 630.2
land use bylaws, 638.1
Ministerial powers, 570.01
planning authorities, 630.2
statutory plans, 638.1
definition, 1(a.1)
land use conflicts, 622, 638.1,
690(5)
amalgamation of municipalities,
100–112
annexation of land within perimeter,
103(2)–(3)
application for, 106(2)
application of Act, 100
assets and liabilities, transfer by
Minister, 135(4.1)
compensation, 111(c)
conservation reserve disposal,
674.1(4)
council resolution on report, 105(2)–
(3)
improvement districts, 100(a)
initiation
by Minister, 102, 107–108
by municipal authority, 102–103
by 2 or more municipal
authorities, 102, 106.1
joint amalgamations
initiation of, 102
regulations, 106.1
Lieutenant Governor in Council
powers, 110, 137, 138
negotiations between municipalities,
104–106
negotiations notice and report to
Minister, 104–106
negotiations report, 105–106
notice
contents, 103(4)
of intention to amalgamate, 103
to Minister by municipality,
103(1)(b), 104
to municipalities by Minister,
108(a)
4

to other municipal authorities,
103, 108(a)
proposals for consultation, 103(4)
official administrator appointment,
112
orders
amalgamation, 110–111
effects, 135–137
publication, 139
retroactivity of, 138
principles, standards and criteria, 76,
109
public input
meetings and comments, 108(c)–
(d)
negotiation report, 105(1)(b)–(c)
proposals for, 103(4)(b)
regulations on joint initiation, 106.1
restrictions on land, 101
special areas, 100(b)
summer villages, 101(2)–(4)
transitional matters, 137
ambulance services facility
community services reserve for,
671(2.1)(b)
amortization. See also financial
administration
definition of, 241(a.01)
in operating budgets, 243(3.1)
animals
bylaw matters, 7(h)
annexation of land, 112.1–128
advertisement of hearing when no
agreement, 122(1)
application for annexation, 119(2)
application refused, 128
compensation, 127
conservation reserve disposal,
674.1(4)
costs of hearing if no general
agreement, 122(2)–(3)
gas utilities, annexation order
effects, 127.1(3)
general agreement, effects of, 120
hearings if no agreement, 120(3),
122
improvement districts, 113(a)
initiation by authority, 116
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

land parcels, 114–115
land transfers, order effects on, 136
Lieutenant Governor in Council,
125–126, 137(2)–(3), 138
maximum tax ratio, 358.1(6)
mediation use during direct
negotiations, 112.1, 117(2),
118(1)(a.1)
Minister, 120, 126, 128
Municipal Government Board role,
116, 119–124
agreement on proposal, 120
jurisdictional matters, 488(1)(f)
no agreement on proposal, 120(3),
121–124
notice of proposed, 116(1)(b)
reports, 119(1), 120(2), 123–124
negotiations and report, 117–119
no agreement on proposal, 121–124
hearings, 121(c), 122
proposal, objections to, 120(3)
report by Board, 123–124
notice of proposed annexation, 116
contents, 116(2)
to MGB, 116(1)(b)
to Minister, 116(1)(a.1)
to municipalities and authorities,
116(1)
orders
annexation, 126–127
effects, 135–137
publication, 139
retroactivity of, 138
principles, standards and criteria, 76,
120(2)(a), 123
public input, 118(1)(b)–(c),
120(3)(b)
recommendation by Board, 124–125
regulations, 128.1
report by Board if no agreement for
annexation, 123–124
report if general agreement, 120(1)–
(2)
restrictions, 114
special areas not included, 113(b)
transitional matters, 137
utilities agreements continuance,
127.1
5

annual budgets
adoption of, 248.1
definition of, 241(a.02)
annual financial statements. See
financial statements
Appeal, Court of. See Court of
Appeal
appeals procedure bylaws, 8(d)
application of Act
conflicts and inconsistencies, 2(2),
10, 13
approvals. See licences, permits or
approvals
Aquatera Utilities Inc. Regulation,
603.1(3.1)
aqueducts
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
Aqueduct Utilities Corporation
Regulation, 603.1(3.1)
ARB. See assessment review boards
(ARB)
Arbitration Act
amalgamation compensation, 111(c)
annexation compensation, 127(a)
public works affecting land
compensation, 534(9)
area redevelopment plans, 634–
638.1, 647
acquisition of land, 635(a)(iv)
ALSA regional plan conflicts, 622,
638.1, 690(5)
amendments, 636(2)
bylaws for planning, requirements,
692
community revitalization levy (See
community revitalization levy)
conflicts or inconsistencies with
other plans, 638–638.1
consistency of plans, 638–638.1
ALSA regional plan conflicts,
622, 638.1, 690(5)
intermunicipal development plan,
634
municipal development plan, 634
contents of plans, 634, 635
definition of redevelopment area,
616(x)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

effect of plans, 637
establishment, 634(b)
expropriation for, 14(2)(b)
listing and publishing of policies,
638.2
notice and public participation,
636(1), 692(1)–(2)
parks and recreation, 635(a)(iv)
preparation of plans, 636
purposes, 634(a)
redevelopment levy, 647, 649
bylaw contents, 647(1), 649
continuance, 647(3)
designated officer role, 634(d)
development classes, 647(5)
provision for, 634(c)–(d)
purposes, 647(2)
regulations, 694(4)
schools, 647(2), 647(6)
subdivision approval agreement,
655(b)(iv)
times imposed, 647(4)
schools, 635(a)(iv), 647(2), 647(6)
statutory plans generally (See
statutory plans)
area structure plans, 633, 636–638.1
ALSA regional plan conflicts, 622,
638.1, 690(5)
amendments, 636(2)
bylaw establishing, 633(1)
bylaws for planning, requirements,
692
conflicts or inconsistencies with
other plans, 638
consistency of plans
ALSA regional plan conflicts,
622, 638.1, 690(5)
intermunicipal development plan,
633
municipal development plan, 633
contents of plans, 633(2)
effect of plans, 637
highways, 636(1)(f)
listing and publishing of policies,
638.2
notice
to Indian reserve or Metis
settlement, 636(1)(h)
6

to Minister for highways,
636(1)(f)
to public, 636(1)(a)–(b)
to school boards, 636(1)(c)
preparation, 636
public participation, 636(1)
statutory plans generally (See
statutory plans)
subdivision approvals, 653(4.1)
armed forces base
municipal authority definition
includes, 602.01(1)(f)
ASFF. See Alberta School Foundation
Fund (ASFF)
assessment of property, 284–325
annual assessments required, 285,
323
assessed person for assessed
property (See assessed person
for assessed property)
assessment notices (See assessment
notices)
assessment roll (See assessment roll)
assessors (See assessors)
classes and sub-classes (See
assessment classes)
community aggregate payment levy
(See community aggregate
payment levy)
community revitalization levy (See
community revitalization levy)
complaints (See assessment review
boards (ARB))
condominium units (See
condominiums)
Court authorized inspection and
enforcement (See inspections
for assessment)
criteria for assessments
condition and valuation, 289(2)
designated industrial property, 292
definitions (See definitions)
equalized assessments (See
equalized assessments)
guidelines, 322–322.1
improvements (See improvements)
information

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

access for assessor (See
inspections for assessment)
access to assessment records or
summaries, 299–301.1
confidentiality, 301, 322(1)(e.11)
duty to provide information,
294(3), 295
equalized assessment information
to Minister, 318
FOIP issues, 301.1
provided to Minister by municipal
assessor, 293(3)
provided to municipality by
Minister, 570.1
provided to municipality by
Minister; use and disclosure
agreement, 570.1(2)
inspection by assessor (See
inspections for assessment)
land in more than one municipality,
290(1)
linear property (See linear property)
manufacturing or processing
operations or storage (See
manufacturing or processing
plants and operations)
Minister, 322–325
non-assessable properties (See nonassessable properties, with
exceptions and conditions)
notice to enter and inspect property,
294
preparation of assessments by
Minister, 323
quashed and new assessments, 324
regulations and guidelines, 322–
322.1, 580
community revitalization levy,
381.5
right to enter and inspect, 294
strata space, 290.2
supplementary assessments (See
supplementary assessments)
time
annual assessment, 285
assessment roll, 302
valuation standards, 322(1)(d)

7

assessed person for assessed
property, 304–305
access to information
municipal assessment record, 299–
300
provincial assessment record,
299.1, 300.1
airports under lease, licence or
permit, 304(1)(e)
assessed person, 304–305
access to assessment records or
summaries, 299–301.1
duties, 304(3)
housing accommodations, 304(4)
notice of amended assessment to,
305(1)
notice of change of address from,
304(3)
notice of new assessment to,
305(2)
person liable to pay tax, 331
coal machinery and equipment,
304(1)(g)
community aggregate payment levy,
409.2
community revitalization levy, 381.3
designated manufactured home,
304(1)(j)–(k)
drainage works under lease, licence
or permit, 304(1)(d)
drilling oil, gas, coal, brine or salt
wells or combination or byproduct under lease, licence or
permit, 304(1)(f)
grazing land, 290(3)
irrigation works under lease, licence
or permit, 304(1)(d)
land, 304(1)(a)
land and improvements, 304(1)(b)
lease, licence or permit from Crown
or municipality, 304(1)(c)
manufactured home communities,
304(1)(j)–(k), 304(6)–(7)
mining minerals under lease, licence
or permit, 304(1)(f)
oil sands machinery and equipment,
304(1)(g)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

pipeline pumping or compressing,
304(1)(f)
railway land under lease, licence or
permit, 304(1)(d)–(d.1)
regulations for determination of
assessed person, 322(1)(e.2)(ii)
assessment classes
assessment roll, 303(f)
assigning, 297(1)–(3)
business tax assessments and taxes,
374(2), 377(3)–(4)
bylaw for sub-classes, 297(2)–(2.1)
classes and sub-classes
class 3 farm land, 297(1)(c)
class 4 machinery and equipment,
297(1)(d), 354(3.1)
class 2 non-residential, 297(1)(b),
297(2.1), 354(3.1)
class 1 residential, 297(1)(a),
297(2)
more than one assigned, 297(2)–
(3)
definitions of classes
farm land, 297(4)(a)
machinery and equipment,
297(4)(a.1)
non-residential, 297(4)(b)
residential, 297(4)(c)
Minister’s regulations, 322(1)(g.01)
school requisitions, 359.2(2)–(4)
tax rates (See tax rates)
assessment notices, 308–312
address unknown, 310(2)
amended, 305, 308.1(2), 309, 312
assessed person for assessed
property (See assessed person
for assessed property)
assessment roll corrections, 305–306
certification of date of sending,
310(4)–(5)
changes in tax status, 305(3)
combined assessment and tax
notices, 308(4)
complaints, 309
complaint deadline, 284(4)
contents, 308(4), 309
date, 308.1, 324(2)(a.1)
deemed received, 311
8

errors and omissions, 312
from municipalities, 308(1)
publication of notice, 311
quashed and new assessments,
284(4), 324
regulations
community revitalization levy,
381.5
contents, 322(1)(e.2)(i)
sending of notices, 322(1)(e.2)(iii)
supplementary, 308.1(2)
time of preparation, 308(1)
time of sending, 310
assessment review boards (ARB),
453–484.1
access to information by assessed
person
municipal assessment record, 299
amended assessments, 305
appeals to MGB
access to assessment records, 299–
301
amended assessment notices, 305
jurisdictional matters, 488(1)(c)
referral to Minister of unfair
assessment, 516
regulations, 527.1(2)
time of filing, 491(1)
bylaw to establish boards, 454
clerk
appointment, 456
definition, 453(1)(d)
duties, 456, 462, 469
remuneration, 456
complaints, 460–460.1
amended assessments, 305
on assessment or tax notice,
460(5), 460(7)
brownfield property, 460(6)–(7),
460.1(2), 467.1
complainants, 460(3), 460(13)
deadlines, 461, 467
designated industrial property not
allowed, 460(7), 460(14)
dismissal of, 467
duty to provide information,
295(4), 295(6)
fees, 460(2), 461
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

filing of complaint, 461
forms and contents, 460(2), 460(9)
jurisdiction, 460–460.1
local improvement taxes, 460(10)–
(12)
matters, 460(4)–(6), 460(11)–(12)
matters excluded, 460(8), 460(14)
on refusal to grant exemption or
deferral, 460(6)
time to render decision, 468
composite assessment review boards
appointment of members, 454.2
brownfield property complaints,
467.1
bylaw to establish, 454
chair, 454.2
costs, 468.1–468.2
joint boards, 455, 456(2)
jurisdiction, 460.1(2)
proceedings, 464
qualifications of members, 454.3
remuneration, 454.2
term of office, 454.2
composite assessment review
boards, panels
decisions, 459, 467
hearing of complaints, 454.21
members, 454.21
notice of hearing, 462(2)
presiding officers, 454.21
provincial members, 454.21, 458
quorum, 458
replacement of panel members,
457
decisions, 459, 467, 468, 469, 471
definitions
assessment notice, 453(1)(a)
assessment review board, 453(2)
assessment roll, 453(1)(b)
chair, 453(1)(c)
clerk, 453(1)(d)
composite assessment review
board, 453(1)(e), 453(2)
local assessment review board,
453(1)(f), 453(2)
panel, 453(2)
provincial member, 453(1)(g)
tax notice, 453(1)(h)
9

tax roll, 453(1)(i)
designated industrial property not
under, 460(7), 460(14) (See
also designated industrial
property)
duty to provide information, 295(4),
295(6)
equalized assessments not under,
460(14) (See also equalized
assessments)
hearings, 462–466
absence from, 463
confidentiality, 464.1(2)–(3),
464.1(6)
evidence, 464
notice of hearing, 462
notice to attend or produce, 465
oaths, 464, 466
private hearings, 464.1(2)–(3)
proceedings, 464
public hearings, 464.1
public records, 464.1(4)–(5)
warrant to attend or produce, 465
witnesses, 466
joint boards, 455, 456(2)
judicial review, 470
confidentiality, 470(5)
filing and service, 470(1)
liability for costs, 470(6)
notice, 470(2)
record of proceedings, 470(4)
request for materials, 470(3)
jurisdiction, 460–460.1
liability of members, 484
local assessment review boards
appointment of members, 454.1
bylaw to establish, 454
chair, 454.1
joint boards, 455, 456(2)
jurisdiction, 460.1(1)
notice of hearing, 462(1)
proceedings, 464
qualifications of members, 454.3
remuneration, 454.1
term of office, 454.1
local assessment review boards,
panels
decisions, 459, 467
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

in definition of assessment review
board, 453(2)
hearing of complaint, 454.11
number of members, 454.11
presiding officer, 454.11
quorum, 458
replacement of panel members,
457
notice
to attend or produce, 465
of decision, 469
of hearing, 462
of hearing to municipality, 462
of judicial review, 470(2)
proceedings, 464
qualifications of members, 454.3
regulations, 454.3, 484.1
technical irregularities, 471(1)
transitional provisions, 136
assessment roll, 302–307
assessed persons for assessed
properties (See assessed person
for assessed property)
assessment notices (See assessment
notices)
changes and corrections, 305–306
addition of omitted assessments,
305(2)
ARB decisions, 305(1.1), 305.1,
477
brownfield tax deferrals, 329(g.1)
changes in tax status, 305(3)
current year only, 305(1)–(2)
date of entry, 305(4)
errors, omissions or
misdescriptions, 305(1),
305(1.1)
exemption status change, 305(3)
MGB decisions, 305(1.1), 305.1,
517
notice to assessed person, 305(1)
notice to MGB or ARB, 305(1.1)
report to Minister, 305.1
validity of role, 306
contents, 303
date of entry, 305(4)
definition, 284(1)(n.3)
provincial assessment roll
10

contents, 303.1
time of preparation, 302
public inspection, 307
quashed and new assessments, 324
regulations
audit, 322(h.1)
community revitalization levy,
381.5
contents, 322(1)(e.2)
severability, 306
time of preparation, 302
assessors. See also municipal assessor;
provincial assessor
appointment by municipality,
284.2(1)
confidentiality, 322(1)(e.11)
Court authorized inspection and
enforcement (See inspections
for assessment)
definition
assessor, 284(1)(d)
municipal assessor, 284(1)(d)
provincial assessor, 284(1)(d),
284(1)(r.2)
duties, 289, 293
application of valuation standards,
293(1)
consider similar properties, 293(2)
criteria for assessment, 289(2)
preparation of assessments, 289(1)
provide information to Minister,
293(3)
duty to provide information to
assessor, 295
complaints and required
information, 295(4), 295(6)
permits under Safety Codes Act,
295(2)–(3
report to Minister on request,
295(5)
information, assessor's right to make
copies, 294(1)
qualifications, 284.1(1), 284.2(1),
322(1)(a)
regulations, 322–322.1
right to enter and inspect, 294
supplementary assessments, 314–
316.1
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

AUC. See Alberta Utilities
Commission (AUC)
auctioneer
prohibited buying and selling, 429,
436.21
auction for tax recovery not related
to land. See tax recovery not
related to land
auction for tax recovery related to
designated manufactured
homes. See tax recovery related
to designated manufactured
homes
auction for tax recovery related to
land. See tax recovery related to
land
auditors and audits, 278, 280–283
accounting standards, 241(a)
auditor's appointment by council,
280
auditor's appointment by Minister,
282(1)
auditor's reports to council
additional reports, 281(4)
on financial information return,
278, 281(1)–(2)
on financial statement, 278,
281(1)–(2)
unauthorized transactions, 281(3)
auditor's reports to Minister
by auditor appointed by Minister,
282(3)
financial information returns, 278
financial statements, 278
controlled corporations (See
controlled corporations)
costs for audit by Minister, 282(2)
financial information return (See
financial information return)
financial statements (See financial
statements)
information access by auditors, 283
petition for audit, 282(1)(c)
reports and returns, time due, 278
request for audit by council,
282(1)(a)–(b)
unauthorized transactions report to
council, 281(3)
11

bailee's undertaking, 440. See also
tax recovery not related to land
Banff Centre
student dormitory definition,
326(1)(b)
taxation of school property,
362(1)(d)(v)
taxation of student dormitories, 363
banks and banking
authorized investments, 250(2)(c)
(See also investments and
securities)
bank account statements to Minister
on request, 573
improvement district trust account,
595
municipal accounts, 270
off-site levy separate accounts,
648(5)
public auction sale proceeds separate
accounts, 427(1), 436.17(1),
449(1)
reserve land separate accounts,
671(4)
signing or authorization of
documents, 213(4)
basins
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
battery and wells. See wells and well
sites
billboards and signs
land use bylaws, 640(4)(m)–(n)
bills
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
body of water. See water, body of
bonds
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
borrowing, 251–263
agreement to fund services or
activities, 262
application of money borrowed, 274
as budget expenditure, 257(2),
258(3)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

bylaws (See borrowing bylaws)
capital property (See capital
property)
debt limits (See debt limits)
definitions
borrowing, 241(a.1)
borrowing bylaw, 241(b)
guarantees (See loans and
guarantees)
interim financing for capital
property, 259
loans (See loans and guarantees)
long-term borrowing for capital
property, 258
Minister, exemptions generally, 255
operating expenditures, 256(2)–(3)
refinancing, 261
short-term borrowing for capital
property, 257
special works, 260
unauthorized expenditure of,
174(1)(k), 249, 275
use of borrowed money, 253
validity of borrowings, 273
borrowing bylaws
advertisements
agreement to fund services or
activities, 262(4)
capital property
long-term with insufficient
borrowing, 258(5)
short-term, 257(4)
exemptions by Minister, 255
generally, 251(3), 606
local improvements, 263(2)–(3)
operating expenditures, term of
borrowing condition, 256(3)
refinancing, 261
special works, 260
amount and purpose, 251(2)(a)
interest rate, term and repayment
terms, 251(2)(b)
requirement for, 251(1)
source of repayments, 251(2)(c)
boulevards
roads (See roads)
special tax, 382(1)(c), 382(1)(f)

12

boundaries, 141
correction lines, 141(2)–(3)
Crowsnest Pass, regulations for, 615
definitions
survey, 141(1)(a)
surveyed land, 141(1)(b)
environmental reserve changes, 676
formation order of municipality,
89(1)(a)
improvement districts formation
order, 582
land acquired to widen roads, 141(4)
regional services commission
acquisition of land outside
boundaries, 602.13(2)
river as municipal boundary, 141(6)
road allowances, 141(2), 141(5)
boxing commission
liability, 535.1
breakwaters
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
bridges
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
road definition, 1(1)(z)
brownfield property, 364.1
agreement with owner, 364.1(11)–
(13)
assessment
amended assessment notice,
305(3.1)
correction of assessment roll,
305(3.1)
deferrals in assessment roll,
329(g.1)
bylaw for tax exemption or deferral,
364.1(2)–(5), 364.1(10)
cancellation of exemption or
deferral, 364.1(8)
certificate for exemption or deferral,
364.1(6)–(9)
complaints to ARBs, 364.1(9),
460(6)–(7), 460.1(2), 467.1
(See also assessment review
boards (ARB))
definitions
brownfield property, 364.1(1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

public hearings and notice, 364.1(4),
364.1(13)
regulations, 370(c.3), 370(f)–(g)
tax certificates, 350
budgets. See annual budgets; capital
budgets; operating budgets
buildings
area redevelopment plans (See area
redevelopment plans)
business improvement areas (See
business improvement areas)
dangers and unsightly property (See
enforcement of municipal law)
definitions
building, 616(a.1)
as development, 616(b)(ii)
as development with change of
use or intensity of use,
616(b)(iii)–(iv)
improvement includes structures
and things attached,
284(1)(j)
non-conforming buildings, 616(q)
non-conforming use, 616(r)
parcel of land, 1(1)(v)(ii)
structure, 284(1)(u)
land use bylaws (See land use
bylaws)
linear property (See linear property)
name or number display, 58
non-conforming use (See land use
bylaws)
offences and penalties (See offences
and penalties)
planning and development (See
planning and development)
public utility connections, including
pipes, wires or things, 29
public utility installations over
multiple units, 40
stop-cock (See stop-cock)
stop order (See stop order)
burial sites
taxation, 362(1)(l)
buses. See transportation systems
business
business improvement areas (See
business improvement areas)
13

bylaw matters
appeal procedures, 8(d)
conditions for licence renewal,
8(c)(v)
division into classes, 8(b)
duration and suspension of
licences, 8(c)(vi)
licences, permits or approvals for
non-residents, 8(c)(ii)
prohibited activities until licence
granted, 8(c)(iii)
taxi or limousine fares, 8(c.1)
terms and conditions until licence
granted, 8(c)(iv)
definition of business, 1(1)(a),
326(2)
licences, penalty for operating
without, 557(a), 564
loading (See loading and unloading
facilities)
parking (See parking)
supplementary business taxes (See
supplementary business tax)
tax assessments (See business tax
assessments)
taxes (See business taxes)
tax exemptions (See business tax
exemptions)
Business Corporations Act
authorized municipal investments,
250(2)(e), 250(3)
non-profit or charity corporation
defined as organization,
14(1)(c)
business improvement areas, 50–53
approved budget defined, 52(1)
board, 51–52
budget estimates for business
improvement area tax,
243(2)(c)
bylaw, 50–51
definition of business improvement
area tax, 1(1)(aa)(iii)
purposes, 50
business or shopping area, 50(c)
improving property, 50(a)
public parking, 50(b)
regulations, 53, 381
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

business tax assessments
assessment method
floor space, 374(1)(b)(iii)
gross annual rental value,
374(1)(b)(i)
net annual rental value,
374(1)(b)(i.1)
percentage of other assessment,
374(1)(b)(iv)
storage capacity, 374(1)(b)(ii)
assessment not required, 374.1
basis for tax
assessment methods, 374(1)
classes, 374(2)
contents, 374
exemptions for classes, 374(2)(b)
instalment payments, 374(2)(c)
proration procedure, 374(1)(d)
rebate procedure, 374(1)(d)
business taxes, 371–380
actions, right to continue
proceedings, 478
assessments (See business tax
assessments)
budget adoptions required before tax
rate bylaws, 247
business improvement area taxes
(See business improvement
areas)
bylaw for business tax
contents, 374
council, 371(1)
period, 371(2)
taxable business, 372
bylaw for tax rate, 377
bylaw matters, 7(e)
definitions
business tax roll, 553.2(1)
tax, 1(1)(aa)(ii)
exemptions (See business tax
exemptions)
fire insurance proceeds, taxes as first
charge on, 349
grants in place of taxes, 380
notice to municipality of address of
person liable, 373(2)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(b)
14

special lien, tax as, 348(d)(ii)
supplementary business tax (See
supplementary business tax)
tax arrears recovery (See tax
recovery not related to land)
tax certificates, 350
tax notices
address, 373(2)
amendments to tax rate after
notices sent, 377(5)
generally (See tax notices)
tax rates and tax amounts, 377–378
amendments to bylaw, 377(5)
annual bylaw, 377(1)
calculating tax amounts, 378
rate set, 377(2)
tax roll
adding amounts owing to, 553.2
assessment review board
decisions, 477
MGB decisions, 517
person liable, 373
temporary businesses, 379(3)(a)
unpaid costs for enforcement,
553.2(2)(a), 553.2(3)
temporary businesses, 379(3)(a)
business tax exemptions, 375–376
definitions
non-profit, 616(r.1)
exempt businesses
Crown businesses, 375(a)
municipal airport, 375(c)
non-profit organizations, 375(d)
regional airport, 375(b)
exemptions when tax payable
exempt by bylaw, 374(2)(b)
linear property, 376
machinery and equipment, 376
non-profit organizations
for community games, sports,
athletics or recreation,
362(1)(n)(ii), 375(d)
holding property on behalf of
municipality, 362(1)(n)(i),
375(d)
providing senior citizens lodge
accommodations,
362(1)(n)(iv), 375(d)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

by-elections
by-election not held, Minister order,
166
CEO vacancies, 163, 165
council vacancies, 162, 165
definitions
by-election, 1(1)(b)
whole council, 1(1)(cc)
election day, 165
positions unfilled at general election,
160, 166
time of by-election for council, 162,
165
bylaw enforcement officers, 555–556
bylaws, 7–13, 63–69, 536–540
advertisements
of bylaw, 606–606.1
of revised bylaw, 65
appeals, 8(d)
bylaw revisions, 63–69
certification, 63(4)
changes authorized, 63(2)
consolidation, 63(2), 69
corrections and improvements,
63(2)
definition of revised bylaw, 62.1
first readings, 63(4)
preambles, 63(2)(e)
references to repealed bylaws, 67
repeals, 63(2)
requirements, 65
revised bylaw effects, 66
titles, 63(2)–(3)
transitional bylaws, 63(2)(b)
bylaws for planning, requirements,
692
certified copies, 63(4), 612
challenging bylaws and resolutions,
536–540
application to Court of Queen's
Bench, 536
effect of councillor being
disqualified, 540
public participation as basis, 538
reasonableness, 539
security for costs, 536(2)
time limit, 537

15

change of status order effects,
97.2(1)(c)
city charters
changes to Act or other
enactments, 141.5(3)
charter prevails, 141.6
public hearings on proposed,
141.5(3)
coming into force, 190
community revitalization levy
bylaw, 381.2, 381.4(2),
381.5(1)(e)
conflicts and inconsistencies with
other enactments, 13
consolidation of, 69
council's exclusive role, 202(2),
203(2)(a)
council with broad authority, 9
Court of Queen's Bench challenging
bylaws and resolutions, 536–
540
definitions
borrowing bylaw, 241(b)
public vote bylaw, 234(1)
revised bylaw, 62.1
specific bylaw passing powers,
10(1)
delegation of council powers, 203
destruction of records, 214(1)
enforcement (See enforcement of
municipal law)
errors and omissions, 63
first readings, 63(4)
geographic area, 12
growth management boards, 708.08
growth management plans,
compliance with, 708.12–
708.14
inconsistencies with other
enactments, 10
intermunicipal bylaw agreements, 12
interpretation, 9
Lieutenant Governor in Council
regulatory powers, 603
matters generally, 7–8
advertisements of bylaws, 606–
606.1
animals, wild and domestic, 7(h)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

appeal procedures, 8(d)
assessment classes, 297(2)–(2.1)
businesses and development, 7(e),
8(b)
code of conduct, 146.1
division into classes, 8(b)
fees for licences, permits or
approvals, 8(c)
health and welfare, 7(a)
licences, permits or approvals,
8(c)
maternity and parental leave for
councillors, 144.1
nuisances, 7(c)
offences and penalties, 7(i)
petition requirements, 226.1
protection of people and property,
7(a)
public places, 7(b)
public utilities, 7(g)
revision or consolidation of
bylaws, 63–69
supplementary assessments, 313
taxi or limousine charges, 8(c.1)
transportation, 7(d)
unsightly property, 7(c)
natural person powers, 11, 202
passing a bylaw, 187–191
closed or open meetings, 1(3),
197(3)
coming into force, 190
readings, 187–189
repeal procedure, 191
rescission of previous bylaw
readings, 188
petitions and votes on bylaws
by electors on advertised bylaws
and resolutions, 231
by electors on bylaws and
resolutions, 235, 240
by electors on new, amended or
repealed bylaws or
resolutions, 232
property tax bylaw, 353
public hearings on revised bylaws,
65
public vote bylaws, 234–235, 240
readings, 187, 189
16

repealed bylaws, 67
repeal of bylaws, 63, 191
requirement to vote on bylaw or
resolution, 181
rescission of previous bylaw
readings, 188
resolutions or bylaws, when to use,
180
signatures required, 213(3)
specific bylaw passing powers in
other enactments, 10
titles of bylaws, 63(2)–(3)
cable distribution companies. See
telecommunications systems
cairns
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(s),
351(1)(a)
Calgary
auditor appointment, 280(4)
Calgary Charter for Glenmore Dam,
613
Calgary International Airport
vicinity regulations, 693
growth management board,
708.02(1.1), 708.011
tax recovery related to land,
proceedings continuation, 435
Canada Business Corporations Act
(Canada)
authorized municipal investments,
250(2)(e), 250(3)
Canada Lands Surveys Act (Canada)
definitions
survey, 141(1)(a)
surveyed land, 141(1)(b)
Canadian Radio-television and
Telecommunications
Commission (CRTC)
telecommunications as linear
property, 284(1)(k)(iii)
canals
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
Canmore Undermining Review
Regulation. See planning and
development
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

CAO. See chief administrative officer
(CAO)
capital budgets, 245–248
adoption required, 245
adoption required before tax rate
bylaws, 247
annual budgets
accounting standards, 241(a)
adoption of, 248.1
definition of, 241(a.02)
borrowing (See borrowing)
capital plan requirement, 283.1
contents, 246
expenditure authorization in budget,
248(1)(a)
operating budget transfers to,
243(1)(f)
capital property, 254–260
borrowing (See borrowing)
capital plan requirement, 283.1
definitions, capital property, 241(c)
operating budget estimates of debt
obligations, 243(1)(b)
property ordered under enactment,
260
Capital Region. See Edmonton
Capital Region Board Regulation
Capital Region Growth Plan,
validation of, 603.1(2)
growth management board,
transitional matters,
603.1(4)(c), 708.02(1.2),
708.25
Regional Evaluation Framework,
validation of, 603.1(2)
Transitional Regional Evaluation
Framework, validation of,
603.1(2)
caveats
caveat removal after tax arrears
cancellation, 425.1(2)
development permit condition,
650(2)–(3)
encroachment agreements, 651.2(2)–
(3)
enforcement of municipal law,
546.1, 646(2)–(3)

17

land development environmental or
physical limitations, 694(5.1)–
(5.4)
reserve land deferments, 669(2)–(7)
restrictive covenant, 651.1
right to clear title after public
auction, 423(1)(c)
stop order, 646(2)–(3)
subdivisions
approval agreements, 655(2)–(3)
approvals, 652(5)
cancellation of plan, 658(3.1),
658(5)
zoning caveat, 697
cemeteries
taxation, 362(1)(l)
census, 57, 604(b)
CEO. See chief elected official (CEO)
certificates of deposit
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
certified copies of documents, 612
change of name of municipality, 98–
99
change of status of municipality, 91–
97
amalgamation (See amalgamation of
municipalities)
council request for initiation of
change, 93
definition of, 91
dissolution (See dissolution and
liquidation of municipality)
initiation of change, 93
Lieutenant Governor in Council
powers, 137(2)–(3), 138
municipal district order contents,
97(1)
notice to authorities by Minister, 94
order effects, 97.2
order issuance and contents, 96–97
orders, retroactivity of, 138
petition to initiate change, 93
principles, standards and criteria, 76,
95
public input, 94
requirements same as formation, 92
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

transitional matters, 137
charters, city. See city charters
charter school
student dormitory definition,
326(1)(b)
taxation (See also schools, school
boards and school authorities)
school property, 362(1)(c)(i.2)
student dormitories, 363(1)(d),
363(3)
Chestermere Utilities Incorporated
Regulation, 603.1(3.1)
chief administrative officer (CAO),
205–209
auditors' information access, 283(2)
certification of bylaw revisions,
63(4)
council's responsibilities, 201, 203,
205
definition, 1(1)(c)
dismissal, 574 (See also dismissal of
council or members or chief
administrative officer)
duties (See chief administrative
officer duties)
establishment of position
bylaw, 205(1)
council role not delegated,
203(2)(b), 206
job descriptions if more than one,
205(3)
requirement for appointed person,
205(2)
title, 205(4)
fidelity bond, 212.1
information provided equally to all
councillors, 153.1
inspections, 571
liability, 535
Minister’s directions, 574(1)
natural person powers of council,
202
notice of suspension or revocation,
206(2)–(3)
offences and penalties, 557(a), 558
performance evaluation, 205.1

18

planning and development policies
listed on municipal websites,
638.2
prohibited buying and selling, 429,
436.21
quorum of council, 168(3)–(5)
resignation report to council, 161(4)
salary information, FOIP does not
apply, 217(3)
service of documents on
municipality, 607
suspension and revocation, 206
title, 205(4)
vacancy, 210(5)
chief administrative officer duties,
207–208
council advised of legislative
responsibilities, 208(1)(d)
delegation of duties by CAO, 209
designated officers supervision by
CAO, 210(4)
dismissals, 574(2), 574(4)
information and councillor list to
Minister, 208(1)(c)
information provided equally to all
councillors, 153.1
job descriptions if more than one,
205(3)
minutes, 208(1)(a)
minutes of council meetings,
208(1)(a)
petitions and reports, 220, 225(1)–
(2), 226
records and accounts, 208(1)(b)
safe keeping of documents,
208(1)(b)
tax recovery related to designated
manufactured homes, 436.24
chief elected official (CEO)
acting chief elected official, 152(3),
156
appointment, 150–151, 159
as council member, 143
definition, 1(1)(d)
deputy chief elected official, 152,
156
duties, 154
election, 147(1), 150
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

filling a vacancy of appointed
official, 164
filling a vacancy of elected official,
163, 165–166
member of board, commission,
subdivision authority or
development authority, with
conditions, 154(3)
oath requirement, 156
resignation of, 161(2)–(4)
signatures, 213(3)–(4)
special meetings of council, 194(1)–
(3)
term of office, 150(1), 159
title, 155
unable to perform duties, 152(2)(a)
churches and church schools
taxation, 362(1)(k)
city
Calgary (See Calgary)
change of status requirements, 92
councillors, number of, 143–144,
148–149
definitions
city as municipality, 1(1)(s)(i)
city as urban municipality,
31(1)(e)
Edmonton (See Edmonton)
formation, area and population
requirements, 82, 84
formation order, 88, 89(1)
gas supply from direct seller,
regulation of, 31
land acquisition for, 62
as municipality (See municipalities)
roads disposal by council with
exceptions, 17
roads title, 16(2)
city charters
bylaws
changes to Act or other
enactments, 141.5(3)
charter prevails, 141.6
public hearings on proposed,
141.5(3)
charter prevails, 141.6
city rights and obligations, no effect,
141.9
19

coming into force, 141.7
definitions
charter, 141.1(1)(a)
charter city, 141.1(1)(b)
this Act, 141.1(2)
elements of charter, 141.5
establishment, 141.3
interpretation, 141.5(5)
matters, 141.5
publication before establishment,
141.4
purpose, 141.2
retroactive operation of, 141.7
status of charter city, no effect,
141.8
City of Calgary. See Calgary
City of Edmonton. See Edmonton
civic holidays, 56
Civil Enforcement Act
tax recovery not related to land, 451
civil liability of councillors. See
liability of councillors
classes and sub-classes for
assessment. See assessment
classes
closed meetings, 1(3), 197
closure of roads. See roads
coal
assessed person for machinery and
equipment, 304(1)(g)
code of conduct, 146.1
application of, 146.1(2)
bylaw on, 146.1(1)
council committees, 146.1(3)
councillor not to be disqualified,
146.1(4)
duties of councillors, 153(e.1)
other bodies with members not
councillors, 146.1(3)
regulations, 146.1(5)
colleges
grants in place of taxes, 366(3)(d)
taxation of school property,
362(1)(c)(i.2)
taxation of student dormitories,
363(1)(d), 363(3)
coming into force of bylaws, 190

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

commercial property, underutilized. See brownfield property
commissions
intermunicipal planning commission
(See intermunicipal planning
commission)
municipal planning commission (See
municipal planning
commission)
regional services commission (See
regional services commission)
communications. See advertisements
community aggregate payment levy,
409.1–409.3
assessed person, 409.2
bylaw for, 409.1
definition of tax, 1(1)(aa)(vii),
437(c)(ii.1)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(f.1)
regulations, 409.3
as special lien, 348(d)(i)
community associations
definition, 370(e)
regulations defining, 370(e)
community recreation facilities
definition, 616(a.11)
off-site levy, 648(2.1)
community revitalization levy,
381.1–381.5
assessed person, 381.3
bylaw for, 381.2, 381.4(2)
definitions
incremental assessed value,
381.1(a)
tax, 1(1)(aa)(iii.1), 436.01(g),
437(c)(iii)
incremental assessed value, 381.4
Lieutenant Governor in Council
approval for, 381.2(3–4)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(c.1)
regulations, 381.5
as special lien, 348(d)(i)
community services reserve
bylaw re purposes of, 692(6.1)
definitions

20

community services reserve,
616(a.2)
non-profit, 616(r.1)
reserve land, 616(z)
designation of other reserves as,
672(3)–(5)
disposal of reserve, 674–675
removal of designation, 675
uses for, 671(2.1)
affordable housing, 671(2.1)(g)
ambulance services facility,
671(2.1)(b)
facility providing public services,
671(2.1)(f)
fire station, 671(2.1)(b)
non-profit day care facility,
671(2.1)(c)
non-profit senior citizens facility,
671(2.1)(d)
non-profit special needs facility,
671(2.1)(e)
police station, 671(2.1)(b)
public library, 671(2.1)(a)
Companies Act
association defined as organization,
14(1)(b)
compensation
amalgamation order, 111(c)
annexation of land, 127
expropriation of whole or part of
parcel, 15
Land Compensation Board (See
Land Compensation Board)
public works affecting land, 534
reserve land subdivision
requirement, 661
rights to planning and development,
621
road closures, 23
temporary roads and rights of way,
26(4)–(5)
composite assessment review boards
appointment of members, 454.2
brownfield property complaints,
467.1
bylaw to establish, 454
chair, 454.2
costs, 468.1–468.2
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

definitions, 453(1)(e), 453(2)
hearings, 462–466
joint boards, 455, 456(2)
jurisdiction, 460.1(2)
liability of members, 484
notice of hearing, 462(2)
panels, 454.21
decisions, 459, 467
hearing of complaints, 454.21
members, 454.21
presiding officers, 454.21
provincial members, 454.21, 458
quorum, 458
replacement of panel members,
457
proceedings, 464
remuneration, 454.2
term of office, 454.2
computers. See electronic
communications and records
conceptual scheme
defined, 653(4.4)(b)
subdivision hearings, 653(4.1)
Condominium Property Act
caveats and right to clear title after
public auction, 423(1)(c)
definitions, unit and share in the
common property, 290.1(2)
condominiums
assessed person
bare land, 304(1)(a)
housing accommodations, 304(4)
land and improvements, 304(1)(b)
assessments
bare land, 290.1(1)(a)
land and improvements,
290.1(1)(b)
definitions
share in the common property,
290.1(2)
unit, 290.1(2)
land use bylaw for number of units,
640(2)(e)
right to clear title after public
auction for tax recovery,
423(1)(c)

21

confidentiality
ARB hearings, 464.1(2)–(3),
464.1(6)
assessment information, 301–301.1,
322(1)(e.11)
as councillor's duty, 153(e)
FOIP (See Freedom of Information
and Protection of Privacy Act
(FOIP))
judicial review of ARB decisions,
470(5)
judicial review of MGB decisions,
508.1(5)
MGB hearings, 525.1
personal information in petitions,
226.2
confined feeding operations
planning and development, 618.1
conflict resolution. See intermunicipal
disagreements and disputes
conflicts
bylaws and Provincial enactments,
13
conservation lands
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(l),
351(1)(a)
conservation reserve
bylaw designation of municipal land,
665
compensation
on annexation, 127(2)
dispute resolution, 664.2(3)
market value, 664.2(2)
on subdivision approval, 664.2(3)
time for, 664.2(2)
consistency with plans, 664.2(1)(d)
definition
conservation reserve, 616(a.3)
in definition of reserve land,
616(z)
disposal of conservation reserve,
674.1
amalgamation or annexation,
674.1(4)
conditions for, 674.1(2)
notice, 674.1(3)
public hearing, 674.1(3)
removal of designation, 674.2
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

use of proceeds from, 674.2(3)
land acquisition, 661.1
land acquisition, not to apply, 644(3)
land as subdivision requirement,
661.1
municipal development plans,
632(3)(g)
order effects from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution, or
formation, 135–137
removal of designation, 674.2
subdivision requirements, 661.1,
664.2, 666
tax exemption based on use, 361(c)
consolidation of bylaws. See bylaws
Construction Cost Reporting Guide
as guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)(iii)
consumer of gas
definition, 31(1)(a)
gas supply from direct seller,
regulation of, 31
contaminated industrial or
commercial property,
redevelopment. See brownfield
property
contempt
MGB powers, 521
controlled corporations
auditor appointment, with
exceptions, 280(2)–(3)
definitions
controlled corporation, 1(2),
241(d)
profit corporation controlled by
municipality defined as
organization, 14(1)(d)
financial statements, 279
loans and guarantees, 264(1)(b)–(c)
(See also loans and guarantees)
regulations for control by
municipality, 73(2)–(4)
tax agreements, 333.1(1)
co-operative
defined as non-profit organization,
241(f)
non-profit organization (See nonprofit organizations)

22

corporate seal
reproductions of, 272(1)
safe keeping, 272(2)
corporations
businesses (See business)
controlled corporations (See
controlled corporations)
definitions
corporation, 73(1)
defined as non-profit organization,
conditions, 241(f)
municipality as, 4
coulee
as environmental reserve, 664(1)(a)
council, 142–200
bylaws for
code of conduct, 146.1
procedures of council, 145(b)
public hearing procedures, 230(3)
bylaws or resolution, when to use,
180
census, 57
civic holidays, 56
code of conduct, 146.1, 153(e.1)
council committees (See council
committees)
councillors (See councillors)
definitions
by-election, 1(1)(b)
council, 1(1)(e)
specific bylaw passing powers,
10(1)
whole council defined, 1(1)(cc)
delegation of powers, permitted,
203(1), 203(3)
delegation of powers prohibition
appeals, 203(2)(e)
budget adoptions, 203(2)(c)
CAO appointment, 203(2)(b)
passing bylaws, 203(2)(a)
taxes, 203(2)(d)
dismissals, 574 (See also dismissal
of council or members or chief
administrative officer)
fidelity bond, 212.1
governing body function, 142
heraldic emblem use, 557(a), 559
inspections, 571
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

interim council, amalgamation order
effects, 111(b)
intermunicipal agreements (See
intermunicipal authorities and
agreements)
meetings of council (See council
meetings)
minutes (See council meetings)
natural person powers, 202
oath by persons, 200
organizational role, 201
pecuniary interests (See pecuniary
interests)
petitions (See petitions)
planning and development policies
listed on municipal websites,
638.2
powers, 8
appeals, 8(d)
broad authority for bylaws, 9
businesses, development, classes,
8(b)
bylaw passing powers in other
enactments, 10
disposal of city roads with
exceptions, 17
fees, 8(c)(i)
licences, permits or approvals,
8(c)
to regulate or prohibit, 8(a)
public hearings (See council
meetings)
quorum of council, 167–168, 181
requirements for valid resolution or
bylaw, 181
vote by councillors (See councillors)
vote by electors (See votes and
voting)
council meetings, 192–200
closed or open meetings, 1(3), 197
electronic meetings, 199
designated officer role, 199(1)(b)
members deemed present, 199(2)
notice to public, 199(1)(a)
public to watch or listen, 199(1)(b)
improper conduct by public, 198
minutes
adoption, 208(1)(a)
23

councillor attendance, 208(1)(a)
council votes and abstentions,
183(2), 185
public hearings, 208(1)(a), 230(6)
public members in closed
meetings, 197(5)
safe keeping, 208(1)(b)
signatures, 213(1)
without note or comment,
208(1)(a)
notice, 196
oath, power to require taking, 200
organizational meetings
CEO appointment, 159(1)
term of office extension, 158(2)
time for, 192(1)
time for summer village, 192(2)
public hearings, 230
advertisements, 227, 606–606.1
bylaws for procedures, 230(3)
challenge to bylaw for failure to
hold hearing, 538(a)(iii)
council member abstentions, 184
decision by council, 230(5)
improper conduct during, 228
joint hearing on intermunicipal
development plans,
692(3)(a)
minutes, 230(6)
notice of public hearing, 230(2),
606–606.1
persons appearing before, 230(4)
petition for, 229
regular or special council meeting,
230(2)
when to hold, 230(1)
public meetings
advertisements, 227
improper conduct, 228
petition for, 229
public participation policy, 216.1
regular meetings, 193
decision to hold, 193(1)
notice not necessary, 193(2)
notice of change to councillors,
193(3)(a)
notice of change to public,
193(3)(b)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

public participation policy, 216.1
right of public to be present, 198
special meetings, 194
CEO role, 194(1)–(3)
matters restrictions, 194(5)
notice; time and recipients, 194(3)
notice exceptions, 194(4)
option to call, 194(1)(a)
required to call, 194(1)(b), 194(2)
council meetings with public, 227–
229, 606
council committees
bylaws on
for procedures, 145(b)
CAO duties, 208(2)
CEO duties, 154
code of conduct, 146.1, 153(e.1)
council committee meetings, 195–
200
closed or open meetings, 1(3), 197
electronic communications, 199
improper conduct by public, 198
notice to members, 195(a), 196(1)
notice to public, 195(b), 196(2)
oath, power to require taking, 200
right of public to be present, 198
definition of council committee,
1(1)(f)
delegation of council powers to
committee, 203
liability of councillors (See liability
of councillors)
membership includes councillors
and others, 146, 154
minutes, 208, 213(2)
adoption, 208(1)(a)
councillor attendance, 208(1)(a)
public hearings, 208(1)(a)
public members in closed
meetings, 197(5)
safe keeping, 208(1)(b)
without note or comment,
208(1)(a)
notice of meetings, 195–196
planning and development policies
listed on municipal websites,
638.2

24

requirements for valid resolutions,
181(2)
councillors
absence from council, 174(1)(d),
174(2)–(3)
abstentions on council
matters discussed at public
hearing, 184
minutes, 183(2), 185
pecuniary interests, 172(1), 172(5)
quorum purposes, deemed absent
for, 167(2), 168(1)
auditor, prohibition, 280(3)
auditor's information access, 283(2)
change of status order effects on,
97.2(1)(a)
code of conduct, 146.1, 153(e.1)
confidential matters, 153(e)
definition of councillor, 1(1)(g)
disqualification (See disqualification
of councillors)
duties, 153
confidential matters, 153(e)
council participation, 153(c)
information on administration,
153(d)
other functions, 153(f)
policies and programs, 153(b)
welfare and interests of
municipality, 153(a)
elections, 147–149
election and nomination bylaws,
148–149
by ward system, 147–149
expense allowance for councillors,
275.1
inspections, 571
liability of councillors (See liability
of councillors)
maternity and parental leave, 144.1,
174(2)
notice of resignations, 161
number of, 143–144, 148–149
oath requirement, 156
offences and penalties
failure to discharge duties, 558(a)
failure to hand over municipal
property, 558(c)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

false statements, 558(b)
orientation training, 201.1
pecuniary interests (See pecuniary
interests)
prohibited buying and selling, 429,
436.21
quorum of council, 167–168
remuneration, 275.1
resignations, 161
salary information as FOIP issue,
217(3)
secret ballots of council, 185.1
term of office, 157–159
title, 155
vacancies after general election, 160,
166
whole council defined, 1(1)(cc)
county. See municipal district
couplings in public utilities, 29
Court of Appeal, 688–689
appeal of AEUB, ERCB, NRCB
decisions by MGB, 688–689
appeal of compensation for public
works affecting land, 534(13)
appeal of councillor disqualification,
178–179
appeal of intermunicipal disputes,
688–689
appeal of MGB decisions, 688–689
consistency of plans or land use
bylaws, 688(1)
intermunicipal disputes, 688(1)
off-site levy, 688(1), 694(4),
694(4)(d)
regulations, 694(4)(d)
statutory plan, 619, 688(1)
subdivision authority, 678.2,
688(1)
appeal of SDAB decisions, 688–689
application for leave to appeal,
688(2)–(3)
costs, 688(4)(c), 689(3)
decision of, 688(4.3), 689
notice of appeal, 688(4.2)
question of law or jurisdiction, 688–
689
rehearing by MGB, 689(2)

25

technical irregularities by MGB or
SDAB, 689(4)
use of practices and procedures of,
688(4.1)
use of published planning and
development policies, 638.2(3)
Court of Queen's Bench
appeal of order to remedy dangers
and unsightly property, 548
enforcement of municipal law, 543
injunctions to enforce municipal
law, 554(2)
judicial review of ARB decisions,
470
judicial review of MGB decisions,
508.1
use of published planning and
development policies, 638.2(3)
crawler type shovels
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(p),
351(1)(a)
credit unions
defined as non-profit organization,
241(f)
municipal accounts, 270
securities as authorized municipal
investments, 250(2)(c)–(d)
cribs
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
Criminal Code (Canada)
offences for councillor
disqualification, 174(1)(e)
crops still growing
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(w),
351(1)(a)
Crown (Alberta or Canada)
acquisition of land, 62, 644
agreement with municipality for
services, 262
amounts owing by improvement
districts, 598
assessment and taxation
business tax exemption, 375(a)
Crown land exempt from
assessment, 298(1)(a)–(b),
298(1)(i), 298(1)(j)–(l)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

grazing leases or permits granted
by Crown, 290(3)
local improvement taxes, 403(1),
405(2)–(3)
parcel of land, 284(2)
property tax exemption (See nontaxable properties)
road right of way not used as road,
298(1)(i), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
water systems, 298(1)(b),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
whole or parts of land, 284(2)
business tax Crown grants, 380
definitions
Crown, 284(1)(f)
Crown as owner of unpatented
land, 1(1)(u)(i)
development permits authorizations,
620
equalized assessments, 317(c)
grants in places of taxes, 317(c), 366
mines and minerals (See mines and
minerals)
planning and development of
designated Crown land, 618(2)
regional services commission debt to
Crown, 602.17(3)
reserve land as subdivision
requirement, 661
roads
municipal road titles, 16(1)
road land acquisition, 62
road reopenings after Crown
leases, 27
securities as authorized municipal
investments, 250(2)(a),
250(2)(d)
subdivision cancellation consent,
658(2)(c)
tax recovery related to designated
manufactured homes, Crown
interests, right to clear title,
436.14(1)
tax recovery related to land
26

land held by lease, licence or
permit, 416(2.3)
public auction, 423(1)
rent collections for tax arrears,
416(2.1)
title for municipal roads, 16(1)
unclaimed property, 427(3.3),
428.2(1.1)
Crowsnest Pass
regulations for, 615
CRTC (Canadian Radio-television
and Telecommunications
Commission)
telecommunications as linear
property, 284(1)(k)(iii)
culverts
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
land acquisition for, 62
curbs
liability for damage by, 533(a)
Cypress County airport regulations,
615.2(3)
dams and dam sites
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d)–
(f), 351(1)(a)
liability for non-negligence actions,
528
dangerous property. See enforcement
of municipal law
dates, altering dates and time
periods, 605
day care facility, non-profit. See also
community services reserve
community services reserves for,
671(2.1)(c) (See also
community services reserve)
definition of non-profit, 616(r.1)
debentures
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
debt limits
borrowing, 252
definitions, 241(e)
financial records and receipts, 268.1
in financial statements, 276(2)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

liability of councillors for exceeding
limit, 275(1)
loans and guarantees, 268–268.1
Minister exemption approvals
borrowing, 252
loans and guarantees, 268
regional services commission,
602.28–602.29
regulations, 271, 602.29
defamation
liability, 535
definitions
accounting standards, 241(a)
adjacent land, 653(4.4)(a), 679(4),
680(1.1), 692(7)(a)
agreement holder, 27.1(1)(a)
agricultural operation, 616(a)
ALSA regional plan, 1(a.1)
approved budget (business
improvement areas), 52(1)
assessed person, 284(1)(a)
assessed property, 284(1)(b)
assessment, 284(1)(c)
assessment notice, 453(1)(a)
assessment roll, 453(1)(b)
assessor, 284(1)(d)
assessor, provincial, 284(1)(r.2)
Balancing Pool, 30(4)
Board, 485(b), 602.01(1)(a)
borrowing, 241(a.1), 602.01(1)(b)
borrowing bylaw, 241(b)
brownfield property, 364.1(1)
building, 616(a.1)
business, 1(1)(a), 326(2)
business improvement area tax,
1(1)(aa)(iii)
business tax, 1(1)(aa)(ii)
business tax roll, 553.2(1)
by-election, 1(1)(b)
bylaw, public vote, 234(1)
bylaw, revised, 62.1
bylaw passing power, specific, 10(1)
capital plan, 283.1(1)
capital property, 241(c),
602.01(1)(c)
chair, 453(1)(c)
charter, 141.1(1)(a)
charter city, 141.1(1)(b)
27

chief administrative officer (CAO),
1(1)(c)
chief elected official (CEO), 1(1)(d)
clerk, 453(1)(d)
commission, 602.01(1)(d)
commissions, sporting, 535.1
community associations, 370(e)
community recreation facilities,
616(a.11)
community services reserve,
616(a.2)
complaint deadline, 284(4)
composite assessment review board,
453(1)(e), 453(2)
conceptual scheme, 653(4.4)(b)
condominium share in the common
property, 290.1(2)
condominium unit, 290.1(2)
consumer, 31(1)(a)
controlled corporation, 241(d)
corporation, 73(1), 169(a)
council, 1(1)(e)
council committee, 1(1)(f)
councillor, 1(1)(g)
councillor's family, 169(b)
Crown, 284(1)(f)
Crown land not in use, 298(1)(j),
351(1)(a)
customer, 28(a)
debt limit, 241(e)
designated industrial property,
284(1)(f.01), 284(2.1)
designated manufactured home,
284(1)(f.1), 284(1)(j)(iii),
284(f.1)
designated officer, 1(1)(h)
detrimental to the surrounding area,
546(0.1)(a)
developable land, 668(1)
development, 616(b)
development authority, 616(c)
development permit, 616(d)
director, 169(a)
direct sales agreement, 30(4)
direct seller, 31(1)(b)
disaster, 615.1(1)(a)
distress warrant, 437(a)
distributing corporation, 169(a)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

distribution tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
distributor, 31(1)(c)
drainage works, 290(2)
easement, 28(a.1)
elector, 1(1)(i)
electric distribution service, 360(4.2)
electric distribution system, 360(4.2)
electricity, 360(4.2)
emergency, 541(a), 615.1(1)(b)
enactment, 1(1)(j)
encroachment agreements, 651.2(1)
encumbrance, 410(a)
encumbrancee, 410(b)
environmental reserve, 616(e)
environmental reserve easement,
616(f)
equalized assessment, 317
excess capacity, 651(5)(a)
extended area network, 284(1)(g.1)
farm building, 284(1)(h)
farming operations, 284(1)(i)
farm land, 297(4)(a)
financial plan, 283.1(1)
financing change statement,
436.01(a)
financing statement, 436.01(b)
forest protection area, 75(1)
former Act, 616(g)
former Acts, 710(2)
former forestry road, 27.1(1)(b)
general election, 1(1)(k)
generation asset, 30(4)
growth management board,
1(1)(k.1), 708.01(1)(a)
growth plan, 708.01(1)(b)
growth region, 708.01(1)(c)
highway, 616(h)
improvement, 284(1)(j), 651(5)(b)
incremental assessed value, 381.1(a)
Indian band, 1(1)(k.2)
Indian reserve, 1(1)(k.3)
industrial customer, 298(2)
injurious affection, 534(1)
instrument, 616(i)
intermunicipal service agency,
616(j)
irrigation works, 290(2), 298(1)(c),
304(1)(h)
28

Land Compensation Board, 1(1)(l)
land use bylaw, 616(k)
land use policies, 616(l)
levy, 381.1(b)
linear property, 284(1)(k)
local assessment review board,
453(1)(f), 453(2)
local authority, 1(1)(m)
local improvement, 391
local improvement tax, 1(1)(aa)(vi)
lot, 616(m)
machinery and equipment,
284(1)(j)(iv), 284(1)(l),
297(4)(a.1)
manufactured home, 284(1)(m)
manufactured home community,
284(1)(n)
market value, 1(1)(n)
mediation, 112.1, 616(m.1)
meeting, 1(1.1)
meeting, closed, 1(3)
member, 602.01(1)(e)
Minister, 1(1)(o)
Minister's Guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)
mobile home, 284(1)(n.1)
modular home, 284(1)(n.2)
municipal agreement, 708.01(1)(d)
municipal and school reserve, 616(p)
municipal assessment roll,
284(1)(n.3)
municipal assessor, 284(1)(n.4)
municipal authority, 1(1)(p),
602.01(1)(f)
Municipal Government Board
(MGB), 1(1)(q)
Municipal Government Board
administrator, 485(a)
municipality, 1(1)(s), 284(1)(o)
municipality, non-conforming,
358.1(1)(a)
municipal officer, 535(1)(a)
municipal planning commission,
616(n)
municipal public utility, 28(b)
municipal purposes, 1(1)(r)
municipal reserve, 616(o)
municipal tariff matter, 28.1(1)(a)
municipal utility service, 28(c)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

natural person powers, 1(1)(t)
non-conforming building, 616(q)
non-conforming municipality,
358.1(1)(a)
non-conforming use, 616(r)
non-municipal utility service, 28(d)
non-profit, 616(r.1)
non-profit organization, 241(f)
non-residential, 297(4)(b),
358.1(1)(b)
officer, 169(a)
operational, 284(1)(o.1)
operator, 284(1)(p)
organization, 14(1)
owner, 1(1)(u), 62(1), 284(1)(q),
653(4.4)(c), 679(4), 680(1.1),
686(5), 692(7)(b)
parcel of land, 1(1)(v), 410(b.1),
616(s)
participating municipality,
708.01(1)(e)
pecuniary interest, 1(1)(w)
period for payment, 437(b)
Planning Act, 616(t)
plan of subdivision, 616(u)
population, 1(1)(x)
power purchase arrangement, 30(4)
previous regulations, 322.1(1)(b)
private land, 26(1)
property, 284(1)(r)
property tax, 1(1)(aa)(i)
provincial assessor, 284(1)(r.2)
provincial member, 453(1)(g)
public utility, 1(1)(y), 602.01(1)(g),
616(v)
public utility lot, 616(w)
public vote bylaw, 234(1)
ratio, tax, 358.1(1)(c)
redevelopment area, 616(x)
regional services commission,
1(1)(y.1)
register, 436.01(c)
Registrar, 616(y)
Registry, 436.01(d)
regulated rate tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
regulations, previous, 322.1(1)(b)
remedial costs, 410(c.1)
remuneration, 275.1(1), 588.1(1)
29

representative, 708.01(1)(f)
requisition, 326(1)(a), 326(1)(a)(vi),
359.1(1), 359.2(2)
reserve bid, 410(d), 436.01(e)
reserve land, 616(z)
residential, 297(4)(c)
restrictive covenant, 651.1(1)
retailer, 28(d.1)
revised bylaw, 62.1
road, 1(1)(z), 616(aa)
school board, 616(bb)
school reserve, 616(cc)
securities, 250(1)
security interest, 436.01(f)
service, 602.01(1)(h)
service connection, 28(e)
shareholder, 169(a)
special tax, 1(1)(aa)(iv)
specific bylaw passing power, 10(1)
sporting commissions, 535.1
spouse, 169(c)
statutory plan, 616(dd), 708.01(1)(g)
structure, 284(1)(u), 541(b)
student dormitory, 326(1)(b)
subdivide, 616(ee)
subdivision, 616(ee)
subdivision and development appeal
board, 616(gg)
subdivision and development
regulations, 616(hh)
subdivision authority, 616(ff)
subsidiary, 28.1(1)(b)
summer village, 1(1)(s)(i), 1(1)(z.1),
1(2.1)
SuperNet, 284(1)(u.1)
survey, 141(1)(a)
surveyed land, 141(1)(b)
system access service, 360(4.2)
tax, 1(1)(aa), 410(e), 436.01(g),
437(c)
tax arrears, 326(1)(c), 437(d)
tax arrears list, 436.01(h)
tax notice, 453(1)(h)
taxpayer, 1(1)(bb)
tax ratio, 358.1(1)(c)
tax recovery lien, 436.01(i)
tax recovery notification, 410(f)
tax roll, 453(1)(i), 553.2(1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

telecommunications system,
284(1)(k)(iii)
transmission system, 360(4.2)
transmission tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
transportation service, 602.01(1)(i)
travel trailer, 284(1)(w.1)
unsightly condition, 546(0.1)(b)
urban gas system, 31(1)(d)
urban municipality, 31(1)(e)
utility agreement, 127.1(1)
utility service, 28(f)
volunteer worker, 535(1)(b)
voting rights, 169(a)
voting shares, 169(a)
well and battery, 618(1)(b)
well drilling equipment tax,
1(1)(aa)(v)
whole council, 1(1)(cc)
year, 284(1)(x)
deposit receipts
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
deposits for utilities, unclaimed, 611
deputy chief elected official
appointment by council, 152(1)
duties, 152(2)
oath requirement, 156
derelict industrial or commercial
property, redevelopment. See
brownfield property
designated industrial property
access to assessment records or
summaries, 299.1–301
annual assessment, 285
appeals to MGB
absence from hearing, 495
access to provincial assessment
record, 299.1(3), 299.2(3)
complainants, 492, 508
costs, 501–502
decisions, 499–500, 505
duty to provide information,
295(4), 295(6)
fees, 491(1.1)
form of complaint, 491
hearings, 493
intervention by municipality, 508
30

jurisdiction of Board, 488(1)(a)
matters, 492
notice of decision, 505
notice of hearings, 494
notice to attend or produce, 497
notice to provincial assessor, 493,
494
oaths, 496
proceedings, 496
rehearing, 504
technical irregularities, 507
time extensions, 503
time of filing, 491(1)(a)
witnesses, 498
assessments, 291–292, 314.1
improvements, 291
information in AER. AUC, NEB
records, 292(2.1)–(2.2)
other information, 292(2.1)–(2.2)
by provincial assessor, 292(1)
valuation standard, 292(2)
assessment notices
address of assessed person, 304(3)
address unknown, 310(2)
amended, 309, 312
certification of date of sending,
310(4)–(5)
combined assessment and tax
notices, 308(4)
complaints, 309
contents, 309
copies to municipality, 308(2)
deemed received, 311
errors and omissions, 312
notices to assessed persons, 308(2)
preparation, 308(2)
publication of notice, 311
time of sending, 310
assessment requisitions
definition, 326(1)(a)(vi)
Minister’s regulations, 370(c.2),
370(f)–(g)
complaints to ARBs not allowed,
460(7), 460(14)
definitions
designated industrial property,
284(1)(f.01), 284(2.1)
not brownfield property, 364.1(1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

operational, 284(1)(o.1)
operator, 284(1)(p)
requisition, 326(1)(a)(vi)
major plant
in definition of designated
industrial property,
284(1)(f.01)
Minister’s regulations for
designation, 322(6)–(8)
Minister’s regulations on
designation of, 322(1)(d.2)–
(d.3), 322(1)(g.1), 322(6)–(8)
provincial assessment roll
assessable for public or separate
schools, 303.1(g)
contents, 303.1
exemption from taxation, 303.1(h)
time of preparation, 302
provincial assessors, 292(1) (See
also provincial assessor)
assessment notices for designated
industrial property
deemed received, 311
requisitions
ASFF requisitions, 359.1
cancellation, reduction, refund or
deferral, 359.4
school board requisitions, 359.2
tax rates, 359.3
supplementary assessments
bylaws not to authorize
assessments, 313(4)
operational period, 314.1
valuation standard, 314.1
supplementary property tax,
369(2.01) (See also
supplementary property tax)
tax in industrial improvement areas,
594
designated manufactured homes
assessed person for assessed
property, 304(1)(j)–(k),
304(6)–(7)
assessment and taxation
compulsory tax instalment
payments, 357(1.1)
homes, 298(1)(aa), 351(1)(a)

31

homes and assessed person,
304(1)(j–k), 304(6)–(7), 331
homes in storage, 298(1)(aa)
homes moved out of municipality,
368(4)
definitions
designated manufactured home,
284(f.1)
improvement includes designated
manufactured home,
284(1)(j)(iii)
manufactured home, 284(1)(m)
manufactured home community,
284(1)(n)
owner, 284(1)(q)
manufactured home community (See
manufactured home
community)
offences and penalties (See offences
and penalties)
special lien, 348(d)(ii)
supplementary assessments, 313(2),
314(2.1)
tax recovery (See tax recovery
related to designated
manufactured homes)
designated officers, 210–212
assessor, 284(1)(d)
auditors' information access, 283(2)
bylaw for, 210(1)–(3)
CAO role, 210(5)
council's responsibilities, 201, 203,
210(1)–(3)
definitions, designated officer,
1(1)(h)
delegation of council powers to, 203
delegation of duties to employees,
212
development authority membership,
623(2)(b), 624(2)(a)
dismissal order to, 574(1)
duties
advertisement certificate, 606(7)–
(8)
electronic council meetings,
199(1)(b)
enforcement of municipal law,
542, 545(1), 546(1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

municipal accounts, 270
redevelopment levy, 634(d)
signatures to minutes and
documents, 213
tax records, 336, 343(2)
tax recovery not related to land,
439
tax recovery related to designated
manufactured homes,
436.11(2), 436.24
fidelity bond, 212.1
offences and penalties, 557–558
planning and development policies
listed on municipal websites,
638.2
prohibited buying and selling, 429,
436.21
revocation of appointment, 211
salary information, FOIP does not
apply, 217(3)
supervision by CAO, 210(4)
title, 210(2)
vacancies or not yet designated,
210(5)
destruction of records, 214
development appeals
AER, AEUB, ERCB, NRCB or
AUC authorizations, 619
appeal of decision to Court of
Appeal, 688–689 (See also
Court of Appeal)
commencement of appeal, 686(1)
definition of owner, 686(5)
grounds for appeal, 685
hearing, 686(2)–(3)
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board (See
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board)
permit deemed refused, 684,
686(4.1)
public inspection of documents,
686(4)
stop order appeals, 685(1), 686(1)
subdivision and development appeal
board (See subdivision and
development appeal board
(SDAB))
32

time period
filing notice of appeal, 686(1)
notice of hearing, 686(3)
permit deemed refused, 684
review of applications, 640.1
development authority
AER, AEUB, ERCB, NRCB or
AUC authorizations, 619
ALSA regional plans, compliance
with, 622, 630.2
bylaw for, 624
CEO membership, 154(3)
closed meetings, 1(3), 197
composition, 624(2)
decision, 640(6), 642(3)–(4)
definition, 616(c)
intermunicipal service agency, 625
land use policies consistency, 622
offences and penalties, 557(a.1)
permits (See development permit)
permitted and discretionary uses,
642
powers under land use bylaw, 640(6)
regulations on decision or order,
694(1)(c.1)
stop order (See stop order)
subdivision authority (See
subdivision authority)
time to deliver decision, 642(3)
time to review applications, 640.1
use of published municipal policies,
638.2(3)
development of under-utilized
industrial or commercial
property. See brownfield
property
development permit, 640–643, 650–
651, 683–683.1
agreement to oversize
improvements, 651
appeals (See development appeals)
applications, 683–683.1
acknowledgment of completeness,
683.1(5), 683.1(7)
acknowledgment of refusal,
683.1(11)
additional information, 683.1(10)
deemed complete, 683.1(4)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

deemed refused, 683.1(8)–(9)
land use bylaw requirements, 683
notice of incompleteness, 683.1(6)
time to determine completeness,
640.1, 683.1
conditions generally, 620, 650
land use bylaw conditions, 650
licenses, permits or approvals,
priorities, 620
Lieutenant Governor in Council,
Minister, Provincial agency
or Crown organizations, 620
conditions in land use bylaw, 650
access road, construction or
payment, 650(1)(a)
caveat on land title, 650(2)–(3)
loading and unloading facilities,
650(1)(d)(ii)
parking facilities, 650(1)(d)(i)
payment of levies, 650(1)(e)
pedestrian walkway systems,
650(1)(b)
public utilities, 650(1)(c), 650(4)
security for agreement, 650(1)(f)
decision, 641(3)–(4), 642(3)–(4),
683.1
definitions
development permit, 616(d)
excess capacity, 651(5)(a)
improvement, 651(5)(b)
restrictive covenant, 651.1(1)
development authority (See
development authority)
direct control districts, 641
hearing, 687(1)
jurisdiction of appeal board, 687(3)
non-conforming use (See land use
bylaws)
oversize improvement agreement
(See oversize improvement
agreements)
permitted and discretionary uses,
642
requirement for, 683
restrictive covenant, 651.1
stop order (See stop order)
time

33

apply after previous refusal,
640(5)
decision by board, 687(2)
deliver decision, 642(3)–(4)
determine completeness, 640.1,
683.1
review applications, 640.1, 683.1
digital communications. See
electronic communications and
records
dikes
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
liability for non-negligence actions,
528
direct control districts, 641
direct seller
definition, 31(1)(b)
gas utilities (See gas utilities)
regulation of gas supply from, 31
disagreements and disputes,
intermunicipal. See
intermunicipal disagreements and
disputes
disasters. See also emergencies
definition, 615.1(1)(a)
disclosure statement. See pecuniary
interests
dishonesty, liability, 535
dismissal of council or members or
chief administrative officer,
574–575.2
directions before dismissal, 574(1)
dismissal for non-compliance with
order, 574(2)
dismissal of CAO with appointment
of replacement, 574(4)
dismissal of council or councillor,
with election for replacements
after, 574(3)
enforcement of Minister’s orders,
575.2
judicial review, 579.1
Minister’s order for dismissal,
matters, 574(2)
notice
application for judicial review,
579.1
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

intended order, 574(2.1), 575.2(2)
official administrator after dismissal
(See also official
administrator)
appointment, 574(5)
powers and duties of council,
574(6)
reports of, 575.1
as supervisor, 575
dismissal of regional services
commission, 602.36–602.381
directions before dismissal,
602.36(1)
enforcement of Minister’s orders,
602.372
Minister’s notice of intended orders,
602.36(1.2), 602.372(2)
Minister’s orders, matters,
602.36(1.1)
official administrator after dismissal,
602.36–602.38 (See also
official administrator)
appointment, 602.36(4)
powers and duties of council,
602.36(5)
reports of, 602.371
as supervisor, 602.37
reports of official administrators,
602.371
disposal of interest in roads, 17
disposal of reserve, 674–675. See also
reserve land
disputes, intermunicipal. See
intermunicipal disagreements and
disputes
disqualification of councillors, 174–
179
appeal to Court of Appeal, 178–179
application to Court of Queen's
Bench, 175–177, 179
disqualification reasons
absence from council, 174(1)(d),
174(2)
civil liability, 174(1)(k)
conviction of offences, 174(1)(e)
failure to file disclosure statement,
174(1)(b.1)
failure to vote, 174(1)(f)
34

ineligibility for nomination,
174(1)(a)–(b)
judge, Senator, MP, MLA,
174(1)(c)
municipal employee, 174(1)(j)
pecuniary interests, 174(1)(g)–(i)
effect on challenge to bylaw or
resolution, 540
eligibility for re-election, 174(4)
inadvertence or genuine error, 177
reimbursement of costs and
expenses, 179
resignation, 175
dissolution and liquidation of
municipality, 129–134.1
application of Act, 129
council request for viability review,
130(2)
dissolution order, 133
dissolution study, transitional
matters, 134.1
land transfers, order effects on, 136
Lieutenant Governor in Council
powers, 133, 135(4), 137(2)–
(3), 138
liquidator appointment and powers,
133(2)(c)
Minister, 76, 130–130.3
order effects, 135–137
orders, retroactivity of, 138
petition for viability review,
130(2)(b)
publication of orders, 139
taxes, order effects on, 134
transitional matters, 134.1
viability review, 130–130.1
vote on proposed dissolution, 130–
130.2
distress warrant. See tax recovery not
related to land
distributor
definition, 31(1)(c)
gas utilities (See gas utilities)
regulation of gas supply from direct
seller, 31
districts
direct control, 641
land use bylaw, 640(2)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

ditches. See also drains and drainage
works
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
land acquisition for, 62
liability for non-negligence actions,
528
diversions and road allowances
boundaries and correction lines, 141
municipal control over, 18(2)
documents. See records and
documents
domestic animals
bylaw matters, 7(h)
dormitories. See student dormitories
dozers
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(p),
351(1)(a)
Drainage Districts Act
definition of drainage works, 290(2)
drains and drainage works
assessed person for works under
lease, licence or permit,
304(1)(d), 331
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
assessment for right of way used for
other purposes, 290(2)
drainage ditch special tax, 382(1)(j)
land acquisition, 62, 644
natural drainage as environmental
reserve, 664(1)(a)
public utilities (See public utilities)
public utility definition, 1(1)(y)(v),
616(v)(v)
rent collections for tax arrears,
416(2.1)
drilling equipment tax. See well
drilling equipment tax
Ducks Unlimited (Canada)
tax status, 363(1)(a)
dust treatments
special tax, 382(1)(d)
dwelling units
land use bylaw for number of units,
640(2)(e)

35

easements
definition of easement, 28(a.1)
environmental reserve easement (See
environmental reserve
easement)
public utilities service to land
adjacent to road or easement,
35
right to clear title after public
auction, 423(1)(d)
Edmonton. See also Capital Region
Board Regulation
auditor appointment, 280(4)
Edmonton International Airport
vicinity regulations, 693(1)
EPCOR Water Services Inc., 47.1
growth management board, 708.02,
708.011
tax recovery related to land,
proceedings continuation, 435
election day for by-election, 165–166
elections. See by-elections; general
election; votes and voting; ward
system
electric power utilities
agreements for long-term supplies to
public utility, 30(2)
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(f),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
definitions
electric distribution system,
360(4.2)
electricity, 360(4.2)
as linear property, 284(1)(k)(i)
public utility, 1(1)(y)(vii),
616(v)(vii)
linear property (See linear property)
public utilities (See public utilities)
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
tax agreements, 360(4.1)–(4.2)
tax exemptions, with exceptions,
351, 362(1)(b)(iii), 362.1
Electric Utilities Act
definitions, 360(4.2)
Balancing Pool, 30(4)
customer, 28(a)
direct sales agreement, 30(4)
distribution tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

generation asset, 30(4)
municipal public utility, 28(b)
municipal tariff matter, 28.1(1)(a)
power purchase arrangement,
30(4)
regulated rate tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
retailer, 28(d.1)
subsidiary, 28.1(1)(b)
transmission tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
inconsistencies with this Act and,
28.1(2)
public utilities agreements between
council and subsidiary of
municipality, 45(5)
electronic communications and
records
bylaw on advertisement methods,
including electronic means,
606.1
council meetings, 199
destruction of originals, 214(1)
e-mail address in petitions,
224(2)(c.1)
e-mail communications, 608
regulations, 608
sending documents, 608
service of documents, 607
time deemed received, 608(2)
embankments
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(d),
351(1)(a)
emblem and seal
heraldic emblem, unauthorized use,
557(a), 559
reproductions of seal, 272(1)
safe keeping of seal, 272(2)
emergencies
actions to remedy contraventions
and dangers, 551 (See also
enforcement of municipal law)
definitions
disaster, 615.1(1)(a)
emergency, 541(a), 615.1(1)(b)
expenditures, authorization,
248(1)(b)
liability of volunteers, 535
municipal exemption, 615.1

36

offences and penalties for noncompliance or contravention of
emergency remedy order,
557(c)
Emergency Management Act,
615.1(1)
employees
agreements for services or
commodities, prohibition, 215
auditor, prohibition, 280(3)
auditor's access to information from,
283(2)
bylaw enforcement officers, 555–
556
change of status order effects on,
97.2(1)(b)
council membership prohibition,
174(1)(j)
designated officer duties, delegation
to employees, 212
fidelity bond, 212.1
improvement districts, 591
inquiry, 572
inspections, 571
lawyers, use of employees not to
affect costs, 554.1(2)
liability, 535
prohibited buying and selling, 429,
436.21
SDAB membership, prohibition,
627(4)
service of documents on
municipality, 607
encroachment agreements, 651.2
encumbrances. See tax recovery
related to land
Energy Regulator, Alberta. See
Alberta Energy Regulator (AER)
Energy Resources Conservation
Board (ERCB). See also Alberta
Energy and Utilities Board
(AEUB); Natural Resources
Conservation Board (NRCB)
appeals to MGB on planning and
development applications,
488(1)(h), 619(5)–(11)
appeal to Court of Appeal, 688–689
(See also Court of Appeal)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

assessment
designated industrial property, 292
land development environmental or
physical limitations,
regulations for, 694(5.1)–(5.4)
planning and development
applications, 619(1)–(4),
619(11)
enforcement of municipal law, 541–
559
action by municipality, 552, 554.1
actions to remedy contraventions,
549
actions to remedy dangers and
unsightly property, 550
appeal to Court of Queen's Bench,
543, 548
bylaw enforcement officers, 555–
556
caveat on title, 546.1, 646(2)–(3)
costs
emergencies, 551(4)–(5), 554.1
unpaid added to tax roll,
553.1(1)(c), 553.1(2),
553.2(2)(b)
entitlement, 554.1(1)
to remedy contraventions, 549(3),
553(1)(c), 553(2), 554.1
to remedy dangers and unsightly
property, 550(3), 553.1,
553.2(2)(b), 554.1
use of municipal lawyers not to
affect costs, 554.1(2)
definitions
detrimental to the surrounding
area, 546(0.1)(a)
emergency, 541(a)
structure, 541(b)
unsightly condition, 546(0.1)(b)
designated officer role, 542, 545(1),
546(1)
emergencies, 551
fines, 566(2), 568
forms for bylaw enforcement, 560
injunctions, 554
inspections and enforcement, 542–
544
offences (See offences and penalties)
37

order for compliance, 567
orders, review by council, 547
order to provide emergency services
or materials, 551(3)
order to remedy contraventions, 545
order to remedy dangers and
unsightly property, 546
public utility meter inspections, 544
removal of occupants, 550(2)
right of entry for emergencies,
542(3)
sale proceeds from actions, 550(4)
stop order (See stop order)
unsanitary premises, 549(2)
environment
municipal purposes, 3
Environmental Protection and
Enhancement Act
remedial costs defined, 410(c.1)
remedial costs for land transferred to
municipality, 428.2(3)
Environmental Protection and
Enhancement Fund
remedial costs for land transferred to
municipality, 428.2(3)
environmental reserve
agreement, 664.1
bylaw designation of municipal land,
665
changes to uses or boundaries, 676
condition of land provided, 664(1)
drainage land, 664(1)(a)
land subject to flooding or
unstable land, 664(1)(b)
pollution prevention, 664(1)(c)(i)
public access to body of water,
664(1)(c)(ii)
shore, 664(1)(c)
definitions
bed and shore, 664(1.2)
environmental reserve, 616(e)
environmental reserve easement,
616(f)
reserve land, 616(z)
easement (See environmental reserve
easement)
easement in place of reserve, consent
for, 664(2)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

order effects from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution, or
formation, 135–137
purposes
land preservation, 664(1.1)(a)
prevention of risk of injury or
damage, 664(1.1)(d)
prevention of water pollution,
664(1.1)(b)
public access to body of water,
664(1.1)(c)
registration, 676(4)
reserves generally (See reserve land)
subdivisions
agreements between owner and
municipality, 664.1
application for approval, 664.1
plan cancellation, 658(3)–(5)
requirements, 661–662, 666
tax exemption based on use, 361(c)
uses, 671(1), 676
environmental reserve easement
changes to boundaries, 676(1)(d)
changes to land use, 664(3)–(4)
easement
enforcement, 664(3)(e)
interest in municipal land,
664(3)(d)
land description, 664(3)(a)
land disposition effects, 664(3)(c)
natural state requirement,
664(3)(b)
easement in place of reserve, consent
for, 664(2)
enforcement, 664(3)(e), 664(4)(a)
environmental reserves (See
environmental reserve)
lapsing of, 664(4)
registration, 664(2), 664(5)–(9),
676(4)
reserves generally (See reserve land)
subdivision requirement, 662(2), 666
EPCOR Water Services Inc.
(Edmonton), 47.1. See also
public utilities, municipal
equalized assessments, 317–325
appeal to MGB
absence from hearing, 495
38

complainants, 508
costs, 501–502
decisions, 499–500, 505
fees, 491(1.1)
form of complaint, 491
hearings, 493
intervention by municipality, 508
jurisdiction, 488(1)(b), 488.1
notice of decision, 505
notice of hearings, 494
notice to attend or produce, 497
notice to provincial assessor, 494
oaths, 496
proceedings, 496
rehearing, 504
technical irregularities, 507
time extensions, 503
time of filing, 491(1)(b)
time to file, 321
witnesses, 498
community revitalization levy, 381.4
complaints to ARBs not allowed,
460(14)
Crown grants, 317(c)
definition of equalized assessment,
317
Minister
alter equalized assessments, 325
duty to provide information to;
time, 318
prepare equalized assessments,
319
regulations, 322(1)(h)
notice to municipality, 320
property made taxable by bylaw,
317(d)
property under tax agreement,
317(e)
supplementary assessments
excluded, 317.1
transitional matters, 321.1
Equalized Assessment Variance
Regulation, 603.1(4)
equipment. See machinery and
equipment
ERCB. See Energy Resources
Conservation Board (ERCB)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

excavations
defined as development, 616(b)(i)
remedy order for dangerous and
unsightly property, 546(1)(b)
exempt
exempt from assessment (See nonassessable properties, with
exceptions and conditions)
exempt from taxation (See nontaxable properties)
planning (See planning and
development)
expense allowance, 275.1, 588.1
expropriation, 14–15
application by owner for whole
parcel expropriation, 15
definition of organization, 14(1)
Land Compensation Board powers,
15
mines and minerals excluded, 14(3)
outside municipality, 14(4)
powers, 14(2)
area redevelopment plans,
14(2)(b)
development or redevelopment by
organization, 14(2)(e)
in enactment, 14(2)(a)
improve land, 14(2)(c)
sell land as building sites, 14(2)(d)
regional services commission land
outside members' boundaries,
602.13
size of parcel, whole or part, 14(5),
15
Expropriation Act
Land Compensation Board defined,
1(1)(l)
municipal expropriations, 14(2)
public works affecting land, 534(11),
534(14)
regional services commission
expropriations, 602.13(1)
extended area network
assessment of linear property,
298(1)(cc), 298(3), 322(1)(c.1)
definitions
extended area network,
284(1)(g.1)
39

SuperNet, 284(1)(u.1)
regulations, 322(1)(b.1)
SuperNet as non-assessable linear
property, 322(1)(c.1)
Extension of Linear Property
Regulation, 603.1(3.1)
facilities
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
farms and farming
assessment and taxation
farm buildings, 298(1)(y),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a), 361(b)
grazing of stock interests,
298(1)(o)
growing crops, 298(1)(w)
guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)(i)(B)
linear property for farming,
298(1)(q)
residences and farm buildings,
370(a)
assessment classes and sub-classes,
class 3 farm land, 297(1)(c),
297(4)(a)
definitions
farm building, 284(1)(h)
farming operations, 284(1)(i)
farm land, 297(4)(a)
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
fax machines
sending documents, 608
feedlots
planning and development, 618.1
fees, tolls and charges
bylaw provisions, 8(c)
land use bylaw provisions, 640(4)(q)
municipal property, use of, 61(2)
municipal public utilities, 31(3), 34,
37.1(3)(a)
planning and development,
established by council, 630.1
fences and walls
land use bylaw, 640(4)(e)
liability for damage by, 533(a)
fidelity bond, 212.1
financial administration, 241–283
accounting standards (See auditors
and audits)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

accounts (See banks and banking)
audit (See auditors and audits)
banks (See banks and banking)
borrowing (See borrowing)
budgets (See annual budgets; capital
budgets; operating budgets)
CAO duties (See chief
administrative officer duties)
capital plan requirement, 283.1
capital property (See capital
property)
change of status order effects (See
change of status of
municipality)
controlled corporations (See
controlled corporations)
debt limits (See debt limits)
definitions
accounting standards, 241(a)
amortization, 241(a.01)
annual budget, 241(a.02)
borrowing, 241(a.1)
borrowing bylaw, 241(b)
capital plan, 283.1(1)(a)
capital property, 241(c)
controlled corporation, 241(d)
debt limit, 241(e)
financial plan, 283.1(1)(b)
non-profit organization, 241(f)
remuneration, 275.1(1), 588.1
securities, 250(1)
tangible capital assets, 241(a.01)
dissolution order effects (See
dissolution and liquidation of
municipality)
expenditures, 248
fidelity bond, 212.1
financial information return (See
financial information return)
financial plan requirement, 283.1
financial statements (See financial
statements)
financial year, 269
formation order effects (See
formation of municipality)
grants (See grants)
guarantees (See loans and
guarantees)
40

investments (See investments and
securities)
liability of councillors (See liability
of councillors)
loans (See loans and guarantees)
long-term borrowing for capital
property (See capital property)
operating budgets (See operating
budgets)
securities (See investments and
securities)
short-term borrowing for capital
property (See capital property)
signing or authorization of
documents (See records and
documents; signatures)
taxes generally (See taxes and
taxation)
tax recovery (See tax recovery not
related to land; tax recovery
related to designated
manufactured homes; tax
recovery related to land)
unauthorized expenditures,
borrowings or grants, 249 (See
also liability of councillors)
Financial Administration Act
authorized investments, 599
conditions for development permits,
620
property tax exemptions, 362(1)(a)
financial information return, 277–
278, 281
accounting standards, 241(a),
277(2), 281(2)
additional information on request,
281(4)
auditor's report, 281
Minister sets requirements, 277(2),
602.32(2)
regional services commission,
602.32(1)
requirements, 277(1)
time due, 278, 602.34
unauthorized transactions or bylaw
non-compliance, 281(3)
financial statements
controlled corporations, 279
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

municipalities, 276, 278–279, 281
accounting standards, 241(a),
276(1), 281(2)
auditor's report, 281
contents, 276(2)
time due to Minister, 278
time due to public, 276(3)
unauthorized transactions or bylaw non-compliance, 281(3)
regional services commission,
602.33
financial year, 269, 602.18
fines. See offences and penalties
firearms
bylaw approval, 74
fires
Crowsnest Pass bylaws, 615(2)(b)
fire bylaws in forest protection areas,
75
fire insurance proceeds, taxes as first
charge, 349
fire protection area special tax,
382(1)(i)
forest (See forests and forestry)
liability of volunteers, 535
unpaid costs of fire extinguishment
added to tax roll, 553(1)(g),
553(2)
water supply plants for fire
protection, 298(1)(g),
351(1)(a)
fire stations
community services reserves for
facilities for, 671(2.1)(b)
off-site levy, 648(2.1)
First Nations. See Indian bands and
reserves
flood-gates
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
flood land
as environmental reserve, 664(1)(b)
land use bylaw contents, 640(4)(l)
floodways
development regulations, 693.1
flumes
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
41

FOIP. See Freedom of Information
and Protection of Privacy Act
(FOIP)
Forest and Prairie Protection Act
Crowsnest Pass, 615(2)(b)
fire bylaws in forest protection areas,
75
Forest Reserves Act
assessment and taxation of stock
grazing interests, 298(1)(o),
351(1)(a)
roads in Rocky Mountains Forest
Reserve, 19
forestry roads, 27.1–27.6
agreement for commercial and
industrial use, 27.2
costs for failure to maintain, 27.4,
553.1(1)(b), 553.1(2)
definition
agreement holder, 27.1(1)(a)
former forestry road, 27.1(1)(b)
fees for use of former roads,
27.2(b)(ii), 27.3
Minister of Transportation
designations, 27.1(1)(b)
unauthorized uses, 27.1, 27.5
Forests Act, assessment and taxation
stock grazing interests, 298(1)(o),
351(1)(a)
timber, 298(1)(n), 351(1)(a)
forests and forestry
assessment and taxation
forestry towers, 298(1)(m),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
grazing of stock, 298(1)(o),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
reforestation lands, 298(1)(l),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
timber disposition under Forests
Act, 298(1)(n), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
definitions
forest protection area, 75(1)
former forestry road, 27.1(1)(b)
fire protection area special tax,
382(1)(i)
former forestry roads (See forestry
roads)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

protection area fire bylaws, 75
formation of municipality, 76–90
general election time extensions,
158, 605
initiating formation, 85
land transfers, order effects on, 136
Lieutenant Governor in Council
powers, 88, 137(2)–(3), 138
modification of requirements, 84
official administrator appointment,
90
order effects, 135–137
order for, 88–89
orders, retroactivity of, 138
petition for, 85
principles, standards and criteria, 76,
86(a)
publication of orders, 139
public input, 87
summer village, 89.1
transitional matters, 137
type of municipalities, requirements
for each, 77–83
vote on, 87(2)
former forestry roads. See forestry
roads
forms for bylaw enforcement, 560
issuance only by authorized persons,
560(1)
offences and penalties (See offences
and penalties)
regulations prescribing, 604(d)–(e)
similar forms, prohibition, 560(2)
franchise agreement. See tax
agreements
Francophone Education Region
student dormitory definition,
326(1)(b)
taxation of school property,
362(1)(c)(i.1)
taxation of student dormitories,
363(1)(d), 363(3)
Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act
(FOIP)
assessment information, 301.1
auditors' information access, 283(3)

42

council meetings, open or closed,
1(3), 197(4)
disclosure and use of personal
information in petitions, 226.2
growth management board meetings,
708.041(2), 708.041(5)
regional services commission
meetings, 602.08(2), 602.08(4)
salaries of councillors, CAO and
designated officers, 217(3)
games. See parks and recreation
Gaming and Liquor Act
gaming and liquor licenses, taxation,
365
Gas Distribution Act
annexation of land, 127.1(3)
assessment and taxation of linear
property as part of rural gas
distribution systems,
298(1)(r)–(r.1), 298(2),
351(1)(a)
loans as shareholder of designated
gas seller, 264(3)
rural gas co-operative association
definition, 31(1)(c)(ii)
gas utilities
annexation of land order effects,
127.1(2)
assessment and taxation
linear property as part of rural gas
distribution systems,
298(1)(r)–(r.1), 298(2),
304(1)(i), 351(1)(a)
natural gas or propane system,
362(1)(b)(v)
definitions
consumer, 31(1)(a)
direct seller, 31(1)(b)
distributor, 31(1)(c)
urban gas system, 31(1)(d)
urban municipality, 31(1)(e)
disputes between municipalities re
service charges, 44(3)
gas supply from direct seller,
regulation, 31
generally (See public utilities,
municipal)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Gas Utilities Act
disputes between municipalities re
service charges, 44
gas wells. See wells and well sites
Gazette. See advertisements
general election
by-elections (See by-elections)
definition of general election,
1(1)(k)
petition votes delayed to general
election, 238
positions unfilled, actions by
Minister, 160, 166
time
delaying petition votes to general
election, 238
time extension for first election
after formation, 158
ward system, when to pass bylaw
for, 148–149
voting generally (See votes and
voting)
Glenmore Dam, 613
glycol
assessments (See linear property)
good faith standard, 535.1(2), 535(2)
Government Organization Act
conditions for development permits,
620
Minister defined in, 1(1)(o)
grain
land exempt from assessment and
taxation, 298(1)(w), 351(1)(a)
sale for tax arrears, 447
grants
business tax Crown grants, 380
equalized assessments, 317(c)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(g)
in place of taxes (grants in lieu), 366
application, 366(1)
discretionary provision, 366(5)
maximum amounts, 366(2)
non-qualifying properties, 366(3)
single family residences as Crown
property, 366(4)
regulations, 271(1)(b)

43

school board and municipality
agreements to share, 55
unauthorized expenditure of,
174(1)(k), 249
gravel levy. See community aggregate
payment levy
grazing
assessment of land, 290(3)
ground below
mines and minerals (See mines and
minerals)
municipal control and management,
60
growth management boards
ALSA regional plans, compliance,
570.01, 622, 708.06, 708.15
annual report, 708.09
appeals, 708.23
bylaws, 708.08
Calgary
board membership, 708.02(1.1)
establishment, 708.011
regulations, 708.02(1.1)
corporation, 708.03(1)
costs, capital and operating,
708.24(1)
definitions
growth management board,
1(1)(k.1), 708.01(1)(a)
growth plan, 708.01(1)(b)
growth region, 708.01(1)(c)
municipal agreement, 708.01(1)(d)
participating municipality,
708.01(1)(e)
representative, 708.01(1)(f)
statutory plan, 708.01(1)(g)
delegation of powers and duties,
708.07
dispute resolution, 708.23
Edmonton
board membership, 708.02(1.1)
Capital Region Board, 708.02(1.2)
establishment, 708.011
regulations, 708.02(1.1)
establishment, 708.02
municipal requests, 708.02(1)
regulation matters, 708.02(1.1),
708.02(2)–(3)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

expropriation, no action constitutes,
708.22
growth plan
approval, 708.01
conformity with, 708.12–708.13,
708.14
effective date, 708.11
plan prevails, 708.13
stop order, 708.12(2)–(4)
information provided from
municipalities, 708.17
injurious affection, no action
constitutes, 708.22
Lieutenant Governor in Council
appointments, 708.03(2)
regulatory powers, 708.02
limitation of actions, 708.19–708.21
meetings, 708.041
closed or open, 708.041
FOIP issues, 708.041(2),
708.041(5)
minutes, 708.041(7)
regulations, 708.041(8)
MGB, matters before, 708.18(1)
Minister, 708.02, 708.09, 708.18(1),
708.24
offences and penalties, information
not provided, 708.17
operating budgets, 243(1)(b.1)
powers and duties, 708.05, 708.24(1)
purpose, 708.011
records, 708.24(1)
Regulations Act not to apply, 708.1,
708.08(3)
regulations validation of, 603.1
reports, 708.09
representatives
appointment, 708.03(2), 708.04
statutory plans, effect on existing,
708.16
transitional matters, 708.24(1)(a),
708.25
guaranteed investment certificates
and receipts
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
guarantees. See loans and guarantees
44

guardrails
municipality not liable for damage
by, 533(a)
guidelines for assessment
regulations, 322–322.1
gully
as environmental reserve, 664(1)(a)
guns
firearms bylaw approval, 74
hamlets
assessment and taxation
Crown land exempt other than in
hamlets, 298(1)(j)
linear property as part of rural gas
distribution systems,
298(1)(r)–(r.1), 298(2),
304(1)(i), 351(1)(a)
natural gas or propane system,
362(1)(b)(v)
within forest protection areas, 75(3)
within improvement districts, 590
special tax for water supply,
382(1)(k)
headworks
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
351(1)(a)
health care
health professionals, special tax for
location incentives, 382(1)(h)
hospitals (See hospitals and hospital
authorities)
regional health authority
agreement with municipality for
services, 262
defined as local authority,
1(1)(m)(ii)
exemption from taxation,
362(1)(g.1)
securities as authorized municipal
investments, 250(2)(b),
250(2)(d)
hearings
annexation (See annexation of land)
assessment (See assessment review
boards (ARB); Municipal
Government Board (MGB))
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

brownfield property, 364.1(4),
364.1(13)
council (See council)
expropriation (See expropriation)
planning and development (See
development appeals;
subdivision appeals)
statutory plans (See statutory plans)
heat
public utility definition, 1(1)(y)(viii),
616(v)(viii)
heavy equipment. See machinery and
equipment
heraldic emblems
unauthorized use, 557(a), 559
highways
definition, 616(h)
planning and development, nonapplication of Act, 618(1)(a)
roads (See roads)
subdivision appeals if land near,
678(2), 694(1)(h)
Highways Development and
Protection Act, 636(1)(f)
Historical Resources Act,
compensation, 621
historical sites
grants in place of taxes, 366(3)(b)
subdivision appeals if land near,
678(2), 694(1)(h)–(h.1)
hoes
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(p),
351(1)(a)
holidays
action on day after, 605(1)
civic, 56
honorariums
defined as remuneration, 275.1(1),
588.1(1)
Hospitals Act
improvement district expenditures,
596(1)(b)
hospitals and hospital authorities
health professionals, special tax for
location incentives, 382(1)(h)
improvement district expenditures,
596(1)(b)

45

regional health authorities defined as
local authority, 1(1)(m)(ii)
securities as authorized municipal
investments, 250(2)(b), (d)
student dormitory definition
(includes hospital residences),
326(1)(b)
taxation
hospital property, 362(1)(e)
student dormitories, 363(1)(d),
363(3)
hostelling associations
tax status, 363(1)(b)
housing
assessed person for housing
accommodations, 304(4)
community services reserves for
facilities for affordable
housing, 671(2.1)(g)
condominiums (See condominiums)
disputes between management body
and municipality to MGB,
488(1)(d)
dormitories (See student
dormitories)
management bodies; taxation,
requisition definition,
326(1)(a)(v)
manufactured homes (See designated
manufactured homes)
seniors' lodges taxation, 362(1)(m),
362(1)(n)(iv), 375(d)
illumination devices
liability for damage by, 533(a)
imprisonment. See offences and
penalties
improper conduct
at meetings, 228
improvements
airports (See airports)
assessed person (See assessed person
for assessed property)
assessment rules, 291
buildings (See buildings)
complaints (See assessment review
boards (ARB))
definitions
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

improvement, 284(1)(j)
property as an improvement,
284(1)(r)(ii)
property as land and
improvements, 284(1)(r)(iii)
growth management plans,
compliance with, 708.12–
708.13
linear property (See linear property)
manufactured homes (See designated
manufactured homes)
manufacturing or processing (See
manufacturing or processing
plants and operations)
oversize improvements (See oversize
improvement agreements)
roads (See roads)
supplementary assessment roll, 315
supplementary assessments, 314
wells (See wells and well sites)
improvement districts, 581–602
account for tax revenue, trust, 595
accounts settlements, 598
accounts submitted to Legislative
Assembly, 597
acquisitions of land outside
municipal boundaries, 72(1),
601
administration by employees, 591
agreements for services, 602
amalgamations, 100, 583(1)(a)
annexation, 113(a), 583(1)(c)
application of other enactments, 586
assessment and taxation of Crown
land not in use, 298(1)(j),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
borrowing, 600
changes to, 583
council for, 588
Crown settlement of accounts, 598
definitions
defined as included in
municipality for tax
purposes, 284(1)(o)(ii)
defined as municipal authority,
1(1)(p)
remuneration, 588.1
dissolution, 583(1)(f)
46

division, 583(1)(b)
enactments, application of other, 586
establishment of council by
Minister, 588
expenditures, 593, 596–597
expense allowance for councillors,
588.1
formation order, 581–582, 585
hamlets, 590
Indian reserves not included, 2.1
industrial improvement areas within,
583(1)(e), 594
investments, approval of, 599
Minister, general power of, 587
name, 582(b), 583(1)(d)
publication, 584
Regulations Act does not apply, 585
roads, control by Minister, 592
specialized municipalities (See
specialized municipalities)
taxation
additional in industrial
improvement districts, 594
of Crown land not in use,
298(1)(j), 351(1)(a)
estimate of expenditures to
Minister, 593
transitional matters, 583(2)
improvement tax. See local
improvement tax
inconsistencies
bylaw passing powers in other
divisions, 10(3)
bylaws and Provincial enactments,
13
Parks Towns Act or special act
forming a municipality and this
Act, 2(2)
between statutory plans, 638
incremental assessed value
definition, 381.1(a)
indemnities
defined as remuneration, 275.1(1),
588.1(1)
Indian Act (Canada), 1(1)(k.2),
1(1)(k.3)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Indian bands and reserves
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(t),
351(1)(a)
definitions
Indian band, 1(1)(k.2)
Indian reserve, 1(1)(k.3)
as municipal authority for regional
services commission,
602.01(1)(f)
intermunicipal service agreements,
54
notice of area structure plan,
636(1)(h)
notice of municipal development
plan, 636(1)(g)
not included in municipalities,
improvement districts, or
special areas, 2.1
road allowance and municipal
boundary, 141(5)
Indigenous peoples. See Indian bands
and reserves
industrial customer, 298(1)(r)(i)
industrial property, designated
definition, 284(1)(f.01), 284(2.1)
industrial property, under-utilized.
See brownfield property
information access. See Freedom of
Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (FOIP); records and
documents
injection wells. See wells and well
sites
injunctions
enforcement of municipal law, 554
inquiry by Minister, 572
conduct of councillor, employee or
agent, or person under
agreement, 572(2)(b)–(c)
dismissal and directions after, 574
(See also dismissal of council
or members or chief
administrative officer)
fees and expenses, 572(4)
person to conduct, 572(3), 572(5)
report to Minister, 572(6)
inspections, other
bylaw matters, 7(i)(vii)
47

liability for damage caused by,
530(1)
inspections by Minister, 571
council request for, 571(1)
dismissal and directions after, 574
(See also dismissal of council
or members or chief
administrative officer)
inspectors
appointment, 571(2)
powers, 571(3)–(4)
report, 571(5)
matters, 571(1)
Minister’s initiative, 571(1)
petitions for, 571(1)
of regional services commission,
602.35
inspections for assessment, 294, 296,
571
Court authorized inspection and
enforcement, 296
information to assessor
duty to provide, 295
permits under Safety Codes Act,
295(2)–(3)
on request by assessor, 294(1)(b)–
(c)
inspections, 476.1, 516, 571
municipal assessment roll, 307
notice to owner or occupier, 294(1),
294(3)
purpose of inspection, 294(1),
294(3)
regulations, 322(1)(e.1)
right to enter and inspect, 294
inspections for subdivisions, 653(2)
inspections of regional services
commission, 602.35
inspection stations
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(i.1),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
instrument
definition, 616(i)
intensive livestock operation
planning and development, 618.1
interim financing for capital
property, 259

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

interim operating budget. See
operating budgets
intermunicipal authorities and
agreements
advertising jointly for intermunicipal
development plan, 692(3)(b)
bylaw agreements, 12
formation of municipalities, as factor
in, 86
growth management boards (See
growth management boards)
intermunicipal bylaw agreements, 12
intermunicipal development plans
(See intermunicipal
development plans)
intermunicipal off-site levy, 648.01,
694(4)(f)
intermunicipal planning
commission, 626
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board (See
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board)
reports of official administrators,
575.1
service agency, 616(j), 625
service agreements, 54, 135(5)
services or activities funded by
agreements, 262
intermunicipal development plans,
631–631.1, 636–638.1
ALSA regional plan compliance,
622, 638.1
amendments, 636(2)
bylaw establishing, 631
bylaws for planning, requirements,
692
conflicts or inconsistencies with
other plans, 638
consistency of plans
ALSA regional plan conflicts,
622, 638.1, 690(5)
area structure plan, 633
municipal development plan, 632,
633
contents of plan, 631(2)
effect of plans, 637
joint advertising, 692(3)(b)
48

joint public hearing, 692(3)(a)
listing and publishing of policies,
638.2
order for, 631.1
preparation, 636
intermunicipal disagreements and
disputes, 570, 688–691
ALSA regional plans, 690(5)
appeal to Court of Appeal of MGB
decision, 688–689 (See also
Court of Appeal)
appeal to MGB, 688(1), 690–691
conflict resolution procedures in
intermunicipal development
plans, 631(2)(b)
jurisdiction of MGB, 488(1)(j),
488(3)
mediation, 690(1), 690(3)
referral to Minister, 570
intermunicipal off-site levy, 648.01,
694(4)(f)
intermunicipal planning commission
agreement to establish, 626
other commissions (See municipal
planning commission; regional
services commission)
intermunicipal service agency
agreement to establish, 625
definition, 616(j)
service agreements, 54
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board,
627–630
committees, 627(3)
development appeals generally (See
development appeals)
establishment, 627–628
evidence and records, 629–630
membership prohibitions, 627(3)–(4)
subdivision appeals generally (See
subdivision appeals)
Internet (SuperNet). See extended
area network
investments and securities, 250
authorized
bank, treasury branch, credit union
or trust corporation,
250(2)(c)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Crown securities, 250(2)(a)
municipality, school division,
school district, hospital
district, health region, or
regional services
commission, 250(2)(b)
pooled funds, 250(2)(d)
definition of securities, 250(1)
improvement district investments,
599
Minister approvals for other
investments, 250(2)(e)–(4)
non-profit organization shares or
memberships, 250(5)
irrigation and irrigation works
assessment
irrigation works and land,
298(1)(c), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
irrigation works under lease,
licence or permit, 304(1)(d)
right of way used for other
purposes, 290(2)
definitions
irrigation works, 290(2),
298(1)(c), 304(1)(d)
in public utility definition,
1(1)(y)(iv), 616(v)(iv)
irrigation debentures, title after
public auction, 423(1)(b)
irrigation district land acquisition,
644
tax arrears, rent collections for,
416(2.1)
taxation of works and land,
298(1)(c), 304(1)(d), 351(1)(a)
Irrigation Districts Act
definition of irrigation works,
290(2), 298(1)(c), 304(1)(d)
judicial review of ARB decisions,
470. See also assessment review
boards (ARB)
confidentiality, 470(5)
decision admissible, 483
filing and service, 470(1)
liability for costs, 470(6)
notice, 470(2)
49

record of proceedings, 470(4)
regulations, 484.1
request for materials, 470(3)
time, 470(1)
judicial review of MGB decisions,
508.1. See also Municipal
Government Board (MGB)
confidentiality, 508.1(5)
filing and service, 508.1(1)
liability for costs, 508.1(6)
notice, 508.1(2)
record of proceedings, 508.1(4)
request for materials, 508.1(3)
transitional provisions, 137–138
karate commission
liability, 535.1
kickboxing commission
liability, 535.1
LAEA. See Local Authorities Election
Act (LAEA)
lake lot
subdivision approval, 652(2)(c),
652(3)
lakes. See water, body of
lake shore strip
as environmental reserve, 664(1)(c)
land
abutting roads, 21
acquisition (See acquisition of land)
adverse possession, 609
compensation (See compensation;
Land Compensation Board)
definitions for assessment
property, 284(1)(r)(i)
property as land and
improvements, 284(1)(r)(iii)
structure, 284(1)(u)
definitions for planning
change of use or intensity of use
defined as development,
616(b)(iii)–(iv)
excavation or stockpile as
development, 616(b)(i)
land use bylaw, 616(k)
land use policies, 616(l)
lot, 616(m)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

owner, 1(1)(u)
parcel of land, 1(1)(v), 616(s)
part of parcel as development,
616(m)(iv)–(v)
encroachment agreements, 651.2
Land Compensation Board (See
Land Compensation Board)
land separations, reserve land or
money for, 671
land use bylaws (See land use
bylaws)
land use policies consistency, 622
listing and publishing of planning
and development policies,
638.2
non-conforming use (See land use
bylaws)
planning and development generally
(See planning and
development)
reserves (See reserve land)
restoration (See land restoration)
restrictive covenant, 651.1
roads (See roads)
subdivisions (See subdivisions and
subdivision approvals)
water, body of (See water, body of)
Land Compensation Board
compensation for conservation
reserve, 664.2(3)
compensation for public works
affecting land, 534(10)–(15)
compensation for road closure, 23
compensation for temporary roads
and rights of way, 26(4)–(5)
defined, 1(1)(l)
expropriation, 15
land restoration
public utility main line service
connections, 36, 39
unpaid costs (See tax roll)
landscaping
land use bylaw matters, 640(4)(d)
land stewardship. See Alberta Land
Stewardship Act (ALSA); ALSA
regional plan
land titles
caveats (See caveats)
50

definitions
encumbrance, 410(a)
owner, 1(1)(u)(ii)
Registrar, 410(c)
road, 1(1)(z)
Municipal Government Board
registration of hearing costs, 502
search land titles, 524(3)
roads (See roads)
subdivisions (See subdivisions and
subdivision approvals)
tax recovery
acquisition of mines and minerals,
431
notification, 413
right to clear title, 423
transfer of parcel to municipality,
424, 428.2
transfer of reserves, 672–673
Land Titles Act
caveat as condition of development
permit, 650(2)–(3)
caveat for stop order, 646(2)–(3)
certificate of title for municipal
lands, 665(3)
conditions for clear title to public
auction land, 423(1)(d)–(e),
424(1)(c)–(d)
definitions
encumbrance, 410(a)
owner, 1(1)(u)(ii)
Registrar, 410(c)
environmental reserve easements,
664(6)–(8)
restrictive covenant, 651.1(1)
land use bylaws, 639–646
adjacent land identification for
hearings, 640(3)
AER, AEUB, ERCB, NRCB or
AUC authorizations, 619
ALSA regional plan conflicts, 622,
638.1, 690(5)
amendment hearing and notice
required, 692(1)(f), 692(4)–(5)
assessment and, 297(4)(b)
bylaw correction, 692(6)
bylaw requirements, 692

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

conditions for issuing a development
permit, 650
confined feeding operation or
manure storage, exemption for,
618.1
consistency with land use policies,
622
decision-making provisions,
640(2)(c)
definitions
land use bylaw, 616(k)
land use policies, 616(l)
non-conforming building, 616(q)
non-conforming use, 616(r)
development authority powers,
640(6)
development permits (See
development permit)
direct control districts, 641
districts, 640(2)(a)–(b), 642
hearing required, 692(1)–(2)
intermunicipal disputes, 690–691
(See also intermunicipal
disagreements and disputes)
land use policies, 622
listing and publishing of planning
and development policies,
638.2
matters optional in bylaw, 640(4)
adjacent land identification for
hearings, 640(3)
advertising and signs, 640(4)(m)–
(n)
agreements, 640(4)(q)
building changes, 640(4)(j)
building design, character and
appearance, 640(4)(g)
building development by airports,
640(4)(l)(iii)
building development by body of
water, 640(4)(l)
building development on land
subject to flooding,
640(4)(l)(i)
building set backs, 640(4)(c)
building size and location,
640(4)(b)
direct control districts, 640(4)(p)
51

fees, 640(4)(q)
fences and walls, 640(4)(e)
forms, 640(4)(q)
land excavations or filling in,
640(4)(k)
landscaping, 640(4)(d)
lighting, 640(4)(i)
loading and unloading, 640(4)(f)
parking, 640(4)(f)
population density, 640(4)(o)
procedures, 640(4)(q)
road access, 640(4)(h)
stop orders, 640(4)(q)
subdivision design standards,
640(4)(a)
matters required in bylaw, 640(2)
development permit, 640(2)(c)–(d)
districts, 640(2)(a)–(b), 642
number of dwelling units,
640(2)(e)
non-conforming use of land and
buildings
additional buildings, prohibition,
643(4)
change of ownership or tenancy,
643(7)
changes to building or lot, 643(3)–
(5)
continuance of permit, 643(1)–(2)
extension of use, 643(3)–(4)
repair after damage or destruction,
643(6)
stop orders (See stop order)
notice required, 692(1)–(2)
number of dwelling units, 640(2)(e)
offences and penalties, 557(a.1)
permitted and discretionary uses,
642
public use land acquisition, 644
purpose of planning and
development, 617
regulations, 694
regulations for floodways
development, 693.1
requirement to pass land use bylaw,
639
stop order (See stop order)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

subdivision plans not compliant,
approvals, 654(2)
time to apply after previous refusal,
640(5)
land use districts. See districts
land use policies, 622
lease of capital property
borrowing definition, 241(a.1)(ii)
leave for councillors, parental and
maternity, 144.1, 174(2)
levies
bylaws, 649
community revitalization levy (See
community revitalization levy)
off-site levy (See off-site levy)
redevelopment levy (See area
redevelopment plans)
liability of board members
ARB members, 470(6), 484
business improvement area board
members, 52
MGB members, 508.1(6)
SDAB members, 628.1
liability of councillors, 249, 275, 535
defamation actions, 535(3)
enforcement, 249(4), 275(3)
good faith standard, 535(2)
jointly and severally liable for
unauthorized expenditures,
249(3), 275(2)
offences under the Act, 569
unauthorized expenditures,
borrowings, or grants,
174(1)(k), 249(1)–(3), 275
liability of municipal and provincial
assessors, 284.1(3), 284.2(3)
liability of municipalities, 527.2–534
discretionary exercise, 529
failure to repair roads, public places
and works, 532
actions by persons exercising
lawful powers, 532(5)
failure to perform duty, 532(2)
knew or should have known,
532(6)
loss or damage beyond others'
losses, 532(4)

52

notice of event to municipality
required, 532(9)–(10)
private roads or places, 532(3)
reasonable state of repair for area
of municipality, 532(1)
reasonable steps taken, 532(7)
traffic control device destruction
or removal, 532(8)
inspections and maintenance
damage, 530
non-negligence actions, 528
notice to municipality
of damage or injury from snow on
roads, 531(2)–(3)
of damage or injury re roads,
public places and public
works, 532(9)–(10)
private roads or places, 532(3)
public places, 532
public utility non-negligence actions,
528
public works, 532
public works affecting land, 534
appeals, 534(13)
compensation claims, 534(4)–(6)
compensation right, 534(3)
costs, 534(12), 534(15)(b)
disputes to Land Compensation
Board, 534(10)–(15)
injurious affection, definition,
534(1)
notice to public of right to
compensation, 534(2)
regulations, 534(15)
roads, 531–534
injury or damage due to failure to
repair, 532
non-negligence actions, 528
private road not under
municipality, 532(3)
snow on, with gross negligence,
531
things on or adjacent to roads,
damage caused by, 533
snow on roads or sidewalks, 531
statutory authority, acting with,
527.2
traffic control device, 532(8), 533(a)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

water control features nonnegligence actions, 528
liability of municipal officers, 535
defamation actions, 535(3)
good faith standard, 535(2)
municipal assessors, 284.2(3)
offences under the Act, 569
volunteers, 535
liability of regional services
commission directors, 602.25
liability of sporting commissions,
535.1
libraries
community services reserve for
facilities for, 671(2.1)(a)
off-site levy, 648(2.1)
taxation, 362(1)(j)
licences, permits or approvals
AER, AEUB, ERCB, NRCB or
AUC authorizations, 619
AEUB, ERCB, NRCB
authorizations, 488(1)(h)
assessments for property under
licence or permit (See assessed
person for assessed property)
business licence bylaw matters (See
business)
business licences, operating without,
557(a), 564
bylaw matters, 8(c)
duration, 8(c)(vi)
failure to comply, 8(c)(vi)
fees, 8(c)
non-resident fees, 8(c)(ii)
prohibitions until granted, 8(c)(iii)
revenue generation, 8(c)(i)
suspension or cancellation,
8(c)(vi)
terms and conditions, 8(c)(iv)–(vi)
development permits (See
development permit)
land abutting roads, licences or
permits, 21
licensed premises, taxation, 365,
370(d)
tax recovery for land under licence
or permit (See tax recovery
related to land)
53

licensed premises
property taxes, 365, 370(d)
liens
definitions, tax recovery lien,
436.01(i)
designated manufactured homes (See
tax recovery related to
designated manufactured
homes)
land transferred to municipality, 424
rural utilities liens removal after
public auction, 423(1)(f)–(h)
special liens
tax as, 348(d)
unpaid costs added to tax rolls,
553.1(2)(b), 553(2)(b)
unpaid taxes, 348(d)
Lieutenant Governor in Council
amalgamation of municipalities,
110–111, 138
annexation of land, 125–127
change of status of municipality,
137(2)–(3), 138
community revitalization levy
bylaw, 381.2(3–4)
development permits, 620
dissolution and liquidation of
municipality, 133, 137(2)–(3),
138
establishment of regional services
commission, 602.02
formation of municipality, 88–89,
137(2)–(3), 138
land transfers, 136
land use policies, 622
MGB referrals to, 488(1)(e), 514
mines and minerals, 71
name changes of municipalities, 98
planning and development
exemptions or terms and
conditions, 616(4)–(5),
618(4)–(5)
regulations, 31(2), 557(a.1), 603,
615.2(2), 694
tax exemptions, 351(1)(b)(ii)
transitional matters, 137(2)–(3)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

lighting
buildings, land use bylaw matters,
640(4)(i)
definitions including
linear property, 284(1)(k)(ii)
public utility, 1(1)(y)
street lighting (See street lighting
systems)
traffic lights liability, 532(8), 533(a)
light rail transit (LRT). See
transportation systems
limits on municipal powers, 71–75
limousines. See taxis and limousines
linear property. See also designated
industrial property
assessable or non-assessable
properties
linear property used for extended
area networks, 298(1)(cc),
298(3), 322(1)(c.1)
assessed person, 304(1)(i), 331
assessment guidelines,
322.1(1)(a)(i)(C)
assessment notices (See assessment
notices)
business tax exemptions, 376
definitions
in definition of designated
industrial property,
284(1)(f.01), 284(2.1)
linear property, 284(1)(k)
non-residential (class), 297(4)(b)
operational, 284(1)(o.1)
operator, 284(1)(p)
designated industrial property (See
designated industrial property)
improvements, 291(2)
non-assessable properties
extended area networks,
298(1)(cc), 298(3),
322(1)(c.1)
farming, 298(1)(q)
rural gas co-operative association,
with exceptions, 298(1)(r)
rural gas distribution system and
gas conveyance pipeline,
298(1)(r)–(r.1), 298(2)
as non-taxable property, 351(1)(a)
54

operator as assessed person,
304(1)(i)
requisitions
defined, 326(1)(a)
tax agreements with operators, 360
tax rates
regulations for calculations,
370(b)
well drilling equipment tax (See well
drilling equipment tax)
liquidation of a municipality. See
dissolution and liquidation of
municipality
listing and publishing of planning
and development policies, 638.2
loading and unloading facilities
development permit condition,
650(1)(d)(ii)
land use bylaw, 640(4)(f)
parking (See parking)
subdivision approval agreement,
655(1)(iv)
loan corporations
municipal accounts, 270
loans and guarantees, 264–268.1,
602.31
bylaw advertisements
guarantees, 266(3)
loans, 265(3)
debt limit (See debt limits)
financial records and receipts, 268.1
guarantees, 266
advertisement, 266(3)
bylaw contents, 266(2)
recipients, 266(1)
loans, 265
advertisements, 265(3)
bylaw contents, 265(2)
recipients, 265(1)
purpose and recipients, 264
controlled corporations,
264(1)(b)–(c)
non-profit organizations, 264(2)
as shareholder of designated gas
seller, 264(3)
validity of loans and guarantees, 273
local assessment review boards
appointment of members, 454.1
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

bylaw to establish, 454
chair, 454.1
definitions, 453(1)(f), 453(2)
hearings, 462–466
joint boards, 455, 456(2)
jurisdiction, 460.1(1)
liability of members, 484
notice of hearing, 462(1)
panels
decisions, 459, 467
in definition of assessment review
board, 453(2)
hearing of complaint, 454.11
number of members, 454.11
presiding officer, 454.11
quorum, 458
replacement of panel members,
457
proceedings, 464
remuneration, 454.1
term of office, 454.1
Local Authorities Board. See nontaxable properties
Local Authorities Election Act
(LAEA)
chief elected official (CEO), 147,
150(4)
conduct of vote, 237
councillor disclosure statements,
174(1)(b.1)
councillor elections, 147(1)
councillor term of office, 157, 158
definitions
elector definition, 1(1)(i)
nomination, 174(1)(a)–(b), 174(4)
dissolution of municipality, 130.2(1)
formation of municipality, 87(2)
improvement district elections,
588(4)
local authority, defined, 1(1)(m)
local improvement plan, 394–396
local improvement tax, 391–409
assessment for, 395(1)
bylaw for local improvement tax,
397–398
bylaw for municipality's share of
cost, 263, 405

55

bylaw variation by subdivision or
consolidation, 402
CAO role, 396(3), 396(3)–(4)
complaints to ARBs, 460(10)–(12)
(See also assessment review
boards (ARB))
consolidation of land, 402
Crown assistance, 403(1), 405(2)–
(3)
debt refinancing, 403(1)(b)
definitions
local improvement, 391
tax, 1(1)(aa)(vi)
delayed projects, 396(5)
estimated cost, 395
incomplete projects, 396(5)
land
abutting sewers or water mains,
407(1)
consolidation or subdivision of,
402
required for local improvement,
406
unusual parcels, 404
municipality's share of cost, 405
objecting to plan, 396(3)–(3.1)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(f)
persons liable for tax, 395(1)(b)(ii),
400
petition for local improvement, 392–
393
initiative by council or owners,
393
petitioners, 392(3)–(5)
sufficiency requirements, 392(2)–
(5)
petition objecting, 396(3)–(4),
408(2), 409(2)
plan, 394–396
plan in bylaw, 398
procedure after plan, 396
proposal, 393
replacement of similar
improvements, 407(2)
sewer or water connections, 407–
409

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

start-up of local improvement,
396(5), 399
subdivision of land, 402
tax exemptions, 397(3), 406–407
tax notices, 396(1)–(2)
tax notices generally (See tax
notices)
tax payments, 398(1)(b)
tax rate
in plan, 395(1)(c)
uniform tax rate, 398(1)(c), 398(2)
variation by council, 403
tax refunds, 401(2)
water or sewer connections, 409
long-term borrowing for capital
property. See capital property
lost or unclaimed property, 610
disposal, 610(2)
proceeds of sale to prior owner or
municipality, 610(4)–(5)
purchaser of, 610(3)
time for retention, 610(1)
LRT. See transportation systems
machinery and equipment
assessment
assessed person, 304(1)(b),
304(1)(g)
guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)(i)(D)
of machinery and equipment,
298(1)(z), 304(1)(g)
regulations on depreciation,
322(1)(f)
assessment class, 297
business taxes, 376
complaints (See assessment review
boards (ARB))
definitions
improvement includes machinery
and equipment, 284(1)(j)
machinery and equipment,
284(1)(l)
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
requisitions, 326(1)(a)
supplementary assessments, 314(1)
taxation, 351(1)(a)
tax in industrial improvement
districts, 594
56

tax rates, 354
well drilling equipment tax (See well
drilling equipment tax)
major plant. See also designated
industrial property
in definition of designated industrial
property, 284(1)(f.01)
Minister’s regulations for
designation, 322(6)–(8)
manufactured home
residence in summer village, 1(2.1)
manufactured home community
assessed person for assessed
property, 304(1)(j)–(k),
304(6)–(7), 331
assessment of home in, 304(1)(j)–
(k), 304(6)–(7)
definition, 284(1)(n)
designated manufactured homes (See
designated manufactured
homes)
owner to report to municipality,
436.24, 557(a.6)
tax recovery related to designated
manufactured homes (See tax
recovery related to designated
manufactured homes)
manufactured homes. See designated
manufactured homes
manufacturing or processing plants
and operations
assessment and taxation
improvements, 291(2)
manufacturing or processing,
298(1)(h), 298(2), 304(1)(h),
351(1)(a)
sewage systems, 298(1)(h),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
water systems, 298(1)(g),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
manure storage facilities
planning and development, 618.1
market value
definition, 1(1)(n)
marshy land. See also water, body of
land use bylaw, 640(4)(l)
maternity leave for councillors,
144.1, 174(2)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Matters Relating to Assessment and
Taxation Regulation
as guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)(i),
322.1(1)(b)(i)
maximum property tax ratio. See
property tax, maximum tax ratio
mayor. See chief elected official
(CEO)
mediation
annexation of land proposal, 112.1,
117(2), 118(1)(a.1)
before appeal of AER, AEUB,
ERCB, NRCB or AUC
authorizations, 619(5)
definitions, 112.1, 616(m.1)
intermunicipal disputes
Minister role, 570
unsuccessful mediation, 690(1),
690(3)
Medicine Hat airport regulations,
615.2(3)
meetings
advertisements, 606–606.1
regulations for definition of, 1(1.1)
meetings, council. See council
meetings
Member of the Legislative Assembly
definition of business excludes
offices of, 326(2)
mentally disabled persons'
institutions and hospitals
grants in place of taxes, 366(3)(e)
meter inspections, 544
Metis settlements
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(u),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
definition of regional services
commission municipal
authority includes, 602.01(1)(f)
intermunicipal service agreements,
54
notice of area structure plan,
636(1)(h)
notice of municipal development
plan, 636(1)(g)
planning and development, 618(2)(a)
MGB. See Municipal Government
Board (MGB)
57

microfiche documents, 214(1)
mill rate. See tax rates
mines and minerals
acquisitions of land outside
municipal boundaries, 72(2)(b)
assessed person, 304(1)(f), 331
assessment of minerals, 298(1)(v),
304(1)(h)
expropriation, 14(2)
land title exclusions
body of water, 60(2)
expropriated land, 14(3)
land for roads, culverts, ditches or
drains, 62(4)
municipal roads, 16(3), 18(3)
Lieutenant Governor in Council
approvals of municipal estates
or interests, 71
taxation of minerals, 351(1)(a)
tax recovery related to land
certificate of title corrections for
authorized mineral holdings,
431(3)–(4)
minerals acquisition by
municipality, 431
minerals as Crown property after
recovery of tax arrears, 430
Minister's consent for disposition
of, 431(2)
Minister
acquisitions of land outside
boundaries, consent, 72(1)(a)
amalgamation of municipalities (See
amalgamation of
municipalities)
annexation of land, 120, 126, 128
assessment information agreement
with municipality, 570.1(2)
assessment information to
municipality, 570.1
assessment preparation, 323
assessment quash, 324
bank account information to, 573
borrowing exemptions, 255
by-election to fill vacancies, 160,
166
council quorum, orders when no
quorum, 167–168
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

debt limit approvals, 252
definition, 1(1)(o)
delegation of powers, 578
development permit authorizations,
620
dismissals (See dismissal of council
or members or chief
administrative officer;
dismissal of regional services
commission)
dissolution of municipality, 130–133
emergency exemption for
municipalities, 615.1
equalized assessment adjustments,
325
equalized assessment preparation,
319
equalized assessment report to, 318
fees, 579
forestry roads fee disputes, 27.3(2)–
(3)
formation of municipality (See
formation of municipality)
growth management boards, 708.02,
708.18(1), 708.24
improvement districts, 587–589
information from municipalities on
request, 577(1)–(2)
information to MGB Board on
request, 524(2)
inquiry, 572
inspections, 571
intermunicipal disagreements, 570
investment approvals, 250
land transfers, order effects from
annexation, amalgamation,
dissolution or formation, 136
land use policies, 622
Municipal Government Board
referrals by, 514
name changes to municipalities, 98
official administrator appointment,
90, 574(5), 575(1)
operating budget shortfall,
243(1)(g), 244, 247, 248(3)
petitions, 219–220
privileged, 577(4)

58

regulations, 53, 73(2)–(4), 276(1)(b),
281(2)(b), 322–322.1, 370,
452, 578(2), 580, 615, 710
specialized municipalities formation
conditions, 83–84
time extensions, 605(2)
Minister of Education
determination of school board
purposes, 671(5–7)
notice of order for school board
purposes, 671(8)
Minister of Health and Wellness
sewer construction, 408(1)
Minister of Transportation
bylaw for road closure outside cities,
approval, 22(3)
bylaw for road reopenings after
Crown leases, copies, 27(3)
closure of unnecessary roads, 24
forestry road agreements, 27.6
former forestry road designations,
27.1(1)(b)
information to MGB Board on
request, 524(2)
Rocky Mountains Forest Reserve
roads, 19
specialized municipalities formed
from improvement district, 20
minutes of council meetings
adoption, 208(1)(a)
councillor attendance, 208(1)(a)
council votes and abstentions,
183(2), 185
public hearings, 208(1)(a), 230(6)
public members in closed meetings,
197(5)
safe keeping, 208(1)(b)
signatures, 213(1)
without note or comment, 208(1)(a)
misconduct
liability, 535
MLAs
definition of business excludes
offices of, 326(2)
mobile home
definition as designated
manufactured home,
284(1)(n.1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

residence in summer village, 1(2.1)
modular home
definition as designated
manufactured home,
284(1)(n.2)
residence in summer village, 1(2.1)
monuments
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(s),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
mosques
taxation, 362(1)(k)
municipalities
acquisitions of land (See acquisition
of land)
agreements (See intermunicipal
authorities and agreements)
amalgamation (See amalgamation of
municipalities)
banks and banking (See banks and
banking)
buildings (See buildings)
change of status (See change of
status of municipality)
community aggregate payment levy
(See community aggregate
payment levy)
community revitalization levy (See
community revitalization levy)
controlled corporations (See
controlled corporations)
council (See council)
councillors (See councillors)
definitions
as corporation, 4
municipality, 1(1)(s), 284(1)(o)
dissolution (See dissolution and
liquidation of municipality)
fees, tolls and charges, 8(c), 61(2),
630.1, 640(4)(q)
formation (See formation of
municipality)
Indian reserves not included, 2.1
inquiries, Ministerial, 572
inspections, 571
investments (See investments and
securities)
land (See land)

59

land use bylaws (See land use
bylaws)
land use policies, 622
liabilities of (See liability of
municipalities)
limits on powers, 71–75
municipal assessor (See municipal
assessor)
municipality's relationship to other
municipalities (See
intermunicipal authorities and
agreements)
name changes, 98–99
natural person powers (See natural
person powers)
planning and development (See
planning and development)
plans (See statutory plans)
powers and duties, 5–6
purposes, 3
reserve land (See reserve land)
statutory plans (See statutory plans)
subdivisions (See subdivisions and
subdivision approvals)
taxes and taxation (See taxes and
taxation)
votes and voting (See votes and
voting)
municipal and school reserve. See
also municipal reserve; school
reserve
bylaw designation of municipal land,
665
caveat for deferment, 669(2)–(7)
definitions
municipal and school reserve,
616(p)
reserve land, 616(z)
determination of school board
purposes, 671(5–7)
disposal of, 674–675
land acquisition for public use, 644
municipal development plans (See
municipal development plans)
notice of order for school board
purposes, 671(8)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

order effects from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution, or
formation, 135–137
removal of designation, 675
reserves generally (See reserve land)
subdivision plan cancellation,
658(3)–(5)
subdivision requirement
additional reserve land, 668
allocation of land and/or money,
670
calculations of money not land,
667
dedication by owner, 661
deferment of reserve, 669
requirement for dedication, 666
tax exemption based on use, 361
transfer from school board, 672
transfer to school board, 673
uses of land or money, 671(2)–(4)
municipal assessors. See also
assessors
access to information
confidentiality, 301(1)
municipal assessment record, 299–
300
provincial assessment record,
299.2, 300.1
appointment of, 284.2(1)
assessment notices
address unknown, 310(2)
amended, 309, 312
certification of date of sending,
310(4)–(5)
combined assessment and tax
notices, 308(4)
complaints, 309
contents, 309
deemed received, 311
errors and omissions, 312
notice to assessed persons, 308(1)
preparation, 308(1)
publication of notice, 311
time of sending, 310
definitions
in definition of assessor, 284(1)(d)
municipal assessment roll,
284(1)(n.3)
60

municipal assessor, 284(1)(n.4)
operational, 284(1)(o.1)
delegation of powers, 284(1)(d),
284.2(2)
duties
condition and valuation of
property, 289(2)
fair and equitable, 293(1)
information to Minister or
provincial assessor, 293(3)
properties assessed by provincial
and municipal assessors,
289(2.1)
properties in municipalities other
than designated industrial
property, 289(1)
regulations on, 322(1)(d.1)
similar properties, 293(2)
duty to provide information to, 295
complaints and required
information, 295(4), 295(6)
permits under Safety Codes Act,
295(2)–(3
report to Minister on request,
295(5)
liability, 284.2(3)
qualifications, 284.2(1)
supplementary assessments
assessment notice, 316.1
bylaw, 313
complaints, 316.1
designated manufactured homes,
313(2.1)
improvements, 314(2)–(4)
machinery and equipment, 314(1)
preparation of roll, 315
provincial assessor to provide
copies of designated
industrial property
assessments, 315(5), 316(2)
time to send, 316
municipal authority
definitions
municipal authority, 1(1)(p)
municipal authority for regional
services commission
purposes, 602.01(1)(f)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

municipal development plans, 632
ALSA regional plan conflicts, 622,
638.1, 690(5)
bylaw
correction, 692(6)
notice and public participation,
692(1)–(2)
bylaw establishing, 632(1)
conflicts or inconsistencies with
other plans, 638
conservation reserve, 632(3)(g)
consistency with other plans
ALSA regional plan conflicts,
622, 638.1, 690(5)
area structure plan, 633
intermunicipal development plan,
632
contents of plans
mandatory, 632(3)(a), 632(3)(d)–
(f)
optional, 632(3)(b)–(c), 632(3)(g)
effect of plans, 637
land adjacent to sour gas facilities,
632(3)(d)
listing and publishing of policies,
638.2
notice to adjacent Indian reserve or
Metis settlement, 636(1)(g)
population requirements, 632(2),
692(1)–(2)
preparation and amendments to, 636
public participation, 636(1), 692
reserve land policies, 632(3)(e),
632(3)(g)
statutory plans generally (See
statutory plans)
municipal district
assessment and taxation of Crown
land not in use, 298(1)(j),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
CEO appointment or election, 150–
151
change of status, 92, 97(1)
council, number of councillors, 143–
144
defined as municipality, 1(1)(s)(i)
exemption of designated Crown
land, 618(2)
61

formation, area and population
requirements, 78, 84
formation order contents, 88, 89(1)–
(2), 89(5)
ward system, 148–149
Municipal Emergency Exemption
Regulation, 603.1(4)
Municipal Government Board
(MGB), 485–527.1
annexation role (See annexation of
land)
appeals of assessments
designated industrial property (See
designated industrial
property)
equalized assessments (See
equalized assessments)
appeals of MGB decisions to Court
of Appeal, 688–689
intermunicipal dispute, 688(1)
land use bylaw amendment,
688(1)
off-site levy, 688(1), 694(4)
statutory plan, 619, 688(1)
subdivision authority, 678.2,
688(1)
assessment roll changes due to
decisions, 517
authorizations of AER, AEUB,
ERCB, NRCB or AUC, 619
contempt powers of Board, 521
costs and fees
appeal to Court of Appeal, 689(3)
costs of proceedings, 501–502
documents, fees for, 522
hearings and inquiries, fees for,
522
decisions of panel majority, 490
definitions
administrator, 485(a)
Board, 485(b)
Municipal Government Board,
1(1)(q)
panels, definition of Board
includes, 1(1)(q)
Deputy Minister as administrator,
485(a), 486(3)–(4)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

designated industrial property (See
designated industrial property)
equalized assessments (See
equalized assessments)
establishment and organization,
486–487
growth management boards, 708.18
growth management plans, 690(6.1)
hearings
absence from hearing, 495
confidentiality, 525.1
evidence, 525, 526
jurisdiction, 488(2)
notice to produce or attend, 497
oaths, 496
proceedings, 496
public hearings, 525.1
rehearing, 504
witnesses, 498
intermunicipal dispute appeals, 690–
691
judicial review, 508.1
confidentiality, 508.1(5)
filing and service, 508.1(1)
liability for costs, 508.1(6)
notice, 508.1(2)
record of proceedings, 508.1(4)
regulations, 527.1(j)
request for materials, 508.1(3)
transitional provisions, 137–138
jurisdiction, 488–488.1
annexations, 488(1)(f)
decisions of AER, AEUB, ERCB,
NRCB or AUC, 619(5)–(10)
designated industrial property,
488(1)(a) (See also
designated industrial
property)
equalized assessment appeals,
488(1)(a) (See also equalized
assessments)
equalized assessments, 488.1
intermunicipal disputes, 488(1)(j),
690–691
limits on, 488.1
management body disputes,
488(1)(d)

62

matters and duties assigned by
Lieutenant Governor in
Council or Minister,
488(1)(e)–(e.1)
off-site levy appeals, 488(1)(k),
648.1, 694(4)(d)
regional services commission
disputes, 488(1)(g), 602.15–
602.16
subdivision decision appeals,
488(1)(i), 678
land use policies consistency, 622
liability generally, 527
Lieutenant Governor in Council
referrals by, 488(1)(e)–(e.1), 514
linear property assessment
complaints (See linear
property)
Minister
information to Board on request,
524(2)
referrals by, 488(1)(e)–(e.1), 514
municipality
changes to assessment roll
required by decisions, 517
as complainant or intervenor in
hearings, 508
notice
of judicial review, 508.1(2)
panels, 487, 489–490, 527.1(1)
pecuniary interests, prohibition, 520
procedural rules, 523
proceedings, right to continue for
affected persons, 518
quorum, 489
referrals to the Board, 514–515
regional services commission
dispute appeals (See regional
services commission)
regulations, 527.1, 694(4)
remuneration and expenses, 486(2)
reports for inquiry, 515
right to request information from
authorities, 524(1)
subdivision appeals (See subdivision
appeals)
tax payment obligations, 519
technical irregularities, 507
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

time extensions, 503
use of published planning and
development policies, 638.2(3)
municipal growth management. See
growth management boards
municipality's relationship to other
municipalities. See
intermunicipal authorities and
agreements; intermunicipal
development plans
municipal office, 204
municipal officers' liability, 535
civil liability, 569
defamation actions, 535(3)
good faith standard, 535(2)
volunteers, 535(1)(b), 535(2)
municipal planning commission
ALSA regional plans, compliance
with, 622, 630.2
closed meetings, 1(3), 197
definition, 616(n)
as development authority (See
development authority)
establishment by bylaw, 626
intermunicipal planning commission
deemed as, 626(2)
land use policies consistency, 622
SDAB membership, prohibitions,
627(3)–(4)
subdivision authority membership,
623(2)
municipal public utilities. See public
utilities, municipal
municipal purposes, 1(1)(r), 3
municipal reserve
advertisement for disposal of, 674(1)
bylaw designation of municipal land,
665
caveat for deferment, 669(2)–(7)
definitions
municipal reserve, 616(o)
reserve land, 616(z)
disposal of, 674–675
land acquisition for public use, 644
municipal development plans (See
municipal development plans)

63

order effects from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution, or
formation, 135–137
removal of designation, 675
reserve land generally (See reserve
land)
subdivision plan cancellation,
658(3)–(5)
subdivision requirement
additional reserve land, 668
allocation of land and/or money,
670
calculations of money not land,
667
dedication by owner, 661
deferment of reserve, 669
requirement for dedication, 666
tax exemption based on use, 361
transfer from school board, 672
transfer to school board, 673
uses of land or money, 671(2)–(4)
museums,
grants in place of taxes, 366(3)(b)
names for municipalities
changes to, 98–99
formation order of municipality,
89(1)(c)
National Energy Board. See also
designated industrial property
in definition of designated industrial
property, 284(1)(f.01),
284(2.1)
natural gas. See gas utilities
natural person powers
council or CAO role, 202
definition, 1(1)(t)
municipalities and, 6
municipality's relationship to, 11
offences and penalties re natural
person bylaws, 11(2)
regional services commission,
602.10
relationship to bylaw passing
powers, 10(1)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Natural Resources Conservation
Board (NRCB). See also Alberta
Energy and Utilities Board
(AEUB)
appeals of MGB decisions to Court
of Appeal, 688–689 (See also
Court of Appeal)
appeals to MGB on planning and
development applications,
488(1)(h), 488(3), 619(5)–(10)
land development environmental or
physical limitations,
regulations, 694(5.1)–(5.4)
planning and development
applications, 619(1)–(4)
negligence
liability of councillors and others,
535
liability of municipality, 527.1–532
networks, extended area. See
extended area network
Newell Regional Services Corporation
Regulation, 603.1(3.1)
New Home Buyer Protection Act,
423(1)(e.1)
newspapers. See advertisements
NEW water Ltd. Regulation,
603.1(3.1)
non-assessable properties, with
exceptions and conditions, 298
airports (See airports)
basins, 298(1)(d)
body of water, 298(1)(d)
breakwaters, 298(1)(d)
cairns, 298(1)(s)
canals, 298(1)(d)
conservation lands, with exceptions,
298(1)(l)
crawler type shovels, 298(1)(p)
cribs, 298(1)(d)
crops still growing, 298(1)(w)
Crown
land not in use, with exceptions,
298(1)(j)
road right of way not used as road,
as exception, 298(1)(i)
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a)
64

specialized municipalities,
298(1)(j)
water systems, 298(1)(b)
dams and dam site land, 298(1)(d),
298(1)(f)
dams and dam sites for water
conservation or flood control,
with exceptions, 298(1)(d)–(f)
designated manufactured homes in
storage, 298(1)(aa)
dikes, 298(1)(d)
ditches, 298(1)(d)
dozers, 298(1)(p)
drainage and sewage, 298(1)(a)
embankments, 298(1)(d)
farms
farm buildings, with exceptions,
298(1)(y)
growing crops, 298(1)(w)
linear property for farming,
298(1)(q)
forestry towers, with conditions,
298(1)(m)
hoes, 298(1)(p)
Indian reserves, property, 298(1)(t)
inspection stations, 298(1)(i.1)
irrigation works and land held by
irrigation district, with
exceptions, 298(1)(c)
linear property
for extended area network used for
SuperNet, 298(1)(cc),
298(3), 322(1)(c.1)
for farming, 298(1)(q)
as part of rural gas distribution
systems, with exceptions and
conditions, 298(1)(r)–(r.1)
machinery and equipment, with
exceptions, 298(1)(z)
manufacturing or processing plants
and operations
sewage systems, with exceptions,
298(1)(h)
water systems, with exceptions,
298(1)(g)
Metis settlements, 298(1)(u)
mines and minerals, 298(1)(v)
monuments, 298(1)(s)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

municipal
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a)
water systems, 298(1)(b)
parks or recreation areas, with
exceptions, 298(1)(k–k.1)
reclamation lands, with exceptions,
298(1)(l)
recreational lands, with exceptions,
298(1)(k–k.1)
reforestation lands, with exceptions,
298(1)(l)
regional services commission
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a)
water systems, 298(1)(b)
rehabilitation lands, with exceptions,
298(1)(l)
reservoirs, 298(1)(d)
roads
right of way not used as road, as
exception, 298(1)(i)
road maintenance improvements,
298(1)(i.1)
roads, with exceptions, 298(1)(i)
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a)
stock grazing interests, 298(1)(o)
street lighting systems, as exception,
298(1)(i.1)
timber harvest and cut, 298(1)(n)
travel trailers not connected or
attached, 298(1)(bb)
water, body of, 298(1)(d)
water systems
Crown, municipality or regional
services commission,
298(1)(b)
manufacturing or processing
plants and operations, with
exceptions, 298(1)(g)
systems owned by individual or
corporation, 298(1)(b.1)
transmission of natural resource,
as exception, 298(1)(g)(iv)
water supply plants for fire
protection, as exception,
298(1)(g)(ii)
65

water treatment plants, with
exceptions, 298(1)(g)
weigh scales, 298(1)(i.1)
weirs, 298(1)(d)
wheel loaders, 298(1)(p)
wheel trucks and haulers, 298(1)(p)
non-conforming municipality
definition, 358.1(1)(a)
non-conforming use of land and
buildings, 643. See also land use
bylaws
non-negligence actions, 528. See also
liability of municipalities
non-profit, defined, 616(r.1)
non-profit organizations
community services reserves for
facilities for, 671(2.1)(c)–(e)
definitions
non-profit, 616(r.1)
non-profit organizations, 241(f)
municipalities acquiring shares or
holding membership in, 250(5)
municipal loans and guarantees,
264(2)
property tax non-taxable properties
and taxation, by regulations,
tax exempt non-profit
properties, 370(c)
tax agreements (See tax agreements)
tax exemptions (See property tax,
exempt non-profit properties)
non-residential property
assessment classes, 297
assessment classes definition (See
assessment classes)
tax rates, 354
non-residents
fees for licences, permits or
approvals, 8(c)(ii)
non-taxable properties
business tax (See business tax
exemptions)
with exceptions, 351
non-assessable properties (See
non-assessable properties,
with exceptions and
conditions)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

by order of Lieutenant Governor
in Council, 351(1)(b)(ii)
by private Act, 351(1)(b)(i)
tax exempt organizations'
properties, can be taxed
under bylaw (See property
tax, exempt organizations'
properties that can be made
taxable)
exceptions taxable under bylaw
bylaws cancelling an exemption
any property or business, 351(2)
coming into effect, 351(4)
copy to Minister, 351(5)
notice to affected persons,
351(3)
by order of Local Authorities
Board, 351(1)(b)(ii)
by private Act, 351(1)(b)(i)
local improvement tax (See local
improvement tax)
taxable properties exempt by bylaw
(See property tax, taxable
properties, can be made
exempt under bylaw)
tax exempt non-profit properties
(See property tax, exempt nonprofit properties)
tax exempt properties (See property
tax, exempt properties)
notes
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
NRCB. See Natural Resources
Conservation Board (NRCB)
nuisances
bylaw matters, 7(c)
number of councillors for
municipalities, 143–144, 148–
149
nursing home properties
exemption from taxation, 362(1)(h)
oaths
proceedings before council or
council committee, 200
66

proceedings before Municipal
Government Board (MGB),
496
taking of oaths by municipal
officials, 156
Oaths of Office Act
prescription of oath, 156
offences and penalties, 7, 557–569
bylaw matters, 7(i)
CAO offences, 557, 557(a), 558
civil liability not affected, 569
designated officer, 557, 557(a), 558
fines
as amounts owing to municipality,
568
imprisonment and, 566(1)
order for compliance in addition,
567
forms for bylaw enforcement, 560
general offences as contravention or
non-compliance with
decision of MGB, 557(a.5)
decision of subdivision
development appeal board,
557(a.5)
designated manufactured home
community report to
municipality, 557(a.6)
designated manufactured home tax
recovery, 557(d)
development permit or condition,
557(a.4)
land use bylaws, 557(a.2)
Minister's direction or order,
557(b)
order for compliance, 557(c)
order for emergency remedies,
557(c)
order to remedy contraventions,
557(c)
order to remedy dangers and
unsightly property, 557(c)
planning and development,
557(a.1)
stop order, 557(a.3)
subdivision approval or condition,
557(a.4)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

growth management board not
provided with information,
708.17
heraldic emblem unauthorized use,
557(a), 559
imprisonment maximum, 566(1)
obstructing construction of public
works, 557(a), 562
officials, 557(a), 558
prosecutions, time limit, 565
public utilities and works,
obstructing construction,
557(a), 562–563
stop-cock, 29, 557(a), 563
office
place for municipal, 204
term of office, 157, 158
official administrator
appointment by Minister
after amalgamation of
municipalities, 112
after dismissal, 574(4)–(5)
at any time, 575(1)
formation of municipality before
first council, 90
enforcement by Minister where
municipality under
supervision, 575.2
no quorum, orders, 168(2)
notice of Minister’s intended order,
575.2(2)
powers and duties
after dismissal of others, 574(6)
on appointment, 575(2)
of council, 90, 112, 574(6), 575
remuneration, 574(4), 576
reports, 575.1
off-site levy, 648–649
accounts, separate, 648(5)
appeal to MGB, 488(1)(k), 648.1,
694(4)(d)
bylaw, 648(1), 648(4)–(4.1), 648(6),
649
collection, 648(4.1)
fees or other charges, 648(8)–(9)
intermunicipal off-site levy, 648.01,
694(4)(f)

67

not school building projects,
648(1.1)
oversize improvement agreements,
648, 651
payment as development permit
condition, 650(1)(e)
payment as subdivision approval
condition, 655(1)(iv)
purposes, 648(2)–(2.2)
regulations, 694(4)
oil and gas
assessed person
drillings or wells under lease,
licence or permit, 304(1)(f),
331
oil sands machinery and
equipment, 304(1)(g), 331
assessment and taxation (See linear
property)
well drilling equipment tax (See well
drilling equipment tax)
Oil and Gas Conservation Act
definitions
exemption of well and battery
from Part 17, 618(1)(b)
well drilling equipment tax for wells
requiring licence, 388(2)
operating budgets, 242–244
adoption by council, 242(1), 247
annual budgets
accounting standards, 241(a)
adoption of, 248.1
definition of, 241(a.02)
contents, 243
expenditure and transfer estimates,
243(1)
capital budget transfers, 243(1)(f)
debt obligations for capital
property improvements,
243(1)(b)
financial shortfall, 243(1)(g)
growth management board
obligations, 243(1)(b.1)
policies and programs, 243(1)(a)
public utility depletion allowance
or depreciation, 243(1)(d)
requisitions under enactments,
243(1)(c)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

reserve transfers, 243(1)(e)
expenditure authorizations, 248
financial shortfall, 243(1)(g), 244,
247, 248(3)
interim budget
expenditure authorization in
budget, 248(1)(a)
period and validity, 242(2)–(3)
Minister powers
financial shortfall, 243(1)(g), 244,
247, 248(3)
regional services commission (See
regional services commission)
regulations, 243(4)
revenue and transfer estimates,
243(2)–(3.1)
amortization, 243(3.1)
business improvement area tax,
243(2)(c)
business tax, 243(2)(b)
community aggregate payment
levy, 243(2)(f.1)
community revitalization levy,
243(2)(c.1)
grants, 243(2)(g)
local improvement tax, 243(2)(f)
other sources, 243(2)(i)
property tax, 243(2)(a)
special tax, 243(2)(d)
surplus fund or reserve transfers,
243(2)(h)
tangible capital assets, 243(3.1)
well drilling equipment tax,
243(2)(e)
use of capital property borrowing for
operating purposes, 253(2)
organizational meetings of council.
See council meetings
orientation training for councillors,
201.1. See also councillors
oversize improvement agreements,
651
definitions
excess capacity, 651(5)(a)
improvement, 651(5)(b)
improvements
access road, 650(1)(a),
651(5)(b)(ii), 655(1)(b)
68

parking and loading facilities,
650(1)(d), 651(5)(b)(ii),
655(1)(b)(iv)
pedestrian walkway systems,
650(1)(b), 651(5)(b)(ii),
655(1)(b)(ii)
public utilities, 648(2), 650(1)(c),
650(4), 651(5)(b)(i),
655(1)(b)(ii)
roads for subdivision or
development, 648(2)(c.1),
648(7)
sewage and drainage systems,
648(2), 651(5)(b)(i)
water systems, 648(2)(a),
651(5)(b)(i)
subdivision or development permit
approval
construction and payment, time
for, 651(1)
costs and reimbursements, 651(2)–
(4)
parcel of land
definition, 1(1)(v), 616(s)
parental leave for councillors, 144.1,
174(2)
parking
business improvement areas
purpose, 50(b)
development permit condition,
650(1)(d)(i)
land use bylaw, 640(4)(f)
loading (See loading and unloading
facilities)
oversize improvement agreements,
650(1)(d), 651(5)(b)(ii),
655(1)(b)(iv)
religious properties taxation
exemption, 362(1)(k)
subdivision approval condition,
655(1)(iv)
parks and recreation
area redevelopment plans, 635(a)(iv)
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(k–
k.1), 304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
definitions
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

community recreation facilities,
616(a.11)
disposal of parks and recreational
land, 674–675 (See also
reserve land)
land acquisition, 644
recreational services special tax,
382(1)(l)
redevelopment levy (See area
redevelopment plans)
reserve land or money used for, 671
taxation of non-profit recreation
organizations, 362(1)(n)(ii)
Parks Towns Act
council definition under, 1(1)(e)(iii)
inconsistencies between Acts, 2(2)
municipality defined under,
1(1)(s)(iii)
participating municipality. See also
growth management boards
definition, 708.01(1)(e)
pavement markings
liability for damage by, 533(a)
paving
special tax, 382(1)(e)
Payments in Lieu of Taxes Act
(Canada), 317(c)
Peace Regional Waste Management
Company Regulation, 603.1(3.1)
pecuniary interests, 169–173
assessment review boards
prohibition, 480
councillors, 169–173
abstentions on council, 172(1),
172(5)
disclosure statement, 171
disclosure to council, 172
disqualification and damages,
174(1)(g)–(i), 176(2)
effects on agreements, 173
matters with interest, 170(2)
matters with no interest, 170(3)
definitions
corporation, 169(a)
councillor's family, 169(b)
director, 169(a)
distributing corporation, 169(a)
officer, 169(a)
69

pecuniary interest, 1(1)(w)
shareholder, 169(a)
spouse, 169(c)
voting rights, 169(a)
voting shares, 169(a)
MGB prohibition, 520
pedestrian walkway systems
development permit condition,
650(1)(b)
oversize improvement agreements,
655(1)(b)(ii)
subdivision approval condition,
655(1)(ii)
penalties. See offences and penalties
penstocks
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(e),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
permits. See development permit;
licences, permits or approvals
personal information. See Freedom
of Information and Protection of
Privacy Act (FOIP); records and
documents
Personal Property Registry
costs determined by MGB, 502
definitions, Registry, in relation to
designated manufactured
home, 436.01(d)
Personal Property Security Act
definitions include
financing change statement,
436.01(a)
financing statement, 436.01(b)
register, 436.01(c)
security interest, 436.01(f)
unencumbered ownership of
designated manufactured home
sold at public auction, 436.14
person liable for tax, 331
petitions, 219–226.2, 231–235
application of Act, 219
bylaws modifying petition
requirements, 219, 226.1
confidentiality, 226.2
contents, 224
affidavit for signature, 224(3)–
(3.1)
confidentiality statement, 226.2(3)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

date signed, 224(2)(d)
e-mail address, 224(2)(c.1)
petitioners' representative, 224(4)
printed names, 224(2)(a)
purpose statement, 224(1)
signatures, 224(2)(b), 224(3)
street address, 224(2)(c)
telephone number, 224(2)(c.1)
witness to signature, 224(3)
council duties, 233–235
counting petitioners, 223, 225
adding and removing after filing,
prohibition, 225(2)
address error or omission,
225(3)(d)
date incorrect, 225(3)(e)
date signed too early, 225(3)(g)
name error or omission, 225(3)(c)
population percentage, 223(2)
purpose statement not same,
225(3)(b)
random sampling of large
petitions, 225(4)
signature not witnessed, 225(3)(a)
signature witnessed but without
affidavit attached,
225(3)(a.1)
summer village, 223(2)
disclosure and use of personal
information, 226.2
errors and omissions, 225(3)
filing with CAO, 225(1)–(2)
formation of a municipality, 85(1)(b)
inspection, 571
local improvement tax, 392–393,
396(3)–(4), 408(2), 409(2)
Minister, 219–220, 571
petitioners' representative, 224(4)
sufficiency report by CAO, 225(1),
226
sufficiency requirements, 221–226.1
summer village, 130(2)(b),
223(2)(b), 571
viability review, 130(2)(b)
votes and voting, 238–239
who can petition, 222
pipe connections. See public utilities,
municipal
70

pipelines
included in definition of linear
property, 284(1)(k)(iv)
as linear property (See linear
property)
planning and development
exemption, 618(1)(c)
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
on reserve land, 677
Planning Act
definition, 616(t)
planning and development
AER, AEUB, ERCB, NRCB or
AUC authorizations, 619
ALSA regional plans, compliance
with, 622, 630.2
appeal boards, 627–630
authorities, 623–626
buildings (See buildings)
bylaws binding, 618.2
bylaws for planning, requirements,
692
Canmore Undermining Review
Regulation, 694(5.5)–(5.7)
confined feeding operation or
manure storage, exemption for,
618.1
definitions
agricultural operation, 616(a)
building, 616(a.1)
community recreation facilities,
616(a.11)
conservation reserve, 616(a.3)
development, 616(b)
development authority, 616(c)
development permit, 616(d)
environmental reserve, 616(e)
environmental reserve easement,
616(f)
former Act, 616(g)
highway, 616(h)
instrument, 616(i)
intermunicipal service agency,
616(j)
land use bylaw, 616(k)
land use policies, 616(l)
lot, 616(m)
mediation, 616(m.1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

municipal planning commission,
616(n)
non-conforming building, 616(q)
non-conforming use, 616(r)
parcel of land, 1(1)(v), 616(s)
Planning Act, 616(t)
plan of subdivision, 616(u)
public utility, 1(1)(y), 616(v)
public utility lot, 616(w)
redevelopment area, 616(x)
Registrar, 616(y)
reserve land, 616(z)
road, 616(aa)
school authority, 616(bb)
statutory plan, 616(dd)
subdivision, 616(ee)
subdivision and development
appeal board, 616(gg)
subdivision and development
regulations, 616(hh)
subdivision authority, 616(ff)
development appeals (See
development appeals)
development authority (See
development authority)
development permits (See
development permit)
fees, 630.1
intermunicipal development plans
(See intermunicipal
development plans)
intermunicipal planning commission
(See intermunicipal planning
commission)
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board (See
intermunicipal subdivision and
development appeal board)
land (See land)
land use bylaws (See land use
bylaws)
Lieutenant Governor in Council
exemptions or terms and
conditions, 618(4)–(5)
listing and publishing of policies,
638.2

71

municipal planning commission (See
municipal planning
commission)
non-application of Act, 618
non-conforming land or buildings
(See land use bylaws)
offences and penalties, 557(a.1) (See
also offences and penalties)
purpose statement, 617
regulations, 694
statutory plans (See statutory plans)
subdivisions (See subdivisions and
subdivision approvals)
website information on, 638.2
plan of subdivision
definition, 616(u)
police stations
community services reserves for,
671(2.1)(b)
off-site levy, 648(2.1)
policies, planning and development
listing on municipal websites, 638.2
policies, publishing on municipal
websites, 638.2. See also
advertisements; electronic
communications and records
population
census, 57, 604(b)
definition, 1(1)(x)
formation of municipality
requirements, 78–82
municipal development plans
requirements, 632(2)
regulations defining, 604(a)–(b)
privacy. See confidentiality
private Acts
tax exemptions, 351
private schools and colleges
taxation
school property, 362(1)(c)(ii)
student dormitory definition,
326(1)(b)
taxation of student dormitories,
363(1)(d), 363(3)
Proceedings Before the Board
Clarification Regulation,
603.1(4)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

processing plants. See manufacturing
or processing plants and
operations
property, unclaimed. See Unclaimed
Personal Property and Vested
Property Act
property taxes
Alberta School Foundation Fund
(See Alberta School
Foundation Fund (ASFF))
assessable and non-assessable
properties (See non-assessable
properties, with exceptions and
conditions)
bylaws, property taxes, 353–354
changes in taxable status of property,
368
complaints (See assessment review
boards (ARB))
definition of property tax, 1(1)(aa)(i)
designated manufactured homes (See
designated manufactured
homes)
dissolution of municipality,
outstanding liabilities, 134
exemptions (See non-assessable
properties, with exceptions and
conditions)
grants in place of taxes, 366
licensed premises, tax status, 365(1)
linear property (See linear property)
maximum tax ratio (See property
tax, maximum tax ratio)
operating budget revenue estimate,
243(2)(a)
partly exempt and partly taxable
property, 367
pre-condition to pass tax bylaws,
247
proceedings, limitation on time to
start action, 352
proration of taxes, 368(3)
regulations, 370
requisitions for other taxes (See
requisitions)
requisitions for schools (See schools,
school boards and school
authorities)
72

subdivision approvals, 654(1)(d)
supplementary property tax (See
supplementary property tax)
taxable properties, can be made
exempt under bylaw (See
property tax, taxable
properties, can be made
exempt under bylaw)
tax agreements (See tax agreements)
tax exemption based on use, 361
tax exempt non-profit properties
(See property tax, exempt nonprofit properties)
tax exempt organizations' properties,
can be taxed under bylaw (See
property tax, exempt
organizations' properties that
can be made taxable)
tax notices (See tax notices)
tax rates (See tax rates)
tax recovery (See tax recovery
related to land)
tax roll, amounts owing added to,
553.1
tax status change, 368
uncollected taxes and tax allowance,
359(2)
use or occupancy changes, 368(1)–
(2)
property tax, exempt non-profit
properties, 362(1)(n), 362(2)–
(4)
bylaw for change of status for tax
exemptions, 362(2)–(4)
effective date, 362(4)
notice to persons affected, 362(3)
properties, 362(2)
definitions
non-profit, 616(r.1)
licensed premises, tax status, 365(1)
non-profit organizations
for community games, sports,
athletics or recreation,
362(1)(n)(ii), 362(2)
holding property on behalf of
municipality, 362(1)(n)(i),
362(2)
property generally, 364(1)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

providing senior citizens lodge
accommodations,
362(1)(n)(iv), 362(2)
property tax, exempt organizations'
properties that can be made
taxable, 363
bylaw for change of status for tax
exemptions, 363, 363(2)–(5)
effective date, 363(5)
notice to persons affected, 363(5)
properties, 363(2)
dormitories for students, 363(1)(d),
363(3)
organizations
armed forces, veterans, former
allied forces, 363(1)(c)
Ducks Unlimited (Canada),
363(1)(a)
hostelling associations, 363(1)(b)
property tax, exempt properties,
361–362
based on use
reserve lands and public utilities,
361(c)
residences and farm buildings,
under regulations, 361(b)
exceptions to exemptions
electric power system,
362(1)(b)(iii), 362.1
municipal property earning
revenue, 362(1)(b)(i)–(ii)
municipal seed cleaning plant
land, 362(1)(p)
natural gas or propane system,
with conditions, 362(1)(b)(v)
telecommunications system,
362(1)(b)(iv)
exemptions for Government,
churches and other bodies'
properties
cemeteries and burial sites,
362(1)(l)
Crown properties held by charities
for benevolent uses,
362(1)(n)(iii)
Crown property, 362(1)(a)
educational property with
exceptions, 362(1)(d)
73

health region properties,
362(1)(g.1)
hospital property with exceptions,
362(1)(e)
library properties, 362(1)(j)
municipal airports, 362(1)(o)
municipal property with
exceptions, 362(1)(b)
municipal seed cleaning plants,
with exceptions, 362(1)(p)
non-profit organization properties
held by charities for
benevolent uses,
362(1)(n)(iii)
non-profit organization properties
held by charities for seniors
lodges, 362(1)(n)(iv)
nursing home properties,
362(1)(h)
regional services commission
property, 362(1)(f)
religious properties, 362(1)(k)
school property with exceptions,
362(1)(c)
senior citizens lodge
accommodations, 362(1)(m)
property tax, maximum tax ratio
annexation of land, 358.1(6)
bylaws, 358.1(3)
calculations, 358.1(3)–(5), 358.1(7)
definitions
non-conforming municipality,
358.1(1)(a)
non-residential, 358.1(1)(b)
tax ratio, 358.1(1)(c)
maximum ratio, 358.1(2)
non-conforming municipalities,
358.1(1)(a), 358.1(2)–(5)
property tax, regulations to define
other tax exempt properties,
370
community association definitions,
370(e)
licences for licensed premises,
370(d)
linear property tax rate, 370(b)
residences and farm buildings,
370(a)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

tax exempt non-profit properties,
370(c)
property tax, taxable properties, can
be made exempt under bylaw,
364
council's discretion, 364(2)
machinery and equipment, 364(1.1)
prosecutions. See offences and
penalties
provincial assessors. See also
assessors
access to information by assessed
person
confidentiality, 301(2)
provincial assessment record,
299.1, 300.1
assessment notices for designated
industrial property
address of assessed person, 304(3)
address unknown, 310(2)
amended, 309, 312
certification of date of sending,
310(4)–(5)
combined assessment and tax
notices, 308(4)
complaints, 309
contents, 309
copies to municipality, 308(2)
deemed received, 311
errors and omissions, 312
notices to assessed persons, 308(2)
preparation, 308(2)
publication of notice, 311
time of sending, 310
assessment roll for designated
industrial property
assessed person, 303.1(c), 304(3)
class or classes, 303.1(e)
contents, 303.1
correction, 305, 517
MGB decisions, 517
public or separate school
assessments, 303.1(g)
time of preparation, 302
Court authorized inspection and
enforcement, 296
definitions
in definition of assessor, 284(1)(d)
74

operational, 284(1)(o.1)
provincial assessment roll,
284(1)(r.1)
provincial assessor, 284(1)(r.2)
requisition, 326(1)(a)(vi)
delegation of powers, 284.1(2),
284(1)(d)
designated by Minister, 284.1(1)
designated industrial property
assessments, 292 (See also
designated industrial property)
duties of, 293, 322(1)(d.1)
duty to provide information to, 295
complaints and required
information, 295(4), 295(6)
permits under Safety Codes Act,
295(2)–(3
report to Minister on request,
295(5)
information from municipal
assessor, 293(1)
liability, 284.1(3)
properties assessed by both
provincial and municipal
assessors, 289(2.1)
supplementary assessments
assessment notices, 316.1
complaints, 316.1
operational periods, 314.1
preparation of roll, 315
provincial assessors to provide
copies to municipalities,
315(5), 316(2)
supplementary assessment roll,
315
time to send, 316
valuation standards, 314.1
Provincial Court, Judge of
enforcement of public utility meter
inspection, 544
Provincial Offences Procedure Act
reduction of penalties for early
payment, 7(i)(iv)
PUB (Public Utilities Board). See
Public Utilities Board (PUB)
public auction for tax recovery not
related to land. See tax recovery
not related to land
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

public auction for tax recovery
related to designated
manufactured homes. See tax
recovery related to designated
manufactured homes
public auction for tax recovery
related to land. See tax recovery
related to land
public colleges
student dormitory definition,
326(1)(b)
taxation
school property, 362(1)(d)(i)
students' association property, not
dormitories, 362(1)(d)(iv)
taxation of student dormitories,
363(1)(d), 363(3)
public hearings. See hearings
public hearings of council. See
council meetings
Public Highways Development Act
forestry road agreements, 27.6
former forestry road definition,
27.1(1)(b)
Public Inquiries Act
inquiry, person conducting, 572(5)
regional services commission
inspectors' powers, 602.35(3)
Public Lands Act
planning and development on Crown
land, 618(3)
subdivision appeals in Green Area,
678(2)
public participation policy for
council, 216.1
public places
jurisdiction to pass a bylaw, 7(b)
liability of municipalities, 532
public road
road definition, 1(1)(z)
roads (See roads)
Public Service Act
improvement districts
administration, 591
public services facilities. See also
community services reserve
community services reserves for,
671(2.1)(f)
75

public transportation. See
transportation systems
public utilities, municipal, 28–47.1
annexation of land, order effects,
127.1
appeal of service charge to
consumer, 43
approvals and authorizations
required, 32
area redevelopment plans, 634–635
building connections, including
pipes, wires or things, 29
building installations over multiple
units, 40
bylaw designation of municipal land,
665
bylaw matters, 7(g)
Calgary Charter for Glenmore Dam,
613
construction, obstructing, 557(a),
562
costs
service charges by owner or
occupant, 42
service connection costs added to
tax roll; special lien,
553(1)(a)–(b), 553(2)
service connections, 35(3)–(4),
36(3)–(4), 39
definitions
Balancing Pool, 30(4)
consumer, 31(1)(a)
customer, 28(a)
direct sales agreement, 30(4)
direct seller, 31(1)(b)
distribution tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
distributor, 31(1)(c)
easement, 28(a.1)
generation asset, 30(4)
municipal public utility, 28(b)
municipal tariff matter, 28.1(1)(a)
municipal utility service, 28(c)
non-municipal public utility, 28(d)
power purchase arrangement,
30(4)
public utility, 1(1)(y),
602.01(1)(g), 616(v)
public utility lot, 616(w)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

regulated rate tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
retailer, 28(d.1)
service connection, 28(e)
subsidiary, 28.1(1)(b)
transmission tariff, 28.1(1)(b)
urban gas system, 31(1)(d)
urban municipality, 31(1)(e)
utility agreement, 127.1(1)
utility service, 28(f)
deposits unclaimed, 611
development permit condition,
650(1), 650(1)(c), 650(4)
discontinuance of service, 41
disputes with regional services
commission, 602.14
EPCOR, 47.1
expropriation of land by regional
services commission,
602.13(1)
gas supplies (See gas utilities)
land adjacent to utility, duty to
supply, 34
land dedication for, 361(c), 661–662
liability for service charges, 42
liability of municipalities, nonnegligence actions, 528
long-term supply agreements, order
effects from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution or
formation, 135(5)
long-term supply agreements with
municipalities, 30
meter inspections, 544
non-municipal (See public utilities,
non-municipal)
notice
discontinuance of service, 41(a)
termination of agreement with
non-municipal utilities,
47(1)–(2)
offences and penalties, 557
operating budget to include
depletion allowance or
depreciation, 243(1)(d)
property tax agreements (See tax
agreements)
Public Utilities Board (See Public
Utilities Board (PUB))
76

regional services commission
relationship (See regional
services commission)
right of entry for main line service
connections, 36(2), 37(3),
38(2)
same or similar public utilities
prohibited, 33–33.1
service agreements, order effects
from amalgamation,
annexation, dissolution or
formation, 135(5)
service charges for, 42–43
service connections from main lines
costs, 35(3), 36(3)–(4), 39
municipal responsibilities, 35–39
owner responsibilities, 37
restoration, 36(3)–(4), 39
restoration and costs, 553(1)(a),
553(2)
service to land adjacent to utility, 34
stop-cock, 29, 557(a), 563
subdivision approval agreement,
655(1)(b)(iii), 655(1)(ii),
655(4)
water systems (See water systems)
public utilities, non-municipal, 45–
47.1
agreements, 45, 47
agreements, exceptions, 45.1
bylaw to prohibit same or similar
services, 46–46.1
disputes re municipality's purchase
of non-municipal utilities,
47(2)–(4)
notice of termination of agreement,
47(1)
Public Utilities Board, 45(3)(b), 47
right to provide utility service, 45
right to purchase non-municipal
utilities, 47(2)–(4)
right to use municipal property,
45(2)
Public Utilities Act
dispute between municipalities re
service charges, 44(3)
EPCOR excluded from Part 2 of
Act, 47.1(2)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

Public Utilities Board (PUB)
agreement approvals, 30, 45(3)–(4)
public vote bylaws, 234–235
amendment or repeal, 240
definitions, public vote bylaw,
234(1)
petition for amendment or repeal,
234
result of vote on question, 235
public works
growth management plans,
compliance with, 708.12–
708.13
liability, 532, 534
publishing of planning and
development policies on
municipal websites, 638.2. See
also advertisements; electronic
communications and records
purposes of municipalities, 3
purposes of planning and
development, 617
railways
assessed person for railway land
under lease, licence or permit,
304(1)(d)–(d.1), 331
assessment of property
guidelines, 322.1(1)(a)(i)(E)
right of way used for other
purposes, 290(2)
definitions
included in definition of linear
property, 284(1)(k)(v)
transportation service, 602.01(1)(i)
as linear property (See linear
property)
regulations to define, 322(1)(b)
rent collections for tax arrears,
416(2.1)
ranches. See farms and farming
ratio, maximum property tax. See
property tax, maximum tax ratio
readings of bylaws, 187–189
real estate leaseholds and mortgages
defined as securities, 250(1)
securities (See investments and
securities)
77

reclamation lands
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(l),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
records and documents
assessment records (See assessment
of property; assessors)
auditors' information access, 283
(See also auditors and audits)
bank account statements to Minister,
573
CAO duties (See chief
administrative officer duties)
certificate of advertising, 606(7)–(8)
certified copies, 612
commissions (See intermunicipal
planning commission;
municipal planning
commission; regional services
commission)
confidentiality (See confidentiality)
corporate seal, 272
destruction of records, 214
electronic communications and
records (See electronic
communications and records)
filing with the Court, 612(3)
forms
bylaw enforcement, 560
ministerial regulations, 604(d)–(e)
freedom of information (See
Freedom of Information and
Protection of Privacy Act
(FOIP))
heraldic emblem, 557(a), 559
microfiche copies, 214(1)
Minister, information to, 577
minutes of council meetings (See
minutes of council meetings)
notice to Minister of councillor list,
208(1)(c)
personal information retention,
214(3)
petitions (See petitions)
publication of information,
regulations for, 580
regional services commission (See
regional services commission)

January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

safe keeping of records and
documents, 208(1)(b)
safe keeping of seal, 272(2)
SDAB records, 629
sending documents, 608
service of documents, 607
signatures
agreements, 213(4)
banking signatures, 213(4)
borrowing instruments, 272
bylaws, 213(3)
designated officers, 213
financial administration, 272
minutes, council and committee,
213(1)–(2)
reproduction of, 213(5), 272
tax documents (See taxes and
taxation)
recovery of taxes related to land. See
tax recovery related to land
recreation. See parks and recreation
recreation facilities, community. See
community recreation facilities
redevelopment levy. See area
redevelopment plans
redevelopment of industrial or
commercial property. See
brownfield property
redistricting. See land use bylaws
reeve. See chief elected official (CEO)
reforestation of lands
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(l),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
regional airports authorities. See
airports
Regional Airports Authorities Act
assessment and taxation of airport
improvements, 298(1)(x),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
Regional Health Authorities Act
definitions, local authority,
1(1)(m)(ii)
improvement district expenditures,
596(1)(b)
regional health authority
agreement with municipality for
services, financing of, 262

78

definition as local authority,
1(1)(m)(ii)
hospitals (See hospitals and hospital
authorities)
securities as authorized municipal
investments, 250(2)(b),
250(2)(d)
taxation of property, 362(1)(g.1)
Regional Municipal Services Act
regulations for commissions,
transitional provision, 602.5
regional services commission,
602.01–602.4
acquisition of land in adjoining
province or territory,
602.11(b), 602.125
agreement with municipality, 625
ALSA regional plans, compliance
with, 570.01, 622
assessment and taxation
property held by, 362(1)(f)
sewage and drainage systems,
298(1)(a), 351(1)(a)
water systems, 298(1)(b),
351(1)(a)
board of directors, 602.04
appointment by Minister or
council, 602.04(5), 602.05
chair designated, 602.04(2)(b),
602.04(3)(a)
directors, 602.04(2)–(4)
directors from Province, 602.05
first board of directors, 602.04(2)
governance, 602.04(1)
information to Minister, 602.04(6)
meetings, closed or public, 1(3),
602.08
natural person powers, 602.1
powers, 602.1–602.13, 602.06
bylaws of commission, 602.07
corporation, control of profit, 602.09
definitions
board, 602.01(1)(a)
borrowing, 602.01(1)(b)
capital property, 602.01(1)(c)
commission, 602.01(1)(d)
member, 602.01(1)(e)
municipal authority, 602.01(1)(f)
January 2018

Municipal Government Act - Index

public utility, 1(1)(y),
602.01(1)(g)
regional services commission,
1(1)(y.1)
regional services commission as
local authority, 1(1)(m)(iii)
service, 602.01(1)(h)
transportation service, 602.01(1)(i)
disestablishing a commission, 602.4
dismissal and direction (See
dismissal of regional services
commission)
disputes
with EPCOR, 47.1
expropriation, 602.15
referrals to boards, 488(1)(g),
488(3), 602.14–602.16
establishment of, 602.02
expropriation, 602.13, 602.15
fees for services, 602.07(2)
information
from board of directors to
Minister, 602.381
meetings, FOIP issues, 602.08(2),
602.08(4)
privileged, 602.381(3)
inspection, 602.35
meetings
closed or public, 1(3), 602.08
FOIP issues, 602.08(2), 602.08(4)
minutes of closed meetings,
602.08(6)
regulations, 602.08(7)
natural person powers, 602.1
non-municipal public utilities
agreements, 45(3)(b), 45(4)
public utility disputes, 602.14
service area, within or outside
boundaries, 602.11
taxation of property, 362(1)(f)
transitional regulations, 602.5
transportation services under Motor
Transport Act, 602.12
Registrar of Land Titles
caveats (See caveats)
definitions, Registrar, 410(c), 616(y)
filing tax arrears list with, 412(1)(b)

79

removal of designation as municipal
reserve, 675
transfer of reserves to municipality,
672(2)
Registrar of the Court of Appeal
filing of hearing records, 688(4.3)
regular meetings of council, 193
Regulations Act, non-applicability of
borrowing exemptions by Minister,
255
guidelines for assessments, 322(3)
improvement districts, 585
municipal emergency exemption,
615.1(4)
orders for amalgamation,
annexation, change of status,
dissolution, or formation, 140
orders for school board purposes,
671(7)
principles, standards and criteria, 76
regional services commission,
602.07(5)
subdivision and development
regulations, 694(3)
Regulator, Alberta Energy. See
Alberta Energy Regulator (AER)
rehabilitation lands
assessment and taxation, 298(1)(l),
304(1)(h), 351(1)(a)
remuneration for councillors
defined, 275.1(1)
expense allowance, 275.1, 588.1
representative. See also growth
management boards
definition, 708.01(1)(e)
requisitions
ASFF (See Alberta School
Foundation Fund (ASFF))
cancellation, reduction, refund or
deferral of taxes, 359.4
designated industrial property (See
designated industrial property)
management body under Housing
Act, 326(1)(a)(v)
requisition adjustment or
allowanc