Form ST 120 St120 Fill In
User Manual: ST-120
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New York State Department of Taxation and Finance
New York State and Local Sales and Use Tax
Mark an X in the appropriate box: Single-use certiﬁcate Blanket certiﬁcate
Temporary vendors must issue a single-use certiﬁcate.
Certiﬁcation: I certify that the above statements are true, complete, and correct, and that no material information has been omitted. I make these
statements and issue this exemption certiﬁcate with the knowledge that this document provides evidence that state and local sales or use taxes
do not apply to a transaction or transactions for which I tendered this document and that willfully issuing this document with the intent to evade
any such tax may constitute a felony or other crime under New York State Law, punishable by a substantial ﬁne and a possible jail sentence. I
understand that this document is required to be ﬁled with, and delivered to, the vendor as agent for the Tax Department for the purposes of Tax
Law section 1838 and is deemed a document required to be ﬁled with the Tax Department for the purpose of prosecution of offenses. I also
understand that the Tax Department is authorized to investigate the validity of tax exclusions or exemptions claimed and the accuracy of any
information entered on this document.
Name of seller Name of purchaser
Street address Street address
City State ZIP code City State ZIP code
Purchaser information – please type or print
I am engaged in the business of and principally sell
(Contractors may not use this certiﬁcate to purchase materials and supplies.)
Part 1 – To be completed by registered New York State sales tax vendors
I certify that I am:
a New York State vendor (including a hotel operator or a dues or admissions recipient), show vendor or entertainment vendor. My
valid Certiﬁcate of Authority number is
a New York State temporary vendor. My valid Certiﬁcate of Authority number is and expires on
I am purchasing:
A. Tangible personal property (other than motor fuel or diesel motor fuel)
• for resale in its present form or for resale as a physical component part of tangible personal property;
• for use in performing taxable services where the property will become a physical component part of the property upon which the
services will be performed, or the property will actually be transferred to the purchaser of the taxable service in conjunction with the
performance of the service; or
B. A service for resale, including the servicing of tangible personal property held for sale.
Part 2 – To be completed by non-New York State purchasers
I certify that I am not registered nor am I required to be registered as a New York State sales tax vendor. I am registered to collect sales
tax or value added tax (VAT) in the following state/jurisdiction and have
been issued the following registration number (If sales tax or VAT registration is not
required and a registration number is not issued by your home jurisdiction, indicate the location of your business and write not applicable on
the line requesting the registration number.)
I am purchasing:
C. Tangible personal property (other than motor fuel or diesel motor fuel) for resale, and it is being delivered directly by the seller to my
customer or to an unafﬁliated fulﬁllment services provider in New York State.
D. Tangible personal property for resale that will be resold from a business located outside New York State.
Type or print name and title of owner, partner, or authorized person of purchaser
Signature of owner, partner, or authorized person of purchaser Date prepared
Substantial penalties will result from misuse of this certiﬁcate.
To the purchaser:
You may not use this certiﬁcate to purchase items or services that are not for resale. If you purchase tangible personal property or services
for resale, but use or consume the tangible personal property or services yourself in New York State, you must report and pay the unpaid tax
directly to New York State. Any misuse of this certiﬁcate will result in tax liabilities and substantial penalty and interest.
Sales Tax Information Center: (518) 485-2889
To order forms and publications: (518) 457-5431
Text Telephone (TTY) Hotline
(for persons with hearing and
speech disabilities using a TTY): (518) 485-5082
Internet access: www.tax.ny.gov
(for information, forms, and publications)
Form ST-120, Resale Certiﬁcate, is a sales tax exemption certiﬁcate.
This certiﬁcate is only for use by a purchaser who:
A – is registered as a New York State sales tax vendor and has a
valid Certiﬁcate of Authority issued by the Tax Department and
is making purchases of tangible personal property (other than
motor fuel or diesel motor fuel) or services that will be resold or
transferred to the purchaser’s customers, or
B – is not required to be registered with the New York State Tax
– is registered with another state, the District of Columbia, a
province of Canada, or other country, or is located in a state,
province, or country which does not require sellers to register for
sales tax or VAT purposes; and
– is purchasing items for resale that will be either:
1) delivered by the seller to the purchaser’s customer or to an
unafﬁliated fulﬁllment service provider located in New York
2) delivered to the purchaser in New York State, but resold from
a business located outside the state.
Note: For purposes of 1) above, delivery by the seller includes
delivery in the seller’s own vehicle or by common carrier,
regardless of who arranges for the transportation.
Non-New York State purchasers: registration
If, among other things, a purchaser has any place of business or
salespeople in New York State, or owns or leases tangible personal
property in the State, the purchaser is required to be registered for New
York State sales tax.
A business must register (unless the business can rebut the statutory
presumption as described in TSB-M-08(3.1)S, Additional Information
on How Sellers May Rebut the New Presumption Applicable to
the Deﬁnition of Sales Tax Vendor as Described in TSB-M-08(3)S)
for New York State sales tax if the business enters into agreements
with residents of New York State under which the residents
receive consideration for referring potential customers to the
business by links on a Web site or otherwise, and the value
of the sales in New York State made by the business through
those agreements totals more than $10,000 in the preceding
four sales tax quarters. See TSB-M-08(3)S, New Presumption Applicable
to Deﬁnition of Sales Tax Vendor, and TSB-M-08(3.1)S.
Also see TSB-M-09(3)S, Deﬁnition of a Sales Tax Vendor is Expanded
to Include Out-of-State Sellers with Related Businesses in New
York State, for information on sales tax registration requirements for
out-of-state businesses with New York afﬁliates.
A purchaser who is not otherwise required to be registered for New York
State sales tax may purchase fulﬁllment services from an unafﬁliated
New York fulﬁllment service provider and have its tangible personal
property located on the premises of the provider without being required
to be registered for sales tax in New York State.
If you need help determining if you are required to register because you engage
in activity in New York State, contact the department (see Need help?).
If you meet the registration requirements and engage in business
activities in New York State without possessing a valid Certiﬁcate of
Authority, you will be subject to penalty of up to $500 for the ﬁrst day on
which you make a sale or purchase, and up to $200 for each additional
day, up to a maximum of $10,000.
Limitations on use
Contractors cannot use this certiﬁcate. They must either:
• issue Form ST-120.1, Contractor Exempt Purchase Certiﬁcate, if the
tangible personal property being purchased qualiﬁes for exemption
as speciﬁed by the certiﬁcate, or
• issue Form AU-297, Direct Payment Permit, or
• pay sales tax at the time of purchase.
Contractors are entitled to a refund or credit of sales tax paid on
materials used in repairing, servicing or maintaining real property, if
the materials are transferred to the purchaser of the taxable service
in conjunction with the performance of the service. For additional
information, see Publication 862, Sales and Use Tax Classiﬁcations of
Capital Improvements and Repairs to Real Property.
ST-120 (1/11) (back) Instructions
To the Purchaser
Enter all the information requested on the front of this form.
You may mark an X in the Blanket certiﬁcate box to cover all purchases
of the same general type of property or service purchased for resale.
If you do not mark an X in the Blanket certiﬁcate box, the certiﬁcate
will be deemed a Single-use certiﬁcate. Temporary vendors may not
issue a blanket certiﬁcate. A temporary vendor is a vendor (other than a
show or entertainment vendor), who, in no more than two consecutive
quarters in any 12-month period, makes sales of tangible personal
property or services that are subject to tax.
This certiﬁcate does not exempt prepaid sales tax on cigarettes. This
certiﬁcate may not be used to purchase motor fuel or diesel motor fuel.
Misuse of this certiﬁcate
Misuse of this exemption certiﬁcate may subject you to serious civil and
criminal sanctions in addition to the payment of any tax and interest
due. These include:
• A penalty equal to 100% of the tax due;
• A $50 penalty for each fraudulent exemption certiﬁcate issued;
• Criminal felony prosecution, punishable by a substantial ﬁne and a
possible jail sentence; and
• Revocation of your Certiﬁcate of Authority, if you are required to
be registered as a vendor. See TSB-M-09(17)S, Amendments that
Encourage Compliance with the Tax Law and Enhance the Tax
Department’s Enforcement Ability, for more information.
To the Seller
If you are a New York State registered vendor and accept an exemption
document, you will be protected from liability for the tax, if the certiﬁcate
The certiﬁcate will be considered valid if it was:
• accepted in good faith;
• in the vendor’s possession within 90 days of the transaction; and
• properly completed (all required entries were made).
A certiﬁcate is accepted in good faith when a seller has no knowledge
that the exemption certiﬁcate is false or is fraudulently given, and
reasonable ordinary due care is exercised in the acceptance of the
You must get a properly completed exemption certiﬁcate from your
customer no later than 90 days after the delivery of the property or the
performance of the service. When you receive a certiﬁcate after the
90 days, both you and the purchaser are subject to the burden of proving
that the sale was exempt, and additional documentation may be required.
An exemption certiﬁcate received on time that is not properly completed
will be considered satisfactory if the deﬁciency is corrected within a
reasonable period. You must also maintain a method of associating an
invoice (or other source document) for an exempt sale made to a customer
with the exemption certiﬁcate you have on ﬁle from that customer.
Invalid exemption certiﬁcates – Sales transactions which are not
supported by valid exemption certiﬁcates are deemed to be taxable
retail sales. The burden of proof that the tax was not required to be
collected is upon the seller.
Retention of exemption certiﬁcates - You must keep this certiﬁcate
for at least three years after the due date of the return to which it
relates, or the date the return was ﬁled, if later.