Rad Data Comm E1 T1 Users Manual Fcd Ipm_fm

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2015-02-06

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FCD-IPM
Installation and Operation Manual
E1/T1 or Fractional E1/T1
M
odular Access Device
with Integrated Router
FCD-IPM
E1/T1 or Fractional E1/T1 Modular Access Device with
Integrated Router
Installation and Operation Manual
Notice
This manual contains information that is proprietary to RAD Data Communications Ltd. ("RAD"). No
part of this publication may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without prior written approval by
RAD Data Communications.
Right, title and interest, all information, copyrights, patents, know-how, trade secrets and other
intellectual property or other proprietary rights relating to this manual and to the FCD-IPM and any
software components contained therein are proprietary products of RAD protected under international
copyright law and shall be and remain solely with RAD.
FCD-IPM is a registered trademark of RAD. No right, license, or interest to such trademark is granted
hereunder, and you agree that no such right, license, or interest shall be asserted by you with respect
to such trademark.
You shall not copy, reverse compile or reverse assemble all or any portion of the Manual or the FCD-
IPM. You are prohibited from, and shall not, directly or indirectly, develop, market, distribute, license,
or sell any product that supports substantially similar functionality as the FCD-IPM, based on or derived
in any way from the FCD-IPM. Your undertaking in this paragraph shall survive the termination of this
Agreement.
This Agreement is effective upon your opening of the FCD-IPM package and shall continue until
terminated. RAD may terminate this Agreement upon the breach by you of any term hereof. Upon
such termination by RAD, you agree to return to RAD the FCD-IPM and all copies and portions
thereof.
For further information contact RAD at the address below or contact your local distributor.
International Headquarters
RAD Data Communications Ltd.
24 Raoul Wallenberg St.
Tel Aviv 69719 Israel
Tel: 972-3-6458181
Fax: 972-3-6498250
E-mail: market@rad.com
U.S. Headquarters
RAD Data Communications Inc.
900 Corporate Drive
Mahwah, NJ 07430 USA
Tel: (201) 529-1100, Toll free: 1-800-444-7234
Fax: (201) 529-5777
E-mail: market@radusa.com
© 1991-2003 RAD Data Communications Ltd. Publication No. 702-200-08/03
Limited Warranty
RAD warrants to DISTRIBUTOR that the hardware in the FCD-IPM to be delivered hereunder shall be
free of defects in material and workmanship under normal use and service for a period of twelve (12)
months following the date of shipment to DISTRIBUTOR.
If, during the warranty period, any component part of the equipment becomes defective by reason of
material or workmanship, and DISTRIBUTOR immediately notifies RAD of such defect, RAD shall have
the option to choose the appropriate corrective action: a) supply a replacement part, or b) request
return of equipment to its plant for repair, or c) perform necessary repair at the equipment's location.
In the event that RAD requests the return of equipment, each party shall pay one-way shipping costs.
RAD shall be released from all obligations under its warranty in the event that the equipment has been
subjected to misuse, neglect, accident or improper installation, or if repairs or modifications were
made by persons other than RAD's own authorized service personnel, unless such repairs by others
were made with the written consent of RAD.
The above warranty is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied. There are no warranties
which extend beyond the face hereof, including, but not limited to, warranties of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose, and in no event shall RAD be liable for consequential damages.
RAD shall not be liable to any person for any special or indirect damages, including, but not limited to,
lost profits from any cause whatsoever arising from or in any way connected with the manufacture,
sale, handling, repair, maintenance or use of the FCD-IPM, and in no event shall RAD's liability exceed
the purchase price of the FCD-IPM.
DISTRIBUTOR shall be responsible to its customers for any and all warranties which it makes relating
to FCD-IPM and for ensuring that replacements and other adjustments required in connection with the
said warranties are satisfactory.
Software components in the FCD-IPM are provided "as is" and without warranty of any kind. RAD
disclaims all warranties including the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. RAD shall not be liable for any loss of use, interruption of business or indirect, special,
incidental or consequential damages of any kind. In spite of the above RAD shall do its best to provide
error-free software products and shall offer free Software updates during the warranty period under
this Agreement.
RAD's cumulative liability to you or any other party for any loss or damages resulting from any claims,
demands, or actions arising out of or relating to this Agreement and the FCD-IPM shall not exceed the
sum paid to RAD for the purchase of the FCD-IPM. In no event shall RAD be liable for any indirect,
incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost profits, even if RAD has been advised of
the possibility of such damages.
This Agreement shall be construed and governed in accordance with the laws of the State of Israel.
General Safety Instructions
The following instructions serve as a general guide for the safe installation and operation of
telecommunications products. Additional instructions, if applicable, are included inside the manual.
Safety Symbols
This symbol may appear on the equipment or in the text. It indicates
potential safety hazards regarding product operation or maintenance to
operator or service personnel.
Danger of electric shock! Avoid any contact with the marked surface while
the product is energized or connected to outdoor telecommunication lines.
.
Protective earth: the marked lug or terminal should be connected to the building
protective earth bus.
Some products may be equipped with a laser diode. In such cases, a label
with the laser class and other warnings as applicable will be attached near
the optical transmitter. The laser warning symbol may be also attached.
Please observe the following precautions:
Before turning on the equipment, make sure that the fiber optic cable is
intact and is connected to the transmitter.
Do not attempt to adjust the laser drive current.
Do not use broken or unterminated fiber-optic cables/connectors or look
straight at the laser beam.
The use of optical devices with the equipment will increase eye hazard.
Use of controls, adjustments or performing procedures other than those
specified herein, may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
ATTENTION: The laser beam may be invisible!
Always observe standard safety precautions during installation, operation and maintenance of this
product. Only qualified and authorized service personnel should carry out adjustment, maintenance or
repairs to this product. No installation, adjustment, maintenance or repairs should be performed by
either the operator or the user.
Warning
Warning
Handling Energized Products
General Safety Practices
Do not touch or tamper with the power supply when the power cord is connected. Line voltages may
be present inside certain products even when the power switch (if installed) is in the OFF position or a
fuse is blown. For DC-powered products, although the voltages levels are usually not hazardous,
energy hazards may still exist.
Before working on equipment connected to power lines or telecommunication lines, remove jewelry
or any other metallic object that may come into contact with energized parts.
Unless otherwise specified, all products are intended to be grounded during normal use. Grounding is
provided by connecting the mains plug to a wall socket with a protective earth terminal. If an earth lug
is provided on the product, it should be connected to the protective earth at all times, by a wire with a
diameter of 18 AWG or wider. Rack-mounted equipment should be mounted only in earthed racks
and cabinets.
Always make the ground connection first and disconnect it last. Do not connect telecommunication
cables to ungrounded equipment. Make sure that all other cables are disconnected before
disconnecting the ground.
Connection of AC Mains
Make sure that the electrical installation complies with local codes.
Always connect the AC plug to a wall socket with a protective ground.
The maximum permissible current capability of the branch distribution circuit that supplies power to
the product is 16A. The circuit breaker in the building installation should have high breaking capacity
and must operate at short-circuit current exceeding 35A.
Always connect the power cord first to the equipment and then to the wall socket. If a power switch is
provided in the equipment, set it to the OFF position. If the power cord cannot be readily
disconnected in case of emergency, make sure that a readily accessible circuit breaker or emergency
switch is installed in the building installation.
Connection of DC Mains
Unless otherwise specified in the manual, the DC input to the equipment is floating in reference to the
ground. Any single pole can be externally grounded.
Due to the high current capability of DC mains systems, care should be taken when connecting the DC
supply to avoid short-circuits and fire hazards.
DC units should be installed in a restricted access area, i.e. an area where access is authorized only to
qualified service and maintenance personnel.
Make sure that the DC supply is electrically isolated from any AC source and that the installation
complies with the local codes.
The maximum permissible current capability of the branch distribution circuit that supplies power to
the product is 16A. The circuit breaker in the building installation should have high breaking capacity
and must operate at short-circuit current exceeding 35A.
Before connecting the DC supply wires, ensure that power is removed form the DC circuit. Locate the
circuit breaker of the panel board that services the equipment and switch it to the OFF position. When
connecting the DC supply wires, first connect the ground wire to the corresponding terminal, then the
positive pole and last the negative pole. Switch the circuit breaker back to the ON position.
A readily accessible disconnect device that is suitably rated and approved should be incorporated in
the building installation.
Connection of Data and Telecommunications Cables
Data and telecommunication interfaces are classified according to their safety status.
The following table lists the status of several standard interfaces. If the status of a given port differs from
the standard one, a notice will be given in the manual.
Ports Safety Status
V.11, V.28, V.35, V.36, RS-530,
X.21, 10 BaseT, 100 BaseT,
Unbalanced E1, E2, E3, STM, DS-2,
DS-3, S-Interface ISDN, Analog voice
E&M
SELV Safety Extra Low Voltage:
Ports which do not present a safety hazard. Usually
up to 30 VAC or 60 VDC.
xDSL (without feeding voltage),
Balanced E1, T1, Sub E1/T1
TNV-1 Telecommunication Network Voltage-1:
Ports whose normal operating voltage is within the
limits of SELV, on which overvoltages from
telecommunications networks are possible.
FXS (Foreign Exchange Subscriber) TNV-2 Telecommunication Network Voltage-2:
Ports whose normal operating voltage exceeds the
limits of SELV (usually up to 120 VDC or telephone
ringing voltages), on which overvoltages from
telecommunication networks are not possible. These
ports are not permitted to be directly connected to
external telephone and data lines.
FXO (Foreign Exchange Office), xDSL
(with feeding voltage), U-Interface
ISDN
TNV-3 Telecommunication Network Voltage-3:
Ports whose normal operating voltage exceeds the
limits of SELV (usually up to 120 VDC or telephone
ringing voltages), on which overvoltages from
telecommunication networks are possible.
Always connect a given port to a port of the same safety status. If in doubt, seek the assistance of a
qualified safety engineer.
Always make sure that the equipment is grounded before connecting telecommunication cables. Do
not disconnect the ground connection before disconnecting all telecommunications cables.
Some SELV and non-SELV circuits use the same connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
Extra caution should be exercised during thunderstorms.
When using shielded or coaxial cables, verify that there is a good ground connection at both ends. The
earthing and bonding of the ground connections should comply with the local codes.
The telecommunication wiring in the building may be damaged or present a fire hazard in case of
contact between exposed external wires and the AC power lines. In order to reduce the risk, there are
restrictions on the diameter of wires in the telecom cables, between the equipment and the mating
connectors.
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cords.
Pour réduire les risques s’incendie, utiliser seulement des conducteurs de
télécommunications 26 AWG ou de section supérieure.
Some ports are suitable for connection to intra-building or non-exposed wiring or cabling only. In such
cases, a notice will be given in the installation instructions.
Do not attempt to tamper with any carrier-provided equipment or connection hardware.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
The equipment is designed and approved to comply with the electromagnetic regulations of major
regulatory bodies. The following instructions may enhance the performance of the equipment and will
provide better protection against excessive emission and better immunity against disturbances.
A good earth connection is essential. When installing the equipment in a rack, make sure to remove all
traces of paint from the mounting points. Use suitable lock-washers and torque. If an external
grounding lug is provided, connect it to the earth bus using braided wire as short as possible.
The equipment is designed to comply with EMC requirements when connecting it with unshielded
twisted pair (UTP) cables. However, the use of shielded wires is always recommended, especially for
high-rate data. In some cases, when unshielded wires are used, ferrite cores should be installed on
certain cables. In such cases, special instructions are provided in the manual.
Disconnect all wires which are not in permanent use, such as cables used for one-time configuration.
The compliance of the equipment with the regulations for conducted emission on the data lines is
dependent on the cable quality. The emission is tested for UTP with 80 dB longitudinal conversion loss
(LCL).
Unless otherwise specified or described in the manual, TNV-1 and TNV-3 ports provide secondary
protection against surges on the data lines. Primary protectors should be provided in the building
installation.
The equipment is designed to provide adequate protection against electro-static discharge (ESD).
However, it is good working practice to use caution when connecting cables terminated with plastic
connectors (without a grounded metal hood, such as flat cables) to sensitive data lines. Before
connecting such cables, discharge yourself by touching earth ground or wear an ESD preventive wrist
strap.
FCC-15 User Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits of the Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the Installation and Operation manual, may cause harmful interference to the radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Caution
ttentio
Canadian Emission Requirements
This Class A digital apparatus meets all the requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing
Equipment Regulation.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel
brouilleur du Canada.
Warning per EN 55022 (CISPR-22)
This is a class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause
radio interference, in which case the user will be required to take adequate
measures.
Cet appareil est un appareil de Classe A. Dans un environnement résidentiel, cet
appareil peut provoquer des brouillages radioélectriques. Dans ces cas, il peut
être demandé à l’utilisateur de prendre les mesures appropriées.
Dieses ist ein Gerät der Funkstörgrenzwertklasse A. In Wohnbereichen können
bei Betrieb dieses Gerätes Rundfunkströrungen auftreten, in welchen Fällen der
Benutzer für entsprechende Gegenmaßnahmen verantwortlich ist.
Conventions
A note draws attention to a general rule for a procedure, or to exceptions to a rule.
A caution warns of possible damage to the equipment if a procedure is not
followed correctly.
A warning alerts to the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the equipment. If these
instructions are not followed exactly, possible bodily injury may occur.
Warning
A
vertissement
A
chtung
Note
Caution
Warning
Installing and Operating FCD-IPM 1
Quick Start Guide
If you are familiar with FCD-IPM, use this guide to prepare it for operation.
1. Installing and Operating FCD-IPM
To install FCD-IPM:
1. Unpack the unit.
2. If working with E1 unbalanced interface, open the unit to switch factory setting
of jumper from BAL to UNBAL.
3. Close the unit.
4. Connect interface cables to the unit.
5. Connect the power to the unit.
6. Turn on the unit.
7. Configure the unit using the Quick Setup Menu or Advanced Menu.
Quick Start Guide FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
2 Installing and Operating FCD-IPM
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual i
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 1-1
Versions...................................................................................................................1-1
Applications.............................................................................................................1-3
Features...................................................................................................................1-4
1.2 Physical Description .......................................................................................... 1-5
1.3 Functional Description ...................................................................................... 1-5
Main Link and Sublink Characteristics ......................................................................1-6
IO Data Channel Interfaces......................................................................................1-7
System Timing Considerations..................................................................................1-7
Time Slot Handling ..................................................................................................1-8
Integrated Router.....................................................................................................1-8
Bridging...................................................................................................................1-8
Protocols .................................................................................................................1-9
Management ...........................................................................................................1-9
1.4 Technical Specifications .................................................................................. 1-11
Chapter 2. Installation and Setup
2.1 Site Requirements & Prerequisites..................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Package Contents.............................................................................................. 2-2
2.3 Equipment Needed........................................................................................... 2-2
2.4 Installation and Setup........................................................................................ 2-2
Setting Internal Jumpers and Switches ......................................................................2-2
Fuses .......................................................................................................................2-3
2.5 Interfaces and Connections ............................................................................... 2-4
E1/T1 Link Connections ...........................................................................................2-4
IO Data Channel Connections .................................................................................2-4
Control Port Connection ..........................................................................................2-5
Connecting the Power .............................................................................................2-5
Chapter 3. Operation
3.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Indicators .......................................................................................................... 3-1
Front Panel Indicators ..............................................................................................3-1
Rear Panel Indicators ...............................................................................................3-3
3.3 Operating Instructions....................................................................................... 3-3
Turning On..............................................................................................................3-3
Normal Indications ..................................................................................................3-3
Fault Indications ......................................................................................................3-5
Turning Off..............................................................................................................3-5
3.4 Connecting to the ASCII Terminal ..................................................................... 3-5
Connecting the Terminal Emulator ...........................................................................3-5
Password Protection.................................................................................................3-6
Table of Contents
ii FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
Chapter 4. Configuration
4.1 Overview .......................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Main Menu ....................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Quick Setup Menu............................................................................................ 4-2
Quick Setup Parameters...........................................................................................4-3
Quick Setup Menu Examples ...................................................................................4-5
WAN Settings ..........................................................................................................4-7
LAN Settings ............................................................................................................4-9
ISDN Settings.........................................................................................................4-11
Frame Relay Settings ..............................................................................................4-11
DLCI Number........................................................................................................4-11
V.24 Async Settings................................................................................................4-12
Security Settings.....................................................................................................4-12
4.4 Security Setup Menu....................................................................................... 4-13
Device Access Restriction.......................................................................................4-14
Firewall Option......................................................................................................4-15
IP Address Translation (NAT)..................................................................................4-18
4.5 Advanced Setup Menu.................................................................................... 4-20
Setup Menu...........................................................................................................4-20
Device Control Menu ............................................................................................4-21
4.6 View Menu ..................................................................................................... 4-26
Configuration.........................................................................................................4-27
Interface Connections ............................................................................................4-29
Routing Tables.......................................................................................................4-29
Statistics.................................................................................................................4-35
SHDSL Status and Statistics ....................................................................................4-35
E1/T1 Diagnostics ..................................................................................................4-38
E1/T1 Alarms Log File.............................................................................................4-40
4.7 Diagnostic Tools Menu.................................................................................... 4-41
Chapter 5. Setup Menu
5.1 Host Parameters Menu...................................................................................... 5-3
Device ID................................................................................................................5-4
IP Host ....................................................................................................................5-5
SNMP Manager Table..............................................................................................5-7
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) ..........................................................................5-8
RADIUS (Authentication and Billing) ........................................................................5-9
5.2 Routing/Bridging Menu ................................................................................... 5-11
Interface Routing/Bridging Mode............................................................................5-12
Static Stations and Nets..........................................................................................5-15
IP Routings Settings................................................................................................5-17
IPX Routing Settings ...............................................................................................5-25
Station Ageing........................................................................................................5-27
5.3 Interface Parameters Menu ............................................................................. 5-28
Link Settings Menu ................................................................................................5-29
SHDSL Settings......................................................................................................5-31
E1/T1 Settings ........................................................................................................5-34
ISDN Settings Menu...............................................................................................5-67
Frame Relay Settings ..............................................................................................5-70
Table of Contents
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual iii
5.4 Access Control (Security) Menu....................................................................... 5-75
External Access Security (only relevant to Link with PPP Protocol)...........................5-76
Device Security Identity (PPP only).........................................................................5-78
Security Host/Guest (PPP only)...............................................................................5-79
Login Script Setup..................................................................................................5-79
5.5 WAN Economy Menu ..................................................................................... 5-82
Filters ....................................................................................................................5-83
Connection on Demand ........................................................................................5-92
Spoofing ................................................................................................................5-97
5.6 Factory Default Options .................................................................................. 5-99
Chapter 6. Troubleshooting and Diagnostics
6.1 General Troubleshooting................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 E1/T1 and Voice Troubleshooting...................................................................... 6-1
6.3 Router Connections Troubleshooting ................................................................ 6-2
IP connection to LAN is DOWN ..............................................................................6-2
IP Connection to WAN is DOWN............................................................................6-2
Appendix A. Interface Specifications and Cable Diagrams
Appendix B. Boot Manager
Appendix C. SNMP Management
Appendix D. Glossary
Table of Contents
iv FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
List of Figures
1-1. FCD-IPM with PBX and LAN ..................................................................................... 1-3
1-2. FCD-IPM with Eight Telephones and LAN over SHDSL.............................................. 1-3
1-3. FCD-IPM General View............................................................................................. 1-5
1-4. FCD-IPM Functional Block Diagram .......................................................................... 1-6
2-1. Location of Internal BAL/UNBAL Jumpers.................................................................. 2-3
2-2. FCD-IPM Rear Panel ................................................................................................. 2-4
3-1. FCD-IPM Front Panel ................................................................................................ 3-1
3-2. Connecting to Terminal Emulator .............................................................................. 3-6
4-1. FCD-IPM Main Menu................................................................................................ 4-2
4-2. T1 Interface Quick Setup Screen ............................................................................... 4-5
4-3. E1 Interface Quick Setup Screen ............................................................................... 4-6
4-4. Setting up the IP Mask............................................................................................. 4-10
4-5. Security Setup Menu Outline .................................................................................. 4-13
4-6. Security Setup Menu ............................................................................................... 4-13
4-7. Configuring Firewalls ............................................................................................... 4-17
4-8. Firewall Setup Menu ............................................................................................... 4-17
4-9. Firewall Interfaces Menu ......................................................................................... 4-17
4-10. Firewall Rules Menu .............................................................................................. 4-18
4-11. IP Address Translation Menu ................................................................................. 4-18
4-12. IP Address Translation ........................................................................................... 4-18
4-13. IP Address Transparent .......................................................................................... 4-19
4-14. Advanced Menu Outline ....................................................................................... 4-20
4-15. Advanced Menu.................................................................................................... 4-20
4-16. Device Control Menu Outline ............................................................................... 4-21
4-17. Device Control Menu............................................................................................ 4-21
4-18. Software Download Menu..................................................................................... 4-22
4-19. Using the Dual Image Flash ................................................................................... 4-22
4-20. Downloading from a TFTP Server .......................................................................... 4-23
4-21. Software Download Menu..................................................................................... 4-23
4-22. Downloading/Uploading Parameters ..................................................................... 4-24
4-23. View Menu Outline............................................................................................... 4-26
4-24. View Menu ........................................................................................................... 4-27
4-25. View Configuration Screen .................................................................................... 4-28
4-26. Interface Connections Screen ................................................................................ 4-29
4-27. Routing Tables Menu............................................................................................. 4-29
4-28. Bridge Table.......................................................................................................... 4-30
4-29. IP Interfaces Table ................................................................................................. 4-30
4-30. IP Routing Table.................................................................................................... 4-30
4-31. IPX Routing Table.................................................................................................. 4-31
4-32. IPX Services Table ................................................................................................. 4-32
4-33. ARP Table ............................................................................................................. 4-32
4-34. IP Address Pool (DHCP) Table............................................................................... 4-33
4-35. OSPF Related Information Menu........................................................................... 4-33
4-36. OSPF Interfaces Table ........................................................................................... 4-33
Table of Contents
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual v
4-37. OSPF Neighbors Table .......................................................................................... 4-34
4-38. OSPF Database Table............................................................................................ 4-34
4-39. LAN Statistics......................................................................................................... 4-35
4-40. SHDSL Status ........................................................................................................ 4-36
4-41. SHDSL Statistics over Intervals............................................................................... 4-37
4-42. T1 Diagnostics....................................................................................................... 4-38
4-43. E1 Diagnostics ....................................................................................................... 4-38
4-44. E1 Alarms Screen................................................................................................... 4-40
4-45. T1 Alarms Screen .................................................................................................. 4-40
4-46. Diagnostic Tools Menu Outline ............................................................................. 4-41
4-47. Diagnostic Tools Menu.......................................................................................... 4-41
4-48. Pinging an IP Host ................................................................................................. 4-41
4-49. Ping Terminal Screen............................................................................................. 4-42
5-1. Setup Menu Outline.................................................................................................. 5-1
5-2. Setup Menu .............................................................................................................. 5-1
5-3. Host Parameters Menu Outline ................................................................................. 5-3
5-4. Host Parameters Menu.............................................................................................. 5-4
5-5. Device ID Menu........................................................................................................ 5-4
5-6. IP Host Menu ............................................................................................................ 5-5
5-7. Default Gateway ....................................................................................................... 5-7
5-8. SNMP Manager Table Menu ..................................................................................... 5-7
5-9. TFTP Menu ............................................................................................................... 5-8
5-10. File Transfer to and from TFTP Server...................................................................... 5-8
5-11. RADIUS Menu ........................................................................................................ 5-9
5-12. Routing Menu Outline........................................................................................... 5-11
5-13. Routing/Bridging menu.......................................................................................... 5-12
5-14. Interface Routing Bridging Mode Menu ................................................................. 5-12
5-15. Adding Static Stations and Nets ............................................................................. 5-15
5-16. Router 2 set to “Next Hop” in FCD-IPM................................................................ 5-16
5-17. IP Routing Settings................................................................................................. 5-17
5-18. WAN and LAN Interface Addresses ....................................................................... 5-18
5-19. IP Address Pool Menu ........................................................................................... 5-20
5-20. PC Remote Access................................................................................................. 5-21
5-21. OSPF Settings Menu.............................................................................................. 5-22
5-22. Interfaces area ID .................................................................................................. 5-23
5-23. Interfaces area ID .................................................................................................. 5-23
5-24. OSPF Areas Setup ................................................................................................. 5-23
5-25. OSPF Summaries Setup......................................................................................... 5-24
5-26. IPX Routing Settings............................................................................................... 5-25
5-27. Automatic Learning from IPX Frames..................................................................... 5-26
5-28. RIP/SAP Mode Setup ............................................................................................. 5-26
5-29. Station Aging Menu ............................................................................................... 5-27
5-30. Interface Parameters Menu Outline....................................................................... 5-28
5-31. Interface Parameters.............................................................................................. 5-29
5-32. Link Settings Menu ................................................................................................ 5-29
5-33. SHDSL Settings Menu ........................................................................................... 5-31
5-34. SHDSL Parameters Menu ...................................................................................... 5-32
5-35. SHDSL Loops Menu .............................................................................................. 5-33
Table of Contents
vi FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-36. Local Loopback ..................................................................................................... 5-34
5-37. Remote Loopback ................................................................................................. 5-34
5-38. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface .......................................................................... 5-35
5-39. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface and Sublink....................................................... 5-35
5-40. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface and Analog Voice Ports ..................................... 5-35
5-41. T1 Setup Menu ..................................................................................................... 5-37
5-42. T1 Time Slots Mapping Screen .............................................................................. 5-39
5-43. Time Slots Mapping (for FCD-IPM with a T1 Sublink) ............................................ 5-39
5-44. Remote Analog Loopback...................................................................................... 5-40
5-45. Remote Analog Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links................................................ 5-41
5-46. Remote Digital Loopback ...................................................................................... 5-41
5-47. Remote Digital Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links ................................................ 5-41
5-48. Local Analog Loopback ......................................................................................... 5-42
5-49. Local Analog Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links.................................................... 5-42
5-50. T1 Parameters Link1 Menu.................................................................................... 5-43
5-51. FXS Voice Interface ............................................................................................... 5-45
5-52. FXO Voice Interface .............................................................................................. 5-47
5-53. E & M Voice Interface ........................................................................................... 5-49
5-54. T1 Time Slots Mapping Link1 Screen..................................................................... 5-51
5-55. T1 Alarms Filter Menu ........................................................................................... 5-52
5-56. E1 Setup Menu...................................................................................................... 5-53
5-57. E1 Time Slots Mapping Screen .............................................................................. 5-55
5-58. Time Slots Mapping (for FCD-IPM with an E1 Sublink) .......................................... 5-55
5-59. Remote Analog Loopback...................................................................................... 5-56
5-60. Remote Analog Loopback for E1 and Sub E1 Links ................................................ 5-57
5-61. Local Analog Loopback ......................................................................................... 5-57
5-62. Local Analog Loopback for E1 and Sub E1 Links .................................................... 5-58
5-63. E1 Parameters ....................................................................................................... 5-58
5-64. FXS Voice Parameters............................................................................................ 5-60
5-65. FXO Voice Interface .............................................................................................. 5-62
5-66. E & M Voice Interface ........................................................................................... 5-64
5-67. E1 Time Slots Mapping Link1 Screen ..................................................................... 5-66
5-68. E1 Alarms Filter Screen.......................................................................................... 5-67
5-69. Connection to the Internet over ISDN ................................................................... 5-68
5-70. Dialback Phone Number....................................................................................... 5-69
5-71. Frame Relay DLCI Settings..................................................................................... 5-70
5-72. Connection to the Internet over Frame Relay ........................................................ 5-70
5-73. Frame Relay Options in the Advanced Menu......................................................... 5-71
5-74. Polling Intervals ..................................................................................................... 5-73
5-75. Monitored Events .................................................................................................. 5-73
5-76. Monitored Events - Down Link .............................................................................. 5-73
5-77. Access Control Menu Outline................................................................................ 5-75
5-78. Access Control Menu ............................................................................................ 5-76
5-79. External Access Security Menu .............................................................................. 5-76
5-80. Device Security Identity Menu .............................................................................. 5-78
5-81. Security Host/Guest Menu..................................................................................... 5-79
5-82. Script Setup Menu................................................................................................. 5-79
5-83. WAN Economy Menu Outline............................................................................... 5-82
5-84. WAN Economy Menu ........................................................................................... 5-83
Table of Contents
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual vii
5-85. Filters Menu .......................................................................................................... 5-83
5-86. Action of a Quick Filter ......................................................................................... 5-84
5-87. Action of an Advanced Filter ................................................................................. 5-85
5-88. Filters Menu .......................................................................................................... 5-86
5-89. Quick Filters Menu................................................................................................ 5-87
5-90. Add Filters Menu................................................................................................... 5-88
5-91. Connection On Demand Menu............................................................................. 5-92
5-92. Permanent Connection ......................................................................................... 5-94
5-93. Any Frame Starts a Connection.............................................................................. 5-95
5-94. Limiting Access to a Specific PC............................................................................. 5-96
5-95. Manual Connection............................................................................................... 5-97
5-96. IP/IPX Spoofing Menu............................................................................................ 5-97
5-97. Factory Default Menu Outline............................................................................... 5-99
List of Tables
1-1. Typical FCD-IPM Ranges over SHDSL Link................................................................ 1-7
3-1. Front Panel Indicator Functions ................................................................................. 3-2
3-2. Rear Panel Indicator Functions .................................................................................. 3-3
4-1. Quick Setup Parameters ............................................................................................ 4-4
4-2. WAN Parameters....................................................................................................... 4-7
4-3. LAN Parameters ........................................................................................................ 4-9
4-4. ISDN Settings .......................................................................................................... 4-11
4-5. V.24 Async Settings ................................................................................................. 4-12
4-6. Security Settings ...................................................................................................... 4-12
4-7. IP Address Translation (NAT) Settings....................................................................... 4-19
4-8. SHDSL Status Screen Parameters............................................................................. 4-36
4-9. SHDSL Statistics Parameters .................................................................................... 4-37
4-10. Interval Parameters................................................................................................ 4-39
5-1. Device ID Parameters................................................................................................ 5-5
5-2. IP Host Parameters .................................................................................................... 5-6
5-3. TFTP Parameters ....................................................................................................... 5-8
5-4. RADIUS Menu Parameters ...................................................................................... 5-10
5-5. Interface Routing/Bridging Mode Menu Parameters ................................................. 5-13
5-6. PPP Settings............................................................................................................. 5-14
5-7. Static Stations and Nets ........................................................................................... 5-15
5-8. Routing Protocol Settings ......................................................................................... 5-18
5-9. IP Address Pool Setting (DHCP) ............................................................................... 5-19
5-10. IP Address Pool Settings......................................................................................... 5-21
5-11. OSPF Settings........................................................................................................ 5-22
5-12. OSPF Areas Setup ................................................................................................. 5-24
5-13. IPX Routing Settings............................................................................................... 5-25
5-14. Link Settings .......................................................................................................... 5-30
Table of Contents
viii FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-15. SHDSL Parameters ................................................................................................ 5-32
5-16. SHDSL Loops ........................................................................................................ 5-33
5-17. T1 Setup Parameters ............................................................................................. 5-37
5-18. T1 Parameters Link1 Parameters............................................................................ 5-43
5-19. E1 Setup Parameters.............................................................................................. 5-53
5-20. E1 Link1 Parameters.............................................................................................. 5-59
5-21. Dialing Mode Parameters ...................................................................................... 5-68
5-22. Answering Mode Parameters ................................................................................. 5-68
5-23. Local Number for Dialback ................................................................................... 5-69
5-24. Frame Relay Link Parameters................................................................................. 5-72
5-25. Frame Relay DLCI Parameters ............................................................................... 5-74
5-26. External Access Security Parameters....................................................................... 5-77
5-27. Device Security Identity......................................................................................... 5-78
5-28. Command Codes .................................................................................................. 5-80
5-29. Example of Argument ............................................................................................ 5-81
5-30. Add Filters Menu Terms ........................................................................................ 5-89
5-31. Advanced Filter Parameters ................................................................................... 5-89
5-32. Connection On Demand Parameters..................................................................... 5-93
5-33. IP/IPX Spoofing Parameters.................................................................................... 5-98
6-1. General Troubleshooting ............................................................................................ 6-1
6-2. E1, T1 and Voice Troubleshooting............................................................................. 6-1
6-3. Router Connections Troubleshooting......................................................................... 6-2
6-4. IP Connection to WAN Troubleshooting.................................................................... 6-2
Overview 1-1
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 Overview
FCD-IPM is an E1/T1 or fractional E1/T1 Integrated Access Device (IAD), which
enables service providers to bundle voice and Internet access services over a single
E1 or T1 access line. FCD-IPM connects an Ethernet LAN to the Internet or
Intranet through the integrated IP/IPX router or bridge. The connection is made via
E1/T1/SHDSL links, operating at data rates of up to 2.048 Mbps for E1,
1.544 Mbps for T1 or 2.048 Mbps for SHDSL with optional backup for data using
ISDN or PSTN networks. WAN data protocols supported are Frame Relay, PPP
and MLPPP. FCD-IPM also supports two Ethernet LAN connections and provides
two IO data channel slot options.
FCD-IPM provides transparent data and voice capabilities over the E1 or T1 access
line, such as a synchronous data channel that supports user-selectable transmission
rates, digital voice over sub E1 or T1 link that supports PBX and analog FXS, FXO
and E&M voice ports.
Versions
There are several versions of FCD-IPM, and each version has its own specific
options.
The following options are available for ordering as part of FCD-IPM:
Main Wan Interface
E1/T1 Interface (main link only)
E1 over SHDSL (main link only)
Sub-E1/T1, analog voice, and ISDN backup interface options:
S: supports sub-E1/T1
FXS: supports 4 FXS voice channels
FXO: supports 4 FXO voice channels
E&M: supports 4 E&M voice channels
IBE: supports ISDN “S” interface
IBU: supports ISDN “U” interface.
WAN interface options (up to two data ports):
T1 or fractional T1 CSU/DSU operating at up to 1.544 Mbps
E1 or fractional E1, with or without LTU, operating at up to 2.048 Mbps
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-2 Overview
E1/T1 over fiber optic links with interfaces:
850 nm LED for use over multimode fiber at distances up to 5 km (3 miles)
1310 nm LED for use over single mode fiber at distances up to 47 km (29 miles)
1310 nm laser diode for use over single mode fiber at distances up to 62 km
(38 miles)
1550 nm laser diode for use over single mode fiber for extended range
up to 100 km (62 miles)
ST, FC/PC, or SC connectors.
Interfaces/connectors for WAN:
V.35 with 34-pin female via adapter cable
V.24/RS-232 or RS-530 with 25 pin D-type, female
X.21 with 15-pin D-type, female via adapter cable
V.36/RS-422 with 37-pin D-type, female via adapter cable.
LAN interface options:
One or two ports
Port types:
LAN 1 – 10/100BaseT with RJ-45 connector (UTP) or 10Base2 with coax
connector (BNC)
LAN 2 – 10BaseT with RJ-45 connector (UTP), 10Base2 with coax
connector (BNC).
4-port Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switch.
I/O data channel slot options:
I/O1 upper slot
I/O2 lower slot
Card insertion options:
4 analog voice ports (quad FXS or FXO or E&M)
8 analog voice ports (2 × quad FXS or FXO or E&M)
Sub E1/T1
2 × Sub E1/T1 cards
4 analog voice ports + Nx64K cards
Sub E1/T1 + Nx64K cards
Nx64K cards (V.24, V.35 or V.11)
5 Port Ethernet 10/100 Switch
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Overview 1-3
The second WAN option is not available when configuring E1/T1 with an ISDN backup.
The dual LAN configuration is not available when configuring E1/T1 with an ISDN
backup.
Applications
FCD-IPM is the solution for several different applications. Order your unit
according to your specific application requirements. FCD-IPM can be used as a
router for the office LAN to access the Internet/Intranet and at the same time
control access from the local PBX to the E1/T1 line. FCD-IPM can also have up to
twelve telephones connected directly to the unit for those applications where a
PBX is not present. The following is a list of application options for
FCD-IPM:
FCD-IPM with PBX and LAN - In the application shown in Figure 1-1,
FCD-IPM supports a single LAN connection to the Internet/Intranet and voice
connectivity to the PSTN.
VOICE
LAN
LAN
Figure 1-1. FCD-IPM with PBX and LAN
FCD-IPM with four Telephones and LAN – In the application shown in
Figure 1-2, FCD-IPM supports four individual telephones connected to the
carrier, and a LAN connection to the Internet/Intranet.
VOICE
LAN
FXS FXS
x4 x4
PABX/PBX
Figure 1-2. FCD-IPM with Eight Telephones and LAN over SHDSL
Note
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-4 Overview
Features
E1/T1 Main Link
E1/T1 Integrated Access Device (IAD) for Internet/Intranet and voice connectivity
E1 over 2-wire SHDSL link optional
Integral E1 with or without LTU or Integral T1 CSU/DSU
Optional sub-E1/T1 drop and insert port for PABX connectivity
Fail-safe bypass for the sub-E1/T1 link
Optional fiber optic uplink.
Integrated Router
IP and IPX routing and standard bridging
Supports Frame Relay, PPP and MLPPP
One or two Ethernet ports or one Fast Ethernet port
Optional dial-up or integrated ISDN backup
PAP/CHAP authentication
Solid Firewall protection
NAT and Single IP address translation
DHCP server and relay
OSPF Protocol
Quick setup and configuration
In-band and out-of-band remote management
SNMP and Telnet support
Dual management authorization levels (carrier/user)
FLASH memory for software and parameter file downloading
Remote software and parameter file download.
Ethernet/Fast Ethernet Switch
Built-in 4-port switch with 1Mb buffer with Auto-polarity and auto-negotiation.
Data
Optional second data port (transparent n x 64/56 or serial router port).
Voice
Supports twelve analog voice channels
PCM encoded, A-Law or µ-Law
Optional interfaces: 2-wire FXS, 2-wire FXO, or 4-wire or 2-wire E&M.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Functional Description 1-5
1.2 Physical Description
FCD-IPM units are delivered completely assembled. The units are designed for
desktop installation, or to be mounted in a 19-inch rack. Installation procedures
for FCD-IPM models and respective versions are provided in Chapter 2.
Figure 1-3 shows a 3-D diagram of FCD-IPM.
Figure 1-3. FCD-IPM General View
Controls and indicators of the various versions of FCD-IPM and their functions are
described in Chapter 3. The LED indicators on the front panel indicate the
operating status of FCD-IPM. Various indicators display status of user’s data port,
status of data activity in user’s data connector, and alert conditions. For a
description of the front panel, refer to Chapter 3.
The power and interface connectors are located on the rear panel of FCD-IPM.
For a description of the rear panel, refer to Chapter 2.
The internal jumpers of FCD-IPM are set according to options ordered. The only
jumper that you may need to set is the BAL/UNBAL jumper. The factory setting for
this jumper is BAL. For more information about setting jumpers, refer to Chapter 2.
1.3 Functional Description
This section describes the main and sublink characteristics, the data and voice
channel interfaces, timing considerations, time slot handling, integrated IP router
and management of FCD-IPM. Figure 1-4 shows a functional block diagram for
FCD-IPM.
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-6 Functional Description
ISDN or
Serial
Port
LAN 1
Mux
LAN 2
Router
Main
Link Sublink Voice
Port n x 64 kbps
Switch
Figure 1-4. FCD-IPM Functional Block Diagram
FCD-IPM can be ordered in several configuration options. The main link is always
E1/T1 (E1 over SHDSL), and there is always at least one LAN link. The other
interfaces may be a sub E1/T1 link, analog voice, ISDN backup, n x 64 data port,
or router port.
Main Link and Sublink Characteristics
The FCD-IPM E1 main and sublink meet the requirements of ITU-T Rec. G.703,
G.704, G.706, G.732, and G.823, and support 256N and 256S multiframes
(2 or 16 frames per multiframe, respectively), in accordance with ITU-T Rec.
G.704. For FCD-IPM T1 versions the main and sublink comply to AT&T TR62411
and ANSI T1.403 standards, and support D4 and ESF framing.
The framed mode and use of the CRC-4 function are user-selectable.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Functional Description 1-7
The main and sublinks have two line interfaces:
120 balanced line interface, terminated in an RJ-48C eight-pin (ISO 10173)
connector
75 unbalanced interface, terminated in two BNC coaxial connectors
T1 versions have a 100 balanced interface.
You can select the E1 interface to activate the LTU option. With the T1 version,
you can choose to activate CSU or DSU.
When a power failure occurs, the failsafe bypass of the sub E1/T1 link ensures the
continuity of voice services between the main and the fix sublink.
The fail-safe bypass of the E1/T1 sub-link is not available for the FCD-IPM units
equipped with SHDSL interface.
E1 over SHDSL
E1 traffic can also be transmitted using 2-wire SHDSL physical interface. The
SHDSL link uses TC-PAM technology and complies with the requirements of the
ITU-T G.991.2 standard. Table 1-1 lists typical FCD-IPM ranges over 2-wire
24 AWG line.
Table 1-1. Typical FCD-IPM Ranges over SHDSL Link
Data Rate 2-wire, 24 AWG (0.5 mm)
kbps km miles
192 6.5 4.0
384 5.8 3.6
512 5.1 3.1
768 4.8 2.9
1024 4.1 2.5
1152 3.5 2.1
2048 3.2 1.9
IO Data Channel Interfaces
Each of the two IO data channels can be operated as n x 64k or n x 56k data port
(DCE only).
System Timing Considerations
Internally, FCD-IPM uses one system timing source (clock). This system clock
determines the transit timing of all the E1 links and data ports. The clock source
options are as follows:
Main link 1
Sublink (each of them)
Internal.
Note
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-8 Functional Description
Time Slot Handling
FCD-IPM allows the user to configure each of the individual time slots freely
according to the following options:
Data link1 – for data from router/bridge
FIX SUB Voice – for voice from sublink
FIX SUB Data – for data from sublink
FIX Voice (1, 2, 3, 4) – for analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
I/O1 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4) – for analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
I/O2 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4) – for analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
I/O1 SUB Data – for data from sublink
I/O2 SUB Data – for data from sublink
I/O1 SUB Voice – for voice from sublink
I/O2 SUB Voice – for voice from sublink
I/O1 Channel – for n x 64/56 data port
I/O2 Channel – for n x 64/56 data port.
For more information on configuring time slots, refer to Chapter 4.
Integrated Router
IP Router
FCD-IPM as an IP router supports:
Static IP net configuration
Dynamic IP net learning using RIP and RIP-2 protocols
CIDR topologies
Multiple IP nets on the LAN
Numbered and unnumbered interfaces
IP fragmentation
RIP1, RIP2 & OSPF Routing Protocols.
IPX Router
FCD-IPM also supports standard IPX routing that includes support for RIP and SAP.
Bridging
FCD-IPM supports bridging. The bridge is used to interconnect a number of LANs
by accessing layer 2 (MAC layer). FCD-IPM automatically extends the scope of any
interface, allowing the interface to interconnect several networks, providing that all
supported interfaces are set to bridge mode.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Functional Description 1-9
FCD-IPM interconnects:
Any LAN to link
Two LANs of the same Bridge
Two LANs and link.
FCD-IPM interconnects all of its interfaces to one extended LAN.
FCD-IPM supports standard bridging, as specified in IEEE 802.1D, and can operate
opposite any other third party bridge. Spanning Tree Algorithm is not supported.
Bridging works over PPP, Frame Relay RFC-1490 and also a ‘Native’ protocol.
MAC frames pass in an HDLC format.
Protocols
FCD-IPM supports:
PPP (Point to Point Protocol) – this protocol supports a variety of links and
connection options
Frame Relay – a network interface, which provides high-speed frame or packet
transmission with minimum delay and maximum bandwidth utilization.
Management
FCD-IPM features a variety of inband and out-of-band management options. These
options include dedicated time slot, dedicated DLCI, and dial-in connectivity.
You can manage the following capabilities:
FCD-IPM configuration
Viewing FCD-IPM status
Testing FCD-IPM
Viewing alarm status and history.
The management functions are performed via:
SNMP management – enables management using the RADview or any other
standard SNMP-based management systems.
Telnet – enables a remote IP host to control the operation of FCD-IPM using
functions identical to those provided by a supervision terminal.
Supervision terminal – an ASCII terminal connected to the RS-232 control port
of FCD-IPM (or a PC running a terminal emulation program) can be used as a
supervision terminal.
Undesired access to FCD-IPM via Telnet or SNMP can be blocked by the firewall,
or password protected. The dual-level management authentication allows access to
router configuration parameters while restricting the access to network
configuration parameters.
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-10 Functional Description
Software download is available via the control port using XMODEM and via
LAN/WAN using TFTP. Parameter file download and upload is available via LAN or
WAN using TFTP.
FCD-IPM has an alarm history memory that holds the up to 100 alarms.
Management Using Dedicated Time Slot (DTS)
FCD-IPM features out-of-band management through a dedicated time slot.
The DTS is a management channel that connects directly to the FCD-IPM host
using a separate IP interface, i.e. address, and operates as an additional WAN
interface connected to the management IP network.
This management channel is totally separated from the IP traffic that the integrated
router forwards, so there is no way to expose the manager IP network to
unauthorized IP users.
The DTS channel should be synchronized with other equipment such as a cross
connect unit or router. This can be done with standard WAN protocols such as
Frame Relay and PPP.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Technical Specifications 1-11
1.4 Technical Specifications
E1 Link Interface Framing Options 256N (no MF, CCS)
256N (no MF, CCS) with CRC-4
256S (TS16 MF, CAS)
256S (TS16 MF, CAS) with CRC-4
Bit Rate 2.048 Mbps
Line Code AMI
Zero Suppression HDB3
Line Impedance Balanced interface: 120
Unbalanced interface: 75
Signal Levels Receive level:
FCD-IPM with LTU: 0 to –30 dB
FCD-IPM without LTU: 0 to –12 dB
Transmit level:
Balanced interface: ±3V ±10%
Unbalanced interface: ±2.37V ±10%
Jitter Performance As per ITU-T Rec. G.823
Connectors Balanced interface: RJ-48c 8-pin connector
Unbalanced interface: Two BNC coaxial
connectors
Compliance ITU G.703, G.704, G.706, G.732
Diagnostics User activated local and remote loopbacks
T1 Link Interface Framing Options D4
ESF
Bit Rate 1.544 Mbps
Line Code AMI
Zero Suppression Transparent
B7ZS
B8ZS
Impedance Balanced: 100
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-12 Technical Specifications
Signal Level Receive level:
FCD-IPM with CSU: 0 to –36 dB
FCD-IPM without CSU: 0 to –10 dB
Transmit level:
FCD-IPM with CSU: 0, -7.5, -15,
-22.5 dB
FCD-IPM without CSU: soft adjustable at
0 to 655 ft.
Jitter Performance As per AT&T TR-62411
Connectors Balanced interface: RJ-48c 8-pin connector
Unbalanced interface: two BNC coaxial
connectors
Compliance AT&T TR62411, ANSI T1.403
Diagnostics User available local and remote loopbacks
Network activated loops and FDL loops
(RLB, LLB)
SHDSL Interface Type 2-wire unconditioned dedicated line
Line Coding TC-PAM
Range See Table 1-1
Impedance 135
Connector RJ-45
Protection ITU K.21, UL1950
Analog Voice Number of Voice
Channels
4 per card
Modulation Method PCM (per ITU-T G.711 and AT&T
PUB-43801)
µ-Law or A-Law
Interfaces E&M: 2-wire or 4-wire, supporting different
types of E&M signaling: RS-464 Types I, II,
III, and V, and BT SSDC5, configured by
software
FXS: Loop start, WINK start (reverse polarity)
for direct connection to a 2-wire telephone
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Technical Specifications 1-13
FXO: Loop start, WINK start (reverse polarity)
for connection to a 2-wire telephone
exchange subscriber line
Nominal level: 0 dBm
Nominal impedance: 600
Return loss (ERL): Better than 18 dB
Frequency response: (Ref: 1020 Hz)
±0.5 dB, 300 to 3000 Hz
±1.1 dB, 250 to 3400 Hz
Signal to total distortion, G.712, G.713
method 2:
0 to –30 dBm0, better than 33 dB
+3 to –45 dBm0, better than 22 dB
Idle channel noise: Better than –70 dBm0
(+20 dBrnc)
Transformer isolation: 1500 VRMS
Diagnostics Remote analog loopback towards the remote
side, activated from local side
1kHz tone injection towards analog side
Activity indicators
ISDN Interfaces ISDN BRI, “S” and “U”
Compliance ETS 300012
I.430
NT1
5ESS
DMS-100
NI1
WAN Protocols Types Frame Relay – RFC 1490
PPP and MLPPP
Routing Types STATIC
RIP-1
RIP-2
RIP/SAP
OSPF
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-14 Technical Specifications
LAN Interface Number of Ports 1 or 2
Standards Conforms to Ethernet/IEEE 802.3
Types 10Base2 with BNC coax connector
10BaseT with RJ-45 connector
Internal Ethernet/Fast
Ethernet Switch
Interface 10/100 BaseT
Number of Ports Four
Data Port Interfaces Interfaces/Connectors V.35 with 34-pin female via adapter cable
V.24/RS-232 or RS-530 with 25-pin D-type
female
X.21 with 15-pin D-type female via adapter
cable
V.36/RS-422 with 37-pin D-type female via
adapter cable
Fiber Optic Interfaces Interface Options 850 nm LED
1300 nm LED
1300 nm laser diode
1550 nm laser diode
Connectors ST
FC/PC
SC
Compliance ITU G.921, G.956
Indicators Power indicator (green)
Ready (green)
LINK (green)
100M (green)
LINK data (yellow)
LINK error (red)
RED alarm (red – T1 only)
YEL alarm (yellow – T1 only)
LOC sync loss indicator (red – E1 only)
REM sync loss indicator (red – E1 only)
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 1 Introduction
Technical Specifications 1-15
General
Physical Height
Width
Depth
Weight
4.37 cm/1.7 in (1U)
44.0 cm/17.3 in
23.53 cm/9.25 in
5 kg/11 lb
Installation Kit RM-34 (for 19-inch Rack)
Power Supply voltage 100–240 VAC, 50 to 60 Hz, 25 VA max
24/48 VDC
Power consumption 12W
Environment Temperature
Humidity
0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F)
Up to 90%, non-condensing
Chapter 1 Introduction FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
1-16 Technical Specifications
Site Requirements & Prerequisites 2-1
Chapter 2
Installation and Setup
This chapter provides instructions for mechanical and electrical installation of the
FCD-IPM unit.
After installation, you must configure the unit before further operation. Refer to
Chapter 4 for basic and advanced configuration instructions. In case a problem is
encountered, refer to Chapter 5 for test and diagnostics instructions.
No internal settings, adjustment, maintenance, and repairs may be performed
by either the operator or the user; such activities may be performed only by a
skilled technician who is aware of the hazards involved. Always observe
standard safety precautions during installation, operation, and maintenance of
this product.
2.1 Site Requirements & Prerequisites
Install AC powered FCD-IPM units within 1.5m (5 feet) of an easily accessible,
grounded AC outlet capable of furnishing the nominal supply voltage, 115 or
230 VAC. DC powered units require a 24 or -48 VDC power source.
Allow at least 90 cm (36 inches) of frontal clearance for operator access. Allow at
least 10 cm (4 inches) clearance at the rear for interface cable connections. The
ambient operating temperature of FCD-IPM is 0° to 50°C (32° to 122°F), at a
relative humidity of up to 90%, non-condensing.
The FCD-IP units are cooled by free air convection therefore in rack installation it is
necessary to leave sufficient space (at least 1U) above and below each unit to
enable free airflow.
Warning
Note
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
2-2 Installation and Setup
2.2 Package Contents
Inspect the equipment package before unpacking. Note and report damage
immediately. The FCD-IPM package includes the following items:
FCD-IPM unit
Multiservice Access Devices and Intelligent CLEs CD
CBL-RJ45/D9/F/6FT configuration cable
Interface adapter cable in accordance with your order
AC power cable or DC power connection kit.
2.3 Equipment Needed
The cables you need depend on the application. Cables terminated in appropriate
connectors provide support for the following data port interfaces:
V.35 interface: the interface adapter cable ends in a 34-pin female connector
V.36/422 interface: the interface adapter cable ends in a 37-pin D-type
female connector
V.24/RS-232 or RS-530 interface: the interface adapter cable ends in a 25-pin
D-type female connector
X.21 interface: the interface adapter cable ends in a 15 pin D-type female
connector.
2.4 Installation and Setup
The FCD-IPM units are delivered completely assembled. The units are designed
for desktop installation.
For installation of FCD-IPM in a 19-inch rack, the RM-34 rack mount kit is
available. For rack installation instructions, refer to the Rack Mounting Kit for
19-inch Racks guide that comes with the RM kit.
Installation procedures for FCD-IPM are provided in the following paragraphs.
Setting Internal Jumpers and Switches
Only the BAL/UNBAL jumpers, whose locations are shown in Figure 2-1, are
meant for user adjustment. All other internal jumpers are factory set according to
the specific ordering requirements and are not designed for user access. The
factory setting for the BAL/UNBAL jumpers is BAL. Before setting these jumpers,
open the FCD-IPM case.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
Installation and Setup 2-3
YES
UN
YES
NO
BAL
NO
F-GND
RX-G
BAL UN
J3
J6
J7
J8
J1
J4
BAL UN
NO
FOR FLOATING
RX PATH
YES
FOR
NON FLOATING
RX PATH
Factory Setting:
YES
Factory Setting:
NO
For E1 and T1 Interfaces - JUMPER J4
Figure 2-1. Location of Internal BAL/UNBAL Jumpers
Fuses
The AC version of FCD-IPM has a user-replaceable fuse rated at 1A slow blow.
The fuse is accessible by opening the fuse cover located just above the power
connector on the rear panel.
Replace fuses only with fuses having identical ratings.
Caution
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
2-4 Interfaces and Connections
2.5 Interfaces and Connections
Figure 2-2 shows a general diagram of the rear panels of AC-powered and
DC-powered FCD-IPM units, and identifies the different optional connector
locations.
Sub Link
Location
Main Link Location
Power
Connector
P
O
W
E
R
E1
T1
SHDSL
Options
Options
Blank
V.24
V.35
X.21
V.36
Rs530
Options
Blank
E1
T1
FXS
FXO
E&M
ISDN “U”
ISDN “S”
Options
Blank
E1
T1
FXS
FXO
E&M
VXX
Ethernet Switch
Options
Blank
E1
T1
FXS
FXO
E&M
VXX
Ethernet Switch
LAN 1
:
10/100BaseT
10Base2
Options
LAN 2
:
Blank
10BaseT
10Base2
4-port Ethernet/
Fast Ethernet Switch
AC
DC
Options
IO Data Channel
IO Data Channel
Data Port
Figure 2-2. FCD-IPM Rear Panel
E1/T1 Link Connections
FCD-IPM E1/T1 link has a RJ-48c eight-pin connector for the balanced HDB3
interface, and two BNC connectors for the unbalanced HDB3 interface.
Appendix A provides the pin allocation for the RJ-48c connector.
Connect the E1/T1 link cables to the connector(s) corresponding to the interface in
use.
Do not connect to both the balanced and unbalanced connectors!
When using the balanced interface, connect to the RJ-45 connector.
When using the unbalanced interface, connect to the two BNC connectors
designated TX/Out and RX/In. Make sure the receive and transmit cables are
connected to the TX/Out and RX/In connectors properly.
IO Data Channel Connections
The FCD-IPM user data port has several possible interface connectors. A listing of
the connectors is given in Equipment Needed on page 2-2.
Connect the DTE link cable to the user data port connector. For more information
on pin allocation, refer to Appendix A.
Caution
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 2 Installation and Setup
Interfaces and Connections 2-5
Control Port Connection
The FCD-IPM control port is located on the front panel. Connect the ASCII
terminal to this port. For more information on connecting to the control port, refer
to Connecting to the ASCII Terminal in Chapter 3.
Connecting the Power
For your protection, FCD-IPM must always be grounded. Any interruption of the
protective (grounding) conductor (inside or outside the instrument) or
disconnecting the protective earth terminal can make this instrument dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
BEFORE POWERING UP AN AC POWERED FCD-IPM, the protective earth
terminals of this instrument must be connected to the protective conductor of
the (mains) power cord. The mains plug shall only be inserted in a socket
outlet provided with a protective ground (earth) contact. The protective action
must not be negated by use of an extension cord (power cable) without a
protective conductor (grounding).
Make sure that only fuses with the required rated current and of the specified
type, as marked on the FCD-IPM rear panel, are used for replacement. Use of
repaired fuses and short-circuiting of fuse holders is forbidden.
Whenever it is likely that the protection offered by fuses has been impaired,
the instrument must be made inoperative and be secured against any
unintended operation.
AC Power Connection
AC power should be supplied to FCD-IPM through the 1.5m (5 feet) standard
power cable terminated by a standard 3-prong plug.
To connect the AC power:
1. Check that the ON/OFF switch on the FCD-IPM rear panel is set to OFF.
2. Connect the power cable to the connector on the FCD-IPM rear panel.
3. Connect the power cable to the mains outlet.
DC Power Connection
To connect the DC power:
1. Check that the ON/OFF switch on the FCD-IPM rear panel is set to OFF.
2. Connect the power cable to the DC power connector.
Constraints
Do not hot swap the FCD-IPM modular IO data channel cards. A card must be
added to or removed from an IO slot when the power is off ONLY.
Warning
Warning
Chapter 2 Installation and Setup FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
2-6 Interfaces and Connections
Indicators 3-1
Chapter 3
Operation
In this chapter you will find detailed operating instructions for FCD-IPM. It
includes:
Description of indicators
Operating procedures (turn-on, front-panel indications, and turn-off)
Connection to ASCII terminal
Login.
Refer to Chapter 6 for diagnostic and troubleshooting instructions.
3.1 Introduction
FCD-IPM is designed for unattended operation. After initial power-up, and prior to
use, you must configure a basic set-up for FCD-IPM. For more information about
configuration, refer to Chapter 4.
3.2 Indicators
Front Panel Indicators
Figure 3-1 shows the location of front panel indicators for one of the various
FCD-IPM versions.
Figure 3-1. FCD-IPM Front Panel
Table 3-1 lists the functions of the controls and indicators located on the front
panel of FCD-IPM.
Chapter 3 Operation FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
3-2 Indicators
Table 3-1. Front Panel Indicator Functions
Object Description Function
POWER Green LED ON when FCD-IPM is powered on.
READY/LOOP Green LED ON when packets can be transferred.
Blinks – a loopback is active on E1, T1 or SHDSL link
LAN 1 DATA
LAN 2 DATA
Yellow LED ON when a packet is received or transmitted on the
LAN side.
LAN 1 ERR
LAN 2 ERR
Red LED ON when a LAN interface indicates an error.
LINK 1 DATA
LINK 2 DATA
Yellow LED Turns ON briefly when a packet is received or
transmitted on the LINK side.
LINK1 ERR
LINK2 ERR
Red LED OFF when there is a physical connection and no LINK
interface error.
Turns ON briefly when LINK interface indicates an
error.
Continuously ON when there is no physical connection.
LINK1 RED
ALARM
Red LED ON when T1 link is in RED ALARM.
Local unit lost frame synchronization for more than
2.5 consecutive seconds.
SUB RED
ALARM
Red LED ON when one of the T1 sub link is in RED ALARM.
Sub link of the local unit lost frame synchronization for
more than 2.5 consecutive seconds.
LINK1
YELLOW
ALARM
Yellow LED ON when one of the T1 sub link is in YELLOW ALARM.
Yellow alarm signal is sent from Remote Unit to inform
the local unit that a RED ALARM exists at the remote
end.
SUB YELLOW
ALARM
Yellow LED ON when one of the T1 sub link is in YELLOW ALARM.
Yellow alarm signal is sent from Remote Unit to inform
the sub link of the local unit that a RED ALARM exists at
the remote end.
LINK1 LOC
SYNC LOSS
Red LED ON when E1 link is in local sync loss alarm.
Local unit lost frame synchronization for more than 2.5
consecutive seconds.
SUB LOC
SYNC LOSS
Red LED ON when one of the E1 sub link is in local sync loss
alarm.
Sub link of the local unit lost frame synchronization for
more than 2.5 consecutive seconds.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 3 Operation
Operating Instructions 3-3
Table 3-1. Front Panel Indicator Functions (Cont.)
Object Description Function
LINK1 REM
SYNC LOSS
Red LED ON when E1 link is in remote sync loss alarm.
Remote sync loss signal is sent from Remote Unit to
inform the local unit that a sync loss exists at the remote
end.
SUB REM
SYNC LOSS
Red LED ON when one of the E1 sub link is in remote sync loss
alarm.
Remote sync loss signal is sent from Remote Unit to
inform the sub link of the local unit that a sync loss
exists at the remote end.
Rear Panel Indicators
Table 3-2. Rear Panel Indicator Functions
Object Description Function
LINK Green LED ON – LAN is connected to LAN1 or LAN2 connector or
to one of the Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switch ports.
100M Green LED ON – LAN speed is 100M
OFF – LAN speed is 10M
3.3 Operating Instructions
Turning On
In order for the unit to function, you must provide FCD-IPM with a setup
configuration. You configure the unit after the initial power-up stage.
To turn on FCD-IPM:
Set the power switch on the rear panel to ON.
FCD-IPM performs a self-test. All the FCD-IPM indicators should light up.
Confirm that all are operating. Following the test, all indicators except PWR
and READY turn off.
FCD-IPM is now ready for configuration. Refer to Chapter 4, for quick setup and
advanced configuration instructions.
Normal Indications
During normal operation the POWER indicator lights up, and the READY indicator
lights up when packets can be transferred. Additional indications are:
The LAN DATA indicator lights when a packet is received or transmitted on
the LAN side
Chapter 3 Operation FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
3-4 Operating Instructions
The LINK DATA indicator lights when a packet is received or transmitted on
the LINK side.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 3 Operation
Connecting to the ASCII Terminal 3-5
Fault Indications
If a fault occurs, the following alarm indicators light up, and data transfer may be
interrupted:
LAN ERR indicator lights when LAN interface indicates an error
LINK ERR indicator lights when LINK interface indicates an error
RED ALARM indicator lights when T1 interface detects red alarm
YELLOW ALARM indicator lights when T1 interface detects yellow alarm
LOC SYNC LOSS indicator lights when the E1 interface detects local sync loss
REM SYNC LOSS indicator lights when the E1 interface detects remote sync
loss.
To obtain additional information, observe the state of the other indicators and
then refer to Chapter 6 for troubleshooting information:
Turning Off
Set the FCD-IPM power switch, on the rear panel of the unit, to OFF.
3.4 Connecting to the ASCII Terminal
FCD-IPM features a setup program that is invoked and run from an ASCII terminal
or a PC emulator. The terminal/terminal emulator is connected to the RJ-45
CONTROL port on the FCD-IPM front panel (see Figure 3-2).
Connecting the Terminal Emulator
To connect the terminal emulator:
1. Attach the cable to the RS-232 port on the PC.
2. Attach the other end of the cable to the CONTROL port on the FCD-IPM front
panel.
Chapter 3 Operation FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
3-6 Connecting to the ASCII Terminal
Figure 3-2. Connecting to Terminal Emulator
To setup the terminal:
1. Set the terminal to work at a baud rate of 9.6 kbps, No Parity, 8 Data Bits.
2. Set the hardware control to OFF.
3. Switch on FCD-IPM.
The operational screen is displayed.
To initiate the login message:
Press <Enter> several times.
Password Protection
Using a password prevents unauthorized personnel from changing configuration
parameters.
Before you can access any configuration menus you will be prompted for login.
To logon:
Enter the correct password. The factory default password is 1234.
The password can be changed or removed during configuration. For more
information, refer to Chapter 4.
1. Use of Password protection for the configuration module is recommended.
Always use the Exit option in the Main Menu once the unit has been
configured. Using the Exit option will force personnel requiring access to the
configuration module to use password.
2. Password verification is case sensitive. Once the password is set, use the same
case that you used when typing in the password.
3. To enable E1/T1 parameter configuration the supervisor password must be
used. Using the login password disables E1/T1 menu viewing.
Notes
Overview 4-1
Chapter 4
Configuration
Topics covered in this chapter include:
Overview of configuration menus
Main menu
Quick setup menu
Security menu
Advanced setup menu
Download software/upload device parameters
View menu
Diagnostic tools menu.
4.1 Overview
The Main Menu has the following options:
Quick setup menu – The Quick Setup menu is used to define the basic
parameters for your FCD-IPM unit. The Quick Setup menu allows you to
adjust setup and link configuration parameters while FCD-IPM is in operation.
Line-by-line prompts guide you throughout the procedure. On-screen
instructions and explanations guide you through the setup procedure. For a
complete description of the Quick Setup menu refer to Section 4.3.
Security setup menu – Use the options in the Security Setup menu to control
FCD-IPM management and entry to your LAN by unauthorized users (refer to
Section 4.4).
Advanced setup menu – The Advanced menu lists FCD-IPM configuration
parameters and their current values. You can change these parameters and
perform advanced configuration operations, not available through the Quick
Setup menu. Resetting the device and software downloads are also performed
via the Advanced Menu (refer to Section 4.5).
View menu – Use the options in the View menu to view configuration screens
and information on interface connections, routing tables and statistics.
Diagnostic Tools menu – Use the Diagnostic Tools menu to verify WAN and
LAN connectivity. The Ping feature allows you to request another user on the
LAN or WAN. If the remote user replies, connectivity is confirmed up to and
including the IP level.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-2 Quick Setup Menu
Exit – Select this option to return to the Operational Status Messages screen. In
this mode you can view real-time information about the unit’s activities.
4.2 Main Menu
Figure 4-1 shows the Main Menu options.
The name of the device connected to the terminal (FCD-IPM) is listed at the top of
the screen.
To choose an option from the Main Menu:
Type the number preceding the option.
MAIN MENU (Device name - FCD-IPM)
----------
1. Quick setup
2. Security setup
3. Advanced setup
4. View
5. Diagnostic tools
0. Exit
Press number to select or ESC to return to the previous menu
Figure 4-1. FCD-IPM Main Menu
4.3 Quick Setup Menu
The parameters listed on the Quick Setup Menu include most of FCD-IPM's
internetworking features:
WAN Interface
IP Parameters
Physical connections
Protocol
Routing type.
The Quick Setup screen presents messages that prompt you to accept or modify
the current parameters. The parameter options are enclosed in brackets [ ].
To access the Quick Setup Menu:
1. In the Main menu, press 1.
The Quick Setup menu appears, showing the first parameter, Link Status.
To accept the current parameter:
Press <Enter>.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Quick Setup Menu 4-3
To view the options:
Toggle with the space bar and press ENTER.
To enter new information:
1. Type in the new parameters.
2. Press <Enter>.
To change the existing value:
Press <Backspace>.
After all parameters have been accepted or changed, you can view them on the
screen. A confirmation message appears requesting that you confirm all the setup
changes. The device may reset after saving these changes.
To configure the setup parameters:
1. From the Main Menu, select option 1, Quick Setup.
2. Follow the on-screen instructions to accept or modify the setup parameters.
3. Press Y to save the setup parameters.
Quick Setup Parameters
The Quick Setup menu contains both general parameters and those parameters
specific to the interfaces installed. This section organizes the parameters into
various categories. The screen for each interface and a description of the options
in the Quick Setup menu can be found in the sections that follow. Refer to the
section that applies to the interface you ordered.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-4 Quick Setup Menu
Table 4-1. Quick Setup Parameters
Parameters Type Options
WAN Parameters General Link status
Link mode
Routing
Protocol
WAN IP Address (for IP Router
only)
WAN IP Mask (for IP Router only).
E1/T1 E1/T1 Configuration
Frame Relay DCLI number
ISDN Protocol (ISDN)
Bandwidth
Connection Type
Channel A – Destination Phone No.
Channel B – Destination Phone No.
Connection.
V24 Async Modem Type
Baud Rate
LAN Parameters General LAN Status
LAN IP Address
LAN IP Mask
Default Gateway
Default Gateway Interface
Routing
Security
Parameters
Device Access Name
Password
Security Type
The Quick Setup Menu varies according to the options of FCD-IPM that you have
ordered. The following pages illustrate some of the Quick Setup menus that are
available.
The fields in the Quick Setup screens are described below.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Quick Setup Menu 4-5
Quick Setup Menu Examples
The following pages illustrate some of the Quick Setup menus, dependent upon
the interface that has been ordered.
Quick Setup for T1 (PPP, IP)
Figure 4-2 shows the Quick Setup menu for T1.
QUICK SETUP
-----------
WARNING: This device automatically exits to Operational
Messages 10 minutes after last keyboard action without
saving parameters
'ENTER' - Accept parameter , 'SPACE' - Change parameter.
WAN interface Link 1 - T1
Link status : [Enable]
Link mode : [Synchronous]
Routing : [IP ROUTER], Protocol: [PPP]
WAN IP address : 10.0.0.1, enter new : 10.0.0.1
WAN IP mask : 255.255.255.252, enter new: 255.255.255.252
Do you want to configure the T1 Interface parameters (Y/N)?:
Host IP setup:
LAN Status : [Enable]
LAN IP address : 192.168.1.1, enter new : 192.168.1.1
LAN IP mask : 255.255.255.000, enter new : 255.255.255.000
Default gateway setting by: [Interface]
Default gateway interface: 1
SECURITY Setup
Device access name : FCD-IPM
No password at present – do you want to create password (Y/N)?: [N]
Security type : [Disabled]
Saving the changes might cause RESET the unit.
Do you want to save QUICK SETUP (Y/N)? Y
Figure 4-2. T1 Interface Quick Setup Screen
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-6 Quick Setup Menu
Quick Setup for E1 (PPP, IP) + ISDN (Backup, 128K, PPP, IP)
Figure 4-3 shows the Quick Setup menu for E1.
QUICK SETUP
-----------
WARNING: This device automatically exits to Operational
Messages 10 minutes after last keyboard action without
saving parameters
'ENTER' - Accept parameter , 'SPACE' - Change parameter.
WAN interface Link 1 - E1
Link status : [Enable]
Link mode : [Synchronous]
Routing : [IP ROUTER], Protocol: [PPP]
WAN IP address : 10.0.0.1, enter new : 10.0.0.1
WAN IP mask : 255.255.255.252, enter new: 255.255.255.252
Do you want to configure the E1 Interface parameters (Y/N)?:
WAN interface Link 2/CH1 – BRI
Link status : [Backup] to interface: [LINK 1]
Routing : [IP ROUTER], Protocol: [PPP]
WAN IP address : 0.0.0.0, enter new : 0.0.0.
Protocol : [ETSI]
Bandwidth : [128]
Connection Type : [Originate only]
Channel A – Destination phone number: 1234
Channel B – Destination phone number: 5678
Connection : [Always]
Host IP setup:
LAN Status : [Enable]
LAN IP address : 192.168.1.1, enter new : 192.168.1.1
LAN IP mask : 255.255.255.000, enter new : 255.255.255.000
Default gateway setting by: [Interface]
Default gateway interface: [LINK 1]
SECURITY Setup
Device access name : FCD-IPM
No password at present – do you want to create password (Y/N)?: [N]
Security type: [Disabled]
Saving the changes might cause the unit to RESET.
Do you want to save QUICK SETUP (Y/N) ? N
Figure 4-3. E1 Interface Quick Setup Screen
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Quick Setup Menu 4-7
WAN Settings
Set this parameter for the WAN configuration.
Table 4-2. WAN Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Link Status Enable
Disable
Backup
Transmits and receives frames.
Does not transmit or receive frames. The link may be permanently disabled, for
example, when testing. A disabled line freezes all link operation, including
connection attempts and forwarding.
If a link is defined as backup to another, then whenever the main link operates
normally, the backup link is disabled. If the main link fails, the backup link begins
to operate and become enabled. You must make sure that the routing settings are
correct so that traffic will be forwarded to the desired destination via the backup
link. When you restore the main link connection, the backup link becomes
disabled again.
Default : Enable
Link Mode Synchronous
Frame Relay
Asynchronous
Data bits are transmitted at a fixed rate. The sender and the receiver are
synchronized
A packet-switching protocol for connecting devices on a WAN.
Data bits are transmitted at a fixed rate. The sender and the receiver are not
synchronized.
Routing IP, IPX, Bridge
Any combination
of these link
types.
Assigns the link forwarding type.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-8 Quick Setup Menu
Table 4-2. WAN Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Protocol PPP
RFC-1490
Point to Point Protocol. PPP consists of 3 components:
Encapsulation method – for IP datagrams on a serial link PPP supports HDLC
synchronous links.
LCP – Link control procedure to establish, configure, and test the data-link
connection. Having an LCP allows each end to negotiate various options.
NCP(s) – A family of network control protocols specific to different network layer
protocols. The NCPs allow each end to configure network control parameters.
PPP is often used across slow serial lines. It is therefore important to reduce the
number of bytes per frame in order to reduce the latency time. Using LCP, most
implementations negotiate to omitting the constant address and control fields and
reducing the size of the protocol fields from 2 bytes to 1 byte. In addition, when
using IP NCP, most implementations use Van Jacobson header compression to
reduce the size of IP and TCP headers.
Encapsulation method for carrying network interconnect traffic over a Frame
Relay backbone. RFC-1490 also supports a simple fragmentation procedure for
carrying large frames over a frame relay network with a smaller MTU.
DLCI – Every network interface card (NIC) has a Data Link Communication
Identifier (DLCI) that uniquely identifies the node on the network. DLCI enables
connection to the Frame Relay network without configuring Frame Relay
parameters.
DLCI executes congestion control when an explicit congestion notification is
received for the DLCI from the Frame Relay network. The unit reduces the
transmitted information rate of the DLCI and increases it when the congestion
condition is cleared.
Default : PPP
DLCI Number Sets the DLCI identification number.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Quick Setup Menu 4-9
LAN Settings
Set the parameters in this section for each LAN connection.
Table 4-3. LAN Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
LAN Status Enable
Disable
Transmits and receives frames
Does not transmit or receive frames. Used by system
administrator
Default : Enable
Routing Select this parameter to set the routing option.
Note: This parameter appears for the 2-LAN device only.
LAN IP Address Class A
1.0.0.0 to
127.255.255.255,
Class B
128.0.0.0 to
191.255.255.255,
Class C
192.0.0.0 to
223.255.255.255,
Class D
224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.255
Class E
240.0.0.0 to
247.255.255.255
Select this parameter to enter the IP address. Every device on
a TCP/IP network must have an identification address. The IP
address is a value consisting of the network address and the
host address on that network. The value assigned to a
network depends on the number of computers on that
network.
The IP address is a 32-bit number. The number consists of 4
parts, where each part consists of 3 digits. One part of the
address identifies the network and another part of the
address identifies the host. The numbers in the address,
which identifies the host, depend on the class.
There are 5 classes of IP addresses. Each class represents a
network having a certain number of computers. For example,
a Class C address is given to a network having between 1 to
255 computers.
The numbers in each part of the code are translated into
binary. The binary code identifies the network and the host.
IP addresses are assigned by the Internet Network
Information Center (InterNIC). InterNIC assigns the network
ID. Host IDs are assigned by the network administrator.
LAN IP Mask Select this parameter to enter the IP mask. The mask is
configured automatically from the IP address class. If you want
to change the default mask, enter a new mask. For example,
the IP mask is usually 225.225.225.0. A mask like this would
allow 254 hosts on the LAN. If you want to create a subnet,
which allows 6 users, including FCD-IPM, configure the mask
as 225.225.225.248. on FCD-IPM, as well as each host
included on the subnet (refer to Figure 4-4).
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-10 Quick Setup Menu
Table 4-3. LAN Parameters (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
Default Gateway
Setting
Select this parameter to set the Default Gateway configuration
(see Figure 4-4). The default gateway is the address to which
frames are sent, if no other address is defined in the routing
table.
The default gateway can be an IP address or a WAN interface.
If you choose to use an IP address, enter the address of the
router, which will deliver the frames. Specifying an IP address
for the default gateway is done with shared media, such as LAN
interface. If you choose to use a WAN interface, the connection
to the router is point-to-point. Choose by interface and enter
interface/DLCI number (for Frame Relay).
Warning: It is very important to obtain the correct parameters
from the system administrator or ISP. The most common
problem when establishing an IP connection is incorrect
configuration of the IP parameters and Default Gateway. Do not
try to guess these parameters.
E1/T1 Settings Prompts to perform advanced configuration on the main link
settings – E1 or T1, depending on your unit. By entering YES
you are sent into the Advanced Configuration menu. For more
information, refer to Chapter 5.
LAN IP address 192.168.1.1
Mask 255.255.255.248
IP address
Mask
Default Gateway
192.168.1.2
255.255.255.248
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.3
255.255.255.248
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.4
255.255.255.248
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.6
255.255.255.248
192.168.1.1
192.168.1.5
255.255.255.248
192.168.1.1
FCD-IPM
Figure 4-4. Setting up the IP Mask
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Quick Setup Menu 4-11
ISDN Settings
FCD-IPM is available with ISDN “S” and “U” options.
Table 4-4. ISDN Settings
Parameters Possible Values Description
Protocol (ISDN) Assigns the protocol provided by the ISDN service in your
area. Some additional parameters may be requested
depending on the selected protocol.
Bandwidth 56, 64, 112, 128 kbps Assigns a bandwidth. The bandwidth is the rate at which data
passes through the link. The greater the bandwidth, the more
information can be sent through the link. FCD-IPM allows
you to work with a bandwidth of 56, 64, 112, or 128 kbps.
Selection of 112 or 128 kbps for protocols other than IDSL
means MLPPP will be invoked.
Connection
Type
Answer only
Answer&Originate
Originate only
Specifies the type of connection used to connect to the
Internet or Intranet.
If the link is to be used only for receiving incoming
connections
If the link is to be used for both incoming and out going
connections (not simultaneously)
If the link is to be used for outgoing connections only.
Destination
Phone Number
Defines the phone number used to connect to the Internet or
Intranet. To edit the phone number, erase the number with
the Backspace key and enter the new number. This
parameter appears only when the connection type is
Originate only or Answer&Originate.
Connection Determines when the link between the local LAN and the
Internet should be activated. Selecting any frame for
forwarding, activates the link only when there is traffic to be
sent on the link. Selecting Always keeps the link active,
independent of traffic. The Connection parameter is
important in reducing operating costs.
Frame Relay Settings
You need to set the DCLI number, to allow connection to the Frame Relay
network without setting Frame Relay parameters.
DLCI Number
Select this parameter to set the DLCI number.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-12 Quick Setup Menu
V.24 Async Settings
Two settings that must be made.
Table 4-5. V.24 Async Settings
Parameters Description
Modem Type Select this parameter to select the modem type.
Baud Rate Select this parameter to display the rate at which data is sent between FCD-IPM and
the modem. Use the Space Bar to toggle between the different baud rates. The Quick
Setup default value is recommended for your modem.
Security Settings
This feature provides protection from unauthorized access through the Internet.
Table 4-6. Security Settings
Parameters Description
Device Access
Name
Display the name assigned to FCD-IPM for identification by the Internet Provider. To
change the device access name, type in the new name and press Enter.
Device Access
Password
Assign or updates a password. The password is used to access the Internet.
Security Type Permits access to all users (disable) or restrict access to allow/deny users whose profiles
are defined (enable) in the system.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Security Setup Menu 4-13
4.4 Security Setup Menu
Topics covered in this section include:
Enabling Telnet access
Enabling SMNP access
Enabling/disabling the Solid Firewall
Changing the login password
IP Address translation (NAT).
Diagnostic
Tools
5
View
4
Advanced
Menu
3
Security Setup
2
Quick Setup
1
FIREWALL
Options
IP Address
Translation
Device
Access
Restrictions
21 3
Figure 4-5. Security Setup Menu Outline
The Security Setup menu allows you to control access to FCD-IPM and access to
the LAN. FCD-IPM is protected against unauthorized user access by disabling
access via SNMP and TELNET. The Solid Firewall is used to protect the LAN
against undesired entry.
To access the Security Setup Menu:
1. In the Main menu, press 2.
The Security Setup menu appears (refer to Figure 4-6).
SECURITY SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------
1. Device access restrictions
2. FIREWALL options
3. IP address translation
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-6. Security Setup Menu
The Security Setup options are described below.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-14 Security Setup Menu
Device Access Restriction
Parameters listed on this screen allow you to control access to FCD-IPM
configuration from the control port or from LAN/WAN (via Telnet and SNMP).
Enabling Telnet Access
FCD-IPM supports Telnet. This allows FCD-IPM to be configured and controlled
over the WAN and LAN using TCP/IP.
Access to Telnet requires authentication by the device, using username and
password.
By default, Telnet access to FCD-IPM is disabled to prevent changes being made to
the unit's configuration parameters.
To enable Telnet access:
1. From the Security Setup menu, select option 1, Device Access Restrictions.
2. From the Device Access Restrictions menu, select option 1, TELNET Access
Status and change it to Enable.
3. Select options 2 and 3 to change the User name and Password, if required.
FCD-IPM can now be accessed using your TELNET username and password.
Enabling SNMP Access
By default, access to FCD-IPM via SNMP is disabled. Blocking SNMP access
prevents changes being made to the unit's configuration parameters.
To enable SNMP access:
1. From the Security Setup menu, select option 1, Devise Access Restrictions.
2. From the Devise Access Restrictions menu, select option 4, SNMP Access
Status and change it to Enable.
3. Select options 5, 6, and 7 to change Read, Write and Trap communities, if
required.
FCD-IPM can now be accessed for SNMP operation using the appropriate
communities.
Changing Login Password
Entrance to configuration screens, via terminal from the control port, is set by the
factory default as Protected by Password. The default password is 1234.
To change the password or remove password protection:
1. From the Security Setup menu, select option 1, Device Access Restrictions.
2. From the Device Access Restrictions menu, select option 8, Monitor User
Password.
3. Enter a new value for the Password.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Security Setup Menu 4-15
Supervisor Access
FCD-IPM has the option of dual–level password access. This allows certain menus
to be blocked from a regular user, while permitting a supervisor to access and alter
the parameters of these menus. To use this option, set a Monitor Supervisor
Password.
To set a Monitor Supervisor Password:
1. From the Security Setup menu, select option 1, Device Access Restrictions.
2. From the Device Access Restrictions menu, select option 9, Monitor
Supervisor Password.
Leaving Password blank removes login protection.
Firewall Option
Solid Firewall is a rule-based security mechanism, which monitors incoming and
outgoing traffic and allows or restricts access according to the user-defined criteria
(rules).
You can configure the Solid Firewall to monitor incoming or outgoing traffic on any
WAN and LAN link. The firewall blocks all traffic coming from the unprotected
network segment to the protected section, and allows traffic from protected to
unprotected segments. Only those applications that are enabled via the application
list (e.g. HTTP, FTP, POP3 servers, etc.) are allowed for use. By default, the Solid
Firewall is disabled.
To select the Solid Firewall interface and direction:
1. From the Main menu, select option 2, Security Setup.
2. From the Security Setup menu, select option 2, Firewall Options.
The Firewall Setup menu appears (see Figure 4-8).
3. From the Firewall Setup menu, type 1.
The Firewall Interface menu appears (see Figure 4-9).
4. From the Firewall Interface menu, type A and define the link on which you
intend to set the firewall and traffic type to monitor:
Inbound – The firewall blocks the traffic coming into FCD-IPM via the link
on which the firewall is enabled. The firewall forwards the traffic going out
of the firewall-protected interface to its destination.
Outbound – The firewall blocks the traffic going out of FCD-IPM via the
link on which the firewall is enabled. The firewall grants access to the traffic
coming into FCD-IPM from the network segment attached to the
firewall-protected interface.
5. Press <Esc> and save new values.
Note
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-16 Security Setup Menu
To define the Solid Firewall rules:
1. From the Firewall Setup menu, type 2.
The Firewall Rules menu appears (see Figure 4-10).
2. From the Firewall Rules menu, type A and perform the following:
Define a link on which the rule will be applied
Specify the source IP address range by defining the start and end addresses.
Specify the destination IP address range by defining the start and end
addresses.
Enable the application used by the rule (user defined, Telnet, Ping, HTTP,
FTP, TFTP, POP3, SMTP, SNMP, SNMP Trap, BOOTP/DHCP, DNS Client
to Server, or DNS Server to Server).
If you select a user-defined application, you must specify the following
parameters:
Protocol type: TCP, UPD or ICMP
Minimum and maximum port value for TCP and UDP protocols, or
ICMP message type for ICMP protocol.
3. Press <Esc> and save new firewall rule values.
For example, two LANs are connected to the FCD-IPM 10BaseT ports
(see Figure 4-7). LAN 1 includes company’s Web, mail and FTP servers, which
cab be accessed from the outside. Employees’ PCs sitting on LAN 2 must not
be reached from the outside, but they must be allowed to access the servers.
In order to grant access to LAN 1 and restrict it to LAN 2, you must set up two
firewalls:
Firewall 1
Select interface – main link
Select direction – inbound
Define rule 1 for Web server:
Start and end source IP address – 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255
Start and end destination IP address – 192.111.111.111
Protocol – HTTP.
Define rule 2 for mail server, which is identical to rule 1, except for
destination IP addresses (192.111.111.112) and protocol (SMTP).
Define rule 3 for FTP server, which is identical to rule 1, except for
destination IP addresses (192.111.111.113) and protocol (FTP).
Firewall 2
Select interface – LAN 2
Select direction – outbound.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Security Setup Menu 4-17
FCD-IPM
Users
192.111.111.111192.110.110.0 192.111.111.112 192.111.111.113
Web Server
Firewall 1
Firewall 2
Main Link
LAN 1LAN 2
Outbound
Inbound
Mail Server FTP Server
Figure 4-7. Configuring Firewalls
FIREWALL SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
--------------
1. FIREWALL Interfaces
2. FIREWALL Rules
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-8. Firewall Setup Menu
FIREWALL INTERFACES ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
-------------------
Interface Direction
OPTIONS: A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Select interface: [LINK 1 ]
Select Direction: [Inbound ]
Figure 4-9. Firewall Interfaces Menu
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-18 Security Setup Menu
FIREWALL RULES ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
--------------
Interface Direction
OPTIONS: A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Select interface: [LINK 1 ]
Enter start source IP address: 000.000.000.000
Enter end source IP address : 222.222.222.222
Enter start destination IP address :
Enter end destination IP address :
Select application type: [Telnet ]
Figure 4-10. Firewall Rules Menu
IP Address Translation (NAT)
IP Address Translation allows a NET that uses a private IP Address to connect to
the Public Internet/Intranet (Single IP is one of the IP Address Translation types).
IP ADDRESS TRANSLATION (Device name – FCD-IPM)
----------------------
Type Interface Status Range
OPTIONS: A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 4-11. IP Address Translation Menu
PC#1 PC#2 PC#n
Pubic Internet/
Intranet
"Real IP Addresses"
"Virtual IP Addresses"
FCD-IPM
...
Figure 4-12. IP Address Translation
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Security Setup Menu 4-19
IP Address Translation permits some, or all, PCs on your private LAN to be
represented with legal IP Addresses that are defined on the internet/Intranet (refer
to Figure 4-12).
FCD-IPM supports the IP Address Translation types listed in Table 4-7.
Table 4-7. IP Address Translation (NAT) Settings
Parameters Description
Static Single A PC with its Virtual Address specified will have access to the Internet/Intranet with a legal,
real IP Address. Bidirectional one-to-one access is allowed.
Static Range PCs with their Virtual Addresses within the specified range will have access to the
Internet/Intranet with a legal, real IP Address range. Bidirectional N-to-N access is allowed.
Concurrent A number of PCs (n) with their Virtual Addresses within the specified range will have access,
but only some of them (m) can work simultaneously (m<n). The application must be started
from the private LAN.
Transparent Address translation is not performed for a specified range of IP Addresses. This setup may be
used for the application shown in Figure 4-13.
PAT (Port
Address
Translation)
FCD-IPM connects a UDP or TCP port to a specified IP address. PAT is available for single IP
only.
Single IP The whole Private LAN is represented as a single legal IP Address on Internet/Intranet.
Servers with Legal IP Addresses
for Outgoing Services
Pubic Internet/
Intranet
FCD-IPM
...
PC#1 PC#2 PC#n
Figure 4-13. IP Address Transparent
For Static and Concurrent Address Translation, all PCs on your LAN with IP
Addresses not covered by the listed definitions will not obtain access to the
Internet/Intranet.
You may enter more than one entry of each type.
Each definition in a list may be Enabled or Disabled separately.
Note
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-20 Advanced Setup Menu
4.5 Advanced Setup Menu
The Advanced Menu contains the majority of FCD-IPM configuration parameters.
You can change these parameters and perform advanced configuration operations
that are not available through the Quick Setup menu. Resetting FCD-IPM and
software downloads are also performed via the Advanced Menu.
2
Device Control
1
Setup
Advanced Menu
Figure 4-14. Advanced Menu Outline
To access the Advanced Menu:
In the Main Menu, press 3.
The Advanced Menu appears (refer to Figure 4-15).
ADVANCED MENU (Device name - FCD-IPM)
-------------
1. Setup
2. Device control
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-15. Advanced Menu
The options in the Advanced Menu are:
Setup - used to modify setup parameters
Device Control - used to download the software and parameters, and perform
reset operations.
These options are described in the sections below.
Setup Menu
Refer to Chapter 5 for a detailed description of this option.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Advanced Setup Menu 4-21
Device Control Menu
2Device Control
1
Advanced Menu
1
Software
Download
1. Download
from TFTP
Server
2. XMODEM via
Control Port (BOOT
Manager)
3Download Device
Parameters from
TFTP Server
2Upload Device
Parameters to
TFTP Server
Setup
4
Reset Options
5
Terminal Type
1. Reset Device
2. Reset Link
3. Reset Interface
Module
1. VT-100, VT-200,
VT-220 ANSI
Terminals
2. VT-52, IBM 3101
Terminals
3. Other Terminals
Figure 4-16. Device Control Menu Outline
To access the Device Control menu:
In the Advanced Menu, press 2.
The Device Control menu appears (refer to Figure 4-17).
DEVICE CONTROL (Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------
1. Software download
2. Upload device parameters to TFTP server
3. Download device parameters from TFTP server
4. Reset options
5. Terminal type
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-17. Device Control Menu
The options in the Device Control menu are described below.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-22 Advanced Setup Menu
Software Download
Select this option to download a new software version.
SOFTWARE PARAMETERS IN THE DOWNLOAD (Device name-FCD-IPM)
-----------------------------------
1. Download from TFTP Server
2. XMODEM via control port (BOOT Manager)
3. Download software to ISDN module
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-18. Software Download Menu
FCD-IPM includes a Dual Image Flash, capable of storing two different versions of
software in two different partitions.
Upon reset (or boot, refer to Appendix D), FCD-IPM automatically runs the
program stored in the active partition.
New software versions are loaded into the backup partition. If loading succeeds,
the backup partition becomes active and reset is automatically performed, running
the new software version. If loading fails, however, the device will still be capable
of working, since the Flash partition storing the old version is still active. Refer to
Figure 4-19.
Original
S/W Version
Copy 1
Original
S/W Version
Copy 2
Step 1
Active Partition Backup Partition
Original
S/W Version
New
S/W Version
Step 2
Active Partition Backup Partition
Original
S/W Version
New
S/W Version
Step 3
Backup Partition Active Partition
Figure 4-19. Using the Dual Image Flash
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Advanced Setup Menu 4-23
Control Dual Image Flash by the BOOT Manager. You use the BOOT Manager to
manually define active and backup partition, run backup partition, erase some or
all information from Flash etc. The BOOT Manager is accessible via the above
menu or immediately after resetting the hardware. Refer to Appendix C for a
detailed description of the BOOT Manager.
The options in the Software Download menu are described below.
Download from TFTP Server
TFTP is an IP/UDP client-server application. The unit is a TFTP client. Operating
opposite the client, you need a TFTP server connected to the LAN or WAN
interface via an IP network.
TFTP Client
File
Transfer
TFTP Server
IP Address: 192.168.10.11
Stores file at C:\booting\boot.exe
FCD-IPM
Figure 4-20. Downloading from a TFTP Server
To download a new software version via TFTP server:
1. Select option 1 from the Software Download menu.
Do you want to download new software version? (y/n): Y
TFTP server IP address: 192.168.182.34
New software file name: fcdipm.mbi
Download process will erase the program code
in the second partition of the device.
Upon completion of the download,
the device will be reset automatically.
Press 'S' to start the download process
or
ESC to return to previous menu:
Figure 4-21. Software Download Menu
2. Confirm that the Do You Want To Download New Software Version field is
set to Yes.
3. In the TFTP Server IP Address field, type the IP address of the TFTP server.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-24 Advanced Setup Menu
4. In the New Software File Name field, type the path and file name of the new
software version.
The IP address and the new software version file name can also be defined through
the Setup menu. Refer to Setup at the beginning of the chapter.
5. Press S to start the download process.
During the process, the new program code is downloaded to the Flash backup
partition, thus erasing its previous contents.
Upon completion, the newly downloaded Flash partition becomes active,
while the old version’s partition becomes backup. The device automatically
resets, running the new program stored in the active partition.
During the download process, a counter shows the number of packets that have
passed. Downloading can be interrupted at any time by pressing the ESC key.
XMODEM via Control Port (BOOT Manager)
Use this option to access the BOOT Manager via the control port. Refer to
Appendix B for more information on the Boot Manager.
Upload Device Parameters to TFTP Server
Select this parameter to save device configuration parameters into a file by
uploading to the TFTP server. This operation sends all unit parameters to the TFTP
server and will be saved under a filename that you specify.
IP
FCD-IPM
Parameter File Download/Upload
TFTP Server
Figure 4-22. Downloading/Uploading Parameters
To upload device parameters:
1. Activate the TFTP server application connected to the unit via an IP network.
2. Configure the following IP parameters: IP address, IP mask and IP default
gateway.
3. Select the TFTP upload option.
4. Enter the TFTP server IP address.
5. Assign a name to the configuration file you want to save on the server, for
example V35_file.
6. Press S to start the upload process.
Note
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Advanced Setup Menu 4-25
Download Device Parameters from TFTP Server
Select this option to load device configuration parameters from a file by
downloading from the TFTP server.
To download device parameters:
1. Activate the TFTP server application connected to the unit via an IP network.
2. Configure the following IP parameters: IP address, IP mask and IP default
gateway.
3. Select the TFTP download option.
4. Enter the TFTP server IP address.
5. Enter the name of the configuration file you want to download from the server,
for example V35_file.
6. Press S to start the download process.
Upon completion of the download process, the unit performs reset. The new
parameters only come into effect after resetting.
Reset Options
Select this option for resetting the device, link, or interface module.
Terminal Type
Select this option to choose a terminal type. Since each terminal type uses
different ASCII control codes for cursor control, FCD-IPM requires this information
to display the screens clearly. This setting affects the Statistics screen display only.
Note
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-26 View Menu
4.6 View Menu
Use the View menu options to see information on interface connections, routing
tables, statistics, diagnostics, and alarms.
Diagnostic Tools
5
View
4
Advanced Menu
3
Security Setup
Quick Setup
Link Number
Advanced Link
Configuration
2
1
2Interface
Connections
1
Configuration
4
Statistics
3Routing
Tables
6SHDSL
Status
5E1/T1
Diagnostics
7E1/T1
Alarms
Log File
1. Bridge
2. IP Interfaces
4. IPX Routing
5. IPX Services
6. ARP
7. OSPF Related
Information
3. IP Routing
8. IP Address
Pool
Figure 4-23. View Menu Outline
To access the View Menu:
In the Main Menu, press 4.
The View Menu appears (see Figure 4-24).
The options in the View Menu are described in this chapter.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-27
VIEW MENU (Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------
1. Configuration
2. Interface Connections
3. Routing Tables
4. Statistics
5. SHDSL Status
6. E1/T1 Diagnostics
7. E1/T1 alarms log file
Press number to select or ESC to return to the previous menu:
Figure 4-24. View Menu
Configuration
Select this option to view the configuration parameters for the device and link that
were entered through the Setup menu. The View Configuration screen displays the
general unit configuration and parameters such as names, addresses and link types
(including link baud rate and status). When typing the interface number, detailed
information on the interface appears. Since these screens are “display-only” you
cannot use them to adjust parameters.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-28 View Menu
VIEW CONFIGURATION (Device name - FCD-IPM)
------------------
Device type: FCD-IPM
Contact person : name of contact person
System location : the location of this device
Hardware version : 1.0 (1997-11-17)
Software version : 3.00 B1 (2003-03-11)
Burned-In MAC address : 0020 D217 5F61 (active)
Local Administered MAC address : 4020 D217 5F61
IP address : 10.10.90.1
Link Interface Type Clock(Kbps) Status Mode
----- ---------- ---------------- ----------- ------ ----
1) 1 SHDSL+SUB Synchronous Ext Link1/ 0 Enabled Bridge
2) 2 V.11 DTE Synchronous External/ 0 Enabled Bridge
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
I/O1: FXS
I/O2: FXS
ESC - Return to previous menu
For advanced link configuration information - enter link number:
Figure 4-25. View Configuration Screen
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-29
Interface Connections
This screen displays the connection status for all FCD-IPM LAN and WAN
interfaces. The information includes physical connections like E1, subE1 V.35,
ISDN and logical connections like DLCIs in Frame Relay. Each row in the screen
shows the last successful channel synchronization.
INTERFACE CONNECTIONS (Device name – FCD-IPM)
---------------------
INTERFACE ROUTING DEVICE CONNECTED CONNECTION
TYPE NAME USER NAME STATUS
-------------------------------------------------------------
LAN 1 Bridge + IP Close
LINK1 IP PPP LCP+IP/VJ
MANAGEMENT Mngmnt PPP LCP+IP
FIX SUB Local sync loss
IO1 Remote sync loss
IO2 Remote sync loss
R – Refresh
ESC – Return to previous menu
Figure 4-26. Interface Connections Screen
Routing Tables
Select this option to display different routing tables.
ROUTING TABLES (Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------
1. Bridge
2. IP Interfaces
3. IP Routing
4. IPX Routing
5. IPX Services
6. ARP
7. OSPF
8. IP Address Pool
ESC - Return to previous screen
Figure 4-27. Routing Tables Menu
The options in the Routing Tables menu are described below.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-30 View Menu
Bridge
Select this option to display a table that contains information on Bridge MAC
addresses (see Figure 4-28).
BRIDGE TABLE (Page-1) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
------------
MAC ADDRESS TYPE INTERFACE
----------- ---- ---------
0020D2FD5153 Static or Dynamic LAN
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-28. Bridge Table
IP Interfaces
Details the routing interfaces information.
IP INTERFACES TABLE (Page-1) ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
-------------------
IP ADDRESS IP MASK MTU PROTOCOL INTERFACE STATUS
--------------- --------------- ----- --------- ---------- ------
192.170.007.001 255.255.255.000 1500 --------- LAN 1 UP
000.000.000.000 000.000.000.000 1500 --------- LINK 1 UP
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-29. IP Interfaces Table
IP Routing
Select this option to display a table that contains information on IP routing.
IP ROUTE TABLE (Page-1) ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
IP ADDRESS IP MASK TYPE COST NEXT HOP AGEING INTERFACE
------------- --------------- ------ ---- --------------- -------- ----------
default gateway LINK 1
192.170.007.000 255.255.255.000 INTRF 0 192.170.007.001 00:00:00 LAN 1
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-30. IP Routing Table
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-31
IPX Routing
Select this option to display information on IPX routing.
IPX ROUTING TABLE (Page-1) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
-----------------
IPX NET IPX NODE TYPE HOPS TICKS AGEING INTERFACE
------- -------- ---- ---- ----- ------ ---------
0000000A 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 1 2 00:00:50 LAN
0000001B 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 4 5 00:00:50 LAN
0000001C 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000001D 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000001E 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000001F 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 1 2 00:00:50 LAN
0000001G 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000001H 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000002I 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000002J 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000003K 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000006L 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000009M 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 2 3 00:00:50 LAN
0000012N 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000067O 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
0000083P 0000C0F5D899 NET (RIP) 3 4 00:00:50 LAN
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-31. IPX Routing Table
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-32 View Menu
IPX Services
Select this option to display a table that contains information on IPX services (SAP
table).
IPX SERVICES TABLE (Page-1) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
------------------
SERVER NAME TYPE IPX NET HOPS INTERFACE
------------- ---- ------- ---- ---------
ACCESS 0004 3381AFCA 2 LAN
ACCOUNT_RAD 0004 0000AAAB 2 LAN
BACKUP 0004 0001267C 2 LAN
ENG 0004 ACE1111D 3 LAN
EXPORT 0004 00AA110E 2 LAN
FDD_EYE 0004 0032142F 1 LAN
ESC - Return to previous menu , N - next screen
Figure 4-32. IPX Services Table
ARP
Select this option to display the correlation between the IP address and the
MAC address of each station on the LAN
ARP TABLE (Page-1) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------
IP ADDRESS MAC ADDRESS AGING
---------- ----------- -----
192.168.1.33 0020D2FD9F16 00:00:00
192.168.1.35 0000B431CBD6 00:00:50
192.168.1.36 0000B471B335 00:02:15
192.168.1.38 0020D2FD51F0 00:02:15
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-33. ARP Table
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-33
IP Address Pool (DHCP)
Select this option to display the allocation of IP address from the IP address pool
(DHCP Server).
IP ADDRESS POOL (Page-1) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------------
IP ADDRESS IP MASK MAC TIME STATUS INTERFACE
--------------- --------------- --------- ----- -------- ----------
001.001.001.001 255.255.255.000 0 DECLINED
001.001.001.002 255.255.255.000 0 FREE
001.001.001.003 255.255.255.000 0 FREE
001.001.001.004 255.255.255.000 0 FREE
001.001.001.005 255.255.255.000 0 FREE
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-34. IP Address Pool (DHCP) Table
OSPF Related Information
Select this option to display OSPF protocol related information such as common
information, border router information, OSPF database, and interface information
OSPF RELATED INFORMATION ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Interfaces
2. Neighbours
3. Database
4. Memory Allocation
Press number to select or ESC to return to the previous menu:
Figure 4-35. OSPF Related Information Menu
OSPF INTERFACES TABLE (Page-1) ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
---------------------
IP ADDRESS AREA ID TYPE PRIO DES ROUTER
--------------- --------------- ------ ---- ---------------
000.000.000.000 000.000.000.001 P-T-P 0001 000.000.000.000
192.168.001.001 000.000.000.003 BRDCST 0001 192.168.001.007
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-36. OSPF Interfaces Table
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-34 View Menu
OSPF NEIGHBOURS TABLE (Page-1) ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
---------------------
IP ADDRESS ID PRIO STATE
--------------- --------------- ---- ---------
192.168.001.003 192.168.001.003 0001 Full
192.168.001.007 000.000.000.004 0001 Full
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-37. OSPF Neighbors Table
OSPF DATABASE TABLE (Page-1) ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
-------------------
AREA ID TYPE LS-ID ORIG RTR SEQ NUM AGE CKSUM
--------------- ---- --------------- --------------- -------- ----- ------
000.000.000.001 1 192.168.001.003 192.168.001.003 80000691 264 EF87
000.000.000.001 1 209.227.164.065 209.227.164.065 80000034 143 32DC
000.000.000.001 3 131.010.000.000 209.227.164.065 8000000E 154 D7C1
000.000.000.001 3 192.168.001.000 209.227.164.065 80000036 150 F9C0
000.000.000.003 1 000.000.000.004 000.000.000.004 8000010F 147 4BE2
000.000.000.003 1 209.227.164.065 209.227.164.065 80000040 160 6432
000.000.000.003 2 192.168.001.007 000.000.000.004 80000003 1423 679B
000.000.000.003 3 192.114.031.000 209.227.164.065 80000009 146 F7FD
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-38. OSPF Database Table
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-35
Statistics
Select this option to display information on the traffic between the networks
connected by FCD-IPM. The statistics enable you to view network performance.
STATISTICS FOR THE LAST 00:03:47 (Device name - FCD-IPM)
LAN 1 STATISTICS (per second) CURRENT MAX AVG
------------------
1) Total network frames 00000 00000 00000
2) Received good frames 00000 00000 00000
3) Received good broadcast/multicast 00000 00000 00000
4) Received masked frames 00000 00000 00000
5) Transmitted frames 00000 00000 00000
6) Memory overflow errors 00000 00000 00000
7) LAN errors 00000 00000 00000
8) Received missed frames errors 00000 00000 00000
9) LAN buffers overflow 00000 00000 00000
C - Clear statistics, U - Update average,
L - LAN, Link Number
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-39. LAN Statistics
SHDSL Status and Statistics
Select this option to display information on the SHDSL line status and statistics
collected over 15-minute and 24-hour intervals.
Displaying the SHDSL Status
Current status of the SHDSL line interface can be viewed from the SHDSL Status
screen.
To access the SHDSL Status screen:
From the View menu (see Figure 4-24), type 5.
The SHDSL Status screen appears (see Figure 4-40).
The SHDSL Status parameters are listed in Table 4-8.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-36 View Menu
Table 4-8. SHDSL Status Screen Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Op. State
Idle
Handshake, Training,
Framer Sync
Data
Operational status of the SHDSL link
Link is down
FCD-IPM is establishing communication link with remote
device
Data is being transferred over the SHDSL link
Bitrate Actual line rate after the handshake process is completed
Loop Attenuation Difference (in dB) between the power transmitted from FCD-
IPM and the power received by the unit operating at the other
side of the application
Transmit Power Level of power (in dB) which is transmitted on the SHDSL line
SNR Signal-to-noise ratio, difference (in dB) between signal and
background noise
SHDSL DSP Version,
SHDSL Driver
Version
SHDSL DSP and driver revisions
Loop Attenuation, Transmit Power and SNR are displayed only when OP. State is in
Data mode.
SHDSL STATUS ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
Op. State : Data
Framer Status : Sync
Bitrate : 1032
Loop Attenuation : 5
Transmit Power : 7.5
SNR : 14
SHDSL DSP Version : 1
SHDSL Driver Version: R1.7.1
CRC ES SES LOSW LOSWS UAS
-------- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- ----
15 Min : 3 1 0 0 0 0
24 hours : 0 0 0 0 0 0
ESC - previous menu | M - More | R - Refresh | C - Clear statistics
Figure 4-40. SHDSL Status
Note
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-37
Displaying the SHDSL Statistics
FCD-IPM collects statistics over the current, 15-minute and 24-hour intervals
(see Figure 4-40):
15 Min – Last 15-minute interval
24 hours – Last 24-hour interval.
Table 4-9 describes the SHDSL statistics parameters.
Table 4-9. SHDSL Statistics Parameters
Display Description
CRC Number of CRC error events recorded during the current interval
ES Number of errored seconds in which one or more CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) error
events occurred during the current interval. This value is updated every second.
SES Number of severely errored seconds in which 832 or more CRC error events occurred during
the current interval. This value is updated every second.
LOSW Number of loss of sync word events recorded during the current interval
LOSWS Number of seconds with loss of sync word during the current interval. This value is updated
every second.
UAS Number of unavailable seconds in which a failed signal occurred during the current interval.
This value is updated every second.
In addition FCD-IPM displays statistics report for all 15-minute intervals in the last
24 hours (see Figure 4-41).
To display statistics for specific intervals:
1. From the SHDSL Status screen, type M.
The SHDSL Statistics over Intervals screen appears (see Figure 4-41).
2. Type N to display the next page of the SHDSL statistics.
SHDSL STATUS ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
Interval CRC ES SES LOSW LOSWS UAS
-------- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- ----
1. 3 1 0 0 0 0
2. 0 0 0 0 0 0
3. 0 0 0 0 0 0
4. 0 0 0 0 0 0
5. 0 0 0 0 0 0
6. 0 0 0 0 0 0
7. 0 0 0 0 0 0
8. 0 0 0 0 0 0
9. 0 0 0 0 0 0
10. 0 0 0 0 0 0
11. 0 0 0 0 0 0
12. 0 0 0 0 0 0
ESC - previous menu | N - Next page
Figure 4-41. SHDSL Statistics over Intervals
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-38 View Menu
To refresh or clear statistics:
From the SHDSL Status screen, type R to refresh the display or type C to clear
the SHDSL statistics.
E1/T1 Diagnostics
Select this option to display error information for the E1/T1 link. This information
enables you to evaluate the line quality. The errors are accumulated in 15-minute
intervals. FCD-IPM keeps up to 96 intervals (for 24 hours).
In addition, there is a rolling 24 hour total of each error parameter. The rolling
total is displayed for the interval parameter called TOTAL. The interval parameter
called CURRENT is the open interval, which did not yet reach 15 minutes. The
errors counted in the CURRENT interval are not included in the TOTAL interval.
The amount of time that has elapsed is displayed on the right of the CURRENT
parameter line. T1 diagnostics are available only when frame mode is ESF. E1
diagnostics are available only when CRC-4 is enabled.
T1 DIAGNOSTICS - LINK 1 (Device name - FCD-IPM)
-----------------------
INTERVAL ES UAS SES BES LOFC CSS DM
-------- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
CURRENT 1 163 173 1 1 0 02.53 min
ESC - previous menu | R - Refresh | C - Clear diagnostics
Figure 4-42. T1 Diagnostics
E1 DIAGNOSTICS - LINK 1 (Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------
INTERVAL ES UAS SES BES LOFC CSS DM
CURRENT 0 0 0 0 0 0 06.15 min
1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 1 0 0 1 0 0
Total 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
ESC – previous menu | R – Refresh | C – Clear diagnostics
Figure 4-43. E1 Diagnostics
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
View Menu 4-39
Interval Parameters
Table 4-10. Interval Parameters
Parameters Description
Current Errored Seconds (ES) An errored second is any second containing one or more CRC error
events, one or more OOF events, or one or more controlled slip
events.
Unavailable Seconds Out-Of-
Frame (UAS)
An unavailable second out-of-frame is any second in which a failed
signal state exists. A failed signal state is declared when 10 consecutive
severely errored seconds (SES) occur, and is cleared after 10
consecutive seconds of data are processed without a SES.
Severely Errored Seconds
(SES)
A SES is a second with 832 or more CRC error events, or one or more
OOF events.
Bursty Errored Seconds Out-
Of-Frame (BES)
A BES is a second with 2 to 831 CRC error events.
Current Loss of Frame
Counter (LOFC)
The loss of frame (LOF) counter counts the loss of frame alignment
events.
Current Slip Second Counter
(CSS)
A CSS is a second with one or more controlled slip events.
Degraded Minutes (DM) The total number of degraded minutes in the current 24-hour interval.
A degraded minute is a minute in which the bit error rate (BER)
exceeded 1x10-6. This number is updated every minute.
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-40 View Menu
E1/T1 Alarms Log File
Select this option to display the E1/T1 Alarms Log file.
E1/T1 ALARMS (Device name – FCD-IPM) time from start – 00:00:09:26
------------
INTERFACE TYPE STATUS DAYS HOURS MIN SEC
--------- ----------- ------ ---- ----- --- ---
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 0
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 0
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 0
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 0
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 7
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 7
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 7
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 7
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 6
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 6
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 6
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 6
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 5
Link 1 MAIN E1 BPV error 0 1 0 5
Link 1 MAIN E1 CRC-4 error 0 1 0 5
ESC – previous menu | N – Next page | R – Refresh | C – Clear alarms
Figure 4-44. E1 Alarms Screen
E1/T1 ALARMS ( Device name - FCD-IPM ) time from start - 00:02:39:39
------------
INTERFACE TYPE STATUS DAYS HOURS MIN SEC
------------- ------------------ ------ ----- ----- ----- -----
Link 1 MAIN T1 Red alarm ON 0 0 0 2
Link 1 MAIN T1 Red alarm ON 0 0 0 2
ESC - previous menu | R - Refresh | C - Clear alarms
Figure 4-45. T1 Alarms Screen
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 4 Configuration
Diagnostic Tools Menu 4-41
4.7 Diagnostic Tools Menu
This section provides information on using FCD-IPM diagnostic tools.
Diagnostic Tools
5
View
4
Advanced Menu
3
Security Setup
Quick Setup
2
1
1Ping
IP Address
Figure 4-46. Diagnostic Tools Menu Outline
To access the Diagnostic Tools menu:
1. In the Main Menu, select option 5.
The Diagnostic Tools menu appears (see Figure 4-47).
DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS (Device name – FCD-IPM)
----------------
1. Ping terminal
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 4-47. Diagnostic Tools Menu
The Diagnostic Tools menu has a Ping option. The Ping option allows you to
confirm IP connectivity by ‘pinging’ (dialing) other IP hosts. If there is a reply from
the remote IP host, connectivity is confirmed (see Figure 4-48).
Small Office
LAN
ping reply
ping request
Router
192.168.1.5
Control of FCD-IPM
ping terminal
Figure 4-48. Pinging an IP Host
Chapter 4 Configuration FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
4-42 Diagnostic Tools Menu
To ping another host:
1. From the Main Menu, select option 5.
The Diagnostic Tools menu appears.
2. From the Diagnostic Tools menu, select option 1.
You are prompted to enter the IP address of the host.
3. Enter the host's IP address. FCD-IPM pings the destination host.
A message appears showing the result of the request (see Figure 4-49).
FCD-IPM continues pinging the host until you press <Esc>.
PING TERMINAL (Device name – FCD-IPM)
-------------
Insert the target IP address in the format: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
ESC - Return to previous menu
Ping IP address: 10.10.10.10
Pinging 10.10.10.10
Reply from 10.10.10.10: time = 0.100 sec
Reply from 10.10.10.10: time = 0.050 sec
Reply from 10.10.10.10: time = 0.050 sec
Reply from 10.10.10.10: time = 0.050 sec
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 4-49. Ping Terminal Screen
Host Parameters Menu 5-1
Chapter 5
Setup Menu
Topics covered in this chapter include:
Host parameters setup
Routing setup
Interface parameters setup
Access control (security) setup
WAN economy setup
Factory default options.
1 2
Routing
3 4 5
WA
N
Economy
2Device Control
1Setup
Advanced Menu
6
Host
Parameters Interface
Parameters
A
ccess Control
(Security) Factory Default
Options
Figure 5-1. Setup Menu Outline
To access the Setup menu:
In the Advanced Menu, press 1.
The Setup menu appears (refer to Figure 5-2).
SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
-----
1. Host parameters
2. Routing / Bridging
3. Interface parameters
4. Access control (Security)
5. WAN economy
6. Factory default options
Press number to select or ESC to return to the previous menu:
Figure 5-2. Setup Menu
The options in the Setup menu are described below.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-2 Host Parameters Menu
5.1 Host Parameters Menu
Select this option to enter reference information about the device, the IP Host, the
SNMP agent and TFTP.
2
Device Control
1
Setup
Advanced Menu
3
SNMP Manager
Table
1. Manager Table
2
IP Host
1. IP Address
2. IP Mask
3. Default Gateway
4
TFTP
5
RADIUS
1. RADIUS Server
IP Address
2. RADIUS
Authenticator
3. RADIUS Accounting
Status
4. RADIUS
Authentication Port
5. RADIUS Accounting
Port
6. Retransmission
Timeout
7. Total Timeout
1
Device ID
1. Device Name
2. Contact Person
4. MAC Address
3. System Location
Host Parameters
1
1. Retransmitting
Timeout
2. Total Timeout
Figure 5-3. Host Parameters Menu Outline
To access the Host Parameters menu:
1. In the Advanced Menu, press 1.
The Setup menu appears.
2. In the Setup menu, press 1.
The Host Parameters menu appears (refer to Figure 5-3).
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Host Parameters Menu 5-3
HOST PARAMETERS ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Device ID
2. IP host
3. SNMP manager table
4. TFTP
5. RADIUS
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-4. Host Parameters Menu
The options in the Host Parameters menu are described below.
Device ID
DEVICE ID ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------
1. Device name: 27
2. Contact person: name of contact person
3. System location:
4. MAC address: 0020 D220 3C59 (Burned-In)
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-5. Device ID Menu
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
1
Host Parameters Menu
1
Device ID
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-4 Host Parameters Menu
Table 5-1. Device ID Parameters
Parameters Description
Device Name Assigns an arbitrary name to FCD-IPM for identification by the system
manager; for example "accounting"
Contact Person Name of the person to be contacted with matters pertaining to the
system; for example "John Doe"
System Location Physical location of the device; for example "Building 3 Floor 4"
MAC Address AssignS a MAC address locally. This allows you additional control of
the devices in the LAN. FCD-IPM can be used with the burned-in
(default) address provided by the manufacturer or with a locally
administered address; for example 4020 2D16 1234. Locally
administered addresses are very useful for managing large networks
IP Host
IP HOST ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
-------
CURRENT NEW
------- ---
1. IP address 010.000.000.027 010.000.000.027
2. IP mask 255.000.000.000 255.000.000.000
3. Default gateway 000.000.000.000 000.000.000.000
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-6. IP Host Menu
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
1
Host Parameters Menu
2
IP Host
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Host Parameters Menu 5-5
Table 5-2. IP Host Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
IP Address Class A
1.0.0.0 to 127.255.255.255,
Class B
128.0.0.0 to 191.255.255.255,
Class C
192.0.0.0 to 223.255.255.255,
Class D
224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255,
Class E
240.0.0.0 to 247.255.255.255
Every device on a TCP/IP network must have an address
for identification. The IP address is a value consisting of
the network address and the host address on that
network. The value assigned to a network depends on
the number of computers on that network.
The IP address is a 32-bit number. The number is made
up of 4 parts, with each part consisting of 3 digits. One
part of the address identifies the network and another
part of the address identifies the host. The numbers in
the address, which identify the host, are dependent on
the class.
There are 5 classes of IP addresses. Each class represents
a network having a certain number of computers. For
example, a Class C address is given to a network having
between 1 to 255 computers.
The numbers in each part of the code are translated
into binary code, which identifies the network and the
host.
IP addresses are assigned by the Internet Network
Information Center (InterNIC). InterNIC assigns the
network ID. Host IDs are assigned by the network
administrator.
IP Mask Default IP mask for Class A
255.0.0.0
Default IP mask for Class B
255.255.0.0
Default IP mask for Class C
255.255.255.0
Default IP mask for Class D
255.255.255.225
A subnet is a portion of a network that shares a
common address component. On TCP/IP networks,
subnets are defined as all devices whose IP addresses
have the same prefix. For example, all devices whose IP
addresses begin with 133.100.100. are part of the same
subnet. An IP mask allows you to filter IP addresses on a
subnet. When an IP address is configured, the IP mask is
automatically configured according to the Class of the IP
Network.
Note: The default IP mask can be edited.
Default Gateway The default gateway defines where frames will be sent,
if no explicit routing is defined in the routing table.
The default gateway can be an IP address or a WAN
interface. If you choose to use an IP address, enter the
address of the router that will deliver the frames.
Specifying an IP address for the default gateway is done
with shared media, such as LAN interface.
If you choose to use a WAN interface, the connection
to the router is point-to-point. Choose by interface and
enter the interface/DLCI number.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-6 Host Parameters Menu
Internet
Central Access
Router
FCD-IPM
LAN Interface IP address
should be Default Gateway
for all stations on LAN
Figure 5-7. Default Gateway
It is very important to obtain the correct parameters from the system administrator
or ISP. The most common problem when establishing an IP connection is incorrect
configuration of the IP parameters and default gateway. Do not try to guess these
parameters.
SNMP Manager Table
MANAGER TABLE SETTING ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------------------
IP address Mask
1. 010.000.000.222 Yes
OPTIONS: C-Clear all, E-Edit, D-Delete, A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 5-8. SNMP Manager Table Menu
Select this option to add, clear or delete parameters from the manager table. The
manager table lists the SNMP manager IP addresses and masks. Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) manager IP address is the IP of the management
station, which the traps are sent to (NMS). To send traps to that NMS, set the mask
parameter to YES.
SNMP is an application-layer protocol designed to facilitate the exchange of
management information between network devices. By using SNMP to access
management information data (such as packets per second and network error
rates), network administrators can more easily manage network performance and
find and solve network problems.
Note
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
1
Host Parameters Menu
3
SNMP Manager Table
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Host Parameters Menu 5-7
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
TFTP (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Retransmission timeout (seconds): 15
2. Total timeout (seconds) : 60
Press the number to edit value or ESC to return to the previous screen:
Figure 5-9. TFTP Menu
TFTP is a simple file transfer protocol running over IP that permits unsecured and
unauthorized file exchange over the Internet/Intranet. TFTP is widely used to
upgrade software and configuration parameters for various standalone units. TFTP
is a client-server type protocol; FCD-IPM operates as the TFTP client. In order to
use the TFTP-based features of FCD-IPM you need TFTP server software running
on some of your PCs.
This screen permits you to configure common TFTP session parameters that are
used for software upgrades and upload/download features.
Table 5-3. TFTP Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Retransmission
Timeout
For example:
30 seconds
The amount of time that is allowed to pass before the last
non-acknowledged request is transmitted.
Total Timeout For example:
60 seconds.
The amount of time FCD-IPM should wait for an acknowledgment
from the TFTP server in case a frame is lost, or there are other
problems.
TFTP Client
File
Transfer
TFTP Server
IP Address: 192.168.10.11
Stores file at C:\booting\boot.exe
FCD-IPM
Figure 5-10. File Transfer to and from TFTP Server
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
1
Host Parameters Menu
4
TFTP
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-8 Host Parameters Menu
RADIUS (Authentication and Billing)
RADIUS (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Radius server IP Address :
2. Radius authenticator :
3. Radius accounting status : [Disable]
4. Radius authentication UDP port : 1812
5. Radius accounting UDP port : 1813
6. Retransmission timeout (seconds): 15
7. Total timeout (seconds) : 60
Press the number to edit value or ESC to return to the previous screen:
Figure 5-11. RADIUS Menu
The RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) is a client/server
security protocol. Security information is stored in a central location, known as the
RADIUS server. RADIUS clients, such as FCD-IPM, communicate with the RADIUS
server to authenticate users. Although the term RADIUS refers to the network
protocol that the client and server use to communicate, it is often used to refer to
the entire client/server system.
The three main functions of RADIUS are:
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting.
To perform these functions, you must configure the parameters described in
Table 5-4.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
1
Host Parameters Menu
5
RADIUS
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-9
Table 5-4. RADIUS Menu Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
RADIUS Server IP
Address
The IP address of the RADIUS server, for example 192.168.1.9.
RADIUS
Authenticator
Enter the shared secret. The shared secret is a password used by RADIUS
to authenticate the client. It is important to remember that the client is
FCD-IPM. Do not supply the shared secret.
Note: When configuring the RADIUS Authenticator, be sure to use the
same value in the RADIUS server and FCD-IPM.
RADIUS
Accounting Status
Enable
Disable
Track link up/link down activity. This information is often used for billing
purposes.
RADIUS
Authentication
Port
Selects the UDP port number to be used for the RADIUS authentication
application. Confirm that the same value is defined in the RADIUS server
RADIUS
Accounting Port
Selects the UDP port number to be used by the RADIUS accounting
application. Confirm that the same value is defined in the RADIUS server
Retransmission
Timeout
The maximum time FCD-IPM waits for a single request response from the
RADIUS server, for example 30 seconds. After this time the request will
be retransmitted.
Total Timeout The total time FCD-IPM tries to communicate with the RADIUS server
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-10 Routing/Bridging Menu
5.2 Routing/Bridging Menu
Select this option to enter FCD-IPM routing information.
5. Multilink
2Device
Control
1Setup
Advanced
Menu
1Interface
Routing/
Bridging Mode
2Static
Stations & Nets
3IP Routing
Settings
4IPX Routing
Settings
5
1. Link Type
2. Link Protocol
3. Link Cost/
Metric
Add
Clear All
Delete
Routing/Bridging
2
1. Header and Control
Field Compression
4. PPP Settings
4. Data Negotiation
Compression Mode
3. IP Compression
2. Protocol Field
Compression
Station
Aging
1. Interface
Address
2. Routing
Protocol
3. Maximum
Transmit Unit
5. IP Addresses
Pool Setting
6. PC Remote
Access
7. OSPF Setup
4. DHCP Relay
Figure 5-12. Routing Menu Outline
To access the Routing/Bridging menu:
1. In the Advanced Menu, press 1.
The Setup menu appears.
2. In the Setup menu, press 2.
The Routing/Bridging menu appears.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-11
ROUTING/BRIDGING ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
Link 1 - IP & IPX ROUTER PPP
Setup Menu
1. Interface Routing Bridging Mode
2. Static stations & nets
3. IP routing settings
4. IPX routing settings
5. Station aging (minutes): 60
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-13. Routing/Bridging menu
The options in the Routing/Bridging menu are described below.
Interface Routing/Bridging Mode
ROUTING MODE: LINK 1 ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Link type - IP Router
2. Link protocol - PPP
3. Link cost/metric - 1
4. PPP settings
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-14. Interface Routing Bridging Mode Menu
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
2
Routing/Bridging
1
Interface Routing/Bridging
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-12 Routing/Bridging Menu
To perform these functions, you must configure the parameters in Table 5-5.
Table 5-5. Interface Routing/Bridging Mode Menu Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Link/LAN Type Bridge
IP Router
IPX Router
Any combination of
these types
Assigns the link/LAN type, for each interface. Use the space bar to
toggle between the options
Link Protocol Protocols For
Synchronus Links:
PPP
Native
Protocols For
Asynchronus Links:
PPP
SLIP
CSLIP
Defines the type of encapsulation while sending frames through
the WAN interface. The settings are different for various link
types.
Note: When the Native protocol is used with a Router, protocol
packets pass in HDLC format.
When the Native protocol is used with a Bridge, MAC frames pass
in HDLC format.
Link Cost/Metric Assigns a cost to each WAN link for routing purposes. This
parameter affects FCD-IPM’s operation of the corresponding
interface configured to use RIP routing protocol.
Each routing entry is accompanied by a metric, which is the
number of routers through which a packet must go to get to its
destination.
Before updating routing tables, FCD-IPM adds link cost value to
all routing metrics received from this link; this may affect further
routing decisions.
A router will automatically send packets using the lowest possible
metric. If a router is not functioning, FCD-IPM will send the
packets through an interface with a higher metric.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-13
PPP Settings
This option is only available for PPP link protocol.
Table 5-6. PPP Settings
Parameters Possible Values Description
Header and
Control Field
Compression
Yes, No Used for troubleshooting only. Change the Header and Control Field
Compression setting only if there is a problem with PPP negotiation
Protocol Field
Compression
Yes, No Used for troubleshooting only. Change the Protocol Field Compression
setting only if there is a problem with PPP negotiation
IP Compression Yes, No Activates Van Jacobson TCP Header Compression on a specified link.
PPP is often used on slow bandwidth links, such as modems. To make
the transmission faster, certain parts of the data packets can be
compressed.
In Van Jacobson TCP Header Compression the TCP/IP packet header is
compressed according to RRC 1144. Other protocols running over IP
(for example, UDP, ICMP) are not affected by using Van Jacobson
compression. Since PPP is used for point to point transmissions, both
the local and remote devices must have Van Jacobson TCP Header
Compression enabled for compression to be performed. To verify that
Van Jacobson TCP Header Compression is being performed, open the
Interface Connections Screen
Multilink
Disabled
Enabled
BOD
Determines if a line supports multilink PPP (RFC 1990 compliant).
The line does not support multilink PPP
The line supports multilink PPP
The line enables multilink PPP with Bandwidth-on-Demand support
(for ISDN line only).
Permitting multilink PPP means that two neighboring links (or two
ISDN B-channels) will work as a single logical channel, thereby
increasing the total link bandwidth. If you select Permanent, then both
links will be connected simultaneously, independent of bandwidth
utilization. Using BOD permits you to be connected most of the time
with only one B-channel and to be connected with the second channel
for small periods of high bandwidth utilization. This method reduces
connection costs.
If you choose BOD, then configure the following parameters:
Sensibility Direction and Sensibility Timeout.
BOD Sensibility
Direction
Transmit,
Receive, Both
Defines the traffic direction to be counted in determining whether to
connect the second line.
BOD Sensibility
Timeout
Defines the time interval for the utilization count
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-14 Routing/Bridging Menu
Static Stations and Nets
STATIC STATIONS AND NETS(MAC, IP, IPX) (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. IP - 192.168.182.056 mask-255.255.255.248 interface-2/16 cost-1
2. IPX - 25490880 interface-3 cost-1
A - Add , C - Clear all , D - Delete
ESC - Return to previous menu.
Figure 5-15. Adding Static Stations and Nets
Select this parameter to add, delete, or clear static entries in the IP/IPX Routing
table or Bridge Routing table. If FCD-IPM is attached to more than one LAN, then
select this parameter for each LAN interface, if necessary. The Aging Mechanism
does not remove static entries from the routing tables.
When adding static entries in the IP/IPX Routing table or Bridge Routing table, they
can be defined in 4 ways (see Table 5-7).
Table 5-7. Static Stations and Nets
Parameters Description
MAC Station MAC Station defines a single static entry in the Bridge routing table. The entry is a single
MAC Address (6 bytes) entered in hexadecimal format.
IP Net IP Net defines a network as the destination. IP Net consists of 3 parts:
Destination – defined by entering the subnet IP address and IP mask.
For example, 192.168.182.32 is a subnet IP address and 255.255.255.240 is the IP
mask.
Frame pathway – specified either as an interface (i.e. port) number or as Next Hop IP
address. In Next Hop IP the frames are sent to another router; from there they will be
sent to their final destination (see Figure 5-16).
Cost – used only for advertising via routing protocols.
The values are 1 to 15.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
2
Routing/Bridging
2
Static Stations and Nets
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-15
Table 5-7. Static Stations and Nets (Cont.)
Parameters Description
IP-Station Defines a single host as the destination. IP Station consists of 3 parts:
Destination - defined by entering the host IP address; for example, 192.168.182.11
Frame pathway - specified as in IP Net, above.
Cost – used only for advertising via routing protocols.
The values are 1 to 15.
IPX Net Used for IPX routing. Defines the IPX Net in hexadecimal and the interface number.
Cost – used only for advertising via routing protocols.
The values are 1 to 15.
ISP Router
Router 2
FCD-IPM
WAN
Internet
IP Net 1 IP Net 2
Figure 5-16. Router 2 set to “Next Hop” in FCD-IPM
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-16 Routing/Bridging Menu
IP Routings Settings
IP ROUTING SETTINGS ( Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Interface address
2. Routing Protocol
3. Maximum transmit unit
4. DHCP relay
5. IP address pool setting
6. PC remote access
7. OSPF Setup
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-17. IP Routing Settings
Interface Address
Select this parameter to enter an IP address for the WAN interface and one or
more IP addresses for the LAN interface. Multiple IP addresses on the LAN are
useful in environments with multiple IP nets on the LAN (refer to Figure 5-18). If
your FCD-IPM setup has two LAN interfaces use this screen to enter one or more
IP addresses for the second LAN.
FCD-IPM
WAN
IP Net 1 IP Net 2
LAN IP Address
WAN IP Address
Figure 5-18. WAN and LAN Interface Addresses
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
2
Routing/Bridging
3
IP Routings Settings
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-17
Routing Protocol
This parameter sets the type of routing advertisement protocol to be used for each
FCD-IPM interface (LANs and WANs).
If FCD-IPM is configured as a RIP router, it sends/receives information from its
routing table to/from corresponding router(s), learning its environment
dynamically.
Table 5-8. Routing Protocol Settings
Values Description
RIP1 Sends and receives routing information about IP nets only
RIP2 Sends and receives full routing information, including subnets
RIP1+2 Sends information as for RIP2 (full routing information, including
subnets), and receive both RIP1 and RIP2 (routing information about IP
nets only)
OSPF Uses Open Shortest Path First protocol
None FCD-IPM will not negotiate routing information with neighboring
routers
Maximum Transmit Unit
This parameter sets the maximum transmit unit (MTU) for IP fragmentation. Set the
MTU for each interface (LANs and WANs). If a frame is larger than the MTU, it will
be fragmented into smaller units, while it is sent through the specified interface.
DHCP Relay
This parameter enables transmission of DHCP requests to specified IP addresses
via WAN and LAN links.
IP Address Pool Setting (DHCP)
This parameter determines the option for how FCD-IPM assigns IP addresses
dynamically to connected workstations. FCD-IPM uses one of the following
mechanisms to assign IP addresses dynamically to workstations:
Table 5-9. IP Address Pool Setting (DHCP)
Values Description
IPCP
Negotiations
This is a mechanism where the remote router or a workstation
connected to FCD-IPM via a link requests an IP address. This request is
made by specifying zero for the IP address in the IPCP configure
request (PPP).
BOOTP This is a method where another router or workstation sends an
affirmation for an IP address. FCD-IPM uses BOOTP to confirm the IP
address by sending a BOOTP reply packet via a link or LAN. FCD-IPM
using BOOTP supports basic options only.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-18 Routing/Bridging Menu
Table 5-9. IP Address Pool Setting (DHCP) (Cont.)
Values Description
DHCP This protocol is an extension to BOOTP and permits FCD-IPM to
supply not only an IP address but also additional parameters, such as
Default Gateway, DNS server addresses etc. FCD-IPM supplies these
parameters to the client's workstation. In contrast to BOOTP, DHCP
supplies these parameters on a temporary basis. FCD-IPM using DHCP
checks on the workstation periodically. If the workstation is not using
the IP address, the IP address can be supplied to other workstations
later.
FCD-IPM supports all these mechanisms simultaneously.
IP Address Pool
Select this option to define IP address information.
IP ADDRESS POOL (Device name FCD-IPM)
----------------
Pool of IP addresses dynamically allocated by the device working as Remote
Access server or DHCP server to workstations over the WAN/LAN.
Allocation can be made via DHCP, BOOTP, and PPP-IPCP request.
1. IP Address 001.001.001.001 – 001.001.001.005 Mask: 255.255.255.000
Default gateway: 001.001.001.001
Primary DNS: 194.090.001.005, Secondary DNS: 000.000.000.000
Interface: LAN 1
OPTIONS: C-Clear all, E-Edit, D-Delete, A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 5-19. IP Address Pool Menu
You can define up to five entries. Each entry contains the parameters shown in
Table 5-10.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-19
Table 5-10. IP Address Pool Settings
Parameters Description
Low IP Address Lower boundary of the IP address range
High IP Address Upper boundary of the IP address range
IP Mask IP mask for the IP address range (for DHCP and BOOTP)
Default
Gateway
Default Gateway IP address for workstations which receive IP addresses
from the range defined by the Low IP Address and High IP Address.
The Default Gateway IP address must be within this IP address range
(used by DHCP only).
Primary DNS IP address of the DNS server, which can be used by the workstation
(for DHCP and IPCP).
Secondary DNS Additional DNS server address that is an alternative to the Primary DNS
(for DHCP and IPCP).
Interface Determines which requests to the IP address can be accepted. You can
determine the interface by toggling between WAN, LAN (any LAN or
specifically 2 LAN interface units), and ALL (both WAN and LAN).
PC Remote Access
Select this parameter to define the remote access. The PC Remote Access Option
is important if FCD-IPM is used as a remote access server for remote PCs accessing
the LAN. Refer to Figure 5-20.
PC Remote Access (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Shared IP net - 192.168.1.1 mask - 255.255.255.240
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-20. PC Remote Access
Shared IP Net
Select this parameter to enter the Shared IP net address. The Shared IP net address
is used by all remote workstations that connect to the remote access server on the
WAN links.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-20 Routing/Bridging Menu
OSPF Settings
Select this option to configure the parameters for the Open Shortest Path First
(OSPF) protocol. The OSPF Protocol is a dynamic routing protocol that detects
topological changes in the AS and calculates new loop-free routes after a short
period of convergence with minimal routing traffic.
Configure at least one of the IP router interfaces for OSPF routing protocol. This is
performed from the Routing Protocol menu.
OSPF SETTINGS ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
1. OSPF routing status [Enable ]
2. Router ID : 209.227.164.065
3. Redistribute routes from [Static only ]
4. Interfaces area ID
5. Advanced interfaces setup
6. Areas setup
7. Summarization setup
Choose one of the above or press ESC to return to previous menu :
Figure 5-21. OSPF Settings Menu
Table 5-11. OSPF Settings
Parameters Possible Values Description
OSPF Enable
Disable
Enables or disables the OSPF option
Router ID Configure router ID. According to RFC-2328 it
is often set to be equal to the smallest IP
address of router interfaces. We require
configuring it explicitly, because changing its
value must restart OSPF software. The better
way is to change it together with enabling OSPF
Redistribute
routes from
Nothing
Static Only
RIP Only
Static & RIP
Interfaces area
ID
Configures the area ID for OSPF interfaces. It
has the same logic as link routing protocol
Note
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-21
INTERFACES AREA ID ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
1. LINK 1/CH1 Area ID: 001.001.001.001
2. LINK 1/CH2 Area ID:
3. LINK 2 Area ID: 002.002.002.002
4. LAN 1 Area ID: 000.000.000.001
Press the number to edit value or ESC to return to the previous screen:
Figure 5-22. Interfaces area ID
Advanced Interfaces Setup
Parameters described in this section are used for fine-tuning of OSPF interfaces
configuration.
OSPF ADVANCED INTERFACES SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
------------------------------
Interface Prty Hello int. Dead int. Metric
1. LAN1 3 30 50 2
OPTIONS: A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 5-23. Interfaces area ID
Areas Setup
This group defines parameters that may be different for different areas.
OSPF AREAS SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
----------------
Area Type
1. 010.001.036.000 Stub
OPTIONS: C-Clear all, E-Edit, D-Delete, A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 5-24. OSPF Areas Setup
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-22 Routing/Bridging Menu
Table 5-12. OSPF Areas Setup
Parameters Possible Values Description
Area 0.0.0.0. to
255.255.255.255
Type Normal
Stub
NSSA
Accepts all types of OSPF traffic (Standard Area)
Accepts all types of OSPF traffic, except
AS-external-LSA’s (type 5 LSAs)
Not-So-Stubby-Area – a stub area that connects
to an external AS
OSPF Summaries Setup
To reduce the number of LSAs advertised, it’s common practice in OSPF to
configure IP subnets in contiguous manner and to define subnet summarization. It
means that the area border router will try to aggregate various subnets it learned in
one area before advertising it in another area.
OSPF SUMMARIES SETUP ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
--------------------
Area Ip Mask Advert.
1. 010.001.036.000 010.001.037.000 255.255.255.000 Yes
2. 010.001.036.000 010.002.037.000 255.255.255.000 Yes
OPTIONS: C-Clear all, E-Edit, D-Delete, A-Add
Press one of the above or ESC to return to previous screen:
Figure 5-25. OSPF Summaries Setup
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-23
IPX Routing Settings
IPX ROUTING SETTINGS (Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------------
1. LAN IPX net for frame type 802.3 - 00000000
2. LAN IPX net for frame type Ethernet II - 00000000
3. LAN IPX net for frame type 802.2 - 00000000
4. LAN IPX net for frame type SNAP - 00000000
5. Dial-in IPX net - D2162747
6. Autolearn of zero LAN IPX nets - [Enable]
7. RIP/SAP mode
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-26. IPX Routing Settings
Select this parameter to specify parameters required for operating FCD-IPM as an
IPX router.
Table 5-13. IPX Routing Settings
Parameters Possible Values Description
LAN IPX Net for
Frame Type
Each of these parameters specifies the IPX Nets associated with a
particular frame type. If FCD-IPM is in Autolearn enable mode, then
non-zero values point to learned Net. FCD-IPM supplies default values
for these frame types that can be configured on PC's operating on LANs
without other IPX routing.
Dial-in IPX Net Specifies the IPX Net definition for a WAN interface
Autolearn Zero
LAN IPX Nets
Enable
Disable
By setting this parameter to Enable, FCD-IPM learns IPX Nets from
RIP/SAP frames sent by other IPX routers on the same LAN. Refer to
Figure 5-27. If there are no other IPX routers on FCD-IPM LAN, this
parameter must be set to Disable, and you must configure the IPX Nets
for each frame type.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
2
Routing/Bridging
4
IPX Routings Settings
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-24 Routing/Bridging Menu
IPX Router
IPX Router
IPX Frames
IPX Frames
IPX Frames FCD-IPM
Figure 5-27. Automatic Learning from IPX Frames
RIP/SAP Mode
RIP / SAP MODE SETUP (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Link 1 RIP/SAP mode: [Enabled]
2. LAN RIP/SAP mode: [Enabled]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-28. RIP/SAP Mode Setup
Link 1 RIP/SAP Mode
Select this parameter to Enable/Disable the RIP/SAP mode. The default setting
enables sending RIP and SAP tables for all updates and interfaces (Link and LAN).
When disabled FCD-IPM does not send RIP/SAP frames, but receives and
processes RIP/SAP frames sent from other routers.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Routing/Bridging Menu 5-25
Station Ageing
AGEING ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
------
Enter ageing time for stations learned by Remote
Access Server.
ESC - Return to previous menu
Current station ageing (minutes): 60
New stations ageing (1- 255 minutes):
Figure 5-29. Station Aging Menu
Station aging determines the amount of time a station is allowed to be inactive
before it is removed from the network. A station is inactive when no traffic from it
is received by the FCD-IPM LAN interface. This parameter is used in IP routing
mode for ARP table aging and in bridge mode for MAC station table aging. Static
stations are not removed by the aging mechanism.
The default aging time is 60 minutes.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
2
Routing/Bridging
5
Station Ageing
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-26 Interface Parameters Menu
5.3 Interface Parameters Menu
Select this option to set general parameters and link, Frame Relay, ISDN or E1/T1
parameters.
The Interface Parameters menu is dynamic, depending on the hardware
configuration. Only those screens / parameters that are applicable to your interface
will appear.
Interface Parameters
3
1. Asynchronous
1. Status
2. Type
3. Connection
Type
4. Connection
Timeout (sec)
5. Control
Signals Mode
6. Clock
Rate
1Link
Settings
2
Device Control
1
Setup
Advanced Menu
5Frame
Relay
Settings
E1/T1
Settings
34ISDN
Settings
1. Clock
Master
2. Multiplier
4. General
Diagnostics
5. E1/T1
Parameters
7. Alarms
Filter
3. Time Slots
Mapping
3. Frame Relay
2.Synchronous
8. Advanced
Setup
6. Additional
Cards Parameters
SHDSL
Settings
2
1. SHDSL
Parameters
1. Line Mode
2. Standard
3. PSD
4. SNR Margin
5. SNR Margin
Threshhold
6. Loop Attenuation
Threshhold
2. SHDSL
Loops
Figure 5-30. Interface Parameters Menu Outline
To access the Interface Parameters menu:
1. In the Advanced Menu, press 1.
The Setup menu appears.
2. In the Setup menu, press 3.
The Interface Parameters menu appears.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-27
INTERFACE PARAMETERS (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Link settings
2. SHDSL settings
3. E1, T1, voice settings
4. ISDN settings
5. Frame relay settings
ESC - return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-31. Interface Parameters
The options in the Interface Parameters menu are described below.
Link Settings Menu
INTERFACE PARAMETERS ( Device name - 27 )
1. Link settings
2. E1, T1, voice settings
Press number to select or ESC to return to the previous menu:
Figure 5-32. Link Settings Menu
The Link Settings Menu lists parameters that are specific to the line hardware. The
Menu is dynamic, depending on which hardware interface and protocol you have
ordered.
The parameters that follow apply to all link types.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
3
Interface Parameters Menu
1
Link Settings Menu
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-28 Interface Parameters Menu
Table 5-14. Link Settings
Parameters Possible Values Description
Status Enabled
Disabled
Backup
Transmits frames. Normally you want all links in enabled status
Does not transmit frames. The link may be permanently
disabled, for example, when testing. A disabled line freezes all
link operation, including connection attempts and forwarding.
If a link is defined as backup to another, then whenever the
main link operates normally, the backup link is disabled. If the
main link fails, the backup link begins to operate and become
enabled. You must that the routing settings are correct so that
traffic will be forwarded to the desired destination via the
backup link. When you restore the main link connection, the
backup link becomes disabled again.
Type Synchronous
Asynchronous
Frame Relay
Data bits are transmitted at a fixed rate, because the sender and
the receiver are synchronized
Units of data are sent one character at a time. Characters are
preceded by start bits and followed by stop bits, which provide
synchronization at the receive terminal.
A packet-switching protocol for connecting devices on a WAN
Connection Type Originate only
Answer only
Answer & Originate
If the link is to be used to connect to the Internet or Intranet
If the link is to be used for receiving remote access connection
If the link is to be used for both incoming and out going
connections (not simultaneously)
Note: This parameter only affects dial-up link types
(asynchronous with modem or ISDN). For leased-line links,select
Answer-only.
Connection
Timeout (sec)
Specifies the connection timeout. The remote side has to answer
within the time allotted with the Connection Timeout. If within
this time there is no response, you are informed that the remote
side is no longer active.
This is meaningful only if the link is configured for PPP protocol.
Note: Connection timeout is only configured when the PPP
protcol is used.
Control Signals
Mode
ON, Ignore Determines whether the control signals are ignored or
acknowledged by link hardware
Baud Rate
Specifies the rate at which data is sent across the link
Note: For Synchronous and Asynchronous DCE links only.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-29
Table 5-14. Link Settings (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
Parity
Odd
Even
None
Specifies the parity. Parity is a method of checking for errors. A
parity bit is a non-information bit that is added to a group of bits
to ensure that the total number of bits in a character is odd or
even. If you know that the total number of bits must be odd any
group of bits whose total number is even must be erroneous.
Note: For Asynchronous links only.
Stop Bit 1, 2 Specifies the stop bit quantity. The stop bit is a signal at the end
of a character that instructs a receiving device to wait for a
subsequent signal.
Note: For Asynchronous links only.
Modem Settings Displays a menu which allows configuration of modem
parameters.
Note: For Asynchronous links only.
SHDSL Settings
SHDSL SETTINGS (Device name - FCD-IPM)
--------------
1. SHDSL parameters
2. SHDSL loops
ESC - return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-33. SHDSL Settings Menu
SHDSL link is used to transport E1 data. The SHDSL rate is always fixed, it is
determined by the number of E1 timeslots assigned to carry data (including
timeslot 0 and timeslot 16).
FCD-IPM can be configured to operate as an STU-C (central) or STU-R (remote)
device.
When configured as STU-C SHDSL rate is fixed (according to the number of E1
timeslots carrying data). When configured as STU-R, the SHDSL rate is adaptive.
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
3
Interface Parameters Menu
2
SHDSL Settings
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-30 Interface Parameters Menu
SHDSL Parameters
SHDSL parameters of FCD-IPM can be configured via SHDSL Parameters menu.
To configure the SHDSL parameters:
1. From the SHDSL Settings menu appears (see Figure 5-33), type 1.
The SHDSL Parameters menu appears (see Figure 5-34).
2. Type 1 to 6 to toggle between available values of the following parameters:
When selecting line mode of FCD-IPM with SHDSL interface, you must also specify
appropriate E1 master timing:
STU-C mode – Internal or Sublink 1 (for FCD-IPM units with sublink)
STU-R mode – Link 1.
SHDSL Parameters (Device name - FCD-IPM)
----------------
1. Line Mode : [STU-R]
2. Standard : [Annex B]
3. PSD : [Symmetric]
4. SNR Margin : [0 dB]
5. SNR Margin Threshold : 0
6. Loop Attn. Threshold : 0
Press the number to edit or ESC to return to the previous screen
Figure 5-34. SHDSL Parameters Menu
Table 5-15. SHDSL Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Line Mode
STU-C
STU-R
Operation mode of FCD-IPM with SHDSL interface:
Central Office
Customer Premises
Standard Annex A/B SHDSL standard compatibility (Annex A or Annex B)
Note
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-31
Table 5-15. SHDSL Parameters (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
PSD
Symmetric
Asymmetric
Power spectral density, amount of power applied to the
spectrum of frequencies that carry the information signal in
order to achieve a satisfactory level of signal strength at the
receiving end of the circuit
Supported in both Annex A and Annex B modes
Supported in Annex A at 768 kbps and in Annex B at 2048 kbps
SNR Margin Signal-to-noise margin (in dB)
SNR Margin
Threshold
0 dB to 15 dB Signal-to-noise ratio threshold. FCD-IPM sends trap, if the signal-
to-noise ratio on the line exceeds the threshold value
Loop Attn.
Threshold
0 dB to 127 dB Loop attenuation is difference (in dB) between the power
transmitted from FCD-IPM and the power received by the unit
operating at the other side of the application. By setting the
threshold, you instruct the FCD-IPM to generate a trap, if
selected loop attenuation threshold value is exceeded.
SHDSL Loops
FCD-IPM supports activation of local and remote loopbacks. The loopbacks are
activated via the SHDSL Loops menu.
To access the SHDSL Loops menu:
From the SHDSL Settings menu appears (see Figure 5-33), type 2.
The SHDSL Loops menu appears (see Figure 5-35).
SHDSL LOOPS (Device name - FCD-IPM)
1. Local unit loop : [Disabled ]
Press the number to edit or ESC to return to the previous screen
Figure 5-35. SHDSL Loops Menu
Table 5-16. SHDSL Loops
Parameters Possible Values Description
Local unit loop Disabled
Local Loopback
Remote Loopback
FCD-IPM operates normally, all loopbacks are disabled
In this mode, the data transmitted from FCD-IPM to the E1
interface is sent back to the received path (see Figure 5-36). The
SHDSL link is down when the local loopback is active
In this mode, FCD-IPM performs a loopback and transmits back
the data that was received from the SHDSL line
(see Figure 5-37). SHDSL link remains operative, when the
remote loopback is running
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-32 Interface Parameters Menu
E1 Interface
Loopback
FCD-IPM
SHDSL Interface
Figure 5-36. Local Loopback
E1 Interface
Loopback
FCD-IP
M
SHDSL Interface
E1
Service
Figure 5-37. Remote Loopback
.
Make sure that the SHDSL link is operating properly before running the remote
loopback.
Do not activate local loopback from the E1 Setup menu, when FCD-IPM is
equipped with E1 over SHDSL interface.
E1/T1 Settings
Select this option to configure the E1 or T1 parameters. The T1 parameters are
described in the T1 Setup Menu section on page 5-35 and the E1 parameters are
described in the E1 Setup Menu section on page 5-51.
FCD-IPM is an integrated router/bridge with E1/T1 and fractional E1/T1 services.
FCD-IPM is available in several options (refer to Figure 5-38, Figure 5-39 and
Figure 5-40)
For Example:
T1
T1 with sublink
E1
E1 with sublink
E1 or T1 with analog voice ports.
Note
Advanced Menu
1
Setup Menu
3
Interface Parameters Menu
2
E1/T1 Settings Menu
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-33
For the I/O Data Channel slots, additional card options are available. Refer to
Chapter 1.
Link1
FCD-IPM
Router/Bridge
E1/T1
Service
Figure 5-38. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface
Link1
FCD-IPM (E1/T1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link
E1/T1
Service
E1/T1 Service
or PABX
Figure 5-39. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface and Sublink
Link1
FCD-IPM (E1/T1 with Analog Voice Ports)
Router/Bridge
E1/T1
Service
Voice
Card
Figure 5-40. FCD-IPM with an E1/T1 Interface and Analog Voice Ports
FCD-IPM with sublink provides a drop & insert capability. The drop & insert
capability enables multiplexing of data from the local router/bridge, and voice from
the local PABX, to the E1/T1 main link. The I/O Data channels function with the
same logic.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-34 Interface Parameters Menu
T1 Features
Nominal rate - 1.544 Mbps
Data rates are multiples of 56 Kbps or 64 Kbps (N x 56 Kbps or N x 64 Kbps,
N = 1 - 24)
Time slot assignment is user selectable
Link interface includes integral CSU/DSU depending on user configuration of
the transmit level, 0 to -22.5 dB for Channel Service Unit (CSU) or 0-655 feet
for Data Service Unit (DSU)
Framing modes: Super Frame (SF (D4)) or Extended Super Frame (ESF)
Line code: Alternate Mark Inversion (AMI)
Zero suppression modes: B8ZS, B7ZS or transparent
Master system clock:
Internal oscillator
Recovered from the link 1 received data
Recovered from the sublink received data (for FCD-IPM with a Sublink).
Variety of Loopback possibilities:
Network activated loopbacks (PLB, LLB)
Facility Data Link (FDL) loopbacks
User-configurable local or remote loopbacks.
Extended Super Frame (ESF) diagnostic for previous 24 hours collected in
15-minute intervals (according to the AT&T PUB 54016).
E1 Features
Nominal rate - 2.048 Mbps
Data rates are multiples of 56 Kbps or 64 Kbps (N x 56 kbps or
N x 64 kbps, N = 1…31)
Time slot assignment is user selectable
E1 interface with or without LTU
Interfaces: balanced or unbalanced
Framing modes: G732N and G732S
Optional Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC-4)
Line code: HDB3
Master system clock:
Internal oscillator
Recovered from the link 1 received data
Recovered from the sublink received data (for FCD-IPM with a Sublink).
Loopback: User-configurable local or remote loopbacks
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-35
When CRC-4 is enabled, diagnostics are available for the last 24 hours
collected in 15-minute intervals (similar to the AT&T PUB 54016).
T1 Setup Menu
T1 SETUP: LINK 1 (Device name - FCD-IPM)
----------------
1. Clock master : [Link 1]
2. Multiplier : [64 kbps]
3. Time slots mapping
4. General Diagnostics
5. T1 parameters
6. Additional Cards parameters
7. Alarms filter
8. Advanced Setup
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 5-41. T1 Setup Menu
Table 5-17. T1 Setup Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Clock Master
Internal
Link 1
I/O1 SUB T1
I/O2 SUB T1
FIX SUB T1
Selects the source clock that synchronizes the whole T1
network
FCD-IPM generates the system source clock from an internal
clock oscillator.
FCD-IPM recovers the clock from the data received from the
T1 link1
For FCD-IPM with a sublink:
FCD-IPM recovers the clock from the data received from one
of the T1 sublinks
Multiplier 56 kbps, 64 kbps Sets the data rate of each DATA time slot.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-36 Interface Parameters Menu
Table 5-17. T1 Setup Parameters (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
Time Slots
Mapping
Data link1
FIX SUB Voice
FIX SUB Data
FIX Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O1 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O2 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O1 SUB Data
I/O2 SUB Data
I/O1 SUB Voice
I/O2 SUB Voice
I/O1 Channel
I/O2 Channel
Configures the routing and the type of individual timeslots for
the link. Figure 5-42 shows the type of timeslots entering the
multiplexer (MUX) (for FCD-IPM with a T1 sublink)
For data from router/bridge
For voice from sublink
For data from sublink
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For data from I/O1 sublink
For data from I/O2 sublink
For voice from I/O1 sublink
For voice from I/O2 sublink
For I/O1 n x 64/56 data port
For I/O2 n x 64/56 data port
Note: For a multiplier of 64 kbps all timeslots can be
configured to DATA. But, for a multiplier of 56 kbps, a
maximum of 16 timeslots can be configured to DATA.
For FCD-IPM with a T1 Sublink, this limitation does not exist
for timeslots configured to the VOICE or DATA SUB type.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-37
T1 TIME SLOTS MAPPING: LINK 1 ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
-----------------------------
TS1 [DATA LINK1 ] TS13 [NC ]
TS2 [DATA LINK1 ] TS14 [I/O1 VOICE 1 ]
TS3 [NC ] TS15 [I/O1 VOICE 2 ]
TS4 [NC ] TS16 [NC ]
TS5 [FIX SUB-VOICE ] TS17 [NC ]
TS6 [FIX SUB-VOICE ] TS18 [NC ]
TS7 [FIX SUB-DATA ] TS19 [I/O2 VOICE 1 ]
TS8 [NC ] TS20 [I/O2 VOICE 4 ]
TS9 [NC ] TS21 [NC ]
TS10 [NC ] TS22 [NC ]
TS11 [NC ] TS23 [NC ]
TS12 [NC ] TS24 [NC ]
Enter time slot number (0 refers to all the time slots)
Press 'ENTER' - to toggle the time slot type
Press 'ESC' - to Return to previous menu
Time slot number :
Figure 5-42. T1 Time Slots Mapping Screen
Link1
FCD-IPM (with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link
DATA LINK1
DATA LINK1
SUB-DATA
SUB-VOICE
SUB-DATA/SUB-VOICE
T1 Service
or PABX
T1
Service
Figure 5-43. Time Slots Mapping (for FCD-IPM with a T1 Sublink)
General Diagnostics
Select this option to allow you to select the card on which the diagnostics is to be
performed. A toggle option appears on the bottom of the screen. Use the
spacebar to toggle between the card types. Press Enter to access the diagnostics
screen.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-38 Interface Parameters Menu
For the cards:
Main Link
Fix sub
I/O1 sub
I/O2 sub
The E1/T1 Loopback diagnostic test is selected.
For the cards:
Fix Voice
I/O 1 Voice
I/O 2 Voice
Voice Diagnostics is selected.
Loopback
Loopback options are:
Disabled
Main Link Remote Analog Loopback – In this mode, FCD-IPM performs an
analog loopback and transmits back the data that was received from the T1
line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-44.
Link1 T1 Interface
Loopback
FCD-IPM
Analog
Front End
T1
Service
Figure 5-44. Remote Analog Loopback
Sublink Remote Analog Loopback (for FCD-IPM with a sublink) – In this
mode,
FCD-IPM performs an analog loopback and transmits back the data that was
received from the sub T1 line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-45.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-39
Link1
FCD-IPM (T1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link T1
Interface
Analog
Front End
Loopback
T1
Service
T1 Service
or PABX
Figure 5-45. Remote Analog Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links
Main Link Remote Digital Loopback – In this mode FCD-IPM performs a
digital loopback and transmits back the signal that was received from the T1
line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-46.
Link1 T1 Interface
Loopback
FCD-IPM
Digital
Front End
T1
Service
Figure 5-46. Remote Digital Loopback
Sublink Remote Digital Loopback (for FCD-IPM with a sublink) – In this
mode
FCD-IPM performs a digital loopback and transmits back the signal that was
received from the sub T1 line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-47.
Link1
FCD-IPM (T1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link T1
Interface
Digital
Front End Loopback
T1
Service
T1 Service
or PABX
Figure 5-47. Remote Digital Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-40 Interface Parameters Menu
Main Link Local Analog Loopback – In this mode the data transmitted from
FCD-IPM to the T1 line is sent back to the receive path instead of the received
data from the T1 line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-48.
Link1 T1 Interface
FCD-IPM
Loopback
T1
Service
Figure 5-48. Local Analog Loopback
Sublink Local Analog Loopback (for FCD-IPM with a sublink) – In this mode
the data transmitted from FCD-IPM to the sub T1 line is sent back to the
receive path instead of the received data from the sub T1 line. The loopback is
shown in Figure 5-49.
Link1
FCD-IPM (T1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
T1 Service
or PABX
Sub Link T1
Interface
T1
Service
Loopback
Figure 5-49. Local Analog Loopback for T1 and Sub T1 Links
Voice Diagnostic Tools
There are three voice diagnostic tools that are available for FCD-IPM. They can be
set independently for each voice port:
Tone injection to the voice porta 1 kHz signal is injected into the receive
voice port path, replacing any receive signal from T1
Tone injection to the T1 – a 1 kHz signal is injected into the receive voice
port path, replacing any receive signal from T1, and injected into the T1
transmit path, replacing any transmit signal to T1
Remote port loopback – the voice port signal which is received from T1 is
transmitted back to T1.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-41
T1 Link Parameters
T1 PARAMETERS: LINK 1 (Device name - FCD-IPM)
---------------------
1. Frame type : [ESF]
2. Line code : [B8ZS]
3. Tx line mask : [0-133 ft / 0 dB]
4. Sync : [FAST]
5. Idle code (hex): 7C
6. Rx gain : [36 dB]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Figure 5-50. T1 Parameters Link1 Menu
The list of options may vary according to the system configuration. Additional
options to those shown in the figure above may be included and are listed below.
Table 5-18. T1 Parameters Link1 Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Frame Type
ESF
SF
Sets the T1 framing type
24 frames per multiframe
12 frames per multiframe
Line Code B7ZS
B8ZS
Transparent
Sets the line coding method used for zero suppression. The zero
suppression method is used to avoid long strings of '0', because
these strings do not carry timing information.
Tx Line Mask 0–133 ft / 0 dB
133–266 ft
266–399 ft
399–533 ft
533–655 ft
7.5 dB
15 dB
22.5 dB
Controls the link transmit signal characteristics.
Options depend on whether the link should be configured with
CSU.
When the link is configured without CSU, the transit signal mask
is selected according to the transit line length (0-655 ft.), to meet
DSX-1 requirements.
When the link is configured with CSU, the transit signal is
attenuated by 7.5, 15, or 22.5 dB.
Note
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-42 Interface Parameters Menu
Table 5-18. T1 Parameters Link1 Parameters (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
Sync
FAST
AT&T 62411
Defines the time required for the link to return to normal
operation after a red alarm event has terminated.
1 second
10 seconds
Idle Code 00 to FF Sets the value to be transmitted on the NC time slots
Rx Gain 30 dB, 36 dB Sets the maximum receive sensitivity for the T1 interface
Remote Alarm
Indication (for
FCD-IPM with a
Sublink)
When configuring this parameter from the T1 Parameters menu,
select this parameter to determine whether to transmit a yellow
alarm indication on the T1 sublink when Link 1 is in yellow
alarm state.
When configuring this parameter from the Sublink T1
Parameters menu, select this parameter to determine whether to
transmit a yellow alarm indication on Link 1 when sublink T1 is
in either yellow or red alarm state.
Note: When Link 1 is in red alarm state, an “all ones” indication
is sent to all of the T1 sublinks.
Out-Of-Service
Signaling (for
FCD-IPM with a
sublink)
MARK
SPACE
MARK-SPACE
SPACE-MARK
Determines the value of the A, B signaling bits sent to Link 1
when the sublink is in the Out-Of-Service state. The C and D
signaling bits are not affected.
Both A and B signaling bits are forced to '1' during out-of-service
period
Both A and B signaling bits are forced to '0' during out-of-service
period
The A and B signaling bits are forced to '1' for 2.5 seconds, then
shift to the '0' state until the out-of-service period ends
The A and B signaling bits are forced to '0' for 2.5 seconds, then
shift to the '1' state until the out-of-service period ends.
Sublink Status
(for FCD-IPM
with a sublink)
Enable or Disable
Additional Cards Parameters
Select this option to allow you to select the card for which parameters are to be
displayed. A toggle option appears on the bottom of the screen. Use the Space
bar to toggle between the card types. Press Enter to access the parameters screen.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-43
Card options are:
Sub depending on your hardware installation options are:
Fix Sub – parameters for T1 are shown as those in T1 Link Parameters.
I/O1 Sub
I/O2 Sub
Voice
Fix Voice
I/O1Voice
I/O2 Voice.
Voice Parameters
FCD-IPM has optional voice capabilities.
FXS Voice Interface
VOICE PARAMETERS: (Device name - FCD-IPM , I/O1 VOICE)
-----------------
1. TX/RX gains
2. Coding law : [µ LAW]
3. On/off hook from the T1 on : [A bit]
4. On/off hook to the T1 on : [A bit]
5. Default ABCD to the T1 : [0001]
6. Polarity : [Disabled]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-51. FXS Voice Interface
RX/TX Gains
Select this parameter to specify the nominal input level of the receive and transmit
paths for each voice port. The input level range is –10 to +5 dBm.
Coding Law
Select this parameter to specify the compounding law to be used by the voice
channels. The values are:
µ Law Coding for T1 links.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-44 Interface Parameters Menu
On/off hook from the T1 On
Select this parameter to specify the receive mode for on/off hook signaling from T1
into FXS. The values are:
A bit When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
A bit inverted When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
B bit When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
B bit inverted When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
On/off hook to the T1 On
Select this parameter to specify the transmission mode for on/off hook signaling
from FXS to T1. The values are:
A bit For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 1 towards T1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 0 towards T1
A bit inverted For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 0 towards T1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 1 towards T1
B bit For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 1 towards T1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 0 towards T1
B bit inverted For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 0 towards T1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 1 towards T1.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-45
Default ABCD to the T1
Select this parameter to specify signaling bits that are not in use for the on/off hook
or for the polarity (if enabled). Those bits will be transmitted towards T1.
Polarity (polarity reversal, also known as Wink Start Reversal)
When polarity is configured as Enabled, the polarity signal is received from T1
either on the B bit (while the on/off hook from T1/E1 parameter is configured to
A bit or A bit inverted), or on the A bit (while the on/off hook from T1/E1 parameter
is configured to B bit or B bit inverted).
FXO Voice Interface
VOICE PARAMETERS: ( Device name - FCD-IPM , I/O1 Voice)
-----------------
1. TX/RX gains
2. Coding law : [µ LAW]
3. On/off hook from the T1 on : [A bit]
4. Ring Detection to the T1 on: [A bit]
5. Default ABCD to the T1 : [0000]
6. Polarity : [Disabled]
7. Signaling Feedback : [Disabled]
8. Out of Service method : [Forced Idle]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-52. FXO Voice Interface
RX/TX Gains
Select this parameter to specify the nominal input level of the receive and transmit
paths for each voice port. The input level range is –10 to +5 dBmm.
Coding Law
Select this parameter to specify the companding law to be used by the voice
channels. The values are:
µ Law Coding for T1 links.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-46 Interface Parameters Menu
On/off hook from the T1 On
Select this parameter to specify the receive mode for on/off hook signaling from T1
into FXO. The values are:
A bit When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
A bit inverted When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
B bit When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
B bit inverted When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXO interface.
Ring Detection to T1 On
Select this parameter to specify the ring detection signaling transmission mode
from FXO towards T1. The values are:
A bit For ring detection the A bit signaling will be set to 1 towards T1
For no ring detection the A bit signaling will be set to 0 towards T1
A bit inverted For ring detection the A bit signaling will be set to 0 towards T1
For no ring detection the A bit signaling will be set to 1 towards T1
B bit For ring detection the B bit signaling will be set to 1 towards T1
For no ring detection the B bit signaling will be set to 0 towards T1
B bit inverted For ring detection the B bit signaling will be set to 0 towards T1
For no ring detection the B bit signaling will be set to 1 towards T1.
Default ABCD to the T1
This parameter specifies the default signaling bits that are not used for ring
detection or for polarity (if Enabled). Those bits will be transmitted towards T1.
Polarity (polarity reversal, also known as Wink Start Reversal)
When polarity is configured as Enabled, the polarity signal is received from T1
either on the B bit (while the on/off hook from T1/E1 parameter is configured to
A bit or A bit inverted), or on the A bit (while the on/off hook from T1/E1 parameter
is configured to B bit or B bit inverted).
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-47
Signaling Feedback
This parameter is set to:
Enabled feedback of the on/off hook signaling that was received from T1 is
transmitted back to T1
Disabled feedback of the on/off hook signaling that was received from T1 is not
transmitted back to T1.
Out of Service Method
This parameter specifies the on/off hook signaling in FXO when an Out of Service
condition is indicated in the T1 link. The values are:
Forced Idle signaling is held on hook for the duration of the Out of Service condition
Forced Busy signaling is held off hook for the duration of the Out of Service condition.
E & M Voice Interface
VOICE PARAMETERS: (Device name - FCD-IPM I/O1 Voice)
-----------------
1. TX/RX gains
2. Interface type : [4W]
3. E&M type : [A bit]
4. Coding law : [µ LAW]
5. E signal from the T1 on: [A bit]
6. M signal to the T1 on : [A bit]
7. Default ABCD to the T1 : [0000]
8. Out of Service method : [Forced Idle]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-53. E & M Voice Interface
RX/TX Gains
Select this parameter to specify the nominal input level of the receive and transmit
paths for each voice port. The input level range is –10 to +5 dBm.
Interface Type
This parameter specifies the interface type:
2W two-wire interface
4W four-wire interface.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-48 Interface Parameters Menu
E&M Type
This parameter specifies the E&M signaling mode:
Type1
Type2
Type3
Type5 – SSDC5.
Coding law
Select this parameter to specify the compounding law to be used by the voice
channels. The values are:
µ Law Coding – for T1 links.
E signal from the T1 On
Select this parameter to specify the E signal receive mode from T1 into E&M. The
values are:
A bit When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then the E signal will be
activated in the E&M interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then the E signal will be
inactivated in the E&M interface
A bit inverted When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 0 then the E signal will be
activated in the E&M interface
When the received A bit signal from T1 equals 1 then the E signal will be
inactivated in the E&M interface
B bit When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then the E signal will be
activated in the E&M interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then the E signal will be
inactivated in the E&M interface
B bit inverted When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 0 then the E signal will be
activated in the E&M interface
When the received B bit signal from T1 equals 1 then the E signal will be
inactivated in the E&M interface.
Default ABCD to the T1
This parameter specifies the default signaling bits that are not used for the
M signal. Those bits will be transmitted towards T1.
Out of Service Method
This parameter specifies the E signaling state in E&M when an Out of Service
condition is indicated in the T1 link. The values are:
Forced Idle T1 signal is held at inactive for the duration of the Out of Service condition
Forced Busy T1 signal is held at active for the duration of the Out of Service condition
Idle Busy T1 signal is held at inactive for 2.5 seconds, and then toggled to active
until the Out of Service condition end
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-49
Busy Idle T1 signal is held at active for 2.5 seconds, and then toggled to inactive
until the Out of Service condition end.
Time Slots for Voice Ports
Refer to Timeslots Mapping in Table 5-17.
A typical screen is shown in Figure 5-54.
T1 TIME SLOTS MAPPING: LINK 1 ( Device name - FCD-IPM )
-----------------------------
TS1 [DATA LINK1 ] TS13 [NC ]
TS2 [DATA LINK1 ] TS14 [I/O1 VOICE 1 ]
TS3 [NC ] TS15 [I/O1 VOICE 2 ]
TS4 [NC ] TS16 [NC ]
TS5 [FIX SUB-VOICE ] TS17 [NC ]
TS6 [FIX SUB-VOICE ] TS18 [NC ]
TS7 [FIX SUB-DATA ] TS19 [I/O2 VOICE 1 ]
TS8 [NC ] TS20 [I/O2 VOICE 4 ]
TS9 [NC ] TS21 [NC ]
TS10 [NC ] TS22 [NC ]
TS11 [NC ] TS23 [NC ]
TS12 [NC ] TS24 [NC ]
Enter time slot number (0 refers to all the time slots)
Press 'ENTER' - to toggle the time slot type
Press 'ESC' - to Return to previous menu
Time slot number :
Figure 5-54. T1 Time Slots Mapping Link1 Screen
Alarm Filter
The Alarm Log File can show all events and alarm statuses that have occurred in
the E1/T1 interface. You can use the Alarm Filter to mask or unmask events from
the Alarm Log File.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-50 Interface Parameters Menu
T1 ALARMS FILTER (Device name - FCD-IPM)
----------------
1. Frame slip : [Unmasked]
2. BPV error : [Unmasked]
3. Execive BPV : [Unmasked]
4. Execive error ratio: [Unmasked]
5. Signal loss : [Unmasked]
6. Yellow alarm : [Unmasked]
7. Red alarm : [Unmasked]
8. AIS red alarm : [Unmasked]
9. AIS : [Unmasked]
10. Network loop - LLB : [Unmasked]
11. Network loop - PLB : [Unmasked]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-55. T1 Alarms Filter Menu
Advanced Setup Menu
Select this option to configure the management via a dedicated time slot.
This feature enables management of the FCD-IPM by configuring a specific time
slot, of type MNGMNT. A new T1 management link is then created and assigned
with a unique host IP address, which is different from the LAN/WAN IP addresses
defined in other screens. The management host IP address is used for SNMP,
Telnet, TFTP software download or ping.
The management link must be of the IP router type, and is available to IP traffic
only.
Dedicated Time Slot Management Status
Select this parameter to enable management via the dedicated time slot. By
default, this is disabled.
Management Time Slot Number
Select this parameter to set the specific time slot number for management.
Management Host IP Address
Select this parameter to set a unique IP address.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-51
E1 Setup Menu
This section describes the parameters in the E1 Setup menu.
E1 Setup: LINK 1 (Device name – FCD-IPM)
------------------
1. Clock Master: [Link 1]
2. Multiplier : [64 kbps]
3. Time slots mapping
4. General Diagnostics
5. E1 parameters
6. Additional Cards parameters
7. Alarms filter
8. Advanced Setup
ESC – Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-56. E1 Setup Menu
Table 5-19. E1 Setup Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Clock Master
Internal
Link 1
I/O1 SUB E1
I/O2 SUB E1
FIX SUB E1
Selects the source clock that synchronizes the whole E1
network
FCD-IPM generates the system source clock from an internal
clock oscillator.
FCD-IPM recovers the clock from the data received from the
E1 link1
For FCD-IPM with a sublink
FCD-IPM recovers the clock from the data received from one
of the E1 sublinks
Multiplier 56 kbps, 64 kbps Sets the data rate of each DATA time slot.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-52 Interface Parameters Menu
Table 5-19. E1 Setup Parameters (Cont.)
Parameters Possible Values Description
Time Slots
Mapping
Data link1
FIX SUB Voice
FIX SUB Data
FIX Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O1 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O2 Voice (1, 2, 3, 4)
I/O1 SUB Data
I/O2 SUB Data
I/O1 SUB Voice
I/O2 SUB Voice
I/O1 Channel
I/O2 Channel
Configures the routing and the type of individual timeslots for
the link. Figure 5-57 shows the type of timeslots entering the
multiplexer (MUX) (for FCD-IPM with an E1 sublink)
For data from router/bridge
For voice from sublink
For data from sublink
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For analog voice port 1, 2, 3, 4
For data from I/O1 sublink
For data from I/O2 sublink
For voice from I/O1 sublink
For voice from I/O2 sublink
For I/O1 n x 64/56 data port
For I/O2 n x 64/56 data port
Note: For a multiplier of 64 kbps all timeslots can be
configured to DATA. But, for a multiplier of 56 kbps, a
maximum of 16 timeslots can be configured to DATA.
For FCD-IPM with an E1 Sublink, this limitation does not exist
for timeslots configured to the VOICE or DATA SUB type.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-53
E1 TIME SLOTS MAPPING: LINK1 (Device name – FCD-IPM)
---------------------
TS1 [DATA LINK1 ] TS17 [NC ]
TS2 [FIX SUB-VOICE] TS18 [NC ]
TS3 [FIX SUB-DATA ] TS19 [NC ]
TS4 [I/O1 VOICE 1 ] TS20 [NC ]
TS5 [I/O1 VOICE 2 ] TS21 [NC ]
TS6 [NC ] TS22 [NC ]
TS7 [NC ] TS23 [NC ]
TS8 [NC ] TS24 [NC ]
TS9 [NC ] TS25 [NC ]
TS10 [I/O2 CHANNEL ] TS26 [NC ]
TS11 [NC ] TS27 [NC ]
TS12 [NC ] TS28 [NC ]
TS13 [NC ] TS29 [NC ]
TS14 [NC ] TS30 [NC ]
TS15 [NC ] TS31 [NC ]
TS16 [NC ]
Enter time slot number (0 refer to all time slots)
Press ‘ENTER’ – to toggle the time slot type
Press ‘ESC’ - to Return to previous menu
Time slot number: 5
Figure 5-57. E1 Time Slots Mapping Screen
Link1
FCD-IPM (with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link
E1
Service
DATA DATA/DATA_SUB/VOICE
E1 Service
or PABX
DATA_SUB/VOICE
Figure 5-58. Time Slots Mapping (for FCD-IPM with an E1 Sublink)
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-54 Interface Parameters Menu
General Diagnostics
Select this option to allow you to select the card on which the diagnostics is to be
performed. A toggle option appears on the bottom of the screen. Use the Space
bar to toggle between the card types. Press Enter to access the diagnostics screen.
For the cards:
Main Link
Fix sub
I/O1 sub
I/O2 sub
The E1/T1 Loopback diagnostic test is selected.
For the cards:
Fix Voice
I/O 1 Voice
I/O 2 Voice
Voice Diagnostics is selected.
Loopback
Loopback options are:
Disabled
Main Link Remote Analog Loopback – In this mode, FCD-IPM performs an
analog loopback and transmits back the data that was received from the E1
line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-59.
FCD-IPM
E1 Interface
Loopback
E1
Service
Figure 5-59. Remote Analog Loopback
Sublink Remote Analog Loopback (for FCD-IPM with a Sublink) – In this
mode, FCD-IPM performs an analog loopback and transmits back the data that
was received from the sub E1 line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-60.
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-55
Link1
FCD-IPM (E1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
E1 Service
or PABX
Sub Link E1
Interface
E1
Service
Analog
Front End
Loopback
Figure 5-60. Remote Analog Loopback for E1 and Sub E1 Links
Main Link Local Analog Loopback – In this mode, the data transmitted from
FCD-IPM to the E1 line is sent back to the receive path, instead of the data
received from the E1 line. The loopback is shown in Figure 5-61.
FCD-IPM
E1 Interface
Loopback
E1
Service
Figure 5-61. Local Analog Loopback
Sublink Local Analog Loopback (for FCD-IPM with a Sublink) – In this mode
the data transmitted from FCD-IPM to the sub E1 line is sent back to the
receive path instead of the received data from the sub E1 line. The loopback is
shown in Figure 5-62.
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-56 Interface Parameters Menu
Link1
FCD-IPM (E1 with Sub Link)
Router/Bridge
Sub Link E1
Interface
Loopback
E1 Service
or PABX
E1
Service
Figure 5-62. Local Analog Loopback for E1 and Sub E1 Links
The local analog loopback is not available for FCD-IPM units equipped with E1 over
SHDSL interface.
Voice Diagnostic Tools
There are three voice diagnostic tools that are available for FCD-IPM. They can be
set independently for each voice port:
Tone injection to the voice port – a 1 kHz signal is injected into the receive
voice port path, replacing any receive signal from E1
Tone injection to the E1 – a 1 kHz signal is injected into the receive voice
port path, replacing any receive signal from E1, and injected into the E1
transmit path, replacing any transmit signal to E1
Remote port loopback – the voice port signal which is received from E1 is
transmitted back to E1.
E1 Link Parameters
Select this option to configure the parameters that follow.
E1 PARAMETERS: LINK 1 (Device name – FCD-IPM)
------------------------------
1. Frame type : [G732S]
2. CRC-4 : [ON]
3. Sync : [FAST]
4. Idle code (hex) : 7C
5. Rx gain : [30 dB]
ESC – Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-63. E1 Parameters
Note
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-57
Table 5-20. E1 Link1 Parameters
Parameters Possible Values Description
Frame Type G732N
G732S
2 frames per multiframe. Time slot 16 can be used for user data.
16 frames per multiframe. Time slot 16 is used for the Channel
Associated Signaling (CAS).
CRC-4 On, Off Cyclic Redundancy Check – enables or disables calculation of
4-bits check sum in order to detect errors in frames
Sync
FAST
AT&T 62411
CCITT
Defines the time required for the link to return to normal
operation after a red alarm event has terminated.
1 second
10 seconds
100 msec.
Idle Code 00 to FF Sets the value to be transmitted on the NC time slots
Rx Gain 12 dB, 30 dB Sets the maximum receive sensitivity for the E1 interface
Remote Alarm
Indication (for
FCD-IPM with a
Sublink)
When configuring this parameter from the E1 Parameters menu,
select this parameter to determine whether to transmit a yellow
alarm indication on the E1 sublink when Link 1 is in yellow
alarm state.
When configuring this parameter from the Sublink E1
Parameters menu, select this parameter to determine whether to
transmit a yellow alarm indication on Link 1 when sublink E1 is
in either yellow or red alarm state.
Note: When Link 1 is in red alarm state, an “all ones” indication
is sent to all of the E1 sublinks.
Out-Of-Service
Signaling (for
FCD-IPM with a
Sublink)
Mark
Space
Mark-space
Space-mark
Determines the value of the A, B signaling bits sent to Link 1
when the sublink is in the Out-Of-Service state. The C and D
signaling bits are not affected.
Both A and B signaling bits are forced to '1' during out-of-service
period
Both A and B signaling bits are forced to '0' during out-of-service
period
The A and B signaling bits are forced to '1' for 2.5 seconds, then
shift to the '0' state until the out-of-service period ends
The A and B signaling bits are forced to '0' for 2.5 seconds, then
shift to the '1' state until the out-of-service period ends.
Sublink Status
(for FCD-IPM
with a Sublink)
Enable or Disable
Chapter 5 Setup Menu FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual
5-58 Interface Parameters Menu
Additional Cards Parameters
Select this option to allow you to select the card for which parameters are to be
displayed. A toggle option appears on the bottom of the screen. Use the Space
bar to toggle between the card types. Press Enter to access the parameters screen.
Card options are:
Sub – depending on your hardware installation options are:
Fix Sub – parameters for E1 are shown as those in Table 5-19
I/O1 Sub
I/O2 Sub
Voice
Fix Voice
I/O1Voice
I/O2 Voice.
Voice Parameters
FCD-IPM has optional voice capabilities.
FXS Voice Interface
VOICE PARAMETERS: (Device name - FCD-IPM , I/O1 VOICE)
-----------------
1. TX/RX gains
2. Coding law : [A LAW]
3. On/off hook from the E1 on : [A bit]
4. On/off hook to the E1 on : [A bit]
5. Default ABCD to the E1 : [0001]
6. Polarity : [Disabled]
ESC - Return to previous menu
Choose one of the above:
Figure 5-64. FXS Voice Parameters
TX/RX Gains
Select this parameter to specify the nominal input level of the receive and transmit
paths for each voice port. The input level range is –10 to +5 dBm.
Coding Law
Select this parameter to specify the compounding law to be used by the voice
channels. The values are:
A Law coding for E1 links
FCD-IPM Installation and Operation Manual Chapter 5 Setup Menu
Interface Parameters Menu 5-59
On/off hook from the E1 on
Select this parameter to specify the receive mode for on/off hook signaling from E1
into FXS. The values are:
A bit When the received A bit signal from E1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received A bit signal from E1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
A bit inverted When the received A bit signal from E1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received A bit signal from E1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
B bit When the received B bit signal from E1 equals 1 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received B bit signal from E1 equals 0 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
B bit inverted When the received B bit signal from E1 equals 1 then on hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
When the received B bit signal from E1 equals 0 then off hook will be
indicated in the FXS interface
On/off hook to the E1 on
Select this parameter to specify the transmission mode for on/off hook signaling
from FXS to E1. The values are:
A bit For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 1 towards E1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 0 towards E1
A bit inverted For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 0 towards E1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted A bit signal will
be set to 1 towards E1
B bit For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 1 towards E1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 0 towards E1
B bit inverted For off hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 0 towards E1
For on hook indicated in the FXS interface, the transmitted B bit signal will
be set to 1 towards E1.
Default ABCD to the E1
Select this parameter to specify signaling bits that are not in use for the on/off hook
or for the polarity (if enabled). Those bits will be transmitted towards E1.