# Chp 7 ERB 3225 X Chp7Problems

User Manual: ERB 3225 X

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```Chapter Review Problems
Unit 7.1 Gross pay: Wages and incentive plans
1. The Fair Labor Standards Act applies to all employees. (T or F) False; Some employees are exempt, including many
managers and seasonal workers.
2. Some employers provide overtime pay that is superior to what the Fair Labor Standards Act requires. (T or F) True
3. The employees of Sunshine Outdoor Products are paid time and a half after 40 hours per week. Compute each
employee’s gross pay.
Total
hours

Regular Overtime Reg. rate Overtime Regular Overtime Gross
hours
hours per hour rate
pay
pay
pay

Name

M

T

W

Th

F

S

Don Day

8

8

8

10

8

4.5

46.5

40

6.5

8.00

12.00

320.00

78.00

398.00

Joy Erb

8

8

8

8

8

8

48

40

8

8.25

12.375

330.00

99.00

429.00

Bo Hart

8

8

8

8

8

0

40

40

0

7.25

10.875

290.00

0.00

290.00

Thu Ho

8

8

8

10

4

0

38

38

0

8.25

12.375

313.50

0.00

313.50

4. You and three classmates work for different companies. Your gross pay is \$1,295 a month. Betty earns \$640 semimonthly, Brad earns \$310 a week, and Meg earns \$600 biweekly. Who has the greatest gross pay?
You:
Betty:
Meg:

\$1,295  12
\$640  24
\$310  52.14 weeks
\$600  26.07 biweekly periods

\$15,540.00
\$15,360.00
\$16,163.40
\$15,642.00

5. Jay Hirschi sold eight new cars during the week. If he earns \$150 per sale, what is his gross pay for the week?
8 cars  \$150 = \$1,200
6. Tom Judkins sews sleeping bags. He is paid \$5.50 per hour plus \$1.50 per sleeping bag. During the week, Tom worked
40 hours and sewed 32 sleeping bags. What is Tom’s gross pay for the week?
Base salary: 40 hours  \$5.50
Piecework: 32 sleeping bags  \$1.50
Gross pay

\$220.00
+ 48.00
\$268.00

7. Brock Snyder assembles chairs. During the pay period, Brock assembled 344 chairs. Determine his gross pay, based
upon these piecework rates:
The first 100:
The next 100:
Thereafter:

\$1.75 per chair
\$2.00 per chair
\$2.25 per chair

100  \$1.75
100  \$2.00
+144  \$2.25
344

\$175
200
+ 324
\$699

8. Blanche Baker is a salesperson in a computer store and receives a \$1,200 semimonthly draw. Blanche is paid a 3% commission on net sales. During October, Blanche sold \$125,800 of merchandise; her share of sales returns was \$2,592.
Calculate Blanche’s commission payment for October.
Net sales: \$125,800 - \$2,592 returns = \$123,208
Commission: \$123,208  3%
Less draw: 2 draws  \$1,200
Commission still due

\$3,696.24
- 2,400.00
\$1,296.24

9. Alfonso Gallegos is a salesperson for a furniture store. He is paid a semimonthly salary of \$800 plus 3% of monthly net
sales over \$80,000. Alfonso’s sales during November were \$128,300. His share of returns were \$3,400. Determine his
gross pay for November.
Salary: 2  \$800
\$1,600
Commission:
Net sales: \$128,300 - \$3,400
\$124,900
Base amount
- 80,000
Overage
\$ 44,900

3%
+1,347
Total earnings
\$2,947
144

Chapter 7

Payroll

Unit 7.2 Payroll deductions for employees
10. Which statement is true?
a.
b.
c.

Social Security consists of (1) FICA and (2) Medicare.
FICA consists of (1) Social Security and (2) Medicare.
Medicare consists of (1) FICA and (2) Social Security.

(b) is true.

11. The number of allowances claimed on Form W-4 must match the number of exemptions claimed on the federal income
tax return. (T or F) False
12. American Pharmacy has three employees. Complete American’s weekly payroll register. Use: (a) 2001 FICA tax rates, (b)
the wage-bracket method shown in Illustrations 7-2 and 7-3, and (c) a 5% rate for withholding state income tax.
AMERICAN PHARMACY
Payroll Register
December 15, 2001
Gross pay this
Prior
Gross period subject to:
YTD pay this
earnings period
SS
MED

Employee

W-4
form

Dan Bevan

M-1

63,750

1,275

1,275

Ashlie Dobbs

S-1

14,580

810

810

Ian Rice

M-3

Totals

X

Deductions from employee’s pay
SS

MED

FIT

SIT

Other

Explain

Total

1,275

79.05

18.49

198.00

63.75

50.00

Savings

409.29

865.71

810

50.22

11.75

133.00

40.50

X

X

235.47

574.53

57.00

X

X

274.21

865.79

50.00

X

918.97 2,306.03

6,500

1,140

1,140

1,140

70.68

16.53

130.00

84,830

3,225

3,225

3,225

199.95

46.77

461.00 161.25

Net pay

13. Refer to Problem 12. What amount of federal income tax would be withheld for Dan Bevan if American used the
percentage method?
Step 1 Using Illustration 7-4, locate the weekly amount for 1 withholding allowance. Multiply by the number of
allowances: \$55.77  1 allowance = \$55.77
Step 2 Subtract the result of Step 1 from Dan’s gross pay: \$1,275.00 - \$55.77 = \$1,219.23
Step 3 Using Illustration 7-5, for married persons, find the range that includes the result of Step 2 (\$1,219.23). Use the
range labeled “over \$960 but not over \$2,023.” The amount to be withheld is \$125.40 plus 28% of the excess over
\$960:
Amount =
=
=
=

\$125.40 + 28%(\$1,219.23 - \$960.00)
\$125.40 + 28%(\$259.23)
\$125.40 + \$72.58
\$197.98

↑

Notice that this is 2¢ less than the \$198
found in Problem 12, using the wage-bracket method.

14. FICA tax and federal income tax are the same thing. (T or F)

False

15. Cliff Garton works for West Engineering Company. His gross pay for week 45 is \$1,800. Prior year-to-date earnings are
\$79,200. Using 2001 FICA tax rates, determine how much Social Security tax and Medicare tax should be withheld from
Cliff’s pay.
Social Security:
Limit
Prior earnings
Amount subject to Social Security tax

\$80,400
- 79,200
\$ 1,200

 6.2% = \$74.40

Medicare: \$1,800  1.45% = \$26.10

Chapter Review Problems

145

Unit 7.3 Employer taxes and settling up with the IRS
16. Employers withhold FICA tax from employees’ pay. Employers must pay matching amounts. (T or F)

True

17. FUT and SUT are withheld from employees’ pay. (T or F) False. Unemployment tax is an expense of employers.
For Problems 18–21, refer to Problem 12.
18. Determine American Pharmacy’s share of Social Security tax. \$199.95. American must pay a matching amount;
because \$199.95 was withheld from employee’s pay, American must pay an additional \$199.95 for Social Security.
19. Determine American’s share of Medicare tax. \$46.77. American must pay a matching amount.
20. Calculate American’s FUT and SUT. Assume a SUT rate of 2.5% on the first \$15,000 paid each employee each year.
Employee

Prior YTD
Earnings

Gross pay this Gross pay this pay period subject to
period
FUT
SUT
1,275
0
0

Dan Bevan

63,750

Tom Hess

14,580

810

0

420

Amy Salk

6,500

1,140

500

1,140

X

3,225

Total
Tax rates
Tax

500

1,560

0.8%

2.5%

\$4.00

\$39.00

21. American incurs these additional payroll expenses: (a) health insurance of \$100 per employee and (b) a contribution to employees’ retirement plans at 8% of gross pay. What is American’s total payroll expense for this pay period
(including wages)?
Gross pay (from Problem 12)
Employer’s share of Social Security tax (from Problem 18)
Employer’s share of Medicare tax (from Problem 19)
FUT (from Problem 20)
SUT (from Problem 20)
Health insurance premiums: 3 employees  \$100
Contribution to employees’ retirement plans: \$3,225  8%
Total payroll expenses

\$3,225.00
199.95
46.77
4.00
39.00
300.00
+ 258.00
\$4,072.72

22. To avoid an underpayment penalty on federal income tax, a taxpayer can make estimated payments of sufficient
amount. (T or F) True
23. Estimated payments are a guess, based on projected income and deductions. (T or F) True
For Problems 24–26, consider the tax situation of Lee Albert, a self-employed artist. Lee’s 2001 net income is \$94,300.
24. Calculate Lee’s self-employment FICA tax, to the nearest dollar.
Step 1 \$94,300  92.35% = \$87,086 (rounded)
Step 2 FICA tax on first \$80,400: \$80,400  15.3%
FICA tax on remainder: 2.9%(\$87,086 - \$80,400)
Total, rounded

\$12,301.20
+ 193.89
\$12,495.00

25. When Lee prepares his 2001 federal income tax return, his federal income tax is figured at \$17,211 (not including
self-employment FICA tax). What is Lee’s total tax liability?
Federal income tax
Self-employment FICA tax (from Problem 24)
Total tax liability

\$17,211
+ 12,495
\$29,706

26. If Lee made quarterly estimated tax payments of \$8,000 per payment, calculate the dollar amount of refund or
balance due.
Total tax liability (from Problem 25)
\$29,706
Amounts already paid to IRS: 4  \$8,000
\$32,000
Lee has paid too much to the IRS; he will get a refund of \$2,294 (\$32,000 - \$29,706).

146

Chapter 7

Payroll

Challenge problems
For Problems 27 and 28, consider the situation of Janele Stratton. Janele assembles tents. She is paid \$8.50 per hour plus \$2.50
per tent.
27. During the week, Janele worked 40 hours and completed 48 tents. What is her gross pay for the week?
Base salary: 40 hours  \$8.50
Piecework: 48 tents  \$2.50
Gross pay

\$340.00
+ 120.00
\$460.00

28. Calculate Janele’s average hourly wage for the week.
\$460 gross pay  40 hours = \$11.50 per hour
For Problems 29–31, consider the paycheck of Taryn Olds, who works for National Technologies. Taryn earns \$1,225 each week.
Her prior year-to-date earnings are \$6,125. She is married and claims 2 withholding allowances.
29. Calculate Taryn’s payroll deductions for this pay period: (a) Social Security tax; (b) Medicare tax; (c) federal
income tax (using the wage-bracket method); and (d) state income tax (figured as 6.5% of gross pay).
Social Security tax: \$1,225  6.2% = \$75.95
Medicare tax: \$1,225  1.45% = \$17.76
Federal income tax: \$168 (Illustration 7-3, “at least \$1,220 but less than \$1,230,” 2 withholding allowances)
State income tax: \$1,225  6.5% = \$79.63
30. Taryn has National withhold \$75 each week for a savings plan. What is the amount of Taryn’s paycheck?
Gross pay
Less deductions:
Social Security tax
Medicare tax
Federal income tax
State income tax
Savings plan deduction
Total deductions
Net pay

\$1,225.00
\$ 75.95
17.76
168.00
79.63
+ 75.00
- 416.34
\$ 808.66

31. Determine National’s payroll expenses, as a result of Taryn’s wages: (a) Social Security tax; (b) Medicare tax; (c) FUT;
and (d) SUT (assume that National pays 2% on the first \$10,000).
Social security tax: Matching amount from Problem 29
Medicare tax: Matching amount from Problem 29
FUT:
Limit:
\$7,000
Prior year-to-date earnings
- 6,125
Amount subject to FUT
\$ 875  0.8%
SUT: \$1,225  2%

\$75.95
\$17.76

\$ 7.00
\$24.50

32. Galey and Connie Colosimo filed their 2001 income tax return in April 2002. They listed Galey’s wages of \$38,000,
Connie’s business net income of \$53,000, and exemptions and deductions they were entitled to. Their federal
income tax liability came to \$16,378 and Connie’s self-employment FICA tax was \$7,489. Galey’s employer withheld \$2,356 for Social Security; \$551 for Medicare; \$4,940 for federal income tax; and \$2,100 for state income tax.
Galey and Connie paid quarterly estimates of \$4,500 per payment. Calculate their overpayment or underpayment.
Amounts owed to IRS
Income tax liability
\$16,378
Connie’s self-employment tax
+ 7,489
Total tax liability
\$23,867

Federal income tax w/h Galey’s pay
\$ 4,940
Estimated payments: 4  \$4,500
+18,000
\$22,940

Galey and Connie have not paid enough. They owe an additional \$927 (\$23,867 - \$22,940).

Chapter Review Problems

147

Practice Test
1.

Tan Ho is paid weekly at a rate of \$9.75 per hour. Calculate Tan’s gross pay for the week, assuming he worked 44
hours and receives time and a half after the first 40 hours.
Overtime hours: 44 total hours - 40 regular hours = 4 overtime hours
Overtime rate: \$9.75 regular rate  1.5 = \$14.625
Pay for regular hours: 40 hours  \$9.75
Pay for overtime: 4 hours  \$14.625
Gross pay for week

2.

You have two job offers: \$3,500 a month, and \$820 weekly. Which offer results in the greatest gross pay?
Monthly: \$3,500  12
Weekly: \$820  52.14

3.

\$300.00
+ 157.50
\$457.50

Gilbert Wilcox works for Gardner Engineering Company. Gilbert earns \$2,000 a week during 2001 and has prior
year-to-date earnings of \$80,000. Using 2001 rates, what amount should Gardner withhold for FICA tax?
Social Security tax:
Limit
Prior earnings
Amount subject to Social Security tax
Medicare tax: \$2,000  1.45%
Total FICA tax

5.

\$42,000.00
\$42,754.80

Geraldine Upton sews coats. She is paid \$7.50 per hour plus \$2.50 per coat. During the week, she worked 40
hours and sewed 63 coats. What is Geraldine’s gross pay for the week?
Base salary: 40 hours  \$7.50
Piecework: 63 coats  \$2.50
Gross pay

4.

\$390.00
+ 58.50
\$448.50

\$80,400
- 80,000
\$ 400  6.2%

\$24.80
+ 29.00
\$53.80

Irving Fox works for Green Landscaping Company. Irving’s weekly gross pay during 2001 is \$800. Irving is single
and claims 1 exemption. What amount of federal income tax should Green withhold, assuming Green uses the percentage method?
Step 1 Using Illustration 7-4, locate the weekly amount for 1 withholding allowance. Multiply by the number of
allowances: \$55.77  1 allowance = \$55.77
Step 2 Subtract the result of step 1 from Irving’s gross pay: \$800.00 - 55.77 = \$744.23
Step 3 Using Illustration 7-5, for single persons, find the range that includes the result of Step 2 (\$744.23). Use the
range labeled “over \$552 but not over \$1,196.” The amount to be withheld is \$75.15 plus 28% of the excess
over \$552:
Amount =
=
=
=

\$75.15 + 28%(\$744.23 - \$552.00)
\$75.15 + 28%(\$192.23)
\$75.15 + \$53.82
\$128.97

6.

Employers pay no FICA tax; they simply withhold FICA tax from employees’ pay. (T or F)

7.

Mindy Lowe works for Founders Hospital. She is paid \$1,600 for the month of May 2001. Her prior year-to-date
earnings are \$6,400. Calculate Founder’s FUT on Mindy’s pay.
Limit:
Prior earnings
Amount subject to FUT

148

Chapter 7

Payroll

\$7,000
- 6,400
\$ 600  0.8% = \$4.80

False

8.

Clint Perry is a self-employed accountant. Clint’s net income during 2001 was \$105,200. Calculate Clint’s 2001
self-employment FICA tax.
Step 1 \$105,200  92.35% = \$97,152 (rounded)
Step 2 FICA tax on first \$80,400: \$80,400  15.3%
FICA tax on remainder: 2.9%(\$97,152 - \$80,400)
Total, rounded

9.

\$12,301.20
+ 485.81
\$12,787.00

Terry and Margie Anderson filed their 2001 income tax return in March 2002. They listed Margie’s wages, Terry’s
business net income, and exemptions and deductions they were entitled to. Their federal income tax liability came
to \$13,280, and Terry’s self-employment FICA tax was \$4,192. Margie’s employer withheld \$1,860 for Social
Security, \$435 for Medicare, \$7,970 for federal income tax, and \$1,625 for state income tax. Terry and Margie made
quarterly estimates of \$2,500 per payment. Calculate their overpayment or underpayment.
Amounts owed to IRS
Income tax liability
\$13,280
Terry’s self-employment tax
+ 4,192
Total tax liability
\$17,472

Federal income tax w/h Margie’s pay
\$ 7,970
Estimated payments: 4  \$2,500
+10,000
\$17,970

Terry and Margie have paid too much. They will get a refund of \$498 (\$17,970 - \$17,472).

Practice Test

149

```

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