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Test Tools Catalog Volume one, 2007 Fluke Ti20 Thermal Imager Fluke 975 AirMeter™ Fluke 1587 Insulation Multimeter Find it. Fix it. Fast. Fluke 199C Color ScopeMeter® Test Tools Catalog Volume 37, 2007 Contents Fluke tools for: Commercial Electricians....................................... 3 Industrial Electricians........................................... 4 HVAC/IAQ Technicians......................................... 5 Online resource centers................................... 6 Fluke test tool information.............................. 7 Safety and its importance................................ 8 Service, repair, and calibration..................... 9 Digital Multimeters Multimeter Selection Guide............................... 10 Faster, Safer Multimeters................................... 11 189 Logging Multimeter..................................... 12 FlukeView Forms® Software............................. 13 87V Industrial Multimeter.................................. 14 179 Digital Multimeter........................................ 15 Family of True-rms Digital Multimeters........... 16 117 and 115 True-rms Digital Multimeters.......17 116 and 114 True-rms Digital Multimeters...... 18 77-IV and 73-III Digital Multimeters................ 19 27 Waterproof Multimeter................................. 19 88V Automotive Multimeter..............................20 8845A/8846A 6.5 Digit Precision Multimeters.......................................................... 21 Electrical Testers T3 and T5 Electrical Testers, VoltAlert™..........22 9040 Rotary Field Indicator..............................22 Earth Ground Testers 1625 and 1623 Geo Earth Ground Testers......23 1630 Earth Ground Clamp Meter, Handy Geo Earth Ground Tester.......................24 Power Quality Analyzers 430 Series Power Quality Analyzers................25 43B Power Quality Analyzer.............................26 1760 Power Quality Recorder, 1650 RPM Power Recorder................................................... 27 1740 Series Three-Phase PQ Loggers, VR101S Voltage Event Recorder System.........28 1735 Three-Phase Power Logger, Norma 4/5000 Power Analyzers......................29 Clamp Meters Fluke 345 and LH1050, LH1060 Power Clamp Meters..........................................30 Fluke 360 and LH41 Current Clamp Meters, LH2015 True-rms Clamp Meter......................... 31 Better Clamp Meters from Fluke.......................32 330 and 320 Series Clamp Meters...................33 902 True-rms HVAC Clamp Meter....................54 Insulation Testers and MegOhmMeters 1550B and 1520 Megohmmeters.....................34 1587 and 1577 Insulation Multimeters............35 1507 and 1503 Insulation Testers....................36 Process Calibration Tools Process Tools Selection Guide........................... 37 744, 743B, 741B Documenting Process Calibrators............................................................38 726, 725 Precision Multifunction Process Calibrators............................................................39 724, 714, 712 Temperature Calibrators............40 718, 717 Pressure Calibrator, 700 Series Pressure Modules................................................ 41 715, 707, 705 Loop Calibrators.........................42 789, 787 Process Meters....................................43 771 Milliamp Process Clamp Meter..................44 9102S, 9100S Handheld Drywell Temperature Calibrators....................................44 Intrinsically Safe Products 707Ex, 718Ex, 725Ex, 700PEx, 574-NI, 68IS, 87V Ex........................................................45 Thermal Imagers Ti40/Ti50 Series IR FlexCam® Thermal Imagers...........................................46-47 Ti20 Thermal Imager..........................................48 Ti30™ Thermal Imager.......................................49 TiR4, TiR3, TiR2 IR FlexCam™ Thermal Imagers and IR InSight XS, XST Thermal Imagers.........................................50 Thermometers 570 Series Infrared Thermometers................... 51 54 Series II Contact Thermometers..................52 561 HVACPro Thermometer...............................52 60 Series Infrared Thermometers.....................53 United States General product and sales information: 1-888-44-FLUKE Fluke Thermal Imagers: 1-800-760-4620 (U.S. only) all other regions 1-425-446-4620 Service and calibration: 1-800-993-5853 Parts: 1-800-526-4731 Canada General product and sales information: 1-800-36-FLUKE Service, parts and calibration: 1-800-36-FLUKE email@example.com Australia General product and sales information: (2) 8850-3333 Parts: (2) 8850-3333 Service and calibration: (2) 9771-9300 Singapore General product and sales information: 6738-5655 firstname.lastname@example.org Service, parts and calibration: 6737-2922 email@example.com Japan General product and sales information: +81-3-3434-0180 Service, parts and calibration: +81-3-3434-0188 Other countries: 1+(425) 446-5500 HVAC/Indoor Air Quality Tools 975 AirMeter,™ 902 True-rms HVAC Clamp Meter.............................................54 971 Temperature Humidity Meter, 983 Particle Counter...........................................55 ScopeMeter® Test Tools ScopeMeter Test Tools Selection Guide...........56 124 Industrial ScopeMeter Test Tools.............. 57 190 Series Color ScopeMeter Test Tools..........58 Fluke ScopeMeter Accessories..........................59 Accessories Accessory Selection Guide.................................60 Accessory Sets and Kits..................................... 61 SureGrip™ Accessories........................................62 Accessories for Electronic and Automotive Applications and High Voltage Probes.............63 Lights, Software and Specialty Accessories................................................... 64-65 Current Clamps..............................................66-67 Temperature Accessories............................ 68-69 Cases, Holsters and Fuses............................ 70-71 What’s new from Fluke.....................back cover Contact us: Application segment key To help you better identify the right product for your job, you will find the applicable icons located on the outside edge of each product page. Fluke test tools to help you get the job done Fluke tools for commercial electricians Legend Power Distribution Center Heat Exchanger HVAC Blower Drive Control Motor and Motor Control Center Electrical • • • •• • ••• •• • Fluke 1AC II VoltAlert Voltage Detector Fluke 116 Digital Multimeter Fluke 62 Mini IR Thermometer Best suited for: • Non-contact voltage detection on electrical circuits • Detecting voltage before work begins Best suited for: • Measures volts, ohms, capacitance and temperature • Resistance and continuity • 600 V ac and dc measurement range Best suited for: • Surface temperature readings • Finding heating and ventilation problems • Non-contact monitoring of electrical motors and panels See page 22 for details See page 18 for details See page 53 for details Fluke T5 Voltage, Continuity and Current Tester Fluke 322 Clamp Meter Fluke 87V Industrial True-rms Multimeter w/temp Best suited for: • Measure loads on a branch circuit at a service level • Measure the load side voltage of a circuit breaker or fuse • Map outlets to breakers • Check individual voltages (either ac or dc) • Determine resistances up to 1000 ohms • Check circuit continuity Best suited for: • Verify the presence of load current, ac/dc voltage and continuity • Current measurements up to 400 A in tight cable compartments • Higher resolution for loads below 40 A Best suited for: • VSD motor drive installation and troubleshooting • Accurate frequency and voltage measurements on motor drives and in electrically noisy environments • Built-in thermometer for temperature measurements • CAT III 1000 V rated to protect against high voltage transients up to 8 kV See page 22 for details See page 33 for details See page 14 for details Fluke test tools to help you get the job done Fluke tools for industrial electricians Legend Pumps Drive Control Blowers Motors ••• ••• •• • •• • Front line troubleshooting tools Fluke 87V Industrial True-rms Multimeter w/temp Fluke 1587 Insulation Multimeters Fluke 337 AC/DC True-rms Clamp Meter Best suited for: VSD motor drive installation and troubleshooting. Best suited for: Work on motors, generators, cables or switch-gear. Features: • Accurate frequency and voltage measurements on motor drives and in electrically noisy environments • Built-in thermometer for temperature measurements Features: • Measuring insulation test voltages to 1000 V • Prevents insulation test if voltage > 30 V is detected for added user protection • Filter for motor drive measurements Best suited for: Measure inrush current on electric motor startup and electric motor testing and troubleshooting See page 13 for details See page 35 for details Features: • Inrush current measurements to measure start up current on electric motors • Frequency measurements to help track down power quality problems See page 33 for details Preventive and predictive maintenance Fluke 434 Three-Phase PQ Analyzer Fluke 576 Photographic IR Thermometer Fluke Ti20 Thermal Imager Best suited for: Troubleshooting and preventing problems in power distribution systems. Best suited for: Measuring surface temperatures, quickly locating lubrication problems, overloads, short-circuits or misaligned and overheated equipment. Best suited for: Displaying a visual image of surface temperatures to easily and safely identify potential problems. Features: • Simultaneously measure voltage and current on all three phases and neutral • High-resolution color screen simplifies operation • Tough enough for industrial environments, easy to carry, works for seven hours per battery charge See page 25 for details Features: • Last ten temperature readings displayed on bar graph for easy reference • Customizable log names, alarms and emissivity values for more efficient, less error-prone predictive maintenance routes See page 51 for details For use on: • Electrical power distribution systems • Electro-mechanical equipment • Process instrumentation • Facility maintenance See page 48 for details Fluke test tools to help you get the job done Fluke tools for HVAC/IAQ technicians Legend Indoor Air Comfort Superheat and Subcooling Electrical Motors/Pumps/Compressors Building Diagnostics Filtration and Ventilation Furnace 00 0124 Fluke 975 AirMeter™ Fluke 983 Particle Counter Fluke 116 Digital Multimeter Best suited for: Optimizing HVAC ventilation settings for ASHRAE 62 recommendations • Simultaneously measures, logs and displays temperature, humidity, velocity, CO2 and CO Best suited for: Troubleshooting and maintaining indoor air quality • Measures particle size, temperature, and relative humidity • Data logging and sixchannel particle size display Best suited for: Troubleshooting HVAC equipment and flame sensors • Thermometer and microamps • Volts ac/dc, resistance, diode, continuity, and Min/Max/Avg See page 54 for details See page 55 for details See page 18 for details Fluke 902 True-rms HVAC Clamp Meter Fluke 561 HVACPro IR Thermometer Fluke IR Insight XS/XST Thermal Imagers Best suited for: HVAC system diagnosis and repair • Capacitance and true-rms • DC current to 200 µA • Contact temperature Best suited for: Measuring hot, moving, electrical energized objects • Contact and non-contact measurement • Compatible with standard type-K thermocouple • Includes Velcro® pipe probe Best suited for: Quick, accurate building diagnostic surveys • High resolution images and display • Industry -leading thermal sensitivity • Simple, one-button operation See page 54 for details See page 52 for details See page 50 for details Online resource centers Test tool applications Electrical Resource Center HVAC/IAQ Resource Center Plant Maintenance Resource Center Thermal Imaging Resource Center www.fluke.com/electrical_resource_ctr Product demos, software downloads, earth ground education, application notes, training and events information. www.fluke.com/plant_resource_ctr ROI calculator, PDM program, maintenance techniques, tool profiles, common culprits. www.fluke.com/IAQ FAQs, white papers, case studies and application notes, downloads, and product demos. www.fluke.com/thermal_resource Online product selection guide, product information, application notes, software Building Diagnostics Resource Center Biomedical Resource Center www.fluke.com/biomed_resource_ctr Product news and information, catalog, trade-up program, and tradeshow schedule. Electronics Resource Center www.fluke.com/electronics_resource_ctr Tips from the field, product demos, application notes, and product showcase. Intrinsic Safety Resource Center www.fluke.com/ex Standards explanations, industry applications, guidelines, and product information. Online Resource Centers www.fluke.com/buildings Image gallery, application notes, and expert tips on using thermography to identify structural, thermal, moisture, and air leakage problems in buildings. Precision Measurement and Calibration Resource Center www.fluke.com/precision_resource_ctr New product information, e-news bulletins, total solutions newsletter, industry links, users community, used certified equipment, technical papers and application notes. Process Control Resource Center www.fluke.com/process_resource_ctr Process calibration glossary, industry information, ROI calculator, application notes, and product demos. Solve more problems with Fluke Tools Fluke is more than digital multimeters. These days, Fluke offers the ultimate go-everywhere DMM as well as specialized tools for electrical, industrial, HVAC, and electronic applications. Increasingly, technicians are using their Fluke tools together, in a one-two troubleshooting combination. Use a thermal imager to find a problem, then use a DMM, clamp meter, or power quality analyzer to fix it. Use a power logger to check power usage, use an AirMeter to optimize the HVAC system, and then log power again to see the impact of your adjustments. The online resource centers on this page can help you find the right tools for your applications, learn how to use them, and get to work. Your site-specific knowledge plus Fluke tools makes for an impressive troubleshooting team. Plus, the new generation of Fluke tools is smaller, lighter, and easier to use than ever. They meet higher safety standards. They download to reports. And they’re as reliable and tough as ever. By offering a system of tools that work together, Fluke aims to help you solve more problems, faster and better, no matter where you work. Utilities Resource Center www.fluke.com/utilities_resource_ctr Training and events information, product demos, specialized technical support, application notes, and power quality, thermography and earth ground information for utilities. Fluke... more than just tools Test tool information Since 1949 the Fluke Corporation has been dedicated to the design and manufacturing of innovative test and measurement instruments. Fluke also leads the way in providing programs, training and resources that help you stay at the forefront of your profession. FlukePlus Tool Info Online Electrical Measurement Safety Program FlukePlus is a website for test tool users who want to learn more. Sign up and get: • Product tips and “how to” articles • Previews of the newest Fluke tools • Special offers and promotions • Direct connection to Fluke technical support Get a free safety video, a summary of safety standards and helpful articles on safe electrical measurement practices. (Available only in the U.S.) www.fluke.com/flukeplus www.fluke.com/safety Test Tool Users Online Community www.fluke.com/community See what other test tool users are saying and get your questions answered, fast! The Test Tool Community online bulletin board is free and open to everyone. Fluke Education Partnership Program www.fluke.com/education We’ve teamed up with colleges, trade, technical, vocational schools, and apprenticeship programs to bring the latest application information and tools into the classroom. Currently available in USA, Canada, Brunei, Burma, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. Application Notes www.fluke.com/appnotes Fluke has a complete library of application notes and white papers on topics ranging from predictive maintenance to maintaining motors and drives to automotive troubleshooting and more. Fluke News www.fluke.com/flukenews Fluke News is published two times a year with new tips, tools and articles in each issue. Fluke Electrical News For electrical contractors or electricians working in residential, commercial, or industrial environments. Fluke Plant News For electricians, electrical supervisors, field service technicians, plant technicians and process engineers maintaining industrial equipment in the field or plant. Fluke Electronics News For electronics or electrical engineers who use DMMs, benchtop meters, and oscilloscopes in prototyping, design and field evaluation situations. Fluke HVAC/IAQ News All-new articles about tools, measuring practices, and business opportunities for HVAC and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) professionals. Fluke Test Tool Information Safety and You Why is safety important? Why should you care? Between five and ten times on any given day, arc flash explosions, sufficient to send a victim to a special burn center, take place in the U.S. These incidents and other less serious electrical accidents result in injury —sometimes death—lost work time, medical costs and insurance claims, downtime, the list goes on. The cost to both the victim, the victim’s family and the company involved, are high. Yet many of these accidents can be prevented. The combination of training, good measurement technique, and the use of proper tools can significantly reduce the chance of an accident occurring. What are the Standards? To provide improved protection for users, industry standards organizations have Go to www.fluke.com/safety to view The taken steps to clarify the hazards present Fluke Electrical Measurement Safety Program in electrical supply environments. The and order your free copy of the Fluke Safety American National Standards Institute video. This video makes the standards easy to understand and can be used as part of (ANSI), the Canadian Standards Association your own internal safety program. (CSA), and the International ElectroTechnical Commission (IEC), have created more stringent standards for voltage test equipment used in environments of up to 1000 volts. ANSI, CSA and IEC define four measurement categories of over-voltage transient impulses. The rule of thumb is that the closer the technician is working to the power source, the greater the danger and the higher the measurement category number. Lower category installations usually have greater impedance, which dampens transients and helps limit the fault current that can feed an arc. • CAT (Category) IV is associated with the origin of installation. This refers to power lines at the utility connection, but also includes any overhead and underground outside cable runs, since both may be affected by lightning. • CAT III covers distribution level wiring. This includes 480-volt and 600-volt circuits such as 3-phase bus and feeder circuits, motor control centers, load centers and distribution panels. Permanently installed loads are also classed as CAT III. CAT III includes large loads that can generate their own transients. At this level, the trend to using higher voltage levels in modern buildings has changed the picture and increased the potential hazards. • • CAT II covers the receptacle circuit level and plug-in loads. CAT I refers to protected electronic circuits. Some installed equipment may include multiple categories. A motor drive panel, for example, may be CAT III on the 480-volt power side, and CAT I on the control side. Independent testing labs help ensure safety compliance You want your tools and equipment to help you work safely. But how do you know that a tool designed to meet a safety standard will actually deliver the performance you are paying for? Unfortunately it’s not enough to just look on the box. The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) develops and proposes standards, but it is not responsible for enforcing the standards. Wording like “Designed to meet specification...” may not mean a test tool actually performs up to spec. Designer’s plans are never a substitute for an actual independent test. For more information, go to www.fluke.com/safety Safety Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Canadian Standards Association (CSA) TUV and VDE (German standards organizations) are approval/listing agencies United States Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration That’s why independent testing is so important. To be confident, check the product for the symbol and listing number of Underwriters Laboratories (UL), the Canadian Standards Association (CSA), TÜV or another recognized testing organization. Those symbols can only be used if the product successfully completed testing to the agency’s standard, which is based on national/ international standards. That is the closest you can come to ensuring that the test tool you choose was actually tested for safety. What does the CE symbol indicate? A product is marked CE (Conformité Européenne) to show it conforms to health, safety, environment and consumer protection requirements established by the European Commission. Products from outside the European Union cannot be sold there unless they comply with applicable directives. But manufacturers are permitted to self-certify that they have met the standards, issue their own Declaration of Conformity, and mark the product “CE.” The CE mark is not, therefore, a guarantee of independent testing. Why are Fluke products different? Don’t be confused by “Listed” vs. “Designed to” in your test tools. IEC sets the standards but does not test or inspect for compliance. So a manufacturer can claim to “design to” a standard with no independent verification. To be UL-Listed, CSA or TUV-Certified, a manufacturer must employ the listing agency to TEST the product’s compliance with the standard. Look for the listing agency’s emblem on the meter. Service Information Think of Fluke first for technical service, repair and calibration Fluke customer support is ready to help Application note, literature code 2153519: Why calibrate test equipment? Why would a digital test tool need to be calibrated? It’s not as though any analog parts will go out of balance. Well, have any events occurred that would render your instruments less accurate or unsafe? Is accurate measurement essential to your operations? Are you trending data? Read this application note to find out what causes calibration problems and whether you should consider calibrating your test instruments. Visit www.fluke.com/why-calibrate Application note, literature code 2138394: Calibrating a thermometer. Technical service at your fingertips We know Fluke tool users put their tools through the paces, so we’re ready to answer your questions and help keep your tools in top shape. No matter what application, in what industry. And we’ll do it through real technical service professionals in Everett, Washington. When you need questions answered, call Sales and Application Support at 1-888-44-Fluke or email firstname.lastname@example.org The Fluke experts answering your call can help with just about any test tool question. They specialize in: • Advice on what to buy, from problem analysis to tool compatibility and configuration “If I’m working with three phase motors, what’s the best tool to use?” • Help on how to use your tools in any application, from automotive to industrial “How come I’m not getting a reading?” “How do I transfer my test results?” “How do I measure harmonics?” When your Fluke tools need repair or calibration, call Customer Support Services at 1-888-99-Fluke or email email@example.com. Customers outside the U.S. email firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.fluke.com/service to find your nearest location. If your tool isn’t working correctly, or if you dropped it, ran over it, or dunked it in the pool, call Fluke. If it’s not under warranty, we’ll give you a cost estimate over the phone. Once you send it in, we’ll verify the problem, fix it, test it and put it back in the mail often in less than five working days. Fluke recommends having your DMMs, Calibrators and ScopeMeter test tools calibrated once a year—especially if you use them often or need accurate measurements to meet regulations requirements. Calibration compares your tool’s measurements to the accuracy standard—sort of like setting your watch to match an atomic clock. Some test tools live a pretty rough life. If you calibrate them, you know they’re accurate—even after what you put them through. Shocking treatment Because of our commitment to safety, all Fluke equipment is designed to provide as much protection as possible from the inherent dangers of working in the unsettled sea of electricity. Fluke products are dropped, shocked, short circuited, injected with thousands of volts of electricity and forced to endure extreme temperature, just to get out the door. To learn more about our product tests, visit www.fluke.com/shocking For more information on servicing your Fluke tools outside of the U.S., see page 2 for contact information. Service Pick the right digital multimeter for you Digital Multimeter Selection Guide Models Highest True-rms and accuracy with Industrial built-in data logging troubleshooting thermometer 189 87V 179 Designed for building maintenance 117 Designed for HVAC/R technicians 116 Waterproof and chemical resistant 27 Two powerful tools in one 1587 AC AC 0.1 % 0.09 % 0.1 % • Basic features True-rms readings AC+DC AC AC AC AC Basic dc accuracy 0.025 % 0.05 % 0.09 % 0.5 % 0.5 % Wide bandwidth 100 kHz 20 kHz • • • • • • Digits 4-1⁄2 4-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 Counts 50000 20000 6000 6000 6000 3200 Voltage ac/dc 1000 V 1000 V 1000 V 600 V 600 V Current ac/dc 10 A 10 A 10 A 10 A 600 µA Resistance 500 MW 50 MW 50 MW 40 MW 40 MW Frequency 1 MHz 200 kHz 100 kHz 50 kHz Capacitance 50 mF 10 mF 10 mF 10 mF Temperature +1350 °C +1090 °C +400 °C Auto/manual ranging 4-20 mA loop diagnostics 789 30 kHz • • 3-1⁄2 6000 4000 1000 V 1000 V 1000 V 10 A 400 mA 1A 32 MW 50 MW 40 MW 50 kHz 100 kHz 20 kHz 10 mF 10 mF +400 °C +500 °C Measurements dB 60 dB Conductance 50 nS 50 nS • • Duty cycle/pulse width Motor drive measurements/low pass filter 32 nS • • Continuity with beeper • • • • • • • • Diode test • • • • • • • • • Display Dual display • Analog bargraph • • • • • Backlight • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Data storage and exchange Min/Max recording Min/Max recording/with time stamp Fast Min/Max • • • 250 µs 250 µs Display Hold/Auto (Touch) Hold • • Relative reference • • PC interface • • Data logging • with PC Readings memories • • • • • • • 100 Other features Automatic selection, LoZ • Insulation test range 0.01 MW to 2 GW VoltAlert, non-contact ac voltage detector) • Real time clock • Overmolded case, integrated holster • Removable holster • • • • • ToolPak Magnetic Hangar compatibility • • • • • Closed case calibration • • • • • Separate battery door • • • • • Completely sealed/watertight • • • • • • • • • Automatic power off • • • • • Low battery indication • • • • • • –20 °C, +55 °C –20 °C, +55 °C –10 °C, +50 °C –10 °C, +50 °C –10 °C, +50 °C –40 °C, +55 °C Operating temperature range • • • –20 °C, +55 °C 4-20 mA • 24 V loop supply • Warranty and electrical safety Limited lifetime warranty • • • Warranty (years) Input alert Dangerous voltage indication • 3 • 3 • • • • • CAT III measurements 1000 V 1000 V 1000 V 600 V 600 V CAT IV measurements 600 V 600 V 600 V 12 14 15 17 18 See page 3 3 • • • 1000 V 1000 V 1000 V 600 V 600 V 19 35 43 More comprehensive information is available at www.fluke.com/dmm 10 Digital Multimeters Test faster and safer with a new Fluke Move up to more measurement performance and safety Move up from your old 87 and benefit from more than a dozen improvements Function Original 87 87V Benefit Selectable filter for motor drives No Yes Accurate voltage and frequency measurements on pulse width modulated signals Built-in thermometer No Yes No separate thermometer required Capacitance 5 nf to 5 µF 5 nf to 10,000 µF Measure more capacitors V dc accuracy and resolution 0.1 %, 10 µV 0.05 %, 10 µV Precise measurements in a handheld tool Display digits 13.5 mm x 7 mm 15.25 mm x 8.5 mm 30 % larger makes it easy to read Backlight Green 2-level, bright white Easier to read in dark locations Magnetic hanger No Optional (included with kit) Position meter for easy viewing Peak capture 1 ms 250 µS Record intermittent problems four times faster CAT electrical safety rating No Yes, 2nd edition ANSI and IEC 61010 Increased protection from 8 kV spikes that can cause arc flash Battery door No Yes Change battery quickly without breaking cal seal Warranty Expired Limited lifetime Lower cost of ownership 87 87V Get accurate voltage and frequency measurements on adjustable speed motor drives with the 87V. Move up from your old 8060 or 8062 and benefit from more than 20 improvements Function 8060 189 Benefit Built-in recorder with time stamp No Yes Record and view intermittent problems without a chart recorder PC interface No Yes, software optional Transfer readings to a PC for analysis and documentation Built-in thermometer No Yes, probe optional No need to carry a separate thermometer Capacitance No 5 nf to 50,000 µF Measure capacitors with one tool V dc and V ac resolution 10 µV 1 µV Precise measurements in a handheld tool dBv and dBm Yes Yes Measure communication circuits Duty cycle and pulse width No Yes Measure control circuits In-line current 2A 10 A, 1000 V fuse Safely measure five times more current Relative offset No Yes Remove test lead resistance See small signal variations Range selection Manual, 8 switches Auto/Manual range Simpler to use, more durable Peak capture, MIN/MAX No 250 µS Record intermittent problems Backlight No 2-level, bright white Easier to read in dark locations Holster No Integrated overmold Stands up to accidental drops Magnetic hanger No optional TPAK Position meter for easy viewing CAT electrical safety rating No Yes, 2nd edition ANSI and IEC Increased protection from 8 kV spikes that can cause arc flash Battery door No Yes Change battery quickly without breaking cal seal Warranty Expired Limited lifetime Lower cost of ownership 8060 189 Use the built-in data logging feature of the 189 to record readings and the time they occurred to catch intermittent problems. Move up from your old 70 or 20 series and benefit from more than 15 improvements Feature Original 77 179 Benefit True-rms No Yes Accurate on non-linear signals Accuracy, basic dc 0.3 % 0.09 % Three times more accurate Temperature No Yes No need for a separate thermometer Min/Max/Average No Yes Capture intermittent problems Display size Small 20 % larger Large, easy to read Display backlight No Yes Easy to read in dark locations Simple to use Yes Yes No retraining required Probe holders Yes Improved One-hand operation Latest electrical measurement safety standards Not rated 1000 V CAT III, 600 V CAT IV Designed to withstand 8,000 volt peak transient impulses and protect against arc flash Optional magnetic hanger No Yes Position meter in best location Warranty Expired Limited lifetime Lower cost of ownership Frequency No Yes Built in frequency counter Capacitance No Yes Measure motor capacitors and components Max. ac voltage 750 1000 Wider measurement range Battery door No Yes Change battery quickly without breaking cal seal 77 179 The ultimate multi-purpose meter, the 179 combines precision, safety and reliability to help you get any job done. Digital Multimeters 11 FlukeTools 189 Logging Test Catalog Multimeter Volume 36 Solve complex problems for electronic and industrial applications Contents The Fluke 189 is the most advanced meter with features, precision and accuracy to troubleshoot industrial and electronic equipment in the field or on the bench. The Fluke 189 has a built-in data logger to record measurements unattended. Recorded data can be viewed on the 189 or transferred to a PC with optional FlukeView® Forms software. • Built in data logger (Fluke 189) records reading and time to catch intermittent problems • True-rms, 100 KHz bandwidth for precise measurement of non linear signals • 0.025 % dc accuracy and 1 microvolt resolution for bench meter performance in a handheld package • Measure 20 A for up to 30 seconds, 10 A continuous • Temperature, capacitance, dB, frequency, pulse width and duty cycle to find more problems with one tool • Large bright white display with dual parameter readout to view multiple readings at once • Min/Max with timestamp to record signal fluctuations • Peak capture to measure transients as short as 250 µS • Isolated IR communication port to send data to a PC (with optional FVF pack) • Premium test leads and alligator clips (AC72) included • New! Optional USB data cable with FlukeView Forms • New! Optional battery pack (BP189) extends battery life to over 400 hours Log and document NEW! The 189/FVF2 Data Logging Multimeter and Software Combo Pack gives you a practical, affordable approach to predictive maintenance. • With built-in data logger, the • Electrical safety All inputs are protected to measurement CAT III 1000 V and CAT IV 600 V. Available in non-logging version as Fluke 187 • • Specifications – 189 and 187 DMMs Function Range and resolution • • Best accuracy 180 Series V dc 50.000 mV, 500.00 mV, 3000.0 mV, 5.0000 V, 50.000 V, 500.00 V, 1000.0 V ± 0.025 % V ac 50.000 mV, 500.00 mV, 3000.0 mV, 5.0000 V, 50.000 V, 500.00 V, 1000.0 V ± 0.4 % A dc 500.00 µA, 5,000 µA, 50.000 mA, 400.00 mA, 5.0000 A, 10.000 A* ± 0.15 % A ac 500.00 µA, 5,000 µA, 50.000 mA, 400.00 mA, 5.0000 A, 10.000 A* ± 0.75 % Resistance 500.00 W to 500.0 MW ± 0.05 % Capacitance 1.000 nF to 50.00 mF ± 1.00 % Frequency 500.00 Hz, 5.0000 kHz, 50.000 kHz, 999.99 kHz Temperature -200 ºC to 1350 ºC (-328 ºF to 2462 ºF) ± 0.005 % • • • 189 helps you track down elusive, intermittent problems, monitoring equipment with any of its functions, while you do other jobs Overlay data from six meters or six time periods to find cause and effect relationships or for condition monitoring applications With break-through accuracy and precision, catch events as brief as 50 ms Designed for harsh environments that would ruin most data loggers or multimeters Log up to 450 hours of data using the extended battery pack Turn data into meaningful graphs and tables using FlukeView Forms software TPAK™ Magnetic Hanger allows you to securely hang your meter for monitoring or hands-free use Soft carrying case to protect your investment USB cable included with kit ± 1 % of reading Duty cycle 10 % to 90 %, resolution 0.01 % Pulse width 2 ranges, 499.99 ms and 999.9 ms, best resolution 0.01 ms — dBm, dBv -62 to +60, resolution 0.01dB 3% 0.1 dB *10 A continuous, 20 A for up to 30 seconds and not specified. Battery life: 72 hours typical (alkaline), 450 hours typical with Battery Extender (BP189) Size (LxWxD): 203 mm x 100 mm x 50 mm (8.00 in x 3.94 in x 1.97 in) Weight: 0.545 kg (19.2 oz) Recommended accessories – 189 and 187 DMMs Included accessories Every 180 series meter comes packaged with TL71 Silicone Test Leads, probe holders, two AC72 Alligator Clips, four AA batteries (installed), CD-ROM (users manual and technical notes) and operator’s guide. Ordering information TL910 Electronic Test Probes See page 63 TL81A Test Lead Kit See page 63 C125 Meter Case See page 70 BP189 FVF-SC2 High Capacity Battery Pack FlukeView Forms Software See page 65 See page 65 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm 12 Digital Multimeters Fluke-189/FVF2 Logging Multimeter and Software Combo Pack Fluke-189 Logging Multimeter Fluke-187 Digital Multimeter FVF-SC2 FlukeView Forms Software w/cable FlukeView Forms Software ® Utilize this powerful tool to analyze your measurements Harness the power of the data logging function on your Fluke Digital Multimeter. FlukeView Forms offers an easy-to-use, customizable solution to help you document logged data. Easy-to-use wizards allow you to download readings from your Fluke tool and display individual readings or a series of measurements. • Graph data to help you detect trends, analyze, predict and prevent problems • Print, save and share logged data • Log live readings while connected to a PC, or leave your Fluke 189 in place to capture up to 1,000 readings for download to a PC • Display readings from up to six different meters on the same graph to show links between multiple processes, events and locations • Record and display any function the meter measures: volts, ohms, frequency, capacitance, temperature, diode testing and more • Free demo-reader download allows co-workers or clients to open your report and interact with captured data • Export data into Microsoft® Excel Customize reports using your specific data or company logo, spot trends and document interruptions or spikes. A single graph overlaying two time periods makes analysis easier. To take a test drive of the power of FlukeView Forms, download demonstration software for free at www.fluke.com/flukeviewforms Use the FlukeView designer to turn simple time and event data into fully customized reports. You can share reports and add notes to draw attention to and explain anomalies. Fluke 189, 189/FVF2 Kit and 187 capabilities 189/FVF2 189 187 Fluke 180 Series Multimeter and premium test leads • • • Fluke’s top-of-the-line multimeter with maximum feature set to troubleshoot any situation. PC connectable • • • Use to download and document test results. • • Logging capabilities FlukeView Forms software Benefit Reduce man-hours by using logging to find problems and intermittent glitches. Document and print measurement data in a clear and organized format. • Overlay and graph data from up to six meters • • Compatible with FlukeView Forms Demo Reader • • Find elusive cause/effective relationships. • Allow data to be distributed and shared with individuals throughout a company for free. Compatible with FVF-SC2 FVF-SC1 FVF-SC3 Fluke 187 and 189 Digital Multimeters, Fluke 1550B MegOhmMeter, Fluke 789 ProcessMeter™ Fluke 53-II and 54-II Thermometers Fluke 45 Bench Meter For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/flukeviewforms Digital Multimeters 13 Fluke 87V Industrial Multimeter Diagnostic functions for maximum industrial productivity The Fluke 87V has measurement functions, troubleshooting features, resolution and accuracy to solve more problems on motor drives, in-plant automation, power distribution and electro-mechanical equipment. New features for maximum productivity • Unique function for accurate voltage and frequency measurements on adjustable speed motor drives and electrically noisy equipment (87V and 87V Ex) • Large digit display with bright two level backlight makes the 87V significantly easier to read • Measure 20 A for up to 30 sec, 10 A continuously • Optional magnetic hanger for easy setup and viewing while freeing your hands for other tasks (TPak) • Expanded capacitance range to 10,000 µF • Built-in thermometer (87V) pplication note, literature code A 2155830: Multimeter measurements on adjustable speed drives utilizing the Fluke 87V DMM How do I troubleshoot an adjustable speed drive with a digital multimeter? Read this and other application notes at www.fluke. com/library Electrical safety All inputs are protected to CAT III 1000 V and CAT IV 600 V. They can withstand impulses in excess of 8,000 V to help protect you from arc blast resulting from surges and spikes. Available in intrinsically safe version as the Fluke 87V Ex. Also available as 83V average responding multimeter, see below for specifications Features – 87V and 83V DMMs Feature Fluke 87V/E2 Industrial Electrician’s Combo Kit 87V Ex 87V 83V ATEX II 2G EEx ia IICT4 safety rating for use in Zone 1 and Zone 2 • True-rms ac voltage and current for accurate measurements on non linear signals • • ￼ Selectable filter for accurate voltage and frequency measurements on motor drives • • ￼ 0.05 % dc accuracy • • ￼ 4-1/2 digit mode for precise measurements • • Built-in thermometer lets you carry one less tool • • Large display digits and two level bright white backlight for increased visibility • • • 10,000 µF capacitance range for components and motor caps • • • Peak capture to record transients as fast as 250 µs • • Measure up to 1000 V ac and dc • • • Measure up to 10 A, 20 A for up to 30 seconds • • • Auto and manual ranging for maximum flexibility • • • Analog bargraph • • • Frequency to 200 kHz and % duty cycle • • • Min/Max and average recording to capture variations automatically • • • Relative mode to remove test lead resistance from low ohms measurements • • • Access door for fast battery changes without breaking the calibration seal • • • ￼ Make industrial troubleshooting even more productive with accessories. • 87V Industrial Multimeter • New! C35 lightweight soft case to provide optimal protection and storage • TL224 1.5 m silicone leads resist heat • TP238 removable probes with 4 mm of exposed metal for use on industrial circuits • AC220 retractable long reach alligator clips • ToolPak™ meter hanging accessory to hold meter to steel surfaces • 80BK K-type temperature probe Included accessories Specifications – 87V and 83V DMMs Basic accuracy 87V 83V 600.0 mV, 6.000 V, 60.00 V, 600.0 V, 1000 V 0.05 % 0.1 % AC volts 600.0 mV, 6.000 V, 60.00 V, 600.0 V, 1000 V 0.7 % (true-rms) 0.5 % DC current 600.0 µA, 6000 µA, 60.00 µA, 600.O mA, 6.000 A, 10.00 A 0.2 % 0.4 % AC current 600.0 µA, 6000 µA, 60.00 µA, 600.O mA, 6.000 A, 10.00 A 1.0 % (true-rms) 1.2 % Temperature (excl. probe) -200 °C to 1090 °C (-328 °F to 1994 °F) 1.0 % — 80BK Temperature Probe -40 °C to 260 °C (-40 °F to 500 °F) Resistance 600.0 W, 6.000 kW, 60.00 kW, 600.0 kW, 6.000 MW, 50.00 MW Capacitance 10.00 nF, 100.0 nF, 1.000 µF, 10.00 µF, 100.0 µF, 9,999 µF Frequency 199.99 Hz, 1.9999 kHz, 19.999 kHz, 199.99 kHz Function Range and resolution DC volts 2.2 °C or 2 % — 0.2 % 0.4 % 1.0 % 1.0 % 0.005 % 0.005 % Battery life: 400 hours typical with backlight off. Size (LxWxD): 201 mm x 98 mm x 52 mm (7.9 in x 3.8 in x 2 in). Weight: 355 g (22 oz) For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm 14 Digital Multimeters Every Fluke 83V and 87V meter comes packaged with TL75 Test Leads, AC72 Alligator Clips, holster, 9 V battery (installed), 80BK Temperature Probe (87V only) CD-ROM (users manual and technical notes) and operator’s guide. Ordering information Fluke-87-5 Industrial True-rms Multimeter with Temperature Fluke-87-5/E2 Industrial Electrician’s Combo Kit Fluke-83-5 Industrial Multimeter Fluke 179 Digital Multimeter Versatile meters for maintenance and field service The 179 true-rms Multimeter has the features needed to find most electrical and HVAC problems. Simple to use with significant improvements over the original Fluke 70 Series like true-rms, the 179 has more measurement functions, conformance to the latest safety standards and a much larger display that’s easier to view. Features include: • Wide 1000 V measurement range • True-rms for precise measurement of non 179/EDA2 Electronics Multimeter and Deluxe Accessory Combo Kit • 179 True-rms Digital Multimeter • New! C35 lightweight soft case linear signals Capacitance, resistance, continuity and frequency Built-in thermometer (Fluke 179 only) Large, easy-to-read display Backlight for work in dimly lit areas (Fluke 177 and179 only) • Min/Max/Avg to record signal fluctuations • Free your hands with the optional TPAK magnetic hanger (Fluke TPAK) • • • • to provide optimal protection and storage • TL910 Electronic Test Probes • TL224 SureGrip™ Silicone Test Leads resist heat • AC280 SureGrip™ Heavy Duty Hook Clips • 80BK Type-K temperature probe • ToolPak™ meter hanging accessory to hold meter to steel surfaces Electrical safety All inputs are protected to measurement CAT III 1000 V and CAT IV 600 V. This meter can withstand transient impulses in excess of 8000 V to help protect you from arc blasts resulting from surges and spikes. Features – 175, 177 and 179 DMMs Feature 179 177 175 Max voltage 1000 1000 1000 • ￼ • • 0.09 % 0.09 % 0.15 % Backlight ￼ • • Min/Max/Avg ￼ • • ￼ • ToolPak meter hanging kit with magnet Opt Opt Opt True-rms Temperature ￼ • Basic dc accuracy 179/1AC-II Electrician’s Multimeter and Voltage Tester Combo Kit • 179 True-rms Digital Multimeter • 1AC-II VoltAlert™ Non-Contact Voltage Detector Specifications – 179, 177 and 175 DMMs Function Range and resolution Best accuracy DC voltage 600.0 mV, 6.000 V, 60.00 V, 600.0 V, 1000 V ± 0.09 % (Models 177 and 179) ± 0.15 % (Model 175) AC voltage1 600.0 mV, 6.000 V, 60.00 V, 600.0 V, 1000 V ± 1.0 % of reading DC current 60.00 mA, 400.0 mA, 6.000 A, 10.00 A2 ± 1.0 % of reading AC current2 60.00 mA, 400.0 mA, 6.000 A, 10.00 A2 ± 1.5 % of reading Resistance 600.0 W, 6.000 kW, 60.00 kW, 600.0 kW, 6.000 MW, 50.00 MW ± 0.9 % of reading Capacitance 1000 nF, 10.00 µF, 100.0 µF, 9999 µF ± 1.2 % of reading Frequency3 99.99 Hz, 999.9 Hz, 9.999 Hz, 99.99 kHz ± 0.1 % of reading -40 ºC to +400 ºC (-40 ºF to +752 ºF) 1.0 % of reading Temperature (Model 179) 1All ac voltage and ac current ranges are specified from 5 % of range to 100 % of range. 210 A continuous, 20 A for up to 30 seconds. 3Voltage frequency is specified from 2 Hz to 100 kHz. Current Frequency is specified from 2 Hz to 30 kHz. Battery life: 200 hours typical for alkaline. Size (HxWxL): 4.3 cm x 9.0 cm x 18.5 cm (1.7 in x 3.5 in x 7.3 in) Recommended accessories – 179, 177 and 175 DMMs • New! C35 lightweight soft case to provide optimal protection and storage • AC220 retractable long reach alligator clips TP220 sharp 12 mm stainless steel tip provides reliable contact • TL224 1.5 m silicone leads resist heat • ToolPak™ meter hanging accessory to hold meter to steel surfaces • 80BK K-type temperature probe • Included accessories Every Fluke 170 Series meter comes packaged with TL75 test leads, 9 V battery (installed) and manual. The Fluke 179 comes with an 80BK Temperature Probe. Ordering information L210 Probe Extender with light See page 64 TL220 C510 SureGrip Industrial Carrying Case See page 70 Test Lead Set See page 61 PV350 i400s Pressure-Vacuum AC Current Clamp Module See page 66 See page 65 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm Fluke-179 Digital Multimeter Fluke-179/1AC-II Electricians Combo Kit Fluke-179/EDA2 Electronics Combo Kit Fluke-175 Digital Multimeter Fluke-177 Digital Multimeter Digital Multimeters 15 Fluke Family of True-rms Digital Multimeters Engineered by Fluke for working professionals Commercial electricians HVAC/R technicians Fluke 117 Fluke 116 voltage detection • LoZ low impedance input for safer troubleshooting • Resistance, continuity, frequency and capacitance • AC/DC voltage to 600 V, ac/dc current to 10 A frequency and capacitance • LoZ low impedance input for safer troubleshooting • AC/DC voltage to 600 V, ac/dc current to 600 μA • VoltAlert™ non-contact • Temperature to 400 °C • Resistance, continuity, Fluke 112 Fluke 12, 16 Field service technicians Basic electrical Fluke 115 Fluke 114 frequency and capacitance • AC/DC voltage to 600 V • AC/DC current to 10 A input for safer troubleshooting • Resistance and continuity • AC/DC voltage to 600 V • Resistance, continuity, • LoZ low impedance Fluke 110, 111 Fluke 7-600 Basic features 114 115 116 True-rms readings ac ac ac 117 ac Basic dc accuracy 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % Digits 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 3-1⁄2 Counts 6000 6000 6000 6000 Voltage ac/dc 600 V ￼ 600 V 600 V ￼ 600 V Current ac/dc — 10 A 600 µA 10 A Resistance 40 MW 40 MW 40 MW 40 MW Frequency — 50 kHz 50 kHz 50 kHz Capacitance — 10 mF 10 mF 10 mF Temperature — — +400 °C — Analog bargraph • • • • Large backlit display • • • • Min/Max recording • • • • Display hold/auto touch hold • • • • • • Measurements￼ Display Data storage and exchange Other features Automatic selection, LoZ VoltAlert, non-contact ac voltage detector For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm 16 Digital Multimeters • • Fluke 117 and 115 True-rms Digital Multimeters Designed for commercial electricians and field service technicians Application note, literature code 1260729: Why true-rms? If you’re measuring non-linear Why true-rms? loads like variable frequency drives, solid state heater drives, or electronics, you need a true-rms tool to get accurate readings. Average responding meters will read low, up to 30 or 40 percent low in some cases. This application note explains what true-rms is and when you need it in your test tool. Fluke 117 The Fluke 117 is the ideal meter for demanding settings like commercial buildings, hospitals and schools. The 117 includes integrated non-contact voltage detection to help get the job done faster. Non-linear loads need a true-rms current clamp for accurate readings Application Note can usually be separated into one of three categories: 1. Too much current. 2. Too much heat in the electrical enclosure. 3. Faulty circuit breaker (or fuse). Your first instinct will probably be to measure the current with a current clamp while the load is on. If the current is within the circuit rating, you may be tempted to replace the circuit breaker. The 117 features include: • VoltAlert™ Technology for integrated non-contact voltage detection • AutoVolt feature for automatic ac/dc voltage selection • LoZ: low input impedance prevents false readings due to “ghost voltage” • Large display and white LED backlight to work in poorly lit areas more effectively • Compact design for one-handed operation • Min/Max/Average to record signal fluctuations • Compatible with optional magnetic hanger (ToolPak™) for hands free operation • Current measurement 20 A (30 seconds momentary; 10 A continuous) • Resistance, continuity, frequency and capacitance Figure 1. One current—two readings. Which do you trust? The branch circuit above feeds a non-linear load with distorted current. The true-rms clamp reads correctly but the average responding clamp reads low by 32 percent. Troubleshooting the electrical service feeding adjustable speed motor loads can be difficult if you don’t have the right tools. New solid state motor drives and heating controls often conduct non-sinusoidal (distorted) current. In other words, the current occurs in short pulses rather than the smooth sine wave drawn by a standard induction motor. The current wave shape can have a drastic effect on a current clamp reading. Basically, there are two types of current clamps commonly available: “average responding” and “true-rms.” The average responding units are widely used and are usually Figure 2. A computer load. Non-linear loads that cause measurement errors. Introduction lower cost. They give correct readings for linear loads such as standard induction motors, resistance heaters, and incandescent lights. But when loads are non-linear, containing semiconductors, the average responding meters typically read low. Worst case nonlinear loads include small adjustable speed drives (5 hp or less) connected line to line across two phases of a 480 V, three-phase system, solid state heater controls connected single phase to 240 V, or computers connected to 120 V. When troubleshooting a branch circuit that suffers from circuit breaker tripping (or fuse blowing), the cause of the trouble Figure 3. An adjustable speed motor load. From the Fluke Digital Library @ www.fluke.com/library Want to read more? Download this and other application notes at www.fluke.com/library Fluke 115 The new Fluke 115 is the solution for a wide variety of electrical and electronic testing applications. The 115 features include: • Large display and white LED backlight to work in poorly lit areas more effectively • Compact ergonomic design for one-handed operation • Min/Max/Average to record signal fluctuations • Resistance, continuity, frequency and capacitance Features – 117 and 115 DMMs Feature 117 115 VoltAlert™ • AutoVolt/LoZ • Analog bargraph • • Large backlit digital display • • True-rms for accurate measurements on non-linear loads • • Min/Max recording • • Display hold • • 3-1⁄2 digits • • 6000 counts • • CAT III 600 V safety rated • • Specifications – 117 and 115 DMMs Function Range and resolution Best accuracy Volts ac/dc 600 V 0.5 % + 2 Current ac/dc 10 A 1.0 % + 3 40 MW 0.9 % + 2 1 nF to 9,999 µF 1.9 % + 2 5 Hz to 50 kHz 0.1 % + 2 2V 0.9 % + 2 Resistance Capacitance Frequency Diode Recommended accessories – 117 and 115 DMMs ToolPak™ Meter Hanger See page 71 TL220 SureGrip Industrial Test Lead Set See page 61 117/322 Electrician’s Combo Kit • 117 True-rms digital multimeter with non-contact voltage detection New! C115 Deluxe carrying case with shoulder strap • 322 Compact clamp meter • TL75 Hard Point Test Lead Set • ToolPak Magnetic Meter Hanging Strap • Included accessories TL75 Test leads, holster, users manual and 9 V battery (installed). Ordering information Fluke-117 Fluke-117/322 Fluke-115 Multimeter with Non-Contact Voltage Electrician’s Combo Kit Multimeter C50 Carrying Case See page 70 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm Digital Multimeters 17 Fluke 116 and 114 Digital Multimeters Designed for HVAC/R technicians and electrical troubleshooting Application note, literature code 2434064: Fossil fuel heating equipment Fluke 116 This Fossil fuel heating equipment application note explains the basic principles of fossil fuel heating systems (gas and oil) and how to troubleshoot them using thermometers, DMMs, clamp meters, pressure/vacuum modules, and other accessories. The instructions cover the thermostat controls, fan controls, flame verification controls, and cad cell testing. The Fluke 116 was specifically designed for the HVAC professional. It has everything needed in an HVAC meter including temperature and microamp measurements to quickly troubleshoot problems with HVAC equipment and flame sensors. principles and troubleshooting techniques Application Note This application note was written to provide you with an understanding of the basic principles of fossil fuel heating systems and how to troubleshoot these systems using thermometers, digital multimeters (DMMs), clamp meters, pressure/ vacuum modules and other accessories. Heat pumps and forced air electric heat furnaces are discussed in other application notes available from Fluke. Heating systems principles The 116 features include: • Built in thermometer for HVAC applications • Microamps to test flame sensors • Min/Max/Average to record signal fluctuations • Large white LED backlight to work in poorly lit areas • Compact ergonomic design for one-handed operation • Min/Max/Average to record signal fluctuations • Compatible with optional magnetic hanger (ToolPak™) • Resistance, continuity, frequency and capacitance Forced-air heat is generated at a central furnace and is then distributed and delivered to the conditioned space via a duct system. A properly designed heating system will generate quiet, filtered, and comfortable air into the conditioned zone. Modern systems have been recently designed that will also filter the air electronically, modulate airflow as zone temperatures change, and bring in fresh outside air based on occupied time. There are three types of fossil fuel heating systems predominantly available on the market today. These include natural gas, liquefied petroleum (LP) and fuel oil forced-air furnaces. Fossil fuel forced-air heating Forced-air fossil fuel furnaces are factory manufactured, packaged heating units that include: • A combustion chamber designed for gas or oil DMM with microamps capability testing the flame rectification circuit. • • • • A heat exchanger A flue gas exhaust chamber A forced air circulating fan and, A controller section. Newer units often include a secondary heat exchanger to increase efficiency and an auxiliary fan for combustion gases. Since the newer units substantially cool the combustion gases, removing water vapor from the combustion gases, they often are called condensing high-efficiency furnaces. Additionally, they will have plastic flue gas piping instead of older more traditional metal flue pipe since the gas temperatures are much lower than less efficient older units. Older standard gas furnaces were 65 % to 78 % efficient, while newer high efficiency furnaces are 78 % to 85 % efficient when used with induced draft fans. Modern condensing furnaces, however, are 90-95 % efficient. Modern fossil fuel furnaces also come equipped with electronic controls for ignition, fan speed control, electronic thermostats, and safety controls. The typical operating pressure of the natural gas furnaces at the burner is 3.5 inches of water column. Natural gas is predominantly used as the preferred fuel in larger cities and communities where main gas lines are available. Fuel oil and Liquid Petroleum (LP) heating furnaces are more popular in rural communities. F ro m t h e F l u k e D i g i t a l L i b r a r y @ w w w. f l u k e . c o m / l i b r a r y Fluke 114 The new Fluke 114 is the troubleshooting tool for “go/ no-go” testing. It includes a feature to prevent false readings caused by ghost voltage. Want to read more? Download this and other application notes at www.fluke.com/library The 114 features include: • AutoVolt: Automatic ac/dc voltage selection • LoZ: Helps prevent false readings due to ghost voltage • Large white LED backlight to work in poorly lit areas • Compact ergonomic design for one-handed operation • Resistance, continuity, frequency and capacitance Features – 116 and 114 DMMs Feature 116 114 Temperature measurements • AutoVolt/LoZ • • Analog bargraph • • Large backlit digital display • • True-rms for accurate measurements on non-linear loads • • Min/Max recording • • Display hold • • 3-1⁄2 digits • • 6000 counts • • CAT III 600 V safety rated • • Function Range and resolution Best accuracy Volts ac/dc 600 V 0.5 % + 2 Current ac/dc 10 A 1.0 % + 3 +400 °C 1.0 % + 18 Resistance Capacitance (116 only) Frequency (116 only) Diode (116 only) 50 kHz 0.9 % + 2 1 nF to 9,999 µF 1.9 % + 2 5 Hz to 50 kHz 0.1 % + 2 2V 0.9 % + 2 Recommended accessories – 116 Digital Multimeter 80AK 80PK-24 80PK-8 DMM Adapter SureGrip Air Temperature Probe Pipe Clamp Temperature Probe See page 69 See page 68 See page 68 Digital Multimeters • • • Temperature and Microamps Fluke 62 Infrared Thermometer TL75 Hard Point Test Lead Set ToolPak™ Magnetic Meter Hanging Strap New! C115 Deluxe carrying case with shoulder strap New! 80PK-11 Pipe Wrap Thermocouple Fluke 80AK Thermocouple Adapter Fluke 80BK B-Type Integrated Temperature Probe Included accessories TL75 Test Leads, 80BK Integrated Temperature Probe (116 only), holster, users manual and 9 V battery (installed). Ordering information 80BK Integrated DMM Temperature Probe ships with 116 See page 68 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm 18 • • • • Specifications – 116 and 114 DMMs Temperature (116 only) 116/62 HVAC Combo Kit • Fluke 116 HVAC Multimeter with Fluke-116 Fluke-116/62 Fluke-114 HVAC Multimeter with Temperature and Microamps HVAC Combo Kit Electrical Multimeter Fluke 77-IV Digital Multimeter Versatile meters for field service or bench repair The new 77-4 digital multimeter has the features needed to repair most electrical and electronic problems. This meter is simple to use and has significant improvements over Fluke’s original 70 Series with more measurement functions, conformance to the latest safety standards, and a much larger display that’s easier to view. Measures • Wide 1000 V measurement range • Average responding ac measurements • 0.3 % accuracy • 10 Amps continuous • Frequency and capacitance • Resistance and continuity Features • Large display • Backlight for work in dim areas • Min / Max to record signal fluctuations • Integral holster with probe holders • Free your hands with the optional TPAK magnetic hanger • Auto and Manual ranging Made in the U.S.A. Fluke 27 waterproof multimeter Completely sealed for extreme conditions Designed for U.S. military, mining and other extreme applications. A special case with o-rings prevents water from entering the input jacks, switches and fuse door. Meets military specifications for vibration, shock and water resistance. • Waterproof design with rugged, o-ring sealer case protects rotary switch, input jacks, battery and fuse door • Operates from -15 °C to +55 °C (5 °F to 131 °F) and 95 % relative humidity Fluke 73-III Features – 77-IV Digital Multimeter Feature Old 77 New 77-IV Accuracy 0.3 % 0.3 % True-rms No No Same familiar readings Frequency No Yes Built in frequency counter Capacitance No Yes Test components Maximum ac voltage 750 1000 Min/Max/Average No Yes Capture transients automatically Display backlight No Yes Usable in dim areas Battery door No Yes Fast battery changes Probe holders No Yes One-hand operation Not rated 600 V CAT IV No Yes Overvoltage category safety rating Optional magnet hanger Benefit Same great accuracy Wider measurement range Higher level of protection Position meter in best location The Fluke 73-III product represents one of the best selling multimeter designs of all time. It’s classic simplicity combined with attractive feature set make this meter the perfect choice for electronic and automotive applications. The 73-III features include: • Average responding • Measures both amps and milliamps • Removable high impact holster • Manual or autoranging Specifications – 77-IV Digital Multimeter Function Range Best accuracy Best resolution V dc 600.0 mV to 1000 V ± (0.3 % + 1) 0.1 mV V ac 6.000 V to 1000 V ± (2.0 % + 2) 1.0 mV A dc 60.00 mA to 10 A ± (1.5 % + 2) 0.01mA A ac 60.00 mA to 10 A ± (2.5 % + 2) 0.01 mA Resistance 600.0 Ω to 50 MΩ ± (0.5 % + 1) 0.1 Ω 1 nF to 9,999 µF ± (1.2 % + 2) 1 nF 99.99 Hz to 99.99 kHz ± (0.1 % + 1) 0.01 Hz Capacitance Frequency Recommended accessories – 77-IV Digital Multimeter Fluke 77-IV included accessories TL75 test leads, 9 V battery (installed) and manual. Fluke 27 included accessories TL75 test leads, alligator clips, 9 V battery (installed) and manual. Ordering information Fluke-77-4 Digital Multimeter Fluke-73-3 Digital Multimeter Fluke-27-YEL Multimeter i400s C35 AC Current Clamp Meter Case See page 66 ToolPak™ Meter Hanger See page 71 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm Digital Multimeters 19 Complete automotive diagnostic tools Tools designed to help you beat the book Application note, literature code 1547394: Beat the book This amazing reference covers test procedures commonly used by experienced automotive technicians. Covers basic troubleshooting techniques and measurements using a DMM and describes Beat the Book tests for the charging system, starting system, fuel and air system, ignition system, and the body electric/engine management/ cooling system. Fluke 88V Automotive Multimeter The Fluke 88V Automotive Multimeter is designed to help automotive professionals beat the book. This DMM has more measurement functions, troubleshooting features and accuracy to solve virtually any problems on conventional and hybrid vehicles. • Automotive test functions include dc and ac voltage, resistance and current • Min/Max recording for logging the highest and lowest readings over time • Frequency measurements for magnetic sensors and ac/dc frequency signals • Duty Cycle for variable duty cycle signals with selectable trigger slope and level • Pulse width for fuel injector on time measurements • Conductance testing for secondary ignition coils • RPM measurements for DIS and conventional ignition systems • Built-in thermometer Automotive electrical diagnosis. Better diagnosis, faster repair. Application Note Work safely This application note is intended as a guide for the professional mechanic. It describes some of the test procedures commonly used by experienced technicians. However, some of the procedures require you to take certain precautions to avoid personal injury and/or damage to equipment or vehicles. Fluke cannot anticipate all possible precautions that you must take on all the different vehicles for which this guide is applicable. For this reason, you should thoroughly familiarize yourself with proper safety habits and take all precautions described in the vehicle’s repair manuals to avoid injury or damage. Testing automotive systems with an analog/digital multimeter Perhaps the most important tool you’ll use in troubleshooting auto electrical systems is the multimeter. The basic multimeter measures voltage, current and resistance, while more elaborate multimeters, such as the new Fluke 88-V, have features that can check things such as frequency, duty cycle, pulse width, make diode tests, and even measure temperature. In this application note you will find troubleshooting techniques using the high quality, affordable and popular line of Fluke analog/digital multimeters and automotive troubleshooting accessories. Fluke’s analog/ digital combination has distinct advantages over either digital or analog meters alone, and the accessories are designed to make your job easier and more profitable. Although automotive multimeters with various capabilities have been around for years, many of them didn’t have the scales and functions required for todays’ automotive applications. Hybrid, electric and fuel cell powered vehicles have special requirements, ones met with the new 88-V. Now that computers and their sensors are a part of everyday automobile troubleshooting, you need a true multimeter to do the job. The common analog type multimeter is not only inadequate, it can damage delicate computer circuitry. Both analog meters and test lights, due to their low internal resistance (input impedance), draw too much power from the device they’re testing to be used on computers. What’s more, many analog meters use 9V to power the resistance test, which is enough to destroy sensitive digital components. From the Fluke Digital Library @ www.fluke.com/library Want to read more? Download this and other application notes at www.fluke.com/library Fluke 73-III (see pg 19 for details) • Simple interface for one-handed operation • Current measurement (A and mA) • Auto or manual ranging Features – 88V and 73 DMMs Feature 88V 73 Digital display with analog bargraph • • Continuity for detecting opens and shorts • • Diode test for alternator testing • • Peak Min/Max captures intermittence as fast as 250 microseconds • Min/Max average to monitor trends in oxygen sensor values for fuel trim • Pulse width for fuel injector on time measurements • Milliamp ranges to find low current parasitic drains • Lo-Ohms (.01 W) for low resistance sensor and coil measurements • Duty cycle for pulse width modulated signals • RPM for ignition systems • Temperature for coolant and air temperature sensors • • • Dwell for points and feedback carburetors Limited lifetime warranty • For the complete diagnostics package and maximum value, pick up the 88V/A combo kit. • Includes Fluke 88 Series V • Buy accessory kits and save • • • • • • • Automotive Multimeter TL224 Heat Resistant Silicone Test Leads TP220 Removable Sharp Point Test Probes AC285 Large Jaw Alligator Clips TPAK Magnetic Hanger 80BK Temperature Probe RPM80 Inductive Pick-up Automotive Backprobe Pins Insulation Piercing Probe Packaged in a durable carrying case (C800) Fluke 88V included accessories TLK281 Automotive Test Lead Kit See page 61 TLK282 Deluxe Automotive Test Lead Kit See page 61 TL28A TL82 Automotive Test Lead Set Automotive Pin & Socket Adapter Set See page 62 See page 63 Recommended automotive accessories – 88V DMM TP81 or TP82 Insulation Piercing Probes See page 63 TP84 Oxygen Sensor Insulation Piercing Probe See page 63 TP88 Rigid Backprobe Pin Set See page 63 Ordering information TP40 Automotive Back Probe Pin Set See page 63 For more information and detailed specifications, go to www.fluke.com/dmm 20 Digital Multimeters Test leads, 9 V battery (installed), RPM pickup, carrying case and users manual. Fluke-88-5 Automotive Multimeter Fluke-88-5/A KIT Automotive Multimeter Combo Kit Fluke-73-3 Digital Multimeter Fluke 8845A and 8846A 6.5 Digit Precision Multimeters Precision and versatility for bench or systems applications The Fluke 8845A and 8846A, 6.5 digit precision multimeters have the precision and versatility to handle your most demanding measurements on the bench or in a system. Dual display offers versatile graphical capabilities: The 8845A and 8846A feature a unique graphical display that can reveal signal quality issues like drift, intermittent and stability by viewing the measurement data as a real time TrendPlot,™ Histogram or Statistics using the unique analyze mode. Wide measurement ranges: Resistance or current has been extended to cover the widest range possible. Perform 4-wire measurements easily with two leads: Patented split terminal jacks for 2x4 ohms function allow you to perform precise 4-wire measurements with only two leads instead of four. Optional Kelvin leads accessories are available to enable you to establish a 4-wire connection even in tight spaces. Systems capabilities: Both instruments include an RS-232, IEEE-488 and Ethernet interface as standard, with popular DMM emulation modes that make systems integration a simple task. Software: Transfer data points from your meter to your PC with the free copy of FlukeView Forms Basic. To customize your forms, upgrade with FVF-UG. Fluke 8845A Fluke 8846A Application note, literature code 2547797: Understanding specifications for precision multimeters A solid understanding of specifications is critical when you’re evaluating the suitability of DMMs for an application, or when you must be confident that your readings accurately reflect reality. This application note discusses some of the thinking behind DMM specifications and spec sheets. It defines the various elements of DMM specs and gives tips on how to apply them. 5NDERSTANDING SPECIlCATIONS FOR PRECISION MULTIMETERS !PPLICATION .OTE $IGITAL MULTIMETERS ARE THE WORKHORSES OF THE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY !LMOST ALL OF THE ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS WE USE IN OUR PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL LIVES ARE BUILT OR SERVICED USING MULTIMETERS $IFFERENT $-- APPLICATIONS REQUIRE DIFFER ENT DEGREES OF ATTENTION TO SPECS ! TECHNICIAN CHECKING A LOGIC POWER SUPPLY CAN USE HIS TRUSTY BENCH $-- CONlDENTLY TO VERIFY THAT THE SUPPLY IS WITHIN A FEW PERCENT OF 6 (OWEVER WHEN THE JOB REQUIRES TESTING CRITICAL CIRCUITS CHECKING PRECISION COMPONENTS MAKING lNE ADJUSTMENTS IN PRODUCTION VERIFYING COMPLIANCE WITH INDUSTRY STANDARDS OR TAKING MEASUREMENTS OUTSIDE THE CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT OF THE LAB THEN YOULL NEED TO EVALUATE SPECIlCATIONS CAREFULLY ! SOLID UNDERSTANDING OF SPECIlCATIONS IS CRITICAL WHEN YOURE EVALUATING THE SUITABILITY OF $--S FOR AN APPLICATION OR WHEN YOU MUST BE CONlDENT THAT YOUR READINGS ACCURATELY REmECT REALITY 4HIS APPLICATION NOTE DISCUSSES SOME OF THE THINKING BEHIND $-- SPECIlCATIONS AND SPEC SHEETS )T DElNES THE VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF $-- SPECS AND GIVES TIPS ON HOW TO APPLY THEM 3PECIlCATIONS AND THE SPEC SHEET &ROM