KATHREIN Sachsen ARU4ELCU6 UHF RFID Reader User Manual Installation Manual part 1

KATHREIN Sachsen GmbH UHF RFID Reader Installation Manual part 1

Installation Manual part 1

Installation manual for Kathrein RFID UHF-ReaderInstallation manual Reader EnglishThis document is valid for all Kathrein RFID readers and describes the construction and commissioning of the readers.Version 1.03date of creation: 01.06.2012document no.: 936B057RRU4ARU4M-ARUERURDR
Installation manual Reader  2Modications, misprints and errors excepted.EnglishInstallation manual ReaderThis manual applies to the followings ARU4 types:Type: Order number:ARU4-RS4-E6 52010099ARU4-ETG-E6 52010100ARU4-ETL-E6 52010101ARU4-RS4-U6 52010102ARU4-ETG-U6 52010103ARU4-ETL-U6 52010104ARU4-ELK-E6 52010225ARU4-ELK-U6 52010226ARU4-ELC-U6 52010171This manual applies to the followings M-ARU types:Type: Order number:M-ARU-RS232 ETSI 52010135M-ARU-RS232 FCC 52010136M-ARU-ETH-E6 52010198M-ARU-ETH-U6 52010199RFID-UHF-ReaderThis manual applies to the followings RRU4 types:Type: Order number:RRU4-RS4-E6 52010093RRU4-ETG-E6 52010094RRU4-ETL-E6 52010095RRU4-RS4-U6 52010096RRU4-ETG-U6 52010097RRU4-ELC-E6 © KRAI 52010180RRU4-ELC-U6 © KRAI 52010181This manual applies to the followings  ERU types:Type: Order number:ERU-ETG-E4 52010190ERU4-ETG-U4 52010191This manual applies to the followings RDR types:Type: Order number:RDR-ETH-E4 52010200RDR-ETH-U4 52010201
Installation manual Reader  3Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishForeword and general informationThe reproduction or distribution of this document or extracts from it in whatever form and by whatever means (electronic or mechanical) for whatever purpose is permitted only with the prior written permission of Kathrein.Kathrein accepts no liability for omissions or inaccuracies in this document or in relation to the provision or use of the information contained in this document. Kathrein reserves the right to change the products described in this document and does not accept any liability in relation to the application or usage of the products described in this manual.This  document  and  the  information  contained  in  it  are  proprietary  information  of  Kathrein  and  should  be  treated  as  condential. Kathrein provides this document to its customers in connection with contacts of sale for the products described therein. If the person in possession of this document, being a legal or natural person, is not a contractual sales partner of Kathrein, or Kathrein has not intended him by other means as the recipient of the document and the information contained therein, the person in possession is hereby  informed that the use of this document is unlawful and a violation of the rights of Kathrein.Copyright noticeThe information in this manual was correct at the time of editorial deadline.We reserve the right however to make changes at any time and without prior notice.This document was prepared for specialist personal who install, congure and place in operation the reader.ScopeThe information contained in this manual is intended for the support of the development process and as development guidance for the customer. In addition this manual offers supporting information about the standards to be applied at the place of installation  and the relevant safety standards for installation and conguration of the Kathrein reader.General informationThis  manual  contains  information  on  the  installation,  conguration,  operation  and  maintenance  of  the  reader.  In  addition  it  gives  detailed technical data in order better to familiarise the user with the features of the reader. In order to ensure a long working life and fault-free operation, this manual should therefore be read carefully and all the instructions  and information contained in it should be complied with.WarrantySwitching on the AC or DC power supply prior to connecting the LAN cable is considered incorrect installation. Any functional defect arising as a result is excluded from the warranty/guarantee. Before installing or servicing the reader, the person concerned must have read the manual and understood its contents. Kathrein accepts no liability if the customer fails to implement the precautions  listed here. In such cases, any claims under the warranty/guarantee are void. Disposal instructionElectronic equipment is not classed as household waste and must be disposed of properly in accordance with Directive 2002/96/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 27 January 2003 on used  electrical and electronic equipment.At the end of its service life, take this device for disposal at a designated public collection point.Used batteries are special waste!Do not put used batteries into your domestic waste; instead take them to a collection point for used batteries!Further reading on this manual is as ((A)) in section 2.2. further reading or 7th list of references listed.
Installation manual Reader  4Modications, misprints and errors excepted.EnglishList of ContentsForeword and general information   3List of Contents   41.  Safety instructions/information   62. Introduction   92.1.  The reader  92.2.  RFID system  92.3.  Kathrein RFID Antenna Interface (© KRAI) 11 2.4.  Wide Range © KRAI antenna 12 2.5.  SMSH © KRAI planar antenna module 12 2.6.  Further reference material  132.7.  Scope of supply  132.8. Accessories  143. Installation   153.1.  Selecting the installation site  153.2.  Installing the reader RRU / ARU  153.3.  Installing the reader ERU  163.4.  Installing the reader RDR  173.5.  Installing the reader M-ARU  184.  Connections and displays   194.1.  Power supply  194.2.  Ethernet connection  204.3.  RS422-/485 connection  204.4.  RS232 connection  204.5.  ERU connection  214.6.  RDR connection  214.7.  M-ARU connection  224.8.  UART transmission (RS232, RS422, RS485 or similar)  234.9.  Ethernet transmission 25 4.10.  Anschlüsse M-ARU, RS232,       254.11.  Antenna Connection  29
Installation manual Reader  5Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishList of Contents4.12. LED  294.13. Buzzer  295. Software   305.1.  System requirements  305.2. Installation  305.3. Operation  346.  Operating the reader 396.1. Communication  396.2. Application  466.3.  Basic read functions  486.4.  Basic writing functions  516.5.  GPIO functions  536.6.  Expert settings  586.7.  Test Gen2 functions  636.8.  © KRAI Setting  676.9.  App Manager  706.10.  Access Manager  706.11.  Ethernet password  776.12.  configuration password  797.  Programming the Reader 807.1.  Preparation  807.2.  Using the examples with Windows  807.3.  Using the examples with Linux  807.4.  Using the examples with Linux on a PC  807.5.  Using on an embedded system  807.6.  Installation Embedded Linux Development Kit (ELDK)  817.7.  Installation Linux application  828.  List of references   859.  Contact address   86
Installation manual Reader  6Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English1.  Safety instructions/informationKeyCaution!NoteBefore starting installation work or replacing the unit, the accompanying manual must be read carefully and its  contents understood.The detailed information in the data sheets and in this manual must be complied with carefully during installation and operation of the reader!The  installation  team  must  be  properly  qualied  and  familiar  with  the  safety  regulations  applicable  in  the  country concerned.Connection, installation and maintenance work, as well as all other work on the unit, may only be carried out by  properly qualied and trained employees.The unit may only be used for the purpose intended by the manufacturer.Unauthorized changes to the unit and the use of spare parts and peripheral devices which are not sold or recommended by the manufacturer can result  in res, electric  shocks and injuries.  Such actions therefore  result in  exclusion of liability and make the manufacturer’s warranty/guarantee null and void.The applicable version of the manufacturer’s warranty is that which was valid at the time of purchase. We accept no liability  for unsuitable manual  or automatic adjustments  made to the  unit's parameters and  inappropriate use of  the unit.Repairs may only be undertaken by personnel authorised to perform them. Opening or attempting to repair the  unit makes all guarantee/warranty claims null and void! Improper work on the unit may jeopardise electrical safety.The manufacturer is not liable for accidents caused by the user opening the unit!When carrying out work on the unit, the valid safety regulations must be complied with.Supply voltageMake sure that the mains cable (power supply cable) is not damaged. If the mains cable is damaged, the device must not be used. Instead it must be disconnected from the mains and repaired by a qualied technician. Use only  the power supply unit supplied!Risk of fatal injury due to electric shock!The device may be operated only at the stated supply voltage (see the rear of the device or external power supply unit)!If the supply voltage is too high, there is a risk of re!General safety notesImportant!Indicates a potentially dangerous situation which, if disregarded, can lead to injuries ranging from minor to severe and/or damage to the unit.Information intended to make a specic topic easier to understand and/or enable optimal use of the unit functions.Important!
Installation manual Reader  7Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish1.  Safety instructions/informationCE marking for the Kathrein RFID reader with type designation "E6"Appropriate means are provided to dissipate the heat generated within this equipment. The device must however not be installed in a cabinet or on shelves with insufcient ventilation. The ventilation slots on the device must not be covered.There is a risk of re!VentilationProtect the device from moisture, dripping water and spraying water. The device must not be placed close to sources of heat, exposed to direct sunlight or operated in a damp environment. The device may not be operated only is moderate climatic zones. It is unsuitable for use under tropical conditions! Do not place anything which has a naked ame on the device! 1)There is a risk of re!Moisture, direct sunlight, heat, naked amesThis reader is designed “E6” for operation as per EN 302208. When the unit is operated with antennas connected, the human exposure regulations in accordance with EN 50364 must be complied with. Ensure a minimum clearance of 20 cm between the antenna and the human body, and comply with the operating instructions for RFID antennas. In some circumstances, heart pacemakers may suffer interference if wearers are close to the antenna when the unit is in operation (reader and antenna). In case of doubt, the people affected are requested to contact the manufacturer of their pacemaker or their doctor.The reader output power must be reduced as a function of the antenna cable length and the antenna gain.Radiated electromagnetic eldsMarking for the Kathrein RFID reader with type designation "U6"The reader with the identier „U6“ are designed to operate under FCC Part 15 and can be found at the FCC homepage under grantee code „WJ9“.This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and, (2) This device must accept any interference received including interference that may cause undesired operation.Industry CanadaLe présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d‘Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils radio exempts de licence. L‘exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes : (1) l‘appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et (2) l‘utilisateur de l‘appareil doit accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique subi, même si le brouillage est susceptible d‘en compromettre le fonctionnement.Under Industry Canada regulations, this radio transmitter may only operate using an antenna of a type and maximum (or lesser) gain approved for the transmitter by Industry Canada. To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be so chosen that the equivalent isotropically radiated power (e.i.r.p.) is not more than that necessary for successful communication.This radio transmitter has been approved by Industry Canada to operate with the antenna types listed at page 8 with the maximum permissible gain and required antenna impedance for each antenna type indicated. Antenna types not  included in this list, having a gain greater than the maximum gain indicated for that type, are strictly prohibited for use with this device.Modications or conversions which are carried out on this unit without the express permission of Kathrein may invalidate the FCC permit for the operation of this unit.Important!Important!Important!
Installation manual Reader  8Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English1.  Safety instructions/informationNoteFollowing corresponding tests, it has been ascertained that this unit adheres to the limit values for class B digital units in accordance with part 15 of the FCC regulations. These limit values are intended to provide private user's systems with appropriate protection against harmful radio interference. This unit generates and uses energy in the radio frequency range and is also able to radiate this; if it is not installed and used in accordance with the regulations, the unit may cause harmful radio communication interference. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a specic system. If this unit causes harmful radio or television reception interference, which can be ascertained by switching the unit on and off, we recommend that the user attempts to rectify this  interference via one or more of the following measures:-  Realign the receive antenna or change its position.-  Increase the distance between the unit and the receiver.-  Plug the unit into a socket in a current circuit other than that to which the receiver is connected.-  Seek advice from the retailer or an experienced radio/television technician.Warning regarding exposure to RF radiationNoteTo meet part 15 of the FCC regulations in the United States, the system must be properly installed to guarantee adherence to the certication regulations according to part 15. The operator and the specialist company which carries out  installation  are  responsible  for  ensuring  that  only  certied  systems  are  used  in  the  United  States.  Use  of  this system in any other combination (e.g. several antennas which transmit the same information in the same location)  is expressly prohibited.Note regarding proper installation:Important!FCC RF Radiation Exposure StatementThis transmitter must not be co-location or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.This equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 centimeters between the radiator and your body.This equipment complies with IC RSS-102 radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.  This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.Type Order-No. Shortened designation GainWiRa 30° FCC 52010087 Wide Range-Antenna FCC, 902-928 MHz, 30° circular 11dBiC/ 8DBiWiRa 70° FCC 52010079 Wide Range-Antenna FCC, 902-928 MHz, 70° circular typ. 11dBiMiRa FCC 52010083 Mid Range-Antenna FCC, 902-928 MHz, 1000° circular 2.5dBiS-MiRa ETSI/FCC 52010172 Short-Range-Antenna FCC, 865-928 MHz, 100° circular typ -10dBiU-LoRa ETSI/FCC 52010092 Ultra Low Range-Antenna FCC, 865-928 MHz -30dBiLoRa FCC 52010085 Low Range-Antenna FCC, 902-928 MHz -15dBiWiRa-30-linear-FCC 52010249 Wide Range-Antenna 30° linear FCC, 902-828 MHz, 30° linear typ. 11dBiWiRa-40-linear-FCC 52010252 Wide Range-Antenna 40° linear FCC, 902-828 MHz, 40° linear typ. 13dBiSMSH-30-30ETSI-FCC-Antennenmodul 52010219 Smart Shelft-Antenna, 865-928 MHz, non cascadable -7dBi
Installation manual Reader  9Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish2. Introduction2.2.  RFID systemAn RFID system consists of the control computer of the actual reader, antennas, antenna connection cables and the tags. The gure below shows the schematic structure of the system:The tags consist of an antenna and a small chip. The chip is the true carriers of the information,the EPC number. This number can be identied products or product groups. Alternatively, the EPC can be overwritten with new information.To read the tag information, the reader sends an RF carrier by an active antenna and thus supplies the tags in the RF eld with energy. If the information in one tag should be read, this tag should be rst selected (inventoried) from the population of tags. Upon successful completion of the inventory, the EPC number of each tag can be read and sent to the PC. Additional information can be attached to the EPC, for example the antenna which read it the time point at which it was read. Figure: continuous operation  ETL and ELC RFID systemBy the ETL and ELC Reader is an industrial PC with Linux operating system is integrated.RS232RS422/485Ethernet2.1.  The readerThe Kathrein RFID (Radio Frequency Identication) reader RRU4 is a multi-protocol-capable device for reading active and passive RFID tags in the frequency range from 865 to 868 MHz for Europe type “E6” and 902 to 928 MHz for the American market type “U6”. As supplied the unit can read and write tags in accordance with the EPC-Gen2 standard.  Additional protocols can be loaded using software updates.The device has a maximum of four external antenna ports for connection of the transmission/reception antennas for communication with RFID tags.For integration into a variety of infrastructures, the device has different communication interfaces depending on the variant. The power supply is provided by a 4-pin M12 panel connector in A coding.Important!The reader operates using the frequency hopping process, so as to avoid faults and interference between readers. Within the FCC area this procedure is mandatory. The readers changes its transmission frequency randomly, with equal distribution across the 52 available channels. Each channel is used for max. 400ms in an interval of 20s.
Installation manual Reader  10Modications, misprints and errors excepted.EnglishFor testing and parameterizing the reader the Demo Software“Reader Start v2”can be used.The communication between the“Reader Start v2” and the reader is based on the DLL, which includes the commu-nication protocol ((A)). For specic applications the user can build its own control software based on the reader DLL. The DLL includes all the relevant commands and functions, which are needed to control the readerFigure: Testing and conguration of the RFID systemRS232RS422/485EthernetBy the ETL and ELC Reader an industrial PC with Linux Operating System is integrated.RS232RS422/485EthernetFigure: Continuous operation of the ETL and ELC RFID systemThe control software must be created by the user.The user-specic control software can run on ETL reader directly. Thus, a stand-alone operation without permanent network connection is possible.The demo software Reader Start is included.2. Introduction
Installation manual Reader  11Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish2. Introduction2.3.  Kathrein RFID Antenna Interface © KRAIBy using Kathrein © KRAI antennas, reading rates can be increased by 33% compared to simple circular antennas.The Kathrein-RFID Antenna Interface © KRAI consists of a digital control bus, which enables connection between the RFID reader and the RFID antennas in order to allow control and regulation tasks in remote antennas.The phase control elements integrated in the © KRAI antennas enable static or  dynamic adjustment of antenna characteristics. Due to this, four different polarizations can be selected for the new 70° Wide Range antenna (type 52010193 WIRA-70-KRAI-ETSI): RHCP / LHCP/ horizontal linear / vertical linearOne can choose between static polarization and automatic switch-over. As the Kathrein-RFID Antenna In-terface © KRAI is transmitted over the standard antenna cable, no additional lead or connection is required to control the new antenna types.The Kathrein RFID © KRAI system permits the cascading of up to 8 SMSH antennas at a single antenna port. This allows selective access to up to 32 individual antennas. This allows the reading result to be linked to the antenna recognition (e.g. antenna 3 (5)) and be output.With the new © KRAI product series Kathrein has introduced a revolutionary system.
Installation manual Reader  12Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English2.4.  Wide Range © KRAI antennaPlease ensure that the rmware of your KRAI-capable reader and the reader start conguration software are release 2.40 or higher.NoteNoteWiRa-70-KRAI antennas cannot be cascaded.A maximum of 8 SMSH antennas can be cascaded per rea-der port.2.5.  SMSH © KRAI planar antenna module:
Installation manual Reader  13Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish2.6.  Further reference materialIn  order  to  congure  the  reader  correctly  and  adapt  it  to  the  respective  application,  detailed  knowledge  of  the EPCGlobal standards of GS1 is necessary ((E)). This standard describes the principle of operation of the interface  between the tag and reader.The parameters  available for  the conguration  of the reader  is available  as described  in the  “conguration manual Reader” ((B))The reader is controlled via the Kathrein-Reader protocoll (KBRP). The document “communication protocol” ((A)) in the current version contains a detailed description of the protocolNoteThe versions of the documents must match the software version of the reader. The CD supplied contains the current documents for the reader rmware supplied.2.7.  Scope of supplyThe package includes a CD next to each reader with a parameter, and test software  (Reader Start), programmingexamples, DLL and operating((E))  EPCTM Radio-Frequency Identity Protocols Class-1 Generation-2 UHF RFID in version V1.2.0 : www.epcglobalinc.org„communication protocol“ ((A)) for software developers„congurational manual reader“ ((B)) for commissioning„installation manual reader“ ((C)) Setup and installation"installation manual antenna“ ((D)) Setup and installation„EPCGlobal standard“ ((E)) for software developers„Putty is SSH and Telnet-Client“ ((F)) for software developers
Installation manual Reader  14Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English2. Introduction-  Cable sets (without antenna cable)Order number Type for Series Product type52010125 CK-RRU RS4 RRU4/ARU4 Power supply cable, RS 422/485, GPIO, length 1.5 m52010126 CK-RRU ETG RRU4/ARU4 Power supply cable, Ethernet interface cable, GPIO-cable, length 1.5 m52010189 CK-M-ARU RS M-ARU Combination cable for power supply GPIOs, RS232 interfacelength 1.5 m52010209 CK-M-ARU PoE M-ARU Combination cable for power supply and PoE interface, length 1.5 m52010238 R-CC 10 ETH RRU4/ARU4/M-ARUEthernet Connecting Cable, length 10 m52010239 R-CC 10 GPIO RRU4/ARU4 GPIO Connecting Cable, length 10 m52010240 R-CC 10 DC RRU4/ARU4 DC power supply Connecting Cable, length 10 m52010241 R-CC 10 RS M-ARU Connecting Cable M-ARU, length 10 m2.8. AccessoriesThe following accessories are available for the reader (if you have questions about the accessories, please contact  our Sales Ofce):-  Antennas: For use with UHF-RFID antennas; we recommend the Kathrein antenna types ULoRa, LoRa,  MiRa, WiRa. These antenna types are available for all frequency ranges.The mentioned types of antennas are available for all frequency ranges and in screwed condition tight IP 65.Order number Type Connector 1 Connector 2  Lenght (cm)52010174 R-AC 3 TNC-TNCRTNC TNC ReverseLL240 ex, 30052010175 R-AC 6 TNC-TNCR LL240 ex, 60052010176 R-AC 10 TNC-TNCR LL240 ex,100052010177 R-AC 15 TNC-TNCR LL240 ex,150052010250 R-AA N-TNC N-Socket TNC (socket) LL440 ex,150052010090 R-AC 3 SMA-TNCR SMA (socket) TNC (socket) RG 58, 30052010208 R-AC 05 SMA-SMA SMA (socket) SMA (socket) RG 58, 50-  Antenna cableOrder number Type Product type52010178 R-AA TNC-N(f-m) Adapter TNC-N (f-m)52010243 R-AA TNC-SMA (f-m) Adapter SMA (f-m)-  Antenna adapter
Installation manual Reader  15Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish-  Mounting Accessories-  Protective CoversOrder number Type Product type52010179 R-RPA 115-230V/24V RRU / ARU 230V power supply with safty plug (Lörar); 24V DC power supply with M12 socket 4-pin, A-coded52010192 R-ERPA 115-230V/24V ERU 230V power supply 24V DC cable plug connector 2.5 mmOrder number Type Product type52010127 Protective covers set for the RRU and ARU reader seriesAccessories for RRU4/ARU4 reader with screw caps for 3x antenna input (R-TNC) and 2x digital (M12)-  Readers power supply -  Montageset und Wand-/Masthalterung Bestellnummer Typ Bestehend aus52010005  MK-AMB-100-Outdoor Poll Mount Kit for 30° WiRa antennas52010128 MK-WPM-100-100-Outdoor Wall/Pole Mount Kit for WiRa 70 ° an-ennes and RRU4/ARU4-Readern52010261 MK-WM-100-100-Indoor Wall Mount Kit for WiRa 70°antennas and RRU-, ARU- Reader; Indoor52010262 MK-WPM-100-100-Outdoor Wall/Pole Mount Kit for WiRa 40°antennas; Outdoor2. Introduction
Installation manual Reader  16Modications, misprints and errors excepted.EnglishFigure: Far side RRU4 with dimensions(M6 x 10 screw)3.1.  Selecting the installation siteWhen the connections are plugged in, the device satises the protection class IP65 (RRU and ARU) and class IP40 (ERU and RDR). When selecting the installation location, make sure there is sufcient space around it for appropriate dissipation of the heat generated by the device. Do not install it close to external sources of heat. The maximum operating temperature listed in the  data sheet must not be exceeded. The support surface must have a sufcient lead-bearing capacity/strength.3.2.  Installing the readerThe device has threaded holes at the rear for attaching the reader. The dimensions of the holes pattern can be found in the drawing below. For ease of installation a bracket is available as an accessory, which offers the option of  mounting on a mast or wall.3. Installation
Installation manual Reader  17Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishFigure: ERU with dimensions3.3.  Installing the reader ERU3. Installation
Installation manual Reader  18Modications, misprints and errors excepted.EnglishFigure: RDR with dimensions3.4.  Installing the reader RDR3. Installation
Installation manual Reader  19Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishFigure: M-ARU with dimensions3. Installation3.5.  Installing the reader M-ARU
Installation manual Reader  20Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displaysFigure: General view of the RRU42   13   4PIN Allocation1 +24 V DC23 GND4Allocation of the power cable (Order-No.. 52010125 und 52010126)Depending of the device variant, the reader has various connection options. The illustration below shows an RRU and ARU standard reader with all its connection options. Details of the connections and the pin assignments of plugs  and sockets are provided in the following pages.Sockets, from left to right Description1 Communication connection: M12 (depending on the device variant)2 Power supply connection: M12 male, 4-pin, A-coded3 GPIO connection 1: M12 female, 8-pin, A-coded4 GPIO connection 2: M12 female, 8-pin, A-coded5 Antenna connection 1: R-TNC 50 Ohm6 Antenna connection 2: R-TNC 50 Ohm7 Antenna connection 3: R-TNC 50 Ohm8 Antenna connection 4: R-TNC 50 OhmStatus indicators: 3 coloured LEDs (red, green, orange)4.1.  Power supplyThe power supply is arranged as a four-pin round-pin plug with and M12 connection thread in A-coding.Only power supply units with power limitation are approved for operation with the device. This means that the  secondary side of the power supply unit is limited to a power of maximum 100 W.Note
Installation manual Reader  21Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishPIN Allocation1 TD+2 RD+3 TD-4 RD-1   24   3PIN Allocation RS422 Allocation RS4851 RxD+ RxD/TxD+2 RxD- RxD/TxD-3 TxD+4 TxD-5 GND GND1   24   35 Zentral-PinPIN Allocation 1 CTS2 RxD3RTS4 TxD5 GND1   24   35 Zentral-PinAllocation of the serial interface cable (Order-No. 52010125) valid for RS232, RS422/4854.  Connections and displays4.2.  Ethernet connectionThis data interface is arranged as a 4-pin M12 socket with D-coding. Only shielded cables may be used.4.3.  RS422/485 connectionThis interface is arranged as a 5-pin M12 socket with A-coding. Only shielded cables may be used.The interface card of the reader is equipped with a combined RS485/RS422 interface. The changeover between RS485  and  RS422  is  performed  using  the  conguration  tool.  For  operation  as  RS422,  the  RS485  cables  are connected to RX.4.4.  RS232 connectionThis interface is also arranged as a 5-pin M12 socket with A-coding. Only shielded cables may be used.
Installation manual Reader  22Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displays4.5.  ERU connectionPIN Allocation1 power supply +2 Masse3 INPUT_04 INPUT_15 INP_COMMON6 INPUT_27 INPUT_38 power supply +9 Masse10 OUTPUT_011 OUTPUT_112 OUTPUT_COMMON13 OUTPUT_214 OUTPUT_3Power supply:The power supply is designed as a hollow connector 2.5 mm.Digital inputs and outputs:The digital inputs and outputs are provided via a fourteen-pin terminal block. The control and evaluation are provided by the internal software.Port communication interface:To communicate with the reader, the ERU Ethernet connection via a standard RJ45 connector can be used.Alternatively, the reader can ERUs through a standard USB type. B port can be controlled.4.6.  RDR connectionPort communication interface:To communicate with the RDR reader a Power over Ethernet (PoE) connection via a standard RJ45 connector is used.PIN Allocationinner conductor +24 Vouter conductor Masse
Installation manual Reader  23Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish4.7.  M-ARU connection4.  Connections and displaysSupply voltage PoE:PIN Allocation1 GPIO – OUT32 GPIO – GND3 GND4 RS 232 – GND5 RS 232 – RxD (mit TxD vom PC verbinden)6 RS 232 – TxD (mit TxD vom PC verbinden)7 + 24 V DC8 GPIO – OUT29 GPIO – IN310 GPIO – OUT111 GPIO – IN212 GPIO – IN1Supply voltage local GPIO/RS232/UbPIN Belegung1 TD+2 RD+3 TD-4 RD-1   24   3
Installation manual Reader  24Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displays4.8.  UART transmission (RS232, RS422, RS485 or similar)4.8.1.  Bit transmission layer (physical layer)A full or half-duplex connection such as RS232, RS422 or RS485 is used for the physical layer.4.8.2.  Data link layerTransmission is in frames and blocks. A block comprises a maximum of 256 frames. A frame comprises a maximum of 256 bytes, of which a maximum of 250 bytes can be user data. The result is a maximum block size of  64000 bytes of user data.The data link layer is used to safeguard the data between sender and recipient. The sender receives a response from the recipient for each frame received. If the sender does not receive a response from the recipient within a time window of 350 milliseconds after sending a frame, the frame sent is repeated until the error counter signals  the cancellation of the transmission.  Structure of a frame5A LL SS FF DD ... DD P1 P25A:  Start code for synchronisationLL:  Number of bytes in the frame not including the start codeSS:  Status byteFF:  Frame numberDD:  User dataP1:  16-bit checksum low byteP2:  16-bit checksum high byte4.8.2.2.  Start code and synchronisationThe start code is used to synchronise the recipient to the sender. It further allows the receiver to synchronise to the  start of a frame when no data have been received for 15 milliseconds.  Status byteThe status byte has the following signicance:50:  Data packetA0:  Response: “OK”A1:  Response: “Memory error” (the receiver was unable to allocate any memory for the data block received)A response is only 3 bytes long and is not CRC checked.“OK” response: 5A 02 A0“Memory error” response: 5A 02 A14.  Connections and displays
Installation manual Reader  25Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish4.  Connections and displays4.8.2.4.  Frame numberThe frame number denes how many more frames there are in this data block. Only the rst frame in a data block  can be shorter than 256 bytes. Each additional frame must have a length of 256 bytes (length byte LL is FF).It is therefore possible to calculate the block size from the rst frame number.For example:A block with 700 bytes of user data is to be transmitted. For this purpose the block is divided into three frames.1. frame: 5A CD 50 02 – there now follow 200 bytes of user data – P1 P22. frame: 5A FF 50 01 – there now follow 250 bytes of user data – P1 P23. frame: 5A FF 50 00 – there now follow 250 bytes of user data – P1 P2The receiver can  use the  frame  number of  the rst frame  (here 02)  and  its length  byte  to calculate  the block  size  (block size = frame number * 250 bytes + length byte -5) (here in the example: 2 * 250 bytes + 205 bytes - 5 bytes = 700 bytes), and reserve an appropriate amount of memory for the data.  User dataUser data are the bytes in a frame that ow into the block transmitted. ChecksumThe checksum is calculated using the polynomial x^16 + x^12 + x^5 + 1 with a pre-initialisation of 0x0000 from the  start code to the last user data byte.4.8.3.  Network layerAs the KBRP is a point-to-point protocol, there is no network layer.4.8.4.  Transport layer, session layer, presentation layerDo not exist.4.8.5.  Application layerThe application layer transmits data blocks from 1 to a maximum of 64000 bytes.4.  Connections and displays
Installation manual Reader  26Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displays4.9. LLRP-ProtocolNoteBased on the communication protocol TCP, the Kathrein RFID reader with the Linux operating system can handle the so called Low Level Reader Protocol (LLRP).This is a by EPCglobal (http://www.epcglobalinc.org/standards/llrp) standardized com-munication interface between RFID reader and a LLRP-enabled application software. The default port for LLRP is 5084.This LLRP protocol is roughly divided into the following parts:•  Automatic query of the reader functions by the application software•  Conguration of the reader functions by the application software•  Triggering of read and write operations on the air interface by the application software•  Transfer of the found tag data to the application softwareTo start the LLRP application, please use the AppManager of the ReaderStart Sw. There you can load the LLRP protocol engine with „Install App“ then start with „Start App“.To test the Kathrein reader with the LLRP protocol you can use the open-source pro-gramming tool „Eclipse (IDE)“. With the so called LLRP Commander the Reader can be controlled and operated.Eclipse (IDE) and LLRP Commander are not part of the Kathrein RFID SW
Installation manual Reader  27Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish4.9. LLRP-Protocol4.  Connections and displays4.11.  Digital inputs and outputs4.10.1.  Frame structureA frame is structured as follows:Start + Data block + EndThe start consists of 0xAA 0xBB 0x01 0x01, where the rst 1 is the data transmit byte and the second 1 a stuff byte.  The end consists of 0xAA 0xCC. If the byte 0xAA occurs in the KBRP frame, it must be doubled (0xAA → 0xAA 0xAA)4.10.2. PortThe TCP communication port is the Port 4007.4.10.3. ExampleAs an example the frame for “ASyncGetEPCs” is shown. The ID for this command is the “0x0111” which then causes the frame to appear as follows:0xAA 0xBB 0x01 0x01 0x11 0x01 0xAA 0xCC4.10.  Ethernet transmissionWhen communication to our reader is via Ethernet, a data transmission layer is also used, as for serial communication. The transmission layer via Ethernet looks much simpler here, because the TCP/IP protocol already provides a  data security layer. All we need to add are the packet start and packet end, since TCP/IP is a streaming protocol.The activation and evaluation can be performed using the software ReaderStart v2, with the DLL supplied, or by  access to the reader protocol.Pin GPIO 1 GPIO 21 OUT_CMN OUT_CMN2 INPUT 4 INPUT 13 INP_CMN INP_CMN4 GND GND5 UB UB6 OUTPUT 4 OUTPUT 27 OUTPUT 3 OUTPUT 18 INPUT 3 INPUT 21   27   36   458 central pin
Installation manual Reader  28Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displaysAllocation of the GPIO interface cable (Order-No. 52010125, 52010126)The digital inputs and outputs are communicated via two eight-pin sockets in A-coding with M12 connection threads. The inputs are double isolated from the power supply of the reader and can be operated irrespective of the polarity of the input signal. For this reason there is a common pin for the inputs (INP_CMN). The connection variants for the inputs are shown below. Depending on the application, the power to the inputs can be double insulated  from the external power supply to the reader, or not double insulated from it.Figure: Inputs double insulated
Installation manual Reader  29Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish4.  Connections and displaysThe outputs are also double insulated from the power supply to the reader and have a common pin (OUT_CMN).  If the double insulation is not required, the power supply can also be taken directly from the reader.Please note that the load per channel is limited to a maximum of 0.5 A, and the total load across all the channels must not exceed 1.5 A. The inputs and outputs are designed for a maximum voltage of 30 V DC. Further information  can be found in the data sheet for the reader.Note
Installation manual Reader  30Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English4.  Connections and displaysThe connection examples for the outputs are shown in the next illustrations.Figure: Outputs double insulatedFigure: Outputs not double insulated
Installation manual Reader  31Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish4.  Connections and displays4.12.  Antenna Connection4.13. LED4.14. BuzzerFor the connection to the RFID antennas, the reader has four antenna connections that are of reverse  TNC design. Please only use the cable from the accessories or equivalent cable for this connection.NotePlease only use cable suitable for the impedance (50 Ohm), as otherwise the performance of the reader will be  severely limited by the mismatch. If the mismatch is large, the reader may indicate a fault.The reader has a 2-colour LED for the indication of the operating state. The table below shows the colours used  and the related operating state.Red Green Operating stateXashes approx. every 8 seconds Error during initialisationX X Unit is bootingFlashes approx. every 8 seconds X Normal operation with heartbeatThe reader has also ARU4 the antenna dome 4 LEDs. (Red / green / red / green) that can be controlled via softwareTable: Indication of the operating states by the LEDFurthermore  the  reader  is  also  tted  with  a  buzzer  which,  in  addition  to  the  LED,  indicates  successful  booting  (1 x short) or an error (2 x long).
Installation manual Reader  32Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English5. SoftwareFigure: Installation LanguageThe splash screen is now appearing again information about the exact state of the versionReader Start software. This information can later be retrieved via the drop-down menu in the menu bar info.Figure: Welcome screen with software versionThe presentation of the setup window depends on the operating system.The following pictures show the state to install with software version 2.20. All subsequent versions are also installed. Please follow the instructions on the screen.For test purposes the reader can be operated using the demo software supplied. This software provides all the necessary  functionality  of  the  reader  for  a  test  in  a  real  environment.  As  an  aid  to  conguration,  various  basic  settings for application scenarios are provided.The current version of the Reader Start can be found on our website under „Software & Downloads“.As well as this documentation, the following documents and programs can be found on the CD supplied:-  data sheet for the reader-  specication of the protocol for communication by the reader with a receiver-  catalogue of the RFID products currently available-  API DLLs for the simplied activation of the reader with Borland and Visual Studio together with some simple programming examples-  set-up program for the Kathrein reader start demo-  .Net Framework 4-  C++ 2008 redistributable5.1.  System requirementsTo ensure correct operation using the software on your PC/laptop, your PC/laptop should meet the following  minimum requirements:Processor:   X86 compatibleMemory:    512 MB RAMOperating system:    Windows XP (SP3), Vista (SP1), Windows 7 or higherfree hard disk memory for: 32-bit operating system    850 MB (including Microsoft .Net Framework 4)64-bit operating system    2 GB (including Microsoft .Net Framework 4)5.2. InstallationThe demo software is installed by running KathreinRFIDDemoSetup.exe from the CD-ROM supplied. During the  installation  a  check  is  made  whether  the  necessary  preconditions  for  the  installation  are  satised.  This means that a check is made whether all the dependencies such as the necessary Windows Service Packs, the .NET Framework in the respective version together with the C++ redistributables are installed. If this is the case,  during this process the demo software and the DLL for controlling the reader are installed.After the start of the set-up, you can change the language used during the installation in the window that now opens. Conrm your selection by clicking on the OK button.NoteClicking on the Next button takes you to the license agreement. Please read this through carefully; if you do  not accept the terms of the agreement you must decline to accept it. The installation is then terminated at this point.
Installation manual Reader  33Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishFigure: Conrmation of the license agreement5. SoftwareFigure: Selection of the installation folderFigure: Selection of the folder in the start menuIn the next screen you can customise the folder in the Windows start menu. Here, as in the previous windows,  you are offered the standard settings.If you have accepted the license agreement, press the Next button, following which you can select the target folder in which to install the software. Don't forget to select the target drive also.
Installation manual Reader  34Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English5. SoftwareFigure: Selecting installation tasksFigure: Summary of the installation tasksIn the following window you can specify whether you wish an icon to be included in the Windows Quick Launch  and/or on the Desktop. The default is to generate no icons.Finally a summary of all the installation tasks is shown. Click on the Install button to start the  installation. If during the installation procedure a request is made to restart the computer, please do so.
Installation manual Reader  35Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglishSuccessful completion of the installation is shown in the following window. If you do not wish to start using the software straight away, please uncheck the Launch ReaderStart v2, box, otherwise the program will start immediately  once you click on Finish5. SoftwareFigure: Completing the installation
Installation manual Reader  36Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English5. Software5.3.1.  User interface for ReaderStart v2Bild: Oberäche ReaderStart v25.3. OperationIn the following section, the Reader‘s launch software for the Kathrein RFID reader is described.The program is started by ReaderStart v2.exe. The splash screen is displayed until all the necessary DLLs have been loaded in the background. After this the user interface shown below appears. This consists essentially  of the menu bar, the tabs together with the status eld.The insertion of of the tab („App Manager“) is then only when the reader hardware supports it.NoteFunctions that are unavailable are greyed out in the program.The settings and controls for the reader are divided into individual functional groups under different tabs. The individual sheets can be selected using the tabs. The sequence of the tabs can be changed as required by  “drag and drop”.All status messages from the reader and the program are shown in the status eld, and if desired logged. 3 message types are dened:• Info    –  shows which action was just performed• Warning  –  indicates possible problems in the structure and conguration• Error    –  indicates that the desired action could not be executedEvery  message  is  provided  with  a  time  stamp  which  is  placed  in  the  status  eld  which  always  lies  above  the  information itself.
Installation manual Reader  37Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish5. SoftwareFigure: Saving the conguration in a le5.3.3.  Menu barThe menu bar allows the program to be customised to your own requirements. These include for example: language  settings,  layout,  status  messages  and  calling  up  the  program  information.  It  consists  of  the  items:  le,  options and info. FileThere are a wide variety of parameters available for conguring the RF front end. A complete setting can be saved  as a parameter set in the menu item le as an XML le, and later reloaded.Under the item Save Reader Conguration to File, a dialogue opens which displays all the available parameter sets (0 - 7). The selection can be changed by setting the check. Furthermore each parameter set can be described briey. Selecting Save opens a further dialogue in which a respective save location and a le name must be selected or input, in order to successfully save the le. The progress of the save operation is shown by a progress bar.The status eld has a context menu which allows deactivation of warnings, information and errors in the status eld. Messages that  have expired can be deleted in this menu.Reloading the settings starts with the selection of the parameter le. In the dialogue which opens, all available parameter sets are displayed. The assignment of them to the individual save locations can be reassigned here. For this purpose the desired parameter set on the reader can be selected in the drop-down menu. Selection of the item None means this parameter set is not loaded into the reader. In the default setting a 1:1 assignment applies. Pressing the Assign parameter sets 1:1 button resets all the changes in the assignment to the default. Pressing the Delete assignment button deletes all assignments of the saved parameter sets to those in the reader. In the drop-down menu this is indicated by None.
Installation manual Reader  38Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English5. SoftwareFigure: Loading a conguration from the le5.3.2.2. OptionsFigure: Changing the languageThe  Options are divided into two groups. One part offers the facility to change or reset some properties  of the program. The second part permits the reader to be provided with new rmware and to change its system time.The  rst  group  includes  changing  the  language,  selection  of  the  warnings  that  are  displayed,  resetting  the  layout and  deletion  of  the  status  messages  in  the  status  eld.  The  language  used  in  the  program  set  to  the  desired language by clicking on Language Selection in the menu item. The currently selected language is shown  by a check; if a computer restart is necessary in order to load the change, the program will indicate this.
Installation manual Reader  39Modications, misprints and errors exceptedEnglish5. SoftwareFigure: Setting the warningsFigure: Updating the rmwareFigure: Setting the date and timeUnder the item Warnungen (Warnings), the conrmation  queries  for  the  actions Describe, Block  or  Deactivate  the  tags in the eld are activated or deactivated.NoteChanging the memory content of the tags can render them unusable.If it is desired to recreate the original layout of the program in respect of window size and sequence  of tabs, this can be achieved by means of the Reset layout menu item.The  Firmware  Update  item  permits  the  update  of  the  reader  rmware.  The  window  that  opens  shows  the  version currently mounted in the reader. After selection of a rmware le, this version is shown in the next line. Pressing the Update button starts the procedure. The progress is shown in the Update progress line in a bar. After a successful update the reader must be restarted, either by pressing the Restart button or by switching the power supply off and on again.The reader has an integral clock, which can deliver the time stamp for a tag operation. This clock is set using the Date and time settings in the menu. When this menu item is opened, it automatically reads the current date and time from the reader and compares this with the date and time from the host computer. The date and time of the host computer can now be loaded to the reader by pressing the Set system date and time on Reader button. There is also the facility to set the reader date and time manually and load it to the reader. This is done by entering the desired date and time on the reader side and pressing the Set adjusted system date and time on Reader  button. The status line indicates which action was just executed  and whether the action was successful.
Installation manual Reader  40Modications, misprints and errors excepted.English5. Software5.3.2.3. InfoFigure: About reader start v2Figure: Displaying the license keyFigure: Interrogating information about the readerThis item on the menu bar allows information about the reader start software and the reader to be interrogated.  The version issue of the PC software can be interrogated under the rst item.The second item automatically reads the license key. The key plays back various factory-set parameters of the reader. In certain cases it may be necessary to send this key to Kathrein (rd@kathrein.de). The window that opens allows the key to be copied to the clipboard.The third item supplies detailed information about the software and hardware versions of the reader. The rmware is specied with version number and build number. The hardware issue is divided into CPU module, PA module and the various I/O modules. The information about the I/O modules are stated in the format Insert position : module type .The Error status item reads the error status of the reader and shows all errors that are still outstanding in the status eld.

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