Siemens Canada Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments LR560 SITRANS LR560 Level Probing Radar User Manual LT01 LR560PA

Siemens Canada Ltd. - Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments SITRANS LR560 Level Probing Radar LT01 LR560PA

User Manual PA

Radar Transmitters
Operating Instructions 10/2010
SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA)
SITRANS
Draft_1.0-02
Firmware 1.00.00-32
© Siemens AG 2010
Safety Guidelines: Warning notices must be observed to ensure personal safety as well as that of
others, and to protect the product and the connected equipment. These warning notices are
accompanied by a clarification of the level of caution to be observed.
Qualified Personnel: This device/system may only be set up and operated in conjunction with this
manual. Qualified personnel are only authorized to install and operate this equipment in accordance with
established safety practices and standards.
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability:
The user is responsible for all changes and repairs made to the device by the user or the user’s
agent.
All new components are to be provided by Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments.
Restrict repair to faulty components only.
Do not reuse faulty components.
Warning: Cardboard shipping package provides limited humidity and moisture protection. This product
can only function properly and safely if it is correctly transported, stored, installed, set up, operated, and
maintained.
This product is intended for use in industrial areas. Operation of this equipment in a residential area
may cause interference to several frequency based communications.
Note: Always use product in accordance with specifications.
Copyright Siemens AG 2010. All Rights
Reserved
Disclaimer of Liability
This document is available in bound version and in
electronic version. We encourage users to purchase
authorized bound manuals, or to view electronic
versions as designed and authored by Siemens
Milltronics Process Instruments. Siemens Milltronics
Process Instruments will not be responsible for the
contents of partial or whole reproductions of either
bound or electronic versions.
While we have verified the contents of this
manual for agreement with the
instrumentation described, variations remain
possible. Thus we cannot guarantee full
agreement. The contents of this manual are
regularly reviewed and corrections are
included in subsequent editions. We welcome
all suggestions for improvement.
Technical data subject to change.
MILLTRONICS®is a registered trademark of Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments.
Contact SMPI Technical Publications European Authorized Representative
at the following address:
Technical Publications Siemens AG
Siemens AG Industry Sector
Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments 76181 Karlsruhe
1954 Technology Drive, P.O. Box 4225 Deutschland
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, K9J 7B1
Email: techpubs.smpi@siemens.com
For a selection of Siemens Milltronics level measurement manuals, go to:
www. siemens.com/processautomation. Under Process Instrumentation, select
Level
Measurement
and then go to the manual archive listed under the product family.
For a selection of Siemens Milltronics weighing manuals, go to:
www. siemens.com/processautomation. Under Weighing Technology, select
Continuous
Weighing Systems
and then go to the manual archive listed under the product family.
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Safety Notes .............................................................................................................................................1
Safety marking symbols ..............................................................................................................1
FCC Conformity ........................................................................................................................................1
CE Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Conformity ....................................................................2
Industry Canada ......................................................................................................................................2
The Manual ...............................................................................................................................................3
Application Example .....................................................................................................................3
Technical Support ....................................................................................................................................3
Abbreviations and Identifications .......................................................................................................4
SITRANS LR560 Overview .................................................................................................6
Programming ............................................................................................................................................6
Local Display Interface (LDI) ......................................................................................................7
Versions .....................................................................................................................................................7
Applications ..............................................................................................................................................7
Approvals and Certificates ...................................................................................................................7
Specifications ......................................................................................................................8
Power............................................................................................................................................. 8
Performance................................................................................................................................. 8
Interface ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Mechanical................................................................................................................................... 9
Environmental ............................................................................................................................ 10
Process........................................................................................................................................ 10
Approvals.................................................................................................................................... 10
Programmer (infrared keypad) .............................................................................................. 11
Dimensions .............................................................................................................................................12
Installation ......................................................................................................................... 17
Pressure Equipment Directive, PED, 97/23/EC ...............................................................................17
Mounting location .................................................................................................................................18
Nozzle location .............................................................................................................................18
Aimer Adjustment .......................................................................................................................19
Air Purging System ...............................................................................................................................20
Purge Connection ........................................................................................................................21
Removable Display ...............................................................................................................................22
Wiring ..................................................................................................................................23
Power .......................................................................................................................................................23
Connecting SITRANS LR560 ...............................................................................................................23
Basic PLC configuration with PROFIBUS PA ........................................................................24
Wiring setups for hazardous area installations ..................................................................25
Instructions Specific to Hazardous Area Installations ...............................................................26
Local Operation .................................................................................................................28
Activating SITRANS LR560 .................................................................................................................28
The LCD Display ...................................................................................................29
Handheld Programmer ...............................................................................................................30
Programming SITRANS LR560 .................................................................................................31
Quick Start Wizard via the LDI push buttons .................................................................................34
Quick Start Wizard via the handheld programmer .......................................................................34
Requesting an Echo Profile ................................................................................................................37
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Table of Cotents
Device Address ......................................................................................................................................37
Level application example ...................................................................................................................38
Operating via SIMATIC PDM ..........................................................................................39
Functions in SIMATIC PDM ................................................................................................................39
SIMATIC PDM Version .........................................................................................................................39
Electronic Device Description (EDD) ......................................................................................39
Configuring a new device .........................................................................................................40
Set Address ...................................................................................................................................40
Quick Start Wizard via SIMATIC PDM .............................................................................................40
Quick Start .....................................................................................................................................41
Changing parameter settings using SIMATIC PDM .....................................................................44
Parameters accessed via pull-down menus ........................................................................44
Diagnostics ...................................................................................................................................56
Security ..........................................................................................................................................59
Operating via FDT (Field Device Tool) ...........................................................................61
Device Type Manager (DTM) .............................................................................................................61
SITRANS DTM .......................................................................................................................................61
The instrument EDD ..............................................................................................................................61
Configuring a new device via FDT ....................................................................................................61
Parameter Reference .......................................................................................................62
Quick Start .................................................................................................................................. 62
Quick Start Wizard.......................................................................................................... 62
AFES (Auto False Echo Suppression) Wizard .......................................................... 63
Copy Parameters to Display......................................................................................... 64
Copy Parameters from Display.................................................................................... 64
Copy Firmware to Display ............................................................................................. 64
Copy Firmware from Display ........................................................................................ 65
Setup ............................................................................................................................................ 65
Identification..................................................................................................................... 65
Device ................................................................................................................................ 65
Sensor................................................................................................................................ 66
Signal Processing............................................................................................................ 69
AIFB1.................................................................................................................................. 77
AIFB2.................................................................................................................................. 81
Measured Values............................................................................................................ 81
Filtering .............................................................................................................................. 81
Diagnostics................................................................................................................................. 82
Echo Profile....................................................................................................................... 82
Fault Reset ........................................................................................................................ 82
Trend .................................................................................................................................. 83
Electronics Temperature............................................................................................... 83
Condensed Status........................................................................................................... 83
Allocation .......................................................................................................................... 84
Peak Values...................................................................................................................... 86
Service ........................................................................................................................................ 86
Demo Mode...................................................................................................................... 86
Master Reset.................................................................................................................... 87
Powered Hours................................................................................................................ 87
Power-on Resets............................................................................................................. 88
LCD Backlight................................................................................................................... 88
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Table of Contents
LCD Contrast..................................................................................................................... 88
Remaining Device Lifetime ........................................................................................... 88
Remaining Sensor Lifetime........................................................................................... 91
Service Schedule ............................................................................................................ 94
Calibration Schedule ...................................................................................................... 97
Communication....................................................................................................................... 100
Device Address ............................................................................................................ 100
PROFIBUS Ident Number ........................................................................................... 101
Security..................................................................................................................................... 101
Remote Access............................................................................................................. 101
Local Access ................................................................................................................. 101
Language.................................................................................................................................. 101
Appendix A: Alphabetical Parameter List .................................................................. 103
Appendix B: Troubleshooting ....................................................................................... 106
Communication Troubleshooting ................................................................................................... 106
Device Status Icons ........................................................................................................................... 107
General Fault Codes .......................................................................................................................... 108
Operation Troubleshooting ...............................................................................................................112
Appendix C: Maintenance ............................................................................................ 114
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability ..................................................................................................114
Appendix D: Technical Reference ............................................................................... 115
Principles of Operation ......................................................................................................................115
Process Variables ......................................................................................................................115
Echo Processing ..................................................................................................................................115
Process Intelligence .................................................................................................................115
Echo Selection ...........................................................................................................................116
Measurement Range ................................................................................................................120
Measurement Response ...................................................................................................................120
Damping .................................................................................................................................................121
Loss of Echo (LOE) ...............................................................................................................................121
LOE Timer ....................................................................................................................................121
Fail-safe Behavior .....................................................................................................................122
Temperature derating curve ............................................................................................................123
Appendix E: PROFIBUS PA Profile Structure ............................................................. 124
PROFIBUS Level Device Design ......................................................................................................124
Block Model ..........................................................................................................................................124
Description of the blocks .........................................................................................................125
Appendix F: Communications via PROFIBUS PA ...................................................... 129
Device Configuration tool ..................................................................................................................129
SIMATIC PDM ............................................................................................................................129
Network Configuration ......................................................................................................................129
The GSD file ................................................................................................................................129
Bus Termination ...................................................................................................................................129
Power Demands ..................................................................................................................................129
PROFIBUS address .............................................................................................................................130
Operating as a Profile Device ...........................................................................................................130
Configuring a device .................................................................................................................131
Configuring PROFIBUS PA with an S7-300/ 400 PLC ........................................................131
Cyclic versus Acyclic Data ................................................................................................................131
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Table of Cotents
Cyclic Data ..................................................................................................................................131
Status Byte ...........................................................................................................................................132
Condensed Status .....................................................................................................................132
Status Byte .................................................................................................................................134
Diagnostics ...........................................................................................................................................135
Diagnosis reply (available cyclically) ....................................................................................135
Diagnosis Object (available cyclically or acyclically) .......................................................136
Acyclic Extended Diagnostics (General Fault Codes) ......................................................138
Acyclic Data ..........................................................................................................................................141
Appendix G: Firmware Revision History .................................................................... 142
Glossary ............................................................................................................................ 143
Index .................................................................................................................................. 147
LCD menu structure ....................................................................................................... 151
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 1
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SITRANS LR560
Safety Notes
Special attention must be paid to warnings and notes highlighted from the rest of the text
by grey boxes.
Safety marking symbols
FCC Conformity
US Installations only: Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules
WARNING symbol relates to a caution symbol on the product, and
means that failure to observe the necessary precautions can result
in death, serious injury, and/or considerable material damage.
WARNING symbol, used when there is no corresponding caution
symbol on the product, means that failure to observe the necessary
precautions can result in death, serious injury, and/or considerable
material damage.
Note: means important information about the product or that part of the operating
manual.
In manual On
product Description
Earth (ground) Terminal
Protective Conductor Terminal
(Label on product: yellow background.) WARNING: refer
to accompanying documents (manual) for details.
WARNING: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by
Siemens Milltronics could void the user’s authority to operate the
equipment.
Notes:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications.
Page 2 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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SITRANS LR560
CE Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Conformity
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the following EMC Standards:
Industry Canada
a) Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
b) This device shall be installed and operated in a completely enclosed container to
prevent RF emission which otherwise can interfere with aeronautical navigation.
Installation shall be done by trained installers, in strict compliance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
c) The use of this device is on a “no-interference, no-protection” basis. That is, the
user shall accept operations of high-powered radar in the same frequency band
which may interfere with or damage this device. On the other hand, level probing
devices found to interfere with primary licensing operations will be required to be
removed at the user’s expense.
EMC Standard Title
CISPR 11:2004/EN
55011:1998+A1:1999&A2:2002, CLASS B
Limits and methods of measurements of radio
disturbance characteristics of industrial, scientific,
and medical (ISM) radio-frequency equipment.
EN 61326:1997+A1:1998+A2:2001+A3:2003
(IEC 61326:2002)
Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and
Laboratory Use – Electromagnetic Compatibility.
EN61000-4-2:2001
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-2:Testing
and measurement techniques – Electrostatic
discharge immunity test.
EN61000-4-3:2002
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-3:
Testing and measurement techniques – Radiated,
radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test.
EN61000-4-4:2004
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-4:
Testing and measurement techniques – Electrical
fast transient/burst immunity test.
EN61000-4-5:2001
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-5:
Testing and measurement techniques – Surge
immunity test.
EN61000-4-6:2004
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-6:
Testing and measurement techniques – Immunity to
conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency
fields.
EN61000-4-8:2001
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Part 4-8:
Testing and measurement techniques – Power
frequency magnetic field immunity test.
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 3
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SITRANS LR560
d) This level probing device is only permitted for installation inside enclosed
containers. The installer/user of this device shall ensure that it is at least 10 km from
the Penticton radio astronomy station (British Columbia latitude: 49° 19' 12" N,
longitude: 119° 37'12" W). For devices not meeting this 10 km separation (e.g. the
Okanagan Valley, British Columbia) the installer/ user must coordinate with and
obtain the written concurrence of the Director of the Penticton radio astronomy
station before the equipment can be installed or operated. The Penticton contact is
Tel: 250-493-2277/ fax: 250-493-7767. (In case of difficulty, the Manager, Radio
Equipment Standards, Industry Canada, may also be contacted.)
The Manual
This manual will help you set up your SITRANS LR560 for optimum performance. We
always welcome suggestions and comments about manual content, design, and
accessibility. Please direct your comments to techpubs.smpi@siemens.com.
For other Siemens Milltronics level measurement manuals, go to:
www.siemens.com/level, and look under Level Measurement.
Application Example
The application example used in this manual illustrates a typical installation using
SITRANS LR560. (See
Level application example
on page 38.) Because there is often a
range of ways to approach an application, other configurations may also apply.
In all examples, substitute your own application details. If the example does not apply to
your application, check the applicable parameter reference for the available options.
Technical Support
Support is available 24 hours a day.
To find your local Siemens Automation Office address, phone number and fax number go
to: www.siemens.com/automation/partner
Click on the tab Contact, select Service, then click Service again to find your
product group (+Automation Technology > +Sensor Systems >+Process
Instrumentation > +Level Measurement > +Continous). Select Radar.
Select the country followed by the City/Region.
Select Technical Support under Service.
Notes:
This product is intended for use in industrial areas. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area may cause interference to several frequency based
communications.
Please follow the installation and operating procedures for a quick, trouble-free
installation and to ensure the maximum accuracy and reliability of your SITRANS LR560.
This manual applies to the SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) only.
Page 4 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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SITRANS LR560
For on-line technical support go to: www.siemens.com/automation/support-request
Enter the device name (SITRANS LR560) or order number, then click on Search,
and select the appropriate product type. Click on Next.
You will be prompted to enter a keyword describing your issue. Then either
browse the relevant documentation, or click on Next to email a detailed
description of your issue to Siemens Technical Support staff.
Siemens IA/DT Technical Support Center: phone +49 (0)911 895 7 222
Abbreviations and Identifications
Short
form Long Form Description Units
AIFB Analog Input Function Block
CE / FM
/ CSA
Conformité Européenne /
Factory Mutual / Canadian
Standards Association
safety approval
DCS Distributed Control System control room apparatus
dK dielectric constant
EDD Electronic Device Description
ESD Electrostatic Discharge
FMCW Frequency Modulated
Continuous Wave radar principle
IiInput current mA
IoOutput current mA
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LDI Local Display Interface removable display with push
buttons
LUI Local User Interface
view outputs via LCD display;
make modifications via push
buttons or handheld programmer
μs microsecond 10-6 Second
PA Process Automation
(PROFIBUS)
PED Pressure Equipment Directive safety approval
ppm parts per million
PV Primary Value measured value
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 5
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SITRANS LR560
SELV Safety extra low voltage
SV Secondary Value equivalent value
TB Transducer Block
TVT Time Varying Threshold sensitivity threshold
UiInput voltage V
UoOutput voltage V
Short
form Long Form Description Units
(cont’d
Page 6 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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SITRANS LR560
SITRANS LR560 Overview
SITRANS LR560 is a 2-wire, 78 GHz FMCW radar level transmitter for continuous
monitoring of solids in vessels to a range of 100 m (329 ft). The plug and play performance
is ideal for all solids applications, including those with extreme dust and high
temperatures to +200 °C (+392 °F). The device consists of an electronic circuit coupled to
a lens antenna and flange for quick and easy positioning.
The main benefits of using 78 GHz over devices using lower frequency are:
very narrow beam, so device is insensitive to mounting nozzle interference and
vessel obstructions.
short wavelength yields very good reflection properties on sloped solids, so aiming
towards material angle of repose is usually not necessary.
The technology is very tolerant of buildup on the lens antenna, however an air purge inlet
is provided for periodic cleaning if required.
SITRANS LR560 supports PROFIBUS PA communication protocol, and SIMATIC PDM
software. Signals are processed using Process Intelligence which has been field-proven
in over 1,000,000 applications worldwide (ultrasonic and radar). This device supports
acyclic communications from both a PROFIBUS Class I and Class II master.
Programming
SITRANS LR560 is very easy to install and configure via an optional graphical local
display interface. You can modify the built-in parameters either locally via the push
buttons or using the infrared handheld programmer, or from a remote location using one
of the following options:
PROFIBUS PA (using SIMATIC PDM, FDT [such as PACTware or Fieldcare])
HART (using 375 handheld Field Communicator, SIMATIC PDM, AMS, FDT [such as
PACTware or Fieldcare]). See SITRANS LR560 (mA/HART) Instruction Manual for
more information.
Foundation Fieldbus FF (using 375 handheld Field Communicator or AMS). See
SITRANS LR560 (Foundation Fieldbus) Instruction Manual for more information.
Once programmed, the graphic Local Display Interface (LDI) can be removed and used to
transfer parameters to multiple SITRANS LR560s.
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 7
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SITRANS LR560
Local Display Interface (LDI)
LDI may be ordered installed or added later as an
option
can be mounted in 1 of 4 positions at 90 degree
intervals, for easy viewing after installation
displays level and diagnostic information
including echo profile and trend over time
backlit for easy viewing in dimly lit areas
allows you to copy parameters from one device to
another
provides high speed firmware transfer capabilities for future upgrades
Versions
Two different versions of the LR560 are available:
40 m range, 100 °C maximum process temperature
100 m range, 200 °C maximum process temperature
Applications
solids bulk storage vessels
cement powder, plastic powder/pellets, grain, flour, coal, and other applications
Approvals and Certificates
SITRANS LR560 is available with General Purpose or Hazardous approvals.
.
Application
Type Approval Rating Valid for: Wiring
Non-
hazardous
General
Purpose CSAUS/C, FM, CE, C-TICK N. America,
Europe
See
page 23
Hazardous
Non-Sparking/
Energy Limited ATEX II 3G Ex nA/nL IIC T4 Gc Europe See
page 25
Dust Ignition
Proof
ATEX II 1D, 1/2D, 2D
IECEx SIR 09.0149X
Ex ta IIIC T139 oC
Europe and
International
See
page 25
FM/CSA:
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E, F, G
Class III T4
US/Canada See
page 26
Non-incendive FM/CSA:
Class I, Div. 2, Groups A, B, C, D T4 US/Canada See
page 26
Page 8 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Specifications
Specifications
Power
Bus powered 9 to 32 V DC, per IEC 61158-2 (PROFIBUS PA)
Current consumed 13.5 mA
Performance
Reference operating conditions according to IEC 60770-1
ambient temperature +15 to +25 °C (+59 to +77 °F)
humidity 45% to 75% relative humidity
ambient pressure 860 to 1060 mbar g (86,000 to 106,000 N/m2 g)
Measurement Accuracy1) (measured in accordance with IEC 60770-1)
Maximum measured error - Greater of 25 mm (1") or 0.25 % of range from
minimum detectable distance to full range
Frequency 78 to 79 GHz FMCW
Max. measurement range2)
40 m version 40 m (1.31 ft)
100 m version 100 m (328 ft)
Min. detectable distance 300 mm (11.8") from sensor reference point
Update time3) maximum 10 seconds, depending on setting for
Response Rate (2.3.6.1.)
Influence of ambient temperature <0.003%/K (average over full temperature range,
referenced to maximum range)
Dielectric constant of material measured
for ranges up to 20 m (65.6 ft) minimum dK = 1.6
for ranges up to 100 m (328 ft) minimum dK = 2.5
Memory
non-volatile EEPROM
no battery required.
Note: Siemens Milltronics makes every attempt to ensure the accuracy of these
specifications but reserves the right to change them at any time.
1) Reference conditions: Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) set to Center and Algorithm (2.4.5.1.)
set to True First Echo.
2) From sensor reference point, see
Dimensions
on page 12.
3) Reference conditions: Response Rate (2.3.6.1.) set to FAST.
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 9
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Specifications
Interface
Communication
PROFIBUS PA 3.01
Configuration
remote Siemens SIMATIC PDM or FDT such as PACTWARE
local Siemens infrared handheld programmer or local
control buttons
Optional removable graphic LCD, with bar graph representing level
local display interface (LDI)1)
Mechanical
Process Connections:
universal flat-faced flanges2)
3"/80 mm, 4"/100 mm, 6"/150 mm
- materials stainless steel 316L (1.4404 or 1.4435), or 304
Aimer flanges2)
3"/80 mm, 4"/100 mm, 6"/150 mm
- material polyurethane powder-coated cast aluminum
Enclosure
construction 316L/1.4404 stainless steel
conduit entry M20x1.5, or ½" NPT
conduit entry connector M12 connector (shipped with M20 to M12 adaptor)
(optional) or 7/8" connector (shipped with 1/2" NPT to 7/8"
adaptor)
ingress protection Type 4X/NEMA 4X, Type 6/NEMA 6, IP68
lid with window polycarbonate (window material)
Lens antenna material
•construction
- 40 m version PEI
- 100 m version PEEK
Air Purge Connection
equipped with female 1/8" NPT fitting
Weight
3" stainless steel flange model 3.15 kg (6.94 lb)
1) Display quality will be degraded in temperatures below –20 °C (–4 °F) and above +65
°C (+149 °F).
2) Universal flange mates with EN 1092-1 (PN16)/ASME B16.5 (150 lb)/JIS 2220 (10K) bolt
hole pattern.
Page 10 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Specifications
Environmental
location indoor/ outdoor
altitude 5000 m (16,404 ft) max.
ambient temperature 40 to +80 °C (40 to +176 °F)
relative humidity suitable for outdoor
Type 4, 4X/NEMA 4, 4X, Type 6/NEMA 6, IP68
enclosure (see note above)
installation category I
pollution degree 4
Process
temperature and pressure1)
Approvals
•General CSA
US/C, FM, CE, C-TICK
Radio R&TTE (Europe), FCC, Industry Canada,
• Hazardous
Non-sparking/
Energy Limited2) (Europe) ATEX II 3G Ex nA/nL IIC T4 Gc
Dust Ignition Proof 2)(Europe/International) ATEX II 1D, 1/2D, 2D
IECEx SIR 09.0149X
Ex ta IIIC T139 oC
Note: Use appropriate conduit seals to maintain IP or NEMA rating.
Versions Stainless
steel flange
Aimer flange
0.5 bar max.
Aimer flange
3.0 bar max
40 m –40 to +100 °C
(–40 to +212 °F)
–40 to +100 °C
(–40 to +212 °F)
–40 to +100 °C
(–40 to +212 °F)
100 m –40 to +200 °C
(–40 to +392 °F)
–40 to +200 °C
(–40 to +392 °F)
–40 to +120 °C
(–40 to +248 °F)
1) Maximum and minimum temperatures are dependent on the process connection,
antenna and O-ring materials. Use of the Easy Aimer limits maximum temperature.
Note: The device label lists the approvals that apply to your device.
2) See
Non-Sparking/Energy Limited wiring (Europe) and Dust Ignition Proof wiring
(Europe/International)
on page 25 for more details.
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 11
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Specifications
Dust Ignition Proof 1) (US/Canada) FM/CSA:
Class II, Div. 1, Groups E, F, G
Class III T4
Non-incendive1) (US/Canada) FM/CSA Class I, Div. 2,
Groups A, B, C, D, T4
Programmer (infrared keypad)
Siemens Milltronics Infrared IS (Intrinsically Safe) Hand Programmer for hazardous and
all other locations (battery is non-replaceable)
approval FM/CSA Class I, II, III, Div. 1, Gr. A to G T6
CE
ATEX II 1GD Ex ia IIC T4 Ga
Ex iaD 20 T135 °C
IECEx SIR 09.0073 Ex ia IIC T4 Ga
Ex iaD 20 T135 °C
INMETRO Br-Ex ia IIC T4
ambient temperature 20 to +50 °C (5 to +122 °F)
interface proprietary infrared pulse signal
power 3 V lithium battery
weight 150 g (0.3 lb)
• color black
Part Number 7ML1930-1BK
1) See
Non-incendive and Dust Ignition Proof wiring (US/Canada)
on page 26.
Notes:
Battery is non-replaceable with a lifetime expectancy of 10 years in normal use.
To estimate the lifetime expectancy, check the nameplate on the back for the serial
number. The first six numbers show the production date (mmddyy), for example,
serial number 032608101V.
Page 12 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Specifications
Dimensions
SITRANS LR560 with stainless steel Universal Flat-faced Flange
1)
Note: Refer to
Universal Slotted Flange
on page 16 for bolt hole patterns and
dimensions.
1) Shipped with product, packed in a separate bag.
grounding
lug
purge
inlet
process connection:
flange
cable gland1)
110 mm
(4.33")
176 mm
(6.93")
9.6 mm
(0.38")
3": 200 mm (7.87")
4": 229 mm (9.02")
6": 285 mm (11.22")
sensor
ref.
point
lid lock
pressure/
temperature
related
information
device
label
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 13
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Specifications
SITRANS LR560 with 3" Aimer Flange
1)
Note: Refer to
Universal Slotted Flange
on page 16 for bolt hole patterns and
dimensions.
1) Shipped with product, packed in a separate bag.
grounding
lug
purge
inlet
process
connection:
aimer flange
cable
gland1)
110 mm
(4.33")
166.1 mm
(6.54")
200 mm
(7.87")
23.3 mm
(0.92"
sensor
reference
point
lid lock
pressure/
temperature
related
information
device
label
Page 14 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Specifications
SITRANS LR560 with 4" and 6" Aimer Flange
1)
C Spanner
Note: Refer to
Universal Slotted Flange
on page 16 for bolt hole patterns and
dimensions.
1) Shipped with product, packed in a separate bag.
grounding
lug
purge
inlet
process
connection:
aimer flange
cable
gland1)
110 mm
(4.33")
166.1 mm
(6.54")
4": 229 mm (9.02")
6": 285 mm (11.22")
9.6 mm
(0.38")
sensor
reference
point
4": 53.2 mm (2.09")
6": 60.0 mm (2.36")
lid lock
pressure/
temperature
related
information
device
label
A C spanner, used to loosen the aimer
locking ring, is shipped with the device.
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 15
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Specifications
Process Connection Label (Pressure Rated Versions)
For pressure-rated versions only, the process connection label lists the following
information:
Item Sample Text Comments/Explanation
CONNECTION SERIES ASME B16.5 / EN 1092-1
/ JIS B 2220
Flange Series: dimensional pattern based on
ASME B16.5/EN 1092-1/JIS B 2220 flange
standards
NOM. PIPE SIZE (DN) 4 INCH / 100mm Nominal Pipe Size: based on 150#/PN16/10K
flange pressure classes
MAWP (PS) 3BAR Maximum Allowable Working Pressure at
Design Temperature
DESIGN TEMP. (TS) 100 ºC Maximum Allowable Working Temperature
MIN. PROCESS 3BAR AT -40 ºC Minimum Wetted Process Conditions
0F13589.5 Canadian Registration Number (CRN)
TEST PRESSURE (PT) 5.2 BAR Production Test Pressure
TEST DATE 10/01/04 Date of Pressure Test (Year/Month/Day)
PROCESS SERIES 25785 Pressure Tag Family Series
WETTED NON-METALLIC PEI Sensor Lens Material
WETTED METALLICS 304L Process Connection Material(s)
WETTED SEALS FKM / VQM Seal Material(s)
Page 16 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Specifications
Universal Slotted Flange
Slotted Flange Dimensions and Aimer1)
WARNING: The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and
gasket materials which will fall within the limits of the flange and its
intended use and which are suitable for the service conditions.
Pipe
Size
Flange
O.D.
Thick-
ness (s)
Bolt Hole
Circle Max Ø
Bolt Hole
Circle Min Ø
Bolt Hole
radius
No. of
Slotted
Holes
3" or
80 mm
7.87"
(200 mm)
0.38"
(9.65 mm)
6.30"
(160 mm)
5.91"
(150 mm)
0.38"
(9.65 mm)
8
4" or
100 mm
9.00"
(229 mm)
0.38"
(9.65 mm)
7.52"
(191 mm)
6.89"
(175 mm)
0.38"
(9.65 mm)
8
6" or
150 mm
11.22"
(285 mm)
0.38"
(9.65 mm)
9.53"
(242 mm)
9.45"
(240 mm)
0.45"
(11.5 mm)
8
1) Universal flange mates with EN 1092-1 (PN16)/ASME B16.5 (150 lb)/JIS 2220 (10K) bolt
hole pattern.
flange
O.D.
bolt hole circle
max. diameter
slotted bolt hole
section A-A
thickness
bolt hole
radius
bolt hole circle
min. diameter
45 °
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 17
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Installation
Installation
Pressure Equipment Directive, PED, 97/23/EC
SITRANS LR560 Radar Level Measurement instrument falls below the limits of Article 3,
sections 1 & 2 of the Pressure Equipment Directive (PED, 97/23/EC) as a category I
pressure accessory. However, in accordance with PED, 97/23/EC, Article 3, section 3, this
equipment has been designed and manufactured in accordance with Sound Engineering
Practice (SEP) (see EU Commission Guideline 1/5).
WARNINGS:
Installation shall be performed only by qualified personnel and in
accordance with local governing regulations.
SITRANS LR560 is to be used only in the manner outlined in this manual,
otherwise protection provided by the device may be impaired.
Never attempt to loosen, remove, or disassemble process connection
or instrument housing while vessel contents are under pressure.
The user is responsible for the selection of bolting and gasket materials
which will fall within the limits of the flange and its intended use and
which are suitable for the service conditions.
Improper installation may result in loss of process pressure.
Notes:
For European Union and member countries, installation must be according to ETSI
EN 302372.
Refer to the device label for approval information.
SITRANS LR560 units are pressure tested, meeting or exceeding the requirements of
the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and the European Pressure Equipment
Directive.
The serial numbers stamped in each process connection body provide a unique
identification number indicating date of manufacture.
Example: MMDDYY – XXX (where MM = month, DD = day, YY = year, and
XXX= sequential unit produced)
Further markings (space permitting) indicate flange configuration, size, pressure
class, material, and material heat code.
Note: Pertains to pressure-rated version only.
Page 18 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Installation
Mounting location
Nozzle location
Beam angle
Beam angle is the width of the cone
where the energy density is half of
the peak energy density.
The peak energy density is directly
in front of and in line with the
antenna.
There is a signal transmitted out-
side the beam angle, therefore false
targets may be detected.
Emission cone
Keep emission cone free of
interference from ladders, pipes, I-
beams or filling streams.
Avoid central locations on tall,
narrow vessels.
LR560 uses circular polarization.
Rotation of device is not required to
optimize signal.
Environment
Provide easy access for
viewing the display and
programming via the
handheld programmer.
Provide an environment
suitable for the ambient
temperature rating.
Notes:
Correct location is key to a successful application.
Avoid reflective interference from vessel walls and obstructions by following the
guidelines below.
Notes:
For details on avoiding false echoes, see
Auto False Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.)
on
page 118.
emission
cone
min. 1 m (39")
ambient temperature
–40 °C to 80 °C
(–40 °F to 176 °F)
process temperature:
–40 to +100 °C (–40 to +212 °F) or
–40 to +200 °C (–40 to +392 °F) depending on the version
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 19
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Installation
Sunshield
The LR560 display can be protected by an optional sunshield if the instrument will be
mounted in direct sunlight.
Aimer Adjustment
3" flange 4 and 6" flange
Note: Aiming will assist in measuring material in the cone.
Page 20 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Installation
1) For 4" and 6" Aimer: Loosen the set screws in the locking ring.
Holding the electronics enclosure firmly, loosen the Aimer locking ring using the C
spanner supplied, until the LR560 drops down slightly. The enclosure can then be
turned freely.
Markings on the flange indicate minimum and maximum rotation (see
Removable
Display
on page 22).
2) Direct SITRANS LR560 so the antenna is pointed at an angle perpendicular to the
material surface, if possible.
3) When the desired position is reached, re-tighten the locking ring using the C
spanner, and tighten set screws.
4) For the 3" Aimer flange, tapered split washers with pressure rated versions are
provided to keep nuts and bolts perpendicular to the flange surface.
Air Purging System
For convenient cleaning, a purging inlet is provided above the antenna. The system pro-
vides an 1/8" inlet (female thread) above the antenna where clean, dry air passes to the
face of the antenna lens to clean it. The customer will supply the purging air by a manual
or automatic valve system.
NOTE: Table continues on next page.
Notes:
Purge duration, pressure, and interval, will vary with each application. It is the user’s
responsibility to determine the requirements depending on the application and
cleaning required.
Short duration bursts of high pressure provide more effective cleaning than continu-
ous low pressure air.
It is the customer’s responsibility to ensure that any vacuum or pressure in the mea-
sured vessel is maintained, considering the hole that passes through the process
connection and SITRANS LR560 antenna system.
Air Consumption (Flow rate versus applied pressure)
Air Pressure (psi) Approx. inlet volume flow rate SCFMa)
20 5
40 10
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 21
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Installation
Purge Connection
The purge connection is closed by
the manufacturer, using a 1/8" plug.
When the plug is removed to
connect a purging system, the
operator is responsible for ensuring
that the purging circuit conforms to
"Ex" requirements: for example, by
fitting an NRV valve1).
Purge airflow
The purge airflow is designed to create a strong vortex of air that rapidly cleans the
face of the lens.
The air purge system can clean both dust and moisture off the lens.
It can be used for periodic cleaning.
50 15
80 20
100 25
110 30
Recommended 90 to 110 psi for effective cleaning.
a) SCFM (standard cubic feet/minute) referenced to 14.7 psia, +68 °F and 36% relative
humidity (RH)
1) Air pressure in vessel can affect purge operation.
Air Consumption (Flow rate versus applied pressure) (cont’d)
purge process
connection with
factory-installed
1/8" NPT plug
angled holes
direct air flow
Page 22 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Installation
Removable Display
The optional display can be rotated as required, to one of 4 positions, 90 degrees
apart (see
Connecting SITRANS LR560
on page 23 for instructions).
It can also be used to transfer parameters from one device to another. (See
Copy
Parameters to Display
on page 64.)
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 23
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Wiring
Wiring
Power
Connecting SITRANS LR560
1) Loosen locking screw.
2) Remove LR560 lid.
3) Remove optional display by gently turning
the display a quarter turn counter-
clockwise until it is free.
4) Strip the cable jacket for approximately
70 mm (2.75") from the end of the
PROFIBUS PA cable, and thread the
wires through the gland1).
WARNINGS:
The DC input terminals shall be supplied from a source providing
electrical isolation between the input and output, in order to
meet the applicable safety requirements of IEC 61010-1.
All field wiring must have insulation suitable for rated voltages.
WARNINGS:
Check the device label on your instrument, to verify the approval
rating.
Use appropriate conduit seals to maintain IP or NEMA rating.
See
Wiring setups for hazardous area installations
on page 25.
1) If cable is routed through conduit, use only approved suitable-size hubs for
waterproof applications.
1)
2)
3) ¼ turn
Page 24 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Wirng
5) Connect the wires to the terminals as shown (SITRANS LR560 PA is not polarity-
sensitive.)1) 2)
6) Ground the instrument according to local regulations.
7) Tighten the gland to form a good seal.
8) Replace optional display and device lid.
9) Secure the locking screw before programming and device configuration.
Basic PLC configuration with PROFIBUS PA
1) May be shipped with the device.
2) The instrument shield connection is internally connected to the external ground lug.
Notes:
PROFIBUS PA must be terminated at both extreme ends of the cable for it to work
properly.
Please refer to the
PROFIBUS PA User and Installation Guidelines
(order number
2.092), available from www.profibus.com, for information on installing PROFIBUS
devices.
If a Weidmüller or other current limiting junction box is connected to this device,
please ensure that the current limit is set to 40 mA or higher.
cable gland 1)
(or NPT cable
entry)
cable
shield
instrument
shield
connection2)
PROFIBUS PA
PROFIBUS DP
DP/PA
coupler
active PLC
PC/laptop
PDM
SITRANS
LR560 PA
SITRANS
LR560 PA
SITRANS
LR560 PA
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 25
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Wiring
Wiring setups for hazardous area installations
The following wiring options are available for hazardous area installations:
Non-Sparking/Energy Limited wiring (Europe) and Dust Ignition Proof wiring
(Europe/International)
on page 25
Non-incendive and Dust Ignition Proof wiring (US/Canada)
on page 26
In all cases, check the device label on your instrument, and confirm the approval rating.
PLC configuration with PROFIBUS PA for hazardous areas
1. Non-Sparking/Energy Limited wiring (Europe) and Dust Ignition
Proof wiring (Europe/International)
For power demands see
Temperature De-Rating
on page 123.
For wiring requirements follow local regulations.
•See also
Instructions Specific to Hazardous Area Installations
on page 26 and the
ATEX certificate listed above.
Hazardous Area
Non-hazardous Area
PLC
(active)
DP/PA coupler
PDM
SITRANS
LR560 PA SITRANS
LR560 PA SITRANS
LR560 PA
The ATEX certificate listed on the nameplate can be downloaded from the product page of
our website at: www.siemens.com/LR560. Go to Support > Approvals/Certificates.
The IECEx certificate listed on the nameplate can be viewed on the IECEx website. Go to:
http://iecex.iec.ch and click on Ex Equipment Certificates of Conformity then enter the
certificate number IECEx SIR 09.0149X.
Device label (ATEX/IECEx/C-TICK)
Page 26 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Wirng
2. Non-incendive and Dust Ignition Proof wiring (US/Canada)
For power demands see
Temperature De-Rating
on page 123.
Instructions Specific to Hazardous Area
Installations
(Reference European ATEX Directive 94/9/EC,
Annex II, 1.0.6)
The following instructions apply to equipment covered by certificate numbers Sira
09ATEX9356X and Sira 09ATEX4357X:
1) For use and assembly and details of marking/coding, refer to the main instructions.
2) The equipment is certified for use as Category 1D, 1/2D and 2D equipment per
certificate Sira 09ATEX9356X and may be used in hazardous zones 20, 21 and 22. The
equipment is also certified for use as Category 3G equipment per certificate Sira
09ATEX4357X and may be used in hazardous zone 2.
3) This equipment has a maximum surface temperature of 139 °C (in an 80 °C ambient).
Refer to the applicable code of practice for selection of this equipment with respect
to specific dust ignition temperatures.
4) The equipment is certified for use in an ambient temperature range of –40 °C to
80 °C.
5) The equipment has not been assessed as a safety related device (as referred to by
Directive 94/9/EC Annex II, clause 1.5).
6) Installation and inspection of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained
and authorized personnel in accordance with the applicable code of practice.
FM/CSA Class 1, Div 2 connection drawing number A5E02795836 can be downloaded from
the product page of our website at: www.siemens.com/LR560 under Support.
Device label (FM/CSA)
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 27
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Wiring
7) The equipment shall be installed such that the supply cable is protected from
mechanical damage. The cable shall not be subjected to tension or torque. The
equipment manufacturer is not responsible for providing the supply cable.
8) Repair of this equipment shall be carried out by suitably trained and authorized
personnel in accordance with the applicable code of practice.
Special Conditions for Safe Use
The ‘X’ suffix to the certificate number relates to the following special condition(s) for
safe use:
Parts of the enclosure may be non-conducting and may generate an ignition-
capable level of electrostatic charge under certain extreme conditions. The user
should ensure that the equipment is not installed in a location where it may be
subjected to external conditions (such as high-pressure steam), which might cause
a build-up of electrostatic charge on non-conducting surfaces.
The end user must ensure that an ingress protection of at least IP65 is maintained
at each entry to the enclosure by use of a blanking element or cable entry device
that meets the requirements of the protection concepts type ‘n’ or increased safety
e’ or flameproof ‘d’.
The supply to the equipment shall be rated for a prospective short-circuit current of
not more than 10 kA and shall protected by a suitably-rated fuse.
Page 28 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Quick Start: local
Local Operation
SITRANS LR560 carries out its level measurement tasks according to settings made via
parameters. The settings can be modified locally via the Local Display Interface (LDI)
which consists of an LCD display with push buttons. You can use either the push buttons
or an infrared handheld programmer to make changes.
A Quick Start Wizard provides an easy step-by-step procedure to help you configure your
device for a simple application. There are two ways to access the wizard:
locally (see
Quick Start Wizard via the LDI push buttons
on page 34 or
Quick
Start Wizard via the handheld programmer
on page 34)
from a remote location (see
Quick Start Wizard via SIMATIC PDM
on page 40,
or
Configuring a new device via FDT
on page 61)
See
Level application example
on page 38 for an illustration, and for the complete range
of parameters, see
Parameter Reference
on page 62.
Activating SITRANS LR560
Power up the device. SITRANS LR560 automatically starts up in Measurement mode. A
transition screen showing first the Siemens logo and then the current firmware revision
is displayed while the first measurement is being processed. The first time the device is
configured, you will be prompted to select a language (English, German, French, Spanish
or Chinese). To change the language again, see Language (7.) on page 101.
Notes:
To enter Program mode using the push buttons, press . Press to return to
Measurement mode.
To toggle between Measurement and Program Mode using the handheld
programmer, press Mode .
push buttons
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 29
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Quick Start: local
The LCD Display1)2)
Measurement mode
Normal operation
Fault present
PROGRAM mode display
Navigation view
A visible menu bar indicates the
menu list is too long to display all
items.
The depth of the item band on the
menu bar indicates the length of the
menu list: a deeper band indicates
fewer items.
The position of the item band indicates the approximate position of the current item in the
list. A band halfway down the menu bar indicates the current item is halfway down the
list.
1) Press UP or DOWN arrow to switch.
2) In response to a key press request. For details, see
Key functions in Measurement
mode
on page 30.
1 – toggle indicator1) for AIFB 1 or AIFB 2
2 – identifies which AIFB is source of displayed value
3 – measured value (level, space, or distance)
4 – units
5 – bar graph indicates level
6 – secondary region indicates on request2) electronics
temperature, echo confidence, or distance
7 – text area displays status messages
8 – device status indicator
678
1342
5
S: 0 LOE
7 – text area displays a fault code and an error message
8 – service required icon appears
current
item
number
current
item
current
menu
item
band
menu
bar
parameter
value/
selection
parameter
number
parameter
name
Edit viewParameter view
Page 30 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Quick Start: local
Handheld Programmer
(Part No. 7ML1930-1BK)
The programmer is ordered separately.1)
Key functions in Measurement mode
1) See Confidence (2.4.7.1.) on page 74.
Key Function Result
Displays internal enclosure
temperature reading. New value is displayed in LCD secondary region.
Displays echo confidence
value1).
Displays distance measure-
ment. New value is displayed in LCD secondary region
Mode opens PROGRAM
mode.
Opens the menu level last displayed in this power
cycle, unless power has been cycled since exiting
PROGRAM mode or more than 10 minutes have
elapsed since PROGRAM mode was used.
Then top level menu will be displayed.
RIGHT arrow
opens PROGRAM mode. Opens the top level menu.
UP or DOWN arrow
toggles between AIFB 1 and
AIFB 2.
Identifies which AIFB is the source of the displayed
value.
C
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 31
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Quick Start: local
Programming SITRANS LR560
Change parameter settings and set operating conditions to suit your specific application.
(For remote operation see
Operating via SIMATIC PDM
on page 39 or
Operating via FDT
(Field Device Tool)
on page 61.)
Parameter menus
Parameters are identified by name and organized into function groups, then arranged in a
5-level menu structure (see
LCD menu structure
on page 151).
1. Enter PROGRAM mode
Point the programmer at the display from a
maximum distance of 300 mm (1 ft).
RIGHT arrow activates PROGRAM mode
and opens menu level 1.
Mode opens the menu level last displayed
in PROGRAM mode within the last 10 minutes, or
menu level 1 if power has been cycled since then.
Notes:
While the device is in PROGRAM mode the output remains active and continues to
respond to changes in the device.
SITRANS LR560 automatically returns to Measurement mode after a period of
inactivity in PROGRAM mode (between 15 seconds and 10 minutes, depending on
the menu level).
Note: For the complete list of parameters with instructions, see
Parameter Reference
on page 62
1. QUICK START
2. SETUP
2.1. IDENTIFICATION
......................
2.3. SENSOR
2.3.1. UNIT
......................
2.3.6. RATE
2.3.6.1.RESPONSE RATE
display
handheld
programmer
max. 300 mm
(1 ft)
Page 32 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Quick Start: local
2. Navigating: key functions in Navigation mode
3. Editing in PROGRAM mode
Selecting a listed option
a) Navigate to the desired parameter.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to open parameter
view.
c) Press RIGHT arrow again to open Edit
mode. The current selection is highlighted.
Scroll to a new selection.
d) Press RIGHT arrow to accept it
The LCD returns to parameter view and displays
the new selection.
Notes:
In Navigation mode ARROW keys move to the next menu item in the direction of the
arrow.
For Quick Access to parameters via the handheld programmer, press Home ,
then enter the menu number, for example: 3.1. Echo Profile
Key Name Menu level Function
UP or DOWN
arrow
menu or
parameter Scroll to previous or next menu or parameter.
RIGHT
arrow
menu Go to first parameter in the selected menu, or
open next menu.
parameter Open Edit mode.
LEFT
arrow menu or
parameter Open parent menu.
Mode menu or
parameter Change to MEASUREMENT mode.
Home menu or
parameter Open top level menu: menu 1.
parameter name parameter
number
current
selection
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 33
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Quick Start: local
Changing a numeric value
a) Navigate to the desired parameter.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to open parameter
view. The current value is displayed.
c) Press RIGHT arrow again to open Edit
mode. The current value is highlighted.
d) Key in a new value.
e) Press RIGHT arrow to accept it. The LCD
returns to parameter view and displays the new
selection.
Key functions in Edit mode
Key Name Function
UP or
DOWN
arrow
Selecting
options Scrolls to item.
Alpha-
Numeric
editing
- Increments or decrements digits
- Toggles plus and minus sign
RIGHT
arrow
Selecting
options
- Accepts the data (writes the parameter)
- Changes from Edit to Navigation mode
Numeric
editing
- Moves cursor one space to the right
- or with cursor on Enter sign, accepts the data and
changes from Edit to Navigation mode
LEFT
arrow
Selecting
options Cancels Edit mode without changing the parameter
Numeric
editing
- Moves cursor to plus/minus sign if this is the first key
pressed
- or moves cursor one space to the left.
- or with cursor on Enter sign, cancels the entry
Clear Numeric
editing Erases the display.
Decimal
point
Numeric
editing Enters a decimal point.
Plus or
minus sign
Numeric
editing Changes the sign of the entered value.
to
Numeral Numeric
editing Enters the corresponding character.
current
value
parameter
number
parameter name
Page 34 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Quick Start: local
Quick Start Wizard via the LDI push buttons
1) Press to enter Program mode.
2) Choose Quick Start (1.), and then Quick Start Wizard (1.1.).
3) Follow the steps then choose Finish to save Quick Start parameter changes and
return to Program menu, or press to return to Measurement mode.
To add or delete digits using the push buttons:
1) Navigate to the parameter you wish to modify and press
to edit it. The value will be highlighted.
2) Press or to delete the highlighted value, or to
modify the value from the left-most digit, starting with the
plus/minus sign.
3) With the plus or minus sign highlighted, press or to
change it. Press to highlight the next digit to the right.
4) Use or to modify the highlighted digit. Scroll past 9 to reach the decimal point.
5) When the value is complete, press until the Enter icon is highlighted , then
press to accept the value.
To modify a text string:
1) Navigate to the parameter you wish to modify and press to edit it. The string will
be highlighted.
2) Follow the same steps as above, to add, delete, or modify characters.
Quick Start Wizard via the handheld programmer
Note: When the Enter icon is highlighted, press to insert a digit on the right,
to delete the right-most digit, to accept the value, or to cancel.
Notes:
The Quick Start wizard settings are inter-related and changes apply only after you
choose Finish in the Wizard Complete step.
Do not use the Quick Start wizard to modify individual parameters: see instead
Parameter Reference
on page 62. (Perform customization only after the Quick Start
has been completed.)
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*).
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Quick Start: local
1. Quick Start
1.1. Quick Start Wizard
a) Point the programmer at the display from a maximum distance of 300 mm (1 ft) and
press RIGHT arrow to activate PROGRAM mode and open menu level 1.
b) Press RIGHT arrow twice, to navigate to menu item 1.1
and open the Quick Start Wizard.
c) At each step, press DOWN arrow to accept default
values and move directly to the next item,
or RIGHT arrow to open Edit mode: the current selection is highlighted.
d) Scroll to desired item and press RIGHT arrow to store the change, then press
DOWN arrow to continue.
e) At any time you can press UP arrow to go back, or LEFT arrow to cancel
and return to Measurement mode.
Vessel
Select vessel construction material
.
Selecting either STEEL or CONCRETE
does a functional reset (see Master
Reset (4.2.) on page 87).
Selecting STEEL changes the setting
for Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising
Edge and for Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) to F.
Selecting CONCRETE changes the setting for Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising Edge
and for Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) to ALF.
Response Rate
Use a setting just faster than the maximum vessel filling or vessel emptying rate (whichever
is greater).
Options * STEEL
CONCRETE
Response Rate Vessel Fill/Empty rate/min Filter Time Constant (2.5.8.1.)
SLOW 0.1 m/min (0.32 ft/min) 10 s
MED * 1.0 m/min (3.28 ft/min) 10 s
FAST 10.0 m/min (32.8 ft/min) 0 s
Parameter View Edit mode
Sets the reaction speed of the device to
measurement changes in the target range.
Selecting SLOW changes setting for
Average amount (2.8.3.) to 0.9.
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Quick Start: local
Units
Low Calibration Point
High Calibration Point
Wizard Complete
To transfer Quick Start values to the device and return to Program menu, press
DOWN arrow (Finish). Then press LEFT arrow to return to Measurement mode.
Operation Description
LEVEL (1) * Distance from Low Calibration Point to material surface.
SPACE (2) Distance from High Calibration Point to material surface.
DISTANCE (3) Distance from Sensor Reference Point to material surface.
Options BACK, CANCEL, FINISH (Display returns to 1.1 Quick Start Wizard menu when
Quick Start is successfully completed.)
Sensor measurement units.
Options M, CM, MM, FT, IN
Default: M
Operation
High Calibration
Point
Low Calibration Point
Level
Space
Distance
sensor reference point
(flange face: see
Dimensions
on page 12)
Distance from Sensor Reference Point to
Low Calibration Point: usually process
empty level.
Values Range: 0.0000 to 100.000 m
Distance from Sensor Reference Point to
High Calibration Point: usually process full
level.
Values Range: 0.0000 to 100.000 m
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Quick Start: local
Requesting an Echo Profile
In PROGRAM mode, navigate to: Level Meter >
Diagnostics (3.) > Echo Profile (3.1.).
Press RIGHT arrow to request a profile.
•Use UP or DOWN arrow to scroll to an icon. When an icon is highlighted
that feature becomes active.
To move a cross-hair, press RIGHT arrow to increase the value, LEFT arrow
to decrease.
To Zoom into an area, position the intersection of the cross-hairs at the center of
that area, select Zoom, and press RIGHT arrow . Press LEFT arrow to Zoom
out.
To update the profile, select Measure and press RIGHT arrow .
To return to the previous menu, select Exit then press RIGHT arrow .
Device Address
The unique address of the device on the network (also called PROFIBUS address).
a) In PROGRAM mode, navigate to: Level Meter > Communication (5.) > Device
Address (5.1.).
b) Press RIGHT arrow twice to open parameter view and enable Edit mode.
c) If required, key in a new value and press RIGHT arrow to accept it. The LCD
displays the new value.
d) Press Mode to return to Measurement mode.
Note: See
Master Reset
on page 55 to reset Device Address to 126.
Values 0 - 126. Default: 126
algorithm: tF (trueFirst)
confidence distance from flange face to target
TVT
echo
measure
exit
distance from Low Calibration Point to vertical cross-hair
zoom
pan left/right - selected
pan up/down
Echo amplitude (in dB)
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Quick Start: local
Level application example
The application is a vessel that takes an average 3 hours (180 minutes) to fill and 3 weeks
to empty.
Fill rate = 0.08 m/minute [(Low Cal Pt. minus High Cal Pt.) / fastest of fill or empty time]
= (15.5 m – 1 m) / 180 min.
= 14.5 m /180 min. = 0.08 m/min.
Therefore SLOW response rate (0.1 m/minute) can be selected.
Quick Start Parameter Setting Description
Vessel STEEL Selects vessel construction material.
Response Rate SLOW Resets Fill Rate/ Empty Rate to 0.1 m/minute.
Units M Sensor measurement units.
Operation LEVEL (1) Material level referenced from Low Cal. Point.
Low Calibration Point 15.5 Process empty level.
High Calibration Point 1.0 Process full level.
sensor reference point
Level
Low Cal. Point
High Cal.
Point
15.5 m
1.0 m
SITRANS
LR560
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Page 39
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SIMATIC PDM
Operating via SIMATIC PDM
SIMATIC PDM is a software tool used to commission and maintain SITRANS LR560 and other
process devices. Please consult the operating instructions or online help for details on using
SIMATIC PDM. (You can find more information at www.siemens.com/simatic-pdm.)
Functions in SIMATIC PDM
SIMATIC PDM monitors the process values, alarms and status signals of the device. It allows
you to display, compare, adjust, verify, and simulate process device data; also to set schedules
for calibration and maintenance.
Parameters are identified by name and organized into function groups. See
LCD menu
structure
on page 151 for a chart1) and
Changing parameter settings using SIMATIC
PDM
on page 44 for more details.
See
Parameters accessed via pull-down menus
on page 44 for parameters that do not
appear in the menu structure in SIMATIC PDM.
SIMATIC PDM Version
Check the support page of our website to make sure you have the latest version of SIMATIC
PDM, the most recent Service Pack (SP) and the most recent hot fix (HF). Go to:
https://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/
llisapi.dll?func=cslib.csinfo&lang=en&siteid=csius&aktprim=0&extranet=standard&vie
wreg=WW&objid=10806857&treeLang=en
Electronic Device Description (EDD)
You can locate the EDD in Device Catalog, under Sensors/Level/Echo/Siemens AG/
SITRANS LR560. The EDD revision must match the Firmware revision in the device.
To install a new EDD
1) Go to www.siemens.com/LR560 > Support > Software Downloads to download the
most up-to-date EDD from the product page of our website.
2) Save the files to your computer and extract the zipped file to an easily accessed
location.
3) Launch SIMATIC PDM – Manage Device Catalog, browse to the unzipped EDD file
and select it.
Notes:
For a complete list of parameters see
Parameter Reference
on page 62.
While the device is in PROGRAM mode the output remains active and continues to
respond to changes in the device.
1) The menu structure for SIMATIC PDM is almost identical to that for the LCD.
matching
Firmware
and EDD
revisions
To check it in PDM,
go to Level Meter >
Identification >
Device.
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SIMATIC PDM
Configuring a new device
1) Check that you have the most recent EDD, and if necessary update it (see
To install a
new EDD
above).
2) Set Address via handheld programmer (default for PROFIBUS PA is 126). (See Device
Address (5.1.) on page 100, to use SIMATIC PDM.)
In PROGRAM mode, navigate to: Level Meter > Communication (5.) > Device
Address (5.1.).
Press RIGHT arrow twice, to open parameter view and enable Edit mode.
If required, key in a new value and press RIGHT arrow to accept it. The LCD
displays the new value.
Press Mode to return to Measurement mode.
3) Launch SIMATIC Manager and create a new project for LR560.
4) Open the menu Device – Master Reset and click on Factory Defaults.
5) After the reset is complete click on Close, then upload parameters to the PC/PG.
6) Configure the device via the Quick Start wizard.
Set Address
Open the menu Device – Set Address, enter a value for New Address, and click on Assign
Address.
Quick Start Wizard via SIMATIC PDM
The graphic Quick Start Wizard provides an easy step-by-step procedure that configures the
device for a simple application.
Please consult the operating instructions or online help for details on using SIMATIC PDM.
1) If you have not already done so, check that you have the most up-to-date Electronic
Device Description (EDD) for your instrument. (See
Electronic Device Description
(EDD)
on page 39.)
2) Launch SIMATIC Manager and create a new project for LR560. Application Guides
for setting up PROFIBUS PA devices with SIMATIC PDM can be downloaded from
the product page of our website at: www.siemens.com/LR560.
Notes:
Clicking on Cancel during an upload from device to SIMATIC PDM will result in some
parameters being updated.
Application Guides for setting up PROFIBUS PA devices with SIMATIC PDM can be
downloaded from the product page of our website at: www.siemens.com/LR560.
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SIMATIC PDM
Quick Start
Launch SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Wizard - Quick Start, and follow steps 1 to 4.
Notes:
The Quick Start wizard settings are inter-related and changes apply only after you
click on FINISH AND DOWNLOAD at the end of the last step to save settings offline
and transfer them to the device.
Do not use the Quick Start Wizard to modify individual parameters: For quick access
to echo profile parameters see
Echo Setup
on page 50, or see
Parameter Reference
on page 62 for a complete list. (Perform customization only after the Quick Start has
been completed.)
Click on BACK to return and revise setting or CANCEL to exit the Quick Start.
For a vessel with obstructions see
Auto False Echo Suppression
on page 48.
Quick
Start
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SIMATIC PDM
Step 1 – Identification
1) Click on Read Data from Device to upload Quick Start parameter settings from the
device to the PC/PG and ensure PDM is synchronized with the device.
2) Click on NEXT to accept the default values. (Descriptor, Message, and Date fields
can be left blank.)
Step 2 – Application Type
1) Select the application type: steel or concrete vessel. [This changes the setting for
Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising Edge.]
2) Click on NEXT.
Note: The layout of the dialog boxes shown may vary according to the resolution set-
ting for your computer monitor.
Notes:
Selecting either STEEL or CONCRETE does a functional reset (see Master Reset
(4.2.) on page 87).
Selecting STEEL changes the setting for Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising Edge. and
for Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) to F.
Selecting CONCRETE changes the setting for Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising Edge
and for Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) to ALF.
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SIMATIC PDM
Step 3 – Range
Set the parameters, and click on NEXT.
Step 4 – Summary
Check parameter settings, and click on BACK to return and revise values, FINISH to save
settings offline, or FINISH AND DOWNLOAD to save settings offline and transfer them to
the device.
The message Quick Start was successful will appear. Click on OK.
Note: Selecting SLOW Response Rate changes setting for Average amount (2.8.3.) to
0.9.
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SIMATIC PDM
Changing parameter settings using SIMATIC PDM
Many parameters are accessed via the 5-level menu in PDM. See
Parameters accessed via
pull-down menus
on page 44 for the others.
1) Launch SIMATIC PDM, connect to SITRANS LR560, and upload data from the
device.
2) Adjust parameter values in the parameter value field then press Enter. The status
fields read Changed.
3) Open the Device menu, click on Download to Device, then use File – Save, to save
parameter settings. The status fields are cleared.
Parameters accessed via pull-down menus
You have access to a number of functions via pull-down menus from the menu bar. under
Device or View.
For a complete list, see
Pull-down menus
on page 45.
Notes:
For a complete list of parameters, see
Parameter Reference
on page 62.
Clicking on Cancel during an upload from device to SIMATIC PDM will result in some
parameters being updated.
value
fields
pull-down
menus
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SIMATIC PDM
Pull-down menus
Echo Profile Utilities
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the appropriate tab for easy access
to:
Echo profile
on page 46
Echo profile data logging
on page 46 (via
Echo profile
tab)
View Saved Echo Profiles
on page 46
TVT Shaper
on page 47
Auto False Echo Suppression
on page 48
Echo Setup
on page 50
Device menus page View menus page
Communication path Process Variables 56
Download to device
Upload to PC/PG
Update Diagnostic Status
Device Diagnostics 57
Set Address 40 Toolbar
Status bar
Wizard - Quick Start 41 Update
Echo Profile Utilities 45
Maintenance 50
Acknowledge Faults 51
Wear 51
Simulation 52
Write Locking 54
Master Reset 55
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SIMATIC PDM
Echo profile
In the Echo Profile Utilities window click on the tab Echo Profile.
Click on the Measure button to update the profile. Select Standard Resolution to
update the profile faster. Detailed Resolution uploads all data points.
Click on the Save button and in the new window enter a name (maximum 50
characters) and click on OK.
Click on Close to exit.
Echo profile data logging
You can store up to 60 profiles at a selected interval (maximum 60 minutes).
Inside Echo Profile Utilities, in the Echo Profile Time Based Storage group:
Enter the desired interval between stored profiles.
Enter the desired number of profiles to be stored (maximum 60).
Click on Start. A message appears warning of the time delay and warning that all
previous saved profiles will be overwritten. Click on OK to proceed. The new profiles
will be saved with their date and time.
Click on the tab View Saved Echo Profiles to view the stored profiles
View Saved Echo Profiles
To view a saved profile, click on the tab View Saved Echo Profiles.
Notes:
Double click on each axis to see the Xscale and Data Scale values. Right-click or
Left-click on the axis and drag to reposition the scale.
After saving a profile click on Close, not the x button, to close the Echo Profile
Utilities window, otherwise the profile will not be saved.
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SIMATIC PDM
TVT Shaper
This feature allows you to manually adjust the TVT to avoid false echoes caused by
obstructions. (For an explanation see
Auto False Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.)
on page 118.)
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the tab TVT Shaper.
Turn Shaper Mode On.
Click on Measure to refresh the echo profile and load the current TVT from the
device.
Change the position of the cursor on the TVT using the Point+ and Point buttons:
raise and lower the TVT using Offset+ and Offset–.
Alternatively, enter values for Point and Offset directly into the dialog boxes.
Click on Transfer to Device.
Note: Double click on each axis to see the Xscale and Data Scale values. Right-click or
Left-click on the axis and drag to reposition the scale.
TVT
cursor
echo profile
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SIMATIC PDM
Auto False Echo Suppression
If you have a vessel with known obstructions, we recommend using Auto False Echo
Suppression to prevent false echo detection. This feature can also be used if the device
displays a false high level, or the reading is fluctuating between the correct level and a
false high level.
The device learns the echo profile over the whole measurement range and the TVT is shaped
around all echoes present at that moment. (See
Auto False Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.)
on
page 118 for a more detailed explanation.)
The learned TVT will be applied over a specified range. The default TVT is applied over the
remainder of the measurement range.
1) Make sure the material level is below all known obstructions.
2) Determine Auto False Echo Suppression Range. Measure the actual distance from
the sensor reference point to the material surface using a rope or tape measure.
Subtract 0.5 m (20") from this distance, and use the resulting value.
Notes:
Make sure material level is below all known obstructions at the moment Auto False
Echo Suppression is used to learn a custom TVT (Time Varying Threshold). We
recommend an empty or almost empty vessel.
Note the distance to material level when the environment is learned, and set Auto
False Echo Suppression Range to a shorter distance to avoid the material echo being
screened out.
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SIMATIC PDM
3) Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the tab Auto False Echo
Suppression.
4) Make sure Auto False Echo Suppression is On.
5) Enter the value for Auto False Echo Suppression Range.
6) Click on Learn. The message appears: ’This will learn a new echo profile. Once done
it cannot be undone’. Click on OK.
7) Once ’Auto TVT Learn’ is complete, click on Transfer to Device. To exit, click on Close.
Auto TVT is enabled and the learned TVT will be used.
8) To turn Auto False Echo Suppression off or on, reopen the Auto False Echo
Suppression window and click on Off or On.
Before Auto False Echo Suppression
default TVT
TVT
Hover
Level
Level (db)
echo marker
After Auto False Echo Suppression
material level
false echo
Auto False Echo
Suppression Range
echo marker
Level (db)
default
TVT
material level
false echo
learned
TVT
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SIMATIC PDM
Echo Setup
Provides quick access to echo selection, filtering, and response rate parameters.
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on Echo Setup.
Maintenance
You can set schedules for:
maintenance of the device based on its projected lifetime
maintenance of the sensor based on its projected lifetime
• service
calibration
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SIMATIC PDM
To set Device/Sensor Maintenance schedules:
1) Open the menu Device – Maintenance, and click on the Remaining Device/
Sensor Lifetime tab.
2) Modify desired values, and if desired, activate reminders for either or both of
Reminder 1 (Required)/Reminder 2 (Demanded).
3) Click on Write.
4) Click on Read, to see the effects of your modification.
5) Click on Snooze to add a year to the Total Expected Device Life.
To set Service/Calibration schedules:
1) Open the menu Device – Maintenance, and click on the Service/Calibration
Schedule tab.
2) Modify desired values, and if desired, activate reminders for either or both of
Reminder 1 (Required)/Reminder 2 (Demanded).
3) Click on Write.
4) Click on Read, to see the effects of your modification.
5) Click on Service/Calibration Performed to reset the schedule.
Acknowledge Faults
Open the menu Device – Acknowledge Faults, select the appropriate item from the Extended
Diagnostics pull-down menu, and click on Transfer.
Wear
Reports the number of hours the device has been operating, and the number of times it has
been powered up.
Open the menu Device Wear to view:
Powered Hours
Power-on Resets
Analog Input Function Blocks
AIFB1 and AIFB2 Output Conversion
Two identical, independent Analog Input Function Blocks allow you to modify the output to the
LCD and the control system by:
input scaling
output scaling
setting alarms and warnings
selecting display units, damping
defining the response to a Fail-safe condition
Go to Level Meter > Setup > Analog Input 1 (or Analog Input 2) for access to these
parameters. (See
AIFB (simulation, mode and status)
on page 127 for detailed
explanations.)
You can also simulate input and output values, accessed via pull-down menus: see
Simulation
on page 52.
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SIMATIC PDM
Simulation
For more details see
AIFB (simulation, mode and status)
on page 127.
Simulate Analog Input to AIFB1 or AIFB2
You can test your device configuration by simulating the sensor value and status being
fed into the Analog Input Function Block, to ensure that your sensor calibration has been
correctly carried out for your application.
1) Open the menu Device – Simulation, and select the desired function block.
2) Click on the tab Simulation (Measured value).
3) Enable simulation, enter a value in sensor units, set the desired quality and status1),
and click on Transfer.
4) The substitute Output value is displayed in PDM and on the
LCD display, in units defined for the function block in
question. See
Simulate Output
below, to set the output
mode.
5) After simulation is complete, disable simulation and click on
Transfer.
Notes:
The Simulation parameter influences output to the control system.
Make sure that simulation is disabled after simulation is complete.
1) See
Status Byte
on page 132 for more information on status and quality.
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SIMATIC PDM
Simulate Output
Manual (user-defined value)
1) Open the menu Device – Simulation, select function block 1 or 2, and click on the tab
Simulation (Output).
2) Select Manual Mode (from options AUTO, Manual, or Out of Service) and click on
Transfer.
3) Enter simulated value and click on Transfer.
4) After simulation is complete, return to Simulate Output, reselect AUTO mode, and
click on Transfer.
Out-of-Service
In Out of Service mode, an out of service status is associated with the value, telling the
master that the value is invalid. This feature can be used during maintenance.
1) Open the menu Device – Simulation, select function block 1 or 2, and click on the tab
Simulation (Output).
2) Select Out of Service Mode and click on Transfer.
3) After maintenance is complete, return to Simulate Output, reselect AUTO mode, and
click on Transfer.
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SIMATIC PDM
Simulate Input
Allows you to simulate the sensor value which is input to the Level Transducer Block. This
tests everything between the Level Transducer Block and Output.
1) Open the menu Device – Simulation, and select Simulation (Input).
2) To enable simulation, select Fixed or Ramp.
3) If you select Ramp, enter the step length and number of steps.
4) Enter the simulated value and click on Transfer.
5) After simulation is complete, disable simulation and click on Transfer.
Write Locking
Prevents any changes to parameters via PDM or the hand-held programmer. If Write
Locking is enabled, the data can be viewed but not modified.
To enable/disable Write Protection:
1) Open the menu Device – Write Locking and turn Write Protection On or Off.
2) Click on Transfer.
Ramp start Range: –999999 to 999999. Default: 0
Ramp end Range: –999999 to 999999. Default: 0
Number of steps Range: 0 to 65535. Default: 1
Step length Range: 0 to 65535. Default: 1
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SIMATIC PDM
Master Reset
To perform a reset to Factory Defaults:
1) Open the menu Device – Master Reset, and click on Factory Defaults.
2) After the reset is complete click on Close, then upload parameters to the PC/PG.
(If you are performing a reset after replacing the device with a different
instrument, do not upload parameters to the PC/PG.)
To reset the PROFIBUS address to 126:
1) Open the menu Device – Master Reset and click on Reset Address to ’126’.
2) Click on OK: the address will be reset to 126, and if the address lock was on, it
will be disabled.
Notes:
Following a reset, some degree of reprogramming may be required, depending on
the option chosen below.
While performing any reset, a loss of communications can be expected.
Options Result
Factory
Defaults
Resets all parameters to the manufacturer’s default settings, with certain
exceptions. The list of exceptions includes, but is not limited to:
• Message
•Descriptor
Installation Date
Device Address
Write Protection
Auto False Echo Suppression Range
Learned TVT
•Language
Standard
Defaults
Resets all parameters, excluding device addresses and Language, to
the PROFIBUS default settings.
NOTE: After initiating a reset to Standard Defaults via the local user
interface, allow 1-2 minutes before initiating a new command locally.
Informational Resets parameters such as Tag.
Functional Resets parameters that control device behavior, such as Low
Calibration Pt.
Warm Start Has the same effect as recycling power to the device
Device
Address
Resets the PROFIBUS device address to 126
If the address lock was on, will disable the lock.
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SIMATIC PDM
Diagnostics
You can monitor level/volume trends, function blocks, electronics temperature, and device
status.
Process Variables
To compare outputs in real time open the menu View – Process Variables.
Process Variables
Sensor Value and simulation setting
Electronics temperature
Measured Value (level, volume1), and distance) together with quality and status.
Note: To view peak sensor values, peak FB1 and FB2 values, or peak electronics
temperatures, see
Device Diagnostics
on page 57.
1) Not supported by LR560.
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SIMATIC PDM
Function Blocks
Open the menu View – Process Variables and click on Function Blocks to view the channel
(level or distance), operating mode (Auto, Manual, or Out of Service), quality, status, simulation
setting, and summary of alarms.
Trend View
Open the menu View – Process Variables and click on Trend View to monitor Sensor Value
and values for AIFB1 and AIFB2.
Device Diagnostics
Device Status
Open the menu View - Device Diagnostics > Device Status to view Diagnostics, Device Status,
Extended Diagnostics, and Maintenance
trend line
trend line
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SIMATIC PDM
Diagnostics
In the Device Status window, click on the Diagnostics tab, then on the Update diagnostics
button, to update diagnostic information and refresh linked icons.
Device Status
Click on the Device Status tab to view peak sensor values, peak FB1 and FB2 values, and peak
electronics temperatures.
Update diagnostics
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SIMATIC PDM
Analog Input 1/Analog Input 2
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics and go to Analog Input 1/Analog Input 2. Click on
the tab Overview to see the status of all warnings and alarms. Click on the tab Alarms and
Warnings for details.
Update
Open the menu View – Update to refresh the screen.
Security
A password option protects security and communication control parameters from
modification by a maintenance user.
When you open a project the User dialog window provides two options: maintenance or
specialist. If a password has been set it will not be possible to open the project as a specialist
without it. A maintenance user will be able to open the project without a password but will not
have access to security and communication control parameters.
1) Open a project, double-click on the device icon, and in the User window select
Specialist.
2) Open the menu Options – Settings and click on the Password tab.
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SIMATIC PDM
3) Enter a new password and re-enter it in the Confirmation window. Click on OK.
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FDT: Field Device Tool
Operating via FDT (Field Device Tool)
FDT is a standard used in several software packages designed to commission and maintain
field devices such as SITRANS LR560. Two commercially available FDTs are PACTware and
Fieldcare.
Functionally FDT is very similar to PDM (see
Operating via SIMATIC PDM
on page 39 for more
detail).
To configure a field device via FDT you need the DTM (Device Type Manager) for the
device.
To configure a field device via SIMATIC PDM, you need the EDD (Electronic Device
Description) for the device.
Device Type Manager (DTM)
A DTM is a type of software that ’plugs into’ FDT. It contains the same information as an EDD
but an EDD is independent of the operating system.
SITRANS DTM
SITRANS DTM is an EDDL interpreter developed by Siemens to interpret the EDD
for that device.
To use SITRANS DTM to connect to an instrument, you must first install
SITRANS DTM on your system and then install the instrument EDD written for
SITRANS DTM.
You can download SITRANS DTM from the Siemens service and support website at:
http://support.automation.siemens.com. Click on Product Support then go to
Product Information/Process Instrumentation/Software & Communications.
The instrument EDD
The SITRANS LR560 PROFIBUS PA EDD for SITRANS DTM can be downloaded from the
product page of our website.
Go to www.siemens.com/LR560 under Support and click on Software Downloads.
Configuring a new device via FDT
The full process to configure a field device via FDT is outlined in an application guide which
can be downloaded from the product page of our website. Go to: www.siemens.com/LR560
under Support and click on Application Guides.
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Parameters
Parameter Reference
Parameters are identified by name and organized into function groups. See
LCD menu
structure on page 151
for a chart.
Parameters accessible via the handheld programmer are preceded by a number.
Parameters not preceded by a number are accessible only via remote operation. For
more details see
Operating via SIMATIC PDM on page 39
, or
Operating via FDT (Field
Device Tool) on page 61
.
1. Quick Start
Wizards provide step-by step procedures to configure the device, filter out false echoes,
and upload and download parameters and firmware to the optional display for easy
configuration of multiple LR560s.
Press RIGHT arrow twice to open the Wizards menu. Select a wizard, press RIGHT
arrow to open the first step, and follow the instructions.
1.1. Quick Start Wizard
The Quick Start wizard provides an easy step-by-step procedure to configure the device
for a simple application.
•See
Quick Start Wizard via the LDI push buttons on page 34
.
•See
Quick Start Wizard via the handheld programmer on page 34
.
•See
Quick Start Wizard via SIMATIC PDM on page 40
.
Notes:
Parameter names and menu structure are similar but not identical for SIMATIC PDM
and the local display (LCD). This chapter follows the LCD menu structure, and the
navigation path is provided to parameters that have a different location in
SIMATIC PDM.
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*) unless
explicitly stated.
To enter Program mode using the device buttons, press . Press to return to
Measurement mode.
To enter PROGRAM mode/return to Measurement mode via the handheld
programmer, press Mode .
For Quick Access to parameters via the handheld programmer, press Home ,
then enter the menu number, for example: 2.2.1.
Note: Do not use the Quick Start wizard to modify individual parameters. (Perform cus-
tomization only after the Quick Start has been completed.)
In Navigation mode, ARROW keys navigate the menu in the
direction of the arrow.
Press RIGHT Arrow to open Edit Mode, or to save a modification.
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Parameters
1.2. AFES (Auto False Echo Suppression) Wizard
If you have a vessel with known obstructions, we recommend using AFES to prevent false
echo detection.
This feature can also be used if SITRANS LR560 displays a false high level, or the reading
is fluctuating between the correct level and a false high level.
a) Make sure the material level is below all known obstructions.
b) Navigate to Level Meter > Diagnostics
(3.) > Echo Profile (3.1.) and press
RIGHT arrow to request a profile.
c) Determine a range that includes the
false echo but not the true echo: in the
example, 3.3 m.
d) Open the AFES wizard and press
DOWN arrow to continue.
e) Press RIGHT arrow to edit Auto
False Echo Suppression Range.
f) Enter the new range value and press
RIGHT arrow to transfer it.
g) Press DOWN arrow to initiate
Learn. A transition screen appears,
followed by the message Wizard
Complete.
h) Press DOWN arrow (Finish) to
save AFES parameter changes and return to Program menu.
(continued on next page)
Notes:
Before using AFES, configure the device via the Quick Start wizard.
Make sure material level is below all known obstructions at the moment Auto False
Echo Suppression is used to learn a custom TVT (Time Varying Threshold). We
recommend an empty or almost empty vessel.
Note the distance to material level when the environment is learned, and set Auto
False Echo Suppression Range to a shorter distance to avoid the material echo being
screened out.
false
echo
true echo
AFES range
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Parameters
i) Navigate to Echo Profile (3.1.) and
press RIGHT arrow to request a
profile. The false echo is now
screened out and the true echo
selected. With Exit icon selected,
press RIGHT arrow to exit.
j) Press LEFT arrow twice to return
to Measurement mode
1.3. Copy Parameters to Display
Transfers parameter settings from a device to the local display interface.
PARAM UPLOAD is displayed, then the device returns to Measurement mode.
1.4. Copy Parameters from Display
Transfers parameter settings from the local display interface to a device.
PARAM DOWNLOAD is displayed, then the device returns to Measurement mode.
1.5. Copy Firmware to Display
Transfers firmware from a device to the local display interface.
SW UPLOAD is displayed during the transfer, then the device returns to Measurement
mode.
true echo
false echo
See
Connecting SITRANS LR560 on page 23
for instructions on
removing the local display interface.
Press RIGHT arrow to Edit.
Press DOWN arrow to select
Start and RIGHT arrow to begin
the transfer.
Press RIGHT arrow to Edit.
Press DOWN arrow to select
Start and RIGHT arrow to begin
the transfer.
Press RIGHT arrow to Edit.
Press DOWN arrow to select
Start and RIGHT arrow to begin
the transfer.
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Parameters
1.6. Copy Firmware from Display
Transfers firmware from the local display interface to a device.
SW DOWNLOAD is displayed at the beginning of the transfer. This is followed first by a
blank screen (for approximately 2 minutes), then by a progress indicator, and then by the
Siemens logo with the LOE icon. When the transfer is complete,the device returns to
Measurement mode.
2. Setup
2.1. Identification
2.1.1. Tag
Text that can be used in any way. A recommended use is as a unique label for
a field device in a plant. Limited to 32 ASCII characters.
2.1.2. Descriptor
Text that can be used in any way. Limited to 32 ASCII characters. No specific
recommended use.
2.1.3. Message
Text that can be used in any way. Limited to 32 ASCII characters. No specific
recommended use.
2.1.4. Installation Date
Date the device was first commissioned (text string, no format restrictions).
2.2. Device
2.2.1. Hardware Revision
Read only. Corresponds to the electronics hardware of the Field Device.
2.2.2. Firmware Revision
Read only. Corresponds to the software or firmware that is embedded in the
Field Device.
2.2.3. Loader Revision
Read only. Corresponds to the software used to update the Field Device.
Note: Do not interrupt power supply during transfer.
Notes:
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*) unless
explicitly stated.
Values shown in the following tables can be entered via the handheld programmer.
Note: SITRANS PDM limits the TAG field to a maximum of 24 characters.
Press RIGHT arrow to Edit.
Press DOWN arrow to select
Start and RIGHT arrow to begin
the transfer.
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Parameters
2.2.4. Menu timeout
Time menu stays visible before switching back to Measurement view if no key
is pressed.
2.2.5. Manufacturing Date
The date of manufacture of the SITRANS LR560 (YYYYMMDD).
2.3. Sensor
2.3.1. Unit
Sensor measurement unit. Used in setting High/Low Calibration Point, and
displayed on LCD and in PDM.
2.3.2. Level Unit
The engineering unit used for Level. High Level Point corresponds to High
Calibration Pt. (2.3.5.2.) and Low Level Point corresponds to Low Level Point
(2.3.5.4.).
1)
2.3.3. LOE Timer
Sets the time to elapse since the last valid reading, before the Fail-safe material
level is reported.
Values Range: 15 to 65535 s. Default: 120 s
Values m, cm, mm, ft, in
Default: m
Note: We recommend leaving Level Unit set to %.
Options m, cm, mm, ft, in, %
*%
1) The point on the sensor from which measurements are referenced (see
Dimensions
on page 12
).
Note: When a Loss of Echo occurs Value (2.5.9.2.) determines the material
level to be reported when LOE Timer expires. See
Loss of Echo (LOE) on page
121
for more detail.
Values Range: 0 to 720 seconds
Default: 100 s
High Level Point
(default: 100%)
Low Level Point
(default: 0%)
Level Low
Calibration
High
Calibration
sensor
reference
point1)
(flange face)
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Parameters
2.3.4. Temperature Unit
Selects the engineering unit to be displayed with the value representing
temperature..
2.3.5. Calibration
2.3.5.1. Low Calibration Pt.
Distance from sensor reference point
1)
to Low Calibration Point. Unit is
defined in Unit (2.3.1.) and displayed on the LCD and in PDM.
2.3.5.2. High Calibration Pt.
Distance from Sensor Reference to High Calibration Point. Unit is defined in
Unit (2.3.1.) and displayed on the LCD and in PDM.
When setting the High Calibration Point value, note that echoes are
ignored within Near Range (2.4.1.)
Options Degrees C, F, R, or K. Default: Degrees C
Note: We recommend using the Quick Start wizard to configure the device.
1) The point on the sensor from which measurements are referenced (see
Dimensions
on page 12
.
Values Range: 0 to 100 m. Default: 100.00 m
Related parameters Unit (2.3.1.)
Far Range (2.4.2.)
Values Range: 0 to 100 m. Default: 0.000 m
High Level Point
(default: 100%)
sensor
reference
point
Low Level Point
(default: 0%)
Level Low
Calibration
Point
High
Calibration
Point
Far
Range
Level Offset
(if used)
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Parameters
2.3.5.3. Sensor Offset
A constant offset (negative or positive) that can be added to sensor value
1)
to compensate if the sensor reference point has shifted. (For example, this
could result from adding a thicker gasket or reducing the standoff/nozzle
height.) The units are defined in Unit (2.3.1.).
2.3.5.4. Low Level Point
The level when the material is at Low Calibration Point. The unit is defined
in Level Unit (2.3.2.).
2.3.5.5. High Level Point
The level when the material is at High Calibration Point. The unit is defined
in Level Unit (2.3.2.).
2.3.5.6. Level Offset
A constant offset that can be added to Level. The unit is defined in Level
Unit (2.3.2.).
2.3.6. Rate
2.3.6.1. Response Rate
Sets the reaction speed of the device to measurement changes.
.
Use a setting just faster than the maximum filling or emptying rate
(whichever is greater).
1) The distance from sensor reference point to target (see
Minimum Sensor Value 2.4.3.
on page 70
for an illustration.
Values Range: -100 to 100. Default: 0 m
Related parameters Unit (2.3.1.)
Values Range: -999999 to 999999.
Default: 0%
Values Range: -999999 to 999999.
Default: 100%
Values Range: -999999 to 999999.
Default: 0%
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk
(*) unless explicitly stated.
Notes:
Changing Response Rate resets Fill Rate/Min (2.3.6.2.), Empty rate/
Min (2.3.6.3.), and Filter Time Constant (2.5.8.1.).
Selecting SLOW changes setting for Average amount (2.8.3.) to 0.9.
Response Rate
(2.3.6.1.)
Fill Rate/Min (2.3.6.2.)/
Empty rate/Min (2.3.6.3.)
Filter Time Constant
(2.5.8.1.)
Slow 0.1 m/min (0.32 ft/min) 10 s
* Medium 1.0 m/min (3.28 ft/min) 10 s
Fast 10.0 m/min (32.8 ft/min) 0 s
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Parameters
2.3.6.2. Fill Rate/Min
Defines the maximum rate at which the reported sensor value is allowed to
increase. Allows you to further adjust the SITRANS LR560 response to
increases in the actual material level. Fill Rate is automatically updated
whenever Response Rate (2.3.6.1.) is altered.
Enter a value slightly greater than the maximum vessel-filling rate, in units
per minute.
2.3.6.3. Empty rate/Min
Defines the maximum rate at which the reported sensor value is allowed to
decrease. Adjusts the SITRANS LR560 response to decreases in the actual
material level. Empty Rate is automatically updated whenever Response
Rate (2.3.6.1.) is altered.
Enter a value slightly greater than the vessel’s maximum emptying rate, in
units per minute.
2.4. Signal Processing
2.4.1. Near Range
The range in front of the device (measured from the sensor reference point
1)
)
within which any echoes will be ignored. (This is sometimes referred to as
"Blanking" or "Dead Zone".)
Options
Range: 0 to 999999 m / min.
Response Rate (2.3.6.1.) Fill Rate
Slow 0.1 m/min (0.32 ft/min)
* Medium 1.0 m/min (3.28 ft/min)
Fast 10.0 m/min (32.8 ft/min)
Related parameters Level Unit (2.3.2.)
Options
Range: 0 to 999999 m / min.
Response Rate (2.3.6.1.) Empty Rate
Slow 0.1 m/min (0.32 ft/min)
* Medium 1.0 m/min (3.28 ft/min)
Fast 10.0 m/min (32.8 ft/min)
Related parameters Level Unit (2.3.2.)
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*)
unless explicitly stated.
1) Flange face: see
Dimensions on page 12
.
Values Range: 0 to 105 m (0 to 344.5 ft)
Default: 0.278 m (0.91 ft)
Related parameters Unit (2.3.1.)
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Parameters
2.4.2. Far Range
Allows the material level to drop below Low Calibration Point without
generating a Loss of Echo (LOE) state. See Low Calibration Pt. (2.3.5.1.) on page
67 for an illustration.
Use this feature if the measured surface can drop below Low Calibration Point
in normal operation. See
Far Range (2.4.2.) on page 120
for more detail.
2.4.3. Minimum Sensor Value
Read Only. Defines the minimum usable value for the measuring range, in units
defined in Unit (2.3.1.).
(Default = 0.0 m)
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics > Device Status, and click on
the Device Status tab.
• Check Sensor Peak Values.
2.4.4. Maximum Sensor Value
Read Only. Defines the minimum usable value for the measuring range, in units
defined in Unit (2.3.1.).
(Default : 105 m for 100 m device, 45 m for 40 m device)
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics > Device Status, and click on
the Device Status tab.
• Check Sensor Peak Values.
Note: Far Range can extend beyond the bottom of the vessel.
Values
Range: Min. = Low Calibration Pt.
Max. = 45 m (131.2 ft): 40 m device
= 105 m (344.5 ft): 100 m device
Default: Value for Low Calibration Pt. + 5 m (16.4 ft)
Related parameters Unit (2.3.1.)
CLEF Range (2.4.5.4.)
sensor value (distance from sensor reference point
to the target)
sensor reference point (flange face)
Level
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Parameters
2.4.5. Echo select
2.4.5.1. Algorithm
Selects the algorithm to be applied to the echo profile to extract the true
echo.
2.4.5.2. Position Detect
Defines where on the echo the distance measurement is determined. See
Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) on page 116 for more detail.
If the vessel bottom is being reported as the level instead of the actual
material level (at low level conditions) we recommend setting Position
Detect to Hybrid and using it in combination with CLEF Range (2.4.5.4.).
Options
ALF Area Largest First
AEcho Area
L Largest echo
* F First Echo
AL Area Largest
AF Area First
LF Largest First
BLF Best F-L (First and Largest)
BL Best L (Largest)
BF Best F (First)
Last
TF true First echo
Note: Selecting Steel or Concrete vessel type in the Quick Start wizard
changes the setting for Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) to Rising Edge.
Options
*Rising Edge (yields highest stability on sloped
targets)
Center (yields higher accuracy on flat, non-
sloped targets)
Hybrid (Center and CLEF)
CLEF (Constrained Leading Edge Fit)
Related parameters CLEF Range (2.4.5.4.)
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Parameters
2.4.5.3. Echo Threshold
Sets the minimum echo confidence that the echo must meet in order to
prevent a Loss of Echo condition and the expiration of the LOE timer. When
Confidence (2.4.7.1.) exceeds Echo Threshold (2.4.5.3.), the echo is
accepted as a valid echo and is evaluated.
Use this feature when an incorrect material level is reported.
2.4.5.4. CLEF Range
The CLEF algorithm is used mainly to allow correct level reporting for low
dK materials which may otherwise cause an incorrect reading in an empty
or almost empty vessel.
It is used from Far Range up to the level defined by CLEF Range (see
illustration below). Above that point the Center algorithm is used. For more
detail see CLEF Range (2.4.5.4.) on page 118 .
Values Range: 0 to 99
Default: 5
Related Parameters LOE Timer (2.3.3.)
Notes:
CLEF Range is referenced from Far Range.
The value for CLEF Range must include the difference between Far
Range and Low Calibration Point, plus any level above the Low
Calibration Point to be managed by the CLEF algorithm.
Values
Range: 0 to 45 m (40 m device)
0 to 105 m (100 m device)
Default: 0.0 m
Related parameters Position Detect (2.4.5.2.)
Far Range (2.4.2.)
sensor
reference
point
CLEF Range Low Calibration
Point
Far
Range
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Parameters
2.4.5.5. Echo Marker
The point on the primary echo on which the measured value is based.
Use this feature if the reported material level fluctuates slightly, due to a
variable rise in the leading edge of the true echo on the Echo Profile.
Enter the value (in percent of echo height) to ensure the Echo Lock
Window intersects the Echo Profile at the sharpest rising portion of the
Echo Profile representing the true echo. This value is preset to 70%.
2.4.6. Sampling
Provides a method of checking the reliability of a new echo before accepting it
as the valid reading, based on numbers of samples above or below the
currently selected echo.
2.4.6.1. Echo Lock
Selects the measurement verification process.
For radar applications, Material Agitator is the most often used setting, to
avoid agitator blade detection.
2.4.6.2. Sampling up
Specifies the number of consecutive echoes that must appear above the
echo currently selected, before the measurement is accepted as valid.
2.4.6.3. Sampling down
Specifies the number of consecutive echoes that must appear below the
echo currently selected, before the measurement is accepted as valid.
Values Range: 5 to 95%
Default: 70%
Options
Lock Off (no verification)
Maximum Verification (not recommended for radar)
* Material Agitator
Total Lock (not recommended for radar)
Related
parameters
Fill Rate/Min (2.3.6.2.)
Empty rate/Min (2.3.6.3.)
Sampling up (2.4.6.2.)
Sampling down (2.4.6.3.)
Values Range: 1 to 50
Default: 5
Values Range: 1 to 50
Default: 2
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Parameters
2.4.6.4. Echo Lock Window
A “distance window” centered on the echo
1)
is used to derive the reading.
When a new measurement is in the window, the window is re-centered
and the reading is calculated.
When the value is 0, the window is automatically calculated after each
measurement.
For slower Measurement Response values, the window is narrow.
For faster Measurement Response values, the window becomes
progressively wider.
2.4.7. Echo Quality
2.4.7.1. Confidence
Indicates echo reliability: higher values represent better echo quality. The
display shows the echo confidence of the last measurement. Echo
Threshold (2.4.5.3.) defines the minimum criterion for echo confidence.
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the tab Echo
Profile.
2.4.7.2. Echo Strength
Displays the absolute strength (in dB above 1 μV rms) of the echo selected
as the measurement echo.
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the tab Echo
Profile.
1) See
Echo Lock (2.4.6.1.)
on page 118 for more detail.
Values Range: 0 to 105 m
Default: 0 m
Note: The Echo Lock window is stored as a standard sample, but
displayed in sensor units. Any value entered for the Echo Lock window
will be rounded to the nearest sample.
Values (view only) 0 to 99
---- Shot not used
Related Parameters Echo Threshold (2.4.5.3.)
Values (view only) –20 to 99
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Parameters
2.4.8. TVT setup
2.4.8.1. Auto False Echo Suppression
Used together with Auto False Echo Suppression Range (2.4.8.2.) to screen
out false echoes in a vessel with known obstructions.A ’learned TVT’ (time
varying threshold) replaces the default TVT over a specified range.
•See
Auto False Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.) on page 118
for a more
detailed explanation.
To set via SIMATIC PDM see
Auto False Echo Suppression on page
48
.
To set via local operation see
AFES (Auto False Echo Suppression)
Wizard 1.2. on page 63
.
2.4.8.2. Auto False Echo Suppression Range
Defines the e ndpoint of the Learned TVT distance. Units are defined in Unit
(2.3.1.). Used in combination with Auto False Echo Suppression (see above).
2.4.8.3. Hover Level
Defines how high the TVT (Time Varying Threshold) is placed above the
noise floor of the echo profile, as a percentage of the difference between
the peak of the largest echo in the profile and the noise floor. (See Before
Auto False Echo Suppression on page 49 for an illustration.
)
When the device is located in the center of the vessel, the TVT hover level
may be lowered to increase the confidence level of the largest echo.
2.4.8.4. Shaper Mode
Enables/disables TVT shaper (2.4.9.).
Note: We recommend setting Auto False Echo Suppression either viaSI-
MATIC PDM or via local operation using the Auto False Echo Suppres-
sion wizard.
Values Range: 0.00 to105.00 m
Default: 1.00 m
Values Range: 0 to 100%
Default: 40%
Options *OFF
ON
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Parameters
2.4.9. TVT shaper
Adjusts the TVT (Time Varying Threshold) at a specified range (breakpoint on
the TVT). This allows you to reshape the TVT curve to avoid unwanted echoes.
There are 120 breakpoints.
To use TVT shaper via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities and click on the tab TVT Shaper
(see
TVT Shaper on page 47
for more details).
To use TVT shaper via the local display interface (LDI):
a) Go to Shaper Mode (2.4.8.4.) and select option ON.
b) In TVT shaper, go to Breakpoint 1-9 (2.4.9.1.).
c) Open Breakpoint 1 and enter the TVT Offset value (between –50 and 50).
d) Go to the next Breakpoint and repeat step (c) till all desired breakpoint
values have been entered.
2.4.9.1. Breakpoint 1-9
2.4.9.2. Breakpoint 10-18
2.4.9.3. Breakpoint 19-27
2.4.9.4. Breakpoint 28-36
2.4.9.5. Breakpoint 37-45
2.4.9.6. Breakpoint 46-54
2.4.9.7. Breakpoint 55-63
2.4.9.8. Breakpoint 64-72
2.4.9.9. Breakpoint 73-81
2.4.9.10. Breakpoint 82-90
2.4.9.11. Breakpoint 91-99
2.4.9.12. Breakpoint 100-108
2.4.9.13. Breakpoint 109-117
2.4.9.14. Breakpoint 118-120
Notes:
Shaper Mode (2.4.8.4.) must be turned ON in order for TVT shaper
breakpoints to be transferred.
We recommend using SIMATIC PDM to access this feature.
Values Range: –50 dB to +50 dB
Default: 0
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Parameters
2.5. AIFB1
2.5.1. Static Revision No.
The revision level of the static data associated with Analog Input Function
Block 1. The Static Revision No. is updated whenever a configuration
parameter is changed.
2.5.2. Mode
Used to request an operating mode from the Analog Input Function Block.
Allows you to put SITRANS LR560 into Manual mode (used in conjunction with
Simulation) or Out-of-Service mode for maintenance purposes.
We recommend using this parameter only with SIMATIC PDM in order to
benefit from all the features available. For a detailed explanation see
AIFB
(simulation, mode and status) on page 127
.
To use Mode via PDM see
Simulate Output on page 53
.
2.5.3. Channel
Used to select the Transducer Block output.
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*)
unless explicitly stated.
Note: Ensure that Mode is returned to AUTO when simulation or mainte-
nance are completed.
Setting Description Output value
AUTO automatic the automatically-recorded measured
value
MAN manual a manually-set fixed simulation value
O/S function block disabled the preset safety value
Options Reference Point
Level/Volume (PV - Primary Valuea)). Note: Volume is
a standard option, but not supported by LR560 PA.
a) See
Transducer Block on page 125
for an illustration.
Low Calibration Point
Level (SV1 - Secondary Value 1a))Low Calibration Point
*Distance (SV2 - Secondary Value 2a))sensor reference point
Low Calibration Point
(process empty level)
Level
Distance
sensor reference point
High Calibration
Point
(process full level)
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Parameters
2.5.4. Label
User defined label.
2.5.5. Input Scaling
2.5.5.1. Upper Value
Defines the operational upper range value of the input value (Process
Value Scale) in PV (volume/level) Units. Process Value Scale normalizes
the input value to a customer-defined range.
2.5.5.2. Lower Value
Defines the operational lower range value of the input value (Process Value
Scale) in PV (volume/level) Units. Process Value Scale normalizes the input
value to a customer-defined range.
2.5.6. Output Scaling
Scales the Process Variable. The function block parameter OUT SCALE
contains the values of the lower limit and upper limit effective range in AIFB1
units.
2.5.6.1. Upper Value
Defines the operational upper range value of the output value in AIFB1
units.
2.5.6.2. Lower Value
Defines the operational lower range value of the output value in AIFB1
units.
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 100%
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 0%
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 100%
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 0%
Process Value Scale Input
(typically 0 to 100%)
Output Scale
Provides output
values (Out) to
AIFB1 or AIFB2
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Parameters
2.5.7. Alarms and Warnings
2.5.7.1. High Limit Alarm
The setting for the upper alarm limit in AIFB1 units.
2.5.7.2. High Limit Warning
The setting for the upper warning limit in AIFB1 units
2.5.7.3. Low Limit Warning
The setting for the lower warning limit in AIFB1 units.
2.5.7.4. Low Limit Alarm
The setting for the lower alarm limit in AIFB1 units.
2.5.7.5. Limit Hysteresis
Hysteresis is used to adjust the sensitivity of the trigger for alarm
messages. It is used to compensate when a process variable fluctuates
around the same value as a limit. A high level alarm occurs when a value
exceeds an upper limit. The alarm’s status remains true until the value
drops below the limit minus the alarm hysteresis. The directions are
reversed for low limit detection.
Enter a value for the hysteresis here, to be used for all warnings and
alarms. The units are the same as the Output scale, i.e. AIFB1 units.
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 999
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 999
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: -999
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: -999
Values Range: 0 to 999999.00
Default: 0.20
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Parameters
2.5.8. Display
2.5.8.1. Filter Time Constant
The time constant for the damping filter. The damping filter smooths out the
response to a sudden change in level. This is an exponential filter and the
engineering unit is always in seconds (see Damping on page 121
for more
detail).
2.5.8.2. Unit
Engineering unit to be displayed with the output value
2.5.8.3. Out Unit Text
If the desired unit is not listed in Unit (2.5.8.2.) you can define it in Out Unit
Text.
2.5.8.4. Decimal Point
The number of digits to display after the decimal point. (The LCD is limited
to displaying two decimal places in Measurement mode. In SIMATIC PDM
up to seven decimal places may be used to display measured values.)
2.5.9. Fail-safe Mode
2.5.9.1. Mode
Fail-safe Mode occurs if the status of the input value is bad, or if the device
has been put into Fail-safe mode using Simulation. Mode defines the
material level to be reported when the LOE (Loss of Echo) timer expires.
Values Range 0 to 1500 s
Default: 10 s
Note: Additional units are available in SIMATIC PDM.
Optionsa)
a) In PDM, 3 additional units are available: Not Used, Unknown, and Special
(as permitted by PROFIBUS). In PDM the out unit text is displayed in the
drop-down menu. On the display, the option is ’Follow out unit text’.
m, cm, mm, ft, in, %
*m
Options Range: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Default: 2
Options
SUB VALUE Substitute value. Value (2.5.9.2.) used as
output value.
* LAST VALUE Last value. (Store last valid output value).
USE BAD VALUE Use bad value. (Calculated output value is
incorrect).
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Parameters
2.5.9.2. Value
User-defined default for the Output Value, if sensor or sensor electronic
fault is detected. Units are defined in Unit (2.5.8.2.).
2.6. AIFB2
See AIFB1 (2.5.): the parameters for AIFB2 are identical.
2.7. Measured Values
Read only. Allows you to view measured values for diagnostic purposes
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Process Variables.
2.7.1. Main Output
The value for Level/Volume. (PV– Primary Value).
2.7.2. Output, no linearization
The value for Level (SV1 – Secondary Value 1).
2.7.3. Output, no level offset
The value for Distance (SV2 – Secondary Value 2).
2.8. Filtering
2.8.1. Narrow Echo Filter
Filters out echoes of a specific width.
To remove a false echo from the Echo Profile, take its width in mm and multiply
it by 0.013. Enter the result.
For example, to filter out a spike with 500 mm width, enter 6 or 7 (the closest
integer product of 500 x 0.013).
When a value is keyed in, the nearest acceptable value is entered.
2.8.2. Reform Echo
Smooths jagged peaks in the echo profile. Reforms fragmented echoes into one
echo.
Note: Fail-safe Mode (2.5.9.) must be set to Substitute Value before Value
(2.5.9.2.) can be defined.
Values Range: -999999 to 999999
Default: 0
Values
Range: 0 to 255. Default: 0.
0 = OFF
greater = wider
Values
Range: 0 to 255 samples.
Default: 0 (reset to 10 after a Quick Start has been completed)
0 = OFF
greater = wider
Recommended: 5 to 20 samples. Wider is not recommended.
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Parameters
2.8.3. Average amount
The fraction of the old shot data that is kept for averaging purposes. A higher
value will give a smoother profile at the expense of a slower echo profile
response.
3. Diagnostics
3.1. Echo Profile
To request a profile via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Echo Profile Utilities. (See
Echo profile on page 46
for more
detail.)
To request a profile via the handheld programmer:
Navigate to Echo Profile (3.1.) and press RIGHT arrow. (See
Requesting an Echo
Profile on page 37
for more details.)
3.2. Fault Reset
Clears the following faults:
To clear a fault using the handheld programmer:
Enter the fault code number then press RIGHT arrow.
Values 0.0 to 1.0
Default: 0.75
Note: Selected icon is highlighted.
Fault Code Description
S3 Device Lifetime Reminder 1 (Maintenance Required)
S4 Device Lifetime Reminder 2 (Maintenance Demanded)
S6 Sensor Lifetime Reminder 1 (Maintenance Required)
S7 Sensor Lifetime Reminder 2 (Maintenance Demanded)
S8 Device Service Reminder 1 (Maintenance Required)
S9 Device Service Reminder 2 (Maintenance Demanded)
S12 Internal Temperature High
S17 Calibration Schedule Reminder 1 (Maintenance Required)
S18 Calibration Schedule Reminder 2 (Maintenance Demanded)
measure
pan left/right - selected/highlighted
distance from flange face to target
algorithm selection (trueFirst echo)
TVT
curve
material
level
confidence
value
zoom in/out
exit
Echo Amplitude (dB)
pan up/down
distance from Low Calibration Point to vertical cross-hair
Measurement Range
(0 to 50 m for example purposes)
exit icon selected /
highlighted
exit icon,
deselected
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Parameters
To clear a fault via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Acknowledge Faults.
Select the fault to be cleared from the pull-down menu in Extended
Diagnostics.
Click on Transfer to clear the fault.
3.3. Trend
Displays the trend of the Process Variables: sensor value, and outputs from AIFB1/
AIFB2. Samples are saved every minute up to 3200 samples.
To view via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu View – Process Variables and click on the tab Trend View.
3.4. Electronics Temperature
3.4.1. Minimum Value
The minimum recorded internal electronics temperature of the SITRANS LR560.
3.4.2. Maximum Value
The maximum recorded internal electronics temperature of the SITRANS
LR560.
3.4.3. Internal Temperature
The current internal electronics temperature of the device.
3.5. Condensed Status
When Enable (3.5.1.) is enabled, you can select the level of severity of errors, and
tailor a device response appropriate for your particular process.
•In Event Index (3.6.1.) you can select a particular event or error by means of its
index number.
•In Event Status (3.6.2.) you can assign a status to the selected event.
•In Event Diagnosis (3.6.3.) you can assign a diagnosis to the selected event.
3.5.1. Enable
Select Yes or No to enable/disable Condensed Mode.
3.5.2. Features supported
Read only. Features supported are:
• Condensed Diagnostics
• Extended Diagnostics
• Application Relationships
3.5.3. Features enabled
Read only. Lists those features that have been enabled.
Note: When cyclic communication is in progress, Condensed Status Mode
cannot be changed.
Options NO (disabled)
* YES (enabled)
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Parameters
3.6. Allocation
3.6.1. Event Index
The numeric component of the Event Code for a Condensed Status event. Use
the index number to identify a particular event in the list below.
For example:
Event Code for Loss of Echo = S0
Event Index = 0
To select a particular event via the handheld programmer:
a) Go to Enable (3.5.1.) and select Yes to enable Condensed Mode.
b) Go to Event Index (3.6.1.) and enter the event index number corresponding
to the event.
To select a particular event via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Go to Maintenance & Diagnostics > Condensed Status > Enable and
select Yes to enable Condensed Mode.
b) Go to Maintenance & Diagnostics > Allocation Level.
c) For each event, you can select either the Status or the Diagnosis line, then
choose a Status or Diagnosis option from the associated pull-down menu.
Event
Index
Event
Code Event Descriptiona)
a) See
General Fault Codes on page 108
for the meaning of each event.
0S0 Loss of Echo
2S2 No Tech Power
10 S10 Level Transducer Block (LTB) Scale
11 S11 Internal Temperature Sensor
12 S12 Internal Temperature High
14 S14 AIFB1 PV Range
15 S15 AIFB2 PV Range
25 S25 Internal error
28 S28 Memory RAM
29 S29 Memory EEPROM
30 S30 Memory EEPROM Flags
31 S31 Memory Flash
33 S33 Internal Temperature Calibration
34 S34 Velocity Calibration
35 S35 Receiver Init Calibration
36 S36 Receiver Calibration
37 S37 Technology Module Calibration
38 S38 Technology Module Ramp
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Parameters
3.6.2. Event Status
Event Status allows you to assign one of the status options listed below, to any
of the events listed in Event Index (3.6.1.). This allows you to tailor a device
response appropriate for your particular process.
(Event Status affects
Condensed Status
1)
).
To assign a status to a particular event via the handheld programmer:
a) Go to Enable (3.5.1.) and select Yes to enable Condensed Mode.
b) Go to Event Index (3.6.1.) and enter the event index number corresponding
to a particular event.
c) Go to Event Status (3.6.2.) and choose a Status option from the table
above.
To assign a status to a particular event via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Go to Level Meter > Maintenance & Diagnostics > Condensed Status >
Enable and select Yes to enable Condensed Status Mode.
b) Go to Level Meter > Maintenance & Diagnostics > Allocation Level.
c) Select the Status line for the selected Event, then choose a Status option
from the associated pull-down menu.
3.6.3. Event Diagnosis
Allows you to assign one of the diagnostic options listed below to any of the
events listed in Event Index (3.6.1.). This allows you to tailor a device response
appropriate for your particular process.(Event Diagnosis affects Condensed
Acyclic Diagnostics and Cyclic Extended Diagnostics
2)
)..
Event Status Options
Good
Good: maintenance required
Good: maintenance demanded
Uncertain: maintenance demanded
* Bad: maintenance alarm
Uncertain: process related, no maintenance
Bad: process related, no maintenance
Bad: function check/local override
Good: function check
1) See
Condensed Status on page 132
for more detail.
Event Diagnosis Options
Status OK
Maintenance Required
Maintenance Demanded
* Maintenance alarm
Invalid process conditions
Function check or simulation
2) See
Condensed Mode Diagnosis on page 136
for more detail.
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Parameters
To assign a diagnosis to a particular event via the handheld programmer:
a) Go to Enable (3.5.1.) and select Yes to enable Condensed Mode.
b) Go to Event Index (3.6.1.) and enter the event index number corresponding
to a particular event.
c) Go to Event Diagnosis (3.6.3.) and choose a Diagnosis option from the table
above.
To assign a status to a particular event via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Go to Level Meter > Maintenance & Diagnostics > Condensed Status >
Enable, and select Yes to enable Condensed Status Mode.
b) Go to Level Meter > Maintenance & Diagnostics > Allocation Level.
c) Select the Diagnosis line for the selected Event, then choose a Diagnosis
option from the associated pull-down menu.
3.7. Peak Values
To view via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, and click on the tab
Device Status. For more details see
Device Diagnostics on page 57
.
3.7.1. Min. Measured Value
The minimum recorded Sensor value, reported in units defined in Unit (2.3.1.).
3.7.2. Max. Measured Value
The maximum recorded Sensor value, reported in units defined in Unit (2.3.1.).
3.7.3. Minimum Output Value - AIFB1
The minimum recorded Output Value from the Analog Input Function Block 1.
3.7.4. Maximum Output Value - AIFB1
The maximum recorded Output Value from the Analog Input Function Block 1.
3.7.5. Minimum Output Value - AIFB2
The minimum recorded Output Value from the Analog Input Function Block 2.
3.7.6. Maximum Output Value - AIFB2
The maximum recorded Output Value from the Analog Input Function Block 2.
4. Service
4.1. Demo Mode
Reduces the time between measurements and the accuracy for demonstration
purposes.
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*)
unless explicitly stated.
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Parameters
4.2. Master Reset
To access via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Master Reset. For more detail see
Master Reset on page 55
.
To perform a reset via the handheld programmer:
a) Press RIGHT Arrow to open Edit Mode then scroll down to the desired Reset
option and press RIGHT Arrow to select it.
b) Press LEFT Arrow to exit.
4.3. Powered Hours
Read only. Displays the number of hours the unit has been powered up since
manufacture.
To view via SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Wear.
Notes:
Following a reset, some degree of reprogramming may be required, depending
on the option chosen below.
While performing any reset, a loss of communications can be expected.
Reset Options Result
Factory Defaults
Resets all user parameters to the manufacturer’s default settings,
with certain exceptions. The list of exceptions includes, but is not
limited to:
• Message
•Description
Installation Data
Device Address
Write Protection
Auto False Echo Suppression Range
Learned TVT
•Language
Standard
Defaults
Resets all parameters, excluding device addresses and Language, to
the PROFIBUS standard default settings.
NOTE: After initiating a reset to Standard Defaults via the local
user interface, allow 1-2 minutes before initiating a new
command locally.
Informational Resets parameters such as Tag.
Functional Resets parameters that control device behavior and functionality
(such as calibration points)
Warm Start Has the same effect as recycling power to the device
Reset Address
to 126
Resets the PROFIBUS device address to 126
If the address lock was on, will disable the lock.
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Parameters
4.4. Power-on Resets
Read only. The number of power cycles that have occurred since manufacture.
To view via SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Wear.
4.5. LCD Backlight
Time the backlight remains on.
4.6. LCD Contrast
The factory setting is for optimum visibility at room temperature and in average light
conditions. Extremes of temperature will lessen the contrast.
Adjust the value to improve visibility in different temperatures and light conditions.
Change the value in small steps to ensure you can continue to read the display.
To access LCD Contrast via SIMATIC PDM:
Navigate to Level Meter > Setup > Local Display.
4.7. Remaining Device Lifetime
The device tracks itself based on operating hours and monitors its predicted lifetime.
You can modify the expected device lifetime, set up schedules for maintenance
reminders, and acknowledge them.
The maintenance warnings and alarms are communicated via the Status byte. This
information can be integrated into any Asset Management system. For optimal use,
we recommend that you use SIMATIC PCS7 Asset Management Software in
conjunction with SIMATIC PDM.
Options Range: 0 (backlight off) to 128 seconds (backlight always on).
Default: 128 seconds
Values Range: 0 to 20
Default: 8
Contrast setting will depend on ambient
temperature.
Notes:
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*) unless
explicitly stated.
Four sets of parameters allow you to monitor the Device/Sensor Lifetimes and
set up Service/Calibration schedules, based on operating hours instead of a
calendar-based schedule. See also Remaining Sensor Lifetime (4.8.), Service
Schedule (4.9.), and Calibration Schedule (4.10.).
Performing a reset to Factory Defaults will reset all the Maintenance Schedule
parameters to their factory defaults.
The device operates in years. To view Remaining Device Lifetime parameters in
hours or days (via SIMATIC PDM only) see Lifetime Expected (4.7.1.).
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Parameters
To access these parameters via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Maintenance and select the Remaining Device Lifetime
tab.
After modifying values/units as required, click on Write to accept the change,
and Read to view the effect of the change.
Click on Snooze to add a year to the Total Expected Device Life.
Time Units
4.7.1. Lifetime Expected
Allows you to override the factory default.
4.7.2. Time in Operation
Read only. The amount of time the device has been operating in years.
4.7.3. Remaining Lifetime
Read only. Lifetime Expected (4.7.1.) less Time in Operation (4.7.2.).
Optionsa)
a) Selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Hours; days; years
Default: years
Note: The device always operates in years. Changing the units affects only
the parameter view of the Remaining Device Lifetime parameters in
SIMATIC PDM.
Values
Unitsa): hours, days, years
a) Units are selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 10.00 years
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4.7.4. Reminder Activation
Allows you to enable a maintenance reminder.
a) First set the values in Reminder 1 (Required) (4.7.5.)/Reminder 2
(Demanded) (4.7.6.).
b) Select the desired Reminder Activation option.
4.7.5. Reminder 1 (Required)
If Remaining Lifetime (4.7.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Required reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.7.4.) to the desired option.
4.7.6. Reminder 2 (Demanded)
If Remaining Lifetime (4.7.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Demanded reminder.
a) Modify limit values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.7.4.) to the desired option.
4.7.7. Maintenance Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder is active.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Device Lifetime Status
window.
4.7.8. Acknowledge Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder has been acknowledged.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Device Lifetime Status
window.
Note: To modify this parameter via SIMATIC PDM it must be accessed via the
pull-down menu Device – Maintenance.
Values
REMinder 1 (Maintenance REQuired)
REMinder 2 (Maintenance DEManded)
REMinders 1 AND 2 (Maintenance Required and Maintenance
Demanded)
*OFF
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.164 years
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.019 years
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Parameters
4.7.9. Acknowledge
Acknowledges the current maintenance reminder.
To acknowledge a reminder via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, and click
on the Maintenance tab.
b) In the Device Lifetime section, click on Acknowledge Warnings.
To acknowledge a reminder via the handheld programmer:
a) Press RIGHT arrow twice to open parameter view and activate Edit
Mode.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to acknowledge the reminder.
4.8. Remaining Sensor Lifetime
The device monitors the predicted lifetime of the sensor (the components exposed to
the vessel environment). You can modify the expected sensor lifetime, set up
schedules for maintenance reminders, and acknowledge them.
See
To access these parameters via SIMATIC PDM: on page 92
Notes:
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*) unless
explicitly stated.
Four sets of parameters allow you to monitor the Device/Sensor Lifetimes and
set up Service/Calibration schedules, based on operating hours instead of a
calendar-based schedule. See also Remaining Device Lifetime (4.7.), Service
Schedule (4.9.), and Calibration Schedule (4.10.).
Performing a reset to Factory Defaults will reset all the Maintenance Schedule
parameters to their factory defaults.
The device operates in years. To view Remaining Sensor Lifetime parameters in
hours or days (via SIMATIC PDM only) see Lifetime Expected (4.8.1.).
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Parameters
To access these parameters via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Maintenance and select the Remaining Sensor
Lifetime tab.
After modifying values/units as required, click on Write to accept the change,
and Read to view the effect of the change.
Click on Snooze to add a year to the Total Expected Sensor Life.
Click on Sensor Replaced to restart the timer and clear any fault messages.
Time Units
4.8.1. Lifetime Expected
Allows you to override the factory default.
4.8.2. Time in Operation
The amount of time the sensor has been operating. Can be reset to zero after
performing a service or replacing the sensor.
To reset to zero:
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Maintenance, click on the
Remaining Sensor Lifetime tab, and click on Sensor Replaced to restart
the timer and clear any fault messages.
Via the handheld programmer, manually reset Time in Operation (4.8.2.) to
zero.
4.8.3. Remaining Lifetime
Read only. Lifetime Expected (4.8.1.) less Time in Operation (4.8.2.).
Optionsa)
a) Selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Hours; days; years
Default: years
Note: The device always operates in years. Changing the units affects only
the parameter view of Remaining Sensor Life parameters in SIMATIC PDM.
Values
Unitsa): hours, days, years
a) Units are selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 10.00 years
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Parameters
4.8.4. Reminder Activation
Allows you to enable a maintenance reminder
.
a) First set the values in Reminder 1 (Required) (4.8.5.)/Reminder 2
(Demanded) (4.8.6.).
b) Select the desired Reminder Activation option.
4.8.5. Reminder 1 (Required)
If Remaining Lifetime (4.8.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Required reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.8.4.) to the desired option.
4.8.6. Reminder 2 (Demanded)
If Remaining Lifetime (4.8.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Demanded reminder.
a) Modify values as required
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.8.4.) to the desired option.
4.8.7. Maintenance Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder is active.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Sensor Lifetime Status
window.
4.8.8. Acknowledge Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder has been acknowledged.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Sensor Lifetime Status
window.
Note: To modify this parameter via SIMATIC PDM it must be accessed via the
pull-down menu Device – Maintenance.
Options
REMinder 1 (Maintenance REQuired)
REMinder 2 (Maintenance DEManded)
REMinders 1 AND 2 (Maintenance Required and Maintenance
Demanded)
*OFF
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.164 years
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.019 years
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Parameters
4.8.9. Acknowledge
Acknowledges the current maintenance reminder.
To acknowledge a reminder via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, and click
on the Maintenance tab.
b) In the Sensor Lifetime section click on Acknowledge Warnings.
To acknowledge a reminder via the handheld programmer:
a) Press RIGHT arrow twice to open parameter view and activate Edit
Mode.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to acknowledge the reminder
4.9. Service Schedule
The device tracks service intervals based on operating hours and monitors the
predicted lifetime to the next service. You can modify the Total Service Interval, set
schedules for Maintenance Alerts, and acknowledge them.
The maintenance warnings and alarms are communicated via the Status byte. This
information can be integrated into any Asset Management system. For optimal use,
we recommend that you use SIMATIC PCS7 Asset Management Software in
conjunction with SIMATIC PDM.
To access these parameters via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Maintenance and select the Service Schedule tab.
After modifying values/units as required, click on Write to accept the change,
and Read to view the effect of the change.
Click on Service Performed to restart the timer and clear any fault messages.
Notes:
Four sets of parameters allow you to monitor the Device/Sensor Lifetimes and
set up Service/Calibration schedules, based on operating hours instead of a
calendar-based schedule. See also Remaining Device Lifetime (4.7.), Remaining
Sensor Lifetime (4.8.), and Calibration Schedule (4.10.).
Performing a reset to Factory Defaults will reset all the Maintenance Schedule
parameters to their factory defaults.
The device operates in years. To view Service Interval parameters in hours or
days (via SIMATIC PDM only) see Service Interval (4.9.1.).
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Parameters
Time Units
4.9.1. Service Interval
User-configurable recommended time between product inspections.
4.9.2. Time since Last Service
Time elapsed since last service. Can be reset to zero after performing a service.
To reset to zero:
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Maintenance, click on the
Service Schedule tab, and click on Service Performed to restart the timer
and clear any fault messages.
Via the handheld programmer, manually reset Time since Last Service
(4.9.2.) to zero.
4.9.3. Time until Next Service
Read only. Service Interval (4.9.1.) less Time since Last Service (4.9.2.).
Optionsa)
a) Selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Hours; days; years
Default: years
Note: The device always operates in years. Changing the units affects only
the parameter view of the Service Interval parameters in SIMATIC PDM.
Values
Unitsa): hours, days, years
a) Units are selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 1.0 year
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Parameters
4.9.4. Reminder Activation
Allows you to enable a maintenance reminder.
a) First set the values in Reminder 1 (Required) (4.9.5.)/Reminder 2
(Demanded) (4.9.6.).
b) Select the desired Reminder Activation option.
4.9.5. Reminder 1 (Required)
If Time until Next Service (4.9.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Required reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.9.4.) to the desired option.
4.9.6. Reminder 2 (Demanded)
If Time until Next Service (4.9.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the device
generates a Maintenance Demanded reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.9.4.) to the desired option.
4.9.7. Maintenance Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder is active.
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, click on the
Maintenance tab and check the Service Schedule Status window.
4.9.8. Acknowledge Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder has been acknowledged.
Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, click on the
Maintenance tab and check the Service Schedule Status window.
Note: To modify this parameter via SIMATIC PDM it must be accessed via the
pull-down menu Device – Maintenance.
Values
*Timer OFF
ON NO LIMITS
ON REMinder 1 (Maintenance Required) checked
ON REMinders 1 - 2 checked
ON REMinder 2 (Maintenance Demanded) checked
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.164 years
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.019 years
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Parameters
4.9.9. Acknowledge
Acknowledges the current maintenance reminder.
To acknowledge a reminder via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Open the menu Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, and click on the Maintenance tab.
b) In the Service Schedule Status section click on Acknowledge Warnings.
To acknowledge a reminder via the handheld programmer:
a) Press RIGHT arrow twice to open parameter view and activate Edit
Mode.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to acknowledge the reminder.
4.10. Calibration Schedule
The device tracks calibration intervals based on operating hours and monitors the
predicted lifetime to the next calibration. You can modify the Calibration Interval, set
schedules for maintenance reminders, and acknowledge them.
To access these parameters via SIMATIC PDM:
Open the menu Device – Maintenance and select the Calibration Schedule tab.
After modifying values/units as required, click on Write to accept the change,
and Read to view the effect of the change.
Click on Calibration Performed to restart the timer and clear any fault
messages.
(continued on next page)
Notes:
Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*) unless
explicitly stated.
Four sets of parameters allow you to monitor the Device/Sensor Lifetimes and
set up Service/Calibration schedules, based on operating hours instead of a
calendar-based schedule. See also Remaining Device Lifetime (4.7.), Remaining
Sensor Lifetime (4.8.), and Service Schedule (4.9.).
Performing a reset to Factory Defaults will reset all the Maintenance Schedule
parameters to their factory defaults.
The device operates in years. To view Calibration Interval parameters in hours or
days (via SIMATIC PDM only) see Calibration Interval (4.10.1.).
Page 98 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 7ML19985LT01
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Parameters
Time Units
4.10.1. Calibration Interval
User-configurable recommended time between product calibrations.
4.10.2. Time since Last Calibration
Time elapsed since last calibration. Can be reset to zero after performing a
calibration.
To reset to zero:
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu Device – Maintenance, click on the
Calibration Schedule tab, and click on Calibration Performed to restart the
timer and clear any fault messages.
Via the handheld programmer, manually reset Time since Last Calibration
(4.10.2.) to zero.
4.10.3. Time until Next Calibration
Read only. Calibration Interval (4.10.1.) less Time since Last Calibration (4.10.2.)
Optionsa)
a) Selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Hours; days; years
Default: years
Note: The device always operates in years. Changing the units affects only
the parameter view of the Calibration Interval parameters in SIMATIC PDM.
Values
Unitsa): hours, days, years
a) Units are selectable only via SIMATIC PDM.
Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 1.0 year
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Parameters
4.10.4. Reminder Activation
Allows you to enable a maintenance reminder
.
a) First set the values in Reminder 1 (Required) (4.10.5.)/Reminder 2
(Demanded) (4.10.6.).
b) Select the desired Reminder Activation option.
4.10.5. Reminder 1 (Required)
If Time until Next Calibration (4.10.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the
device generates a Maintenance Required reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.10.4.) to the desired option.
4.10.6. Reminder 2 (Demanded)
If Time until Next Calibration (4.10.3.) is equal to or less than this value, the
device generates a Maintenance Demanded reminder.
a) Modify values as required.
b) Set Reminder Activation (4.10.4.) to the desired option.
4.10.7. Maintenance Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder is active.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Calibration Schedule
Status window.
Note: To modify this parameter via SIMATIC PDM it must be accessed via the
pull-down menu Device – Maintenance.
Values
*Timer OFF
ON NO LIMITS
ON REMinder 1 (Maintenance Required) checked
ON REMinders 1 - 2 checked
ON REMinder 2 (Maintenance Demanded) checked
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.164 years
Values Range: 0 to 20 years
Default: 0.019 years
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Parameters
4.10.8. Acknowledge Status
Indicates which level of maintenance reminder has been acknowledged.
In SIMATIC PDM, open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device
Status, click on the Maintenance tab, and check the Calibration Schedule
Status window.
4.10.9. Acknowledge
Acknowledges the current maintenance reminder.
To acknowledge a reminder via SIMATIC PDM:
a) Open the menu View – Device Diagnostics, select Device Status, and click
on the Maintenance tab.
b) In the Calibration Schedule Status section click on Acknowledge
Warnings.
To acknowledge a reminder via the handheld programmer:
a) Press RIGHT arrow twice to open parameter view and activate Edit
Mode.
b) Press RIGHT arrow to acknowledge the reminder.
5. Communication
5.1. Device Address
Sets the unique address of the device on the network (also called PROFIBUS
address).
To reset Device Address via SIMATIC PDM:
See
Set Address on page 40
.
To change Device Address via the handheld programmer:
See
Device Address on page 37
for details.
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*)
unless explicitly stated.
Note: The address can be changed and locked from a remote master. See
PROFI-
BUS address on page 130
for details on disabling the address lock and Master
Reset (4.2.) on page 87 to reset Device Address to 126.
Values 0 - 126. Default: 126
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Parameters
5.2. PROFIBUS Ident Number
Identifies the device on the network. The Ident Number must match that in the GSD
file (the GSD file provides information on the device to the master).
6. Security
6.1. Remote Access
6.1.1. Remote Lockout
Enables or disables programming via the network and PDM.
6.2. Local Access
6.2.1. Write Protection
Prevents any changes to parameters via PDM or the hand-held programmer.
7. Language
Selects the language to be used on the LCD.
To access Language via SIMATIC PDM:
Navigate to Level Meter > Setup > Local Display.
Options
STD PROFILE Standard Profile (uses generic GSD for 2 AIFB
[ident # = 0x9701]
* MANUFACTURER
Manufacturer-specific (uses Siemens EDD and
GSD file, which identifies the LR560 [PROFIBUS
PA]) [ident # = 0x816B]
STD – AIFB 1 ONL. Standard Profile AIFB 1 only (uses generic GSD for
1 AIFB) [ident # = 0x9700]
Note: Default settings in the parameter tables are indicated with an asterisk (*)
unless explicitly stated.
Note: If access control is changed to limit remote access, it can be reset only
via the handheld programmer.
Options * OFF (Remote operation enabled)
ON (Remote operation disabled)
Hand-held
programmer
Values
Range: 0 to 9999
2457 (unlock value) Off (enables programming)
any other value On (disables programming)
Options
*ENGLISH
DEUTSCH
FRANÇAIS
ESPAÑOL
CHINESE
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Parameters
Notes
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A: Parameter List
Appendix A: Alphabetical Parameter
List
Parameter Name (Parameter Number) Page Number
AIFB1 (2.5.) 77
AIFB2 (2.6.) 81
Alarms and Warnings (2.5.7.) 79
Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) 71
Allocation (3.6.) 84
Auto False Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.) 75
Auto False Echo Suppression Range (2.4.8.2.) 75
Average amount (2.8.3.) 82
Calibration (2.3.5.) 67
Calibration Schedule (4.10.) 97
Channel (2.5.3.) 77
CLEF Range (2.4.5.4.) 72
Condensed Status (3.5.) 83
Confidence (2.4.7.1.) 74
Decimal Point (2.5.8.4.) 80
Demo Mode (4.1.) 86
Descriptor (2.1.2.) 65
Device Address (5.1.) 100
Display (2.5.8.) 80
Echo Lock (2.4.6.1.) 73
Echo Profile (3.1.) 82
Echo Quality (2.4.7.) 74
Echo select (2.4.5.) 71
Echo Strength (2.4.7.2.) 74
Echo Threshold (2.4.5.3.) 72
Electronics Temperature (3.4.) 83
Empty rate/Min (2.3.6.3.) 69
Enable (3.5.1.) 83
Event Index (3.6.1.) 84
Event Status (3.6.2.) 85
Event Diagnosis (3.6.3.) 85
Far Range (2.4.2.) 70
Fault Reset (3.2.) 82
Features enabled (3.5.3.) 83
Features supported (3.5.2.) 83
Fill Rate/Min (2.3.6.2.) 69
Filter Time Constant (2.5.8.1.) 80
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A: Parameter List
Firmware Revision (2.2.2.) 65
Hardware Revision (2.2.1.) 65
High Calibration Pt. (2.3.5.2.) 67
High Limit Warning (2.5.7.2.) 79
High Limit Alarm (2.5.7.1.) 79
High Level Point (2.3.5.5.) 68
Hover Level (2.4.8.3.) 75
Identification (2.1.) 65
Input Scaling (2.5.5.) 78
Internal Temperature (3.4.3.) 83
Installation Date (2.1.4.) 65
Label (2.5.4.) 78
Language (7.) 101
LCD Backlight (4.5.) 88
LCD Contrast (4.6.) 88
Level Offset (2.3.5.6.) 68
Level Unit (2.3.2.) 66
Limit Hysteresis (2.5.7.5.) 79
Loader Revision (2.2.3.) 65
Local Access (6.2.) 101
LOE Timer (2.3.3.) 66
Low Calibration Pt. (2.3.5.1.) 67
Low Limit Warning (2.5.7.3.) 79
Low Limit Alarm (2.5.7.4.) 79
Low Level Point (2.3.5.4.) 68
Main Output (2.7.1.) 81
Manufacturing Date (2.2.5.) 66
Master Reset (4.2.) 87
Max. Measured Value (3.7.2.) 86
Maximum Output Value - AIFB1 (3.7.4.) 86
Maximum Output Value - AIFB2 (3.7.6.) 86
Maximum Sensor Value (2.4.4.) 70
Maximum Value (3.4.2.) 83
Measured Values (2.7.) 81
Menu timeout (2.2.4.) 66
Message (2.1.3.) 65
Min. Measured Value (3.7.1.) 86
Minimum Output Value - AIFB1 (3.7.3.) 86
Minimum Output Value - AIFB2 (3.7.5.) 86
Minimum Sensor Value (2.4.3.) 70
Minimum Value (3.4.1.) 83
Parameter Name (Parameter Number) Page Number
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A: Parameter List
Mode (2.5.2.) 77
Narrow Echo Filter (2.8.1.) 81
Near Range (2.4.1.) 69
Output, no level offset (2.7.3.) 81
Output, no linearization (2.7.2.) 81
Output Scaling (2.5.6.) 78
Out Unit Text (2.5.8.3.) 80
Peak Values (3.7.) 86
Position Detect (2.4.5.2.) 71
Powered Hours (4.3.) 87
Power-on Resets (4.4.) 88
PROFIBUS Ident Number (5.2.) 101
Quick Start (1.) 62
Rate (2.3.6.) 68
Reform Echo (2.8.2.) 81
Remaining Device Lifetime (4.7.) 88
Remaining Sensor Lifetime (4.8.) 91
Remote Access (6.1.) 101
Remote Lockout (6.1.1.) 101
Response Rate (2.3.6.1.) 68
Sampling (2.4.6.) 73
Sampling down (2.4.6.3.) 73
Sampling up (2.4.6.2.) 73
Sensor (2.3.) 66
Sensor Offset (2.3.5.3.) 68
Service Schedule (4.9.) 94
Shaper Mode (2.4.8.4.) 75
Signal Processing (2.4.) 69
Static Revision No. (2.5.1.) 77
Tag (2.1.1.) 65
Temperature Unit (2.3.4.) 67
Trend (3.3.) 83
TVT setup (2.4.8.) 75
TVT shaper (2.4.9.) 76
Unit (2.3.1.) 66
Value (2.5.9.2.) 81
Write Protection (6.2.1.) 101
Parameter Name (Parameter Number) Page Number
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B: Troubleshooting
Appendix B: Troubleshooting
Communication Troubleshooting
1. Check the following:
There is power at the instrument.
The LCD shows the relevant data.
The device can be programmed using the hand-held programmer.
If any fault codes are being displayed see
Acyclic Extended Diagnostics
(General Fault Codes)
on page 138 for a detailed list.
2. Verify that the wiring connections are correct.
3. Check the PROFIBUS address and make sure all devices are at unique PROFIBUS
addresses.
4. See the table below for specific symptoms (continued on next page).
If you continue to experience problems, go to our website at: www.siemens.com/LR560,
and check the FAQs for SITRANS LR560, or contact your Siemens Milltronics
representative.
Symptom Corrective action
The device cannot be
programmed via the hand-
held programmer.
•Make sure Write Protection (6.2.1.) on page 101 is set to the
unlock value.
You try to set a SITRANS
LR560 parameter via remote
communications but the
parameter remains
unchanged.
Ensure Remote Lockout (6.1.1.) on page 101 is disabled.
Ensure Write Protection (6.2.1.) on page 101 is set to the
unlock value.
See
To reset the PROFIBUS address to 126:
on page
55 to disable an address lock.
The PLC value equals the
display value but does not
correspond to actual material
level.
Ensure Scaling in AIFB1 is correctly entered.
Ensure High Calibration Point is correctly entered.
View the echo profile to see if the wrong echo is
being selected. If so, see
Operation Troubleshooting
on page 112 for possible causes and corrective
action.
The PLC value is not equal to
the displayed value
(regardless of actual material
level).
Confirm you are looking at the right spot in the PLC.
Ensure scaling has not been programmed into the
PLC: all scaling should be performed by the LR560.
Check the network to ensure the PCL is communicat-
ing with the LR560.
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B: Troubleshooting
Device Status Icons
Icon Priority
Level Meaning
1 Maintenance alarm
Measurement values are not valid
2 Maintenance warning: maintenance demanded immediately
Measured signal still valid
3 Maintenance required
Measured signal still valid
1 Process value has reached an alarm limit
2 Process value has reached a warning limit
3 Process value has reached a tolerance limit
1 Configuration error
Device will not work because one or more parameters/components
is incorrectly configured
2 Configuration warning
Device can work but one or more parameters/components is incor-
rectly configured
3 Configuration changed
Device parameterization not consistent with parameterization in
project. Look for info text.
1 Manual operation (local override)
Communication is good; device is in manual mode.
2 Simulation or substitute value
Communication is good; device is in simulation mode or works with
substitute values.
3 Out of operation
Communication is good; device is out of action.
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B: Troubleshooting
General Fault Codes
Data exchanged
No data exchange
Write access enabled
Write access disabled
Notes:
The status icon shown associated with each fault is the default icon in Condensed Mode.
If more than one fault is present, the device status indicator and text for each fault
alternate at 2 second intervals.
Some faults cause the device to go to Fail-safe mode. These are indicated with an
asterisk (*).
General Fault Codes
Code /
Icon Meaning Corrective Action
S:0 * The device was unable to get a
measurement within the Fail-safe
LOE Timer period. Possible causes:
faulty installation, antenna material
buildup, foaming/other adverse
process conditions, invalid
calibration range.
Ensure installation details are cor-
rect.
Ensure no material buildup. Clean
if necessary.
Adjust process conditions to mini-
mize foam or other adverse condi-
tions.
Correct range calibration.
If fault persists, contact your local
Siemens representative.
S: 2 * Unable to collect profile because of
a power condition that is outside the
operating range of the device.
Repair required. Contact your local
Siemens representative.
Icon Priority
Level Meaning (cont’d)
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B: Troubleshooting
S: 3 Device is nearing its lifetime limit
according to the value set in
Reminder 1 (Required) (4.7.5.).
Replacement is recommended.
S: 4 Device is nearing its lifetime limit
according to the value set in
Reminder 2 (Demanded) (4.7.6.).
Replacement is recommended.
S: 6 Sensor is nearing its lifetime limit
according to the value set in
Reminder 1 (Required) (4.8.5.).
Replacement is recommended.
S: 7 Sensor is nearing its lifetime limit
according to the value set in
Reminder 2 (Demanded) (4.8.6.).
Replacement is recommended.
S: 8 Service interval as defined in
Reminder 1 (Required) (4.9.5.) has
expired.
Perform service.
S: 9 Service interval as defined in
Reminder 2 (Demanded) (4.9.6.) has
expired.
Perform service.
S:10
Input parameters Low Calibration Pt.
(2.3.5.1.) and High Calibration Pt.
(2.3.5.2.) are the same.
Check calibration settings of
device.
Ensure settings for High Calibra-
tion Point and Low Calibration
Point are different.
S: 11 Internal temperature sensor failure. Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
General Fault Codes (cont’d)
Code /
Icon Meaning Corrective Action
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B: Troubleshooting
S: 12 Internal temperature of device has
exceeded specifications: it is
operating outside its temperature
range.
Relocate device and/or lower pro-
cess temperature enough to cool
device.
Inspect for heat-related damage
and contact your local Siemens
representative if repair is required.
Fault code will persist until a man-
ual reset is performed using PDM
or the LCD interface.
S:14 Input Scaling (2.5.5.) Upper and
lower values for AIFB1 are the
same.
Check configuration for AIFB1.
Ensure that Upper Value and
Lower Value (Input Scaling) are
not the same.
S:15 Input Scaling (2.5.5.) Upper and
lower values for AIFB2 are the
same.
Check configuration for AIFB2.
Ensure that Upper Value and
Lower Value (Input Scaling) are
not the same.
S: 17 Calibration interval as defined in
Reminder 1 (Required) (4.10.5.) has
expired.
Perform calibration.
S: 18 Calibration interval as defined in
Reminder 2 (Demanded) (4.10.6.) has
expired.
Perform calibration.
S:25 Internal error. Reset power. If fault persists,
contact your local Siemens
representative.
S: 27 Internal device failure caused by an
External RAM memory error.
Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S: 28 * Internal device failure caused by a
RAM memory error.
Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
General Fault Codes (cont’d)
Code /
Icon Meaning Corrective Action
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B: Troubleshooting
S: 29 * EEPROM damaged. Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S: 30 EEPROM corrupt. Reset power. If fault persists,
contact your local Siemens
representative.
S: 31 * Flash error. Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S: 32 IDENT number conflict. Ensure value of the Ident number
selector is correct for the network
configuration. If it is correct, the
device needs to be re-parameterized
by the PLC.
S: 33 * Factory calibration for the internal
temperature sensor has been lost.
Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S: 34 * Factory calibration for the device
has been lost.
Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S:39 Transducer temperature sensor
failure.
Repair required: contact your local
Siemens representative.
S:40 Transducer temperature too high. Relocate device and/or lower
process temperature enough to cool
device. Inspect for heat-related
damage and contact your local
Siemens representative if repair is
required.
General Fault Codes (cont’d)
Code /
Icon Meaning Corrective Action
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B: Troubleshooting
Operation Troubleshooting
Operating symptoms, probable causes, and resolutions (continued on next page).
S: 41 Transducer temperature too low. Relocate device and/or raise
process temperature enough to
warm device. Inspect for
temperature-related damage and
contact your local Siemens
representative if repair is required.
S:64
to
S:83
Device error.
NOTE: Fault text and icons appear
only on LCD.
Repair required. Contact your local
Siemens representative.
S:94
to
S:108
Device error.
NOTE: Fault text and icons appear
only on LCD.
Repair required. Contact your local
Siemens representative.
Operation Troubleshooting
Symptom Cause Action
Display shows
S: 0 LOE
level or target is out of
range
check specifications
•check Low Calibration Pt. (2.3.5.1.)
increase Confidence (2.4.7.1.)
Display shows
S: 0 LOE
material build-up on
antenna
Use the air purge feature to clean the
antenna
re-locate SITRANS LR560
Display shows
S: 0 LOE
location or aiming:
poor installation
flange not level
Auto False Echo Suppres-
sion may be incorrectly
applied
check to ensure nozzle is vertical
ensure end of antenna protrudes
from end of nozzle.
review
Auto False Echo Suppression
(2.4.8.1.)
on page 118
ensure Auto Suppression Range is
set correctly
General Fault Codes (cont’d)
Code /
Icon Meaning Corrective Action
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B: Troubleshooting
Display shows
S: 0 LOE
antenna malfunction:
temperature too high
physical damage
check temperature in Maximum
Value (3.4.2.)
•relocate
Reading does not
change, but the level
does
SITRANS LR560 processing
wrong echo, i.e. vessel
wall, or structural member
re-locate SITRANS LR560
check nozzle for internal burrs or
welds
rotate instrument 90°
•use Auto False Echo Suppression
(2.4.8.1.) if necessary: see
Auto False
Echo Suppression (2.4.8.1.)
on page
118
Measurement is
consistently off by a
constant amount
setting for Low Calibra-
tion Pt. not correct
setting for Sensor Offset
not correct
check distance from sensor refer-
ence point to Low Calibration Pt.
(2.3.5.1.)
•check Sensor Offset (2.3.5.3.)
Screen blank
power error check nameplate rating against volt-
age supply
check power wiring or source
Reading erratic echo confidence weak refer to Confidence (2.4.7.1.)
•useAuto False Echo Suppression
(2.4.8.1.) and Auto False Echo Sup-
pression Range (2.4.8.2.)
material filling re-locate SITRANS LR560
Reading response
slow
Fill Rate/Min (2.3.6.2.)
setting is incorrect
increase measurement response if
possible
Reads correctly but
occasionally reads
high when vessel is
not full
detecting close range
echo
build up near top of ves-
sel or nozzle
nozzle problem
Use the air purge feature to clean the
antenna
•use Auto False Echo Suppression
(2.4.8.1.) and Auto False Echo Sup-
pression Range (2.4.8.2.)
Level reading lower
than material level
material is within Near
Range zone
multiple echoes pro-
cessed
decrease Near Range (2.4.1.): mini-
mum value depends on antenna type
raise SITRANS LR560
ensure Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) is set to tF
(trueFirst echo)
Operation Troubleshooting (cont’d)
Symptom Cause Action
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C: Maintenance
Appendix C: Maintenance
SITRANS LR560 requires no maintenance or cleaning under normal operating conditions.
Under severe operating conditions, the antenna may require periodic cleaning. If
cleaning becomes necessary:
Note the antenna material and the process medium, and select a cleaning
solution that will not react adversely with either.
Remove the instrument from service and wipe the antenna clean using a cloth
and suitable cleaning solution.
Unit Repair and Excluded Liability
All changes and repairs must be done by qualified personnel, and applicable safety
regulations must be followed. Please note the following:
The user is responsible for all changes and repairs made to the device.
All new components must be provided by Siemens Milltronics Process Instruments
Inc.
Restrict repair to faulty components only.
Do not re-use faulty components.
Contact your local Siemens representative for a list of spare part.
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D: Technical Reference
Appendix D: Technical Reference
Principles of Operation
SITRANS LR560 is a 2-wire 78 GHz FMCW (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave)
radar level transmitter for continuous monitoring of solids in vessels1). Radar level
measurement uses the time of flight principle to determine distance to a material surface.
FMCW radar transmits a continuous wave. The frequency of the wave is constantly
increasing: this is known as the sweep. By the time the first part of the wave has been
reflected off the target and returned to the device, the part of the wave that is just being
emitted is at a higher frequency. The difference in frequency between the transmitted and
received signals is proportional to time of flight.
Electromagnetic wave propagation is virtually unaffected by temperature or pressure
changes, or by changes in the vapor levels inside a vessel. Electromagnetic waves are
not attenuated by dust.
SITRANS LR560 consists of an enclosed electronic circuit coupled to an antenna and
process connection. The electronic circuit generates a radar signal (78 GHz) that is
directed to the lens antenna.
The signal is emitted from the lens antenna, and the reflected echoes are digitally
converted to an echo profile. The profile is analyzed to determine the distance from the
sensor reference point2) to the material surface. This value (sensor value) is used as a
basis for calculating the display of material level.
Process Variables
The Process Variables are sensor value and measured value. Sensor value is the
distance from the sensor reference point (flange face) to the material surface. The
measured value can be either Level (distance from low calibration point to material
surface), Distance (distance from sensor reference point to the material surface), or
Space (distance from high calibration point to the material surface).
Echo Processing
Process Intelligence
The signal processing technology embedded in Siemens radar level devices is known as
Process Intelligence.
Process intelligence provides high measurement reliability regardless of the dynamically
changing conditions within the vessel being monitored. The embedded Process
Intelligence dynamically adjusts to the constantly changing material surfaces within
these vessels.
Note: Where a number follows the parameter name (for example, Algorithm (2.4.5.1.)
this is the parameter access number via the local control buttons or the handheld
programmer. See
Parameter Reference
on page 62 for a complete list of parameters.
1) The microwave output level is significantly less than that emitted from cellular phones.
2) See
Dimensions
on page 12.
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D: Technical Reference
Process Intelligence is able to differentiate between the true microwave reflections from
the surface of the material and unwanted reflections being returned from obstructions
such as seam welds or supports within a vessel. The result is repeatable, fast and
reliable measurement. This technology was developed as result of field data gained over
some twenty years from more than 1,000,000 installations in many industries around the
world.
Higher order mathematical techniques and algorithms are used to provide intelligent
processing of microwave reflection profiles. This “knowledge based” technique
produces superior performance and reliability.
Echo Selection
Time Varying Threshold (TVT)
A Time Varying Threshold (TVT) hovers
above the echo profile to screen out
unwanted reflections (false echoes).
In most cases the material echo is the
only one which rises above the default
TVT.
In a vessel with obstructions, a false echo
may occur. See
Auto False Echo
Suppression (2.4.8.1.)
on page 118 for
more details.
The device characterizes all echoes that rise above the TVT as potential good echoes.
Each peak is assigned a rating based on its strength, area, height above the TVT, and
reliability, amongst other characteristics.
Algorithm (2.4.5.1.)
The true echo is selected based on the setting for the Echo selection algorithm. For a list
of options see Algorithm (2.4.5.1.) on page 71.
Position Detect (2.4.5.2.)
The echo position detection algorithm determines which point on the echo will be used to
calculate the precise time of flight, and calculates the range using the calibrated
propagation velocity. The following options are available:
• Rising
Center
•Hybrid
CLEF (Constrained Leading Edge Fit)
Rising
Uses rising edge of the echo.
Center
Uses center of the echo.
Hybrid
Uses the Center algorithm for the top part of the vessel, and the CLEF algorithm for the
part nearest the vessel bottom, according to the setting for CLEF range.
default TVT
material
level
echo marker
echo profile
7ML19985LT01 SITRANS LR560 (PROFIBUS PA) – OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS